Page 1

8

thÀ-]mSv

KOCHI

3 -s^-{_phcn 2014 Xn¶ƒ

Dw-d \nÀ-h-ln-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-ªpho-Wp a-cn-¨p A-en-bmÀ-

`-hm-\n-b-½

Nm-¯³

Aw-_p-Pm-£n-b-½

dn-t_-¡-

jm-\-hm-kv

ap-l-½-Zv

I-eym-W-Ir-jv-W³

{_-“-]p-cw: ]m-S-Øn-°c am-{X-°m-´v ho-´n¬ JmZ¿ a-I≥ A-en-bm¿(86). J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn. `mcy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: kp-ld, A-–p¬e-Øo-^v, A–p¬P-am¬, j-_v-\. acp-a-°ƒ: d-low, P-∫m¿, A≥-km¿-_o-Kw, P-ko-d.-

tIm-X-aw-K-ew: cm-a-√q¿ I-cn-ß-g Xp-S-\m¬ (Ip∂p-tΩ¬) ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy `-hm-\n-b-Ω(82). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse 11\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥ \m-b¿, in-h≥, Ip-am-cn, cm-P≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: km-en, kn‘p, i-in-Ip-am¿, {io-Ie.-

{io-aq-e-\-K-cw: {io-`q-X]p-cw ]m-d-∏p-d-Øv ho-´n¬ Nm-Ø≥ (77).- kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn.- `m-cy: Imfn. a-°ƒ: l-cn-Zm-kv, joe, Aw-_n-I, Ip-am-cn. acp-a-°ƒ: k-cn-X, kp-{_“-Wy≥, hn-t\m-Zv, _m_p.

]-d-hq¿: s]-cp-hm-cw t]m´-bn¬ a-[p-\n-hm-kn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b A¿-Pp-\≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Aw-_pPm-£nb-Ω(88).- kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: kp-io-e, th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, Aw-_n-Im tZ-hn, tkm-a-ti-J-c≥, cm-P-tiJ-c≥, I-a-ew, hn-P-b-Ipam¿, a-[p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-cta-iz-c≥ \m-b¿, tim-`\, th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, an\n, A-Rv-P-en, ]-¶-Pm£≥ ]n-≈, P-b-{io, Zo]v-Xn.-

Iq-Øm-´p-Ip-fw: Nm-en-®t_m-¥-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb A-{_-lm-an-s‚ `m-cy dn-t_-° A-{_-lmw (87). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hnse 10\v h-S-I-c sk‚ v tPm¨-kv bm-t°m-_m-b ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]-tc-X tIm-°p-t∂¬ IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: h¬-k, ta-cn, ]-tc-X-bmb tPm-bv-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h¿-Ko-kv ]m-e-∏p-dw, Xºn, X-ºn Ip-∂p-tΩ¬.-

H-°¬: s\-Sp-ßm-´p-Ip-Sn ho-´n¬ a-c-bv-°m-dn-s‚ aI≥ jm-\-hm-kv (jm-\p˛45). am-Xm-hv: J-Zo-P. ktlm-Z-c≥: A≥-h¿.-

]-√m-cn-aw-K-ew: ap-Ip-tf¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv (90). J-_-d-S°w C-∂p-cm-hn-se 10\v ]-√m-cn-aw-K-ew Pp-am-a-kvPn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b J-Zo-P. a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv jm-^n, \q-dp-±o≥, jm-P-lm≥, kp-ss_-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: dpJn-b, kp-sse-J, B-an\, C-kv-am-bn¬.-

B-e-ßm-Sv: dn-´.- ]n.U_yp.-Un. F≥-Pn-\o-b-¿ tIm-´-∏p-dw s]-cp-t¥m-´Øv C-√-Øv ({io-h¬kw) I-eym-W Ir-jv-W≥(72). -kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p -cm-hn-se 9.-30\v s]-cpt¥m-´-Øv X-d-hm-Sv h-f∏n¬. {Km-tPz-‰v F≥-Pn\o-tb-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j≥ kw-ÿm-\ P-\d¬ sk-{I-´n B-e-ßm-Sv sI.C.Fw. ssl-kv-Iqƒ am-t\-P¿, {io-Ir-jv-W-]pcw k-¥m-\-tKm-]m-e aq¿Øo t£-{Xw {S-Ãv am-t\P¿, B-e-ßm-Sv tbm-Kw {io-[¿-a im-kv-Xm `-‡P-\-kw-Lw ÿm-]-I {]kn-U‚ v F-∂o \n-e-Ifn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: Kn-cn-P (dn-´. A[ym-]n-I sI.-C.-Fw.-F®v.-F-kv). a-°ƒ: D-am-i¶¿ (imkv{X-⁄≥,Ata-cn-°), A-Uz. -{io-h¬k-Ir-jv-W≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-Rv-Pp-e-£v-an, c-Rv-Pn\n.

a-¯m-bn C-cn-´n: I-cn-t°m-´-°-cn Su-Wn-se hym-]m-cn Hmen-°¬ a-Øm-bn (82). `m-cy: Cu-Ø-Ω. a-°ƒ: t_-_n, Ip-´n-®≥, X-¶Ω, tPm-kv, tPm¿-Pv, kPn, en-kn, sP-bv-k¨. acp-a-°ƒ: en-kn, sP-kn, A-∏-®≥, an-\n, ^n-sb, k-Pp, Pn-jn.

Kw-Km-[-c³

ssh-∏n-≥:- ]p-Xp-ssh-∏vtIm-®≥-ap-°v- I-f-Øn-∏d-ºn¬- B‚-Wn- (79)-.-kw-kv-Im-cw- \-S-Øn. `mcy-: t_-_n. a-°ƒ-: tamfn,- tPm-Wn,- tPm-fn. a-cp-a°ƒ-: B‚-Wn,- jo-_.--

]-ø-∂q¿: a-lm-tZ-h {Km-a-Øn-se am-[-hn\nhm-kn¬ Iq-h Kw-Km-[c≥ (66). `m-cy: Sn Sn hn ]-Xvan-\n. a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, jo-_, jo-P, cm-Pp. a-cpa-°ƒ: k-hn-X, jo-Pp (tI-c-fm-Iu-ap-Zn, sIm®n), Pn-Pp.

kp-Ip-am-c³

[-\-Rv-P-b³

ssh-∏n≥: -F-f-¶p-∂-∏p-g a-c-ßm-´p-Ø-d ho-´n¬ kp-Ip-am-c≥(82).-- `-- m-cy: kp-tem-N-\. -a-°ƒ: {ioP≥,-{io-e≥,- Kn-co-jv,{io-e-P,-a-cp-a-°ƒ: en-k, -cm-Pn, tim-`n, -kp-\n-¬.-

sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: B-\m-∏pg I-√p-]-d-ºn¬ [-\-Rv-Pb≥(72). `m-cy: e-fn-X. a°ƒ: [-t\-jv, [-\y, _njn¬.-

a-dn-bw \m-bv° - ´- n: Hm-S-s°m-√n A-_q-_-°-dn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bw (70). a-°ƒ: Al-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, A-–p¬ aPo-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-ko_, j-lo-d .

X-¦w th-ßc - : I-√° - b - w Ipdn-™n-°m-´n¬ Ip™≥ ssh-Zy-cp-sS `m-cy X-¶w(77).

Bâ-Wn-

ap-l-½-Zm-Pn ]-c∏ - \ - ß - m-Sn: Nn-d-aw-K-esØ \-cn-tIm-S≥ ap-l-ΩZm-Pn (94). `m-cy-am¿: \^o-k, ]m-Øp-Ωp. a°ƒ: C-{_m-low, A–p¬ A-ko-kv, A-–p∂m-k¿, ssk-X-e-hn, ^m-Øn-a, ssk-\-_, kpss_-Z, _p-jv-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: t]m-°¿, ssk-X-ehn, A-_q-_-°¿, lmdq¨ d-jo-Zv, kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-im-_n, k-°o-\, B-bn-i.

kp-µ-c³

ImÀ-Xym-b-\n ap-g-∏n-e-ßm-Sv: Ip-fw_km¿ I-S-hp tdm-Un¬ hm-Wn-b≥ h-f-∏n¬ s\tøm-Øv Im¿-Xym-b-\n (74). `¿-Øm-hv: tKm-]me≥. a-°ƒ: cm-Po-h≥, k-Po-h≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _o-\, cm-P-{io.

A-½p A-½

sIm-t≠m-´n: t]m-Øpsh-´n-∏m-d ]p-fn-b-t°mS≥ A-_q-_-°¿ (45).

s]m-∂m-\n: ]p-g-{ºw tXm-cw-]-d-ºn¬ kp-μc≥ (67). `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn\n. a-I≥: kp-[o¿. a-cp-aIƒ: Pn-j.

A-½n-Wn

dm-t^Â

Um-\n-tbÂ

a-Wn

sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: B-\m-∏pg hm-en-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Km-k≥ `m-cy AΩn-Wn(75). a-°ƒ: _m_p, kp-\n¬, hm-k-¥n, jo-\.-

sIm®n: N-°p-¶¬ dmt^¬(89). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 9\p Np≈n-°¬ ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: tPm-kv-^n≥. aIƒ: tdm-kv-ta-cn. a-cp-aI≥: kmP≥.

Xr-°m°-c: dn-´. F-kv. _n.Sn. Po-h-\-°m-c≥ hnIm-kv tdm-Uv ]-Sn-™mtd ]p-c-bv-°¬ tPm¿-Pns‚ a-I≥ Um-\n-tb-¬ (65). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\p D-Wn®n-d sk‚ Pq-Uv ]-≈n skantØcn-bn¬. `m-cy: am-Kn Um-\n-tb¬. a-°ƒ: Znhy (sk‚ v tk-hy¿ tImf-Pv Beph), [\y(C≥-t^m-kn-kv _mw•q¿). a-cp-a°ƒ: sS≥k≥ (sI-b¿ tIc-fw sImc-´n), A-`n-em-jv (sF tK-‰v _mw-•q¿).

I-f-a-t»cn: D-Wn®n-d hen-b ]-d-ºn¬ a-Wn (72). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\p C-S-∏-≈n iv-a-im-\-Øn¬. `mcy: A-Ωn-Wn. a°ƒ: \n-j, jn-_p. a-cpa°ƒ: c-taiv, [\y.

Iam apt≠cn: kn hn lukn¬ ]-d-t°m-´v I-am¬ (80). `m-cy: I-Zo-kp-Ω. a°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^ , ju°-Ø-en, A-^v-k-Øv, \-_o-kp.

lw-k ]-ø-∂q¿: s]-cp-º ss_-]m-kv tdm-Un-se ]m-d-Ω¬ lmw-k (69). Ip-™n-aw-K-ew kz-tZ-inbm-Wv.

A-_q-_-¡À

A-dp-ap-J³ hm-g-°m-Sv: ap-≥ Kzm-fntbm¿ d-tbm¨-kv Po-h\-°m-c-\pw t{Km bq-\nb≥ tPm. sk-{I-´-dn-bpam-bn-cp-∂ ap-≠p-ap-gn sNdp-h-´q¿ N-°p-߬ kn A-dp-ap-J≥ (71). `m-cy: k-Xn. a-°ƒ: ilv\, in-_v\, i-iv-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Kn-co-jv _m_p, jm-Pn, {io-Pn-Øv.

cm-a-Zm-kv N-h-d: \o-≠-I-c ]p-Ø≥Xp-d sIm-®p-]o-Sn-I-bn¬ sI cm-a-Zm-kv(68).

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: ]-Sn-™m‰mw ap-dn-bn-se ]p-Ø≥ ]p-c-bn¬ kn ]n A-ΩpA-Ω (92).

Hm-a-\ B-b-h-\:a-S-Øm-´v ]-tcX-\m-b tam-l-\-s‚ `mcy Hm-a-\(55). ]-tc-X am-dm-Sn A-¥ym-fØn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hnse 9\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: Zo-]p,c-X-o-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kv-an-X, A-ley.

cw-K-\m-b-In I-∂n-am-cn: tNm-W-Ωhm-c-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-Øp-kzm-an Iu-≠-cpsS `m-cy cw-K-\m-b-In (91). a-°ƒ: X-¶-th-ep, tPym-Xn-th-ep, in-hm-\μ≥, I-\-I-a-Wn. a-cp-aI≥: B-dp-ap-Jw.

A-¥n-°m-Sv: Dw-d \n¿h-ln-°p-∂-X-\n-sS a°-bn¬ Ip-g-™p hoWp a-cn-®p. ]p-Ø≥]o-Sn-I K-h. F¬.-]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w sh-fn-b-Øv jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zv lm-Pn(57) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ sNm-Δm-gvN sN-{¥m-∏n-∂n-bn-se kz-Im-cy l-÷v {Kq-∏p h-gn-bm-Wv Dw-d \n¿-h-ln-°m≥ `m-cy-tbm-sSm-∏w a-°-bn-se-Øn-b-Xv. Ip-g-™pho-W C-bm-sf DS≥ k-ao-]-sØ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶nepw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. A-¥n-°m-Sv a-l√v I-Ωn-‰n ap≥-{]-kn-U‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: kpss_-Z. a-°ƒ: ^-lo-a, k-^v-hm≥. a-cp-a-I≥: \Po-_v.-

A-Úm-X³ s{S-bn³-X-«n a-cn-¨ -\n-e-bnÂ

sIm-®n: A-⁄m-X bphm-hn-s\ s{S-bn≥X-´n a-cn® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn.I-eq¿ I-Xr-°-S-hv ]p-t√∏-Sn K-h. tlm-an-tbm Bip-]-{Xn-°p sX-°p-h-iw sd-bn¬-th {Sm-°n-em-Wp ar-X-tZ-lw I-≠-Xv.ar-X-tZ-lw F-d-Wm-Ipfw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.-30 h-b-kv tXm-∂n-°pw. C-cp-\n-dw, sa-en-™ i-co-cw, G-I-tZ\m-Wp Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sN-dp-hm- iw A-©v A-Sn \m-en-©v D-b-cw.- C-cpssI-I-fp-sSbpw D-c-Øn-s‚ `m-K-Øv ]-® Ip-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.- I-kt©-cn-bn-se s\-t√-cnIp-«n-b-½ hpI-c-tbm-Sv Iq-Sn-b sh-≈ap-≠pw sh-≈-bn¬ \o-e ®m¬ sh-≈n-tem-´v \mXn-cp-h-√: s]-cn-ß-c hm- Wp (58). `m-cy: I-a-e. a- I-f-ß-fp-≈ ^pƒ ssI j¿-´p-am-Wp th-jw. C-bme-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ir°ƒ: c-ta-iv, k-t¥m-jv, sf-°p-dn-®v F-s¥-¶n-epw hn-h-cw A-dn-bp-∂-h¿ _jv-W-∏n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy ‘-s∏-Sp-I. -t^m¨: 0484 2390280.Ip-´n-b-Ω (96). kw-kv-Im- k-μo-]v. a-cp-a-Iƒ: jncw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v s]- Pn-\. cn-ß-c ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. F-cp-a-s∏-´n: ]-g-hq-cn¬ ao≥ ]n-Sn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Ipap-l-½-Zv Jm-en-_v f-Øn¬ Im¬-h-gp-Xn ho-W hn-Zym¿-Yn ap-ßna-cn-®p. ]-¡À X-e-t»-cn: tN-‰w-Ip-∂v Pn-Un h-f-∏n¬ ap-Øp-hn-s‚ a-I≥ ap¿-jn-Zm-Wv a-cnC-cn-´n: ]-g-b _\m-bw-ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv kvÃm≥-Un-se an¬-am Jm-en-_v (49). ]-tc-X-\m- ®-Xv. F-cp-a-s∏-´n K-h.- kv-Iq-fn-se F-´mw ¢m-kv hnZym¿-Yn-bm-Wv. _q-Øn-\v k-ao-]w I-®b X-e-t»-cn ap-\n-knh-Sw \-S-Øp-∂ C-cn-´n ∏¬ ap≥ sN-b¿-am≥ t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j-\v k- kn Sn D-a¿Ip-´n-bp-sS aNm-h-°m-Sv: a-W-Ø-e ao-]w Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ sI I-\m-Wv. `m-cy: ]n sI ]-°¿ (56) Ip-g-™pho- hn ko-\-Øv. a-°ƒ: ^- t_-_n tdm-Un¬ sX-cp-hWv a-cn-®p. `m-cy: P-ao-e. ko¬ A-lv-kw, kmØv ho-´n¬ A-_v-Zp¬ ka-°ƒ: \u-^¬, B-_n- ln¬, l-\m≥, A-Zn-b. emw (62) Ip-g-™p ho-Wp Zv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \mJ-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn- a-cn-®p. C-∂-se cm-hn-se k¿, ap-\o¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, se 10\v kv-t‰-Un-bw Pp- 11.-30\v ho-´n¬ h®v Ip-glw-k, l-k≥, A-bq™p ho-gp-I-bpw D-S-s\ aam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm_v, ^m-Øn-a, B-kn-b. \n¬. c- W - s ∏- S p- I - b p- a m- b n- c p∂p. J-_-d-S-°w Xn-¶-fm-gvN cm-hn-se 10\v a-W-Ø-e Pp-am-A-Øv ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `m-cy: _¬-°okv. a-°ƒ: A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv, A≥-^n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-Po-_v, k-h¿-P.-

hn-ZymÀ-Yn ap-§na-cn-¨p

Ip-g-ªpho-Wp a-cn-¨p

sI-«n-Sw ]-Wn-¡n-S-bn ho-Wv ]-cn-t¡-ä sXmgnemfn acn¨p

ImÀ-Xym-b-\n

tPm-k-^v

Nm-t¡m

I-cp-Wm-I-c-]-Wn-¡À

hÀ-Ko-kv

Ip-a-c-Iw: C-S-®m-en¬ (Ip-gn-th-en-]-d-ºn¬) ]tc-X-\m-b tI-i-h-s‚ `mcy Im¿-Xym-b-\n (89). a-°ƒ: Ip-´-∏≥ (hn-iz\m-Y≥), im-¥-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Hm-a-\ (F-kv.-sI.--Fw.F-®v.F -- -kv), _me-N-{μ≥ (tI-c-f t]m-enkv). -kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 3\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.-

h-cn-°mw-Ip-∂: I-f-Øn∏-d-ºv tPm-k-^v(72).`m-cy: A-∂-Ω.- kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v ssh-Ip-t∂-cw \m-en-\v {]-km-Z Kn-cn-]≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. -a-°ƒ: km-Pp- tPm-k-^v, tam-fn- h¿-Ko-kv, kn-ÿ tPm-fn tPm-k-^v.- a-cp-aI≥: h¿-Ko-kv, sP-kn km-Pp.

am-∂m¿: _p-[-\q¿ ]-Sn™m-‰pw-tN-cn Xm-a-c-ticn¬ I-fo-°¬-ho-´n¬ Icp-Wm-I-c-]-Wn-°¿ (56). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D-®-bv°v c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: km-hn-{Xn. a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv-Ip-am¿ (aw-Kem-]p-cw), I-hn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-\n-X, tam-l\≥.

]p-Xp-°-cn: sIm-®p-]p-cbv-°-em-b Xp-cp-Øn¬ Sn ]n h¿-Ko-kv (Ip-™ptam≥-˛ 53). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v c-≠n\v ]p-Xp-°-cn sk‚ v tkhy-gv-kv ]-≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. `m-cy: tkm-^n-bm-Ω. a°ƒ: tkm-Wn-bm, kn\n, sIm-®p-tam≥.

Zm-tam-Z-c³

{io-[-c³-]n-Å

Xp-d-hq¿: I-f-hw-tIm-Sw sIm-®p-sh-fn-bn¬ Zm-tamZ-c≥ (83). `m-cy: Xp-f-kn. a-°ƒ: D√m-kv, kn-\n-tamƒ, tdmbn, A-ºn-fn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-‘y, {]-Im-i≥, {ioX, jm-Pn.

A-cq¿: ]-≈n-°-c-bn¬ {io-[-c≥-]n-≈ (83). `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Aw-_pPm-£n-b-Ω. a-Iƒ: tUm. tPym-Xn-e£v-an (sk‚ v tPm-k-^v tIm-f-Pv, B-e-∏p-g). a-cpa-I≥: k-Æn.

X-e-h-Sn: K-h. tIm¨-{SmIv-S¿ B-\-{]-ºm¬ B™n-en-aq-´n¬ Nm-t°m (68). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v \m-en-\v B-\{]-ºm¬ sk‚ v ta-co-kv Iv-\m-\m-b ]-≈n- skantØcnbn¬. `m-cy: dm-∂n ta-te-]p-c-bv-°¬ G-en°p-´n. a-°ƒ: _n-\p (akv-°-Øv), _n-t\m (_mw-•q¿), _n-_n≥ (C‰-en). a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-\n-X, lm-\, A-a-e.

]-ßm-h-Xn A-½ Iq-Øp-]d - º - v: tIm-´b - w Im-\Ø - pw-Nn-db - n-se hen-bho-´n¬ ]n sI ]flm-hX - n A-Ω (80). `¿Øm-hv: ]-fl\ - m-`≥

{io-[-c³ Xp-d-hq¿: Ip-Øn-b-tXm-Sv {Km-a-∏-©m-b-Øv F-´mwhm¿-Un¬ ta-t°m-S-Øv {io-[-c≥ (77). `m-cy: k-cf. a-°ƒ: _m-_p, c-tai≥, Zn-t\-i≥, A-P-bIp-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ta-Zn\n, l-Wn, kp-Ip-am-cn, ssj-\n.

tim-`-\ Xp-d-hq¿: h-b-em¿ H-f-Xe hm-kp-\n-hm-kn¬ hnP-b-s‚ `m-cy tim-`-\ (60). a-°ƒ: kn-‘p, I-\-I-Ω, t{]-a, {]n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-a-{¥-≥, dnPn-tam≥, A-Po-jv.

{]m-b-ap-≈ ]n-Sn-bm-\-bpsS B-am-i-b-Øn¬ \n∂p c-≠v In-tem-tbm-fw `m-c-ap-≈ πm-Ãn-Iv Is≠-Øn. πm-Ãn-Iv I-hdp-I-fpw A-eq-an-\n-bw t]-∏-dp-I-fpw Dƒ-s∏-sSbp-≈ am-en-\y-ß-fm-Wv B-\-bp-sS h-b-‰n-ep-≠mbn-cp-∂-Xv. πm-Ãn-Iv D-≈n¬ IpSp-ßn-b-tXm-sS Zl-\-{]{In-b-bn-ep-≠mb XIcm¿aqew ]n-fi-an-Sm≥ I-gn-bm-sX Ip-S¬ s]m´n-b-Xm-Wv N-cn-bm≥ Imc-W-sa-∂m-Wv t]mÃvtam¿-´-Øn¬ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. P-Uw h-\Øn¬X-s∂ a-d-hp-sN-bvXp. N-cn-™ B-\-bpƒs∏-´ Im´m-\-°q-´sØ Xo¿-∞m-S-\ Im-e-Øv Cu {]-tZ-i-Øv ]-e-X-h-

W I-≠n-cp-∂-Xm-bn h-\]m-e-I¿ ]-d-™p. \n-e-°¬ ]m¿-°nMv {Ku-≠n-\p k-ao-]-Øv A-ø-∏-`-‡-¿ D-t]-£n® πm-Ãn-Iv am-ey-\y߃ sI-´n-°n-S-∂n-cp∂p. C-h- \o-°wsN-ø-Wsa-∂v Im-Wn-®v h-\w-hIp-∏v ]-e-X-h-W tZ-hkzw t_m¿-Un-\v t\m-´okv \¬-In-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw \-S-]-Sn-bp-≠m-bn-´n√. ap-ºv Cu `m-K-Øv Ncn-™ B-\-I-fp-sS h-b‰n-epw πm-Ãn-Iv I-s≠Øn-bn-cp-∂p. Iq-Sm-sX C-hn-Sp-sØ πm-Ãv-Iv Iqºm-cw æm-hp-I-ƒ Dƒ-s∏sS-bp-≈ a-‰p Po-hn-I-ƒ°pw `o-j-Wn-bm-hp-sa∂m-Wv h-\w-h-Ip-∏-[nIr-X¿ ]-d-bp-∂-Xv.

ss_-¡v A-]-I-S¯n ssk-\n-I³ a-cn-¨p

_Êpw hm-\pw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bphmhv acn¨p; \m-ept]À-¡v ]-cn-¡v

s]-cn-bmÀ I-Sp-hk-t¦-X-¯n ¹m-Ìn-Iv D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v Im-«m-\ N-cn-ªp Ip-a-fn/I-W-a-e: s]-cnbm¿ I-Sp-hk-t¶-X-Øn\p-≈n-se i-_-cn-a-e h\-ta-J-e-bn¬ πm-Ãn-Iv D-≈n¬-s®-∂v Im-´m-\- Ncn-™p. Xo¿-∞m-S-I¿ Dt]-£n-® πm-Ãn-Iv D≈n¬ sN-∂-Xn-\m-emhmw B-\ -N-cn-™-sX∂m-Wv h-\w-h-Ip-∏n-s‚ \n-K-a-\w. i-\n-bm-gv-N-bm-Wv i_-cn-a-e h-\-ta-J-ebnse h-en-bm-\-h-´w `mK-Øv H-cm-gv-N-tbm-fw ]-g°-ap-≈ Im´m-\-bp-sS PUw h-\-]m-e-I¿ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. tIm-∂n-bn-se h-\w h-Ip-∏v ko-\n-b¿ sh-‰-dn-\-dn Hm-^n-k¿ iio-{μ-tZ-hn-s‚ t\-Xr-XzØnep-≈ kw-Lw \-SØn-b t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´Øn-¬ 40 h-b-t m-fw

Ip-a-c-Iw: sI-´n-Sw ]-Wn°n-S-bn¬ ho-Wv ]-cn-t°‰v sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ Ip-ªp-tam³ G-en-¡p-«n G-en-bm-½ Nn-In-¬-k-bn¬ I-gn-™nXn-cp-h-√: C-c-hn-t]-cq¿ a-√-∏-≈n: ]q-t¶m-´-bn¬ Xn-cp-h-√: Ip-∂-¥m-\w Ip-¥-d-bn¬ Ip-™p-tam- cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. Ip-a]n kn Ip-cy-s‚ `m-cy G- ap-t´-S-Øv s]-\n-tbm-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]m-ÿ Sn ≥ (68). kw-kv-Im-cw Cc-Iw B-im-cn-t»-cn¬ een-bm-Ω Ip-cy≥ (69). kw-kv-Im-cw _p-[-\m-gv-N kn am-Xyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy G- ∂v ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v ho- £w-ho-Sv tIm-f-\n-bn¬ ´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: cm-P-Ω. ]p-Ø≥-]-d-ºn¬ A-Pnen-°p-´n (88). kw-kv-Imcm-hn-se 11\v sN-ß-cq¿ a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, _ncw A-©n-\v cm-hn-se 10sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv Hm¿-Øtam≥ (38) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.μp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-P-tKm\v ap-≠n-b-∏-≈n im-tcmtUm-Iv-kv ]-≈n- skansI-´n-S\n¿-am-W {]]m¬, _nμ p. ¨ k` m ska nt Øc ntØcnbn¬. a-°ƒ: Znh¿-Ø-\-Øn-te¿-s∏-´n-cp-∂ A-Pn ]-Wn-°m-bn sIbn¬. t\-jv, \n-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ´n-b \n-e-bp-sS ap-I-fn¬\n-∂p ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ip-ªn-sIm-«³ So-\, kmw. ho-gv-N-bn¬ Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰v sa-Un-°¬ sN-dp-h-Øq¿: sIm-Ssam-bv-Xo-³ I-¬∏ - ‰ - : \-Kc - k - ` - m ap-≥ °m-Sv B-\n-°m-Sn-bn-se tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ c-≠m-gv-N-bm-bn Nn-In-¬-kdm-t^ aÀ-t¡m-kv - a - m-≥ F ]n l-ao- ]p-Xn-b-h-f-∏n¬ Ip-™n- bn-em-bn-cp-∂ A-Pn C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-cn-°p-I-bmXp-d-hq¿: sh-´-bv-°¬ C- sN-b¿ sIm-´≥ (89). `m-cy: ambn-cp-∂p. eo-\-bm-Wv A-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy. a-°ƒ: BZn-s‚ ]n-Xm-hv A-√n-]d S-h-gn-°¬ dm-t^¬ a¿sam-bvX - o-≥ (75). a-‰p-a° - - Wn-°w. a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b- tcm-a¬, B-c-Xn, B-h-Wn. t°m-kv (82). `m-cy: a-dnW≥ , _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ , - I - p-´n I-ºf - bm-Ω. a-°ƒ: tPm-k-^v, ƒ: l-k≥ hn-iz-\m-Y≥, _n-μp. a-cp°m-Sv, A-–p-¬- e-Øohm-h-°p-´n, tim-im-Ω, ^v, A-–p-¬ d-low , A- a-°ƒ: {]-ao-f, {]-k-∂ Zm-ho-Zv, sP-bnw-kv, sPbnw-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-\n, Uz.F ]n ap-kvX - ^ - , B- (A-[ym-]n-I F.-bp.-]n.F-kv. ssI-X-°m-Sv), kz- ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: ss_-°v s]m-∂-∏≥, A-h-cm-®≥, bn-i I-ºf - ° - m-Sv, km]v-\, Sn hn _m-_p. Pnw-kn, ta-gv-kn, tPm-kn. _n-d ap-´n-¬. sa-‰n¬Iq-\-bn¬ C-Sn-®v ssk-\n-I≥ a-cn-®p. h-≈nt°m-Sv I-S-Øq¿ \-μ-\Øn¬ A-`n-em-jv sI \mb¿ (I-Æ≥-˛ 33) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N cm-{Xn 9.sN-ß-∂q¿: Fw.-kn. tdm-Un¬ sI.-F-kv.-B¿.-Sn.- 30\v hm-g-ap-´w s]m≥-takn. kq-∏¿ ^m-Ãv _ pw hm-\pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v H-cmƒ en ap-cp-∏n-\v k-ao-]-am-bna-cn-®p. \m-ept]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. H-cm-fp-sS \n-e Kp-cp- cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. tdm-U-cn-In-se sa-‰n¬Iq-\-bn¬ X-c-am-Wv. A-kw kz-tZ-in A-–p¬ C-kvemw C- ss_-°v C-Sn-®v sX-dn-®pho-W A-`n-em-jn-s\ B-ip{am≥ (26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. sSw-t]m {Sm-h-e¿ ss{U- ]-{Xn-bn-te-°v sIm-≠p-t]m-hpw h-gn a-cn-®p. sU-dmsF-ip-½ h¿ ta¬-∏m-Sw h-≈-°m-en¬ hm-g-Ø-d-bn¬ {]-k- Uq-Wn¬ \m-bn-Iv B-bn tPm-en sN-øp-∂ B-`n-ems]cp-ºm-hq¿: t]m-™m- ∂≥ (48) B-Wv Kp-cp-X-cm-h-ÿ-bn¬ kz-Im-cy B- jv A-h-[n-°v \m-´n-se-Øn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-kv-Imt»-cn F-e-hpw-Ip-Sn ap-t®- ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ I-gn-bp-∂-Xv. _-kv bm-{X-°m-cm-b cw \-S-Øn. `m-cy: {io-P. a-°ƒ: A-Rv-P-\. A-`n-aØv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-co-Xv tIm-´-bw B-b-∏-d-ºv a-Æp-Ip-t∂¬ tPm-bn am-Xyp \yp.`mcy sF-ip-Ω(99). J-_(57), `m-cy Ip-™-Ω (55), ]m-Ww-Ip-gn ]p-Xp-°p-fdS-°w C∂vv cm-hn-se Øn¬ h¿-Ko-kv (73) F-∂n-h¿-°m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. 11.30\p sN-ºm-c-Øp-IpC-∂-se D-®-bv°v 12.-15\m-bn-cp-∂p ap-f-°p-g ]- sN-dp-tXm-Wn: I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw hm-g-tØm-∏n¬ \n∂v P-am-A-Øv J-_¿©m-b-Øv Im-cym-e-b-Øn-\v ap-∂n¬ A-]-I-Sw \-S- ∂p Im-Wm-Xm-b Kr-l-\m-Y-s\ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-eÿm-\n¬. a-°ƒ: l∂-Xv. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-c-tØ-°p- t]mhp-I-bm-bn-cp∂ bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. t_-_n X-´p-]-d-ºn-¬ (50) B-Wv aΔmD-Ω, ]-tc-Xbm-b JZo-P,Ip-™p-ap-l-ΩZv, _- n¬ F-Xn-tch-∂ \n-c-Ww I-S-{] tXmw-k¨ cn-®-Xv. a-Wn-bm-d≥-Ip-Sn-bv-°-Sp-Øv P-\-hm-k-an-√m]m-Øp-Ω, Aen, a-°m¿- Im-‰-dn-Mv I-º-\n-bp-sS hm-l-\w C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp- Ø ÿ-e-Øm-Wv Xq-ßn-acn® \n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. ]n-≈, B-kn-b,B-an∂p. A-Sq-cn¬ t_-°-dn km-[-\-߃ F-Øn-® ti- _p-[-\m-gv-N- ap-X-¬ t_-_n-sb Im-Wm-\n-√m-bn-cp\,\-_ok. jw Xn-cn-sI a-S-ßp-tºm-gm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. ∂p. C-Sp-°n t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn- kzo-I-cn-®p.¢o-\d - pw Im-‰d - n-Mv I-º\ - n-bn-se sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-amsX-¿-¯n-c bncp∂p C-{am≥. A-]I - S- ÿ-eØ - p acWw kw`-hn\-cn-°p-\n: ]-øS- n-]p-dmbn¬ sX-øØ - n-c (79). `m- s®-¶nepw H-cp a-Wn-°q-dn-e-[n-Iw Ign-™mWv tdm- Xp-d-hq¿: F-gp-]p-∂ sd-bn¬-th tÃ-j-\p sX-°phiw C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® 5.-30\v s{S-bn≥X-´n kv-{Xo- aUn¬ \n∂p am‰n-bXv. cy: k-tcm-Pn-\n. a-°ƒ: t]m-en-kpw ^-b¿-t^m-gvk - pw Bw-_p-e≥-kpw F- cn-®p. Ip-Øn-b-tXm-Sv ]-©m-b-Øv \m-emw-hm¿-Un¬ ao-\m-£n, \m-cm-bW - ≥, - w. ]-cn-t°-‰h - s - c \m- ]-d-b-Im-Sv \m-a-\m-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b hm-kp-tZ-h-s‚ `mth-em-bp-[≥, ]-tc-Xb - m- Øm≥ ssh-Inb-Xm-Wv Im-cW cy `m¿-K-hn(78) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. b Pm-\p. ´p-Im¿ B-ip-]{- Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-®p.

jwkp±o³

a-t\m-l-cn

I√-d: ]m-tßm-Sv Xm-sg ]m-tßm-Sv ]n sI lukn¬ jw-kp±o≥ (79). `mcy: P-ao-em-_ohn. a°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv kmen, \n-km¿, \mk¿, k-hmZv, jw-\mZv, J-Zo-P, j-d-^p∂n-k, \-ko-a. a-cpa°ƒ: Xm-Pp-∂n-k, \_o-kØv, dpao-\ jm-PnX, jo-P, kp-sse-am≥, A-–p¬-d-low, lw-k. J-_-dS-°w Xm-sg ]mtßm-Sv ap-kvenw P-amAØv J_¿ÿm-\n¬ \-S∂p.

h¿-°-e: ]m-f-bw-Ip-∂v hm-f-t°m-Sv cm-Pm k-Z-\Øn¬ tZ-h-cm-P-s‚ `mcy a-t\m-l-cn (60). a°ƒ: _n-Pp, _n-Pn-\n. acp-a-°ƒ: te-J, k-Pn-Ipam¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂pcm-hn-se 9.30\v.

ap-l-½-Zv Iq-fn-am-Sv: Ip-‰n-°p-fw ¢m-tb-cn ap-l-Ω-Zv (60). `m-cy: B-an-\.

]m-¯p-ss½ ^-tdm-°v: I-≈n-sØm-Sn ]-tc-X-\m-b I-f-Øn߬ sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n-bpsS `m-cy ]m-Øp-ssΩ (92). a-°ƒ: Ip-´ym-ap (dnbm-Zv), A-iv-d-^v, J-Zo-P, \-^o-k, B-an-\-°p-´n. acp-a-°ƒ: \q-dp-±o≥, a-Ω-ZvtIm-b, ssk-X-e-hn, kpss_-Z, dw-e. k-tlm-Zc≥: ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-´n.

ho-Sv hm-SIbv-s¡-Sp-¯v s]¬-hm-Wn-`w: A-©p-t]À ]n-Sn-bn tIm-´-bw: ho-Sv hm-S-I-bv-s°-Sp-Øv s]¨-hm-Wn-`w \-S-Øn-h-∂ A-©pt]¿ ]n-Sn-bn¬. c-≠p-t]¿ Hm-Sn c-£-s∏´p. tIm-´-b-w G-‰p-am-\q¿ ]m-tdm-en-°¬ I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]-sØ ho-´n¬ C-∂se t]m-en-kv \-S-Øn-b Xn-c-®n-en-em-Wv kw-ÿm-\-hym-]-I-am-bn s]¨-hm-Wn`w \-S-Øp-∂p-sh-∂v kw-i-bn-°p-∂ kwL-Øn-se I-Æn-Iƒ ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. tIm-´-bw Im-cm-∏p-g hm-g-bn¬ j-ao¿ lp-ssk≥ (25), Im-cm-∏p-g Im-°mw-]-dºn¬ kp-ta-jv (23), sIm-√w ]-Ø-\m-]pcw D-√-e kz-tZ-in-\n D-j (27), s]-cn-ß\m-Sv kz-tZ-in-\n am-b F-∂ A-ºn-fn (35), Nn-ß-h-\w km-bn-∏p-I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]w Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ A-b¿-°p-∂w Xm-fn-°-√v kz-tZ-in-\n A-\p tSm-an (23) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. A-Sq¿ G\m-Øv h-S-°-S-Øp-Im-hv c-Lp-`-h-\n¬ A-Pn-Ip-am¿ (46), Iq-tcm-∏-S kz-tZ-in k-

G-‰p-am-\q¿ ]m-tdm-en-°ense ho-´n¬ \n∂v ]nSn-Iq-Snb s]¨hm-Wn-`-kwLw Pn F-∂n-h¿ Hm-Snc-£-s∏-´p. A-º-n-fn- en-kv kn-hn¬ Hm-^n-k-tdm-Sv ]m-tdm-enbpw c-£-s∏-´ A-Pn-Ip-am-dp-am-Wv s]¨- °-en-se ho-´nse-Øm≥ C-h¿ B-h-iyhm-Wn-`tI-{μ-Øn-s‚ \-S-Øn-∏p-Im¿. s∏-´p. Xp-S¿-∂v C-∂-se D-®-I-gn-™v aB-h-iy-°m¿-°v kv-{Xo-I-sf ]m-tdm-en- ^v-Xn-bn-epw bq-\n-t^m-an-epw F-Øn-b °-en-se hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ F-Øn-®psIm-Sp- t]m-en-kp-Im¿ ho-Sv h-f-™m-Wv kw-L°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-h-cp-sS co-Xn. sØ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. c-≠p-t]¿ ]n≥-h-iPn-√m t]m-en-kv ta-[m-hn-°v H-cm-gv-N sØ hm-Xn-en-eq-sS Hm-Snc-£-s∏-´p. ap-ºv e-`n-® kq-N-\-{]-Im-c-w t]m-en-kv P-\p-h-cn 22\m-Wv A-Pn-Ip-am-dpw A\m-S-Io-b-am-bn C-h-sc h-e-bn¬ ho-gv- ºn-fn-bpw tN¿-∂v ho-Sv hm-S-I-bv-s°-SpØp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-Ã-a-dm-sW-∂v sS- Ø-Xv. ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-h-cn¬ \n-∂p In-´n-b en-t^m-Wn¬ ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-b t]m- U-b-dn-I-fn-epw t\m-´v]m-Up-I-fn-epw kw-

ÿm-\-Øn-s‚ hn-hn-[ `m-K-ß-fn-ep-≈ \q-dpI-W-°n-\mfp-I-fp-sS sS-en-t^m¨ \-º-cp-I-fp-≠v. C-h¿ D-]-tbm-Kn-® km≥-t{Sm Im-dpw Hm-t´m-dn-£-bpw t]men-kv I-Ã-Un-bnse-Sp-Øp. C-h-cn¬ \n∂v H-º-Xv sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wp-Iƒ, c≠v Xn-cn-®-dn-b¬ Im¿-Up-Iƒ, ss{U-hnMv sse-k≥-kv, K¿-`-\n-tcm-[-\ D-d-Iƒ, B‚n ^w-K-kv Kp-fn-I-I-fp-sS I-h-dpIƒ, kn.Un sπ-b¿ Xp-S-ßn-b-h I-s≠Sp-Øp. jq-hn-\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-® 32,000 cq]-bpw j-ao-dn-s‚-bpw A-Pn-Ip-am-dn-s‚bpw ]-gv-kp-I-fn¬ \n-∂v- 11,010 cq-]-bpw t]m-en-kv ]nSn-s®-SpØp. Un-ssh.-F-kv.]n hn -A-Pn-Øv, kn.sF jm-Pp tPm-kv, G-‰p-am-\q¿ Fkv.sF _n≥-kv tPm-k-^v, A-b-¿-Ip∂w F-kv.sF tam-l≥-Zm-kv F-∂n-hcpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ t]men-kmWv {]-Xn-I-sf ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv.

a-[y-h-b-kv-I³ Xq-§n-a-cn-¨p

s{S-bn³X-«n a-cn-¨p

X-«n kp-\n tPm-jn: Ip-ä-]-{Xw s{Sbn³ a-cn-¨p k-aÀ-¸n-¡m³ k-a-bw \yq-U¬-ln: \n-c-h-[n `o-I-cm{I-a-W-t°-kp-I-fn-se {]-Xnbpw B¿.-F-kv.-F-kv. {]-Nm-c-I\p-am-bn-cp-∂ kp-\n¬ tPm-jnbp-sS sIm-e-]m-X-I-Øn¬ Ip-‰]-{Xw k-a¿-∏n-°m≥ F≥.-sF.F. k-a-bw tX-Sn. Ip-‰-]-{Xw ka¿-∏n-°m≥ B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥m-eb-Øn-s‚ A-\p-a-Xn-°m-bn ImØn- c n- ° p- I - b m- s W- ∂ m- W v F≥.-sF.-F. tIm-S-Xn-sb A-dnbn-®-Xv. kp-\n¬ tPm-jn-sb sIm-∂ kw-L-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂ Zn-eo]v P-Kv-Xm-]v, cm-tP-{μ Nu-[-cn F-∂n-h-cp-am-bn _n.-sP.-]n. bph-P-\-hn-`m-K-am-b bp-h-tam¿-®bp-sS t\-Xm-hv Pn-tX-{μ-i¿-a \-

S-Øn-b sS-en-t^m¨ kw-`m-jW-߃ ]-cn-tim-[n-®p-h-cp-Ibm-sW-∂pw F≥.-sF.-F. tImS-Xn-sb A-dn-bn-®p. a-[y-{]-tZin-se au-hn¬-\n-∂v c-≠p-amkw ap-ºm-Wv Pn-tX-{μ-i¿-a-sb F≥.-sF.-F. A-d-Ãv sN-bv-X-Xv. Zn-eo-]v P-Kv-Xm-]n-\v sIm-e-bv-°v D-]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ tXm-°v \¬In-b-Xv i¿-a-bm-Wv. Xp-S¿-∂v Cu am-kw 13 h-sc F≥.-sF.-F°v tIm-S-Xn k-a-bw \¬-In. k∂ym-kn-\n {]-⁄m-kn-Mv Tm°q-dn-s\-Xn-tc hy-‡-am-b sXfn-hp-s≠-∂pw A-h¿-s°-Xn-cmb tI-kv C-√m-Xm-hn-s√-∂pw F≥.-sF.-F. A-`n-`m-j-I≥ ]d-™p.

Xn-cq¿: s{Sbn≥ X-´n bp-hmhv a-cn-®p. A-∂m-c tXm-d-∏-dºn¬ A-–p-√-bp-sS a-I≥ A-–p∂m-k¿ (38) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v aqt∂m-sS Xn-cq¿ sd-bn¬-th kv-t‰-j-\v sX-°p-h-i-Øv Pn-√m sa-Un-°¬ kv-t‰m-dn\p k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]I-Sw. Xn-cq-cn-se X-d-hm-´p ho´n¬-\n-∂p ]m-fw ap-dn-®pI-S°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Kp-Uv-kv s{Sbv-\n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. arX-tZ-lw Xn-cq¿ Pn-√m B-ip]-{Xn- tam¿-®-dn-bn¬. t]mkv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw C∂p _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn-´psIm-Sp-°pw. A-hn-hm-ln-X\m-Wv. k-tlm-Z-c≥: jm-Pn.


8

thÀ-]mSv

KANNUR

3 s^{_p-h-cn 2014 Xn¶ƒ

jmÀ-P-bn Im-d-]-I-S-w; ]-cn-t¡-ä X-f-¦-c kz-tZ-in a-cn-¨p sam-bv-Xo-³

Ip-ªn-sIm-«³

cw-K-\m-b-In

ImÀ-Xym-b-\n

Kw-Km-[-c³

a-dn-bw

IamÂ

ap-l-½-Zv Jm-en-_v

I-¬-∏-‰: \-K-c-k-`m ap≥ sN-b-¿-am-≥ F ]n l-ao-Zn-s‚ ]n-Xm-hv A√n-]-d sam-bv-Xo-≥ (75). a-‰p-a-°-ƒ: l-k-≥-Ip-´n I-º-f-°m-Sv, A-–p-¬e-Øo-^v, A-–p-¬ dlow (hym-]m-cn), AUz.F ]n ap-kv-X-^, B-bn-i I-º-f-°m-Sv, km-_n-d ap-´n-¬. a-cp-a°-ƒ: d-kn-b, ap-l-Ω-Zv I-º-f-°m-Sv, \-ko-a- dn∏¨, \u-jn-Z ap-´n-¬, k-do-\ Ip-´-aw-K-ew, B-en ap-´n-¬. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 9.30\v I-¬-∏-‰ ssaXm-\n-]-≈n J-_-¿ÿm-\n-¬.

sN-dp-h-Øq¿: sIm-S-°mSv B-\n-°m-Sn-bn-se ]pXn-b-h-f-∏n¬ Ip-™nsIm-´≥ (89). `m-cy: amWn-°w. a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bW≥ (J-Ø¿), _m-e-Irjv-W≥ (A-[ym-]-I≥ Pn.-bp.-]n.-F-kv, slm-kvZp¿-Kv I-S-∏p-dw), hn-iz-\mY≥ (J-Ø¿), _n-μp. acp-a-°ƒ: {]-ao-f, {]-k-∂ (A-[ym-]n-I F. -bp. ]n. -F-kv ssI-X-°m-Sv), kz-]v-\, Sn hn _m-_p. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-cmb Nn-cn, Ip-™-ºp, ]mdp, A-∏p.

I-∂n-am-cn: tNm-W-Ωhm-c-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-Øp-kzm-an Iu-≠-cpsS `m-cy cw-K-\m-b-In (91). a-°ƒ: X-¶-th-ep, tPym-Xn-th-ep, in-hm-\μ≥, I-\-I-a-Wn. a-cp-aI≥: B-dp-ap-Jw.

ap-g-∏n-e-ßm-Sv: Ip-fw_km¿ I-S-hp tdm-Un¬ hm-Wn-b≥ h-f-∏n¬ s\tøm-Øv Im¿-Xym-b-\n (74). `¿-Øm-hv: tKm-]me≥. a-°ƒ: cm-Po-h≥, k-Po-h≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _o-\, cm-P-{io.

\m-bv-°-´n: Hm-S-s°m-√n A-_q-_-°-dn-s‚ `m-cy adn-bw (70). a-°ƒ: A-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n, A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-ko-_ \mbv-°-´n, j-lo-d ]p¬-∏≈n.

]-¡À

A-½p A-½

]-ø-∂q¿: a-lm-tZ-h {Km-a-Øn-se am-[-hn\nhm-kn¬ Iq-h Kw-Km-[c≥ (66). `m-cy: Sn Sn hn ]-Xvan-\n. a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, jo-_, jo-P, cm-Pp. a-cpa-°ƒ: k-hn-X, jo-Pp (tI-c-fm-Iu-ap-Zn, sIm®n), Pn-Pp.

apt≠cn: kn hn lukn¬ ]-d-t°m-´v Iam¬ (80). `m-cy: I-Zo-kp-Ω. a°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^ (-{]-hmkn- eo-Kv ]-©m-b-Øv J-Pm-©n), ju-°-Øen, A-^v-k-Øv, \-_okp.

X-e-t»-cn: tN-‰w-Ip-∂v \m-bw-ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv Jm-en-_v (49). ]-tc-X\m-b X-e-t»-cn ap-\n-kn∏¬ ap≥ sN-b¿-am≥ kn Sn D-a¿Ip-´n-bp-sS aI-\m-Wv. `m-cy: ]n sI hn ko-\-Øv. a-°ƒ: ^ko¬ A-lv-kw, kmln¬, l-\m≥, A-Zn-b. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v kv-t‰-Un-bw Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

]-ßm-h-Xn A-½ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: tIm-´bw Im-\-Øpw-Nn-d-bnse h-en-bho-´n¬ ]n sI ]-flm-h-Xn A-Ω (80). `¿-Øm-hv: ]n hn ]-fl-\m-`≥ \m-b¿. a°ƒ: Ip-™-\-¥≥, N{μ-ti-J-c≥, D-j. a-cp-a°ƒ: tl-a, ]-hn-{X≥.

C-cn-´n: ]-g-b _kvÃm≥-Un-se an¬-am _q-Øn-\v k-ao-]w I-®h-Sw \-S-Øp-∂ C-cn-´n t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j-\v kao-]w Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ sI ]-°¿ (56) Ip-g™pho-Wv a-cn-®p. `mcy: P-ao-e. a-°ƒ: \uA-_q-_-¡À sIm-t≠m-´n: t]m-Øp-sh- ^¬, B-_n-Zv. k-tlm´n-∏m-d ]p-fn-b-t°m-S≥ A- Z-c-߃: \m-k¿, ap_q-_-°¿ (45). `m-cy: P- \o¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, lw-k, ao-e. a-°ƒ: Pm-knw, P-kv- l-k≥, A-bq-_v, ^me. Øn-a, B-kn-b.

ap-l-½-Zp-tIm-b am-tØm-´w: h-en-bI - Ø - v ap-lΩ - Z- p-tIm-b (sh-∏v) (60). `m-cy: P-ao-e. a-°ƒ: k-_o-lv, k¿-Pm-kv, kao¿, k¿-ko-Zv.

kp-µ-c³ s]m-∂m-\n: ]p-g-{ºw tXm-cw-]-d-ºn¬ kp-μc≥ (67). `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn\n. a-I≥: kp-[o¿. a-cp-aIƒ: Pn-j.

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: a-º-d-Øn\-p k-ao-]w ]-Sn-™m‰mw ap-dn-bn-se sN-dn-bmº-n-em-´p ]p-Ø≥ ]p-cbn¬ kn ]n A-Ωp- AΩ (92). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b A-Nyp-X≥. a°ƒ: ]-fln-\n, {io-[c≥, e-£v-an-°p-´n, I-aem-£n, cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥, Ko-X, k-Xy≥. acp-a-°ƒ: e-Xn, Zm-tam-Zc≥, kn Zm-tam-Z-c≥, kptc-jv, cm-[m-e-£v-an, ]tc-X-\m-b Ir-jv-W≥.

Ir-j-vW³ Iq-fn-am-Sv: sh-≈-e-t»-cn ]-cp-Øn-∏m-d Ir-jv-W≥ (35). `m-cy: im-¥. a-°ƒ: A-Yo≥ Ir-jv-W≥, AXp¬Ir-jv-W≥.

a-¯m-bn C-cn-´n: I-cn-t°m-´-°-cn Su-Wn-se hym-]m-cn Hmen-°¬ a-Øm-bn (82). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b CuØ-Ω. a-°ƒ: t_-_n, Ip-´n-®≥, X-¶-Ω, tPmkv, tPm¿-Pv, k-Pn, enkn, sP-bv-k¨. a-cp-a°ƒ: en-kn, sP-kn, A∏-®≥, an-\n, ^n-sb, kPp, Pn-jn.

\m-Wp Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sN-dp-hmt©-cn-bn-se s\-t√-cn®m¬ sh-≈n-tem-´v \mWp (58). `m-cy: I-a-e. a°ƒ: c-ta-iv, k-t¥mjv, k-μo-]v. a-cp-a-Iƒ: jn-Pn-\.

X-¦w th-ß-c: ]-d-∏q¿ C-cn-ß√q¿ I-√-°-bw Ip-dn™n-°m-´n¬ Ip-™≥ ssh-Zy-cp-sS `m-cy X-¶w (77). a-°ƒ: cm-Pn, cmP≥, _m-_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Kw-Km-[-c≥, C-μp, _nμp.

lw-k

]-ø-∂q¿: s]-cp-º ss_-]m-kv tdm-Un-se ]m-d-Ω¬ lmw-k (69). Ip-™n-aw-K-ew kz-tZin-bm-Wv. sI.Fw.kn.kn ]-ø∂q¿ a-fi-ew I-Ωn-‰nap-l-½-Zm-Pn Aw-Kw, s]-cp-º im]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: Nn-d-aw-K-e- Jm ap-kv-enw eo-Kv IsØ \-cn-tIm-S≥ ap-l-Ω- Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw F-∂o \nZm-Pn (94). `m-cy-am¿: \e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn^o-k, ]m-Øp-Ωp. a-°ƒ: ®ph-cn-I-bm-Wv. `m-cy: C-{_m-low, A-–p¬ Assk-\-_. ko-kv, A-–p-∂m-k¿, a-°ƒ: ssk-\p-±o≥, ssk-X-e-hn, ^m-Øn-a, \m-k¿ (C-cp-h-cpw kvssk-\-_, kp-ss_-Z, _p-jv-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: t]m- ssI tKmƒ-Uv ]m¿-´v°¿, ssk-X-e-hn, A-_q- W¿-am¿), k-°o-\, d_-°¿, lm-dq¨ d-jo-Zv, jo-Z, d-ko-\. a-cp-akp-ss_-Z, B-bn-im-_n, °ƒ: \-Po-_v, A-–pk-°o-\, B-bn-i. √, \n-bm-kv.

J-Zo-P I-cp-h≥-Xn-cp-Øn: sImS-te-cn-Ω¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-t≠m-fn A-–p-¿-dlvam≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P (60). a-°ƒ: I-ΩZv, jm-ln-Z, ^n-tdm-kv.

Im-fn ^-tdm-°v: ]p-s‰-°m-Sv hm-f-°-S Im-fn (84). ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-∏p-°p´≥, Ip-´≥, A-∏p, _me-Ir-jv-W≥, am-fp-°p´n, ]-tc-X-cm-b A-Ωp°p-´n, C-ºn-®p-´n.

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv : jm¿-Pbn¬ Im-d-]-IS-Øn¬ ]cn-t°-‰v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn- I n¬- k - b n- e m- b n- c p- ∂ X-f-¶-c kz-tZ-in a-cn-®p. Xf-¶-c sN-´pw-Ip-gn ss_Øp¬ ssj-Jm i-co-^nse A-_q-_-°-dmWv (47) a-cn-®-Xv.I-gn-™ Xn-¶-fm-gv-N jm¿-P A¬ Jm-kn-an-ø B-ip-]-{Xn-°v ap-∂n-ep-≠mb A-]-I-S-Øn-em-Wv A-_q-_-°-dn-\v Kp-cp-X-c-ambn ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. I-S-bn¬ t]m-hm≥ Im¿ ]m¿-°v sNbv-Xv tUm¿ A-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS H-cp A-d-_n ]u-c≥ Hm-Sn-®ph-∂ Im¿ C-Sn-®p sX-dn-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. jm¿-P-bn-se kn.-sF.-Un D-tZym-K-ÿ-s‚ ho´n¬ 23 h¿-j-am-bn ss{U-h-dm-bn tPm-ensN-bv-Xp hcn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-_q-_-°¿. X-f-¶-c-bn-se ]-tc-Xcm-b A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿-˛-_o-^m-Øn-a Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS aI-\m-Wv. `m-cy: _p-jv-d. a-°ƒ: ssj-Jm i-co-^v, AIv-_¿, X-aow (aq-h-cpw kv-Iqƒ hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ). ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿, l-\o-^, P-eo¬ (Ccp-h-cpw jm¿-P), a-dn-bw, B-an-\, an-kv-cn-b, lm-P-d.

\m-epam-kw ap-¼v Im-Wm-Xm-b Hm-t«m ss{U-h-dp-sS A-Øn-Iq-Sw I-s−-¯n

D-∏-f: \m-epam-kw ap-ºv Im-Wm-Xm-b Hm-t´m ss{Uh-dp-tS-sX-∂p I-cp-Xp-∂ A-ÿn-Iq-Sw I-s≠-Øn. sIm-S-e-ap-K-dp-hn-se i-c-Xn(24)t‚-Xm-WnsX∂v _‘p-°ƒ Xn-cn-®-dn-™p. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS ssZtKm-fn-bn-se sIm-S-e-ap-K-dp Ip-∂n¬ `m-K-Øv k-ao]hm-kn-I-fm-Wv A-ÿn-Iq-Sw I-≠-Xv. k-ao-]w Is≠-Ønb sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wpw sN-cn-∏pw icØn-t‚-Xm-sW∂v _-‘p-°ƒ ÿnco-I-cn®p. Xp-S¿∂v t]m-en-kn¬- ]-cm-Xn \¬-Ip-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

am-Xm-hn-\pw a-¡Ä-¡pw s]m-Å-te-äp: NnInÂkbn-en-cns¡ C-f-b-a-I³ a-cn-¨p Im-fn-Im-hv: a-sÆ-Æhn-f]m-¯p-ss½

A-dp-ap-J³ -

sX-¿-¯n-c

G-en-bm-½

^-tdm-°v: I-≈n-sØm-Sn ]-tc-X-\m-b I-f-Øn߬ sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n-bpsS `m-cy ]m-Øp-ssΩ (92). a-°ƒ: Ip-´ym-ap (dnbm-Zv), A-iv-d-^v, J-Zo-P, \-^o-k, B-an-\-°p-´n. acp-a-°ƒ: \q-dp-±o≥, a-ΩZv-tIm-b, ssk-X-e-hn, kp-ss_-Z, dw-e. k-tlmZ-c≥: ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-´n.

hm-g-°m-Sv: ap-≥ Kzm-fntbm¿ d-tbm¨-kv Po-h\-°m-c-\pw t{Km bq-\nb≥ tPm. sk-{I-´-dn-bpam-bn-cp-∂ ap-≠p-ap-gn sNdp-h-´q¿ N-°p-߬ kn A-dp-ap-J≥ (71). `m-cy: k-Xn. a-°ƒ: i-lv\, in_v\, i-iv-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Kn-co-jv _m-_p, jm-Pn, {io-Pn-Øv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: l-cn-Zm-k≥, i-in[-c≥, ]m¿-h-Xn, k-tcmPn-\n, e-fn-X, kp-tem-N\, Kw-K.

\-cn-°p-\n: ]-ø-Sn-]p-dmbn¬ sX-ø-Øn-c (79). `mcy: k-tcm-Pn-\n. a-°ƒ: ao\m-£n, \m-cm-b-W≥, them-bp-[≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b Pm-\p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-_p, Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n, e-X, \nj. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tcX-\m-b ]p-Xn-bm-≠n. k©-b-\w _p-[-\mgvN.

\n-e-ºq¿: Nm-en-bm¿ {Kma-∏-©m-b-Øv ap≥ {]-knU‚ v C-Sn-h-Æ-bn-se t]mƒ C-©-\m-en-s‚ `mcy G-en-bm-Ω t]mƒ (71). a-°ƒ: en-kmt_-_n s]cp-hn¬, s_-∂n t]mƒ, _n-t\m-bn t]mƒ, am-Xyqkv t]mƒ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: dmWn, \n-j, ]-tc-X-\m-b t_-_n s]-cp-hn¬.

ap-l-½-Zv Iq-fn-am-Sv: Ip-‰n-°p-fw ¢m-tb-cn ap-l-Ω-Zv (60). `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: Pm-_n-Zv, A-–p- -emw (Zp-_-bv), i-ao¿ (kuZn), kp-ss_-Z. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p- -emw, dpJv-km-\, im-^n-\.

]-c-ta-iz-c³ Ip-º-f-ßn:s]-cp-º-S-∏v Nm-º-°¬- ]-c-ta-izc≥(72). `m-cy:Ip-º-fßn Rm-h-en-¶¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw ssh-P-b-¥n. a°ƒ:jo-e, jo-_, joP, jn-en≥,]m¿-Δ-Xn. acp-a-°ƒ:l-cn, km-_p, tl-a.

Hm-a-\ B-b-h-\:a-S-Øm-´v ]-tcX-\m-b tam-l-\-s‚ `mcy Hm-a-\(55). ]-tc-X amdm-Sn A-¥ym-f-Øn¬ IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 9\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: Zo]p,c-X-o-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kv-an-X, A-l-ey.

cm-a-Zm-kv N-h-d: \o-≠-I-c ]pØ≥-Xp-d sIm-®p-]o-Sn-Ibn¬(]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ Xd-bn¬) sI cm-a-Zmkv(68). `m-cy: k-c-bq-tZhn.

B-en-t¡m-b

I-Æt- ©-cn: I-Xy-kw-ho´n¬ B-en-t°m-b (83). `m-cy: Im-´n¬-ho-´n¬ Cºn-®n. a-°ƒ: A-lΩ - Z- v (Z-Ωmw), \m-k¿ (Ip-sshØv), ap-lΩ - Z- v lm-jnw (F-Ivk - n ^q-´vt- h¿), C-kvlm-Jv (Zp-_b - v), B-an-\_n (Ip-ssh-Øv), lm-Pd - . a-cp-a° - ƒ: sIm-im-\n-ho´n¬ D-Ω¿-tIm-b (IpJ-Zo-P ssh-Øv), ]p-Xn-bI - Ø - v B-ep-h: Xp-cp-Øv ]-cn-bm- ssd-lm-\-¯v k-°c - n-b, _-bm-cw-hoc-Øv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b I-°-´n¬: ]m-Xn-cn-∏-‰ ´n¬ l-^vk - , ]-≈n-°ap-lΩ - Z- n-s‚ (dn-´.F-kv.- sh-¶-ep-≈-X-d-bn-se ]- ≠n-bn¬ k-^n-b, H-Pn‚_n.-Sn _m-¶v)`m-cy J-Zo- Sn-™m-sd ]-d-º-Øv kq- I-Øv \m-Zn-b, I-Sm-°e P(87). B-ep-h ]q-tIm∏n-bp-sS a-Iƒ ssd-lm-\- Iw tkm-\. ´n¬ th-g∏ - n-≈n Ip-SpwØv (21). `¿-Øm-hv: AX-¦w _mw-Ka - m-Wv.a-°ƒ:-APv\m-kv (sXm-´n¬-∏mh-S-°m-t©-cn: Nm-en–p-¬ k-emw(dn-´.Few). am-Xm-hv: B-bn-i. a- °p-∂v ho-´n¬- X-¶w(64). kv._n.-Sn)-, A-–p-√(AIƒ: ss^-l ^m-Øn-a I≥: \n-Jn¬-Zm-kv. a-cp°u-≠‚ - v), A-–p¬ l- (F-´p- am-kw). k-tlm-Z- aa-Iƒ: [-\y. ao-Zv, A-–p-¬ P-∫m¿cn-am¿; km-Pn-Z, k-ao-d. (ku-Zn),^m-Øn-a_ - ocmP³ hn,sF-jm-_o-hn, k-_q-d s]m¶³ t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n: A-a-cm_o-hn, kp-sse-J _o-hn, _m-e-cm-a-]pcw: I√nh-Xn A-¥n-°m-Sv dw-em _o-hn. a-cp-a° - ƒ:]- bq¿ s]-cnß-Ω-e imcmP≥(76). a-°ƒ:kp-a co-Xv ]n-≈,- C-ka v- m-bn¬, ¥m k-Z-\-Øn¬ s]mk-J-dn-b,^n-en-∏v cmA-–p¬ a-Po-Zv, A-–p¬ ∂≥ (95). P≥, do-\,A-P-bv cm-Pv P-eo¬, A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿, `m-cy: C-μn-c. A-¥n-°m-Sv. a-cp-a_o-^m-Øn-a, sF-j, k- a°ƒ: im-¥-I-p-am-cn, °ƒ:_m-_p, t{K-kn, eo-\, apw-Xm-kv. iym-a-f-Ip-amcn. _n-Pp, Pn-b.

\m-cm-b-W³ \-¼q-Xn-cn

{]-`m-I-c ]n-jm-tcm-Sn

D-½À lm-Pn

Xn-cq¿: sX-°pw-ºm-´v a-\°¬ \m-cm-b-W≥ \-ºqXn-cn (83). Zo¿-L-Im-ew aw-K-ew hn-t√-Pv Hm-^n-kdm-bncp-∂p. aw-K-ew a-lm in-h-t£-{Xw {S-Ãn-bmbncp∂ Ct±lw Xm-b-ºI Xp-S-ßn-b t£-{XI-eI-fn¬ hn-Z-Kv-[-\m-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: B-cym-tZ-hn-. a°ƒ: kp-[o-i≥, kp-\n¬Ip-am¿, kp-Pn-ØvIp-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-tZ-hn A¥¿-P-\w, [-\y, b-ap-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X\m-b Sn -Fw Ir-jv-W≥ \ºq-Xn-cn (dn-´. sl-Uv-amÿ hn.-hn.-bp.-]n.F-kv. tN-∂-c), ]-tc-X-bm-b tZh-In A-¥¿-P-\w, kp-{_“-Wy≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn (dn-´. sU-]yq-´n No-^v F-≥Pn\o-b¿ sI.-F-kv.-C.-_n).

s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: Im-f-IWv-tT-iz-c ]n-jm-c-Øv {]-`m-I-c ]n-jm-tcm-Sn(82). `m-cy: ]n ]n \m-cmb-Wn°p-´n (dn-´. am-t\P¿, A¿-_≥ _m-¶v, s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ). a-°ƒ: ]n ]n k-Xy-\m-cm-bW≥, ap-c-fn Ir-jv-W≥ (hn-P-b t_-¶v, sImt≠m-´n), tZ-h-In (A[ym-]n-I, Pn.bp.]n.Fkv ]m-ßv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: an-\n (]n.F-®v.kn.sN-Ωe-t»-cn), th-Wp-tKm-]me≥ (Pn.F¬.]n.Fkv.]p-em-t»-cn). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v 12\v sjm¿Wq¿ im-¥n Xo-c-Øv.

s]-cn-º-ew: s]m-‰-Ω¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Iq-cn-aÆn¬ ap-t≠m-´p-a-Æn¬ _m-∏p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ DΩ¿ lm-Pn (58). am-Xmhv: ^m-Xn-a. `m-cy: ^mXn-a-m kp-lv-d. a-°ƒ: Pkvv-\, P-ko-\, Pp-ssa-e, P-ko-e, D-a¿ ap-‡m¿ _m-Zv-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: djo-Zv (Pn-±), \-Po-_v (a°), \u-^¬ _m-_p (Pn-±), Pw-jo¿ jm-^n (Pn-±). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ip-™m≥, ^m-Xn-a, Bbn-i, ssa-aq-\.

_m-e-N-{µ³

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: A-√-{] I-c-h-´v ]m-™n-bv-°¬_m-ep-t»-cn: F-c-aw-K-ew ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b inh-i-¶-c-]n-≈ a-I≥ _mh-S-s° tIm-a-Øv ]-Ire-N-{μ≥(N-{μ≥-˛62) Ip-´n (85). a-°ƒ: \-^ok, kp-ss_-Z, I-Zo-i-°p- lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw-aq-ew a´n, ap-l-Ω-Zv A-en, kpcn-®p. `m-cy: e-fn-X-Ip-amPo¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp, cn. a-°ƒ:_n-μp, a-[p, Ca-Ω-Xv-tIm-b, A-–p¬ a- μp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-cn,\nPo-Zv, j-°o-e. j, {]-ho-¨.

]-Ir-Ip-«n

A-Ðp Im-ZnÀ am-ÌÀ ]m-h-d-´n: a-cp-X-bq¿ ]pfn-®m-dw ho-´n¬ ]m-{X am-Ω-Xv a-I-\pw ap-kvenw-eo-Kv ]m-h-d-´n ]©m-b-Øv ap≥ P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-d-n-bp-am-b A–p¬ Im-Zn¿ amÿ(74). `m-cy: kp-ldm-_n. a-°ƒ: I-_o¿, P-eo¬, d-kn-b, sk-bv^p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sj-°oe, Pm-kv-an≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-j-d-^v.

tIm-b-¡p-«n

D-a-dp A-Iv-_
N-{µ³

]m-em-gn: ]-tc-X-\m-b F-S-°-≠n ss\-\m≥-Ip´n-bp-sS a-I≥ tIm-b-°p´n (49). `m-cy: dp-Jv-km-\. am-Xmhv: ]m-Øp-ssΩ. a-°ƒ: dm-jn-Jv, d-ko-Jv, d-lokv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: _mh, B-ss®, B-an-\, ssk-\, \-_o-k, sk-do\, ko-\-Øv, dw-kn-e.

\-cn-°p-\n: ]p-√m-fq¿ ]pØ≥-]p-c-°¬ A-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS a-I≥ ta-∏-c∏n¬ D-a-dp¬ A-Iv-_¿ (33). am-Xm-hv: B-an-\-°p-´n, `m-cy: j-_o-\ (ap-dn-b\m¬). a-°ƒ: l-bm ^m-Xzn-a, Aw-\ an-b. ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-Pv-a¬, Pw-jo-\, dp-Jv-km-\.

I-®³

tKm-]n-\m-Y³

i-io-{µ³

Ip-ªm-bn³-Ip-«n- lm-Pn

Ip-ªn-tam³ lm-Pn

cm-a-]p-cw: ]m-Xn-c-a-Æ-bnse aw-K-e-Øn¬ Ip-´≥ F-gp-Ø-—-s‚ a-I≥ N{μ≥ (60). am-Xm-hv: ]m-dp°p-´n-b-Ω. `m-cy: ]-Xv-an\n. a-°ƒ: ssj-e-P, h\-P, Xp-f-kn, jn-t\m-Pv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip™≥, Ip-™p-e-£v-an, \m-cm-b-W≥, tZ-h-In.

]-tøm-fn: sIm-fm-hn-∏mew Iq-S-Øm-g I-Æ≥ (85). `m-cy: \m-cm-b-Wn. a°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, Zm-k≥, Zn-t\-i≥, kt¥m-jv (Ip-sshØv), ]tc-X-\m-b i-in. a-cp-a°ƒ: I-a-e, t{]-a, t{]an, k-Pn-\, an-\n. k-©-b\w sNm-ΔmgvN.

sIm-√-t¶m-Sv: kn.Sn. ]m-fbw ]-tc-X-\m-b F F-kv Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n- a-μm-Sn-bmcp-sS a-I≥ F sI tKm-]n\m-Y≥ (45). `m-cy: t__n. a-°ƒ: c¨-Pn-Xv, cmlp¬. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: l-cn-Zm-kv, {]-Im-i≥, IÆ≥, k-Xo-jv, N-{μn-I, t_-_n, D-j,{io-P.

\-cn-°p-\n: ]m-e-ßm-Sv Nm-ep-I-≠n-bn¬ i-io{μ≥ (55). `m-cy: X-¶-aWn. a-°ƒ: l-cn-{]n-b, hn-jv-Wp-{]n-b. k-tlm-Zc-߃: im-¥-Ip-am-cn, km-hn-{Xn, k-Xy-{h-X≥, kp-io-e, c-Xv-\m-I-c≥, A-ar-X-Ip-am-cn, ]-tc-Xbm-b k-tcm-Pn-\n-A-Ω. k-©-b-\w hym-gmgvN.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: Xn-cp-hßq¿ In-g-s° Ip-∂m-SØv sF sI Ip-™mbn≥-Ip-´n lm-Pn (85). a°ƒ: ^m-Xzn-a, P-ao-e, kp-sse-J (_n.Fkv.F≥.F¬), ^u-knb. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-ent°m-b, sam-bv-Xo≥, A–p¿-d-lv-am≥, ap-l-ΩZvtIm-b (]q-°m-Sv).

N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: am-¥-Sw Ip-dp-∏n-s‚-Sn-°¬ Ip™n-tam≥ lm-Pn (_pJm-cn-˛68). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: e-Øo-^v, kpsse-J, sk-ao-d, kp-a-bØv, ko-\-Øv, j-l-\, lw-Z-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \q¿P-lm≥, e-Øo-^v, bq-k^v, A-iv-d-^v, \m-k¿, \ko¿, ^n-tdm-kv.

hn-im-em-£nb-½

I-eym-Wn-b-½

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W³

tIm-b-¡p-«n

A-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n-

`m-kv-I-c³ -\m-bÀ

]-c-ta-iz-c³ -\m-bÀ

Ip-ªn-¡-®³

A-co-t°m-Sv: In-gn-t»-cn ]p-√t- ©-cn Im-cm-b I-Ωp°n¬ hn-im-em-£nb-Ω (92). a-°ƒ: tKm-]m-eI - rjvW - ≥, ]-tc-X\ - m-b tiJ-c≥, Ip-™p-e£ - va - n, kp-`{- Z, I-cp-Wm-Ic - ≥.

_m-ep-t»-cn: D-≈n-tb-cn Ip-∂m-S≥ I-≠n I-eymWn-b-Ω (88). a-°ƒ: i¶-c≥ \m-b¿, ]-flm-hXn, _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, tim-`-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cmP≥ \m-b¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b am-[-h≥-\m-b¿.

I-Sn-b-ßm-Sv: Iq-Øm-fn ]p\-Øn¬ Ip-™n-t°-tfmØv tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ (55).`m-cy: A-\n-X. a-°ƒ: A-Jn-te-jv, A-\n-te-jv, A-`n-te-jv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: hm-kp, {]-Zo-]v, ktcm-Pn-\n, Ip-™n-cm-a≥.

]m-em-gn: F-S° - ≠ - nC sI tIm-b° - p-´n (49). `mcy: dp-Jvk - m-\. a-°ƒ: dmkn-Jv, d-ko-Jv, d-ln-kv. ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: t]m-°d - men, B-an-\, k-do-\, dw-jne, B-s®-bv, ko-\Ø - v, ssk-\_ - , \-_o-k.

Ip-dp-h: ao-\m¿-Ip-gn cm-bn∏-d-ºn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b ap√-∏-≈n Xm-g-tØ-Xn¬ DÆo≥ F-∂ C-∏p-hn-s‚ aI≥ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (Ip´ym-∏p˛85). `m-cy: Ip-™mØp-´n. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬Jm-Z¿, ap-l-Ω-Z-en.

h-fm-t©-cn: C-cn-ºn-fn-bw a-t¶-cn I-Æ-i≥ -ho-´n¬ `m-kv-I-c≥ \m-b¿ (70). `m-cy: B-\-μ-e-£v-an. a°ƒ: {]-ao-f, {]-Im-iv. a-cpa-I≥: k-Zm-in-h≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: N-{μ-a-Xn, k-c-kz-Xn, hn-em-kn-\n.

F-S-∏mƒ: I-≠-\-Iw ]d-∏q-cv h-en-b-ho-´n¬ ]-cta-iz-c-≥- \m-b¿ (85). `m-cy: tZ-h-In-b-Ω. a°ƒ: i-in-Ip-am¿, tKm]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-‘y, {io-P.

Nn-‰m-cn-∏-d-ºv: h-ÆmØn-aq-e h-en-b-]-d-ºØv ho-´n¬ s]m-∂-ºØv Ip-™n-°-Æ≥ (79). `m-cy: im-c-Z. a-°ƒ: bp k-l-tZ-h-\v-U, N-{μ≥, hn-\o-X, ]-tc-X-bm-b N{μn-I.

ho-Sv hm-SIbv-s¡-Sp-¯v s]¬-hm-Wn-`w: A-©p-t]À ]n-Sn-bn tIm-´-bw: ho-Sv hm-S-I-bv-s°-Sp-Øv s]¨-hm-Wn-`w \-S-Øn-h-∂ A-©pt]¿ ]n-Sn-bn¬. c-≠p-t]¿ Hm-Sn c-£-s∏´p. tIm-´-b-w G-‰p-am-\q¿ ]m-tdm-en-°¬ I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]-sØ ho-´n¬ C-∂se t]m-en-kv \-S-Øn-b Xn-c-®n-en-em-Wv kw-ÿm-\-hym-]-I-am-bn s]¨-hm-Wn`w \-S-Øp-∂p-sh-∂v kw-i-bn-°p-∂ kwL-Øn-se I-Æn-Iƒ ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. tIm-´-bw Im-cm-∏p-g hm-g-bn¬ j-ao¿ lp-ssk≥ (25), Im-cm-∏p-g Im-°mw-]-dºn¬ kp-ta-jv (23), sIm-√w ]-Ø-\m-]pcw D-√-e kz-tZ-in-\n D-j (27), s]-cn-ß\m-Sv kz-tZ-in-\n am-b F-∂ A-ºn-fn (35), Nn-ß-h-\w km-bn-∏p-I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]w Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ A-b¿-°p-∂w Xm-fn-°-√v kz-tZ-in-\n A-\p tSm-an (23) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. A-Sq¿ G\m-Øv h-S-°-S-Øp-Im-hv c-Lp-`-h-\n¬ A-Pn-Ip-am¿ (46), Iq-tcm-∏-S kz-tZ-in k-

G-‰p-am-\q¿ ]m-tdm-en-°ense ho-´n¬ \n∂v ]nSn-Iq-Snb s]¨hm-Wn-`-kwLw Pn F-∂n-h¿ Hm-Snc-£-s∏-´p. A-º-n-fn- en-kv kn-hn¬ Hm-^n-k-tdm-Sv ]m-tdm-enbpw c-£-s∏-´ A-Pn-Ip-am-dp-am-Wv s]¨- °-en-se ho-´nse-Øm≥ C-h¿ B-h-iyhm-Wn-`tI-{μ-Øn-s‚ \-S-Øn-∏p-Im¿. s∏-´p. Xp-S¿-∂v C-∂-se D-®-I-gn-™v aB-h-iy-°m¿-°v kv-{Xo-I-sf ]m-tdm-en- ^v-Xn-bn-epw bq-\n-t^m-an-epw F-Øn-b °-en-se hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ F-Øn-®psIm-Sp- t]m-en-kp-Im¿ ho-Sv h-f-™m-Wv kw-L°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-h-cp-sS co-Xn. sØ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. c-≠p-t]¿ ]n≥-h-iPn-√m t]m-en-kv ta-[m-hn-°v H-cm-gv-N sØ hm-Xn-en-eq-sS Hm-Snc-£-s∏-´p. ap-ºv e-`n-® kq-N-\-{]-Im-c-w t]m-en-kv P-\p-h-cn 22\m-Wv A-Pn-Ip-am-dpw A\m-S-Io-b-am-bn C-h-sc h-e-bn¬ ho-gv- ºn-fn-bpw tN¿-∂v ho-Sv hm-S-I-bv-s°-SpØp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-Ã-a-dm-sW-∂v sS- Ø-Xv. ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-h-cn¬ \n-∂p In-´n-b en-t^m-Wn¬ ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-b t]m- U-b-dn-I-fn-epw t\m-´v]m-Up-I-fn-epw kw-

ÿm-\-Øn-s‚ hn-hn-[ `m-K-ß-fn-ep-≈ \q-dpI-W-°n-\mfp-I-fp-sS sS-en-t^m¨ \-º-cp-I-fp-≠v. C-h¿ D-]-tbm-Kn-® km≥-t{Sm Im-dpw Hm-t´m-dn-£-bpw t]men-kv I-Ã-Un-bnse-Sp-Øp. C-h-cn¬ \n∂v H-º-Xv sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wp-Iƒ, c≠v Xn-cn-®-dn-b¬ Im¿-Up-Iƒ, ss{U-hnMv sse-k≥-kv, K¿-`-\n-tcm-[-\ D-d-Iƒ, B‚n ^w-K-kv Kp-fn-I-I-fp-sS I-h-dpIƒ, kn.Un sπ-b¿ Xp-S-ßn-b-h I-s≠Sp-Øp. jq-hn-\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-® 32,000 cq]-bpw j-ao-dn-s‚-bpw A-Pn-Ip-am-dn-s‚bpw ]-gv-kp-I-fn¬ \n-∂v- 11,010 cq-]-bpw t]m-en-kv ]nSn-s®-SpØp. Un-ssh.-F-kv.]n hn -A-Pn-Øv, kn.sF jm-Pp tPm-kv, G-‰p-am-\q¿ Fkv.sF _n≥-kv tPm-k-^v, A-b-¿-Ip∂w F-kv.sF tam-l≥-Zm-kv F-∂n-hcpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ t]men-kmWv {]-Xn-I-sf ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv.

°n¬-\n-∂v Xo-]-S¿-∂v amXm-hn-\pw aq-∂p- a-°ƒ°pw s]m-≈-te-‰ kw-`-hØn¬ C-f-b-a-I≥ a-cn-®p. A-º-e-°-S-hv t]-hp-¥-dbn-se hm-S-bn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zns‚ `m-cy ssa-aq-\ (47), a°-fm-b dn-bm-kv (27), i-co^v (25), X-kv-co-^v (19) F∂n-h¿-°m-Wv s]m-≈-te-‰-Xv. C-f-b-a-I≥ X-kvco-^v C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fPnem-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ am-kw 27\v cm-{Xn G-g-c-tbm-sS-bmbncp∂p kw-`-hw. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn s]m-≈-te-‰ X-kvco-^pw dn-bm-kpw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-epw ssa-aq-\bpw i-co-^pw h-≠q-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bnep-am-Wv Nn-In¬-k tX-Sn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. I-Øn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂ hn-f-°n¬ ssa-aq-\ a-sÆÆ H-gn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS I-∂m-kn¬ \n-∂v h-kv-{X-Ønte-°p a-sÆ-Æ tNm¿-∂v Xo B-fn-°-Øp-I-bm-bncp-∂p. am-Xm-hn-s\ c-£n-°m-\p-≈ {i-a-Øn-\n-sS-bmWv a-°ƒ-°pw s]m-≈-te-‰-Xv. a-dn-™p-ho-W a-sÆÆ-∏m-{X-Øn¬-\n-∂v H-gp-In-b a-sÆ-Æ-bn-epw Xo]S¿∂v A-Sp-°-f ]m-sS I-Øn-\nin-®n-cp∂p. _l-fwtI-´v Hm-Sn-sb-Øn-b ]n-Xm-hv ap-l-Ω-Zm-Wv \mep-t]-sc-bpw ]p-d-sØ-Øn-®-Xv. Hm-Sn-°q-Sn-b A-b¬hm-kn-I-ƒ Xo-b-W-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p. t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw h≥-P\m-h-en-bp-sS km-∂n-[y-Øn¬ ]-≈n-t»-cn J-_¿ÿm-\n¬ a-dh - psN-bvX - p.

s{Sbn³ X-«n a-cn-¨p

Xn-cq¿: s{Sbn≥ X-´n bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. A-∂m-c tXm-d∏-d-ºn¬ A-–p-√-bp-sS a-I≥ A-–p∂m-k¿ (38) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v aq-t∂m-sS Xn-cq¿ sd-bn¬-th kv-t‰-j-\v sX-°p-h-i-Øv Pn-√m sa-Un°¬ kv-t‰m-dn-\p k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Xn-cq-cn-se X-d-hm-´p ho-´n¬-\n-∂p ]m-fw ap-dn®pI-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Kp-Uv-kv s{S-bv-\n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cq¿ Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn- tam¿-®dn-bn¬. t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw C-∂p _-‘p°ƒ-°p hn-´p-sIm-Sp-°pw. A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv. ktlm-Z-c≥: jm-Pn.

_Êpw hm-\pw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bphmhv acn¨p; \m-ept]À-¡v ]-cn-¡v

sN-ß-∂q¿: Fw.-kn. tdm-Un¬ sI.-F-kv.-B¿.-Sn.kn. kq-∏¿ ^m-Ãv _ pw hm-\pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v H-cmƒ a-cn-®p. \m-ept]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. H-cm-fp-sS \n-e Kpcp-X-c-am-Wv. A-kw kz-tZ-in A-–p¬ C-kvemw C{am≥ (26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. sSw-t]m {Sm-h-e¿ ss{Uh¿ ta¬-∏m-Sw h-≈-°m-en¬ hm-g-Ø-d-bn¬ {]-k∂≥ (48) B-Wv Kp-cp-X-cm-h-ÿ-bn¬ kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ I-gn-bp-∂-Xv. _-kv bm-{X-°m-cm-b tIm-´-bw B-b-∏-d-ºv a-Æp-Ip-t∂¬ tPm-bn am-Xyp (57), `m-cy Ip-™-Ω (55), ]m-Ww-Ip-gn ]p-Xp-°p-fØn¬ h¿-Ko-kv (73) F-∂n-h¿-°m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv°v 12.-15\m-bn-cp-∂p ap-f-°p-g ]©m-b-Øv Im-cym-e-b-Øn-\v ap-∂n¬ A-]-I-Sw \-S∂-Xv. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-c-tØ-°p- t]mhp-I-bm-bn-cp∂ _- n¬ F-Xn-tch-∂ \n-c-Ww I-S-{] tXmw-k¨ Im-‰-dn-Mv I-º-\n-bp-sS hm-l-\w C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. A-Sq-cn¬ t_-°-dn km-[-\-߃ F-Øn-® tijw Xn-cn-sI a-S-ßp-tºm-gm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. ¢o-\d - pw Im-‰d - n-Mv I-º\ - n-bn-se sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-ambncp∂p C-{am≥. A-]I - S- ÿ-eØ - p acWw kw`-hns®-¶nepw H-cp a-Wn-°q-dn-e-[n-Iw Ign-™mWv tdmUn¬ \n∂p am‰n-bXv. t]m-en-kpw ^-b¿-t^m-gvk - pw Bw-_p-e≥-kpw F-Øm≥ ssh-Inb-Xm-Wv Im-cW - w. ]-cn-t°-‰h - s - c \m-´p-Im¿ B-ip-]{- Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-®p.

_-Ên-Sn-¨p a-cn-¨p

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: tdm-Uv ap-dn-®pI-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Im¬-\-S-bm-{XnI≥ _- n-Sn-®p a-cn-®p. I-Æq¿ i-¶-cs\-√q¿ sN-´ym¿-]-d-ºn-se c-hn(60)bm-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Znhkw ]m-h-a-Wn tdm-Un-em-Wv A]-ISw.

s]-cn-bmÀ I-Sp-hk-t¦-X-¯n ¹m-Ìn-Iv D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v Im-«m-\ N-cn-ªp Ip-a-fn/I-W-a-e: s]-cn-bm¿ ISp-hk-t¶-X-Øn-\p-≈n-se i_-cn-a-e h-\-ta-J-e-bn¬ πm-ÃnIv D-≈n¬-s®-∂v Im-´m-\- N-cn™p. Xo¿-∞m-S-I¿ D-t]-£n-® πm-Ãn-Iv D-≈n¬ sN-∂-Xn-\mem-hmw B-\ -N-cn-™-sX-∂mWv h-\w-h-Ip-∏n-s‚ \n-K-a-\w. i-\n-bm-gv-N-bm-Wv i-_-cn-ae h-\-ta-J-e-bnse h-en-bm-\h-´w `m-K-Øv H-cm-gv-N-tbm-fw ]g-°-ap-≈ Im´m-\-bp-sS P-Uw h-\-]m-e-I¿ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. tIm-∂n-bn-se h-\w h-Ip-∏v ko\n-b¿ sh-‰-dn-\-dn Hm-^n-k¿ iio-{μ-tZ-hn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep≈ kw-Lw \-S-Øn-b t]m-kv-‰vtam¿-´-Øn-¬ 40 h-b-t m-fw

{]m-b-ap-≈ ]n-Sn-bm-\-bp-sS Bam-i-b-Øn¬ \n-∂p c-≠v Intem-tbm-fw `m-c-ap-≈ πm-Ãn-Iv I-s≠-Øn. πm-Ãn-Iv I-h-dp-Ifpw A-eq-an-\n-bw t]-∏-dp-I-fpw Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ am-en-\y-ß-fmWv B-\-bp-sS h-b-‰n-ep-≠m-bncp-∂-Xv. πm-Ãn-Iv D-≈n¬ Ip-Spßn-b-tXm-sS Zl-\-{]-{In-b-bnep-≠mb XI-cm¿aqew ]n-fian-Sm≥ I-gn-bm-sX Ip-S¬ s]m´n-b-Xm-Wv N-cn-bm≥ Im-c-W-sa∂m-Wv t]m-Ãvtam¿-´-Øn¬ Is≠-Øn-b-Xv. P-Uw h-\Øn¬X-s∂ a-d-hp-sN-bv-Xp. Ncn-™ B-\-bpƒ-s∏-´ Im´m-\°q-´sØ Xo¿-∞m-S-\ Im-eØv Cu {]-tZ-i-Øv ]-e-X-h-W

I-≠n-cp-∂-Xm-bn h-\-]m-e-I¿ ]-d-™p. \n-e-°¬ ]m¿-°nMv {Ku≠n-\p k-ao-]-Øv A-ø-∏-`-‡-¿ D-t]-£n-® πm-Ãn-Iv am-ey-\y߃ sI-´n-°n-S-∂n-cp-∂p. C-h\o-°wsN-ø-W-sa-∂v Im-Wn-®v h-\w-h-Ip-∏v ]-e-X-h-W tZ-hkzw t_m¿-Un-\v t\m-´o-kv \¬In-bn-cp-s∂-¶n-epw \-S-]-Sn-bp≠m-bn-´n-√. ap-ºv Cu `m-K-Øv N-cn-™ B-\-I-fp-sS h-b-‰nepw πm-Ãn-Iv I-s≠-Øn-bn-cp∂p. Iq-Sm-sX C-hn-Sp-sØ πmÃv-Iv Iq-ºm-cw æm-hp-I-ƒ Dƒs∏-sS-bp-≈ a-‰p Po-hn-I-ƒ-°pw `o-j-Wn-bm-hp-sa-∂m-Wv h-\wh-Ip-∏-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-d-bp-∂-Xv.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

3 -s^-{_phcn 2014 Xn¶ƒ

sI-«n-Sw ]-Wn-¡n-S-bn ho-Wv ]-cn-t¡-ä sXmgnemfn acn¨p ImÀ-Xym-b-\n

tPm-k-^v

Nm-t¡m

I-cp-Wm-I-c-]-Wn-¡À

hÀ-Ko-kv

G-en-bm-½

G-en-¡p-«n

Ip-ªp-tam³

Ip-a-c-Iw: C-S-®m-en¬ (Ip-gn-th-en-]-d-ºn¬) ]tc-X-\m-b tI-i-h-s‚ `mcy Im¿-Xym-b-\n (89). a-°ƒ: Ip-´-∏≥ (hn-iz\m-Y≥), im-¥-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Hm-a-\ (F-kv.-sI.--Fw.F-®v.F -- -kv), _me-N-{μ≥ (tI-c-f t]m-enkv). -kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 3\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.-

h-cn-°mw-Ip-∂: I-f-Øn∏-d-ºv tPm-k-^v(72).`m-cy: A-∂-Ω.- kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v ssh-Ip-t∂-cw \m-en-\v {]-km-Z Kn-cn-]≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. -a-°ƒ: km-Pp- tPm-k-^v, tam-fn- h¿-Ko-kv, kn-ÿ tPm-fn tPm-k-^v.- a-cp-aI≥: h¿-Ko-kv, sP-kn km-Pp.

am-∂m¿: _p-[-\q¿ ]-Sn™m-‰pw-tN-cn Xm-a-c-ticn¬ I-fo-°¬-ho-´n¬ Icp-Wm-I-c-]-Wn-°¿ (56). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D-®-bv°v c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: km-hn-{Xn. a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv-Ip-am¿ (aw-Kem-]p-cw), I-hn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-\n-X, tam-l\≥.

]p-Xp-°-cn: sIm-®p-]p-cbv-°-em-b Xp-cp-Øn¬ Sn ]n h¿-Ko-kv (Ip-™ptam≥-˛ 53). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v c-≠n\v ]p-Xp-°-cn sk‚ v tkhy-gv-kv ]-≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. `m-cy: tkm-^n-bm-Ω. a°ƒ: tkm-Wn-bm, kn\n, sIm-®p-tam≥.

a-√-∏-≈n: ]q-t¶m-´-bn¬ ]n kn Ip-cy-s‚ `m-cy Gen-bm-Ω Ip-cy≥ (69). kw-kv-Im-cw _p-[-\m-gv-N cm-hn-se 11\v sN-ß-cq¿ sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv Hm¿-ØtUm-Iv-kv ]-≈n- skantØcnbn¬. a-°ƒ: Znt\-jv, \n-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: So-\, kmw.

Xn-cp-h-√: Ip-∂-¥m-\w ap-t´-S-Øv s]-\n-tbm-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]m-ÿ Sn kn am-Xyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy Gen-°p-´n (88). kw-kv-Imcw A-©n-\v cm-hn-se 10\v ap-≠n-b-∏-≈n im-tcm¨ k-`m sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬.

Xn-cp-h-√: C-c-hn-t]-cq¿ Ip-¥-d-bn¬ Ip-™p-tam≥ (68). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: cm-P-Ω. a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, _nμp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-P-tKm]m¬, _n-μp.

sam-bv-Xo-³

Zm-tam-Z-c³

dm-t^Â aÀ-t¡m-kv

{io-[-c³-]n-Å A-cq¿: ]-≈n-°-c-bn¬ {io-[-c≥-]n-≈ (83). `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Aw-_pPm-£n-b-Ω. a-Iƒ: tUm. tPym-Xn-e£v-an (sk‚ v tPm-k-^v tIm-f-Pv, B-e-∏p-g). a-cpa-I≥: k-Æn.

Iq-Øp-]d - º - v: tIm-´b - w Im-\Ø - pw-Nn-db - n-se hen-bho-´n¬ ]n sI ]flm-hX - n A-Ω (80). `¿Øm-hv: ]-fl\ - m-`≥

Xp-d-hq¿: Ip-Øn-b-tXm-Sv {Km-a-∏-©m-b-Øv F-´mwhm¿-Un¬ ta-t°m-S-Øv {io-[-c≥ (77). `m-cy: k-cf. a-°ƒ: _m-_p, c-tai≥, Zn-t\-i≥, A-P-bIp-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ta-Zn\n, l-Wn, kp-Ip-am-cn, ssj-\n.

tim-`-\

Xp-d-hq¿: I-f-hw-tIm-Sw sIm-®p-sh-fn-bn¬ Zm-tamZ-c≥ (83). `m-cy: Xp-f-kn. a-°ƒ: D√m-kv, kn-\n-tamƒ, tdmbn, A-ºn-fn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-‘y, {]-Im-i≥, {ioX, jm-Pn.

X-e-h-Sn: K-h. tIm¨-{SmIv-S¿ B-\-{]-ºm¬ B™n-en-aq-´n¬ Nm-t°m (68). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v \m-en-\v B-\{]-ºm¬ sk‚ v ta-co-kv Iv-\m-\m-b ]-≈n- skantØcnbn¬. `m-cy: dm-∂n ta-te-]p-c-bv-°¬ G-en°p-´n. a-°ƒ: _n-\p (akv-°-Øv), _n-t\m (_mw-•q¿), _n-_n≥ (C‰-en). a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-\n-X, lm-\, A-a-e.

Xp-d-hq¿: h-b-em¿ H-f-Xe hm-kp-\n-hm-kn¬ hnP-b-s‚ `m-cy tim-`-\ (60). a-°ƒ: kn-‘p, I-\-I-Ω, t{]-a, {]n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-a-{¥-≥, dnPn-tam≥, A-Po-jv.

Xp-d-hq¿: sh-´-bv-°¬ CS-h-gn-°¬ dm-t^¬ a¿t°m-kv (82). `m-cy: a-dnbm-Ω. a-°ƒ: tPm-k-^v, hm-h-°p-´n, tim-im-Ω, Zm-ho-Zv, sP-bnw-kv, sPbnw-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-\n, s]m-∂-∏≥, A-h-cm-®≥, Pnw-kn, ta-gv-kn, tPm-kn.

I-¬∏ - ‰ - : \-Kc - k - ` - m ap-≥ sN-b¿ - a - m-≥ F ]n l-aoZn-s‚ ]n-Xm-hv A-√n-]d sam-bvX - o-≥ (75). a-‰p-a° - ƒ: l-k≥ - I - p-´n I-ºf - °m-Sv, A-–p-¬- e-Øo^v, A-–p-¬ d-low , AUz.F ]n ap-kvX - ^ - , Bbn-i I-ºf - ° - m-Sv, km_n-d ap-´n-¬.

sN-dp-h-Øq¿: sIm-S°m-Sv B-\n-°m-Sn-bn-se ]p-Xn-b-h-f-∏n¬ Ip-™nsIm-´≥ (89). `m-cy: amWn-°w. a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bW≥ , _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ , hn-iz-\m-Y≥, _n-μp. a-cpa-°ƒ: {]-ao-f, {]-k-∂ (A-[ym-]n-I F.-bp.-]n.F-kv. ssI-X-°m-Sv), kz]v-\, Sn hn _m-_p.

Ip-«n-b-½

`-hm-\n-b-½

Nm-¯³

Aw-_p-Pm-£n-b-½

dn-t_-¡-

jm-\-hm-kv

ap-l-½-Zv

I-eym-W-Ir-jv-W³

Xn-cp-h-√: s]-cn-ß-c hme-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Irjv-W-∏n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy Ip-´n-b-Ω (96). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v s]cn-ß-c ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

tIm-X-aw-K-ew: cm-a-√q¿ I-cn-ß-g Xp-S-\m¬ (Ip∂p-tΩ¬) ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy `-hm-\n-b-Ω(82). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse 11\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥ \m-b¿, in-h≥, Ip-am-cn, cm-P≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: km-en, kn‘p, i-in-Ip-am¿, {io-Ie.-

{io-aq-e-\-K-cw: {io-`q-X]p-cw ]m-d-∏p-d-Øv ho-´n¬ Nm-Ø≥ (77).- kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn.- `m-cy: Imfn. a-°ƒ: l-cn-Zm-kv, joe, Aw-_n-I, Ip-am-cn. acp-a-°ƒ: k-cn-X, kp-{_“-Wy≥, hn-t\m-Zv, _m_p.

]-d-hq¿: s]-cp-hm-cw t]m´-bn¬ a-[p-\n-hm-kn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b A¿-Pp-\≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Aw-_pPm-£nb-Ω(88).- kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: kp-io-e, th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, Aw-_n-Im tZ-hn, tkm-a-ti-J-c≥, cm-P-tiJ-c≥, I-a-ew, hn-P-b-Ipam¿, a-[p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-cta-iz-c≥ \m-b¿, tim-`\, th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, an\n, A-Rv-P-en, ]-¶-Pm£≥ ]n-≈, P-b-{io, Zo]v-Xn.-

Iq-Øm-´p-Ip-fw: Nm-en-®t_m-¥-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb A-{_-lm-an-s‚ `m-cy dn-t_-° A-{_-lmw (87). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hnse 10\v h-S-I-c sk‚ v tPm¨-kv bm-t°m-_m-b ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]-tc-X tIm-°p-t∂¬ IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: h¬-k, ta-cn, ]-tc-X-bmb tPm-bv-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h¿-Ko-kv ]m-e-∏p-dw, Xºn, X-ºn Ip-∂p-tΩ¬.-

H-°¬: s\-Sp-ßm-´p-Ip-Sn ho-´n¬ a-c-bv-°m-dn-s‚ aI≥ jm-\-hm-kv (jm-\p˛45). am-Xm-hv: J-Zo-P. ktlm-Z-c≥: A≥-h¿.-

]-√m-cn-aw-K-ew: ap-Ip-tf¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv (90). J-_-d-S°w C-∂p-cm-hn-se 10\v ]-√m-cn-aw-K-ew Pp-am-a-kvPn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b J-Zo-P. a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv jm-^n, \q-dp-±o≥, jm-P-lm≥, kp-ss_-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: dpJn-b, kp-sse-J, B-an\, C-kv-am-bn¬.-

B-e-ßm-Sv: dn-´.- ]n.U_yp.-Un. F≥-Pn-\o-b-¿ tIm-´-∏p-dw s]-cp-t¥m-´Øv C-√-Øv ({io-h¬kw) I-eym-W Ir-jv-W≥(72). -kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p -cm-hn-se 9.-30\v s]-cpt¥m-´-Øv X-d-hm-Sv h-f∏n¬. {Km-tPz-‰v F≥-Pn\o-tb-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j≥ kw-ÿm-\ P-\d¬ sk-{I-´n B-e-ßm-Sv sI.C.Fw. ssl-kv-Iqƒ am-t\-P¿, {io-Ir-jv-W-]pcw k-¥m-\-tKm-]m-e aq¿Øo t£-{Xw {S-Ãv am-t\P¿, B-e-ßm-Sv tbm-Kw {io-[¿-a im-kv-Xm `-‡P-\-kw-Lw ÿm-]-I {]kn-U‚ v F-∂o \n-e-Ifn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: Kn-cn-P (dn-´. A[ym-]n-I sI.-C.-Fw.-F®v.-F-kv). a-°ƒ: D-am-i¶¿ (imkv{X-⁄≥,Ata-cn-°), A-Uz. -{io-h¬k-Ir-jv-W≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-Rv-Pp-e-£v-an, c-Rv-Pn\n.

]-¡À C-cn-´n: ]-g-b _kvÃm≥-Un-se an¬-am _q-Øn-\v k-ao-]w I-®h-Sw \-S-Øp-∂ C-cn-´n t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j-\v kao-]w Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ sI ]-°¿ (56) Ip-g-™phoWv a-cn-®p. `m-cy: P-ao-e. a-°ƒ: \u-^¬, B-_nZv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \mk¿, ap-\o¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, lw-k, l-k≥, A-bq_v, ^m-Øn-a, B-kn-b.

]-ßm-h-Xn A-½

Kw-Km-[-c³

ssh-∏n-≥:- ]p-Xp-ssh-∏vtIm-®≥-ap-°v- I-f-Øn-∏d-ºn¬- B‚-Wn- (79)-.-kw-kv-Im-cw- \-S-Øn. `mcy-: t_-_n. a-°ƒ-: tamfn,- tPm-Wn,- tPm-fn. a-cp-a°ƒ-: B‚-Wn,- jo-_.--

]-ø-∂q¿: a-lm-tZ-h {Km-a-Øn-se am-[-hn\nhm-kn¬ Iq-h Kw-Km-[c≥ (66). `m-cy: Sn Sn hn ]-Xvan-\n. a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, jo-_, jo-P, cm-Pp. a-cpa-°ƒ: k-hn-X, jo-Pp (tI-c-fm-Iu-ap-Zn, sIm®n), Pn-Pp.

A-en-bmÀ-

kp-Ip-am-c³

{_-“-]p-cw: ]m-S-Øn-°c am-{X-°m-´v ho-´n¬ JmZ¿ a-I≥ A-en-bm¿(86). J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn. `mcy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: kp-ld, A-–p¬e-Øo-^v, A–p¬P-am¬, j-_v-\. acp-a-°ƒ: d-low, P-∫m¿, A≥-km¿-_o-Kw, P-ko-d.-

ssh-∏n≥: -F-f-¶p-∂-∏p-g a-c-ßm-´p-Ø-d ho-´n¬ kp-Ip-am-c≥(82).-- `-- m-cy: kp-tem-N-\. -a-°ƒ: {ioP≥,-{io-e≥,- Kn-co-jv,{io-e-P,-a-cp-a-°ƒ: en-k, -cm-Pn, tim-`n, -kp-\n-¬.-

a-¯m-bn C-cn-´n: I-cn-t°m-´-°-cn Su-Wn-se hym-]m-cn Hmen-°¬ a-Øm-bn (82). `m-cy: Cu-Ø-Ω. a-°ƒ: t_-_n, Ip-´n-®≥, X-¶Ω, tPm-kv, tPm¿-Pv, kPn, en-kn, sP-bv-k¨. acp-a-°ƒ: en-kn, sP-kn, A-∏-®≥, an-\n, ^n-sb, k-Pp, Pn-jn.

Bâ-Wn-

a-dn-bw \m-bv° - ´- n: Hm-S-s°m-√n A-_q-_-°-dn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bw (70). a-°ƒ: Al-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, A-–p¬ aPo-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-ko_, j-lo-d .

X-¦w th-ßc - : I-√° - b - w Ipdn-™n-°m-´n¬ Ip™≥ ssh-Zy-cp-sS `m-cy X-¶w(77).

{io-[-c³

{]m-b-ap-≈ ]n-Sn-bm-\-bpsS B-am-i-b-Øn¬ \n∂p c-≠v In-tem-tbm-fw `m-c-ap-≈ πm-Ãn-Iv Is≠-Øn. πm-Ãn-Iv I-hdp-I-fpw A-eq-an-\n-bw t]-∏-dp-I-fpw Dƒ-s∏-sSbp-≈ am-en-\y-ß-fm-Wv B-\-bp-sS h-b-‰n-ep-≠mbn-cp-∂-Xv. πm-Ãn-Iv D-≈n¬ IpSp-ßn-b-tXm-sS Zl-\-{]{In-b-bn-ep-≠mb XIcm¿aqew ]n-fi-an-Sm≥ I-gn-bm-sX Ip-S¬ s]m´n-b-Xm-Wv N-cn-bm≥ Imc-W-sa-∂m-Wv t]mÃvtam¿-´-Øn¬ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. P-Uw h-\Øn¬X-s∂ a-d-hp-sN-bvXp. N-cn-™ B-\-bpƒs∏-´ Im´m-\-°q-´sØ Xo¿-∞m-S-\ Im-e-Øv Cu {]-tZ-i-Øv ]-e-X-h-

ap-g-∏n-e-ßm-Sv: Ip-fw_km¿ I-S-hp tdm-Un¬ hm-Wn-b≥ h-f-∏n¬ s\tøm-Øv Im¿-Xym-b-\n (74). `¿-Øm-hv: tKm-]me≥. a-°ƒ: cm-Po-h≥, k-Po-h≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _o-\, cm-P-{io.

cw-K-\m-b-In

A-½p A-½

sIm-t≠m-´n: t]m-Øpsh-´n-∏m-d ]p-fn-b-t°mS≥ A-_q-_-°¿ (45).

s]m-∂m-\n: ]p-g-{ºw tXm-cw-]-d-ºn¬ kp-μc≥ (67). `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn\n. a-I≥: kp-[o¿. a-cp-aIƒ: Pn-j.

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: ]-Sn-™m‰mw ap-dn-bn-se ]p-Ø≥ ]p-c-bn¬ kn ]n A-ΩpA-Ω (92).

I-∂n-am-cn: tNm-W-Ωhm-c-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-Øp-kzm-an Iu-≠-cpsS `m-cy cw-K-\m-b-In (91). a-°ƒ: X-¶-th-ep, tPym-Xn-th-ep, in-hm-\μ≥, I-\-I-a-Wn. a-cp-aI≥: B-dp-ap-Jw.

[-\-Rv-P-b³

A-½n-Wn

s]m-¶-½-

X-¦-¨³

in-h-Zm-k³ ]n-Å

sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: B-\m-∏pg I-√p-]-d-ºn¬ [-\-Rv-Pb≥(72). `m-cy: e-fn-X. a°ƒ: [-t\-jv, [-\y, _njn¬.-

sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: B-\m-∏pg hm-en-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Km-k≥ `m-cy AΩn-Wn(75). a-°ƒ: _m_p, kp-\n¬, hm-k-¥n, jo-\.-

]-c-hq¿-:- s]m-gn-°-c- inhm-\-μ- `-h-\n¬- ]-tc-X\m-b- in-hm-\-μ-s‚- `m-cys]m-∂-Ω- (55)-. a-°ƒ-:- _n-μp- (sd-bn¬th,- Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw-),hn-t\m-Zv,- a-t\m-Pv.a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿- (U¬-ln- t]m-en-kv),- c-P-\n,- P-b-¥n.-

Hm-bq¿: ]q-b-∏-≈n ta-te∏p-c-bn¬ kn X-¶®≥(72). `m-cy: eo-em-Ω. a-°ƒ: A-Pp, A-Rv-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\p, sd-Pn.

sIm-√w: X-e-hq¿ Iq-cm h-b-W-°m-e ]-Sn-™m-‰Xn¬ _n in-h-Zm-k≥-]n≈(56). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v ssh-Io-´v \m-en-\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: _n D-jm-Ip-am-cn. a°ƒ: Pn-jm cm-Po-hv, PnXn≥-Ip-am-¿. a-cp-a-I≥: sI cm-Po-hv.

ap-l-½-Zm-Pn ]-c∏ - \ - ß - m-Sn: Nn-d-aw-K-esØ \-cn-tIm-S≥ ap-l-ΩZm-Pn (94). `m-cy-am¿: \^o-k, ]m-Øp-Ωp. a°ƒ: C-{_m-low, A–p¬ A-ko-kv, A-–p∂m-k¿, ssk-X-e-hn, ^m-Øn-a, ssk-\-_, kpss_-Z, _p-jv-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: t]m-°¿, ssk-X-ehn, A-_q-_-°¿, lmdq¨ d-jo-Zv, kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-im-_n, k-°o-\, B-bn-i.

A-_q-_-¡À

Iam apt≠cn: kn hn lukn¬ ]-d-t°m-´v I-am¬ (80). `m-cy: I-Zo-kp-Ω. a°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^ , ju°-Ø-en, A-^v-k-Øv, \-_o-kp.

lw-k ]-ø-∂q¿: s]-cp-º ss_-]m-kv tdm-Un-se ]m-d-Ω¬ lmw-k (69). Ip-™n-aw-K-ew kz-tZ-inbm-Wv.

kp-µ-c³

ao-\m-£n-A-½ Im-h-\m-Sv: i-‡n-Ip-f-ßc I-∂n-ta¬-tN-cn-bn¬ B-\-μ `-h-\n¬ sI ao\m-£n-A-Ω(74). a-°ƒ: B-\-μ-`m-bn, hnP-b≥-]n-≈, cm-[m-Ir-jvW-]n-≈. a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-Xn-I, Ko-XmIp-am-cn.

W I-≠n-cp-∂-Xm-bn h-\]m-e-I¿ ]-d-™p. \n-e-°¬ ]m¿-°nMv {Ku-≠n-\p k-ao-]-Øv A-ø-∏-`-‡-¿ D-t]-£n® πm-Ãn-Iv am-ey-\y߃ sI-´n-°n-S-∂n-cp∂p. C-h- \o-°wsN-ø-Wsa-∂v Im-Wn-®v h-\w-hIp-∏v ]-e-X-h-W tZ-hkzw t_m¿-Un-\v t\m-´okv \¬-In-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw \-S-]-Sn-bp-≠m-bn-´n√. ap-ºv Cu `m-K-Øv Ncn-™ B-\-I-fp-sS h-b‰n-epw πm-Ãn-Iv I-s≠Øn-bn-cp-∂p. Iq-Sm-sX C-hn-Sp-sØ πm-Ãv-Iv Iqºm-cw æm-hp-I-ƒ Dƒ-s∏sS-bp-≈ a-‰p Po-hn-I-ƒ°pw `o-j-Wn-bm-hp-sa∂m-Wv h-\w-h-Ip-∏-[nIr-X¿ ]-d-bp-∂-Xv.

]-¦-Pm-£n-b-½ N-h-d: ]-∑-\ ]-\-b∂m¿-Im-hv Im-cm-fn-Ip-fØv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-c-taiz-c≥ ]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy ]-¶-Pm-£n-A-Ω(80). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b taml-\≥ ]n-≈, im-¥-Ipam-cn, h-k-¥-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-in-[-c-°p-dp∏v, kp-\n-¬Ip-am¿.

J-Zo-P I-cp-h≥-Xn-cp-Øn: sImS-te-cn-Ω¬ A-–p-¿-dlvam≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P (60). a-°ƒ: I-ΩZv, jm-ln-Z, ^n-tdm-kv.

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: ss_-°v sa-‰n¬Iq-\-bn¬ C-Sn-®v ssk-\n-I≥ a-cn-®p. h-≈nt°m-Sv I-S-Øq¿ \-μ-\Øn¬ A-`n-em-jv sI \mb¿ (I-Æ≥-˛ 33) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N cm-{Xn 9.30\v hm-g-ap-´w s]m≥-taen ap-cp-∏n-\v k-ao-]-am-bncp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. tdm-U-cn-In-se sa-‰n¬Iq-\-bn¬ ss_-°v C-Sn-®v sX-dn-®pho-W A-`n-em-jn-s\ B-ip]-{Xn-bn-te-°v sIm-≠p-t]m-hpw h-gn a-cn-®p. sU-dmUq-Wn¬ \m-bn-Iv B-bn tPm-en sN-øp-∂ B-`n-emjv A-h-[n-°v \m-´n-se-Øn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-kv-Imcw \-S-Øn. `m-cy: {io-P. a-°ƒ: A-Rv-P-\. A-`n-a\yp.-

a-[y-h-b-kv-I³ Xq-§n-a-cn-¨p

sN-dp-tXm-Wn: I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw hm-g-tØm-∏n¬ \n∂p Im-Wm-Xm-b Kr-l-\m-Y-s\ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn. t_-_n X-´p-]-d-ºn-¬ (50) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. a-Wn-bm-d≥-Ip-Sn-bv-°-Sp-Øv P-\-hm-k-an-√mØ ÿ-e-Øm-Wv Xq-ßn-acn® \n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. _p-[-\m-gv-N- ap-X-¬ t_-_n-sb Im-Wm-\n-√m-bn-cp∂p. C-Sp-°n t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn- kzo-I-cn-®p.-

s{S-bn³X-«n a-cn-¨p

Xp-d-hq¿: F-gp-]p-∂ sd-bn¬-th tÃ-j-\p sX-°phiw C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® 5.-30\v s{S-bn≥X-´n kv-{Xo- acn-®p. Ip-Øn-b-tXm-Sv ]-©m-b-Øv \m-emw-hm¿-Un¬ ]-d-b-Im-Sv \m-a-\m-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b hm-kp-tZ-h-s‚ `mcy `m¿-K-hn(78) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.

A-Úm-X³ s{S-bn³-X-«n a-cn-¨ -\n-e-bnÂ

sIm-®n: A-⁄m-X bphm-hn-s\ s{S-bn≥X-´n a-cn® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn.I-eq¿ I-Xr-°-S-hv ]p-t√∏-Sn K-h. tlm-an-tbm Bip-]-{Xn-°p sX-°p-h-iw sd-bn¬-th {Sm-°n-em-Wp ar-X-tZ-lw I-≠-Xv.ar-X-tZ-lw F-d-Wm-Ip\m-Wp fw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sN-dp-hm- tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.-30 h-b-kv t©-cn-bn-se s\-t√-cntXm-∂n-°pw. C-cp-\n-dw, sa-en-™ i-co-cw, G-I-tZ®m¬ sh-≈n-tem-´v \miw A-©v A-Sn \m-en-©v D-b-cw.- C-cpssI-I-fp-sSWp (58). `m-cy: I-a-e. a- bpw D-c-Øn-s‚ `m-K-Øv ]-® Ip-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.- I-k°ƒ: c-ta-iv, k-t¥m-jv, hpI-c-tbm-Sv Iq-Sn-b sh-≈ap-≠pw sh-≈-bn¬ \o-e I-f-ß-fp-≈ ^pƒ ssI j¿-´p-am-Wp th-jw. C-bmk-μo-]v. a-cp-a-Iƒ: jnsf-°p-dn-®v F-s¥-¶n-epw hn-h-cw A-dn-bp-∂-h¿ _Pn-\. ‘-s∏-Sp-I. -t^m¨: 0484 2390280.-

ap-l-½-Zv Jm-en-_v

X-e-t»-cn: tN-‰w-Ip-∂v \m-bw-ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv Jm-en-_v (49). ]-tc-X-\mb X-e-t»-cn ap-\n-kn∏¬ ap≥ sN-b¿-am≥ kn Sn D-a¿Ip-´n-bp-sS aI-\m-Wv. `m-cy: ]n sI hn ko-\-Øv. a-°ƒ: ^ko¬ A-lv-kw, kmln¬, l-\m≥, A-Zn-b. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v kv-t‰-Un-bw Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

hn-ZymÀ-Yn ap-§na-cn-¨p

F-cp-a-s∏-´n: ]-g-hq-cn¬ ao≥ ]n-Sn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Ipf-Øn¬ Im¬-h-gp-Xn ho-W hn-Zym¿-Yn ap-ßna-cn-®p. Pn-Un h-f-∏n¬ ap-Øp-hn-s‚ a-I≥ ap¿-jn-Zm-Wv a-cn®-Xv. F-cp-a-s∏-´n K-h.- kv-Iq-fn-se F-´mw ¢m-kv hnZym¿-Yn-bm-Wv.

Ip-g-ªpho-Wp a-cn-¨p

Nm-h-°m-Sv: a-W-Ø-e t_-_n tdm-Un¬ sX-cp-hØv ho-´n¬ A-_v-Zp¬ kIm-fn emw (62) Ip-g-™p ho-Wp ^-tdm-°v: ]p-s‰-°m-Sv a-cn-®p. C-∂-se cm-hn-se hm-f-°-S Im-fn (84). 11.-30\v ho-´n¬ h®v Ip-g™p ho-gp-I-bpw D-S-s\ ac- W - s ∏- S p- I - b p- a m- b n- c p∂p. J-_-d-S-°w Xn-¶-fm-gvN cm-hn-se 10\v a-W-Ø-e Pp-am-A-Øv ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `m-cy: _¬-°okv. a-°ƒ: A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv, A≥-^n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Im-fn-Im-hv: a-sÆ-Æhn- cm-{Xn G-g-c-tbm-sS-bm- a-Øn-\n-sS-bm-Wv a-°ƒ- \-Po-_v, k-h¿-P.- w. Kp-cp-X- °pw s]m-≈-te-‰-Xv. a-dnf-°n¬-\n-∂v Xo-]-S¿-∂v bncp∂p kw-`h am-Xm-hn-\pw aq-∂p- a-°ƒ- c-am-bn s]m-≈t- e-‰ X-kv- ™p-ho-W a-sÆ-Æ-∏m°pw s]m-≈t- e-‰ kw-`h - - co-^pw dn-bm-kpw sa-Un- {X-Øn¬-\n-∂v H-gp-In-b - n-epw ssa-aq- a-sÆ-Æ-bn-epw Xo-]Øn¬ C-f-b-a-I≥ a-cn- °¬ tIm-fP - ]m-sS I®p. A-º-e-°-S-hv t]-hp- \-bpw i-co-^pw h-≠q-cn- S¿∂v A-Sp-°f ¥-d-bn-se hm-S-bn¬ ap- se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]{- Xn- Øn-\nin-®n-cp∂p. _-lA-¥n-°m-Sv: Dw-d \n¿l-ΩZ- n-s‚ `m-cy ssa-aq-\ bn-ep-am-Wv Nn-In¬-k fwtI-´v Hm-Sn-sb-Øn-b h-ln-°p-∂-X-\n-sS a]n-Xm-hv ap-lΩ - Z- m-Wv \m- v. (47), a-°-fm-b dn-bm-kv tX-Sn-bn-cp-∂X °-bn¬ Ip-g-™p hoI-Øn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂ ep-t]-sc-bpw ]p-d-sØ(27), i-co-^v (25), X-kvc - oWp a-cn-®p. ]p-Ø≥- v. Hm-Sn-°q-Sn-b A^v (19) F-∂n-h¿-°m-Wv hn-f-°n¬ ssa-aq-\ a-sÆ- Øn-®X ]o-Sn-I K-h. F¬.-]n. s]m-≈-te-‰-Xv. C-f-b-a- Æ H-gn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS I- b¬-hm-kn-I-ƒ Xo-b-Wkv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w I≥ X-kvco-^v C-∂-se ∂m-kn¬ \n-∂v h-kv-{X- °pI-bm-bn-cp∂p. ar-Xsh-fn-b-Øv jm-lp¬ a-sÆ-Æ tZ-lw h≥-P-\m-h-en-bp]p-e¿-s® tIm-gn-t°m-Sv Øn-te-°p l-ao-Zv lm-Pn(57) Bsa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pnem- tNm¿-∂v Xo B-fn-°- sS km-∂n-[y-Øn¬ ]Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. am-Xm- ≈n-t»-cn J-_¿-ÿmWv a-cn-®X - v. I-gn-™ sNm-Δm-gvI-gn-™ am-kw 27\v hn-s\ c-£n-°m-\p-≈ {i- \n¬ a-d-hpsN-bv-Xp. N sN-{¥m-∏n-∂n-bn-se kz-Im-cy l-÷v {Kq-∏p h-gn-bm-Wv Dw-d \n¿-h-ln-°m≥ `m-cy-tbm-sSm-∏w a-°-bn-se-Øn-b-Xv. Ip-g-™pho-W C-bm-sf DD-∏-f: \m-epam-kw ap-ºv Im-Wm-Xm-b K-dp Ip-∂n¬ `m-K-Øv k-ao-]hm-kn-IS≥ k-ao-]-sØ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶nHm-t´m ss{U-h-dp-tS-sX-∂p I-cp-Xp-∂ fm-Wv A-ÿn-Iq-Sw I-≠-Xv. k-ao-]w epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. A-¥n-°m-Sv a-lA-ÿn-Iq-Sw I-s≠-Øn. sIm-S-e-ap-K- Is≠-Ønb sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wpw √v I-Ωn-‰n ap≥-{]-kn-U‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: kpdp-hn-se i-c-Xn(24)t‚-Xm-WnsX∂v sN-cn-∏pw ic-Øn-t‚-Xm-sW∂v _ss_-Z. a-°ƒ: ^-lo-a, k-^v-hm≥. a-cp-a-I≥: \_-‘p-°ƒ Xn-cn-®-dn-™p. C-∂-se D- ‘p-°ƒ ÿnco-I-cn®p. Xp-S¿-∂v t]mPo-_v.®-tbm-sS ssZ-tKm-fn-bn-se sIm-S-e-ap- en-kn¬- ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-.

jwkp±o³

a-t\m-l-cn

I√-d: ]m-tßm-Sv Xm-sg ]m-tßm-Sv ]n sI lukn¬ jw-kp±o≥ (79). `mcy: P-ao-em-_ohn. a°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv kmen, \n-km¿, \mk¿, k-hmZv, jw-\mZv, J-Zo-P, j-d-^p∂n-k, \-ko-a. a-cpa°ƒ: Xm-Pp-∂n-k, \_o-kØv, dpao-\ jm-PnX, jo-P, kp-sse-am≥, A-–p¬-d-low, lw-k. J-_-dS-°w Xm-sg ]mtßm-Sv ap-kvenw P-amAØv J_¿ÿm-\n¬ \-S∂p.

h¿-°-e: ]m-f-bw-Ip-∂v hm-f-t°m-Sv cm-Pm k-Z-\Øn¬ tZ-h-cm-P-s‚ `mcy a-t\m-l-cn (60). a°ƒ: _n-Pp, _n-Pn-\n. acp-a-°ƒ: te-J, k-Pn-Ipam¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂pcm-hn-se 9.30\v.

ap-l-½-Zv Iq-fn-am-Sv: Ip-‰n-°p-fw ¢m-tb-cn ap-l-Ω-Zv (60). `m-cy: B-an-\.

]m-¯p-ss½ ^-tdm-°v: I-≈n-sØm-Sn ]-tc-X-\m-b I-f-Øn߬ sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n-bpsS `m-cy ]m-Øp-ssΩ (92). a-°ƒ: Ip-´ym-ap (dnbm-Zv), A-iv-d-^v, J-Zo-P, \-^o-k, B-an-\-°p-´n. acp-a-°ƒ: \q-dp-±o≥, a-Ω-ZvtIm-b, ssk-X-e-hn, kpss_-Z, dw-e. k-tlm-Zc≥: ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-´n.

Dw-d \nÀ-h-ln-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-ªpho-Wp a-cn-¨p

Im-Wm-Xm-b Hm-t«m ss{U-h-dp-sS A-Øn-Iq-Sw I-s−-¯n

ho-Sv hm-SIbv-s¡-Sp-¯v s]¬-hm-Wn-`w: A-©p-t]À ]n-Sn-bn tIm-´-bw: ho-Sv hm-S-I-bv-s°-Sp-Øv s]¨-hm-Wn-`w \-S-Øn-h-∂ A-©pt]¿ ]n-Sn-bn¬. c-≠p-t]¿ Hm-Sn c-£-s∏´p. tIm-´-b-w G-‰p-am-\q¿ ]m-tdm-en-°¬ I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]-sØ ho-´n¬ C-∂se t]m-en-kv \-S-Øn-b Xn-c-®n-en-em-Wv kw-ÿm-\-hym-]-I-am-bn s]¨-hm-Wn`w \-S-Øp-∂p-sh-∂v kw-i-bn-°p-∂ kwL-Øn-se I-Æn-Iƒ ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. tIm-´-bw Im-cm-∏p-g hm-g-bn¬ j-ao¿ lp-ssk≥ (25), Im-cm-∏p-g Im-°mw-]-dºn¬ kp-ta-jv (23), sIm-√w ]-Ø-\m-]pcw D-√-e kz-tZ-in-\n D-j (27), s]-cn-ß\m-Sv kz-tZ-in-\n am-b F-∂ A-ºn-fn (35), Nn-ß-h-\w km-bn-∏p-I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]w Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ A-b¿-°p-∂w Xm-fn-°-√v kz-tZ-in-\n A-\p tSm-an (23) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. A-Sq¿ G\m-Øv h-S-°-S-Øp-Im-hv c-Lp-`-h-\n¬ A-Pn-Ip-am¿ (46), Iq-tcm-∏-S kz-tZ-in k-

ss_-¡v A-]-I-S¯n ssk-\n-I³ a-cn-¨p

am-Xm-hn-\pw a-¡Ä-¡pw s]m-Å-te-äp: C-f-b-a-I³ a-cn-¨p

s]-cn-bmÀ I-Sp-hk-t¦-X-¯n ¹m-Ìn-Iv D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v Im-«m-\ N-cn-ªp Ip-a-fn/I-W-a-e: s]-cnbm¿ I-Sp-hk-t¶-X-Øn\p-≈n-se i-_-cn-a-e h\-ta-J-e-bn¬ πm-Ãn-Iv D-≈n¬-s®-∂v Im-´m-\- Ncn-™p. Xo¿-∞m-S-I¿ Dt]-£n-® πm-Ãn-Iv D≈n¬ sN-∂-Xn-\m-emhmw B-\ -N-cn-™-sX∂m-Wv h-\w-h-Ip-∏n-s‚ \n-K-a-\w. i-\n-bm-gv-N-bm-Wv i_-cn-a-e h-\-ta-J-ebnse h-en-bm-\-h-´w `mK-Øv H-cm-gv-N-tbm-fw ]-g°-ap-≈ Im´m-\-bp-sS PUw h-\-]m-e-I¿ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. tIm-∂n-bn-se h-\w h-Ip-∏v ko-\n-b¿ sh-‰-dn-\-dn Hm-^n-k¿ iio-{μ-tZ-hn-s‚ t\-Xr-XzØnep-≈ kw-Lw \-SØn-b t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´Øn-¬ 40 h-b-t m-fw

ImÀ-Xym-b-\n

Ip-ªn-sIm-«³

Ip-a-c-Iw: sI-´n-Sw ]-Wn°n-S-bn¬ ho-Wv ]-cn-t°‰v sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ Nn-In-¬-k-bn¬ I-gn-™ncp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. Ip-ac-Iw B-im-cn-t»-cn¬ e£w-ho-Sv tIm-f-\n-bn¬ ]p-Ø≥-]-d-ºn¬ A-Pntam≥ (38) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.sI-´n-S\n¿-am-W {]h¿-Ø-\-Øn-te¿-s∏-´n-cp-∂ A-Pn ]-Wn-°m-bn sI´n-b \n-e-bp-sS ap-I-fn¬\n-∂p ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ho-gv-N-bn¬ Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰v sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ c-≠m-gv-N-bm-bn Nn-In-¬-kbn-em-bn-cp-∂ A-Pn C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-cn-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. eo-\-bm-Wv A-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy. a-°ƒ: Btcm-a¬, B-c-Xn, B-h-Wn.

G-‰p-am-\q¿ ]m-tdm-en-°ense ho-´n¬ \n∂v ]nSn-Iq-Snb s]¨hm-Wn-`-kwLw Pn F-∂n-h¿ Hm-Snc-£-s∏-´p. A-º-n-fn- en-kv kn-hn¬ Hm-^n-k-tdm-Sv ]m-tdm-enbpw c-£-s∏-´ A-Pn-Ip-am-dp-am-Wv s]¨- °-en-se ho-´nse-Øm≥ C-h¿ B-h-iyhm-Wn-`tI-{μ-Øn-s‚ \-S-Øn-∏p-Im¿. s∏-´p. Xp-S¿-∂v C-∂-se D-®-I-gn-™v aB-h-iy-°m¿-°v kv-{Xo-I-sf ]m-tdm-en- ^v-Xn-bn-epw bq-\n-t^m-an-epw F-Øn-b °-en-se hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ F-Øn-®psIm-Sp- t]m-en-kp-Im¿ ho-Sv h-f-™m-Wv kw-L°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-h-cp-sS co-Xn. sØ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. c-≠p-t]¿ ]n≥-h-iPn-√m t]m-en-kv ta-[m-hn-°v H-cm-gv-N sØ hm-Xn-en-eq-sS Hm-Snc-£-s∏-´p. ap-ºv e-`n-® kq-N-\-{]-Im-c-w t]m-en-kv P-\p-h-cn 22\m-Wv A-Pn-Ip-am-dpw A\m-S-Io-b-am-bn C-h-sc h-e-bn¬ ho-gv- ºn-fn-bpw tN¿-∂v ho-Sv hm-S-I-bv-s°-SpØp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-Ã-a-dm-sW-∂v sS- Ø-Xv. ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-h-cn¬ \n-∂p In-´n-b en-t^m-Wn¬ ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-b t]m- U-b-dn-I-fn-epw t\m-´v]m-Up-I-fn-epw kw-

ÿm-\-Øn-s‚ hn-hn-[ `m-K-ß-fn-ep-≈ \q-dpI-W-°n-\mfp-I-fp-sS sS-en-t^m¨ \-º-cp-I-fp-≠v. C-h¿ D-]-tbm-Kn-® km≥-t{Sm Im-dpw Hm-t´m-dn-£-bpw t]men-kv I-Ã-Un-bnse-Sp-Øp. C-h-cn¬ \n∂v H-º-Xv sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wp-Iƒ, c≠v Xn-cn-®-dn-b¬ Im¿-Up-Iƒ, ss{U-hnMv sse-k≥-kv, K¿-`-\n-tcm-[-\ D-d-Iƒ, B‚n ^w-K-kv Kp-fn-I-I-fp-sS I-h-dpIƒ, kn.Un sπ-b¿ Xp-S-ßn-b-h I-s≠Sp-Øp. jq-hn-\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-® 32,000 cq]-bpw j-ao-dn-s‚-bpw A-Pn-Ip-am-dn-s‚bpw ]-gv-kp-I-fn¬ \n-∂v- 11,010 cq-]-bpw t]m-en-kv ]nSn-s®-SpØp. Un-ssh.-F-kv.]n hn -A-Pn-Øv, kn.sF jm-Pp tPm-kv, G-‰p-am-\q¿ Fkv.sF _n≥-kv tPm-k-^v, A-b-¿-Ip∂w F-kv.sF tam-l≥-Zm-kv F-∂n-hcpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ t]men-kmWv {]-Xn-I-sf ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv.

X-«n kp-\n tPm-jn: Ip-ä-]-{Xw s{Sbn³ a-cn-¨p k-aÀ-¸n-¡m³ k-a-bw \yq-U¬-ln: \n-c-h-[n `o-I-cm{I-a-W-t°-kp-I-fn-se {]-Xnbpw B¿.-F-kv.-F-kv. {]-Nm-c-I\p-am-bn-cp-∂ kp-\n¬ tPm-jnbp-sS sIm-e-]m-X-I-Øn¬ Ip-‰]-{Xw k-a¿-∏n-°m≥ F≥.-sF.F. k-a-bw tX-Sn. Ip-‰-]-{Xw ka¿-∏n-°m≥ B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥m-eb-Øn-s‚ A-\p-a-Xn-°m-bn ImØn- c n- ° p- I - b m- s W- ∂ m- W v F≥.-sF.-F. tIm-S-Xn-sb A-dnbn-®-Xv. kp-\n¬ tPm-jn-sb sIm-∂ kw-L-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂ Zn-eo]v P-Kv-Xm-]v, cm-tP-{μ Nu-[-cn F-∂n-h-cp-am-bn _n.-sP.-]n. bph-P-\-hn-`m-K-am-b bp-h-tam¿-®bp-sS t\-Xm-hv Pn-tX-{μ-i¿-a \-

S-Øn-b sS-en-t^m¨ kw-`m-jW-߃ ]-cn-tim-[n-®p-h-cp-Ibm-sW-∂pw F≥.-sF.-F. tImS-Xn-sb A-dn-bn-®p. a-[y-{]-tZin-se au-hn¬-\n-∂v c-≠p-amkw ap-ºm-Wv Pn-tX-{μ-i¿-a-sb F≥.-sF.-F. A-d-Ãv sN-bv-X-Xv. Zn-eo-]v P-Kv-Xm-]n-\v sIm-e-bv-°v D-]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ tXm-°v \¬In-b-Xv i¿-a-bm-Wv. Xp-S¿-∂v Cu am-kw 13 h-sc F≥.-sF.-F°v tIm-S-Xn k-a-bw \¬-In. k∂ym-kn-\n {]-⁄m-kn-Mv Tm°q-dn-s\-Xn-tc hy-‡-am-b sXfn-hp-s≠-∂pw A-h¿-s°-Xn-cmb tI-kv C-√m-Xm-hn-s√-∂pw F≥.-sF.-F. A-`n-`m-j-I≥ ]d-™p.

Xn-cq¿: s{Sbn≥ X-´n bp-hmhv a-cn-®p. A-∂m-c tXm-d-∏-dºn¬ A-–p-√-bp-sS a-I≥ A-–p∂m-k¿ (38) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v aqt∂m-sS Xn-cq¿ sd-bn¬-th kv-t‰-j-\v sX-°p-h-i-Øv Pn-√m sa-Un-°¬ kv-t‰m-dn\p k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]I-Sw. Xn-cq-cn-se X-d-hm-´p ho´n¬-\n-∂p ]m-fw ap-dn-®pI-S°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Kp-Uv-kv s{Sbv-\n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. arX-tZ-lw Xn-cq¿ Pn-√m B-ip]-{Xn- tam¿-®-dn-bn¬. t]mkv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw C∂p _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn-´psIm-Sp-°pw. A-hn-hm-ln-X\m-Wv. k-tlm-Z-c≥: jm-Pn.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

3 s^{_p-h-cn 2014 Xn¶ƒ

am-Xm-hn-\pw a-¡Ä-¡pw s]m-Å-te-äp: NnInÂkbn-en-cns¡ C-f-b-a-I³ a-cn-¨p Im-fn-Im-hv: a-sÆ-Æhn-fB-an-\

dp-Jn-b l-Öp-½

C-¼n-s¨-¡³

ap-l-½-Zv

hm-kp-tZ-h³

Xm-am-cn -

tkm-a³

A-¿-¡p-«n

Xm-a-c-t»-cn: hm-Sn-°¬ h-t≈-cp-sXm-Sp-I-bn¬ A-b-Ω-Zv- lm-Pn-bp-sS `mcy B-an-\ (86). a-°ƒ: C-{_m-l#ow (dn-´. tlman-tbm ^m¿-a-kn-Ãv), hn ]n B-en (ku-Zn), Dssk≥ ]-≈n-∏p-dw, hn ]n D-kv-am≥ (U-]yq-´n doPy-W¬ am-t\-P¿, I¨kyq-a¿-s^-Uv tIm-gnt°m-Sv), B-bn-i, ssk\-_, ]m-Øp-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: km-d, B-bn-i-°p´n, kp-sse-J, j-_o-\, kp-sse-am≥-lm-Pn, hn.]n _o-cm≥, ]-tc-X\m-b- F≥ ]n A-–p¬ aPo-Zv.

h-fm-t©-cn: ]m-em-d lwk- lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy dp-Jnb l-÷p-Ω (70). a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n, dw-e, ap-l-Ω-Zv k-eow, djo-Zv, B-ky, kp-a-ø, jmln-Z, A-–p¿d-lv-am≥, B-bn-i, J-Zo-P, k-emw, l-^v-k-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssl-{Zp -lm-Pn, jn-P, apl-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, dw-e, km-PnX, ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, _o-cm≥Ip-´n, l-k≥, \p-kv-d-Øv, sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n, d-^o-Jv, ap-\o-d, ss^-k¬. J-_-dS-°w cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v In-g-t°-°-c Pp-am-A-Øv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

a-¶-S: tNm-gn-∏-Sn sX-°pho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv (68). `mcy-am¿: J-Zo-P, ]-tc-X-bmb ssk-\-_.- a-°ƒ: ju°-Øv, sam-bv-Xo≥, A-ehn, A-ao¿, l-ao-Zv, ko-\Øv, im-\n-_, A≥-in-Z, A≥-im-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Bbn-i, J-Zo-P, ssk-\-_, in-^m-\-Øv, kp-a-ø, i-co^v, k-a-Zv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ip-™-–p-√, kemw, ssk-\-_, B-bn-j. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v a-¶-S a-l-√v Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.-

s\-√n-t°m-Sv: A-S-ºm-´pao-ج D-≈m-´n¬ ho´n¬ hm-kp-tZ-h≥ (53). ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b tIi-h≥. am-Xm-hv: im-c-Z. `m-cy: D-j. a-°ƒ: hcp¨, h-tc-jv-a. a-cp-aI≥: P-bm-\-μ-≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: in-h-Zm-k≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b bp cm-aN-{μ≥, hn-Pn, im-¥, kXy-`m-a.

A-ßm-Sn-∏p-dw: sshtem-ß-c ta-®o-cn-]-dºn¬ \n-c-∏n¬ ho-´n¬ Xm-am-cn (75). ]-´n-I-PmXn t£-a-kn-an-Xn sshtem-ß-c bq-\n-‰v sshkv {]-kn-U‚ v, I¿-jI-sØm-gn-em-fn bq-\n-‰wKw ÿm-\-߃ h-ln®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ap-≠n-°p-´n. a°ƒ: kp-tc-jv _m-_p, D-ta-jv, \n-Xo-jv, _-_nX, D-jm-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-a°ƒ: c-P-\n, Nn-{X, cm[m-a-Wn.-

^-tdm-°v: Io-gm-bn¬ `K-h-Xn-t£-{X {]-knU‚pw ap≥ tIm-a¨sh¬-Øv ssS¬ ^m-Œ-dn sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-am-b s]m°m-ew sXm-Sn tkm-a≥ (62). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b I-eym-Wn. a-°ƒ: K-tWjv, c-Po-jv, c-Pn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-ta-jv, jo-\. k©-b-\w i-\nbmgvN.

th-ß-c: Iq-cn-bm-Sv ]-tcX-\m-b Ip-cym-´p-]-Sn°¬ Im-cn-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy A-ø-°p-´n (90). a°ƒ: Ip-dp-º, A-ø-∏≥, kp-{_-lva-Wy≥, IÆ≥-Ip-´n, ]-tc-X-cm-b Xq-º≥, th-em-bp-[≥. acp-a-°ƒ: \-ßo-en, ktcm-Pn-\n, hn-im-ep, h-k¥, kp-an-{X, Nm-Ø-∏≥. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v Iq-cn-bm-Sv iv-a-im-\-Øn¬.-

^m-¯n-a

tIm-´-°¬: Ip-dp-I-ØmWn sN-º≥ sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n- lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy Im-t´-Ip-f-ß-c I-Zn-bm-a°p-´n (60). a-°ƒ: A-Iv_¿, a≥-kq-¿ (C-cp-h-cpw bp.F.C), A-–p- -emw, ap-l-Ω-Z-en, ]-tc-X-bm-b \-Pv-ap-∂o-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v tN-‰q¿, aq-_o\, dw-e. J-_-d-S-°w C∂p cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v ¢mcn-]q-Øq¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_-¿ÿm-\n¬.

Im-cm-Sv: F-≈m-Øv ]p-dmbv aq-®n-߬ tNm-e-°pgn C-ºn-s®-°≥ (93). `mcy: e-£v-an. a-°ƒ: temln-Xm-£≥ (kv-‰o¬tImw-π-Iv-kv, sN-dp-hÆq¿), in-h-i-¶-c≥ (kvs]-jy¬ {_m-©v F.Fkv.sF, a-e-∏p-dw), i-in[-c≥ (F-kv.F≥. tIm-fPv, tN-f-∂q¿), {]-Im-iIp-am¿ (F≥.kn.kn sam-d-bq¿ hn.F®v.Fw.F-kv.F-kv), iIp-μ-f. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tim-`-\ (Pn.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ cm-a\m-´p-I-c), D-j (K-h. bp.]n kv-Iqƒ cm-a-\m-´pI-c), an-\n, {]-k-∂≥ (kv-]n-∂n-Mv an-√v a-e-∏pdw).

ss]-tßm-´m-bn: I-≠\m-en¬ ^m-Øn-a (87). `¿-Øm-hv: Ip-™n-kq-∏nlm-Pn. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zen (jm¿-P), J-eo-ap-√ (jm¿-P), A-–p-¬ dlow (Zp-_-bv), kp-sseJ sN-dn-b-Ip-º-fw, dw-e ]m-d-°-S-hv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p-¬ -I-cow ap-kveym¿, _-jo¿, dw-e, jmln-Z, Xw-ko-\.

I-Zn-bm-a-¡p-«n

]-ßm-h-Xn A-½ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: tIm-´-bw Im-\-Øpw-Nn-d-bn-se hen-bho-´n¬ ]n sI ]flm-h-Xn A-Ω (80). `¿Øm-hv: ]n hn ]-fl-\m`≥ \m-b¿. a-°ƒ: Ip™-\-¥≥, N-{μ-ti-Jc≥, D-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tl-a, ]-hn-{X≥.

Pm-\p h-S-I-c: P-\-Xm-tdm-Uv F´-Ω-tem¬ Pm-\p (80). `¿Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-dnbtXm-´p-߬ Ip-am-c≥. a°ƒ: tam-l-\≥, Kn-coj≥, h-k-¥, t{]-a, A-\ne. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-e≥ a-S∏-≈n, A-tim-I≥ apwss_, cm-P≥ A-cq¿ (F.F-kv.sF, Fw.Fkv.]n a-e-∏p-dw), Ko-X h-SI-c, Ko-X G-dm-a-e. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂p ssh-Io-´v A©n-\p ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

Ip-ªn-sIm-«³ sN-dp-h-Øq¿: sIm-S°m-Sv B-\n-°m-Sn-bn-se ]p-Xn-b-h-f-∏n¬ Ip™n-sIm-´≥ (89). `m-cy: am-Wn-°w. a-°ƒ: \mcm-b-W≥ (J-Ø¿), _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ (A[ym-]-I≥ Pn.-bp.-]n.-Fkv, slm-kv-Zp¿-Kv I-S-∏pdw), hn-iz-\m-Y≥ (JØ¿), _n-μp. a-cp-a°ƒ: {]-ao-f, {]-k-∂ (A-[ym-]n-I F. -bp. ]n. -F-kv ssI-X-°mSv), kz-]v-\, Sn hn _m_p. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]tc-X-cm-b Nn-cn, Ip-™ºp, ]m-dp, A-∏p.

]-¡À C-cn-´n: ]-g-b _kvÃm≥-Un-se an¬-am _q-Øn-\v k-ao-]w I-®h-Sw \-S-Øp-∂ C-cn-´n t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j-\v k-ao-]w Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ sI ]-°¿ (56) Ip-g™pho-Wv a-cn-®p. `mcy: P-ao-e. a-°ƒ: \u^¬, B-_n-Zv. k-tlmZ-c-߃: \m-k¿, ap\o¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, lw-k, l-k≥, A-bq-_v, ^mØn-a, B-kn-b.

sam-bv-Xo-³ I-¬-∏-‰: \-K-c-k-`m ap≥ sN-b-¿-am-≥ F ]n lao-Zn-s‚ ]n-Xm-hv A-√n-]d sam-bv-Xo-≥ (75). a-‰p-a°-ƒ: l-k-≥-Ip-´n I-ºf-°m-Sv, A-–p-¬- e-Øo^v, A-–p-¬ d-low (hym-]m-cn), A-Uz.F ]n ap-kv-X-^, B-bn-i Iº-f-°m-Sv, km-_n-d ap-´n¬. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: d-kn-b, apl-Ω-Zv I-º-f-°m-Sv, \ko-a- dn-∏¨, \u-jn-Z ap´n-¬, k-do-\ Ip-´-aw-Kew, B-en ap-´n-¬. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 9.30\v I-¬-∏-‰ ssaXm-\n-]-≈n J-_-¿-ÿm\n-¬.

A-½p A-½ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: a-º-dØn-\-p k-ao-]w ]-Sn™m-‰mw ap-dn-bn-se sNdn-bm-º-n-em-´p ]p-Ø≥ ]p-c-bn¬ kn ]n A-ΩpA-Ω (92). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b A-Nyp-X≥. a-°ƒ: ]fln-\n, {io-[-c≥, e-£van-°p-´n, I-a-em-£n, cm[m-Ir-jv-W≥, Ko-X, kXy≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-Xn, Zm-tam-Z-c≥, kn Zm-tam-Zc≥, kp-tc-jv, cm-[m-e£v-an, ]-tc-X-\m-b Irjv-W≥.

°n¬-\n-∂v Xo-]-S¿-∂v amXm-hn-\pw aq-∂p- a-°ƒ°pw s]m-≈-te-‰ kw-`-hØn¬ C-f-b-a-I≥ a-cn-®p. A-º-e-°-S-hv t]-hp-¥-dbn-se hm-S-bn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zns‚ `m-cy ssa-aq-\ (47), a°-fm-b dn-bm-kv (27), i-co^v (25), X-kv-co-^v (19) F∂n-h¿-°m-Wv s]m-≈-te-‰-Xv. C-f-b-a-I≥ X-kvco-^v C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fPnem-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ am-kw 27\v cm-{Xn G-g-c-tbm-sS-bmbncp∂p kw-`-hw. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn s]m-≈-te-‰ X-kvco-^pw dn-bm-kpw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-epw ssa-aq-\bpw i-co-^pw h-≠q-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bnep-am-Wv Nn-In¬-k tX-Sn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. I-Øn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂ hn-f-°n¬ ssa-aq-\ a-sÆÆ H-gn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS I-∂m-kn¬ \n-∂v h-kv-{X-Ønte-°p a-sÆ-Æ tNm¿-∂v Xo B-fn-°-Øp-I-bm-bncp-∂p. am-Xm-hn-s\ c-£n-°m-\p-≈ {i-a-Øn-\n-sS-bmWv a-°ƒ-°pw s]m-≈-te-‰-Xv. a-dn-™p-ho-W a-sÆÆ-∏m-{X-Øn¬-\n-∂v H-gp-In-b a-sÆ-Æ-bn-epw Xo]S¿∂v A-Sp-°-f ]m-sS I-Øn-\nin-®n-cp∂p. _l-fwtI-´v Hm-Sn-sb-Øn-b ]n-Xm-hv ap-l-Ω-Zm-Wv \mep-t]-sc-bpw ]p-d-sØ-Øn-®-Xv. Hm-Sn-°q-Sn-b A-b¬hm-kn-I-ƒ Xo-b-W-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p. t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw h≥-P\m-h-en-bp-sS km-∂n-[y-Øn¬ ]-≈n-t»-cn J-_¿ÿm-\n¬ a-dh - psN-bvX - p.

]m-¼p-I-Sn-tb-ä bp-h-Xn a-cn-¨p

F-S-°-c: ]m-ºp-I-Sn-tb-‰v Nn-In-¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-h-Xn a-cn-®p. ]m-Xn-cn-∏m-Sw ta-te-Xn¬ A-_v-Zp¬ a-Po-Zn-s‚ `m-cy kp-a-ø(29)bm-Wv tIm-gn-t°m-Sv saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ hym-gm-gv-N-bm-Wv `¿-Xr-Kr-l-Øn¬ h-®v C-h¿-°v ]mºp-I-Sn-tb-‰-Xv. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In-¬-k-bn-en-cn-s° C-∂-se ]pe¿-s®-bm-Wv a-cWw. a-°ƒ: du-^v, ^m-Øn-am dn^, ^n-Zm ^m-Øn-a. aq-tØ-Sw Ip-‰n-°m-Sv s\-®n-bn¬ Ip-™nss^-kn-bp-sS-bpw ^m-Øn-a-bp-sS-bpw a-Ifm-Wv.

s{Sbn³ X-«n a-cn-¨p _o-hn

d-^o-J-

hmkp-tZ-h³

kp-`m-jv

A-Ðp-Ã-¡p-«n lm-Pn -

I-eym-Wn

Ipªm-bn-i

B-ky

Xn-cq-cß - m-Sn: sN-Ωm-Sv sIm-Sn-™n tdm-Un¬ ]-tcX-\m-b s\-®n-bn¬ B-e ≥-Ip-´n am-Ãd - p-sS `m-cy sI Sn _o-hn (88). a-°ƒ: A-_vZ- p-¬ d-low, ap-lΩ - Z- v C-Jv_ - m¬ (dn-´. ¢¿-°v, ]n.,F-kv.F - w.-H tIm-fP - v), A_vZ- p- e - mw (a-°), A-_vZp¬ a-Po-Zv (tIm≥-^p-Z), ]m-Øp-Ωp, ssa-aq-\, P-aoe, dw-eØ - v, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-_vZ- p¬ A-ko-kv (dn-´. {]-[m-\m- [ym-]I - ≥), C sI A-lΩ - Z- v th-ßc - , A-_q-_° - ¿ aq-∂n-bq¿, A-_vZ- p¬ a-Po-Zv (_-lv-dbv≥).

th-ß-c: Iq¿-a-Øv tIm-tem-Øn¬ A-ehn-bp-sS `m-cy d-^o-J (37). ]n-Xm-hv: A-_q_-°¿. am-Xm-hv: ]mØp-Ωp. a-°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv B-jn-J-en, lpkv-\ _o-Kw, A-jv-hmIv d-lv-am-≥. J-_-d-S°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v A-co-°p-fw ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

s\√-n-t°mSv: A-S-ºm´p-ao-ج D-≈m-´n¬-ho´n¬ hm-kp-tZ-h≥ (53). ]n-Xmhv: ]-tc-X\m-b tI-ih≥. am-Xmhv: imc-Z. `mcy: D-j. a°ƒ: h-cp¨, h-tc-jva. a-cp-aI≥: P-bm\μ≥. k-tlm-Z-c߃: in-h-Zmk≥ (Hm-t´mss{U-h¿), ]-tc-X\m-b bp cm-a-N-{μ≥, hnPn, im-¥, k-Xy-`ma.

sIm-f-Ø-d: Im-t°m-fn th-em-bp-[-s‚ a-I≥ kp`m-jv (53). `m-cy: D-j. a°ƒ: kp-\n-j, kp-_ojv, kp-_n-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-tP-jv, c-_o-jv. k-©b-\w sNm-ΔmgvN.

h-≈n-°p-∂v: A-Øm-Wn°¬ kn _n ssl-kv-Iqfn-\p k-ao-]w ]p-Xn-bho´n¬ A-–p-√-°p-´n-lm-Pn (86). ap≥ F-^v.F.kn.Sn D-tZym-K-ÿ-\mWv. `m-cy: dp-Jn-b l-÷p-Ω. a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zm-en-lm-Pn, C-kv-am-Cu¬, ap-kv-X-^, j-ao¿, A-–p¬ A-kokv, k-^n-b, dm-_n-b, keo-°-Øv, kp-l-d, lm-Pd. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l- ≥, A–p¬ A-ko-kv, A-–p¿d-lvam≥, C-{_m-low, _-o-cm≥-tIm-b, J-Zo-P, kp-sse-J, B-bn-i, ^ko-e, ku-Z.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: I-W-bt¶m-Sv h-f-∏n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b C-ºn-®-s‚ `m-cy Ieym-Wn (88). a-°ƒ: Pm\-In, am-[-hn, \m-cm-bWn, cm-L-h≥, i-in. a-cpa-°ƒ: tKm-]m-e≥, i-¶c≥, Ip-am-c≥, \-fn-\n, A-\n-X.

sh´Øq¿: GgpXebn¬ ]qt®ß¬ sskXmen lm-Pn-bp-sS `mcy Ip™m-bni. a°ƒ: \mk¿, apPo_v (Pn±), A_vZp√ (Pn±), ^-lZv, a-dnb, kpsseJ, dp-Jnb, kp-ss_Z, ssee, ssa-aq\. acp-a°ƒ: jm-°nd, dPo\, Xkv-eoa, j-^v\, ho-cm≥, apl-ΩZv, A_vZp≈, aplΩZv°p´n, aplΩZv-Aen, ]-tcX\mb ap-lΩZv. J_dS°w C∂v ssh-Ip-t∂cw aq-∂n\v sh´Øq¿ Ppam akvPn-Zn¬.

ap-°w: sN-dp-hm-Sn Ip-‰n°m-´p-Ω¬ I-fØn¬sXm-Sn-I a-Ω-Xns‚ `m-cy B-ky (52). a°ƒ: \p-kv-d-Øv, d-kv_n\, A-\-kv.

A-Ðp Im-ZnÀ am-ÌÀ

J-Zo-P

]m-h-d-´n: a-cp-X-bq¿ ]pfn-®m-dw ho-´n¬ ]m-{X am-Ω-Xv a-I-\pw ap-kv-enweo-Kv ]m-h-d-´n ]-©m-bØv ap≥ P-\-d¬ sk-{I´-d-n-bp-am-b A-–p¬ ImZn¿ am-ÿ(74). `m-cy: kp-l-dm-_n. a-°ƒ: I_o¿, P-eo¬, d-kn-b, sk-bv-^p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sj-°o-e, Pm-kv-an≥, apl-Ω-Zv, A-j-d-^v.

B-ep-h: Xp-cp-Øv ]-cnbm-cØ - v ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ap-lΩ - Z- n-s‚ (dn´.F-kv._ - n.-Sn _m-¶v)`mcy J-Zo-P(87). a-°ƒ:-A–p-¬ k-emw(dn-´.Fkv._n.-Sn)-, A-–p-√, A–p¬ l-ao-Zv, A-–p-¬ P-∫m¿,^m-Øn-a_ - ohn,sF-jm-_o-hn, k-_qd _o-hn, kp-sse-J _ohn, dw-em _o-hn.

Iam apt≠cn: kn hn lukn¬ ]-d-t°m-´v I-am¬ (80). `m-cy: I-Zo-kp-Ω. a°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^ (-{]-hmkn- eo-Kv ]-©m-b-Øv JPm-©n), ju-°-Ø-en, A-^v-k-Øv, \-_o-kp.

B-bn-i-_n ]p-Xp-∏m-Sn: ]-©m-Øv _-km¿ B-®n-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-™-Ω-Zns‚ `m-cy B-bn-i-_n cm-a³-Ip-«n Im-fn-Im-hv: \o-em-t©-cn (83). a-°ƒ: lw-k, hm-g-°n-fn Im-hp-߬ cm- bq-kp-^v, ap-l-Ω-Zv tIm-b, C-{_m-low, a≥-Ip-´n (64). `m-cy: eA-–p-¿-d-lv-am≥. £v-an.

a-dn-bw \m-bv-°-´n: Hm-S-s°m-√n A-_q-_-°-dn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bw (70). a-°ƒ: Al-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, A-–p¬ aPo-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-ko_ \m-bv-°-´n, j-lo-d ]p¬-∏-≈n.

lw-k ]-ø-∂q¿: s]-cp-º ss_-]m-kv tdm-Un-se ]m-d-Ω¬ lmw-k (69). Ip-™n-aw-K-ew kz-tZin-bm-Wv. I.Fw.kn.kn ]-ø-∂q¿ a-fi-ew I-Ωn‰n- Aw-Kw, s]-cp-º imJm ap-kv-enw eo-Kv I-Ωn‰n-bw-Kw F-∂o \n-e-Ifn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®ph-cn-Ibm-Wv. `m-cy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: ssk-\p-±o≥, \mk¿ (C-cp-h-cpw kv-ssI tKmƒ-Uv ]m¿-´v-W¿am¿), k-°o-\, d-jo-Z, dko-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-Po_v, A-–p-√, \n-bm-kv.

X-¦w h-S-°m-t©-cn: Nm-en°p-∂v ho-´n¬- X-¶w(64). a-I≥: \n-Jn¬-Zm-kv. a-cpa-Iƒ: [-\y.

\m-Wp Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sN-dp-hmt©-cn-bn-se s\-t√-cn®m¬ sh-≈n-tem-´v \mWp (58). `m-cy: I-a-e. a°ƒ: c-ta-iv, k-t¥mjv, k-μo-]v. a-cp-a-Iƒ: jn-Pn-\.

ap-l-½-Zv Jm-en-_v

X-e-t»-cn: tN-‰w-Ip-∂v \m-bw-ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv Jm-en-_v (49). ]-tc-X-\mb X-e-t»-cn ap-\n-kn∏¬ ap≥ sN-b¿-am≥ kn Sn D-a¿Ip-´n-bp-sS aI-\m-Wv. `m-cy: ]n sI hn ko-\-Øv. a-°ƒ: ^ko¬ A-lv-kw, kmln¬, l-\m≥, A-Zn-b. cw-K-\m-b-In I-∂n-am-cn: tNm-W-Ω-hm- J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnc-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-Øp- se 10\v kv-t‰-Un-bw Ppkzm-an Iu-≠-cp-sS `m-cy am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿmcw-K-\m-b-In (91). a-°ƒ: \n¬. X-¶-th-ep, tPym-Xn-th-ep, in-hm-\-μ≥, I-\-I-a-Wn. _m-e-N-{µ³ s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: A-√-{] a-cp-a-I≥: B-dp-ap-Jw. I-c-h-´v ]m-™n-bv-°¬ImÀ-Xym-b-\n ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b inap-g-∏n-e-ßm-Sv: Ip-fw_- h-i-¶-c-]n-≈ a-I≥ _mkm¿ I-S-hp tdm-Un¬ hm- e-N-{μ≥(N-{μ≥-˛62) lrWn-b≥ h-f-∏n¬ s\-tøm- Z-bm-Lm-Xw-aq-ew a-cn-®p. Øv Im¿-Xym-b-\n (74). `¿- `m-cy: e-fn-X-Ip-am-cn. aØm-hv: tKm-]m-e≥. °ƒ:_n-μp, a-[p, C-μp.

]p-¯³-Ip-cn-in _-Ê-nSn-¨v aq-¶pt]À a-cn-¨p

A-\n¬-Ip-am¿

ss_-Pp

sIm-®n: ]p-Ø≥-Ip-cn-iv im-kv-Xm-ap-Ifn¬ c-≠v C-cp-N-{I-hm-l-\-ß-fpw sI.F-kv.-B¿.-Sn.-kn _- pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v C-cp-N-{I-hm-l-\ bm-{Xn-I-cm-b c-≠p bp-hm-°-fpw H-cp kv-{Xo-bpw a-cn-®p. Hcmƒ-°v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cp-t°-‰p.F-d-Wm-Ip-fw I-S-h-{¥ Km-‘n-\K¿ F¬.-sF.-Pn. 242¬ ¢o-‰-kn-s‚ `mcy tUm-fn (48), ]-´m-ºn kz-tZ-in A\n¬-Ip-am¿ (41), h-b-\m-Sv hSp-h≥-Nmen¬ ss_-Pp (30) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn®-Xv. tUm-fn-bp-sS `¿-Øm-hv ¢o-‰-kns\ Kp-cp-X-c-am-b ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS tIm-e-t©-cn-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p.C-∂-se cm-hn-se ]-Øp-a-Wn-tbmsS im-kv-Xm-ap-I-fn-em-Wv A-]-I-Sw. ¢o-‰-kpw tUm-fn-bpw k-©-cn-® kv-Iq´¿ I-b-‰wI-b-dp-∂-Xn-\n-sS s]-s´-∂p \n-∂pt]m-b-tXm-sS ]n-∂m-se k-©cn-® ss_-°vbm-{Xn-I¿ kv-Iq-´-dn-\p

tUm-fn]n-∂n¬ C-Sn-®p. C-Sn-bp-sS B-Lm-XØn¬ C-cp-hm-l-\-ß-fpw a-dn-™v \Sp-tdm-Un¬ ho-Wp. Cu k-a-bw ]n-∂mse-sb-Øn-b sI.-F-k.-v-B¿.-Sn.-kn. _-kv tdm-Un¬ ho-WpIn-S-∂ ss_-°v bm-{X-°m-cp-sS ta¬ I-b-dp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p-sh-∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. A-]-I-SsØ Xp-S¿-∂v sI.-F-kv.-B¿.-Sn.-kn. _-kv I-≠-Œ¿ Hm-Snc-£-s∏-´p. _- n-s‚ A-Sn-bn¬ Ip-S-ßn-°n-S∂ ss_-°v bm-{X-°m-sc ^-b¿-t^mgv-kpw \m-´p-Im-cpw tN¿-∂v H-cp a-Wn°q-tdm-fw \-S-Øn-b ]-cn-{i-a-Øn-s\mSp-hn-em-Wv ]p-d-sØ-Sp-°m≥ km-[n-®Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v C-h-sc k-ao-]-sØ kzIm-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®¶n-epw ¢o-‰-kv H-gn-sI-bp-≈-h-sc c£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-√.- ar-X-tZ-l-߃ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw _-‘p°ƒ-°p hn-´p-\¬-In.- ]p-Ø≥Ip-cn-iv t]m-en-kv A-t\z-j-Ww Xp-S-ßn.-

jmÀ-P-bn Im-d-]-I-S-w; ae-bmfn a-cn-¨p

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv : jm¿-Pbn¬ Im-d-]-IS-Øn¬ ]cn-t°-‰v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn- I n¬- k - b n- e m- b n- c p- ∂ X-f-¶-c kz-tZ-in a-cn-®p. Xf-¶-c sN-´pw-Ip-gn ss_Øp¬ ssj-Jm i-co-^nse A-_q-_-°-dmWv (47) a-cn-®-Xv.I-gn-™ Xn-¶-fm-gv-N jm¿-P A¬ Jm-kn-an-ø B-ip-]-{Xn-°v ap-∂n-ep-≠mb A-]-I-S-Øn-em-Wv A-_q-_-°-dn-\v Kp-cp-X-c-ambn ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. I-S-bn¬ t]m-hm≥ Im¿ ]m¿-°v sNbv-Xv tUm¿ A-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS H-cp A-d-_n ]u-c≥ Hm-Sn-®ph-∂ Im¿ C-Sn-®p sX-dn-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. jm¿-P-bn-se kn.-sF.-Un D-tZym-K-ÿ-s‚ ho´n¬ 23 h¿-j-am-bn ss{U-h-dm-bn tPm-ensN-bv-Xp hcn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-_q-_-°¿. X-f-¶-c-bn-se ]-tc-Xcm-b A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿-˛-_o-^m-Øn-a Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS aI-\m-Wv. `m-cy: _p-jv-d. a-°ƒ: ssj-Jm i-co-^v, AIv-_¿, X-aow (aq-h-cpw kv-Iqƒ hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ). ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿, l-\o-^, P-eo¬ (Ccp-h-cpw jm¿-P), a-dn-bw, B-an-\, an-kv-cn-b, lm-P-d.

\m-epam-kw ap-¼v Im-Wm-Xm-bbmfpsS AØn-Iq-Sw I-s−-¯n D-∏-f: \m-epam-kw ap-ºv Im-Wm-Xm-b Hm-t´m ss{U-

^m-¯n-a -

C-Jv-_mÂ

\-_o-k-

]m-¯p-½

{ipXn

F-S-h-Æ-∏m-d: ]-tc-X-\mb A-º-e-h≥ No-Sn-°p-gn A-e-hn-bp-sS `m-cy ^mØn-a( 97). a-°ƒ: ap-l-ΩZv(d-^), A-–p (a-Zo-\), _-jo¿, B-b-Ω, a-dn-bw, ^m-Xn-a-°p-´n, ]-tc-X-bmb B-an-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: aPo-Zv, l-k≥, P-ao-e, ^mXn-a-°p-´n, km-Pn-Z.-

tIm-´-°¬: sX-∂-e shÃv_-km¿ tIm-em-sØmSn ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n-bp-sS aI≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv C-Jv-_m¬ (34).am-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b \-^o-kp. `-m-cy: -am-Pn-Z .a°ƒ: ln-_m ^m-Øn-a, ln-jm ^m-Øn-a. k-tlmZ-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv i-co-^v, lm-P-d, ssJ-dp∂o-k.

cm-a-]p-cw: sX-t°-∏p-dsØ ]-tc-X-\m-b a-t≠mØv]-d-ºn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy \-_o-k (80). a°ƒ: A-l-Ω-Zv, A-_q-_°¿, a-dn-bp-Ω, l-Δm DΩ, A-–p¬-d-km-Jv (Pn±), l-^v-k-Øv. a-cp-a°ƒ: J-Zo-P, ^m-Øn-a, km-°n-d, lw-k.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: Ip-≠q¿ h-S-s°-A-ßm-Sn ]-tc-X\m-b sIm-≠m-W-Øv ssk-X-e-hn-bp-sS `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ω (85). a-°ƒ. ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-´n, cmbo≥Ip-´n, lw-k. a-cp-a°ƒ. J-Zn-bm-ap, kpss_-Z, kp-sse-J.

tIm-gn-t°mSv: tIm-gnt°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tImf-Pv ap≥ kq-{]-≠v tUm. hn B¿ cm-tP-{μs‚ a-Iƒ {ip-Xn (23). saUn-°¬ hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bmbn-cp∂p. am-Xmhv: tUm. do-Ø cm-tP-{μ≥. ktlm-Zcn: \n-an-j. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v am-hq¿ tdmUv iv-a-im-\-Øn¬.

I-a-em \m-bÀ

tem-ln-Zm³-

N-¡n -

ssk\-_

]oXmw-_-c³

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: A-cn-b-√q¿ km-bn-_m-_ `-P-\-aTØn-\p k-ao-]w ]-tc-X\m-b a-\-bn¬ am-[-h≥\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy I-a-e-m\m-b¿ (84). a-°ƒ: {ioIp-am¿ (J-Ø¿), Ko-X (A-ta-cn-°). a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-\o-X, tKm-]p.

I-∑-\w: t]m-Ø-\q¿ ]tc-X-\m-b ]m-e-°-∏-dºn¬ th-em-bp-[-°p-dp∏n-s‚ a-I≥ tem-lnZm≥ (50). `m-cy: Iu-key. a-°ƒ: en≥-jn, ssI-kn, c-Rv-Pn-Zm-kv. acp-a-I≥: dn-\o-jv.-

Xn-cq¿: N-{a-h-´w i-¶cw-]-d-ºn¬ N-°n (64). `¿-Øm-hv: tImc≥. a-°ƒ: A-ø-∏≥, K-tW-i≥, _m-_p-cmPv, kp-`m-jv. a-cp-a°ƒ: c-Xn, an-\n, {]nb, B-i.

sh-ßmen: sN-dn-bI-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b a-ΩZv-tIm-bbp-sS `m-cy Xm-tg-tØ-cn ssk-\-_ (75). a°ƒ: j-ao-a, \mk¿, B-an-\, \-ko-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-_vZp¬ l-aoZv (jm¿P), ]tc-X\m-b A_p (]q-°mSv), A-_v-Zp√ (Xn-cq¿).

sN-dq-∏: Ip-∂-Øv-Ipfß-c ]o-Xmw-_-c≥ (58). ap≥ {Kmknw Po-h-\-°mc-\mWv. `mcy: {]k∂. a°ƒ: {]-_n-X, {]n-b. a-cpa°ƒ: l-co-jv H-fh-Æ, cm-P≥ F-S-h-Æ-∏m-d. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v.

ho-Sv hm-SIbv-s¡-Sp-¯v s]¬-hm-Wn-`w; A-©p-t]À ]n-Sn-bn tIm-´-bw: ho-Sv hm-S-I-bv-s°-Sp-Øv s]¨-hm-Wn-`w \-S-Øn-h-∂ A-©pt]¿ ]n-Sn-bn¬. c-≠p-t]¿ Hm-Sn c-£-s∏´p. tIm-´-b-w G-‰p-am-\q¿ ]m-tdm-en-°¬ I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]-sØ ho-´n¬ C-∂se t]m-en-kv \-S-Øn-b Xn-c-®n-en-em-Wv kw-ÿm-\-hym-]-I-am-bn s]¨-hm-Wn`w \-S-Øp-∂p-sh-∂v kw-i-bn-°p-∂ kwL-Øn-se I-Æn-Iƒ ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. tIm-´-bw Im-cm-∏p-g hm-g-bn¬ j-ao¿ lp-ssk≥ (25), Im-cm-∏p-g Im-°mw-]-dºn¬ kp-ta-jv (23), sIm-√w ]-Ø-\m-]pcw D-√-e kz-tZ-in-\n D-j (27), s]-cn-ß\m-Sv kz-tZ-in-\n am-b F-∂ A-ºn-fn (35), Nn-ß-h-\w km-bn-∏p-I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]w Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ A-b¿-°p-∂w Xm-fn-°-√v kz-tZ-in-\n A-\p tSm-an (23) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. A-Sq¿ G\m-Øv h-S-°-S-Øp-Im-hv c-Lp-`-h-\n¬ A-Pn-Ip-am¿ (46), Iq-tcm-∏-S kz-tZ-in k-

Xn-cq¿: s{Sbn≥ X-´n bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. A-∂m-c tXm-d∏-d-ºn¬ A-–p-√-bp-sS a-I≥ A-–p∂m-k¿ (38) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v aq-t∂m-sS Xn-cq¿ sd-bn¬-th kv-t‰-j-\v sX-°p-h-i-Øv Pn-√m sa-Un°¬ kv-t‰m-dn-\p k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Xn-cq-cn-se X-d-hm-´p ho-´n¬-\n-∂p ]m-fw ap-dn®pI-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Kp-Uv-kv s{S-bv-\n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cq¿ Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn- tam¿-®dn-bn¬. t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw C-∂p _-‘p°ƒ-°p hn-´p-sIm-Sp-°pw. A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv. ktlm-Z-c≥: jm-Pn.

G-‰p-am-\q¿ ]m-tdm-en-°ense ho-´n¬ \n∂v ]nSn-Iq-Snb s]¨hm-Wn-`-kwLw Pn F-∂n-h¿ Hm-Snc-£-s∏-´p. A-º-n-fn- en-kv kn-hn¬ Hm-^n-k-tdm-Sv ]m-tdm-enbpw c-£-s∏-´ A-Pn-Ip-am-dp-am-Wv s]¨- °-en-se ho-´nse-Øm≥ C-h¿ B-h-iyhm-Wn-`tI-{μ-Øn-s‚ \-S-Øn-∏p-Im¿. s∏-´p. Xp-S¿-∂v C-∂-se D-®-I-gn-™v aB-h-iy-°m¿-°v kv-{Xo-I-sf ]m-tdm-en- ^v-Xn-bn-epw bq-\n-t^m-an-epw F-Øn-b °-en-se hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ F-Øn-®psIm-Sp- t]m-en-kp-Im¿ ho-Sv h-f-™m-Wv kw-LsØ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. c-≠p-t]¿ ]n≥-h-i°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-h-cp-sS co-Xn. Pn-√m t]m-en-kv ta-[m-hn-°v H-cm-gv-N sØ hm-Xn-en-eq-sS Hm-Snc-£-s∏-´p. P-\p-h-cn 22\m-Wv A-Pn-Ip-am-dpw Aap-ºv e-`n-® kq-N-\-{]-Im-c-w t]m-en-kv \m-S-Io-b-am-bn C-h-sc h-e-bn¬ ho-gv- ºn-fn-bpw tN¿-∂v ho-Sv hm-S-I-bv-s°-SpØp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-Ã-a-dm-sW-∂v sS- Ø-Xv. ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-h-cn¬ \n-∂p In-´n-b en-t^m-Wn¬ ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-b t]m- U-b-dn-I-fn-epw t\m-´v]m-Up-I-fn-epw kw-

ÿm-\-Øn-s‚ hn-hn-[ `m-K-ß-fn-ep-≈ \q-dpI-W-°n-\mfp-I-fp-sS sS-en-t^m¨ \-º-cp-I-fp-≠v. C-h¿ D-]-tbm-Kn-® km≥-t{Sm Im-dpw Hm-t´m-dn-£-bpw t]men-kv I-Ã-Un-bnse-Sp-Øp. C-h-cn¬ \n∂v H-º-Xv sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wp-Iƒ, c≠v Xn-cn-®-dn-b¬ Im¿-Up-Iƒ, ss{U-hnMv sse-k≥-kv, K¿-`-\n-tcm-[-\ D-d-Iƒ, B‚n ^w-K-kv Kp-fn-I-I-fp-sS I-h-dpIƒ, kn.Un sπ-b¿ Xp-S-ßn-b-h I-s≠Sp-Øp. jq-hn-\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-® 32,000 cq]-bpw j-ao-dn-s‚-bpw A-Pn-Ip-am-dn-s‚bpw ]-gv-kp-I-fn¬ \n-∂v- 11,010 cq-]-bpw t]m-en-kv ]nSn-s®-SpØp. Un-ssh.-F-kv.]n hn -A-Pn-Øv, kn.sF jm-Pp tPm-kv, G-‰p-am-\q¿ Fkv.sF _n≥-kv tPm-k-^v, A-b-¿-Ip∂w F-kv.sF tam-l≥-Zm-kv F-∂n-hcpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ t]men-kmWv {]-Xn-I-sf ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv.

h-dp-tS-sX-∂p I-cp-Xp-∂ A-ÿn-Iq-Sw I-s≠-Øn. sIm-S-e-ap-K-dp-hn-se i-c-Xn(24)t‚-Xm-WnsX∂v _‘p-°ƒ Xn-cn-®-dn-™p. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS ssZtKm-fn-bn-se sIm-S-e-ap-K-dp Ip-∂n¬ `m-K-Øv k-ao]hm-kn-I-fm-Wv A-ÿn-Iq-Sw I-≠-Xv. k-ao-]w Is≠-Ønb sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wpw sN-cn-∏pw icØn-t‚-Xm-sW∂v _-‘p-°ƒ ÿnco-I-cn®p. Xp-S¿∂v t]m-en-kn¬- ]-cm-Xn \¬-Ip-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

_Êpw hm-\pw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bphmhv acn¨p

sN-ß-∂q¿: Fw.-kn. tdm-Un¬ sI.-F-kv.-B¿.-Sn.kn. kq-∏¿ ^m-Ãv _ pw hm-\pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v H-cmƒ a-cn-®p. \m-ept]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. H-cm-fp-sS \n-e Kpcp-X-c-am-Wv. A-kw kz-tZ-in A-–p¬ C-kvemw C{am≥ (26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. sSw-t]m {Sm-h-e¿ ss{Uh¿ ta¬-∏m-Sw h-≈-°m-en¬ hm-g-Ø-d-bn¬ {]-k∂≥ (48) B-Wv Kp-cp-X-cm-h-ÿ-bn¬ kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ I-gn-bp-∂-Xv. _-kv bm-{X-°m-cm-b tIm-´-bw B-b-∏-d-ºv a-Æp-Ip-t∂¬ tPm-bn am-Xyp (57), `m-cy Ip-™-Ω (55), ]m-Ww-Ip-gn ]p-Xp-°p-fØn¬ h¿-Ko-kv (73) F-∂n-h¿-°m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv°v 12.-15\m-bn-cp-∂p ap-f-°p-g ]©m-b-Øv Im-cym-e-b-Øn-\v ap-∂n¬ A-]-I-Sw \-S∂-Xv. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-c-tØ-°p- t]mhp-I-bm-bn-cp∂ _- n¬ F-Xn-tch-∂ \n-c-Ww I-S-{] tXmw-k¨ Im-‰-dn-Mv I-º-\n-bp-sS hm-l-\w C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. A-Sq-cn¬ t_-°-dn km-[-\-߃ F-Øn-® tijw Xn-cn-sI a-S-ßp-tºm-gm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. ¢o-\d - pw Im-‰d - n-Mv I-º\ - n-bn-se sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-ambncp∂p C-{am≥.

ho«nÂ\n¶v 300 ]-h-\pw D-]-I-c-W-§-fpw I-hÀ-¶p B-ep-h: ]q-´n-bn-´ ho-Sv Ip-ØnØp-d-∂v 300 ]-h≥ kz¿-W-hpw hn-e-]n-Sn-∏p≈ hm-®pw Sn.-hnbpw I-h¿-∂p.- B-ep-h-˛F-dWm-Ip-fw tZ-io-b-]m-X-bn¬ ]p-fn-t©m-Sv P-Mv-j-\p k-ao-]w I-´-°-b-Øv ho-´n¬ ss]-Pm-kv C-{_m-lo-an-s‚ ho-Sv Ip-ØnØp-d-∂m-Wv 300 ]-h≥ kz¿Ww, H-cp-e-£w cq-] hn-e-h-cp∂ Sn.-hn, A©pe-£w cq-] hne-h-cp-∂ tdm-f-Iv-kv hm-®v, C≥sh¿-´¿, _m-‰-dn F-∂n-h tam„n-®-Xv. i-\n-bm-gv-N cm-{Xn-bm-Wv Ih¿-® \-S-∂-Xv. C-f-b Ip-´n-bpsS Nn-In¬-kbv-°m-bn ss]-Pmkpw `m-cy-bpw c-≠p Ip-´n-I-fpw aq-∂pZn-h-k-am-bn F-d-Wm-Ip-fsØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-

em-bn-cp-∂p. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v c-t≠m-sS ss]-Pm-kv ho-´n¬ Xn-cn-s®-Øn-b-t∏mƒ A-b¬hm-kn-bm-Wv ]n-∂n-se hm-Xn¬ Xp-d-∂pIn-S-°p-∂-Xm-bn {i-≤bn¬s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v \S-Øn-b ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ A-Sp°-fhm-Xn-en-s‚ ]q-´p-Iƒ XI¿-Ø-Xm-bpw P-\¬ ®n-√v ap-dn®p-am-‰n-b-Xm-bpw I≠v ]-cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gmWv tamjWw \S-∂-Xmbn hy-‡-am-b-Xv. c-≠p\n-e-I-fp-≈ ho-Sn-s‚ Xm-g-sØ In-S-∏p-ap-dn-bnse Ae-am-cbn¬ tem-°-dn¬ kq-£n®-Xm-bn-cp-∂p kz¿-Ww. tem°-dn-\p-≈n¬ X-s∂ kq-£n-®ncp-∂ H-cp e-£w cq-]-bpw A©pe-£w hn-e-h-cp-∂ tdmf-Iv-kv hm-®pw A-e-am-c X-I¿-

Øti-jw tem-°-dpƒ-s∏-sS tam-„n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. C-tX ap-dn-°p-≈n-se I-´n-en¬ In-S∂ H-∂-c-e-£w cq-] hn-e-h-cp∂ em-]v-tSm-∏v \-jv-S-s∏-´n-´n-√. lm-fn¬ D-≠m-bn-cp-∂ Sn.-hnbpw I-h¿-∂p. ho-Sn-s‚ ]n-∂nse P-\¬°-ºn ap-dn-®m-Wv tam-„m-°ƒ D-≈n¬ IS-∂-sX∂m-Wv \n-K-a-\w. _n-kn-\-kpIm-c-\m-b ss]-Pm-kv aq-hm-‰p]p-g-bn¬\n-∂v H-∂-c-h¿-jw apºm-Wv Cu ho-´n-te-°v Xm-akw am-‰n-b-Xv. B-ep-h kn.-sF. C≥-Nm¿Pv sI Fw ap-c-fn, kv-s]-jy¬ {_m-©v F-kv.sF. \n-jm-Zv C{_m-low F-∂n-h-cpw hn-c-e-Sbm-f hn-Z-Kv-[-cpw ÿ-e-sØØn.


8

thÀ-]mSv jmÀ-P-bn Im-d-]-I-S-w; ]-cn-t¡-ä X-f-¦-c kz-tZ-in a-cn-¨p

sam-bv-Xo-³

Ip-ªn-sIm-«³

cw-K-\m-b-In

ImÀ-Xym-b-\n

Kw-Km-[-c³

a-dn-bw

IamÂ

ap-l-½-Zv Jm-en-_v

I-¬-∏-‰: \-K-c-k-`m ap≥ sN-b-¿-am-≥ F ]n l-ao-Zn-s‚ ]n-Xm-hv A√n-]-d sam-bv-Xo-≥ (75). a-‰p-a-°-ƒ: l-k-≥-Ip-´n I-º-f-°m-Sv, A-–p-¬e-Øo-^v, A-–p-¬ dlow (hym-]m-cn), AUz.F ]n ap-kv-X-^, B-bn-i I-º-f-°m-Sv, km-_n-d ap-´n-¬. a-cp-a°-ƒ: d-kn-b, ap-l-Ω-Zv I-º-f-°m-Sv, \-ko-a- dn∏¨, \u-jn-Z ap-´n-¬, k-do-\ Ip-´-aw-K-ew, B-en ap-´n-¬. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 9.30\v I-¬-∏-‰ ssaXm-\n-]-≈n J-_-¿ÿm-\n-¬.

sN-dp-h-Øq¿: sIm-S-°mSv B-\n-°m-Sn-bn-se ]pXn-b-h-f-∏n¬ Ip-™nsIm-´≥ (89). `m-cy: amWn-°w. a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bW≥ (J-Ø¿), _m-e-Irjv-W≥ (A-[ym-]-I≥ Pn.-bp.-]n.-F-kv, slm-kvZp¿-Kv I-S-∏p-dw), hn-iz-\mY≥ (J-Ø¿), _n-μp. acp-a-°ƒ: {]-ao-f, {]-k-∂ (A-[ym-]n-I F. -bp. ]n. -F-kv ssI-X-°m-Sv), kz-]v-\, Sn hn _m-_p. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-cmb Nn-cn, Ip-™-ºp, ]mdp, A-∏p.

I-∂n-am-cn: tNm-W-Ωhm-c-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-Øp-kzm-an Iu-≠-cpsS `m-cy cw-K-\m-b-In (91). a-°ƒ: X-¶-th-ep, tPym-Xn-th-ep, in-hm-\μ≥, I-\-I-a-Wn. a-cp-aI≥: B-dp-ap-Jw.

ap-g-∏n-e-ßm-Sv: Ip-fw_km¿ I-S-hp tdm-Un¬ hm-Wn-b≥ h-f-∏n¬ s\tøm-Øv Im¿-Xym-b-\n (74). `¿-Øm-hv: tKm-]me≥. a-°ƒ: cm-Po-h≥, k-Po-h≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _o-\, cm-P-{io.

\m-bv-°-´n: Hm-S-s°m-√n A-_q-_-°-dn-s‚ `m-cy adn-bw (70). a-°ƒ: A-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n, A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-ko-_ \mbv-°-´n, j-lo-d ]p¬-∏≈n.

]-¡À

A-½p A-½

]-ø-∂q¿: a-lm-tZ-h {Km-a-Øn-se am-[-hn\nhm-kn¬ Iq-h Kw-Km-[c≥ (66). `m-cy: Sn Sn hn ]-Xvan-\n. a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, jo-_, jo-P, cm-Pp. a-cpa-°ƒ: k-hn-X, jo-Pp (tI-c-fm-Iu-ap-Zn, sIm®n), Pn-Pp.

apt≠cn: kn hn lukn¬ ]-d-t°m-´v Iam¬ (80). `m-cy: I-Zo-kp-Ω. a°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^ (-{]-hmkn- eo-Kv ]-©m-b-Øv J-Pm-©n), ju-°-Øen, A-^v-k-Øv, \-_okp.

X-e-t»-cn: tN-‰w-Ip-∂v \m-bw-ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv Jm-en-_v (49). ]-tc-X\m-b X-e-t»-cn ap-\n-kn∏¬ ap≥ sN-b¿-am≥ kn Sn D-a¿Ip-´n-bp-sS aI-\m-Wv. `m-cy: ]n sI hn ko-\-Øv. a-°ƒ: ^ko¬ A-lv-kw, kmln¬, l-\m≥, A-Zn-b. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v kv-t‰-Un-bw Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

]-ßm-h-Xn A-½ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: tIm-´bw Im-\-Øpw-Nn-d-bnse h-en-bho-´n¬ ]n sI ]-flm-h-Xn A-Ω (80). `¿-Øm-hv: ]n hn ]-fl-\m-`≥ \m-b¿. a°ƒ: Ip-™-\-¥≥, N{μ-ti-J-c≥, D-j. a-cp-a°ƒ: tl-a, ]-hn-{X≥.

C-cn-´n: ]-g-b _kvÃm≥-Un-se an¬-am _q-Øn-\v k-ao-]w I-®h-Sw \-S-Øp-∂ C-cn-´n t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j-\v kao-]w Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ sI ]-°¿ (56) Ip-g™pho-Wv a-cn-®p. `mcy: P-ao-e. a-°ƒ: \uA-_q-_-¡À sIm-t≠m-´n: t]m-Øp-sh- ^¬, B-_n-Zv. k-tlm´n-∏m-d ]p-fn-b-t°m-S≥ A- Z-c-߃: \m-k¿, ap_q-_-°¿ (45). `m-cy: P- \o¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, lw-k, ao-e. a-°ƒ: Pm-knw, P-kv- l-k≥, A-bq-_v, ^me. Øn-a, B-kn-b.

ap-l-½-Zp-tIm-b am-tØm-´w: h-en-bI - Ø - v ap-lΩ - Z- p-tIm-b (sh-∏v) (60). `m-cy: P-ao-e. a-°ƒ: k-_o-lv, k¿-Pm-kv, kao¿, k¿-ko-Zv.

kp-µ-c³ s]m-∂m-\n: ]p-g-{ºw tXm-cw-]-d-ºn¬ kp-μc≥ (67). `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn\n. a-I≥: kp-[o¿. a-cp-aIƒ: Pn-j.

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: a-º-d-Øn\-p k-ao-]w ]-Sn-™m‰mw ap-dn-bn-se sN-dn-bmº-n-em-´p ]p-Ø≥ ]p-cbn¬ kn ]n A-Ωp- AΩ (92). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b A-Nyp-X≥. a°ƒ: ]-fln-\n, {io-[c≥, e-£v-an-°p-´n, I-aem-£n, cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥, Ko-X, k-Xy≥. acp-a-°ƒ: e-Xn, Zm-tam-Zc≥, kn Zm-tam-Z-c≥, kptc-jv, cm-[m-e-£v-an, ]tc-X-\m-b Ir-jv-W≥.

Ir-j-vW³ Iq-fn-am-Sv: sh-≈-e-t»-cn ]-cp-Øn-∏m-d Ir-jv-W≥ (35). `m-cy: im-¥. a-°ƒ: A-Yo≥ Ir-jv-W≥, AXp¬Ir-jv-W≥.

a-¯m-bn C-cn-´n: I-cn-t°m-´-°-cn Su-Wn-se hym-]m-cn Hmen-°¬ a-Øm-bn (82). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b CuØ-Ω. a-°ƒ: t_-_n, Ip-´n-®≥, X-¶-Ω, tPmkv, tPm¿-Pv, k-Pn, enkn, sP-bv-k¨. a-cp-a°ƒ: en-kn, sP-kn, A∏-®≥, an-\n, ^n-sb, kPp, Pn-jn.

\m-Wp Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sN-dp-hmt©-cn-bn-se s\-t√-cn®m¬ sh-≈n-tem-´v \mWp (58). `m-cy: I-a-e. a°ƒ: c-ta-iv, k-t¥mjv, k-μo-]v. a-cp-a-Iƒ: jn-Pn-\.

X-¦w th-ß-c: ]-d-∏q¿ C-cn-ß√q¿ I-√-°-bw Ip-dn™n-°m-´n¬ Ip-™≥ ssh-Zy-cp-sS `m-cy X-¶w (77). a-°ƒ: cm-Pn, cmP≥, _m-_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Kw-Km-[-c≥, C-μp, _nμp.

lw-k

]-ø-∂q¿: s]-cp-º ss_-]m-kv tdm-Un-se ]m-d-Ω¬ lmw-k (69). Ip-™n-aw-K-ew kz-tZin-bm-Wv. sI.Fw.kn.kn ]-ø∂q¿ a-fi-ew I-Ωn-‰nap-l-½-Zm-Pn Aw-Kw, s]-cp-º im]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: Nn-d-aw-K-e- Jm ap-kv-enw eo-Kv IsØ \-cn-tIm-S≥ ap-l-Ω- Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw F-∂o \nZm-Pn (94). `m-cy-am¿: \e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn^o-k, ]m-Øp-Ωp. a-°ƒ: ®ph-cn-I-bm-Wv. `m-cy: C-{_m-low, A-–p¬ Assk-\-_. ko-kv, A-–p-∂m-k¿, a-°ƒ: ssk-\p-±o≥, ssk-X-e-hn, ^m-Øn-a, \m-k¿ (C-cp-h-cpw kvssk-\-_, kp-ss_-Z, _p-jv-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: t]m- ssI tKmƒ-Uv ]m¿-´v°¿, ssk-X-e-hn, A-_q- W¿-am¿), k-°o-\, d_-°¿, lm-dq¨ d-jo-Zv, jo-Z, d-ko-\. a-cp-akp-ss_-Z, B-bn-im-_n, °ƒ: \-Po-_v, A-–pk-°o-\, B-bn-i. √, \n-bm-kv.

J-Zo-P I-cp-h≥-Xn-cp-Øn: sImS-te-cn-Ω¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-t≠m-fn A-–p-¿-dlvam≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P (60). a-°ƒ: I-ΩZv, jm-ln-Z, ^n-tdm-kv.

Im-fn ^-tdm-°v: ]p-s‰-°m-Sv hm-f-°-S Im-fn (84). ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-∏p-°p´≥, Ip-´≥, A-∏p, _me-Ir-jv-W≥, am-fp-°p´n, ]-tc-X-cm-b A-Ωp°p-´n, C-ºn-®p-´n.

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv : jm¿-Pbn¬ Im-d-]-IS-Øn¬ ]cn-t°-‰v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn- I n¬- k - b n- e m- b n- c p- ∂ X-f-¶-c kz-tZ-in a-cn-®p. Xf-¶-c sN-´pw-Ip-gn ss_Øp¬ ssj-Jm i-co-^nse A-_q-_-°-dmWv (47) a-cn-®-Xv.I-gn-™ Xn-¶-fm-gv-N jm¿-P A¬ Jm-kn-an-ø B-ip-]-{Xn-°v ap-∂n-ep-≠mb A-]-I-S-Øn-em-Wv A-_q-_-°-dn-\v Kp-cp-X-c-ambn ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. I-S-bn¬ t]m-hm≥ Im¿ ]m¿-°v sNbv-Xv tUm¿ A-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS H-cp A-d-_n ]u-c≥ Hm-Sn-®ph-∂ Im¿ C-Sn-®p sX-dn-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. jm¿-P-bn-se kn.-sF.-Un D-tZym-K-ÿ-s‚ ho´n¬ 23 h¿-j-am-bn ss{U-h-dm-bn tPm-ensN-bv-Xp hcn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-_q-_-°¿. X-f-¶-c-bn-se ]-tc-Xcm-b A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿-˛-_o-^m-Øn-a Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS aI-\m-Wv. `m-cy: _p-jv-d. a-°ƒ: ssj-Jm i-co-^v, AIv-_¿, X-aow (aq-h-cpw kv-Iqƒ hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ). ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿, l-\o-^, P-eo¬ (Ccp-h-cpw jm¿-P), a-dn-bw, B-an-\, an-kv-cn-b, lm-P-d.

\m-epam-kw ap-¼v Im-Wm-Xm-b Hm-t«m ss{U-h-dp-sS A-Øn-Iq-Sw I-s−-¯n

D-∏-f: \m-epam-kw ap-ºv Im-Wm-Xm-b Hm-t´m ss{Uh-dp-tS-sX-∂p I-cp-Xp-∂ A-ÿn-Iq-Sw I-s≠-Øn. sIm-S-e-ap-K-dp-hn-se i-c-Xn(24)t‚-Xm-WnsX∂v _‘p-°ƒ Xn-cn-®-dn-™p. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS ssZtKm-fn-bn-se sIm-S-e-ap-K-dp Ip-∂n¬ `m-K-Øv k-ao]hm-kn-I-fm-Wv A-ÿn-Iq-Sw I-≠-Xv. k-ao-]w Is≠-Ønb sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wpw sN-cn-∏pw icØn-t‚-Xm-sW∂v _-‘p-°ƒ ÿnco-I-cn®p. Xp-S¿∂v t]m-en-kn¬- ]-cm-Xn \¬-Ip-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

am-Xm-hn-\pw a-¡Ä-¡pw s]m-Å-te-äp: NnInÂkbn-en-cns¡ C-f-b-a-I³ a-cn-¨p Im-fn-Im-hv: a-sÆ-Æhn-f]m-¯p-ss½

A-dp-ap-J³ -

sX-¿-¯n-c

G-en-bm-½

^-tdm-°v: I-≈n-sØm-Sn ]-tc-X-\m-b I-f-Øn߬ sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n-bpsS `m-cy ]m-Øp-ssΩ (92). a-°ƒ: Ip-´ym-ap (dnbm-Zv), A-iv-d-^v, J-Zo-P, \-^o-k, B-an-\-°p-´n. acp-a-°ƒ: \q-dp-±o≥, a-ΩZv-tIm-b, ssk-X-e-hn, kp-ss_-Z, dw-e. k-tlmZ-c≥: ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-´n.

hm-g-°m-Sv: ap-≥ Kzm-fntbm¿ d-tbm¨-kv Po-h\-°m-c-\pw t{Km bq-\nb≥ tPm. sk-{I-´-dn-bpam-bn-cp-∂ ap-≠p-ap-gn sNdp-h-´q¿ N-°p-߬ kn A-dp-ap-J≥ (71). `m-cy: k-Xn. a-°ƒ: i-lv\, in_v\, i-iv-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Kn-co-jv _m-_p, jm-Pn, {io-Pn-Øv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: l-cn-Zm-k≥, i-in[-c≥, ]m¿-h-Xn, k-tcmPn-\n, e-fn-X, kp-tem-N\, Kw-K.

\-cn-°p-\n: ]-ø-Sn-]p-dmbn¬ sX-ø-Øn-c (79). `mcy: k-tcm-Pn-\n. a-°ƒ: ao\m-£n, \m-cm-b-W≥, them-bp-[≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b Pm-\p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-_p, Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n, e-X, \nj. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tcX-\m-b ]p-Xn-bm-≠n. k©-b-\w _p-[-\mgvN.

\n-e-ºq¿: Nm-en-bm¿ {Kma-∏-©m-b-Øv ap≥ {]-knU‚ v C-Sn-h-Æ-bn-se t]mƒ C-©-\m-en-s‚ `mcy G-en-bm-Ω t]mƒ (71). a-°ƒ: en-kmt_-_n s]cp-hn¬, s_-∂n t]mƒ, _n-t\m-bn t]mƒ, am-Xyqkv t]mƒ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: dmWn, \n-j, ]-tc-X-\m-b t_-_n s]-cp-hn¬.

ap-l-½-Zv Iq-fn-am-Sv: Ip-‰n-°p-fw ¢m-tb-cn ap-l-Ω-Zv (60). `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: Pm-_n-Zv, A-–p- -emw (Zp-_-bv), i-ao¿ (kuZn), kp-ss_-Z. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p- -emw, dpJv-km-\, im-^n-\.

]-c-ta-iz-c³ Ip-º-f-ßn:s]-cp-º-S-∏v Nm-º-°¬- ]-c-ta-izc≥(72). `m-cy:Ip-º-fßn Rm-h-en-¶¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw ssh-P-b-¥n. a°ƒ:jo-e, jo-_, joP, jn-en≥,]m¿-Δ-Xn. acp-a-°ƒ:l-cn, km-_p, tl-a.

Hm-a-\ B-b-h-\:a-S-Øm-´v ]-tcX-\m-b tam-l-\-s‚ `mcy Hm-a-\(55). ]-tc-X amdm-Sn A-¥ym-f-Øn¬ IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 9\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: Zo]p,c-X-o-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kv-an-X, A-l-ey.

cm-a-Zm-kv N-h-d: \o-≠-I-c ]pØ≥-Xp-d sIm-®p-]o-Sn-Ibn¬(]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ Xd-bn¬) sI cm-a-Zmkv(68). `m-cy: k-c-bq-tZhn.

B-en-t¡m-b

\m-cm-b-W³ \-¼q-Xn-cn

{]-`m-I-c ]n-jm-tcm-Sn

D-½À lm-Pn

I-Æt- ©-cn: I-Xy-kw-ho´n¬ B-en-t°m-b (83). `m-cy: Im-´n¬-ho-´n¬ Cºn-®n. a-°ƒ: A-lΩ - Z- v (Z-Ωmw), \m-k¿ (Ip-sshØv), ap-lΩ - Z- v lm-jnw (F-Ivk - n ^q-´vt- h¿), C-kvlm-Jv (Zp-_b - v), B-an-\_n (Ip-ssh-Øv), lm-Pd - . a-cp-a° - ƒ: sIm-im-\n-ho´n¬ D-Ω¿-tIm-b (IpJ-Zo-P ssh-Øv), ]p-Xn-bI - Ø - v B-ep-h: Xp-cp-Øv ]-cn-bm- ssd-lm-\-¯v k-°c - n-b, _-bm-cw-hoc-Øv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b I-°-´n¬: ]m-Xn-cn-∏-‰ ´n¬ l-^vk - , ]-≈n-°ap-lΩ - Z- n-s‚ (dn-´.F-kv.- sh-¶-ep-≈-X-d-bn-se ]- ≠n-bn¬ k-^n-b, H-Pn‚_n.-Sn _m-¶v)`m-cy J-Zo- Sn-™m-sd ]-d-º-Øv kq- I-Øv \m-Zn-b, I-Sm-°e P(87). B-ep-h ]q-tIm∏n-bp-sS a-Iƒ ssd-lm-\- Iw tkm-\. ´n¬ th-g∏ - n-≈n Ip-SpwØv (21). `¿-Øm-hv: AX-¦w _mw-Ka - m-Wv.a-°ƒ:-APv\m-kv (sXm-´n¬-∏mh-S-°m-t©-cn: Nm-en–p-¬ k-emw(dn-´.Few). am-Xm-hv: B-bn-i. a- °p-∂v ho-´n¬- X-¶w(64). kv._n.-Sn)-, A-–p-√(AIƒ: ss^-l ^m-Øn-a I≥: \n-Jn¬-Zm-kv. a-cp°u-≠‚ - v), A-–p¬ l- (F-´p- am-kw). k-tlm-Z- aa-Iƒ: [-\y. ao-Zv, A-–p-¬ P-∫m¿cn-am¿; km-Pn-Z, k-ao-d. (ku-Zn),^m-Øn-a_ - ocmP³ hn,sF-jm-_o-hn, k-_q-d s]m¶³ t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n: A-a-cm_o-hn, kp-sse-J _o-hn, _m-e-cm-a-]pcw: I√nh-Xn A-¥n-°m-Sv dw-em _o-hn. a-cp-a° - ƒ:]- bq¿ s]-cnß-Ω-e imcmP≥(76). a-°ƒ:kp-a co-Xv ]n-≈,- C-ka v- m-bn¬, ¥m k-Z-\-Øn¬ s]mk-J-dn-b,^n-en-∏v cmA-–p¬ a-Po-Zv, A-–p¬ ∂≥ (95). P≥, do-\,A-P-bv cm-Pv P-eo¬, A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿, `m-cy: C-μn-c. A-¥n-°m-Sv. a-cp-a_o-^m-Øn-a, sF-j, k- a°ƒ: im-¥-I-p-am-cn, °ƒ:_m-_p, t{K-kn, eo-\, apw-Xm-kv. iym-a-f-Ip-amcn. _n-Pp, Pn-b.

Xn-cq¿: sX-°pw-ºm-´v a-\°¬ \m-cm-b-W≥ \-ºqXn-cn (83). Zo¿-L-Im-ew aw-K-ew hn-t√-Pv Hm-^n-kdm-bncp-∂p. aw-K-ew a-lm in-h-t£-{Xw {S-Ãn-bmbncp∂ Ct±lw Xm-b-ºI Xp-S-ßn-b t£-{XI-eI-fn¬ hn-Z-Kv-[-\m-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: B-cym-tZ-hn-. a°ƒ: kp-[o-i≥, kp-\n¬Ip-am¿, kp-Pn-ØvIp-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-tZ-hn A¥¿-P-\w, [-\y, b-ap-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X\m-b Sn -Fw Ir-jv-W≥ \ºq-Xn-cn (dn-´. sl-Uv-amÿ hn.-hn.-bp.-]n.F-kv. tN-∂-c), ]-tc-X-bm-b tZh-In A-¥¿-P-\w, kp-{_“-Wy≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn (dn-´. sU-]yq-´n No-^v F-≥Pn\o-b¿ sI.-F-kv.-C.-_n).

s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: Im-f-IWv-tT-iz-c ]n-jm-c-Øv {]-`m-I-c ]n-jm-tcm-Sn(82). `m-cy: ]n ]n \m-cmb-Wn°p-´n (dn-´. am-t\P¿, A¿-_≥ _m-¶v, s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ). a-°ƒ: ]n ]n k-Xy-\m-cm-bW≥, ap-c-fn Ir-jv-W≥ (hn-P-b t_-¶v, sImt≠m-´n), tZ-h-In (A[ym-]n-I, Pn.bp.]n.Fkv ]m-ßv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: an-\n (]n.F-®v.kn.sN-Ωe-t»-cn), th-Wp-tKm-]me≥ (Pn.F¬.]n.Fkv.]p-em-t»-cn). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v 12\v sjm¿Wq¿ im-¥n Xo-c-Øv.

s]-cn-º-ew: s]m-‰-Ω¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Iq-cn-aÆn¬ ap-t≠m-´p-a-Æn¬ _m-∏p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ DΩ¿ lm-Pn (58). am-Xmhv: ^m-Xn-a. `m-cy: ^mXn-a-m kp-lv-d. a-°ƒ: Pkvv-\, P-ko-\, Pp-ssa-e, P-ko-e, D-a¿ ap-‡m¿ _m-Zv-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: djo-Zv (Pn-±), \-Po-_v (a°), \u-^¬ _m-_p (Pn-±), Pw-jo¿ jm-^n (Pn-±). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ip-™m≥, ^m-Xn-a, Bbn-i, ssa-aq-\.

N-{µ³

I-®³

tKm-]n-\m-Y³

i-io-{µ³

Ip-ªm-bn³-Ip-«n- lm-Pn

Ip-ªn-tam³ lm-Pn

cm-a-]p-cw: ]m-Xn-c-a-Æ-bnse aw-K-e-Øn¬ Ip-´≥ F-gp-Ø-—-s‚ a-I≥ N{μ≥ (60). am-Xm-hv: ]m-dp°p-´n-b-Ω. `m-cy: ]-Xv-an\n. a-°ƒ: ssj-e-P, h\-P, Xp-f-kn, jn-t\m-Pv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip™≥, Ip-™p-e-£v-an, \m-cm-b-W≥, tZ-h-In.

]-tøm-fn: sIm-fm-hn-∏mew Iq-S-Øm-g I-Æ≥ (85). `m-cy: \m-cm-b-Wn. a°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, Zm-k≥, Zn-t\-i≥, kt¥m-jv (Ip-sshØv), ]tc-X-\m-b i-in. a-cp-a°ƒ: I-a-e, t{]-a, t{]an, k-Pn-\, an-\n. k-©-b\w sNm-ΔmgvN.

sIm-√-t¶m-Sv: kn.Sn. ]m-fbw ]-tc-X-\m-b F F-kv Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n- a-μm-Sn-bmcp-sS a-I≥ F sI tKm-]n\m-Y≥ (45). `m-cy: t__n. a-°ƒ: c¨-Pn-Xv, cmlp¬. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: l-cn-Zm-kv, {]-Im-i≥, IÆ≥, k-Xo-jv, N-{μn-I, t_-_n, D-j,{io-P.

\-cn-°p-\n: ]m-e-ßm-Sv Nm-ep-I-≠n-bn¬ i-io{μ≥ (55). `m-cy: X-¶-aWn. a-°ƒ: l-cn-{]n-b, hn-jv-Wp-{]n-b. k-tlm-Zc-߃: im-¥-Ip-am-cn, km-hn-{Xn, k-Xy-{h-X≥, kp-io-e, c-Xv-\m-I-c≥, A-ar-X-Ip-am-cn, ]-tc-Xbm-b k-tcm-Pn-\n-A-Ω. k-©-b-\w hym-gmgvN.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: Xn-cp-hßq¿ In-g-s° Ip-∂m-SØv sF sI Ip-™mbn≥-Ip-´n lm-Pn (85). a°ƒ: ^m-Xzn-a, P-ao-e, kp-sse-J (_n.Fkv.F≥.F¬), ^u-knb. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-ent°m-b, sam-bv-Xo≥, A–p¿-d-lv-am≥, ap-l-ΩZvtIm-b (]q-°m-Sv).

N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: am-¥-Sw Ip-dp-∏n-s‚-Sn-°¬ Ip™n-tam≥ lm-Pn (_pJm-cn-˛68). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: e-Øo-^v, kpsse-J, sk-ao-d, kp-a-bØv, ko-\-Øv, j-l-\, lw-Z-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \q¿P-lm≥, e-Øo-^v, bq-k^v, A-iv-d-^v, \m-k¿, \ko¿, ^n-tdm-kv.

_m-e-N-{µ³

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: A-√-{] I-c-h-´v ]m-™n-bv-°¬_m-ep-t»-cn: F-c-aw-K-ew ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b inh-i-¶-c-]n-≈ a-I≥ _mh-S-s° tIm-a-Øv ]-Ire-N-{μ≥(N-{μ≥-˛62) Ip-´n (85). a-°ƒ: \-^ok, kp-ss_-Z, I-Zo-i-°p- lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw-aq-ew a´n, ap-l-Ω-Zv A-en, kpcn-®p. `m-cy: e-fn-X-Ip-amPo¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp, cn. a-°ƒ:_n-μp, a-[p, Ca-Ω-Xv-tIm-b, A-–p¬ a- μp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-cn,\nPo-Zv, j-°o-e. j, {]-ho-¨.

]-Ir-Ip-«n

A-Ðp Im-ZnÀ am-ÌÀ ]m-h-d-´n: a-cp-X-bq¿ ]pfn-®m-dw ho-´n¬ ]m-{X am-Ω-Xv a-I-\pw ap-kvenw-eo-Kv ]m-h-d-´n ]©m-b-Øv ap≥ P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-d-n-bp-am-b A–p¬ Im-Zn¿ amÿ(74). `m-cy: kp-ldm-_n. a-°ƒ: I-_o¿, P-eo¬, d-kn-b, sk-bv^p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sj-°oe, Pm-kv-an≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-j-d-^v.

s]-cn-bmÀ I-Sp-hk-t¦-X-¯n ¹m-Ìn-Iv D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v Im-«m-\ N-cn-ªp Ip-a-fn/I-W-a-e: s]-cn-bm¿ I-Sp-hk-t¶-X-Øn-\p≈n-se i-_-cn-a-e h-\-ta-J-e-bn¬ πm-Ãn-Iv D≈n¬-s®-∂v Im-´m-\- N-cn-™p. Xo¿-∞m-S-I¿ D-t]£n-® πm-Ãn-Iv D-≈n¬ sN-∂-Xn-\m-em-hmw B-\ N-cn-™-sX-∂m-Wv h-\w-h-Ip-∏n-s‚ \n-K-a-\w. i-\n-bm-gv-N-bm-Wv i-_-cn-a-e h-\-ta-J-e-bnse h-en-bm-\-h-´w `m-K-Øv H-cm-gv-N-tbm-fw ]-g-°-ap-≈ Im´m-\-bp-sS P-Uw h-\-]m-e-I¿ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. tIm-∂n-bn-se h-\w h-Ip-∏v ko-\n-b¿ sh-‰-dn-\-dn Hm-^n-k¿ i-io-{μ-tZ-hn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep-≈ kw-Lw \-S-Øn-b t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-¬ 40 h-bt m-fw {]m-b-ap-≈ ]n-Sn-bm-\-bp-sS B-am-i-bØn¬ \n-∂p c-≠v In-tem-tbm-fw `m-c-ap-≈ πm-ÃnIv I-s≠-Øn. πm-Ãn-Iv I-h-dp-I-fpw A-eq-an-\n-bw t]-∏-dp-I-fpw Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ am-en-\y-ß-fm-Wv B-\-bp-sS h-b-‰n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. πm-Ãn-Iv D≈n¬ Ip-Sp-ßn-b-tXm-sS Zl-\-{]-{In-b-bn-ep≠mb XI-cm¿aqew ]n-fi-an-Sm≥ I-gn-bm-sX IpS¬ s]m-´n-b-Xm-Wv N-cn-bm≥ Im-c-W-sa-∂m-Wv t]m-Ãvtam¿-´-Øn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. P-Uw h-\Øn¬X-s∂ a-d-hp-sN-bv-Xp. N-cn-™ B-\-bpƒs∏-´ Im´m-\-°q-´sØ Xo¿-∞m-S-\ Im-e-Øv Cu {]-tZ-i-Øv ]-e-X-h-W I-≠n-cp-∂-Xm-bn h-\-]m-eI¿ ]-d-™p. \n-e-°¬ ]m¿-°nMv {Ku-≠n-\p k-ao-]-Øv Aø-∏-`-‡-¿ D-t]-£n-® πm-Ãn-Iv am-ey-\y-߃ sI´n-°n-S-∂n-cp-∂p. C-h- \o-°wsN-ø-W-sa-∂v Im-Wn®v h-\w-h-Ip-∏v ]-e-X-h-W tZ-h-kzw t_m¿-Un-\v t\m-´o-kv \¬-In-bn-cp-s∂-¶n-epw \-S-]-Sn-bp-≠mbn-´n-√. ap-ºv Cu `m-K-Øv N-cn-™ B-\-I-fp-sS hb-‰n-epw πm-Ãn-Iv I-s≠-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. Iq-Sm-sX Chn-Sp-sØ πm-Ãv-Iv Iq-ºm-cw æm-hp-I-ƒ Dƒ-s∏-sSbp-≈ a-‰p Po-hn-I-ƒ-°pw `o-j-Wn-bm-hp-sa-∂m-Wv h-\w-h-Ip-∏-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-d-bp-∂-Xv.

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W³

tIm-b-¡p-«n

A-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n-

`m-kv-I-c³ -\m-bÀ

]-c-ta-iz-c³ -\m-bÀ

Ip-ªn-¡-®³

I-Sn-b-ßm-Sv: Iq-Øm-fn ]p\-Øn¬ Ip-™n-t°-tfmØv tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ (55).`m-cy: A-\n-X. a-°ƒ: A-Jn-te-jv, A-\n-te-jv, A-`n-te-jv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: hm-kp, {]-Zo-]v, ktcm-Pn-\n, Ip-™n-cm-a≥.

]m-em-gn: F-S° - ≠ - nC sI tIm-b° - p-´n (49). `mcy: dp-Jvk - m-\. a-°ƒ: dmkn-Jv, d-ko-Jv, d-ln-kv. ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: t]m-°d - men, B-an-\, k-do-\, dw-jne, B-s®-bv, ko-\Ø - v, ssk-\_ - , \-_o-k.

Ip-dp-h: ao-\m¿-Ip-gn cm-bn∏-d-ºn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b ap√-∏-≈n Xm-g-tØ-Xn¬ DÆo≥ F-∂ C-∏p-hn-s‚ aI≥ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (Ip´ym-∏p˛85). `m-cy: Ip-™mØp-´n. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬Jm-Z¿, ap-l-Ω-Z-en.

h-fm-t©-cn: C-cn-ºn-fn-bw a-t¶-cn I-Æ-i≥ -ho-´n¬ `m-kv-I-c≥ \m-b¿ (70). `m-cy: B-\-μ-e-£v-an. a°ƒ: {]-ao-f, {]-Im-iv. a-cpa-I≥: k-Zm-in-h≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: N-{μ-a-Xn, k-c-kz-Xn, hn-em-kn-\n.

F-S-∏mƒ: I-≠-\-Iw ]d-∏q-cv h-en-b-ho-´n¬ ]-cta-iz-c-≥- \m-b¿ (85). `m-cy: tZ-h-In-b-Ω. a°ƒ: i-in-Ip-am¿, tKm]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-‘y, {io-P.

Nn-‰m-cn-∏-d-ºv: h-ÆmØn-aq-e h-en-b-]-d-ºØv ho-´n¬ s]m-∂-ºØv Ip-™n-°-Æ≥ (79). `m-cy: im-c-Z. a-°ƒ: bp k-l-tZ-h-\v-U, N-{μ≥, hn-\o-X, ]-tc-X-bm-b N{μn-I.

ho-Sv hm-SIbv-s¡-Sp-¯v s]¬-hm-Wn-`w: A-©p-t]À ]n-Sn-bn tIm-´-bw: ho-Sv hm-S-I-bv-s°-Sp-Øv s]¨-hm-Wn-`w \-S-Øn-h-∂ A-©pt]¿ ]n-Sn-bn¬. c-≠p-t]¿ Hm-Sn c-£-s∏´p. tIm-´-b-w G-‰p-am-\q¿ ]m-tdm-en-°¬ I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]-sØ ho-´n¬ C-∂se t]m-en-kv \-S-Øn-b Xn-c-®n-en-em-Wv kw-ÿm-\-hym-]-I-am-bn s]¨-hm-Wn`w \-S-Øp-∂p-sh-∂v kw-i-bn-°p-∂ kwL-Øn-se I-Æn-Iƒ ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. tIm-´-bw Im-cm-∏p-g hm-g-bn¬ j-ao¿ lp-ssk≥ (25), Im-cm-∏p-g Im-°mw-]-dºn¬ kp-ta-jv (23), sIm-√w ]-Ø-\m-]pcw D-√-e kz-tZ-in-\n D-j (27), s]-cn-ß\m-Sv kz-tZ-in-\n am-b F-∂ A-ºn-fn (35), Nn-ß-h-\w km-bn-∏p-I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]w Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ A-b¿-°p-∂w Xm-fn-°-√v kz-tZ-in-\n A-\p tSm-an (23) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. A-Sq¿ G\m-Øv h-S-°-S-Øp-Im-hv c-Lp-`-h-\n¬ A-Pn-Ip-am¿ (46), Iq-tcm-∏-S kz-tZ-in k-

G-‰p-am-\q¿ ]m-tdm-en-°ense ho-´n¬ \n∂v ]nSn-Iq-Snb s]¨hm-Wn-`-kwLw Pn F-∂n-h¿ Hm-Snc-£-s∏-´p. A-º-n-fn- en-kv kn-hn¬ Hm-^n-k-tdm-Sv ]m-tdm-enbpw c-£-s∏-´ A-Pn-Ip-am-dp-am-Wv s]¨- °-en-se ho-´nse-Øm≥ C-h¿ B-h-iyhm-Wn-`tI-{μ-Øn-s‚ \-S-Øn-∏p-Im¿. s∏-´p. Xp-S¿-∂v C-∂-se D-®-I-gn-™v aB-h-iy-°m¿-°v kv-{Xo-I-sf ]m-tdm-en- ^v-Xn-bn-epw bq-\n-t^m-an-epw F-Øn-b °-en-se hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ F-Øn-®psIm-Sp- t]m-en-kp-Im¿ ho-Sv h-f-™m-Wv kw-LsØ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. c-≠p-t]¿ ]n≥-h-i°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-h-cp-sS co-Xn. Pn-√m t]m-en-kv ta-[m-hn-°v H-cm-gv-N sØ hm-Xn-en-eq-sS Hm-Snc-£-s∏-´p. P-\p-h-cn 22\m-Wv A-Pn-Ip-am-dpw Aap-ºv e-`n-® kq-N-\-{]-Im-c-w t]m-en-kv \m-S-Io-b-am-bn C-h-sc h-e-bn¬ ho-gv- ºn-fn-bpw tN¿-∂v ho-Sv hm-S-I-bv-s°-SpØp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-Ã-a-dm-sW-∂v sS- Ø-Xv. ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-h-cn¬ \n-∂p In-´n-b en-t^m-Wn¬ ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-b t]m- U-b-dn-I-fn-epw t\m-´v]m-Up-I-fn-epw kw-

ÿm-\-Øn-s‚ hn-hn-[ `m-K-ß-fn-ep-≈ \q-dpI-W-°n-\mfp-I-fp-sS sS-en-t^m¨ \-º-cp-I-fp-≠v. C-h¿ D-]-tbm-Kn-® km≥-t{Sm Im-dpw Hm-t´m-dn-£-bpw t]men-kv I-Ã-Un-bnse-Sp-Øp. C-h-cn¬ \n∂v H-º-Xv sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wp-Iƒ, c≠v Xn-cn-®-dn-b¬ Im¿-Up-Iƒ, ss{U-hnMv sse-k≥-kv, K¿-`-\n-tcm-[-\ D-d-Iƒ, B‚n ^w-K-kv Kp-fn-I-I-fp-sS I-h-dpIƒ, kn.Un sπ-b¿ Xp-S-ßn-b-h I-s≠Sp-Øp. jq-hn-\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-® 32,000 cq]-bpw j-ao-dn-s‚-bpw A-Pn-Ip-am-dn-s‚bpw ]-gv-kp-I-fn¬ \n-∂v- 11,010 cq-]-bpw t]m-en-kv ]nSn-s®-SpØp. Un-ssh.-F-kv.]n hn -A-Pn-Øv, kn.sF jm-Pp tPm-kv, G-‰p-am-\q¿ Fkv.sF _n≥-kv tPm-k-^v, A-b-¿-Ip∂w F-kv.sF tam-l≥-Zm-kv F-∂n-hcpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ t]men-kmWv {]-Xn-I-sf ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv.

°n¬-\n-∂v Xo-]-S¿-∂v amXm-hn-\pw aq-∂p- a-°ƒ°pw s]m-≈-te-‰ kw-`-hØn¬ C-f-b-a-I≥ a-cn-®p. A-º-e-°-S-hv t]-hp-¥-dbn-se hm-S-bn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zns‚ `m-cy ssa-aq-\ (47), a°-fm-b dn-bm-kv (27), i-co^v (25), X-kv-co-^v (19) F∂n-h¿-°m-Wv s]m-≈-te-‰-Xv. C-f-b-a-I≥ X-kvco-^v C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fPnem-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ am-kw 27\v cm-{Xn G-g-c-tbm-sS-bmbncp∂p kw-`-hw. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn s]m-≈-te-‰ X-kvco-^pw dn-bm-kpw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-epw ssa-aq-\bpw i-co-^pw h-≠q-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bnep-am-Wv Nn-In¬-k tX-Sn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. I-Øn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂ hn-f-°n¬ ssa-aq-\ a-sÆÆ H-gn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS I-∂m-kn¬ \n-∂v h-kv-{X-Ønte-°p a-sÆ-Æ tNm¿-∂v Xo B-fn-°-Øp-I-bm-bncp-∂p. am-Xm-hn-s\ c-£n-°m-\p-≈ {i-a-Øn-\n-sS-bmWv a-°ƒ-°pw s]m-≈-te-‰-Xv. a-dn-™p-ho-W a-sÆÆ-∏m-{X-Øn¬-\n-∂v H-gp-In-b a-sÆ-Æ-bn-epw Xo]S¿∂v A-Sp-°-f ]m-sS I-Øn-\nin-®n-cp∂p. _l-fwtI-´v Hm-Sn-sb-Øn-b ]n-Xm-hv ap-l-Ω-Zm-Wv \mep-t]-sc-bpw ]p-d-sØ-Øn-®-Xv. Hm-Sn-°q-Sn-b A-b¬hm-kn-I-ƒ Xo-b-W-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p. t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw h≥-P\m-h-en-bp-sS km-∂n-[y-Øn¬ ]-≈n-t»-cn J-_¿ÿm-\n¬ a-dh - psN-bvX - p.

_Êpw hm-\pw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bphmhv acn¨p; \m-ept]À-¡v ]-cn-¡v

sN-ß-∂q¿: Fw.-kn. tdm-Un¬ sI.-F-kv.-B¿.-Sn.kn. kq-∏¿ ^m-Ãv _ pw hm-\pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v H-cmƒ a-cn-®p. \m-ept]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. H-cm-fp-sS \n-e Kpcp-X-c-am-Wv. A-kw kz-tZ-in A-–p¬ C-kvemw C{am≥ (26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. sSw-t]m {Sm-h-e¿ ss{Uh¿ ta¬-∏m-Sw h-≈-°m-en¬ hm-g-Ø-d-bn¬ {]-k∂≥ (48) B-Wv Kp-cp-X-cm-h-ÿ-bn¬ kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ I-gn-bp-∂-Xv. _-kv bm-{X-°m-cm-b tIm-´-bw B-b-∏-d-ºv a-Æp-Ip-t∂¬ tPm-bn am-Xyp (57), `m-cy Ip-™-Ω (55), ]m-Ww-Ip-gn ]p-Xp-°p-fØn¬ h¿-Ko-kv (73) F-∂n-h¿-°m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv°v 12.-15\m-bn-cp-∂p ap-f-°p-g ]©m-b-Øv Im-cym-e-b-Øn-\v ap-∂n¬ A-]-I-Sw \-S∂-Xv. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-c-tØ-°p- t]mhp-I-bm-bn-cp∂ _- n¬ F-Xn-tch-∂ \n-c-Ww I-S-{] tXmw-k¨ Im-‰-dn-Mv I-º-\n-bp-sS hm-l-\w C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. A-Sq-cn¬ t_-°-dn km-[-\-߃ F-Øn-® tijw Xn-cn-sI a-S-ßp-tºm-gm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. ¢o-\d - pw Im-‰d - n-Mv I-º\ - n-bn-se sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-ambncp∂p C-{am≥. A-]I - S- ÿ-eØ - p acWw kw`-hns®-¶nepw H-cp a-Wn-°q-dn-e-[n-Iw Ign-™mWv tdmUn¬ \n∂p am‰n-bXv. t]m-en-kpw ^-b¿-t^m-gvk - pw Bw-_p-e≥-kpw F-Øm≥ ssh-Inb-Xm-Wv Im-cW - w. ]-cn-t°-‰h - s - c \m-´p-Im¿ B-ip-]{- Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-®p.

s{Sbn³ X-«n a-cn-¨p

Xn-cq¿: s{Sbn≥ X-´n bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. A-∂m-c tXm-d∏-d-ºn¬ A-–p-√-bp-sS a-I≥ A-–p∂m-k¿ (38) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v aq-t∂m-sS Xn-cq¿ sd-bn¬-th kv-t‰-j-\v sX-°p-h-i-Øv Pn-√m sa-Un°¬ kv-t‰m-dn-\p k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Xn-cq-cn-se X-d-hm-´p ho-´n¬-\n-∂p ]m-fw ap-dn®pI-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Kp-Uv-kv s{S-bv-\n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cq¿ Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn- tam¿-®dn-bn¬. t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw C-∂p _-‘p°ƒ-°p hn-´p-sIm-Sp-°pw. A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv. ktlm-Z-c≥: jm-Pn.

_-Ên-Sn-¨p a-cn-¨p

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: tdm-Uv ap-dn-®pI-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Im¬-\-S-bm-{XnI≥ _- n-Sn-®p a-cn-®p. I-Æq¿ i-¶-cs\-√q¿ sN-´ym¿-]-d-ºn-se c-hn(60)bm-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Znhkw ]m-h-a-Wn tdm-Un-em-Wv A]-ISw.

B-ep-h-bn ho«nÂ\n¶v 300 ]-h-\pw D-]-I-c-W-§-fpw I-hÀ-¶p B-ep-h: ]q-´n-bn-´ ho-Sv Ip-ØnØp-d-∂v 300 ]-h≥ kz¿-W-hpw hn-e-]n-Sn-∏p≈ hm-®pw Sn.-hnbpw I-h¿-∂p.- B-ep-h-˛F-dWm-Ip-fw tZ-io-b-]m-X-bn¬ ]p-fn-t©m-Sv P-Mv-j-\p k-ao-]w I-´-°-b-Øv ho-´n¬ ss]-Pm-kv C-{_m-lo-an-s‚ ho-Sv Ip-ØnØp-d-∂m-Wv 300 ]-h≥ kz¿Ww, H-cp-e-£w cq-] hn-e-h-cp∂ Sn.-hn, A©pe-£w cq-] hne-h-cp-∂ tdm-f-Iv-kv hm-®v, C≥sh¿-´¿, _m-‰-dn F-∂n-h tam„n-®-Xv. i-\n-bm-gv-N cm-{Xn-bm-Wv Ih¿-® \-S-∂-Xv. C-f-b Ip-´n-bpsS Nn-In¬-kbv-°m-bn ss]-Pmkpw `m-cy-bpw c-≠p Ip-´n-I-fpw aq-∂pZn-h-k-am-bn F-d-Wm-Ip-fsØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bnem-bn-cp-∂p. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v c-t≠m-sS ss]-Pm-kv ho-´n¬

Xn-cn-s®-Øn-b-t∏mƒ A-b¬hm-kn-bm-Wv ]n-∂n-se hmXn¬ Xp-d-∂pIn-S-°p-∂-Xm-bn {i-≤-bn¬s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv. Xp-S¿∂v \-S-Øn-b ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ A-Sp-°-fhm-Xn-en-s‚ ]q-´p-Iƒ X-I¿-Ø-Xm-bpw P-\¬ ®n-√v apdn-®p-am-‰n-b-Xm-bpw I≠v ]-cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gmWv tamjWw \S-∂-Xmbn hy-‡-am-b-Xv. c-≠p\n-e-I-fp-≈ ho-Sn-s‚ Xm-g-sØ In-S-∏p-ap-dn-bnse Ae-am-cbn¬ tem-°-dn¬ kq-£n®-Xm-bn-cp-∂p kz¿-Ww. tem°-dn-\p-≈n¬ X-s∂ kq-£n-®ncp-∂ H-cp e-£w cq-]-bpw A©pe-£w hn-e-h-cp-∂ tdmf-Iv-kv hm-®pw A-e-am-c X-I¿Øti-jw tem-°-dpƒ-s∏-sS tam-„n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. CtX ap-dn-°p-≈n-se I-´n-en¬ In-S-∂ H-∂-c-e-£w cq-] hn-e-

h-cp-∂ em-]v-tSm-∏v \-jv-S-s∏-´n´n-√. lm-fn¬ D-≠m-bn-cp-∂ Sn.hn-bpw I-h¿-∂p. ho-Sn-s‚ ]n∂n-se P-\¬°-ºn ap-dn-®m-Wv tam-„m-°ƒ D-≈n¬ IS-∂-sX∂m-Wv \n-K-a-\w. _n-kn-\-kpIm-c-\m-b ss]-Pm-kv aq-hm-‰p]p-g-bn¬\n-∂v H-∂-c-h¿-jw apºm-Wv Cu ho-´n-te-°v Xm-akw am-‰n-b-Xv. A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv Fw.-F¬.F.-, B-ep-h dq-d¬ F-kv.-]n. kXo-jv _n-t\m, Un-ssh.F-kv.]n. hn sI k-\¬-Ip-am¿, B-eph kn.-sF. C≥-Nm¿-Pv sI Fw ap-c-fn, kv-s]-jy¬ {_m-©v Fkv.sF. \n-jm-Zv C-{_m-low F∂n-h-cpw hn-c-e-S-bm-f hn-Z-Kv-[cpw ÿ-e-sØ-Øn. sa-t{Sm sdbn-ep-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´ tPm-enI-fp-sS i-_v-ZamWv tam-jv-Sm°ƒ-°v k-lm-b-am-bXv.


8

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

3 -s^-{_phcn 2014 Xn¶ƒ

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n ]-cn-t¡-ä Kr-l\mY a-cn-¨p jwkp±o³

a-t\m-l-cn

\m-K-¸³ B-Nm-cn

I√-d: ]m-tßm-Sv Xm-sg ]m-tßm-Sv ]n sI lukn¬ jw-kp±o≥ (79). `mcy: P-ao-em-_ohn. a°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv kmen, \n-km¿, \mk¿, k-hmZv, jw-\mZv, J-Zo-P, j-d-^p∂n-k, \-ko-a. a-cpa°ƒ: Xm-Pp-∂n-k, \_o-kØv, dpao-\ jm-PnX, jo-P, kp-sse-am≥, A-–p¬-d-low, lw-k. J-_-dS-°w Xm-sg ]mtßm-Sv ap-kvenw P-amAØv J_¿ÿm-\n¬ \-S∂p.

h¿-°-e: ]m-f-bw-Ip-∂v hm-f-t°m-Sv cm-Pm k-Z-\Øn¬ tZ-h-cm-P-s‚ `mcy a-t\m-l-cn (60). a°ƒ: _n-Pp, _n-Pn-\n. acp-a-°ƒ: te-J, k-Pn-Ipam¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂pcm-hn-se 9.30\v.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: kn.B¿.]n.F-^v. P-Mvj≥ I-em-`-h-\n¬ \m-K∏≥ B-Nm-cn (65). `m-cy: a-Wn-b-Ωmƒ. a-°ƒ: Ihn-X, I-te-jv. a-cp-a-Iƒ: e-£v-an. sIm-®p-a-Iƒ: {io-e-£v-an.

]m-¯p-ss½

N-h-d: ]-∑-\ ]-\-bsF-ip-½ ∂m¿-Im-hv Im-cm-fn-Ip-fs]cp-ºm-hq¿: F-e-hpwØv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-c-taIp-Sn ap-t®-Øv sF-ipΩ(99). J-_-dS-°w C∂vv iz-c≥ ]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy cm-hn-se 11.30\p sN-ºm-c- ]-¶-Pm-£n-A-Ω(80). Øp-Ip-∂v P-am-A-Øv J- kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. _¿-ÿm-\n¬. a-°ƒ: l-ΔmD-Ω, ]-tc-Xbm-b a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b tamJ-Zo-P,Ip-™p-ap-l-ΩZv, l-\≥ ]n-≈, im-¥-Ip]m-Øp-Ω, Aen, a-°m¿- am-cn, h-k-¥-Ip-am-cn. ]n-≈, B-kn-b,B-ana-cp-a-°ƒ: i-in-[-c-°p-dp\,\-_ok. ∏v, kp-\n-¬Ip-am¿.

ap-l-½-Zv Iq-fn-am-Sv: Ip-‰n-°p-fw ¢m-tb-cn ap-l-Ω-Zv (60). `m-cy: B-an-\.

^-tdm-°v: I-≈n-sØm-Sn ]-tc-X-\m-b I-f-Øn߬ sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n-bpsS `m-cy ]m-Øp-ssΩ (92). a-°ƒ: Ip-´ym-ap (dnbm-Zv), A-iv-d-^v, J-Zo-P, \-^o-k, B-an-\-°p-´n. acp-a-°ƒ: \q-dp-±o≥, a-Ω-ZvtIm-b, ssk-X-e-hn, kpss_-Z, dw-e. k-tlm-Zc≥: ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-´n.

X-¦-¨³

in-h-Zm-k³ ]n-Å

s]m-¶-½-

A-en-bmÀ-

I-eym-W-Ir-jv-W³

Hm-bq¿: ]q-b-∏-≈n ta-te∏p-c-bn¬ kn X-¶®≥(72). `m-cy: eo-em-Ω. a-°ƒ: A-Pp, A-Rv-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\p, sd-Pn.

sIm-√w: X-e-hq¿ Iq-cm h-b-W-°m-e ]-Sn-™m-‰Xn¬ _n in-h-Zm-k≥-]n≈(56). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v ssh-Io-´v \m-en-\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: _n D-jm-Ip-am-cn. a°ƒ: Pn-jm cm-Po-hv, PnXn≥-Ip-am-¿. a-cp-a-I≥: sI cm-Po-hv.

]-c-hq¿-:- s]m-gn-°-c- inhm-\-μ- `-h-\n¬- ]-tc-X\m-b- in-hm-\-μ-s‚- `m-cys]m-∂-Ω- (55)-. a-°ƒ-:- _n-μp- (sd-bn¬th,- Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw-),hn-t\m-Zv,- a-t\m-Pv.a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿- (U¬-ln- t]m-en-kv),- c-P-\n,- P-b-¥n.-

{_-“-]p-cw: ]m-S-Øn-°c am-{X-°m-´v ho-´n¬ JmZ¿ a-I≥ A-en-bm¿(86). J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn. `mcy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: kp-ld, A-–p¬e-Øo-^v, A–p¬P-am¬, j-_v-\. acp-a-°ƒ: d-low, P-∫m¿, A≥-km¿-_o-Kw, P-ko-d.-

J-Zo-P

ao-\m-£n-A-½

C-cn-´n: I-cn-t°m-´-°-cn Su-Wn-se hym-]m-cn Hmen-°¬ a-Øm-bn (82). `m-cy: Cu-Ø-Ω. a-°ƒ: t_-_n, Ip-´n-®≥, X-¶Ω, tPm-kv, tPm¿-Pv, kPn, en-kn, sP-bv-k¨. acp-a-°ƒ: en-kn, sP-kn, A-∏-®≥, an-\n, ^n-sb, k-Pp, Pn-jn.

B-e-ßm-Sv: dn-´.- ]n.U_yp.-Un. F≥-Pn-\o-b-¿ tIm-´-∏p-dw s]-cp-t¥m-´Øv C-√-Øv ({io-h¬kw) I-eym-W Ir-jv-W≥(72). -kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p -cm-hn-se 9.-30\v s]-cpt¥m-´-Øv X-d-hm-Sv h-f∏n¬. {Km-tPz-‰v F≥-Pn\o-tb-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j≥ kw-ÿm-\ P-\d¬ sk-{I-´n B-e-ßm-Sv sI.C.Fw. ssl-kv-Iqƒ am-t\-P¿, {io-Ir-jv-W-]pcw k-¥m-\-tKm-]m-e aq¿Øo t£-{Xw {S-Ãv am-t\P¿, B-e-ßm-Sv tbm-Kw {io-[¿-a im-kv-Xm `-‡P-\-kw-Lw ÿm-]-I {]kn-U‚ v F-∂o \n-e-Ifn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: Kn-cn-P (dn-´. A[ym-]n-I sI.-C.-Fw.-F®v.-F-kv). a-°ƒ: D-am-i¶¿ (imkv{X-⁄≥,Ata-cn-°), A-Uz. -{io-h¬k-Ir-jv-W≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-Rv-Pp-e-£v-an, c-Rv-Pn\n.

]-¦-Pm-£n-b-½

I-cp-h≥-Xn-cp-Øn: sImS-te-cn-Ω¬ A-–p-¿-dlvam≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P (60). a-°ƒ: I-ΩZv, jm-ln-Z, ^n-tdm-kv.

Im-fn ^-tdm-°v: ]p-s‰-°m-Sv hm-f-°-S Im-fn (84).

Im-h-\m-Sv: i-‡n-Ip-f-ßc I-∂n-ta¬-tN-cn-bn¬ B-\-μ `-h-\n¬ sI ao\m-£n-A-Ω(74). a-°ƒ: B-\-μ-`m-bn, hnP-b≥-]n-≈, cm-[m-Ir-jvW-]n-≈. a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-Xn-I, Ko-XmIp-am-cn.

a-¯m-bn

\m-Wp kp-Ip-am-c³

[-\-Rv-P-b³

A-½n-Wn

dm-t^Â

Um-\n-tbÂ

a-Wn

ssh-∏n≥: -F-f-¶p-∂-∏p-g a-c-ßm-´p-Ø-d ho-´n¬ kp-Ip-am-c≥(82).-- `-- m-cy: kp-tem-N-\. -a-°ƒ: {ioP≥,-{io-e≥,- Kn-co-jv,{io-e-P,-a-cp-a-°ƒ: en-k, -cm-Pn, tim-`n, -kp-\n-¬.-

sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: B-\m-∏pg I-√p-]-d-ºn¬ [-\-Rv-Pb≥(72). `m-cy: e-fn-X. a°ƒ: [-t\-jv, [-\y, _njn¬.-

sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: B-\m-∏pg hm-en-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Km-k≥ `m-cy AΩn-Wn(75). a-°ƒ: _m_p, kp-\n¬, hm-k-¥n, jo-\.-

sIm®n: N-°p-¶¬ dmt^¬(89). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 9\p Np≈n-°¬ ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: tPm-kv-^n≥. aIƒ: tdm-kv-ta-cn. a-cp-aI≥: kmP≥.

Xr-°m°-c: dn-´. F-kv. _n.Sn. Po-h-\-°m-c≥ hnIm-kv tdm-Uv ]-Sn-™mtd ]p-c-bv-°¬ tPm¿-Pns‚ a-I≥ Um-\n-tb-¬ (65). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\p D-Wn®n-d sk‚ Pq-Uv ]-≈n skantØcn-bn¬. `m-cy: am-Kn Um-\n-tb¬. a-°ƒ: Znhy (sk‚ v tk-hy¿ tImf-Pv Beph), [\y(C≥-t^m-kn-kv _mw•q¿). a-cp-a°ƒ: sS≥k≥ (sI-b¿ tIc-fw sImc-´n), A-`n-em-jv (sF tK-‰v _mw-•q¿).

I-f-a-t»cn: D-Wn®n-d hen-b ]-d-ºn¬ a-Wn (72). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\p C-S-∏-≈n iv-a-im-\-Øn¬. `mcy: A-Ωn-Wn. a°ƒ: \n-j, jn-_p. a-cpa°ƒ: c-taiv, [\y.

a-dn-bw \m-bv° - ´- n: Hm-S-s°m-√n A-_q-_-°-dn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bw (70). a-°ƒ: Al-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, A-–p¬ aPo-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-ko_, j-lo-d .

X-¦w th-ßc - : I-√° - b - w Ipdn-™n-°m-´n¬ Ip™≥ ssh-Zy-cp-sS `m-cy X-¶w(77).

ap-l-½-Zm-Pn ]-c∏ - \ - ß - m-Sn: Nn-d-aw-K-esØ \-cn-tIm-S≥ ap-l-ΩZm-Pn (94). `m-cy-am¿: \^o-k, ]m-Øp-Ωp. a°ƒ: C-{_m-low, A–p¬ A-ko-kv, A-–p∂m-k¿, ssk-X-e-hn, ^m-Øn-a, ssk-\-_, kpss_-Z, _p-jv-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: t]m-°¿, ssk-X-ehn, A-_q-_-°¿, lmdq¨ d-jo-Zv, kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-im-_n, k-°o-\, B-bn-i.

Iam apt≠cn: kn hn lukn¬ ]-d-t°m-´v I-am¬ (80). `m-cy: I-Zo-kp-Ω. a°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^ , ju°-Ø-en, A-^v-k-Øv, \-_o-kp.

lw-k ]-ø-∂q¿: s]-cp-º ss_-]m-kv tdm-Un-se ]m-d-Ω¬ lmw-k (69). Ip-™n-aw-K-ew kz-tZ-inbm-Wv.

A-dp-ap-J³ hm-g-°m-Sv: ap-≥ Kzm-fntbm¿ d-tbm¨-kv Po-h\-°m-c-\pw t{Km bq-\nb≥ tPm. sk-{I-´-dn-bpam-bn-cp-∂ ap-≠p-ap-gn sNdp-h-´q¿ N-°p-߬ kn A-dp-ap-J≥ (71). `m-cy: k-Xn. a-°ƒ: ilv\, in-_v\, i-iv-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Kn-co-jv _m_p, jm-Pn, {io-Pn-Øv.

cm-a-Zm-kv N-h-d: \o-≠-I-c ]p-Ø≥Xp-d sIm-®p-]o-Sn-I-bn¬ sI cm-a-Zm-kv(68).

Hm-a-\ B-b-h-\:a-S-Øm-´v ]-tcX-\m-b tam-l-\-s‚ `mcy Hm-a-\(55). ]-tc-X am-dm-Sn A-¥ym-fØn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hnse 9\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: Zo-]p,c-X-o-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kv-an-X, A-ley.

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sN-dp-hmt©-cn-bn-se s\-t√-cnIp-«n-b-½ ®m¬ sh-≈n-tem-´v \mXn-cp-h-√: s]-cn-ß-c hm- Wp (58). `m-cy: I-a-e. ae-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ir°ƒ: c-ta-iv, k-t¥m-jv, jv-W-∏n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy Ip-´n-b-Ω (96). kw-kv-Im- k-μo-]v. a-cp-a-Iƒ: jncw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v s]- Pn-\. cn-ß-c ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

ap-l-½-Zv Jm-en-_v

]-¡À C-cn-´n: ]-g-b _kvÃm≥-Un-se an¬-am _q-Øn-\v k-ao-]w I-®h-Sw \-S-Øp-∂ C-cn-´n t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j-\v kao-]w Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ sI ]-°¿ (56) Ip-g-™phoWv a-cn-®p. `m-cy: P-ao-e. a-°ƒ: \u-^¬, B-_nZv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \mk¿, ap-\o¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, lw-k, l-k≥, A-bq_v, ^m-Øn-a, B-kn-b.

X-e-t»-cn: tN-‰w-Ip-∂v \m-bw-ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv Jm-en-_v (49). ]-tc-X-\mb X-e-t»-cn ap-\n-kn∏¬ ap≥ sN-b¿-am≥ kn Sn D-a¿Ip-´n-bp-sS aI-\m-Wv. `m-cy: ]n sI hn ko-\-Øv. a-°ƒ: ^ko¬ A-lv-kw, kmln¬, l-\m≥, A-Zn-b. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v kv-t‰-Un-bw Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: Im-dpw ss_-°pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v ]-cnt°-‰v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-® Kr-l-\m-Y a-cn®p. kv-Iq-´¿ bm-{Xn-I-bm-b h-´-∏m-d ap-°w-]m-e-aq-Sv tam-l-\-w ho-´n¬ A-\n-X (42) bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™- 31\v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v h-´-∏m-d-bv-°p kao-]w Nn-‰m-g-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. C-h¿ k-©-cn®n-cp-∂ kv-Iq-´-dn-s\ ]n-∂m-se-h-∂ Im¿ C-Sn-®p-sXdn-∏n-®v \n¿-Øm-sX t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-I-SØn¬ Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ C-h-sc \m-´p-Im¿ Xncp-h-\n-¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬-tIm-f-Pn¬ {]-th-in-∏n®p-sh-¶n-epw C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-cn-®p. h-´-∏m-d t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

Nn-InÂ-k-bn-em-bn-cp-¶ A-Úm-X³ a-cn-¨p

t]-cq¿-°-S: P-\-d¬ Bip-]-{Xn-bn-se H-º-Xmw hm¿-Un¬ Nn-In¬-k-bnem-bn-cp-∂ A-⁄m-X≥ a-cn-®p. C-bmƒ-°v D-t±-iw 75 h-b- v {]m-b-ap-≠v. I-gn-™am-kw 10 ap-X¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ C-bmƒ C-∂-se cm-hn-se-bmWv a-cn-®-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬.

bp-hm-hv Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

tIm-h-fw: Xn-cp-h-√-Øv bp-hm-hn-s\ ho-Sn-\p-≈n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn-¬ I-s≠-Øn. ]m-e-∏q-cv C-e-Ihn-fm-Iw A-iz-Xn `-h-\n¬ Zn-t\-iv _m-_p (27) hns\-bm-Wv C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v ap-dn-°p-≈n¬ Xq-ßn-acn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. _m-_p-˛-tim-`-\ Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-\m-b Zn-t\-iv_m-_p-hn-s‚ hn-hm-lw am¿-®n¬ \n-›-bn-®n-cn-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v Xn-cp-h-√w t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-Ãp-tam¿-´-Øn-\m-bn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]pcw sa-Un-°¬-tIm-f-Pn-te-°p am-‰n.

Dw-d \nÀ-h-ln-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-ªpho-Wp a-cn-¨p A-¥n-°m-Sv: Dw-d \n¿h-ln-°p-∂-X-\n-sS a°-bn¬ Ip-g-™p hoWp a-cn-®p. ]p-Ø≥]o-Sn-I K-h. F¬.-]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w sh-fn-b-Øv jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zv lm-Pn(57) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ sNm-Δm-gvN sN-{¥m-∏n-∂n-bn-se kz-Im-cy l-÷v {Kq-∏p h-gn-bm-Wv Dw-d \n¿-h-ln-°m≥ `m-cy-tbm-sSm-∏w a-°-bn-se-Øn-b-Xv. Ip-g-™pho-W C-bm-sf DS≥ k-ao-]-sØ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶nepw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. A-¥n-°m-Sv a-l√v I-Ωn-‰n ap≥-{]-kn-U‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: kpss_-Z. a-°ƒ: ^-lo-a, k-^v-hm≥. a-cp-a-I≥: \Po-_v.-

sI-«n-Sw ]-Wn-¡n-S-bn ho-Wv ]-cn-t¡-ä sXmgnemfn acn¨p

ImÀ-Xym-b-\n

tPm-k-^v

Nm-t¡m

I-cp-Wm-I-c-]-Wn-¡À

hÀ-Ko-kv

Ip-a-c-Iw: C-S-®m-en¬ (Ip-gn-th-en-]-d-ºn¬) ]tc-X-\m-b tI-i-h-s‚ `mcy Im¿-Xym-b-\n (89). a-°ƒ: Ip-´-∏≥ (hn-iz\m-Y≥), im-¥-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Hm-a-\ (F-kv.-sI.--Fw.F-®v.F -- -kv), _me-N-{μ≥ (tI-c-f t]m-enkv). -kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 3\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.-

h-cn-°mw-Ip-∂: I-f-Øn∏-d-ºv tPm-k-^v(72).`m-cy: A-∂-Ω.- kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v ssh-Ip-t∂-cw \m-en-\v {]-km-Z Kn-cn-]≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. -a-°ƒ: km-Pp- tPm-k-^v, tam-fn- h¿-Ko-kv, kn-ÿ tPm-fn tPm-k-^v.- a-cp-aI≥: h¿-Ko-kv, sP-kn km-Pp.

am-∂m¿: _p-[-\q¿ ]-Sn™m-‰pw-tN-cn Xm-a-c-ticn¬ I-fo-°¬-ho-´n¬ Icp-Wm-I-c-]-Wn-°¿ (56). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D-®-bv°v c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: km-hn-{Xn. a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv-Ip-am¿ (aw-Kem-]p-cw), I-hn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-\n-X, tam-l\≥.

]p-Xp-°-cn: sIm-®p-]p-cbv-°-em-b Xp-cp-Øn¬ Sn ]n h¿-Ko-kv (Ip-™ptam≥-˛ 53). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v c-≠n\v ]p-Xp-°-cn sk‚ v tkhy-gv-kv ]-≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. `m-cy: tkm-^n-bm-Ω. a°ƒ: tkm-Wn-bm, kn\n, sIm-®p-tam≥.

Zm-tam-Z-c³

{io-[-c³-]n-Å

Xp-d-hq¿: I-f-hw-tIm-Sw sIm-®p-sh-fn-bn¬ Zm-tamZ-c≥ (83). `m-cy: Xp-f-kn. a-°ƒ: D√m-kv, kn-\n-tamƒ, tdmbn, A-ºn-fn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-‘y, {]-Im-i≥, {ioX, jm-Pn.

A-cq¿: ]-≈n-°-c-bn¬ {io-[-c≥-]n-≈ (83). `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Aw-_pPm-£n-b-Ω. a-Iƒ: tUm. tPym-Xn-e£v-an (sk‚ v tPm-k-^v tIm-f-Pv, B-e-∏p-g). a-cpa-I≥: k-Æn.

X-e-h-Sn: K-h. tIm¨-{SmIv-S¿ B-\-{]-ºm¬ B™n-en-aq-´n¬ Nm-t°m (68). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v \m-en-\v B-\{]-ºm¬ sk‚ v ta-co-kv Iv-\m-\m-b ]-≈n- skantØcnbn¬. `m-cy: dm-∂n ta-te-]p-c-bv-°¬ G-en°p-´n. a-°ƒ: _n-\p (akv-°-Øv), _n-t\m (_mw-•q¿), _n-_n≥ (C‰-en). a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-\n-X, lm-\, A-a-e.

]-ßm-h-Xn A-½ Iq-Øp-]d - º - v: tIm-´b - w Im-\Ø - pw-Nn-db - n-se hen-bho-´n¬ ]n sI ]flm-hX - n A-Ω (80). `¿Øm-hv: ]-fl\ - m-`≥

{io-[-c³ Xp-d-hq¿: Ip-Øn-b-tXm-Sv {Km-a-∏-©m-b-Øv F-´mwhm¿-Un¬ ta-t°m-S-Øv {io-[-c≥ (77). `m-cy: k-cf. a-°ƒ: _m-_p, c-tai≥, Zn-t\-i≥, A-P-bIp-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ta-Zn\n, l-Wn, kp-Ip-am-cn, ssj-\n.

tim-`-\ Xp-d-hq¿: h-b-em¿ H-f-Xe hm-kp-\n-hm-kn¬ hnP-b-s‚ `m-cy tim-`-\ (60). a-°ƒ: kn-‘p, I-\-I-Ω, t{]-a, {]n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-a-{¥-≥, dnPn-tam≥, A-Po-jv.

{]m-b-ap-≈ ]n-Sn-bm-\-bpsS B-am-i-b-Øn¬ \n∂p c-≠v In-tem-tbm-fw `m-c-ap-≈ πm-Ãn-Iv Is≠-Øn. πm-Ãn-Iv I-hdp-I-fpw A-eq-an-\n-bw t]-∏-dp-I-fpw Dƒ-s∏-sSbp-≈ am-en-\y-ß-fm-Wv B-\-bp-sS h-b-‰n-ep-≠mbn-cp-∂-Xv. πm-Ãn-Iv D-≈n¬ IpSp-ßn-b-tXm-sS Zl-\-{]{In-b-bn-ep-≠mb XIcm¿aqew ]n-fi-an-Sm≥ I-gn-bm-sX Ip-S¬ s]m´n-b-Xm-Wv N-cn-bm≥ Imc-W-sa-∂m-Wv t]mÃvtam¿-´-Øn¬ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. P-Uw h-\Øn¬X-s∂ a-d-hp-sN-bvXp. N-cn-™ B-\-bpƒs∏-´ Im´m-\-°q-´sØ Xo¿-∞m-S-\ Im-e-Øv Cu {]-tZ-i-Øv ]-e-X-h-

W I-≠n-cp-∂-Xm-bn h-\]m-e-I¿ ]-d-™p. \n-e-°¬ ]m¿-°nMv {Ku-≠n-\p k-ao-]-Øv A-ø-∏-`-‡-¿ D-t]-£n® πm-Ãn-Iv am-ey-\y߃ sI-´n-°n-S-∂n-cp∂p. C-h- \o-°wsN-ø-Wsa-∂v Im-Wn-®v h-\w-hIp-∏v ]-e-X-h-W tZ-hkzw t_m¿-Un-\v t\m-´okv \¬-In-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw \-S-]-Sn-bp-≠m-bn-´n√. ap-ºv Cu `m-K-Øv Ncn-™ B-\-I-fp-sS h-b‰n-epw πm-Ãn-Iv I-s≠Øn-bn-cp-∂p. Iq-Sm-sX C-hn-Sp-sØ πm-Ãv-Iv Iqºm-cw æm-hp-I-ƒ Dƒ-s∏sS-bp-≈ a-‰p Po-hn-I-ƒ°pw `o-j-Wn-bm-hp-sa∂m-Wv h-\w-h-Ip-∏-[nIr-X¿ ]-d-bp-∂-Xv.

ss_-¡v A-]-I-S¯n ssk-\n-I³ a-cn-¨p

_Êpw hm-\pw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bphmhv acn¨p; \m-ept]À-¡v ]-cn-¡v

s]-cn-bmÀ I-Sp-hk-t¦-X-¯n ¹m-Ìn-Iv D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v Im-«m-\ N-cn-ªp Ip-a-fn/I-W-a-e: s]-cnbm¿ I-Sp-hk-t¶-X-Øn\p-≈n-se i-_-cn-a-e h\-ta-J-e-bn¬ πm-Ãn-Iv D-≈n¬-s®-∂v Im-´m-\- Ncn-™p. Xo¿-∞m-S-I¿ Dt]-£n-® πm-Ãn-Iv D≈n¬ sN-∂-Xn-\m-emhmw B-\ -N-cn-™-sX∂m-Wv h-\w-h-Ip-∏n-s‚ \n-K-a-\w. i-\n-bm-gv-N-bm-Wv i_-cn-a-e h-\-ta-J-ebnse h-en-bm-\-h-´w `mK-Øv H-cm-gv-N-tbm-fw ]-g°-ap-≈ Im´m-\-bp-sS PUw h-\-]m-e-I¿ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. tIm-∂n-bn-se h-\w h-Ip-∏v ko-\n-b¿ sh-‰-dn-\-dn Hm-^n-k¿ iio-{μ-tZ-hn-s‚ t\-Xr-XzØnep-≈ kw-Lw \-SØn-b t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´Øn-¬ 40 h-b-t m-fw

Ip-a-c-Iw: sI-´n-Sw ]-Wn°n-S-bn¬ ho-Wv ]-cn-t°‰v sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ Ip-ªp-tam³ G-en-¡p-«n G-en-bm-½ Nn-In-¬-k-bn¬ I-gn-™nXn-cp-h-√: C-c-hn-t]-cq¿ a-√-∏-≈n: ]q-t¶m-´-bn¬ Xn-cp-h-√: Ip-∂-¥m-\w Ip-¥-d-bn¬ Ip-™p-tam- cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. Ip-a]n kn Ip-cy-s‚ `m-cy G- ap-t´-S-Øv s]-\n-tbm-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]m-ÿ Sn ≥ (68). kw-kv-Im-cw Cc-Iw B-im-cn-t»-cn¬ een-bm-Ω Ip-cy≥ (69). kw-kv-Im-cw _p-[-\m-gv-N kn am-Xyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy G- ∂v ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v ho- £w-ho-Sv tIm-f-\n-bn¬ ´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: cm-P-Ω. ]p-Ø≥-]-d-ºn¬ A-Pnen-°p-´n (88). kw-kv-Imcm-hn-se 11\v sN-ß-cq¿ a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, _ncw A-©n-\v cm-hn-se 10sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv Hm¿-Øtam≥ (38) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.μp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-P-tKm\v ap-≠n-b-∏-≈n im-tcmtUm-Iv-kv ]-≈n- skansI-´n-S\n¿-am-W {]]m¬, _nμ p. ¨ k` m ska nt Øc ntØcnbn¬. a-°ƒ: Znh¿-Ø-\-Øn-te¿-s∏-´n-cp-∂ A-Pn ]-Wn-°m-bn sIbn¬. t\-jv, \n-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ´n-b \n-e-bp-sS ap-I-fn¬\n-∂p ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ip-ªn-sIm-«³ So-\, kmw. ho-gv-N-bn¬ Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰v sa-Un-°¬ sN-dp-h-Øq¿: sIm-Ssam-bv-Xo-³ I-¬∏ - ‰ - : \-Kc - k - ` - m ap-≥ °m-Sv B-\n-°m-Sn-bn-se tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ c-≠m-gv-N-bm-bn Nn-In-¬-kdm-t^ aÀ-t¡m-kv - a - m-≥ F ]n l-ao- ]p-Xn-b-h-f-∏n¬ Ip-™n- bn-em-bn-cp-∂ A-Pn C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-cn-°p-I-bmXp-d-hq¿: sh-´-bv-°¬ C- sN-b¿ sIm-´≥ (89). `m-cy: ambn-cp-∂p. eo-\-bm-Wv A-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy. a-°ƒ: BZn-s‚ ]n-Xm-hv A-√n-]d S-h-gn-°¬ dm-t^¬ a¿sam-bvX - o-≥ (75). a-‰p-a° - - Wn-°w. a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b- tcm-a¬, B-c-Xn, B-h-Wn. t°m-kv (82). `m-cy: a-dnW≥ , _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ , - I - p-´n I-ºf - bm-Ω. a-°ƒ: tPm-k-^v, ƒ: l-k≥ hn-iz-\m-Y≥, _n-μp. a-cp°m-Sv, A-–p-¬- e-Øohm-h-°p-´n, tim-im-Ω, ^v, A-–p-¬ d-low , A- a-°ƒ: {]-ao-f, {]-k-∂ Zm-ho-Zv, sP-bnw-kv, sPbnw-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-\n, Uz.F ]n ap-kvX - ^ - , B- (A-[ym-]n-I F.-bp.-]n.F-kv. ssI-X-°m-Sv), kz- ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: ss_-°v s]m-∂-∏≥, A-h-cm-®≥, bn-i I-ºf - ° - m-Sv, km]v-\, Sn hn _m-_p. Pnw-kn, ta-gv-kn, tPm-kn. _n-d ap-´n-¬. sa-‰n¬Iq-\-bn¬ C-Sn-®v ssk-\n-I≥ a-cn-®p. h-≈nt°m-Sv I-S-Øq¿ \-μ-\Øn¬ A-`n-em-jv sI \mb¿ (I-Æ≥-˛ 33) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N cm-{Xn 9.sN-ß-∂q¿: Fw.-kn. tdm-Un¬ sI.-F-kv.-B¿.-Sn.- 30\v hm-g-ap-´w s]m≥-takn. kq-∏¿ ^m-Ãv _ pw hm-\pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v H-cmƒ en ap-cp-∏n-\v k-ao-]-am-bna-cn-®p. \m-ept]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. H-cm-fp-sS \n-e Kp-cp- cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. tdm-U-cn-In-se sa-‰n¬Iq-\-bn¬ X-c-am-Wv. A-kw kz-tZ-in A-–p¬ C-kvemw C- ss_-°v C-Sn-®v sX-dn-®pho-W A-`n-em-jn-s\ B-ip{am≥ (26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. sSw-t]m {Sm-h-e¿ ss{U- ]-{Xn-bn-te-°v sIm-≠p-t]m-hpw h-gn a-cn-®p. sU-dmAw-_p-Pm-£n-b-½ h¿ ta¬-∏m-Sw h-≈-°m-en¬ hm-g-Ø-d-bn¬ {]-k- Uq-Wn¬ \m-bn-Iv B-bn tPm-en sN-øp-∂ B-`n-em]-d-hq¿: s]-cp-hm-cw t]m- ∂≥ (48) B-Wv Kp-cp-X-cm-h-ÿ-bn¬ kz-Im-cy B- jv A-h-[n-°v \m-´n-se-Øn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-kv-Im´-bn¬ a-[p-\n-hm-kn¬ ]- ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ I-gn-bp-∂-Xv. _-kv bm-{X-°m-cm-b cw \-S-Øn. `m-cy: {io-P. a-°ƒ: A-Rv-P-\. A-`n-atc-X-\m-b A¿-Pp-\≥ tIm-´-bw B-b-∏-d-ºv a-Æp-Ip-t∂¬ tPm-bn am-Xyp \yp.\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Aw-_p(57), `m-cy Ip-™-Ω (55), ]m-Ww-Ip-gn ]p-Xp-°p-fPm-£nb-Ω(88).- kw-kvØn¬ h¿-Ko-kv (73) F-∂n-h¿-°m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. Im-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: C-∂-se D-®-bv°v 12.-15\m-bn-cp-∂p ap-f-°p-g ]- sN-dp-tXm-Wn: I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw hm-g-tØm-∏n¬ \nkp-io-e, th-Wp-tKm-]m©mb-Øv Im-cym-e-b-Øn-\v ap-∂n¬ A-]-I-Sw \-S- ∂p Im-Wm-Xm-b Kr-l-\m-Y-s\ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e¬, Aw-_n-Im tZ-hn, tkm-a-ti-J-c≥, cm-P-ti- ∂-Xv. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-c-tØ-°p- t]mhp-I-bm-bn-cp∂ bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. t_-_n X-´p-]-d-ºn-¬ (50) B-Wv a_- n¬ F-Xn-tch-∂ \n-c-Ww I-S-{] tXmw-k¨ cn-®-Xv. a-Wn-bm-d≥-Ip-Sn-bv-°-Sp-Øv P-\-hm-k-an-√mJ-c≥, I-a-ew, hn-P-b-Ipam¿, a-[p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-c- Im-‰-dn-Mv I-º-\n-bp-sS hm-l-\w C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp- Ø ÿ-e-Øm-Wv Xq-ßn-acn® \n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. ∂p. A-Sq-cn¬ t_-°-dn km-[-\-߃ F-Øn-® ti- _p-[-\m-gv-N- ap-X-¬ t_-_n-sb Im-Wm-\n-√m-bn-cpta-iz-c≥ \m-b¿, tim-`\, th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, anjw Xn-cn-sI a-S-ßp-tºm-gm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. ∂p. C-Sp-°n t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn- kzo-I-cn-®p.\n, A-Rv-P-en, ]-¶-Pm¢o-\d - pw Im-‰d - n-Mv I-º\ - n-bn-se sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-am£≥ ]n-≈, P-b-{io, Zobncp∂p C-{am≥. A-]I - S- ÿ-eØ - p acWw kw`-hn]v-Xn.s®-¶nepw H-cp a-Wn-°q-dn-e-[n-Iw Ign-™mWv tdm- Xp-d-hq¿: F-gp-]p-∂ sd-bn¬-th tÃ-j-\p sX-°phiw C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® 5.-30\v s{S-bn≥X-´n kv-{Xo- aUn¬ \n∂p am‰n-bXv. A-_q-_-¡À t]m-en-kpw ^-b¿-t^m-gvk - pw Bw-_p-e≥-kpw F- cn-®p. Ip-Øn-b-tXm-Sv ]-©m-b-Øv \m-emw-hm¿-Un¬ sIm-t≠m-´n: t]m-ØpØm≥ ssh-Inb-Xm-Wv Im-cW - w. ]-cn-t°-‰h - s - c \m- ]-d-b-Im-Sv \m-a-\m-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b hm-kp-tZ-h-s‚ `msh-´n-∏m-d ]p-fn-b-t°mcy `m¿-K-hn(78) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ´pI m¿ Bi p] { Xnb n¬ FØ n® p. S≥ A-_q-_-°¿ (45).

`-hm-\n-b-½

Nm-¯³

tIm-X-aw-K-ew: cm-a-√q¿ I-cn-ß-g Xp-S-\m¬ (Ip∂p-tΩ¬) ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy `-hm-\n-b-Ω(82). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse 11\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥ \m-b¿, in-h≥, Ip-am-cn, cm-P≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: km-en, kn‘p, i-in-Ip-am¿, {io-Ie.-

{io-aq-e-\-K-cw: {io-`q-X]p-cw ]m-d-∏p-d-Øv ho-´n¬ Nm-Ø≥ (77).- kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn.- `m-cy: Imfn. a-°ƒ: l-cn-Zm-kv, joe, Aw-_n-I, Ip-am-cn. acp-a-°ƒ: k-cn-X, kp-{_“-Wy≥, hn-t\m-Zv, _m_p.

Bâ-Wnssh-∏n-≥:- ]p-Xp-ssh-∏vtIm-®≥-ap-°v- I-f-Øn-∏d-ºn¬- B‚-Wn- (79)-.-kw-kv-Im-cw- \-S-Øn. `mcy-: t_-_n. a-°ƒ-: tamfn,- tPm-Wn,- tPm-fn. a-cp-a°ƒ-: B‚-Wn,- jo-_.--

Kw-Km-[-c³ ]-ø-∂q¿: a-lm-tZ-h {Km-a-Øn-se am-[-hn\nhm-kn¬ Iq-h Kw-Km-[c≥ (66). `m-cy: Sn Sn hn ]-Xvan-\n. a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, jo-_, jo-P, cm-Pp. a-cpa-°ƒ: k-hn-X, jo-Pp (tI-c-fm-Iu-ap-Zn, sIm®n), Pn-Pp.

ho-Sv hm-SIbv-s¡-Sp-¯v s]¬-hm-Wn-`w: A-©p-t]À ]n-Sn-bn tIm-´-bw: ho-Sv hm-S-I-bv-s°-Sp-Øv s]¨-hm-Wn-`w \-S-Øn-h-∂ A-©pt]¿ ]n-Sn-bn¬. c-≠p-t]¿ Hm-Sn c-£-s∏´p. tIm-´-b-w G-‰p-am-\q¿ ]m-tdm-en-°¬ I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]-sØ ho-´n¬ C-∂se t]m-en-kv \-S-Øn-b Xn-c-®n-en-em-Wv kw-ÿm-\-hym-]-I-am-bn s]¨-hm-Wn`w \-S-Øp-∂p-sh-∂v kw-i-bn-°p-∂ kwL-Øn-se I-Æn-Iƒ ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. tIm-´-bw Im-cm-∏p-g hm-g-bn¬ j-ao¿ lp-ssk≥ (25), Im-cm-∏p-g Im-°mw-]-dºn¬ kp-ta-jv (23), sIm-√w ]-Ø-\m-]pcw D-√-e kz-tZ-in-\n D-j (27), s]-cn-ß\m-Sv kz-tZ-in-\n am-b F-∂ A-ºn-fn (35), Nn-ß-h-\w km-bn-∏p-I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]w Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ A-b¿-°p-∂w Xm-fn-°-√v kz-tZ-in-\n A-\p tSm-an (23) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. A-Sq¿ G\m-Øv h-S-°-S-Øp-Im-hv c-Lp-`-h-\n¬ A-Pn-Ip-am¿ (46), Iq-tcm-∏-S kz-tZ-in k-

G-‰p-am-\q¿ ]m-tdm-en-°ense ho-´n¬ \n∂v ]nSn-Iq-Snb s]¨hm-Wn-`-kwLw Pn F-∂n-h¿ Hm-Snc-£-s∏-´p. A-º-n-fn- en-kv kn-hn¬ Hm-^n-k-tdm-Sv ]m-tdm-enbpw c-£-s∏-´ A-Pn-Ip-am-dp-am-Wv s]¨- °-en-se ho-´nse-Øm≥ C-h¿ B-h-iyhm-Wn-`tI-{μ-Øn-s‚ \-S-Øn-∏p-Im¿. s∏-´p. Xp-S¿-∂v C-∂-se D-®-I-gn-™v aB-h-iy-°m¿-°v kv-{Xo-I-sf ]m-tdm-en- ^v-Xn-bn-epw bq-\n-t^m-an-epw F-Øn-b °-en-se hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ F-Øn-®psIm-Sp- t]m-en-kp-Im¿ ho-Sv h-f-™m-Wv kw-L°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-h-cp-sS co-Xn. sØ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. c-≠p-t]¿ ]n≥-h-iPn-√m t]m-en-kv ta-[m-hn-°v H-cm-gv-N sØ hm-Xn-en-eq-sS Hm-Snc-£-s∏-´p. ap-ºv e-`n-® kq-N-\-{]-Im-c-w t]m-en-kv P-\p-h-cn 22\m-Wv A-Pn-Ip-am-dpw A\m-S-Io-b-am-bn C-h-sc h-e-bn¬ ho-gv- ºn-fn-bpw tN¿-∂v ho-Sv hm-S-I-bv-s°-SpØp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-Ã-a-dm-sW-∂v sS- Ø-Xv. ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-h-cn¬ \n-∂p In-´n-b en-t^m-Wn¬ ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-b t]m- U-b-dn-I-fn-epw t\m-´v]m-Up-I-fn-epw kw-

ÿm-\-Øn-s‚ hn-hn-[ `m-K-ß-fn-ep-≈ \q-dpI-W-°n-\mfp-I-fp-sS sS-en-t^m¨ \-º-cp-I-fp-≠v. C-h¿ D-]-tbm-Kn-® km≥-t{Sm Im-dpw Hm-t´m-dn-£-bpw t]men-kv I-Ã-Un-bnse-Sp-Øp. C-h-cn¬ \n∂v H-º-Xv sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wp-Iƒ, c≠v Xn-cn-®-dn-b¬ Im¿-Up-Iƒ, ss{U-hnMv sse-k≥-kv, K¿-`-\n-tcm-[-\ D-d-Iƒ, B‚n ^w-K-kv Kp-fn-I-I-fp-sS I-h-dpIƒ, kn.Un sπ-b¿ Xp-S-ßn-b-h I-s≠Sp-Øp. jq-hn-\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-® 32,000 cq]-bpw j-ao-dn-s‚-bpw A-Pn-Ip-am-dn-s‚bpw ]-gv-kp-I-fn¬ \n-∂v- 11,010 cq-]-bpw t]m-en-kv ]nSn-s®-SpØp. Un-ssh.-F-kv.]n hn -A-Pn-Øv, kn.sF jm-Pp tPm-kv, G-‰p-am-\q¿ Fkv.sF _n≥-kv tPm-k-^v, A-b-¿-Ip∂w F-kv.sF tam-l≥-Zm-kv F-∂n-hcpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ t]men-kmWv {]-Xn-I-sf ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv.

a-[y-h-b-kv-I³ Xq-§n-a-cn-¨p

s{S-bn³X-«n a-cn-¨p

X-«n kp-\n tPm-jn: Ip-ä-]-{Xw s{Sbn³ a-cn-¨p k-aÀ-¸n-¡m³ k-a-bw \yq-U¬-ln: \n-c-h-[n `o-I-cm{I-a-W-t°-kp-I-fn-se {]-Xnbpw B¿.-F-kv.-F-kv. {]-Nm-c-I\p-am-bn-cp-∂ kp-\n¬ tPm-jnbp-sS sIm-e-]m-X-I-Øn¬ Ip-‰]-{Xw k-a¿-∏n-°m≥ F≥.-sF.F. k-a-bw tX-Sn. Ip-‰-]-{Xw ka¿-∏n-°m≥ B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥m-eb-Øn-s‚ A-\p-a-Xn-°m-bn ImØn- c n- ° p- I - b m- s W- ∂ m- W v F≥.-sF.-F. tIm-S-Xn-sb A-dnbn-®-Xv. kp-\n¬ tPm-jn-sb sIm-∂ kw-L-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂ Zn-eo]v P-Kv-Xm-]v, cm-tP-{μ Nu-[-cn F-∂n-h-cp-am-bn _n.-sP.-]n. bph-P-\-hn-`m-K-am-b bp-h-tam¿-®bp-sS t\-Xm-hv Pn-tX-{μ-i¿-a \-

S-Øn-b sS-en-t^m¨ kw-`m-jW-߃ ]-cn-tim-[n-®p-h-cp-Ibm-sW-∂pw F≥.-sF.-F. tImS-Xn-sb A-dn-bn-®p. a-[y-{]-tZin-se au-hn¬-\n-∂v c-≠p-amkw ap-ºm-Wv Pn-tX-{μ-i¿-a-sb F≥.-sF.-F. A-d-Ãv sN-bv-X-Xv. Zn-eo-]v P-Kv-Xm-]n-\v sIm-e-bv-°v D-]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ tXm-°v \¬In-b-Xv i¿-a-bm-Wv. Xp-S¿-∂v Cu am-kw 13 h-sc F≥.-sF.-F°v tIm-S-Xn k-a-bw \¬-In. k∂ym-kn-\n {]-⁄m-kn-Mv Tm°q-dn-s\-Xn-tc hy-‡-am-b sXfn-hp-s≠-∂pw A-h¿-s°-Xn-cmb tI-kv C-√m-Xm-hn-s√-∂pw F≥.-sF.-F. A-`n-`m-j-I≥ ]d-™p.

Xn-cq¿: s{Sbn≥ X-´n bp-hmhv a-cn-®p. A-∂m-c tXm-d-∏-dºn¬ A-–p-√-bp-sS a-I≥ A-–p∂m-k¿ (38) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v aqt∂m-sS Xn-cq¿ sd-bn¬-th kv-t‰-j-\v sX-°p-h-i-Øv Pn-√m sa-Un-°¬ kv-t‰m-dn\p k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]I-Sw. Xn-cq-cn-se X-d-hm-´p ho´n¬-\n-∂p ]m-fw ap-dn-®pI-S°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Kp-Uv-kv s{Sbv-\n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. arX-tZ-lw Xn-cq¿ Pn-√m B-ip]-{Xn- tam¿-®-dn-bn¬. t]mkv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw C∂p _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn-´psIm-Sp-°pw. A-hn-hm-ln-X\m-Wv. k-tlm-Z-c≥: jm-Pn.

Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2014-02-03  

Thejas Epaper obit edition. 2014-02-03