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8

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

29 P-\p-h-cn 2014 _p[≥

t]m-en-kv aÀ-±-\-¯n ]-cn-t¡-ä bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p A-l-½-Z-I v p-«n- lm-Pn

Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xp ap-kv-eymÀ-

\m-cm-b-Wn-

ho-cm-³-Ip-«n-

A-{´p- lm-Pn

J-Zo-P-

B-an-\

]q-\q¿: kn.sI tÃm-gvk - v D-Sa - kn sI A-lΩ - Z- vI - p-´nlm-Pn (65). hym-]m-cn hy-hkm-bn G-tIm-]\ - - k-an-Xn ]q-\q¿ bq-\n-‰v ap≥ {]-knU‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: a-dnbw l-÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: A–p¬ a-Po-Zv (kn.sI tÃmgvk - v), kp-sse-J, kp-ld - . a-cp-a° - ƒ: ap-lΩ - Z- v ^m-cnkv, A–p¬ K-^q¿ (a-e©-c° - v hym-]m-cn, ]q-\q¿), d-ko-\. k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: A-–p-¿d - l - va - m≥, A-–p¬ A-ko-kv lm-Pn (hym-]m-cn hy-hk - m-bn G-tIm-]\ - kan-Xn ]q-\q¿ bq-\n-‰v P\d¬ sk-{I-´d - n), A–p¬ d-km-Jv, A≥-h¿ kJm-^n, A-–p¬ l-°ow, A-–p¬ P-eo¬, J-Zo-P, B-an-\, ssk-\_ - , ]mØp-Ω.

tIm-´-°¬: Im-h-Xn-Ifw a-l-√v {]-kn-U‚pw \Pv-ap¬- lp-Zm C-kv-em-anIv tImw-π-Iv-kv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚p-am-b \-cn-a-S°¬ Ip-™n-sam-bv-Xp ap-kveym¿ (72). `m-cy: hS-°≥ B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬-l-°ow, _-jo¿ (C-cp-h-cpw A-_q-Z-_n), A-jv-d-^v, k-^n-b, P-aoe, kp-sse-J, ko-\-Øv, k-eo-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-kvam≥ ]p-Øq¿, A-–p- emw ssh-e-Øq¿, Aao≥ ]-d-∏q¿, Ip-™m-en°p-´n (a-e-∏p-dw t_m-bvkv l-b¿-sk-°≥-U-dn), kp-sse-J, ssJ-dp-∂nk, A-ao-d. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v Im-hXn-I-fw Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

Xm-\q¿: In-g-s° ap-t°me-bn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b I™n-tb-cn I-d-∏≥ ]q-Pmcn-bp-sS `m-cy \m-cm-b-Wn (90). a-°ƒ: Im¿-Xym-b\n, e-£v-an, km-hn-{Xn, DÆn-Ir-jv-W≥, `m¿-K-hn, im-¥n, c-a-Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-tam≥, tKm-]me≥, kp-[m-tZ-hn, P-\m¿-±\≥, h¬-k≥ (K-h.tlman-tbm sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fPv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), kt¥m-jv sIm-√w.

F-S-h-Æ: Ip-≠p-tXm-Sv N-fn-cn-ß-en-se ]p-Øp]m-S≥ ho-cm≥-Ip-´n (64). `m-cy: ]m-e-∏-‰ kp-ss_Z. a-°ƒ: ^n-tdm-kv-_m_p, jm-P-lm≥ (C-cp-hcpw A¬-I-kow), ^n¿jm-Zv (Z-Ωmw), j-ao-e, k_n-X (^m¿-a-kn-Ãv \oXn-tÃm¿, F-S-h-Æ), k_v-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sI k¬-^n-ø, I-S-h-Øv jw\, A-\-¥-aw-K-e-Øv apPo-_p¿d-lvam≥ a-ºm-Sv, Im-{º-Øv km-Pn-Zv _m_p tXm-´n‚-°-c. ktlm-Z-c-߃: bq-kp-^v, D-Ω¿, B-bn-i, B-an-\, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-_p.

]-tøm-fn: tXm-te-cn-bnse Ip-‰n-bn¬ h-b-en¬ h-S-s° C-√-Øv A-{¥plm-Pn (74). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ P-eo¬, k-eow (C-cp-h-cpw _-lvd-bv≥), l-ko-\, jm-\hm-kv, ap-l-Ω-Zv j-aow. acp-a-°ƒ: A-–p¬-∂mk¿ (_-lv-d-bv≥), k-do\, Xm-ln-d, jm-ln-Zv. ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-–p-√lm-Pn (dn-´. ss{U-h¿ sI.F-kv.B¿.Sn.kn), C{_m-low, lw-k, sam-bvXo≥- lm-Pn, A-ssk\m¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-ΩXv.

ho-ºq¿: ]q-∏-ew ]-tc-X\m-b Im-hp-߬-sXm-Sn tN-°p- am-Ã-dp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P (75). a-°ƒ: A–p¬- k-emw, A-–p-¿dlv-am≥, jw-kp-±o≥, A–p¬ a-Po-Zv, B-bn-iΩp, d-lva-Øv, ssk-^p∂o-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sambv-Xp-´n A-ßm-Sn-∏p-dw, A-_q-_-°¿, l-\o-^ (C-cp-h-cpw Pn-±), d-lv-aØv, \-^o-kp, ssd-lm\-Øv, \-ko-d. J-_-d-S°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v h-e-ºq-¿ ]q-∏-ew ]p-Xnb Pp-ap-A-Øv-]-≈n J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

Im-c¥ - q¿: a¿-Ik - n-\v kao-]w I-cn-º\ - ° - ¬ ]-tcX-\m-b tIm-b - s - ‚ `m-cy B-an-\ (90). a-°ƒ: koXn, Jm-Zn¿, A-lva - Z- vI - p-´n, kn-±o-Jv, ]m-Øp-Ω, B-Ci. a-cp-a° - ƒ: Jm-en-Zv ]p¬-∏≈ - n, ap-lΩ - Z- vt- Imb Nm-Øa - w-Ke - w, J-Zo-P, ssk-\_ - , B-ky, kpsse-J. a-øn-Øv \a-kvI - mcw C-∂p cm-hn-se F-´n-\v Im-c¥ - q¿ a-l√ - v Pp-ama-kvP-nZ- n¬.

A-_q-_-¡À

C-kv-a-mCuÂ

kq-¸n

ta-cn

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n \m-bÀ

t]-cm-{º: N-°n-´] - m-db - nse X-SØ - n¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b tPm-k^ - n-s‚ `m-cy ta-cn (68). a-°ƒ: sP-bnw-kv, tam-fn, km-en, kn-kv‰ - ¿ tPm-kve - n≥, _n-Pp. a-cp-a°ƒ: jm-Pn sP-bnw-kv, X¶-®≥, s_-∂n, jmw-e‰ - v.

Hm-a-t»-cn: Ip-∏m-bt°m-Sv ssI-∏p-d-Øp-I≠n-bn¬ Ir-jv-W≥ Ip´n \m-b¿ (85). `m-cy: I-a-em-£n-A-Ω. a-°ƒ: tKm-]n, a-Wn tat\m≥, th-Wp. a-cp-a°ƒ: Pn-j, an-\n.

\n-e-ºq¿: F-cp-a-ap-≠ C-cp-\q-dn¬ ]q-f-°-]-dºn¬ C-kv-am-Cu¬ (50). -`m-c-y: k-^n-b.-a-°ƒ: keo-\, k-Pv-\, P-ko-\. I_-d-S-°w cm-hn-se 10-\v sN-ºw-sIm-√n Pp-am-a-kvPn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

t]m-¡À-Ip-«n ap-kveymÀ

N-´p-¡p-«n

Ip-ªm-bn-ip- -

Xm-a-c-t»-cn: X-®w-s]mbn¬ ]q-t°m-Sv sI-´n‚Im-bn¬ t]m-°¿-Ip-´n apkveym¿ (75). \n-c-h-[n {]-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ a-Zvd-km[ym-]-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. Iq-ds∏m-bn¬ ]-≈n-bn¬ Cam-am-Wv. `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: ap-\o¿, j-ao¿ (Ccp-h-cpw ku-Zn), k-°o¿ (Zp-_-bv), _-jo¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: ssa-aq-\, P-ko-\, k-lo-d, \-ko-_.

Im-∏m-Sv: hn-Im-kv\-K-dnse tR-d-ßm-´v Xm-sgIp-\n N-¥p-Ip-´n (82). `mcy: tZ-hn. a-°ƒ: I-cpW≥, P-tb-jv, Po-\, km-hn-{Xn, ssj-e-P, Pb-¥n, sP-kn. a-cp-a°ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, Ip™n-cm-a≥, hn-t\m-Zv, cm[m-Ir-jv-W≥, l¿-j¬, {io-Ip-am-cn, a-√n-I. k©-b-\w i-\nbmgvN.

Xm-\q¿: t]m-en-kv kv-t‰j-\p k-ao-]w ]-tc-X-\mb s\-√n-°m-]-d-ºn¬ cmbn-s‚ `m-cy Ip-∂-Øv Ip™m-bn-ip (85). a-°ƒ: jw-kp tIm-gn-t°m-Sv, apl-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, B-en-°p-´n (ku-Zn), A-–p-¿dlvam≥Ip-´n, J-Zo-P, \^o-k, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: _n-®m-an-\, B-an-\ _o-hn, B-an-\p, B-bn-i.

Nn-¶-½ps]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: Ip-∂-∏≈n B-en-°¬ ]p-d-h-f∏n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b C-´o-cnbp-sS `m-cy Nn-∂-Ωp (66). a-°ƒ: cm-a-Ir-jv-W≥, tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, tIi-h≥, t{]-a, im-¥-Ip-amcn, kp-Ip-am-cn, ]-¶-Pw. acp-a-°ƒ: Ip-©p, tKm-]me≥, \m-cm-b-W≥-Ip-´n, A-Pn-X, kp-\n-X.

A-½p-Ip-«n-

I¬-∏‰ - : ]p-Øq¿-hb - ¬sIm-f] - d - º - n¬- lw-k(63)-.- `m-cy: ]m-Øp.

hm-Wn-ta¬: Ip-f-∏-dºn-se h-en-bm-d-º-Øv P-am-en-b kq-∏n (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b J-ZoP. a-°ƒ: A- p, l-aoZv (C-cp-h-cpw Zp-_-bv), a“q-Zv, A-iv-d-^v, am-an, A-kv-a, ]-tc-X-bm-b Pao-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-ao-Zv (a-kv-I-Øv), A-–p¿-dlvam≥ (Zp-_-bv), Bbn-i, dm-_n-b, \-^ok, \-ko-a.

I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: ]p-Ø\-Øm-Wn A-Xn-cp-a-S-bnse ]-tc-X-\m-b ]p-fn-°sØm-Sn _m-e-s‚ `m-cy A-Ωp-Ip-´n (78). a-°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn-\n, ]-flm-h-Xn, D-Æn-tim-`, t{]-a≥, Cμn-c, jo-_, _n-μp, kn‘p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: N-{μ≥ a-°-c-]-d-ºv, cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥ tIm-´-°¬, Ip™p-Ip-´≥ Im-Sm-ºp-g, Zn-hm-I-c≥ ]p-g-°m-´n-cn, ap-Ip-μ≥ sN-{º, l-cn-Zmkv Xm-\q¿, i-in B-X-hB-bn-ip-½ \m-Sv, ]p-jv-], ko-\. kwhm-g° - m-Sv: ]-tc-X\ - m-b N- kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn¶-cØ - v B-en-bp-sS `m-cy se10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. B-bn-ip-Ω (65). a-°ƒ - : A-–p¬- I-cow, A-–p-√, Xq-§n-a-cn-¨p A-–p-kØ - m¿, ssk-\a-t©-cn: sh-‰n-e-∏m-d F_, J-Zo-P, ssk-Ze - h - n, S-°m-´p-]-d-ºv sX-ßpw-]A-–p-√, kp-ss_-Z, dw-e, ≈n ]-d-ºn¬ F-{_-lmJ-Zo-P. an-s‚ a-I≥ Pn¬-_n (35) ho-´n¬ X-q-ßn-a-cn-®-p. Ae-£-av n co-t°m-Sv t]m-en-kv C≥t]-cm-{º: ]-∂n-ap-°n-se Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn. C-fa - ° - ≠ - n \m-cm-bW - s - ‚ `m-cy e-£va - n (88). a-°ƒ: th-em-bp-[-s\-gp-¯-ѳ hn-Pb - ≥, ao-\m-£n, cmIm-ht- »-cn: I-g\ - n I-t√P≥, am-eX - n, l-cn-Zm-k≥. ∏p-≈n B-en-¶¬ hoa-cp-a° - ƒ: k-tcm-Pn-\n, N- ´n¬ th-em-bp-[s - \-gp{μ≥, ssi-eP - , am-b, ]-tcØ— ≥ (85). X-\m-b Kw-Km-[c - ≥.

X-\n-b-c

ho-cm³- lm-Pn- -

hn-a-e

e-£-av n A-½-

a-½-Xv-tIm-b

\-Sp-h-Æq¿: Im-hn¬ apt≠m-®-d-bn-se ]p-fo-s‚ Io-gn¬ X-\n-b-c (70). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b X-\n-b≥. a-°ƒ: tKm]m-e≥, Ip-am-c≥, kp-tcjv, tZ-hn, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, cm-[, kp-\n-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, Zn-hmI-c≥, K-w-Km-[-c≥, hnt\m-Z≥, tZ-hn, A-Pn-X, {io-P.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: F.B¿ \K¿ ]m-e-aT-Øn¬-Nn-\ sF-¥q¿ \m-b¿-ho-´n¬ ho-cm≥ lm-Pn (80). `m-cy: ]m-Øp-Ωp. a-°ƒ; ap-lΩ-Zv, aq-k-Ip-´n, B-an, _ncn-b-°p-´n, J-Zo-P, Bky, ^m-Øn-a, ]-tc-X-\mb ssk-Xp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssk-\-_, d-lva-Øv, Bcn-^, _o-cm≥-Ip-´n I-q-aÆ, sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n, sambv-Xo≥-Ip-´n hn sI ]-Sn.

ap-°w: A-K-kv-Xy≥-ap-gn ]-Sn-™m-sd sXm-Sn-Ibn¬ ]-flm-\m-`s‚ (dn-´. h-\w-h-Ip-∏v) `m-cy hn-a-e (62). a-°ƒ: Pn-kn-e (^tdm-°v ]-©m-b-Øv Hm^n-kv), Pn-Po-jv (πm-‰nt\m ¢m-kn-Iv, F-d-Wm-Ipfw), {]-Po-jv (F-b¿-t^mgv-kv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: ss_Pp, l¿-jn-X, Zn-hy. kwkv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\p ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

Xn-cq-cß - m-Sn: ]-tc-X\ - m-b ssI-\n-°c - Ip-™≥ \mb-cp-sS `m-cy I-tÆm-SØn¬ e-£va - n A-Ω (93). a-°ƒ: X-¶a - W - n (dn-´. sSen-{Km-^v am-ÿ sS-Iv\ - ojy), hm-kp-tZ-h≥ (B¿.Sn.Un. F-®v.F.-F¬, _mw•q¿), I-ae - , tZ-hb - m-\n, Kw-Km-[c - ≥. tim-` {]-`m-Ic≥, P-bc - m-P≥, t{]-a, kptc-{μ≥. k-©b - \ - w Rm-bdm-gvN - cm-hn-se B-dn-\v.

A-tØm-fn: F-S-Øn¬Xm-sg I-h-e-bn¬ aoج a-Ω-Xv-tIm-b (85). B-Zy-Im-e a¬-ky-°-®h-S-°m-c-\m-Wv. `m-cy: _n-tam-´n. a-°ƒ: A-ko-kv, B-en, B-bni-_n, k-^n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: _o-hn, d-km-Jv, A-ko-kv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]-tc-X-cm-b A–p-√, l-k≥, B-en.

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: In-g-t°mØv a-S-hq¿ap-°n-se ]Sn-™m-‰-bn¬ A-_q-_°¿ (46). am-Xm-hv: B-an\. `m-cy: \-^o-k. a°ƒ: \-_n¬, \u-^-¬, \u-jn-\. k-tlm-Z-c]-ßn-\n ߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv A-–p-¿s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: Ip-∂-∏- d-ln-am≥, A-–p¬ A≈n Xm-g-tØ-Xn¬ ]-tc- ko-kv (ku-Zn), A-∫mX-\m-b kp-{_-lv-a-Wy- kv (ku-Zn), ^m-Øn-a, s‚ `m-cy ]-fln-\n (55). ssk-\-_.

lw-k

]m-¯p-½-

tam-l³ Zm-kv-

k-Pn-e-

Ip-ª-l-½-Z-v

tam-l-\³-

A-Ðp-Ã

lp-ssk³

{io-\p

F-S-h-Æ-∏m-d: hm-g-°m-Sv ap-≠p-ap-gn ta-∏-Øq¿ ]tc-X-\m-b au-bv-Xo-s‚ `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ω (90)-. a°ƒ: a-Ωm-en, ]-tc-X-\mb A-_q-_-°¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ. k-°o-\. keo-\.

]q-t°m-´pw-]m-Sw: am-º‰ ]p-√p-]-d-ºv I-f-cn°¬]-d-ºv- -tam-l≥-Zmkv (65). `m-cy: ko-X. a-°ƒ: kpt\m-Pv, ssj-e-P. a-cp-aI≥: l-cn-Zm-k≥.

B-a-bq¿: a-Æn¬-I-Sh≥ sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n-bpsS `m-cy k-Pn-e (28). a°ƒ ln-_, A-Zn¬, k_m-lv, an≥-lm-Pv. ]n-Xmhv: hn ]n ap-l-Ω-Zm-en amÿ. am-Xm-hv: Im-°o-cn l-^v-k-Øv.

tIm-gn-s®-\: s]-cn-tßmS≥ Ip-™l - Ω - Z- v (76). `mcy: ]m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A–p¬ a-Po-Zv, ap-lΩ - Z- v ap-kvX-^, Xp-ss^¬, dw-e, jl¿-_m-\p. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A–p¬-Jm-Z¿, a≥-kq¿, kpss_-Z, lm-Pd - , kp-ld - .

F-S-∏mƒ: Ip-‰n-∏m-e e£w-ho-Sv tIm-f-\n-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b B-{º-h-f∏n¬ ]-tßm-S-s‚ a-I≥ F hn tam-l-\≥ (40). am-Xm-hv: A-Ωn-Wn. `m-cy: {]o-X. a-°ƒ: {]-tjm_v, tjm-_n≥.

Np-¶-Ø-d: ]p-en-ap-≠ A-–p-√ (75). `m-cy: Ban-\. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, ^m-Øn-a, km-Pn-X, JZo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: dw-eØv, A-–p¬ -k-emw, _-Z-dp-±o≥.

]-∂q¿: I-Æm-d] - p-Xn-tb-SØ - v tIm-´p-h‰ - lp-ssk≥ (80). `mcy: ]m-Øp-tΩ-bn. a-°ƒ: apl-ΩZ- v, A-_q-_° - ¿ kn-±o- J - v, ]m-Øq-´n, a-dn-b, k-°o-\, JZo-P° - p-´n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-_q_-°¿, ss^-k¬, k-eow, dpJn-ø, ko-\Ø - v.

tIm-´q-fn: N-ßc - º - e - Ø - v (ap-t≠m-´p-hb - ¬) Sn {io\p (73). `m-cy: Pm-\I - n. a°ƒ: {io-P, jm-Pn. a-cp-a°ƒ: hn-th-I≥, Zn-_n-P. k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: Pm-\p, e£va - n, N-¥p-°p-´n, `-cX - ≥, ]-tc-Xb - m-b I-eym-Wn.

F-S-∏mƒ: t]m-en-kv a¿-±-\-Øn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v NnIn¬-k-bn¬ I-gn-™n-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. kw-`h-sØ-Xp-S¿-∂v ta-J-e-bn¬ kw-L¿-jm-h-ÿ. ssl-th t]m-en-kn-s‚ hm-l-\w P-\-°q-´w B-{Ian-®p. h-´w-Ip-fw Ip-‰n-∏m-e am-{º Ip-f-Øn¬ tam-l\≥(40)B-Wv C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{X-n-bn¬ a-cn-®-Xv. Rm-b-dm-gv-N cm-{Xn- Ip-‰n-∏m-e-bn-se H-cp Ip-Spw-_-{]-iv-\w ]-d™p-Xo¿-°m-s\-Øn-b tam-l-\-\-S-°-ap-≈ aq∂w-K kw-Lw ho-´p-Im-cp-am-bn kw-L¿-j-Øn-seØn-b-tXm-sS N-ß-cw-Ip-fw t]m-en-kv C-h-sc Ikv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øv kv-t‰-j-\n-te-°p sIm-≠pt]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tam-l-\-s\ ]n-∂o-Sv Pm-ayØn¬ hn-s´-¶n-epw t]m-en-kv a-¿-±n-s®-∂m-tcm-]n®v F-S-∏m-fn-se-bpw ]n-∂o-Sv s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-bn-sebpw kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ NnIn¬k-tXSn. C∂-se ssh-I-o-´v F-t´m-sS-bm-Wv acWw kw`-hn®Xv. kw-`-h-sØ-Xp-S¿-∂v kn.]n.Fw. {]-h¿-Ø-I¿ t]m-en-kn-s\-Xn-tc cw-K-Øp-h-∂-Xv kw-L¿-jØn-\n-S-bm-°n-. F-S-∏mƒ \-Sp-h-´-Øv kw-ÿm-\]m-X D-]-tcm-[-n-®p. A-Xp-h-gn- h-∂ ssl-th t]men-kv hm-l-\-hpw {]-Xn-tj-[-°m¿ A-{I-an-®p. taml-\-s\ a¿-±n-® t]m-en-kp-Im¿-s°-Xn-tc I¿-i\\-S-]-Sn ssI-s°m-≈-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´v kn.]n.Fw. {]-h¿-Ø-I¿ F-S-∏m-fn¬ {]-I-S-\w \S-Øn.

ss_-¡-]-I-S-¯n ]-cn-t¡-ä hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p s]m-∂m-\n: Rm-b-dm-gv-N s]m-∂m-\n ]p-t√m-W-ØmWn-bn¬ ss_-°v a-Xn-en-en-Sn-®v ]-cn-t°-‰v Nn-In¬k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ hn-Zym¿Yn a-cn-®p. ]-tc-X-\m-b ]≈n-h-f-∏n¬ lw-k-bp-sSbpw F-c-™n-°¬ k-^nb-bp-sS-bpw a-I-\m-b A¬-A-ao≥ (19) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. s]m-∂m-\n Fw.-C.F-kv tIm-f-Pv _n._n.F H-∂mwh¿-j hn-Zym¿-Ynbmb A¬-A-ao≥ Imw-]kv- {^-≠v {]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-bncp∂p. Iq-´p-Im-cs\m∏w ss_°n¬ N-¥-∏-Sn-bn¬ \n-∂p sIm-√-s‚-]-Sn-bnte-°p-≈ bm-{Xm-a-t[y tdm-U-cn-In-se a-Xn-enen-Sn®m-Wv A-]-I-Sw. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: C¿-jm-Zv, C¿^m≥ (C-cp-h-cpw hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ).

ho-«-½- Xq-§na-cn-¨- \ne-bnÂ

s]cn-¥¬aÆ: Ip-∂∏-≈n A-Sn-hm-cw B-im-cn°c Xm-g-tØ-Xn¬ ]-tc-X\mb kp-{_-lva-Wy-s‚ `mcy ]-fln-\nsb (60) ho-Sn-s‚ A-Sp-°-f sj-Un¬ Xq-ßna-cn-®- \ne-bn¬ C-∂se cm-hnse I-s≠Øn. cm{Xn Ip-Spw-_tØm-sSm-∏w D-dßm≥ In-S-∂-Xmbncp∂p.

hm-l-\-an-Sn-¨v- ]cn-t¡ä bp-hm-hv- a-cn-¨p

sh-≈-ap-≠: hm-l-\-an-Sn®v- ]-cn-t°-‰v NnIn¬k-bnem-bn-cp∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn®p.- A-©p-Ip-∂v Ip-≠m-e]m-ep-t»-cn- ]-tc-X-\m-bIp-™-dm-ap-hn-s‚ a-I-≥ sa-l-dq-^v- (25)- B-Wv- a-cn®-Xv.- C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s®\m-en-\m-Wv- A-]-I-Sw.sIm-t≠m-´n- t]m-en-kvkv-t‰-j-\p- ko-]-Øm--bn-cp∂p A]-ISw.- ]-®-°-dn-bpam-bn- F-b¿-t]m¿-´n-te-°v- t]m-b- hm-l-\-Øn¬- \n∂v- C-d-ßn- tdm-Uv- ap-d-n-®p-I-S-°p-tºmƒ- hm-l-\-an-Sn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- Kp-cp-X-c]-cn-°pI-tfmsS tIm-gnt°m-Sv- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pn¬- NnIn¬k-bn-em-bncp∂p.- C-Sn-® hm-l-\w- I-s≠-Øm-≥ I-gn-™n-´n-√.t]m-en-kv- tI-sk-Sp-Øv- A-t\z-j-Ww- B-cw-`n-®p.- amXm-hv: B-an-\.

s{S-bn-\nÂ-\n-¶p ho-Wv A-Úm-X³ a-cn-¨p {io-tZ-hn A-½-

Ip-«n-am-fp-

k-^n-b-

tZ-h-In-

im-´

ap-l-½-Zv-

tZ-hn

tKm-hn-µ³- \m-bÀ

a-t©-cn-: tIm-hn-e-Iw-Ip≠v- t\m-¿-Øv- ]m-te-ßm-Sv{io-tZ-hn-A-Ω (Ip-™n-amfp-A-Ω˛76).- `¿-Øm-hv-: If-cn-hm-bn-¬ cm-a≥-\m-b¿.a-°ƒ: \-fn-\n,- {io-Ip-amc≥,- hn-t\m-Zv-Ip-am-¿,- am-btZ-hn.- a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-t\m-lc≥,- cm-a-\m-c-b-W≥,- P-b{io,- D-j.- kw-kv-Im-cwC∂v cm-hn-se 8\v- sjm-¿Wq-¿ im-¥n-Xo-c-Øn-¬.-

Xm-\q¿: ]-cn-bm-]p-cw Ip∂pw-]p-dw Ip-t∂-°m-´v h-en-b A-d-ap-J-s‚ `mcy Ip-´n-am-fp (80). a°ƒ: kp-Ip-am-c≥, _me≥, Zn-t\-i≥, kp-μc≥, kp-a-Xn, ku-an-\n, iym-a-f. a-cp-a-°ƒ: iyma-f, c-N-\n, B-i, jo-P, tKm-]m-e≥ ]q-gn-°p-∂v, tKm-]m-e≥ Ip-∂pw-]pdw, Zm-k≥ Ip-∂pw-]p-dw.

Im-fn-Im-hv: A-º-e-°-Shn-se B-ep-߬ sam-bvXp-´n-bp-sS `m-cy k-^n-b (70) . a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-apl-Ω-Zv, A-–p¬ P-eo¬ (Hm-h-¿-kn-b-¿, Im-fn-Imhv sI.F-kv.C._n), D-Ω¿ ss^-kn, A-en-bm-¿, B-_n-Zv, iw-kp-±o≥, ap\o-¿, _p-jv-dm-_o-Kw. acp-a-I≥: ap-l-Ω-Zv bmkn≥-.

]-ø-\m-Sv: Nn-{Xw-]m-´v DÆo-cn ssh-Zy-cp-sS `m-cy tNm-e-°¬ tZ-h-In. a°ƒ: ]-fln-\n, kp-io-e, ]-tc-X-\m-b t{]-a-N{μ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-c-kz-Xn, N{μ≥, Ir-jv-W≥. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se F´n-\v X-d-hm-Sv iv-a-im-\Øn¬.

h-fm-t©-cn: ta¬-∏Øq¿ tIm-∂-√q¿ ]-≠mc-∏-d-ºn¬ D-Æn-bp-sS `mcy im-¥ (55). a-°ƒ: cPo-jv, c-Rv-Pn-X, c-Rv-Pn\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-_, hnP-b≥ (a-kv-I-Øv), kp[o¿ (Zp-_-bv). k-tlm-Z-c߃: _m-_p (J-Ø¿), a-t\m-Pv a-e-∏p-dw, hn-P-be-£v-an, Zm-£m-b-Wn, ]¶-Pm-£n, h-¬k-e.

Im-fn-Im-hv: B-a-s∏m-bnen-se ]-ø-\m-S≥ ap-l-ΩZv (83). `m-cy: Xn-Øp-Æn-. a°ƒ: ssa-aq-\, A-–p¬ \m-k-¿, A-–p-¿d-lv-am≥ (Pn-±), A-–p¬ I-cow, A_-Zp¬ d-jo-Zv, ap-l-Ω-Zen. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-kv-amCu¬, Pp-ssh-cn-b, \nkm-_n, dw-e-Øv, ap-\o-d, D-Ωp-k-eo-P, ]-tc-X-bm-b Ip-™o-cp-Ω.

A-tØm-fn: A-tØm-fn°m-hv ]n-em-tØm-´Øn¬ ao-ج ]-tc-X\m-b ]m-®p-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy tZ-hn (78). a-°ƒ: k-Xn, kp-Pm-X, tkma≥, C-μn-c, ]p-jv-], ]tc-X-bm-b A-Pn-X. a-cpa-°ƒ: _m-e≥, _m_p, _-_n-X, ]-tc-X-\mb k-Zm-\-\-μ≥.

cm-a-\m-´p-I-c: ssh-Zyc-ßm-Sn ta-se-ho-´n¬ tKm-hn-μ≥- \m-b¿ (89). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-™n-e-£v-an A-Ω, ]-tc-X-cm-b i-¶p-Æn\m-b¿, cm-L-h≥ \mb¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 10\v tKmXo-iz-cw iv-a-im-\Øn¬.

bp-hm-hv s{S-bn-\n\v ap-¶n Nm-Sn a-cn-¨p; bp-h-Xnb-pw Ip-ªpw c-£-s¸-«p Im-™-ßm-Sv: s{S-bn-\n-\v ap-∂n¬ NmSn bp-hm-hv Po-hs - \m-Sp-°n. Iq-sS-bp-≠mbn-cp-∂ bp-h-Xn-sb-bpw ssI-°p-™ns\-bpw \m-´p-Im¿ c-£-s∏-Sp-Øn. Im™-ßm-Sv ku-Øv sd-bn¬-th {Sm-°nem-Wv kw-`h - w. Im-™ß - m-Sv ku-Ønse cm-P\ - mWv (28) a-cn-®X - v. {io-e¶ - ≥ kz-tZ-in-\n hn-Pn, hnPn-bpsS \m-epamkw {]m-ba - m-b a-Iƒ F-∂n-hs - c-bpw Iq´n B-fl-l-Xy- sNøm-s\-Øn-b-Xm-bncp-∂p cmP≥. hnPn-sbbpw Ip™ns\bpw \m´p-Im¿ c£s∏SpØn.

Kƒ-^n-¬ tPmen sNbvXn-cp∂ cm-P≥ A-hn-sS h®mWv hnPn-bp-am-bn A-Sp-∏Øn-em-bX - v. \m-ep-amkw ap-ºv hn-Pn-sb A-dn-bn-°m-sX cmP≥ \m-´n-te-°p Xncn®p. XpS¿∂v \mep-am-kw {]m-ba - m-b a-Is - f-bp-sa-Sp-Øv hn-Pn Im-™-ßm-´v F-Øp-I-bpw cm-Ps\ I-s≠-Øn I-√p-cm-hn-bn-se Izm¿-t´gvk - n¬ Xm-ak - n-®p-hc - n-Ib - pam-bn-cp-∂p.

X-e-t»-cn: A-⁄m-X-hr≤s\ s{S-bn-\n¬-\n-∂p hoWv a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠Øn. [¿-a-Sw sd-bn¬th tÃ-j≥ ]-cn-k-c-Øv Xn¶-fm-gv-N D-®-bv-°m-Wv A-]I-Sw. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°‰v X-e-t»-cn P-\-d¬ B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-® Cbmƒ I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw k‘y-tbm-sS-bm-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. ]q-s\-˛-F-d-Wm-Ip-fw F-Iv-k-{] n¬ \n-∂m-Wp ho-W-Xv. 65 h-b- v tXm-∂n-°pw. 157 sk‚n ao-‰¿ \ofw, H-Ø h-Æw, I-dp-∏p\n-dw, \-c-® Ip-‰n-Øm-Sn-bpw ap-Sn-bpw, C-S-XpssI-Ø-≠-bn¬ sI I-dp-º F-∂v ]-® Ip-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. h-b-dn-\v C-cp-h-i-Øm-bpw ap-dn hns‚ I-e- D-≠v. Im-hn ap-≠pw sh-≈-bn¬ Im-hn If¿ sse-t\m-Sv Iq-Sn-b- j¿-´p-am-Wv th-jw. j¿-´n-s‚ te-_-en¬ H-bm-kn-kv Xr-iq¿ F-∂v A-S-bm-f-ap-≠v. Cbmsf Xn-cn-®-dn-b-p-∂-h¿ [¿-a-Sw t]m-en-kv kvt‰-j-\p-am-bn _-‘-s∏-S-Ww.

AÚm-X³ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn a-cn-¨p X-e-t»-cn: P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{XnB-an-\-¡p-«n l-Öp-½-

B-bn-i

\m-kÀ

C-{_-m-low

\m-Wp

tN-te-{º: tN-eq-]m-Sw ]-tcX-\m-b I-Sq¿ am-fn-tb-°¬ tIm-b-°-´n-bp-sS `m-cy B-an\-°p-´n- l-÷p-Ω- (80). a°ƒ: A-–p-√, ap-l-Ω-Zv, _jo¿, A-_v-Zp-d-ln-am≥, _o^m-Øn-a, \-^o-k. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿, k-a-Zv.

^-tdm-°v: Nm-en-bw s\-√n°m-hn¬ ss\-\m≥-Ip-´n-bpsS `m-cy tIm-Sm-ºp-g Xm-sg ]m-db - n¬ ho-´n¬ B-bn-i (46). a-°ƒ: a-Avk - q-°v, B-jn-Iv, j-^o-Jv. a-cp-a°ƒ: km-_n-d, ap-_o-\.

_m-ep-t»-cn: Fw Fw ]d-ºv ]-tc-X-\m-b sXm-´nsXm-Sn aq-k-bp-sS a-I≥ \m-k¿ (36). am-Xm-hv: ssk-\-_. `m-cy: sk-eo\. a-°ƒ: dn-kv-hm-\, C¿-lm-\.

]-tøm-fn: s]-cp-amƒ-]pcw a-Wn-bq¿ l-u-kn-se Ip-cn-°-f-hn-sS C-{_mlow (59). `m-cy: kp-ss_-Z. a-°ƒ: C¿-jm-Zv, dn≥-kn. a-cp-aIƒ: j-l-\.

Xp-d-bq¿: ]m-e-Np-h-Sv h-≈-Øv ao-ج \mWp (56). `m-cy: h-k-¥. a-°ƒ: P-kn-X, P-ao-jv, P-Zojv. a-cp-a-I≥: tKm-]n.

bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-¬ Ign-™ncp∂ A-⁄m-X≥ a-cn-®p. 70 hb- v tXm-∂n-°pw. \-c-® Ip-‰nØm-Sn-bpw X-e-ap-Sn-bpw sh-≈ j¿-´pw I-Spw- \o-e-bn¬ ]p-≈nI-fp-≈ ep-¶n-bp-am-Wv th-jw. B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bvs°-Øn-b-t∏mƒ _m-e≥ F∂m-Wp t]-cv \¬-In-b-Xv. ar-XtZ-lw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn- tam-¿-®-dn-bn¬.

Unssh.F-kv.]n. ju-¡-¯-en Im-¸ \n-b-aw: I-cp-XÂ-¯-S-¦Â H-cp- hÀ-j-am-¡pw-þ a{´n sI sI cm-a-N-{µ³ am-Ì-dp-sS C-\n F³.sF.F-bn k-kv-s]-³-j-³ ]n³-h-en-¨p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: Sn ]n N-{μ-ti-Jc≥ h-[-t°-kn-se A-t\z-j-W D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ F ]n ju-°Ø-en F≥.sF.bn-te-°p amdn. tI-c-f t]m-enkv k¿-hokn¬ \n-∂p tI-{μ k¿-°m-cns‚ Io-gn-ep-≈ tZ-io-b A-t\zj-W G-P≥-kn (F≥.sF.F)bp-sS sIm-®n bq-\n-‰n-te-°m-Wv am-dn-b-Xv. {]-h¿-Ø-\-an-I-hpw k¿-ho-kv sd-t°m¿-Upw ]-cn-KWn-®m-Wv ju-°-Ø-en-sb F≥.sF.F-bn¬ F-Sp-Ø-Xv. \n-e-hn¬ ss{Iw-{_m-©v Un-ssh.-F-kv-.]n-bm-Wv ju-°Ø-en. Sn- ]n h-[-tI-kn-se At\z-j-W D-tZym-K-kv-Y-\m-bn-cp∂ ju-°-Ø-en-bm-Wv kn.]n.Fw tIm-gn-t°m-Sv Pn-√m

sk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰v Aw-Kw ]n taml-\-s\ A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv. kn.]n.Fw ]m¿-´n {Km-a-am-b IÆq-cn-se sam-S-t°m-gn a-e-bn¬ a-cw-sh-´p-Im-cp-sS th-j-Ønse-Øn-bm-Wv sIm-Sn kp-\n AS-°-ap-≈ sIm-e-bm-fn kw-LmwK-ß-sf G-‰p-ap-´-en-eq-sS Io-gvs∏-Sp-Øn A-d-Ãv sN-bv-X-Xv. tI-c-f-Øn-se G-‰-hpw h-en-b _m-¶v I-h¿-®-bm-b tN-te-{º _m-¶v I-h¿-®t°-kn-se At\z-j-W kw-L-Øn-epw ju°-Ø-en-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. tI-c-f tI-U-dn¬ \n-∂v Unssh.F-kv.]n-am-cm-b ]n hn{I-a≥, A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿ F-∂n-hcpw C-t∏mƒ sIm-®n F≥.sF.F bq-\n-‰n-ep-≠v.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: kw-ÿm-\Øv Kp-≠m-˛-am-^n-bm kw-Lß-sf A-a¿-® sN-øm≥ Im-∏ \n-b-aw i-‡-am-°p-∂-Xn-\mbn I-cp-X¬ X-S-¶¬ Im-em-h[n B-dp-am-k-Øn¬-\n-∂v H-cph¿-j-am-bn h¿-[n-∏n-®v \n-b-aw t`-Z-K-Xn sN-øp-sa-∂v B-`y-¥c-a-{¥n c-ta-iv sN-∂n-Ø-e. {Ia-k-am-[m-\-hp-am-bn _-‘-s∏´v Z-£n-W-ta-J-e-bn-se D-∂-X t]m-en-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS tbm-K-Øn-\p-ti-jw am-[y-a-{]h¿-Ø-I-tcm-Sv kw-km--cn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. \n-b-a-t`-Z-K-Xn-°p-≈ I-c-Sv _n-√v A-Sp-Ø \n-b-a-k-`m-ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ A-h-X-cn-∏n°pw. Kp-≠m, tª-Uv, a-W¬, Iz-t´-j≥ am-^n-bm kw-L-ßsf I¿-i-\-am-bn t\-cn-Spw. CXp-kw-_-‘n-®v Un.Pn.]n ]-cn-

tim-[n-®v am-kw-tXm-dpw k¿°m-cn-\v d-n-t]m¿-´v sN-øpw. am^n-b-I-fp-am-bn _-‘-ap-≈ t]m-en-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-sc h-®ps]m-dp-∏n-°n-√. C‚-en-P≥kpw kv-s]-jy¬ {_m-©pw CØ-cw t]m-en-kp-Im-sc-°p-dn-®v A-t\z-jn-°p-∂p-≠v. C-h-cp-sS dn-t]m¿-´v e-`n-®m¬ D-S≥ \-S-]Sn kzo-I-cn-°pw. ]n-Sn-In-´m-∏p≈n-I-fp-sS en-Ãv ti-J-cn-®v Ch-sc ]n-Sn-Iq-Sm≥ A-Sn-b-¥-c-\S-]-Sn- kzo-I-cn-°pw. kv-{Xo-Iƒ°pw Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw t\-sc-bp≈ A-Xn-{I-a-ß-fn¬ i-‡-amb \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ ssI-s°m-≈pw. hn-Zym-`ym-k ÿm-]-\-߃ tI-{μo-I-cn-®p-≈ el-cn-hn¬∏-\-im-e-Iƒ I-s≠-Øn I¿-i\-am-bn \n-b-{¥n-°pw. {]-[m-\ \-K-c-ß-fn-se Im-a-d-I-fn-eq-sS cm-{Xn Im-e-ß-fn-epw \n-co-£-

Ww i-‡-am-°pw. Pn-√-I-fn-se s]-‰n-t°-kpIƒ Xo¿-∏m-°m≥ Pn-√m t]men-kv ta-[m-hn-bp-sS t\-Xr-XzØn¬ A-Zm-e-Øp-Iƒ \-SØpw. h¿-Ko-b-kw-L¿-j-߃ \n-b-{¥n-°p-∂-Xn-\pw A-Øcw {i-a-߃ ap≥-Iq-´n I-≠v {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m-\pw \-S-]-Sn Xp-Sßn-. h¿-Ko-b-kw-L-´-\-߃ \S-°p-∂ ta-J-e-I-fn¬ P-\߃-°v B-fl-hn-izm-k-tØmsS Po-hn-°m-\p-≈ km-l-N-cysam-cp-°pw. Pn-√m t]m-en-kv ta[m-hn-I-tfm-Sv {]-Xn-am-k tbmK-߃ Im-cy-£-a-am-°m≥ \n¿-tZ-in-®n-´p-≠v. Un-ssh.-F-kv.-]n-am¿ Dƒs∏-sS-bp-≈ D-tZym-K-ÿ¿ t]m-en-kv tÃ-j-\p-Iƒ k-μ¿in-°p-∂-Xv Im-cy-£-a-am-°psa-∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d-™p.

tkm-jy¬ ao-Un-b-I-fp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v D-b¿-∂p-h-cp-∂ ]cm-Xn-Iƒ D-S-≥ ]-cn-l-cn-°m≥ ssk-_¿ sk-√n-s‚ {]-h¿-Ø\w Im-cy-£-a-am-°pw. C-Xn-\mbn A-Sp-Ø-Zn-h-kw ssk-_¿sk-√n-s‚ tbm-Kw tN-cpw. tIc-f-Øn¬ Ip-‰-Ir-Xy-ß-fp-sS F-Æw Iq-Sp-∂-Xv P-\-߃ t]m-en-kv tÃ-j-\n-se-Øn ]cm-Xn- \¬-Im≥ X-øm-dm-hp-∂Xn-\m-em-Wv. A-Sp-Ø-Zn-h-kw X-s∂ a-e_m¿ ta-J-e-bn-se D-∂-X DtZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS tbm-Kw tN-cpsa-∂pw B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n A-dnbn-®p. Z-£n-W-ta-J-e-bv-°v Iogn-ep-≈ Hm-tcm Pn-√-bn-se-bpw s]m-Xp-hm-b {I-a-k-am-[m-\ -\ne, Ip-‰-Ir-Xy-ß-fp-sS tXm-Xv Xp-S-ßn-b -hn-j-b-ß-fm-Wv tbm-K-Øn¬ N¿-®-sN-bv-X-Xv.

Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw: ap≥-a{- ¥n sI sI cm-aN - {- μ≥ am-ÿ-s°-Xn-cmb k-kv-s]≥-j≥ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ tIm¨-{K-kv]n≥-h-en-®p. F.sF.kn.kn. {]-kn-U‚n-s‚ \n¿-tZ-i-a-\p-k-cn-®v k-kv-s]≥j≥ ]n≥-h-en-®p-sIm-≠p-≈ P\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn ap-Ipƒ hm-kv\n-Iv Fw.]n.bp-sS \n¿-tZ-iw sI.]n.kn.kn. {]-kn-U‚n-\v e`n-®X - m-bn P-\d - ¬ sk-{I-´d - n Xºm-\q¿ c-hn A-dn-bn-®p. Xn-c-s™-Sp-∏v- k-a-b-Øv]m¿-´nhn-cp-≤ -{]-h¿-Ø-\w \-SØn-b-Xn-\pw ]m¿-´n-bp-sS {]-Xn—m-b-°v- a-ß-te¬-°p-∂ hn-[Øn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®-Xn-\p-ambncp∂p- cm-a-N-{μ≥ am-kv-‰-sd ]m¿-´n-bp-sS {]m-Y-an-Imw-K-Xz-

Øn¬-\n-∂v- k-kvs - ]‚ v- sN-bvX - Xv-. Xn-c-s™-Sp-∏v- {]-Nm-c-Wthf-bn¬ sI.-]n-.kn-.kn {]-knU‚ v- c-ta-iv- sN-∂n-Øe - b - v° - pw A∂sØ {]-Xn-]-£ t\-Xm-hvD-Ω≥-Nm-≠n-°p-sa-Xn-tc cm-a-N{μ≥ amÿ B-tcm-]-W-ß-fp∂-bn-®n-cp-∂p. ]m¿-´n-bp-sS tI-cf-L-S-Iw \¬-In-b dn-t]m¿-´ns‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-Wv- F.sF.-kn-.kn-bp-sS A-®-S-°-k-anXn \-S-]-Sn-sb-Sp-Ø-Xv-. sN-∂nØ-eb - pw D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n-bpw A-`n{]m-bk - zm-X{- ¥yw A-Sn-®a - ¿-ØpI-bm-sW-∂pw X-\n-s°-Xn-tc A- ® - S - ° - \ - S - ] - S n- s b- S p- Ø m¬ sI.]n.kn.kn. Hm-^n-kn¬ kXy-{K-lw In-S-°p-sa-∂p-w A-t±l-w {]-Jym-]n- ®n-cp∂p.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

29 P-\p-h-cn 2014 _p[≥

t^-kv_p-¡n-eq-sS kz`m-h-lXy: ho-«-½-bp-sS kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-¯n

A-º-e-∏p-g: t^kv_p-°n-eq-sS A-]-hm-Z {]-N-cWw \-S-Øn-b-Xn-s‚ t]-cn¬ a-\w-s\m-¥v B-fl-lXy sN-bv-X ho-´-Ω-bp-sS kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. F-dWm-Ip-f-Øv hm-S-I-bv-°v Xm-a-kn-®n-cp-∂ A-º-e-∏pg tXm-´-∏-≈n kz-tZ-in _n-\p-Ip-´-s‚ `m-cy _n-Pn-X (27)bp-sS kw-kv-Im-c-am-Wv tXm-´-∏-≈n-bn-se IpSpw-_-ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11Hm-sS \-SØn-b-Xv. C-h-cp-sS _-‘p-hm-b tXm-´-∏-≈n kz-tZ-in c-Xojv t^kv_p-°n-eq-sS-bpw F-kv.-Fw.-F-kv h-gn-bpw A-]-am-\n-s®-∂m-tcm-]n-®m-Wv bp-h-Xn Po-h-s\m-Sp°n-b-Xv. Rm-b-dm-gv-N `¿-Øm-hn-s\m-∏w t£-{X Z¿i-\w I-gn-™pa-S-ßn-b C-h¿ F-d-Wm-Ip-fw tN-cms\-√q-cn-se ^v-fm-‰n-\p-≈n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂p. bp-hm-hn-s\ C-Xp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´p t]m-enkv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øp tNm-Zyw sN-bv-Xp-h-cp-∂p.

cm-a-N-{µ³

_m-_p

I-{Xn-¡p-«n

am-Xyp

¢u-Un-\

_m-_p

I-cp-Wm-I-c³ ]n-Å

X-¦-½

Ip-´n-°¬: 37˛m-ssa¬ I-t√m-en-°¬ sI B¿ cm-a-N-{μ≥ (74). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v c≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. ktlm-Z-c-߃: _m-e≥, i-in, tkm-a≥, Ir-jv-WΩ, k-c-k-Ω.

Nm-Ø≥-X-d: Im-´p-]-dºn¬ _m-_p (55). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf 11\v ap-´-∏≈n Zn s]-¥-t°m-kv-Xv an-j≥ sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬. `m-cy: G-en-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: tim-`-\, kp-PnØv. a-cp-a-I≥: cm-Po-hv.

Nn-d-°-S-hv: sh-´n-°m-´v ]tc-X-\m-b Nm-≠-∏n-≈ Nm-t°m-bp-sS a-Iƒ I{Xn-°p-´n (82). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v 10\v-Nn-d-°-S-hv Xm-a-c-°p-∂v sk‚ v Ct{^w-kv ]-≈n- skantØcnbn¬.

i-¦-c³-Ip-«n

sP-bnw-kv tPm-k-^v

tIm-X

I-f-a-t»-cn: I-cn-∏m-bn tdm-Uv hn-Lv-t\-iv hn-lmcn sXm-gq¿ ho-´n¬ i-¶c≥ Ip-´n(81). `m-cy: F-kv cm-tP-iz-cn. aIƒ: tUm.-X-\p-P. a-cp-aI≥: tUm.-cm-a-N{μ≥(sIm-®n≥ bq-\n-thgv-kn-‰n C≥-U-kv-{Sn-b¬ ^n-j-do-kv hn-`m-Kw U-bd-Œ¿).

t^m¿´v-sIm®n: \-kv-dØv P-\-Xm-tdm-Uv P-Mv-j\n¬ I-f-Øn¬ sP-bnwkv tPm-k-^v(74). `m-cy: kn-_nƒ sP-bnw-kv (dn-´.A-[ym-]n-I). a-Iƒ: _o-\ tPm-fn. a-cpa-I≥: tPm-fn. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p cm-hn-se 11 \v ku-Zn B-tcm-Ky-am-Xm ]≈-n- skan-tØcnbn¬.

G-eq¿: ^m-Œv Izm¿-t´-gvkn-\p k-ao-]w ]-tØ-e°m-Sv Ip-≠q¿-°m-Sv ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Im-hme-s‚ `m-cy tIm-X(75). a°ƒ: hn-em-kn-\n, ]p-jv]m-I-c≥, A-\n-X, cm-Pp, ]-tc-X-\m-b kp-{_-“Wy≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-in, ko-a, kn-‘p, k-t¥mjv, {]-ho-W.

F-S-Xz: aq-∂p-ssX-°¬ Fw -kn am-Xyp (Ip-™ptam≥-˛70). kw-kv-Im-c-w C-∂v aq-∂n-\v B-\-{]mºm¬ am¿-tØm-Ωm ]≈n-bn¬. `m-cy: A-Ωn-Wn, X-e-h-Sn sh¨-ta-en aW-°v Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: jn-_p (ku-Zn), jn-Pn (sN-ss∂), jn-t\m-bn (A-\o-‰m A-eq-an-\nbw h¿-Iv-kv, F-S-Xzm) a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssj-\n ap°q-¿, jo-_m h-S-°≥ ]d-hq¿, A-\n-X ]-≈n-∏m´v.-

B-e-∏p-g: ap≥ Fw.-]nbpw kn.-]n.-sF. kwÿm-\ Iu¨-kn¬ AwK-hp-am-b Sn sP B-©tem-kn-s‚ k-tlm-Z-cn tN¿-Ø-e sX-°v \memw hm¿-Uv ]-≈n-∏-dºn¬ ¢u-Un-\ (X-¶-Ω˛59). kn.-]n.-Fw. A¿Øp-¶¬ tem-°¬ I-Ωn‰n sk-{I-´-dn am-Ø-\mWv `¿-Øm-hv. a-‰v ktlm-Z-c-߃: ta-cn, tPm¿-Pv. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-bv-°v aq-∂n-\v A¿Øp-¶¬ sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv N¿-®v skan-tØ-cn-bn¬.-

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: Ip-º-g ]\w-tXm-∏n¬ I-t√-Øv ]pØ≥-ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm¿-Pn-s‚ a-I≥ _m_p I-t√-Øv (42). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c≠n-\v h-S-t»-cn-°-c au≠v kn-tbm¨ tKm-kv∏¬ N¿-®v sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬.- B¿.-F-kv.-]n. ]Ø-\w-Xn-´ tem-°¬ IΩn-‰n-bw-K-am-Wv. `m-cy: tim-im-Ω. a-°ƒ: en-_n, kn-_n.

Xn-cp-h-√: a-∂≥-I-c Nn-d ]p-√w-πm-hn¬ I-cp-Wm-Ic≥ ]n-≈ (78). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v c-m-hn-se 11\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b k-tcmPn-\n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: c-am-tZ-hn, tc-JmtZ-hn, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, cm-Jn-tZ-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥, {io-Ip-am¿, P-b-Ipam¿.

a-√-∏-≈n: sIm-Sp-∏≈n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b h¿Ko-kv am-Xyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy X-¶-Ω (82). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. a-°ƒ: en- n, _m-_p-Pn, Um¿-en, a-Wn, Pn-Pn, _n-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tPm-kv, _m-_p-°p-´n, kPn, k-Pn ]p-Ø≥-]p-c-bv°¬, ssk-a¨ Ip-fØp-¶¬, tPm-fn.

kp-Ip-am-c³

lw-k

\m-Wn

I¬-∏‰ - : ]p-Øq¿-hb - ¬sIm-f] - d - º - n¬- lw-k(63)-.- `m-cy: ]m-Øp.-

X-et- »-cn: am-S∏ - o-Sn-I A-Nyp-Xs - ‚ `m-cy at∂m-fn¬ \m-Wn (90).

tXm-a-kv

Ip-ªp-Ip-ªv

hn-P-b³

Ip-am-c³

Xn-cp-h-√: h-≈w-Ip-fw Ip-dp-∏≥-]-d-ºn¬ sI F tXm-a-kv (74). kw-kv-Imcw ]n-∂o-Sv. `m-cy: Ip™q-™-Ω. a-°ƒ: F_n, jn-_n, ^n-√p. a-cp-a°ƒ: s_-‰n, eu-P, sjdn≥.

Nm-cpw-aq-Sv: Xm-a-c-°p-fw N-Øn-b-d X-S-Øn¬ In-g°-Xn¬ {_-lv-am-e-bØn¬ Ip-™p-Ip-™v (80). `m-cy: X-¶-Ω. a°ƒ: {_-lv-am-\-μ≥, cpIvv-an-Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-PnX, hn-P-b-Ip-am¿.

Xp-d-hp¿:- Xn-cp-a-e-`m-Kwh-S-t°- sIm-‰n-\m-´v i-¶cm-e-b-Øn¬- hn-P-b≥(60) . `m-cy:- hn-P-b-Ω.

Xp-d-hq¿:- ]-d-b-Im-Sv \nI¿-Øn¬- Ip-am-c≥- (75). A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv.

lm-Pn ssk-\p B-Ðo³ au-e-hn

tPmÀ-Pv

B-bn-i l-Öp-½

sXm-Sp-]p-g: ss_-°pIƒ Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v sI.-Fkv.-B¿.-Sn.-kn _-kn-\-Snbn-te-°v ho-W bp-hm-hv _-kv I-b-dn a-cn-®p. ]q-ame Iq-h-°-≠w C-e-hn\m¬ am-Xyp-hn-s≥-d aI≥ B‚-∏≥ F-∂v hn-fn°p-∂ B-t‚m(23)bm-Wv sNm-Δm-gv-N D-®-tbm-sS sXm-Sp-]p-g ]-g-b sI.-F-kv.-B¿.-Sn.-kn. Ãm≥Un\p k-ao-]-Øp-≠m-b A-]-I-S-Øn¬ a-cn-®-Xv. ssS¬-kv ]-Wn-°m-c-\m-b B-t‚m tPm-en I-gn™v ho-´n-te-°v a-S-ßp-∂-Xn-\n-sS k-©-cn-®n-cp-∂ ss_-°v a-s‰m-cp ss_-°n-en-Sn-®v \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-SpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. _- n-\-Sn-bn-te-°v ho-W B-t‚m-bpsS i-co-c-Øn-eq-sS _- n-s≥-d ]n≥-N-{Iw IbdnC-dßn. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ B-t‚m-sb D-S≥ Btam-l-\³ ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. amIn-fn-am-\q¿: ]-g-b-Ip-∂p- Xm-hv: F¬-kn. k-tlm-Z-cn: B≥-kn.Ω¬ s\-√n-°m-Sv a-Rv-Ppj `-h-\n¬ tam-l-\≥ (62). a-°ƒ: a-t\m-Pv-Ipam¿, a-Rv-Pp-j. a-cp-a°ƒ: D-Z-b-Ip-am¿, Zo-]. ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: \n-b-{¥-Wwhn-´ ss_-°v Im-dn-\v ]n∂n-en-Sn-®v ss_-°p bm-{X-°m-c-\m-b bp-hm-hv a-cnkp-tI-in-\n ®p. ta-s°m-gq¿ i-io-hn-em-k-Øn¬ i-in-bq-sS asa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv: D≈q¿ kp-{]n-b-bn¬ k-Zm- I≥ _n-\o-jv ]-Wn-°¿ (22) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.- C-∂in-h ]-Wn-°-cp-sS `m-cy se cm-hn-se 9.-15 Hm-sS- ssa-e-{]-˛ ta-s°m-gq¿ tdmkp-tI-in-\n (85). a-°ƒ: Un-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. kp-an-{X, kp-\n¬-Ip-am¿, kp-lr-Øn-t\m-sSm-∏w ss_-°n¬ tPm-en-ÿ-etUm. iym-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tØ-°p t]m-hp-∂-Xn-\n-sS ta-s°m-gq¿ P-Mv-j-\p tUm. Fw ]n an-{X, F≥ k-ao-]w C-d-°Øn¬h®v ss_-°n-s‚ \n-b-{¥-Ww kp-[m-I-c≥. hn-Sp-I-bpw- ss_-°v ap≥-]n¬ t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Im-dn¬ C-Sn-®p I-b-dp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-d-In¬ C-cpth-em-bp-[-s\-gp-¯-ѳ Im-ht- »-cn: I-g\ - n I-t√- ∂ _n-\o-jv tdm-Un-te-°v sX-dn-®pho-Wp. X-e-bv∏p-≈n B-en-¶¬ th-em- °p Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ _n-\o-jv kw-`-h-ÿ-eØph-®pX-s∂ a-c-W-s∏-´p. t]m-Ãptam¿-´-Øn-\p bp-[s - \-gp-Ø— - ≥ (85). ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p \¬-In.-

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: tXm-´-Øn¬ Sn sP tPm¿-Pv (h¿-°n®≥˛ 66). `m-cy: `q-XØm≥-sI-´v hm-´-∏n-≈n¬ ta-cn. a-°ƒ: C¬-_n (bp.-sI). hn-]n≥ (bp.-F.C-). a-cp-a-°ƒ: Po-kv, _n\p. kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf ssh-In-´v 3.-30 \v aq-hm-‰p]p-g tlm-fn am-Kn ]-≈nska-ntØcnbn¬.

Im-™ß - m-Sv: Pn-√m eoKv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v A-Pm-\q¿ I-S∏ - p-ds - Ø F l-ao-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS am-Xm-hv B-bn-i l-÷pΩ (80). `¿-Øm-hv: _mhm ta-kv{- Xn. a-‰v a-°ƒ: F A-ko-kv, F \q-dp±o≥, a-dn-bw, P-ao-e, a-cpa-°ƒ: ap-lΩ - Z- v Ip-™n, A-_vZ- p¿-dl - vam≥.-

I-√-º-ew: I-√-º-ew bm-ko≥ lu-kn¬ lmPn ssk-\p¬ B-–o≥ P-ao-e (76). `m-cy: e-Øo-^m I-eym-Wn-b-½ sN¿-∏p-f-t»-cn: B-\-μ- _o-hn. a-I≥: I-√-º-ew sN-dp-]p-g: ap-\-bp-Ip-∂n- ]-Sn F-f-Ip-dp-»n-sXm-Sn A¿-j-Zv Jm-kn-an ({]se ]-tc-X-\m-b ssI-\n ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Znkn-U‚ v A¬-lm-Zn Acm-a-s‚ `m-cy I-eym-Wns‚ `m-cy P-ao-e (62). ab-Ω (82). a-°ƒ: {]-`m-h- °ƒ: k-bv-d-_m-\p, Xm- tkm-kn-tb-j≥). a-cp-a-Iƒ: \-ko-dm _oXn, ]q-a-Wn,- {io-e-X.- aln¿ , ssd-lm-\-Øv, dhn. th¿-]m-Sn¬ A¬cp-a-°ƒ-: cm-L-h≥,- _m- lvaØv, ^m-Øn-a kplm-Zn A-tkm-kn-tbe≥, Nm-Øp. lv-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-jo-Zv, j≥, Hmƒ C-¥y C-am-wA-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, k-eow, kv Iu¨-kn¬, Pw-C-ø{io-[-c³ ^m-Øn-am Pm-kv-an≥. Øp¬ D-e-am F ln-μv, Iq-Øp-]d - º - v: Im-b-temZ-£n-W tI-c-f Pw-C-øSv {ip-Xn \n-hm-kn¬ kn ]mÀ-h-Xn Fw {io-[-c≥ (58). `m-cy: C-cn-°q¿: Im-hp-ºm-bn Øp¬ D-e-a, t]m-]p-e¿ Im¿-Xym-b-\n. a-°ƒ: k-a-c tk-\m-\n- ªm-Øq- {^-≠v t\-Xm-°ƒ A\p-tim-N-\w A-dn-bn-®p. {ip-Xn, {io-Xn. cn-se ]m¿-h-Xn (85).

lw-k

tIm-X-aw-K-ew: sN-dp-hA-e-\-√q¿: D-Æym-en¬ ´q¿ B-im≥-]-Sn Xm-gN-°w-sXm-Sn lw-k (60). sØ-Ip-Sn ho-´n¬ kp-Ip`m-cy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: am-c≥(70). `m-cy: Ku-cn. aap-l-Ω-Zv _-jo¿, A≥°ƒ: h-\-P, P-b. a-cp-ah¿, \-ko-a. °ƒ: {]-`m-I-c≥, N-{μ≥.

Ir-jv-W-½

kp-Pm-X

Im-´m-°-S: a-fi-]-Øn≥-I-S-hv H-‰-ti-J-c aw-Kew {io-Ip-am-c `-h-\n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \o-e-IWvT≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Ir-jv-W-Ω (81). a-°ƒ: {]-k-∂-Ip-am-cn, {io-Ipam-c≥ \m-b¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: th-e-∏≥ ]n-≈, B-imIp-am-cn.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: A-hWm-Ip-gn A-º-e-Øp-hn-f ho-´n¬ ]p-jv-I-c-s‚ `mcy kp-Pm-X (66). a-°ƒ: A-tim-I≥, i-Ip-¥-f. acp-a-°ƒ: ip-`-Ip-am-cn, tam-l-\≥.

hn-iz-\m-Y ]n-Å sa-Un-°¬ -tIm-f-Pv: Ipw-Ip-fw se-bv≥ tXm-∏n¬ ho-´n¬ hn-iz-\m-Y-]n≈ (89). `m-cy: k-c-k-Ω.

Pm-\-In ]-ø∂ - q¿: cm-a¥ - f - n I°w-]m-db - n-se hm-Ss - °]p-cb - n¬ Pm-\I - n (62).

kz-bw-{]-` sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pv: D-Zb-Kn-cn C-S-bn-e ho-´n¬ kz-bw-{]-` (86). a-°ƒ: tKm-]-Ip-am¿, Ko-X, {]oX. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-c-kz-Xn, P-b-N-{μ≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b kp-Z¿-i-\≥.

_m-e-Ir-jv-W³ sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv: Cc-∏p-Ip-gn e-£w ho-´n¬ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ (71). `mcy: k-tcm-Pn-\n.-

FÂ-_o-\ ssh-∏n-≥: ]-≈n-∏p-dw tIm¨-sh‚ v ]-Sn-™m-dv Ip-cn-ip-ho-´n¬ h-kvXy≥ `m-cy F¬-_o-\ (85) .-- kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v ]-f-fn-∏p-dw a-™p-am-Xm _-kn-en-°skan-tØcnbn¬.-

ss_-¡p-IÄ Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v ho-W bp-hm-hv _-kv I-b-dn a-cn-¨p-

Im-dn-\p ]n-¶n ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

kz-Im-cy_-Ên-Sn-¨v ss_-¡n-\v ]n-¶n-en-cp-¶-bmÄ a-cn-¨p

A-kp-am-_o-hn

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-Å

]-ß-Ip-am-cn-b-½

a-dn-bm-½

-`m-kv-¡-c³

hm-kp-tZ-h³

A-Ðp d-km-Jv au-e-hn

in-h-Zm-k³

N-h-d: ]-tc-X-\m-b X-SØn¬ Sn F tIm-bm-Ip-´n km-ln-_n-s‚ `m-cy Akp-am-_o-hn(75). a-°ƒ: kp¬-^-Øv _o-hn, X¬l-Øv (Un.-Un. Hm-^n-kv), sk-bv-Xv (ku-Zn), B-Zne, jm-°n-d, \-Po-_v, apPo-_v, ln-Zm-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: A- -\m-cp-Ip-™v, jm-tamƒ (Un.-hn.-F¬.]n.-F-kv, h-S-°pw-X-e), clv\, j-d-^p-±o≥, A-–p¬-k-a-Zv, ^u-kn, d-^o-\, jw-kp-±o≥ (ku-Zn).-

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: C-S-Ip-fß-c ]p-en-bq¿ h-©n sX°v ]p-≈n-bn¬ sX-°Xn¬ tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W]n-≈(62). `m-cy: N-{μn-Ib-Ω. a-I≥: Pn tKm-]-Ipam¿.

Im-h-\m-Sv: I-S-hq¿ ]p-Xpho-´n¬ F-kv cm-a-N-{μ≥]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy B¿ ]fl-Ip-am-cn-b-Ω(68). a°ƒ: B¿ _n-Pp, B¿ ss_-Pp, ]n _n-μp. a-cp-a°ƒ: B¿ cm-Pn, F¬ A-ºn-fn, B¿ {]-km-Zv.

Ip-≠-d: ]-≈n-ap-°v πmwaq-´n¬ ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b tbm-l-∂m-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bm-Ω(76). a°ƒ: en-√n-°p-´n, timim-Ω, A-∂-°p-´n, ^n-en∏v, tP-°-_v, tPm¨k¨, tPm-kv (k-¶o¿Ø-\w Hm¿-°-kv-{Sm). acp-a-°ƒ: kn hn cm-Pp, sI Fw cm-Pp, tPm¨, sS¬-a, t_-_n, _n-Pn, kp-\n.-

N-h-d: tX-h-e-°-c ]-Sn™m-‰-°-c \n-Ip-Rv-Pw ho-´n¬ sI `m-kv-°-c≥ (tX-h-e-°-c `m-kn-˛75). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v c-≠n-\v. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b Pm-\-In. a-°ƒ: Pq_n-en, _n-Pn-Øv, _nt\m-bn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Xr-Zo]v Ip-am¿ Nu-[-cn, k-PnX.

Hm-bq¿: B-Zy-Im-e Iayq-Wn-Ãv t\-Xm-hpw shfn-bw Sn.--hn.--Sn.--Fw.--F-®v.-F-kv.F -- -kv. am-t\-P-cp-amb sIm-Sn-bn-e-gn-I-Øv ho-´n¬ sI -hm-kp-tZh≥ (77). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: cp-Iv-a-nWn, a-°ƒ: kn-‘p, sj¿-fn, P-b-dmWn (F≥-Pn-\o-b¿, sI.-F¬.--Un.--kn-). a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-cp-fo-[-c≥ (hn-ap-‡-`-S≥), k-en-Ipam¿ (F≥-Pn-\o-b¿ ]n.-U-ªyq.--Un.-), A-Uz.-- B¿ a-t\m-Pv-Ip-am¿, {io-Ipam¿ ({]-W-hw Im-jyp ^m-Iv-S-dn, ]p-Øq¿).

Hm-bq¿: s\-´-bw sN-¶q¿ Xm-lm a≥-kn-en¬ A-bØn¬ A-_v-Zp¬ d-km-Jv au-e-hn Fw.--F-^v._ -- n.(75). `m-cy: d-lo-am- _ohn. a-°ƒ: Xm-l (kuZn), \-Pp-a, \-Po-_v (-Xmeq-°v Hm-^n-kv, A-Sq¿), \u-^¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: apwXm-kv, jm-\-hm-kv (Kƒ^v), jw-\.-

]-Ø-\m-]p-cw: a-™≈q¿ tXm-Wn-°p-gn In-gt°-°-c-bn¬ F-kv in-hZm-k≥(64). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v. `m-cy: eo-e. a-I≥: ]-fl Kn-co-j≥.

P-\mÀ-±-\³ ]-ø∂ - q¿: Ip-∂c - p-hn-se hym-]m-cn hy-hk - m-bn-bmb ]n hn P-\m¿-±\ - ≥ (54).

tPm-À-Pv hÀ-Ko-kv sa-Un-°¬ -tIm-f-Pv: IÆw-aq-e A-hn-Sw tdm-Uv Xm-a-c-ti-cn-bn¬ tPm¿-Pv h¿-Ko-kv (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b km-dm-Ω. a-°ƒ: _m-_p-tPm¿-Pv, en-\m tPm¿-Pv, \n¿-Ω-e tPm¿-Pv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-P _m-_p tPm¿-Pv, Pn-Ωn F-{_lmw, tPm¿-Pv tXm-a-kv.

{io-[-c³ ssh-ZyÀ X-e-t»-cn: sN-tº-cn-bnse \n-jm ^m¿-a-kn D-Sa H {io-[-c≥ ssh-Zy¿ (76). `m-cy: Sn sI km-hn{Xn. a-°ƒ: \n-j (_mw•q¿), jo-\ (Pn.hn.F®v.F-kv.F-kv I-Æq¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b-{]-Im-iv (_mw-•q¿), {]-Zo-]≥ (ap≥-kn-^v tIm-S-Xn, IqØp-]-d-ºv).

am-[-hn Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: B-dmw ssa-en-se Ip-\n-bn¬ ho-´n¬ ap-t√m-fn am-[-hn (85). `¿-Øm-hv: Ir-jvW≥. a-°ƒ: `m-kv-Ic≥, kp-tc-jv _m-_p.

{_n-Po-äv \o-te-iz-cw: t]-tcm¬ h-≈n-°p-∂n-se sh-´n°¬ sk-_m-Ãy-s‚ `mcy {_n-Po-‰v F-∂ A-®mΩ (83). -a-°ƒ: t_-_n, tPm-kv, sX-øm-Ω, A-∂°p-´n, ta-gv-kn, tam-fn, ]m-{Sn-Iv.

ho-Sp \nÀ-am-W-¯n-\n-sS bp-hm-hv tjm-t¡-äv a-cn-¨p

im-kv-Xmw-tIm-´: hoSp \n¿-am-W-Øn-\n-sS bp-hm-hv tjm-t°-‰v acn-®p. ]-Sn-™m-sd I√-S A-bn-tØm-´p-h C-S-bm-´n¬ a-[p-kq-Z\≥(38) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se H-º-tXm-sS-bm-Wv A]-I-Sw. k- a o- ] - h m- k n- b psS- ho-´n-se A-‰-Ip-‰-∏-Wn-Iƒ-°n-S-bn-em-Wv tjm-t°-‰-Xv. A-]-I-S-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v k-l-{]-h¿Ø-I¿ im-kv-Xmw-tIm-´-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]{Xn-bn-te-°v sIm-≠pt]m-hp-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ a-cn®p. k-Pn-X-Ip-am-cn-bm-Wv `m-cy. a-°ƒ: B-ZnXy≥, B-Zn-\m-Yv.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

]m-cn-∏-≈n: ho-´-Ω-sb In-S-∏p-ap-dn-bn¬ Xq-ßn-acn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. A-Sp-X-e Iq-cm-∏n-≈n jo-Pm k-Z-\-Øn¬ ssj-Pp-hn-s‚ P-b(30)BWv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se ho-´n¬ a-‰m-cpw C√m-bn-cp-∂ k-a-b-Øm-Wv kw-`-hw. a-°ƒ: IÆ≥, Ip-™m-‰.

th-e-¸³ \m-bÀ

hn-P-b³ \m-bÀ

AÀ-Pp-\³

_m-e-cm-a-]p-cw: Du-cp-´º-ew h-en-b-d-Ø-e hnjv-Wp `-h-\n¬ th-e∏≥ \m-b¿ (84). `m-cy: P-K-Z-Ω. a-°ƒ: in-h≥Ip-´n, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, Ip-amcn, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-\n¬Ip-am¿, Ko-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: X-¶n, Ko-X, jo_m-dm-Wn, tim-`-\-Ipam¿, ap-cp-I≥.

I-√-d: A-cn-hm-cn-°p-gn cRv-Pn-Xv `-h-\n¬ hn-Pb≥ \m-b¿ (52). a-°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn-Øv, c-ay. a-cp-aI≥: Kn-co-jv.-

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sN-dph-bv-°¬ sN-dp-h-´n-t°mWw A-\p-]-a-bn¬ A¿÷p-\≥ (94˛-K-h. tIm¨-{Sm-Œ¿). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b `-hm-\n. a-°ƒ: {iotZ-hn tam-l≥, {io-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-Imcyw tam-l-\≥ (kn.-Un.F-.-kn), i-in-I-e.

t{]-a sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv: t]m-ßpw-aq-Sv sN-√w ho´n¬ cm-tP-{μ-s‚ `m-cy t{]-a (60). a-°ƒ: hr-μ, ap-c-fn, i-_-cn. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-Æm-a-sse, Ipam-cn, Zn-hym.

tKÀ-«n BÀ s^À-Wm-−-kv sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pv: IÆw-aq-e ]-´m-Wn-°p-Snbn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sd-bvt\mƒ-kv s^¿-Wm-≠kn-s‚ `m-cy tK¿-´n B¿ s^¿-Wm-≠-kv (89). a-°ƒ: s^-en-Iv-kv s^¿-Wm-≠-kv, sa-do-\ ^n-en-∏v Un-{Iq-kv s^¿Wm-≠-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Pm-Izn-en-≥ s^-en-Iv-kv s^¿-Wm-≠-kv, ^n-en-∏v Un-{Iq-kv.

C-kv-am-bn I-√-º-ew: Rm-d-bn¬tIm-Ww N-°≥-Nn-d ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sF-jm _o-hn-bp-sS a-I≥ ap-lΩ-Zv C-kv-am-bn¬ (64).

jn-_p Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: Ip-∂n-cn°-bn-se Ip-≠-Øn¬ ho-´n¬ jn-_p (42).

A-Ðp-Ã

Ip-ºf - : sIm-Sn-bΩ - tN∏n-\S- p-°b - n-se I¿-jI≥ _n¬-tdm-Un-bn-se sI _n A-–p-√ (98). `mA-ÐpÂ- Jm-ZÀ cy: B-kyp-Ω. a-°ƒ: apD-Zp-a: ]m-e-°p-∂v I-Æw- l-ΩZ- v, A-¥p-™n au-eIp-fw lu-kn¬ sI A- hn, C-{_m-low, bq-kp–p¬ -Jm-Z¿ (85). `m-cy: ^v, A-_q-_° - ¿, D-Ωe - oJ-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: A-–p-√ , a, J-Zo-P, k-^o-\. a-cp-aC-kv-am-Cu¬ , A-–p¬ °ƒ: lw-k, e-Øo-^v, A-ko-kv , jm-\-hm-kv , A-–p¿d-lvam≥, J-Zo-P, A-–p¿-d-lvam≥ , Aa-dn-bp-Ω, a-dn-bp-Ω, B–p¬ ap-°o-Øv. bn-i, \-kn-b.

sN-ß-∂q¿: kz-Im-cy _ n-Sn-®v ss_-°n-\p ]n∂nen-cp-∂v bm-{X sN-bvXbmƒ a-cn-®p. ]p-en-bq-¿ ta¬-°-c Ko-Xm `-h-\n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Y ]-Wn-°¿ (70) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂se cm-hn-se 11 Hm-sS ]pen-bq¿ tÃ-‰v _m-¶n-\v kao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-ISw. ho-´n-¬ πºn-Mv tPm-en-s°-Øn-b bp-hm-hn-s\m∏w sN-ß-∂q-cn-te-°v t]m-Ip-tºmƒ B-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. ss_-°v Hm-Sn-®n-cp-∂ ]p-en-bq¿ A-Pn hn-em-kØn¬ A-tim-I≥ (32)\pw ]-cn-t°-‰n-´p-≠v. Kp-cp-Xc-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ tKm-]n-\m-Y ]-Wn-°-sc Xn-cp-h-√bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶nepw D-®-tbm-sS a-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: I-\-IΩ. a-°ƒ: tKm-]-Ip-am¿, Ko-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tam-l-\Ip-am¿, c-iv-an.-

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ-

sN-ß-∂q¿: bp-hm-hn-s\ ho-´n-\p-≈n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. Xn-cp-h≥ h-≠q¿ hn-\p `-h-\Øn¬ hn-P-b≥ B-Nm-cn-bp-sS a-I≥ hn-jv-Wp hn-Pb≥ (24)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. t]m-en-kv F-Øn ta¬-\-S]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

I-Ã-S-bm-än Ip-fn-¡m-\n-d-§n-b aÀ-±-\-¯n Ian-Xm-¡Ä s{Sbn-\n\v ap¼n NmSn bp-hm-hv ap-§na-cn-¨p ]-cn-t¡-ä Bß-l-Xy¡v {ian¨p; bphmhv acn¨p bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p F-S∏ - mƒ: t]m-en-kv a¿-±\-Øn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v NnIn¬-k-bn¬ I-gn-™n-cp∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. h-´w-Ip-fw Ip-‰n-∏m-e am-{º Ip-f-Øn¬ tam-l\≥(40)B-Wv C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v s]-cn-¥¬-aÆ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{X-n-bn¬ a-cn-®-Xv. Rm-b-dm-gv-N cm-{Xn- Ip-‰n-∏m-eb - n-se Hcp Ip-Spw-_-{]-iv-\w ]-d™p- X o¿- ° m- s \- Ø n- b tam-l-\-\-S-°-ap-≈ aq∂w-Kkw-Lw ho-´p-Im-cpam-bn kw-L¿-j-Øn-seØn-b-tXm-sS N-ß-cw-Ipfw t]m-en-kv C-hs - c I-ÃUn-bn-se-Sp-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂p. tam-l-\-s\ t]men-kv a-¿Zn-s®-∂m-tcm-]n®v kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ NnIn¬k-tX-Sn. C∂-se ssh-I-o-t´m-sS-bmWv acWw kw`-hn-®Xv.

Im-™-ßm-Sv: s{S-bn\n-\v ap-∂n¬ Nm-Sn bphm-hv Po-h-s\m-Sp-°n. Iq- s S- b p- ≠ m- b n- c p- ∂ bp-h-Xn-sb-bpw ssI°p-™n-s\-bpw \m-´pIm¿ c-£-s∏-Sp-Øn. Ign-™ Zn-h-kw Im-™ßm-Sv ku-Øv sd-bn¬th {Sm-°n-em-Wv kw-`hw. Im-™-ßm-Sv kuØn-se cm-P-\mWv (28) a-cn-®-Xv. {io-e-¶≥ kz-tZ-in\n hn-Pn, hnPn-bpsS \m-epam-kw {]m-b-am-b a-Iƒ F-∂n-h-sc-bpw Iq-´n B-fl-l-Xy- sNøm-s\-Øn-bXm-bn-cp-∂p cmP≥. F∂m¬ hnPn-sbbpw Ip™ns\bpw \m´p-Im¿ c£-s∏SpØn. Kƒ-^n-¬ tPmen sNbvXn-cp∂ cm-P≥ A-hn-sS h®mWv hn-Pn-bp-am-bn A-Sp-∏-Øn-em-b-Xv. \m-ep-amkw ap-ºv hn-Pn-sb A-dn-bn-°m-sX cm-P≥ \m-´n-te°p Xncn®p. XpS¿∂v \m-ep-am-kw {]m-ba - m-b a-Is - fbp-sa-Sp-Øv hn-Pn Im-™-ßm-´v F-Øp-I-bpw cm-Ps\ I-s≠-Øn I-√p-cm-hn-bn-se Izm¿-t´-gv-kn¬ Xm-akn-®p-h-cn-I-bpam-bn-cp-∂p. cmPs‚ ]n-Xm-hv: N-{μ≥. am-Xm-hv: -h¬-k-e. ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: D-Æn, am-b.

]-Ø-\m-]p-cw: I-√-S-bm-‰n¬ Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßn-b bphm-hv ap-ßna-cn-®p. Im-cy-d Nm-\n-bn¬ ho-´n¬ _m-eN-{μ-≥ ]n-≈-bp-sS a-I≥ hn-jv-Wp-\m-b¿(20) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-√-S-bm-‰n-se F-≈p-hn-f I-S-hn¬ C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v B-dn-\m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Iq-´p-Im-cp-sam-Øv Ip-fn-°p-∂X - n-\n-sS a-W¬-hmcn-b Ip-gn-bn-e-I-s∏-´p Im-Wm-Xm-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Iq-´p-Im-cp-sS \n-eh - n-fntI-´v Hm-Sn-sb-Øn-bh - ¿ hn-jvWp-hn-s\ I-cbvs - °-Sp-sØ-¶n-epw a-cW - s - ∏-´p. ar-XtZ-lw ]p-\e - q¿ Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]{- Xn-bn-¬ kq-£n-®ncn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. am-Xm-hv: A-ºn-fn. k-tlm-Zc - n: ho-W.

bp-hm-hn-sâbpw bp-h-Xn-bp-sS-bpw arXtZlw sd-bnÂth ]mf¯n Xncp-h√: sd-bn¬-th ]mfØn¬ bp-hm-hn-s‚-

bpw bp-h-Xn-bp-sS-bpw arX-tZlw I-s≠-Øn. Xncp-h-√-bv-°pw sN-ß-∂q-cn-\pw C-S-bn¬ I-p-‰q¿ ˛Hm-X-d sd-bn¬th tK-‰p-Iƒ-°n-S-bn¬ C-∂-se cm-{Xn 8Hm-sS-bm-Wv P-U-߃ I-≠-Xv. C-cp-h¿-°pw 25\v C-S-bn¬ {]m-bw tXm-∂n°pw. bp-h-Xn [-cn-®n-°p-∂-Xv I-dp-Ø tSm-∏pw \oe- \n-d-ap-≈ Po≥-kp-am-Wv. bp-hm-hns‚ th-jw Idp-Ø ]m≥-kpw sh-≈ j¿-´p-am-Wv. sIm-√w N-μ\-tXm-∏v bp-ss\-kv a≥-kn-en¬ F-∂ hn-em-kØn-ep-≈ ss{U-hn-Mv sse-k≥-kv \m-´p-Im¿ Is≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.

Unssh.F-kv.]n ju-¡-¯-en Im-¸ \n-b-aw: I-cp-XÂ-X-S-¦Â H-cp- hÀ-j-am-¡pw-þ a{´n sI sI cm-a-N-{µ³ am-Ì-dp-sS C-\n F³.sF.F-bn k-kv-s]-³-j-³ ]n³-h-en-¨p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: Sn ]n N-{μ-ti-Jc≥ h-[-t°-kn-se A-t\z-j-W D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ F ]n ju-°Ø-en F≥.sF.bn-te-°p am-dn. tI-c-f t]m-enkv k¿-ho-kn¬ \n-∂p tI-{μ k¿-°m-cn-s‚ Iogn-ep-≈ tZ-io-b A-t\z-j-W GP≥-kn (F≥.sF.F)-bp-sS sIm-®n bq-\n-‰n-te-°m-Wv am-dnb-Xv. {]-h¿-Ø-\-an-I-hpw k¿ho-kv sd-t°m¿-Upw ]-cn-K-Wn®m-Wv ju-°-Ø-en-sb F≥.sF.F-bn¬ F-Sp-Ø-Xv. \n-e-hn¬ ss{Iw-{_m-©v Unssh.-F-kv-.]n-bm-Wv ju-°-Øen. Sn- ]n h-[-tI-kn-se A-t\zj-W D-tZym-K-kv-Y-\m-bn-cp-∂ ju-°-Ø-en-bm-Wv kn.]n.Fw tIm-gn-t°m-Sv Pn-√m sk-{I-t´-dn-

b-‰v Aw-Kw ]n tam-l-\-s\ A-dkv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv. kn.]n.Fw ]m¿´n {Km-a-am-b I-Æq-cn-se sam-St°m-gn a-e-bn¬ a-cw-sh-´p-Im-cpsS th-j-Øn-se-Øn-bm-Wv sIm-Sn kp-\n A-S-°-ap-≈ sIme-bm-fn kw-Lmw-K-ß-sf G-‰pap-´-en-eq-sS Io-gv-s∏-Sp-Øn A-dÃv sN-bv-X-Xv. tI-c-f-Øn-se G‰-hpw h-en-b _m-¶v I-h¿-®-bmb tN-te-{º _m-¶v I-h¿-®t°kn-se A-t\z-j-W kw-L-Ønepw ju-°-Ø-en-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. tI-c-f tI-U-dn¬ \n-∂v Unssh.F-kv.]n-am-cm-b ]n hn{I-a≥, A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿ F-∂n-hcpw C-t∏mƒ sIm-®n F≥.sF.F bq-\n-‰n-ep-≠v.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: kw-ÿm-\Øv Kp-≠m-˛-am-^n-bm kw-Lß-sf A-a¿-® sN-øm≥ Im-∏ \n-b-aw i-‡-am-°p-∂-Xn-\m-bn I-cp-X¬ X-S-¶¬ Im-em-h-[n B-dp-am-k-Øn¬-\n-∂v H-cp-h¿j-am-bn h¿-[n-∏n-®v \n-b-aw t`Z-K-Xn sN-øp-sa-∂v B-`y-¥-c-a{¥n c-ta-iv sN-∂n-Ø-e. {I-ak-am-[m-\-hp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v Z-£n-W-ta-J-e-bn-se D-∂-X t]m-en-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS tbm-K-Øn-\p-ti-jw am-[y-a-{]h¿-Ø-I-tcm-Sv kw-km--cn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. \n-b-a-t`-Z-K-Xn-°p-≈ I-c-Sv _n-√v A-Sp-Ø \n-b-a-k-`m-ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ A-h-X-cn-∏n°pw. Kp-≠m, tª-Uv, a-W¬, Iz-t´-j≥ am-^n-bm kw-L-ßsf I¿-i-\-am-bn t\-cn-Spw. CXp-kw-_-‘n-®v Un.Pn.]n ]-cn-

tim-[n-®v am-kw-tXm-dpw k¿°m-cn-\v d-n-t]m¿-´v sN-øpw. am^n-b-I-fp-am-bn _-‘-ap-≈ t]m-en-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-sc h-®ps]m-dp-∏n-°n-√. C‚-en-P≥kpw kv-s]-jy¬ {_m-©pw CØ-cw t]m-en-kp-Im-sc-°p-dn-®v A-t\z-jn-°p-∂p-≠v. C-h-cp-sS dn-t]m¿-´v e-`n-®m¬ D-S≥ \-S-]Sn kzo-I-cn-°pw. ]n-Sn-In-´m-∏p≈n-I-fp-sS en-Ãv ti-J-cn-®v Ch-sc ]n-Sn-Iq-Sm≥ A-Sn-b-¥-c-\S-]-Sn- kzo-I-cn-°pw. kv-{Xo-Iƒ°pw Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw t\-sc-bp≈ A-Xn-{I-a-ß-fn¬ i-‡-amb \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ ssI-s°m-≈pw. hn-Zym-`ym-k ÿm-]-\-߃ tI-{μo-I-cn-®p-≈ el-cn-hn¬∏-\-im-e-Iƒ I-s≠-Øn I¿-i\-am-bn \n-b-{¥n-°pw. {]-[m-\ \-K-c-ß-fn-se Im-a-d-I-fn-eq-sS cm-{Xn Im-e-ß-fn-epw \n-co-£-

Ww i-‡-am-°pw. Pn-√-I-fn-se s]-‰n-t°-kpIƒ Xo¿-∏m-°m≥ Pn-√m t]men-kv ta-[m-hn-bp-sS t\-Xr-XzØn¬ A-Zm-e-Øp-Iƒ \-SØpw. h¿-Ko-b-kw-L¿-j-߃ \n-b-{¥n-°p-∂-Xn-\pw A-Øcw {i-a-߃ ap≥-Iq-´n I-≠v {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m-\pw \-S-]-Sn Xp-Sßn-. h¿-Ko-b-kw-L-´-\-߃ \S-°p-∂ ta-J-e-I-fn¬ P-\߃-°v B-fl-hn-izm-k-tØmsS Po-hn-°m-\p-≈ km-l-N-cysam-cp-°pw. Pn-√m t]m-en-kv ta[m-hn-I-tfm-Sv {]-Xn-am-k tbmK-߃ Im-cy-£-a-am-°m≥ \n¿-tZ-in-®n-´p-≠v. Un-ssh.-F-kv.-]n-am¿ Dƒs∏-sS-bp-≈ D-tZym-K-ÿ¿ t]m-en-kv tÃ-j-\p-Iƒ k-μ¿in-°p-∂-Xv Im-cy-£-a-am-°psa-∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d-™p.

tkm-jy¬ ao-Un-b-I-fp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v D-b¿-∂p-h-cp-∂ ]cm-Xn-Iƒ D-S-≥ ]-cn-l-cn-°m≥ ssk-_¿ sk-√n-s‚ {]-h¿-Ø\w Im-cy-£-a-am-°pw. C-Xn-\mbn A-Sp-Ø-Zn-h-kw ssk-_¿sk-√n-s‚ tbm-Kw tN-cpw. tIc-f-Øn¬ Ip-‰-Ir-Xy-ß-fp-sS F-Æw Iq-Sp-∂-Xv P-\-߃ t]m-en-kv tÃ-j-\n-se-Øn ]cm-Xn- \¬-Im≥ X-øm-dm-hp-∂Xn-\m-em-Wv. A-Sp-Ø-Zn-h-kw X-s∂ a-e_m¿ ta-J-e-bn-se D-∂-X DtZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS tbm-Kw tN-cpsa-∂pw B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n A-dnbn-®p. Z-£n-W-ta-J-e-bv-°v Iogn-ep-≈ Hm-tcm Pn-√-bn-se-bpw s]m-Xp-hm-b {I-a-k-am-[m-\ -\ne, Ip-‰-Ir-Xy-ß-fp-sS tXm-Xv Xp-S-ßn-b -hn-j-b-ß-fm-Wv tbm-K-Øn¬ N¿-®-sN-bv-X-Xv.

Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw: ap≥-a{- ¥n sI sI cm-aN - {- μ≥ am-ÿ-s°-Xn-cmb k-kv-s]≥-j≥ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ tIm¨-{K-kv]n≥-h-en-®p. F.sF.kn.kn. {]-kn-U‚n-s‚ \n¿-tZ-i-a-\p-k-cn-®v k-kv-s]≥j≥ ]n≥-h-en-®p-sIm-≠p-≈ P\-d¬ sk-{I-´d - n ap-Ipƒ hm-kv\ - nIv Fw.]n.bp-sS \n¿-tZ-iw sI.]n.kn.kn. {]-kn-U‚n-\v e`n-®X - m-bn P-\d - ¬ sk-{I-´d - n Xºm-\q¿ c-hn A-dn-bn-®p. Xn-cs - ™-Sp-∏v- k-ab - Ø - v- ]m¿´nhn-cp-≤ {- ]-h¿-Ø\ - w \-SØ - n-bXn-\pw ]m¿-´n-bp-sS {]-Xn-—m-b°v- a-ßt- e¬-°p-∂ hn-[Ø - n¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®X - n-\p-am-bncp∂p- cma-N-{μ≥ am-kv-‰-sd ]m¿-´n-bp-sS {]m-Ya - n-Imw-KX - z-Øn¬-\n-∂v- k-

kvs - ]‚ v- sN-bvX - X - v.- Xn-cs - ™-Sp∏v- {]-Nm-c-Wth-f-bn¬ sI.-]n.kn-.kn {]-kn-U‚ v- c-ta-iv- sN∂n-Ø-e-bv-°pw A∂sØ {]Xn-]-£ t\-Xm-hv- D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n°p-sa-Xn-tc cm-a-N-{μ≥ amÿ B-tcm-]W - ß - f - p-∂b - n-®n-cp-∂p. ]m¿-´n-bp-sS tI-cf - L - S- I - w \¬In-b dn-t]m¿-´n-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-em-Wv- F.-sF.-kn-.kn-bp-sS A-®-S-°-k-an-Xn \-S-]-Sn-sb-SpØ-Xv-. sN-∂n-Ø-e-bpw D-Ω≥Nm-≠n-bpw A-`n-{]m-b-kzm-X{¥yw A-Sn-®-a¿-Øp-I-bm-sW∂pw X-\n-s°-Xn-tc A-®S- ° - \ - S- ]-Sn-sb-Sp-Øm¬ sI.]n.kn.kn. Hm-^n-kn¬ k-Xy-{K-lw In-S° - psa-∂p-w A-t±-l-w {]-Jym-]-n®ncp∂p.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

29 P-\p-h-cn 2014 _p[≥

bp-hm-hv s{S-bn-\n\v ap-¶n Nm-Sn a-cn-¨p; bph-Xnb-pw Ip-ªpw c-£-s¸-«p Im-™-ßm-Sv: s{S-bn-\n-\v

B-bn-i l-Öp-½

P-ao-e

lw-k

\m-Wn

{_n-Po-äv

th-em-bp-[-s\-gp-¯-ѳ

_o-^m-¯n-a

{io-[-c³ ssh-ZyÀ

Im-™-ßm-Sv: Pn-√m eoKv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v A-Pm-\q¿ I-S-∏p-d-sØ F l-ao-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS am-Xm-hv B-bn-i l-÷pΩ (80). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b ]m-em-bn-bn¬ _m-hm ta-kv-{Xn. a-‰v a-°ƒ: F A-ko-kv, F \q-dp-±o≥, a-dn-bw, P-ao-e, a-cp-a°ƒ: sI ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip™n (Ip-ssh-Øv), ]-tcX-\m-b A-_v-Zp¿-dlvam≥.-

sN¿-∏p-f-t»-cn: B-\-μ]-Sn F-f-Ip-dp-»n-sXm-Sn ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zns‚ `m-cy P-ao-e (62). a°ƒ: k-bv-d-_m-\p, Xmln¿ (t]m-en-kv, ]-´mºn), ssd-lm-\-Øv, dlvaØv, ^m-Øn-a kplv-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-jo-Zv, A-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n, k-eow, ^mØn-am Pm-kv-an≥.

I¬-∏‰ - : ]p-Øq¿-hb - ¬sIm-f] - d - º - n¬- lw-k(63)-.- `m-cy: ]m-Øp.- a°ƒ-:- B-en-°p-´n,- _jo¿,- d-jo-Zv,- J-Zo-P.- a-cpa-°ƒ:- dw-e,- k-^n-b,- ab-Ωq- \ - .

X-et- »-cn: am-S∏ - o-Sn-I ]tc-X\ - m-b A-Wn-tb-cn A-Nyp-Xs - ‚ `m-cy a-t∂mfn¬ \m-Wn (90). a-°ƒ: N-{μ≥, h¬-k≥, Zmk≥, `m-kvI - c - ≥, i-io{μ≥, ssi-eP - , c-Xn, ]pjv] - e - X - , k-Xo-i≥, ]-tcX-\m-b _m-e≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: Pm-\I - n, k-Pn-\n, ssl-am-hX - n, tl-ae - X - , P-b{- io, kvv-t\-le - X - , Zmap, c-ta-i≥, cm-aN - {- μ≥, ssj-\n.

\o-te-iz-cw: t]-tcm¬ h-≈n-°p-∂n-se sh-´n°¬ sk-_m-Ãy-s‚ `mcy {_n-Po-‰v F-∂ A-®mΩ (83). -a-°ƒ: t_-_n, tPm-kv, sX-øm-Ω, A-∂°p-´n, ta-gv-kn, tam-fn, ]m-{Sn-Iv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tkm-^n, sX-øm-Ω, tXm-a-kv, A-∏-®≥, Ip™p-tam≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b tXm-a-kv.

Im-ht- »-cn: I-g\ - n I-t√∏p-≈n B-en-¶¬ ho-´n¬ th-em-bp-[s - \-gp-Ø— - ≥ (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b e£va - nb-Ω. a-°ƒ: X-¶∏≥, X-Ø, am-[h - n, cmP≥. a-cp-a° - ƒ: {]-`m-Ic≥, N-{μ≥, kp-tem-N\ - , t_-_n.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Sp-ºp¥-e \m-∏-bn¬ tdmUn¬ Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ I-S-h-Øv Sn _o-^mØn-a (78). a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v-, Akv-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p√ (hym-]m-cn ]-ø∂q¿), ^-co-Z. k-tlmZ-c-߃: A-l-a-Zv lmPn, ]-tc-X-bm-b ssk\-_.

X-e-t»-cn: sN-tº-cn-bnse \n-jm ^m¿-a-kn D-Sa H {io-[-c≥ ssh-Zy¿ (76). `m-cy: Sn sI km-hn{Xn. a-°ƒ: \n-j (_mw•q¿), jo-\ (Pn.hn.F®v.F-kv.F-kv I-Æq¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b-{]-Im-iv (_mw-•q¿), {]-Zo-]≥ (ap≥-kn-^v tIm-S-Xn, IqØp-]-d-ºv). k-tlm-Z-c߃: k-tcm-Pn-\n, cm-aN-{μ≥, cm-[, _m-e-Irjv-W≥, cm-Pp.

A-Ðp Jm-ZÀ au-e-hn

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: Im-b-temSv {ip-Xn \n-hm-kn¬ kn Fw {io-[-c≥ (58). `mcy: Im¿-Xym-b-\n. a°ƒ: {ip-Xn, {io-Xn.

A-e-\-√q¿: D-Æym-en¬ N-°w-sXm-Sn lw-k (60). `m-cy: ssk-\-_. a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv _-jo¿ (Pn-±), A≥-h¿, \-ko-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kn-±o-Jv (Pn±), dp-_o-\, km-_n-d.

]-ø∂ - q¿: A-d_ - n- `m-jm ]-fin-X\ - pw A-[ym-]I - \p-am-b I-cn-sh-≈q¿ ]me-°p-∂v ]m-Syw F.bp.]n kvI - q-fn-\v k-ao-]s - ØF kn A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿ au-eh n(73). sN-dp-hØ - q¿, N-t¥-c, ]S-∂ F-∂n-hn-Sß - f - n-se A-d_ - n-Iv tIm-fP - p-If - n¬ {]n≥-kn-∏e - m-bn tk-h\ - a-\p-jvTn®n-´p-≠v. h-Ss - ° a-e_ - m-dn¬ A-^vk - ep¬ D-ea - tIm-fP - p-Iƒ ÿm]n-°p-∂X - n¬ ]-¶ph-ln®p. `m-cy: \-ßm-cØ - v km-dpΩ l-÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: kpl-d, A-–p¬ k-emw. acp-a° - ƒ: d-lo-\, ssk\p-±o≥ (A-_q-Z_ - n). ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: B-bn-i, ]tc-Xc - m-b _o-^m-Øp-Ω, Ip-™m-an-\, k-^n-b.

cm-P-½mÄ

kp-µ-c³ Kp-cp-¡Ä

_m-_p

cm-a-Ir-jv-W³

C-kv-am-CuÂIp-«n

k-c-kz-Xn

D-kv-am³

ssa-¡nÄ

sIm-√-t¶m-Sv: ta-´p-∏m-fb-Øn¬ ]-c-a-in-h-s‚ `m-cy cm-P-Ωmƒ (55). a°ƒ: cm-[, \m-cm-b-Wkzm-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-hn, e-X \m-cm-b-W-kzm-an.

sIm-√-t¶m-Sv: sX-t° hm-Wn-b-Ø-d kp-μ-c≥ Kp-cp-°ƒ (65). `m-cy: aRv-Pp-f. a-°ƒ: c-Xn, cXo-jv. a-cp-a-I≥: a-Wn-IWvT≥. t]-c-a-I≥: {]ho¨.

C-cn-´n: Su-Wn-se Sm-Ivkn Po-∏v ss{U-h¿ s]cp-º-d-ºn-se F≥ _m_p (30). ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b s\-√n-°-≠n _m-e≥. am-Xm-hv: im-cZ. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: _nμp, k-Po-h≥, _n-\p.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: tN-enb h-b-em-°p-\n sI ]n cm-a-Ir-jv-W≥ (52). `m-cy: do-\. a-°ƒ: Bjv-\, A-\n-j. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™n-cma≥. am-Xm-hv: Nn-cp-X-°p-´n. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: _m-eIr-jv-W≥, in-h-Zmk≥, tZ-h-Zm-k≥, Z-ab-¥n Kw-Km-[-c≥, kp[m kp-[m-I-c≥, tZ-hn N-{μ≥, P-b-{io k-Zm\-\-μ≥.

sIm-f-Ø-d: a-{Z-k-ßmSn ssh-iyw-]p-d-Øv Ckv-a-m-Cu¬-Ip-´n (84). ]g-b-Im-e IΩyq-Wn-Ãv ]m¿-´n {]-h¿-Ø-I-\pw Ão¬ h¿-t°-gv-kv bq-\nb≥ (kn-.sF.-Sn-.bp) {]h¿-Ø-I-\p-am-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b ssk\-_. a-Iƒ: ^m-Øn-a-. acp-a-I≥: l-k≥-tIm-b.

ap-≠n-°¬-Øm-gw: ]-´mf-ap-°v ]-tc-X-\m-b a-∂Øv-I-≠n am-[-h-s‚(dn-´. F-b¿-t^m-gv-kv) `m-cy Xm-g-Øm-Sv k-c-kz-Xn (65). a-°ƒ: do-\, do-P, do-Ø, {io-Ip-am¿ (Ipssh-Øv), A-Rv-P-en. acp-a-°ƒ: _m-_p, B-\μv, hn-{I-a≥ (Zp-ss_), \n-j (Ip-ssh-Øv), \μ≥.

B-\-°mw-s]m-bn¬: B-\-°mw-s]m-bn¬ (Icn-ºv) th-ew-Ip-t∂¬ hn Sn ssa-°nƒ (Ip-´n-b®≥˛63). `m-cy: ta-gv-kn. a-°ƒ: a-Rv-Pp, a-t\m-Pv (a-e-_m¿-tKmƒ-Uv, ssl-Z-cm-_m-Zv), hn-t\mZv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _n-Pp, en‰n.

_n-¿m-¯p l-Öp-½

tKm-]m-e³

D-cp-h-®m¬: I-√m-®n-bnse ]-tc-X-\m-b ]m-®m°q¬ kq-∏n-bp-sS `m-cy _o-øm-Øp l-÷p-Ω (88). a-°ƒ: Ip-™m-en (tUm-Iyp-sa‚ v ssd-‰-¿, \m-Zm-]p-cw), A-_p -lmPn (Fw.C.Sn {S-Ãv, \mZm-]p-cw), ap-l-Ω-Z-en, Pam¬ (C-cp-h-cpw _-lv-dbv≥), a-dn-bw, B-bn-i, dp-Jn-b, kp-ss_-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-kv-am≥ (F.Sn tÃm¿, s]-c-f-t»cn), _-jo¿, Ip-™n-∏mØp, apw-Xm-kv, dw-e, hlo-Z, ]-tc-X-cm-b A-–p√, a-Ωp.

I-b-dm-Sn: ]-©mw-tIm-Sv tKm-]m-e≥ (88). `m-cy: h-≈n-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: Ip´m-bn, Ip-am-cn, k-Xy-`ma, cm-Pp, km-hn-{Xn. a-cpa-°ƒ: ap-cp-I≥, hn-Pb≥, ]-¶-Pm-£≥.

am-hq¿: I-t®-cn-]-dºn¬ sI ]n D-kv-am≥ (90). G-d-°m-ew am-hq¿ {Km-knw I-º-\n-bn¬ t^m¿-am-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: dkn-b, A-øq-_v, ]-tc-X\m-b k-eow, ssk-dm_m-\p, k-°o-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, km-Pn-Z, \-Zo-d, lp-kbv≥, A-–p-¬ Ako-kv.

I-eym-Wn-b-½ sN-dp-]p-g: ap-\-bp-Ip-∂nse ]-tc-X-\m-b ssI-\n cm-a-s‚ `m-cy I-eym-Wnb-Ω (82). a-°ƒ: {]-`mh-Xn, ]q-a-Wn,- {io-e-X.a-cp-a-°ƒ-: cm-L-h≥,_m-e≥, Nm-Øp.

{io-[-c³

aq-k Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: tIm-´sØ \q¿-P-lm≥ a≥kn-en¬ hn sI aq-k (75). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: \q¿P-lm≥, \-ko¿, A-kokv, d-jo-Z, j-lo¿. a-cpa-°ƒ: a-Po-Zv, k-eow, P^v-kn-\, j¿-an-\, jl¿-_m-\p.

]-t¸m-Pn dm-hp _-¥-Sp-°: Ip-≠w-Ip-gn K-t±-aq-e-bn-se ]-t∏m-Pn dm-hp (68). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b tKm]n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: B-i, tim-`, a-a-X, {]-im-¥v (Kƒ-^v). a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-tK-jv dmhp aw-K-em-]p-cw, in-h{]-km-Zv, c-ho-{μ-`-´v. -

]mÀ-h-Xn C-cn-°q¿: Im-hp-ºm-bn k-a-c tk-\m-\n-bm-bn-cp∂ ªm-Øq-cn-se ]-tc-X\m-b tKm-]m-e-s‚ `m-cy I-tÆm-Øv ]m¿-h-Xn (85). a-°ƒ: b-tim-Z, _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, Zm£m-b-\n.

lw-k

\-c-knw-l ss] ]-ø-∂q¿: ss_-]m-kv tdm-Un-se e-£v-an \nhm-kn¬ hn \-c-knw-lss] (84). `m-cy: t{]-a-eX-ss]. a-°ƒ: Zo-]-Ivss], Zn-eo-]v ss] (apwss_).

sN-Ã

Ip-ª-¼p

tZ-hp

]-ø-∂q¿: F-Sm-´v CuÃn-se s]m-øn¬ Ip™-ºp (78). `m-cy: Iqtem-Øv h-f-∏n¬ am-[hn. a-°ƒ: {]-k-∂, {]-ao-f, _m-e-Ir-j-A-W≥, {]oX. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-Ip-μ≥, {io-[-c≥, tkm-\, k-ltZ-h≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip™n-∏m-dp, ]-tc-X-bm-b I-eym-Wn.

h-S-°-t©-cn: F-cn-abq¿ h-S-°pw-]p-dw ]pØ≥-]p-c ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-c-s‚ `m-cy tZ-hp (94). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v Xn-cp-hnezm-a-e sF-h¿-aTØn¬. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-Xcm-b cm-L-h≥, {io-\nhm-k≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kpPm-X (dn-´. I-Ãw-kv Fkv.sF).

sIm-√-t¶m-Sv: B-\-am-dn s\-Sp-h-©n-d-bn¬ sN-√ (48). `m-cy: kp-sse-J. a°ƒ: ^-Po-\, A–p¿dlvam≥, dn-bm-kv. a-cp-a-I≥: k-emw.

A-ÐpÂ- Jm-ZÀ

D-Zp-a: ]m-e-°p-∂v IÆw-Ip-fw lu-kn¬ sI A-Ðp-à A-–p¬ -Jm-Z¿ (85). `mIp-ºf - : sIm-Sn-bΩ - tNcy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: A∏n-\S- p-°b - n-se I¿-jI≥ _n¬-tdm-Un-bn-se –p-√ (Zp-_-bv), C-kv-amsI _n A-–p-√ (98). `m- Cu¬ (jm¿-P), Acy: B-kyp-Ω. a-°ƒ: ap- –p¬ A-ko-kv (Jl-ΩZ- v, A-¥p-™n au-e- Ø¿), jm-\-hm-kv hn, C-{_m-low, bq-kp-^v, (jm¿-P), A-–p¿-dlvam≥ (Zp-_-bv), AA-_q-_° - ¿, D-Ωe - o-a, –p¬ ap-°o-Øv (jm¿J-Zo-P, k-^o-\. a-cp-aP), \-Pv-ap-∂n-k, ap-lv°ƒ: lw-k, e-Øo-^v, A-–p¿d-lvam≥, J-Zo-P, ko-\. a-dn-bp-Ω, a-dn-bp-Ω, B-bn- a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-kvX-^, k-hm-Zv, _¬-°o-kv, ji, \-kn-b. k-tlm-Zc - ߃: A-∫m-kv, d-lo-a, a- l-\, \-lv-Pn-\, km-Pn-Z, dn-jm-\. dn-bp-Ω, ssk-\_ - .

B-an-\ B-e-Øq¿: In-g-°t©-cn ]m-≠mw-tXm-Sv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-\-¶-csXm-Sn A-l-Ω-ZvIp-´nbp-sS `m-cy B-an-\ (102). a-°ƒ: ]-\-¶-c ssl-Zc-en ap-kv-eym¿, J-Zo-P, ]m-Øv-ap-Øv kp-l-d, dl-a-Øv. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv C-kv-am-Cu¬, l-k≥-Ip-´n, P-ao-e, ]tc-X-\m-b kp-sseam≥.

Pm-\-In ]-ø∂ - q¿: cm-a¥ - f - n I°w-]m-db - n-se hm-Ss - °]p-cb - n¬ A-ºp-hn-s‚ `mcy Nq-c° - m-Sv Pm-\I - n (62). a-°ƒ: t{]-ae - X - , tkm-Zc≥ (Kƒ-^v), km-hn-{Xn, cm-P≥, A-Pn-X. a-cp-a° - ƒ: N-{μ≥, {]-Imi≥, kp-tc-jv, _o-\, PnPn-\.

]mÀ-h-Xn-b-½

]-ø-∂q¿: sIm-°m-\nt»-cn-bn-se sI F-kv ]m¿-h-Xn-b-Ω (91). `¿Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b tI-tfm-Øv hm-®m-°-c B-\n-Sn¬ I-Ωm-c s]mXp-hmƒ. a-°ƒ: ]-fl-\m-`≥, IP-\mÀ-±-\³ a-em-£n, ao-\m-£n. a]-ø∂ - q¿: Ip-∂c - p-hn-se cp-a-°ƒ: h-\-Pm-£n, ap≥-Im-e {]-hm-kn-bpw ]-tc-X-\m-b _m-e-Irhym-]m-cn hy-hk - m-bn-bp- jv-W s]m-Xp-hmƒ. kam-b ]n hn P-\m¿-±\ - ≥ tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X(54). ]-tc-Xc - m-b Ip-™n- cm-b tIm-a-c s]m-Xpcm-as - ‚-bpw \m-cm-bW - nhmƒ, Ir-jv-W s]m-Xpbp-sS-bpw a-I\ - m-Wv. `mhmƒ, \m-cm-b-Wn-b-Ω, cy: kp-\n-e. a-°ƒ: Zr-iy. Nn-cn-b-Ω.

s]m-¶p I-b-dm-Sn: I-√w-]-dºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Nm-anbp-sS `m-cy s]m-∂p (98). a-°ƒ: e-£v-an, am[-hn, a-Wn, s]m-∂-w-°p´n, I-a-ew, k-tcm-Pn-\n, a-cp-a-°ƒ: am-e-Xn, eoe, kp-{_-lva-Wy≥, hnP-b≥, \m-cm-b-W≥.

C-{_m-low lm-Pn ap-°w: B-Zy-Im-e apkvenw- eo-Kv {]-h¿-ØI≥ Im-™n-c-ap-gn ]-dt»-cn ]-d-ºn¬ C-{_mlow lm-Pn (78). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-_q_-°¿, A-–p-√, A-–p -emw (C-cp-h-cpw JØ¿), a-dn-b, J-Zo-P, B-an-\, ssk-\-_, dpJn-ø, ssa-aq-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p¿-d-lv-am≥, A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, ap-l-Ω-Zen, kp-ss_-Z, dp-Jn-ø, l-ko-\, lm-Pn-d.

am-[-hn Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: B-dmw ssa-en-se Ip-\n-bn¬ ho-´n¬ ap-t√m-fn am-[-hn (85). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jv-W≥. a°ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, kp-tcjv _m-_p. a-cp-a-Iƒ: A-\n-X.

jn-_p Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: Ip-∂n-cn°-bn-se Ip-≠-Øn¬ ho-´n¬ jn-_p (42). `mcy: Zo-]. a-°ƒ: t{i-bkv, Pn-jv-Wp.

ap-l-½-Zv sN¿-∏p-f-t»-cn: t\m¿Øv tam-fq¿ A-c-ßØvIp-≠v A-c-ß-Øv tIm-Sn-bn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv F∂ a-Wn (58). `m-cy: Bbn-i. a-Iƒ: ^m-Øn-aØv kp-lv-d. a-cp-a-I≥: kn-±oJv. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse F´n\v A-c-ß-Øv Ip-≠v Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿ÿm-\n¬.

\m-cm-b-W³tI-Wn-®n-d: C-cp-Øntem-´v- Ip-∂v- ]p-Ø≥-]pc-bn-¬- ]n- kn- \m-cm-bW≥- (62). `m-cy:- sd-Pn-. a-°ƒ: i-c-W,- i-c-Xv-.

am-[-hn

]mÀ-h-X-n-A-½

tXm-a-kv

lpkbv³

ap-l-½-Zv

A-½n-Wn

e-£v-an

A-½-Xv

^-tdm-°v: ]p-s‰-°m-Sv I-ew-sIm-≈n ]-S-∂ ]tc-X-\m-b s]-t≈m-S≥ Nn-∂-s‚ `m-cy am-[-hn (80). a-°ƒ: in-h-Zmk≥, {]-`m-I-c≥, Ir-jvW-Zm-k≥, t_-_n. a-cpa-°ƒ: b-ap-\, Aw-_nI, A-Pn-X, sh-¶n-tS-jv \m-b-Iv (ap-°w B¿.C.kn).

sN-e-hq¿: ap-≠n°¬Xm-gw ]-´m-f-ap-°v ]-tc-X-\m-b A-∏p-°p-´n\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy \m-b-SØv ]m¿h-Xn A-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: \m-b-S-Øv cm-Lh≥, kp-a-Xn, k-Zm-\μ≥ \m-b¿, kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿, a-Wn-I-WvT≥ \mb¿, kp-P-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b In-g-t°-SØv cm-P-tKm-]m-e≥ \mb¿, l-cn-Zm-k≥-\m-b¿, a-√n-I, D-j, hn-P-b, t__n. k-©-b-\w hymgmgvN.

hm-en-√m-∏p-g: a-e-{]-h\m¬ tXm-a-kv (Ip-t™´≥˛85). `m-cy: t{X-kymΩ. a-°ƒ: Ip-cy≥ tXm-akv (Pn-Ωn, A-[ym-]-I≥ kn.F-®v.Fw.sI.Fw.F.F-®v.F-kv C-cnth-‰n), tPm-Wn, ^m. PntPm- tXm-a-kv. a-cp-a°ƒ: sIm-®p-dm-Wn (A[ym-]n-I), B-i. k-tlmZ-c-߃: ]-tc-X-\m-b CΩm-\p-h¬, kn-ÿ sl‚ v dn kq-tkm F^v.kn.kn.

]-∂q¿: I-Æm-d-]p-Xn-tbS-Øv tIm-´p-h-‰ lpkbv≥ (80). `m-cy: ]mØp-tΩ-bn. a-°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv, A-_q-_-°¿ kn-±-oJv, ]m-Øq-´n, a-dn-b, k°o-\, J-Zo-P-°p-´n. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿ a-®°p-fw, ss^-k¬ ]m-eØv, k-eow, dp-Jn-ø, ko\-Øv.

sN-dp-hm-Sn: sN-dp-hm-Sn I-´-bm-´v ap-l-Ω-Zv t_∏q¿ (76). `m-cy: kp-sseJ-m _o-hn (]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ t_-∏q¿). a-°ƒ: lw-k-t°m-b, d-^o-Jv (J-Ø¿), A-\o-kv kJm-^n (ap-Z-cn-kv sF.Fw.sF.kn, Ip-‰n°m-´q¿), \n-bm-kv, \ujm-Zv, kp-lv-A-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lv-am≥, km-Pn-Z, ^u-kn-b, kmPn-Z (Xm-g-Øv ho-´n¬), k-Pv-\, ^u-kn-b (]-∂nt°m-Sv). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: B-en, A-_q-_-°¿, C®m-Øp-´n, B-an-\, C-Øncn-Ω, C-Øn-°p-´n.

F-tf-‰n¬: ]o-‰-°-≠n A-Ωn-Wn (60). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a≥. aIƒ: c-a-Wn. a-cp-a-I≥: Kn-co-jv.

^m-dq-Jv- tIm-f-Pv: ]-cpØn-∏m-d In-g-s°-ssh-emt»-cn e-£v-an (84). `¿Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Nn-∂∏p-Ip-dp-∏v. a-°ƒ: tZ-h-Zmk≥ (\n¿-am-WsØm-gnem-fn bq-\n-b≥ kn-.sF.Sn-.bp ]-cp-Øn-∏m-d bq-\n‰v), I-a-em-£n.

I-Sn-bß - m-Sv: c-t≠ B-dnse ]p-Xn-tbm-´n¬ A-ΩXv (74). `m-cy: a-dn-bw. a°ƒ: Ip-™m-an, ^m-Xzna, aq- _-lvd - bv≥, \-_ok.

D-½p-IpÂ-kp \m-Zm-]p-cw: Nm-e-∏p-dsØ I-\-h-Øv Xm-sgIp-\n dm-jn-Zn-s‚ a-Iƒ D-Ωp-Ip-¬-kp (7). amXm-hv: dw-jo-\. k-tlmZ-c≥: dn-lm≥ dm-jn-Zv.

a-½n ap-kveymÀ B-b-t©-cn: Im-°p-\n \-t≈-cn-s]m-bn¬ a-Ωn ap-kveym¿ (89), `m-cy: J-Zo-P, a-°ƒ: Fw ]n sI tN-cm-]p-cw, bq-kp^v ap-…y¿, kp-l-d, acp-a-°ƒ: \-Po-_v (apbn-t∏m-Øv), A-^v-kØv (I-√m-®n), A-–p-√ (Ip-‰ym-Sn).

Zm-tam-Z-c³ -\m-bÀ sIm-Sp-h-≈n-: tIm¬-°fn-bm-im≥- t]m¿-tßm´q¿- I-b-‰p-I-≠n-bn¬Xm-a-kn-°pw- cm-a-√q¿ ]p-\-Øn¬- Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b¿- (87)-.`m-cy: ao-\m-£n-b-Ω. a°ƒ-: A-tim-I≥,- kptc-jv,- jo-_,- jo-\.- a-cpa-°ƒ-: cm-P≥- Im-∏nbn¬- (In-\m-eq¿),- ]p-jv]mw-K-Z≥- (In-g-°p-apdn),- an-\n,- {io-P.-

B-en-t¡m-b tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: C-Sn-bm\w ho-´n¬ B-en-t°m-b (80). `m-cy: H-‰-bn¬ I-Zoi-_n (I-®p). a-°ƒ: ln^v-kp-¿d-lv-am≥, A–p¬ A-l-Zv, B-_n-Z, B-Zn-_, B-bn-i, ssdlm-\, ^m-bn-k, A-∂Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, k-°o¿, i-co-^v, iwko¿, d-jo-Zv A-en, dn-bmkv, k-eo-a, \m-jn-Z. ktlm-Z-c≥: lp-kbv≥tIm-b.

sam-bX -v o³-Ip-«n- ssh-eØ - q¿: A-co-°m-Sv X-hf - mw-Ip-∂v ap-√t- »-cnb-IØ - v sam-bX v- o≥-Ip-´n (85). `m-cy: D-Ωø - ° - p-´n. a°ƒ: Ip-™n-sam-bX v- o≥Ip-´n- lm-Pn F-∂ Ip™n-tam≥, lp-kbv≥ F-∂ Ip-™n-∏ (A¬sF≥), a-Ωn, \-^o-k, apl-ΩZ- v dm-^n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-–p-dl - n-am≥ sN-dh - ∂q¿, kp-sse-J, B-an\, kp-ss_-Z, i-co-^.

tim-`-\ tIm-´q-fn: ss]-∏v-sse≥ tdm-Uv In-W-dp-I-≠nbn¬ Sn tim-`-\ (58).

A-l-½-Zv sIm-Sp-h-≈n: hm-hm-Sv Icp-Wn-®m-en¬ sIm-f-ßc-°-≠n A-l-Ω-Zv (Ip™≥-°m˛88). `m-cyam¿: ]-tc-X-bm-b ]mØp-Ω, B-an-\ In-g-t°mØv I-t®-cn-ap-°v. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b A-–p¿-d-lvam≥, d-km-Jv (Zp-_bv), B-bn-i, kp-ss_-Z, dm_n-b, dw-e, Pm-^¿.

A-b-½-Zv lm-Pn a-S-hq¿: a-S-hq-cn-se Ip∂-Øv A-b-Ω-Zv lm-Pn (93). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a°-ƒ: B-en-°p-´n -ss^kn (kn.Fw sk‚¿, Fkv.ssh.F-kv Pn-√m ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v), A_q-_-°¿ au-e-hn (C¿jm-Zp¬ Au-em-Zv a-Zvdk, Ip-‰n-°m-´q¿), ap-lΩ-Zv (A-_-l), D-ssk≥ (F.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ \-√fw ^-tdm-°v tkm¨ Fkv.ssh.F-kv P-\.sk{I-´-dn), Im-knw Ip-∂Øv d-lvam-\n-b kv-Iqƒ sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv). acp-a-°ƒ: k-^n-b, B-bni, k-^n-b ]p-√m-fq¿, B-C-Z, \-Zo-d (Ip-μ-aw-Kew F.Fw.F¬.]n kvIqƒ). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: sh-≈m-dw ]m-d ]-tc-Xcm-b ap-l-Ω-Z-en, ]msØ-bv, J-Zo-P.

_n-¿m-¯p

\m-Zm-]p-cw: I-√m-®n ]-bt¥m-ßn-se ]-tc-X\ - m-b ]m-®m-°q¬ kq-∏n-bp-sS ku-an-\n `m-cy _n-øm-Øp (85). aI-Æm-Sn-s∏m-bn¬: ]-dºn¬-_-km¿ ]-d-°p-f-ß- °ƒ: Ip-™m-en, A-_p- Z- e - n, Pc _m-e-Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy lm-Pn, ap-lΩ am¬, a-dn-bw, dp-Jn-b, BX-t®m-d-°¬ F≥. sI. bn-ip, A-–p-√. ku-an-\n (43).

Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

I-Æq¿: tlm-´¬sXm-gn-em-fn Ip-g-™pho-Wv a-cn®p. ]m-\q¿ h-≈ym-bn-bn-se am-hn-tem-S≥ cm-Pp(65) hm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-Æq¿ ]-g-b _-kv-Ãm≥-Un-\-Sp-Ø C-¥ym lu-kv tlm-´-en-se Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-Wv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se tlm-´-en¬ Ip-g-™p-hoW Ct±-lsØ D-S≥ Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. Iem-Im-c-\mb Ct±lw \n-c-h-[n \m-S-I-ß-fn¬ F-kv.sF-bp-sS-bpw a-‰pw th-j-a-Wn-™n-´p≠v. D-Ø-cm-b-\w kn-\n-a-bn-epw A-`n-\-bn-®n-´p-≠v. 20 h¿-j-am-bn I-Æq-cn¬ tPm-ensN-bv-Xph-cn-I-bm-bncp∂p. `m-cy: b-tim-Z.

ap-∂n¬ Nm-Sn bp-hm-hv Poh-s\m-Sp-°n. Iq-sS-bp-≠mbn-cp-∂ bp-h-Xn-sb-bpw ssI-°p-™n-s\-bpw \m´p-Im¿ c-£-s∏-Sp-Øn. Ign-™ Zn-h-kw Im-™ßm-Sv ku-Øv sd-bn¬-th {Sm-°n-em-Wv kw-`-hw. Im-™-ßm-Sv ku-Ønse cm-P-\mWv (28) a-cn-®-Xv. {io-e-¶≥ kz-tZ-in-\n hn-Pn, hnPn-bpsS \m-epam-kw {]m-b-am-b a-Iƒ F∂n-h-sc-bpw Iq-´n B-fl-l-Xy- sNøm-s\-Øn-b-Xmbn-cp-∂p cmP≥. F∂m¬ hnPn-sbbpw Ip™ns\bpw \m´p-Im¿ c£s∏SpØn. Kƒ-^n-¬ tPmen sNbvXn-cp∂ cm-P≥ A-hn-sS h®mWv hn-Pn-bp-am-bn A-Sp-∏-Øn-em-b-Xv. \m-ep-amkw ap-ºv hn-Pn-sb A-dn-bn-°m-sX cm-P≥ \m-´n-te°p Xncn®p. XpS¿∂v \m-ep-am-kw {]m-b-am-b a-I-sfbp-sa-Sp-Øv hn-Pn Im-™-ßm-´v F-Øp-I-bpw cm-Ps\ I-s≠-Øn I-√p-cm-hn-bn-se Izm¿-t´-gv-kn¬ Xm-akn-®p-h-cn-I-bpam-bn-cp-∂p. cmPs‚ ]n-Xm-hv: N-{μ≥. am-Xm-hv: -h¬-k-e. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: D-Æn, am-b.

hm-l-\-an-Sn-¨v- ]cn-t¡ä bp-hm-hv- a-cn-¨p

sh-≈-ap-≠: hm-l-\-an-Sn®v- ]-cn-t°-‰v NnIn¬k-bnem-bn-cp∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn®p.- A-©p-Ip-∂v Ip-≠m-e]m-ep-t»-cn- ]-tc-X-\m-bIp-™-dm-ap-hn-s‚ a-I-≥ sa-l-dq-^v- (25)- B-Wv- a-cn®-Xv.- C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s®\m-en-\m-Wv- A-]-I-Sw.sIm-t≠m-´n- t]m-en-kvkv-t‰-j-\p- ko-]-Øm--bn-cp∂p A]-ISw.- ]-®-°-dnbp-am-bn- F-b¿-t]m¿-´n-te-°v- t]m-b- hm-l-\-Øn¬\n-∂v- C-d-ßn- tdm-Uv- ap-d-n-®p-I-S-°p-tºmƒ- hm-l-\an-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- Kp-cp-X-c]-cn-°pI-tfmsS tIm-gn-t°m-Sv- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pn¬- NnIn¬k-bnem-bn-cp∂p.C-Sn-® hm-l-\w- I-s≠-Øm-≥ I-gn-™n-´n-√.- t]men-kv- tI-sk-Sp-Øv- A-t\z-j-Ww- B-cw-`n-®p.- am-Xmhv: B-an-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: d-^o-Jv, A-j-d-^v, C-kvam-Cu¬, _m-∏p, ]m-Øp-´n, a-d-n-bw, B-bn-i.

s{S-bn-\nÂ-\n-¶p ho-Wv A-Úm-X³ a-cn-¨p

X-e-t»-cn: A-⁄m-X-hr≤s\ s{S-bn-\n¬-\n-∂p hoWv a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠Øn. [¿-a-Sw sd-bn¬th tÃ-j≥ ]-cn-k-c-Øv Xn¶-fm-gv-N D-®-bv-°m-Wv A-]I-Sw. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°‰v X-e-t»-cn P-\-d¬ B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-® Cbmƒ I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw k‘y-tbm-sS-bm-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. ]q-s\-˛-F-d-Wm-Ip-fw F-Iv-k-{] n¬ \n-∂m-Wp ho-W-Xv. 65 h-b- v tXm-∂n-°pw. 157 sk‚n ao-‰¿ \ofw, H-Ø h-Æw, I-dp-∏p\n-dw, \-c-® Ip-‰n-Øm-Sn-bpw ap-Sn-bpw, C-S-XpssI-Ø-≠-bn¬ sI I-dp-º F-∂v ]-® Ip-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. h-b-dn-\v C-cp-h-i-Øm-bpw ap-dn hns‚ I-e- D-≠v. Im-hn ap-≠pw sh-≈-bn¬ Im-hn If¿ sse-t\m-Sv Iq-Sn-b- j¿-´p-am-Wv th-jw. j¿-´n-s‚ te-_-en¬ H-bm-kn-kv Xr-iq¿ F-∂v A-S-bm-f-ap-≠v. Cbmsf Xn-cn-®-dn-b-p-∂-h¿ [¿-a-Sw t]m-en-kv kvt‰-j-\p-am-bn _-‘-s∏-S-Ww.

AÚm-X³ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn a-cn-¨p X-e-t»-cn: P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-

{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-¬ Ign™n-cp∂ A-⁄m-X≥ a-cn®p. 70 h-b- v tXm-∂n-°pw. \c-® Ip-‰n-Øm-Sn-bpw X-e-ap-Snbpw sh-≈ j¿-´pw I-Spw- \o-ebn¬ ]p-≈n-I-fp-≈ ep-¶n-bpam-Wv th-jw. B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bv-s°-Øn-bt∏mƒ _m-e≥ F-∂m-Wp t]cv \¬-In-b-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn- tam-¿®-dn-bn¬. C-bm-sf Xn-cn-®-dn-bp-∂-h¿ X-e-t»-cn t]men-kv kv-t‰-j-\p-am-bn _-‘-s∏-S-Ww.

t]m-en-kv aÀ-±-\-¯n ]-cn-t¡-ä bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p F-S-∏mƒ: t]m-en-kv a¿-±-\-Øn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v NnIn¬-k-bn¬ I-gn-™n-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. kw`-h-sØ-Xp-S¿-∂v ta-J-e-bn¬ kw-L¿-jm-h-ÿ. ssl-th t]m-en-kn-s‚ hm-l-\w P-\-°q-´w B{I-an-®p. h-´w-Ip-fw Ip-‰n-∏m-e am-{º Ip-f-Øn¬ tam-l\≥(40)B-Wv C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{X-n-bn¬ a-cn-®-Xv. Rm-b-dm-gv-N cm-{Xn- Ip-‰n-∏m-e-bn-se H-cp Ip-Spw-_-{]-iv-\w ]-d™p-Xo¿-°m-s\-Øn-b tam-l-\-\-S-°-ap-≈ aq∂w-K kw-Lw ho-´p-Im-cp-am-bn kw-L¿-j-Ønse-Øn-b-tXm-sS N-ß-cw-Ip-fw t]m-en-kv C-h-sc I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øv kv-t‰-j-\n-te-°p sIm-≠pt]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tam-l-\-s\ ]n-∂o-Sv Pm-ayØn¬ hn-s´-¶n-epw t]m-en-kv a-¿-±n-s®-∂m-tcm-]n®v F-S-∏m-fn-se-bpw ]n-∂o-Sv s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-bnse-bpw kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ NnIn¬ktXSn. C-∂-se ssh-I-o-´v F-t´m-sS-bm-Wv acWw kw`-hn-®Xv. kw-`-h-sØ-Xp-S¿-∂v kn.]n.Fw. {]-h¿-ØI¿ t]m-en-kn-s\-Xn-tc cw-K-Øp-h-∂-Xv kw-L¿j-Øn-\n-S-bm-°n-. F-S-∏mƒ \-Sp-h-´-Øv kw-ÿm\-]m-X D-]-tcm-[-n-®p. A-Xp-h-gn- h-∂ ssl-th t]m-en-kv hm-l-\-hpw {]-Xn-tj-[-°m¿ A-{I-an®p. tam-l-\-s\ a¿-±n-® t]m-en-kp-Im¿-s°-Xn-tc I¿-i-\\-S-]-Sn ssI-s°m-≈-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏´v kn.]n.Fw. {]-h¿-Ø-I¿ F-S-∏m-fn¬ {]-I-S-\w \-S-Øn.

Unssh.F-kv.]n. ju-¡-¯-en Im-¸ \n-b-aw: I-cp-XÂ-¯-S-¦Â H-cp- hÀ-j-am-¡pw-þ a{´n sI sI cm-a-N-{µ³ am-Ì-dp-sS C-\n F³.sF.F-bn k-kv-s]-³-j-³ ]n³-h-en-¨p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: Sn ]n N-{μ-ti-Jc≥ h-[-t°-kn-se A-t\z-j-W D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ F ]n ju-°Ø-en F≥.sF.bn-te-°p amdn. tI-c-f t]m-enkv k¿-hokn¬ \n-∂p tI-{μ k¿-°m-cns‚ Io-gn-ep-≈ tZ-io-b A-t\zj-W G-P≥-kn (F≥.sF.F)bp-sS sIm-®n bq-\n-‰n-te-°m-Wv am-dn-b-Xv. {]-h¿-Ø-\-an-I-hpw k¿-ho-kv sd-t°m¿-Upw ]-cn-KWn-®m-Wv ju-°-Ø-en-sb F≥.sF.F-bn¬ F-Sp-Ø-Xv. \n-e-hn¬ ss{Iw-{_m-©v Un-ssh.-F-kv-.]n-bm-Wv ju-°Ø-en. Sn- ]n h-[-tI-kn-se At\z-j-W D-tZym-K-kv-Y-\m-bn-cp∂ ju-°-Ø-en-bm-Wv kn.]n.Fw tIm-gn-t°m-Sv Pn-√m

sk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰v Aw-Kw ]n taml-\-s\ A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv. kn.]n.Fw ]m¿-´n {Km-a-am-b IÆq-cn-se sam-S-t°m-gn a-e-bn¬ a-cw-sh-´p-Im-cp-sS th-j-Ønse-Øn-bm-Wv sIm-Sn kp-\n AS-°-ap-≈ sIm-e-bm-fn kw-LmwK-ß-sf G-‰p-ap-´-en-eq-sS Io-gvs∏-Sp-Øn A-d-Ãv sN-bv-X-Xv. tI-c-f-Øn-se G-‰-hpw h-en-b _m-¶v I-h¿-®-bm-b tN-te-{º _m-¶v I-h¿-®t°-kn-se At\z-j-W kw-L-Øn-epw ju°-Ø-en-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. tI-c-f tI-U-dn¬ \n-∂v Unssh.F-kv.]n-am-cm-b ]n hn{I-a≥, A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿ F-∂n-hcpw C-t∏mƒ sIm-®n F≥.sF.F bq-\n-‰n-ep-≠v.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: kw-ÿm-\Øv Kp-≠m-˛-am-^n-bm kw-Lß-sf A-a¿-® sN-øm≥ Im-∏ \n-b-aw i-‡-am-°p-∂-Xn-\mbn I-cp-X¬ X-S-¶¬ Im-em-h[n B-dp-am-k-Øn¬-\n-∂v H-cph¿-j-am-bn h¿-[n-∏n-®v \n-b-aw t`-Z-K-Xn sN-øp-sa-∂v B-`y-¥c-a-{¥n c-ta-iv sN-∂n-Ø-e. {Ia-k-am-[m-\-hp-am-bn _-‘-s∏´v Z-£n-W-ta-J-e-bn-se D-∂-X t]m-en-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS tbm-K-Øn-\p-ti-jw am-[y-a-{]h¿-Ø-I-tcm-Sv kw-km--cn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. \n-b-a-t`-Z-K-Xn-°p-≈ I-c-Sv _n-√v A-Sp-Ø \n-b-a-k-`m-ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ A-h-X-cn-∏n°pw. Kp-≠m, tª-Uv, a-W¬, Iz-t´-j≥ am-^n-bm kw-L-ßsf I¿-i-\-am-bn t\-cn-Spw. CXp-kw-_-‘n-®v Un.Pn.]n ]-cn-

tim-[n-®v am-kw-tXm-dpw k¿°m-cn-\v d-n-t]m¿-´v sN-øpw. am^n-b-I-fp-am-bn _-‘-ap-≈ t]m-en-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-sc h-®ps]m-dp-∏n-°n-√. C‚-en-P≥kpw kv-s]-jy¬ {_m-©pw CØ-cw t]m-en-kp-Im-sc-°p-dn-®v A-t\z-jn-°p-∂p-≠v. C-h-cp-sS dn-t]m¿-´v e-`n-®m¬ D-S≥ \-S-]Sn kzo-I-cn-°pw. ]n-Sn-In-´m-∏p≈n-I-fp-sS en-Ãv ti-J-cn-®v Ch-sc ]n-Sn-Iq-Sm≥ A-Sn-b-¥-c-\S-]-Sn- kzo-I-cn-°pw. kv-{Xo-Iƒ°pw Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw t\-sc-bp≈ A-Xn-{I-a-ß-fn¬ i-‡-amb \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ ssI-s°m-≈pw. hn-Zym-`ym-k ÿm-]-\-߃ tI-{μo-I-cn-®p-≈ el-cn-hn¬∏-\-im-e-Iƒ I-s≠-Øn I¿-i\-am-bn \n-b-{¥n-°pw. {]-[m-\ \-K-c-ß-fn-se Im-a-d-I-fn-eq-sS cm-{Xn Im-e-ß-fn-epw \n-co-£-

Ww i-‡-am-°pw. Pn-√-I-fn-se s]-‰n-t°-kpIƒ Xo¿-∏m-°m≥ Pn-√m t]men-kv ta-[m-hn-bp-sS t\-Xr-XzØn¬ A-Zm-e-Øp-Iƒ \-SØpw. h¿-Ko-b-kw-L¿-j-߃ \n-b-{¥n-°p-∂-Xn-\pw A-Øcw {i-a-߃ ap≥-Iq-´n I-≠v {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m-\pw \-S-]-Sn Xp-Sßn-. h¿-Ko-b-kw-L-´-\-߃ \S-°p-∂ ta-J-e-I-fn¬ P-\߃-°v B-fl-hn-izm-k-tØmsS Po-hn-°m-\p-≈ km-l-N-cysam-cp-°pw. Pn-√m t]m-en-kv ta[m-hn-I-tfm-Sv {]-Xn-am-k tbmK-߃ Im-cy-£-a-am-°m≥ \n¿-tZ-in-®n-´p-≠v. Un-ssh.-F-kv.-]n-am¿ Dƒs∏-sS-bp-≈ D-tZym-K-ÿ¿ t]m-en-kv tÃ-j-\p-Iƒ k-μ¿in-°p-∂-Xv Im-cy-£-a-am-°psa-∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d-™p.

tkm-jy¬ ao-Un-b-I-fp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v D-b¿-∂p-h-cp-∂ ]cm-Xn-Iƒ D-S-≥ ]-cn-l-cn-°m≥ ssk-_¿ sk-√n-s‚ {]-h¿-Ø\w Im-cy-£-a-am-°pw. C-Xn-\mbn A-Sp-Ø-Zn-h-kw ssk-_¿sk-√n-s‚ tbm-Kw tN-cpw. tIc-f-Øn¬ Ip-‰-Ir-Xy-ß-fp-sS F-Æw Iq-Sp-∂-Xv P-\-߃ t]m-en-kv tÃ-j-\n-se-Øn ]cm-Xn- \¬-Im≥ X-øm-dm-hp-∂Xn-\m-em-Wv. A-Sp-Ø-Zn-h-kw X-s∂ a-e_m¿ ta-J-e-bn-se D-∂-X DtZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS tbm-Kw tN-cpsa-∂pw B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n A-dnbn-®p. Z-£n-W-ta-J-e-bv-°v Iogn-ep-≈ Hm-tcm Pn-√-bn-se-bpw s]m-Xp-hm-b {I-a-k-am-[m-\ -\ne, Ip-‰-Ir-Xy-ß-fp-sS tXm-Xv Xp-S-ßn-b -hn-j-b-ß-fm-Wv tbm-K-Øn¬ N¿-®-sN-bv-X-Xv.

Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw: ap≥-a{- ¥n sI sI cm-aN - {- μ≥ am-ÿ-s°-Xn-cmb k-kv-s]≥-j≥ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ tIm¨-{K-kv]n≥-h-en-®p. F.sF.kn.kn. {]-kn-U‚n-s‚ \n¿-tZ-i-a-\p-k-cn-®v k-kv-s]≥j≥ ]n≥-h-en-®p-sIm-≠p-≈ P\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn ap-Ipƒ hm-kv\n-Iv Fw.]n.bp-sS \n¿-tZ-iw sI.]n.kn.kn. {]-kn-U‚n-\v e`n-®X - m-bn P-\d - ¬ sk-{I-´d - n Xºm-\q¿ c-hn A-dn-bn-®p. Xn-c-s™-Sp-∏v- k-a-b-Øv]m¿-´nhn-cp-≤ -{]-h¿-Ø-\w \-SØn-b-Xn-\pw ]m¿-´n-bp-sS {]-Xn—m-b-°v- a-ß-te¬-°p-∂ hn-[Øn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®-Xn-\p-ambncp∂p- cm-a-N-{μ≥ am-kv-‰-sd ]m¿-´n-bp-sS {]m-Y-an-Imw-K-Xz-

Øn¬-\n-∂v- k-kvs - ]‚ v- sN-bvX - Xv-. Xn-c-s™-Sp-∏v- {]-Nm-c-Wthf-bn¬ sI.-]n-.kn-.kn {]-knU‚ v- c-ta-iv- sN-∂n-Øe - b - v° - pw A∂sØ {]-Xn-]-£ t\-Xm-hvD-Ω≥-Nm-≠n-°p-sa-Xn-tc cm-a-N{μ≥ amÿ B-tcm-]-W-ß-fp∂-bn-®n-cp-∂p. ]m¿-´n-bp-sS tI-cf-L-S-Iw \¬-In-b dn-t]m¿-´ns‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-Wv- F.sF.-kn-.kn-bp-sS A-®-S-°-k-anXn \-S-]-Sn-sb-Sp-Ø-Xv-. sN-∂nØ-eb - pw D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n-bpw A-`n{]m-bk - zm-X{- ¥yw A-Sn-®a - ¿-ØpI-bm-sW-∂pw X-\n-s°-Xn-tc A- ® - S - ° - \ - S - ] - S n- s b- S p- Ø m¬ sI.]n.kn.kn. Hm-^n-kn¬ kXy-{K-lw In-S-°p-sa-∂p-w A-t±l-w {]-Jym-]n- ®n-cp∂p.


8

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

29 P-\p-h-cn 2014 _p[≥

I-Ã-S-bm-än Ip-fn-¡m-\n-d-§n-b bp-hm-hv ap-§na-cn-¨p lm-Pn ssk-\p B-Ðo³ au-e-hn

th-e-¸³ \m-bÀ

Ir-jv-W-½

kp-Pm-X

tam-l-\³

Im-´m-°-S: a-fi-]-Øn≥-I-S-hv H-‰-ti-J-c aw-Kew {io-Ip-am-c `-h-\n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \o-e-IWvT≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Ir-jv-W-Ω (81). a-°ƒ: {]-k-∂-Ip-am-cn, {io-Ipam-c≥ \m-b¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: th-e-∏≥ ]n-≈, B-imIp-am-cn.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: A-hWm-Ip-gn A-º-e-Øp-hn-f ho-´n¬ ]p-jv-I-c-s‚ `mcy kp-Pm-X (66). a-°ƒ: A-tim-I≥, i-Ip-¥-f. acp-a-°ƒ: ip-`-Ip-am-cn, tam-l-\≥.

In-fn-am-\q¿: ]-g-b-Ip-∂pΩ¬ s\-√n-°m-Sv a-Rv-Ppj `-h-\n¬ tam-l-\≥ (62). a-°ƒ: a-t\m-Pv-Ipam¿, a-Rv-Pp-j. a-cp-a°ƒ: D-Z-b-Ip-am¿, Zo-].

hn-P-b³ \m-bÀ

AÀ-Pp-\³

cm-a-N-{µ³

I-√-d: A-cn-hm-cn-°p-gn cRv-Pn-Xv `-h-\n¬ hn-Pb≥ \m-b¿ (52). a-°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn-Øv, c-ay. a-cp-aI≥: Kn-co-jv.-

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sN-dph-bv-°¬ sN-dp-h-´n-t°mWw A-\p-]-a-bn¬ A¿÷p-\≥ (94˛-K-h. tIm¨-{Sm-Œ¿). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b `-hm-\n. a-°ƒ: {iotZ-hn tam-l≥, {io-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-Imcyw tam-l-\≥ (kn.-Un.F-.-kn), i-in-I-e.

Ip-´n-°¬: 37˛m-ssa¬ I-t√m-en-°¬ sI B¿ cm-a-N-{μ≥ (74). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v c≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. ktlm-Z-c-߃: _m-e≥, i-in, tkm-a≥, Ir-jv-WΩ, k-c-k-Ω.

C-kv-am-bnÂ

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: Ip-∂n-cn°-bn-se Ip-≠-Øn¬ ho-´n¬ jn-_p (42).

I-f-a-t»-cn: I-cn-∏m-bn tdm-Uv hn-Lv-t\-iv hn-lmcn sXm-gq¿ ho-´n¬ i-¶c≥ Ip-´n(81). `m-cy: F-kv cm-tP-iz-cn. aIƒ: tUm.-X-\p-P. a-cp-aI≥: tUm.-cm-a-N{μ≥(sIm-®n≥ bq-\n-thgv-kn-‰n C≥-U-kv-{Sn-b¬ ^n-j-do-kv hn-`m-Kw U-bd-Œ¿).

]-ø∂ - q¿: cm-a¥ - f - n I°w-]m-db - n-se hm-Ss - °]p-cb - n¬ Pm-\I - n (62).

sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv: Cc-∏p-Ip-gn e-£w ho-´n¬ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ (71). `mcy: k-tcm-Pn-\n.-

_m-e-cm-a-]p-cw: Du-cp-´º-ew h-en-b-d-Ø-e hnjv-Wp `-h-\n¬ th-e∏≥ \m-b¿ (84). `m-cy: P-K-Z-Ω. a-°ƒ: in-h≥Ip-´n, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, Ip-amkp-tI-in-\n cn, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-\n¬sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv: DIp-am¿, Ko-X. a-cp-a≈q¿ kp-{]n-b-bn¬ k-Zm- °ƒ: X-¶n, Ko-X, join-h ]-Wn-°-cp-sS `m-cy _m-dm-Wn, tim-`-\-Ipkp-tI-in-\n (85). a-°ƒ: am¿, ap-cp-I≥. kp-an-{X, kp-\n¬-Ip-am¿, tUm. iym-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: t{]-a tUm. Fw ]n an-{X, F≥ sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv: kp-[m-I-c≥. t]m-ßpw-aq-Sv sN-√w ho´n¬ cm-tP-{μ-s‚ `m-cy th-em-bp-[-s\-gp-¯-ѳ t{]-a (60). a-°ƒ: hr-μ, Im-ht- »-cn: I-g\ - n I-t√- ap-c-fn, i-_-cn. a-cp-a∏p-≈n B-en-¶¬ th-em- °ƒ: A-Æm-a-sse, Ipam-cn, Zn-hym. bp-[s - \-gp-Ø— - ≥ (85).

A-Ðp d-km-Jv au-e-hn

in-h-Zm-k³

A-kp-am-_o-hn

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-Å

]-ß-Ip-am-cn-b-½

a-dn-bm-½

-`m-kv-¡-c³

hm-kp-tZ-h³

Hm-bq¿: s\-´-bw sN-¶q¿ Xm-lm a≥-kn-en¬ A-bØn¬ A-_v-Zp¬ d-km-Jv au-e-hn Fw.--F-^v._ -- n.(75). `m-cy: d-lo-am- _ohn. a-°ƒ: Xm-l (kuZn), \-Pp-a, \-Po-_v (-Xmeq-°v Hm-^n-kv, A-Sq¿), \u-^¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: apwXm-kv, jm-\-hm-kv (Kƒ^v), jw-\.-

]-Ø-\m-]p-cw: a-™≈q¿ tXm-Wn-°p-gn In-gt°-°-c-bn¬ F-kv in-hZm-k≥(64). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v. `m-cy: eo-e. a-I≥: ]-fl Kn-co-j≥.

N-h-d: ]-tc-X-\m-b X-SØn¬ Sn F tIm-bm-Ip-´n km-ln-_n-s‚ `m-cy Akp-am-_o-hn(75). a-°ƒ: kp¬-^-Øv _o-hn, X¬l-Øv (Un.-Un. Hm-^n-kv), sk-bv-Xv (ku-Zn), B-Zne, jm-°n-d, \-Po-_v, apPo-_v, ln-Zm-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: A- -\m-cp-Ip-™v, jm-tamƒ (Un.-hn.-F¬.]n.-F-kv, h-S-°pw-X-e), clv\, j-d-^p-±o≥, A-–p¬-k-a-Zv, ^u-kn, d-^o-\, jw-kp-±o≥ (ku-Zn).-

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: C-S-Ip-fß-c ]p-en-bq¿ h-©n sX°v ]p-≈n-bn¬ sX-°Xn¬ tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W]n-≈(62). `m-cy: N-{μn-Ib-Ω. a-I≥: Pn tKm-]-Ipam¿.

Im-h-\m-Sv: I-S-hq¿ ]p-Xpho-´n¬ F-kv cm-a-N-{μ≥]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy B¿ ]fl-Ip-am-cn-b-Ω(68). a°ƒ: B¿ _n-Pp, B¿ ss_-Pp, ]n _n-μp. a-cp-a°ƒ: B¿ cm-Pn, F¬ A-ºn-fn, B¿ {]-km-Zv.

Ip-≠-d: ]-≈n-ap-°v πmwaq-´n¬ ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b tbm-l-∂m-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bm-Ω(76). a°ƒ: en-√n-°p-´n, timim-Ω, A-∂-°p-´n, ^n-en∏v, tP-°-_v, tPm¨k¨, tPm-kv (k-¶o¿Ø-\w Hm¿-°-kv-{Sm). acp-a-°ƒ: kn hn cm-Pp, sI Fw cm-Pp, tPm¨, sS¬-a, t_-_n, _n-Pn, kp-\n.-

N-h-d: tX-h-e-°-c ]-Sn™m-‰-°-c \n-Ip-Rv-Pw ho-´n¬ sI `m-kv-°-c≥ (tX-h-e-°-c `m-kn-˛75). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v c-≠n-\v. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b Pm-\-In. a-°ƒ: Pq_n-en, _n-Pn-Øv, _nt\m-bn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Xr-Zo]v Ip-am¿ Nu-[-cn, k-PnX.

Hm-bq¿: B-Zy-Im-e Iayq-Wn-Ãv t\-Xm-hpw shfn-bw Sn.--hn.--Sn.--Fw.--F-®v.-F-kv.F -- -kv. am-t\-P-cp-amb sIm-Sn-bn-e-gn-I-Øv ho-´n¬ sI -hm-kp-tZh≥ (77). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: cp-Iv-a-nWn, a-°ƒ: kn-‘p, sj¿-fn, P-b-dmWn (F≥-Pn-\o-b¿, sI.-F¬.--Un.--kn-). a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-cp-fo-[-c≥ (hn-ap-‡-`-S≥), k-en-Ipam¿ (F≥-Pn-\o-b¿ ]n.-U-ªyq.--Un.-), A-Uz.-- B¿ a-t\m-Pv-Ip-am¿, {io-Ipam¿ ({]-W-hw Im-jyp ^m-Iv-S-dn, ]p-Øq¿).

I-√-º-ew: I-√-º-ew bm-ko≥ lu-kn¬ lmPn ssk-\p¬ B-–o≥ (76). `m-cy: e-Øo-^m _o-hn. a-I≥: I-√-º-ew A¿-j-Zv Jm-kn-an ({]kn-U‚ v A¬-lm-Zn Atkm-kn-tb-j≥). a-cp-a-Iƒ: \-ko-dm _ohn. th¿-]m-Sn¬ A¬lm-Zn A-tkm-kn-tbj≥, Hmƒ C-¥y C-am-wkv Iu¨-kn¬, Pw-C-øØp¬ D-e-am F ln-μv, Z-£n-W tI-c-f Pw-C-øØp¬ D-e-a, t]m-]p-e¿ {^-≠v t\-Xm-°ƒ A\p-tim-N-\w A-dn-bn-®p.

hn-iz-\m-Y ]n-Å sa-Un-°¬ -tIm-f-Pv: Ipw-Ip-fw se-bv≥ tXm-∏n¬ ho-´n¬ hn-iz-\m-Y-]n≈ (89). `m-cy: k-c-k-Ω.

kz-bw-{]-` sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pv: D-Zb-Kn-cn C-S-bn-e ho-´n¬ kz-bw-{]-` (86). a-°ƒ: tKm-]-Ip-am¿, Ko-X, {]oX. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-c-kz-Xn, P-b-N-{μ≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b kp-Z¿-i-\≥.

_m-e-Ir-jv-W³

Pm-\-In

A-Ðp-Ã

Ip-ºf - : sIm-Sn-bΩ - tN∏n-\S- p-°b - n-se I¿-jI≥ _n¬-tdm-Un-bn-se sI _n A-–p-√ (98). `mA-ÐpÂ- Jm-ZÀ cy: B-kyp-Ω. a-°ƒ: apD-Zp-a: ]m-e-°p-∂v I-Æw- l-ΩZ- v, A-¥p-™n au-eIp-fw lu-kn¬ sI A- hn, C-{_m-low, bq-kp–p¬ -Jm-Z¿ (85). `m-cy: ^v, A-_q-_° - ¿, D-Ωe - oJ-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: A-–p-√ , a, J-Zo-P, k-^o-\. a-cp-aC-kv-am-Cu¬ , A-–p¬ °ƒ: lw-k, e-Øo-^v, A-ko-kv , jm-\-hm-kv , A-–p¿d-lvam≥, J-Zo-P, A-–p¿-d-lvam≥ , Aa-dn-bp-Ω, a-dn-bp-Ω, B–p¬ ap-°o-Øv. bn-i, \-kn-b.

P-\mÀ-±-\³ ]-ø∂ - q¿: Ip-∂c - p-hn-se hym-]m-cn hy-hk - m-bn-bmb ]n hn P-\m¿-±\ - ≥ (54).

tPm-À-Pv hÀ-Ko-kv sa-Un-°¬ -tIm-f-Pv: IÆw-aq-e A-hn-Sw tdm-Uv Xm-a-c-ti-cn-bn¬ tPm¿-Pv h¿-Ko-kv (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b km-dm-Ω. a-°ƒ: _m-_p-tPm¿-Pv, en-\m tPm¿-Pv, \n¿-Ω-e tPm¿-Pv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-P _m-_p tPm¿-Pv, Pn-Ωn F-{_lmw, tPm¿-Pv tXm-a-kv.

{io-[-c³ ssh-ZyÀ X-e-t»-cn: sN-tº-cn-bnse \n-jm ^m¿-a-kn D-Sa H {io-[-c≥ ssh-Zy¿ (76). `m-cy: Sn sI km-hn{Xn. a-°ƒ: \n-j (_mw•q¿), jo-\ (Pn.hn.F®v.F-kv.F-kv I-Æq¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b-{]-Im-iv (_mw-•q¿), {]-Zo-]≥ (ap≥-kn-^v tIm-S-Xn, IqØp-]-d-ºv).

tKÀ-«n BÀ s^À-Wm-−-kv sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pv: IÆw-aq-e ]-´m-Wn-°p-Snbn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sd-bvt\mƒ-kv s^¿-Wm-≠kn-s‚ `m-cy tK¿-´n B¿ s^¿-Wm-≠-kv (89). a-°ƒ: s^-en-Iv-kv s^¿-Wm-≠-kv, sa-do-\ ^n-en-∏v Un-{Iq-kv s^¿Wm-≠-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Pm-Izn-en-≥ s^-en-Iv-kv s^¿-Wm-≠-kv, ^n-en-∏v Un-{Iq-kv.

am-[-hn Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: B-dmw ssa-en-se Ip-\n-bn¬ ho-´n¬ ap-t√m-fn am-[-hn (85). `¿-Øm-hv: Ir-jvW≥. a-°ƒ: `m-kv-Ic≥, kp-tc-jv _m-_p.

I-√-º-ew: Rm-d-bn¬tIm-Ww N-°≥-Nn-d ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sF-jm _o-hn-bp-sS a-I≥ ap-lΩ-Zv C-kv-am-bn¬ (64).

jn-_p

{_n-Po-äv \o-te-iz-cw: t]-tcm¬ h-≈n-°p-∂n-se sh-´n°¬ sk-_m-Ãy-s‚ `mcy {_n-Po-‰v F-∂ A-®mΩ (83). -a-°ƒ: t_-_n, tPm-kv, sX-øm-Ω, A-∂°p-´n, ta-gv-kn, tam-fn, ]m-{Sn-Iv.

_m-_p

I-{Xn-¡p-«n

am-Xyp

¢u-Un-\

_m-_p

I-cp-Wm-I-c³ ]n-Å

X-¦-½

Nm-Ø≥-X-d: Im-´p-]-dºn¬ _m-_p (55). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf 11\v ap-´-∏≈n Zn s]-¥-t°m-kv-Xv an-j≥ sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬. `m-cy: G-en-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: tim-`-\, kp-PnØv. a-cp-a-I≥: cm-Po-hv.

Nn-d-°-S-hv: sh-´n-°m-´v ]tc-X-\m-b Nm-≠-∏n-≈ Nm-t°m-bp-sS a-Iƒ I{Xn-°p-´n (82). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v 10\v-Nn-d-°-S-hv Xm-a-c-°p-∂v sk‚ v Ct{^w-kv ]-≈n- skantØcnbn¬.

sP-bnw-kv tPm-k-^v

tIm-X

t^m¿´v-sIm®n: \-kv-dØv P-\-Xm-tdm-Uv P-Mv-j\n¬ I-f-Øn¬ sP-bnwkv tPm-k-^v(74). `m-cy: kn-_nƒ sP-bnw-kv (dn-´.A-[ym-]n-I). a-Iƒ: _o-\ tPm-fn. a-cpa-I≥: tPm-fn. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p cm-hn-se 11 \v ku-Zn B-tcm-Ky-am-Xm ]≈-n- skan-tØcnbn¬.

G-eq¿: ^m-Œv Izm¿-t´-gvkn-\p k-ao-]w ]-tØ-e°m-Sv Ip-≠q¿-°m-Sv ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Im-hme-s‚ `m-cy tIm-X(75). a°ƒ: hn-em-kn-\n, ]p-jv]m-I-c≥, A-\n-X, cm-Pp, ]-tc-X-\m-b kp-{_-“Wy≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-in, ko-a, kn-‘p, k-t¥mjv, {]-ho-W.

F-S-Xz: aq-∂p-ssX-°¬ Fw -kn am-Xyp (Ip-™ptam≥-˛70). kw-kv-Im-c-w C-∂v aq-∂n-\v B-\-{]mºm¬ am¿-tØm-Ωm ]≈n-bn¬. `m-cy: A-Ωn-Wn, X-e-h-Sn sh¨-ta-en aW-°v Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: jn-_p (ku-Zn), jn-Pn (sN-ss∂), jn-t\m-bn (A-\o-‰m A-eq-an-\nbw h¿-Iv-kv, F-S-Xzm) a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssj-\n ap°q-¿, jo-_m h-S-°≥ ]d-hq¿, A-\n-X ]-≈n-∏m´v.-

B-e-∏p-g: ap≥ Fw.-]nbpw kn.-]n.-sF. kwÿm-\ Iu¨-kn¬ AwK-hp-am-b Sn sP B-©tem-kn-s‚ k-tlm-Z-cn tN¿-Ø-e sX-°v \memw hm¿-Uv ]-≈n-∏-dºn¬ ¢u-Un-\ (X-¶-Ω˛59). kn.-]n.-Fw. A¿Øp-¶¬ tem-°¬ I-Ωn‰n sk-{I-´-dn am-Ø-\mWv `¿-Øm-hv. a-‰v ktlm-Z-c-߃: ta-cn, tPm¿-Pv. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-bv-°v aq-∂n-\v A¿Øp-¶¬ sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv N¿-®v skan-tØ-cn-bn¬.-

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: Ip-º-g ]\w-tXm-∏n¬ I-t√-Øv ]pØ≥-ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm¿-Pn-s‚ a-I≥ _m_p I-t√-Øv (42). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c≠n-\v h-S-t»-cn-°-c au≠v kn-tbm¨ tKm-kv∏¬ N¿-®v sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬.- B¿.-F-kv.-]n. ]Ø-\w-Xn-´ tem-°¬ IΩn-‰n-bw-K-am-Wv. `m-cy: tim-im-Ω. a-°ƒ: en-_n, kn-_n.

Xn-cp-h-√: a-∂≥-I-c Nn-d ]p-√w-πm-hn¬ I-cp-Wm-Ic≥ ]n-≈ (78). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v c-m-hn-se 11\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b k-tcmPn-\n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: c-am-tZ-hn, tc-JmtZ-hn, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, cm-Jn-tZ-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥, {io-Ip-am¿, P-b-Ipam¿.

a-√-∏-≈n: sIm-Sp-∏≈n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b h¿Ko-kv am-Xyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy X-¶-Ω (82). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. a-°ƒ: en- n, _m-_p-Pn, Um¿-en, a-Wn, Pn-Pn, _n-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tPm-kv, _m-_p-°p-´n, kPn, k-Pn ]p-Ø≥-]p-c-bv°¬, ssk-a¨ Ip-fØp-¶¬, tPm-fn.

lw-k

\m-Wn

I¬-∏‰ - : ]p-Øq¿-hb - ¬sIm-f] - d - º - n¬- lw-k(63)-.- `m-cy: ]m-Øp.-

X-et- »-cn: am-S∏ - o-Sn-I A-Nyp-Xs - ‚ `m-cy at∂m-fn¬ \m-Wn (90).

lw-k A-e-\-√q¿: D-Æym-en¬ N-°w-sXm-Sn lw-k (60). `m-cy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv _-jo¿, A≥h¿, \-ko-a.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

]m-cn-∏-≈n: ho-´-Ω-sb In-S-∏p-ap-dn-bn¬ Xq-ßn-acn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. A-Sp-X-e Iq-cm-∏n-≈n jo-Pm k-Z-\-Øn¬ ssj-Pp-hn-s‚ P-b(30)BWv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se ho-´n¬ a-‰m-cpw C√m-bn-cp-∂ k-a-b-Øm-Wv kw-`-hw. a-°ƒ: IÆ≥, Ip-™m-‰.

tIm-X-aw-K-ew: sN-dp-h´q¿ B-im≥-]-Sn Xm-gsØ-Ip-Sn ho-´n¬ kp-Ipam-c≥(70). `m-cy: Ku-cn. a°ƒ: h-\-P, P-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: {]-`m-I-c≥, N-{μ≥.

Ip-am-c³ Xp-d-hq¿:- ]-d-b-Im-Sv \nI¿-Øn¬- Ip-am-c≥- (75). A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv.

P-ao-e sN¿-∏p-f-t»-cn: B-\-μ]-Sn F-f-Ip-dp-»n-sXm-Sn ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zns‚ `m-cy P-ao-e (62). a°ƒ: k-bv-d-_m-\p, Xmln¿ , ssd-lm-\-Øv, dlvaØv, ^m-Øn-a kplv-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-jo-Zv, A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, k-eow, ^m-Øn-am Pm-kv-an≥.

t^-kv_p-¡n-eq-sS kz`m-h-lXy: ho-«-½-bp-sS kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-¯n

A-º-e-∏p-g: t^kv_p-°n-eq-sS A-]-hm-Z {]-N-cWw \-S-Øn-b-Xn-s‚ t]-cn¬ a-\w-s\m-¥v B-fl-lXy sN-bv-X ho-´-Ω-bp-sS kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. F-dWm-Ip-f-Øv hm-S-I-bv-°v Xm-a-kn-®n-cp-∂ A-º-e-∏pg tXm-´-∏-≈n kz-tZ-in _n-\p-Ip-´-s‚ `m-cy _n-Pn-X (27)bp-sS kw-kv-Im-c-am-Wv tXm-´-∏-≈n-bn-se IpSpw-_-ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11Hm-sS \-SØn-b-Xv. C-h-cp-sS _-‘p-hm-b tXm-´-∏-≈n kz-tZ-in c-Xojv t^kv_p-°n-eq-sS-bpw F-kv.-Fw.-F-kv h-gn-bpw A-]-am-\n-s®-∂m-tcm-]n-®m-Wv bp-h-Xn Po-h-s\m-Sp°n-b-Xv. Rm-b-dm-gv-N `¿-Øm-hn-s\m-∏w t£-{X Z¿i-\w I-gn-™pa-S-ßn-b C-h¿ F-d-Wm-Ip-fw tN-cms\-√q-cn-se ^v-fm-‰n-\p-≈n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂p. bp-hm-hn-s\ C-Xp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´p t]m-enkv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øp tNm-Zyw sN-bv-Xp-h-cp-∂p.

ss_-¡p-IÄ Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v ho-W bp-hm-hv _-kv I-b-dn a-cn-¨p-

sXm-Sp-]p-g: ss_-°p-Iƒ Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v sI.-F-kv.B¿.-Sn.-kn _-kn-\-Sn-bn-te-°v ho-W bp-hm-hv _-kv I-b-dn a-cn-®p. ]q-am-e Iq-h-°-≠w C-e-hn-\m¬ amXyp-hn-s≥-d a-I≥ B‚-∏≥ F-∂v hn-fn-°p-∂ Bt‚m(23)bm-Wv sNm-Δm-gv-N D-®-tbm-sS sXm-Sp-]p-g ]g-b sI.-F-kv.-B¿.-Sn.-kn. Ãm≥Un\p k-ao-]-Øp≠m-b A-]-I-S-Øn¬ a-cn-®-Xv. ssS¬-kv ]-Wn-°m-c-\m-b B-t‚m tPm-en I-gn™v ho-´n-te-°v a-S-ßp-∂-Xn-\n-sS k-©-cn-®n-cp-∂ ss_-°v a-s‰m-cp ss_-°n-en-Sn-®v \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-SpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. _- n-\-Sn-bn-te-°v ho-W B-t‚m-bpsS i-co-c-Øn-eq-sS _- n-s≥-d ]n≥-N-{Iw IbdnC-dßn. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ B-t‚m-sb D-S≥ Bip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. amXm-hv: F¬-kn. k-tlm-Z-cn: B≥-kn.-

Im-dn-\p ]n-¶n ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: \n-b-{¥-Wwhn-´ ss_-°v Im-dn-\v ]n∂n-en-Sn-®v ss_-°p bm-{X-°m-c-\m-b bp-hm-hv a-cn®p. ta-s°m-gq¿ i-io-hn-em-k-Øn¬ i-in-bq-sS aI≥ _n-\o-jv ]-Wn-°¿ (22) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.- C-∂se cm-hn-se 9.-15 Hm-sS- ssa-e-{]-˛ ta-s°m-gq¿ tdmUn-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. kp-lr-Øn-t\m-sSm-∏w ss_-°n¬ tPm-en-ÿ-etØ-°p t]m-hp-∂-Xn-\n-sS ta-s°m-gq¿ P-Mv-j-\p k-ao-]w C-d-°Øn¬h®v ss_-°n-s‚ \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-Sp-I-bpw- ss_-°v ap≥-]n¬ t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Im-dn¬ C-Sn-®p I-b-dp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-d-In¬ C-cp∂ _n-\o-jv tdm-Un-te-°v sX-dn-®pho-Wp. X-e-bv°p Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ _n-\o-jv kw-`-h-ÿ-eØph-®pX-s∂ a-c-W-s∏-´p. t]m-Ãptam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p \¬-In.-

kz-Im-cy_-Ên-Sn-¨v ss_-¡n-\v ]n-¶n-en-cp-¶-bmÄ a-cn-¨p

sN-ß-∂q¿: kz-Im-cy _ n-Sn-®v ss_-°n-\p ]n∂nen-cp-∂v bm-{X sN-bvXbmƒ a-cn-®p. ]p-en-bq-¿ ta¬-°-c Ko-Xm `-h-\n¬ FÂ-_o-\ tKm-]n-\m-Y ]-Wn-°¿ ssh-∏n-≥: ]-≈n-∏p-dw (70) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂tIm¨-sh‚ v ]-Sn-™m-dv se cm-hn-se 11 Hm-sS ]pIp-cn-ip-ho-´n¬ h-kvXy≥ `m-cy F¬-_o-\ en-bq¿ tÃ-‰v _m-¶n-\v k]mÀ-h-Xn (85) .-- kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-Icm-hn-se 11 \v ]-f-fn-∏p-dw C-cn-°q¿: Im-hp-ºm-bn Sw. ho-´n-¬ πºn-Mv tPm-en-s°-Øn-b bp-hm-hn-s\ma-™p-am-Xm _-kn-en-°- k-a-c tk-\m-\n- ªm-Øq- ∏w sN-ß-∂q-cn-te-°v t]m-Ip-tºmƒ B-bn-cp-∂p skan-tØcnbn¬.cn-se ]m¿-h-Xn (85). A-]-I-Sw. ss_-°v Hm-Sn-®n-cp-∂ ]p-en-bq¿ A-Pn hn-em-kØn¬ A-tim-I≥ (32)\pw ]-cn-t°-‰n-´p-≠v. Kp-cp-Xc-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ tKm-]n-\m-Y ]-Wn-°-sc Xn-cp-h-√bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶nepw D-®-tbm-sS a-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: I-\-IIm-™-ßm-Sv: s{S-bnΩ. a-°ƒ: tKm-]-Ip-am¿, Ko-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tam-l-\\n-\v ap-∂n¬ Nm-Sn bpIp-am¿, c-iv-an.hm-hv Po-h-s\m-Sp-°n. Iq- s S- b p- ≠ m- b n- c p- ∂ bp-h-Xn-sb-bpw ssIsN-ß-∂q¿: bp-hm-hn-s\ ho-´n-\p-≈n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® °p-™n-s\-bpw \m-´p\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. Xn-cp-h≥ h-≠q¿ hn-\p `-h-\Im¿ c-£-s∏-Sp-Øn. IØn¬ hn-P-b≥ B-Nm-cn-bp-sS a-I≥ hn-jv-Wp hn-Pgn-™ Zn-h-kw Im-™b≥ (24)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. t]m-en-kv F-Øn ta¬-\-Sßm-Sv ku-Øv sd-bn¬]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p. th {Sm-°n-em-Wv kw-`hw. Im-™-ßm-Sv kuØn-se cm-P-\mWv (28) a-cn-®-Xv. {io-e-¶≥ kz-tZ-in\n hn-Pn, hnPn-bpsS \m-epam-kw {]m-b-am-b a-Iƒ F-∂n-h-sc-bpw Iq-´n B-fl-l-Xy- sNøm-s\-Øn-b- Xncp-h√: sd-bn¬-th ]mfØn¬ bp-hm-hn-s‚Xm-bn-cp-∂p cmP≥. F∂m¬ hnPn-sbbpw Ip™n- bpw bp-h-Xn-bp-sS-bpw arX-tZlw I-s≠-Øn. Xncp-h-√-bv-°pw sN-ß-∂q-cn-\pw C-S-bn¬ I-p-‰q¿ ˛s\bpw \m´p-Im¿ c£-s∏SpØn. Kƒ-^n-¬ tPmen sNbvXn-cp∂ cm-P≥ A-hn-sS Hm-X-d sd-bn¬th tK-‰p-Iƒ-°n-S-bn¬ C-∂-se h®mWv hn-Pn-bp-am-bn A-Sp-∏-Øn-em-b-Xv. \m-ep-am- cm-{Xn 8Hm-sS-bm-Wv P-U-߃ I-≠-Xv. C-cp-h¿-°pw 25\v C-S-bn¬ {]m-bw tXm-∂nkw ap-ºv hn-Pn-sb A-dn-bn-°m-sX cm-P≥ \m-´n-te°p Xncn®p. XpS¿∂v \m-ep-am-kw {]m-ba - m-b a-Is - f- °pw. bp-h-Xn [-cn-®n-°p-∂-Xv I-dp-Ø tSm-∏pw \obp-sa-Sp-Øv hn-Pn Im-™-ßm-´v F-Øp-I-bpw cm-P- e- \n-d-ap-≈ Po≥-kp-am-Wv. bp-hm-hns‚ th-jw Is\ I-s≠-Øn I-√p-cm-hn-bn-se Izm¿-t´-gv-kn¬ Xm-a- dp-Ø ]m≥-kpw sh-≈ j¿-´p-am-Wv. sIm-√w N-μ\-tXm-∏v bp-ss\-kv a≥-kn-en¬ F-∂ hn-em-kkn-®p-h-cn-I-bpam-bn-cp-∂p. cmPs‚ ]n-Xm-hv: N-{μ≥. am-Xm-hv: -h¬-k-e. k- Øn-ep-≈ ss{U-hn-Mv sse-k≥-kv \m-´p-Im¿ Is≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: D-Æn, am-b.

aÀ-±-\-¯n Ian-Xm-¡Ä s{Sbn-\n\v ap¼n NmSn ]-cn-t¡-ä Bß-l-Xy¡v {ian¨p; bphmhv acn¨p bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

ho-Sp \nÀ-am-W-¯n-\n-sS bp-hm-hv tjm-t¡-äv a-cn-¨p

im-kv-Xmw-tIm-´: hoSp \n¿-am-W-Øn-\n-sS bp-hm-hv tjm-t°-‰v acn-®p. ]-Sn-™m-sd I√-S A-bn-tØm-´p-h C-S-bm-´n¬ a-[p-kq-Z\≥(38) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se H-º-tXm-sS-bm-Wv A]-I-Sw. k- a o- ] - h m- k n- b psS- ho-´n-se A-‰-Ip-‰-∏-Wn-Iƒ-°n-S-bn-em-Wv tjm-t°-‰-Xv. A-]-I-S-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v k-l-{]-h¿Ø-I¿ im-kv-Xmw-tIm-´-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]{Xn-bn-te-°v sIm-≠pt]m-hp-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ a-cn®p. k-Pn-X-Ip-am-cn-bm-Wv `m-cy. a-°ƒ: B-ZnXy≥, B-Zn-\m-Yv.

kp-Ip-am-c³

i-¦-c³-Ip-«n

]-Ø-\m-]p-cw: I-√-S-bm‰n¬ Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßn-b bp-hm-hv ap-ßna-cn-®p. Imcy-d Nm-\n-bn¬ ho-´n¬ _m-e-N-{μ-≥ ]n-≈-bp-sS a-I≥ hn-jvW - p-\m-b¿(20) B-Wv a-cn-®X - v. I-√S- b - m-‰nse F-≈p-hn-f I-Sh - n¬ C∂-se ssh-Io-´v B-dn-\mbn-cp-∂p A-]I - S- w. Iq-´p-Im-cp-sam-Øv Ip-fn-°p-∂X - n-\n-sS a-W¬-hmcn-b Ip-gn-bn-e-I-s∏-´p Im-Wm-Xm-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Iq-´p-Im-cp-sS \n-eh - n-fntI-´v Hm-Sn-sb-Øn-bh - ¿ hn-jvWp-hn-s\ I-cbvs - °-Sp-sØ-¶n-epw a-cW - s - ∏-´p. ar-XtZ-lw ]p-\e - q¿ Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]{- Xn-bn-¬ kq-£n-®ncn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. am-Xm-hv: A-ºn-fn. k-tlm-Zc - n: ho-W.

tXm-a-kv

Ip-ªp-Ip-ªv

hn-P-b³

Xn-cp-h-√: h-≈w-Ip-fw Ip-dp-∏≥-]-d-ºn¬ sI F tXm-a-kv (74). kw-kv-Imcw ]n-∂o-Sv. `m-cy: Ip™q-™-Ω. a-°ƒ: F_n, jn-_n, ^n-√p. a-cp-a°ƒ: s_-‰n, eu-P, sjdn≥.

Nm-cpw-aq-Sv: Xm-a-c-°p-fw N-Øn-b-d X-S-Øn¬ In-g°-Xn¬ {_-lv-am-e-bØn¬ Ip-™p-Ip-™v (80). `m-cy: X-¶-Ω. a°ƒ: {_-lv-am-\-μ≥, cpIvv-an-Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-PnX, hn-P-b-Ip-am¿.

Xp-d-hp¿:- Xn-cp-a-e-`m-Kwh-S-t°- sIm-‰n-\m-´v i-¶cm-e-b-Øn¬- hn-P-b≥(60) . `m-cy:- hn-P-b-Ω.

tPmÀ-Pv

B-bn-i l-Öp-½

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: tXm-´-Øn¬ Sn sP tPm¿-Pv (h¿-°n®≥˛ 66). `m-cy: `q-XØm≥-sI-´v hm-´-∏n-≈n¬ ta-cn. a-°ƒ: C¬-_n (bp.-sI). hn-]n≥ (bp.-F.C-). a-cp-a-°ƒ: Po-kv, _n\p. kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf ssh-In-´v 3.-30 \v aq-hm-‰p]p-g tlm-fn am-Kn ]-≈nska-ntØcnbn¬.

Im-™ß - m-Sv: Pn-√m eoKv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v A-Pm-\q¿ I-S∏ - p-ds - Ø F l-ao-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS am-Xm-hv B-bn-i l-÷pΩ (80). `¿-Øm-hv: _mhm ta-kv{- Xn. a-‰v a-°ƒ: F A-ko-kv, F \q-dp±o≥, a-dn-bw, P-ao-e, a-cpa-°ƒ: ap-lΩ - Z- v Ip-™n, A-_vZ- p¿-dl - vam≥.-

I-eym-Wn-b-½ sN-dp-]p-g: ap-\-bp-Ip-∂nse ]-tc-X-\m-b ssI-\n cm-a-s‚ `m-cy I-eym-Wnb-Ω (82). a-°ƒ: {]-`m-hXn, ]q-a-Wn,- {io-e-X.- acp-a-°ƒ-: cm-L-h≥,- _me≥, Nm-Øp.

{io-[-c³ Iq-Øp-]d - º - v: Im-b-temSv {ip-Xn \n-hm-kn¬ kn Fw {io-[-c≥ (58). `m-cy: Im¿-Xym-b-\n. a-°ƒ: {ip-Xn, {io-Xn.

F-S∏ - mƒ: t]m-en-kv a¿-±\-Øn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v NnIn¬-k-bn¬ I-gn-™n-cp∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. h-´w-Ip-fw Ip-‰n-∏m-e am-{º Ip-f-Øn¬ tam-l\≥(40)B-Wv C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v s]-cn-¥¬-aÆ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{X-n-bn¬ a-cn-®-Xv. Rm-b-dm-gv-N cm-{Xn- Ip-‰n-∏m-eb - n-se Hcp Ip-Spw-_-{]-iv-\w ]-d™p- X o¿- ° m- s \- Ø n- b tam-l-\-\-S-°-ap-≈ aq∂w-Kkw-Lw ho-´p-Im-cpam-bn kw-L¿-j-Øn-seØn-b-tXm-sS N-ß-cw-Ipfw t]m-en-kv C-hs - c I-ÃUn-bn-se-Sp-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂p. tam-l-\-s\ t]men-kv a-¿Zn-s®-∂m-tcm-]n®v kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ NnIn¬k-tX-Sn. C∂-se ssh-I-o-t´m-sS-bmWv acWw kw`-hn-®Xv.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ-

bp-hm-hn-sâbpw bp-h-Xn-bp-sS-bpw arX-tZlw sd-bnÂth ]mf¯nÂ

Unssh.F-kv.]n ju-¡-¯-en Im-¸ \n-b-aw: I-cp-XÂ-X-S-¦Â H-cp- hÀ-j-am-¡pw-þ a{´n sI sI cm-a-N-{µ³ am-Ì-dp-sS C-\n F³.sF.F-bn k-kv-s]-³-j-³ ]n³-h-en-¨p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: Sn ]n N-{μ-ti-Jc≥ h-[-t°-kn-se A-t\z-j-W D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ F ]n ju-°Ø-en F≥.sF.bn-te-°p am-dn. tI-c-f t]m-enkv k¿-ho-kn¬ \n-∂p tI-{μ k¿-°m-cn-s‚ Iogn-ep-≈ tZ-io-b A-t\z-j-W GP≥-kn (F≥.sF.F)-bp-sS sIm-®n bq-\n-‰n-te-°m-Wv am-dnb-Xv. {]-h¿-Ø-\-an-I-hpw k¿ho-kv sd-t°m¿-Upw ]-cn-K-Wn®m-Wv ju-°-Ø-en-sb F≥.sF.F-bn¬ F-Sp-Ø-Xv. \n-e-hn¬ ss{Iw-{_m-©v Unssh.-F-kv-.]n-bm-Wv ju-°-Øen. Sn- ]n h-[-tI-kn-se A-t\zj-W D-tZym-K-kv-Y-\m-bn-cp-∂ ju-°-Ø-en-bm-Wv kn.]n.Fw tIm-gn-t°m-Sv Pn-√m sk-{I-t´-dn-

b-‰v Aw-Kw ]n tam-l-\-s\ A-dkv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv. kn.]n.Fw ]m¿´n {Km-a-am-b I-Æq-cn-se sam-St°m-gn a-e-bn¬ a-cw-sh-´p-Im-cpsS th-j-Øn-se-Øn-bm-Wv sIm-Sn kp-\n A-S-°-ap-≈ sIme-bm-fn kw-Lmw-K-ß-sf G-‰pap-´-en-eq-sS Io-gv-s∏-Sp-Øn A-dÃv sN-bv-X-Xv. tI-c-f-Øn-se G‰-hpw h-en-b _m-¶v I-h¿-®-bmb tN-te-{º _m-¶v I-h¿-®t°kn-se A-t\z-j-W kw-L-Ønepw ju-°-Ø-en-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. tI-c-f tI-U-dn¬ \n-∂v Unssh.F-kv.]n-am-cm-b ]n hn{I-a≥, A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿ F-∂n-hcpw C-t∏mƒ sIm-®n F≥.sF.F bq-\n-‰n-ep-≠v.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: kw-ÿm-\Øv Kp-≠m-˛-am-^n-bm kw-Lß-sf A-a¿-® sN-øm≥ Im-∏ \n-b-aw i-‡-am-°p-∂-Xn-\m-bn I-cp-X¬ X-S-¶¬ Im-em-h-[n B-dp-am-k-Øn¬-\n-∂v H-cp-h¿j-am-bn h¿-[n-∏n-®v \n-b-aw t`Z-K-Xn sN-øp-sa-∂v B-`y-¥-c-a{¥n c-ta-iv sN-∂n-Ø-e. {I-ak-am-[m-\-hp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v Z-£n-W-ta-J-e-bn-se D-∂-X t]m-en-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS tbm-K-Øn-\p-ti-jw am-[y-a-{]h¿-Ø-I-tcm-Sv kw-km--cn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. \n-b-a-t`-Z-K-Xn-°p-≈ I-c-Sv _n-√v A-Sp-Ø \n-b-a-k-`m-ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ A-h-X-cn-∏n°pw. Kp-≠m, tª-Uv, a-W¬, Iz-t´-j≥ am-^n-bm kw-L-ßsf I¿-i-\-am-bn t\-cn-Spw. CXp-kw-_-‘n-®v Un.Pn.]n ]-cn-

tim-[n-®v am-kw-tXm-dpw k¿°m-cn-\v d-n-t]m¿-´v sN-øpw. am^n-b-I-fp-am-bn _-‘-ap-≈ t]m-en-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-sc h-®ps]m-dp-∏n-°n-√. C‚-en-P≥kpw kv-s]-jy¬ {_m-©pw CØ-cw t]m-en-kp-Im-sc-°p-dn-®v A-t\z-jn-°p-∂p-≠v. C-h-cp-sS dn-t]m¿-´v e-`n-®m¬ D-S≥ \-S-]Sn kzo-I-cn-°pw. ]n-Sn-In-´m-∏p≈n-I-fp-sS en-Ãv ti-J-cn-®v Ch-sc ]n-Sn-Iq-Sm≥ A-Sn-b-¥-c-\S-]-Sn- kzo-I-cn-°pw. kv-{Xo-Iƒ°pw Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw t\-sc-bp≈ A-Xn-{I-a-ß-fn¬ i-‡-amb \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ ssI-s°m-≈pw. hn-Zym-`ym-k ÿm-]-\-߃ tI-{μo-I-cn-®p-≈ el-cn-hn¬∏-\-im-e-Iƒ I-s≠-Øn I¿-i\-am-bn \n-b-{¥n-°pw. {]-[m-\ \-K-c-ß-fn-se Im-a-d-I-fn-eq-sS cm-{Xn Im-e-ß-fn-epw \n-co-£-

Ww i-‡-am-°pw. Pn-√-I-fn-se s]-‰n-t°-kpIƒ Xo¿-∏m-°m≥ Pn-√m t]men-kv ta-[m-hn-bp-sS t\-Xr-XzØn¬ A-Zm-e-Øp-Iƒ \-SØpw. h¿-Ko-b-kw-L¿-j-߃ \n-b-{¥n-°p-∂-Xn-\pw A-Øcw {i-a-߃ ap≥-Iq-´n I-≠v {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m-\pw \-S-]-Sn Xp-Sßn-. h¿-Ko-b-kw-L-´-\-߃ \S-°p-∂ ta-J-e-I-fn¬ P-\߃-°v B-fl-hn-izm-k-tØmsS Po-hn-°m-\p-≈ km-l-N-cysam-cp-°pw. Pn-√m t]m-en-kv ta[m-hn-I-tfm-Sv {]-Xn-am-k tbmK-߃ Im-cy-£-a-am-°m≥ \n¿-tZ-in-®n-´p-≠v. Un-ssh.-F-kv.-]n-am¿ Dƒs∏-sS-bp-≈ D-tZym-K-ÿ¿ t]m-en-kv tÃ-j-\p-Iƒ k-μ¿in-°p-∂-Xv Im-cy-£-a-am-°psa-∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d-™p.

tkm-jy¬ ao-Un-b-I-fp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v D-b¿-∂p-h-cp-∂ ]cm-Xn-Iƒ D-S-≥ ]-cn-l-cn-°m≥ ssk-_¿ sk-√n-s‚ {]-h¿-Ø\w Im-cy-£-a-am-°pw. C-Xn-\mbn A-Sp-Ø-Zn-h-kw ssk-_¿sk-√n-s‚ tbm-Kw tN-cpw. tIc-f-Øn¬ Ip-‰-Ir-Xy-ß-fp-sS F-Æw Iq-Sp-∂-Xv P-\-߃ t]m-en-kv tÃ-j-\n-se-Øn ]cm-Xn- \¬-Im≥ X-øm-dm-hp-∂Xn-\m-em-Wv. A-Sp-Ø-Zn-h-kw X-s∂ a-e_m¿ ta-J-e-bn-se D-∂-X DtZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS tbm-Kw tN-cpsa-∂pw B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n A-dnbn-®p. Z-£n-W-ta-J-e-bv-°v Iogn-ep-≈ Hm-tcm Pn-√-bn-se-bpw s]m-Xp-hm-b {I-a-k-am-[m-\ -\ne, Ip-‰-Ir-Xy-ß-fp-sS tXm-Xv Xp-S-ßn-b -hn-j-b-ß-fm-Wv tbm-K-Øn¬ N¿-®-sN-bv-X-Xv.

Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw: ap≥-a{- ¥n sI sI cm-aN - {- μ≥ am-ÿ-s°-Xn-cmb k-kv-s]≥-j≥ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ tIm¨-{K-kv]n≥-h-en-®p. F.sF.kn.kn. {]-kn-U‚n-s‚ \n¿-tZ-i-a-\p-k-cn-®v k-kv-s]≥j≥ ]n≥-h-en-®p-sIm-≠p-≈ P\-d¬ sk-{I-´d - n ap-Ipƒ hm-kv\ - nIv Fw.]n.bp-sS \n¿-tZ-iw sI.]n.kn.kn. {]-kn-U‚n-\v e`n-®X - m-bn P-\d - ¬ sk-{I-´d - n Xºm-\q¿ c-hn A-dn-bn-®p. Xn-cs - ™-Sp-∏v- k-ab - Ø - v- ]m¿´nhn-cp-≤ {- ]-h¿-Ø\ - w \-SØ - n-bXn-\pw ]m¿-´n-bp-sS {]-Xn-—m-b°v- a-ßt- e¬-°p-∂ hn-[Ø - n¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®X - n-\p-am-bncp∂p- cma-N-{μ≥ am-kv-‰-sd ]m¿-´n-bp-sS {]m-Ya - n-Imw-KX - z-Øn¬-\n-∂v- k-

kvs - ]‚ v- sN-bvX - X - v.- Xn-cs - ™-Sp∏v- {]-Nm-c-Wth-f-bn¬ sI.-]n.kn-.kn {]-kn-U‚ v- c-ta-iv- sN∂n-Ø-e-bv-°pw A∂sØ {]Xn-]-£ t\-Xm-hv- D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n°p-sa-Xn-tc cm-a-N-{μ≥ amÿ B-tcm-]W - ß - f - p-∂b - n-®n-cp-∂p. ]m¿-´n-bp-sS tI-cf - L - S- I - w \¬In-b dn-t]m¿-´n-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-em-Wv- F.-sF.-kn-.kn-bp-sS A-®-S-°-k-an-Xn \-S-]-Sn-sb-SpØ-Xv-. sN-∂n-Ø-e-bpw D-Ω≥Nm-≠n-bpw A-`n-{]m-b-kzm-X{¥yw A-Sn-®-a¿-Øp-I-bm-sW∂pw X-\n-s°-Xn-tc A-®S- ° - \ - S- ]-Sn-sb-Sp-Øm¬ sI.]n.kn.kn. Hm-^n-kn¬ k-Xy-{K-lw In-S° - psa-∂p-w A-t±-l-w {]-Jym-]-n®ncp∂p.

Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2014-01-29  

Thejas Epaper obit edition. 2014-01-29

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