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thÀ-]mSv

koCHI

14 P-\p-h-cn 2014 sNmΔ

ss_-¡v a-dn-ªp bp-hm-hv a-cn¨p

km-hn-{Xn A-´ÀP\w

Ipª³

]-¦-Pm-£³

\m-cm-bW³

tdm-k

tIm-X-aw-Kew: Xr-°m-cnbq¿ a-lm-tZ-h-t£{Xw ap≥ ta¬-im-¥n ]-tcX\m-b Xr-°m-cn-bq¿ C©q-cn√-Øv C F≥ tKmhn-μ≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn-bp-sS `m-cy km-hn{Xn A-¥¿-P\w(96). ]tc-X N-ß-\mti-cn X-Ω-Wm-´v Ip-Spw_mw-K-amWv. a°ƒ: \mcm-b-W≥ \-ºq-Xncn, tZh-In A-¥¿-P\w, hn{I-a≥ \-ºq-Xncn, k-c-kzXn A-¥¿-P\w, kmhn{Xn A-¥¿-P\w, hn-jvWp \-ºq-Xn-cn, tKm-hnμ≥ \-ºq-Xncn. a-cpa°ƒ: kp-h¿-Wn-\n A¥¿-P\w, Fw ]n \m-cmb-W≥ \-ºq-Xncn, eo-e A-¥¿-P\w, Fw sI tIi-h≥ \-ºq-Xncn, ]n hn hn-jv-Wp \-ºq-Xncn, Cμn-c A-¥¿-P\w, k-c-kzXn-ssZ-hn A-¥¿-P-\w.

{io-aq-e-\-Kcw: F-S-\m-Sv F-S-a‰-Øp ho-´n¬ ]-¶Pm-£≥(76). `mcy: Im¿Xym-b-\nb-Ω. a°ƒ: N{μn-I, Zn-hm-Ic≥, {io-Ipamcn, iyma-f, kp-[. a-cpa°ƒ: k-c-kzXn, D-ÆnIr-jvW≥, cm-[m-IrjvW≥, ]-tc-Xcm-b A¿Pp\≥, th-Wp.

`mÀKhn

Zn-t\i³

{io-aq-e-\-Kcw: F-S-\m-Sv {]-k-∂-]p-cw tX-h-e°m-´v am-en ho-´n¬ Ip™≥(83). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se ]-Øn-\v sX-‰m-en F-kv.F≥.-Un.]n. iv-a-im-\-Øn¬. `mcy: aq-hm-‰p-]-p-g Ip-∂bv-°m¬ a-te-°p-Sn IpSpw-_mw-Kw Ip-´n. a°ƒ: X-¶, N-{μn-I, N-{μ≥, c-aWn, c-hn-Ip-am¿. a-cpa°ƒ: Ip™≥, aWn, DÆn, an\n, Pb.

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: tXm´p-h ]-tc-X\m-b Nn-db-Øv ]u-tem-kn-s‚ `m-cy tdmk(78). a°ƒ: tacn, t__n, ^n-tema-\. a-cpa°ƒ: h¿-Ko-kv, enkn, h¿-Ko-kv.

ssh-∏n≥: Rm-d-°¬ If-Øn-Ø-d Ip-amc-s‚ `mcy `m¿-K-hn(80). a°ƒ: sse-e, ap-cfn, cmPp, eX, kp-Pm-X, dmWn. a-cpa°ƒ: c-ho-{μ≥, cm-[, kn‘p, kp-tc-{μ≥, h¬k≥, cm-Pp.

tSmw Pn tPmÀ-Pv tN¿-Ø-e: ssX-°m-´pt»-cn ]-©m-b-Øv 12˛mw hm¿-Uv {km-ºn-bv-°¬ sIm-‰n-e-ßm-´v Hu-tk-^v tPm¿-Pn-s‚ a-I≥ tSmw Pn tPm¿-Pv (36). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v 3.30\v ssX°m-´p-t»-cn sk‚ v B‚Wo-kv ]-≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. `m-cy: tPm-bv-kn. am-Xm-hv: en-√n-°p-´n.

do-¯m-½ tPm¬

tN¿-Ø-e: tN¿-Ø-e ap\n-kn-∏¬ 16˛mw hm¿-Uv sI ]n a-Wn-b-\m-Nm-cnbp-sS `m-cy eo-em-a-Wn (61).kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn.-

F-cp-ta-en: ]-\-®n-bn¬ l-k≥ dm-hp-Ø¿(70). J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn. `m-cy: F-cp-ta-en ]-dºn¬ Ip-ep-Xv_o-hn. a-‰p-a-°ƒ: \m-k¿ ]-\®n-bn¬. -\-ko-am_o-hn, ko-\m-_o-hn, tkm-^nbm-_o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A_v-Zp¬ A-ko-kv, ko-\Øv \m-k¿, A-_v-Zp¬ Peo¬, jm-Pn C-S-°p-∂w.

ssh-∏n≥: tI-c-f Im¿jn-I k¿-h-I-emim-e dn´.Po-h-\-°m-c≥ -Rm-d°¬ Nn-d-∏-d-ºn¬ Zn-t\i≥(58). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p c-≠n-\p ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `mcy: hn-P-b-e£van. a°ƒ: Zn-eo]v, Znhy. a-cp-a-I≥: A-\n.

C-Sp°n: \m-ep-ap-°v s\√n-°p-t∂¬ h¿-Kokv (t_-_n˛ 74). kw-kv°m-cw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 11\v \m-ep-ap-°v \-{k-Øphm-en tlm-fn ^m-an-en ]≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. `mcy: G-en-°p´n, im-¥n{Kmw tIm-°-∏-≈n¬ IpSpw-_mwKw.

{io-aq-e-\-Kcw: sh-≈m-c∏n-≈n aq-te-Øv ho-´n¬ \m-cm-b-W≥(94). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbm-b e£van. a°ƒ: Fw F≥ A-∏p°p-´≥( {Km-a-∏-©mbØv ap≥ ssh-kv {]-knU‚ v, kn.]n.sF. {io-aqe-\K-cw tem-°¬ I-Ωn‰n sk-{I´-dn), cmPp, thWp, cm-[m-aWn, caWn, im-¥, h¬-k, ]tc-X\m-b Ir-jv-W≥Ip´n. a-cp-a°ƒ: im-¥, cm-[, _nμp, Ko-X, Fw Pn {]Imi≥, sI sI _m_p, ]n Pn cm-a-N-{μ≥, ]-tcX\m-b ]n F Ir-jvW≥.

hÀ-Kokv

cm-[m-`mbv

JZo-P

Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

am-\p-«n

A-¸p-®n

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: ]-´m¬ Iot®-cn ho-´n¬ sI hn h¿Ko-kv(77). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 11.30\v s]-cpºm-hq¿ _-tY-¬-kp-tem° bm-t°m-_m-b I-Øo{U¬ sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: a-dn-bm-Ω (h-´-bv°m-´p]-Sn ap-≠-bv-°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: enkn, h¬-k, tamfn. a-cpa°ƒ: tPmkv, F¬tZmkv, t_-_n.

sIm®n: hS-s° sN-d-fmbn Fw._n. se-bn-\n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Un B-\-μ `-´n-s‚ `m-cy cm-[m-`m-bv (97). a°ƒ: C-μn-c, ]p-cptjm-Ø-a-`´v, Irjv-W `´v, {io-aXn, A-Uz.F Fkv `-´v, ca, ]-tc-X\m-b {io-[-c-`-´v.

am-f: sIm-®p-IS-hv sImXp-hn¬ Ip-™p-ap-l-ΩZn-s‚ `m-cy J-Zo-P(85). J_-dS-°w C-∂pcm-hnse 11\v sIm-®p-IS-hv ap-lnbp-±o≥ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬. a°ƒ: aPoZv, jm-\-hmkv, sFjm_n, kpl-d, A-kv-a, _o-\, ko-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: \-ko-d, koa.

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: tIm-´-∏-Sn sh-≈-d Ip-cym-t°m-kv (81). tIm-´-∏-Sn ku-Øv C-¥y≥ kn≥-Un-t°-‰v am-t\-P¿, hn-P-b tIm¿]-td-j≥, ]o-∏nƒ-kv Ipdo-kv F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ta-co-kv. a-°ƒ: do-\n, cmPn, ssj-\n, en-‰n, tPmk-^v, em¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h¿-Ko-kv, k-Æn, sF-hn, ]-tc-X-cm-b tP-°-_v, t]m-fn.

Kp-cp-hm-bq-¿: I-≠m-Wt»-cn \-º-gn-°m-Sv h-Sp-Xe ]-tc-X-\m-b B-im-cn Ip-™-∏p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ am-\p-´n(66). k-tlm-Z-c≥: Ip-´-∏≥. sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: Im-´m-°pfw ]-Sn-™m-dv ]p-Xn-tb-gØv Im¿-Øn-tI-b≥(75). `m-cy: kp-aw-K-fw. a-°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn-Xv-Ip-am¿, a-Rv-Pp-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Pn-Xv-Ipam¿, A-\n-e.

Kp-cp-hm-bq-¿: sNm-Δ-√q¿]-Sn sI.Fw.F. sh-Pn-‰_nƒ-kv D-S-a I-≠m-Wt»-cn sIm-≠-cmw-h-f∏n¬ A-∏p-Æn(87). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂pcm-hn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: im-c-Z. a-°ƒ: Zn-hm-Ic≥, A-\-¥≥, k-Xy≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, an-\n, Ko-X, {]-Zo-]v, k-t¥m-jv, kt\m-jv, A-Pn-X≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-a, cm-Pn, N-{μnI, kv-an-X, kp-tc-jv, aZ≥-em¬, ssj-\n, kp_n-X, tc-jv-a, Zn-hy.

am-Xyp

A-½-Zv

sN-∂-tem-Sv: ]p-Xn-bmw]p-dw ]n H am-Xyp (68). `m-cy: eo-em-Ω.

sh-≈-ap-≠: sh-´≥ AΩ-Zv (60). `m-cy: ^m-Øna.

eo-em-a-Wn

hÀKo-kv

l-k³ dm-hp-¯À

tN¿-Ø-e: tN¿-Ø-e \K-c-k-` 34˛mw hm¿-Uv shfn-bn¬ hn kn tPm-Wns‚ `m-cy do-Øm-Ω tPm¨ (78). kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: ^n-teman-\ ,- F¬-k-Ω,- tdm-knen. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tPm-kv ,Ip-cym-t°m-kv ,-tPm-k-^v ,- sIm-®p-t{X-ky.

e-£v-an sNß-a-\mSv: ku-Øv A-Sp-hm-ti-cn X-´m-cp-]-dºn¬ am-[h-s‚ `m-cy e£v-an(75). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf D-®-bv-°v 12\p ho´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: kpPm-X, k-Xo-i≥({Km-a-∏©m-b-ØwKw, Ip-∂pIc), Ko-X, A-Pn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: j¨-apJ≥, k-Xoi≥, hn-Pn.

k®n tIm-X-aw-Kew: am-en∏md sX-t°-°p-Sn d-t^ens‚ a-I≥ k-Æn(45). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂p \m-en-\p am-en∏m-d sk‚ v.ta-co-kv I-tØm-en-°m ]-≈nskan-tØcnbn¬. `mcy: ta-cn (am-en∏m-d ]m-dØmg-Øv Ip-Spw-_mwKw).

_m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-Å In-fn-am-\q¿: sN-Ω-c-Øpap-°v en-kn `-h-\n¬ _me-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈ (80). `mcy: Ir-jvW-Ω.

cm-[m-a-Wn-

Xp-d-hq-¿-: ]-©m-b-Øv\m-emw- hm¿-Un¬- A-d-bv°¬- ]-tc-X-\m-b hn-izsNÃ-½-]n-Å \m-Y-s‚ `m-cy- cm-[m-aXn-cp-h-\-¥-]pcw: t\-aw Wn -(-80).- a-°ƒ-: A-PIp-f-°p-Sn-bq¿-t°m-Ww b≥ ,- hn-P-b,- hn-\-b≥- -,N-{μ-hn-em-k-Øn¬ ]-tc- Kn-cn-P,- P-e-P,- hn-Pn.- a-cpX\m-b X-¶-∏≥ ]n-≈-bp- a-°ƒ-: s]m-∂-Ω,- tKm-]nsS `m-cy sN√-Ω-]n-≈ \m-Y≥. P-b-¥n-,- c-a-W≥-, (90). B-i,- k-t¥m-jv,- do-\.-

[-\-e-£v-anta-em-‰q¿: Io-gm-‰q¿ h-S°pw-X-e, h-S-°pw ]p-dØv kp-μ-c≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy [-\-e-£v-an (63). a°ƒ: kp-Z¿-i≥, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿, kp-[o¿. a-cpa-°ƒ: jn-Pv-\, cm-Pn, cmP-e-£v-an.

kp-Ip-am-c³ sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: F-S-hn-eßv ssI-X-°m-Sv kp-Ipam-c≥(65). `m-cy: ]-fln\n. a-°ƒ-: kp-_o-jv, kp-[o-jv.

ImÀ-¯n-tI-b³

s\-Sp-ºm-t»cn: tZ-in-b]m-X-b-cn-In-se Xp-d mb Im-\-bn¬ ss_-°padn-™p bp-hm-h-v a-cn®p. s\-Sp-ºm-t»-cn A-ØmWn sIm-tßm-{X sh-´pt»-cn ho-´n¬ tk-hy-dns‚ a-I≥ kn-dnƒ tk-hyFÂtZm ¿ (31) BWp a-cn-®Xv. Im-eSn: a-‰q¿ Im-°-t»Rm-b-dm-gv-N cm-{Xn 11cn ho-´n¬ h¿-Ko-kv a-I≥ \p tZ-in-b-]m-X-bn¬ A-Øm-Wn F-b¿-t]m¿-´v I-hsI hn F¬-tZm(42). kw- e-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-ISw. F-b¿-t]m¿-´v tdm-Unkv-Im-cw \m-sf D®bv-°v c-≠n-\v a-‰q¿ sk‚ v.tPm- ¬\n-∂v A-Øm-Wn `m-K-tØ-°p Xn-cn-bp-tºm-gm-Wv \n-b-{¥-Wwhn-´ ss_-°v C-S-Xp-hi-sØ Im-\¿-Pv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬ hoWXv. tdm-Un¬ X-e-bn-Sn-®v ho-W kn-dn¬ bn¬. `mcy: Pq-en (\gvkv, A-¶-am-en F¬.F- X¬£-Ww a-cn-®p. _mw-•q-cn¬ kz-Imcy sF.Sn. Iº-\n Po-h-\-°m-c-\mWv. `m-cy: Xr-∏q-WnØp-d Xn^v.B-ip-]-{Xn). a°ƒ: A-eo\, sF-dn≥ (C-cpcp-hm-¶p-fw a-‰-°p-gn sXm-Æ-a-‰-Øn¬ Ip-Spw-_mwhcpw sN-߬ skKw en-b. a°ƒ: P-∂n^¿, B-Zw t]mƒ tk-hy¿. ‚ v.tPm-k-^v-kv kv-Iqƒ A-Ω: k-eo\. hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ). am-Xmhv: A-∂-Ω.

am-[-hn Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: ]m-dm-ense ]-tc-X-\m-b Np-¶°m-c≥ A-Nyp-X-s‚ `mcy I-tÆm-Øpw-I-≠n am-[-hn (97).

ss_-¡v a-dn-ªp bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p; H-cmÄ-¡v Kp-cp-X-c ]-cn-¡v

a-\-s°m-Sn: \n-b-{¥Wwhn-´ ss_-°v ]m-StØ-°v a-dn-™p bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. H-cmƒ-°v Kp-cp-X-cam-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. a-\s°m-Sn In-g-°pw-]p-dw Gtem-Øv h-gn-bn-se tIm-dº-Øv P-b-s‚ a-I≥ Pnjn¬(18) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. G-tem-Øv h-gn-bn-se i¶-cm-b-Øv ho-´n¬ D-Z-b≥ a-I≥ \n-hn-s\ (18) ]-cn°p-I-tfm-sS Pn-√mB-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-\-s°m-Sn A-ø-∏-t£-{XØn-\-Sp-Øv ]p-≈v tdm-Un-em-Wv A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-bXv. tdm-Un-s‚h-i-sØ kp-c-£m`n-Øn-bn¬ C-Sn-®v ss_-°p a-dn-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]p-e¿-s® aq-t∂m-sS A-tim-I³ ]-t{Sm-fnMn-\ph-∂ A-¥n-°m-Sv t]m-en-kv tdm-Un¬ ]m-h-d-´n: a-cp-X-bq¿ t£- A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ In-S-°p-∂ \n-hn-s\-bm-Wv B-Zyw {X-Øn-\p k-ao-]w h-´w-]- I-≠-Xv. ss_-°n-s‚ sl-Uv-sse-‰v I-Øn-\n¬-°pd-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A∂-Xp-I-≠v Po-∏p \n-dp-Øn t\m-°n-b-t∏m-gm-Wv A∏p-Æn a-I≥ A-tim-I≥ ]-I-S-hn-h-c-a-dn-bp-∂-Xv. D-S-s\ C-cp-h-tc-bpw Pn-√m (54). B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-®p-sh-¶n-epw Pn-jn¬ a-cn-®n`m-cy: kp-\n-X-. a-°ƒ: cp-∂p. tÃ-Pv sU-°-td-j≥ ]-Wn-°m-cm-Wv C-cp-hA-In, B-Xn-c. cpw. Pn-jn¬ Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy ÿm-]-\-Øn-se tPm-en-°m-c-\p-am-Wv. Pn-jn-en-s‚ A-Ω: ssj-e-P. tim-`-\ Ip-dp-h: ]-tc-X-bm-b kn k-tlm-Z-cn: Pn-\n. F-®v tZ-h-In-bp-sS a-Iƒ tim-`-\ (54). `¿-Øm-hv: sIm-bn-te-cy≥ h¬-ke≥. a-°ƒ: Aw-Pn-Øv (Kƒ- Xr-iq¿: {]-i-kv-X tlm-°n Xm-cw In-g-t°-tIm-´ tXm-´m≥ ssh-Zy≥ a-I≥ t]mƒ tU-hn-kv tXm-´m≥ ^v), jn-an-Øv, k-¶o¿(60) A-¥-cn-®p. kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. ku-Øv CØ-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ¥y≥ _m-¶v am-t\-P-cm-bn-cp-∂ t]mƒ tU-hn-kv Nm-μn-\n, ]-tc-X-cm-b N- tXm-´m≥ Im-en-°-‰v bq-Wn-th-gv-kn-‰n tlm-°n Sow {μ≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, cm-tP- Iym-]v-‰-\m-bpw tI-c-f tÃ-‰v tlm-°n Sow ssh-kv {μ≥. Iym-]v-‰-\m-bpw sk‚ v tXm-a-kv tIm-tf-Pv tlm-°n Sow Iym-]v-‰-\m-bpw {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: am¿-K-c‰v. a-°ƒ: tdm-kv, A-∂. a-cp-a-I≥: jm-tcm¨ tXm-akv ]-≈n-°p-t∂¬.

tlm-¡n Xm-cw t]mÄ tXm-«m³ A-´-cn-¨p

Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp a-cn-¨p A-Uz. Sn hn tPmÀ-Pv Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sIm´m-c-°-c _m-dn-se {]-apJ A-`n-`m-j-I-\m-bn-cp∂ sIm-´m-c-°-c I-cn°w sX-t°-°-c Ip-gnbn-¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw AUz. Sn hn tPm¿-Pv (64). tI-c-fm tIm¨-{K-kv afi-ew {]-kn-U‚pw Ipgn-bn-¬ Ip-Spw-_-tbm-Kw {]-kn-U‚pambn-cp-∂p. sIm-´m-c-°-c _m-dn-se A-`n-`m-j-I-bpw ap≥ F.Pn.]n-bp-am-b sN-ß∂q¿ ]-g-bn-S-Øv kqk≥ tPm¿-Pv B-Wv `mcy. G-I-a-Iƒ: \n-[n kqk≥ tPm¿-Pv. a-cp-a-I≥ B¬-hn≥ (sF._n.Fw, bq-tdm-∏v).

J-Zo-P- D-½

ssa-¡nÄ

tI-i-h³-

c-ho-{µ-\m-Y³ -\m-bÀ-

km-_p

A-¶-½

Im-™n-c-∏-≈n: ]-tc-X\m-b I-´q-∏m-d- C-{_mlow lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P- D-Ω (80). J-_-d-S°w C-∂v D-®-bv°v H-∂n\v ss\-\m¿-]-≈n J-_¿ÿm-\n¬. a-°ƒ: sd-joZv, \q-dp-±o≥, j-°o¿, sdjo-\, ko-\, Pm-kv-an≥, sj-do-\, ]-tc-X-\m-b Pem-ep-±o≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-lv-d, l-b-dp-∂n-k, kp-\n, dq-_n, k-eow, lnem¬, \u-jm-Z,v ]-tc-X\m-b ssk-\p-±o≥.

D-√-e: πm-t®-cn¬ ]n kn ssa-°nƒ (Ip-´-∏≥-˛81). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b tdm-k-Ω ssa-°nƒ. a-°ƒ: tPmkv, am-Xyp, tSm-an, kn-_n, _n-Pn-tamƒ, sd-Pn-tamƒ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Pm≥-kn, X-¶Ω, jn-Pn, tPm-kn, tPmbn-kv, _n-\p.

Ip-S-bw-]-Sn-: sIm-®p-]-dºn¬- (h-S-t°-°m-´p-]-dºn¬)- sI tI-i-h≥- (79˛ dn-´.- ]n-.U-ªyq-.Un-).kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v- ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.`m-cy-: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωp°p-´n-.- a-°ƒ-: P-an-\n,- at\m-Pv- (d-_v-tIm- dq-^mkv).- a-cp-a-°ƒ-: hn-Zym-[c≥- (t]m-en-kv- Un-∏m¿-´vsa‚ v),- tkm-\ a-t\m-Pv(tZ-im-`n-am-\n,- tIm-´bw).

D-cp-fn-Ip-∂w-: C-S-t»cn¬- C ]n- c-ho-{μ-\m-Y≥\m-b¿- (59).kw-kv-Im-cwC-∂v aq-∂n-\v- ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.- `m-cy-: Ko-Xm-Ip-amcn.- a-°ƒ-: A-\p,- A-c-hnμv.- a-cp-a-I≥--: In-c¨- (hnZym-`-h≥,- s]m≥-Ip-∂w).-

F-cp-ta-en: I-\-I-∏-ew I-t√m-en-°¬ ]-tc-X-\mb sN-dn-bm-s‚ a-I≥ km-_p (46). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 3\v ap°-S ‰n.-]n.-Fw. sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: Pn-Pn (G-en-°p-´n). a-°ƒ : Pn≥-km, Po-\.

F-cp-ta-en: sIm-c-´n ssI-∏-≈n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb Ip-cym-t°m-kn-s‚ `mcy A-∂-Ω (70). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v 3\v ]p-Ø≥sIm-c-´n sk‚ v tPm-k^v-kv ]-≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. ]-tc-X ssa-e-{] sX-ß-S-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mwK-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: tam≥kn, tPm-kv (t]m-Ãv Hm^n-kv ]q-h-c-Wn), knÿ tl-a Ip-cym-t°m-kv (tlm-fnt{Im-kv tIm¨sh‚ v). a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip™p-tam≥, sse-e.

I-a-em-£n Ip-g¬-a-μw: I-f-s∏-´n A-{Im-Sv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy I-a-em-£n (74).

cm-Pp-sj-«n Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: hym-]mcn A-W-¶q¿ s\¬-°-f tdm-Un-se cm-Pp-sj-´n. im-c-Zmw-_ U-°-td-j≥ D-S-a-bm-Wv. `m-cy: D-j. a-°ƒ: A-\¥-Ir-jv-W≥, e-£oi≥, A-\p-cm-[, sh-¶tS-jv.

th-em-bp-[³ Nn-‰q¿: ap-´n-cn-Øn-bn¬ th-em-bp-[≥ (60). `m-cy: eo-e. a-°ƒ: hn-t\m-ZvIp-am¿, hn-\o-Xv, hn-t\jv, i-m-en-\n.

J-Zo-P X-e-t»-cn: I-Xn-cq¿ A©mw ssa¬ _-kvtÃm∏n-\p k-ao-]w am-hn-e-ho´n¬ G-c-´m-¶-≠n J-Zo-P (88). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b Sn ]n ]-°p. a-Iƒ: i-ao-a. a-cp-a-I≥: a-Po-Zv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-_q´n, A-l-Ω-Zv, bq-kp-^v, l-k≥, lp-k≥, Ip™m-an, A-bn-kq-´n.

A-ÐpÀ-d-lv-am³ tIm-fn-b-Sp-°w: aq-Sw-_b-en-se tIm-∏ A-–p¿d-lvam≥ (65). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: \-ko¿, A¬Øm-^v (C-cp-h-cpw Zp-_bv), \-ko-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-\o¿, k-eo-e-Øv C¿^m-\. k-tlm-Z-c≥: a-laq-Zv h-b-\m-Sv.

cm-[ am-\-¥-hm-Sn-: a-°n-a-e No-c-°p-gn- Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy- cm-[ (55)-.-

Xr-iq¿: tlm-´-en¬ Nm-b-Ip-Sn-°m≥ I-b-dn-b Bƒ Ip-g-™p-ho-Wv a-cn-®p. ap-Sn-t°m-Sv ]-f-fn-bn-se ap{In-bpw Ip-∂w-Ip-fw Nm-en-t»-cn kz-tZ-in-bp-am-b apPo-_v d-“m≥(50) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se ]-Ø-c-tbm-sS i-‡≥ Ãm≥Un-ep-≈ tlm-´-en¬ Nm-b-Ip-Sn-°m≥ I-b-dnb apsI ]n l-ao-Zv lm-Pn Po-_v d-“m≥ Ip-g-™p-ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. hn-h-c-asXm-Sp-]p-g: D-≠-πm-hv dn-s™-Øn-b B-IvSv-kv {]-h¿-Ø-I¿ Pn-√m B-ip{]-tZ-i-sØ ]u-c-{]-ap-J- ]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. \pw ap-kv-enweo-Kv {]-h¿Ø-I-\p-am-b Ip-∏-t»cn¬ sI ] -- n l-ao-Zv lm-Pn {io-aq-e-\-K-cw: {]-`m-X(67). D-≠-πm-hv ap-lv-bn±o≥ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿- k-hm-cn-°n-d-ßn-b bp-hmÿm-\n¬ J-_-d-S-°n. hv tdm-Un¬ Ip-g-™p-hoZo¿-L-Im-ew ap-kv-enw Wp a-cn-®p. sNm-Δ-c sImeo-Kv im-Jm-I-Ωn-‰n-bwt≠m-´n ta-\-t®-cn ]-tc-XKw, ap-lv-bn-±o≥ ]-≈n ]- \m-b sN-√-∏-s‚ a-I≥ cn-]m-e-\-k-an-Xn D-]-tZ-i- jm-Pn(43) B-Wp a-cn-®I t_m¿-Uv sN-b¿-am≥ Xvv. F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿cm-hn-se 5.30 \p \-SØn-®n-cp-∂p. kp-ss_-Zbm-Wv `m-cy. a-°ƒ: sI °m-\n-d-ßn-b jm-Pn sImt≠m-´n tdm-Un¬ Ip-g-™pho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]-cnF-®v \u-jm-Zv au-e-hn k-c-hm-kn-Iƒ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw cIu-k-cn (C-amw ss\£n-°m-\m-bn-√.F-d-Wm-Ip-f-sØ kz-Im-cy {Sm-h¬\m¿ a-kv-Pn-Zv Im-™n-c∏-≈n), sI.F-®v. sj-co- kv ÿm-]-\-Øn-se ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: sjm¿-Wq¿ Ip-f-∏n-≈n ap-f-bm-Sn-∏-d-ºn¬ cm-tP-iz^v (D-≠-πm-hv ap-lv-bn±o≥ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv skcn. a-°ƒ: iymw, iym-an-en. am-Xm-hv: kp-Ip-am-cn. {I-´-dn), jw-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-ko-a, k-\od, kp-[o¿. ap-kv-eo eo-Kv kw-ÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn Sn Fw k-enw, Pn-√m-{]-knC-Sp-°n: I¿-Wm-S-I-bn-se Ip-S-In¬ a-c-Øn¬-\nU‚ v sI Fw F jp∂p ho-Wv a-e-bm-fn bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. D-∏p-X-d B-‰p°q¿, P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn Nm¬Ip-∂-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^n-s‚ a-I≥ sdFw F-kv ap-l-Ω-Zv, \-Kc-k-`m sN-b¿-am≥ Sn sP Pn-tam≥(38) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Ip-d-®p-Im-e-am-bn sd-Pn-tam≥ tIm-gn-t°m-Sv H-cp tPm-k-^v F-∂n-h¿ h-k_-‘p-hn-s\m-∏-am-bn-cp-∂p Xm-a-kw. A-hn-sS- \nXn k-μ¿-in-®p. ∂m-Wv Ip-S-In¬ a-cw-ap-dn-°p-∂ ]-Wn-°pt]m-b-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-b-Xm-bm-Wv hn-hcw. _-‘p-°ƒ Ip-S-In-te-°v t]m-bn-´p-≠v. am-Xm-hv: a-dn-bm-Ω. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tPm¿-Pv, A-∏-®≥, t{Kkn, tPm-bn, jm-Pn, k-Pn, ]-tc-X-\m-b k-Æn.

bp-hm-hv Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

a-e-bm-fn bp-hm-hv IÀ-Wm-S-I-bn a-cn-¨p

tPm-k-^v

A¶½

G-en-bm-½

inh-cm-P³

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n

a-¯m-bn a-¯m-bn

Ip-cp-hn-f

tN¿-Ø-e: tN¿-Ø-e \K-c-k-` 31˛mw hm¿-Uv htS-t°-cn¬ hn -sP -tPmk-^v (Ip-™q-™v-˛62). kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. ktlm-Z-c-߃: h¿-Ko-kv,F¬-k-Ω,- kq-k-Ω,B‚-Wn,- Ip-cy≥,- tam-fn, tPm-fn.

Xn-cph√: h-f-™-h-´w A-cp-hm-Ø-e-bn¬ ]-tcX\mb F kn F-{_-lman-s‚ `m-cy A-∂-Ω (85) U¬lnbn¬ \n-cym-Xbmbn. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v U¬ln Xp-•-°v-_m-Zv {In-kv-Xy≥ sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ: X-¶®≥ (U¬ln), Xºn, en n, ]m-kv ‰¿ F F h¿-Kokv, ]-tcX\m-b tPm-k-^v. a-c-p-a°ƒ: kqk-Ω, X-¶Ω, en n, sI hn tPmk^v, an-\n.

Xn-cph√: Ip-‰∏pg ss]\pw-aq-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b tIm-in im--ap-th-en-s‚ `mcy G-en-bm-Ω (87). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 11.30\v ap-Øq¿ sF.]n.kn. {In-kv-Xy≥ h¿-jn-∏v S-h¿ k-`-bp-sS ]m-a-e-bnep-≈ sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ: Ip-™p-tamƒ, eoe, tPmbn, sIm-®p-a-dn-bmΩ. a-cp-a°ƒ: kmw imap-th¬, F sP tP-°_v, tPm¿Pv, ]-tc-X\m-b Fw hn h¿-Ko-kv.

s\√napIƒ: ISº\mSv hS°v APn`h\Øn¬ Pn inhcmP≥ (64). `mcy: sN√Ω. a°ƒ: APnIpam¿ (KpPdmØv), A\n¬Ipam¿ (Zp_mbv). acpa°ƒ: thWn, {]oX.

sXm-Sp-]p-g: H-f-a-‰w e£w-ho-Sv- tIm-f-\n ]p-‰≥am-°¬ ]n ]n Ir-jv-W≥Ip-´n (55). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v-. a-°ƒ: kp-`m-jv-, Aºn-fn, a-Rv-Pp. sXm-Sp-]pg Su-Wn¬ h¿-j-ß-fmbn hn-hn-[ Zn-\-]-{X-ß-fpsS hn-X-c-W-°m-c-\m-bncp-∂p.

sXm-Sp-]p-g: tIm-em-\n ao-º-\m-Øv Fw Fw Ipcp-hn-f (Ip-´-∏≥ ˛ 79). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. `m-cy: G-en-°p-´n, s\-Snb-im-e h-c-Ip-Im-embn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a°ƒ: am-Xyp, A-Pn, sdPn, _n-Pn, jn-Pn. a-cp-a°ƒ: km-P≥, kn-dn-b°v, tPm-tam≥, {So-k, kPo-X.

cmw-`-«v

F-S-h-Æ: ]-Ø-∏n-cn-bw tN-∂m-bv-°p-∂n-se Al-Ω-ZvIp-´n-bp-sS `m-cy ^m-Øn-a(79).

ap-´w: æm-°p-gn-bn¬ aØm-bn a-Øm-bn (Ip™v˛ 95). kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂p ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v ap-´w kn-_n-Kn-cn sk‚ v sk-_m-Ãy≥ ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn-se IpSpw-_ I-√-d-bn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b t{Xkym-Ω, aq-∂n-e-hv h-St° Nn-d-bm-Øv Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: a-Ømbn, tP-°-_v, tPm-k-^v, A-∂-Ω, tUm. tXm-a-kv, tUm. tPm¿-Pv, ]-tc-Xbm-b kn-ÿ F¬-k {So-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶Ω, ta-cn, Pm≥-kn, tZ-hky, sP-kn, A-\n-‰.

i-io-{µ³ I-°m-Sv: tem-´-dnsØmgn-em-fn-bm-bn-cp-∂ X-ºpcm-¶-≠n i-io-{μ≥ (68). `m-cy: I-\-I.

A-ÐpÂ- I-cow \n-e-ºq¿: F-c-™n-aßm-Sv th-t´-t°m-Sn-se ]p-Ø-e-Øv A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow (54).

_-Zn-b-Sp-°: _o-P-¥-Sp° s]-c-ap-K ho-´n¬ cmw`-´v (52).

^m-¯n-a

Pm-\-Inam-\-¥-hm-Sn-: Im-´n-°pfw- A-Ωm-\n-bn-se- ]-tcX-\m-b- Xm-\n-°p-gn-bn¬C- sI- Ip-am-c-s‚- `m-cybpw- ap-≥ Xn-cp-s\-√n- {Kma-∏-©m-b-Øw-K-hp-am-bPm-\-In- (77)-.a-°ƒ-:- Sn- sI- hn-P-b-≥,kp-tc-jv,- Hm-a-\.- a-cp-a°ƒ-:- Ip-i-e-Ip-am-cn,ssj-e.-

bp-h F³-Pn-\o-bÀ Bip-]-{Xn-bn a-cn-¨p; NnInÂkm¸n-g-sh-¶v _Ôp-¡Ä I-f-a-t»-cn: Xm-Sn-sb-√n-\v i-kv{X-{In-b- sN-øm≥ B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-® bp-h sF.Sn. F≥-Pn-\o-b¿ a-cn-®p. A-\-kv-Xoky \¬-In-b-Xn-se ]n-g-hm-Wv ac-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂m-tcm-]n-®v _‘p-°ƒ B-ep-h t]m-en-kn¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In. I-cn-∏m-bn tdmUn¬ ]p-jv-]-aw-K-ew ho-´n¬ ]n Un k-Æn-bp-sS a-I≥ sU-∂n k-Æn (26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. _mw-•q-cn-se sF.Sn.ÿm-]\-Øn¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂ sU∂n Rm-b-dm-gv-N-bm-Wv A-h-[n°v \m-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. I-f-a-t»-cnbn-se -tUm-Œ-dp-sS \n¿-tZ-i-{]Im-cw i-kv-{X-{In-b-bv-°m-bn Bep-h-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn-te-°p t]m-bn. B-ip-]-{Xn-

bn-se Xn-tb-‰¿ hm-S-I-bv-s°-SpØm-Wv i-kv-{X-{In-b-°p-≈ H-cp°-߃ \-S-Øn-b-sX-∂pw k¿P≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-°p ]p-d-Øp-≈ tUm-Œ-dm-bn-cp-s∂-∂pw _-‘p°ƒ ]-d-™p. F-∂m¬, A-\kv-Xo-ky \¬-In-b-Xv B-ip-]-

{Xn-bn-se tUm-Œ¿ B-sW-∂pw A-h¿ ]-d-™p. Rm-b-dm-gv-N D®-bv-°v 12\m-Wv sU-∂n-sb Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®-Xv. 4.30 Hm-sS \n-e h-j-fm-b-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v sU-∂n-sb F-d-Wm-Ipf-sØ a-s‰m-cp kz-Im-cy B-ip]-{Xn-bn-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]msb¶nepw acWw kw`-hn®p. t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jta a-c-W-Im-c-Ww hy‡amhqF∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. ar-XtZ-lw B-e-∏p-g sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´w sNøpw. kw-kv-Im-cw 18\v sIm-√w Xg-b sk-‚ v.tXm-a-kv Hm¿-ØtUm-Iv-kv ]-≈n. am-Xm-hv: tam-fn. k-tlm-Z-c≥: _n-∂n.

ssa-Yn-en ]-t´¬-Øm-gw: kn.]n.Fw h-fb - \ - m-Sv ap≥ tem°¬ sk-{I-´d - n Im-´n-t»cn th-em-bp-[s - ‚ `m-cy ssa-Yn-en (78). a-°ƒ: ]pjv] - e - X - (anw-kv B-ip-]{Xn), do-\, hn-t\m-Zv, Po-P, j-^n (sI.Un.kn _m¶v, ]-¥o-c¶ - m-hv).

I-®³ \m-dm-Øv: B-\-μ-Xo¿∞ \-K¿ tIm-f-\n°p k-ao-]w hn sI IÆ≥ (78). `m-cy: {io-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, D-a. a-cp-a-I≥: N-{μ≥.

ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v ]-cn-t¡-äv NnInÂkbn-en-cp¶ hr-²³ a-cn-¨p I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: ss_-°-n-Sn-®v Nn-In¬-k-bn¬ B-

bn-cp-∂ hr-≤≥ a-cn-®p. Ip-e-ti-J-c-]p-cw tIm-´-°∏p-dw h-S-°-S-Øv h-S-°-Xn¬ ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ sN-´nh-Sp-X-e: B-ep-¶-sh-fn bm¿(62) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Fw F A-_q-_-°¿ I-gn-™Zn-h-kw ]p-Xn-b-Im-hv Im-´n¬-I-S-hv tdm(70). Un¬ I-h-dm-´v P-Mv-j-\n¬-h-®v h-gn-bm-{X-°m-c-\m`m-cy: _o-hn. a-°ƒ: ku-Z-Øv, l-k-\- b ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ sN-´n-bm-sc ss_-°n-Sn-®v ho-gv-ØpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-I-S-sØØp-S¿-∂v B-e-∏p-g saØv, kp¬-^-Øv, kp¬Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®^n-°¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ln-em-¬, \m- ¶n-epw C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s®aq-∂n-\v a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: e£v-an-°p-´n. a-I≥: A-P-b-Ip-am¿. I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n k¿, bm-k¿, kp-eptamƒ. t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

A-_q-_-¡À

X-an-gv-\m-«n _-kv a-dn-ªv a-cn-¨-h-cp-sS ar-X-tZ-l§Ä \m-«n-se-¯n-¨p N-hd - : th-fm-¶Æ - n Xo¿-∞m-S\ - Ø - n-\n-sS Xan-gv\ - m-´n-se cm-a\ - m-Y] - p-cØ - v Sq-dn-Ãv _-kv adn-™v a-cn-®h - c - p-sS ar-Xt- Z-lß - ƒ \m-´n-seØn-®p. tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w ta-°m-Sv B¬{Un≥ hn-√b - n¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b t\m-_¿-´n-s‚ a-Iƒ Pq-en-‰m ta-cn (A-Jn-e˛- 18), tIm-bn-hn-f ]m-hp-ºm X-´m-s‚ h-S° - X - n¬ am-Xyp˛-Pk - n Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-fpw tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w ta°m-Sv tb-ip-Zm-kv `-h\ - n¬ tdm-_¿-´v a-cn-bms‚ `m-cy-bp-am-b Pn-jva - am-Xyp(21) F-∂n-hcp-sS ar-Xt- Z-lß - f - m-Wv C-∂s - e cm-{Xn-tbmsS kz-tZ-ia - m-b N-hd - b - n-se-Øn-®X - v. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v \-S° - pw. sh-≈n-bm-gv-Nbm-Wv tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w C-S-h-I hn-Im-cn-bp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep-≈ kw-Lw th-fm-¶-Æn-bn-te-°v t]m-b-Xv. a-Sßn h-cpw-hg - n Rm-bd - m-gvN - cm-{Xn X-an-gv\ - m-´n-

A-Jn-e Pn-jv-am am-Xyp se cm-a\ - m-Y] - p-cØ - n-\v k-ao-]w ]m-º≥ ]me-Øn-\-Sp-Øv C-h¿ k-©-cn-® _-kv a-dnbpI-bm-bn-cp∂p. A-]I - S- Ø - n¬ 27 t]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w C-Sh - I - b - n-se ssI-°m-c≥ k-Æn tPm-k-^v, tIm-hn¬tØm-´w kz-tZ-in-I-fm-b s^-en-Iv-kv, tUmWn, sk-” F-∂n-h-¿ Kp-cp-X-c ]-cn-°pItfmsS a-[p-c sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬

NnIn¬k-bn-emWv. tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w sk‚ v B≥-{Uq-kv tZ-hm-e-b C-S-h-I hn-Im-cn ^m. A-cp¨ B-dm-S≥, ss{U-h¿ tIm-bn-hnf tPm¿-Pv tPm-k^ - v, ¢o-\¿ - N-hd - kz-tZ-in aWn-I-WvT≥, Xo¿∞m-S-I-cm-b tIm-hn¬tØm-´w ta-°m-Sv sN-dp-t»-cn-`m-Kw kz-tZ-inI-fm-b kv‰ - ≥-en, B≥-kn k-‰m-en, sUm-a\ - n°v, kva - n-Pn, {^m≥-kn-kv, _m-_p-Zm-kv, Ko-a {In-kv‰ - n, A-∂ Im-Xd - n≥, _n-μp k-Æn, e-b, jm¿-e‰ - v, sj-dn≥, {In-kv‰ - n, am-Kn, tdm-_n≥, s^-dn-b, hn-ae - m s^-dn-b, h¿-Ko-kv, tPm¨k¨, kv-an-X tPm¨-k≥, {In-kv-‰-^¿, a©p, sk-_m-Ãy≥, eo-\m sk-_m-Ãy≥, tXm-ak - v, s^-en-Ivk - v, km≥-{Um, P-\‰ - v, BÃn≥, ^m-Øn-Ωm, tdm-_¿-´v a-dn-bm≥ F-∂nh¿ sIm-√w, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw Pn-√-I-fn-se B-ip-]{- Xn-If - n¬ Nn-In¬-kb - n-em-Wv.

s{S-bn³ bm-{Xbv-¡n-sS a-cn-¨p Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: s{S-bn≥ bm-{Xbv°n-sS X-an-gv-\m-Sv kz-tZ-in lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw-aqew a-cn-®p. Xan-gv-\m-Sv \m-a-°¬ kn¬-hmws]-´n Ir-jv-W-]p-c-sØ ho-c-apØp-hn-s‚ a-I≥ cm-P-tKm-]memWv (57) a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS- aw-K-em]p-c-Øv \n-∂p sN-ss∂-bn-te°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ s{S-bn\nem-Wv kw-`-hw. Ip-g-™p-hoW cm-P-tKm-]m-en-s\ s{S-bn≥ Im-k¿-tIm-s´-Øn-b-t∏mƒ sdbn¬-th t]m-en-kpw ^-b¿t^m-gv-kpw Im-k¿-tIm-Uv P-\d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

14 P-\p-h-cn 2014 sNmΔ

a-e-bm-fn bp-hm-hv IÀ-Wm-S-I-bn a-cn-¨p

Jm-ZÀ-_o-hn

J-Zo-P- D-½

ssa-¡nÄ

tI-i-h³-

c-ho-{µ-\m-Y³ -\m-bÀ-

km-_p

A-¶-½

l-k³ dm-hp-¯À

shw-ªn: ]-tc-X-\m-b ]pfn-°¬ C-{_m-ln-an-s‚ `m-cy Jm-Z¿-_o-hn (sh-≈--Ω-°-˛75). J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn.- a-°ƒ: jm-Pn,C-kv-am-bn¬(-tIm¨-{Kkv a-fi-ew I-Ω-‰n-bwKw),- k-^n-b,- sse-e (A[ym-]n-I K-h.-hn.-F-Nv.-Fkv.- s\-√n-∏p-g,- a-Æm¿°m-Sv), -d-lv-a-Øv(-{]m-Yao-I B-tcm-Ky-tI-{μw CS-°p-∂w).- a-cp-a-°ƒ: bqk-^v(I-√-Sn-t°m-Sv)-, lmPn ap-l-Ω-Zm-en (a-Æm¿°m-Sv),-- ap-kv-X-^ I-am¬ (-Ip-∏-°-bw), k-eo-\,-Pn\o-j.

Im-™n-c-∏-≈n: ]-tc-X\m-b I-´q-∏m-d- C-{_mlow lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P- D-Ω (80). J-_-d-S°w C-∂v D-®-bv°v H-∂n\v ss\-\m¿-]-≈n J-_¿ÿm-\n¬. a-°ƒ: sd-joZv, \q-dp-±o≥, j-°o¿, sdjo-\, ko-\, Pm-kv-an≥, sj-do-\, ]-tc-X-\m-b Pem-ep-±o≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-lv-d, l-b-dp-∂n-k, kp-\n, dq-_n, k-eow, lnem¬, \u-jm-Z,v ]-tc-X\m-b ssk-\p-±o≥.

D-√-e: πm-t®-cn¬ ]n kn ssa-°nƒ (Ip-´-∏≥-˛81). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b tdm-k-Ω ssa-°nƒ. a-°ƒ: tPmkv, am-Xyp, tSm-an, kn-_n, _n-Pn-tamƒ, sd-Pn-tamƒ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Pm≥-kn, X-¶Ω, jn-Pn, tPm-kn, tPmbn-kv, _n-\p.

Ip-S-bw-]-Sn-: sIm-®p-]-dºn¬- (h-S-t°-°m-´p-]-dºn¬)- sI tI-i-h≥- (79˛ dn-´.- ]n-.U-ªyq-.Un-).kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v- ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.`m-cy-: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωp°p-´n-.- a-°ƒ-: P-an-\n,- at\m-Pv- (d-_v-tIm- dq-^mkv).- a-cp-a-°ƒ-: hn-Zym-[c≥- (t]m-en-kv- Un-∏m¿-´vsa‚ v),- tkm-\ a-t\m-Pv(tZ-im-`n-am-\n,- tIm-´bw).

D-cp-fn-Ip-∂w-: C-S-t»cn¬- C ]n- c-ho-{μ-\m-Y≥\m-b¿- (59).kw-kv-Im-cwC-∂v aq-∂n-\v- ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.- `m-cy-: Ko-Xm-Ip-amcn.- a-°ƒ-: A-\p,- A-c-hnμv.- a-cp-a-I≥--: In-c¨- (hnZym-`-h≥,- s]m≥-Ip-∂w).-

F-cp-ta-en: I-\-I-∏-ew I-t√m-en-°¬ ]-tc-X-\mb sN-dn-bm-s‚ a-I≥ km-_p (46). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 3\v ap°-S ‰n.-]n.-Fw. sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: Pn-Pn (G-en-°p-´n). a-°ƒ : Pn≥-km, Po-\.

F-cp-ta-en: sIm-c-´n ssI-∏-≈n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb Ip-cym-t°m-kn-s‚ `mcy A-∂-Ω (70). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v 3\v ]p-Ø≥sIm-c-´n sk‚ v tPm-k^v-kv ]-≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. ]-tc-X ssa-e-{] sX-ß-S-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mwK-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: tam≥kn, tPm-kv (t]m-Ãv Hm^n-kv ]q-h-c-Wn), knÿ tl-a Ip-cym-t°m-kv (tlm-fnt{Im-kv tIm¨sh‚ v). a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip™p-tam≥, sse-e.

F-cp-ta-en: ]-\-®n-bn¬ l-k≥ dm-hp-Ø¿(70). J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn. `m-cy: F-cp-ta-en ]-dºn¬ Ip-ep-Xv_o-hn. a-‰p-a-°ƒ: \m-k¿ ]-\®n-bn¬ (sF.-F≥.-Sn.bp.kn. ]q-™m¿ do-Pn-b\¬ {]-kn-U‚ v). -\-koam_o-hn, ko-\m-_o-hn, tkm-^n-bm-_o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ Ako-kv, ko-\-Øv \m-k¿, A-_v-Zp¬ P-eo¬, jm-Pn C-S-°p-∂w.

cm-[ am-\-¥-hm-Sn-: a-°n-a-e No-c-°p-gn- Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy- cm-[ (55)-.-

]m-ßv: Cu-Ãv ]m-ßnse ]-≈n-sØm-Sn A_q-_-°¿ ap-kv-eym¿ (68). `m-cy: J-Zo-P.

hÀKo-kv

ta-cn-½ -tXm-a-kv N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ]m-d-°mSv(Ip-dp-∏-t»-cn) ]-tc-X\m-b ]n kn tXm-a-kns‚ `m-cy ta-cn-Ω-tXm-akv(85).kw-kv-Im-cw 16\v D-®-I-gn-™v Xn-cp-lr-Z-b tZ-hm-e-b skan-tØcnbn¬. a-°ƒ: h¬-k-Ω, A-Uz.tP-°-_v tXm-a-kv, ^m.tPm-k-^v ]m-d-°m-Sv F-kv sP (U-b-d-Œ¿ kmZ-\m C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´v ]qss\), do-Øm-Ω, tSm-an tXm-a-kv (Ip-a-fn), k-Æn tXm-a-kv(sI.F-kv.-B¿.Sn.kn. U-b-d-Œ¿ t_m¿Uv Aw-Kw), a-dn-b-Ω,tPmWn tXm-a-kv, am-Xyq tXma-kv (Zp-_m-bv). a-cp-a°ƒ: _m-_p-Pn (sIm√w), Ip-™-Ω , tam-l≥ am-Xyq, sP-kn, ssj-\n, tPm¿-Pv Ip-cy-≥, dm-Wn, tdm-kn-en≥.

A-ÐpÀ-d-lv-am³

Nn-‰q¿: ap-´n-cn-Øn-bn¬ th-em-bp-[≥ (60). `m-cy: eo-e. a-°ƒ: hn-t\m-ZvIp-am¿, hn-\o-Xv, hn-t\jv, i-m-en-\n.

X-e-t»-cn: I-Xn-cq¿ A©mw ssa¬ _-kvtÃm∏n-\p k-ao-]w am-hn-e-ho´n¬ G-c-´m-¶-≠n J-Zo-P (88). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b Sn ]n ]-°p. a-Iƒ: i-ao-a. a-cp-a-I≥: a-Po-Zv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-_q´n, A-l-Ω-Zv, bq-kp-^v, l-k≥, lp-k≥, Ip™m-an, A-bn-kq-´n.

tIm-fn-b-Sp-°w: aq-Sw-_b-en-se tIm-∏ A-–p¿d-lvam≥ (65). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: \-ko¿, A¬Øm-^v (C-cp-h-cpw Zp-_bv), \-ko-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-\o¿, k-eo-e-Øv C¿^m-\. k-tlm-Z-c≥: a-laq-Zv h-b-\m-Sv.

Ip-g¬-a-μw: I-f-s∏-´n A-{Im-Sv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy I-a-em-£n (74).

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: hym-]mcn A-W-¶q¿ s\¬-°-f tdm-Un-se cm-Pp-sj-´n. im-c-Zmw-_ U-°-td-j≥ D-S-a-bm-Wv. `m-cy: D-j. a-°ƒ: A-\¥-Ir-jv-W≥, e-£oi≥, A-\p-cm-[, sh-¶tS-jv.

A¶½

G-en-bm-½

inh-cm-P³

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n

a-¯m-bn a-¯m-bn

Ip-cp-hn-f

Xn-cph√: h-f-™-h-´w A-cp-hm-Ø-e-bn¬ ]-tcX\mb F kn F-{_-lman-s‚ `m-cy A-∂-Ω (85) U¬lnbn¬ \n-cym-Xbmbn. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v U¬ln Xp-•-°v-_m-Zv {In-kv-Xy≥ sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ: X-¶®≥ (U¬ln), Xºn, en n, ]m-kv ‰¿ F F h¿-Kokv, ]-tcX\m-b tPm-k-^v. a-c-p-a°ƒ: kqk-Ω, X-¶Ω, en n, sI hn tPmk^v, an-\n.

Xn-cph√: Ip-‰∏pg ss]\pw-aq-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b tIm-in im--ap-th-en-s‚ `mcy G-en-bm-Ω (87). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 11.30\v ap-Øq¿ sF.]n.kn. {In-kv-Xy≥ h¿-jn-∏v S-h¿ k-`-bp-sS ]m-a-e-bnep-≈ sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ: Ip-™p-tamƒ, eoe, tPmbn, sIm-®p-a-dn-bmΩ. a-cp-a°ƒ: kmw imap-th¬, F sP tP-°_v, tPm¿Pv, ]-tc-X\m-b Fw hn h¿-Ko-kv.

s\√napIƒ: ISº\mSv hS°v APn`h\Øn¬ Pn inhcmP≥ (64). `mcy: sN√Ω. a°ƒ: APnIpam¿ (KpPdmØv), A\n¬Ipam¿ (Zp_mbv). acpa°ƒ: thWn, {]oX.

sXm-Sp-]p-g: H-f-a-‰w e£w-ho-Sv- tIm-f-\n ]p-‰≥am-°¬ ]n ]n Ir-jv-W≥Ip-´n (55). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v-. a-°ƒ: kp-`m-jv-, Aºn-fn, a-Rv-Pp. sXm-Sp-]pg Su-Wn¬ h¿-j-ß-fmbn hn-hn-[ Zn-\-]-{X-ß-fpsS hn-X-c-W-°m-c-\m-bncp-∂p.

sXm-Sp-]p-g: tIm-em-\n ao-º-\m-Øv Fw Fw Ipcp-hn-f (Ip-´-∏≥ ˛ 79). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. `m-cy: G-en-°p-´n, s\-Snb-im-e h-c-Ip-Im-embn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a°ƒ: am-Xyp, A-Pn, sdPn, _n-Pn, jn-Pn. a-cp-a°ƒ: km-P≥, kn-dn-b°v, tPm-tam≥, {So-k, kPo-X.

cmw-`-«v

F-S-h-Æ: ]-Ø-∏n-cn-bw tN-∂m-bv-°p-∂n-se Al-Ω-ZvIp-´n-bp-sS `m-cy ^m-Øn-a(79).

ap-´w: æm-°p-gn-bn¬ aØm-bn a-Øm-bn (Ip™v˛ 95). kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂p ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v ap-´w kn-_n-Kn-cn sk‚ v sk-_m-Ãy≥ ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn-se IpSpw-_ I-√-d-bn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b t{Xkym-Ω, aq-∂n-e-hv h-St° Nn-d-bm-Øv Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: a-Ømbn, tP-°-_v, tPm-k-^v, A-∂-Ω, tUm. tXm-a-kv, tUm. tPm¿-Pv, ]-tc-Xbm-b kn-ÿ F¬-k {So-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶Ω, ta-cn, Pm≥-kn, tZ-hky, sP-kn, A-\n-‰.

I-a-em-£n

_-Zn-b-Sp-°: _o-P-¥-Sp° s]-c-ap-K ho-´n¬ cmw`-´v (52).

sI ]n l-ao-Zv lm-Pn sXm-Sp-]p-g: D-≠-πm-hv {]-tZ-i-sØ ]u-c-{]-ap-J\pw ap-kv-enweo-Kv {]-h¿Ø-I-\p-am-b Ip-∏-t»cn¬ sI ] -- n l-ao-Zv lm-Pn (67). D-≠-πm-hv ap-lv-bn±o≥ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬ J-_-d-S-°n. Zo¿-L-Im-ew ap-kv-enw eo-Kv im-Jm-I-Ωn-‰n-bwKw, ap-lv-bn-±o≥ ]-≈n ]cn-]m-e-\-k-an-Xn D-]-tZ-iI t_m¿-Uv sN-b¿-am≥ F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. kp-ss_-Zbm-Wv `m-cy. a-°ƒ: sI F-®v \u-jm-Zv au-e-hn Iu-k-cn (C-amw ss\\m¿ a-kv-Pn-Zv Im-™n-c∏-≈n), sI.F-®v. sj-co^v (D-≠-πm-hv ap-lv-bn±o≥ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv sk{I-´-dn), jw-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-ko-a, k-\od, kp-[o¿. ap-kv-eo eo-Kv kw-ÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn Sn Fw k-enw, Pn-√m-{]-knU‚ v sI Fw F jp°q¿, P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn Fw F-kv ap-l-Ω-Zv, \-Kc-k-`m sN-b¿-am≥ Sn sP tPm-k-^v F-∂n-h¿ h-kXn k-μ¿-in-®p.

cm-Pp-sj-«n

J-Zo-P

^m-¯n-a

th-em-bp-[³

Pm-\-Inam-\-¥-hm-Sn-: Im-´n-°pfw- A-Ωm-\n-bn-se- ]-tcX-\m-b- Xm-\n-°p-gn-bn¬C- sI- Ip-am-c-s‚- `m-cybpw- ap-≥ Xn-cp-s\-√n- {Kma-∏-©m-b-Øw-K-hp-am-bPm-\-In- (77)-.a-°ƒ-:- Sn- sI- hn-P-b-≥,kp-tc-jv,- Hm-a-\.- a-cp-a°ƒ-:- Ip-i-e-Ip-am-cn,ssj-e.-

ssa-Yn-en ]-t´¬-Øm-gw: kn.]n.Fw h-fb - \ - m-Sv ap≥ tem°¬ sk-{I-´d - n Im-´n-t»cn th-em-bp-[s - ‚ `m-cy ssa-Yn-en (78). a-°ƒ: ]pjv] - e - X - (anw-kv B-ip-]{Xn), do-\, hn-t\m-Zv, Po-P, j-^n (sI.Un.kn _m¶v, ]-¥o-c¶ - m-hv).

A-_q-_-¡À ap-kv-eymÀ -

C-Sp-°n: I¿-Wm-S-I-bn-se Ip-S-In¬ a-c-Øn¬-\n∂p ho-Wv a-e-bm-fn bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. D-∏p-X-d B-‰pNm¬Ip-∂-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^n-s‚ a-I≥ sdPn-tam≥(38) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Ip-d-®p-Im-e-am-bn sd-Pn-tam≥ tIm-gn-t°m-Sv H-cp _-‘p-hn-s\m-∏-am-bn-cp-∂p Xm-a-kw. A-hn-sS- \n∂m-Wv Ip-S-In¬ a-cw-ap-dn-°p-∂ ]-Wn-°pt]m-b-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-b-Xm-bm-Wv hn-hcw. _-‘p-°ƒ Ip-S-In-te-°v t]m-bn-´p-≠v. am-Xm-hv: a-dn-bm-Ω. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tPm¿-Pv, A-∏-®≥, t{Kkn, tPm-bn, jm-Pn, k-Pn, ]-tc-X-\m-b k-Æn.

ss_-¡v a-dn-ªp bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p; H-cmÄ-¡v Kp-cp-X-c ]-cn-¡v

a-\-s°m-Sn: \n-b-{¥Wwhn-´ ss_-°v ]m-StØ-°v a-dn-™p bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. H-cmƒ-°v Kp-cp-X-cam-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. a-\s°m-Sn In-g-°pw-]p-dw Gtem-Øv h-gn-bn-se tIm-dº-Øv P-b-s‚ a-I≥ Pnjn¬(18) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. G-tem-Øv h-gn-bn-se i¶-cm-b-Øv ho-´n¬ D-Z-b≥ a-I≥ \n-hn-s\ (18) ]-cn°p-I-tfm-sS Pn-√mB-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-\-s°m-Sn A-ø-∏-t£-{XØn-\-Sp-Øv ]p-≈v tdm-Un-em-Wv A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-bXv. tdm-Un-s‚h-i-sØ kp-c-£m`n-Øn-bn¬ C-Sn-®v ss_-°p a-dn-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]p-e¿-s® aq-t∂m-sS ]-t{Sm-fnMn-\ph-∂ A-¥n-°m-Sv t]m-en-kv tdm-Un¬ A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ In-S-°p-∂ \n-hn-s\-bm-Wv B-Zyw I-≠-Xv. ss_-°n-s‚ sl-Uv-sse-‰v I-Øn-\n¬-°p∂-Xp-I-≠v Po-∏p \n-dp-Øn t\m-°n-b-t∏m-gm-Wv A]-I-S-hn-h-c-a-dn-bp-∂-Xv. D-S-s\ C-cp-h-tc-bpw Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-®p-sh-¶n-epw Pn-jn¬ a-cn-®ncp-∂p. tÃ-Pv sU-°-td-j≥ ]-Wn-°m-cm-Wv C-cp-hcpw. Pn-jn¬ Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy ÿm-]-\-Øn-se tPm-en-°m-c-\p-am-Wv. Pn-jn-en-s‚ A-Ω: ssj-e-P. k-tlm-Z-cn: Pn-\n.

C-Sp°n: \m-ep-ap-°v s\√n-°p-t∂¬ h¿-Kokv (t_-_n˛ 74). kw-kv°m-cw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 11\v \m-ep-ap-°v \-{k-Øphm-en tlm-fn ^m-an-en ]≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. Xr-iq¿: {]-i-kv-X tlm-°n Xm-cw In-g-t°-tIm-´ `mcy: G-en-°p´n, im-¥n- tXm-´m≥ ssh-Zy≥ a-I≥ t]mƒ tU-hn-kv tXm-´m≥ {Kmw tIm-°-∏-≈n¬ Ip(60) A-¥-cn-®p. kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. ku-Øv CSpw-_mwKw. ¥y≥ _m-¶v am-t\-P-cm-bn-cp-∂ t]mƒ tU-hn-kv tXm-´m≥ Im-en-°-‰v bq-Wn-th-gv-kn-‰n tlm-°n Sow cm-[m-a-WnIym-]v-‰-\m-bpw tI-c-f tÃ-‰v tlm-°n Sow ssh-kv Xp-d-hq-¿-: ]-©m-b-ØvI-®³ \m-emw- hm¿-Un¬- A-d-bv- Iym-]v-‰-\m-bpw sk‚ v tXm-a-kv tIm-tf-Pv tlm-°n \m-dm-Øv: B-\-μ-Xo¿°¬- ]-tc-X-\m-b hn-izSow Iym-]v-‰-\m-bpw {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: am¿-K-c\m-Y-s‚ `m-cy- cm-[m-a∞ \-K¿ tIm-f-\n‰v. a-°ƒ: tdm-kv, A-∂. a-cp-a-I≥: jm-tcm¨ tXm-aWn -(-80).- a-°ƒ-: A-P°p k-ao-]w hn sI Ikv ]-≈n-°p-t∂¬. b≥ -(dn-´. A-kn.- U-b-dÆ≥ (78). Œ¿- Pn-√m- hy-h-km-b-tI`m-cy: {io-a-Xn. {μw),- hn-P-b,- hn-\-b≥a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, D-a. Xr-iq¿: tlm-´-en¬ Nm-b-Ip-Sn-°m≥ I-b-dn-b Bƒ (sI-.F-kv-.C-._n. ssXa-cp-a-I≥: N-{μ≥. Ip-g-™p-ho-Wv a-cn-®p. ap-Sn-t°m-Sv ]-f-fn-bn-se ap°m-´p-t»-cn-)-,- Kn-cn-P,- ]tc-X-\m-b hn-t\m-Zv,- P-e- {In-bpw Ip-∂w-Ip-fw Nm-en-t»-cn kz-tZ-in-bp-am-b apP,- hn-Pn.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-: s]m- Po-_v d-“m≥(50) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se ]-Ø-c-tbm-sS i-‡≥ Ãm∂-Ω,- tKm-]n-\m-Y≥ (dn´.- A-[ym-]-I≥) -P-b-¥n- ≥Un-ep-≈ tlm-´-en¬ Nm-b-Ip-Sn-°m≥ I-b-dnb apPo-_v d-“m≥ Ip-g-™p-ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. hn-h-c-a(A-[ym-]n-I F-kv-.kn.F-kv-.F-®v-.F-kv-, -h-f-aw- dn-s™-Øn-b B-IvSv-kv {]-h¿-Ø-I¿ Pn-√m B-ipK-ew)-,- c-a-W≥- (C≥-Iw- ]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. Sm-Iv-kv- Hm-^o-k¿ F-dWm-Ip-fw-)- B-i,- kt¥m-jv,- do-\.- I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: ss_-°-n-Sn-®v Nn-In¬-k-bn¬ Bbn-cp-∂ hr-≤≥ a-cn-®p. Ip-e-ti-J-c-]p-cw tIm-´-°sNÃ-½-]n-Å ∏p-dw h-S-°-S-Øv h-S-°-Xn¬ ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ sN-´nXn-cp-h-\-¥-]pcw: t\-aw bm¿(62) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Ip-f-°p-Sn-bq¿-t°m-Ww I-gn-™Zn-h-kw ]p-Xn-b-Im-hv Im-´n¬-I-S-hv tdmN-{μ-hn-em-k-Øn¬ ]-tcUn¬ I-h-dm-´v P-Mv-j-\n¬-h-®v h-gn-bm-{X-°m-c-\mX\m-b X-¶-∏≥ ]n-≈-bpb ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ sN-´n-bm-sc ss_-°n-Sn-®v ho-gv-ØpsS `m-cy sN√-Ω-]n-≈ I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-I-S-sØØp-S¿-∂v B-e-∏p-g sa(90). Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®a°ƒ: th-e-∏≥ \mb¿ ¶n-epw C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s®aq-∂n-\v a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: e(dn-´. sI.F-kv.-C._n. Hm£v-an-°p-´n. a-I≥: A-P-b-Ip-am¿. I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n h¿-kn-b¿), N-{μa-Xn At]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp. Ω, cm-a-N-{μ≥ \mb¿, k- _m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-Å In-fn-am-\q¿: sN-Ω-c-Øpc-kzXn, cm-tP-{μ≥ ap-°v en-kn `-h-\n¬ _m\mb¿, hn-\-b-Ip-am-c≥ I-g-°q-´w: Xp-º ]p-Xp\mb¿, C-μn-cm-`mbn. a-cp- e-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈ (80). `mcy: Ir-jvW-Ω. a°ƒ: h¬ ]p-c-bn-S-Øn¬ tPma°ƒ: ]p-\n-Xm tZhn, enkn, tPmjv. a-cp-aI≥: ¨-k¨ (55) I-S-en-¬ ao_m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈ (dncm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b¿. ≥]n-Sn-°p-∂Xn-\n-S-bn¬ ´. t]m-en-kv), kp-[mtZhn, A-∏p-°p-´≥ a-cn-®p. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v ap-l-½-Zv \mb¿, Ip-am-cn tZhn ssk-a≥ tKm-a-kn-t\m(tem-°¬ ^-≠v Un-∏m¿- ]m-e-°m-Sv: ssP-\n-ta-Sv sSm-∏w ss^-_¿ h-≈´v-sa‚ v), cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥ B-e-°-]-d-ºv ap-l-Ω-Zv Øn¬ ao≥-]n-Sn-°m≥ \m-b¿. (83). `m-cy: k-^n-b. t]m-I-sh h-≈-Øn¬ hoWv ]-cn-t°-‰p. B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p-sh-¶n-epw a-cWw kw-`-hn-®p. Xp-º a-¬-ky-sØm-gn-em-fn hn-I-k\-t£-a k-l-I-c-W kw-Lw `-c-W-k-an-Xn-bw-Kw, P-\-ssa-{Xn I-S-tem-c Pm-{K-X k-an-Xn-bw-K-hp-am-Wv. `m-cy: tkm-^n-b. a-°ƒ: P-Ãn≥, tPm-fn, dm-Wn a-cpa-°ƒ {In-Ão-\, kn-_n.

tlm-¡n Xm-cw t]mÄ tXm-«m³ A-´-cn-¨p

Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v ]-cn-t¡-ä hr-²³ a-cn-¨p

tPm-k-^v

tSmw Pn tPmÀ-Pv

do-¯m-½ tPm¬

eo-em-a-Wn

A-_q-_-¡À

tN¿-Ø-e: tN¿-Ø-e \K-c-k-` 31˛mw hm¿-Uv htS-t°-cn¬ hn -sP -tPmk-^v (Ip-™q-™v-˛62). kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. ktlm-Z-c-߃: h¿-Ko-kv,F¬-k-Ω,- kq-k-Ω,B‚-Wn,- Ip-cy≥,- tam-fn, tPm-fn.

tN¿-Ø-e: ssX-°m-´pt»-cn ]-©m-b-Øv 12˛mw hm¿-Uv {km-ºn-bv-°¬ sIm-‰n-e-ßm-´v Hu-tk-^v tPm¿-Pn-s‚ a-I≥ tSmw Pn tPm¿-Pv (-Pn-\p-˛36). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 3.30\v ssX-°m-´p-t»-cn sk‚ v B‚-Wo-kv ]-≈n- skantØcnbn¬. `m-cy: tPmbv-kn, D-f-h-bv-∏v h-´-Ø-d Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. amXm-hv: en-√n-°p-´n. ktlm-Z-c-߃: tPm-jn,-knÿ en-kv-_ F-^v-knkn.

tN¿-Ø-e: tN¿-Ø-e \K-c-k-` 34˛mw hm¿-Uv shfn-bn¬ hn kn tPm-Wns‚ `m-cy do-Øm-Ω tPm¨ (78). kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: ^n-teman-\ (ap≥-kn-∏¬ tIm-SXn, tN¿-Ø-e),- F¬-kΩ,- tdm-kn-en (-{]-Xym-i Iym≥-k¿ sk‚¿), ]tc-X-\m-b Nm-t°m. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tPm-kv sN-dpsh-≈n-sh-fn-bn¬,- Ipcym-t°m-kv A-Ω-t©-cn,tPm-k-^v I-dp-I-sh-fn,sIm-®p-t{X-ky (A-cpWm-N¬{]-tZ-iv).

tN¿-Ø-e: tN¿-Ø-e ap\n-kn-∏¬ 16˛mw hm¿-Uv sI ]n a-Wn-b-\m-Nm-cnbp-sS `m-cy eo-em-a-Wn (61).kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn.a-°ƒ: am-b,- _n-μp, -atl-jv.- a-cp-a-°ƒ: _n-Pptam≥,- {]-Pn-Xv.

h-Sp-X-e: B-ep-¶-sh-fn Fw F A-_q-_-°¿ (70). `m-cy: _o-hn. a-°ƒ: ku-Z-Øv, l-k-\-Øv, kp¬-^-Øv, kp¬-^n°¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ln-em¬, \m-k¿, bm-k¿, kpep-tamƒ.

am-[-hn

cm-[m-a-Wn

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: ]m-dm-ense ]-tc-X-\m-b Np-¶°m-c≥ A-Nyp-X-s‚ `mcy I-tÆm-Øpw-I-≠n am-[-hn (97). a-°ƒ: ku-an-\n, eo-e, cm-a-N{μ≥, Zn-hm-I-c≥, kp-[mI-c≥, iym-a-f, ]-tc-Xbm-b i-Ip-¥-f. a-cp-a°ƒ: _m-e≥, k-Xn, kp-a, do-\.

B-e-Øq¿: hm-\q¿ s\Sp-tßm-´p]-d-ºv \mepsk-‚ v ho-´n¬ Nm-anbp-sS a-Iƒ cm-[m-a-Wn F-∂ cm-[ (64). k-tlmZ-cn-am¿: X-¶w, e-£v-an.

i-io-{µ³ I-°m-Sv: tem-´-dnsØmgn-em-fn-bm-bn-cp-∂ X-ºpcm-¶-≠n i-io-{μ≥ (68). `m-cy: I-\-I.

A-ÐpÂ- I-cow \n-e-ºq¿: F-c-™n-aßm-Sv th-t´-t°m-Sn-se ]p-Ø-e-Øv A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow (54).

ap-l-½-Zv lm-Pn F-S-∏mƒ: F-kv.Sn.bp. ae-∏p-dw Pn-√m ap≥ tPm. sk-{I-´-dn ]n hn ap-l-ΩZv lm-Pn (68).

th-e-¸³ Ip-g¬-a-μw: B-en-¶¬ ho-´n¬ th-e-∏≥ (73).

\n-jm-¯v bm-¡q-_v \-Sp-h-´w: \-Sp-h-´w a-tXgv-kv hn-√-bn¬ \n-jmØv bm-°q-_v (38).

ao³]n-Sn¯¯n-\n-sS a-cn-¨p

tIm-h-f-¯v hn-tZ-i_m-en-I a-cn¨p

A-Uz. Sn hn tPmÀ-Pv Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sIm´m-c-°-c _m-dn-se {]-apJ A-`n-`m-j-I-\m-bn-cp∂ sIm-´m-c-°-c I-cn-°w sX-t°-°-c Ip-gn-bn-¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw A-Uz. Sn hn tPm¿-Pv (64). tI-c-fm tIm¨-{K-kv a-fi-ew {]kn-U‚pw Ip-gn-bn-¬ IpSpw-_-tbm-Kw {]-knU‚pambn-cp-∂p. sIm-´mc-°-c _m-dn-se A-`n-`mj-I-bpw ap≥ F.Pn.]nbp-am-b sN-ß-∂q¿ ]-gbn-S-Øv kq-k≥ tPm¿-Pv B-Wv `m-cy. G-I-a-Iƒ: \n-[n kq-k≥ tPm¿-Pv. acp-a-I≥ B¬-hn≥ (sF._n.-Fw, bq-tdm-∏v).

tIm-h-fw: 12 h-b-kp-Im-cnbmb hn-tZ-i-_m-en-I tIm-h-f-Øv \n-cym-X-bm-bn. ^n≥-em‚ v kz-tZ-in-\n ]m-h-d-´n: a-cp-X-bq¿ t£- en-_¿-´n A-tdm-d jn-t∏m-f (16) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. am{X-Øn-\p k-ao-]w h-´w-]- Xm-hv C¿-a jn-t∏m-f-tbm-sSm-∏w Un-kw-_¿ 22\mWv en-_¿-´n tIm-h-f-Øv F-Øn-b-Xv. hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A∏p-Æn a-I≥ A-tim-I≥ Xm-a-kn-®p-h-c-sh i-\n-bm-gv-N A-h-i-bm-bn ho-gp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kz-Im-cym-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn(54). en-cn-s° _m-en-I Rm-b-dm-gv-N a-cn-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw `m-cy: kp-\n-X-. a-°ƒ: A-In, B-Xn-c. tam¿-®-dn-bn-em-Wv.

kpaXn

ap-¯p-B-imcn

JZo-P

Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

am-\p-«n

A-¸p-®n

A-tim-I³

sh-≈d-S: h-b-en-߬ πm-¶m-´n¬ ho-´n¬ tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW-s‚ `m-cy kp-a-Xn (60). a-°ƒ: X¶w, tam-l≥-Ip-am¿. acp-a-°ƒ: tKm-]n-\mYv, KoX.

In-fn-am-\q¿: t]m-ß-\mSv ]-g-b-N-¥ sN-°m-et°m-Ww ]p-Ø≥ ho´n¬ ap-Øp-B-im-cn (78). `mcy: kp-`{Z. a°ƒ: IrØn-h-m-k≥, D-j-kp-tc{μ≥, kp-\n¬-Ip-am¿. acp-a-°ƒ: Xp-fkn, kp-tc{μ≥, cm-P-a-Wn.

am-f: sIm-®p-IS-hv sImXp-hn¬ Ip-™p-ap-l-ΩZn-s‚ `m-cy J-Zo-P(85). J_-dS-°w C-∂pcm-hnse 11\v sIm-®p-IS-hv ap-lnbp-±o≥ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬. a°ƒ: aPoZv, jm-\-hmkv, sFjm_n, kpl-d, A-kv-a, _o-\, ko-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: \-ko-d, koa.

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: tIm-´-∏-Sn sh-≈-d Ip-cym-t°m-kv (81). tIm-´-∏-Sn ku-Øv C-¥y≥ kn≥-Un-t°-‰v am-t\-P¿, hn-P-b tIm¿]-td-j≥, ]o-∏nƒ-kv Ipdo-kv F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ta-co-kv. a-°ƒ: do-\n, cmPn, ssj-\n, en-‰n, tPmk-^v, em¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h¿-Ko-kv, k-Æn, sF-hn, ]-tc-X-cm-b tP-°-_v, t]m-fn.

Kp-cp-hm-bq-¿: I-≠m-Wt»-cn \-º-gn-°m-Sv h-Sp-Xe ]-tc-X-\m-b B-im-cn Ip-™-∏p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ am-\p-´n(66). k-tlm-Z-c≥: Ip-´-∏≥. sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: Im-´m-°pfw ]-Sn-™m-dv ]p-Xn-tb-gØv Im¿-Øn-tI-b≥(75). `m-cy: kp-aw-K-fw. a-°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn-Xv-Ip-am¿, a-Rv-Pp-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Pn-Xv-Ipam¿, A-\n-e.

Kp-cp-hm-bq-¿: sNm-Δ-√q¿]-Sn sI.Fw.F. sh-Pn-‰_nƒ-kv D-S-a I-≠m-Wt»-cn sIm-≠-cmw-h-f∏n¬ A-∏p-Æn(87). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂pcm-hn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: im-c-Z. a-°ƒ: Zn-hm-Ic≥, A-\-¥≥, k-Xy≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, an-\n, Ko-X, {]-Zo-]v, k-t¥m-jv, kt\m-jv, A-Pn-X≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-a, cm-Pn, N-{μnI, kv-an-X, kp-tc-jv, aZ≥-em¬, ssj-\n, kp_n-X, tc-jv-a, Zn-hy.

tim-`-\

am-Xyp

A-½-Zv

sN-∂-tem-Sv: ]p-Xn-bmw]p-dw ]n H am-Xyp (68). `m-cy: eo-em-Ω.

sh-≈-ap-≠: sh-´≥ AΩ-Zv (60). `m-cy: ^m-Øna.

I-cp-W-m-I-c³ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sIm-f-h√q¿ t]m-en-kv kv-t‰j≥ dn-´. F-kv.sF I≠w-Ip-∂v kp-I-\y \nhm-kn¬ ]n I-cp-W-m-Ic≥ (63). `m-cy: kp-io-e. a-°ƒ: Nn-¥m-a-Wn, kln-\ , kv-an-X, kp-[o-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-ta-i≥ , {]`m-I-c≥ , c-ho-{μ≥ (A[ym-]-I≥).

A-¶-¡p-«nam-\-¥-hm-Sn-: Im-´n-°pfw- tN-eq-cn-se- ]-tc-X\m-b- C-√n-°¬- Nmt°m- kv-‰o-^-s‚- `m-cyA-∂-°p-´n -(85).- kw-kvIm-cw- C-∂p cm-hn-se10\v- tN-eq¿- sk-‚ v- sk_m-kv-‰y-≥ ]-≈n- sk-antØ-cn-bn¬.-

[-\-e-£v-anta-em-‰q¿: Io-gm-‰q¿ h-S°pw-X-e, h-S-°pw ]p-dØv kp-μ-c≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy [-\-e-£v-an (63). a°ƒ: kp-Z¿-i≥, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿, kp-[o¿. a-cpa-°ƒ: jn-Pv-\, cm-Pn, cmP-e-£v-an.

bp-h F³-Pn-\o-bÀ Bip-]-{Xn-bn a-cn-¨p; NnInÂkm¸n-g-sh-¶v _Ôp-¡Ä I-f-a-t»-cn: Xm-Sn-sb-√n-\v i-kv{X-{In-b- sN-øm≥ B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-® bp-h sF.Sn. F≥-Pn-\o-b¿ a-cn-®p. A-\-kv-Xoky \¬-In-b-Xn-se ]n-g-hm-Wv ac-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂m-tcm-]n-®v _‘p-°ƒ B-ep-h t]m-en-kn¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In. I-cn-∏m-bn tdmUn¬ ]p-jv-]-aw-K-ew ho-´n¬ ]n Un k-Æn-bp-sS a-I≥ sU-∂n k-Æn (26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. _mw-•q-cn-se sF.Sn.ÿm-]\-Øn¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂ sU∂n Rm-b-dm-gv-N-bm-Wv A-h-[n°v \m-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. I-f-a-t»-cnbn-se -tUm-Œ-dp-sS \n¿-tZ-i-{]Im-cw i-kv-{X-{In-b-bv-°m-bn Bep-h-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn-te-°p t]m-bn. B-ip-]-{Xn-

bn-se Xn-tb-‰¿ hm-S-I-bv-s°-SpØm-Wv i-kv-{X-{In-b-°p-≈ H-cp°-߃ \-S-Øn-b-sX-∂pw k¿P≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-°p ]p-d-Øp-≈ tUm-Œ-dm-bn-cp-s∂-∂pw _-‘p°ƒ ]-d-™p. F-∂m¬, A-\kv-Xo-ky \¬-In-b-Xv B-ip-]-

{Xn-bn-se tUm-Œ¿ B-sW-∂pw A-h¿ ]-d-™p. Rm-b-dm-gv-N D®-bv-°v 12\m-Wv sU-∂n-sb Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®-Xv. 4.30 Hm-sS \n-e h-j-fm-b-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v sU-∂n-sb F-d-Wm-Ipf-sØ a-s‰m-cp kz-Im-cy B-ip]-{Xn-bn-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]msb¶nepw acWw kw`-hn®p. t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jta a-c-W-Im-c-Ww hy‡amhqF∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. ar-XtZ-lw B-e-∏p-g sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´w sNøpw. kw-kv-Im-cw 18\v sIm-√w Xg-b sk-‚ v.tXm-a-kv Hm¿-ØtUm-Iv-kv ]-≈n. am-Xm-hv: tam-fn. k-tlm-Z-c≥: _n-∂n.

kp-Ip-am-c³ sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: F-S-hn-eßv ssI-X-°m-Sv kp-Ipam-c≥(65). `m-cy: ]-fln\n. a-°ƒ-: kp-_o-jv, kp-[o-jv.

ImÀ-¯n-tI-b³

Ip-dp-h: ]-tc-X-bm-b kn F-®v tZ-h-In-bp-sS a-Iƒ tim-`-\ (54). `¿-Øm-hv: sIm-bn-te-cy≥ h¬-ke≥. a-°ƒ: Aw-Pn-Øv (Kƒ^v), jn-an-Øv, k-¶o¿Ø-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Nm-μn-\n, ]-tc-X-cm-b N{μ≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, cm-tP{μ≥.

bp-hm-hv Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

{io-aq-e-\-K-cw: {]-`m-X-k-hm-cn-°n-d-ßn-b bp-hm-hv tdm-Un¬ Ip-g-™p-ho-Wp a-cn-®p. sNm-Δ-c sImt≠m-´n ta-\-t®-cn ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-√-∏-s‚ a-I≥ jm-Pn(43) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. cm-hn-se 5.30 \p \-S-°m-\n-d-ßn-b jm-Pn sImt≠m-´n tdm-Un¬ Ip-g-™pho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]-cnk-c-hm-kn-Iƒ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c£n-°m-\m-bn-√.F-d-Wm-Ip-f-sØ kz-Im-cy {Sm-h¬kv ÿm-]-\-Øn-se ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: sjm¿-Wq¿ Ip-f-∏n-≈n ap-f-bm-Sn-∏-d-ºn¬ cm-tP-izcn. a-°ƒ: iymw, iym-an-en. am-Xm-hv: kp-Ip-am-cn.

X-an-gv-\m-«n _-kv a-dn-ªv a-cn-¨-h-cp-sS ar-X-tZ-l§Ä \m-«n-se-¯n-¨p N-hd - : th-fm-¶Æ - n Xo¿-∞m-S\ - Ø - n-\n-sS Xan-gv\ - m-´n-se cm-a\ - m-Y] - p-cØ - v Sq-dn-Ãv _-kv adn-™v a-cn-®h - c - p-sS ar-Xt- Z-lß - ƒ \m-´n-seØn-®p. tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w ta-°m-Sv B¬{Un≥ hn-√b - n¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b t\m-_¿-´n-s‚ a-Iƒ Pq-en-‰m ta-cn (A-Jn-e˛- 18), tIm-bn-hn-f ]m-hp-ºm X-´m-s‚ h-S° - X - n¬ am-Xyp˛-Pk - n Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-fpw tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w ta°m-Sv tb-ip-Zm-kv `-h\ - n¬ tdm-_¿-´v a-cn-bms‚ `m-cy-bp-am-b Pn-jva - am-Xyp(21) F-∂n-hcp-sS ar-Xt- Z-lß - f - m-Wv C-∂s - e cm-{Xn-tbmsS kz-tZ-ia - m-b N-hd - b - n-se-Øn-®X - v. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v \-S° - pw. sh-≈n-bm-gv-Nbm-Wv tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w C-S-h-I hn-Im-cn-bp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep-≈ kw-Lw th-fm-¶-Æn-bn-te-°v t]m-b-Xv. a-Sßn h-cpw-hg - n Rm-bd - m-gvN - cm-{Xn X-an-gv\ - m-´n-

A-Jn-e Pn-jv-am am-Xyp se cm-a\ - m-Y] - p-cØ - n-\v k-ao-]w ]m-º≥ ]me-Øn-\-Sp-Øv C-h¿ k-©-cn-® _-kv a-dnbpI-bm-bn-cp∂p. A-]I - S- Ø - n¬ 27 t]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w C-Sh - I - b - n-se ssI-°m-c≥ k-Æn tPm-k-^v, tIm-hn¬tØm-´w kz-tZ-in-I-fm-b s^-en-Iv-kv, tUmWn, sk-” F-∂n-h-¿ Kp-cp-X-c ]-cn-°pItfmsS a-[p-c sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬

NnIn¬k-bn-emWv. tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w sk‚ v B≥-{Uq-kv tZ-hm-e-b C-S-h-I hn-Im-cn ^m. A-cp¨ B-dm-S≥, ss{U-h¿ tIm-bn-hnf tPm¿-Pv tPm-k^ - v, ¢o-\¿ - N-hd - kz-tZ-in aWn-I-WvT≥, Xo¿∞m-S-I-cm-b tIm-hn¬tØm-´w ta-°m-Sv sN-dp-t»-cn-`m-Kw kz-tZ-inI-fm-b kv‰ - ≥-en, B≥-kn k-‰m-en, sUm-a\ - n°v, kva - n-Pn, {^m≥-kn-kv, _m-_p-Zm-kv, Ko-a {In-kv‰ - n, A-∂ Im-Xd - n≥, _n-μp k-Æn, e-b, jm¿-e‰ - v, sj-dn≥, {In-kv‰ - n, am-Kn, tdm-_n≥, s^-dn-b, hn-ae - m s^-dn-b, h¿-Ko-kv, tPm¨k¨, kv-an-X tPm¨-k≥, {In-kv-‰-^¿, a©p, sk-_m-Ãy≥, eo-\m sk-_m-Ãy≥, tXm-ak - v, s^-en-Ivk - v, km≥-{Um, P-\‰ - v, BÃn≥, ^m-Øn-Ωm, tdm-_¿-´v a-dn-bm≥ F-∂nh¿ sIm-√w, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw Pn-√-I-fn-se B-ip-]{- Xn-If - n¬ Nn-In¬-kb - n-em-Wv.

s{S-bn³ bm-{Xbv-¡n-sS a-cn-¨p Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: s{S-bn≥ bm-{Xbv°n-sS X-an-gv-\m-Sv kz-tZ-in lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw-aqew a-cn-®p. Xan-gv-\m-Sv \m-a-°¬ kn¬-hmws]-´n Ir-jv-W-]p-c-sØ ho-c-apØp-hn-s‚ a-I≥ cm-P-tKm-]memWv (57) a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS- aw-K-em]p-c-Øv \n-∂p sN-ss∂-bn-te°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ s{S-bn\nem-Wv kw-`-hw. Ip-g-™p-hoW cm-P-tKm-]m-en-s\ s{S-bn≥ Im-k¿-tIm-s´-Øn-b-t∏mƒ sdbn¬-th t]m-en-kpw ^-b¿t^m-gv-kpw Im-k¿-tIm-Uv P-\d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

14 P\p-hcn 2014 sNmΔ

Dwd XoÀ°m-SI a-Zo-\-bn \ncym-X-bmbn ]n F³ Fw A-l-½-Z-tv Im-b

Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xo-³-

ap-l-½-Zv

a-¯m-bn-

tXm-a-kv

B-bn-i

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: I-em- kmwkvI - m-cn-I c - m-{„o-b cw-KsØ \n-dkm-∂n-[y-am-bncp-∂ ]n F≥ Fw A-lΩ - ZvtIm-b (74). tIm-gn- t- °ms´ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]{- Xnbn¬ C-∂s - e D-®t- bm-sSbm-bn-cp-∂p A-¥yw. ]-∂nb-¶c - k - vt- \-lh - o-Yn-bn-se h-kX - n-bn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿-i\-Øn-\p-h® - tijw J_d-S° - n. P-\X - m-Zƒ Pn-√mssh-kv {]-kn-U‚m-bncp∂p. Fw.F-®v.F {Um-am-‰nIv A-tkm-kn-tb-j\ - n¬ kzm-X{- ¥y-ka - c - t- k-\m-\n ]n ]n D-a¿-tIm-b, I-hnkm¿ Xp-Sß - n-bh - t- cm-sSm∏w \m-SI - c - w-KØ - v {]-h¿Øn-®p. tIm¨-{K-kv {]h¿-ØI - \ - m-bn-cp-∂ ]n F≥ Fw tIm¨-{K-kv ]nf¿-∂t- ∏mƒ kw-LS- \mtIm¨-{K- n-epw ]n∂o-Sv P-\X - m-Zf - n-epw {]-h¿Øn-®p. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv \-Kc-k` - b - n-te-°v a¬-kc - n-®n´pap≠v. `m-cy: kzm-X{- ¥yk-ac - - tk-\m-\n ] - p-\Øn¬ A-_p- km-ln-_ns‚ a-Iƒ _o-hn. a-Iƒ: ep-_v\. a-cp-aI - ≥: ]-tc-X\m-b A-en- A-Iv_ - ¿.

ap-≠-t°m-Sv-:- ]m-te-≥-]Sn-b-≥ Ip-���n-sam-bv-Xo≥ (88)-.- `m-cy-:- \-^o-k.- a°ƒ-:- ap-l-Ω-Zv- (dn-bm-Zv-),A-_q-_-°¿- (Pn-±-),- A–p-√,- ]m-Øp-Ω,- B-an\,- B-bn-i,- JZo-P,- Bky.- a-cp-a-°ƒ:- ap-l-Ω-Zv,a-Ω-Zv,- A-l-Ω-Zv,- l-\o^,- ap-l-Ω-Zv,- D-kv-am-≥.J-_-d-S-°w- C-∂p cm-hnse- F-´n-\v- ap-≠-t°m-SvPp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv- J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.-

ap-°w: sIm-Sn-b-Øqcnse ]u-c-{]-[m-\n-bpw B-Zy-Im-e X-Sn-hy-h-kmbn-bp-am-bn-cp-∂ sIm-Snb-Øq¿ ]-≈n-sØm-Sn-I ]n kn ap-l-Ω-Zv (85). `mcy: ^m-Xzn-a. a-°ƒ: ]n kn A-–p-¿-d-lv-am≥ (ZΩmw), k-eow (a-Zo-\), lm-dq≥ d-jo-Zv, B-an-\, \-^o-k, B-bn-i, km-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p¬- JmZ¿, B-en-°p-´n (hm-Zn-dlva sIm-Sn-b-Øq¿), sI C-ºn-®-Ω-Zv, sI Sn A-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n, ^m-Xzn-a, knØm-c, B-cn-^. k-tlmZ-c-߃: ]n kn A-–p-√, ^m-Xzn-a, a-dn-bp-Ω, ]-tcX-\m-b A-_q-_-°¿.

F-S-°-c: am-a-¶-c \m-bv°≥-Iq-fn-bn-se ap-≠≥Nn-d Fw -Sn a-Øm-bn (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b t{X-k-ym-Ω. a-°ƒ: t__n, ta-cn, F¬-kn (bp.F-kv-.F), kn-ÿ t{Kkv ta-cn, ]u-fn, sU-bvkn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h¿-°n®≥, tPm-bn, tPm-bn, tPm-kv (bp-.F-kv-.F), ta-cn. -kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 11\v \-cn-hm-e-ap-≠ sk‚ v tPm-k-^v ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

]-´-Øp-I-S-hv: ]p-Xp-∏-dºn¬ tXm-a-kv (A-®≥Ip-™v-˛68). `m-cy: ]-\°-h-b¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw A-∂-Ω. a-°ƒ: ko-\m tXm-a-kv (Pn.hn.F-®v.Fkv.F-kv, B¿.C.kn), kn-tPm -tXm-a-kv (JØ¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: sI sP t]mƒ (sF.Sn kvIqƒ, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), tPm-bv-kv (J-Ø¿). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 11\p ]-´-Øp-I-S-hv Xn-cpIp-Spw-_ -tZ-hm-e-bØn¬.

Ip-g¬-a-μw: I-f-s∏-´n A-{Im-Sv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy I-a-em-£n (74). a-°ƒ: c-ho-{μ≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, iio-{μ≥, tl-a-e-X, ]pjv-]-e-X.

X-e-t»-cn: I-Xn-cq¿ A©mw ssa¬ _-kvtÃm∏n-\p k-ao-]w am-hn-e-ho´n¬ G-c-´m-¶-≠n J-Zo-P Pm-\-In(88). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-Xam-\-¥-hm-Sn-: Im-´n-°pfw- A-Ωm-\n-bn-se- ]-tc\m-b Sn ]n ]-°p. a-Iƒ: X-\m-b- Xm-\n-°p-gn-bn¬- i-ao-a. a-cp-a-I≥: a-Po-Zv. C- sI- Ip-am-c-s‚- `m-cyk-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-_qbpw- ap-≥ Xn-cp-s\-√n- {Km- ´n, A-l-Ω-Zv, bq-kp-^v, a-∏-©m-b-Øw-K-hp-am-bl-k≥, lp-k≥, IpPm-\-In- (77)-.- a-°ƒ-:- Sn™m-an, A-bn-kq-´n, IpsI- hn-P-b-≥,- kp-tc-jv,Hm-a-\.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- Ip-i-e- ™n-∏m-Øp, P-ao-e, ]Ip-am-cn,- ssj-e.- k-tlm- tc-X-cm-b am-™p, kmZ-c-߃-:- Sn- sI- k-Xy-{h- dp, D-a¿Ip-´n, A-_q-_°¿. X-≥,- cm-P-≥,- cm-P-Ω.-

a-t©-cn: A-®n-∏n-em°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Hm-hp߬ A-_v-Zp¿d-lv-am≥ F-∂ C-Æn -am-Ã-dp-sS `m-cy Io-tg-S-Øv A-lΩ-Zv a-Iƒ B-bn-i (63). am-Xm-hv: h-√m-©n-d ^mØn-a. a-°ƒ: A-en-°p´-n, B-km-Zv (ku-Zn), kn-dm-Pv (Zp-_-bv), Pm-kvan≥, d-Pn-b, dn-jm-\. acp-a-°ƒ. tkm-^n-b (A-[ym-]n-I, b-ØowJm-\ kv-Iqƒ), d-ko-\, j-°o-e, a-Ωp-Ip-´n sImºw-I-√v, D-Æo≥-Ip-´n F-S-Ø-\m-´p-I-c. ktlm-Z-c-߃. A-l-Ω-Zv J-eo¬ Fw.-F, k¿Zm¿. J-_-d-°w C-∂v D®-°v H-∂n-\v a-t©-cn sk‚¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

B-¨p -

{]-Im-i³

A-_q-_-¡À

tIm-Uq¿: h-cn-t°m-Sv ]tc-X-\m-b A-√-°m-S≥ B-en-bp-sS `m-cy ]-≈n-∏d-º≥ B-®p (80). a-°ƒ: ^m-Øn-a, a-dn-bp-Ω, D-kvam≥, A-kv-am-_n, d-kmJv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-h -lmPn, A-e-hn, l-k≥-Ip-´n, B-bn-i, ^m-Øn-a-kp-ld. a-øn-Øv \-a-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v hcn-t°m-Sv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: sIm-√w tIm-´h - m-Xp-°¬ ]n sI {]Im-i≥ (47). a¬-ky-sØmgn-em-fn- (kn.sF.Sn.-bp) sIm-√w b - q-\n-‰v ssh-kv {- ]kn-U‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: kp-\n-e. a-°ƒ: kp¿-PnØv, l¿-In-j¬, {]-Pn-Øv. k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: {]-`m-Ic≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, Hm-a\ - , {]hn-X, A-Pn-X, kp-ja - , AJn-te-jv, A-tP-jv.

Iq-´n-e-ßm-Sn: Xn-cp-h-\-¥]p-cw `m-`m B-t‰m-an-Iv dnk¿-®v sk‚-dn¬ \n-∂p hn-c-an-® I-Sp-ßq-Øv h-St°-sØm-Sn Ip-´-t»-cn A_q-_-°¿ (75). `m-cy: ]mØp-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: A-–p -a-Zv, B-_n-Z-en, ^m-dq-Jv , ap-\o¿, k-d-^p-∂o-k, sse-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-{_mlow, l-ao-Zv, ko-\-Øv, JZo-P, km-Pn-Z, _p-jv-d.

A-¿-¸³

ap-lv-kn³

N-ßc - w-Ip-fw: I-√q¿-Ω X-cnb-Øv A-ø∏ - ≥ (Ip-´∏ - ˛80). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b e-£va - n. a-°ƒ: cm-P≥, _m-eI - r-jvW≥, a-Wn, \-fn-\n, k-Xn, Ko-X, e-X. a-cp-a° - ƒ: at\m-lc - ≥, Kw-Km-[c - ≥, N{μ≥, tam-l\ - ≥, j¨-apJ≥, kp-\n-X, kva - n-X.

ssh-e-Øq¿: Ip-‰n-∏m-ebn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b I-hsdm-Sn ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n-bp-sS a-I≥ ap-lv-kn≥ (46). `mcy: kp-lv-d. a-°ƒ: D-ss\^v, D-ssh-kv. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v Ip-‰n-∏m-e Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

cm-Pp-sj-«n Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: hym-]mcn A-W-¶q¿ s\¬-°-f tdm-Un-se cm-Pp-sj-´n. im-c-Zmw-_ U-°-td-j≥ D-S-a-bm-Wv. `m-cy: D-j. a°ƒ: A-\-¥-Ir-jv-W≥, e-£o-i≥, A-\p-cm-[, sh-¶-tS-jv.

I-a-em-£n

J-Zo-P

A-ÐpÀ-d-lv-am³ tIm-fn-b-Sp-°w: aq-Sw-_b-en-se tIm-∏ A-–p¿d-lvam≥ (65). `m-cy: ^mØn-a. a-°ƒ: \-ko¿, A¬-Øm-^v (C-cp-h-cpw Zp-_-bv), \-ko-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-\o¿, k-eo-eØv C¿-^m-\. k-tlm-Zc≥: a-l-aq-Zv h-b-\m-Sv.

ssk-Xm-en

am-\-¥-hm-Sn-: a-°n-a-e No-c-°p-gn- Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy- cm-[ (55)-.- a-°ƒ-: hn-t\m-Zv-,- an-\n-.

Im-fn-Im-hv: \o-em-t©cn-bn-se sXm-´n-°p-fh≥ ssk-Xm-en F-∂ _m-∏p-´n (65). `m-cy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: ^ko-\, k-eo-\, j-an\,P-ko-e, ap-l-Ω-Zv j^o-Jv.

tZ-hn-A-½

ssk-\p-±o³ -

]m-¯p

A-tØm-fn: Ip-S° - √ - v s]-cphm-Wn-bw-ho-´n-¬ ]-tc-X\ - mb Fw sI \m-cm-bW - ≥- amÃ-dp-sS `m-cy tZ-hn-AΩ - (76). a-°ƒ: i-in, kp-tc-jv, t{]w\m-Yv, an-\n, \n-j. a-cp-a° - ƒ: {io-P, ssj-\n, kp-\n-X, k-ck≥, ap-Iμ - ≥. k-tlm-Zc - ߃: I-eym-Wn-°p-´n-AΩ - , hm-kp-\m-b¿, Ip-™n-Ir-jvW≥ \m-b¿, e-£va - n-AΩ - , Ip-´n-am-fp- A-Ω.

cm-a-]p-cw: \m-dm-W-Øv h-‰√q-cn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b B-hØp-Im-´n¬ sam-bv-Xo-s‚ aI≥ ssk-\p-±o≥ (65). amXm-hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b ]m-ØpΩ. `m-cy: ]m-Øp-°p-´n.a°ƒ: l-^v-k-Øv, k-°od, ap-\o-d, _p-jv-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: Sn A-–p¬ I-cow (a¶-S {Km-a-∏-©m-b-Øv {]kn-U-‚ v), ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X^, A-iv-d-^v, _-jo¿.

ap-bn-t∏m-Øv: ]-c-tX\m-b sam-bn-tcm-Øv AΩ-Xn-s‚ `m-cy sam-bntcm-Øv ]m-Øp (83). a°ƒ: Ip-™-bn-i, \_o-k, bq-k-^v, d-kmJv (k-em-e), kp-ss_Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-ss_Z, \-_o-k, A-Ω-Xv, sam-bv-Xn, Ip-™-Ω-Xv, kn-dm-Pv.

ap-l-½-Zv

]m-¯p

]m-¯p-½-¡p-«n

In-gn-t»-cn: Np-≈n-t°m-Sv ]-tc-X-\m-b sh-Æ-t°mS≥ a-Ω-Zn-s‚ a-I≥ ap-lΩ-Zv (_m-∏p-Æn ˛66). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: A-–p-¿dlvam≥ (a-°), A-e-hn, kn±-o-Jv (a-°), ssk-\-_, kp-sse-J. a-cp-a-I≥: A–p¬ I-cow (dn-bm-Zv).

I-°-´n¬: ]m-Xn-cn-∏-‰-bnse ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-\n-bn¬ kq-∏n-bp-sS `m-cy ]m-Øp (101). a-°ƒ: Ip-™m-an, AΩ-Xv, A-–p-√, J-Zo-P, ]-tcX-cm-b B-bn-i, sam-bv-Xp. acp-a-°ƒ: B-en-°p-´n, A-ΩZv, A-Ω-Zv \-cn-∏-‰, _n-ømØp, B-ky, \-^o-k.

a-¶-S: ]-tc-X-\m-b sh-≈n-e ]-ßn-Wn-°m-S≥ A-e-hn-bpsS `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ω-°p-´n (96). a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b apl-Ω-Zv, B-bn-i, D-Ωp-Ip¬kp, \-^o-k, ]m-Øp-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-lΩ-Zv, A-e-hn-°p-´n lm-Pn, sam-bv-Xp-Æn, bq-kp-^v, ssk-\-_.

cm-[

dn-«. {]n³-kn-¸Â No-^-v dn-«. Un.-Fw-.H. t^m-d-kv-äv I¬-kÀ-th-äÀ tUm. sI sP a-¯m-bn sI sI \m-bÀ tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: dn-´. Un.tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: ]-Sn-™msd \-S-°m-hv tIm-a-Øv ho´n¬ dn-´. {]n≥-kn-∏¬ No^-v- t^m-d-kv-‰v I¨-k¿th-‰¿ tI-f-Øv I-cp-Wm-Ic≥ \m-b¿(sI sI \mb¿˛92). ]m-e-°m-Sv H-‰-∏mew am-b≥-tIm-´v tI-f-Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. `m-cy: Ip-a-c-\-√q¿ ]-Sn-™m-sd°p-∂-Øv Xm-g-tج IpSpw-_mw-Kw ]-tc-X-bm-b ]n Sn im-c-Zm-Ω. a-°ƒ: tKm-]m¬ (am¿-°-‰n-Mv Ubd-Œ¿, {In-Ão≥ t{S-tU-gvkv, _mw-•q¿), ]n Sn e-£van. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \o-\ tKm]m¬ (F-Un-‰¿ sU-°m≥ t{Im-Wn-°nƒ, _mw-•q¿), ]n B¿ ta-t\m≥ (sN-b-¿am≥ Sm-‰m F-b¿-sse≥kv). h-\w tZ-i-h¬-°-cW ]-≤-Xn-bp-sS kq-{X-[mc-cn¬ {]-ap-J-\m-Wv. πmt‚-j≥ tIm¿]-td-j≥ am-t\-Pn-Mv U-b-d-Œ-dm-bpw tk-h-\-a-\p-jvTn-®n-´p≠v. ]o-®n-bn-se t^m-d-Ãv dnk¿-®v C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´v, \n-eºq-cn-se hp-Uv C≥-Uv-{Sokv, C-c-hn-Ip-fw tZ-io-b DZym-\w, \n-e-ºq-cn-se tX°v- ayq-kn-bw F-∂n-hÿm-]n-°p-∂-Xn¬ ap-≥ssI-sb-Sp-Øp. \m-j\¬ t^m-d-Ãv I-Ωo-j≥ sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn {]-h¿-Øn-® \m-b¿ 1971 ap-X¬ tI-c-fØn¬ No-^v t^m-d-kv-‰v I¨-k¿-th-‰-dpw ]n-∂o-Sv {]n≥-kn-∏¬ kn.kn.F^p-am-bn.

Fw-.H (tlm-an-tbm-∏-Xn) -Ip-∂-Øq¿ tUm. sI sP a-Øm-bn (72). kw-kvIm-c ip-{iq-j-Iƒ C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\v F-c-™n∏m-e-sØ kz-h-k-Xnbn¬ B-cw-`n-°p-w. kwkv-Im-cw sh-Ãv ln¬sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ta-gv-kn Xr-∏q-WnØp-d hn-f-ßm-´n¬ IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: ^m. tPm am-Xyp F-kv sP (sk‚ v -tk-thy-gv-kv tIm-f-Pv, Xp-º), P-b kp\n¬ (sk‚ v ta-co-kv F®v-.F-kv.F-kv ]-cn-bm-]pcw), tPm¿-Pv sI am-Xyp (tkm-^v-‰vsh-b¿ F≥-Pn\o-b¿, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv). acp-a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬ ]p-Xp∏-d-ºn-¬ (sI-.F-kv.C._n, s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ), ss\-kn ]m-‰m-\n (I¬-∏‰). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tPmk-^v tPm-k-^v F-∂ Ip´n (a-Æm¿-°m-Sv), kn-ÿ tPm¨ tPm-k-^v F-kvF-®v (tIm-´-bw), Ip-™®≥ (]p-∂-Ø-d), ¢m-c-Ω sh-´p-h-gn-bn¬ (Ip-dn-®nØm-\w), G-en-bm-Ω ]pfn-°¬, kn-kn-en A-g-I¥-d h-S-t°-¬, eq-kn sN-dp-I-c, ]-tc-X-cm-b tacn tPm-k-^v ]o-®-Øn¬ ]p-∂-Ø-d, kn-ÿ ske-Ãn≥ (]p-∂-Ø-d).

I-®³ \m-dm-Øv: B-\-μ-Xo¿-∞ \-K¿ tIm-f-\n-°p k-ao]w hn sI I-Æ≥ (78). \m-dm-Øv hn-t√-Pv Un-{]kv-Uv eo-Kv sk-{I-´-dn, \mdm-Øv tZ-i-tk-hm ]p-eb≥- kw-Lw I-Ωn-‰n, \mdm-Øv tN-cn-°¬ {io-`-Kh-Xn t£-{X I-Ω-n-‰n F∂n-h-bp-sS {]-kn-U‚m-bn {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v.

kq-k-½

hn-t\m-Z³

N-{µ-ti-J-c³ -\m-bÀ

_m-e-Ir-jv-W³

h-S-I-c: c-b-c-tßm-Øv ]m-Sw ho-´n¬ hn-t\m-Z≥ (41). `m-cy: eo-]. a-°ƒ: jm-tcm¨, tdm-j≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: kp-tc-jv_m-_p, a-tl-jv, a-\o-jv (aq-h-cpw _-l-vdbv≥), A\o-jv, t_-_n, ]p-jv-], doP, A-Pn-X

tN-te-{º: ]-Sn-™m-‰n≥ss] ]p-Xn-bm-´v A-iz-Xn \n-e-b-Øn¬ ]n sI N{μ-ti-J-c≥- \m-b¿ (81). `m-cy: hn-t\m-Zn-\n-b-Ω. a°ƒ: ap-c-fo-[-c≥, kp-tcjv, kp-[o¿-Ip-am¿. a-cp-aIƒ: {io-I-e.

]-tøm-fn: ta-∏-øq¿ C-SØn¬ ap-°v ]p-Ø≥]pc-bn¬ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ (63). `m-cy: hn-P-b-e-£v-an. a°ƒ: hn-_n≥, an-\p. a-cpa-I≥: k-Pn-Xv-Ip-am¿. ktlm-Z-c-߃: tKm-]n-\mY≥, im-¥, cm-[, _n-μp.

a-Zo-\: Dw-d \n¿-h-ln-°ms\-Øn-b ae-∏pdw sNΩm-Sv kz-tZ-in-\n I-gp-ßpt¥m-´-Øn¬ B-an-\ (66) a-Zo-\-bn¬ a-cn-®p. D-≈m-´v l-k≥-tIm-b-bp-sS `m-cybm-Wv. Rm-b-dm-gv-N sshIo´v A-k¿ \a-kvIm-cØn\p ti-jw kn-bmd-Øn-\m-bn ]p-d-s∏-´-Xmbn-cp-∂p. a-kv-Pn-Zp-∂-_-hn-bp-sS kao-]-Øp-h®mWv ac-Ww. kz-Im-cy {Kq-∏n-\p Io-gn¬ P-\p-h-cn H-∂n-\v a-°bn-se-Øn Dw-d \n¿-h-ln-® ti-jw I-gn-™ hy-mgm-gvN-bm-Wv Ch¿ aZo-\-bn-se-Øn-b-Xv. sNm-Δm-gv-N \m´n-te-°v a-S-ßm-\n-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- aønØv C∂se ssh-Ip-t∂-cw -aZo-\-bnse _-Jo-Av- J-_¿ÿm-\n¬ a-d-hp-sN-bv-Xp. a-c-Whn-h-c-a-dn-™v dn-bmZn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂ a-I≥ kp¬-^o-°¿ a-Zo-\-bn-seØn-bncp∂p. a‰pa-°ƒ: A-l-Ω-Zv _-jo¿, A-–p -a-Zv (A_q-Z-_n), A-–p¬ -d-jo-Zv, ap-\o-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: \-ko-a, \p-ssk-_, sse-e, A-en-l-k≥, dlow, ssJ-dp-∂o-k. ]n-Xm-hv: sam-bv-Xo≥ lm-Pn.

kv-IqÄ_Ên-Â- \n-¶p- ho-WvbphXn a-cn-¨p

a-e-∏p-dw-: Hm-Sn-s°m-≠ncp-∂ kv-Iq-ƒ-_- n¬- \n∂p- sXdn®pho-Wv- bphXn a-cn-®p. a-e-∏p-dw- Fw.F-kv-.-]n- l-b¿-sk-°≥U-dn- kv-Iq-fn-se B-b Imf-ºm-Sn a-Æm¿-Ip-≠v- ]-´¿°-S-h≥- ap-l-Ω-Zv- _-jodn-s‚ `m-cy- d-jo-Zm _o-Kw(24) B-Wv- a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂se ssh-Io-´v kv-Iqƒ- hn-´v- Ip-´n-I-fp-am-bn- t]m-hp-∂Xn-\n-sS ssh-Io-´v \m-e-c-tbm-sS sam-´-Ω-en-embncp∂p A-]-I-Sw. ssI ]p-d-Øn-´ hn-Zym¿-Yn-sb ]n¥n-cn-∏n-°m≥- {i-an-°-sh _- n-s‚ hm-Xn-¬- Xp-d∂v A_-≤-Øn¬ tdm-Un-te-°v- ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. X-e-bv°v- £-X-ta-‰ C-h-sc B-Zyw- a-e-∏p-dw- k-l-Ic-W B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw- Xp-S¿-∂v- s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ auem-\m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw- {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw- c£n-°m-\m-bn-√. aq-∂p-am-kw- ap-ºm-Wv- djoZm _oKw B-b-bm-bntPm-en-bn¬- {]-th-in-®-Xv. ]n-Xm-hv: sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip´n. am-Xm-hv: lm-P-d. -a-°ƒ-: C¿-jm-Zv,- l¿-jm-Zv-. ap-XtZ-lw- t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw- C-∂v D®-bv°v12\v- Im-f-ºm-Sn- Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv- J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ad-hp-sN-øpw.

ho-Wp-]-cn-t¡-ä bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨pt]-cm-{º: N-°n-´-]m-d-bnse am-Øq¿ I-hn-fn-am°¬ s_-∂n-bp-sS `m-cy kq-k-Ω (38). a-°ƒ: kp_n≥, tkm-\.

]p-Ø-\-Øm-Wn: hym-bma-Øn-\n-sS ho-Wp- ]-cnt°-‰v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bncp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. I-Spßm-Øp-Ip-≠v Nm-en-°p∂v ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-\-bØn¬ ]q-t°m-bX-ß-fpsS a-I≥ ap-√-t°m-b -X߃ (_m-h-X-߃-˛33) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ sNm-hm-gv-N cm-hn-se I¬∏-I-t©-cn Kh. shm-t°-j-\¬ l-b¿ sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iqƒ {Ku-≠n¬ hym-b-a-Øn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn Hm-Sn-b -ti-jw a-Xn-en¬ Ccp∂v hn-{i-an-°p-tºmƒ Xm-sgho-Wv ]cn-t°¬-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. s]-cn-¥-¬-a-Æ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-cns° C-∂-se cmhn-se-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. am-Xm-hv: Ip-™o-hn. `m-cy: A-^v-k-Øv _o-hn. a°ƒ: ap-^v-en-l-_o-hn, ap-l-Ω-Zv dn-^m-ln. k-tlm-Zc-߃: tIm-b-X-߃, tIm-b-™n-tIm-b X-߃, A-e-hn-tIm-b-X-߃, kp-l-dm-_o-hn.

Zp-_-bn \ncym-X-\mbn \m-Zm-]p-cw: N-°-c-°-≠nbn¬ N-{μ≥ h-√y-Øv Ajv-d-^v (48) Zp-_-bn¬ a-cn®p. `m-cy-: kp-sse-J aTØn¬. a-°ƒ: A-Pv-\m-kv, A-^v-kn-\, A-\-kv, sjdn≥, j-l-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-kv-amCu¬, \-Pv-a. J-_d-S-°w C-∂p 8.30\v ap-Zm°-c Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

tem-Uv-Pn Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn N-{µ³

I-eym-Wn

kp-io-e

A-e-hn -lm-Pn -

i-¦-c³

ssl-t{Zm-kv

ap-l-½-Zv jm-anÂ

Jm-en-Zv -

th-ß-c: Km-‘n-°p-∂v a-Æn¬ N-{μ≥ (67). `mcy: X-¶. a-°ƒ: c-Xo-jv, \n-P, \n-j, c-ay. a-cp-a°ƒ: _m-_p, in-h-Zmk≥, cm-Po-hv, [-\y.

h-S-I-c: I-g-I-∏p-c-bn¬ sX-øm‚-hn-S I-eym-Wn (74). a-°ƒ: A-tim-I≥, c-ta-i≥, ]-hn-{X≥, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿, im-c-Z. a-cp-a°ƒ: \m-Wp, A-\n-X, eX, hn-Pn-e, kp-io-e.

h-S-I-c: sh-≈n-Ip-f-ß-c {]-k-∂ \n-hm-kn¬ kpio-e (81). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-am-c≥. a-°ƒ: {]-joZvIp-am¿, {]-ko-Xv _m_p, {]-k-∂.

In-gn-t»-cn: Ip-gn-a-Æ Imcm-´p-]-d-ºv B-\-°m-Sv ]qt°m-S≥ A-e-hn- lm-Pn (95). `m-cy: I-Zn-bp-Ω. a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, tIm-ap°p-´n, _n-ø-°p-´n.

sIm-t≠m-´n: s\-Sn-bn-cp∏v F≥.F-®v tIm-f-\nIm-™n-c-s∏m-en i-¶c≥ (62). `m-cy: b-tim-Z. a-°ƒ: D-Æn-Ir-jv-W≥, Zn-hy, en≥-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-\n-X, cm-tP-jv.

Xn-cq¿: tIm-´p-am-hpw-Ip∂v Ip-∂-Øv ]-d-ºn¬ ssl-t{Zm-kv (83). a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv A-iv-d-^v (_-l-vdbv≥), lp-kbv≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv- \m-k¿, kp-ld. a-cp-a-I≥: G-\p-±o≥.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: I-cn-ºn¬ tNm-e-bn¬ A-iv-d-^ns‚ a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv jman¬ (aq-∂v). am-Xm-hv: apwXm-kv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: a-kv-_q-_, ap-_m-jn-d, ap¿-jn-Z.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: sN-d-aw-Ke-w ]q-gn-°¬ Jm-en-Zv (52). `m-cy: lm-P-d. a°ƒ: \-_o¬, lm-cn-kv, _m-kn-Xv, D-km-a-_n≥Jm-en-Zv, ap-_-jn-d. a-cp-aI≥: ap-l-Ω-Zv k-ao¿.

a-e-∏p-dw: bp-hm-hv a-e-∏p-d-sØ tlm-´¬-ap-dn-bn¬ Xp-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv F-c-™n-∏mew kz-tZ-in Zo-]-Iv (28) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lØn-\p c-≠p-Zn-h-k-sØ ]-g-°aps≠∂v IcpXp∂p. tem-Uv-Pn¬ ap-dn-sb-Sp-Ø C-t±-lsØ c-≠p Zn-h-k-am-bn-´pw ]pd-Øp-Im-Wm-Ø-Xns\ XpS¿∂v tlm-´¬ Po-h-\-°m¿ ]-cn-tim-[n-®-t∏m-gm-Wv Xqßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I≠Xv. a-e-∏p-dw ]m-kv-t]m¿-´v tk-hm tI-{μ-Øn-se Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-Wv Zo]-sI∂v a-e-∏p-dw t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. C≥-Iz-Ãn-\p-ti-jw arX-tZ-lw t]m-kv-‰vtam-¿-´-Øn-\m-bn tIm-gn-t°m-Sv saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xnbn-te-°p am-‰n.

ss_-¡v ]m-S-t¯-¡p a-dn-ªv bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

\-_o-kp

sd-Pn

I-®³

t]-cm-{º: Im-‰p-≈-a-ebn-se Iq-\m-¥m-\-Øv tXm-a-kn-s‚ a-I≥ sd-Pn (40). `m-cy: ssj-\n. a°ƒ: dn-tbm¨, dn-b.

\m-Zm-]p-cw: Ip-∂-Øv I-Æ≥. a-°ƒ: Pm-\p, N-{μ≥, tZ-hn, ]-tc-X\m-b cm-P≥, hn-Pb≥, im-¥, _m-e-Irjv-W≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\mb sF sI I-Æ≥, ]p-jv-], hm-g-bn¬ \mWp, eo-e, N-{μ≥, APn-X.

th-em-bp-[³ Nn-‰q¿: ap-´n-cn-Øn-bn¬ th-em-bp-[≥ (60). `mcy: eo-e. a-°ƒ: hn-t\mZv-Ip-am¿, hn-\o-Xv, hn-t\jv, i-m-en-\n.

h-SI - c - : h-√Ø - vI - p-∂v e£w-ho-´n¬ \-_o-kp (59). `¿-Øm-hv: k-emw. a-I≥: djo-Zv. a-cp-aI - ƒ: apw-Xm-kv. k-tlm-Zc - ≥: sam-bvX - p.

ap-l-½-Zv ]m-e° - m-Sv: ssP-\n-ta-Sv Be-°] - d - º - v ap-lΩ - Z- v (83). `mcy: k-^n-b. a-°ƒ - : Pm-^¿ - , e-Øo-^v, d-^o-Jv, A-Iv_ - ¿ - , \u-jm-Zv, kp-ld - , dp-Jn-b, sse-e, \-ko-a.

tI-i-h³ -

a-dn-bm-½ -

I-®³

ap-l-½-Z-vtIm-b

D-½p-IpÂ-kp-

]-ø-\m-Sv: tNm-e-°¬ IÆw-sXm-Sn-I tI-i-h≥ (65). `m-cy: k-tcm-P-\n. a°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, l-co-jv. a-cp-a-Iƒ: B-Xn-c.

F-S-°-c: I-cp-s\-®n-bnse ]p-d-Ip-fw h¿-Ko-kv ]n tXm-a-kn-s‚ `m-cy adn-bm-Ω (53). a-°ƒ: \n-j, \o-\, \nPn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Un≥k¨, cm-tP-jv. kw-kv°m-cw C-∂p 10.30\v s]cp-¶p-fw am¿ {Kn-tKm-dntbm-kv Hm¿-Ø-tUm-Ivkv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬.

h-S-I-c: \-S-°p-Xm-g A-c-°p-≠-f-ß-c-bnse ]-tX-cn-°p-\n IÆ≥ (93). `m-cy: I-eymWn. a-°ƒ: N-{μ≥ (k-em-e), eo-e Ip-dpbn¬, k-c-k, tam-fn cm-P≥, {]-Im-i≥ (akv-IØv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-a-e, N-{μ≥, \m-cm-bW≥, N-{μ≥ , tim-`, kn-‘p.

^-tdm-°v: sN-dp-h-Æq¿ IÆm-´n-°p-fw hn sI Fw lu-kn¬ ap-l-Ω-ZvtIm-b (57) I¿-Wm-S-I-bn-se lpªn-bn¬ acn®p. `m-cy: ^mØn-a X-cn-bm-´v I-Æm-´n°p-fw. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: B-en-t°m-b, lp-ssk≥, ssk-\-_, ^m-Øn-a. aønØv \m-´n-seØn®v Nmen-bw Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬ ad-hp-sNøpw.

s]m-∂m-\n: ]u-c{]-apJ≥ D-kva - m≥ am-Ãd - p-sS a-Iƒ ]-tc-X\ - m-b hn sI sk-bvX - p ap-lΩ - Z- v X-ßfp-sS `m-cy- D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp (76). a-°ƒ: jw-kp-±o≥ (ku-Zn), l-_o-_p dlvam≥, A-–p¬ P-eo¬, A-–p¬ P-∫m¿ . a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-sse-J, ^m-Øna, d-lo-\, l-ao-Z. k-tlmZ-cß - ƒ: bp A-_q-_°¿, ssl-dp-∂n-k.

cmw-`-«v _-Zn-b-Sp-°: _o-P-¥-Sp° s]-c-ap-K ho-´n¬ cmw`-´v (52) lr-Z-bmLmXwaq-ew a-cn-®p. _-Zn-b-Sp-° A-¶q¿ F‚¿-ss{]-kkv Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-Wv.

Fw.-_n.-F. hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n _-Êpw Sn-¸Àtem-dn-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v Xo-s¡m-fp-¯n -a-cn-¨p temdn ss{U-hÀ a-cn-¨p Ip-‰n-t°m¬: Fw.-_n.-F. hnZym¿-Yn-\n tZ-l-Øv s]t{Smsfm-gn-®v Xo-s°m-fp-Øn acn®p. ap-∂m-Sv ]o-∏nƒ C≥-Ãn‰yq-´v Hm-^v am-t\-Pv-sa‚ v Ã-Uokn-se H-∂mwh¿-j Fw.-_n.-F hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n kp-\nj(20)sbbm-Wv BXva-lXy sNbvX \ne-bn¬ I≠Xv. C-∂se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS ho-´n-se Ip-fn-ap-dn-bnem-Wv kw-`-hw. Kƒ-^n¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂ `¿-Øm-hv c-Xo-jv _m-_p H-cpam-kw ap-ºv \m-´n-se-Øn-bn-cp∂p. Fw.-_n.-F. hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ°m-bn c-≠pZn-h-k-am-bn \-S-∂ hy-‡n-Xz hn-I-k-\ Iymw-]n¬ kp-\n-j ]s¶-SpØncp-∂p. \m-

ep-h¿-jw ap-ºm-Wv kp-\n-jbpw c-Xo-jv- _m-_p-hpw hn-hmln-X-cm-b-Xv. a-°-fn-√. ]n-Xm-hv: au-Δ¬ A-c-h-sØ ]-tc-X-\mb kp-Ip-am-c≥. am-Xm-hv: B-i-. k-tlm-Z-cn: kp-Pn-j.

I-√-Sn-t°m-Sv: ]-\-b-ºm-Sw h-f-hn¬ sI-.F-kv.-B¿.-Sn-.kn _- pw Sn-∏¿tem-dn-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v tem-dn ss{U-h¿ a-cn-®p. aÆm¿-°m-Sv sX-¶-c sa-gp-Ipw-]m-d h-en-bho-´n¬ X-¶-∏-s‚ a-I≥ hn-\o-Xv (26) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. _-kv bm-{X-°m-cm-b Bdpt]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv-˛ ]me-°m-Sv tZ-io-b-]m-X-bn¬ ]-\-b-ºm-SØv C-∂-se 12.45\m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv \n-∂v ]m-e-°m-t´-°v hcpI-bm-bn-cp-∂ sI-.F-kv-.B¿-.Sn-.kn _ pw ]m-e-°m-Sv `m-K-Øp \n-∂p ]m-d-aW¬ I-b-‰n-h-cpI-bm-bn-cp-∂ Sn-∏¿-temdn-bp-am-Wv Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®-Xv. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ C-cp-hm-l-\-ß-fpw ]m-tS X-I¿-∂p. Sn∏¿tem-dn-bp-sS Im-_n-\n¬ Ip-cp-ßn-b ss{U-h-sd A-c-a-Wn-°q-tdm-fw ]-Wn-s∏´v Im-_n≥ sh-´n-s∏m-fn-®m-Wv ^-b¿-t^mgv-kv ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-bn-

se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-v-°v sIm≠p-t]mIpwh-gn-bm-Wv a-c-n®-Xv. Kp-cpX-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ _-kv ss{U-h¿ cmP(53)s\ s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-bn-se B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. a-e-∏p-dw aq-e-t¶m-Sn [-t\-jv (28), am®mw-tXm-Sv sN-¥-≠v ]p-tج-ho-´n¬ B≥-kn (39), X-©m-hq¿ kz-tZ-in ss\Ø≥ (55), sX-¶-c km-c-Yn ho-´n¬ kp-Pojv (25), F-S-Ø-\m-´p-I-c ]p-Ø≥-]p-cbn¬ kp-\n¬ (20) F-∂n-h-sc ]-cn-°p-Itfm-sS X-®-ºm-d-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]{Xn-bn-epw t[m-Wn kz-tZ-in-\n Pm-\‰n(27)s\ tIm-b-º-Øq-cn-se B-ip-]-{Xnbn-epw {]-th-in-∏n-®p. A-]-I-S-sØØp-S¿-∂v tZ-io-b-]m-Xbn¬ aq-∂p a-Wn-°q-tdm-fw K-Xm-KX - w kvXw-`n-®p. hn-\o-Xn-s‚ am-Xm-hv: tZ-hI - n. ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: hn-t\m-Zv, hn-\b - ≥, kp-an-X.

a-®nSn-ªp- ho-Wv sXm-gn-em-fn- a-cn-¨p Hm-bq¿ (sIm√w): sIm-´-d-bn¬ kw-c-£-W-`n-Øn \n¿-am-W-Ønte¿-∏n-´n-cp-∂ sXm-gn-em-fn-If - p-sS ap-If - n-te-°v a-Æn-Sn-™p-ho-Wv Hcmƒ a-cn-®p. aq-∂pt]¿-°v ]-cn-t°‰p. sN-dp-h-°¬ sIm-√‚-gn-I-Øv ho-´n¬ tPm¨-k¨ (22) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. _w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-in-I-fm-b N-μ≥ (42) Ip-iv-tZm-U (23) AXp¬-tdm-bn (30) F-∂n-h¿-°m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v c≠n\m-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. ao-bÆq¿ sIm-´d - ssl-kvI - qƒ P-Mvj - \v k-ao-]sØ kzIm-cy-hy-‡nbpsS ]pc-bn-S-Øn-emWv A]-ISw. sI-´n-S\ - n¿-am-WØ - n-\m-bn kwc-£-W`n-Øn sI-´p-∂-Xn-\v ^n√¿ \n¿-am-WØ - n-te¿-∏n-´ sXm-gnem-fn-I-fp-sS tZlØv ]-{¥-≠-Sntbm-fw s]m-°-Øn-ep-≈ a¨-Xn´ C-Sn-™p-ho-gpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

a-\-s°m-Sn: \n-b-{¥-Wwhn-´ ss_-°v ]m-S-tØ-°v a-dn-™v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. H-cmƒ-°v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cnt°-‰p. a-\-s°m-Sn In-g-°pw-]p-dw G-tem-Øv h-gn-bnse tIm-d-º-Øv P-b-s‚ a-I≥ Pn-jn¬ (18) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. G-tem-Øv h-gn-bn-se i-¶-cm-b-Øv ho-´n¬ DZ-b≥ a-I≥ \n-hn-s\ (18) ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS Pn-√m Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-\-s°m-Sn A-ø-∏-t£-{XØn-\-Sp-Øv ]p-≈v tdm-Un-em-Wv A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-bXv. ]p-e¿-s® aq-t∂m-sS ]-t{Sm-fnMn-\p h-∂ A-¥n°m-Sv t]m-en-kv tdm-Un¬ A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ In-S-°p∂ I≠ \n-hn-s\- Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øns®¶nepw c£n-°m-\m-bn√. tÃ-Pv sU-°-td-j≥ tPmen-°m-cmWv C-cp-h-cpw. Pn-jn-en-s‚ amXmhv: ssj-e-P. k-tlm-Z-cn: Pn-\n.

]n©p-_m-e³ Ip-f-¯n ho-Wv a-cn-¨p ]p¬-∏-≈n: \m-e-c h-b p-Im-c≥ Ip-f-Øn¬ hoWv a-cn-®p. ]-ø-º-≈n Ip-dp-°≥-aqe I-f-∏p-c-°¬ jm-Pp-˛-Zo] Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS G-I aI≥ F-Uv-hn≥ tXm-a-kv (Sp-´p) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ap-

≈≥-sIm-√n tN-eq-cnse amXm-hns‚ ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]ap-≈ Ip-f-Øn-em-Wv ap-ßn-acn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v 5.30 HmsS-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. amXmhv Zo-] ssa-kq-cn¬ \-gvkm-Wv.

A-ѳ Hm-Sn-¨ Im-dn-Sn-¨v A-©p-h-b-Êp-Im-cn a-cn-¨p Nn-‰q¿: A-—≥ Hm-Sn-® Im-dn-Sn-®v A-©ph-b  - p-Im-cn a-cn-®p. X-an-gv\ - m-Sv kz-tZ-inbpw h-Æm-aS- \-Sc - m-PI - u-≠¿ tIm-f\ - nbn¬ Xm-a-k-°m-c-\p-am-b tZ-h-in-Im-aWn-bp-sS a-Iƒ tem-I-{]n-bbm-Wv a-cn®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se HºtXmsS-bmbncp-∂p A]-ISw. h-Æm-a-S-bn-se kz-Im-cy-hy-‡n-bpsS sX-ßn≥-tXm-∏n¬ sN-Øp-sXm-gnem-fn-bm-b tZ-hi - n-Im-aW - n ap-Xe - m-fn-bp-

sS ho-´n-se I - m¿ ho-Sn-\v sh-fn-bn-te-°v C-d° - p-∂X - n-\n-sS Im-dn-\p- ap-∂n¬ I-fn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Ip-´n- ASn-bn¬s∏-SpI-bm-bn-cp∂p. Kp-cp-Xc - ]-cn-t°-‰ Ip-´nsb sIm-gn-™m-ºm-d \m-´p-I√ - n-se kzIm-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶nepw c£n-°m-\m-bn√. sIm-gn-™m-ºmd t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv‰ - v \-SØ - n. ar-Xt- Zlw C-∂v Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ t]mkv‰ - vt- am¿-´w \-SØ - pw.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

14 P\p-hcn 2014 sNmΔ

]n©p-_m-e³ Ip-f-¯n ho-Wv a-cn-¨p J-Zo-P

cm-Pp-sj-«n

Pm-\-In-

I-®³

th-em-bp-[³

cmw-`-«v

X-e-t»-cn: I-Xn-cq¿ A©mw ssa¬ _-kvtÃm∏n-\p k-ao-]w am-hn-e-ho´n¬ G-c-´m-¶-≠n J-Zo-P (88). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b Sn ]n ]-°p. a-Iƒ: i-ao-a. a-cp-a-I≥: a-Po-Zv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-_q´n, A-l-Ω-Zv, bq-kp-^v, l-k≥, lp-k≥, Ip™m-an, A-bn-kq-´n, Ip™n-∏m-Øp, P-ao-e, ]tc-X-cm-b am-™p, km-dp, D-a¿Ip-´n, A-_q-_-°¿.

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: hym-]mcn A-W-¶q¿ s\¬-°-f tdm-Un-se cm-Pp-sj-´n. im-c-Zmw-_ U-°-tdj≥ D-S-a-bm-Wv. `m-cy: Dj. a-°ƒ: A-\-¥-Ir-jvW≥, e-£o-i≥, A-\pcm-[, sh-¶-tS-jv.

am-\-¥-hm-Sn-: Im-´n-°pfw- A-Ωm-\n-bn-se- ]tc-X-\m-b- Xm-\n-°p-gnbn¬- C- sI- Ip-am-c-s‚`m-cy-bpw- ap-≥ Xn-cp-s\√n- {Km-a-∏-©m-b-Øw-Khp-am-b- Pm-\-In- (77)-.- a°ƒ-:- Sn- sI- hn-P-b-≥,kp-tc-jv,- Hm-a-\.- a-cp-a°ƒ-:- Ip-i-e-Ip-am-cn,ssj-e.- k-tlm-Z-c߃-:- Sn- sI- k-Xy-{h-X≥,- cm-P-≥,- cm-P-Ω.kn-.]n-.Fw.- Pn-√msk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰w-Kw- sIhn- tam-l-\-≥,- Pn-√m- IΩn-‰n-bw-Kw- ]n- hn- k-ltZ-h-≥ A-\p-tim-Nn®p.-

\m-dm-Øv: B-\-μ-Xo¿∞ \-K¿ tIm-f-\n-°p k-ao-]w hn sI I-Æ≥ (78). \m-dm-Øv hn-t√-Pv Un{]-kv-Uv eo-Kv sk-{I-´dn, \m-dm-Øv tZ-i-tkhm ]p-e-b≥- kw-Lw I-Ωn-‰n, \m-dm-Øv tNcn-°¬ {io-`-K-h-Xn t£-{X I-Ω-n-‰n F-∂nh-bp-sS {]-kn-U‚m-bn {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: {io-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, D-a. a-cp-a-I≥: N-{μ≥.

Nn-‰q¿: ap-´n-cn-Øn-bn¬ th-em-bp-[≥ (60). `mcy: eo-e. a-°ƒ: hn-t\mZv-Ip-am¿, hn-\o-Xv, hn-t\jv, i-m-en-\n. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ir-jv-W≥, ktcm-Pn-\n, b-tim-Z, e£v-an, cm-Pm-a-Wn.

_-Zn-b-Sp-°: _o-P-¥-Sp° s]-c-ap-K ho-´n¬ cmw-`-´v (52) lr-ZbmLmXwaq-ew a-cn-®p. _-Zn-b-Sp-° A-¶q¿ F‚¿-ss{]-kkv Po-h\-°m-c-\m-Wv. `m-cy: kXy-`m-a. a-°ƒ: {ip-Xn, Ir-jv-W-Ir-], kp-{]n-b.

I-a-em-£n

Ip-g¬-a-μw: I-f-s∏-´n A-{Im-Sv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy I-a-em-£n (74). a-°ƒ: c-ho-{μ≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, iio-{μ≥, tl-a-e-X, ]pA-ÐpÀ-d-lv-am³ tIm-fn-b-Sp-°w: aq-Sw-_- jv-]-e-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Pb-en-se tIm-∏ A-–p¿-d- b-¥n, e-X, kp-\n-X. lvam≥ (65). `m-cy: ^mtNm-bnØn-a. a-°ƒ: \-ko¿, A¬-Øm-^v (C-cp-h-cpw F-S-h-Æ: H-Xm-bn th-cp]m-ew im-¥n-]p-d-sØ Zp-_-bv), \-ko-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-\o¿, k-eo-e-Øv A-cn-©o-cn tNm-bn (78). cy: am-fn-tb-°¬ ImC¿-^m-\. k-tlm-Z-c≥: `mfn. a-°ƒ: th-em-bp-[≥, a-l-aq-Zv h-b-\m-Sv. cm-[m-a-Wn, h-k-¥-Ip-amcn, l-cn-Zm-k≥, kn-\ncm-[ tamƒ, jm-\n-tamƒ. a-cpam-\-¥-hm-Sn-: a-°n-a-e a-°ƒ: hn-P-b-e-£v-an, No-c-°p-gn- Ir-jv-W-s‚ Fw A-tim-I≥, sI Pn`m-cy- cm-[ (55)-.- a-°ƒ-: j, K-tW-i≥, F jnhn-t\m-Zv-,- an-\n-. _p, Sn l-cn-Zm-k≥.

cm-[m-a-Wn

i-io-{µ³

B-e-Øq¿: hm-\q¿ s\Sp-tßm-´p]-d-ºv \mepsk-‚ v ho-´n¬ Nm-anbp-sS a-Iƒ cm-[m-a-Wn F-∂ cm-[ (64). k-tlmZ-cn-am¿: X-¶w, e-£v-an.

I-°m-Sv: tem-´-dnsØm-gnem-fn-bm-bn-cp-∂ X-ºp-cm¶-≠n i-io-{μ≥ (68). `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b I-\-I. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: h-k¥≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ir-jvW≥, c-ho-{μ≥.

\n-jm-¯v bm-¡q-_v \-Sp-h-´w: ]-tc-X-cm-b A-_v-Zp¬ -Jm-Z¿˛^mXzn-a Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS aIƒ \-Sp-h-´w a-tX-gv-kv hn-√-bn¬ \n-jm-Øv bm°q-_v (38) aw-K-em-]p-csØ `¿-XrKr-l-Øn¬ acn®p. `¿-Øm-hv: bm°q-_v. a-Iƒ: dm-_n-b H-en-ø. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-\m-b \-hm-kv, \ko¿, \-_v-e ep-Jv-am≥, \-kv-dn-b, C-kv-am-Cu¬ \-ko-_v.

[-\-e-£v-anta-em-‰q¿: Io-gm-‰q¿ h-S°pw-X-e, h-S-°pw ]p-dØv kp-μ-c≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy [-\-e-£v-an (63). a°ƒ: kp-Z¿-i≥, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿, kp-[o¿. acp-a-°ƒ: jn-Pv-\, cm-Pn, cm-P-e-£v-an.

ssa-Yn-en ]-t´¬-Øm-gw: kn.]n.Fw h-fb - \ - m-Sv ap≥ tem-°¬ sk-{I-´d - n Im´n-t»-cn th-em-bp-[s - ‚ `m-cy ssa-Yn-en (78). a°ƒ: ]p-j] v- e - X - (anwkv B-ip-]{- Xn), do-\ (\o-Xn- tÃm¿), hn-t\mZv, Po-P, j-^n (sI.Un.kn _m-¶v, ]¥o-c¶ - m-hv).

am-[-hn

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: ]m-dm-ense ]-tc-X-\m-b Np-¶°m-c≥ A-Nyp-X-s‚ `m-cy I-tÆm-Øpw-I≠n am-[-hn (97). a°ƒ: ku-an-\n, eo-e, cm-a-N-{μ≥, Zn-hm-I-c≥, kp-[m-I-c≥, iym-a-f, A-ÐpÂ- I-cow ]-tc-X-bm-b i-Ip-¥-f. \n-e-ºq¿: F-c-™n-aa-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-e≥, kßm-Sv th-t´-t°m-Sn-se Xn, kp-a, do-\, ]-tc-X]p-Ø-e-Øv A-_v-Zp¬ I- cm-b A-Nyp-X≥, D-Øcow (54). `m-c-y: Ip-‰n-°m- a-Zm-kv. kw-kv-Im-cw C´n¬ dp-Jn-ø. a-°ƒ: \n- ∂v cm-hn-se 11\v ho-´pjo-Z, dn≥-j, A-ao¿- jm- h-f-∏n¬. Jm≥, sl-∂. a-cp-a-I≥: in-lm-_p-±o≥ (a-°). ^m-¯n-a -l-Öp-½ssh-e-Øq¿: Nn-e]n hn ap-l-½-Zv lm-Pn hn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b _nF-S-∏mƒ: F-kv.Sn.bp a-e- øm-Øn-bn¬ Ip-™o≥∏p-dw Pn-√m ap≥ tPm. lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy sI sk-{I-´-dn X-h-\q¿ ]n hn Sn ^m-Øn-a l-÷p-Ω ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn (68). ap-kv- (74). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-eenw -eo-Kv X-h-\q¿ ]-©mhn lm-Pn, ss^-k¬, b-Øv {]-kn-U‚ v, kwÿm-\ Iu¨-kn¬ Aw- ko-Xn, dn-bm-kv Kw, sI.F≥.Fw a-l-√v (bp.F.C), kp-ss_-Z, {]-kn-U‚ v F-∂o ÿm-\- ssk-\-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ߃ h-ln-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ap-bv-Xp N-´n-]-d-ºv, A^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: _-jo¿, l-Ω-Zv s]m-∑p-≠w, \m-k¿, dw-e. a-cp-a-I≥: P- ^m-Øn-a, kp-lv-d, \am¬. ko-a, ko-\-Øv.

ap-l-½-Zv ]m-e-°m-Sv: ssP-\n-taSv B-e-°-]-d-ºv ap-lΩ-Zv (83). `m-cy: k-^nb. a-°-ƒ: Pm-^-¿, eØo-^v, d-^o-Jv, A-Iv_-¿, \u-jm-Zv, kp-ld, dp-Jn-b, sse-e, \ko-a. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: J-eo¬, tam-\p-∏, A-en, i-co^v, Xm-Pp-∂o-k, BØn-°, \-ko-a, ssldp-∂o-k, B-an-\.

A-_q-_-¡À ap-kv-eymÀ ]m-ßv: tIm-´p-a-e Ckvem-an-Iv tImw-π-Iv-knse Zo¿-L-Im-e d-ko-hdm-bn-cp-∂ Cu-Ãv ]mßn-se ]-≈n-sØm-Sn A-_q-_-°¿ ap-kveym¿ (68). `m-cy-am¿: ss]-ºm-d J-Zo-P sImSp-h-≈n, ]-tc-X-bm-b Icp-hm-Sn ]m-Øp-Ω I-Spß-]p-cw. a-°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Z-en (Ip-ssh-Øv), A–p¬ d-km-Jv, k-^n-b, ]m-Øp-´n, dm-_n-b ap-lΩ-Zv A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿, l_o-_, A≥-km¿, a≥kq¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lpssk≥, ap-kv-X-^, l\o-^, ap-l-Ω-Zv ao-\m¿Ip-gn, ko-\-Øv, d-jo-Z, d-kn-b, ap¿-jn-Z.

^m-¯n-a F-S-h-Æ: ]-Ø-∏n-cn-bw tN-∂m-bv-°p-∂n-se ]tc-X-\m-b hn ]n A-lΩ-ZvIp-´n-bp-sS `m-cy tN∂≥-Ip-f-ß-c ^m-Øna(79). a-°ƒ: A-_q-_°¿, -A-_v-Zp- -emw,- DÆn-l-k≥,- ap-l-Ω-Zv,- Dkv-am≥, k-^n-ø,- d-joZ. -a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssk-\_, -k-°o-\, -J-Zo-P, -l^v-k-Øv, -l-^v-k-Øv, cm-bn≥-°p-´n -Xn-cp-hmen, -ap-Po-_v- I-√n-Sp-ºv.

]m-¯p-½ sIm-Sp-h-≈n: s\-√m-¶≠n Ip-øn¬ I-≠-Øn¬ ]m-Øp-Ω (]m-Ø˛69). k-tlm-Z-cn: B-bn-i.

am-Xyp

A-¶-¡p-«n-

I-cp-W-m-I-c³

sN-∂-tem-Sv: ]p-Xn-bmw]p-dw ]n H am-Xyp (68). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 9.30\v sN-∂-tem-Sv sk‚ v sk-_m-kv-‰y≥ tZ-hm-e-b-Øn¬. `m-cy: eo-em-Ω. a-°ƒ: _n-Pn am-Xyp (Pn.F-®v.Fkv.F-kv. aq-e-¶m-hv), PnIv ]n am-Xyp (kv-s]-bvkvs\-‰v tI-_nƒ, Im-hpa-μw), _n-μp ]n am-Xyp (tk-{I-´v lm¿-´v F®v.F-kv.F-kv). a-cp-a°ƒ: tSmw-kv tPm¨ (sk‚ v tXm-a-kv F®v.F-kv. \-S-h-b¬), knan ]p-fn-tbm-c-Øv, jm-Pn A-{_-lmw (\-√q¿-\m-Sv Aw-t_-Zv-I¿ Pn.F®v.F-kv.F-kv).

am-\-¥-hm-Sn-: Im-´n-°pfw- tN-eq-cn-se- ]-tc-X\m-b- C-√n-°¬- Nmt°m- kv-‰o-^-s‚- `m-cyA-∂-°p-´n -(85).- kw-kvIm-cw- C-∂p cm-hn-se10\v- tN-eq¿- sk-‚ v- sk_m-kv-‰y-≥ ]-≈n- sk-antØ-cn-bn¬.- a-°ƒ-:sF- F-kv- kv-‰o-^-≥ (kn-.]n-.Fw-. Im-´n-°pfw,- tem-°¬- I-Ωn-‰nAw-Kw-)-, A-∂,- ta-cn,- en√n,- tPm-k-^v,- tSm-an,- ]tc-X-\m-b- tPm-kv,- s_∂n.-a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- a-dn-b°p-´n,- en-√n,- tPm-k-^v,tPm-bn,- kn-kn-en,- tPmkv,- a-cn-b,- en-√n.-

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sIm-f-h√q¿ t]m-en-kv kv-t‰j≥ dn-´. F-kv.sF I≠w-Ip-∂v kp-I-\y \nhm-kn¬ ]n I-cp-W-m-Ic≥ (63). ]-tc-X-cm-b N¥p-hn-s‚-bpw am-[-hnbp-sS-bpw a-I-\m-Wv. `mcy: kp-io-e. a-°ƒ: Nn¥m-a-Wn, k-ln-\ (HmUn-‰¿ k-l-I-c-W h-Ip∏v), kv-an-X, kp-[o-jv. acp-a-°ƒ: c-ta-i≥ (Kƒ^v), {]-`m-I-c≥ (Irjnh-Ip-∏v, h-b-\m-Sv), cho-{μ≥ (A-[ym-]n-I≥, I-S-ºq¿ l-b¿-sk-°≥U-dn kv-Iqƒ). k-tlm-Zc-߃: c-ho-{μ≥, N{μ≥, {]-Zo-]≥, {]-kmZv, eo-e.

Im-Zn-cn-t¡m-b ]-øm-\-°¬: ]-≠m-cØpw-h-f-∏n¬ Xm-a-kn°p-∂ ]p-fn-°-e-I-Øv Im-Zn-cn-t°m-b (78). `mcy: I-Zo-ssi. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ \n-km_v, \n-kv-^-dp-±o≥, \njm-Z-en.

Ip-ªq-e³ Nm-en-bw: Ip-f-sØm-Sn Ip-™q-e≥ (80). ]-g-bIm-e C-¥y≥ Z-en-Xv s^-U-td-j≥ {]-h¿Ø-I-\pw Z-en-Xv t\-Xmhp-am-bn-cp-∂p. k-tlm-Zc-߃: ]-tc-X-\m-b NmØp-°p-´n, ]m-©m-en, N°n-s∏-Æv, Ip-™-°n. k-©-b-\w hym-gmgvN.

am-X C-cn-ß-Æq¿: ]-tc-X-\mb ao-Ø-se ]m-hq-cv s]m-°-s‚ `m-cy am-X (90). a-°ƒ: Nm-Øp, tKm-]m-e≥, Ip-™n-cma≥, cm-L-h≥ (aq-h-cpw Kƒ-^v), N-{μn-I, tam-l\≥, h¬-k-e.

X-¦-½

s]m-¶-½

A-½-Zv

tim-`-\

am-\-¥-hm-Sn: s\-‰n°m-´n¬ {io-[-c≥ Bim-cn-bp-sS `m-cy X-¶Ω (78). a-°ƒ: k-ckp, I-a-e, im-c-Z, k-cf, hn-P-b-e-£v-an. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-c-ta-iz-c≥, DÆn-Ir-jv-W≥, cm-[mIr-jv-W≥ ]n ]n, sI Fw X-¶-®≥, ]p-jv-]mI-c≥.

am-\-¥-hm-Sn-: Im-´n-°p-fwA-∂-a-e-bn-se- \-b-\-\nhm-kn¬- ]-tc-X-\m-btam-l-≥-Zm-kn-s‚- `m-cys]m-∂-Ω- (63)-.- a-°ƒ-:- an\n,- k-‘y,- im-¥.- a-cp-a°ƒ-:- cm-Pp,- c-Xo-jv.I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: am-º-dbn-se I-cn-ßm-bn C-ømØp-´n (106).

sh-≈-ap-≠: ap-l-Ω-Z-en in-lm-_v X-߃ dn-eo-^v I-Ωn-‰n-I¨-ho-\-dpw sh≈-ap-≠ im-Jm Fkv.Sn.bp- ap≥ sk-{I-´-dnbp-am-bn-cp-∂ sh-´≥ AΩ-Zv (60). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a a-°ƒ: kn-±o-Jv, j-ao¿, dm-jn-Zv, dm-jn-Z, d-ko-\ acp-a-°ƒ: ssl-dp-∂n-k, ap-\o¿, d-lv-am≥.

Ip-dp-h: ]-tc-X-bm-b kn F-®v tZ-h-In-bp-sS a-Iƒ tim-`-\ (54). `¿Øm-hv: sIm-bn-te-cy≥ h¬-k-e≥. a-°ƒ: Aw-Pn-Øv (Kƒ^v), jn-an-Øv, k-¶o¿Ø-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Nm-μn-\n, ]-tc-X-cm-b N-{μ≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, cmtP-{μ≥.

B-bn-i-_n

ap-l-½-Z-en

tPym-Xn-jv

a-c-¡mÀ sam-Ã-

sIm-f-Ø-d: A-co-°mS≥ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy B-bn-i-_n (58). a-°ƒ: k¬-a, \m-Pn-d, C¿-jm-Zv A-en. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-ao-Zv, ap-Po-_p¿-d-lv-am≥, ap_o-\.

N-°pw-I-S-hv: ]-°p-lm-Pn ]-d-ºv ]-tc-X-\m-b B-ent°m-b-bp-sS a-I≥ H hn ap-l-Ω-Z-en (46). am-Xm-hv: \-_o-k. `m-cy: km-Pn-X. a°ƒ: j-^m-\, jm-\-hmkv, P-bv-k¬ d-lv-am≥.

am-hq¿: Ip-‰n-°-S-hv h-´°-≠n-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-cp-\n-e-Øv _m-_p-hns‚ a-I≥ tPym-Xn-jv (29). am-Xm-hv: N-{μn-I. A-hnhm-ln-X-\m-Wv.

]-Øn-cn-bm¿: aq¿-°≥Ip-≠v ]-c-∏≥ a-c-°m¿ sam-√. a-°ƒ: A-∫m-kv, ap-l-Ω-Zv, kp-sse-am≥, A-–p-√, ssk-\-_, kpss_-Z, k-eo-\, apw-Xmkv, D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp.

C-¿m-¯p-«n-

bp-h F³-Pn-\o-bÀ Bip-]-{Xn-bn a-cn-¨p; NnInÂkm ]n-g-sh-¶v _Ôp-¡Ä I-f-a-t»-cn: Xm-Sn-sb-√n-\v i-kv{X-{In-b- sN-øm≥ B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-® bp-h sF.Sn. F≥-Pn-\o-b¿ a-cn-®p. A-\-kv-Xoky \¬-In-b-Xn-se ]n-g-hm-Wv ac-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂m-tcm-]n-®v _‘p-°ƒ B-ep-h t]m-en-kn¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In. I-cn-∏m-bn tdmUn¬ ]p-jv-]-aw-K-ew ho-´n¬ ]n Un k-Æn-bp-sS a-I≥ sU-∂n k-Æn (26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. _mw-•q-cn-se sF.Sn.ÿm-]\-Øn¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂ sU∂n Rm-b-dm-gv-N-bm-Wv A-h-[n°v \m-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. I-f-a-t»-cnbn-se -tUm-Œ-dp-sS \n¿-tZ-i-{]Im-cw i-kv-{X-{In-b-bv-°m-bn Bep-h-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn-te-°p t]m-bn. B-ip-]-{Xn-

kn-.]n.Fw t\Xmhv sI hn-izw

Nn-‰q¿-: kn-.]n.Fw- Nn‰q¿- G-cn-bm- I-Ωn-‰n-bwK-hpw- ap-Xn¿-∂- t\-Xmhp-am-b- X-Ø-aw-K-ewsN-º-I-ti-cn- sI- hnizw -(71)-.- kn-.]n-.Fw- ap≥ G-cn-bm- sk-{I-´-dnbpw- Pn-√m- I-Ωn-‰n-bw-Khp-am-bn-cp-∂p.- tI-c-fI¿-j-I-kw-Lw- Pn-√msk-{I-´-dn,- kw-ÿm-\I-Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw- F-∂o- \ne-I-fn-epw- {]-h¿-Øn-®n´p-≠v.- I-em -kmw-kv-Imcn-I- cw-K-Øpw- \n-d-km∂n-[y-am-bn-cp-∂p.- Rmb-dm-gv-N- cm-{Xn- H-º-X-ctbm-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p- A¥yw.- `m-cy-:- ]-¶-P-h-√n-.a-°ƒ-:- hn-]n-≥ (Kƒ-^v-),hn-Im-kv- (_mw•q¿-).- acp-a-°ƒ-: hn-P-b-e-£v-an,kp-P.Nn-‰q¿- ta-J-e-bn-se- Ith-e-¸³ Ωyq-Wn-kv-‰v-˛-I¿-j-I- {]Ip-g¬-a-μw: B-en-¶¬ ÿm-\-߃- h-f¿-Øpho-´n¬ th-e-∏≥ (73). `m- ∂-Xn¬- ap-∂n¬-\n-∂vcy: Im¿-Xym-b-\n. a-°ƒ: {]-h¿-Øn-®- t\-Xm-hm{]-Zo-]v, {]-km-Zv. bn-cp-∂p- hn-izw.- ]p-tcma-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Pn-X, k-Pn- K-a-\- I-em-km-ln-XyX. kw-L-Øn-s‚- Pn-√-bnse- {]-h¿-Ø-\-߃-°vNp-°m-≥ ]n-Sn-®- hn-izw-,\m-S-≥-I-em- K-th-j-Wcw-K-Øv- k-Po-h-am-bn-cp∂p.- s]m-dm-´p-\m-S-Iw,- IWym¿-I-fn- Xp-S-ßn-b-hsb°p-dn-®v- ]p-kv-X-I߃- F-gp-Xn-bn-´p-≠v.t^m-Iv-tem¿- A-°m-Z-anbp-sS- A-hm¿-Upw- e-`n_m-e-Ir-jv-W³ ®n-´p-≠v.- Nn-‰q¿-˛-X-Ø-aws]-cp-tßm-´p-Ip-dn-»n: K-ew- \-K-c-k-`m- Iu-¨]-cp-Øn-∏p-≈n _-Ωkn-e-dm-bpw- {]-Xn-]-£Wq¿ ]p-fn-b-t°m-Sv hot\-Xm-hm-bpw- tk-h-\-a´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \\p-jv-Tn-®n-´p-≠v.©≥ F-gp-Ø-—-s‚ aa-½p-Zp- I≥ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: sIm-Sn(55). `m-cy: t{]-a. a°ƒ: A-\o-jv, kp-\n¬- ™n Xn-cp-Øn-bn-se ]tc-X-\m-b sIm-√w-tN-cn Ip-am¿, A-Pn-Ip-am¿. ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ a-I≥ a-Ωpk-tlm-Z-c-߃: D-ÆnZp (58). 21 mw hm¿-Uv apIr-jv-W≥, tKm-hn-μ≥Ip-´n, kzm-an-\m-Y≥, Ip- kv-enw-eo-Kv I-Ω-‰n sshkv {]-kn-U‚m-bn-cp-∂p. ©-Ω, k-Xy-`m-a, cm-P`m-cy: Ip-™n-∏m-Øp. aΩ, ]-tc-X-cm-b ]m-dp°ƒ: aq-k-°p-´n (ku°p-´n, Pm-\-In. Zn), in-lm-_p-±o≥ (a-kv°-Øv), ssa-aq-\, ap-\oth-em-bp-[³ tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: Im-™n- d, ^-ko-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: X-øn¬ A-iv-d-^v (k-uc-Øn-߬ ]-d-°p-fZn), Ip-™m-e≥-Ip-´n ]Øn¬ th-em-bp-[≥ c-∏-\-ßm-Sn, C-{_m-low (84). Ip-´n (k-u-Zn), dw-e, lm`m-cy: \m-cm-b-Wn. aP-d. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: °ƒ: c-ta-i≥, l-cn-Zmssl-{Zp, lw-k, Xn-Øok≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b kpap, Ip-™n-a-dn-bw, ]-tctc-i≥, {]-Im-i≥, kXo-i≥, Kn-co-i≥, kp-a, X-\m-b Ip-™n-t°m-b. kp-Pm-X. k-t¥m-jv. aJZo-P- cp-a-°ƒ: A-Pn-X, {]oXn, X-¶-a-Wn, cm-Pn, Ko- Xm-\m-fq¿: X-t®m-Øv X, k-Pn-X, P-bm-\-μ≥, tIm-b-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy X-d-Ω¬ J-Zo-P (58). hn-P-b≥. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sIm´m-c-°-c _m-dn-se {]-apJ A-`n-`m-j-I-\m-bn-cp∂ sIm-´m-c-°-c I-cn-°w sX-t°-°-c Ip-gn-bn-¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw A-Uz. Sn hn tPm¿-Pv (64). tI-c-fm tIm¨-{K-kv a-fi-ew {]kn-U‚pw Ip-gn-bn-¬ IpSpw-_-tbm-Kw {]-knU‚pambn-cp-∂p. sIm-´mc-°-c _m-dn-se A-`n-`mj-I-bpw ap≥ F.Pn.]nbp-am-b sN-ß-∂q¿ ]-gbn-S-Øv kq-k≥ tPm¿-Pv B-Wv `m-cy. G-I-a-Iƒ: \n-[n kq-k≥ tPm¿-Pv. acp-a-I≥ B¬-hn≥ (sF._n.-Fw, bq-tdm-∏v). kw-kv-Im-cw _p-[-\m-gv-N D-®-bv°v 2\v tIm-´-∏p-dw Hm¿-Ø-tUm-Iv-kv N¿-®n¬.

A-ѳ Hm-Sn-¨ Im-dn-Sn-¨v A-©p-h-b-Êp-Im-cn a-cn-¨p

Nn-‰q¿: A-—≥ Hm-Sn-® Im-dn-Sn-®v A-©p-h-b- p-Im-cn a-cn-®p. X-an-gv-\m-Sv kz-tZ-in-bpw h-Æm-a-S \-S-cm-P-Iu≠¿ tIm-f-\n-bn¬ Xm-a-k-°m-c-\p-am-b tZ-h-in-Ima-Wn-bp-sS a-Iƒ tem-I-{]n-bbm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂se cm-hn-se HºtXmsS-bm-bncp-∂p A]-ISw. h-Æm-a-S-bn-se kz-Im-cy-hy-‡n-bp-sS sX-ßn≥tXm-∏n¬ sN-Øp-sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-b tZ-h-in-Im-a-Wn ap-X-em-fn-bp-sS ho-´n-se -Im¿ ho-Sn-\v sh-fn-bn-te-°v C-d-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Im-dn-\p- ap-∂n¬ I-fn-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂ Ip-´n- ASn-bn¬s∏-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. Kp-cp-X-c ]cn-t°-‰ Ip-´n-sb sIm-gn-™m-ºm-d \m-´p-I-√n-se kzIm-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c£n-°m\m-bn√. sIm-gn-™m-ºm-d t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn. ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂v Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ t]m-kv-‰vtam¿-´w \-S-Øpw.

Fw.-_n.-F. hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n Xo-s¡m-fp-¯n -a-cn-¨p

Ip-‰n-t°m¬: Fw.-_n.-F. hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n tZ-l-Øv s]t{Smsfm-gn-®v Xo-s°m-fpØn acn®p. ap-∂m-Sv ]o∏nƒ C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´v Hm-^v amt\-Pv-sa‚ v Ã-Uo-kn-se H-∂mwh¿-j Fw.-_n.-F hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n kp-\nj(20)sbbm-Wv BXvalXy sNbvX \ne-bn¬ I≠Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS ho-´n-se Ip-fn-apdn-bnem-Wv kw-`-hw. Kƒ-^n¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂ `¿-Øm-hv c-Xo-jv _m_p H-cp-am-kw ap-ºv \m-´n-se-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. Fw.-_n.F. hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ-°m-bn c-≠pZn-h-k-am-bn \-S-∂ hy-‡n-Xz hn-I-k-\ Iymw-]n¬ kp-\n-j ]s¶SpØncp-∂p. \m-ep-h¿-jw ap-ºm-Wv kp-\n-j-bpw cXo-jv- _m-_p-hpw hn-hm-ln-X-cm-b-Xv. a-°-fn-√. ]nXm-hv: au-Δ¬ A-c-h-sØ ]-tc-X-\m-b kp-Ip-am-c≥. am-Xm-hv: B-i-. k-tlm-Z-cn: kp-Pn-j.

ss_-¡v ]m-S-t¯-¡p a-dn-ªv bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

a-\-s°m-Sn: \n-b-{¥-Wwhn-´ ss_-°v ]m-S-tØ-°v a-dn-™v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. H-cmƒ-°v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cnt°-‰p. a-\-s°m-Sn In-g-°pw-]p-dw G-tem-Øv h-gn-bnse tIm-d-º-Øv P-b-s‚ a-I≥ Pn-jn¬ (18) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. G-tem-Øv h-gn-bn-se i-¶-cm-b-Øv ho-´n¬ DZ-b≥ a-I≥ \n-hn-s\ (18) ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS Pn-√m Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-\-s°m-Sn A-ø-∏-t£-{XØn-\-Sp-Øv ]p-≈v tdm-Un-em-Wv A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-bXv. tdm-Un-s‚ h-i-sØ kp-c-£m `n-Øn-bn¬ C-Sn-®v ss_-°v a-dn-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]p-e¿-s® aq-t∂m-sS ]-t{Sm-fnMn-\p h-∂ A-¥n-°m-Sv t]m-en-kv tdm-Un¬ A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ In-S-°p-∂ I≠ \n-hn-s\- Pn-√m Bip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®¶nepw c£n-°m-\m-bn√. tÃPv sU-°-td-j≥ tPmen-°m-cmWv C-cp-h-cpw. Pnjn¬ Xr-iq-cn-¬ kz-Im-cy ÿm-]-\-Øn-se tPm-en°m-c-\p-am-Wv. Pn-jn-en-s‚ amXmhv: ssj-e-P. ktlm-Z-cn: Pn-\n.

_-Êpw Sn-¸Àtem-dn-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v temdn ss{U-hÀ a-cn-¨p

a-®nSn-ªp- ho-Wv sXm-gn-em-fn- a-cn-¨p Hm-bq¿ (sIm√w): sIm-´-d-bn¬ kw-c-£-W-`n-Øn \n¿-am-WØ - n-te¿-∏n-´n-cp-∂ sXm-gn-em-fn-If - p-sS ap-Ifn-te-°v a-Æn-Sn-™p-ho-Wv H-cmƒ a-cn-®p. aq-∂pt]¿°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. sN-dp-h° - ¬ sIm-√‚-gn-IØ - v ho-´n¬ tPm¨-k¨ (22) BWv a-cn-®X - v. _w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-in-If - m-b N-μ≥ (42) Ip-iv-tZm-U (23) A-Xp¬-tdm-bn (30) F∂n-h¿-°m-Wv ]-cn-t°‰-Xv. N-μs - ‚ H-cp Im-en\v H-Sn-hp-≠v. a-‰v c-≠pt]-cpw \n m-c ]-cn°p-I-tfm-sS c-£-s∏´p. C-h¿ ao-bÆ - q-cn-se kz-Im-cy sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fP - n¬ Nn-In-¬k - b - n-em-Wv. C-∂s - e D-®b - v° - v c≠n\m-bn-cp-∂p kw-`h - w. ao-bÆ - q¿ sIm-´d - ssl-kvI - qƒ P-Mvj - \ - v k-ao-]w kq-cy-bn¬ (kq-cy ss]-]vk - v) _n-\p-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ]p-cbn-S-Øn¬ sI-´n-S-\n¿-amm-W-Øn-\m-bn a-sÆ-Sp-Øp am-‰n-b ÿ-eØ - v kw-c£ - W - `n-Øn sI-´p-∂X - n-\m-bn ^n-√¿ \n¿-am-W-Øn-te¿-∏n-´ sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS apI-fn-te-°mWv ]-{¥-≠-Sn-tbm-fw s]m-°-Øn-ep-≈ a¨-Xn-´ C-Sn-™p-ho-WXv. a‰v sXm-gn-em-fn-If - pw \m´p-Im-cpw tN¿-∂v aqh-scbpw ]p-ds - Ø-Sp-Øv B-ip-]{Xn-bn-se-Øn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. a-Æn-\-Sn-bn¬ Ip-Spßn-b tPm¨-k-sW a-Æpam-¥n b-{¥-Øn-s‚ klm-bt- Øm-sS \m-´p-Im-cpw A-·n-ia - \ - t- k-\m hn-`mK-hpw tN¿-∂v ap-°m¬ a-Wn-°q¿ t\-cs - Ø {i-a^ - e - am-bn ]p-ds - Ø-Sp-Øt- ∏m-tg-°pw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ]q-b∏ - f-fn t]m-en-kpw Ip-≠d - , sIm-´m-c° - c - , ]-ch - q¿ F-∂nhn-Sß - f - n¬-\n∂v A-·n-ia - \ - t- k-\m hn-`m-Kß - f - pw c£m-{]-h¿-Ø\ - Ø - n-s\-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. ]q-b∏ - ≈ - n t]men-kv ta¬\-S] - S- n-Iƒ kzo-Ic - n-®p. tPm¨-ks - ‚ ar-Xt- Z-lw ao-øÆ - q-cn-se kz-Im-cy sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-cn-°pI-bm-Wv. am-Xm-hv:- tdm-kΩ - . k-tlm-Zc - n: sP¬-kn.

A-Uz. Sn hn tPmÀ-Pv

]p¬-∏-≈n: \m-e-c h-b p-Im-c≥ Ip-f-Øn¬ hoWv a-cn-®p. ]-ø-º-≈n Ipdp-°≥-aq-e I-f-∏p-c-°¬ jm-Pp-˛-Zo-] Z-º-Xn-I-fpsS G-I a-I≥ F-Uv-hn≥ tXm-a-kv (Sp-´p) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. ap-≈≥-sIm-√n tNeq-cnse amXm-hns‚ ho-Sn\p k-ao-]-ap-≈ Ip-f-Ønem-Wv ap-ßn-a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v 5.30 Hm-sSbm-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. amXmhv Zo-] ssa-kq-cn¬ \-gvkm-Wv.

bn-se Xn-tb-‰¿ hm-S-I-bv-s°-SpØm-Wv i-kv-{X-{In-b-°p-≈ H-cp°-߃ \-S-Øn-b-sX-∂pw k¿P≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-°p ]p-d-Øp-≈ tUm-Œ-dm-bn-cp-s∂-∂pw _-‘p°ƒ ]-d-™p. F-∂m¬, A-\kv-Xo-ky \¬-In-b-Xv B-ip-]-

{Xn-bn-se tUm-Œ¿ B-sW-∂pw A-h¿ ]-d-™p. Rm-b-dm-gv-N D®-bv-°v 12\m-Wv sU-∂n-sb Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®-Xv. 4.30 Hm-sS \n-e h-j-fm-b-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v sU-∂n-sb F-d-Wm-Ipf-sØ a-s‰m-cp kz-Im-cy B-ip]-{Xn-bn-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]msb¶nepw acWw kw`-hn®p. t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jta a-c-W-Im-c-Ww hy‡amhqF∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. ar-XtZ-lw B-e-∏p-g sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´w sNøpw. kw-kv-Im-cw 18\v sIm-√w Xg-b sk-‚ v.tXm-a-kv Hm¿-ØtUm-Iv-kv ]-≈n. am-Xm-hv: tam-fn. k-tlm-Z-c≥: _n-∂n.

I-√-Sn-t°m-Sv: ]-\-b-ºmSw h-f-hn¬ sI-.-F-kv.B¿.-Sn-.kn _- pw Sn∏¿tem-dn-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn®v tem-dn ss{U-h¿ a-cn®p. a-Æm¿-°m-Sv sX-¶-c sa-gp-Ipw-]m-d h-en-b-ho´n¬ X-¶-∏-s‚ a-I≥ hn\o-Xv (26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. _-kv bm-{X-°m-cm-b Bdpt]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv-˛ ]m-e-°m-Sv tZ-io-b-]m-X-bn¬ ]-\-bºm-S-Øv C-∂-se 12.45\mbn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv \n-∂v ]m-e-°m-t´-°v h-cpI-bm- ]-\-b-ºm-Sw h-f-hn¬ sI-.F-k.v-B¿.-Sn-.kn. _- pw Sn-∏¿tem-dn-bpw bn-cp-∂ sI-.F-kv-.B¿-.Sn- Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®p-≠m-b A-]-I-Sw. C≥sk-‰n¬, acn® hn\oXv .kn _- pw ]m-e-°m-Sv `m∏¿-tem-dn-bn¬ C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cpK-Øp \n-∂p ]m-d-a-W¬ I-b-‰n-h- B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. a-e-∏p-dw aq-e-t¶m-Sn [-t\-jv ∂p-sh-∂v \m-´p-Im¿ ]-d-™p. tdmcpI-bm-bn-cp-∂ Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-bp-amWv Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®-Xv. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ (28), am-®mw-tXm-Sv sN-¥-≠v ]p- Un-\n-cp-h-i-hpw hm-l-\-߃ \n¿C-cp-hm-l-\-ß-fpw ]m-tS X-I¿- tج-ho-´n¬ B≥-kn (39), X- Øn-bn-´n-cp-∂-Xpw A-]-I-S-Øn-\p ∂p. Sn-∏¿tem-dn-bp-sS Im-_n- ©m-hq¿ kz-tZ-in ss\-Ø≥ (55), Im-c-W-am-bn. a-Æm¿-°m-Sv \n-s∂\n¬ Ip-cp-ßn-b ss{U-h-sd A-c- sX-¶-c km-c-Yn ho-´n¬ kp-Po-jv Øn-b ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kpw ssl-th a-Wn-°q-tdm-fw ]-Wn-s∏-´v Im- (25), F-S-Ø-\m-´p-I-c ]p-Ø≥-]p- t]m-en-kpw \m-´p-Im-cpw I-√-Sn_n≥ sh-´n-s∏m-fn-®m-Wv ^-b¿- c-bn¬ kp-\n¬ (20) F-∂n-h-sc ]- t°m-Sv t]m-en-kpw tN¿-∂m-Wv t^m-gv-kv ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. s]-cn- cn-°p-I-tfm-sS X-®-ºm-d-bn-se c£m-{]-h¿Ø\w \S-Ønb-Xv. ¥¬-a-Æ-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]- kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw t[m- A-]-I-S-sØØp-S¿-∂v tZ-io-b{Xn-bn-te-v-°v sIm≠p-t]mIpwh- Wn kz-tZ-in-\n Pm-\-‰n(27)s\ ]m-X-bn¬ aq-∂p a-Wn-°q-tdm-fw Kgn-bm-Wv a-c-n®-Xv. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]- tIm-b-º-Øq-cn-se B-ip-]-{Xn- Xm-K-Xw kv-Xw-`n-®p. hn-\o-Xn-s‚ cn-t°-‰ _-kv ss{U-h¿ cm- bn-epw {]-th-in-∏n-®p. A-an-X-th- am-Xm-hv: tZ-h-In. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: P(53)s\ s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-bn-se K-Øn-se-Øn-b _-kv Zn-i-am-dn Sn- hn-t\m-Zv, hn-\-b≥, kp-an-X.

X-an-gv-\m-«n _-kv a-dn-ªv a-cn-¨-h-cp-sS ar-X-tZ-l§Ä \m-«n-se-¯n-¨p N-hd - : th-fm-¶Æ - n Xo¿-∞m-S\ - Ø - n-\n-sS Xan-gv\ - m-´n-se cm-a\ - m-Y] - p-cØ - v Sq-dn-Ãv _-kv adn-™v a-cn-®h - c - p-sS ar-Xt- Z-lß - ƒ \m-´n-seØn-®p. tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w ta-°m-Sv B¬{Un≥ hn-√b - n¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b t\m-_¿-´n-s‚ a-Iƒ Pq-en-‰m ta-cn (A-Jn-e˛- 18), tIm-bn-hn-f ]m-hp-ºm X-´m-s‚ h-S° - X - n¬ am-Xyp˛-Pk - n Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-fpw tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w ta°m-Sv tb-ip-Zm-kv `-h\ - n¬ tdm-_¿-´v a-cn-bms‚ `m-cy-bp-am-b Pn-jva - am-Xyp(21) F-∂n-hcp-sS ar-Xt- Z-lß - f - m-Wv C-∂s - e cm-{Xn-tbmsS kz-tZ-ia - m-b N-hd - b - n-se-Øn-®X - v. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v \-S° - pw. sh-≈n-bm-gv-Nbm-Wv tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w C-S-h-I hn-Im-cn-bp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep-≈ kw-Lw th-fm-¶-Æn-bn-te-°v t]m-b-Xv. a-Sßn h-cpw-hg - n Rm-bd - m-gvN - cm-{Xn X-an-gv\ - m-´n-

A-Jn-e Pn-jv-am am-Xyp se cm-a\ - m-Y] - p-cØ - n-\v k-ao-]w ]m-º≥ ]me-Øn-\-Sp-Øv C-h¿ k-©-cn-® _-kv a-dnbpI-bm-bn-cp∂p. A-]I - S- Ø - n¬ 27 t]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w C-Sh - I - b - n-se ssI-°m-c≥ k-Æn tPm-k-^v, tIm-hn¬tØm-´w kz-tZ-in-I-fm-b s^-en-Iv-kv, tUmWn, sk-” F-∂n-h-¿ Kp-cp-X-c ]-cn-°pItfmsS a-[p-c sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬

NnIn¬k-bn-emWv. tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w sk‚ v B≥-{Uq-kv tZ-hm-e-b C-S-h-I hn-Im-cn ^m. A-cp¨ B-dm-S≥, ss{U-h¿ tIm-bn-hnf tPm¿-Pv tPm-k^ - v, ¢o-\¿ - N-hd - kz-tZ-in aWn-I-WvT≥, Xo¿∞m-S-I-cm-b tIm-hn¬tØm-´w ta-°m-Sv sN-dp-t»-cn-`m-Kw kz-tZ-inI-fm-b kv‰ - ≥-en, B≥-kn k-‰m-en, sUm-a\ - n°v, kva - n-Pn, {^m≥-kn-kv, _m-_p-Zm-kv, Ko-a {In-kv‰ - n, A-∂ Im-Xd - n≥, _n-μp k-Æn, e-b, jm¿-e‰ - v, sj-dn≥, {In-kv‰ - n, am-Kn, tdm-_n≥, s^-dn-b, hn-ae - m s^-dn-b, h¿-Ko-kv, tPm¨k¨, kv-an-X tPm¨-k≥, {In-kv-‰-^¿, a©p, sk-_m-Ãy≥, eo-\m sk-_m-Ãy≥, tXm-ak - v, s^-en-Ivk - v, km≥-{Um, P-\‰ - v, BÃn≥, ^m-Øn-Ωm, tdm-_¿-´v a-dn-bm≥ F-∂nh¿ sIm-√w, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw Pn-√-I-fn-se B-ip-]{- Xn-If - n¬ Nn-In¬-kb - n-em-Wv.

s{S-bn³ bm-{Xbv-¡n-sS a-cn-¨p Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: s{S-bn≥ bm-{Xbv°n-sS X-an-gv-\m-Sv kz-tZ-in lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw-aqew a-cn-®p. Xan-gv-\m-Sv \m-a-°¬ kn¬-hmws]-´n Ir-jv-W-]p-c-sØ ho-c-apØp-hn-s‚ a-I≥ cm-P-tKm-]memWv (57) a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS- aw-K-em]p-c-Øv \n-∂p sN-ss∂-bn-te°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ s{S-bn\nem-Wv kw-`-hw. Ip-g-™p-hoW cm-P-tKm-]m-en-s\ s{S-bn≥ Im-k¿-tIm-s´-Øn-b-t∏mƒ sdbn¬-th t]m-en-kpw ^-b¿t^m-gv-kpw Im-k¿-tIm-Uv P-\d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬.


6

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

14 P-\p-h-cn 2014 sNmΔ

a-®nSn-ªp- ho-Wv sXm-gn-em-fn- a-cn-¨p

ap³ No-^v sk-{I-«-dn ]n sP tXm-a-kn-sâ A-½ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: h-gp-Xbv-°m-Sv t]m-f-bn¬ ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]n sP tPm-k-^n-s‚ (dn-´. AUo-j-\¬ sk-{I-´-dn, [\-Im-cy h-Ip-∏v) `m-cy adn-bm-Ω (84˛ap≥ A-kn. sk-{I-´-dn tÃ-‰v {Sm≥-kvt]m¿-´v A-tXm-dn-‰n). arX-tZ-lw _p-[-\m-gv-N cmhn-se Hº-Xn-\v `-h-\Øn¬ F-Øn-°pw. kw-kv-Im-cw _p-[-\m-gv-N D-®-I-gn-™v 5.30 \v ]-´w sk‚ v ta-co-kv I-Øo{U-¬ skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: tPm-Wn tPm-k^v (D-]-tem-Im-bp-‡, ap≥ No-^v sk-{I-´-dn, alm-cm-jv-{S), ]n sP tXma-kv (ap≥ No-^v sk-{I-´dn, tI-c-fw), X-¶w am-Xyp (ap≥ F-Iv-kn-Iyq-´o-hv Ub-d-Iv-S¿, sse-^v C≥-jpd≥-kv tIm¿-∏-td-j≥ Hm-^v C-¥y), c-Ø≥ s^¿-Wm-≠-kv (ap≥ amt\-P¿, s^-U-d¬ _m¶v), {^m≥-kn-kv tPm-k^v (sU-]yq-´n P-\-d¬ amt\-P¿, \m-j-W¬ C≥jp-d≥-kv), an-\n tPm-k^v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: do-\ tPm-k^v, ^n-tem-an-\ tXm-a-kv (dn-´.F-Iv-kn.U-b-d-Iv-S¿, sse-^v C≥-jp-d≥-kv tIm¿-]-td-j≥ Hm-^v C¥y), tXm-a-kv am-Xyp (ap≥ sN-b¿-am≥, sse^v C≥-jp-d≥-kv tIm¿]-td-j≥ Hm-^v C-¥y), tUm. F kn s^¿-Wm≠-kv (dn-´. k-b‚n-Ãv, {io Nn-Øn-c sa-Un-°¬ sk‚¿), tUm. tim-` {^m≥-kn-kv (s{]m-^k¿, Un-]m¿-´v-sa‚ v Hm^v ssa-t{Im-_-tbm-f-Pn, sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv, Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw), knwIn≥ tXm-_n-bm-kv.

tkm-a³

]-c-ta-iz-c³

c-ho-{µ³ \m-bÀ

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Fkv.Un.]n.sF. ap≥ Xn-cph-\-¥-]p-cw Pn-√m sk{I-´-dn-bm-b a-W-°m-Sv Fw.F-kv.sI. \-K¿ Zo-]vXn lu-kn¬ tkm-a≥ (63). `m-cy: c-Xv-\-Ω. aIƒ: Zo-]v-Xn-tamƒ.

hn-gn-™w: s\-´-Øm-∂n tX-cn-hn-f tdm-U-cn-I-Øv ho-´n¬ ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ (80). `m-cy: tKm-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: hn-P-b≥, k-Xojv-Ip-am¿, kp-[. a-cp-a°ƒ: si¬-h-cm-Pv, im¥n, ]p-jv-]w.

I-g-°q-´w: I-g-°q-´w Kh. F-®v.F-kv.F- n-\p k-ao-]w A-Pn¬ \n-hmkn¬ c-ho-{μ≥ \m-b¿ (75). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b k-Xy-`m-a. a-°ƒ: F-kv A-ºn-fn, B¿ A-Pn¬-Ipam¿, F-kv I-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-_m-_p, an-\n, hn-Zym-[-c≥.

A-Uz. Sn hn tPmÀ-Pv

ao-cm-km-ln-_v

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: tXm´p-h Nn-db-Øv ]u-tem-kn-s‚ `m-cy tdm-k(78).

Im-h-\m-Sv: i-‡n-Ip-fß-c {io-ssI-em-kn¬ tkm-a-s‚ `m-cy do-Øm tkm-a≥(66). a-°ƒ: B-im i-in-Ipam¿, A-Pn-Øv tkm-a≥, A-ºn-fn Ir-jv-W-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-in-Ipam¿, {io-\n-[n A-Pn-Øv, Ir-jv-W-Ip-am¿.

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: sXm-Snbq¿ th-ß-d sIm-®p-ho´n¬ ao-cm-km-ln-_v(79). `m-cy: k-^n-b-_o-hn. a°ƒ: \-ko-a, A-–p¬ k-a-Zv, \n-km¿, kn-dm-Pv, k-Po-e-, jm-\-hm-kv, k_n-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-lnZ, \n-k, do-\, A-–p¬ k-enw, jo-_, j-co-^v.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sIm´m-c-°-c _m-dn-se {]-apJ A-`n-`m-j-I-\m-bn-cp∂ sIm-´m-c-°-c I-cn-°w sX-t°-°-c Ip-gn-bn-¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw A-Uz. Sn hn tPm¿-Pv (64). tI-c-fm tIm¨-{K-kv a-fi-ew {]kn-U‚pw Ip-gn-bn-¬ IpSpw-_-tbm-Kw {]-knU‚pambn-cp-∂p. sIm-´mc-°-c _m-dn-se A-`n-`mj-I-bpw ap≥ F.Pn.]nbp-am-b sN-ß-∂q¿ ]-gbn-S-Øv kq-k≥ tPm¿-Pv B-Wv `m-cy. G-I-a-Iƒ: \n-[n kq-k≥ tPm¿-Pv. acp-a-I≥ B¬-hn≥ (sF._n.-Fw, bq-tdm-∏v).

hn-iz-\m-Y-]n-Å

C-µn-cm-`m-bn

Ip-ªn Ir-jv-W³

_-joÀ

Ip-≠-d: sN-dp-aq-Sv Xp-≠phn-f ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ hniz-\m-Y-]n-≈ (61). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: k-c-kz-Xn- A-Ω. a-°ƒ: tKm-]-Ip-am¿, k-t¥m-jvIp-am¿, A¿-®-\. a-cp-aI≥: N-{μ≥-]n-≈.

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: hm-a-\]p-cw _w-•m-hn¬ ho´n¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ \mb-cp-sS `m-cy C-μn-cm-`mbn (77). a-°ƒ: {io-Ipam¿, cm-tP-{μ-Ip-am¿, tKm-]-Ip-am¿, P-e-P-Ipam-cn, A-\n¬-Ip-am¿, lcn-Ip-am¿, tim-`-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Kn-cn-P-Ip-amcn, k-Xn-Ip-am-cn, A-\n-XIp-am-cn, _m-e-N-{μ≥ \m-b¿, en-a, {io-P, Zn-eo]v.

k-tcm-Pn-\n A-½ Im-h-\m-Sv: i-‡n-Ip-f-ßc ap-t≈-gp-Øp-ho-´n¬ F≥ `m-kv-°-c≥-]n-≈bp-sS `m-cy sI k-tcm-Pn\n A-Ω(80). a-I≥: _n tKm-]-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-Iƒ: cm-Pn tKm-]-Ip-am¿.

tdm-k

hÀ-Kokv s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: ]-´m¬ Io-t®-cn ho-´n¬ sI hn h¿-Ko-kv(77). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p cm-hn-se 11.30 \p s]-cp-ºm-hq¿ _-tY¬-kp-tem-° bm-t°m_m-b I-Øo-{U¬ skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: a-dnbm-Ω. a°ƒ: enkn, h¬-k, tamfn.

do-¯m tkm-a³

Im-h-\m-Sv: i-‡n-Ip-f-ßc tN-cn-bn¬ I-√pw-]p-dØv Iq-´pw-hm-Xp-°¬ s]m-∂-Ω(82).

sIm-´m-c-°-c: ]q-b-∏-≈n ]q-¥p-d: ]q¥p-d ]-≈ns\-√n-∏-d-ºv ta-eq-´v P-bm- sØ-cphv Sn.kn. 46/211 kp-l-d a≥-kn¬ _-jo¿ `-h-\n¬ Pn Ip-™n-Ir(62). `mcy: A-_n-X. jv-W≥ \m-b¿(88). `ma°ƒ: \-Po_v, \-ko¿, cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b ]-fl\u-^, \-μow. a-cp-a°ƒ: m£n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: P-b, k-t\m^¿, l-jn-X, apP-b-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _o-\. ]n-Xmhv: ssk-^pA-Pn-Øv, B-i. ±o≥. am-Xmhv: kp-l-d_o-hn. `mÀKhn ssh-∏n≥: Rm-d-°¬ I- _m-e-Ir-jv-W³ f-Øn-Ø-d Ip-amc-s‚ `ms]-cp-tßm-´p-Ip-dn-»n: cy `m¿-K-hn(80). a°ƒ: ]-cp-Øn-∏p-≈n _-Ωsse-e, ap-cfn, cmPp, eWq¿ ]p-fn-b-t°m-Sv hoX, kp-Pm-X, dmWn. a-cp´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \a°ƒ: c-ho-{μ≥. ©≥ F-gp-Ø-—-s‚ aI≥ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ ap-l-½-Zv ]m-e-°m-Sv: ssP-\n-ta-Sv (55). `m-cy: t{]-a. a-°ƒ: B-e-°-]-d-ºv ap-l-Ω-Zv A-\o-jv, kp-\n¬-Ipam¿, A-Pn-Ip-am¿. (83). `m-cy: k-^n-b.

s]m-¶-½

kpaXn

ap-¯p-B-imcn

sNÃ-½-]n-Å

sh-≈d-S: h-b-en-߬ πm-¶m-´n¬ ho-´n¬ tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW-s‚ `m-cy kp-a-Xn (60). a-°ƒ: X¶w, tam-l≥-Ip-am¿. acp-a-°ƒ: tKm-]n-\mYv, KoX.

In-fn-am-\q¿: t]m-ß-\mSv ]-g-b-N-¥ sN-°m-et°m-Ww ]p-Ø≥ ho´n¬ ap-Øp-B-im-cn (78). `mcy: kp-`{Z. a°ƒ: Ir-Øn-h-m-k≥, Dj-kp-tc-{μ≥, kp-\n¬Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Xp-fkn, kptc-{μ≥, cm-P-a-Wn.

]-∑-\: ap-√-t°-cn, s\-Snb-Øv ho-´n¬ dn-´: A[ym-]-I≥ A-∏p-°p-´≥ \m-b¿(77). `m-cy: b-tim-Z-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: kn-‘p, k-‘y. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-fl-Ip-am¿, k-Po-hv.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]pcw: t\-aw Ip-f-°p-Sn-bq¿-t°m-Ww N-{μ-hn-em-k-Øn¬ ]-tcX\m-b X-¶-∏≥ ]n-≈-bpsS `m-cy sN√-Ω-]n-≈ (90). a°ƒ: th-e-∏≥ \mb¿ (dn-´. sI.F-kv.-C._n. Hmh¿-kn-b¿), N-{μa-Xn AΩ, cm-a-N-{μ≥ \mb¿, kc-kzXn, cm-tP-{μ≥ \mb¿, hn-\-b-Ip-am-c≥ \mb¿, C-μn-cm-`mbn. a-cpa°ƒ: ]p-\n-Xm tZhn, _m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈ (dn´. t]m-en-kv), kp-[mtZhn, A-∏p-°p-´≥ \mb¿, Ip-am-cn tZhn (tem-°¬ ^-≠v Un-∏m¿´v-sa‚ v), cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b¿.

_m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-Å

A-tim-Iv Ip-amÀ

sI ]n l-ao-Zv lm-Pn

In-fn-am-\q¿: sN-Ω-c-Øpap-°v en-kn `-h-\n¬ _me-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈ (80). `mcy: Ir-jvW-Ω. a°ƒ: enkn, tPmjv. a-cp-aI≥: cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b¿.

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: hm-a-\-]pcw Cu-t©-\n-bn¬ ho´n¬ A-tim-Iv Ip-am¿ (50). `m-cy: N-{μ-te-J. a°ƒ: B-tcm-a¬, A-\¥p.

Ipª³

km-hn-{Xn A-´ÀP\w

sXm-Sp-]p-g: D-≠-πm-hv {]-tZ-i-sØ ]u-c-{]-ap-J\pw ap-kv-enweo-Kv {]-h¿Ø-I-\p-am-b Ip-∏-t»cn¬ sI ] -- n l-ao-Zv lm-Pn (67). D-≠-πm-hv ap-lv-bn±o≥ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬ J-_-d-S-°n. Zo¿-L-Im-ew ap-kv-enw eo-Kv im-Jm-I-Ωn-‰n-bwKw, ap-lv-bn-±o≥ ]-≈n ]cn-]m-e-\-k-an-Xn D-]-tZ-iI t_m¿-Uv sN-b¿-am≥ F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. kp-ss_-Zbm-Wv `m-cy. a-°ƒ: sI F-®v \u-jm-Zv au-e-hn Iu-k-cn (C-amw ss\\m¿ a-kv-Pn-Zv Im-™n-c∏-≈n), sI.F-®v. sj-co^v (D-≠-πm-hv ap-lv-bn±o≥ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv sk{I-´-dn), jw-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-ko-a, k-\od, kp-[o¿. ap-kv-eo eo-Kv kw-ÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn Sn Fw k-enw, Pn-√m-{]-knU‚ v sI Fw F jp°q¿, P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn Fw F-kv ap-l-Ω-Zv, \-Kc-k-`m sN-b¿-am≥ Sn sP tPm-k-^v F-∂n-h¿ h-kXn k-μ¿-in-®p.

I-cp-W-m-I-c³ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sIm-f-h√q¿ t]m-en-kv kv-t‰j≥ dn-´. F-kv.sF I≠w-Ip-∂v kp-I-\y \nhm-kn¬ ]n I-cp-W-m-Ic≥ (63). `m-cy: kp-io-e. a-°ƒ: Nn-¥m-a-Wn, kln-\ , kv-an-X, kp-[o-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-ta-i≥ , {]`m-I-c≥ , c-ho-{μ≥ (A[ym-]-I≥).

{io-aq-e-\-Kcw: F-S-\m-Sv {]-k-∂-]p-cw tX-h-e-°m´v am-en ho-´n¬ Ip™≥(83). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se ]-Øn-\v sX-‰m-en F-kv.F≥.-Un.]n. iv-a-im-\-Øn¬. `mcy: aq-hm-‰p-]-p-g Ip-∂bv-°m¬ a-te-°p-Sn IpSpw-_mw-Kw Ip-´n. a°ƒ: X-¶, N-{μn-I, N-{μ≥, c-aWn, c-hn-Ip-am¿. a-cpa°ƒ: Ip™≥, aWn, DÆn, an\n, Pb.

A-¸p-¡p-«³ \m-bÀ

tIm-X-aw-Kew: ]-tcX\m-b Xr-°m-cn-bq¿ C©q-cn√-Øv C F≥ tKmhn-μ≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn-bp-sS `m-cy km-hn{Xn A-¥¿-P\w(96). a°ƒ: \m-cm-bW≥ \-ºq-Xncn, tZh-In A-¥¿-P\w, hn-{I-a≥ \ºq-Xncn, k-c-kz-Xn A¥¿-P\w, km-hn{Xn A¥¿-P\w, hn-jv-Wp \-ºqXn-cn, tKm-hn-μ≥ \-ºqXncn.

J-Zo-P- D-½

ssa-¡nÄ

tI-i-h³-

c-ho-{µ-\m-Y³ -\m-bÀ-

km-_p

A-¶-½

l-k³ dm-hp-¯À

Im-™n-c-∏-≈n: ]-tc-X\m-b I-´q-∏m-d- C-{_mlow lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P- D-Ω (80). J-_-d-S°w C-∂v D-®-bv°v H-∂n\v ss\-\m¿-]-≈n J-_¿ÿm-\n¬. a-°ƒ: sd-joZv, \q-dp-±o≥, j-°o¿, sdjo-\, ko-\, Pm-kv-an≥, sj-do-\, ]-tc-X-\m-b Pem-ep-±o≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-lv-d, l-b-dp-∂n-k, kp-\n, dq-_n, k-eow, lnem¬, \u-jm-Z,v ]-tc-X\m-b ssk-\p-±o≥.

D-√-e: πm-t®-cn¬ ]n kn ssa-°nƒ (Ip-´-∏≥-˛81). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b tdm-k-Ω ssa-°nƒ. a-°ƒ: tPmkv, am-Xyp, tSm-an, kn-_n, _n-Pn-tamƒ, sd-Pn-tamƒ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Pm≥-kn, X-¶Ω, jn-Pn, tPm-kn, tPmbn-kv, _n-\p.

Ip-S-bw-]-Sn-: sIm-®p-]-dºn¬- (h-S-t°-°m-´p-]-dºn¬)- sI tI-i-h≥- (79˛ dn-´.- ]n-.U-ªyq-.Un-).kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v- ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.`m-cy-: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωp°p-´n-.- a-°ƒ-: P-an-\n,- at\m-Pv- (d-_v-tIm- dq-^mkv).- a-cp-a-°ƒ-: hn-Zym-[c≥- (t]m-en-kv- Un-∏m¿-´vsa‚ v),- tkm-\ a-t\m-Pv(tZ-im-`n-am-\n,- tIm-´bw).

D-cp-fn-Ip-∂w-: C-S-t»cn¬- C ]n- c-ho-{μ-\m-Y≥\m-b¿- (59).kw-kv-Im-cwC-∂v aq-∂n-\v- ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.- `m-cy-: Ko-Xm-Ip-amcn.- a-°ƒ-: A-\p,- A-c-hnμv.- a-cp-a-I≥--: In-c¨- (hnZym-`-h≥,- s]m≥-Ip-∂w).-

F-cp-ta-en: I-\-I-∏-ew I-t√m-en-°¬ ]-tc-X-\mb sN-dn-bm-s‚ a-I≥ km-_p (46). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 3\v ap°-S ‰n.-]n.-Fw. sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: Pn-Pn (G-en-°p-´n). a-°ƒ : Pn≥-km, Po-\.

F-cp-ta-en: sIm-c-´n ssI-∏-≈n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb Ip-cym-t°m-kn-s‚ `mcy A-∂-Ω (70). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v 3\v ]p-Ø≥sIm-c-´n sk‚ v tPm-k^v-kv ]-≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. ]-tc-X ssa-e-{] sX-ß-S-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mwK-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: tam≥kn, tPm-kv (t]m-Ãv Hm^n-kv ]q-h-c-Wn), knÿ tl-a Ip-cym-t°m-kv (tlm-fnt{Im-kv tIm¨sh‚ v). a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip™p-tam≥, sse-e.

F-cp-ta-en: ]-\-®n-bn¬ l-k≥ dm-hp-Ø¿(70). J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn. `m-cy: F-cp-ta-en ]-dºn¬ Ip-ep-Xv_o-hn. a-‰p-a-°ƒ: \m-k¿ ]-\®n-bn¬ (sF.-F≥.-Sn.bp.kn. ]q-™m¿ do-Pn-b\¬ {]-kn-U‚ v). -\-koam_o-hn, ko-\m-_o-hn, tkm-^n-bm-_o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ Ako-kv, ko-\-Øv \m-k¿, A-_v-Zp¬ P-eo¬, jm-Pn C-S-°p-∂w.

cm-[ am-\-¥-hm-Sn-: a-°n-a-e No-c-°p-gn- Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy- cm-[ (55)-.-

]m-ßv: Cu-Ãv ]m-ßnse ]-≈n-sØm-Sn A_q-_-°¿ ap-kv-eym¿ (68). `m-cy: J-Zo-P.

cm-Pp-sj-«n

J-Zo-P

A-ÐpÀ-d-lv-am³

Nn-‰q¿: ap-´n-cn-Øn-bn¬ th-em-bp-[≥ (60). `m-cy: eo-e. a-°ƒ: hn-t\m-ZvIp-am¿, hn-\o-Xv, hn-t\jv, i-m-en-\n.

X-e-t»-cn: I-Xn-cq¿ A©mw ssa¬ _-kvtÃm∏n-\p k-ao-]w am-hn-e-ho´n¬ G-c-´m-¶-≠n J-Zo-P (88). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b Sn ]n ]-°p. a-Iƒ: i-ao-a. a-cp-a-I≥: a-Po-Zv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-_q´n, A-l-Ω-Zv, bq-kp-^v, l-k≥, lp-k≥, Ip™m-an, A-bn-kq-´n.

tIm-fn-b-Sp-°w: aq-Sw-_b-en-se tIm-∏ A-–p¿d-lvam≥ (65). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: \-ko¿, A¬Øm-^v (C-cp-h-cpw Zp-_bv), \-ko-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-\o¿, k-eo-e-Øv C¿^m-\. k-tlm-Z-c≥: a-laq-Zv h-b-\m-Sv.

Ip-g¬-a-μw: I-f-s∏-´n A-{Im-Sv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy I-a-em-£n (74).

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: hym-]mcn A-W-¶q¿ s\¬-°-f tdm-Un-se cm-Pp-sj-´n. im-c-Zmw-_ U-°-td-j≥ D-S-a-bm-Wv. `m-cy: D-j. a-°ƒ: A-\¥-Ir-jv-W≥, e-£oi≥, A-\p-cm-[, sh-¶tS-jv.

do-¯m-½ tPm¬

eo-em-a-Wn

A-_q-_-¡À

JZo-P

Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

am-\p-«n

A-¸p-®n

tN¿-Ø-e: tN¿-Ø-e \K-c-k-` 34˛mw hm¿-Uv shfn-bn¬ hn kn tPm-Wns‚ `m-cy do-Øm-Ω tPm¨ (78). kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: ^n-teman-\ (ap≥-kn-∏¬ tIm-SXn, tN¿-Ø-e),- F¬-kΩ,- tdm-kn-en (-{]-Xym-i Iym≥-k¿ sk‚¿), ]tc-X-\m-b Nm-t°m. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tPm-kv sN-dpsh-≈n-sh-fn-bn¬,- Ipcym-t°m-kv A-Ω-t©-cn,tPm-k-^v I-dp-I-sh-fn,sIm-®p-t{X-ky (A-cpWm-N¬{]-tZ-iv).

tN¿-Ø-e: tN¿-Ø-e ap\n-kn-∏¬ 16˛mw hm¿-Uv sI ]n a-Wn-b-\m-Nm-cnbp-sS `m-cy eo-em-a-Wn (61).kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn.a-°ƒ: am-b,- _n-μp, -atl-jv.- a-cp-a-°ƒ: _n-Pptam≥,- {]-Pn-Xv.

h-Sp-X-e: B-ep-¶-sh-fn Fw F A-_q-_-°¿ (70). `m-cy: _o-hn. a-°ƒ: ku-Z-Øv, l-k-\-Øv, kp¬-^-Øv, kp¬-^n°¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ln-em¬, \m-k¿, bm-k¿, kpep-tamƒ.

cm-[m-a-Wn

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: ]m-dm-ense ]-tc-X-\m-b Np-¶°m-c≥ A-Nyp-X-s‚ `mcy I-tÆm-Øpw-I-≠n am-[-hn (97). a-°ƒ: ku-an-\n, eo-e, cm-a-N{μ≥, Zn-hm-I-c≥, kp-[mI-c≥, iym-a-f, ]-tc-Xbm-b i-Ip-¥-f. a-cp-a°ƒ: _m-e≥, k-Xn, kp-a, do-\.

B-e-Øq¿: hm-\q¿ s\Sp-tßm-´p]-d-ºv \mepsk-‚ v ho-´n¬ Nm-anbp-sS a-Iƒ cm-[m-a-Wn F-∂ cm-[ (64). k-tlmZ-cn-am¿: X-¶w, e-£v-an.

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: tIm-´-∏-Sn sh-≈-d Ip-cym-t°m-kv (81). tIm-´-∏-Sn ku-Øv C-¥y≥ kn≥-Un-t°-‰v am-t\-P¿, hn-P-b tIm¿]-td-j≥, ]o-∏nƒ-kv Ipdo-kv F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ta-co-kv. a-°ƒ: do-\n, cmPn, ssj-\n, en-‰n, tPmk-^v, em¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h¿-Ko-kv, k-Æn, sF-hn, ]-tc-X-cm-b tP-°-_v, t]m-fn.

Kp-cp-hm-bq-¿: I-≠m-Wt»-cn \-º-gn-°m-Sv h-Sp-Xe ]-tc-X-\m-b B-im-cn Ip-™-∏p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ am-\p-´n(66). k-tlm-Z-c≥: Ip-´-∏≥.

am-[-hn

am-f: sIm-®p-IS-hv sImXp-hn¬ Ip-™p-ap-l-ΩZn-s‚ `m-cy J-Zo-P(85). J_-dS-°w C-∂pcm-hnse 11\v sIm-®p-IS-hv ap-lnbp-±o≥ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬. a°ƒ: aPoZv, jm-\-hmkv, sFjm_n, kpl-d, A-kv-a, _o-\, ko-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: \-ko-d, koa.

sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: Im-´m-°pfw ]-Sn-™m-dv ]p-Xn-tb-gØv Im¿-Øn-tI-b≥(75). `m-cy: kp-aw-K-fw. a-°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn-Xv-Ip-am¿, a-Rv-Pp-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Pn-Xv-Ipam¿, A-\n-e.

Kp-cp-hm-bq-¿: sNm-Δ-√q¿]-Sn sI.Fw.F. sh-Pn-‰_nƒ-kv D-S-a I-≠m-Wt»-cn sIm-≠-cmw-h-f∏n¬ A-∏p-Æn(87). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂pcm-hn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: im-c-Z. a-°ƒ: Zn-hm-Ic≥, A-\-¥≥, k-Xy≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, an-\n, Ko-X, {]-Zo-]v, k-t¥m-jv, kt\m-jv, A-Pn-X≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-a, cm-Pn, N-{μnI, kv-an-X, kp-tc-jv, aZ≥-em¬, ssj-\n, kp_n-X, tc-jv-a, Zn-hy.

am-Xyp

A-½-Zv

sN-∂-tem-Sv: ]p-Xn-bmw]p-dw ]n H am-Xyp (68). `m-cy: eo-em-Ω.

sh-≈-ap-≠: sh-´≥ AΩ-Zv (60). `m-cy: ^m-Øna.

I-a-em-£n

th-e-¸³ Ip-g¬-a-μw: B-en-¶¬ ho-´n¬ th-e-∏≥ (73).

th-em-bp-[³

\n-jm-¯v bm-¡q-_v \-Sp-h-´w: \-Sp-h-´w a-tXgv-kv hn-√-bn¬ \n-jmØv bm-°q-_v (38).

[-\-e-£v-anta-em-‰q¿: Io-gm-‰q¿ h-S°pw-X-e, h-S-°pw ]p-dØv kp-μ-c≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy [-\-e-£v-an (63). a°ƒ: kp-Z¿-i≥, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿, kp-[o¿. a-cpa-°ƒ: jn-Pv-\, cm-Pn, cmP-e-£v-an.

bp-h F³-Pn-\o-bÀ Bip-]-{Xn-bn a-cn-¨p; NnInÂkm¸n-g-sh-¶v _Ôp-¡Ä I-f-a-t»-cn: Xm-Sn-sb-√n-\v i-kv{X-{In-b- sN-øm≥ B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-® bp-h sF.Sn. F≥-Pn-\o-b¿ a-cn-®p. A-\-kv-Xoky \¬-In-b-Xn-se ]n-g-hm-Wv ac-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂m-tcm-]n-®v _‘p-°ƒ B-ep-h t]m-en-kn¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In. I-cn-∏m-bn tdmUn¬ ]p-jv-]-aw-K-ew ho-´n¬ ]n Un k-Æn-bp-sS a-I≥ sU-∂n k-Æn (26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. _mw-•q-cn-se sF.Sn.ÿm-]\-Øn¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂ sU∂n Rm-b-dm-gv-N-bm-Wv A-h-[n°v \m-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. I-f-a-t»-cnbn-se -tUm-Œ-dp-sS \n¿-tZ-i-{]Im-cw i-kv-{X-{In-b-bv-°m-bn Bep-h-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn-te-°p t]m-bn. B-ip-]-{Xn-

bn-se Xn-tb-‰¿ hm-S-I-bv-s°-SpØm-Wv i-kv-{X-{In-b-°p-≈ H-cp°-߃ \-S-Øn-b-sX-∂pw k¿P≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-°p ]p-d-Øp-≈ tUm-Œ-dm-bn-cp-s∂-∂pw _-‘p°ƒ ]-d-™p. F-∂m¬, A-\kv-Xo-ky \¬-In-b-Xv B-ip-]-

{Xn-bn-se tUm-Œ¿ B-sW-∂pw A-h¿ ]-d-™p. Rm-b-dm-gv-N D®-bv-°v 12\m-Wv sU-∂n-sb Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®-Xv. 4.30 Hm-sS \n-e h-j-fm-b-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v sU-∂n-sb F-d-Wm-Ipf-sØ a-s‰m-cp kz-Im-cy B-ip]-{Xn-bn-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]msb¶nepw acWw kw`-hn®p. t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jta a-c-W-Im-c-Ww hy‡amhqF∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. ar-XtZ-lw B-e-∏p-g sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´w sNøpw. kw-kv-Im-cw 18\v sIm-√w Xg-b sk-‚ v.tXm-a-kv Hm¿-ØtUm-Iv-kv ]-≈n. am-Xm-hv: tam-fn. k-tlm-Z-c≥: _n-∂n.

kp-Ip-am-c³ sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: F-S-hn-eßv ssI-X-°m-Sv kp-Ipam-c≥(65). `m-cy: ]-fln\n. a-°ƒ-: kp-_o-jv, kp-[o-jv.

ImÀ-¯n-tI-b³

A-_q-_-¡À ap-kv-eymÀ -

Hm-bq¿ (sIm√w): sIm-´-d-bn¬ kw-c-£-W-`n-Øn \n¿-am-WØ - n-te¿-∏n-´n-cp-∂ sXm-gn-em-fn-If - p-sS ap-Ifn-te-°v a-Æn-Sn-™p-ho-Wv H-cmƒ a-cn-®p. aq-∂pt]¿°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. sN-dp-h° - ¬ sIm-√‚-gn-IØ - v ho-´n¬ tPm¨-k¨ (22) BWv a-cn-®X - v. _w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-in-If - m-b N-μ≥ (42) Ip-iv-tZm-U (23) A-Xp¬-tdm-bn (30) F∂n-h¿-°m-Wv ]-cn-t°‰-Xv. N-μs - ‚ H-cp Im-en\v H-Sn-hp-≠v. a-‰v c-≠pt]-cpw \n m-c ]-cn°p-I-tfm-sS c-£-s∏´p. C-h¿ ao-bÆ - q-cn-se kz-Im-cy sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fP - n¬ Nn-In-¬k - b - n-em-Wv. C-∂s - e D-®b - v° - v c≠n\m-bn-cp-∂p kw-`h - w. ao-bÆ - q¿ sIm-´d - ssl-kvI - qƒ P-Mvj - \ - v k-ao-]w kq-cy-bn¬ (kq-cy ss]-]vk - v) _n-\p-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ]p-cbn-S-Øn¬ sI-´n-S-\n¿-amm-W-Øn-\m-bn a-sÆ-Sp-Øp am-‰n-b ÿ-eØ - v kw-c£ - W - `n-Øn sI-´p-∂X - n-\m-bn ^n-√¿ \n¿-am-W-Øn-te¿-∏n-´ sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS apI-fn-te-°mWv ]-{¥-≠-Sn-tbm-fw s]m-°-Øn-ep-≈ a¨-Xn-´ C-Sn-™p-ho-WXv. a‰v sXm-gn-em-fn-If - pw \m´p-Im-cpw tN¿-∂v aqh-scbpw ]p-ds - Ø-Sp-Øv B-ip-]{Xn-bn-se-Øn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. a-Æn-\-Sn-bn¬ Ip-Spßn-b tPm¨-k-sW a-Æpam-¥n b-{¥-Øn-s‚ klm-bt- Øm-sS \m-´p-Im-cpw A-·n-ia - \ - t- k-\m hn-`mK-hpw tN¿-∂v ap-°m¬ a-Wn-°q¿ t\-cs - Ø {i-a^ - e - am-bn ]p-ds - Ø-Sp-Øt- ∏m-tg-°pw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ]q-b∏ - f-fn t]m-en-kpw Ip-≠d - , sIm-´m-c° - c - , ]-ch - q¿ F-∂nhn-Sß - f - n¬-\n∂v A-·n-ia - \ - t- k-\m hn-`m-Kß - f - pw c£m-{]-h¿-Ø\ - Ø - n-s\-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. ]q-b∏ - ≈ - n t]men-kv ta¬\-S] - S- n-Iƒ kzo-Ic - n-®p. tPm¨-ks - ‚ ar-Xt- Z-lw ao-øÆ - q-cn-se kz-Im-cy sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-cn-°pI-bm-Wv. am-Xm-hv:- tdm-kΩ - . k-tlm-Zc - n: sP¬-kn.

ss_¡n-Sn-¨v ]-cn-t¡-ä hr-²³ a-cn-¨p I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: ss_-°-n-Sn-®v Nn-In¬-k-bn¬ B-

bn-cp-∂ hr-≤≥ a-cn-®p. Ip-e-ti-J-c-]p-cw tIm-´-°∏p-dw h-S-°-S-Øv h-S-°-Xn¬ ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ sN-´nbm¿(62) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw ]p-Xn-b-Im-hv Im-´n¬-I-S-hv tdmUn¬ I-h-dm-´v P-Mv-j-\n¬-h-®v h-gn-bm-{X-°m-c-\mb ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ sN-´n-bm-sc ss_-°n-Sn-®v ho-gv-ØpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-I-S-sØØp-S¿-∂v B-e-∏p-g saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®¶n-epw C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s®aq-∂n-\v a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: e£v-an-°p-´n. a-I≥: A-P-b-Ip-am¿. I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

ao³]n-Sn¯¯n-\n-sS a-cn-¨p

I-g-°q-´w: Xp-º ]p-Xph¬ ]p-c-bn-S-Øn¬ tPm¨-k¨ (55) I-S-en-¬ ao≥]n-Sn-°p-∂Xn-\n-S-bn¬ a-cn-®p. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v ssk-a≥ tKm-a-kn-t\msSm-∏w ss^-_¿ h-≈Øn¬ ao≥-]n-Sn-°m≥ t]m-I-sh h-≈-Øn¬ hoWv ]-cn-t°-‰p. B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p-sh-¶n-epw a-cWw kw-`-hn-®p. Xp-º a-¬-ky-sØm-gn-em-fn hn-I-k\-t£-a k-l-I-c-W kw-Lw `-c-W-k-an-Xn-bw-Kw, P-\-ssa-{Xn I-S-tem-c Pm-{K-X k-an-Xn-bw-K-hp-am-Wv. `m-cy: tkm-^n-b. a-°ƒ: P-Ãn≥, tPm-fn, dm-Wn a-cpa-°ƒ {In-Ão-\, kn-_n.

tIm-h-f-¯v hn-tZ-i_m-en-I a-cn¨p

tIm-h-fw: 12 h-b-kp-Im-cnbmb hn-tZ-i-_m-en-I tIm-h-f-Øv \n-cym-X-bm-bn. ^n≥-em‚ v kz-tZ-in-\n en-_¿-´n A-tdm-d jn-t∏m-f (16) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. amXm-hv C¿-a jn-t∏m-f-tbm-sSm-∏w Un-kw-_¿ 22\mWv en-_¿-´n tIm-h-f-Øv F-Øn-b-Xv. hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ Xm-a-kn-®p-h-c-sh i-\n-bm-gv-N A-h-i-bm-bn ho-gp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kz-Im-cym-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bnen-cn-s° _m-en-I Rm-b-dm-gv-N a-cn-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw tam¿-®-dn-bn-em-Wv.

A¶½ Xn-cph√: h-f-™-h-´w A-cp-hm-Ø-e-bn¬ ]-tcX\mb F kn F-{_-lman-s‚ `m-cy A-∂-Ω (85) U¬lnbn¬ \n-cym-Xbmbn. a°ƒ: X-¶®≥ , Xºn, en n, ]m-kv -‰¿ F F h¿-Kokv. a-c-p-a°ƒ: kqk-Ω, X-¶-Ω, en n, sI hn tPm-k^v, an-\n.

ss_-¡v a-dn-ªp bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p; H-cmÄ-¡v Kp-cp-X-c ]-cn-¡v

a-\-s°m-Sn: \n-b-{¥Wwhn-´ ss_-°v ]m-StØ-°v a-dn-™p bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. H-cmƒ-°v Kp-cp-X-cam-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. a-\s°m-Sn In-g-°pw-]p-dw Gtem-Øv h-gn-bn-se tIm-dº-Øv P-b-s‚ a-I≥ Pnjn¬(18) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. G-tem-Øv h-gn-bn-se i¶-cm-b-Øv ho-´n¬ D-Z-b≥ a-I≥ \n-hn-s\ (18) ]-cn°p-I-tfm-sS Pn-√mB-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-\-s°m-Sn A-ø-∏-t£-{XØn-\-Sp-Øv ]p-≈v tdm-Un-em-Wv A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-bXv. tdm-Un-s‚h-i-sØ kp-c-£m`n-Øn-bn¬ C-Sn-®v ss_-°p a-dn-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]p-e¿-s® aq-t∂m-sS ]-t{Sm-fnMn-\ph-∂ A-¥n-°m-Sv t]m-en-kv tdm-Un¬ A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ In-S-°p-∂ \n-hn-s\-bm-Wv B-Zyw I-≠-Xv. ss_-°n-s‚ sl-Uv-sse-‰v I-Øn-\n¬-°pA-tim-I³ ]m-h-d-´n: a-cp-X-bq¿ t£- ∂-Xp-I-≠v Po-∏p \n-dp-Øn t\m-°n-b-t∏m-gm-Wv A{X-Øn-\p k-ao-]w h-´w-]- ]-I-S-hn-h-c-a-dn-bp-∂-Xv. D-S-s\ C-cp-h-tc-bpw Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-®p-sh-¶n-epw Pn-jn¬ a-cn-®nd-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A∏p-Æn a-I≥ A-tim-I≥ cp-∂p. tÃ-Pv sU-°-td-j≥ ]-Wn-°m-cm-Wv C-cp-h(54). cpw. Pn-jn¬ Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy ÿm-]-\-Øn-se `m-cy: kp-\n-X-. a-°ƒ: tPm-en-°m-c-\p-am-Wv. Pn-jn-en-s‚ A-Ω: ssj-e-P. A-In, B-Xn-c. k-tlm-Z-cn: Pn-\n.

tim-`-\ Ip-dp-h: ]-tc-X-bm-b kn F-®v tZ-h-In-bp-sS a-Iƒ tim-`-\ (54). `¿-Øm-hv: sIm-bn-te-cy≥ h¬-ke≥. a-°ƒ: Aw-Pn-Øv (Kƒ^v), jn-an-Øv, k-¶o¿Ø-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Nm-μn-\n, ]-tc-X-cm-b N{μ≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, cm-tP{μ≥.

bp-hm-hv Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

{io-aq-e-\-K-cw: {]-`m-X-k-hm-cn-°n-d-ßn-b bp-hm-hv tdm-Un¬ Ip-g-™p-ho-Wp a-cn-®p. sNm-Δ-c sImt≠m-´n ta-\-t®-cn ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-√-∏-s‚ a-I≥ jm-Pn(43) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. cm-hn-se 5.30 \p \-S-°m-\n-d-ßn-b jm-Pn sImt≠m-´n tdm-Un¬ Ip-g-™pho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]-cnk-c-hm-kn-Iƒ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c£n-°m-\m-bn-√.F-d-Wm-Ip-f-sØ kz-Im-cy {Sm-h¬kv ÿm-]-\-Øn-se ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: sjm¿-Wq¿ Ip-f-∏n-≈n ap-f-bm-Sn-∏-d-ºn¬ cm-tP-izcn. a-°ƒ: iymw, iym-an-en. am-Xm-hv: kp-Ip-am-cn.

X-an-gv-\m-«n _-kv a-dn-ªv a-cn-¨-h-cp-sS ar-X-tZ-l§Ä \m-«n-se-¯n-¨p N-hd - : th-fm-¶Æ - n Xo¿-∞m-S\ - Ø - n-\n-sS Xan-gv\ - m-´n-se cm-a\ - m-Y] - p-cØ - v Sq-dn-Ãv _-kv adn-™v a-cn-®h - c - p-sS ar-Xt- Z-lß - ƒ \m-´n-seØn-®p. tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w ta-°m-Sv B¬{Un≥ hn-√b - n¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b t\m-_¿-´n-s‚ a-Iƒ Pq-en-‰m ta-cn (A-Jn-e˛- 18), tIm-bn-hn-f ]m-hp-ºm X-´m-s‚ h-S° - X - n¬ am-Xyp˛-Pk - n Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-fpw tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w ta°m-Sv tb-ip-Zm-kv `-h\ - n¬ tdm-_¿-´v a-cn-bms‚ `m-cy-bp-am-b Pn-jva - am-Xyp(21) F-∂n-hcp-sS ar-Xt- Z-lß - f - m-Wv C-∂s - e cm-{Xn-tbmsS kz-tZ-ia - m-b N-hd - b - n-se-Øn-®X - v. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v \-S° - pw. sh-≈n-bm-gv-Nbm-Wv tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w C-S-h-I hn-Im-cn-bp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep-≈ kw-Lw th-fm-¶-Æn-bn-te-°v t]m-b-Xv. a-Sßn h-cpw-hg - n Rm-bd - m-gvN - cm-{Xn X-an-gv\ - m-´n-

A-Jn-e Pn-jv-am am-Xyp se cm-a\ - m-Y] - p-cØ - n-\v k-ao-]w ]m-º≥ ]me-Øn-\-Sp-Øv C-h¿ k-©-cn-® _-kv a-dnbpI-bm-bn-cp∂p. A-]I - S- Ø - n¬ 27 t]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w C-Sh - I - b - n-se ssI-°m-c≥ k-Æn tPm-k-^v, tIm-hn¬tØm-´w kz-tZ-in-I-fm-b s^-en-Iv-kv, tUmWn, sk-” F-∂n-h-¿ Kp-cp-X-c ]-cn-°pItfmsS a-[p-c sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬

NnIn¬k-bn-emWv. tIm-hn¬-tØm-´w sk‚ v B≥-{Uq-kv tZ-hm-e-b C-S-h-I hn-Im-cn ^m. A-cp¨ B-dm-S≥, ss{U-h¿ tIm-bn-hnf tPm¿-Pv tPm-k^ - v, ¢o-\¿ - N-hd - kz-tZ-in aWn-I-WvT≥, Xo¿∞m-S-I-cm-b tIm-hn¬tØm-´w ta-°m-Sv sN-dp-t»-cn-`m-Kw kz-tZ-inI-fm-b kv‰ - ≥-en, B≥-kn k-‰m-en, sUm-a\ - n°v, kva - n-Pn, {^m≥-kn-kv, _m-_p-Zm-kv, Ko-a {In-kv‰ - n, A-∂ Im-Xd - n≥, _n-μp k-Æn, e-b, jm¿-e‰ - v, sj-dn≥, {In-kv‰ - n, am-Kn, tdm-_n≥, s^-dn-b, hn-ae - m s^-dn-b, h¿-Ko-kv, tPm¨k¨, kv-an-X tPm¨-k≥, {In-kv-‰-^¿, a©p, sk-_m-Ãy≥, eo-\m sk-_m-Ãy≥, tXm-ak - v, s^-en-Ivk - v, km≥-{Um, P-\‰ - v, BÃn≥, ^m-Øn-Ωm, tdm-_¿-´v a-dn-bm≥ F-∂nh¿ sIm-√w, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw Pn-√-I-fn-se B-ip-]{- Xn-If - n¬ Nn-In¬-kb - n-em-Wv.

s{S-bn³ bm-{Xbv-¡n-sS a-cn-¨p Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: s{S-bn≥ bm-{Xbv°n-sS X-an-gv-\m-Sv kz-tZ-in lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw-aqew a-cn-®p. Xan-gv-\m-Sv \m-a-°¬ kn¬-hmws]-´n Ir-jv-W-]p-c-sØ ho-c-apØp-hn-s‚ a-I≥ cm-P-tKm-]memWv (57) a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS- aw-K-em]p-c-Øv \n-∂p sN-ss∂-bn-te°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ s{S-bn\nem-Wv kw-`-hw. Ip-g-™p-hoW cm-P-tKm-]m-en-s\ s{S-bn≥ Im-k¿-tIm-s´-Øn-b-t∏mƒ sdbn¬-th t]m-en-kpw ^-b¿t^m-gv-kpw Im-k¿-tIm-Uv P-\d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬.


Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2014-01-14