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thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

29 Unkw-_¿ 2013 Rmb¿

s{S-bn³ X-«n hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p -

A-_q-_-¡À lm-Pn

tPm¬ am-ÌÀ- -

A-Ðp-À-d-lvam³

J-Zo-P l-Öp-½

th-ep am-ÌÀ

tKm-hn-µ³ \m-bÀ

a-½-Zv-tIm-b

B-an-\

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: Cu-Ãv In-gt°m-Øv ]p-Xp-°p-Sn A_q-_-°¿ lm-Pn (80). dn´. ]-©m-b-Øv F-Iv-knIyq-´o-hv Hm-^n-k-dm-Wv. sIm-Sp-h-≈n ap-kvenw bØow-Jm-\ sk-{I-´-dn, Ing-t°m-Øv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv ap≥ {]-kn-U‚ v, Cu-Ã-v In-g-t°m-Øv Zm-d-p¬ lpZm a-Zv-d-km {]-kn-U‚ v, sIm-Sp-h-≈n ko-\n-b-¿ kn-‰n-k¨-kv t^m-dw Aw-Kw F-∂o ÿm-\߃ h-ln-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: a-dn-b-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv A-–p-¿-d-lvam≥ (Fw.C.F-kv Pn-√m F-Ivkn-Iyq-´o-hv Aw-Kw), ssk-\p-±o≥ (Pn-±), lm-cnkv (Pn-±), \n-km¿ A-lΩ-Zv (F-kv.Un.]n.sF sIm-Sp-h-≈n a-fi-ew sk-{I-´-dn), ]m-Øp-´n, kpss_-Z, \-Zo-d, d-ko-\. acp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv (A≥km-cn t¢m-Øv am¿-´v, sIm-Sp-h-≈n), B-en-t°mb s\-√m-¶-≠n, A-–p-¿-dlv-am≥ Cu-kv-‰v In-g-t°mØv, B-en-°p-´n B-cm{ºw, ip-ss_-_-Øv, ssd\, _m-kn-e, A-^o-^.

]m-Xn-cn-t°m-Sv: tN-cn-∏d-ºv Pn.-F¬.-]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. {]-[m-\-m[ym-]-I\pw Zn-lm¿-sh-Ãv ]-ªnIv kv-Iq-fn-s‚ ÿm-]-I\p-am-b F sP tPm¨ am-ÿ (78). `m-cy: ta-cn tPm¨. a-°ƒ: tdm-bn, do-\-tPm¨, sd-Pn. a-cp-a°ƒ: sI Sn tbm-l∂m≥ tIm-e-a-e, an-\n tdm-bv, tPym-Xn sd-Pn. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D®-bv°p ti-jw aq-∂n-\v ]mXn-cn-t°m-Sv sk‚ v ta-cokv Hm¿-Ø-tUm-Iv-kv ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.-

]n kn ]m-ew: Im-°q¿ Ip-fn-tb-cn-°¬ ao-ج ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-t™mXn≥-Ip-´n lm-Pn-bp-sS aI≥ h-≈n-bm-´p-s]mbn¬ A-–p-¿-d-lvam≥(49). {]-hm-kn-bpw Im-°q¿ ^n-\n-Iv-kv ¢-∫v AwKhpw thm-fn-t_mƒ Xm-c-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: dp-Jn-ø. a-°ƒ: dp-Jv-km\ (H-º-Xmw ¢m-kv hnZym-¿-Yn-\n, \-cn-°p-\n Kh.F-®v.F-kv.F-kv), an¿km-\ (A-©mw- ¢m-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n, ]n kn ]mew F.bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ). am-Xm-hv: J-Zo-P l-÷pΩ. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: apl-Ω-Zv-lm-Pn, sam-bv-Xnlm-Pn, A-–p¬- Jm-Z¿ (Im-°q¿ ^¿-Wo-®¿), ]m-Øp-Ω-bv, B-an-\, JZo-P, ]-tc-X-bm-b ssk\-_.

F-tf-‰n¬: ]-tc-X-\m-b I-fp-°mw-Nm-en¬ A-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy J-ZoP l-÷p-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv (J-Pm-©n In-gt°m-Øv 18mw- hm¿-Uv apkvv-enw-eo-Kv), kp-sseam≥ ap-kveym¿ (F-tf‰n¬ hm-Zn-lp-kv-\), A-ehn ap-kveym¿ (hn-eym-∏f-fn B-e-∂q-cv \p-{kØp¬ C-kvemw a-Zvd-k), A-–p- -a-Zv, i-co-^v, ^mXzn-a, dp-Jn-ø, P-ao-e. a-cpa-°ƒ: D-ssk≥, _jo¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kveym¿, kp-ss_-Z, sskP, ^m-Xzn-a, kp-lv-d, km_n-d.

ap-°w: ]u-c-{]-ap-J-\pw dn-´. A-[ym-]-I-\p-am-b ]∂n-t°m-Sv D-®-°m-hn¬ th-ep- am-ÿ (82). `m-cy: eo-e. a-°ƒ: th-Wp-tKm]m¬ (t]m-kv-‰v Hm-^n-kv, sN-dp-hm-Sn), kp-tc-jv-_m_p (A-kn. am-t\-P¿, kn¬-Iv Xr-iq¿), hn-P-be-£v-an (A-[ym-]n-I, Pn.F-®v.F-kv.F-kv˛ h-Sph-≥-Nm¬), ap-c-fo-[-c≥, Ko-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-Pb≥ (X-l-kn¬-Zm¬ am\-¥-hm-Sn), tZ-h-Zm-kv (Xm-eq-°m-ip-]-{Xn Xncq¿), cm-Pn (Xm-eq-°v sse-{_-dn Iu¨-kn¬, Xr-iq¿), D-j (tam-tU¨ em-_v, ap-°w).

sIm-bn-em-≠n: A-tWe-bn-se a-tcy-°-≠n tKm-hn-μ≥ \m-b¿ (87). sIm-bn-em-≠n Xm-eq-°mip-]-{Xn Po-h-\-°m-c-\mbn-cp-∂p. I-Ωyq-Wn-Ã-v {]-ÿ-m-\-Øn-s‚ BZyIm-e {]-h¿-Ø-I-\pw thmf‚n-b¿ Iym-]v-‰-\pam-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ]m¿-hXn-A-Ω. a-°ƒ: kp-Ipam-c≥ (sl-Uv \-gv-kv sIm-bn-em-≠n Xm-eq-°mip-]-{Xn), `m-kv-I-c≥ (_n.F-kv.F≥.F¬), kp-a-Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm[, \m-cm-b-W≥ \m-b¿. k-©-b-\w hym-gmgvN.

A-tØm-fn: tXm-cm-bn In-g-s° D-°-®≥-I-≠n a-Ω-Xv-tIm-b (90).AtØm-fn ]-©m-b-Øv apkvv-enw-eo-Kv ssh-kv {]kn-U‚ v , tXm-cm-bn imJm eo-Kv {]-kn-U‚ v, tXm-cm-bn Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv a-l-√v I-Ωn-‰n J-Pm-©n F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h-¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ]-tcX-bm-b a-dn-bw. a-°ƒ: B-en, B-bn-i, bq-kp-^v (bp.F.C), ss^-k¬. acp-a-°ƒ: P-ao-e tXm-cmbn, ]-°¿-Ip-´n sIm-fØq¿, ko-\-Øv No-°ntem-Sv, sj-_n-\ Im-∏m-Sv. k-tlm-Z-c≥: ]-tc-X-\mb sam-bv-Xn.

am-hq¿: aT-Øn-emw-sXmSn B-an-\ (84). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n. a-°ƒ: A-–p-d-lnam≥ (t]m¿-´¿, am-hq¿), ap-l-Ω-Z-en, kp-sse-am≥ (I-®-h-Sw, am-hq¿), B-bni, ssk-\-_, ^m-Øn-a, kp-sse-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A–p-¿d-lvam≥ In-g-t°mØv, A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n amhq¿, B-bn-i, kp-sse-J, jm-ln-\. J-_-d-S-°w C∂v cm-hn-se 10\v am-hq¿ h-en-b-Pp-ap-A-Øv ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

Im-c-°-a-e: ]-cp-¥m-\nbn-¬ tPm-kv- (70)-.- `m-cy-: tdm-k-Ω.

s]-cn-ß-Øq¿: ao-Øse Im-hp-°p-f-ß-c A–p¿-d-lvam≥ (72). `mcy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: kn-±o-Jv (Ip]u-tem-kv ssh-Øv), A-iv-d-^v, Hm-a-t»-cn: ]p-√q-cmw-]m- ssa-aq-\-Øv, a-lv-aq-Zv d \n-e-hq-c-Iv ]u-tem-kv (tNm-bv-kv, s]-cn-ß(85). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Øq¿). a-dn-b-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: sda-cp-a-Iƒ: Im-kv-an- Ip-\nPn, tPm-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: bn¬ Im-knw, \-ko-d, t_-_n, an-\n. ssk-\-_, ep-_o-\.

Ip-ªm-bn-i

G-en-¡p-«n

_n-¿-¡p-«n- -

^-tdm-°v: ^m-dq-Jv tImf-Pv A-≠n-°m-S≥-Ip-gn Ip-∂p-Ω¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy Ip™m-bn-i (85). a-°ƒ: ho-cm≥, A-–p- -emw, ssk-\-_, ]-tc-X-cm-b ap-l-Ω-Zv, sam-bv-Xo≥. acp-a-°ƒ: bp sI _m-h, B-bn-i-°p-´n, apw-Xm-kv, ^m-Xzn-a (^m-dq-Jv- lb¿-sk-°≥-U-dn kvIqƒ A-[ym-]n-I).

t]-cm-{º: ap-°-≈n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b Io-tØm-´Øn¬ h-¿-°n-bp-sS `mcy G-en-°p-´n (85). a°ƒ: a-dn-b-°p-´n, tPmkv, am-Xyp, ^n-en-∏v, A-KÃn≥, tPm¿-Pv, eo-\, PnΩn, _n-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: eq-°, G¬-kn, km-en, B-eo-kv, tdm-kven≥, tdm-bo-kv, tPm-bn, Pn≥kn, an-\n, ]-tc-X-\m-b X¶-®≥.

I-cp-fm-bn: ]-©m-b-Øp]-Sn-bn-se ]-Øp-X-d apl-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy _n-ø°p-´n (70). a-°ƒ: A-_vZp¬ \m-k¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-jv d-^v, ju-°-Øv, ^u-kn-b, kp¬ ^n°¿, jm-P-lm≥, k¿^p-∂o-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^m-Øn-Ω kp-lv-d, ^mØn-am kp-lv-d, l-^v-kØv, \q¿-P-lm≥, d-Po-\, A-_q-_-°¿, \m-k¿.-

]m-¯p-¡p-«n th-ß-c: F-kv.-F-kv tdmUn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sh≈n-e-sØm-Sn ap-l-Ω-Zns‚ `m-cy I-cp-th-∏≥ ]mØp-°p-´n (90). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn, A-–p¬ Jm-Zn, \-^o-kp. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lv-am≥, Ip-™n-^m-Øn-Ω, \kvdn-b.-

tPm-kv-

A-ÐpÀ-d-lv-am³

hÀ-Ko-kv-

Ip-º-f: B-cn-°m-Sn Ip∂n¬ Jn-f-cn-ø \-K-dn¬ e-£who-Sv tIm-f-\n-bnse ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn (75). `m-cy-am¿: A-kv-a, ]-tcX-bm-b _o-hn. a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, ssk-\-_, \-^ok, A-j-d-^v. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-Ωp-´n, A-∫m-kv B-cn-°m-Sn, ap-l-Ω-Zv.

I¬-∏-‰: B-Zy-Im-e- IpSn-tb-‰- I¿-j-I-≥ ]p-Øq¿-h-b-en-se ]p-fn-°-bØv- h¿-Ko-kv- (89)-.- `m-cy-:]-tc-X-bm-b- ta-cn.- s\-√n°m-´n¬- Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw-.a-°ƒ-:- tXm-a-kv,- Ip-cy≥,- tPm-¨-k-¨,- eo-emΩ,- A-∂-°p-´n,- eq-kn,en-kn.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- G-enbm-Ω,- Nn-∂-Ω,- P-e-P-,t_-_n-,- tPm-Wn-,- tPmkv,- X-¶-®-≥.-

B-en -

cm-L-h³

c-≠-Øm-Wn: aq-®n-°¬ Im-sem-Sn B-en (73). a°ƒ: lp-ssk≥, bq-kp^v, ss^-k¬, kp-sseJ, \q¿-P-lm≥, dw-e. acp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, aq-k, C-kv-am-Cu¬, kpl-d, kp-sse-J, j-do-\. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v In-g-t°-∏pdw Pp-ap-A-Øv ]-≈n J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.-

Ip-‰ym-Sn: I-cn-ßm-s´ ]-g-b-Im-e tIm¨-{Kkv {]-h¿-Ø-I-\pw IpSn-tb-‰ I¿-j-I-\p-am-b C-e-hp-¶¬ cm-L-h≥ (80). `m-cy: Ip-™-Ω. a°ƒ: hn-P-b, Hm-a-\, kp-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \mWp, kp-tc-{μ≥, Ip™n-cm-a≥. k-©-b\w _p-[\mgvN.

ap-l-½-Zv lm-Pn

tI-f-¸³ I-Æq¿: A-go-t°m-Sv Ae-hn¬ e-£v-an\n-hm-knse hn ]n tI-f-∏≥ (94). I-Æq¿ sk‚ v ssa°nƒ-kv kv-Iqƒ Po-h-\°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b e-£v-an. a°ƒ: c-RvPn-\n, cm-KnWn, c-Xv-\-h-√n, A-\n¬Ip-am¿, c-Pn-X.

ssk-Xm-en-¡p-«n

]m-¯p-½

ap-l-½-Zv

I-½p- lm-Pn

I-cp-fm-bn: ]-©m-b-Øv ]-Sn-bn-se sXm-≠n-∏p-dh≥ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: djo-Zv, J-Zo-P, _-jo¿, B-bn-i, ju-°-Øv, kn±o-Jv, A-jv-d-^v, P-ao-e, dw-e, kp-ss_-Z, kp-lv-d, jm-Pn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-°o\, C-ºn-®n, -ap-\o-d, l-aoZv, d-jo-Z, dw-e, ku-Z, Aao¿, \-kv-dp-≈, I-_o¿, a-\m-^v, Xm-l-Ip-™v.-

s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: tX-e°m-Sv A-®n-{] A-–phn-s‚ a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (56). `m-cy: B-ky. a-°ƒ: djo-Zv(_-l-vdbv≥), dko-\, d-n-bm-kv. a-cp-aIƒ: X-kv-\n. J-_-d-S°w C-∂p cm-hn-se Hº-Xn-\v tX-e-°m-Sv Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.-

th-ß-c: h-en-tbm-d a™m-am-Sv Ip-dp-°≥ hen-b I-Ωp- lm-Pn (68). `m-cy: B-bn-i- l-÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^, A–p¬- K-^q¿, a≥-kq¿ (aq-h-cpw ku-Zn), ]m-ØpΩp, B-cn-^, Pw-jo-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-sambv-Xo≥, A-–p-¬ d-kmJv, A-kv-I¿, km-Pn-X, kp-a-ø, i-_v-\.-

Xn-cq¿: I-√n-߬ sX-°Øvv ssk-Xm-en-°p-´n (61). `m-cy: \-^o-kp. aI≥: \u-jm-Zv. a-cp-a-Iƒ: kp-sse-J.

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: ]-∂n-b-¶c-bn¬ ]m-fwap-dn-®p-I-S°-sh s{S-bn-\n-Sn-®p hnZym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. F≥ sI tdm-Uv k-^m A-]m¿-Svsa‚n-\p k-ao-]w N-°®≥-I-≠n-]-d-ºv ho-´n¬ C-kv-am-Cu-en-s‚ a-I≥ C¿-jm-Zv (15) B-Wp a-cn®-Xv. sh-fp-∏n-\v 5.30\p kp-_v-ln \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn\p t]m-Ipwh-gn ]-∂n-b-¶-c kp-aw-K-en I-eym-W-afi-]-Øn-\p k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. ]-c-∏n¬ Fw.Fw ssl-kv-Iq-fn¬ ]-Ømw ¢m-kv hn-Zym¿-Ynbm-bncp∂p. am-Xm-hv: a-dn-bw-_n. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: C¿-jm-\, C¿-^m-\.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n ]-cn-t¡-ä bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

I-cn-¶-√-Øm-Wn: Im-dpw ss_-°pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v ]cn-t°-‰p Nn-In¬-k-bn-embn-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv- a-cn-®p. ]q-Δ-Øm-Wn h-´-sØm-Snbn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a≥Ip-´n-bp-sS a-I≥ Ir-jv-WZm-kv (29) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. 2011 Pq-¨ \m-en-\v sN¿-∏p-f-t»-cn-bn-te-°p tPm-en-°p-t]m-Ish Im-d¬-a-Æ 29mw-ssa-en-embncp∂p A-]-I-Sw. amk-ßfmbn A-t_m-[m-h-ÿ-bnem-bn-cp-∂p. am-Xm-hv: e-£v-an. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Kn-cnP, D-jm-t_-_n, _n-μp, {]-ko-Z.-

{]-F-SX-∏o-mƒ: £m`-hkm--\an-sq-lenIA-t´-hm-kn acn¨p

t£-a-h-Ip-∏n-\p Io-gn¬ X-h-\q-cn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®ph-cp-∂ {]-Xo-£m `-h-\nse A-t¥-hm-kn A-ao¿ (26) acn®p. am-\-kn-I-hpw im-co-cn-I-hp-am-b A-kpJ-ap-≈ A-ao¿ sh-≈n-bmgv-N cm-{Xn-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv F-®v.-Fw.Un.-kn-°p- Io-gn-se A-t¥-hm-kn-bm-bn-cp-∂ A-aodn-s\- F-´p-h¿-jw ap-ºm-Wv X-h-\q-cn-se {]-Xo-£m `-h-\n-te-°p am-‰n-b-Xv.

s]m-Å-te-äp a-cn-¨p

]-tøm-fn: `¿-Xrho-´n¬ s]m-≈-te-‰v Nn-In-¬k-bnem-bn-cp-∂ bp-h-Xn a-cn-®p. Xn-t°m-Sn B-hn-°¬ a-[pc-°-≠n \-hm-kn-s‚ `m-cy X-®≥-Ip-∂v a-\-b-ØvXmg N-cn-®n¬ Ip-™-–p-√bp-sS a-Iƒ J-Zo-P-bm-Wv (27) Xr-iq-dn-se Pq-_n-en an-j≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ acn®-Xv. I-gn-™ 15\v cm-{Xn-bm-Wv J-Zo-P-bv-°v s]m-≈te-‰-Xv. a-I-fp-sS a-c-W-Øn¬ Zp-cq-l-X bps≠-∂mtcm-]n®v am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In. a-°ƒ: Xaow, \q-d, lw-Zm≥. am-Xm-hv: B-bn-i. k-tlm-Z-c߃: l-ko-\, Jm-Z¿.

Im-dn-Sn-¨v ss_-¡v bm-{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p \-Ã-¼n-c

th-em-bp-[³

In-c¬-Ip-amÀ

ap-kv-X-^

d-kn-b

sam-bv-Xp- lm-Pn

Zm-k³

`mÀ-K-hn A-½

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: Ip-μ-aw-Kew I-√-d-°p-∂p tIm-f\n-bn¬ \-√-ºn-c (84). `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b X-\n-bmbn. a-°ƒ: X-¶w, Im¿Xym-b-\n, th-em-bp-[≥. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: ap-Ip-μ≥, tKm-]m-e≥, ]-fln-\n. k©-b-\w _p-[\mgvN.

tX-™n-∏-ew: hm-°-emcn th-em-bp-[≥ (86). `mcy: am-fp. a-°ƒ: c-ho{μ≥, N-{μ≥, cm-P≥, e£-an, tZ-hp, ]p-jv-], hk-¥, c-P-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-e-N-{μ≥, \m-cm-bW≥, cm-P≥, hn-iz≥, Kw-Km-[-c≥.-

a-t©-cn: sh-≈-∏m-d-°p∂p-Ω¬ In-c¨-Ip-am¿ (67). tIm-gn-t°m-Sv F.-Pn.F-kv Hm-^n-kv dn-´. Po-h\-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: cm-[. a-°ƒ: tk-Xp-am-[h≥, {]-km-Zv-Ip-am¿, a-[pkq-Z-\≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssj-\n, kn-an-e, A-\n-X.

A-gn-bq¿: Np-¶w _o-®n¬ I-d-∏≥-ho-´n¬ ap-kv-X-^ (46). ]n-Xm-hv: ]-co-Xv. amXm-hv: _o-]m-Øp. `m-cy: ku-P-Øv. a-°ƒ: ap-jvXm-Jv, jm-\n-Zv, kp-a-ø. ktlm-Z-c-߃: l-\o-^, CJv-_m¬, k-do-\, j-ao-\ ]-tc-X-\m-b k-eow.

ap-°w: Hm-a-t»-cn sX-®ymSv X-tdm¬ C-cp-ºn-S-°-≠n kp-sse-am-s‚ `m-cy d-knb (42). a-°ƒ: B-Zn¬, A¿-jm-Zv (hn-Zym¿-YnIƒ). ]n-Xm-hv: A-ssk≥. am-Xm-hv: ssk-\-_. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ssk-^p∂o-k, ssk-em-_n.

t]-cm-{º: a-e-\-Sp-hn¬ sam-bv-Xp- lm-Pn (86). `mcy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: A-lΩ-Zv, Ip-™-–p-√, B-bni, km-Pn-X, ^m-Xzn-a. acp-a-°ƒ: \-^o-k, A-lΩ-Zv, dw-e, Ip-™- ≥, kq-∏n.

^-tdm-°v: ta-te-Ø-d Zmk≥ (71). `m-cy: b-tim-Z. a-°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ (a-e-_m¿ ssS¬-kv, ^tdm-°v), jo-P, _o-\. acp-a-°ƒ: Ir-jv-W≥-Ip´n, ]-hn-{X≥, im-en-\n. k-©-b-\w _p-[\mgvN.

t]-cm-{º: Iq-‰m-cn \m-cmb-W-°p-dp-∏n-s‚ `m-cy `m-¿-K-hn- A-Ω (74). a°ƒ: kp-tc-jv, tKm-]n\m-Y≥, {io-e-X, e-kn-X, ]-tc-X-bm-b P-b-{io. a-cpa-°ƒ: ko-X, jo-e, {io\n-hm-k≥, \-S-cm-P≥, ]tc-X-\m-b {io-\m-Yv.

\m-cm-b-W³-

A-e-hn-¡p-«n

_m-e-Ir-jv-W³

tNm-bn-¡p-«n

I-eym-Wn

D-®o-a- l-Öp-½

]q-t°m-´pw-]m-Sw: X-´ntb-°¬ I-cn-º-\-°p-∂Øv \m-cm-b-W≥ (51). `mcy: hn-P-be-£v-an. a°ƒ: c-ta-jv, c-ay. a-cp-a°ƒ: kn-Pn, {io-Ip-am¿ a-Æm¿-°m-Sv.-

Im-fn-Im-hv: a-ºm-´v-aq-ebn-se tam-bn-°¬ A-ehn-°p-´n (52). `m-cy: kqlv-d. am-Xm-hv: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: \p-l-vam≥ (Pn-±), \-jo-Z, \-_o-e. a-c-p-aI≥: kn-dm-Pv F-S-°-c.

t]-cm-{º: sN-dp-h-Æq¿ Hm-´-h-b-en-se sX-s°]d-ºn¬ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ (52). `m-cy: Pm-\-In. a°ƒ: hn-Po-jv, A-Jn¬, A-Xp-ey. k-tlm-Z-c߃: N-{μ≥, am-[-hn.

Xm-a-c-t»-cn: ]q-\q-cn-se tdj≥ hym-]m-cn- ]p-Xn-tbm´n¬ tNm-bn-°p-´n (75). `m-cyam¿: ]-tc-X-bm-b I-eym-Wn, Xn-cp-am-e. a-°ƒ: X-¶-a-Wn, kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sI.Sn l-cn-Zm-k≥, kp-Pn-X.

X-e° - p-fØ - q¿: ]-tc-X\ - m-b ]-S∂ - ° - f - Ø - n¬ cm-cn-®° - p´n-bp-sS `m-cy I-eym-Wn (89). a-°ƒ: cm-[, Iu-kp, km-hn{Xn, P-bc - m-P≥,]p-jv] - ,N - mØp-°p-´n, {]-`, Ko-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X\ - m-b I-Wm-c°p-´n, tNm-bn-°p-´n, ]-tc-X\m-b Zm-tam-Zc - ≥ , _m-et- Km]m-e≥, ]-hn-{X≥, Xn-eI - ≥, t{]-ae - X - , {]-`n-X. kw-kvI - mcw C-∂v H-ºX - n-\v sh-Ãvln¬. k-©b - \ - w hym-gw.

tIm-´° - ¬: ]-d¶ - n-aq-®n°¬ lm¿-Uvt- h-gvk - v D-Sa Ip-gn-°m-S≥ sam-bvXo≥ lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy IS-°m-S≥ D-Æo-a l-÷pΩ (65).a-°ƒ: A-–p- emw, B-bn-i, k-eo-\, ^m-dq-Jv, P-ko-\.a-cp-a°ƒ : lw-kp-∏, C-{_mlow, \-kvd - p-±o≥. J-_d - S- °w C-∂v cm-hn-se HtºXn-\v ]-d¶ - n-aq-®n-°¬ Su¨ Pp-am-ak - vP - n-Zn¬.

sX-¿-¯n-c

Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

sam-bv-Xp

Xn-cp-am-e-¡p-«n

ta-∏-øq¿: hm-ey-t°m-s´ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-´n-∏-dºn¬ Ip-am-c-s‚ `m-cy apXp-Im-Sv s]-cp-h-Æ-bn¬ sX-ø-Øn-c (75). a-Iƒ: A-Ωm-fp. a-cp-a-I≥: them-bp-[≥ (ap-Xp-Im-Sv).

I-cp-hm-c-°p-≠v: ho-´n°p-∂n-se a-e-°m-´v Ipcym-t°m-kv (92). `m-cy: A-∂-Ω. a-°ƒ: A-{_lmw, tPm-bn, km-dm-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶-Ω, kqkn, k-°-dn-b.

h-S-I-c: ta-ap-≠ h-Æm-dØv sam-b-Xp (66). `m-cy: Ip-™m-bn-i. a-°ƒ: ss^-k¬, _p-j-d, A^v-k-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^ntdm-kv (]-Xn-bm-c-°-c), A-^o-\ (]-tøm-fn).

F-c-™n-°¬: Xm-sg sh-fp-tØm-S-Øv Xn-cp-ame-°p-´n (83). k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ip-´n-s∏-cn, ]-tc-Xcm-b s]-Æq-´n, I-eymWn, tNm-bn-®p-Ip-´n. k©-b-\w Xn-¶-fmgvN.

Ip-ª-¸³

I-eym-Wn-b-½

\m-cm-b-W-s\-gp-¯-ѳ

Im-™-ßm-Sv: ap-≠tØm-´w I-√q-cm-hn-bnse ]n- sI lp-k-bv-\m¿ (65). `m-cy: B-bn-i.

tem-dn a-dn-ªv ss{U-hÀ a-cn-¨p

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: I-cn-¶-√v I- b - ‰ n- h - c p- I - b m- b n- c p- ∂ tem-dn \n-b-{¥-Ww-hn-´v adn-™v ss{U-h¿ a-cn-®p. c≠p-t]¿-°p ]-cn-t°-‰p. Iq-Uv-ep tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvW ssl-kv-Iq-fn-\v k-ao-]sØ sI c-ta-i-\m(53)Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ¢o-\¿ Nq-cn-_-´w]m-d-bn-se tKm-]m-e≥ (40), k-lm-bn s]m-bn-\m-®n ]-d-º-bn-se \m-cm-bW≥ (40) F-∂n-h¿-°p ]-cn-t°-‰p. C-h-sc kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v A-©-c-tbm-sS s]m-bn-\m-®n-bnem-Wv A-]-I-Sw. ]-d-º-bn¬-\n-∂v s]m-bn-\m-®n-bnte-°p h-cp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ tem-dn X-e-Io-gm-bn a-dn-bpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S≥ X-s∂ ]-cn-k-c-hm-kn-Iƒ aq-∂pt]-sc-bpw B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-ta-is\ c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. `m-cy: k-c-kz-Xn. a-°-fn-√. ktlm-Z-c-߃: N-{μ-ti-J-c≥, I-kv-Xq-cn, K-tW-i-≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b ]p-cp-tjm-Ø-a≥.

Sn-¸Àtem-dn ]p-g-bn-te-¡p a-dn-ªv H-cmÄ a-cn-¨p

I-f-a-t»-cn: tdm-Uv \n¿-am-W-Øn-\p≈ sa-‰-ep-am-bn h-∂ Sn-∏¿tem-dn ap-´m¿ -]p-g-bn-te-°p a-dn-™p Icmdp-Im-c-≥ a-cn-®p. ]-´n-a-‰w F-c-∏p-]m-d C-S-t»-cn IpSn ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv (47)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Sn-∏¿-tem-dn ss{U-h¿ ]-´n-a-‰w I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬ dn-bm-kns\ (24) ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS C-S-∏-≈n-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬- {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® A-©-ctbm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. kw-c-£-W-`n-Øn X-I¿-∂p ]p-g-bn-te-°p a-dn-™ temdn-bn¬ \n∂p dn-bm-kv Nm-Sn -c-£-s∏-s´-¶n-epw Ip-™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv tem-dnbn¬ Ip-Sp-ßn-. Ip-™p-ap-l-Ω-Zn-s\ ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Øv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw a-cn-®p. `m-cy: k-^nb. a-°ƒ: k-ao-\, \n-lm-kv. a-cp-a-I≥: \u-jm-Zv.

]p¬-∏-≈n:- tZ-h¿-K-±- ]-ø-∂q¿: ]p-fp-°p-\m-Sv sIm-S-°-∏-≈o¬- Ip-™- h-S-s° ho-´n¬ I-eym∏-≥ (93).- `m-cy-:- Pm-\I - n.Wn-b-Ω (91).

ImÀ sshZypXn t]m-Ìnen-Sn-¨v ho-«-½ a-cn-¨p sN-ß-∂q¿: Fw.-kn. tdm-Un¬ Im¿ ssh-Zyp-Xn t]m-Ãn¬ C-Sn®v ho-´-Ω a-cn-®p. _mw-•q-cn¬ ÿn-c-Xm-a-k-am-°n-b N-ß-\mt»-cn ]-Ø-\m-Sv I-ß-g πm-Øm\-Øv ho-´n¬ k-Pn ]n am-Xyp-hns‚ `m-cy jo-_m am-Xyp (51) BWp a-cn-®-Xv. i-\n-bm-gv-N D-®-bv°v aq-t∂m-sS Im-c-bv-°m-Sv sh´n-∏o-Sn-I P-Mv-j-\n-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Im¿ C-Sn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v ssh-Zyp-Xn t]m-Ãv H-Sn-™v Imdn-\p ap-I-fn¬ ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. Im¿ Hm-Sn-® k-Pn-°pw ]-cnt°-‰p. 25 h¿-j-am-bn _mw-•q¿ B¿-In-sS-Iv-‰m-Wv k-Pn. {In-kv-a-kn-\m-bn \m-´n-seØn-b C-cp-h-cpw H-cp hn-hm-l-

jo-_m am-Xyp Øn¬ ]-s¶-Sp-Øp-h-cp-tºm-gmWv A-]-I-Sw. a-°ƒ: dn-©p (_mw-•q¿), tdm-kn (a-ssd≥ F≥-Po-\n-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn, sIm-®n).-

]-´m-ºn: a-cp-Xq¿ I-cn-ºp≈n Xm-g-tØ-Xn¬ \m-cmb-Ws\gp-Ø-—≥ (93).

lp-k-bv-\mÀ

tlm-Z-cn t^m¨-sN-bv-Xn-´pw F-Sp-°m-Ø-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v At\z-jn-®-t∏mƒ ho-Sv A-I-Øp\n-∂v ]q-´n-b-Xm-bn I-s≠-Øn. kw-i-bw tXm-∂n-b _-‘p°ƒ A-dn-bn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿s∂-Øn-b t]m-en-kpw ^-b¿t^m-gv-kp-w ho-Sv Ip-Øn-Øp-d∂-t∏m-gm-Wv C-cp-h-sc-bpw Ah-i-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. D-S≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®¶n-epw am-Xm-hv a-cn-®p. hn-j-°p-∏n-bpw C≥-kp-en\pw ap-dn-bn¬ \n-∂v t]m-en-kv I-s≠-Sp-Øp. {io-Pm k-μo-]v A-]-I-S-\ne X-c-Ww sN-bv-X-Xm-bn B-ip]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X¿ A-dn-bn-®p.

Xp-fp A-¡m-Z-an Aw-Kw ]-\n- _m-[n-¨v a-cn-¨p

_-Zn-b-Sp-°: tI-c-f Xp-fp A-°m-Z-an Aw-K-hpw ]pØn-sK a-fi-ew tIm¨{K-kv P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dnbp-am-b I-f-Øq¿ k-P-¶ne tPym-Xn-jm-e-b-Øn-se ]n iym-a-{]-km-Zv (28) ]\n_m-[n®v acn-®p. \yp-tamWn-b _m-[n-®v H-cm-gv-Nbm-bn Im-k¿-t°m-s´ kzIm-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N ssh-Io-´v aw-K-em-]p-cw B-ip-]-{Xn-bnte-°v am-‰n-sb-¶n-epw C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s®- a-c-n®p. s^{_p-h-cn-bn¬ C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ hn-hm-l-w \n›-bn-®ncp∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: iym-a-`-´v-. am-Xm-hv: km-hn-{Xn.

B-dm-w ¢m-kv hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn C-cn-´n: kv-Iqƒ hn-Zym¿-Yn\n-sb ho-´n-\-I-Øv Xqßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. Io-gq¿ Ip-∂nse A-tP-jv-˛c-P-\n Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-Iƒ en-bm AtP-jv(13) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-S-Øpw-I-S-hv sk‚ vtPm¨-kv Cw-•o-jv ao-Unbw kv-Iq-fn-se B-dmw- ¢mkv hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-bncp-∂p.

t^md-Ìv hm-¨-sd Im-«m-\ N-hn-«n-s¡m-¶p Kq-U-√q¿: h-\-ta-J-e-bn¬- tdm-¥p-Np‰p-Ibm-bn-

cp∂ t^m-d-Ãv- hm-®-sd- Im-´m-\- N-hn-´n-s°m-∂p.- \ºn-bq¿- kz-tZ-in- A-cp-Wm-N-e(51)-sØ-bm-Wv- Im-´m\- sIm-∂-Xv.- `-hm-\n-km-K¿- ]p-fn-bw-º-´n-˛-A-Æm-\K¿- ]m-X-bn-se- h-\-ta-J-e-bnemWv kw`-hw.

A-½m-fp

k-t´m-jv-Ip-amÀ

t]-cm-{º: ap-Xp-h-Æm-®bn-se \-Sp-°-≠n A-Ωmfp (76). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-Xbm-b Nn-cp-X, No-cp, IWm-c≥, I-eym-Wn.

t]-cm-{º: Iq-Øm-fn-bn-se tIm-´∏ - d - º - n¬ Ir-jvW - ≥Ip-´n-bp-sS-bpw am-[h - n-bpsS-bpw a-I≥ k-t¥m-jvIp-am¿ (39). k-tlm-Zc - ≥: hn-t\m-ZvI - p-am¿.

hn-jw DÅnÂ-s¨-¶v hr-²- a-cn-¨p; a-IÄ Kp-cp-X-cm-h-Ø-bn I-Æq¿: A-S-®n-´ ho-´n¬ hr-≤sb- hn-jw D≈n¬s®∂v a-cn-®\n-e-bn-epw tIm-f-Pv {]-^-k-dmb a-I-sf Kp-cp-X-cm-h-ÿ-bnepw I-s≠-Øn. I-Æq¿ F-kv.F≥. ]m¿-°v tdm-Un¬ hm-kpem¬ C-e-Iv-t{Sm-Wn-Iv-kn-\v kao-]w hn-P-b-{io-bn¬ c-am-hn-Pb-cm-L-h-\m-Wv (70) a-cn-®-Xv. C-h-cp-sS a-I-fpw Nm-e Nn-∑-ban-j≥ tIm-f-Pv e-Iv-N-d-dp-am-b {io-Pm k-μo-]n(35)-s\-bm-Wv A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ Pn-√m B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®-Xv. c-≠p-Zn-h-k-am-bn C-cp-\n-eho-Sn-s‚ ap-I-ƒ-\n-e A-S-®n-´ \n-e-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. Xm-g-sØ \n-e-bn¬ Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ k-

sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv: A-tØm-fnbn¬ ss_°n¬ Imdn-Sn®v bphmhv acn-®p. tIm-bn-°p-S-Øn¬ c-tai≥-˛-e-Xm Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ an-Yp≥(20) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw.

{io-P F-gp-Xn-b-sX-∂p I-cp-Xp∂ Ip-dn-∏v In-S-∏-d-bn¬ \n-∂v I-s≠-Sp-Øp. I-S-_m-[y-X Im-c-Ww Bfl-l-Xy sN-øp-s∂-∂m-Wv Ipdn-∏n-ep-≈-Xv. t\-c-tØ Kƒ-^n-em-bn-cp∂ hn-P-b-cm-L-h≥ c-≠p-amkw ap-ºm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. {io-Pbpw `¿-Øm-hp-am-bn hn-hm-ltam-N-\ t°-kv \n-e-\n¬-°pI-bm-Wv. _-‘p-°ƒ X-Ωn¬ kz-Øp-X¿-°-ap-≈-Xm-bpw kqN-\-bp-≠v. Su¨ t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-Ãv \-S-Øn. _-‘p-°-fp-sS ]-cmXn-bn¬ tI-sk-Sp-Ø-Xm-bn Su¨ t]m-en-kv A-dn-bn-®p.

s]m-Å-te-äv a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

h-S-°-t©-cn: Kr-l-\m-Y-s\ ho-Sn-t\m-Sp tN¿-∂ I°q-kn¬ s]m-≈-te-‰p a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. a-W-∏m-Sw h-S-t°-I-fw th-em-bp-[s\(78)bm-Wv C∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. `m-cy: s]m∂p-°p-´n. a-I≥: a-Wn-I-WvT≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: kp-a.

s\m-«-a-e h-f-hn tem-dn a-dn-ªv aq-¶mw- ¢m-kp-Im-c³ A-\y-kw-Øm-\ sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-¨p a-cn-¨-\n-e-bn a-Æm¿-°m-Sv: tIm-gn-t°m-Sv-˛]m-e-°m-Sv tZ-io-b-]m-X 213se a-Æm¿-°m-Sv s\m-´-a-e h-f-hn¬ tem-dn a-dn-™v A-\y-kw-ÿm\ sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-®p. HUo-j kz-tZ-in {io am-Pn-bp-sS a-I≥ cm-am-Pn (23) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C∂-se cm-hn-se F-t´m-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. sIm-gn-™m-ºm-dbn¬ \n-∂p Nn-In-cn-s∏m-Sn I-b‰n B-cy-ºm-hn-se tIm-gn-^m-ante-°v h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ tem-dnbm-Wv H-∂m-a-sØ sl-b¿]n≥ h-f-hn¬ \n-∂p 50 A-Sn Xmgv-N-bn-te-°v adn™-Xv. tem-dnbp-sS Iym-_n≥ ]q¿-W-am-bpw X-I¿-∂p. ss{U-h¿ sIm-gn™m-ºm-d kz-tZ-in a-Wn-IWvT≥, tem-dn-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ kn-_n F-∂n-h¿-°pw Kp-cp-

X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. C-h-sc s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n®p. cm-am-Pn kw-`-h-ÿ-e-ØpX-s∂- a-cn-®p. H-∂mw h-f-hn-se ]m-e-®p-h´n-\p k-ao-]w ssI-h-cn X-I¿Ø ti-j-am-Wv tem-dn- Xm-gv-Nbn-te-°v ]-Xn-®-Xv. Cu kabw XmgsØ tdmUn¬ hml-\߃ C√m-Xn-cp-∂Xv IqSp-X¬ A]-ISw Hgn-hm-°n. \m-´p-Imcpw t]m-en-kpw Iym-_n≥ sh-´ns]m-fn-®m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-h-sc ]pd-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. A-]-I-S-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v A-ca-Wn-°q-tdm-fw K-Xm-K-Xw X-S -s∏-´p. sIm-gn-™m-ºm-d NIn-cn ^m-Œ-dn-bn-se Po-h-\-°mc-\m-bncp∂p cm-am-Pn.

Im-h-\m-Sv: aq-∂mw-¢m-kp-Im-c\m-b kv-Iqƒ hn-Zym¿-Yn-sb ho´n-\-I-Øp a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. i- ‡ n- I pf-ß-c I-∂nta¬ tN-cnbn¬ aq-e-¶-cbv-°p k-ao]w hn-P-b-`-h\-Øn-¬ ]fl-N-{μ≥-˛-tPym-Xn Z-º-Xn-I-fpsS a-I≥ {]n-Pn-Øn(9)s\-bmWv Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-≠Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw D-®-bv-°v c≠n-\m-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. Xn-cp-ap-√m-hm-cw sk‚ v tPm¨-kv bp.-]n. kv-Iq-fn-se aq∂mw-¢m-kp-Im-c-\m-Wv {]n-Pn-Xv. k-tlm-Z-c≥: {]-W-hv.-


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thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

29 Unkw-_¿ 2013 Rmb¿

Xp-fp A-¡m-Z-an Aw-Kw ]-\n- _m-[n-¨v a-cn-¨p

A-ÐpÀ-d-lv-am³

ap-l-½-Zv lm-Pn

hÀ-Ko-kv-

tI-f-¸³

A-eo-a l-Öp-½

Ip-ª-¸³

A-ÐpÀ-d-lv-am³

\m-cm-b-W-s\-gp-¯-ѳ

s]-cn-ß-Øq¿: ao-Ø-se Im-hp-°p-f-ß-c A-–p¿d-lvam≥ (72). `m-cy: Bbn-i. a-°ƒ: kn-±o-Jv (Ip-ssh-Øv), A-iv-d-^v, ssa-aq-\-Øv, a-lv-aq-Zv (tNm-bv-kv, s]-cn-ßØq¿). a-cp-a-Iƒ: Im-kvan- Ip-\n-bn¬ Im-knw, \ko-d, ssk-\-_, ep-_o\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: sambv-Xo≥ lm-Pn, B-bn-i, Ip-™m-an, J-Zo-P, ]-tcX-cm-b A-_q-_-°¿ lmPn, A-–p¬ -Jm-Z¿.

Ip-º-f: B-cn-°m-Sn Ip∂n¬ Jn-f-cn-ø \-Kdn¬ e-£who-Sv tIm-f\n-bn-se ap-l-Ω-Zv lmPn (75). `m-cy-am¿: Akv-a, ]-tc-X-bm-b _ohn. a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, ssk-\-_, \-^o-k, A-j-d-^v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Ωp-´n, A-∫m-kv Bcn-°m-Sn, ap-l-Ω-Zv.

I¬-∏-‰: B-Zy-Im-eIp-Sn-tb-‰- I¿-j-I-≥ ]p-Øq-¿-h-b-en-se ]pfn-°-b-Øv- h¿-Ko-kv(89)-.- `m-cy-:- ]-tc-X-bmb- ta-cn.- s\-√n-°m-´n¬Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw-.- a-°ƒ-:tXm-a-kv,- Ip-cy-≥,- tPm¨-k-¨,- eo-em-Ω,- A∂-°p-´n,- eq-kn,- en-kn.a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- G-en-bm-ΩIp-dp-h-Øm-g-Øv,- Nn-∂Ω- Ip-∂-Øv,- P-e-P- shß-Øm-\-Øv,- t_-_n]p-Ø-≥-]p-c-bv-°¬,tPm-Wn- Xm-g-sØ- Xøn¬,- tPm-kv- sN-cn-bw]p-c-Øv,- X-¶-®-≥ dm-´s°m-√n.-

I-Æq¿: A-go-t°m-Sv Ae-hn¬ e-£v-an\n-hm-knse hn ]n tI-f-∏≥ (94). I-Æq¿ sk‚ v ssa°nƒ-kv kv-Iqƒ Po-h-\°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b e-£v-an. a°ƒ: c-RvPn-\n, cm-KnWn, c-Xv-\-h-√n, A-\n¬Ip-am¿ (Zp-_-bv), c-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]-Im-i≥ (l-cn Sn-tº-gv-kv, ]p-Xnb-sX-cp), P-b-cm-Pv (tIm´-°¬ B-cy ssh-Zy-ime, I-©n-t°m-Sv), kn sI {]-ho¨ (Kƒ-^v), Zo-] (F-S-Øn-e-º-ew), ]n ]n kp-tc-jv_m-_p.

]-gb - ß - m-Sn: am-´q¬ t\m¿-Øv kn-±o-Jv ]-≈n°p ko-]s - Ø hn hn Aeo-a l-÷p-Ω (90). `¿Øm-hv: ]-tc-Xb - m-b D-≈n sam-bvX - o≥Ip-´n. a-°ƒ: a-la - q-Zv, k-^n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: a-la - q-Zv lm-Pn (\Pm-Øv), kp-ss_-Z. ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: A-_q-_°¿ am-kv‰ - ¿, Ip-™m-bni, ]-tc-Xc - m-b Ip-™l - Ω-Zv lm-Pn, ap-lΩ - Z- v Ip™n-lm-Pn, D-a¿.

]p¬-∏≈ - n:- tZ-h¿-K±- - sImS-°-∏-≈o¬- Ip-™-∏-≥ (93).- `m-cy-:- Pm-\I - n.- a-°ƒ-:ap-c-fo-[-c-≥,- Hm-a-\,- tam-l\-≥,- A-Pn-Øv.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:Hm-a\ - ,- X-¶∏ - ≥ - ,- c-Xn-.-

]-g-b-ßm-Sn: ]p-Xn-bßm-Sn Pp-ap-A-Øv ssl-kv-Iq-fn-\v k-ao]w Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ sNdp-Ip-∂v kz-tZ-in ]n ]n A-–p¿-d-lv-am≥ (58). `m-cy: kp-ss_-Z. a°ƒ: dm-jn-Zv (Zp-_-bv), d-Du-^v, \m-kn-e, ssdlm-\-Øv, d-lo-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^, _m-Zvj, ap-Po-_v.

]-´m-ºn: a-cp-Xq¿ I-cnºp-≈n Xm-g-tØ-Xn¬ \m-cm-b-Ws\gp-Ø-—≥ (93). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b k-Xy-_m-e. a-°ƒ: Ieym-Wn-°p-´n, taml≥-Zm-kv, Ir-jv-W-Ipam¿ (sI.F-kv.F^v.C), _m-e-N-{μ≥ (F-¬.sF.kn). a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-hp-Æn-Ip-´n, ssj-e-P. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 8\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬.

ap-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n

C-cn-´n: a-Wn-∏m-d-bn-se am-S-t»-cn ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-cy-s‚ `m-cy ssX-∏-dºn¬ a-dn-bm-Ω (89). a°ƒ: eo-em-Ω, h¬-ke, t{K-kn, kn-ÿ Sn-\, _n-Pp, _m-_p, ]-tc-Xbm-b kn-ÿ ¢m-c-Ω. acp-a-°ƒ: X-¶-®≥, h-°®≥, tPm-kv, a-dn-bm-Ω, hn-\p.

tPm-kvIm-c-°-a-e: ]-cp-¥m-\n-bn¬ tPm-kv- (70)-.- `m-cy-: tdmk-Ω. a-°ƒ: an-\n,- _o-\,jn-_p,- _n-μp- (kn-kv-‰¿ Im-c-°-a-e).- a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-_p,- km-_p,- Pn-≥-kn.-

cm-a³ I-b-dm-Sn: ]-ø-t¶m-Sv \-SpsØm-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™-s‚ a-I≥ cm-a≥ (85). `m-cy: am-[-hn. a°ƒ: cm-[, kp-Ip. a-cp-a-°ƒ: s]m-∂-∏≥, kp-Pm-X.

I-eym-Wn-b-½ ]-ø-∂q¿: ]p-fp-°p-\mSv h-S-s° ho-´n¬ Ieym-Wn-b-Ω (91). `¿Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b tIm-Sn-b-Øv ]-Sn-™msdho-´n¬ Nn-≠s]mXp-hm-ƒ. `m-cy a-°ƒ: cm-L-h s]m-Xp-hmƒ, cm-[, kc-kz-Xn, hn-a-e (]-ø∂q¿, Jm-Zn tI-{μw), DÆn-Ir-jv-W≥ (Jm-Zn t_m¿-Uv, I-Æq¿). acp-a-°ƒ: tKm-]m-e s]m-Xp-hmƒ, km-hn{Xn, _m-e-s]m-Xphmƒ, tPm¨-k¨, k-Pn-X.

ssh-e-Øq¿: Nn-ehn¬ s\-®n-°m-´n¬ apl-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (_m-h ˛64). `m-cy: k-^n-b. a°ƒ: A-ao-d-en, ap-lΩ-Zv jm-Pn (A-_q-Z_n), ep-_o-\, k-ao-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-sambv-Xo≥, \n-jm-Zv, kp_o-d.

a-dn-bm-½

ap-l½- Z- v lm-Pn Xn-cp-\m-hm-b: ]u-c{- ]-apJ-\pw Xn-cp-\m-hm-b {Km-a∏-©m-bØ - v ap≥ {]-knU‚pw tIm¨-{K-kv Xn-cp\m-hm-b a-fie - w {]-knU‚p-am-b Xn-cp-Øn hmhq¿-Ip-∂v ta-°m-´p-Ip-fw ap-lΩ - Z- v lm-Pn (78). Xn-cp\m-hm-b A¿-_¨ tIm˛Hm-]td-‰o-hv _m-¶v {]-kn-U‚ v, ku-Øv ]√m¿ a-l√ - v I-Ωn-‰n sshkv {]-kn-U‚ v ÿm-\ß - fpw h-ln-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b dp-Jn-b.

JZo-P Ip-ºf - : ]p-Øn-sK ap-lnΩm-Øv P-\d - ¬ am-t\-Pc - mbn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X\ - m-b F sI C- p-±o≥ k-Jm-^n-bpsS am-Xm-hv J-Zo-P (64). `¿Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\ - m-b B-hf A-∫m-kv ap-kveym¿. a‰p-a° - ƒ: ap-lΩ - Z- v, lm-^nfv A-–p-√ a-Z\ - n, A-–p¬ A-ko-kv k-AZ- n (ku-Zn), A-–p¬ I-cow am-ÿ Z¿_m¿-I´- (F-kv.s - sh.-Fkv Ip-ºf - tkm¨ sk-{I´-dn), A-_q-_° - ¿ k-Jm^n (ku-Zn), D-a¿ (Zp-_bv), B-bn-i, B-kn-bΩ - , k-°n-b. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-_q°¿ jn-dn-b, A-–p¿-dlvam≥ ap-kveym¿ Im-aW - h-b¬ (ap-ln-Ωm-Øv JØ¿- I-Ωn-‰n sk-{I-´d - n), bq-kp-^v k-Jm-^n (F-kv.F-kv.F - ^ - v a-t©-iz-cw Un-hn-j≥ J-Pm-©n), l^vk - , Xm-ln-d, A-kva - , _p-jvd - .-

lp-k-bv-\mÀ Im-™-ßm-Sv: ap-≠tØm-´w I-√q-cm-hn-bnse ]n- sI lp-k-bv\m¿ (65). `m-cy: B-bni. a-°ƒ: _n-^m-Øna,- ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-™n, \hm-kv, \-ko-a, -an-kv-cnb,- iw-ko-\, ku-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-j-d-^v, dw-ko-\,- a≥-kq-d, a-laq-Zv,- sk-ao¿, lm-^n-fv k-Z-°-Øp-√. k-tlmZ-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip™n, bq-k-^v,- l-ao-Zv,B-bn-i,- an-kv-cn-b. ]tc-X-\m-b A-_q-_°¿.-

a-Wn-I-WTv ³s]m-∂m-\n: Ip-‰n-°m-Sv sXm-´n-bn¬ ]-c-ta-iz-cs‚ a-I≥ a-Wn-I-WvT≥ (48). `m-cy: C-μn-c. a-°ƒ: tc-J, tcm-jv-\n, kn-≤m¿∞v.a-cp-a-I≥: si-co-jv.

ap-l-½-ZvIp-«n am-hq¿: ap≥ {Km-knw Poh-\-°m-c≥ ]p-e-∏m-Sn apl-Ω-ZvIp-´n (58). `m-cy: l-eo-a. a-°ƒ: jm-\-hmkv, j-l¿-_m≥, ju_n-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-∂ tN-μ-aw-K-√q¿, l-°ow, jm-\p A-tØm-fn.

_-Zn-b-Sp-°: tI-c-f Xp-fp A-°m-Z-an Aw-K-hpw ]pØn-sK a-fi-ew tIm¨{K-kv P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dnbp-am-b I-f-Øq¿ k-P-¶ne tPym-Xn-jm-e-b-Øn-se ]n iym-a-{]-km-Zv (28) ]\n_m-[n®v acn-®p. \yp-tamWn-b _m-[n-®v H-cm-gv-Nbm-bn Im-k¿-t°m-s´ kzIm-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N ssh-Io-´v aw-K-em-]p-cw B-ip-]-{Xn-bnte-°v am-‰n-sb-¶n-epw C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s®- a-c-n®p. s^{_p-h-cn-bn¬ C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ hn-hm-l-w \n›-bn-®ncp∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: iym-a-`-´v-. am-Xm-hv: km-hn-{Xn.

B-dm-w ¢m-kv hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn C-cn-´n: kv-Iqƒ hn-Zym¿-Yn\n-sb ho-´n-\-I-Øv Xqßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. Io-gq¿ Ip-∂nse A-tP-jv-˛c-P-\n Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-Iƒ en-bm AtP-jv(13) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-S-Øpw-I-S-hv sk‚ vtPm¨-kv Cw-•o-jv ao-Unbw kv-Iq-fn-se B-dmw- ¢mkv hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-bncp-∂p.

t^m-d-Ìv hm-¨-sd Im-«m-\ N-hn-«n-s¡m-¶p

Kq-U-√q¿: h-\-ta-J-e-bn¬- tdm-¥p-Np‰p-Ibm-bncp∂ t^m-d-Ãv- hm-®-sd- Im-´m-\- N-hn-´n-s°m-∂p.- \ºn-bq¿- kz-tZ-in- A-cp-Wm-N-e(51)-sØ-bm-Wv- Im-´m\- sIm-∂-Xv.- `-hm-\n-km-K¿- ]p-fn-bw-º-´n-˛-A-Æm-\K¿- ]m-X-bn-se- h-\-ta-J-e-bnemWv kw`-hw.

]m-¼p-I-Sn-tb-äv a-cn-¨p

a-´-∂q¿: _n.F-kv.F≥.-F¬. Hm-^-n-kn-se Po-h-\°m-cn ]m-ºp-I-Sn-tb-‰v a-cn-®p. Ip-Sp-°n-sam-´-bn-se sX-cp-hn-se ap-S-∏-Øn lu-kn¬ dn-´. F.C.H Hm-^nkv Po-h-\-°m-c≥ {]-`m-I-c-s‚ `m-cy kn km-hn-{Xn (57)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw hoSn\p kao]w-h-®-mWv ]m-ºpI-Sn-tb-‰-Xv. B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ FØn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. a-°ƒ: \-h-\o-X, \-an-X, \-μ-I-n-tjm¿.

N-{µ-ti-J-c³

A-_q-«n

hn-P-b³-

sam-bv-Xp

{io-[-c³

\m-Kp-®n

i-¦-cn

A-Ðp-Ã

]n-Wd - m-bn: t\m¿-Øv tItfm-Øv {io-eb - Ø - n¬ hS-hX - n N-{μ-ti-Jc - ≥ (76). `m-cy: ]p-e∏ - m-Sn cm-[. a°ƒ: {io-Pn-Øv (l-b¿sk-°≥-Ud - n kvI - qƒ A[ym-]I - ≥ F.sI.Pn.F®v.F-kv.F-kv ]n-Wd - mbn), ko-a (]-≈q- ¿). a-cp-a°ƒ: Pn-en-\ (k-_v{- S-jdn, X-et- »-cn), _m-_p-cmPv (Zp-_b - v). k-tlm-Zc - n: h-Sh - X - n e-£va - n.

am-ln: Nm-e-°-c- at≠‚-hn-S hn ]n lukn¬ ]p-\-Øn¬ A_q-´n (74). `m-cy: ]mØq-´n. a-°ƒ: d-^o-Jv, d-jo-Z, d-lo-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-^o-d, Jm-Z¿, k-ao¿. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: bq-kp-^v (]q-s\), JmZ¿ (sN-ss∂).

A-º-e-h-b¬-: A-ºpIp-Øn- hn-e-ßn¬-ho´n¬- hn-P-b≥- (53)-.- tem´-dn-sØm-gn-em-fn- bq-\nb≥- (kn-.sF.Sn-.bp.)Aw-K-am-Wv.- `m-cy-: h-\P.- a-°ƒ-: Pn-Xn¬,- A-\L.- a-cp-a-Iƒ-: A-Jn-e.-

am-ln: Ip-≠p-Nn-d X_vko¿ a-l-en¬ Xm-akn-°pw ]-¥-°m-S-Øv sam-bv-Xp (67). aq-e-°-Shn-¬ hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: i-co-^. a°ƒ: Xm-ln-d, A≥-h¿, k-^o¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kndm-Pv, im-Zn, P-_o-\. ktlm-Z-c-߃: B-_q-´n, Ip-™n-∏m-Øp, \-_okp, lw-k, d-km-Jv.

]n-W-dm-bn: tIm-fm-Sv F¬.]n kv-Iq-fn-\v k-ao]w Kp-cp-°ƒ lu-kn¬ sI {io-[-c≥ (69). tImfm-Sv Nm-b°-®-h-S-°m-c\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: h-f-∏ne-°-≠n im-¥. a-°ƒ: {io-P, im-en-\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]p-jv-]≥ (Hm-t´m ss{U-h¿-, am-eq¿), a-tljv (k¿-ho-kv F≥-Pn-\ob¿, X-e-t»-cn). k-tlm-Zc-߃: c-ho-{μ≥, ]-tc-Xcm-b hm-kp, \m-Wp.

\-t√-∏n-≈n: ]m-e-∏≈w cm-b¿-I-fw B-dp-apJ-s‚ `m-cy \m-Kp-Æn (72). a-°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, X-¶-a-Wn, a-[p-c. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]p-jv-]m-hXn, N-{μ≥.

^-tdm-°v: ap-√-t»-cn i-¶cn (88). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b Zm-tam-Z-c≥. a-°ƒ: c-Xv-\m-I-c≥, t_-_n, ]tc-X-bm-b c-P-\n, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿ (an-en-´-dn). acp-a-°-ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, _m-_p, tIm-a-f, _o-\.

hn-jv-Wp-\m-Yv

Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xo³ lm-Pn-

sIm-bn-em-≠n: sIm-bnem-≠n sd-bn¬-th tÃj-\p k-ao-]w Ko-XmRvP-en-bn¬ hn-jv-Wp\m-Yv (27). {Km-^n-Iv-kv Un-ssk-\-dm-bn-cp-∂p. ]-tc-X-\m-b C Kw-Km-[c-s‚-bpw X-¶-Ω-bp-sSbpw a-I-\m-Wv. k-tlm-Zc-߃: A-cp-Wm-Ko-Xv, A-RvP-\m-Ko-Xv.

-th-ß-c: tN-dq¿ ]p-fn°¬ Ip-™n-sam-bv-Xo≥lm-Pn (75). `m-cy: a-dn-bp-Ω l-÷pΩ. a-°ƒ: A-ssk≥, A-_q-_-°-¿ (C-cp-hcpw H-am≥), A-–p¬ K^q¿ (A-_q-Z-_n), C-kvam-Cu¬ (e-≠≥), Bbn-i, k-^n-b, lm-P-d, ^m-Øn-a, D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lw-k, A–p¬ a-Po-Zv, ss^-k¬, A-–p¬ K-^q¿, A-ao¿jm ap-l-Ω-Zv, ^m-Øn-a, k-ao-d, B-cn-^, dp-ssl\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Al-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n lm-Pn, ap-lΩ-Zv lm-Pn, A-_q-_°¿ lm-Pn, A-–p- lmPn, lw-k -lm-Pn, ^mØn-a.

A-tØm-fn: Ip-™m-enb-Øv Ip-gn-°m-´v A-–p√ (82). A-tØm-fn ap-\odp¬ C-kvemw a-Zvdkm A-[ym-]I - \ - pw Su¨ Ppam-ak - vP - n-Zv ap-A±- n-\p-ambn-cp-∂p. `-mc - y: J-Zo-P. a°ƒ: kp-ld - , kn-dm-Pv, ]-tc-Xc - m-b P-ao-e, a-pl - Ω-Ze - n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-–pd-ln-am≥ Iq-ap-≈n, ap-lΩ-Zv tIm-b sh-ßf - w, ep_o-\ sIm-bn-em-≠n. ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: ^m-Øn-a, DΩ¿, ]-tc-Xc - m-b Ip-´qk, sam-bvX - o≥, A-_q_-°¿.

tKm-]m-e³

sIm-bn-em-≠n: sIm-√w sIm-°-h-b-en¬ tKmth-ßc - :- - I-Æa - w-Ke - w- ]-S- ]m-e≥ (75). `m-cy: am-[hn. a-°ƒ: tZ-hn (Pn-√m ∏-dº - v- aw-Ke - t- »-cn- tZ-hIn- A-Ω- (74)-.- `¿-Øm-hv:- - B-ip-]-{Xn, I-Æq¿), cta-jv, im-¥. a-cp-a-I≥: ]-tc-X\ - m-b- I-fØ - n¬]-tc-X-\m-b c-ho-{μ≥ Ip-´t- »-cn- Ip-™n-cm-a≥ \m-b¿- (dn-´.- k-_v- C-≥k - v- (A-tW-e). k-©-b-\w s]-Œ¿-).- a-°ƒ-:- kp-[m-I- Xn-¶fmgvN. c-≥,- D-Zb - I - p-am¿,- P-b{- ]Im-iv,- cp-Iva - n-Wn- A-Ω,- {]- ap-l-½-Zv `m-hX - n,- hn-Pb - e - £ - va - n,- h- tIm-´-°¬: tIm-gn-s®k-¥I - p-am-cn,- tim-`\ - ,- Kn- \ ]-tc-X-\m-b I-≈n-bcn-P.- a-cp-a° - ƒ-:- _m-eI - r- Øp-Ip-≠n¬ t]m-°-dnjvW - ≥ - \m-b¿,- c-ho-{μ-≥ s‚ a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (50). \m-b¿,- _m-eK - w-Km-[c - ≥ - ,- `m-cy: P-ao-e. a-°ƒ: Pam¬, \-hm-kv, dn-bm-kv, cm-tP-{μ-≥,- hn-izw-`c - ≥ - ,kn¬-P,- tl-a,- ]-tc-X\ - m- A-kv-am-_n, iw-\. a-cp-aIƒ: ssd-lm-\-Øv. b- Ir-jvW - ≥ - \m-b¿.-

tZ-h-In- A-½

Ip-ªn-Ir-jv-W³ \-¼ymÀ h-S-I-c: B-b-t©-cn-bnse s\m-®m-´v Ip-™nIr-jv-W≥ \-ºym¿ (92). Xn-cp-h-≈q¿ im-¥n-\ntI-X≥ ssl-kv-Iqƒ amt\-P¿, tIm-˛-Hm-]-td-‰ohv _m-¶v am-t\-P¿, sXcp K-W-]-Xn t£-{Xw c£m-[n-Im-cn, ]m-hq¿ ]c-tZ-h-X t£-{Xw {]-knU-‚ v F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h-¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v. a°ƒ: [¿-a-cm-P≥, ap-cfo-[-c≥, a-[p-kq-[-\≥, {io-e-X, cm-[ a-cp-a°ƒ: h-S-°-bn¬ _me≥ \-ºym¿, \-Sp-hn-e°-≠n A-®yp-X≥ \ºym¿, P-b-cm-P≥, c-Xn, B-\-μ-h-√n, P-b-{io.

Ip-«nap-k-ev ymÀcm-a] - p-cw: a-l√ - v Pp-am-akvP - n-Zv ap≥ Jm-kn-bpw sX-t°-]p-dw ln-Zm-bØp- zn-_n-bm≥ ap≥ {][m-\m- [ym-]I - \ - p-am-bn-cp∂ tNm-gn-aw-Ke - Ø - v ap-lΩ-Zv F-∂ Ip-´napkveym¿ (85). `m-cy-am¿: tIm-eI - Æ - n J-Zo-P, ]-tcX-bm-b N-°pw-sXm-Sn ssa-aq-\. a-°ƒ: A–p¬ l - ° - ow (ku-Zn), A-Uz. kn A-jvd - ^ - v Aen (Zp-_bv), ap-\o-dp-±o≥ (ku-Zn), dp-Jn-b, ^mØn-a, D-Ωp-k¬-a, k°o-\, D-Ωp¬-^f - ve - .

_m-e³- \m-bÀ F-S-h-Æ: ]-Sn-™m-sd Nm-Ø-√q¿ Im-tc-]-d-ºnse ]q-s]m-gn-™n _me≥ -\m-b¿ ( 70). `m-cy: im-¥-Ip-am-cn. a-°ƒ: apc-fo-[-c≥, D-jm-\-μn-\n, \-tc-{μ≥, cm-tP-{μ≥. acp-a-°ƒ: kw-Ko-X, c-ho{μ≥, c-ay, c-iv-an.

A-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n

F-S-°-c: Nm-Øw-ap-≠ No-Øp-I-√n-se F-c-™nbn¬ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (94). `m-c-y: ]-tc-X-bm-b Bbn-i. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, J-Zo-P ]-tc-X-bm-b- ^m-Øn-a, F-S-∏mƒ: X-h-\q¿ a-Zn-c- J-Zo-P, B-an-\, A-_v-Zpt»-cn ]-tc-X-\m-b tIm-´p- ¿d-lvam≥, dp-Jn-b, kpim-en¬ _o-cm-s‚ `m-cy ss_-Z, a-dn-b, kp-sseJ-Zo-P (82). J.

A-Ðp-Ã- lm-Pn \-Sp-hÆ - q¿: ]-c∏ - n¬ {Ik‚ v lu-kn¬ sI A–p-√- lm-Pn (94). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: _-∏≥Ip-´n (tIm-gn-t°m-Sv kn.F-®v sk‚¿ sk-{I´-dn), ap-lΩ - Z- v a-e¿-hm-Sn (sk-{I-´d - n a-kvP - n-Zp-dl - vam≥, \-Sp-hÆ - q¿), ap-lΩ-Zv _-jo¿, A-–p¬ k-eow (C-cp-hc - pw Zp_bv), J-Zo-P.

s]m-Å-te-äv a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

h-S-°-t©-cn: Kr-l-\m-Y-s\ ho-Sn-t\m-Sp tN¿-∂ I°q-kn¬ s]m-≈-te-‰p a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. a-W-∏m-Sw h-S-t°-I-fw th-em-bp-[s\(78)bm-Wv C∂-se ]p-e¿-s® c-t≠m-sS a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. A¿-[-cm-{Xn-tbm-sS a-sÆ-Æhn-f-°p-am-bn I-°qkn¬ t]m-b-Xm-bncp-∂p. hn-f-°n¬-\n-∂v D-Sp-Xp-Wn°p Xo∏n-Sn-®-Xm-hm-sa-∂p h-S-°-t©-cn t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. `m-cy: s]m-∂p-°p-´n. a-I≥: a-Wn-I-WvT≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: kp-a.

aq-¶mw- ¢m-kp-Im-c³ a-cn-¨-\n-e-bnÂ

Im-h-\m-Sv: aq-∂mw-¢m-kpIm-c-\m-b kv-Iqƒ hn-Zym¿Yn-sb ho-´n-\-I-Øp a-cn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. i‡n-Ip-f-ß-c I-∂n-ta¬ tN-cn-bn¬ aq-e-¶-c-bv-°p k-ao-]w hn-P-b-`-h-\Øn¬ ]-fl-N-{μ≥-˛-tPymXn Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ {]n-Pn-Øn(9)s\-bm-Wv Xqßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw D-®-bv°v c-≠n-\m-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. Xn-cp-ap-√m-hm-cw sk‚ v tPm¨-kv bp.-]n. kv-Iqfn-se aq-∂mw-¢m-kp-Im-c-\m-Wv {]n-Pn-Xv. A-kp-Jw Im-c-Ww kv-Iq-fn¬ t]m-hm-sX ho-´n-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂p. am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ tPm-en-°p t]m-b-Xn-\m¬ ho´n¬ tPym-Xn-bp-sS am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ am-{X-am-Wv D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. ap-dn-bn¬ I-X-I-S-®n-cp-∂ {]n-Pn-Øns\ Im-Wm-Ø-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v A-Ωq-Ω I-X-Iv X-≈nØp-d-∂-t∏mƒ Ip-´n-sb P-\-en¬ Xq-ßn-\n¬-°p-∂ \n-e-bn-em-Wp I-≠-Xv. k-tlm-Z-c≥: {]-W-hv.-

ImÀ t]m-Ìnen-Sn-¨v ho-«-½ a-cn-¨p

I-½p-¡p-«n lm-Pn

am-[-hn-b-½

ImÀ-Xym-b-\n

_o-cm³-Ip-«n

ap-l-½-Zv

Ip-ª-Ðp-Ã ap-k-ev ymÀ

A-½p-¡p-«n-b-½

A-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n-

In-gn-t»-cn: ap-≠w-]-d-ºv aw-K-e-Øv]-d-ºn¬ ]n Sn I-Ωp-°p-´n lm-Pn (63).tªm-°v ]-©m-b-Øv ap≥ Aw-Kw, Ip-gn-a-Æ afi-ew tIm¨-{K-kv ap≥ {]-kn-U‚ v ÿm-\-߃ h-ln-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: kpss_-Z. a-°ƒ: A≥-h¿jm-Pp, jm-ln¿ _m-_p, j-_o¿A-en.

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: In-g-t°mØv sN-tßm-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b ti-J-c≥ \m-b-cpsS (dn-´. hn-t√-Pv Hm-^nk¿) `m-cy am-[-hn-b-Ω (87). a-°ƒ: cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥ (Fw.Fw.F.bp.]n kvIqƒ, B-hn-tem-d), tZ-hcm-P≥, ]-tc-X-cm-b hnim-em-£n, c-ho-{μ≥. acp-a-°ƒ: C-μn-c, e-fn-X.

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: h-cn-Sym-°v ]p-Xp-t»-cn]-d-ºn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b cm-a-s‚ `m-cy Im¿Xym-b-\n (84). a-°ƒ: tKm]m-e≥, c-ho-{μ≥, Ir-jvW≥-Ip-´n, N-{μ≥, I-a-e, km-hn-{Xn, _o-\, ]-tc-X\m-b A-tim-I≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-Zm-\-μ≥, th-WptKm-]m-e≥, kp-an-{X, kp[, X-¶-a-Wn, {]-ko-P, jo_, ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-P≥.

I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: I-∑-\w ]-¥m-hq-cn-se X-fn-I-]-dºn¬ _o-cm-≥-Ip-´n (_m∏p-´n˛73). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a°ƒ: Jm-en-Zv, kp-ss_¿, in-lm-_v, ^m-Øn-a, kpss_-Z, ssa-aq-\, l-ko\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: K-^q¿, ss^-k¬, P-Av-^¿, jmP-lm≥, dp-Jn-b, D-ssa_m -_m-\p, lm-kn-d.

Xm-a-c-t»-cn: F-kv-t‰-‰vap-°v s]m-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-™n-cm-bn-s‚ a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (54). amXm-hv: ]m-Øp-Ω. `m-cy: P-ao-e. a-°ƒ: j-dm-Zv (ku-Zn), jm-ln-Zv (Zp_bv), jw-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p¬ l-ao-Zv a-Æn¬-I-S-hv, P¿-kn-e, dn≥-kn.

Ip-‰ym-Sn: tN-cm-]p-cØ - v C√-Øv Ip-™– - p-√ ap-kveym¿ (65). F-kv.ssh.Fkv Xo-°p-\n bq-\n-‰v {]-knU‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: a-dnbw. a-°ƒ: kn-dm-Pv, Pm_n¿ (C-cp-hc - pw k-em-e), ssa-aq-\Ø - v, A-kva - , Ppss_-cn-ø. a-cp-a° - ƒ: d_o-l, Ip-™_ - v-Zp-√- lmPn, a-Po-Zv, bq-k^ - v.

A-co-°m-Sv: H-X-b-aw-Kew-]-d-ºv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]p-∂-Øv kp-{_-“-Wys‚ `m-cy A-Ωp-°p-´n-bΩ (87). a-°ƒ: k-c-f, t{]-a≥, ssi-e-P, tam-l-\≥, _m-_p, A-Pn-X, k-Xy{]-Im-iv (F¬.sF.kn G-P‚ v, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv {_m-©v 3).

ta-em-‰q¿: H-en-∏p-g a-\gn-bn-se X-øn¬ A-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n (am-\p- lm-Pn˛73). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a°ƒ:kp-sse-J, A–pƒ \-hm-kv, Pm-^¿, D-Ωp-lm-\n, jm-ln-Z, keo-\, kzm-en-lv. a-cp-a°ƒ: Ip-™m-∏p, ap-lΩ-Zv, A-en, D-Ω¿, B-bni, km-ln-d, k-lv-e.

sN-ß-∂q¿: Fw.-kn. tdmUn¬ Im¿ ssh-Zyp-Xn t]m-Ãn¬ C-Sn-®v ho-´-Ω acn-®p. _mw-•q-cn¬ ÿn-cXm-a-k-am-°n-b N-ß-\mt»-cn ]-Ø-\m-Sv I-ß-g πm-Øm-\-Øv ho-´n¬ kPn ]n am-Xyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy jo-_m am-Xyp (51) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. i-\n-bm-gv-N D-®bv-°v aq-t∂m-sS Im-c-bv-°m-Sv sh-´n-∏o-Sn-I P-Mv-j-\nem-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Im¿ C-Sn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v ssh-Zyp-Xn t]m-Ãv HSn-™v Im-dn-\p ap-I-fn¬ ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Im¿ HmSn-® k-Pn-°pw ]-cn-t°-‰p. 25 h¿-j-am-bn _mw-•q¿ B¿-In-sS-Iv-‰m-Wv k-Pn. {In-kv-a-kn-\m-bn \m-´n-seØn-b C-cp-h-cpw H-cp hn-hm-l-Øn¬ ]-s¶-Sp-Øp-h-cptºm-gm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. a-°ƒ: dn-©p (_mw-•q¿), tdmkn (a-ssd≥ F≥-Po-\n-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn, sIm-®n).-

Sn-¸Àtem-dn ]p-g-bn-te-¡p a-dn-ªv H-cmÄ a-cn-¨p C-¼n-¨m-an-\

]m-¯p-½-¡p-«n

Xm-an

cm-a³

Ip-ªp-®n

a-½-Zv

th-ep -

{]-`m-I-c³

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: Nm-∏-∏Sn-bn-se ]n-Ø-s∏-cn ssl-{Z-kvIp-´n-bp-sS `mcy C-ºn-®m-an-\ (107). aIƒ: B-an-\. a-cp-a-I≥: A-–p¿-d-lvam≥.

Xm-\m-fq¿: ]-tc-X\ - m-b A ≥-a° - n-Øm-\I - Ø - v Ip™n-t∏m-°d - n-s‚ `m-cy ]mØp-Ω° - p-´n (73). a-°ƒ: l-\o-^, A-–p-∂m-k¿, dwe, A-ao¿. a-cp-aI - ≥: ]-tc-X\m-b A-–p¬ B-Zn¬.

Ip-dp-h: ]-g-a-≈q¿ k-aqk-∏-Sn I-≈n-°-f-b≥ Xm-an (80). `m-cy: e-£v-an. a-°ƒ: _m-_p-cm-P≥, Zm£m-b-Wn, hn-P-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: {io-[-c≥, tKm-]me≥, kp-a-Xn.

Xn-cp-\m-hm-b: A-ºm-Sn h-f-∏n¬ cm-a≥ (60). `mcy: ]m¿-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: kp\n¬-Ip-am¿, kp-\n-X, {]Po-jv, kv-an-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]n-b-Z¿-i-\n, _m-_p, l-cn.

F-S-∏mƒ: Ip-≠-bm¿ Np-¶-Øv Ip-™p-Æn (73). `m-cy: X-¶. a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv, kp-ta-jv, kpPn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kn‘p, hn-Pn-{X, `-c-X≥.

th-ßc - : F.B¿ \-K¿ sIm-Sp-hm-bq¿ kz-tZ-in-bpw ]-d∏ - q¿ C-cn-ß√ - q¿ tN-°men-am-Sv Xm-ak - ° - m-c\ - p-am-b Io-cn a-ΩZ- v (80). `m-cy: _o°p-´n. a-I≥: A-–p-¬ a-PoZv. a-cp-aI - ƒ: k-^n-b.

Xm-\m-fq¿: A-co-°m-Sv aq-tØ-S-Øv th-ep (62). `m-cy: Im¿-Xym-b-\n. a-°ƒ: kp-\n-X, kp-PnX, kp-tc-{μ≥, kp-`mjv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]-im¥≥, c-ta-jv.

tN-fm-cn: tIm-a-c-∏-Sn ]d-º-Øv {io-\-μ-\-Øn¬ F Sn {]-`m-I-c≥ (46). Hm-t´m- ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: P-b-{io, a°ƒ: {io-im-¥v, {ioem¬.

k-lm-b-[-\w e`n¡p-wap-¼v tI-i-h-`-«v bm-{X-bm-bn Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: P-\-d¬ Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ ip-{iq-jn-°m≥ H-∂-c-h¿-j-am-bn Nn-In¬-kbn-em-bn-cp-∂ ss]-h-fn-sK IpXn-c-t°m-Sv lu-kn-se tI-ih-`-´v (60) a-cn-®p. Im-en¬ {hWw _m-[n-®v Nn-In¬-k-bn-embn-cp-∂ C-t±-lw C-∂-se cmhn-se-bm-Wv th-Z-\-bn-√m-Ø tem-I-tØ-°v bm-{X-bm-b-Xv. B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se sh-fn-®hpw Im-‰p-an-√m-Ø C-Sp-ßn-b h-cm-¥-bn¬ C-t±-l-sØ In-SØn-b kw-`-hw tX-P-kv H-cp-amkw ap-ºv dn-t]m¿-´v- sN-bv-X-Xns\ Xp-S¿-∂v Pn-√m `-c-W-Iq-Sw C-S-s]-Sp-I-bpw hr-≤-k-Z-\Øn-te-°v am-‰m≥ \n¿-tZ-in°p-I-bpw sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. Bip-]-{Xn k-μ¿-in-® A-Uo. Pn-

√m a-Pn-kv-t{S-‰v F-®v Zn-t\-i≥ C-t±-l-Øn-\v 10,000 cq-]-bpw \¬-In-. F-∂m¬, ]-Ww Bip-]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X¿ C-t±-lØn-\v ssI-am-dn-bn-√. hr-≤-kZ-\-Øn-te-°p am-‰m-\p-≈ \n¿tZ-i-hpw \-S-∏m-°n-bn-cp-∂n-√. _-‘p-°-ƒ C-t±-l-sØ t\-ctØ ssI-hn-´n-cp-∂p.

hn-jw A-I-¯p-sN-¶v hr-²- a-cn-¨p; a-IÄ Kp-cp-X-cm-h-Ø-bn I-Æq¿: A-S-®n-´ ho-´n¬ hr-≤sb- hn-jw A-I-Øp-sN-∂v a-cn®-\n-e-bn-epw tIm-f-Pv {]-^-kdm-b a-I-sf Kp-cp-X-cm-h-ÿ-bnepw I-s≠-Øn. I-Æq¿ F-kv.F≥. ]m¿-°v tdm-Un¬ hm-kpem¬ C-e-Iv-t{Sm-Wn-Iv-kn-\v kao-]w hn-P-b-{io-bn¬ c-am-hn-Pb-cm-L-h-\m-Wv (70) a-cn-®-Xv. C-h-cp-sS a-I-fpw Nm-e Nn-∑-ban-j≥ tIm-f-Pv e-Iv-N-d-dp-am-b {io-Pm k-μo-]n(35)-s\-bm-Wv A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ Pn-√m B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®-Xv. c-≠p-Zn-h-k-am-bn C-cp-\n-eho-Sn-s‚ ap-I-ƒ-\n-e A-S-®n-´ \n-e-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. Xm-g-sØ \n-e-bn¬ Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ k-

tlm-Z-cn t^m¨-sN-bv-Xn-´pw F-Sp-°m-Ø-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v At\z-jn-®-t∏mƒ ho-Sv A-I-Øp\n-∂v ]q-´n-b-Xm-bn I-s≠-Øn. kw-i-bw tXm-∂n-b _-‘p°ƒ A-dn-bn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿s∂-Øn-b t]m-en-kpw ^-b¿t^m-gv-kp-w ho-Sv Ip-Øn-Øp-d∂-t∏m-gm-Wv C-cp-h-sc-bpw Ah-i-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. D-S≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®¶n-epw am-Xm-hv a-cn-®p. hn-j-°p-∏n-bpw C≥-kp-en\pw ap-dn-bn¬ \n-∂v t]m-en-kv I-s≠-Sp-Øp. {io-Pm k-μo-]v A-]-I-S-\ne X-c-Ww sN-bv-X-Xm-bn B-ip]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X¿ A-dn-bn-®p.

{io-P F-gp-Xn-b-sX-∂p I-cp-Xp∂ Ip-dn-∏v In-S-∏-d-bn¬ \n-∂v I-s≠-Sp-Øp. I-S-_m-[y-X Im-c-Ww Bfl-l-Xy sN-øp-s∂-∂m-Wv Ipdn-∏n-ep-≈-Xv. t\-c-tØ Kƒ-^n-em-bn-cp∂ hn-P-b-cm-L-h≥ c-≠p-amkw ap-ºm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. {io-Pbpw `¿-Øm-hp-am-bn hn-hm-ltam-N-\ t°-kv \n-e-\n¬-°pI-bm-Wv. _-‘p-°ƒ X-Ωn¬ kz-Øp-X¿-°-ap-≈-Xm-bpw kqN-\-bp-≠v. Su¨ t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-Ãv \-S-Øn. _-‘p-°-fp-sS ]-cmXn-bn¬ tI-sk-Sp-Ø-Xm-bn Su¨ t]m-en-kv A-dn-bn-®p.

I-f-a-t»-cn: tdm-Uv \n¿-am-W-Øn-\p≈ sa-‰-ep-am-bn h-∂ Sn-∏¿tem-dn ap-´m¿ -]p-g-bn-te-°p a-dn-™p Icmdp-Im-c-≥ a-cn-®p. ]-´n-a-‰w F-c-∏p-]m-d C-S-t»-cn IpSn ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv (47)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Sn-∏¿-tem-dn ss{U-h¿ ]-´n-a-‰w I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬ dn-bm-kns\ (24) ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS C-S-∏-≈n-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬- {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® A-©-ctbm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. kw-c-£-W-`n-Øn X-I¿-∂p ]p-g-bn-te-°p a-dn-™ temdn-bn¬ \n∂p dn-bm-kv Nm-Sn -c-£-s∏-s´-¶n-epw Ip-™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv tem-dnbn¬ Ip-Sp-ßn-. Ip-™p-ap-l-Ω-Zn-s\ ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Øv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw a-cn-®p. `m-cy: k-^nb. a-°ƒ: k-ao-\, \n-lm-kv. a-cp-a-I≥: \u-jm-Zv.

s\m-«-a-e h-f-hn tem-dn a-dn-ªv A-\y-kw-Øm-\ sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-¨p a-Æm¿-°m-Sv: tIm-gn-t°m-Sv-˛]m-e-°m-Sv tZ-io-b-]m-X 213se a-Æm¿-°m-Sv s\m-´-a-e h-f-hn¬ tem-dn a-dn-™v A-\y-kw-ÿm\ sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-®p. HUo-j kz-tZ-in {io am-Pn-bp-sS a-I≥ cm-am-Pn (23) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C∂-se cm-hn-se F-t´m-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. sIm-gn-™m-ºm-dbn¬ \n-∂p Nn-In-cn-s∏m-Sn I-b‰n B-cy-ºm-hn-se tIm-gn-^m-ante-°v h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ tem-dnbm-Wv H-∂m-a-sØ sl-b¿]n≥ h-f-hn¬ \n-∂p 50 A-Sn Xmgv-N-bn-te-°v adn™-Xv. tem-dnbp-sS Iym-_n≥ ]q¿-W-am-bpw X-I¿-∂p. ss{U-h¿ sIm-gn™m-ºm-d kz-tZ-in a-Wn-IWvT≥, tem-dn-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ kn-_n F-∂n-h¿-°pw Kp-cp-

X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. C-h-sc s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n®p. cm-am-Pn kw-`-h-ÿ-e-ØpX-s∂- a-cn-®p. H-∂mw h-f-hn-se ]m-e-®p-h´n-\p k-ao-]w ssI-h-cn X-I¿Ø ti-j-am-Wv tem-dn- Xm-gv-Nbn-te-°v ]-Xn-®-Xv. Cu kabw XmgsØ tdmUn¬ hml-\߃ C√m-Xn-cp-∂Xv IqSp-X¬ A]-ISw Hgn-hm-°n. \m-´p-Imcpw t]m-en-kpw Iym-_n≥ sh-´ns]m-fn-®m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-h-sc ]pd-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. A-]-I-S-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v A-ca-Wn-°q-tdm-fw K-Xm-K-Xw X-S -s∏-´p. sIm-gn-™m-ºm-d NIn-cn ^m-Œ-dn-bn-se Po-h-\-°mc-\m-bncp∂p cm-am-Pn.

s{S-bn³ X-«n hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: ]-∂n-b-¶-c-bn¬ ]m-fwap-dn-®p-I-S-°-sh s{S-bn\n-Sn-®p hn-Zym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. F≥ sI tdm-Uv k^m A-]m¿-Svsa‚n-\p k-ao]w N-°-®≥-I≠n-]-d-ºv ho´n¬ C-kv-amCu-en-s‚ aI≥ C¿-jm-Zv (15) B-Wp a-cn-®Xv. sh-fp-∏n-\v 5.30\p kp-_v-ln \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn-\p t]m-Ipwh-gn ]-∂n-b-¶-c kp-aw-K-en I-eym-Wa-fi-]-Øn-\p k-ao-]-am-bn-cp∂p A-]-I-Sw. ]-c-∏n¬ Fw.Fw ssl-kv-Iq-fn¬ ]-Ømw ¢m-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn-bm-bncp∂p. am-Xm-hv: a-dn-bw-_n. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: C¿jm-\, C¿-^m-\.


Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2013-12-29