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thÀ-]mSv

KOCHI

25 \-hw-_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

hm-l-\-m]-I-S-¯n ]-cn-t¡-ä bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

in-h-Zm-kv

`mÀ-K-hn-b-½

tXm-a-kv

tPm-Wn tPm-k-^v

tdm-kn

Ip-ªn-_m-h lm-Pn

hm-kp-tZ-h³

P-ao-em-_o-hn

Bep-h: Xm-bn-°m-´p-Ic sIm-t‰m-Ww I-Wnbmw-I-p-Sn ho-´n¬ tKm-]me≥ a-I≥ in-h-Zmkv(54). F-d-Wm-Ip-fw P\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ \-gv-kn-Mv A-kn-Âm-bncp-∂p. am-Xmhv: ]-¶Pm£n. `mcy: im-en\n. a-°ƒ:ssh-jv-Whn, Aizn≥(\n¿-a-e kv-Iqƒ Beph).

]q-WnØp-d: P-h-l¿ tdm-Un¬ {in]-Zw ho´n¬ tKm]m-e ]n-jmc-Sn `m-cy dn-´. A-[ym]n-I `m¿-K-hn-b-Ω(87).a°ƒ: \-μ-Ip-am¿, awK-f, KoX.a-cp-a-°ƒ:cm-[n-I, ]-cta-izc≥, tam-l\≥.

]-≈n°-c: sI.F-kv.C._n F-Iv-kn-Iyq-´o-hv F©n-\o-b¿ ]-≈n-°-c t]ßm-´p-Ip-t∂¬ tXm-akv(50). `mcy: do-\ (F¬.sF.kn. Un-h-jW¬ Hm-^n-k¿ F-d-WmIp-fw)a-°ƒ: A-Rv-Pen,t_-kn¬.

tIm-X-awKew: sP sP C-e-{Œn-°¬-kv D-S-a tNem-Sv an-\n∏-Sn C-S-Ø-e tPm-Wn tPm-k-^v (53).kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D®-bv-°v 2.30\p tIm-XawK-ew sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv I-Øo-{U-en¬. `m-cy emen(\m-b-tØm-Sv ]q-th-en Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw)a°ƒ: sa-dn≥, tSmw.

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: B-bØp]-Sn a-Wn-t®-cn ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b h¿-Kokv `m-cy tdm-kn(76). kwkvv-Im-cw C-∂p ssh-Io´v 4\p B-b-Øp]-Sn \n-Xyklm-b am-Xm ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ:ta-cn(Zp-_m-bv)tPmk^v, sk-_m-Ãy≥, jmPp.a-cp-a°ƒ: tPm¨ Nnd-b-Øv tXm-´p-h(Zp-_mbv)_n-μp(A-[ym]n-I tN-cm-s\√q¿ K-h. F-®v. F-kv.F-kv)dmWn,en≥kn, ]-≈n∏m´vv(A-¶-am-en).

Nm-h-°m-Sv: I-S-∏p-dw sXm-´m-∏v _-Z¿-]-≈n-°v sX-°v `m-Kw \m-e-I-Øv Ip-™n-_m-h lm-Pn (85). J-_-d-S-°w \-SØn. `m-cy: I-ø-tamƒ (IZo-P). a-°ƒ: d-jo-Zv, A-kq-d, j-co-^, sj-aow. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ Jm-Z¿, A-_q-_-°¿, D-Ω¿, apwXm-kv.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: s\-∑-Wn-°c sh-fn-b-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ hm-kp-tZ-h≥ (69). `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn-\n. a°ƒ: t{]-a-e-X, P-b-Ipam¿, jo-_, _n-‘p, kn\n, ssj-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-Po-h≥, kw-Ko-X, hn-Pb≥, _m-e-N-{μ≥, kp{_≥, jm-Pn.

ap-´-∏-≈n(F-cp-taen): ]p-Xp-hm-{X ]-tc-X-\m-b A-_p-_-°¿-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy P-ao-em-_o-hn (73). J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn. a°ƒ: Xm-Pp-±o≥ au-e-hn, ap-l-Ω-Zv km-Zn-Jv au-ehn, ap-l-Ω-Zv km-en-lv au-e-hn, km-_n-lv d-lvam≥, A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv, A-\-kv, d-lv-a-Øv _o-hn, dw-e-Øv _o-hn, d-kn-eØv, d-Pp-e A-lv-a-Zv (F≥.-U-ªyp.-F-^v Pn√m sk-{I-´-dn), sF-jm _o-hn, B-_n-Xm _o-hn, ]-tc-X-bm-b dm-l-Øv _o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ : d-ko\m _o-hn, k-eo-\m _ohn, kp-a-øm, _p-jv-d, Pmkv-an≥, B-Zn-e, k-°o¿ lp-ssk≥ au-e-hn, kem-lp-±o≥ au-e-hn, Aj-d-^v au-e-hn, ]n Fw A-lv-a-Zv (tX-P-kv _yqtdm No-^v, tIm-´-bw), sj-ao¿ au-e-hn, ]-tc-X\m-b A-_p-_-°¿.

Ip-ª-Ðp-Ã

l-k-³ ap-kv-eymÀ

]m-Wm-h≈n: ]m-Wmh≈n ]-©mb-Øv ]Ømw hm¿-Uv B-im-cn-sh-fnbn¬ tKm-]n-\m-Y≥ BNm-cn (76). `mcy: `-KocXn. a°ƒ: cm-Pohv, thWp-°p´≥, D-Æn-IrjvW≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: kn‘p, {]oXn, im-cnI.

I¬-∏Ø - q¿: F-Sh - c - m-Sv I-fc - n-bp-≈X - n¬ Ip-™–p-√ (75). `m-cy: B-bni. a-°ƒ: sam-bvX - p, kpss_-Z, kp-aø - , A-kva - . acp-a° - ƒ: C-{_m-low aWn-ae - (ku-Zn), d-jo-Zv Icp-am-dØ - v, d-jo-Zv a-cp-tXcn, \-kvd - . k-tlm-Zc - ߃: A-ΩX - v, Ip-™ ≥, aq-k, B-bn-i, a-dnbw, ]-tc-X\ - m-b Ip-™men.

l-k-³ ap-kv-eymÀ

tUm. Fw Sn P-b

am-fp

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: sXm-Sp-]pg Cu-Ãv I-eq¿ tUm. Fw Sn P-b (70˛-dn-´.saUn-°¬ Hm-^n-k¿). a°ƒ: tUm. Nn-©n-\ {]ho¨ , tUm. U-bm-\ {io-Pn-Øv . a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]-ho¨, {io-Pn-Øv.

I-S-ep-≠n: s]-cpw-]-‰bn¬ I-≠-\m-cn am-fp (87). `-¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b A-∏p. a-°ƒ: Irjv-W≥, [¿a-Zm-k≥, lco-{μ≥ , tim-`-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: \n¿-a-e, Ko-X, k-P\, ]-Xva-P≥.

tKm-]n-\m-Y³ B-Nm-cn

A-co-t°m-Sv: ]q-t°m-´ptNm-e sh-≈-°m-]-dºn¬ ]p-\m-\n-t°m-S≥ l-k-≥ ap-kv-eym¿ (75). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A-iv-d-^v, A-en, B-bni, a-dn-bp-Ω, \-^o-k, DΩp-k¬-a, B-an-\.

A-co-t°m-Sv: ]q-t°m-´ptNm-e sh-≈-°m-]-dºn¬ ]p-\m-\n-t°m-S≥ l-k-≥ ap-kv-eym¿ (75). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A-iv-d-^v (kuZn), A-en, B-bn-i, a-dnbp-Ω, \-^o-k, D-Ωpk¬-a, B-an-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: Ip-™m-en, lk≥-Ip-´n, ssk-X-e-hn, ap-\o-d, km-_n-d.

apl½-Zv tImb \-Sp-h´w: Fw ]n lukn¬ ap-lΩ-Zv tIm-b (70). `mcy: I-Zo-i_n. a°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ dkmJv, A-_v-Zp¬ d-lvam≥, dn-bmkv, km-_n-d, km-ln-Z. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-enw, DΩ¿tIm-b. kw-kv-Im-cw cmhn-se 11 a-Wn-°v \-Sph´w Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

tc-h-Xn So-¨À tN-te-{º: dn-´. A-[ym]-I≥ C-Sn-aq-gn-°¬ t{ib-kn¬ ]n kn \m-cm-bW≥ am-Ã-dp-sS `m-cy tch-Xn So-®¿ (71). Im-en-°‰v bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n sslkv-I-qƒ dn-´. A-[ym-]n-Ibm-Wv.

hÂ-k½ tXm-a-kv Xo-t°mbn: amhSn ]p√m-´v tXma-kv am-Xyp (tSm-an)bp-sS `m-cy h¬kΩ tXm-a-kv(61). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v c-≠n-\v th-e-Øp-t»-cn sk‚ v sk-_m-kv-‰y≥ ]-≈nskan-tØcnbn¬. a°ƒ: tPm-_n, a-\n-X, __n-X, tPm-tPm. a-cpa°ƒ: tkm-_n, hn-t\mZv h-e-cn-bn¬, tPm-_n≥ ]-d-ºI-Øv , jo-\ (F√m-hcpw bp.sI).

Sn\p tPm¬ ]-ø-∂q¿: G-cy-sØ C√n-°¬ tPm¨˛en-k Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-Iƒ Sn\p tPm¨ (23). `¿-Ømhv: I-°m-s´ jl-\m-kn¬ _n A-Ivkmw.

DaÀ lm-Pn C-cn´n: sN-Sn-°pf-sØ Nq-tcym-´v D-a¿lm-Pn (88). `mcy: I-Æn-s∏mbn¬ J-Zo-P. a°ƒ: A-–p¬ JmZ¿, C-{_m-lnw, \mk¿, ssaaq-\, D-Ωp¬ ssl-a, Pao-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, A∫mkv, kn-±oJv, \-ko-a, dw-eØv, d-lv-a-Øv.

P-b-Ir-jv-W³ C-cn´n: Io-gq-cn-se Io-gpcn-S-Øn¬ P-b-Ir-jv-W≥ hm-gp-∂-h¿ (79). C-cn-´n ssl-kv-Iqƒ dn-´. {]-[m-\m-[ym-]-I-\m-bncp∂p. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ip-™n-am-[h≥, \m-cmb-W≥ am-kv‰¿, tcm-lnWn Ip-´nb-Ω, am[-hn So®¿. kw-kv-Im-cw cm-hnse 11\v Ip-Spw-_ iv-a-im\-Øn¬.

tZ-hIn C-cn´n: Io-gq¿ Ip-∂n-se A-c-°¬ tZ-h-In(82). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X\mb tKm-hnμ≥. a°ƒ: cm-[, ku-an\n, tim-`, tZh≥, b-tim-Z, ]p-jv-], ]-tc-X\mb taml-\≥.

tc-h-Xn So-¨À tN-te-{º: dn-´. A-[ym]-I≥ C-Sn-aq-gn-°¬ t{ib-kn¬ tc-h-Xn So-®¿ (71).

B-ep-h: hm-l-\m-]-I-SØn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰p Nn-In¬k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p.Ip-∂-tØ-cn I-√p]-d-ºn¬ Ip-™p-tam≥ aI≥ i-in(45) B-Wp a-cn®-Xv. Cu am-kw 10\p I-º\n-∏-Sn-bn-ep-≠m-b hm-l\-m]I-S-Øn-em-Wp i-in°p ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. I-f-a-t»-cn sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. Rm-b-dm-gv-N ]p-e-¿-s® acn-®p. `m-cy: kn-‘p. a-Iƒ: k-‘y.

Im-dpw ss_-¡pw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

h-S-°m-t©-cn: ss_°pw Im-dpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. H-cmƒ-°v ]-cp-t°-‰p. aw-K-ew A-Ωm´n-°p-f-Øn-\v k-ao-]w ]\-bv-°¬ kp-tc-{μ-s‚ aI≥ kq-c-Pv(24) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. kp-lr-Øv aw-K-ew s\-√n-ti-cn-bn¬ jm-_p (40)hn-\m-Wv ]-cn-°v. Ip-dm-t©-cn-˛-tI-t®-cn dq-´n¬ Iq-cn-iv ]-≈n-°p k-ao-]w i-\n-bm-gv-® cm-{Xn ]-Xn-s\m-∂v a-Wn-tbm-sSbm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. ap-≠-Øn-t°m-Sv {In-kv-Xp-cmP ]-≈n-bn¬ Xn-cp-\mƒ B-tLm-j-Øn¬ ]-s¶-SpØv ho-´n-te-°v h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. a-lm-cm-{„ c-Pnkv-t{S-j-\p-≈ am-cp-Xn Hm-av-\n hm-\m-Wv C-Sn-®-Xv. CSn-bp-sS B-Lm-X-Ø-n¬ ss_-°v tdm-U-cp-In¬ \ndp-Øn-bn-´n-cp-∂ kz-Im-cy kv-Iqƒ _-kn-s‚ A-Sn-bnte-°v sX-dn-®v ho-Wp. i-–w tI-´v Hm-Sn Iq-Sn-b-h¿ ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Øv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. am-Xm-hv: N-{μn-I. k-tlm-Z-cn Znhy.

ho-«-½ tjm-t¡-äv a-cn-¨p

\m-cm-b-W hm-cn-bÀ

hnÂ-k³

I-d-¸³

Ip-cp-hn-f

B-\-µ³

eo-em-½

a-½n

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: Ip-dp-h∂q¿ h-S-s°-∏m-´v hm-cnb-Øv \m-cm-b-W hm-cnb¿(82). `m-cy: a-≠w-]-dºv hm-cn-b-Øv Ip-™n-amfp hm-c-kym¿. a-°ƒ: iin-Ip-am¿, c-hn-Ip-am¿, cmPn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-P-{io, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: sIm-Sn-b≥ hn¬-k≥ (58). kw-kv°m-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v ]p-Xp-°m-Sv sk‚ v B‚-Wo-kv ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: kqkn. a-°ƒ: tkm-hn≥, kp-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-¶n, kn-t‚m.

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: A-hn-bq¿ F-dm-t©-cn t£-{X-Øn\p k-ao-]w I-tÆ-¶-eØv I-d-∏≥ (97). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Ip-™ptamƒ. a-°ƒ: j-◊pJ≥, cm-a-Ir-jv-W≥, kPn-X. a-cp-a-Iƒ: I-a-e.

Xn-cph√: s]-cn-ß-c Xp≠n-∏-d-ºn¬ B-\-μ≥ (66) kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10.30\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `mcy: h¬k-Ω a°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, A\p. a-cp-a°ƒ: _n-Pp ,Aºnfn.

Xn-cph√: Hm-X-d ap√-bv°¬ t_-_n-bp-sS `m-cy eo-em-Ω (56). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n\v Hm-X-d F-_-t\-k¿ am¿tØm-Ω ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. aIƒ: en_nƒ.

ap-l-½-Zv ap-k-veymÀ

a-dn-bw

ap-l-½-Zv Ip-ªn lm-Pn

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: A-W¶q¿ s_-Zn-c-bn-se ]-tcX-\m-b No-∏v C-{_m-lnan-s‚ `m-cy _o-^m-Øn-a (80). a-°ƒ: No-∏v ap-lΩ-Zv, J-Zo-P, B-bn-i, adn-bw, A-–p-√, ssk-\p±o≥, A-^v-k.a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-kv-dn, a-dnbw, _m-e≥ A-–p-√, DΩ¿, _o-^m-Øn-a, ^mØn-a, ssk-\q-±o≥.-

th-ß-c: h-en-tbm-d Nn-\°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-dtßm-S-Øv aq-k-°p-´nlm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ]mØp-Ωp -l-÷p-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: Ip-™o-Xp, ap-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n- lm-Pn (A-_q-Z_n), sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´nlm-Pn, ssk-X-e-hn (Capl½-Zv J-\n cp-h-cpw J-Ø¿), A-_pNn-‰q¿: sX-ep-¶p kv-{So-‰v lm-Pn (Pn-±), lw-k-Øv ap-lΩ-Zv I-\n (80). J-_- (A-_-l), ]-tc-X-\m-b dS-°w C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 12 A-–p-√-°p-´n- lm-Pn, I\v Nn-‰q¿ am-©n-d J-_-dn- Zn-bm-ap. ÿm-\n¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-a¿ s]m-Sn`mcy: ^m-Øn-a-_o_n. a- bm-Sv, ko-\-Øv, B-bn-ip°ƒ: k-°o¿ A-en, Ωp, J-Zo-P, a-dn-bp-Ω, \^o-k, a-Ωo-cy-°p-´n, P¬-Im-a, A-kv-am_n, ssa-aq-\-Øv. Xm-Pq-∂o-k.

tX-™n-∏-ew: tN-te{º Np-°p-Ip-f-ß-c Imcm-´v A-_v-Zp-d-lv-am-s‚ aI≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-eym¿ (50) lrZ-bm-LmXwaqew acn-®p. G¿-hm-Snbn-¬ kμ¿i-\-Øn\p t]mbn Xn-cn-®p-h-cp-∂Xn-\n-sS im-co-cn-I Akz-ÿ-X -A-\p-`-h-s∏-´Ct±-lsØ s]-cn-¥¬a-Æbnse- kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in∏n-s®-¶n-epw acn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: k^n-b. a-°ƒ: ap-lv-kn-\, lm-^n-f, lm-kn-\, lmcn-kv (a-e-∏p-dw a-Av-Zn≥ hn-Zym¿-Yn). a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ l-°ow kJm-^n, jm-P-lm≥, Ckv-am-bn¬.

Ip-‰ym-Sn: sN-dn-b-Ip-ºfw ]-tc-X-\m-b h-S-°Øm-g A-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy adn-bw (90). a-°ƒ: _n-ømØp, C-{_m-low (k-ao-d, •m-kv am¿-´v), ]m-Øp, A–p-√ (Ip-ssh-Øv), hn Sn kq-∏n (sk-{I-´-dn Zmdp-∂p-Pqw Hm¿-d-^-t\-Pv, t]-cm-{º), A-{¥p, Ben, k-eow (aq-h-cpw Ipssh-Øv), B-bn-ip, ]-tcX-\m-b sam-bv-Xp. a-cp-a°ƒ: B-bn-ip (sN-dn-bIp-º-fw), ]m-Øp (A-Sp°-Øv), B-bn-ip (I-°´n¬), \-^o-k, \-jo-k (ap-≈≥-Ip-∂v), B-bn-i (Im-b-s°m-Sn), km-d (ap≈≥-Ip-∂v), B-ky (sN-dn-b-Ip-º-fw), ]-tcX-cm-b Xp-≠n-bn¬ Ip™-–p-√, ta-a-Æn¬ Ip™-Ω-Zv.

Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´: ]-Øm-g-∏Sn h-√y-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]-co-Xv-Ip-™n-s‚ a-I≥ lm-Pn hn ]n aΩn(B-∏m-©n-d D-∏m∏˛99). J-_-d-S-°w \-SØn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃:]mØp-Ω, ]-tc-X-cm-b B-an\, ]m-Øp-Ω, sj-co-^, Im-bn.

lwk

Xncph√: \nc-Ww Ip-dn®nb-Øv C-c-a√-Sn¬ ssI-∏-≈n-am-en-¬ sI kn Ip-cp-hn-f (Ip-™p™®≥˛83). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hnse 11 \v \nc-Ww {In-kvtXm-kv am¿-tØm-Ω ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b Ip™p™-Ω. a°ƒ: sdPn, cmP≥, a-cp-a°ƒ: kÆn, enPn.

_o-^m-¯n-a

Pm-\-In-

F³.Un.Sn.F. kwØm-\ {]-kn-Uâv `mkv-Ic³ ]n-W-dmbn: X-ø¬-sØmgn-em-fn kwL-S-\m ÿm]-I t\-Xmhpw \m-j\¬ U-tam-{Im-‰n-°v ssSte-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j≥ (F≥.Un.Sn.F) kwÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚pamb Sn Fw `m-kv-I-c≥ (78). kw-ÿm\-sØ A-kwL-Sn-Xcm-b X-ø¬ sXmgn-em-fnI-sf kwL-Sn-∏n®v A-h-Im-i-ß-fpw B\p-Iq-ey-ßfpw t\-SnsbS-p°m≥ \m-ep ]-Xn‰m-≠n-te-sd-bm-bn t\XrXzw \¬-Inh-cn-I-bmbn-cp∂p. km-bn-tk-hm k-an-Xn- {]-h¿-Ø-I\mWv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]-tcX\m-b Ip-™n-°Æ≥, am-[-hn. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p-®-bv°v 2.30\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬.

X-e-t»cn: sImft»cn Imhpw`mKw klrZb Øn¬ _n tam-l-\≥ (60). `mcy: sI ]n cXn, a°ƒ: cay, c-ln¬, cln\. acp-a-I≥: \\o-jv.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: _mw-•q-cnse Cw-]o-cn-b¬ tlm´¬ ]m¿-Sv-W¿ a-Wn-bs\m-Sn-bn-se F≥ _n apl-Ω-Zv Ip-™n lm-Pn (65). a-Wn-b-t\m-Sn im-J eo-Kv {]-kn-U‚ v, in-lm_v X-߃ kv-am-c-I dneo-^v I-Ωn-‰n sN-b¿am≥, D-Zn-\q¿ P-am-A-Øv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v Xp-Sßn-b \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: _o-^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: I-_o¿ (_mw•q¿), k-ao-d, kp-l-d, \ko-d, i-^o-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: j-dm-\, lm-jnw (Zp-_-bv), I-cow (_mw•q¿), Xm-ln¿ (sNss∂), A-j-d-^v (a-teky).

A-en-bmÀ

tZ-h-kym

sa-l-_q-_v

ta-cn-¡p-«n-

A-½n-Wn

dp-Jo-bm _o-hn

ap-c-fo-[-c³

`mÀ¤-hn A½

Bep-h: Ing-t° I-Sß√q¿ t]-c-bn¬ ap-lΩ-Zm-en a-I≥ A-enbm¿(72). J-_-dS-°w C∂p cm-hn-se 10.30\v tXm´-°m-´p-I-c Pp-am a-kv-PnZv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `mcy:sj-co-^. a-°ƒ: sFjm_n, P-eo¬, ko\Øv, P-aoe.

aq-∂n-e-hv-: tNw-ªm-\n°¬- kn- ‰n- tZ-h-kym (sIm-t®-´≥-˛83).- kw-kv°m-cw- C-∂v 3-\v- aq-∂n-ehv- sk‚ v ta-co-kv- ]-≈nsk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.- `m-cy-: t{X-kym-Ω (aq∂n-e-hvsIm-®p-ho-´n¬- Ip-Spw_m-Kw).- a-°ƒ- : ta-cn°p-´n,- F¬-k-Ω,- Nn-∂Ω,- en-√n,- kn-kn-en,- D-Ω®≥.- a-cp-a-°ƒ- : Ip-cp-hnf,- tPm¿-Pv- tXm-a-kv-,- tPmWn- am-Xy, ]-tc-X-\m-b t\m-_nƒ-.

N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ]q-g-h-mXn¬ ]p-Xp-∏-d-ºn¬ sal-_q-_v(58). J-_-d-S°w C-∂v 10\v ]p-Xq¿-∏≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `mcy: B-e-∏p-g ssX-∏-dºn¬ Ip-Spw-_m-Kw ^mØn-a. a-°ƒ: a-©p, an‚p, an-\p,A-Pv-a¬. a-cpa-°ƒ: jn-Pp(s]≥-]m-ekv), am-ln≥(a-kv-°-‰v).

]m-ºm-Sn-: sh-≈q¿- (]-dpX-e-a-‰w)- ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬]-tc-X-\m-b ]n- Sn- tXm-akn-s‚ (dn-´.-B¿-an)- `mcy- ta-cn-°p-´n- (85)-.- sIm√m-Sv- ap-√-ti-cn-em-b Aºm-´p-]-d-ºn¬- Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv.- kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v 12.-30 \v- sh-≈q¿7˛mw- ssa¬- Zn- s]-¥t°m-kv- an-j≥- sk-antØ-cn-bn¬.- a-°ƒ-: ]tc-X-\m-b cm-Pp(dn-´.B¿-an),- kq-k-Ω,- ss_Pp,- _n-Pn-tamƒ,- sIm-®ptam≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: t__n-®≥-(dn-´.- F-b¿-t^mgv-kv)-,- A-®≥-Ip-™v-.

Xncph√: ta-{]m¬ ]q-Xnt°m-Sv s\-©w-I-≠Øn¬ tUm. ]n Pn G{_-lm-an-s‚ `m-cy A-ΩnWn(78). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂oSv. sh-Æn-°p-fw I√n‰-°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-KamWv. a°ƒ: tkm-a(A-_p-Zm_n), tdm-bn(bp.Fkv.F.), jm-Pn(A-_p-Zm_n). a-cp-a°ƒ: A\n, sd-\n(A-_p-Zm-_n), an\n(bp.F-kv.F.)

N-h-d: ^n¿-Zu-kn-¬ ]tc-X\m-b A-en-bm-cp Ip´n-bp-sS `m-cy dp-Jn-bm _o-hn(67). a°ƒ: \q¿-Plm≥, \p-Pn-lm≥, apPo_v, \u-jmZv. a-cpa°ƒ: A-\q-]v(ku-Zn), a-“q-Zv Ip-´n(A-[ym-]I≥), tkm-^n-e, l-∂Øv.

Nh-d: ]∑\ If-cn kt¥m-jv `-h-\-Øn¬ ap-cfo-[-c≥(60). `mcy: cp-IvanWn. a°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv Ip-am¿, {Xn-k-‘y, k-\pP. a-cp-a°ƒ: {]-Im-i≥, hn-th-Im-\μ≥.

Hm-bq¿: I-cn-ß-∂q¿ sh≈-d-°¬ ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b cm-a-Irjv-W-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy `m¿§-hn A-Ω(93). aIƒ: {]-k-∂-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-aI≥: i-in-[-c≥ ]n≈.

X-e-t»cn: [¿a-Sw H-gbo¬ `mK-sØ ss_Øp¬ lp-Z-bn¬ sIm-´mc-Øn¬ lw-k (60). H-gbn¬ `m-Kw ap-\-hn-dp¬ C-kv-emw Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv I-Ωn-‰n ssh-kv {]-knU‚mWv. `m-cy: kp-ss_-Z. a°ƒ: ^u-kn-b, ip-ssl_v, j-l-\mkv, j-^v-\mkv, A¿-jo-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: d-lv-am≥, djoZv, A-^v-Xm-_v.

tam-l-\³

tKm-]n N-ß-\m-ti-cn: B-h-Wn tIm-®p-]-d-ºn¬ ho-´n¬ F tKm-]n(69)- .kw-km°m-cw C-∂v 1 \v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. -`m-cy: a-Wn(s]m-Snbm-Sn I-√p-¶¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw)-. a-°ƒ:A-Pn-X,B-i,A-`n-em-jv. -a-cp-a°ƒ:kp-tc-jv, in-h-Ipam¿.

am-Wn t]-cm-{º: am-e∏ - m-Sn-°≠n Xm-g h-ÆØ - m≥-I≠n Nm-Øp-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy am-Wn (75). a-I≥: kp-tc-jv. a-cp-aI - ƒ: Kn-cnP Im-hp-¥d - . k-tlm-Zc - ߃: Ip-™n-°Æ - ≥ Ip-™n-cm-a≥.

Ieym-Wn A-½ \-cn-°p-\n: dn-´. hn-t√-Pv A-kn-Â v ho-cy-{ºw at¶m-c-Øp-I-≠n cm-a≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy \-Sp-hn-e°-≠n I-eym-Wn A-Ω (87). a-°ƒ: cp-Kvan-Wn A-Ω. Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b¿ (dn-´. Pq-\n-b¿ kq-{]-≠v, Ir-jnh-Ip-∏v), _m-e≥ \m-b¿, tim-`-\m `m-bv (A-[ym-]n-I). a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥ \m-b¿ (Hma-t»-cn), A-\n-X (I-cp-ae), e-X (am-b-\m-Sv), Atim-I≥ \m-b¿ .

B-bn-i th-ß-c: tN-dq-cn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b I-tÆ-Øv A-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy Bbn-i (83). a-°ƒ: Ip™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv, aq-k, A–p-k-emw, A-–p¬- eØo-^v(bp.-F.-C), AUz. -A-–p¬ -K-^q¿, JZo-P, ssa-aq-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: iw-kp-±o≥, \nkm¿, kp-lv-dm-_n, J-ZoP, k-ao-d, J-Zo-P, ^ukn-b.

N-{µ³ sIm-bn-em-≠n: tN-at©-cn Xp-Δ-t°m-Sv h-f∏n¬ ao-ج N-{μ≥ (67). `m-cy: im-¥.

]m-¯p-½p l-Öp-½

ap-l-½-Zv Xn-cq¿: sX-°≥-Ip-‰q-cnse sIm-f-∏p-d-Øv ]-tcX-\m-b t]m-°-dn-s‚ aI≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (_m-h ˛60). `m-cy: Xn-Øo-ap. a-°ƒ: k-eow, A-\-kv, Pm-_n¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: j¿-_o-\, kPv\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: sk-bv-Xp (A-_q-Z-_n), sam-bv-Xo≥ , d-km-Jv, ]tc-X-bm-b B-an-\.

s]m³-ap-Sn-bn hn-t\m-Z-k-©mcn an¶-teäp a-cn-¨p; c-−p-t]À-¡v ]-cn¡v s]m-≥ap-Sn: s]m≥-ap-Sn-bnse Ønb \m-ew-K-kw-L-Øn-¬ Hcmƒ an-∂te-‰v a-cn-®p. H-∏-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂ kp-lr-Øp-°fm-b c-≠p-t]¿-°v s]m-≈-te-‰p. Hcmƒ ]-cn-t°¬-°m-sX c-£s∏´p. I√º-ew tN∂≥-tIm-Sv aXp-c-t°m-Sv i-¶-c≥-ap-°n¬ ]tc-X\m-b k-Xy-]m-e-s‚bpw cm-[m-a-Wn-bp-sSbpw a-I≥ APn≥ (21) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. kp-lrØp-°-fpw s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv ]-\hq¿ sh-≈mwNn-d kz-tZ-in-Ifpam-b l-cn-Ir-jvW≥, A-PnØv F-∂n-h-sc-bm-Wv ]-cn-°p-Itfm-sS sa-Un-°¬ tImf-Pv Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®n-cn-

°p-∂Xv. C∂- s e D-®-bv-°v Hcp-aWn-tbmsS s]m-≥-apSn-bv-°p kao-]-am-bn-cp∂p A-]-ISw. _-‘pKr-l-Ønse-Øn-b-ti-jw APn≥ kp-lr-Øp-°-fp-am-bn Imdn-emWv s]m-≥ap-Sn-bnse-Ønb-Xv. s]m≥ap-Sn A-∏¿ km-\n-t‰mdn-b-Øn\Sp-Øp-≈ Ip-∂n≥-{]tZ-i-Øv hn-{i-an-°p-tºm-gm-Wv i-‡amb an-∂-ep-≠m-b-Xv. CXn¬ A-Pn\v Kp-cp-X-c-ambn

s]m-≈-te¬-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. H-∏-ap-≈h¿ \n-e-hn-fn-®-Xn-s\Øp-S¿-∂v h-gn-bm-{X-°m-cm-Wv s]m≥-ap-Sn t]m-en-kn¬ hn-h-ca-dn-bn-®Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v t]m-en-sk-Øn Ch-sc hnXp-c k¿-°m¿ B-ip]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶nepw A-Pns\ c-£n-°m-\m-bn√. A-Pn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰v-tam¿-´-Øn\p-ti-jw C∂-se D-®-tbm-sS kw-kv-I-cn®p. k-Pn≥, ku-ay F-∂nh¿ ktlm-Z-c-ß-fm-Wv. sF.Sn.sF. I-gn-™v U¬-ln-bn¬ tPment\m-°n-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p APn≥. s]m≥-ap-Sn t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xo³ t]-cm-{º: I¬-∏Øq¿ Ip-∂-Øv kn sI Ip™n-sam-bv-Xo≥ (75). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b ^mXzn-a. a-°ƒ: B-ky, A-ko-kv (Zp-_-bv), \u-jm-Zv , ku-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv tImb, ssk-\-_, ssj-a , ]tc-X-\m-b C-{_m-low. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-Ω-Xvlm-Pn, C-{_m-low, hocm≥-Ip-´n, ]-tc-X-cm-b A-–p-√, t]m-°¿.

ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v hr²³ a-cn-¨p a-Æm¿-°m-Sv: Im¬-\-S-bm-{X°m-c≥ ss_-°n-Sn-®v a-cn-®p. I√-Sn-t°m-Sv kz-tZ-in tKm-]me≥ \m-b¿(62) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS ]me-°m-Sv-˛-tIm-gn-t°m-Sv tZ-io-b]m-X-bn¬ I-√-Sn-t°m-Sv I\m¬-Pw-Kv-j-\p k-ao-]-am-Wv A-]-I-Sw. A-an-X-th-K-X-bn-seØn-b tam-t´m¿ ssk-°nƒ tdm-U-cn-In-eq-sS \-S-∂p-t]mhp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ tKm-]m-e≥-\mb-sc C-Sn-®p-ho-gv-Øp-I-bm-bncp-∂p. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ Cbm-sf s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ kz-Im-cyB-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-h-in-∏n-s®¶n-epw D-®-tbm-sS a-c-Ww k-w-`hn-®p. a-Æm¿-°m-Sv t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn.

sam-bv-Xp ta-∏-bq¿: P-\-Io-bap°n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b Fw kn A-–p-√-t°m-b-bpsS a-I≥ Fw kn sam-bvXp (53). am-Xm-hv: Ip™m-bn-i. `m-cy: k-^nb. a-I≥: \m-jn-Iv. ktlm-Z-c-߃: P-ao-e, Bcn-^v, b-ap-\, kp-ss_¿, sse-e.

Xp-d-hq¿-:- h-f-aw-K-ew- Nmem th-en-¬- ]-tc-X-\mb- X-¶-∏-s‚ `m-cy- -Pm-\In- (78) \n-cym-X-bm-bn. aIƒ:- ]-tc-X-bm-b- B-\μ-h-√n. a-cp-a-I≥:F≥.sI.X-¶-®≥.

tam-l³-Zm-kv ]m-Wm-h≈n: ]m-Wmh≈n ]-©mb-Øv B-dmw hm¿-Uv Ing-s° X´mw ho-´n¬ tam-l≥-Zm-kv (60). `m-cy: tZ-hIn. a-°ƒ: cXn, tc-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cPn-tam≥, {]-tam-Zv.

Ip-ª-Ðp-à I¬-∏Ø - q¿: F-Sh - c - m-Sv I-fc - n-bp-≈X - n¬ Ip-™–p-√ (75). `m-cy: B-bn-i.

B-an-\-¡p-«n ]-®m-´n-cn: Iq-t™m-fn B-an-\-°p-´n (52). `¿Øm-hv: \m-fq-]-d-ºn¬ A-_v-Zp-¿d-lvam≥. a°ƒ: \u-jm-Zv (Z-Ωmw), ap-l-Ω-Zv B-cn-^v, \ujo-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-^o-Jv ]-cnbm-]p-cw, B-jn-^, kpss_-Z. k-tlm-Z-c≥: A_p.

A-kv-\-

a-ºm-Sv: tXm-´n‚-°-c sIm-S-°m-S≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv ^-tdm-°v: t]-´ Xp-º∏ - m- A-jv-d-^n-s‚ a-Iƒ ASw ]p-Xn-b Nn-d° - ¬ Xkv-\ (13). ≠m-cs - Øm-Sn sam-bvX - o≥- am-Xm-hv: kp-sse-J. Ip-´n (73). `m-cy: \-^o-k. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ωa-°ƒ: Iu-k¬, A-avd - v, Zv A-kv-ew, ap-l-Ω-Zv lm^-lZ- v, ^-co-Z. a-cp-a° - ƒ: jnw. a-ºm-Sv ]p-Ø≥-]≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ Jkn-dm-Pp-±o≥, du-\° - v, _-d-°n. ^m-cn-l, jm-\n-_.

sam-b-X v o³-Ip-«n

B-bn-i ]m-te-cn: Iq-\n-tbm-Sv aqim-cn-°≠ - n B-bn-i (80).

Ip-ª-e-hn sIm-t≠m-´n: s\-Sn-bn-cp∏v Nn-d-bn¬ sam-°≥ Ip™-e-hn (65). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: Ip™n-a-c-°m¿, e-Øo-^v, ^u-kn-b, k¬-am-_n, dwem-_n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-co^v, k-eow (Pn-km≥), A–p-¿d-lvam≥ (H-am≥), l-kv-\, _p-jv-d.

A-_q-_-¡À s]m-∂m-\n: B-\-∏-Sn sIm-´n-ep-߬ A-_q-_°¿ (63). `m-cy: ssa-aq-\. a-°ƒ: \n-km¿, \n-j, \nbm-kv. a-cp-a-I≥: ap-kv-X^. ]p-Xp-s]m-∂m-\n h-St° Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬ J-_-d-S-°n.

Ip-∂w-Ip-fw: F¿-Øv I-ºn-bn¬ \n-∂pw tjm-t°-‰v ho-´-Ω a-cn-®p. sNm-Δ-∂q¿ hn-f-°pw-X-d I-cp-a-Øn¬ c-ho-{μ-s‚ `m-cy h¬-k-e Ip-am-cn(51)bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v A-t©m-sS ho-Sp hr-Øn-bm°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS F¿-Øv I-ºn-bn¬ \n-∂v tjm-t°¬°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S≥ X-s∂ a-e-¶-c B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®p. Ip-∂w-Ipfw t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p. a-°ƒ: Pb-{io, in-h-Ip-am¿.

ImÀ C-Sn-¨v tem-«-dn hnÂ-¸-\-¡m-c³ a-cn-¨p

sXm-Sp-]p-g: Im¿ C-Sn-®p ]-cn-t°-‰ tem-´-dn hn¬-∏\-°m-c≥ a-cn-®p. sX-°pw`m-Kw Ip-™≥]-d-ºn¬ cm-a-N-{μ≥ ]n-≈ (69)bmWv a-cn-®-Xv. 15\v ap-X-e-t°m-Sw amhn≥ Np-h-´n¬ h-®v tem-´dn-°-®-h-Sw \-S-Øn-h-cp∂-Xn-\n-sS-bm-Wv Im-dn-Sn®-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kv-I-cn-®p. `m-cy: hn-P-b-Ω (Acn-°p-g \-kzm¿-aT-Øn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a-°ƒ: cmtP-jv, jo-_, hn-jv-ap {]n-b, ]-tc-X-\m-b km-tP-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-Rv-Pp, {io-P, kp-tc-{μ≥, A-Po-jv.

an-\n-tem-dn ss_-¡n-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

Ip-a-c-Iw: an-\n-tem-dn C-Sn®v \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´ ss_°v ssh-Zyp-Xn t]m-Ãn-enSn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. \m-ec-h-b- p-Im-c≥ a-I≥ ]cn-°p-I-tfm-sS c-£-s∏-´p. Ip-a-c-Iw am-eo-{X ]o-‰-dns‚ a-I≥ kn-dn¬ ]o-‰¿ (tam≥-kn˛30) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ ssI H-Sn-™ kn-dn-fn-s‚ a-I≥ B-Zn-tZ-hn-s\ h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p. ap-l-Ω I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]w kn.-Fw.F-kv. kv-Iqƒ P-Mv-j-\n-¬ D-®-bv-°v 2.30 t\m-Sp Iq-SntN¿-Ø-e h-f-h-\m-Sp-≈ `m-cy ho-´n-te-°v Ip-´n-bpam-bn t]m-hpw h-gn-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. Hm-t´m-sb adn-I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ an-\n-tem-dn ss_-°n-s‚ ]n∂n-en-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. C-Sn-bp-sS i-‡n-bn¬ \nb-{¥-Ww hn-´ ss_-°v t]m-Ãn-en-Sn-®v X-e-bv-°v Kpcp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ kn-dnƒ kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp Xs∂ a-cn-®p. c-iv-an-bm-Wv a-cn-® kn-dn-en-s‚ `m-cy.

B-{Ô-m kztZ-in-bmb i_-cn-ae XoÀ-°m-S-I³ a-cn-¨p

i-_-cn-a-e: B-{‘-bn¬ \n-∂v h-∂ Xo¿-Ym-S-I≥ acn-®p. B-{‘ F-®v.]n. tIm-f-\n-bn¬ sI F¬ Fw cm-Pp ap-Øp-cm-Pp (58) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. lr-Z-bm-LmX-am-Wv a-c-W-Im-c-Ww. A-∏m-®n-ta-Sn-\-Sp-Øv C∂se cm-hn-se H-º-tXm-sS tZ-lm-km-ÿyw A-\p-`h-s∏-´-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v A-Sp-Øp-≈ Im¿-Un-bm-Iv sk‚-dn¬ Nn-In-’-tX-Sn-sb-¶n-epw 9.30 Hm-sS a-c-Ws∏-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw \m-´n-te-°v A-b-®p.

bphXn hml-\m-]-I-S-¯n a-cn-¨p

a-Æ-t©-cn: kv-Iq-´¿ bm-{Xn-I-bm-b h-°o¬ Kp-a-kvX an-\n I-s≠-bv-\-dn-Sn-®v a-cn-®p. tN¿-Ø-e \-K-c-k` H-º-Xmw hm¿-Un¬ sIm-t°m-X-aw-K-ew Ip-t∂¬ ho-´n¬ _m-_p-cm-Pn-s‚ `m-cy B-i (32) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. B-e-∏p-g tN¿-Ø-e tZ-io-b]m-X-bn¬ sN-dn-b I-e-hq-cn-\v k-ao-]w C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v c-≠-c-tbm-sSbm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. B-e-∏p-g h-°o¬ Hm-^n-kn-se Kpa-kv-X-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-h¿. ho-´n-te-°v a-S-ßp-tºmƒ ]n-∂m-se h-∂ an-\n I-s≠-bv-\¿ B-i k-©-cn-®ncp-∂ kv-Iq-´-dn-s‚ ]n-∂n-en-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Be-∏p-g h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. a-°ƒ: A¿-Pp≥, A-`n-Pn-Øv.

Xn-cn-¨-dn-b tc-J-I-fnÃmsX aÂ-ky-ta-J-e-bn tPm-ensN-bv-X 11 _w-¥m-tZ-iv kz-tZ-in-IÄ ]n-Sn-bn ssh-∏n≥: Xn-cn-®-dn-b¬ tc-JI-fn-√m-sX ap-cn-°pw-]m-S-sØ a¬-ky-ta-J-e-bn¬ tPm-en sNbv-Xn-cp-∂ 11 _w-•m-tZ-iv kz-tZin-I-sf t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰p sNbv-Xp. d-^o-sk¬ ap-≈-(30),d-kmbpƒ-an-k-(35), A-ao≥-Ip(22),-apPm-tam-Uqƒ (24), sam-ln-_p-≈ Im-knw-(28), K-^q¿-(30),-A-\aqƒ-(18), l-an-\q¿-(31),_m-_pƒ ap-≈-(31), d-_n-bqƒ-ap-≈-(18),-apl-Ω-Zv l-_o-_p-≈ (22),-F-∂nh-sc-bm-Wv dp-d¬ F-kv.]n kXo-jv _n-t\m-bp-sS Io-gn-ep-≈ {]-tXy-I A-t\z-j-W kw-Lw A-d-kv-‰p sN-bv-X-Xv. c-l-kyhn-h-c-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v

ap-cp-°pw-]m-S-sØ aq-∂v a-¬kyI-b-‰p-a-Xn tI-{μ-߃ sd-bv-Uv sN-bv-Xm-Wv 11 t]-sc-bpw ]n-SnIq-Sn-b-Xv. C-h¿ ]-›n-a-_wKmƒ h-gn tI-c-f-Øn-se-Øn-bXm-sW-∂v t]m-enkv A-dn-bn®p. I-gn-™aq-∂p h¿-j-am-bn B-ep-h-bn¬ Xm-a-kn-®v tPm-ensN-bv-Xn-cp-∂ - C-h¿ ap-cp-°pw]m-S-Øv h-∂n-´v 11 Zn-h-k-ta Bbn-´p-≈p. ap-cp-°pw-]m-S-sØ F._n. kn., A-en-^v, k-ap-{Z F-∂o Iº-\n-I-fn-em-Wv C-h¿ tPm-en sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. C-tXØp-S¿∂v F._n.kn I-º-\n D-S-a-sb t]m-enkv I-Ã-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øv

]nSn-bn-em-b-h¿ Rm-d°¬- k¿-°nƒ- Hm-^nkn¬tNm-Zyw sN-bv-Xp. tIm-S-Xn- \n¿-t±-im-\p-k-c]n-Sn-bn-em-b-h-sc t^m-dn-t\- Ww _m-°n \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-Igv-kv B-Iv-Sv A-\p-k-cn-®v tI- cn-°p-sa-∂v Unssh-.F-kv.]n sk-Sp-Øv sIm-®n ^-Ãv ¢m-kv a- hn sI k-\n¬-Ip-am¿,Rm-dPn-kv-t{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P- °¬ kn.-sF. Sn Fw h¿-Ko-kv cm-°pw. F-∂n-h¿ A-dn-bn-®p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

25 \hw-_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

sd-bnÂ-th t_m-À-Uv ap³ sN-bÀ-am³ Fw F³ {]-km-Zv \ncym-X-\mbn Sn\p tPm¬

tZ-hIn

P-b-Ir-jv-W³

lwk

tam-l-\³

ap-l-½-Zv Ip-ªn lm-Pn

_o-^m-¯n-a

]-ø-∂q¿: G-cy-sØ C√n°¬ tPm¨˛en-k Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-Iƒ Sn-\p tPm¨ (23). `¿-Ømhv: I°m-s´ j-l-\m-kn¬ _n A-Iv-kmw.

C-cn´n: Io-gq¿ Ip-∂n-se A-c-°¬ tZ-h-In(82). `¿Ømhv: ]-tc-X\mb tKmhnμ≥. a°ƒ: cm-[, ku-an\n, tim-`, tZh≥, b-tim-Z, ]p-jv-], ]-tcX\mb tam-l-\≥.

C-cn´n: Io-gq-cn-se Io-gpcn-S-Øn¬ P-b-Ir-jv-W≥ hm-gp-∂-h¿ (79). C-cn-´n ssl-kv-Iqƒ dn-´. {]-[m\m-[ym-]-I-\m-bn-cp∂p. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ip-™nam-[h≥, \m-cm-b-W≥ am-kv‰¿, tcm-ln-Wn Ip´nb-Ω, am[-hn So-®¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v Io-gq-cn-se IpSpw-_ iv-a-im-\-Øn¬.

X-e-t»cn: [¿a-Sw H-gbo¬ `mK-sØ ss_Øp¬ lp-Z-bn¬ sIm´m-c-Øn¬ lw-k (60). H-g-bn¬ `m-Kw ap-\-hndp¬ C-kv-emw Pp-am-akv-Pn-Zv I-Ωn-‰n ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚mWv. `m-cy: kp-ss_-Z. a°ƒ: ^u-kn-b, ip-ssl_v, j-l-\mkv, j-^v\mkv, A¿-jo-\. a-cpa°ƒ: d-lv-am≥, djoZv, A-^v-Xm-_v.

X-e-t»cn: sImft»cn Imhpw`mKw klrZb Øn¬ _n tam-l-\≥ (60). `mcy: sI ]n cXn, a°ƒ: cay, c-ln¬, cln\. acp-a-I≥: \\o-jv.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: _mw-•q-cnse Cw-]o-cn-b¬ tlm-´¬ ]m¿-Sv-W¿ a-Wn-b-s\m-Snbn-se F≥ _n ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-™n lm-Pn (65). a-Wnb-t\m-Sn im-J eo-Kv {]-knU‚ v, in-lm-_v X-߃ kv-am-c-I dn-eo-^v I-Ωn-‰n sN-b¿-am≥, D-Zn-\q¿ P-amA-Øv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v Xp-S-ßn-b \n-e-I-fn¬ {]h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: _o-^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: I_o¿ (_mw-•q¿), k-ao-d, kp-l-d, \-ko-d, i-^o-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: j-dm-\, lmjnw (Zp-_-bv), I-cow (_mw-•q¿), Xm-ln¿ (sNss∂), A-j-d-^v (a-teky). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A–p-√ (_mw-•q¿), Jm-en-Zv (Zp-_-bv), _o-^m-Øn-a, kp-ss_-Z.

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: A-W¶q¿ s_-Zn-c-bn-se ]tc-X-\m-b No-∏v C{_m-ln-an-s‚ `m-cy _o-^m-Øn-a (80). a°ƒ: No-∏v ap-l-Ω-Zv, J-Zo-P, B-bn-i, a-dnbw, A-–p-√, ssk-\p±o≥, A-^v-k.a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-kv-dn, adn-bw, _m-e≥ A-–p√, D-Ω¿, _o-^m-Øna, ^m-Øn-a, ssk-\q±o≥.-

DaÀ lm-Pn C-cn´n: sN-Sn-°pf-sØ Nqtcym-´v D-a¿lm-Pn (88). `mcy: I-Æn-s∏m-bn¬ J-ZoP. a°ƒ: A-–p¬ JmZ¿, C-{_m-lnw, \mk¿, ssaaq-\, D-Ωp¬ ssl-a, P-aoe. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-∫mkv, kn-±oJv, \-koa, dw-eØv, d-lv-a-Øv.

ap-l-½-Zv ap-k-veymÀ tX-™n-∏-ew: tN-te-{º Np-°p-Ip-f-ß-c Im-cm-´v A-_v-Zp-d-lv-am-s‚ a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-eym¿ (50) lrZ-bm-LmXwaqew acn®p. G¿-hm-Sn-bn-¬ t]mbn Xn-cn-®p-h-cp-∂-Xn-\n-sS im-co-cn-I A-kz-ÿ-X -A\p-`-h-s∏-´- Ct±-lsØ s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æbnse- kzIm-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw acn-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p.

ap-l-½-Zv aq-¸³ I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: Un.Fw. sl¬-Øv sIb¿, anw-kv tlm-kv-]n‰¬ F-∂n-h-bp-sS sNb¿-am≥ ]-fl-{io. tUm. B-km-Zv aq-∏-s‚ ktlm-Z-c≥ I¬∏-I-t©cn a-≠m-b-]p-d-Øv ap-lΩ-Zv aq-∏≥ (82). I¬-∏I-t©-cn ta-e-ßm-Sn Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬ J-_-d-S°n. I-Æq¿ A-d-bv-°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-b lpssa-Z-bm-Wv `m-cy. a°ƒ: tUm. ^n-tdm-kv aq-∏≥, \-Pv-am sa-lv-_q_v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sa-lv-_q_v (ssl-°u-≠v ss]∏v-kv), s^-an-Zm aq-∏≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-jv-d^v aq-∏≥, kp-sse-J IÆq¿.

a-dn-bw Ip-‰ym-Sn: sN-dn-b-Ip-ºfw ]-tc-X-\m-b h-S-°Øm-g A-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy adn-bw (90). a-°ƒ: _n-ømØp, C-{_m-low (k-ao-d, •m-kv am¿-´v), ]m-Øp, A–p-√ (Ip-ssh-Øv), hn Sn kq-∏n (sk-{I-´-dn Zm-dp∂p-Pqw Hm¿-d-^-t\-Pv, t]-cm-{º), A-{¥p, Ben, k-eow (aq-h-cpw Ipssh-Øv), B-bn-ip, ]-tcX-\m-b sam-bv-Xp. a-cp-a°ƒ: B-bn-ip , ]m-Øp , B-bn-ip, \-^o-k, \-jok, B-bn-i, km-d, Bky, ]-tc-X-cm-b Xp-≠nbn¬ Ip-™-–p-√, ta-aÆn¬ Ip-™-Ω-Zv.

B-bni C-cn´n: Im-™n-te-cnsIm√-∏-d-ºn¬ ap-≠°¬ A-–p¬- Akokv˛Akv-a Z-º-XnI-fp-sS a-Iƒ B-bn-i (26). `¿-Ømhv: \u-jm-Zv (in-h-]p-cw). a°ƒ: dmln-\, dm-^n-\ (C-cphcpw hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ).

]m-¯p-½p l-Öp-½ th-ß-c: h-en-tbm-d Nn\-°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]d-tßm-S-Øv aq-k-°p-´nlm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ]mØp-Ωp -l-÷p-Ω (90).

\m-cm-b-W Kp-cn-¡mÀ \o¿-®m¬: _n-√m-cw X-dhm-Sn-se \m-cm-b-W Kp-cn°m¿(93). `m-cy: \m-cm-bWn. a-°ƒ: N-{μ≥, Irjv-W≥, tKm-]m-e≥, taml-\≥, A-tim-I≥, B\-μv, i-in-I-e, tcm-lnWn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-fn-\n, t_-_n, tl-a-e-X, t__n, kn-‘p, tc-jv-a, cmPp, Ir-jv-W≥.

Ieym-Wn A-½ \-cn-°p-\n: dn-´. hn-t√-Pv A-kn-Â v ho-cy-{ºw at¶m-c-Øp-I-≠n cm-a≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy \-Sp-hn-e°-≠n I-eym-Wn A-Ω (87). a-°ƒ: cp-Kvan-Wn A-Ω. Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b¿, _me≥ \m-b¿, tim-`-\m `mbv (A-[ym-]n-I, Fw.kn.kn. l-b¿-sk°≥-U-dn kv-Iqƒ, tImgn-t°m-Sv).

b-tim-Z

A-co-t°m-Sv: Fw.Fkv.]n Iymw-]n-\p kao-]w ]-tc-X-\m-b Icp-a-c-°m-S≥ tIm-cphn-s‚ `m-cy ]n b-timZ (72). a-°ƒ: cm-[n-I, N-{μn-I, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-\-μ-h-√n, hn-iz-\mY≥, th-Wp-tKm-]mIp-ªn-sam-bv-Xo³ t]-cm-{º: I¬-∏Øq¿ Ip- e≥, h-k-¥. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-Nyp-X≥, D∂-Øv kn sI Ip-™nsam-bv-Xo≥ (75). `m-cy: ]- Æn-Ir-jv-W≥, cm-Lh≥, N-{μ≥, Aw-_ntc-X-bm-b ^m-Xzn-a. aI, \n¿-a-e. kw-kv-Im°ƒ: B-ky, A-ko-kv, cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\u-jm-Zv(ap-kv-enw- eo-Kv \v Ip-Spw-_- iv-a-im-\s\m-®m-Sv ]-©m-b-Øv Øn¬. sk-{I-´-dn), ku-Z.

ap³ ]m-e-¡m-Sv \K-c-k`m A[y£ C]me-cm-°P-½mSv: ]me-°mSv

ap≥ \K-c-k`m sNb¿t]-gvkWpw ap≥a-{¥nbpw tIm¨ {Kkv t\Xm-hp-am-bncp∂ sh≈ Cu®-cs‚ aIƒ C cmPΩ (61). tXm´n-¶¬ ssa{Xn \Kdn¬ a[p-cn-a-bnse ho´n¬ \n∂p tZlmkzm-ÿysØ XpS¿∂v Bip-]-{Xn-bn-te°v sIm≠p-t]mhpw hgn C∂se D®-tbm-sSbmWv acn-®-Xv. alnfm tIm¨{Kkv ap≥ Pn√m {]kn-U‚m-bn-cp∂p. kn≥Un-t°‰v _m¶v dn´tb¿Uv ko\n-b¿ amt\-P¿ hn aWn-bmWv `¿Øm-hv. 2000 apX¬ 2005 hsc \K-c-k`m Iu¨kn-edm-bn-cp∂ cmPΩ 2003˛05 Ime-b-f-hn-emWv \K-c-k`bpsS A[y-£bm-b-Xv. a°ƒ: ARv-P-\, AJne, A¿Pp≥. acp-a-°ƒ: inh-Zm-kv, kPn¬.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sdbn¬-th t_m¿-Uv sN-b¿am-\m-bn-cp-∂ Fw F≥ {]km-Zv (81) A-¥-cn-®p. C-∂se ]p-e¿-s® c-≠p-a-Wn°v hm¿-[-Iy-k-l-P-am-b A- k p- J - s Ø- Ø p- S ¿- ∂ v sIm-√-sØ kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p A¥yw. Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ No-^v sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bn-cp-∂ kn H am-[-h-s‚ ]p-{X-\m-Wv. Zo¿-L-Im-e-w sd-bn¬-th bn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-® A-t±-lw 1999 ap-X¬ 2013 h-sc tdm-Uv tk-^v-‰n Iu¨-kn¬ Aw-K-am-bpw {]-h¿Øn-®n-´p-≠v. 1954 em-Wv A-t±-lw C-¥y≥ sd-bn¬-th k¿-hokn¬ tN-cp-∂-Xv. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b hm-k-¥n. a°ƒ: am-[-hv tam-l≥ (C-¥y≥ Hm-bn¬, apw-ss_), Pm-\p \-tc-jv (kv-t‰-‰v _m-¶v Hm-^v C-¥y, sIm-√w), im-c-Z hm-a-tZ-h≥ (B¿-°n-sS-Œv, sN-ss∂). a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-em tam-l≥, \-tc-jv \-tc-{μ≥ (sIm-√w), kp-\n¬ hm-a-tZ-h≥, (B¿-°n-sS-Œv, sNss∂). ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 10.30\v Xn-cp-h-\¥-]p-cw Ip-∂p-Ip-gn-bn-se h-k-Xn-bm-b tIm-a-Øv sIm-≠p-h-cpw. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 12 a-Wn°v ssX-°m-Sv im-¥n-I-hm-S-Øn¬ \-S-°pw.

]m¼pI-Sn-tb-äv hnZymÀYn a-cn¨p

C-cn-´n: ]m-ºp-I-Sn-tb-‰v 11 h-b- p-Im-c≥ a-cn-®p. Imhp-º-Sn ln-Zm-b-Øp¬ C-kv-emw a-Zv-d-k k-Z¿ ap-A√nw ]n ]n ju-°-Ø-en au-e-hn-bp-sS-bpw l-ko\-bpw a-I≥ k-_m-lp±o≥(11) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Xn-√-t¶-cn bp.]n. kvIqƒ A-©mw-¢m-kv hnZym¿-Yn-bm-Wv. c-≠p-Zn-hkw ap-ºv cm-{Xn Im-hp-ºSn Pp-am-A-Øv ]-≈n-bn¬ \n-∂v ho-´n-te-°v t]m-Ith-bm-Wv ]m-ºp-I-Sn-®-Xv. ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bnem-bn-cp-∂ k-_m-lp-±o≥ i-\n-bm-gv-N cm-{Xn-tbm-sS a-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-Øv-a-C-∂, ap-kv-en-l, k-em-lp-±o≥.

hym-]m-cn Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp- a-cn-¨p

apl½-Zv J-\n

apl½-Zv tImb

tc-h-Xn So-¨À

Ip-ª-Ðp-Ã

l-k-³ ap-kv-eymÀ

tUm. Fw Sn P-b

Nn-‰q¿: sX-ep-¶p kv{So-‰v ap-lΩ-Zv I-\n (80). J-_-dS-°w C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 12 \v Nn-‰q¿ am-©n-d J-_-dn-ÿm\n¬ \-S-°pw. `mcy: ^m-Øn-a_o_n. a-°ƒ: k°o¿ A-en (F.Sn.Fkv.H Nn-‰q¿), P¬-Ima, A-kv-am_n, Xm-Pq∂o-k.

\-Sp-h´w: Fw ]n lukn¬ ap-lΩ-Zv tIm-b (70). `mcy: I-Zo-i_n. a°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ dkmJv, A-_v-Zp¬ d-lvam≥, dn-bmkv, km-_nd, km-ln-Z. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-enw, DΩ¿-tIm-b. kw-kv-Imcw cm-hn-se 11 a-Wn-°v \-Sph-´w Pp-am-a-kv-PnZn¬.

tN-te-{º: dn-´. A-[ym-]I≥ C-Sn-aq-gn-°¬ t{i-bkn¬ ]n kn \m-cm-b-W≥ am-Ã-dp-sS `m-cy tc-h-Xn So-®¿ (71). Im-en-°-‰v bq\n-th-gv-kn-‰n ssl-kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A-[ym-]n-I-bmWv. a-°ƒ: Zo-]v-Xn, Zn-hy. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I-cp-Wm-I-c≥, i-in. kw-kv-Im-cw tKm-Xoiz-cw iv-a-im-\-Øn¬ \SØn.

I¬-∏Ø - q¿: F-Sh - c - m-Sv If-cn-bp-≈X - n¬ Ip-™– - p√ (75). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a°ƒ: sam-bvX - p, kp-ss_Z, kp-aø - , A-kva - . a-cp-a°ƒ: C-{_m-low a-Wn-ae (ku-Zn), d-jo-Zv I-cp-am-dØv, d-jo-Zv a-cp-tX-cn, \-kvd. k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: A-ΩXv, Ip-™ - ≥, aq-k, Bbn-i, a-dn-bw, ]-tc-X\ - m-b Ip-™m-en.

A-co-t°m-Sv: ]q-t°m-´ptNm-e sh-≈-°m-]-dºn¬ ]p-\m-\n-t°m-S≥ l-k-≥ ap-kv-eym¿ (75). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A-iv-d-^v (kuZn), A-en, B-bn-i, a-dnbp-Ω, \-^o-k, D-Ωpk¬-a, B-an-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: Ip-™m-en, lk≥-Ip-´n, ssk-X-e-hn, ap-\o-d, km-_n-d.

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: sXm-Sp-]p-g Cu-Ãv I-eq¿ tUm. Fw Sn P-b (70˛-dn-´. ko-\n-b¿ sa-Un-°¬ Hm-^n-k¿). a°ƒ: tUm. Nn-©n-\ {]ho¨ (t]m-≠n-t®-cn), tUm. U-bm-\ {io-Pn-Øv (am-\n-]p-cw). a-cp-a-°ƒ: tUm. {]-ho¨ ({]-^. t]m-≠n-t®-cn bq-\n-th-gvkn-‰n), tUm. sI sP {ioPn-Øv (am-\n-]p-cw).

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: km-[-\-߃ hm-ßm≥ \-K-c-Ønse-Øn-b ]-gw-˛-]-®-°-dn hym-]m-cn Ip-g-™p-ho-Wv I-S-ep-≠n: s]-cpw-]-‰a-cn-®p. sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿ bn¬ I-≠-\m-cn am-fp a-P¬ P-_¬-\q¿ a-kv-Pn(87). `-¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-XZn-\-Sp-Ø A-–p¿-d-lv-am\m-b A-∏p. ]n-W-dmbn: X-ø¬-sØm- \m-Wv(58) C-∂-se D-®a-°ƒ: Ir-jv-W≥ (dn-´. gn-em-fn kwL-S-\m ÿm- tbm-sS Im-k¿-tIm-Uv t]m-en-kv), [¿a-Zm-k≥ a¬- k y- a m¿- ° - ‰ n- \ - S p- Ø v (sd-bn¬-th, ^-tdm-°v), ]-I t\-Xmhpw \m-jIp-g-™p-ho-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. \¬ U-tam-{Im-‰n-°v l-co-{μ≥ (t]m¿-´v {S-kv`m-cy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: ‰v, sIm-®n), ]-tc-X-bm-b ssSte-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j≥ (F≥.Un.Sn.F) dw-ko-\, k-^v-hm-\, Pwtim-`-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n¿-a-e, Ko-X, kwÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚pam- jo-\, Xw-ko-\. a-cp-a-I≥: k-P-\, ]-Xva-P≥. b Sn Fw `m-kv-I-c≥ (78). a-\m-^v. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Jm-knw, A-en, l-ao-Zv. kw-ÿm\-sØ A-kwL-Sn-Xcm-b X-ø¬ sXmgn-em-fnI-sf kwL-Sn-∏n®v A-h-Im-i-ß-fpw Bs]-cn-tßmw: ]-ø-∂q¿ G-gn-tem-Sv kz-tZ-in-bm-b bp\p-Iq-ey-ßfpw t\-Snhm-hn-s\ ]p-fn-tßm-Øn-\-Sp-Ø ]m-em-h-b¬ G-WnsbS-p°m≥ \m-ep ]-Xn®m-en-se tXm-´n¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. ‰m-≠n-te-sd-bm-bn t\G-gn-tem-s´ a-∂m-SnXrXzw \¬-Inh-cn-I-bmbm¿ ho-´n¬ hn-P-b≥(38) bn-cp∂p. km-bn-tk-hm B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se k-an-Xn- {]-h¿-Ø-Icm-hn-se F-t´m-sS-bm-Wp \mWv . Zm-k³ ar-X-tZ-lw I-≠-Xv. ]m-emh-≈n-°p-∂v: H-en-{]wI- k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]-tcX\m-b Ip-™n-°Æ≥, h-b-en¬ ^¿-Wn-®¿ tjmS-hv Xn-cp-Øn-bn-se a∏n-se Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-bnam-[-hn. kw-kv-Im-cw CÆn¬ Zm-k≥ (54). tNte-{º sIm-f-°m-´p Nm∂p-®-bv°v 2.30\v ho-´p-h- cp-∂p. i-\n-bm-gv-N sshIo-´v Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßn-ben C.Un t]m-Ãv-am-\m-bn- f-∏n¬. cp-∂p. `m-cy: k-Xy-`m-a. at∏mƒ Im¬-h-gp-Xn-ho-Wv B-bn-i °ƒ: \n-Xp. k-tlm-Z-cA-]-I-S-Øn¬s∏-´-Xm-sW-∂p I-cp-Xp-∂p. ]m-te-cn: Iq-\n-tbm-Sv aq߃: {]-kq¨ Ip-am¿, Nn-‰m-cn-°m-en¬-\n-∂v t]m-en-sk-Øn C≥-Iz-Ãv im-cn-°≠ - n B-bn-i (80). \-S-Øn-b ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\mi-in-I-e, Ip-ap-Zw. bn ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te°v sIm-≠p-t]m-bn. `m-cy: sk-en≥. a-°ƒ: tdm-P, tPm-b¬ (C-cp-h-cpw ]-ø-∂q¿ sk‚ v ta-co-kv ssl-kv-Iqƒ hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ). ktlm-Z-c≥: t_m-Wn-t°m-kv.

F³.Un.Sn.F kwØm-\ {]-kn-Uâv `mkv-Ic³

am-fp

^À-Wn-¨À sXm-gn-em-fn tXm-«n a-cn-¨-\n-e-bnÂ

sam-bv-Xp

sam-b-X v o³-Ip-«n

Ip-ª-e-hn

A-kv-\-

A-_q-_-¡À

B-an-\-¡p-«n -

ta-∏-bq¿: P-\-Io-bap-°nse ]-tc-X-\m-b Fw kn A-–p-√-t°m-b-bp-sS aI≥ Fw kn sam-bv-Xp (53). am-Xm-hv: Ip-™m-bni. `m-cy: k-^n-b. a-I≥: \m-jn-Iv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: P-ao-e, B-cn-^v, b-ap-\, kp-ss_¿, sse-e.

^-tdm-°v: t]-´ Xp-º∏ - mSw ]p-Xn-b Nn-d° - ¬ X≠m-cs - Øm-Sn sam-bvX - o≥Ip-´n (73). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a°ƒ: Iu-k¬, A-avd - v, ^l-Zv, ^-co-Z. a-cp-a° - ƒ: kndm-Pp-±o≥, du-\° - v, ^m-cnl, jm-\n-_. k-tlm-Zc - ß-ƒ: ap-lΩ - Z- vI - p-´n, I-Ωp.

sIm-t≠m-´n: s\-Sn-bn-cp-∏v Nn-d-bn¬ sam-°≥ Ip-™e-hn (65). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a°ƒ: Ip-™n-a-c-°m¿, eØo-^v, ^u-kn-b, k¬-am_n, dw-em-_n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-co-^v, k-eow (Pn-km≥), A-–p-¿d-lvam≥ (H-am≥), l-kv-\, _p-jv-d.

a-ºm-Sv: tXm-´n‚-°-c sImS-°m-S≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv A-jv-d^n-s‚ a-Iƒ A-kv-\ (13). am-Xm-hv: kp-sse-J. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv A-kv-ew, ap-l-Ω-Zv lmjnw. a-ºm-Sv ]p-Ø≥-]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ J-_-d°n.

s]m-∂m-\n: B-\-∏-Sn sIm-´n-ep-߬ A-_q-_°¿ (63). `m-cy: ssa-aq-\. a-°ƒ: \nkm¿, \n-j, \n-bm-kv. a-cpa-I≥: ap-kv-X-^. ]p-Xps]m-∂m-\n h-S-t° Pp-am-akv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ J_-d-S-°n.

]-®m-´n-cn: Iq-t™m-fn B-an-\-°p-´n (52). `¿-Ømhv: \m-fq-]-d-ºn¬ A-_v-Zp¿d-lvam≥. a-°ƒ: \ujm-Zv (Z-Ωmw), ap-l-Ω-Zv B-cn-^v, \u-jo-_. a-cp-a°ƒ : d-^o-Jv ]-cn-bm-]pcw, B-jn-^, kp-ss_-Z. k-tlm-Z-c≥: A-_p.

Im-f-h-−n-bn ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v a[y-h-bkvI³ a-cn-¨p cm-a³-\m-bÀ

am-ap-«n

kp-ss_-Z-

I-eym-Wn A-½

^m-Xzn-a l-Öp-½

Ip-ªo-cp-Ip-«n l-Öp-½-

I-eym-Wn

am-fp

sI.-]p-cw: dn-´. _n.Fkv.-F≥.-F¬ Po-h-\-°mc≥ ]-´-cp-]-d-ºv tImtem-Øv cm-a≥-\m-b¿ (90 ). -`m-cy: ao-\m-£n AΩ. a-°ƒ: D-Z-b-cm-Pv, kzm-an-Zm-kv (ku-Zn), _m-_p-cm-Pv, kp-P ,_nPp (ku-Zn).- a-cp-a-°ƒ: an-\n, kp-tc-jvIp-am¿, {]Pn-X, c-ay, {]-Pn.

F-c-aw-K-ew: tIm-Xp-°v ]cm-°n¬ ]n Fw am-ap-´n (90). `m-cy: B-bn-ip-Ω. a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (_l-vdbv≥), ssa-aq-\, ]-tcX-\m-b ssk-\p-±o≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: bq-k-^v (JØ¿), j-°o-e, d-kn-b. A-bn-cq¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬ J-_-d-S°n .

tX-™n-∏-ew: B-ep߬ kz-tZ-in ap-fn-tbmfn _o-cm≥-tIm-b-bp-sS `m-cy kp-ss_-Z (42). a-°ƒ: \n-bm-kv (JØ¿), dn-bm-kv, _p-jv-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-low (Iq-´pap-®n), lm-kn-e. tX™n-∏-ew In-g-s° Pp-apA-Øv- ]-≈n-bn¬ J-_-dS-°n.

Ip-μa - w-Ke - w: ss]-tßm-´p]p-dw Ip-´m-SØ - v ]-tc-X\ - mb Zm-tam-Zc - ≥ \m-bc - p-sS `m-cy I-eym-Wn A-Ω (85). a-°ƒ: k-cf - , kp-[m-Ic - ≥, cm-[m-Ir-jvW - ≥, Ir-jvW≥-Ip-´n, in-hZ- m-k≥ (kn.]n.Fw. ss]-tßm-´p]p-dw sh-Ãv {_m-©w-Kw). a-cp-a° - ƒ: {io-[c - ≥ \mb¿, ]p-jv] - , do-\, hn-Pn.

sN-e-hq¿: ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-b-S-Øv am-ap-t°m-b-bpsS `m-cy ^m-Xzn-a l-÷pΩ (84). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, B-en-°p-´n, kn-±o-Jv, Aiv-d-^v, ssk-\-_, B-Ci, B-an-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-™-l-Ω-Zv, ap-l-Ω-Zv I-t°m-Sn, A-_vZp¿-d-lv-am≥, ^m-Xzn-a, Pao-e, k-ao-d, km-Pn-Z.

Nm-∏-\-ßm-Sn: h-´-∏-dºn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b sNdp-Im-´n¬ ssk-Xm-en-bpsS `m-cy ta-°-cp-º≥ Ip-™o-cp-Ip-´n l-÷pΩ- (80). a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n, Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv, Assk-\m¿, ^m-Øn-a, B-ky.

h-S-I-c: s]m≥-ta-cn-∏-dºn¬ aw-K-em-Sv tIm-c∏m-≠n-bn¬ I-eym-Wn (97). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-Sp-tßzm≥. a-°ƒ: amXp, \m-cm-b-Wn, NmØp, eo-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: s]m-°≥, I-Æ≥, Pm\p, _m-e≥.

]p-∂-t»-cn: A-º-ew-]d-º-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b s]c-h-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy Imhp-ß-¬ kp-c-`n-bn¬ amfp (87). a-°ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥ (dn-´. \-gv-kn-Mv A-kn-Â v), tZ-h-In. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tKm]m-e≥ (Im-¥-]p-cw), ssj-e-P.

Nn-‰q¿: Im-f-h-≠n-bn¬ ss_-°v C-Sn-®v B-[m-cw Fgp-Øp-Im-c≥ a-cn-®p. A-Øn-a-Wn ]m-tem-Sv am-S-t»cn kp-[¿-Ω ho-´n¬ cm-a-\p-Æn a-∂m-Sn-bm-cp-sS aI≥ ap-c-fo-Ir-jv-W≥ (52) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se ]tØ ap-t°m-tem-sS ]-≈Ømw-]p-≈n-bn¬-h-®v ap-cfo-Ir-jv-W≥ k-©-cn-® ss_-°v \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´v Im-f-h-≠n-bn¬ C-Sn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. Kp-cp-X-c-ambn ]-cn-t°-‰ ap-c-fo-Ir-jvW-s\ ]m-e-°m-Sv kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-thin-∏n-®p-sh-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. Pn-√m B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn-b ar-X-tZ-lw _‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. A-Ω: Ip-am-cn-b-Ω. `mcy: e-£v-an-tZ-hn. a-°ƒ: A-ar-X, A-`n-em-jv.

ss_-¡v ssh-Zyp-Xn-¯q-Wn-en-Sn¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn¨p hn-P-b³

sam-b-X v o³-tIm-b

Ip-ªn-¡-®³

Nn-cp-X

ti-J-c³

Nn-¶-½p

]m-dp

ImÀ-Xym-b-\n

cm-a-\m-´p-I-c: ]p-Xp-t°mSv am-Wn-tb-S-Øv ssh-Zyc-ßm-Sn s]-cp-ºn¬ hn-Pb≥ (60). `m-cy: hn-P-b-e£van. a-°ƒ: hn-tP-jv, k-Pn-X, jn-Pn-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-\n¬-Ip-am¿, kp[o-jv, _o-\p.

]-tøm-fn: s]-cp-amƒ-]p-cw In-gs - °-aÆ - w Nm-en¬ kn Sn sam-bvX - o≥-tIm-b (65). `m-cy: I-Zo-i. a-°ƒ: k-do\, km-ln-Z, k-ao-d, jman¬. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-jvd - ^ - v (sI.F-kv.C._n), sam-bvXp, A-en (Zp-_b - v), d-jo-Z.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: \-¥n_km-dn¬ ]m-d-°m-´v I-Wnbm‚-hn-S Ip-™n-°Æ≥ (83). `m-cy: \m-cm-bWn. a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-t°f-∏≥, eo-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv _m-_p (Ipssh-Øv), jo-\.

hm-Wn-ta¬: \-cn-°q-≈-]d-º-Øv Nn-cp-X (80). a°ƒ: Ip-am-c≥, I-eym-Wn, ]m-dp, A-tim-I≥, kp-tcjv (kn.]n.Fw. sIm-{In _m-©w-Kw). a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-Wp, I-a-e, D-j, \n-j. k-©-b-\w _p-[-\m-gv-N.

Im-´n-e-∏o-Sn-I: Ip-\nbn¬ ti-J-c≥ (72). `m-cy: ao-c. a-°ƒ: cmtP-jv, Pn-tX-jv. a-cpa-°ƒ: sj-dn, K-n¬\. k-©-b-\w _p-[\m-gv-N.

am-ßm-´n-cn: Xn-cp-\n-eØ - v I-≠n Nn-∂Ω - p (70). a°ƒ: tKm-]m-eI - r-jvW - ≥, tZ-hb - m-\n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: kpIp-am-c≥, im-en-\n.

ta-em-‰q¿: Xm-tg sNΩm-Wn-tbm-Sv A-≈n-h-f∏n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-cmb-W-s‚ `m-cy ]m-dp (98). a-°ƒ: k-Xy-`m-a, cp-Kvan-Wn, hn-P-b-Ir-jvW≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: hn-P-be-£-an.

ta-∏-bq¿: Im-c-bm-Sv Xn-cph-ßm-bq-cn-se a-cp-Xn-bm´v Nm-en¬ Im¿-Xym-b-\n (78). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Irjv-W≥, tZ-hn.

s]m³-ap-Sn-bn hn-t\m-Z-k-©mcn an¶-teäp a-cn-¨p; c-−p-t]À-¡v ]-cn¡v s]m-≥ap-Sn: s]m≥-ap-Sn-bnse Ønb \m-ew-K-kw-L-Øn-¬ Hcmƒ an-∂te-‰v a-cn-®p. H-∏-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂ kp-lr-Øp-°fm-b c-≠p-t]¿-°v s]m-≈-te-‰p. Hcmƒ ]-cn-t°¬-°m-sX c-£s∏´p. I√º-ew tN∂≥-tIm-Sv aXp-c-t°m-Sv i-¶-c≥-ap-°n¬ ]tc-X\m-b k-Xy-]m-e-s‚bpw cm-[m-a-Wn-bp-sSbpw a-I≥ APn≥ (21) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. kp-lrØp-°-fpw s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv ]-\hq¿ sh-≈mwNn-d kz-tZ-in-Ifpam-b l-cn-Ir-jvW≥, A-PnØv F-∂n-h-sc-bm-Wv ]-cn-°p-Itfm-sS sa-Un-°¬ tImf-Pv Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®n-cn-

°p-∂Xv. C∂- s e D-®-bv-°v Hcp-aWn-tbmsS s]m-≥-apSn-bv-°p kao-]-am-bn-cp∂p A-]-ISw. _-‘pKr-l-Ønse-Øn-b-ti-jw APn≥ kp-lr-Øp-°-fp-am-bn Imdn-emWv s]m-≥ap-Sn-bnse-Ønb-Xv. s]m≥ap-Sn A-∏¿ km-\n-t‰mdn-b-Øn\Sp-Øp-≈ Ip-∂n≥-{]tZ-i-Øv hn-{i-an-°p-tºm-gm-Wv i-‡amb an-∂-ep-≠m-b-Xv. CXn¬ A-Pn\v Kp-cp-X-c-ambn

s]m-≈-te¬-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. H-∏-ap-≈h¿ \n-e-hn-fn-®-Xn-s\Øp-S¿-∂v h-gn-bm-{X-°m-cm-Wv s]m≥-ap-Sn t]m-en-kn¬ hn-h-ca-dn-bn-®Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v t]m-en-sk-Øn Ch-sc hnXp-c k¿-°m¿ B-ip]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶nepw A-Pns\ c-£n-°m-\m-bn√. A-Pn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰v-tam¿-´-Øn\p-ti-jw C∂-se D-®-tbm-sS kw-kv-I-cn®p. k-Pn≥, ku-ay F-∂nh¿ ktlm-Z-c-ß-fm-Wv. sF.Sn.sF. I-gn-™v U¬-ln-bn¬ tPment\m-°n-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p APn≥. s]m≥-ap-Sn t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v hr²³ a-cn-¨p a-Æm¿-°m-Sv: Im¬-\-S-bm-{X°m-c≥ ss_-°n-Sn-®v a-cn-®p. I√-Sn-t°m-Sv kz-tZ-in tKm-]me≥ \m-b¿(62) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS ]me-°m-Sv-˛-tIm-gn-t°m-Sv tZ-io-b]m-X-bn¬ I-√-Sn-t°m-Sv I\m¬-Pw-Kv-j-\p k-ao-]-am-Wv A-]-I-Sw. A-an-X-th-K-X-bn-seØn-b tam-t´m¿ ssk-°nƒ tdm-U-cn-In-eq-sS \-S-∂p-t]mhp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ tKm-]m-e≥-\mb-sc C-Sn-®p-ho-gv-Øp-I-bm-bncp-∂p. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ Cbm-sf s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ kz-Im-cyB-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-h-in-∏n-s®¶n-epw D-®-tbm-sS a-c-Ww k-w-`hn-®p. a-Æm¿-°m-Sv t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn.

D-aÀ

C-cn-´n: B-d-fw sN-Sn-°pfw Nq-cn-tbm-´v D-a¿ (80).

e-£-av n A-½ Ip-≠w-Ip-gn: am-S° - √ - v ]p¢-Øv e-£va - n A-Ω(98).

C-cn´n: ss_-°v ssh-Zyp-Xn-Øq-Wn-en-Sn®v bp-hm-hv a-cn®p. ]m-bw I-cn-bm-en-se tPm-k^v˛t{X-kym-Ω Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS aq-∂ma-sØ a-I≥ d-∂n tPm-k^v(29)B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C∂-se cm-{Xn 8.30Hm-sS-bmbn-cp-∂p A-]-ISw. tX-∏p]-Wn-°m-c\m-b d-∂n tPmen I-gn-™v C-cn-´n-bn¬-\n∂p ho-´n-te-°v ss_°n¬ t]m-I-sh-bm-Wv A-]ISw. km-c-am-bn ]-cnt°‰ d-∂n-sb Io-gq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-¬ F-Øn-s®-¶nepw c-£n-°m-\m-bn√. k-tlm-Zc߃: tdmbn, dPn, sP-kn, enkn.

Xn-cn-¨-dn-b tc-J-I-fnÃmsX aÂ-ky-ta-J-e-bn tPm-ensN-bv-X 11 _w-¥m-tZ-iv kz-tZ-in-IÄ ]n-Sn-bn ssh-∏n≥: Xn-cn-®-dn-b¬ tc-JI-fn-√m-sX ap-cn-°pw-]m-S-sØ a¬-ky-ta-J-e-bn¬ tPm-en sNbv-Xn-cp-∂ 11 _w-•m-tZ-iv kz-tZin-I-sf t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰p sNbv-Xp. d-^o-sk¬ ap-≈-(30),d-kmbpƒ-an-k-(35), A-ao≥-Ip(22),-apPm-tam-Uqƒ (24), sam-ln-_p-≈ Im-knw-(28), K-^q¿-(30),-A-\aqƒ-(18), l-an-\q¿-(31),_m-_pƒ ap-≈-(31), d-_n-bqƒ-ap-≈-(18),-apl-Ω-Zv l-_o-_p-≈ (22),-F-∂nh-sc-bm-Wv dp-d¬ F-kv.]n kXo-jv _n-t\m-bp-sS Io-gn-ep-≈ {]-tXy-I A-t\z-j-W kw-Lw A-d-kv-‰p sN-bv-X-Xv. c-l-kyhn-h-c-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v

ap-cp-°pw-]m-S-sØ aq-∂v a-¬kyI-b-‰p-a-Xn tI-{μ-߃ sd-bv-Uv sN-bv-Xm-Wv 11 t]-sc-bpw ]n-SnIq-Sn-b-Xv. C-h¿ ]-›n-a-_wKmƒ h-gn tI-c-f-Øn-se-Øn-bXm-sW-∂v t]m-enkv A-dn-bn®p. I-gn-™aq-∂p h¿-j-am-bn B-ep-h-bn¬ Xm-a-kn-®v tPm-ensN-bv-Xn-cp-∂ - C-h¿ ap-cp-°pw]m-S-Øv h-∂n-´v 11 Zn-h-k-ta Bbn-´p-≈p. ap-cp-°pw-]m-S-sØ F._n. kn., A-en-^v, k-ap-{Z F-∂o Iº-\n-I-fn-em-Wv C-h¿ tPm-en sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. C-tXØp-S¿∂v F._n.kn I-º-\n D-S-a-sb t]m-enkv I-Ã-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øv

]nSn-bn-em-b-h¿ Rm-d°¬- k¿-°nƒ- Hm-^nkn¬tNm-Zyw sN-bv-Xp. tIm-S-Xn- \n¿-t±-im-\p-k-c]n-Sn-bn-em-b-h-sc t^m-dn-t\- Ww _m-°n \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-Igv-kv B-Iv-Sv A-\p-k-cn-®v tI- cn-°p-sa-∂v Unssh-.F-kv.]n sk-Sp-Øv sIm-®n ^-Ãv ¢m-kv a- hn sI k-\n¬-Ip-am¿,Rm-dPn-kv-t{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P- °¬ kn.-sF. Sn Fw h¿-Ko-kv cm-°pw. F-∂n-h¿ A-dn-bn-®p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

25 \-hw-_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

ImÀ C-Sn-¨v tem-«-dn hnÂ-¸-\-¡m-c³ a-cn-¨p

P-ao-em-_o-hn

a-½n

tKm-]n

tZ-h-kym

sa-l-_q-_v

ta-cn-¡p-«n-

A-½n-Wn

hÂ-k½ tXm-a-kv

ap-´-∏-≈n(F-cp-taen): ]p-Xp-hm-{X ]-tc-X-\m-b A-_p-_-°¿-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy P-ao-em-_o-hn (73). J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn. a°ƒ: Xm-Pp-±o≥ au-e-hn, ap-l-Ω-Zv km-Zn-Jv au-ehn, ap-l-Ω-Zv km-en-lv au-e-hn, km-_n-lv d-lvam≥, A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv, A-\-kv, d-lv-a-Øv _o-hn, dw-e-Øv _o-hn, d-kn-eØv, d-Pp-e A-lv-a-Zv (F≥.-U-ªyp.-F-^v Pn√m sk-{I-´-dn), sF-jm _o-hn, B-_n-Xm _o-hn, ]-tc-X-bm-b dm-l-Øv _o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ : d-ko\m _o-hn, k-eo-\m _ohn, kp-a-øm, _p-jv-d, Pmkv-an≥, B-Zn-e, k-°o¿ lp-ssk≥ au-e-hn, kem-lp-±o≥ au-e-hn, Aj-d-^v au-e-hn, ]n Fw A-lv-a-Zv (tX-P-kv _yqtdm No-^v, tIm-´-bw), sj-ao¿ au-e-hn, ]-tc-X\m-b A-_p-_-°¿.

Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´: ]-Øm-g-∏Sn h-√y-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]-co-Xv-Ip-™n-s‚ a-I≥ lm-Pn hn ]n aΩn(B-∏m-©n-d D-∏m∏˛99). J-_-d-S-°w \-SØn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃:]mØp-Ω, ]-tc-X-cm-b B-an\, ]m-Øp-Ω, sj-co-^, Im-bn.

N-ß-\m-ti-cn: B-h-Wn tIm-®p-]-d-ºn¬ ho-´n¬ F tKm-]n(69)- .kw-km°m-cw C-∂v 1 \v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬. -`m-cy: a-Wn(s]mSn-bm-Sn I-√p-¶¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw)-. a-°ƒ:A-Pn-X,B-i,A-`n-em-jv. -a-cp-a°ƒ:kp-tc-jv(-B-\m-cn ]-©m-b-Øv Hm-^n-kv)inh-Ip-am¿.

aq-∂n-e-hv-: tNw-ªm-\n°¬- kn- ‰n- tZ-h-kym (sIm-t®-´≥-˛83).- kw-kv°m-cw- C-∂v 3-\v- aq-∂n-ehv- sk‚ v ta-co-kv- ]-≈nsk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.- `m-cy-: t{X-kym-Ω (aq∂n-e-hvsIm-®p-ho-´n¬- Ip-Spw_m-Kw).- a-°ƒ- : ta-cn°p-´n,- F¬-k-Ω,- Nn-∂Ω,- en-√n,- kn-kn-en,- D-Ω®≥.- a-cp-a-°ƒ- : Ip-cp-hnf,- tPm¿-Pv- tXm-a-kv-,- tPmWn- am-Xy, ]-tc-X-\m-b t\m-_nƒ-.

N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ]q-g-h-mXn¬ ]p-Xp-∏-d-ºn¬ sal-_q-_v(58). J-_-d-S°w C-∂v 10\v ]p-Xq¿-∏≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `mcy: B-e-∏p-g ssX-∏-dºn¬ Ip-Spw-_m-Kw ^mØn-a. a-°ƒ: a-©p, an‚p, an-\p,A-Pv-a¬. a-cpa-°ƒ: jn-Pp(s]≥-]m-ekv), am-ln≥(a-kv-°-‰v).

]m-ºm-Sn-: sh-≈q¿- (]-dpX-e-a-‰w)- ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬]-tc-X-\m-b ]n- Sn- tXm-akn-s‚ (dn-´.-B¿-an)- `mcy- ta-cn-°p-´n- (85)-.- sIm√m-Sv- ap-√-ti-cn-em-b Aºm-´p-]-d-ºn¬- Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv.- kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v 12.-30 \v- sh-≈q¿7˛mw- ssa¬- Zn- s]-¥t°m-kv- an-j≥- sk-antØ-cn-bn¬.- a-°ƒ-: ]tc-X-\m-b cm-Pp(dn-´.B¿-an),- kq-k-Ω,- ss_Pp,- _n-Pn-tamƒ,- sIm-®ptam≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: t__n-®≥-(dn-´.- F-b¿-t^mgv-kv)-,- A-®≥-Ip-™v-.

Xncph√: ta-{]m¬ ]q-Xnt°m-Sv s\-©w-I-≠Øn¬ tUm. ]n Pn G{_-lm-an-s‚ `m-cy A-ΩnWn(78). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂oSv. sh-Æn-°p-fw I√n‰-°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-KamWv. a°ƒ: tkm-a(A-_p-Zm_n), tdm-bn(bp.Fkv.F.), jm-Pn(A-_p-Zm_n). a-cp-a°ƒ: A\n, sd-\n(A-_p-Zm-_n), an\n(bp.F-kv.F.)

Xo-t°mbn: amhSn ]p√m-´v tXma-kv am-Xyp (tSm-an)bp-sS `m-cy h¬kΩ tXm-a-kv(61). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v c-≠n-\v th-e-Øp-t»-cn sk‚ v sk-_m-kv-‰y≥ ]-≈nskan-tØcnbn¬. a°ƒ: tPm-_n, a-\n-X, __n-X, tPm-tPm (F√mhcpw bp.sI). a-cpa°ƒ: tkm-_n tIm-bn°¬ h-S-t°¬, hn-t\mZv h-e-cn-bn¬ I√q¿°mSv, tPm-_n≥ ]-d-ºIØv sIm-gp-h-\m¬, jo-\ Hm-c-tج Ip-d-hn-e-ßmSv (F√m-hcpw bp.sI).

tc-h-Xn So-¨À

Ip-ª-Ðp-Ã

tN-te-{º: dn-´. A-[ym]-I≥ C-Sn-aq-gn-°¬ t{ib-kn¬ tc-h-Xn So-®¿ (71).

Pm-\-InXp-d-hq¿-:- h-f-aw-K-ew- Nmem th-en-¬- ]-tc-X-\mb- X-¶-∏-s‚ `m-cy- -Pm-\In- (78) \n-cym-X-bm-bn. aIƒ:- ]-tc-X-bm-b- B-\μ-h-√n. a-cp-a-I≥:F≥.sI.X-¶-®≥.

tam-l³-Zm-kv ]m-Wm-h≈n: ]m-Wmh≈n ]-©mb-Øv B-dmw hm¿-Uv Ing-s° X´mw ho-´n¬ tam-l≥-Zm-kv (60). `m-cy: tZ-hIn. a-°ƒ: cXn, tc-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cPn-tam≥, {]-tam-Zv. I¬-∏Ø - q¿: F-Sh - c - m-Sv I-fc - n-bp-≈X - n¬ Ip-™–p-√ (75). `m-cy: B-bn-i.

tKm-]n-\m-Y³ B-Nm-cn ]m-Wm-h≈n: ]m-Wmh≈n ]-©mb-Øv ]Ømw hm¿-Uv B-im-cn-sh-fnbn¬ tKm-]n-\m-Y≥ BNm-cn (76). `mcy: `-KocXn. a°ƒ: cm-Pohv, thWp-°p´≥, D-Æn-IrjvW≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: kn‘p, {]oXn, im-cnI.

am-Wn t]-cm-{º: am-e∏ - m-Sn-°≠n Xm-g h-ÆØ - m≥-I≠n Nm-Øp-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy am-Wn (75). a-I≥: kp-tc-jv. a-cp-aI - ƒ: Kn-cnP Im-hp-¥d - . k-tlm-Zc - ߃: Ip-™n-°Æ - ≥ (sN-dp-hÆ - q¿), Ip-™ncm-a≥.

Ieym-Wn A-½ \-cn-°p-\n: dn-´. hn-t√-Pv A-kn-Â v ho-cy-{ºw at¶m-c-Øp-I-≠n cm-a≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy \-Sp-hn-e°-≠n I-eym-Wn A-Ω (87). a-°ƒ: cp-Kvan-Wn A-Ω. Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b¿ (dn-´. Pq-\n-b¿ kq-{]-≠v, Ir-jnh-Ip-∏v), _m-e≥ \m-b¿, tim-`-\m `m-bv (A-[ym-]n-I). a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥ \m-b¿ (Hma-t»-cn), A-\n-X (I-cp-ae), e-X (am-b-\m-Sv), Atim-I≥ \m-b¿ (I-t°mSn).

B-bn-i th-ß-c: tN-dq-cn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b I-tÆ-Øv A-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy Bbn-i (83). a-°ƒ: Ip™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv, aq-k, A–p-k-emw, A-–p¬- eØo-^v(bp.-F.-C), AUz. -A-–p¬ -K-^q¿, JZo-P, ssa-aq-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: iw-kp-±o≥, \nkm¿, kp-lv-dm-_n, J-ZoP, k-ao-d, J-Zo-P, ^ukn-b.

N-{µ³ sIm-bn-em-≠n: tN-at©-cn Xp-Δ-t°m-Sv h-f∏n¬ ao-ج N-{μ≥ (ip-`m-i-˛67). `m-cy: im¥.

ap-l-½-Zv Xn-cq¿: sX-°≥-Ip-‰q-cnse sIm-f-∏p-d-Øv ]-tcX-\m-b t]m-°-dn-s‚ aI≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (_m-h ˛60). `m-cy: Xn-Øo-ap. a-°ƒ: k-eow, A-\-kv, Pm-_n¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: j¿-_o-\, kPv\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: sk-bvXp (A-_q-Z-_n), sam-bvXo≥ (A-_q-Z-_n), d-kmJv, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-an-\.

Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xo³ t]-cm-{º: I¬-∏Øq¿ Ip-∂-Øv kn sI Ip™n-sam-bv-Xo≥ (75). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b ^mXzn-a. a-°ƒ: B-ky, A-ko-kv (Zp-_-bv), \u-jm-Zv (apkvv-enw- eo-Kv s\m-®m-Sv ]©m-b-Øv sk-{I-´-dn), ku-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv tImb, ssk-\-_, ssj-a , ]tc-X-\m-b C-{_m-low. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-Ω-Xvlm-Pn, C-{_m-low, hocm≥-Ip-´n, ]-tc-X-cm-b A-–p-√, t]m-°¿.

b-tim-Z A-co-t°m-Sv: Fw.Fkv.]n Iymw-]n-\p k-ao]w ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cp-a-c°m-S≥ tIm-cp-hn-s‚ `mcy ]n b-tim-Z (72). a-°ƒ: cm-[n-I, N-{μn-I, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-\-μ-h√n, hn-iz-\m-Y≥, th-WptKm-]m-e≥, h-k-¥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Nyp-X≥, DÆn-Ir-jv-W≥, cm-Lh≥, N-{μ≥, Aw-_n-I, \n¿-a-e.

sXm-Sp-]p-g: Im¿ C-Sn-®p ]-cn-t°-‰ tem-´-dn hn¬-∏\-°m-c≥ a-cn-®p. sX-°pw`m-Kw Ip-™≥]-d-ºn¬ cm-a-N-{μ≥ ]n-≈ (69)bmWv a-cn-®-Xv. 15\v ap-X-e-t°m-Sw amhn≥ Np-h-´n¬ h-®v tem-´dn-°-®-h-Sw \-S-Øn-h-cp∂-Xn-\n-sS-bm-Wv Im-dn-Sn®-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kv-I-cn-®p. `m-cy: hn-P-b-Ω (Acn-°p-g \-kzm¿-aT-Øn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a-°ƒ: cmtP-jv, jo-_, hn-jv-ap {]n-b, ]-tc-X-\m-b km-tP-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-Rv-Pp, {io-P, kp-tc-{μ≥, A-Po-jv.

an-\n-tem-dn ss_-¡n-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

Ip-a-c-Iw: an-\n-tem-dn C-Sn®v \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´ ss_°v ssh-Zyp-Xn t]m-Ãn-enSn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. \m-ec-h-b- p-Im-c≥ a-I≥ ]cn-°p-I-tfm-sS c-£-s∏-´p. Ip-a-c-Iw am-eo-{X ]o-‰-dns‚ a-I≥ kn-dn¬ ]o-‰¿ (tam≥-kn˛30) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ ssI H-Sn-™ kn-dn-fn-s‚ a-I≥ B-Zn-tZ-hn-s\ h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p. ap-l-Ω I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]w kn.-Fw.F-kv. kv-Iqƒ P-Mv-j-\n-¬ D-®-bv-°v 2.30 t\m-Sp Iq-SntN¿-Ø-e h-f-h-\m-Sp-≈ `m-cy ho-´n-te-°v Ip-´n-bpam-bn t]m-hpw h-gn-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. Hm-t´m-sb adn-I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ an-\n-tem-dn ss_-°n-s‚ ]n∂n-en-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. C-Sn-bp-sS i-‡n-bn¬ \nb-{¥-Ww hn-´ ss_-°v t]m-Ãn-en-Sn-®v X-e-bv-°v Kpcp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ kn-dnƒ kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp Xs∂ a-cn-®p. c-iv-an-bm-Wv a-cn-® kn-dn-en-s‚ `m-cy.

B-{Ô-m kztZ-in-bmb i_-cn-ae XoÀ-°m-S-I³ a-cn-¨p Ip-cp-hn-f

B-\-µ³

eo-em-½

tPm-Wn tPm-k-^v

in-h-Zm-kv

`mÀ-K-hn-b-½

tXm-a-kv

Xncph√: \nc-Ww Ip-dn®nb-Øv C-c-a√-Sn¬ ssI-∏-≈n-am-en-¬ sI kn Ip-cp-hn-f (Ip-™p™®≥˛83). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hnse 11 \v \nc-Ww {In-kvtXm-kv am¿-tØm-Ω ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b Ip™p™-Ω. a°ƒ: sdPn, cmP≥, a-cp-a°ƒ: kÆn, enPn.

Xn-cph√: s]-cn-ß-c Xp≠n-∏-d-ºn¬ B-\-μ≥ (66) kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10.30\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `mcy: h¬k-Ω a°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, A\p. a-cp-a°ƒ: _n-Pp ,Aºnfn.

Xn-cph√: Hm-X-d ap√-bv°¬ t_-_n-bp-sS `m-cy eo-em-Ω (56). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n\v Hm-X-d F-_-t\-k¿ am¿tØm-Ω ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. aIƒ: en_nƒ.

a-dn-bw

]-≈n°-c: sI.F-kv.C._n F-Iv-kn-Iyq-´o-hv F©n-\o-b¿ ]-≈n-°-c t]ßm-´p-Ip-t∂¬ tXm-akv(50). `mcy: do-\ (F¬.sF.kn. Un-h-jW¬ Hm-^n-k¿ F-d-WmIp-fw)a-°ƒ: A-Rv-Pen,t_-kn¬.

tX-™n-∏-ew: tN-te{º Np-°p-Ip-f-ß-c Imcm-´v A-_v-Zp-d-lv-am-s‚ aI≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-eym¿ (50) lrZ-bm-LmXwaqew acn-®p. G¿-hm-Snbn-¬ kμ¿i-\-Øn\p t]mbn Xn-cn-®p-h-cp-∂Xn-\n-sS im-co-cn-I Akz-ÿ-X -A-\p-`-h-s∏-´Ct±-lsØ s]-cn-¥¬a-Æbnse- kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in∏n-s®-¶n-epw acn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: k^n-b. a-°ƒ: ap-lv-kn-\, lm-^n-f, lm-kn-\, lmcn-kv (a-e-∏p-dw a-Av-Zn≥ hn-Zym¿-Yn). a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ l-°ow kJm-^n, jm-P-lm≥, Ckv-am-bn¬.

Ip-‰ym-Sn: sN-dn-b-Ip-ºfw ]-tc-X-\m-b h-S-°Øm-g A-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy adn-bw (90). a-°ƒ: _n-ømØp, C-{_m-low (k-ao-d, •m-kv am¿-´v), ]m-Øp, A–p-√ (Ip-ssh-Øv), hn Sn kq-∏n (sk-{I-´-dn Zmdp-∂p-Pqw Hm¿-d-^-t\-Pv, t]-cm-{º), A-{¥p, Ben, k-eow (aq-h-cpw Ipssh-Øv), B-bn-ip, ]-tcX-\m-b sam-bv-Xp. a-cp-a°ƒ: B-bn-ip (sN-dn-bIp-º-fw), ]m-Øp (A-Sp°-Øv), B-bn-ip (I-°´n¬), \-^o-k, \-jo-k (ap-≈≥-Ip-∂v), B-bn-i (Im-b-s°m-Sn), km-d (ap≈≥-Ip-∂v), B-ky (sN-dn-b-Ip-º-fw), ]-tcX-cm-b Xp-≠n-bn¬ Ip™-–p-√, ta-a-Æn¬ Ip™-Ω-Zv.

Bep-h: Xm-bn-°m-´p-Ic sIm-t‰m-Ww I-Wnbmw-I-p-Sn ho-´n¬ tKm-]me≥ a-I≥ in-h-Zmkv(54). F-d-Wm-Ip-fw P\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ \-gv-kn-Mv A-kn-Âm-bncp-∂p. am-Xmhv: ]-¶Pm£n. `mcy: im-en\n. a-°ƒ:ssh-jv-Whn, Aizn≥(\n¿-a-e kv-Iqƒ Beph).

]q-WnØp-d: P-h-l¿ tdm-Un¬ {in]-Zw ho´n¬ tKm]m-e ]n-jmc-Sn `m-cy dn-´. A-[ym]n-I `m¿-K-hn-b-Ω(87).a°ƒ: \-μ-Ip-am¿, awK-f, KoX.a-cp-a-°ƒ:cm-[n-I, ]-cta-izc≥, tam-l\≥.

ap-l-½-Zv ap-k-veymÀ

tIm-X-awKew: sP sP C-e-{Œn-°¬-kv D-S-a tNem-Sv an-\n∏-Sn C-S-Ø-e tPm-Wn tPm-k-^v (53).kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D®-bv-°v 2.30\p tIm-XawK-ew sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv I-Øo-{U-en¬. `m-cy emen(\m-b-tØm-Sv ]q-th-en Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw)a°ƒ: sa-dn≥, tSmw.

]m-¯p-½p l-Öp-½ th-ß-c: h-en-tbm-d Nn-\°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-dtßm-S-Øv aq-k-°p-´nlm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ]mØp-Ωp -l-÷p-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: Ip-™o-Xp, ap-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n- lm-Pn (A-_q-Z_n), sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´nlm-Pn, ssk-X-e-hn (Ccp-h-cpw J-Ø¿), A-_plm-Pn (Pn-±), lw-k-Øv (A-_-l), ]-tc-X-\m-b A-–p-√-°p-´n- lm-Pn, IZn-bm-ap. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-a¿ s]m-Snbm-Sv, ko-\-Øv, B-bn-ipΩp, J-Zo-P, a-dn-bp-Ω, \^o-k, a-Ωo-cy-°p-´n, ssa-aq-\-Øv.

Ip-ª-Ðp-Ã

l-k-³ ap-kv-eymÀ

\-Sp-h´w: Fw ]n lukn¬ ap-lΩ-Zv tIm-b (70). `mcy: I-Zo-i_n. a°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ dkmJv, A-_v-Zp¬ d-lvam≥, dn-bmkv, km-_n-d, km-ln-Z. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-enw, DΩ¿tIm-b. kw-kv-Im-cw cmhn-se 11 a-Wn-°v \-Sph´w Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

A-en-bmÀ Bep-h: Ing-t° I-Sß√q¿ t]-c-bn¬ ap-lΩ-Zm-en a-I≥ A-enbm¿(72). J-_-dS-°w C∂p cm-hn-se 10.30\v tXm´-°m-´p-I-c Pp-am a-kv-PnZv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `mcy:sj-co-^. a-°ƒ: sFjm_n, P-eo¬, ko\Øv, P-aoe.

I¬-∏Ø - q¿: F-Sh - c - m-Sv I-fc - n-bp-≈X - n¬ Ip-™–p-√ (75). `m-cy: B-bni. a-°ƒ: sam-bvX - p, kpss_-Z, kp-aø - , A-kva - . acp-a° - ƒ: C-{_m-low aWn-ae - (ku-Zn), d-jo-Zv Icp-am-dØ - v, d-jo-Zv a-cp-tXcn, \-kvd - . k-tlm-Zc - ߃: A-ΩX - v, Ip-™ ≥, aq-k, B-bn-i, a-dnbw, ]-tc-X\ - m-b Ip-™men.

tc-h-Xn So-¨À

l-k-³ ap-kv-eymÀ

tUm. Fw Sn P-b

am-fp

tN-te-{º: dn-´. A-[ym]-I≥ C-Sn-aq-gn-°¬ t{ib-kn¬ ]n kn \m-cm-bW≥ am-Ã-dp-sS `m-cy tch-Xn So-®¿ (71). Im-en-°‰v bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n sslkv-I-qƒ dn-´. A-[ym-]n-Ibm-Wv.

A-co-t°m-Sv: ]q-t°m-´ptNm-e sh-≈-°m-]-dºn¬ ]p-\m-\n-t°m-S≥ l-k-≥ ap-kv-eym¿ (75). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A-iv-d-^v, A-en, B-bni, a-dn-bp-Ω, \-^o-k, DΩp-k¬-a, B-an-\.

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: sXm-Sp-]pg Cu-Ãv I-eq¿ tUm. Fw Sn P-b (70˛-dn-´.saUn-°¬ Hm-^n-k¿). a°ƒ: tUm. Nn-©n-\ {]ho¨ , tUm. U-bm-\ {io-Pn-Øv . a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]-ho¨, {io-Pn-Øv.

I-S-ep-≠n: s]-cpw-]-‰bn¬ I-≠-\m-cn am-fp (87). `-¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b A-∏p. a-°ƒ: Irjv-W≥, [¿a-Zm-k≥, lco-{μ≥ , tim-`-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: \n¿-a-e, Ko-X, k-P\, ]-Xva-P≥.

apl½-Zv tImb

A-co-t°m-Sv: ]q-t°m-´ptNm-e sh-≈-°m-]-dºn¬ ]p-\m-\n-t°m-S≥ l-k-≥ ap-kv-eym¿ (75). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A-iv-d-^v (kuZn), A-en, B-bn-i, a-dnbp-Ω, \-^o-k, D-Ωpk¬-a, B-an-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: Ip-™m-en, lk≥-Ip-´n, ssk-X-e-hn, ap-\o-d, km-_n-d.

F³.Un.Sn.F. kwØm-\ {]-kn-Uâv `mkv-Ic³ ]n-W-dmbn: X-ø¬-sØmgn-em-fn kwL-S-\m ÿm]-I t\-Xmhpw \m-j\¬ U-tam-{Im-‰n-°v ssSte-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j≥ (F≥.Un.Sn.F) kwÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚pamb Sn Fw `m-kv-I-c≥ (78). kw-ÿm\-sØ A-kwL-Sn-Xcm-b X-ø¬ sXmgn-em-fnI-sf kwL-Sn-∏n®v A-h-Im-i-ß-fpw B\p-Iq-ey-ßfpw t\-SnsbS-p°m≥ \m-ep ]-Xn‰m-≠n-te-sd-bm-bn t\XrXzw \¬-Inh-cn-I-bmbn-cp∂p. km-bn-tk-hm k-an-Xn- {]-h¿-Ø-I\mWv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]-tcX\m-b Ip-™n-°Æ≥, am-[-hn. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p-®-bv°v 2.30\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬.

B-bn-i ]m-te-cn: Iq-\n-tbm-Sv aqim-cn-°≠ - n B-bn-i (80).

i-_-cn-a-e: B-{‘-bn¬ \n-∂v h-∂ Xo¿-Ym-S-I≥ acn-®p. B-{‘ F-®v.]n. tIm-f-\n-bn¬ sI F¬ Fw cm-Pp ap-Øp-cm-Pp (58) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. lr-Z-bm-LmX-am-Wv a-c-W-Im-c-Ww. A-∏m-®n-ta-Sn-\-Sp-Øv C∂se cm-hn-se H-º-tXm-sS tZ-lm-km-ÿyw A-\p-`h-s∏-´-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v A-Sp-Øp-≈ Im¿-Un-bm-Iv sk‚-dn¬ Nn-In-’-tX-Sn-sb-¶n-epw 9.30 Hm-sS a-c-Ws∏-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw \m-´n-te-°v A-b-®p.

bphXn hml-\m-]-I-S-¯n a-cn-¨p

a-Æ-t©-cn: kv-Iq-´¿ bm-{Xn-I-bm-b h-°o¬ Kp-a-kvX an-\n I-s≠-bv-\-dn-Sn-®v a-cn-®p. tN¿-Ø-e \-K-c-k` H-º-Xmw hm¿-Un¬ sIm-t°m-X-aw-K-ew Ip-t∂¬ ho-´n¬ _m-_p-cm-Pn-s‚ `m-cy B-i (32) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. B-e-∏p-g tN¿-Ø-e tZ-io-b]m-X-bn¬ sN-dn-b I-e-hq-cn-\v k-ao-]w C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v c-≠-c-tbm-sSbm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. B-e-∏p-g h-°o¬ Hm-^n-kn-se Kpa-kv-X-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-h¿. ho-´n-te-°v a-S-ßp-tºmƒ ]n-∂m-se h-∂ an-\n I-s≠-bv-\¿ B-i k-©-cn-®ncp-∂ kv-Iq-´-dn-s‚ ]n-∂n-en-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Be-∏p-g h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. a-°ƒ: A¿-Pp≥, A-`n-Pn-Øv.

hm-l-\-m]-I-S-¯n ]-cn-t¡-ä bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

B-ep-h: hm-l-\-]-I-SØn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰p Nn-In¬k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p.Ip-∂-tØ-cn I-√p]-d-ºn¬ Ip-™p-tam≥ aI≥ i-in(45) B-Wp a-cn®-Xv. Cu am-kw 10\p I-º\n-∏-Sn-bn-ep-≠m-b hm-l\-m]I-S-Øn-em-Wp i-in°p ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. I-f-a-t»-cn sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. Rm-b-dm-gv-N ]p-e-¿-s® acn-®p. `m-cy: kn-‘p. a-Iƒ: k-‘y.

Im-dpw ss_-¡pw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

Ip-ªn-_m-h lm-Pn

hm-kp-tZ-h³

\m-cm-b-W hm-cn-bÀ

hnÂ-k³

I-d-¸³

dp-Jo-bm _o-hn

ap-c-fo-[-c³

`mÀ¤-hn A½

Nm-h-°m-Sv: I-S-∏p-dw sXm-´m-∏v _-Z¿-]-≈n-°v sX-°v `m-Kw \m-e-I-Øv Ip-™n-_m-h lm-Pn (85). J-_-d-S-°w \-SØn. `m-cy: I-ø-tamƒ (IZo-P). a-°ƒ: d-jo-Zv, Akq-d, j-co-^, sj-aow. acp-a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ JmZ¿, A-_q-_-°¿, D-Ω¿, apw-Xm-kv.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: s\-∑-Wn-°c sh-fn-b-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ hm-kp-tZ-h≥ (69). `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn-\n. a-°ƒ: t{]a-e-X, P-b-Ip-am¿, jo_, _n-‘p, kn-\n, ssj\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-Po-h≥, kw-Ko-X, hn-P-b≥, _me-N-{μ≥, kp-{_≥, jmPn.

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: Ip-dp-h∂q¿ h-S-s°-∏m-´v hm-cnb-Øv \m-cm-b-W hm-cnb¿(82). `m-cy: a-≠w-]-dºv hm-cn-b-Øv Ip-™n-amfp hm-c-kym¿. a-°ƒ: iin-Ip-am¿, c-hn-Ip-am¿, cmPn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-P-{io, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: sIm-Sn-b≥ hn¬-k≥ (58). kw-kv°m-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v ]p-Xp-°m-Sv sk‚ v B‚-Wo-kv ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: kqkn. a-°ƒ: tkm-hn≥, kp-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-¶n, kn-t‚m.

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: A-hn-bq¿ F-dm-t©-cn t£-{X-Øn\p k-ao-]w I-tÆ-¶-eØv I-d-∏≥ (97). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Ip-™ptamƒ. a-°ƒ: j-◊pJ≥, cm-a-Ir-jv-W≥, kPn-X. a-cp-a-Iƒ: I-a-e.

Nh-d: ]∑\ If-cn kt¥m-jv `-h-\-Øn¬ ap-cfo-[-c≥(60). `mcy: cp-IvanWn. a°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv Ip-am¿, {Xn-k-‘y, k-\pP. a-cp-a°ƒ: {]-Im-i≥, hn-th-Im-\μ≥.

Hm-bq¿: I-cn-ß-∂q¿ sh≈-d-°¬ ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b cm-a-Irjv-W-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy `m¿§-hn A-Ω(93). aIƒ: {]-k-∂-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-aI≥: i-in-[-c≥ ]n≈.

lwk

ap-l-½-Zv Ip-ªn lm-Pn

Sn\p tPm¬

C-cn´n: Io-gq-cn-se Io-gpcn-S-Øn¬ P-b-Ir-jv-W≥ hm-gp-∂-h¿ (79). C-cn-´n ssl-kv-Iqƒ dn-´. {]-[m\m-[ym-]-I-\m-bn-cp∂p. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ip-™nam-[h≥, \m-cm-b-W≥ am-kv‰¿, tcm-ln-Wn Ip´nb-Ω, am[-hn So-®¿. kw-kv-Im-cw cm-hn-se 11\v Ip-Spw-_ iv-a-im-\Øn¬.

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: A-W¶q¿ s_-Zn-c-bn-se ]-tcX-\m-b No-∏v C-{_m-lnan-s‚ `m-cy _o-^m-Øn-a (80). a-°ƒ: No-∏v ap-lΩ-Zv, J-Zo-P, B-bn-i, adn-bw, A-–p-√, ssk-\p±o≥, A-^v-k.a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-kv-dn, a-dnbw, _m-e≥ A-–p-√, DΩ¿, _o-^m-Øn-a, ^mØn-a, ssk-\q-±o≥.-

N-h-d: ^n¿-Zu-kn-¬ ]tc-X\m-b A-en-bm-cp Ip´n-bp-sS `m-cy dp-Jn-bm _o-hn(67). a°ƒ: \q¿-Plm≥, \p-Pn-lm≥, apPo_v, \u-jmZv. a-cpa°ƒ: A-\q-]v(ku-Zn), a-“q-Zv Ip-´n(A-[ym-]I≥), tkm-^n-e, l-∂Øv.

]-ø-∂q¿: G-cy-sØ C√n-°¬ tPm¨˛en-k Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-Iƒ Sn\p tPm¨ (23). `¿Ømhv: I-°m-s´ j-l\m-kn¬ _n A-Iv-kmw.

DaÀ lm-Pn C-cn´n: sN-Sn-°pf-sØ Nq-tcym-´v D-a¿lm-Pn (88). `mcy: I-Æn-s∏mbn¬ J-Zo-P. a°ƒ: A-–p¬ JmZ¿, C-{_m-lnw, \mk¿, ssaaq-\, D-Ωp¬ ssl-a, Pao-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, A∫mkv, kn-±oJv, \-ko-a, dw-eØv, d-lv-a-Øv.

P-b-Ir-jv-W³

tZ-hIn C-cn´n: Io-gq¿ Ip-∂n-se A-c-°¬ tZ-h-In(82). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X\mb tKm-hnμ≥. a°ƒ: cm-[, ku-an\n, tim-`, tZh≥, b-tim-Z, ]p-jv-], ]-tcX\mb tam-l-\≥.

X-e-t»cn: [¿a-Sw H-gbo¬ `mK-sØ ss_Øp¬ lp-Z-bn¬ sIm-´mc-Øn¬ lw-k (60). H-gbn¬ `m-Kw ap-\-hn-dp¬ C-kv-emw Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv I-Ωn-‰n ssh-kv {]-knU‚mWv. `m-cy: kp-ss_Z. a°ƒ: ^u-kn-b, ipssl_v, j-l-\mkv, j^v-\mkv, A¿-jo-\. a-cpa°ƒ: d-lv-am≥, d-joZv, A-^v-Xm-_v.

tam-l-\³ X-e-t»cn: sImft»cn Imhpw`mKw klrZb Øn¬ _n tam-l-\≥ (60). `mcy: sI ]n cXn, a°ƒ: cay, c-ln¬, cln\. acp-a-I≥: \\o-jv.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: _mw-•q-cnse Cw-]o-cn-b¬ tlm´¬ ]m¿-Sv-W¿ a-Wn-bs\m-Sn-bn-se F≥ _n apl-Ω-Zv Ip-™n lm-Pn (65). a-Wn-b-t\m-Sn im-J eo-Kv {]-kn-U‚ v, in-lm_v X-߃ kv-am-c-I dneo-^v I-Ωn-‰n sN-b¿am≥, D-Zn-\q¿ P-am-A-Øv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v Xp-Sßn-b \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: _o^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: I_o¿ (_mw-•q¿), k-ao-d, kp-l-d, \-ko-d, i-^o-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: j-dm-\, lmjnw (Zp-_-bv), I-cow (_mw-•q¿), Xm-ln¿ (sNss∂), A-j-d-^v (a-teky).

s]m³-ap-Sn-bn hn-t\m-Z-k-©mcn an¶-teäp a-cn-¨p; c-−p-t]À-¡v ]-cn¡v s]m-≥ap-Sn: s]m≥-ap-Sn-bnse Ønb \m-ew-K-kw-L-Øn-¬ Hcmƒ an-∂te-‰v a-cn-®p. H-∏-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂ kp-lr-Øp-°fm-b c-≠p-t]¿-°v s]m-≈-te-‰p. Hcmƒ ]-cn-t°¬-°m-sX c-£s∏´p. I√º-ew tN∂≥-tIm-Sv aXp-c-t°m-Sv i-¶-c≥-ap-°n¬ ]tc-X\m-b k-Xy-]m-e-s‚bpw cm-[m-a-Wn-bp-sSbpw a-I≥ APn≥ (21) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. kp-lrØp-°-fpw s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv ]-\hq¿ sh-≈mwNn-d kz-tZ-in-Ifpam-b l-cn-Ir-jvW≥, A-PnØv F-∂n-h-sc-bm-Wv ]-cn-°p-Itfm-sS sa-Un-°¬ tImf-Pv Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®n-cn-

°p-∂Xv. C∂- s e D-®-bv-°v Hcp-aWn-tbmsS s]m-≥-apSn-bv-°p kao-]-am-bn-cp∂p A-]-ISw. _-‘pKr-l-Ønse-Øn-b-ti-jw APn≥ kp-lr-Øp-°-fp-am-bn Imdn-emWv s]m-≥ap-Sn-bnse-Ønb-Xv. s]m≥ap-Sn A-∏¿ km-\n-t‰mdn-b-Øn\Sp-Øp-≈ Ip-∂n≥-{]tZ-i-Øv hn-{i-an-°p-tºm-gm-Wv i-‡amb an-∂-ep-≠m-b-Xv. CXn¬ A-Pn\v Kp-cp-X-c-ambn

s]m-≈-te¬-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. H-∏-ap-≈h¿ \n-e-hn-fn-®-Xn-s\Øp-S¿-∂v h-gn-bm-{X-°m-cm-Wv s]m≥-ap-Sn t]m-en-kn¬ hn-h-ca-dn-bn-®Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v t]m-en-sk-Øn Ch-sc hnXp-c k¿-°m¿ B-ip]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶nepw A-Pns\ c-£n-°m-\m-bn√. A-Pn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰v-tam¿-´-Øn\p-ti-jw C∂-se D-®-tbm-sS kw-kv-I-cn®p. k-Pn≥, ku-ay F-∂nh¿ ktlm-Z-c-ß-fm-Wv. sF.Sn.sF. I-gn-™v U¬-ln-bn¬ tPment\m-°n-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p APn≥. s]m≥-ap-Sn t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

_o-^m-¯n-a

apl½-Zv J-\n Nn-‰q¿: sX-ep-¶p kv-{So-‰v ap-lΩ-Zv I-\n (80). J-_dS-°w C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 12 \v Nn-‰q¿ am-©n-d J-_-dnÿm-\n¬.`mcy: ^m-Øna-_o_n. a-°ƒ: k-°o¿ A-en, P¬-Im-a, A-kvam_n, Xm-Pq-∂o-k.

ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v hr²³ a-cn-¨p a-Æm¿-°m-Sv: Im¬-\-S-bm-{X°m-c≥ ss_-°n-Sn-®v a-cn-®p. I√-Sn-t°m-Sv kz-tZ-in tKm-]me≥ \m-b¿(62) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS ]me-°m-Sv-˛-tIm-gn-t°m-Sv tZ-io-b]m-X-bn¬ I-√-Sn-t°m-Sv I\m¬-Pw-Kv-j-\p k-ao-]-am-Wv A-]-I-Sw. A-an-X-th-K-X-bn-seØn-b tam-t´m¿ ssk-°nƒ tdm-U-cn-In-eq-sS \-S-∂p-t]mhp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ tKm-]m-e≥-\mb-sc C-Sn-®p-ho-gv-Øp-I-bm-bncp-∂p. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ Cbm-sf s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ kz-Im-cyB-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-h-in-∏n-s®¶n-epw D-®-tbm-sS a-c-Ww k-w-`hn-®p. a-Æm¿-°m-Sv t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn.

sam-bv-Xp ta-∏-bq¿: P-\-Io-bap°n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b Fw kn A-–p-√-t°m-b-bpsS a-I≥ Fw kn sam-bvXp (53). am-Xm-hv: Ip™m-bn-i. `m-cy: k-^nb. a-I≥: \m-jn-Iv. ktlm-Z-c-߃: P-ao-e, Bcn-^v, b-ap-\, kp-ss_¿, sse-e.

B-an-\-¡p-«n ]-®m-´n-cn: Iq-t™m-fn B-an-\-°p-´n (52). `¿Øm-hv: \m-fq-]-d-ºn¬ A-_v-Zp-¿d-lvam≥. a°ƒ: \u-jm-Zv (Z-Ωmw), ap-l-Ω-Zv B-cn-^v, \ujo-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-^o-Jv ]-cnbm-]p-cw, B-jn-^, kpss_-Z. k-tlm-Z-c≥: A_p.

A-kv-\-

a-ºm-Sv: tXm-´n‚-°-c sam-b-X v o³-Ip-«n sIm-S-°m-S≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv ^-tdm-°v: t]-´ Xp-º∏ - m- A-jv-d-^n-s‚ a-Iƒ ASw ]p-Xn-b Nn-d° - ¬ Xkv-\ (13). ≠m-cs - Øm-Sn sam-bvX - o≥- am-Xm-hv: kp-sse-J. Ip-´n (73). `m-cy: \-^o-k. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ωa-°ƒ: Iu-k¬, A-avd - v, Zv A-kv-ew, ap-l-Ω-Zv lm^-lZ- v, ^-co-Z. a-cp-a° - ƒ: jnw. a-ºm-Sv ]p-Ø≥-]≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ Jkn-dm-Pp-±o≥, du-\° - v, _-d-°n. ^m-cn-l, jm-\n-_.

Ip-ª-e-hn sIm-t≠m-´n: s\-Sn-bn-cp∏v Nn-d-bn¬ sam-°≥ Ip™-e-hn (65). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: Ip™n-a-c-°m¿, e-Øo-^v, ^u-kn-b, k¬-am-_n, dwem-_n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-co^v, k-eow (Pn-km≥), A–p-¿d-lvam≥ (H-am≥), l-kv-\, _p-jv-d.

A-_q-_-¡À s]m-∂m-\n: B-\-∏-Sn sIm-´n-ep-߬ A-_q-_°¿ (63). `m-cy: ssa-aq-\. a-°ƒ: \n-km¿, \n-j, \nbm-kv. a-cp-a-I≥: ap-kv-X^. ]p-Xp-s]m-∂m-\n h-St° Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬ J-_-d-S-°n.

h-S-°m-t©-cn: ss_°pw Im-dpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. H-cmƒ-°v ]-cp-t°-‰p. aw-K-ew A-Ωm´n-°p-f-Øn-\v k-ao-]w ]\-bv-°¬ kp-tc-{μ-s‚ aI≥ kq-c-Pv(24) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. kp-lr-Øv aw-K-ew s\-√n-ti-cn-bn¬ jm-_p (40)hn-\m-Wv ]-cn-°v. Ip-dm-t©-cn-˛-tI-t®-cn dq-´n¬ Iq-cn-iv ]-≈n-°p k-ao-]w i-\n-bm-gv-® cm-{Xn ]-Xn-s\m-∂v a-Wn-tbm-sSbm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. ap-≠-Øn-t°m-Sv {In-kv-Xp-cmP ]-≈n-bn¬ Xn-cp-\mƒ B-tLm-j-Øn¬ ]-s¶-SpØv ho-´n-te-°v h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. a-lm-cm-{„ c-Pnkv-t{S-j-\p-≈ am-cp-Xn Hm-av-\n hm-\m-Wv C-Sn-®-Xv. CSn-bp-sS B-Lm-X-Ø-n¬ ss_-°v tdm-U-cp-In¬ \ndp-Øn-bn-´n-cp-∂ kz-Im-cy kv-Iqƒ _-kn-s‚ A-Sn-bnte-°v sX-dn-®v ho-Wp. i-–w tI-´v Hm-Sn Iq-Sn-b-h¿ ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Øv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. am-Xm-hv: N-{μn-I. k-tlm-Z-cn Znhy.

ho-«-½ tjm-t¡-äv a-cn-¨p

Ip-∂w-Ip-fw: F¿-Øv I-ºn-bn¬ \n-∂pw tjm-t°-‰v ho-´-Ω a-cn-®p. sNm-Δ-∂q¿ hn-f-°pw-X-d I-cp-a-Øn¬ c-ho-{μ-s‚ `m-cy h¬-k-e Ip-am-cn(51)bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v A-t©m-sS ho-Sp hr-Øn-bm°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS F¿-Øv I-ºn-bn¬ \n-∂v tjm-t°¬°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S≥ X-s∂ a-e-¶-c B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®p. Ip-∂w-Ipfw t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p. a-°ƒ: Pb-{io, in-h-Ip-am¿.

Xn-cn-¨-dn-b tc-J-I-fnÃmsX aÂ-ky-ta-J-e-bn tPm-ensN-bv-X 11 _w-¥m-tZ-iv kz-tZ-in-IÄ ]n-Sn-bn ssh-∏n≥: Xn-cn-®-dn-b¬ tc-JI-fn-√m-sX ap-cn-°pw-]m-S-sØ a¬-ky-ta-J-e-bn¬ tPm-en sNbv-Xn-cp-∂ 11 _w-•m-tZ-iv kz-tZin-I-sf t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰p sNbv-Xp. d-^o-sk¬ ap-≈-(30),d-kmbpƒ-an-k-(35), A-ao≥-Ip(22),-apPm-tam-Uqƒ (24), sam-ln-_p-≈ Im-knw-(28), K-^q¿-(30),-A-\aqƒ-(18), l-an-\q¿-(31),_m-_pƒ ap-≈-(31), d-_n-bqƒ-ap-≈-(18),-apl-Ω-Zv l-_o-_p-≈ (22),-F-∂nh-sc-bm-Wv dp-d¬ F-kv.]n kXo-jv _n-t\m-bp-sS Io-gn-ep-≈ {]-tXy-I A-t\z-j-W kw-Lw A-d-kv-‰p sN-bv-X-Xv. c-l-kyhn-h-c-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v

ap-cp-°pw-]m-S-sØ aq-∂v a-¬kyI-b-‰p-a-Xn tI-{μ-߃ sd-bv-Uv sN-bv-Xm-Wv 11 t]-sc-bpw ]n-SnIq-Sn-b-Xv. C-h¿ ]-›n-a-_wKmƒ h-gn tI-c-f-Øn-se-Øn-bXm-sW-∂v t]m-enkv A-dn-bn®p. I-gn-™aq-∂p h¿-j-am-bn B-ep-h-bn¬ Xm-a-kn-®v tPm-ensN-bv-Xn-cp-∂ - C-h¿ ap-cp-°pw]m-S-Øv h-∂n-´v 11 Zn-h-k-ta Bbn-´p-≈p. ap-cp-°pw-]m-S-sØ F._n. kn., A-en-^v, k-ap-{Z F-∂o Iº-\n-I-fn-em-Wv C-h¿ tPm-en sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. C-tXØp-S¿∂v F._n.kn I-º-\n D-S-a-sb t]m-enkv I-Ã-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øv

]nSn-bn-em-b-h¿ Rm-d°¬- k¿-°nƒ- Hm-^nkn¬tNm-Zyw sN-bv-Xp. tIm-S-Xn- \n¿-t±-im-\p-k-c]n-Sn-bn-em-b-h-sc t^m-dn-t\- Ww _m-°n \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-Igv-kv B-Iv-Sv A-\p-k-cn-®v tI- cn-°p-sa-∂v Unssh-.F-kv.]n sk-Sp-Øv sIm-®n ^-Ãv ¢m-kv a- hn sI k-\n¬-Ip-am¿,Rm-dPn-kv-t{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P- °¬ kn.-sF. Sn Fw h¿-Ko-kv cm-°pw. F-∂n-h¿ A-dn-bn-®p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

25 \-hw-_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

s{S-bn-\n-Sn-¨v a-[y-h-b-kv-I a-cn-¨p

ap-l-½-Zv C-Iv-_mÂ

km-hn-{Xn

A-jv-d-^v

]-ßm-£n-b-½

^-¯-lp-±o³

dp-Jo-bm _o-hn

ap-c-fo-[-c³

`mÀ¤-hn A½

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: h-´nbq¿-°m-hv a-Æ-d-t°mWw B-jn-bm-\-bn¬ _n ap-l-Ω-Zv C-Iv-_m¬ (dn-´. sh-ln-°nƒ kq-∏¿ssh-k¿, sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn-˛ 70). `mcy: Xm-ln-dm-_o-Kw. a°ƒ: ssk-Zv-ap-\o¿ (tkm-^v-‰v-sh-b¿ F≥Pn-\o-b¿, C≥-t^m-knkv), k-^n-bm-_o-Kw (GW-Ãv B‚ v b-Mv, Zp-_bv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-ao-km _m-\p (F.B¿.B¿ ]ªn-Iv kv-Iqƒ, s\-´-bw), A-^v-k¬ lp-k-bv≥ (bp.F.C F-Iv-kv-tN©v, Zp-_-bv). J-_-d-S°w C-∂v D-®-bv-°v H-cp-aWn-°v ]m-f-bw Pp-am-a-kvPn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: Im-h-d ht{μm-Z-b-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b I-cp-Wm-I-c-∏-Wn°-cp-sS `m-cy _n km-hn{X (82). a-°ƒ: eo-e, N{μ≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b hn-Pb-tam-l≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿.

]q-¥p-d: B-km-Zv \-Kdn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv A-–p¬Jm-Z-dn-s‚ a-I≥ A-jv-d^v (48). `m-cy: jm-Pn-dØv. a-°ƒ: \n-k, \n-lmkv, \-kn-b. J-_-d-S-°w \m-sf ]q-¥p-d ]p-Ø≥-]≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

Hm-bq¿: I-cn-ß-∂q¿ sh≈-d-°¬ ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b cm-a-Irjv-W-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy `m¿§-hn A-Ω(93). aIƒ: {]-k-∂-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-aI≥: i-in-[-c≥ ]n≈.

l-k-³ ap-kv-eymÀ

N-h-d: ^n¿-Zu-kn-¬ ]tc-X\m-b A-en-bm-cp Ip´n-bp-sS `m-cy dp-Jn-bm _o-hn(67). a°ƒ: \q¿-Plm≥, \p-Pn-lm≥, apPo_v, \u-jmZv. a-cpa°ƒ: A-\q-]v(ku-Zn), a-“q-Zv Ip-´n(A-[ym-]I≥), tkm-^n-e, l-∂Øv.

Ip-μa - w-Ke - w: ss]-tßm´p-]p-dw Ip-´m-SØ - v ]-tc-X\m-b Zm-tam-Zc - ≥ \m-bc - psS `m-cy I-eym-Wn A-Ω (85). a-°ƒ: k-cf - , kp[m-Ic - ≥, cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥, Ir-jvW - ≥-Ip-´n, inh-Zm-k≥ (kn.]n.Fw. ss]-tßm-´p-]p-dw sh-Ãv {_m-©w-Kw). a-cp-a° - ƒ: {io-[c - ≥ \m-b¿, ]p-jv] - , do-\, hn-Pn.

A-co-t°m-Sv: ]q-t°m-´ptNm-e sh-≈-°m-]-dºn¬ ]p-\m-\n-t°m-S≥ l-k-≥ ap-kv-eym¿ (75). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A-iv-d-^v (kuZn), A-en, B-bn-i, a-dnbp-Ω, \-^o-k, D-Ωpk¬-a, B-an-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-™m-en, l-k≥-Ip-´n, ssk-X-ehn, ap-\o-d, km-_n-d.

]q-¥p-d: F-kv.Fw tem°v ss{]-a-dn sl¬-Øv sk‚-dn-\v k-ao-]w A_q-_-°-dp-sS a-I≥ ^Ø-lp-±o≥ (42). `m-cy: kp-\q-P. a-°ƒ: lm^n¬, lm-P-d. J-_-d-S°w \m-sf ]q-¥p-d ]pØ≥-]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm\n¬ \-S-°pw.

Nh-d: ]∑\ If-cn kt¥m-jv `-h-\-Øn¬ ap-cfo-[-c≥(60). `mcy: cp-Iv-anWn. a°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv Ipam¿, {Xn-k-‘y, k-\p-P. a-cp-a°ƒ: {]-Im-i≥, hnth-Im-\μ≥.

I-eym-Wn A-½

I-g-°q-´w: I-cn-bw Imhn¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy ]-flm-£n-b-Ω (65). a-°ƒ: kp-[, kp-a, kp-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tcjv-Ip-am¿ (Iu¨-kn-e¿, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw \-K-ck-`), A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ (sI.F-kv.C._n, {io-Imcyw), kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿ (_n-kn-\-kv).

B-an-\-¡p-«n -

ta-∏-bq¿: P-\-Io-bap°n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b Fw kn A-–p-√-t°m-b-bpsS a-I≥ Fw kn sam-bvXp (53). am-Xm-hv: Ip™m-bn-i. `m-cy: k-^nb. a-I≥: \m-jn-Iv. ktlm-Z-c-߃: P-ao-e, Bcn-^v, b-ap-\, kp-ss_¿, sse-e.

]-®m-´n-cn: Iq-t™m-fn B-an-\-°p-´n (52). `¿Øm-hv: \m-fq-]-d-ºn¬ A-_v-Zp-¿d-lvam≥. a°ƒ: \u-jm-Zv (Z-Ωmw), ap-l-Ω-Zv B-cn-^v, \ujo-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-^o-Jv ]-cnbm-]p-cw, B-jn-^, kpss_-Z. k-tlm-Z-c≥: A_p.

Ip-ª-e-hn

P-b-Ir-jv-W³

sam-bv-Xp

tKm-]n-\m-Y³ B-Nm-cn

kp-ss_-Z-

am-fp

sam-b-X v o³-Ip-«n

A-kv-\-

]m-Wm-h≈n: ]m-Wmh≈n ]-©mb-Øv ]Ømw hm¿-Uv B-im-cn-sh-fnbn¬ tKm-]n-\m-Y≥ BNm-cn (76). `mcy: `-Ko-cXn. a°ƒ: cm-Pohv, th-Wp-°p´≥, D-Æn-Ir-jvW≥. a-cpa°ƒ: kn‘p, {]oXn, im-cnI.

tX-™n-∏-ew: B-ep߬ kz-tZ-in ap-fn-tbmfn _o-cm≥-tIm-b-bp-sS `m-cy kp-ss_-Z (42). a-°ƒ: \n-bm-kv (JØ¿), dn-bm-kv, _p-jv-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-low , lmkn-e. tX-™n-∏-ew In-gs° Pp-ap-A-Øv- ]-≈nbn¬ J-_-d-S-°n.

I-S-ep-≠n: s]-cpw-]-‰bn¬ I-≠-\m-cn am-fp (87). `-¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b A-∏p. a-°ƒ: Ir-jv-W≥, [¿aZm-k≥, l-co-{μ≥ , tim`-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n¿-a-e, Ko-X, k-P-\, ]-Xva-P≥.

\-Sp-h´w: Fw ]n lukn¬ ap-lΩ-Zv tIm-b (70). `mcy: I-Zo-i_n. a°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ dkmJv, A-_v-Zp¬ d-lvam≥, dn-bmkv, km-_n-d, km-ln-Z. a-cp-a°ƒ: kenw, DΩ¿-tIm-b. kw-kvIm-cw 11 a-Wn-°v \-Sph´w Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

C-cn´n: Io-gq-cn-se Io-gpcn-S-Øn¬ P-b-Ir-jv-W≥ hm-gp-∂-h¿ (79). C-cn-´n ssl-kv-Iqƒ dn-´. {]-[m-\m-[ym-]-I-\m-bncp∂p. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ip-™n-am-[h≥, \m-cmb-W≥ am-kv‰¿, tcm-lnWn Ip-´nb-Ω, am[-hn So®¿. kw-kv-Im-cw cm-hnse 11\v Ip-Spw-_ iv-a-im\-Øn¬.

tc-h-Xn So-¨À

tZ-hIn

apl½-Zv tImb

tN-te-{º: dn-´. A-[ym]-I≥ C-Sn-aq-gn-°¬ t{ib-kn¬ ]n kn \m-cm-bW≥ am-Ã-dp-sS `m-cy tch-Xn So-®¿ (71). Im-en-°‰v bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n sslkv-I-qƒ dn-´. A-[ym-]n-Ibm-Wv.

C-cn´n: Io-gq¿ Ip-∂n-se A-c-°¬ tZ-h-In(82). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X\mb tKm-hnμ≥. a°ƒ: cm-[, ku-an\n, tim-`, tZh≥, b-tim-Z, ]p-jv-], ]-tc-X\mb taml-\≥.

^-tdm-°v: t]-´ Xp-º∏ - mSw ]p-Xn-b Nn-d° - ¬ X≠m-cs - Øm-Sn sam-bvX - o≥Ip-´n (73). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: Iu-k¬, A-avd - v, ^-lZ- v, ^-co-Z. a-cp-a° - ƒ: kn-dm-Pp-±o≥, du-\° - v, ^m-cn-l, jm-\n_.

a-ºm-Sv: tXm-´n‚-°-c sIm-S-°m-S≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv A-jv-d-^n-s‚ a-Iƒ Akv-\ (13). am-Xm-hv: kp-sse-J. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-ΩZv A-kv-ew, ap-l-Ω-Zv lmjnw. a-ºm-Sv ]p-Ø≥-]≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ J_-d-°n.

sIm-t≠m-´n: s\-Sn-bn-cp∏v Nn-d-bn¬ sam-°≥ Ip™-e-hn (65). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: Ip™n-a-c-°m¿, e-Øo-^v, ^u-kn-b, k¬-am-_n, dwem-_n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-co-^v, keow (Pn-km≥), A-–p-¿dlvam≥ (H-am≥), l-kv-\, _p-jv-d.

A-_q-_-¡À s]m-∂m-\n: B-\-∏-Sn sIm-´n-ep-߬ A-_q-_°¿ (63). `m-cy: ssa-aq-\. a-°ƒ: \n-km¿, \n-j, \nbm-kv. a-cp-a-I≥: ap-kv-X^. ]p-Xp-s]m-∂m-\n h-St° Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬ J-_-d-S-°n.

sIm-´n-bw: s{S-bn-\n-Sn-®v a[y-h-b-kv-I a-cn-®p. a-ø\m-Sv ap-°p-fw sXm-Sn-bn¬ ho-´n¬ {io-I-WvT≥ ]n-≈bp-sS `m-cy ]-fl-\n-bΩ(55) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se c-m-hn-se Bdn-\v sd-bn¬-th ]m-fw apdn-®p I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-c-Øpw \n-∂v sIm-√w `m-K-tØ-°p h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ thWm-Sv F-Iv-kv-{]-km-Wv C-Sn-®-Xv. A-]-I-Sÿ-e-Øv ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øm-Ø-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v sIm-√w kv-t‰-j-\n¬ hn-h-c-a-dn-bn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿∂v F≥-Pn-\n¬ Ip-Sp-ßn-b ]-fl-\n-b-Ω-bp-sS ar-XtZ-lw sIm-√-w kv-t‰-j-\n¬ h-®m-Wv I-s≠-Øn-bXv. a-°ƒ: jo-P, jn-_p. a-cp-a-I≥: kp-\n¬ I-p-am¿.

Hm-t«mdn-£m t]m-kv-än-en-Sn-¨v ss{U--hÀ a-cn-¨p

Hm-bq¿: \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´ Hm-t´mdn£m sS-en-t^m¨ t]m-kv-‰n-en-Sn-®v ss{Uh¿ a-cn-®p. sh-fn-bw Hmt´m kv-‰m≥-Un-se ss{Uh-dpw sh-fn-bw s]m-tßmSv ]m-d-hn-f ho-´n¬ ]n Fw tPm¿-Pv(57) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11\v ]q-b-∏-≈n ]-Sn-™m-dv kman¬ P-Mv-j-\n-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. ao-ø-Æq-cn¬ Hm-´w t]m-bn a-S-ßn h-cpw hgn-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´ Hm-t´m sSen-t^m¨ t]m-kv-‰n-en-Sn-°p-I-bpw t]m-kv-‰v Hm-t´mbp-sS ap-I-fn-te-°v a-dn-bp-I-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p. Hm-t´m ]q¿-W-am-bpw X-I¿-∂p. Hm-t´m-bv-°n-S-bn¬ Ip-Spßn-t∏m-b C-t±-l-sØ Hm-t´m s]m-fn-®m-Wv ]p-dsØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. ao-ø-Æq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bnse-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h-≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. ]q-b-∏≈n t]m-en-kv ta¬ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 2.30\v ]q-b-∏-≈n sk‚ v tXm-akv am¿-tØm-Ωm N¿-®n¬. `m-cy: tam-fn. a-°ƒ: {Inkv-‰n(\-gv-kn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n U-¬-ln), In-c¨(F≥Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn).

A-Pv-Rm-X³ a-cn-¨-\n-e-bn \m-cm-b-W hm-cn-bÀ

hnÂ-k³

I-d-¸³

Ip-cp-hn-f

B-\-µ³

eo-em-½

a-½n

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: Ip-dp-h∂q¿ h-S-s°-∏m-´v hm-cnb-Øv \m-cm-b-W hm-cnb¿(82). `m-cy: a-≠w-]-dºv hm-cn-b-Øv Ip-™n-amfp hm-c-kym¿. a-°ƒ: iin-Ip-am¿, c-hn-Ip-am¿, cmPn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-P-{io, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: sIm-Sn-b≥ hn¬-k≥ (58). kw-kv°m-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v ]p-Xp-°m-Sv sk‚ v B‚-Wo-kv ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: kqkn. a-°ƒ: tkm-hn≥, kp-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-¶n, kn-t‚m.

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: A-hn-bq¿ F-dm-t©-cn t£-{X-Øn\p k-ao-]w I-tÆ-¶-eØv I-d-∏≥ (97). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Ip-™ptamƒ. a-°ƒ: j-◊pJ≥, cm-a-Ir-jv-W≥, kPn-X. a-cp-a-Iƒ: I-a-e.

Xn-cph√: s]-cn-ß-c Xp≠n-∏-d-ºn¬ B-\-μ≥ (66) kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10.30\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `mcy: h¬k-Ω a°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, A\p. a-cp-a°ƒ: _n-Pp ,Aºnfn.

Xn-cph√: Hm-X-d ap√-bv°¬ t_-_n-bp-sS `m-cy eo-em-Ω (56). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n\v Hm-X-d F-_-t\-k¿ am¿tØm-Ω ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. aIƒ: en_nƒ.

ap-l-½-Zv ap-k-veymÀ

a-dn-bw

ap-l-½-Zv Ip-ªn lm-Pn

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: A-W¶q¿ s_-Zn-c-bn-se ]-tcX-\m-b No-∏v C-{_m-lnan-s‚ `m-cy _o-^m-Øn-a (80). a-°ƒ: No-∏v ap-lΩ-Zv, J-Zo-P, B-bn-i, adn-bw, A-–p-√, ssk-\p±o≥, A-^v-k.a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-kv-dn, a-dnbw, _m-e≥ A-–p-√, DΩ¿, _o-^m-Øn-a, ^mØn-a, ssk-\q-±o≥.-

tX-™n-∏-ew: tN-te{º Np-°p-Ip-f-ß-c Imcm-´v A-_v-Zp-d-lv-am-s‚ aI≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-eym¿ (50) lrZ-bm-LmXwaqew acn-®p. G¿-hm-Snbn-¬ kμ¿i-\-Øn\p t]mbn Xn-cn-®p-h-cp-∂Xn-\n-sS im-co-cn-I Akz-ÿ-X -A-\p-`-h-s∏-´Ct±-lsØ s]-cn-¥¬a-Æbnse- kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in∏n-s®-¶n-epw acn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: k^n-b. a-°ƒ: ap-lv-kn-\, lm-^n-f, lm-kn-\, lmcn-kv (a-e-∏p-dw a-Av-Zn≥ hn-Zym¿-Yn). a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ l-°ow kJm-^n, jm-P-lm≥, Ckv-am-bn¬.

Ip-‰ym-Sn: sN-dn-b-Ip-ºfw ]-tc-X-\m-b h-S-°Øm-g A-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy adn-bw (90). a-°ƒ: _n-ømØp, C-{_m-low (k-ao-d, •m-kv am¿-´v), ]m-Øp, A–p-√ (Ip-ssh-Øv), hn Sn kq-∏n (sk-{I-´-dn Zmdp-∂p-Pqw Hm¿-d-^-t\-Pv, t]-cm-{º), A-{¥p, Ben, k-eow (aq-h-cpw Ipssh-Øv), B-bn-ip, ]-tcX-\m-b sam-bv-Xp. a-cp-a°ƒ: B-bn-ip (sN-dn-bIp-º-fw), ]m-Øp (A-Sp°-Øv), B-bn-ip (I-°´n¬), \-^o-k, \-jo-k (ap-≈≥-Ip-∂v), B-bn-i (Im-b-s°m-Sn), km-d (ap≈≥-Ip-∂v), B-ky (sN-dn-b-Ip-º-fw), ]-tcX-cm-b Xp-≠n-bn¬ Ip™-–p-√, ta-a-Æn¬ Ip™-Ω-Zv.

Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´: ]-Øm-g-∏Sn h-√y-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]-co-Xv-Ip-™n-s‚ a-I≥ lm-Pn hn ]n aΩn(B-∏m-©n-d D-∏m∏˛99). J-_-d-S-°w \-SØn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃:]mØp-Ω, ]-tc-X-cm-b B-an\, ]m-Øp-Ω, sj-co-^, Im-bn.

lwk

Xncph√: \nc-Ww Ip-dn®nb-Øv C-c-a√-Sn¬ ssI-∏-≈n-am-en-¬ sI kn Ip-cp-hn-f (Ip-™p™®≥˛83). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hnse 11 \v \nc-Ww {In-kvtXm-kv am¿-tØm-Ω ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b Ip™p™-Ω. a°ƒ: sdPn, cmP≥, a-cp-a°ƒ: kÆn, enPn.

X-e-t»cn: [¿a-Sw H-gbo¬ `mK-sØ ss_Øp¬ lp-Z-bn¬ sIm-´mc-Øn¬ lw-k (60). H-gbn¬ `m-Kw ap-\-hn-dp¬ C-kv-emw Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv I-Ωn-‰n ssh-kv {]-knU‚mWv. `m-cy: kp-ss_-Z. a°ƒ: ^u-kn-b, ip-ssl_v, j-l-\mkv, j-^v-\mkv, A¿-jo-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: d-lv-am≥, djoZv, A-^v-Xm-_v.

tam-l-\³ X-e-t»cn: sImft»cn Imhpw`mKw klrZb Øn¬ _n tam-l-\≥ (60). `mcy: sI ]n cXn, a°ƒ: cay, c-ln¬, cln\. acp-a-I≥: \\o-jv.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: _mw-•q-cnse Cw-]o-cn-b¬ tlm´¬ ]m¿-Sv-W¿ a-Wn-bs\m-Sn-bn-se F≥ _n apl-Ω-Zv Ip-™n lm-Pn (65). a-Wn-b-t\m-Sn im-J eo-Kv {]-kn-U‚ v, in-lm_v X-߃ kv-am-c-I dneo-^v I-Ωn-‰n sN-b¿am≥, D-Zn-\q¿ P-am-A-Øv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v Xp-Sßn-b \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: _o-^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: I-_o¿ (_mw•q¿), k-ao-d, kp-l-d, \ko-d, i-^o-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: j-dm-\, lm-jnw (Zp-_-bv), I-cow (_mw•q¿), Xm-ln¿ (sNss∂), A-j-d-^v (a-teky).

_o-^m-¯n-a

]m-¯p-½p l-Öp-½

th-ß-c: h-en-tbm-d Nn-\°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-dtßm-S-Øv aq-k-°p-´nlm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ]mØp-Ωp -l-÷p-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: Ip-™o-Xp, ap-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n- lm-Pn (A-_q-Z_n), sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´nlm-Pn, ssk-X-e-hn (Capl½-Zv J-\n cp-h-cpw J-Ø¿), A-_pNn-‰q¿: sX-ep-¶p kv-{So-‰v lm-Pn (Pn-±), lw-k-Øv ap-lΩ-Zv I-\n (80). J-_- (A-_-l), ]-tc-X-\m-b dS-°w C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 12 A-–p-√-°p-´n- lm-Pn, I\v Nn-‰q¿ am-©n-d J-_-dn- Zn-bm-ap. ÿm-\n¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-a¿ s]m-Sn`mcy: ^m-Øn-a-_o_n. a- bm-Sv, ko-\-Øv, B-bn-ip°ƒ: k-°o¿ A-en, Ωp, J-Zo-P, a-dn-bp-Ω, \^o-k, a-Ωo-cy-°p-´n, P¬-Im-a, A-kv-am_n, ssa-aq-\-Øv. Xm-Pq-∂o-k.

Pm-\-InXp-d-hq¿-:- h-f-aw-K-ew- Nmem th-en-¬- ]-tc-X-\mb- X-¶-∏-s‚ `m-cy- -Pm-\In- (78) \n-cym-X-bm-bn. aIƒ:- ]-tc-X-bm-b- B-\μ-h-√n. a-cp-a-I≥:F≥.sI.X-¶-®≥.

tam-l³-Zm-kv ]m-Wm-h≈n: ]m-Wmh≈n ]-©mb-Øv B-dmw hm¿-Uv Ing-s° X´mw ho-´n¬ tam-l≥-Zm-kv (60). `m-cy: tZ-hIn. a-°ƒ: cXn, tc-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cPn-tam≥, {]-tam-Zv.

Ip-ª-Ðp-à I¬-∏Ø - q¿: F-Sh - c - m-Sv I-fc - n-bp-≈X - n¬ Ip-™–p-√ (75). `m-cy: B-bn-i.

F³.Un.Sn.F. kwØm-\ {]-kn-Uâv `mkv-Ic³ ]n-W-dmbn: X-ø¬-sØmgn-em-fn kwL-S-\m ÿm]-I t\-Xmhpw \m-j\¬ U-tam-{Im-‰n-°v ssSte-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j≥ (F≥.Un.Sn.F) kwÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚pamb Sn Fw `m-kv-I-c≥ (78). kw-ÿm\-sØ A-kwL-Sn-Xcm-b X-ø¬ sXmgn-em-fnI-sf kwL-Sn-∏n®v A-h-Im-i-ß-fpw B\p-Iq-ey-ßfpw t\-SnsbS-p°m≥ \m-ep ]-Xn‰m-≠n-te-sd-bm-bn t\XrXzw \¬-Inh-cn-I-bmbn-cp∂p. km-bn-tk-hm k-an-Xn- {]-h¿-Ø-I\mWv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]-tcX\m-b Ip-™n-°Æ≥, am-[-hn. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p-®-bv°v 2.30\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬.

B-bn-i ]m-te-cn: Iq-\n-tbm-Sv aqim-cn-°≠ - n B-bn-i (80).

A-en-bmÀ

tZ-h-kym

sa-l-_q-_v

ta-cn-¡p-«n-

A-½n-Wn

tdm-kn

Ip-ªn-_m-h lm-Pn

P-ao-em-_o-hn

Bep-h: Ing-t° I-Sß√q¿ t]-c-bn¬ ap-lΩ-Zm-en a-I≥ A-enbm¿(72). J-_-dS-°w C∂p cm-hn-se 10.30\v tXm´-°m-´p-I-c Pp-am a-kv-PnZv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `mcy:sj-co-^. a-°ƒ: sFjm_n, P-eo¬, ko\Øv, P-aoe.

aq-∂n-e-hv-: tNw-ªm-\n°¬- kn- ‰n- tZ-h-kym (sIm-t®-´≥-˛83).- kw-kv°m-cw- C-∂v 3-\v- aq-∂n-ehv- sk‚ v ta-co-kv- ]-≈nsk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.- `m-cy-: t{X-kym-Ω (aq∂n-e-hvsIm-®p-ho-´n¬- Ip-Spw_m-Kw).- a-°ƒ- : ta-cn°p-´n,- F¬-k-Ω,- Nn-∂Ω,- en-√n,- kn-kn-en,- D-Ω®≥.- a-cp-a-°ƒ- : Ip-cp-hnf,- tPm¿-Pv- tXm-a-kv-,- tPmWn- am-Xy, ]-tc-X-\m-b t\m-_nƒ-.

N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ]q-g-h-mXn¬ ]p-Xp-∏-d-ºn¬ sal-_q-_v(58). J-_-d-S°w C-∂v 10\v ]p-Xq¿-∏≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `mcy: B-e-∏p-g ssX-∏-dºn¬ Ip-Spw-_m-Kw ^mØn-a. a-°ƒ: a-©p, an‚p, an-\p,A-Pv-a¬. a-cpa-°ƒ: jn-Pp(s]≥-]m-ekv), am-ln≥(a-kv-°-‰v).

]m-ºm-Sn-: sh-≈q¿- (]-dpX-e-a-‰w)- ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬]-tc-X-\m-b ]n- Sn- tXm-akn-s‚ (dn-´.-B¿-an)- `mcy- ta-cn-°p-´n- (85)-.- sIm√m-Sv- ap-√-ti-cn-em-b Aºm-´p-]-d-ºn¬- Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv.- kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v 12.-30 \v- sh-≈q¿7˛mw- ssa¬- Zn- s]-¥t°m-kv- an-j≥- sk-antØ-cn-bn¬.- a-°ƒ-: ]tc-X-\m-b cm-Pp(dn-´.B¿-an),- kq-k-Ω,- ss_Pp,- _n-Pn-tamƒ,- sIm-®ptam≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: t__n-®≥-(dn-´.- F-b¿-t^mgv-kv)-,- A-®≥-Ip-™v-.

Xncph√: ta-{]m¬ ]q-Xnt°m-Sv s\-©w-I-≠Øn¬ tUm. ]n Pn G{_-lm-an-s‚ `m-cy A-ΩnWn(78). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂oSv. sh-Æn-°p-fw I√n‰-°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-KamWv. a°ƒ: tkm-a(A-_p-Zm_n), tdm-bn(bp.Fkv.F.), jm-Pn(A-_p-Zm_n). a-cp-a°ƒ: A\n, sd-\n(A-_p-Zm-_n), an\n(bp.F-kv.F.)

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: B-bØp]-Sn a-Wn-t®-cn ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b h¿-Kokv `m-cy tdm-kn(76). kwkvv-Im-cw C-∂p ssh-Io´v 4\p B-b-Øp]-Sn \n-Xyklm-b am-Xm ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ:ta-cn(Zp-_m-bv)tPmk^v, sk-_m-Ãy≥, jmPp.a-cp-a°ƒ: tPm¨ Nnd-b-Øv tXm-´p-h(Zp-_mbv)_n-μp(A-[ym]n-I tN-cm-s\√q¿ K-h. F-®v. F-kv.F-kv)dmWn,en≥kn, ]-≈n∏m´vv(A-¶-am-en).

Nm-h-°m-Sv: I-S-∏p-dw sXm-´m-∏v _-Z¿-]-≈n-°v sX-°v `m-Kw \m-e-I-Øv Ip-™n-_m-h lm-Pn (85). J-_-d-S-°w \-SØn. `m-cy: I-ø-tamƒ (IZo-P). a-°ƒ: d-jo-Zv, Akq-d, j-co-^, sj-aow. acp-a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ JmZ¿, A-_q-_-°¿, D-Ω¿, apw-Xm-kv.

ap-´-∏-≈n(F-cp-taen): ]p-Xp-hm-{X ]-tc-X-\m-b A-_p-_-°¿-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy P-ao-em-_o-hn (73). J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn. a°ƒ: Xm-Pp-±o≥ au-e-hn, ap-l-Ω-Zv km-Zn-Jv au-ehn, ap-l-Ω-Zv km-en-lv au-e-hn, km-_n-lv d-lvam≥, A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv, A-\-kv, d-lv-a-Øv _o-hn, dw-e-Øv _o-hn, d-kn-eØv, d-Pp-e A-lv-a-Zv (F≥.-U-ªyp.-F-^v Pn√m sk-{I-´-dn), sF-jm _o-hn, B-_n-Xm _o-hn, ]-tc-X-bm-b dm-l-Øv _o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ : d-ko\m _o-hn, k-eo-\m _ohn, kp-a-øm, _p-jv-d, Pmkv-an≥, B-Zn-e, k-°o¿ lp-ssk≥ au-e-hn, kem-lp-±o≥ au-e-hn, Aj-d-^v au-e-hn, ]n Fw A-lv-a-Zv (tX-P-kv _yqtdm No-^v, tIm-´-bw), sj-ao¿ au-e-hn, ]-tc-X\m-b A-_p-_-°¿.

tKm-]n N-ß-\m-ti-cn: B-h-Wn tIm-®p-]-d-ºn¬ ho-´n¬ F tKm-]n(69)- .kw-km°m-cw C-∂v 1 \v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. -`m-cy: a-Wn(s]m-Snbm-Sn I-√p-¶¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw)-. a-°ƒ:A-Pn-X,B-i,A-`n-em-jv. -a-cp-a°ƒ:kp-tc-jv, in-h-Ipam¿.

am-Wn t]-cm-{º: am-e∏ - m-Sn-°≠n Xm-g h-ÆØ - m≥-I≠n Nm-Øp-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy am-Wn (75). a-I≥: kp-tc-jv. a-cp-aI - ƒ: Kn-cnP Im-hp-¥d - . k-tlm-Zc - ߃: Ip-™n-°Æ - ≥ Ip-™n-cm-a≥.

Ieym-Wn A-½ \-cn-°p-\n: dn-´. hn-t√-Pv A-kn-Â v ho-cy-{ºw at¶m-c-Øp-I-≠n cm-a≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy \-Sp-hn-e°-≠n I-eym-Wn A-Ω (87). a-°ƒ: cp-Kvan-Wn A-Ω. Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b¿ (dn-´. Pq-\n-b¿ kq-{]-≠v, Ir-jnh-Ip-∏v), _m-e≥ \m-b¿, tim-`-\m `m-bv (A-[ym-]n-I). a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥ \m-b¿ (Hma-t»-cn), A-\n-X (I-cp-ae), e-X (am-b-\m-Sv), Atim-I≥ \m-b¿ .

B-bn-i th-ß-c: tN-dq-cn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b I-tÆ-Øv A-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy Bbn-i (83). a-°ƒ: Ip™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv, aq-k, A–p-k-emw, A-–p¬- eØo-^v(bp.-F.-C), AUz. -A-–p¬ -K-^q¿, JZo-P, ssa-aq-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: iw-kp-±o≥, \nkm¿, kp-lv-dm-_n, J-ZoP, k-ao-d, J-Zo-P, ^ukn-b.

N-{µ³ sIm-bn-em-≠n: tN-at©-cn Xp-Δ-t°m-Sv h-f∏n¬ ao-ج N-{μ≥ (67). `m-cy: im-¥.

ap-l-½-Zv Xn-cq¿: sX-°≥-Ip-‰q-cnse sIm-f-∏p-d-Øv ]-tcX-\m-b t]m-°-dn-s‚ aI≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (_m-h ˛60). `m-cy: Xn-Øo-ap. a-°ƒ: k-eow, A-\-kv, Pm-_n¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: j¿-_o-\, kPv\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: sk-bv-Xp (A-_q-Z-_n), sam-bv-Xo≥ , d-km-Jv, ]tc-X-bm-b B-an-\.

s]m³-ap-Sn-bn hn-t\m-Z-k-©mcn an¶-teäp a-cn-¨p; c-−p-t]À-¡v ]-cn¡v s]m-≥ap-Sn: s]m≥-ap-Sn-bnse Ønb \m-ew-K-kw-L-Øn-¬ Hcmƒ an-∂te-‰v a-cn-®p. H-∏-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂ kp-lr-Øp-°fm-b c-≠p-t]¿-°v s]m-≈-te-‰p. Hcmƒ ]-cn-t°¬-°m-sX c-£s∏´p. I√º-ew tN∂≥-tIm-Sv aXp-c-t°m-Sv i-¶-c≥-ap-°n¬ ]tc-X\m-b k-Xy-]m-e-s‚bpw cm-[m-a-Wn-bp-sSbpw a-I≥ APn≥ (21) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. kp-lrØp-°-fpw s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv ]-\hq¿ sh-≈mwNn-d kz-tZ-in-Ifpam-b l-cn-Ir-jvW≥, A-PnØv F-∂n-h-sc-bm-Wv ]-cn-°p-Itfm-sS sa-Un-°¬ tImf-Pv Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®n-cn-

°p-∂Xv. C∂- s e D-®-bv-°v Hcp-aWn-tbmsS s]m-≥-apSn-bv-°p kao-]-am-bn-cp∂p A-]-ISw. _-‘pKr-l-Ønse-Øn-b-ti-jw APn≥ kp-lr-Øp-°-fp-am-bn Imdn-emWv s]m-≥ap-Sn-bnse-Ønb-Xv. s]m≥ap-Sn A-∏¿ km-\n-t‰mdn-b-Øn\Sp-Øp-≈ Ip-∂n≥-{]tZ-i-Øv hn-{i-an-°p-tºm-gm-Wv i-‡amb an-∂-ep-≠m-b-Xv. CXn¬ A-Pn\v Kp-cp-X-c-ambn

s]m-≈-te¬-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. H-∏-ap-≈h¿ \n-e-hn-fn-®-Xn-s\Øp-S¿-∂v h-gn-bm-{X-°m-cm-Wv s]m≥-ap-Sn t]m-en-kn¬ hn-h-ca-dn-bn-®Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v t]m-en-sk-Øn Ch-sc hnXp-c k¿-°m¿ B-ip]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶nepw A-Pns\ c-£n-°m-\m-bn√. A-Pn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰v-tam¿-´-Øn\p-ti-jw C∂-se D-®-tbm-sS kw-kv-I-cn®p. k-Pn≥, ku-ay F-∂nh¿ ktlm-Z-c-ß-fm-Wv. sF.Sn.sF. I-gn-™v U¬-ln-bn¬ tPment\m-°n-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p APn≥. s]m≥-ap-Sn t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xo³ t]-cm-{º: I¬-∏Øq¿ Ip-∂-Øv kn sI Ip™n-sam-bv-Xo≥ (75). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b ^mXzn-a. a-°ƒ: B-ky, A-ko-kv (Zp-_-bv), \u-jm-Zv , ku-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv tImb, ssk-\-_, ssj-a , ]tc-X-\m-b C-{_m-low. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-Ω-Xvlm-Pn, C-{_m-low, hocm≥-Ip-´n, ]-tc-X-cm-b A-–p-√, t]m-°¿.

ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v hr²³ a-cn-¨p a-Æm¿-°m-Sv: Im¬-\-S-bm-{X°m-c≥ ss_-°n-Sn-®v a-cn-®p. I√-Sn-t°m-Sv kz-tZ-in tKm-]me≥ \m-b¿(62) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS ]me-°m-Sv-˛-tIm-gn-t°m-Sv tZ-io-b]m-X-bn¬ I-√-Sn-t°m-Sv I\m¬-Pw-Kv-j-\p k-ao-]-am-Wv A-]-I-Sw. A-an-X-th-K-X-bn-seØn-b tam-t´m¿ ssk-°nƒ tdm-U-cn-In-eq-sS \-S-∂p-t]mhp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ tKm-]m-e≥-\mb-sc C-Sn-®p-ho-gv-Øp-I-bm-bncp-∂p. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ Cbm-sf s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ kz-Im-cyB-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-h-in-∏n-s®¶n-epw D-®-tbm-sS a-c-Ww k-w-`hn-®p. a-Æm¿-°m-Sv t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn.

hÂ-k½ tXm-a-kv Xo-t°mbn: amhSn ]p√m-´v tXma-kv am-Xyp (tSm-an)bp-sS `m-cy h¬kΩ tXm-a-kv(61). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v c-≠n-\v th-e-Øp-t»-cn sk‚ v sk-_m-kv-‰y≥ ]-≈nskan-tØcnbn¬. a°ƒ: tPm-_n, a-\n-X, __n-X, tPm-tPm. a-cpa°ƒ: tkm-_n, hn-t\mZv h-e-cn-bn¬, tPm-_n≥ ]-d-ºI-Øv , jo-\

Sn\p tPm¬ ]-ø-∂q¿: G-cy-sØ C√n-°¬ tPm¨˛en-k Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-Iƒ Sn\p tPm¨ (23). `¿-Ømhv: I-°m-s´ jl-\m-kn¬ _n A-Ivkmw.

DaÀ lm-Pn C-cn´n: sN-Sn-°pf-sØ Nq-tcym-´v D-a¿lm-Pn (88). `mcy: I-Æn-s∏mbn¬ J-Zo-P. a°ƒ: A-–p¬ JmZ¿, C-{_m-lnw, \mk¿, ssaaq-\, D-Ωp¬ ssl-a, Pao-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-l-ΩZv, A-∫mkv, kn-±oJv, \ko-a, dw-eØv, d-lv-a-Øv.

tc-h-Xn So-¨À tN-te-{º: C-Sn-aq-gn-°¬ t{i-b-kn¬ tc-h-Xn So®¿ (71).

sa-Un-°¬-tIm-f-Pv: {io-h-cm-lw -Ip-f-Øn¬ -A⁄m-X-s\ a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. C-∂-se- cmhn-se 11 a-Wn-°v- k-ao-]-hm-kn-I-fm-Wv ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. D-tZ-iw 55 h-b- v {]m-b-ap-≈ C-bmfp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw sa-Un-°¬-tIm-f-Pv tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

s{S-bn³ X-«n hr-²³ a-cn-¨p

In-fn-sIm-√q¿: I-cn-t°m-Sv ]p-e-cn \-K¿ `m-K-Øv hr≤≥ s{S-bn≥ X-´n a-cn-®p. Nm-Øn-\mw-Ip-fw Aw-t_Zv-°¿ \-K¿ 70 ¬ h-b-en¬ ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ tKm-]me-Ir-jv-W≥ (60)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. In-fn-sIm-√q¿ t]men-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

sd-bnÂ-th t_m-À-Uv ap³ sN-bÀ-am³ Fw F³ {]-km-Zv \ncym-X-\mbn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sd-

bn¬-th t_m¿-Uv sN-b¿am-\m-bn-cp-∂ Fw F≥ {]km-Zv (81) A-¥-cn-®p. C-∂se ]p-e¿-s® c-≠p-a-Wn°v hm¿-[-Iy-k-l-P-am-b A- k p- J - s Ø- Ø p- S ¿- ∂ v sIm-√-sØ kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p A¥yw. Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ No-^v sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bn-cp-∂ kn H am-[-h-s‚ ]p-{X-\m-Wv. Zo¿-L-Im-e-w sd-bn¬-th bn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-® A-t±-lw 1999 ap-X¬ 2013 h-sc tdm-Uv tk-^v-‰n Iu¨-kn¬ Aw-K-am-bpw {]-h¿Øn-®n-´p-≠v. 1954 em-Wv A-t±-lw C-¥y≥ sd-bn¬th k¿-ho-kn¬ tN-cp-∂-Xv. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b hm-k-¥n. a-°ƒ: am-[-hv taml≥ (C-¥y≥ Hm-bn¬, apw-ss_), Pm-\p \-tc-jv (kvt‰-‰v _m-¶v Hm-^v C-¥y, sIm-√w), im-c-Z hm-a-tZ-h≥ (B¿-°n-sS-Œv, sN-ss∂). a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-em taml≥, \-tc-jv \-tc-{μ≥ (sIm-√w), kp-\n¬ hm-a-tZh≥, (B¿-°n-sS-Œv, sN-ss∂). ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂p-cmhn-se 10.30\v Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw Ip-∂p-Ip-gn-bn-se hk-Xn-bm-b tIm-a-Øv sIm-≠p-h-cpw. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-bv-°v 12 a-Wn-°v ssX-°m-Sv im-¥n-I-hm-SØn¬ \-S-°pw.

ImÀ C-Sn-¨v tem-«-dn hnÂ-¸-\-¡m-c³ a-cn-¨p

sXm-Sp-]p-g: Im¿ C-Sn-®p ]-cn-t°-‰ tem-´-dn hn¬-∏\-°m-c≥ a-cn-®p. sX-°pw-`m-Kw Ip-™≥]-d-ºn¬ cm-a-N-{μ≥ ]n-≈ (69)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. 15\v ap-X-e-t°m-Sw am-hn≥ Np-h-´n¬ h-®v tem-´-dn°-®-h-Sw \-S-Øn-h-cp-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bm-Wv Im-dn-Sn-®-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kv-I-cn-®p. `m-cy: hn-P-b-Ω (A-cn-°pg \-kzm¿-aT-Øn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, jo-_, hn-jv-ap {]n-b, ]-tc-X-\m-b km-tP-jv. a-cp-a°ƒ: a-Rv-Pp, {io-P, kp-tc-{μ≥, A-Po-jv.

an-\n-tem-dn ss_-¡n-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

Ip-a-c-Iw: an-\n-tem-dn C-Sn-®v \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´ ss_°v ssh-Zyp-Xn t]m-Ãn-en-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. \m-ec-h-b- p-Im-c≥ a-I≥ ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS c-£-s∏-´p. Ip-a-c-Iw am-eo-{X ]o-‰-dn-s‚ a-I≥ kn-dn¬ ]o-‰¿ (tam≥-kn˛30) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ ssI H-Sn-™ kn-dn-fn-s‚ a-I≥ B-Zn-tZ-hn-s\ h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p. ap-l-Ω I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]w kn.-Fw.F-kv. kv-Iqƒ P-Mv-j-\n-¬ D-®-bv-°v 2.30 t\m-Sp Iq-SntN¿-Ø-e h-f-h-\m-Sp-≈ `m-cy ho-´n-te-°v Ip-´n-bpam-bn t]m-hpw h-gn-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. Hm-t´m-sb adn-I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ an-\n-tem-dn ss_-°n-s‚ ]n∂n-en-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. C-Sn-bp-sS i-‡n-bn¬ \nb-{¥-Ww hn-´ ss_-°v t]m-Ãn-en-Sn-®v X-e-bv-°v Kpcp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ kn-dnƒ kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp Xs∂ a-cn-®p. c-iv-an-bm-Wv a-cn-® kn-dn-en-s‚ `m-cy.

Xn-cn-¨-dn-b tc-J-I-fnÃmsX aÂ-ky-ta-J-e-bn tPm-ensN-bv-X 11 _w-¥m-tZ-iv kz-tZ-in-IÄ ]n-Sn-bn ssh-∏n≥: Xn-cn-®-dn-b¬ tc-JI-fn-√m-sX ap-cn-°pw-]m-S-sØ a¬-ky-ta-J-e-bn¬ tPm-en sNbv-Xn-cp-∂ 11 _w-•m-tZ-iv kz-tZin-I-sf t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰p sNbv-Xp. d-^o-sk¬ ap-≈-(30),d-kmbpƒ-an-k-(35), A-ao≥-Ip(22),-apPm-tam-Uqƒ (24), sam-ln-_p-≈ Im-knw-(28), K-^q¿-(30),-A-\aqƒ-(18), l-an-\q¿-(31),_m-_pƒ ap-≈-(31), d-_n-bqƒ-ap-≈-(18),-apl-Ω-Zv l-_o-_p-≈ (22),-F-∂nh-sc-bm-Wv dp-d¬ F-kv.]n kXo-jv _n-t\m-bp-sS Io-gn-ep-≈ {]-tXy-I A-t\z-j-W kw-Lw A-d-kv-‰p sN-bv-X-Xv. c-l-kyhn-h-c-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v

ap-cp-°pw-]m-S-sØ aq-∂v a-¬kyI-b-‰p-a-Xn tI-{μ-߃ sd-bv-Uv sN-bv-Xm-Wv 11 t]-sc-bpw ]n-SnIq-Sn-b-Xv. C-h¿ ]-›n-a-_wKmƒ h-gn tI-c-f-Øn-se-Øn-bXm-sW-∂v t]m-enkv A-dn-bn®p. I-gn-™aq-∂p h¿-j-am-bn B-ep-h-bn¬ Xm-a-kn-®v tPm-ensN-bv-Xn-cp-∂ - C-h¿ ap-cp-°pw]m-S-Øv h-∂n-´v 11 Zn-h-k-ta Bbn-´p-≈p. ap-cp-°pw-]m-S-sØ F._n. kn., A-en-^v, k-ap-{Z F-∂o Iº-\n-I-fn-em-Wv C-h¿ tPm-en sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. C-tXØp-S¿∂v F._n.kn I-º-\n D-S-a-sb t]m-enkv I-Ã-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øv

]nSn-bn-em-b-h¿ Rm-d°¬- k¿-°nƒ- Hm-^nkn¬tNm-Zyw sN-bv-Xp. tIm-S-Xn- \n¿-t±-im-\p-k-c]n-Sn-bn-em-b-h-sc t^m-dn-t\- Ww _m-°n \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-Igv-kv B-Iv-Sv A-\p-k-cn-®v tI- cn-°p-sa-∂v Unssh-.F-kv.]n sk-Sp-Øv sIm-®n ^-Ãv ¢m-kv a- hn sI k-\n¬-Ip-am¿,Rm-dPn-kv-t{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P- °¬ kn.-sF. Sn Fw h¿-Ko-kv cm-°pw. F-∂n-h¿ A-dn-bn-®p.

Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2013-11-25  

Thejas Epaper obit edition. 2013-11-25