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thÀ-]mSv

19 H-IvtSm-_¿ 2013 i\n

bp-h-Xn-sb a-cn-¨-\n-e-bn I-s−-¯n

sam-bv-Xo³

tIm-b-¡p-«n am-kv-äÀ

\m-cmbWn

lwk-lm-Pn

Zp-_m-bn \n-cym-X-\mbn

]m-¯p½bn

A-ssk³

Ip-ªmen

Ip-‰n-∏p-dw: sN√q¿ ]u-c{]-ap-J\pw ap≥ al√v {]-kn-U-‚p-am-bn-cp-∂ ]c∏m-c sam-bv-Xo≥ (77).apkvv-enw-eo-Kv Pn√m Iu¨kn-e-dm-bn-cp∂p. `mcy: ]m-ØpÆn. a°ƒ: ap-lΩZv, lw-k, l-aoZv, jwkp-±o≥, ]-c∏m-c kn-±oJv (Ip-‰n-∏p-dw ]-©m-b-ØwKw), A-–p-d-ln-am≥, Bbn-j, ssk\-_, kpsse-J, dw-e, k-do\. acp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b sk-bv-X-ehn, l-aoZv, apkvX-^, A-e-hn-°p´n, A-e-hn-°p´n, l ≥, jco-^, kp-ss_-Z, C\mkv, ssa-aq-\, Pm-kvan≥, k-do\.

\n-d-a-cp-Xq¿: h-≈n-°m™n-cw s]-cp-¶n-]-dºn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ tIm-b-°p-´n am-ÿ (65). h-≈n-°m-™n-cw F.F¬.]n. kv-Iqƒ dn´. A-[ym-]-I-\m-Wv. P\-Xm-_-km¿ a-l-√v sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy : kn -Fw -F kpsse--J, a-°ƒ: lm-jnw, jm-Pn¿ (A-_q-Z-_n), hkow (e-≠≥), k-tlm--Zc-߃ : sam-bv-Xo≥-lmPn, D-Ω¿, ]n ]n C-{_m-lnw-am-ÿ. J-_-d-S°w C-∂v 12\v h-≈n-°m™n-cw Pp-am-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

sIm-bn-em≠n: s]-cp-h´q¿ ]m-tem-´p-Xm-sg-Ip\n \m-cm-b-Wn(75). `¿Øm-hv ]-tc-X\m-b sNt°m´n. a°ƒ: im-¥, `m-kvIc≥, N-{μn-I, cm-[, N{μ≥, ku-an\n, _m_p. a-cp-a°ƒ: do-P, Ip-™ncma≥, cm-Lh≥, jo-P, `m-kv-Ic≥, A\-j, ]-tc-X\m-b \m-cmbW≥.

Ip-‰n-∏p-dw: ]u-c-{]-apJ\pw A-S-°-hym-]m-cnbp-am-bn-cp∂ tXm-Wn-°S-hØv Sn sI lw-k-lmPn (62). `m-cy: B-bn-j. a°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-l-ΩZv (Ip-™m-∏p), A-–p¬ P-eo¬, ssk\-_, A–p¬ A-kokv, kpl-d, an-kv cn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A¬-Øm-^v a-t©cn, Ja-dp-±o≥ Xn-cq¿, in-lm_p-±o≥ a-t©cn, km-_nd, ^u-kn-b, Pw-jo-\.

sIm-bn-em≠n: ssa-Xm\n h-f-∏n¬ kp-ss_¿ a≥-kn-en¬ \u-^¬(36) Zp-_-bn¬ \n-cym-X-\mbn. `m-cy: kp-sse-J. a°ƒ: J-Zo-P \-^v-e, Bbn-j dn≥-j (C-cp-hcpw sF.kn.F-kv kv-Iqƒ hnZym-¿-Yn-Iƒ). ]n-Xmhv: ]tc-X\m-b A-_q-_°¿. a-m-Xmhv: \-^o-k. ktlm-Z-c߃: kp-ss_¿, C-kv-lmJv, kpl-d, kpss_-Z, dm-_n-b.

sIm-Sp-h≈n: \-Jv-i-_μn-ø Xz-coJ-Øv In-gt°m-Øv im-Jm-I-Ωn-‰n Aw-Kw sR-t≈m-d a-ebn¬ ]m-Øp-sΩ-bn(100). a°ƒ: I-Zo-i, A-–p¿-dln-am≥, B-bn-i, B-bntibn, ]-≈o-a, ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-™men.a-cpa°-ƒ: ]m-Øp-sΩbn, A-–p, Im-Z¿, ]-≈o-a, A-–p√-°p´n, ]-tcX\m-b Ben.

Iq-fn-amSv: Nn-‰m-en-∏n-em°¬ Ip-dp-{º-Ω¬ Assk≥(93). `m-cy-am¿: B-an-\, ^m-Xzna. a°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv auehn, A-–p-¿d-ln-am≥- apkvve - ym¿, A-–p√(kuZn), J-Zo-P, ^m-Xzn-a. a-cpa°ƒ: D-Ωp-k¬-Ω(tNμ-aw-K√ - q¿), ^mXzn-a(H-fh-´q-¿), kpao-d(Xn-cp-hºm-Sn), A-lΩ - Z- vI - p´n(tN-μa - w-K√q¿), eXzo^v(H-fh - ´- q¿).

sIm-Sp-h≈n: ]m-e-°p-‰n ap-kv-enw-eo-Kv ssh-kv {]kn-U‚pw ]-©mb-Øv ap-kv-enw-eo-Kv I-Ωn-‰n saw_dpw F-kv.Sn.bp t\Xm-hpw ]u-c-{]-ap-J\pam-b ta-se ]m-e-°p‰n Ip-™m-en(63). `mcy: ssk\-_. a°ƒ: ssjP¬, A-jvd-^v(ku-Zn), A-\kv, B-_nZv, Bkn^v. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-ΩZv, sam-bv-Xo≥, A_q-_-°¿, I-Zo-P

ap-l½-Zv

Ip-ª-l½-Zv

Ipªn-t]m-¡À

t]m¡À

^m¯n-a

tIm-´°¬: tIm-gn-s®\ I-cn-º-\-°¬ Ips©-≈n (65). `mcy: Imfn. a°ƒ: ]-c-ta-izc≥, {io-\n-hmk≥, k-c-kzXn, _nμp, kp-Ip-amc≥, A-\n¬-Ip-am¿. a-cpa°ƒ: Ir-jv-W≥-Ip´n, kp-{_-a-Wy≥, jo-_, hn-P-b-Ip-amcn, [-\y.

F-Sh-Æ: sN-º-°p-Øv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn-\p k-ao-]w ]-tc-X\m-b F-c-™n°¬ A-_p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ ap-l-ΩZv (D-´n ˛65). `m-cyam¿: \-^o-k, ]-tc-Xbmb B-an-\.a°ƒ: kp-\nX, an\n, \m-Zn-b, ap-lvkn-\, ap-^v-knZv, ap≥-jnZ. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-Iv_¿, \n-km-ap-±o≥(ZΩmw).

s]-cp-º-S∏v: A-bn-cq¿ kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w ]-tcX\m-b Ip-Δ-∏p-≈n _m∏p-ap-kv-eym-cp-sS a-I≥ ]-Wn-°-c-Im-bn¬ Ip™-l-Ω-Zv(76). a°ƒ: A-–p¬-d-jo-Zv(A-_qZ_n), A-–p¬-e-Øo^v, A-–p¬ d-Du^v, dw-e, _p-jv-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: P-kod, Pnw-jo-\, B-bn-ip-Ω.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: sN-´n∏Sn ]p-Xp-°p-fw hS-t° tNm-f-°I-Øv Ip-™nt∏m-°¿ (52). `mcy: kp-ss_-Z. a°ƒ: ^-fv-ep¬ B_nZv, A≥-h¿ km-ZnJv, Pw-jo-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: apw-Xmkv, adnbw, kp-ss_¿.

t]-cm{º: Xp-cp-Øn-Ip-\nbn¬ t]m-°¿(70). `mcy: Ip-™man. a-°ƒ: aqk(A¬-ln-em¬ Ip-‰ymSn), K-^q¿(tdm-b¬ tKmƒ-Uv t]-cm-{º), apl-Ω-Zen, ss^k¬, k^n-b, km-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: Pm-_n¿ ]-d-ºØv, Ip™Ω-Zv ta-∏-øq¿, dp-_o\, k-°o-\, \p-{kØv.

h-fm-t©-cn: kn.sI]md kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w tate ]o-Sn-tb-°¬ Ip™-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy ^m-Øn-a(73). a°ƒ: apkv-X-^(Zp_-bv), ^mØn-a, _n-cn-b-°p´n. a-cpa-°ƒ:kp-ss_-Z, Icow, A-en. J-_-dS-°w cm-hn-se H-º-Xn\v.

^mXzn-a

]dbn

Ben

ImÀ-Xym-b-\nb-½

A-Pn-Xv-Ip-amÀ

t]-cm{º: Ip∂-Øv AΩ-Xv-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy FS∏m-d ^m-Xzn-a(50). a°ƒ: ap-\o¿(Zp-_mbv), d-Pn-\, dw-jo-\. a-cp-aIƒ: _-¬°o-kv.

Xp-d-bq¿: ]m-e-Nph-Sv atem¬-ao-ج ]-tc-X\m--b ]m-bn-®n-bp-sS `mcy ]d-bn(85). a°ƒ: ]tc-Xbm-b I-eym-Wn. ktlm-Z-c≥: ]-tc-X\m-b t_-c≥.

tIm-gn-t°mSv: I√m-bv N-°pwIS-hv ]p-Xn-b] - p-cb - n¬ a-ΩZ- mPn-]d- º - n¬ B-en(55). `mcy: \^o-k. a°ƒ: ku-Z, \nkm¿, d-Pp-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: e-Øo^v(tXm-∏b - n¬), k-{^o-\(]øm-\° - ¬), a≥-kq¿(am-dm-S)v .

sIm-bn-em≠n: ]-¥emb-\n ]m-df-Øv ]-tcX\m-b dn-´. Fkv.sF am-[-h≥\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Im¿Øym-b-\n-A-Ω(75). k©-b\w: hymgw.

F-c-™n-°¬: \o-\- \nhm-kn¬ A-Pn-Xv-Ipam¿(55). `mcy: ssie-P. a°ƒ: \oXp, \n¿-a¬PnØv. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 10\p sh-kv‰v-ln¬ iv-a-im-\-Øn¬.

_meIr-jv-W³

sam-bv-Xo³

sk-bv-Xm-en

X-¦

^-tdm-°v: ho-´-Ω s]m-≈-te-‰v a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬. aÆq¿ ]-\-°¬ lu-kn¬ k-Xo-tZ-hn(55) B-Wv a-cn®Xv. ho-´n¬ B-cp-an√m-Ø k-ab-Øv C∂-se D®°v c-t≠m-sS-bm-Wv kw-`hw. ao-©-¥-bn¬-\n-∂v ^b¿-t^m-gvkpw ^-tdm-°v t]m-enkpw \m-´p-Im-cpw kw-`-h-ÿ-e-sØ-Øp-∂-Xn\p ap-ºp X-s∂ ac-Ww kw-`-hn-®n-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\m-bn sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pm-ip-]{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn-te-°p am‰n.

FS°-c: aq-tØ-Sw Im´n°√v ]-¥-∏m-S≥ ssk-Z-e-hn-bp-sS a-I≥ sam-bv-Xo≥ (39). D-Ω: B-an-\. `mcy: I-adp-∂o-k. a-°ƒ: A-am-\p-≈, A-\m-\p-≈. k-tlm-Zc߃: A–pƒ K-^q¿, A-–p-≈.

s]m-∂m-\n: ]-tc-X-\mb I-f-°-c ap-l-Ω-Zv aI≥ sk-bv-Xm-en (Aen-Ip-´n-˛55). `m-cy: dw-e. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv A-kv-ew, ap-l-Ω-Zv A¬-Xm-^v. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-j-d-^v (ku-Zn), P-ao-e, A-–pƒ e-Øo-^v.-

F-S-∏mƒ: am-Wq¿ tIm´o-cn ap-Ø≥ Ip-gn-bn¬ ap-≠-bp-sS `m-cy X-¶ (65). a°ƒ: kp-{_-lv-aWy≥, ]-c-ta-izc≥, {io[c≥, th-em-bp[≥, kc-kzXn, _nμp. a-cpa°ƒ: \o-\, an\n-tamƒ, kp-Pm-X, hn-Pn-X, _m_p, hn-Pb≥.

\q-än-c-−mw h-b-Ên \n-cym-X-bm-bn-

ssk-Xe-hn lm-Pn

h-SIc: awKemSv Nofn¬ _meIrjvW≥ (59). `mcy: eoe. a°ƒ: \n[ojv, enj, emen. acpa-°ƒ: IrjvW-≥ atem¬ (tIm´∏≈n), sI ]n cXojv (awKemSv), cojv-a.

_o-cm³-lm-Pn

N-{µ³

ap-kX v -^

C-¼n-¨n-t¡m-b

am[hn

cho{µ³

cp-ÜnWn

am-[-hnb-½

s]-cn-¥¬a-Æ: Pq_n-en tdm-Uv H-‰b-Øv _o-cm≥-lm-Pn(78). s]-cn-¥¬aÆ l\^n Pp-am-a-kv-PnZv, Pp_o-en tdm-Uv Pp-am-akv-PnZv, tX-°n≥-tImSv F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ ap{In-bm-bn tk-h-\-a-\pjvTn-®n-cp-∂p. `mcy: \_o-k. a°ƒ: A_p, lw-k(Pn±), ^m-Øna-°p´n, jw-kp-±o≥, kp-ss_-Z, P-ao-e, \mk¿(Pn±), lp ≥, l- ≥(ku-Zn), Akokv. a-cp-a°ƒ: B-bn-j, dw-e, _o-cm≥(kuZn), J-Zo-P, sslZ¿, l-°ow, km-Pn-X, kdo-\, kp-ao-\, B-bnj. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ap-lΩZv, lw-k, \-_o-k, ]m-Øp-Ω, J-Zo-P.

Ip-μ-aw-Kew: I-cp-°Øq¿ \-Sp-hn-ep-≈m-´n¬ N-{μ≥-(65).dn-´. Fkv._n.sF Po-h-\-°m-c\m-bn-cp∂p. `mcy: kuan-\n. a°ƒ: {]-tam-Zv, {]Pn-X, {]-Pojv. a-cpa°ƒ: kp-_n-\, apc-fn Im-c-t»cn, tc-jv-a. k-©b\w: _p[-≥. t\-{X-Zm\w \-SØn.

I-Sn-b-ßmSv: ]-¥n-cn-°-cbn-bn-se Im-∏pΩ¬ aq ˛_n-øm-Øp Z-º-Xn-Ifp-sS a-I≥ ap-kv-X-^(35). `m-cy: j-co-^. a-°ƒ: ap^oZ(tlm-fn-^m-anen F-®v.F-kv H-‰-°≠w), ap-lvkn-\(N-ß-tc m-Øv Fw.bp.]n kv-Iq-ƒ), \-P ^m-Xzn-a. k-tlm--Zc≥: A-–p -emw.

t_∏q¿: h-S-t°-X-e°¬ F kn C-ºn-®nt°m-b (84). `mcy: J-Zo-P, a°ƒ: ]tc-X\m-b Ip-™m-bn≥, P-ao-e, I-_o¿(_-lv-dbv≥), ap-Po-_p¿-d-lvam≥,\mk¿, kpl-d, _pj-d. a-cp°ƒ: aplΩ-Zv am\p, kn-±oJv, Ajv-d^v.

A-tØm-fn: Hm-´º-ew ]pXn-tbS-Øv ao-ج ]-tcX\m-b _m-∏p-´n-bp-sS `mcy am-[h - n(86). a°ƒ: NmØp-°p´n, tam-l\-≥, Iae, kp-io-e, ]-tc-X\mb tNm-bn-°p´n. a-cp-a°ƒ: Pm-\ In, ]-fln-\n, _nμp, tI-f∏ - ≥, {]-Imi≥. kwkvI - m-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se ho-´p-hf - ∏ - n¬.

IÆt©cn: s\SntbmSn\new ]dºn¬ ]n sI cho{μ≥ (63) `mcy: cm[. a°ƒ: {]-koZ, t{]wIpam¿ cmtP-jv (_-lsdbv≥). acp-a°ƒ: kptcjv, imen-\n. kwkvImcw C∂p cmhnse 10\p am\mcn ivaim\Øn¬.

Ip-μa - w-Kew: ap-≠° - ¬ tIm-∏m¬ sXm-Sn-Ib - n¬ cp‹n-Wn(66). `¿-Øm-hv: cmP≥-\m-b¿(dn-´. F¬. sF.kn). a°ƒ: kp-tc-jI v- pam¿, ]-tc-X\m-b cm-tP-jvIp-am¿. a-cp-a° ƒ: D-j, an\n. k-tlm-Zc - ߃: hn-Pb-Ip-am¿, kq-cy-Im¥w, ]tc-Xcm-b {]k-∂, hnPb≥.

sIm-bn-em≠n: \-{º-ØvI-c Ip-t∂m-Øv ap-°v \Sp-®m-en¬ ]-tc-X\m-b A-Nyp-X≥ \m-b-cp-sS `mcy am-[-hn-A-Ω(82). a°ƒ: e-£van, hm-kptZh≥, _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, Kw-Km-[-c≥, Im¿-Xymb\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: cp-KvanWn, t{]-a, _nμp, ]-tcX\m-b _-m-e-Ir-jvW≥.

A-Ðp A-ko-kv

F-c-aw-Kew: tIm-X-ap-°v tdm-Un-\p k-ao]w s\SntbmS-Øv N-{μ-s‚ `mcy hn-em-kn-\n(55). a-°ƒ: {]-tamjv, {]-`o-jv(JØ¿), t{]-a≥(ku-Zn), Ir-jv-W-{]-kmZv. a-cpa°ƒ: k‘y, {]-Pn-X, imep.

a-°-c-]-dºv: h-S-°m-ßc h-S-t°-Ipf-ºv th-ßt»-cn I-f-Øn¬ A–p¬ A-ko-kv (70). `mcy-am¿: k-^n-b, ]-tcXcmb ssk\-_, Bky. a-°ƒ: Bky, J-a-dp-∂ok, ko-\Øv, ap-lΩ-Zv dm^n, l-ao-Zen, bm-jnJv Aen, km-Zn-Jv Aen, B-in-^-k-do≥, bqk-^v A-en.

sam-bv-Xo³-Ip«n Xn-cp-\m-hm-b: ssh-ct¶m-Sv hS-s° ]√m¿ Nn‰I-Øv Xn-cp-ap-Sn ]-dºn¬ sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n (65). `mcy: \-^o-k. a° ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zen, \-hm-kv (^p-ssPd), in-lm-_p±o≥ (J-Ø¿), _pj-d, B-cn-^, P-ko-d, j-co-^. a-cp-a°ƒ: l-aoZv, ap-kvX^, d-kmJv, in-lm _v, kp-sse-J, ^-kv-en-b.

Ip-ª-Ðpà lm-Pn IXncq¿:Np≠ßms∏m bn¬ CSbn-se]oSnI Ip-ø-≠n∏-≈n°p kao]w sI sI Ip-™–p√ lmPn (62). `mcy: lm-Pnd, a°ƒ: Pkoe, Pkv-ane. acp-a°ƒ: Akokv, \mk¿.

sSwt]m-bpw ss_¡pw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn¨p

eo-e ]-c∏ - \ - ß - m-Sn: sN-´n∏-Sn ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-dn-tbS Øv tKm-hnμ-s‚ `m-cy eoe (65). a°ƒ: a-Wn-IWvT ≥, a-Wn-°p´≥, a-R-v Pp-f. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-`mjnX≥, {]-Pn-X, j-_\ -v .

tIm-gn-t°mSv: ]-¥o-c-¶m-hv ss_-]m-kv tdm-Un¬ X-an-gv-\m-´n¬ \n-∂p h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ sS-tºmbpw ss_°pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®p bp-hm-hv a-cn®p. ]-¥o-c-¶m-hv tIm-´m-bn-Xm-gw tkm-]m-\-Øn¬ _m-e-Ir-jvW-s‚ a-I≥ A-Jn¬(28)B-Wp a-cn-®Xv. C∂-se sshIo´v 4.30\m-Wv A-]-ISw. ar-X-tZ-lw sa-Un-°¬ tImf-Pv tam¿-®-dn-bn¬.

s]m-Å-te-äv ho-«-½ a-cn-¨p

a-½Zv-tIm-b X-e-°p-f-Øq¿: A-≠nt°m-Sv ]p-Xn-bm-dº-Øv a-ΩZv-tIm-b(53). ]n-Xmhv: JmZ¿. am-Xmhv: ssI-®. `mcy: Ip™man. a°ƒ: jm\n^v, jw-ko¿.

JZo-P ]-ø-\m-Sv: tNm-e-°¬ ]tc-X\m-b a-W-t°m-S≥ sam-bv-Xo-s‚ `m-cy J-ZoP (80). a°ƒ: ap-l-ΩZv, ^m-Øn-Ω. a-cp-aI≥: A_q-_°¿.

s]-cp-h-≈q¿: ]m-e-s∏Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: ]q-°n-∏-dºv A-Øm-Wn-°p-≠v kz- ´n∏md -º≥ ssk-XetZ-in ]-tc-X-\m-b tNm-e- hn lm-Pn (58). `mcy: J-Zo-P. °¬ Ip-™n-t∏m-°-dns‚ `m-cy I-S-h-Øv ho-´n¬ a°ƒ: k-^n-b, in-lm_v, d-low, \n-km]m-Øp-Ω (102). a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xo≥ lm-Pn, ap-l- ap-±o≥, ^-k-ep-d-lvam≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-emΩ-Zv, _n-cn-ø-°p-´n, Ip™n-∏m-Øp-Ω. a-cp-a-°- lp-±o≥, dm-_n-b, jmƒ: D-Ωm-®p-´n, ]m-Øp-Ωp. Znb.

apdn tNm-Zn-¨p h-¶ kw-Lw Sq-dn-kv-äv tlmw D-Sa-sb sIm-e-s¸-Sp-¯n

bp.]nbn hym-PaZy Zp-c-´w; 22 a-cWw

F-S∏ - mƒ: Sp-dn-Ãv tlm-an¬ ap-dn tNmZn-®p-h-∂ aq∂wKkw-Lw D-S-a-sb B-{I-an-®p-sIm-e-s∏-SpØn. C∂-se cm-{Xn 12 a-Wn-tbm-sS F-S-∏mƒ P-Mvj-\n¬ Xr-iq¿ tdm-Un-se Sq-dn-kv-‰v tlm-an-em-Wv B-{I-a-W-ap-≠m-bXv. Sq-dn-kv-‰v tlmw ]m¿-Sv-W¿ F-S-∏mƒ sh-ßn-\n-°c - ]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ sam-bvXo≥ (55) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. A¿-[c - m{Xn ap-dn tNm-Zn-®p h-∂ kw-Lt- Øm-Sv ap-

AAv-kw-KUv: D-Ø¿-{]-tZ-in-se ap-_m-d-Iv-]q-cn¬ hym-P-a-Zyw I-gn-®v 22 t]¿ a-cn-®p. ap_mdIv]q-cn-se F´p {Km-a-ß-fn¬ \m-S≥Nm-cmbw I-gn-®-h-cm-Wp a-cn-®-sX-∂v t]m-en-kv kq-{]≠v A-c-hn-μv sk≥ ]-d-™p. Nn-e¿ ho-Sp-Ifnepw a-‰p-≈-h¿ B-ip-]-{Xn-I-fn-ep-am-Wv a-cn®Xv. F-∂m¬, 26 t]¿ a-cn-®p-sh-∂m-Wv \m-´pIm¿ ]-d-bp-∂Xv. k¿-°m¿ C-Xp ÿn-co-I-cn-®n´n√. Ir-Xyhn-tem-]w Im-Wn-® B-dv t]m-en-kpIm-sc k-kv-s]≥-Uv sN-bv-Xn-´p≠v.

dn H-gn-hn-s√-∂v ]-d-™-t∏mƒ sam-bvXo-s\ B-{I-an-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. Kpcp-Xc - a - m-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ sam-bvX - o-s\ FS-∏m-fn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶nepw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\mbn√. F-S-∏mƒ kz-tZ-in-I-fm-Wv A{I-an kw-L-sa-∂v Xn-cn-®-dn-™n-´p≠v. A-{I-an kw-LØ - n-se c-≠p t]sc t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-ØXm-bn kq-N\ - b - p≠v.

Ign-™ Znh-kw \ncym-X\m-b hm-Wnta¬ \-cn-∏-‰ \-ºyØmw-Ip-≠n-se ao-ap≈m-≠n A-Ω-Zv(90)

C \m-cm-bW-\v \m-Sn-sâ bm{Xm-sam-gn Xet»cn: {]ap-J k-l-Im-cn-bpw kn.]n.Fw. I-Æq¿ Pn√m I-Ωn-‰nbw-K-hpw d_vtIm sN-b¿-am-\pamb C \m-cm-b-W-\v \m-Sn-s‚ bm{Xsamgn. ar-X-tZ-lw ho\-kv P-Mv-j\n-se kn-‰n-sk‚-dn¬ {]-tXy-Iw k-÷o-I-cn-® ÿe-Øv C∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-tem-sS kw-kv-I-cn®p. a-teky-bnse Izm-em-ew-]q-cn¬ lr-Z-bm-LmX-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v A-¥-cn-® \m-cm-bWs‚ ar-X-tZlw C∂se s\-Sp-ºm-t»-cn hnam\Øm-h-f-Øn¬ F-Øn-®p. A-hnsS-\n∂v kn.]n.Fw. kwÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn ]n-W-dm-bn hn-P-b≥, t]m-fn-‰v _yqtdm AwKw tIm-Sntb-cn _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ F-∂n-h¿ G-‰p-hmßn-b ti-jw sh-fp-∏n\v 5.30Hm-sS kz-¥w hoSm-b a-Æ-bms´ k-l-Im-cn `-h-\n¬ F-Øn-®p.

Z-½m-an \n-cym-X-\m-bn

thß-c: hen-tbm-d ap-X-e-am-Sn-se A-©p-I-≠Øn¬ A-h-dp-lm-Pn (60) lr-Zbm-Lm-Xw aq-ew Z-Ωm-an¬ \ncym-X-\mbn. Z-Ωm-an-se kq-∏¿ am¿-°-‰n¬ Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-bncp∂p. `mcy: I-Zn-b-°p´n. a°ƒ: C-√ymkv, ssk\-_, A-–p-¬e -- Øo^v, _-jo¿, \m-kn-d, \-kod, A-en A-Iv-_¿,dm-jn-Z, ]-tcXbm-b kpl-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: kmPn-Z, \mk¿, ssd-lm--\-Øv, im-ln-Z, kp¬-Øm-≥, kn-±oJv, an≥-lmPv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ap-lΩ-Zv F-∂ _m-h, ]m-ØpΩp, ssa-aq-\Øv.

a-¡-bn \n-cym-X-\m-bnIps©-Ån

hnem-kn-\n

ta-em-‰q¿: A-hn-hm-ln-X-bm-b bp-h-Xn-sb Bƒ-Xma-k-an-√m-Ø -ho-Sn-s‚ h-cm-¥-bn¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. sh-´-Øq¿ tX-e-°m-Sv A-c-°p-]-d-º≥ A-_p-hn-s‚ a-Iƒ k-ao-d (26) sb-bm-Wv A-b¬-]°-sØ Bƒ -Xm-a-k-an-√m-Ø-ho-Sn-s‚ h-cm-¥-bn¬ a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. C∂se cm-hn-se Ggn\m-Wv kw-`-hw. ta-em-‰q¿ t]m-eo-kv C≥-Iz-Ãv \-S-Øn-b ar-X-tZ-lw tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tImtf-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-ta¿-´w \-S-Øn-. amXm-hv-: -J-Zo-P, k-tlm-Z-c-߃-:-\m-k¿, d-lv-a-Øp-∂ok, j-d-^p-∂o-k.-

A-hn-sS \n∂v cm-hn-se H-º-tXmsS Xp-d-∂ hm-l-\-Øn¬ \-K-c-k`-bp-sS Su¨ lm-fn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿i-\-Øn-\v h®p. ]n-W-dm-bn hnPb-≥, tIm-Sn-tb-cn _m-e-Ir-jvW-≥, C ]n \m-cm-bW≥, ]n P-bcm-P≥, Fw hn P-b-cmP≥, ]n sI {io-aXn, sI sI ssie-P, a{¥n sI ]n tam-l\≥, {]-^. sI F k-c-f, hn hn Z-£n-Wm-aq¿Øn, Ffa-cw I-cow, ]n I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ Fw.]n, Fw kp-tc-{μ≥, kn.]n.sF. kwÿm-\ sk-{I´-dn ]-∂y≥ c-ho-{μ≥, kn F≥ N-{μ≥, kn ]n ap-cfn, F _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, ]pXp-°q-Sn {]-Zo]≥, kn ]n ssjP≥, _n.sP.]n tZio-b sk-{I´dn ]n sI Ir-jv-W-Zmkv, tIm¨{K-kv t\-Xm-°fm-b aº-dw Zn-hmI-c-≥, hn F \m-cm-bW≥, k-Pohv am-tdmfn, Fw ]n A-c-hn-μm-£-

≥, I-Æq¿ {]-kv¢-∫v {]-kn-U‚ v sI F≥ _m-_p, ]-{X-{]-h-¿-ØI bq-\n-b≥ kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰nbw-Kw kn ]n kp-tc-{μ≥, a{¥n kn F-≥ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥- Xp-Sßn-bh¿ ar-X-tZ-l-Øn¬ do-Øv k-a¿-∏n-®p. ap-kvenw eo-Kv t\-Xm-°fm-b AUz. sI F e-Øo^v, kn sI ]n a-Ωp F-∂n-hcpw B¿.F-kv.]n. afi-ew sk-{I´-dn kn-±o-Jv hen-b-I-Øv, sF.F≥.F¬. kwÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚ v F-kv F ]p-Xnb-h-f-∏n¬, I-S-∂-∏-≈n cm-a-N-{μ≥, Np-cym-bn N-{μ≥, sI sI P-b{]-Im-iv Xp-S-ßn-b-h-cpw A-t¥ym]-Nm-cw A¿-∏n-°m-s\-Øn. ]ctX-t\m-Sp-≈ B-Z-c-kq-N-I-ambn X-e-t»cn, Iq-Øp-]d-ºv \-K\m-cm-bW-s‚ ar-X-tZ-l-Øn-¬ kn.]n.Fw. kwÿm-\ sk-{I´-dn ]n-W-dm-bn hn-P-b≥ ck-`m ]-cn-[n-I-fn¬ C∂-se l¿- C A¥n-tam-]-Nm-cw A¿-∏n-°p∂p Øm¬ B-N-cn®p.

sIm-t≠m-´n: Ip-dp-∏-Øv ]-tcX-\m-b I-t∏-S-Øv Ip-gn-bn¬ Ip-™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS a-I≥ j-ao¿ A-en (35) lr-Zbm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-°-bn¬- \ncym-X-\m-bn. am-Xm-hv: J-Zo-P°p-´n. `m-cy: kp-_o-\. a-I≥: ip--ssl¬. k-tlm-Z-c-ß-ƒ: Ip--™m-e≥-Ip-´n-(Pn-±), k-^nb. J-_-d-S-°w a-°-bn-¬ \-S°pw.

tjm-t¡ävv hnZymÀYn\n acn-¨p

]pXp-s]m-∂m\n: ho-´p-hf∏n-se tamt´m¿ sj-Õn¬ \n∂v tjm-t°‰v hnZym-¿Yn\n a-cn-®p. ]pXp-s]m-∂m\n Fw.sF tK-ƒkv lb¿ sk°≥Udn k-vIq--ƒ πkv Sp lypam\n-‰o-kv c≠mw h¿j hn-Zym¿Yn-\n ]m--e° -- ¬ A-–p√-°p-´nbp-sS aIƒ \njm-\(17) bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. am-Xm-hv: \^o-kp. k tlm-Zc-߃: \n-jm-Zv, \m-kn-d. t]mÃvtam¿´-Øn\v ti-jw arXtZlw C∂v cm-hnse ]pXp-s]m-∂m\n sslt{Zmkv ]≈n-bn¬ J_-d-S-°pw.

Kp-Uvkv Hm-t«m-bn-Sn-¨v ]-cn-t¡-ä-bmÄ a-cn¨p

A-tØmfn: A-©p-am-kw ap-ºv Kp-Uvkv Hm-t´m-bn-Sn®p ]-cn-t°-‰v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂-bmƒ a-cn®p. A-tØm-fn Ip-S°√v ]-Sn-™md-°-c \m-cm-b-W≥(55)B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ am¿-®v 19\m-Wv A-]ISw \-S-∂Xv. tPm-en I-gn-™v ho-´n-te-°p \-S∂pt]mI-sh cm{Xn G-tgm-sS A-tØm-fn s]-t{Smƒ-]ºn-\p--k-ao-]w Kp-Uvkv Hm-t´m-bn-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. C-Sn-® Hmt´m \n¿-Øm-sX t]m-bn. A-]I-Sw \-S-∂ DS-s\ A-t_m-[m-h-ÿ-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ \m-cm-bWs\ tIm-gn-t°m-s´ kz-Im-cym-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in∏n-®n-cp-s∂-¶nepw t_m-[w Xn-cn-®p-In-´n-bn-cp-∂n√. `mcy: kp-\n-X. a°ƒ: k-\qPv, A-\q-Pv.

amXm-hn-s\ sImÃm³ {i-an-¨ ]n-Xm-hn-s\ a-I³ A-Sn-¨psIm-¶p I√-d: a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ am-X-hns\ sIm√m≥ {ian-® ]n-Xm-hn-s\ bp-hmhv X-Sn-°j-Ww sIm-≠v A-Sn-®psIm-∂p. `-c-X-∂q¿ ssa-e-aq-Sv th-e≥-ap°v k-Xy-aw-Ke-Øv ho-´n¬ kp-`m-jv t_m-kv (41) BWv I-gn-™ Znh-kw cm{Xn sIm√s∏-´Xv. {]Xn kp-[o-jv(19)s\ t]men-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-SpØp. \n-ch-[n tI-kp-Ifn¬ {]-Xn-bpw ÿn-cw -aZy-]m-\n-bp-am-Wv a-cn-® kp-`m-jv. C-°-gn-™ hym--gm-g-vN D-®-bv-°m-Wv kw-`-h-ß-fp-sS XpS°w. a-Zy-]n-®v hn-´n-seØnb kp-`m-jv ho-´p-]- kp-`m-jv t_m-kv I-c-W-߃ \-in-∏n-°p∂-Xmbn a-Iƒ {ip-Xn Iq-en-th-e-bv-°v t]m-bn-cp∂ am-Xm-hv kn-‘p-hn-s\ t^m-Wn¬ hn-fn-®-dn-bn®p. Xp-S¿∂v kn-‘p-hpw a-I≥ kp-[o-jpw ho--´nseØn. C-Xn-\n-sS kp-`m-jpw a-I\pw X-Ωn¬ hmt°-‰hpw A-Sn-]n-Snbpw \-S-∂p. C-cp-h-scbpw ]n¥n-cn-∏n-°m≥ {i-an-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS kn-‘p-hn-s\ kp-`m-jv B-{I-an-°m≥ {i-an-®p. C-tXm-sS C-cphcpw A-Sp-Ø-ho-´n¬ A-`-bw-tXSn. cm-{Xn-bn¬ ho≠pw A-—\pw a-I-\pw X-Ωn¬ kw-L¿-j-ap≠m-hp-I-bpw kp-[o-jn-s‚ A-Sn-tb-‰v ho-Sn\v kao]-sØ Im-∏n a-c-®p-h-´n¬ kp-`m-jv ho-gpIbpw sNbvXp. a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ ho-W-Xm-Im-sa-∂v I-cpXn kp-[o-jv am-Xmhpw k-tlm-Z-cnbpw A`--bw tXSn-b ho-´n-te-°v t]mbn. ]p-e¿-s® ho-´n¬ a-Sßn-sb-Øn-b kn-‘p-hm-Wv a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ kp`m-jn-s\ I-≠Xv. C-bm-fp-sS A-{I-aw k-ln-°-h-øm-sX kp-[ojv A-Sp-Øn-sS ho-Sp-hn´v F-d-Wm-Ipf-sØ _mdn¬ tPmen-t\m-°n-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. A-Sp-ØnsS kp-`m-jn-s‚ B-{Ia-Ww k-ln-°m≥ I-gn-bmsX h-∂-tXm-sS aI-s\ kn-‘p -ho-´n-te-°v hn-fn®p-h-cp-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. \m-´p-Im¿ hn-h-c-a-dn-bn®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v In-fn-am-\q¿ kn.sF A-timI‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ t]m-en-kv kw-L-sa-Øn sX-fn-hp-Iƒ ti-J-cn®p. kp-[o-jv t]m-en-kv I-kv‰-Un-bn-em-Wv. kp-`m-jn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰vtam¿-´-Øn-\v ti--jw ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ kw-kv-I-cn®p.

]-Ýn-a-L-«w-: -_-ln-jv-I-c-Ww {]-Xn-]-£w ]p-\¸-cn-tim-[n-¡-W-w-þ ko-tdm a-e-_mÀ k-` Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]-›n-a-L-´- kw-c-£-W-Øn-s‚ a-d-hn¬ tI-c-f-Øn-se P-\-km-{μ-X-tb-dn-b 123 hnt√-Pp-Iƒ ]-cn-ÿn-Xn- Zp¿-_-e-{]-tZ-i-ß-fm-bn tI{μ-k¿-°m¿ {]-Jym-]n-°-s∏-Sm≥ H-cp-ßp-∂ ]-›mØ-e-Øn¬ ap-Jy-a-{¥n hn-fn-®p-tN¿-Øn-cn-°p-∂ k¿-h-I-£n-tbm-Kw _-ln-jv-I-cn-°m-\p-≈ {]-Xn-]£ Xo-cp-am-\w I-Sp-Ø A-\o-Xn-bpw P-\-h-©-\-bpam-sW-∂v ko-tdm a-e-_m¿ k-` A-ev-am-b I-Ωoj≥. ]-›n-a-L-´-Øn-se e-£-°-W-°n-\v P-\-߃ t\-cn-Sp-∂ Cu {]-iv-\-Øn¬ I-£n-cm-jv-{So-b-Øn-\Xo-X-am-bn Iq-´m-b Nn-¥-bpw k-a-hm-b-hpw A-\n-hmcy-am-Wv. ap-Jy-a-{¥n hn-fn-®p-tN¿-Øn-cn-°p-∂ k¿h-I-£n-tbm-K-Øn¬ F-√m cm-jv-{So-b t\-Xr-Xz-ßfpw k-∂-≤-kw-L-S-\-I-fpw k-l-I-cn-°-Ww. P-\ß-tfm-Spw P-\-Io-b-{]-iv-\-ß-tfm-Spw A-flm¿-Y-Xbp-s≠-¶n¬ k¿-h-I-£n-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ \n-∂v amdn-\n¬-°p-sa-∂ Xo-cp-am-\w {]-Xn-]-£w ]p-\∏-cntim-[n-°-W-sa-∂v A-ev-am-b I-Ωo-j≥ sk-{I-´-dn A-Uz. hn -kn -sk-_m-Ãy≥ A-`y¿-Yn-®p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

KOCHI

19 H-IvtSm-_¿ 2013 i\n

sIm-ssS-¡-\m-Â A-]-I-Sw: \-Zo-d-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw J-_-d-S-¡n tUm. Fw ]n tIm-c

tPm-k-^v

Aen-bmÀ

G-en-iz

hn-em-kn-\n-b-½

tIm-X-awK-ew: \-K-cØn-se B-Zy Fw-._n._n.F-kv. tUm-Œdpw Fw.-_n-.F. -\-gv-kn-Mv tlmw ÿm-]-I-\p-am-b a-‰-a-\ -h-en-b-ho-´n¬ tUm. Fw ]n tIm-c(88).kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p D®-bv°v 2\p am¿-tXm-a≥sN-dn-b-]-f-fn- sk-antØcnbn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b A∂Ω. a-°ƒ: tUm.t]mƒ- tImc (A-kn. s{]-^. sIm®n- sa-Un°¬- tIm-fPv),tUm-fn(s^bv-Øv- A°mZ-an, \yq-U¬-ln) tPm-fn, t]m-fn, sF-k°vtIm-c (Fw-._n-.Fw.- CeIv-{Sn-°¬-kv, tIm-XawK-ew). a-cp-a-°ƒ: tUm. sk-dn≥-t]mƒ(tP-°-_v- sa-tΩm-dn-b¬ s]-cp-ºm-hq¿), tPmk^v ]p-Øq-cm≥ (F-UvPvsh-b¿- sS-°-t\m-f-Pn, \yq-U¬-ln), Sn- ]n tPmkv Xp-cp-Øp-Ωm-en¬- (dn´. sI.F-k.vC._n-. F©n-\o-b¿), A-Uz.tPm¿Pv Ip-cphn-f tIm-e-t©cn, sa-do-\- sFk-°v.

s]cp-ºS-∏v: Ip-d-∏-ti-cn H-ut-- k-∏ns‚ a-I≥ tPmk^v(86). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p s]-cp-ºS-∏v km¥m-{Iq-kv N¿-®v skantØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: tPmbn, jo-e, ko-\, km_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-j, B‚Wn, Ip™p-tam≥, enkn.

tIm-X-aw-Kew: ]-co°Æn Ip-‰w-th-en Ip-´p߬ A-en-bm¿(84). J_-dS-°w \-SØn. `m-cy: JZo-P, Ip-‰w-th-en In-fntb-en¬ Ip-Spw-_mwKw. a°ƒ: ]m-Øp-Ω, ap-lΩZv, P-aoe, sF-j, Pam¬, kmP¿, A-∫mkv. a-cp-a°ƒ: B-an-\, Aen, C-{_m-lnw, ssee, kpl-d, sse-e, ]-tcX\m-b A-en-bm¿.

sN-dn-b-Im-hv: F-gp-am≥Øp-cp-Øn¬ a¿-t°m-kns‚ `m-cy G-eo-izm(81). kw-kv-Im-cw ssh-Io-´v aq∂v a-Wn-°v sk‚ v tPmk-^v-kv sN-dn-b-IS-hv ]≈n- sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ: tPm-k^v, ^ntem-an-\, tdm°n, s]{Sojy, tPm¿Pv, sS n, enkn. a-cp-a°ƒ: PnPn, tPm-k^v, _o-\, tPmbn, sP-bvkn, kmPp, B‚Wn.

-acSv: Ip-≠-∂q¿ sF-Iyc- ho-´n¬- ]-tc-X\m-b inhi-¶-c ta-t\m-s‚ `m-cy I-tS-°p-gn hn-em-kn-\n-bΩ(87). kw-kv-Im-cw \SØn. a°ƒ: P-b-{io, Ip-amcn, tKm-]-Ip-am¿. acp-a°ƒ: tam-l≥ tat\m≥, th-WptKm-]m¬, kp-ja.

l-_o-_p-Å sIm-√w: ]-≈n-ap-°v d-Po\ ^p-Sv-sh-b¿ D-S-a h-St°-hn-f a-W-°m-Sv {Ik‚ v \-K¿-˛80 sN-dn-b-gnI-Øv ho-´n¬ lm-Pn Fw l-_o-_p-≈(74). J-_-dS-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v sIm-√q¿-hn-f ap-kv-enw Pam-A-Øv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬. `m-cy: kp-ss_-Zm_o-hn. a-°ƒ: \p-Pp-ap±o≥, \n-km-ap-±o≥(k-uZn), \u-jm-Zv, \-hm-kv, \m-kn-ap-±o≥(k-u-Zn). acp-a-°ƒ: l-ko-\, \p-Ppa, t_-\-ko¿, H-ko-e, kn-\n-bm.

c-ho-{µ³ Hm-a-t»cn: ]-Sn-™m-sd ]p-c-bv-°¬ c-ho-{μ≥(chn 57).

tZhn C-cn´n: h-≈n-tØm-s´ hm-g-bn¬ tI°-≠n tZhn (79). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tcX\mb tKm-]me≥. a°ƒ: imc-Z, im-¥, kXn, kp-aXn. a-cpa°ƒ: Ip-™n-cm-a≥, hn-Pb≥, ]-tc-X\mb tKm-hn-μ≥.

Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xn-lmPn t]-cm{º: Im-b-Æ-bnse X-t≠m-d ]-dº-Øv Ip-™n-sam-bv-Xn-lmPn(78). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbmb DΩ-ø. a°ƒ: B-an\, \-^o-k, ssk\-_, ap-l-ΩZv, ap-kv-X-^(Ipssh-Øv).

cm-a³-Ip-«n-\mbÀ t]-cm{º: ]q\-sØ hmg-bn¬ cm-a≥-Ip-´n-\mb¿(62). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbmb c-aWn. aI≥: c-\ojv.

\_okp s]-cn-ß-Øq¿: ]p-fn-b\{ºw aq-∂-ßm-Sn-bn-se ssk-Z‚hn-S \-_o-kp (56). `¿-Øm-hv: apw-ss_bnse ap-≥ hym-]m-cnbpw ko-°n-Mv {Sm-h¬ D-S-a-bpam-bn-cp-∂ F-kv aq-k. a°ƒ: jm-\-hm-kv, klqZv , A≥-h¿ km-ZØv , ssj-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: keow, j-ao-e

sIm-¨-¸³

]dhq¿:\-¥ym-´p-Ip-∂w I-cnb-Øv A-ºm-´p-ho´n¬ ]-tc-Xbm-b k-cfmtZ-hn-bp-sS `¿-Øm-hv Xcp-hm-¶p-fw ln¬-∏me-kv ]-d-∏-≈n-ho-´n-¬ ]n- sI sIm-®-∏≥(77) a-°-ƒ: hn-t\m-Zv- sIm®∏≥, am-bm cm-tP-jv (sNss∂). a-cp-a°ƒ: tUm. im-en-\n hn-t\mZv, s]m-¶-½-b-½ cm-tP-jv N-{μ≥. kw-kvIp-≠-d: t]-c-bw tXm-´pw- Im-cw 11 a-Wn-°v ]-d-hq¿ I-tcm-´p ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\-¥ym-´p-Ip-∂w A-Øm\m-b X-¶-∏≥-]n-≈-bpWn-°v k-ao-]-ap-≈ ho-´psS `m-cy s]m-∂-Ω-b-Ω h-f-∏n¬. (86). a-°ƒ: _m-e≥-]n≈, ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-c-fn-[- Ip-ª-Ðpà lm-Pn IXncq¿: c≥-]n-≈, {io-I-WvT≥ \m-b¿ (K-h. {]- v Po-h- Np≠ßms∏mbn¬ \-°m-c≥, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p- CSbn-se]oSnI Ip-øcw), a-Wn-I-WvT≥-]n-≈ ≠n∏-≈n°p kao]w sI sI Ip-™-–p√ (A-en≥-Uv), iym-a-f-IplmPn (62). `mcy: lmam-cn (_n.-F-kv.-F≥.F¬. Po-h-\-°m-cn), c-a- Pnd, a°ƒ: Pkoe, Wn (A-¶-W-hm-Sn), C-μn- Pkv-ane. acp-a°ƒ: Akokv , c (A-¶-W-hm-Sn) a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-£v-an-°p-´n- \mk¿. b-Ω, ]-fl-Ip-am-cn-b-Ω, {io-tZ-hn-b-Ω, ssj-e-P, P-bv-k¬ Hm-a-t»cn: ]m-d-bv-°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a-N-{μ≥]-tc-X-\mb tbm-l-∂m]n-≈, N-{μ-ti-J-c≥-]ns‚ a-I≥ ]n ssh P-bv≈, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-c-hnk¨(30). μm-£≥-]n-≈. -

hn-tÎmdn-b ]u-temkv

a-dn-bm-½ -hÀ-Ko-kv

B-ep-h: Bep-h ]-t´-cn∏p-dw ]p-fn-°¬ ]u-temkv `m-cy hn-tŒm-dn-b (81). kw-kv-Im-cw \-SØn. a°ƒ: F¬- kn h¿Kokv, ]n ]n tPm¨, enkn tPmkv, jmPn. a-cpa°ƒ: h¿-Kokv, ta-cn tPm¨, tPm-k^v, kn‘p jm-Pn.

sIm®n: C-S-∏-f-fn-bn¬ ]m-d-bn¬- lu-kn¬ ]tc-X\m-b Im-\-d _m-¶v dn-´. D-tZym-Kÿ≥ h¿Ko-kn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bm-Ωh¿-Ko-kv (77). a-Iƒ:_o-\.

]rYzn-cm-Pv aÃÀ X-e-t»cn: ap-Ip-μv a√¿ tdm-Un-se km-bv \n-hmkn¬ F-kv ]rYzn-cm-Pv a√¿ (63). `m-cXo-b P-\kw-Lw X-e-t»-cn afiew J-Pm-©nbmbpw _n.sP.]n. X-e-t»-cn afi-ew J-Pm-©nbmbpw {]-h¿-Øn-®n´p≠v. `mcy: {]-`m a√¿. a°ƒ: {]o-X, {]-Xn-`. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse X-e-t»-cn-bn-se kapZm-b iv-a-im-\-Øn¬.

k-®n sP-bnwkv Hm-a-t»cn: D-≈m-´n¬ kÆn sP-bnw-kv(60). `mcy: dmWn. a°ƒ: B-jnIv, Bjvven.

Ip-ªn-]u-¡ a-Æq¿-sd-bn¬: A-IØm-bn-Ø-d ]-tc-X\m-b Ioc-s‚ `m-cy Ip-™n]u-°(78). a°ƒ: kp-μc≥, e£van, X¶w, ]-tc-X\m-b N-{μ-≥. a-cp-aI≥: cm-a≥.

Nm¯³

sIm-Sp-h≈n: Hm-a-t»-cn s]-cn-hn√n-bn¬ hS-s° s]m-bn¬ Nm-Ø≥(70). kn\m³ `mcy: tZ-hIn. X-Æo¿: Im-™n-c-Øm- a°ƒ: i-in , kp-Pm-X, Wn ]-d-º-Ømg-Øv jm- _n-μp. P-lm-s‚ a-I≥ kn-\m≥ a-cp-a°ƒ: cmP≥, hmkp. (8).

sIm-®n-: sIm-ssS-°-\m-en-¬ hn-t\m-Z-bm-{X t]m-b kw-Lw- k-©-cn-®n-cp-∂ sS-tºm- {Sm-h-e¿- a-dn-™va-cn-® I-eq¿- a-W-∏m-´n-∏-dºv- ]o-Un-tb-°¬- l-Joan-s‚ `m-cy- \-Zo-d (43)bpsS ar-X-tZ-lw J-_-d-S°n. C-∂-se cm-{Xn G-tgmsS I-eq¿ tXm-´-Øpw]-Snbn-ep-≈ h-k-Xn-bn-seØn-® ar-X-tZ-lw h≥ P\m-h-en-bp-sS km-∂n-[y-Øn¬ tXm-´-Øpw-]-Sn Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-kv-Ym-\n¬ cm-{Xn F-´p-a-Wn-tbmsS J-_-d-S-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ ]-cnt°-‰ 17 t]-sc F-d-Wm-Ip-fw sa-Un-°¬ {S-kv-‰v Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. c-≠pt]-cp-sS \n-e Kpcp-X-c-am-Wv. ]n Fw ap-l-Ω-Zv(21), ku-a ^m-Øn-a (7), k-ao-d (34), jw-e (44), Ip-™p-tam≥ (37), ^-bdq-kv(33) F-∂n-h-sc C‚≥-ko-hv sI-b¿ bq-\n-‰n-epw s\-kv-en≥ (20), A-\o-kv(24),j-l-\m-kv (20)v, ap-lΩ-Zv km-Znw (6),A-a¬ (22), sk-bv-Zv(16), C-ssj F∂n-h-sc A-Xy-ln-X hn-`m-K-Øn-epw {]-th-in-∏n-®p. P-kv-\ (19), P-kv-a¬ (9), sF-j-°p-™v, jw-kp-±o≥ (41) F-∂n-h-sc B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-®n-s®-¶nepw J-_-d-S-° N-S-ßn¬ ]-s¶-Sp-t°-≠-Xp-≈-Xn\m¬ X¬-°m-ew hn-´-b-®p. _p-[-\m-gv-N ssh-In-´v- \m-epa-Wn-tbm-sS-bm-Wvl-Jo-apw- Ip-Spw-_mw-K-ß-fp-a-S-ßn-b C-cp-]-sØm∂w-K kw-Lw- -I-eq-cn¬ \n-∂pw sIm-ssS-I-\m-ente-°p bm-{X Xn-cn-®-Xv.- sIm-ssS-°-\m¬ k-μ¿-i\w I-gn-™v Xn-cn-®p h-Ø-e-°p-≠v `m-K-tØ-°v hcp-tºmƒ s]-cp-amƒ a-e-°pw kn¬-h¿ ^mƒ-kn-\pw C-S-°p-≈ kv-Y-e-Øv hym-gm-gv-N ssh-Io´v- B-tdm-sSbm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Hm-´-Øn¬ \n-b-{¥-Ww \-jvS-s∏-´ hm-l-\w k-ao-]-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂ `n-Øn-I-fn¬ X-´n-b ti-jw Xm-tg-°p ]-Xn-s®-¶n-epw a-c-Øn¬ Xßn \n-∂-Xn-\m¬ h≥ Zp-c-¥w H-gn-hm-bn. A-]-I-SØn¬ {Sm-h-e¿ ]p¿-W-am-bpw X-I¿-∂p.\n-b-{¥Ww hn-´ {Sm-h-e¿ 30 A-Sn-tbm-fw Xm-gv-N-bn-te-°v adn-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. C-S-∏-≈n- tN-cm-\-√q¿ kz-tZ-inbp-tS-Xm-Wv {Sm-h-e¿.

s{S-bn³ X-«n hn-Zym-À-Yn a-cn-¨p ]n Fkv ImÀ¯n-tI-b³ ssh°w: Ahn`‡ IΩyqWnÃv ]m¿´nbpsS ssh°sØ BZyIme t\Xmhpw, I¿jIsØmgnemfn bq\nb≥ sk{I´dnbpambncp∂ ssh°w t]mfticn C√n°¬ ]n Fkv Im¿ØntIb≥ (68) . AkpJsØØpS¿∂v FdWmIpfw eq¿Zv Bip]{Xnbn¬ NnIn¬kbnembncp∂p. kwkvImc®Sßn¬ kn.]n.Fw. t\Xm°fmb ssh°w hniz≥, ]n sI lcnIpam¿, Pn√m-sk-{I´dn sI sP tXmakv, sI. APnØv Fw.F¬.F, ap\nkn∏¬ sNb¿t]gvk¨ {ioeXm _me-N{μ≥ F∂nh¿ kw_‘n®p. `mcy: `m¿Khn. a°ƒ: Im¿ØntIb≥, hnt\mZv, kp¿PnØv (kzn‰vk¿e‚ v), kpIvkmtamƒ. acpaI≥: kptcjv (t]menkv tIm¨k‰_nƒ).

am-[-hn

B-en

t{X-kym-¡p-«n

kn-²o-Jv

ap-l-½-Zp-®n lm-Pn

I-eym-Wn

Pm-\-In

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: Xn-cp-h-{X ]tc-X-\m-b am-sº-‰ A-∏pÆn `m-cy am-[-hn(80). a°ƒ: N-{μ≥, kp-{_≥, Zn-hm-I-c≥, kp-[m-I-c≥, hn-P-b≥, i-Ip-¥-f. a-cpa-°ƒ: a-t\m-l-c≥, imc-Z, cp-‹nWn, D-j, N-{μmh-Xn, ]-tc-X-bm-b I-aep.

Nm-h-°m-Sv: Xn-cp-h-{X Ip-t©-cn sh-´n-°m-´n¬ B-en (72). `m-cy: Ip™n-tamƒ. a-°ƒ: A–p¬ \m-k¿, A-–p¬P-∫m¿ (c-≠p-t]-cpw A_p-Zm-_n), ku-Z, km-PnX, \-Zo-d, Zm-^n-b, ssk^p-∂n-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _jo¿, D-kv-am≥, e-Øo-^v, \m-kn¿, l-\o-^, si-anP, ko-\-Øv-, d-Po-\.

sN-ºp-ap-°v: N-Ω-Wntbm-S-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm¨ `m-cy t{X-kym°p-´n (76). a-°ƒ: F¬kn, ta-cn, ]-b-kv, B-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: F F-Iv-kv am-Xyp(Nn-‰q¿), tPm-Wn, dm-Wn, tPm¨-

Nm-h-°m-Sv: H-cp-a-\-bq¿ X-߃-]-Sn \m-e-I-Øv Ip-dp-h-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb sam-bv-Xp-Æn-bp-sS aI≥ kn-≤o-J v(52). sI.]n.kn.kn. hn-Nm¬ hn-`m-Kv H-cp-a-\-bq¿ afi-ew sN-b¿-am-\m-bncp-∂p. `m-cy: _¬-°o-kv. a-°ƒ: \-hm-^v, \-Pm-Zv, X-em¬.

Nm-h-°m-Sv: H-cp-a-\-bq¿ sX-t°-X-e-°¬ ]-≈n°-Sp-Øv F-S-°-gn-bq¿ h´w-]-d-ºn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zp-Æn lm-Pn (66). `m-cy: B-an-\Ip-´n. a-°ƒ: k-Po¿(A_q-Zm-_n), sse-e, k-do\, A-d-^. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ka-cn-ø, A-j-d-^v, A-j-d^v (A-_q-Zm-_n), sj^o¿.

]-d-∏q¿: t]m-t∂m¿ Nmgn-Ip-fw ]-tc-X-\m-b {]`m-I-c-s‚ `m-cy Pm-\In(59). a-°ƒ: kn-‘p, ssj-\n. a-cp-a-I≥: kptc-jv.

Ip-ªp½³ Ip-cp-hnf

tPmÀ-Öv

Xn-cph√: Nm-ض-cn amen-t»-cn¬ Ip-dp-h-Sn-b¬ Ip-™-pΩ≥ Ip-cp-hn-f (Ip-™p sN-dp-°≥˛86). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf D®°v c-≠n\v s\-Sp{ºw tKm-kv-]¬ sk‚¿ k`m sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: ]-tc-Xbm-b AΩnWn. a°ƒ: eo-em-Ω,t__n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶-®≥ , tPmkv.

Fcp-taen: I\-I-∏ew sNdp-]m-d-tbØv kn Fw tPm¿÷v (Ip-™pIp-´n˛83). kwkvImcw \msf 3\v. `mcy: kmdmΩ, sIm®n-bn¬ IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a°ƒ: s]m∂-®≥, _m_p, tamfn, an\n. acp-a-°ƒ: im¥Ω, sP n, sIm®p-tam≥, PK-Zojv.

]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: sN-dmbn Np-≈n-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b \m-cm-b-W-s‚ `mcy I-eym-Wn (75). a°ƒ: A-tim-I≥, a-WnI-WvT≥ (a-kv-I-Øv), th-Wp, in-h-Zm-k≥ (Km¿-s\-‰v ssS-te-gv-kv, X-߃-∏-Sn), Iu-k-ey, A-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip™p-Æn, kp-tc-jv, ssje-P, ssj-\n, en-Pn, kPn-X.

{]-k-¶-Ip-am-c³ \mbÀ Im-´m°-S: Ip-f-Øp-Ω¬ {]-im-¥n¬ {]-k-∂-Ipam-c≥ \m-b¿ (63). `mcy: h-k-¥-Ip-am-cn A-Ω.

Ip-≠-d: X-f-hq¿-t°mWw a-\-¶-c-ho-´n¬ c-amtZ-hn(61). a-°ƒ: ss_Pp, c-ho-jv, a-\p.-hn. \mb¿. a-cp-a-Iƒ: hn-Zy. -

s]m≥-Ip-∂w: sX-t°Øp-I-h-e tIm-bn-∏p-dØv ]-tc-X-\m-b sI ]n X-¶-∏≥-\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Fw B¿ N-{μ-Ip-am-cn-bΩ (62˛ dn-´. k-_v-Un-hnj≥ F≥-Pn-\o-b¿ _n.F-kv.F≥.F¬. s]m≥-Ip-∂w). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v c≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. ]tc-X hm-gq¿ I-S-hpw-Ipt∂¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a°ƒ: A-Pn-Xvem¬, ARv-P-en Sn \m-b¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: tKm-]-Ip-am¿, [\y.

]m-¯p sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: ]p-√q-‰v Nm-∏m-d s]m-∂-º-Øv ]tc-X-\m-b sk-bv-Xp-ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ `m-cy ]mØp(83). a-°ƒ: kp-sse-am≥, Pao-e, d-kn-b, \m-k¿, P∫m¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, A–p¬ k-emw, A-–pdln-am≥- Ip-´n, \q-dp-\n-k, sse-e.

tPmk-^v tXm-a-kv ]mem: Rm-h-≈n¬ sXt°¬ tPmk-^v tXm-akv (tPm-fn˛dn-´. Fkv._n.Sn. am-t\-P¿˛61). `mcy: sU-bv-kn. a°ƒ: kpan, A\p. a-cp-a°ƒ: tdm-_n≥ amXyp, tdm-_n≥ tPmkv.

sam-bv-Xo³-tIm-b

^n-tem-an-\ cm-P-]p-cw: ]-Sp-∏v ]p-fn¶m-e-bn¬ A-{_-lm-ans‚ `m-cy ^n-tem-an-\ (54). a-°ƒ: jn-\n, jnt\m-bv, jn-tPm. a-cp-a°ƒ: sP-bv-tam≥ sIm®p-I-tcm-´v, A-\-y-tamƒ.

_m-ep-t»cn: In-\m-eq¿ I√n-Sp-°n¬ sam-bvXo≥-tIm-b(70). `mcy: C-ºn-®n B-bn-i. a°ƒ: A-≥-h¿, ko-\]-¡À-Ip-«n-lm-Pn Øv, kp-\o-¿. a-cp-a°-ƒ: Xm-a-c-t»-cn: A-Sn-hm-cw km-Pn-Z, kn-±o-Jv, j-_v- Ip-Sp-°n¬-s]m-bn¬ ]°¿-Ip-´n-lm-Pn(87). \. `mcy: IZo-P. a-°ƒ:A–p¬ a-Po-Zv, A-–p¬ {io-a-Xn tNf-∂q¿: Im-´n¬-]o-Sn- \m-k¿, A-bap, A-jv-dI-bn¬ sI ]n {ioa-Xn ^vv , A-–p¬d-joZv _n(66). a°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b ®n , ^mØna , dw-e, kokm-ln-Zv Ip-am¿, kp\-Øv . a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-en, \n¬-Ip-am¿ , k-t¥m-jv ss^-k¬, A-–p¬ Ip-am¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: hnPJmZ¿, k-^n-b, P-ao-e, b, e-Xn-I, ss\-\. j-ao-\, km-Pn-Z, A-ao-\.

c-am-tZ-hn

N-{µ-Ip-am-cn-b-½

ap-l-½-Zv Im-knw I-g-°q-´w: tXm-∂-bv°¬- `q-Xm-\-tIm-f-\nB-_n-Zm-a≥-kn¬ ap-lΩ-Zv- Im-knw (78). -`m-cy-: dw-em-_o-hn.- a-°ƒ: Ako-\m-_o-hn, A-ko-kv, A-ko-Xm-_o-hn, Akow, B-_n-Zm-_o-hn, B-cn-^-_o-hn, A-∫mkv, A-^p-em-_o-hn, Bjn-°v- lp-ssk≥, B-an\, A-j-d-^p-±o≥.- a-cp-a°-ƒ: -a¿-lpw ap-l-Ω-Zvkm-en, l-b-dp-\n-k, lmjn-ap-±o≥, -s\-ko-a, K^q¿, A≥-km-cn, km-Pn\, -P-eo¬, A-ao-\ -Bjn-°v, \n- mw, jm-\n^.-

X¦¸³ sh-™m-d-aqSv: ssX°m-Sv hn-im-J-Øn¬ X¶-∏≥ (72).

sI.Fw.kn.kn. Pn-±-þ-I-®qÀ Pn-Ãm I-½-nän P-\-d sk-{I-«-dn- \ncym-X-\mbn Pn-±: sI.Fw.kn.kn. Pn-±-˛I -- -Æq¿ Pn-√m I-Ω‰n P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dnbpw ku--Zn \m-j-W¬ l-÷v sk¬ h-f-≠nb¿ P-\-d¬ Iy-]v-‰-\pam-b D-a¿ A-cn-∏m-{ºbp-sS ]n-Xm-hv I-√-SØv C-{_m-lnw (85) \ncym-X-\m-bn. hm¿-[-Iy k-l-Pam--b A-kp-J-Øm¬ Nn- I n- ¬ - k - b n- e m- b n- c p∂p. sh-≈n-bm-gv-® ]pe¿-s® I-Æq¿ A-cn-∏m{º-bn-se ho-´n-em-bn-cp∂p A-¥yw. ^m-Xzn-a, dw-e, D-a¿ (Pn-±) a°ƒ, ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip™n, A-–p-≈, l-^vk-Øv (Pm-am-Xm-°-ƒ). ]-tc-X-s‚ \n-cymW-Øn¬ sI Fw kn kn ku-Zn \m-j-W¬ I-Ω-‰n {]-kn-U‚ v sI. ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-´n, P-\d¬ sk-{I-´-dn A-jv-d^v th-ßm-Sv, ku-Zn l÷v sk¬ I¨-ho-\¿ P-am¬ h-´-s∏m-bn¬, Pn-± sk≥-{S¬ I-Ω-‰n {]-kn-U‚ v A-l-a-Zv ]m-f-bm-´v, sk-{I-´-dn A-_q-_-°¿ A-cn-{º,

{S-j-d¿ A≥-h¿ tN-css¶, ssh-kv {]-knU‚ v F-kv F¬ ]n apl-Ω-Zv Ip-™n, \nkmw a-ºm-Sv , I-Æq¿ Pn-√m I-Ω-‰n {]-knU‚ v ]m--te-cn A-–p-

a-Ãn-I

sam-bv-Xp

cm-tP-{µ³ \m-bÀ

]u-tem-kv

\mkÀ

t__n

A-¥n-°m-Sv: ap-‰n-®q¿ Ddp-ºn¬ _m-e≥ `m-cy a√n-I(61). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 10\v.

F-S-Øn-cp-Øn: Iq-´-aw-Kew A-d-°-ho-´n¬ sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n a-I≥ sam-bvXp(78).`m-cy: sIm-®m-an\. a-°ƒ: sj-°o¿, sj°o-e, jm-Pn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: dw-e,bq-k-^v, aqk.

Nm-e-°p-Sn: ap-cp-ßq¿ CS-ap-f cm-tP-{μ≥ \mb¿(65). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 9.30\v Nm-e°p-Sn \-K-c-k-` s]mXpiva-im\Øn¬. `m-cy: hnt\m-Zn-\n. a-°ƒ: tc-J, cLp, c-Xo-jv. a-cp-a-I≥: _n-Pp.

h-S°≥]-d-hq¿: ssIXm-cw- hm-fq-cv ]u-tem-kv (65). `m-cy:a-dn-bm-Ω. a-°ƒ: kn-Pp, kn-t\m-P,vkn-Pn-, kn\n a-cp-a-°-ƒ:Um-en-b, IÆ≥, Pn-_n.

sNß-fw: th-en-°I-Øv ho-´n¬ \m-k¿(52). J-_dS-°w \-SØn. `m-cy:Ppss_-cn-bØv. a-°ƒ:Pm^¿,Pm-kv-an≥,Pm-cnbØv. a-cp-a-°ƒ:jm-ane, kzm-enlv, ap-Po-_v- dlvam≥.

Fcp-taen: t]cq¿tXmSv Icp-ºn¬ t__n sI sP (51). kwkvImcw C∂v 10\v s{]mt∏mkv sk‚ v tPmk^kv ]≈n- ska-tØcnbn¬. `mcy: Ip™p-tamƒ. a°ƒ: _nPn, _n\p.

shų

ap-cp-I³ C-S-°p∂w: h-´-°pt∂¬ ]-tc-X\m-b sN√-∏≥ B-Nm-cn-bp-sS a-I≥ Fw kn ap-cp-I≥ (45˛]-\-bv-°¬ Pq-he-dn Im-™n-c-∏-≈n) . kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cmhn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `mcy: P-e-P, ]-Ø-\w-Xn´ ]-d-º-\m-´v Ip-Spw_mwKw. a°ƒ: P-e-P, A-Jn¬, A-RvP\.

kp-sse-lm _o-hn

G-en-¡p-«n

P-\mÀ-±-\-]n-Å

≈ Xp-S-ßn-b¿ A-Âtim-N-\w tc-J-s∏-SpØn. kw-ÿm-\ ap-kvenw eo-Kv ssh-kv {]kn-U‚ v hn. sI A–p¬ Jm-Z¿ au-e-hn, I-Æq¿ Pn-√m ap-kv-enw eo-Kv sk-{I-´-dn C-{_mlow Ip-´n Xn-cp-h-´q-¿ Pn-√m ap-kv-enw eo-Kv {Sj-¿ hn. ]n h-º≥ Xp-Sßn-b-h¿ ho-Sv k-μ¿in-®p.

`-c-X-∂q¿: I-cn-ß-S KoXm-`-h-\n¬ P-\m¿-±-\ ]n≈ (82). `m-cy: X¶-Ω. a°ƒ: Ko-X (^m¿-a-knÃv), {ioe-Xm cmPv (A[ym]nI), kp-`mjv (KoXm sS-Iv-Ã-bn¬-kv, eXm-tÃm¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ (k-_v cPn-kv-{Sm¿), cm-tP-{μ≥ \mb¿ (Fkv.sF.˛t]men-kv B-ÿm-\w), cq-] (^m¿-a-kn-Ãv).

_-jo-À Im-´m°-S: In-≈n ko-\ a≥-kn-en¬ _-jo¿ (48) `m-cy: ko-\Øv. J_-dS-°w C-∂v cmhnse.

{io-[-c³ \mbÀ ssI-X-ap-°v: ssI-X-ap°v B-\-°p-gn sse-\n¬ Fw.B¿.F˛ aq-∂n¬ {io \n-e-b-Øn¬ sdbn¬-th D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ {io-[-c≥ \m-b¿ (57).

tZ-h-In I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: I-t√-en`m-Kw \-co-©n tIm-f-\nbn¬ sIm-®p \m-W-hns‚ `m-cy tZ-h-In(59). a°ƒ: {]-km-Zv, hn-t\m-Zv, h-k-¥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\nX, kp-Pn-X, kp-tc-jv.

tZ-h-In N-h-d: Ip-f-ß-c-`m-Kw F-kv hn `-h-\n¬ tZ-hIn(95). a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b kp-μ-tc-i≥, kpaw-K-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h-kp‘-c, hm-kp-tZ-h≥.

Ipªp-Ip-«nb-½ sN-ß-∂q¿: s]-Æp-°-c sX-°v ]p-t∂m-en¬ ]-tcX\m-b i-¶-c-°p-dp-∏ns‚ `m-cy Ip-™p-Ip-´n-bΩ (87). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D®bv-°v c-≠n-\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬.

I¬-]-Øq¿: ap-bn-t∏mØv F-S-t®-cn-®m-en¬ sh-≈≥(80). `mcy: ]-dmbn. a°ƒ: Pm-\In, Ia-e, IeymWn, kp-tcjv, do-\, kp\n, kp-\n-X, _nμp, kp-[o-jv(AUz. tIm-gnt°m-Sv). a-cp-a°ƒ: A-cpW≥, bap-\, th-em-bp[≥, {]Imi≥, ]-tc-X\m-b i¶c≥.

APn-X-Ip-amcn tImh-fw: sI F-kv tdmUv ap-´-bv-°m-Sv APn-X `h-\n¬ cm-Pp-hn-s‚ `m-cy A-Pn-X-Ip-am-cn (50). a°ƒ: c-Pn-X, \n-In-Xm cmPv, Pn-Pn≥ cmPv. a-cp-a°ƒ: jn_n, cm-Pohv.

tIm-´-¶¬: ]-tc-X-\m-b X-ºn dm-hp-Ø-dp-sS `m-cy Ip-f-bm-¶n-gn-bn¬ kpsse-lm _o-hn (102). J_-d-S-°w C-∂v D-®-bv°v 12\v tIm-´-¶¬ ap-kv-enw P-am-A-Øv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬. a-°ƒ: lm-Pn apl-Ω-Zv Jm≥ dm-hp-Ø¿, A-en dm-hp-Ø¿, C-{_mlnw dm-hp-Ø¿, lpssk≥ dm-hp-Ø¿, Jmknw dm-hp-Ø¿, C-kmJm≥, ^m-Øn-a _o-hn, \Scm-P³ B-Nmcn \-_o-k _o-hn, ssk-\hn-Xp-c: ta-a-e X-Æn°pf-Øp ho-´n¬ \-S-cm- _- _o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A–p¬-Jm-Z¿, ssk-\pP≥ B-Nm-cn (80). ±o≥ dm-hp-Ø¿, A-–p¬`mcy: k-c-kz-Xn AJm-Z¿ dm-hp-Ø¿, ^mΩmƒ. Øn-a _o-hn, J-Zo-P _oa°ƒ: C-μn-c, Pe-P, hn, km-dm _o-hn, ko-\tam-l-\≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: cmP≥, kp-Ip- Øv _o-hn, jm-ln-Z, amc≥, a-Rv-Ppj. ssk-\-_.

apcn-°m-ticn: sh-´p-It√¬ am-Xyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n (79). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D-®-bv°v H-∂n-\p cm-P-]p-cw {In-kv-Xpcm-P ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]m-e N°mwIp-t∂¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ : tPm¿-Pv (^mŒv,Bep-h), tPm-k-^v, sse-k-Ω . a-cp-a°ƒ: en≥-kn, sdPn ]m-d-bv-°¬, Pm-\‰v.

kÔy sh-™m-d-aqSv: a-°mwtIm-Ww a-°mw-tImWØv ho-´n¬ i-¶-c-]n≈˛kpio-e Z-º-Xn-I-f-psS a-Iƒ k-‘y (36). k-tlm-Zc≥: k-t¥m-jvIp-am¿.

C \m-cm-bW-\v \m-Sn-sâ bm{Xm-sam-gn Xet»cn: {]ap-J k-l-Im-cn-bpw kn.]n.Fw. I-Æq¿ Pn√m I-Ωn-‰nbw-K-hpw d_vtIm sN-b¿-am-\pamb C \m-cm-b-W-\v \m-Sn-s‚ bm{Xsamgn. ar-X-tZ-lw ho\-kv P-Mv-j\n-se kn-‰n-sk‚-dn¬ {]-tXy-Iw k-÷o-I-cn-® ÿe-Øv C∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-tem-sS kw-kv-I-cn®p. a-teky-bnse Izm-em-ew-]q-cn¬ lr-Z-bm-LmX-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v A-¥-cn-® \m-cm-bWs‚ ar-X-tZlw C∂se s\-Sp-ºm-t»-cn hnam\Øm-h-f-Øn¬ F-Øn-®p. A-hnsS-\n∂v kn.]n.Fw. kwÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn ]n-W-dm-bn hn-P-b≥, t]m-fn-‰v _yqtdm AwKw tIm-Sntb-cn _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ F-∂n-h¿ G-‰p-hmßn-b ti-jw sh-fp-∏n\v 5.30Hm-sS kz-¥w hoSm-b a-Æ-bms´ k-l-Im-cn `-h-\n¬ F-Øn-®p.

A-hn-sS \n∂v cm-hn-se H-º-tXmsS Xp-d-∂ hm-l-\-Øn¬ \-K-c-k`-bp-sS Su¨ lm-fn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿i-\-Øn-\v h®p. ]n-W-dm-bn hnPb-≥, tIm-Sn-tb-cn _m-e-Ir-jvW-≥, C ]n \m-cm-bW≥, ]n P-bcm-P≥, Fw hn P-b-cmP≥, ]n sI {io-aXn, sI sI ssie-P, a{¥n sI ]n tam-l\≥, {]-^. sI F k-c-f, hn hn Z-£n-Wm-aq¿Øn, Ffa-cw I-cow, ]n I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ Fw.]n, Fw kp-tc-{μ≥, kn.]n.sF. kwÿm-\ sk-{I´-dn ]-∂y≥ c-ho-{μ≥, kn F≥ N-{μ≥, kn ]n ap-cfn, F _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, ]pXp-°q-Sn {]-Zo]≥, kn ]n ssjP≥, _n.sP.]n tZio-b sk-{I´dn ]n sI Ir-jv-W-Zmkv, tIm¨{K-kv t\-Xm-°fm-b aº-dw Zn-hmI-c-≥, hn F \m-cm-bW≥, k-Pohv am-tdmfn, Fw ]n A-c-hn-μm-£-

≥, I-Æq¿ {]-kv¢-∫v {]-kn-U‚ v sI F≥ _m-_p, ]-{X-{]-h-¿-ØI bq-\n-b≥ kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰nbw-Kw kn ]n kp-tc-{μ≥, a{¥n kn F-≥ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥- Xp-Sßn-bh¿ ar-X-tZ-l-Øn¬ do-Øv k-a¿-∏n-®p. ap-kvenw eo-Kv t\-Xm-°fm-b AUz. sI F e-Øo^v, kn sI ]n a-Ωp F-∂n-hcpw B¿.F-kv.]n. afi-ew sk-{I´-dn kn-±o-Jv hen-b-I-Øv, sF.F≥.F¬. kwÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚ v F-kv F ]p-Xnb-h-f-∏n¬, I-S-∂-∏-≈n cm-a-N-{μ≥, Np-cym-bn N-{μ≥, sI sI P-b{]-Im-iv Xp-S-ßn-b-h-cpw A-t¥ym]-Nm-cw A¿-∏n-°m-s\-Øn. ]ctX-t\m-Sp-≈ B-Z-c-kq-N-I-ambn X-e-t»cn, Iq-Øp-]d-ºv \-K\m-cm-bW-s‚ ar-X-tZ-l-Øn-¬ kn.]n.Fw. kwÿm-\ sk-{I´-dn ]n-W-dm-bn hn-P-b≥ ck-`m ]-cn-[n-I-fn¬ C∂-se l¿- C A¥n-tam-]-Nm-cw A¿-∏n-°p∂p Øm¬ B-N-cn®p.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: s\-√m-bn thm-t¶m-{X-bn¬ s{S-bn≥ X-´n hn-Zym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. ]p-√q¿ I-f-cn-bv-°¬ N-{μ-ti-J-cs‚ a-I≥ A-Jn¬(22) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N ]p-e¿-s® A-©n-\m-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. ]p-Xp-°m-Sv t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

ss_-¡pw Sn-¸À-tem-dn-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v A-`n-`m-j-I³ a-cn-¨p

l-cn-∏m-Sv: ss_-°pw Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v A-`n-`m-j-I≥ a-cn-®p. I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n B-Zn-\m-Sv sX°v am-cq¿ ho-´n¬ A-Uz. im-¥-Ip-am¿ (53) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11\v tZ-io-b-]m-X-bn¬ cma-]p-cw t£-{X-Øn-\v sX-°v-h-i-Øp h-®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. l-cn-∏m-S,v I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n _m-dp-I-fn¬ A-`n-`m-j-I-\m-Wv C-t±-lw. l-cn-∏m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv A-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. l-cn-∏mSv I-em-e-bw Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-b C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ c-≠v I-Æp-I-fpw Zm-\w sN-bv-Xp. i-h-kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-°pw. `mcy: tkm-Wn. a-°ƒ: A-e≥,A-eo-\. I-co-e-Ip-f-ßc t]m-eo-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn kzo-I-cn-®p.

amXm-hn-s\ sImÃm³ {i-an-¨ ]n-Xm-hn-s\ a-I³ A-Sn-¨p sIm-¶p I√-d: a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ am-X-hns\ sIm√m≥ {ian-® ]n-Xm-hn-s\ bp-hmhv X-Sn-°j-Ww sIm-≠v A-Sn-®p sIm-∂p. `-c-X-∂q¿ ssa-e-aq-Sv th-e≥-ap°v k-Xy-aw-Ke-Øv ho-´n¬ kp-`m-jv t_m-kv (41) s\-bm-Wv I-gn-™ Znh-kw cm{Xn sIm√s∏-´Xv. {]-Xn kp-[o-jv(19)s\ t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-seSp-Øp. \n-ch-[n tI-kp-I-fn¬ {]-Xn-bpw ÿn-cw a-Zy-]m-\n-bp-am-Wv acn-® kp-`m-jv. C-°-gn™ hym--gym-g-v N D-®bv-°m-Wv kw-`-h-ßfp-sS XpS-°w. a-Zy-]n®v hn-´n-se-Ønb kp`m-jv ho-´p-]-I-c-W߃ \-in-∏n-°p-∂Xmbn a-Iƒ {ip-Xn Iqen-th-e-bv-°v t]m-bncp-∂ am-Xm-hv kn-‘phn-s\ t^m-Wn¬ hnfn-®-dn-bn-®p. Xp-S¿∂v kp-`m-jv t_m-kv kn-‘p-hpw a-I≥ kp[o-jpw ho--´n-seØn. C-Xn-\n-sS kp-`m-jpw aI\pw X-Ωn¬ hm-t°-‰hpw A-Sn-]n-Snbpw \-S-∂p. C-cp-h-scbpw ]n-¥n-cn-∏n-°m≥ {i-an-°p-∂-Xn-\nsS kn-‘p-hn-s\ kp-`m-jv B-{I-an-°m≥ {i-an-®p. C-tXm-sS C-cp-hcpw A-Sp-Ø-ho-´n¬ A-`-bwtXSn. cm-{Xn-bn¬ ho≠pw A-—\pw a-I-\pw XΩn¬ kw-L¿-j-ap-≠m-hp-I-bpw kp-[o-jn-s‚ ASn-tb-‰v ho-Sn\v k-ao]-sØ Im-∏n a-c-®p-h-´n¬ kp`m-jv ho-Wp. a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ ho-W-Xm-Im-sa-∂v I-cp-Xn kp-[o-jv am-Xmhpw k-tlm-Z-cnbpw A`-bw tXSn-b ho-´n-te-°v t]mbn. ]p-e¿-s® ho-´n¬ a-S-ßn-sb-Øn-b kn-‘p-hm-Wv a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ kp-`m-jn-s\ I-≠Xv. kn-‘phpw kp-[o-jpw tPm-en-sN-bv-Xv sIm≠p-h-cp-∂ ]-Ww kp-`mjv `o-j-Wn-s∏-Sp-Øn X´n-sb-Sp-Øm-Wv a-Zy-]n-®n-cp-∂Xv. C-bm-fp-sS A{I-aw k-ln-°-h-øm-sX kp-[o-jv A-Sp-Øn-sS hoSp-hn´v F-d-Wm-Ipf-sØ _m-dn¬ tPmen-t\m-°nh-cn-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. A-Sp-Øn-sS kp-`m-jn-s‚ B{Ia-Ww k-ln-°m≥ I-gn-bm-sX h-∂-tXm-sS aIs\ kn-‘p -ho-´n-te-°v hn-fn-®p-h-cp-Øp-I-bm-bncp∂p. \m-´p-Im¿ hn-h-c-a-dn-bn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v In-fn-am-\q¿ kn.sF A-tim-I‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep≈ t]m-en-kv kw-L-sa-Øn sX-fn-hp-Iƒ tiJ-cn®p. kp-[o-jv t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-em-Wv. kp-`m-jn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ kw-kv-I-cn®p.

]-Ýn-a-L-«w-: -_-ln-jv-I-c-Ww {]-Xn-]-£w ]p-\¸-cn-tim-[n-¡-W-w-þ ko-tdm a-e-_mÀ k-` Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]-›n-a-L-´- kw-c-£-W-Øn-s‚ a-d-hn¬ tI-c-f-Øn-se P-\-km-{μ-X-tb-dn-b 123 hnt√-Pp-Iƒ ]-cn-ÿn-Xn- Zp¿-_-e-{]-tZ-i-ß-fm-bn tI{μ-k¿-°m¿ {]-Jym-]n-°-s∏-Sm≥ H-cp-ßp-∂ ]-›mØ-e-Øn¬ ap-Jy-a-{¥n hn-fn-®p-tN¿-Øn-cn-°p-∂ k¿-h-I-£n-tbm-Kw _-ln-jv-I-cn-°m-\p-≈ {]-Xn-]£ Xo-cp-am-\w I-Sp-Ø A-\o-Xn-bpw P-\-h-©-\-bpam-sW-∂v ko-tdm a-e-_m¿ k-` A-ev-am-b I-Ωoj≥. ]-›n-a-L-´-Øn-se e-£-°-W-°n-\v P-\-߃ t\-cn-Sp-∂ Cu {]-iv-\-Øn¬ I-£n-cm-jv-{So-b-Øn-\Xo-X-am-bn Iq-´m-b Nn-¥-bpw k-a-hm-b-hpw A-\n-hmcy-am-Wv. ap-Jy-a-{¥n hn-fn-®p-tN¿-Øn-cn-°p-∂ k¿h-I-£n-tbm-K-Øn¬ F-√m cm-jv-{So-b t\-Xr-Xz-ßfpw k-∂-≤-kw-L-S-\-I-fpw k-l-I-cn-°-Ww. P-\ß-tfm-Spw P-\-Io-b-{]-iv-\-ß-tfm-Spw A-flm¿-Y-Xbp-s≠-¶n¬ k¿-h-I-£n-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ \n-∂v amdn-\n¬-°p-sa-∂ Xo-cp-am-\w {]-Xn-]-£w ]p-\∏-cntim-[n-°-W-sa-∂v A-ev-am-b I-Ωo-j≥ sk-{I-´-dn A-Uz. hn -kn -sk-_m-Ãy≥ A-`y¿-Yn-®p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

19 H-IvtSm-_¿ 2013 i\n

ss_-¡pw Sn-¸À-tem-dn-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v A-`n-`m-j-I³ a-cn-¨p \mkÀ

t__n

tPmÀ-Öv

tPmk-^v tXm-a-kv

ap-cp-I³

Ipªp-Ip-«nb-½

Ip-ªp½³ Ip-cp-hnf

ssh°w: Ahn`‡ IΩyqWnÃv ]m¿´nbpsS ssh°sØ BZyIme t\Xmhpw, I¿jIsØmgnemfn bq\nb≥ sk{I´dnbpambncp∂ ssh°w t]mfticn C√n°¬ ]n Fkv Im¿ØntIb≥ (68) . AkpJsØØpS¿∂v FdWmIpfw eq¿Zv Bip]{Xnbn¬ NnIn¬kbnembncp∂p. kwkvImc®Sßn¬ kn.]n.Fw. t\Xm°fmb ssh°w hniz≥, ]n sI lcnIpam¿, Pn√m-sk-{I´dn sI sP tXmakv, sI. APnØv Fw.F¬.F, ap\nkn∏¬ sNb¿t]gvk¨ {ioeXm _me-N{μ≥ F∂nh¿ kw_‘n®p. `mcy: `m¿Khn. a°ƒ: Im¿ØntIb≥, hnt\mZv, kp¿PnØv (kzn‰vk¿e‚ v), kpIvkmtamƒ. acpaI≥: kptcjv (t]menkv tIm¨k‰_nƒ).

sNß-fw: th-en-°I-Øv ho-´n¬ \m-k¿(52). J-_dS-°w \-SØn. `m-cy:Ppss_-cn-bØv. a-°ƒ:Pm^¿,Pm-kv-an≥,Pm-cnbØv. a-cp-a-°ƒ:jm-ane, kzm-enlv, ap-Po-_v- dlvam≥.

Fcp-taen: t]cq¿tXmSv Icp-ºn¬ t__n sI sP (51). kwkvImcw C∂v 10\v s{]mt∏mkv sk‚ v tPmk^kv ]≈n- ska-tØcnbn¬. `mcy: Ip™p-tamƒ. a°ƒ: _nPn, _n\p.

G-en-¡p-«n

tIm-´-¶¬: ]-tc-X-\m-b X-ºn dm-hp-Ø-dp-sS `m-cy Ip-f-bm-¶n-gn-bn¬ kpsse-lm _o-hn (102). J_-d-S-°w C-∂v D-®-bv°v 12\v tIm-´-¶¬ ap-kv-enw P-am-A-Øv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬. a-°ƒ: lm-Pn apl-Ω-Zv Jm≥ dm-hp-Ø¿, A-en dm-hp-Ø¿, C-{_mlnw dm-hp-Ø¿, lpssk≥ dm-hp-Ø¿, Jmknw dm-hp-Ø¿, C-kmJm≥, ^m-Øn-a _o-hn, \-_o-k _o-hn, ssk-\_- _o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A–p¬-Jm-Z¿, ssk-\p±o≥ dm-hp-Ø¿, A-–p¬Jm-Z¿ dm-hp-Ø¿, ^mØn-a _o-hn, J-Zo-P _ohn, km-dm _o-hn, ko-\Øv _o-hn, jm-ln-Z, ssk-\-_.

apcn-°m-ticn: sh-´p-It√¬ am-Xyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n (79). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D-®-bv°v H-∂n-\p cm-P-]p-cw {In-kv-Xpcm-P ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]m-e N°mwIp-t∂¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ : tPm¿-Pv (^mŒv,Bep-h), tPm-k-^v, sse-k-Ω . a-cp-a°ƒ: en≥-kn, sdPn ]m-d-bv-°¬, Pm-\‰v.

]mem: Rm-h-≈n¬ sXt°¬ tPmk-^v tXm-akv (tPm-fn˛dn-´. Fkv._n.Sn. am-t\-P¿˛61). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v sshIo´v 4.30\v ]m-em fm-ew ]-g-b-]-≈n- sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬. `mcy: sU-bv-kn. a°ƒ: kpan, A\p. a-cpa°ƒ: tdm-_n≥ am-Xyp, tdm-_n≥ tPmkv.

C-S-°p∂w: h-´-°pt∂¬ ]-tc-X\m-b sN√-∏≥ B-Nm-cn-bp-sS a-I≥ Fw kn ap-cp-I≥ (45˛]-\-bv-°¬ Pq-hedn Im-™n-c-∏-≈n) . kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cmhn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `mcy: P-e-P, ]-Ø-\wXn-´ ]-d-º-\m-´v Ip-Spw_mwKw. a°ƒ: P-e-P, A-Jn¬, A-RvP\.

sN-ß-∂q¿: s]-Æp-°-c sX-°v ]p-t∂m-en¬ ]-tcX\m-b i-¶-c-°p-dp-∏ns‚ `m-cy Ip-™p-Ip-´n-bΩ (87). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D®bv°v c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

kp-sse-lm _o-hn

Fcp-taen: I\-I-∏ew sNdp-]m-d-tbØv kn Fw tPm¿÷v (Ip-™pIp-´n˛83). kwkvImcw \msf 3\v. `mcy: kmdmΩ, sIm®n-bn¬ IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a°ƒ: s]m∂-®≥, _m_p, tamfn, an\n. acp-a-°ƒ: im¥Ω, sP n, sIm®p-tam≥, PK-Zojv.

ap-l-½-Zv Im-knw

Xn-cph√: Nm-ض-cn amen-t»-cn¬ Ip-dp-h-Sn-b¬ Ip-™-pΩ≥ Ip-cp-hn-f (Ip-™p sN-dp-°≥˛86). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf D®°v c-≠n\v s\-Sp{ºw tKm-kv-]¬ sk‚¿ k`m sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: ]-tc-Xbm-b AΩnWn. a°ƒ: eo-em-Ω,t__n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶-®≥ , tPmkv.

sh-™m-d-aqSv: a-°mwtIm-Ww a-°mw-tImWØv ho-´n¬ i-¶-c-]n≈˛kpio-e Z-º-Xn-I-f-psS a-Iƒ k-‘y (36). k-tlm-Zc≥: k-t¥m-jvIp-am¿.

I-g-°q-´w: tXm-∂-bv°¬- `q-Xm-\-tIm-f-\nB-_n-Zm-a≥-kn¬ ap-lΩ-Zv- Im-knw (78). -`m-cy-: dw-em-_o-hn.- a-°ƒ: Ako-\m-_o-hn, A-ko-kv, A-ko-Xm-_o-hn, A-kow, B-_n-Zm-_o-hn, B-cn-^_o-hn, A-∫m-kv, A-^pem-_o-hn, B-jn-°v- lpssk≥ (te-J-I≥-, kndm-Pv-, I-g-°q-´w), B-an-\, A-j-d-^p-±o≥.- a-cp-a-°ƒ: -a¿-lpw ap-l-Ω-Zv-kmen, l-b-dp-\n-k, lm-jnap-±o≥, -s\-ko-a, K-^q¿, A≥-km-cn, km-Pn-\, -Peo¬, A-ao-\ -B-jn-°v, \n- mw, jm-\n-^.-

`-c-X-∂q¿: I-cn-ß-S KoXm-`-h-\n¬ P-\m¿-±-\ ]n≈ (82). `m-cy: X¶-Ω. a°ƒ: Ko-X (^m¿-a-knÃv), {ioe-Xm cmPv (A[ym]nI), kp-`mjv (KoXm sS-Iv-Ã-bn¬-kv, eXm-tÃm¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ (k-_v cPn-kv-{Sm¿), cm-tP-{μ≥ \mb¿ (Fkv.sF.˛t]men-kv B-ÿm-\w), cq-] (^m¿-a-kn-Ãv).

a-dn-bm-½

N-{µ-Ip-am-cn-b-½

tPm-k-^v

Xn-cp-h√: C-c-hn-t]-cq¿ sIm-‰n-im-en tam-Sn-bn¬ ssX-∏-d-ºn¬ Sn Sn Nmt°m-bp-sS `m-cy a-dn-bmΩ (Ip-™Ω˛77). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cmhn-se H-º-Xn-\v ]m-a-e Kn-e-bmZv sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: ssS‰-kv Sn tP°_v, tPm¨k¨, tXma-kv Sn tP°-_v , kmw Sn tP°-_v . a-cpa°ƒ: kp-a,\n-j, dn≥kn.

s]m≥-Ip-∂w: sX-t°Øp-I-h-e tIm-bn-∏p-dØv ]-tc-X-\m-b sI ]n X-¶-∏≥-\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Fw B¿ N-{μ-Ip-am-cn-bΩ (62˛ dn-´. k-_v-Un-hnj≥ F≥-Pn-\o-b¿ _n.F-kv.F≥.F¬. s]m≥-Ip-∂w). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v c≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. ]tc-X hm-gq¿ I-S-hpw-Ipt∂¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a°ƒ: A-Pn-Xvem¬, ARv-P-en Sn \m-b¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: tKm-]-Ip-am¿, [\y.

s]cp-ºS-∏v: Ip-d-∏-ti-cn H-ut-- k-∏ns‚ a-I≥ tPmk^v(86). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p s]-cp-ºS-∏v km¥m-{Iq-kv N¿-®v skantØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: tPmbn, jo-e, ko-\, km_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-j, B‚Wn, Ip™p-tam≥, enkn.

]n Fkv ImÀ¯n-tI-b³

Hm-a-\ A-½ t]mØ≥-tImSv: I-cq¿, Nq-≠p-hn-f tc-h-Xn-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b B-t°m-Sv {io-[-c≥ \m-b-cp-sS `mcy Hm-a-\ A-Ω (76). a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am¿ \mb¿, ap-c-fo-[-c≥ \mb¿, N-{μh√n A-Ω. N-{μ≥ \mb¿. a-cpa°ƒ: Aw-_n-I-Ip-amcn, D-j-Ip-amcn, am-[-h≥Ip´n, A-ºn-fn.

sam-bv-Xp F-S-Øn-cp-Øn: Iq-´-aw-Kew A-d-°-ho-´n¬ sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n a-I≥ sam-bvXp(78).

tZ-h-In I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: I-t√-en`m-Kw \-co-©n tIm-f-\nbn¬ sIm-®p \m-W-hns‚ `m-cy tZ-h-In(59). a°ƒ: {]-km-Zv, hn-t\m-Zv, h-k-¥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A\n-X, kp-Pn-X, kp-tc-jv.

tZ-h-In N-h-d: Ip-f-ß-c-`m-Kw F-kv hn `-h-\n¬ tZ-hIn(95). a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b kp-μ-tc-i≥, kpaw-K-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h-kp‘-c, hm-kp-tZ-h≥.

kÔy

P-\mÀ-±-\-]n-Å

APn-X-Ip-amcn tImh-fw: sI F-kv tdmUv ap-´-bv-°m-Sv APn-X `h-\n¬ cm-Pp-hn-s‚ `m-cy A-Pn-X-Ip-am-cn (50). a°ƒ: c-Pn-X, \n-In-Xm cmPv, Pn-Pn≥ cmPv. a-cp-a°ƒ: jn_n, cm-Pohv.

\Scm-P³ B-Nmcn

Im-´m°-S: In-≈n ko-\ a≥-kn-en¬ _-jo¿ (48) `m-cy: ko-\Øv. J_-dS-°w C-∂v cmhnse.

hn-Xp-c: ta-a-e X-Æn°pf-Øp ho-´n¬ \-S-cmP≥ B-Nm-cn (80). `mcy: k-c-kz-Xn AΩmƒ. a°ƒ: C-μn-c, Pe-P, tam-l-\≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: cmP≥, kp-Ipamc≥, a-Rv-Ppj.

Aen-bmÀ

G-en-iz

hn-em-kn-\n-b-½

tIm-X-aw-Kew: ]-co°Æn Ip-‰w-th-en Ip-´p߬ A-en-bm¿(84). J_-dS-°w \-SØn. `m-cy: JZo-P, Ip-‰w-th-en In-fntb-en¬ Ip-Spw-_mwKw. a°ƒ: ]m-Øp-Ω, ap-lΩZv, P-aoe, sF-j, Pam¬, kmP¿, A-∫mkv. a-cp-a°ƒ: B-an-\, Aen, C-{_m-lnw, ssee, kpl-d, sse-e, ]-tcX\m-b A-en-bm¿.

sN-dn-b-Im-hv: F-gp-am≥Øp-cp-Øn¬ a¿-t°m-kns‚ `m-cy G-eo-izm(81). kw-kv-Im-cw ssh-Io-´v aq∂v a-Wn-°v sk‚ v tPmk-^v-kv sN-dn-b-IS-hv ]≈n- sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ: tPm-k^v, ^ntem-an-\, tdm°n, s]{Sojy, tPm¿Pv, sS n, enkn. a-cp-a°ƒ: PnPn, tPm-k^v, _o-\, tPmbn, sP-bvkn, kmPp, B‚Wn.

-acSv: Ip-≠-∂q¿ sF-Iyc- ho-´n¬- ]-tc-X\m-b inhi-¶-c ta-t\m-s‚ `m-cy I-tS-°p-gn hn-em-kn-\n-bΩ(87). kw-kv-Im-cw \SØn. a°ƒ: P-b-{io, Ip-amcn, tKm-]-Ip-am¿. acp-a°ƒ: tam-l≥ tat\m≥, th-WptKm-]m¬, kp-ja.

_-jo-À

{io-[-c³ \mbÀ ssI-X-ap-°v: ssI-X-ap°v B-\-°p-gn sse-\n¬ Fw.B¿.F˛ aq-∂n¬ {io \n-e-b-Øn¬ sdbn¬-th D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ {io-[-c≥ \m-b¿ (57). `mcy: {io-tZhn. a°ƒ: A-izXn, A-PnXv. a-cp-aI≥: kp-tc-jv.

{]-k-¶-Ip-am-c³ \mbÀ

Ip-≠-d: X-f-hq¿-t°mWw a-\-¶-c-ho-´n¬ c-amtZ-hn(61). a-°ƒ: ss_Pp, c-ho-jv, a-\p.-hn. \mb¿. a-cp-a-Iƒ: hn-Zy. -

Im-´m°-S: Ip-f-Øp-Ω¬ {]-im-¥n¬ {]-k-∂-Ipam-c≥ \m-b¿ (63). tI-cf tIm˛Hm-∏-td-‰o-hv Fw-tπm-bo-kv bq-\n-b≥ ap≥ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw Pn√m sk-{I´-dn kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n AwKw, Aw-ºq-cn k¿-ho-kv klI-c-W _m-¶v ap≥ sk-{I´-dn F-∂o \n-e-Ifn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp∂p. `mcy: h-k-¥-Ip-am-cn AΩ. a-°ƒ: hn ]n {]-hn-X, hn ]n {]-im¥v. a-cp-aI≥: B¿ hn {io-PnØv.

sIm-¨-¸³

hn-tÎmdn-b ]u-temkv

X¦¸³ sh-™m-d-aqSv: ssX-°mSv hn-im-J-Øn¬ X-¶∏≥ (72). `mcy: kp-Ipamcn. a°ƒ: P-b-{]Imiv, jn_p, A-`nemjv. a-cp-a°ƒ: Zo-], Xp-jm-c, k‘y.

c-am-tZ-hn

Hm-a-t»cn: ]-Sn-™m-sd ]p-c-bv-°¬ c-ho-{μ≥(chn 57).

t]-cm{º: Im-b-Æ-bnse X-t≠m-d ]-dº-Øv Ip-™n-sam-bv-Xn-lmPn(78). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbmb DΩ-ø. a°ƒ: B-an\, \-^o-k, ssk\-_, ap-l-ΩZv, ap-kv-X-^(Ipssh-Øv).

s]-cn-ß-Øq¿: ]p-fn-b\{ºw aq-∂-ßm-Sn-bn-se ssk-Z‚hn-S \-_o-kp (56). `¿-Øm-hv: apw-ss_bnse ap-≥ hym-]m-cnbpw ko-°n-Mv {Sm-h¬ D-S-a-bpam-bn-cp-∂ F-kv aq-k. a°ƒ: jm-\-hm-kv, klqZv , A≥-h¿ km-ZØv , ssj-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: keow, j-ao-e

]dhq¿:\-¥ym-´p-Ip-∂w I-cnb-Øv A-ºm-´p-ho´n¬ ]-tc-Xbm-b k-cfmtZ-hn-bp-sS `¿-Øm-hv Xcp-hm-¶p-fw ln¬-∏me-kv ]-d-∏-≈n-ho-´n-¬ ]n- sI sIm-®-∏≥(77) a-°-ƒ: hn-t\m-Zv- sIm®∏≥, am-bm cm-tP-jv (sNss∂). a-cp-a°ƒ: tUm. im-en-\n hn-t\mZv, s]m-¶-½-b-½ cm-tP-jv N-{μ≥. kw-kvIp-≠-d: t]-c-bw tXm-´pw- Im-cw 11 a-Wn-°v ]-d-hq¿ I-tcm-´p ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\-¥ym-´p-Ip-∂w A-Øm\m-b X-¶-∏≥-]n-≈-bpWn-°v k-ao-]-ap-≈ ho-´psS `m-cy s]m-∂-Ω-b-Ω h-f-∏n¬. (86). a-°ƒ: _m-e≥-]n≈, ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-c-fn-[- Ip-ª-Ðpà lm-Pn IXncq¿: c≥-]n-≈, {io-I-WvT≥ \m-b¿ (K-h. {]- v Po-h- Np≠ßms∏mbn¬ \-°m-c≥, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p- CSbn-se]oSnI Ip-øcw), a-Wn-I-WvT≥-]n-≈ ≠n∏-≈n°p kao]w sI sI Ip-™-–p√ (A-en≥-Uv), iym-a-f-IplmPn (62). `mcy: lmam-cn (_n.-F-kv.-F≥.F¬. Po-h-\-°m-cn), c-a- Pnd, a°ƒ: Pkoe, Wn (A-¶-W-hm-Sn), C-μn- Pkv-ane. acp-a°ƒ: Akokv , c (A-¶-W-hm-Sn) a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-£v-an-°p-´n- \mk¿. b-Ω, ]-fl-Ip-am-cn-b-Ω, {io-tZ-hn-b-Ω, ssj-e-P, P-bv-k¬ Hm-a-t»cn: ]m-d-bv-°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a-N-{μ≥]-tc-X-\mb tbm-l-∂m]n-≈, N-{μ-ti-J-c≥-]ns‚ a-I≥ ]n ssh P-bv≈, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-c-hnk¨(30). μm-£≥-]n-≈. -

tUm. Fw ]n tIm-c

t{X-kym-¡p-«n

a-dn-bm-½ -hÀ-Ko-kv

]u-tem-kv

am-[-hn

B-en

tIm-X-awK-ew: \-K-cØn-se B-Zy Fw-._n._n.F-kv. tUm-Œdpw Fw.-_n-.F. -\-gv-kn-Mv tlmw ÿm-]-I-\p-am-b a-‰-a-\ -h-en-b-ho-´n¬ tUm. Fw ]n tIm-c(88).kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p D®-bv°v 2\p am¿-tXm-a≥sN-dn-b-]-f-fn- sk-antØcnbn¬. `m-cy: ]-tcXbm-b A∂Ω. a-°ƒ: tUm.t]mƒ- tIm-c (Akn. s{]-^. sI-m®n- saUn°¬- tIm-f-Pv),tUmfn(s^bv-Øv- A-°mZ-an, \yq-U¬-ln) tPm-fn, t]m-fn, sF-k°v- tIm-c (Fw-._n-.Fw.- C-eIv-{Sn°¬-kv, tIm-X-awK-ew). a-cp-a-°ƒ: tUm. skdn≥-t]mƒ- (tP-°-_v- satΩm-dn-b¬ s]-cp-ºmhq¿), tPmk-^v ]p-Øqcm≥ (F-Uv-Pvsh-b¿- sS°-t\m-f-Pn, \yq-U¬ln), Sn- ]n tPm-kv Xp-cpØp-Ωm-en¬- (dn-´. sI.F-k.vC._n-. F-©n\o-b¿), A-Uz.tPm¿-Pv Ip-cphn-f tIm-e-t©-cn, sa-do-\- sFk-°v.

sN-ºp-ap-°v: N-Ω-Wntbm-S-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm¨ `m-cy t{X-kym°p-´n (76). a-°ƒ: F¬kn, ta-cn, ]-b-kv, B-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: F F-Iv-kv am-Xyp(Nn-‰q¿), tPm-Wn, dm-Wn, tPm¨-

sIm®n: C-S-∏-f-fn-bn¬ ]m-d-bn¬- lu-kn¬ ]tc-X\m-b Im-\-d _m-¶v dn-´. D-tZym-Kÿ≥ h¿Ko-kn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bm-Ωh¿-Ko-kv (77) a-Iƒ:_o\.

h-S°≥]-d-hq¿: ssIXm-cw- hm-fq-cv ]u-tem-kv (65). `m-cy:a-dn-bm-Ω. a-°ƒ: kn-Pp, kn-t\m-P,vkn-Pn-, kn\n a-cp-a-°-ƒ:Um-en-b, IÆ≥, Pn-_n.

^n-tem-an-\

Hm-a-t»cn: D-≈m-´n¬ kÆn sP-bnw-kv(60). `mcy: dmWn. a°ƒ: B-jnIv, Bjvven.

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: Xn-cp-h-{X ]tc-X-\m-b am-sº-‰ A-∏pÆn `m-cy am-[-hn(80). a°ƒ: N-{μ≥, kp-{_≥, Zn-hm-I-c≥, kp-[m-I-c≥, hn-P-b≥, i-Ip-¥-f. a-cpa-°ƒ: a-t\m-l-c≥, imc-Z, cp-‹nWn, D-j, N-{μmh-Xn, ]-tc-X-bm-b I-aep.

Nm-h-°m-Sv: Xn-cp-h-{X Ip-t©-cn sh-´n-°m-´n¬ B-en (72). `m-cy: Ip™n-tamƒ. a-°ƒ: A–p¬ \m-k¿, A-–p¬P-∫m¿ (c-≠p-t]-cpw A_p-Zm-_n), ku-Z, km-PnX, \-Zo-d, Zm-^n-b, ssk^p-∂n-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _jo¿, D-kv-am≥, e-Øo-^v, \m-kn¿, l-\o-^, si-anP, ko-\-Øv-, d-Po-\.

l-_o-_p-Å sIm-√w: ]-≈n-ap-°v d-Po\ ^p-Sv-sh-b¿ D-S-a h-St°-hn-f a-W-°m-Sv {Ik‚ v \-K¿-˛80 sN-dn-b-gnI-Øv ho-´n¬ lm-Pn Fw l-_o-_p-≈(74). J-_-dS-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v sIm-√q¿-hn-f ap-kv-enw Pam-A-Øv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬. `m-cy: kp-ss_-Zm_o-hn. a-°ƒ: \p-Pp-ap±o≥, \n-km-ap-±o≥(k-uZn), \u-jm-Zv, \-hm-kv, \m-kn-ap-±o≥(k-u-Zn). acp-a-°ƒ: l-ko-\, \p-Ppa, t_-\-ko¿, H-ko-e, kn-\n-bm.

c-ho-{µ³

tZhn C-cn´n: h-≈n-tØm-s´ hm-g-bn¬ tI°-≠n tZhn (79). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tcX\mb tKm-]me≥. a°ƒ: imc-Z, im-¥, kXn, kp-aXn. a-cpa°ƒ: Ip-™n-cm-a≥, hn-Pb≥, ]-tc-X\mb tKm-hn-μ≥.

Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xn-lmPn

cm-a³-Ip-«n-\mbÀ t]-cm{º: ]q\-sØ hmg-bn¬ cm-a≥-Ip-´n-\mb¿(62). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbmb c-aWn. aI≥: c-\ojv.

\_okp

B-ep-h: Bep-h ]-t´-cn∏p-dw ]p-fn-°¬ ]u-temkv `m-cy hn-tŒm-dn-b (81). kw-kv-Im-cw \-SØn. a°ƒ: F¬- kn h¿Kokv, ]n ]n tPm¨, enkn tPmkv, jmPn. a-cpa°ƒ: h¿-Kokv, ta-cn tPm¨, tPm-k^v, kn‘p jm-Pn.

]rYzn-cm-Pv aÃÀ X-e-t»cn: ap-Ip-μv a√¿ tdm-Un-se km-bv \n-hmkn¬ F-kv ]rYzn-cm-Pv a√¿ (63). `m-cXo-b P-\kw-Lw X-e-t»-cn afiew J-Pm-©nbmbpw _n.sP.]n. X-e-t»-cn afi-ew J-Pm-©nbmbpw {]-h¿-Øn-®n´p≠v. `mcy: {]-`m a√¿. a°ƒ: {]o-X, {]-Xn-`. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse X-e-t»-cn-bn-se kapZm-b iv-a-im-\-Øn¬.

kn\m³ X-Æo¿: Im-™n-c-ØmWn ]-d-º-Ømg-Øv jmP-lm-s‚ a-I≥ kn-\m≥ (8).

sI.Fw.kn.kn. Pn-±-þ-I-®qÀ Pn-Ãm I-½-nän P-\-d sk-{I-«-dn- \ncym-X-\mbn Pn-±: sI.Fw.kn.kn. Pn-±-˛I -- -Æq¿ Pn-√m I-Ω‰n P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dnbpw ku--Zn \m-j-W¬ l-÷v sk¬ h-f-≠nb¿ P-\-d¬ Iy-]v-‰-\pam-b D-a¿ A-cn-∏m-{ºbp-sS ]n-Xm-hv I-√-SØv C-{_m-lnw (85) \ncym-X-\m-bn. hm¿-[-Iy k-l-Pam--b A-kp-J-Øm¬ Nn- I n- ¬ - k - b n- e m- b n- c p∂p. sh-≈n-bm-gv-® ]pe¿-s® I-Æq¿ A-cn-∏m{º-bn-se ho-´n-em-bn-cp∂p A-¥yw. ^m-Xzn-a, dw-e, D-a¿ (Pn-±) a°ƒ, ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip™n, A-–p-≈, l-^vk-Øv (Pm-am-Xm-°-ƒ). ]-tc-X-s‚ \n-cymW-Øn¬ sI Fw kn kn ku-Zn \m-j-W¬ I-Ω-‰n {]-kn-U‚ v sI. ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-´n, P-\d¬ sk-{I-´-dn A-jv-d^v th-ßm-Sv, ku-Zn l÷v sk¬ I¨-ho-\¿ P-am¬ h-´-s∏m-bn¬, Pn-± sk≥-{S¬ I-Ω-‰n {]-kn-U‚ v A-l-a-Zv ]m-f-bm-´v, sk-{I-´-dn A-_q-_-°¿ A-cn-{º,

{S-j-d¿ A≥-h¿ tN-css¶, ssh-kv {]-knU‚ v F-kv F¬ ]n apl-Ω-Zv Ip-™n, \nkmw a-ºm-Sv , I-Æq¿ Pn-√m I-Ω-‰n {]-knU‚ v ]m--te-cn A-–p-

≈ Xp-S-ßn-b¿ A-Âtim-N-\w tc-J-s∏-SpØn. kw-ÿm-\ ap-kvenw eo-Kv ssh-kv {]kn-U‚ v hn. sI A–p¬ Jm-Z¿ au-e-hn, I-Æq¿ Pn-√m ap-kv-enw eo-Kv sk-{I-´-dn C-{_mlow Ip-´n Xn-cp-h-´q-¿ Pn-√m ap-kv-enw eo-Kv {Sj-¿ hn. ]n h-º≥ Xp-Sßn-b-h¿ ho-Sv k-μ¿in-®p.

cm-P-]p-cw: ]-Sp-∏v ]p-fn¶m-e-bn¬ A-{_-lm-ans‚ `m-cy ^n-tem-an-\ (54). a-°ƒ: jn-\n, jnt\m-bv, jn-tPm. a-cp-a°ƒ: sP-bv-tam≥ sIm®p-I-tcm-´v, A-\-y-tamƒ.

]-¡À-Ip-«n-lm-Pn Xm-a-c-t»-cn: A-Sn-hm-cw Ip-Sp-°n¬-s]m-bn¬ ]°¿-Ip-´n-lm-Pn(87). `mcy: IZo-P. a-°ƒ:A–p¬ a-Po-Zv, A-–p¬ \m-k¿, A-bap, A-jv-d^vv , A-–p¬d-joZv _n®n , ^mØna , dw-e, ko\-Øv . a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-en, ss^-k¬, A-–p¬ JmZ¿, k-^n-b, P-ao-e, j-ao-\, km-Pn-Z, A-ao-\.

k-®n sP-bnwkv

Ip-ªn-]u-¡ a-Æq¿-sd-bn¬: A-IØm-bn-Ø-d ]-tc-X\m-b Ioc-s‚ `m-cy Ip-™n]u-°(78). a°ƒ: kpμc≥, e-£van, X¶w, ]tc-X\m-b N-{μ-≥. a-cpaI≥: cm-a≥.

Nm¯³ sIm-Sp-h≈n: Hm-a-t»-cn s]-cn-hn√n-bn¬ hS-s° s]m-bn¬ Nm-Ø≥(70). `mcy: tZ-hIn. a°ƒ: iin , kp-Pm-X, _n-μp. a-cp-a°ƒ: cmP≥, hmkp.

Pm-\-In ]-d-∏q¿: t]m-t∂m¿ Nmgn-Ip-fw ]-tc-X-\m-b {]`m-I-c-s‚ `m-cy Pm-\In(59). a-°ƒ: kn-‘p, ssj-\n. a-cp-a-I≥: kp-tc-jv.

shų I¬-]-Øq¿: ap-bn-t∏mØv F-S-t®-cn-®m-en¬ sh-≈≥(80). `mcy: ]-dmbn. a°ƒ: Pm-\In, Ia-e, IeymWn, kp-tcjv, do-\, kp\n, kp-\n-X, _nμp, kp-[o-jv(AUz. tIm-gnt°m-Sv). a-cp-a°ƒ: A-cpW≥, bap-\, th-em-bp[≥, {]Imi≥, ]-tc-X\m-b i¶c≥.

]m-¯p sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: ]p-√q-‰v Nm-∏m-d s]m-∂-º-Øv ]tc-X-\m-b sk-bv-Xp-ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ `m-cy ]mØp(83). a-°ƒ: kp-sse-am≥, Pao-e, d-kn-b, \m-k¿, P∫m¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, A-–p¬ k-emw, A-–pdln-am≥- Ip-´n, \q-dp-\n-k, sse-e.

sam-bv-Xo³-tIm-b _m-ep-t»cn: In-\m-eq¿ I√n-Sp-°n¬ sam-bvXo≥-tIm-b(70). `mcy: C-ºn-®n B-bn-i. a°ƒ: A-≥-h¿, ko-\Øv, kp-\o-¿. a-cp-a°-ƒ: km-Pn-Z, kn-±o-Jv, j-_v\.

I-d¸³

{io-a-Xn

I-S-ep-≠n: h-´-∏d-ºv ]Sn-™m-sd ]p-c-°¬ I-d∏≥(70). `mcy: Aw-_n-I. a-°ƒ: c-Xojv, Pn-j, PnXojv. a-cp-a°ƒ: tkXp, an\n.

tNf-∂q¿: Im-´n¬-]o-SnI-bn¬ sI ]n {ioa-Xn (66). a°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b km-ln-Zv Ip-am¿, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿ , k-t¥m-jv Ip-am¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: hnPb, e-Xn-I, ss\-\.

C \m-cm-bW-\v \m-Sn-sâ bm{Xm-sam-gn Xet»cn: {]ap-J k-l-Im-cn-bpw kn.]n.Fw. I-Æq¿ Pn√m I-Ωn-‰nbw-K-hpw d_vtIm sN-b¿-am-\pamb C \m-cm-b-W-\v \m-Sn-s‚ bm{Xsamgn. ar-X-tZ-lw ho\-kv P-Mv-j\n-se kn-‰n-sk‚-dn¬ {]-tXy-Iw k-÷o-I-cn-® ÿe-Øv C∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-tem-sS kw-kv-I-cn®p. a-teky-bnse Izm-em-ew-]q-cn¬ lr-Z-bm-LmX-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v A-¥-cn-® \m-cm-bWs‚ ar-X-tZlw C∂se s\-Sp-ºm-t»-cn hnam\Øm-h-f-Øn¬ F-Øn-®p. A-hnsS-\n∂v kn.]n.Fw. kwÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn ]n-W-dm-bn hn-P-b≥, t]m-fn-‰v _yqtdm AwKw tIm-Sntb-cn _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ F-∂n-h¿ G-‰p-hmßn-b ti-jw sh-fp-∏n\v 5.30Hm-sS kz-¥w hoSm-b a-Æ-bms´ k-l-Im-cn `-h-\n¬ F-Øn-®p.

A-hn-sS \n∂v cm-hn-se H-º-tXmsS Xp-d-∂ hm-l-\-Øn¬ \-K-c-k`-bp-sS Su¨ lm-fn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿i-\-Øn-\v h®p. ]n-W-dm-bn hnPb-≥, tIm-Sn-tb-cn _m-e-Ir-jvW-≥, C ]n \m-cm-bW≥, ]n P-bcm-P≥, Fw hn P-b-cmP≥, ]n sI {io-aXn, sI sI ssie-P, a{¥n sI ]n tam-l\≥, {]-^. sI F k-c-f, hn hn Z-£n-Wm-aq¿Øn, Ffa-cw I-cow, ]n I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ Fw.]n, Fw kp-tc-{μ≥, kn.]n.sF. kwÿm-\ sk-{I´-dn ]-∂y≥ c-ho-{μ≥, kn F≥ N-{μ≥, kn ]n ap-cfn, F _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, ]pXp-°q-Sn {]-Zo]≥, kn ]n ssjP≥, _n.sP.]n tZio-b sk-{I´dn ]n sI Ir-jv-W-Zmkv, tIm¨{K-kv t\-Xm-°fm-b aº-dw Zn-hmI-c-≥, hn F \m-cm-bW≥, k-Pohv am-tdmfn, Fw ]n A-c-hn-μm-£-

≥, I-Æq¿ {]-kv¢-∫v {]-kn-U‚ v sI F≥ _m-_p, ]-{X-{]-h-¿-ØI bq-\n-b≥ kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰nbw-Kw kn ]n kp-tc-{μ≥, a{¥n kn F-≥ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥- Xp-Sßn-bh¿ ar-X-tZ-l-Øn¬ do-Øv k-a¿-∏n-®p. ap-kvenw eo-Kv t\-Xm-°fm-b AUz. sI F e-Øo^v, kn sI ]n a-Ωp F-∂n-hcpw B¿.F-kv.]n. afi-ew sk-{I´-dn kn-±o-Jv hen-b-I-Øv, sF.F≥.F¬. kwÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚ v F-kv F ]p-Xnb-h-f-∏n¬, I-S-∂-∏-≈n cm-a-N-{μ≥, Np-cym-bn N-{μ≥, sI sI P-b{]-Im-iv Xp-S-ßn-b-h-cpw A-t¥ym]-Nm-cw A¿-∏n-°m-s\-Øn. ]ctX-t\m-Sp-≈ B-Z-c-kq-N-I-ambn X-e-t»cn, Iq-Øp-]d-ºv \-K\m-cm-bW-s‚ ar-X-tZ-l-Øn-¬ kn.]n.Fw. kwÿm-\ sk-{I´-dn ]n-W-dm-bn hn-P-b≥ ck-`m ]-cn-[n-I-fn¬ C∂-se l¿- C A¥n-tam-]-Nm-cw A¿-∏n-°p∂p Øm¬ B-N-cn®p.

l-cn-∏m-Sv: ss_-°pw Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v A-`n-`m-j-I≥ a-cn-®p. Icp-\m-K-∏-≈n B-Zn-\m-Sv sX-°v am-cq¿ ho-´n¬ AUz. im-¥-Ip-am¿ (53) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hnse 11\v tZ-io-b-]m-X-bn¬ cm-a-]p-cw t£-{X-Øn-\v sX-°v-h-i-Øp h-®m-bn-cp∂p A-]-I-Sw. l-cn-∏m-S,v I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n _m-dp-Ifn¬ A-`n-`m-j-I-\m-Wv C-t±-lw. ss_-°n¬ l-cn∏m-Sv `m-K-tØ-°v t]mI-sh F-Xn¿-Zn-i-bn¬ \n-∂pw A-an-X-th-K-Øn¬ h-∂ Sn-∏¿-tem-dn C-Sn-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. l-cn-∏m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv A-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. l-cn-∏mSv I-em-e-bw Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-b C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ c-≠v I-Æp-I-fpw Zm-\w sN-bv-Xp. i-h-kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-°pw. `m-cy: tkm-Wn. a-°ƒ: Ae≥,A-eo-\. I-co-e-Ip-f-ß-c t]m-eo-kv ta¬-\-S-]Sn kzo-I-cn-®p.

kv-Iq-«À X-«n hr-²³ a-cn-¨p

l-cn-∏m-Sv: kv-Iq-´¿ X-´n hr-≤≥ a-cn-®p. Ip-am-c-]p-cw Xm-a-√m-°¬ I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬ ho-´n¬ _m-e-Ir-jv-W]n-≈ (76) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 10.30\v Xm-a-√m-°¬ `m-K-Øv tZ-io-b-]m-X-bp-sS k-ao-]-ap-≈ {Km-h¬ tdm-U-n¬ h-®m-Wv A-]-I-Sw. t£-{X-Z¿-i-\w I-gn-™p ho-´nte-°v t]m-b C-bm-sf kv-Iq-´¿ X-´n-b-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿∂p h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw cm-{Xn-tbm-sS a-cn-®p.

Ip-g-ªp ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

sN-ß-∂q¿: \n¿-am-W sXm-gn-em-fn ]-Wn ÿ-e-Øv Ip-g-™v ho-Wv a-cn-®p. sIm-gp-h-√q¿ ]p-Xp-ti-cn a-ebn¬ Ip-´-∏≥(58) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11\v sIm-gp-h-√q¿ l-cn-aw-K-eØv K-tW-i≥ \m-b-cp-sS ho-Sp]-Wn \-S-°p-∂ ÿe-Øm-Wv kw-`-h-w. t]m-en-kv \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ ]q¿-Ønbm-°n ar-X-tZ-lw _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. `m-cy: A-Ωn-Wn. a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, k-μo-]v. a-cp-aIƒ: kp-P. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.

s{S-bn³ X-«n hn-Zym-À-Yn a-cn-¨p

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: s\-√m-bn thm-t¶m-{X-bn¬ s{S-bn≥ X-´n hn-Zym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. ]p-√q¿ I-f-cn-bv-°¬ N-{μ-ti-J-cs‚ a-I≥ A-Jn¬(22) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N ]p-e¿-s® A-©n-\m-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. ]p-Xp-°m-Sv t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

A-Úm-X³ s{S-bn³ X-«n a-cn-¨p

h¿-°-e: A-⁄m-X-\m-b hr-≤-s\ s{S-bn≥ X-´n acn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se Gtgm-sS ]p-Ø≥ N-¥-°v k-ao-]w sd-bn¬-th ta¬]m-e-Øn-\p Io-gn-se sd-bn¬-th {Sm-°n-em-Wp ar-XtZ-lw Im-W-s∏-´-Xv. D-t±-iw 60 h-b-kv tXm-∂n-°pw. I-dp-Ø-Xpw ]p-≈n-I-fp-ap-≈ j¿-´m-Wp th-jw. \-c® Xm-Sn-bp-≠v. C-cp-\n-dw. ar-X-tZ-lw C≥-Iz-Ãv \-S-Øn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿´-Øn-\p ti-jw tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-´p-≠v. Cbm-sf Ip-dn-®v F-s¥-¶n-epw hn-h-cw e-`n-°p-∂-h¿ h¿-°-e t]m-en-kn¬ A-dn-bn-°-W-w.

amXm-hn-s\ sImÃm³ {i-an-¨ ]n-Xm-hn-s\ a-I³ A-Sn-¨p sIm-¶p I√-d: a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ am-X-hns\ sIm√m≥ {ian-® ]n-Xm-hn-s\ bp-hmhv X-Sn-°j-Ww sIm-≠v A-Sn-®p sIm-∂p. `-c-X-∂q¿ ssa-e-aq-Sv th-e≥-ap°v k-Xy-aw-Ke-Øv ho-´n¬ kp-`m-jv t_m-kv (41) s\-bm-Wv I-gn-™ Znh-kw cm{Xn sIm√s∏-´Xv. {]-Xn kp-[o-jv(19)s\ t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-seSp-Øp. \n-ch-[n tI-kp-I-fn¬ {]-Xn-bpw ÿn-cw a-Zy-]m-\n-bp-am-Wv a-cn® kp-`m-jv. C-°-gn-™ hym--gym-g-v N D-®-bv-°mWv kw-`-h-ß-fp-sS XpS°w. a-Zy-]n-®v hn-´n-seØnb kp-`m-jv ho-´p-]I-c-W-߃ \-in-∏n-°p∂-Xmbn a-Iƒ {ip-Xn Iq-en-th-e-bv-°v t]m-bncp-∂ am-Xm-hv kn-‘p-hns\ t^m-Wn¬ hn-fn-®-dn- kp-`m-jv t_m-kv bn-®p. Xp-S¿∂v kn-‘phpw a-I≥ kp-[o-jpw ho--´n-seØn. C-Xn-\n-sS kp-`m-jpw a-I\pw XΩn¬ hm-t°-‰hpw A-Sn-]n-Snbpw \-S-∂p. C-cp-hscbpw ]n-¥n-cn-∏n-°m≥ {i-an-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS kn‘p-hn-s\ kp-`m-jv B-{I-an-°m≥ {i-an-®p. CtXm-sS C-cp-hcpw A-Sp-Ø-ho-´n¬ A-`-bw-tXSn. cm-{Xn-bn¬ ho≠pw A-—\pw a-I-\pw X-Ωn¬ kwL¿-j-ap-≠m-hp-I-bpw kp-[o-jn-s‚ A-Sn-tb-‰v ho-Sn\v k-ao]-sØ Im-∏n a-c-®p-h-´n¬ kp-`m-jv ho-Wp. a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ ho-W-Xm-Im-sa-∂v I-cpXn kp-[o-jv am-Xmhpw k-tlm-Z-cnbpw A`--bw tXSn-b ho-´n-te-°v t]mbn. ]p-e¿-s® ho-´n¬ a-Sßn-sb-Øn-b kn-‘p-hm-Wv a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ kp`m-jn-s\ I-≠Xv. kn-‘phpw kp-[o-jpw tPm-en-sN-bv-Xv sIm≠p-h-cp-∂ ]-Ww kp-`mjv `o-j-Wn-s∏-Sp-Øn X´n-sb-Sp-Øm-Wv a-Zy-]n-®n-cp-∂Xv. C-bm-fp-sS A{I-aw k-ln-°-h-øm-sX kp-[o-jv A-Sp-Øn-sS hoSp-hn´v F-d-Wm-Ipf-sØ _m-dn¬ tPmen-t\m-°nh-cn-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. A-Sp-Øn-sS kp-`m-jn-s‚ B{Ia-Ww k-ln-°m≥ I-gn-bm-sX h-∂-tXm-sS aIs\ kn-‘p -ho-´n-te-°v hn-fn-®p-h-cp-Øp-I-bm-bncp∂p. \m-´p-Im¿ hn-h-c-a-dn-bn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v In-fn-am-\q¿ kn.sF A-tim-I‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep≈ t]m-en-kv kw-L-sa-Øn sX-fn-hp-Iƒ tiJ-cn®p. kp-[o-jv t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-em-Wv. kp-`m-jn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ kw-kv-I-cn®p.

]-Ýn-a-L-«w-: -_-ln-jv-I-c-Ww {]-Xn-]-£w ]p-\¸-cn-tim-[n-¡-W-w-þ ko-tdm a-e-_mÀ k-` Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]-›n-a-L-´- kw-c-£-W-Øn-s‚ a-d-hn¬ tI-c-f-Øn-se P-\-km-{μ-X-tb-dn-b 123 hnt√-Pp-Iƒ ]-cn-ÿn-Xn- Zp¿-_-e-{]-tZ-i-ß-fm-bn tI{μ-k¿-°m¿ {]-Jym-]n-°-s∏-Sm≥ H-cp-ßp-∂ ]-›mØ-e-Øn¬ ap-Jy-a-{¥n hn-fn-®p-tN¿-Øn-cn-°p-∂ k¿-h-I-£n-tbm-Kw _-ln-jv-I-cn-°m-\p-≈ {]-Xn-]£ Xo-cp-am-\w I-Sp-Ø A-\o-Xn-bpw P-\-h-©-\-bpam-sW-∂v ko-tdm a-e-_m¿ k-` A-ev-am-b I-Ωoj≥. ]-›n-a-L-´-Øn-se e-£-°-W-°n-\v P-\-߃ t\-cn-Sp-∂ Cu {]-iv-\-Øn¬ I-£n-cm-jv-{So-b-Øn-\Xo-X-am-bn Iq-´m-b Nn-¥-bpw k-a-hm-b-hpw A-\n-hmcy-am-Wv. ap-Jy-a-{¥n hn-fn-®p-tN¿-Øn-cn-°p-∂ k¿h-I-£n-tbm-K-Øn¬ F-√m cm-jv-{So-b t\-Xr-Xz-ßfpw k-∂-≤-kw-L-S-\-I-fpw k-l-I-cn-°-Ww. P-\ß-tfm-Spw P-\-Io-b-{]-iv-\-ß-tfm-Spw A-flm¿-Y-Xbp-s≠-¶n¬ k¿-h-I-£n-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ \n-∂v amdn-\n¬-°p-sa-∂ Xo-cp-am-\w {]-Xn-]-£w ]p-\∏-cntim-[n-°-W-sa-∂v A-ev-am-b I-Ωo-j≥ sk-{I-´-dn A-Uz. hn -kn -sk-_m-Ãy≥ A-`y¿-Yn-®p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

A-\´³

Ip-ª-Ðpà lm-Pn

IXncq¿: Np-≠ßm s∏mbn¬ CS-bnse ]oSnI-bv°p kao]w aº≈n ]pfp°ph≥ A\¥≥(96). `mcy: ]tcXbmb Ip©nc. a°ƒ: hnPb≥ (en-‰n¬ ^v-fh¿ t_°dn, Ipeti-Jcw, I\ymIp-amcn), _meIrjW≥ (en-‰n¬ ^vfh¿ t_-°-dn, X°e, I\ymIp-amcn), kptcjv _m_p (en-‰n¬ ^vfh¿ t_-°dn, \mK¿tImhn¬, I\ymIpam-cn), taml\≥ (en-‰n¬ ^vfh¿ t_-°dn, am¿Ømfiw, I\ymIpamcn), tkma≥ (en-‰n¬ ^vfh¿ t_-°dn, Acpa\, I\ymIpamcn), N{μ≥ (aebmf at\m-ca GP‚ v, Ings° IXncq¿), hn\bcmPv (en-‰n¬ ^vfh¿ t_-°-dn, I\ymIp-amcn) acpa°ƒ: hk¥, a√nI, do\, {]oX, ckv\, dmWn, ko-a. kwkv-Imcw C-∂p- cm-hnse HºXn\v ho´phf-∏n¬.

IXncq¿: Np≠ßms∏mbn¬ CSbn-se]oSnI Ip-ø≠n∏-≈n°p kao]w sI sI Ip-™-–p√ lmPn (62). `mcy: lmPnd, a°ƒ: Pkoe, Pkv-ane. acp-a°ƒ: Akokv (sI.Fkv.C._n. \nSpws]mbn¬), \mk¿ (Zp_-bv).

Ipªn-cma³ ]-ø-∂q¿: dn-´. ]n.Uªyp.Un Hm-h¿-kn-b¿ htSm-fn-bn-se tam-tem-Øp h-f-∏n¬ sIm√m-bn Ip™n-cm-a≥ (80). `mcy: ]tc-Xbm-b im-¥. a°ƒ: P-b-{]-Imi≥ (sF.Sn. sF. I-Æq¿), {ioe-X, at\mPv (kv-‰pUntbm ]-ø∂q¿), A-Pn-Xv Ip-am¿ (kn.B¿.Un.H. im-kv-{X⁄≥, sIm-®n), {ioPnØv. a-cp-a°ƒ: _me≥, kp-\n-X, ]p-jv]I-e, k¬-a, {ip-Xn. ktlm-Z-c߃: Im¿-Øymb\n, \m-cm-bW≥, ]m¿hXn, ]-tc-X\m-b IÆ≥.

]n Fkv ImÀ¯n-tI-b³ ssh°w: Ahn`‡ IΩyqWnÃv ]m¿´nbpsS ssh°sØ BZyIme t\Xmhpw, I¿jIsØmgnemfn bq\nb≥ sk{I´dnbpambncp∂ ssh°w t]mfticn C√n°¬ ]n Fkv Im¿ØntIb≥ (68) . kwkvImcw \SØn. AkpJsØØpS¿∂v FdWmIpfw eq¿Zv Bip]{Xnbn¬ NnIn¬kbnembncp∂p. kwkvImc®Sßn¬ kn.]n.Fw. t\Xm°fmb ssh°w hniz≥, ]n sI lcnIpam¿, Pn√m-sk-{I´dn sI sP tXmakv, sI. APnØv Fw.F¬.F, ap\nkn∏¬ sNb¿ t]gvk¨ {ioeXm _me-N{μ≥ F∂nh¿ kw_‘n®p. `mcy: `m¿ Khn. a°ƒ: sI F≥ Im¿ØntIb≥, hn t\mZv, kp¿PnØv (kzn‰v k¿e‚ v), kpIvkmtamƒ.acpaI-≥: kptcjv (t]menkvtIm¨k‰_nƒ.

19 H-IvtSm-_¿ 2013 i\n

sN-¦Â-Izmdn sXm-gn-em-fnbm-b bphXn an-¶-teäv a-cn-¨p am-Xa - w-Kew: an-∂t- e-‰v sN-¶¬Izm-dn sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-

sam-bv-Xp

am-[-hn So-¨À

]rYzn-cm-Pv aÃÀ

{io-[-c³ \m-bÀ

{]^ F sI lʳ

F-S-Øn-cp-Øn: Iq-´-aw-Kew A-d-°-ho-´n¬ sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n a-I≥ sam-bvXp(78).`m-cy: sIm-®m-an\. a-°ƒ: sj-°o¿, sj°o-e, jm-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: dw-e,bq-k-^v, aq-k.

Im-™-ßm-Sv: Un-.-kn-.kn P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn A-Uz. Sn sI kp-[m-I-cs‚ am-Xm-hpw dn-´. kpt_-Zm¿ am-hp-¶m¬ knØm-c-bn-se ]n ssh cmL-h≥ Kp-cp-°-fp-sS `mcy-bp-am-b Sn am-[-hn So®¿(84). ]p-Xn-b-I-≠w Kh. F¬. ]n kv-Iqƒ, Ing-°pw--I-c ap-®n-tem-´v Kh.-F¬. ]n kv-Iqƒ F∂n-hn--S-ß-fn¬ {]-[m-\m[ym-]n-I-bm-bn {]-h¿Øn-®n-´p-≠v. a-‰p-a-°ƒ: kp-aw-K-e, D-j. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-P-tKm-]m-e≥ (dn-´.-F≥-Pn-\n-b¿, kn.U-ªyq.-Un.-B¿.-Fw), apc-fo-[-c≥ (a-lm-cm-{„ ssh-Zyp-Xn t_m¿-Uv), F-en-k-_-Øv. k-tlm-Zc-߃: am-Wn, Ku-cn, _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, tKm-hnμ≥, I-a-em-£≥.

X-e-t»cn: ap-Ip-μv a√¿ tdm-Un-se km-bv \n-hmkn¬ F-kv ]rYzn-cm-Pv a√¿ (63). `m-cXo-b P-\kw-Lw X-e-t»-cn afi-ew J-Pm©nbmbpw _n.sP.]n. X-e-t»-cn afi-ew JPm-©n-bmbpw {]-h¿Øn-®n-´p≠v. `mcy: {]`m a√¿. a°ƒ: {]o-X, {]-Xn-`. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cmhn-se X-e-t»-cn-bn-se k-apZm-b iv-a-im-\Øn¬.

hS-Ic: hneym-∏≈nbse kPoh tIm¨{K v {]h¿Ø-I≥ sImfØq¿ aqØm\ {io[-c≥ \mb¿ (83). hneym-∏≈n k¿bokv kl-I-cW _m¶v Poh-\-°m-c-\m-bncp-∂p. `mcy: imc-Z- AΩ. a°ƒ: k-Xy--\m-Y≥(-JØ¿), kp[o¿Ip-am¿-(-_l-dn≥), KoX(-A-[ym-]nI, {io chn-i-¶¿ hnZym aμn¿ tImgn-t°m-Sv), ARvP-en. acp-a-°ƒ: sI hniz-\mY≥(-dn´: kn.C sSe-n t^m¨ tImgn-t°m-Sv),Sn.hn IrjvW≥(-dn´: Xl-kn¬Zm¿ ,I-Æq¿), KoXm-e-£van ({]n≥kn∏¬ dmWn ]ªn°v kv Iqƒ), tim` (A-[ym-]n I Fkv.-F≥,-F¬.]n kvIqƒ Xncp-h-≈q¿).kw-kvImcw \SØn.

^m-dq-Jv tIm-fPv: tImgn-t°mSv Kh. B¿Svkv B‚ v kb≥kv tImtfPv dn´. {]^kdpw F≥.-kn.kn. Hm^nk-dp-am-bncp∂ A≠n-°m-S≥Ipgn ]√-hn-bn¬ {]^. F sI l ≥ (59). ]tc-X-cmb F sI aq °p-´n-lm-Pn-bp-sSbpw ^mØn-a-bp-sSbpw aI\m-Wv. `mcy kpss_Z (dn-´. {]n≥kn-∏¬ Kh. F®v.-F-kv.ao©¥). a°ƒ. tUm. jmln-\, tUm. l∂. acp-a-°ƒ : jao¿ apl--ΩZv (Irjn Hm^nk¿, DucIw), dkoJv (A-kn. {]^. F≥Pn-\o-b-dnMv tImfPv, {ioIrjvW]p-cw). ktlm-Z-c-߃ F.-sI. Aehn (^mdqJv tImfPv), Al-Ω-Zv, JmZ¿ (Ccp-hcpw kuZn Atd_y), F sI A_vZp-¬ Ako-kv, {]m. F sI A_vZp¬ dlow (Atkm-kn-tb‰v {]^k¿, ^m-dqIv tImf-Pv), _jo¿ (JØ¿), Bbn-i, Ban-\.

tZhn C-cn´n: h-≈n-tØm-s´ hm-g-bn¬ tI°-≠n tZhn (79). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tcX\mb tKm-]me≥. a°ƒ: imc-Z, im-¥, kXn, kp-aXn. a-cpa°ƒ: Ip-™n-cm-a≥, hnPb≥, ]-tc-X\mb tKmhn-μ≥.

\_okp s]-cn-ß-Øq¿: ]p-fn-b\{ºw aq-∂-ßm-Sn-bn-se ssk-Z‚hn-S \-_o-kp (56). `¿-Øm-hv: apw-ss_bnse ap-≥ hym-]m-cnbpw ko-°n-Mv {Sm-h¬ D-S-a-bpam-bn-cp-∂ F-kv aq-k. a°ƒ: jm-\-hm-kv, klqZv (C-cp-h-cpw Ip-sshØv), A≥-h¿ km-ZØv (J-Ø¿), ssj-a. a-cpa°ƒ: keow a-Øn-∏dºv (J-Ø¿), j-ao-e.

kn\m³ X-Æo¿: Im-™n-c-ØmWn ]-d-º-Ømg-Øv jmP-lm-s‚ a-I≥ kn-\m≥ (8). a-Xmhv: d-lo-\. ktlm-Z-c߃: kzm-en-l, k-PmZv.

cm-a³-Ip-«n-\mbÀ t]-cm{º: ]q\-sØ hmg-bn¬ cm-a≥-Ip-´n-\mb¿(62). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbmb c-aWn. aI≥: c-\ojv.

Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xn-lmPn t]-cm{º: Im-b-Æ-bnse X-t≠m-d ]-dº-Øv Ip-™n-sam-bv-Xn-lmPn(78). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbmb DΩ-ø. a°ƒ: B-an\, \-^o-k, ssk\-_, ap-l-ΩZv, ap-kv-X-^(Ipssh-Øv).

c-ho-{µ³ Hm-a-t»cn: ]-Sn-™m-sd ]p-c-bv-°¬ c-ho-{μ≥(chn 57). `mcy: k-Xy-Ipamcn. a°ƒ: cay, d\ojv. a-cp-aI≥: a-t\mPv.

b bphXn a-cn-®p. ]-cn-bm-cw ]m-W-∏p-g-bnse kp-tcjn-s‚ `m-cy am-Xa - wK-ew ]-dh - q¿ ]m¬-h≈ - n-bnse h\-P(42)bm-Wv a-cn-®X - v. klsXm-gn-em-fn-Ifm-b ]´phw Im-hp-¶¬ kz-tZin Dta-jv (43), tIm-bn-{] sskZm-cI-Øv ho-´n¬ A-–p√ (37) F-∂n-h¿-°v ]-cnt°‰p. Ch-sc ]-cn-bm-cw saUn-°¬ tImf-Pv B-ip-]{- Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C∂-se D-®-bv-°v 2.30-HmsS ]-dh - q¿ ]m¬-h≈ - n-bn-se Izm-dn-bn-em-Wp kw-`hw .D®`-£W - Ø - n-\p ti-jw Izmdn-°S- pØ sj-Un¬ hn-{i-an°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p Ch¿. an-∂te-‰v sX-dn-®pho-W h-\Psb Hm-Sn-sb-Øn-b \m-´p-Im¿ ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un-°¬ tImfPv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\mbn√. a-W° - S- h - n-se ]pcp-tjm-Øa - s - ‚bpw e-fn-Xb - psS-bpw a-If - m-Wv h\-P. a°ƒ: A-cp¨-Ip-am¿, A-PnØv. k-tlm-Zc - ߃: hn-t\mZv, kp-t\mZv, an\n. ar-Xt- Zlw ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un°-¬ tImf-Pv B-ip-]{Xn tam-¿-®-dn-bn¬. t]m-kv‰vtam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw C-∂p ho-´n-se-Øn-®v cm-hn-se 11Hm-sS B-et- °m-s´ s]m-Xp-iva - i - m-\Ø - n¬ kw-kvI - cn-°pw.

hnZymÀYn Xq-§n-a-cn-¨p

cm-P] - p-cw: tIm-fP - v hn-Zy- m¿-Yn Xq-ßn a-cn-®p. ap-∂m-Sv ]o-∏nƒ-kv k-l-I-c-W tI--mf-Pn-se c-≠mw h¿-j _n.--F Cw-•o-jv hn-Zy- m¿-Yn I-t°m-´a-bn-se Ir-jvW - s - ‚ a-I≥ ic-Xm(19)Wv a-cn-®X - v. hym-gm-gvN tIm-f-Pn¬ \n-∂v h-∂v apdn-bn¬ I-b-dn I-X-I-S-®v Gsd I-gn-™n-´pw ]p-d-Øv ImWm-Ø-Xn-\m¬ t\m-°n-bt∏m-gm-Wv Xq-ßn-b \n-ebn¬ I-≠X - v. am-Xm-hv: tim-`\ - . k-tlm-Zc - n: i-cW - y- .

]-¼-bn Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn¨p {^m³-kn-kv-am-Xyp

D-½À-t¡m-b

tPmÀPv

tPmk-^v tXm-a-kv

ap-cp-I³

B-en

kn-±o-Jv

cm-tP-{µ³ \m-bÀ

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: {Sm^n-Iv k¿-°n-fn-\v ko]-sØ Ãm¿ tIm-∏n I-S-bp-S-a {^m≥-kn-kvam-Xyp (57). h-b-\m-Sv kz-tZ-inbm-b {^m≥-kn-kv 25 h¿-j-am-bn Im-k¿tIm-´v Ãm¿ tIm-∏n ÿm-]-\w \-S-Øn-h-cnI-bm-Wv.

sIm-tΩcn: i¶-c≥ t_°dn aq∏≥ ]n DΩ¿-t°m-b (58). B¬°-tlm-fn-Iv-kv A-t\mWn-a-kn-s‚ kPn-h {]h¿-Ø-I-\m-Wv. `m--cy: ^m-Øn-am_n, a°ƒ: Xm-Pp-±o≥, d-^o\. a-cp-a°ƒ: sj-do\, jwkp-±o≥.

Fcp-taen: I\-I-∏ew sNdp-]m-d-tbØv kn Fw tPm¿Pv (Ip-™p-Ip´n, sIm®n-bn¬, 83). kwkvImcw \msf 3˛\v. `mcy kmdmΩ sIm®nbn¬ IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a°ƒ : s]m∂-®≥, _m_p, tamfn, an\n. acp-a-°ƒ: im¥Ω, sP n, sIm®p-tam≥, PK-Zojv.

]mem: Rm-h-≈n¬ sXt°¬ tPmk-^v tXm-akv (tPm-fn 61 dn-´. Fkv._n.Sn. am-t\-P¿). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v sshIo´v 4.30 \v ]m-em fmew ]-g-b-]-≈n- sk-antØ-cn-bn¬ \-S-°pw. `mcy: sU-bv-kn. a°ƒ: kpan, A\p. a-cp-a°ƒ: tdm-_n≥ am-Xyp, tdm_n≥ tPmkv.

C-S-°p∂w: h-´-°pt∂¬ ]-tc-X\m-b sN√-∏≥ B-Nm-cn-bp-sS a-I≥ Fw kn ap-cp-I≥ (45) ]-\-bv-°¬ Pq-hedn Im-™n-c-∏-≈n. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cmhn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `mcy: P-e-P ]-Ø-\w-Xn´ ]-d-º-\m-´v Ip-Spw_mwKw. a°ƒ: P-e-P, A-Jn¬, A-RvP\.

Nm-h-°m-Sv: Xn-cp-h-{X Ipt©-cn sh-´n-°m-´n¬ Ben (72). `m-cy: Ip-™ntamƒ. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ \m-k¿, A-–p¬-P-∫m¿ (c-≠p-t]-cpw A-_qZ_n), ku-Z, km-Pn-X, \Zo-d, Zm-^n-b, ssk-^p∂n--k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _-jo¿, D-kv-am≥, e-Øo-^v-, \m-kn¿, l-\o-^, si-anP, ko-\-Øv-, d-Po-\.

Nm-h-°m-Sv: H-cp-a-\-bq¿ X-߃-]-Sn \m-e-I-Øv Ip-dp-h-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb sam-bv-Xp-Æn-bp-sS aI≥ kn-±o-J v(52). sI.]n kn kn hn-Nm¿ hn`m-Kv H-cp-a-\-bq¿ a-fiew sN-b¿-am-\m-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: _¬-°o-kv. a°ƒ: \-hm-^v, \-Pm-Zv, Xem¬.

Nm-e-°p-Sn: ap-cp-ßq¿ C-S-ap-f cm-tP-{μ≥ \mb¿(65). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 9.30\v Nm-e°p-Sn \-K-c-k-` {In-ant‰m-dn-b-Øn¬. `m-cy: hn-t\m-Zn-\n. a°ƒ: tc-J, c-Lp, c-Xojv. a-cp-a-I≥: _n-Pp.

^n-tem-an-\

am-[-hn

\mkÀ

t__n

am-[-hn

ap-l-½-Zp-®n lm-Pn

I-eym-Wn

cm-P-]p-cw: ]-Sp-∏v ]p-fn¶m-e-bn¬ A-{_-lm-ans‚ `m-cy ^n-tem-an-\ (54). a-°ƒ: jn-\n, jnt\m-bv, jn-tPm. a-cp-a°ƒ: sP-bv-tam≥ sIm®p-I-tcm-´v, A-\-y-tamƒ (Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv).

slm-kv-Zp¿-Kv: A-ø-¶mhv ]-Øm-b-∏p-c-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b sI ]n Ip™n-cm-a≥ a-Wn-bm-Wnbp-sS `m-cy Fw am-[hn(86). a-I≥: _m-e≥. a-cp-aIƒ: h¬-k-e.

sNß-fw: th-en-°I-Øv ho-´n¬ \m-k¿(52)J-_dS-°w \-SØn. `m-cy:Ppss_-cn-bØv. a-°ƒ:Pm^¿,Pm-kv-an≥,Pm-cnbØv. a-cp-a-°ƒ:jm-ane, kzm-enlv, ap-Po-_v- dlvam≥

Fcp-taen: t]cq¿tXmSv Icp-ºn¬ t__n sI sP (51). kwkvImcw C∂v 10\v s{]mt∏mkv sk‚ v tPmk^kv ]≈n-bn¬. `mcy Ip™p-tamƒ. a°ƒ : _nPn, _n\p.

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: Xn-cp-h-{X ]tc-X-\m-b am-sº-‰ A-∏pÆn `m-cy am-[-hn-(80). a°ƒ: N-{μ≥, kp-{_≥, Zn-hm-I-c≥, kp-[m-I-c≥, hn-P-b≥, i-Ip-¥-f. a-cp-a°ƒ: a-t\m-l-c≥, im-cZ, cp-‹-Wn, D-j, N-{μm-hXn, ]-tc-X-bm-b I-a-ep.

Nm-h° - m-S:v H-cp-a\ - b - q¿ sX-t°-Xe - ° - ¬ ]-≈n°-Sp-Øv F-S° - g- n-bq¿ h´w-]d - º - n¬ ap-lΩ - Z- p-Æn lm-Pn (66). `m-cy: B-an-\Ip-´n. a-°ƒ: k-Po-¿, sse-e, k-do-\, A-d^ - . a-cp a - ° - ƒ: k-ac - n-ø, A-jd-^,v A-jd - ^ - v , sj-^o¿.

]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: sNdm-bn Np-≈n-bn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b \m-cm-b-W-s‚ `m-cy I-eym-Wn (75). a-°-ƒ: A-tim-I≥, aWn-I-WvT≥ (a-kv-IØv), th-Wp, in-h-Zmk≥, Iu-k-ey, A-PnX.

sI.Fw.kn.kn. Pn-±-þ-I-®qÀ Pn-Ãm I-½-nän P-\-d sk-{I-«-dn- \ncym-X-\mbn ]-¡À-Ip-«n-lm-Pn

Ip-ªn-]u-¡

shų

{io-a-Xn

Xm-a-c-t»-cn: A-Sn-hmcw Ip-Sp-°n¬-s]m-bn¬ ]-°¿-Ip-´n-lm-Pn(87). `mcy: IZo-P. a-°ƒ:A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv( A-Sn-hm-cw a-l√vv Pp-amAØvv ]≈nI-Ωn-‰n {]kn-U-‚ v), A-–p¬ \mk¿, A-bap, A-jv-d^vv , A-–p¬d-joZv _n®n (\m-ep t]-cpw Zp_bv), ^mØna , dwe, ko-\-Øv . a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-en, ss^-k¬, A-–p¬ JmZ¿, k-^n-b, P-ao-e, j-ao-\, km-Pn-Z, A-ao\.

a-Æq¿-sd-bn¬: A-IØm-bn-Ø-d ]-tc-X\m-b Ioc-s‚ `m-cy Ip-™n]u-°(78). a°ƒ: kpμc≥, e-£van, X¶w, ]tc-X\m-b N-{μ-≥. a-cpaI≥: cm-a≥.

I¬-]-Øq¿: ap-bn-t∏mØv F-S-t®-cn-®m-en¬ sh-≈≥(80). `mcy: ]dmbn. a°ƒ: Pm-\In, Ia-e, IeymWn, kp-tcjv, do-\, kp\n, kp-\n-X, _nμp, kp-[o-jv(AUz. tIm-gnt°m-Sv). a-cp-a°ƒ: A-cpW≥, bap-\, th-em-bp[≥, {]Imi≥, ]-tc-X\m-b i¶c≥.

tNf-∂q¿: Kp-Uve-°v sse-{_-dn-°p k-ao-]w tIm-em-{º°-≠n ]dºv Im-´n¬-]o-Sn-I-bn¬ ]-tcX\m-b kp-Ip-amc-s‚ `mcy sI ]n {ioa-Xn (66)\ncym-X-bmbn. a°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b kmln-Zv Ip-am¿, kp-\n¬-Ipam¿ (k-\n-¬), k-t¥mjv Ip-am¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: hnP-b, e-Xn-I, ss\-\. k-©b-\w i-\n-bm-gvN.

Ip-ªp sN-dp-¡³

Ip-ªp-Ip-«n-b-½

Xn-cp-h-√: Nm-Ø-¶-cn am-en-t»-cn¬ Ip-dp-h-Snb¬ Ip-™p-Ω≥ Ip-cphn-f (Ip-™p sN-dp°≥ 86) kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf D-®-°v c-≠n-\v s\-Sp-{ºw tKm-kv-]¬ sk‚¿ k-`m sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b AΩn-Wn. a-°ƒ: eo-em-Ω,t__n.a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶-®-≥, tPm-kv.

sN-ß-∂q¿: s]-Æp-°-c sX-°v ]p-t∂m-en¬ ]-tcX-\m-b i-¶-c-°p-dp-∏ns‚ `m-cy Ip-™p-Ip-´n-bΩ (87) kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-°v c-≠n-\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬.

k-®n sP-bnwkv Hm-a-t»cn: D-≈m-´n¬ k-Æn sP-bnw-kv(60). `mcy: dmWn. a°ƒ: B-jnIv, Bjvven.

P-bv-k¬ Hm-a-t»cn: ]m-d-bv-°¬ ]-tc-X-\mb tbm-l∂m-s‚ a-I≥ ]n ssh P-bv-k¨(30).

Nm¯³ sIm-Sp-h≈n: Hm-a-t»-cn s]-cn-hn√n-bn¬ hS-s° s]m-bn¬ Nm-Ø≥(70). Hm-a-t»-cn {Km-a-∏-©m-bØv `-c-W-k-an-Xn ap≥Aw-Khpw tI-c-f ]-´n-IPm-Xn h¿-K sF-Iy th-Zn ]-©mb-Øv I-Ωn-‰n {]kn-U‚p-am-bn-cp∂p. `mcy: tZ-hIn. a°ƒ: iin (sI.F-kv.B¿.Sn.kn I-≠-Œ¿), kp-Pm-X, _nμp. a-cp-a°ƒ: cmP≥, hmkp.

Pm-\-In ]-d-∏q¿: t]m-t∂m¿ Nmgn-Ip-fw ]-tc-X-\m-b {]`m-I-c-s‚ `m-cy Pm-\In(59). a-°ƒ: kn-‘p, ssj-\n. a-cp-a-I≥: kptc-jv.

kv-Iq-«À X-«n hr-²³ a-cn-¨p l-cn-∏m-Sv: kv-Iq-´¿ X-´n hr-≤≥ a-cn-®p. Ip-am-c]p-cw Xm-a-√m-°¬ I-f∏p-c-bv-°¬ ho-´n¬ _me-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈ (76) BWv a-cn-®-Xv.

Pn-±: sI.Fw.kn.kn. Pn-±-˛I -- -Æq¿ Pn-√m I-Ω‰n P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dnbpw ku--Zn \m-j-W¬ l-÷v sk¬ h-f-≠nb¿ P-\-d¬ Iy-]v-‰-\pam-b D-a¿ A-cn-∏m-{ºbp-sS ]n-Xm-hv I-√-SØv C-{_m-lnw (85) \ncym-X-\m-bn. hm¿-[-Iy k-l-Pam--b A-kp-J-Øm¬ Nn- I n- ¬ - k - b n- e m- b n- c p∂p. sh-≈n-bm-gv-® ]pe¿-s® I-Æq¿ A-cn-∏m{º-bn-se ho-´n-em-bn-cp∂p A-¥yw. ^m-Xzn-a, dw-e, D-a¿ (Pn-±) a°ƒ, ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip™n, A-–p-≈, l-^vk-Øv (Pm-am-Xm-°-ƒ). ]-tc-X-s‚ \n-cymW-Øn¬ sI Fw kn kn ku-Zn \m-j-W¬ I-Ω-‰n {]-kn-U‚ v sI. ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-´n, P-\d¬ sk-{I-´-dn A-jv-d^v th-ßm-Sv, ku-Zn l÷v sk¬ I¨-ho-\¿ P-am¬ h-´-s∏m-bn¬, Pn-± sk≥-{S¬ I-Ω-‰n {]-kn-U‚ v A-l-a-Zv ]m-f-bm-´v, sk-{I-´-dn

A-_q-_-°¿ A-cn-{º, {S-j-d¿ A≥-h¿ tN-css¶, ssh-kv {]-knU‚ v F-kv F¬ ]n apl-Ω-Zv Ip-™n, \nkmw a-ºm-Sv , I-Æq¿ Pn-√m I-Ω-‰n {]-kn-

Xn-cq¿: ]-g-bIme tkmjy-en-kv-‰v t\-Xm-hpw P\-Xm-Zƒ ap≥ Pn√m sk{I-´-dn-bpam-b ao-\-S-Øpcn-se H-gq¿ ]-d-ºn¬ H ]n C-{_m-lnw(85). `mcy: dp-Jn-b. a°ƒ: H ]n d-joZv (Xn-cq¿), lm-cnkv (Zp_-bv), ju-°-Øen (Zp_-bv), lm-Pn-d, km-_n-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: kpsse-am≥ (]-d-hÆ), sk--bv-X-ehn (]m-≠n-ap‰w), k-ao-d, l-b-dp-∂ok. A≥-kod.

I-d¸³ I-S-ep-≠n: h-´-∏d-ºv ]-Sn™m-sd ]p-c-°¬ I-d∏≥(70). `mcy: Aw-_n-I. a-°ƒ: c-Xojv, Pn-j, PnXojv. a-cp-a°ƒ: tkXp, an\n.

sam-bv-Xo³-tIm-b

U‚ v ]m--te-cn A-–p≈ Xp-S-ßn-b¿ A-Âtim-N-\w tc-J-s∏-SpØn. kw-ÿm-\ ap-kvenw eo-Kv ssh-kv {]kn-U‚ v hn. sI A–p¬ Jm-Z¿ au-e-hn, I-Æq¿ Pn-√m ap-kv-enw eo-Kv sk-{I-´-dn C-{_mlow Ip-´n Xn-cp-h-´q-¿ Pn-√m ap-kv-enw eo-Kv {Sj-¿ hn. ]n h-º≥ Xp-Sßn-b-h¿ ho-Sv k-μ¿in-®p.

C-{_m-lnw

_m-ep-t»cn: In-\m-eq¿ I√n-Sp-°n¬ sam-bv-Xo≥tIm-b(70). `mcy: C-ºn®n B-bn-i. a°ƒ: A-≥h¿, ko-\-Øv, kp-\o-¿. acp-a°-ƒ: km-Pn-Z, kn-±oJv, j-_v-\.

a-dn-bm-½ Xn-cp-h-√: C-c-hn-t]-cq¿ sIm-‰n-im-en tam-Sn-bn¬ ssX-∏-d-ºn¬ Sn Sn Nmt°m-bp-sS `m-cy a-dn-bmΩ (Ip-™-Ω 77) kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v cm-hn-e H-a-ºXn-\v ]m-a-e Kn-e-bm-Zv sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: ssS-‰-kv Sn tP-°-_v. tPm¨-k¨, tXm-a-kv Sn tP-°-_v , kmw Sn tP-°_v .

_ohn hSIc: ]Xnbmc°c c≠psXßp≈Xn¬ ]tcX\mb aΩphns‚ `mcy _ohn(76). ktlmZc߃: ^mØna, ]tcXcmb sambvXp, lssk\m¿, Abntim-Ω.

G-en-¡p-«n apcn-°m-ticn: sh-´pI-t√¬ am-Xyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n (79).kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D-®-bv-°p H-∂n-\p a°ƒ: tPm¿-Pv (^mŒv,Bep-h), tPm-k^v,sse-k-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: en≥-kn, sdPn ]m-d-bv-°¬,Pm-\‰v.

C \m-cm-bW-\v \m-Sn-sâ bm{Xm-sam-gn Xet»cn: {]ap-J k-l-Im-cn-bpw kn.]n.Fw. I-Æq¿ Pn√m I-Ωn-‰nbw-K-hpw d_vtIm sN-b¿-am-\pamb C \m-cm-b-W-\v \m-Sn-s‚ bm{Xsamgn. ar-X-tZ-lw ho\-kv P-Mv-j\n-se kn-‰n-sk‚-dn¬ {]-tXy-Iw k-÷o-I-cn-® ÿe-Øv C∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-tem-sS kw-kv-I-cn®p. a-teky-bnse Izm-em-ew-]q-cn¬ lr-Z-bm-LmX-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v A-¥-cn-® \m-cm-bWs‚ ar-X-tZlw C∂se s\-Sp-ºm-t»-cn hnam\Øm-h-f-Øn¬ F-Øn-®p. A-hnsS-\n∂v kn.]n.Fw. kwÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn ]n-W-dm-bn hn-P-b≥, t]m-fn-‰v _yqtdm AwKw tIm-Sntb-cn _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ F-∂n-h¿ G-‰p-hmßn-b ti-jw sh-fp-∏n\v 5.30Hm-sS kz-¥w hoSm-b a-Æ-bms´ k-l-Im-cn `-h-\n¬ F-Øn-®p.

A-hn-sS \n∂v cm-hn-se H-º-tXmsS Xp-d-∂ hm-l-\-Øn¬ \-K-c-k`-bp-sS Su¨ lm-fn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿i-\-Øn-\v h®p. ]n-W-dm-bn hnPb-≥, tIm-Sn-tb-cn _m-e-Ir-jvW-≥, C ]n \m-cm-bW≥, ]n P-bcm-P≥, Fw hn P-b-cmP≥, ]n sI {io-aXn, sI sI ssie-P, a{¥n sI ]n tam-l\≥, {]-^. sI F k-c-f, hn hn Z-£n-Wm-aq¿Øn, Ffa-cw I-cow, ]n I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ Fw.]n, Fw kp-tc-{μ≥, kn.]n.sF. kwÿm-\ sk-{I´-dn ]-∂y≥ c-ho-{μ≥, kn F≥ N-{μ≥, kn ]n ap-cfn, F _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, ]pXp-°q-Sn {]-Zo]≥, kn ]n ssjP≥, _n.sP.]n tZio-b sk-{I´dn ]n sI Ir-jv-W-Zmkv, tIm¨{K-kv t\-Xm-°fm-b aº-dw Zn-hmI-c-≥, hn F \m-cm-bW≥, k-Pohv am-tdmfn, Fw ]n A-c-hn-μm-£-

≥, I-Æq¿ {]-kv¢-∫v {]-kn-U‚ v sI F≥ _m-_p, ]-{X-{]-h-¿-ØI bq-\n-b≥ kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰nbw-Kw kn ]n kp-tc-{μ≥, a{¥n kn F-≥ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥- Xp-Sßn-bh¿ ar-X-tZ-l-Øn¬ do-Øv k-a¿-∏n-®p. ap-kvenw eo-Kv t\-Xm-°fm-b AUz. sI F e-Øo^v, kn sI ]n a-Ωp F-∂n-hcpw B¿.F-kv.]n. afi-ew sk-{I´-dn kn-±o-Jv hen-b-I-Øv, sF.F≥.F¬. kwÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚ v F-kv F ]p-Xnb-h-f-∏n¬, I-S-∂-∏-≈n cm-a-N-{μ≥, Np-cym-bn N-{μ≥, sI sI P-b{]-Im-iv Xp-S-ßn-b-h-cpw A-t¥ym]-Nm-cw A¿-∏n-°m-s\-Øn. ]ctX-t\m-Sp-≈ B-Z-c-kq-N-I-ambn X-e-t»cn, Iq-Øp-]d-ºv \-K\m-cm-bW-s‚ ar-X-tZ-l-Øn-¬ kn.]n.Fw. kwÿm-\ sk-{I´-dn ]n-W-dm-bn hn-P-b≥ ck-`m ]-cn-[n-I-fn¬ C∂-se l¿- C A¥n-tam-]-Nm-cw A¿-∏n-°p∂p Øm¬ B-N-cn®p.

Ip-ac - \ - √q¿: Ip-ac - \ - √q¿ A-ta-‰n-°c - kz-tZ-in ]-ºbn¬ Ipg-™v ho-Wv a-cn®p. h≥-]p-≈n ]-d-ºn¬ N{μ≥ (62) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. k-tlm-Zc - s - ‚ aI-s‚ Ip-´n-bp-sS tNm-dq-Wn-\v i_-cn a-eb - n¬ t]m-bn Xn-cn-®v hcsh ]-º-bn¬ Ipg-™v ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. D-S≥ Xs∂ _-‘p-°ƒ A-Sp-Øp≈ tlm-kv-]n-‰-en¬ FØn-®p-sh-¶nepw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn√. `mcy: X¶.

temdn-bn-Sn-¨v ss_-¡v bm-{Xn-I³ a-cn¨p IqSmfn: temdnbnSn®v ss_°v bm{XnI\mb bp-hmhv acn®p. C∂se cm-{Xn 8.30Hm-sS IqSmfn tIm-tømS≥ NmenemWv A]I-Sw. \mbm´p]md tNmebnse A°≠n ho´n¬ ]tcX\mb _m-e≥-˛-Im¿-Xymb\n ZºXnI-fpsS a-I≥ F _nPphm(25)Wv acn®-Xv. πw-_nMv sXmgn-em-fn-bm-Wv. IqSmfn Xm-t‰yms´ Hcp-ho´n¬ \n∂v tPmenIgn™p \mbm-´p-]mdbnte°v ss_-°n¬ t]mhpIbmbncp-∂p. a´-∂q¿ `mKØp-\n∂v IÆq¿ `mKtØ°v F-Xntch∂ temdnbmWv CSn®p-sXdn∏n®-Xv. CSnbpsS BLm-XØn¬ tdmUnte°v sXdn®phoW _nPp XZv£W - w acn-®p. temdnbpsS AanXthKamWv A]I-SØ - n-\p Im-cW - w. _nPphns‚ ]nXmhv cmLh≥ 40 ZnhkwapºmWv AkpJ-_m[n-X-\mbn acn®Xv. a´∂q¿ t]menkv C≥-IzÃv \S-Øn. ktlmZc߃: D√mkv, kp`m-jv.

amXm-hn-s\ sImÃm³ {i-an-¨ ]n-Xm-hn-s\ a-I³ A-Sn-¨psIm-¶p I√-d: a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ am-X-hns\ sIm√m≥ {ian-® ]n-Xm-hn-s\ bp-hmhv X-Sn-°j-Ww sIm-≠v A-Sn-®psIm-∂p. `-c-X-∂q¿ ssa-e-aq-Sv th-e≥-ap°v k-Xy-aw-Ke-Øv ho-´n¬ kp-`m-jv t_m-kv (41) BWv I-gn-™ Znh-kw cm{Xn sIm√s∏-´Xv. {]Xn kp-[o-jv(19)s\ t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-SpØp. \n-ch-[n tI-kp-I-fn¬ {]-Xn-bpw ÿn-cw -aZy-]m-\n-bp-am-Wv a-cn-® kp-`m-jv. C-°-gn-™ hym--gm-g-vN D-®-bv-°m-Wv kw-`-h-ß-fp-sS XpS°w. a-Zy-]n-®v hn-´n-seØnb kp-`m-jv ho-´p-]I-c-W-߃ \-in-∏n-°p∂-Xmbn a-Iƒ {ip-Xn Iq-en-th-e-bv-°v t]m-bncp-∂ am-Xm-hv kn-‘p-hns\ t^m-Wn¬ hn-fn-®-dn- kp-`m-jv t_m-kv bn-®p. Xp-S¿∂v kn-‘phpw a-I≥ kp-[o-jpw ho--´n-seØn. C-Xn-\n-sS kp-`m-jpw a-I\pw XΩn¬ hm-t°-‰hpw A-Sn-]n-Snbpw \-S-∂p. C-cp-hscbpw ]n-¥n-cn-∏n-°m≥ {i-an-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS kn‘p-hn-s\ kp-`m-jv B-{I-an-°m≥ {i-an-®p. CtXm-sS C-cp-hcpw A-Sp-Ø-ho-´n¬ A-`-bw-tXSn. cm-{Xn-bn¬ ho≠pw A-—\pw a-I-\pw X-Ωn¬ kwL¿-j-ap-≠m-hp-I-bpw kp-[o-jn-s‚ A-Sn-tb-‰v ho-Sn\v k-ao]-sØ Im-∏n a-c-®p-h-´n¬ kp-`m-jv ho-gpIbpw sNbvXp. a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ ho-W-XmIm-sa-∂v I-cp-Xn kp-[o-jv am-Xmhpw k-tlm-Zcnbpw A`--bw tXSn-b ho-´n-te-°v t]mbn. ]p-e¿s® ho-´n¬ a-S-ßn-sb-Øn-b kn-‘p-hm-Wv a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ kp-`m-jn-s\ I-≠Xv. kn-‘phpw kp-[o-jpw tPm-en-sN-bv-Xv sIm≠p-h-cp-∂ ]-Ww kp-`mjv `o-j-Wn-s∏-Sp-Øn X´n-sb-Sp-Øm-Wv a-Zy-]n-®n-cp-∂Xv. C-bm-fp-sS A{I-aw k-ln-°-h-øm-sX kp-[o-jv A-Sp-Øn-sS hoSp-hn´v F-d-Wm-Ipf-sØ _m-dn¬ tPmen-t\m-°nh-cn-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. A-Sp-Øn-sS kp-`m-jn-s‚ B{Ia-Ww k-ln-°m≥ I-gn-bm-sX h-∂-tXm-sS aIs\ kn-‘p -ho-´n-te-°v hn-fn-®p-h-cp-Øp-I-bm-bncp∂p. \m-´p-Im¿ hn-h-c-a-dn-bn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v In-fn-am-\q¿ kn.sF A-tim-I‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep≈ t]m-en-kv kw-L-sa-Øn sX-fn-hp-Iƒ tiJ-cn®p. kp-[o-jv t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-em-Wv. kp-`m-jn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti--jw ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ kw-kv-I-cn®p.

]-Ýn-a-L-«w-: -_-ln-jv-I-c-Ww {]-Xn-]-£w ]p-\¸-cn-tim-[n-¡-W-w-þ ko-tdm a-e-_mÀ k-` Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]-›n-a-L-´- kw-c-£-W-Øn-s‚ a-d-hn¬ tI-c-f-Øn-se P-\-km-{μ-X-tb-dn-b 123 hnt√-Pp-Iƒ ]-cn-ÿn-Xn- Zp¿-_-e-{]-tZ-i-ß-fm-bn tI{μ-k¿-°m¿ {]-Jym-]n-°-s∏-Sm≥ H-cp-ßp-∂ ]-›mØ-e-Øn¬ ap-Jy-a-{¥n hn-fn-®p-tN¿-Øn-cn-°p-∂ k¿-h-I-£n-tbm-Kw _-ln-jv-I-cn-°m-\p-≈ {]-Xn-]£ Xo-cp-am-\w I-Sp-Ø A-\o-Xn-bpw P-\-h-©-\-bpam-sW-∂v ko-tdm a-e-_m¿ k-` A-ev-am-b I-Ωoj≥. ]-›n-a-L-´-Øn-se e-£-°-W-°n-\v P-\-߃ t\-cn-Sp-∂ Cu {]-iv-\-Øn¬ I-£n-cm-jv-{So-b-Øn-\Xo-X-am-bn Iq-´m-b Nn-¥-bpw k-a-hm-b-hpw A-\n-hmcy-am-Wv. ap-Jy-a-{¥n hn-fn-®p-tN¿-Øn-cn-°p-∂ k¿h-I-£n-tbm-K-Øn¬ F-√m cm-jv-{So-b t\-Xr-Xz-ßfpw k-∂-≤-kw-L-S-\-I-fpw k-l-I-cn-°-Ww. P-\ß-tfm-Spw P-\-Io-b-{]-iv-\-ß-tfm-Spw A-flm¿-Y-Xbp-s≠-¶n¬ k¿-h-I-£n-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ \n-∂v amdn-\n¬-°p-sa-∂ Xo-cp-am-\w {]-Xn-]-£w ]p-\∏-cntim-[n-°-W-sa-∂v A-ev-am-b I-Ωo-j≥ sk-{I-´-dn A-Uz. hn -kn -sk-_m-Ãy≥ A-`y¿-Yn-®p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

19 H-IvtSm-_¿ 2013 i\n

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n ]-cn-t¡-äv bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p ap-l-½-Zv Im-knw

APn-X-Ip-amcn

P-\mÀ-±-\-]n-Å

\Scm-P³ B-Nmcn

kÔy

_-jo-À

{io-[-c³ \mbÀ

X¦¸³

I-g-°q-´w: tXm-∂-bv°¬- `q-Xm-\-tIm-f-\nB-_n-Zm-a≥-kn¬ ap-lΩ-Zv- Im-knw (78). -`m-cy-: dw-em-_o-hn.- a-°ƒ: Ako-\m-_o-hn, A-ko-kv, A-ko-Xm-_o-hn, A-kow, B-_n-Zm-_o-hn, B-cn-^_o-hn, A-∫m-kv, A-^pem-_o-hn, B-jn-°v-lpssk≥ (te-J-I≥, -kndm-Pv-,- I-g-°q-´w), B-an-\, A-j-d-^p-±o≥.- a-cp-a°ƒ: -a¿-lpw ap-l-Ω-Zvkm-en, l-b-dp-\n-k, lmjn-ap-±o≥, -s\-ko-a, K^q¿, A≥-km-cn, km-Pn\, -P-eo¬, A-ao-\ -Bjn-°v, \n- mw, jm-\n^.- {io-Im-cyw- ap-kv-eowP-am-A-Øv J_¿ÿm\n¬ J-_-d-S°n.

tImh-fw: sI F-kv tdmUv ap-´-bv-°m-Sv APn-X `h-\n¬ cm-Pp-hn-s‚ `m-cy A-Pn-X-Ip-am-cn (50). a°ƒ: c-Pn-X, \n-In-Xm cmPv, Pn-Pn≥ cmPv. a-cp-a°ƒ: jn_n, cm-Pohv.

`-c-X-∂q¿: I-cn-ß-S KoXm-`-h-\n¬ P-\m¿-±-\ ]n≈ (82). `m-cy: X¶-Ω. a-°ƒ: Ko-X (^m¿-a-knÃv), {ioe-Xm cmPv (A[ym]nI), kp-`mjv (KoXm sS-Iv-Ã-bn¬-kv, eXm-tÃm¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\n¬-Ipam¿ (k-_v c-Pn-kv-{Sm¿), cm-tP-{μ≥ \mb¿ (Fkv.sF. t]m-en-kv B-ÿm-\w), cq-] (^m¿a-kn-Ãv).

hn-Xp-c: ta-a-e X-Æn°pf-Øp ho-´n¬ \-S-cmP≥ B-Nm-cn (80). `mcy: k-c-kz-Xn A-Ωmƒ. a°ƒ: C-μn-c, Pe-P, tam-l-\≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: cmP≥, kp-Ip-amc≥, aRv-Ppj.

sh-™m-d-aqSv: a-°mwtIm-Ww a-°mw-tImWØv ho-´n¬ i-¶-c-]n≈˛kpio-e Z-º-Xn-I-f-psS a-Iƒ k-‘y (36). ktlm-Zc≥: k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿.

Im-´m°-S: In-≈n ko-\ a≥-kn-en¬ _-jo¿ (48) `m-cy: ko-\Øv. J-_-dS°w C-∂v cm-hnse.

sh-™m-d-aqSv: ssX-°mSv hn-im-J-Øn¬ X-¶∏≥ (72). `mcy: kp-Ipamcn. a°ƒ: P-b-{]Imiv, jn_p, A-`nemjv. a-cp-a°ƒ: Zo-], Xp-jm-c, k‘y.

am-[-hn

ssI-X-ap-°v: ssI-X-ap°v B-\-°p-gn sse-\n¬ Fw.B¿.F˛ aq-∂n¬ {io \n-e-b-Øn¬ sdbn¬-th D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ {io-[-c≥ \m-b¿ (57). `mcy: {io-tZhn. a°ƒ: A-izXn, A-PnXv. a-cpaI≥: kp-tc-jv.

]mem: Rm-h-≈n¬ sXt°¬ tPmk-^v tXm-akv (tPm-fn˛dn-´. Fkv._n.Sn. am-t\-P¿˛61). `mcy: sU-bv-kn. a°ƒ: kpan, A\p. a-cp-a°ƒ: tdm-_n≥ amXyp, tdm-_n≥ tPmkv.

k-c-kz-Xn A-½mÄ sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fPv: {io-Imcyw I-]n-bw ]-d-bvt°m-Sv se-bv-\n¬ ]-tcX\m-b X-¶-∏-\m-im-cnbp-sS `m-cy k-c-kz-Xn AΩmƒ (78). a°ƒ: Pe-P, cmP≥. a-cp-aI≥: ]-tc-X\m-b A-ø-∏≥.

ao-\m-£n A½

sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fPv: Xmg-Øv hn-fmI-Øv Bim `-h-\n¬ cm-a-N-{μ≥ ]n-≈ (53). `mcy: B¿ Ip-amcn. a°ƒ: B-im cm-a-N-{μ≥, A-cp¨ cm-aN-{μ≥. a-cp-aI≥: B¿ B¿ Zzn-eo-]v.

sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: ]p-√q-‰v Nm-∏m-d s]m-∂-º-Øv ]tc-X-\m-b sk-bv-Xp-ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ `m-cy ]mØp(83). a-°ƒ: kp-sse-am≥, Pao-e, d-kn-b, \m-k¿, P∫m¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, A–p¬ k-emw, A-–pdln-am≥- Ip-´n, \q-dp-\n-k, sse-e.

sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fPv: {io-Imcyw B-bm-Ip∂n¬ sXm-Sn-bn¬ ho´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b sN√∏≥ ]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy ao\m-£n A-Ω (86). a°ƒ: eo-em `-Kh-Xn A-Ω, tkm-a-ti-J-c≥ \mb¿, a-[p-Ip-am-c≥ \mb¿, tim-`-Ip-amcn, A\n¬-Ip-am¿, A-\n-X-Ipamcn. a-cp-a°ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥ \mb¿, t{]-ae-X, kp-[mIp-amcn, ap-c-fo-[-c≥ \mb¿, tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b¿.

{]-k-¶-Ip-am-c³ \mbÀ

Hm-a-\ A-½

tZ-h-In

Im-´m°-S: Ip-f-Øp-Ω¬ {]-im-¥n¬ {]-k-∂-Ipam-c≥ \m-b¿ (63). tIcf tIm˛Hm-∏-td-‰o-hv Fw-tπm-bo-kv bq-\n-b≥ ap≥ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw Pn√m sk-{I´-dn kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n AwKw, Aw-ºq-cn k¿-ho-kv klI-c-W _m-¶v ap≥ sk-{I´-dn F-∂o \n-e-Ifn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp∂p. \n-e-hn¬ Ip-f-Øp-Ω¬ d-kn-U‚ v-kv sh¬-s^b¿ k-lI-c-W kw-Lw {]-kn-U‚mWv. `mcy: hk-¥-Ip-am-cn A-Ω. a°ƒ: hn ]n {]-hn-X, hn ]n {]-im¥v. a-cp-aI≥: B¿ hn {io-Pn-Øv.

t]mØ≥-tImSv: I-cq¿, Nq-≠p-hn-f tc-h-Xn-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b B-t°m-Sv {io-[-c≥ \m-b-cp-sS `mcy Hm-a-\ A-Ω (76). a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am¿ \mb¿, ap-c-fo-[-c≥ \mb¿, N-{μh√n A-Ω. N-{μ≥ \mb¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: Aw-_n-I-Ipamcn, D-j-Ip-amcn, am-[h≥-Ip´n, A-ºn-fn.

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: I-t√-en`m-Kw \-co-©n tIm-f-\nbn¬ sIm-®p \m-W-hns‚ `m-cy tZ-h-In(59). a°ƒ: {]-km-Zv, hn-t\m-Zv, h-k-¥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\nX, kp-Pn-X, kp-tc-jv.

cma-N-{µ³-]nÅ

shų I¬-]-Øq¿: ap-bn-t∏mØv F-S-t®-cn-®m-en¬ sh-≈≥(80). `mcy: ]-dmbn. a°ƒ: Pm-\In, Ia-e, IeymWn, kp-tcjv, do-\, kp\n, kp-\n-X, _nμp, kp-[o-jv a-cp-a°ƒ: AcpW≥, b-ap-\, th-embp[≥, {]-Imi≥, ]-tcX\m-b i-¶c≥.

]m-¯p

I-eym-Wn ]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: sN-dmbn Np-≈n-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b \m-cm-b-W-s‚ `mcy I-eym-Wn (75). a-°ƒ: A-tim-I≥, aWn-I-WvT≥ (a-kv-I-Øv), th-Wp, in-h-Zm-k≥ (Km¿-s\-‰v ssS-te-gv-kv, X-߃-∏-Sn), Iu-k-ey, A-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-™p-Æn, kp-tc-jv, ssj-e-P, ssj-\n, en-Pn, k-Pn-X.

\mkÀ sNß-fw: th-en-°IØv ho-´n¬ \m-k¿(52). J-_-dS-°w \-SØn. `m-cy:Pp-ss_-cn-bØv.

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: Xn-cp-h-{X ]tc-X-\m-b am-sº-‰ A-∏pÆn `m-cy am-[-hn(80). a°ƒ: N-{μ≥, kp-{_≥, Zn-hm-I-c≥, kp-[m-I-c≥, hn-P-b≥, i-Ip-¥-f. a-cpa-°ƒ: a-t\m-l-c≥, imc-Z, cp-‹nWn, D-j, N-{μmh-Xn, ]-tc-X-bm-b I-aep.

B-en Nm-h-°m-Sv: Xn-cp-h-{X Ip-t©-cn sh-´n-°m-´n¬ B-en (72). `m-cy: Ip™n-tamƒ. a-°ƒ: A–p¬ \m-k¿, A-–p¬P-∫m¿ , ku-Z, km-Pn-X, \-Zo-d, Zm-^n-b, ssk-^p∂n-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _jo¿, D-kv-am≥, e-Øo-^v, \m-kn¿, l-\o-^, si-anP, ko-\-Øv-, d-Po-\.

]n Fkv ImÀ¯n-tI-b³

tNf-∂q¿: Im-´n¬-]o-SnI-bn¬ sI ]n {ioa-Xn (66).

ssh°w: Ahn`‡ IΩyqWnÃv ]m¿´nbpsS ssh°sØ BZyIme t\Xmhpw, I¿jIsØmgnemfn bq\nb≥ sk{I´dnbpambncp∂ ssh°w t]mfticn C√n°¬ ]n Fkv Im¿ØntIb≥ (68) . AkpJsØØpS¿∂v FdWmIpfw eq¿Zv Bip]{Xnbn¬ NnIn¬kbnembncp∂p. kwkvImc®Sßn¬ ssh°w hniz≥, ]n sI lcnIp-am¿, F∂nh¿ kw_‘n®p. `mcy: `m¿Khn. a°ƒ: Im¿ØntIb≥, hnt\mZv, kp¿PnØv (kzn‰vk¿e‚ v), kpIvkmtamƒ. acpaI≥: kptcjv (t]menkv tIm¨k‰_nƒ).

tPmk-^v tXm-a-kv

sam-bv-Xo³-tIm-b _m-ep-t»cn: In-\m-eq¿ I√n-Sp-°n¬ sam-bvXo≥-tIm-b(70). `mcy: C-ºn-®n B-bn-i. a°ƒ: A-≥-h¿, ko-\Øv, kp-\o-¿. a-cp-a°-ƒ: km-Pn-Z, kn-±o-Jv, j-_v\.

{io-a-Xn

kn-²o-Jv Nm-h-°m-Sv: H-cp-a-\-bq¿ X-߃-]-Sn \m-e-I-Øv Ip-dp-h-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb sam-bv-Xp-Æn-bp-sS aI≥ kn-≤o-J v(52). sI.]n.kn.kn. hn-Nm¬ hn-`m-Kv H-cp-a-\-bq¿ afi-ew sN-b¿-am-\m-bncp-∂p. `m-cy: _¬-°o-kv. a-°ƒ: \-hm-^v, \-Pm-Zv, X-em¬.

ap-l-½-Zp-®n lm-Pn Nm-h-°m-Sv: H-cp-a-\-bq¿ sX-t°-X-e-°¬ ]-≈n°-Sp-Øv F-S-°-gn-bq¿ h´w-]-d-ºn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zp-Æn lm-Pn (66). `m-cy: B-an\-Ip-´n. a-°ƒ: k-Po¿(A-_q-Zm_n), sse-e, k-do-\, Ad-^. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-a-cn-ø, Aj-d-^v, A-j-d-^v (A_q-Zm-_n), sj-^o¿.

tPmÀ-Öv

Xn-cph√: Nm-ض-cn amen-t»-cn¬ Ip-dp-h-Sn-b¬ Ip-™-pΩ≥ Ip-cp-hn-f (Ip-™p sN-dp-°≥˛86). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbm-b AΩnWn. a°ƒ: eo-em-Ω,t__n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶-®≥ , tPmkv.

Fcp-taen: I\-I-∏ew sNdp-]m-d-tbØv kn Fw tPm¿÷v (Ip-™pIp-´n˛83). kwkvImcw \msf 3\v. `mcy: kmdmΩ. a°ƒ: s]m∂-®≥, _m_p, tamfn, an\n. acp-a-°ƒ: im¥Ω, sP n, sIm®p-tam≥, PK-Zojv.

Ip-ªp½³ Ip-cp-hnf

c-am-tZ-hn

tZ-h-In

l-_o-_p-Å

G-en-iz

Ip-≠-d: t]-c-bw tXm´pw- I-tcm-´p ho-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b X-¶-∏≥-]n-≈bp-sS `m-cy s]m-∂-Ω-bΩ (86). a-°ƒ: _m-e≥]n-≈ (hn-c-an-® B-tcmKy-h-Ip-∏v Po-h-\-°mc≥), ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-c-fn[-c≥-]n-≈, {io-I-WvT≥ N-{µ-Ip-am-cn-b-½ \m-b¿ (K-h. {]- v Po-hs]m≥-Ip-∂w: sX-t°\-°m-c≥, Xn-cp-h-\-¥Øp-I-h-e tIm-bn-∏p-d]p-cw), a-Wn-I-WvT≥-]nØv ]-tc-X-\m-b sI ]n ≈ (A-en≥-Uv), iym-a-fX-¶-∏≥-\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Ip-am-cn (_n.-F-kv.-F≥.Fw B¿ N-{μ-Ip-am-cn-b- F¬. Po-h-\-°m-cn), c-aΩ (62˛ dn-´. k-_v-Un-hn- Wn (A-¶-W-hm-Sn), Cj≥ F≥-Pn-\o-b¿ μn-c (A-¶-W-hm-Sn) _n.F-kv.F≥.F¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-£v-an-°p-´ns]m≥-Ip-∂w). kw-kv-Im- b-Ω, ]-fl-Ip-am-cn-b-Ω, cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v c-≠n-\v {io-tZ-hn-b-Ω, ssj-e-P, ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. ]-tc-X hm- ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a-N-{μ≥gq¿ I-S-hpw-Ip-t∂¬ Ip- ]n-≈, N-{μ-ti-J-c≥-]nSpw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: A≈, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-c-hnPn-Xvem¬, A-Rv-P-en Sn μm-£≥-]n-≈. \m-b¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tKm]-Ip-am¿, [-\y. t{X-kym-¡p-«n sN-ºp-ap-°v: N-Ω-WnPm-\-In tbm-S-Øv tPm¨ `m-cy ]-d-∏q¿: t]m-t∂m¿ Nm- t{X-kym-°p-´n (76). agn-Ip-fw ]-tc-X-\m-b {]°ƒ: F¬-kn, ta-cn, ]`m-I-c-s‚ `m-cy Pm-\b-kv, B-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: In(59). a-°ƒ: kn-‘p, F F-Iv-kv am-Xyp, tPmssj-\n. Wn, dm-Wn, tPm¨-.

Ip-≠-d: X-f-hq¿-t°mWw a-\-¶-c-ho-´n¬ c-amtZ-hn(61). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 10.30\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: ss_Pp, c-ho-jv, a-\p.-hn. \mb¿. a-cp-a-Iƒ: hn-Zy. -

N-h-d: Ip-f-ß-c-`m-Kw F-kv hn `-h-\n¬ tZ-hIn(95). a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b kp-μ-tc-i≥, kpaw-K-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h-kp‘-c, hm-kp-tZ-h≥.

sIm-√w: ]-≈n-ap-°v dPo-\ ^p-Sv-sh-b¿ D-S-a h-S-t°-hn-f a-W-°m-Sv {I-k‚ v \-K¿-˛80 sN-dnb-gn-I-Øv ho-´n¬ lmPn Fw l-_o-_p≈(74). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v sIm-√q¿-hn-f apkv-enw P-am-A-Øv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `m-cy: kp-ss_-Zm-_ohn. a-°ƒ: \p-Pp-ap-±o≥, \n-km-ap-±o≥(k-u-Zn), \u-jm-Zv, \-hm-kv, \mkn-ap-±o≥(k-u-Zn). a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-ko-\, \pPp-a, t_-\-ko¿, H-koe, kn-\n-bm.

sN-dn-b-Im-hv: F-gp-am≥Øp-cp-Øn¬ a¿-t°m-kns‚ `m-cy G-eo-izm(81). kw-kv-Im-cw ssh-Io-´v aq∂v a-Wn-°v sk‚ v tPmk-^v-kv sN-dn-b-IS-hv ]≈n- sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ: tPm-k^v, ^ntem-an-\, tdm°n, s]{Sojy, tPm¿Pv, sS n, enkn. a-cp-a°ƒ: PnPn, tPm-k^v, _o-\, tPmbn, sP-bvkn, kmPp, B‚Wn.

tUm. Fw ]n tIm-c

tPm-k-^v

tIm-X-awK-ew: \-K-cØn-se B-Zy Fw-._n._n.F-kv. tUm-Œdpw Fw.-_n-.F. -\-gv-kn-Mv tlmw ÿm-]-I-\p-am-b a-‰-a-\ -h-en-b-ho-´n¬ tUm. Fw ]n tIm-c(88).kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p D®-bv°v 2\p am¿-tXm-a≥sN-dn-b-]-f-fn- sk-antØcnbn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b A∂Ω. a-°ƒ: tUm.t]mƒ- tImc (A-kn. s{]-^. sIm®n- sa-Un°¬- tIm-fPv),tUm-fn(s^bv-Øv- A°mZ-an, \yq-U¬-ln) tPm-fn, t]m-fn, sF-k°vtIm-c (Fw-._n-.Fw.- CeIv-{Sn-°¬-kv, tIm-XawK-ew). a-cp-a-°ƒ: tUm. sk-dn≥-t]mƒ(tP-°-_v- sa-tΩm-dn-b¬ s]-cp-ºm-hq¿), tPmk^v ]p-Øq-cm≥ (F-UvPvsh-b¿- sS-°-t\m-f-Pn, \yq-U¬-ln), Sn- ]n tPmkv Xp-cp-Øp-Ωm-en¬- (dn´. sI.F-k.vC._n-. F©n-\o-b¿), A-Uz.tPm¿Pv Ip-cphn-f tIm-e-t©cn, sa-do-\- sFk-°v.

s]cp-ºS-∏v: Ip-d-∏-ti-cn H-ut-- k-∏ns‚ a-I≥ tPmk^v(86). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p s]-cp-ºS-∏v km¥m-{Iq-kv N¿-®v skantØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: tPmbn, jo-e, ko-\, km_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-j, B‚Wn, Ip™p-tam≥, enkn.

Aen-bmÀ

G-en-¡p-«n

tIm-X-aw-Kew: ]-co°Æn Ip-‰w-th-en Ip-´p߬ A-en-bm¿(84). J_-dS-°w \-SØn. `m-cy: JZo-P, Ip-‰w-th-en In-fntb-en¬ Ip-Spw-_mwKw. a°ƒ: ]m-Øp-Ω, ap-lΩZv, P-aoe, sF-j, Pam¬, kmP¿, A-∫mkv. a-cp-a°ƒ: B-an-\, Aen, C-{_m-lnw, ssee, kpl-d, sse-e, ]-tcX\m-b A-en-bm¿.

apcn-°m-ticn: sh-´p-It√¬ am-Xyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n (79). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D-®-bv°v H-∂n-\p cm-P-]p-cw {In-kv-Xpcm-P ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]m-e N°mwIp-t∂¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ : tPm¿-Pv (^mŒv,Bep-h), tPm-k-^v, sse-k-Ω . a-cp-a°ƒ: en≥-kn, sdPn ]m-d-bv-°¬, Pm-\‰v.

s]m-¶-½-b-½

^n-tem-an-\ cm-P-]p-cw: ]-Sp-∏v ]p-fn¶m-e-bn¬ A-{_-lm-ans‚ `m-cy ^n-tem-an-\ (54). a-°ƒ: jn-\n, jnt\m-bv, jn-tPm. a-cp-a°ƒ: sP-bv-tam≥ sIm®p-I-tcm-´v, A-\-y-tamƒ.

]-¡À-Ip-«n-lm-Pn Xm-a-c-t»-cn: A-Sn-hm-cw Ip-Sp-°n¬-s]m-bn¬ ]°¿-Ip-´n-lm-Pn(87). `mcy: IZo-P. a-°ƒ:A–p¬ a-Po-Zv, A-–p¬ \m-k¿, A-bap, A-jv-d^vv , A-–p¬d-joZv _n®n , ^mØna , dw-e, ko\-Øv . a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-en, ss^-k¬, A-–p¬ JmZ¿, k-^n-b, P-ao-e, j-ao-\, km-Pn-Z, A-ao-\.

a-Ãn-I A-¥n-°m-Sv: ap-‰n-®q¿ Ddp-ºn¬ _m-e≥ `m-cy a√n-I(61). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 10\v.

sam-bv-Xp F-S-Øn-cp-Øn: Iq-´-aw-Kew A-d-°-ho-´n¬ sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n a-I≥ sam-bvXp(78).`m-cy: sIm-®m-an\. a-°ƒ: sj-°o¿, sj°o-e, jm-Pn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: dw-e,bq-k-^v, aqk.

cm-tP-{µ³ \m-bÀ

cm-a³-Ip-«n-\mbÀ t]-cm{º: ]q\-sØ hmg-bn¬ cm-a≥-Ip-´n-\mb¿(62). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbmb c-aWn. aI≥: c-\ojv.

\_okp

sN-ß-∂q¿: s]-Æp-°-c sX-°v ]p-t∂m-en¬ ]tc-X\m-b i-¶-c-°p-dp-∏ns‚ `m-cy Ip-™p-Ip-´n-bΩ (87). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D®bv°v c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.

Nm-e-°p-Sn: ap-cp-ßq¿ C-S-ap-f cm-tP-{μ≥ \mb¿(65). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 9.30\v Nm-e-°p-Sn \K-c-k-` s]mXp-ivaim\Øn¬. `m-cy: hn-t\m-Zn-\n. a-°ƒ: tc-J, c-Lp, cXo-jv. a-cp-a-I≥: _n-Pp.

hn-em-kn-\n-b-½

sIm-¨-¸³

hn-tÎmdn-b ]u-temkv

a-dn-bm-½ -hÀ-Ko-kv

-acSv: Ip-≠-∂q¿ sF-Iyc- ho-´n¬- ]-tc-X\m-b inhi-¶-c ta-t\m-s‚ `m-cy I-tS-°p-gn hn-em-kn-\n-bΩ(87). kw-kv-Im-cw \SØn. a°ƒ: P-b-{io, Ip-amcn, tKm-]-Ip-am¿. acp-a°ƒ: tam-l≥ tat\m≥, th-WptKm-]m¬, kp-ja.

]dhq¿:\-¥ym-´p-Ip-∂w I-cnb-Øv A-ºm-´p-ho´n¬ ]-tc-Xbm-b k-cfmtZ-hn-bp-sS `¿-Øm-hv Xcp-hm-¶p-fw ln¬-∏me-kv ]-d-∏-≈n-ho-´n-¬ ]n- sI sIm-®-∏≥(77) a-°-ƒ: hn-t\m-Zv- sIm®∏≥, am-bm cm-tP-jv (sNss∂). a-cp-a°ƒ: tUm. im-en-\n hn-t\mZv, cm-tP-jv N-{μ≥. kw-kvIm-cw 11 a-Wn-°v ]-d-hq¿ \-¥ym-´p-Ip-∂w A-ØmWn-°v k-ao-]-ap-≈ ho-´ph-f-∏n¬.

B-ep-h: Bep-h ]-t´-cn∏p-dw ]p-fn-°¬ ]u-temkv `m-cy hn-tŒm-dn-b (81). kw-kv-Im-cw \-SØn. a°ƒ: F¬- kn h¿Kokv, ]n ]n tPm¨, enkn tPmkv, jmPn. a-cpa°ƒ: h¿-Kokv, ta-cn tPm¨, tPm-k^v, kn‘p jm-Pn.

sIm®n: C-S-∏-f-fn-bn¬ ]m-d-bn¬- lu-kn¬ ]tc-X\m-b Im-\-d _m-¶v dn-´. D-tZym-Kÿ≥ h¿Ko-kn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bm-Ωh¿-Ko-kv (77). a-Iƒ:_o-\.

Ipªp-Ip-«nb-½

s]-cn-ß-Øq¿: ]p-fn-b\{ºw aq-∂-ßm-Sn-bn-se ssk-Z‚hn-S \-_o-kp (56). `¿-Øm-hv: F-kv aq-k. a°ƒ: jm-\-hm-kv, klqZv , A≥-h¿ km-ZØv , ssj-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: keow, j-aoe

sI.Fw.kn.kn. Pn-±-þ-I-®qÀ Pn-Ãm I-½-nän P-\-d sk-{I-«-dn- \ncym-X-\mbn Pn-±: sI.Fw.kn.kn. Pn-±-˛I -- -Æq¿ Pn-√m I-Ω‰n P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dnbpw ku--Zn \m-j-W¬ l-÷v sk¬ h-f-≠nb¿ P-\-d¬ Iy-]v-‰-\pam-b D-a¿ A-cn-∏m-{ºbp-sS ]n-Xm-hv I-√-SØv C-{_m-lnw (85) \ncym-X-\m-bn. hm¿-[-Iy k-l-Pam--b A-kp-J-Øm¬ Nn- I n- ¬ - k - b n- e m- b n- c p∂p. sh-≈n-bm-gv-® ]pe¿-s® I-Æq¿ A-cn-∏m{º-bn-se ho-´n-em-bn-cp∂p A-¥yw. ^m-Xzn-a, dw-e, D-a¿ (Pn-±) a°ƒ, ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip™n, A-–p-≈, l-^vk-Øv (Pm-am-Xm-°-ƒ). ]-tc-X-s‚ \n-cymW-Øn¬ sI Fw kn kn ku-Zn \m-j-W¬ I-Ω-‰n {]-kn-U‚ v sI. ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-´n, P-\d¬ sk-{I-´-dn A-jv-d^v th-ßm-Sv, ku-Zn l÷v sk¬ I¨-ho-\¿ P-am¬ h-´-s∏m-bn¬, Pn-± sk≥-{S¬ I-Ω-‰n {]-kn-U‚ v A-l-a-Zv ]m-f-bm-´v, sk-{I-´-dn A-_q-_-°¿ A-cn-{º,

{S-j-d¿ A≥-h¿ tN-css¶, ssh-kv {]-knU‚ v F-kv F¬ ]n apl-Ω-Zv Ip-™n, \nkmw a-ºm-Sv , I-Æq¿ Pn-√m I-Ω-‰n {]-knU‚ v ]m--te-cn A-–p-

≈ Xp-S-ßn-b¿ A-Âtim-N-\w tc-J-s∏-SpØn. kw-ÿm-\ ap-kvenw eo-Kv ssh-kv {]kn-U‚ v hn. sI A–p¬ Jm-Z¿ au-e-hn, I-Æq¿ Pn-√m ap-kv-enw eo-Kv sk-{I-´-dn C-{_mlow Ip-´n Xn-cp-h-´q-¿ Pn-√m ap-kv-enw eo-Kv {Sj-¿ hn. ]n h-º≥ Xp-Sßn-b-h¿ ho-Sv k-μ¿in-®p.

]u-tem-kv h-S°≥]-d-hq¿: ssIXm-cw- hm-fq-cv ]u-tem-kv (65). `m-cy:a-dn-bm-Ω. a-°ƒ: kn-Pp, kn-t\m-P,vkn-Pn-, kn\n a-cp-a-°-ƒ:Um-en-b, IÆ≥, Pn-_n.

C \m-cm-bW-\v \m-Sn-sâ bm{Xm-sam-gn Xet»cn: {]ap-J k-l-Im-cn-bpw kn.]n.Fw. I-Æq¿ Pn√m I-Ωn-‰nbw-K-hpw d_vtIm sN-b¿-am-\pamb C \m-cm-b-W-\v \m-Sn-s‚ bm{Xsamgn. ar-X-tZ-lw ho\-kv P-Mv-j\n-se kn-‰n-sk‚-dn¬ {]-tXy-Iw k-÷o-I-cn-® ÿe-Øv C∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-tem-sS kw-kv-I-cn®p. a-teky-bnse Izm-em-ew-]q-cn¬ lr-Z-bm-LmX-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v A-¥-cn-® \m-cm-bWs‚ ar-X-tZlw C∂se s\-Sp-ºm-t»-cn hnam\Øm-h-f-Øn¬ F-Øn-®p. A-hnsS-\n∂v kn.]n.Fw. kwÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn ]n-W-dm-bn hn-P-b≥, t]m-fn-‰v _yqtdm AwKw tIm-Sntb-cn _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ F-∂n-h¿ G-‰p-hmßn-b ti-jw sh-fp-∏n\v 5.30Hm-sS kz-¥w hoSm-b a-Æ-bms´ k-l-Im-cn `-h-\n¬ F-Øn-®p.

A-hn-sS \n∂v cm-hn-se H-º-tXmsS Xp-d-∂ hm-l-\-Øn¬ \-K-c-k`-bp-sS Su¨ lm-fn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿i-\-Øn-\v h®p. ]n-W-dm-bn hnPb-≥, tIm-Sn-tb-cn _m-e-Ir-jvW-≥, C ]n \m-cm-bW≥, ]n P-bcm-P≥, Fw hn P-b-cmP≥, ]n sI {io-aXn, sI sI ssie-P, a{¥n sI ]n tam-l\≥, {]-^. sI F k-c-f, hn hn Z-£n-Wm-aq¿Øn, Ffa-cw I-cow, ]n I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ Fw.]n, Fw kp-tc-{μ≥, kn.]n.sF. kwÿm-\ sk-{I´-dn ]-∂y≥ c-ho-{μ≥, kn F≥ N-{μ≥, kn ]n ap-cfn, F _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, ]pXp-°q-Sn {]-Zo]≥, kn ]n ssjP≥, _n.sP.]n tZio-b sk-{I´dn ]n sI Ir-jv-W-Zmkv, tIm¨{K-kv t\-Xm-°fm-b aº-dw Zn-hmI-c-≥, hn F \m-cm-bW≥, k-Pohv am-tdmfn, Fw ]n A-c-hn-μm-£-

≥, I-Æq¿ {]-kv¢-∫v {]-kn-U‚ v sI F≥ _m-_p, ]-{X-{]-h-¿-ØI bq-\n-b≥ kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰nbw-Kw kn ]n kp-tc-{μ≥, a{¥n kn F-≥ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥- Xp-Sßn-bh¿ ar-X-tZ-l-Øn¬ do-Øv k-a¿-∏n-®p. ap-kvenw eo-Kv t\-Xm-°fm-b AUz. sI F e-Øo^v, kn sI ]n a-Ωp F-∂n-hcpw B¿.F-kv.]n. afi-ew sk-{I´-dn kn-±o-Jv hen-b-I-Øv, sF.F≥.F¬. kwÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚ v F-kv F ]p-Xnb-h-f-∏n¬, I-S-∂-∏-≈n cm-a-N-{μ≥, Np-cym-bn N-{μ≥, sI sI P-b{]-Im-iv Xp-S-ßn-b-h-cpw A-t¥ym]-Nm-cw A¿-∏n-°m-s\-Øn. ]ctX-t\m-Sp-≈ B-Z-c-kq-N-I-ambn X-e-t»cn, Iq-Øp-]d-ºv \-Kck-`m ]-cn-[n-I-fn¬ C∂-se l¿Øm¬ B-N-cn®p.

t__n Fcp-taen: t]cq¿tXmSv Icp-ºn¬ t__n sI sP (51). kwkvImcw C∂v s{]mt∏mkv sk‚ v tPmk^kv ]≈n- skatØcnbn¬.

Ip-ª-Ðpà lm-Pn IXncq¿: Np≠ßms∏mbn¬ CSbn-se]oSnI Ip-ø≠n∏-≈n°p kao]w sI sI Ip-™-–p√ lmPn (62). `mcy: lmPnd, a°ƒ: Pkoe, Pkv-ane. acp-a°ƒ: Akokv , \mk¿.

P-bv-k¬ Hm-a-t»cn: ]m-d-bv-°¬ ]-tc-X-\mb tbm-l-∂ms‚ a-I≥ ]n ssh P-bvk¨(30).

k-®n sP-bnwkv

Hm-a-t»cn: D-≈m-´n¬ kÆn sP-bnw-kv(60).

hn-jw D-Ån sN-¶v a-cn-¨p

sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv: hn-jw D-≈n¬ sN-∂v hr-≤≥ a-cn-®p. sh-™m-d-aq-Sv tIm-en-b-t°m-Sv Ip-∂pw-]p-dØv ho-´n¬ {]-`m-I-c≥ \m-b¿ (60) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. hn-jw- D-≈n¬ sN-∂v sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-cn-s° C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw t]mkv-‰v-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn-´p-sIm-SpØp. `m-cy: h-k-¥.

s]-t{Sm-Ä ]-¼v Po-h-\-¡m-c³ t]m-en-kv Po-¸n-Sn-¨v a-cn-¨p

B-‰n-߬: h-©n-bq¿ ]-´-f hm-´¿ Sm-¶n-\p k-ao-]w hn-f-bn¬ ho-´n¬ s]-t{Smƒ ]-ºv Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-bncp-∂ Aw-_p-Pm-£≥ (60) t]m-en-kv Po-∏n-Sn-®v a-cn®p. C-∂-se cm-{Xn 10.30\v B-ew-t¶m-Sv P-Mv-j-\n¬ tdm-Uv ap-dn-®p I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bm-Wp kw-`-hw. B-‰n-߬ t]m-en-kv ÿ-e-sØ-Øn ta¬-\-S-]-SnIƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

]-Ø-\m-]p-cw: hm-l-\m-]-I-S-Øn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v NnIn¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bphm-hv a-cn-®p. Ip-∂n-t°m-Sv Ip-cm-t¶m-Sv Xp-≠p-hn-f ho´n¬ k-t¥m-jv(35) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw sNß-a-\m-Sv h-®v ss_-°pw _- pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®m-Wv A-]-I-Sw. k-l-bm-{Xn-I\m-bn-cp-∂ \n-bm-kv kw-`h ÿ-e-Øp-h-®p-X-s∂ a-cn-®p. k-t¥m-jv Xn-cp-h-\¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bncp-∂p. `m-cy: i-m-¥. a-°ƒ: k-_n-X, k-©p, kp-PnX, kp-\n-X.

ImdnSn¨v ss_¡v bm{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p

I-S-bv-°¬: Fw.kn.tdm-Un¬ \n-e-ta-en-\v k-ao-]w hm-tgm-Sv \n-b-{¥-Ww-hn-´ Im¿ ss_-°n-en-Sn-®v ss_-°v bm-{Xn-I-≥ a-cn-®p. B-‰n-߬ lm≥-ho-hnse D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ hm-tgm-Sv Fw Fw a-≥-kn-en¬ _Z-dp-±o≥(50) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se F-gn-\m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. \ne-ta¬ P-Mv-j-\n¬ \n-∂pw ho-´n-te-bv-°v a-S-ßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂ _-Z-dp-±o-s‚ ss_-°n-te-°v Xn-cp-h-\-¥]p-c-Øv \n-∂pw ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´-bv-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp∂ Im¿ \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´v C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. CSn-bp-sS B-Lm-X-Øn¬ Im¿ tdm-Un-te-°v a-dn™p. km-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ _-Z-dp-±o-s\ I-S-bv-°¬ Xmeq-°m-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c£n-°m-\m-bn-√. Im¿ bm-{Xn-I ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ kz-tZin- km-e-Ω tPm¿-Pn(60) s\ ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. \-ko-dm-_o-hn-bm-Wv _-Zdp-±o-s‚ `m-cy. a-°ƒ: ap-\o-¿, apw-Xm-kv.

A-Úm-X³ s{S-bn³ X-«n a-cn-¨p

h¿-°-e: A-⁄m-X-\m-b hr-≤-s\ s{S-bn≥ X-´n acn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se Gtgm-sS ]p-Ø≥ N-¥-°v k-ao-]w sd-bn¬-th ta¬]m-e-Øn-\p Io-gn-se sd-bn¬-th {Sm-°n-em-Wp ar-XtZ-lw Im-W-s∏-´-Xv. D-t±-iw (60) h-b-kv tXm-∂n-°pw. I-dp-Ø-Xpw ]p≈n-I-fp-ap-≈ j¿-´m-Wp th-jw. \-c-® Xm-Sn-bp-≠v. C-cp-\n-dw. ar-X-tZ-lw C≥-Iz-Ãv \-S-Øn Xn-cp-h-\-¥]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-´p≠v. C-bm-sf Ip-dn-®v F-s¥-¶n-epw hn-h-cw e-`n-°p∂-h¿ h¿-°-e t]m-en-kv A-dn-bn-°-W-sa-∂v Fkv.sF. sP F-kv {]-ho¨ A-dn-bn-®p. t^m¨ 0470˛2602333.

ss_-¡nSn-¨v A-`n-`m-j-I³ a-cn-¨p

l-cn-∏m-Sv: ss_-°pw Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v A-`n-`m-j-I≥ a-cn-®p. I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n B-Zn-\m-Sv sX°v am-cq¿ ho-´n¬ A-Uz. im-¥-Ip-am¿ (53) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11\v tZ-io-b-]m-X-bn¬ cma-]p-cw t£-{X-Øn-\v sX-°v-h-i-Øp h-®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. l-cn-∏m-S,v I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n _m-dp-I-fn¬ A-`n-`m-j-I-\m-Wv C-t±-lw. l-cn-∏m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv A-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. l-cn-∏mSv I-em-e-bw Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-b C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ c-≠v I-Æp-I-fpw Zm-\w sN-bv-Xp. i-h-kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-°pw. `mcy: tkm-Wn. a-°ƒ: A-e≥,A-eo-\. I-co-e-Ip-f-ßc t]m-eo-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn kzo-I-cn-®p.

amXm-hn-s\ sImÃm³ {i-an-¨ ]n-Xm-hn-s\ a-I³ A-Sn-¨p sIm-¶p I√-d: a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ am-X-hns\ sIm√m≥ {ian-® ]n-Xm-hn-s\ bp-hmhv X-Sn-°j-Ww sIm-≠v A-Sn-®p sIm-∂p. `-c-X-∂q¿ ssa-e-aq-Sv th-e≥-ap°v k-Xy-aw-Ke-Øv ho-´n¬ kp-`m-jv t_m-kv (41) s\-bm-Wv I-gn-™ Znh-kw cm{Xn sIm√s∏-´Xv. {]-Xn kp-[o-jv(19)s\ t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-seSp-Øp. \n-ch-[n tI-kp-I-fn¬ {]-Xn-bpw ÿn-cw a-Zy-]m-\n-bp-am-Wv acn-® kp-`m-jv. C-°-gn™ hym--gym-g-v N D-®bv-°m-Wv kw-`-h-ßfp-sS XpS-°w. a-Zy-]n®v hn-´n-se-Ønb kp`m-jv ho-´p-]-I-c-W߃ \-in-∏n-°p-∂Xmbn a-Iƒ {ip-Xn Iqen-th-e-bv-°v t]m-bncp-∂ am-Xm-hv kn-‘phn-s\ t^m-Wn¬ hnfn-®-dn-bn-®p. Xp-S¿∂v kp-`m-jv t_m-kv kn-‘p-hpw a-I≥ kp[o-jpw ho--´n-seØn. C-Xn-\n-sS kp-`m-jpw aI\pw X-Ωn¬ hm-t°-‰hpw A-Sn-]n-Snbpw \-S-∂p. C-cp-h-scbpw ]n-¥n-cn-∏n-°m≥ {i-an-°p-∂-Xn-\nsS kn-‘p-hn-s\ kp-`m-jv B-{I-an-°m≥ {i-an-®p. C-tXm-sS C-cp-hcpw A-Sp-Ø-ho-´n¬ A-`-bwtXSn. cm-{Xn-bn¬ ho≠pw A-—\pw a-I-\pw XΩn¬ kw-L¿-j-ap-≠m-hp-I-bpw kp-[o-jn-s‚ ASn-tb-‰v ho-Sn\v k-ao]-sØ Im-∏n a-c-®p-h-´n¬ kp`m-jv ho-Wp. a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ ho-W-Xm-Im-sa-∂v I-cp-Xn kp-[o-jv am-Xmhpw k-tlm-Z-cnbpw A`-bw tXSn-b ho-´n-te-°v t]mbn. ]p-e¿-s® ho-´n¬ a-S-ßn-sb-Øn-b kn-‘p-hm-Wv a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ kp-`m-jn-s\ I-≠Xv. kn-‘phpw kp-[o-jpw tPm-en-sN-bv-Xv sIm≠p-h-cp-∂ ]-Ww kp-`mjv `o-j-Wn-s∏-Sp-Øn X´n-sb-Sp-Øm-Wv a-Zy-]n-®n-cp-∂Xv. C-bm-fp-sS A{I-aw k-ln-°-h-øm-sX kp-[o-jv A-Sp-Øn-sS hoSp-hn´v F-d-Wm-Ipf-sØ _m-dn¬ tPmen-t\m-°nh-cn-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. A-Sp-Øn-sS kp-`m-jn-s‚ B{Ia-Ww k-ln-°m≥ I-gn-bm-sX h-∂-tXm-sS aIs\ kn-‘p -ho-´n-te-°v hn-fn-®p-h-cp-Øp-I-bm-bncp∂p. \m-´p-Im¿ hn-h-c-a-dn-bn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v In-fn-am-\q¿ kn.sF A-tim-I‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep≈ t]m-en-kv kw-L-sa-Øn sX-fn-hp-Iƒ tiJ-cn®p. kp-[o-jv t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-em-Wv. kp-`m-jn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ kw-kv-I-cn®p.

]-Ýn-a-L-«w-: -_-ln-jv-I-c-Ww {]-Xn-]-£w ]p-\¸-cn-tim-[n-¡-W-w-þ ko-tdm a-e-_mÀ k-` Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]-›n-a-L-´- kw-c-£-W-Øn-s‚ a-d-hn¬ tI-c-f-Øn-se P-\-km-{μ-X-tb-dn-b 123 hnt√-Pp-Iƒ ]-cn-ÿn-Xn- Zp¿-_-e-{]-tZ-i-ß-fm-bn tI{μ-k¿-°m¿ {]-Jym-]n-°-s∏-Sm≥ H-cp-ßp-∂ ]-›mØ-e-Øn¬ ap-Jy-a-{¥n hn-fn-®p-tN¿-Øn-cn-°p-∂ k¿-h-I-£n-tbm-Kw _-ln-jv-I-cn-°m-\p-≈ {]-Xn-]£ Xo-cp-am-\w I-Sp-Ø A-\o-Xn-bpw P-\-h-©-\-bpam-sW-∂v ko-tdm a-e-_m¿ k-` A-ev-am-b I-Ωoj≥. ]-›n-a-L-´-Øn-se e-£-°-W-°n-\v P-\-߃ t\-cn-Sp-∂ Cu {]-iv-\-Øn¬ I-£n-cm-jv-{So-b-Øn-\Xo-X-am-bn Iq-´m-b Nn-¥-bpw k-a-hm-b-hpw A-\n-hmcy-am-Wv. ap-Jy-a-{¥n hn-fn-®p-tN¿-Øn-cn-°p-∂ k¿h-I-£n-tbm-K-Øn¬ F-√m cm-jv-{So-b t\-Xr-Xz-ßfpw k-∂-≤-kw-L-S-\-I-fpw k-l-I-cn-°-Ww. P-\ß-tfm-Spw P-\-Io-b-{]-iv-\-ß-tfm-Spw A-flm¿-Y-Xbp-s≠-¶n¬ k¿-h-I-£n-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ \n-∂v amdn-\n¬-°p-sa-∂ Xo-cp-am-\w {]-Xn-]-£w ]p-\∏-cntim-[n-°-W-sa-∂v A-ev-am-b I-Ωo-j≥ sk-{I-´-dn A-Uz. hn -kn -sk-_m-Ãy≥ A-`y¿-Yn-®p.

Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2013-10-19  

Thejas Epaper obit edition. 2013-10-19

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