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thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

7 k]vXw-_¿ 2013 i\n

b-{´-¯n Ip-Sp-§n kv-{Xo-sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-¨p kq-¸n- lm-Pn

k-tcm-Pn-\n So¨À

ssk-\-_

Ip-ªm-an

k-tcm-Pn-\n A-½

ap-l-½-Zv

^m-Xzn-a

k-^n-b

sh-≈n-tbm-Sv: a-l-√v Im-c-W-h-cpw Zo¿-L-Imew a-l-√v J-Pm-©n-bpam-b ]m-sem-fn kq-∏nlm-Pn (92). `m-cy: ]-c-tX-bm-b ^mXzn-a l-÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: am-an, A-Ω-Zv (hm-Wnta¬), Ip-™-–p-√- lmPn (Zm-dp- -emw a-Zv -d-k {]-kn-U‚ v), sam-bv-Xp, B-en (A-[ym-]-I≥ DΩ-Øq¿ F-kv.sF ssl-kv-Iqƒ), A-bv-ip, A-eo-a, J-Zo-P, a-dn-bw, k-°o-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: AΩ-Zv (A-[ym-]-I≥ dn-´. `q-an-hm-Xp-°¬ Fw.F¬.]n. kv-Iqƒ), B-ky, dw-e, kp-sseJ, A-–p¬- I-cow, ambm≥-Ip-´n, A-–p- emw, l-ao-Zv.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: sIm-√w aμ-aw-K-ew Ip-∂p-Ω¬ ktcm-Pn-\n So®¿ (67). dn-´. A-[ym-]n-I s]m-bn¬-Imhv F-®v.F-kv). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-n tKm-hn-μ≥. a-°ƒ: kpio¬ Ip-∂p-Ω¬, k-en≥cm-Pv (_-lv-d-bv≥). a-cp-a°ƒ: Fw Ir-jv-W, ao-\. k-©-b-\w hym-gmgvN.

t]-cm-{º: Du-cm-≈q-cn-se \m-dt- ©-cn ]-tc-Xb - m-b sam-bvX - n-bp-sS `m-cy ssk\-_ (72). a-°ƒ: Ip-™Ω-Zv, D-a¿-Ip-´n, C-ºn-Nymen, A-–p-¿d - l - vam≥, K^q-¿ (J-Ø¿), Ip-™m-an, i-co-^. a-cp-a° - ƒ: D-a¿, ap-kvX - ^ - , dw-e, \-^o-k, d-l\ - , k-do-\, \-ko-a.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: sIm-√w Xm-g-°p-≠n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy Ip™m-an (75). a-°ƒ: A–p¿-d-lvam≥, lpssk≥, kp-ss_-Z, JmZ¿, lm-jnw, d-jo-Zv, \nkm¿. a-cp-a-I≥: A-_q_-°¿.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: Xn-cp-hßq¿ sh-‰n-e-∏m-d Io-g-\ k-tcm-Pn-\n A-Ω (61). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: cm-a≥Io-g-\ (tIm-´-∏-d-ºv Bip-]-{Xn), tZ-hn, I-a-e, e-fn-X, tKm-hn-μ≥ (C¥y≥ an-en-´-dn). k-©-b\w hym-gmgvN.

a-Æq¿: k-Po-h ap-kvenweo-Kv {]-h¿-ØI - ≥ h-S°p-ºm-Sv ss\-{¥w ho-´nev ap-lΩ - Z- v (80). `m-cy: ^m-Xzn-a. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b A-øq-_v, k-^n-b, k-°o-\. a-cp-a° - ƒ: lk≥ Pn-{^n (sN-dp-hÆq¿), jm-Pl - m≥, dw-e.

h-S-I-c: Hm¿-°m-t´-cn Ff-tßm-fn k-^n-b (25). ]n-Xm-hv: aq-k. am-Xm-hv: J-Zo-P. `¿-Øm-hv: A-\okv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: a-PoZv, k-ao-d, \-Zo-d. a-°ƒ: kn-\m≥, A-–p-√.

Ip-ªn-¡p-«n-A-½

t]m-¡À- lm-Pn

B-an-\-_n

hn-iz-\m-Y³

\m-cm-b-W³ \m-bÀ

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: ap-J-Zm¿ kq-∏-dn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI hn C-{_m-loan-s‚ `mcy A-d-°¬ sXm-Sp-I Ban-\-_n (77). a-°ƒ: A-lΩ-Zv-tIm-b, A-–p-√-Xzo^v, A-_q-_-°¿, B-en, C-kv-am-Cu¬, lm-cn-kv, kp-l-dm-_n, ku-Zm-_n, Dssa-_m≥, dp-_o-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: _o-cm≥-tIm-b, \mk¿, aq-k-t°m-b, l-\o^.

A-tØm-fn: sIm-fØ - q¿ Im-fn-bØ - v ]-tc-X\ - m-b Ip-™n-cm-a≥-am-cm-cp-sS aI≥ hn-iz-\m-Y≥ (62). amXm-hv: b-tim-ZA - Ω - . a°ƒ: hn-Pb - c - m-Pp (C¥y≥ B¿-an), Zn-h{- io. acp-a° - ƒ: kp-[o-j v(tIm-˛Hm-]t- d-‰o-hv _m-¶v, a-e∏ - pdw), A-iz-Xn. k-tlm-Zc - ߃: {]-`m-Ic - ≥, cm-P≥, hm-kp-tZ-h≥, kp-tem-N\, cpKvan-Wn, c-aW - n. kwkvI - m-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 11\p ho-´p-hf - ∏ - n¬.

\-Sp-h-Æq¿: Im-hp-¥-dbn-se ]m-d-∏-®n-te-cn \mcm-b-W≥ \m-b¿ (83). `m-cy: cm-[. a-°ƒ: h-¬k-e, A-\n-X, \-μn-\n. acp-a-°ƒ: hm-kp-tZ-h≥ (F-Iv-kv. an-en-´-dn), _me-Ir-jv-W≥ (A-[ym-]I≥ Im-hp-¥-d F.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ), k-Zm-\-μ≥ (dn´. F-b¿-t^m-gv-kv). ktlm-Z-c-߃: e-£v-an-bΩ, Pm-\-In-A-Ω. k-©b-\w _p-[\mgvN.

t]-cm-{º: Iq-\n-tbm-Sv ]tc-X-\m-b Cu-®-tdm-Øv \m-cm-b-W≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Ip-™n-°p-´n-b-Ω (92). a-°ƒ: P-\m¿-±-\≥, am-e-Xn, k-Xo-i≥ (dn-´. sI.F-kv.C._n), kp-tc{μ≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b [¿a≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-fn-\n, Djm-Ip-am-cn, eo-em-a-Wn, ]-tc-X-\mb cm-L-h≥ \m-b¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p H-º-Xn-\p ssI-X°¬ Xo-cw ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.

\m-Zm-]p- c - w: D-ΩØ - q-cnse tN-e∏ - p-dØ - v t]m°¿- lm-Pn (75). `m-cy: adn-bw. a-°ƒ: a-Avd - q-^v (Zp-_b - v), A-jvd - ^ - v (_lvd - b - v≥), kp-ss_¿, d^o-Jv, C-{_m-low, kpss_-Z. a-cp-a° - ƒ: D-a¿, sam-bvX - p, A-jvd - ^ - v, kao-d, dp-Jn-b, \-Pva - , dw-e, ap-_o-\.

A-tØm-fn: th-fq¿ I-hen-®m-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm-√n-°p-\n tIm-b-sambv-Xo≥ lm-Pn-bp-sS `mcy ^m-Xzn-a (78). a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xo≥-tIm-b (jln≥-j tem-Uv-Pv, tIm-gnt°m-Sv), l-ao-Zv, Ip-™o_n, \-^o-k, d-ko-\, ]tc-X-bm-b k-^n-b, hlo-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bvXo≥-tIm-b (dn-´. {]n≥kn-∏¬, A-tØm-fn Pn.hn.F-®v.F-kv.F-kv), A-–p¬ A-ko-kv (JØ¿), a-dn-b-°p-´n, kuZ, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™-lΩ-Zv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: apl-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, aq-k, sam-bvXo≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-bni. a-øn-Øv \-a-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\v AtØm-fn t\m¿-Øv Pp-am-akv-Pn-Zn¬.

A-½m-fp-A-½

]-Åo-a

am-[-hn ta-∏-øq¿: \-Sp-h-Øq-cnse In-g-°-bn¬ am-[-hn (77). `¿-Øm-hv: Nm-Ø-∏≥. a-°ƒ: _m-_p, jm-Pn, eo-e, {]-`. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-P≥, {]-Im-i≥, \nj, kv-an-X.

Ip-ª-Ðp-Ã

B-en-¡p-«nF-S-h-Æ-∏m-d: ]-Wn-°-c∏p-dm-b Im-a-t»-cn-∏-dºn¬ B-en-°p-´n (84) . `m-cy-am¿. D-Ωm-®, B-bni. a-°-ƒ. A-–p¬ Ako-kv, ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, kp-ss_-Z, B-an-\, ^-coZ. a-cp-a-°ƒ. A-_q-_°¿ sIm-Sn-b-Øq¿, Al-Ω-ZvIp-´n ]m-gq¿, A_q-_-°¿ No-t°m-Sv, Bbn-i, Xzm-ln-d.

ap-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n lm-Pn X-§Ä

a-t©-cn: A-cp-In-gm-b B-cX - n-bn¬ A-{º-°m-´v cm-Pt- Km-]m-en-s‚ `m-cy tIm-af - h - √ - n (61). a-°ƒ eo-\ (B-\° - b - w _n.F-Uv. tIm-fP - v), do-\ (Ãm-^v \-gvk - v, P-\d - ¬ B-ip-]{- Xn, a-t©-cn).

\m-cm-b-W ]-Wn-¡À F-S-°-c: t]m-Øp-I¬ ap-cp-Im-™n-cw tIm-bn∏p-d-Øv \m-c-m-b-W- ]-Wn°¿ (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b tZ-h-In. a-°ƒ: im¥-Ω, c-ho-{μ≥, iym-a-f, tam-l-\≥, P-K-\m-Y≥.

th-ß-c: In-fn-\-t°m-Snse ]-g-b-I-Øv ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-´n lm-Pn X-߃ (79). `m-cy: ]m-Øp-Ω-°p-´n. a°ƒ: A-en, ap-\o¿, A≥h¿, ssk-\p-±o≥ (F-√mh-cpw Zp-_bv), i-^o-Jv lp-Z-hn, kp-ss_-Z. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^, P-ao-e, dp-_o-\, k-^, kp-^o-\.

tIm-a-f-h-Ãn- -

ta-∏-øq¿: C-cn-ß-sØ am-Sm-s]m-bn¬ Ip-™–p-√ (58). `m-cy: \-ko-a. a-°ƒ: _¬-°o-kv, ap-lΩ-Zv A-Pm-kv, jm-Pn, \mZn-b, ap-_o-\.

ImÀ-Xym-b\- n C-cn-´n: ap-g-°p-∂v ap-St°m-gn kv-Iq-fn-\-p k-ao]w ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm-]m-es‚ `m-cy Xm-fn Im-¿-Xymb-\n (78).

t]-cm-{º: aq-em-Sv \n-cph-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b Zmtam-Z-c-s‚ `m-cy A-Ωmfp-A-Ω (90). a-Iƒ: Im¿-Xym-b-\n.

In-gn-t»-cn: Ip-gn-a-Æ sk-°‚ v ku-Øv Pn.-F¬.-]n kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w ]-tc-X-\m-b a-°m-S≥ apl-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy I-t∏°m-S≥ ]-≈o-a (85).

I-Zo-i-¡p-«n

Pm-\-In-A-½

A-{´p

tdm-bn

{io-a-Xn-A-½

cm-L-h³ \m-bÀ

A-_q-_-¡À- lm-Pn

B-bn-ip-½

^-tdm-°v: {km-¶v]-Sn ac-°-\-tßm-´v ]-tc-X\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `mcy I-Zo-i-°p-´n (80). a°ƒ: ^m-Xzn-a-°p-´n, ssk-\-_, lp-ssk≥ (_n-kn-\-kv), ]-tc-Xbm-b \-^o-k. a-cp-a°ƒ: sam-bv-Xo≥-tImb, ssl-dp-∂n-k, ]-tcX-\m-b _o-cm≥.

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: s]-cnsßm-fw ]-tc-X-\m-b tI-i-h≥-\m-b-cp-sS `mcy ]p-d-°m-´v Pm-\InA-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: th-Wp-tKm-]me≥ (dn-´. sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn), ]-tc-Xbm-b N-{μ-a-Xn, im-¥Ip-am-cn. k-©-b-\w Xn¶fmgvN.

hm-Wn-ta¬: I-b-a-°-≠n A-{¥p (86). `m-cy: B-bnip. a-°ƒ: Ip-™-–p-√ (Zp-_-bv), am-an, k-^n-b, ssk-\, dm-_n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: lm-P-d, B-en-l ≥, aq-k, l-ao-Zv, A-–p¿-d-lv-am≥. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 8.30\p hmWn-ta¬ Pp-ap-A-Øv ]≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

Iq-S-c-™n: πm-¥m-\Øv ss\-\m-s‚ a-I≥ tdm-bn (46). A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv. amXm-hv: G-en-bm-Ω. ktlm-Z-c-߃: sd-©n, cm-Pp, sd-Pn, tdm-Pn, doP. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D®-bv-°p c-≠n-\p Iq-S-c™n sk‚ v sk-_m-kv‰y≥ N¿-®v sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬.

X-e-°p-f-Øq¿: a-Xn-eIw t£-{X-Øn-\-Sp-Øv sN-tºm-fn-ao-ج {io-aXn A-Ω (74). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b am-[-h≥ \mb¿. a-°ƒ: tim-`-\. joP, do-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-[mIr-jv-W≥ (_n-kn-\-kv), _m-e≥ (sI.Fkv.C._n), kp-tc-jv-_m_p (Kƒ-^v). k-©-b-\w Xn-¶fmgvN.

X-e° - p-fØ - q¿: ]-d∏ - m-d°-Sp-Øv ]-Sn-™m-sd Itfm-dØ - v ho-´n¬ F-ΩW - °m-hn¬ cm-Lh - ≥ \mb¿ (85). `m-cy: Im-¿X - ymb-\n-AΩ - . a-°ƒ: tIm-af-h√ - n, kp-`P - . a-cp-a° - ƒ: cm-aN - {- μ≥ (dn-´. F.Fkv.sF _m-ep-t»-cn), kptc-jv_ - m-_p (F¬.sF.kn G-P‚ v, sIm-bn-em≠n).

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: sR-t≈md-Ω¬ A-_q-_-°¿lm-Pn (80). `m-cy: J-ZoP. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p-¬ -dkm-Jv ({_q-W), Assk≥, k-^n-b, B-an\, kp-ss_-Z. a-cp-a°ƒ: ^m-Xzn-a, B-bni, j-do-\, lp-ssk≥, a-Po-Zv, Jm-Z¿.

Ip-‰n-∏p-dw: ]m-gq¿ N°p-h-f-∏n¬ A-_p-hns‚ `m-cy B-bn-ip-Ω (63). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: sskXm-en, I-Ωp, tIm-b, ssl-{Zp, ^m-Øn-a, XnØm-®p-Ω. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 11\v ]mgq¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.-

dn-Z

lp-ssk³- lm-Pn

s]-®q-«n

Ip-am-c³

sam-bv-Xo³

`m-c-Xn

A-ÐpÂ- Jm-ZÀ

tIm-b ap-kv-eymÀ-

Im-fn-Im-hv: B-a-s∏mbn-en-se a-p-´p-∏m-d ap-lΩ-Zv A-–p¬ jp-°q-dns‚ a-Iƒ dn-Z (B-dv). B-a-s∏m-bn¬ Pn.-F¬.]n kv-Iqƒ H-∂mw-¢m-kv hn-Zym-¿-Yn-\n-bm-bn-cp∂p. am-Xm-hv: _m-kn-a.

Xn-t°m-Sn: Xr-t°m-´q¿ sh-kv-‰v K-h. F¬.]n kvIq-fn-\p k-ao-]w ]-Sn™m-sd B-\-°-≠n ]n F lp-ssk≥- lm-Pn (55). `m-cy: kp-ss_-Z. a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, B-en, ]tc-X-bm-b kp-ssl-e.

Xn-t°m-Sn: ]m-eq-cnse ]m-tem-fn-Øm-g s]-Æq-´n (95). a-°ƒ: I-eym-Wn F-c-h-Øv, Nm-Øp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tim-`, ]-tc-X-\m-b ]m-®¿.

t]-cm-{º: tN-t\m-fn \o-tem-Øv Ip-am-c≥ (59). `m-cy: Im¿-Xym-b-\n. a-°ƒ: Zn-hy, [-\y, cay. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-[p, _n-\n, kp-tc-jv.

\-cn-°p-\n: Ip-´-ºq¿ sX-s°-°m-c-tØm-´n¬ sam-bv-Xo≥ (80). `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: ap-l-ΩZv (Zp-_-bv), lm-P-d, k^n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv, A-^v-k¬.

X-e-t»-cn: am-S-∏o-Sn-I ku-Øv h-b-e-fw bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w A-\p]-a-bn¬ Fw sI `m-c-Xn (81). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Fw cm-L-h≥.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: sN-d-aw-Kew tIm-Wn-b-Øv A-–p¬Jm-Z¿ (63). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: l-ko-\, kp-\o-d, Zn¬-k-Øv, A-kv-am-_n, Pw-jo¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-en°p-´n, sam-bv-Xo≥-tIm-b, sam-bv-Xo≥-tIm-b.-

sh-≈n-e: tIm-gn∏d-ºv Np-≈n-bn¬ tIm-b apkveym¿ (57). Xn-cq¿-°mSv A≥-hm-dp¬ C-kvemw b-Øow-Jm-\m- d-ko-hdpw a-Zv-d-km A-[ym-]-I\p-am-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: kpss_-Z.

A-e-hn

sam-bv-Xo³

C-{_m-low

ssa-aq-\ -

I-eym-Wn

A-ÐpÂ- I-cow

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: A-´-°pgn-ß-c I-f-Øn-߬ Ae-hn (86). `m-cy: ]m-ØpΩ. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, A–p¬ -Jm-Z¿, kp-sseam≥, A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, _o-]m-Øp. a-cp-a-I≥: lw-k. J-_-d-S-°w C∂p cm-hn-se 11\v A-´°p-gn-ß-c a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.-

th-ß-c: C-cn-ß-√q¿ Nmsem-Sn X-®-]-d-º≥ sam-bvXo≥ F-∂ Ip-™m-° (65). `m-cy: B-ky. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv l-k≥, A–p¬ \m-k¿, A≥-h¿, dm-_n-b, J-Zo-P, \-Pva, Pkv\, \-ko-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: aq-k, ^n-tdm-kv, ssJ-dp∂o-k, k-_v\, jp°q¿.k-tlm-Z-c≥: aq-k.

sN-dp-ap-°v: Po-em-\n\K¿ ]n-em-tØm-S≥ C{_m-low (70). `m-cy: \^o-k. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv-A-en, l-\o-^, k-ao¿ (aq-h-cpw ku-Zn), J-Zo-P, dw-e-Øv, ssa-aq-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lwk, Jm-en-Zv, ssk-X-ehn, \-^o-k, P-ao-e, dp_o-\.

Im-fn-Im-hv: Nm-gn-tbm-´nse ]m-te-t°m-S≥ ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ a-Iƒ ssa-aq-\ (45). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Z-en, k-^n-b, ^-ko-e, a≥kq¿.-a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_p, in-lm-_v, dn-km-\. ktlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-™p-apl-Ω-Zv, A-–p-ap-kveym¿, A-ssk-\m¿, lpssk≥, ]m-Øp-Ω.-

tIm-´-°¬: ]-fi-aw-Ke-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b amtX-cn I-Æ≥ sN-´n-bmcp-sS `m-cy I-eym-Wn (88). a-°ƒ: X-¶w, e£v-an, k-tcm-Pn-\n, ]Xvan-\n, D-Æn-Ir-jv-W≥, in-h-Zm-k≥. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

tIm-´-°¬: ]p-Øq¿ ]md-t°-cn ]-tc-X-\m-b ASp-h-Æn Ip-™m-\p lmPn-bp-sS a-I≥ A-Sp-h-Æ A-–p¬ I-cow (40).- `mcy: kp-lv-dm-_n. a-°ƒ: Zn¬-j sj-dn≥, Zn¬-jmZv, A≥-kn-^v. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-_p, D-a¿, D-kv-am≥, A-en, jm-ln-Zv.-

A-ÐpÂ- I-cow

\-§o-en -

A-_p

Ip-ªo-cp-½

ap-l-½-Zv -

do-P -

sIm-t≠m-´n: ]-tc-X-\mb kn kn sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n-bp-sS a-I≥ A–p¬ I-cow (39). `m-cy: d-ko-\. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv Pm-kv-eo≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv Pmkn≥. a-cp-a-I≥: A–p¬- e-Øo-^v.-

\o-dm-Sv: Im-c-h-en-b\m-K-s‚ `m-cy \-ßoen (62). a-°ƒ: jmPn, kp-Ip-am-c≥, kp`m-jv, im-¥, \n-j. acp-a-°ƒ: kp-{_-lvaWy≥, _-\o-j.

I-cp-fm-bn: A-º≈ - n A_p (65). `m-cy: kp-ss_-Z. a-°ƒ: ho-cm≥-Ip-´n, jm-Plm≥, jn-lm-_v, km-Pn-X.-

Im-h-\q¿: sN-ß-c a-´Øn-cn-°p-∂v Ip-™ocp-Ω (102). a-°ƒ: _o-cm≥-Ip-´n, D-Ωm-®p, ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, A-–p-√. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-ky, a-dn-b-Ip-™n, B-bni-°p-´n.-

Xm-\q¿: Su¨ ]m-eØn-\p k-ao-]w ]-tc-X\m-b _m-h-en-bp-sS aI≥ s]m-´n‚-I-Øv apl-Ω-Zv (58). `m-cy: Akv-a. -a-I≥: C-kv-amCu¬. k-tlm-Z-cn: h≈n-°p-´n.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: A-tbm[ym-\-K-dn¬ ]p-¢m-t»-cn jm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy do-P (33). a-°ƒ: kv-t\-l, A-]¿-W, B-c-Xn.

bp.F-kn c-−v C-´y-¡mÀ sh-Sn-tb-äv a-cn-¨p

hm-jn-Mv-S¨: A-ta-cn-°-bn¬ ap-Jw-aq-Sn- [-cn-s®Øn-b kw-Lw c-≠v C-¥y-°m-sc sh-Sn-h-®psIm∂p. ]-©m-_v kz-tZ-in-I-fm-b P-Kv-X¿ `m-´n (55), ]-h≥ kn-Mv (22) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. D-Øc C-¥ym-\-bn¬ an-Un¬-_-dn kv-{So-‰n-se hym-]m-cÿm-]-\-em-Wv kw-`-hw. \-K-c-Øn¬ t{Km- -dn°S \-S-Øp-∂ C-h-cp-sS ÿm-]-\-Øn-¬ I-h¿-® \S-Øm-s\-Øn-b kw-L-sØ X-S-™-t∏m-gm-Wv sh-Sn-h-bv-]p-≠m-b-sX-∂m-Wv dn-t]m¿-´v. P-e-‘¿ kn-‰n-bn-se {]o-Xv\-K-dn¬ \n-∂p-≈h-cm-Wv acn-®-sX∂v ]-©m-_v am-[y-a-߃ dnt]m¿-´v- sN-bv-Xp. kw-`-h-Øn¬ A-t\z-j-Ww Xp-Sßn-b-Xm-bpw c-t≠m A-[n-e-[n-Iw t]-tcm B-Wv sIm-e-]m-X-I-Øn-\p ]n-∂n-ep-≈-sX-∂pw t]m-enkv ]-d-™p. Iq-Sp-X¬ hn-i-Zo-I-c-Ww A-[n-Ir-Xcn¬ \n-∂v B-h-iy-s∏-´-Xm-bn bp.F-kn-se C¥y≥ Fw-_-kn A-dn-bn-®p.

bp-h-Xn Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

Ip-º-f: bp-h-Xn-sb `¿-Xr-ho-´n-se In-S-∏p-ap-dn-bn¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. Ip-º-f _m-bn-°´-bn-se _m-e-Ir-jv-W sj-´n-˛-tam-ln-\n Z-º-Xn-I-fpsS a-I-fpw Iq-Uv-ep-hn-se {]-km-Zn-s‚ `m-cy-bp-am-b sI {]-Xn-`(26)-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn F-´-c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. H-cp h¿-jw ap-ºm-Wv Ch-cp-sS hn-hm-lw. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: {]-Pz¬, Ku-co-jv.

]m-¼p-I-Sn-tb-äv a-cn-¨p

D-∏-f: ss]-h-fn-sK Ip-cp-U-]-Zm-hv Im-¥n-e-bn-se Dkv-am-s‚ `m-cy dp-Jn-b (35) ]m-ºp-I-Sn-tb-‰v a-cn-®p. ho-´n-\-Sp-Ø ]-d-ºn¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂-Xn-\n-sS ]mºp-I-Sn-tb-‰ C-h-sc aw-K-em-]p-cw B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. a-°ƒ: C-kv-am-Cu¬, apssk-_, ap-_-jn-d.

Pn-½n cm-P] - p-cw: Np-≈n-°c - b - nse aq-cn-°p-t∂¬ Pn-Ωn F-∂ Nm-t°m (62).

th-Wp-tKm-]m-e³ \m-bÀ

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: ap-≠-°≠-sØ kn sI th-WptKm-]m-e≥ \m-b¿ (72).

h-S-I-c: a-Wn-bq¿ a-¥-c-Øq-cn¬ B-bp¿-th-Z a-cp∂p-\n¿-am-W im-e-bn-se b-{¥-Øn¬ Ip-Sp-ßn kv{Xo-sXm-gn-em-fn- a-cn-®p. a-¥-c-Øq¿ ]-b-\p-Ω¬ c-btcm-Øv ]-d-º-Øv I-eymWn-bm-Wv (55) a-cn-®-Xv. ssN-X-\y B-bp¿-thZ a-cp-∂p-\n¿-am-W-im-ebn¬ C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sSbm-Wv kw-`-hw. A-cn-„w ]n-gn-s™-Sp-°p-∂ b-{¥Øn¬ km-cn Ip-Sp-ßnbmWv A]-I-S-Øn¬-s∏-´Xv. a-‰v sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ sshZyp-Xn hn-t—-Zn-®v I-eym-Wn-sb ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Øv h-S-Ic k-l-I-c-W B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c£n-°m-\m-bn-√. ]-tc-X-\m-b _m-e-\m-Wv `¿-Øm-hv. a-°-fn-√. ktlm-Z-c-߃: am-Xp, \m-cm-b-Wn, Pm-\p. h-S-I-c t]men-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰v sN-bv-X ar-X-tZ-lw K-h. B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw _-‘p-°ƒ°p hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp.

]m hm-l-\-an-Sn-¨v ss_-¡v bm-{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p-

a-t©-cn: an¬-a-bp-sS ]m¬ k-tπ hm-l-\-an-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. ]m-e-°pfw s\m-´n-sØm-Sn A-e-hnbp-sS a-I≥ ]-fp-¶v k°o¿ (43) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. hym-gm-gv-N A¿-[-cm-{Xn \ne-ºq-cn¬ \n-∂p a-t©-cn Un-t∏m-bn¬ ]m¬ C-d-°n a-S-ßp-∂ 407 tem-dn sN-cWn h-f-hn¬-h-®m-Wv k-°o-dn-s\- C-Sn-®-Xv. -tIm-gnt°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]m-Ipwh-gnbm-Wv a-cWw. hym-gm-gv-N C≥-Ãmƒ-sa‚ v km-[\-ß-fp-am-bn a-ºm-t´-°p t]m-b-n ho-´n-te-°p a-S-ßp∂-Xn-\n-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. -a-t©-cn s]-bn≥ B‚ v ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv sI-b¿ thm-f‚n-b-dm-bn-cp-∂p. am-Xm-hv: h-√m-©n-d dp-Jn-b. `m-cy: d-Po-\. a-°ƒ: k-lm-\, jw-\, jm-an¬. ktlm-Z-c-߃: d-jo-Zv, ap-l-Ω-Z-en, K-^m¿, ssl-Z-den, B-kn-^v, B-_n-Z-en, kp-lv-d. J-_-d-S-°w ]m-e°p-fw Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_-¿ÿm-\n¬.

In-W-än a-cn-¨-\n-e-bnÂ

h-S-I-c: ssh-°n-e-t»-cn-bn¬ bp-hm-hv In-W-‰n¬ acn-®-\n-e-bn¬. I-Ω-S-Øv j-Ko-jm-Wv (27) a-cn-®-Xv. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N cm-hn-se-bm-Wv ho-´p-In-W-‰n¬ ar-XtZ-lw Im-W-s∏-´-Xv. ]n-Xm-hv Ip-am-c≥ aq-∂p-am-kw ap-ºm-Wv a-c-n-®-Xv. h-S-I-c-bn¬ \n-∂v ^-b¿-t^m-gvkv F-Øn ar-X-tZ-lw ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Øv K-h. B-ip-]{Xn-bn-te-°p am-‰n.

Zp-_-bn \ncym-X-\mbn tIm-´-°¬: tIm-´q¿ kz-tZin Zp-_-bn¬ lrZ-bm-LmXwaq-ew a-cn-®-Xm-bn _-‘p°ƒ-°v hn-h-cw e-`n-®-p. tate-Xn¬ tIm-b-bp-sS a-I≥ aq-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ _m-h-bm-Wv (38) acn-®-Xv. am-Xm-hv: I-Znb-. `m-cy: kp-lv-d-. G-I-aIƒ: ^¿-km-\ Pm-kv-an.

ss_-¡pw tem-dn-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v ss_-¡v bm-{X-n-I³ a-cn-¨p

h-S-°-t©-cn: ss_-°pw tem-dn-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v ss_-°v bm-{X-°m-c-\m-b bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. Iq-sS k©-cn-® kp-lr-Øn-\v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. ]-¥emw-]m-Sw t]m-Øp-Nm-Sn Ip-∂p-∏p-d-Øv _m-_p-hns‚ a-I≥ hn-]n-\m-Wv (19) a-cn-®-Xv. ]-cn-t°-‰ ]-cphm-t»-cn N-√n-∏-d-ºv kz-tZ-in a-\p(20)hn-s\ Xr-iq-cnse kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. hn-]ns‚ B-{K-l-{]-Im-cw I-Æp-Iƒ Zm-\w sN-bv-Xp. hym-gm-gv-N ssh-Io-´v G-tgm-sS tZ-io-b-]m-X ]-¥emw-]m-S-Øm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Xr-iq¿ `m-K-Øp-\n∂p ]m-e-°m-Sv `m-K-tØ-°p t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Nc-°p-tem-dn-bm-Wv ss_-°n-en-Sn-®-Xv. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ hn-]n-s\ Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw cm-{Xn H-º-tXm-sS a-cn-®p. tem-dn- ss{U-h-sdt]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øp.

F-en-hn-jw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v aq-¶p -h-b-Êp-Im-c³ a-cn-¨p I¬-∏-‰: F-en-\-io-I-c-W-Øn-\m-bn ]-©m-bØv hn-X-c-Ww sN-bv-X F-en-hn-jw D-≈n¬-s®∂v aq-∂p -h-b- p-Im-c≥ a-cn-®p. ]-Sn-™m-d-Ø-d ]-©m-b-Øv H-º-Xmw hm¿-Un-se Xn-cp-aw-K-ew B-Zn-hm-kn tIm-f-\n-bn-se tKm-]m-e≥-˛-cm-[ Zº-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ I-Æ-\m-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. _p-[-\mgv-N ssh-Io-´v ]-e-lm-c-sa-∂p I-cp-Xn F-en-hn-jw I-gn-® Ip-´n-sb A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw ]n-t‰-∂p a-cn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p. F-en-\-io-I-c-W-Øn-\v h-b-\m-´n¬ B-tcmKy-h-Ip-∏n-s‚-bpw ]-©m-b-Øn-s‚-bpw k-l-I-cW-tØm-sS hn-X-c-Ww-sN-bv-X F-en-hn-jw D-{Kti-jn-bp-≈ tdm-tUm-t^m F-∂ cm-k-kw-bp‡-am-sW-∂p ]-cm-Xn D-b¿-∂n-cp-∂p. tI-c-f tÉv sh-b¿-lu-kn-Mv tIm¿-]-td-j-\m-Wv Cu kwbp-‡w X-øm-dm-°n-b-Xv. tem-Im-tcm-Ky kw-L-S\ tdm-tUm-t^m kw-bp-‡-sØ A-Xy-]-I-S-I-cam-b H-∂v-˛-F hn-`m-K-Øn¬ Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p≈-Xm-Wv. A-b¬-°q-´-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv F-en-hnjw ho-Sp-I-fn¬ F-Øn-®-Xv. A-tX-k-a-bw, I-S-bn¬\n-∂p hm-ßn-b F-enhn-j-am-Wv Ip-™n-s‚ a-c-W-Øn-\v Im-c-W-am-bsX-∂p ]-©m-b-Ø-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-d-™p. F-∂m¬ {]-tZ-i-hm-kn-Iƒ C-Xp \n-tj-[n-®p. I-Æ-s‚ ktlm-Z-c≥: tKm-Ip-¬.

_mw-¥qÀ Iq-«-_-em-Âkw-Kw; X-sâ `m-cy-bp-sS a-c-W-¯n-\p Im-c-W-¡mÀ Im-gv-N \-ã-s¸-« kw-`-hw: K-tW-jv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-¸-\p-sa-¶v _n-Pp 6 t]À-¡v Po-h-]-cy-´w tUm-ÎÀ-s¡-Xn-tc tI-kv _mw-•q¿: _mw-•q¿ k¿-h-I-emim-e-bp-sS ⁄m-\-`m-c-Xn Im-w]-kn¬ \n-b-a hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-sb Iq-´-_-em-¬-kw-Kw sN-bv-X tIkn¬ B-dp-t]-sc Po-h-]-cy-¥w X-S-hn-\p in-£n-®p. cm-a-\-K-c Pn-√ ssI-em-© tlm-_-fnbn¬ in-h-Æ (20), sb-fø -- (23), Cu-c-ø (20), sZm-Õ Cu-c-ø (19), a-±q-c (20), cm-ap (21) F-∂nh-sc-bm-Wv kn-‰n A-Xn-th-K tIm-S-Xn P-Uv-Pn sI _n kw-K∂m-\-h¿ in-£n-®-Xv. G-gmw {]Xn cm-P H-fn-hn-em-Wv. F-´mw {]Xn-°v {]m-b-]q¿-Øn-bm-Im-ØXn-\m¬ _mw-•q-cn-se Pp-hss\¬ tIm-S-Xn-bn-em-Wv hn-Nmc-W \-S-°p-∂-Xv. 2012 H-tŒm-_¿ 19\m-bn-cp-

∂p tI-kn-\m-kv-]-Z-am-b kw-`hw. \m-j-\¬ tem kv-Iqƒ Hm^v C-¥y bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n-bn-se (F≥.F¬.F-kv.sF.bp.) t\∏m-fn hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-Wv Iq-´]oU\-Øn-\n-c-bm-b-Xv. k-l-]mTn-sb a¿-±n-®v A-hi-\m-°n-b ti-j-am-bn-cp-∂p F´p t]-c-S-ßp-∂ kw-Lw s]¨Ip-´nsb ]o-Un-∏n-®Xv. C-cp-h-cpsS-bpw sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wpw ]-gv-kpw {]-Xn-Iƒ I-h-cp-Ibpw sN-bvXp. H-cm-gv-N-bv-°v ti-jw A-{I-an-I-sf t]m-en-kv ]n-Sn-IqSn-. kw-`-h-Øn-\v ti-jw ]T-\w a-Xn-bm-°n hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n t\-∏mfn-te-°v a-S-ßn-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw c-≠p-X-h-W hn-Nm-c-W-°v lmP-cm-bn.

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: X-s‚ `m-cy-bpsS a-c-W-Øn-\p Im-c-W-°m¿ K-tW-jv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-∏-\p-sa∂v _n-Pp cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥. Xncp-h-√ tIm-bn-∏p-d-sØ hy‡nbpsS ]-°¬-\n-∂v 60 e-£w cq] hm-ßn-b tI-kn¬ C-∂-se ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P-cm-°n-b-t∏mƒ am-[y-a-{]h¿-Ø-I¿-°v _n-Pp cm-[m-Irjv-W≥ \¬Inb IØn-emWv Cu ]cm-a¿iw. `m-cy c-iv-an-sb Xm≥ sIm-∂n-´n-√ F-∂-Xv F∂m-bm-epw ]p-d-Øp-hcpsa∂pw c-iv-an-bp-sS a-c-WØn-\v Im-c-W-°m-c≥ K-tWjv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-∏-\p-amsW∂pw IØn¬ ]d-bp∂p. ]-cm-a¿-iw C-ß-s\: ""F-

s∂ kv-t\-ln-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cnem-Wv im-ep-ta-t\m-\v C-{Xsbm-s° k-ln-t°-≠n-h-∂Xv. `m-cy c-iv-an I-gn-™m¬ Fs∂ C-{X-bpw kv-t\-ln-®-Xpw a-\- n-em-°n-b-Xpw im-ep am{X-am-Wv. B-cv ssI-hn-´m-epw A-hƒ F-s∂ ssI-hn-Sn-√ F∂p-d-∏m-Wv. A-h-fp-sS A-Ωbn¬ \n-∂v 20 e-£w hm-ßn-bXv t\-cm-Wv. ]-t£ F-s‚ _nkn-\- n-s\-°p-dn-t®m km-ºØn-I C-S-]m-Sp-I-sf-°p-dn-t®m im-ep-hn-\-dn-bn-√. Xn-I-®pw \nc-]-cm-[n-bm-b A-h-sf tIkn¬ \n-∂v H-gn-hm-°m≥ Rm≥ 164 ap-Jm-¥-cw tIm-S-Xntbm-Sv B-h-iy-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v (F-√mhn-[ sX-fn-hp-I-fpw k-

ln-Xw). Z-b-hp-sN-bv-Xv A-h-fpsS \n-c-]-cm-[n-Xzw a-\- n-em°-Ww. ]n.kn tPm¿-Pn-s\-bpw sh-≈m-∏-≈n-sb-bpw sI ap-cfo-[-c-s\-bpw Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xn-\p-ap-ºv H-∂m-tem-Nn-°pI. C-h¿-s°-Xn-tc am-\-\-jv-Sw sIm-Sp-°p-tºmƒ kw-km-cn°p-∂ sX-fn-hp-Iƒ F-s∂-¶nepw a-d-\o-°n ]p-d-Øp-h-cpw. F-s‚ A-Ω Cu tI-kp-I-fnse-√mw \n-c-]-cm-[n-bm-Wv''. F∂nßs\bm-Wv IØnep≈-Xv. im-ep-ta-t\m-s\ tI-kn¬ \n-∂p c-£n-°m\pw `m-cy c-ivan-sb sIm-∂n-´n-s√-∂p ÿm]n-°m-\p-amWv IØn-eqsS {ia-sa∂v Icp-Xp-∂p.

Ip-∂w-Ip-fw: Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ Xn-an-c i-kv-{X-{In-b°p hn-t[-b-cm-b-h¿-°v Im-gv-N \-„-s∏-´ kw-`-h-Øn¬ tUmŒ¿-s°-Xn-tc Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]men-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp. Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se t\-{X-tcm-K hn-`m-K-Øn-se tUm. sI B¿ {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am-dn-s\-Xn-tc-bm-Wv tI-sk-Sp-Ø-Xv. s]m-Xp-{]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-b ]n Un tPm-k-^v Ip-∂w-Ip-fw a-Pnkv-t{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ k-a¿-∏n® l¿-Pn ]-cn-K-Wn-®v tUm-Œ¿s°-Xn-tc tI-sk-Sp-°m≥ D-Øc-hv \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂m-Wv t]m-en-kv \-S-]-Sn. Pq-sse 22\pw B-K-kv-Xv

12\pw Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ Xn-an-c i-kv-{X-{In-b \-SØn-b F-´p-t]-cp-sS Im-gv-N-bmWv \-„-s∏-´-Xv. Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ ]-¥m-bn¬ hnP-b-e-£v-an, ]-g-™n A-bn∂q¿ ]p-Xp-cp-Øn _m-e≥, Cøm¬ h-Sn-\n-]-d-ºn¬ Ip-´-∏≥, B¿-Øm-‰v kz-tZ-in cm-P≥, Nq≠¬ sh-¶-f-Øv X-¶, Nn-‰™q¿ hn-im-ew, In-gq¿ kz-tZin c-hn, Xn-∏n-e-t»-cn ]p-Xp-ho´n¬ tam-fp F-∂n-h-cp-sS Im-gv-Nbm-Wv \-„-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v k-kv-s]≥-j-\n-em-b tUm-Œ¿-s°-Xn-tc a-\p-jym-hIm-i I-Ωo-j-\pw tI-sk-SpØn-cp-∂p.

ss_-¡v t]m-kv-än-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p X-e-t»-cn: ss_-°v ssh-Zyp-Xnt]m-kv-‰n-en-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. ]m-e-bm-Sv C≥-U-kv-{Sn-b¬ FtÃ-‰n-\-Sp-Øv sN-º-≈n ho-´n¬ I- c p- W m- I - c s‚ a-I≥ dntP-jv (20) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. hym-gm-gv-N A¿- [ - c m- { Xntbm-sS [¿-aSw sh-s≈m-gp-°n-em-Wv A-]-IS-w. ho-´n-te-°p-t]m-I-sh t]mkv-‰n-en-Sn-®p sX-dn-®p-ho-Wv At_m-[m-h-ÿ-bn-em-b dntPjns\ \m-´p-Im¿ B-ip-]-{Xn-bnse-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\mbn-√. am-Xm-hv: Im¿-Øn-I. ktlm-Z-cn: hn≥-j.


6

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hÅn-b½-

`mÀK-hn-b-½

\m-cm-b-W³

ssk-\p-±o³

hÂ-k³

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: ap-f-hq¿ Ip∂pw-]pd-Øp ho-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ap≠-s‚ `m-cy Im¿Øym-b-\n(86). ta-Xe ap-{]-]-S-hn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-amWv. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p 12\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. a°ƒ: ]-tc-Xbmb N-{μn-I, k-l-tZh≥(^b¿-t^m-gv-kv ap≥ D-tZym-K-ÿ≥), N{μ≥, kp-{_-“-Wy≥, tKm-]n(kn.]n.Fw ap-fhq¿ tem-°¬- sk-{I´dn, aq-hm-‰p]p-g Xm-eq°v sse-{_-dn Iu¨kn¬ sk-{I´-dn).a-cpa°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, h¬-k-e, eo-e, {]k-∂, koP.

]≈p-cpØn: ]-≈p-cpØn Xn-cp-Øm-fn¬ lukv sI _n tam-l-\≥ (71). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v ]-≈p-cpØn s]m-Xp-iv-a-im-\Øn¬. `mcy: cm[ taml\≥. a°ƒ: jn-_pem¬, jo-_. a-cp-a°ƒ: tZ-hn -jn-_p-em¬, cmPohv.

I-f-a-t»cn: C-S∏-≈n hS-°pw-]p-dw Ip-≠q¿ ]pØ≥ ho-´n¬ N-{μ-tiJc≥ -]n-≈ (85). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbm-b km-hn-{XnbΩ. a°ƒ: {io-tZhn, ]tc-X\m-b {io-Ip-am¿, {ioI-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: sI Sn _m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈, F-kv eo-em-hXn, sI Fkv hn-iz-\mY≥.

ssh-∏n-≥: FS-h-\-°mSv amhp-¶-Ød Imbs‚ `mcy h≈n-bΩ- (91).a°ƒ: Kucn, kn≤m¿ ∞≥, ]tc-X-cmb kpaXn, tkm-^n. acp-a-°ƒ :]tc-X-\mb Zmk≥, e£van, Ipamc≥, tPm¨-k¨.

s]cpºmhq¿: Iogn√w aeºpdØv ]tcX\mb \oeIWvT≥ \mbcpsS `mcy `m¿KhnbΩ (97). a°ƒ: ]tcX\mb IrjvW≥ \mb¿, ]tcXbmb Iukey, hnemkn\n. acpa°ƒ: kp`{Z, cmaIrjvW≥ (C≥tUm¿), _meIrjvW≥.

Im-eSn: ]m-d-∏p-dw tImW-Øp-Iq-Sn ho-´n¬ \mcm-b-W≥ (89). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: ]tc-Xbm-b e-£van. a°ƒ: tKm]n, Ip-am¿, l-cn-Zmkv, kPn, im-¥, cm-[, ]-fln\n, c-aWn, Ip-amcn. a-cp-a°ƒ: cmPΩ, hnPn, kn‘p, _nμp, Kw-Km-[c≥, aWn, Aw_p-Pm£≥, kpIp, _m_p.

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: ]m-bn-{] t]m-bm-en ap-Xn-c-°m-embn¬ ssk-\p-±o≥ (60). `mcy: c-≠m¿-°-c a-StØmS-Øv A-kv-a. a°ƒ: d-^oJv, jm^n (P-\d¬ sk-{I´-dn apkvenw bp-Øv eo-Kv ]m-bn{] ]-©mb-Øv), kn±oJv, DΩ¿, dnbm-tamƒ. a-cp-a°ƒ: \u-jmZv (ap-fhq¿), ssj-tamƒ.

Im-™n-c-a‰w: ]p-Xp-hmt»-cn B-ew-t©-cn ]-dºn¬ ]-tc-X\mb tKm]m-e≥ \m-b¿ a-I≥ F Pn h¬-k≥ (46). `mcy: an\n. a°ƒ: Aizn≥, A-\¥p. am-Xmhv: k-tcm-Pn-\n.

Fw Un \m-bÀ

am-Wn-¡w

Ir-jv-W-hm-cyÀ -

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: ss]tßm-´p-]p-dw B-™n°-c ap-Ip-μ≥ \m-b¿ (60). `m-cy: Ip-´n-am-fp.

am-hq¿: ]-≈n-tbmƒ Im™n-c-sØm-Sn A-l-ΩZv (67). ap≥ {Km-knw ss^-_¿ Un-hn-j≥ Poh-\-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p.

Nn-‰q¿: sIm-gn-™m-ºmd I-cp-h-∏m-d ]-g-\n-bm¿]m-f-bw kp-[o-dn-s‚ `mcy k-Pn-X (25). ]n-Xm-hv: Ir-jv-W≥. am-Xm-hv: k-Xy-`m-a. ktlm-Z-c-߃: k-Pn-Øv, k-c-Wy.

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: s]m-bn\m-®n Su-Wn-se jm-enam¿ {Sm-h¬-kv D-S-a ]-dºv {io-Ir-jv-W-bn-se Fw Un \m-b¿ F-∂ Fw Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b¿ (-65). t\-c-sØ aw-K-em]p-c-Øpw sN-ss∂-bnepw {Sm-h¬ G-P≥-kn \-S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: C-S-bn-eyw im-c-Z. a-I≥: {io-cm-Pv _m-_p. ktlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-™n°-Æ≥ \m-b¿, Kw-Km-[c≥ \m-b¿, \m-cm-b-Wn, Im¿-Xym-b-\n.

B-e-Øq¿: ta-em¿-tImSv sN-dp-h-©n-]-d-ºv ho´n¬ th-em-bp-[-s‚ aI≥ _m-e-N-{μ≥ (57). Nn-‰q¿ _n.Fkv.F≥.F-¬ Po-h-\°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: tZ-hn. am-Xm-hv: ]m-dp. a°ƒ: kp-[, kq-c-Pv. ktlm-Z-cn: im-¥-Ip-am-cn (B-e-Øq¿ tIm-˛Hm-]td-‰o-hv k¿-ho-kv k-lI-c-W _m-¶v, ta-em¿tIm-Sv {_m-©v am-t\P¿). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬.

s]-cn-tßmw: kzm-X{¥yk-ac - tk-\m-\n-bmbn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X\ - m-b aTb-ºØ - v cm-as - ‚ `m-cy ]m-Sn-tbm-´p-Nm¬ ]-´p-hsØ I-∏W - ° - m¬ amWn-°w (88). a-°ƒ: IrjvW - ≥, Im¿-Xym-b\ - n. acp-a° - ƒ: e-£va - n, ]-tcX-\m-b Ip-™n-cm-a≥.

C-µn-c Nn-‰q¿: a-e-bm-º-≈w A-º-Øn-ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b s]m-∂-s‚ a-Iƒ C-μn-c (50). a-I≥: cm-tPjv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Bdp-®m-an, s]m-∂p-a-Wn, sN-¥m-a-c, _m-e≥. N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: dn-´. s]mXp-a-cm-a-Øv F≥-Pn-\ob¿ aq-°p-X-e hr-μm-h\-Øn¬ ]-\-ßm-´n-cn hm-cy-Øv Ir-jv-W-hmcy¿ (84). aq-°p-X-e t£-{X-]-cn-]m-e-\ k-anXn {]-kn-U‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn-\n hm-ckym¿.

ap-\o-d

I-Æq¿-kn-‰n: tIm-´-°ma-dn-bm-½ bn-bn-se s\-cn-bm-¶-≠n cm-P-]p-cw: I-cn-th-S-Iap-\o-d (32). `¿-Øm-hv: sØ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]ptIm-b-º-Øq-cn-se hnØ≥]p-c-bv-°¬ tZ-h°n ^q-´v-th¿ D-S-a- thky-bp-sS `m-cy a-dn-bm-Ω en-°-e-I-Øv kn-±o-Jv. (85). a-°ƒ: t{X-kym-Ω, ]n-Xm-hv: _n sam-bv-Xp-. t_-_n, tam-fn (A-[yma-°ƒ: jm-\n-b, k-^o]n-I, sk‚ v ta-co-kv Z. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \nF¬.-]n kv-Iqƒ˛ ta-cnbm-kv, d-Cu-kv (Zp-_]p-cw), hn≥-k‚ v (kubv). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂pZn). a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]m-∏-®≥, cm-hn-se 10\v kn-‰n PpsU-bv-kn, am-Xyp, an-\n am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm(sIm¬-°-Ø), P-b \n¬. (ku-Zn).

ap-Ip-µ³ \m-bÀ

A-l-½-Zv

\m-cm-b-W³ s]-cn-tßmw: th-´-s°mcpa-I≥ t£-{X-Øn-\p k-ao-]-w In-g-s°ho-´n¬ \m-cm-b-W≥ (70). `m-cy: h-b¬ho-´n¬ X-ºm-bn. a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, kPn, k-ao¨, k-\o-jv. acp-a-°ƒ: ]p-jv-], kn-\n, ku-ay.

k-Pn-X

_m-e-N-{µ³

_o-¡p-«n I¬-∏I - t- ©-cn: s]m-∑p≠w ho-cm-t»-cn-∏S- n-bnse ]p-Xp-°p-Sn ssk-Xmen-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy _o°p-´n (63). a-°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv, Zm-hq-Zv, kp-sseam≥, bq-kp-^v, ^m-Øna, ssk-\_ - , kp-sseJ. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ap-lΩ - Z- vIp-´n, b-AvJ - q-_v, \mk¿, dw-e, kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-i, \-^o-k.

am-[-hn sIm-bn-em-≠n: hn-øq¿ A-tcm-Øv-Xm-g am-[-hn (74). `-¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b D-Æ-c. a-°ƒ: Pm\-In, I-a-e, _m-_p, kPo-h≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tcX-\m-b `m-kv-I-c≥, ]-tcX-\m-b tKm-]m-e≥, tla-e-X, Pn-j.

ssh-∏n-≥: a[y-hb-kvIs\ tdm-U-cn-In¬ acn® \ne-bn¬ Is≠-Øn.- sN-dmbn cma-h¿Ω bq\n-b≥ sslkvIqfn\v Ing°v `mKØv Xma-kn-°p∂ C√n]-d-ºn¬ kptc-{μ(60)s‚ arX-tZ-l-amWv C∂se cmhnse sNdmbn ]t´-cn-Ip-f-ßc t£{X-Øn\v kao]w Is≠-Øn-b-Xv. ap\ºw t]menkv ta¬\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn® arX-tZlw t]mÃp-tam¿´-Øn\v tijw kwkvI-cn®p.- `mcy: Ia-em-£n. a-°ƒ: kptc-jv,-kp-`m-jv,-kptK-jv. a-cp-a-Iƒ: Pb-{io.

hr²- _-ÊnSn-¨p a-cn-¨p

tIm-X-awK-ew:{]m¿Y-\m tbm-K-Øn-\v ti-jw ho-´nte-°v a-Sßnb h-tbm[nI _- v C-Sn-®p a-cn®p. Ip´ºp-g sIm-®p-\m-I∏p-g ]-tc-X\m-b ]m-d-∏pd-Øv B‚-Wn-bp-sS `m-cy t{X-ky(86)B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. tN-em-Sv \-S-°p-∂ {]m¿-∞\m-tbm-K-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Ø-tijw Xn-cn-sI ho-´n-te-°v a-S-ßp-tºm-gmbn-cp-∂p kw-`hw. C-h¿ h-∂ _- m-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn\n-S-bm-°n-b-Xv. _ ns‚ apºn-eqsS tdm-Uv ap-dn-®pI-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS _- v CSn°p-Ibpw Sb¿ tZ-lØp-IqSn I-b-dn-bn-d-ßp-I-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p. kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp-h-®pX-s∂ Ch¿ a-cn®p. t]mÃp-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-tijw ar-X-tZ-lw _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn-´p-sIm-SpØp. a°ƒ: t__n, tdm-kven, tacn, tUmfn, tPmkv, ]-tc-Xbm-b sU-bvkn. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-ΩnWn, ]u-temkv, A-K-kv‰n, tPm¿Pv, _nμp.

sk-Iyq-cn-än Po-h-\-¡mc³ Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn¨p

]p-Xp-°mSv: h-cm-°-c-bn¬ F.Sn.Fw Iu-≠-dn-se sk-Iyq-cn-‰n Po-h-\-°mc≥ Ip-g-™p-ho-Wv a-cn-®p. ]-≈n-°p-∂v A-Ωp-Ip-fw sX-dm-´n¬ t]ß-s‚ a-I≥ kn-≤m¿-∞≥(56) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C∂-se cm-hn-se hm-cm-°-c A-º-e-Øn-\v k-ao-]-Øm-bn-cp-∂p kw`hw. cm{Xn tPm-en I-gn-™v FØn-b C-bmƒ tdmU-cn-In-se Im-\-bn-te-°v ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-®-tbm-sS _-kv Im-Øv \n-∂ Nn-e-cm-Wv Nmen¬ ho-Wv In-S-∂n-cp-∂ kn-≤m¿∞-s\ Im-Wp∂Xv. \m-´p-Im¿ hn-h-c-a-dn-bn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v h-c¥-c-∏n-≈n t]m-en-sk-Øn ta-¬ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-Icn®p. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v h-Sq-°-c Fkv.F≥.Un.]n iv-a-im-\-Øn¬ \-S-°pw. `mcy: h≈nb-Ω. a°ƒ: A-\q]v, {]-ho¨.

bph-Xn s]m-Å-te-äv a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn A-¶w-Ip-«n

dnbm-kv-

_me³

]u-tem-kv

am-¯-¨³

ap-l-½-Zm-en

]-co-Xv

Ia-ep

t\m¿-Øv ]-d-hq¿: ssIXmcw ]-tc-X\m-b am-S-h\-°mSv (aT-Øn¬) At√-iv `m-cy A-∂w-Ip-´n (91). a°ƒ: ]-tc-Xbm-b t__n, ]-tc-X\mb tPm¿Pv, tPmkv, Ip™Ω, sP n, en√n, kn-kv‰¿ A≥-kv-an≥. a-cpa°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b ]utemkv, a-dn-bm-Ω, B\n, tPm¿Pv, t__n.

ssh-∏n-≥:- ]p-Xp-ssh-∏vtXm-Wn-∏m-e-Øn-\p kao-]w- \n-I-Øn-Ø-d- ]-tcX-\m-b- A-jv-d-^n-s‚- aI-≥ dn-bm-kv- (28)- -.-`m-cy:k-Pn-e.- am-Xm-hv-:- D-ssk_.-

Kpcp-hm-bq¿: Imc-°mSv amtßm´p]d-ºn¬ am®m-aw-K-eØv _me≥(75). kwkvImcw C-∂v D-®-bv° 12 \v Kpcp-hm-bq¿ \K-c-k` ivaim-\-Øn¬. `mcy: ]tc-X-bmb am[hn. a°ƒ: iin-I-e, \μ-Ipam¿, (Kƒ^v), `c-X≥, iin-I-e. acp-a-°ƒ: kp{]-`, {]oX (-F.-B¿.Hm-^nkv, Nmh-°m-Sv), kp{_-“-Wy≥.

am-f: ta-e-Uq¿ Im-tc°m-´v ]u-tem-kv(86). `mcy: t__n. a°ƒ: tPmkv, h¿-Kokv, Fanen, kmP≥, kPn. a-cpa°ƒ: sP∂n, A¬t^m¨-k, s•≥, enkn, ]u-tem-kv.

am-f: sIm-º-Øv-IS-hv ta-°m-´p-]-d-ºn¬ am-Ø®≥(74). a°ƒ: Pok≥, Pn≥kn, Pn¬_n. a-cp-a°ƒ: jme‰v, sU∂n, B‚p.

Im-´q¿: I-gn{ºw ]p-Xn-bho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b A-San-bp-sS a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zmen(80). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbm-b a-dnbp-Ω. a°ƒ: A-jv-d^v, jm-ln-Z, sk-^n-b, Bcn-^, A-–p¬ hm-lnZv, d-kn-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: km-Pn-X, A–p¬ kemw lmPn, _jo¿, I-_o¿, ^-ko-e, sj-ao¿.

I-bv-]-awKew: s]cn™-\w N-°-c-∏m-Sw kz-tZ-in- aT-Øn-∏-d-ºn¬ ]-coXv. a°ƒ: kpl-d, A-∫m-kv(a-kvI-‰v), bqk-^v(Zp_-bv), ]-tcXbmb ssk-\-_. a-cpa°ƒ: aq-k, A_p, lmP-d, jw-kp.

]m-h-d´n: a-cp-X-bq¿ h-Smt»-cn ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jvW≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy I-aep(70). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: in-hcma≥, k-l-tZh≥, iin, hk-¥, tIm-afw. a-cp-a°ƒ: Kn-cn-P, N-{μnI, cmPn, iin, a-t\m-lc≥.

]-cy-bn- lm-Pn I-°-´n¬: ]m-Xn-cn-∏-‰ A-ßm-Sn-bn-se hym-]m-cnbpw ]-tc-X-\m-b A-cn-∏qf ]-d-º-Øv A-–p-√-bpsS a-I-\p-am-b ]-Sn-™msd ]m-d-s∏m-bn-en¬ ]cy-bn lm-Pn (62). am-Xm-hv: a-dn-bw. `m-cy: B-ky l-÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: ko-\-Øv. a-cp-a-I≥: atSm-sºm-bn¬ A-iv-d-^v hm-Wn-ta¬ ({I-k‚ v ssl-kv-Iqƒ A-[ym-]I≥). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: F ]n A-Ω-Xv, s\-√ym-ºp-d-Øv J-Zo-P, ]m-Øp Im-bs°m-Sn, Ip-™m-an.

kpa-Xn Nm-e-°pSn: C-dn-tK-j≥ Izm¿-t´-gv-kv tdm-Un¬ ]tc-X\m-b dn-´. A-[ym-]I≥ aT-Øn-]-d-ºn¬ tKm-hnμ-s‚ `m-cy kp-aXn(82). a°ƒ: {io-\nhmk≥, {io-tZhn, e-XmtZhn, kp\n-tam≥. a-cpa°ƒ: t{]w-\n-hmkv, chn, kn‘p, koa.

\m-cm-b-W-]n-Å Ip-a-fn: Ip-f-Øp-]m-ew I-dp-I-∏-≈n¬ sI B¿ \m-cm-b-W-]n-≈(72) \ncym-X-\m-bn. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v Ip-a-fn tdm-km-∏q-°-≠sØ ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy:I-a-em-��n. a°ƒ:sI F≥ hn-P-b≥, sI F≥ k-Xy≥.

a-Wn aq-∂m¿: kw-kv-Im-c bqØv Iv-f-∫n-s≥-d ÿm-]I sk-{I-´-dn sI B¿ aWn. aq-∂m¿ Np-Ωm¿ \-Kdn¬ ssh-Zy-im-e \-SØn-bn-cp-∂ A-tZ-lw Ign-™ Ip-d-®v h¿-j-ßfm-bn A-Sn-am-en-bn-em-bncp-∂p Xm-a-kw. -

`m-c-Xn X-e-t»-cn: am-S-∏o-Sn-I ku-Øv h-b-e-fw bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao]w A-\p-]-a-bn¬ Fw sI `m-c-Xn (81). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Fw cmL-h≥. a-°ƒ: h-k¥cm-Pv, kp-tem-N-\, ssj-\, jm-Pn, jn-PnØv em¬ (a-kv-°-Øv), im-en-\n, ]-tc-X-bm-b _o-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n¿-a-e, {]`m-I-c≥, \n-j, _n-μp, cta-iv _m-_p, ]-tc-X-\mb cm-P≥.

lk³Ip-«n h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ tIm-cß-≠n l-k≥Ip-´n (84). `m-cy: Ip-™-en-a.

G-en-bm-½ Hm-a-t»-cn: th-fw-tIm-Sv Cu-¥-√mw-Ip-gn-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]-t{Xm-kn-s‚ `m-cy B-\-°p-gn-bn¬ Gen-bm-Ω (82). a-°ƒ: t_-_n, ^m. kv-I-dn-b, ]u-tem-kv, G-en-bm-kv, Hm-a-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: eo-e, ta-cn, km-dm-Ω, B-en-kv, tPm¿-Pv.

ssa-ap h-S-I-c: Xm-sg-A-ßm-Sn Np-≠n¬ ssa-ap (55). `¿Øm-hv: Np-≠n¬ l-k≥. a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp-∂m-k¿, A-–p-¬ a-\m-^v (Zp-_bv), am-ln-e, A-kvew, Xkveo-\, lm-^n-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-ko¿ a-Wnbq¿, _-Z-dp-∂n-k, d-knb Xn-t°m-Sn, ^m-kn-e, ]-tc-X-\m-b K-^q¿ h≈n-°m-Sv.

B-an-\-¡p-«n

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: ]-\-t°m-Sv ta-te h-Sp-h≥-I-≠nbn¬ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n lmA-l-½-Zv-tIm-b Pn-bp-sS `m-cy B-an-\-°p\-cn-°p-\n: ]m-e-Øv Ifw-sIm-≈n A-l-Ω-Zv-tIm- ´n(69). a-°ƒ: A-–p¿-dlvam≥, I-cow. a-cp-a-Iƒ: b (73). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. jm-°n-d.

_n-¿¡ - p-«n I¬-∏I - t- ©-cn: ]-dh - ∂q¿ sh-Ãn-se ]-tc-X\m-b a-tø-cn ap-bX v- o≥-Ip´n-bp-sS `m-cy sIm-√Ø - v _n-ø° - p-´n (84). a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-sambvXo≥-Ip-´n (dn-´. {]-^k¿.-Sn.-Fw.-Pn.-tIm-fP - v Xncq¿), Ip-™l - Ω - Z- ,v- A_vZ- p¬ e-Øo-^v,- A-_vZp¬- hm-ln-Zv, A-_Zv- p¬ ip-°q¿, D-Ωm-®p, Ip™o-a, ^m-Øn-a, A-aØp-di - o-Zv,- J-Zo-P. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ssi-Jv- A-_vZp-√ sX-øº - m-´n¬, ]-tcX-\m-b I - p-™Ω - p, A-Snbm-´n¬ ap-lΩ - Z- v _m-h, Sn s - I ap-la - a - Z- v _-jo¿, dn-´. F-≥Pn-\o-b¿ Ip™m-en Ip-gn-∏p-dw,- dp-Jnb,- k-^n-b, k-^n-b,-ko\-Øv,- J-ad - p-∂o-k.

eym-Wn-b-½ ]m-dp-¡p-«n-b-½ {]-k-¶-Ip-am-cn A-ÐpÂJm-ZÀ au-e-hn I-Xpºa¨: ap-´w I-°m-Sv N-ß-\m-t»-cn: Xr-s°m- I-ß-g: ]-Ø-\m-Sv k-csh-ºm-bw: I-\ym-Ip-fß-c ap-°w-]m-eaq-Sv C-Shn-fm-Iw A-–p¬-Jm-Z¿ au-e-hn (80). Z-£n-WtI-c-f Pw-C-ø-Øp¬ D-ea-bp-sS B-Zy-Im-e {]h¿-Ø-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. Icn-®m-d, t]m-Ø≥-tIm-Sv, sh-ºm-bw F-∂n-hn-S-ßfn¬ ap-Z-cn-km-bpw C-amam-bpw Zo¿-L-Im-ew tkh-\-a-\p-„n-®n-´p≠v. `m-cy: kp-ss_-Zm _o-hn. a-°ƒ: ko-\-Øv, kp¬^-Øv, A¿-j-Zv ap-l-Ω-Zv \-Zv-hn (Bƒ C-¥y Camw-kv Iu¨-kn¬ kwÿm-\ k-an-Xn Aw-Kw), A≥-k¿, _p-jv-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ l°nw, C-eym-kv, kp-sseam≥, P-eo-e, A-\o-k. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂pcm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v I-\ym-Ip-fß-c Ppw-B a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

A¶½ ss]tem tN¿Øe: tN¿Øe \K-c-k` 25mw hm¿Uv shfo-]-d-ºn¬ ]tcX\mb ss]tembpsS `mcy A∂Ω ss]tem (95).

sX-t°-Xn¬ I-eym-Wnb-Ω(95). a°ƒ: im¥(apwss_), cm-[maWn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tcX\m-b Zn-hm-I-c≥, hmkp-tZh≥.

tPm-k-^v tXm-a-kvN-ß-\m-t»-cn: ]m-bn-∏mSv \m-ep-tIm-Sn th-jvWm¬ tPm-k-^v tXm-akv(Ip-´-∏≥-˛76). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v 2.30\v \m-ep-tIm-Sn sk‚ v tXm-a-kv C-S-h-I tZ-hm-e-b-Øn¬. `m-cy tdm-k-Ω(X-¶-Ω) \m-eptIm-Sn Ip-gn-a-Æn¬ a-ebn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a°ƒ: em-en-®≥(A-kn-.cPn-kv-{Sm¿ cm-Po-hv Km‘n bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n Acp-Wm-N¬ {]-tZ-iv), tPmkv tam≥, kn-_n-®≥, ^m.km-_p th-jv-Wm¬({]n≥-kn-∏mƒ Im¿-Zn\m¬ t{K-jy-kv ssl-kvIqƒ apw-s_), en-kn ,an\n, kn-ÿ Zo-]v-Xn, knÿ k-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ : tPm-fn,cm-Pn,jo-_,_m_p, Ip-™p-Ip-™p.

Sn-Øm-\w ap-≠-bv-°¬ s]-cp-º-≈n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb \m-cm-b-W-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy ]n F≥ ]m-dp-°p-´nb-Ω (95). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v sshIo-´v \m-en-\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. ]-tc-X Ip-‰q¿ X-ebm¿ \-¥n-°-c Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: c-ho{μ≥-\m-b¿, ]-¶-Pm£≥-\m-b¿, ]-tc-X-bmb N-{μ-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-tem-N-\, e-XmIp-am-cn, cm-a-N-{μ≥-\mb¿.

s]m-¡³ Ip-‰ym-Sn: h-f-b-∂q-cnepw k-ao-]-{]-tZ-i-ß-fnepw I¿-j-I kw-Lw sI-´n-∏-Sp-°m≥ {]-h¿Øn-® C-√-Ø-d-I-≠n s]m-°≥ (85). `m-cy: ]tc-X-bm-b \-Sp-hn-se FS-Øpw-th-en-°m-Øv Pm\p. a-°ƒ: _m-e≥ (tIm-b-º-Øq¿), N{μ≥ (ssa-\n-Mv B‚ v Pn-tbm-f-Pn, a-t©-cn), _m-_p, hn-a-e, ssi-e.

F-en-hn-jw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v aq-¶p -h-b-Êp-Im-c³ a-cn-¨p I¬-∏-‰: F-en-\-io-I-c-WØn-\m-bn ]-©m-b-Øv hn-X-cWw sN-bv-X F-en-hn-jw D≈n¬-s®-∂v aq-∂p -h-b- p-Imc≥ a-cn-®p. ]-Sn-™m-d-Ø-d ]©m-b-Øv H-º-Xmw hm¿-Unse Xn-cp-aw-K-ew B-Zn-hm-kn tIm-f-\n-bn-se tKm-]m-e≥-˛cm-[ Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ IÆ-\m-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. _p-[-\m-gvN ssh-Io-´v ]-e-lm-c-sa-∂p I-cp-Xn F-en-hn-jw I-gn-® Ip´n-sb A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-

epw ]n-t‰-∂p a-cn-°p-I-bm-bncp∂p. F-en-\-io-I-c-W-Øn-\v hb-\m-´n¬ B-tcm-Ky-h-Ip-∏ns‚-bpw ]-©m-b-Øn-s‚-bpw k-l-I-c-W-tØm-sS hn-X-cWw-sN-bv-X F-en-hn-jw D-{Kti-jn-bp-≈ tdm-tUm-t^m F∂ cm-k-kw-bp-‡-am-sW-∂p ]-cm-Xn D-b¿-∂n-cp-∂p. tI-c-f tÃ-‰v sh-b¿-lu-kn-Mv tIm¿]-td-j-\m-Wv Cu kw-bp-‡w X-øm-dm-°n-b-Xv. tem-Im-tcmKy kw-L-S-\ tdm-tUm-t^m

kw-bp-‡-sØ A-Xy-]-I-S-Ic-am-b H-∂v-˛-F hn-`m-K-Øn¬ Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xm-Wv. A-b¬-°q-´-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv F-en-hn-jw ho-Sp-I-fn¬ FØn-®-Xv. A-tX-k-a-bw, I-S-bn¬\n∂p hm-ßn-b F-en-hn-j-am-Wv Ip-™n-s‚ a-c-W-Øn-\v Im-cW-am-b-sX-∂p ]-©m-b-Ø-[nIr-X¿ ]-d-™p. F-∂m¬ {]tZ-i-hm-kn-Iƒ C-Xp \n-tj[n-®p. I-Æ-s‚ k-tlm-Z-c≥: tKm-Ip-¬.

kz-Xn-aw-K-ew kp-\n¬Ip-am-dn-s‚ `m-cy {]-k∂-Ip-am-cn (48). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v aq∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: Nn-°p, ]n-bq-jv.

A-¶-½ Ip-cym-t¡m-kv hm-I-Øm-\w: ]p-Ø≥N-¥ ]-Sn-b-d-h-≈n-°m´m-b ]q-h-Øpw-aq-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]n kn Ip-cymt°m-kn-s‚ `m-cy A-∂Ω Ip-cym-t°m-kv (Ip™-Ω- 80). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf D-®-I-gn-™v aq-∂n\p P-dp-k-tew sk‚ v taco-kv Hm¿-Ø-tUm-Iv-kv ]-≈n-bn¬. ]-tc-X tIm´-bw ]p-Ø-\-ßm-Sn ]p-fn°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a°ƒ: Ip-cp-hn-f ]n sI (sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv, tIm-´-bw), tP-°-_v ]n Ip-cym-t°m-kv (bp.sI.), an-\n-tamƒ ]n Ip-cymt°m-kv (I-cn-∏m¬ tlmkv-]n-‰¬, tIm-´-bw). a-cpa-°ƒ: tPm-fn, sIm-®ptamƒ (bp.sI.), Zn-eo-]v ]m-X-bn¬ (]m-c-K¨, tIm-´-bw).

Ip-ªn-ap-l-½-Zv h-fm-t©-cn: ap-°n-e∏o-SnI-bn-se ]-cp-Øn-°m-embn¬ Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv (75). `m-cy: \-_o-k. a°ƒ: B-bn-i, iw-kp±o≥, dw-e, k-eo-\, _pjv-d, A-–p¬- k-emw, Pko-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bvXp-´n, Xm-ln-d, tIm-b, Ckv-am-Cu¬, k-do-\, AIv-_¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b _ocm≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ae-hn, _o-°p-´n, C-ømØp-Ωp, ]-tc-X-cm-b Ip™m-e≥, ]m-Øp-Ωp.

tam-l-\³

Xm-\m-fq¿: A-co-°m-´v sN-dp-ta-te-Øv ]-Wn-°cp-≠n¬ J-Zo-P (56).

]-ø-∂q¿: ]-ø-∂q¿ tImf-Pv dn-´. {]-^. I-t≠msØ sI hn tam-l-\≥ (66). Xm-h-sØ ]-tc-Xcm-b Sn Ip-™n-Ir-jvW≥ \m-b-cp-sS-bpw sI hn \m-cm-b-Wn A-Ω-bpsS-bpw a-I-\m-Wv. `m-cy: Fw Fw kp-tem-N\. a-°ƒ: ao-c (A-[ym]n-I-), kq-cy. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-tP-jv, at\m-l-c≥ (Zp-_-bv). ktlm-Z-c-߃: tcm-lnWn, a-√n-I, k-Xy-`m-a, \μ-\≥, I-cp-Wm-I-c≥, cLp-\m-Yv, a-Wn.

Nmt¡m am-Xyp

hÀ-Kokv

kp-`m-jv tI-ih³

Xn-cp-h√: \nc-Ww h-S°p-`m-Kw A-{º-bn¬ Nmt°mw ]-d-ºn¬ Nmt°m am-Xyp (Ip-™p-Ip´n˛82).kw-kv-Im-cw C∂vv cm-hn-se 11\v \nc-Ww hS-°p-`m-Kw sk‚ v tXmakv Hm¿-Ø-tUm-Iv-kv ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ; t{K-kn-°p´n, tamen-°p-´n, tPm¿-Pp-Ip´n, Ip-™p-tam≥, am-a®≥, enkn, tPm-bn-°p´n. a-cp-a°ƒ: t_-_n-°p´n, tXm-a-kp-Ip´n, hn≥kn, sIm-®p-tam≥, cmPp, knkn-en.

Xn-cph√: h-≈w-Ip-fw Im´n-te-Øv sI hn h¿Ko-kv (84). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv. `mcy; A∂-Ω. a°ƒ; eo-em-Ω, tPmWn, A-ΩnWn, Ip™p-tamƒ, Ip-™q™Ω, tPmfn. a-cp-a°ƒ; s]m-∂®≥, X¶-Ω, cmPp, tPm¨k¨, kPn, s_-∂n.

Xn-cph√: I-hn-bq¿ C-ehpw-aq-´n¬ kp-`m-jv tIi-h≥ (68). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: dn-´ {]-^. kn kpam-tZhn. a°ƒ: Pn_n, en-tPm. a-cp-a°ƒ: kuay, c-aym-cmPv.

I-Zo-i h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ ao-Ø-se X-øp-≈-Xn¬ I-Zo-i (82). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b X-øp-≈-Xn¬ Ip-™-–p√ ap-kveym¿. a-°ƒ: Ip™-Ω-Zv lm-Pn, A-ssk\m¿, bq-k-^v, I-cow, ]mØp, B-bn-i, kp-sseJ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-_o-k, A-Ω-Xv, A-_v-Zp-¿-dlvam≥, sam-bv-Xo≥, Aeo-a, km-d, ^u-kn-b. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: sam-bvXp lm-Pn, A-ssk-\m¿ lm-Pn, Ip-™-–p-√ lmPn.

A-ºm-kv lm-Pn a-t©-iz-cw: aw-Ke - m-]p-csØ A-S° - hym-]m-cnbm-b D-tZym-h¿ sP.-Fw tdm-Un-se s_-fn-bm¿ A-∫m-kv lm-Pn (75). at©-iz-cw t]m-tØm-´ B-tLm-j°-Ωn-‰n sshkv {]-kn-U‚m-bpw {]h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: B-kypΩ, _o-^m-Øn-a, d-lva - Øv, C-Jv_ - m¬, ssd-lm\.

J-Zo-P -

Pn-½n cm-P-]p-cw: Np-≈n-°-cbn-se aq-cn-°p-t∂¬ PnΩn F-∂ Nm-t°m (62). `m-cy: kq-k-Ω (Ipt∂¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: l-Wn-tamƒ (e≠≥), tkm-Wn-b (\-gvkv, k-Rv-Po-h-\n tlmkv-]n-‰¬˛ am-hp-¶m¬), \n-Xn≥ (F≥-Pn-\o-b-dnMv hn-Zym¿-Yn, aw-K-em-]pcw). a-cp-a-°ƒ: t_-_n Iq¥-a-‰w (e-≠≥), Sn-tPm C-´n-πm-°¬. k-tlm-Z-c߃: kv-‰o-^≥, tPm-k^v, ]-tc-X-cm-b sska¨, tXm-a-kv.

\qÀ- ap-l-½-Zv B-eØ - q¿: h-lo-Z sse‰v B‚ v ku-≠v D-Sa - Imh-t»-cn Np-≠° - m-Sv dlvam-\n-bm a-kvP - n-Zn-\p k-ao-]w \q¿- ap-lΩ - Z- v (72). Hmƒ tI-cf - h-b¿sa≥ A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥ ÿm-]I - t\-Xm-hm-Wv. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b ]mØpap-Øv. a-°ƒ: kpsse-am≥, dp-Jn-b, j°o-\, h-lo-Z, k-eo-e. acp-a° - ƒ: d-“Ø - v, A-enap-Øv, kp-sse-am-≥, \q¿ap-lΩ - Z- v, Jm-Z¿-Jm≥.

ap-l-½-Zv h-S-I-c: hn-eym-∏-≈n tNcn-s∏m-bn¬ B-e-bm-´v aoج ap-l-Ω-Zv (70). `mcy: A-eo-a.

sh-¶nS-ßv: bph-Xn Xo- sIm-fp-Øn a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬. sh-¶nS-ßv a-\-°-S-hn-\p k-ao-]w am-tfm-Øv ho-´n¬ i-¶p-cp-hn-s‚ a-Iƒ iym-a(22) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. hym-gmgv-N D®-bv°v ti-jw ho-´n¬ B-cp-an√mØ k-a-b-Øv bph-Xn a-sÆ-Æ-sbm-gn-®v Xo sIm-fpØp-I-bm-bn-cp-s∂-∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d™p. A-Ωbpw A-®\pw G-I k-tlm-Z-c-\pw ssh-Io-´v ]-Wn I-gn-™v ho-´n-se-Øn-b-t∏m-gm-Wv kw`-hw Adn-bp-∂Xv. ]m-hd-´n t]m-en-kv ÿ-e-sØ-Øn ta¬ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

A]-ISw I−v dn«. t]menkv ss{UhÀ Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

sIm-´m-c-°-c: sI.F-kv.B¿.-Sn.kn _-kv \n-b-{¥Ww-hn-´v ho-Sn-s‚ a-Xn-en¬ C-Sn-®p-I-b-dp-∂-Xp I≠v dn-´-. t]m-en-kv ss{Uh¿ lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw-aq-ew a-cn-®p. sIm-´m-c-°-c ]p-ea¨ In-g-t°-sX-cp-hv \-Kdn¬ N-¥-hn-f ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ a-Øm-bn (90) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-tem-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n-bn¬ \n-∂p sIm-´m-c-°-c-bn-te°p h-cp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ sI.F-kv.B¿.Sn.kn- th-WmSv _-kv sIm-´m-c-°-c-bn¬ ]-g-b sIm-√w-˛-sN-t¶m-´ tdm-Un¬ tem-´-kv P-Mv-£-\v k-ao-]w h-®m-Wv ho-´nte-°v C-Sn-®p-I-b-dn-b-Xv. C-Xv I-≠v Ip-g-™p-ho-W a-Øm-bn-sb D-S≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®p. lr-Z-bm-Lm-X-am-Wv a-c-W-Im-cWw. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ ho-Sn-s‚ ]-Sn-∏p-c-bp-sS ta¬-°qc-bpw Hm-Spw X-I¿-∂p. Hm-Sv _- n-te-°p sX-dn-®v Nne bm-{X-°m¿-°v \n- m-c ]-cn-t°-‰p. a-Øm-bn lr-Z-b-kw-_-‘-am-b A-kp-J-Øn-\v Nn-In-¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d™p. ]-tc-X-bm-b Nn-∂-Ω-bm-Wv `m-cy. a-I≥: ]-tcX-\m-b im-ap-h¬. a-cp-a-Iƒ: kq-k-Ω.

ho«p-tPm-en-¡nsS hr² Ip-g-ªpho-Wv a-cn-¨p

F-cp-ta-en: ]m-{Xw I-gp-Ins°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-™pho-Wv hr-≤ a-cn®p. F-cp-ta-en hm-g-°m-e ap-tØm-en tIm-f-\n-bn¬ sN-√m-a-‰w ho-´n¬ ^n-en∏n-s‚ `m-cy A-Ωn-Wn (72) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-t´msS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. Ip-g™p-ho-W-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øns®-¶n-epw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p.kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v: a-°ƒ: tPm-kv, tPm-bn, A-∂-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: eo-\, sP-kn, tkm-a≥.

ss_-¡v t]m-kv-än-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

X-e-t»-cn: ss_-°v ssh-Zyp-Xn-t]m-kv-‰n-en-Sn-®v bphm-hv a-cn-®p. ]m-e-bm-Sv C≥-U-kv-{Sn-b¬ F-tÃ-‰n-\Sp-Øv sN-º-≈n ho-´n¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c-s‚ a-I≥ dn-tPjv (20) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. hym-gm-gv-N A¿-[-cm-{Xn-tbmsS [¿-a-Sw sh-s≈m-gp-°n-em-Wv A-]-I-S-w. ho-´n-te°p-t]m-I-sh t]m-kv-‰n-en-Sn-®p sX-dn-®p-ho-Wv At_m-[m-h-ÿ-bn-em-b dntPjn-s\ \m-´p-Im¿ B-ip]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. C-e-Iv{Sn-°¬ h-b¿-sa≥ tPm-en sN-bv-Xp-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. am-Xm-hv: Im¿-Øn-I. k-tlm-Z-cn: hn≥-j.

X-sâ `m-cy-bp-sS a-c-W-¯n-\p Im-c-W-¡mÀ Im-gv-N \-ã-s¸-« kw-`-hw: K-tW-jv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-¸-\p-sa-¶v _n-Pp tUm-ÎÀ-s¡-Xn-tc tI-kv ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: X-s‚ `m-cy-bpsS a-c-W-Øn-\p Im-c-W-°m¿ K-tW-jv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-∏-\p-sa∂v _n-Pp cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥. Xncp-h-√ tIm-bn-∏p-d-sØ hy‡nbpsS ]-°¬-\n-∂v 60 e-£w cq] hm-ßn-b tI-kn¬ C-∂-se ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P-cm-°n-b-t∏mƒ am-[y-a-{]h¿-Ø-I¿-°v _n-Pp cm-[m-Irjv-W≥ \¬Inb IØn-emWv Cu ]cm-a¿iw. `m-cy c-iv-an-sb Xm≥ sIm-∂n-´n-√ F-∂-Xv F∂m-bm-epw ]p-d-Øp-hcpsa∂pw c-iv-an-bp-sS a-c-WØn-\v Im-c-W-°m-c≥ K-tWjv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-∏-\p-amsW∂pw IØn¬ ]d-bp∂p. ]-cm-a¿-iw C-ß-s\: ""F-

s∂ kv-t\-ln-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cnem-Wv im-ep-ta-t\m-\v C-{Xsbm-s° k-ln-t°-≠n-h-∂Xv. `m-cy c-iv-an I-gn-™m¬ Fs∂ C-{X-bpw kv-t\-ln-®-Xpw a-\- n-em-°n-b-Xpw im-ep am{X-am-Wv. B-cv ssI-hn-´m-epw A-hƒ F-s∂ ssI-hn-Sn-√ F∂p-d-∏m-Wv. A-h-fp-sS A-Ωbn¬ \n-∂v 20 e-£w hm-ßn-bXv t\-cm-Wv. ]-t£ F-s‚ _nkn-\- n-s\-°p-dn-t®m km-ºØn-I C-S-]m-Sp-I-sf-°p-dn-t®m im-ep-hn-\-dn-bn-√. Xn-I-®pw \nc-]-cm-[n-bm-b A-h-sf tIkn¬ \n-∂v H-gn-hm-°m≥ Rm≥ 164 ap-Jm-¥-cw tIm-S-Xntbm-Sv B-h-iy-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v (F-√mhn-[ sX-fn-hp-I-fpw k-

ln-Xw). Z-b-hp-sN-bv-Xv A-h-fpsS \n-c-]-cm-[n-Xzw a-\- n-em°-Ww. ]n.kn tPm¿-Pn-s\-bpw sh-≈m-∏-≈n-sb-bpw sI ap-cfo-[-c-s\-bpw Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xn-\p-ap-ºv H-∂m-tem-Nn-°pI. C-h¿-s°-Xn-tc am-\-\-jv-Sw sIm-Sp-°p-tºmƒ kw-km-cn°p-∂ sX-fn-hp-Iƒ F-s∂-¶nepw a-d-\o-°n ]p-d-Øp-h-cpw. F-s‚ A-Ω Cu tI-kp-I-fnse-√mw \n-c-]-cm-[n-bm-Wv''. F∂nßs\bm-Wv IØnep≈-Xv. im-ep-ta-t\m-s\ tI-kn¬ \n-∂p c-£n-°m\pw `m-cy c-ivan-sb sIm-∂n-´n-s√-∂p ÿm]n-°m-\p-amWv IØn-eqsS {ia-sa∂v Icp-Xp-∂p.

Ip-∂w-Ip-fw: Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ Xn-an-c i-kv-{X-{In-b°p hn-t[-b-cm-b-h¿-°v Im-gv-N \-„-s∏-´ kw-`-h-Øn¬ tUmŒ¿-s°-Xn-tc Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]men-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp. Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se t\-{X-tcm-K hn-`m-K-Øn-se tUm. sI B¿ {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am-dn-s\-Xn-tc-bm-Wv tI-sk-Sp-Ø-Xv. s]m-Xp-{]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-b ]n Un tPm-k-^v Ip-∂w-Ip-fw a-Pnkv-t{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ k-a¿-∏n® l¿-Pn ]-cn-K-Wn-®v tUm-Œ¿s°-Xn-tc tI-sk-Sp-°m≥ D-Øc-hv \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂m-Wv t]m-en-kv \-S-]-Sn. Pq-sse 22\pw B-K-kv-Xv

12\pw Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ Xn-an-c i-kv-{X-{In-b \-SØn-b F-´p-t]-cp-sS Im-gv-N-bmWv \-„-s∏-´-Xv. Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ ]-¥m-bn¬ hnP-b-e-£v-an, ]-g-™n A-bn∂q¿ ]p-Xp-cp-Øn _m-e≥, Cøm¬ h-Sn-\n-]-d-ºn¬ Ip-´-∏≥, B¿-Øm-‰v kz-tZ-in cm-P≥, Nq≠¬ sh-¶-f-Øv X-¶, Nn-‰™q¿ hn-im-ew, In-gq¿ kz-tZin c-hn, Xn-∏n-e-t»-cn ]p-Xp-ho´n¬ tam-fp F-∂n-h-cp-sS Im-gv-Nbm-Wv \-„-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v k-kv-s]≥-j-\n-em-b tUm-Œ¿-s°-Xn-tc a-\p-jym-hIm-i I-Ωo-j-\pw tI-sk-SpØn-cp-∂p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

7 k-]v-Xw-_¿ 2013 i\n

A]-ISw I−v dn«. t]menkv ss{UhÀ Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p \m-cm-b-W-]n-Å

A¶½ ss]tem

I-eym-Wn-b-½

]m-dp-¡p-«n-b-½

{]-k-¶-Ip-am-cn

Nmt¡m am-Xyp

hÀ-Kokv

kp-`m-jv tI-ih³

Ip-a-fn: Ip-f-Øp-]m-ew I-dp-I-∏-≈n¬ sI B¿ \m-cm-b-W-]n-≈(72) \ncym-X-\m-bn. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v Ip-a-fn tdm-km-∏q-°-≠sØ ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy:I-a-em-£n. a°ƒ:sI F≥ hn-P-b≥, sI F≥ k-Xy≥. a-cp-a°ƒ:cm-[m, P-e-P.

tN¿Øe: tN¿Øe \K-c-k` 25mw hm¿Uv shfo-]-d-ºn¬ ]tcX\mb ss]tembpsS `mcy A∂Ω ss]tem (95). a°ƒ:tacn,Gen-°p´n,t__n. acp-a°ƒ:]m∏-®≥, tPm¿Pv,tacn°p´n.

Xpºa¨: ap-´w I-°m-Sv sX-t°-Xn¬ I-eym-Wnb-Ω(95). a°ƒ: im¥(apwss_), cm-[maWn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tcX\m-b Zn-hm-I-c≥, hmkp-tZh≥.

N-ß-\m-t»-cn: Xr-s°mSn-Øm-\w ap-≠-bv-°¬ s]-cp-º-≈n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb \m-cm-b-W-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy ]n F≥ ]m-dp-°p-´nb-Ω (95). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v sshIo-´v \m-en-\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. ]-tc-X Ip-‰q¿ X-ebm¿ \-¥n-°-c Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: c-ho{μ≥-\m-b¿, ]-¶-Pm£≥-\m-b¿, ]-tc-X-bmb N-{μ-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-tem-N-\, e-XmIp-am-cn, cm-a-N-{μ≥-\mb¿.

I-ß-g: ]-Ø-\m-Sv k-ckz-Xn-aw-K-ew kp-\n¬Ip-am-dn-s‚ `m-cy {]-k∂-Ip-am-cn (48). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v aq∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: Nn-°p, ]n-bq-jv.

Xn-cp-h√: \nc-Ww h-S°p-`m-Kw A-{º-bn¬ Nmt°mw ]-d-ºn¬ Nmt°m am-Xyp (Ip-™p-Ip´n˛82).kw-kv-Im-cw C∂vv cm-hn-se 11\v \nc-Ww hS-°p-`m-Kw sk‚ v tXmakv Hm¿-Ø-tUm-Iv-kv ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ; t{K-kn-°p´n, tamen-°p-´n, tPm¿-Pp-Ip´n, Ip-™p-tam≥, am-a®≥, enkn, tPm-bn-°p´n. a-cp-a°ƒ: t_-_n-°p´n, tXm-a-kp-Ip´n, hn≥kn, sIm-®p-tam≥, cmPp, knkn-en.

Xn-cph√: h-≈w-Ip-fw Im´n-te-Øv sI hn h¿Ko-kv (84). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv. `mcy; A∂-Ω. a°ƒ; eo-em-Ω, tPmWn, A-ΩnWn, Ip™p-tamƒ, Ip-™q™Ω, tPmfn. a-cp-a°ƒ; s]m-∂®≥, X¶-Ω, cmPp, tPm¨k¨, kPn, s_-∂n.

Xn-cph√: I-hn-bq¿ C-ehpw-aq-´n¬ kp-`m-jv tIi-h≥ (68). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: dn-´ {]-^. kn kpam-tZhn. a°ƒ: Pn_n, en-tPm. a-cp-a°ƒ: kuay, c-aym-cmPv.

a-Wn aq-∂m¿: kw-kv-Im-c bqØv Iv-f-∫n-s≥-d ÿm-]I sk-{I-´-dn sI B¿ aWn . aq-∂m¿ Np-Ωm¿ \K-dn¬ ssh-Zy-im-e \-SØn-bn-cp-∂ A-tZ-lw Ign-™ Ip-d-®v h¿-j-ßfm-bn A-Sn-am-en-bn-em-bncp-∂p Xm-a-kw. -

ImÀ-Xym-b-\n C-cn-´n: ap-g-°p-∂v ap-St°m-gn kv-Iq-fn-\-p k-ao]w ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm-]me-s‚ `m-cy Xm-fn Im-¿Xym-b-\n (78). a-°ƒ: ap-Ip-μ≥, _n-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: iym-a-f, i-_v\.

tPm-k-^v tXm-a-kv-

N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ]m-bn-∏mSv \m-ep-tIm-Sn th-jvWm¬ tPm-k-^v tXm-akn-kv-äÀ kn-kn-en. kv(Ip-´-∏≥-˛76). kw-kvap-f-∏p-dw: kn-kv-t‰-gv-kv Hm-^v- t{]m-hn-U≥-kv- Hm- Im-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v 2.30\v \m-ep-tIm-Sn ^v- Kym-]v- k-`mw-Kw knsk‚ v tXm-a-kv C-S-h-I kv-‰¿ kn-kn-en A-K-kv‰n≥ (54). kw-kv-Im-cw C- tZ-hm-e-b-Øn¬. `m-cy ∂p D-®-I-gn-™v- aq-∂n-\v- tdm-k-Ω(X-¶-Ω) \m-eptIm-Sn Ip-gn-a-Æn¬ a-eXn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw Im-°bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. aaq-e A-kw-]v-j≥ N¿°ƒ: em-en-®≥(A-kn-.c®n¬. ]-tc-X I-tºm-UnPn-kv-{Sm¿ cm-Po-hv Kmb, km-ln-_v-K-©v-, ‘n bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n A{^m≥-kv-, tIm-gn-t°m-SvF-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ tk-h- cp-Wm-N¬ {]-tZ-iv), tPm\w A-\p-jv-Sn-®n-´p-≠v-. D- kv tam≥, kn-_n-®≥, ≈m-´n¬ ]-tc-X-cm-b A- ^m.km-_p th-jv-WmK-kv-‰n≥-G-en-°p-´n Z-º- ¬({]n≥-kn-∏mƒ Im¿-Zn\m¬ t{K-jy-kv ssl-kvXn-I-fp-sS a-I-fm-Wv-. Iqƒ apw-s_), en-kn ,an^m-¯n-a \n, kn-ÿ Zo-]v-Xn, knÿ k-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ : Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: a-ºp-dw sh-´-Øp-]o-Sn-I ^m-Øn- tPm-fn,cm-Pn,jo-_,_m_p, Ip-™p-Ip-™p. a (70).

s]m-¡³ Ip-‰ym-Sn: h-f-b-∂q-cnepw k-ao-]-{]-tZ-i-ß-fnepw I¿-j-I kw-Lw sI-´n-∏-Sp-°m≥ {]-h¿Øn-® C-√-Ø-d-I-≠n s]m-°≥ (85). `m-cy: ]tc-X-bm-b \-Sp-hn-se FS-Øpw-th-en-°m-Øv Pm\p. a-°ƒ: _m-e≥ (tIm-b-º-Øq¿), N{μ≥ (ssa-\n-Mv B‚ v Pn-tbm-f-Pn, a-t©-cn), _m-_p, hn-a-e, ssi-e.

A-¶-½ Ip-cym-t¡m-kv hm-I-Øm-\w: ]p-Ø≥N-¥ ]-Sn-b-d-h-≈n-°m´m-b ]q-h-Øpw-aq-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]n kn Ip-cymt°m-kn-s‚ `m-cy A-∂Ω Ip-cym-t°m-kv (Ip™-Ω- 80). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf D-®-I-gn-™v aq-∂n\p P-dp-k-tew sk‚ v taco-kv Hm¿-Ø-tUm-Iv-kv ]-≈n-bn¬. ]-tc-X tIm´-bw ]p-Ø-\-ßm-Sn ]p-fn°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a°ƒ: Ip-cp-hn-f ]n sI (sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv, tIm-´-bw), tP-°-_v ]n Ip-cym-t°m-kv (bp.sI.), an-\n-tamƒ ]n Ip-cymt°m-kv (I-cn-∏m¬ tlmkv-]n-‰¬, tIm-´-bw). a-cpa-°ƒ: tPm-fn, sIm-®ptamƒ (bp.sI.), Zn-eo-]v ]m-X-bn¬ (]m-c-K¨, tIm-´-bw).

A-ºm-kv lm-Pn a-t©-iz-cw: aw-Ke - m-]p-csØ A-S° - hym-]m-cnbm-b D-tZym-h¿ sP.-Fw tdm-Un-se s_-fn-bm¿ A-∫m-kv lm-Pn (75). at©-iz-cw t]m-tØm-´ B-tLm-j°-Ωn-‰n sshkv {]-kn-U‚m-bpw {]h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: B-kypΩ, _o-^m-Øn-a, d-lva - Øv, C-Jv_ - m¬, ssd-lm\.

Pn-½n cm-P-]p-cw: Np-≈n-°-cbn-se aq-cn-°p-t∂¬ PnΩn F-∂ Nm-t°m (62). `m-cy: kq-k-Ω (Ipt∂¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: l-Wn-tamƒ (e≠≥), tkm-Wn-b (\-gvkv, k-Rv-Po-h-\n tlmkv-]n-‰¬˛ am-hp-¶m¬), \n-Xn≥ (F≥-Pn-\o-b-dnMv hn-Zym¿-Yn, aw-K-em-]pcw). a-cp-a-°ƒ: t_-_n Iq¥-a-‰w (e-≠≥), Sn-tPm C-´n-πm-°¬. k-tlm-Z-c߃: kv-‰o-^≥, tPm-k^v, ]-tc-X-cm-b sska¨, tXm-a-kv.

\qÀ- ap-l-½-Zv B-eØ - q¿: h-lo-Z sse‰v B‚ v ku-≠v D-Sa - Imh-t»-cn Np-≠° - m-Sv dlvam-\n-bm a-kvP - n-Zn-\p k-ao-]w \q¿- ap-lΩ - Z- v (72). Hmƒ tI-cf - h-b¿sa≥ A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥ ÿm-]I - t\-Xm-hm-Wv. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b ]mØpap-Øv. a-°ƒ: kpsse-am≥, dp-Jn-b, j°o-\, h-lo-Z, k-eo-e. acp-a° - ƒ: d-“Ø - v, A-enap-Øv, kp-sse-am-≥, \q¿ap-lΩ - Z- v, Jm-Z¿-Jm≥.

ap-l-½-Zv h-S-I-c: hn-eym-∏-≈n tNcn-s∏m-bn¬ B-e-bm-´v aoج ap-l-Ω-Zv (70). `mcy: A-eo-a.

tam-l-\³

N-{µ-ti-Jc³-]n-Å

hÅn-b½-

`mÀK-hn-b-½

\m-cm-b-W³

ssk-\p-±o³

hÂ-k³

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: ap-f-hq¿ Ip∂pw-]pd-Øp ho-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ap≠-s‚ `m-cy Im¿Øym-b-\n(86). ta-Xe ap-{]-]-S-hn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-amWv. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p 12\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. a°ƒ: ]-tc-Xbmb N-{μn-I, k-l-tZh≥(^b¿-t^m-gv-kv ap≥ D-tZym-K-ÿ≥), N{μ≥, kp-{_-“-Wy≥, tKm-]n(kn.]n.Fw ap-fhq¿ tem-°¬- sk-{I´dn, aq-hm-‰p]p-g Xm-eq°v sse-{_-dn Iu¨kn¬ sk-{I´-dn).a-cpa°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, h¬-k-e, eo-e, {]k-∂, koP.

]≈p-cpØn: ]-≈p-cpØn Xn-cp-Øm-fn¬ lukv sI _n tam-l-\≥ (71). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v ]-≈p-cpØn s]m-Xp-iv-a-im-\Øn¬. `mcy: cm[ taml\≥. a°ƒ: jn-_pem¬, jo-_. a-cp-a°ƒ: tZ-hn -jn-_p-em¬, cmPohv.

I-f-a-t»cn: C-S∏-≈n hS-°pw-]p-dw Ip-≠q¿ ]pØ≥ ho-´n¬ N-{μ-tiJc≥ -]n-≈ (85). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbm-b km-hn-{XnbΩ. a°ƒ: {io-tZhn, ]tc-X\m-b {io-Ip-am¿, {ioI-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: sI Sn _m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈, F-kv eo-em-hXn, sI Fkv hn-iz-\mY≥.

ssh-∏n-≥: FS-h-\-°mSv amhp-¶-Ød Imbs‚ `mcy h≈n-bΩ- (91).a°ƒ: Kucn, kn≤m¿ ∞≥, ]tc-X-cmb kpaXn, tkm-^n. acp-a-°ƒ :]tc-X-\mb Zmk≥, e£van, Ipamc≥, tPm¨-k¨.

s]cpºmhq¿: Iogn√w aeºpdØv ]tcX\mb \oeIWvT≥ \mbcpsS `mcy `m¿KhnbΩ (97). a°ƒ: ]tcX\mb IrjvW≥ \mb¿, ]tcXbmb Iukey, hnemkn\n. acpa°ƒ: kp`{Z, cmaIrjvW≥ (C≥tUm¿), _meIrjvW≥.

Im-eSn: ]m-d-∏p-dw tImW-Øp-Iq-Sn ho-´n¬ \mcm-b-W≥ (89). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: ]tc-Xbm-b e-£van. a°ƒ: tKm]n, Ip-am¿, l-cn-Zmkv, kPn, im-¥, cm-[, ]-fln\n, c-aWn, Ip-amcn. a-cp-a°ƒ: cmPΩ, hnPn, kn‘p, _nμp, Kw-Km-[c≥, aWn, Aw_p-Pm£≥, kpIp, _m_p.

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: ]m-bn-{] t]m-bm-en ap-Xn-c-°m-embn¬ ssk-\p-±o≥ (60). `mcy: c-≠m¿-°-c a-StØmS-Øv A-kv-a. a°ƒ: d-^oJv, jm^n (P-\d¬ sk-{I´-dn apkvenw bp-Øv eo-Kv ]m-bn{] ]-©mb-Øv), kn±oJv, DΩ¿, dnbm-tamƒ. a-cp-a°ƒ: \u-jmZv (ap-fhq¿), ssj-tamƒ.

Im-™n-c-a‰w: ]p-Xp-hmt»-cn B-ew-t©-cn ]-dºn¬ ]-tc-X\mb tKm]m-e≥ \m-b¿ a-I≥ F Pn h¬-k≥ (46). `mcy: an\n. a°ƒ: Aizn≥, A-\¥p. am-Xmhv: k-tcm-Pn-\n.

Fw Un \m-bÀ

am-Wn-¡w

Ir-jv-W-hm-cyÀ -

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: s]m-bn\m-®n Su-Wn-se jm-enam¿ {Sm-h¬-kv D-S-a ]-dºv {io-Ir-jv-W-bn-se Fw Un \m-b¿ F-∂ Fw Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b¿ (-65). t\-c-sØ aw-K-em]p-c-Øpw sN-ss∂-bnepw {Sm-h¬ G-P≥-kn \-S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: C-S-bn-eyw im-c-Z. a-I≥: {io-cm-Pv _m-_p. ktlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-™n°-Æ≥ \m-b¿, Kw-Km-[c≥ \m-b¿, \m-cm-b-Wn, Im¿-Xym-b-\n.

B-e-Øq¿: ta-em¿-tImSv sN-dp-h-©n-]-d-ºv ho´n¬ th-em-bp-[-s‚ aI≥ _m-e-N-{μ≥ (57). Nn-‰q¿ _n.Fkv.F≥.F-¬ Po-h-\°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: tZ-hn. am-Xm-hv: ]m-dp. a°ƒ: kp-[, kq-c-Pv. ktlm-Z-cn: im-¥-Ip-am-cn (B-e-Øq¿ tIm-˛Hm-]td-‰o-hv k¿-ho-kv k-lI-c-W _m-¶v, ta-em¿tIm-Sv {_m-©v am-t\P¿). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬.

s]-cn-tßmw: kzm-X{¥yk-ac - tk-\m-\n-bmbn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X\ - m-b aTb-ºØ - v cm-as - ‚ `m-cy ]m-Sn-tbm-´p-Nm¬ ]-´p-hsØ I-∏W - ° - m¬ amWn-°w (88). a-°ƒ: IrjvW - ≥, Im¿-Xym-b\ - n. acp-a° - ƒ: e-£va - n, ]-tcX-\m-b Ip-™n-cm-a≥.

C-µn-c Nn-‰q¿: a-e-bm-º-≈w A-º-Øn-ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b s]m-∂-s‚ a-Iƒ C-μn-c (50). a-I≥: cm-tPjv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Bdp-®m-an, s]m-∂p-a-Wn, sN-¥m-a-c, _m-e≥. N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: dn-´. s]mXp-a-cm-a-Øv F≥-Pn-\ob¿ aq-°p-X-e hr-μm-h\-Øn¬ ]-\-ßm-´n-cn hm-cy-Øv Ir-jv-W-hmcy¿ (84). aq-°p-X-e t£-{X-]-cn-]m-e-\ k-anXn {]-kn-U‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn-\n hm-ckym¿.

I-Æq¿-kn-‰n: tIm-´-°ma-dn-bm-½ bn-bn-se s\-cn-bm-¶-≠n cm-P-]p-cw: I-cn-th-S-Iap-\o-d (32). `¿-Øm-hv: sØ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]ptIm-b-º-Øq-cn-se hnØ≥]p-c-bv-°¬ tZ-h°n ^q-´v-th¿ D-S-a- thky-bp-sS `m-cy a-dn-bm-Ω en-°-e-I-Øv kn-±o-Jv. (85). a-°ƒ: t{X-kym-Ω, ]n-Xm-hv: _n sam-bv-Xp-. t_-_n, tam-fn (A-[yma-°ƒ: jm-\n-b, k-^o]n-I, sk‚ v ta-co-kv Z. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \nF¬.-]n kv-Iqƒ˛ ta-cnbm-kv, d-Cu-kv (Zp-_]p-cw), hn≥-k‚ v (kubv). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂pZn). a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]m-∏-®≥, cm-hn-se 10\v kn-‰n PpsU-bv-kn, am-Xyp, an-\n am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm(sIm¬-°-Ø), P-b \n¬. (ku-Zn).

\m-cm-b-W³ s]-cn-tßmw: th-´-s°mcpa-I≥ t£-{X-Øn-\p k-ao-]-w In-g-s°ho-´n¬ \m-cm-b-W≥ (70). `m-cy: h-b¬ho-´n¬ X-ºm-bn. a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, kPn, k-ao¨, k-\o-jv. acp-a-°ƒ: ]p-jv-], kn-\n, ku-ay.

k-Pn-X

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: ss]tßm-´p-]p-dw B-™n°-c ap-Ip-μ≥ \m-b¿ (60). `m-cy: Ip-´n-am-fp.

am-hq¿: ]-≈n-tbmƒ Im™n-c-sØm-Sn A-l-ΩZv (67). ap≥ {Km-knw ss^-_¿ Un-hn-j≥ Poh-\-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p.

Nn-‰q¿: sIm-gn-™m-ºmd I-cp-h-∏m-d ]-g-\n-bm¿]m-f-bw kp-[o-dn-s‚ `mcy k-Pn-X (25). ]n-Xm-hv: Ir-jv-W≥. am-Xm-hv: k-Xy-`m-a. ktlm-Z-c-߃: k-Pn-Øv, k-c-Wy.

ap-Ip-µ³ \m-bÀ

A-l-½-Zv

_m-e-N-{µ³

_o-¡p-«n I¬-∏I - t- ©-cn: s]m-∑p≠w ho-cm-t»-cn-∏S- n-bnse ]p-Xp-°p-Sn ssk-Xmen-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy _o°p-´n (63). a-°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv, Zm-hq-Zv, kp-sseam≥, bq-kp-^v, ^m-Øna, ssk-\_ - , kp-sseJ. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ap-lΩ - Z- vIp-´n, b-AvJ - q-_v, \mk¿, dw-e, kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-i, \-^o-k.

am-[-hn sIm-bn-em-≠n: hn-øq¿ A-tcm-Øv-Xm-g am-[-hn (74). `-¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b D-Æ-c. a-°ƒ: Pm\-In, I-a-e, _m-_p, kPo-h≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tcX-\m-b `m-kv-I-c≥, ]-tcX-\m-b tKm-]m-e≥, tla-e-X, Pn-j.

A-¶w-Ip-«n

dnbm-kv-

_me³

]u-tem-kv

am-¯-¨³

ap-l-½-Zm-en

]-co-Xv

Ia-ep

t\m¿-Øv ]-d-hq¿: ssIXmcw ]-tc-X\m-b am-S-h\-°mSv (aT-Øn¬) At√-iv `m-cy A-∂w-Ip-´n (91). a°ƒ: ]-tc-Xbm-b t__n, ]-tc-X\mb tPm¿Pv, tPmkv, Ip™Ω, sP n, en√n, kn-kv‰¿ A≥-kv-an≥. a-cpa°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b ]utemkv, a-dn-bm-Ω, B\n, tPm¿Pv, t__n.

ssh-∏n-≥:- ]p-Xp-ssh-∏vtXm-Wn-∏m-e-Øn-\p kao-]w- \n-I-Øn-Ø-d- ]-tcX-\m-b- A-jv-d-^n-s‚- aI-≥ dn-bm-kv- (28)- -.-`m-cy:k-Pn-e.- am-Xm-hv-:- D-ssk_.-

Kpcp-hm-bq¿: Imc-°mSv amtßm´p]d-ºn¬ am®m-aw-K-eØv _me≥(75). kwkvImcw C-∂v D-®-bv° 12 \v Kpcp-hm-bq¿ \K-c-k` ivaim-\-Øn¬. `mcy: ]tc-X-bmb am[hn. a°ƒ: iin-I-e, \μ-Ipam¿, (Kƒ^v), `c-X≥, iin-I-e. acp-a-°ƒ: kp{]-`, {]oX (-F.-B¿.Hm-^nkv, Nmh-°m-Sv), kp{_-“-Wy≥.

am-f: ta-e-Uq¿ Im-tc°m-´v ]u-tem-kv(86). `mcy: t__n. a°ƒ: tPmkv, h¿-Kokv, Fanen, kmP≥, kPn. a-cpa°ƒ: sP∂n, A¬t^m¨-k, s•≥, enkn, ]u-tem-kv.

am-f: sIm-º-Øv-IS-hv ta-°m-´p-]-d-ºn¬ am-Ø®≥(74). a°ƒ: Pok≥, Pn≥kn, Pn¬_n. a-cp-a°ƒ: jme‰v, sU∂n, B‚p.

Im-´q¿: I-gn{ºw ]p-Xn-bho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b A-San-bp-sS a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zmen(80). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbm-b a-dnbp-Ω. a°ƒ: A-jv-d^v, jm-ln-Z, sk-^n-b, Bcn-^, A-–p¬ hm-lnZv, d-kn-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: km-Pn-X, A–p¬ kemw lmPn, _jo¿, I-_o¿, ^-ko-e, sj-ao¿.

I-bv-]-awKew: s]cn™-\w N-°-c-∏m-Sw kz-tZ-in- aT-Øn-∏-d-ºn¬ ]-coXv. a°ƒ: kpl-d, A-∫m-kv(a-kvI-‰v), bqk-^v(Zp_-bv), ]-tcXbmb ssk-\-_. a-cpa°ƒ: aq-k, A_p, lmP-d, jw-kp.

]m-h-d´n: a-cp-X-bq¿ h-Smt»-cn ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jvW≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy I-aep(70). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: in-hcma≥, k-l-tZh≥, iin, hk-¥, tIm-afw. a-cp-a°ƒ: Kn-cn-P, N-{μnI, cmPn, iin, a-t\m-lc≥.

]-cy-bn- lm-Pn I-°-´n¬: ]m-Xn-cn-∏-‰ A-ßm-Sn-bn-se hym-]m-cnbpw ]-tc-X-\m-b A-cn-∏qf ]-d-º-Øv A-–p-√-bpsS a-I-\p-am-b ]-Sn-™msd ]m-d-s∏m-bn-en¬ ]cy-bn lm-Pn (62). am-Xm-hv: a-dn-bw. `m-cy: B-ky l-÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: ko-\-Øv. a-cp-a-I≥: atSm-sºm-bn¬ A-iv-d-^v hm-Wn-ta¬ ({I-k‚ v ssl-kv-Iqƒ A-[ym-]I≥). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: F ]n A-Ω-Xv, s\-√ym-ºp-d-Øv J-Zo-P, ]m-Øp Im-bs°m-Sn, Ip-™m-an.

`m-c-Xn X-e-t»-cn: am-S-∏o-Sn-I ku-Øv h-b-e-fw bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao]w A-\p-]-a-bn¬ Fw sI `m-c-Xn (81). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Fw cmL-h≥. a-°ƒ: h-k¥cm-Pv, kp-tem-N-\, ssj-\, jm-Pn, jn-PnØv em¬ (a-kv-°-Øv), im-en-\n, ]-tc-X-bm-b _o-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n¿-a-e, {]`m-I-c≥, \n-j, _n-μp, cta-iv _m-_p, ]-tc-X-\mb cm-P≥.

lk³Ip-«n h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ tIm-cß-≠n l-k≥Ip-´n (84). `m-cy: Ip-™-en-a.

G-en-bm-½ Hm-a-t»-cn: th-fw-tIm-Sv Cu-¥-√mw-Ip-gn-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]-t{Xm-kn-s‚ `m-cy B-\-°p-gn-bn¬ Gen-bm-Ω (82). a-°ƒ: t_-_n, ^m. kv-I-dn-b, ]u-tem-kv, G-en-bm-kv, Hm-a-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: eo-e, ta-cn, km-dm-Ω, B-en-kv, tPm¿-Pv.

ssa-ap h-S-I-c: Xm-sg-A-ßm-Sn Np-≠n¬ ssa-ap (55). `¿Øm-hv: Np-≠n¬ l-k≥. a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp-∂m-k¿, A-–p-¬ a-\m-^v (Zp-_bv), am-ln-e, A-kvew, Xkveo-\, lm-^n-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-ko¿ a-Wnbq¿, _-Z-dp-∂n-k, d-knb Xn-t°m-Sn, ^m-kn-e, ]-tc-X-\m-b K-^q¿ h≈n-°m-Sv.

B-an-\-¡p-«n

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: ]-\-t°m-Sv ta-te h-Sp-h≥-I-≠nbn¬ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n lmA-l-½-Zv-tIm-b Pn-bp-sS `m-cy B-an-\-°p\-cn-°p-\n: ]m-e-Øv Ifw-sIm-≈n A-l-Ω-Zv-tIm- ´n(69). a-°ƒ: A-–p¿-dlvam≥, I-cow. a-cp-a-Iƒ: b (73). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. jm-°n-d.

F-en-hn-jw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v aq-¶p -h-b-Êp-Im-c³ a-cn-¨p I¬-∏-‰: F-en-\-io-I-c-WØn-\m-bn ]-©m-b-Øv hn-X-cWw sN-bv-X F-en-hn-jw D≈n¬-s®-∂v aq-∂p -h-b- p-Imc≥ a-cn-®p. ]-Sn-™m-d-Ø-d ]©m-b-Øv H-º-Xmw hm¿-Unse Xn-cp-aw-K-ew B-Zn-hm-kn tIm-f-\n-bn-se tKm-]m-e≥-˛cm-[ Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ IÆ-\m-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. _p-[-\m-gvN ssh-Io-´v ]-e-lm-c-sa-∂p I-cp-Xn F-en-hn-jw I-gn-® Ip´n-sb A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-

epw ]n-t‰-∂p a-cn-°p-I-bm-bncp∂p. F-en-\-io-I-c-W-Øn-\v hb-\m-´n¬ B-tcm-Ky-h-Ip-∏ns‚-bpw ]-©m-b-Øn-s‚-bpw k-l-I-c-W-tØm-sS hn-X-cWw-sN-bv-X F-en-hn-jw D-{Kti-jn-bp-≈ tdm-tUm-t^m F∂ cm-k-kw-bp-‡-am-sW-∂p ]-cm-Xn D-b¿-∂n-cp-∂p. tI-c-f tÃ-‰v sh-b¿-lu-kn-Mv tIm¿]-td-j-\m-Wv Cu kw-bp-‡w X-øm-dm-°n-b-Xv. tem-Im-tcmKy kw-L-S-\ tdm-tUm-t^m

kw-bp-‡-sØ A-Xy-]-I-S-Ic-am-b H-∂v-˛-F hn-`m-K-Øn¬ Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xm-Wv. A-b¬-°q-´-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv F-en-hn-jw ho-Sp-I-fn¬ FØn-®-Xv. A-tX-k-a-bw, I-S-bn¬\n∂p hm-ßn-b F-en-hn-j-am-Wv Ip-™n-s‚ a-c-W-Øn-\v Im-cW-am-b-sX-∂p ]-©m-b-Ø-[nIr-X¿ ]-d-™p. F-∂m¬ {]tZ-i-hm-kn-Iƒ C-Xp \n-tj[n-®p. I-Æ-s‚ k-tlm-Z-c≥: tKm-Ip-¬.

_n-¿¡ - p-«n I¬-∏I - t- ©-cn: ]-dh - ∂q¿ sh-Ãn-se ]-tc-X\m-b a-tø-cn ap-bX v- o≥-Ip´n-bp-sS `m-cy sIm-√Ø - v _n-ø° - p-´n (84). a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-sambvXo≥-Ip-´n (dn-´. {]-^k¿.-Sn.-Fw.-Pn.-tIm-fP - v Xncq¿), Ip-™l - Ω - Z- ,v- A_vZ- p¬ e-Øo-^v,- A-_vZp¬- hm-ln-Zv, A-_Zv- p¬ ip-°q¿, D-Ωm-®p, Ip™o-a, ^m-Øn-a, A-aØp-di - o-Zv,- J-Zo-P. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ssi-Jv- A-_vZp-√ sX-øº - m-´n¬, ]-tcX-\m-b I - p-™Ω - p, A-Snbm-´n¬ ap-lΩ - Z- v _m-h, Sn s - I ap-la - a - Z- v _-jo¿, dn-´. F-≥Pn-\o-b¿ Ip™m-en Ip-gn-∏p-dw,- dp-Jnb,- k-^n-b, k-^n-b,-ko\-Øv,- J-ad - p-∂o-k.

I-Zo-i h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ ao-Ø-se X-øp-≈-Xn¬ I-Zo-i (82). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b X-øp-≈-Xn¬ Ip-™-–p√ ap-kveym¿. a-°ƒ: Ip™-Ω-Zv lm-Pn, A-ssk\m¿, bq-k-^v, I-cow, ]mØp, B-bn-i, kp-sseJ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-_o-k, A-Ω-Xv, A-_v-Zp-¿-dlvam≥, sam-bv-Xo≥, Aeo-a, km-d, ^u-kn-b. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: sam-bvXp lm-Pn, A-ssk-\m¿ lm-Pn, Ip-™-–p-√ lmPn.

Ip-ªn-ap-l-½-Zv h-fm-t©-cn: ap-°n-e∏o-SnI-bn-se ]-cp-Øn-°m-embn¬ Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv (75). `m-cy: \-_o-k. a°ƒ: B-bn-i, iw-kp±o≥, dw-e, k-eo-\, _pjv-d, A-–p¬- k-emw, Pko-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bvXp-´n, Xm-ln-d, tIm-b, Ckv-am-Cu¬, k-do-\, AIv-_¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b _ocm≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ae-hn, _o-°p-´n, C-ømØp-Ωp, ]-tc-X-cm-b Ip™m-e≥, ]m-Øp-Ωp.

J-Zo-P Xm-\m-fq¿: A-co-°m-´v sN-dp-ta-te-Øv ]-Wn-°cp-≠n¬ J-Zo-P (56).

ho«p-tPm-en-¡nsS hr² Ip-g-ªpho-Wv a-cn-¨p

F-cp-ta-en: ]m-{Xw I-gp-Ins°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-™pho-Wv hr-≤ a-cn®p. F-cp-ta-en hm-g-°m-e ap-tØm-en tIm-f-\n-bn¬ sN-√m-a-‰w ho-´n¬ ^n-en∏n-s‚ `m-cy A-Ωn-Wn (72) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-t´msS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. Ip-g™p-ho-W-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øns®-¶n-epw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p.kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v: a-°ƒ: tPm-kv, tPm-bn, A-∂-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: eo-\, sP-kn, tkm-a≥.

a[y-hb-kvI³ tdmU-cn-In acn¨ \ne-bnÂ

ImÀ¯ymb-\n

ap-\o-d

sIm-´m-c-°-c: sI.F-kv.B¿.-Sn.kn _-kv \n-b-{¥Ww-hn-´v ho-Sn-s‚ a-Xn-en¬ C-Sn-®p-I-b-dp-∂-Xp I≠v dn-´-. t]m-en-kv ss{Uh¿ lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw-aq-ew a-cn-®p. sIm-´m-c-°-c ]p-ea¨ In-g-t°-sX-cp-hv \-Kdn¬ N-¥-hn-f ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ a-Øm-bn (90) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-tem-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n-bn¬ \n-∂p sIm-´m-c-°-c-bn-te°p h-cp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ sI.F-kv.B¿.Sn.kn- th-WmSv _-kv sIm-´m-c-°-c-bn¬ ]-g-b sIm-√w-˛-sN-t¶m-´ tdm-Un¬ tem-´-kv P-Mv-£-\v k-ao-]w h-®m-Wv ho-´nte-°v C-Sn-®p-I-b-dn-b-Xv. C-Xv I-≠v Ip-g-™p-ho-W a-Øm-bn-sb D-S≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®p. lr-Z-bm-Lm-X-am-Wv a-c-W-Im-cWw. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ ho-Sn-s‚ ]-Sn-∏p-c-bp-sS ta¬-°qc-bpw Hm-Spw X-I¿-∂p. Hm-Sv _- n-te-°p sX-dn-®v Nne bm-{X-°m¿-°v \n- m-c ]-cn-t°-‰p. a-Øm-bn lr-Z-b-kw-_-‘-am-b A-kp-J-Øn-\v Nn-In-¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d™p. ]-tc-X-bm-b Nn-∂-Ω-bm-Wv `m-cy. a-I≥: ]-tcX-\m-b im-ap-h¬. a-cp-a-Iƒ: kq-k-Ω.

tam-l-\³ ]-ø-∂q¿: ]-ø-∂q¿ tImf-Pv dn-´. {]-^. I-t≠msØ sI hn tam-l-\≥ (66). Xm-h-sØ ]-tc-Xcm-b Sn Ip-™n-Ir-jvW≥ \m-b-cp-sS-bpw sI hn \m-cm-b-Wn A-Ω-bpsS-bpw a-I-\m-Wv. `m-cy: Fw Fw kp-tem-N\. a-°ƒ: ao-c (A-[ym]n-I-), kq-cy. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-tP-jv, at\m-l-c≥ (Zp-_-bv). ktlm-Z-c-߃: tcm-lnWn, a-√n-I, k-Xy-`m-a, \μ-\≥, I-cp-Wm-I-c≥, cLp-\m-Yv, a-Wn.

ssh-∏n-≥: a[y-hb-kvIs\ tdm-U-cn-In¬ acn® \ne-bn¬ Is≠-Øn.- sN-dmbn cma-h¿Ω bq\n-b≥ sslkvIqfn\v Ing°v `mKØv Xma-kn-°p∂ C√n]-d-ºn¬ kptc-{μ(60)s‚ arX-tZ-l-amWv C∂se cmhnse sNdmbn ]t´-cn-Ip-f-ßc t£{X-Øn\v kao]w Is≠-Øn-b-Xv. ap\ºw t]menkv ta¬\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn® arX-tZlw t]mÃp-tam¿´-Øn\v tijw kwkvI-cn®p.- `mcy: Ia-em-£n. a-°ƒ: kptc-jv,-kp-`m-jv,-kptK-jv. a-cp-a-Iƒ: Pb-{io.

hr²- _-ÊnSn-¨p a-cn-¨p

tIm-X-awK-ew:{]m¿Y-\m tbm-K-Øn-\v ti-jw ho-´nte-°v a-Sßnb h-tbm[nI _- v C-Sn-®p a-cn®p. Ip´ºp-g sIm-®p-\m-I∏p-g ]-tc-X\m-b ]m-d-∏pd-Øv B‚-Wn-bp-sS `m-cy t{X-ky(86)B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. tN-em-Sv \-S-°p-∂ {]m¿-∞\m-tbm-K-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Ø-tijw Xn-cn-sI ho-´n-te-°v a-S-ßp-tºm-gmbn-cp-∂p kw-`hw. C-h¿ h-∂ _- m-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn\n-S-bm-°n-b-Xv. _ ns‚ apºn-eqsS tdm-Uv ap-dn-®pI-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS _- v CSn°p-Ibpw Sb¿ tZ-lØp-IqSn I-b-dn-bn-d-ßp-I-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p. kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp-h-®pX-s∂ Ch¿ a-cn®p. t]mÃp-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-tijw ar-X-tZ-lw _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn-´p-sIm-SpØp. a°ƒ: t__n, tdm-kven, tacn, tUmfn, tPmkv, ]-tc-Xbm-b sU-bvkn. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-ΩnWn, ]u-temkv, A-K-kv‰n, tPm¿Pv, _nμp.

sk-Iyq-cn-än Po-h-\-¡mc³ Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn¨p

]p-Xp-°mSv: h-cm-°-c-bn¬ F.Sn.Fw Iu-≠-dn-se sk-Iyq-cn-‰n Po-h-\-°mc≥ Ip-g-™p-ho-Wv a-cn-®p. ]-≈n-°p-∂v A-Ωp-Ip-fw sX-dm-´n¬ t]ß-s‚ a-I≥ kn-≤m¿-∞≥(56) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C∂-se cm-hn-se hm-cm-°-c A-º-e-Øn-\v k-ao-]-Øm-bn-cp-∂p kw`hw. cm{Xn tPm-en I-gn-™v FØn-b C-bmƒ tdmU-cn-In-se Im-\-bn-te-°v ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-®-tbm-sS _-kv Im-Øv \n-∂ Nn-e-cm-Wv Nmen¬ ho-Wv In-S-∂n-cp-∂ kn-≤m¿∞-s\ Im-Wp∂Xv. \m-´p-Im¿ hn-h-c-a-dn-bn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v h-c¥-c-∏n-≈n t]m-en-sk-Øn ta-¬ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-Icn®p. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v h-Sq-°-c Fkv.F≥.Un.]n iv-a-im-\-Øn¬ \-S-°pw. `mcy: h≈nb-Ω. a°ƒ: A-\q]v, {]-ho¨.

bph-Xn s]m-Å-te-äv a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

sh-¶nS-ßv: bph-Xn Xo- sIm-fp-Øn a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬. sh-¶nS-ßv a-\-°-S-hn-\p k-ao-]w am-tfm-Øv ho-´n¬ i-¶p-cp-hn-s‚ a-Iƒ iym-a(22) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. hym-gmgv-N D®-bv°v ti-jw ho-´n¬ B-cp-an√mØ k-a-b-Øv bph-Xn a-sÆ-Æ-sbm-gn-®v Xo sIm-fpØp-I-bm-bn-cp-s∂-∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d™p. A-Ωbpw A-®\pw G-I k-tlm-Z-c-\pw ssh-Io-´v ]-Wn I-gn-™v ho-´n-se-Øn-b-t∏m-gm-Wv kw`-hw Adn-bp-∂Xv. ]m-hd-´n t]m-en-kv ÿ-e-sØ-Øn ta¬ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

ss_-¡v t]m-kv-än-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

X-e-t»-cn: ss_-°v ssh-Zyp-Xn-t]m-kv-‰n-en-Sn-®v bphm-hv a-cn-®p. ]m-e-bm-Sv C≥-U-kv-{Sn-b¬ F-tÃ-‰n-\Sp-Øv sN-º-≈n ho-´n¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c-s‚ a-I≥ dn-tPjv (20) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. hym-gm-gv-N A¿-[-cm-{Xn-tbmsS [¿-a-Sw sh-s≈m-gp-°n-em-Wv A-]-I-S-w. ho-´n-te°p-t]m-I-sh t]m-kv-‰n-en-Sn-®p sX-dn-®p-ho-Wv At_m-[m-h-ÿ-bn-em-b dntPjn-s\ \m-´p-Im¿ B-ip]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. C-e-Iv{Sn-°¬ h-b¿-sa≥ tPm-en sN-bv-Xp-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. am-Xm-hv: Im¿-Øn-I. k-tlm-Z-cn: hn≥-j.

X-sâ `m-cy-bp-sS a-c-W-¯n-\p Im-c-W-¡mÀ Im-gv-N \-ã-s¸-« kw-`-hw: K-tW-jv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-¸-\p-sa-¶v _n-Pp tUm-ÎÀ-s¡-Xn-tc tI-kv ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: X-s‚ `m-cy-bpsS a-c-W-Øn-\p Im-c-W-°m¿ K-tW-jv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-∏-\p-sa∂v _n-Pp cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥. Xncp-h-√ tIm-bn-∏p-d-sØ hy‡nbpsS ]-°¬-\n-∂v 60 e-£w cq] hm-ßn-b tI-kn¬ C-∂-se ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P-cm-°n-b-t∏mƒ am-[y-a-{]h¿-Ø-I¿-°v _n-Pp cm-[m-Irjv-W≥ \¬Inb IØn-emWv Cu ]cm-a¿iw. `m-cy c-iv-an-sb Xm≥ sIm-∂n-´n-√ F-∂-Xv F∂m-bm-epw ]p-d-Øp-hcpsa∂pw c-iv-an-bp-sS a-c-WØn-\v Im-c-W-°m-c≥ K-tWjv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-∏-\p-amsW∂pw IØn¬ ]d-bp∂p. ]-cm-a¿-iw C-ß-s\: ""F-

s∂ kv-t\-ln-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cnem-Wv im-ep-ta-t\m-\v C-{Xsbm-s° k-ln-t°-≠n-h-∂Xv. `m-cy c-iv-an I-gn-™m¬ Fs∂ C-{X-bpw kv-t\-ln-®-Xpw a-\- n-em-°n-b-Xpw im-ep am{X-am-Wv. B-cv ssI-hn-´m-epw A-hƒ F-s∂ ssI-hn-Sn-√ F∂p-d-∏m-Wv. A-h-fp-sS A-Ωbn¬ \n-∂v 20 e-£w hm-ßn-bXv t\-cm-Wv. ]-t£ F-s‚ _nkn-\- n-s\-°p-dn-t®m km-ºØn-I C-S-]m-Sp-I-sf-°p-dn-t®m im-ep-hn-\-dn-bn-√. Xn-I-®pw \nc-]-cm-[n-bm-b A-h-sf tIkn¬ \n-∂v H-gn-hm-°m≥ Rm≥ 164 ap-Jm-¥-cw tIm-S-Xntbm-Sv B-h-iy-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v (F-√mhn-[ sX-fn-hp-I-fpw k-

ln-Xw). Z-b-hp-sN-bv-Xv A-h-fpsS \n-c-]-cm-[n-Xzw a-\- n-em°-Ww. ]n.kn tPm¿-Pn-s\-bpw sh-≈m-∏-≈n-sb-bpw sI ap-cfo-[-c-s\-bpw Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xn-\p-ap-ºv H-∂m-tem-Nn-°pI. C-h¿-s°-Xn-tc am-\-\-jv-Sw sIm-Sp-°p-tºmƒ kw-km-cn°p-∂ sX-fn-hp-Iƒ F-s∂-¶nepw a-d-\o-°n ]p-d-Øp-h-cpw. F-s‚ A-Ω Cu tI-kp-I-fnse-√mw \n-c-]-cm-[n-bm-Wv''. F∂nßs\bm-Wv IØnep≈-Xv. im-ep-ta-t\m-s\ tI-kn¬ \n-∂p c-£n-°m\pw `m-cy c-ivan-sb sIm-∂n-´n-s√-∂p ÿm]n-°m-\p-amWv IØn-eqsS {ia-sa∂v Icp-Xp-∂p.

Ip-∂w-Ip-fw: Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ Xn-an-c i-kv-{X-{In-b°p hn-t[-b-cm-b-h¿-°v Im-gv-N \-„-s∏-´ kw-`-h-Øn¬ tUmŒ¿-s°-Xn-tc Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]men-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp. Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se t\-{X-tcm-K hn-`m-K-Øn-se tUm. sI B¿ {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am-dn-s\-Xn-tc-bm-Wv tI-sk-Sp-Ø-Xv. s]m-Xp-{]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-b ]n Un tPm-k-^v Ip-∂w-Ip-fw a-Pnkv-t{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ k-a¿-∏n® l¿-Pn ]-cn-K-Wn-®v tUm-Œ¿s°-Xn-tc tI-sk-Sp-°m≥ D-Øc-hv \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂m-Wv t]m-en-kv \-S-]-Sn. Pq-sse 22\pw B-K-kv-Xv

12\pw Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ Xn-an-c i-kv-{X-{In-b \-SØn-b F-´p-t]-cp-sS Im-gv-N-bmWv \-„-s∏-´-Xv. Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ ]-¥m-bn¬ hnP-b-e-£v-an, ]-g-™n A-bn∂q¿ ]p-Xp-cp-Øn _m-e≥, Cøm¬ h-Sn-\n-]-d-ºn¬ Ip-´-∏≥, B¿-Øm-‰v kz-tZ-in cm-P≥, Nq≠¬ sh-¶-f-Øv X-¶, Nn-‰™q¿ hn-im-ew, In-gq¿ kz-tZin c-hn, Xn-∏n-e-t»-cn ]p-Xp-ho´n¬ tam-fp F-∂n-h-cp-sS Im-gv-Nbm-Wv \-„-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v k-kv-s]≥-j-\n-em-b tUm-Œ¿-s°-Xn-tc a-\p-jym-hIm-i I-Ωo-j-\pw tI-sk-SpØn-cp-∂p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

7 k]vXw-_¿ 2013 i\n

]m hm-l-\-an-Sn-¨v ss_-¡v bm-{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p-

B-en-¡p-«n-

^m-¯n-a- -

ap-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n lm-Pn X-§Ä

tIm-a-f-h-Ãn- -

ap-l-½-Zv- lm-Pn

]-Åo-a

\m-cm-b-W ]-Wn-¡À -

tIm-b ap-kv-eymÀ-

F-S-h-Æ-∏m-d: ]-Wn-°-c∏p-dm-b Im-a-t»-cn-∏-dºn¬ B-en-°p-´n (84) . `m-cy-am¿. D-Ωm-®, B-bni. a-°-ƒ. A-–p¬ Ako-kv, ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, kp-ss_-Z, B-an-\, ^-coZ. a-cp-a-°ƒ. A-_q-_°¿ sIm-Sn-b-Øq¿, Al-Ω-ZvIp-´n ]m-gq¿, A_q-_-°¿ No-t°m-Sv, Bbn-i, Xzm-ln-d.

h-≠q¿: F-cn-bm-Sv ]-tcX-\m-b I-≈n-°m-´n¬ X≠p-]m-d-°¬ (]p-√p-h-f∏n¬) Ip-™p-´n-bp-sS `mcy ^m-Øn-a (65). a-°ƒ: tUm. l-^v-k-Øv (saUn-°¬ Hm-^n-k¿, tIm´-bw B-cy-ssh-Zy-im-e), km-Zn-J-en (kp-∫-dm-hpss] C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´v A-kn v), I-_o-d (^m¿-akn-Ãv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), jn-ep-P, F- ¿-_m-\p (dn-bm-Zv), j-_v\. a-cp-a°ƒ: tUm. A-_q-_°¿ (sa-Un-°¬ Hm-^nk¿, B-bp¿-th-Z B-ip]-{Xn a-t©-cn), sI F \m-k¿ (B-cm-aw), F A-kv-dm-en (sI-.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn.), ap-kv-X^ (dn-bm-Zv), kp-\n¬-_m_p (]n.F-®v.kn, F-S-hÆ), j-_v-\w km-Zn-Jv. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v ]-≈n-°p∂v J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

th-ß-c: In-fn-\-t°m-Snse ]-g-b-I-Øv ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-´n lm-Pn X-߃ (79). `m-cy: ]m-Øp-Ω-°p-´n. a°ƒ: A-en, ap-\o¿, A≥h¿, ssk-\p-±o≥ (F-√mh-cpw Zp-_bv), i-^o-Jv lp-Z-hn, kp-ss_-Z. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^, P-ao-e, dp-_o-\, k-^, kp-^o-\. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v hn.sI.am-Sv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

a-t©-cn: A-cp-In-gm-b B-c-Xn-bn¬ A-{º-°m´v cm-P-tKm-]m-en-s‚ `mcy tIm-a-f-h-√n (61). a°ƒ eo-\ (B-\-°-bw _n.F-Uv. tIm-f-Pv), do\ (Ãm-^v \-gv-kv, P-\d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn, a-t©cn). a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ir-jv-W-Zmkv, ap-tI-jv (hn-t√-Pv Hm-^nk¿, Xr-°-etßm-Sv). kw-kvIm-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 10\vv ho-´ph-f-∏n¬.

th-ß-c: Du-c-IwNmen¬-Ip-≠v Ip-≠p-]p-g°¬ sN-dn-b ap-l-Ω-Zvlm-Pn (82). `m-cy: XnØp. a-°ƒ: a-c-°m¿ (JØ¿), A-_q-_-°¿, A–p¬ -Jm-Z¿ (C-cp-h-cpw Zp-_-bv), A-–p¬ Peo¬, ssk-^p-∂o-k, JZo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-Ωp-Xp, jp-°q¿, ssk-\-_, Akv-am-_n, X-kv-eo-\, ^ko-e. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\v tX-°n¬ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

In-gn-t»-cn: Ip-gn-a-Æ sk-°‚ v ku-Øv Pn.-F¬.-]n kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w ]-tc-X-\m-b a-°m-S≥ apl-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy I-t∏°m-S≥ ]-≈o-a (85). a°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn apkveym¿, a-dn-bp-Ω, Bbn-i.- a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bvXo≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv, \-^o-k. a-øn-Øv \-a-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v Ip-gn-a-Æ sk-°‚ v kuØv PpapA-Øv ]-≈nbn¬.

F-S-°-c: t]m-Øp-I¬ ap-cp-Im-™n-cw tIm-bn∏p-d-Øv \m-c-m-b-W- ]Wn-°¿ (85). `m-cy: ]-tcX-bm-b tZ-h-In. a-°ƒ: im-¥-Ω, c-ho-{μ≥, iyma-f, tam-l-\≥, P-K-\mY≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-Xy-tZh≥, k-tcm-Pn-\n, h-’e, ssj-a, ]-tc-X-\m-b N-{μ≥. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 10-\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬.-

sh-≈n-e: tIm-gn∏d-ºv Np-≈n-bn¬ tIm-b apkveym¿ (57). Xn-cq¿-°mSv A≥-hm-dp¬ C-kvemw b-Øow-Jm-\m- d-ko-h-dpw a-Zv-d-km A-[ym-]-I-\p-ambn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: kpss_-Z. a-°ƒ: i-co-^v, in-lm-_p-±o≥ (C-cp-hcpw Z-Ωmw), ^n-tdm-kv, \u-jm-Zv, ssJ-dp-∂o-k, km-enw A≥-h-cn. a-cp-a°ƒ: in-lm-_p-±o≥, Bcn-^, i-d-^p-∂o-k, Ppssa-e, dw-e-Øv, ^m-Xzn-aap-\. J-_-d-S-°w C∂v 10\v sIm-f-∏-d-ºv Pp-am-akv-Pn-Zn¬.-

B-an-\-_n tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: ap-J-Zm¿ kq-∏-dn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI hn C-{_m-loan-s‚ `m-cy A-d-°¬ sXm-Sp-I B-an-\-_n (77). a-°ƒ: A-l-Ω-Zv-tIm-b, A-–p-√Xzo-^v, A-_q-_-°¿, Ben, C-kv-am-Cu¬, lm-cnkv, kp-l-dm-_n, ku-Zm_n, D-ssa-_m≥, dp-_o\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _o-cm≥tIm-b, \m-k¿, aq-kt°m-b, l-\o-^.

A-½m-fp-A-½ t]-cm-{º: aq-em-Sv \n-cp-hØv ]-tc-X-\m-b Zm-tam-Zc-s‚ `m-cy A-Ωm-fp-AΩ (90). a-Iƒ: Im-¿-Xymb-\n.

ap-\o-d I-Æq¿-kn-‰n: tIm-´-°mbn-bn-se s\-cn-bm-¶-≠n ap-\o-d (32). `¿-Øm-hv: kn-±o-Jv.

Ip-ª-Ðp-Ã ta-∏-øq¿: C-cn-ß-sØ am-Sm-s]m-bn¬ Ip-™–p-√ (58). `m-cy: \-ko-a. a-°ƒ: _¬-°o-kv, ap-l-Ω-Zv A-Pm-kv, jm-Pn, \m-Zn-b, ap-_o-\.

am-[-hn ta-∏-øq¿: \-Sp-h-Øq-cnse In-g-°-bn¬ am-[-hn (77). `¿-Øm-hv: Nm-Ø-∏≥. a-°ƒ: _m-_p, jm-Pn, eo-e, {]-`. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-P≥, {]-Im-i≥, \nj, kv-an-X.

Ip-ªn-¡p-«n-A-½ t]-cm-{º: Iq-\n-tbm-Sv ]-tc-X-\m-b Cu-®-tdmØv \m-cm-b-W≥ \m-bcp-sS `m-cy Ip-™n-°p´n-b-Ω (92). a-°ƒ: P-\m¿-±-\≥, ame-Xn, k-Xo-i≥ (dn-´. sI.F-kv.C._n), kptc-{μ≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b [¿-a≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-fn\n, D-jm-Ip-am-cn, eo-ema-Wn, ]-tc-X-\mb cmL-h≥ \m-b¿. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂p H-º-Xn-\p ssI-X-°¬ Xo-cw ho´p-h-f-∏n¬.

\m-cm-b-W³ \m-bÀ \-Sp-hÆ - q¿: Im-hp-¥d - bn-se ]m-d∏ - ® - n-te-cn \mcm-bW - ≥ \m-b¿ (83). `m-cy: cm-[. a-°ƒ: h-¬k-e, A-\n-X, \-μn-\n. acp-a° - ƒ: hm-kp-tZ-h≥ (F-Ivk - v. an-en-´d - n), _me-Ir-jvW - ≥ (A-[ym-]I≥ Im-hp-¥d - F.bp.]n kvI - qƒ), k-Zm-\μ - ≥ (dn´. F-b¿-t^m-gvk - v). ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: e-£va - n-bΩ, Pm-\I - n-AΩ - . k-©b-\w _p-[\mgvN.

hn-iz-\m-Y³ A-tØm-fn: sIm-f-Øq¿ Im-fn-b-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™n-cm-a≥-am-cm-cp-sS a-I≥ hn-iz-\m-Y≥ (62). am-Xm-hv: b-tim-Z-A-Ω. a°ƒ: hn-P-b-cm-Pp (C¥y≥ B¿-an), Zn-h-{io. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-[o-j v(tIm-˛-Hm-]-td-‰o-hv _m¶v, a-e-∏p-dw), A-iz-Xn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: {]-`m-Ic≥, cm-P≥, hm-kp-tZh≥, kp-tem-N-\, cpKvanWn, c-a-Wn. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 11\p ho´p-h-f-∏n¬.

t]m-¡À- lm-Pn \m-Zm-]-p-cw: D-Ω-Øq-cnse tN-e-∏p-d-Øv t]m°¿- lm-Pn (75). `m-cy: adn-bw. a-°ƒ: a-Av-dq-^v (Zp-_-bv), A-jv-d-^v (_lv-d-bv≥), kp-ss_¿, d^o-Jv, C-{_m-low, kpss_-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-a¿, sam-bv-Xp, A-jv-d-^v, kao-d, dp-Jn-b, \-Pv-a, dwe, ap-_o-\.

ImÀ-Xym-b-\n C-cn-´n: ap-g-°p-∂v ap-St°m-gn kv-Iq-fn-\-p k-ao]w ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm-]me-s‚ `m-cy Xm-fn Im-¿Xym-b-\n (78).

\qÀ- ap-l-½-Zv B-eØ - q¿: h-lo-Z sse‰v B‚ v ku-≠v D-Sa - Imh-t»-cn Np-≠° - m-Sv dlvam-\n-bm a-kvP - n-Zn-\p k-ao-]w \q¿- ap-lΩ - Z- v (72). Hmƒ tI-cf - h-b¿-sa≥ A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥ ÿm-]I - t\-Xm-hm-Wv. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b ]mØpap-Øv. a-°ƒ: kpsse-am≥, dp-Jn-b, j°o-\, h-lo-Z, k-eo-e.

A-e-hn

sam-bv-Xo³

C-{_m-low

ssa-aq-\ -

I-eym-Wn

A-ÐpÂ- I-cow

A-ÐpÂ- Jm-ZÀ

B-bn-ip-½

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: A-´-°pgn-ß-c I-f-Øn-߬ Ae-hn (86). `m-cy: ]m-ØpΩ. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, A–p¬ -Jm-Z¿, kp-sseam≥, A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, _o-]m-Øp. a-cp-a-I≥: lw-k. J-_-d-S-°w C∂p cm-hn-se 11\v A-´°p-gn-ß-c a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.-

th-ß-c: C-cn-ß-√q¿ Nmsem-Sn X-®-]-d-º≥ sam-bvXo≥ F-∂ Ip-™m-° (65). `m-cy: B-ky. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv l-k≥, A–p¬ \m-k¿, A≥-h¿, dm-_n-b, J-Zo-P, \-Pva, Pkv\, \-ko-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: aq-k, ^n-tdm-kv, ssJ-dp∂o-k, k-_v\, jp°q¿.k-tlm-Z-c≥: aq-k.

sN-dp-ap-°v: Po-em-\n\K¿ ]n-em-tØm-S≥ C{_m-low (70). `m-cy: \^o-k. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv-A-en, l-\o-^, k-ao¿ (aq-h-cpw ku-Zn), J-Zo-P, dw-e-Øv, ssa-aq-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lwk, Jm-en-Zv, ssk-X-ehn, \-^o-k, P-ao-e, dp_o-\.

Im-fn-Im-hv: Nm-gn-tbm-´nse ]m-te-t°m-S≥ ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ a-Iƒ ssa-aq-\ (45). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Z-en, k-^n-b, ^-ko-e, a≥kq¿.-a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_p, in-lm-_v, dn-km-\. ktlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-™p-apl-Ω-Zv, A-–p-ap-kveym¿, A-ssk-\m¿, lpssk≥, ]m-Øp-Ω.-

tIm-´-°¬: ]-fi-aw-Ke-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b amtX-cn I-Æ≥ sN-´n-bmcp-sS `m-cy I-eym-Wn (88). a-°ƒ: X-¶w, e£v-an, k-tcm-Pn-\n, ]Xvan-\n, D-Æn-Ir-jv-W≥, in-h-Zm-k≥. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

tIm-´-°¬: ]p-Øq¿ ]md-t°-cn ]-tc-X-\m-b ASp-h-Æn Ip-™m-\p lmPn-bp-sS a-I≥ A-Sp-h-Æ A-–p¬ I-cow (40).- `mcy: kp-lv-dm-_n. a-°ƒ: Zn¬-j sj-dn≥, Zn¬-jmZv, A≥-kn-^v. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-_p, D-a¿, D-kv-am≥, A-en, jm-ln-Zv.-

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: sN-d-awK-ew tIm-Wn-b-Øv A–p¬- Jm-Z¿ (63). `mcy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: lko-\, kp-\o-d, Zn¬-kØv, A-kv-am-_n, Pwjo¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-en-°p-´n, sam-bv-Xo≥-tIm-b, sambv-Xo≥-tIm-b.-

Ip-‰n-∏p-dw: ]m-gq¿ N°p-h-f-∏n¬ A-_p-hns‚ `m-cy B-bn-ip-Ω (63). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ssk-Xm-en, I-Ωp, tImb, ssl-{Zp, ^m-Øn-a, Xn-Øm-®p-Ω. J-_-d-S°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 11\v ]m-gq¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.-

a-t©-cn: an¬-a-bp-sS ]m¬ k-tπ hm-l-\-an-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. ]m-e-°pfw s\m-´n-sØm-Sn A-e-hnbp-sS a-I≥ ]-fp-¶v k°o¿ (43) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. hym-gm-gv-N A¿-[-cm-{Xn \ne-ºq-cn¬ \n-∂p a-t©-cn Un-t∏m-bn¬ ]m¬ C-d-°n a-S-ßp-∂ 407 tem-dn sN-cWn h-f-hn¬-h-®m-Wv k-°o-dn-s\- C-Sn-®-Xv. -tIm-gnt°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]m-Ipwh-gnbm-Wv a-cWw. hym-gm-gv-N C≥-Ãmƒ-sa‚ v km-[\-ß-fp-am-bn a-ºm-t´-°p t]m-b-n ho-´n-te-°p a-S-ßp∂-Xn-\n-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. -a-t©-cn s]-bn≥ B‚ v ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv sI-b¿ thm-f‚n-b-dm-bn-cp-∂p. am-Xm-hv: h-√m-©n-d dp-Jn-b. `m-cy: d-Po-\. a-°ƒ: k-lm-\, jw-\, jm-an¬. ktlm-Z-c-߃: d-jo-Zv, ap-l-Ω-Z-en, K-^m¿, ssl-Z-den, B-kn-^v, B-_n-Z-en, kp-lv-d. J-_-d-S-°w ]m-e°p-fw Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_-¿ÿm-\n¬.

Zp-_-bn \ncym-X-\mbn

tIm-´-°¬: tIm-´q¿ kztZ-in Zp-_-bn¬ lrZ-bmLm-Xwaq-ew a-cn-®-Xm-bn _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-h-cw e`n-®-p. ta-te-Xn¬ tIm-bbp-sS a-I≥ aq-l-Ω-Zv F∂ _m-h-bm-Wv (38) acn-®Xv. am-Xm-hv: I-Zn-b-. `m-cy: kp-lv-d-. G-I-a-Iƒ: ^¿km-\ Pm-kv-an. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Pp-ss_-cn-b, kp-lvd, B-ky, dp-Jn-b.

b-{´-¯n Ip-Sp-§n kv-{Xo-sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-¨p

h-S-I-c: a-Wn-bq¿ a-¥-cØq-cn¬ B-bp¿-th-Z a-cp∂p-\n¿-am-W im-e-bn-se b-{¥-Øn¬ Ip-Sp-ßn kv{Xo-sXm-gn-em-fn- a-cn-®p. a¥-c-Øq¿ ]-b-\p-Ω¬ c-btcm-Øv ]-d-º-Øv I-eymWn-bm-Wv (55) a-cn-®-Xv. ssN-X-\y B-bp¿-thZ a-cp-∂p-\n¿-am-W-im-ebn¬ C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. A-cn-„w ]n-gn-s™-Sp-°p-∂ b-{¥-Øn¬ km-cn Ip-SpßnbmWv A]-I-S-Øn¬s∏-´Xv. a-‰v sXm-gn-em-fnIƒ ssh-Zyp-Xn hn-t—-Zn-®v I-eym-Wn-sb ]p-d-sØ-SpØv h-S-I-c k-l-I-c-W B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶nepw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. ]-tc-X-\m-b _m-e-\m-Wv `¿-Øm-hv. a-°-fn-√. ktlm-Z-c-߃: am-Xp, \m-cm-b-Wn, Pm-\p. h-S-I-c t]men-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰v sN-bv-X ar-X-tZ-lw K-h. B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw _-‘p-°ƒ°p hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp.

In-W-än a-cn-¨-\n-e-bnÂ

h-S-I-c: ssh-°n-e-t»-cn-bn¬ bp-hm-hv In-W-‰n¬ acn-®-\n-e-bn¬. I-Ω-S-Øv j-Ko-jm-Wv (27) a-cn-®-Xv. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N cm-hn-se-bm-Wv ho-´p-In-W-‰n¬ ar-XtZ-lw Im-W-s∏-´-Xv. ]n-Xm-hv Ip-am-c≥ aq-∂p-am-kw ap-ºm-Wv a-c-n-®-Xv. h-S-I-c-bn¬ \n-∂v ^-b¿-t^m-gvkv F-Øn ar-X-tZ-lw ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Øv K-h. B-ip-]{Xn-bn-te-°p am-‰n.

A-ÐpÂ- I-cow

\-§o-en -

A-_p

Ip-ªo-cp-½

ap-l-½-Zv -

do-P -

dn-Z

A-_q-_-¡À- lm-Pn

sIm-t≠m-´n: ]-tc-X\m-b kn kn sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS a-I≥ A-–p¬ I-cow (39). `m-cy: d-ko-\. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv Pm-kveo≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv Pmkn≥. a-cp-a-I≥: A–p¬- e-Øo-^v.-

\o-dm-Sv: Im-c-h-en-b-\m-Ks‚ `m-cy \-ßo-en (62). a°ƒ: jm-Pn, kp-Ip-amc≥, kp-`m-jv, im-¥, \nj. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-{_-lvaWy≥, _-\o-j.

I-cp-fm-bn: A-º-≈n A_p (65). `m-cy: kp-ss_Z. a-°ƒ: ho-cm≥-Ip-´n, jm-P-lm≥, jn-lm-_v, km-Pn-X.-

Im-h-\q¿: sN-ß-c a´-Øn-cn-°p-∂v Ip™o-cp-Ω (102). a°ƒ: _o-cm≥-Ip-´n, D-Ωm-®p, ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-´n, A-–p-√. a-cp-a°ƒ: B-ky, a-dn-bIp-™n, B-bni°p-´n.-

Xm-\q¿: Su¨ ]m-eØn-\p k-ao-]w ]-tcX-\m-b _m-h-en-bpsS a-I≥ s]m-´n‚-IØv ap-l-Ω-Zv (58). `m-cy: A-kv-a. a-I≥: C-kv-am-Cu¬. k-tlm-Z-cn: h-≈n°p-´n.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: A-tbm[ym-\-K-dn¬ ]p-¢m-t»-cn jm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy do-P (33). a-°ƒ: kv-t\-l, A-]¿-W, B-c-Xn.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: ap-≠-°≠-sØ kn sI th-WptKm-]m-e≥ \m-b¿ (72).

Im-fn-Im-hv: B-a-s∏mbn-en-se a-p-´p-∏m-d apl-Ω-Zv A-–p¬ jp°q-dn-s‚ a-Iƒ dn-Z (B-dv). B-a-s∏m-bn¬ Pn.-F¬.-]n kv-Iqƒ H∂mw-¢m-kv hn-Zym-¿-Yn\n-bm-bn-cp-∂p. am-Xmhv: _m-kn-a.

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: sR-t≈md-Ω¬ A-_q-_-°¿- lmPn (80). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-lΩ-Zv, A-–p-¬ -d-km-Jv ({_q-W), A-ssk≥, k^n-b, B-an-\, kp-ss_Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^m-Xzn-a, B-bn-i, j-do-\, lpssk≥, a-Po-Zv, Jm-Z¿.

I-Zo-i-¡p-«n

Pm-\-In-A-½

A-{´p

tdm-bn

{io-a-Xn-A-½

cm-L-h³ \m-bÀ

^-tdm-°v: {km-¶v]-Sn a-c°-\-tßm-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy I-Zoi-°p-´n (80). a-°ƒ: ^mXzn-a-°p-´n, ssk-\-_, lp-ssk≥ (_n-kn-\kv), ]-tc-X-bm-b \-^ok. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bvXo≥-tIm-b, ssl-dp-∂nk, ]-tc-X-\m-b _ocm≥.

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: s]-cnsßm-fw ]-tc-X-\m-b tI-i-h≥-\m-b-cp-sS `mcy ]p-d-°m-´v Pm-\-InAΩ (90). a-°ƒ: th-Wp-tKm-]me≥ (dn-´. sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn), ]-tc-Xbm-b N-{μ-a-Xn, im-¥Ip-am-cn. k-©-b-\w Xn¶fmgvN.

hm-Wn-ta¬: I-b-a-°-≠n A-{¥p (86). `m-cy: B-bnip. a-°ƒ: Ip-™-–p-√ (Zp-_-bv), am-an, k-^n-b, ssk-\, dm-_n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: lm-P-d, B-en-l ≥, aq-k, l-ao-Zv, A-–p¿-d-lv-am≥. J-_-d-S-°w C∂p cm-hn-se 8.30\p hmWn-ta¬ Pp-ap-A-Øv ]≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

Iq-S-c-™n: πm-¥m-\-Øv ss\-\m-s‚ a-I≥ tdm-bn (46). A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv. amXm-hv: G-en-bm-Ω. ktlm-Z-c-߃: sd-©n, cmPp, sd-Pn, tdm-Pn, do-P. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°p c-≠n-\p Iq-S-c-™n sk‚ v sk-_m-kv-‰y≥ N¿-®v sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

X-e-°p-f-Øq¿: a-Xn-e-Iw t£-{X-Øn-\-Sp-Øv sNtºm-fn-ao-ج {io-a-Xn A-Ω (74). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b am-[-h≥ \m-b¿. a°ƒ: tim-`-\. jo-P, do-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥ (_n-kn-\-kv), _me≥ (sI.F-kv.C._n), kp-tc-jv-_m-_p (Kƒ-^v). k-©-b-\w Xn-¶fmgvN.

X-e° - p-fØ - q¿: ]-d∏ - m-d°-Sp-Øv ]-Sn-™m-sd Itfm-dØ - v ho-´n¬ F-ΩW - °m-hn¬ cm-Lh - ≥ \m-b¿ (85). `m-cy: Im-¿X - ym-b\ - nA-Ω. a-°ƒ: tIm-af - h - √ - n, kp-`P - . a-cp-a° - ƒ: cm-aN - {μ≥ (dn-´. F.F-kv.sF _m-ep-t»-cn), kp-tc-jv_m-_p (F¬.sF.-kn GP‚ v, sIm-bn-em-≠n).

k-^n-b

lp-ssk³- lm-Pn

s]-®q-«n

Ip-am-c³

sam-bv-Xo³

`m-c-Xn

h-S-I-c: Hm¿-°m-t´-cn Ff-tßm-fn k-^n-b (25). ]n-Xm-hv: aq-k. am-Xm-hv: J-Zo-P. `¿-Øm-hv: A-\o-kv. ktlm-Z-c-߃: a-Po-Zv, kao-d, \-Zo-d. a-°ƒ: kn\m≥, A-–p-√.

Xn-t°m-Sn: Xr-t°m-´q¿ sh-kv-‰v K-h. F¬.]n kvIq-fn-\p k-ao-]w ]-Sn™m-sd B-\-°-≠n ]n F lp-ssk≥- lm-Pn (55). `m-cy: kp-ss_-Z. a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, B-en, ]tc-X-bm-b kp-ssl-e.

Xn-t°m-Sn: ]m-eq-cnse ]m-tem-fn-Øm-g s]-Æq-´n (95). a-°ƒ: I-eym-Wn F-c-h-Øv, Nm-Øp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tim-`, ]-tc-X-\m-b ]m-®¿.

t]-cm-{º: tN-t\m-fn \o-tem-Øv Ip-am-c≥ (59). `m-cy: Im¿-Xym-b-\n. a-°ƒ: Zn-hy, [-\y, cay. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-[p, _n-\n, kp-tc-jv.

\-cn-°p-\n: Ip-´-ºq¿ sX-s°-°m-c-tØm-´n¬ sam-bv-Xo≥ (80). `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: ap-l-ΩZv (Zp-_-bv), lm-P-d, k^n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv, A-^v-k¬.

X-e-t»-cn: am-S-∏o-Sn-I ku-Øv h-b-e-fw bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w A-\p]-a-bn¬ Fw sI `m-c-Xn (81). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Fw cm-L-h≥.

_m-e-N-{µ³

Pn-½n

B-e-Øq¿: ta-em¿-tIm-Sv cm-P-]p-cw: Np-≈n-°-csN-dp-h-©n-]-d-ºv ho-´n¬ bn-se aq-cn-°p-t∂¬ PnΩn F-∂ Nm-t°m (62). _m-e-N-{μ≥ (57).

th-Wp-tKm-]m-e³ \m-bÀ

bp.F-kn c-−v C-´y-¡mÀ sh-Sn-tb-äp a-cn-¨p

hm-jn-Mv-S¨: A-ta-cn-°-bn¬ ap-Jw-aq-Sn- [-cn-s®Øn-b kw-Lw c-≠v C-¥y-°m-sc sh-Sn-h-®psIm∂p. ]-©m-_v kz-tZ-in-I-fm-b P-Kv-X¿ `m-´n (55), ]-h≥ kn-Mv (22) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. D-Øc C-¥ym-\-bn¬ an-Un¬-_-dn kv-{So-‰n-se hym-]m-cÿm-]-\-em-Wv kw-`-hw. \-K-c-Øn¬ t{Km- -dn°S \-S-Øp-∂ C-h-cp-sS ÿm-]-\-Øn-¬ I-h¿-® \S-Øm-s\-Øn-b kw-L-sØ X-S-™-t∏m-gm-Wv sh-Sn-h-bv-]p-≠m-b-sX-∂m-Wv dn-t]m¿-´v. P-e-‘¿ kn-‰n-bn-se {]o-Xv\-K-dn¬ \n-∂p-≈h-cm-Wv acn-®-sX∂v ]-©m-_v am-[y-a-߃ dnt]m¿-´v- sN-bv-Xp. kw-`-h-Øn¬ A-t\z-j-Ww Xp-Sßn-b-Xm-bpw c-t≠m A-[n-e-[n-Iw t]-tcm B-Wv sIm-e-]m-X-I-Øn-\p ]n-∂n-ep-≈-sX-∂pw t]m-enkv ]-d-™p. Iq-Sp-X¬ hn-i-Zo-I-c-Ww A-[n-Ir-Xcn¬ \n-∂v B-h-iy-s∏-´-Xm-bn bp.F-kn-se C¥y≥ Fw-_-kn A-dn-bn-®p.

bp-h-Xn Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

Ip-º-f: bp-h-Xn-sb `¿-Xr-ho-´n-se In-S-∏p-ap-dn-bn¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. Ip-º-f _m-bn-°´-bn-se _m-e-Ir-jv-W sj-´n-˛-tam-ln-\n Z-º-Xn-I-fpsS a-I-fpw Iq-Uv-ep-hn-se {]-km-Zn-s‚ `m-cy-bp-am-b sI {]-Xn-`(26)-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn F-´-c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. H-cp h¿-jw ap-ºm-Wv Ch-cp-sS hn-hm-lw. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: {]-Pz¬, Ku-co-jv.

]m-¼p-I-Sn-tb-äv a-cn-¨p

D-∏-f: ss]-h-fn-sK Ip-cp-U-]-Zm-hv Im-¥n-e-bn-se Dkv-am-s‚ `m-cy dp-Jn-b (35) ]m-ºp-I-Sn-tb-‰v a-cn-®p. ho-´n-\-Sp-Ø ]-d-ºn¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂-Xn-\n-sS ]mºp-I-Sn-tb-‰ C-h-sc aw-K-em-]p-cw B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. a-°ƒ: C-kv-am-Cu¬, apssk-_, ap-_-jn-d.

ss_-¡pw tem-dn-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v ss_-¡v bm-{X-n-I³ a-cn-¨p

h-S-°-t©-cn: ss_-°pw tem-dn-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v ss_-°v bm-{X-°m-c-\m-b bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. Iq-sS k©-cn-® kp-lr-Øn-\v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. ]-¥emw-]m-Sw t]m-Øp-Nm-Sn Ip-∂p-∏p-d-Øv _m-_p-hns‚ a-I≥ hn-]n-\m-Wv (19) a-cn-®-Xv. ]-cn-t°-‰ ]-cphm-t»-cn N-√n-∏-d-ºv kz-tZ-in a-\p(20)hn-s\ Xr-iq-cnse kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. hn-]ns‚ B-{K-l-{]-Im-cw I-Æp-Iƒ Zm-\w sN-bv-Xp. hym-gm-gv-N ssh-Io-´v G-tgm-sS tZ-io-b-]m-X ]-¥emw-]m-S-Øm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Xr-iq¿ `m-K-Øp-\n∂p ]m-e-°m-Sv `m-K-tØ-°p t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Nc-°p-tem-dn-bm-Wv ss_-°n-en-Sn-®-Xv. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ hn-]n-s\ Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw cm-{Xn H-º-tXm-sS a-cn-®p. tem-dn- ss{U-h-sdt]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øp.

F-en-hn-jw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v aq-¶p -h-b-Êp-Im-c³ a-cn-¨p I¬-∏-‰: F-en-\-io-I-c-W-Øn-\m-bn ]-©m-bØv hn-X-c-Ww sN-bv-X F-en-hn-jw D-≈n¬-s®∂v aq-∂p -h-b- p-Im-c≥ a-cn-®p. ]-Sn-™m-d-Ø-d ]-©m-b-Øv H-º-Xmw hm¿-Un-se Xn-cp-aw-K-ew B-Zn-hm-kn tIm-f-\n-bn-se tKm-]m-e≥-˛-cm-[ Zº-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ I-Æ-\m-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. _p-[-\mgv-N ssh-Io-´v ]-e-lm-c-sa-∂p I-cp-Xn F-en-hn-jw I-gn-® Ip-´n-sb A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw ]n-t‰-∂p a-cn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p. F-en-\-io-I-c-W-Øn-\v h-b-\m-´n¬ B-tcmKy-h-Ip-∏n-s‚-bpw ]-©m-b-Øn-s‚-bpw k-l-I-cW-tØm-sS hn-X-c-Ww-sN-bv-X F-en-hn-jw D-{Kti-jn-bp-≈ tdm-tUm-t^m F-∂ cm-k-kw-bp‡-am-sW-∂p ]-cm-Xn D-b¿-∂n-cp-∂p. tI-c-f tÉv sh-b¿-lu-kn-Mv tIm¿-]-td-j-\m-Wv Cu kwbp-‡w X-øm-dm-°n-b-Xv. tem-Im-tcm-Ky kw-L-S\ tdm-tUm-t^m kw-bp-‡-sØ A-Xy-]-I-S-I-cam-b H-∂v-˛-F hn-`m-K-Øn¬ Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p≈-Xm-Wv. A-b¬-°q-´-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv F-en-hnjw ho-Sp-I-fn¬ F-Øn-®-Xv. A-tX-k-a-bw, I-S-bn¬\n-∂p hm-ßn-b F-enhn-j-am-Wv Ip-™n-s‚ a-c-W-Øn-\v Im-c-W-am-bsX-∂p ]-©m-b-Ø-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-d-™p. F-∂m¬ {]-tZ-i-hm-kn-Iƒ C-Xp \n-tj-[n-®p. I-Æ-s‚ ktlm-Z-c≥: tKm-Ip-¬.

_mw-¥qÀ Iq-«-_-em-Âkw-Kw: X-sâ `m-cy-bp-sS a-c-W-¯n-\p Im-c-W-¡mÀ Im-gv-N \-ã-s¸-« kw-`-hw: Bdp t]À-¡v Po-h-]-cy-´w K-tW-jv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-¸-\p-sa-¶v _n-Pp tUm-ÎÀ-s¡-Xn-tc tI-kv _mw-•q¿: _mw-•q¿ k¿-h-I-emim-e-bp-sS ⁄m-\-`m-c-Xn Im-w]-kn¬ \n-b-a hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-sb Iq-´-_-em-¬-kw-Kw sN-bv-X tIkn¬ B-dp-t]-sc Po-h-]-cy-¥w X-S-hn-\p in-£n-®p. cm-a-\-K-c Pn-√ ssI-em-© tlm-_-fnbn¬ in-h-Æ (20), sb-fø -- (23), Cu-c-ø (20), sZm-Õ Cu-c-ø (19), a-±q-c (20), cm-ap (21) F-∂nh-sc-bm-Wv kn-‰n A-Xn-th-K tIm-S-Xn P-Uv-Pn sI _n kw-K∂m-\-h¿ in-£n-®-Xv. G-gmw {]Xn cm-P H-fn-hn-em-Wv. F-´mw {]Xn-°v {]m-b-]q¿-Øn-bm-Im-ØXn-\m¬ _mw-•q-cn-se Pp-hss\¬ tIm-S-Xn-bn-em-Wv hn-Nmc-W \-S-°p-∂-Xv. 2012 H-tŒm-_¿ 19\m-bn-cp-

∂p tI-kn-\m-kv-]-Z-am-b kw-`hw. \m-j-\¬ tem kv-Iqƒ Hm^v C-¥y bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n-bn-se (F≥.F¬.F-kv.sF.bp.) t\∏m-fn hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-Wv Iq-´]oU\-Øn-\n-c-bm-b-Xv. k-l-]mTn-sb a¿-±n-®v A-hi-\m-°n-b ti-j-am-bn-cp-∂p F´p t]-c-S-ßp-∂ kw-Lw s]¨Ip-´nsb ]o-Un-∏n-®Xv. C-cp-h-cpsS-bpw sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wpw ]-gv-kpw {]-Xn-Iƒ I-h-cp-Ibpw sN-bvXp. H-cm-gv-N-bv-°v ti-jw A-{I-an-I-sf t]m-en-kv ]n-Sn-IqSn-. kw-`-h-Øn-\v ti-jw ]T-\w a-Xn-bm-°n hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n t\-∏mfn-te-°v a-S-ßn-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw c-≠p-X-h-W hn-Nm-c-W-°v lmP-cm-bn.

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: X-s‚ `m-cy-bpsS a-c-W-Øn-\p Im-c-W-°m¿ K-tW-jv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-∏-\p-sa∂v _n-Pp cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥. Xncp-h-√ tIm-bn-∏p-d-sØ hy‡nbpsS ]-°¬-\n-∂v 60 e-£w cq] hm-ßn-b tI-kn¬ C-∂-se ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P-cm-°n-b-t∏mƒ am-[y-a-{]h¿-Ø-I¿-°v _n-Pp cm-[m-Irjv-W≥ \¬Inb IØn-emWv Cu ]cm-a¿iw. `m-cy c-iv-an-sb Xm≥ sIm-∂n-´n-√ F-∂-Xv F∂m-bm-epw ]p-d-Øp-hcpsa∂pw c-iv-an-bp-sS a-c-WØn-\v Im-c-W-°m-c≥ K-tWjv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-∏-\p-amsW∂pw IØn¬ ]d-bp∂p. ]-cm-a¿-iw C-ß-s\: ""F-

s∂ kv-t\-ln-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cnem-Wv im-ep-ta-t\m-\v C-{Xsbm-s° k-ln-t°-≠n-h-∂Xv. `m-cy c-iv-an I-gn-™m¬ Fs∂ C-{X-bpw kv-t\-ln-®-Xpw a-\- n-em-°n-b-Xpw im-ep am{X-am-Wv. B-cv ssI-hn-´m-epw A-hƒ F-s∂ ssI-hn-Sn-√ F∂p-d-∏m-Wv. A-h-fp-sS A-Ωbn¬ \n-∂v 20 e-£w hm-ßn-bXv t\-cm-Wv. ]-t£ F-s‚ _nkn-\- n-s\-°p-dn-t®m km-ºØn-I C-S-]m-Sp-I-sf-°p-dn-t®m im-ep-hn-\-dn-bn-√. Xn-I-®pw \nc-]-cm-[n-bm-b A-h-sf tIkn¬ \n-∂v H-gn-hm-°m≥ Rm≥ 164 ap-Jm-¥-cw tIm-S-Xntbm-Sv B-h-iy-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v (F-√mhn-[ sX-fn-hp-I-fpw k-

ln-Xw). Z-b-hp-sN-bv-Xv A-h-fpsS \n-c-]-cm-[n-Xzw a-\- n-em°-Ww. ]n.kn tPm¿-Pn-s\-bpw sh-≈m-∏-≈n-sb-bpw sI ap-cfo-[-c-s\-bpw Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xn-\p-ap-ºv H-∂m-tem-Nn-°pI. C-h¿-s°-Xn-tc am-\-\-jv-Sw sIm-Sp-°p-tºmƒ kw-km-cn°p-∂ sX-fn-hp-Iƒ F-s∂-¶nepw a-d-\o-°n ]p-d-Øp-h-cpw. F-s‚ A-Ω Cu tI-kp-I-fnse-√mw \n-c-]-cm-[n-bm-Wv''. F∂nßs\bm-Wv I-Ønep≈-Xv. im-ep-ta-t\m-s\ tI-kn¬ \n-∂p c-£n-°m\pw `m-cy c-ivan-sb sIm-∂n-´n-s√-∂p ÿm]n-°m-\p-amWv IØn-eqsS {ia-sa∂v Icp-Xp-∂p.

Ip-∂w-Ip-fw: Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ Xn-an-c i-kv-{X-{In-b°p hn-t[-b-cm-b-h¿-°v Im-gv-N \-„-s∏-´ kw-`-h-Øn¬ tUmŒ¿-s°-Xn-tc Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]men-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp. Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se t\-{X-tcm-K hn-`m-K-Øn-se tUm. sI B¿ {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am-dn-s\-Xn-tc-bm-Wv tI-sk-Sp-Ø-Xv. s]m-Xp-{]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-b ]n Un tPm-k-^v Ip-∂w-Ip-fw a-Pnkv-t{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ k-a¿-∏n® l¿-Pn ]-cn-K-Wn-®v tUm-Œ¿s°-Xn-tc tI-sk-Sp-°m≥ D-Øc-hv \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂m-Wv t]m-en-kv \-S-]-Sn. Pq-sse 22\pw B-K-kv-Xv

12\pw Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ Xn-an-c i-kv-{X-{In-b \-SØn-b F-´p-t]-cp-sS Im-gv-N-bmWv \-„-s∏-´-Xv. Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ ]-¥m-bn¬ hnP-b-e-£v-an, ]-g-™n A-bn∂q¿ ]p-Xp-cp-Øn _m-e≥, Cøm¬ h-Sn-\n-]-d-ºn¬ Ip-´-∏≥, B¿-Øm-‰v kz-tZ-in cm-P≥, Nq≠¬ sh-¶-f-Øv X-¶, Nn-‰™q¿ hn-im-ew, In-gq¿ kz-tZin c-hn, Xn-∏n-e-t»-cn ]p-Xp-ho´n¬ tam-fp F-∂n-h-cp-sS Im-gv-Nbm-Wv \-„-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v k-kv-s]≥-j-\n-em-b tUm-Œ¿-s°-Xn-tc a-\p-jym-hIm-i I-Ωo-j-\pw tI-sk-SpØn-cp-∂p.

ss_-¡v t]m-kv-än-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p X-e-t»-cn: ss_-°v ssh-Zyp-Xnt]m-kv-‰n-en-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. ]m-e-bm-Sv C≥-U-kv-{Sn-b¬ FtÃ-‰n-\-Sp-Øv sN-º-≈n ho-´n¬ I- c p- W m- I - c s‚ a-I≥ dntP-jv (20) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. hym-gm-gv-N A¿- [ - c m- { Xntbm-sS [¿-aSw sh-s≈m-gp-°n-em-Wv A-]-IS-w. ho-´n-te-°p-t]m-I-sh t]mkv-‰n-en-Sn-®p sX-dn-®p-ho-Wv At_m-[m-h-ÿ-bn-em-b dntPjns\ \m-´p-Im¿ B-ip-]-{Xn-bnse-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\mbn-√. am-Xm-hv: Im¿-Øn-I. ktlm-Z-cn: hn≥-j.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

\qÀ- ap-l-½-Zv

Pn-½n

ap-\o-d

B-eØ - q¿: h-lo-Z sse‰v B‚ v ku-≠v D-Sa - Imh-t»-cn Np-≠° - m-Sv dlvam-\n-bm a-kvP - n-Zn-\p k-ao-]w \q¿- ap-lΩ - Z- v (72). Hmƒ tI-cf - h-b¿sa≥ A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥ ÿm-]I - t\-Xm-hm-Wv. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b ]mØpap-Øv. a-°ƒ: kpsse-am≥, dp-Jn-b, j°o-\, h-lo-Z, k-eo-e. acp-a° - ƒ: d-“Ø - v, A-enap-Øv, kp-sse-am-≥, \q¿ap-lΩ - Z- v, Jm-Z¿-Jm≥.

cm-P-]p-cw: Np-≈n-°-c-bnse aq-cn-°p-t∂¬ Pn-Ωn F-∂ Nm-t°m (62). `m-cy: kq-k-Ω (Ip-t∂¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw). a-°ƒ: lWn-tamƒ (e-≠≥), tkmWn-b (\-gv-kv, k-Rv-Po-h\n tlm-kv-]n-‰¬˛ am-hp¶m¬), \n-Xn≥ (F≥-Pn\o-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn, aw-Kem-]p-cw). a-cp-a-°ƒ: t__n Iq-¥-a-‰w (e-≠≥), Sn-tPm C-´n-πm-°¬. ktlm-Z-c-߃: kv-‰o-^≥, tPm-k-^v, ]-tc-X-cm-b ssk-a¨, tXm-a-kv. kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 10.30\v Np-≈n-°-c sk-‚ ta-co-kv tZ-hm-e-b-Øn-¬.

I-Æq¿-kn-‰n: tIm-´-°mbn-bn-se s\-cn-bm-¶-≠n ap-\o-d (32). `¿-Øm-hv: tIm-b-º-Øq-cn-se hn°n ^q-´v-th¿ D-S-a- th-en°-e-I-Øv kn-±o-Jv. ]nXm-hv: _n sam-bv-Xp-. a°ƒ: jm-\n-b, k-^o-Z. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \n-bmkv, d-Cu-kv (Zp-_-bv). J_-d-S-°w C-∂p- cm-hn-se 10\v kn-‰n Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

A-ºm-kv lm-Pn a-t©-iz-cw: Un.-kn.-kn Aw-Kh - pw aw-Ke - m-]p-csØ A-S° - hym-]m-cnbp-am-b D-tZym-h¿ sP.Fw tdm-Un-se s_-fnbm¿ A-∫m-kv lm-Pn (75). a-t©-iz-cw t]mtØm-´ B-tLm-j°Ωn-‰n ssh-kv {]-knU‚m-bpw {]-h¿-Øn-®ncp-∂p. `m-cy: \-_o-k. a°ƒ: B-kyp-Ω, _o-^mØn-a, d-lva - Ø - v, C-Jv_m¬, ssd-lm-\.

ImÀ-Xym-b-\n C-cn-´n: ap-g-°p-∂v ap-St°m-gn kv-Iq-fn-\-p k-ao]w ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm-]m-es‚ `m-cy Xm-fn Im-¿-Xymb-\n (78). a-°ƒ: ap-Ipμ≥, _n-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: iym-a-f, i-_v-\. k-tlm-Zc-߃: c-Lp, `-hm-\n, kpio-e, ]-tc-X-cm-b hm-kp, cm-P≥.

Fw Un \m-bÀ

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: s]m-bn\m-®n Su-Wn-se jm-enam¿ {Sm-h¬-kv D-S-a ]-dºv {io-Ir-jv-W-bn-se Fw Un \m-b¿ F-∂ Fw Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b¿ (65). t\-c-sØ aw-K-em]p-c-Øpw sN-ss∂-bnepw {Sm-h¬ G-P≥-kn \-S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: C-S-bn-eyw im-c-Z. a-I≥: {io-cm-Pv _m-_p. ktlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-™n°-Æ≥ \m-b¿, Kw-Km-[_m-e-N-{µ³ c≥ \m-b¿, \m-cm-b-Wn, B-e-Øq¿: ta-em¿-tIm- Im¿-Xym-b-\n. Sv sN-dp-h-©n-]-d-ºv hos]m-¡³ ´n¬ th-em-bp-[-s‚ aIp-‰ym-Sn: h-f-b-∂q-cnI≥ _m-e-N-{μ≥ (57). Nn-‰q¿ _n.F-kv.F≥.F- epw k-ao-]-{]-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-bn-cp- epw I¿-j-I kw-Lw sI-´n-∏-Sp-°m≥ {]-h¿∂p. `m-cy: tZ-hn. am-XmØn-® C-√-Ø-d-I-≠n hv: ]m-dp. a-°ƒ: kp-[, kq-c-Pv. k-tlm-Z-cn: im- s]m-°≥ (85). `m-cy: ]tc-X-bm-b \-Sp-hn-se F¥-Ip-am-cn (B-e-Øq¿ tIm-˛Hm-]-td-‰o-hv k¿-ho- S-Øpw-th-en-°m-Øv Pm\p. a-°ƒ: _m-e≥ kv k-l-I-c-W _m-¶v, ta-em¿-tIm-Sv {_m-©v am- (tIm-b-º-Øq¿), Nt\-P¿). kw-kv-Im-cw C- {μ≥ (ssa-\n-Mv B‚ v ∂v ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v ho- Pn-tbm-f-Pn, a-t©-cn), _m-_p, hn-a-e, ssi-e. ´p-h-f-∏n¬.

7 k]vXw-_¿ 2013 i\n

ss_-¡pw tem-dn-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v ss_-¡v bm-{X-n-I³ a-cn-¨p

`m-kv-I-c³

k-a-Zv ]-S-¶

a-dn-bm-½

th-Wp-tKm-]m-e³ \m-bÀ

]-\-bm¬: _-´-Øq¿ tZ-h≥ s]m-Sn-®-]m-d-bnse _n hn `m-kv-I-c≥ (69). ]-≈n-°-c k-l-Ic-W kv-t‰m-dn-se dn-´. Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-Wv. kn.]n.-Fw _-´-Øq¿ {_m©w-Kw, kn.]n.Fw Ahn-`-‡ ]-≈n-°-c tem°¬ I-Ωn-‰n- Aw-Kw, sN-¶-f tem-°¬ I-Ωn‰n- Aw-Kw, _w-Km-Sv {_m©v sk-{I-´-dn, sI.-Fkv.-sI.-Sn.-bp Im-™ßm-Sv tªm-°v tPmbn‚ v sk-{I-´-dn, hn-t√Pv {]-kn-U-‚ v, D-Zp-a tªm-°v I-Ωn-‰n- Aw-Kw Xp-S-ßn-b \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®p. `m-cy: `m¿K-hn. a-°ƒ: {io-hn-Zy, {io-\n¬-Ip-am¿, {io-PnØv-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]-Zo-]v, ]p-jv-]-e-X.

]-S-∂: bp.-F.-C {]n-bZ¿-in-\n ÿm-]-I {]h¿-Ø-I≥ ]-S-∂-bnse Sn sI A-–p¬ ka-Zv lm-Pn F-∂ k-a-Zv ]-S-∂ (62). bp.-F.-C ]-S-∂ Jn-Zv-aØv {]-kn-U‚ v, sk{I-´-dn, ap-w-ss_-˛-]-S∂ ap-kvenw P-am-AØv Aw-Kw, sI-k-^v ÿm-]-Imw-Kw, A¬A-ao≥ ÿm-]Imw-Kw Xp-S-ßn-b \n-eI-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp∂p. {]-hm-kn Iq-´m-bva-bn-eq-sS 1976¬ B-Zyam-bn ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b X-cw-Kv {]-kn-≤o-I-c-WØn-s‚ F-Un-‰dmbn-cp∂p. `m-cy: a-dn-bw. a-°ƒ a¿-hm≥, tUm. C-{am≥ (C-cp-h-cpw Zp-_-bv), kao-l, Pu-l¿ (hn-Zym¿Yn-Iƒ). a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-a-ø (am-Wn-bm-´v), Sn ]n Xm-Pp-±o≥ (Zp-_bv), tUm: ap-_o-\. ktlm-Z-c≥ C-kv-lm-Jv lm-Pn.

cm-P-]p-cw: I-cn-th-S-IsØ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]pØ≥]p-c-bv-°¬ tZ-hky-bp-sS `m-cy a-dn-bm-Ω (85). a-°ƒ: t{X-kym-Ω, t_-_n, tam-fn (A-[ym]n-I, sk‚ v ta-co-kv F¬.-]n kv-Iqƒ˛ ta-cn]p-cw), hn≥-k‚ v (kuZn). a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]m-∏-®≥, sU-bv-kn, am-Xyp, an-\n (sIm¬-°-Ø), P-b (ku-Zn).

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: ap-≠-°≠-sØ kn sI th-WptKm-]m-e≥ \m-b¿ (72). `m-cy: \-fn-\n. a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬Ip-am¿ (k¿°nƒ C≥-kv-s]-Œ¿, Imk¿-tIm-Uv), A-\n¬ (A-_q-Z-_n, dn-Kv D-tZymK-ÿ≥), an-\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: \o-Xm-dm-Wn (tImf-Pv e-Iv-N-d¿), cq-], cmPo-h≥ (]-cn-bm-cw saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pv). ktlm-Z-c-߃: tKm-]n-\mY≥ \m-b¿, i-in-[-c≥ \m-b¿, _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b¿, tKm-hn-μ≥ \mb¿, \m-cm-b-W≥ \mb¿ (C-cp-h-cpw sNss∂), k-c-kz-Xn, ]-tcX-\m-b cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b¿. -

ap-l-½-Zv h-S-I-c: hn-eym-∏-≈n tNcn-s∏m-bn¬ B-e-bm-´v aoج ap-l-Ω-Zv (70). `mcy: A-eo-a. a-°ƒ: a-PoZv, kp-ss_¿, A-jv-d-^v, ^u-kn-b, ap-\o¿.

tam-l-\³ ]-ø-∂q¿: ]-ø-∂q¿ tImf-Pv dn-´. {]-^. I-t≠msØ sI hn tam-l-\≥ (66). Xm-h-sØ ]-tc-Xcm-b Sn Ip-™n-Ir-jvW≥ \m-b-cp-sS-bpw sI hn \m-cm-b-Wn A-Ω-bpsS-bpw a-I-\m-Wv. `m-cy: Fw Fw kp-tem-N-\. a°ƒ: ao-c (A-[ym-]n-I-), kq-cy. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-tPjv, a-t\m-l-c≥ (Zp-_bv). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tcmln-Wn, a-√n-I, k-Xy-`ma, \-μ-\≥, I-cp-Wm-Ic≥, c-Lp-\m-Yv, a-Wn.

A-½pA-½ \-Sp-h-Æq¿: aq-em-Sv \n-ch-Øv A-ΩpA-Ω (91). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-cm-b-W≥ In-Sm-hv. aIƒ: Pm-\-In A-Ω. ktlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-™n-cma≥ \m-b¿, \m-Wn A-Ω, Hm-a-\b-Ω.

h-S-°-t©-cn: ss_-°pw tem-dn-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v ss_-°v bm-{X-°m-c-\m-b bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. Iq-sS k©-cn-® kp-lr-Øn-\v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. ]-¥emw-]m-Sw t]m-Øp-Nm-Sn Ip-∂p-∏p-d-Øv _m-_p-hns‚ a-I≥ hn-]n-\m-Wv (19) a-cn-®-Xv. ]-cn-t°-‰ ]-cphm-t»-cn N-√n-∏-d-ºv kz-tZ-in a-\p(20)hn-s\ Xr-iq-cnse kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. hn-]ns‚ B-{K-l-{]-Im-cw I-Æp-Iƒ Zm-\w sN-bv-Xp. hym-gm-gv-N ssh-Io-´v G-tgm-sS tZ-io-b-]m-X ]-¥emw-]m-S-Øm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Xr-iq¿ `m-K-Øp-\n∂p ]m-e-°m-Sv `m-K-tØ-°p t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Nc-°p-tem-dn-bm-Wv ss_-°n-en-Sn-®-Xv. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ hn-]n-s\ Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw cm-{Xn H-º-tXm-sS a-cn-®p. tem-dn- ss{U-h-sd h-S-°-t©-cn t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Unbn-se-Sp-Øp. ar-X-tZ-lw Xr-iq¿ sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fPn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn-b ti-jw kw-kv-I-cn®p. Im-Sp-sh-´v sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-Wv hn-]n≥. am-Xm-hv: hn-im-ew. k-tlm-Z-cn: {ip-Xn.

ss_-¡v t]m-kv-än-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

X-e-t»-cn: ss_-°v sshZyp-Xn-t]m-kv-‰n-en-Sn-®v bphm-hv a-cn-®p. ]m-e-bm-Sv C≥-U-kv-{Sn-b¬ F-tÃ-‰n\-Sp-Øv sN-º-≈n ho-´n¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c-s‚ a-I≥ dntP-jv (20) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. hym-gm-gv-N A¿-[-cm-{Xntbm-sS [¿-a-Sw sh-s≈mgp-°n-em-Wv A-]-I-S-w. ho´n-te-°p-t]m-I-sh t]m-kv-‰n-en-Sn-®p sX-dn-®p-ho-Wv A-t_m-[m-h-ÿ-bn-em-b dntPjn-s\ \m-´p-Im¿ Bip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. C-eIv-{Sn-°¬ h-b¿-sa≥ tPm-en sN-bv-Xp-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. am-Xm-hv: Im¿-Øn-I. k-tlm-Z-cn: hn≥-j.

hn-ZymÀ-Yn Ip-f-¯n ap-§n-a-cn-¨p

C-µn-c

\m-cm-b-W³

am-Wn-¡w

k-Pn-X

`m-c-Xn

tc-h-Xn tj-Wm-bn

ssa-ap

I-Zo-i

Nn-‰q¿: a-e-bm-º-≈w A-º-Øn-ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b s]m-∂-s‚ a-Iƒ C-μn-c (50). a-I≥: cm-tPjv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Bdp-®m-an, s]m-∂p-a-Wn, sN-¥m-a-c, _m-e≥.

s]-cn-tßmw: th-´-s°mcpa-I≥ t£-{X-Øn-\p k-ao-]-w In-g-s°ho-´n¬ \m-cm-b-W≥ (70). `m-cy: h-b¬ho-´n¬ X-ºm-bn. a°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, k-Pn, k-ao¨, k-\o-jv. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]p-jv-], kn-\n, kuay.

s]-cn-tßmw: kzm-X{¥yk-ac - tk-\m-\n-bmbn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X\ - m-b aT-bº-Øv cm-as - ‚ `m-cy ]m-Sntbm-´p-Nm¬ ]-´p-hs - Ø I-∏W - ° - m¬ am-Wn-°w (88). a-°ƒ: Ir-jvW - ≥, Im¿-Xym-b\ - n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: e-£va - n, ]-tc-X\ - m-b Ip™n-cm-a≥.

Nn-‰q¿: sIm-gn-™m-ºmd I-cp-h-∏m-d ]-g-\n-bm¿]m-f-bw kp-[o-dn-s‚ `mcy k-Pn-X (25). ]n-Xm-hv: Ir-jv-W≥. am-Xm-hv: kXy-`m-a. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: k-Pn-Øv, k-c-Wy.

X-e-t»-cn: am-S-∏o-Sn-I ku-Øv h-b-e-fw bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w A-\p]-a-bn¬ Fw sI `m-c-Xn (81). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b Fw cm-L-h≥. a°ƒ: h-k-¥cm-Pv, kptem-N-\, ssj-\, jm-Pn, jn-Pn-Øv em¬ (a-kv-°Øv), im-en-\n, ]-tc-X-bmb _o-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n¿a-e, {]-`m-I-c≥, \n-j, _n-μp, c-ta-iv _m-_p, ]tc-X-\m-b cm-P≥.

h-S-I-c: Xm-sg-A-ßm-Sn Np-≠n¬ ssa-ap (55). `¿Øm-hv: Np-≠n¬ l-k≥. a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp-∂m-k¿, A-–p-¬ a-\m-^v (Zp-_bv), am-ln-e, A-kvew, Xkveo-\, lm-^n-kv. a-cp-a°ƒ: \-ko¿ a-Wn-bq¿, _-Z-dp-∂n-k, d-kn-b Xnt°m-Sn, ^m-kn-e, ]-tcX-\m-b K-^q¿ h-≈n-°mSv.

h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ ao-Ø-se X-øp-≈-Xn¬ I-Zo-i (82). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Xøp-≈-Xn¬ Ip-™-–p-√ ap-kveym¿. a-°ƒ: Ip™-Ω-Zv lm-Pn, A-ssk\m¿, bq-k-^v, I-cow, ]mØp, B-bn-i, kp-sseJ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-_o-k, A-Ω-Xv, A-_v-Zp-¿-dlvam≥, sam-bv-Xo≥, Aeo-a, km-d, ^u-kn-b. ktlm-Z-c-߃: sam-bv-Xp lm-Pn, A-ssk-\m¿ lmPn, Ip-™-–p-√ lm-Pn.

I-°-´n¬: ]m-Xn-cn-∏-‰ Aßm-Sn-bn-se hym-]m-cnbpw ]-tc-X-\m-b A-cn-∏qf ]-d-º-Øv A-–p-√-bpsS a-I-\p-am-b ]-Sn-™msd ]m-d-s∏m-bn-en¬ ]-cybn lm-Pn (62). am-Xm-hv: adn-bw. `m-cy: B-ky l÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: ko-\-Øv. a-cp-a-I≥: a-tSm-sºm-bn¬ A-iv-d-^v hm-Wn-ta¬ ({Ik‚ v ssl-kv-Iqƒ A[ym-]-I≥). k-tlm-Z-c߃: F ]n A-Ω-Xv, s\√ym-ºp-d-Øv J-Zo-P, ]mØp Im-b-s°m-Sn, Ip™m-an.

]-ø-∂q¿: I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãv I¿-j-I {]-ÿm-\-Øns‚ t\-Xm-hpw ap≥ Fw.F¬.F-bp-am-b F≥ kp-{_-lva-Wy tj-Wm-bn-bp-sS `m-cy tc-h-Xn tj-Wm-bn (82). a-°ƒ: tPym-Xn (ap≥ ]ø-∂q¿ \-K-c-k-`m sNb¿-t]-gv-k¨), Ip-kpaw, \m-cm-b-W≥ (t]mkv-‰v-am-kv-‰¿, ]-≈n-°p∂v), A-Pn-Øv, A-cp-W, tim-`, ho-W (A-[ym-]nI, tIm-tdmw tZ-ho-klm-bw bp.]n kv-Iqƒ), A-tim-I≥ (tj-Wm-bn t_-°-d-n, ]-ø-∂q¿). acp-a-°ƒ: \-ho≥ Ip-am¿ (dn-´. am-t\-P¿, _m-¶v Hm-^v _-tdm-U), A-Uz-. P-K-Xm _m-bv, Ko-X, kptc-jv (sI¬-t{Sm¨, Ip‰n-∏p-dw), ap-c-fo-[-c dmhp, X-ºm≥ (s^-U-d¬ _m-¶v), Ko-X, ]-tc-X-\mb h-Æm-Sn¬ \m-cm-bW≥. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v ]-ø∂q¿ am-hn-t®-cn iv-a-im\-Øn¬.

Hm-a-t»-cn: th-fw-tIm-Sv Cu-¥-√mw-Ip-gn-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]-t{Xm-kn-s‚ `m-cy B-\-°p-gn-bn¬ Gen-bm-Ω (82). a-°ƒ: t_-_n, ^m. kv-I-dn-b, ]u-tem-kv, G-en-bm-kv, Hm-a-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: eo-e, ta-cn, km-dm-Ω, B-en-kv, tPm¿-Pv.

h-fm-t©-cn: ap-°n-e∏oSn-I-bn-se ]-cp-Øn-°mem-bn¬ Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv (_m-h˛75). `m-cy: \-_ok. a-°ƒ: B-bn-i, iwkp-±o≥ (_-lvdbv≥), dwe, k-eo-\, _p-jv-d, A–p¬- k-emw, P-ko-\. acp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp-´n, Xmln-d, tIm-b, C-kv-amCu¬, k-do-\, A-Iv-_¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b _o-cm≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-e-hn, _o-°p-´n, C-øm-Øp-Ωp, ]-tc-X-cm-b Ip-™m-e≥, ]m-Øp-Ωp.

Ir-jv-W-hm-cyÀ N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: dn-´. s]mXp-a-cm-a-Øv F≥-Pn-\ob¿ aq-°p-X-e hr-μm-h\-Øn¬ ]-\-ßm-´n-cn hm-cy-Øv Ir-jv-W-hmcy¿ (84). aq-°p-X-e t£-{X-]-cn-]m-e-\ k-anXn {]-kn-U‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn-\n hm-ckym¿. a-°ƒ: k-Xo-jvIp-am¿, kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, Ir-jv-W-Ip-am¿ (A-tacn-°). a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b, kp-io-e, \m-\ (A-ta-cn°).

A-l-½-Zv am-hq¿: ]-≈n-tbmƒ Im-™n-c-sØm-Sn A-lΩ-Zv (67). ap≥ {Km-knw ss^-_¿ Un-hn-j≥ Poh-\-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ^m-Xzn-a.

_o-¡p-«n I¬-∏I - t- ©-cn: s]m-∑p≠w ho-cm-t»-cn-∏S- n-bn-se ]p-Xp-°p-Sn ssk-Xm-en°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy _o-°p´n (63). a-°ƒ: ap-lΩ - Z- v, Zm-hq-Zv, kp-sse-am≥, bqkp-^v, ^m-Øn-a, ssk-\_, kp-sse-J. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ap-lΩ - Z- vI - p-´n, b-AvJ - q-_v, \m-k¿, dw-e, kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-i, \-^o-k.

_n-¿¡ - p-«n

I¬-∏I - t- ©-cn: ]-dh - ∂q¿ sh-Ãn-se ]-tc-X\ - mb a-tø-cn ap-bX v- o≥-Ip-´n-bpsS `m-cy sIm-√Ø - v _n-ø°p-´n (84). a-°ƒ: Ip-™nsam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n (dn-´. {]-^k¿.-Sn.-Fw.-Pn.-tIm-fP - v Xncq¿), Ip-™l - Ω - Z- ,v- A-_vZp¬ e-Øo-^v,- A-_Zv- p¬hm-ln-Zv, A-_Zv- p¬ ip°q¿, D-Ωm-®p, Ip-™o-a, ^m-Øn-a, A-aØ - p-di - o-Zv,am-[-hn J-Zo-P. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ssi-JvsIm-bn-em-≠n: hn-øq¿ A-_Zv- p-√ sX-øº - m-´n¬, ]A-tcm-Øv-Xm-g am-[-hn - m-b I - p-™Ω - p, A-Sn(74). `-¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m- tc-X\ bm-´n¬ ap-lΩ - Z- v _m-h, Sn.b D-Æ-c. sI.-ap-la - a - Z- v _-jo¿, dn-´. a-°ƒ: Pm-\-In, I-a-e, _m-_p, k-Po-h≥. a-cp-a- F-©n-\o-b¿ Ip-™m-en °ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b `m-kv-I- Ip-gn-∏p-dw,- dp-Jn-b,- k-^n- v,- J-ac≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm-]m- b, k-^n-b,-ko-\Ø dp-∂o-k. e≥, tl-a-e-X, Pn-j.

Ip-ª-½-Zv t]-cm-{º: Cu-Ãv t]-cm{º-bn-se sX-s°-]-dºn¬ Ip-™-Ω-Zv (38). Iq-Øm-fn k¿-ho-kv kl-I-c-W _m-¶v ssh-kv{]-kn-U‚ v, Iq-Øm-fn ]-©m-b-Øv ap-kv-enweo-Kv J-Pm-©n, ]-©mb-Øv hn-I-k-\ k-an-Xn Aw-Kw, Iq-Øm-fn lb¿-sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iqƒ ]n.-Sn.-F. ssh-kv {]kn-U‚ v, am-Wn-t°mØv ]m-S-ti-J-c k-an-Xn J-Pm-©n F-∂o \n-e-Ifn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®p-h-cn-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: sse-e. a-°ƒ: Pko-e, P-kv-an-\, \-Pm ^m-Øn-a. k-tlm-Z-c߃: d-jo-Zv, kn-dm-Pv, ^u-kn-b. -

]-cy-bn- lm-Pn

B-an-\-¡p-«n sIm-Sp-h-≈n: ]-\-t°m-Sv ta-te h-Sp-h≥-I-≠nbn¬ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n lmPn-bp-sS `m-cy B-an-\°p-´n(69). a-°ƒ: A–p¿-d-lvam≥, I-cow. a-cpa-Iƒ: jm-°n-d.

G-en-bm-½

Ip-ªn-ap-l-½-Zv

bp.F-kn c-−v C-´y-¡mÀ sh-Sn-tb-äv a-cn-¨p

hm-jn-Mv-S¨: A-ta-cn-°-bn¬ ap-Jw-aq-Sn- [-cn-s®Øn-b kw-Lw c-≠v C-¥y-°m-sc sh-Sn-h-®psIm∂p. ]-©m-_v kz-tZ-in-I-fm-b P-Kv-X¿ `m-´n (55), ]-h≥ kn-Mv (22) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. D-Øc C-¥ym-\-bn¬ an-Un¬-_-dn kv-{So-‰n-se hym-]m-cÿm-]-\-em-Wv kw-`-hw. \-K-c-Øn¬ t{Km- -dn°S \-S-Øp-∂ C-h-cp-sS ÿm-]-\-Øn-¬ I-h¿-® \S-Øm-s\-Øn-b kw-L-sØ X-S-™-t∏m-gm-Wv sh-Sn-h-bv-]p-≠m-b-sX-∂m-Wv dn-t]m¿-´v. P-e-‘¿ kn-‰n-bn-se {]o-Xv\-K-dn¬ \n-∂p-≈h-cm-Wv acn-®-sX∂v ]-©m-_v am-[y-a-߃ dnt]m¿-´v- sN-bv-Xp. kw-`-h-Øn¬ A-t\z-j-Ww Xp-Sßn-b-Xm-bpw c-t≠m A-[n-e-[n-Iw t]-tcm B-Wv sIm-e-]m-X-I-Øn-\p ]n-∂n-ep-≈-sX-∂pw t]m-enkv ]-d-™p. Iq-Sp-X¬ hn-i-Zo-I-c-Ww A-[n-Ir-Xcn¬ \n-∂v B-h-iy-s∏-´-Xm-bn bp.F-kn-se C¥y≥ Fw-_-kn A-dn-bn-®p.

Ip-ªm-an

A-Ðp-Ã

l-ssk-\mÀ -

B-an-\-¡p-«n So-¨À -

th-em-bp-[³- -

a-½-Zv

\m-Zm-]p-cw: I-√m-®n-bnse X-øp-≈-Xn¬ aq-kbp-sS `m-cy Ip-™m-an (55). a-°ƒ: A-Ω-Zv, ss^-k¬ (C-cp-h-cpw Zp_-bv), ku-Z, \-^o-k, \Zo-d, km-_n-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Ω-Xv I-S-ta-cn, A-{¥p I-√m-®n, \m-k¿ I-S-tacn, P-Av-^¿ tN-e-°m-Sv, k-^o-d, dm-ln-e.

hm-Wn-ta¬: Nn-øq-cn-se Ip-f-Øn¬ A-–p-√ (66). `m-cy: _n-øm-Øp. a-°ƒ: dm-jn-Zv, B-bn-i, k-^o-\, dm-kn-\, dw-jo\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-ko-kv \-cn-∏-‰, A-iv-d-^v hmWn-ta¬, Ip-™-Ω-Zv `qan-hm-Xp-°¬, \u-jm-Zv hm-Wn-ta¬.

Xn-cq¿: tIm-´v Io-tg-SØn¬ l-ssk-\m¿. `m-cy: ssk-\-_. a°ƒ: \u-jm-Zv (JØ¿), km-_n¿ (a-kv°-Øv), a≥-kq¿, kmPn-Z, Pm-kv-an≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: tN-°p, dw-em_o-Kw, k-_v-eo-\, JZo-P.

A-co-t°m-Sv: ]-tc-X-\mb ]-¥-°-e-I-Øv ap-lΩ-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ]≈n-∏-d-º≥ B-an-\-°p´n So-®¿ (86). a-°ƒ: A–p¬ -P-_m¿, A-–p¬ ip-°q¿, B-bn-im-_n, dw-em-_n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: bp A-_q-_-°¿, k-eow, kp-l-d, B-cn-^.

F-S-°-c: D-∏-S {Km-aØn-se sX-t°-S-Øv th-em-bp-[≥ (90). `m-c-y: Im-fn. a-°ƒ: K-tW-iv-Ipam¿, A-\n¬-Ip-am¿, X-¶, Pm-\-In. a-cp-a°ƒ: tI-i-h≥, Zn-hmI-c≥, c-Pn-X, hn-P-bIp-am-cn.

tX-™n-∏-ew: \otcm¬-∏m-e-sØ ]o-®who-´n¬ a-Ω-Zv (75). `mcy: ]m-Øp-Ω. a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, k-^nb, B-bn-i, kp-sseJ, kp-ss_-Z, \-ko-d, ap-l-Ω-Zv tIm-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: Pw-jo¿, kpssl¬.

lk³Ip-«n

^m-¯n-a

ap-Ip-µ³ \m-bÀ

A-l-½-Zv-tIm-b

J-Zo-P -

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n

h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ tIm-cß-≠n l-k≥Ip-´n (84). `m-cy: Ip-™-ena. a-°ƒ: \m-k¿, _jo¿, A-kv-ew, ^ukn-b, ku-Z, ap-ssk_, \-ko-d.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: a-ºp-dw sh-´-Øp-]o-Sn-I Ip-∂pIp-e-Øv Ip-™-e-hn-bpsS `m-cy ^m-Øn-a (70). a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, _o-^mØp, B-bn-i. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-°o-\, sam-bv-Xo≥.

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: ss]tßm-´p-]p-dw B-™n°-c ap-Ip-μ≥ \m-b¿ (60). `m-cy: Ip-´n-am-fp. a°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn-Øv, c-RvPp-j. k-©-b-\w Rmb-d-gv-N.

\-cn-°p-\n: ]m-e-Øv Ifw-sIm-≈n A-l-Ω-Zv-tImb (73). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a°ƒ: k-^n-b, k-°o-\, ss^-k¬, d-lo-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿, ap-kvX-^, A-ko-kv, k-^o-\.

Xm-\m-fq¿: A-co-°m-´v sN-dp-ta-te-Øv A-entam≥- lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ]-Wn-°-cp-≠n¬ J-Zo-P (56). a-°ƒ: jm-^n (A_q-Z-_n), ss^-k¬, \q¿-P-lm≥, \-Pv-e.

^-tdm-°v: tIm-´-∏m-Sw Ip-‰n-°m-S≥ Ir-jv-W≥Ip-´n (65). `m-cy: ]m¿-hXn. a-°ƒ: im-c-Z, B-\μ≥, k-Xy≥, C-μn-c. a-cpa-°ƒ: kp-{_-lva-Wy≥, A-Pn-X, Kn-cn-P, A-ø-∏Zm-kv.

bp-h-Xn Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

Ip-º-f: bp-h-Xn-sb `¿-Xr-ho-´n-se In-S-∏p-ap-dn-bn¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. Ip-º-f _m-bn-°´-bn-se _m-e-Ir-jv-W sj-´n-˛-tam-ln-\n Z-º-Xn-I-fpsS a-I-fpw Iq-Uv-ep-hn-se {]-km-Zn-s‚ `m-cy-bp-am-b sI {]-Xn-`(26)-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn F-´-c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. H-cp h¿-jw ap-ºm-Wv Ch-cp-sS hn-hm-lw. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: {]-Pz¬, Ku-co-jv.

]m-¼p-I-Sn-tb-äv a-cn-¨p

D-∏-f: ss]-h-fn-sK Ip-cp-U-]-Zm-hv Im-¥n-e-bn-se Dkv-am-s‚ `m-cy dp-Jn-b (35) ]m-ºp-I-Sn-tb-‰v a-cn-®p. ho-´n-\-Sp-Ø ]-d-ºn¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂-Xn-\n-sS ]mºp-I-Sn-tb-‰ C-h-sc aw-K-em-]p-cw B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. a-°ƒ: C-kv-am-Cu¬, apssk-_, ap-_-jn-d.

F-en-hn-jw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v aq-¶p -h-b-Êp-Im-c³ a-cn-¨p I¬-∏-‰: F-en-\-io-I-c-WØn-\m-bn ]-©m-b-Øv hn-X-cWw sN-bv-X F-en-hn-jw D≈n¬-s®-∂v aq-∂p -h-b- p-Imc≥ a-cn-®p. ]-Sn-™m-d-Ø-d ]©m-b-Øv H-º-Xmw hm¿-Unse Xn-cp-aw-K-ew B-Zn-hm-kn tIm-f-\n-bn-se tKm-]m-e≥-˛cm-[ Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ IÆ-\m-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. _p-[-\m-gvN ssh-Io-´v ]-e-lm-c-sa-∂p I-cp-Xn F-en-hn-jw I-gn-® Ip´n-sb A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-

epw ]n-t‰-∂p a-cn-°p-I-bm-bncp∂p. F-en-\-io-I-c-W-Øn-\v hb-\m-´n¬ B-tcm-Ky-h-Ip-∏ns‚-bpw ]-©m-b-Øn-s‚-bpw k-l-I-c-W-tØm-sS hn-X-cWw-sN-bv-X F-en-hn-jw D-{Kti-jn-bp-≈ tdm-tUm-t^m F∂ cm-k-kw-bp-‡-am-sW-∂p ]-cm-Xn D-b¿-∂n-cp-∂p. tI-c-f tÃ-‰v sh-b¿-lu-kn-Mv tIm¿]-td-j-\m-Wv Cu kw-bp-‡w X-øm-dm-°n-b-Xv. tem-Im-tcmKy kw-L-S-\ tdm-tUm-t^m

kw-bp-‡-sØ A-Xy-]-I-S-Ic-am-b H-∂v-˛-F hn-`m-K-Øn¬ Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xm-Wv. A-b¬-°q-´-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv F-en-hn-jw ho-Sp-I-fn¬ FØn-®-Xv. A-tX-k-a-bw, I-S-bn¬\n∂p hm-ßn-b F-en-hn-j-am-Wv Ip-™n-s‚ a-c-W-Øn-\v Im-cW-am-b-sX-∂p ]-©m-b-Ø-[nIr-X¿ ]-d-™p. F-∂m¬ {]tZ-i-hm-kn-Iƒ C-Xp \n-tj[n-®p. I-Æ-s‚ k-tlm-Z-c≥: tKm-Ip-¬.

Nn-‰q¿: H-g-e-∏-Xn-bn¬ Ip-fn-°m≥-t]m-b hn-Zym¿-Yn Ip-f-Øn¬ ap-ßn-a-cn-®p. H-g-e-∏-Xn ap≥-kn-∏v-®-≈ X-¶-th-ep-hn-s‚ a-I≥ Zn-t\-iv-Ip-am¿ (14) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se ]-Øn-\m-bn-cp-∂p kw-`hw. Zn-t\-in-s\ Im-Wm-Xm-b-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂p-≈ At\z-j-W-Øn¬ Ip-fn-°-S-hn¬ h-kv-{X-߃ I-s≠Øn-bn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v Ip-f-Øn¬ \-S-Øn-b Xn-c-®-nen-em-Wv ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. Nn-‰q¿ ^-b¿t^m-gv-kv ar-X-tZ-lw ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Øp. sIm-gn-™mºm-d t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn. C-∂p- t]m-kv-‰vtam¿-´w sN-øpw.

]-\n _m-[n-¨v a-cn-¨p

h-S-h-∂q¿: Hm-t´m ss{Uh-¿ ]-\n _m-[n-®v a-cn-®p. B-e-º-≈w cm-P-tKm-]mens‚ a-I≥ _m-_p (47) B-Wv Xr-iq¿ sa-Un-°¬tIm-f-Pn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bnen-cn-s° C-∂-se a-cn-®-Xv. sIm-√-t¶m-Sv Ãm‚n¬ Hmt´m- ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂p. I-gn-™ c-≠m-gv-N-bmbn ]-\n-_m-[n-®v sIm-√-t��ms´bpw ]m-e-°m-´p-ap-≈ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-I-fn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bnembn-cp∂p. amXmhv: I-\-I-h-√n. `m-cy: _n-μp. a-°ƒ: Aa¬-Pn-Øv, Pn-cn-Pn-Øv. k-tlm-Z-c≥: tam-l≥.

ho-«-½ ]p-g-bn-Â a-cn-¨-\n-e-bnÂ

]-ø-∂q¿: Im-W-m-Xm-b ho-´-Ω-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw ]p-g-bn¬ I-s≠Øn. sImgp-Ω¬ {]m-¥w-Nm-en-se Sn ]n \m-cm-b-Wn(47)bpsS ar-X-tZ-l-am-Wv sh≈n-bm-gv-N D-®-bv-°p 2.30Hm-sS s]-cp-º ]p-gbn¬ \m-´p-Im¿ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. ]-ø-∂q-¿ t]m-ensk-Øn \m-´p-Im-cp-sS k-lm-b-tØm-sS I-c-bv-s°Sp-Øp. hym-gm-gv-N ap-X¬ C-h-sc Im-Wm-Xm-sb-∂p _‘p-°ƒ ]-ø-∂q-¿ t]m-en-kn¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-bn-cp∂p. `¿-Øm-hv `m-kv-I-c≥ H-cp-h¿-jw ap-ºv a-cn-®n-cp∂p. C-Xn-\p-ti-jw C-h¿-°v am-\-kn-Im-kzm-ÿy-ap≈-Xm-bn _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d-bp-∂p. {]m-¥w-Nm-en-se ]n Ip-™p-ºp-hn-s‚-bpw hn ]n e-£v-an A-Ω-bp-sS-bpw a-I-fm-Wv. a-°ƒ: Zn-hy, Imhy, kv-t\-l. a-cp-a-I≥: a-t\m-l-c≥. ar-X-tZ-lw ]cn-bm-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-te-°p- am-‰n.

A]-ISw I−v dn«. t]menkv ss{UhÀ Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

sIm-´m-c-°-c: sI.F-kv.B¿.-Sn.kn _-kv \n-b-{¥Ww-hn-´v ho-Sn-s‚ a-Xn-en¬ C-Sn-®p-I-b-dp-∂-Xp I≠v dn-´-. t]m-en-kv ss{Uh¿ lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw-aq-ew a-cn-®p. sIm-´m-c-°-c ]p-ea¨ In-g-t°-sX-cp-hv \-Kdn¬ N-¥-hn-f ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ a-Øm-bn (90) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-tem-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n-bn¬ \n-∂p sIm-´m-c-°-c-bn-te°p h-cp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ sI.F-kv.B¿.Sn.kn- th-WmSv _-kv sIm-´m-c-°-c-bn¬ ]-g-b sIm-√w-˛-sN-t¶m-´ tdm-Un¬ tem-´-kv P-Mv-£-\v k-ao-]w h-®m-Wv ho-´nte-°v C-Sn-®p-I-b-dn-b-Xv. C-Xv I-≠v Ip-g-™p-ho-W a-Øm-bn-sb D-S≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®p. lr-Z-bm-Lm-X-am-Wv a-c-W-Im-cWw. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ ho-Sn-s‚ ]-Sn-∏p-c-bp-sS ta¬-°qc-bpw Hm-Spw X-I¿-∂p. Hm-Sv _- n-te-°p sX-dn-®v Nne bm-{X-°m¿-°v \n- m-c ]-cn-t°-‰p. a-Øm-bn lr-Z-b-kw-_-‘-am-b A-kp-J-Øn-\v Nn-In-¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d™p. ]-tc-X-bm-b Nn-∂-Ω-bm-Wv `m-cy. a-I≥: ]-tcX-\m-b im-ap-h¬. a-cp-a-Iƒ: kq-k-Ω.

X-sâ `m-cy-bp-sS a-c-W-¯n-\p Im-c-W-¡mÀ Im-gv-N \-ã-s¸-« kw-`-hw: K-tW-jv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-¸-\p-sa-¶v _n-Pp tUm-ÎÀ-s¡-Xn-tc tI-kv ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: X-s‚ `m-cy-bpsS a-c-W-Øn-\p Im-c-W-°m¿ K-tW-jv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-∏-\p-sa∂v _n-Pp cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥. Xncp-h-√ tIm-bn-∏p-d-sØ hy‡nbpsS ]-°¬-\n-∂v 60 e-£w cq] hm-ßn-b tI-kn¬ C-∂-se ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P-cm-°n-b-t∏mƒ am-[y-a-{]h¿-Ø-I¿-°v _n-Pp cm-[m-Irjv-W≥ \¬Inb IØn-emWv Cu ]cm-a¿iw. `m-cy c-iv-an-sb Xm≥ sIm-∂n-´n-√ F-∂-Xv F∂m-bm-epw ]p-d-Øp-hcpsa∂pw c-iv-an-bp-sS a-c-WØn-\v Im-c-W-°m-c≥ K-tWjv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-∏-\p-amsW∂pw IØn¬ ]d-bp∂p. ]-cm-a¿-iw C-ß-s\: ""F-

s∂ kv-t\-ln-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cnem-Wv im-ep-ta-t\m-\v C-{Xsbm-s° k-ln-t°-≠n-h-∂Xv. `m-cy c-iv-an I-gn-™m¬ Fs∂ C-{X-bpw kv-t\-ln-®-Xpw a-\- n-em-°n-b-Xpw im-ep am{X-am-Wv. B-cv ssI-hn-´m-epw A-hƒ F-s∂ ssI-hn-Sn-√ F∂p-d-∏m-Wv. A-h-fp-sS A-Ωbn¬ \n-∂v 20 e-£w hm-ßn-bXv t\-cm-Wv. ]-t£ F-s‚ _nkn-\- n-s\-°p-dn-t®m km-ºØn-I C-S-]m-Sp-I-sf-°p-dn-t®m im-ep-hn-\-dn-bn-√. Xn-I-®pw \nc-]-cm-[n-bm-b A-h-sf tIkn¬ \n-∂v H-gn-hm-°m≥ Rm≥ 164 ap-Jm-¥-cw tIm-S-Xntbm-Sv B-h-iy-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v (F-√mhn-[ sX-fn-hp-I-fpw k-

ln-Xw). Z-b-hp-sN-bv-Xv A-h-fpsS \n-c-]-cm-[n-Xzw a-\- n-em°-Ww. ]n.kn tPm¿-Pn-s\-bpw sh-≈m-∏-≈n-sb-bpw sI ap-cfo-[-c-s\-bpw Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xn-\p-ap-ºv H-∂m-tem-Nn-°pI. C-h¿-s°-Xn-tc am-\-\-jv-Sw sIm-Sp-°p-tºmƒ kw-km-cn°p-∂ sX-fn-hp-Iƒ F-s∂-¶nepw a-d-\o-°n ]p-d-Øp-h-cpw. F-s‚ A-Ω Cu tI-kp-I-fnse-√mw \n-c-]-cm-[n-bm-Wv''. F∂nßs\bm-Wv IØnep≈-Xv. im-ep-ta-t\m-s\ tI-kn¬ \n-∂p c-£n-°m\pw `m-cy c-ivan-sb sIm-∂n-´n-s√-∂p ÿm]n-°m-\p-amWv IØn-eqsS {ia-sa∂v Icp-Xp-∂p.

Ip-∂w-Ip-fw: Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ Xn-an-c i-kv-{X-{In-b°p hn-t[-b-cm-b-h¿-°v Im-gv-N \-„-s∏-´ kw-`-h-Øn¬ tUmŒ¿-s°-Xn-tc Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]men-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp. Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se t\-{X-tcm-K hn-`m-K-Øn-se tUm. sI B¿ {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am-dn-s\-Xn-tc-bm-Wv tI-sk-Sp-Ø-Xv. s]m-Xp-{]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-b ]n Un tPm-k-^v Ip-∂w-Ip-fw a-Pnkv-t{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ k-a¿-∏n® l¿-Pn ]-cn-K-Wn-®v tUm-Œ¿s°-Xn-tc tI-sk-Sp-°m≥ D-Øc-hv \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂m-Wv t]m-en-kv \-S-]-Sn. Pq-sse 22\pw B-K-kv-Xv

12\pw Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ Xn-an-c i-kv-{X-{In-b \-SØn-b F-´p-t]-cp-sS Im-gv-N-bmWv \-„-s∏-´-Xv. Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ ]-¥m-bn¬ hnP-b-e-£v-an, ]-g-™n A-bn∂q¿ ]p-Xp-cp-Øn _m-e≥, Cøm¬ h-Sn-\n-]-d-ºn¬ Ip-´-∏≥, B¿-Øm-‰v kz-tZ-in cm-P≥, Nq≠¬ sh-¶-f-Øv X-¶, Nn-‰™q¿ hn-im-ew, In-gq¿ kz-tZin c-hn, Xn-∏n-e-t»-cn ]p-Xp-ho´n¬ tam-fp F-∂n-h-cp-sS Im-gv-Nbm-Wv \-„-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v k-kv-s]≥-j-\n-em-b tUm-Œ¿-s°-Xn-tc a-\p-jym-hIm-i I-Ωo-j-\pw tI-sk-SpØn-cp-∂p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

thiruvananthapuram

7 k-]v-Xw-_¿ 2013 i\n

ho«-½ Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

Nh-d: kv-t‰-j\-dn hym-]m-cnbm-b ho-´Ω-sb ho-´n\p-≈n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn. ]-∑-\ A-ºm-Sn `-h-\-Øn-¬ k-Xy-s‚ `m-cy eo-e(41)sbbmWv a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Im-W-s∏-´Xv. ]≥-a-\ t£-{X-Øn-\v k-ao-]w tÃ-j\-dn I-®hSw \S-ØpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-h¿. N-hd t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn®p.

A-Ðp d-km-Jv

i-in-[-c³ B-Nm-cn

]mÀ-Y³

l-cn-Zm-kv

Ipªp-Ir-jvW-]nÅ

Im-Wn-ap¯-Èn cmP-½

X¦-½

In-fn-sIm√q¿: a-ßm-Sv A-dp-\q-‰n-awK-ew am-S≥Im-hn-\v k-ao-]w ko\Øv a≥-kn-en¬ A-–p¬ d-km-Jv(t]m-f-bn¬˛90). `mcy: kzm-en-lm-_ohn. J-_-dS-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v kn-bm-d-Øpw-aq-Sv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬. a°ƒ: j-lp-_m-\Øv, sj-co^v, d-low, k-enw, I-_o¿, A-–p¬-k-emw, ko-\-Øv. a-cp-a°ƒ: A–p¬ k-aZv, j-lp-_m\Øv, d-ln-bm-\Øv, sse-e, jo-P, sj-ao-\, l-_o-_v-d-“m≥.

I-S-bv°¬: CS-Ø-d iin-hn-em-k-Øn¬ i-in-[c≥ B-Nm-cn(68). `mcy: cXv\-Ω. a°ƒ: jmPn, jmPp, a-Rv-Pp-j. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-_n-X, _m_p, hm-cn-Pm-£≥.

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: sh-≈m\-Xp-cp-Øv ]-Wn-°-t»cn¬ ]m¿-Y≥(71). `mcy: Ir-jvW-Ω. a°ƒ: A-\o-j, Kn-cojv, l-cojv. a-cp-a°ƒ: A\n¬-Ip-am¿, kw-Ko-X, k-PnX.

I-cp-\m-K-∏≈n: ]-d-bIS-hv In-g-°S-Øv l-cnZm-kv(86). `mcy: ]-X-vtaizcn. a-°ƒ: ap-cfn, Iae, l-cn-Ip-am¿, {io-Ipam¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: X¶-Ω, kp-tc-{μ≥, {io-P, tim`.

I-eym-Wn-b-½

N-ß-\m-t»-cn: Xr-s°mSn-Øm-\w ap-≠-bv-°¬ s]-cp-º-≈n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb \m-cm-b-W-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy ]n F≥ ]m-dp-°p-´nb-Ω (95). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v sshIo-´v \m-en-\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. ]-tc-X Ip-‰q¿ X-ebm¿ \-¥n-°-c Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: c-ho{μ≥-\m-b¿, ]-¶-Pm£≥-\m-b¿, ]-tc-X-bmb N-{μ-Ip-am-cn.

Ip≠d: s]cp-ºpg ap≠-bv°¬ Ip‰n-°m´v ho´n¬ Fkv Ip™p-IrjvW-]n≈ (85). kwkvImcw C∂v cmhnse 11 \v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: Ia-e-Ω-bΩ. a°ƒ: hnP-b-e-£van, I¿Ω N{μ≥]n≈, hna≥-tdm-bv, APn-X-Ip-am-cn. acp-a°ƒ: apc-fo-[-c≥]n-≈, KoXm-a-Wn, amb, DÆnIr-jvW-]n≈.

sh-™m-d-aqSv: th¶-a-e `-Kh-Xn t£-{X-Øn-se ]q-Pm-cn- th¶-a-e sN¬t°mW-Øv ho-´n¬ {io[-c≥-Im-Wn-bp-sS `m-cy cm-P-Ω (87). ]u-cm-WnI Ip-Spw-_mw-Kam-b Ch¿ t£-{X-Øn-se I\ym-hn-s‚ \-S-bn-se ]cn-I¿-an-bm-Wv. Pn√-bnse {]-i-i-flm-b k-v{Xo-I-fp-sS t£-{X-ß-fnsem-∂m-Wv th-¶-a `-Kh-Xn t£-{Xw. a°ƒ: e-fn-X, E-jn\mY≥, kp-[, h¬ke. a-cp-a°ƒ: ANpX≥, kp-io-e, kp{_-lva-Wy≥, _m-_p.

h¿°-e: ta¬-sh-´q¿ sIm-®phn-f ho-´n¬ ]tc-X\m-b ]-fl-\m-`≥ sN-´n-bm-cp-sS `m-cy ]n X-¶-Ω (78). a°ƒ: N{μ-_m_p, tam-l-\Zmkv, ]-tc-X\m-b Pb≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: sI tamfn, B¿ h¬k-e, F KoX.

\m-cm-b-W-]n-Å

A¶½ ss]tem tN¿Øe: tN¿Øe \K-c-k` 25mw hm¿Uv shfo-]-d-ºn¬ ]tcX\mb ss]tembpsS `mcy A∂Ω ss]tem (95). a°ƒ:tacn,Gen-°p´n,t__n. acp-a°ƒ:]m∏-®≥, tPm¿Pv,tacn°p´n.

Xpºa¨: ap-´w I-°m-Sv sX-t°-Xn¬ I-eym-Wnb-Ω(95). a°ƒ: im-¥(apwss_), cm-[m-aWn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]tc-X\m-b Zn-hm-I-c≥, hm-kp-tZh≥.

tPm-k-^v tXm-a-kv-

C-cn-´n: ap-g-°p-∂v ap-St°m-gn kv-Iq-fn-\-p k-ao]w Im-¿-Xym-b-\n (78).

ap-f-∏p-dw: kn-kv-t‰-gv-kv Hm-^v- t{]m-hn-U≥-kv- Hm^v- Kym-]v- k-`mw-Kw knkv-‰¿ kn-kn-en A-K-kv‰n≥ (54). ]-tc-X I-tºmUn-b, km-ln-_v-K-©v-, {^m≥-kv-, tIm-gn-t°m-SvF-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ tk-h\w A-\p-jv-Sn-®n-´p-≠v-. D≈m-´n¬ ]-tc-X-cm-b AK-kv-‰n≥-G-en-°p-´n Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I-fm-Wv-.

N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ]m-bn-∏mSv \m-ep-tIm-Sn th-jvWm¬ tPm-k-^v tXm-akv(Ip-´-∏≥-˛76). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v 2.30\v \m-ep-tIm-Sn sk‚ v tXm-a-kv C-S-h-I tZ-hm-e-b-Øn¬. `m-cy tdm-k-Ω(X-¶-Ω). a-°ƒ: em-en-®≥, tPmkv tam≥, kn-_n-®≥, ^m.km-_p th-jv-Wm-¬ , en-kn ,an-\n, kn-ÿ Zo]v-Xn, kn-ÿ k-Pn-X.

_n-µp A-c-hnµv

cma-Ir-jvW³

h¿°-e: sIm√w e-£van hn-lm-dn¬ sI sI A-c-hn-μ-s‚bpw D-j-bpsSbpw a-Iƒ _n-μp Ac-hn-μv (35). h-S-t°hn-f F-kv.F≥ ]-ªn-Iv kvIqƒ A-[ym-]n-I-bm-bncp∂p. a-Iƒ: E-jnX.

B-cy-\mSv: sh-≈-\m-Sv sam-Xn-\-K¿ kn-‘p-hnem-k-Øn¬ cm-a-Ir-jvW≥ (74). `m-cy: B-\μ-h√n. a°ƒ: _n-μpte-J, kn-‘p-te-J, _nPp-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: tam-l\≥, a-Wn-IWvT≥, KwK.

Ip-a-fn: Ip-f-Øp-]m-ew I-dp-I-∏-≈n¬ sI B¿ \m-cm-b-W-]n-≈(72) \ncym-X-\m-bn. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v Ip-a-fn tdm-km-∏q-°-≠sØ ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy:I-a-em-£n.

ImÀ-Xym-b-\n

ImÀ¯ymb-\n aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: ap-f-hq¿ Ip∂pw-]pd-Øp ho-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ap≠-s‚ `m-cy Im¿Øym-b-\n(86). ta-Xe ap-{]-]-S-hn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-amWv. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p 12\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. a°ƒ: ]-tc-Xbmb N-{μn-I, k-l-tZh≥(^b¿-t^m-gv-kv ap≥ D-tZym-K-ÿ≥), N{μ≥, kp-{_-“-Wy≥, tKm-]n(kn.]n.Fw ap-fhq¿ tem-°¬- sk-{I´dn, aq-hm-‰p]p-g Xm-eq°v sse-{_-dn Iu¨kn¬ sk-{I´-dn).

am-Wn-¡w s]-cn-tßmw: aT-bº - Øv cm-as - ‚ `m-cy ]m-Sntbm-´p-Nm¬ am-Wn-°w (88).

kn-kv-äÀ kn-kn-en -

tam-l-\³ ]≈p-cpØn: ]-≈p-cpØn Xn-cp-Øm-fn¬ lukv sI _n tam-l-\≥ (71). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v ]-≈p-cpØn s]m-Xp-iv-a-im-\Øn¬. `mcy: cm[ taml\≥. a°ƒ: jn-_pem¬, jo-_. a-cp-a°ƒ: tZ-hn -jn-_p-em¬, cmPohv.

Ir-jv-W-hm-cyÀ N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: dn-´. s]mXp-a-cm-a-Øv F≥-Pn-\ob¿ aq-°p-X-e hr-μm-h\-Øn¬ ]-\-ßm-´n-cn hm-cy-Øv Ir-jv-W-hmcy¿ (84). aq-°p-X-e t£-{X-]-cn-]m-e-\ k-anXn {]-kn-U‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn-\n hm-ckym¿.

]m-dp-¡p-«n-b-½

{]-k-¶-Ip-am-cn I-ß-g: ]-Ø-\m-Sv k-ckz-Xn-aw-K-ew kp-\n¬Ip-am-dn-s‚ `m-cy {]-k∂-Ip-am-cn (48). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v aq∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: Nn-°p, ]n-bq-jv.

Nmt¡m am-Xyp

Ip-‰ym-Sn: h-f-b-∂q-cnepw k-ao-]-{]-tZ-i-ß-fnepw I¿-j-I kw-Lw sI-´n-∏-Sp-°m≥ {]-h¿Øn-® C-√-Ø-d-I-≠n s]m-°≥ (85). `m-cy: ]tc-X-bm-b \-Sp-hn-se FS-Øpw- Pm-\p.

hm-I-Øm-\w: ]p-Ø≥N-¥ ]-Sn-b-d-h-≈n-°m´m-b ]q-h-Øpw-aq-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]n kn Ip-cymt°m-kn-s‚ `m-cy A-∂Ω Ip-cym-t°m-kv (Ip™-Ω- 80). ]-tc-X tIm-´bw ]p-Ø-\-ßm-Sn ]p-fn°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw.

Xn-cp-h√: \nc-Ww h-S°p-`m-Kw A-{º-bn¬ Nmt°mw ]-d-ºn¬ Nmt°m am-Xyp (Ip-™p-Ip´n˛82). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂vv cm-hnse 11\v \nc-Ww h-S-°p`m-Kw sk‚ v tXma-kv Hm¿-Ø-tUm-Iv-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ; t{K-kn-°p´n, tamen-°p-´n, tPm¿-Pp-Ip´n, Ip-™p-tam≥, am-a®≥, enkn, tPm-bn-°p´n.

kXy-kÔ³

k-_q-\nkm

kzo-än P-kv-än³

Nn-d-bn≥-Io-gv: Nn-d-bn≥Io-gv s]-cp-ßp-gn A\p]-am P-Mvj-\p k-ao]w k-Xy \n-hm-kn¬ k-Xy-k-‘≥ (51˛Pn.F.Fkv.sF Nnd-bn≥-Io-gv t]m-en-kv kvt‰-j≥). `mcy: AUz. cXn. a°ƒ: k-XyI-jvW, kq-cyIr-jvW.

Nn-d-bn≥-Io-gv: ]m-e-Ip∂v C-kv-am-en-bm-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ap-lΩ-Zv C-kv-am-bn-en-s‚ `m-cy k-_q-\n-km (70).

Im-´m-°-S: C-e-bv-t°m-Sv s]-\n-tb-en¬ Sn F-^v P-Ãn≥ Ip-am-dn-s‚-bpw jn-an P-Ãn-s‚-bpw aIƒ kzo-‰n F-kv PÃn≥ (F-´v).

`mÀK-hn-b-½

\m-cm-b-W³

s]cpºmhq¿: Iogn√w aeºpdØv ]tcX\mb \oeIWvT≥ \mbcpsS `mcy `m¿KhnbΩ (97). a°ƒ: ]tcX\mb IrjvW≥ \mb¿, ]tcXbmb Iukey, hnemkn\n. acpa°ƒ: kp`{Z, cmaIrjvW≥ (C≥tUm¿), _meIrjvW≥.

Im-eSn: ]m-d-∏p-dw tImW-Øp-Iq-Sn ho-´n¬ \mcm-b-W≥ (89). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: ]tc-Xbm-b e-£van. a°ƒ: tKm]n, Ip-am¿, l-cn-Zmkv, kPn, im-¥, cm-[, ]-fln\n, c-aWn, Ip-amcn. a-cp-a°ƒ: cmPΩ, hnPn, kn‘p, _nμp, Kw-Km-[c≥, aWn, Aw_p-Pm£≥, kpIp, _m_p.

N-{µ-ti-Jc³-]n-Å I-f-a-t»cn: C-S∏-≈n hS-°pw-]p-dw Ip-≠q¿ ]pØ≥ ho-´n¬ N-{μ-tiJc≥ -]n-≈ (85). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbm-b km-hn-{XnbΩ. a°ƒ: {io-tZhn, ]tc-X\m-b {io-Ip-am¿, {ioI-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: sI Sn _m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈, F-kv eo-em-hXn, sI Fkv hn-iz-\mY≥.

a-dn-bm-½ cm-P-]p-cw: I-cn-th-S-IsØ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]pØ≥]p-c-bv-°¬ tZ-hky-bp-sS `m-cy a-dn-bm-Ω (85). a-°ƒ: t{X-kym-Ω, t__n, tam-fn, hn≥-k‚ v (ku-Zn).

A-¶-½ Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

s]m-¡³

hÅn-b½ssh-∏n-≥: FS-h-\°mSv amhp-¶-Ød Imbs‚ `mcy h≈n-bΩ(91).a-°ƒ: Kucn, kn≤m¿ ∞≥, ]tc-Xcmb kpa-Xn, tkm-^n. acp-a-°ƒ :]tc-X-\mb Zmk≥, e£van, Ipamc≥, tPm¨-k¨.

ap-\o-d I-Æq¿-kn-‰n: tIm-´°m-bn-bn-se s\-cn-bm¶-≠n ap-\o-d (32). `¿-Øm-hv: tIm-b-ºØq-cn-se hn-°n ^q-´vth¿ D-S-a- th-en-°-e-IØv kn-±o-Jv. ]n-Xm-hv: _n sam-bv-Xp-. a-°ƒ: jm-\n-b, k-^o-Z. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \n-bmkv, d-Cu-kv (Zp-_-bv). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p- cmhn-se 10\v kn-‰n Pp-am-akv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

\m-cm-b-W³ s]-cn-tßmw: th-´-s°mcpa-I≥ t£-{X-Øn-\p k-ao-]-w In-g-s°ho-´n¬ \m-cm-b-W≥ (70). `m-cy: h-b¬ho-´n¬ X-ºm-bn.

k-Pn-X Nn-‰q¿: sIm-gn-™m-ºmd I-cp-h-∏m-d ]-g-\n-bm¿]m-f-bw kp-[o-dn-s‚ `mcy k-Pn-X (25). ]n-Xm-hv: Ir-jv-W≥.

hÀ-Kokv Xn-cph√: h-≈w-Ip-fw Im´n-te-Øv sI hn h¿Ko-kv (84). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv. `mcy; A∂-Ω. a°ƒ: eo-em-Ω, tPmWn, AΩnWn, Ip-™p-tamƒ, Ip-™q™-Ω, tPmfn. acp-a°ƒ; s]m-∂®≥, X¶-Ω, cmPp, tPm¨k¨, k-Pn, s_∂n.

Pn-½n

A-ÐpÂJm-ZÀ au-e-hn sh-ºm-bw: I-\ym-Ip-fß-c ap-°w-]m-eaq-Sv C-Shn-fm-Iw A-–p¬-Jm-Z¿ au-e-hn (80). Z-£n-WtI-c-f Pw-C-ø-Øp¬ D-ea-bp-sS B-Zy-Im-e {]h¿-Ø-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. Icn-®m-d, t]m-Ø≥-tIm-Sv, sh-ºm-bw F-∂n-hn-S-ßfn¬ ap-Z-cn-km-bpw C-amam-bpw Zo¿-L-Im-ew tkh-\-a-\p-„n-®n-´p≠v. `m-cy: kp-ss_-Zm _o-hn. a-°ƒ: ko-\-Øv, kp¬^-Øv, A¿-j-Zv ap-l-Ω-Zv \-Zv-hn (Bƒ C-¥y Camw-kv Iu¨-kn¬ kwÿm-\ k-an-Xn Aw-Kw), A≥-k¿, _p-jv-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ l°nw, C-eym-kv, kp-sseam≥, P-eo-e, A-\o-k. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂pcm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v I-\ym-Ip-fß-c Ppw-B a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

cm-P-]p-cw: Np-≈n-°-cbn-se aq-cn-°p-t∂¬ PnΩn F-∂ Nm-t°m (62). `m-cy: kq-k-Ω (Ipt∂¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: l-Wn-tamƒ, tkmWn-b, \n-Xn≥ .

kp-`m-jv tI-ih³

ssk-KmÄ

ssk-\p-±o³

hÂ-k³

In-fn-am-\q¿: t]m-ß-\mSv D-≈q¿-t°m-Ww in-hKw-K-bn¬ ssk-Kmƒ (62). `mcy: e-Xn-I. a°ƒ: knan, kn_n. acp-aI≥: Zn-t\jv.

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: ]m-bn-{] t]m-bm-en ap-Xn-c-°m-embn¬ ssk-\p-±o≥ (60). `mcy: c-≠m¿-°-c a-StØmS-Øv A-kv-a. a°ƒ: d-^oJv, jm^n (P-\d¬ sk-{I´-dn apkvenw bp-Øv eo-Kv ]m-bn{] ]-©mb-Øv), kn±oJv, DΩ¿, dnbm-tamƒ. a-cp-a°ƒ: \u-jmZv (ap-fhq¿), ssj-tamƒ.

Im-™n-c-a‰w: ]p-Xp-hmt»-cn B-ew-t©-cn ]-dºn¬ ]-tc-X\mb tKm]m-e≥ \m-b¿ a-I≥ F Pn h¬-k≥ (46). `mcy: an\n. a°ƒ: Aizn≥, A-\¥p. am-Xmhv: k-tcm-Pn-\n.

Fw Un \m-bÀ Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: s]m-bn\m-®n Su-Wn-se jm-enam¿ {Sm-h¬-kv D-S-a ]-dºv {io-Ir-jv-W-bn-se Fw Un \m-b¿ F-∂ Fw Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b¿ (-65). `m-cy: C-S-bn-eyw im-c-Z. a-I≥: {io-cm-Pv _m-_p.

_m-e-N-{µ³ B-e-Øq¿: ta-em¿-tImSv sN-dp-h-©n-]-d-ºv ho´n¬ th-em-bp-[-s‚ aI≥ _m-e-N-{μ≥ (57). Nn-‰q¿ _n.Fkv.F≥.F-¬ Po-h-\°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: tZ-hn. am-Xm-hv: ]m-dp. a°ƒ: kp-[, kq-c-Pv. ktlm-Z-cn: im-¥-Ip-am-cn (B-e-Øq¿ tIm-˛Hm-]td-‰o-hv k¿-ho-kv k-lI-c-W _m-¶v, ta-em¿tIm-Sv {_m-©v am-t\P¿). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬.

Xn-cph√: I-hn-bq¿ C-ehpw-aq-´n¬ kp-`m-jv tIi-h≥ (68). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: kp-am-tZhn.

_o-¡p-«n I¬-∏I - t- ©-cn: s]m-∑p≠w ho-cm-t»-cn-∏S- n-bnse ]p-Xp-°p-Sn ssk-Xmen-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy _o°p-´n (63). a-°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv, Zm-hq-Zv, kp-sseam≥, bq-kp-^v, ^m-Øna, ssk-\_ - , kp-sseJ. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ap-lΩ - Z- vIp-´n, b-AvJ - q-_v, \mk¿, dw-e, kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-i, \-^o-k.

am-[-hn sIm-bn-em-≠n: hn-øq¿ A-tcm-Øv-Xm-g am-[-hn (74). `-¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b D-Æ-c. a-°ƒ: Pm\-In, I-a-e, _m-_p, kPo-h≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tcX-\m-b `m-kv-I-c≥, ]-tcX-\m-b tKm-]m-e≥, tla-e-X, Pn-j.

A-¶w-Ip-«n

dnbm-kv-

_me³

]u-tem-kv

am-¯-¨³

ap-l-½-Zm-en

]-co-Xv

Ia-ep

t\m¿-Øv ]-d-hq¿: ssIXmcw ]-tc-X\m-b am-S-h\-°mSv (aT-Øn¬) At√-iv `m-cy A-∂w-Ip-´n (91). a°ƒ: ]-tc-Xbm-b t__n, ]-tc-X\mb tPm¿Pv, tPmkv, Ip™Ω, sP n, en√n, kn-kv‰¿ A≥-kv-an≥. a-cpa°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b ]utemkv, a-dn-bm-Ω, B\n, tPm¿Pv, t__n.

ssh-∏n-≥:- ]p-Xp-ssh-∏vtXm-Wn-∏m-e-Øn-\p kao-]w- \n-I-Øn-Ø-d- ]-tcX-\m-b- A-jv-d-^n-s‚- aI-≥ dn-bm-kv- (28)- -.-`m-cy:k-Pn-e.- am-Xm-hv-:- D-ssk_.-

Kpcp-hm-bq¿: Imc-°mSv amtßm´p]d-ºn¬ am®m-aw-K-eØv _me≥(75). kwkvImcw C-∂v D-®-bv° 12 \v Kpcp-hm-bq¿ \K-c-k` ivaim-\-Øn¬. `mcy: ]tc-X-bmb am[hn. a°ƒ: iin-I-e, \μ-Ipam¿, (Kƒ^v), `c-X≥, iin-I-e. acp-a-°ƒ: kp{]-`, {]oX (-F.-B¿.Hm-^nkv, Nmh-°m-Sv), kp{_-“-Wy≥.

am-f: ta-e-Uq¿ Im-tc°m-´v ]u-tem-kv(86). `mcy: t__n. a°ƒ: tPmkv, h¿-Kokv, Fanen, kmP≥, kPn. a-cpa°ƒ: sP∂n, A¬t^m¨-k, s•≥, enkn, ]u-tem-kv.

am-f: sIm-º-Øv-IS-hv ta-°m-´p-]-d-ºn¬ am-Ø®≥(74). a°ƒ: Pok≥, Pn≥kn, Pn¬_n. a-cp-a°ƒ: jme‰v, sU∂n, B‚p.

Im-´q¿: I-gn{ºw ]p-Xn-bho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b A-San-bp-sS a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zmen(80). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbm-b a-dnbp-Ω. a°ƒ: A-jv-d^v, jm-ln-Z, sk-^n-b, Bcn-^, A-–p¬ hm-lnZv, d-kn-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: km-Pn-X, A–p¬ kemw lmPn, _jo¿, I-_o¿, ^-ko-e, sj-ao¿.

I-bv-]-awKew: s]cn™-\w N-°-c-∏m-Sw kz-tZ-in- aT-Øn-∏-d-ºn¬ ]-coXv. a°ƒ: kpl-d, A-∫m-kv(a-kvI-‰v), bqk-^v(Zp_-bv), ]-tcXbmb ssk-\-_. a-cpa°ƒ: aq-k, A_p, lmP-d, jw-kp.

]m-h-d´n: a-cp-X-bq¿ h-Smt»-cn ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jvW≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy I-aep(70). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: in-hcma≥, k-l-tZh≥, iin, hk-¥, tIm-afw. a-cp-a°ƒ: Kn-cn-P, N-{μnI, cmPn, iin, a-t\m-lc≥.

]-cy-bn- lm-Pn I-°-´n¬: ]m-Xn-cn-∏-‰ A-ßm-Sn-bn-se hym-]m-cnbpw ]-tc-X-\m-b A-cn-∏qf ]-d-º-Øv A-–p-√-bpsS a-I-\p-am-b ]-Sn-™msd ]m-d-s∏m-bn-en¬ ]cy-bn lm-Pn (62). am-Xm-hv: a-dn-bw. `m-cy: B-ky l-÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: ko-\-Øv. a-cp-a-I≥: atSm-sºm-bn¬ A-iv-d-^v hm-Wn-ta¬ ({I-k‚ v ssl-kv-Iqƒ A-[ym-]I≥). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: F ]n A-Ω-Xv, s\-√ym-ºp-d-Øv J-Zo-P, ]m-Øp Im-bs°m-Sn, Ip-™m-an.

`m-c-Xn X-e-t»-cn: am-S-∏o-Sn-I ku-Øv h-b-e-fw bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao]w A-\p-]-a-bn¬ Fw sI `m-c-Xn (81). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Fw cmL-h≥. a-°ƒ: h-k¥cm-Pv, kp-tem-N-\, ssj-\, jm-Pn, jn-PnØv em¬ (a-kv-°-Øv), im-en-\n, ]-tc-X-bm-b _o-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n¿-a-e, {]`m-I-c≥, \n-j, _n-μp, cta-iv _m-_p, ]-tc-X-\mb cm-P≥.

lk³Ip-«n h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ tIm-cß-≠n l-k≥Ip-´n (84). `m-cy: Ip-™-en-a.

G-en-bm-½ Hm-a-t»-cn: th-fw-tIm-Sv Cu-¥-√mw-Ip-gn-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]-t{Xm-kn-s‚ `m-cy B-\-°p-gn-bn¬ Gen-bm-Ω (82). a-°ƒ: t_-_n, ^m. kv-I-dn-b, ]u-tem-kv, G-en-bm-kv, Hm-a-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: eo-e, ta-cn, km-dm-Ω, B-en-kv, tPm¿-Pv.

ssa-ap h-S-I-c: Xm-sg-A-ßm-Sn Np-≠n¬ ssa-ap (55). `¿Øm-hv: Np-≠n¬ l-k≥. a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp-∂m-k¿, A-–p-¬ a-\m-^v (Zp-_bv), am-ln-e, A-kvew, Xkveo-\, lm-^n-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-ko¿ a-Wnbq¿, _-Z-dp-∂n-k, d-knb Xn-t°m-Sn, ^m-kn-e, ]-tc-X-\m-b K-^q¿ h≈n-°m-Sv.

B-an-\-¡p-«n

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: ]-\-t°m-Sv ta-te h-Sp-h≥-I-≠nbn¬ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n lmA-l-½-Zv-tIm-b Pn-bp-sS `m-cy B-an-\-°p\-cn-°p-\n: ]m-e-Øv Ifw-sIm-≈n A-l-Ω-Zv-tIm- ´n(69). a-°ƒ: A-–p¿-dlvam≥, I-cow. a-cp-a-Iƒ: b (73). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. jm-°n-d.

F-en-hn-jw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v aq-¶p -h-b-Êp-Im-c³ a-cn-¨p I¬-∏-‰: F-en-\-io-I-c-WØn-\m-bn ]-©m-b-Øv hn-X-cWw sN-bv-X F-en-hn-jw D≈n¬-s®-∂v aq-∂p -h-b- p-Imc≥ a-cn-®p. ]-Sn-™m-d-Ø-d ]©m-b-Øv H-º-Xmw hm¿-Unse Xn-cp-aw-K-ew B-Zn-hm-kn tIm-f-\n-bn-se tKm-]m-e≥-˛cm-[ Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ IÆ-\m-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. _p-[-\m-gvN ssh-Io-´v ]-e-lm-c-sa-∂p I-cp-Xn F-en-hn-jw I-gn-® Ip´n-sb A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-

epw ]n-t‰-∂p a-cn-°p-I-bm-bncp∂p. F-en-\-io-I-c-W-Øn-\v hb-\m-´n¬ B-tcm-Ky-h-Ip-∏ns‚-bpw ]-©m-b-Øn-s‚-bpw k-l-I-c-W-tØm-sS hn-X-cWw-sN-bv-X F-en-hn-jw D-{Kti-jn-bp-≈ tdm-tUm-t^m F∂ cm-k-kw-bp-‡-am-sW-∂p ]-cm-Xn D-b¿-∂n-cp-∂p. tI-c-f tÃ-‰v sh-b¿-lu-kn-Mv tIm¿]-td-j-\m-Wv Cu kw-bp-‡w X-øm-dm-°n-b-Xv. tem-Im-tcmKy kw-L-S-\ tdm-tUm-t^m

kw-bp-‡-sØ A-Xy-]-I-S-Ic-am-b H-∂v-˛-F hn-`m-K-Øn¬ Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xm-Wv. A-b¬-°q-´-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv F-en-hn-jw ho-Sp-I-fn¬ FØn-®-Xv. A-tX-k-a-bw, I-S-bn¬\n∂p hm-ßn-b F-en-hn-j-am-Wv Ip-™n-s‚ a-c-W-Øn-\v Im-cW-am-b-sX-∂p ]-©m-b-Ø-[nIr-X¿ ]-d-™p. F-∂m¬ {]tZ-i-hm-kn-Iƒ C-Xp \n-tj[n-®p. I-Æ-s‚ k-tlm-Z-c≥: tKm-Ip-¬.

_n-¿¡ - p-«n I¬-∏I - t- ©-cn: ]-dh - ∂q¿ sh-Ãn-se ]-tc-X\m-b a-tø-cn ap-bX v- o≥-Ip´n-bp-sS `m-cy sIm-√Ø - v _n-ø° - p-´n (84). a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-sambvXo≥-Ip-´n (dn-´. {]-^k¿.-Sn.-Fw.-Pn.-tIm-fP - v Xncq¿), Ip-™l - Ω - Z- ,v- A_vZ- p¬ e-Øo-^v,- A-_vZp¬- hm-ln-Zv, A-_Zv- p¬ ip-°q¿, D-Ωm-®p, Ip™o-a, ^m-Øn-a, A-aØp-di - o-Zv,- J-Zo-P. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ssi-Jv- A-_vZp-√ sX-øº - m-´n¬, ]-tcX-\m-b I - p-™Ω - p, A-Snbm-´n¬ ap-lΩ - Z- v _m-h, Sn s - I ap-la - a - Z- v _-jo¿, dn-´. F-≥Pn-\o-b¿ Ip™m-en Ip-gn-∏p-dw,- dp-Jnb,- k-^n-b, k-^n-b,-ko\-Øv,- J-ad - p-∂o-k.

I-Zo-i h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ ao-Ø-se X-øp-≈-Xn¬ I-Zo-i (82). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b X-øp-≈-Xn¬ Ip-™-–p√ ap-kveym¿. a-°ƒ: Ip™-Ω-Zv lm-Pn, A-ssk\m¿, bq-k-^v, I-cow, ]mØp, B-bn-i, kp-sseJ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-_o-k, A-Ω-Xv, A-_v-Zp-¿-dlvam≥, sam-bv-Xo≥, Aeo-a, km-d, ^u-kn-b. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: sam-bvXp lm-Pn, A-ssk-\m¿ lm-Pn, Ip-™-–p-√ lmPn.

Ip-ªn-ap-l-½-Zv h-fm-t©-cn: ap-°n-e∏o-SnI-bn-se ]-cp-Øn-°m-embn¬ Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv (75). `m-cy: \-_o-k. a°ƒ: B-bn-i, iw-kp±o≥, dw-e, k-eo-\, _pjv-d, A-–p¬- k-emw, Pko-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bvXp-´n, Xm-ln-d, tIm-b, Ckv-am-Cu¬, k-do-\, AIv-_¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b _ocm≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ae-hn, _o-°p-´n, C-ømØp-Ωp, ]-tc-X-cm-b Ip™m-e≥, ]m-Øp-Ωp.

J-Zo-P Xm-\m-fq¿: A-co-°m-´v sN-dp-ta-te-Øv ]-Wn-°cp-≠n¬ J-Zo-P (56).

tam-l-\³ ]-ø-∂q¿: ]-ø-∂q¿ tImf-Pv dn-´. {]-^. I-t≠msØ sI hn tam-l-\≥ (66). Xm-h-sØ ]-tc-Xcm-b Sn Ip-™n-Ir-jvW≥ \m-b-cp-sS-bpw sI hn \m-cm-b-Wn A-Ω-bpsS-bpw a-I-\m-Wv. `m-cy: Fw Fw kp-tem-N\. a-°ƒ: ao-c (A-[ym]n-I-), kq-cy. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-tP-jv, at\m-l-c≥ (Zp-_-bv). ktlm-Z-c-߃: tcm-lnWn, a-√n-I, k-Xy-`m-a, \μ-\≥, I-cp-Wm-I-c≥, cLp-\m-Yv, a-Wn.

_mÀ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

sIm√w: _m¿ Po-h-\-°mc-s\ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c hmgn-®¬ Ip´-a-e ap-≠≥Nn-d ho-´n¬ a-Wnb-s‚ a-I≥ k-Pp(34)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Nn-∂-°-S-bn-se Un-Hm-dn-b‚¬ _m-dn-se Po-h-\°m-c\m-b C-t±-lw i-t¶-gv-kv \-K-dn-se H-cp ho-´nem-bn-cp-∂p Xm-akw. C∂-se cm-hn-se 6.45\v kao]-Øv ap-dn-bn¬ Xm-a-kn-°p-∂-h-cm-Wv ar-X-tZ-lw I-≠Xv. Pn√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰p-am¿-´-Øn-\v tijw ar-X-tZ-lw _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-SpØp. sIm√w Cu-kv-‰v t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

hr²³ Xq-§na-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

B-‰n߬: hr-≤-s\ ho-´n-\p-≈n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \ne-bn¬ I-s≠Øn. hm-a-\-]p-cw s]m-bv-I-ap-°v Nn-d°p-∂n¬ ho-´n¬ sIm-®-∏n (75)bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. `mcy: ]-tc-Xbm-b \m-cm-bWn. a°ƒ: tKm-aXn, s]m-Snb≥. B-‰n-߬ t]m-en-kv ÿ-e-sØ-Øn ta¬\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn®p. ar-X-tZ-lw Nn-d-bn≥Io-gv Xm-eq-°m-ip-]{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬.

A]-ISw I−v dn«. t]menkv ss{UhÀ Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

sIm-´m-c-°-c: sI.F-kv.B¿.-Sn.kn _-kv \n-b-{¥Ww-hn-´v ho-Sn-s‚ a-Xn-en¬ C-Sn-®p-I-b-dp-∂-Xp I≠v dn-´-. t]m-en-kv ss{Uh¿ lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw-aq-ew a-cn-®p. sIm-´m-c-°-c ]p-ea¨ In-g-t°-sX-cp-hv \-Kdn¬ N-¥-hn-f ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ a-Øm-bn (90) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-tem-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n-bn¬ \n-∂p sIm-´m-c-°-c-bn-te°p h-cp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ sI.F-kv.B¿.Sn.kn- th-WmSv _-kv sIm-´m-c-°-c-bn¬ ]-g-b sIm-√w-˛-sN-t¶m-´ tdm-Un¬ tem-´-kv P-Mv-£-\v k-ao-]w h-®m-Wv ho-´nte-°v C-Sn-®p-I-b-dn-b-Xv. C-Xv I-≠v Ip-g-™p-ho-W a-Øm-bn-sb D-S≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®p. lr-Z-bm-Lm-X-am-Wv a-c-W-Im-cWw. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ ho-Sn-s‚ ]-Sn-∏p-c-bp-sS ta¬-°qc-bpw Hm-Spw X-I¿-∂p. Hm-Sv _- n-te-°p sX-dn-®v Nne bm-{X-°m¿-°v \n- m-c ]-cn-t°-‰p. a-Øm-bn lr-Z-b-kw-_-‘-am-b A-kp-J-Øn-\v Nn-In-¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d™p. ]-tc-X-bm-b Nn-∂-Ω-bm-Wv `m-cy. a-I≥: ]-tcX-\m-b im-ap-h¬. a-cp-a-Iƒ: kq-k-Ω.

ho«p-tPm-en-¡nsS hr² Ip-g-ªpho-Wv a-cn-¨p

F-cp-ta-en: ]m-{Xw I-gp-Ins°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-™pho-Wv hr-≤ a-cn®p. F-cp-ta-en hm-g-°m-e ap-tØm-en tIm-f-\n-bn¬ sN-√m-a-‰w ho-´n¬ ^n-en∏n-s‚ `m-cy A-Ωn-Wn (72) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-t´msS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. Ip-g™p-ho-W-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øns®-¶n-epw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p.kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v: a-°ƒ: tPm-kv, tPm-bn, A-∂-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: eo-\, sP-kn, tkm-a≥.

a[y-hb-kvI³ tdmU-cn-In acn¨ \ne-bn ssh-∏n-≥: a[y-hb-kvIs\ tdm-U-cn-In¬ acn® \ne-bn¬ Is≠-Øn.- sN-dmbn cma-h¿Ω bq\n-b≥ sslkvIqfn\v Ing°v `mKØv Xma-kn-°p∂ C√n]-d-ºn¬ kptc-{μ(60)s‚ arX-tZ-l-amWv C∂se cmhnse sNdmbn ]t´-cn-Ip-f-ßc t£{X-Øn\v kao]w Is≠-Øn-b-Xv. ap\ºw t]menkv ta¬\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn® arX-tZlw t]mÃp-tam¿´-Øn\v tijw kwkvI-cn®p.- `mcy: Ia-em-£n. a-°ƒ: kptc-jv,-kp-`m-jv,-kptK-jv. a-cp-a-Iƒ: Pb-{io.

hr²- _-ÊnSn-¨p a-cn-¨p tIm-X-awK-ew:{]m¿Y-\m tbm-K-Øn-\v ti-jw ho-´nte-°v a-Sßnb h-tbm[nI _- v C-Sn-®p a-cn®p. Ip´ºp-g sIm-®p-\m-I∏p-g ]-tc-X\m-b ]m-d-∏pd-Øv B‚-Wn-bp-sS `m-cy t{X-ky(86)B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. tN-em-Sv \-S-°p-∂ {]m¿-∞\m-tbm-K-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Ø-tijw Xn-cn-sI ho-´n-te-°v a-S-ßp-tºm-gmbn-cp-∂p kw-`hw. C-h¿ h-∂ _- m-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn\n-S-bm-°n-b-Xv. _ ns‚ apºn-eqsS tdm-Uv ap-dn-®pI-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS _- v CSn°p-Ibpw Sb¿ tZ-lØp-IqSn I-b-dn-bn-d-ßp-I-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p. kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp-h-®pX-s∂ Ch¿ a-cn®p. t]mÃp-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-tijw ar-X-tZ-lw _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn-´p-sIm-SpØp. a°ƒ: t__n, tdm-kven, tacn, tUmfn, tPmkv, ]-tc-Xbm-b sU-bvkn. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-ΩnWn, ]u-temkv, A-K-kv‰n, tPm¿Pv, _nμp.

bph-Xn s]m-Å-te-äv a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn sh-¶nS-ßv: bph-Xn Xo- sIm-fp-Øn a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬. sh-¶nS-ßv a-\-°-S-hn-\p k-ao-]w am-tfm-Øv ho-´n¬ i-¶p-cp-hn-s‚ a-Iƒ iym-a(22) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. hym-gmgv-N D®-bv°v ti-jw ho-´n¬ B-cp-an√mØ k-a-b-Øv bph-Xn a-sÆ-Æ-sbm-gn-®v Xo sIm-fpØp-I-bm-bn-cp-s∂-∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d™p. A-Ωbpw A-®\pw G-I k-tlm-Z-c-\pw ssh-Io-´v ]-Wn I-gn-™v ho-´n-se-Øn-b-t∏m-gm-Wv kw`-hw Adn-bp-∂Xv.

X-sâ `m-cy-bp-sS a-c-W-¯n-\p Im-c-W-¡mÀ Im-gv-N \-ã-s¸-« kw-`-hw: K-tW-jv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-¸-\p-sa-¶v _n-Pp tUm-ÎÀ-s¡-Xn-tc tI-kv ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: X-s‚ `m-cy-bpsS a-c-W-Øn-\p Im-c-W-°m¿ K-tW-jv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-∏-\p-sa∂v _n-Pp cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥. Xncp-h-√ tIm-bn-∏p-d-sØ hy‡nbpsS ]-°¬-\n-∂v 60 e-£w cq] hm-ßn-b tI-kn¬ C-∂-se ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P-cm-°n-b-t∏mƒ am-[y-a-{]h¿-Ø-I¿-°v _n-Pp cm-[m-Irjv-W≥ \¬Inb IØn-emWv Cu ]cm-a¿iw. `m-cy c-iv-an-sb Xm≥ sIm-∂n-´n-√ F-∂-Xv F∂m-bm-epw ]p-d-Øp-hcpsa∂pw c-iv-an-bp-sS a-c-WØn-\v Im-c-W-°m-c≥ K-tWjv-Ip-am-dpw tPm-∏-\p-amsW∂pw IØn¬ ]d-bp∂p. ]-cm-a¿-iw C-ß-s\: ""F-

s∂ kv-t\-ln-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cnem-Wv im-ep-ta-t\m-\v C-{Xsbm-s° k-ln-t°-≠n-h-∂Xv. `m-cy c-iv-an I-gn-™m¬ Fs∂ C-{X-bpw kv-t\-ln-®-Xpw a-\- n-em-°n-b-Xpw im-ep am{X-am-Wv. B-cv ssI-hn-´m-epw A-hƒ F-s∂ ssI-hn-Sn-√ F∂p-d-∏m-Wv. A-h-fp-sS A-Ωbn¬ \n-∂v 20 e-£w hm-ßn-bXv t\-cm-Wv. ]-t£ F-s‚ _nkn-\- n-s\-°p-dn-t®m km-ºØn-I C-S-]m-Sp-I-sf-°p-dn-t®m im-ep-hn-\-dn-bn-√. Xn-I-®pw \nc-]-cm-[n-bm-b A-h-sf tIkn¬ \n-∂v H-gn-hm-°m≥ Rm≥ 164 ap-Jm-¥-cw tIm-S-Xntbm-Sv B-h-iy-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v (F-√mhn-[ sX-fn-hp-I-fpw k-

ln-Xw). Z-b-hp-sN-bv-Xv A-h-fpsS \n-c-]-cm-[n-Xzw a-\- n-em°-Ww. ]n.kn tPm¿-Pn-s\-bpw sh-≈m-∏-≈n-sb-bpw sI ap-cfo-[-c-s\-bpw Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xn-\p-ap-ºv H-∂m-tem-Nn-°pI. C-h¿-s°-Xn-tc am-\-\-jv-Sw sIm-Sp-°p-tºmƒ kw-km-cn°p-∂ sX-fn-hp-Iƒ F-s∂-¶nepw a-d-\o-°n ]p-d-Øp-h-cpw. F-s‚ A-Ω Cu tI-kp-I-fnse-√mw \n-c-]-cm-[n-bm-Wv''. F∂nßs\bm-Wv IØnep≈-Xv. im-ep-ta-t\m-s\ tI-kn¬ \n-∂p c-£n-°m\pw `m-cy c-ivan-sb sIm-∂n-´n-s√-∂p ÿm]n-°m-\p-amWv IØn-eqsS {ia-sa∂v Icp-Xp-∂p.

Ip-∂w-Ip-fw: Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ Xn-an-c i-kv-{X-{In-b°p hn-t[-b-cm-b-h¿-°v Im-gv-N \-„-s∏-´ kw-`-h-Øn¬ tUmŒ¿-s°-Xn-tc Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]men-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp. Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se t\-{X-tcm-K hn-`m-K-Øn-se tUm. sI B¿ {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am-dn-s\-Xn-tc-bm-Wv tI-sk-Sp-Ø-Xv. s]m-Xp-{]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-b ]n Un tPm-k-^v Ip-∂w-Ip-fw a-Pnkv-t{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ k-a¿-∏n® l¿-Pn ]-cn-K-Wn-®v tUm-Œ¿s°-Xn-tc tI-sk-Sp-°m≥ D-Øc-hv \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂m-Wv t]m-en-kv \-S-]-Sn. Pq-sse 22\pw B-K-kv-Xv

12\pw Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ Xn-an-c i-kv-{X-{In-b \-SØn-b F-´p-t]-cp-sS Im-gv-N-bmWv \-„-s∏-´-Xv. Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ ]-¥m-bn¬ hnP-b-e-£v-an, ]-g-™n A-bn∂q¿ ]p-Xp-cp-Øn _m-e≥, Cøm¬ h-Sn-\n-]-d-ºn¬ Ip-´-∏≥, B¿-Øm-‰v kz-tZ-in cm-P≥, Nq≠¬ sh-¶-f-Øv X-¶, Nn-‰™q¿ hn-im-ew, In-gq¿ kz-tZin c-hn, Xn-∏n-e-t»-cn ]p-Xp-ho´n¬ tam-fp F-∂n-h-cp-sS Im-gv-Nbm-Wv \-„-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v k-kv-s]≥-j-\n-em-b tUm-Œ¿-s°-Xn-tc a-\p-jym-hIm-i I-Ωo-j-\pw tI-sk-SpØn-cp-∂p.


Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2013-09-07