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thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

6 k]vXw-_¿ 2013 sh≈n

\-S-³ l-¡ow A-´-cn-¨p s]m-¡³

]-cy-bn- lm-Pn

ssa-ap

I-Zo-i

Ip-ª-½-Zv

am-[-hn

A-l-½-Zv

tPym-Xn-hm-kp

Ip-‰ym-Sn: h-f-b-∂q-cn-epw k-ao-]-{]-tZ-i-ß-fn-epw I¿-j-I kw-Lw sI-´n-∏Sp-°m≥ {]-h¿-Øn-® C-√Ø-d-I-≠n s]m-°≥ (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b \-Sp-hnse F-S-Øpw-th-en-°mØv Pm-\p. a-°ƒ: _m-e≥ (tIm-b-º-Øq¿), N-{μ≥ (ssa-\n-Mv B‚ v Pn-tbm-fPn, a-t©-cn), _m-_p, hn-ae, ssi-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tamfn F-S-t®-cn, c-Pn-j thfw, kp-a ]m-te-cn, Ip-™nt°-f-∏≥ tIm-tS-cn-®m¬, _m-_p hm-ey-t°m-Sv. k©-b-\w _p-[-\m-gv-N.

I-°-´n¬: ]m-Xn-cn-∏-‰ A-ßm-Sn-bn-se hym-]m-cnbpw ]-tc-X-\m-b A-cn-∏qf ]-d-º-Øv A-–p-√-bpsS a-I-\p-am-b ]-Sn-™msd ]m-d-s∏m-bn-en¬ ]-cybn lm-Pn (62). am-Xm-hv: a-dn-bw. `m-cy: B-ky l÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: ko-\-Øv. a-cp-a-I≥: a-tSm-sºmbn¬ A-iv-d-^v hm-Wnta¬ ({I-k‚ v ssl-kvIqƒ A-[ym-]-I≥). ktlm-Z-c-߃: F ]n AΩ-Xv, s\-√ym-ºp-d-Øv JZo-P, ]m-Øp Im-b-s°mSn, Ip-™m-an.

h-S-I-c: Xm-sg-A-ßm-Sn Np-≠n¬ ssa-ap (55). `¿Øm-hv: Np-≠n¬ l-k≥. a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp-∂m-k¿, A-–p-¬ a-\m-^v (Zp-_bv), am-ln-e, A-kvew, Xkveo-\, lm-^n-kv. a-cp-a°ƒ: \-ko¿ a-Wn-bq¿, _-Z-dp-∂n-k, d-kn-b Xnt°m-Sn, ^m-kn-e, ]-tcX-\m-b K-^q¿ h-≈n-°mSv.

h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ ao-Ø-se X-øp-≈-Xn¬ I-Zo-i (82). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Xøp-≈-Xn¬ Ip-™-–p-√ ap-kveym¿. a-°ƒ: Ip™-Ω-Zv lm-Pn, A-ssk\m¿, bq-k-^v, I-cow, ]mØp, B-bn-i, kp-sseJ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-_o-k, A-Ω-Xv, A-_v-Zp-¿-dlvam≥, sam-bv-Xo≥, Aeo-a, km-d, ^u-kn-b. ktlm-Z-c-߃: sam-bv-Xp lm-Pn, A-ssk-\m¿ lmPn, Ip-™-–p-√ lm-Pn.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: hn-øq¿ A-tcm-Øv-Xm-g am-[-hn (74). `-¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b D-Æ-c. a-°ƒ: Pm-\In, I-a-e, _m-_p, k-Poh≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b `m-kv-I-c≥, ]-tc-X\m-b tKm-]m-e≥, tl-ae-X, Pn-j. k-©-b-\w Rm-b-dm-gv-N.

_o-¡p-«n

Ir-jv-W-hm-cyÀ N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: dn-´. s]mXp-a-cm-a-Øv F≥-Pn-\ob¿ aq-°p-X-e hr-μm-h-\Øn¬ ]-\-ßm-´n-cn hmcy-Øv Ir-jv-W-hm-cy¿ (84). aq-°p-X-e t£-{X-]cn-]m-e-\ k-an-Xn {]-knU‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ktcm-Pn-\n hm-c-kym¿. a°ƒ: k-Xo-jv-Ip-am¿, kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, Ir-jv-WIp-am¿ (A-ta-cn-°). a-cpa-°ƒ: P-b, kp-io-e, \m\ (A-ta-cn-°).

am-hq¿: ]-≈n-tbmƒ Im™n-c-sØm-Sn A-l-Ω-Zv (67). ap≥ {Km-knw ss^_¿ Un-hn-j≥ Po-h-\°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ^m-Xzn-a. Ip-μ-aw-K-ew Un-hn-j≥ F-kv.-Un.-]n.sF. \n-tbm-P-I a-fiew {]-kn-U‚m-b A–p¬ A-ko-kv a-I-\mWv. a-‰p-a-°ƒ: kp-ss_Z (ap-≠-°p-fw bp.-]n. kvIqƒ), A-–p- -eow (Iyp-dm-kv Ão¬ tUm¿, Ip-‰n-°m-´q¿), km-ln-Z (Fw.-F.-Fw.-H, ap-°w). acp-a-°ƒ: apw-Xm-kv (^tdm-°v), _m-kn-Øv (A¬ _-\m-Øv, sN-dp-hmSn), km-Pn-Z In-gn-t»-cn, h-Zq-Zv d-lvam≥ ap-°w.

Ip-am-c-kzm-an: ]-tc-X\m-b F sI P-\m¿±-\s‚ a-I≥ aT-Øn¬-]p-dmbn¬ F sI tPym-Xn-hmkp (48˛-tIm-gn-t°m-Sv tIm¿-]-td-j≥ ss{Uh¿). A-Ω: k-tcm-Pn-\n. `m-cy: _n-Pn-\. a-°ƒ: k-Pn-\ (k-b≥-kv A°m-Z-an am-\m-©n-d), Io¿-Ø-\ (A-ar-X hn-Zym-ebw, X-e-°p-f-Øq¿). ktlm-Z-c-߃: ]-hn-{X≥ (tIm-gn-t°m-Sv, tIm¿-]td-j≥), kv-t\-l-e-X, k-Po-jv. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p aq-∂n-\v am-hq¿ -tdmUv iv-a-im-\-Øn¬.

I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: s]m-∑p≠w ho-cm-t»-cn-∏-Sn-bn-se ]p-Xp-°p-Sn ssk-Xm-en°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy _o-°p-´n (63). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, Zmhq-Zv, kp-sse-am≥, bq-kp^v, ^m-Øn-a, ssk-\-_, kp-sse-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, b-Av-Jq-_v, \m-k¿, dw-e, kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-i, \-^o-k. J-_-d-S°w C-∂p F-´n-\v s]m-∑p≠w Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

t]-cm-{º: Cu-Ãv t]-cm{º-bn-se sX-s°-]-dºn¬ Ip-™-Ω-Zv (38). Iq-Øm-fn k¿-ho-kv kl-I-c-W _m-¶v ssh-kv{]-kn-U‚ v, Iq-Øm-fn ]©m-b-Øv ap-kv-enw- eo-Kv J-Pm-©n, ]-©m-b-Øv hn-I-k-\ k-an-Xn AwKw, Iq-Øm-fn l-b¿-sk°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-ƒ ]n.-Sn.F. ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v, am-Wn-t°m-Øv ]m-S-tiJ-c k-an-Xn J-Pm-©n F∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®p-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: sse-e. a°ƒ: P-ko-e, P-kv-an-\, \-Pm ^m-Øn-a. k-tlmZ-c-߃: d-jo-Zv, kn-dm-Pv, ^u-kn-b. -

B-an-\-¡p-«n sIm-Sp-h-≈n: ]-\-t°m-Sv ta-te h-Sp-h≥-I-≠nbn¬ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n lmPn-bp-sS `m-cy B-an-\°p-´n(69). a-°ƒ: A–p¿-d-lvam≥, I-cow. a-cpa-Iƒ: jm-°n-d.

G-en-bm-½ Hm-a-t»-cn: th-fw-tIm-Sv Cu-¥-√mw-Ip-gn-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]-t{Xm-kn-s‚ `m-cy B-\-°p-gn-bn¬ Gen-bm-Ω (82). a-°ƒ: t_-_n, ^m. kv-I-dn-b, ]u-tem-kv, G-en-bm-kv, Hm-a-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: eo-e, ta-cn, km-dm-Ω, B-en-kv, tPm¿-Pv.

Ip-ªn-ap-l-½-Zv h-fm-t©-cn: ap-°n-e∏oSn-I-bn-se ]-cp-Øn-°mem-bn¬ Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv (_m-h˛75). `m-cy: \-_ok. a-°ƒ: B-bn-i, iwkp-±o≥ (_-lvdbv≥), dwe, k-eo-\, _p-jv-d, A–p¬- k-emw, P-ko-\. acp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp-´n, Xmln-d, tIm-b, C-kv-amCu¬, k-do-\, A-Iv-_¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b _o-cm≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-e-hn, _o-°p-´n, C-øm-Øp-Ωp, ]-tc-X-cm-b Ip-™m-e≥, ]m-Øp-Ωp.

A-½pA-½ \-Sp-h-Æq¿: aq-em-Sv \n-ch-Øv A-ΩpA-Ω (91). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm-f-∏q-´n¬ \m-cm-bW≥ In-Sm-hv. a-Iƒ: Pm\-In A-Ω. k-tlm-Z-c߃: F≥ Ip-™n-cma≥ \m-b¿, ]-tc-X-cm-b \m-Wn A-Ω, Hm-a-\b-Ω. k-©-b-\w _p-[-\m-gv-N.

_n-¿-¡p-«n I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: ]-d-h∂q¿ sh-Ãn-se ]-tc-X-\mb a-tø-cn ap-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´nbp-sS `m-cy sIm-√-Øv _nø-°p-´n (84). a-°ƒ: Ip™n-sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n (dn-´. {]-^-k¿.-Sn.-Fw.-Pn.-tIm-fPv Xn-cq¿), Ip-™-l-Ω-Zv-, A-_v-Zp¬ e-Øo-^v,- A_v-Zp¬- hm-ln-Zv, A-_vZp¬ ip-°q¿, D-Ωm-®p, Ip™o-a, ^m-Øn-a, A-aØp-d-io-Zv,- J-Zo-P. a-cp-a°ƒ: ssi-Jv- A-_v-Zp-√ sX-ø-ºm-´n¬, ]-tc-X-\mb -Ip-™-Ωp, A-Sn-bm´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv _m-h, Sn.sI.-ap-l-a-a-Zv _-jo¿, dn-´. F-©n-\o-b¿ Ip-™m-en Ip-gn-∏p-dw,- dp-Jn-b,- k-^nb, k-^n-b,-ko-\-Øv,- J-adp-∂o-k.

ap-l-½-Zv h-S-I-c: hn-eym-∏-≈n tNcn-s∏m-bn¬ B-e-bm-´v aoج ap-l-Ω-Zv (70). ]-dº-n¬ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv I-Ωn‰n Aw-K-am-Wv. `m-cy: Aeo-a. a-°ƒ: a-Po-Zv, kpss_¿, A-jv-d-^v, ^ukn-b, ap-\o¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-^o-k, k¬-a, k-do-\, l-^v-k-Øv.

cm-bn-³ H-Xp-°p-߬-:- kn-.]n-.Fw- a-‰-Øq¿- {_m-©w-Khp-w- I¿-j-I-kw-Lw- ]©m-b-Øv- I-Ωn-‰n- Aw-Khp-am-b I-Æm-´n- cm-bn-≥ (63).- - `m-cy-:- s\-^o-k.- a°ƒ-:- I-Zn-bm-a-°p-´n,- _jo¿,- sF-ip-Ωp.- a-cp-a°ƒ-:- Ip-™m-h- (A-®-\º-ew-),- l-ao-Zv- (F-S-cnt°m-Sv-),- dp-_o-\- (tIm-´°¬-).- J-_-d-S-°w- C∂p cm-hn-se- 10\v-.

Ip-ªm-an

lw-k- lm-Pn -

h-À-Ko-kv -

J-Zo-P -

l-ssk-\mÀ -

a-½-Zv

th-em-bp-[³- -

B-an-\-¡p-«n So-¨À -

\m-Zm-]p-cw: I-√m-®n-bnse X-øp-≈-Xn¬ aq-kbp-sS `m-cy Ip-™m-an (55). a-°ƒ: A-Ω-Zv, ss^-k¬ (C-cp-h-cpw Zp_-bv), ku-Z, \-^o-k, \Zo-d, km-_n-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Ω-Xv I-S-ta-cn, A-{¥p I-√m-®n, \m-k¿ I-S-tacn, P-Av-^¿ tN-e-°m-Sv, k-^o-d im-¥n-\-K¿, dmln-e Ip-Ω-t¶m-Sv.

]-d-h-Æ: ta-te-]p-d-Øv hf-∏n¬ lw-k- lm-Pn (82). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: ssk-Xm-en-°p-´n, A-–p¿d-lv-am≥-Ip-´n, \q-lv, P-aoe, k¬-a, _¿-d-Øv, \q¿P-lm≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lwk, ap-_m-d-Iv, tIm-b, apl-Ω-ZvIp-™n, km-Pn-Z, \ko-d, Pw-jo-d. J-_-d-S°w 10-\v ]-d-h-Æ sX-t°]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

I-cp-hm-c° - p-≠v: tI-cf F-tÃ-‰v tIm-bn-° h-St- °Xn¬ h¿-Ko-kv (75). `m-cy: dm-tl-eΩ - . a-°ƒ: tj¿fn, sU-bvk - n, sj-dn, tP-°_v (C-cp-hc - pw jm¿-P).a-cpa-°ƒ: tPm-bv, em-Pn, _o\, F¬-kn. k-wk - vI - m-cw C-∂p-®b - v° - v c-≠n-\v tI-cf-tØm-´w sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv Hm¿-Øt- Um-Ivk - v ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

Xm-\m-fq¿: A-co-°m-´v sN-dp-ta-te-Øv A-entam≥- lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ]-Wn-°-cp-≠n¬ J-Zo-P (56). a-°ƒ: jm-^n (A_q-Z-_n), ss^-k¬, \q¿-P-lm≥, \-Pv-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: _m-h-\p, k-ao¿. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v A-co-°m-Sv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

Xn-cq¿: tIm-´v Io-tg-SØn¬ l-ssk-\m¿. `mcy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: \u-jm-Zv (J-Ø¿), km_n¿ (a-kv-°-Øv), a≥kq¿, km-Pn-Z, Pm-kv-an≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tN-°p, dw-em_o-Kw, k-_v-eo-\, J-ZoP. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cmhn-se 10\v tIm-´v Pp-am-akv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

tX-™n-∏-ew: \otcm¬-∏m-e-sØ ]o-®who-´n¬ a-Ω-Zv (75). `mcy: ]m-Øp-Ω. a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, k-^nb, B-bn-i, kp-sseJ, kp-ss_-Z, \-ko-d, ap-l-Ω-Zv tIm-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: Pw-jo¿, kpssl¬.

F-S-°-c: D-∏-S {Km-a-Ønse sX-t°-S-Øv th-embp-[≥ (90). `m-c-y: Im-fn. a-°ƒ: KtW-iv-Ip-am¿, A-\n¬Ip-am¿, X-¶, Pm-\-In. acp-a-°ƒ: tI-i-h≥, Znhm-I-c≥, c-Pn-X, hn-P-bIp-am-cn. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-bv°v 12\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬.

A-co-t°m-Sv: ]-tc-X-\mb ]-¥-°-e-I-Øv ap-lΩ-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ]-≈n-∏-d-º≥ B-an-\°p-´n So-®¿ (86). a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ -P-_m¿, A–p¬ -ip-°q¿, B-bnim-_n, dw-em-_n. a-cp-a°ƒ: bp A-_q-_-°¿, k-eow, kp-l-d (JØ¿), B-cn-^.

lk³Ip-«n

sa-m-bv-Xo³

{io-P-b³

^m-¯n-a

ap-Ip-µ³ \m-bÀ

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n

A-Ðp-Ã

A-l-½-Zv-tIm-b

h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ tIm-c-ß≠n l-k≥Ip-´n (84). `mcy: Ip-™-en-a. a-°ƒ: \mk¿, _-jo¿, A-kv-ew, ^u-kn-b, ku-Z, ap-ssk_, \-ko-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ajv-d-^v, ap-kv-X-^, \m-k¿, _-jo¿, im-°n-d, k-do-\, Pp-ssh-cn-b.

\-cn-°p-\n: ho-cy-{ºw sX-s° Im-c-tØm´n¬ sam-bv-Xo≥ (79). `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: k-^n-b, ap-lΩ-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv C-øm-Sv, lm-P-d \Sp-h-Æq¿.

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: s]-cn-sßmfw ta-se C-øw-Ip-∂-Øv {io-P-b≥ (46). `m-cy: jmPn-X. a-°ƒ: {io-Pn¬, anYp≥. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\mb tKm-]m-e≥. amXmhv: tZ-hn (s]-cn-sßm-fw K-h. ssl-kv-Iqƒ ]m-N-IsØm-gn-em-fn).

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: a-ºp-dw sh-´-Øp-]o-Sn-I Ip-∂pIp-e-Øv Ip-™-e-hn-bpsS `m-cy ^m-Øn-a (70). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, _o^m-Øp, B-bn-i. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-°o-\, sam-bvXo≥.

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: ss]tßm-´p-]p-dw B-™n°-c ap-Ip-μ≥ \m-b¿ (60). `m-cy: Ip-´n-am-fp. a°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn-Øv, c-RvPp-j. k-©-b-\w Rmb-d-gv-N.

^-tdm-°v: tIm-´-∏m-Sw Ip-‰n-°m-S≥ Ir-jv-W≥Ip-´n (65). `m-cy: ]m¿-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: im-c-Z, B-\-μ≥, kXy≥, C-μn-c. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-{_-lva-Wy≥, A-PnX, Kn-cn-P, A-ø-∏-Zm-kv. k-©-b-\w 19\v. -

hm-Wn-ta¬: Nn-øq-cn-se Ip-f-Øn¬ A-–p-√ (66). `m-cy: _n-øm-Øp. a-°ƒ: dm-jn-Zv, B-bn-i, k-^o-\, dm-kn-\, dw-jo-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-ko-kv \-cn-∏-‰, A-iv-d-^v hm-Wn-ta¬, Ip™-Ω-Zv `q-an-hm-Xp-°¬, \u-jm-Zv hm-Wn-ta¬.

\-cn-°p-\n: ]m-e-Øv Ifw-sIm-≈n A-l-Ω-ZvtIm-b (73). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: k-^n-b, k-°o\, ss^-k¬, d-lo-\. acp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿ C-cp-h-≈q¿, ap-kv-X-^ a¶-S, A-ko-kv F-c-h∂q¿, k-^o-\ ]p-√m-fq¿.

hn sI G-dm-Sn A-´-cn¨p

ta-ep-tZym-K-Ø-sc sh-Sn-h-¨p-sIm-¶v ssk-\n-I³ Po-h-s\m-Sp-¡n Kp--h-ml-h-Øn: A-k-an-se [p-{_n Pn-√-bn¬ _n.F-kv.F-^v. `-S≥ c-≠p ta-ep-tZym-K-ÿ-sc sh-Sn-h-®p-sIm-∂ ti-jw Po-h-s\m-Sp-°n. H-cmƒ°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. C-t¥m-˛-_w-•m-tZ-iv A-Xn¿-Ønbn-se Im-h¬-∏p-c-bn¬ hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se-bmbn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. {]-`m-I-¿ an-{i-bm-Wv k¿-ho-kv ssd-^nƒ sIm-≠v D-tZym-K-ÿ¿-°pw k-l-{]-h¿-Ø-I¿°pw t\-sc sh-Sn-h-®-Xv. ti-jw an-{i kz-bw shSn-h-®p a-cn-®p-sh-∂v ap-Xn¿-∂ D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ ]-d™p. A-kn- v k-_v C≥-kv-s]-Œ¿-am-cm-b _m-_p-em¬, kp-tc-{μ≥ F-∂n-h-cm-Wv sIm-√s∏-´-Xv. sh-Sn-h-bv-]n¬ Hmw-{]-Im-iv F-∂ tIm¨-kv-‰-_n-fn-\m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. D-tZym-Kÿ-cpw an-{i-bpw X-Ωn¬ hm-t°-‰w \-S-∂-Xn-\p ]n-∂m-se-bm-Wv sh-Sn-h-bv-]p-≠m-b-Xv. kw-`-hsØ Xp-S¿-∂v D-∂-X _n.F-kv.F-^v. D-tZym-Kÿ¿ ÿ-e-sØ-Øn. I-gn-™ G-Xm-\pw am-k߃-°-Iw _n.F-kv.F-^n-ep-≠m-hp-∂ aq-∂m-asØ kw-`-h-am-Wn-Xv. ]-©m-_n-epw cm-P-ÿm-\nep-am-Wv C-Xn-\p-ap-ºv sh-Sn-h-bv-]v \-S-∂-Xv.

A-]-I-S-¯nÂ-s¸«v ZoÀ-L-Im-e-am-bn In-S-¸n-em-bn-cp-¶-bmÄ a-cn-¨p

cm-a-]p-cw: hm-l-\m-]-I-S-Øn¬-s∏-´v A-c-bv-°p-Xmsg kzm-[o-\w \-„-s∏-´v Zo¿-L-Im-e-am-bn In-S-∏n-embn-cp-∂-bmƒ a-cn-®p. tªm-°v-]-Sn ]-tc-X-\m-b A-ºe-°p-∂≥ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ a-I≥ lw-k(57)bm-Wv a-cn®-Xv. 25 h¿-j-߃-°p-ap-ºv ku-Zn-bn-¬-h-®p-≠m-b A-]-I-S-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p lw-k-°v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]cn-t°-‰-Xv. a-°ƒ: bq-k-^v (Zp-_-bv), ko-\-Øv, d-bvlm-\-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-^v-k-Øv, A-e-hn.

B-en

ssk-\-_

\m-cm-b-Wn

ap-l-½-Zv lm-Pn

a-t©-cn: F≥.F-kv.Fkv tIm-fP - v tdm-Un¬ aÆm¿-°m-Sv B-\a - q-fn kztZ-in sX-t°-∏p-dw B-en (87). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b Dssa-_, a-°ƒ: A-_p, apl-ΩZ- v l-\o-^ a-t©-cn, ap-lΩ - Z- m-en Im-™n-c∏ - pg, Pm-^¿, km-_n-Xv (Zp_-bv) ap-lΩ - Z- v dm-^n aÆm¿-°m-Sv, \-Zo-d, dw-e, Pm-kn. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-kokv sIm-®n, \n-km-ap-±o≥ a-t©-cn, _-jo¿ a-t©cn. J-_d - S- ° - w C-∂v 8.30\v a-t©-cn sk≥-{S¬ Pp-ama-kvP - n-Zn¬.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: Du-c≈q¿ \m-d-tW-cn ssk-\_ (72). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b \m-d-tW-cn sambv-Xp. a-°ƒ: Ip-™-ΩXv, D-a¿-Ip-´n, C-ºn-®m-en (_-lvd-bv≥), A-–p¿-dlvam≥, K-^q¿ (JØ¿), Ip-™m-an, i-co^. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-a¿ (I-cph-Æq¿), ap-kv-X-^ A-cn°p-fw (J-Ø¿), dw-e, \_o-k, d-l-Z, k-do-\, \ko-a. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tk-Xp-´n, l-k≥, A–p¿-d-lvam≥, lw-k.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: ]-¥-emb-\n ao-ج \m-cm-b-Wn (94). a-°ƒ: I-a-e, h-k¥, c-ho-{μ≥, ]-fln-\n, km-hn-{Xn, cm-P≥ (Kƒ^v), {]-k-∂. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-Ir-jv-W≥, t{]-aZm-k≥, Ip-™n-cm-a≥, cm-[, tdm-P, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™n-°-Wm-c≥. k-©b-\w Rm-b-dm-gv-N. -

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: s]-cn-bmwtXm-Sv ]m-em-bn Ip-≠pß-c ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn (73). `m-cy: a-dn-bw l-÷pΩ. a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, kpsse-J, A-–p¬-K -^q¿ (Zp-_-bv), ]-tc-X-\m-b B-in-^v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv ]q-\q¿, C Un A_p sIm-Sp-h-≈n, A-kv-and. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A–p-¿-d-lvam≥-Ip-´n, Assk≥-Ip-´n, A-_p.

c-ho-{µ³

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: ]-tc-X-\mb aq-k-bp-sS `m-cy Imtcm-fw sI Fw lukn¬ sI Fw _o-^mØn-a (65). a-°ƒ: kn-±oJv (A¬sF≥ hƒ-h°m-Sv P-am-A-Øv I-Ω-n‰n- Aw-Kw), \-^o-k. acp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿, kp-sse-J. k-tlm-Z-c߃: a-dn-bp-Ω, Ip-™nsam-bv-Xo≥ (dn-´. hn-t√Pv Hm-^nk¿).-

C-cn-°q¿: s]-cp-h-f-Øp]-d-ºv {Ko-jv-am tlm´epS-a Ip-fn-™-bn-se \o-em-t¶m-Øv c-ho-{μ≥ (48). ]n-Xm-hv: ssX-h-f∏n¬ Ip-™n-cm-a≥. amXm-hv: \o-em-t¶m-Øv am[-hn. `m-cy: ]n F-kv im¥. a-°ƒ: c-ay, tc-jv-a, {Ko-jv-a. a-cp-a-I≥: cq-t]jv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: kp[m-I-c≥, h-k-¥, \m-cmb-W≥, {]-Im-i≥.

_o-^m-¯n-a

]m-©m-en D-cp-h® - m¬: sI.]n.-B¿ \-Kd - n-se {io-\n-eb - Øn¬ ]m-d° - S- h - ≥ ]m©m-en (90). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\ - m-b Xp-øØ - v Nm-Øp. a-°ƒ: Z-bt- cmØv P-\m¿-±\ - ≥, kp-tc{μ≥ (F-kv.sF. I-Æhw kvt- ‰-j≥), \m-Wp, I-eym-Wn, ap-Ip-μ≥, ]pcp-jp, kp-aX - n, ]-tc-Xc - mb _m-e≥, k-tcm-Pn-\n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: k-tcm-Pn-\n, Pm-\p, Ko-X, kp-te-J, do-Ø, ssj-e, h¬k≥, ]-tc-X\ - m-b tKm]m-e≥.

F-bÀ C-´y-s¡-Xn-tc 14Im-cn-sb ]o-Un-¸n-¨ tI-kn tem-Iv A-Zm-e-¯v hn-[n bp-hm-hv A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap∂-dn-bn-∏n√msX bm-{Xm-k-a-bw am-‰nbXns\ XpS¿∂v bm-{X-°m-cn-°p≠m-b \-jvS- w \n-IØ - m≥ F-b¿ C-¥y hn-am-\-°-º-\n-s°-Xn-tc Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw s]¿-a-\‚ v tem-Iv A-Zm-e-Øn-s‚ D-Ø-c-hv. ku-Znbn-se In-Mv Jm-en-Zv B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂ tUm. kn-‘p c-Lp-\m-Yn-\v \-„-]-cnlm-cw \¬-Im-\m-Wv D-Øc - h - v. 2011 am¿-®v 30\p cm-hn-se 11\p ]p-d-s∏-tS-≠ F-b¿ C-¥ym hnam-\w ]p-ds - ∏-´X - v D-®° - v aq-∂n-\p ti-j-am-b-Xn-\m¬ kn-‘p-hn-\v b-Ym-k-a-bw tPm-en-bn¬ {]-thin-°m-\m-bn-√. C-Xn-\m¬ B-ip]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X¿ tUm-Œ¿-s°-

Xn-tc in-£m-\S- ] - S- n- kzoI-cn®p. C-°m-cyw Im-Wn-®p kn-‘p Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw s]¿-a-\‚ v temIv A-Zm-eØ - n¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-. kn-‘p k-u-Zn A-td-_y-bn-ep≈ tPm-kv C‚¿-\m-j\ - ¬ h-gnbm-Wv Sn-°s - ‰-Sp-Øn-cp-∂X - v. bm-{Xm-hn-h-c-߃ A-dn-bnt°-≠-Xv {Sm-h¬ G-P≥-kn-bmsW-∂ F-b¿ C-¥y-bp-sS hm-Zw A-Zm-e-Øv Aw-Ko-I-cn-®n-√. GP≥-kn h-gn Sn-°-s‰-Sp-Øm-epw bm-{Xm-hn-h-c-߃ A-dn-bn-°m\p-≈ _m-[y-X hn-am-\-°-º-\n°p-s≠-∂v D-Ø-c-hn¬ hy-‡am-°n. F-b¿ C-¥y 9,800 cq-] \jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw \¬-Im-≥ D-Ø-chn´p.

]-≈p-cp-Øn: {]m-b-]q¿-Øn-bmhm-Ø s]¨-Ip-´n-sb ]o-Un-∏n® tI-kn-se {]-Xn-sb t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xp. ]-≈p-cp-Øn I-t®-cn-∏-Sn G-d-\m-´v A-º-eØn-\p- k-ao-]w j-ao-dn(22)s\bm-Wv ]-≈p-cp-Øn kn.sF. hn Pn c-ho-{μ-\m-Yv t^m¿-´p-sIm-®nbn-se _-‘p-ho-´n¬ \n-∂v A-dkv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv. tXm-∏pw-]-Sn Igp-Øp-ap-´v Nq-te-g-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ am-Xm-]n-Xm-°-tfm-sSm-∏w hm-SI ho-´n¬- Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ 14Imcn-sb-bm-Wv C-bmƒ ]o-Un-∏n-®Xv. \m-ep-am-kw ap-ºv s]¨-Ip´n-bp-sS ho-Sn-\p- k-ao-]-sØ kplr-Øn-s‚ ho-´n-se-Øn-b bphm-hv s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-am-bn ]-cn-N-

b-s∏-Sp-I-bpw A-Sp-∏-Øn-em-hpI-bpw sN-bv-Xp. ]n-∂o-Sv s]¨Ip-´n-sb C-bmƒ ssew-Kn-I-ambn D-]-tbm-Kn-s®-∂m-Wv tI-kv. bp-hm-hp-am-bp-≈ {]-W-bw ]n-Xm-hv tNm-Zyw-sN-bv-X-Xn-s\Øp-S¿-∂p Xo-s°m-fp-Øn Bfl-l-Xy-°p {i-an-® s]¨-Ip-´n C-t∏mƒ F-d-Wm-Ip-fw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bnem-Wv. A-º-Xp- i-X-a-\w s]m≈-te-‰ s]¨-Ip-´n Kp-cp-X-cm-hÿ-bn-em-Wv. _-em¬-kw-KØn-\pw Ip-´n-Iƒ-s°-Xn-tc-bp≈ ssew-Kn-I- A-Xn-{I-aw X-Sb¬ \n-b-a-{]-Im-c-hp-am-Wv bphm-hn-s\-Xn-tc tI-sk-Sp-Øn-cn°p-∂-Xv. tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P-cm°n-b {]-Xn-sb dn-am‚ v sN-bv-Xp.

I-eym-Wn A-½ ]q-®° - m-Sv: In-gt- °-°c - Xm-t{Xm≥ ho-´n-se Be-t°m-Sn-®n Ieym-Wn A-Ω (99). `¿-Øm-hv: ]tc-X\ - m-b Xm-t{Xm≥ ho´n¬ I-Æ≥ a-Wn-bm-Wn-. a-°ƒ:]-tc-Xb - m-b IΩm-SØ - p, ap-Øm-Wn, Xºm-bn, _m-eI - r-jvW - ≥.

th-em-bp-[³ B-e-Øq¿: _m-¶v tdmUv ]-≠m-c-°m-Sv th-embp-[≥ (81). `m-cy: thi. a-°ƒ: h-k-¥, c-aWn,Kn-cn-P.

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: hn-iz-lnμp-]-cn-j-Øv ap≥ kwÿm-\ {]-kn-U-‚pw AJn-te-¥ym K-th-Wn-Mv Iu¨-kn¬ Aw-K-hpw `mc-Xo-b hn-Zym-`-h≥ tIm-gnt°m-Sv tI-{μ-ÿm-]-I sN-b¿-am-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ hn -sI -G-dm-Sn F-∂ sh-´-Øv Ip-am-c≥ G-dm-Sn-(89) A¥-cn-®p. kw-kv-Im-cw ]p-Xn-b-]m-ew iv-a-im-\-Øn¬ \-S-∂p. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b sN-dp-h-t»-cn cm-[-tIm-hn-eΩ. a-°ƒ: Ko-Xm-cm-a-N-{μ≥, c-am \-tc-{μ≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-a-N-{μ≥, \-tc-{μ≥ (-C-cp-h-cpw dn-´. -F-b¿t^m-gv-kv hn-Mv I-am≥-U¿). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X\m-b P-Ãn-kv hn -_m-e-Ir-jv-W G-dm-Sn, ]-tc-X-bmb A-Ωp-tIm-hn-e-Ω, hn -cm-[-tIm-hn-e-Ω. 1924¬ kn. -Ir-jv-W≥ aq- -Xn-s‚-bpw sh-´-Øv Ip-™n-°m-hv tIm-hn-e-Ω-bp-sS-bpw c-≠m-a-sØ aI-\m-bm-Wv P-\-\w. a-{Zm-kv {In-kv-Xy≥ tIm-f-Pn¬ \n-∂v _n-cp-Zw t\-Sn-b ti-jw apw-ss_-bn-se hn-hn[ I-º-\n-I-fn¬ tPm-en-sN-bv-Xp. C-¥ym kq-∏¿ Sb¿ I-º-\n- Hmƒ C-¥y P-\-d¬ am-t\-P-dm-bpw U¨e-]v S-tb-gv-kv U-b-d-Iv-S-dm-bpw tPm-en sN-bv-Xp. hn-can-® ti-jw tIm-gn-t°m-s´-Øn tZ-io-b {]-ÿm-\ß-fp-sS-bpw hn-hn-[ km-aq-ln-I kmw-kv-Im-cn-I kwL-S-\-I-fp-sS-bpw t\-Xr-ÿm-\w G-s‰-Sp-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. kn.-hn.-F≥ I-f-cn kw-Lw ÿm]-I≥ kn hn \m-cm-b-W≥ \m-b-cp-sS -in-jy-\m-bn-cp∂p G-dm-Sn. I-Æp-Iƒ tImw-{S-Ãv I-Æm-ip-]-{Xn-bnte-°v Zm-\w sN-bv-Xp.

Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp -a-cn-¨p

_-¥-Sp-°: Ir-jn-∏-Wn-°n-sS I¿-j-I≥ d-_¿-tXm´-Øn¬ Ip-g-™p-ho-Wp -a-cn-®p. am-Wn-aq-e-bn-se Xfn-t®-cn Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b-cm-Wv(65)- a-cn-®-Xv. _p-[-\mgv-N ssh-Io-´m-Wv kw-`-hw. `m-cy: ao-\m-£n-b-Ω.

tUm. ]-Xva-\m-`-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw -kw-kv-I-cn-¨p Nn-‰q¿: a-lm-cm-jv-{S K-h¿-W¿ sI i-¶-c\m-cm-b-W-s‚ `m-cym-k-tlm-Z-co `¿-Ømhpw \m-ep- ]-Xn-‰m-≠n-te-sd Kp-cp-hm-bq¿, Nm-h° - m-Sv ta-Je - b - n¬ B-Xp-ct- k-h\ - c - wK-Øv \n-d-™p-\n-¬-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X tUm. sI ]-Xva\ - m-`s - ‚a - r-Xt- Z-lw kw-kvIm-cn®p. I-dp-Ia - W - n aq-tØ-SØ - v X-dh - m-´ph-f-∏n¬ hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-kvI - m-cw. K-h¿-W¿ sI i-¶-c-\m-cm-b-W≥, Fw.F¬.F-am-cm-b sI A-Nyp-X≥, jm^n ]-dº - n¬, \-Kc - k - ` - m sN-b¿-am≥ C≥Nm¿-Pv F≥ i-¶-c-ta-t\m≥, sI.]n.kn.kn sk-{I-´-dn N-{μ≥, Un.kn.kn {]-knU‚ v kn hn _m-eN - {- μ≥, ap≥ Fw.]n IrjvW - {- ]-km-Zv, sI Pn ti-Jc - \ - p-Æn ]-s¶Sp-Øp. `m-cy: tUm. ]m¿-hX - n. a-°ƒ: tUm. e-£v-ao-tZ-hn, tUm. \n¿-a-e, tUm. cm-Pvtam-l≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-]n≥-ta-t\m≥, cm[m-Ir-jvW - ≥, tUm. im-en-\n sd-Õn.

tIm-´-bw: kw-hn-[m-b-I-\pw \-S-\pw an-an-{In I-emIm-c-\p-am-b l-°ow (sI F≥ A-_v-Zp¬ l-°nw dmhp-Ø¿-˛58) A-¥-cn-®p. izm-k-tIm-i tcm-K-sØ XpS¿-∂v tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ C-∂-se cmhn-se H-º-tXm-sSbm-Wv a-c-Ww. P-b-cm-Pv kw-hn[m-\w sN-bv-X Nn-{Xß-fn-se ÿn-cw km- ∂ n- [ y- a m- b n- c p∂ l-°ow I-em-`h≥ a-Wn-sb \m-bI-\m-°n Zn Km¿-Uv F-∂ Nn-{Xw kw-hn-[m-\w sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v. H-cp I-Ym]m-{Xw am-{X-ap-≈ kn-\n-a F-∂ \n-e-bn¬ Cu Nn{Xw {i-≤n-°-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. sIm-®n≥ I-em-`-h-\n¬ Aw-K-am-bn-cp-∂ l-°ow, tb-ip-Zm-kn-s‚ Km-\-ta-fI-fp-sS C-S-th-f-bn¬ an-an-{In A-h-X-cn-∏n-®m-Wv Iem-cw-K-tØ-°p h-∂-Xv. 1991¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b aq°n-√m-cm-Py-Øv ap-dn-ap-°≥ cm-Pm-hv F-∂ kn-\n-abn¬ a-t\m-tcm-Kn-sb A-h-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠v kn-\na-bn¬ A-c-tß-dn-. tPm-Wn-hm-°¿, ss]-Xr-Iw, a{¥-tam-Xn-cw, In-km≥, Hm¿-a- am-{Xw, Xn-f-°w, sh´w, c-kn-I≥, ]-´-W-Øn¬ kp-μ-c≥, Im-gv-N F-∂o kn-\n-a-I-fn-epw A-`n-\-bn-®n-´p-≠v. 1992¬ ]p-d-Øn-dßn-b P-b-cm-Pv kw-hn-[m-\w sN-bv-X tPm-Wn-hm-°dn-se am-^n-bm kw-Lmw-K-Øn-s‚ th-j-am-Wv C-t±l-Øn-s‚ {i-≤n-°-s∏-´ I-Ym-]m-{Xw. 2011¬ ]p-dØn-d-ßn-b \m-bn-I-bm-Wv A-h-km-\ -Nn-{Xw. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v ssh-Io-´v A-©n-\v tIm-´-bw Su¨ Xm-Pv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. tIm-´bw sIm-¥m-´p-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-hq¿ I-\n dmhp-Ø-cp-sS a-I-\m-Wv l-°ow. K-k¬ c-N-bn-Xm-hpw Km-bn-I-bp-am-b tZ-ho-ta-t\m-\m-Wv `m-cy.

Im-dpw Hm-t«m-dn-£-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bphmhv a-cn-¨p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: Im-dpw Hmt´m-dn-£-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v Hm-t´m ss{U-h-¿ a-cn-®p. ]øm-\-°¬ Ip-t∂m-Øp]d-ºv ho-cm≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS aI≥ k-eow (40) B-Wp acn-®-Xv. F-kv.Un.]n.sF ]-øm-\-°¬ {_m-©v sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn-cp∂p. sh-kv-‰v-ln¬ b-a-l tjm-dq-an-\-Sp-Øv C-∂-se cm-hn-se ]-Ø-c-tbm-sSbm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ Hm-t´m-dn-£ ]q¿-W-am-bpw X-I¿-∂p. k-eo-an-s\ D-S≥ sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶nepw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. am-Xmhv: Bb-Ω. `mcy: A-\nk-Øv _ohn. a°ƒ: sj-l-Zm ^¿-lØv, Z-n¬-jmZv, A-Pva¬. ktlm-Z-c߃: I-Ωp-t°m-b, A-–p¬ \mk¿, A–p¬ Z-dm¿, Jm-enZv, k-m-ln-d.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n ]-cn-t¡-ä ho-«-½ a-cn-¨p

\-cn-°p-\n: ss_-°n-\p ]n-∂n¬ Po-∏n-Sn-®p ]-cnt°-‰v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bncp-∂ ho-´-Ω a-cn-®p. F-c-h∂q¿ h-cm-c≥-Ip-≠n-bn¬ in-h-Zm-k-s‚(_n.-F-kv.F≥.-F¬.-) `m-cy A-PnX(46)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. a-°ƒ: Pn-Xn≥(_n.-sS-Iv. hn-Zym¿-Yn, Ip-km-‰v), AJn-j (π-kv-h¨ hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n, \-cn-°p-\n K-h. l-b¿sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iqƒ). ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Nm-Øp°p-´n. am-Xm-hv: I-eym-Wn. k-©-b-\w Xn-¶-fm-gv-N.

ss_-¡n-\p- ]n-¶n tem-dn-bn-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p -

a-t©-cn: sam-d-bq¿ hm-et©-cn-bn¬ ss_-°n-\p ]n-∂n¬ tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v bphm-hv a-cn-®p. h-≈p-h-{ºw A-Øn-°m-bn A-en-bp-sS a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv A-kv-ew (20) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ss_t°m-Sn-® tXm-c-∏ Pm-_ndns\(20) ]-cn-°p-I-tfmsS a-t©-cn P-\-d¬ B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v 12Hm-sSbm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. am-Xm-hv: kp-ss_-Z. k-tlm-Z-c߃: A-Pv-a¬, A-_v-j¿, l-kv\.

\m-ev X-e-ap-d I-− Ip-ªm-an l-Öp-½ bm-{X-bm-bn \m-Zm-]p-cw: 11 a-°-fpw \m-ep X-e-ap-d-I-fn-em-bn \qdn¬-∏-cw t]-c-a-°-fp-ap-≈ ]-d-º≥ Ip-f-ß-c Ip™m-an l-÷p-Ω (99) bm-{X-bm-bn. Ip-Ω-t¶m-s´ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]n sI A-Ω-Xn-s‚ `m-cy-bm-Wv. a°ƒ: sI hn Ip-™-_v-Zp-√ \m-Zm-]p-cw (hym-]mcn), ]n sI A-{¥p -lm-Pn, Ip-™m-en, C-{_m-low (hym-]m-cn), Ip-™n-∏m-Øp, A-bn-ip, a-dn-bw, ssk-\-_, B-ky, kp-lv-d, k-^n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Du-cw-ho-´n¬ a-Ωp, I-´-¶-≠n F kn a-Ωp, C-√-Øv A-_v-Zp-√, C-{_m-low hn-eym-∏-≈n, h-Æm-d-Øv kq-∏n-°p-´n, Nm-en¬ a-dn-bw, ssk-\-_ hn-eym-∏≈n, t]-d-tf‚-hn-S am-an, \-^o-k I-°w-h-≈n, ]tc-X-cm-b X-d-ho-´n¬ Ip-™m-en, ]-d-º-Øv aq-k. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: sI hn a-Ωp, C-{_m-low, A-bnip, ]-tc-X-\m-b sI hn Ip-™-_v-Zp-√ lm-Pn. \mZm-]p-cw sI.F-kv.F-kv D-S-a-I-fm-b bp hn \m-k¿, bp hn k-eow -lm-Pn F-∂n-h¿ t]-c-a-°-fm-Wv. a-øn-Øv h≥ P-\m-h-en-bp-sS km-∂n-[y-Øn¬ \m-Zm-]p-cw Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ a-d-hpsN-bv-Xp.

Im-c-¸m-d F-tÌ-äp-I-fp-sS ]m-«-¡-cmÀ d-±m-¡n Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: s\-√nbm-º-Xn-bn-se Im-c-∏m-d F, _n F-tÃ-‰p-I-fp-sS ]m´-°-cm¿ k¿-°m¿ d-±m-°n. I-cm¿ N-´-ß-fn¬ ew-L\w \-S-Øn-sb-∂p t_m-[ys∏-´-Xn-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-em-Wv \-S-]-Sn. B-bn-ctØm-fw G-°¿- h-cp-∂ Cu F-kv-t‰-‰p-I-fn-se `q-an k¿-°m¿ A-\p-a-Xn-bn-√msX ssI-am-‰w sN-ø-cp-sX∂pw F-kv-t‰-‰v Cu-Sp-h-®v hm-bv-] F-Sp-°-cp-sX-∂p-ap≈ \n-_-‘-\ ew-Ln-®-Xmbn I-s≠-Øn-b-Xn-s\-ØpS¿-∂v F-kv-t‰-‰v D-S-a-Iƒ°v h-\w-h-Ip-∏v t\m-´o-kv \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p.

s\-√n-bm-º-Xn-bn¬ ]m´-°-cm¿ ew-Ln-® F-kv-t‰‰p-Iƒ Xn-cn-®p-]n-Sn-°p-∂Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bm-Wv \-S-]Sn. Im-c-∏m-d F F-kv-t‰-‰v Cu-Sp-\¬-In 3.34 tIm-Sn cq] hm-bv-]-sb-Sp-Ø-Xm-bpw I-cm¿ ew-Ln-®v F-kv-t‰‰n¬ Sq-dn-kw dn-tkm¿-´v XpS-ßn-b-Xm-bpw I-s≠-Ønbn-cp-∂p. C-Ø-c-Øn¬ Icm¿ ew-L-\-߃ ap-∏-tXmfw F-kv-t‰-‰p-I-fn¬ \-S-∂Xm-bm-Wv k¿-°m¿ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. Im-cm-∏m-d F-kvt‰-‰p-I-fn-se 1118 G-°¿ `qan G-s‰-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠m-Wv k¿-°m¿ D-Ø-c-hn-d-°n-bncn-°p-∂-Xv.

\-h-h-[p Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn ]-ø-∂q¿: \-h-h-[p-hn-s\ `¿-Xrho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. A-∂q¿ I-≠-t°mc≥-ap-°n-se Sm-Iv-kn ss{U-h¿ k-Pp-hn-s‚ `m-cy B-im-eX(21)-bm-Wv -a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw ssh-Io-´v 6.45Hm-sS- kmPp-hn‚ am-Xm-hm-Wv C-h-sc Xqßn-b-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. Cu ka-b-w `¿-Øm-hv km-Pp ]p-d-Øpt]m-bXmb-n-cp-∂p. C-h-cp-sS hn-hm-lw I-gn™n-´v \m-ep am-k-ta B-bn-´p≈q. D-Up-∏n-˛-I-¥m-]p-cw kz-tZin-bm-Wv B-im-e-X. ]-n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cp-Wm-I-c sj-´n. am-Xm-hv: c-Xv-\m-h-Xn. k-tlm-Zc≥: cm-a-N-{μ sj-´n. ar-X-tZ-lw ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿´w \-S-Øn.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

6 k]vXw-_¿ 2013 sh≈n

\-S-³ l-¡ow A-´-cn-¨p _n-¿-¡p-«n

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W³

sam-b-vXo³- lm-Pn

Ip-ªn-ap-l-½-Zv

_o-hn

Ir-jv-W-hm-cyÀ -

A-ÐpÀd-lvam³ lm-Pn -

ap-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n

I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: ]-d-h∂q¿ sh-Ãn-se ]-tc-X\m-b a-tø-cn ap-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy sIm-√Øv _n-ø-°p-´n (84). a°ƒ: Ip-™n-sam-bvXo≥Ip-´n (dn-´. {]-^-k¿.-Sn.Fw.-Pn.-tIm-f-Pv Xn-cq¿), Ip-™-l-Ω-Zv-, A-_v-Zp¬ e-Øo-^v,- A-_v-Zp¬- hmln-Zv, A-_v-Zp¬ ip-°q¿, D-Ωm-®p, Ip-™o-a, ^mØn-a, A-a-Øp-d-io-Zv,- JZo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssi-JvA-_v-Zp-√ sX-ø-ºm-´n¬, ]-tc-X-\m-b -Ip-™-Ωp, A-Sn-bm-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv _m-h, Sn.-sI.-ap-l-a-a-Zv _-jo¿ (A-_q-Z-_n), dn´. F-©n-\o-b¿ Ip-™men Ip-gn-∏p-dw,- dp-Jn-b,- k^n-b, k-^n-b,-ko-\-Øv,J-a-dp-∂o-k. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v I-e-Øv 8.30\v a-tøcn-]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

]m-e-°m-Sv: A-ø-]p-cw {]-ao-f-\n-hm-kn¬ X-cq¿ Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b-cp-sS aI≥ sI tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvW≥ (70). ]n.U-ªyp.Un a-e-ºp-g C-dn-tK-j≥ hn`m-Kw dn-´: Po-h-\-°m-c\m-Wv. `m-cy: hn-im-em£n. a-°ƒ: {]-Zo-]v-Ipam¿, {]-tam-Zv-Ip-am¿ (awK-fw, a-e-∏p-dw), {]-k-∂Ip-am-cn, {]-im-¥v-Ip-am¿ (Zn-\-a-e¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: Pb, tc-Wp, A-\n¬-Ipam¿, c-ay. k-tlm-Z-c≥: hm-kp-ta-t\m≥.

Np-≈n-∏m-d: ]u-c-{]-apJ≥ Xm-Wn-tb-∏n¬ sambv-Xo≥- lm-Pn (52). ap-kvenw- eo-Kv ap≥ {]-kn-U‚mbn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ]m-Øp-Ω°p-´n. a-°ƒ: \m-k¿, apl-Ω-Zv j-co-^v, A-–p¬ l-ao-Zv, kn-±oJv (aq-h-cpw dn-bm-Zv), A-ssk≥, D-kvam≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, B-bn-ip-Ωp, ssa-aq-\, Bbn-im-_n, apw-Xm-kv, J-ZoP \-kv-dn≥.

h-fm-t©-cn: ap-°n-e∏oSn-I-bn-se ]-cp-Øn-°mem-bn¬ Ip-™n-ap-l-ΩZv (_m-h˛75). `m-cy: \_o-k. a-°ƒ: B-bn-i, iw-kp-±o≥ (_-lvdbv≥), dw-e, k-eo-\, _p-jv-d, A-–p¬- k-emw, P-ko\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp´n, Xm-ln-d, tIm-b, C-kvam-Cu¬, k-do-\, A-Iv_¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b _ocm≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-e-hn, _o-°p-´n, C-ømØp-Ωp, ]-tc-X-cm-b Ip™m-e≥, ]m-Øp-Ωp.

I¬∏-I-t©-cn: Ip-‰-n∏m-e-bn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b A-©p-I-≠-Øn¬ a-c°m¿-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy aW-°m-´n¬ _o-hn (65). a-°ƒ: l-\o-^, D-a-d-en, in-lm-_v, _n-ø-Ωp, d-knb, ap-\o-d, ^u-kn-b, ssd-lm-\-Øv. a-cp-a°ƒ: a-c-°m¿, A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿, in-lm-_v, A-_q_-°¿, A-øq-_v, d-knb, d-kn-b, jw-e-Øv.

N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: dn-´. s]mXp-a-cm-a-Øv F≥-Pn-\ob¿ aq-°p-X-e hr-μm-h-\Øn¬ ]-\-ßm-´n-cn hm-cyØv Ir-jv-W-hm-cy¿ (84). aq-°p-X-e t£-{X-]-cn-]me-\ k-an-Xn {]-kn-U‚mbn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn\n hm-c-kym¿. a-°ƒ: kXo-jv-Ip-am¿, kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿, Ir-jv-W-Ip-am¿ (Ata-cn-°). a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b, kp-io-e, \m-\ (A-ta-cn°). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂pssh-Io-´v \m-en-\v.

a-t©-cn: dn-´. ap≥ Xm-eq°v Hm-^n-kv Po-h-\-°mc≥ ]-tc-X-\m-b hm-dtßm-´v a-Ω-Xn-s‚ a-I≥ A-–p¿-d-lvam≥- lm-Pn (ssl-{Zp-Ip-´n ˛68). amXm-hv: C-Øn-°p-´n. `m-cy: B-ky. a-°ƒ: \m-k¿, A-–p¬ -d-jo-Zv, d-low dC-bm-kv, l-ko-\, km-PnX, k-do-\,P-ko-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: \-kv-do-\, _p-jv-d, jw-ko-\, A-–p-d-lvam≥, d-jo-Zv, _-jo¿, kndm-Pv.

h-≠q¿: Iq-cm-Sv sX-°pw]p-dw am-´m-bn ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-´n (75). `m-cy: ^m-Øna. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zm-en, kp-sse-J, A-–p¬- kemw, kp-l-d, dw-e-Øv. acp-a-°ƒ: X-kveo-a, A–p- -a-Zv, sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip´n. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cmhn-se H-º-Xn-\v sX-°pw]p-dw k-e-^n a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

Ieym-Wn

tZ-h-In

B-e-Øq¿: tXm-Wn-∏mSw sN-dm-t°m-´n¬ ]-tcX-\m-b th-em-bp-[-s‚ `mcy I-eym-Wn (94). a-°ƒ: Fw hn th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, I-a-ew. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Hm-a-\, hm-kp, c-°p-Æn, ]-tc-X\m-b ho-cm-≠n.

]-ø-∂q¿: cm-a-¥-fn Ip∂-cp Hm-W-∏-d-ºn-se ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-™p-ß≥ tI-fp-hn-s‚ `m-cy tImfn-bm≥ Cu-tcm-°n tZh-In (85). a-°ƒ: Pm-\In, c-Xv-\-h-√n, I-a-em£n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I-Æ≥, tI-fp.

]m-¯p-½ A-e-\-√q¿: Im-c tXm-c°m-´n¬ ]-g-tØm-´n-߬ ssk-Xm-en-bp-sS `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: ]m-Øp-Ω, B-ep, a-dn-b, ssk-\-_, A-_p.

_o-¡p-«n I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: s]m-∑p≠w ho-cm-t»-cn-∏-Sn-bnse ]p-Xp-°p-Sn ssk-Xmen-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy _o°p-´n (63). a-°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv, Zm-hq-Zv, kp-sseam≥, bq-kp-^v, ^m-Øna, ssk-\-_, kp-sse-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, b-Av-Jq-_v, \m-k¿, dwe, kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-i, \-^o-k. J-_-d-S-°w C∂p cm-hn-se F-´n-\v s]m∑p-≠w Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

am-Wn a-t©-cn: X-S-Øn-∏-d-ºv s\-√n-°m-sØm-Sn ]-tc-X\m-b th-em-bp-[-s‚ `m-cy am-Wn (85). a-°ƒ: im-c-Z, kp-{_-lv-Wy≥, C-μn-c, k-tcm-Pn-\n, cm-P≥,]-tcX-\m-b th-em-bp-[≥. a-cpa-°ƒ : cm-[, _m-e≥, im¥, N-¥p I-cn-°m-Sv, kpIp-am-c≥ s\-Sn-bn-cp-∏v, \fn-\n.

cm-bn-³

H-Xp-°p-߬-:- kn-.]n-.Fw- a-‰-Øq¿- {_m-©w-Khp-w- I¿-j-I-kw-Lw- ]©m-b-Øv- I-Ωn-‰n- Aw-Khp-am-b I-Æm-´n- cm-bn-≥ (63).- - `m-cy-:- s\-^o-k.- a°ƒ-:- I-Zn-bm-a-°p-´n,- _jo¿,- sF-ip-Ωp.- a-cp-a:- Ip-™m-h- (A-®-\A-c-hn-µm-£³ D-®n-IÀ-¯ °ƒº-ew-),- l-ao-Zv- (F-S-cnB-e-Øq¿: s\-∑m-d, Xn- t°m-Sv-),- dp-_o-\- (tIm-´cp-h-gn-bm-Sv sIm-S-a-cw sX- °¬-).- J-_-d-S-°w- Ct°-\m-b¿ ho-´n¬ A-c- ∂p cm-hn-se- 10\v- a-‰hn-μm-£≥ D-Æn-I¿-Ø Øq¿- Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv- J(86). `m-cy: ssl-am-h-Xn. _¿-ÿm-\n¬.

tIm-cpF.-B¿- \-K¿-:- sIm-f-∏pdw- ku-Øv- ap-X-e-ho´n¬- tIm-cp- (86)-.- `m-cyam¿-:- Pm-\-In,- ]-tc-X-bmb- am-[-hn.a-°ƒ-:- D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-≥ (kn-.]n-.Fw- sIm-f-∏p-dwku-Øv- {_m-©w-Kw-),Zm-k-≥,- k-\q-]v,- Ip-™ne-£v-an,- c-a-Wn,- kp-`mjn-Wn,- k-c-kz-Xn.- a-cp-a°ƒ-:- tNm-bn,- kp-{_lva-Wy-≥,- tam-l-\-≥,cm-a-N-{μ-≥,- cm-Pm-a-Wn,]p-jv-].- kw-kv-Im-cw- C∂p- cm-hn-se- 10\v- a-e-∏pdw- ap-≠p-]-d-ºv- iv-a-im-\Øn¬.-

a-dn-bm-½ C-cn-´n: sh-fn-am-\-sØ Xp-≠n-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tXm-a-kn-s‚ `m-cy a-dnbm-Ω(72). a-°ƒ: ta-gvkn, tPm-kv, tSm-an-®≥, B-en-kv, sd-Pn.

\m-cm-b-W³ A-e-\-√q¿: ]m-e-°m-gn Ip-‰n-°m-´n¬ \m-cm-bW≥ (80). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b Nn-∂.

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \m-bÀ am-ln: am-ln sd-bn¬-th kv-t‰-j-\v k-ao-]w Xmsg ]p-fn-bp-≈-Xn¬ Nm-a¶-≠n kn F-®v Ip-™ncm-a≥ \m-b¿ (64). ]≈q¿ kv-]n-∂n-Mv an¬ ap≥ Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-Wv. Agn-bq¿ a-fi-ew tIm¨{K-kv I-Ωn-‰n {]-knU‚ v, ]-≈q¿ kv-]n-∂nMv an¬ sF.F≥.Sn.bp.kn ssh-kv {]-knU‚ v ÿm-\-߃ h-ln®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ]-flm£n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: i-in-[c≥, P-b-cm-P≥, t{]-a, {]-ao-f, {]-ko-\, {]-hoW, k-t¥m-jv Ip-am¿ (akv-°-Øv).

]m-¯p-½

lw-k- lm-Pn -

h-À-Ko-kv -

J-Zo-P -

l-ssk-\mÀ -

a-½-Zv

th-em-bp-[³- -

B-an-\-¡p-«n So-¨À -

h-≠q¿: F-dn-bm-Sv I-√n߬ aq-tØ-S-Øv A–p¬ e-Øo-^n-s‚ `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ω (76). a-°ƒ: ]tc-X-\m-b A-–p¬ d-kmJv, k-^n-b, P-ao-e, ssa-aq\, ssl-Z-c-en, h-lo-Z, apwXm-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-l-ΩZv, ]-tc-X-\m-b D-Ω¿, DΩ¿, I-cow, l-_o-_. J_-d-S-°w C-∂p ssh-Io-´v 4.30\v.

]-d-h-Æ: ta-te-]p-d-Øv hf-∏n¬ lw-k- lm-Pn (82). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: ssk-Xm-en-°p-´n, A-–p¿d-lv-am≥-Ip-´n, \q-lv, P-aoe, k¬-a, _¿-d-Øv, \q¿P-lm≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lwk, ap-_m-d-Iv, tIm-b, apl-Ω-ZvIp-™n, km-Pn-Z, \ko-d, Pw-jo-d. J-_-d-S°w 10-\v ]-d-h-Æ sX-t°]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

I-cp-hm-c° - p-≠v: tI-cf F-tÃ-‰v tIm-bn-° h-St- °Xn¬ h¿-Ko-kv (75). `m-cy: dm-tl-eΩ - . a-°ƒ: tj¿fn, sU-bvk - n, sj-dn, tP-°_v (C-cp-hc - pw jm¿-P).a-cpa-°ƒ: tPm-bv, em-Pn, _o\, F¬-kn. k-wk - vI - m-cw C-∂p-®b - v° - v c-≠n-\v tI-cf-tØm-´w sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv Hm¿-Øt- Um-Ivk - v ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

Xm-\m-fq¿: A-co-°m-´v sN-dp-ta-te-Øv A-entam≥- lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ]-Wn-°-cp-≠n¬ J-Zo-P (56). a-°ƒ: jm-^n (A_q-Z-_n), ss^-k¬, \q¿-P-lm≥, \-Pv-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: _m-h-\p, k-ao¿. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v A-co-°m-Sv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

Xn-cq¿: tIm-´v Io-tg-SØn¬ l-ssk-\m¿. `mcy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: \u-jm-Zv (J-Ø¿), km_n¿ (a-kv-°-Øv), a≥kq¿, km-Pn-Z, Pm-kv-an≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tN-°p, dw-em_o-Kw, k-_v-eo-\, J-ZoP. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cmhn-se 10\v tIm-´v Pp-am-akv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

tX-™n-∏-ew: \otcm¬-∏m-e-sØ ]o-®who-´n¬ a-Ω-Zv (75). `mcy: ]m-Øp-Ω. a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, k-^nb, B-bn-i, kp-sseJ, kp-ss_-Z, \-ko-d, ap-l-Ω-Zv tIm-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: Pw-jo¿, kpssl¬.

F-S-°-c: D-∏-S {Km-a-Ønse sX-t°-S-Øv th-embp-[≥ (90). `m-c-y: Im-fn. a-°ƒ: KtW-iv-Ip-am¿, A-\n¬Ip-am¿, X-¶, Pm-\-In. acp-a-°ƒ: tI-i-h≥, Znhm-I-c≥, c-Pn-X, hn-P-bIp-am-cn. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-bv°v 12\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬.

A-co-t°m-Sv: ]-tc-X-\mb ]-¥-°-e-I-Øv ap-lΩ-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ]-≈n-∏-d-º≥ B-an-\°p-´n So-®¿ (86). a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ -P-_m¿, A–p¬ -ip-°q¿, B-bnim-_n, dw-em-_n. a-cp-a°ƒ: bp A-_q-_-°¿, k-eow, kp-l-d (JØ¿), B-cn-^.

tIm-c³

ap-l-½-Zv

im-´-Ip-am-cn

^m-¯n-a

ap-Ip-µ³ \m-bÀ

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n

A-Ðp-Ã

A-l-½-Zv-tIm-b

th-ß-c: I-t®-cn-∏-Sn AØm-Wn-°¬ (]-b-\w ]m-e-°¬) tIm-c≥ (57). `m-cy: kp-io-e. a-°ƒ: kq-cy, {io-P, kp-an-X. acp-a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv, aptI-jv, ss_-Pp.

cm-a-]p-cw: ]p-g-°m-´ncn I-√≥-°p-∂≥ apl-Ω-Zv (64). a-°ƒ: \-ko-a, ju°-Øv, lm-cn-kv (Pn±), k-ao-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lw-k, l-ao-Zv, D-ssa_, kp-^o-d.

Xn-cq¿: ssh-e-Øq¿ sN-e-hn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb th-°m-´v ]-c-ta-izc≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy s]-cp-fn im-¥-Ip-am-cn (62). a-°ƒ: {]-ao-f, _n-μp, {]-Zo-]v.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: a-ºp-dw sh-´-Øp-]o-Sn-I Ip-∂pIp-e-Øv Ip-™-e-hn-bpsS `m-cy ^m-Øn-a (70). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, _o^m-Øp, B-bn-i. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-°o-\, sam-bvXo≥.

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: ss]tßm-´p-]p-dw B-™n°-c ap-Ip-μ≥ \m-b¿ (60). `m-cy: Ip-´n-am-fp. a°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn-Øv, c-RvPp-j. k-©-b-\w Rmb-d-gv-N.

^-tdm-°v: tIm-´-∏m-Sw Ip-‰n-°m-S≥ Ir-jv-W≥Ip-´n (65). `m-cy: ]m¿-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: im-c-Z, B-\-μ≥, kXy≥, C-μn-c. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-{_-lva-Wy≥, A-PnX, Kn-cn-P, A-ø-∏-Zm-kv. k-©-b-\w 19\v. -

hm-Wn-ta¬: Nn-øq-cn-se Ip-f-Øn¬ A-–p-√ (66). `m-cy: _n-øm-Øp. a-°ƒ: dm-jn-Zv, B-bn-i, k-^o-\, dm-kn-\, dw-jo-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-ko-kv \-cn-∏-‰, A-iv-d-^v hm-Wn-ta¬, Ip™-Ω-Zv `q-an-hm-Xp-°¬, \u-jm-Zv hm-Wn-ta¬.

\-cn-°p-\n: ]m-e-Øv Ifw-sIm-≈n A-l-Ω-ZvtIm-b (73). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: k-^n-b, k-°o\, ss^-k¬, d-lo-\. acp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿ C-cp-h-≈q¿, ap-kv-X-^ a¶-S, A-ko-kv F-c-h∂q¿, k-^o-\ ]p-√m-fq¿.

hn sI G-dm-Sn A-´-cn¨p

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: hn-iz-lnμp-]-cn-j-Øv ap≥ kwÿm-\ {]-kn-U-‚pw AJn-te-¥ym K-th-Wn-Mv Iu¨-kn¬ Aw-K-hpw `mc-Xo-b hn-Zym-`-h≥ tIm-gnt°m-Sv tI-{μ-ÿm-]-I sN-b¿-am-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ hn -sI -G-dm-Sn F-∂ sh-´-Øv Ip-am-c≥ G-dm-Sn-(89) A¥-cn-®p. kw-kv-Im-cw ]p-Xn-b-]m-ew iv-a-im-\-Øn¬ \-S-∂p. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b sN-dp-h-t»-cn cm-[-tIm-hn-eΩ. a-°ƒ: Ko-Xm-cm-a-N-{μ≥, c-am \-tc-{μ≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-a-N-{μ≥, \-tc-{μ≥ (-C-cp-h-cpw dn-´. -F-b¿t^m-gv-kv hn-Mv I-am≥-U¿). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X\m-b P-Ãn-kv hn -_m-e-Ir-jv-W G-dm-Sn, ]-tc-X-bmb A-Ωp-tIm-hn-e-Ω, hn -cm-[-tIm-hn-e-Ω. 1924¬ kn. -Ir-jv-W≥ aq- -Xn-s‚-bpw sh-´-Øv Ip-™n-°m-hv tIm-hn-e-Ω-bp-sS-bpw c-≠m-a-sØ aI-\m-bm-Wv P-\-\w. a-{Zm-kv {In-kv-Xy≥ tIm-f-Pn¬ \n-∂v _n-cp-Zw t\-Sn-b ti-jw apw-ss_-bn-se hn-hn[ I-º-\n-I-fn¬ tPm-en-sN-bv-Xp. C-¥ym kq-∏¿ Sb¿ I-º-\n- Hmƒ C-¥y P-\-d¬ am-t\-P-dm-bpw U¨e-]v S-tb-gv-kv U-b-d-Iv-S-dm-bpw tPm-en sN-bv-Xp. hn-can-® ti-jw tIm-gn-t°m-s´-Øn tZ-io-b {]-ÿm-\ß-fp-sS-bpw hn-hn-[ km-aq-ln-I kmw-kv-Im-cn-I kwL-S-\-I-fp-sS-bpw t\-Xr-ÿm-\w G-s‰-Sp-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. kn.-hn.-F≥ I-f-cn kw-Lw ÿm]-I≥ kn hn \m-cm-b-W≥ \m-b-cp-sS -in-jy-\m-bn-cp∂p G-dm-Sn. I-Æp-Iƒ tImw-{S-Ãv I-Æm-ip-]-{Xn-bnte-°v Zm-\w sN-bv-Xp.

Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp -a-cn-¨p

_-¥-Sp-°: Ir-jn-∏-Wn-°n-sS I¿-j-I≥ d-_¿-tXm´-Øn¬ Ip-g-™p-ho-Wp -a-cn-®p. am-Wn-aq-e-bn-se Xfn-t®-cn Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b-cm-Wv(65)- a-cn-®-Xv. _p-[-\mgv-N ssh-Io-´m-Wv kw-`-hw. `m-cy: ao-\m-£n-b-Ω.

Im-dpw Hm-t«m-dn-£-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bphmhv a-cn-¨p B-en

ssk-\-_

\m-cm-b-Wn

ap-l-½-Zv lm-Pn

a-t©-cn: F≥.F-kv.Fkv tIm-fP - v tdm-Un¬ aÆm¿-°m-Sv B-\a - q-fn kztZ-in sX-t°-∏p-dw B-en (87). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b Dssa-_, a-°ƒ: A-_p, apl-ΩZ- v l-\o-^ a-t©-cn, ap-lΩ - Z- m-en Im-™n-c∏ - pg, Pm-^¿, km-_n-Xv (Zp_-bv) ap-lΩ - Z- v dm-^n aÆm¿-°m-Sv, \-Zo-d, dw-e, Pm-kn. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-kokv sIm-®n, \n-km-ap-±o≥ a-t©-cn, _-jo¿ a-t©cn. J-_d - S- ° - w C-∂v 8.30\v a-t©-cn sk≥-{S¬ Pp-ama-kvP - n-Zn¬.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: Du-c≈q¿ \m-d-tW-cn ssk-\_ (72). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b \m-d-tW-cn sambv-Xp. a-°ƒ: Ip-™-ΩXv, D-a¿-Ip-´n, C-ºn-®m-en (_-lvd-bv≥), A-–p¿-dlvam≥, K-^q¿ (JØ¿), Ip-™m-an, i-co^. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-a¿ (I-cph-Æq¿), ap-kv-X-^ A-cn°p-fw (J-Ø¿), dw-e, \_o-k, d-l-Z, k-do-\, \ko-a. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tk-Xp-´n, l-k≥, A–p¿-d-lvam≥, lw-k.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: ]-¥-emb-\n ao-ج \m-cm-b-Wn (94). a-°ƒ: I-a-e, h-k¥, c-ho-{μ≥, ]-fln-\n, km-hn-{Xn, cm-P≥ (Kƒ^v), {]-k-∂. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-Ir-jv-W≥, t{]-aZm-k≥, Ip-™n-cm-a≥, cm-[, tdm-P, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™n-°-Wm-c≥. k-©b-\w Rm-b-dm-gv-N. -

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: s]-cn-bmwtXm-Sv ]m-em-bn Ip-≠pß-c ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn (73). `m-cy: a-dn-bw l-÷pΩ. a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, kpsse-J, A-–p¬-K -^q¿ (Zp-_-bv), ]-tc-X-\m-b B-in-^v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv ]q-\q¿, C Un A_p sIm-Sp-h-≈n, A-kv-and. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A–p-¿-d-lvam≥-Ip-´n, Assk≥-Ip-´n, A-_p.

c-ho-{µ³ C-cn-°q¿: s]-cp-h-f-Øp]-d-ºv {Ko-jv-am tlm´epS-a Ip-fn-™-bn-se \o-em-t¶m-Øv c-ho-{μ≥ (48). ]n-Xm-hv: ssX-h-f∏n¬ Ip-™n-cm-a≥. amXm-hv: \o-em-t¶m-Øv am[-hn. `m-cy: ]n F-kv im¥. a-°ƒ: c-ay, tc-jv-a, {Ko-jv-a. a-cp-a-I≥: cq-t]jv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: kp[m-I-c≥, h-k-¥, \m-cmb-W≥, {]-Im-i≥.

_o-^m-¯n-a Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: ]-tc-X-\mb aq-k-bp-sS `m-cy Imtcm-fw sI Fw lukn¬ sI Fw _o-^mØn-a (65). a-°ƒ: kn-±oJv (A¬sF≥ hƒ-h°m-Sv P-am-A-Øv I-Ω-n‰n- Aw-Kw), \-^o-k. acp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿, kp-sse-J. k-tlm-Z-c߃: a-dn-bp-Ω, Ip-™nsam-bv-Xo≥ (dn-´. hn-t√Pv Hm-^nk¿).-

]m-©m-en D-cp-h® - m¬: sI.]n.-B¿ \-Kd - n-se {io-\n-eb - Øn¬ ]m-d° - S- h - ≥ ]m©m-en (90). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\ - m-b Xp-øØ - v Nm-Øp. a-°ƒ: Z-bt- cmØv P-\m¿-±\ - ≥, kp-tc{μ≥ (F-kv.sF. I-Æhw kvt- ‰-j≥), \m-Wp, I-eym-Wn, ap-Ip-μ≥, ]pcp-jp, kp-aX - n, ]-tc-Xc - mb _m-e≥, k-tcm-Pn-\n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: k-tcm-Pn-\n, Pm-\p, Ko-X, kp-te-J, do-Ø, ssj-e, h¬k≥, ]-tc-X\ - m-b tKm]m-e≥.

F-bÀ C-´y-s¡-Xn-tc 14Im-cn-sb ]o-Un-¸n-¨ tI-kn tem-Iv A-Zm-e-¯v hn-[n bp-hm-hv A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap∂-dn-bn-∏n√msX bm-{Xm-k-a-bw am-‰nbXns\ XpS¿∂v bm-{X-°m-cn-°p≠m-b \-jvS- w \n-IØ - m≥ F-b¿ C-¥y hn-am-\-°-º-\n-s°-Xn-tc Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw s]¿-a-\‚ v tem-Iv A-Zm-e-Øn-s‚ D-Ø-c-hv. ku-Znbn-se In-Mv Jm-en-Zv B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂ tUm. kn-‘p c-Lp-\m-Yn-\v \-„-]-cnlm-cw \¬-Im-\m-Wv D-Øc - h - v. 2011 am¿-®v 30\p cm-hn-se 11\p ]p-d-s∏-tS-≠ F-b¿ C-¥ym hnam-\w ]p-ds - ∏-´X - v D-®° - v aq-∂n-\p ti-j-am-b-Xn-\m¬ kn-‘p-hn-\v b-Ym-k-a-bw tPm-en-bn¬ {]-thin-°m-\m-bn-√. C-Xn-\m¬ B-ip]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X¿ tUm-Œ¿-s°-

Xn-tc in-£m-\S- ] - S- n- kzoI-cn®p. C-°m-cyw Im-Wn-®p kn-‘p Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw s]¿-a-\‚ v temIv A-Zm-eØ - n¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-. kn-‘p k-u-Zn A-td-_y-bn-ep≈ tPm-kv C‚¿-\m-j\ - ¬ h-gnbm-Wv Sn-°s - ‰-Sp-Øn-cp-∂X - v. bm-{Xm-hn-h-c-߃ A-dn-bnt°-≠-Xv {Sm-h¬ G-P≥-kn-bmsW-∂ F-b¿ C-¥y-bp-sS hm-Zw A-Zm-e-Øv Aw-Ko-I-cn-®n-√. GP≥-kn h-gn Sn-°-s‰-Sp-Øm-epw bm-{Xm-hn-h-c-߃ A-dn-bn-°m\p-≈ _m-[y-X hn-am-\-°-º-\n°p-s≠-∂v D-Ø-c-hn¬ hy-‡am-°n. F-b¿ C-¥y 9,800 cq-] \jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw \¬-Im-≥ D-Ø-chn´p.

]-≈p-cp-Øn: {]m-b-]q¿-Øn-bmhm-Ø s]¨-Ip-´n-sb ]o-Un-∏n® tI-kn-se {]-Xn-sb t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xp. ]-≈p-cp-Øn I-t®-cn-∏-Sn G-d-\m-´v A-º-eØn-\p- k-ao-]w j-ao-dn(22)s\bm-Wv ]-≈p-cp-Øn kn.sF. hn Pn c-ho-{μ-\m-Yv t^m¿-´p-sIm-®nbn-se _-‘p-ho-´n¬ \n-∂v A-dkv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv. tXm-∏pw-]-Sn Igp-Øp-ap-´v Nq-te-g-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ am-Xm-]n-Xm-°-tfm-sSm-∏w hm-SI ho-´n¬- Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ 14Imcn-sb-bm-Wv C-bmƒ ]o-Un-∏n-®Xv. \m-ep-am-kw ap-ºv s]¨-Ip´n-bp-sS ho-Sn-\p- k-ao-]-sØ kplr-Øn-s‚ ho-´n-se-Øn-b bphm-hv s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-am-bn ]-cn-N-

b-s∏-Sp-I-bpw A-Sp-∏-Øn-em-hpI-bpw sN-bv-Xp. ]n-∂o-Sv s]¨Ip-´n-sb C-bmƒ ssew-Kn-I-ambn D-]-tbm-Kn-s®-∂m-Wv tI-kv. bp-hm-hp-am-bp-≈ {]-W-bw ]n-Xm-hv tNm-Zyw-sN-bv-X-Xn-s\Øp-S¿-∂p Xo-s°m-fp-Øn Bfl-l-Xy-°p {i-an-® s]¨-Ip-´n C-t∏mƒ F-d-Wm-Ip-fw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bnem-Wv. A-º-Xp- i-X-a-\w s]m≈-te-‰ s]¨-Ip-´n Kp-cp-X-cm-hÿ-bn-em-Wv. _-em¬-kw-KØn-\pw Ip-´n-Iƒ-s°-Xn-tc-bp≈ ssew-Kn-I- A-Xn-{I-aw X-Sb¬ \n-b-a-{]-Im-c-hp-am-Wv bphm-hn-s\-Xn-tc tI-sk-Sp-Øn-cn°p-∂-Xv. tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P-cm°n-b {]-Xn-sb dn-am‚ v sN-bv-Xp.

I-eym-Wn A-½ ]q-®° - m-Sv: In-gt- °-°c - Xm-t{Xm≥ ho-´n-se Be-t°m-Sn-®n Ieym-Wn A-Ω (99). `¿-Øm-hv: ]tc-X\ - m-b Xm-t{Xm≥ ho´n¬ I-Æ≥ a-Wn-bm-Wn-. a-°ƒ:]-tc-Xb - m-b IΩm-SØ - p, ap-Øm-Wn, Xºm-bn, _m-eI - r-jvW - ≥.

th-em-bp-[³ B-e-Øq¿: _m-¶v tdmUv ]-≠m-c-°m-Sv th-embp-[≥ (81). `m-cy: thi. a-°ƒ: h-k-¥, c-aWn,Kn-cn-P.

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: Im-dpw Hmt´m-dn-£-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v Hm-t´m ss{U-h-¿ a-cn-®p. ]øm-\-°¬ Ip-t∂m-Øp]d-ºv ho-cm≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS aI≥ k-eow (40) B-Wp acn-®-Xv. F-kv.Un.]n.sF ]-øm-\-°¬ {_m-©v sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn-cp∂p. sh-kv-‰v-ln¬ b-a-l tjm-dq-an-\-Sp-Øv C-∂-se cm-hn-se ]-Ø-c-tbm-sSbm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ Hm-t´m-dn-£ ]q¿-W-am-bpw X-I¿-∂p. k-eo-an-s\ D-S≥ sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶nepw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. am-Xmhv: Bb-Ω. `mcy: A-\nk-Øv _ohn. a°ƒ: sj-l-Zm ^¿-lØv, Z-n¬-jmZv, A-Pva¬. ktlm-Z-c߃: I-Ωp-t°m-b, A-–p¬ \mk¿, A–p¬ Z-dm¿, Jm-enZv, k-m-ln-d.

ar-X-tZ-lw C-¶v \m-«n-se-¯n-¡pw

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: ku-Znbn¬ lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xwaqew a-cn-® aq-∂n-bq¿ ]m-d°m-hv hm¬-∏-d-ºn¬ Ip™n-ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ a-I≥ A-–p¬ d-Du-^n-s‚ arX-tZ-lw C-∂v \m-´n-seØn-°pw. cm-hn-se I-cn-∏q¿ hnam-\-Øm-h-f-Øn-se-Øn°p-∂ ar-X-tZ-lw D-®-bv°v 2.-30\v aq-∂n-bq¿ B-en≥-Np-h-Sv H-Sp-ßm-´v Pp-ama-kv-Pn-Zn¬ J-_-d-S-°pw.-

tUm. ]-Xva-\m-`-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw -kw-kv-I-cn-¨p Nn-‰q¿: a-lm-cm-jv-{S K-h¿-W¿ sI i-¶-c\m-cm-b-W-s‚ `m-cym-k-tlm-Z-co `¿-Ømhpw \m-ep- ]-Xn-‰m-≠n-te-sd Kp-cp-hm-bq¿, Nm-h° - m-Sv ta-Je - b - n¬ B-Xp-ct- k-h\ - c - wK-Øv \n-d-™p-\n-¬-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X tUm. sI ]-Xva\ - m-`s - ‚a - r-Xt- Z-lw kw-kvIm-cn®p. I-dp-Ia - W - n aq-tØ-SØ - v X-dh - m-´ph-f-∏n¬ hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-kvI - m-cw. K-h¿-W¿ sI i-¶-c-\m-cm-b-W≥, Fw.F¬.F-am-cm-b sI A-Nyp-X≥, jm^n ]-dº - n¬, \-Kc - k - ` - m sN-b¿-am≥ C≥Nm¿-Pv F≥ i-¶-c-ta-t\m≥, sI.]n.kn.kn sk-{I-´-dn N-{μ≥, Un.kn.kn {]-knU‚ v kn hn _m-eN - {- μ≥, ap≥ Fw.]n IrjvW - {- ]-km-Zv, sI Pn ti-Jc - \ - p-Æn ]-s¶Sp-Øp. `m-cy: tUm. ]m¿-hX - n. a-°ƒ: tUm. e-£v-ao-tZ-hn, tUm. \n¿-a-e, tUm. cm-Pvtam-l≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-]n≥-ta-t\m≥, cm[m-Ir-jvW - ≥, tUm. im-en-\n sd-Õn.

tIm-´-bw: kw-hn-[m-b-I-\pw \-S-\pw an-an-{In I-emIm-c-\p-am-b l-°ow (sI F≥ A-_v-Zp¬ l-°nw dmhp-Ø¿-˛58) A-¥-cn-®p. izm-k-tIm-i tcm-K-sØ XpS¿-∂v tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ C-∂-se cmhn-se H-º-tXm-sSbm-Wv a-c-Ww. P-b-cm-Pv kw-hn[m-\w sN-bv-X Nn-{Xß-fn-se ÿn-cw km- ∂ n- [ y- a m- b n- c p∂ l-°ow I-em-`h≥ a-Wn-sb \m-bI-\m-°n Zn Km¿-Uv F-∂ Nn-{Xw kw-hn-[m-\w sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v. H-cp I-Ym]m-{Xw am-{X-ap-≈ kn-\n-a F-∂ \n-e-bn¬ Cu Nn{Xw {i-≤n-°-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. sIm-®n≥ I-em-`-h-\n¬ Aw-K-am-bn-cp-∂ l-°ow, tb-ip-Zm-kn-s‚ Km-\-ta-fI-fp-sS C-S-th-f-bn¬ an-an-{In A-h-X-cn-∏n-®m-Wv Iem-cw-K-tØ-°p h-∂-Xv. 1991¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b aq°n-√m-cm-Py-Øv ap-dn-ap-°≥ cm-Pm-hv F-∂ kn-\n-abn¬ a-t\m-tcm-Kn-sb A-h-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠v kn-\na-bn¬ A-c-tß-dn-. tPm-Wn-hm-°¿, ss]-Xr-Iw, a{¥-tam-Xn-cw, In-km≥, Hm¿-a- am-{Xw, Xn-f-°w, sh´w, c-kn-I≥, ]-´-W-Øn¬ kp-μ-c≥, Im-gv-N F-∂o kn-\n-a-I-fn-epw A-`n-\-bn-®n-´p-≠v. 1992¬ ]p-d-Øn-dßn-b P-b-cm-Pv kw-hn-[m-\w sN-bv-X tPm-Wn-hm-°dn-se am-^n-bm kw-Lmw-K-Øn-s‚ th-j-am-Wv C-t±l-Øn-s‚ {i-≤n-°-s∏-´ I-Ym-]m-{Xw. 2011¬ ]p-dØn-d-ßn-b \m-bn-I-bm-Wv A-h-km-\ -Nn-{Xw. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v ssh-Io-´v A-©n-\v tIm-´-bw Su¨ Xm-Pv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. tIm-´bw sIm-¥m-´p-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-hq¿ I-\n dmhp-Ø-cp-sS a-I-\m-Wv l-°ow. K-k¬ c-N-bn-Xm-hpw Km-bn-I-bp-am-b tZ-ho-ta-t\m-\m-Wv `m-cy.

ss_-¡n-\v- ]n-¶n tem-dn-bn-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p -

a-t©-cn: sam-d-bq¿ hm-et©-cn-bn¬ ss_-°n-\p ]n-∂n¬ tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v bphm-hv a-cn-®p. h-≈p-h-{ºw A-Øn-°m-bn A-en-bp-sS a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv A-kv-ew (20) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ss_t°m-Sn-® tXm-c-∏ Pm-_ndns\(20) ]-cn-°p-I-tfmsS a-t©-cn P-\-d¬ B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v 12Hm-sSbm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. sIm-t≠m-´n t]m-en-kv tI-sk-SpØp. C≥-Iz-kv-‰n\p tijw t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-w sNbvX ar-X-tZ-lw h-≈p-h-{ºw Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬ J-_-d-S°n. am-Xm-hv: kp-ss_-Z. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-Pv-a¬, A-_v-j¿, l-kv\.

t]m-en-kv tÌ-j-\n Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp a-cn-¨p- -

tN-fm-cn: t]m-en-kv tÃj-\n¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-Ims\-Øn-b- a-[y-h-b-kv-I≥ Ip-g-™p-ho-Wp a-cn-®p. s]-cp-h-≈q¿ ]-d-ºn¬-]oSn-I-bn-se ta-se-sIm-S-t»cn ap-l-Ω-Zm-en- lm-Pn(55) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11Hm-sS tX-™n∏-ew t]m-en-kv tÃ-j-\nem-Wv kw-`-hw. C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ D-S-a-ÿ-X-bn-ep-≈ sI-´n-S-Ønse a¬-ky-hn¬-∏-\ H-gn-∏n-°p-∂-Xp kw-_-‘n-® ]cm-Xn-bp-am-bn- F-Øn-b-t∏m-gm-Wv Ip-g-™p-ho-W-Xv. t]m-en-kp-Im¿ Ct±-lsØ bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n sl¬Øv sk‚-dn-epw Xp-S¿-∂v Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn Xm-eq-°v Bip-]-{Xn-bn-ep-sa-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. ]-d-ºn¬-]o-Sn-I Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv- sk-{I-´-dn, Zm-dp -emw a-Zv -d-km I-Ωn-‰n- Aw-Kw, hm¿-Uv tIm¨-{Kkv sk-{I-´-dn -ÿm-\-߃ h-ln-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: k^n-b. a-°ƒ: d-Du-^v, j-^o-Jv (Kƒ-^v), a-lv-aq-Zv, sse-em-_n, \-Pv-a, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-kv-amCu¬, \-ko¿, dm-jn-Zv.- a-øn-Øv t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn\p-ti-jw C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v ]-d-ºn¬-]o-Sn-I Pp-apA-Øv ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ a-d-hp-sN-bv-Xp.

A-]-I-S-¯nÂ-s¸«v ZoÀ-L-Im-e-am-bn In-S-¸n-em-bn-cp-¶-bmÄ a-cn-¨p

cm-a-]p-cw: hm-l-\m-]-I-SØn¬-s∏-´v A-c-bv-°p-Xmsg kzm-[o-\w \-„-s∏-´v Zo¿-L-Im-e-am-bn In-S-∏nem-bn-cp-∂-bmƒ a-cn-®p. tªm-°v-]-Sn ]-tc-X-\m-b A-º-e-°p-∂≥ ap-l-Ω-Zns‚ a-I≥ lw-k(57)bmWv a-cn-®-Xv. 25 h¿-j-߃-°p-ap-ºv ku-Zn-bn-¬-h-®p-≠m-b A-]-I-S-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p lwk-°v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. a-°ƒ: bq-k-^v (Zp-_-bv), ko-\-Øv, d-bv-lm-\-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-^vk-Øv, A-e-hn. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 9.30\v cma-]p-cw a-l-√v Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n ]-cn-t¡-ä ho-«-½ a-cn-¨p

\-cn-°p-\n: ss_-°n-\p ]n-∂n¬ Po-∏n-Sn-®p ]-cnt°-‰v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bncp-∂ ho-´-Ω a-cn-®p. F-c-h∂q¿ h-cm-c≥-Ip-≠n-bn¬ in-h-Zm-k-s‚(_n.-F-kv.F≥.-F¬.-) `m-cy A-PnX(46)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. a-°ƒ: Pn-Xn≥(_n.-sS-Iv. hn-Zym¿-Yn, Ip-km-‰v), AJn-j (π-kv-h¨ hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n, \-cn-°p-\n K-h. l-b¿sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iqƒ). ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Nm-Øp-°p-´n. am-Xm-hv: Ieym-Wn. k-©-b-\w Xn-¶-fm-gv-N.

Im-c-¸m-d F-tÌ-äp-I-fp-sS ]m-«-¡-cmÀ d-±m-¡n Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: s\-√nbm-º-Xn-bn-se Im-c-∏m-d F, _n F-tÃ-‰p-I-fp-sS ]m´-°-cm¿ k¿-°m¿ d-±m-°n. I-cm¿ N-´-ß-fn¬ ew-L\w \-S-Øn-sb-∂p t_m-[ys∏-´-Xn-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-em-Wv \-S-]-Sn. B-bn-ctØm-fw G-°¿- h-cp-∂ Cu F-kv-t‰-‰p-I-fn-se `q-an k¿-°m¿ A-\p-a-Xn-bn-√msX ssI-am-‰w sN-ø-cp-sX∂pw F-kv-t‰-‰v Cu-Sp-h-®v hm-bv-] F-Sp-°-cp-sX-∂p-ap≈ \n-_-‘-\ ew-Ln-®-Xmbn I-s≠-Øn-b-Xn-s\-ØpS¿-∂v F-kv-t‰-‰v D-S-a-Iƒ°v h-\w-h-Ip-∏v t\m-´o-kv \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p.

s\-√n-bm-º-Xn-bn¬ ]m´-°-cm¿ ew-Ln-® F-kv-t‰‰p-Iƒ Xn-cn-®p-]n-Sn-°p-∂Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bm-Wv \-S-]Sn. Im-c-∏m-d F F-kv-t‰-‰v Cu-Sp-\¬-In 3.34 tIm-Sn cq] hm-bv-]-sb-Sp-Ø-Xm-bpw I-cm¿ ew-Ln-®v F-kv-t‰‰n¬ Sq-dn-kw dn-tkm¿-´v XpS-ßn-b-Xm-bpw I-s≠-Ønbn-cp-∂p. C-Ø-c-Øn¬ Icm¿ ew-L-\-߃ ap-∏-tXmfw F-kv-t‰-‰p-I-fn�� \-S-∂Xm-bm-Wv k¿-°m¿ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. Im-cm-∏m-d F-kvt‰-‰p-I-fn-se 1118 G-°¿ `qan G-s‰-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠m-Wv k¿-°m¿ D-Ø-c-hn-d-°n-bncn-°p-∂-Xv.

\-h-h-[p Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn ]-ø-∂q¿: \-h-h-[p-hn-s\ `¿-Xrho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. A-∂q¿ I-≠-t°mc≥-ap-°n-se Sm-Iv-kn ss{U-h¿ k-Pp-hn-s‚ `m-cy B-im-eX(21)-bm-Wv -a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw ssh-Io-´v 6.45Hm-sS- kmPp-hn‚ am-Xm-hm-Wv C-h-sc Xqßn-b-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. Cu ka-b-w `¿-Øm-hv km-Pp ]p-d-Øpt]m-bXmb-n-cp-∂p. C-h-cp-sS hn-hm-lw I-gn™n-´v \m-ep am-k-ta B-bn-´p≈q. D-Up-∏n-˛-I-¥m-]p-cw kz-tZin-bm-Wv B-im-e-X. ]-n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cp-Wm-I-c sj-´n. am-Xm-hv: c-Xv-\m-h-Xn. k-tlm-Zc≥: cm-a-N-{μ sj-´n. ar-X-tZ-lw ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿´w \-S-Øn.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

6 k]vXw-_¿ 2013 sh≈n

\-S-³ l-¡ow A-´-cn-¨p _o-^m-¯n-a

]m-©m-en

c-ho-{µ³

A-c-hn-µm-£³ D-®n-IÀ-¯ tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W³

I-eym-Wn A-½

\m-cm-b-W³

Ieym-Wn

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: ]-tc-X-\mb aq-k-bp-sS `m-cy Imtcm-fw sI Fw lukn¬ sI Fw _o-^mØn-a (65). a-°ƒ: kn-±oJv (A¬sF≥ hƒ-h°m-Sv P-am-A-Øv I-Ω-n‰n- Aw-Kw), \-^o-k. acp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿, kp-sse-J. k-tlm-Z-c߃: a-dn-bp-Ω, Ip-™nsam-bv-Xo≥ (dn-´. hn-t√Pv Hm-^nk¿).-

D-cp-h-®m¬: sI.]n.B¿ \-K-dn-se {io-\n-eb-Øn¬ ]m-d-°-S-h≥ ]m-©m-en (90). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Xp-ø-Øv Nm-Øp. a-°ƒ: Z-b-tcmØv P-\m¿-±-\≥, kp-tc{μ≥ (F-kv.sF. I-Æhw kv-t‰-j≥), \m-Wp, I-eym-Wn, ap-Ip-μ≥, ]pcp-jp, kp-a-Xn, ]-tc-X-cmb _m-e≥, k-tcm-Pn-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn-\n, Pm-\p, Ko-X, kp-te-J, do-Ø, ssj-e, h¬k≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm]m-e≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: am-[-hn, tcm-ln-Wn, ]-tcm-X-cm-b Nm-Øp, tKm-hn-μ≥, ANyp-X≥, Ip-™n-cm-a≥, Xm-e.

C-cn-°q¿: s]-cp-h-f-Øp]-d-ºv {Ko-jv-am tlm´epS-a Ip-fn-™-bn-se \o-em-t¶m-Øv c-ho-{μ≥ (48). ]n-Xm-hv: ssX-h-f∏n¬ Ip-™n-cm-a≥. amXm-hv: \o-em-t¶m-Øv am[-hn. `m-cy: ]n F-kv im¥. a-°ƒ: c-ay, tc-jv-a, {Ko-jv-a. a-cp-a-I≥: cq-t]jv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: kp[m-I-c≥, h-k-¥, \m-cmb-W≥ (Kƒ-^v), {]-Imi≥.

B-e-Øq¿: s\-∑m-d, Xncp-h-gn-bm-Sv sIm-S-a-cw sX-t°-\m-b¿ ho-´n¬ A-c-hn-μm-£≥ D-Æn-I¿Ø (86). `m-cy: ssl-amh-Xn. a-°ƒ: cm-Po-hv I¿Ø, kp-tc-jv, Zn-t\-jv, k-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: an-\n, e-fn-X, ]m¿h-Xn,a p-c-fn.

]q-®° - m-Sv: In-gt- °-°c - Xm-t{Xm≥ ho-´n-se Be-t°m-Sn-®n Ieym-Wn A-Ω (99). `¿-Øm-hv: ]tc-X\ - m-b Xm-t{Xm≥ ho´n¬ I-Æ≥ a-Wn-bm-Wn-. a-°ƒ:]-tc-Xb - m-b IΩm-SØ - p, ap-Øm-Wn, Xºm-bn, _m-eI - r-jvW - ≥. a-cp-a° - ƒ: km-hn-{Xn, ]tc-Xc - m-b A-ºq-™n, tKm-]m-e≥, Ip-™n-cma≥.

A-e-\-√q¿: ]m-e-°m-gn Ip-‰n-°m-´n¬ \m-cm-bW≥ (80). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b Nn-∂. a-°ƒ: P-bN-{μ≥, Km-‘-Ip-am-cn, A-Pn-XIp-am-cn, P-b-{]`, kp-an-{X, P-b-Ip-amc≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bW≥, tam-l-\≥, t__n, _n-μp, {]-`m-I-c≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-∏p-Æn.

B-e-Øq¿: tXm-Wn-∏mSw sN-dm-t°m-´n¬ ]-tcX-\m-b th-em-bp-[-s‚ `m-cy I-eym-Wn (94). a°ƒ: Fw hn th-Wp-tKm]m¬, I-a-ew. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Hm-a-\, hm-kp, c-°p-Æn, ]-tc-X-\m-b ho-cm-≠n.

C-{_m-low lm-Pn Im-™-ßm-Sv: ap-kvenweo-Kv t\-Xm-hv h-S-°p-]pdw C-{_m-low lm-Pn (63). eo-Kv ]p-√q¿-˛-s]-cnb ]-©m-b-Øv I-Ωn-‰n ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v, Fkv.-ssh.F-kv Ip-Wn-b im-Jm {]-kn-U‚ v, N-´©m¬ sd-bv-©v Pw-C-øØp¬ ap-A-√n-ao≥ IΩn-‰n J-Pm-©n, Ip-Wnb ]m-W-°m-Sv ap-l-Ω-Zen in-lm-_v X-߃ kvam-c-I Bw-_p-e≥-kv IΩn-‰n {]-kn-U‚ v Xp-Sßn-b ÿm-\-ß-ƒ hln-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ^mØn-a. a-°ƒ: ^u-knb, A-_q-_-°¿ (JØ¿), lp-ssk≥ (Zp_-bv), dn-bm-kv, dm-jn-Zv, B-_n-Z, d-ko-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: im-^n, A-–p-√, ap-\o¿, i-ao-a, km-Pn-X, l-ko-\. k-tlm-Z-c߃: A-l-a-Zv, A-Δm_n, ^m-Øn-a.

c-Xo-jv \o-dm-Sv: C-cp-∏-a-Æ C-√Øv hm-a-\≥ \-ºq-Xn-cnbp-sS a-I≥ c-Xo-jv (32). am-Xm-hv: am-[-hn-°p-´n A-¥¿-P-\w. k-tlm-Zcn: c-P-\n.

th-em-bp-[³ B-e-Øq¿: _m-¶v tdmUv ]-≠m-c-°m-Sv th-embp-[≥ (81). `m-cy: th-i. a-°ƒ: hk-¥, c-a-Wn,Kn-cn-P. a-cpa-°ƒ: Nm-ap-Æn, cm-P≥, ap-Øp.

]m-¯p-½ A-e-\-√q¿: Im-c tXm-c°m-´n¬ ]-g-tØm-´n߬ ssk-Xm-en-bp-sS `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ω (90). a°ƒ: ]m-Øp-Ω, B-ep, a-dn-b, ssk-\-_, A_p.

I-Zn-b a-¶-S: I-S-∂-a-Æ ]-tc-X\m-b ]-≈n-bm-en¬ Ip™o-s‚ `m-cy I-Zn-b (100). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, J-Zo-P, B-an-\, \-^nk, B-bn-j.

a-dn-bm-½ C-cn-´n: sh-fn-am-\-sØ Xp-≠n-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tXm-a-kn-s‚ `m-cy a-dnbm-Ω(72). a-°ƒ: ta-gv-kn, tPm-kv, tSm-an-®≥, B-en-kv, sdPn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tPm-bn, B-\n-kv, A-∏-®≥, sPkn, _n-μp.

]m-e-°m-Sv: A-ø-]p-cw {]-ao-f \n-hm-kn¬ Xcq¿ Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b-cpsS a-I≥ sI tKm-]m-eIr-jv-W≥ (70). ]n.Uªyp.Un a-e-ºp-g C-dntK-j≥ hn-`m-Kw dn-´. Poh-\-°m-c-\m-Wv. `m-cy: hn-im-em-£n. a-°ƒ: {]Zo-]v-Ip-am¿ (tIm-gnt°m-Sv), {]-tam-Zv-Ip-am¿ (aw-K-fw, a-e-∏p-dw), {]k-∂-Ip-am-cn, {]-im-¥vIp-am¿ (Zn-\-a-e¿). a-cp-a°ƒ: P-b, tc-Wp, A\n¬-Ip-am¿, c-ay. ktlm-Z-c≥: hm-kp-tat\m≥.

d-low

s]m-∂m-\n: h-≠n-t∏-´°p k-ao-]w ]m-e-°¬ dlow (24). ]-ø-∂q¿: cm-a-¥-fn Ip∂-cp Hm-W-∏-d-ºn-se ]- Nm-W-bn-se tlmtc-X-\m-b Ip-™p-ß≥ ´¬sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-bn-cptI-fp-hn-s‚ `m-cy tIm-fn- ∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\mbm≥ Cu-tcm-°n tZ-h-In b sam-bv-Xo≥-_m-h. amXm-hv: sF-io-_n. `m-cy: (85). d-kn-b. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv a-°ƒ: Pm-\-In, c-Xv-\-h- d-k¬, k¬-am-\p¬ ^m√n, I-a-em-£n. a-cp-acn-kv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: d°ƒ: I-Æ≥, tI-fp. jo-Zv, d-ko-\.

tZ-h-In

cm-a³ -

sam-Ih - q¿: ]-tc-X\ - m-b sIm-gº - p-dØ - v th-em-bp[-s‚ a-Iƒ A-\n-XI - pam-cn (46). `¿-Øm-hv: cLp-\m-Yv (a-[y-{]-tZ-iv). am-Xm-hv: N-{μ-aX - n. ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ - : A-Pn-XI - pam-cn, l-co-jvI - p-am¿, hnt\m-Zn-\n, k-t¥m-jvI - pam¿.

F-S-h-Æ-∏m-d: Hm-am\q¿ ]p-Xp-°p-Sn cm-a≥ (65). `m-cy: im-¥. a°ƒ: hn-P-b, t_-_n, {]n-b-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: `mkv-I-c≥, kp-`m-jv-N{μ≥ (_-l-vdbv≥), kpIp-am-c≥. k-tlm-Z-c߃: A-∏p (dn-´. t]men-kv k-_v C≥-kv-s]Œ¿), ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶c≥.

a-½p -

ap-l-½-Zv -

th-ßc - : ]q-t®m-ea - m-Sv ]pXp-°n-Sn a-Ωp (60). `m-cy: Xm-´b - n¬ \-^o-k. a°ƒ: d-lva - Ø - v, kp-lvd - , km-Zn-Je - n.

Ip-\n-bn¬: ta-em-]-dºn¬ Im-cm-´n¬ ap-l-ΩZv (69). `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: ap_-jn¿, ap≥-jn-Z.

A-\n-X-Ip-am-cn

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \m-bÀ am-ln: am-ln sd-bn¬-th kv-t‰-j-\v k-ao-]w Xmsg ]p-fn-bp-≈-Xn¬ Nm-a¶-≠n kn F-®v Ip-™ncm-a≥ \m-b¿ (64). ]≈q¿ kv-]n-∂n-Mv an¬ ap≥ Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-Wv. Agn-bq¿ a-fi-ew tIm¨{K-kv I-Ωn-‰n {]-knU‚ v, ]-≈q¿ kv-]n-∂nMv an¬ sF.F≥.Sn.bp.kn ssh-kv {]-knU‚ v ÿm-\-߃ h-ln®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ]-flm£n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: i-in-[c≥, P-b-cm-P≥, t{]-a, {]-ao-f, {]-ko-\, {]-hoW, k-t¥m-jv Ip-am¿ (akv-°-Øv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥, hn-P-b-Ipam¿ (ku-Zn), {]-Zo-]≥ (sN-ss∂), Kw-Km-[-c≥, c-a, A-Pn-X, [-\-e-£v-an.

]p-cp-tjm-¯-a³ \-¼ymÀ

am-Xp

Ip-am-c³

cm-[m-Ir-jv-W Ip-dp-¸v

kzm-an-\m-Y³

aq-k-t¡m-b

ssk-X-e-hn lm-Pn-

C-cn-´n: ]p-∂m-Sv aTØn¬ h-f-hn¬ sN-dnb-Øv ]p-cp-tjm-Øa≥ \-ºym¿ (80). ktlm-Z-c-߃: am-[-hn, tZ-h-In, {]-`m-I-c≥ \ºym¿, im-¥, cm-Lh≥ \-ºym¿.

sNm-¢n: ]-∂y-∂q¿ aoØ-se tIm-tøm-´p-Ω¬ am-Xp (74). `¿-Øm-hv: DÆn. a-°ƒ: _m-_p, t_-_n, N-{μn-I, i-in, _n-μp, _o-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: kzm-an-Zm-k≥, ]hn-{X≥, _n-Pp, im-cn-I.

am-\-¥-hm-Sn: I-Wn-bmcw ]-≈n-a-S-Øn¬ Ipam-c≥ (84). `m-cy: im-cZ. a-°ƒ: iym-a-f, taml-\≥, jm-Pn, k-Poh≥ (sI.F-kv.C._n am-\-¥-hm-Sn), kp-\n¬Ip-am¿, {io-\n-hm-k≥, {io-P.

cm-P-]p-cw: _-fmw-tXm-Sv hm-Xn¬-am-Sn cm-Po-hv`-h\n¬ cm-[m-Ir-jv-W-Ipdp-∏v F-∂ cm-P≥ ]n-≈ (59). `m-cy: iym-a-f AΩ. a-°ƒ: cm-Po-hv, c-RvPn-\n, c-Rv-Pn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: kn-\n¬cm-Pv, tKm]m-e≥, Hm-a-\.

B-e-Øq¿: ]p-Xn-b-¶w sN-dp-X-d dn-´. sI.Fkv.C._n.Po-h-\-°m-c≥ kzm-an-\m-Y≥ (79). `mcy: kp-μ-c-Ωmƒ. a-°ƒ: P-e-P,in-h-Ip-am¿, kptc-jv, h-\-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-μ¿, `-h-Zm-k≥, A\n-X, {]-k-∂.

a-S-hq¿: s]m-bn¬-Xm-gsØ ]p-dm-bn¬ aq-kt°m-b(62). `m-cy: Aeo-a. a-°ƒ: d-^oJv(_-lv-d-bv≥), dw-e, dko-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-ko\, A-ssk≥ Im-hn-epΩm-cw, C-kv-am-Cu¬ ]p-√m-fq¿. k-tlm-Z-c߃: B-en-°p-´n, amap, C-tØym-a, I-Zo-i, A-eo-a, ssk-\-_, ]mØp-´n, _p-jv-d, j-do-\, km-ln-Z.

]q-t°m-´q-¿: I-cp-ºn-¬ ssk-X-e-hn lm-Pn (64). Kq-U-√q-¿ Pn.-sF.-F-^v. ÿm-]-\ D-S-a-bm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: dp-Jn-b. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv (Pn-km-≥), kp-lv-d, B-an-\, km-PnZ, d-kn-b, h-lo-Z, Bkn-¿ k-l-¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-e-hn tIm-´ Nn-dbn-¬, sam-bv-Xo-≥ AØm-Wn-°-¬, \m-k-¿ ]-≈n-∏-Sn, ap-Po-_v d-lvam-≥ sam-d-bq-¿, Xm-Pp-±o≥ A-cn-{º. k-tlm-Z-cß-ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zm-Pn (Pn.Pn.-Sn.), I-cow (Pn-km≥), J-Zo-P, lw-k (Pnkm-≥).

tPm¬

tKm-]m-e³

ap-l-½-Zv

cm-a³ sN-«ymÀ

h-S-I-c: B-Zy-Ime tIm¨-{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI≥ a-Wn-bq¿ Xp-d-t»-cn°-S-hv sN-dn-b Xp-cp-Ønbn¬ tKm-]m-e≥ (87). `m-cy: b-tim-Z (h-S-I-c). a-°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, hn-P-b≥, i-in, k-Xo-i≥, Ip-™n-t°f-∏≥, ssi-e-P, c-hn.

h-≠q¿: im-¥n-\-K¿ hm-g-°m-S≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (80).`m-cy-am¿: km-Pn-X, ]-tc-X-bm-b ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ A-kokv, A-–p¬- k-emw, Pao-e, ssa-aq-\, _-jo¿, \-Po-_v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: dw-eØv, kp-sse-J, apw-Xmkv, A-kv-am-_n.

_m-ep-t»-cn: ]p-Øq¿-h´w In-W-dp-≈-Xn¬ cma≥ sN-´ym-¿ (70). `m-cy: e-£v-an. a-°ƒ: `m-kv-Ic≥ (U-]yq-´n U-b-dŒ¿, Sq-dn-kw), k-l-tZ-h≥ (kn.sP .Fw tIm-S-Xn, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), k-Xy≥ (t]m-en-kv Xm-a-c-t»-cn), k-Po-hvIp-am¿, e-fn-X, t_-_n b-ap-\.

Iq-S-c-™n: aT-Øn-∏-dºn¬ tPm¨ (61). `mcy: en-kn. a-°ƒ: {ioP, jn-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Asam-bv-Xo³ -lm-Pn Ip-ªn-cm-a³ A-e-hn- lm-Pn th-ß-c: ]-d-∏q-cv I-\-dm- I¬∏-Øq¿: hm-ey-t°m- tIm-dm-Sv: tIm-dm-Sv a-l-√v \o-jv (Iq-cm-®p-≠v), A_m-¶n-\p k-ao-]w ]q-t®- Sv I-cp-hm-¶-≠n Ip-™nI-Ωn-‰n ap≥ `m-c-hm-ln-bpw \o-jv (]p-∂-°¬). ߬ sam-bv-Xo≥- lm-Pn cm-a≥ (86). B-Zy-Im-e Pn.Fw.F¬.]n kv-Iqƒ (80). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b hym-]m-cn-bpw hm-eyap≥ ]n.Sn.F {]-kn-U-‚p- Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv C-Øo-a. a-°ƒ: A-–p¿-d- t°m-Sv ]m-S-ti-J-c- k-an- am-bn-cp-∂ s\m-´w ho-´n¬ h-≠q¿: ]-g-b hm-Wnlvam≥-Ip-´n, A-–p-√, A- Xn `m-c-hm-ln-bp-am-bn-cpA-e-hn lm-Pn (80). `m-cy: b-º-ew I-cp-hm-S≥ Ipe-hn, \-^o-k, kp-ss_- ∂p. ]-g-b-Im-e tIm¨\-^o-k. a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp, ™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv (IpZ, J-Zo-P, d-kn-b. a-cp-a{K-kv {]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-Wv. ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, Jm-en-Zv, ^m- ™m-Wn˛55). `m-cy: °ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p¬- `m-cy: I-eym-Wn. a-°ƒ: Øn-a, kp-sse-J, k-^n-b, _p-jv-d. a-°ƒ: IJm-Z¿, A-h-dm≥-Ip-´n, A- N-{μn-I, D-j, k-Xy≥, Xn-Øp-Ωp, B-bn-i, k¬-a- _o¿, aq-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: –p¬ A-ko-kv, P-ao-e, tIm-a-f, c-P-\n, jm-Pn. Øv, ^u-kn-b. ^u-kn-b, \-Zvh. B-bn-ip-Ωp, \-ko-d.

Nn-cp-tX-bn

A-l-½-Zv

sIm-bn-em-≠n: sh-≈-d°m-Sv sX-cp-hn-se sXs° `-K-h-Xn-Im-hn¬ Nncp-tX-bn (98). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a≥. a°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥, Ieym-Wn, {io-[-c≥, Ko-X, ]-tc-X-cm-b N-¥p-°p-´n, Ip-™n-Ir-jv-W≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: \m-cm-b-Wn, tI-fp, Pm-\-In, tZ-h-In, _m-eIr-jv-W≥, e-fn-Xm-a-W-n.

Xn-cq¿: Xn-cp-\m-hm-b Ip-≠v-e-ßm-Sn I-S-t»-cn h-f-∏n¬ lw-k-lm-Pnbp-sS a-I≥ A-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ip-™p-´n (50). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: kao-d, j-_o-_v. a-cp-aI≥: d-P-_v. k-tlm-Z-c߃: bm-lp-lm-Pn, A–p¬- Jm-Z¿, sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n, B-bn-i.

B-en- lm-Pn

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \m-bÀ

ao-\m-£n

A-½-Zv

_m-¸p-«n lm-Pn

e-£v-an-A-½

h-‰-eq¿: ta-°p-f-º aq-fnb≥ B-en- lm-Pn (75). `mcy: ^m-Øn-a l-÷p-Ω. a°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv, ap-kv-X-^, lw-k (Z-Ωmw), A-–p¬\m-k¿ (Pn-km≥), kp-ld, d-kn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-dp-h (k_v C≥-kv-s]-Œ¿), sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n h-en-bm-Sv (]n.U-ªyp.Un, A-´-∏mSn), ssa-aq-\, kp-sse-J, k-eo-\, J-Zo-P, k-^o-e.

h-S-I-c: B-Zy-Im-e tIm¨-{K-kv-˛-sF.F≥.Sn.bp.kn t\-Xm-hv A-go-bqcn-se Ip-™n-cm-a≥ \m-b¿ (84). `m-cy: ]-Zv-am-£n AΩ. a-°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥ (kv]n-∂n-Mv an¬), P-b-cm-P≥, t{]-a, {]-ao-f, {]-ko-X, {]ho-W, k-t¥m-jv-Ip-am¿ (akv-°Øv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-a, A-Pn-X, [-\-e-£v-an, kptc-{μ≥, hn-P-b-Ip-am¿, {]Zo-]≥, Kw-Km-[-c≥.

Xm-a-c-t»-cn: t]m¿tßm-´q¿ Ip-º-f-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b D-t∏-c-s‚ `m-cy ao-\m-£n (78). a-°ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, btim-Z, I-a-e, {io-\n-hmk≥, A-\n-X, ]-tc-X\m-b k-Zm-\-μ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-te-N-\, N-¥p-°p-´n, j¨-apJ≥, e-Xn-I, k-Zm-\μ≥.

h-S-I-c: A-cq-cv ]-tc-X\m-b ]p-fn-bw-ho-´n¬ Ip-™-–p-√- lm-Pn-bpsS a-I≥ A-Ω-Zv (48). am-Xm-hv: a-dn-bw. `m-cy: k-^n-b (\-cn-∏-‰). a°ƒ: A-–p- -emw, l^v-k-Øv, lm-cn-kv, l¿jn-\. a-cp-a-I≥: d-Cukv (sX-cp-h≥-]-d-ºv). k-tlm-Z-c≥: A-–p-¬ a-Po-Zv.

sN-Ω-e-t»-cn: s\-fn-bØv Ip-f-ºv {km-ºn°¬ _m-∏p-´n lm-Pn (86). `m-cy: ssk-\-_. a°ƒ: ]m-Øp-Ωp, lwk, A-b-ap, k-^n-b, k-Io-\, lm-P-d, a-Ωp, ssa-aq-\, I-a-dp, km-ZnJv, _p-jv-d, A-kv-am_n, l-^v-k-Øv.

s]-cp-h-Æm-aq-gn: ]-¥n-cn-°-c-bn-se ]p-Ø≥]p-c-h-f-∏n¬ e-£v-anA-Ω (93). `-¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™ncm-a≥ \m-b¿. a-°ƒ: am-[-hn, _m-h, tZ-hn, eo-e, _m-e≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: Ip-™n-Ir-jv-WIp-dp-∏v, Zm-tam-Z-c≥, `m-kv-I-c≥, a-[p-kq-[\≥, c-an-X.

ta-ep-tZym-K-Ø-sc sh-Sn-h-¨p-sIm-¶v ssk-\n-I³ Po-h-s\m-Sp-¡n Kp--h-ml-h-Øn: A-k-an-se [p-{_n Pn-√-bn¬ _n.F-kv.F-^v. `-S≥ c-≠p ta-ep-tZym-K-ÿ-sc sh-Sn-h-®p-sIm-∂ ti-jw Po-h-s\m-Sp-°n. H-cmƒ°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. C-t¥m-˛-_w-•m-tZ-iv A-Xn¿-Ønbn-se Im-h¬-∏p-c-bn¬ hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se-bmbn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. {]-`m-I-¿ an-{i-bm-Wv k¿-ho-kv ssd-^nƒ sIm-≠v D-tZym-K-ÿ¿-°pw k-l-{]-h¿-Ø-I¿°pw t\-sc sh-Sn-h-®-Xv. ti-jw an-{i kz-bw shSn-h-®p a-cn-®p-sh-∂v ap-Xn¿-∂ D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ ]-d™p. A-kn- v k-_v C≥-kv-s]-Œ¿-am-cm-b _m-_p-em¬, kp-tc-{μ≥ F-∂n-h-cm-Wv sIm-√s∏-´-Xv. sh-Sn-h-bv-]n¬ Hmw-{]-Im-iv F-∂ tIm¨-kv-‰-_n-fn-\m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. D-tZym-Kÿ-cpw an-{i-bpw X-Ωn¬ hm-t°-‰w \-S-∂-Xn-\p ]n-∂m-se-bm-Wv sh-Sn-h-bv-]p-≠m-b-Xv. kw-`-hsØ Xp-S¿-∂v D-∂-X _n.F-kv.F-^v. D-tZym-Kÿ¿ ÿ-e-sØ-Øn. I-gn-™ G-Xm-\pw am-k߃-°-Iw _n.F-kv.F-^n-ep-≠m-hp-∂ aq-∂m-asØ kw-`-h-am-Wn-Xv. ]-©m-_n-epw cm-P-ÿm-\nep-am-Wv C-Xn-\p-ap-ºv sh-Sn-h-bv-]v \-S-∂-Xv.

hn-f-bq¿: hn-f-bq¿ h-enb-]-d-ºn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´nbpsS ap-I≥ Ip-™pap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ip-™m∏ (40). F-kv.Un.]n.sF.bp-sS k-Po-h {]h¿-Ø-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: jn-_n-e, j-^o-\, ap-lΩ-Zv kn-\m≥. am-Xm-hv: _o-hn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Z-en (Pn-±), A-jvd-^v.

aÂ-ky-s¯m-gn-em-f-n t_m-«n Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

am-ln: I-S-en¬ a¬-ky_-‘-\-Øn-\n-sS sXm-gnem-fn t_m-´n¬ Ip-g-™pho-Wv a-cn-®p. ]m-d-°¬ Ph-l¿ a-μn-c-Øn-\v ]n∂n¬ ]-´m-Wn ]-d-º-Øv ]p-cp-tjm-Ø-a≥(52) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. _p-[-\m-gv-N D-®-bv-°m-Wv kw-`-hw. `mcy: A-Rv-P-en. a-°ƒ: kt¥m-jv, k-μo-]v, kp-ta-jv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: _me≥, tcm-ln-Wn, N-{μn, ]-tc-X-cm-b hn-P-b≥, kzm-an, ap-Ip-μ≥.

H-gp-¡nÂ-s¸-«-bm-fp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw I-s−-¯n

a-t©-iz-cw: kp-{_-lv -aWy-bn-te-°v Xo¿-∞m-S-\Øn-\p t]m-bn Ip-fn-°p∂-Xn-\n-sS H-gp-°n¬-s∏-´ a-t©-iz-cw kz-tZ-in-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw c-≠m-gv-N-bv°p ti-jw C-∂-se Is≠-Øn. ]m-hq-cn-se k®n-s‚ (40) ar-X-tZ-l-amWv s\-´-Wn-sK-bn-se kn.]n.-kn.-B¿.-sF. ]p-g-tbm-c-Øv I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. BK-kv-Xv 19\v cm-hn-se-bm-Wv k-®n-s\ H-gp-°n¬-s∏-´v Im-Wm-Xm-b-Xv. k-®n-\pw a-‰v A-©p-t]-cpw tN¿-∂v Im-dn¬ kp-{_-lv -a-Wy t£-{X-Z¿-i-\-Øn-\p t]mb-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: N-{μm-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: N-c¨, kpkvan-X.

Hm-t«m ss{U-hÀ Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

t_m-hn-°m-\w: Hm-t´m ss{U-h-sd ho-´n-se A-Sp°-f-bn¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \ne-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. Imk¿-tIm-Uv P-\-d¬ B-ip]-{Xn-°p-k-ao-]-sØ Hmt´m Ãm‚n-¬ ss{U-h-dmbn-cp-∂ t_m-hn-°m-\w A-Ω-t¶m-s´ F l-co-jv Ip-am-dn-s\(32)-bm-Wv C∂-se cm-hn-se Xq-ßn-a-cn-®- \n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. _n.Fw.-F-kv. {]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: sIm-dK-∏. am-Xm-hv: kp-io-e. A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv. k-tlmZ-c-߃: N-{μ-Im-¥v, tim-`-e-X, `m-Ko-c-Yn, h-{Pm£n, kp-\n-X.

IÀ-j-I³ Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp -a-cn-¨p

_-¥-Sp-°: Ir-jn-∏-Wn°n-sS I¿-j-I≥ d-_¿tXm-´-Øn¬ Ip-g-™p-hoWp -a-cn-®p. am-Wn-aq-e-bnse X-fn-t®-cn Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b-cm-Wv(65)- a-cn-®-Xv. _p-[-\m-gv-N ssh-Io-´mWv kw-`-hw. d-_¿ a-c-߃-°v h-fan-Sp-∂-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-™pho-W C-t±-l-sØ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p sIm-≠pt]m-Ipw-h-gn-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. `m-cy: ao-\m-£n-b-Ω. a°ƒ: {io-P, c-P-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-Wn-I-WvT≥, Atim-I≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Im¿-Xym-b-\n-b-Ω, Ip-amc≥ \m-b¿.

Ip-fn-¡m-\n-d§n-bbmÄ s]-cn-bm-än ap-§n-a-cn-¨p th-ep- -

hn-¿ -

kp-sse-J

]m-¯p-½

ap-\oÀ

Pm-\-In

ssh-e-Øq¿: _w-•m-hpw Ip-∂v, Ip-‰n-°m-��n¬ th-ep (55).tIm-´-°¬ A¿-_≥ t_-¶v I-Sp-ßm-Øp-Ip-≠v im-J-bn-se sk-Iyq-cn-‰n Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: Ko-X.

s]m-∑-f: ]p-Δm-Sv h-cn-t°mS≥ hn-ø (72). a-°ƒ: lpssk≥, lw-k, Ip-™n-apl-Ω-Zv, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-sse-J, kp-ss_-Z, \^o-k, A-–p¿-d-lv-am≥.

s]m-∑p-≠w: k-em-a-Øv \-K¿ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-∂Øv am-bp-hn-s‚ a-Iƒ sN{º I-S-b-t°m-´n¬ l-\o^-bp-sS `m-cy kp-sse-J (38). a-°ƒ: A-\-kv, Pko-\, ln-_m-P-kven.

th-ß-c: Du-c-IwNmen¬ Ip-≠n-se ]-tc-X\m-b a-cp-Øn¬ sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ω (79). a-I≥: lw-k (Zp-_-bv).

Xn-cq¿: \n-da - c - p-Xq¿ ]-غm-Sv \q¿-ssa-Xm-\Ø - v Iqcn-bn¬ Ip-™m-hb - p-sS aI≥ ap-\o¿ (29). Hm-t´m ss{U-hd - m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: B-_n-Z. a-I≥: A-ao¿.

B-\-a-ßm-Sv: Im-e-Snbn¬ Pm-\-In (86). a°ƒ: A-ø-∏≥, im-¥, {]-`m-I-c≥, in-h-i-¶c≥, cm-[, l-cn-Zm-kv, cm-a-N-{μ≥.

F-bÀ C-´y-s¡-Xn-tc 14Im-cn-sb ]o-Un-¸n-¨ tI-kn tem-Iv A-Zm-e-¯v hn-[n bp-hm-hv A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap∂-dn-bn-∏n√msX bm-{Xm-k-a-bw am-‰nbXns\ XpS¿∂v bm-{X-°m-cn-°p≠m-b \-jvS- w \n-IØ - m≥ F-b¿ C-¥y hn-am-\-°-º-\n-s°-Xn-tc Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw s]¿-a-\‚ v tem-Iv A-Zm-e-Øn-s‚ D-Ø-c-hv. ku-Znbn-se In-Mv Jm-en-Zv B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂ tUm. kn-‘p c-Lp-\m-Yn-\v \-„-]-cnlm-cw \¬-Im-\m-Wv D-Øc - h - v. 2011 am¿-®v 30\p cm-hn-se 11\p ]p-d-s∏-tS-≠ F-b¿ C-¥ym hnam-\w ]p-ds - ∏-´X - v D-®° - v aq-∂n-\p ti-j-am-b-Xn-\m¬ kn-‘p-hn-\v b-Ym-k-a-bw tPm-en-bn¬ {]-thin-°m-\m-bn-√. C-Xn-\m¬ B-ip]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X¿ tUm-Œ¿-s°-

Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv

tIm-´-bw: kw-hn-[m-b-I-\pw \-S-\pw an-an-{In I-emIm-c-\p-am-b l-°ow (sI F≥ A-_v-Zp¬ l-°nw dmhp-Ø¿-˛58) A-¥-cn-®p. izm-k-tIm-i tcm-K-sØ XpS¿-∂v tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ C-∂-se cmhn-se H-º-tXm-sSbm-Wv a-c-Ww. P-b-cm-Pv kw-hn[m-\w sN-bv-X Nn-{Xß-fn-se ÿn-cw km- ∂ n- [ y- a m- b n- c p∂ l-°ow I-em-`h≥ a-Wn-sb \m-bI-\m-°n Zn Km¿-Uv F-∂ Nn-{Xw kw-hn-[m-\w sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v. H-cp I-Ym]m-{Xw am-{X-ap-≈ kn-\n-a F-∂ \n-e-bn¬ Cu Nn{Xw {i-≤n-°-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. sIm-®n≥ I-em-`-h-\n¬ Aw-K-am-bn-cp-∂ l-°ow, tb-ip-Zm-kn-s‚ Km-\-ta-fI-fp-sS C-S-th-f-bn¬ an-an-{In A-h-X-cn-∏n-®m-Wv Iem-cw-K-tØ-°p h-∂-Xv. 1991¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b aq°n-√m-cm-Py-Øv ap-dn-ap-°≥ cm-Pm-hv F-∂ kn-\n-abn¬ a-t\m-tcm-Kn-sb A-h-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠v kn-\na-bn¬ A-c-tß-dn-. tPm-Wn-hm-°¿, ss]-Xr-Iw, a{¥-tam-Xn-cw, In-km≥, Hm¿-a- am-{Xw, Xn-f-°w, sh´w, c-kn-I≥, ]-´-W-Øn¬ kp-μ-c≥, Im-gv-N F-∂o kn-\n-a-I-fn-epw A-`n-\-bn-®n-´p-≠v. 1992¬ ]p-d-Øn-dßn-b P-b-cm-Pv kw-hn-[m-\w sN-bv-X tPm-Wn-hm-°dn-se am-^n-bm kw-Lmw-K-Øn-s‚ th-j-am-Wv C-t±l-Øn-s‚ {i-≤n-°-s∏-´ I-Ym-]m-{Xw. 2011¬ ]p-dØn-d-ßn-b \m-bn-I-bm-Wv A-h-km-\ -Nn-{Xw. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v ssh-Io-´v A-©n-\v tIm-´-bw Su¨ Xm-Pv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. tIm-´bw sIm-¥m-´p-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-hq¿ I-\n dmhp-Ø-cp-sS a-I-\m-Wv l-°ow. K-k¬ c-N-bn-Xm-hpw Km-bn-I-bp-am-b tZ-ho-ta-t\m-\m-Wv `m-cy.

Xn-tc in-£m-\S- ] - S- n- kzoI-cn®p. C-°m-cyw Im-Wn-®p kn-‘p Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw s]¿-a-\‚ v temIv A-Zm-eØ - n¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-. kn-‘p k-u-Zn A-td-_y-bn-ep≈ tPm-kv C‚¿-\m-j\ - ¬ h-gnbm-Wv Sn-°s - ‰-Sp-Øn-cp-∂X - v. bm-{Xm-hn-h-c-߃ A-dn-bnt°-≠-Xv {Sm-h¬ G-P≥-kn-bmsW-∂ F-b¿ C-¥y-bp-sS hm-Zw A-Zm-e-Øv Aw-Ko-I-cn-®n-√. GP≥-kn h-gn Sn-°-s‰-Sp-Øm-epw bm-{Xm-hn-h-c-߃ A-dn-bn-°m\p-≈ _m-[y-X hn-am-\-°-º-\n°p-s≠-∂v D-Ø-c-hn¬ hy-‡am-°n. F-b¿ C-¥y 9,800 cq-] \jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw \¬-Im-≥ D-Ø-chn´p.

]-≈p-cp-Øn: {]m-b-]q¿-Øn-bmhm-Ø s]¨-Ip-´n-sb ]o-Un-∏n® tI-kn-se {]-Xn-sb t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xp. ]-≈p-cp-Øn I-t®-cn-∏-Sn G-d-\m-´v A-º-eØn-\p- k-ao-]w j-ao-dn(22)s\bm-Wv ]-≈p-cp-Øn kn.sF. hn Pn c-ho-{μ-\m-Yv t^m¿-´p-sIm-®nbn-se _-‘p-ho-´n¬ \n-∂v A-dkv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv. tXm-∏pw-]-Sn Igp-Øp-ap-´v Nq-te-g-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ am-Xm-]n-Xm-°-tfm-sSm-∏w hm-SI ho-´n¬- Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ 14Imcn-sb-bm-Wv C-bmƒ ]o-Un-∏n-®Xv. \m-ep-am-kw ap-ºv s]¨-Ip´n-bp-sS ho-Sn-\p- k-ao-]-sØ kplr-Øn-s‚ ho-´n-se-Øn-b bphm-hv s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-am-bn ]-cn-N-

b-s∏-Sp-I-bpw A-Sp-∏-Øn-em-hpI-bpw sN-bv-Xp. ]n-∂o-Sv s]¨Ip-´n-sb C-bmƒ ssew-Kn-I-ambn D-]-tbm-Kn-s®-∂m-Wv tI-kv. bp-hm-hp-am-bp-≈ {]-W-bw ]n-Xm-hv tNm-Zyw-sN-bv-X-Xn-s\Øp-S¿-∂p Xo-s°m-fp-Øn Bfl-l-Xy-°p {i-an-® s]¨-Ip-´n C-t∏mƒ F-d-Wm-Ip-fw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bnem-Wv. A-º-Xp- i-X-a-\w s]m≈-te-‰ s]¨-Ip-´n Kp-cp-X-cm-hÿ-bn-em-Wv. _-em¬-kw-KØn-\pw Ip-´n-Iƒ-s°-Xn-tc-bp≈ ssew-Kn-I- A-Xn-{I-aw X-Sb¬ \n-b-a-{]-Im-c-hp-am-Wv bphm-hn-s\-Xn-tc tI-sk-Sp-Øn-cn°p-∂-Xv. tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P-cm°n-b {]-Xn-sb dn-am‚ v sN-bv-Xp.

tUm. ]-Xva-\m-`-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw -kw-kv-I-cn-¨p Nn-‰q¿: a-lm-cm-jv-{S K-h¿-W¿ sI i-¶-c\m-cm-b-W-s‚ `m-cym-k-tlm-Z-co `¿-Ømhpw \m-ep- ]-Xn-‰m-≠n-te-sd Kp-cp-hm-bq¿, Nm-h° - m-Sv ta-Je - b - n¬ B-Xp-ct- k-h\ - c - wK-Øv \n-d-™p-\n-¬-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X tUm. sI ]-Xva\ - m-`s - ‚a - r-Xt- Z-lw kw-kvIm-cn®p. I-dp-Ia - W - n aq-tØ-SØ - v X-dh - m-´ph-f-∏n¬ hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-kvI - m-cw. K-h¿-W¿ sI i-¶-c-\m-cm-b-W≥, Fw.F¬.F-am-cm-b sI A-Nyp-X≥, jm^n ]-dº - n¬, \-Kc - k - ` - m sN-b¿-am≥ C≥Nm¿-Pv F≥ i-¶-c-ta-t\m≥, sI.]n.kn.kn sk-{I-´-dn N-{μ≥, Un.kn.kn {]-knU‚ v kn hn _m-eN - {- μ≥, ap≥ Fw.]n IrjvW - {- ]-km-Zv, sI Pn ti-Jc - \ - p-Æn ]-s¶Sp-Øp. `m-cy: tUm. ]m¿-hX - n. a-°ƒ: tUm. e-£v-ao-tZ-hn, tUm. \n¿-a-e, tUm. cm-Pvtam-l≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-]n≥-ta-t\m≥, cm[m-Ir-jvW - ≥, tUm. im-en-\n sd-Õn.

]-d-hq¿: Ip-fn-°m-\n-dßn-b Bƒ s]-cn-bm-‰n¬ apßn-a-cn-®p. ap-∏Ø-Sw F≥.F-®v.tIm-f-\n-bn¬ Im-´n∏-d-ºn¬ Zn-eo-] v(43) B-Wv -a-cn-®Xv. s]-cn-bm-dn-s‚ ]p-g-bn¬ a-sÆ-Sp-Ø Ip-gn-bn-emWv Zn-eo-]v Xm-gv-∂p-t]m-bXv. kao-]Øv ao≥ ]nSn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂-h¿ Zn-eo-]n-s\ I-c-bvs°SpØv Bep-h Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶nepw c£n-°m-\m-bn√. t]m-Ãvtam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw ar-XtZ-lw _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. `mcy: ssee. a°ƒ: D-ss_Zv, X-kv-\n.

Im-c-¸m-d F-tÌ-äp-I-fp-sS ]m-«-¡-cmÀ d-±m-¡n Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: s\-√nbm-º-Xn-bn-se Im-c-∏m-d F, _n F-tÃ-‰p-I-fp-sS ]m´-°-cm¿ k¿-°m¿ d-±m-°n. I-cm¿ N-´-ß-fn¬ ew-L\w \-S-Øn-sb-∂p t_m-[ys∏-´-Xn-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-em-Wv \-S-]-Sn. B-bn-ctØm-fw G-°¿- h-cp-∂ Cu F-kv-t‰-‰p-I-fn-se `q-an k¿-°m¿ A-\p-a-Xn-bn-√msX ssI-am-‰w sN-ø-cp-sX∂pw F-kv-t‰-‰v Cu-Sp-h-®v hm-bv-] F-Sp-°-cp-sX-∂p-ap≈ \n-_-‘-\ ew-Ln-®-Xmbn I-s≠-Øn-b-Xn-s\-ØpS¿-∂v F-kv-t‰-‰v D-S-a-Iƒ°v h-\w-h-Ip-∏v t\m-´o-kv \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p.

s\-√n-bm-º-Xn-bn¬ ]m´-°-cm¿ ew-Ln-® F-kv-t‰‰p-Iƒ Xn-cn-®p-]n-Sn-°p-∂Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bm-Wv \-S-]Sn. Im-c-∏m-d F F-kv-t‰-‰v Cu-Sp-\¬-In 3.34 tIm-Sn cq] hm-bv-]-sb-Sp-Ø-Xm-bpw I-cm¿ ew-Ln-®v F-kv-t‰‰n¬ Sq-dn-kw dn-tkm¿-´v XpS-ßn-b-Xm-bpw I-s≠-Ønbn-cp-∂p. C-Ø-c-Øn¬ Icm¿ ew-L-\-߃ ap-∏-tXmfw F-kv-t‰-‰p-I-fn¬ \-S-∂Xm-bm-Wv k¿-°m¿ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. Im-cm-∏m-d F-kvt‰-‰p-I-fn-se 1118 G-°¿ `qan G-s‰-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠m-Wv k¿-°m¿ D-Ø-c-hn-d-°n-bncn-°p-∂-Xv.

\-h-h-[p Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn ]-ø-∂q¿: \-h-h-[p-hn-s\ `¿-Xrho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. A-∂q¿ I-≠-t°mc≥-ap-°n-se Sm-Iv-kn ss{U-h¿ k-Pp-hn-s‚ `m-cy B-im-eX(21)-bm-Wv -a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw ssh-Io-´v 6.45Hm-sS- kmPp-hn‚ am-Xm-hm-Wv C-h-sc Xqßn-b-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. Cu ka-b-w `¿-Øm-hv km-Pp ]p-d-Øpt]m-bXmb-n-cp-∂p. C-h-cp-sS hn-hm-lw I-gn™n-´v \m-ep am-k-ta B-bn-´p≈q. D-Up-∏n-˛-I-¥m-]p-cw kz-tZin-bm-Wv B-im-e-X. ]-n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cp-Wm-I-c sj-´n. am-Xm-hv: c-Xv-\m-h-Xn. k-tlm-Zc≥: cm-a-N-{μ sj-´n. ar-X-tZ-lw ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿´w \-S-Øn.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kochi

6 k-]v-Xw-_¿ 2013 sh≈n

\-S-³ l-¡ow A-´-cn-¨p eo-e

\-µn-\n

A-Pn-X

ta-cn

sXm-½³ a-¯m-bn

k-hn-Xm tZ-hn

kp-Ip-am-c³

tPm-tPm

tNμ-aw-Kew: h-en-b-]-gºn-≈n Xp-cp-Øv sh¨-a\-t»-cn¬ Xp-cp-Øv a-\t»-cn¬ {io-[c-s‚ `m-cy eo-e (92). kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: hn sI ap-cp-tIi≥ (dn-´. sl-Uvam-ÿ t_m-bn-kv sslkv-Iqƒ t\m¿-Øv ]-dhq¿), hn F-kv _m_p (kn.]n.Fw. tem-°¬ IΩn-‰n sk-{I-´dn, tN-μawK-ew), hn F-kv kp`mjv (sI.F-kv.C._n.), hn F-kv {]-` (dn-´. A[ym]n-I hn.kn.F-kv.F®v.F-kv.Fkv.), hn F-kv A-ºnfn. a-cp-a°ƒ: ssj-e ap-cp-tI-i≥, s]m∂-Ω _m_p, l-cn-l-c≥ hn sI, em-e≥ hn Fw.

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: Im-b-\m-Sv tXm-´-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jvW-s‚ `m-cy \-μn\n (81). a°ƒ: kc-f, tim-`, hna-e, sP-bnwkv (^b¿-t^m-gv-kv, aq-hm-‰p]p-g) a-cp-a°ƒ: tKm-]n h-Æ-∏pdw, in-h≥ Iogn√w, s\-kn-\n Nm-e°pSn, jm-Pn B-\n-°mSv, ]-tc-Xbm-b iin Im-b\m-Sv.

Beph(Io-gv-amSv): Io-gvam-Sv C-©n-°-c-]-d-ºn¬ th-em-bp[-s‚ a-Iƒ APn-X (38).

tIm-X-aw-Kew: tIm-gn-∏n≈n C-e-™n-°¬ B‚Wn-bpsS (Ip-™®≥) `m-cy ta-cn (73). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v tIm-X-awK-ew sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv I-Øo-{U¬ skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]tc-X tN¿-Ø-e h-bem¿ tN-{μ-bn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-amWv. a°ƒ: sNdn-bm≥, Po-e, kp-a, enPn, tPm_n, tXm-akv, kn\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]ufn≥ Nm-°m-e-bn¬, tambn-®≥ a-‰w Ip-cy-\mSv, B‚Wn Cu-∏≥ I-Sa∏p-g Im-™n-c-∏n≈n, t]m-fn sh-≈p-°p-t∂¬ sN-Ω-e-a‰w, {]n-b, A\p, a-t\mPv.

tIm-X-aw-Kew: \m-Sp-ImWn X-In-Sn-bn¬ sXmΩ≥ a-Øm-bn (84). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10.30\v \m-Sp-Im-Wn sk‚ v tXma-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: tXm-ew-am-°n¬ ta-cn aØmbn. a°ƒ: tXm-akv, enkn, tUmfn, an\n, _nPp, kPn. a-cp-a°ƒ: sa¿fn, ]-tc-X\m-b X¶®≥, tSman, hn-t\mZv, tkm^n, Po-\.

]-d-hq¿: a-S-πm-Xn-cp-Øv aT-Øn¬ Fw hn cm-PtKm-]m-ens‚ (dn-´. Irjn h-Ip-∏v tPm-. U-bdŒ¿) `m-cy kn hn k-hnXm tZ-hn (68). h-S-t°-°c ]p-Xn-b-Im-hv K-h. ssl-kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A[ym-]n-I-bmWv. a°ƒ: kv-an-X (]-≈p-cp-Øn Fkv.Un.]n.ssh ssl-kvIqƒ), Zo-]Iv. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-t\mZv (F-®v.F≥. F¬. tIm´-bw), tkmWn-b (t•m-_¬ ]-ªn°v kv-Iqƒ, Xn-cp-hm-Wnbq¿).

Cu-Ãv tN-cm-s\√q¿: HmW-ºn-≈n A-t´m-fn ]-tcX\m-b th-em-bp[-s‚ aI≥ kp-Ip-am-c≥ (79). `mcy: tIm-S-\m-Sv tXm-Wn]-d-ºn¬ \-fn\n. a°ƒ: I-e, I-tejv, A-\n¬, _nPp, ssjPp. a-cpa°ƒ: kp-tcjv Hm-Wº≈n, ]-tc-Xbm-b teJ, _n-Pp C-Sp°n, ^nPn, A-\nX.

Ip-º-fßn: Ip-º-fßn˛ aq-tØ-cn ss]-en aI≥ tPm-tPm (tPm¿-Pv˛49). `mcy: enPn. a°ƒ: \nPp, canX

ao-\m-£n Xm-a-c-t»-cn: t]m¿tßm-´q¿ Ip-º-f-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b D-t∏-c-s‚ `m-cy ao-\m-£n (78). a-°ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, btim-Z, I-a-e, {io-\n-hmk≥, A-\n-X, ]-tc-X\m-b k-Zm-\-μ≥.

lw-k BeßmSv: I-Sp-∏m-Sw an√p]-Sn hm-g-°maTw ho´n¬ lw-k (72). `mcy: \^o-k. a°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b A–p¬ d-joZv, \m-Zn¿-j, k^¿ (C-cp-hcpw JØ¿), A-Iv_¿, \-ko-a, \q¿-P-lm≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: C-{_m-lnw, C-kv-a-bn¬, B-jn-X, Pm-kv-an≥, kp¬-^Øv, d-jo-Z.

A-½-Zv h-S-I-c: A-cq-cv ]-tc-X\m-b ]p-fn-bw-ho-´n¬ Ip-™-–p-√- lm-Pn-bpsS a-I≥ A-Ω-Zv (48).

X¦-½

kptem-N-\

I-f-a-ticn: F-®v.Fw.Sn. tImf-\n A-cnºm-d ho´n¬ X-¶-Ω(74).kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 12 \v A-ºm-´p-Im-hv iv-a-im\-Øn¬. a°ƒ: iin, kXn, Nn-∂, kn‘p. a-cpa°ƒ: kp-{]≥, Pb≥, hn-t\m-Zv.

Nme-°pSn:t]m´ hmg°p∂v NmW-t»cn N{μs‚ `mcy kptem-N\(53).-

e-£v-an

B-e-∏p-g: \-K-c-k-` ]g-ho-Sv hm¿-Un¬ h-en-b ]p-c-bv-°¬ ho-´n¬ X-¶∏≥ (64). `m-cy: s]-ÆΩ. a-I≥: B-Z¿-iv.

]q-®m-°¬: ]m-Wm-h≈n ]-©m-b-Øv \memw hm¿-Un¬ sN-º≥ X-d-bn¬ ]-c-ta-iz-c-s‚ `m-cy e-£v-an (75). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cmhn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. a-°ƒ: D-j, c-a, an-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-Pb≥, ]p-jv-I-c≥, t{]wIp-am¿.

Zm-tam-Z-c³

d-low

X-¦-¸³

ap-≠-°-bw: A-a-cm-h-Xn tXm-∏n¬ Zm-tam-Z-c≥ (84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `m-cy: im-c-Z A-Xnc-ºp-g s\-Sp-th-en¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: tim`-\, kp-Pm-X, k-Po-h≥, k-Xo-jv.

I-Zn-b a-¶-S: I-S-∂-a-Æ ]-tc-X\m-b ]-≈n-bm-en¬ Ip™o-s‚ `m-cy I-Zn-b (100).

tKm-]m-e³ h-S-I-c: B-Zy-Ime tIm¨-{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI≥ a-Wn-bq¿ Xp-d-t»-cn°-S-hv sN-dn-b Xp-cp-Ønbn¬ tKm-]m-e≥ (87). `m-cy: b-tim-Z (h-S-I-c). a-°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, hn-P-b≥, i-in, k-Xo-i≥, Ip-™n-t°f-∏≥, ssi-e-P, c-hn.

Nn-cp-tX-bn sIm-bn-em-≠n: sh-≈-d°m-Sv sX-cp-hn-se sXs° `-K-h-Xn-Im-hn¬ Nncp-tX-bn (98). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a≥. a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bW≥, I-eym-Wn, {io-[c≥, Ko-X, ]-tc-X-cm-b N¥p-°p-´n, Ip-™n-Ir-jvW≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bWn, tI-fp, Pm-\-In, tZ-hIn, _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, efn-Xm-a-W-n.

I-gn-™ Znh-kw \ncymX-\mb Ip-‰n-°m-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv (80).

{]-`m-I-c³ ]n-Å Xn-cph√: Ip-‰q¿ {]-`m-eb-Øn¬ {]-`m-I-c≥-]n≈ (65). (dn-´. sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn Po-h-\°m-c≥). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: k-ckΩ. a-°ƒ: {]-`, Zo-], tim-`. a-cp-a°ƒ; cmP≥, {]-k∂≥, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿.

Ieym-Wn B-e-Øq¿: tXm-Wn-∏mSw sN-dm-t°m-´n¬ ]-tcX-\m-b th-em-bp-[-s‚ `m-cy I-eym-Wn (94). a°ƒ: Fw hn th-Wp-tKm]m¬, I-a-ew. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Hm-a-\, hmkp, c-°p-Æn, ]-tc-X-\mb ho-cm-≠n.

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \m-bÀ h-S-I-c: B-Zy-Im-e tIm¨-{K-kv-˛-sF.F≥.Sn.bp.kn t\-Xm-hv A-go-bqcn-se Ip-™n-cm-a≥ \mb¿ (84). `m-cy: ]-Zv-am-£n A-Ω. a-°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥ (kv-]n-∂n-Mv an¬), P-b-cmP≥, t{]-a, {]-ao-f, {]-koX, {]-ho-W, k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿ (a-kv-°Øv).

e-£v-an-A-½ s]-cp-h-Æm-aq-gn: ]-¥-ncn-°-c-bn-se ]p-Ø≥-]pc-h-f-∏n¬ e-£v-an-A-Ω (93).

Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv hn-f-bq¿: hn-f-bq¿ h-enb-]-d-ºn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´nbpsS ap-I≥ Ip-™pap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ip-™m∏ (40). F-kv.Un.]n.sF.bp-sS k-Po-h {]-h¿Ø-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: jn-_n-e, j-^o\, ap-l-Ω-Zv kn-\m≥. amXm-hv: _o-hn. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ap-l-Ω-Z-en (Pn-±), A-jv-d-^v.

ap-l-½-Zv h-≠q¿: im-¥n-\-K¿ hm-g-°m-S≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (80).`m-cy-am¿: km-Pn-X, ]-tc-X-bm-b ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ A-kokv, A-–p¬- k-emw, Pao-e, ssa-aq-\, _-jo¿, \-Po-_v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: dw-eØv, kp-sse-J, apw-Xmkv, A-kv-am-_n.

A-l-½-Zv Xn-cq¿: Xn-cp-\m-hm-b Ip-≠v-e-ßm-Sn I-S-t»-cn h-f-∏n¬ lw-k-lm-Pnbp-sS a-I≥ A-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ip-™p-´n (50).

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \m-bÀ am-ln: am-ln sd-bn¬-th kv-t‰-j-\v k-ao-]w Xmsg ]p-fn-bp-≈-Xn¬ Nm-a¶-≠n kn F-®v Ip-™ncm-a≥ \m-b¿ (64). ]≈q¿ kv-]n-∂n-Mv an¬ ap≥ Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-Wv. Agn-bq¿ a-fi-ew tIm¨{K-kv I-Ωn-‰n {]-knU‚ v, ]-≈q¿ kv-]n-∂nMv an¬ sF.F≥.Sn.bp.kn ssh-kv {]-knU‚ v ÿm-\-߃ h-ln®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ]-flm£n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥, P-bcm-P≥, t{]-a, {]-ao-f, {]ko-\, {]-ho-W, k-t¥mjv Ip-am¿ (a-kv-°-Øv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥, hn-P-b-Ip-am¿ (ku-Zn), {]-Zo-]≥ (sN-ss∂), KwKm-[-c≥, c-a, A-Pn-X, [\-e-£v-an.

s¹ta-\

tXma-kv

adn-bp-½

A-\nÂ-Ip-amÀ

leo-a

Nme-°pSn:t\m¿Øv Nme-°pSn sX°pw-Xe hnX-bØn tZh- n-bpsS `mcy sπta-\(93)-. -kwkvImcw C∂v cmhnse 10\v t\m¿Øv Nme-°pSn sk‚ v.- tPm-k^vkv ]≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬.a-°ƒ: ss]-en,-ta-cn,A¬t^m≥k,At¥mWn,-h¿§o-kv.-a-cpa°ƒ: -tdm-kn,- A-t{]w,an-\n,-jm‚n, ]-tc-X-\mb {^m≥ko-kv.

]d∏q¿: Nn‰ne∏n≈n ]tcX\mb tPmkns‚ aI≥ tXmamkv- (41). kwkv-Im-cw C∂v cmhnse 9.30v- ]d∏q¿ sk‚ v- tPm¨ s\]pwkym≥ s^mtdm\ tZhm ebØn¬ \S°pw. `mcy: kn¬kn ({_“ °pfw sNmΔ√q¿ IpSpw_mwKw). aIƒ: tdmkv- tacn. AΩ: tPmkv-^o\.

sIm-Sp-ß√q¿: tIm-X]d-ºv ]-d-º-ØvI-≠n ]tc-X\m-b Ip-™p-ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bpΩ(90). J-_-dS-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 8.30\v tIm-X]d-ºv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬. a°ƒ: A-–p¬ d-“m≥(dm-k¬ ssJa), A-jvd-^v(A_p-Zm-_n), kn-±oJv(Zpss_), Xm-ln-d. acp-a°ƒ: ju-°-Øen, k-_o-\, ^m-Øn-l, Pmkv-an≥.

]m-h-d´n: a-W-eq¿ X≠mw-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X\mb th-em-bp[-s‚ a-I≥ A-\n¬-Ip-am¿(45). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 8.30\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: k-hn-X. a°ƒ: lnem-\, ssla.

A-≠-tØmSv: s]-cn-bºew cn-^m-Cu≥ ]-≈n-°v ]-Sn-™m-dv h-iw ]-tcX\m-b hm-°-bn¬ ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ `m-cy A-bn-\n°¬ ho-´n¬ l-eo-a(85). a°ƒ: l\o-^ ap-kveym¿, I-a-dp-±o≥(^pssPd), P-ao-e, kp-sseJ. a-cp-a°ƒ: A_p, C{_m-lnw, ^m-Øn-a, dPpe.

tIm-in am-Xyp Xn-cph√: dn-´. sdbn¬th D-t±ym-K-ÿ≥ Xq-ºp-¶¬ kn tIm-in am-Xyp (84). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv. `mcy: X¶-Ω. a°ƒ: kq-k≥ tPm¨, amXyp Sn tImin, emep. a-cp-a°ƒ; tPm¨ amXyp, an-\n am-Xyp, ^m. Ip-cy≥ Zm-\n-tb¬.

]m-©m-en

tZ-h-ky

tKm-]m-e³ \m-bÀ

ap-≠-°-bw: th-e-\n-ew sIm-√w-]-d-ºn¬ sI Un tZ-h-ky (97).

s]m≥-Ip-∂w: ]m-´p-]m-d tXm-´p-hm-]-d-ºn¬ tKm]m-e≥ \m-b¿ (80).

D-cp-h-®m¬: sI.]n.B¿ \-K-dn-se {io-\n-eadn-bm½ amXyqkv b-Øn¬ ]m-d-°-S-h≥ sNß-∂q¿: tImSp-Ip]m-©m-en (90). `¿-Ømf™n, ]≈Øv Inghv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Xp-ø-Øv t°-Xn¬, ]n Sn amXyqNm-Øp. a-°ƒ: Z-b-tcmkns‚ `mcy adn-bmΩ lw-k amXyqkv(Ip-™Ω ˛ ]q-®m-°¬: ssX-°m-´p- Øv P-\m¿-±-\≥, kp-tc69). kwkvImcw C∂v ti-cn ]-©m-b-Øv \m{μ≥ (F-kv.sF. I-Æemw hm¿-Un¬ \m-K-tc- hw kv-t‰-j≥), \m-Wp, cmhnse 10.30 \v kn.-FgØ v Nnd b n¬ lwk kv.sF ss{IÃv N¿®v I-eym-Wn, ap-Ip-μ≥, ]p(65). skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn- cp-jp, kp-a-Xn, ]-tc-X-cmse 11 \v tX-h¿-h-´w Pp- b _m-e≥, k-tcm-Pn-\n. c-ho-{µ³ a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿma-cp-a-°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn-\n, C-cn-°q¿: s]-cp-h-f-Øp- am\n¬. Pm-\p, Ko-X, kp-te-J, ]-d-ºv {Ko-jv-am tlm`m-cy: Ip¬-kpw-Ω, ado-Ø, ssj-e, h¬´epS-a Ip-fn-™-bn-se °ƒ: Xm-Pp-±o≥, \u\o-em-t¶m-Øv c-ho-{μ≥ jm-Zv, kp-ss_¿, kp-\n- k≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm]m-e≥. X. (48).

am-Xyp

l-k³-_m-h dm-hp-¯À

tZh-In-b-½

ku-Z

shtdm-Wn-¡

Ip-«-¸³

ap-°q-´p-X-d: F-en-hmen-°-c A-co-∏-d-ºn¬ am-Xyp (am-Øp-°p-´n ˛89). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 12\v s{]m-t∏m-kv sk‚ v C-·m-Øn-tbmkv bm-t°m-_m-b ]≈n-bn¬. `m-cy ]-tc-X-bm-b X-¶Ω ]-Ø-\m-]p-cw hm-gtØm-∏n¬ C-Sn-°n-t\Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ : Ip-™p-tamƒ, A-®≥-Ip-™v, D-Ω®≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ : sN-dnbm-®≥ Ip-cn-ip-Ipt∂¬ sIm-√-ap-f, enkn, hn-\o-X.

N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ssI-X-ae ]-tc-°p-Sn-en¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]n-≈-bv-∏-dm-hp-Ødp-sS a-I≥ l-k≥ dm-hpØ¿ (86). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v G-‰p-am-\q¿ ssIX-a-e Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬. `m-cy: ^m-Øn-Ω. a-°ƒ: \q¿-P-lm≥, k-_n-b, sse-em, B-_n-Zm, \-_ok-Øv, \-ko-a, \-Po-d, sj-ao, _-jo¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b sk-bv-Xp-ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-enbm¿-Ip-´n, C-kv-am-bn¬, l-ao-Zv, kn-±o-Jv \u-jm-Zv, lm-cn-kv, ssk-\-_.

Iß-g: I-ß-g- tI-Zmdn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b sI Pn Zm-tam-Z-cta-t\m-s‚ `m-cy tZ-h-In-b-Ω (84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D®bv°v c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. a°ƒ: im¥-Ω, D-j, kp-[, ]-tc-X\m-b X-¶aWn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-a-Zmkv, cm-P-tam-l-\≥ \mb¿, in-h≥-]n≈ (sk≥{S¬ FIv-ssk-kv, F-dW-m-Ipfw), ]-tc-X\m-b kp-Ip-am-c-]n≈.

A-cq¿: A-cq¿ ]-©mbØv F´mw hm¿-Un¬ h-St°-]p-fn-°-∏-d-ºn¬ ]tc-X\m-b A-–p¬-d“m≥ ap-kv-en-bm-cp-sS aI≥ jw-kp-±o-s‚ `m-cy ku-Z(42). a°ƒ: A¿jmZv, A≥-kn-e, A-\ok.

ssh-∏n≥ :Rmd-°¬ ]p∂-°m-∏-d-ºn¬ ]tcX-\mb Ah-dm-®s‚ `mcy shtdm-Wn-°-(96 ).Ip-º-fßn apcp-°pw-Xd IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. -a°ƒ:h¿Ko-kv (dn-´.^mŒv DtZym-K-ÿ≥),tP-°-_v, tPmk-^v,B‚-Wn- (sF-izcy tlm´¬ B‚ v t_°dn˛Rm-d-°¬), ta-cn, en√n. acp-a-°ƒ:]tc-Xbmb hnIvtSm-dn-b, ^ntem-an-\, Beo-kv, tamfn, ]tc-X-\mb h¿Ko-kv, tPmk-^v.

Icn-apIƒ: I-Sw-ºm-Øv aq-e-bn¬ Ip-´-∏≥ sI Fw (81). `mcy: ]-tcXbm-b Ip-™n-s]Æv. a°ƒ: am-[h≥ (t]menkv, Xr-»q¿), X-¶ (dn-´. A-[ym]nI), A-ΩnWn, ]-tc-X\mb cmP≥. a-cpa°ƒ: A-ø∏≥, {]-`mIc≥, Hma-\, A-Ωn-Wn.

hÀ-¡n

cm-a³ -

\m-cm-b-W³

Nm-a-°m-e: ap-≈≥-Ip-gnbn¬ h¿-°n (90). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 a-Wn°v sk≥-ta-co-kv- ]m-td¬]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: G-en.a-°ƒ: G-en-°p´n, `m-kv-°-c≥, en-√n, t_m_n≥-kv-. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-thIm-\-μ≥ am≥-sh-´w ( dn´.sI.F-kv.B¿.Sn.kn), N{μn-I Xr-∏q-Wn-Øp-d, tPmkv- ]m-tdm-en-°¬, eo-\ Nma-°m-e.

F-S-h-Æ-∏m-d: Hm-am\q¿ ]p-Xp-°p-Sn cm-a≥ (65). `m-cy: im-¥. a°ƒ: hn-P-b, t_-_n, {]n-b-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: `mkv-I-c≥, kp-`m-jv-N{μ≥ (_-l-vdbv≥), kpIp-am-c≥. k-tlm-Z-c߃: A-∏p (dn-´. t]men-kv k-_v C≥-kv-s]Œ¿), ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶c≥.

A-e-\-√q¿: ]m-e-°m-gn Ip-‰n-°m-´n¬ \m-cm-bW≥ (80). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Nn∂. a-°ƒ: P-b-N-{μ≥, Km-‘-Ip-am-cn, A-PnXIp-am-cn, P-b-{]-`, kpan-{X, P-b-Ip-am-c≥. a-cpa-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥, tam-l-\≥, t_-_n, _nμp, {]-`m-I-c≥, ]-tc-X\m-b A-∏p-Æn.

s]m-∂m-\n: h-≠n-t∏-´°p k-ao-]w ]m-e-°¬ dlow (24). Nm-W-bn-se tlm-´¬sXm-gn-em-fn-bmbn-cp-∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b sam-bv-Xo≥-_m-h. am-Xmhv: sF-io-_n. `m-cy: dkn-b.

a-dn-bm-½ C-cn-´n: sh-fn-am-\-sØ Xp-≠n-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb tXm-a-kn-s‚ `m-cy adn-bm-Ω(72).

]-c-ta-iz³ Xn-cph√: Xp-I-e-t»-cn aWn-°p-∂n¬ ]-c-ta-izc≥ (80). kw-kv-Im-cw \SØn. `m-cy: Pm\-Ω. a°ƒ: l-cn, kp-tcjv, Ipi-e, h¬k-e, Ko-X, iym-af.

]m-¯p-½ A-e-\-√q¿: Im-c tXm-c°m-´n¬ ]-g-tØm-´n߬ ssk-Xm-en-bp-sS `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ω (90). a°ƒ: ]m-Øp-Ω, B-ep, a-dn-b, ssk-\-_, A_p.

Cu-tim tIm-g-t©-cn: Ip-dn-b-∂q¿ am-fn-tb°¬ Fw.-Sn. Cu-tim (Ip-™p-Ip-´n-˛85) . kwkv-Im-cw C-{∂m-hn-se 11.-30\v Ip-dn-b-∂q¿ sk‚ v tXm-a-kv am¿tØm-Ωm ]-≈n-bn¬ \S-°pw. `m-cy:]-tc-X-bmb X-¶-Ω. a-°ƒ-˛ Fw.C. tXm-a-kv, Fw.-C. Ae-Iv-km-≠¿(bp-F-kvF).

sNø³ Xn-cp-h√: \nc-Ww In-g°pw-`m-Kw s]m-´-dp-aXn¬ Im-°-\m-´p-Ip-gnbn¬ sI sI sN√-∏≥ (74). kw-kv-I-m-cw C-∂v D®-bv-°v H-∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `mcy: Im¿-Xymb\n. a°ƒ; cm-a-N-{μ≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, kp-\n¬, ambm-tZhn. a-cp-a°ƒ: hnae, P-KZ-Ω, kp-\n-X, hnt\m-Zv.

ta-ep-tZym-K-Ø-sc sh-Sn-h-¨p-sIm-¶v ssk-\n-I³ Po-h-s\m-Sp-¡n Kp-lm-h-Øn: A-k-an-se [p-{_n Pn-√-bn¬ _n.F-kv.F-^v. `-S≥ c-≠p ta-ep-tZym-K-ÿ-sc sh-Sn-h-®p-sIm-∂ ti-jw Po-h-s\m-Sp-°n. H-cmƒ°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. C-t¥m-˛-_w-•m-tZ-iv A-Xn¿-Ønbn-se Im-h¬-∏p-c-bn¬ hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se-bmbn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. {]-`m-I-¿ an-{i-bm-Wv k¿-ho-kv ssd-^nƒ sIm-≠v D-tZym-K-ÿ¿-°pw k-l-{]-h¿-Ø-I¿°pw t\-sc sh-Sn-h-®-Xv. ti-jw an-{i kz-bw shSn-h-®p a-cn-®p-sh-∂v ap-Xn¿-∂ D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ ]-d™p. A-kn- v k-_v C≥-kv-s]-Œ¿-am-cm-b _m-_p-em¬, kp-tc-{μ≥ F-∂n-h-cm-Wv sIm-√s∏-´-Xv. sh-Sn-h-bv-]n¬ Hmw-{]-Im-iv F-∂ tIm¨-kv-‰-_n-fn-\m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. D-tZym-Kÿ-cpw an-{i-bpw X-Ωn¬ hm-t°-‰w \-S-∂-Xn-\p ]n-∂m-se-bm-Wv sh-Sn-h-bv-]p-≠m-b-Xv. kw-`-hsØ Xp-S¿-∂v D-∂-X _n.F-kv.F-^v. D-tZym-Kÿ¿ ÿ-e-sØ-Øn. I-gn-™ G-Xm-\pw am-k߃-°-Iw _n.F-kv.F-^n-ep-≠m-hp-∂ aq-∂m-asØ kw-`-h-am-Wn-Xv. ]-©m-_n-epw cm-P-ÿm-\nep-am-Wv C-Xn-\p-ap-ºv sh-Sn-h-bv-]v \-S-∂-Xv.

G-en-¡p-«n Iq-´n-°¬: h-√n-‰ aÆp-Ip-f-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b tXm-a-kn-s‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n (90). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v Iq´n-°¬ sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv ]-≈n-bn¬. ]-tc-X a-e-bn-©n-∏md Im-™n-c-Øn-¶¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. aIƒ: Ip-´n-b-Ω. a-cp-aI≥: eq-°.

hn-tÃPv Hm-^nkÀ j«n Ifn-¡nsS Ipg-ªpho-Wv a-cn-¨p

s]cp-ºm-hq¿: kp-lrØp-°-tfm-sSm-∏w _mUv an‚¨ I-fn-°p-∂-Xn-\nsS hn-t√Pv Hm-^nk¿ Ipg™pho-Wv a-cn®p. sIm-ºm\-Sv kv-s]jy¬ hn-t√Pv Hm-^n-kdmb {]-f-b-°m-Sv sa-cn-em‚ v hn√-bn¬ Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ P-dmƒ-Uv tPmk-^v tKm-akv (53) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C∂-se cm{Xn F-´n-\m-Wv kw-`-hw.s]-cp-ºmhq¿ an-\n kn-hn¬ tÃ-j-≥ {Ku-≠n¬ j-´n¬ tIm¿´n¬ kp-lr-Øp-°ƒs°m-∏w I-fn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. D-S≥ s]-cp-ºm-hq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶nepw a-cn-®p. `m-cy: ta-cn. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v s\-Spß-{] sk‚ v tPmk^v ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬ \-S-°pw.

s]-cn-bm-än bphmhv ap-§n-a-cn-¨p

]-d-hq¿: Ip-fn-°m-\n-dßn-b Bƒ s]-cn-bm-‰n¬ apßn-a-cn-®p. ap-∏Ø-Sw F≥.F-®v.tIm-f-\n-bn¬ Im-´n∏-d-ºn¬ Zn-eo-]v(43) B-Wv -a-cn-®Xv. s]-cn-bm-dn-s‚ ]p-g-bn¬ a-sÆ-Sp-Ø Ip-gn-bn-emWv Zn-eo-]v Xm-gv-∂Xv. Nq-≠-bn-Sm≥ k-ao-]-Øp-≠mb-h-cm-Wv Zn-eo-]n-s\ I-cbv-s°-Øn-®Xv. Bep-h Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶nepw Po-h≥ c£n-°m-\m-bn√. t]m-Ãp-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw _-‘p°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. `mcy: sse-e. a°ƒ: Dss_Zv, X-kv-\n.

aÂ-ky-s¯m-gn-em-fn Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp a-cn¨p

A-º-e∏p-g: a¬-ky-_-‘-\-Øn-\n-sS a¬kysØm-gn-em-fn Ip-g-™p-ho-Wp a-cn®p. A-º-e-∏p-g sX-°v ]-©mb-Øv tIm-a-\ hS-t° ho-´n¬ jn-_p (47) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C∂-se ]p-e¿-s® tIm-a-\ Xoc-Øv a¬-ky_‘\ sXm-gn-en-te¿-s∏-´n-cp-∂ C-t±-lw Ip-g-™pho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. Xp-S¿-∂p a-‰v sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ h-≠m-\w sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Poh≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn√. `mcy: tkm-P. a°ƒ: Ko-Xp, D-Æn-am-b.

hr¡tcm-Kw- _m-[n¨ bphmhv acn¨p

B-en- lm-Pn h-‰-eq¿: ta-°p-f-º aqfn-b≥ B-en- lm-Pn (75). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a l÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-l-ΩZv, A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv, ap-kvX-^, lw-k (Z-Ωmw), A-–p¬- \m-k¿ (Pnkm≥), kp-l-d, d-kn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-lΩ-Zv Ip-dp-h (k-_v C≥kv-s]-Œ¿), sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n h-en-bm-Sv (]n.Uªyp.Un, A-´-∏m-Sn), ssa-aq-\, kp-sse-J, keo-\, J-Zo-P, k-^o-e.

F-bÀ C-´y-s¡-Xn-tc 14Im-cn-sb ]o-Un-¸n-¨ tI-kn tem-Iv A-Zm-e-¯v hn-[n bp-hm-hv A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap∂-dn-bn-∏n√msX bm-{Xm-k-a-bw am-‰nbXns\ XpS¿∂v bm-{X-°m-cn-°p≠m-b \-jvS- w \n-IØ - m≥ F-b¿ C-¥y hn-am-\-°-º-\n-s°-Xn-tc Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw s]¿-a-\‚ v tem-Iv A-Zm-e-Øn-s‚ D-Ø-c-hv. ku-Znbn-se In-Mv Jm-en-Zv B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂ tUm. kn-‘p c-Lp-\m-Yn-\v \-„-]-cnlm-cw \¬-Im-\m-Wv D-Øc - h - v. 2011 am¿-®v 30\p cm-hn-se 11\p ]p-d-s∏-tS-≠ F-b¿ C-¥ym hnam-\w ]p-ds - ∏-´X - v D-®° - v aq-∂n-\p ti-j-am-b-Xn-\m¬ kn-‘p-hn-\v b-Ym-k-a-bw tPm-en-bn¬ {]-thin-°m-\m-bn-√. C-Xn-\m¬ B-ip]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X¿ tUm-Œ¿-s°-

tIm-´-bw: kw-hn-[m-b-I-\pw \-S-\pw an-an-{In I-emIm-c-\p-am-b l-°ow (sI F≥ A-_v-Zp¬ l-°ow dmhp-Ø¿-˛58) A-¥-cn-®p. izm-k-tIm-i tcm-K-sØ XpS¿-∂v tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ C-∂-se cmhn-se H-º-tXm-sSbm-Wv a-c-Ww. P-b-cm-Pv kw-hn[m-\w sN-bv-X Nn-{Xß-fn-se ÿn-cw km- ∂ n- [ y- a m- b n- c p∂ l-°ow I-em-`h≥ a-Wn-sb \m-bI-\m-°n Zn Km¿-Uv F-∂ Nn-{Xw kw-hn-[m-\w sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v. H-cp I-Ym]m-{Xw am-{X-ap-≈ kn-\n-a F-∂ \n-e-bn¬ Cu Nn{Xw {i-≤n-°-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. sIm-®n≥ I-em-`-h-\n¬ Aw-K-am-bn-cp-∂ l-°ow, tb-ip-Zm-kn-s‚ Km-\-ta-f-I-fp-sS C-S-th-f-bn¬ an-an{In A-h-X-cn-∏n-®m-Wv I-em-cw-K-tØ-°p h-∂-Xv. 1991¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b aq-°n-√m-cm-Py-Øv ap-dn-ap°≥ cm-Pm-hv F-∂ kn-\n-a-bn¬ a-t\m-tcm-Kn-sb Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠v kn-\n-a-bn¬ A-c-tß-dn-. tPmWn-hm-°¿, ss]-Xr-Iw, a-{¥-tam-Xn-cw, In-km≥, Hm¿-a- am-{Xw, Xn-f-°w, sh-´w, c-kn-I≥, ]-´-WØn¬ kp-μ-c≥, Im-gv-N F-∂o kn-\n-a-I-fn-epw A-`n\-bn-®n-´p-≠v. 1992¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b P-b-cm-Pv kwhn-[m-\w sN-bv-X tPm-Wn-hm-°-dn-se am-^n-bm kwLmw-K-Øn-s‚ th-j-am-Wv C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ {i-≤n-°s∏-´ I-Ym-]m-{Xw. 2011¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b \m-bn-Ibm-Wv A-h-km-\ -Nn-{Xw. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v ssh-°o-´v A-©n-\v tIm-´-bw Su¨ Xm-Pv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. tIm-´bw sIm-¥m-´p-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-hq¿ I-\n dmhp-Ø-cp-sS a-I-\m-Wv l-°ow. K-k¬ c-N-bn-Xm-hpw Km-bn-I-bp-am-b tZ-ho-ta-t\m-\m-Wv `m-cy.

Xn-tc in-£m-\S- ] - S- n- kzoI-cn®p. C-°m-cyw Im-Wn-®p kn-‘p Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw s]¿-a-\‚ v temIv A-Zm-eØ - n¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-. kn-‘p k-u-Zn A-td-_y-bn-ep≈ tPm-kv C‚¿-\m-j\ - ¬ h-gnbm-Wv Sn-°s - ‰-Sp-Øn-cp-∂X - v. bm-{Xm-hn-h-c-߃ A-dn-bnt°-≠-Xv {Sm-h¬ G-P≥-kn-bmsW-∂ F-b¿ C-¥y-bp-sS hm-Zw A-Zm-e-Øv Aw-Ko-I-cn-®n-√. GP≥-kn h-gn Sn-°-s‰-Sp-Øm-epw bm-{Xm-hn-h-c-߃ A-dn-bn-°m\p-≈ _m-[y-X hn-am-\-°-º-\n°p-s≠-∂v D-Ø-c-hn¬ hy-‡am-°n. F-b¿ C-¥y 9,800 cq-] \jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw \¬-Im-≥ D-Ø-chn´p.

]-≈p-cp-Øn: {]m-b-]q¿-Øn-bmhm-Ø s]¨-Ip-´n-sb ]o-Un-∏n® tI-kn-se {]-Xn-sb t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xp. ]-≈p-cp-Øn I-t®-cn-∏-Sn G-d-\m-´v A-º-eØn-\p- k-ao-]w j-ao-dn(22)s\bm-Wv ]-≈p-cp-Øn kn.sF. hn Pn c-ho-{μ-\m-Yv t^m¿-´p-sIm-®nbn-se _-‘p-ho-´n¬ \n-∂v A-dkv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv. tXm-∏pw-]-Sn Igp-Øp-ap-´v Nq-te-g-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ am-Xm-]n-Xm-°-tfm-sSm-∏w hm-SI ho-´n¬- Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ 14Imcn-sb-bm-Wv C-bmƒ ]o-Un-∏n-®Xv. \m-ep-am-kw ap-ºv s]¨-Ip´n-bp-sS ho-Sn-\p- k-ao-]-sØ kplr-Øn-s‚ ho-´n-se-Øn-b bphm-hv s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-am-bn ]-cn-N-

b-s∏-Sp-I-bpw A-Sp-∏-Øn-em-hpI-bpw sN-bv-Xp. ]n-∂o-Sv s]¨Ip-´n-sb C-bmƒ ssew-Kn-I-ambn D-]-tbm-Kn-s®-∂m-Wv tI-kv. bp-hm-hp-am-bp-≈ {]-W-bw ]n-Xm-hv tNm-Zyw-sN-bv-X-Xn-s\Øp-S¿-∂p Xo-s°m-fp-Øn Bfl-l-Xy-°p {i-an-® s]¨-Ip-´n C-t∏mƒ F-d-Wm-Ip-fw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bnem-Wv. A-º-Xp- i-X-a-\w s]m≈-te-‰ s]¨-Ip-´n Kp-cp-X-cm-hÿ-bn-em-Wv. _-em¬-kw-KØn-\pw Ip-´n-Iƒ-s°-Xn-tc-bp≈ ssew-Kn-I- A-Xn-{I-aw X-Sb¬ \n-b-a-{]-Im-c-hp-am-Wv bphm-hn-s\-Xn-tc tI-sk-Sp-Øn-cn°p-∂-Xv. tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P-cm°n-b {]-Xn-sb dn-am‚ v sN-bv-Xp.

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W³ ]m-e-°m-Sv: A-ø-]p-cw {]-ao-f \n-hm-kn¬ Xcq¿ Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b-cpsS a-I≥ sI tKm-]m-eIr-jv-W≥ (70). ]n.Uªyp.Un a-e-ºp-g C-dntK-j≥ hn-`m-Kw dn-´. Poh-\-°m-c-\m-Wv. `m-cy: hn-im-em-£n. a-°ƒ: {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am¿ (tIm-gnt°m-Sv), {]-tam-Zv-Ip-am¿ (aw-K-fw, a-e-∏p-dw), {]k-∂-Ip-am-cn, {]-im-¥vIp-am¿ (Zn-\-a-e¿).

ap-l-½-Zv Ip-\n-bn¬: ta-em-]-dºn¬ Im-cm-´n¬ ap-l-ΩZv (69). `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: ap_-jn¿, ap≥-jn-Z.

aq-k-t¡m-b

a-S-hq¿: s]m-bn¬-Xm-gsØ ]p-dm-bn¬ aq-kt°m-b(62). `m-cy: A-eo-a. a-°ƒ: d^o-Jv(_-lv-d-bv≥), dwe, d-ko-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \tPm¬ ko-\, A-ssk≥ Im-hnIq-S-c-™n: aT-Øn-∏-dºn¬ tPm¨ (61). `m-cy: ep-Ωm-cw, C-kv-am-Cu¬ en-kn. a-°ƒ: {io-P, jn- ]p-√m-fq¿. k-tlm-Z-c߃: B-en-°p-´n, am-ap, Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\o-jv C-tØym-a, I-Zo-i, A(Iq-cm-®p-≠v), A-\o-jv eo-a, ssk-\-_, ]m-Øp(]p-∂-°¬). ´n, _p-jv-d, j-do-\, kmln-Z. Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv h-≠q¿: ]-g-b hm-Wn-b- _m-¸p-«n lm-Pn º-ew I-cp-hm-S≥ IpsN-Ω-e-t»-cn: s\-fn-b™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv (Ip-™m- Øv Ip-f-ºv {km-ºnWn˛55). `m-cy: _p-jv-d. °¬ _m-∏p-´n lm-Pn a-°ƒ: I-_o¿, aq-k. (86).

tUm. ]-Xva-\m-`-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw -kw-kv-I-cn-¨p Nn-‰q¿: a-lm-cm-jv-{S K-h¿-W¿ sI i-¶-c\m-cm-b-W-s‚ `m-cym-k-tlm-Z-co `¿-Ømhpw \m-ep- ]-Xn-‰m-≠n-te-sd Kp-cp-hm-bq¿, Nm-h° - m-Sv ta-Je - b - n¬ B-Xp-ct- k-h\ - c - wK-Øv \n-d-™p-\n-¬-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X tUm. sI ]-Xva\ - m-`s - ‚a - r-Xt- Z-lw kw-kvIm-cn®p. I-dp-Ia - W - n aq-tØ-SØ - v X-dh - m-´ph-f-∏n¬ hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-kvI - m-cw. K-h¿-W¿ sI i-¶-c-\m-cm-b-W≥, Fw.F¬.F-am-cm-b sI A-Nyp-X≥, jm^n ]-dº - n¬, \-Kc - k - ` - m sN-b¿-am≥ C≥Nm¿-Pv F≥ i-¶-c-ta-t\m≥, sI.]n.kn.kn sk-{I-´-dn N-{μ≥, Un.kn.kn {]-knU‚ v kn hn _m-eN - {- μ≥, ap≥ Fw.]n IrjvW - {- ]-km-Zv, sI Pn ti-Jc - \ - p-Æn ]-s¶Sp-Øp. `m-cy: tUm. ]m¿-hX - n. a-°ƒ: tUm. e-£v-ao-tZ-hn, tUm. \n¿-a-e, tUm. cm-Pvtam-l≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-]n≥-ta-t\m≥, cm[m-Ir-jvW - ≥, tUm. im-en-\n sd-Õn.

a√∏≈n:hr°tcmKw aqew Nn-In¬kbnembn cp∂ bphmhv acn®p. hmbv∏qcv ]p∂tØm´Øn ¬ kp-KX≥˛caWn ZºXnIfpsS aI≥ cXojv(29) BWv acn®Xv. Ccphr°Ifpw XIcmdn embXns\ XpS¿∂v Xncp h√bnse kzImcy Bip ]{Xnbn¬ Nn-In¬kbnembncp∂p. kuaybmWv `mcy. kwkvImcw \S-Øn.

ss{UhnMv kvIqÄ DS-aXos¡m-fp¯n acn¨\ne-bnÂ

tIm∂n: ss{UhnMv kvIqƒ DS-a-bmb kv{Xosb hoSn-\p-≈n¬ Xos°m-fpØn acn®\nebn¬ Is≠-Øn. tNcoap°v ]qh≥]md iyman-\n`-h-\n¬ cm[n-I(-{]-`˛45) BWv acn-®-Xv. C∂se Bdp-a-Wntbm-sS-bm-bn-cp∂p kw`hw. t]mensk-Øp-tºm-tg°pw AS-®n´ hoSn-\p≈n¬ IØn-°-cn™ \ne-bn-embncp∂p arXtZlw. ssN\m-ap-°n\v kao]w Knse-bmZv F∂ t]cn¬ ss{UhnMv kvIqƒ \S-Øn-h-cn-sI-bm-bn-cp∂p. tIm∂n t]menkv ta¬\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn-®p. aIƒ: iymanen.

Im-c-¸m-d F-tÌ-äp-I-fp-sS ]m-«-¡-cmÀ d-±m-¡n Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: s\-√nbm-º-Xn-bn-se Im-c-∏m-d F, _n F-tÃ-‰p-I-fp-sS ]m´-°-cm¿ k¿-°m¿ d-±m-°n. I-cm¿ N-´-ß-fn¬ ew-L\w \-S-Øn-sb-∂p t_m-[ys∏-´-Xn-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-em-Wv \-S-]-Sn. B-bn-ctØm-fw G-°¿- h-cp-∂ Cu F-kv-t‰-‰p-I-fn-se `q-an k¿-°m¿ A-\p-a-Xn-bn-√msX ssI-am-‰w sN-ø-cp-sX∂pw F-kv-t‰-‰v Cu-Sp-h-®v hm-bv-] F-Sp-°-cp-sX-∂p-ap≈ \n-_-‘-\ ew-Ln-®-Xmbn I-s≠-Øn-b-Xn-s\-ØpS¿-∂v F-kv-t‰-‰v D-S-a-Iƒ°v h-\w-h-Ip-∏v t\m-´o-kv \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p.

s\-√n-bm-º-Xn-bn¬ ]m´-°-cm¿ ew-Ln-® F-kv-t‰‰p-Iƒ Xn-cn-®p-]n-Sn-°p-∂Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bm-Wv \-S-]Sn. Im-c-∏m-d F F-kv-t‰-‰v Cu-Sp-\¬-In 3.34 tIm-Sn cq] hm-bv-]-sb-Sp-Ø-Xm-bpw I-cm¿ ew-Ln-®v F-kv-t‰‰n¬ Sq-dn-kw dn-tkm¿-´v XpS-ßn-b-Xm-bpw I-s≠-Ønbn-cp-∂p. C-Ø-c-Øn¬ Icm¿ ew-L-\-߃ ap-∏-tXmfw F-kv-t‰-‰p-I-fn¬ \-S-∂Xm-bm-Wv k¿-°m¿ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. Im-cm-∏m-d F-kvt‰-‰p-I-fn-se 1118 G-°¿ `qan G-s‰-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠m-Wv k¿-°m¿ D-Ø-c-hn-d-°n-bncn-°p-∂-Xv.

\-h-h-[p Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn ]-ø-∂q¿: \-h-h-[p-hn-s\ `¿-Xrho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. A-∂q¿ I-≠-t°mc≥-ap-°n-se Sm-Iv-kn ss{U-h¿ k-Pp-hn-s‚ `m-cy B-im-eX(21)-bm-Wv -a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw ssh-Io-´v 6.45Hm-sS- kmPp-hn‚ am-Xm-hm-Wv C-h-sc Xqßn-b-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. Cu ka-b-w `¿-Øm-hv km-Pp ]p-d-Øpt]m-bXmb-n-cp-∂p. C-h-cp-sS hn-hm-lw I-gn™n-´v \m-ep am-k-ta B-bn-´p≈q. D-Up-∏n-˛-I-¥m-]p-cw kz-tZin-bm-Wv B-im-e-X. ]-n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cp-Wm-I-c sj-´n. am-Xm-hv: c-Xv-\m-h-Xn. k-tlm-Zc≥: cm-a-N-{μ sj-´n. ar-X-tZ-lw ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿´w \-S-Øn.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

6 k-]v-Xw-_¿ 2013 sh≈n

\-S-³ l-¡ow A-´-cn-¨p {]-`m-I-c³ ]n-Å

sNø³

tIm-in am-Xyp

adn-bm½ amXyqkv

^n-en-¸v Nm-t¡m

Zm-tam-Z-c³

tZ-h-ky

tKm-]m-e³ \m-bÀ

Xn-cph√: Ip-‰q¿ {]-`me-b-Øn¬ {]-`m-I-c≥]n-≈ (65). (dn-´. sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn Po-h-\°m-c≥). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: kck-Ω. a-°ƒ: {]-`, Zo], tim-`. a-cp-a°ƒ; cmP≥, {]-k∂≥, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿.

Xn-cp-h√: \nc-Ww In-g°pw-`m-Kw s]m-´-dp-a-Xn¬ Im-°-\m-´p-Ip-gn-bn¬ sI sI sN√-∏≥ (74). kw-kv-I-m-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v H-∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: Im¿-Xym-b\n. a°ƒ; cm-a-N-{μ≥, kptc-{μ≥, kp-\n¬, am-bmtZhn. a-cp-a°ƒ: hna-e, P-KZ-Ω, kp-\n-X, hn-t\mZv.

Xn-cph√: dn-´. sdbn¬th D-t±ym-K-ÿ≥ Xq-ºp-¶¬ kn tIm-in am-Xyp (84). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv. `mcy: X¶-Ω. a°ƒ: kq-k≥ tPm¨, amXyp Sn tImin, emep. a-cp-a°ƒ; tPm¨ amXyp, an-\n am-Xyp, ^m. Ip-cy≥ Zm-\n-tb¬.

sNß-∂q¿: tImSp-Ipf™n, ]≈Øv Ing-t°Xn¬, ]n Sn amXyq-kns‚ `mcy adn-bmΩ amXyqkv(Ip-™Ω ˛ 69). kwkvImcw C∂v cmhnse 10.30 \v kn.-Fkv.sF ss{IÃv N¿®v skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ: Po¬, PqUn, sP\n acp-a-°ƒ: F_n, _nPn, Aizn≥.

ap-≠-°-bw: A-a-cm-h-Xn tXm-∏n¬ Zm-tam-Z-c≥ (84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `m-cy: im-c-Z A-Xnc-ºp-g s\-Sp-th-en¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: tim`-\, kp-Pm-X, k-Po-h≥, k-Xo-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io[-c≥, hn-iz≥, k-_n-Z, _o-\ (sk‚ v tPm-k-^v kv-Iqƒ A-[ym-]n-I).

Cu-tim

ap-≠-°-bw: th-e-\n-ew sIm-√w-]-d-ºn¬ sI Un tZ-h-ky (97). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v sk‚ v ta-co-kv ]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-∂-Ω aq-´n-°¬ ]-S-\new Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a°ƒ: Ip-´n-b-Ω, ta-cn-°p´n, sIm-®p-Ip-´n, A-∏®≥, tPm-kv tXm-a-kv, kn-kn-en-°p-´n, tdm-k-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: t_-_n, ^nen-∏v, ta-cn, sk-en≥, knPn, Nn-∂-Ω, A-\n¬, t_-_n.

s]m≥-Ip-∂w: ]m-´p-]m-d tXm-´p-hm-]-d-ºn¬ tKm]m-e≥ \m-b¿ (80). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: k-c-k-Ω. a-°ƒ: Atim-Iv, A-\n¬, A-\n-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-i, c-iv-an, c-ta-iv.

]q-®m-°¬: ssX-°m-´pti-cn ]-©m-b-Øv \memw hm¿-Un¬ \m-K-tcg-Øv Nn-d-bn¬ lw-k (65). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 11 \v tX-h¿-h´w Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬. `m-cy: Ip¬kpw-Ω, a-°ƒ: Xm-Pp±o≥, \u-jm-Zv, kpss_¿, kp-\n-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: dw-e-Øv, A≥-kne, sj-an.

I-Sp-Øp-cp-Øn: dn-´. ]n.U-ªp.Un D-tZym-Kÿ≥ am-∂m¿ Io-g-ßm´v ^n-en-∏v Nm-t°m (87). kw-kv-°m-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v am∂m¿ sk‚ v ta-co-kv au-≠v ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b A∂-Ω, C-c-hn-aw-K-ew aWn-bn-e-]p-d-Øv Ip-Spw_m-Kw, A-∂-Ω (am∂m¿). a-°ƒ: eo-em-Ω, kn-ÿ B-eo-kv (B¿. F-^v.Sn.F-kv), en- n, ta-gv-kn, tPm-fn, ssje, tXm-a-kv ^n-en-∏v, ]tc-X-bm-b t{X-kym-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^n-en-∏v, tacn-°p-´n, Ip-™p-tam≥, Ão-^≥, am-Øp-°p-´n, t_-_n, tPm-kv

]-c-ta-iz³ Xn-cph√: Xp-I-e-t»-cn a-Wn-°p-∂n¬ ]-c-ta-izc≥ (80). kw-kv-Im-cw \SØn. `m-cy: Pm\-Ω. a°ƒ: l-cn, kp-tcjv, Ipi-e, h¬k-e, Ko-X, iym-af.

e-£v-an ]q-®m-°¬: ]m-Wm-h≈n ]-©m-b-Øv \memw hm¿-Un¬ sNº≥ X-d-bn¬ ]-c-taiz-c-s‚ `m-cy e-£v-an (75). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cmhn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. a-°ƒ: D-j, c-a, an-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-Pb≥, ]p-jv-I-c≥, t{]wIp-am¿.

tIm-g-t©-cn: Ip-dn-b-∂q¿ am-fn-tb°¬ Fw.-Sn. Cu-tim (Ip-™p-Ip-´n-˛85) . kwkv-Im-cw C-{∂m-hn-se 11.-30\v Ip-dn-b-∂q¿ sk‚ v tXm-a-kv am¿tØm-Ωm ]-≈n-bn¬ \S-°pw. `m-cy:]-tc-X-bmb X-¶-Ω. a-°ƒ-˛ Fw.C. tXm-a-kv, Fw.-C. Ae-Iv-km-≠¿(bp-F-kvF). a-cp-a-°ƒ-˛ eu-en, B-\n(bp.-F-kv-.F)

lw-k

th-em-bp-[³

B-e-Øq¿: _m-¶v tdmUv ]-≠m-c-°m-Sv th-emX-¦-¸³ bp-[≥ (81). `m-cy: thB-e-∏p-g: \-K-c-k-` ]-g- i. a-°ƒ: h-k-¥, c-aho-Sv hm¿-Un¬ h-en-b ]p-c-bv-°¬ ho-´n¬ X-¶- Wn,Kn-cn-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Nm-ap-Æn, cm-P≥, ap∏≥ (64). `m-cy: s]-ÆØp. Ω. a-I≥: B-Z¿-iv.

]m-©m-en D-cp-h-®m¬: sI.]n.B¿ \-K-dn-se {io-\n-eb-Øn¬ ]m-d-°-S-h≥ ]m-©m-en (90). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Xp-ø-Øv Nm-Øp. a-°ƒ: Z-b-tcmØv P-\m¿-±-\≥, kp-tc{μ≥ (F-kv.sF. I-Æhw kv-t‰-j≥), \m-Wp, I-eym-Wn, ap-Ip-μ≥, ]pcp-jp, kp-a-Xn, ]-tc-X-cmb _m-e≥, k-tcm-Pn-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn-\n, Pm-\p, Ko-X, kp-te-J, do-Ø, ssj-e, h¬k≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm]m-e≥.

]m-¯p-½ A-e-\-√q¿: Im-c tXmc-°m-´n¬ ]-g-tØm-´n߬ ssk-Xm-en-bp-sS `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ω (90). a°ƒ: ]m-Øp-Ω, Bep, a-dn-b, ssk-\-_, A-_p.

I-Zn-b a-¶-S: I-S-∂-a-Æ ]-tcX-\m-b ]-≈n-bm-en¬ Ip-™o-s‚ `m-cy I-Zn-b (100). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, J-Zo-P, B-an-\, \-^nk, B-bn-j.

d-low s]m-∂m-\n: h-≠n-t∏-´°p k-ao-]w ]m-e-°¬ dlow (24). Nm-W-bn-se tlm-´¬sXm-gn-em-fn-bmbn-cp-∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b sam-bv-Xo≥-_m-h. am-Xmhv: sF-io-_n. `m-cy: dkn-b. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv d-k¬, k¬-am-\p¬ ^m-cn-kv.

c-ho-{µ³ C-cn-°q¿: s]-cp-h-f-Øp]-d-ºv {Ko-jv-am tlm´epS-a Ip-fn-™-bn-se \o-em-t¶m-Øv c-ho-{μ≥ (48). ]n-Xm-hv: ssX-h-f∏n¬ Ip-™n-cm-a≥. amXm-hv: \o-em-t¶m-Øv am[-hn. `m-cy: ]n F-kv im¥. a-°ƒ: c-ay, tc-jv-a, {Ko-jv-a. a-cp-a-I≥: cq-t]jv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: kp[m-I-c≥, h-k-¥, \m-cmb-W≥ (Kƒ-^v), {]-Imi≥.

A-c-hn-µm-£³ D-®n-IÀ-¯ B-e-Øq¿: s\-∑m-d, Xn-cp-h-gn-bm-Sv sIm-S-a-cw sX-t°-\m-b¿ ho-´n¬ A-c-hn-μm-£≥ D-ÆnI¿-Ø (86). `m-cy: ssl-am-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: cmPo-hv I¿-Ø, kp-tc-jv, Zn-t\-jv, k-Pn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: an-\n, e-fn-X, ]m¿h-Xn,ap-c-fn.

a-dn-bm-½ C-cn-´n: sh-fn-am-\-sØ Xp-≠n-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb tXm-a-kn-s‚ `m-cy adn-bm-Ω(72). a-°ƒ: tagv-kn, tPm-kv, tSm-an®≥, B-en-kv, sd-Pn. acp-a-°ƒ: tPm-bn, B-\nkv, A-∏-®≥, sP-kn, _n-μp.

G-en-¡p-«n

hÀ-¡n

am-Xyp

l-k³-_m-h dm-hp-¯À

tZh-In-b-½

ku-Z

shtdm-Wn-¡

Ip-«-¸³

Iq-´n-°¬: h-√n-‰ a-ÆpIp-f-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b tXm-a-kn-s‚ `m-cy G-en°p-´n (90). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v Iq-´n°¬ sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv ]≈n-bn¬. ]-tc-X a-e-bn©n-∏m-d Im-™n-c-Øn¶¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. aIƒ: Ip-´n-b-Ω. a-cp-aI≥: eq-°.

Nm-a-°m-e: ap-≈≥-Ip-gnbn¬ h¿-°n (90). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 a-Wn-°v sk≥-ta-co-kv]m-td¬-]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: G-en \-ºym-Ip-fw ta-t®-cn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw.a-°ƒ: Gen-°p-´n, `m-kv-°-c≥, en√n, t_m-_n≥-kv-. a-cp-a°ƒ: hn-th-Im-\-μ≥ am≥-sh-´w ( dn-´.sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn), N-{μn-I Xr-∏q-Wn-Øp-d, tPm-kv]m-tdm-en-°¬, eo-\ Nma-°m-e.

ap-°q-´p-X-d: F-en-hmen-°-c A-co-∏-d-ºn¬ am-Xyp (am-Øp-°p-´n ˛89). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 12\v s{]m-t∏m-kv sk‚ v C-·m-Øn-tbmkv bm-t°m-_m-b ]≈n-bn¬. `m-cy ]-tc-X-bm-b X-¶Ω ]-Ø-\m-]p-cw hm-gtØm-∏n¬ C-Sn-°n-t\Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ : Ip-™p-tamƒ, A-®≥-Ip-™v, D-Ω®≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ : sN-dnbm-®≥ Ip-cn-ip-Ipt∂¬ sIm-√-ap-f, enkn, hn-\o-X.

N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ssI-X-ae ]-tc-°p-Sn-en¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]n-≈-bv-∏-dm-hp-Ødp-sS a-I≥ l-k≥ dm-hpØ¿ (86). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v G-‰p-am-\q¿ ssIX-a-e Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬. `m-cy: ^m-Øn-Ω. a-°ƒ: \q¿-P-lm≥, k-_n-b, sse-em, B-_n-Zm, \-_ok-Øv, \-ko-a, \-Po-d, sj-ao, _-jo¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b sk-bv-Xp-ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-enbm¿-Ip-´n, C-kv-am-bn¬, l-ao-Zv, kn-±o-Jv \u-jm-Zv, lm-cn-kv, ssk-\-_.

Iß-g: I-ß-g- tI-Zmdn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b sI Pn Zm-tam-Z-cta-t\m-s‚ `m-cy tZ-h-In-b-Ω (84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D®bv°v c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. a°ƒ: im¥-Ω, D-j, kp-[, ]-tc-X\m-b X-¶aWn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-a-Zmkv, cm-P-tam-l-\≥ \mb¿, in-h≥-]n≈ (sk≥{S¬ FIv-ssk-kv, F-dW-m-Ipfw), ]-tc-X\m-b kp-Ip-am-c-]n≈.

A-cq¿: A-cq¿ ]-©mbØv F´mw hm¿-Un¬ h-St°-]p-fn-°-∏-d-ºn¬ ]tc-X\m-b A-–p¬-d“m≥ ap-kv-en-bm-cp-sS aI≥ jw-kp-±o-s‚ `m-cy ku-Z(42). a°ƒ: A¿jmZv, A≥-kn-e, A-\ok.

ssh-∏n≥ :Rmd-°¬ ]p∂-°m-∏-d-ºn¬ ]tcX-\mb Ah-dm-®s‚ `mcy shtdm-Wn-°-(96 ).Ip-º-fßn apcp-°pw-Xd IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. -a°ƒ:h¿Ko-kv (dn-´.^mŒv DtZym-K-ÿ≥),tP-°-_v, tPmk-^v,B‚-Wn- (sF-izcy tlm´¬ B‚ v t_°dn˛Rm-d-°¬), ta-cn, en√n. acp-a-°ƒ:]tc-Xbmb hnIvtSm-dn-b, ^ntem-an-\, Beo-kv, tamfn, ]tc-X-\mb h¿Ko-kv, tPmk-^v.

Icn-apIƒ: I-Sw-ºm-Øv aq-e-bn¬ Ip-´-∏≥ sI Fw (81). `mcy: ]-tcXbm-b Ip-™n-s]Æv. a°ƒ: am-[h≥ (t]menkv, Xr-»q¿), X-¶ (dn-´. A-[ym]nI), A-ΩnWn, ]-tc-X\mb cmP≥. a-cpa°ƒ: A-ø∏≥, {]-`mIc≥, Hma-\, A-Ωn-Wn.

cm-a³ -

\m-cm-b-W³

F-S-h-Æ-∏m-d: Hm-am\q¿ ]p-Xp-°p-Sn cm-a≥ (65). `m-cy: im-¥. a°ƒ: hn-P-b, t_-_n, {]n-b-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: `mkv-I-c≥, kp-`m-jv-N{μ≥ (_-l-vdbv≥), kpIp-am-c≥. k-tlm-Z-c߃: A-∏p (dn-´. t]men-kv k-_v C≥-kv-s]Œ¿), ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶c≥.

A-e-\-√q¿: ]m-e-°m-gn Ip-‰n-°m-´n¬ \m-cm-bW≥ (80). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Nn∂. a-°ƒ: P-b-N-{μ≥, Km-‘-Ip-am-cn, A-PnXIp-am-cn, P-b-{]-`, kpan-{X, P-b-Ip-am-c≥. a-cpa-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥, tam-l-\≥, t_-_n, _nμp, {]-`m-I-c≥, ]-tc-X\m-b A-∏p-Æn.

I-eym-Wn A-½ ]q-®° - m-Sv: In-gt- °-°c - Xm-t{Xm≥ ho-´n-se Be-t°m-Sn-®n Ieym-Wn A-Ω (99). `¿-Øm-hv: ]tc-X\ - m-b Xm-t{Xm≥ ho´n¬ I-Æ≥ a-Wn-bm-Wn-. a-°ƒ:]-tc-Xb - m-b IΩm-SØ - p, ap-Øm-Wn, Xºm-bn, _m-eI - r-jvW - ≥. a-cp-a° - ƒ: km-hn-{Xn, ]tc-Xc - m-b A-ºq-™n, tKm-]m-e≥, Ip-™n-cma≥.

A-\n-X-Ip-am-cn sam-Ih - q¿: ]-tc-X\ - m-b sIm-gº - p-dØ - v th-em-bp[-s‚ a-Iƒ A-\n-XI - pam-cn (46).

ssk-X-e-hn lm-Pn]q-t°m-´q-¿: I-cp-ºn-¬ ssk-X-e-hn lm-Pn (64). Kq-U-√q-¿ Pn.-sF.-F-^v. ÿm-]-\ D-S-a-bm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: dp-Jn-b. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv (Pn-km-≥), kp-lv-d, B-an-\, km-PnZ, d-kn-b, h-lo-Z, B-kn¿ k-l-¬. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: A-e-hn tIm-´ Nn-d-bn-¬, sam-bv-Xo-≥ AØm-Wn-°-¬, \m-k-¿ ]≈n-∏-Sn, ap-Po-_v d-lv-am≥ sam-d-bq-¿, Xm-Pp-±o-≥ A-cn-{º.

B-en- lm-Pn h-‰-eq¿: ta-°p-f-º aqfn-b≥ B-en- lm-Pn (75). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a l÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-l-ΩZv, A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv, ap-kvX-^, lw-k (Z-Ωmw), A-–p¬- \m-k¿ (Pnkm≥), kp-l-d, d-kn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-lΩ-Zv Ip-dp-h (k-_v C≥kv-s]-Œ¿), sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n h-en-bm-Sv (]n.Uªyp.Un, A-´-∏m-Sn), ssa-aq-\, kp-sse-J, keo-\, J-Zo-P, k-^o-e.

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W³ ]m-e-°m-Sv: A-ø-]p-cw {]-ao-f \n-hm-kn¬ Xcq¿ Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b-cpsS a-I≥ sI tKm-]m-eIr-jv-W≥ (70). ]n.Uªyp.Un a-e-ºp-g C-dntK-j≥ hn-`m-Kw dn-´. Poh-\-°m-c-\m-Wv. `m-cy: hn-im-em-£n. a-°ƒ: {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am¿ (tIm-gnt°m-Sv), {]-tam-Zv-Ip-am¿ (aw-K-fw, a-e-∏p-dw), {]k-∂-Ip-am-cn, {]-im-¥vIp-am¿ (Zn-\-a-e¿).

ap-l-½-Zv Ip-\n-bn¬: ta-em-]-dºn¬ Im-cm-´n¬ ap-l-ΩZv (69). `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: ap_-jn¿, ap≥-jn-Z.

aq-k-t¡m-b

a-S-hq¿: s]m-bn¬-Xm-gsØ ]p-dm-bn¬ aq-kt°m-b(62). `m-cy: A-eo-a. a-°ƒ: d^o-Jv(_-lv-d-bv≥), dwe, d-ko-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \tPm¬ ko-\, A-ssk≥ Im-hnIq-S-c-™n: aT-Øn-∏-dºn¬ tPm¨ (61). `m-cy: ep-Ωm-cw, C-kv-am-Cu¬ en-kn. a-°ƒ: {io-P, jn- ]p-√m-fq¿. k-tlm-Z-c߃: B-en-°p-´n, am-ap, Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\o-jv C-tØym-a, I-Zo-i, A(Iq-cm-®p-≠v), A-\o-jv eo-a, ssk-\-_, ]m-Øp(]p-∂-°¬). ´n, _p-jv-d, j-do-\, kmln-Z. Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv h-≠q¿: ]-g-b hm-Wn-b- _m-¸p-«n lm-Pn º-ew I-cp-hm-S≥ IpsN-Ω-e-t»-cn: s\-fn-b™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv (Ip-™m- Øv Ip-f-ºv {km-ºnWn˛55). `m-cy: _p-jv-d. °¬ _m-∏p-´n lm-Pn a-°ƒ: I-_o¿, aq-k. (86).

tIm-´-bw: kw-hn-[m-b-I-\pw \-S-\pw an-an-{In I-emIm-c-\p-am-b l-°ow (sI F≥ A-_v-Zp¬ l-°ow dmhp-Ø¿-˛58) A-¥-cn-®p. izm-k-tIm-i tcm-K-sØ XpS¿-∂v tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ C-∂-se cmhn-se H-º-tXm-sSbm-Wv a-c-Ww. P-b-cm-Pv kw-hn[m-\w sN-bv-X Nn-{Xß-fn-se ÿn-cw km- ∂ n- [ y- a m- b n- c p∂ l-°ow I-em-`h≥ a-Wn-sb \m-bI-\m-°n Zn Km¿-Uv F-∂ Nn-{Xw kw-hn-[m-\w sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v. H-cp I-Ym]m-{Xw am-{X-ap-≈ kn-\n-a F-∂ \n-e-bn¬ Cu Nn{Xw {i-≤n-°-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. sIm-®n≥ I-em-`-h-\n¬ Aw-K-am-bn-cp-∂ l-°ow, tb-ip-Zm-kn-s‚ Km-\-ta-f-I-fp-sS C-S-th-f-bn¬ an-an{In A-h-X-cn-∏n-®m-Wv I-em-cw-K-tØ-°p h-∂-Xv. 1991¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b aq-°n-√m-cm-Py-Øv ap-dn-ap°≥ cm-Pm-hv F-∂ kn-\n-a-bn¬ a-t\m-tcm-Kn-sb Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠v kn-\n-a-bn¬ A-c-tß-dn-. tPmWn-hm-°¿, ss]-Xr-Iw, a-{¥-tam-Xn-cw, In-km≥, Hm¿-a- am-{Xw, Xn-f-°w, sh-´w, c-kn-I≥, ]-´-WØn¬ kp-μ-c≥, Im-gv-N F-∂o kn-\n-a-I-fn-epw A-`n\-bn-®n-´p-≠v. 1992¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b P-b-cm-Pv kwhn-[m-\w sN-bv-X tPm-Wn-hm-°-dn-se am-^n-bm kwLmw-K-Øn-s‚ th-j-am-Wv C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ {i-≤n-°s∏-´ I-Ym-]m-{Xw. 2011¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b \m-bn-Ibm-Wv A-h-km-\ -Nn-{Xw. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v ssh-°o-´v A-©n-\v tIm-´-bw Su¨ Xm-Pv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. tIm-´bw sIm-¥m-´p-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-hq¿ I-\n dmhp-Ø-cp-sS a-I-\m-Wv l-°ow. K-k¬ c-N-bn-Xm-hpw Km-bn-I-bp-am-b tZ-ho-ta-t\m-\m-Wv `m-cy.

aÂ-ky-s¯m-gn-em-fn Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp a-cn¨p

A-º-e∏p-g: a¬-ky-_-‘-\-Øn-\n-sS a¬kysØm-gn-em-fn Ip-g-™p-ho-Wp a-cn®p. A-º-e-∏p-g sX-°v ]-©mb-Øv tIm-a-\ hS-t° ho-´n¬ jn-_p (47) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C∂-se ]p-e¿-s® tIm-a-\ Xoc-Øv a¬-ky_‘\ sXm-gn-en-te¿-s∏-´n-cp-∂ C-t±-lw Ip-g-™pho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. Xp-S¿-∂p a-‰v sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ h-≠m-\w sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Poh≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn√. `mcy: tkm-P. a°ƒ: Ko-Xp, D-Æn-am-b.

hr¡tcm-Kw- _m-[n¨ bphmhv acn¨p

a√∏≈n:hr°tcmKw aqew Nn-In¬kbnembn cp∂ bphmhv acn®p. hmbv∏qcv ]p∂tØm´Øn ¬ kp-KX≥˛caWn ZºXnIfpsS aI≥ cXojv(29) BWv acn®Xv. Ccphr°Ifpw XIcmdn embXns\ XpS¿∂v Xncp h√bnse kzImcy Bip ]{Xnbn¬ Nn-In¬kbnembncp∂p. kuaybmWv `mcy. kwkvImcw \S-Øn.

ss{UhnMv kvIqÄ DS-aXos¡m-fp¯n acn¨\ne-bnÂ

tIm∂n: ss{UhnMv kvIqƒ DS-a-bmb kv{Xosb hoSn-\p-≈n¬ Xos°m-fpØn acn®\nebn¬ Is≠-Øn. tNcoap°v ]qh≥]md iyman-\n`-h-\n¬ cm[n-I(-{]-`˛45) BWv acn-®-Xv. C∂se Bdp-a-Wntbm-sS-bm-bn-cp∂p kw`hw. t]mensk-Øp-tºm-tg°pw AS-®n´ hoSn-\p≈n¬ IØn-°-cn™ \ne-bn-embncp∂p arXtZlw. ssN\m-ap-°n\v kao]w Knse-bmZv F∂ t]cn¬ ss{UhnMv kvIqƒ \S-Øn-h-cn-sI-bm-bn-cp∂p. tIm∂n t]menkv ta¬\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn-®p. aIƒ: iymanen.

Hm-Sn-s¡m-−n-cp-¶ _-Ên \n-¶p ho-Wv I-−-ÎÀ a-cn-¨p eo-e

\-µn-\n

A-Pn-X

ta-cn

sXm-½³ a-¯m-bn

k-hn-Xm tZ-hn

kp-Ip-am-c³

tPm-tPm

tNμ-aw-Kew: h-en-b-]-gºn-≈n Xp-cp-Øv sh¨-a\-t»-cn¬ Xp-cp-Øv a-\t»-cn¬ {io-[c-s‚ `m-cy eo-e (92). kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: hn sI ap-cp-tIi≥ (dn-´. sl-Uvam-ÿ t_m-bn-kv sslkv-Iqƒ t\m¿-Øv ]-dhq¿), hn F-kv _m_p (kn.]n.Fw. tem-°¬ IΩn-‰n sk-{I-´dn, tN-μawK-ew), hn F-kv kp`mjv (sI.F-kv.C._n.), hn F-kv {]-` (dn-´. A[ym]n-I hn.kn.F-kv.F®v.F-kv.Fkv.), hn F-kv A-ºnfn. a-cp-a°ƒ: ssj-e ap-cp-tI-i≥, s]m∂-Ω _m_p, l-cn-l-c≥ hn sI, em-e≥ hn Fw.

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: Im-b-\m-Sv tXm-´-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jvW-s‚ `m-cy \-μn\n (81). a°ƒ: kc-f, tim-`, hna-e, sP-bnwkv (^b¿-t^m-gv-kv, aq-hm-‰p]p-g) a-cp-a°ƒ: tKm-]n h-Æ-∏pdw, in-h≥ Iogn√w, s\-kn-\n Nm-e°pSn, jm-Pn B-\n-°mSv, ]-tc-Xbm-b iin Im-b\m-Sv.

Beph(Io-gv-amSv): Io-gvam-Sv C-©n-°-c-]-d-ºn¬ th-em-bp[-s‚ a-Iƒ APn-X (38).

tIm-X-aw-Kew: tIm-gn-∏n≈n C-e-™n-°¬ B‚Wn-bpsS (Ip-™®≥) `m-cy ta-cn (73). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v tIm-X-awK-ew sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv I-Øo-{U¬ skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]tc-X tN¿-Ø-e h-bem¿ tN-{μ-bn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-amWv. a°ƒ: sNdn-bm≥, Po-e, kp-a, enPn, tPm_n, tXm-akv, kn\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]ufn≥ Nm-°m-e-bn¬, tambn-®≥ a-‰w Ip-cy-\mSv, B‚Wn Cu-∏≥ I-Sa∏p-g Im-™n-c-∏n≈n, t]m-fn sh-≈p-°p-t∂¬ sN-Ω-e-a‰w, {]n-b, A\p, a-t\mPv.

tIm-X-aw-Kew: \m-Sp-ImWn X-In-Sn-bn¬ sXmΩ≥ a-Øm-bn (84). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10.30\v \m-Sp-Im-Wn sk‚ v tXma-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: tXm-ew-am-°n¬ ta-cn aØmbn. a°ƒ: tXm-akv, enkn, tUmfn, an\n, _nPp, kPn. a-cp-a°ƒ: sa¿fn, ]-tc-X\m-b X¶®≥, tSman, hn-t\mZv, tkm^n, Po-\.

]-d-hq¿: a-S-πm-Xn-cp-Øv aT-Øn¬ Fw hn cm-PtKm-]m-ens‚ (dn-´. Irjn h-Ip-∏v tPm-. U-bdŒ¿) `m-cy kn hn k-hnXm tZ-hn (68). h-S-t°-°c ]p-Xn-b-Im-hv K-h. ssl-kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A[ym-]n-I-bmWv. a°ƒ: kv-an-X (]-≈p-cp-Øn Fkv.Un.]n.ssh ssl-kvIqƒ), Zo-]Iv. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-t\mZv (F-®v.F≥. F¬. tIm´-bw), tkmWn-b (t•m-_¬ ]-ªn°v kv-Iqƒ, Xn-cp-hm-Wnbq¿).

Cu-Ãv tN-cm-s\√q¿: HmW-ºn-≈n A-t´m-fn ]-tcX\m-b th-em-bp[-s‚ aI≥ kp-Ip-am-c≥ (79). `mcy: tIm-S-\m-Sv tXm-Wn]-d-ºn¬ \-fn\n. a°ƒ: I-e, I-tejv, A-\n¬, _nPp, ssjPp. a-cpa°ƒ: kp-tcjv Hm-Wº≈n, ]-tc-Xbm-b teJ, _n-Pp C-Sp°n, ^nPn, A-\nX.

Ip-º-fßn: Ip-º-fßn˛ aq-tØ-cn ss]-en aI≥ tPm-tPm (tPm¿-Pv˛49). `mcy: enPn. a°ƒ: \nPp, canX

ao-\m-£n Xm-a-c-t»-cn: t]m¿tßm-´q¿ Ip-º-f-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b D-t∏-c-s‚ `m-cy ao-\m-£n (78). a-°ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, btim-Z, I-a-e, {io-\n-hmk≥, A-\n-X, ]-tc-X\m-b k-Zm-\-μ≥.

lw-k BeßmSv: I-Sp-∏m-Sw an√p]-Sn hm-g-°maTw ho´n¬ lw-k (72). `mcy: \^o-k. a°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b A–p¬ d-joZv, \m-Zn¿-j, k^¿ (C-cp-hcpw JØ¿), A-Iv_¿, \-ko-a, \q¿-P-lm≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: C-{_m-lnw, C-kv-a-bn¬, B-jn-X, Pm-kv-an≥, kp¬-^Øv, d-jo-Z.

A-½-Zv h-S-I-c: A-cq-cv ]-tc-X\m-b ]p-fn-bw-ho-´n¬ Ip-™-–p-√- lm-Pn-bpsS a-I≥ A-Ω-Zv (48).

tKm-]m-e³ h-S-I-c: B-Zy-Ime tIm¨-{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI≥ a-Wn-bq¿ Xp-d-t»-cn°-S-hv sN-dn-b Xp-cp-Ønbn¬ tKm-]m-e≥ (87). `m-cy: b-tim-Z (h-S-I-c). a-°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, hn-P-b≥, i-in, k-Xo-i≥, Ip-™n-t°f-∏≥, ssi-e-P, c-hn.

Nn-cp-tX-bn sIm-bn-em-≠n: sh-≈-d°m-Sv sX-cp-hn-se sXs° `-K-h-Xn-Im-hn¬ Nncp-tX-bn (98). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a≥. a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bW≥, I-eym-Wn, {io-[c≥, Ko-X, ]-tc-X-cm-b N¥p-°p-´n, Ip-™n-Ir-jvW≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bWn, tI-fp, Pm-\-In, tZ-hIn, _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, efn-Xm-a-W-n.

Ieym-Wn B-e-Øq¿: tXm-Wn-∏mSw sN-dm-t°m-´n¬ ]-tcX-\m-b th-em-bp-[-s‚ `m-cy I-eym-Wn (94). a°ƒ: Fw hn th-Wp-tKm]m¬, I-a-ew. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Hm-a-\, hmkp, c-°p-Æn, ]-tc-X-\mb ho-cm-≠n.

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \m-bÀ h-S-I-c: B-Zy-Im-e tIm¨-{K-kv-˛-sF.F≥.Sn.bp.kn t\-Xm-hv A-go-bqcn-se Ip-™n-cm-a≥ \mb¿ (84). `m-cy: ]-Zv-am-£n A-Ω. a-°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥ (kv-]n-∂n-Mv an¬), P-b-cmP≥, t{]-a, {]-ao-f, {]-koX, {]-ho-W, k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿ (a-kv-°Øv).

e-£v-an-A-½ s]-cp-h-Æm-aq-gn: ]-¥-ncn-°-c-bn-se ]p-Ø≥-]pc-h-f-∏n¬ e-£v-an-A-Ω (93).

F-bÀ C-´y-s¡-Xn-tc 14Im-cn-sb ]o-Un-¸n-¨ tI-kn tem-Iv A-Zm-e-¯v hn-[n bp-hm-hv A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap∂-dn-bn-∏n√msX bm-{Xm-k-a-bw am-‰nbXns\ XpS¿∂v bm-{X-°m-cn-°p≠m-b \-jvS- w \n-IØ - m≥ F-b¿ C-¥y hn-am-\-°-º-\n-s°-Xn-tc Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw s]¿-a-\‚ v tem-Iv A-Zm-e-Øn-s‚ D-Ø-c-hv. ku-Znbn-se In-Mv Jm-en-Zv B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂ tUm. kn-‘p c-Lp-\m-Yn-\v \-„-]-cnlm-cw \¬-Im-\m-Wv D-Øc - h - v. 2011 am¿-®v 30\p cm-hn-se 11\p ]p-d-s∏-tS-≠ F-b¿ C-¥ym hnam-\w ]p-ds - ∏-´X - v D-®° - v aq-∂n-\p ti-j-am-b-Xn-\m¬ kn-‘p-hn-\v b-Ym-k-a-bw tPm-en-bn¬ {]-thin-°m-\m-bn-√. C-Xn-\m¬ B-ip]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X¿ tUm-Œ¿-s°-

Xn-tc in-£m-\S- ] - S- n- kzoI-cn®p. C-°m-cyw Im-Wn-®p kn-‘p Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw s]¿-a-\‚ v temIv A-Zm-eØ - n¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-. kn-‘p k-u-Zn A-td-_y-bn-ep≈ tPm-kv C‚¿-\m-j\ - ¬ h-gnbm-Wv Sn-°s - ‰-Sp-Øn-cp-∂X - v. bm-{Xm-hn-h-c-߃ A-dn-bnt°-≠-Xv {Sm-h¬ G-P≥-kn-bmsW-∂ F-b¿ C-¥y-bp-sS hm-Zw A-Zm-e-Øv Aw-Ko-I-cn-®n-√. GP≥-kn h-gn Sn-°-s‰-Sp-Øm-epw bm-{Xm-hn-h-c-߃ A-dn-bn-°m\p-≈ _m-[y-X hn-am-\-°-º-\n°p-s≠-∂v D-Ø-c-hn¬ hy-‡am-°n. F-b¿ C-¥y 9,800 cq-] \jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw \¬-Im-≥ D-Ø-chn´p.

]-≈p-cp-Øn: {]m-b-]q¿-Øn-bmhm-Ø s]¨-Ip-´n-sb ]o-Un-∏n® tI-kn-se {]-Xn-sb t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xp. ]-≈p-cp-Øn I-t®-cn-∏-Sn G-d-\m-´v A-º-eØn-\p- k-ao-]w j-ao-dn(22)s\bm-Wv ]-≈p-cp-Øn kn.sF. hn Pn c-ho-{μ-\m-Yv t^m¿-´p-sIm-®nbn-se _-‘p-ho-´n¬ \n-∂v A-dkv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv. tXm-∏pw-]-Sn Igp-Øp-ap-´v Nq-te-g-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ am-Xm-]n-Xm-°-tfm-sSm-∏w hm-SI ho-´n¬- Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ 14Imcn-sb-bm-Wv C-bmƒ ]o-Un-∏n-®Xv. \m-ep-am-kw ap-ºv s]¨-Ip´n-bp-sS ho-Sn-\p- k-ao-]-sØ kplr-Øn-s‚ ho-´n-se-Øn-b bphm-hv s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-am-bn ]-cn-N-

b-s∏-Sp-I-bpw A-Sp-∏-Øn-em-hpI-bpw sN-bv-Xp. ]n-∂o-Sv s]¨Ip-´n-sb C-bmƒ ssew-Kn-I-ambn D-]-tbm-Kn-s®-∂m-Wv tI-kv. bp-hm-hp-am-bp-≈ {]-W-bw ]n-Xm-hv tNm-Zyw-sN-bv-X-Xn-s\Øp-S¿-∂p Xo-s°m-fp-Øn Bfl-l-Xy-°p {i-an-® s]¨-Ip-´n C-t∏mƒ F-d-Wm-Ip-fw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bnem-Wv. A-º-Xp- i-X-a-\w s]m≈-te-‰ s]¨-Ip-´n Kp-cp-X-cm-hÿ-bn-em-Wv. _-em¬-kw-KØn-\pw Ip-´n-Iƒ-s°-Xn-tc-bp≈ ssew-Kn-I- A-Xn-{I-aw X-Sb¬ \n-b-a-{]-Im-c-hp-am-Wv bphm-hn-s\-Xn-tc tI-sk-Sp-Øn-cn°p-∂-Xv. tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P-cm°n-b {]-Xn-sb dn-am‚ v sN-bv-Xp.

Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv hn-f-bq¿: hn-f-bq¿ h-enb-]-d-ºn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´nbpsS ap-I≥ Ip-™pap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ip-™m∏ (40). F-kv.Un.]n.sF.bp-sS k-Po-h {]-h¿Ø-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: jn-_n-e, j-^o\, ap-l-Ω-Zv kn-\m≥. amXm-hv: _o-hn. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ap-l-Ω-Z-en (Pn-±), A-jv-d-^v.

ap-l-½-Zv h-≠q¿: im-¥n-\-K¿ hm-g-°m-S≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (80).`m-cy-am¿: km-Pn-X, ]-tc-X-bm-b ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ A-kokv, A-–p¬- k-emw, Pao-e, ssa-aq-\, _-jo¿, \-Po-_v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: dw-eØv, kp-sse-J, apw-Xmkv, A-kv-am-_n.

A-l-½-Zv Xn-cq¿: Xn-cp-\m-hm-b Ip-≠v-e-ßm-Sn I-S-t»-cn h-f-∏n¬ lw-k-lm-Pnbp-sS a-I≥ A-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ip-™p-´n (50).

tUm. ]-Xva-\m-`-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw -kw-kv-I-cn-¨p Nn-‰q¿: a-lm-cm-jv-{S K-h¿-W¿ sI i-¶-c\m-cm-b-W-s‚ `m-cym-k-tlm-Z-co `¿-Ømhpw \m-ep- ]-Xn-‰m-≠n-te-sd Kp-cp-hm-bq¿, Nm-h° - m-Sv ta-Je - b - n¬ B-Xp-ct- k-h\ - c - wK-Øv \n-d-™p-\n-¬-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X tUm. sI ]-Xva\ - m-`s - ‚a - r-Xt- Z-lw kw-kvIm-cn®p. I-dp-Ia - W - n aq-tØ-SØ - v X-dh - m-´ph-f-∏n¬ hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-kvI - m-cw. K-h¿-W¿ sI i-¶-c-\m-cm-b-W≥, Fw.F¬.F-am-cm-b sI A-Nyp-X≥, jm^n ]-dº - n¬, \-Kc - k - ` - m sN-b¿-am≥ C≥Nm¿-Pv F≥ i-¶-c-ta-t\m≥, sI.]n.kn.kn sk-{I-´-dn N-{μ≥, Un.kn.kn {]-knU‚ v kn hn _m-eN - {- μ≥, ap≥ Fw.]n IrjvW - {- ]-km-Zv, sI Pn ti-Jc - \ - p-Æn ]-s¶Sp-Øp. `m-cy: tUm. ]m¿-hX - n. a-°ƒ: tUm. e-£v-ao-tZ-hn, tUm. \n¿-a-e, tUm. cm-Pvtam-l≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-]n≥-ta-t\m≥, cm[m-Ir-jvW - ≥, tUm. im-en-\n sd-Õn.

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \m-bÀ am-ln: am-ln sd-bn¬-th kv-t‰-j-\v k-ao-]w Xmsg ]p-fn-bp-≈-Xn¬ Nm-a¶-≠n kn F-®v Ip-™ncm-a≥ \m-b¿ (64). ]≈q¿ kv-]n-∂n-Mv an¬ ap≥ Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-Wv. Agn-bq¿ a-fi-ew tIm¨{K-kv I-Ωn-‰n {]-knU‚ v, ]-≈q¿ kv-]n-∂nMv an¬ sF.F≥.Sn.bp.kn ssh-kv {]-knU‚ v ÿm-\-߃ h-ln®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ]-flm£n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥, P-bcm-P≥, t{]-a, {]-ao-f, {]ko-\, {]-ho-W, k-t¥mjv Ip-am¿ (a-kv-°-Øv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥, hn-P-b-Ip-am¿ (ku-Zn), {]-Zo-]≥ (sN-ss∂), KwKm-[-c≥, c-a, A-Pn-X, [\-e-£v-an.

G-‰p-am-\q¿: Hm-Sn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂ _- n¬ \n-∂v Xmsg ho-Wv I-≠-Œ¿ a-cn-®p. ]m-em ]q-h-c-Wn hn-f-°pam-Sw ap-≈p-th-ß-∏p-d-Øv Fw ]n am-Xyp-hn-s‚ a-I≥ hn-t\m-Zv am-Xyp( 28) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-´-®n-d ]m-e-Øn-\v k-ao-]w C-∂-se cm-hn-se 9.30 sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. ]m-em-bn¬ \n-∂v G-‰p-am-\qcn-te-°v h-cnI-bm-bn-cp-∂p _-kv. tUm-dn-\-cn-In¬ \n-∂v Sn-°-‰v sIm-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn-em-Wv hn-t\m-Zv ho-W-Xv. D-S≥ X-s∂ In-S-ßq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn-se-Øn-®p-sh-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv hn-t\m-Zv. A-Ω kp-io-em amXyp.kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v hn-f-°p-am-Sw sk‚ v tk-thygv-kv ]-≈n-bn¬.

hn-tÃPv Hm-^nkÀ j«n Ifn-¡nsS Ipg-ªpho-Wv a-cn-¨p

s]cp-ºm-hq¿: kp-lr-Øp-°-tfm-sSm-∏w _mUv an‚¨ I-fn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS hn-t√Pv Hm-^nk¿ Ipg™pho-Wv a-cn®p. sIm-ºm\-Sv kv-s]-jy¬ hn-t√Pv Hm-^n-kdm-b {]-f-b-°m-Sv sa-cn-em‚ v hn√-bn¬ Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ Pdmƒ-Uv tPmk-^v tKm-a-kv (53) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C∂-se cm{Xn F-´n-\m-Wv kw-`-hw.s]-cp-ºmhq¿ an-\n kn-hn¬ tÃ-j-≥ {Ku-≠n¬ j-´n¬ tIm¿´n¬ kp-lr-Øp-°ƒs°m-∏w I-fn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. D-S≥ s]-cp-ºm-hq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶nepw a-cn-®p. `m-cy: ta-cn. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v s\-Spß-{] sk‚ v tPmk^v ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬ \-S-°pw.

Im-c-¸m-d F-tÌ-äp-I-fp-sS ]m-«-¡-cmÀ d-±m-¡n Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: s\-√nbm-º-Xn-bn-se Im-c-∏m-d F, _n F-tÃ-‰p-I-fp-sS ]m´-°-cm¿ k¿-°m¿ d-±m-°n. I-cm¿ N-´-ß-fn¬ ew-L\w \-S-Øn-sb-∂p t_m-[ys∏-´-Xn-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-em-Wv \-S-]-Sn. B-bn-ctØm-fw G-°¿- h-cp-∂ Cu F-kv-t‰-‰p-I-fn-se `q-an k¿-°m¿ A-\p-a-Xn-bn-√msX ssI-am-‰w sN-ø-cp-sX∂pw F-kv-t‰-‰v Cu-Sp-h-®v hm-bv-] F-Sp-°-cp-sX-∂p-ap≈ \n-_-‘-\ ew-Ln-®-Xmbn I-s≠-Øn-b-Xn-s\-ØpS¿-∂v F-kv-t‰-‰v D-S-a-Iƒ°v h-\w-h-Ip-∏v t\m-´o-kv \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p.

s\-√n-bm-º-Xn-bn¬ ]m´-°-cm¿ ew-Ln-® F-kv-t‰‰p-Iƒ Xn-cn-®p-]n-Sn-°p-∂Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bm-Wv \-S-]Sn. Im-c-∏m-d F F-kv-t‰-‰v Cu-Sp-\¬-In 3.34 tIm-Sn cq] hm-bv-]-sb-Sp-Ø-Xm-bpw I-cm¿ ew-Ln-®v F-kv-t‰‰n¬ Sq-dn-kw dn-tkm¿-´v XpS-ßn-b-Xm-bpw I-s≠-Ønbn-cp-∂p. C-Ø-c-Øn¬ Icm¿ ew-L-\-߃ ap-∏-tXmfw F-kv-t‰-‰p-I-fn¬ \-S-∂Xm-bm-Wv k¿-°m¿ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. Im-cm-∏m-d F-kvt‰-‰p-I-fn-se 1118 G-°¿ `qan G-s‰-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠m-Wv k¿-°m¿ D-Ø-c-hn-d-°n-bncn-°p-∂-Xv.

\-h-h-[p Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn ]-ø-∂q¿: \-h-h-[p-hn-s\ `¿-Xrho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. A-∂q¿ I-≠-t°mc≥-ap-°n-se Sm-Iv-kn ss{U-h¿ k-Pp-hn-s‚ `m-cy B-im-eX(21)-bm-Wv -a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw ssh-Io-´v 6.45Hm-sS- kmPp-hn‚ am-Xm-hm-Wv C-h-sc Xqßn-b-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. Cu ka-b-w `¿-Øm-hv km-Pp ]p-d-Øpt]m-bXmb-n-cp-∂p. C-h-cp-sS hn-hm-lw I-gn™n-´v \m-ep am-k-ta B-bn-´p≈q. D-Up-∏n-˛-I-¥m-]p-cw kz-tZin-bm-Wv B-im-e-X. ]-n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cp-Wm-I-c sj-´n. am-Xm-hv: c-Xv-\m-h-Xn. k-tlm-Zc≥: cm-a-N-{μ sj-´n. ar-X-tZ-lw ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿´w \-S-Øn.


6

thÀ-]mSv

thiruvananthapuram

6 k-]v-Xw-_¿ 2013 sh≈n

\-S-³ l-¡ow A-´-cn-¨p Cu-iz-cn A-½

hÀ-¤o-kv X-¼n

c-a-Wn

cmtP-{µ³

{]-k-¶-Ip-amcn

]m-dp-Ip-«n A-½

am[-hn A-½

sN-´m-a-cm£n

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: X-g-h I-S-Øq¿ I-≠-Øn¬ X-d-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy Cu-iz-cn-A-Ω(75). a-°ƒ: h-k-¥-Ip-am-cn, P-K-Z-Ω, c-Xv-\-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: N-{μ≥-]n-≈, cm[m-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈, i-in[-c≥-]n-≈.

I-S-bv-°¬: B-ep-aq´o¬ ]-≈n-In-g-°-Xn¬ h¿-§o-kv X-ºn. `m-cy: kc-k-Ω X-ºn. a-°ƒ: tdmk-Ω, tPm-kv, eo-em-Ω, an-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b tPm-bn, tim-im-Ω, _m-_p, tPm-kv. kw-kvIm-cw i-\n-bm-gv-N 2.30\v sk‚ v P-bnw-kv I-tØmen-°m ]-≈n sk-an-tØcn-bn¬.

Hm-bq¿: B-Zn-®-\-√q¿ sh-fn-®n-°m-e A-iz-Xn `h-\n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Pn in-h-Zm-k≥ B-Nm-cn-bpsS `m-cy _n c-a-Wn(57). a-°ƒ; hn-t\m-Zv Zm-kv, k-Xo-jv Ip-am¿, k-‘yP-b-{]-Im-iv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ar-Zp-e hn-t\m-Zv, P-b-¥n k-Xo-jv Ip-am¿, P-b-{]Im-iv cm-P≥.

Nn-d-bn≥-Iogv: Nn-d-bn≥Io-gv h-enb-I-S ]¨-Sm-chn-fmI-Øv cm-tP-{μ≥ (75). `mcy: tc-Wp-I. a°ƒ: _o-\, _n-\p-cmPv. a-cp-a°ƒ: Ip-am¿, cm-tPizcn.

h-¿°-e: hn-f-w`m-Kw im-c-Zm-`-h-\n¬ ]p-jv]-cmP-s‚ `m-cy {]-k∂-Ip-am-cn (62). a°ƒ: t_m-_≥ (Kƒ-^v), _nμp. a-cp-a°ƒ: lna, a-t\mPv (Kƒ-^v).

adn-bm½ amXyqkv

^n-en-¸v Nm-t¡m

_m-e-cm-a-]pcw: A-¥nbq¿ Nm-ap-t≠-iz-cn \-Kdn¬ im-kv-Xmw-hn-fmIØv ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ ]tc-X\m-b am-[-h≥\m-bcp-sS `m-cy C ]m-dp-°p´n A-Ω (82). a-°ƒ: {]-_-e-N-{μ≥ \mb¿, {io-I-WvT≥ \mb¿, Fw P-b-Ip-am¿, Fw lcn-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: ktcm-Pn-\n A-Ω, ]flw, k-c-kz-Xn AΩ.

k-Xym-\-µ³

Xn-cph√: dn-´. sdbn¬th D-t±ym-K-ÿ≥ Xq-ºp-¶¬ kn tIm-in am-Xyp (84). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv. `mcy: X¶-Ω. a°ƒ: kq-k≥ tPm¨, amXyp Sn tImin, emep. a-cp-a°ƒ; tPm¨ amXyp, an-\n am-Xyp, ^m. Ip-cy≥ Zm-\n-tb¬.

Im-c-bv-°m-a-fi]w: s]m-∂p-awK-ew Im-c-bv°m-Sv se-bn≥ Ir-jv-WIr-]-bn¬ F am[-hn AΩ (89). a°ƒ: im-¥-Ipamcn, eo-e, h-k-¥-Ipamcn, {io-Ip-am-c≥ \mb¿, k-c-kzXn, Hma\, Kn-cn-P-Ip-amcn, c-amtZhn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tkm-ati-J-c≥\mb¿ (]-tc-X≥), Ip-´-∏≥-]n-≈ (]-tcX≥), hm-a-tZ-h≥ \mb¿, k-c-kzXn, i-io{μ≥\mb¿, a-[p-kq-Z\≥\mb¿, cm-tP{μ≥\m-b¿, tKm-]-Ipam¿.

Nn-d-bn≥-Iogv: s]-cpßp-gn C-S-ßpwΩq-e Ip∂pw-]pd-Øv ho-´n¬ ]tc-X\m-b A-∏p-°p´s‚ `m-cy sN-¥m-a-cm£n (92). a°ƒ: tkm-a≥, taml\≥, kp-tcj≥ (]tc-X≥), eo-e (]tcX), cm-[, k-Xy≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-Pn-X, kpPm-X, Kn-cn-P, cm-a-N{μ≥ (]-tc-X≥), ]pcpj≥ (]-tc-X≥), PeP.

kp-K-Ôn s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: _m-ecm-a-]p-cw sF-Øn-bq¿ D-{X-Øn¬ c-ho-{μ≥-\mSm-cp-sS (dn-´. kq-{]-≠v sk-{I-´-dn-b-‰v) `m-cy ]n kp-K-‘n (70˛dn-´. sU]yq-´n sk-{I-´-dn, luknMv t_m¿-Uv). a°ƒ: B¿ A-P-bv (-sI.F-kv -F-^v.-C I-c-a-\), B¿ A-cp¨ (-sl¬Øv k¿-ho-kv), B¿ Atim-Iv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B¿bp _n-‘p, ]n kv-an-X.

Hm-bq¿: sh-fn-bw tIm-bn∏-d-ºn-¬ sIm-®v Ip-∂pw]p-d-Øv k-Xym-\μ≥(65). `m-cy: I-a-e-Ω. a-°ƒ: P-b, Ko-X, Zo-]. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kn-_n, t]mƒ, _n-\p, kw-kv-Imcw \m-sf ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n\v sN-¶p-fw Ip-cn-in≥-aqSv _-Z-d¬ k-`-bn¬ \-S°pw.

tIm-in am-Xyp

lw-k

sNß-∂q¿: tImSp-Ipf™n, ]≈Øv Ing-t°Xn¬, ]n Sn amXyq-kns‚ `mcy adn-bmΩ amXyqkv(Ip-™Ω ˛ 69). a°ƒ: Po¬, PqUn, sP\n acp-a-°ƒ: F_n, _nPn, Aizn≥.

]m-©m-en D-cp-h-®m¬: sI.]n.B¿ \-K-dn-se {io-\n-eb-Øn¬ ]m-d-°-S-h≥ ]m-©m-en (90). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Xp-ø-Øv Nm-Øp. a-°ƒ: Z-b-tcm-Øv P\m¿-±-\≥, kp-tc-{μ≥ (F-kv.sF. I-Æ-hw kvt‰-j≥), \m-Wp, I-eymWn, ap-Ip-μ≥, ]p-cp-jp, kp-a-Xn, ]-tc-X-cm-b _m-e≥, k-tcm-Pn-\n.

Xn-cph√: Ip-‰q¿ {]-`me-b-Øn¬ {]-`m-I-c≥]n-≈ (65). (dn-´. sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn Po-h-\°m-c≥).

]q-®m-°¬: ssX-°m-´pti-cn ]-©m-b-Øv \memw hm¿-Un¬ \m-K-tcXn-cp-h√: \nc-Ww In-gØv Nn-d-bn¬ lw-k °pw-`m-Kw s]m-´-dp-a-Xn¬ g(65). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p Im-°-\m-´p-Ip-gn-bn¬ cm-hn-se 11 \v tX-h¿-hsI sI sN√-∏≥ (74). ´w Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿kw-kv-I-m-cw C-∂v D-®-bv- ÿm-\n¬. `m-cy: Ip¬°v H-∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. kpw-Ω.

G-en-¡p-«n

hÀ-¡n

am-Xyp

l-k³-_m-h dm-hp-¯À

Iq-´n-°¬: h-√n-‰ a-ÆpIp-f-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b tXm-a-kn-s‚ `m-cy G-en°p-´n (90). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v Iq-´n°¬ sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv ]≈n-bn¬. ]-tc-X a-e-bn©n-∏m-d Im-™n-c-Øn¶¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. aIƒ: Ip-´n-b-Ω. a-cp-aI≥: eq-°.

Nm-a-°m-e: ap-≈≥-Ip-gnbn¬ h¿-°n (90). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 a-Wn-°v sk≥-ta-co-kv]m-td¬-]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: G-en \-ºym-Ip-fw ta-t®-cn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw.a-°ƒ: Gen-°p-´n, `m-kv-°-c≥, en√n, t_m-_n≥-kv-. a-cp-a°ƒ: hn-th-Im-\-μ≥ am≥-sh-´w ( dn-´.sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn), N-{μn-I Xr-∏q-Wn-Øp-d, tPm-kv]m-tdm-en-°¬, eo-\ Nma-°m-e.

ap-°q-´p-X-d: F-en-hmen-°-c A-co-∏-d-ºn¬ am-Xyp (am-Øp-°p-´n ˛89). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 12\v s{]m-t∏m-kv sk‚ v C-·m-Øn-tbmkv bm-t°m-_m-b ]≈n-bn¬. `m-cy ]-tc-X-bm-b X-¶Ω ]-Ø-\m-]p-cw hm-gtØm-∏n¬ C-Sn-°n-t\Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ : Ip-™p-tamƒ, A-®≥-Ip-™v, D-Ω®≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ : sN-dnbm-®≥ Ip-cn-ip-Ipt∂¬ sIm-√-ap-f, enkn, hn-\o-X.

N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ssI-X-ae ]-tc-°p-Sn-en¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]n-≈-bv-∏-dm-hp-Ødp-sS a-I≥ l-k≥ dm-hpØ¿ (86). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v G-‰p-am-\q¿ ssIX-a-e Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬. `m-cy: ^m-Øn-Ω. a-°ƒ: \q¿-P-lm≥, k-_n-b, sse-em, B-_n-Zm, \-_ok-Øv, \-ko-a, \-Po-d, sj-ao, _-jo¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b sk-bv-Xp-ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-enbm¿-Ip-´n, C-kv-am-bn¬, l-ao-Zv, kn-±o-Jv \u-jm-Zv, lm-cn-kv, ssk-\-_.

cm-a³ -

\m-cm-b-W³

F-S-h-Æ-∏m-d: Hm-am\q¿ ]p-Xp-°p-Sn cm-a≥ (65). `m-cy: im-¥. a°ƒ: hn-P-b, t_-_n, {]n-b-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: `mkv-I-c≥, kp-`m-jv-N{μ≥ (_-l-vdbv≥), kpIp-am-c≥. k-tlm-Z-c߃: A-∏p (dn-´. t]men-kv k-_v C≥-kv-s]Œ¿), ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶c≥.

A-e-\-√q¿: ]m-e-°m-gn Ip-‰n-°m-´n¬ \m-cm-bW≥ (80). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Nn∂. a-°ƒ: P-b-N-{μ≥, Km-‘-Ip-am-cn, A-PnXIp-am-cn, P-b-{]-`, kpan-{X, P-b-Ip-am-c≥. a-cpa-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥, tam-l-\≥, t_-_n, _nμp, {]-`m-I-c≥, ]-tc-X\m-b A-∏p-Æn.

{]-`m-I-c³ ]n-Å

I-eym-Wn A-½ ]q-®° - m-Sv: In-gt- °-°c - Xm-t{Xm≥ ho-´n-se Be-t°m-Sn-®n Ieym-Wn A-Ω (99). `¿-Øm-hv: ]tc-X\ - m-b Xm-t{Xm≥ ho´n¬ I-Æ≥ a-Wn-bm-Wn-. a-°ƒ:]-tc-Xb - m-b IΩm-SØ - p, ap-Øm-Wn, Xºm-bn, _m-eI - r-jvW - ≥. a-cp-a° - ƒ: km-hn-{Xn, ]tc-Xc - m-b A-ºq-™n, tKm-]m-e≥, Ip-™n-cma≥.

A-\n-X-Ip-am-cn sam-Ih - q¿: ]-tc-X\ - m-b sIm-gº - p-dØ - v th-em-bp[-s‚ a-Iƒ A-\n-XI - pam-cn (46).

sNø³

ssk-X-e-hn lm-Pn]q-t°m-´q-¿: I-cp-ºn-¬ ssk-X-e-hn lm-Pn (64). Kq-U-√q-¿ Pn.-sF.-F-^v. ÿm-]-\ D-S-a-bm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: dp-Jn-b. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv (Pn-km-≥), kp-lv-d, B-an-\, km-PnZ, d-kn-b, h-lo-Z, B-kn¿ k-l-¬. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: A-e-hn tIm-´ Nn-d-bn-¬, sam-bv-Xo-≥ AØm-Wn-°-¬, \m-k-¿ ]≈n-∏-Sn, ap-Po-_v d-lv-am≥ sam-d-bq-¿, Xm-Pp-±o-≥ A-cn-{º.

I-Sp-Øp-cp-Øn: dn-´. ]n.U-ªp.Un D-tZym-Kÿ≥ am-∂m¿ Io-g-ßm´v ^n-en-∏v Nm-t°m (87). kw-kv-°m-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v am∂m¿ sk‚ v ta-co-kv au-≠v ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b A∂-Ω, C-c-hn-aw-K-ew aWn-bn-e-]p-d-Øv Ip-Spw_m-Kw, A-∂-Ω (am∂m¿). a-°ƒ: eo-em-Ω, knÿ B-eo-kv (B¿. F^v.Sn.F-kv), en- n, tagv-kn, tPm-fn, ssj-e, tXm-a-kv ^n-en-∏v, ]-tcX-bm-b t{X-kym-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^n-en-∏v, tacn-°p-´n, Ip-™p-tam≥, Ão-^≥, am-Øp-°p-´n, t_-_n, tPm-kv.

Zm-tam-Z-c³ ap-≠-°-bw: A-a-cm-h-Xn tXm-∏n¬ Zm-tam-Z-c≥ (84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: im-c-Z A-Xn-c-ºp-g s\-Sp-th-en¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: tim-`-\, kp-Pm-X, k-Po-h≥, kXo-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-[c≥, hn-iz≥, k-_n-Z, _o-\ (sk‚ v tPm-k-^v kv-Iqƒ A-[ym-]n-I).

tZ-h-ky

tKm-]m-e³ \m-bÀ s]m≥-Ip-∂w: ]m-´p-]m-d tXm-´p-hm-]-d-ºn¬ tKm]m-e≥ \m-b¿ (80). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: k-c-k-Ω. a-°ƒ: A-tim-Iv, A-\n¬, A-\nX. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-i, c-ivan, c-ta-iv.

a-¶-S: I-S-∂-a-Æ ]-tcX-\m-b ]-≈n-bm-en¬ Ip-™o-s‚ `m-cy I-Zn-b (100).

ap-≠-°-bw: th-e-\n-ew sIm-√w-]-d-ºn¬ sI Un tZ-h-ky (97). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v sk‚ v ta-co-kv ]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-∂Ω aq-´n-°¬ ]-S-\n-ew IpSpw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: Ip-´nb-Ω, ta-cn-°p-´n, sIm-®pIp-´n, A-∏-®≥, tPm-kv tXm-a-kv, kn-kn-en-°p-´n, tdm-k-Ω.

tZh-In-b-½

ku-Z

shtdm-Wn-¡

Ip-«-¸³

Iß-g: I-ß-g- tI-Zmdn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b sI Pn Zm-tam-Z-cta-t\m-s‚ `m-cy tZ-h-In-b-Ω (84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D®bv°v c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. a°ƒ: im¥-Ω, D-j, kp-[, ]-tc-X\m-b X-¶aWn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-a-Zmkv, cm-P-tam-l-\≥ \mb¿, in-h≥-]n≈ (sk≥{S¬ FIv-ssk-kv, F-dW-m-Ipfw), ]-tc-X\m-b kp-Ip-am-c-]n≈.

A-cq¿: A-cq¿ ]-©mbØv F´mw hm¿-Un¬ h-St°-]p-fn-°-∏-d-ºn¬ ]tc-X\m-b A-–p¬-d“m≥ ap-kv-en-bm-cp-sS aI≥ jw-kp-±o-s‚ `m-cy ku-Z(42). a°ƒ: A¿jmZv, A≥-kn-e, A-\ok.

ssh-∏n≥ :Rmd-°¬ ]p∂-°m-∏-d-ºn¬ ]tcX-\mb Ah-dm-®s‚ `mcy shtdm-Wn-°-(96 ).Ip-º-fßn apcp-°pw-Xd IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. -a°ƒ:h¿Ko-kv (dn-´.^mŒv DtZym-K-ÿ≥),tP-°-_v, tPmk-^v,B‚-Wn- (sF-izcy tlm´¬ B‚ v t_°dn˛Rm-d-°¬), ta-cn, en√n. acp-a-°ƒ:]tc-Xbmb hnIvtSm-dn-b, ^ntem-an-\, Beo-kv, tamfn, ]tc-X-\mb h¿Ko-kv, tPmk-^v.

Icn-apIƒ: I-Sw-ºm-Øv aq-e-bn¬ Ip-´-∏≥ sI Fw (81). `mcy: ]-tcXbm-b Ip-™n-s]Æv. a°ƒ: am-[h≥ (t]menkv, Xr-»q¿), X-¶ (dn-´. A-[ym]nI), A-ΩnWn, ]-tc-X\mb cmP≥. a-cpa°ƒ: A-ø∏≥, {]-`mIc≥, Hma-\, A-Ωn-Wn.

B-en- lm-Pn h-‰-eq¿: ta-°p-f-º aqfn-b≥ B-en- lm-Pn (75). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a l÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-l-ΩZv, A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv, ap-kvX-^, lw-k (Z-Ωmw), A-–p¬- \m-k¿ (Pnkm≥), kp-l-d, d-kn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-lΩ-Zv Ip-dp-h (k-_v C≥kv-s]-Œ¿), sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n h-en-bm-Sv (]n.Uªyp.Un, A-´-∏m-Sn), ssa-aq-\, kp-sse-J, keo-\, J-Zo-P, k-^o-e.

I-Zn-b -

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W³ ]m-e-°m-Sv: A-ø-]p-cw {]-ao-f \n-hm-kn¬ Xcq¿ Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b-cpsS a-I≥ sI tKm-]m-eIr-jv-W≥ (70). ]n.Uªyp.Un a-e-ºp-g C-dntK-j≥ hn-`m-Kw dn-´. Poh-\-°m-c-\m-Wv. `m-cy: hn-im-em-£n. a-°ƒ: {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am¿ (tIm-gnt°m-Sv), {]-tam-Zv-Ip-am¿ (aw-K-fw, a-e-∏p-dw), {]k-∂-Ip-am-cn, {]-im-¥vIp-am¿ (Zn-\-a-e¿).

ap-l-½-Zv Ip-\n-bn¬: ta-em-]-dºn¬ Im-cm-´n¬ ap-l-ΩZv (69). `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: ap_-jn¿, ap≥-jn-Z.

A-c-hn-µm-£³ D-®n-IÀ-¯ B-e-Øq¿: s\-∑m-d, Xn-cp-h-gn-bm-Sv sIm-S-a-cw sX-t°-\m-b¿ ho-´n¬ A-c-hn-μm-£≥ D-ÆnI¿-Ø (86). `m-cy: ssl-am-h-Xn.

aq-k-t¡m-b

a-S-hq¿: s]m-bn¬-Xm-gsØ ]p-dm-bn¬ aq-kt°m-b(62). `m-cy: A-eo-a. a-°ƒ: d^o-Jv(_-lv-d-bv≥), dwe, d-ko-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \tPm¬ ko-\, A-ssk≥ Im-hnIq-S-c-™n: aT-Øn-∏-dºn¬ tPm¨ (61). `m-cy: ep-Ωm-cw, C-kv-am-Cu¬ en-kn. a-°ƒ: {io-P, jn- ]p-√m-fq¿. k-tlm-Z-c߃: B-en-°p-´n, am-ap, Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\o-jv C-tØym-a, I-Zo-i, A(Iq-cm-®p-≠v), A-\o-jv eo-a, ssk-\-_, ]m-Øp(]p-∂-°¬). ´n, _p-jv-d, j-do-\, kmln-Z. Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv h-≠q¿: ]-g-b hm-Wn-b- _m-¸p-«n lm-Pn º-ew I-cp-hm-S≥ IpsN-Ω-e-t»-cn: s\-fn-b™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv (Ip-™m- Øv Ip-f-ºv {km-ºnWn˛55). `m-cy: _p-jv-d. °¬ _m-∏p-´n lm-Pn a-°ƒ: I-_o¿, aq-k. (86).

tIm-´-bw: kw-hn-[m-b-I-\pw \-S-\pw an-an-{In I-emIm-c-\p-am-b l-°ow (sI F≥ A-_v-Zp¬ l-°ow dmhp-Ø¿-˛58) A-¥-cn-®p. izm-k-tIm-i tcm-K-sØ XpS¿-∂v tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ C-∂-se cmhn-se H-º-tXm-sSbm-Wv a-c-Ww. P-b-cm-Pv kw-hn[m-\w sN-bv-X Nn-{Xß-fn-se ÿn-cw km- ∂ n- [ y- a m- b n- c p∂ l-°ow I-em-`h≥ a-Wn-sb \m-bI-\m-°n Zn Km¿-Uv F-∂ Nn-{Xw kw-hn-[m-\w sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v. H-cp I-Ym]m-{Xw am-{X-ap-≈ kn-\n-a F-∂ \n-e-bn¬ Cu Nn{Xw {i-≤n-°-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. sIm-®n≥ I-em-`-h-\n¬ Aw-K-am-bn-cp-∂ l-°ow, tb-ip-Zm-kn-s‚ Km-\-ta-f-I-fp-sS C-S-th-f-bn¬ an-an{In A-h-X-cn-∏n-®m-Wv I-em-cw-K-tØ-°p h-∂-Xv. 1991¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b aq-°n-√m-cm-Py-Øv ap-dn-ap°≥ cm-Pm-hv F-∂ kn-\n-a-bn¬ a-t\m-tcm-Kn-sb Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠v kn-\n-a-bn¬ A-c-tß-dn-. tPmWn-hm-°¿, ss]-Xr-Iw, a-{¥-tam-Xn-cw, In-km≥, Hm¿-a- am-{Xw, Xn-f-°w, sh-´w, c-kn-I≥, ]-´-WØn¬ kp-μ-c≥, Im-gv-N F-∂o kn-\n-a-I-fn-epw A-`n\-bn-®n-´p-≠v. 1992¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b P-b-cm-Pv kwhn-[m-\w sN-bv-X tPm-Wn-hm-°-dn-se am-^n-bm kwLmw-K-Øn-s‚ th-j-am-Wv C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ {i-≤n-°s∏-´ I-Ym-]m-{Xw. 2011¬ ]p-d-Øn-d-ßn-b \m-bn-Ibm-Wv A-h-km-\ -Nn-{Xw. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v ssh-°o-´v A-©n-\v tIm-´-bw Su¨ Xm-Pv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. tIm-´bw sIm-¥m-´p-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-hq¿ I-\n dmhp-Ø-cp-sS a-I-\m-Wv l-°ow. K-k¬ c-N-bn-Xm-hpw Km-bn-I-bp-am-b tZ-ho-ta-t\m-\m-Wv `m-cy.

bphm-hv Xq-§na-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

Hm-bq¿: sh-fn-bw B-cq-t°m-W-Øv kp-\n¬ k-Z-\Øn¬ k-t¥m-jv(35) B-Wv ho-´n-\p-≈n¬ Xq-ßn-acn-®Xv. hn-hm-ln-X-\pw aq-∂v Ip-´n-I-fp-sS ]n-Xm-hp-amb k-t¥m-jv `m-cy-bp-am-bn ]n-W-ßn H-‰-bv°v Xm-akn-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]q-b-∏-≈n t]m-en-kv ta¬ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn®vv sIm-´m-c-°-c Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰ptam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ kwkv-I-cn-®p.

bp-hm-hn-s\ tdm-U-cn-In- a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn I-s−-¯n

N-h-d: tZ-io-b-]m-X-bv°v k-ao-]w X-´m-t»-cn sI.kn Xn-tb-‰-dn-\v k-ao-]w bp-hm-hn-s\ a-cn-®\n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. Ip-f-ß-c-`m-Kw D-Z-b-aw-K-e-Øv ]-tc-X-\mb C-{_m-lnw-Ip-´n-bp-sS-bpw P-ao-em-_o-hn-bp-sSbpw a-I≥ jp-°q¿(30) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v C-bm-sf a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-`-hw I-≠ \m-´p-Im¿ hnh-cw A-dn-bn-®n-´pw t]m-en-kv F-Øm-Ø-Xn-s\ XpS¿-∂v A-c a-Wn-°q-tdm-fw \m-´p-Im¿ tZ-io-b-]m-X D]-tcm-[n-®p. t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j-\n¬ \n-∂v A-c In-tem-ao-‰¿ A-I-se-bm-Wv kw-`-hw \-S-∂-Xv. C-bmƒ-°v H-cp amkw {]m-b-am-b s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-≠v. A-\o-j-bm-Wv `mcy. N-h-d t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

Nn-InÂ-k-bn-en-cp-¶ ho-«-½ a-cn-¨p

B-bq¿: ss_-°n¬ bm{X-sN-ø-sh s]-´n Hm-t´mdn-£ C-Sn-®v Nn-In¬-k-bnen-cp-∂ ho-´-Ω a-cn-®p. N-S-b-aw-K-ew P-Sm-bq P-Mv-j-\n¬ sI. F-kv. \nhm-kn¬ I-a-e-lm-k-s‚ `m-cy tim-`-\ (ssj-e-P˛43) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ Xn-¶-fm-gv-N D®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v sIm-√-Øp-≈ _-‘p ho-´n-te-bv-°v ss_-°n¬ bm-{X t]m-I-sh A-b-Øn-en-\n-Sp-Øp-h®v C-S tdm-Un¬ \n-∂v I-b-dn h-∂ Hm-t´m-dn-j C-Sn®m-Wv C-h¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. sIm-´n-b-sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-cn-s° C-∂-se a-cW-s∏-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ `¿-Øm-hv Ia-e-lm-k-\pw ]-cn-t°-‰n-cp-∂p. a-°ƒ kp-Pn-Øv, kPn-X.

In-S-¸p-ap-dn-bn a-[y-h-b-kv-I³ a-cn-¨\n-e-bn eo-e

\-µn-\n

A-Pn-X

ta-cn

sXm-½³ a-¯m-bn

k-hn-Xm tZ-hn

kp-Ip-am-c³

tPm-tPm

tNμ-aw-Kew: h-en-b-]-gºn-≈n Xp-cp-Øv sh¨-a\-t»-cn¬ Xp-cp-Øv a-\t»-cn¬ {io-[c-s‚ `m-cy eo-e (92). kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: hn sI ap-cp-tIi≥ (dn-´. sl-Uvam-ÿ t_m-bn-kv sslkv-Iqƒ t\m¿-Øv ]-dhq¿), hn F-kv _m_p (kn.]n.Fw. tem-°¬ IΩn-‰n sk-{I-´dn, tN-μawK-ew), hn F-kv kp`mjv (sI.F-kv.C._n.), hn F-kv {]-` (dn-´. A[ym]n-I hn.kn.F-kv.F®v.F-kv.Fkv.), hn F-kv A-ºnfn. a-cp-a°ƒ: ssj-e ap-cp-tI-i≥, s]m∂-Ω _m_p, l-cn-l-c≥ hn sI, em-e≥ hn Fw.

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: Im-b-\m-Sv tXm-´-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jvW-s‚ `m-cy \-μn\n (81). a°ƒ: kc-f, tim-`, hna-e, sP-bnwkv (^b¿-t^m-gv-kv, aq-hm-‰p]p-g) a-cp-a°ƒ: tKm-]n h-Æ-∏pdw, in-h≥ Iogn√w, s\-kn-\n Nm-e°pSn, jm-Pn B-\n-°mSv, ]-tc-Xbm-b iin Im-b\m-Sv.

Beph(Io-gv-amSv): Io-gvam-Sv C-©n-°-c-]-d-ºn¬ th-em-bp[-s‚ a-Iƒ APn-X (38).

tIm-X-aw-Kew: tIm-gn-∏n≈n C-e-™n-°¬ B‚Wn-bpsS (Ip-™®≥) `m-cy ta-cn (73). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v tIm-X-awK-ew sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv I-Øo-{U¬ skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]tc-X tN¿-Ø-e h-bem¿ tN-{μ-bn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-amWv. a°ƒ: sNdn-bm≥, Po-e, kp-a, enPn, tPm_n, tXm-akv, kn\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]ufn≥ Nm-°m-e-bn¬, tambn-®≥ a-‰w Ip-cy-\mSv, B‚Wn Cu-∏≥ I-Sa∏p-g Im-™n-c-∏n≈n, t]m-fn sh-≈p-°p-t∂¬ sN-Ω-e-a‰w, {]n-b, A\p, a-t\mPv.

tIm-X-aw-Kew: \m-Sp-ImWn X-In-Sn-bn¬ sXmΩ≥ a-Øm-bn (84). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10.30\v \m-Sp-Im-Wn sk‚ v tXma-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: tXm-ew-am-°n¬ ta-cn aØmbn. a°ƒ: tXm-akv, enkn, tUmfn, an\n, _nPp, kPn. a-cp-a°ƒ: sa¿fn, ]-tc-X\m-b X¶®≥, tSman, hn-t\mZv, tkm^n, Po-\.

]-d-hq¿: a-S-πm-Xn-cp-Øv aT-Øn¬ Fw hn cm-PtKm-]m-ens‚ (dn-´. Irjn h-Ip-∏v tPm-. U-bdŒ¿) `m-cy kn hn k-hnXm tZ-hn (68). h-S-t°-°c ]p-Xn-b-Im-hv K-h. ssl-kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A[ym-]n-I-bmWv. a°ƒ: kv-an-X (]-≈p-cp-Øn Fkv.Un.]n.ssh ssl-kvIqƒ), Zo-]Iv. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-t\mZv (F-®v.F≥. F¬. tIm´-bw), tkmWn-b (t•m-_¬ ]-ªn°v kv-Iqƒ, Xn-cp-hm-Wnbq¿).

Cu-Ãv tN-cm-s\√q¿: HmW-ºn-≈n A-t´m-fn ]-tcX\m-b th-em-bp[-s‚ aI≥ kp-Ip-am-c≥ (79). `mcy: tIm-S-\m-Sv tXm-Wn]-d-ºn¬ \-fn\n. a°ƒ: I-e, I-tejv, A-\n¬, _nPp, ssjPp. a-cpa°ƒ: kp-tcjv Hm-Wº≈n, ]-tc-Xbm-b teJ, _n-Pp C-Sp°n, ^nPn, A-\nX.

Ip-º-fßn: Ip-º-fßn˛ aq-tØ-cn ss]-en aI≥ tPm-tPm (tPm¿-Pv˛49). `mcy: enPn. a°ƒ: \nPp, canX

ao-\m-£n Xm-a-c-t»-cn: t]m¿tßm-´q¿ Ip-º-f-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b D-t∏-c-s‚ `m-cy ao-\m-£n (78). a-°ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, btim-Z, I-a-e, {io-\n-hmk≥, A-\n-X, ]-tc-X\m-b k-Zm-\-μ≥.

lw-k BeßmSv: I-Sp-∏m-Sw an√p]-Sn hm-g-°maTw ho´n¬ lw-k (72). `mcy: \^o-k. a°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b A–p¬ d-joZv, \m-Zn¿-j, k^¿ (C-cp-hcpw JØ¿), A-Iv_¿, \-ko-a, \q¿-P-lm≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: C-{_m-lnw, C-kv-a-bn¬, B-jn-X, Pm-kv-an≥, kp¬-^Øv, d-jo-Z.

A-½-Zv h-S-I-c: A-cq-cv ]-tc-X\m-b ]p-fn-bw-ho-´n¬ Ip-™-–p-√- lm-Pn-bpsS a-I≥ A-Ω-Zv (48).

tKm-]m-e³ h-S-I-c: B-Zy-Ime tIm¨-{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI≥ a-Wn-bq¿ Xp-d-t»-cn°-S-hv sN-dn-b Xp-cp-Ønbn¬ tKm-]m-e≥ (87). `m-cy: b-tim-Z (h-S-I-c). a-°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, hn-P-b≥, i-in, k-Xo-i≥, Ip-™n-t°f-∏≥, ssi-e-P, c-hn.

Nn-cp-tX-bn sIm-bn-em-≠n: sh-≈-d°m-Sv sX-cp-hn-se sXs° `-K-h-Xn-Im-hn¬ Nncp-tX-bn (98). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a≥. a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bW≥, I-eym-Wn, {io-[c≥, Ko-X, ]-tc-X-cm-b N¥p-°p-´n, Ip-™n-Ir-jvW≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bWn, tI-fp, Pm-\-In, tZ-hIn, _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, efn-Xm-a-W-n.

Ieym-Wn B-e-Øq¿: tXm-Wn-∏mSw sN-dm-t°m-´n¬ ]-tcX-\m-b th-em-bp-[-s‚ `m-cy I-eym-Wn (94). a°ƒ: Fw hn th-Wp-tKm]m¬, I-a-ew. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Hm-a-\, hmkp, c-°p-Æn, ]-tc-X-\mb ho-cm-≠n.

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \m-bÀ h-S-I-c: B-Zy-Im-e tIm¨-{K-kv-˛-sF.F≥.Sn.bp.kn t\-Xm-hv A-go-bqcn-se Ip-™n-cm-a≥ \mb¿ (84). `m-cy: ]-Zv-am-£n A-Ω. a-°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥ (kv-]n-∂n-Mv an¬), P-b-cmP≥, t{]-a, {]-ao-f, {]-koX, {]-ho-W, k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿ (a-kv-°Øv).

e-£v-an-A-½ s]-cp-h-Æm-aq-gn: ]-¥-ncn-°-c-bn-se ]p-Ø≥-]pc-h-f-∏n¬ e-£v-an-A-Ω (93).

F-bÀ C-´y-s¡-Xn-tc 14Im-cn-sb ]o-Un-¸n-¨ tI-kn tem-Iv A-Zm-e-¯v hn-[n bp-hm-hv A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap∂-dn-bn-∏n√msX bm-{Xm-k-a-bw am-‰nbXns\ XpS¿∂v bm-{X-°m-cn-°p≠m-b \-jvS- w \n-IØ - m≥ F-b¿ C-¥y hn-am-\-°-º-\n-s°-Xn-tc Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw s]¿-a-\‚ v tem-Iv A-Zm-e-Øn-s‚ D-Ø-c-hv. ku-Znbn-se In-Mv Jm-en-Zv B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ tPm-en-sN-øp-∂ tUm. kn-‘p c-Lp-\m-Yn-\v \-„-]-cnlm-cw \¬-Im-\m-Wv D-Øc - h - v. 2011 am¿-®v 30\p cm-hn-se 11\p ]p-d-s∏-tS-≠ F-b¿ C-¥ym hnam-\w ]p-ds - ∏-´X - v D-®° - v aq-∂n-\p ti-j-am-b-Xn-\m¬ kn-‘p-hn-\v b-Ym-k-a-bw tPm-en-bn¬ {]-thin-°m-\m-bn-√. C-Xn-\m¬ B-ip]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X¿ tUm-Œ¿-s°-

Xn-tc in-£m-\S- ] - S- n- kzoI-cn®p. C-°m-cyw Im-Wn-®p kn-‘p Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw s]¿-a-\‚ v temIv A-Zm-eØ - n¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-. kn-‘p k-u-Zn A-td-_y-bn-ep≈ tPm-kv C‚¿-\m-j\ - ¬ h-gnbm-Wv Sn-°s - ‰-Sp-Øn-cp-∂X - v. bm-{Xm-hn-h-c-߃ A-dn-bnt°-≠-Xv {Sm-h¬ G-P≥-kn-bmsW-∂ F-b¿ C-¥y-bp-sS hm-Zw A-Zm-e-Øv Aw-Ko-I-cn-®n-√. GP≥-kn h-gn Sn-°-s‰-Sp-Øm-epw bm-{Xm-hn-h-c-߃ A-dn-bn-°m\p-≈ _m-[y-X hn-am-\-°-º-\n°p-s≠-∂v D-Ø-c-hn¬ hy-‡am-°n. F-b¿ C-¥y 9,800 cq-] \jv-S-]-cn-lm-cw \¬-Im-≥ D-Ø-chn´p.

]-≈p-cp-Øn: {]m-b-]q¿-Øn-bmhm-Ø s]¨-Ip-´n-sb ]o-Un-∏n® tI-kn-se {]-Xn-sb t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xp. ]-≈p-cp-Øn I-t®-cn-∏-Sn G-d-\m-´v A-º-eØn-\p- k-ao-]w j-ao-dn(22)s\bm-Wv ]-≈p-cp-Øn kn.sF. hn Pn c-ho-{μ-\m-Yv t^m¿-´p-sIm-®nbn-se _-‘p-ho-´n¬ \n-∂v A-dkv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv. tXm-∏pw-]-Sn Igp-Øp-ap-´v Nq-te-g-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ am-Xm-]n-Xm-°-tfm-sSm-∏w hm-SI ho-´n¬- Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ 14Imcn-sb-bm-Wv C-bmƒ ]o-Un-∏n-®Xv. \m-ep-am-kw ap-ºv s]¨-Ip´n-bp-sS ho-Sn-\p- k-ao-]-sØ kplr-Øn-s‚ ho-´n-se-Øn-b bphm-hv s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-am-bn ]-cn-N-

b-s∏-Sp-I-bpw A-Sp-∏-Øn-em-hpI-bpw sN-bv-Xp. ]n-∂o-Sv s]¨Ip-´n-sb C-bmƒ ssew-Kn-I-ambn D-]-tbm-Kn-s®-∂m-Wv tI-kv. bp-hm-hp-am-bp-≈ {]-W-bw ]n-Xm-hv tNm-Zyw-sN-bv-X-Xn-s\Øp-S¿-∂p Xo-s°m-fp-Øn Bfl-l-Xy-°p {i-an-® s]¨-Ip-´n C-t∏mƒ F-d-Wm-Ip-fw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bnem-Wv. A-º-Xp- i-X-a-\w s]m≈-te-‰ s]¨-Ip-´n Kp-cp-X-cm-hÿ-bn-em-Wv. _-em¬-kw-KØn-\pw Ip-´n-Iƒ-s°-Xn-tc-bp≈ ssew-Kn-I- A-Xn-{I-aw X-Sb¬ \n-b-a-{]-Im-c-hp-am-Wv bphm-hn-s\-Xn-tc tI-sk-Sp-Øn-cn°p-∂-Xv. tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ lm-P-cm°n-b {]-Xn-sb dn-am‚ v sN-bv-Xp.

Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv hn-f-bq¿: hn-f-bq¿ h-enb-]-d-ºn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´nbpsS ap-I≥ Ip-™pap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ip-™m∏ (40). F-kv.Un.]n.sF.bp-sS k-Po-h {]-h¿Ø-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: jn-_n-e, j-^o\, ap-l-Ω-Zv kn-\m≥. amXm-hv: _o-hn. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ap-l-Ω-Z-en (Pn-±), A-jv-d-^v.

ap-l-½-Zv h-≠q¿: im-¥n-\-K¿ hm-g-°m-S≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (80).`m-cy-am¿: km-Pn-X, ]-tc-X-bm-b ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ A-kokv, A-–p¬- k-emw, Pao-e, ssa-aq-\, _-jo¿, \-Po-_v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: dw-eØv, kp-sse-J, apw-Xmkv, A-kv-am-_n.

A-l-½-Zv Xn-cq¿: Xn-cp-\m-hm-b Ip-≠v-e-ßm-Sn I-S-t»-cn h-f-∏n¬ lw-k-lm-Pnbp-sS a-I≥ A-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ip-™p-´n (50).

tUm. ]-Xva-\m-`-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw -kw-kv-I-cn-¨p Nn-‰q¿: a-lm-cm-jv-{S K-h¿-W¿ sI i-¶-c\m-cm-b-W-s‚ `m-cym-k-tlm-Z-co `¿-Ømhpw \m-ep- ]-Xn-‰m-≠n-te-sd Kp-cp-hm-bq¿, Nm-h° - m-Sv ta-Je - b - n¬ B-Xp-ct- k-h\ - c - wK-Øv \n-d-™p-\n-¬-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X tUm. sI ]-Xva\ - m-`s - ‚a - r-Xt- Z-lw kw-kvIm-cn®p. I-dp-Ia - W - n aq-tØ-SØ - v X-dh - m-´ph-f-∏n¬ hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-kvI - m-cw. K-h¿-W¿ sI i-¶-c-\m-cm-b-W≥, Fw.F¬.F-am-cm-b sI A-Nyp-X≥, jm^n ]-dº - n¬, \-Kc - k - ` - m sN-b¿-am≥ C≥Nm¿-Pv F≥ i-¶-c-ta-t\m≥, sI.]n.kn.kn sk-{I-´-dn N-{μ≥, Un.kn.kn {]-knU‚ v kn hn _m-eN - {- μ≥, ap≥ Fw.]n IrjvW - {- ]-km-Zv, sI Pn ti-Jc - \ - p-Æn ]-s¶Sp-Øp. `m-cy: tUm. ]m¿-hX - n. a-°ƒ: tUm. e-£v-ao-tZ-hn, tUm. \n¿-a-e, tUm. cm-Pvtam-l≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-]n≥-ta-t\m≥, cm[m-Ir-jvW - ≥, tUm. im-en-\n sd-Õn.

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \m-bÀ am-ln: am-ln sd-bn¬-th kv-t‰-j-\v k-ao-]w Xmsg ]p-fn-bp-≈-Xn¬ Nm-a¶-≠n kn F-®v Ip-™ncm-a≥ \m-b¿ (64). ]≈q¿ kv-]n-∂n-Mv an¬ ap≥ Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-Wv. Agn-bq¿ a-fi-ew tIm¨{K-kv I-Ωn-‰n {]-knU‚ v, ]-≈q¿ kv-]n-∂nMv an¬ sF.F≥.Sn.bp.kn ssh-kv {]-knU‚ v ÿm-\-߃ h-ln®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ]-flm£n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥, P-bcm-P≥, t{]-a, {]-ao-f, {]ko-\, {]-ho-W, k-t¥mjv Ip-am¿ (a-kv-°-Øv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥, hn-P-b-Ip-am¿ (ku-Zn), {]-Zo-]≥ (sN-ss∂), KwKm-[-c≥, c-a, A-Pn-X, [\-e-£v-an.

s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv: In-S-∏p-ap-dn-bn¬ a-[y-h-b-kvI-s\ a-cn®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn. I-c-Ip-fw ]p-c-hq¿-t°m-Ww hn-im-J-Øn¬ hn-P-b-Ip-am-dn (F-Iv-kv. an-en-‰-dn-˛ 48) s\-bmWv C-∂-se cm-hn-se In-S-∏p-ap-dn-bn¬ a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. C-bmƒ In-S-∂n-cp-∂ I´n¬ `m-Kn-I-am-bn I-Øn-\-in-®n-´p-≠v. s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv t]m-en-kv ÿ-e-sØ-Øn A-t\z-jWam-cw-`n-®p. a-Zy-]m-\n-bm-b C-bmƒ I-gn-™-Zn-hkw cm-{Xn a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ A-t_m-[m-h-ÿ-bn¬ In-S-∂p-d-ßn. D-d-ßp-∂-Xn-\p ap-ºv C-bmƒ D-]-tbmKn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂ kn-K-c-‰n¬-\n-∂v Xo ]-S¿-∂v I´n¬ I-Øn-b-Xm-hm-sa-∂m-Wv {]m-Y-an-I \n-K-a-\w. Xo ]-S¿-∂v ap-dn-bn¬ ]p-I\n-d-™v izm-kw-ap-´n acn-®-Xm-hm-\m-Wv km-[y-X-sb-∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d™p. hn-P-b-Ip-am-dn-s‚ Im-en¬ am-{X-ta sN-dn-b s]m-≈-ep-≈q. A-kzm-`m-hn-Ia-c-W-Øn\v t]m-enkv tI-sk-Sp-Øv A-t\z-j-Ww B-cw-`n-®p. `m-cy: koXm-e-£v-an. a-°ƒ: A-`n-tj-Iv, A-hn-\m-iv.

\yptam-Wn-b _m-[n-¨v bp-h-Xn a-c-n-¨p

s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: \yptamWn-b _m-[n-®v sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ Nn-In¬k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-h-Xn ac-n-®p. I-h-fm-Ip-fw ]p-Xph¬ ]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ cLp-\m-Y-s‚-bpw h-kp-aXn-bp-sS-bpw a-I-ƒ B¿ an\n-bm-Wv (34) a-cn-®Xv. s\øm-‰n≥-I-c Pn-√m B-ip-]{Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p B-Zyw Nn-In¬-k. B-dp-am-kw apºm-bn-cp-∂p hn-hm-lw. `-¿-Ømhv:F-kv sP tPm-bn-.

Im-c-¸m-d F-tÌ-äp-I-fp-sS ]m-«-¡-cmÀ d-±m-¡n Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: s\-√nbm-º-Xn-bn-se Im-c-∏m-d F, _n F-tÃ-‰p-I-fp-sS ]m´-°-cm¿ k¿-°m¿ d-±m-°n. I-cm¿ N-´-ß-fn¬ ew-L\w \-S-Øn-sb-∂p t_m-[ys∏-´-Xn-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-em-Wv \-S-]-Sn. B-bn-ctØm-fw G-°¿- h-cp-∂ Cu F-kv-t‰-‰p-I-fn-se `q-an k¿-°m¿ A-\p-a-Xn-bn-√msX ssI-am-‰w sN-ø-cp-sX∂pw F-kv-t‰-‰v Cu-Sp-h-®v hm-bv-] F-Sp-°-cp-sX-∂p-ap≈ \n-_-‘-\ ew-Ln-®-Xmbn I-s≠-Øn-b-Xn-s\-ØpS¿-∂v F-kv-t‰-‰v D-S-a-Iƒ°v h-\w-h-Ip-∏v t\m-´o-kv \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p.

s\-√n-bm-º-Xn-bn¬ ]m´-°-cm¿ ew-Ln-® F-kv-t‰‰p-Iƒ Xn-cn-®p-]n-Sn-°p-∂Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bm-Wv \-S-]Sn. Im-c-∏m-d F F-kv-t‰-‰v Cu-Sp-\¬-In 3.34 tIm-Sn cq] hm-bv-]-sb-Sp-Ø-Xm-bpw I-cm¿ ew-Ln-®v F-kv-t‰‰n¬ Sq-dn-kw dn-tkm¿-´v XpS-ßn-b-Xm-bpw I-s≠-Ønbn-cp-∂p. C-Ø-c-Øn¬ Icm¿ ew-L-\-߃ ap-∏-tXmfw F-kv-t‰-‰p-I-fn¬ \-S-∂Xm-bm-Wv k¿-°m¿ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. Im-cm-∏m-d F-kvt‰-‰p-I-fn-se 1118 G-°¿ `qan G-s‰-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠m-Wv k¿-°m¿ D-Ø-c-hn-d-°n-bncn-°p-∂-Xv.

\-h-h-[p Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn ]-ø-∂q¿: \-h-h-[p-hn-s\ `¿-Xrho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. A-∂q¿ I-≠-t°mc≥-ap-°n-se Sm-Iv-kn ss{U-h¿ k-Pp-hn-s‚ `m-cy B-im-eX(21)-bm-Wv -a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw ssh-Io-´v 6.45Hm-sS- kmPp-hn‚ am-Xm-hm-Wv C-h-sc Xqßn-b-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. Cu ka-b-w `¿-Øm-hv km-Pp ]p-d-Øpt]m-bXmb-n-cp-∂p. C-h-cp-sS hn-hm-lw I-gn™n-´v \m-ep am-k-ta B-bn-´p≈q. D-Up-∏n-˛-I-¥m-]p-cw kz-tZin-bm-Wv B-im-e-X. ]-n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cp-Wm-I-c sj-´n. am-Xm-hv: c-Xv-\m-h-Xn. k-tlm-Zc≥: cm-a-N-{μ sj-´n. ar-X-tZ-lw ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿´w \-S-Øn.


Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2013-09-06