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thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

5 k]vXw-_¿ 2013 hymgw

H-gp-¡nÂ-s¸-« A-[ym-]-I-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw I-s−-¯n

aq-k-t¡m-b

ssk-X-e-hn lm-Pn-

tKm-]m-e³

ap-l-½-Zv

cm-a³ sN-«ymÀ

sam-bv-Xo³ -lm-Pn -

Ip-ªn-cm-a³

A-e-hn- lm-Pn

a-S-hq¿: s]m-bn¬-Xm-gsØ ]p-dm-bn¬ aq-kt°m-b(62). `m-cy: A-eoa. a-°ƒ: d-^o-Jv(_-lvd-bv≥), dw-e, d-ko-\. a-cpa-°ƒ: \-ko-\, Assk≥ Im-hn-ep-Ωm-cw, C-kv-am-Cu¬ ]p-√m-fq¿. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: B-en°p-´n, am-ap, C-tØym-a, I-Zo-i, A-eo-a, ssk-\_, ]m-Øp-´n, _p-jv-d, j-do-\, km-ln-Z.

]q-t°m-´q-¿: I-cp-ºn-¬ ssk-X-e-hn lm-Pn (64). Kq-U-√q-¿ Pn.-sF.-F-^v. ÿm-]-\ D-S-a-bm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: dp-Jn-b. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv (Pn-km-≥), kp-lv-d, B-an-\, km-PnZ, d-kn-b, h-lo-Z, Bkn-¿ k-l-¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-e-hn tIm-´ Nn-dbn-¬, sam-bv-Xo-≥ AØm-Wn-°-¬, \m-k-¿ ]-≈n-∏-Sn, ap-Po-_v d-lvam-≥ sam-d-bq-¿, Xm-Pp-±o≥ A-cn-{º. k-tlm-Z-cß-ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zm-Pn (Pn.Pn.-Sn.), I-cow (Pn-km≥), J-Zo-P, lw-k (Pnkm-≥).

h-S-I-c: B-Zy-Ime tIm¨-{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI≥ a-Wn-bq¿ Xp-d-t»-cn°-S-hv sN-dn-b Xp-cp-Ønbn¬ tKm-]m-e≥ (87). `m-cy: b-tim-Z (h-S-I-c). a-°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, hn-P-b≥, i-in, k-Xoi≥, Ip-™n-t°-f-∏≥, ssi-e-P, c-hn. a-cp-a°ƒ: am-tSm-≈-Xn¬ cmP≥ (dn-´. ap-\n-kn-∏¬ F-≥Pn-\o-b¿), h-k-¥ (hm-√y-t°m-Sv), c-P-\n (h-S-I-c), Ko-X (a-S-∏≈n), Ko-X (ta-∏-bn¬), cm-[ (Ip-t´m-Øv), kp-PmX (h-f-bw). k-tlm-Z-c߃: hn hn \m-Wp (aWn-bq¿ {Km-a-∏-©m-bØv ap≥ Aw-Kw), hn hn \m-cm-b-W-≥ ({Km-a-∏©m-b-Øv dn-´. sk-{I-´dn), I-a-em-£n, ]-tc-Xcm-b I-eym-Wn, Ir-jvW≥.

h-≠q¿: im-¥n-\-K¿ hmg-°m-S≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (80).`m-cy-am¿: km-Pn-X, ]-tc-X-bm-b ^m-Øn-a. a°ƒ: A-–p¬ A-ko-kv, A-–p¬- k-emw, P-ao-e, ssa-aq-\, _-jo¿, \-Po_v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: dw-e-Øv, kp-sse-J, apw-Xm-kv, Akv-am-_n.

_m-ep-t»-cn: ]p-Øq¿-h´w In-W-dp-≈-Xn¬ cma≥ sN-´ym-¿ (70). `m-cy: e-£v-an. a-°ƒ: `m-kv-Ic≥ (U-]yq-´n U-b-dŒ¿, Sq-dn-kw), k-l-tZ-h≥ (kn.sP .Fw tIm-S-Xn, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), k-Xy≥ (t]m-en-kv Xm-a-c-t»-cn), k-Po-hvIp-am¿ (I-®-h-Sw _m-ep-t»-cn), e-fn-X, t_-_n b-ap-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: C-μn-c, do-P (tIm-˛Hm-]-td-‰o-hv tIm-f-Pv, _m-ep-t»-cn), kz-]v-\ (Pb-{io sS-Iv-ssì-kv), jo-P, kp-tc-{μ≥, cm-tP{μ≥ (F-kv.]n Hm-^nkv).

th-ß-c: ]-d-∏q-cv I-\-dm_m-¶n-\p k-ao-]w ]q-t®ß¬ sam-bv-Xo≥- lm-Pn (80). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b C-Øo-a. a-°ƒ: A-–p¿-dlvam≥-Ip-´n, A-–p-√, Ae-hn (ku-Zn), \-^o-k, kp-ss_-Z, J-Zo-P, d-knb. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv (A-_q-Z-_n), A-–p¬Jm-Z¿ (ku-Zn), A-h-dm≥Ip-´n, A-–p¬ A-ko-kv, P-ao-e, B-bn-ip-Ωp, \ko-d. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: apl-Ω-Zv- lm-Pn, ]m-Øp-Ω. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p H-º-Xn\v A-co-°p-fw Pp-am-a-kvPn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

N-{µ³

sN-¶-f: ]-g-b-Im-e apkvenw eo-Kv t\-Xm-hv sN¶-f \m-emw ssa-en-en-se kn Fw A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿ lm-Pn (85). `m-cy-am¿: Bbni, ]-tc-X-bm-b a-dn-bw_n a-Sn-ss°. a-°ƒ: A–p-√, sam-bv-Xo≥, ap-lΩ-Zv, A-–p¿-d-lvam≥, _o-^m-Øn-a, J-Zo-P, ssa-aq-\, \-^o-k, ssJdp-∂n-k, kp-lv-d, B-knb, \-ko-a, A-kv-a.

I¬∏-Øq¿: hm-ey-t°mSv I-cp-hm-¶-≠n Ip-™ncm-a≥ (86). B-Zy-Im-e hym-]m-cn-bpw hm-eyt°m-Sv ]m-S-ti-J-c- k-anXn `m-c-hm-ln-bp-am-bn-cp∂p. ]-g-b-Im-e tIm¨{K-kv {]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-Wv. `m-cy: I-eym-Wn. a-°ƒ: N-{μn-I, D-j, k-Xy≥ (¢m-kn-Iv ^q-Sv-th¿j t]-cm-{º), tIm-a-f, c-P\n, jm-Pn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tKm-]m-e≥, Ir-jv-W≥, a-\o-j-t_-_n, c-ho-{μ≥, tKm-{]-\o-j. k-tlm-Z-c߃: A-Ωm-fp, Pm-\-In, _m-e≥, ]-tc-X-cm-b Ip™n-°-Wm-c≥, tI-f∏≥, \m-cm-b-W≥. k-©b-\w i-\nbmgvN.

tIm-dm-Sv: tIm-dm-Sv a-l-√v I-Ωn-‰n ap≥ `m-c-hm-lnbpw Pn.Fw.F¬.]n kvIqƒ ap≥ ]n.Sn.F {]-knU-‚p-am-bn-cp-∂ s\m-´w ho-´n¬ A-e-hn lm-Pn (80). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp (ku-Zn), ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (Ãm-^v a{¥n A-_v-Zp-d-∫v), Jm-enZv, ^m-Øn-a, kp-sse-J, k-^n-b, Xn-Øp-Ωp, Bbn-i, k¬-a-Øv, ^u-knb. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssk-X-ehn (A-_q-Z-_n), ap-kv-X^ (jm¿-P), Ip-™p (N{μn-I), ap-l-Ω-Z-en h-entbm-d, A-l-Ω-Zv-tIm-b (ku-Zn), ^m-dq-Jv Xm\q¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip™m-en.

tPm¬ Iq-S-c-™n: aT-Øn-∏-dºn¬ tPm¨ (61). `m-cy: en-kn. a-°ƒ: {io-P, jnZ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\o-jv (Iq-cm-®p-≠v), A-\o-jv (]p-∂-°¬). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\p Iq-S-c-™n sk‚ v sk_m-Ãy≥-kv ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬.

Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv h-≠q¿: ]-g-b hm-Wn-bº-ew I-cp-hm-S≥ Ip™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv (Ip-™mWn˛55). `m-cy: _p-jv-d. a°ƒ: I-_o¿, aq-k. a-cpa-°ƒ: ^u-kn-b, \-Zvh.

Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv hn-f-bq¿: hn-f-bq¿ h-enb-]-d-ºn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´nbpsS ap-I≥ Ip-™pap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ip-™m∏ (40). F-kv.Un.]n.sF.bp-sS k-Po-h {]h¿-Ø-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: jn-_n-e, j-^o-\, ap-lΩ-Zv kn-\m≥. am-Xm-hv: _o-hn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Z-en (Pn-±), A-jvd-^v.

Ip-ªn-¡-®³ sNm-¢n: dn-´. t]m-en-kv sl-Uv tIm¨-Ã-_n-ƒ ta-\-{]w B-jm \n-e-bØn¬ ]n Ip-™n-°Æ≥ (75).

d-low s]m-∂m-\n: h-≠n-t∏-´°p k-ao-]w ]m-e-°¬ dlow (24). Nm-W-bn-se tlm-´¬sXm-gn-em-fn-bmbn-cp-∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b sam-bv-Xo≥-_mh. am-Xm-hv: sF-io-_n. `m-cy: d-kn-b. a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv d-k¬, k¬-am\p¬ ^m-cn-kv. k-tlm-Zc-߃: d-jo-Zv, d-ko-\.

I-eym-Wn ]-ø-∂q¿: sh-t≈m-d-bnse ]-tc-X-\m-b hn ]n Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy sN-¥e ]p-Xn-b-ho-´n¬ I-eymWn (86). a-Iƒ: Im¿-Xymb-\n. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Pm-\-In, Ip-™n-°-Æ≥, ]m¿-h-Xn, \m-cm-b-Wn, ]tc-X-bm-b X-ºm-bn.

am-ln: ]-tc-X-cm-b sNtΩ-cn Ip-™m-∏p-˛e-£van Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ A-gn-bq¿ sN-tΩ-cn N{μ≥ (67). k-tlm-Z-c߃: c-ho-{μ≥ (dn-´. kq{]-≠v sk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰v, ]p-Xp-t®-cn), cm-tP-{μ≥ , kp-tc-{μ≥, i-io-{μ≥, Ptb-{μ≥ ({]n≥-kv Pz-√dn, sN-ss∂), ]-tc-X-\mb D-Ø-a≥.

A-ÐpÂ-Jm-ZÀ lm-Pn

]m-¯p-®n X-Æo¿-t°m-Sv: s]-cp-aÆq¿ ]-tc-X-\m-b h-enb-h-f-∏n¬ tN-°p-hn-s‚ `m-cy ]m-Øp-Æn (70). a°ƒ: lw-k (t]m-]p-e¿ {^-≠v), A-en, A-_q-_°¿, C-kv-am-Cu¬, Ban-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-sseJ, \-_o-k, _o-hm-Øp, jm-Pn.

D-½p-IpÂ-kp Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: ]-tc-X-\mb tIm-tf-Øv Ip-™-–p√-bp-sS `m-cy X-¶-bw Xmeq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn°p kao-]sØ hn ]n D-ΩpIp¬-kp (93). a-°ƒ: _o-^m-Øn-a, A-–p¿-dlvv-am≥, J-Zo-P, ap-l-Ω-Zv J-Zo-P (Zp-_-bv), bq-k^v (Ip-a-c-Iw).

a-½p -

Nn-cp-tX-bn

B-en- lm-Pn

e-£v-an-A-½

ao-\m-£n

A-½-Zv

I-Zn-b -

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \m-bÀ

th-ß-c: ]q-t®m-e-am-Sv ]p-Xp-°n-Sn a-Ωp (60). `mcy: Xm-´-bn¬ \-^o-k. a°ƒ: d-lv-a-Øv, kp-lv-d, km-Zn-J-en. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p-d-lv-am≥, ssk-Xe-hn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn, lpssk≥. J-_-d-S-°w hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se F-´c-°v ]q-t®m-e-am-Sv Pp-ama-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: sh-≈-d°m-Sv sX-cp-hn-se sXs° `-K-h-Xn-Im-hn¬ Nncp-tX-bn (98). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a≥. a°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥, Ieym-Wn, {io-[-c≥, Ko-X, ]-tc-X-cm-b N-¥p-°p-´n, Ip-™n-Ir-jv-W≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: \m-cm-b-Wn, tI-fp, Pm-\-In, tZ-h-In, _m-eIr-jv-W≥, e-fn-Xm-a-W-n. k-©-b-\w Rm-bdmgvN.

h-‰-eq¿: ta-°p-f-º aq-fnb≥ B-en- lm-Pn (75). `mcy: ^m-Øn-a l-÷p-Ω. a°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv, ap-kv-X-^, lw-k (Z-Ωmw), A-–p¬\m-k¿ (Pn-km≥), kp-ld, d-kn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-dp-h (k_v C≥-kv-s]-Œ¿), sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n h-en-bm-Sv (]n.U-ªyp.Un, A-´-∏mSn), ssa-aq-\, kp-sse-J, k-eo-\, J-Zo-P, k-^o-e.

s]-cp-h-Æm-aq-gn: ]-¥-n-cn°-c-bn-se ]p-Ø≥-]p-c-hf-∏n¬ e-£v-an-A-Ω (93). `-¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™n-cm-a≥ \m-b¿. a°ƒ: am-[-hn, _m-h, tZhn, eo-e, _m-e≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: Ip-™n-Ir-jv-W-Ipdp-∏v, Zm-tam-Z-c≥, `m-kv-Ic≥, a-[p-kq-[-\≥, c-an-X. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\p ]n-≈-s∏-cpa-Æ-bn-se ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

Xm-a-c-t»-cn: t]m¿-tßm´q¿ Ip-º-f-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b D-t∏-c-s‚ `m-cy ao\m-£n (78). a-°ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, btim-Z, I-a-e, {io-\n-hmk≥, A-\n-X, ]-tc-X-\mb k-Zm-\-μ≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-te-N-\, N-¥p°p-´n, j¨-ap-J≥, e-XnI, k-Zm-\-μ≥. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v 12\p ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

h-S-I-c: A-cq-cv ]-tc-X\m-b ]p-fn-bw-ho-´n¬ Ip-™-–p-√- lm-Pn-bpsS a-I≥ A-Ω-Zv (48). am-Xm-hv: a-dn-bw. `m-cy: k-^n-b (\-cn-∏-‰). a°ƒ: A-–p- -emw, l^v-k-Øv, lm-cn-kv, l¿jn-\. a-cp-a-I≥: d-Cukv (sX-cp-h≥-]-d-ºv). k-tlm-Z-c≥: A-–p-¬ a-Po-Zv.

a-¶-S: I-S-∂-a-Æ ]-tc-X\m-b ]-≈n-bm-en¬ Ip™o-s‚ `m-cy I-Zn-b (100). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, J-Zo-P, B-an-\, \-^n-k, B-bn-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: JZoP, A-_q-_-°¿, sam-bvXo≥, A-_p, ap-l-Ω-Zv. aøn-Øv \-a-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se F-´n-\v I-S-∂-aÆ a-l-√v Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

h-S-I-c: B-Zy-Im-e tIm¨-{K-kv-˛-sF.F≥.Sn.bp.kn t\-Xm-hv A-go-bqcn-se Ip-™n-cm-a≥ \m-b¿ (84). `m-cy: ]-Zv-am-£n AΩ. a-°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥ (kv]n-∂n-Mv an¬), P-b-cm-P≥, t{]-a, {]-ao-f, {]-ko-X, {]ho-W, k-t¥m-jv-Ip-am¿ (akv-°Øv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-a, A-Pn-X, [-\-e-£v-an, kptc-{μ≥, hn-P-b-Ip-am¿, {]Zo-]≥, Kw-Km-[-c≥.

BÀ.F-kv.F-kv. t\-Xm-hn-s\ sh-«n-s¡m-¶p hn-¿ -

k-Zm-\-µ³

th-ep- -

A-_q-_-¡À

kp-sse-J

]m-¯p-½

s]m-∑-f: ]p-Δm-Sv h-cnt°m-S≥ hn-ø (72). a°ƒ: lp-ssk≥, lw-k, Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv, ^mØn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kpsse-J, kp-ss_-Z, \^o-k, A-–p¿-d-lv-am≥.

_m-ep-t»-cn: ]q-f-∏-dºn¬ k-Zm-\-μ≥ (55). `m-cy: hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn. a-°ƒ: km-P≥, kmbn-Ip-am¿. k-©-b-\w i-\nbmgvN.

ssh-e-Øq¿: _w-•m-hpw Ip-∂v, Ip-‰n-°m-´n¬ th-ep (55).tIm-´-°¬ A¿-_≥ t_-¶v I-Sp-ßm-Øp-Ip-≠v im-J-bn-se sk-Iyq-cn-‰n Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: Ko-X. a-°ƒ: en-Pn, en-\n, hn-jv-Wp.

Xm-a-c-t»-cn: Iq-S-Ømbn sN-{º-Ip-∂-Øv A_q-_-°¿ (60). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: \-ko-a, \-ko-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-kvamCu¬, km-en.

s]m-∑p-≠w: k-em-a-Øv \-K¿ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-∂Øv am-bp-hn-s‚ a-Iƒ sN{º I-S-b-t°m-´n¬ l-\o^-bp-sS `m-cy kp-sse-J (38). a-°ƒ: A-\-kv, Pko-\, ln-_m-P-kven. a-cpa-I≥: ss^-k-ep-±o≥.

th-ß-c: Du-c-IwNmen¬ Ip-≠n-se ]-tc-X\m-b a-cp-Øn¬ sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ω (79). a-I≥: lw-k (Zp-_-bv). a-cp-aIƒ: dp-Jn-b.

_m-¸p-«n lm-Pn

A-\n-X-Ip-am-cn

cm-a³ -

ap-\oÀ

Pm-\-In

sN-Ω-e-t»-cn: s\-fn-bØv Ip-f-ºv {km-ºn-°¬ _m-∏p-´n lm-Pn (86). `mcy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: ]m-Øp-Ωp, lw-k, A-bap, k-^n-b, k-Io-\, lmP-d, a-Ωp, ssa-aq-\, I-adp, km-Zn-Jv, _p-jv-d, Akv-am-_n, l-^v-k-Øv.

sam-I-hq¿: ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm-g-ºp-d-Øv th-em-bp[-s‚ a-Iƒ A-\n-X-Ip-amcn (46). `¿-Øm-hv: c-Lp\m-Yv (a-[y-{]-tZ-iv). amXm-hv: N-{μ-a-Xn. k-tlm-Zc-ß-ƒ: A-Pn-X-Ip-am-cn, l-co-jv-Ip-am¿, hn-t\m-Zn\n, k-t¥m-jv-Ip-am¿.

F-S-h-Æ-∏m-d: Hm-am-\q¿ ]p-Xp-°p-Sn cm-a≥ (65). `mcy: im-¥. a-°ƒ: hn-P-b, t_-_n, {]n-b-P. a-cp-a°ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, kp-`mjv-N-{μ≥ (_-l-vdbv≥), kp-Ip-am-c≥. k-tlm-Z-c߃: A-∏p (dn-´. t]m-enkv k-_v C≥-kv-s]-Œ¿), ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-c≥.

Xn-cq¿: \n-d-a-cp-Xq¿ ]Ø-ºm-Sv \q¿-ssa-Xm\-Øv Iq-cn-bn¬ Ip™m-h-bp-sS a-I≥ ap\o¿ (29). aq-®n-°-en¬ Hm-t´m ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: B-_n-Z. a-I≥: A-ao¿. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cmhn-se 10\v ]-Ø-ºm-Sv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

B-\-a-ßm-Sv: Im-e-Snbn¬ Pm-\-In (86). a°ƒ: A-ø-∏≥, im-¥, {]-`m-I-c≥, in-h-i-¶-c≥, cm-[, l-cn-Zm-kv, cm-a-N{μ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-a-Irjv-W≥, Ip-©p-Æn, Pm-\In, hn-im-em-£n,k-Xy-`ma, am-en-\n, kp-\n-X.

X-«n-¸ptI-kn-se {]-Xn- Xq-§n-a-cn-¨p

tIm-´-bw: ap-°p-]-≠w ]-W-b-s∏-Sp-Øn X-´n-∏p \-SØm≥ {i-an-® tI-kn-se {]-Xn-sb Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn. X-an-gv-\m-Sv Un-≠n-K¬ Im-Wm-hmbn¬-s∏-´n kz-tZ-in i-in-Ip-am¿ (27) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. bq-\n-b≥ ¢-∫n-\p k-ao-]w C-bmƒ hm-S-I-bv-°p Xma-kn-°p-∂ ap-dn-bn¬ C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11\m-Wv ar-XtZ-lw I-≠-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\pti-jw _-‘p-°ƒ- G-‰p-hm-ßn. t_-°¿ P-Mv-j-\n¬ {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ kn-‰n bq\n-b≥ _m-¶n¬ I-gn-™ _p-[-\m-gv-N-bm-Wv Cbmƒ am-e-bpw h-f-bpw H-cp tPm-Un I-Ω-epw ]-Wbw h-bv-°m≥ sIm-≠p-h-∂-Xv. X-an-gv-\m-Sv Xn-cp-∏q¿ kz-tZ-in Z-fi-]m-Wn(27)bpw H-∏-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ap°p-]-≠-am-sW-∂-dn-™-tXm-sS C-cp-h-sc-bpw t]men-kv A-d-Ãv sN-b-vXn-cp-∂p. ]n-∂o-Sv Pm-ay-Øn-en-dßn. ]-Ww ]-en-i-bv-°p sIm-Sp-°p-∂ B-fm-Wp i-inIp-am¿. sh-Ãv t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

tZ-h-Zm-kv \m-dm-Øv: D-Wn-em-´v Bcw-`≥ tZ-h-Zm-kv(76).

Xn-cq¿: Xn-cp-\m-hm-b Ip-≠v-e-ßm-Sn I-S-t»cn h-f-∏n¬ lw-k-lmPn-bp-sS a-I≥ A-lΩ-Zv F-∂ Ip-™p-´n (50). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: k-ao-d, j-_o-_v. a-cpa-I≥: d-P-_v. k-tlmZ-c-߃: bm-lp-lmcm-[ I-b-dm-Sn: ]-ø-t¶m-Sv ]-tc- Pn, A-–p¬- Jm-Z¿, X-\m-b c-hn-bp-sS `m-cy cm- sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n, B[ (60). a-Iƒ: kv-t\-l-P. bn-i.

ap-l-½-Zv -

c-Xo-jv

Ip-ªm-Sn -

ZÀ-i-\ -

Ip-\n-bn¬: ta-em-]-dºn¬ Im-cm-´n¬ ap-lΩ-Zv (69). `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: ap-_-jn¿, ap≥jn-Z.

\o-dm-Sv: C-cp-∏a - Æ - C-√Øv hm-a\ - ≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS a-I≥ c-Xo-jv (32). amXm-hv: am-[h - n-°p-´n A-¥¿P-\w. k-tlm-Zc - n: c-P\ - n.

]m-≠n-°m-Sv: h-f-cm-Snse sh-ßm-S≥ Ip-™mSn (71). `-m-cy: \o-en. aI≥: _m-_p, a-cp-a-Iƒ: _n-μp.

N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: ]-≈n-°-c hn-f-°-Ø-d Zn-eo-]n-s‚ a-Iƒ Z¿-i-\ (14). am-Xmhv: \-fn-\n. k-tlm-Z-c≥: B-Z¿-iv.

A-©mw a-{´n-Øm-\-¯n-\p k-ap-Zm-bw \Â-tI-−n-h-¶ hn-e-bm-Wv `-h-\-]-²-Xn A-«n-a-dn: ]n Sn F d-low Fw.FÂ.F. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap-kv-enw- eoKn-s‚ A-©mw-a-{¥n ÿm-\Øn-\v k-ap-Zm-bw \¬-tI-≠n-h∂ hn-e-bm-Wv C-μn-cm B-hm-kv tbm-P-\-bn-se \yq-\-]-£ hnln-Xw sh-´n-°p-d-® \-S-]-Sn-sb∂v ]n Sn F d-low Fw.F¬.F. \yq-\-]-£- `-h-\-]-≤-Xn A-´n-adn-s°-Xn-tc tkm-fn-Um-cn-‰n kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n kw-L-Sn-∏n-® sk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰v am¿-®v D-Zv-Lm-S\w sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±lw. tI-{μ-]-≤-Xn-bp-sS \yq-\]-£ Kp-W-t`m-‡r-hn-ln-X-amb 47 i-X-am-\w tI-c-f-Øn¬ 15 i-X-am-\-am-bn am-‰w-h-cp-Øp-∂Xn-\v \ym-bo-I-c-W-an-√. a-‰p-]-e ]-≤-Xn-I-fpw \-S-∏m-°p-∂-Xn-\v X-S- w ]-d-bp-∂-Xv tI-{μ-\n-e-

A-l-½-Zv

]m-Sp-I-sf-bm-Wv. F-∂m¬, Chn-sS \yq-\-]-£m-\p-Iq-e-am-b tI-{μ-\n-e-]m-Sv tI-c-fw A-´n-adn-°p-I-bm-sW-∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d-™p. tkm-fn-Um-cn-‰n kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚ v Sn ap-l-Ω-Zv th-fw, ]m-f-bw C-amw P-am-ep-±o-≥ a-¶S, sF.F≥.F¬ kw-ÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn Fw Fw am-ln≥, sh¬-s^-b¿ ]m¿-´n kw-ÿm\ P-\-d-¬ sk-{I-´-dn sI Aw_p-Pm-£≥, P-am-A-sØ C-kvem-an ta-J-em -\m-knw ]n ]n A–p¿-d-lv-am≥, kzm-an hn-iz-`-{Zm\-μ i-‡n-t_m-[n, Fw.C.Fkv kw-ÿm-\ P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´dn ]n H sP e-∫, A-Uz. sI ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv kw-km-cn-®p.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: B¿.F-kv.F-kv. {]m-tZ-in-I t\-Xm-hpw a-W¬-am-^n-bm kw-L-Ø-e-h-\p-am-b bp-hm-hv sh-t´-‰p a-cn-®p. B¿.F-kv.F-kv X-a-ew im-Jm- Im-cy-hm-l-Iv X-a-ew Im-a-cm-Pv \-K¿ sIm®p-tXm-∏v ho-´n¬ Zn-hm-I-c-s‚ a-I≥ _n-\p-tam≥ (46) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. a-W¬-am-^n-b-Iƒ X-Ωn-ep-≈ Ip-Sn-∏-I-bm-Wv sIm-e-bv-°v ]n-∂n-se-∂m-Wv I-cpXp-∂-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw ]p-e¿-s® 2.30\v {Xn-hn-{I-aw-Ke-Øm-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. C-bm-fp-sS t\-Xr-XzØn¬ H-cp-kw-L-w a-Æn-Sn-®v tem-dn-bn¬ I-b-‰p-∂Xn-\n-sS t]m-en-kv h-cp-∂-Xm-bn hn-h-cw e-`n-®p. XpS¿-∂v C-bm-fpw kp-lr-Øpw ss_-°n¬ c-£-s∏Sm≥ {i-an-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS ss_-°p-I-fn-se-Øn-b Hcp kw-Lamfp-Iƒ sh-´p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. _n-\p kw-`-h-ÿ-e-ØpX-s∂ a-cn®p. kn.]n.FΩp-am-bn _-‘-ap-≈ kw-L-am-Wv A-{I-a-Øn-\v ]n∂n-se-∂v kw-L-]-cn-hm-cw B-tcm-]n-®p. _n-\p \nc-h-[n {In-an-\¬-tI-kp-I-fn¬ {]-Xn-bm-sW-∂v t]men-kv ]-d-™p.

hnZymÀYn ]pg-bn ap§n-a-cn¨p

sh-≈-ap-≠: Iq-´p-Im-tcmsSm-Øv Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßnb hn-Zym¿-Yn ]p-g-bn¬ apßn-a-cn-®p. \m-emw-ssa¬ km-hm≥ D-kv-am-s‚ a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv Pm-\n-kv (17) BWv C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS am\-¥-hm-Sn ]p-g-bn¬ ap-ßna-cn-®-Xv. am-\-¥-hm-Sn tIm-˛-Hm]-t‰-‰o-hv tIm-f-Pv H-∂mw-h¿-j _n-cp-Z-hn-Zym-¿-Ynbm-bn-cp-∂p. am-Xm-hv: dm-_n-b. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: dln-bm-\-Øv, Zm-bnw.

B-Zn-hm-kn bp-hm-hv ap-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: B-Zn-hm-kn bp-hm-hn-s\ Ip-f-Øn¬ ap-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. Nocm¬ I-Æn-h-´w \m-bv-° tIm-f-\n-bn-se th-cs\(50)-bm-Wv C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® k-ao-]-sØ a-eØq¿-h-b-en-se Ip-f-Øn¬ ap-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. I-gn-™ c-≠p Zn-h-k-am-bn C-bm-sf ImWm-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßn-b-t∏mƒ ap-ßn-a-cn-®-Xm-sW∂m-Wv t]m-en-kn-s‚ {]m-Y-an-I \n-K-a-\w. Ip-f-°-cbn¬ \n-∂v C-bm-fp-sS h-kv-{X-ß-fpw ]-W-a-S-ßn-b ]-gv-kpw a-Zy-°p-∏n-bpw I-s≠-Øn. kp¬-Øm≥ _tØ-cn t]m-en-kv Xp-S¿-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p. thc-\v `m-cy-bpw aq-∂p a-°-fp-ap-≠v.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: I-gn-™-Znh-kw ]m-e-Øn-߬ Np-gen-∏p-g-bn¬ Ip-fn-°m-\n-dßn Im-Wm-Xm-b A[ym]-I≥ arX-tZlw Is≠Sp-Øp. ]p-Ø≥-]o-Sn-I If-cn-°¬ ho-´n-se dn-´. k_v C≥-kv-s]-Œ¿ A-en-lk-s‚ a-I≥ A-Po-jn(28)s‚ ar-X-tZ-l-am-Wv C-∂se D-®-tbm-sS I-s≠-ØnbXv. Im-Wm-Xmb-Xp- apX¬ \m-´p-Im-cpw A-·n-i-a-\-tk-\-bpw tIm-kv-‰v Km-¿-Upw Xn-c-®n¬ \-S-Øn-bn-cp-s∂-¶n-epw A∂v Is≠-Øn-bn-cp-∂n-√. Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]{Xn-bn-¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam-¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw J-_-d-S-°n. am-Xm-hv: B-bn-im-_n-. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-\o-jv, A-ao-jv, \-kn-b.

P-hm³ KpP-dm-¯n acn¨p

t]-cm-{º: Nm-en-°-c kztZ-in-bm-b P-hm≥ Kp-P-dmØn-se tPm-en-ÿ-e-Øv a-cn-®-Xm-bn _-‘p-°ƒ°p hn-h-cw e-`n-®p. dn-´. F.F-kv.sF. ]n-em-°p∂-Øv C-{_m-lo-an-s‚ aI≥ \u-^¬ (24) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. \m-e-c-h¿-j-ambn ssk-\y-Øn-ep-≈ \u^¬ aq-∂p-am-kw ap-ºm-Wv A-h-[n-I-gn-™v t]m-bXv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 8.30\m-Wv a-c-Ww-hn-h-cw t^mWn¬ _-‘p-°-sf A-dn-bn-®-Xv. a-øn-Øv C-∂v sshIo-t´m-sS ho-´n-se-Øn-°pw. J-_-d-S-°w s\m-®m-Sv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. am-Xm-hv: ^m-Xzn-a. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \m-k¿ (ssk-\n-I≥, B-kmw), Pm^¿ (J-Ø¿), P-^o-\.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n ]-cn-t¡-äv NnInÂk-bn-em-bn-cp-¶-bmÄ acn¨p

sIm-bn-em-≠n: hm-l-\m]-I-S-Øn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v Hcp-h¿j-ambn NnIn¬kbn-em-bn-cp-∂-bmƒ acn®p. ]-©m-b-Øv aq-∂mwhm¿-Uv AwKhpw t£-aIm-cy- Ãm‚n-Mv I-Ωn-‰n sN-b¿-am-\p-am-b cm-Lh≥ (56) BWv acn-®Xv. Hcph¿-jw ap-ºm-bn-cp∂p A]-ISw. `m-cy: I-eym-Wn. a-°ƒ: tem-I-\m-Y≥, cmtI-jv, A-ºn-fn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\n¬, _n-Pn-\.

s]m-Å-te-äv A-`n-`m-j-I a-cn-¨p

ap-°w: ho-´n¬ \n-∂p s]m-≈-te-‰v Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn- I n¬- k - b n- e m- b n- c p- ∂ A-`n-`m-j-I a-cn-®p. am-º‰ t{K-bv-kn¬ A-Uz. Fw sI A-–p¬ _-jo-dn-s‚ `m-cy A-Uz. J-Zo-Pm _jo¿ (48) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. Xm-a-c-t»-cn _m¿ Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ Aw-K-hpw ap-°w ss\-‰nw-tK¬, kpμ-cn te-Uo-kv ssS-e-dn-Mv ÿm-]-\-ß-fp-sS D-S-a-bpam-bn-cp-∂p. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv ]p-Xn-b-\n-c-Øv Xm-sg-]p\-Øn¬ a-Ωp- lm-Pn-bp-sS-bpw l-÷o-_n-bp-sS-bpw a-I-fm-Wv. a-°ƒ: dn-kv-hm≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv _-jo¿, B_n-Zv ap-l-Ω-Zv _-jo¿ (C-cp-h-cpw hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-–p¬ K-^q¿, k-°o-\, kp-lv-dm_n. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p H-º-Xn-\v B-\-bmw-Ip-∂v XÆo¿-s]m-bn¬ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

]-\n _m-[n-¨p- a-cn-¨p Ip-dp-h: Ip-dp-h sk‚¿ ]m-tem-fn Ip-™n-sam-bvXo≥ F-∂ hm-∏-s‚ a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv jm-^n (26) ]-\n _m-[n-®v a-cn-®p. tIm-gnt°m-Sv kz-Im-cy B-ip-]{Xn-bn-¬h®mWv acWw. am-Xm-hv: dm-_n-b. `m-cy: jn¬-Pn. a-I≥: ap-l-Ω-Zv dko≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: k^o-e, jn-^, k-^.

Zp-tIm-_´-°-b¬:nÂc-hml-\m-]-I-S-¯n a-cn-¨p ≠-Øm-Wn

ap-≈≥-a-S ]-tc-X-\m-b s\-®n-°m-´n¬ G-\n-°p-´nbp-sS a-I≥ A-en (32) Zp_-bn¬ hm-l-\m-]-I-SØn¬ a-cn-®p. I-gn-™ hym-gm-gv-N ssh-Io-´v At©m-sSI-s≠-bv-\¿ tem-dn ss_-°n-en-Sn-®mbn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. am-dm°-c ]-©m-b-Øv sI.Fw.kn.kn-bp-sS {]-h¿-Ø-I\m-bn-cp-∂p. I-Zn-bm-ap-hm-Wv am-Xm-hv. `m-cy: A-kv-am_o-Kw. a-I≥: ap-l-Ω-Zv B-kn¬. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: a≥-kq¿ (A-_q-Z-_n), A-en A-kv-°¿.

t]m-en-kv I-ÌUn-bn-se-Sp-¯bmÄ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn a-cn-¨p

]p-\-eq¿: t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Ø a-[y-h-bkv-I≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ a-cn-®p. I-c-hm-fq¿ am-{X sh\n-tb¬ lu-kn¬ A-e-Iv-kv (42) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw ssh-Io-´v I-c-hm-fq-cn¬ a-Zy-]n®v {]-iv-\-ß-fp-≠m-°n-b-Xn-\m-Wv C-bm-sf I-Ã-Unbn-se-Sp-Ø-Xv. kv-t‰-j-\n¬ sIm-≠p-h-∂-t∏mƒ Xf¿-® A-\p-`-h-s∏-´-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v Xm-eq-°v B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-°p-I-bm-b-n-cp-∂p. Nn-In-¬-kbv°nsSbmWv a-cn-®-Xv. a-Zy-]m-\w \n¿-Øm-\p-≈ NnIn¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ C-bmƒ ho-≠pw a-Zy-]n-®t∏mƒ ssh-d¬-∏-\n-bpw X-f¿-®-bpw D-≠m-hp-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. lr-Z-bm-Lm-X-am-Wv a-c-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂v tUm-Œ¿-am¿ ]-d-™p. I-c-hm-fq-cn¬ Hm-t´m-dn-£m sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-am-bn kw-L¿-j-ap-≠m-°n-b-t∏m-gmWv Cbmsf t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Sn-se-Sp-Ø-Xv.

F ^n-tdm-kv ssl-t¡m-S-Xn-bn ssI-¯-dn-: tI-{µ-\-S-]-Sn{]-Xn-tj-[mÀ-lw-þ ]n-W-dm-bn ho-−pw Pm-aym-t]-£ \Â-In sIm-®n: F.Un._n hm-bv] - m X-´n∏p-tI-kn¬ ]n.B¿.Un ap≥ Ub-dŒ - ¿ F ^n-tdm-kv ssl-t°mS-Xn-bn¬ ho-≠pw Pm-aym-t]-£ \¬-In. A-dà - n-em-bn 48 Zn-hk - w I-gn-™n-´pw Ip-‰-]-{Xw k-a¿-∏n°m-Ø km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ Pmayw A-\p-h-Zn-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏-´m-Wv A-t]-£. l-c-Pn ]-cnK-Wn-® P-Ãn-kv F-kv F-kv kXo-i-N-{μ≥ hm-Zw ]q¿-Øn-bm°n hn-[n ]-db - m≥ am-‰n. F.Un._n hm-bv-] kw-L-Sn∏n-®p-\¬-Im-sa-∂p hm-Kv-Zm-\w \¬-In k-enw F-∂ hy-‡nbn¬ \n-∂p 2009¬ 40.20 e-£w X-´n-sb-Sp-Ø-Xn-\m-Wv ^n-tdmkn-s\-bpw k-cn-Xs - b-bpw _n-Pp-

hn-s\-bpw {]-Xn-bm-°n Xn-cp-h\ - ¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Ø-Xv. F.Un._n D-tZym-K-ÿ-\m-bn _n-Pp-hpw Nm¿-t´-Uv A-°u≠‚m-bn k-cn-X-bpw ^n-tdm-kv F.Un._n \-b -D-]-tZ-i-I-\mbpw N-a-™v X-´n-∏p-\-S-Øn-sb∂m-Wv tI-kv. {]-Xn-^-e-am-bn A-©p-e-£w cq-]-bpw tam-Xn-chpw lyq-≠m-bv Im-dpw ^n-tdm-kv ssI-∏‰ - nbncp∂p. F-∂m¬, \n-c] - c - m-[n-bm-sW∂v Nq-≠n-°m-´n-bm-Wv ^n-tdm-kv Pm-aym-t]-£ \¬-In-b-Xv. 2010¬ _n-Pp-hn-s\-bpw k-cn-Xsb-bpw A-dà - v sN-øp-tºmƒ- Xs‚ sam-gnbpw A-t\z-j-W kw-

Lw tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xm-sW∂pw k-cn-Xb - pw _n-Pp-hpw h-©n°p-I-bm-bn-cp-s∂-∂pw A-t]£-bn¬ ^n-tdm-kv ]-db - p-∂p. ^ntdmkv ssl-t°m-S-Xnbn¬ k-a¿-]n-® Pm-aym-t]-£ t\-c-tØ X-≈n-bn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿∂m-Wv I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw ho≠pw A-t]-£n-®-Xv. C-Xn-\n-sS tk-fm¿ tI-kn-se H-∂mw {]-Xn _n-Pp cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥ B-Zy-`mcy-sb sIm-∂-tI-kn¬ \¬-Inb Pm-aym-t]-£ P-kv-‰n-kv F-kv F-kv k-Xo-i-N-{μ≥ Xn-¶-fm-gvN-tØ-°p am-‰n. tI-kn¬ D-S≥ Ip-‰-]-{Xw k-a¿-∏n-°p-sa-∂v k¿-°m¿ ssl-t°m-S-Xn-sb A-dn-bn-®p.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ssI-Ø-dn- hyh-km-b- ]-T-\-k-an-Xn-bn¬ tI-c-fØn-\v {]m-Xn-\n-[yw \¬-Im-ØtI-{μ-k¿-°m¿- \-S-]-Sn- {]-Xn-tj[m¿-l-am-sW-∂v- kn-.]n.-Fw- kwÿm-\- sk-{I-´-dn- ]n-W-dm-bn- hnP-b-≥.- ssI-Ø-dn- hy-h-km-bsØ- ]p-\-cp-≤-cn-°m-\pw- kw-c£n-°m-\p-am-bn- tI-{μ- sS-Ivssì- a-{¥m-e-bw- cq-]o-I-cn-®]-T-\-k-an-Xn-bn¬- tI-c-fw- H-gn-sIbp-≈- F-´p kw-ÿm-\-ß-fn-sesS-Iv-ssì- lm-≥-Uv-eqw- U-b-dŒ¿-am-sc- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠-v.F-∂m¬,- H-t∂-Im¬- e-£-Øn-e[n-Iw- sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS- Po-hnXm-{i-b-am-b- tI-c-f-Øn-se- ssIØ-dn- ta-J-e-tbm-Sp- Im-´n-b- A-hK-W-\-bm-Wv- k-an-Xn-bn¬- tI-c-f-

Øn-\v- {]m-Xn-\n-[yw- \¬-Im-Xn-cp∂-sX-∂v ]n-W-dm-bn hm¿-Øm°p-dn-∏n¬ Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øn.kw-ÿm-\-sØ- ssI-Ø-dn-taJ-e- {]-Xn-k-‘n-bn-epw- X-I¿-®bn-ep-am-Wv.- ssI-Ø-dn- kw-L-ßfp-sS- I-Sw- F-gp-Xn-Ø-≈p-∂-Xn-\vtI-{μ- _-P-‰n¬- 2010¬- {]-Jym-]n®- 3884 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS- B-izmk-\-S-]-Sn- C-Xp-h-sc- ]q¿-Øn-bm°n-bn-´n-√.- 785 kw-L-߃- c-Pnÿ- sN-bv-Xn-´p-≈- C-hn-sS- 124 kwL-߃-°p- am-{X-ta- C-Xp-h-sck-lm-b-[-\w- \¬-In-bn-´p-≈q.tI-c-f-Øn-se- ssI-Ø-dn- hy-hkm-b-sØ- kw-c-£n-°m-≥ {]tXy-I- \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ- tI-{μ-k¿°m¿- kzo-I-cn-°-W-sa-∂pw- ]nW-dm-bn- B-h-iy-s∏-´p.

Un.ssh.-F-^v.sF. {]-hÀ-¯-I-s\ aÀ-±n-¨ F-kv.sF¡v kkvs]³j³ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap-Jy-a{¥n-°pw a-{¥n sI ]n taml-\-\p-sa-Xn-tc {]-Xn-tj-[n®- Un.ssh.-F-^v.sF {]h¿-Ø-I-s\ a¿-±n-® Fkv.F-.sb k-kv-s]-≥-Uv sNbv-Xp. ]q-¥p-d t]m-en-kv kv-t‰j-\n-se t{K-Uv F-kv.sF hn-P-b-Zm-kn-s\-bm-Wv k-kvs]≥-Uv sN-bv-X-Xv. kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v At\z-jn-® kv-s]-jy¬ {_m©v Un-ssh.F-kv.]n-bp-sS dn-t]m¿-´n-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-em-Wv \-S-]-Sn.


6

thÀ-]mSv

KOZHIKODE

5 k]vXw-_¿ 2013 hymgw

hn-ZymÀ-Yn ]p-g-bn ap-§na-cn-¨p

Ip-ªn-¡-®³

N-{µ³

sNm-¢n: dn-´. t]m-en-kv sl-Uv tIm¨-Ã-_n-ƒ ta-\-{]w B-jm \n-e-bØn¬ ]n Ip-™n-°-Æ≥ (75). F-kv.F≥.-Un.]n tbm-Kw Cu-Ãv ta-\-{]w im-Jm sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bn-cp∂p. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cmhn-se 11\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: B¿ Fw k-tcm-Pn\n. a-°ƒ: B-j, A-`n-emjv. a-cp-a-I≥: k-t¥m-jv (sl-Uv tIm¨-kv-‰_nƒ).

am-ln: ]-tc-X-cm-b sNtΩ-cn Ip-™m-∏p-˛e-£van Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ A-gn-bq¿ sN-tΩ-cn N{μ≥ (67). k-tlm-Z-c߃: c-ho-{μ≥ (dn-´. kq{]-≠v sk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰v, ]p-Xp-t®-cn), cm-tP-{μ≥ (ku-Øv a-e-_m¿ {Km-ao¨ _m-¶v, \m-Zm-]p-cw tdm-Uv), kp-tc-{μ≥ (sk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰v, ]p-Xpt®-cn), i-io-{μ≥ (I-pssh-Øv), P-tb-{μ≥ cm-[ ({]n≥-kv Pz-√-dn, sNI-b-dm-Sn: ]-ø-t¶m-Sv ]ss∂), ]-tc-X-\m-b Dtc-X-\m-b c-hn-bp-sS `m- Ø-a≥. kw-kv-Im-cw Ccy cm-[ (60). a-Iƒ: kv∂p cm-hn-se sN-tΩ-cnt\-l-P. a-cp-a-I≥: \m-cm- bn-se X-d-hm-´p h-f-∏n¬. b-W≥.

I-eym-Wn

]m-¯p-®n

A-ÐpÂ-Jm-ZÀ lm-Pn

D-½p-IpÂ-kp

A-_v-Zp-Ã

e-£v-an-b-½

bm-¡q-_v lm-Pn

Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv

sN-¶-f: ]-g-b-Im-e apkvenw eo-Kv t\-Xm-hv sN-¶-f \m-emw ssa-enen-se kn Fw A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿ lm-Pn (85). sN-¶f am-c Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚m-bncp-∂p. `m-cy-am¿: Bbni, ]-tc-X-bm-b a-dnbw-_n a-Sn-ss°. a-°ƒ: A-–p-√, sam-bv-Xo≥, apl-Ω-Zv, A-–p¿-dlvam≥, _o-^m-Øn-a, J-Zo-P, ssa-aq-\, \-^ok, ssJ-dp-∂n-k, kp-lvd, B-kn-b, \-ko-a, Akv-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p√, ap-l-Ω-Zv, lp-ssk\m¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p¬Jm-Z¿, l-ssk-\m¿, lm-Pn-d, tdm-jn.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: ]-tc-X\m-b tIm-tf-Øv Ip™-–p-√-bp-sS `m-cy X-¶-bw Xm-eq-°v B-ip]-{Xn°p kao-]sØ hn ]n D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp (93). a-°ƒ: _o-^mØn-a, A-–p¿-d-lv-am≥, J-Zo-P, ap-l-Ω-Zv J-Zo-P (Zp-_-bv), bq-k-^v (Ipa-c-Iw). a-cp-a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Z-en, \-^o-k, ico-^, ]-tc-X-\m-b, apl-Ω-Zv Ip-™n-lm-Pn, k-_q-d. k-tlm-Z-c≥: ]-tc-X-\m-b A-–p¬ I-cow lm-Pn.

t_m-hn-°m-\w: _m-hn°-c sI.sI.]p-d-sØ ]-tc-X-cm-b Ip-™m-a-Zns‚-bpw _o-^m-Øn-a-bpsS-bpw a-I≥ A-_v-Zp-√ (55). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: km-Pn-Z, an-kv-cnb, \-ko-d, dm-jn-Zv. a-cpa-°ƒ: A-j-d-^v, A-lΩ-Zv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: adn-b, B-bn-i, sam-bv-Xp, A-_q-_-°¿, A-_vZp¬ d-lv-am≥, A-_v-Zp¬ Jm-Z¿.

cm-P-]p-cw: sam-tbm-ew sX-ø-Øn-¶m-hn-se ]tc-X-\m-b ]p-en-t°mS≥ tI-fp-a-Wn-bm-Wnbp-sS `m-cy ]p-Xn-bm-dº-Øn e-£v-an-b-Ω (94). a-°ƒ: I-cp-Wm-Ic≥, b-tim-Z, X-ºm≥, `m-kv-I-c≥, \m-cm-bW≥, `m-\p-a-Xn, k-c-k-zXn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bWn, Ip-™-n-°-Æ≥, Xºm-bn, Hm-a-\, X-¶-aWn, kp-a-Xn, cm-L-h≥, Ip-™n-°-Æ≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: I-e-ymWn, am-[-hn, C-μn-c, ]tc-X-cm-b ]p-Xn-bm-d-ºØv tI-fp, am-Wn-°w, tIm-a≥, tKm-hn-μ≥, Pm\-In, X-ºm-bn.

]-ø-∂q¿: No-ta-\n-bnse {]-ap-J hym-]m-cnbpw sh-≈q¿ ap-kv-enw P-am-A-Øv sk-{I-´-dnbp-am-b aq-∏‚-I-Øv bm°q-_v lm-Pn (70). `m-cy: k-^n-b. a-°ƒ: ap-l-ΩZ-en (ku-Zn), A-–p-¬ k-emw, jm-°n-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: l-^v-k-Øv, a-ldq-^v, iw-kp-±o≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ssl-Z¿, bq-kp-^v, ssk-\-_, adn-bp-Ω. J-_-d-S-°w C∂p cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v sh-≈q¿ Pp-am-A-Øv ]≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

hn-f-bq¿: hn-f-bq¿ h-enb-]-d-ºn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´nbpsS ap-I≥ Ip-™pap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ip-™m∏ (40). \-S-°m-hv kz-Imcy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-¬ NnIn-¬k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. F-kv.Un.]n.sF.bp-sS k-Po-h {]-h¿-Ø-I-\mbn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ^m-Øna. a-°ƒ: jn-_n-e, j^o-\, ap-l-Ω-Zv kn\m≥. am-Xm-hv: _o-hn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-ΩZ-en (Pn-±), A-jv-d-^v.

Pm-\-In-A-½

ap-Xp-h-S-Øq¿: Im-t\mØv Ip-™-_v-Zp-√ I-∏pd-Øv (65). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-I≥ Ip™-Ω-Zv (J-Ø¿). a-cp-aIƒ: l-ko-\. k-tlm-Zc-߃: ssk-\-_, lmjnw.

ap-g-∏n-e-ßm-Sv: Ip-fw _o-®v tdm-Uv sd-bn¬th tK-‰n-\v k-ao-]w ko]n≥ lu-kn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-≈n-°¬ a-Ωplm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy No°n-tem-S≥ ]p-Xn-b ho´n¬ B-bn-i (86). a°ƒ: i-co-^, sam-bvXo≥ Ip-´n, Iu-e-Øv, ap-kv-X-^, k-^n-b, ]tc-X-\m-b a-Ωq-´n.

sI-´m-߬; Nq-eq-¿ ap≠-°m-fn-Øm-gw ap-≠°m-fn ]-tc-X-\m-b A-\¥≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Pm-\-In-A-Ω (75). a°ƒ: _m-e≥ \m-b¿ (k-_v F-≥Pn-\o-b¿ sI.F-kv.C._n sI-´m߬), I-eym-Wn-A-Ω, ]m¿-h-Xn A-Ω, kp-`mjn-Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-¶c≥ \m-b¿, tIm-tcm-Øv hn-P-b≥-\m-b¿, D-jmIp-am-cn, ]-tc-X-\m-b Irjv-W≥-Ip-´n-\m-b¿.

B-bn-i

sFim_n

Ip-‰ym-Sn: I-c-tßm-Sv ]tc-X-\m-b ]p-Xn-tbm-´pws]m-bn¬ Nm-Øp-hn-s‚ `m-cy I-eym-Wn (85). aI≥: Ip-™n-cm-a≥ (dn´. ]yq¨ K-h.tIm-f-Pv sam-tI-cn). a-cp-a-Iƒ: im-¥.

]-tøm-fn: ]p-d-°m-Sv ]tc-X-\m-b B-b-SpØn¬ Nm-Øp-°p-´n \mb-cp-sS `m-cy A-Ωm-fpA-Ω (93). a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥ \mb¿, A-tim-I≥, N-{μti-J-c≥ (C-cp-h-cpw hnap-‡-`-S≥-am¿). a-cp-a°ƒ: Hm-a-\, Kn-cn-P, Dj. k-©-b-\w sh≈nbmgvN.

Imk¿-tImUv: apkv enweoKv kwÿm\ sshkv {]-kn-U‚pw knUvtIm sNb¿am\pam-b kn Sn AlΩZenbpsS `mcy DΩmenΩbpsS amXmhv kn Sn sFim_n (90). `¿Ømhv: ]tcX\mb A∫mkvIp´n. a‰pa°ƒ: ]tcXcmb ssZ\_n, A–p¬ JmZ¿, sambvXo≥Ip™n.

A-½m-fp-A-½

]-ø-∂q¿: sh-t≈m-d-bnse ]-tc-X-\m-b hn ]n Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy sN-¥e ]p-Xn-b-ho-´n¬ I-eymWn (86). a-Iƒ: Im¿-Xymb-\n. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Pm-\-In, Ip-™n-°-Æ≥, ]m¿-h-Xn, \m-cm-b-Wn, ]tc-X-bm-b X-ºm-bn.

X-Æo¿-t°m-Sv: s]-cp-aÆq¿ ]-tc-X-\m-b h-en-bh-f-∏n¬ tN-°p-hn-s‚ `m-cy ]m-Øp-Æn (70). a°ƒ: lw-k (t]m-]p-e¿ {^-≠v), A-en, A-_q-_°¿, C-kv-am-Cu¬, Ban-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-sseJ, \-_o-k, _o-hm-Øp, jm-Pn.

Ip-ªm-½

hn-em-kn-\n

tZ-h-Zm-kv

ao-\m-£n

A-K-Ìy³

D-kv-am³ lm-Pn

ap-kv-X-^

e-£-av n

B-\-°-c: Nm-en-t»-cn sN-dp-h-Øq¿ ]-tc-X-\mb ]m-hp-s‚ `m-cy Ip™m-Ω (87).- kw-kv-°mcw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 12\v Nm-en-t»-cn sk‚ v HuKn¬ N¿-®v sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: Ko-h¿Ko-kv, Hu-Kn≥, tdm-a¬.]-tc-X-\m-b ssk-a¨. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ta-cn, sU-bvkn, A-Pn, do-P.

sNm-¢n: ta-\-{]w B≠n-∏o-Sn-I-bn-se s\√n-°-≠n-bn¬ hn-emkn-\n (61). ]-tc-X-cm-b I-Wm-cs‚-bpw am-[-hn-bp-sSbpw a-I-fm-Wv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: kmhn-{Xn, e-£v-an, I-a-e, k-Xn, ]-Xva-m-h-Xn, cmP≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-\¥≥.

\m-dm-Øv: D-Wn-em-´v B-cw-`≥ tZ-h-Zmkv(76). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b sIm-bn-te-cy≥ \m-cmb-Wn. a-°ƒ: Zm-tam-Zc≥, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, ]flm-h-Xn, ap-Ip-μ≥, {io-P, D-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-ø-∏≥, kp-{]≥, i-in, _m-_p, {io-P, {]o-X.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: C-S-bn-e°m-Sn-se Hm-e-°m-cØn ao-\m-£n (85). a°ƒ: \m-cm-b-Wn, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, ]-Xva\m-`≥, cm-P≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: Ip-™n-cm-a≥, ]n hn e-£v-a-W≥, sI ]n X-¶-a-Wn, {]-ko-X. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tcX-cm-b am-Xn, Hm-e-°mc≥ A-ºp.

s]-cn-tßmw: I-Sp-ta-\nbn-se ]n Fw A-K-Ãy≥ (72). `m-cy: t{X-kym-Ω. a-°ƒ: s_-∂n, tXm-akv, _o-\, s_-‰n. a-cp-a°ƒ: h¬-k-Ω, F¬kn, am-Xyp, tPm-jn. ktlm-Z-c-߃: sk-_mkv-‰y≥, t{X-kym-Ω, tacn, ^n-tem-an-\, F¬-kn.

s]-cn-ß-Øq¿: ]p-√q-°c-bn-se C-√-Øv D-kvam≥ lm-Pn (78). `m-cy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: A≥-h¿ (_mw•q¿), \-Pv-a, a-l-vdq-^v, dnbm-kv (F-d-Wm-Ip-fw), dlvkm≥ (Ip-ssh-Øv). acp-a-°ƒ: A-ao-\, D-ss\k. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]tc-X-cm-b A-–p-√, Ip™m-an, A-bn-ip, a-dnbw.

s]-cn-ß-Øq¿: H-en∏n¬ ]p-fn-b-\-{º-sØ sN-≈-Øv ap-kv-X-^ (80). ]p-Ø≥-]-≈n a-l√v ap≥ {]-kn-U-‚m-Wv. `m-cy: I-Zo-ip. a-°ƒ: kzm-en-lv, J-eo¬, \Po-_v, _¬-°o-kv, jl¿-_m-\p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-l-Ω-Zv, A-_q-´n, _pjv-d, A-ao-d, X≥-ko-d.

sNm-¢n: kn.]n tdm-Uv B-≠n-∏o-Sn-Ib - n-se sImf-h´- Ø - v e-£va - n (65). ]tc-Xc - m-b B-≠n-bp-sSbpw Nn-cX - b - p-sS-bpw a-Ifm-Wv. kn.]n.Fw tIm-Sntb-cn ap≥ tem-°¬ IΩn-‰n- Aw-Kw ]-tc-X\ - m-b ]n sI cm-P\ - m-Wv `¿-Ømhv. a-°ƒ: a-t\m-Pv (a-kv°-Øv), P-ko-\, cm-Poh≥ (a-kv° - Ø - v). a-cp-a°ƒ: a-ln-P, [ym-\, Atim-I≥ (a-kv° - Ø - v). ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: cm-P≥, kpIp-am-c≥ (ssa-kq¿), {]`m-Ic - ≥ (ssa-kq¿), h-k¥, ssi-eP - . kw-kvI - mcw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v ho´p-hf - ∏ - n¬.

Ip-ª-_v-Zp-Ã I-¸p-d-¯v

Ip-ª-n-ap-l-½-Zv s]m-∂m-\n: ]p-g-{ºw ]tc-X-\m-b sN-dp-]-dºn¬ sam-bv-Xo-s‚ aI≥ Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv (51). sI.F-kv.F-^v.C h-fm-t©-cn {_m-©v Poh-\-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: In-_v-Øn-b. a-°ƒ: Pn-bm-Zv, k-\. k-tlm-Z-c߃: l-\o-^, A-–p¬ _-jo¿ (A-_q-Z-_n), B-bn-i.

I-eym-Wn

i-¦-c³ \m-bÀ

F-S-°-c: Nm-Øw-ap-≠ kp¬-Øm≥-]-Sn-bn-se aw-K-e-Øv ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ am-Xyp (80). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b ta-cn.

sIm-t≠m-´n: Xp-d-°¬ tdm-b¬ F-b¿-t^m-gv-kv dn-´. Po-h-\-°m-c≥ F-c™n-°¬ D-Æo≥-Ip-´n lm-Pn (90). a-l-√v Im-cW-h¿, Xp-d-°¬ a-l-√v ap≥ {]-kn-U‚ v, dn-eo-^v tlm-kv-]n-‰¬ sN-b¿am≥- ÿm-\-߃ h-ln®n-´p-≠v. a-°ƒ: bq-kp^v I-am¬, ap-l-Ω-Zv l\o-^v, ap-kv-X-^ I-am¬, j-d-^p-±o≥ (aq-h-cpw bp.F-kv.F), A-ao¿, Pmkv-an≥, d-kn-b, sse-e, apw-Xm-kv, _o-\.

t]-cm-{º: s]m-Xp-{]-h¿Ø-I-\pw N-ß-tcm-Øv a-fi-ew tIm¨-{K-kv ap≥ {]-kn-U‚pw I-Sn-bßm-Sv a-lm-hn-jv-Wpt£-{X ap≥ {]-kn-U‚pam-bn-cp-∂ ]m-te-cn I∂m-´n-bn-se am-Wn-°mwI-≠n-bn¬ tN-Wn-bwIp-f-ß-c i-¶-c≥ \mb¿ (93). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b ao-\m-£n-A-Ω. a°ƒ: kn sI cm-L-h≥, \m-cm-b-W≥- (dn-´. sImbn-em-≠n Xm-eq-°v am¿°-‰n-Mv skm-ssk-‰n Ãm-^v), ]-fln-\n, ktcm-Pn-\n, km-hn-{Xn, ]Xvam-h-Xn, c-a.

D-®o³-Ip-«n- lm-Pn

ap-l-½-Zm-en cm-a] - p-cw: kvI - qƒ-]S- n-bnse ]-tc-X\ - m-b ]m-e{- ] Jm-en-Zn-s‚ a-I≥ ap-lΩ-Zm-en (52). cm-a] - p-cw Su-Wn-se ]me-{] S-tb-gvk - v D-Sa - b - pw a[y-{]-tZ-iv I¬-°c - n ssh-Zyp-Xn πm‚n-se Poh-\° - m-c\ - p-am-bn-cp-∂p. am-Xm-hv: B-an-\. `m-cy: J-Zo-P.

s]m-«³

am-S-¼n

k-tcm-Pn-\n

ta-em-‰q¿: Io-gm-‰q¿ Ben-°-∏-d-ºv sh-fp-Ø (58). `m-cy: \m-Sn-®n.

am-\-¥-hm-Sn: I-Ω-\ \t™m-Øv tIm-f-\n-bnse s]m-´≥ (64). `m-cy: Cu-c. a-°ƒ: im-¥, _m-e≥, a-Rv-Pp-f, Pb≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-hn, ca, do-P.

B-\-°-c: \-øq¿ tNme-∏-d-ºn¬ am-S-ºn (82). `m-cy: tIm-®n.- a-°ƒ: th-em-bp-[≥,- \m-cm-bW≥, N-{μ≥,- X-¶-.a-cp-a°ƒ: X-¶-a-Wn, k-c-kzXn, kp-tem-N-\.

cm-P-]p-cw: _-fmw-tXm-Sv Nm-ap-≠n-°p-∂n-se Cμp-hn-em-k-Øn¬ kn \m-cm-b-W-s‚ `m-cy ktcm-Pn-\n (58). a-°ƒ: _n-μp, \-μ-Ip-am¿. a-cp-aI≥: cm-a-W≥ A-Sq¿.

am-bn³

Ip-ªm-an

B-an-\- -

]p-cp-tjm-¯-a³

A-Ðp-Ã

D-®n-\-¼ymÀ

^m-¯n-a-¡p-«n

am-[-hn-A-½

s]-cn-tßmw: sIm-c-ßm-Sv _-Z¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn-\p kao-]w A-®n‚-I-Øv ambn≥ (80). `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: Jm-en-Zv, J-Zo-P, Ip-™m-an-\, A-–p-√, A_q-_-°¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k°o-\, A-l-Ω-Zv, A-kv-a, B-bn-i, ]-tc-X-\m-b apØ-en-_v. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ip-™m-a-n-\, ]-tcX-\m-b l-k-bv-\m¿.

I-°-´n¬: No-t°m-∂nse ]-tc-X-\m-b c-b-cΩ≥ I-≠n-bn¬ A–p-√-bp-sS `m-cy Ip™m-an (63). a-°ƒ: kq-∏n, A–p¬ -A-ko-kv (Zp-_bv), ssk-\, dw-e. a-cpa-°ƒ: k-eow, Ip-™–p-√, kp-ss_-Z, \ko-a.

Im-fn-Im-hv: I-√m-aq-ebn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b N°v-ß-sØm-Sn-I ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ `m-cy Np-≠nbw aq-®n B-an-\ (85). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Z-en, iw-kp-±o≥, A-–p¬l-ao-Zv, C-Æn-°-Ωp, A-–p¬ P-eo¬, P-amep-±o≥, ^-k-ep-±o≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b a-c-°m¿.

a-Æq¿: h-S-°p-ºm-Sv I-cn-¶-√m-bv ]p-cptjm-Ø-a≥ (64). `mcy: B-i. a-°ƒ: lco-jv, Pn-tX-jv. ktlm-Z-c-߃: kp-Ipam-c≥, Ip-´n-iz-c≥, ]-Xva-\m-`≥, am-[hn, Pm-\-In, k-tcmPn-\n, tZ-h-bm-\n. k©-b-\w i\nbmgvN.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: ]-¥-∏Sn Im-c-°¬ A-–p√ (75). `m-cy: B-bni. a-°ƒ: jp-°q¿ (Zp_-bv), ss^-k¬, kp-ss_¿, kpssl¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssd-lm\-Øv, ko-\-Øv, Akv-am-_n, kp-a-ø.

In-\m-eq¿: In-\m-eq¿ FtÃ-‰v sX-®n-bn-¬ \n-´w-]md-®m-en¬ sI D-Æn-\ºym¿ (73). dn-´. kq-∏¿ssh-k¿ In-\m-eq-¿ F-tÉv. `m-cy: eo-em-Ω (dn-´. In\m-eq¿ F-tÃ-‰v). a-°ƒ: {]-tam-Zv (^-b¿-t^m-gvk - v \-cn-°p-\n), D-j, D-am-tZhn, {]-ta-eX - . a-cp-a° - ƒ: {]-`m-Ic - ≥, i-¶c - ° - p-dp-∏v. k-©b - \ - w sh-≈nbmgvN.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: ]m-eØn-߬ sIm-´-¥-e ]-tc-X-\m-b F-´n-bmS≥ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n-bpsS `m-cy ^m-Øn-a-°p´n (80). a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n F-∂ _m-∏p, D-ΩmØ-°p-´n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssk-\-_, A-l-Ω-ZvIp-´n.

]-tøm-fn: aq-cm-Sv ]-tcX-\m-b I-Wm-c-s‚ `mcy ]q-hn¬ am-[-hn-AΩ (84). a-°ƒ: cm-P≥ (t]m-kv‰v-am≥, C-cn-߬ tIm´-°¬), kp-a-Xn. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-Pn, _m-e-Irjv-W≥ (sN-dp-hÆq¿).

tZ-h-ky- -

Ip-ª-¿-¸³-

dw-e-

sh-ų

tZ-h-ky

kp-sse-am³

A-{´p

cm-a-Ir-jv-W³

F-S-°-c: sN-º≥-sIm√n X-´m-]m-d-bn¬ tZ-hky (tPm-kv-˛55). `m-c-y: Nn-∂-Ω. a-°ƒ: kv-anX, kn-_n≥ (dn-bm-Zv). acp-a-I≥: _n-\o-jv. -

ta-em-‰q¿: F-S-∏-‰ G∏n-°m-Sv Im-cm-∏p-≈n Ip-™-ø-∏-≥ (60). `mcy: Ko-X. a-°ƒ: [\y, [-t\-jv, [-\p-{io. a-cp-a-I≥: k-t¥m-jv.

tam-ßw: H-f-a-Xn¬ ]mhp-°m-S≥ X-d-bw-]n-em°¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ aIƒ dw-e (24). `¿-Ømhv: jm-P-lm≥. am-Xmhv: _n-cn-bp-Ω. a-Iƒ: j-lm-\.

t]-cm-{º: ]-¥n-cn-°c - b - nse Iq-SØ - mw-I≠ - n aoج sh-≈≥ (90). `mcy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b I-eymWn. a-°ƒ: k-Xy≥, \mWp, ]-tc-Xb - m-b b-tim-Z.

tIm-S-t©-cn: im-¥n-\K¿ A-g-I-Øv tZ-h-ky (t_-_n-˛54). `m-cy: ta-cn (h-b-\m-Sv dn-∏¨ ]-®n°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv). a-°ƒ: an-Yp≥, an-Yy.

h-S-I-c: tNm-tdm-Sv ]-≈nØm-g k-^m a≥-kn¬ kp-sse-am≥ (58). `m-cy: k-^n-b. a-°ƒ: dn-bmkv, i-lo-Z, dm-Pn-kv, A¿-jm-Zv, B-kn-^v.

B-b-t©-cn: h-≈n-bm-Sv s\-Sp-Ip-\n A-{¥p (50). `m-cy: kp-sse-J. a°ƒ: jw-ko¿, jw-\m^. a-cp-a-°ƒ: j-l-e, j-_o¿.

F-S-h-Æ: ]-Ø-∏n-cn-bw t]m-Ø-p-sh-´n kv-t‰-Unbw tlm-´¬ \-S-Øn-∏pIm-c-\m-bn-cp-∂ A-cn-{º cm-a-Ir-jv-W≥ (71). `mcy: Im¿-Xym-b-\n. a-°ƒ: a-Rv-Pp, Nn-©p.

I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw Ip-a-c-√q-cn¬ \n-cym-X\m-b h-≈n-°m-´v]-Sn A-ø-∏≥ (65)

sh-fp-¯

A-©mw a-{´n-Øm-\-¯n-\p k-ap-Zm-bw \Â-tI-−n-h-¶ hn-e-bm-Wv `-h-\-]-²-Xn A-«n-a-dn: ]n Sn F d-low Fw.FÂ.F. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap-kv-enw- eoKn-s‚ A-©mw-a-{¥n ÿm-\Øn-\v k-ap-Zm-bw \¬-tI-≠n-h∂ hn-e-bm-Wv C-μn-cm B-hm-kv tbm-P-\-bn-se \yq-\-]-£ hnln-Xw sh-´n-°p-d-® \-S-]-Sn-sb∂v ]n Sn F d-low Fw.F¬.F. \yq-\-]-£- `-h-\-]-≤-Xn A-´n-adn-s°-Xn-tc tkm-fn-Um-cn-‰n kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n kw-L-Sn-∏n-® sk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰v am¿-®v D-Zv-Lm-S\w sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±lw. tI-{μ-]-≤-Xn-bp-sS \yq-\]-£ Kp-W-t`m-‡r-hn-ln-X-amb 47 i-X-am-\w tI-c-f-Øn¬ 15 i-X-am-\-am-bn am-‰w-h-cp-Øp-∂Xn-\v \ym-bo-I-c-W-an-√. a-‰p-]-e ]-≤-Xn-I-fpw \-S-∏m-°p-∂-Xn-\v X-S- w ]-d-bp-∂-Xv tI-{μ-\n-e-

]m-Sp-I-sf-bm-Wv. F-∂m¬, Chn-sS \yq-\-]-£m-\p-Iq-e-am-b tI-{μ-\n-e-]m-Sv tI-c-fw A-´n-adn-°p-I-bm-sW-∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d-™p. tkm-fn-Um-cn-‰n kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚ v Sn ap-l-Ω-Zv th-fw, ]m-f-bw C-amw P-am-ep-±o-≥ a-¶S, sF.F≥.F¬ kw-ÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn Fw Fw am-ln≥, sh¬-s^-b¿ ]m¿-´n kw-ÿm\ P-\-d-¬ sk-{I-´-dn sI Aw_p-Pm-£≥, P-am-A-sØ C-kvem-an ta-J-em -\m-knw ]n ]n A–p¿-d-lv-am≥, kzm-an hn-iz-`-{Zm\-μ i-‡n-t_m-[n, Fw.C.Fkv kw-ÿm-\ P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´dn ]n H sP e-∫, A-Uz. sI ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv kw-km-cn-®p.

am-Xyp-

sh-≈-ap-≠: Iq-´p-Im-tcmsSm-Øv Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßnb hn-Zym¿-Yn ]p-g-bn¬ apßn-a-cn-®p. \m-emw-ssa¬ km-hm≥ D-kv-am-s‚ a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv Pm-\n-kv (17) BWv C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS am\-¥-hm-Sn ]p-g-bn¬ ap-ßna-cn-®-Xv. am-\-¥-hm-Sn tIm-˛-Hm]-t‰-‰o-hv tIm-f-Pv H-∂mw-h¿-j _n-cp-Z-hn-Zym-¿-Yn-bmbn-cp-∂p. am-Xm-hv: dm-_n-b. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: d-lnbm-\-Øv, Zm-bnw.

B-Zn-hm-kn bp-hm-hv ap-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: B-Zn-hm-kn bp-hm-hn-s\ Ipf-Øn¬ ap-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. No-cm¬ I-Æn-h-´w \m-bv-° tIm-f-\n-bn-se th-c-s\(50)-bmWv C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® k-ao-]-sØ a-e-Øq¿-h-b-ense Ip-f-Øn¬ ap-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. I-gn™ c-≠p Zn-h-k-am-bn C-bm-sf Im-Wm-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßn-b-t∏mƒ ap-ßn-a-cn-®-Xm-sW∂m-Wv t]m-en-kn-s‚ {]m-Y-an-I \n-K-a-\w. Ip-f-°-cbn¬ \n-∂v C-bm-fp-sS h-kv-{X-ß-fpw ]-W-a-S-ßn-b ]-gv-kpw a-Zy-°p-∏n-bpw I-s≠-Øn. kp¬-Øm≥ _tØ-cn t]m-en-kv Xp-S¿-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p. th-c\v `m-cy-bpw aq-∂p a-°-fp-ap-≠v.

H-gp-¡nÂ-s¸-« A-[ym-]-I-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw I-s−-¯n

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: ]p-g-bn¬ H-gp-°n¬-s∏-´p Im-WmXm-b A-[ym-]-I-s‚ ar-XtZ-lw I-s≠-Øn. I-gn™-Zn-h-kw ]m-e-Øn߬ Np-g-en-∏p-g-bn¬ Ipfn-°m-\n-d-ßn Im-Wm-Xmb ]p-Ø≥-]o-Sn-I I-f-cn°¬ ho-´n-se dn-´. k-_v C≥-kv-s]-Œ¿ A-en-l-ks‚ a-I≥ A-Po-jn(28)s‚ ar-X-tZ-l-am-Wv C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. Im-Wm-Xmb-Xp- ap-X¬ \m-´p-Im-cpw A-·n-i-a-\tk-\-bpw tIm-kv-‰v Km-¿-Upw Xn-c-®n¬ \-S-Øn-bncp-s∂-¶n-epw I-s≠-Øn-bn-cp-∂n-√. Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-® ar-X-tZ-lw t]mkv-‰v-tam-¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw J-_-d-S-°n. B-bn-im-_nbm-Wv am-Xm-hv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-\o-jv, A-ao-jv, \-kn-b.

P-hm³ Kp-P-dm-¯n-se tPm-en-Ø-e-¯v a-cn-¨p

t]-cm-{º: Nm-en-°-c kztZ-in-bm-b P-hm≥ Kp-P-dmØn-se tPm-en-ÿ-e-Øv a-cn-®-Xm-bn _-‘p-°ƒ°p hn-h-cw e-`n-®p. dn-´. F.F-kv.sF. ]n-em-°p∂-Øv C-{_m-lo-an-s‚ aI≥ \u-^¬ (24) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. \m-e-c-h¿-j-am-bn ssk-\y-Øn-ep-≈ \u-^¬ aq-∂p-am-kw ap-ºm-Wv A-h-[n-I-gn-™v t]m-b-Xv. Xn-¶-fm-gv-N cm-{Xn G-gn-\v ho-´n-te-°v t^m¨ sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 8.30\m-Wv a-c-Ww-hn-h-cw t^mWn¬ _-‘p-°-sf A-dn-bn-®-Xv. a-øn-Øv C-∂v sshIo-t´m-sS ho-´n-se-Øn-°pw. J-_-d-S-°w s\m-®m-Sv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. am-Xm-hv: ^m-Xzn-a. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \m-k¿ (ssk-\n-I≥, B-kmw), Pm^¿ (J-Ø¿), P-^o-\.

t]m-en-kv I-ÌUn-bn-se-Sp-¯bmÄ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn a-cn-¨p

]p-\-eq¿: t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Ø a-[y-h-bkv-I≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ a-cn-®p. I-c-hm-fq¿ am-{X sh\n-tb¬ lu-kn¬ A-e-Iv-kv (42) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw ssh-Io-´v I-c-hm-fq-cn¬ a-Zy-]n®v {]-iv-\-ß-fp-≠m-°n-b-Xn-\m-Wv C-bm-sf I-Ã-Unbn-se-Sp-Ø-Xv. kv-t‰-j-\n¬ sIm-≠p-h-∂-t∏mƒ Xf¿-® A-\p-`-h-s∏-´-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v Xm-eq-°v B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-°p-I-bm-b-n-cp-∂p. Nn-In-¬-kbn-en-cn-s°-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. a-Zy-]m-\w \n¿-Øm-\p-≈ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp∂ C-bmƒ ho-≠pw a-Zy-]n-®-t∏mƒ ssh-d¬-∏-\nbpw X-f¿-®-bpw D-≠m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. lr-Z-bm-LmX-am-Wv a-c-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂v tUm-Œ¿-am¿ ]-d-™p. I-c-hm-fq-cn¬ Hm-t´m-dn-£m sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-am-bn hm-t°-‰-hpw kw-L¿-j-hp-ap-≠m-°n-b-t∏m-gm-Wv Ikv-‰-Sn-se-Sp-Ø-sX-∂v ]p-\-eq¿ t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p.

X-«n-¸ptI-kn-se {]-XnXq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

tIm-´-bw: ap-°p-]-≠w ]-W-b-s∏-Sp-Øn X-´n-∏p \-SØm≥ {i-an-® tI-kn-se {]-Xn-sb Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn. X-an-gv-\m-Sv Un-≠n-K¬ Im-Wm-hmbn¬-s∏-´n kz-tZ-in i-in-Ip-am¿ (27) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. bq-\n-b≥ ¢-∫n-\p k-ao-]w C-bmƒ hm-S-I-bv-°p Xma-kn-°p-∂ ap-dn-bn¬ C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11\m-Wv ar-XtZ-lw I-≠-Xv. sh-Ãv t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn kzo-Icn-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw _‘p-°ƒ- G-‰p-hm-ßn. t_-°¿ P-Mv-j-\n¬ {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ kn-‰n bq\n-b≥ _m-¶n¬ I-gn-™ _p-[-\m-gv-N-bm-Wv Cbmƒ am-e-bpw h-f-bpw H-cp tPm-Un I-Ω-epw ]-Wbw h-bv-°m≥ sIm-≠p-h-∂-Xv. X-an-gv-\m-Sv Xn-cp-∏q¿ kz-tZ-in Z-fi-]m-Wn(27)bpw H-∏-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ap-°p-]-≠-am-sW-∂-dn-™-tXm-sS C-cp-h-sc-bpw t]m-en-kv A-d-Ãv sN-b-vXn-cp-∂p. ]n-∂o-Sv Pm-ay-Ønen-d-ßn. ]-Ww ]-en-i-bv-°p sIm-Sp-°p-∂ B-fm-Wp i-inIp-am¿. ]n-cn-hn-\p- t]m-b-t∏mƒ B-fp-Iƒ X-´n-∏ns\-°p-dn-®p tNm-Zn-®-Xn-ep-≈ a-t\m-hn-j-a-am-hmw ac-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. sh-Ãv t]m-enkv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

F ^n-tdm-kv ssl-t¡m-S-Xn-bn ssI-¯-dn-: tI-{µ-\-S-]-Sn{]-Xn-tj-[mÀ-lw-þ ]n-W-dm-bn ho-−pw Pm-aym-t]-£ \Â-In sIm-®n: F.Un._n hm-bv] - m X-´n∏p-tI-kn¬ ]n.B¿.Un ap≥ Ub-dŒ - ¿ F ^n-tdm-kv ssl-t°mS-Xn-bn¬ ho-≠pw Pm-aym-t]-£ \¬-In. A-dà - n-em-bn 48 Zn-hk - w I-gn-™n-´pw Ip-‰-]-{Xw k-a¿-∏n°m-Ø km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ Pmayw A-\p-h-Zn-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏-´m-Wv A-t]-£. l-c-Pn ]-cnK-Wn-® P-Ãn-kv F-kv F-kv kXo-i-N-{μ≥ hm-Zw ]q¿-Øn-bm°n hn-[n ]-db - m≥ am-‰n. F.Un._n hm-bv-] kw-L-Sn∏n-®p-\¬-Im-sa-∂p hm-Kv-Zm-\w \¬-In k-enw F-∂ hy-‡nbn¬ \n-∂p 2009¬ 40.20 e-£w X-´n-sb-Sp-Ø-Xn-\m-Wv ^n-tdmkn-s\-bpw k-cn-Xs - b-bpw _n-Pp-

hn-s\-bpw {]-Xn-bm-°n Xn-cp-h\ - ¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Ø-Xv. F.Un._n D-tZym-K-ÿ-\m-bn _n-Pp-hpw Nm¿-t´-Uv A-°u≠‚m-bn k-cn-X-bpw ^n-tdm-kv F.Un._n \-b -D-]-tZ-i-I-\mbpw N-a-™v X-´n-∏p-\-S-Øn-sb∂m-Wv tI-kv. {]-Xn-^-e-am-bn A-©p-e-£w cq-]-bpw tam-Xn-chpw lyq-≠m-bv Im-dpw ^n-tdm-kv ssI-∏‰ - nbncp∂p. F-∂m¬, \n-c] - c - m-[n-bm-sW∂v Nq-≠n-°m-´n-bm-Wv ^n-tdm-kv Pm-aym-t]-£ \¬-In-b-Xv. 2010¬ _n-Pp-hn-s\-bpw k-cn-Xsb-bpw A-dà - v sN-øp-tºmƒ- Xs‚ sam-gnbpw A-t\z-j-W kw-

Lw tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xm-sW∂pw k-cn-Xb - pw _n-Pp-hpw h-©n°p-I-bm-bn-cp-s∂-∂pw A-t]£-bn¬ ^n-tdm-kv ]-db - p-∂p. ^ntdmkv ssl-t°m-S-Xnbn¬ k-a¿-]n-® Pm-aym-t]-£ t\-c-tØ X-≈n-bn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿∂m-Wv I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw ho≠pw A-t]-£n-®-Xv. C-Xn-\n-sS tk-fm¿ tI-kn-se H-∂mw {]-Xn _n-Pp cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥ B-Zy-`mcy-sb sIm-∂-tI-kn¬ \¬-Inb Pm-aym-t]-£ P-kv-‰n-kv F-kv F-kv k-Xo-i-N-{μ≥ Xn-¶-fm-gvN-tØ-°p am-‰n. tI-kn¬ D-S≥ Ip-‰-]-{Xw k-a¿-∏n-°p-sa-∂v k¿-°m¿ ssl-t°m-S-Xn-sb A-dn-bn-®p.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ssI-Ø-dn- hyh-km-b- ]-T-\-k-an-Xn-bn¬ tI-c-fØn-\v {]m-Xn-\n-[yw \¬-Im-ØtI-{μ-k¿-°m¿- \-S-]-Sn- {]-Xn-tj[m¿-l-am-sW-∂v- kn-.]n.-Fw- kwÿm-\- sk-{I-´-dn- ]n-W-dm-bn- hnP-b-≥.- ssI-Ø-dn- hy-h-km-bsØ- ]p-\-cp-≤-cn-°m-\pw- kw-c£n-°m-\p-am-bn- tI-{μ- sS-Ivssì- a-{¥m-e-bw- cq-]o-I-cn-®]-T-\-k-an-Xn-bn¬- tI-c-fw- H-gn-sIbp-≈- F-´p kw-ÿm-\-ß-fn-sesS-Iv-ssì- lm-≥-Uv-eqw- U-b-dŒ¿-am-sc- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠-v.F-∂m¬,- H-t∂-Im¬- e-£-Øn-e[n-Iw- sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS- Po-hnXm-{i-b-am-b- tI-c-f-Øn-se- ssIØ-dn- ta-J-e-tbm-Sp- Im-´n-b- A-hK-W-\-bm-Wv- k-an-Xn-bn¬- tI-c-f-

Øn-\v- {]m-Xn-\n-[yw- \¬-Im-Xn-cp∂-sX-∂v ]n-W-dm-bn hm¿-Øm°p-dn-∏n¬ Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øn.kw-ÿm-\-sØ- ssI-Ø-dn-taJ-e- {]-Xn-k-‘n-bn-epw- X-I¿-®bn-ep-am-Wv.- ssI-Ø-dn- kw-L-ßfp-sS- I-Sw- F-gp-Xn-Ø-≈p-∂-Xn-\vtI-{μ- _-P-‰n¬- 2010¬- {]-Jym-]n®- 3884 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS- B-izmk-\-S-]-Sn- C-Xp-h-sc- ]q¿-Øn-bm°n-bn-´n-√.- 785 kw-L-߃- c-Pnÿ- sN-bv-Xn-´p-≈- C-hn-sS- 124 kwL-߃-°p- am-{X-ta- C-Xp-h-sck-lm-b-[-\w- \¬-In-bn-´p-≈q.tI-c-f-Øn-se- ssI-Ø-dn- hy-hkm-b-sØ- kw-c-£n-°m-≥ {]tXy-I- \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ- tI-{μ-k¿°m¿- kzo-I-cn-°-W-sa-∂pw- ]nW-dm-bn- B-h-iy-s∏-´p.

Un.ssh.-F-^v.sF. {]-hÀ-¯-I-s\ aÀ-±n-¨ F-kv.sF¡v kkvs]³j³ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap-Jy-a{¥n-°pw a-{¥n sI ]n taml-\-\p-sa-Xn-tc {]-Xn-tj-[n®- Un.ssh.-F-^v.sF {]h¿-Ø-I-s\ a¿-±n-® Fkv.F-.sb k-kv-s]-≥-Uv sNbv-Xp. ]q-¥p-d t]m-en-kv kv-t‰j-\n-se t{K-Uv F-kv.sF hn-P-b-Zm-kn-s\-bm-Wv k-kvs]≥-Uv sN-bv-X-Xv. kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v At\z-jn-® kv-s]-jy¬ {_m©v Un-ssh.F-kv.]n-bp-sS dn-t]m¿-´n-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-em-Wv \-S-]-Sn.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

5 k-]v-Xw-_¿ 2013 hymgw

AÚmXarX-tZlw Xncn-¨-dn-ªp

c-ho-{µ³ \mbÀ

apc-fo-[-c³

kne-tam³

X-¦-½

kp-Ip-am-c³

I-eym-Wn

N-{µ-ti-J-c³ \m-bÀ

Zm-tam-Z-c-¸-Wn-¡À

Xn-cph√: s]m-Sn-bm-Sn Xm-gv-N-bn¬ ]p-Ø≥-]p-cbn¬ Sn hn c-ho-{μ≥ \mb¿ (68). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬. s]m-Sn-bm-Sn aw-K-tfmZ-bw bp.]n kvIqƒ dn-´. Po-h-\-°m-c\mWv. `m-cy: \-μn-\n-°p´n-b-Ω. a°ƒ: P-b-Ipam¿, kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, cmtP-jv-Ip-am¿, cm-Po-hvIpam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tPymXn, k-Xo-tZ-hn.

tN¿Øe : hb-em¿ ]©m-bØv H∂mw hm¿Uv ssIX-°m´v ho´n¬ ]tc-X-\mb {]`m-I-c≥ \mb-cpsS aI≥ sI ]n apc-fo-[-c≥ (51, F-kv.sF. amcm-cn°pfw t]menkv tÃj≥). `mcy: h¬ke. a°ƒ : APbv apc-fo[-c≥ (-hn-jvWp),-A-PnXv apc-fo-[-c≥ (-hn-\p).

tN¿Øe : Xgp∏v X´p¶¬ kne-tam≥ (84-˛hmh-®≥). kwkvImcw \msf sshIp-t∂cw aq∂n\v sk‚ v tPmk^v ]≈n-bn¬. `mcy : Iº°m-c≥ ho´n¬ tdmk°p-´n. a°ƒ : AΩn-Wn,kn-ÿ tamfn(-C-‰-en),_m-_p(-tI-c-ss^-_¿ sSIvkv,- Im-°-\m-Sv),B≥k¨(-tam-Wm¿°v F≥Pn-\o-b-dnMv,-sIm®n), -a-cp-a-°ƒ : _o\ _m_p (F¬-.sF-.kn),Bi B≥k¨,-]-tc-X\mb tPm¿÷v awKeØv

tN¿Øe : IS-°-c∏≈n ]©m-bØv aq∂mw hm¿Uv X¶n Ipcn-ip-¶¬ ]tc-X-\mb inh-cm-as‚ `mcy X¶Ω (92). kwkvImcw \SØn. a°ƒ : Ipkp-amw_n-I,tZh-cm-P≥,- D-a-bΩ,- im-¥n-\n,-A-timI≥,-i-in,-P-b-tZ-h≥,_nPn,-]-tc-X-\mb taml-\≥. acp-a-°ƒ : cma-Zm-kv,-ar-Zp-e,-c-ho{μ≥,-kp-Ip-am-c≥,-tKm]n,-A-\n-X,-X¶Ω,- D-j,]-tc-X-\mb kn±m¿∞≥.

apl-Ω: \m-ep Ipf-ß-c I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬ Pn kpIp-am-c≥ (92). `mcy: sI F-kv eo-e. a°ƒ: F-kv _o-\, sI F-kv D-j, sI F-kv tPmfn, sI F-kv P-b, sI F-kv an\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: tUm. H F k-Xy-c-Xv\w, Un sI kXoi≥, Un I-\-Imw_c≥, sI Pn t{]wem¬, kn kp-tc-jv.

X-º-e-°m-Sv: I-f-Øn-∏-dºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI sI Ip-am-c-s‚ `m-cy Ieym-Wn (81). kw-kv-Imcw \-S-Øn. sN-dp-h-≈n ]p-d-°p-t∂¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: X-¶-∏≥, i-in-[c≥, im-c-Z, c-a-Wn iym-af, tam-l-\≥, ]-tc-X-\mb A-Pp-°p-´n. a-cp-a°ƒ: X-¶-®≥, cm-[m-aWn, Hm-a-\-°p-´n, i-in, s_-∂n, cm-Pp, kp-\n-e.

sN-dp-h-≈n: Im-cpw-Xm-\Øv sI F≥ N-{μ-ti-Jc≥ \m-b¿ (68). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v aq∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: C-μn-cm-tZ-hn ]m-ºmSn h-b-ep-¶¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: l-cn, t{]-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-anX, hn-P-bv-Ip-am¿ ( _mw•q¿).

ssk-a¬

t_m-hn-°m-\w: _m-hn°-c ]-tc-X-cm-b Ip™m-a-Zn-s‚-bpw _o^m-Øn-a-bp-sS-bpw aI≥ A-_v-Zp-√ (55). `mcy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: kmPn-Z, an-kv-cn-b, \-ko-d, dm-jn-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Aj-d-^v, A-l-Ω-Zv. ktlm-Z-c-߃: a-dn-b, Bbn-i, sam-bv-Xp, A-_q_-°¿, A-_v-Zp¬ d-lvam≥, A-_v-Zp-¬ Jm-Z¿.

X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv: dn-´. anen-{Sn D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ {]Im-iv `-h-\n¬ sI Zmtam-Z-c-∏-Wn-°¿ (98). `mcy: h-S-bm¿ Xp-cp-tج Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw sN-√-Ω. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv °v 12\v Xr-∏q-Wn-Øp-d ssh-Zyp-Xn iv-a-im-\Øn¬ \-S-°pw. a-°ƒ: P-b-{]-Im-iv ( ]n. U-ªyp.Un.dn-´. F-Iv-knIyq-´n-hv F≥-Pn-\o-b¿), Ko-X, tim-`, kp-[, {]-`. ]-tc-X-bm-b {]-k-∂. acp-a-°ƒ: tim-`m-dm-Wn, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, Ip-™®≥, tam-l-\≥, kp-tc{μ≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b in-hZm-kv.

hm-kp-tZ-h³ ]nÅ Nm-cpw-aqSv: dn-´. kp-t_Zm¿ ta-P¿ Xm-a-c-°p-fw B-in¿-hm-Zn¬ (N-°m-ebn¬) hm-kp-tZ-h≥-]n≈ (74). `mcy: c-am-tZhn. a°ƒ: A-PnØv (hn-ap‡ `-S≥), A-izXn, Bi, a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-P, _me-N-{μ≥ ]n≈, (hn-ap‡ `-S≥), {io-Ip-am¿.

I-eym-Wn Ip-‰ym-Sn: I-c-tßm-Sv ]tc-X-\m-b ]p-Xn-tbm-´pws]m-bn¬ Nm-Øp-hn-s‚ `m-cy I-eym-Wn (85).

tXmakv amXyp tImg-t©cn : Abncq¿ sNdptIm¬∏pg apt≠mSØn¬ F¬sFkn sNss∂ Unhn j≥ dn´. AUvan\n kvt{S‰ohv Hm^nk¿ tXmakv amXyp (aØm bn®≥˛87 ). kwkvImcw C∂v cmhnse 11 \v `h\ Ønse ip{iqjbv°v tijw Abncq¿ skln tbm≥ am¿tØmΩm ]≈nbn¬ \S°pw. ]tcX≥ ]mdta¬ IpSpw_mwKamWv. ktlmZc߃ Ip™p tam≥, tXmbΩ, ]tcXcmb GenIp´n, sIm®padnbmΩ.

tIm-´-bw: H-f-» I-cnºn¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb eq-t°m-kn-s‚ a-I≥ sI F¬ ssk-a¨ (60). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf aq∂n-\v H-f-i sk‚ v B‚-Wo-kv ]-≈n-bn-epw \-S-Øpw. `m-cy ta-cn ssk-a¨(am¥p-cp-Øn-bn¬, ssI-∏pg). a-I≥: e-√p ep-t°mkv(\yq-kn-em‚ v) .

A-_v-Zp-Ã

_m-e-Ir-jv-W-]nÅ XIgn: tIf-aw-Kew B™n-en-th-en¬ Achnμ aμn-c-Øn¬ ]tc-X\mb F.-sI.-_m-e-IrjvW-]n-≈-bpsS aI≥ _n.-in-h-i-¶-c-]n≈ (61). kwkvImcw sh≈nbmgvN D®bv°v aq∂n\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬. AΩ: F¬ cm-P-Ω. `mcy: kXy-Ip-amcn (Fkv_n-sF, Ff-a-°c, sIm®n). a°ƒ: A\o-jvIp-am¿, APo-jvIp-am¿ (Ccphcpw apwss_). acp-a-Iƒ: in¬] (Zp_mbv).

Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv hn-f-bq¿: hn-f-bq¿ h-enb-]-d-ºn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´nbpsS ap-I≥ Ip-™pap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ip-™m∏ (40). \-S-°m-hv kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn-¬ Nn-In-¬kbn-em-bn-cp-∂p. Fkv.Un.]n.sF.bp-sS kPo-h {]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-bncp-∂p. `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: jn-_n-e, j-^o\, ap-l-Ω-Zv kn-\m≥. am-Xm-hv: _o-hn. k-tlmZ-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Z-en (Pn-±), A-jv-d-^v.

Ip-ªn-¡-®³ sNm-¢n: dn-´. t]m-en-kv sl-Uv tIm¨-Ã-_n-ƒ ta-\-{]w B-jm \n-e-bØn¬ ]n Ip-™n-°Æ≥ (75). F-kv.F≥.Un.]n tbm-Kw Cu-Ãv ta\-{]w im-Jm sk-{I-´-dnbm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: B¿ Fw k-tcm-Pn-\n. a-°ƒ: Bj, A-`n-em-jv. a-cp-a-I≥: k-t¥m-jv (sl-Uv tIm¨-kv-‰-_nƒ).

cm-[ I-b-dm-Sn: ]-ø-t¶m-Sv ]tc-X-\m-b c-hn-bp-sS `mcy cm-[ (60). a-Iƒ: kvt\-l-P.

I-eym-Wn ]-ø-∂q¿: sh-t≈m-d-bnse ]-tc-X-\m-b hn ]n Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy sN¥-e ]p-Xn-b-ho-´n¬ Ieym-Wn (86). a-Iƒ: Im¿-Xym-b-\n. k-tlm-Zc-߃: Pm-\-In, Ip™n-°-Æ≥, ]m¿-h-Xn, \m-cm-b-Wn, ]-tc-X-bmb X-ºm-bn.

FSXz: FSXz ]≈n IS-hn¬ I≠ A⁄mX arXtZlw Xncn-®-dn-™p. sIm´m-c-°c ssaew ]©mbØv 13-mw hm¿Uv ]≈n-°¬ Ic-bn¬ knbmZv a≥kn¬ C{_mlnw Ip´n (55) BWv acn®Xv. tlm´¬ sXmgn-em-fn-bmb Cbmƒ H∂-c-amkw ap≥]v ho´n¬ \n∂v t]mb-Xmbncp-∂p. CS-bv°nsS ho´n¬ \n∂p amdn \n¬°p∂ kz`m-h-ap-≈-Xn\memWv Xnc-°m-Xn-cp-∂-sX-∂mWv ho´p-Im¿ ]dbp-∂-Xv. sNmΔmgvN D®-I-gn™v aq∂v aWn-tbmsSbmWv ]≈n IS-hn¬ \n∂p arX-tZlw Is≠Ønb-Xv. C∂se ]{X-Øn¬ h∂ hm¿Ø I≠v _‘pI-sfØn Xncn-®-dn-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy Aan-Xm_o-hn. a°ƒ. sj_o-\, knbm-Zv. acp-a-°ƒ. jnPp, s\kn-b.

In-WÀ hr-¯n-bm-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-sS sXm-gn-em-fn In-W-än ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

I-Sp-Øp-cp-Øn: In-W¿ hr-Øn-bm-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS sXm-gn-em-fn In-W-‰n¬ ho-Wv a-cn-®p. I-√-d D-Wn-®n]-d-ºn¬ A-∏p-°p-´≥ (58) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v B-tdm-sS I-√-d N-¥-°-h-ebv-°p k-ao-]-ap-≈ kz-Im-cyhy-‡n-bp-sS In-W¿ hrØn-bm-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. In-W-‰n¬ ho-W A-∏p-°p-´-s\ ]p-d-sØ-Sp-°m-\m-bn k-ao-]hm-kn-Iƒ In-W-‰n-en-d-ßn-sb-¶n-epw I-gn-™n-√. ]n∂o-Sv I-Sp-Øp-cp-Øn-bn¬ \n-s∂-Øn-b ^-b¿-t^mgv-kv kw-L-w A-∏p-°p-´-s\ ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Øv tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶nepw a-c-W-s∏-´n-cp-∂p.kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v. `m-cy im¥-Ω. a-°ƒ. {]-im-¥v, {]-tim-`v, {]-ho¨. a-cp-aIƒ. A-ºn-fn.

sX§p-I-bä sXm-gn-em-fn a-c-¯n \n-¶v ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

tIm-´-bw: sXßp-I-b‰ sXm-gn-em-fn a-c-Øn¬ \n-∂v ho-Wp a-cn®p. In-fn-cq¿ Xr-°m¿-Øn-I-bn¬ Hm-a-\°p-´≥ (52) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C∂-se cm-hn-se G-gn\v Im-™n-cw ]p-Xn-bm-Øv a-cw I-b-dp-∂-Xn-\n-sS hoW Hm-a-\-°p´-s\ D-S≥ sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶nepw ssh-Iot´m-sS a-cn®p. kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]pc-sØ ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `m-cy : c-aWn, A-Jn-te-jv , AJne .

t]m-en-kv I-ÌUn-bn-se-Sp-¯bmÄ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn a-cn-¨p tdm-k-½ tPm-k-^v

sj-_n³

tPm-k-^v hÀ-Ko-kv

tim-im-½

Ip-ªn-s¡m¨v

kqk³

k-Zm-\-µ³

^n-en-¸v

ssh-°w: Xp-cp-Øn-°-c Ip-cy≥ tPm-k-^n-s‚ `mcy tdm-k-Ω tPm-k-^v. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v sshIo-´v \m-en-\v ssh-°wsk‚ v tPm-k-^v s^mtdm-\-]-≈n-bn¬. ]-tc-X Rm-d-bv-°¬ I-Æ-ºp-g Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: adn-b-Ω, t{X-ky-m-Ω, s]Æ-Ω, do-\, Ip-cy-®≥, amØ-®≥, ]m-∏-®≥ ( F√m-h-cpw bp.F-kv.F). acp-a-°ƒ: tPm-kv am-fntb-°¬, dm-t^¬ Np-¶Øv, Ão-^≥ Xp-f-h-Øv, eu-en ]-≈n-hm-Xp-°¬, Szn-¶nƒ ]p-Ø≥-]-dºn¬, a-√n I-Æm-bn, B‚-Wn (F-√m-h-cpw bp.F-kv.F).

\m-ep-tIm-Sn: \-√q¿ Nmt°m tk-hy-dn-s‚ a-I≥ sj-_n≥ (22). kw-kv-Imcw \m-sf D-®bv-°v c-≠n\v \m-ep-tIm-Sn sk‚ v tXm-a-kv ]-≈n-bn¬. amXm-hv t{K-kn-°p-´n. ktlm-Z-c-߃: sj-dn≥, jn‚ v, jn‚n.

ap-´m¿: sIm-®p-ho-´n¬ tPm-k^v h¿-Ko-kv ( Hu-tk-∏-®≥ ˛70). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf ap-´m¿ sk‚ v tPm-k-^v ]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: F¬-k-Ω am-S-∏-≈n s\-®p-Im-´p-Imem-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: Pn≥-kp-tamƒ (cm-P-ÿm≥), Pn≥-k¨ (U¬-ln), P-bv-Pn≥ ( jm¿-P). a-cp-a-°ƒ: tPmWn (cm-P-ÿm≥).

ap-°q-´p-X-d : C-S-I-S-Øn N-°m-e-bv-°¬ kn kn am-Xyp-hn-s‚ (sIm-®psIm-®v) `m-cy tim-im-Ω (74) kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf 1.30\v X-e-bn-W-Ø-Sw sk‚ v ta-co-kv Hm¿-ØtUm-Iv-kv ]-≈n-bn¬. ]tc-X dm-∂n sX-ßpw-tXm´-Øn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ : tPm-bn, _m-_p, jm-Pn, km-e-Ω, jn-_p, sIm-®p-tamƒ, k-en, an\n, A-iz-Xn, tkm-Wn. acp-a-°ƒ : tZ-h-kym-®≥ ]p-fn-bv-°¬ sIm-c-´n, tPm¨-k¨ Ip-t∂¬ A-W-°-c, cm-Po-hv Nn-dbv-°¬ I-W-a-e, _nt\m-bn ssI-X-bv-°¬ am-\-¥-hm-Sn, F¬-k-Ω, A-®m-Ω.

I-Sp-ß√q¿:I-Wn-bmwIp-∂v N-ß-Wn-t°mSØv ]-tc-X\m-b _m-h aI≥ Ip-™n-s°m-®v(82). J-_-dS-°w C-∂p D-®-°v 12\p tXm-´-°-´p-I-c Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬. a-°ƒ:_-jo¿, kn±nJv, ap-lΩ-Zv(aq-hcpw A¬kp-ssh-Zn Iº-\n ku-Zn), j-ao¿(sIm-dnb¿ k¿-Δo-kv), Xm-lnd,B-cn-^, jw-e. a-cp-a°ƒ:k-enw, C{_mlnw(ku-Zn), aplΩ-Zv \mk¿, dknb,ssa-aq-\, apwXmkv, A-\o-j.

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: I-Sa-‰w Rm-fnb-Øv(Xm-g-h\)ho-´n¬ sP-bnw-kn-s‚ `m-cy kq-k≥(57). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D®°p 2\p I-Sa-‰w sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv -]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ:B-jv-en,A-cp¨. a-cp-a-°ƒ:ap-∂ t_kn¬,cmJn.

Ip-a-c-Iw: B-im-cn-t»-cn `m-K-Øv sX-s°-ap-Øpt»-cn¬ k-Zm-\-μ≥ (62). `m-cy: tam-fn Ip-a-c-Iw ]pØ≥-®n-d Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: kp-K-‘n, P-b¥n, km-P≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ss_-Pp, _n\p, kp-\-P. -kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 9 \v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬.

D-½p-IpÂ-kp

e-£v-an-b-½

Ip-a-c-Iw: sX-t°-S-Øv I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬ sI ]n ^n-en-∏v (Ip-™v 66). `mcy: tim-im-Ω ^n-en-∏v th-fq¿ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a-°ƒ: F-_n ^n-en∏v _mw-•q¿, _-®≥ ^nen-∏v (ap-Øq-‰v {Kq-∏v), kntPm ^n-en-∏v (Im¿-tKm F-an-t{K-j≥ Xn-cp-h-¥]p-cw). a-cp-a-Iƒ: tkm^n-b F-_n. -kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v 2\v Ip-a-c-Iw B‰m-aw-K-ew ]-≈n-bn¬

N-{µ³

X-Æo¿-t°m-Sv: s]-cp-aÆq¿ ]-tc-X-\m-b h-enb-h-f-∏n¬ tN-°p-hn-s‚ `m-cy ]m-Øp-Æn (70). a°ƒ: lw-k (t]m-]p-e¿ {^-≠v), A-en, A-_q-_°¿, C-kv-am-Cu¬, Ban-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-sseJ, \-_o-k, _o-hm-Øp, jm-Pn.

am-ln: ]-tc-X-cm-b sNtΩ-cn Ip-™m-∏p-˛e-£van Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ A-gn-bq¿ sN-tΩ-cn N{μ≥ (67). k-tlm-Z-c߃: c-ho-{μ≥ (dn-´. kq-{]-≠v sk-{I-t´-dn-b‰v, ]p-Xp-t®-cn), cm-tP{μ≥ (ku-Øv a-e-_m¿ {Km-ao-¨ _m-¶v, \m-Zm]p-cw tdm-Uv), kp-tc{μ≥ (sk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰v, ]p-Xp-t®-cn), i-io-{μ≥ (I-p-ssh-Øv), P-tb{μ≥ ({]n≥-kv Pz-√-dn, sN-ss∂), ]-tc-X-\m-b D-Ø-a≥. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se sN-tΩcn-bn-se X-d-hm-´p h-f∏n¬.

knÌÀ A-¶ ta-cn

enÃn

tUm. ]-Xv-a-\m-`³

Bâ-Wn

hÅn-b½

ep-Uv hnIv

h-dp-Kokv

a-dn-b-¡p«n

]m-h-d´n: h-S-°q-´v sImt´-am¿ eq-hn-kn-s‚ aIƒ kn.A-∂m-ta-cn(86) hn-P-b-hm-U-bn¬ \n-cymX-bmbn. sk‚ v B‚ v k-`mw-K-amWv. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v hn-P-bhm-U-bn¬. k-tlm-Z-c߃: t]mƒ tU-hnkv(dn-´. sd-bn¬-th DtZym-K-ÿ≥), tXmakv(dn-´. F-Iv-kn-Iyq-´n-hv F≥-Pn-\o-b¿, _n.Fkv.F≥.F¬), ]-tcXcmb tPm-k^v, tPmWn, tPm¿-÷v.

]m-h-d´n: ]p-Øq¿ sP-bv°-_n-s‚ `m-cy en√n(60). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 9.30\v ]mhd-´n sk‚ v tPm-k-^vkv Xo¿-∞ tI-{μ-Øn¬. a°ƒ: enkn, eo-\. a-cpa°ƒ: h¿-Kokv, t]mƒk-¨.

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: a-lm-cm-jv{S K-h¿-Æ¿ sI i-¶-c\m-cm-b-W-s‚ `m-cym ktlm-Z-cn `¿-Øm-hv dn-´. kn-hn¬ k¿-P-\pw, Kp-cphm-bq¿ tZ-h-kzw ap≥ No-^v sa-Un-°¬ Hm-^nk-dp-am-b tUm. ]-Xv-a-\m`≥(82) \n-cym-X-\m-bn. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v ]m-e-°m-Sv Nn-‰qcn-se ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: tUm. ]m¿-Δ-Xn(dn-´. kn-hn¬ k¿-P≥). a°ƒ: s{]m-^. \n¿-Ωe(sk‚ v tX-tc-km-kv tIm-f-Pv, F-d-Wm-Ip-fw), tUm. e-£v-ao-tZ-hn(Aar-X B-kv-]-{Xn, C-S-∏≈n), tUm. cm-Pv-taml≥(bp.sI). a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn.]n cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥(Nm¿-t´-Uv A-°u≠‚ v), hn-]n≥ tat\m≥(F-©n-\o-b¿), tUm. im-en-\n(bp.sI).

ssh∏n≥: ]\-ºp-ImSv Iq´p-¶¬ B‚Wn (84) A¥-cn-®p. `mcy : A∂ (dn-´. {][m-\m-[ym-]n-I). a-°ƒ : tagvkn, Pm≥kn, Ip™p-tam≥, jm¿e‰v, Pb. a-cp-a-°ƒ : km_p, t__n, tdmj≥, cmtP-jv. ihkw-kvImcw hymgmgvN cmhnse 10.30\v ]\-ºpImSv sk‚ v tPmk^v tZhm-eb skan-tØ-cnbn¬.

ssh-∏n-≥: \mb-c-ºew am\m-´p-]-dºv Ip∂-Øpt»cn ]tc-X-\mb Ipamcs‚ `mcy h≈n-bΩ (80). ]tcX Rmd-°¬ A©-e-t»cn IpSpw_mw-K-am-Wv. a°ƒ : _m_p, Xºn, ]tc-Xbmb KoX, jn_p, kt¥m-jv, teJ. acp-a°ƒ : ]tc-X-bmb `hm\n, {]oX, chn, emen, tcjva, kp\n¬.

s]-cn-tßmw: I-Sp-ta-\nbn-se ]n Fw A-KÃy≥ (72). `m-cy: t{Xkym-Ω. a-°ƒ: s_-∂n, tXm-a-kv, _o-\, s_-‰n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h¬-k-Ω, F¬-kn, am-Xyp, tPmjn.

aq-hm-‰p]p-g: hm-g-∏n≈n ]p-fn-t©m-Sv Im™n-c-Øpw-aq-´n¬ h¿°n h-dp-Ko-kv(88). `mcy: tim-im-Ω(h-S°-t©-cn hm-Xym-´v IpSpw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: tPmbn, A-∂-Ip´n, tacn, ]-tc-X\m-b tPm¿-Pv-Ip´n, enkn, an\n, tPm_n. a-cpa°ƒ: h¬-k, ]-tcX\m-b ]n Fw ss]en, ]-tc-X\m-b tPm¿Pv, kmen, sdPn, jmP≥, Pnj.

tIm-X-aw-Kew: `q-XØm≥-sI-´v sIm-´n-ti-cn°p-Sn-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]p-∂q-kn-s‚ `m-cy a-dnb-°p-´n(98). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p ]-Øn-\p Iocºm-d sk‚ v.sk-_mÃy≥-kv ]-≈n-bn¬. a°ƒ: am-Ø®≥, ]m∏®≥, tPm¿Pv, t__n, s]m∂-Ω, hm-h®≥, t]mƒ, X-¶-Ω, B‚Wn.

sFim_n

sIm®n: \-{k-Øv ÃmNyp P-Mv-j-\n¬ hm-SI-bv-°p Xm-a-kn-°p∂ hn sI ep-Uv hn-Iv(74). F¬.sF.kn. G-P‚mbn-cp∂p. `mcy: C-S∏-≈n ]p-Ø≥-]p-c-°¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw kqk≥. a°ƒ: a-tcn sl-e≥ sU≥ kn¬(\yq-kn-e‚ v, ap≥ s^-U-d¬ _m-¶v), B‚Wn ssP≥(Zp-_m-bv). acp-a°ƒ: sU≥-kn¬ ssK¬-Uv A-K-Ãn≥ sIm-Sp-th-en-∏-dºn¬(\yqkn-em‚ v), doP B‚-Wn ssP≥.

Ip-ªm-½

s]m-∂m-\n: ]p-g-{ºw ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-dp-]-dºn¬ sam-bv-Xo-s‚ aI≥ Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv (51). sI.F-kv.F^v.C h-fm-t©-cn {_m-©v Po-h-\-°m-c\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: In_v-Øn-b. a-°ƒ: Pnbm-Zv, k-\. k-tlm-Z-c߃: l-\o-^, A–p¬ _-jo¿ (A-_qZ-_n), B-bn-i.

]m-¯p-®n

A-½m-fp-A-½ ]-tøm-fn: ]p-d-°m-Sv ]tc-X-\m-b B-b-SpØn¬ Nm-Øp-°p-´n \mb-cp-sS `m-cy A-Ωm-fpA-Ω (93). a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥ \mb¿, A-tim-I≥, N-{μti-J-c≥ (C-cp-h-cpw hnap-‡-`-S≥-am¿). a-cp-a°ƒ: Hm-a-\, Kn-cn-P, Dj. k-©-b-\w sh≈nbmgvN.

bm-¡q-_v lm-Pn ]-ø-∂q¿: No-ta-\n-bnse {]-ap-J hym-]m-cnbpw sh-≈q¿ ap-kv-enw P-am-A-Øv sk-{I-´-dnbp-am-b aq-∏‚-I-Øv bm°q-_v lm-Pn (70). `mcy: k-^n-b. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Z-en (ku-Zn), A-–p-¬ -kemw, jm-°n-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: l-^v-k-Øv, a-ldq-^v, iw-kp-±o≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ssl-Z¿, bq-kp-^v, ssk-\-_, adn-bp-Ω. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v sh-≈q¿ Pp-am-A-Øv ]-≈n J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

A-ÐpÂ-Jm-ZÀ lm-Pn sN-¶-f: ]-g-b-Im-e apkvenw eo-Kv t\-Xm-hv sN-¶-f \m-emw ssa-enen-se kn Fw A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿ lm-Pn (85). sN-¶f am-c Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚m-bncp-∂p. `m-cy-am¿: Bbni, ]-tc-X-bm-b a-dnbw-_n a-Sn-ss°. a-°ƒ: A-–p-√, sam-bv-Xo≥, apl-Ω-Zv, A-–p¿-dlvam≥, _o-^m-Øn-a, J-Zo-P, ssa-aq-\, \-^ok, ssJ-dp-∂n-k, kp-lvd, B-kn-b, \-ko-a, Akv-a.

hn-em-kn-\n sNm-¢n: ta-\-{]w B≠n-∏o-Sn-I-bn-se s\-√n°-≠n-bn¬ hn-em-kn-\n (61).

A-©mw a-{´n-Øm-\-¯n-\p k-ap-Zm-bw \Â-tI-−n-h-¶ hn-e-bm-Wv `-h-\-]-²-Xn A-«n-a-dn: ]n Sn F d-low Fw.FÂ.F. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap-kv-enw- eoKn-s‚ A-©mw-a-{¥n ÿm-\Øn-\v k-ap-Zm-bw \¬-tI-≠n-h∂ hn-e-bm-Wv C-μn-cm B-hm-kv tbm-P-\-bn-se \yq-\-]-£ hnln-Xw sh-´n-°p-d-® \-S-]-Sn-sb∂v ]n Sn F d-low Fw.F¬.F. \yq-\-]-£- `-h-\-]-≤-Xn A-´n-adn-s°-Xn-tc tkm-fn-Um-cn-‰n kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n kw-L-Sn-∏n-® sk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰v am¿-®v D-Zv-Lm-S\w sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±lw. tI-{μ-]-≤-Xn-bp-sS \yq-\]-£ Kp-W-t`m-‡r-hn-ln-X-amb 47 i-X-am-\w tI-c-f-Øn¬ 15 i-X-am-\-am-bn am-‰w-h-cp-Øp-∂Xn-\v \ym-bo-I-c-W-an-√. a-‰p-]-e ]-≤-Xn-I-fpw \-S-∏m-°p-∂-Xn-\v X-S- w ]-d-bp-∂-Xv tI-{μ-\n-e-

]m-Sp-I-sf-bm-Wv. F-∂m¬, Chn-sS \yq-\-]-£m-\p-Iq-e-am-b tI-{μ-\n-e-]m-Sv tI-c-fw A-´n-adn-°p-I-bm-sW-∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d-™p. tkm-fn-Um-cn-‰n kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚ v Sn ap-l-Ω-Zv th-fw, ]m-f-bw C-amw P-am-ep-±o-≥ a-¶S, sF.F≥.F¬ kw-ÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn Fw Fw am-ln≥, sh¬-s^-b¿ ]m¿-´n kw-ÿm\ P-\-d-¬ sk-{I-´-dn sI Aw_p-Pm-£≥, P-am-A-sØ C-kvem-an ta-J-em -\m-knw ]n ]n A–p¿-d-lv-am≥, kzm-an hn-iz-`-{Zm\-μ i-‡n-t_m-[n, Fw.C.Fkv kw-ÿm-\ P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´dn ]n H sP e-∫, A-Uz. sI ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv kw-km-cn-®p.

ap-Xp-h-S-Øq¿: Im-t\mØv Ip-™-_v-Zp-√ I-∏pd-Øv (65). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-I≥ Ip™-Ω-Zv (J-Ø¿). a-cp-aIƒ: l-ko-\. k-tlm-Zc-߃: ssk-\-_, lmjnw.

ap-g-∏n-e-ßm-Sv: Ip-fw _o-®v tdm-Uv sd-bn¬th tK-‰n-\v k-ao-]w ko]n≥ lu-kn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-≈n-°¬ a-Ωplm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy No°n-tem-S≥ ]p-Xn-b ho´n¬ B-bn-i (86). a°ƒ: i-co-^, sam-bvXo≥ Ip-´n, Iu-e-Øv, apkv-X-^, k-^n-b, ]-tcX-\m-b a-Ωq-´n.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: ]-tc-X-\mb tIm-tf-Øv Ip-™–p-√-bp-sS `m-cy X-¶bw Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]{Xn°p kao-]sØ hn ]n D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp (93). a-°ƒ: _o-^m-Øn-a, A-–p¿-d-lv-am≥, J-ZoP, ap-l-Ω-Zv J-Zo-P (Zp_-bv), bq-k-^v (Ip-a-cIw). a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Z-en, \-^o-k, i-co-^, ]-tcX-\m-b, ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip™n-lm-Pn, k-_q-d. k-tlm-Z-c≥: ]-tc-X-\mb A-–p¬ -I-cow lmPn.

cm-P-]p-cw: sam-tbm-ew sX-ø-Øn-¶m-hn-se ]pXn-bm-d-º-Øn e-£v-an-bΩ (94). a-°ƒ: I-cp-WmI-c≥, b-tim-Z, X-ºm≥, `m-kv-I-c≥, \m-cm-bW≥, `m-\p-a-Xn, k-c-k-zXn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bWn, Ip-™-n-°-Æ≥, Xºm-bn, Hm-a-\, X-¶-aWn, kp-a-Xn, cm-L-h≥, Ip-™n-°-Æ≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: I-e-ymWn, am-[-hn, C-μn-c, ]tc-X-cm-b ]p-Xn-bm-d-ºØv tI-fp, am-Wn-°w, tIm-a≥, tKm-hn-μ≥, Pm\-In, X-ºm-bn.

Ip-ª-_v-Zp-Ã I-¸p-d-¯v

Imk¿-tImUv: apkv enweoKv kwÿm\ sshkv {]-kn-U‚pw knUvtIm sNb¿am\pam-b kn Sn AlΩZenbpsS `mcy DΩmenΩbpsS amXmhv kn Sn sFim_n (90). `¿Ømhv: ]tcX\mb A∫mkvIp´n. a‰pa°ƒ: ]tcXcmb ssZ\_n, A–p¬ JmZ¿, sambvXo≥Ip™n.

B-bn-i

A-K-Ìy³

am-XypF-S-°-c: Nm-Øw-ap-≠ kp¬-Øm≥-]-Sn-bn-se aw-K-e-Øv ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ am-Xyp (80). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b tacn.

B-\-°-c: Nm-en-t»-cn sN-dp-h-Øq¿ ]-tc-X-\mb ]m-hp-s‚ `m-cy Ip™m-Ω (87).- kw-kv-°mcw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 12\v Nm-en-t»-cn sk‚ v HuKn¬ N¿-®v sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: Ko-h¿Ko-kv, Hu-Kn≥, tdm-a¬.]-tc-X-\m-b ssk-a¨. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ta-cn, sU-bvkn, A-Pn, do-P.

Ip-ª-n-ap-l-½-Zv -

Pm-\-In-A-½ sI-´m-߬; Nq-eq-¿ ap≠-°m-fn-Øm-gw ap-≠°m-fn ]-tc-X-\m-b A-\¥≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Pm-\-In-A-Ω (75). a°ƒ: _m-e≥ \m-b¿ (k-_v F-≥Pn-\o-b¿ sI.F-kv.C._n sI-´m߬), I-eym-Wn-A-Ω, ]m¿-h-Xn A-Ω, kp-`mjn-Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-¶-c≥ \mb¿, tIm-tcm-Øv hn-Pb≥-\m-b¿, D-jm-Ip-amcn, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ir-jvW≥-Ip-´n-\m-b¿.

tZ-h-Zm-kv \m-dm-Øv: D-Wn-em-´v B-cw-`≥ tZ-h-Zmkv(76). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b sIm-bn-te-cy≥ \m-cm-b-Wn. a-°ƒ: Zmtam-Z-c≥, Im¿-Xym-b\n, ]-flm-h-Xn, ap-Ipμ≥, {io-P, D-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-ø-∏≥, kp-{]≥, i-in, _m-_p, {io-P, {]o-X.

ao-\m-£n Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: C-S-bn-e°m-Sn-se Hm-e-°m-cØn ao-\m-£n (85).

]p-\-eq¿: t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Ø a-[y-h-bkv-I≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ a-cn-®p. I-c-hm-fq¿ am-{X sh\n-tb¬ lu-kn¬ A-e-Iv-kv (42) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw ssh-Io-´v I-c-hm-fq-cn¬ a-Zy-]n®v {]-iv-\-ß-fp-≠m-°n-b-Xn-\m-Wv C-bm-sf I-Ã-Unbn-se-Sp-Ø-Xv. kv-t‰-j-\n¬ sIm-≠p-h-∂-t∏mƒ Xf¿-® A-\p-`-h-s∏-´-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v Xm-eq-°v B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-°p-I-bm-b-n-cp-∂p. Nn-In-¬-kbn-en-cn-s°-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. a-Zy-]m-\w \n¿-Øm-\p-≈ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp∂ C-bmƒ ho-≠pw a-Zy-]n-®-t∏mƒ ssh-d¬-∏-\nbpw X-f¿-®-bpw D-≠m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. lr-Z-bm-LmX-am-Wv a-c-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂v tUm-Œ¿-am¿ ]-d-™p. I-c-hm-fq-cn¬ Hm-t´m-dn-£m sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-am-bn hm-t°-‰-hpw kw-L¿-j-hp-ap-≠m-°n-b-t∏m-gm-Wv Ikv-‰-Sn-se-Sp-Ø-sX-∂v ]p-\-eq¿ t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p.

X-«n-¸ptI-kn-se {]-XnXq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

tIm-´-bw: ap-°p-]-≠w ]-W-b-s∏-Sp-Øn X-´n-∏p \-SØm≥ {i-an-® tI-kn-se {]-Xn-sb Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn. X-an-gv-\m-Sv Un-≠n-K¬ Im-Wm-hmbn¬-s∏-´n kz-tZ-in i-in-Ip-am¿ (27) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. bq-\n-b≥ ¢-∫n-\p k-ao-]w C-bmƒ hm-S-I-bv-°p Xma-kn-°p-∂ ap-dn-bn¬ C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11\m-Wv ar-XtZ-lw I-≠-Xv. sh-Ãv t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn kzo-Icn-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw _‘p-°ƒ- G-‰p-hm-ßn. t_-°¿ P-Mv-j-\n¬ {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ kn-‰n bq\n-b≥ _m-¶n¬ I-gn-™ _p-[-\m-gv-N-bm-Wv Cbmƒ am-e-bpw h-f-bpw H-cp tPm-Un I-Ω-epw ]-Wbw h-bv-°m≥ sIm-≠p-h-∂-Xv. X-an-gv-\m-Sv Xn-cp-∏q¿ kz-tZ-in Z-fi-]m-Wn(27)bpw H-∏-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ap-°p-]-≠-am-sW-∂-dn-™-tXm-sS C-cp-h-sc-bpw t]m-en-kv A-d-Ãv sN-b-vXn-cp-∂p. ]n-∂o-Sv Pm-ay-Ønen-d-ßn. ]-Ww ]-en-i-bv-°p sIm-Sp-°p-∂ B-fm-Wp i-inIp-am¿. ]n-cn-hn-\p- t]m-b-t∏mƒ B-fp-Iƒ X-´n-∏ns\-°p-dn-®p tNm-Zn-®-Xn-ep-≈ a-t\m-hn-j-a-am-hmw ac-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. sh-Ãv t]m-enkv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

b¯owJm-\ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ tem-Uv-Pn a-cn-¨\n-e-bnÂ

a-´m-t©cn: b-ØowJm-\ Po-h-\-°mc-s\ tem-Uv-Pv ap-dn-bn¬ a-cn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn. s\-´q¿ J-Zo-PØp¬ Jp_v-d b-Øow-Jm-\-bn¬ ^-≠v dn-ko-h-dmbn-cp-∂ a-e-∏p-dw t]-´ ]m-e°¬ s]m≥-tIm-´v ho´n¬ F-kv F-kv A-–p¬-Jm-Z¿(60)s\-bm-Wv a-´mt©-cn sIm-®-ßm-Sn Nn-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ kz-Im-cy hy‡n-bp-sS tem-Uv-Pv- ap-dn-bn¬ a-cn-®\n-e-bn¬ I≠Xv. ar-X-tZ-l-Øn-\v aq-∂p Zn-hk-sØ ]-g-°-ap≠v. ar-X-tZ-lw ]m-e-°¬ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬ J-_-d-S°n. `m-cy: d-kn-b. a°ƒ: A≥-h¿jm, kp-ssl-e, ^m-cn-j. a-cp-a-I≥: Pw-ko¿.

ss_-¡v Hmt«m-bn-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn¨p

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: ]n.]n.tdm-Un¬ A-d-bv-°∏-Sn am-then tÃm-dn-\p k-ao-]w sNm-Δm-gv-® cm-{Xn ss_-°n¬ Hm-t´m-bn-Sn-®p≠m-b A-]-I-S-Øn¬ sX-t°-ho-S≥ tPm-k-^n-s‚ a-I≥ tkm-Wn(32) a-cn-®p. ]-´na-‰w `m-K-tØ-°p t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Hmt´mbpw A-d-°-∏-Sn-bn-te-°p h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ bphm-°ƒ k-©-cn® ss_-°p-am-bn Iq-´n-bn-Sn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p. A-\q-]v F-d-Wm-Ip-fw kv-s]-jy-en-Ãv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Xo-{h-]-cn-N-c-W-hn-`m-K-Øn-emWv. kq-kn-bm-Wv tkm-Wn-bp-sS am-Xmhv. `mcy: an-j. ktlm-Z-c-n: tkman. kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv s]-cp-am-\n sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv ]-≈n-bn¬.

F ^n-tdm-kv ssl-t¡m-S-Xn-bn ssI-¯-dn-: tI-{µ-\-S-]-Sn{]-Xn-tj-[mÀ-lw-þ ]n-W-dm-bn ho-−pw Pm-aym-t]-£ \Â-In sIm-®n: F.Un._n hm-bv] - m X-´n∏p-tI-kn¬ ]n.B¿.Un ap≥ Ub-dŒ - ¿ F ^n-tdm-kv ssl-t°mS-Xn-bn¬ ho-≠pw Pm-aym-t]-£ \¬-In. A-dà - n-em-bn 48 Zn-hk - w I-gn-™n-´pw Ip-‰-]-{Xw k-a¿-∏n°m-Ø km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ Pmayw A-\p-h-Zn-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏-´m-Wv A-t]-£. l-c-Pn ]-cnK-Wn-® P-Ãn-kv F-kv F-kv kXo-i-N-{μ≥ hm-Zw ]q¿-Øn-bm°n hn-[n ]-db - m≥ am-‰n. F.Un._n hm-bv-] kw-L-Sn∏n-®p-\¬-Im-sa-∂p hm-Kv-Zm-\w \¬-In k-enw F-∂ hy-‡nbn¬ \n-∂p 2009¬ 40.20 e-£w X-´n-sb-Sp-Ø-Xn-\m-Wv ^n-tdmkn-s\-bpw k-cn-Xs - b-bpw _n-Pp-

hn-s\-bpw {]-Xn-bm-°n Xn-cp-h\ - ¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Ø-Xv. F.Un._n D-tZym-K-ÿ-\m-bn _n-Pp-hpw Nm¿-t´-Uv A-°u≠‚m-bn k-cn-X-bpw ^n-tdm-kv F.Un._n \-b -D-]-tZ-i-I-\mbpw N-a-™v X-´n-∏p-\-S-Øn-sb∂m-Wv tI-kv. {]-Xn-^-e-am-bn A-©p-e-£w cq-]-bpw tam-Xn-chpw lyq-≠m-bv Im-dpw ^n-tdm-kv ssI-∏‰ - nbncp∂p. F-∂m¬, \n-c] - c - m-[n-bm-sW∂v Nq-≠n-°m-´n-bm-Wv ^n-tdm-kv Pm-aym-t]-£ \¬-In-b-Xv. 2010¬ _n-Pp-hn-s\-bpw k-cn-Xsb-bpw A-dà - v sN-øp-tºmƒ- Xs‚ sam-gnbpw A-t\z-j-W kw-

Lw tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xm-sW∂pw k-cn-Xb - pw _n-Pp-hpw h-©n°p-I-bm-bn-cp-s∂-∂pw A-t]£-bn¬ ^n-tdm-kv ]-db - p-∂p. ^ntdmkv ssl-t°m-S-Xnbn¬ k-a¿-]n-® Pm-aym-t]-£ t\-c-tØ X-≈n-bn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿∂m-Wv I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw ho≠pw A-t]-£n-®-Xv. C-Xn-\n-sS tk-fm¿ tI-kn-se H-∂mw {]-Xn _n-Pp cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥ B-Zy-`mcy-sb sIm-∂-tI-kn¬ \¬-Inb Pm-aym-t]-£ P-kv-‰n-kv F-kv F-kv k-Xo-i-N-{μ≥ Xn-¶-fm-gvN-tØ-°p am-‰n. tI-kn¬ D-S≥ Ip-‰-]-{Xw k-a¿-∏n-°p-sa-∂v k¿-°m¿ ssl-t°m-S-Xn-sb A-dn-bn-®p.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ssI-Ø-dn- hyh-km-b- ]-T-\-k-an-Xn-bn¬ tI-c-fØn-\v {]m-Xn-\n-[yw \¬-Im-ØtI-{μ-k¿-°m¿- \-S-]-Sn- {]-Xn-tj[m¿-l-am-sW-∂v- kn-.]n.-Fw- kwÿm-\- sk-{I-´-dn- ]n-W-dm-bn- hnP-b-≥.- ssI-Ø-dn- hy-h-km-bsØ- ]p-\-cp-≤-cn-°m-\pw- kw-c£n-°m-\p-am-bn- tI-{μ- sS-Ivssì- a-{¥m-e-bw- cq-]o-I-cn-®]-T-\-k-an-Xn-bn¬- tI-c-fw- H-gn-sIbp-≈- F-´p kw-ÿm-\-ß-fn-sesS-Iv-ssì- lm-≥-Uv-eqw- U-b-dŒ¿-am-sc- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠-v.F-∂m¬,- H-t∂-Im¬- e-£-Øn-e[n-Iw- sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS- Po-hnXm-{i-b-am-b- tI-c-f-Øn-se- ssIØ-dn- ta-J-e-tbm-Sp- Im-´n-b- A-hK-W-\-bm-Wv- k-an-Xn-bn¬- tI-c-f-

Øn-\v- {]m-Xn-\n-[yw- \¬-Im-Xn-cp∂-sX-∂v ]n-W-dm-bn hm¿-Øm°p-dn-∏n¬ Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øn.kw-ÿm-\-sØ- ssI-Ø-dn-taJ-e- {]-Xn-k-‘n-bn-epw- X-I¿-®bn-ep-am-Wv.- ssI-Ø-dn- kw-L-ßfp-sS- I-Sw- F-gp-Xn-Ø-≈p-∂-Xn-\vtI-{μ- _-P-‰n¬- 2010¬- {]-Jym-]n®- 3884 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS- B-izmk-\-S-]-Sn- C-Xp-h-sc- ]q¿-Øn-bm°n-bn-´n-√.- 785 kw-L-߃- c-Pnÿ- sN-bv-Xn-´p-≈- C-hn-sS- 124 kwL-߃-°p- am-{X-ta- C-Xp-h-sck-lm-b-[-\w- \¬-In-bn-´p-≈q.tI-c-f-Øn-se- ssI-Ø-dn- hy-hkm-b-sØ- kw-c-£n-°m-≥ {]tXy-I- \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ- tI-{μ-k¿°m¿- kzo-I-cn-°-W-sa-∂pw- ]nW-dm-bn- B-h-iy-s∏-´p.

Un.ssh.-F-^v.sF. {]-hÀ-¯-I-s\ aÀ-±n-¨ F-kv.sF¡v kkvs]³j³ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap-Jy-a{¥n-°pw a-{¥n sI ]n taml-\-\p-sa-Xn-tc {]-Xn-tj-[n®- Un.ssh.-F-^v.sF {]h¿-Ø-I-s\ a¿-±n-® Fkv.F-.sb k-kv-s]-≥-Uv sNbv-Xp. ]q-¥p-d t]m-en-kv kv-t‰j-\n-se t{K-Uv F-kv.sF hn-P-b-Zm-kn-s\-bm-Wv k-kvs]≥-Uv sN-bv-X-Xv. kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v At\z-jn-® kv-s]-jy¬ {_m©v Un-ssh.F-kv.]n-bp-sS dn-t]m¿-´n-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-em-Wv \-S-]-Sn.


6

thÀ-]mSv

thiruvananthapuram

5 k-]v-Xw-_¿ 2013 hymgw

BÀ.F-kv.F-kv t\-Xm-hn-s\ sh-«n-s¡m-¶p sN-Ã-¸³ ]n-Å

Aw-_p-Pm-£n

a-dn-bw-_o-hn

ap-c-fo-[-c³ \m-bÀ

kp-tc-{µ³

Kw-Km-[-c³ \m-SmÀ

Zm-tam-Z-c³ \m-bÀ

tim-`-\³

N-μ-\-tØm-∏v: sIm-‰-¶c I-√p-hn-f ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ sN-√-∏≥ ]n-≈ (71). `m-cy: X-¶-a-Wn-bΩ.

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: ]m-≠-cØp-cp-Øv N-≈n-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b hm-kp-tZ-hs‚ `m-cy Aw-_p-Pm-£n (85). a-°ƒ: h-\-P, tim`-\, eo-em-Ir-jv-W≥, tim-`, hn-Z, kp-[, em¬Ir-jv-W≥, P-b-Ir-jvW≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]-`m-Ic≥, cm-tP-{μ≥, jo-e, PK-Zo-jv N-{μ-t_m-kv, J¿Pn, hn-`¬-Ip-am¿, hn-P-b[-c≥, k-cn-X, kp-]-cn-X.

im-kv-Xmw-tIm-´: ssa\m-K-∏-≈n th-ß-bn¬ Ip-‰n-bn¬ N-cp-hn-f-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-k-\m-cv Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy a-dn-bw_o-hn (75). a-°ƒ: jm-Plm≥, jm-\-hm-kv, ssee, tUm. jw-\m-Zv. a-cp-a°ƒ: jm-ln-Z, k-^n-b, dn-bm-kv A-l-Ω-Zv (F≥Pn-\o-b¿), X-kv-\n.

I-S-bv-°¬: ]-≈n-ap-°v c-ho-{μ-`-h-\n¬ ap-c-fo-[c≥ \m-b¿ (58). `m-cy: h¬-k-e. a-°ƒ: ap-tIjv, Nn-Øn-c. a-cp-a-I≥: Pn-Øp.

In-fn-am-\q¿: a-S-hq¿ Xptºm-Sv {io-ssi-e-Øn¬ Pn kp-tc-{μ≥ \m-b¿ (Fw.C.F-kv t\-h¬ t_-kv, sIm-®n-˛ 59). `mcy Pn H tjm-Pn (h¿-°e \-K-c-k-`). a-°ƒ: abq-cn, a-bq-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sI F-kv c-Xo-jv-Ip-am¿ (Zp-_-bv), ]n k-t¥m-jvIp-am¿ (Zp-_-bv). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: s\-√naq-Sv tIm-´p-Im¬ ssIX≥-hn-f cm-P-{io-bn¬ A-Uz. ]n Kw-Km-[-c≥ \m-Sm¿ (68). a-°ƒ: Pn kp-tc-jv-_m-_p (I-Æq¿ bq-Wn-th-gv-kn-‰n), Pn cmtP-jv-Ip-am¿ (sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn, s\-øm‰n≥-I-c), tUm. sP teJ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Zn-hy (sSdm t{]m-P-Œv), c-ay (s\øm-‰n≥-I-c tIm-S-Xn), Sn‰p (F-b¿-t^m-gv-kv).

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: s\-√-\mSv ta-te I-bv-∏-≈n ho´n¬ Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b¿ (86). `m-cy: tZ-h-In-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: N-{μn-Im-tZ-hn, Ipam-cn h-k-¥, Ko-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am¿, ap-cfo-[-c≥ \m-b¿, cm-P-tiJ-c≥ \m-b¿.

sh-≈-d-S: Im-c-aq-Sv ]pXp-®-hn-fm-Iw ho-´n¬ Sn tim-`-\≥ (44). `m-cy: _m-Pn-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: \n-PnX, \n-Jn¬.

c-ho-{µ³ \mbÀ Xn-cph√: s]m-Sn-bm-Sn Xm-gv-N-bn¬ ]p-Ø≥-]p-cbn¬ Sn hn c-ho-{μ≥ \mb¿ (68). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬. s]m-Sn-bm-Sn aw-K-tfmZ-bw bp.]n kvIqƒ dn-´. Po-h-\-°m-c\mWv. `m-cy: \-μn-\n-°p´n-b-Ω. a°ƒ: P-b-Ipam¿, kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, cmtP-jv-Ip-am¿, cm-Po-hvIpam¿.

hm-kp-tZ-h³ ]nÅ Nm-cpw-aqSv: dn-´. kp-t_Zm¿ ta-P¿ Xm-a-c-°p-fw B-in¿-hm-Zn¬ (N-°m-ebn¬) hm-kp-tZ-h≥-]n≈ (74). `mcy: c-am-tZhn. a°ƒ: A-PnØv (hn-ap-‡ `S≥), A-izXn, B-i, a-cpa-°ƒ: jo-P, _m-e-N{μ≥ ]n≈, (hn-ap-‡ `S≥), {io-Ip-am¿.

apc-fo-[-c³ tN¿Øe : hb-em¿ ]©m-bØv H∂mw hm¿Uv ssIX-°m´v ho´n¬ ]tc-X-\mb {]`m-I-c≥ \mb-cpsS aI≥ sI ]n apc-fo-[-c≥ (51, F-kv.sF. amcm-cn°pfw t]menkv tÃj≥).

tXmakv amXyp tImg-t©cn : Abncq¿ sNdptIm¬∏pg apt≠mSØn¬ F¬sFkn sNss∂ Unhn j≥ dn´. AUvan\n kvt{S‰ohv Hm^nk¿ tXmakv amXyp(87 ).

kne-tam³ tN¿Øe : Xgp∏v X´p¶¬ kne-tam≥ (84-˛hmh-®≥). kwkvImcw \msf sshIp-t∂cw aq∂n\v sk‚ v tPmk^v ]≈n-bn¬. `mcy : Iº°m-c≥ ho´n¬ tdmk°p-´n.

ssk-a¬ tIm-´-bw: H-f-» I-cnºn¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb eq-t°m-kn-s‚ a-I≥ sI F¬ ssk-a¨ (60). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf aq∂n-\v H-f-i sk‚ v B‚-Wo-kv ]-≈n-bn-epw \-S-Øpw. `m-cy ta-cn ssk-a¨(am-¥p-cp-Ønbn¬, ssI-∏p-g).

X-¦-½ tN¿Øe : IS-°-c∏≈n ]©m-bØv aq∂mw hm¿Uv X¶n Ipcn-ip-¶¬ ]tc-X-\mb inh-cm-as‚ `mcy X¶Ω (92). kwkvImcw \SØn. a°ƒ : Ipkp-amw_n-I,tZh-cm-P≥,- D-a-bΩ,- im-¥n-\n,-A-timI≥,-i-in,-P-b-tZ-h≥,_nPn,-]-tc-X-\mb taml-\≥. acp-a-°ƒ : cma-Zm-kv,-ar-Zp-e,-c-ho{μ≥,-kp-Ip-am-c≥,-tKm]n,-A-\n-X,-X¶Ω,- D-j,]-tc-X-\mb kn±m¿∞≥.

A-_v-Zp-Ã t_m-hn-°m-\w: _m-hn°-c ]-tc-X-cm-b Ip™m-a-Zn-s‚-bpw _o^m-Øn-a-bp-sS-bpw aI≥ A-_v-Zp-√ (55). `mcy: B-bn-i.

kp-Ip-am-c³ apl-Ω: \m-ep Ipf-ß-c I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬ Pn kpIp-am-c≥ (92). `mcy: sI F-kv eo-e. a°ƒ: F-kv _o-\, sI F-kv D-j, sI F-kv tPmfn, sI Fkv P-b, sI F-kv an\n.

_m-e-Ir-jv-W-]nÅ XIgn: tIf-aw-Kew B™n-en-th-en¬ Achnμ aμn-c-Øn¬ ]tc-X\mb F.-sI.-_m-e-IrjvW-]n-≈-bpsS aI≥ _n.-in-h-i-¶-c-]n≈ (61). kwkvImcw sh≈nbmgvN D®bv°v aq∂n\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬.

I-eym-Wn X-º-e-°m-Sv: I-f-Øn-∏-dºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI sI Ip-am-c-s‚ `m-cy Ieym-Wn (81). kw-kv-Imcw \-S-Øn. sN-dp-h-≈n ]p-d-°p-t∂¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: X-¶-∏≥, i-in-[c≥, im-c-Z, c-a-Wn iym-af, tam-l-\≥, ]-tc-X-\mb A-Pp-°p-´n.

Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv hn-f-bq¿: hn-f-bq¿ h-enb-]-d-ºn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´nbpsS ap-I≥ Ip-™pap-l-Ω-Zv (40).

Zm-tam-Z-c-¸-Wn-¡À

sN-dp-h-≈n: Im-cpw-Xm-\Øv sI F≥ N-{μ-ti-Jc≥ \m-b¿ (68). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v aq∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: C-μn-cm-tZ-hn ]m-ºmSn h-b-ep-¶¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: l-cn, t{]-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-anX, hn-P-bv-Ip-am¿ ( _mw•q¿).

X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv: dn-´. anen-{Sn D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ {]Im-iv `-h-\n¬ sI Zmtam-Z-c-∏-Wn-°¿ (98). `mcy: h-S-bm¿ Xp-cp-tج Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw sN-√-Ω. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv °v 12\v Xr-∏q-Wn-Øp-d ssh-Zyp-Xn iv-a-im-\Øn¬ \-S-°pw. a-°ƒ: P-b-{]-Im-iv ( ]n. U-ªyp.Un.dn-´. F-Iv-knIyq-´n-hv F≥-Pn-\o-b¿), Ko-X, tim-`, kp-[, {]-`. ]-tc-X-bm-b {]-k-∂.

Ip-ªn-¡-®³

I-eym-Wn

N-{µ-ti-J-c³ \m-bÀ

sNm-¢n: dn-´. t]m-en-kv sl-Uv tIm¨-Ã-_n-ƒ ta-\-{]w B-jm \n-e-bØn¬ ]n Ip-™n-°Æ≥ (75). F-kv.F≥.-Un.]n tbmKw Cu-Ãv ta-\-{]w imJm sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bn-cp∂p.

]-ø-∂q¿: sh-t≈m-d-bnse ]-tc-X-\m-b hn ]n Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy sN¥-e ]p-Xn-b-ho-´n¬ Ieym-Wn (86). a-Iƒ: Im¿-Xym-b-\n. k-tlm-Zc-߃: Pm-\-In, Ip™n-°-Æ≥, ]m¿-h-Xn, \m-cm-b-Wn.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: B¿.F-kv.F-kv {]m-tZ-in-I t\Xm-hpw a-W¬-am-^n-b kw-L-Ø-e-h-\p-am-b bp-hmhv sh-t´-‰p a-cn-®p. B¿.F-kv.F-kv X-a-ew im-JmIm-cy-hm-l-Iv X-a-ew Im-a-cm-Pv \-K¿ sIm-®p-tXm-∏v ho-´n¬ Zn-hm-I-c-s‚ a-I≥ _n-\p-tam≥ (46) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. a-W¬-am-^n-b-Iƒ X-Ωn-ep-≈ Ip-Sn-∏-I-bmWv sIm-e-bv-°v ]n-∂n-se-∂m-Wv I-cp-Xp-∂-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw ]p-e¿-s® 2.30\v {Xn-hn-{I-aw-K-eØm-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. C-bm-fp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ Hcp-kw-L-w a-Æv C-Sn-®v tem-dn-bn¬ I-b-‰p-∂-Xn-\n-sS t]m-en-kv h-cp-∂-Xm-bn hn-h-cw e-`n-®p. Xp-S¿-∂v Cbm-fpw kp-lr-Øpw ss_-°n¬ c-£-s∏-Sm≥ {i-an°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS ss_-°p-I-fn-se-Øn-b H-cp kw-Lw sh-´p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. _n-\p kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øv X-s∂ a-c-W-s∏-´p. kn.]n.F-Ωp-am-bn _-‘-ap-≈ kw-L-am-Wv A-{I-aØn-\v ]n-∂n-se-∂v kw-L-]-cn-hm-cw B-tcm-]n-®p. _n-\p \n-c-h-[n {In-an-\¬-tI-kp-I-fn¬ {]-Xn-bmsW-∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p.

t]m-en-kv I-ÌUn-bn-se-Sp-¯bmÄ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn a-cn-¨p

]p-\-eq¿: t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Ø a-[y-h-bkv-I≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ a-cn-®p. I-c-hm-fq¿ am-{X sh\n-tb¬ lu-kn¬ A-e-Iv-kv (42) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw ssh-Io-´v I-c-hm-fq-cn¬ a-Zy-]n®v {]-iv-\-ß-fp-≠m-°n-b-Xn-\m-Wv C-bm-sf I-Ã-Unbn-se-Sp-Ø-Xv. kv-t‰-j-\n¬ sIm-≠p-h-∂-t∏mƒ Xf¿-® A-\p-`-h-s∏-´-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v Xm-eq-°v B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-°p-I-bm-b-n-cp-∂p. Nn-In-¬-kbn-en-cn-s°-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. a-Zy-]m-\w \n¿-Øm-\p-≈ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp∂ C-bmƒ ho-≠pw a-Zy-]n-®-t∏mƒ ssh-d¬-∏-\nbpw X-f¿-®-bpw D-≠m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. lr-Z-bm-LmX-am-Wv a-c-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂v tUm-Œ¿-am¿ ]-d-™p. I-c-hm-fq-cn¬ Hm-t´m-dn-£m sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-am-bn hm-t°-‰-hpw kw-L¿-j-hp-ap-≠m-°n-b-t∏m-gm-Wv Ikv-‰-Sn-se-Sp-Ø-sX-∂v ]p-\-eq¿ t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p.

ss_-¡-]-I-S-¯n bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p N-{µ-ti-J-c³ \m-bÀ

]p-cp-tjm-¯-a³

Ip-«³-]n-Å

kp-Ip-am-c³- \m-bÀ

cm-[m-Ir-jv-W-]n-Å

kÂ-am-_o-hn l-Öp-½

tPmÀ-Pv tbm-l-¶m³

im-c-Z

sh-≈-d-S: ]-\-®-aq-Sv ]©m-Ip-gn ]-fl-hn-em-kw _w-•m-hn¬ N-{μ-ti-Jc≥ \m-b¿ (59). `m-cy: N{μn-I. a-°ƒ: im-en-\n-tZhn, P-b-i-¶¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-P-ti-J-c≥ \m-b¿, Ihn-X.

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: Rm-d-bv°m-´p-hn-f in-h-Kw-Kbn¬ ]n Pn ]p-cp-tjmØ-a≥ (72). `m-cy: eo-emΩ. a-°ƒ: Zo-], Zo-]v-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-Ip-am¿, Pb-cm-Pv.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]-cpØn-∏-≈n ssh-im-Jv `h-\n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \mcm-b-W≥ \m-b-cp-sS aI≥ F≥ kp-Ip-am-c≥ \m-b¿. `m-cy: c-P-\n. a°ƒ: an-Yp≥, ssh-imJv.

Nm-Ø-∂q¿: Xm-gw Ip-cbn¬ P-b≥ \n-hm-kn¬ kn cm-[m-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈ (a-Wn-˛66). `m-cy: C-μn-c. a-°ƒ: P-b-N-{μ≥, kt¥m-jv, P-b-¥n, an-\n, jo-_.

tdm-k-½ tPm-k-^v

\m-ep-tIm-Sn: \-√q¿ Nmt°m tk-hy-dn-s‚ a-I≥ sj-_n≥ (22). kw-kv-Imcw \m-sf D-®bv-°v c-≠n\v \m-ep-tIm-Sn sk‚ v tXm-a-kv ]-≈n-bn¬. amXm-hv t{K-kn-°p-´n. ktlm-Z-c-߃: sj-dn≥, jn‚ v, jn‚n.

I-√-d: an-Xr-Ω-e a-cpXpw-aq-Sv ss\-\m `-h\n¬ sI Ip-´≥-]n-≈ (79). `m-cy: hn k-Xy-`m-ab-Ω. a-°ƒ: ss\-\, kXo-jv-Ip-am¿, im-¥nem¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ir-jvW-]n-≈ (F-kv.sF, Infn-am-\q¿), F-kv B¿ eX, F-kv e-X.

N-h-d: tX-h-e-°-c ]me-bv-°¬ H-‰-amw-hn-fbn¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb C-{_m-low-Ip-´n-bpsS `m-cy k¬-am-_o-hn l-÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: k-^n-bm-_o-hn, \-_o-km-_o-hn, A–p¬ ap-Ø-en-_v, bpkp-^v-Ip-™v, A-–p¬ k-a-Zv, J-Zo-Pm-_o-hn, A-–p¬ a-\m-^v, Ceym-kv-Ip-™v, _-jo¿Ip-´n, j-d-^-p-±o≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ju-°-Ømen, \m-kn-ap-±o≥, jm-\nP, d-ko-\, h-lo-Zv, A–p¬-d-low, d-ko-\, dwe, ^u-kn-b, apw-Xm-kv.

N-h-d: tX-h-e-°-c ]-Sn™m-‰-°-c a-Æm-t»-cn¬ tPm¿-Pv tbm-l∂m≥(90). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf D-®-bv°v 12\v ssa-\m-K-∏-≈n B-‰p-]p-dw s]-¥-t°mkv-Xv an-j≥ sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. `m-cy: A-∂-ΩtPm¿-Pv. a-°ƒ: X-¶-®≥ tPm¿-Pv, km-ap-h¬ tPm¿-Pv, t_-_n-tPm-¿-Pv, sse-km-Ω-tPm-bn. a-cp-a°ƒ: t_-_n-Ip-´n, ]-tcX-bm-b sd-bv-®¬-_-m_p, A¬-t^m¨-kmt_-_n, ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-bn-tPm-jz.

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: I-cp-\mK-∏-≈n tIm-gn-t°m-Sv hmte¬ ho-´n¬ sh-fp-ØIp-™n-s‚ `m-cy im-c-Z (72).- a-°ƒ ]-tc-X-\m-b a-t\m-l-c≥, a-t\m-cmP≥, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, hn _m-_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Hm-a\, k-Xo-i≥ (k-_v C≥kv-s]-Iv-S¿, t]m-en-kv s{S-bn-\nw-Kv sk‚¿ cm-ah¿-Ω-]p-cw, Xr-»q¿), I-ae-lm-k≥ (sI.Fw.Fw.F¬.), kn‘p.

kqk³

Ip-a-c-Iw: B-im-cn-t»-cn `m-K-Øv sX-s°-ap-Øpt»-cn¬ k-Zm-\-μ≥ (62). `m-cy: tam-fn Ip-a-c-Iw ]pØ≥-®n-d Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: kp-K-‘n, P-b¥n, km-P≥.

ssh-°w: Xp-cp-Øn-°-c Ip-cy≥ tPm-k-^n-s‚ `mcy tdm-k-Ω tPm-k-^v. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v sshIo-´v \m-en-\v ssh-°wsk‚ v tPm-k-^v s^mtdm-\-]-≈n-bn¬. ]-tc-X Rm-d-bv-°¬ I-Æ-ºp-g Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: adn-b-Ω, t{X-ky-m-Ω, s]Æ-Ω, do-\, Ip-cy-®≥, amØ-®≥, ]m-∏-®≥ ( F√m-h-cpw bp.F-kv.F).

]m-¯p-®n X-Æo¿-t°m-Sv: s]-cp-aÆq¿ ]-tc-X-\m-b h-enb-h-f-∏n¬ tN-°p-hn-s‚ `m-cy ]m-Øp-Æn (70). a°ƒ: lw-k (t]m-]p-e¿ {^-≠v), A-en, A-_q-_°¿, C-kv-am-Cu¬, Ban-\.

sj-_n³

N-{µ³ am-ln: ]-tc-X-cm-b sNtΩ-cn Ip-™m-∏p-˛e-£van Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ A-gn-bq¿ sN-tΩ-cn N{μ≥ (67). k-tlm-Z-c߃: c-ho-{μ≥, cm-tP{μ≥ (ku-Øv a-e-_m¿ {Km-ao-¨ _m-¶v, \m-Zm]p-cw tdm-Uv), kp-tc{μ≥, i-io-{μ≥, P-tb{μ≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b D-Øa≥.

tPm-k-^v hÀ-Ko-kv ap-´m¿: sIm-®p-ho-´n¬ tPm-k^v h¿-Ko-kv ( Hu-tk-∏-®≥ ˛70). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf ap-´m¿ sk‚ v tPm-k-^v ]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: F¬-k-Ω am-S-∏-≈n s\-®p-Im-´p-Imem-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: Pn≥-kp-tamƒ (cm-P-ÿm≥), Pn≥-k¨ (U¬-ln), P-bv-Pn≥ ( jm¿-P). a-cp-a-°ƒ: tPmWn (cm-P-ÿm≥).

A-ÐpÂ-Jm-ZÀ lm-Pn sN-¶-f: ]-g-b-Im-e apkvenw eo-Kv t\-Xm-hv sN-¶-f \m-emw ssa-enen-se kn Fw A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿ lm-Pn (85).

tim-im-½ ap-°q-´p-X-d : C-S-I-S-Øn N-°m-e-bv-°¬ kn kn am-Xyp-hn-s‚ (sIm-®psIm-®v) `m-cy tim-im-Ω (74) kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf 1.30\v X-e-bn-W-Ø-Sw sk‚ v ta-co-kv Hm¿-ØtUm-Iv-kv ]-≈n-bn¬. ]tc-X dm-∂n sX-ßpw-tXm´-Øn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ : tPm-bn, _m-_p, jm-Pn, km-e-Ω, jn-_p, sIm-®p-tamƒ, k-en, an\n, A-iz-Xn, tkm-Wn. acp-a-°ƒ : tZ-h-kym-®≥ ]p-fn-bv-°¬ sIm-c-´n, tPm¨-k¨ Ip-t∂¬ A-W-°-c, cm-Po-hv Nn-dbv-°¬ I-W-a-e, _nt\m-bn ssI-X-bv-°¬ am-\-¥-hm-Sn, F¬-k-Ω, A-®m-Ω.

Ip-ªn-s¡m¨v I-Sp-ß√q¿:I-Wn-bmwIp-∂v N-ß-Wn-t°mSØv ]-tc-X\m-b _m-h aI≥ Ip-™n-s°m-®v(82). J-_-dS-°w C-∂p D-®-°v 12\p tXm-´-°-´p-I-c Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬. a-°ƒ:_-jo¿, kn-±nJv, ap-lΩ-Zv(aq-hcpw A¬kp-ssh-Zn Iº-\n ku-Zn), j-ao¿(sIm-dnb¿ k¿-Δo-kv), Xm-lnd,B-cn-^, jw-e.

B-bn-i ap-g-∏n-e-ßm-Sv: Ip-fw _o-®v tdm-Uv sd-bn¬th tK-‰n-\v k-ao-]w ko]n≥ lu-kn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-≈n-°¬ a-Ωplm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy No°n-tem-S≥ ]p-Xn-b ho´n¬ B-bn-i (86).

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: I-Sa-‰w Rm-fnb-Øv(Xm-g-h\)ho-´n¬ sP-bnw-kns‚ `m-cy kq-k≥(57). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D®°p 2\p I-Sa-‰w sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv -]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ:B-jv-en,Acp¨. a-cp-a-°ƒ:ap-∂ t_kn¬,cmJn.

k-Zm-\-µ³

e-£v-an-b-½ cm-P-]p-cw: sam-tbm-ew sX-ø-Øn-¶m-hn-se ]pXn-bm-d-º-Øn e-£v-an-bΩ (94).

^n-en-¸v Ip-a-c-Iw: sX-t°-S-Øv I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬ sI ]n ^n-en-∏v (Ip-™v 66). `mcy: tim-im-Ω ^n-en-∏v th-fq¿ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a-°ƒ: F-_n ^n-en-∏v _mw-•q¿, _-®≥ ^n-en∏v, kn-tPm ^n-en-∏v.

Pm-\-In-A-½ sI-´m-߬; Nq-eq-¿ ap≠-°m-fn-Øm-gw ap-≠°m-fn ]-tc-X-\m-b A-\¥≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Pm-\-In-A-Ω (75).

{]-W-b-ss\-cm-iyw; bphXn B-ß-l-Xy sN-bv-Xp ta-cn-¡p-«n tIm-in

am-[-h-¡p-dp-¸v

tUm. ]-Xv-a-\m-`³

Ku-cn-¡p-«n-b-½

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: h-´w-]-dºn¬ hn sI tIm-in-bpsS `m-cy ta-cn-°p-´n tImin (93). a-°ƒ: Hm-a-\, h¿-Ko-kv tIm-in, tXm-a-kv tImin, ]-tc-X-cm-b _m-_p tIm-in, am-Xyp tIm-in. acp-a-°ƒ: kq-k≥, k-Pn h¿-Ko-kv (s\-√-\m-Sv ]©m-b-Øv), en-kn, a-dnbm-Ω, ]-tc-X-\m-b sI Fw tXm-a-kv. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 2.30\v ]-cp-Øn-∏m-d C-Ωm-\pth¬ am¿-tØm-Ωm ]≈n-bn¬.

t]m-Ø≥-tIm-Sv: im-kvXmw-tIm-Ww hn-f-bn¬ ho-´n¬ am-[-h-°p-dp-∏v (99). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b `-hm-\n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: Fw Zn-hm-I-c≥ \m-b¿ (dn-´. U-b-dn U-h-e-]v-sa‚ v), Hm-a-\m-Ω, e-£v-an-°p-´nb-Ω, a-μm-In-\n-b-Ω, Kncn-Pm-Ω (tIm-˛-Hm-]-td-‰ohv c-Pn-kv-{Sm¿ Hm-^n-kv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: iym-a-fm-Ω, tKm-]n-\m-Y≥ \m-b¿, hm-kp-tZ-h≥ ]n-≈, inh-Zm-k≥ \m-b¿ (dn-´. ]n.F-kv.kn), i-in-[-c≥ \m-b¿ (dn-´. ^n-j-do-kv Un-]m¿-´v-sa‚ v).

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: a-lm-cm-jv{S K-h¿-Æ¿ sI i-¶-c\m-cm-b-W-s‚ `m-cym ktlm-Z-cn `¿-Øm-hv dn-´. kn-hn¬ k¿-P-\pw, Kp-cphm-bq¿ tZ-h-kzw ap≥ No-^v sa-Un-°¬ Hm-^nk-dp-am-b tUm. ]-Xv-a-\m`≥(82) \n-cym-X-\m-bn. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v ]m-e-°m-Sv Nn-‰qcn-se ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `mcy: tUm. ]m¿-Δ-Xn(dn-´. kn-hn¬ k¿-P≥). a°ƒ: s{]m-^. \n¿-Ωe(sk‚ v tX-tc-km-kv tIm-f-Pv, F-d-Wm-Ip-fw), tUm. e-£v-ao-tZ-hn(Aar-X B-kv-]-{Xn, C-S-∏≈n), tUm. cm-Pv-taml≥(bp.sI). a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn.]n cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥(Nm¿-t´-Uv A-°u≠‚ v), hn-]n≥ tat\m≥(F-©n-\o-b¿), tUm. im-en-\n(bp.sI).

I-√-º-ew: Nn-‰m-bn-t°mSv Un.Pn lu-kn¬ B¿ tZ-h-Zm-k≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy Ku-cn-°p-´n-b-Ω (68). a-°ƒ: tim-`-\-Ipam-cn, kp-K-X-Ip-am-cn, kptc-jv-Ip-am¿, kp-\n¬-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B¿ kpZ¿-i-\≥ ]n-≈, hn ap-cfo-[-c≥ \m-b¿, Im-thcn, {]o-Xn.

knÌÀ A-¶ ta-cn ]m-h-d´n: h-S-°q-´v sImt´-am¿ eq-hn-kn-s‚ aIƒ kn.A-∂m-ta-cn(86) hn-P-b-hm-U-bn¬ \n-cymX-bmbn. sk‚ v B‚ v k-`mw-K-amWv. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v hn-P-bhm-U-bn¬. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: t]mƒ tU-hn-kv, tXma-kv, ]-tcXcmb tPm-k^v, tPmWn, tPm¿-÷v.

enÃn ]m-h-d´n: ]p-Øq¿ sP-bv°-_n-s‚ `m-cy en√n(60).

bm-¡q-_v lm-Pn ]-ø-∂q¿: No-ta-\n-bnse {]-ap-J hym-]m-cnbpw sh-≈q¿ ap-kv-enw P-am-A-Øv sk-{I-´-dnbp-am-b aq-∏‚-I-Øv bm°q-_v lm-Pn (70).

hn-em-kn-\n sNm-¢n: ta-\-{]w B≠n-∏o-Sn-I-bn-se s\-√n°-≠n-bn¬ hn-em-kn-\n (61).

A-©mw a-{´n-Øm-\-¯n-\p k-ap-Zm-bw \Â-tI-−n-h-¶ hn-e-bm-Wv `-h-\-]-²-Xn A-«n-a-dn: ]n Sn F d-low Fw.FÂ.F. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap-kv-enw- eoKn-s‚ A-©mw-a-{¥n ÿm-\Øn-\v k-ap-Zm-bw \¬-tI-≠n-h∂ hn-e-bm-Wv C-μn-cm B-hm-kv tbm-P-\-bn-se \yq-\-]-£ hnln-Xw sh-´n-°p-d-® \-S-]-Sn-sb∂v ]n Sn F d-low Fw.F¬.F. \yq-\-]-£- `-h-\-]-≤-Xn A-´n-adn-s°-Xn-tc tkm-fn-Um-cn-‰n kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n kw-L-Sn-∏n-® sk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰v am¿-®v D-Zv-Lm-S\w sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±lw. tI-{μ-]-≤-Xn-bp-sS \yq-\]-£ Kp-W-t`m-‡r-hn-ln-X-amb 47 i-X-am-\w tI-c-f-Øn¬ 15 i-X-am-\-am-bn am-‰w-h-cp-Øp-∂Xn-\v \ym-bo-I-c-W-an-√. a-‰p-]-e ]-≤-Xn-I-fpw \-S-∏m-°p-∂-Xn-\v X-S- w ]-d-bp-∂-Xv tI-{μ-\n-e-

]m-Sp-I-sf-bm-Wv. F-∂m¬, Chn-sS \yq-\-]-£m-\p-Iq-e-am-b tI-{μ-\n-e-]m-Sv tI-c-fw A-´n-adn-°p-I-bm-sW-∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d-™p. tkm-fn-Um-cn-‰n kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚ v Sn ap-l-Ω-Zv th-fw, ]m-f-bw C-amw P-am-ep-±o-≥ a-¶S, sF.F≥.F¬ kw-ÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn Fw Fw am-ln≥, sh¬-s^-b¿ ]m¿-´n kw-ÿm\ P-\-d-¬ sk-{I-´-dn sI Aw_p-Pm-£≥, P-am-A-sØ C-kvem-an ta-J-em -\m-knw ]n ]n A–p¿-d-lv-am≥, kzm-an hn-iz-`-{Zm\-μ i-‡n-t_m-[n, Fw.C.Fkv kw-ÿm-\ P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´dn ]n H sP e-∫, A-Uz. sI ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv kw-km-cn-®p.

Bâ-Wn ssh∏n≥: ]\-ºp-ImSv Iq´p-¶¬ B‚Wn (84) A¥-cn-®p. `mcy : A∂. a-°ƒ : tagvkn, Pm≥kn, Ip™p-tam≥, jm¿e‰v, Pb. a-cp-a-°ƒ :km_p, t__n, tdmj≥, cmtP-jv.

sFim_n Imk¿-tImUv: apkv enweoKv kwÿm\ sshkv {]-kn-U‚pw knUvtIm sNb¿am\pam-b kn Sn AlΩZenbpsS `mcy DΩmenΩbpsS amXmhv kn Sn sFim_n (90).

s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv: {]-W-bss\-cm-iywaq-ew bphXn B-fl-l-Xy sN-bv-Xp. sNm-Δm-gv-N cm-{Xn 10 a-Wn-tbm-sSbm-Wv C-cn-©-bw Imhn-\v ]n-d-Iv ho-´n¬ jm-Pn-˛-D-jm-Ip-am-cn Zº-Xn-I-fp-sS a-Iƒ civ-an (20) sb ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]-sØ d-_¿-]p-c-bn-S-Øn¬ a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. c-iv-an kz-bw a-sÆ-Æ-sbm-gn-®v Xo-s°m-fpØn B-fl-l-Xy- sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂m-Wv \n-K-a-\-w. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw {io- Nn-{Xm sa-Un°¬ sk‚¿ Po-h-\-°m-cn-bm-b c-iv-an I-\ym-Ipf-ß-c kz-tZ-in-bm-b bp-hm-hp-am-bn {]-W-b-Ønem-bn-cp∂p. c-iv-an-°v ho-´p-Im¿ a-‰p Nn-e hn-hm-lm-tem-N\-Iƒ \-S-Øn-sb-¶n-epw A-sX-√mw bp-hm-hpw civ-an-bpw tN¿-∂v ap-S-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. F-∂m¬ C-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ c-iv-an-bp-am-bp-≈ {]-W-bw bp-hmhn-s‚ ho-´p-Im¿ A-dn-™v {]-iv-\-ap-≠m-°n. c-ivan-bp-am-bp-≈ hn-hm-lw \-S-Øm-\mhn-s√-∂v D-d∏n-® _-‘p-°ƒ a-s‰m-cp hn-hm-lw B-tem-Nn®p. I-gn-™ Rm-b-dm-gv-N a-s‰m-cp bp-h-Xn-bp-ambp-≈ hn-hm-l-\n-›-b-hpw \-S-∂p. C-X-dn-™ civ-an sam-ss_¬-t^m-Wn-eq-sS bp-hm-hp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´p-sh-¶n-epw hn-hm-lw \-S-°n-s√-∂ adp-]-Sn-bm-Wv e-`n-®-Xv. C-Xn¬ a-\w-s\m-¥m-Wv civ-an B-fl-l-Xy-sN-bv-X-sX-∂v F-kv.sF ss_Pp A-dn-bn-®p. c-iv-an F-gp-Xn-b I-Øv t]m-en-kv I-s-≠Øn-bn-´p.

h¿-°-e: ss_-°-]-I-SØn¬ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. h¿°-e \-cn-°-√p-ap-°v Aºn-fn \n-hm-kn¬ [-\p-jv (27) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂se ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v Im∏n¬ F-®v.F-kv Im-´p-hnf tdm-Un-em-Wv A-]-I-Sw. [-\p-jn-s‚ kp-lr-Øv a-W-ºq¿ F-kv.F-kv \nhm-kn¬ ssj-Pp-hp-sam-Øv [-\p-jn-s‚ k-tlm-Z-cnbp-sS ho-´n¬-t∏m-bn a-S-ßn-h-c-sh \n-b-{¥-Ww-sX‰n-b ss_-°v k-ao-]-sØ t]m-Ãn¬ C-Sn-®m-Wv A]-I-Sw. [-\p-jn-s\ h¿-°-e Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. km-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ kp-lr-Øv ss_-Pp Xm-eq°m-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-Wv. `m-cy: A-ºnfn. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm-]n-\m-Y≥. am-Xm-hv: Aw-_n-I.

hr-² In-W-änÂ-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

I-√-º-ew: hr-≤-sb InW-‰n¬-ho-Wv a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s-≠Øn. \m-hmbn-°p-fw ss]-th-en-t°mWw sk-bn-\p-√ a≥-knen¬ B-kn-bm-_o-hn (80) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. sNm-Δm-gvN ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\pw A©n-\pw C-S-bn-em-Wv kw`-h-sa-∂p I-cp-Xp-∂p. h¿-°-e-bn¬-\n-∂v A-·n-i-a-\-tk F-Øn ]p-dsØ-Sp-Ø-t∏m-tg-°pw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. X-´p-]m-e-Øv aIƒ-s°m-∏w X-m-a-k-am-bn-cp-∂ A-kn-bm-_o-hn H-cmgv-N ap-ºm-Wv hn-tZ-i-Øp-≈ a-I≥ sk-bn-\p-em-–os‚ ho-Sm-b sk-bn-\p-√m a≥-kn-en¬ h-∂-Xv. Nn-d-bn≥-Io-gv Xm-eq-°m-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv ‰vtam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kv-I-cn-®p. I-√º-ew t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

s{S-bn³-X-«n a-cn-¨p h-dp-Kokv

a-dn-b-¡p«n

aq-hm-‰p]p-g: hm-g-∏n≈n ]p-fn-t©m-Sv Im™n-c-Øpw-aq-´n¬ h¿°n h-dp-Ko-kv(88). `mcy: tim-im-Ω(h-S°-t©-cn hm-Xym-´v IpSpw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: tPmbn, A-∂-Ip´n, tacn, ]-tc-X\m-b tPm¿-Pv-Ip´n, enkn, an\n, tPm_n. a-cpa°ƒ: h¬-k, ]-tcX\m-b ]n Fw ss]en, ]-tc-X\m-b tPm¿Pv, kmen, sdPn, jmP≥, Pnj.

tIm-X-aw-Kew: `q-XØm≥-sI-´v sIm-´n-ti-cn°p-Sn-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]p-∂q-kn-s‚ `m-cy a-dnb-°p-´n(98). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p ]-Øn-\p Iocºm-d sk‚ v.sk-_mÃy≥-kv ]-≈n-bn¬. a°ƒ: am-Ø®≥, ]m∏®≥, tPm¿Pv, t__n, s]m∂-Ω, hm-h®≥, t]mƒ, X-¶-Ω, B‚Wn.

Ip-ª-n-ap-l-½-Zv s]m-∂m-\n: ]p-g-{ºw ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-dp-]-dºn¬ sam-bv-Xo-s‚ aI≥ Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv (51). sI.F-kv.F^v.C h-fm-t©-cn {_m-©v Po-h-\-°m-c\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: In_v-Øn-b. a-°ƒ: Pnbm-Zv, k-\. k-tlm-Z-c߃: l-\o-^, A–p¬ _-jo¿ (A-_qZ-_n), B-bn-i.

tZ-h-Zm-kv \m-dm-Øv: D-Wn-em-´v B-cw-`≥ tZ-h-Zmkv(76). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b sIm-bn-te-cy≥ \m-cm-b-Wn. a-°ƒ: Zmtam-Z-c≥, Im¿-Xym-b\n, ]-flm-h-Xn, ap-Ipμ≥, {io-P, D-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-ø-∏≥, kp-{]≥, i-in, _m-_p, {io-P, {]o-X.

ao-\m-£n Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: C-S-bn-e°m-Sn-se Hm-e-°m-cØn ao-\m-£n (85).

_m-e-cm-a-]p-cw: a-[y-h-b-kv-I-s\ s{S-bn≥-X-´n a-cn® \n-e-bn¬ I-s-≠Øn. ]m-∏-\w-tIm-Sv tXm-∏p-hn-f Xm-tg-°p-∂p-hn-f ho-´n¬ D-Æn-Ir-jv-W≥ (60) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se- D-®-bv-°v 1.30\m-bn-cp-∂p ]m-∏\w-tIm-Sv F-tÃ-‰n-\v k-ao-]-sØ sd-bn¬-th {Sm°n¬ ar-X-tZ-lw I-≠Xv. t\-aw t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p. arX-tZ-lw sa-Un-°¬-tIm-f-Pv tam¿-®-dn-bn¬. `m-cy: h-k-¥-Ip-am-cn. a-°ƒ: {io-P, {io-tZ-hn, I-Æ≥. a-cpa°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, cm-Po-hv.

A-¦-W-hm-Sn So-¨À s{S-bn³X-«n a-cn-¨p

t]m-Ø≥-tImSv: t]-cpØ-e A-¶-W-hm-Sn-bn-se So®¿ h¿-°-e t]m-Ø≥tIm-Sv bp.]n.F- n-\p kao-]w \-μ-\Øn¬ jo-eP (42) s{S-bn≥X-´n a-cn®p. _p-[-\mgv-N cm-hn-se 10\v I-Wn-bm-]p-cw sdbn¬-th tÃj-\p ap∂n ¬ C‚¿-kn-‰n F-Iv-kv-{]kv B-Wv X-´n-bXv. aw-K-e-]p-cw t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn®p. ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬-tImfPv tam¿-®-dn-bn¬. `¿-Ømhv: jmPn. a°ƒ: A-jn-am jmPn, A-jm-¥v jmPn. kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv.

X-«n-¸ptI-kn-se {]-XnXq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

tIm-´-bw: ap-°p-]-≠w ]-W-b-s∏-Sp-Øn X-´n-∏p \-SØm≥ {i-an-® tI-kn-se {]-Xn-sb Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn. X-an-gv-\m-Sv Un-≠n-K¬ Im-Wm-hmbn¬-s∏-´n kz-tZ-in i-in-Ip-am¿ (27) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw _-‘p°ƒ- G-‰p-hm-ßn.

F ^n-tdm-kv ssl-t¡m-S-Xn-bn ssI-¯-dn-: tI-{µ-\-S-]-Sn{]-Xn-tj-[mÀ-lw-þ ]n-W-dm-bn ho-−pw Pm-aym-t]-£ \Â-In sIm-®n: F.Un._n hm-bv] - m X-´n∏p-tI-kn¬ ]n.B¿.Un ap≥ Ub-dŒ - ¿ F ^n-tdm-kv ssl-t°mS-Xn-bn¬ ho-≠pw Pm-aym-t]-£ \¬-In. A-dà - n-em-bn 48 Zn-hk - w I-gn-™n-´pw Ip-‰-]-{Xw k-a¿-∏n°m-Ø km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ Pmayw A-\p-h-Zn-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏-´m-Wv A-t]-£. l-c-Pn ]-cnK-Wn-® P-Ãn-kv F-kv F-kv kXo-i-N-{μ≥ hm-Zw ]q¿-Øn-bm°n hn-[n ]-db - m≥ am-‰n. F.Un._n hm-bv-] kw-L-Sn∏n-®p-\¬-Im-sa-∂p hm-Kv-Zm-\w \¬-In k-enw F-∂ hy-‡nbn¬ \n-∂p 2009¬ 40.20 e-£w X-´n-sb-Sp-Ø-Xn-\m-Wv ^n-tdmkn-s\-bpw k-cn-Xs - b-bpw _n-Pp-

hn-s\-bpw {]-Xn-bm-°n Xn-cp-h\ - ¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Ø-Xv. F.Un._n D-tZym-K-ÿ-\m-bn _n-Pp-hpw Nm¿-t´-Uv A-°u≠‚m-bn k-cn-X-bpw ^n-tdm-kv F.Un._n \-b -D-]-tZ-i-I-\mbpw N-a-™v X-´n-∏p-\-S-Øn-sb∂m-Wv tI-kv. {]-Xn-^-e-am-bn A-©p-e-£w cq-]-bpw tam-Xn-chpw lyq-≠m-bv Im-dpw ^n-tdm-kv ssI-∏‰ - nbncp∂p. F-∂m¬, \n-c] - c - m-[n-bm-sW∂v Nq-≠n-°m-´n-bm-Wv ^n-tdm-kv Pm-aym-t]-£ \¬-In-b-Xv. 2010¬ _n-Pp-hn-s\-bpw k-cn-Xsb-bpw A-dà - v sN-øp-tºmƒ- Xs‚ sam-gnbpw A-t\z-j-W kw-

Lw tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xm-sW∂pw k-cn-Xb - pw _n-Pp-hpw h-©n°p-I-bm-bn-cp-s∂-∂pw A-t]£-bn¬ ^n-tdm-kv ]-db - p-∂p. ^ntdmkv ssl-t°m-S-Xnbn¬ k-a¿-]n-® Pm-aym-t]-£ t\-c-tØ X-≈n-bn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿∂m-Wv I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw ho≠pw A-t]-£n-®-Xv. C-Xn-\n-sS tk-fm¿ tI-kn-se H-∂mw {]-Xn _n-Pp cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥ B-Zy-`mcy-sb sIm-∂-tI-kn¬ \¬-Inb Pm-aym-t]-£ P-kv-‰n-kv F-kv F-kv k-Xo-i-N-{μ≥ Xn-¶-fm-gvN-tØ-°p am-‰n. tI-kn¬ D-S≥ Ip-‰-]-{Xw k-a¿-∏n-°p-sa-∂v k¿-°m¿ ssl-t°m-S-Xn-sb A-dn-bn-®p.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ssI-Ø-dn- hyh-km-b- ]-T-\-k-an-Xn-bn¬ tI-c-fØn-\v {]m-Xn-\n-[yw \¬-Im-ØtI-{μ-k¿-°m¿- \-S-]-Sn- {]-Xn-tj[m¿-l-am-sW-∂v- kn-.]n.-Fw- kwÿm-\- sk-{I-´-dn- ]n-W-dm-bn- hnP-b-≥.- ssI-Ø-dn- hy-h-km-bsØ- ]p-\-cp-≤-cn-°m-\pw- kw-c£n-°m-\p-am-bn- tI-{μ- sS-Ivssì- a-{¥m-e-bw- cq-]o-I-cn-®]-T-\-k-an-Xn-bn¬- tI-c-fw- H-gn-sIbp-≈- F-´p kw-ÿm-\-ß-fn-sesS-Iv-ssì- lm-≥-Uv-eqw- U-b-dŒ¿-am-sc- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠-v.F-∂m¬,- H-t∂-Im¬- e-£-Øn-e[n-Iw- sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS- Po-hnXm-{i-b-am-b- tI-c-f-Øn-se- ssIØ-dn- ta-J-e-tbm-Sp- Im-´n-b- A-hK-W-\-bm-Wv- k-an-Xn-bn¬- tI-c-f-

Øn-\v- {]m-Xn-\n-[yw- \¬-Im-Xn-cp∂-sX-∂v ]n-W-dm-bn hm¿-Øm°p-dn-∏n¬ Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øn.kw-ÿm-\-sØ- ssI-Ø-dn-taJ-e- {]-Xn-k-‘n-bn-epw- X-I¿-®bn-ep-am-Wv.- ssI-Ø-dn- kw-L-ßfp-sS- I-Sw- F-gp-Xn-Ø-≈p-∂-Xn-\vtI-{μ- _-P-‰n¬- 2010¬- {]-Jym-]n®- 3884 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS- B-izmk-\-S-]-Sn- C-Xp-h-sc- ]q¿-Øn-bm°n-bn-´n-√.- 785 kw-L-߃- c-Pnÿ- sN-bv-Xn-´p-≈- C-hn-sS- 124 kwL-߃-°p- am-{X-ta- C-Xp-h-sck-lm-b-[-\w- \¬-In-bn-´p-≈q.tI-c-f-Øn-se- ssI-Ø-dn- hy-hkm-b-sØ- kw-c-£n-°m-≥ {]tXy-I- \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ- tI-{μ-k¿°m¿- kzo-I-cn-°-W-sa-∂pw- ]nW-dm-bn- B-h-iy-s∏-´p.

Un.ssh.-F-^v.sF. {]-hÀ-¯-I-s\ aÀ-±n-¨ F-kv.sF¡v kkvs]³j³ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap-Jy-a{¥n-°pw a-{¥n sI ]n taml-\-\p-sa-Xn-tc {]-Xn-tj-[n®- Un.ssh.-F-^v.sF {]h¿-Ø-I-s\ a¿-±n-® Fkv.F-.sb k-kv-s]-≥-Uv sNbv-Xp. ]q-¥p-d t]m-en-kv kv-t‰j-\n-se t{K-Uv F-kv.sF hn-P-b-Zm-kn-s\-bm-Wv k-kvs]≥-Uv sN-bv-X-Xv. kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v At\z-jn-® kv-s]-jy¬ {_m©v Un-ssh.F-kv.]n-bp-sS dn-t]m¿-´n-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\Øn-em-Wv \-S-]-Sn.


Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2013-09-05