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thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

15 BKkvXv 2013 hymgw

`m-cy-sb tIm-S-Xn-h-f-¸n sh-«n-s¡m-¶ tI-kn-se {]-Xn ]-tcm-fn-en-d-§n Xq-§n-a-cn-¨p B-an-\

Zm-tam-Z-c³

\m-Wn-A-½

I-eym-Wn-A-½

D-½-¨

Ip-ªn-cm-a³

sIm-¨p-½³

I-eym-Wn

_m-ep-t»-cn: I-cn-bmØ≥-Im-hn-se X-øp-≈Xn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-ΩZn-s‚ `m-cy H-X-tbm-Øv B-an-\ (85). a-°ƒ: ssk-\, sam-bv-Xo≥-tImb (dn-´. ]-©m-b-Øv ¢m¿-°v), ap-l-Ω-Zv _jo¿ (tlm-´¬, _m-ept»-cn), d-^o-Jv (A-[ym]-I≥, sI.sI. In-Sm-hv kv-Iqƒ tN-en-b), dw-e, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-bn-i-°p´n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_°¿ (A-d-∏o-Sn-I), ap-lΩ-Zv (h-≈n-tbm-Øv), Bbn-i, kp-l-d, \-ko-d, ]tc-X-\m-b t]m-°¿ It°m-Sn.

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: dn-´. U-]yq´n F-Iv-km-an-\¿ (tem°¬ ^-≠v Hm-Un-‰v Un]m¿-´v-sa‚ v) sI Zm-tam-Zc≥ (89). -tI-c-f s]≥-jt\-gv-kv A-tkm-kn-tbj≥, {io-I-Wv-tT-iz-c t£-{Xw, tIm-´q-fn Ab¬-∏-°-th-Zn F-∂n-hbp-sS t\-Xr-\n-c-bn¬ {]h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂p. ]-d-bt©-cn kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A[ym-]n-I ]n Fw tZ-hn-bmWv `m-cy. a-°ƒ: A-\n-X, B-\-μ-a-Wn (F-≥Pn-\ob¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: kn P-bIr-jv-W≥ (I-°m-´v {Kq∏v, am-ln), jo-e (_-Pm-Pv A-e-b≥-kv, tIm-gn-t°mSv). sI.]n.kn.kn P-\-d-¬ sk-{I-´-dn A-Uz. ]n Fw kp-tc-jv-_m-_p `m-cym k-tlm-Z-c-\m-Wv. k-©-b\w Rm-bdmgvN.

Nn-ß-]p-cw: ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°≥-Im-´n¬ cm-a≥ am-Ã-dp-sS `m-cy a-tdm-fn®-°-≠n \m-Wn-A-Ω (94). a-°ƒ: Pm-\p-A-Ω, cm-L-h≥, I-a-em-£n, ]Xva-\m-`≥ (_n.sP.]n Pn√m ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v), h-k-¥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tcX-\m-b sN-dp-Ip-∂p-Ω¬ Ip-™n-cm-a≥, ]-tc-X-bmb {]-k-∂, In-g-°-bn¬ cm-L-h≥-\m-b¿, tim-`\, ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-S-h‚hn-S Ip-™n-b-\-¥≥ \mb¿.

ap-°w: Im-™n-c-Øn߬ H-tdm-°p-∂p-Ω¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-ap-Æn-\mb-cp-sS `m-cy I-eym-WnA-Ω (88). a-°ƒ: Kw-Km[-c≥ \m-b¿, \m-cm-bW≥ \m-b¿, tZ-h-In-AΩ, cm-a-N-{μ≥ \m-b¿, ]Xva\m-`≥, hn-P-b≥ (t]m-kv-‰v Hm-^n-kv F≥.sF.Sn). a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-£v-an-°p-´n-A-Ω, X-¶a-Wn, cm-L-h≥-\m-b¿, kp-aw-K-e, hn-P-b-e-£van, {io-P. k-©-b-\w Rm-bdmgvN.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: ]-Øm-eØv tIm-´-hm-Xp-°¬ Ip™n-cm-a≥ (73). `m-cy: am-[-hn. a-°ƒ: A-Pn-X, P-b-{io, _n-μp, _-n-Pp (^n-‰¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: Pb≥, K-tW-i≥, k-Pn¬. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \m-cm-bWn, Pm-\p, I-eym-Wn, ]tc-X-\m-b tKm-]m-e≥ \m-b¿. k-©-b-\w sh≈nbmg-vN.

k-Pn tPm-k-^v

A-¸n-\p- \-¼ymÀ

Hm-a-t»-cn: s]m-cp-t∂-SØv k-Pn tPm-k-^v (43). `m-cy: jo-e. a-°ƒ: sU¬-\, A¬-t^m¨k.

Nn-cp-tX-bn-¡p-«n -A-½ ta-∏-øq¿: X-d-h-´-Øv ]tc-X-\m-b tI-f-∏-°p-dp∏n-s‚ `m-cy A-h-´m-´v Nncp-tX-bn-Ip-´n-A-Ω (90). a-I≥: tKm-hn-μ≥. a-cp-aIƒ: Ko-X (ss]-tXmØv).

FI-cq¬: D°®n-bn¬ A-ΩZv-tIm-b (65). `mcy: P-ao-e. a°ƒ: \n-bmkv, \nlm¿, \-Pmkv. a-øn-Øv \-a-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v F-I-cq¬ Pp-ama-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

h-´n-{]w-: sIm-Ωn-te-cn- a\-bn¬- A-∏n-\p- \ºym¿ (91)-.`m-cy-: ]-tc-X-bm-b tZ-hIn.- a-°ƒ-: kp-[m-a-Wn (A-[ym-]n-I, h-´n-{]wbp-.]n- kv-Iqƒ),- sI _mlp-te-b≥ -(F¬.sF.kn-. Fw-tπm-bo-kvbq-\n-b≥- tIm-gn-t°m-SvUn-hn-j≥- tPm-bn‚ vsk-{I-´-dn).- a-cp-a-°ƒ-: sI kn- D-Æn-Ir-jv-W≥-,P-b-{io.-

ap-°w: sN-dp-hm-Sn s\-®n°m-´v sam-bv-Xo-s‚ `m-cy D-Ωm-® (64). a-°ƒ: A–p-¿-d-lv-am≥ (A-[ym-]I≥, U-b-‰v h-S-I-c), Ban-\, P-am¬ (sI.Fw.kn.kn Zp_bv), k-eow, _-jo¿ (anw-kv B-ip-]-{Xn, tImgn-t°m-Sv), C-ºn-®n-_m-h (Zp-_-bv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ban-\, bq-k-^v, jm-°n-d, apw-Xm-kv, l¿-lm-\, \mPn-b. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\p sN-dphm-Sn ]p-Xn-tbm-Øv Pp-ama-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

\-√-fw: hn-ap-‡-`-S≥ ap≠p-a-Æn¬ k-Pn \n-hmkn¬ Fw F-kv sIm-®pΩ≥ (72). `m-cy: Hm-en-°¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw km-dm-Ω (dn-´. So-®¿, \-√-fw K-h. kvIqƒ). a-°ƒ: Pm≥-kn (ap-Xp-Im-Sv bp.]n \n-eºq¿), sk-en≥ (ap°q¿), km-P≥ D-Ω≥ (sI.B¿.sI _n-kn-\kv tIm¿-]-td-j≥), kt¥m-jv D-Ω≥ (]-∂n-b¶-c tÃ-j≥). a-cp-a-°ƒ: tXm-a-kv-°p-´n (A-Spt°m-en¬, \n-e-ºq¿), tdm-bv sF-]v (sIm-®p-h-Sh-\ ap-°q¿), t{K-kn (]oSn-I-bn¬ \n-e-ºq¿), do-\ D-Ω≥ (h-S-t°-ap-dn-bn¬ ap-°q¿). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂vv D-®-bv-°v H-cp a-Wn-°v h-k-Xn-bn-se ip-{iq-j-bv°p ti-jw sh-Ãv-ln¬ am-¿-tØm-am ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬.

am-ln: sN-dp-I-√m-bn-bnse A-Ωp-Ip-´n A-Ω (85). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b \m-cm-b-W≥.

_m-ep-t»-cn: Xn-cp-hmt©-cn-s∏m-bn¬ Im-tdmd-a-e-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™n-°-Æ-s‚ `m-cy In-g-t°-e-Øv I-eym-Wn (82). a-°ƒ: F≥ sI Ir-jv-W≥ (dn-´. B-bp¿th-Z B-ip-]-{Xn, ]-\mbn), F≥ sI k-Zm-\μ≥ (dn-´. ]-©m-b-Øv h-Ip-∏v, Xm-a-c-t»-cn), X¶-a-Wn, F≥ sI t{]a≥ (c-iv-an ssS-te-gv-kv, _-m-ep-t»-cn), c-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-flm-h-Xn (sImSp-h-≈n), cm-[m-a-Wn (Dt≈y-cn), sI ]n \m-cmb-W≥ (]q-°m-Sv), kn\n (Hm-a-t»-cn), t{]-a-cmP≥ h-cn-´ym-°v (sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn. ss{Uh¿, Xm-a-c-t»-cn). ktlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-cmb C-ºn-®n (dn-´. {]-[m\-[ym-]-I≥, ]p-∂-t»cn sh-Ãv F.bp.]n. kvIqƒ), Ip-™n-cm-c-∏-≥ (Im-c-°p-∂-Øv), Ip-´nam-fp, A-Ωp (C-cp-h-cpw ]p-√m-fq¿). k-©-b-\w Rm-b-dm-gv-N.

kp-{_-lv-a-Wy³

B-an-\-

e-£v-an-¡p-«n-b-½

sX-°≥-Ip-‰q¿: Xn-øm-SØv _m-e-kp-{_-lvaWy≥ \m-b¿ (74). sX°≥-Ip-‰q¿ {io-]-g-b-SØv in-h-t£-{Xw ap≥ sk-{I-´-dn-bm-Wv. `m-cy: I-a-ew. a-°ƒ: a-[p-kq-Z\≥ (bp.F.C), ko-a, {io-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b{io, kp-tc-jv, D-Æn-°rjv-W≥. kw-kv-Im-cw cmhn-se F-´n-\v.

F-S-°-c: X-ºp-cm≥-Ip∂n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b s\®n-tbm-´n¬ A-l-Ω-Zns‚ `m-cy B-an-\ (74). a°ƒ: lw-k, A-ssk≥, _-jo¿, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: ssk-\-_, -dw-eØv, D-ssa-a-Øv, Ip-™nap-l-Ω-Zv. J-_-d-S-°w C∂v cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v Im-°-∏-c-X J-_¿ÿm≥ ]-≈n-bn¬.

th-ß-c: Du-c-Iw ta¬ap-dn-bn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-º-aw-K-e-Øv Ip-amc≥-\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy tIm-¶-S e-£v-an-°p-´nb-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: \mcm-b-W≥, ao-\m-£n, DÆn-Ir-jv-W≥, kp-tcjv-_m-_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-¶-Pm-£≥, Ko-X, Pb-{io, cm-[n-I.

sam-bv-Xn- lm-Pn ta-∏-øq¿: Im-c-bm-s´ F-S-°p-‰n-t»-cn ]n Fw sam-bv-Xn- lm-Pn (85). `mcy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: A-h-dm≥- lm-Pn, jm-\-hm-kv (Zp-_bv), ]m-Øp-Ω, A-eo-a, kpss_-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C{_m-low -lm-Pn, ap-lΩ-Zv-tIm-b (]q-\-Øv), Pao-e, km-_n-d, ]-tc-X\m-b D-a¿- lm-Pn.

A-½Zv-tIm-b

A-Ðp-Ã-¡p-«n au-e-hn

]-ø-∂q¿: A-∂q¿ F.]n.F.kn-°-Sp-Øv ta-se-Øv ho-´n¬ Ip™n-cm-a≥ \-ºym¿ (96). X-fn-∏-d-ºv Xr-®w-_-cw kz-tZ-in-bm-Wv. `m-cy: ]tc-X-bm-b \m-cm-bWnA-Ω. a-°ƒ: I-a-em£n, b-tim-Z, im-c-Z, am[-h≥,N-{μ-a-Xn, ]-tc-X\m-b P-\m¿-Z-\≥.

C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g Xptºm-en-se \m-kn-em a≥-kn-en¬ sI sI A–p-√-°p-´n au-e-hn (85). I-Æq¿ a-c-°m¿I-≠nbn-se B-Zy-Im-e a-Zv-dkm A-[ym-]-I-\m-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: Ip-∂p-{º-Øv sse-e. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ A-kokv, A-–p¬ _-jo¿, apl-Ω-Zv A-iv-d-^v (A-Pvam≥), C-Jv-_m¬, lnem¬, ap-l-Ω-Zv dm-ln¬ (sN-ss∂), \m-kn-e. acp-a-°ƒ: P-ao-e, d-jo-Z, ^m-C-Z, \-^o-k,, dp-_o\, B-en-°p-´n.

_o-hp-D-½

dp-Jn-b

A-Ðp l-ao-Zv

I-a-e³

tNm-bn-¡p-«n -

s]m-∂m-\n: Ip-‰n-°m´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b kpsse-am-s‚ `m-cy _ohp-D-Ω (85). a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-tamƒ, _o-°p-´n, dm-_n-b, ^m-Øn-Ω, l-\o-^ (k-em-e), dw-e.a-cp-a°ƒ: _m-h, Im-kv-an, lw-k, jw-kp, ap-\o-d, \u-jm-Zv.

sN-Ω-¶-S-hv: tNm-e°-en-se B-ep-߬ dp-Jn-b (60). a-I≥: A-–p¬- I-cow F-∂ \m-Wn (a-°). acp-a-Iƒ: Xzm-ln-d. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: DÆo≥-Ip-´n apkveym¿, A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´n, ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, \_o-k.

tIm-Uq¿: a-ßm-´p-]p-ew ]-te-t°m-S≥ A-–p¬ l-ao-Zv (A-–p-˛72). `mcy: a-dn-bp-Ω. a-°ƒ: i-d^p-±o≥, k-eow(dn-bm-Zv), jw-kp-±o≥ (Ip-sshØv), kz-^n-ø, ^u-knb. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-®n-߬ bq-kp-^v, ]-≈n-sØm-Sn A-–p-k-emw, d-ko-\, im-ln-\.

F-S-°-c: ap-t≠-cn hnØp-Ir-jn-tØm-´-Ønse dn-´. sXm-gn-em-fn-bmb X-ºp-cm-´n-°-√n-se Xøn¬ I-a-e≥ (57). `m-c-y: tdm-k. a-°ƒ: \n-jm¬, \n-Jn¬, \n-[n≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: {]n-b, hn-\o-X. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse 10\v ]m-ep-≠ iv-aim-\-Øn¬.

Du¿-ßm-´n-cn: In-W-d-S∏≥ \m-Zm-t°m-S≥ tNmbn-°p-´n (A-∏p˛88). `mcy: Im-fn-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, hn-Pb≥, \m-cm-b-Wn, \n¿-Ωe, kp-tem-N-\, c-Xn, kp[. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bWn, im-c-Z, ]p-jv-]-cmP≥, l-cn-Zm-k≥, Zmk≥, k-Pn, ]-tc-X-\m-b th-Wp.

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \-¼ymÀ

A-½p-Ip-«n-b-½

Nm-e-°p-Sn: `m-cy-sb tIm-S-Xn-h-f-∏n¬-h-®v sh-´ns°m-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-b tI-kn-se {]-Xn ]-tcm-fn-en-dßn Xq-ßn-a-cn-®p.- t]m-´-˛-tam-kv-tIm Ip-‰n-em≥Iq-´w th-ep F-∂ th-em-bp-[-s\(50)-bm-Wv X-dhm-´p-ho-Sn-\p ]n-∂n-se a-c-Øn¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Ønb-Xv.- ]q-P-∏p-c sk≥{S¬ P-bn-en¬ \n-∂p ]-tcm-fn-en-d-ßn-b Cbmƒ Rm-b-dm-gv-N Xncn-®p-t]m-th-≠-Xm-bncp-∂p. 13- h¿-j-߃-°p ap-ºv `m-cy-sb tIm-S-Xn-h-f-∏n¬ sIm-e-s∏-SpØn-b tI-kn-¬ th-em-bp-[≥ Po-h-]-c-¥yw X-Shp-in-£ A-\p-`-hn-®p-h-cp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- kw-`h-Øn-\v ti-jw H-cn-°¬-t]m-epw C-bmƒ Pm-ayØn-en-d-ßn-bn-´n-√.- 1997¬ `m-cy sse-Pn-sb tImS-Xn-h-f-∏n¬ sh´-s°m-∂ kw`hw tIm-fnf-°w kr-jv-Sn-®n-cp-∂p.- _-‘w th¿-s∏-SpØm≥ Ip-Spw-_-tIm-S-Xn-bn-se-Øn-b-t∏m-gm-bncp-∂p CXv.- kz-¥-am-bn ho-Sn-√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ ]tcm-fn¬ h-cp-tºm-sg-√mw X-d-hm-´p-ho-´n-em-bn-cp∂p Xm-a-kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. Nm-e-°p-Sn t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

H-am-\n a-cn-¨ bp-hm-hn-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw \m-«n-se-¯n-¡pw

sN-dp-]p-g: H-am-\n¬ a-cn® bp-hm-hn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂v \m-´n-se-Øn-°pw. tN-∏m-tØm-´n-se Sn hn X¶-cm-P≥-˛-tim-`-\ Z-º-XnI-fp-sS a-I≥ c-Pn-¬ BWv a-cn-®-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v I-°-d s]m-Xp-iv-a-im-\Øn¬. aq-∂p-am-kw ap-ºmbn-cp-∂p c-Pn¬- tPm-en-°m-bn hn-tZ-i-Øp t]m-b-Xv. H-am-\n-se ep-ep am-fn-em-bn-cp-∂p tPm-en. k-tlm-Zc≥: A-Jn¬.

s{S-bn³ X-«n- a-cn-¨p

sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: bp-hm-hv s{S-bn≥ X-´n-a-cn-®p. sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿ Ip-∂n-en-se ]n Fw d-^o-JmWv (43) a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se Ip-∂n¬ K-Ãv lukv {Sm-°n-em-Wv ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. cm-hnse Iq-en-th-e-°m-sW-∂v ]-d-™v ho-´n¬ \n-∂n-dßn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b lp-ªn- sambv-Xo≥. am-Xm-hv: B-kyp-Ω. `m-cy: dp-_o-\. k-tlmZ-c-߃: \m-k¿, ap-kv-X-^, kp-l-d, k-Io-\, ssk\-_, ^u-kn-b.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

X-e-t»-cn: s]m-∂yw Ip-≠p-Nn-d ]p-e-cn hm-b-\-ime-bv-°p k-ao-]-sØ \m-a-Øv ho-´n¬ cm-P-s\ (45) ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. C-bm-fpsS `m-cy- aq-∂p-am-kw {]m-b-am-b Ip-™n-s\-bpw sIm-≠v t\-c-sØ B-fl-l-Xy sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. Cu tI-kp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v t]m-en-kv c-Pn-kv-‰¿ sN-bvX tI-kn¬ dn-am‚n-em-bn-cp-∂ cm-P≥ Pm-ay-Øn-en-dßn-b Zn-h-k-am-Wv Xq-ßn-a-cn-®-Xv.

ho-Sn-\p ap-I-fn \n-¶p ho-Wv a-cn-¨p a-½m-Zn-b -

A-h-dm³ lm-Pn

i-¦-c³-Ip-«n- \m-bÀ -

sam-bv-Xo³-Ip-«n

\-Po-_v- -

sam-bv-Xo³-Ip-«n

ap-l-½-Zv \n-bm-Zv-

ao-\m-£n

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: sh-fn-ap°v Ip-d-∏-Øv X-S-Øn¬ aq-k-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy aΩm-Zn-b (92). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn, A-–p-¿dlvv-am≥, ]m-Øp-Ωp, ssk-\-_, J-Zo-P.

tIm-´-°¬: Im-h-Xn-Ifw Im-hp-߬ A-h-dm≥ lm-Pn (71). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: ssa-aq-\, k-^nb, kp-ss_-Z, dw-e. a-cpa-°ƒ: Ip-™m-e≥-lmPn, ssk-X-e-hn, ]-tc-X\m-b lw-k, B-Zw.

hm-g-°m-Sv: A-\-¥m-bq¿ H-Sp-ßm-´v {io-\n-e-bw i¶-c≥-Ip-´n \m-b¿ (71). dn´. ]-©m-b-Øv sk-{I-´dn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: eoem-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: {io-Pp, {io-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-iz\m-Y≥, hn-Zy.

]p-Xp-∏-d-ºv: X-d-Ω¬ sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n (64). a°ƒ: d-kn-b, A-–p-√Øo-^v, kp-l-d, ap-l-ΩZ-en, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (jm¿-P), kn-±o-Jv (kuZn), k-eow.

I-cp-hm-c-°p-≠v: ]q-f°p-∂n-se \-Sp-Ø-f-b≥ \-Po-_v (45). am-Xm-hv: ^m-Øn-a. `m-cy: l-^v-k-Øv. a°ƒ: k-\q-]v, im-°n-d, ap-lv-kn-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Pw-jo¿, ap-kv-X-^.

sIm-≠n-]-dºv: ]-tet°m-S≥ sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip´n (66). `mcy: ^m-Øn-a. a°ƒ: ss^k¬, en-bmJ-Øen, d-Po-\, j-ao¿, Pw-jo¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: djoZv, d-Po-\, j-ao-d, Xzmln-d.

F-S-°-c: Nm-Øw-ap-≠ kp¬-Øm≥-]-Sn-bn-se s]-cp-h≥-Ip-gn-b≥ A_v-Zp¬ -I-co-an-s‚ aI≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv \n-bm-Zv (15). am-Xm-hv: dp-_o-\. k-tlm-Z-cn: ss\-\m ^m-Øn-a.

s]m-∂m-\n: B-\-∏-Sn ]tc-X-\m-b ]p-t√-∏p-d-Øv A-d-ap-J-s‚ `m-cy ao-\m£n (80). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se F-´n-\v Ip-‰n-°m-Sv iv-a-im-\Øn¬.

Nm-e-°p-Sn: tIm-Sm-en ap-cn-°p-ß-en¬ \n¿-am-W-Ønen-cp-∂ ho-Sn-\p ap-I-fn¬ \n-∂p In-W-‰n¬ ho-Wv sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-®p. sN-ßm-eq¿ Ip-≠p-I-S-hv Im-tcyßm-´n¬ ]≈n-bp-sS a-I≥ kp-\n¬-Ip-am-dm-(42)Wv acn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-Ign-™v \m-en-\m-bn-cp-∂p A-]I-Sw. ]p-Xp-°m-Sv \n-∂p ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv F-Øn- I-cbv-s°Sp-sØ-¶nepw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-e°p-Sn Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬. `m-cy: ]m¿-h-Xn-. a-°ƒ: hn-]n≥, hn-kv-a-b, ssI-em-kv.

^m-¯n-a

kp-{_-lv-a-Wy³

Ir-jW -v ³- \m-bÀ

Pm-\p-A-½

\m-cm-b-Wn-A-½

B-an-\

_n-¨m-¯p

am-e-Xn

Ip-ªp-sam-bv-Xn

am-Xp A-½

^-tdm-°v: A-c-°n-W¿ F ]n ap-l-Ω-ZvtIm-b-bpsS `m-cy tIm-S-ºp-g Nmen¬ tXm-´p-߬ ^mØn-a (62). a-°ƒ: d-jo-Z, ^u-kn-b. a-cp-a-I≥: A_p-´n t_-∏q¿. k-tlm-Z-c߃: l-k≥ lm-Pn, A_q-_-°-¿, P-eo¬, iwkp-±o≥, J-Zo-P, ]-tc-X\m-b A-–p-¿-d-lv-am≥.

Im-cm-Sv: Ip-∂-sØm-Sn kp-{_-lv-a-Wy≥ (68). `mcy: ]-Xvan-\n. a-°ƒ: \oX, kp-\n-X, kp-_n-X, kpPn-X, jn-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: c-Lp ]p-Xp-t°m-Sv, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿ Ip-‰-e-ßm-Sn, c-hn ^m-dq-Jv tIm-f-Pv, tcm-l≥-Zm-kv ]p-Xp-t°mSv, cm-Po-hv cm-a-\m-´p-I-c. k-©-b-\w Rm-b-dm-gv-N.

\-cn-°p-\n: ]p-∂-t»-cn ]o-Sn-I-°-≠n ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Pm-\p-A-Ω (70). a-°ƒ: Kw-Km-[-c≥ (dn-´. A-[ym]-I≥ ]p-h-ºm-bn sslkv-Iqƒ), P-b-{io (A-[ym]n-I, ]p-∂-t»-cn sh-Ãv F.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ). a-cp-a°ƒ: hn-P-b-\p-Æn, P-e-P (A-[ym-]n-I ]q-h-ºm-bn ssl-kv-Iqƒ).

]-tøm-fn: C-cn-ß-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]o-Sn-I-°≠n A-∏p-\-ºym-cp-sS `mcy \m-cm-b-Wn-A-Ω (88). a-°ƒ: ]-Xva-\m-`≥, `mkv-I-c≥, I-a-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]u¿-W-an i-¶¿, kp-io-e, k-tcm-Pm-tZ-hn. k-©-b-\w i-\nbmgvN.

a-S-hq¿: sIm-´-°m-h-b-ense ]-tc-X-\m-b tN-\®mw-I-≠n-bn¬ sam-bvXo≥-tIm-b-bp-sS `m-cy B-an-\ (75). a-Iƒ: ]-tcX-bm-b A-eo-a. k-tlm-Zc-߃-: ap-l-Ω-Zm-Pn, ]mØp-tΩ-bv, a-dn-b-°p-´n, \^o-k, ssk-\-_, ]-tcX-cm-b Im-Xr-°p-´n, sNdn-b-Ω-Zv, aq-k.

ao-©-¥: ]-tc-X-\m-b D≈n-t»-cn-°p-∂v F≥ ]n B-en-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy kn ]n _n-®m-Øp (73). a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, d-joZv, I-®p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn ]n j-l-\m-kv, Xm-ln-d. k-tlm-Z-c≥: kn ]n ssk-X-e-hn. a-øn-Øv \a-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10.30\v I-Æw-]-d-ºv ]-≈n-bn¬.

am-Ø-d: ta-e-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b A-∏p-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy am-e-Xn (72). a°ƒ: cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, cLq-Ø-a≥, tam-l≥-Zmk≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, Hm-a-\Ip-am-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-jo\, do-P, kn-‘p, _m-_p ]m-em-º-e-Øv, ]-tc-Xbm-b Ko-X. k-©-b-\w sh-≈nbmgvN.

In-\m-eq¿: B-\-°p-≠p߬ Ip-™p-sam-bv-Xn (59). `m-cy: ^m-Xzn-a. a°ƒ: ssa-aq-\-Øv, Pm^¿, bm-kn¿. a-cp-a-I≥: C-eym-kv F-e-Øq¿.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: aq-Sm-Sn ]m-®m-°¬ s\-Sn-bm-≠n am-Xp-A-Ω (85). `¿-Ømhv: \m-cm-b-W≥ \m-b¿. a-°ƒ: Zm-tam-Z-c≥, ]-fl\m-`≥, Ip-™n-cm-a≥, ao\m-£n-A-Ω, kp-a-Xn. k©-b-\w Rm-bdmgvN.

B-bn-i I-Æq¿: a-©-∏m-e-sØ ]n ]n B-bn-i (]p-a-˛85). ]-tc-X-\m-b A-_v-Zp- Øm-dn-s‚ `m-cy-bm-Wv. a°ƒ: ]n ]n sam-bv-Xo≥ tkTv (-tZ-im-`n-am-\n IÆq¿ Su¨ G-P‚ v), sse-e, P-ao-e, ]-tc-X-cmb ap-_m-d-Iv, P-∫m¿,- Pm^¿.

]-dº - n¬-_k - m¿: B-in¿hm-Zn¬ Xm-ak - n-°pw Xriq¿ hm-Sm-\∏ - ≈ - n ]m-es - ∏´n Ir-jW v- ≥ \ - m-b¿ (85). kw-kI v- m-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v am-hq¿-tdm-Uv iva - i - m-\Øn¬. `m-cy: k-ck - z-Xn AΩ. a-°ƒ: a-Wn-IW - vT≥ (a-lo-{μm Hm-t´m kvs - ]-tbgvk - v, \-S° - m-hv), \-fn-\n, apc-fn. a-cp-a° - ƒ: X-¶∏ - ≥, k-cn-X (ap-°w), Ko-X (_tØ-cn). k-©b - \ - w Rm-bkm-Pn-\ v- . I-Æq¿ kn-‰n: B-\-bn-Sp- dm-gN °v B-an-\m-kn¬ km-Pn- a-½p- lmPn \ (36). `¿-Øm-hv: ]n A- sh-≈a - p≠: Xcp-hW - _vZp-∂m-kn¿. a-°ƒ: C- bnse B-ZyIm-e hym-]mkm-\, dp-am≥. ]n-Xm-hv: cn-bm-bn-cp-∂ I-º a-Ωp]-tc-X-\m-b A-_v-Zp¬ lm-Pn (85). `mcy: B-bn-i. A-ko-kv. am-Xm-hv: B-an- a°ƒ: D-ka v- m≥, lm-cn-kv, \. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: apI-Zo-P, Bky, \-ko-a, \o¿, d-ao-kv, A¿-jn-\. kp-ss_-Z, P-ao-e, am-an.

C-cn-°q¿: ss]-k-°-cnbn-se ap-te-πm-°¬ Ir-jv-W³ \m-bÀ s]-cn-tßmw: ]m-Sn-tbm- tPm-kv (56). `m-cy: hm-cn ´p-Nm-en-se ]n-em-° Ir- Iq-Im-e sX-øm-Ω. ktlm-Z-c-߃: t_-_n jv-W≥ \m-b¿ (92). `m(dn-´. Po-h-\-°m-c≥, cy: e-£v-an. a-°ƒ: bss]-k-°-cn tZ-h-am-Xm tim-Z, \m-cm-W-b≥, N{μn-I, Ir-jv-W≥, ssl- ssl-kv-Iqƒ), ta-gv-kn a, [-\-cm-Pv (Zp-_-bv), i-c- (A-_qZ-_n), tPm-an, kXv cm-Pv, ]-tc-X-\m-b cm- Pn (e-≠≥), B≥-kn, B‚-Wn (A-_q-Z-_n). L-h≥.

A-XnÀ-¯n-bn sh-Sn-h-bv-]v Xp-S-cp-¶p; c-−p \p-g-ªp-I-b-ä-¡mÀ sIm-Ã-s¸-«p ]m-Iv \-S-]-Sn-sb A-]-e-]n-¨v C-cp-k-`-I-fpw {]-ta-bw ]m-km-¡n; ]m-Iv {]-ta-bw X-Ån P-Ωp/\yq-U¬-ln: A-Xn¿-Ønbn¬ sh-Sn-h-bv-]v Xp-S-cp-∂p. ]q©v Pn-√-bn¬ 16 C-¥y≥ Im-h¬∏p-c-Iƒ-°p t\-sc ]m-Iv tk-\ sh-Sn-h-bv-]p \-S-Øn. C-¥y≥ tk-\ Xn-cn-®-Sn-®p. I-gn-™ \mep-Zn-h-k-Øn-\n-sS C-Xv H-ºXmw-X-h-W-bm-Wp ]m-Iv tk-\ sh-Sn-\n¿-ج ew-Ln-°p-∂-Xv. ]q-©v Pn-√-bn-se sa-¥¿ ta-J-ebn-em-Wp ]m-Iv tk-\ sh-Sn-h-bv]v \-S-Øn-b-sX-∂p {]-Xn-tcm-[h-‡m-hv F-kv F≥ B-Nm-cy ]d-™p. b-{¥-tØm-°p-I-fpw tam¿´m-dp-I-fpw D-]-tbm-Kn-®v sNm-Δmgv-N A¿-[-cm-{Xn-bn¬ Xp-S-ßn-b sh-Sn-h-bv-]v C-∂-se-bpw Xp-S¿∂p. P-Ωp-I-iv-ao-cn-se Ip-]v-hm-c Pn-√-bn¬ \p-g-™p-I-b-‰w C¥y≥ tk-\ hn-^-e-am-°n. shSn-h-bv-]n¬ c-≠p \p-g-™p-I-b‰-°m¿ sIm-√-s∏-´p. A-Xn¿-Øn-

bn¬ In-c¨ sk-Œ-dn-em-Wv kw`-hw. A-Xn-\n-sS, ]m-Iv tk-\-bpsS \-S-]-Sn-sb i-‡-am-bn A-]e-]n-®p-sIm-≠v tem-Iv-k-`-bpw cm-Py-k-`-bpw {]-ta-bw ]m-km°n. A-¥m-cm-{„ A-Xn¿-Øn-bn-

epw \n-b-{¥-W-tc-J-bn-epw 2003se sh-Sn-\n¿-ج D-S-º-Sn hm-°n-epw {]-hr-Øn-bn-epw ]men-°m≥ ]m-Iv k¿-°m-cn-t\m-Sv C-¥y B-h-iy-s∏-´p. C-cp-cm-Pyß-fpw X-Ωn¬ k-am-[m-\ N¿-®Iƒ-°pw k-l-I-c-W-߃-°pw

tPm-kv

X- ø m- s d- S p- Ø p- s Im- ≠ n- c p- ∂ km-l-N-cy-Øn-em-Wp ]m-Iv tk\-bp-sS \-S-]-Sn-sb-∂pw {]-tabw Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øn. cm-Py-k-`bn¬ A-[y-£≥ lm-an-Zv A≥km-cn-bpw tem-Iv-k-`-bn¬ kv-]o°¿ ao-cm Ip-am-dpw {]-ta-bw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. C-¥y≥ tk-\-bv°pw P-\-X-bv-°pw t\-sc B-tcm]-W-߃ D-∂-bn-®p-sIm-≠v 13\v ]m-In-kv-Xm≥ ]m-km-°n-b {]-ta-bw X-≈p-∂-Xm-bpw C-h¿ k-`-I-sf A-dn-bn-®p.]m-In-kv-Xm≥ ssI-b-S-°n-h®n-cn-°p-∂ {]-tZ-i-apƒ-s∏-sS PΩp B‚ v I-iv-ao¿ kw-ÿm-\w C-¥y-bp-tS-Xm-sW-∂pw A-Xv F-°m-e-Øpw A-ß-s\-Ø-s∂ B-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂pw C-¥y {]-tab-Øn¬ hy-‡-am-°n. {]-ta-bw ]m-km-°p-tºmƒ {]-[m-\-a-{¥n a≥-tam-l≥-kn-Mv tem-Iv-k-`bn¬ k-∂n-ln-X-\m-bn-cp-∂p.-

ap-Jy-a-{´n-sb Hgn-hm¡n A-t\z-j-Ww Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡n-Ã: ]n-W-dm-bn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Pp-Uojy¬ A-t\z-j-W-Øn¬ apJy-a-{¥n-sb-bpw A-t±-lØn-s‚ Hm-^n-kn-s\-bpw Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-s√-¶n¬ At\z-j-Ww X-≈n-°-f-bp-sa∂v kn.-]n.-Fw. kw-ÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn ]n-W-dm-bn hn-Pb≥. ap-Jy-a-{¥n c-£-s∏-Sm≥ Ip-cp-´p-_p-≤n {]-tbm-Kn-°pI-bm-Wv. cm-Pn-h-bv-°pw-hsc C-S-Xp-]-£w k-a-cw Xp-Scpw. {]-t£m-`-Øn-s‚ L-´Øn-¬ D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n-°v apJy-a-{¥n-sb-∂ co-Xn-bn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-°m-sa-∂p I-cptX-≠. P-\-k-º-¿-°-am-bm-epw kw-k¿-K-am-bm-epw s]m-Xp]-cn-]m-Sn-bn-¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°msa-∂p hym-tam-ln-t°s-≠∂pw ]n-W-dm-bn hy-‡-am°n.

k-tcm-Pn-\n A-½ C-cn-°q¿: s]-cn-t¶m-∂nse ]n kn k-tcm-Pn-\n A-Ω (75). a-Iƒ: kp-temN-\. a-cp-a-I≥: N-{μ≥ (kn.sF.F-kv.F-^v). ktlm-Z-c-߃: e-£v-an, Ia-em-£n, c-a-Wn, cm-a-N{μ≥, Im¿-Øym-b-\n, ]tc-X-\m-b _m-e-Ir-jvW≥ \-ºym¿.

im-c-Z am-ln: sIm-tΩm-Øv]oSn-I ssX-°-≠n im-c-Z (63). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b hm-kp. a-I≥: {]tam-Zv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ssi-e-P, kp-tc-jv _m_p, {io-\n-hm-k≥, joe, {io-P-b≥.

kp-tc-{µ³ X-e-t»-cn: H.hn tdm-Unse hn≥-kv-t]m¿-´v sSbv-te-gv-kn-se sXm-gn-emfn I-Xn-cq¿ A-©mwssa-en-se Im-c-°p-∂v sN-dn-b Nm-tØm-Øv kp-tc-{μ≥ (65). `m-cy: kp-a. a-°ƒ: [-\o-jv, kp-j-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jmPn, kp-[n-\.

a-½p- lm-Pn X-cp-h-W: X-cp-h-W-bnse ]u-c-{]-ap-J-\pw AJn-te-¥ym ap-kv-enw- eoKv Pn-√m tPm-bn‚ v sk{I-´-dn-bp-am-bn-cp-∂ ]≈n-bm¬ a-Ωp- lm-Pn (85). `m-cy: ]m-Øp l÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv A-–p-√, D-kv-am≥, C{_m-low, P-ao-e, kpss_-Z, B-bn-i, jm-lnZ, k-do-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ku-Z, km-_n-d, j-°oe, D-kv-am≥, A-–p¿-dlvam≥, lp-ssk≥, JmZ¿, _-jo¿.

A-©p- a-e-bm-fn-IÄ¡v cm-{ã-]-Xn-bp-sS t]m-en-kv sa-UÂ

t{]-a-N-{μ≥, X-ºm≥, P-b-Ip-am¿, B‚-Wn tXm-a-kv, hn-\-b-Ip-am-c≥ \m-b¿ \yq-U¬-ln: kzm-X-{¥y-Zn-\tØm-S-\p-_-‘n-®v cm-{„-]-Xnbp-sS t]m-en-kv sa-U-ep-Iƒ {]-Jym-]n-®p. tI-c-f-Øn-se t]m-en-kv tk-\-bn¬-\n-∂v A©p-t]¿-°pw P-bn¬-h-Ip-∏n¬\n-∂v H-cmƒ-°pw kv-Xp-Xy¿-ltk-h-\-Øn-\p-≈ A-hm¿-Uv e`n-®p. ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ A-Sq¿ sI.-F.]n. (3) _-‰m-en-b-\n-se I-am≥U‚ v sI sI t{]-a-N-{μ≥, Imk¿-tIm-Uv \¿-tIm-´n-Iv sk¬ Un-ssh.-F-kv.-]n. ]n X-ºm≥, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw t]m-en-kv s{S-

bv-\n-Mv tIm-f-Pv ssh-kv {]n≥kn-∏¬ F≥ P-b-Ip-am¿, sXmSp-]p-g Un-ssh.-F-kv.-]n. B‚Wn tXm-a-kv, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw kv-s]-jy¬ {_m-©v kn.-sF.Un. A-kn- v I-am≥-U‚ v F≥ hn-\-b-Ip-am-c≥ \m-b¿ F∂n-h-cm-Wp tI-c-f-Øn¬-\n-∂p sa-U¬ t\-Sn-b-Xv. Xn-cp-h-\-¥]p-cw sk≥-{S¬ P-bn-en-se Akn- v P-bn-e¿ (t{K-Uv 1) ]n Ip-am-c≥ P-bn¬-h-Ip-∏n¬-\n∂p sa-U¬ t\-Sn.B-sI 864 t]¿-°m-Wv Cu h¿-j-sØ sa-U¬ {]-Jym-]n-®-

Xv. [o-c-X-bv-°p-≈ cm-{„-]-Xnbp-sS t]m-en-kv sa-U¬ B-dpt]¿-°pw [o-c-X-bv-°p-≈ t]men-kv sa-U¬ 132 t]¿-°p-am-Wv e-`n-®-Xv. t]m-en-kv sa-U-ep-I-fn¬ 87 t]¿-°v A-Xn-hn-in-„ tk-h-\Øn-\pw 639 t]¿-°v hn-in-„tk-h-\-Øn-\p-ap-≈ sa-U-ep-Ifm-Wv {]-Jym-]n-®-Xv. C-Xn-\p ]p-d-sa P-bn¬ k¿-ho-kn-se A-Xn-hn-in-„ tk-h-\-Øn-\p≈ sa-U-en-\p c-≠p-t]-cpw hnin-„-tk-h-\-Øn-\v 36 t]-cpw A¿-l-cm-bn.-

t]m-¡À C-cn-°q¿: Iq-cm-cn-bnse Io-Ø-S-Øv lukn¬ Sn ]n t]m-°¿ (75). C-cn-´n-bn-se B-ZyIm-e hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: Io-Ø-S-Øv A-kv-a. a-°ƒ: _-jo¿, l-\o-^ (Zp-_-bv), k°o-\, l-ko-\, \-ko-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^-co-Z, dw-eØv, D-a¿, k-eow, B-in^v (ku-Zn).

tkm-fmÀ X-«n-¸v: Pp-Uo-jy A-t\z-j-W\-Xn-Sc-]p-h-S-\n-I-¥Ä--]p-XpS§n cw: tkm-fm¿ X-

´n-∏n¬ Pp-Uo-jy¬ A-t\z-jW \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ-°v Xp-S-°-am-bn. tkm-fm¿ tI-kv kn-‰n-Mv P-Uv-Pnsb-s°m-≠v A-t\z-jn-∏n-°p-sa∂v ap-Jy-a-{¥n D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n Ign-™-Zn-h-kw {]-Jym-]n-®-Xn-\p ]n-∂m-se-bm-Wv C-Xn-\p-≈ \-S]-S-n-Iƒ k¿-°m¿ B-cw-`n-®-Xv. A-t\z-j-W-Øn-s‚ ]-cn-[nbn¬ h-cp-∂ ]-cn-K-W-\m- hn-jb-߃ \n-›-bn-°m≥ B-`y-¥c-a-{¥n Xn-cp-h-©q¿ cm-[m-Ir-jvW-s\ bp.Un.F-^v \n-tbm-Kn®n-cp-∂p. Cu km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n {]-Xn-]-£-t\Xm-°-fp-am-bn B-i-b-hn-\n-a-bw \-S-Øpw. `-c-W-]-c-am-b \-S-]-SnIƒ Im-e-Xm-a-k-an-√m-sX Xp-Sßpw. -C-Xn-\p-]p-d-ta, Pp-Uojy¬ A-t\z-j-W-Øn-\m-bn ssl-t°m-S-Xn kn-‰n-Mv P-Uv-Pnbp-sS tk-h-\-am-h-iy-s∏-´v ssl-t°m-S-Xn-°v I-Ø-b-°pw. C-Xp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´p-≈ `-c-W]-c-am-b \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ Im-e-Xm-ak-an-√m-sX B-cw-`n-°pw.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

15 BKkvXv 2013 hymgw

`m-cy-sb tIm-S-Xn-h-f-¸n sh-«n-s¡m-¶ tI-kn-se {]-Xn ]-tcm-fn-en-d-§n Xq-§n-a-cn-¨p ]m-¯p-½p l-Öp-½

kp-Ip-am-c³- am-ÌÀ

a-dn-bp-½ -

th-em-bp-[³ sN-«ymÀ

t]m-¡À lm-Pn

A-¶-½-

{io-[-c³-]n-Å-

ap-l-½-Zv- _-joÀ

h-fm-t©-cn: kn.]n.Fw h-fm-t©-cn G-cn-bm IΩn-‰n- Aw-Kw sIm-Sp-ap-Sn kp-Ip-am-c≥ am-ÿ (63). 33 h¿-j-°m-ew sh-´n-®n-d ]q-f-aw-K-ew F.Fw.bp.]n- kv-Iq-ƒ {]-[m-\m-[ym-]-I-\m-bncp-∂p. kn.]n.Fw C-cnºn-fn-bw tem-°¬ IΩn-‰n sk-{I-´-dn, C-cn-ºnfn-bw k¿-ho-kv k-l-Ic-W _m-¶v {]-kn-U‚ v, C-cn-ºn-fn-bw {Km-a-∏©m-b-Øv ap≥- {]-kn-U‚ v, kn.sF.Sn.bp G-cnbm ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v, ]m-N-I-sØm-gn-em-fn bq\n-b≥ (kn.sF.Sn.bp) G-cn-bm {]-kn-U‚, ]pA-½p-Ip-«n-b-½ K-a-\ I-em-km-lnam-ln: sN-dp-I-√m-bn-bn- tcmXy kw-L-w h-fm-t©-cn se A-Ωp-Ip-´n A-Ω G-cn-bm I-Ωn-‰n- {]-kn(85). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-XU‚ ÿm-\-ß-fn¬ \m-b \m-cm-b-W≥. atk-h-\-a-\p-jvTn-®n-´p°ƒ: ]m¿-Y km-c-Yn, k- ≠v. ]-g-b-Im-e \m-S-I \m-X≥, e-ep-Zm-kv, \n¿-a- Iq-´m-bv-a-bm-b I-em-kme, e-fn-X, {io-I-e, i-in- K-dn-s‚ ap-Jy kw-L-S-II-e, A-\n-X, ]-tc-X-\m- \m-bn-cp-∂p. b kp-tc-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: `m-cy: i-in-I-e. a-°ƒ: iymw-i-¶¿, in¬-]. a\m-cm-b-W≥ \m-b¿, cp-a-°ƒ: Aw-_n-I, AtKm-]n-\m-Y≥, {]-Imc-hn-μm-£≥. i≥, Ko-X, ssj-P.

h-≈p-h-{ºw: ap-kveym¿]o-Sn-I ]-tc-X-\m-b ]oSn-I]-d-º≥ aq-k-bp-sS `m-cy ]m-te-ß-c tN-°pf-Øv a-dn-bp-Ω (67). a°ƒ: D-Ωm-®p, A-en, Ban-\, ap-l-Ω-Zv, lw-k, kn-≤o-Jv, ^m-Øn-a, ap\o¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b G-\n, D-kv-am≥, apl-Ω-Zv, ssk-\-_, kp\o-d, k-eo-\, _p-ssjd, ap-^v-kn-d. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]-tc-X-\m-b sambv-Xo≥, B-bn-j, A-lΩ-Zv, ]m-Øp-Ω, I-Zo-k.

Im-h-\q¿: ]p-fn-°¬ them-bp-[≥ sN-´ym¿ (93). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b ao-\m£n A-Ω. a-°ƒ: \m-cmb-W≥, i-¶-c≥, `m-kv-Ic≥, tk-Xp-am-[-h≥, Znhm-I-c≥, c-hn, D-Æn-°rjv-W≥, l-cn-Zm-k≥, cma-N-{μ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X¶w, ]m-dp-°p-´n, X-¶-aWn, c-a-Wn, ]p-jv-], Aw_p-Pw, cm-[n-I, {io-P.

s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: ]q-∏-esØ ssX-∏-d-ºn¬ tPmk-^n-s‚ (Ip-´-∏≥) `mcy A-∂-Ω (55). a-°ƒ: sc-an, \n-Ωn, tPm-an. a-cpa-°ƒ: jn-Pp s]m-t∂t¶m-Sv, A-Pn-Xv B-e-∏pg. kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v \m-en-\v s]-cn¥¬-a-Æ sk‚ v A¬t^m≥-km tZ-hm-e-bØn¬.

ta-em-‰q¿: dn-´. _n-.Fkv.F-^v D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ ]p-fn-°¬-sØm-Sn {io-[c≥-]n-≈ (65). sIm-√w kz-tZ-in-bpw A-_m-knU¿ sk-°yq-cn-‰n k¿-hokn-s‚ s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ G-cn-bm -am-t\-P-cp-am-Wv. `m-cy: im-¥-Ip-am-cn. -kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-tb-msS.

th-ß-c: In-fn-\-t°m-Sv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-g-b-I-Øv tIm-b-°p-´n X-ß-fp-sS a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv _-jo¿ (40). am-Xm-hv: ssk-\_. `m-cy: B-ky. a°ƒ: A-–p¬- _m-knXv, ap-l-Ω-Zv A-kv-ew, ^m-kn-e apw-Xm-kv, jm\p. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A–p¬ -d-Du-^v, a-dn-bp-Ω, ]m-Øp-Ωp.

_-Zn-b-Sp-°: tKm-fn-b-Sp°-sØ ]n Fw l-ao-Zv (40). F≥-tUm-kƒ^m≥ tcm-K-_m-[n-X-cpsS en-Ãn¬ Dƒ-s∏-´n-´p≠v. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n. am-Xm-hv: _o-^m-Øn-a. `m-cy: Bbn-i. a-°ƒ: km-ln-\, A-kv-l-dp-±o≥, j-_o¿, C¿-jm-Zv. a-cp-a-I≥: Bkn-^v. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: bq-kp-^v, ap-l-Ω-Zv C{_m-low, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-∫m-kv.

\m-b-∑m¿-aq-e: ]-gbIm-e \yq-kv G-P‚ v \m-b-∑m¿-aq-e-bn-se C F ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn F∂ Cu-ø-® (85). `m-cy: _o-^m-Øn-a. a°ƒ: A-–p¬ -d-km-Jv (\yq-kv G-P‚ v, \m-b∑m¿-aq-e), B-bn-i, JZo-P, k¬-a, a-dn-bw-_n, kp-l-dm-_n, ]-tc-X-\mb A-l-a-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lp-ssk≥, a-l-aq-Zv, C-{_m-low, apl-Ω-ZvIp-™n, km-Pn-Z, A-–p¿-d-lvam≥ (sI.F-kv.-C._n kq-∏¿-sshk¿).

s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: H-S-a-e sXm-ß-Øv t]m-°¿ lmPn (105). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bmb B-bn-i l-÷p-Ω. a°ƒ: B-en, ap-l-Ω-Zp-∏, ssk-X-e-hn, lw-k, A–p, C-{_m-low (C-cp-hcpw Z-Ωmw), ap-kv-X-^, ^m-Øn-a, ssa-aq-\, P-aoe. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-bn-i, J-Zo-P, \-_o-k, ^m-Øna, ^m-Øn-a, kp-ss_-Z, k-eo-\, ssa-aq-\, sam-bvXp, ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, lw-kIp-´n (Z-Ωmw).

kp-{_-lv-a-Wy³

B-an-\-

e-£v-an-¡p-«n-b-½

sX-°≥-Ip-‰q¿: Xn-øm-SØv _m-e-kp-{_-lvaWy≥ \m-b¿ (74). sX°≥-Ip-‰q¿ {io-]-g-b-SØv in-h-t£-{Xw ap≥ sk-{I-´-dn-bm-Wv. `m-cy: I-a-ew. a-°ƒ: a-[p-kq-Z\≥ (bp.F.C), ko-a, {io-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b{io, kp-tc-jv, D-Æn-°rjv-W≥. kw-kv-Im-cw cmhn-se F-´n-\v.

F-S-°-c: X-ºp-cm≥-Ip∂n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b s\®n-tbm-´n¬ A-l-Ω-Zns‚ `m-cy B-an-\ (74). a°ƒ: lw-k, A-ssk≥, _-jo¿, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: ssk-\-_, -dw-eØv, D-ssa-a-Øv, Ip-™nap-l-Ω-Zv. J-_-d-S-°w C∂v cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v Im-°-∏-c-X J-_¿ÿm≥ ]-≈n-bn¬.

th-ß-c: Du-c-Iw ta¬ap-dn-bn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-º-aw-K-e-Øv Ip-amc≥-\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy tIm-¶-S e-£v-an-°p-´nb-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: \mcm-b-W≥, ao-\m-£n, DÆn-Ir-jv-W≥, kp-tcjv-_m-_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-¶-Pm-£≥, Ko-X, Pb-{io, cm-[n-I.

Xn-cq¿: Im-°-S-hv In-≈Øv]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™-Ωp- lm-Pn-bp-sS `mcy ]m-Øp-Ωp l-÷p-Ω (105). a-°ƒ: A-en- lmPn, ]-tc-X-\m-b lw-klm-Pn, Ip-™n-sam-bvXo≥, l-k≥ (A-_q-Z_n), dm-_n-b, C-øm-Øp´n, B-bn-i, Xn-Øn-Ωp, JZo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lw-k°p-´n, sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n, A-e-hn, ]m-Øp-Ωp, Bbn-ip-Ωp, ssk-\-_, kpl-d, ]-tc-X-cm-b ap-l-ΩZv, l-k≥-Ip-´n. J-_-d-S°w C∂p cm-hn-se 10\v tIm-c-ß-Øv Pp-am-a-kv-PnZv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

l-ao-Zv

ap-l-½-Zv lm-Pn

A-Ðp-Ã-¡p-«n au-e-hn

]-ø-∂q¿: A-∂q¿ A-ÐpÀ-d-lv-am³ F.]n.F.kn-°-Sp-Øv hn-Zym-\-K¿: Hm-t´m ta-se-Øv ho-´n¬ Ipss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂ Nm-e- ™n-cm-a≥ \-ºym¿ bn-se A-–p¿d-lv-am≥ (96). X-fn-∏-d-ºv Xr-®w(-66). _-cw kz-tZ-in-bm-Wv. `m`m-cy: P-ao-e. a-°ƒ: im- cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b \m-cm-b^n, k-eow, kn-±o-Jv, WnA-Ω. a-°ƒ: I-a-em_m-kn-Øv, a-jv-lq-Zv. a- £n, b-tim-Z, im-c-Z, amcp-a-°ƒ: \-ko-a, km[-h≥,N-{μ-a-Xn, ]-tc-Xln-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \m-b P-\m¿-Z-\≥. a-cp-aA-–p-√, A-–p¬- Jm°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ Z¿, ssk-\p-±o≥, C-{_m- \-ºym¿, \m-cm-b-W≥ low, _o-^m-Øn-a, J-Zo- \-ºym¿, {]-k-∂, IpP, \-^o-k, A-kv-a, ]™n-cm-a≥ \-ºym¿, tc-X-cm-b A-l-a-Zv, t{]-a-e-X, ]-tc-X-\m-b ssk-_-\. cm-a-N-{μ≥ \-ºym¿.

C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g Xptºm-en-se \m-kn-em a≥-kn-en¬ sI sI A–p-√-°p-´n au-e-hn (85). I-Æq¿ a-c-°m¿I-≠n-bnse B-Zy-Im-e a-Zv-d-km A-[ym-]-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: Ip-∂p-{º-Øv sse-e. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ A-ko-kv, A-–p¬ _jo¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv A-iv-d-^v (A-Pv-am≥), C-Jv-_m¬, ln-em¬, ap-l-Ω-Zv dmln¬ (sN-ss∂), \m-kne. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-ao-e, djo-Z, ^m-C-Z, \-^o-k,, dp-_o-\, B-en-°p-´n. ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-b-ap, ]tc-X-bm-b J-Zo-P.

_o-hp-D-½

dp-Jn-b

A-Ðp l-ao-Zv

I-a-e³

tNm-bn-¡p-«n -

s]m-∂m-\n: Ip-‰n-°m´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b kpsse-am-s‚ `m-cy _ohp-D-Ω (85). a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-tamƒ, _o-°p-´n, dm-_n-b, ^m-Øn-Ω, l-\o-^ (k-em-e), dw-e.a-cp-a°ƒ: _m-h, Im-kv-an, lw-k, jw-kp, ap-\o-d, \u-jm-Zv.

sN-Ω-¶-S-hv: tNm-e°-en-se B-ep-߬ dp-Jn-b (60). a-I≥: A-–p¬- I-cow F-∂ \m-Wn (a-°). acp-a-Iƒ: Xzm-ln-d. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: DÆo≥-Ip-´n apkveym¿, A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´n, ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, \_o-k.

tIm-Uq¿: a-ßm-´p-]p-ew ]-te-t°m-S≥ A-–p¬ l-ao-Zv (A-–p-˛72). `mcy: a-dn-bp-Ω. a-°ƒ: i-d^p-±o≥, k-eow(dn-bm-Zv), jw-kp-±o≥ (Ip-sshØv), kz-^n-ø, ^u-knb. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-®n-߬ bq-kp-^v, ]-≈n-sØm-Sn A-–p-k-emw, d-ko-\, im-ln-\.

F-S-°-c: ap-t≠-cn hnØp-Ir-jn-tØm-´-Ønse dn-´. sXm-gn-em-fn-bmb X-ºp-cm-´n-°-√n-se Xøn¬ I-a-e≥ (57). `m-c-y: tdm-k. a-°ƒ: \n-jm¬, \n-Jn¬, \n-[n≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: {]n-b, hn-\o-X. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse 10\v ]m-ep-≠ iv-aim-\-Øn¬.

Du¿-ßm-´n-cn: In-W-d-S∏≥ \m-Zm-t°m-S≥ tNmbn-°p-´n (A-∏p˛88). `mcy: Im-fn-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, hn-Pb≥, \m-cm-b-Wn, \n¿-Ωe, kp-tem-N-\, c-Xn, kp[. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bWn, im-c-Z, ]p-jv-]-cmP≥, l-cn-Zm-k≥, Zmk≥, k-Pn, ]-tc-X-\m-b th-Wp.

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \-¼ymÀ

A-¸n-\p- \-¼ymÀ h-´n-{]w-: sIm-Ωn-te-cna-\-bn¬- A-∏n-\p- \ºym¿ (91)-.- `m-cy-: ]-tcX-bm-b tZ-h-In.- a-°ƒ-: kp-[m-a-Wn -(A-[ym-]nI, h-´n-{]w- bp-.]n- kvIqƒ),- sI _m-lp-teb≥ -(F¬.-sF.kn-. Fwtπm-bo-kv- bq-\n-b≥tIm-gn-t°m-Sv- Un-hn-j≥tPm-bn‚ v- sk-{I-´-dn).- acp-a-°ƒ-: sI kn- D-ÆnIr-jv-W≥- (Iq-Øp-]-dºv-, dq-d¬- _m-¶v- am-\t¥-cn- im-J),- P-b-{io (A-[ym-]n-I Fw.-B¿.bp-.]n-.F-kv-. am-´q¬).-

Nm-e-°p-Sn: `m-cy-sb tIm-S-Xn-h-f-∏n¬-h-®v sh-´ns°m-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-b tI-kn-se {]-Xn ]-tcm-fn-en-dßn Xq-ßn-a-cn-®p.- t]m-´-˛-tam-kv-tIm Ip-‰n-em≥Iq-´w th-ep F-∂ th-em-bp-[-s\(50)-bm-Wv X-dhm-´p-ho-Sn-\p ]n-∂n-se a-c-Øn¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Ønb-Xv.- ]q-P-∏p-c sk≥{S¬ P-bn-en¬ \n-∂p ]-tcm-fn-en-d-ßn-b Cbmƒ Rm-b-dm-gv-N Xncn-®p-t]m-th-≠-Xm-bncp-∂p. 13- h¿-j-߃-°p ap-ºv `m-cy-sb tIm-S-Xn-h-f-∏n¬ sIm-e-s∏-SpØn-b tI-kn-¬ th-em-bp-[≥ Po-h-]-c-¥yw X-Shp-in-£ A-\p-`-hn-®p-h-cp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- kw-`h-Øn-\v ti-jw H-cn-°¬-t]m-epw C-bmƒ Pm-ayØn-en-d-ßn-bn-´n-√.- 1997¬ `m-cy sse-Pn-sb tImS-Xn-h-f-∏n¬ sh´-s°m-∂ kw`hw tIm-fnf-°w kr-jv-Sn-®n-cp-∂p.- _-‘w th¿-s∏-SpØm≥ Ip-Spw-_-tIm-S-Xn-bn-se-Øn-b-t∏m-gm-bncp-∂p CXv.- kz-¥-am-bn ho-Sn-√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ ]tcm-fn¬ h-cp-tºm-sg-√mw X-d-hm-´p-ho-´n-em-bn-cp∂p Xm-a-kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. Nm-e-°p-Sn t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

H-am-\n a-cn-¨ bp-hm-hn-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw \m-«n-se-¯n-¡pw

sN-dp-]p-g: H-am-\n¬ a-cn® bp-hm-hn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂v \m-´n-se-Øn-°pw. tN-∏m-tØm-´n-se Sn hn X¶-cm-P≥-˛-tim-`-\ Z-º-XnI-fp-sS a-I≥ c-Pn-¬ BWv a-cn-®-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v I-°-d s]m-Xp-iv-a-im-\Øn¬. aq-∂p-am-kw ap-ºmbn-cp-∂p c-Pn¬- tPm-en-°m-bn hn-tZ-i-Øp t]m-b-Xv. H-am-\n-se ep-ep am-fn-em-bn-cp-∂p tPm-en. k-tlm-Zc≥: A-Jn¬.

s{S-bn³ X-«n- a-cn-¨p

sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: bp-hm-hv s{S-bn≥ X-´n-a-cn-®p. sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿ Ip-∂n-en-se ]n Fw d-^o-JmWv (43) a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se Ip-∂n¬ K-Ãv lukv {Sm-°n-em-Wv ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. cm-hnse Iq-en-th-e-°m-sW-∂v ]-d-™v ho-´n¬ \n-∂n-dßn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b lp-ªn- sambv-Xo≥. am-Xm-hv: B-kyp-Ω. `m-cy: dp-_o-\. k-tlmZ-c-߃: \m-k¿, ap-kv-X-^, kp-l-d, k-Io-\, ssk\-_, ^u-kn-b.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

X-e-t»-cn: s]m-∂yw Ip-≠p-Nn-d ]p-e-cn hm-b-\-ime-bv-°p k-ao-]-sØ \m-a-Øv ho-´n¬ cm-P-s\ (45) ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. C-bm-fpsS `m-cy- aq-∂p-am-kw {]m-b-am-b Ip-™n-s\-bpw sIm-≠v t\-c-sØ B-fl-l-Xy sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. Cu tI-kp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v t]m-en-kv c-Pn-kv-‰¿ sN-bvX tI-kn¬ dn-am‚n-em-bn-cp-∂ cm-P≥ Pm-ay-Øn-en-dßn-b Zn-h-k-am-Wv Xq-ßn-a-cn-®-Xv.

ho-Sn-\p ap-I-fn \n-¶p ho-Wv a-cn-¨p a-½m-Zn-b -

A-h-dm³ lm-Pn

i-¦-c³-Ip-«n- \m-bÀ -

sam-bv-Xo³-Ip-«n

\-Po-_v- -

sam-bv-Xo³-Ip-«n

ap-l-½-Zv \n-bm-Zv-

ao-\m-£n

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: sh-fn-ap°v Ip-d-∏-Øv X-S-Øn¬ aq-k-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy aΩm-Zn-b (92). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn, A-–p-¿dlvv-am≥, ]m-Øp-Ωp, ssk-\-_, J-Zo-P.

tIm-´-°¬: Im-h-Xn-Ifw Im-hp-߬ A-h-dm≥ lm-Pn (71). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: ssa-aq-\, k-^nb, kp-ss_-Z, dw-e. a-cpa-°ƒ: Ip-™m-e≥-lmPn, ssk-X-e-hn, ]-tc-X\m-b lw-k, B-Zw.

hm-g-°m-Sv: A-\-¥m-bq¿ H-Sp-ßm-´v {io-\n-e-bw i¶-c≥-Ip-´n \m-b¿ (71). dn´. ]-©m-b-Øv sk-{I-´dn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: eoem-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: {io-Pp, {io-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-iz\m-Y≥, hn-Zy.

]p-Xp-∏-d-ºv: X-d-Ω¬ sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n (64). a°ƒ: d-kn-b, A-–p-√Øo-^v, kp-l-d, ap-l-ΩZ-en, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (jm¿-P), kn-±o-Jv (kuZn), k-eow.

I-cp-hm-c-°p-≠v: ]q-f°p-∂n-se \-Sp-Ø-f-b≥ \-Po-_v (45). am-Xm-hv: ^m-Øn-a. `m-cy: l-^v-k-Øv. a°ƒ: k-\q-]v, im-°n-d, ap-lv-kn-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Pw-jo¿, ap-kv-X-^.

sIm-≠n-]-dºv: ]-tet°m-S≥ sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip´n (66). `mcy: ^m-Øn-a. a°ƒ: ss^k¬, en-bmJ-Øen, d-Po-\, j-ao¿, Pw-jo¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: djoZv, d-Po-\, j-ao-d, Xzmln-d.

F-S-°-c: Nm-Øw-ap-≠ kp¬-Øm≥-]-Sn-bn-se s]-cp-h≥-Ip-gn-b≥ A_v-Zp¬ -I-co-an-s‚ aI≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv \n-bm-Zv (15). am-Xm-hv: dp-_o-\. k-tlm-Z-cn: ss\-\m ^m-Øn-a.

s]m-∂m-\n: B-\-∏-Sn ]tc-X-\m-b ]p-t√-∏p-d-Øv A-d-ap-J-s‚ `m-cy ao-\m£n (80). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se F-´n-\v Ip-‰n-°m-Sv iv-a-im-\Øn¬.

Nm-e-°p-Sn: tIm-Sm-en ap-cn-°p-ß-en¬ \n¿-am-W-Ønen-cp-∂ ho-Sn-\p ap-I-fn¬ \n-∂p In-W-‰n¬ ho-Wv sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-®p. sN-ßm-eq¿ Ip-≠p-I-S-hv Im-tcyßm-´n¬ ]≈n-bp-sS a-I≥ kp-\n¬-Ip-am-dm-(42)Wv acn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-Ign-™v \m-en-\m-bn-cp-∂p A-]I-Sw. ]p-Xp-°m-Sv \n-∂p ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv F-Øn- I-cbv-s°Sp-sØ-¶nepw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-e°p-Sn Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬. `m-cy: ]m¿-h-Xn-. a-°ƒ: hn-]n≥, hn-kv-a-b, ssI-em-kv.

^m-¯n-a

kp-{_-lv-a-Wy³

Ir-jW -v ³- \m-bÀ

Pm-\p-A-½

\m-cm-b-Wn-A-½

B-an-\

_n-¨m-¯p

ssk-X-e-hn-

ssk-\-_ -

_o-]m-¯p

^-tdm-°v: A-c-°n-W¿ F ]n ap-l-Ω-ZvtIm-b-bpsS `m-cy tIm-S-ºp-g Nmen¬ tXm-´p-߬ ^mØn-a (62). a-°ƒ: d-jo-Z, ^u-kn-b. a-cp-a-I≥: A_p-´n t_-∏q¿. k-tlm-Z-c߃: l-k≥ lm-Pn, A_q-_-°-¿, P-eo¬, iwkp-±o≥, J-Zo-P, ]-tc-X\m-b A-–p-¿-d-lv-am≥.

Im-cm-Sv: Ip-∂-sØm-Sn kp-{_-lv-a-Wy≥ (68). `mcy: ]-Xvan-\n. a-°ƒ: \oX, kp-\n-X, kp-_n-X, kpPn-X, jn-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: c-Lp ]p-Xp-t°m-Sv, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿ Ip-‰-e-ßm-Sn, c-hn ^m-dq-Jv tIm-f-Pv, tcm-l≥-Zm-kv ]p-Xp-t°mSv, cm-Po-hv cm-a-\m-´p-I-c. k-©-b-\w Rm-b-dm-gv-N.

\-cn-°p-\n: ]p-∂-t»-cn ]o-Sn-I-°-≠n ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Pm-\p-A-Ω (70). a-°ƒ: Kw-Km-[-c≥ (dn-´. A-[ym]-I≥ ]p-h-ºm-bn sslkv-Iqƒ), P-b-{io (A-[ym]n-I, ]p-∂-t»-cn sh-Ãv F.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ). a-cp-a°ƒ: hn-P-b-\p-Æn, P-e-P (A-[ym-]n-I ]q-h-ºm-bn ssl-kv-Iqƒ).

]-tøm-fn: C-cn-ß-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]o-Sn-I-°≠n A-∏p-\-ºym-cp-sS `mcy \m-cm-b-Wn-A-Ω (88). a-°ƒ: ]-Xva-\m-`≥, `mkv-I-c≥, I-a-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]u¿-W-an i-¶¿, kp-io-e, k-tcm-Pm-tZ-hn. k-©-b-\w i-\nbmgvN.

a-S-hq¿: sIm-´-°m-h-b-ense ]-tc-X-\m-b tN-\®mw-I-≠n-bn¬ sam-bvXo≥-tIm-b-bp-sS `m-cy B-an-\ (75). a-Iƒ: ]-tcX-bm-b A-eo-a. k-tlm-Zc-߃-: ap-l-Ω-Zm-Pn, ]mØp-tΩ-bv, a-dn-b-°p-´n, \^o-k, ssk-\-_, ]-tcX-cm-b Im-Xr-°p-´n, sNdn-b-Ω-Zv, aq-k.

ao-©-¥: ]-tc-X-\m-b D≈n-t»-cn-°p-∂v F≥ ]n B-en-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy kn ]n _n-®m-Øp (73). a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, d-joZv, I-®p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn ]n j-l-\m-kv, Xm-ln-d. k-tlm-Z-c≥: kn ]n ssk-X-e-hn. a-øn-Øv \a-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10.30\v I-Æw-]-d-ºv ]-≈n-bn¬.

tN-te-{º: Nm-en-∏-d-ºv ssh-en-t»-cn ssk-X-ehn F-∂ _m-h (61). tNte-{º ]-©m-b-Øv 18 mw hm¿-Uv ap-kv-enw eo-Kv JPm-©n-bm-Wv. `m-cy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: ap-Po_v (Zp-_-bv), ap-\o¿ (Pn±), ap-\o-d, km-_n-d. a-cpa-I≥: _o-cm≥-Ip-´n. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-´n, _o-^m-Øn-a, A_v-Zp¬ P-ao¬, A-_vZp¬ e-Øo-^v, ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X-^.

Nm-∏-\-ßm-Sn: ap-f-™n∏p-em≥ A-h-dm-s‚ `mcy ssk-\-_ (75). a°ƒ: C-kv-am-Cu¬, A–p, J-Zo-P, Ip-™n-ap-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n, k-^n-b, a-dnbp-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A–p¬- I-cow, A-–p, kpsse-J, kp-sse-J, J-ZoP.- J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cmhn-se F-´n-\v Nm-∏-\ßm-Sn Su¨ Pp-am-a-kvPn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: ]-tc-X\m-b Xp-Sn-t»-cn bq-k^n-s‚ `m-cy _o-]m-Øp (82). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn F-∂ _m-h, A-iv-d-^v, A-en, kp-l-d, B-bn-im_n, \-ko-a, j-l¿-_m\p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssk-X-ehn, Ip-™n-sam-bv-Xo≥, e-Øo-^v, \-^o-k, i-co^, k-do-\. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v A-c-b≥-I-S-∏p-dw Pp-am-akv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

B-bn-i I-Æq¿: a-©-∏m-e-sØ ]n ]n B-bn-i (]p-a-˛85). ]-tc-X-\m-b A-_v-Zp- Øm-dn-s‚ `m-cy-bm-Wv. a°ƒ: ]n ]n sam-bv-Xo≥ tkTv (-tZ-im-`n-am-\n IÆq¿ Su¨ G-P‚ v), sse-e, P-ao-e, ]-tc-X-cmb ap-_m-d-Iv, P-∫m¿,- Pm^¿.

]-dº - n¬-_k - m¿: B-in¿hm-Zn¬ Xm-ak - n-°pw Xriq¿ hm-Sm-\∏ - ≈ - n ]m-es - ∏´n Ir-jW v- ≥ \ - m-b¿ (85). kw-kI v- m-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v am-hq¿-tdm-Uv iva - i - m-\Øn¬. `m-cy: k-ck - z-Xn AΩ. a-°ƒ: a-Wn-IW - vT≥ (a-lo-{μm Hm-t´m kvs - ]-tbgvk - v, \-S° - m-hv), \-fn-\n, apc-fn. a-cp-a° - ƒ: X-¶∏ - ≥, k-cn-X (ap-°w), Ko-X (_tØ-cn). k-©b - \ - w Rm-bkm-Pn-\ v- . I-Æq¿ kn-‰n: B-\-bn-Sp- dm-gN °v B-an-\m-kn¬ km-Pn- a-½p- lmPn \ (36). `¿-Øm-hv: ]n A- sh-≈a - p≠: Xcp-hW - _vZp-∂m-kn¿. a-°ƒ: C- bnse B-ZyIm-e hym-]mkm-\, dp-am≥. ]n-Xm-hv: cn-bm-bn-cp-∂ I-º a-Ωp]-tc-X-\m-b A-_v-Zp¬ lm-Pn (85). `mcy: B-bn-i. A-ko-kv. am-Xm-hv: B-an- a°ƒ: D-ka v- m≥, lm-cn-kv, \. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: apI-Zo-P, Bky, \-ko-a, \o¿, d-ao-kv, A¿-jn-\. kp-ss_-Z, P-ao-e, am-an.

C-cn-°q¿: ss]-k-°-cnbn-se ap-te-πm-°¬ Ir-jv-W³ \m-bÀ s]-cn-tßmw: ]m-Sn-tbm- tPm-kv (56). `m-cy: hm-cn ´p-Nm-en-se ]n-em-° Ir- Iq-Im-e sX-øm-Ω. ktlm-Z-c-߃: t_-_n jv-W≥ \m-b¿ (92). `m(dn-´. Po-h-\-°m-c≥, cy: e-£v-an. a-°ƒ: bss]-k-°-cn tZ-h-am-Xm tim-Z, \m-cm-W-b≥, N{μn-I, Ir-jv-W≥, ssl- ssl-kv-Iqƒ), ta-gv-kn a, [-\-cm-Pv (Zp-_-bv), i-c- (A-_qZ-_n), tPm-an, kXv cm-Pv, ]-tc-X-\m-b cm- Pn (e-≠≥), B≥-kn, B‚-Wn (A-_q-Z-_n). L-h≥.

A-XnÀ-¯n-bn sh-Sn-h-bv-]v Xp-S-cp-¶p; c-−p \p-g-ªp-I-b-ä-¡mÀ sIm-Ã-s¸-«p ]m-Iv \-S-]-Sn-sb A-]-e-]n-¨v C-cp-k-`-I-fpw {]-ta-bw ]m-km-¡n; ]m-Iv {]-ta-bw X-Ån P-Ωp/\yq-U¬-ln: A-Xn¿-Ønbn¬ sh-Sn-h-bv-]v Xp-S-cp-∂p. ]q©v Pn-√-bn¬ 16 C-¥y≥ Im-h¬∏p-c-Iƒ-°p t\-sc ]m-Iv tk-\ sh-Sn-h-bv-]p \-S-Øn. C-¥y≥ tk-\ Xn-cn-®-Sn-®p. I-gn-™ \mep-Zn-h-k-Øn-\n-sS C-Xv H-ºXmw-X-h-W-bm-Wp ]m-Iv tk-\ sh-Sn-\n¿-ج ew-Ln-°p-∂-Xv. ]q-©v Pn-√-bn-se sa-¥¿ ta-J-ebn-em-Wp ]m-Iv tk-\ sh-Sn-h-bv]v \-S-Øn-b-sX-∂p {]-Xn-tcm-[h-‡m-hv F-kv F≥ B-Nm-cy ]d-™p. b-{¥-tØm-°p-I-fpw tam¿´m-dp-I-fpw D-]-tbm-Kn-®v sNm-Δmgv-N A¿-[-cm-{Xn-bn¬ Xp-S-ßn-b sh-Sn-h-bv-]v C-∂-se-bpw Xp-S¿∂p. P-Ωp-I-iv-ao-cn-se Ip-]v-hm-c Pn-√-bn¬ \p-g-™p-I-b-‰w C¥y≥ tk-\ hn-^-e-am-°n. shSn-h-bv-]n¬ c-≠p \p-g-™p-I-b‰-°m¿ sIm-√-s∏-´p. A-Xn¿-Øn-

bn¬ In-c¨ sk-Œ-dn-em-Wv kw`-hw. A-Xn-\n-sS, ]m-Iv tk-\-bpsS \-S-]-Sn-sb i-‡-am-bn A-]e-]n-®p-sIm-≠v tem-Iv-k-`-bpw cm-Py-k-`-bpw {]-ta-bw ]m-km°n. A-¥m-cm-{„ A-Xn¿-Øn-bn-

epw \n-b-{¥-W-tc-J-bn-epw 2003se sh-Sn-\n¿-ج D-S-º-Sn hm-°n-epw {]-hr-Øn-bn-epw ]men-°m≥ ]m-Iv k¿-°m-cn-t\m-Sv C-¥y B-h-iy-s∏-´p. C-cp-cm-Pyß-fpw X-Ωn¬ k-am-[m-\ N¿-®Iƒ-°pw k-l-I-c-W-߃-°pw

tPm-kv

X- ø m- s d- S p- Ø p- s Im- ≠ n- c p- ∂ km-l-N-cy-Øn-em-Wp ]m-Iv tk\-bp-sS \-S-]-Sn-sb-∂pw {]-tabw Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øn. cm-Py-k-`bn¬ A-[y-£≥ lm-an-Zv A≥km-cn-bpw tem-Iv-k-`-bn¬ kv-]o°¿ ao-cm Ip-am-dpw {]-ta-bw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. C-¥y≥ tk-\-bv°pw P-\-X-bv-°pw t\-sc B-tcm]-W-߃ D-∂-bn-®p-sIm-≠v 13\v ]m-In-kv-Xm≥ ]m-km-°n-b {]-ta-bw X-≈p-∂-Xm-bpw C-h¿ k-`-I-sf A-dn-bn-®p.]m-In-kv-Xm≥ ssI-b-S-°n-h®n-cn-°p-∂ {]-tZ-i-apƒ-s∏-sS PΩp B‚ v I-iv-ao¿ kw-ÿm-\w C-¥y-bp-tS-Xm-sW-∂pw A-Xv F-°m-e-Øpw A-ß-s\-Ø-s∂ B-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂pw C-¥y {]-tab-Øn¬ hy-‡-am-°n. {]-ta-bw ]m-km-°p-tºmƒ {]-[m-\-a-{¥n a≥-tam-l≥-kn-Mv tem-Iv-k-`bn¬ k-∂n-ln-X-\m-bn-cp-∂p.-

ap-Jy-a-{´n-sb Hgn-hm¡n A-t\z-j-Ww Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡n-Ã: ]n-W-dm-bn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Pp-Uojy¬ A-t\z-j-W-Øn¬ apJy-a-{¥n-sb-bpw A-t±-lØn-s‚ Hm-^n-kn-s\-bpw Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-s√-¶n¬ At\z-j-Ww X-≈n-°-f-bp-sa∂v kn.-]n.-Fw. kw-ÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn ]n-W-dm-bn hn-Pb≥. ap-Jy-a-{¥n c-£-s∏-Sm≥ Ip-cp-´p-_p-≤n {]-tbm-Kn-°pI-bm-Wv. cm-Pn-h-bv-°pw-hsc C-S-Xp-]-£w k-a-cw Xp-Scpw. {]-t£m-`-Øn-s‚ L-´Øn-¬ D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n-°v apJy-a-{¥n-sb-∂ co-Xn-bn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-°m-sa-∂p I-cptX-≠. P-\-k-º-¿-°-am-bm-epw kw-k¿-K-am-bm-epw s]m-Xp]-cn-]m-Sn-bn-¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°msa-∂p hym-tam-ln-t°s-≠∂pw ]n-W-dm-bn hy-‡-am°n.

k-tcm-Pn-\n A-½ C-cn-°q¿: s]-cn-t¶m-∂nse ]n kn k-tcm-Pn-\n A-Ω (75). a-Iƒ: kp-temN-\. a-cp-a-I≥: N-{μ≥ (kn.sF.F-kv.F-^v). ktlm-Z-c-߃: e-£v-an, Ia-em-£n, c-a-Wn, cm-a-N{μ≥, Im¿-Øym-b-\n, ]tc-X-\m-b _m-e-Ir-jvW≥ \-ºym¿.

im-c-Z am-ln: sIm-tΩm-Øv]oSn-I ssX-°-≠n im-c-Z (63). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b hm-kp. a-I≥: {]tam-Zv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ssi-e-P, kp-tc-jv _m_p, {io-\n-hm-k≥, joe, {io-P-b≥.

Ip-ªn-am-ap X-e-t»-cn: Im-ø-Øv tdmUn-se km-Pn-Zm-kn¬ hn Ip-™n-am-ap (79). ]nXm-hv: kn A-_q-_-°¿. am-Xm-hv: B-bn-ip. `m-cy: kp-lv-dm _o-Kw.

tXm-a-kv ]-\-a-cw: \-S-h-b¬ ssX∏-d-ºn¬ tXm-a-kv (90). `m-cy: A-∂-Ω. a-°ƒ: eo-em-Ω, ta-cn, t{K-kn, ta-gv-kn, tPm-Wn, en-kn, _m-_p, sP-kn, kn-kv-‰¿ sa-do-\, hn-Pn, ]-tc-X-\mb t_-_n.

A-©p- a-e-bm-fn-IÄ¡v cm-{ã-]-Xn-bp-sS t]m-en-kv sa-UÂ

t{]-a-N-{μ≥, X-ºm≥, P-b-Ip-am¿, B‚-Wn tXm-a-kv, hn-\-b-Ip-am-c≥ \m-b¿ \yq-U¬-ln: kzm-X-{¥y-Zn-\tØm-S-\p-_-‘n-®v cm-{„-]-Xnbp-sS t]m-en-kv sa-U-ep-Iƒ {]-Jym-]n-®p. tI-c-f-Øn-se t]m-en-kv tk-\-bn¬-\n-∂v A©p-t]¿-°pw P-bn¬-h-Ip-∏n¬\n-∂v H-cmƒ-°pw kv-Xp-Xy¿-ltk-h-\-Øn-\p-≈ A-hm¿-Uv e`n-®p. ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ A-Sq¿ sI.-F.]n. (3) _-‰m-en-b-\n-se I-am≥U‚ v sI sI t{]-a-N-{μ≥, Imk¿-tIm-Uv \¿-tIm-´n-Iv sk¬ Un-ssh.-F-kv.-]n. ]n X-ºm≥, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw t]m-en-kv s{S-

bv-\n-Mv tIm-f-Pv ssh-kv {]n≥kn-∏¬ F≥ P-b-Ip-am¿, sXmSp-]p-g Un-ssh.-F-kv.-]n. B‚Wn tXm-a-kv, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw kv-s]-jy¬ {_m-©v kn.-sF.Un. A-kn- v I-am≥-U‚ v F≥ hn-\-b-Ip-am-c≥ \m-b¿ F∂n-h-cm-Wp tI-c-f-Øn¬-\n-∂p sa-U¬ t\-Sn-b-Xv. Xn-cp-h-\-¥]p-cw sk≥-{S¬ P-bn-en-se Akn- v P-bn-e¿ (t{K-Uv 1) ]n Ip-am-c≥ P-bn¬-h-Ip-∏n¬-\n∂p sa-U¬ t\-Sn.B-sI 864 t]¿-°m-Wv Cu h¿-j-sØ sa-U¬ {]-Jym-]n-®-

Xv. [o-c-X-bv-°p-≈ cm-{„-]-Xnbp-sS t]m-en-kv sa-U¬ B-dpt]¿-°pw [o-c-X-bv-°p-≈ t]men-kv sa-U¬ 132 t]¿-°p-am-Wv e-`n-®-Xv. t]m-en-kv sa-U-ep-I-fn¬ 87 t]¿-°v A-Xn-hn-in-„ tk-h-\Øn-\pw 639 t]¿-°v hn-in-„tk-h-\-Øn-\p-ap-≈ sa-U-ep-Ifm-Wv {]-Jym-]n-®-Xv. C-Xn-\p ]p-d-sa P-bn¬ k¿-ho-kn-se A-Xn-hn-in-„ tk-h-\-Øn-\p≈ sa-U-en-\p c-≠p-t]-cpw hnin-„-tk-h-\-Øn-\v 36 t]-cpw A¿-l-cm-bn.-

ap-l-½-Zv kn-\m³ F-S-°-c: _m-ew-Ip-fw \q-dm-aq-®n sam-bv-Xo-s‚ aI≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv kn-\m≥ (H-∂-c). am-Xm-hv: \-kod.k-tlm-Z-c-߃: DΩp¬ Pp-av-\, P-lm-\ sj-dn≥, dn-X-tamƒ, ap-lΩ-Zv k-Cu-Zv.

tkm-fmÀ X-«n-¸v: Pp-Uo-jy A-t\z-j-W\-Xn-Sc-]p-h-S-\n-I-¥Ä--]p-XpS§n cw: tkm-fm¿ X-

´n-∏n¬ Pp-Uo-jy¬ A-t\z-jW \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ-°v Xp-S-°-am-bn. tkm-fm¿ tI-kv kn-‰n-Mv P-Uv-Pnsb-s°m-≠v A-t\z-jn-∏n-°p-sa∂v ap-Jy-a-{¥n D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n Ign-™-Zn-h-kw {]-Jym-]n-®-Xn-\p ]n-∂m-se-bm-Wv C-Xn-\p-≈ \-S]-S-n-Iƒ k¿-°m¿ B-cw-`n-®-Xv. A-t\z-j-W-Øn-s‚ ]-cn-[nbn¬ h-cp-∂ ]-cn-K-W-\m- hn-jb-߃ \n-›-bn-°m≥ B-`y-¥c-a-{¥n Xn-cp-h-©q¿ cm-[m-Ir-jvW-s\ bp.Un.F-^v \n-tbm-Kn®n-cp-∂p. Cu km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n {]-Xn-]-£-t\Xm-°-fp-am-bn B-i-b-hn-\n-a-bw \-S-Øpw. `-c-W-]-c-am-b \-S-]-SnIƒ Im-e-Xm-a-k-an-√m-sX Xp-Sßpw. -C-Xn-\p-]p-d-ta, Pp-Uojy¬ A-t\z-j-W-Øn-\m-bn ssl-t°m-S-Xn kn-‰n-Mv P-Uv-Pnbp-sS tk-h-\-am-h-iy-s∏-´v ssl-t°m-S-Xn-°v I-Ø-b-°pw. C-Xp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´p-≈ `-c-W]-c-am-b \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ Im-e-Xm-ak-an-√m-sX B-cw-`n-°pw.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

a-½p- lm-Pn

t]m-¡À

A-Ðp-Ã-¡p-«n au-e-hn

X-cp-h-W: X-cp-h-W-bnse ]u-c-{]-ap-J-\pw AJn-te-¥ym ap-kv-enw- eoKv Pn-√m tPm-bn‚ v sk{I-´-dn-bp-am-bn-cp-∂ ]≈n-bm¬ a-Ωp- lm-Pn (85). `m-cy: ]m-Øp l÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv A-–p-√, D-kv-am≥, C{_m-low (B-tcm-Ky-hIp-∏v, am-\-¥-hm-Sn), Pao-e, kp-ss_-Z, B-bni, jm-ln-Z, k-do-\. a-cpa-°ƒ: ku-Z, km-_n-d, j-°o-e (B-tcm-Ky-hIp-∏v), D-kv-am≥ (Pn-√m k-l-I-c-W _m-¶v), A–p¿-d-lvam≥, lpssk≥, Jm-Z¿, _-jo¿.

C-cn-°q¿: Iq-cm-cn-bn-se Io-Ø-S-Øv lu-kn¬ Sn ]n t]m-°¿ (75). C-cn-´nbn-se B-Zy-Im-e hym]m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: Io-Ø-S-Øv A-kv-a. a°ƒ: _-jo¿, l-\o-^ (Zp-_-bv), k-°o-\, lko-\, \-ko-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^-co-Z, dw-e-Øv, D-a¿, keow, B-in-^v (ku-Zn). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: D-a¿, \qdp-±o≥ (C-cp-h-cpw Du-´n), Jm-en-Zv, B-bn-kp, \-^okp, ssa-aq-\-Øv, k-^nb, J-Zo-kp, ssk-\-_, ^m-Øn-a, ]-tc-X-cm-b B-_q-´n, a-Ωq-´n.

C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g Xptºm-en-se \m-kn-em a≥-kn-en¬ sI sI A–p-√-°p-´n au-e-hn (85). I-Æq¿ a-c-°m¿I-≠n-bnse B-Zy-Im-e a-Zv-d-km A-[ym-]-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: Ip-∂p-{º-Øv ssee. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ Ako-kv, A-–p¬ _-jo¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv A-iv-d-^v (A-Pvam≥), C-Jv-_m¬, lnem¬, ap-l-Ω-Zv dm-ln¬ (sN-ss∂), \m-kn-e. acp-a-°ƒ: P-ao-e, d-jo-Z, ^m-C-Z, \-^o-k,, dp-_o\, B-en-°p-´n. k-tlm-Zc-߃: A-b-ap, ]-tc-Xbm-b J-Zo-P.

Xn-¯p-½ N-f-h-d: N-f-h-d a-Æ-gnbn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ `m-cy Xn-Øp-Ω (87). a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, ^m-Øna, B-bn-i, A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿, ap-l-Ω-Zm-en. a-cpa-°ƒ: B-bn-i, km-PnX, ]-tc-X-cm-b sam-bvXo≥, a-Ωn.

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \-¼ymÀ

]-ø-∂q¿: A-∂q¿ F.]n.F.kn-°-Sp-Øv ta-se-Øv ho-´n¬ Ip™n-cm-a≥ \-ºym¿ (96). X-fn-∏-d-ºv Xr-®w_-cw kz-tZ-in-bm-Wv. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b \mcm-b-WnA-Ω. a-°ƒ: Ia-em-£n, b-tim-Z, im-cZ, am-[-h≥,N-{μ-a-Xn, ]tc-X-\m-b P-\m¿-Z-\≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jvW≥ \-ºym¿, \m-cm-bW≥ \-ºym¿, {]-k-∂, Ip-™n-cm-a≥ \-ºym¿, t{]-a-e-X, ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a-N-{μ≥ \-ºym¿. ktlm-Z-c-߃: Pm-\-In A-Ω, ]-tc-X-cm-b Ir-jvtPm-kv W≥ \-ºym¿, e-£v-an kt cmP n\ n A½ C-cn-°q¿: ss]-k-°-cnA-Ω, cm-L-h≥ \Cc n° q¿: s]c nt ¶m∂ nbn-se ap-te-πm-°¬ ºym¿, \m-cm-b-Wn Ase ]n kn kt cmP n\ n tPm-kv (56). `m-cy: hm-cn A-Ω (75). a-Iƒ: kp-tem- Ω, ]m¿-hXn A-Ω. Iq-Im-e sX-øm-Ω. kN-\. a-cp-a-I≥: N-{μ≥ tlm-Z-c-߃: t_-_n (dn- (kn.sF.F-kv.F-^v). k- ^m-Xzn-a ´. Po-h-\-°m-c≥, ss]tlm-Z-c-߃: e-£v-an, I- hm-Wn-ta¬: sh-≈ntbm-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b Xpk-°-cn tZ-h-am-Xm ssl- a-em-£n, c-a-Wn (dn-´. kv-Iqƒ), ta-gv-kn (At]m-kv-‰v- am-kv-‰¿), cm-a-N- emw-]-d-º-Øv a-Ωp-hn_qZ-_n), tPm-an, k-Pn {μ≥, Im¿-Øym-b-\n, ]- s‚ `m-cy ^m-Xzn-a (90). a-°ƒ: aq-k, A-–p-√, d(e-≠≥), B≥-kn, B‚- tc-X-\m-b _m-e-Ir-jvW≥ \-ºym¿. ^o-Jv, \m-k¿. Wn (A-_q-Z-_n).

15 BKkvXv 2013 hymgw

H-am-\n a-cn-¨ bp-hm-hn-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw \m-«n-se-¯n-¡pw

im-c-Z

ap-l-½-Zv lm-Pn

l-ao-Zv

A-ÐpÀ-d-lv-am³

am-ln: sIm-tΩm-Øv]oSn-I ssX-°-≠n im-c-Z (63). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b hm-kp. a-I≥: {]tam-Zv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ssi-e-P, kp-tc-jv _m_p, {io-\n-hm-k≥, joe, {io-P-b≥.

\m-b-∑m¿-aq-e: ]-gbIm-e \yq-kv G-P‚ v \m-b-∑m¿-aq-e-bn-se C F ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn F∂ Cu-ø-® (85). `m-cy: _o-^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ -d-km-Jv (\yqkv G-P‚ v, \m-b-∑m¿-aqe), B-bn-i, J-Zo-P, k¬-a, a-dn-bw-_n, kpl-dm-_n, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-l-a-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lpssk≥, a-l-aq-Zv, C-{_mlow, ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-™n, km-Pn-Z, A-–p¿-dlvam≥ (sI.-F-kv.C._n kq-∏¿-ssh-k¿). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: kp-ld, ]-tc-X-cm-b A-l-a-Zv, ssk-\-_n, J-Zo-P. a-ønØv- \m-b-∑m¿-aq-e Pp-ama-kv-Pn-Zv A-¶-W-Øn¬ J-_-d-S-°n.

_-Zn-bS- p-°: tKm-fn-bS- p°-sØ ]n Fw l-ao-Zv (40). F≥-tUm-kƒ^m≥ tcm-K_ - m-[n-Xc - psS en-Ãn¬ Dƒ-s∏-´n-´p≠v. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X\ - mb sam-bvX - o≥-Ip-´n. amXm-hv: _o-^m-��n-a. `mcy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: kmln-\, A-kvl - d - p-±o≥, j_o¿, C¿-jm-Zv. a-cp-aI≥: B-kn-^v. k-tlm-Zc-߃: bq-kp-^v, ap-lΩ - Zv C-{_m-low, ]-tc-X\ - mb A-∫m-kv.

hn-Zym-\-K¿: Hm-t´m ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂ Nm-ebn-se A-–p¿d-lv-am≥ (-66). `m-cy: P-ao-e. a°ƒ: im-^n, k-eow, kn-±o-Jv, _m-kn-Øv, ajv-lq-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \ko-a, km-ln-\. k-tlmZ-c-߃: A-–p-√, A–p¬- Jm-Z¿, ssk-\p±o≥, C-{_m-low, _o^m-Øn-a, J-Zo-P, \-^ok, A-kv-a, ]-tc-X-cm-b A-l-a-Zv, ssk-_-\.

cm-P³

s]-cn-b: {]-ap-J I¿-jI-\pw tIm¨-{K-kv {]h¿-Ø-I-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ ]p-√q¿ sIm-S-h-e-sØ ap-≠m-Øv Ip-™n-cma≥ \m-b¿ (82). `m-cy: I-a-em-£n. a-°ƒ: \mcm-b-W≥ (sk-{I-´-dn, s\-{Im-sP k¿-ho-kv kl-I-c-W _m-¶v), N{μ≥ I-cn-t®-cn (bq-Øv tIm¨-{K-kv D-Zp-a afi-ew {]-kn-U‚ v), hnem-kn-\n. a-cp-a-I≥: KwKm-[-c≥.-

A-½p-Ip-«n-b-½ am-ln: sN-dp-I-√m-bn-bnse A-Ωp-Ip-´n A-Ω (85). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b \m-cm-b-W≥. a°ƒ: ]m¿-Y km-c-Yn, k-\m-X≥, e-ep-Zm-kv, \n¿-a-e, e-fn-X, {io-I-e, i-in-I-e, A-\n-X, ]-tcX-\m-b kp-tc-jv. a-cp-a°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥ \mb¿, tKm-]n-\m-Y≥, {]Im-i≥, Ko-X, ssj-P.

Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xn t]-cm-{º: tIm-tS-®m-ense sN-dp-thm-´v Ip-™nsam-bv-Xn (85). `m-cy: ^mXzn-a. a-°ƒ: kp-ss_-Z, l-aoZv, Ip-™m-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xn, kp-sse-J, Ip™-–p-√.

sN-dn-b ap-l-½-Zv Hm-a-t»-cn: ap-d-ºm-Øn ]p-Xp-]-d-ºn¬ sN-dn-bap-l-Ω-Zv (Im-°p˛80). `mcy: Iu-kp-Ω. a-°ƒ: ^m-Xzn-a, B-an-\, kp-ss_-Z, dm-_n-b, k¬-a-Øv.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: Xn-cp-h\ - ¥-]p-cw kz-tZ-in tIm-aØp-Ic - I-√p-hn-fb - n¬ B¿ cm-P≥ (62). `m-cy: hnP-bt- a-cn (dn-´. sl¬-Øv kq-∏¿-ssh-k¿). a-°ƒ: A-ar-X (t_-_n sa-tΩmdn-b¬ tIm-fP - v Hm-^v \-gvkn-Mv A-kn. e-IN v- d - ¿), A-£b - v (kn.Fkv.sF.B¿-˛F - ≥.sF.sF.F-kv.Sn, Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ]p-cw Pq-\n-b¿ - dn-k¿-®v s^-tem). a-cp-aI - ≥: tSm-an (Hm-h¿-kn-b¿).

Ip-ªn-cm-a³- \m-bÀ

sN-dp-]p-g: H-am-\n¬ a-cn® bp-hm-hn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂v \m-´n-se-Øn-°pw. tN-∏m-tØm-´n-se Sn hn X¶-cm-P≥-˛-tim-`-\ Z-º-XnI-fp-sS a-I≥ c-Pn-¬ BWv a-cn-®-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v I-°-d s]m-Xp-iv-a-im-\Øn¬. aq-∂p-am-kw ap-ºmbn-cp-∂p c-Pn¬- tPm-en-°m-bn hn-tZ-i-Øp t]m-b-Xv. H-am-\n-se ep-ep am-fn-em-bn-cp-∂p tPm-en. k-tlm-Zc≥: A-Jn¬.

s{S-bn³ X-«n- a-cn-¨p

sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: bp-hm-hv s{S-bn≥ X-´n-a-cn-®p. sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿ Ip-∂n-en-se ]n Fw d-^o-JmWv (43) a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se Ip-∂n¬ K-Ãv lukv {Sm-°n-em-Wv ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. cm-hnse Iq-en-th-e-°m-sW-∂v ]-d-™v ho-´n¬ \n-∂n-dßn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b lp-ªn- sambv-Xo≥. am-Xm-hv: B-kyp-Ω. `m-cy: dp-_o-\. k-tlmZ-c-߃: \m-k¿, ap-kv-X-^, kp-l-d, k-Io-\, ssk\-_, ^u-kn-b.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

X-e-t»-cn: s]m-∂yw Ip-≠p-Nn-d ]p-e-cn hm-b-\-ime-bv-°p k-ao-]-sØ \m-a-Øv ho-´n¬ cm-P-s\ (45) ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. C-bm-fpsS `m-cy- aq-∂p-am-kw {]m-b-am-b Ip-™n-s\-bpw sIm-≠v t\-c-sØ B-fl-l-Xy sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. Cu tI-kp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v t]m-en-kv c-Pn-kv-‰¿ sN-bvX tI-kn¬ dn-am‚n-em-bn-cp-∂ cm-P≥ Pm-ay-Øn-en-dßn-b Zn-h-k-am-Wv Xq-ßn-a-cn-®-Xv. s]-cn-tßmw: ]m-Sn-tbm-´p-Nm¬ sh-ßm-s´ tIm-f-\nbn-se Ip-am-dn-s‚ a-I≥ sI hn a-tl-jns\ (20) Xqßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. atljv ap-ºpw Bfl-l-Xym{i-aw \-S-Øn-bn-´ps≠∂v \m-´p-Im¿ ]-d™p. s]-cn-tßmw t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn.

Hm-t«m-dn-£-bn-Sn-¨v ]-cn-t¡-ä-bmÄ a-cn-¨p km-Pn-\

B-bn-i

kp-tc-{µ³

a-½p- lmPn

Ir-jv-W³ \m-bÀ

tXm-a-kv

I-Æq¿ kn-‰n: B-\-bnSp-°v B-an-\m-kn¬ kmPn-\ (36). `¿-Øm-hv: ]n A-_vZp-∂m-kn¿. a°ƒ: C-km-\, dp-am≥. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b A-_v-Zp¬ A-ko-kv. amXm-hv: B-an-\. k-tlm-Zc-߃: ap-\o¿, d-ao-kv, A¿-jn-\.

I-Æq¿: a-©-∏m-e-sØ ]n ]n B-bn-i (]p-a˛85). ]-tc-X-\m-b A_v-Zp- -Øm-dn-s‚ `m-cybm-Wv. a-°ƒ: ]n ]n sam-bv-Xo≥ tkTv (-tZim-`n-am-\n I-Æq¿ Su¨ G-P‚ v), sse-e, P-ao-e (sF.kn.Un.Fkv. kq-∏¿-ssh-k¿), ]-tc-X-cm-b ap-_m-d-Iv, P-∫m¿,- Pm-^¿.

X-e-t»-cn: H.hn tdm-Unse hn≥-kv-t]m¿-´v sSbv-te-gv-kn-se sXm-gn-emfn I-Xn-cq¿ A-©mwssa-en-se Im-c-°p-∂v sN-dn-b Nm-tØm-Øv kp-tc-{μ≥ (65). `m-cy: kp-a. a-°ƒ: [-\o-jv, kp-j-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jmPn, kp-[n-\.

sh-≈-ap≠: Xcp-h-Wbnse B-ZyIm-e hym]m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂ I-º aΩp- lm-Pn (85). `mcy: B-bn-i. a°ƒ: D-kvam≥, lm-cn-kv, I-Zo-P, Bky, \-ko-a, kpss_-Z, P-ao-e, am-an.

s]-cn-tßmw: ]m-Sn-tbm´p-Nm-en-se ]n-em-° Irjv-W≥ \m-b¿ (92). `mcy: e-£v-an. a-°ƒ: btim-Z, \m-cm-W-b≥, N{μn-I, Ir-jv-W≥, ssla, [-\-cm-Pv (Zp-_-bv), ic-Xv cm-Pv, ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h¬-k-e, kp-tem-N-\, _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, P\m¿Z-\≥, ho-W, Zn-hy, ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm-]me≥. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

]-\-a-cw: \-S-h-b¬ ssX-∏-d-ºn¬ tXm-a-kv (90). `m-cy: A-∂-Ω. a°ƒ: eo-em-Ω, ta-cn, t{K-kn, ta-gv-kn, tPmWn, en-kn, _m-_p, sPkn, kn-kv-‰¿ sa-do-\ (sk‚ v B≥-kv B-ip]-{Xn, hn-P-b-hm-U), hnPn, ]-tc-X-\m-b t__n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h¿-Kokv, tPm-bv, Nn-∂-Ω, tPm-kv, t{K-kn, tPm¨, sP-kn, tPm-bv, k-Æn, ]-tc-X-\m-b sk-_mÃy≥.

G-en-bm-½ Iq-S-c-™n: B-Zy-Im-e Ip-Sn-tb-‰ I¿-j-I≥ ]pfn-aq-´n¬ tPm-k-^n-s‚ `m-cy G-en-bm-Ω (85). Iqºm-d aT-Øn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: eoem-Ω, tPm-kv, kn-kv-‰¿ tPm-bv-kn, tPm¿-Pv, _m_p, ta-cn (A-[ym-]-I≥ K-h. F¬.]n kv-Iqƒ Ipam-c-\-√q¿), tPm¨k¨, tSmw (Bkv-t{Xen-b), tPm-_n, ]-tc-X\m-b Nm-t°m. a-cp-a°ƒ: ta-gv-kn (tXm-´p-ap°w), jo-e, tPm-¿-Pv (F.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ a-Ægn), am-b (]q-™m¿), _n-μp (sk‚ v ta-co-kv ssl-kv-Iqƒ I-°m-Sws]m-bn¬), \n-Ωn, \n-Ωn.

im-c-Z {_m-lav -Wn-b-½ Ip-cp-h-´q¿: Nm-e-]p-cØv im-c-Z {_m-lva-Wnb-Ω (74). s\-´q¿ h-S-t°-t\m-{ºØv _-m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ \ºo-i-s‚ `m-cy-bm-Wv. a°ƒ: c-ta-i≥ (Pn-√m k-ssπ Hm-^n-kv, tImgn-t°m-Sv), k-t¥m-jv (\-ºo-i≥-kv U-b-dn ^mw, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]pcw), c-a-Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]n Fw {io-P (F.F¬.]n.F-kv ]≈n-∏p-dw), k-c-kz-Xn, Fw Sn am-[-h≥ (D-∏nem-S-Øv ]q-°m-Sv).

Pm-\-In-A-½ t]-cm-{º: t]-cm-{º-bnse B-Zy-Im-e I-ΩyqWn-Ãv t\-Xm-hpw- Zo¿L-Im-ew- t]-cm-{º ]©m-b-Øv {]-kn-U‚pam-bn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X-\m-b B¿- \m-cm-b-W≥ -\m-bcp-sS `m-cy- sIm-√n-bn¬ Pm-\-In- A-Ω (85)-.- a°ƒ: h¬-k-e, c-ho{μ≥,- am-en-\n,- tKm-]n\m-Y≥,- h-k-¥.- a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b F sI- _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b¿,- th-Wp-tKm-]me≥ \m-b¿ (I-cp-hÆq¿),- Ip-dp-tßm-´v {io[-c≥ \m-b¿ (F-S-h-cmSv)-,- \n¿-a-e,- _o-\.-

ssa-Yn-en tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: A-co-°mSv ]-tc-X-\m-b A-ºm-fn _m-e-s‚ (_m-∏p-´n) `mcy ssa-Yn-en (84). a-°ƒ: tUm. D-jm-tZ-hn (I-Æt©-cn), {]-Im-i≥ (F-≥Pn-\o-b¿ B-kv-t{X-enb), tUm. k-Po-`m-bn (sI-b¿-sh¬ B-ip-]{Xn, cm-a-\m-´p-I-c), Zn-t\i≥ (_n-kn-\- v), tUm. \n-j (Zp-_-bv), tUm. k]v-\ (P-\-d¬ B-ip-]{Xn, Im-™-ßm-Sv). a-cp-a°ƒ: tUm. tkm-a-kp-μc≥ (]n.hn.F-kv B-ip]-{Xn), F-e-\ A-ºm-fn, tUm. _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b kp-μ-cn Znt\-iv aq-cym-Sv, tUm. Intjm¿ Ip-am¿, tUm. kptc-jv (Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn, \o-te-iz-cw).

in-h³ \m-bÀ tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: tIm-´q-fn {]-Im-i-v lu-kn¬ inh≥ \m-b¿ (75). dn-´. sI.F-kv.C._n A-kn. F-≥Pn-\o-b¿. `m-cy: imc-Zm-Ω (dn-´. \-gv-kn-Mv A-kn. sa-Un-°¬ tImf-Pv). a-°ƒ: an-\n, kt¥m-jv-Ip-am¿ (kv-t\l C-e-t{Œm-Wn-Iv-kv), in-h-{]-km-Zv (hn-t√-Pv Hm-^n-kv, h-f-b-\m-Sv). acp-a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿, A-Pn-X, Zo-]v-Xn.

A-¸n-\p- \-¼ymÀ

h-´n-{]w-: sIm-Ωn-te-cn- a\-bn¬- A-∏n-\p- \ºym¿ (91)-.- `m-cy-: ]-tcX-bm-b tZ-h-In.- a-°ƒ-: kp-[m-a-Wn -(A-[ym-]nI, h-´n-{]w- bp-.]n- kvIqƒ),- sI _m-lp-teb≥ -(F¬.-sF.kn-. Fwtπm-bo-kv- bq-\n-b≥tIm-gn-t°m-Sv- Un-hn-j≥tPm-bn‚ v- sk-{I-´-dn).- acp-a-°ƒ-: sI kn- D-ÆnIr-jv-W≥- (Iq-Øp-]-dºv-, dq-d¬- _m-¶v- am-\t¥-cn- im-J),- P-b-{io (A-[ym-]n-I Fw.-B¿.bp-.]n-.F-kv-. am-´q¬).A-¸p-«n k-tlm-Z-c-߃-: Pm-\Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: Nm-Ø-awIn-b-Ω,- tcm-ln-Wn-b-Ω,K-ew F≥.sF.Sn-°p k- ]-tc-X-cm-b I-cp-Wm-Iao-]w X-em-c-t°m-´v Ac≥- \-ºym¿,- cm-L-h≥∏p-´n (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-X\-ºym¿,- Im¿-Xym-b-\nbm-b ssj-e-t_-_n. a°ƒ: jo-\, jo-_. a-cp-a- b-Ω,- _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥°ƒ: hm-kp Iq-S-c-™n, \-ºym¿.tZ-h-Zm-kv sh-≈-∂q¿. lw-k k-tlm-Z-c-߃: `-c-X≥, ta¬-ap-dn-:- B-e-Øq¿-]I-a-e, am-[-hn, I-eymSn- F-dn-bm-S-≥ lw-kWn, Pm-\p, X-¶w, N-{μn(64). a-°ƒ-:- k-^n-b,I, ]-tc-X-\m-b I-≠≥ap-l-Ω-Zp-j,- A-–p¬- PIp-´n. k-©-b-\w hymeo¬,- P-kow. gmgvN.

Ip-ªn-am-ap X-e-t»-cn: Im-ø-Øv tdmUn-se km-Pn-Zm-kn¬ hn Ip-™n-am-ap (79). ]nXm-hv: kn A-_q-_-°¿. am-Xm-hv: h-en-tb-S-Øv B-bn-ip. `m-cy: kp-lv-dm _o-Kw. a-°ƒ: i-ao-a, l-ko-\, lm-cn-kv, lm^n-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lm-cnkv, \-ko¿, k¬-^, k^q-d. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: B-_q-´n, am-™p, \-_okp, _o-hn, k-°o-\, ]tc-X-bm-b J-Zo-kp.

Pm-\-In Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: sN-dp-Ip-fØq¿ ]p-\-Øn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b cm-a≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS bp-sS `m-cy ]p-\-Øn¬ Pm-\-In (79). a-°ƒ: inh-Zm-k≥, cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥, iym-a-f, P-\m¿-±\≥ (jm¿-P). a-cp-a°ƒ: {]-`m-h-Xn, jo-P, Kw-Km-[-c≥ (sN-dq-∏), hn-P-b-e-£v-an. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se amhq¿ tdm-Uv iv-a-im-\Øn¬. I-Æp-Iƒ Zm\w sNbvXp.

am-Wn-b-½

Pm-\-In A-½

sam-bv-Xp

_m-e-Ir-jv-W³-In-Sm-hv

\m-cm-b-W³

ImÀ-Xym-b-\n-A-½

\m-Wn

am-ln: {Km-a-Øn sN-´nbm≥-I-≠n A-bn-®p (92). a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, a-dn-bp, dlow, A-–p¬- Jm-Z¿, lko-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-en°p-´n, A-–p¬- Jm-Z¿, A-–p-∂m-kn¿, dp-Jn-b. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v {Km-a-Øn Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

ap-g-∏n-e-ßm-Sv: ]m-®m°-c Ip-\n-bn¬ lukn¬ sI am-Wn-b-Ω (90). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b A-ºp ]-Wn-°¿. a-°ƒ: cm-a≥, `-c-X≥, i-in, t{]-a≥, {]-Imi≥, im-¥, e-£v-an, ]tc-X-\m-b _m-e≥. a-cpa-°ƒ: I-Æ≥, ]-¶-Pw, k-c-f, ]-¶-Pm-£n, D-j, ]p-jv-], kp-a.

h-S-I-c: Im¿-Øn-I-∏-≈n t\m¿-Øv F¬.]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A-[ym-]n-I X-te-sImbn-tem-Øv Pm-\-In A-Ω (84). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\mb C \m-cm-b-W Ip-dp-∏v. a°ƒ: cm-[, c-P-\n, cm-a-N{μ≥ (I-√m-a-e bp.]n kvIqƒ). a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bW≥ \-ºym¿ (dn-´. d-h-\yq C≥-kv-s]-Iv-S¿), `m-kv-Ic≥ (_m-ep-t»-cn), kp-[mc-Xv-\w, ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-Xva\m-`-°p-dp-∏v.

tIm-Sn-°¬: Im-b-SØn¬ sam-bv-Xp (66). `mcy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ. d^o-Jv (Ip-ssh-Øv), Aj-d-^v (Zp-_-bv), dw-e, k-^n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Aiv-d-^v (Zp-_-bv), C-kv-amCu¬ (Ip-ssh-Øv), _m-kv-a (]-tøm-fn), sk\n-b (sIm-√-Sn). ktlm-Z-c-߃. A-–p-¿-dlv-am≥, C-°-ø, D-Ω-ø, B-bn-ip.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: ta-eq¿ \-S-°m-hn¬ _m-e-Irjv-W≥ In-Sm-hv (71). dn´. t\-hn D-tZym-K-ÿ\pw sIm-bn-em-≠n t]mkv-‰v am-Ã-dp-am-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ]m¿-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: P-b-dmw (A-[ym]-I≥ cm-a-Ir-jv-W-anj≥ kv-Iqƒ, ao-©-¥), D-ta-i≥ (J-Ø¿). a-cpa-°ƒ: a-Rv-Pp-j, tdmjv-\n.

t]-cm-{º: F-c-h-´q-cnse ]m-d-∏p-d-Øv tI-tfmØv \m-cm-b-W≥ (65). `m-cy: cm-[. a-°ƒ: {]-`, {]-`o-jv (Fw.F-kv.]n ae-∏p-dw), [-\y, Zn-hy. acp-a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, {]Xo-jv, jm-Pp. k-tlm-Zc-߃: Pm-\-In-A-Ωmfp, tKm-]m-e≥, ]-tc-Xcm-b I-Wm-c≥, Ip-amc≥, I-eym-Wn.

h-S-I-c: ]m-°-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]-c-ap-‰-Øv A-®p-X-s‚ `m-cy \m-Wn (80). a-°ƒ: N-{μ≥, `mkv-I-c≥, `m-c-Xn, Kw-Km[-c≥, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, ]tc-X-\m-b kp-tc-jv _m_p, c-ho-{μ≥, c-©≥, cRvPn-\n, Kn-co-i≥, koa, tdm-jv-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, {io-[c≥, c-ta-i≥, {]-tam-Zv, cm-Po-h≥.

Ip-ªn-_o-hn

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: ]m-e-°p-‰n tNm-e-°p-∂p-Ω¬ ]-tcX-\m-b kn sI Ip-™mbn≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy a-dnb (78). a-°ƒ: B-bn-i, A-–p-¿-d-lvam≥, tambn≥-Ip-´n, ap-l-Ω-Zv, Ajv-d-^v.

Ip-‰ym-Sn: h-t´m-fn-bn-se In-gs - ° F-ch - p-Im-´pΩ¬ No-cp (85). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X\ - m-b s]m°≥. a-°ƒ: \m-Wp, Ip™n-°Æ - ≥, cm-P≥, _m-_p, C-μn-c, ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-™n-cm-a≥.

A-tØm-fn: tXm-´-hmbv Im¿-Xym-b-\n-A-Ω (74). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\mb Nm-Øp A-Sn-tbmSn. a-°ƒ: ]p-jv-]-cmP≥, ]p-cp-tjm-Øa≥, A-Pn-Xv-Ip-am¿, ]h-\, d-jn, P-b-\n. a-cpa-°ƒ: Ku-cn, cm-P-e£v-an, {]-Pn-X, t{]a≥, ]-fl-\m-`≥, sk¬-h-cm-Pv, Zm-tam-Zc≥ \m-b¿.

A-_Zv p-Ã

D-≈n-tb-cn: Su-Wn-se B-Zy-Im-e hym-]m-cn-bmbn-cp-∂ ]q-Δ-ap-≈-Xn¬ A-_q-_-°¿ (75). `mcy: ^m-Xzn-a. a-°ƒ: apkv-X-^, _-jo¿, lmjn-Z, k-^n-b, dw-e.

Ip-‰ym-Sn: ]m-Xn-c-∏-‰-bnse ]-tc-X-\m-b H-X-tbmØv I-Wm-c-s‚ `m-cy a-μn (88). a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-Wn, tZ-hn, hm-kp , cm-[, {io-[c≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\mb Ir-jv-W≥, Ip-™n-Irjv-W≥, A-®p-X≥, ktcm-Pw (Pn.F-®v.F-kv sh-≈n-tbm-Sv), A-\n-X.

D-½m-¯-bv- D-½ ap-°w: t\m¿-Øv- Im-ct»-cn ]q-f-°-®m-en¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ko-Xn-bp-sS `m-cy D-Ωm-Ø-bv- D-Ω (70). a-°ƒ: B-bn-im_n, sam-bv-Xo-≥-tIm-b, t]m-°p-´n (tlm-´-¬ cpNn, ap-cn-ßw-]p-dm-bv).

B-bn-i \-cn-°p-\n: ]n kn ]m-ew h-≈n-bm-´p-s]m-bn-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b B-en-t°mb-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-i (78). a-°ƒ: A-Ω-Xv-tImb, B-en, J-Zo-P, a-dn-bw, d-kn-b.

^-tdm-°v: I-cp-h≥-Xn-cpØn h-en-b Pp-ap-A-Øp ]-≈n-°p k-ao-]w ap-√ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b _ocm-s‚ `m-cy Ip-™n-_ohn (73).

A-XnÀ-¯n-bn sh-Sn-h-bv-]v Xp-S-cp-¶p; c-−p \p-g-ªp-I-b-ä-¡mÀ sIm-Ã-s¸-«p ]m-Iv \-S-]-Sn-sb A-]-e-]n-¨v C-cp-k-`-I-fpw {]-ta-bw ]m-km-¡n; ]m-Iv {]-ta-bw X-Ån P-Ωp/\yq-U¬-ln: A-Xn¿-Ønbn¬ sh-Sn-h-bv-]v Xp-S-cp-∂p. ]q©v Pn-√-bn¬ 16 C-¥y≥ Im-h¬∏p-c-Iƒ-°p t\-sc ]m-Iv tk-\ sh-Sn-h-bv-]p \-S-Øn. C-¥y≥ tk-\ Xn-cn-®-Sn-®p. I-gn-™ \mep-Zn-h-k-Øn-\n-sS C-Xv H-ºXmw-X-h-W-bm-Wp ]m-Iv tk-\ sh-Sn-\n¿-ج ew-Ln-°p-∂-Xv. ]q-©v Pn-√-bn-se sa-¥¿ ta-J-ebn-em-Wp ]m-Iv tk-\ sh-Sn-h-bv]v \-S-Øn-b-sX-∂p {]-Xn-tcm-[h-‡m-hv F-kv F≥ B-Nm-cy ]d-™p. b-{¥-tØm-°p-I-fpw tam¿´m-dp-I-fpw D-]-tbm-Kn-®v sNm-Δmgv-N A¿-[-cm-{Xn-bn¬ Xp-S-ßn-b sh-Sn-h-bv-]v C-∂-se-bpw Xp-S¿∂p. P-Ωp-I-iv-ao-cn-se Ip-]v-hm-c Pn-√-bn¬ \p-g-™p-I-b-‰w C¥y≥ tk-\ hn-^-e-am-°n. shSn-h-bv-]n¬ c-≠p \p-g-™p-I-b‰-°m¿ sIm-√-s∏-´p. A-Xn¿-Øn-

bn¬ In-c¨ sk-Œ-dn-em-Wv kw`-hw. A-Xn-\n-sS, ]m-Iv tk-\-bpsS \-S-]-Sn-sb i-‡-am-bn A-]e-]n-®p-sIm-≠v tem-Iv-k-`-bpw cm-Py-k-`-bpw {]-ta-bw ]m-km°n. A-¥m-cm-{„ A-Xn¿-Øn-bn-

epw \n-b-{¥-W-tc-J-bn-epw 2003se sh-Sn-\n¿-ج D-S-º-Sn hm-°n-epw {]-hr-Øn-bn-epw ]men-°m≥ ]m-Iv k¿-°m-cn-t\m-Sv C-¥y B-h-iy-s∏-´p. C-cp-cm-Pyß-fpw X-Ωn¬ k-am-[m-\ N¿-®Iƒ-°pw k-l-I-c-W-߃-°pw

X- ø m- s d- S p- Ø p- s Im- ≠ n- c p- ∂ km-l-N-cy-Øn-em-Wp ]m-Iv tk\-bp-sS \-S-]-Sn-sb-∂pw {]-tabw Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øn. cm-Py-k-`bn¬ A-[y-£≥ lm-an-Zv A≥km-cn-bpw tem-Iv-k-`-bn¬ kv-]o°¿ ao-cm Ip-am-dpw {]-ta-bw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. C-¥y≥ tk-\-bv°pw P-\-X-bv-°pw t\-sc B-tcm]-W-߃ D-∂-bn-®p-sIm-≠v 13\v ]m-In-kv-Xm≥ ]m-km-°n-b {]-ta-bw X-≈p-∂-Xm-bpw C-h¿ k-`-I-sf A-dn-bn-®p.]m-In-kv-Xm≥ ssI-b-S-°n-h®n-cn-°p-∂ {]-tZ-i-apƒ-s∏-sS PΩp B‚ v I-iv-ao¿ kw-ÿm-\w C-¥y-bp-tS-Xm-sW-∂pw A-Xv F-°m-e-Øpw A-ß-s\-Ø-s∂ B-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂pw C-¥y {]-tab-Øn¬ hy-‡-am-°n. {]-ta-bw ]m-km-°p-tºmƒ {]-[m-\-a-{¥n a≥-tam-l≥-kn-Mv tem-Iv-k-`bn¬ k-∂n-ln-X-\m-bn-cp-∂p.-

a-Xn-ª -¸n-¯w _m-[n-¨v hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p cp-\m-hm-b: a-™-∏n-Øw _m-[n-®v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv

sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ hnZym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. ]-´¿-\-S-°m-hv h-en-b-]-d-∏q¿ kz-tZin I-cp-W-Øv ]-≈n-bm-en¬ _m-∏p-´n ap-kv-eym-cpsS a-I≥ D-ss\-kv (18) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. tIm-gn-t°mSv ]m-em-gn-bn-se C-kv-em-an-Iv tIm-f-Pn-se hn-Zym¿Yn-bm-Wv. am-Xm-hv ssk-\-_.

In-W-än ho-Wv a-cn-¨p-

a-t©-cn: a-™-∏-‰ F-°-∏m-d d-_¿-tXm-´-Øn-se In-W-‰n¬ bp-hm-hn-s\ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. F-f-¶q¿ Nm-Øw-Ip-fw A-Øm-Wn-°¬ ]-d-º≥ lpssk-\m¿ F-∂ sN-dn-tbm-s‚ a-I≥ lm-cn-kv _m_p (28) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. `m-cy: _¬-°o-k. a-°ƒ: A-kv-\, A-\-kv.

`m-cy-sb tIm-S-Xn-h-f-¸n sh-«n-s¡m-¶ tI-kn-se {]-Xn ]-tcm-fn-en-d-§n Xq-§n-a-cn-¨p

A-bn-¨p

a-µn

F-S-°-c: Hm-t´m-dn-£-bnSn-®v ]-cn-t°-‰ tlm-´¬ hym-]m-cn B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ a-cn-®p. Np-¶-Ø-d SuWn-se tlm-´¬ hym-]m-cn F-S-°-c Iq-fn-ap-≠ sN-´nbmw-sXm-Sn-I A-∫m-kv (48) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Xn-¶fm-gv-N cm-{Xn 9.-30Hm-sS -FS-°-c ap-∏n-\n {In-kv-X-y≥ ]-≈n-°p k-ao-]-am-bncp∂p A-]-I-Sw. tlm-´¬ A-S-®v a-I≥ \n-jm-Z-en-tbm-sSm-∏w ss_-°n¬ ho-´n-te-°p h-cp-∂-Xn-\n-sS ap-∏n-\nbn¬-h-®v ss_-°v \n¿-Øn C-d-ßn-b A-∫m-kn-s\ Hm-t´m C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. X-e-bv-°v Kp-cp-X-c ]cn-°p-I-tfm-sS s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-bn-se kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw sNm-Δm-gv-N ]pe¿-s® a-cn-®p. `m-cy: sk-eo-\. a‰pa-°ƒ: jm-ln-\, jm-P-lm≥ (dn-bm-Zv). a-cp-a-I≥: kp-\n¬ _m-_p.

a-dn-b

ap-Jy-a-{´n-sb Hgn-hm¡n A-t\z-j-Ww Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡n-Ã: ]n-W-dm-bn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Pp-Uojy¬ A-t\z-j-W-Øn¬ apJy-a-{¥n-sb-bpw A-t��-lØn-s‚ Hm-^n-kn-s\-bpw Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-s√-¶n¬ At\z-j-Ww X-≈n-°-f-bp-sa∂v kn.-]n.-Fw. kw-ÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dn ]n-W-dm-bn hn-Pb≥. ap-Jy-a-{¥n c-£-s∏-Sm≥ Ip-cp-´p-_p-≤n {]-tbm-Kn-°pI-bm-Wv. cm-Pn-h-bv-°pw-hsc C-S-Xp-]-£w k-a-cw Xp-Scpw. {]-t£m-`-Øn-s‚ L-´Øn-¬ D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n-°v apJy-a-{¥n-sb-∂ co-Xn-bn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-°m-sa-∂p I-cptX-≠. P-\-k-º-¿-°-am-bm-epw kw-k¿-K-am-bm-epw s]m-Xp]-cn-]m-Sn-bn-¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°msa-∂p hym-tam-ln-t°s-≠∂pw ]n-W-dm-bn hy-‡-am°n.

No-cp

D-≈n-tb-cn: ]m-tem-d ssl-kvI - q-fn-\p- k-ao-]w hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂ \mdm-Øv sN-dp-Ip-∂p-Ω¬ kn sI A-_vZp-√ (60). `m-cy: Ip-™m-an-\.

A-_q-_-¡À

Nm-e-°p-Sn: `m-cy-sb tIm-S-Xn-h-f-∏n¬-h-®v sh-´ns°m-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-b tI-kn-se {]-Xn ]-tcm-fn-en-dßn Xq-ßn-a-cn-®p.- t]m-´-˛-tam-kv-tIm Ip-‰n-em≥Iq-´w th-ep F-∂ th-em-bp-[-s\(50)-bm-Wv X-dhm-´p-ho-Sn-\p ]n-∂n-se a-c-Øn¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Ønb-Xv.- ]q-P-∏p-c sk≥{S¬ P-bn-en¬ \n-∂p ]-tcm-fn-en-d-ßn-b Cbmƒ Rm-b-dm-gv-N Xncn-®p-t]m-th-≠-Xm-bncp-∂p. 13- h¿-j-߃-°p ap-ºv `m-cy-sb tIm-S-Xn-h-f-∏n¬ sIm-e-s∏-SpØn-b tI-kn-¬ th-em-bp-[≥ Po-h-]-c-¥yw X-Shp-in-£ A-\p-`-hn-®p-h-cp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- kw-`h-Øn-\v ti-jw H-cn-°¬-t]m-epw C-bmƒ Pm-ayØn-en-d-ßn-bn-´n-√.- 1997¬ `m-cy sse-Pn-sb tImS-Xn-h-f-∏n¬ sh´-s°m-∂ kw`hw tIm-fnf-°w kr-jv-Sn-®n-cp-∂p.- _-‘w th¿-s∏-SpØm≥ Ip-Spw-_-tIm-S-Xn-bn-se-Øn-b-t∏m-gm-bncp-∂p CXv.- kz-¥-am-bn ho-Sn-√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ ]tcm-fn¬ h-cp-tºm-sg-√mw X-d-hm-´p-ho-´n-em-bn-cp∂p Xm-a-kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. Nm-e-°p-Sn t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

A-©p- a-e-bm-fn-IÄ¡v cm-{ã-]-Xn-bp-sS t]m-en-kv sa-UÂ

t{]-a-N-{μ≥, X-ºm≥, P-b-Ip-am¿, B‚-Wn tXm-a-kv, hn-\-b-Ip-am-c≥ \m-b¿ \yq-U¬-ln: kzm-X-{¥y-Zn-\tØm-S-\p-_-‘n-®v cm-{„-]-Xnbp-sS t]m-en-kv sa-U-ep-Iƒ {]-Jym-]n-®p. tI-c-f-Øn-se t]m-en-kv tk-\-bn¬-\n-∂v A©p-t]¿-°pw P-bn¬-h-Ip-∏n¬\n-∂v H-cmƒ-°pw kv-Xp-Xy¿-ltk-h-\-Øn-\p-≈ A-hm¿-Uv e`n-®p. ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ A-Sq¿ sI.-F.]n. (3) _-‰m-en-b-\n-se I-am≥U‚ v sI sI t{]-a-N-{μ≥, Imk¿-tIm-Uv \¿-tIm-´n-Iv sk¬ Un-ssh.-F-kv.-]n. ]n X-ºm≥, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw t]m-en-kv s{S-

bv-\n-Mv tIm-f-Pv ssh-kv {]n≥kn-∏¬ F≥ P-b-Ip-am¿, sXmSp-]p-g Un-ssh.-F-kv.-]n. B‚Wn tXm-a-kv, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw kv-s]-jy¬ {_m-©v kn.-sF.Un. A-kn- v I-am≥-U‚ v F≥ hn-\-b-Ip-am-c≥ \m-b¿ F∂n-h-cm-Wp tI-c-f-Øn¬-\n-∂p sa-U¬ t\-Sn-b-Xv. Xn-cp-h-\-¥]p-cw sk≥-{S¬ P-bn-en-se Akn- v P-bn-e¿ (t{K-Uv 1) ]n Ip-am-c≥ P-bn¬-h-Ip-∏n¬-\n∂p sa-U¬ t\-Sn.B-sI 864 t]¿-°m-Wv Cu h¿-j-sØ sa-U¬ {]-Jym-]n-®-

Xv. [o-c-X-bv-°p-≈ cm-{„-]-Xnbp-sS t]m-en-kv sa-U¬ B-dpt]¿-°pw [o-c-X-bv-°p-≈ t]men-kv sa-U¬ 132 t]¿-°p-am-Wv e-`n-®-Xv. t]m-en-kv sa-U-ep-I-fn¬ 87 t]¿-°v A-Xn-hn-in-„ tk-h-\Øn-\pw 639 t]¿-°v hn-in-„tk-h-\-Øn-\p-ap-≈ sa-U-ep-Ifm-Wv {]-Jym-]n-®-Xv. C-Xn-\p ]p-d-sa P-bn¬ k¿-ho-kn-se A-Xn-hn-in-„ tk-h-\-Øn-\p≈ sa-U-en-\p c-≠p-t]-cpw hnin-„-tk-h-\-Øn-\v 36 t]-cpw A¿-l-cm-bn.-

tkm-fmÀ X-«n-¸v: Pp-Uo-jy A-t\z-j-W\-Xn-Sc-]p-h-S-\n-I-¥Ä--]p-XpS§n cw: tkm-fm¿ X-

´n-∏n¬ Pp-Uo-jy¬ A-t\z-jW \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ-°v Xp-S-°-am-bn. tkm-fm¿ tI-kv kn-‰n-Mv P-Uv-Pnsb-s°m-≠v A-t\z-jn-∏n-°p-sa∂v ap-Jy-a-{¥n D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n Ign-™-Zn-h-kw {]-Jym-]n-®-Xn-\p ]n-∂m-se-bm-Wv C-Xn-\p-≈ \-S]-S-n-Iƒ k¿-°m¿ B-cw-`n-®-Xv. A-t\z-j-W-Øn-s‚ ]-cn-[nbn¬ h-cp-∂ ]-cn-K-W-\m- hn-jb-߃ \n-›-bn-°m≥ B-`y-¥c-a-{¥n Xn-cp-h-©q¿ cm-[m-Ir-jvW-s\ bp.Un.F-^v \n-tbm-Kn®n-cp-∂p. Cu km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n {]-Xn-]-£-t\Xm-°-fp-am-bn B-i-b-hn-\n-a-bw \-S-Øpw. `-c-W-]-c-am-b \-S-]-SnIƒ Im-e-Xm-a-k-an-√m-sX Xp-Sßpw. -C-Xn-\p-]p-d-ta, Pp-Uojy¬ A-t\z-j-W-Øn-\m-bn ssl-t°m-S-Xn kn-‰n-Mv P-Uv-Pnbp-sS tk-h-\-am-h-iy-s∏-´v ssl-t°m-S-Xn-°v I-Ø-b-°pw. C-Xp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´p-≈ `-c-W]-c-am-b \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ Im-e-Xm-ak-an-√m-sX B-cw-`n-°pw.


6

thÀ-]mSv

thiruvananthapuram

15 B-K-kv-Xv 2013 hymgw

ss_-¡p-IÄ Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v Kr-l-\m-Y³ a-cn-¨p am-Xyp

t{X-ky ^À-Wm-â-kv

k-l-tZ-h³

ao-\m-£n-b-½mÄ

A-e-Iv-km-−À

Zm-£m-b-Wn

tPmÀ-Öv

A-k-\m-cp Ip-ªv

s\-Sp-ºm-d: s\-Sp-ºm-d Cu-Ãv ^o¬-Uv F-tÉn¬ am-Xyp(57). `m-cy: adn-bm-Ω. a-°ƒ: kn-Ã-¿ \-hy-mam-Xyp, c-aym amXyp. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v au-≠v Im-¿-Ω¬ N¿-®n¬.

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: a-cp-Xq¿Ip-f-ß-c sX-°v sX-ßpw]-≈n¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b tPm-k-^v s^¿Wm‚-kn-s‚ `m-cy t{Xky ^¿-Wm‚-kv(87). a°ƒ: tXm-a-kv ^¿Wm‚-kv, t]mƒ ^¿Wm‚ v, F-en-k-_-Øv ^¿-Wm-‚-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sN-dp-]p-jv-]w, Um-\nt]mƒ, kv-‰o-^≥.

I-S-bv-°¬: Nn-X-d sIm√m-bn¬ Ip-d-t°m-Sv sXßpw-]-W-bn¬ ho-´n¬ k-l-tZ-h≥(80). `m-cy: cm-P-Ω. a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬, _n-Pp. a-cp-a-Iƒ: k-‘y.

N-h-d: Ip-cp-ipw-aq-Sv ]m¿h-Xn a-μn-c-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b X-¶-∏≥ B-Nm-cnbp-sS `m-cy ao-\m-£n-bΩmƒ(72). a-°ƒ: an-\n, a-√n-I, A-\n¬, kp-\n¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-P-∏≥, thWp, te-J.

Nm-Ø-∂q¿: a-©m-Sn-hnfm-I-Øv hn A-e-Iv-km≠¿ (69). `m-cy: en-√n-°p-´n a°ƒ: tdm-Wn-hn A-e-Ivkm-≠¿, sd-\n hn A-eIv-km-≠¿ kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf D-®-bv-°v H-∂n-\v Nm-Ø-∂q¿ sk‚ vtPm¿-Pv Hm¿-Ø-tUm-Ivkv- h-en-b ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬.

I-S-bv-°¬: Nn-X-d sFc-°p-gn Ip-∂pw-]p-d-Øv ho-´n-¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b {io[-c-s‚ `m-cy Zm-£m-bWn(90). a-°ƒ: hn-izw-`c≥, a-p-c-fn, hn-a-e, ]-tcX-\m-b kp-[m-I-c≥, chn, D-Ø-a≥, kp-tc-jv. acp-a-°ƒ: cm-[, ar-Zp-e, hk-¥, {]-ao-f, Kn-cn-P, \-Scm-P≥, P-e-P.

]p-\-eq¿: Im-cy-d \-°tc-Øv ho-´n¬ F≥ Fw tPm¿-÷v(87). `m-cy: ]tc-X-bm-b tim-im-a tPm¿-Pv. a-°ƒ: en-√n, t{K- n, tPm-kv, B-en, tkm-fn-Ip-´n, kn-Pn. a-cp-a°ƒ: tPm-kv, Ip-™ptam≥, h¬-k-Ω, tPm-bn, _n-Pp, tkm-Wn-b.

tPmk^v hÀ-¡n

\m-cm-b-W³ \m-bÀ

]md-tØmSv: sh´n-°¬ (sX-ßpw-aq-´n¬) tPmk^v h¿°n (Ip´nt®-´≥, 80). kwkvImcw C-∂v D®°v 3 aWn°v ho´n¬ Bcw`n®v s]mSn-a‰w sk‚ v tacokv ]≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬ . `mcy: adn-bmΩ tPmk^v. a°ƒ: tagvkn, tPm¿Pp-Ip-´n, kn_n, tPmkv, tamfn°p-´n. acp-a°ƒ: tPmbn sIm´p-Im-∏≈n, kp\n Im´n-∏o-Sn-I-bn¬ , do\m Iot®-cn-bn¬ (Ip-t∂m∂n), {InÃn ]mdmt¥m´v, _m_p hen-b]m-gq¿ (a-Wn-∏pg).

]qgnt°m¬ : h´∏≈nbn¬ tPmk^v (Ip™-®≥˛84). kwkvIm-cw C∂v D®bv°p tijw 2.30 \v ]qgnt°m¬ sk‚ v B‚Wokv ]-≈n skantØcnbn¬. `mcy. ]tcXbmb Gen°p´n. Hma√q°mc≥ IpSpw_mwKam-Wv. a°ƒ: tdm-_n≥ tPm-k^v ( kn\n-a˛kn-cn-b¬ kw-hn-[m-bI≥), tPmbn, tacn°p´n, cmPp, _m_p tPmk^v , sP n. acpa°ƒ. km_p Im™nca‰Øn¬, Xmlnd, h¬kΩ, jo_, an\n.

sIm-√w: ]p-√n-®n-d \-Sphn-e-°-c-bn¬ Xp-em-sh´-Øp lu-kn¬ ap-f-°-S A-k-\m-cp Ip-™v(86). `m-cy: F-®v sF-jm-_ohn. a-°ƒ: ap-Øp-_ohn({_o-kv Kym-kv GP≥-ko-kv, a-ßm-Sv), F k-eow Ip-´n(ku-Zn Atd-_y), F d-low-Ip´n(tZ-io-b A-¶-W-hm-Sn Fw-tπm-bo-kv bq-\n-b≥ kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚ v), F jm-P-lm≥(ku-Zn A-td-_y), sF \-ko-a, F \m-k¿-Jm≥(ku-Zn A-td-_y). a-cp-a-°ƒ: C P-lmw-Ko-¿, dw-em-_o-hn, F-®v k-_o-d, kp-_n-\, lp-ssk≥(ku-Zn A-td_y), k-_o-\.

adn-bm½ sNß-∂q¿: sh◊Wn, sXßn¬ hS-t°-Xn¬, ]tc-X-\mb sI.-hn. h¿°n-bpsS `mcy adnbmΩ (95). kwkvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v c≠n\v hc-ºq¿ a¿tØm-Ωm]≈n skan-tØ-cnbn¬. a°ƒ s]m∂-Ω, A®≥Ip-™v, _m_p,Zm-k≥, kPn, ]tc-Xcmb Ip™p-Ip-™-Ω, Ip™p-tamƒ acp-a°ƒ: s]mSn-°p-™v, Ip™q-´n, Ip™ptamƒ, eoem-Ω, tagvkn, enkn, ]tc-Xbmb en√n.

d-jo-Zm I-_oÀ Xn-cph√ : sF-°m-Sv Fw F I-_o-dn-s‚ `m-cy djo-Zm I-_o¿(58).

A¶-½ Xn-cph√: \nc-Ww ]-gt©-cn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]n hn tXm-a-kn-s‚ `m-cy A∂-Ω (80). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv. a°ƒ: cmPp, A-\n-b≥-Ip™v, Xºn, A-®≥-Ip™v, an\n, an\p. a-cp-a-°ƒ; h¬kΩ, A∂-Ω, F¬kn, im-en\n, tXm-a-kp-Ip´n, tXm-a-kv.

tXma-kv am-Xyp Xn-cph√: dn-´. F¬.kn. A-Uv-an-\n-kv-t{S-‰o-hv H-m^n-k¿ Ip-‰-∏vp-g sP ]n \-K¿ ]-Sn-™m-td-Im-embn¬ In-g-t°-Xn¬ tXma-kv am-Xyp (65).

hÀ-Ko-kv tP-¡_vv Xn-cph√: ]m-en-tb-°-c tIm-Sn-bm-´v h¿-Ko-kv tP°-_v (85). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v Im-hpw-`m-Kw bmt°m_m-b I-Øo-{U¬ sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy; tim-im-Ω. a-°ƒ; _nPp, \n¿a-e, c-aWn. acp-a-°ƒ:Hma-\, A-\nb≥-Ip-™v, _m-_p.

tPm-bn tXm-{]mw-Ip-Sn: ssZ-hwta-Sv \-cn-°p-t∂¬ tPmbn (72). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v 2\v tXm-{]mw-Ip-Sn sk‚ v a-cn-b sKm-tc-Øn ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ta-cn, tXm-{]mw-IpSn ap-≠-bv-°¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw.

A-ko-kv

e-X

t^m¿-´p-sIm®n: Zm-dpkemw tdm-´n¬ a-´-°-dºn¬ A-–pƒ A-kokv(70). `mcy: \-Zo-d.a-Iƒ:X\p, a-cp-aI≥: jn-lm-_v(jn_p).

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: ]-øm¬ tX-°pw-Ip-Sn ho-´n¬ cmP-s‚ `m-cy e-X (45).kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.a-°≥ ssh-imJv.

tPm-k-^v

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿:ta-{]Øv]-Sn tN-em-S≥ h¿-Kokn-s‚ `m-cy A-∂Ω(79).

I-f-a-t»cn: G-eq¿ ssX∏-d-ºn¬ A-¥-∏≥ tPmk-^v(90).

A-¶-½

a-W-°m-Sv: am-S-h-\ i-¶c≥ \m-b¿ a-I≥ \m-Icm-b-W≥ \m-b¿ (63). kw-kv-Im-cw ho-´p-h-f∏n¬ \-S-∂p. k-©-b\w 22\v cm-hn-se 9\v.

ta-cn A¶-amen: A¶-amen N¿®v \K¿ aqt™en ]tc-X-\mb ss]en amÿ `mcy tImX-Ip-fßc F¬.-]n.-F-kv dn-´. A-[ym]nI tacn (85). kwkvImcw C∂p D-®bv-°p ti-jw 2.30\v A¶-amen sk‚ v tPm¿Pv _kn-en° ]≈n-bn¬.

tPm-k^v

{]-`m-I-c³ a-d-h≥-Xp-cpØv: aTØn¬ {]-`m-I-c≥ (82). `m-cy: ta-\-I. a°ƒ: jmen, tPmjn, sj¿fn, ss_Pp.

ImÀ-¯n-bm\n a-d-h≥-Xp-cpØv: I-Æ-Xd-bn¬ Im¿-Øn-bm-\n (88).

sIm-√w: ss_-°p-Iƒ Iq´n-bn-Sn-®v Kr-l-\m-Y≥ a-cn®p. a-Iƒ-°pw a-s‰m-cp ss_-°v bm-{Xn-I-\pw ]cn-t°-‰p. ]-Sn-™m-sd sIm-√w, ap-f-¶m-S-Iw, Fkv.Fw.B¿.F. \-K¿ dmhp-Ø¿ ]-d-ºn¬ jm-Plm≥ (53)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ a-Iƒ B-jn-_, ss_-°v bm-{Xn-I-\m-b sIm-‰-¶-c kz-tZin lm-cn-k¨(21) F-∂n-h¿-°m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. C∂-se cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v tZ-io-b-]m-X-bn¬ D-]m-k\ B-ip-]-{Xn-°v k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. I-S∏m-°-S-bn-se kz-Im-cy tIm-f-Pn-se hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bmb B-jn-_-bp-am-bn h-cp∂h-gn jm-P-l-s‚ ss_°n¬ lm-cn-k-Wn-s‚ ss_-°v C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. X-e-bv-°v km-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ jm-P-lm≥ kw`-h-ÿ-e-Øv h-®v X-s∂ a-cn®p. sIm-√w {Sm-^n-Iv t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp. d-Pn-Xbm-Wv `m-cy. a-°ƒ: {]n≥-kn-b, B-jn-_.

ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v ]-cn-t¡-äv Nn-InÂ-k-bn-en-cp-¶-bmÄ a-cn-¨p

C-c-hn-]p-cw: ss_-°n-Sn®v ]-cn-t°-‰v Nn-In¬-k-bnen-cp-∂-bmƒ a-cn-®p. X-´ma-e Hm-en-°-c h-b-en¬ k_o-\m a≥-kn-en¬ A–p¬ X-lm¿ (61) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw ta-h-dw A-„-ap-Sn B-ip-]{Xn-°p ap-∂n¬ h-®v A–p¬ X-lm-dn-s\ ss_°v C-Sn-®n-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. X-e-bv-°v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ C-t±-l-Øn-\v A-Sn-b-¥-c i-kv-{X-{In-b \-S-Ønsb-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-√. kz-Im-cy I-ip-h-≠n I-º\n-bn-se am-t\-P-cm-bn-cp-∂p C-t±-lw. A-b-Øn¬ am-en-°-c Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ ÿm\n¬ J-_-d-S-°n. sIm-√w {Sm-^n-Iv t]m-en-kv tIsk-Sp-Øp. `m-cy: \q¿-P-lm≥. a-°ƒ: apw-Xm-kv, dnbm-kv, k-_o-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ P-eo¬, k-eow.

]-Ån-¡-em-dn a-[y-h-b-kv-I-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw am-[-hn-¡p-«n-b-½

tb-ip-Zm-kv s^À-Wm-−-kv

Kw-Km-[-c³

h-\-Pm-£n-b-½

A-c-hn-µm-£³ ]n-Å

eo-e

k-eow

tKm-a-Xn-b-½

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: th-fmhq¿ {ip-Xn-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b th-em-bp-[≥-]n-≈bp-sS `m-cy kn B¿ am[-hn-°p-´n-b-Ω (88). aIƒ: Ko-X. a-cp-a-I≥: Sn F≥ i-‡n-[-c≥\m-b¿ (No-^v am-t\-P¿, Fkv._n.Sn).

ITn-\w-Ip-fw: sh-´p-Xp-d eo-am tIm-t´-Pn¬ tb-ipZm-kv s^¿-Wm-≠-kv (76). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂pcm-hn-se ]Øn\v sh-´pXp-d sk‚ v sk-_mÃy≥ N¿-®n¬. `m-cy: eoam Zm-kv. a-°ƒ: en-ÿ Zm-kv, k≥-tPm Zm-kv, eXm tem-bn-Uv. a-cp-a°ƒ: sj-dn≥, an-\n, tem-bn-Uv tKm-a-kv.

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: sN-ºq-cv Ip-f-°m-Sv ta-te-hn-f ho´n¬ sI Kw-Km-[-c≥ (68). `m-cy: h-k-¥. a°ƒ: A-Pn-X, tPm-kv, tPm-Wn, tPm-bn, tPm¨, tPm-jn, tPym-Xn, jo-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-Pp, {]n-b, P-b, k-‘y, P-b, kn‘p, _n-Pp, kp-\n.

h¿-°-e: Im-∏n¬ I-ÆΩq-Sv s\-Sn-b-im-e hn-f ho-´n¬ _n h-\-Pm-£n-bΩ (72). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b tKm-]n-\m-Y≥ \m-b¿. a-°ƒ: k-c-kzXn,k-\n¬-Ip-am¿, kv-anX.a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-IWvT≥ \m-b¿, c-ay, kt¥m-jv-Ip-am¿.

a-S-hq¿: a-S-hq¿ jo-Pm `h-\n¬ B¿ A-c-hn-μm£≥ ]n-≈ (56). `m-cy: kn ]p-jv-I-e. a-°ƒ: jo-P, jm-P≥. a-cp-a-I≥: Kn-co-jv.

s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: ]-\-b-dØ-e ta-te-ho-´n¬ d-kme-Øn-s‚ `m-cy kn eo-e (65). kn.]n.Fw t]mßn¬ {_m-©v Aw-K-ambn-cp-∂p. a-°ƒ: e-X,teJ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\mb ]m-∏-®≥, {]-k-∂-Ipam¿.

Im-´m-°-S: A-ºq-cn Ip-´a-e I-√-Sp-°v tdm-U-cn-IØv ho-´n¬ ]n k-eow (54). `m-cy: \-Pv-an≥-km _o-hn. a-Iƒ: \-Zn-bm-_ohn. a-cp-a-I≥: ap-Po-_v ]qg-\m-Sv.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: t]mØ≥-tIm-Sv aq-gn-`m-Kw ssI-em-k-Øn¬ tKm-aXn-b-Ω (86). a-°ƒ: kZm-in-h≥ \m-b¿, t{]-aIp-am-c≥ \m-b¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-bm-b hm-k¥n-b-Ω, e-Xm-Ip-am-cn.

IÃym-Wn

am-ln: sIm-tΩm-Øv]oSn-I ssX-°-≠n im-c-Z (63). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b hm-kp.

Ipa-cIw: _km-dn\p kao]w Bcy-∏≈n Xma-c-]-≈n-bn¬ ho´n¬ ]n F tXm-akv (Ip™v 78). `mcy: kmdmΩ tXmakv. a°ƒ: ssjeΩ tXmakv (Ãm^v \gvkv ]n.-F-®v.-kn. sXm´q¿), tj¿en tXmakv (Ãm^v \gvkv IΩyqWn sl¬Øv sk‚¿ hnXpc), tPm¿Pv tXmakv (C¥y≥ t\hn hnim-J-]-´Ww). acp-a-°ƒ: sI F tPmbn (Ip-cn-bn¬ ]ndhw), km_p ]n amXyp (a-t\m-ca Xncp-h-¥-]pcw), A\nX ]n sNdnbm≥ (πm-¥m\w ]qh¥pcp-Øv). -

Zm-tam-Z-c³ ]n-Å

B-bn-ip-½

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: πm-°o-gv ao-\m-d hm-f-I-Øv ho´n¬ Zm-tam-Z-c≥ ]n-≈ (84). `m-cy: k-c-kz-Xn-bΩ. a-°ƒ: N-{μn-Im-Ω, h-k-¥-Ip-am-cn, k-Xy_m-e≥ \m-b¿, kp-μ-tci≥\m-b¿, A-\n¬-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-t\m-lc≥ \m-b¿, kp-tc-{μ≥ \m-b¿, D-j, c-a.

A-≠-tØmSv: ]m-e-s∏´n I-S-∏p-dw P-amA-Øv ]-≈n-°v sX-°v h-iw Ing-°q-´v sam-bv-Xo≥ `m-cy B-bn-ip-Ω(60). a°ƒ: A-_vp, lw-k, ap-l-ΩZv, b-Av-°q_v, B-an-\, kpss_-Z, ^m-Øn-Ω, Ip¬kp. a-cp-a°ƒ: iwkp, l ≥, kn-±oJv, \-k-dp-±o≥, l-eo-a, d-knb, lmP-d, ^u-kn-b.

tkm-_n³ N-ß-\m-t»cn: Xp-cp-Øn sIm-≠q-]-d-ºn¬ Sn Fkv t_-_n-®-( A-kw-]vj≥ tImf-Pv Po-h-\°mc≥) s‚ a-I≥ tkm_n≥ (18). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10.30 \v Xp-cp-Øn sk‚ v ta-co-kv tZ-hm-eb-Øn¬. A-Ω: kq-kΩ.k-tlm-Zcn: tkm-WnbmΩ.

a-½p- lm-Pn X-cp-h-W: X-cp-h-W-bnse ]u-c-{]-ap-J-\pw AJn-te-¥ym ap-kv-enw- eoKv Pn-√m tPm-bn‚ v sk{I-´-dn-bp-am-bn-cp-∂ ]≈n-bm¬ a-Ωp- lm-Pn (85). `m-cy: ]m-Øp l÷p-Ω.

ap-l-½-Zmen A-≠-tØmSv: ]m-∏m-fn _o®v tdm-Un¬ ]-tcX\m-b l- ≥ ]p-c°¬ Ip-™p-_m-∏p aI≥ ap-l-Ω-Zm-en(75). `mcy: B-an\p. a°ƒ: jmlp, j-d-^p-±o≥, P∫m¿, A-^v-ko≥, sj^o¬, ssl-dp-∂n-k, a¿j-_m\p. a-cp-a°ƒ: C-{_m-low, DΩ¿, \-ko-a, ^m-cn-k, ss^-kn-b, sj-°o-e.

l-ao-Z _-Zn-b-Sp-°: tKm-fn-b-Sp°-sØ ]n Fw l-ao-Zv (40). ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n.

N-ß-\m-t»cn: C-ØnØm-\w h-gp-X-\-°pt∂¬ ]m-e-aq-´n¬ ]-tcX\m-b P-\m¿-±\-s‚ `mcy I√ym-Wn (89). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D®-bv°v H∂n-\v ]m-Øm-ap-´w Fkv.F≥.Un.]n iv-a-im-\Øn¬. a°ƒ: c-aW≥, iin, imc-Z, c-Xv\-Ω, hnPb-Ω, ]-tc-X\mb taml\≥.

im-c-Z

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ \-¼ymÀ ]-ø-∂q¿: A-∂q¿ F.]n.F.kn-°-Sp-Øv ta-se-Øv ho-´n¬ Ip™n-cm-a≥ \-ºym¿ (96). X-fn-∏-d-ºv Xr-®w_-cw kz-tZ-in-bm-Wv. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b \mcm-b-WnA-Ω. a-°ƒ: I-a-em-£n, b-tim-Z, imc-Z, am-[-h≥,N-{μ-a-Xn, ]-tc-X-\m-b P-\m¿-Z\≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-eIr-jv-W≥ \-ºym¿, \mcm-b-W≥ \-ºym¿, {]k-∂, Ip-™n-cm-a≥ \ºym¿, t{]-a-e-X, ]-tcX-\m-b cm-a-N-{μ≥.

i-in

tXm-a-kv

]p-Ø-\-ßmSn: ap≥ A_v-Im-cn tIm¨-{Sm-Œ-¿ ]p-Ø-\-ßm-Sn kq-cybn¬ sI Un i-in (62). Im-bn-∏p-dw ]p-Ø≥ ]-dºn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b sI Sn Zn-hm-Ic-s‚ a-I-\mWv. P-b-kq-cy B-Wv `m-cy. kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf D-®bv-°v 12 \v. a°ƒ: ]pWy (bp.F-kv.F), ]q-P (U¬-ln). a-cp-a°ƒ: {]ho¨ (bp.F-kv.F), Zo]Iv (U¬-ln).

tN¿-Ø-e: X-Æo¿-ap°w ]-©m-b-Øv 21mw hm¿-Uv sIm-t°m-X-aw-Kew ]-Sn-™m-td am-t°md-®n-d am-[-hn (95). kwkv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ : cm-P≥,-I-cp-Wm-I-c≥,-X¶-∏≥,-]-tc-X-\m-b am-[h≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-a-Wn, c-Xv-\-Ω, -Aw-_p-Pm-£n,cm-[.

A-Ðp-Ã-¡p-«n au-e-hn

tam-l-\³

X¦-¸³

ao\m-£n-b½

a-c-Sv: Pb-¥n tdm-Un¬ ]-≠m-c-∏-d-ºn¬ Pm-\-Inbp-sS a-I≥ tam-l\≥(49). `mcy: cm-[. aIƒ: Zn-an.a-cpaI≥: IrjvW≥.

Xe-hSn: B\-{]-ºm¬ hS°v ]Xn-\m-dn¬ Nndbn¬ H.-Sn. X¶-∏≥ (Ip´n Bim≥˛85). kwkvImcw C∂v cmhnse 10.30 \v sI.-]n.-Fw.-Fkv ivaim\-Øn¬. a°ƒ: kpioe≥, kpioe. acp-a-°ƒ: cm[m-a-Wn, B\-μv

Xe-hSn: Xe-hSn kuØv Nq´p-amen IpSIp-Ø≥]-d-ºn¬ ao\m£n-bΩ (82). kwkvImcw C∂v ]I¬ 1 \v ho´p-h-f∏n¬. a°ƒ: ]pcp-j≥ (kn.-]n.sF (Fw) XehSn kuØv tem°¬ IΩ-‰n-bw-Kw), `{Z≥, tamln-\n, tam\n-®≥, aWn-b-∏≥, t]c-X-bmb B\-μ-h-√n. acp-a-°ƒ: e£van, tIma-fw, kZm\-μ≥, ]pjv], kpioe≥, Ip™-®≥

]p∂bq¿°pfw: A≠tØmSv Ipamcm≥]Sn ]Sn™mdv hiw Assk\mcIØv ]tcX\mb aqk°p´n `mcy ^mØna (60). I_dS°w \SØn. a°ƒ: apkvX^, K^q¿, kpss_Z, apwXkv. acpaI≥: _mj (_mw•q¿).

B-bn-i I-Æq¿: a-©-∏m-e-sØ ]n ]n B-bn-i (]p-a˛85). ]-tc-X-\m-b A-_vZp- -Øm-dn-s‚ `m-cy-bmWv.

a-½p- lmPn sh-≈-ap≠: Xcp-h-Wbnse B-ZyIm-e hym]m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂ I-º aΩp- lm-Pn (85). `mcy: B-bn-i. a°ƒ: D-kvam≥, lm-cn-kv, I-Zo-P, Bky, \-ko-a, kpss_-Z, P-ao-e, am-an.

Ir-jv-W³ \m-bÀ s]-cn-tßmw: ]m-Sn-tbm´p-Nm-en-se ]n-em-° Irjv-W≥ \m-b¿ (92). `mcy: e-£v-an. a-°ƒ: btim-Z, \m-cm-W-b≥, N{μn-I, Ir-jv-W≥, ssla, [-\-cm-Pv, i-c-Xv cm-Pv, ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h≥.

kn-än-Mv P-Uv-Pn-bp-sS tk-h-\-am-h-iy-s¸-«v ssl-t¡m-S-Xn-¡v I-¯-b-¡pw B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n {]-Xn-]-£-t\Xm-°-fp-am-bn B-i-b-hn-\n-abw \-S-Øpw. A-t\z-j-W-hp-ambn _-‘-s∏-´v {]-Xn-]-£-Øns‚ \n¿-tZ-i-ß-ƒ ]-cn-K-Wn-°p∂-Xn-\m-bm-Wn-Xv. A-¥n-a-Xo-cpam-\w {]-Xn-]-£-hp-am-bp-≈ N¿-®-bv-°p-ti-j-ap-≠m-Ipw. `-c-W-]-c-am-b \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ Im-e-Xm-a-k-an-√m-sX Xp-S-ßpw. -C-Xn-\p-]p-d-ta, Pp-Uo-jy¬ At\z-j-W-Øn-\m-bn ssl-t°mS-Xn kn-‰n-Mv P-Uv-Pn-bp-sS tkh-\-am-h-iy-s∏-´v ssl-t°m-SXn-°v I-Ø-b-°pw. C-Xp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´p-≈ `-c-W-]-c-am-b

\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ Im-e-Xm-a-k-an-√msX B-cw-`n-°pw. tkm-fm¿ X-´n∏p-tI-kn¬ G-Xp-X-c-Øn-ep-≈ A-t\z-j-W-Øn-\pw k¿-°m¿ {]-Xn-⁄m-_-≤-am-sW-∂v P-\ß-sf t_m-[y-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ IqSn-bm-Wv k¿-°m-cn-s‚ th-KØn-ep-≈ \o-°-߃. k¿-°m-cn-s‚ hm-Kv-Zm-\w kzo-I-cn-®v A-\n-„-kw-`-h-ß-fp≠m-hpw- ap-ºv k-a-cw ]n≥-h-en® {]-Xn-]-£-Øn-s‚ k-l-I-cW-Øn-\p-≈ \-μn tc-J-s∏-Spج Iq-Sn-bm-Wv an-∂¬-th-KØn-eq-sS k¿-°m¿ e-£yw-hbv-°p-∂-Xv.

tN¿-Ø-e : \-K-c-k-` H∂mw hm¿-Uv Nm-e-b-ßmSn-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b a-PoZn-s‚ `m-cy Ip¬-kp-_ohn (65) \n-cym-X-bm-bn. J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn. a°ƒ : \m-k¿ lpssk≥(-Pn-F-®v-F-kv-Fkv I-cn-°m-Sv,Xr-iq¿),A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv(-Z-£nWm-{^n-°),-ep-_n-\(-SnFw-Fw-kn). a-cp-a-°ƒ : A-ao¿ A-en(-J-Ø¿),kp-\n,-k-Pv-\.-

a-´m-t©cn: I-cp-th-en∏Sn B¿.sI ]n-≈ tdmUn¬ ssa{Xn \-K-dn¬ {X-b-º-I-Øn¬ {]-`p-hns‚ `m-cy Xn-tem-Ø-a {]`p(75). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cmhnse 9\v I-cn-∏m-ew cp{Z-hn-em-kw iv-a-im-\Øn¬. a-°ƒ: ssie-P, kp-K-‘ {]`p, kp-tI-jv {]`p. a-cp-a-°ƒ:ap-c-fo-[c I-ΩØv, A-\n-X, A\p]-a.

^m¯na

Nme-°pSn: X®p-S-]-dºv aT-Øn-]-d-ºn¬ hmkp(82)-.-`m-cy.-]-tc-Xbmb \mcm-b-Wn.-a-°ƒ: jm-Pn,- h-\-P, -_m-_p,jn-_p.- a-cp-a°ƒ: -{]oXn,- P-\m¿Z-\≥,- A-RvP\,- k-Pn-X.

hn-Zym-\-K¿: Hm-t´m ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂ Nm-ebn-se A-–p¿d-lv-am≥ (-66). `m-cy: P-ao-e. a°ƒ: im-^n, k-eow, kn-±o-Jv, _m-kn-Øv, ajv-lq-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \ko-a, km-ln-\. k-tlmZ-c-߃: A-–p-√, A–p¬- Jm-Z¿, ssk-\p±o≥, C-{_m-low, _o^m-Øn-a, J-Zo-P, \-^ok, A-kv-a, ]-tc-X-cm-b A-l-a-Zv, ssk-_-\.

t]m-¡À

IpÂ-kp-_o-hn

Xn-tem-¯-a

hmkp

A-ÐpÀ-d-lv-am³

tN¿-Ø-e: X-Æo¿-ap°w ]-©m-b-Øv aq-∂mw hm¿-Uv sh-≈n-bm-Ip-fw ]-´w-sh-fn h¿-Ko-kv tPmk-^v (Ip-™-∏≥ ˛79) \n-cym-X-\m-bn. kw-kv-Imcw \-S-Øn. `m-cy: t_-_n- sh-≈n-bmIp-fw a-Xp-°¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: kÆn, s_-∂n, Pn-Pn, kn\n, Pn-Ωn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: an-\n, t_-_n, Ip-™p-tam≥, tam-\n®≥.

tN¿-Ø-e : tN¿-Ø-e ap\n-kn-∏¬ H-º-Xmw hm¿Uv e-£v-an \n-hm-kn¬ cho-{μ≥-]n-≈ (66). tN¿Ø-e-bn-se c-ho-kv Km¿sa‚ v D-S-a. `m-cy : D-j. a°ƒ : e-£v-an,-P-b-e-£van. a-cp-a-°ƒ : P-b-Ipam¿,-cm-tP-jv.-

C-cn-°q¿: s]-cn-t¶m-∂nse ]n kn k-tcm-Pn-\n A-Ω (75). a-Iƒ: kptem-N-\. a-cp-a-I≥: N{μ≥ (kn.sF.F-kv.F^v).

\m-b-∑m¿-aq-e: ]-gbIm-e \yq-kv G-P‚ v \m-b-∑m¿-aq-e-bn-se C F ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn F∂ Cu-ø-® (85).

ap-l-½-Zv lm-Pn

hÀ-Ko-kv tPm-k-^v

c-ho-{µ³-]n-Å

C-cn-°q¿: Iq-cm-cn-bnse Io-Ø-S-Øv lukn¬ Sn ]n t]m-°¿ (75). C-cn-´n-bn-se B-ZyIm-e hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: Io-Ø-S-Øv A-kv-a. a-°ƒ: _-jo¿, l-\o-^ (Zp-_-bv), k°o-\, l-ko-\, \-ko-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^-co-Z, dw-eØv, D-a¿, k-eow, B-in^v (ku-Zn).

C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g Xp-tºm-en-se \m-kn-em a≥-kn-en¬ sI sI A–p-√-°p-´n au-e-hn (85). `m-cy: Ip-∂p-{ºØv sse-e. a-°ƒ: A–p¬ A-ko-kv, A–p¬ _-jo¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv A-iv-d-^v (A-Pv-am≥), C-Jv-_m¬, ln-em¬, apl-Ω-Zv dm-ln¬ (sNss∂), \m-kn-e.

tkm-fmÀ X-«n-¸v: Pp-Uo-jy A-t\z-j-W- \-S-]-Sn-IÄ- XpS§n Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: tkm-fm¿ X´n-∏n¬ Pp-Uo-jy¬ A-t\z-jW \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ-°v Xp-S-°-am-bn. tkm-fm¿ tI-kv kn-‰n-Mv P-Uv-Pnsb-s°m-≠v A-t\z-jn-∏n-°psa-∂v ap-Jy-a-{¥n D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw {]-Jym-]n-®-Xn\p ]n-∂m-se-bm-Wv C-Xn-\p-≈ \-S-]-S-n-Iƒ k¿-°m¿ B-cw-`n®-Xv. A-t\z-j-W-Øn-s‚ ]-cn-[nbn¬ h-cp-∂ ]-cn-K-W-\m- hn-jb-߃ \n-›-bn-°m≥ B-`y-¥c-a-{¥n Xn-cp-h-©q¿ cm-[m-Ir-jvW-s\ bp.Un.F-^v \n-tbm-Kn®n-cp-∂p. Cu km-l-N-cy-Øn¬

am-[-hn

Ip-ªn-cm-a³- \m-bÀ s]-cn-b: {]-ap-J I¿-jI-\pw tIm¨-{K-kv {]h¿-Ø-I-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ ]p-√q¿ sIm-S-h-e-sØ ap-≠m-Øv Ip-™n-cma≥ \m-b¿ (82). `m-cy: I-a-em-£n. a-°ƒ: \mcm-b-W≥ (sk-{I-´-dn, s\-{Im-sP k¿-ho-kv kl-I-c-W _m-¶v), N{μ≥ I-cn-t®-cn (bq-Øv tIm¨-{K-kv D-Zp-a afi-ew {]-kn-U‚ v), hnem-kn-\n. a-cp-a-I≥: KwKm-[-c≥.-

k-tcm-Pn-\n A-½

ssa-Yn-en tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: A-co-°mSv ]-tc-X-\m-b A-ºm-fn _m-e-s‚ (_m-∏p-´n) `mcy ssa-Yn-en (84). a°ƒ: tUm. D-jm-tZ-hn (I-Æ-t©-cn), {]-Im-i≥ (F-≥-Pn-\o-b¿ B-kvt{X-en-b), tUm. k-Po-`mbn (sI-b¿-sh¬ B-ip]-{Xn, cm-a-\m-´p-I-c), Znt\-i≥ (_n-kn-\- v), tUm. \n-j (Zp-_-bv), tUm. k-]v-\ (P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn, Im-™-ßmSv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: tUm. tkm-a-kp-μ-c≥ (]n.hn.F-kv B-ip-]{Xn), F-e-\ A-ºm-fn, tUm. _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b kp-μ-cn Znt\-iv aq-cym-Sv, tUm. Intjm¿ Ip-am¿, tUm. kptc-jv (Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn, \o-te-iz-cw).

tXm-a-kv ]-\-a-cw: \-S-h-b¬ ssX-∏-d-ºn¬ tXm-a-kv (90). `m-cy: A-∂-Ω. a°ƒ: eo-em-Ω, ta-cn, t{K-kn, ta-gv-kn, tPmWn, en-kn, _m-_p, sPkn, kn-kv-‰¿ sa-do-\ (sk‚ v B≥-kv B-ip]-{Xn, hn-P-b-hm-U), hnPn, ]-tc-X-\m-b t_-_n.

Ip-ªn-am-ap X-e-t»-cn: Im-ø-Øv tdm-Un-se km-Pn-Zmkn¬ hn Ip-™n-am-ap (79). ]n-Xm-hv: kn A-_q_-°¿. am-Xm-hv: h-entb-S-Øv B-bn-ip. `m-cy: kp-lv-dm _o-Kw.

tPm-kv C-cn-°q¿: ss]-k-°-cnbn-se ap-te-πm-°¬ tPm-kv (56). `m-cy: hm-cn Iq-Im-e sX-øm-Ω. ktlm-Z-c-߃: t_-_n , ta-gv-kn , tPm-an, k-Pn, B≥-kn, B‚-Wn.

A-¸n-\p- \-¼ymÀ h-´n-{]w-: sIm-Ωn-te-cn- a\-bn¬- A-∏n-\p- \ºym¿ (91)-.`m-cy-: ]-tc-X-bm-b tZ-hIn.- a-°ƒ-: kp-[m-a-Wn (A-[ym-]n-I, h-´n-{]wbp-.]n- kv-Iqƒ),- sI _mlp-te-b≥ -(F¬.sF.kn-. Fw-tπm-bo-kvbq-\n-b≥- tIm-gn-t°m-SvUn-hn-j≥- tPm-bn‚ vsk-{I-´-dn).- a-cp-a-°ƒ-: sI kn- D-Æn-Ir-jv-W≥-,P-b-{io -.-

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: ]-≈n-°-em-dn¬ a-[y-h-b-kv-I-s\ a-cn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. ]-∑-\ h-S-°pw-X-e Im™n-c-th-en ]-Sn-™m-sd X-d-bn¬ P-\m¿-±-\≥ \mb-cp-sS a-I≥ a-Wn-I-WvT≥ \m-b-¿(46) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v 12.45\v I-t√-en-`m-Kw ]p-Ø≥N-¥-bv°v ]-Sn-™m-dv h-iw B-e-∏p-d-Øv I-S-hn-\v k-ao-]-am-Wv C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw I-c-bv-°-Sn™-Xv. I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n t]m-en-kv ta¬ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

sXm-gn-ep-d-¸v sXm-gn-em-fn tPm-en-¡n-sS Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: tPm-en-°nsS Ip-g-™p-ho-Wv sXm-gnep-d-∏v sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-®p. hm-a-\-]p-cw B-\-®¬Ip-cym-Øn am-Smw-ho-´n¬ \-S-cm-P-s‚ `m-cy e-fn-X (62) bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. hm-a\-]p-cw ]-©m-b-Øv B-\®¬ hm¿-Un-se sXm-gn-epd-∏v sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-Wv. _p-[-\m-gv-N cm-hn-se 10.30 Hm-sS I-Wn-t®m-Sm-bncp-∂p kw-`-hw. tPm-en-sN-bv-Xp-sIm-≠n-cn-s° C-h¿ Ip-g-™p-ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. 108¬ sa-Un-°¬-tImf-Pn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. a-°ƒ: jmPn, _o-\, jo-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Zo-], cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥.

s{S-bn\-]-I-S-¯n a-cn-¨p

s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: s{S-bn-\-]I-S-Øn¬ Kr-l-\mY≥ a-cn®p. s]-cp-º-gp-Xq¿ ]p-∂-bv°m-Sv tX-c-∂q¿-]p-Xp-h¬ ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ tk-hy¿ (42) B-Wv a-cn®Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn 7.30\v ]m-fw ap-dn-®p-I-S-°ptºmƒ F-Xn¿-Zn-i-bn¬-\n∂p-h-∂ s{S-bn≥ tk-hy-dn-s‚ Im-en¬-°q-Sn I-b-dnbn-d-ßp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. \n-e-hn-fn-tI-´v- Hm-Sn-°q-Sn-b \m-´p-Im-cpw _-‘p-°-fpw- s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c Pn-√m Bip-]-{Xn-bn-epw A-hn-sS-\n-∂v sa-Un-°¬-tIm-f-Pnte-°pw F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-cn-®p. ]n-Xm-hv: Nm¿-fn-kv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: kn _n-\p, kn im-¥n. `m-cy: ta-cn _o-\. a-°ƒ: ku-ay, Pn-Øp.

bphmhv Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

tIm-h-fw: I-\ym-Ip-am-cn-°-Sp-Øv ssa-em-Un {]-tZi-sØ kp-{_-“-Wy-]p-cw tIm-f-\n-bn-se sN-√-øbp-sS a-I≥ kp-tc-jv (29) Ip-g-™p-ho-Wv a-cn-®p. tIm-h-f-sØ H-cp A-º-e-Øn¬ tPm-en-°p- h-∂-Xmbn-cp-∂p. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-`hw. hn-gn-™w k¿-°m¿ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®¶n-epw- c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-bn-cp-∂p.

Zp-_-bn a-cn¨ bp-hm-hn-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw C-¶p \m-«n-se-¯n-¡pw

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: Zp-_-bn¬ tPm-en-°n-sS- A-]-I-SØn¬ a-cn-® bp-hm-hn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂p \m-´n-seØn-°pw. hm-a-\-]p-cw Ip¶p-a-t»-cn ho-´n¬ in-h-Zmk≥-˛-ko-X Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sSa-I≥ {]-Im-iv (39) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. S-b-dn¬ Im-‰p-\nd-bv-°-sh dn-Mv s]m-´nsØ-dn-®v ]-cn-t°-‰-Xm-Wv a-c-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂p _‘p-°ƒ ]-d-™p. ar-XtZ-lw ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ kwkv-I-cn-°pw. `m-cy: {]n≥-kn. a-Iƒ: A-]¿-W. aq-∂pam-kw {]m-b-ap-≈ a-I-\p-ap-≠v.

Ip-\n-ãp_p-²n A-h-km-\n-¸n-¡n-sÃ-¶ H-am-\n a-cn-¨ bp-hm-hn-sâ s{S-bn³ X-«n- a-cn-¨p sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: bp-hm-hv s{S-bn≥ X-´n-a-cn\n-e-]m-Sm-Wv ap-Jy-a-{´n-¡v: ®p. -sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿ Ip-∂n-en-se ]n Fw darX t Zl w \m« ns e¯ n¡ pw ^o-JmWv (43) a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se IpsNd p] pg : Ha m\ n¬ ac n® bph mh ns ‚ arX t Zl w ssh-¡w hn-iz³ C-∂v \m-´n-se-Øn-°pw. tN-∏m-tØm-´n-se Sn hn X-¶- ∂n¬ K-Ãv lu-kv {Sm-°n-em-Wv ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: tkm-fm-¿ X´n-∏n¬ P-\-i-‡n-°v ap-ºn¬ ap´p-Ip-Øn-bn-´pw X-s‚ Ip-\n-„p_p-≤n A-h-km-\n-∏n-°n-s√-∂ \n-e-]m-Sm-Wv ap-Jy-a-{¥n-s°∂v F¬.Un.F-^v I¨-ho-\¿ ssh-°w hn-iz≥. C-Ø-cw \n-e]m-Sp-I-sf C-S-Xp-ap-∂-Wn AwKo-I-cn-°n-√. {In-an-\¬ tI-kv A-t\z-j-W-Øn-s‚ Xp-S¿-®-bmbn Pp-Uo-jy¬ A-t\z-j-WsØ am-‰p-I-sb-∂-X-√, C-Xp-ambn _-‘-s∏-´ F-√m {]-iv-\-ßsf-bpw Pp-Uo-jy¬ A-t\z-jW-Øn-s‚ ]-cn-[n-bn¬ sIm≠p-h-cn-I-bm-Wv th-≠-Xv. Ip-‰-hm-fn-bm-b D-Ω≥-Nm≠n-sb-bpw A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ Hm-

^n-kn-s\-bpw Pp-Uo-jy¬ At\z-j-W-Øn-s‚ ]-cn-[n-bn¬\n-∂v H-gn-hm-°m-\p-≈ k-ao-]\-sØ H-cp Im-c-W-h-im-epw Aw-Ko-I-cn-°m-\m-hn-√. ap-Jy-a{¥n cm-Pn-h-bv-°p-∂-Xp-h-sc {]t£m-`w Xp-S-cp-w. D-]-tcm-[-k-ac-Øn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn D-b¿-∂p-h∂ P-\-i-‡n-bpw hn-Im-c-hpw IW-°n-se-Sp-Øv ap-Jy-a-{¥n cmPn-h-bv-°p-I-bm-Wv th-≠-Xv. ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bp-sS cm-Pn D≠m-Ip-∂-Xp-h-sc C-t∏mƒ \-SØp-∂ I-cn-s¶m-Sn Im-Wn-°epw s]m-Xp-]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ _-lnjv-I-cn-°-epw Xp-S-cp-sa-∂pw At±-lw hm¿-Øm-°p-dn-∏n¬ Adn-bn-®p.

cm-P≥-˛-tim-`-\ Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ c-Pn-¬ B-Wv acn-®-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v I-°-d s]m-Xp-iv-a-im-\-Øn¬. aq-∂p-am-kw ap-ºm-bn-cp-∂p c-Pn¬- tPm-en-°m-bn hn-tZ-i-Øp t]m-b-Xv. H-am-\nse ep-ep am-fn-em-bn-cp-∂p tPm-en. k-tlm-Z-c≥: AJn¬.

I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. cm-hn-se Iq-en-th-e-°m-sW∂v ]-d-™v ho-´n¬ \n-∂n-d-ßn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b lp-ªn- sam-bv-Xo≥. amXm-hv: B-kyp-Ω. `m-cy: dp-_o-\. k-tlm-Z-c߃: \m-k¿, ap-kv-X-^, kp-l-d, k-Io-\, ssk-\-_, ^u-kn-b.

a-ª-¸n-¯w _m-[n-¨v hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

Xn-cp-\m-hm-b: a-™-∏n-Øw _m-[n-®v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ hnZym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. ]-´¿-\-S-°m-hv h-en-b-]-d-∏q¿ kz-tZin I-cp-W-Øv ]-≈n-bm-en¬ _m-∏p-´n ap-kv-eym-cpsS a-I≥ D-ss\-kv (18) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. tIm-gn-t°mSv ]m-em-gn-bn-se C-kv-em-an-Iv tIm-f-Pn-se hn-Zym¿Yn-bm-Wv. am-Xm-hv ssk-\-_.

X-e-t»-cn: s]m-∂yw Ip-≠p-Nn-d ]p-e-cn hm-b\-im-e-bv-°p k-ao-]-sØ \m-a-Øv ho-´n¬ cmP-s\ (45) ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. C-bm-fp-sS `m-cy- aq-∂p-am-kw {]m-bam-b Ip-™n-s\-bpw sIm-≠v t\-c-sØ Bfl-l-Xy sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. Cu tI-kp-am-bn _‘-s∏-´v t]m-en-kv c-Pn-kv-‰¿ sN-bv-X tIkn¬ dn-am‚n-em-bn-cp-∂ cm-P≥ Pm-ay-Øn-end-ßn-b Zn-h-k-am-Wv Xq-ßn-a-cn-®-Xv.


Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2013-08-16