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thÀ-]mSv

KOCHI

27 Pq-sse 2013 i\n

Im-ap-I-sâ I-S-bv-¡p-Ån bp-h-Xn Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn cp-Kv-a-Wn-b-½

cp-Iv-a-Wn

tPm-k-^v hÀ-¡n-

]-hn-{X³-

bq-k-^v

N-{µ³-

_m-h sk-bv-Xm-en

s]-cn-ßm-e: ssI-∏-≈n∏-d-º-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b tI-i-h≥ C-f-bn-S-Øns‚ `m-cy cp-Kv-a-Wn-bΩ(79). a-°ƒ: hn-a-e, A\-¥-Ip-am¿, {io-Ip-am¿, hn-t\m-Zv-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: i-io-[-c≥-\m-b¿, P-b-{io, {io-I-e,k-cn-X.

h-S-t°-I-c: ]-´-Ww-I-cbn¬ h-en-b-ho-´n¬ them-bp-[≥ `m-cy cp-Iv-aWn(67).-a-°ƒ: k-Po-hv, kp-tc-jv, k-t¥m-jv. a-cpa-°ƒ: ssj-\n, A-Pn, Ie.-

tIm-X-aw-K-ew: a-e-bn≥Io-gv s\-Sp-ßm-´v tPm-k^v h¿-°n(84). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p D-®-bv-°p-tijw 2\p tIm-X-aw-K-ew sk‚ v tP¿-Pv I-Øo-{Uen¬. `m-cy:A-∂-°p-´n tPm¿-Pv (tIm-X-aw-K-ew tXm-{º-°p-Sn Ip-Spw-_mwKw) a-°ƒ: ta-gv -kn, tPmkvv, t_-_n(sF-Un-_nsF P-\-d¬ am-t\-P¿, sN-ss∂), ]-tc-X-\m-b tP¿-Pv , tam-fn, hn¬k¨(Ip-ssh-‰v), joe,jm-Pn(Zp-_m-bv). a-cp-a°ƒ: B‚-Wn I-f-∏-dØvv ]-d-hq¿,tPm-fn C-SØn-°p-Sn-bn¬ B-b-h\, am-Kn sN-º-I-t»-cnbn¬ apw-ss_, kn- n sh-´n-°p-gn-bn¬ tIm-St©-cn, tPm-kv B-e-∏m´vv sXm-Sp-]p-g, sP-kn CSm-´p-Im-c≥ B-º√q¿,s_-∂n I-Sp-Iw-am°¬ I-√m-t\m-Sv , _n-μp Nm-a-°m-e-bn¬ sXm-Sp]p-g.-

N-¥n-cq¿: sh-fp-Øp-≈n tIm-f-\n {io-Pm-e-bØn¬ ]-hn-{X≥(74).-`mcy: Im¿-Øym-b-\n. aIƒ: {io-Pm-tamƒ, a-cp-aI≥: k-Po-h≥.-

ap-hm-‰p-]p-g: t]-g-bv-°m∏n-≈n a-l-√n¬ Xm-a-kn°p-∂ ap-l-Ω-Zv a-I≥ bq-k-^v(58).-`m-cy: ^mØn-a. a-°ƒ:A-en, Ajv-d-^v, l-\o-^. a-cp-a°ƒ:P-ko-\, A-\o-k

]-´n-a-‰w: H-en-∏p-d-Øp-ae I-t√-cn ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b X-¶-∏-s‚ a-I≥ N{μ≥(57). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p ho-´p h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: eo-e Ip-Ω-t\m-Sv. a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, cm-Jn.-a-cp-a°ƒ: ]q-P, Ko-X.-

]-´n-a-‰w: ssπ-hp-Uv I-º\n-bp-S-a Nq-c-t°m-Sv I-cbn¬ ]-tX-X-\m-b X-øem¬ _m-h-bp-sS a-I≥ _m-h sk-bv-Xm-en(63).J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse 11\p tN-e-°p-fw ate-∏-≈n J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.`m-cy a-™-s∏-´n Fkm-»-cn Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw dp-Jn-b. a-°ƒ: _m-_p sk-bv-Xm-en (hm-g-°p-fw tªm-°v ]-©m-b-Øv Ãm‚-n-Mv I-Ωn-‰n sN-b¿am≥), io-_, A-\-kv. acp-a-°ƒ: A-Uz.-kn-\n _m-_p, A-\-kv

tKm-]n sN-ß-∂q¿: A-ßm-Sn°¬ sX-°v, {In-kv-Xy≥tIm-tf-Pn-\v k-ao-]w, ]pØ≥-]p-c-bv-°¬, Fw.-F≥ tKm-]n (72) kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn. `m-cy `m¿§-hn. a-Iƒ im-¥n. a-cp-aI≥ tkm-a≥

Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv ap-ÉymÀ A-Sn-am-en: a-∂m-¶m-e ]´-fm-bn¬ ]n F-®v Ip™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-…ym¿ (sIm-®p ap-…ym¿v ˛ 73). J-_-d-S-°n.-a-°ƒ ˛ \_o-k, A-kv-a, l-ssk\m¿, ^m-Øn-Ω, lm-P-d, dp-Jn-b, l-ko-\, Peo¬.-a-cp-a-°ƒ ˛ aocm≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b ssaXo≥, \m-k¿, ]-tc-X-\mb ap-l-Ω-Zv, P-∫m¿, lΩm-Zv, \-ko¿, l-eo-a.

]-c-ta-iz-c³ ]n-Å

Xn-cp-h-√: a-Wn-∏p-g {io hn-Zym-[n-cm-P F≥.-F-kv.F-kv I-c-tbm-Kw sk-{I´-dn s]m-Sn-bm-Sn I-≠Øn¬ Pn ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ ]n-≈ (81) kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 9\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬.- `m-cy: sN-√-Ω.a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv Ipam¿,k-Xn, k-_n-X,ktcm-Pw,]-tc-X-bm-b kmhn-{Xn.-a-cp-a-°ƒ: kn‘p,cm-P≥ ]n-≈,c-hn, ]tc-X-bm-b i-in,Ir-jv-W ]n-≈.-

\-fn-\-½ a-Æ-t©-cn: ap-l-Ω Ducm-fn¬ ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ in-h≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy \-fn-\-Ω (69). a-°ƒ: Djm-dm-Wn, cm-tP-jv, ]-tcX-\m-b k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-timIvv-Ip-am¿, jn-Pn, c-iv-an.

X-¦-½ Xn-cp-h-√: ap-Øq¿ ]m-d°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm®p-Ip-™n-s‚ `m-cy X-¶Ω (83) J-_-d-S-°w \-SØn.-

_n-Pp Ip-a-fn: ]-tc-X-\m-b dn-´.t]m-kv-‰p-am-kv-‰¿ sF-°c N-{μ-s‚ a-I≥ _n-Pp sF kn(44). kw-kv-Imcw ]n-∂o-Sv. `m-cy:_n-μp, a-°ƒ:_n-_n≥, \o-Xp. am-Xm-hv:kp-a-Xn.

G-{_-lmw Xn-cp-h-√: Hm-X-d I-Wnbmw ]p-g °-c sI Fw G-{_-lmw (80) kw-kvIm-cw ]n-∂o-Sv .-`m-cy : kqk-Ωa-°ƒ: ]p-jv],ssj-\n,jn-_n,{]-n≥kv.- a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-h.-tPmkv Np-\-aTw,jm-_p,_nPp,hn-Pn.-

Pm-\-In

Xn-cp-h-√: Im-hpw `m-Kw ]q-®-°m-e-m-bn¬ Pm-\In(75) kw-kv-Im-cw \-SØn.-

^m-¯n-a l-Öp-½

Xn-cp-h-√: \o-tc-‰p ]p-dw Xp-≠n-∏-d-ºn¬ Pn sIm®p Ir-jv-W ]n-≈ (74)

Ip-a-c-Iw: _-km-dn-\p k-ao-]w I-cn-™m-´p-Ipgn-bn¬ tP-°-_v tPm¨ (Ip-™v 74). i-h-kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v 3.30\v Ip-a-c-Iw \-h-\-{kØv ]-≈n-bn¬. `m-cy: tacn-°p-´n sIm-Ø-f-tج (Im-™n-c-Øn-aq-´n¬) Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw.

A-co-t°m-Sv: ]-Ø-\m-]pcw im-¥n-\-K-dn¬ ]q-Δ©o-cn cm-a≥- \m-b¿ (82). `m-cy: cp-Kvan-WnAΩ. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-bm-b D-j, Aw-_n-I, D-Z-b-N{μn-I. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cmb-W≥, tam-l-\≥, {io[-c≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \m-cm-b-W≥-\m-b¿, tKmhn-μ≥-Ip-´n-\m-b¿, Pm-\In-b-Ω, ]-tc-X-\m-b Irjv-W≥-\m-b¿.

cm-a-\m-´p-I-c: tIm-f-Pv tdm-Un¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Nm-cp-]-Sn-°¬ Ip-´q-kbp-sS `m-cy F-S-t°m-´v ^m-Xzn-a l-÷p-Ω (94). a-°ƒ: aq-k-t°m-b (dn-´. sh-ln-°nƒ kq-∏¿-sshk¿, sI.F-kv. B¿.Sn. kn.), ssk-X-e-hn (F-Ivkv. k¿-ho-kv), A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿ (A-am-\n sa-Un°¬-kv, cm-a-\m-´p-I-c), C-{_m-low, ap-l-Ω-Zv Imknw, A-–p¬ d-km-Jv (k-_v F≥-Pn-\o-b¿, sI.F-kv.C._n. I-Wnbmw-]-‰), J-Zo-P, ]-tc-X\m-b _o-cm≥-tIm-b.

sIm-¨p Ir-jv-W ]n-Å

tP-¡-_v tPm¬

cm-a³ -\m-bÀ

a-{´n a-ª-fmw-Ip-gn A-en-bp-sS am-Xm-hv Ip-ªm-bn-i l-Öp-½

ap-≈-cn-ßm-Sv-: ]-tc-X-\mb-h-´-°m-hn¬- Io-cymt°m-bp-sS `m-cy- dmtl¬- (83)- .-kw-kv-Im-cw\-S-Øn.-- a-°ƒ-: ta-cn,_m-_p,- kn-kn,- Ip-cym®≥,- X-ºn (kn-]n-sF Fw- ap-≈-cn-ßm-Sv- tem°¬- I-Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw).- acp-a-°ƒ-: t]mƒ,- ]-tc-X\m-b km-ep,- B-eo-kv,\m≥-kn,- kn-an-\n-.--

cm-a-]p-cw: -a-{¥n a-™fmw-Ip-gn A-en-bp-sS amXm-hv ]-\-ßm-ß-c a™-fmw-Ip-g-n ]-tc-X-\mb ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ am-\phn-s‚ `m-cy- Im-®n-\n°m-Sv s]-cn-©o-cn Ip™m-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (95). a-‰p-a-°ƒ: A-e-hnlm-Pn, A-l-Ω-Zv- lm-Pn, sam-bv-Xn, ssl-Z¿, A–p-√, A-_q-_-°¿ kn±o-Jv (F-√m-h-cpw kuZn), _o-hn, J-Zo-P, ]-tcX-\m-b D-Æn-b-h-d lmPn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: am-{ºsØm-Sn kq-∏n- lm-Pn ]\-ßm-ß-c, Im-cm-´n¬ A-en A-cn-{], d-kn-b, ^m-Øn-a-°p-´n, a-dn-bpΩ, ssa-aq-\, ssa-aq-\, kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-i, _o-\, a-dn-bp-Ω. ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-e-hnlm-Pn, tIm-bm-∏, ^mØn-a, C-Øo-a, ssk-\_, km-dm-D-Ω, J-Zo-P, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-´n-lk≥ lm-Pn.

dm-tlÂ-

Kw-Km-`m-bn

_m-_p

A-¸p-¡p-«³

Ip-ªp-tamÄ

am-Wn-Iy³

A-Ðp-tam³

Ip-ªp-s]-®v

jn-Pp cm-Pp

ssh-∏n≥: Ip-gp-∏n-≈n¬ h-tØ-cn-∏-d-ºn¬ _n.Kw-Km-`m-bn(99).kwkv-Im-cw C-∂p 10\p sNdm-bn s]m-Xp-iv-a-im-\Øn¬.

Im°-\mSv: sX-tßm-Sv am-S-∏n-≈n¬ h¿-Ko-kv aI≥ _m-_p(57). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂p D-®-bv °pti-jw sX-tßm-Sv sk‚ v ta-cn-kv am¿-Ø-adn-bw b-t°m-_m-b ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy:ta-cn. a°ƒ: jn-Pn, F¬-tZm. a-cp-a°ƒ: jn_p, Um\n.

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: C-cn-ß-∏pdw ho-´n¬ Ip-´-∏ a-I≥ A-∏p-°p-´≥ (77). `m-cy: N-{μn-I. a-°ƒ: cm-Po-hv, k-Po-hv, jm-Pn. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-Pn, {]n-b, kp_n.-

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: ]-tc-X-\mb ]p-∂ A-ø-∏-s‚ `m-cysh-´-Øv ]-d-ºv Ip-™ptamƒ(67). a-°ƒ: a-Wn, hm-kptZ-h≥, B-\-μ≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: jo-P,- D-j.-

am-Xyp

hn-im-em-£n A-½-

Nm-e-°p-Sn: ]-Sn-™m-sd \m-b-c-ßm-Sn Im-´n-e-]-dºn¬ am-Wn-Iy≥(86). `mcy: A-Ωp-Ip-´n. a-°ƒ: hn-em-kn-\n, kp-{_≥, e-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-L-h≥, cm-a-Irjv-W≥, _n-μp, ]-tc-X\m-b i-kn.

Nm-h-°m-Sv: N-°w-I≠w: ssX-°m-Sv ]-©m-bØv ap≥ {]-kn-U‚ vpw tIm¨-{K-kv t\-Xm-hpam-b H Sn A-–p tam≥ (84). `m-cy: kp-lv-d. a°ƒ: I-_o¿, \u-^¬, jo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n-j, \u-j-P, jw-kp-±o≥.-

th-e-Øp-ti-cn: Xp-ºti-cn ]p-fn-°¬ ]-tc-X\m-b \m-cm-b-W-s‚ `mcy Ip-™p-s]-Æv (80). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-°v H-∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: am-[-h≥, c-hn, tZh-In, ]-tc-X-\m-b {io-[c≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: im-¥, h¬-k, Ip-´n-b-Ω, Ip™q-´n.

s\-Sp-am-hv: ]p-fn-°¬-Ih-e X-In-Sn-bn-¬ cm-Pp-hns‚ a-I≥ jn-Pp cm-Pp (Ip-™v˛24). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-°v c-≠n-\v ]p-fn-°¬-I-h-e sk‚ v ta-cn-kv ]-≈n-bn¬. `mcy: B-Xn-c G-e-∏m-d N{μ-Øn¬ ]-d-ºn¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw. a-Iƒ: A-[o\.

\o-e-I-WvT³- -

sam-bv-Xp ap-k-eymÀ

A-l-½-Zv- lm-Pn

hÀ-¡n sXm-Sp-]p-g: s]-cp-ºn-≈n®n-d sIm-≠q¿ h¿-°n (Ip-™v-˛88). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v s]-cp-ºn-≈n-®n-d sk‚ v tPm-k-^v ]-≈n-bn¬. `mcy ]-tc-X-bm-b G-en-°p´n sa-gp-I-\m¬ h-≠-a-‰w Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ : ]-tc-X-bm-b Nn-∂-Ω, tPm¿-÷v (s]-cp-ºn-≈n®n-d), ta-cn, kn-kn-en, jm-Pp sIm-≠q¿ (c≠m¿, ap-hm-‰p-]p-g). a-cpa-°ƒ : sk-_m-Ãy≥ ]m-°m-t´¬, em-en tPm¿-÷v, tPm-Wn am-dm´n¬, tPm-Wn X-S-Øn¬ , sP-kn jm-Pp.-

`-hm-\n Hm-a-t»-cn: ]p-√q-cmw-]m-d ]p-Ø≥-]p-c-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b cm-a-Ir-jv-W-s‚ `mcy `-hm-\n (85).

ta-∏m-Sn: ]p-‰m-Sv sh-´nt°m-´n¬ am-Xyp (Ipt™-´≥-˛84). `m-cy: am¿-K-c-‰v (sIma-dn-b-¡p-«n sXm-Sp-]p-g: I-cn-a-Æq¿ ®n A-d-°-∏-d-ºn¬ IpXm-g-tØ-S-Øv ]-tc-X-\m- Spw-_mw-Kw). b Sn. F. Nm-t°m-bp-sS a-°ƒ: tPm-k-^v, (Ip-t™-´≥) `m-cy a-dnjm-Pn, tPm-bv-kn, tPm¿b-°p-´n (82) . kw-kv-ImPv, hn≥-sk≥ (e-≠≥), cw \m-sf D-®-I-gn-™v 2.- ]-tc-X-cm-b Nn-∂-Ω, Zm30\v I-cn-a-Æq¿ sk‚ v kv, Uo-°≥ km-_p. ata-co-kv s^m-tdm-\ ]cp-a-°ƒ: en-kn, km-en, ≈n-bn¬. tIm-Sn-°p-fw t]mƒ, km‚n, t_-_nam-t©-cn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw®≥. K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ tPm-bn (dn-´. D-tZym-K-ÿ≥, C-Spam-[-h³ °n Pn-√m-k-l-I-c-W _m-¶v), tPm-k-^v, A-®m- Du-c-≈q¿: ]-Sn-™m-sd B-im-cn-°¬ am-[-h≥ Ω, am¿-´n≥ (bp-F-kv(68). F). a-cp-a-°ƒ : tam-fn `m-cy: tZ-hn. a-°ƒ: sXm-´n-bn¬, h-’-Ω k-Xy≥, kp-a-Xn, k-PnsF-°-c, _m-_p Ip∂pw-]p-d-Øv, t{K-kn sN- X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tam-l\≥, tam-l-\≥. º-Ip-fw, tXm-{]mw-Ip-Sn

tI-cf - m-[o-iz-c] - p-cw: ]tc-X\ - m-b ]p-Øq¿ tImgn-t»-cn tKm-hn-μ≥-Ip-´n ]-Wn-°c - p-sS `m-cy \-Sphn¬-∏m-´v hn-im-em-£n A-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: C-μn-cm-tZ-hn, hn-Pb - e - £ - va - n, k-Xo-tZhn, D-Æn-Ir-jvW - ≥. a-cpa-°ƒ: \m-cm-bW - ≥- \mb¿, A-\n-X, ]-tc-Xc - m-b `m-kvI - c - ≥- \m-b¿, hn-iz\m-Y≥- \m-b¿.

_n-cn-b-¡p-«nh-en-b-ßm-Sn-:- a-¶-csØm-Sn- ]-tc-X-\m-b- Ben-°p-´n-bp-sS- `m-cy- X-´m≥-sXm-Sn- _n-cn-b-°p-´n(75)-.a-°ƒ-:- Ip-™n-ap-lΩ-Zv,- _-jo¿,- ap-kv-X-^(Pn-±-),- a-Po-Zv,- k-ao¿- (Pn±-),- k-eo-\.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:J-Zo-P,- dw-e,- km-Pn-Z,- dko-\,- lm-cn-^,- _jo¿.-

ap-l-½-Zv- -

A-_q-_-¡À lm-Pn tX-™n-∏-ew: A-co-∏m-dbn-se I-≈n-bn¬ A-_q_-°¿ lm-Pn (_m-∏p-Ipt™m≥-˛77). `m-cy-am¿: P-ao-e, ]-tc-X-bm-b a-Ωocp-Ω. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, Ip-™n-^m-Øn-a, d-knb,a-dn-bw-_n.

ta-em-‰q¿: In-g-°pw-]mSw Np-≈-n-tbm-Sp-Ip-∂v ]qf-Øv ap-l-Ω-Zv (55). `mcy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: hm-ln-Zv, kp-[o¿, \-koa, l-k-\-Øv, \-Zo-d. a-cpa-°ƒ: dp-_o-\, ^-koe, d-^o-Jv.

sam-d-bq¿: U¬-ln _yqtdm C‚-en-P‚ v dn-´. Poh-\-°m-c≥ ]q-W-°m´n¬ \o-e-I-WvT≥ (65). `m-cy: Pm-\-In. a-°ƒ: A-Uz. \n-tPjv-Ip-am¿, P-tb-jv-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-Iƒ: \o-Xp. ktlm-Z-c-߃: im-¥, kp-Ip-am-c≥, kp-μ-c≥, cm-[m-a-Wn, cm-tP-{μ≥.

D-½-¿-D-½ I-°m-Sv: tXm-´p-߬ apl-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy `-K-h-Xn Im-hp-߬ D-Ω-ø-D-Ω (108). a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-sambv-Xo≥, ^-{Ip-±o≥.

h-S-I-c: Im¿-Øn-I-∏-≈n sXm-≠-º-Øv ao-ج sam-bv-Xp ap-kv-eym¿ (85). `m-cy: A-bn-ip. a-°ƒ: A-Ω-Zv, A-_v-Zp¬ a-Po-Zv, ap-Ø-en-_v, \-^o-k. acp-a-°ƒ: lm-jnw, kpss_-Z, B-bn-i, dm-jn, \-Po-d. k-tlm-Z-c≥: A_v-Zp-√ ]-d-º-Øv.

A-d-ap-J³ Xn-cq¿: aw-K-ew Im-ht©-cn hm-en-bn¬ A-d-apJ≥ (87). `m-cy-am¿: ]-tcX-bm-b A-Ωm-fp, Pm-\In. a-°ƒ: kp-μ-c≥, cmP≥, l-cn-Zm-k≥, D-Æn, a-Wn-I-WvT≥, ao-\m-£n, c-a-Wn, cm-[, ip-`, tim-`, _n-μp, kp-a.

I-cn-∏q¿: h-e-°-≠n Al-Ω-Zv- lm-Pn (80). `m-cy: a-Ωm-Øp-Ω- l-÷p-Ω. a°ƒ: l-k≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X-^ (Pn-±), A-e-hn°p-´n sN-dn-bm-∏p, B-an\-°p-´n, B-bn-i, \-^ok-°p-´n, dp-Jn-b, kpsse-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: F Sn _m-h, ap-lΩ-Zv k-lo¿, sI Sn A-e-hn-°p-´n lmPn, sI Sn kn-±o-Jv, sam-bvXo≥, D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp, lko-\, \m-kn-b.

A-_q-_-¡À- ap-kv-eymÀ ]p-fn-bw-]-d-ºv: B-im-cnsØm-Sn-I A-_q-_-°¿ ap-kveym¿ (57).- `m-cy: Ip™n-∏m-Øp-Ω.

sIm-®n: `¿-Øm-hn-s\-bpw a-°-sf-bpw D-t]-£n-®p ho-Sp-hn-´n-d-ßn-b bp-h-Xn I-S-bv-°p-≈n¬ Xq-ßn- a-cn® \n-e-bn¬. tN¿-Ø-e ]-d-b-°m-Sv hm-e-bn¬ ho´n¬ a-[p-Ip-am-dn-s‚ `m-cy {io-tZ-hn(40)bm-Wp I-S-h{¥ {^q-´n P-Mv-j-\n-se Un.-Un tIm¿-W¿ kv-t‰m¨ tImw-π-Iv-kn-se aq-∂mw \n-e-bn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ k-Pn≥ \yq-{So-j≥ F-∂ I-S-bv-°p-≈n-¬ sh-≈n-bmgv-N ssh-In-´v aq-t∂m-sS-bm-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. I-S-bv-°p-≈n-se ^m-\n¬ jm-fn-´p Xq-ßn-b \n-ebn-em-bn-cp-∂p ar-X-tZ-lw. I-S-bn¬ \n-∂p I-s≠-SpØ B-fl-l-Xym Ip-dn-∏n¬ Ip-´n-Iƒ X-s∂ X-≈n ]-d-™-Xn-ep-≈ hn-j-a-Øn¬ a-cn-°p-I-bm-sW-∂p F-gp-Xn-bn-´p-s≠-∂p t]m-eo-kv ]-d-™p. `¿-Øm-hns‚ tPy-jvT-t\m-sSm-∏w tN¿-Ø-e-bn¬ I-gn-bp-∂ a°-sf Im-Wm≥ sN-∂-t∏mƒ A-h¿ X-≈n-∏-d-s™∂pw A-Xn-ep-≈ hn-j-a-Øn-em-Wp Xq-ßn-a-cn-°p-∂Xn-\p Xo-cp-am-\n-®-sX-∂pw bp-h-Xn Ip-dn-∏n¬ tN¿Øn-´p-≠v. A-Sp-Øp-≈ I-S-I-fn¬ \n-∂p-≈-h-cm-Wv ar-X-tZ-lw B-Zyw I-≠-Xv. C-h¿ I-S-h-{¥ t]m-enkn¬ A-dn-bn-°p-I-bpw t]m-en-sk-Øn- ar-X-tZ-lw Xm-sg-bn-d-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-S-bp-S-a- Cu k-a-bw C-hn-sS-b-p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. kw-`-h-hp-am-bn _-‘-s∏´v I-S-bp-S-a s\-´q¿ kz-tZ-in j-ao-dn-s\ t]m-eo-kv Ikv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øn-´p-≠v. j-ao-dp-am-bp-≈ {]-W-bsØ- Xp-S¿-∂p Kƒ-^n¬ I-gn-bp-∂ `¿-Øm-hn-s\bpw c-≠p-Ip-´n-I-sf-bpw B-dp-am-kw ap-ºv {io-tZ-hn D-t]-£n-®n-cp-∂-Xm-bn t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. ]n-∂o-Sv ssX-°q-S-Øv hm-S-I- ho-´n-em-bn-cp-∂p Xm-a-kw. tN¿-Ø-e-bn-se H-cp Pnw-t\-jy-Øn¬ h®m-Wp ^n-‰v-s\-kv {S-bn-\n Iq-Sn-bm-b bp-h-Xn C-bmsf ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. j-ao-dn-\p `m-cy-bpw Ip-´n-I-fpap-≠v. aq-∂p-e-£w cq-]-bpw kz¿-Wm-`-c-W-ß-fpw bph-Xn X-\n-°p \¬-In-bn-´p-s≠-∂p j-ao¿ k-Ω-Xn-®Xm-bn t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. bp-h-Xn-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ .

ssk-¡n-fn-Sn-¨v hr-²³ a-cn-¨p

tIm-X-aw-K-ew: ssk-°nfn-Sn-®v hr-≤≥ a-cn-®p.-tIm´-∏-Sn ]p-Ø≥-Ip-Sn Ip-cymt°m-kv(85)B-Wv a-cn-N®-Xv. ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]-sØ £o-c-I¿-j-I-kw-LØn¬ ]m¬ sIm-Sp-Øp aS-ßp-tºm-gm-bn-cp-∂p A]-I-Sw. ]-cn-t°-‰ hr-≤s\ B-ip-]-{Xn-se-Øns®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D-®-bv-°p ti-jw 2\p tIm-´-∏Sn I¬-°p-t∂¬ ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ]tc-X-bm-b tIm-´-∏-Sn tIm-\m-°p-Sn a-dn-bm-Ω. a-°ƒ: ]u-tem-kv, tPm-bn, F¬-tZm-kv,X-¶-®≥. a-cp-a°ƒ:G-en-bm-Ω, G-en-bm-Ω, _n-Pn, ko-\.-

sI-«n-S-¯n-Â\n-¶v ho-Wv X-an-gv-\m-Sv kz-tZ-in a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: sI-´n-S-Øn-\p ap-I-fn¬ s{S-kv h¿-°v sN-øp-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ ap-I-fn¬ \n-∂v ho-Wv X-an-gv-\mSv kz-tZ-in a-cn-®p. tIm-b-º-Øq¿ kz-tZ-in chn(42)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. cm-hn-se 10Hm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`hw. D-S-s\ X-s∂w Nm-e-°p-Sn-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p-sh-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-e-°p-Sn k¿-°m¿ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ tam¿-®-dn-bn¬.-

Kr-l-\m-Y³ Ip-g-ªpho-Wp a-cn-¨p

Nm-h-°m-Sv: ]-≈n-bn¬ \n∂v t\m-ºv Xp-d-∂v ho-´n-te°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Kr-l-\m-Y≥ Ip-g-™p hoWp a-cn-®p. tN-‰p-h kv-Iqfn-\v ]-Sn-™m-dv I-dp-∏w ho-´n¬ Jm-Z-dm(58)Wv a-cn®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-{Xn 7.-30 HmsS I-S-∏p-dw B-d-ßm-Sn D∏m-∏ ]-≈n-°-Sp-Øv sh-®m-Wv kw-`-hw. D-S≥ X-s∂ C-bm-sf tN-‰p-h Fw.-C.-F-kv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®p. I-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v tN-‰p-h Pp-am a-kv-Pn-Zv I-_¿-kvYm-\n¬. `m-cy: B-an-\. a-Iƒ: jm-ln-Z. a-cp-a-I≥: Ckv-am-bn¬.-

ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cn-¨-dn-ªp th-Wp-tKm-]m-e³ \m-bÀ

jm-Pn

Jm-knw

cm-[-½

hÀ-Ko-kv

{]-km-Zv

hn-P-b³

k-Zm-in-h³]n-Å

hm-gq¿: s\-Sp-am-hv a-WnI-WvT-Øn¬ Fw B¿ th-Wp-tKm-]m-e≥ \mb¿ (58˛-dn-´-.-t]m-en-kv ss{U-h¿). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. a-d-hq¿ tIm-hn¬-I-S-hv `-‡n-hn-em-kw Ip-Spw_m-Kw. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: `-hm-\n-b-Ω, ao-\m-£nb-Ω, im-¥-Ip-am-cn-b-Ω, ]-tc-X-cm-b `m-kv-I-c≥\m-b¿, tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvW≥ \m-b¿.

tN-e-°-c: h-´p-≈n tImbn-° am-fn-I-bn¬ a-Ømbn-bp-sS a-I≥ sI Fw h¿-§o-kv(44). `m-cy: a°ƒ: jn-t\m, k-t\m.

A-º-e-∏p-g: h-≠m-\w \o¿-°p-∂w Im-‰p-°mc≥ ]-d-ºv Im-knw (60). `m-cy: dw-e. a-°ƒ: Aao¿, Xm-ln-d, Xu-^o-°v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: j-ao¿, A≥kn¬.

Im-bw-Ip-fw: s]-cn-ßme cm-t[-b-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b kp-Ip-am-c-]n-≈-bpsS `m-cy cm-[-Ω (73). kw-kv-Im-cw Rm-b-dm-gv-N cm-hn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. a-°ƒ: F-kv {ioIp-am¿ (Fw.-Un, kn.-Un s\-‰v Im-bw-Ip-fw, U-bd-Œ¿ tI-c-f tI-_nƒ IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ en-an-‰Uv), {io-tZ-hn. a-cp-a°ƒ: t{]-a, i-in-[-c≥]n-≈.

F-S-Xz: a-cn-bm-]p-cw Ipt∂¬ sIm-®p-]-d-ºn¬ sI sP h¿-Ko-kv (h-°®≥-˛87). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-I-gn-™v c-≠n-\v F-S-Xz sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv s^m-tdm-\m-]-≈n kn-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: sIm≠m-°¬ I-√q-cn-Øn¬ t{X-kym-Ω. a-°ƒ: tamUn (]n.--U-ªyp.-Un. F≥Pn. A-cp-Wm-N¬-{]-tZiv), B≥-k-Ω, an-\n, knÿ tX-P-kv F.-F-kv-.Fw.-sF. (Xp-cp-Øn), A¬-t^m≥-k (apwss_), ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip™p-tam≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: F¬-k-Ω , h¿-Ko-kv, B‚-Wn, tPm-Pn

sIm-Sp-ßq¿: am-S-∏-≈nI-tcm-´v {]-km-Zv (48˛-SmIv-kn- ss{U-h¿). kw-kv°m-cw \-S-Øn. `m-cy: tim-`-\ ko-XtØm-Sv. a-°ƒ: {]n-b, A-iz-Xn.

A-h-Wm-Ip-gn: cm-a-]p-cØv A-hn-´w `-h-\n¬ _n hn-P-b≥ (61). `m-cy: ]n {]-k-∂. a-°ƒ: hn ]n Pn-j, hn ]n A-Xp¬. a-cpa-I≥: sI F-kv _m-e-N{μ≥.

B-e-ʳ-Ip-«n- lm-Pn-

am-Wn-¡p-«n

h¿-°-e: ]q-X-°p-fw ku-aym `-h-\n¬ sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn- dn-´. C≥kv-s]-Œ¿ F k-Zm-inh≥]n-≈ (58). `m-cy: ktcm-Pw. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, ku-ay. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Jne, jn-\p.

Ip-gn-∏p-dw: I-dp-a-Æn¬ B-e- -≥-Ip-´n- lm-Pn (76). dn-´. s\-bvth-en enKvss\-‰v tIm¿-]-td-j≥ C≥-kv-{S-Œ-dm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: Ip-™n-∏m-Øp-´n. a-°ƒ: i-co-^v, A-–p¬ A-ko-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssJ-dp-∂o-k, km-_n-d. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse 10.30\v Ip-gn-∏p-dw In-g-t° Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

a-t©-cn: I-cp-h-{ºw {]W-hw ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb tIm-gn-∏-≈n tXm-´-t»cn N-¥p-Æn-bp-sS `m-cy am-Wn-°p-´n (87). a-°ƒ: Nn-∂≥, in-h-Zm-k≥, ]mdp-°p-´n, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, I-a-ew. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I-dp∏≥, N-{μ≥, Nn-∂≥, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, \o-\.

ap-l-½-Zv tNm-°m-Sv: am-fn-tb-°¬ ]-\-°¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv (\mWn-˛90). a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-lΩ-Zv-, l-kv\, A-–p¿-dlvam≥ D-eq-an, ^m-Øna, B-ky, B-bn-jm-_n, D-ss_-Zp-bm-lv apkveym¿, km-Pn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-ssk-\m¿ ss^-kn, Ip-™m≥, l\o-^, ju-°-Ø-en apkveym¿, J-Zo-P, dw-e, km-_n-d.

ap-l-½-Zv]-ø-\m-Sv: tXm-´p-s]mbn¬ X-cn-∏p-Æn¬ Ip-Δ∏n-em≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (Ip™m-∏p- lm-Pn˛84). `mcy: ]m-Øp. a-°ƒ: A–p-√, A-–p¬- I-cow, apl-Ω-Zv, J-Zo-P, B-an-\, ssa-aq-\, ]-tc-X-cm-b a-dnbp-Ω, ^m-Xzn-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p-√, A-–p-√, A-_q-_-°¿-, \-^o-k, k-Pv-\, \-ko-d, ]-tc-Xcm-b ap-l-Ω-Zv, kp-sseJ.

kv-ä³-en tPmÀ-Pv sIm-bn-em-≠n: a-μ-aw-Kew ]m-Xn-cn-°m-Sv Ã≥en tPm¿-Pv (58). ]-tc-Xcm-b tPm¿-Pv sIm-≠-bØn-s‚-bpw sU-bv-kntPm-¿-P-n-s‚-bpw a-I-\mWv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: {In-kn¬-U N-{μn.

ap-Jy-a-{´n-¡v \n-th-Z-\w \Â-In ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: _mw-•q¿ kv-t^mS-\-t°-kn¬ P-bn-en¬ I-gn-bp∂ A-–p-∂m-kn¿ a-Av-Z-\n-bpsS Pm-ay-Øn-s‚ Im-cy-Øn¬ tIm¨-{K-kv ssl-°-am‚n-s\ C-S-s]-Sp-hn-°m≥ A-Sn-b-¥-cam-bn {i-an-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏-´v tI-c-f ap-kv-enw P-am-AØv Iu¨-kn¬ kw-ÿm-\ IΩn-‰n ap-Jy-a-{¥n-°v \n-th-Z-\w \¬-I-n. a-Av-Z-\n-bp-sS Pm-aym-t]-£bn¬ I-gn-™ _n.sP.]n. k¿°m¿-t]m-epw kzo-I-cn-°m-Ø I¿-°-i-\n-e-]m-SmWv tIm¨{K-kv k¿-°m-¿ kzoI-cn-®-Xv. Ip-‰-]-{X-Øn¬ C-√m-Ø Btcm-]-W-am-Wv tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ D∂-bn-°-s∏-´-sX-∂pw \n-th-Z-\Øn¬ Nq-≠n-°m-´p-∂p.

d-kn-b Nm-en-bw: I-√m-bn-bn-se A-cnhym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp∂ Im-c-∏-d-ºv I-°p-gn am-fn-tb-°¬ ]-tc-X-\mb I-am-en-s‚ `m-cy Nmen-bw t]m-kv-‰v-Hm-^n-kn\p k-ao-]w Sn sI lukn¬ ]m-e-°-≠n d-knb (74). a-°ƒ: sI Fw A-–p-∂m-k¿ (A-kn. c-Pn-kv-{Sm¿, Im-en-°-‰v bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n), D-a¿ ^m-dq-Jv , _-Z-dp-±o≥ , id-^p-∂n-k, kp-sse-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssl-t{Zm-kv, k-°o-\, i¿-_n-\, Ak-d, ]-tc-X-\m-b Sn sI D-a¿-t°m-b. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]m-e-°-≠n _jo¿, A≥-km-cn, ssk\-_, kp-ss_-Z, ]-tc-Xbm-b B-an-\-°p-´n.

an-\n-bm-S³ Ir-jv-W³ sIm-bn-em-≠n: ta-∏-bq¿ a-™-Ip-fw an-\n-bm-S≥ Ir-jv-W≥ (65˛ -dn-´. sk≥-k-kv Hm-^n-kv, Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw). `m-cy: eoe (dn-´. _n.F-kv.F≥. F¬. Hm-^n-kv, ]m-e-°mSv). a-°ƒ: k-‘y, ]-tcX-\m-b k-μo-]v. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-tP-jv ({S-j-dn Hm-^n-kv, ]m-e-°m-Sv). ktlm-Z-c-߃: ko-X, e£vv-an, k-l-tZ-h≥, P\m¿-±-\≥. k-©-b-\w i\n-bm-gv-N.

Sn-¸À-tem-dn-¡-Sn-bnÂ-s¸-«v ss_-¡v bm-{X-n-I³ a-cn-¨psXm-Sp-]p-g: ap-X-e-t°m-Sw Ip∂w P-Mv-j-\n¬ Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-°Sn-bn¬-s∏-´v ss_-°v bm-{XnI≥ a-cn-®p. D-Sp-º-∂q¿ A-a-b{] ]p-√q-∏p-≈n¬ tKm-]n-\mY≥ (49) B-Wv C-∂-se D-®-bv°v c-t≠m-sS-bp-≠m-b A-]-I-SØn-¬ a-cn-®-Xv. D-Sp-º-∂q-cn-se l-tem F-≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv h¿-Ivkv ÿm-]-\ D-S-a-bm-Wv. Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-sb a-dn-I-S-°p∂-Xn-\n-sS F-Xn-tch-∂ Im-dnSn-®v sX-dn-®p-ho-W tKm-]n-\m-Ys‚ tZ-l-Øv tem-dn I-b-dn-bn-dßn X¬-£-Ww a-c-Ww kw-`hn-®p. sXm-Sp-]p-g-bn-se h¿-°vtjm-∏n¬ \n-∂p ss_-°n¬ DSp-º-∂q-cn-te-°v t]m-Ip-tºmgm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. sXm-Sp-]pg Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬

t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw arX-tZlw _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. -kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. ]tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h≥ \m-b-cmWv ]n-Xm-hv. am-Xm-hv: `m¿-K-hnb-Ω-. `m-cy: tim-`-\-. a-°ƒ: tPym-Xn, A-iz-Xn.

hn-iz-\m-Y³ am-\-¥-hm-Sn-: I-Wn-bmcw- ]-≈n-∏p-d-Øv- hn-iz\m-Y≥ -(70)-.- `m-cy-: cm-[.

hn-P-b³ tX-™n-∏-ew: sN-\-°e-ßm-Sn I-≈n-bn¬ Izm¿-t´-g-vkv B-≠-em-´v hn-P-b≥ (65).

I-®³ Ip-‰ym-Sn: Du-c-sØ hm-gbn¬ ao-ج I-Æ≥ (65). `m-cy: eo-e. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b {]-tam-Zv, {]ao-f, {]-`o-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-Xy≥, c-ay. k-©-b\w i-\n-bm-gv-N.

A-eo-a Iq-cn-bm-Sv: ]-\-ºp-g tdmUn¬ Im-f-ßm-S≥ D-Ω-dns‚ `m-cy Ir-jv-W-]-dº≥ A-eo-a (65). a-°ƒ: C-{_m-low-Ip-´n (Z-Ωmw), A-–p-k-emw (Ip-sshØv), l-ko-_v, A-øq-_v, ^m-dq-Jv (ku-Zn), ju°-Øv, ssk-\-_, lm-cnkv, B-kn-b -_o-hn.

sam-b-X v o³-tIm-b \-∑≠ - : \-∑≠ - b - n-se a¬-kyhym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp∂ ssI-{]w-ho-´n¬ sambvX - o≥-tIm-b (55). `m-cy: ssk-\_ - . a-°ƒ: jw-\, j-_v\ - . a-cp-a° - ƒ: j-ao¿ , Pw-jo-Zv (\-∑≠ - ).

D-®o³Iq-´n-e-ßm-Sn: hm-g-°m-´n-cn sXm-Æ≥-sXm-Sn D-Æo≥ (79). `m-cy: l-ΔmD-Ω. a°ƒ: A-ko-kv, in-lm-_v, l-_o-_, l-ko-\, km-lnd, P-ko-e, D-a¿ -i-co-^v, epJv-am≥, hm-ln-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lm-cn-kv, ap-l-Ω-Z-en, B-en, bm-jn-Jv.

Ip-ªm-an-\ ]-d-ºn¬_-km¿: Ip™m-an-\ (92).

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: a-t©-iz-cw N¿-®v _o-®n¬ hym-gm-gvN cm-{Xn 11Hm-sS I-s≠-Øn-b ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cn-®-dn™p. _-≠zmƒ sam-K¿ kz-tZ-in _m-]v-‰n-Ãv an-kv-In‰v (60) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.aq-∂p-Zn-h-kw ap-ºv Ir-jn-bn-S-Øn¬ \n-∂p sh≈w Nm-en-te-°v H-gp-°n-hn-Sp-∂-Xn-\n-sS Im¬-sX-‰n i-‡-am-b H-gp-°p-≈ Nm-en-te-°v ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p-sh-∂v _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d-™p. ar-X-tZ-lw I-S-eneq-sS H-gp-In a-t©-iz-cw _o-®n-se-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: kn-kn-en.

`ojWn: _-emÂ-kw-K-¯n-\n-cbm-b 10mw-¢mkpIm-cn Po-h-s\m-Sp-¡n Km-kn-bm-_mZv: _-em¬-kw-K-Øn-\n-c-bmb 10mw ¢mkv hn-Zym-¿-Yn-\n tI-kn-se {]-Xn-bp-sS Ip-Spw-_-Øn-s‚ `o-j-Wn-sb -Xp-S¿-∂v B-fllXy sN-bvXp. tI-kv ]n≥-h-en-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏-´m-bn-cp-∂p `o-jWn. ^m-cn-Zv-\-K-dn-se _‘p-ho-´n-em-Wv s]¨-Ip-´n-sb ^m-\n-¬ Xq-ßna-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-bXv. tI-kv ]n≥-h-en°-W-sa-∂ {]-Xn-bp-sS ho-´p-Im-cp-sS k-Ω¿±sØ Xp-S¿-∂v s]¨-Ip-´nbpw Ip-Spw-_hpw _‘p-ho-´n-te-°v Xma-kw am-dn-bn-cp∂p. sam-ss_¬ F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn [¿ta-μdpw c-≠p Iq-´m-fn-Ifpw tN¿-∂p s]¨-Ip-´nsb X-´n-s°m≠p-t]m-bn _-em¬-kw-K-w sN-bvX-ti-jw hn-P-\am-b ÿe-Øv D-t]-£n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p. Xp-S¿-∂m-Wv s]¨--Ip-´n-bp-sS ho-´pIm¿ t]m-en-kn¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-bXv. {]-Xn-bpsS ho-´p-Im-cp-sS `o-j-Wn-sb Xp-S¿-∂v X-ß-fpsS a-Iƒ am-\-kn-I-am-bn X-I¿-∂n-cps-∂-∂v s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-sS ho-´p-Im¿ ]-d™p.

\nc-h[n tam-j-W-t¡-k-p-I-fnse {]-Xn- ]nSn-bn Ip-∂w-Ip-fw: C-cp-\q-dn-te-sd tam-j-W-t°-k-p-I-fn¬ {]-Xnbm-b bp-hm-hn-s\ Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xp. ae-∏p-dw tX-™n-∏-ew kz-tZ-in ]m-e-°m-´v ho-´n¬ ssk-\p-±os\-(32)bm-Wv kn.sF _m-_p sI tXm-a-kn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep-≈ t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bvX-Xv. 2011 B-K-kv-Xn-¬ s]-cp-ºnem-hv A-Xp-ey-bn¬ D-Æn-bp-sS ho-´n¬ \n-∂v \m¬-∏-Ø-©-c ]h≥ kz¿-Wm-`-c-W-ß-fpw c-≠v dn-Ãv hm-®p-I-fpw C-e-t{Œm-Wn-Ivkv D-]-I-c-W-ß-fpw I-√pw-]p-dw sX-°-Øv ho-´n¬ Ip-™n-∏-bpsS ho-´n-¬ \n-∂v H-∂-c-e-£w cq]-bp-sS Xp-Wn-Ø-c-ß-fpw ]mtd-ºm-S-Øv ap≥ \-K-c-k-`m sNb¿-am≥ sI ]n tU-ho-kn-s‚

ho-´n¬ \n-∂v sN-bn≥, tam-Xn-cw, I-Ω¬ F-∂n-h-bpw tam-„n-® tI-kp-I-fnem-Wv C-bmƒ AdÃn-em-bXv. Kƒ-^n¬ ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂ ssk-\p-±o≥ A-h-[n-°v \m-´n-¬ h-cp-∂p-sh-∂ c-l-ky-hn-h-csØ Xp-S¿-∂v apw-ss_ C‚¿\m-j-\¬ F-b¿-t]m-¿-´n¬ \n-

∂m-Wv C-bm-sf I-kv-‰-U-n-bn-seSp-Ø-Xv. Ip-∂w-Ip-fw ta-J-ebn¬ \-S-Øn-b tam-j-W-Øn-\p ti-jw hn-tZ-i-tØ-°p ap-ßn-b C-bmƒ-°m-bn t]m-en-kv ep°u-´v t\m-´n-kv ]p-d-s∏-Sp-hn-®ncp-∂p. 150te-sd tI-kp-I-fn¬ hn-hn[ t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j≥ ]-cn-[nbn¬ C-bm-fp-sS A-d-Ãv tc-J-s∏Sp-Øn-bn-´p-s≠-¶n-epw 50Hm-fw tI-kp-I-fn¬ ]n-Sn-°n-´m-∏p-≈nbm-Wv. ssl-th-I-fn-se B-fn√m-Ø ho-Sp-Iƒ I-s≠-Øn kwLmw-K-ß-fp-am-bn ÿ-e-sØØn hm-Xn¬ Ip-Øn-s∏m-fn-®v tam-j-Ww \-S-Øp-∂-Xm-Wv Cbm-fp-sS co-Xn. 25te-sd t]m-enkv kv-t‰-j-\p-I-fn¬ C-bm-fp-sS t]-cn¬ tam-j-W-t°-kp-I-fp≠v. tam-j-W ap-X¬ hn-‰p-In-´p-

∂ ]-Ww sIm-≠v sN-ss∂, apwss_, _mw-•q¿ F-∂o sa-t{Sm \-K-c-ß-fn¬ B¿-`m-S-Po-hn-Xw \-bn-®v hn-tZ-i-tØ-°p ap-ßp-Ibm-Wv C-bmƒ sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. Iq-´p-{]-Xn-I-fm-b ap-kv-Xm-Jv, j^o-Jv F-∂n-h-sc-bpw tam-j-Wap-X¬ hn¬-∏-\ \-S-Øm≥ klm-bn-®-Xn-\v ssk-\p-±o-s‚ amXm-hn-s\-bpw k-tlm-Z-cn-sbbpw Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]m-en-kv t\sØ A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. 2011¬ kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cnbn¬ \n-∂v 110 ]-h-s‚ kz¿-Wm`-c-W-ß-fpw X-e-t»-cn-bn¬ \n∂v 56 ]-h-s‚ B-`-c-W-ß-fpw Ih¿-∂-Xv ssk-\p-±o-s‚ t\-XrXz-Øn-ep-≈ kw-L-am-bn-cp-∂p. 15 Zn-h-k-sØ eo-hn¬ \m-´n¬ h∂-t∏m-gm-Wv t]m-en-kv ssk-\p±o-s\ A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv.

C-S-Xp-t\-Xm-¡Ä k-ao-]n-s¨-¶v am-Wn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: tkm-fm¿ X´n-∏n-s‚ ]-›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ Xs‚ Xm¬-∏-cy-a-dn-bm≥ C-S-Xpt\-Xm-°ƒ k-ao-]n-s®-∂v a{¥n sI Fw am-Wn. ap-Jy-a-{¥n]-Z-sØ-°p-dn-®pw t\-Xm-°ƒ kq-Nn-∏n-®-Xm-bn kz-Im-cy-Nm-\en-\v \¬-In-b A-`n-ap-J-Øn¬ am-Wn ]-d-™p. C-S-Xp-ap-∂-Wnbn-te-°p h-cp-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®pw A-\u-]-Nm-cn-I N¿-®-Iƒ \-S-∂p. tPm-kv sI am-Wn-sb tI-{μ-a-{¥n-bm-°m-Ø-Xv i-cnbm-bn-√. tkm-Wn-bm-Km-‘n-tbm-Spw {]-[m-\-a-{¥n-tbm-Spw t\-cn-´v C°m-cyw B-h-iy-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. tI{μ-a-{¥n-ÿm-\w tI-c-fm tIm¨-{K- n-\v A-h-Im-i-s∏-´Xm-sW-∂pw am-Wn ]-d-™p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

27 Pq-sse 2013 i\n

Nn-InÂ-k-bv-¡n-sS a-cn-¨ hn-ZymÀ-Yn--bp-sS ar-Ip-Xa-f-tn:Z-lX-awn-gkwkv-I-cn-¨p v-\m-´n-se I-Æm-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se Nn-In-

tKm-]n

]-c-ta-iz-c³ ]n-Å

sIm-¨p Ir-jv-W ]n-Å

X-¦-½

G-{_-lmw

Pm-\-In

dm-tlÂ-

G-en-¡p-«n Ìo-^³

sN-ß-∂q¿: A-ßm-Sn°¬ sX-°v, {In-kv-Xy≥tIm-tf-Pn-\v k-ao-]w, ]pØ≥-]p-c-bv-°¬, Fw.-F≥ tKm-]n (72) kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn. `m-cy `m¿§-hn. a-Iƒ im-¥n. a-cp-aI≥ tkm-a≥

Xn-cp-h-√: a-Wn-∏p-g {io hn-Zym-[n-cm-P F≥.-F-kv.F-kv I-c-tbm-Kw sk-{I´-dn s]m-Sn-bm-Sn I-≠Øn¬ Pn ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ ]n-≈ (81) kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 9\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬.- `m-cy: sN-√-Ω.a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv Ipam¿,k-Xn, k-_n-X,ktcm-Pw,]-tc-X-bm-b kmhn-{Xn.-a-cp-a-°ƒ: kn‘p,cm-P≥ ]n-≈,c-hn, ]tc-X-bm-b i-in,Ir-jv-W ]n-≈.-

Xn-cp-h-√: \o-tc-‰p ]p-dw Xp-≠n-∏-d-ºn¬ Pn sIm®p Ir-jv-W ]n-≈ (74) kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂ D-®-°v 2\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.- `m-cy: hn-P-b-Ω.-a-°ƒ: cm-Pohv,B-i ,Pq-ena-cp-a-°ƒ: en-Pn,jm-Pn(Zp-_mbv),kp-tc-jv(Im-\-U)

Xn-cp-h-√: ap-Øq¿ ]m-d°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm®p-Ip-™n-s‚ `m-cy X-¶Ω (83) J-_-d-S-°w \-SØn.-

Xn-cp-h-√: Hm-X-d I-Wnbmw ]p-g °-c sI Fw G-{_-lmw (80) kw-kvIm-cw ]n-∂o-Sv .-`m-cy : kqk-Ωa-°ƒ: ]p-jv],ssj-\n,jn-_n,{]-n≥kv.- a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-h.-tPmkv Np-\-aTw,jm-_p,_nPp,hn-Pn.-

Xn-cp-h-√: Im-hpw `m-Kw ]q-®-°m-e-m-bn¬ Pm-\In(75) kw-kv-Im-cw \-SØn.-

ap-≈-cn-ßm-Sv-: ]-tc-X-\mb-h-´-°m-hn¬- Io-cymt°m-bp-sS `m-cy- dmtl¬- (83)- .-kw-kv-Im-cw\-S-Øn.-- a-°ƒ-: ta-cn,_m-_p,- kn-kn,- Ip-cym®≥,- X-ºn (kn-]n-sF Fw- ap-≈-cn-ßm-Sv- tem°¬- I-Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw).- acp-a-°ƒ-: t]mƒ,- ]-tc-X\m-b km-ep,- B-eo-kv,\m≥-kn,- kn-an-\n-.--

Ip-a-fn: h-S-t°-°p-gn°m-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b aØm-bn Ão-^-s‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n Ão-^≥(93) \n-cym-X-bm-bn. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v 2.-30\v A-´-∏≈w s^-tdm-\-]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]-tcX A-Xn-c-ºp-g πm-hp-h-®Xn¬ Ip-Sw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ:am-Xyp, t{X-kymΩ, tPm¨, tPm¿-Pv, t__n, B-eo-kv, \n¿-Ω-e.-acp-a-°ƒ:]-tc-X-bm-b t{X-kym-Ω, tXmw-k¨, en-k-Ω, ta-cn-°p-´n, ta-gvkn, Ip-´n-®≥, _m-_p.

Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv ap-ÉymÀ A-Sn-am-en: a-∂m-¶m-e ]´-fm-bn¬ ]n F-®v Ip™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-…ym¿ (sIm-®p ap-…ym¿v ˛ 73). J-_-d-S-°n.-a-°ƒ ˛ \_o-k, A-kv-a, l-ssk\m¿, ^m-Øn-Ω, lm-P-d, dp-Jn-b, l-ko-\, Peo¬.-a-cp-a-°ƒ ˛ aocm≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b ssaXo≥, \m-k¿, ]-tc-X-\mb ap-l-Ω-Zv, P-∫m¿, lΩm-Zv, \-ko¿, l-eo-a

kp-Ip-am-c³ tXm-{]mw-Ip-Sn: In-fn-°m´p-tXm-´-Øn¬ kp-Ip-amc≥(58).-kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p c-≠n-\p ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.-`m-cy: a-cn-bm-]p-cw Ip-dp-°≥-]-d-ºn¬ im¥-Ω.-a-°ƒ:A-Pojv,{io-P,hn-jv-Wp,a-cp-a°ƒ:ku-ay,am-b.-

\-fn-\-½ a-Æ-t©-cn: ap-l-Ω Ducm-fn¬ ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ in-h≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy \-fn-\-Ω (69). a-°ƒ: Djm-dm-Wn, cm-tP-jv, ]-tcX-\m-b k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-timIvv-Ip-am¿, jn-Pn, c-iv-an.

I-eym-Wn

B-bn-i-amÄ l-Öp-½ s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: Xq-X al-√v ap-X-h-√n-bm-bn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X-\m-b a-W-en-]-dºn¬ lw-kp- lm-Pn-bpsS `m-cy B-bn-j-amƒ l-÷p-Ω (73). a-°ƒ: A-–p-\m-k¿, ju-°Ø-en, A-_q-_-°¿, Dkv-am≥, am-fp-°p-´n, ^mØn-a-Øp-kp-l-d, D-ΩpIp¬-kp, I-Zo-P, dw-e. acp-a-°ƒ: sk-bv-X-e-hn, ap-kv-X-^, ssd-lm-\-Øv, ^m-an-Z, k-ao-d, j-Pv-e. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v Xq-X a-l-√v J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

am-\-¥-hm-Sn: -I-t√m-Sn tN-ºn-tem-´v-ta-ج ]c-ho-{µ³ tc-X-\m-b th-em-bp-[s‚ `m-cy I-eym-Wn (94). ]-ø-∂q¿: ]p-d-t®-cn-bnse h-Æ-Øm≥ h-f∏n¬ c-ho-{μ≥ (52).

_n-Pp Ip-a-fn: ]-tc-X-\m-b dn-´.t]m-kv-‰p-am-kv-‰¿ sF-°c N-{μ-s‚ a-I≥ _n-Pp sF kn(44). kw-kv-Imcw ]n-∂o-Sv. `m-cy:_n-μp, a-°ƒ:_n-_n≥, \o-Xp. am-Xm-hv:kp-a-Xn.

tP-¡-_v tPm¬ Ip-a-c-Iw: _-km-dn-\p k-ao-]w I-cn-™m-´p-Ipgn-bn¬ tP-°-_v tPm¨ (Ip-™v 74). i-h-kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v 3.30\v Ip-a-c-Iw \-h-\-{kØv ]-≈n-bn¬. `m-cy: tacn-°p-´n sIm-Ø-f-tج (Im-™n-c-Øn-aq-´n¬) Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: Pm-kv-an, Pm≥-kn, P-bvtam≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]n -Fw -tP-°-_v ]m-Wm-]-d-ºv, s_-∂n sh-´-Øv, km‚n sX-t°-ssa-em-Sn-bn¬.

cm-a³ -\m-bÀ A-co-t°m-Sv: ]-Ø-\m-]pcw im-¥n-\-K-dn¬ ]q-Δ©o-cn cm-a≥- \m-b¿ (82). `m-cy: cp-Kvan-WnAΩ. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-bm-b D-j, Aw-_n-I, D-Z-b-N{μn-I. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cmb-W≥, tam-l-\≥, {io[-c≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \m-cm-b-W≥-\m-b¿, tKmhn-μ≥-Ip-´n-\m-b¿, Pm-\In-b-Ω, ]-tc-X-\m-b Irjv-W≥-\m-b¿. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 11\v.

G-en-bm-½ Hm-a-t»-cn: \n-c-W-∏m-d sX-t° a-‰-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b h¿-Ko-kn-s‚ `m-cy G-en-bm-Ω (89). a-°ƒ: s]-Æ-Ω, sX-øm-Ω, knÿ sP-bn≥, eo-em-Ω.

^m-¯n-a l-Öp-½ cm-a-\m-´p-I-c: tIm-f-Pv tdm-Un¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Nm-cp-]-Sn-°¬ Ip-´q-kbp-sS `m-cy F-S-t°m-´v ^m-Xzn-a l-÷p-Ω (94). a-°ƒ: aq-k-t°m-b (dn-´. sh-ln-°nƒ kq-∏¿-sshk¿, sI.F-kv. B¿.Sn. kn.), ssk-X-e-hn (F-Ivkv. k¿-ho-kv), A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿ (A-am-\n sa-Un°¬-kv, cm-a-\m-´p-I-c), C-{_m-low, ap-l-Ω-Zv Imknw, A-–p¬ d-km-Jv (k-_v F≥-Pn-\o-b¿, sI.F-kv.C._n. I-Wnbmw-]-‰), J-Zo-P, ]-tc-X\m-b _o-cm≥-tIm-b. acp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n a-Æq¿, ^m-Øn-a-Øv kplv-d, J-Zo-P, ssa-aq-\, aW-sem-Sn j-°o-e, \-koa, kp-l-d, d-jo-Z. J-_-dS-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 9.30\v N-Ω-en¬ Pp-ap-AØv ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

^m-¯n-a-¡p-«n l-Öp-½ A-cn-{º: A-Øn-°mhn¬ ^m-Øn-a-°p-´n l÷p-Ω (85). `¿-Øm-hv: ]tc-X-\m-b a-Ω-Zv. a-°ƒ: t]m-°-dp-´n am-kv-‰¿, apl-Ω-Zv, D-Æo≥-Ip-´n, A_vv-Zp¿-d-lv-am≥, ssk-Z-ehn, I-Zn-bp-Ω, B-bn-i. acp-a-°ƒ: J-Zo-i, J-Zo-i, k-°o-\, dp-Jn-b, J-Zo-i, ssl-Z¿, sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip´n lm-Pn sh-fn-ap-°v. a-ønØv \-a-kv-Im-cw C-∂v If-cn Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

am-[-hn-b-½ H-‰-∏m-ew: ap-≠q¿ ]-cnbm-\n-ho-´n¬ am-[-hn-bΩ (77).

C-¼n-¨m-bn-i Xm-a-c-t»-cn: X-®w-s]mbn¬ s\-tcm-ºm-d-Ω¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-b-Ω-Xns‚ a-Iƒ C-ºn-®m-bn-i (67). am-Xm-hv-: J-Zo-P. `¿Øm-hv-: sam-bv-Xo-≥ (ASn-hm-cw). a-°ƒ-: _-jo¿ , dp-Jn-b (Np-¶w), kpsse-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: C-kvamCu¬, ssl-Z¿, kpsse-J.-k-tlm-Z-c-߃-: D-kv-am≥, A-_q-_-°¿, A-–p-¿-d-lv-am≥, ^m-Xzna, B-an-\.

’-°n-S-bn¬ a-cn-® s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kv-I-cn-®p. Ip-a-fn t]m-en-kv X-an-gv-\m-´n-se s]¨-Ip-´n-sb Nn-In-’n-® B-ip-]-{Xn-I-fn¬ At\z-j-Ww \-S-Øn. Ip-a-fn K-h. l-b¿ sk-°-≠-dn kv-Iq-fn-se ]-Ømw-¢m-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-b e-∫°-≠w ]-fn-b-°p-Sn h-´-°m-hp-¶¬ {]-`m-I-c≥-˛ apØp-am-cn- Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-Iƒ A-\n-Xm-Ip-amcn(15)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. tIm-¶-Æn-s‚ Nn-In-’-bv-°mbn tX-\n-bn-se kz-Im-cy I-Æm-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-ØnA-\-kv-Xo-jy kzo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS t_m-[-c-lnX-cm-bn ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v I-Æm-ip-]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X¿ tX-\n-bn-te-bpw a-[p-c-bn-se-bpw B-ip]-{Xn-I-fn¬ A-Sn-b-¥n-c Nn-In-’-bv-°p hn-t[-b-am°n-sb-¶n-epw _p-[-\m-gv-N ssh-In-t´m-sS s]¨-Ip´n a-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. C-tXm-sS s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-sS am-Xm-hn-s‚ ssI-h-iw A≥-]-Xn-\m-bn-cw cq-] \¬In-b ti-jw I-Æm-ip-]-{Xn-bp-sS Bw-_p-e≥-kn¬ ar-X-tZ-l-hpw s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-l-hpw Ip-afn-bn¬ F-Øn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-Xm-hn-s‚ ]-cmXn-sb Xp-S-¿-∂v t]m-eo-kv-tI-sk-Sp-Øp. tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-tf-Pn¬ t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn-b C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS Ip-a-fn-bn-se-Øn-® ar-X-tZ-lw Su-Wn-se s]m-Xp-th-Zn-bn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿-i-\-Øn-\p sh-®p. k-l-]mTn-Iƒ Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈- hn-Zym-¿-Yn-Ifpw C F-kv _n-Pn-tamƒ Fw F¬ F, P-\-{]-Xn-\n[n-Iƒ F-∂n-h¿ A-¥n-tam-]-Nm-cw A¿-∏n-®p. tdmkm-∏q-°-≠w h-\-ta-J-e-bv-°p k-ao-]-Øp-≈ kv-aim-\-Øn¬ kw-kv-I-cn-®p. C-Xn-\n-sS Ip-a-fn F-kv sF ]-b-kv sI tXm-a-kn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep-≈ kw-Lw X-an-gv-\m-´n-se B-ip-]-{Xn-I-fn-se-Øn dnt]m¿-´v B-h-iy-s∏-s´-¶n-epw I-Æm-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ \n∂p-am-{X-ta dn-t]m¿-´p \¬-In-bp-≈p. s]¨-Ip-´n-sb Nn-In-’n-® B-ip-]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X¿ Nn-In-’ kw_-‘n-® Im-cy-߃ \¬-Ip-hm-≥ X-øm-dm-bn-s√-∂v t]m-en-kv A-dn-bn-®p.

sI-«n-S-¯n-Â\n-¶v ho-Wv X-an-gv-\m-Sv kz-tZ-in a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: sI-´n-S-Øn-\p ap-I-fn¬ s{S-kv h¿-°v sN-øp-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ ap-I-fn¬ \n-∂v ho-Wv X-an-gv-\mSv kz-tZ-in a-cn-®p. tIm-b-º-Øq¿ kz-tZ-in chn(42)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. cm-hn-se 10Hm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`hw. D-S-s\ X-s∂w Nm-e-°p-Sn-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p-sh-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-e-°p-Sn k¿-°m¿ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ tam¿-®-dn-bn¬.-

hÀ-¡n

a-dn-b-¡p-«n

Jm-knw

cm-[-½

hÀ-Ko-kv

{]-km-Zv

Ip-ªp-s]-®v

jn-Pp cm-Pp

sXm-Sp-]p-g: s]-cp-ºn-≈n®n-d sIm-≠q¿ h¿-°n (Ip-™v-˛88). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v s]-cp-ºn-≈n-®n-d sk‚ v tPm-k-^v ]-≈n-bn¬. `mcy ]-tc-X-bm-b G-en-°p´n sa-gp-I-\m¬ h-≠-a-‰w Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ : ]-tc-X-bm-b Nn-∂-Ω, tPm¿-÷v (s]-cp-ºn-≈n®n-d), ta-cn, kn-kn-en, jm-Pp sIm-≠q¿ (c≠m¿, ap-hm-‰p-]p-g). a-cpa-°ƒ : sk-_m-Ãy≥ ]m-°m-t´¬ (\m-I-∏p-g), em-en tPm¿-÷v, tPm-Wn am-dm-´n¬ (hm-g-°m-e), tPm-Wn X-S-Øn¬ (Nn‰q¿), sP-kn jm-Pp.-

sXm-Sp-]p-g: I-cn-a-Æq¿ Xm-g-tØ-S-Øv ]-tc-X-\mb Sn. F. Nm-t°m-bp-sS (Ip-t™-´≥) `m-cy a-dnb-°p-´n (82) . kw-kv-Imcw \m-sf D-®-I-gn-™v 2.30\v I-cn-a-Æq¿ sk‚ v ta-co-kv s^m-tdm-\ ]≈n-bn¬. tIm-Sn-°p-fw am-t©-cn¬ Ip-Spw-_mwK-am-Wv. a-°ƒ tPm-bn (dn-´. D-tZym-K-ÿ≥, C-Sp°n Pn-√m-k-l-I-c-W _m-¶v), tPm-k-^v, A-®mΩ, am¿-´n≥ (bp-F-kvF). a-cp-a-°ƒ : tam-fn sXm-´n-bn¬ (A-©n-cn), h-’-Ω sF-°-c (I™n-°p-gn), _m-_p Ip∂pw-]p-d-Øv (ssa-es°m-ºv), t{K-kn sN-ºIp-fw, tXm-{]mw-Ip-Sn

A-º-e-∏p-g: h-≠m-\w \o¿-°p-∂w Im-‰p-°mc≥ ]-d-ºv Im-knw (60). `m-cy: dw-e. a-°ƒ: Aao¿, Xm-ln-d, Xu-^o-°v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: j-ao¿, A≥kn¬.

Im-bw-Ip-fw: s]-cn-ßme cm-t[-b-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b kp-Ip-am-c-]n-≈-bpsS `m-cy cm-[-Ω (73). kw-kv-Im-cw Rm-b-dm-gv-N cm-hn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. a-°ƒ: F-kv {io-Ipam¿ (Fw.-Un, kn.-Un s\-‰v Im-bw-Ip-fw, U-bd-Œ¿ tI-c-f tI-_nƒ IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ en-an-‰Uv), {io-tZ-hn. a-cp-a°ƒ: t{]-a, i-in-[-c≥]n-≈.

F-S-Xz: a-cn-bm-]p-cw Ipt∂¬ sIm-®p-]-d-ºn¬ sI sP h¿-Ko-kv (h-°®≥-˛87). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-I-gn-™v c-≠n-\v F-S-Xz sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv s^m-tdm-\m-]-≈n kn-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: sIm≠m-°¬ I-√q-cn-Øn¬ t{X-kym-Ω. a-°ƒ: tamUn (]n.--U-ªyp.-Un. F≥Pn. A-cp-Wm-N¬-{]-tZiv), B≥-k-Ω, an-\n, knÿ tX-P-kv F.-F-kv-.Fw.-sF. (Xp-cp-Øn), A¬-t^m≥-k (apwss_), ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip™p-tam≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: F¬-k-Ω (In-g-t°-I-Shn¬, ]m-bn-∏m-Sv), h¿-Kokv (B-e-∏m-Sv, tI-f-aw-Kew), B‚-Wn, tPm-Pn

sIm-Sp-ßq¿: am-S-∏-≈nI-tcm-´v {]-km-Zv (48˛-SmIv-kn- ss{U-h¿). kw-kv°m-cw \-S-Øn. `m-cy: tim-`-\ ko-XtØm-Sv. a-°ƒ: {]n-b, A-iz-Xn.

th-e-Øp-ti-cn: Xp-ºti-cn ]p-fn-°¬ ]-tc-X\m-b \m-cm-b-W-s‚ `mcy Ip-™p-s]-Æv (80). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-°v H-∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: am-[-h≥, c-hn, tZh-In, ]-tc-X-\m-b {io-[c≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: im-¥, h¬-k, Ip-´n-b-Ω, Ip™q-´n.

s\-Sp-am-hv: ]p-fn-°¬-Ih-e X-In-Sn-bn-¬ cm-Pp-hns‚ a-I≥ jn-Pp cm-Pp (Ip-™v˛24). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-°v c-≠n-\v ]p-fn-°¬-I-h-e sk‚ v ta-cn-kv ]-≈n-bn¬. `mcy: B-Xn-c G-e-∏m-d N{μ-Øn¬ ]-d-ºn¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw. a-Iƒ: A-[o\.

sam-bv-Xp ap-k-eymÀ

A-l-½-Zv- lm-Pn

`-hm-\n Hm-a-t»-cn: ]p-√q-cmw-]m-d ]p-Ø≥-]p-c-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b cm-a-Ir-jv-W-s‚ `mcy `-hm-\n (85). a-°ƒ: cho-{μ≥, c-a-Wn, c-a-W≥, c-a, cm-Po-hv, c-Xo-tZ-hn, cPn-X, c-ta-i≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: N-{μ-h-√n, c-Xv\-Ω, {io-[-c≥, hn-P-b, tKm-]m-e≥, s_-∂n, do\, ]-tc-X-\m-b X-¶-∏≥.-

ap-l-½-Zv s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: Xm-tgt°m-Sv a-cp-X-e hm-gsØm-Sn ap-l-Ω-Zv (75). `m-cy: I-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: apkv-X-^, A-iv-d-^v, l_o-_, d-lo-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zm-en, Aen, kp-\n-X, ssl-dp-∂ok.

d-kn-b Nm-en-bw: I-√m-bn-bn-se A-cnhym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp∂ Im-c-∏-d-ºv I-°p-gn am-fn-tb-°¬ ]-tc-X-\mb I-am-en-s‚ `m-cy Nmen-bw t]m-kv-‰v-Hm-^n-kn\p k-ao-]w Sn sI lukn¬ ]m-e-°-≠n d-knb (74). a-°ƒ: sI Fw A–p-∂m-k¿ (A-kn. c-Pnkv-{Sm¿, Im-en-°-‰v bq\n-th-gv-kn-‰n), D-a¿ ^mdq-Jv , _-Z-dp-±o≥ , i-d^p-∂n-k, kp-sse-J. acp-a-°ƒ: ssl-t{Zm-kv, k-°o-\, i¿-_n-\, Ak-d, ]-tc-X-\m-b Sn sI D-a¿-t°m-b. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]m-e-°-≠n _jo¿, A≥-km-cn, ssk\-_, kp-ss_-Z, ]-tc-Xbm-b B-an-\-°p-´n.

an-\n-bm-S³ Ir-jv-W³ sIm-bn-em-≠n: ta-∏-bq¿ a-™-Ip-fw an-\n-bm-S≥ Ir-jv-W≥ (65˛ -dn-´. sk≥-k-kv Hm-^n-kv, Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw). `m-cy: eoe (dn-´. _n.F-kv.F≥. F¬. Hm-^n-kv, ]m-e-°mSv). a-°ƒ: k-‘y, ]-tcX-\m-b k-μo-]v. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-tP-jv ({S-j-dn Hm-^n-kv, ]m-e-°m-Sv). ktlm-Z-c-߃: ko-X, e£vv-an, k-l-tZ-h≥, P\m¿-±-\≥. k-©-b-\w i\n-bm-gv-N.

hn-iz-\m-Y³ am-\-¥-hm-Sn-: I-Wn-bmcw- ]-≈n-∏p-d-Øv- hn-iz\m-Y≥ -(70)-.- `m-cy-: cm-[.

hn-P-b³ tX-™n-∏-ew: sN-\-°e-ßm-Sn I-≈n-bn¬ Izm¿-t´-g-vkv B-≠-em-´v hn-P-b≥ (65).

B-e-ʳ-Ip-«n- lm-PnIp-gn-∏p-dw: I-dp-a-Æn¬ B-e- -≥-Ip-´n- lm-Pn (76). dn-´. s\-bvth-en enKvss\-‰v tIm¿-]-td-j≥ C≥-kv-{S-Œ-dm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: Ip-™n-∏m-Øp-´n. a-°ƒ: i-co-^v, A-–p¬ A-ko-kv (Zp-_-bv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssJ-dp∂o-k, km-_n-d. J-_-dS-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 10.30\v Ip-gn-∏p-dw In-gt° Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

I-®³ Ip-‰ym-Sn: Du-c-sØ hm-gbn¬ ao-ج I-Æ≥ (65). `m-cy: eo-e. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b {]-tam-Zv, {]ao-f, {]-`o-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-Xy≥, c-ay. k-©-b\w i-\n-bm-gv-N.

h-S-I-c: Im¿-Øn-I-∏-≈n sXm-≠-º-Øv ao-ج sam-bv-Xp ap-kv-eym¿ (85). `m-cy: A-bn-ip. a-°ƒ: A-Ω-Zv, A-_v-Zp¬ a-Po-Zv, ap-Ø-en-_v, \-^o-k. acp-a-°ƒ: lm-jnw, kpss_-Z, B-bn-i, dm-jn, \-Po-d. k-tlm-Z-c≥: A_v-Zp-√ ]-d-º-Øv.

A-d-ap-J³ Xn-cq¿: aw-K-ew Im-ht©-cn hm-en-bn¬ A-d-apJ≥ (87). `m-cy-am¿: ]-tcX-bm-b A-Ωm-fp, Pm-\In. a-°ƒ: kp-μ-c≥, cmP≥, l-cn-Zm-k≥, D-Æn, a-Wn-I-WvT≥, ao-\m-£n, c-a-Wn, cm-[, ip-`, tim-`, _n-μp, kp-a.

I-cn-∏q¿: h-e-°-≠n Al-Ω-Zv- lm-Pn (80). `m-cy: a-Ωm-Øp-Ω- l-÷p-Ω. a°ƒ: l-k≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X-^ (Pn-±), A-e-hn°p-´n sN-dn-bm-∏p, B-an\-°p-´n, B-bn-i, \-^ok-°p-´n, dp-Jn-b, kpsse-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: F Sn _m-h, ap-lΩ-Zv k-lo¿, sI Sn A-e-hn-°p-´n lmPn, sI Sn kn-±o-Jv, sam-bvXo≥, D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp, lko-\, \m-kn-b.

A-_q-_-¡À- ap-kv-eymÀ ]p-fn-bw-]-d-ºv: B-im-cnsØm-Sn-I A-_q-_-°¿ ap-kveym¿ (57).- `m-cy: Ip™n-∏m-Øp-Ω.

Imdn-Sn-¨v kv-Iq-«À bm-{X-n-I-\m-b ¹-kv Sq hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p

Im-™n-c-∏-≈n: Im¿ C-Sn-®v kv-Iq-´¿ bm-{X-n-I-\m-b π-kv Sq hn-Zym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. k-l-bm-{Xn-I-\m-b hnZym¿-Yn-°v Kp-cp-X-c ]-cn-°v. ]-gp-a-e I-cn-tßm-e°¬ km-_p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ A-`n-em-jv (16) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. tXm-´pw-ap-Jw Ip-dn-®n-]-d-ºn¬ \m-k-dn-s‚ aI≥ \-Pm-kn(18)\m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. km-c-am-bn ]-cnt°-‰ \-Pm-kn-s\ sX-≈-I-sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v 4.-15\v tZin-b ]m-X-bn¬ Im-™n-c-∏-≈n ]-©m-b-Øv Hm-^nkv h-f-hn-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. ap-≠-°-bw `m-KØp \n-∂pw tIm-´-bw `m-K-tØ-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bncp-∂ Im-dpw F-Xn¿ Zn-i-bn¬ \n-s∂-Øn-b tlm-≠ B-Iv-So-h kv-Iq-´-dpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. -A]-I-S-Øn¬-s∏-´ C-cp-h-cpw F.--sI.--sP.-Fw kv-Iq-fnse π-kv Sp hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-fm-Wv.

Kr-l-\m-Y³ Ip-g-ªp ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

Nm-h-°m-Sv: ]-≈n-bn¬ \n∂v t\m-ºv Xp-d-∂v ho-´nte-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp∂ Kr-l-\m-Y≥ Ip-g-™p ho-Wp a-cn-®p. tN-‰p-h kvIq-fn-\v ]-Sn-™m-dv I-dp-∏w ho-´n¬ Jm-Z-dm(58)Wv a-cn®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-{Xn 7.-30 Hm-sS I-S-∏p-dw B-d-ßm-Sn D-∏m-∏ ]-≈n-°-Sp-Øv sh®m-Wv kw-`-hw. D-S≥ X-s∂ C-bm-sf tN-‰p-h Fw.-C.F-kv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®p. I-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v tN-‰p-h Pp-am a-kv-Pn-Zv I-_¿-kv-Ym-\n¬. `m-cy: B-an-\. aIƒ: jm-ln-Z. a-cp-a-I≥: C-kv-am-bn¬.-

ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cn-¨-dn-ªp th-Wp-tKm-]m-e³ \m-bÀ

jm-Pn

A-¸p-¡p-«³

Ip-ªp-tamÄ

am-Wn-Iy³

A-Ðp-tam³

hn-P-b³

k-Zm-in-h³]n-Å

hm-gq¿: s\-Sp-am-hv a-WnI-WvT-Øn¬ Fw B¿ th-Wp-tKm-]m-e≥ \mb¿ (58˛-dn-´-.-t]m-en-kv ss{U-h¿). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. a-d-hq¿ tIm-hn¬-I-S-hv `-‡n-hn-em-kw Ip-Spw_m-Kw. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: `-hm-\n-b-Ω, ao-\m-£nb-Ω, im-¥-Ip-am-cn-b-Ω, ]-tc-X-cm-b `m-kv-I-c≥\m-b¿, tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvW≥ \m-b¿.

tN-e-°-c: h-´p-≈n tImbn-° am-fn-I-bn¬ a-Ømbn-bp-sS a-I≥ sI Fw h¿-§o-kv(44). `m-cy: a°ƒ: jn-t\m, k-t\m.

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: C-cn-ß-∏pdw ho-´n¬ Ip-´-∏ a-I≥ A-∏p-°p-´≥ (77). `m-cy: N-{μn-I. a-°ƒ: cm-Po-hv, k-Po-hv, jm-Pn. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-Pn, {]n-b, kp_n.-

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: ]-tc-X-\mb ]p-∂ A-ø-∏-s‚ `m-cysh-´-Øv ]-d-ºv Ip-™ptamƒ(67). - a-°ƒ: a-Wn, hm-kp-tZ-h≥, B-\-μ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-P,- D-j.-

tI-cf - m-[o-iz-c] - p-cw: ]tc-X\ - m-b ]p-Øq¿ tImgn-t»-cn tKm-hn-μ≥-Ip-´n ]-Wn-°c - p-sS `m-cy \-Sphn¬-∏m-´v hn-im-em-£n A-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: C-μncm-tZ-hn, hn-Pb - e - £ - va - n, k-Xo-tZ-hn, D-Æn-Ir-jvW≥. a-cp-a° - ƒ: \m-cm-bW≥- \m-b¿, A-\n-X, ]tc-Xc - m-b `m-kvI - c - ≥- \mb¿, hn-iz-\m-Y≥- \m-b¿.

Nm-h-°m-Sv: N-°w-I≠w: ssX-°m-Sv ]-©m-bØv ap≥ {]-kn-U‚ vpw tIm¨-{K-kv t\-Xm-hpam-b H Sn A-–p tam≥ (84). `m-cy: kp-lv-d. a°ƒ: I-_o¿, \u-^¬, jo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n-j, \u-j-P, jw-kp-±o≥.-

A-h-Wm-Ip-gn: cm-a-]p-cØv A-hn-´w `-h-\n¬ _n hn-P-b≥ (61). `m-cy: ]n {]-k-∂. a-°ƒ: hn ]n Pn-j, hn ]n A-Xp¬. a-cpa-I≥: sI F-kv _m-e-N{μ≥.

am-Xyp

Nm-e-°p-Sn: ]-Sn-™m-sd \m-b-c-ßm-Sn Im-´n-e-]-dºn¬ am-Wn-Iy≥(86). `mcy: A-Ωp-Ip-´n. a-°ƒ: hn-em-kn-\n, kp-{_≥, eX. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-L-h≥, cm-a-Ir-jv-W≥, _n-μp, ]tc-X-\m-b i-kn.

h¿-°-e: ]q-X-°p-fw ku-aym `-h-\n¬ sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn- dn-´. C≥kv-s]-Œ¿ F k-Zm-inh≥]n-≈ (58). `m-cy: ktcm-Pw. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, ku-ay. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Jne, jn-\p.

ap-l-½-Zv tNm-°m-Sv: am-fn-tb-°¬ ]-\-°¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv (\mWn-˛90). a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-lΩ-Zv-, l-kv\, A-–p¿-dlvam≥ D-eq-an, ^m-Øna, B-ky, B-bn-jm-_n, D-ss_-Zp-bm-lv apkveym¿, km-Pn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-ssk-\m¿ ss^-kn, Ip-™m≥, l\o-^, ju-°-Ø-en apkveym¿, J-Zo-P, dw-e, km-_n-d.

ap-l-½-Zv]-ø-\m-Sv: tXm-´p-s]mbn¬ X-cn-∏p-Æn¬ Ip-Δ∏n-em≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (Ip™m-∏p- lm-Pn˛84). `mcy: ]m-Øp. a-°ƒ: A–p-√, A-–p¬- I-cow, apl-Ω-Zv, J-Zo-P, B-an-\, ssa-aq-\, ]-tc-X-cm-b a-dnbp-Ω, ^m-Xzn-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p-√, A-–p-√, A-_q-_-°¿-, \-^o-k, k-Pv-\, \-ko-d, ]-tc-Xcm-b ap-l-Ω-Zv, kp-sseJ.

kv-ä³-en tPmÀ-Pv sIm-bn-em-≠n: a-μ-aw-Kew ]m-Xn-cn-°m-Sv Ã≥en tPm¿-Pv (58). ]-tc-Xcm-b tPm¿-Pv sIm-≠-bØn-s‚-bpw sU-bv-kntPm-¿-P-n-s‚-bpw a-I-\mWv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: {In-kn¬-U N-{μn.

ap-Jy-a-{´n-¡v \n-th-Z-\w \Â-In ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: _mw-•q¿ kv-t^mS-\-t°-kn¬ P-bn-en¬ I-gn-bp∂ A-–p-∂m-kn¿ a-Av-Z-\n-bpsS Pm-ay-Øn-s‚ Im-cy-Øn¬ tIm¨-{K-kv ssl-°-am‚n-s\ C-S-s]-Sp-hn-°m≥ A-Sn-b-¥-cam-bn {i-an-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏-´v tI-c-f ap-kv-enw P-am-AØv Iu¨-kn¬ kw-ÿm-\ IΩn-‰n ap-Jy-a-{¥n-°v \n-th-Z-\w \¬-I-n. a-Av-Z-\n-bp-sS Pm-aym-t]-£bn¬ I-gn-™ _n.sP.]n. k¿°m¿-t]m-epw kzo-I-cn-°m-Ø I¿-°-i-\n-e-]m-SmWv tIm¨{K-kv k¿-°m-¿ kzoI-cn-®-Xv. Ip-‰-]-{X-Øn¬ C-√m-Ø Btcm-]-W-am-Wv tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ D∂-bn-°-s∏-´-sX-∂pw \n-th-Z-\Øn¬ Nq-≠n-°m-´p-∂p.

ta-∏m-Sn: ]p-‰m-Sv sh-´nt°m-´n¬ am-Xyp (Ipt™-´≥-˛84). `m-cy: am¿K-c-‰v (sIm-®n A-d-°-∏d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a-°ƒ: tPm-k-^v, jmPn, tPm-bv-kn, tPm¿-Pv, hn≥-sk≥ (e-≠≥), ]tc-X-cm-b Nn-∂-Ω, Zmkv, Uo-°≥ km-_p. acp-a-°ƒ: en-kn, km-en, t]mƒ, km‚n, t_-_n®≥.

am-[-h³ Du-c-≈q¿: ]-Sn-™m-sd B-im-cn-°¬ am-[-h≥ (68). `m-cy: tZ-hn. a°ƒ: k-Xy≥, kp-a-Xn, k-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: taml-\≥, tam-l-\≥.

hn-im-em-£n A-½-

sXm-Sp-]p-g: ap-X-e-t°m-Sw Ip∂w P-Mv-j-\n¬ Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-°Sn-bn¬-s∏-´v ss_-°v bm-{XnI≥ a-cn-®p. D-Sp-º-∂q¿ A-a-b{] ]p-√q-∏p-≈n¬ tKm-]n-\mY≥ (49) B-Wv C-∂-se D-®-bv°v c-t≠m-sS-bp-≠m-b A-]-I-SØn-¬ a-cn-®-Xv. D-Sp-º-∂q-cn-se l-tem F-≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv h¿-Ivkv ÿm-]-\ D-S-a-bm-Wv. Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-sb a-dn-I-S-°p∂-Xn-\n-sS F-Xn-tch-∂ Im-dnSn-®v sX-dn-®p-ho-W tKm-]n-\m-Ys‚ tZ-l-Øv tem-dn I-b-dn-bn-dßn X¬-£-Ww a-c-Ww kw-`hn-®p. sXm-Sp-]p-g-bn-se h¿-°vtjm-∏n¬ \n-∂p ss_-°n¬ DSp-º-∂q-cn-te-°v t]m-Ip-tºmgm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. sXm-Sp-]pg Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬

tX-™n-∏-ew: A-co-∏m-dbn-se I-≈n-bn¬ A-_q_-°¿ lm-Pn (_m-∏p-Ipt™m≥-˛77). `m-cy-am¿: P-ao-e, ]-tc-X-bm-b a-Ωocp-Ω. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, Ip-™n-^m-Øn-a, d-knb,a-dn-bw-_n.

t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw arX-tZlw _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. -kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. ]tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h≥ \m-b-cmWv ]n-Xm-hv. am-Xm-hv: `m¿-K-hnb-Ω-. `m-cy: tim-`-\-. a-°ƒ: tPym-Xn, A-iz-Xn.

h-en-b-ßm-Sn-:- a-¶-csØm-Sn- ]-tc-X-\m-b- Ben-°p-´n-bp-sS- `m-cy- X-´m≥-sXm-Sn- _n-cn-b-°p-´n(75)-.- a-°ƒ-:- Ip-™n-apl-Ω-Zv,- _-jo¿,- ap-kv-X^- (Pn-±-),- a-Po-Zv,- k-ao¿(Pn-±-),- k-eo-\.- a-cp-a°ƒ-:- J-Zo-P,- dw-e,- kmPn-Z,- d-ko-\,- lm-cn-^,_-jo¿.-

ap-l-½-Zv- -

A-_q-_-¡À lm-Pn

Sn-¸À-tem-dn-¡-Sn-bnÂ-s¸-«v ss_-¡v bm-{X-n-I³ a-cn-¨p-

_n-cn-b-¡p-«n-

ta-em-‰q¿: In-g-°pw-]mSw Np-≈-n-tbm-Sp-Ip-∂v ]qf-Øv ap-l-Ω-Zv (55). `mcy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: hm-ln-Zv, kp-[o¿, \-koa, l-k-\-Øv, \-Zo-d. a-cpa-°ƒ: dp-_o-\, ^-koe, d-^o-Jv.

\o-e-I-WvT³- sam-d-bq¿: U¬-ln _yqtdm C‚-en-P‚ v dn-´. Poh-\-°m-c≥ ]q-W-°m´n¬ \o-e-I-WvT≥ (65). `m-cy: Pm-\-In. a-°ƒ: A-Uz. \n-tPjv-Ip-am¿, P-tb-jv-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-Iƒ: \o-Xp. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: im-¥, kp-Ip-am-c≥, kp-μ-c≥, cm-[m-a-Wn, cm-tP-{μ≥.

D-½-¿-D-½ I-°m-Sv: tXm-´p-߬ apl-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy `-K-h-Xn Im-hp-߬ D-Ω-ø-D-Ω (108). a-°ƒ: Ip-™nsam-bv-Xo≥, ^-{Ip-±o≥.

am-Wn-¡p-«n a-t©-cn: I-cp-h-{ºw {]W-hw ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb tIm-gn-∏-≈n tXm-´-t»cn N-¥p-Æn-bp-sS `m-cy am-Wn-°p-´n (87). a-°ƒ: Nn-∂≥, in-h-Zm-k≥, ]mdp-°p-´n, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, I-a-ew. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I-dp∏≥, N-{μ≥, Nn-∂≥, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, \o-\.

A-eo-a Iq-cn-bm-Sv: ]-\-ºp-g tdmUn¬ Im-f-ßm-S≥ D-Ω-dns‚ `m-cy Ir-jv-W-]-dº≥ A-eo-a (65). a-°ƒ: C-{_m-low-Ip-´n (Z-Ωmw), A-–p-k-emw (Ip-sshØv), l-ko-_v, A-øq-_v, ^m-dq-Jv (ku-Zn), ju°-Øv, ssk-\-_, lm-cnkv, B-kn-b -_o-hn.

sam-b-X v o³-tIm-b \-∑≠ - : \-∑≠ - b - n-se a¬-kyhym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp∂ ssI-{]w-ho-´n¬ sambvX - o≥-tIm-b (55). `m-cy: ssk-\_ - . a-°ƒ: jw-\, j-_v\ - . a-cp-a° - ƒ: j-ao¿ , Pw-jo-Zv (\-∑≠ - ).

D-®o³Iq-´n-e-ßm-Sn: hm-g-°m-´n-cn sXm-Æ≥-sXm-Sn D-Æo≥ (79). `m-cy: l-ΔmD-Ω. a°ƒ: A-ko-kv, in-lm-_v, l-_o-_, l-ko-\, km-lnd, P-ko-e, D-a¿ -i-co-^v, epJv-am≥, hm-ln-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lm-cn-kv, ap-l-Ω-Z-en, B-en, bm-jn-Jv.

Ip-ªm-an-\ ]-d-ºn¬_-km¿: Ip™m-an-\ (92).

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: a-t©-iz-cw N¿-®v _o-®n¬ hym-gm-gvN cm-{Xn 11Hm-sS I-s≠-Øn-b ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cn-®-dn™p. _-≠zmƒ sam-K¿ kz-tZ-in _m-]v-‰n-Ãv an-kv-In‰v (60) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.- aq-∂p-Zn-h-kw ap-ºv Ir-jn-bn-SØn¬ \n-∂p sh-≈w Nm-en-te-°v H-gp-°n-hn-Sp-∂-Xn\n-sS Im¬-sX-‰n i-‡-am-b H-gp-°p-≈ Nm-en-te-°v ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d-™p. arX-tZ-lw I-S-en-eq-sS H-gp-In a-t©-iz-cw _o-®n-seØp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: kn-kn-en.

`ojWn: _-emÂ-kw-K-¯n-\n-cbm-b 10mw-¢mkpIm-cn Po-h-s\m-Sp-¡n Km-kn-bm-_mZv: _-em¬-kw-K-Øn-\n-c-bmb 10mw ¢mkv hn-Zym-¿-Yn-\n tI-kn-se {]-Xn-bp-sS Ip-Spw-_-Øn-s‚ `o-j-Wn-sb -Xp-S¿-∂v B-fllXy sN-bvXp. tI-kv ]n≥-h-en-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏-´m-bn-cp-∂p `o-jWn. ^m-cn-Zv-\-K-dn-se _‘p-ho-´n-em-Wv s]¨-Ip-´n-sb ^m-\n-¬ Xq-ßna-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-bXv. tI-kv ]n≥-h-en°-W-sa-∂ {]-Xn-bp-sS ho-´p-Im-cp-sS k-Ω¿±sØ Xp-S¿-∂v s]¨-Ip-´nbpw Ip-Spw-_hpw _‘p-ho-´n-te-°v Xma-kw am-dn-bn-cp∂p. sam-ss_¬ F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn [¿ta-μdpw c-≠p Iq-´m-fn-Ifpw tN¿-∂p s]¨-Ip-´nsb X-´n-s°m≠p-t]m-bn _-em¬-kw-K-w sN-bvX-ti-jw hn-P-\am-b ÿe-Øv D-t]-£n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p. Xp-S¿-∂m-Wv s]¨--Ip-´n-bp-sS ho-´pIm¿ t]m-en-kn¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-bXv. {]-Xn-bpsS ho-´p-Im-cp-sS `o-j-Wn-sb Xp-S¿-∂v X-ß-fpsS a-Iƒ am-\-kn-I-am-bn X-I¿-∂n-cps-∂-∂v s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-sS ho-´p-Im¿ ]-d™p.

\nc-h[n tam-j-W-t¡-k-p-I-fnse {]-Xn- ]nSn-bn Ip-∂w-Ip-fw: C-cp-\q-dn-te-sd tam-j-W-t°-k-p-I-fn¬ {]-Xnbm-b bp-hm-hn-s\ Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xp. ae-∏p-dw tX-™n-∏-ew kz-tZ-in ]m-e-°m-´v ho-´n¬ ssk-\p-±os\-(32)bm-Wv kn.sF _m-_p sI tXm-a-kn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep-≈ t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bvX-Xv. 2011 B-K-kv-Xn-¬ s]-cp-ºnem-hv A-Xp-ey-bn¬ D-Æn-bp-sS ho-´n¬ \n-∂v \m¬-∏-Ø-©-c ]h≥ kz¿-Wm-`-c-W-ß-fpw c-≠v dn-Ãv hm-®p-I-fpw C-e-t{Œm-Wn-Ivkv D-]-I-c-W-ß-fpw I-√pw-]p-dw sX-°-Øv ho-´n¬ Ip-™n-∏-bpsS ho-´n-¬ \n-∂v H-∂-c-e-£w cq]-bp-sS Xp-Wn-Ø-c-ß-fpw ]mtd-ºm-S-Øv ap≥ \-K-c-k-`m sNb¿-am≥ sI ]n tU-ho-kn-s‚

ho-´n¬ \n-∂v sN-bn≥, tam-Xn-cw, I-Ω¬ F-∂n-h-bpw tam-„n-® tI-kp-I-fnem-Wv C-bmƒ AdÃn-em-bXv. Kƒ-^n¬ ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂ ssk-\p-±o≥ A-h-[n-°v \m-´n-¬ h-cp-∂p-sh-∂ c-l-ky-hn-h-csØ Xp-S¿-∂v apw-ss_ C‚¿\m-j-\¬ F-b¿-t]m-¿-´n¬ \n-

∂m-Wv C-bm-sf I-kv-‰-U-n-bn-seSp-Ø-Xv. Ip-∂w-Ip-fw ta-J-ebn¬ \-S-Øn-b tam-j-W-Øn-\p ti-jw hn-tZ-i-tØ-°p ap-ßn-b C-bmƒ-°m-bn t]m-en-kv ep°u-´v t\m-´n-kv ]p-d-s∏-Sp-hn-®ncp-∂p. 150te-sd tI-kp-I-fn¬ hn-hn[ t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j≥ ]-cn-[nbn¬ C-bm-fp-sS A-d-Ãv tc-J-s∏Sp-Øn-bn-´p-s≠-¶n-epw 50Hm-fw tI-kp-I-fn¬ ]n-Sn-°n-´m-∏p-≈nbm-Wv. ssl-th-I-fn-se B-fn√m-Ø ho-Sp-Iƒ I-s≠-Øn kwLmw-K-ß-fp-am-bn ÿ-e-sØØn hm-Xn¬ Ip-Øn-s∏m-fn-®v tam-j-Ww \-S-Øp-∂-Xm-Wv Cbm-fp-sS co-Xn. 25te-sd t]m-enkv kv-t‰-j-\p-I-fn¬ C-bm-fp-sS t]-cn¬ tam-j-W-t°-kp-I-fp≠v. tam-j-W ap-X¬ hn-‰p-In-´p-

∂ ]-Ww sIm-≠v sN-ss∂, apwss_, _mw-•q¿ F-∂o sa-t{Sm \-K-c-ß-fn¬ B¿-`m-S-Po-hn-Xw \-bn-®v hn-tZ-i-tØ-°p ap-ßp-Ibm-Wv C-bmƒ sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. Iq-´p-{]-Xn-I-fm-b ap-kv-Xm-Jv, j^o-Jv F-∂n-h-sc-bpw tam-j-Wap-X¬ hn¬-∏-\ \-S-Øm≥ klm-bn-®-Xn-\v ssk-\p-±o-s‚ amXm-hn-s\-bpw k-tlm-Z-cn-sbbpw Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]m-en-kv t\sØ A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. 2011¬ kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cnbn¬ \n-∂v 110 ]-h-s‚ kz¿-Wm`-c-W-ß-fpw X-e-t»-cn-bn¬ \n∂v 56 ]-h-s‚ B-`-c-W-ß-fpw Ih¿-∂-Xv ssk-\p-±o-s‚ t\-XrXz-Øn-ep-≈ kw-L-am-bn-cp-∂p. 15 Zn-h-k-sØ eo-hn¬ \m-´n¬ h∂-t∏m-gm-Wv t]m-en-kv ssk-\p±o-s\ A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv.

C-S-Xp-t\-Xm-¡Ä k-ao-]n-s¨-¶v am-Wn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: tkm-fm¿ X´n-∏n-s‚ ]-›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ Xs‚ Xm¬-∏-cy-a-dn-bm≥ C-S-Xpt\-Xm-°ƒ k-ao-]n-s®-∂v a{¥n sI Fw am-Wn. ap-Jy-a-{¥n]-Z-sØ-°p-dn-®pw t\-Xm-°ƒ kq-Nn-∏n-®-Xm-bn kz-Im-cy-Nm-\en-\v \¬-In-b A-`n-ap-J-Øn¬ am-Wn ]-d-™p. C-S-Xp-ap-∂-Wnbn-te-°p h-cp-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®pw A-\u-]-Nm-cn-I N¿-®-Iƒ \-S-∂p. tPm-kv sI am-Wn-sb tI-{μ-a-{¥n-bm-°m-Ø-Xv i-cnbm-bn-√. tkm-Wn-bm-Km-‘n-tbm-Spw {]-[m-\-a-{¥n-tbm-Spw t\-cn-´v C°m-cyw B-h-iy-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. tI{μ-a-{¥n-ÿm-\w tI-c-fm tIm¨-{K- n-\v A-h-Im-i-s∏-´Xm-sW-∂pw am-Wn ]-d-™p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

27 Pq-sse 2013 i\n

sU-¦n-¸-\n _m-[n-¨v hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn¨p

a-{´n a-ª-fmw-Ip-gn

_m-e-Ir-jv-W³

`m-kv-I-c³

^m-¯n-am-_o-hn

A-k-\mÀ-]n-Å

_o-hn-Ip-ªv

P-\mÀ-±-\³-]n-Å

a-Po-Zv

sIm-√w: sIm-´-∏p-d-Øv In-g-°-Xn¬ hn _m-e-Irjv-W≥(65). `m-cy: kp-Ipam-cn. a-°ƒ: t_-_n, _nμp, a-Rv-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-[, th-Wp, A-\n.

Im-´m-°-S: ssa-e-°-c I√w-s]m-‰ kp-tc-jv `-h\n¬ `m-kv-I-c≥ (62). ktlm-Z-c-߃: kp-tc-{μ≥ (tI-c-fm lu-kv, \-yqU¬-ln), eo-e, X-¶w, tKm-a-Xn.

tKm-]n

]-c-ta-iz-c³ ]n-Å

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: h-´nbq¿-°m-hv a-©m-Sn-aq-Sv ta-S-bn¬ lu-kn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b A-_q-_-°-dns‚ `m-cy ^m-Øn-am-_ohn (63). J-_-d-S-°w C∂v cm-hn-se F-´n-\v I-c-a\ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬. a-°ƒ: kp¬^n, A-–p¬-I-cow, d-^oJv, j-^o-Jv, kp-a-ø, ssa-aq-\, a≥-kq¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p¬-hm-ln-Zv, Pp-ss\-Zv, ^m-Øn-a, lko-\, \-Pn-Z, dq-_n-\, ap_o-\.-

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: {]-apJ C-kv-em-an-I-{]-`m-j-I\pw h-≈-°-S-hv a-kv-Pn-Zv No-^v C-am-ap-am-b F Fw \u-jm-Zv _m-J-hnbp-sS ]n-Xm-hv Nn-d-bn≥Io-gv ap-S-]p-cw sX-∂q¿t°m-Ww em-Ø-d ho´n¬ A-k-\m¿ ]n-≈ (75). `m-cy: B-cn-^m-_ohn. a-°ƒ: \-kn-ap-±o≥ (Zp-_-bv), ko-\-Øv, ssee, \n-km-ap-±o≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: Pp-ss\-Zm-_o-hn, dm-^n, j-ao-\, kp-an-\. ar-X-tZ-lw Nn-d-bn≥-Io-gv Im-´p-ap-dm-°¬ ap-kv-enw P-am-A-Øv ]-≈n-bn¬ J_-d-S-°n.-

N-μ-\-tØm-∏v: Nm-Øn\mw-Ip-fw A-©p-ap-°v A¬-Øm-^v a≥-kn-en¬ ]-tc-Xm-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-™n-s‚ `m-cy _o-hnIp-™v(84). a-°ƒ: A–p¬ J-cow, ssk-\p-em_p-±o≥, \q-dp-±o≥, P-emep-±o≥, ^m-Øn-Ω Ip™v, d-^o-Jm _o-hn. acp-a-°ƒ: B-cn-^m _ohn, \n-k, H-ko-e, A-\ok, bq-kp-^v Ip-™v, A–p-¬ A-ko-kv.-

Ip-≠-d: C-S-h-´w {io-Irjv-W-hn-em-kw ]p-Ø≥ho-´n¬ sI P-\m¿-±-\≥]n-≈ (94). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b tZ-h-In A-Ω. a°ƒ: c-am-tZ-hn-b-Ω, a[p-kq-Z-\≥-]n-≈, {]-`mh-Xn-b-Ω, P-K-\m-Y≥-]n≈. a-cp-a-°ƒ: N-{μ≥-]n≈, c-am-tZ-hn-b-Ω, ]-tcX-\m-b tkm-a≥-]n-≈, k-Xn-tZ-hn.-

Ip-≠-d: C-f-º-≈q¿ tdm- A-en-bp-sS am-Xm-hv Up-hn-f ho-´n¬ a-Po-Zv Ip-ªm-bn-i l-Öp-½ (68). `m-cy : j-co-^m _o- cm-a-]p-cw: -a-{¥n a-™hn. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv Pm^n, ap-l-Ω-Zv dm-^n. a-cp- fmw-Ip-gn A-en-bp-sS ama-°ƒ: ssj-\n, k-Po-\.- Xm-hv ]-\-ßm-ß-c a™-fmw-Ip-g-n ]-tc-X-\mdm-tlÂb ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ am-\pap-≈-cn-ßm-Sv-: ]-tc-X-\m- hn-s‚ `m-cy- Im-®n-\nb-h-´-°m-hn¬- Io-cym°m-Sv s]-cn-©o-cn Ipt°m-bp-sS `m-cy- dm™m-bn-i l-÷p-Ω tl¬- (83)- .-kw-kv-Im-cw- (95). a-‰p-a-°ƒ: A-e-hn\-S-Øn.-- a-°ƒ-: ta-cn,lm-Pn, A-l-Ω-Zv- lm-Pn, _m-_p,- kn-kn,- Ip-cymsam-bv-Xn, ssl-Z¿, A®≥,- X-ºn (kn-]n-sF –p-√, A-_q-_-°¿ knFw- ap-≈-cn-ßm-Sv- tem°¬- I-Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw).- a- ±o-Jv (F-√m-h-cpw kucp-a-°ƒ-: t]mƒ,- ]-tc-X- Zn), _o-hn, J-Zo-P, ]-tc\m-b km-ep,- B-eo-kv,X-\m-b D-Æn-b-h-d lm\m≥-kn,- kn-an-\n-.-Pn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: am-{ºsØm-Sn kq-∏n- lm-Pn ]^m-¯n-a-¡p-«n l-Öp-½ \-ßm-ß-c, Im-cm-´n¬ A-cn-{º: A-Øn-°mhn¬ ^m-Øn-a-°p-´n l- A-en A-cn-{], d-kn-b, ÷p-Ω (85). `¿-Øm-hv: ]- ^m-Øn-a-°p-´n, a-dn-bptc-X-\m-b a-Ω-Zv. a-°ƒ: Ω, ssa-aq-\, ssa-aq-\, kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-i, t]m-°-dp-´n am-kv-‰¿, apl-Ω-Zv, D-Æo≥-Ip-´n, A- _o-\, a-dn-bp-Ω. k_vv-Zp¿-d-lv-am≥, ssk-Z-e- tlm-Z-c-߃: A-e-hnhn, I-Zn-bp-Ω, B-bn-i. a- lm-Pn, tIm-bm-∏, ^mcp-a-°ƒ: J-Zo-i, J-Zo-i, Øn-a, C-Øo-a, ssk-\k-°o-\, dp-Jn-b, J-Zo-i, _, km-dm-D-Ω, J-Zo-P, ssl-Z¿, sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-´n-l´n lm-Pn sh-fn-ap-°v. k≥ lm-Pn.

sN-ß-∂q¿: A-ßm-Sn°¬ sX-°v, {In-kv-Xy≥tIm-tf-Pn-\v k-ao-]w, ]pØ≥-]p-c-bv-°¬, Fw.-F≥ tKm-]n (72) kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn. `m-cy `m¿§-hn. a-Iƒ im-¥n. a-cp-aI≥ tkm-a≥

Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv ap-ÉymÀ A-Sn-am-en: a-∂m-¶m-e ]´-fm-bn¬ ]n F-®v Ip™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-…ym¿ (sIm-®p ap-…ym¿v ˛ 73). J-_-d-S-°n.a-°ƒ ˛ \-_o-k, Akv-a, l-ssk-\m¿, ^mØn-Ω, lm-P-d, dp-Jn-b, l-ko-\, P-eo¬.-a-cp-a°ƒ ˛ ao-cm≥, ]-tc-X\m-b ssa-Xo≥, \m-k¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zv, P-∫m¿, l-Ωm-Zv, \ko¿, l-eo-a

Xn-cp-h-√: a-Wn-∏p-g {io hn-Zym-[n-cm-P F≥.-F-kv.F-kv I-c-tbm-Kw sk-{I´-dn s]m-Sn-bm-Sn I-≠Øn¬ Pn ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ ]n-≈ (81) kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 9\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬.- `m-cy: sN-√-Ω.a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv Ipam¿,k-Xn, k-_n-X,ktcm-Pw,]-tc-X-bm-b kmhn-{Xn.-a-cp-a-°ƒ: kn‘p,cm-P≥ ]n-≈,c-hn, ]tc-X-bm-b i-in,Ir-jv-W ]n-≈.-

\-fn-\-½ a-Æ-t©-cn: ap-l-Ω Ducm-fn¬ ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ in-h≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy \-fn-\-Ω (69). a-°ƒ: Djm-dm-Wn, cm-tP-jv, ]-tcX-\m-b k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿.

sIm-¨p Ir-jv-W ]n-Å Xn-cp-h-√: \o-tc-‰p ]p-dw Xp-≠n-∏-d-ºn¬ Pn sIm®p Ir-jv-W ]n-≈ (74) kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂ D-®-°v 2\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.- `m-cy: hn-P-b-Ω.-a-°ƒ: cm-Pohv,B-i ,Pq-ena-cp-a-°ƒ: en-Pn,jm-Pn,kp-tc-jv.

B-bn-i-amÄ l-Öp-½ s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: Xq-X al-√v ap-X-h-√n-bm-bn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X-\m-b a-W-en-]-dºn¬ lw-kp- lm-Pn-bpsS `m-cy B-bn-j-amƒ l-÷p-Ω (73).

X-¦-½ Xn-cp-h-√: ap-Øq¿ ]m-d°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm®p-Ip-™n-s‚ `m-cy X-¶Ω (83) J-_-d-S-°w \-SØn.-

_n-Pp Ip-a-fn: ]-tc-X-\m-b dn-´.t]m-kv-‰p-am-kv-‰¿ sF-°c N-{μ-s‚ a-I≥ _n-Pp sF kn(44). kw-kv-Imcw ]n-∂o-Sv.

G-{_-lmw Xn-cp-h-√: Hm-X-d I-Wnbmw ]p-g °-c sI Fw G-{_-lmw (80) kw-kvIm-cw ]n-∂o-Sv .-`m-cy : kqk-Ωa-°ƒ: ]p-jv],ssj-\n,jn-_n,{]-n≥kv.- a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-h.-tPmkv Np-\-aTw,jm-_p,_nPp,hn-Pn.-

cm-a³ -\m-bÀ A-co-t°m-Sv: ]-Ø-\m-]pcw im-¥n-\-K-dn¬ ]q-Δ©o-cn cm-a≥- \m-b¿ (82). `m-cy: cp-Kvan-WnAΩ. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-bm-b D-j, Aw-_n-I, D-Z-b-N{μn-I.

Pm-\-In Xn-cp-h-√: Im-hpw `m-Kw ]q-®-°m-e-m-bn¬ Pm-\In(75) kw-kv-Im-cw \-SØn.-

^m-¯n-a l-Öp-½ cm-a-\m-´p-I-c: tIm-f-Pv tdm-Un¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Nm-cp-]-Sn-°¬ Ip-´q-kbp-sS `m-cy F-S-t°m-´v ^m-Xzn-a l-÷p-Ω (94). a-°ƒ: aq-k-t°m-b (dn-´. sh-ln-°nƒ kq-∏¿-sshk¿, sI.F-kv. B¿.Sn. kn.), ssk-X-e-hn (F-Ivkv. k¿-ho-kv), A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿, C-{_m-low, ap-lΩ-Zv Im-knw, A-–p¿dkm-Jv.

A-c-a-Øp-aTw: sU-¶n-∏\n-bpw a-™-∏n-Ø-hpw _m-[n-®v π-kv h¨ hnZym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. I-cp-\m-K∏-≈n sXm-Sn-bq¿ h-S-°v πm-hn-f ]-So-‰-Xn¬ ho-´n¬ c-ta-in-s‚ a-I≥ cm-lp¬c-ta-iv(hn-jv-Wp-˛16) BWv a-c-n-®-Xv. X-g-h K-h¨sa‚ v tKƒ-kv l-b¿-sk°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-fn-se π-kv h¨ tIm-ta-gv-kv hn-Zym¿Yn-bm-bn-cp-∂p cm-lp¬ c-ta-iv. I-Sp-Ø ]-\n Im-c-Ww I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw I-cp-\mK-∏-≈n K-h¨-sa‚ v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n®n-cp-∂p. A-∂v X-s∂ B-e-∏p-g sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fPn-te-°v d-^¿ sN-bv-sX-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°phm≥ km-[n-®n-√. sN-√-Ω-bm-Wv am-Xm-hv. c-Rv-Pp cta-iv, B-Xn-c c-ta-iv F-∂n-h¿ k-tlm-Z-c-ß-fm-Wv.-

A-Úm-X ar-X-tZ-lw Is−¯n

sIm-√w: sI.-F-kv.-B¿.Sn.-kn. _-kv Ãm≥-Un-\v k-ao-]w A-h-i-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠ A-⁄m-X≥ a-cn-®p. G-I-tZ-iw 65 h-b- v {]mbw tXm-∂n-°p-∂- hr-≤s\ I-gn-™ 24\m-Wv _kv Ãm≥-Un-\v k-ao-]w Ah-i-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. Pn√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn®-t∏m-tg-°pw a-c-W-s∏-´p. \-c-® ap-Sn, X-e-bn¬ I-j≠n, C-S-Xv I-Æn-\v Xm-sg H-cp I-dp-∏v A-S-bm-fw h-eXp s\-©v `m-K-Øv H-cp I-dp-∏v A-S-bm-fw F-∂n-h-bmWv A-S-bm-fw. ]-® I-c-bp-≈ sh-≈-ap-≠pw sh-≈bn¬ ]-® h-c-bp-≈ j¿-´p-am-bn-cp-∂p th-jw. ar-XtZ-lw Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-cn°p-I-bm-Wv. C-bm-sf Ip-dn-®v hn-h-cw e-`n-°p-∂-h¿ 0474 2742072, 9497980175, 9497930815 F-∂o \-º-cp-Ifn¬ _-‘-s∏-S-W-sW-∂v Cu-Ãv F-kv.-sF. A-dnbn-®p.

Xn-cp-h-\-´-]p-cw kz-tZ-in I-®q-cn a-cn-¨-\n-e-bn -c-Rv-Pn-¯v

s_-¶n t]m-Ä

im-c-Z

jn-lm-_p-±o³

hn-P-b³

k-Zm-in-h³]n-Å

sIm-¨n-¡

jn-Pp cm-Pp

Ip-≠-d: Ip-gn-bw c-Rv-PnXv `-h-\n¬ cm-tP-{μ≥-]n≈-bp-sS a-I≥ c-Rv-PnXv(24). am-Xm-hv: cm-KnWn. k-tlm-Z-c≥: cmw-PnXv (B¿-an).kw-kv-Im-cw Rm-bdm-gv-N cm-hn-se H-º-Xn\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.-

]p-\-eq¿: sh-≈n-a-e At©-°¿ a-μn-c-Øn¬ hoSv s_-∂n t]mƒ(52). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v 12 a-Wn-°v A-t©°¿ sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: tPm-fn s_-∂n. a°ƒ: tPm-_n≥, Pn_n≥, F-bv-©¬.

h¿-°-e: ]q-X-°p-fw ku-aym `-h-\n¬ sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn- dn-´. C≥kv-s]-Œ¿ F k-Zm-inh≥]n-≈ (58). `m-cy: k-tcm-Pw. a°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, ku-ay. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Jn-e, jn\p.

Ip-≠-d: F-gp-tIm¨ πm°m-Sv Im-cp-th-en¬ sX‰n-tbm-Sv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b I-Æ-s‚ `m-cy sIm-®n-°(102).-

a-dn-b-¡p-«n

I-√-d: ap-Xp-hn-f a-c-°m-Sv jw-em a≥-kn-en¬ Fw jn-lm-_p-±o≥ (75). `-mcy: lu-e-Øv-_o-hn. a°ƒ: jw-e,ssj-e, ssj-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: aplm-Po¿, t{]w- _m-j (F-kv.-sF, B-cy-t¶m-Sv t]m-en-kv tÃ-j≥), \nkm¿ (ku-Zn A-td-_y).-

A-h-Wm-Ip-gn: cm-a-]p-cØv A-hn-´w `-h-\n¬ _n hn-P-b≥ (61). `m-cy: ]n {]-k-∂. a-°ƒ: hn ]n Pn-j, hn ]n A-Xp¬. a-cpa-I≥: sI F-kv _m-e-N{μ≥.

hÀ-¡n

sXm-Sp-]p-g: I-cn-a-Æq¿ Xm-g-tØ-S-Øv ]-tc-X-\mb Sn. F. Nm-t°m-bp-sS (Ip-t™-´≥) `m-cy a-dnb-°p-´n (82) . kw-kv-Imcw \m-sf D-®-I-gn-™v 2.30\v I-cn-a-Æq¿ sk‚ v ta-co-kv s^m-tdm-\ ]≈n-bn¬. tIm-Sn-°p-fw am-t©-cn¬ Ip-Spw-_mwK-am-Wv. a-°ƒ tPm-bn (dn-´. D-tZym-K-ÿ≥, C-Sp°n Pn-√m-k-l-I-c-W _m-¶v), tPm-k-^v, A-®mΩ, am¿-´n≥ (bp-F-kvF). a-cp-a-°ƒ : tam-fn sXm-´n-bn¬ (A-©n-cn), h-’-Ω sF-°-c (I™n-°p-gn), _m-_p Ip∂pw-]p-d-Øv (ssa-es°m-ºv), t{K-kn sN-ºIp-fw, tXm-{]mw-Ip-Sn.

s\-Sp-am-hv: ]p-fn-°¬-Ih-e X-In-Sn-bn-¬ cm-Pp-hns‚ a-I≥ jn-Pp cm-Pp (Ip-™v˛24). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-°v c-≠n-\v ]p-fn-°¬-I-h-e sk‚ v ta-cn-kv ]-≈n-bn¬. `mcy: B-Xn-c G-e-∏m-d N{μ-Øn¬ ]-d-ºn¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw. a-Iƒ: A-[o\.

sXm-Sp-]p-g: s]-cp-ºn-≈n®n-d sIm-≠q¿ h¿-°n (Ip-™v-˛88). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v s]-cp-ºn-≈n-®n-d sk‚ v tPm-k-^v ]-≈n-bn¬. `mcy ]-tc-X-bm-b G-en-°p´n sa-gp-I-\m¬ h-≠-a-‰w Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ : ]-tc-X-bm-b Nn-∂-Ω, tPm¿-÷v (s]cp-ºn-≈n-®n-d), ta-cn, knkn-en, jm-Pp sIm-≠q¿ (c-≠m¿, ap-hm-‰p-]p-g). acp-a-°ƒ : sk-_m-Ãy≥ ]m-°m-t´¬ (\m-I-∏pg), em-en tPm¿-÷v, tPm-Wn am-dm-´n¬ (hm-g°m-e), tPm-Wn X-SØn¬ (Nn-‰q¿), sP-kn jm-Pp.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Nn-dbn≥-Io-gv A-gq¿ B-\t°m-Sv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb F-kv sN-√-∏-s‚ `mcy Pn im-c-Z (85). a-°ƒ: a-Wn-b≥, Hm-a-\, eo-e, t_-_n, _m-_p, ap-c-fn, jo-e, tim-`, tam-fn. a-cpa-°ƒ: X-¶-Ω, ]-tc-X\m-b a-Wn-b≥, in-h-Zmk≥, A-ø-∏≥, c-a-Wn, eo-\, _m-_p, th-WptKm-]m¬, kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿.-

Jm-knw A-º-e-∏p-g: h-≠m-\w \o¿-°p-∂w Im-‰p-°mc≥ ]-d-ºv Im-knw (60). `m-cy: dw-e. a-°ƒ: Aao¿, Xm-ln-d, Xu-^o-°v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: j-ao¿, A≥kn¬.

d-kn-b Nm-en-bw: I-√m-bn-bn-se A-cnhym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp∂ Im-c-∏-d-ºv I-°p-gn am-fn-tb-°¬ ]-tc-X-\mb I-am-en-s‚ `m-cy Nmen-bw t]m-kv-‰v-Hm-^n-kn\p k-ao-]w Sn sI lukn¬ ]m-e-°-≠n d-knb (74).

am-Wn-¡p-«n

a-t©-cn: I-cp-h-{ºw {]W-hw ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\mcm-[-½ b tIm-gn-∏-≈n tXm-´-t»Im-bw-Ip-fw: s]-cn-ßme cm-t[-b-Øn¬ ]-tc-X- cn N-¥p-Æn-bp-sS `m-cy \m-b kp-Ip-am-c-]n-≈-bp- am-Wn-°p-´n (87). a-°ƒ: Nn-∂≥, in-hsS `m-cy cm-[-Ω (73). kw-kv-Im-cw Rm-b-dm-gv-N Zm-k≥, ]m-dp-°p-´n, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, I-a-ew. acm-hn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. a-°ƒ: F-kv {io- cp-a-°ƒ: I-dp-∏≥, NIp-am¿ (Fw.-Un, kn.-Un {μ≥, Nn-∂≥, Im¿-Xyms\-‰v Im-bw-Ip-fw, U-b- b-\n, \o-\. d-Œ¿ tI-c-f tI-_nƒ IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ en-an-‰- A-eo-a Iq-cn-bm-Sv: ]-\-ºp-g tdmUv), {io-tZ-hn. a-cp-a°ƒ: t{]-a, i-in-[-c≥- Un¬ Im-f-ßm-S≥ D-Ω-dns‚ `m-cy Ir-jv-W-]-d]n-≈. º≥ A-eo-a (65). a-°ƒ: C-{_m-low-Ip-´n (Z-Ωmw), an-\n-bm-S³ Ir-jv-W³ sIm-bn-em-≠n: ta-∏-bq¿ A-–p-k-emw (Ip-sshØv), l-ko-_v, A-øq-_v, a-™-Ip-fw an-\n-bm-S≥ ^m-dq-Jv (ku-Zn), juIr-jv-W≥ (65˛ -dn-´. sk≥-k-kv Hm-^n-kv, Xn- °-Øv, ssk-\-_, lm-cnkv, B-kn-b -_o-hn. cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw).

sam-b-X v o³-tIm-b \-∑≠ - : \-∑≠ - b - n-se a¬-kyhym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp∂ ssI-{]w-ho-´n¬ sambvX - o≥-tIm-b (55). `m-cy: ssk-\_ - . a-°ƒ: jw-\, j-_v\ - . a-cp-a° - ƒ: j-ao¿ , Pw-jo-Zv (\-∑≠ - ).

D-®o³Iq-´n-e-ßm-Sn: hm-g-°m-´n-cn sXm-Æ≥-sXm-Sn D-Æo≥ (79). `m-cy: l-ΔmD-Ω. a°ƒ: A-ko-kv, in-lm-_v, l-_o-_, l-ko-\, km-lnd, P-ko-e, D-a¿ -i-co-^v, epJv-am≥, hm-ln-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lm-cn-kv, ap-l-Ω-Z-en, B-en, bm-jn-Jv.

Ip-ªm-an-\ ]-d-ºn¬_-km¿: Ip™m-an-\ (92).

G-en-¡p-«n Ìo-^³ Ip-a-fn: h-S-t°-°p-gn°m-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b aØm-bn Ão-^-s‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n Ão-^≥(93) \n-cym-X-bm-bn. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v 2.-30\v A-´-∏≈w s^-tdm-\-]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]-tcX A-Xn-c-ºp-g πm-hp-h-®Xn¬ Ip-Sw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ:am-Xyp, t{X-kymΩ, tPm¨, tPm¿-Pv, t__n, B-eo-kv, \n¿-Ω-e.-acp-a-°ƒ:]-tc-X-bm-b t{X-kym-Ω, tXmw-k¨, en-k-Ω, ta-cn-°p-´n, ta-gvkn, Ip-´n-®≥, _m-_p.

C-¼n-¨m-bn-i Xm-a-c-t»-cn: X-®w-s]mbn¬ s\-tcm-ºm-d-Ω¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-b-Ω-Xns‚ a-Iƒ C-ºn-®m-bn-i (67). am-Xm-hv-: J-Zo-P. `¿Øm-hv-: sam-bv-Xo-≥ (ASn-hm-cw).

A-l-½-Zv- lm-Pn I-cn-∏q¿: h-e-°-≠n Al-Ω-Zv- lm-Pn (80). `m-cy: a-Ωm-Øp-Ω- l-÷p-Ω. a°ƒ: l-k≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X-^ (Pn-±), A-e-hn°p-´n sN-dn-bm-∏p, B-an\-°p-´n, B-bn-i, \-^ok-°p-´n, dp-Jn-b, kpsse-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: F Sn _m-h, ap-lΩ-Zv k-lo¿, sI Sn A-e-hn-°p-´n lmPn, sI Sn kn-±o-Jv, sam-bvXo≥, D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp, lko-\, \m-kn-b.

A-_q-_-¡À- ap-kv-eymÀ ]p-fn-bw-]-d-ºv: B-im-cnsØm-Sn-I A-_q-_-°¿ ap-kveym¿ (57).- `m-cy: Ip™n-∏m-Øp-Ω.

I-Æq¿: Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw kz-tZ-in-sb I-Æq-cn¬ acn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw B-‰n߬ kz-tZ-in ap-Po-_n(48)s\-bm-Wv I-Æq¿ k-∂n[m≥ _m-dn-\p k-ao-]-sØ sI-´n-S-Øn-se h-cm-¥bn¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠X -- v. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS-bm-Wp kw-`-hw. \m-´p-Im¿ hn-h-c-a-dn-bn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v Su¨ t]m-en-kv ÿe-sØ-Øn C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn. ar-X-tZ-lw Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬. Ign-™ 10 h¿-j-am-bn I-Æq-cn¬ Iq-en-∏-Wn sN-bv-Xph-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p ap-Po_v.

sI-«n-S-¯n-Â\n-¶v ho-Wv X-an-gv-\m-Sv kz-tZ-in a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: sI-´n-S-Øn-\p ap-I-fn¬ s{S-kv h¿-°v sN-øp-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ ap-I-fn¬ \n-∂v ho-Wv X-an-gv-\mSv kz-tZ-in a-cn-®p. tIm-b-º-Øq¿ kz-tZ-in chn(42)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. cm-hn-se 10Hm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`hw. D-S-s\ X-s∂w Nm-e-°p-Sn-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p-sh-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-e-°p-Sn k¿-°m¿ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ tam¿-®-dn-bn¬.-

ImÀ C-Sn-¨v kv-Iq-«À bm-{X-n-I-\m-b ¹-kv Sp hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p

Im-™n-c-∏-≈n: Im¿ C-Sn-®v kv-Iq-´¿ bm-{X-n-I-\m-b π-kv Sq hn-Zym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. k-l-bm-{Xn-I-\m-b hnZym¿-Yn-°v Kp-cp-X-c ]-cn-°v. ]-gp-a-e I-cn-tßm-e°¬ km-_p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ A-`n-em-jv (16) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. tXm-´pw-ap-Jw Ip-dn-®n-]-d-ºn¬ \m-k-dn-s‚ aI≥ \-Pm-kn(18)\m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. km-c-am-bn ]-cnt°-‰ \-Pm-kn-s\ sX-≈-I-sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v 4.-15\v tZin-b ]m-X-bn¬ Im-™n-c-∏-≈n ]-©m-b-Øv Hm-^nkv h-f-hn-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. ap-≠-°-bw `m-KØp \n-∂pw tIm-´-bw `m-K-tØ-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bncp-∂ Im-dpw F-Xn¿ Zn-i-bn¬ \n-s∂-Øn-b tlm-≠ B-Iv-So-h kv-Iq-´-dpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. -A]-I-S-Øn¬-s∏-´ C-cp-h-cpw F.--sI.--sP.-Fw kv-Iq-fnse π-kv Sp hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-fm-Wv.

ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cn-¨-dn-ªp th-Wp-tKm-]m-e³ \m-bÀ

jm-Pn

A-¸p-¡p-«³

Ip-ªp-tamÄ

am-Wn-Iy³

A-Ðp-tam³

hÀ-Ko-kv

{]-km-Zv

hm-gq¿: s\-Sp-am-hv a-WnI-WvT-Øn¬ Fw B¿ th-Wp-tKm-]m-e≥ \mb¿ (58˛-dn-´-.-t]m-en-kv ss{U-h¿). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. a-d-hq¿ tIm-hn¬-I-S-hv `-‡n-hn-em-kw Ip-Spw_m-Kw. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: `-hm-\n-b-Ω, ao-\m-£nb-Ω, im-¥-Ip-am-cn-b-Ω, ]-tc-X-cm-b `m-kv-I-c≥\m-b¿, tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvW≥ \m-b¿.

tN-e-°-c: h-´p-≈n tImbn-° am-fn-I-bn¬ a-Ømbn-bp-sS a-I≥ sI Fw h¿-§o-kv(44). `m-cy: a°ƒ: jn-t\m, k-t\m.

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: C-cn-ß-∏pdw ho-´n¬ Ip-´-∏ a-I≥ A-∏p-°p-´≥ (77). `m-cy: N-{μn-I. a-°ƒ: cm-Po-hv, k-Po-hv, jm-Pn. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-Pn, {]n-b, kp_n.-

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: ]-tc-X-\mb ]p-∂ A-ø-∏-s‚ `m-cysh-´-Øv ]-d-ºv Ip-™ptamƒ(67). - a-°ƒ: a-Wn, hm-kp-tZ-h≥, B-\-μ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-P,- D-j.-

tI-cf - m-[o-iz-c] - p-cw: ]tc-X\ - m-b ]p-Øq¿ tImgn-t»-cn tKm-hn-μ≥-Ip-´n ]-Wn-°c - p-sS `m-cy \-Sphn¬-∏m-´v hn-im-em-£n A-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: C-μncm-tZ-hn, hn-Pb - e - £ - va - n, k-Xo-tZ-hn, D-Æn-Ir-jvW≥. a-cp-a° - ƒ: \m-cm-bW≥- \m-b¿, A-\n-X, ]tc-Xc - m-b `m-kvI - c - ≥- \mb¿, hn-iz-\m-Y≥- \m-b¿.

Nm-h-°m-Sv: N-°w-I≠w: ssX-°m-Sv ]-©m-bØv ap≥ {]-kn-U‚ vpw tIm¨-{K-kv t\-Xm-hpam-b H Sn A-–p tam≥ (84). `m-cy: kp-lv-d. a°ƒ: I-_o¿, \u-^¬, jo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n-j, \u-j-P, jw-kp-±o≥.-

F-S-Xz: a-cn-bm-]p-cw Ipt∂¬ sIm-®p-]-d-ºn¬ sI sP h¿-Ko-kv (h-°®≥-˛87). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D®-I-gn-™v c-≠n-\v F-SXz sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv s^mtdm-\m-]-≈n kn-an-tØcn-bn¬. `m-cy: sIm-≠m°¬ I-√q-cn-Øn¬ t{Xkym-Ω. a-°ƒ: tam-Un (]n.--U-ªyp.-Un. F≥-Pn. A-cp-Wm-N¬-{]-tZ-iv), B≥-k-Ω, an-\n, knÿ tX-P-kv F.-F-kv-.Fw.-sF. (Xp-cp-Øn), A¬-t^m≥-k (apwss_), ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip™p-tam≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: F¬-k-Ω (In-g-t°-I-Shn¬, ]m-bn-∏m-Sv), h¿Ko-kv (B-e-∏m-Sv, tI-faw-K-ew), B‚-Wn, tPmPn

sIm-Sp-ßq¿: am-S-∏-≈nI-tcm-´v {]-km-Zv (48˛-SmIv-kn- ss{U-h¿). kw-kv°m-cw \-S-Øn. `m-cy: tim-`-\ ko-X-tØm-Sv. a°ƒ: {]n-b, A-iz-Xn.

am-Xyp

Nm-e-°p-Sn: ]-Sn-™m-sd \m-b-c-ßm-Sn Im-´n-e-]-dºn¬ am-Wn-Iy≥(86). `mcy: A-Ωp-Ip-´n. a-°ƒ: hn-em-kn-\n, kp-{_≥, eX. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-L-h≥, cm-a-Ir-jv-W≥, _n-μp, ]tc-X-\m-b i-kn.

ap-l-½-Zv tNm-°m-Sv: am-fn-tb-°¬ ]-\-°¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv (\mWn-˛90). a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-lΩ-Zv-, l-kv\, A-–p¿-dlvam≥ D-eq-an, ^m-Øna, B-ky, B-bn-jm-_n, D-ss_-Zp-bm-lv apkveym¿, km-Pn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-ssk-\m¿ ss^-kn, Ip-™m≥, l\o-^, ju-°-Ø-en apkveym¿, J-Zo-P, dw-e, km-_n-d.

ap-l-½-Zv]-ø-\m-Sv: tXm-´p-s]mbn¬ X-cn-∏p-Æn¬ Ip-Δ∏n-em≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (Ip™m-∏p- lm-Pn˛84). `mcy: ]m-Øp. a-°ƒ: A–p-√, A-–p¬- I-cow, apl-Ω-Zv, J-Zo-P, B-an-\, ssa-aq-\, ]-tc-X-cm-b a-dnbp-Ω, ^m-Xzn-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p-√, A-–p-√, A-_q-_-°¿-, \-^o-k, k-Pv-\, \-ko-d, ]-tc-Xcm-b ap-l-Ω-Zv, kp-sseJ.

kv-ä³-en tPmÀ-Pv sIm-bn-em-≠n: a-μ-aw-Kew ]m-Xn-cn-°m-Sv Ã≥en tPm¿-Pv (58). ]-tc-Xcm-b tPm¿-Pv sIm-≠-bØn-s‚-bpw sU-bv-kntPm-¿-P-n-s‚-bpw a-I-\mWv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: {In-kn¬-U N-{μn.

ap-Jy-a-{´n-¡v \n-th-Z-\w \Â-In ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: _mw-•q¿ kv-t^mS-\-t°-kn¬ P-bn-en¬ I-gn-bp∂ A-–p-∂m-kn¿ a-Av-Z-\n-bpsS Pm-ay-Øn-s‚ Im-cy-Øn¬ tIm¨-{K-kv ssl-°-am‚n-s\ C-S-s]-Sp-hn-°m≥ A-Sn-b-¥-cam-bn {i-an-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏-´v tI-c-f ap-kv-enw P-am-AØv Iu¨-kn¬ kw-ÿm-\ IΩn-‰n ap-Jy-a-{¥n-°v \n-th-Z-\w \¬-I-n. a-Av-Z-\n-bp-sS Pm-aym-t]-£bn¬ I-gn-™ _n.sP.]n. k¿°m¿-t]m-epw kzo-I-cn-°m-Ø I¿-°-i-\n-e-]m-SmWv tIm¨{K-kv k¿-°m-¿ kzoI-cn-®-Xv. Ip-‰-]-{X-Øn¬ C-√m-Ø Btcm-]-W-am-Wv tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ D∂-bn-°-s∏-´-sX-∂pw \n-th-Z-\Øn¬ Nq-≠n-°m-´p-∂p.

ta-∏m-Sn: ]p-‰m-Sv sh-´nt°m-´n¬ am-Xyp (Ipt™-´≥-˛84). `m-cy: am¿K-c-‰v (sIm-®n A-d-°-∏d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a-°ƒ: tPm-k-^v, jmPn, tPm-bv-kn, tPm¿-Pv, hn≥-sk≥ (e-≠≥), ]tc-X-cm-b Nn-∂-Ω, Zmkv, Uo-°≥ km-_p. acp-a-°ƒ: en-kn, km-en, t]mƒ, km‚n, t_-_n®≥.

am-[-h³ Du-c-≈q¿: ]-Sn-™m-sd B-im-cn-°¬ am-[-h≥ (68). `m-cy: tZ-hn. a°ƒ: k-Xy≥, kp-a-Xn, k-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: taml-\≥, tam-l-\≥.

hn-im-em-£n A-½-

sXm-Sp-]p-g: ap-X-e-t°m-Sw Ip∂w P-Mv-j-\n¬ Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-°Sn-bn¬-s∏-´v ss_-°v bm-{XnI≥ a-cn-®p. D-Sp-º-∂q¿ A-a-b{] ]p-√q-∏p-≈n¬ tKm-]n-\mY≥ (49) B-Wv C-∂-se D-®-bv°v c-t≠m-sS-bp-≠m-b A-]-I-SØn-¬ a-cn-®-Xv. D-Sp-º-∂q-cn-se l-tem F-≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv h¿-Ivkv ÿm-]-\ D-S-a-bm-Wv. Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-sb a-dn-I-S-°p∂-Xn-\n-sS F-Xn-tch-∂ Im-dnSn-®v sX-dn-®p-ho-W tKm-]n-\m-Ys‚ tZ-l-Øv tem-dn I-b-dn-bn-dßn X¬-£-Ww a-c-Ww kw-`hn-®p. sXm-Sp-]p-g-bn-se h¿-°vtjm-∏n¬ \n-∂p ss_-°n¬ DSp-º-∂q-cn-te-°v t]m-Ip-tºmgm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. sXm-Sp-]pg Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬

tX-™n-∏-ew: A-co-∏m-dbn-se I-≈n-bn¬ A-_q_-°¿ lm-Pn (_m-∏p-Ipt™m≥-˛77). `m-cy-am¿: P-ao-e, ]-tc-X-bm-b a-Ωocp-Ω. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, Ip-™n-^m-Øn-a, d-knb,a-dn-bw-_n.

t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw arX-tZlw _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. -kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. ]tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h≥ \m-b-cmWv ]n-Xm-hv. am-Xm-hv: `m¿-K-hnb-Ω-. `m-cy: tim-`-\-. a-°ƒ: tPym-Xn, A-iz-Xn.

h-en-b-ßm-Sn-:- a-¶-csØm-Sn- ]-tc-X-\m-b- Ben-°p-´n-bp-sS- `m-cy- X-´m≥-sXm-Sn- _n-cn-b-°p-´n(75)-.- a-°ƒ-:- Ip-™n-apl-Ω-Zv,- _-jo¿,- ap-kv-X^- (Pn-±-),- a-Po-Zv,- k-ao¿(Pn-±-),- k-eo-\.- a-cp-a°ƒ-:- J-Zo-P,- dw-e,- kmPn-Z,- d-ko-\,- lm-cn-^,_-jo¿.-

ap-l-½-Zv- -

A-_q-_-¡À lm-Pn

Sn-¸À-tem-dn-¡-Sn-bnÂ-s¸-«v ss_-¡v bm-{X-n-I³ a-cn-¨p-

_n-cn-b-¡p-«n-

ta-em-‰q¿: In-g-°pw-]mSw Np-≈-n-tbm-Sp-Ip-∂v ]qf-Øv ap-l-Ω-Zv (55). `mcy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: hm-ln-Zv, kp-[o¿, \-koa, l-k-\-Øv, \-Zo-d. a-cpa-°ƒ: dp-_o-\, ^-koe, d-^o-Jv.

\o-e-I-WvT³- sam-d-bq¿: U¬-ln _yqtdm C‚-en-P‚ v dn-´. Poh-\-°m-c≥ ]q-W-°m´n¬ \o-e-I-WvT≥ (65). `m-cy: Pm-\-In. a-°ƒ: A-Uz. \n-tPjv-Ip-am¿, P-tb-jv-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-Iƒ: \o-Xp. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: im-¥, kp-Ip-am-c≥, kp-μ-c≥, cm-[m-a-Wn, cm-tP-{μ≥.

D-½-¿-D-½ I-°m-Sv: tXm-´p-߬ apl-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy `-K-h-Xn Im-hp-߬ D-Ω-ø-D-Ω (108). a-°ƒ: Ip-™nsam-bv-Xo≥, ^-{Ip-±o≥.

hn-P-b³ tX-™n-∏-ew: sN-\-°e-ßm-Sn I-≈n-bn¬ Izm¿-t´-g-vkv B-≠-em-´v hn-P-b≥ (65).

B-e-ʳ-Ip-«n- lm-PnIp-gn-∏p-dw: I-dp-a-Æn¬ B-e- -≥-Ip-´n- lm-Pn (76). dn-´. s\-bvth-en enKvss\-‰v tIm¿-]-td-j≥ C≥-kv-{S-Œ-dm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: Ip-™n-∏m-Øp-´n. a-°ƒ: i-co-^v, A-–p¬ A-ko-kv (Zp-_-bv). a-cp-a°ƒ: ssJ-dp-∂o-k, km-_n-d. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 10.30\v Ip-gn-∏p-dw In-g-t° Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

I-®³ Ip-‰ym-Sn: Du-c-sØ hm-gbn¬ ao-ج I-Æ≥ (65). `m-cy: eo-e. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b {]-tam-Zv, {]ao-f, {]-`o-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-Xy≥, c-ay. k-©-b\w i-\n-bm-gv-N.

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: a-t©-iz-cw N¿-®v _o-®n¬ hym-gm-gvN cm-{Xn 11Hm-sS I-s≠-Øn-b ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cn-®-dn™p. _-≠zmƒ sam-K¿ kz-tZ-in _m-]v-‰n-Ãv an-kv-In‰v (60) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.- aq-∂p-Zn-h-kw ap-ºv Ir-jn-bn-SØn¬ \n-∂p sh-≈w Nm-en-te-°v H-gp-°n-hn-Sp-∂-Xn\n-sS Im¬-sX-‰n i-‡-am-b H-gp-°p-≈ Nm-en-te-°v ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d-™p. arX-tZ-lw I-S-en-eq-sS H-gp-In a-t©-iz-cw _o-®n-seØp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: kn-kn-en.

`ojWn: _-emÂ-kw-K-¯n-\n-cbm-b 10mw -¢mkpIm-cn Po-h-s\m-Sp-¡n Km-kn-bm-_mZv: _-em¬-kw-K-Øn-\n-c-bmb 10mw ¢mkv hn-Zym-¿-Yn-\n tI-kn-se {]-Xn-bp-sS Ip-Spw-_-Øn-s‚ `o-j-Wn-sb -Xp-S¿-∂v B-fllXy sN-bvXp. tI-kv ]n≥-h-en-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏-´m-bn-cp-∂p `o-jWn. ^m-cn-Zv-\-K-dn-se _‘p-ho-´n-em-Wv s]¨-Ip-´n-sb ^m-\n-¬ Xq-ßna-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-bXv. tI-kv ]n≥-h-en°-W-sa-∂ {]-Xn-bp-sS ho-´p-Im-cp-sS k-Ω¿±sØ Xp-S¿-∂v s]¨-Ip-´nbpw Ip-Spw-_hpw _‘p-ho-´n-te-°v Xma-kw am-dn-bn-cp∂p. sam-ss_¬ F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn [¿ta-μdpw c-≠p Iq-´m-fn-Ifpw tN¿-∂p s]¨-Ip-´nsb X-´n-s°m≠p-t]m-bn _-em¬-kw-K-w sN-bvX-ti-jw hn-P-\am-b ÿe-Øv D-t]-£n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p. Xp-S¿-∂m-Wv s]¨--Ip-´n-bp-sS ho-´pIm¿ t]m-en-kn¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-bXv. {]-Xn-bpsS ho-´p-Im-cp-sS `o-j-Wn-sb Xp-S¿-∂v X-ß-fpsS a-Iƒ am-\-kn-I-am-bn X-I¿-∂n-cps-∂-∂v s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-sS ho-´p-Im¿ ]-d™p.

\nc-h[n tam-j-W-t¡-k-p-I-fnse {]-Xn- ]nSn-bn Ip-∂w-Ip-fw: C-cp-\q-dn-te-sd tam-j-W-t°-k-p-I-fn¬ {]-Xnbm-b bp-hm-hn-s\ Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xp. ae-∏p-dw tX-™n-∏-ew kz-tZ-in ]m-e-°m-´v ho-´n¬ ssk-\p-±os\-(32)bm-Wv kn.sF _m-_p sI tXm-a-kn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep-≈ t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bvX-Xv. 2011 B-K-kv-Xn-¬ s]-cp-ºnem-hv A-Xp-ey-bn¬ D-Æn-bp-sS ho-´n¬ \n-∂v \m¬-∏-Ø-©-c ]h≥ kz¿-Wm-`-c-W-ß-fpw c-≠v dn-Ãv hm-®p-I-fpw C-e-t{Œm-Wn-Ivkv D-]-I-c-W-ß-fpw I-√pw-]p-dw sX-°-Øv ho-´n¬ Ip-™n-∏-bpsS ho-´n-¬ \n-∂v H-∂-c-e-£w cq]-bp-sS Xp-Wn-Ø-c-ß-fpw ]mtd-ºm-S-Øv ap≥ \-K-c-k-`m sNb¿-am≥ sI ]n tU-ho-kn-s‚

ho-´n¬ \n-∂v sN-bn≥, tam-Xn-cw, I-Ω¬ F-∂n-h-bpw tam-„n-® tI-kp-I-fnem-Wv C-bmƒ AdÃn-em-bXv. Kƒ-^n¬ ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂ ssk-\p-±o≥ A-h-[n-°v \m-´n-¬ h-cp-∂p-sh-∂ c-l-ky-hn-h-csØ Xp-S¿-∂v apw-ss_ C‚¿\m-j-\¬ F-b¿-t]m-¿-´n¬ \n-

∂m-Wv C-bm-sf I-kv-‰-U-n-bn-seSp-Ø-Xv. Ip-∂w-Ip-fw ta-J-ebn¬ \-S-Øn-b tam-j-W-Øn-\p ti-jw hn-tZ-i-tØ-°p ap-ßn-b C-bmƒ-°m-bn t]m-en-kv ep°u-´v t\m-´n-kv ]p-d-s∏-Sp-hn-®ncp-∂p. 150te-sd tI-kp-I-fn¬ hn-hn[ t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j≥ ]-cn-[nbn¬ C-bm-fp-sS A-d-Ãv tc-J-s∏Sp-Øn-bn-´p-s≠-¶n-epw 50Hm-fw tI-kp-I-fn¬ ]n-Sn-°n-´m-∏p-≈nbm-Wv. ssl-th-I-fn-se B-fn√m-Ø ho-Sp-Iƒ I-s≠-Øn kwLmw-K-ß-fp-am-bn ÿ-e-sØØn hm-Xn¬ Ip-Øn-s∏m-fn-®v tam-j-Ww \-S-Øp-∂-Xm-Wv Cbm-fp-sS co-Xn. 25te-sd t]m-enkv kv-t‰-j-\p-I-fn¬ C-bm-fp-sS t]-cn¬ tam-j-W-t°-kp-I-fp≠v. tam-j-W ap-X¬ hn-‰p-In-´p-

∂ ]-Ww sIm-≠v sN-ss∂, apwss_, _mw-•q¿ F-∂o sa-t{Sm \-K-c-ß-fn¬ B¿-`m-S-Po-hn-Xw \-bn-®v hn-tZ-i-tØ-°p ap-ßp-Ibm-Wv C-bmƒ sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. Iq-´p-{]-Xn-I-fm-b ap-kv-Xm-Jv, j^o-Jv F-∂n-h-sc-bpw tam-j-Wap-X¬ hn¬-∏-\ \-S-Øm≥ klm-bn-®-Xn-\v ssk-\p-±o-s‚ amXm-hn-s\-bpw k-tlm-Z-cn-sbbpw Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]m-en-kv t\sØ A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. 2011¬ kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cnbn¬ \n-∂v 110 ]-h-s‚ kz¿-Wm`-c-W-ß-fpw X-e-t»-cn-bn¬ \n∂v 56 ]-h-s‚ B-`-c-W-ß-fpw Ih¿-∂-Xv ssk-\p-±o-s‚ t\-XrXz-Øn-ep-≈ kw-L-am-bn-cp-∂p. 15 Zn-h-k-sØ eo-hn¬ \m-´n¬ h∂-t∏m-gm-Wv t]m-en-kv ssk-\p±o-s\ A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv.

C-SX - p-t\-Xm-¡Ä k-ao-]n-s¨-¶p am-Wn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: tkm-fm¿ X´n-∏n-s‚ ]-›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ Xs‚ Xm¬-∏-cy-a-dn-bm≥ C-S-Xpt\-Xm-°ƒ k-ao-]n-s®-∂v a{¥n sI Fw am-Wn. ap-Jy-a-{¥n]-Z-sØ-°p-dn-®pw t\-Xm-°ƒ kq-Nn-∏n-®-Xm-bn kz-Im-cy-Nm-\en-\v \¬-In-b A-`n-ap-J-Øn¬ am-Wn ]-d-™p. C-S-Xp-ap-∂-Wnbn-te-°p h-cp-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®pw A-\u-]-Nm-cn-I N¿-®-Iƒ \-S-∂p. tPm-kv sI am-Wn-sb tI-{μ-a-{¥n-bm-°m-Ø-Xv i-cnbm-bn-√. tkm-Wn-bm-Km-‘n-tbm-Spw {]-[m-\-a-{¥n-tbm-Spw t\-cn-´v C°m-cyw B-h-iy-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. tI{μ-a-{¥n-ÿm-\w tI-c-fm tIm¨-{K- n-\v A-h-Im-i-s∏-´Xm-sW-∂pw am-Wn ]-d-™p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

27 Pqsse 2013 i\n

Sn-¸À-tem-dnbnÂ- ImdnSn-¨v HcmÄ a-cn-¨p a-{´n a-ª-fmw-Ip-gn A-en-bp-sS am-Xm-hv Ip-ªm-bn-i l-Öp-½ cm-a-]p-cw: -a-{¥n a-™fmw-Ip-gn A-en-bp-sS amXm-hv ]-\-ßm-ß-c a™-fmw-Ip-g-n ]-tc-X-\mb ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ am-\phn-s‚ `m-cy- Im-®n-\n°m-Sv s]-cn-©o-cn Ip™m-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (95). a-‰p-a-°ƒ: A-e-hnlm-Pn, A-l-Ω-Zv- lm-Pn, sam-bv-Xn, ssl-Z¿, A–p-√, A-_q-_-°¿ kn±o-Jv (F-√m-h-cpw kuZn), _o-hn, J-Zo-P, ]-tcX-\m-b D-Æn-b-h-d lmPn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: am-{ºsØm-Sn kq-∏n- lm-Pn ]\-ßm-ß-c, Im-cm-´n¬ A-en A-cn-{], d-kn-b, ^m-Øn-a-°p-´n, a-dn-bpΩ, ssa-aq-\, ssa-aq-\, kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-i, _o-\, a-dn-bp-Ω. ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-e-hnlm-Pn, tIm-bm-∏, ^mØn-a, C-Øo-a, ssk-\_, km-dm-D-Ω, J-Zo-P, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-´n-lk≥ lm-Pn.

Ip-dp-¸v

_m-e-Ir-jv-W-¡p-dp-¸v

_o-hm-¯p

`m-kv-I-c³ \-¼ymÀ

tdm-k-½

th-fw: th-f-sØ X-e-apXn¿-∂ tIm¨-{K-kv t\Xm-hv ]q-f-Iq-en-se H Pn Ip-dp-∏v (88). Un.kn.kn Aw-Kw, ta-∏-øq¿ tªm°v tIm¨-{K-kv P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn, a-fi-ew {]kn-U‚ v ÿm-\-߃ hln-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: {io-tZhnb-Ω. a-°ƒ: sI cm[m-Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b¿ (A-`n-`m-j-I≥ kp{]nwtIm-S-Xn), th-Wp. kp-tc-jv _m-_p (ssl-Zcm-_m-Zv C≥-U-kv-{Sn-b¬ en-an-‰-Uv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: amb (F-d-Wm-Ip-fw), hn-Zy (Ip-º-f-t®m-e), hn-\o-X (h-S-°m-t©-cn). k-tlmZ-c-߃: ]-tc-X-\m-b H sI Ip-dp-∏v, A-Ωm-fp-AΩ, I-eym-Wn A-Ω, am-[hn A-Ω, km-hn-{Xn tZhn. k-©-b-\w Rm-b-dmgv-N.

h-S-I-c: dn-´.U-]yq-´n I-eŒ¿ H-©n-bw Ip-\n-bn¬ _m-e-Ir-jv-W-°p-dp-∏v (79). Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ tZ-hkzw U-]yq-´n I-e-Œ-dm-bn tk-h-\-a-\p-jvTn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ao-\m-£n A-Ω. a°ƒ: D-Æn-Ir-jv-W≥ (Kpcp-hm-bq¿ tZ-h-kzw t_m¿Uv), tKm-]-Ip-am¿ (£o-chn-I-k-\ h-Ip-∏v, tIm-gnt°m-Sv), t{]-a-N-{μ≥ (Ie-Œ-td-‰v h-b-\m-Sv), P-b-N{μ≥ (C-e-t{Œm¨ sS-Ivt\m-f-Po-kv), ssh-P-b-¥n (A-[ym-]n-I, ]m-e-°m-Sv), ap-c-fo-[-c≥ (Xm-eq-°v Hm^n-kv, Nn-‰q¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: _o-\ (]p-d-ta-cn), D-am-tZhn (]-ø-∂q¿), k-Pn-\ (ta-∏-bq¿). k-©-b-\w Rm-b-dm-gv-N cm-hn-se H-ºXn-\v.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: D-≈-Ww ap-≠n-b≥-Im-hv ]-tc-X\m-b Rm-‰n-߬ ap-l-ΩZn-s‚ `m-cy _o-hm-Øp (55). a-°ƒ: k-^n-b, ko\-Øv, l-^v-k-Øv, A–p¬- k-emw, A-e-hn-°p´n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p¬- K^q¿, A-–p¬- Jm-Z¿, \nkm¿, P-ao-e, \p-ssk-_. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v ap-≠n-b≥Im-hv tIm-´m-bn ]-≈n J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

h-S-I-c: dn-´. F-b¿-t^mgv-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-≥ a-ø∂q-cn-se I-tÆm-Øv Xma-kn-°pw I-cn-bm-Sv sIm√-d-Øv `m-kv-I-c≥ \ºym¿ (61). `m-cy: ItÆm-Øv ssj-a. a-°ƒ: i-c-Øv (C≥-t^m ]m¿°v, sIm-®n), P-b-¥v (amIv thƒ-Uv, jn-t√mw-Kv). amXmhv: ao-\m-£n-A-Ω: k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tKm-]me-Ir-jv-W≥, tim-`, Dj, ap-c-fn. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v I-tÆm-Øv ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.

F-S-°-c: h-gn-°-S-hv a-Wnaq-fn-bn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b Idp-I-∏-≈n h¿-Ko-kn-s‚ `m-cy tdm-k-Ω (89). ]p-fn¶p-∂v ]m-d-∏-≈n Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: tXma-kv, B‚-Wn, am-Xyp, tPm-kv, Ip-™-Ω, tdm-knen. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-∂-Ω, ta-cn, a-dn-bm-Ω, ta-cn, tPmk-^v, t]mƒ-k¨. kwkv-°m-cw C-∂v D-®bv-°v c≠n-\v a-Wn-aq-fn {I-nkv-Xpcm-P t^m-tdm-\ tZ-hm-eb sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

tPm-k-^v Hm-a-t»-cn: C-cn-∏p-gn°¬ tPm-k-^v (Ipt™-∏v-˛72). `m-cy: knkn-en. a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, ssj-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: joP, tPm-Wn.

_o-hn

Im-c-∏-d-ºv: sN-e-{]w-I≠n _o-hn (73). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X-\m-b tXm-∏bn¬ hn ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv. a°ƒ: k-°-dn-b, C-kvamCu¬, l-^vk-Øv, A∫m-kv (Zp-_-bv), ssk-\_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]n kn apkv-X-^, l-b-dp-∂o-k, kp-Kp-W³ ta-∏-øq¿: \-Sp-h-Øq-cn-se _p-jvd, k-lo-Z. k-tlm\-Sp-∏-d-ºn¬ kp-Kp-W≥ Z-c-߃: kn sI l-k≥tIm-b ssh-Zy¿, kn sI (55). `m-cy: A-\n-X. a°ƒ: B≥-kn (_n.F-kv.- lp-k-bv≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b kn sI a-Ω-ZvtIm-b, kn Fw tIm-f-Pv sIm-bn-emsI d-km-Jv, kn sI sam≠n). A-c-hn-μv (hn-Zym¿Yn, bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n tIm-f- bv-Xo≥tIm-b, ]m-ØpΩm-_n (A-∂-t»-cn). Pv, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw).

aq-k ta-∏-øq¿: Xp-d-bq¿ Nn-d°-c-bn-se a-W-∏p-d-Øv aq-k (55). ap-kv-enw eo-Kv {]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: jwkp, k-ao-a, k-eo-\, kPvv-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-Po-Zv, dm-^n, dw-jo-Zv.

ssk-\-_\-√w-X-Æn: C-√n-∏-Sn-bnse Im¿-Ip-gn-b≥ a-p-lΩ-Zn-s‚ `m-cy- ssk-\_ (58).

Pm-\-In A-½

Ip-ªn-_n-cn-bw l-Öp-½

sIm-bn-em-≠n: ]-¥-emb-\n Ip-‰n-e-°-≠n F-tc®w-I-≠n Pm-\-In A-Ω (78). `¿-Øm-hv: tKm-hnμ≥ \m-b¿ (dn-´. sdbn¬th). a-°ƒ: eo-e, kp-tc-jv _m-_p (t^mt´m tSm¨ kv-‰p-Un-tbm), cm-P-N-{μ≥ (•m-kv ]m¿°v), e-Xn-I, ]-tc-X-bm-b h-\-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-\m¿-±\≥]n-≈ (dn-´. sd-bn¬th), sj¿-fn (I-cp-a-e), kn-\n, {]-`m-I-c≥. k-©b-\w _p-[-\m-gv-N.

th-ß-c: tN-dq¿ hn.-sI.am-´n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b ]°n-b≥ l-k≥-Ip-´n lmPn-bp-sS `m-cy aq-gn-b≥ Ip-™n-_n-cn-bw l-÷pΩ (85). a-°ƒ: A-ko-kv lm-Pn (sk-{I-´-dn, hym]m-cn hy-h-km-bn G-tIm]-\- k-an-Xn, th-ß-c), A-–p¬- k-eow (tImln-\q¿ Pz-√-dn, th-ß-c), a-dn-bm-ap, kp-lv-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: _o-cm≥ (dn-´. -F.C.-H.-), D-a¿- lm-Pn (Pn-±), \-^o-k, ip-Iv-d-k-_mlv (A-[ym-]-n-I, ]n.-]n.A-½-Zv Sn.-Fw.-ssh.-F-®v.-F-kv._n-cn-b-¡p-«n Im-fn-Im-hv: I-√m-ap-e-bn- tN-cm-]p-cw: ]-≈n-b-sØ F-kv, tN-dq¿). k-tlm-ZaT-Øn¬ A-Ω-Zv (85). `m- c-߃: Ip-™n-Ωp, ap-lse ]-tc-X-\m-b _o-cmΩ-Zv-Ip-´n. s‚ `m-cy tNm-≈-{] _n-cn- cy: B-bn-i. b-°p-´n (85). a-Iƒ: ]-tc- a-°ƒ: A-ko-kv (J-Pm©n ]-≈n-bm-Øv im-Jm Ip-ªn-ap-l-½-Zv X-bm-b ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-aI≥: ]-tc-X-\m-b A-_q- ap-kv-enw bq-Øveo-Kv), P- a-¶-S: I-S-∂-a-Æ ]qt¥m-´-Øn¬ tNm-eao-e, \-^o-k, B-ky, _-°¿. J-_-d-S-°w C∂p cm-hn-se 10\v I-√m-aq- kp-l-d, kp-ss_-Z, lm-P- °¬ Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Ω-Zv lm- (80). e Pp-am-a-kvPn-Zv J-_¿Pn (im-¥n\-K¿), A-_v-Zp- `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: ÿm-\n¬. √ (H-tfm-Sn-Øm-g), F sI lw-k, ssl-Z-c-en, ap-lIp-ªm-an Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, ap-Po-_v, kp_n C-{_m-low (t]-cmtN-cm-]p-cw: th-fw im¥n\-K-dn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b {º), ap-l-Ω-Zv (F-S-h-cm- sse-J, ssk-\-_. a-cp-a°ƒ: ju-°-Ø-en, apSv), A-ko-kv (im-¥n-\Ip-f-ß-c-s∏m-bn¬ a-ΩpK¿), kn-±o-Jv (Cu-Ãv t]- l-Ω-Z-en, kp-ss_-Z, khn-s‚ `m-cy Ip-™m-an ^n-b, k-ao-d, k-ao-\. cm-{º). (86).

F-S-∏mƒ: tdm-Un-se K-´-dn¬ Nm-Sm-Xn-cn-°m≥ sh´n-® Im¿ Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-bn-en-Sn-®v H-cmƒ a-cn-®p. aq-∂pt]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv Ip-‰ym-Sn X-fo-°-cbn-se a-e-b-\I-≠n A_vZp¬ I-cow (53) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv°v 12\v kw-ÿm-\ sslth-bn-se F-S-∏m-fn-\-SpØ \-Sp-h-´w Im-e-Sn-Ø-dbn-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. ]-cn-t°-‰ _mw-•q¿ sa-PÃn-Iv im-¥n-\-K-dn¬ IØo-_v (45), sIm-Sp-h-≈n s]m-∂m-c-Øv \m-k¿ (39), ss{U-h¿ _m-ep-t»-cn aqem-Sv Im-b-°¬ bq-k-^v (41) F-∂n-h-sc B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. dn-b¬ F-tÃ-‰v B-h-iym¿-Yw Xr-iq-cn-te-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p Im-dn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-h¿. sa‰¬ I-b-‰n N-ß-cw-Ip-fw `m-K-Øp-\n-∂v F-S-∏m-fn-te°v h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-bn-em-Wv Im¿ C-Sn®-Xv. Im-dn-s‚ ap≥-ko-‰n-em-bn-cp-∂ A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow •m-kn¬ X-e-b-Sn-®v X¬-£-Ww a-cn-®p. Im¿ sh-´ns∏m-fn-®m-Wv F-√m-h-sc-bpw ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw N-ß-cw-Ip-fw F-kv.-sF. N-{μ-ti-Jc≥ C≥-Iz-Ãv \-S-Øn. s]m-∂m-\n Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ kq-£n-® ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂v t]mÃv-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn \m-´n-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]m-Ipw. `mcy: dp-Jn-b. a-°-fn√. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ap-l-ΩZv, laoZv, A-jv-d^v. I-gn-™-bm-gv-N- C-Xn-\-Sp-Øm-bn Im-dpw Sm-¶¿tem-dn-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. sN-ß∂q¿ kz-tZ-in i-_-cn-\m-Yv (35) B-Wv A-∂v a-cn-®-Xv.

t]m-Ìv Hm-^n-kv Po-h-\-¡m-cn In-W-än a-cn-¨-\n-e-bnÂ

s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: t]m-Ãv Hm-^n-kv Po-h-\-°m-cn-sb ho-Sn-\p ap-∂n-se -In-W-‰n¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn. ]p-fn-b-¶m-hv a-e-tdm-Uv h-S-t°-Xn¬ hn-iz-\m-Ys‚ `m-cy ssj-e-P(40)bm-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. F-c-hn-aw-Kew {_m-©v t]m-kv-‰v Hm-^-n-kn-se C.Un t]m-kv-‰-vankv-{S-km-bn-cp-∂p. s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p- ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw _-‘p-°-ƒ-°p- hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. a-°ƒ: ku-ay, tkm-\p, A-Xp-ey. a-cp-a-I≥: tim-`p.

^-k-ep-Àd-lav m³

am-Wn-Iyw

t]m-¡À

Ip-am-c³

A-_q-_-¡À- lm-Pn

am-X

A-_v-Zp-Ã- lm-Pn

I-Wm-c³

th-ßc - : h-en-tbm-d ap-Xe - am-Sv ssh-Zy-°m-c≥ Im™o-cØ - n-¶¬ ^-ke - p¿d-lvam≥ (34). ap-kvenweo-Kv \n-tbm-PI - a-fie - w ssh-kv{- ]-kn-U‚ v hn sI ]q-®n-bp-sS a-I\ - m-Wv. amXm-hv: ^m-Øn-a. `m-cy: k_o-\. a-°ƒ: k-bm≥, knbm≥, k-√. k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: d-jo-Zv, j-°o-e, Ip™n--ap-lΩ - Z- v, k-_o-\, inlm-_v, bq-\p-kv, k-^v\ - .

h-S-I-c: A-gn-bq¿ {Km-a∏©m-b-Øv ap≥ Aw-K-hpw tNm-ºm-e F¬.]n.kv-Iqƒ dn-´. sl-Uv-an-kv-{S-kp-am-b tNm-ºm¬ Ip-am¿ k-Z-\Øn¬ C am-Wn-Iyw (86). a°ƒ: hn-t\m-Z≥ (ss{Uh¿), kp-tc-jv-_m-_p (slUv-am-kv-‰¿ K-h. Su¨ ssl-kv-Iqƒ, I-Æq¿). a-cpa-°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn-\n, kv-t\-l{]-` (A-[ym-]n-I, Nm-e-°-c K-h. ssl-kv-Iqƒ am-ln).

Ip-\n-ßm-Sv: sN-´ymw ho´n¬ t]m-°¿ (75). `m-cy-: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ-: ap-l-Ω-Zv (J-Ø¿), k-eo-\, k-aod. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv Im-b-Æ, A-Ω-Xv I-S-tacn. ssd-lm-\-Øv. ktlm-Z-c-߃: In-g-°bn¬ I-Zo-i, In-g-°-bn¬ A-Ω-Xv, I-cn-ºm-e≥ I≠n-]m-Øp, ]-tc-X-\m-b In-g-°-bn¬ aq-k.

]-tøm-fn: ]-g-b-Im-e tkm-jy-en-kv-‰v {]-h¿Ø-I-\m-b sIm-fm-hn-∏mew h-en-bm-hn Ip-am-c≥ (82). `m-cy: Iu-kp. a°ƒ: tim-`, Kn-cn-P, {]`m-I-c≥, t{]-a≥, Ko-X. acp-a-°ƒ: ]p-jv-]≥ (dn-´. bp.Un. ¢m¿-°v, sIm-bnem-≠n ap≥-kn-^v tIm-SXn), tKm-]m-e≥, ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jv-W≥. k-©b-\w Rm-b-dm-gv-N

tIm-´-°¬: N-¶p-sh-´n sIm-gq-¿ tX-\m-cn A_q-_-°¿ lm-Pn (65). `m-cy: A-Sm-´n¬ Xn-ØpΩp. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, Da¿, d-jo-Zv, Ip-™n-t∏m°¿, l-w-k, A-kv-°¿ an-kv-_m-ln, k-eow, ssk-\p¬ B-_n-Zv, ^Xn-a kp-lv-d. a-cp-a-I≥: A-–p-¿-d-lv-am≥ c-≠Øm-Wn.

sam-tI-cn: ]-tc-X-\m-b ]Sn-™m-d-bn¬ I-Wm-c-s‚ `m-cy am-X (97). a-°ƒ: Irjv-W≥, Ip-am-c≥, \m-cm-bWn, ]n \m-Wp am-ÿ (Ip∂p-Ω¬ {Km-a-∏-©m-b-Øv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v, kn.]n.Fw Ip-∂p-Ω¬ G-cn-bm IΩn-‰n Aw-Kw), Pm-\p, tZ-hn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: I-Wm-c≥, am-Xp, tKm-]m-e≥, I-eymWn, ]-tc-X-cm-b I-Æ≥, s]m-°n-W≥, am-X.

hm-Wn-ta¬: I-cp-Ip-fsØ h-S-s° I-≈n-bn¬ A-–p-√ lm-Pn (71). `mcy: am-an. a-°ƒ: d-jo-Zv, dm-jn-Jv, d-^o-Jv, d-Du^v, Ip-™m-an, im-ln-\, im-\n-_, i-_o-_. a-cp-a°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn ao-\ßm-Sn, Ip-™-_v-Zp-√ hm-Wn-ta¬, A-ko-kv (I-√p-Ω¬), Ip-™-_v-Zp√ F-S-t®-cn, \-ko-a, ilo-\, A-kva. k-tlm-Zc-߃: kq-∏n, ]-{I≥, _n-®m-Øp, ]-tc-X-cm-b sam-bv-Xp, A-Ω-Zv.

hm-Wn-ta¬: tN-e-ap-°v sX-s° h-S-t°y-S-Øv IWm-c≥ (88). `m-cy: am-X. a-°ƒ: I-Æ≥ (I-®-hSw), eo-e, Nm-Øp (I-®h-Sw), B-≠n (A-[ym-]I≥ {io t{Zm-Wm-Nm-cy tIm-f-Pv, I-√m-®n, kn.]n.Fw hm-Wn-ta¬ tem-°¬ I-Ωn-‰n- AwKw), _m-e-N-{μ≥ (knhn¬ t]m-en-kv Hm-^nk¿, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv dqd¬), A-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sI Sn ]-Xv-a-\m-`≥ (amt\-P¿ i-‡n a-lo-{μ Nn´n I-º-\n), I-a-e, ssje-P, Po-P, Zn¬-\, ]-tcXm-\m-b Ip-™n-°Æ≥, k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tI-f-∏≥, ]-tc-X-cm-b IÆ≥, H-W-°≥, Nm-Øp.

K-tW-i³

Zn-eo-]v

K-tW-j³

D-kv-am³tIm-b

Ip-am-c³

\m-cm-b-Wn

^-tdm-°v: ]p-t‰-°m-Sv Im-s´m-Sn-bn¬ Zn-eo-]v (38). ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\mb cm-L-h≥. am-Xm-hv: ]tc-X-bm-b N-{μn-I. `m-cy: {io-hn-P. a-°ƒ: A-\-kv Ku-Xw, A-`n-\-hv Ku-Xw. k-tlm-Z-cn: Zo-].

^-tdm-°v: ]p-s‰-°m-Sv am´p-]p-d-Øv I-d-∏-s‚ a-I≥ K-tW-j≥ (55). `m-cy: KoX. amXmhv: ]-tc-X-bm-b k-tcm-Pn-\n. a-°ƒ: Pn-tXjv, Pn-\o-jv, Pn-jn. a-cp-aI≥: k-\¬-Ip-am¿. kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v

^-tdm-°v: I-cp-h≥Xn-cpØn aT-Øn¬-∏m-Sw sh-ºc-Øv D-kvam≥ tIm-b (69). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: Peo¬, P-lv-kn-d, P-ko-e. acp-a-°ƒ: l-Jow, ap-Po-_v. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p aTØn¬-∏m-Sw akvPnZn¬.

A-Sp-°-Øv: sF-cm-Wns∏m-bn¬ Ip-am-c≥ (55). `m-cy: Pm-\p. a-°ƒ: A\n-e, A-\n¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-_p (a-kv°-Øv, \nj (sI.Fw.kn tlm-kv]n-‰¬, Ip-‰ym-Sn). k-©b-\w Rm-bdmgvN.

Ip-‰ym-Sn: h-S-bw Iq-cmtd-Ω¬ \m-cm-b-Wn (80). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b hm-g-bn¬ Ip-™n-cm-a≥ ]m-te-cn. a-°ƒ: e-£v-an hn-P-b≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b N¥p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-P-b≥, k-tcm-Pn-\n.

^-tdm-°v: ]p-s‰-°m-Sv am´p-]p-c-Øv I-d-∏-s‚ aI≥ K-tW-i≥ (55). `mcy: Ko-X. amXmhv: ]-tcX-bm-b k-tcm-Pn-\n. a°ƒ: Pn-tX-jv, Pn-\o-jv, Pn-jn. a-cp-a-I≥: k-\¬ A-½m-fp ap-°w: Np-≈n-tbm-´n¬ ]- Ip-am¿ (]p-en-]-d-ºv). tc-X-\m-b C-ºn-®p-Æn-bp-sS kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn`m-cy A-Ωm-fp (82). a-°ƒ: se H-º-Xn-\v tKm-Xo-iz]p-jv-]m-I-c≥, jm-Pn, jo- cw ivv-a-im-\-Øn¬. em-tZ-hn, cm-Pn, ]-tc-X-\m-b in-h-Zm-k³ c-ho-{μ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: in-h- sN-dp-]p-g: hm-Wn-bw-IpZm-k≥, _m-e≥, {]-`m-h-Xn, ∂n-se h-S-t°-ap-dn-bn¬ cm-[m-a-Wn, I-e. in-h-Zm-k≥ (55).

sam-bv-Xo³ tN-cm-]p-cw: th-fw In-Wdp-≈I-≠nap-°n-se a-e∏-d-ºn¬ sam-bv-Xo≥ (95). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a°ƒ: lw-k, ap-l-Ω-Zen, Ip-™m-an, P-ao-e. acp-a-°ƒ: l-ao-Zv (Du-cØv), km-d (\n-´q¿), ^ukn-b (Xn-cp-h-≈q¿).

Ip-ªn-tam³-

B-an-\

sN-dn-b-¸³

^m-¯n-a-

_o-cm³

tPmÀ-Pv -

_o-cm³

sam-bv-Xo³

F-S-∏mƒ: tIm-e-f-ºv ssh-Zy¿-aq-e I-S-hn-e hf-∏n¬ Ip-™n-tam≥ (70). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: l-^v-k, km-ln¿, lko-\. -a-cp-a-°ƒ: kpsse-am≥ (dm-k¬-ssJa), l-_o-_v d-lv-am≥ (Ip-ssh-Øv), j-do-\, a≥-kq-d.

F-f-bq¿: a-Æpw-]p-fnbn¬ ]n kn cm-bn-s‚ `mcy No-X-\-]p-d-h≥ B-an\ (60). a-°ƒ: A-–p¬I-_o¿, A-–p-∂m-k¿, in-lm-_v, ssl-Z-d-en, k-°o-\, \-ko-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: ju-°-Ø-en, kao¿, l-^v-k-Øv, D-ssa_, ko-\-Øp-∂n-k, Xkvv-\.

ap-≠-°p-fw: a-Æm-c-bv°¬ sN-dn-b-∏≥ (76). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b btim-Z. a-°ƒ: A-Pn-X, A\n¬, _n-μp, A-Po-jv, A-\o-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-tim-I≥, kp-tc-jv_m-_p, \n-j, c-ay, A\p-j.

F-S-°-c: Np-¶-Ø-d Nfn-°p-f-sØ ]-tc-X-\mb H sI A-_v-Zp-√-bp-sS `m-cy ]p-Xn-b-Øv ^mØn-a (66). a-°ƒ: d-lnbm-\-Øv, A-_v-Zp¬ _jo¿, A-_v-Zp¬ K-^q¿, A-_v-Zp¬ d-jo-Zv, lwk, \-ko-d, km-ln-d k¬-a-Øv.

]m-e-®n-d-am-Sv: sN-\-∏pdw ]-tc-X-\m-b tX-e-∏pd-Øv ssk-Xm-en-bp-sS aI≥ _o-cm≥. `m-cy: ]mØp-Ω. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-´n, P-ao-e, K-^q¿, Assk-\m¿, ap-\o¿, lm-cnkv, Pm-_n¿, Pw-jo¿. acp-a-°ƒ: lw-k-t°m-b, d-jo-Z, k-eo-\, dm-jn-Z, Pp-ssh-cn-ø.

s]m-∂m-\n: ]-´m-ºn Rmßm-´n-cn am-´m-b Ip-∂pw]p-d-Øv sI Fw tPm¿-Pv (79). `m-cy: sk-eo-\m tPm¿-Pv. a-°ƒ: tdm-bv sI tPm¿-÷v, Hm-a-\ (A-[ym-]n-I, B-\-∏-Sn F¬.-]n.-kv-Iqƒ s]m∂m-\n), t_-_n, Xm-c. acp-a-°ƒ: tPm-Wn, _m_p, sk-Pn, eo-\.

\-cn-°p-\n: ]-d-t»-cnap-°v tX-h¿ I-≠-Øn¬ _ocm≥ (105). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: ]°¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, D-ssk≥, ssk-\-_, P-ao-e, ^m-Xzna, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-bn-i. acp-a-°ƒ: lw-k, A-_v-Zp√, \m-k¿, B-ky, kpsse-J, ^m-Xzn-a, ]-tc-X\m-b A-_v-Zp-¿-d-lvam≥.

aq-∂n-bq¿: I-fn-bm-´-ap°v F-S-t»-cn ]-tc-X\mb Ip-™me-s‚ a-I≥ sam-bv-Xo≥ (75). a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv,ssk-X-ehn, A-–p√-Øo-^v, P-ao-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: ssk\-_, \q¿-P-lm≥,k-lo-d, apl-Ω-Zv-Ip´n. J-_-dS-°w 10\v I-fn-bm-´-ap-°v I-ShØv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

am-X

eo-e

ko-X

A-e-hn -

ssk-X-e-hn- lm-Pn -

A-^v-k-¯v

Ip-‰ym-Sn: \-Sp-s∏m-bn-en-se ]m-e-bp-≈ ]-d-º-Øv Ip-gn®m-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b I-Wmc-s‚ `m-cy am-X (92). a-°ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, hn-t\m-Z≥, im-cZ, Pm-\p, b-tim-Z. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: tZ-hn, eo-e, s]m-°≥, tkma≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-Nyp-X≥.

Xm-a-c-t»-cn: X-®w-s]mbn¬ s\-tcm-ºm-d F≥ ]n th-em-bp-[-s‚ `m-cy eo-e (60). a-°ƒ: hn-t\m-Zv, {]km-Zv, a-Wn, {]-ko-X, ]-tcX-\m-b D-Z-b≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n-j, kp-K-W, an-\n, c-Lp. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p 10\v.

Xm-\m-fq¿: ao-\-SØq¿ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]cn-tb-cn ]-d-ºn¬ sXøp-´n-bp-sS `m-cy ko-X (75). a-°ƒ: Ip-´n-Irjv-W≥, Aw-_n-I. acp-a-°ƒ: im-¥, kp[m-I-c≥.

I-gn-™Zn-h-kw sIm-bn- Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xo³ em-≠n sIm-√-Øv \n-cym- a-t©-cn: ho-ºq¿ ap-´n∏-Sn ]-¥-∏n-em-°¬ IpX-bm-b \-Sp-hn-se-°™n-sam-bv-Xo≥ (62). ≠n F≥ sI eo-e(80) `m-cy: ]m-Øp-Ω. a°ƒ: bq-kp-^-en D-aÀ X-f-¶-c: ]-Sn-™m¿ A≥- (jm¿-P), P-ao-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p-√ (kukm-cn a≥-kn-en-se ]n Zn), d-kn-b. sI D-a¿ (70).

tNm-°m-Sv: tI-f-p-\mb¿-]-Sn tN-\-∏m-Sn-bnse B-\-∏-´-Øv A-ehn (50). `m-cy: dw-e-Øv. a-°ƒ: A≥-h¿, ap\o¿, d-Po-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp¬-^n-Z, jw-kp.

h-fm-t©-cn: ss]-¶Æ - q-cn-se th-tf-cn ssk-Xe - h - n (Ip™n-∏- lm-Pn˛72). `m-cy: kpsse-J. a-°ƒ: dp-Jn-b, dw-e, k-^n-b, sse-e, _-jo¿, Ajvd - ^ - v. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-–p- apkveym¿, A-_p, A-en, A-–p¿d-lvam≥, P-ko-e, ^-ko-_v.

]-S-∂: ]-tc-X-\m-b F¬ sI kn ap-l-Ω-ZvIp™n au-e-hn-bp-sS `m-cy ]-S-∂ sX-t°-∏p-dw Sn sI A-^v-k-Øv (72). a°ƒ: d-lva-Øv, D-kv-am≥ lm-Pn, ssd-lm-\-Øv, dwe-Øv, Iu-k¿-A-en.

Im-Wm-Xm-b bp-hm-hn-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw In-W-änÂ

tN-fm-cn: s]-cp-h-≈q¿ h-c-∏m-d-bn-se Izm¿-t´-gvkn¬ Xm-a-k-n-°p-∂ Im-k¿-tIm-Uv a-t©-iz-cw kztZ-in sh-¶n-´-c-a¨ B-Nm-cn-bp-sS a-I≥ tI-i-hn-s\ (30) In-W-‰n¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-. h-c-∏m-dbn-se Izm¿-t´-gv-kn¬ \n-∂p _p-[-\m-g-vN cm-{Xn-apX¬ tI-i-hn-s\ Im-Wm-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. Izm¿-t´-gv-kn\p k-ao-]-sØ 15 tIm¬ Xm-gv-N-bp-≈ In-W-‰n-emWv ar-X-tZ-lw I-≠X -- v. kp-lr-Øv Zn-t\-jv tI-i-hns\ Im-Wm-Xm-sb-∂v tX-™n-∏-ew t]m-en-kn¬ ]cm-Xn \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v B-d-c-tbm-sS ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Øv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pnte-°v am-‰n. sh¬-Un-Mv tPm-en-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p.

\-a-kv-Im-c-¯n-\n-sS Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp- a-cn-¨p

Im-fn-Im-hv: A-k¿ \-a-kvIm-c-Øn-\n-sS Ip-g-™p-hoWp- a-cn-®p. \-cn-a-S-°¬ atΩm-´n (72) B-W-v a-cn-®-Xv. `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: Ip™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv, C-{_m-low, A-ssk-\m¿, P-ao-e, k-d^p-∂o-k, kp-l-dm-_n, kpsse-J, a-dn-bp-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-^v-k-Øv, ap-\o-d, dPvv-ap-∂o-k, ap-l-Ω-Z-en, d-jo-Zv, sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n, aPo-Zv, A-_p. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v ]-≈nt»-cn Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

hr-²- In-W-än a-cn-¨-\n-e-bnÂ

Xn-cq¿: hr-≤-sb ho-´p-h-f-∏n-se In-W-‰n¬ a-cn-®-\ne-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. sX-°≥ Ip-‰q¿ ]-tc-X-\m-b Im™n-c-∏-d-ºn¬ A-ko-kn-s‚ `m-cy B-ky(70)-bmWv a-cn-®X -- v. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-e-c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. hym-gm-gv-N ssh-Ip-t∂cw ap-X¬ C-h-sc Im-Wm-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. Xn-cq-cn¬-\n∂v A-·n-i-a-\-tk-\-sb-Øn ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø ar-X-tZlw Xn-cq¿ Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-cn-°pI-bm-Wv. t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw _-‘p-°ƒ°p hn-´p-sIm-Sp-°pw. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, I-_o¿, kp-sse-am≥, P-eo¬, kp-l-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-^n-b, dkn-b, P-ao-e, l-_o-_.

AÂ-sF-\n \n-cym-X-\m-bn

A¬-sF≥: Xn-cq¿ sN-dn-bap-≠w aq-k-lm-Pn-∏-Sn-bn-se sIm-dn-tb-S-Øv aq-k -lm-Pnbp-sS a-I≥ Ip-™n-sam-bvXp lm-Pn (55) A¬-sF\n¬ \n-cym-X-\m-bn. A-an-Xc-‡-k-Ω¿-±-sØ Xp-S¿-∂mWv a-c-W-w. A¬-sF-\n-se aJm-an¬ km-_n-d t{Km-k-dn F-∂ ÿm-]-\w \-S-Øn-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-t±-lw. `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: \w-jo¿ (A¬-sF≥), \u^¬, \-lm-kv ap-kv-X-^. Pn-Ωn B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ kq£n-®n-cn-°p-∂ ar-X-tZ-lw \m-´n-se-Øn-°p-sa-∂v _-‘p-°ƒ A-dn-bn-®p.

F-en-¸-\n _m-[n-¨p a-cn-¨p

ap-Jy-a-{´n-¡v \n-th-Z-\w \Â-In ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: _mw-•q¿ kv-t^mS-\-t°-kn¬ P-bn-en¬ I-gn-bp∂ A-–p-∂m-kn¿ a-Av-Z-\n-bpsS Pm-ay-Øn-s‚ Im-cy-Øn¬ tIm¨-{K-kv ssl-°-am‚n-s\ C-S-s]-Sp-hn-°m≥ A-Sn-b-¥-cam-bn {i-an-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏-´v tI-c-f ap-kv-enw P-am-AØv Iu¨-kn¬ kw-ÿm-\ IΩn-‰n ap-Jy-a-{¥n-°v \n-th-Z-\w \¬-I-n. a-Av-Z-\n-bp-sS Pm-aym-t]-£bn¬ I-gn-™ _n.sP.]n. k¿°m¿-t]m-epw kzo-I-cn-°m-Ø I¿-°-i-\n-e-]m-SmWv tIm¨{K-kv k¿-°m-¿ kzoI-cn-®-Xv. Ip-‰-]-{X-Øn¬ C-√m-Ø Btcm-]-W-am-Wv tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ D∂-bn-°-s∏-´-sX-∂pw \n-th-Z-\Øn¬ Nq-≠n-°m-´p-∂p.

Sn-¸À-tem-dn-¡-Sn-bnÂ-s¸-«v ss_-¡v bm-{X-n-I³ a-cn-¨psXm-Sp-]p-g: ap-X-e-t°m-Sw Ip∂w P-Mv-j-\n¬ Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-°Sn-bn¬-s∏-´v ss_-°v bm-{XnI≥ a-cn-®p. D-Sp-º-∂q¿ A-a-b{] ]p-√q-∏p-≈n¬ tKm-]n-\mY≥ (49) B-Wv C-∂-se D-®-bv°v c-t≠m-sS-bp-≠m-b A-]-I-SØn-¬ a-cn-®-Xv. D-Sp-º-∂q-cn-se l-tem F-≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv h¿-Ivkv ÿm-]-\ D-S-a-bm-Wv. Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-sb a-dn-I-S-°p∂-Xn-\n-sS F-Xn-tch-∂ Im-dnSn-®v sX-dn-®p-ho-W tKm-]n-\m-Ys‚ tZ-l-Øv tem-dn I-b-dn-bn-dßn X¬-£-Ww a-c-Ww kw-`hn-®p. sXm-Sp-]p-g-bn-se h¿-°vtjm-∏n¬ \n-∂p ss_-°n¬ DSp-º-∂q-cn-te-°v t]m-Ip-tºmgm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. sXm-Sp-]pg Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬

t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw arX-tZlw _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. -kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. ]tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h≥ \m-b-cmWv ]n-Xm-hv. am-Xm-hv: `m¿-K-hnb-Ω-. `m-cy: tim-`-\-. a-°ƒ: tPym-Xn, A-iz-Xn.

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: F-S-°m-Sv \n-tcm-Øv I-≠n Zo-] (44) F-en-∏-\n _m-[n-®p a-cn-®p. H-cm-gv-N-bm-bn sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. l-cn-Zmkv-˛-i-Ip-¥-f Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-fm-Wv.

hn-jw A-I-¯p-sN-¶v a-cn-¨p

_-Zn-b-Sp-°: d-_¿ \-gv-k-dn D-S-a-sb hn-jw A-IØp-sN-∂v a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬- I-s≠-Øn. Im-S-a-\ B\-μ hn-em-k-Øn-se cm-Pp(46)hm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.

\nc-h[n tam-j-W-t¡-k-p-I-fnse {]-Xn- ]nSn-bn Ip-∂w-Ip-fw: C-cp-\q-dn-te-sd tam-j-W-t°-k-p-I-fn¬ {]-Xnbm-b bp-hm-hn-s\ Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xp. ae-∏p-dw tX-™n-∏-ew kz-tZ-in ]m-e-°m-´v ho-´n¬ ssk-\p-±os\-(32)bm-Wv kn.sF _m-_p sI tXm-a-kn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep-≈ t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bvX-Xv. 2011 B-K-kv-Xn-¬ s]-cp-ºnem-hv A-Xp-ey-bn¬ D-Æn-bp-sS ho-´n¬ \n-∂v \m¬-∏-Ø-©-c ]h≥ kz¿-Wm-`-c-W-ß-fpw c-≠v dn-Ãv hm-®p-I-fpw C-e-t{Œm-Wn-Ivkv D-]-I-c-W-ß-fpw I-√pw-]p-dw sX-°-Øv ho-´n¬ Ip-™n-∏-bpsS ho-´n-¬ \n-∂v H-∂-c-e-£w cq]-bp-sS Xp-Wn-Ø-c-ß-fpw ]mtd-ºm-S-Øv ap≥ \-K-c-k-`m sNb¿-am≥ sI ]n tU-ho-kn-s‚

ho-´n¬ \n-∂v sN-bn≥, tam-Xn-cw, I-Ω¬ F-∂n-h-bpw tam-„n-® tI-kp-I-fnem-Wv C-bmƒ AdÃn-em-bXv. Kƒ-^n¬ ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂ ssk-\p-±o≥ A-h-[n-°v \m-´n-¬ h-cp-∂p-sh-∂ c-l-ky-hn-h-csØ Xp-S¿-∂v apw-ss_ C‚¿\m-j-\¬ F-b¿-t]m-¿-´n¬ \n-

∂m-Wv C-bm-sf I-kv-‰-U-n-bn-seSp-Ø-Xv. Ip-∂w-Ip-fw ta-J-ebn¬ \-S-Øn-b tam-j-W-Øn-\p ti-jw hn-tZ-i-tØ-°p ap-ßn-b C-bmƒ-°m-bn t]m-en-kv ep°u-´v t\m-´n-kv ]p-d-s∏-Sp-hn-®ncp-∂p. 150te-sd tI-kp-I-fn¬ hn-hn[ t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j≥ ]-cn-[nbn¬ C-bm-fp-sS A-d-Ãv tc-J-s∏Sp-Øn-bn-´p-s≠-¶n-epw 50Hm-fw tI-kp-I-fn¬ ]n-Sn-°n-´m-∏p-≈nbm-Wv. ssl-th-I-fn-se B-fn√m-Ø ho-Sp-Iƒ I-s≠-Øn kwLmw-K-ß-fp-am-bn ÿ-e-sØØn hm-Xn¬ Ip-Øn-s∏m-fn-®v tam-j-Ww \-S-Øp-∂-Xm-Wv Cbm-fp-sS co-Xn. 25te-sd t]m-enkv kv-t‰-j-\p-I-fn¬ C-bm-fp-sS t]-cn¬ tam-j-W-t°-kp-I-fp≠v. tam-j-W ap-X¬ hn-‰p-In-´p-

∂ ]-Ww sIm-≠v sN-ss∂, apwss_, _mw-•q¿ F-∂o sa-t{Sm \-K-c-ß-fn¬ B¿-`m-S-Po-hn-Xw \-bn-®v hn-tZ-i-tØ-°p ap-ßp-Ibm-Wv C-bmƒ sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. Iq-´p-{]-Xn-I-fm-b ap-kv-Xm-Jv, j^o-Jv F-∂n-h-sc-bpw tam-j-Wap-X¬ hn¬-∏-\ \-S-Øm≥ klm-bn-®-Xn-\v ssk-\p-±o-s‚ amXm-hn-s\-bpw k-tlm-Z-cn-sbbpw Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]m-en-kv t\sØ A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. 2011¬ kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cnbn¬ \n-∂v 110 ]-h-s‚ kz¿-Wm`-c-W-ß-fpw X-e-t»-cn-bn¬ \n∂v 56 ]-h-s‚ B-`-c-W-ß-fpw Ih¿-∂-Xv ssk-\p-±o-s‚ t\-XrXz-Øn-ep-≈ kw-L-am-bn-cp-∂p. 15 Zn-h-k-sØ eo-hn¬ \m-´n¬ h∂-t∏m-gm-Wv t]m-en-kv ssk-\p±o-s\ A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv.

C-S-Xp-t\-Xm-¡Ä k-ao-]n-s¨-¶v am-Wn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: tkm-fm¿ X´n-∏n-s‚ ]-›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ Xs‚ Xm¬-∏-cy-a-dn-bm≥ C-S-Xpt\-Xm-°ƒ k-ao-]n-s®-∂v a{¥n sI Fw am-Wn. ap-Jy-a-{¥n]-Z-sØ-°p-dn-®pw t\-Xm-°ƒ kq-Nn-∏n-®-Xm-bn kz-Im-cy-Nm-\en-\v \¬-In-b A-`n-ap-J-Øn¬ am-Wn ]-d-™p. C-S-Xp-ap-∂-Wnbn-te-°p h-cp-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®pw A-\u-]-Nm-cn-I N¿-®-Iƒ \-S-∂p. tPm-kv sI am-Wn-sb tI-{μ-a-{¥n-bm-°m-Ø-Xv i-cnbm-bn-√. tkm-Wn-bm-Km-‘n-tbm-Spw {]-[m-\-a-{¥n-tbm-Spw t\-cn-´v C°m-cyw B-h-iy-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. tI{μ-a-{¥n-ÿm-\w tI-c-fm tIm¨-{K- n-\v A-h-Im-i-s∏-´Xm-sW-∂pw am-Wn ]-d-™p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

KOZHIKODE

27 Pqsse 2013 i\n

Sn-¸À-tem-dn- Imdnen-Sn-¨v HcmÄ a-cn-¨p A-^v-k-¯v

t{X-kym-a

Kw-Km-[-c³

in-h-Zm-k³

B-bn-Êp l-Öp-½

B-an-\

c-Lp-\-µ-\³

]-S-∂: ]-tc-X-\m-b F¬ sI kn ap-l-ΩZvIp-™n au-e-hn-bpsS `m-cy ]-S-∂ sXt°-∏p-dw Sn sI A-^vk-Øv (72). a-°ƒ: d-lva-Øv, D-kvam≥ lm-Pn, ssd-lm\-Øv, dw-e-Øv, Iuk¿-A-en. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I-cow lm-Pn, d-kn-b, ap-l-Ω-Zv, ^m-Øn-a, ]tc-X-\m-b a-Po-Zv.

sN-dp-]p-g: ]m-tdm-Øpw\o-cn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b tate-S-Øv a-Øm-bn-bp-sS `m-cy t{X-kyma (81) .a°ƒ: tam-fn, tPm-k-^v (U¬-ln), en-k-Ω, knÿ tc-Wp (e-Iv-\u), h¿-Ko-kv (A-b¿-em‚ v), _n-\p (hym-]m-cn a-™°m-Sv), _o-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: tPm-kv, km-en Ipcy≥, tPm-kv, Pn-Pn, eqbn-kv, am-Xyp. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v sN-dp-]p-g sk‚ v-ta-cokv s^-tdm-\ sk-antØ-cn-bn¬.

cm-P-]p-cw: t_-fq¿ in-ht£-{X Hm-^n-kv sk-{I-´dn-bm-bn-cp-∂ A-t´-ßm\w t_-fq-cn-se Kw-Km-[c≥ Kp-cp-kzm-an (77). `mcy: k-tcm-Pn-\n. a-°ƒ: kp-io-e, {io-[c≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Zm-tam-Zc≥, t_-_n. k-tlm-Z-cn: X-ºm-bn.

sN-dp-]p-g: hm-Wn-bwIp-∂n-se h-S-t°-ap-dnbn¬ in-h-Zm-k≥ (55) .`m-cy: kp-io-e. a-°ƒ; {io-tP-jv, {io-P, cmlp¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Zn-hmI-c≥, a-Rv-Pp.

]-S-∂: ssI-X-°m-Sv ]≈n-°p k-ao-]-sØ ]tc-X-\m-b A-–p¿d-lvam-s‚ `m-cy ssX-e-°≠n ]p-Xn-b]p-c-bn¬ B-bn- p l-÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Z-en, A-–p¬ k-Øm¿, kmdp, _o-^m-Øn-a, kp-ld, A-^v-k-Øv, kp-sseJ, ]-tc-X-bm-b a-dn-bw. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-kyp-Ω, Iu-e-Øv, C-{_m-low lm-Pn, P-am¬ lm-Pn, A-ko-kv, sam-bv-Xp lmPn, sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n lmPn, ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-ΩZ-en.

]m-e-°m-Sv: \q-d-Wn Icnw\-K-dn-se an-kn-cn-bm a-≥-kn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™p-∏-bp-sS `m-cy B-an-\ (90). a-°ƒ: Ip™n-eo-a, ap-lv-kn-\, Im-Pm-lp-ssk≥, _ohn-Pm≥, Nn-∂-∏. J-_-dS-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se HºXn-\v I-≈n-°m-Sv akv-Pn-Zv J_¿ÿm-\n¬.

I¬-∏-‰: F-an-en Im¿Øn-I-bn¬ c-Lp-\-μ\≥ (58). tIm-^n-t_m¿-Un-se ap≥ D-tZym-Kÿ-\pw td-j≥ samØ-hym-]m-cn-bp-am-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: D-j. a-°ƒ: Pn-j, Pn-Xn≥. a-cp-aI≥ {io-Pn-Øv (tIm-gnt°m-Sv N-°m-e-°¬ l-b¿ sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iqƒ A-[-ym-]-I-≥).

Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

Ip-‰ym-Sn: Du-c-sØ hm-gbn¬ ao-ج I-Æ≥ (65). `m-cy: eo-e. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b {]-tam-Zv, {]ao-f, {]-`o-jv.

kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØcn: Ip-e-¶m-hv I-ÆmS≥ Ip-cym-t°m-kv kp-ss_-Z l-Öp-½ ]m-∏n-\n-t»-cn: Np-¶-Øn- (88). `m-cy: tim-im-Ω. a-°ƒ: tPm¿-Pv, A-∂\v k-ao-]w Ãm¿ lukn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Sn sI °p-´n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn hn t_-_n, em-en. D-a¿- lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy kp-ss_-Z l-÷p-Ω (78). ]-ß-\m-`³ \-¼ymÀ a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv dm-^n (J-Ø¿), A-_v-Zp¬ d-io- ao-\-ßm-Sn: P-b-]p-cwZv, ap-l-Ω-Zv A-\-kv, ap-l- ho-´n¬ dn-´. {]-[m-\mΩ-Zv a≥-kq¿ (aq-h-cpw Zp- [ym-]-I≥ sI sI ]_bv), P-ao-em _n-hn, Xm- fl-\m-`≥ \-ºym¿ ln-dm _o-hn, jm-ln-\m- (87). _o-hn, ]-tc-X-\m-b lm- `m-cy: cm-P-e-£v-an-bΩ. a-°ƒ: P-b-{]-Imjnw. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]n sI A-_v-Zp¬ -k-emw, Sn sI iv, ]-fl-P, P-b-{]-`, Pnap-kv-X-^ (Zp-_-bv), A- X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-\n-X l-Ω-Zv \n-km¿ (F._n.- hn-P-b≥ (]-≈q¿), thkn C-e-Iv-t{Sm-Wn-Iv-kv, Wp-tKm-]m-e≥ (I-°I-Æq¿), c-lv-\, k-^o-d, ´n¬), kp-tc-jv_m-_p (]q-s\). dm-^n-b, k-^v-do-\.

tPmÀ-Pv

I-cp-Wm-I-c³

X¦¨³

C-cn-´n: A-d-_n-bn-se ]Sn-™m-sd ap-dn-bn¬ tPm¿-Pv (74). `m-cy: A∂-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: k-Æn, h¬-k, tSm-an, s_-∂n, ta-gv-kn, Pm≥-kn. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, sd-Pn, tXm-a-kv, _n-\p, an-\n, Pn≥-kn. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-h-n-se 10\v A-d_n sk-‚ v-tPm-k-^v-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬.

C-cn-´n: sh-fn-am-\-sØ D-≈m-S-∏-≈n-bn¬ I-cpW-m-I-c≥ (74). `m-cy: e£v-an. a-°ƒ: kp-[m-Ic≥, kp-P≥, {io-i≥, Zo-], kp-\n¬, A-\n¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-fn-X, kn‘p, A-iz-Xn, k-Poh≥, {]n-b, dn-j. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

Nn‰q¿: h-S-I-c∏-Xn tImgn∏m-d \m-ep-sk‚ v tIm-f-\n-bn-se kn sF X-¶-®≥ (49). `m-cy: amcn. a-Iƒ: a\oj.

d-lv-am³- lm-Pn sN¿-°-f: hm-®v dn-]b¿ I-S D-S-a ssX-h-f∏n-se kn F d-lvam≥lm-Pn (70). `m-cy: _o^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: l-\o-^, _mkn¿ (Ip-ssh-Øv), _Z-dp-∂n-k, dm-^n (JØ¿), i-m-^n, an-kv-cnb, ssJ-dp-∂n-k, eØo-^v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-k¿ (A¬-sF≥), A-j-d^v, Pn-bm-kv, _¬-°okv, ku-Z, an-kv-cn-b, kp-a-ø.

]mÀ-Yn-]³ Nn-‰q¿: X-Ø-aw-K-ew \oen-°m-Sv ]-tc-X-\m-b Acpƒ-tPym-Xn-bp-sS a-I≥ ]m¿-Yn-]≥ (26). am-Xmhv: ]m¿-h-Xn.

I-®³

sam-bv-Xo³ AÀ-am³-

a-{´n a-ª-fmw-Ip-gn A-en-bp-sS am-Xm-hv Ip-ªm-bn-i l-Öp-½

cm-a-\m-´p-I-c: tIm-f-Pv tdm-Un¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Nm-cp-]-Sn-°¬ Ip-´q-kbp-sS `m-cy F-S-t°m-´v ^m-Xzn-a l-÷p-Ω (94). a-°ƒ: aq-k-t°m-b (dn-´. sh-ln-°nƒ kq-∏¿-sshk¿, sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn.), ssk-Xe-hn (F-Iv-kv. k¿-hokv), A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿ (Aam-\n sa-Un-°¬-kv, cm-a\m-´p-I-c), C-{_m-low, ap-l-Ω-Zv Im-knw, A–p¬ d-km-Jv (k-_v F≥-Pn-\o-b¿, sI.Fkv.C._n. I-Wn-bmw-]-‰), J-Zo-P, ]-tc-X-\m-b _ocm≥-tIm-b.

C-¼n-¨m-bn-i Xm-a-c-t»-cn: X-®w-s]mbn¬ s\-tcm-ºm-d-Ω¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-b-Ω-Xns‚ a-Iƒ C-ºn-®m-bni (67). am-Xm-hv-: J-Zo-P. `¿Øm-hv-: sam-bv-Xo-≥ (ASn-hm-cw). a-°ƒ-: _jo¿ (Ip-ssh-Øv), dpJn-b (Np-¶w), kp-sseJ (A-Sn-hm-cw). a-cp-a°ƒ-: C-kv-amCu¬, ssl-Z¿, kp-sse-J.-ktlm-Z-c-߃-: D-kv-am≥, A-_q-_-°¿, A-–p-¿d-lv-am≥, ^m-Xzn-a, Ban-\.

cm-a-]p-cw: -a-{¥n a-™fmw-Ip-gn A-en-bp-sS amXm-hv ]-\-ßm-ß-c a™-fmw-Ip-g-n ]-tc-X-\mb ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ am-\phn-s‚ `m-cy- Im-®n-\n°m-Sv s]-cn-©o-cn Ip™m-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (95). a-‰p-a-°ƒ: A-e-hnlm-Pn, A-l-Ω-Zv- lm-Pn, sam-bv-Xn, ssl-Z¿, A–p-√, A-_q-_-°¿ kn±o-Jv (F-√m-h-cpw kuZn), _o-hn, J-Zo-P, ]-tcX-\m-b D-Æn-b-h-d lmPn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: am-{ºsØm-Sn kq-∏n- lm-Pn ]\-ßm-ß-c, Im-cm-´n¬ A-en A-cn-{], d-kn-b, ^m-Øn-a-°p-´n, a-dn-bpΩ, ssa-aq-\, ssa-aq-\, kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-i, _o-\, a-dn-bp-Ω. ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-e-hnlm-Pn, tIm-bm-∏, ^mØn-a, C-Øo-a, ssk-\_, km-dm-D-Ω, J-Zo-P, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-´n-lk≥ lm-Pn.

D-aÀ

a-½-Zvtam³ lm-Pn

B-e-ʳ-Ip-«n- lm-Pn-

an-\n-bm-S³ Ir-jv-W³

X-f-¶-c: ]-Sn-™m¿ A≥-km-cn a≥-kn-en-se ]n sI D-a¿ (70). `m-cy: ssZ-\-_n. a-°ƒ: l-\o^, d-jn-Zv (C-cp-h-cpw Zp_-bv), A≥-km¿, kpl-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-ao-d, ^u-kn-b, \-^o¬, ju-°-Ø-en. k-tlm-Zc-߃: lp-ssk≥, A–p¿-d-lvam≥. -

Ip-gn-∏p-dw: I-dp-aÆ - n¬ B-e  - ≥ - I - p-´n- lm-Pn (76). dn-´. s\-bvth-en en-Kvss\‰v tIm¿-]t- d-j≥ C≥-kv{S-Œd - m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: Ip™n-∏m-Øp-´n. a-°ƒ: ico-^v, A-–p¬ A-ko-kv (Zp-_b - v). a-cp-a° - ƒ: ssJdp-∂o-k, km-_n-d.

h-S-I-c: Im¿-Øn-I-∏-≈n sXm-≠-º-Øv ao-ج sam-bv-Xp ap-kv-eym¿ (85). `m-cy: A-bn-ip. a-°ƒ: A-Ω-Zv, A-_v-Zp¬ a-Po-Zv, ap-Ø-en-_v, \-^o-k.

Xn-cp-h-ºm-Sn: ]p-∂-°¬ tIm-´-Ω¬ ]p-fn-b-t°m-Sv a-Ω-Zvtam≥ lm-Pn (76). `m-cy: a-dn-bw. a-°ƒ: Aiv-d-^v (dn-bm-Zv), A–p¬ I-_o¿ (Zp-_-bv), D-Ωm-®-°p-´n Io-gv-]-d-ºv (a-e-∏p-dw Pn-√m ]-©m-bØw-Kw), ^m-Xzn-a tN-μaw-K-√q¿, Pm-^¿ (dn-bmZv), ku-Z Hm-a-t»-cn, A≥-h¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I-ΩZv-Ip-´n Io-gv-]-d-ºv (]n.Uªyp.Un. tIm¨-{Sm-Œ¿), jp-°q¿ tN-μ-aw-K-√q¿, A-iv-d-^v Hm-a-t»-cn, kmPn-Z sN-dp-hm-Sn, ^u-knb sIm-Sn-b-Øq¿, jm-\n_ h-t´m-fn, j-ao-dm _m\p sN-dp-hm-Sn. k-tlm-Zc-߃: C-ºn-®n∏m-Øp D-≈m-´n¬, sI ]n A-lΩ-Zv- lm-Pn (Ip-´n-Ωm≥), B-an-\-°p-´n, A-–p¿-dlvam≥, B-bn-i-°p-´n, ac-°m¿, Ip-™n a-dn-bw, A-–p¬ -a-Po-Zv, A-–p¬ -d-km-Jv, sI ]n tam-bn (dn-´. A-[ym-]-I≥), apl-Ω-ZvIp-™n, A-–p- emw (A-[ym-]-I≥, sImSn-b-Øq¿).

B-bn-i-amÄ l-Öp-½ s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: Xq-X al-√v ap-X-h-√n-bm-bn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X-\m-b a-W-en-]-dºn¬ lw-kp- lm-Pn-bpsS `m-cy B-bn-j-amƒ l-÷p-Ω (73). a-°ƒ: A-–p-\m-k¿, ju-°-Ø-en, A-_q-_°¿, D-kv-am≥, am-fp-°p´n, ^m-Øn-a-Øp-kp-l-d, D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp, I-Zo-P, dwe.

^m-¯n-a l-Öp-½

sIm-bn-em-≠n: ta-∏bq¿ a-™-Ip-fw an-\n-bmS≥ Ir-jv-W≥ (65˛ -dn-´. sk≥-k-kv Hm-^n-kv, Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw). `m-cy: eo-e (dn-´. _n.Fkv.F≥.F¬. Hm-^n-kv, ]m-e-°m-Sv). a-°ƒ: k‘y, ]-tc-X-\m-b k-μo]v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv ap-l-½-Zv ({S-j-dn Hm-^n-kv, ]m-es]-cn-¥¬-aÆ - : Xm-tg°m-Sv). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: t°m-Sv a-cp-Xe - hm-gs - Øm- ko-X, e-£v-an, k-l-tZSn ap-lΩ - Z- v (75). h≥, P-\m¿-±-\≥. k-©`m-cy: I-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: ap-kv- b-\w i-\n-bm-gv-N. X-^, A-ivd - ^ - v, l-_o-_, d-lo-a. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ap-lΩ - - hn-im-em-£n A-½Zm-en, A-en, kp-\n-X, tI-cf - m-[o-iz-c] - p-cw: ]ssl-dp-∂o-k. tc-X\ - m-b ]p-Øq¿ tImgn-t»-cn tKm-hn-μ≥-Ip-´n A-l½- Z- -v lm-Pn - p-sS `m-cy \-SpI-cn-∏q¿: h-e° - ≠ - n A-l- ]-Wn-°c Ω-Zv- lm-Pn (80). `m-cy: ahn¬-∏m-´v hn-im-em-£n Ωm-Øp-Ω- l-÷p-Ω. aA-Ω (90). °ƒ: l-k≥, ap-lΩ - Z- v ap- a-°ƒ: C-μn-cm-tZ-hn, hnkvX - ^ - (Pn-±), A-eh - n-°p- P-be - £ - va - n, k-Xo-tZ-hn, ´n sN-dn-bm-∏p, B-an-\° - p- D-Æn-Ir-jvW - ≥. ´n, B-bn-i, \-^o-k° - p-´n, dp-Jn-b, kp-sse-J. a-cp-a^m-¯n-a-¡p-«n l-Öp-½ °ƒ: F Sn _m-h, ap-lΩ- A-cn-{º: A-Øn-°mZv k-lo¿, sI Sn A-eh - n°p-´n lm-Pn, sI Sn kn-±o- hn¬ ^m-Øn-a-°p-´n lJv, sam-bX v- o≥, D-Ωp-Ip¬- ÷p-Ω (85). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b a-Ω-Zv. kp, l-ko-\, \m-kn-b.

]-ø-\m-Sv: tXm-´p-s]mbn¬ X-cn-∏p-Æn¬ Ip-Δ∏n-em≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (Ip™m-∏p- lm-Pn˛84).

sIm-bn-em-≠n: a-μ-aw-Kew ]m-Xn-cn-°m-Sv Ã≥-en tPm¿-Pv (58). ]-tc-X-\mb tPm¿-P-n-s‚- a-I-\mWv.

Xm-b-e-ßm-Sn: Xm-b-eßm-Sn e-Øo-^v a≥kn-en-se A-Po-dn-s‚ aI≥ sam-bv-Xo≥ A¿am-≥ (H-º-Xv). A-kpJ-sØ- Xp-S¿-∂v Nnd-kn-b In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. Nm-en-bw: I-√m-bn-bnsN-´pw-Ip-gn sI.-F-kv. se A-cnhym-]m-cn-bm-bn- A-–p-√ Cw-•o-jv aocp-∂ Im-c-∏-d-ºv I-°pUn-bw kv-Iq-fn-se aqgn am-fn-tb-°¬ ]-tc-X- ∂mw-X-cw hn-Zym¿-Yn\m-b I-am-en-s‚ `m-cy bm-bn-cp-∂p. am-Xm-hv: Nm-en-bw t]m-kv-‰v-Hm-^n- km-Pn-X. k-tlm-Z-cn: kn-\p k-ao-]w Sn sI A¿-h. lu-kn¬ ]m-e-°-≠n dkn-b (74). a-°ƒ: sI A-d-ap-J³ Fw A-–p-∂m-k¿ (A- Xn-cq¿: aw-K-ew Im-hkn. c-Pn-kv-{Sm¿, Im-ent©-cn hm-en-bn¬ A-d°-‰v bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n), D- ap-J≥ (87). `m-cy-am¿: a¿ ^m-dq-Jv (J-Ø¿), ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωm-fp, _-Z-dp-±o≥ (ta-∏m-Sn), i- Pm-\-In. a-°ƒ: kp-μd-^p-∂n-k, kp-sse-J. c≥, cm-P≥, l-cn-Zma-cp-a-°ƒ: ssl-t{Zm-kv, k≥, D-Æn, a-Wn-Ik-°o-\, i¿-_n-\, AWvT≥, ao-\m-£n, c-ak-d, ]-tc-X-\m-b Sn sI Wn, cm-[, ip-`, tim-`, D-a¿-t°m-b (Nm-en-bw). _n-μp, kp-a. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]m-ea-cp-a-°ƒ: Hm-a-\, °-≠n _-jo¿, A≥h¬k-e, eo-e, jo-P, km-cn, h-t´m-fn ssk-\- A-\n-X, cm-a-Zm-kv, hn_, kp-ss_-Z, ]-tc-Xiz≥, kp-\n¬, Zm-k≥, bm-b B-an-\-°p-´n. ap-c-fn, a-[p.

A-e-hn

ap-l-½-Zv- -

A-_q-_-¡À lm-Pn

_n-cn-b-¡p-«n-

A-eo-a

A-_q-_-¡À- ap-kv-eymÀ

am-Wn-¡p-«n

\o-e-I-WvT³- -

Im-fn-Im-hv: ]p-√-t¶mSv Np-S-en-°-√n-se No\n-°¬ A-e-hn (62). `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: km-Pn-Z, _p-jv-d, sambv-Xo≥, kp-l-dm-_n, d^o-Jv. a-°ƒ: kn-±o-Jv, A≥h¿ -km-Z-Øv, ^-ko-e, ^-kv-\.

ta-em-‰q¿: In-g-°pw-]mSw Np-≈-n-tbm-Sp-Ip-∂v ]qf-Øv ap-l-Ω-Zv (55). `mcy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: hm-ln-Zv, kp-[o¿, \-ko-a, l-k-\-Øv, \-Zo-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: dp-_o-\, ^-ko-e, d-^o-Jv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: D-a¿, A-_p, _-jo¿, ]tc-X-bm-b ^m-Øn-a.

tX-™n-∏-ew: A-co-∏m-dbn-se I-≈n-bn¬ A-_q_-°¿ lm-Pn (_m-∏p-Ipt™m≥-˛77). `m-cy-am¿: P-ao-e, ]-tc-X-bm-b a-Ωocp-Ω. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, Ip-™n-^m-Øn-a, d-knb,a-dn-bw-_n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssk-\p-±o≥-lm-Pn, ap-lΩ-Zv F-∂ Ip-™n-∏, Ckv-am-Cu¬.

h-en-b-ßm-Sn-:- a-¶-csØm-Sn- ]-tc-X-\m-b- Ben-°p-´n-bp-sS- `m-cy- X-´m≥-sXm-Sn- _n-cn-b-°p-´n(75)-.- a-°ƒ-:- Ip-™n-apl-Ω-Zv,- _-jo¿,- ap-kv-X^- (Pn-±-),- a-Po-Zv,- k-ao¿(Pn-±-),- k-eo-\.- a-cp-a°ƒ-:- J-Zo-P,- dw-e,- kmPn-Z,- d-ko-\,- lm-cn-^,_-jo¿.-

Iq-cn-bm-Sv: ]-\-ºp-g tdmUn¬ Im-f-ßm-S≥ D-Ω-dns‚ `m-cy Ir-jv-W-]-dº≥ A-eo-a (65). a-°ƒ: C-{_m-low-Ip-´n (Z-Ωmw), A-–p-k-emw (Ip-sshØv), l-ko-_v, A-øq-_v, ^m-dq-Jv (ku-Zn), ju°-Øv, ssk-\-_, lm-cnkv, B-kn-b -_o-hn.

]p-fn-bw-]-d-ºv: B-imcn-sØm-Sn-I A-_q-_°¿ ap-kveym¿ (57).`m-cy: Ip-™n-∏m-ØpΩ. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv.-, Pm-^¿, A-–p¬ Ako-kv, A-–p-k-emw. acp-a-°ƒ: \-ko-d, kplv-dm-_n, ap-_-in-d.

a-t©-cn: I-cp-h-{ºw {]W-hw ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb tIm-gn-∏-≈n tXm-´-t»cn N-¥p-Æn-bp-sS `m-cy am-Wn-°p-´n (87). a-°ƒ: Nn-∂≥, in-h-Zm-k≥, ]mdp-°p-´n, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, I-a-ew. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I-dp∏≥, N-{μ≥, Nn-∂≥, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, \o-\.

sam-d-bq¿: U¬-ln _yqtdm C‚-en-P‚ v dn-´. Poh-\-°m-c≥ ]q-W-°m´n¬ \o-e-I-WvT≥ (65). `m-cy: Pm-\-In. a-°ƒ: A-Uz. \n-tP-jv-Ip-am¿, P-tb-jv-Ip-am¿. a-cp-aIƒ: \o-Xp. k-tlm-Z-c߃: im-¥, kp-Ip-amc≥, kp-μ-c≥, cm-[m-aWn, cm-tP-{μ≥.

D-½-¿-D-½

I-\n-b-d

tIm-b-¡p-«n- lm-Pn

\m-cm-b-W³

`m-kv-I-c³ B-Nm-cn

Xn-¯p-½-

A-e-hn- lm-Pn

ssk-Xp

I-°m-Sv: tXm-´p-߬ apl-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy `-K-hXn Im-hp-߬ D-Ω-ø-DΩ (108). a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-sam-bvXo≥, ^-{Ip-±o≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]m-Øp-Ωp, Ip™n-°-Zn-b.

t]-cm-{º: s\m-®m-Sv Xnø¿-I-≠n I-\n-b-d (100). a-°ƒ: _m-e-Irjv-W≥, cm-Po-h≥, ktcm-Pn-\n, ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-j, {io-P, \m-cm-bW≥ (ap-Xp-Im-Sv).

H-Xp-°p-߬: a-‰-Øq¿ s\-´n-®m-Sn h-en-b ]m-d°¬ tIm-b-°p-´n lm-Pn (60). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a°ƒ: A-iv-d-^v, Pm-^¿ (Ccp-h-cpw- ku-Zn), jm-^n, _m-kn-Øv, X-_v-jo-d, Xkvv-co-^. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssJdp-∂o-k, kp-lv-d, ^-ko-e.

Im-®n-\n-°m-Sv: ]-≈n-bmen¬ \m-cm-b-W≥ (78). `m-cy: cm-[. a-°ƒ: hn-Pb, D-Æn-Ir-jv-W≥, {]Im-iv, ssj-e-P,e-fn-X, Zn-t\-iv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tKmhn-μ≥, kn-‘p, Zn-hy, tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, cm[m-Ir-jv-W≥, jo-P.

h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ap-°n-se ao-Ø-se Xm-\-°-≠n `mkv-I-c≥ B-Nm-cn (61). A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv. ]nXmhv: ]-tc-X-\m-b N¥p. amXmhv: \m-cm-bWn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: KwKm-[-c≥, hn-iz≥, Atim-I≥, A-Pn-X.

Ip-∂-°m-hv: ]-tc-X-\mb B-°-∏-d-ºn¬ sambv-Xo-s≥-d `m-cy Xn-ØpΩ (84). a-°ƒ: ap-l-ΩZ-en F-∂ am-\p, D-kvam≥, ]-tc-X-cm-b ]mØp-Ω, lw-k. a-cp-a°ƒ: J-Zo-P, D-Ωp-k¬a, ssa-aq-\, lw-k.

a-t©-cn: Ip-´n-∏m-d Ip-∂sØm-Sn A-e-hn- lm-Pn (68). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a°ƒ: dp-Jn-b, A-–p¬\m-k¿, kp-sse-J, ssaaq-\, k-^n-b, A-_q-_°¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-Ω¿, apl-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X-^, sse-e.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: Nn-d-aw-Ke-sØ Ip-t™m-´v sskXp (50). `m-cy: k-^n-b. am-Xm-hv: _o-°p-´n. a°ƒ: lm-^n-kv, lm-^nk-Øv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv, ^m-Øn-a, sambv-Xo≥-_m-h, i-_-\, X≥-ho¿.

cm-a³ -\m-bÀ

Hm-a-t»-cn: \n-c-W-∏m-d sX-t° a-‰-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b h¿-Ko-kn-s‚ `m-cy G-en-bm-Ω (89). a-°ƒ: s]-Æ-Ω, sX-øm-Ω, knÿ sP-bn≥, eo-em-Ω, k-Æn, h¬-k-Ω, ]-tc-X\m-b tPm-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B‚-Wn, tdm-k-Ω, Ipv-´nb-®≥, t_-_n, sse-e, tPm-kv.

A-co-t°m-Sv: ]-Ø-\m-]pcw im-¥n-\-K-dn¬ ]q-Δ©o-cn cm-a≥- \m-b¿ (82). `m-cy: cp-Kvan-WnAΩ. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-bm-b D-j, Aw-_n-I, D-Z-b-N{μn-I. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cmb-W≥, tam-l-\≥, {io[-c≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \m-cm-b-W≥-\m-b¿, tKmhn-μ≥-Ip-´n-\m-b¿, Pm-\In-b-Ω, ]-tc-X-\m-b Irjv-W≥-\m-b¿.

ap-l-½-Zv-

kv-ä³-en tPmÀ-Pv

G-en-bm-½

ap-Jy-a-{´n-¡v \n-th-Z-\w \Â-In ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: _mw-•q¿ kv-t^mS-\-t°-kn¬ P-bn-en¬ I-gn-bp∂ A-–p-∂m-kn¿ a-Av-Z-\n-bpsS Pm-ay-Øn-s‚ Im-cy-Øn¬ tIm¨-{K-kv ssl-°-am‚n-s\ C-S-s]-Sp-hn-°m≥ A-Sn-b-¥-cam-bn {i-an-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏-´v tI-c-f ap-kv-enw P-am-AØv Iu¨-kn¬ kw-ÿm-\ IΩn-‰n ap-Jy-a-{¥n-°v \n-th-Z-\w \¬-I-n. a-Av-Z-\n-bp-sS Pm-aym-t]-£bn¬ I-gn-™ _n.sP.]n. k¿°m¿-t]m-epw kzo-I-cn-°m-Ø I¿-°-i-\n-e-]m-SmWv tIm¨{K-kv k¿-°m-¿ kzoI-cn-®-Xv. Ip-‰-]-{X-Øn¬ C-√m-Ø Btcm-]-W-am-Wv tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ D∂-bn-°-s∏-´-sX-∂pw \n-th-Z-\Øn¬ Nq-≠n-°m-´p-∂p.

Sn-¸À-tem-dn-¡-Sn-bnÂ-s¸-«v ss_-¡v bm-{X-n-I³ a-cn-¨psXm-Sp-]p-g: ap-X-e-t°m-Sw Ip∂w P-Mv-j-\n¬ Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-°Sn-bn¬-s∏-´v ss_-°v bm-{XnI≥ a-cn-®p. D-Sp-º-∂q¿ A-a-b{] ]p-√q-∏p-≈n¬ tKm-]n-\mY≥ (49) B-Wv C-∂-se D-®-bv°v c-t≠m-sS-bp-≠m-b A-]-I-SØn-¬ a-cn-®-Xv. D-Sp-º-∂q-cn-se l-tem F-≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv h¿-Ivkv ÿm-]-\ D-S-a-bm-Wv. Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-sb a-dn-I-S-°p∂-Xn-\n-sS F-Xn-tch-∂ Im-dnSn-®v sX-dn-®p-ho-W tKm-]n-\m-Ys‚ tZ-l-Øv tem-dn I-b-dn-bn-dßn X¬-£-Ww a-c-Ww kw-`hn-®p. sXm-Sp-]p-g-bn-se h¿-°vtjm-∏n¬ \n-∂p ss_-°n¬ DSp-º-∂q-cn-te-°v t]m-Ip-tºmgm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. sXm-Sp-]pg Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬

t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw arX-tZlw _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. -kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. ]tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h≥ \m-b-cmWv ]n-Xm-hv. am-Xm-hv: `m¿-K-hnb-Ω-. `m-cy: tim-`-\-. a-°ƒ: tPym-Xn, A-iz-Xn.

`-hm-\n Hm-a-t»-cn: ]p-√q-cmw-]m-d ]p-Ø≥-]p-c-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b cm-a-Ir-jv-W-s‚ `mcy `-hm-\n (85). a-°ƒ: cho-{μ≥, c-a-Wn, c-a-W≥, c-a, cm-Po-hv, c-Xo-tZ-hn, cPn-X, c-ta-i≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: N-{μ-h-√n, c-Xv-\Ω, {io-[-c≥, hn-P-b, tKm-]m-e≥, s_-∂n, do\, ]-tc-X-\m-b X-¶-∏≥.-

sam-bv-Xp ap-k-eymÀ

F-S-∏mƒ: tdm-Un-se K-´-dn¬ Nm-Sm-Xn-cn-°m≥ sh´n-® Im¿ Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-bn-en-Sn-®v H-cmƒ a-cn-®p. aq-∂pt]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv Ip-‰ym-Sn X-fo-°-c sIm-S-°¬ ]-≈n-°-Sp-Ø a-e-b-s‚-I-≠n A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow (53) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v 12\v kwÿm-\ ssl-th-bn-se FS-∏m-fn-\-Sp-Ø \-Sp-h-´w Im- e - S n- Ø - d - b n- e m- b n- c p∂p A-]-I-Sw. ]-cn-t°-‰ _mw-•q¿ sa-P-Ãn-Iv im¥n-\-K-dn¬ I-Øo-_v (45), sIm-Sp-h-≈n s]m∂m-c-Øv \m-k¿ (39), ss{U-h¿ _m-ep-t»-cn aq-em-Sv Im-b-°¬ bq-k-^v (41) F-∂n-h-sc B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. dn-b¬ F-tÃ-‰v B-h-iym¿-Yw Xr-iq-cn-te-°v t]m-hpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p Im-dn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-h¿. sa-‰¬ I-b‰n N-ß-cw-Ip-fw `m-K-Øp-\n-∂v F-S-∏m-fn-te-°v h-cnI-bm-bn-cp-∂ Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-bn-em-Wv Im¿ C-Sn-®-Xv. Im-dn-s‚ ap≥-ko-‰n-em-bn-cp-∂ A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow •mkn¬ X-e-b-Sn-®v X¬-£-Ww a-cn-®p. Im¿ sh-´n-s∏mfn-®m-Wv F-√m-h-sc-bpw ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw N-ß-cw-Ip-fw F-kv.-sF. N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ C≥-Iz-Ãv \-S-Øn. s]m-∂m-\n Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ kq-£n-® ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂v t]m-Ãvtam¿-´w \-S-Øn \m-´n-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]m-Ipw. I-gn-™-bm-gv-N- C-Xn-\-Sp-Øm-bn Im-dpw Sm-¶¿-temdn-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. sN-ß-∂q¿ kz-tZ-in i-_-cn-\m-Yv (35) B-Wv A-∂v a-cn-®-Xv.

t_-hn-© hm-l-\m-]-I-Sw: H-cmÄ-Iq-Sn a-cn-¨p

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: sN¿-°-f-˛-N-´-©m¬ tZ-io-b-]m-Xbn-se t_-hn-©-bn¬ hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se-bp-≠m-b hm-l-\m-]-I-S-Øn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v aw-K-em-]p-cw B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ tem-dn ¢o-\-dpw a-cn-®p. I¿-Wm-S-I lp-ªn kz-tZ-in cm-Pp(32)hm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. tem-dn D-S-a-bpw ss{U-h-dp-am-b lp-ªn kz-tZ-in \m-tK-{μ \m-h-se A-]-I-S-Zn-h-kw X-s∂ a-cn-®n-cp∂p. am-\-¥-hm-Sn-bn-te-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ kzIm-cy-_- pw tem-dn-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

hn-jw A-I-¯p-sN-¶v a-cn-¨-\n-e-bnÂ

_-Zn-b-Sp-°: d-_¿ \-gv-kdn D-S-a-sb hn-jw A-IØp-sN-∂v a-cn-®-\n-ebn¬- I-s≠-Øn. Im-S-a-\ B-\-μ hn-em-k-Øn-se cm-Pp(46)hm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ]n-Xm-hv: A-h-dm≥. am-Xmhv: Ip-™-Ω. `m-cy: Pm≥kn. a-°ƒ: sa¿-hn≥, sPdn≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: jmPn, tPm-bn≥-kv, Ip-™n-tam≥, en-kn X-¶-a-Wn.

Xn-cp-h-\-´-]p-cw kz-tZ-in I-®q-cn a-cn-¨-\n-e-bnÂ

I-Æq¿: Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw kz-tZ-in-sb I-Æq-cn¬ acn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw B-‰n߬ kz-tZ-in ap-Po-_n(48)s\-bm-Wv I-Æq¿ k-∂n[m≥ _m-dn-\p k-ao-]-sØ sI-´n-S-Øn-se h-cm-¥bn¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠X -- v. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS-bm-Wp kw-`-hw. \m-´p-Im¿ hnh-c-a-dn-bn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v Su¨ t]m-en-kv ÿ-esØ-Øn C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn. ar-X-tZ-lw Pn-√m Bip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬. I-gn-™ 10 h¿-j-am-bn I-Æqcn¬ Iq-en-∏-Wn sN-bv-Xp-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p ap-Po_v.

ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cn-¨-dn-ªp

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: a-t©-iz-cw N¿-®v _o-®n¬ hym-gm-gvN cm-{Xn 11Hm-sS I-s≠-Øn-b ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cn-®-dn™p. _-≠zmƒ sam-K¿ kz-tZ-in _m-]v-‰n-Ãv an-kv-In‰v (60) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.- aq-∂p-Zn-h-kw ap-ºv Ir-jn-bn-SØn¬ \n-∂p sh-≈w Nm-en-te-°v H-gp-°n-hn-Sp-∂-Xn\n-sS Im¬-sX-‰n i-‡-am-b H-gp-°p-≈ Nm-en-te-°v ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d-™p. arX-tZ-lw I-S-en-eq-sS H-gp-In a-t©-iz-cw _o-®n-seØp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: kn-kn-en. a-°ƒ: sa¬hn≥ an-kv-In-‰v, sl‚n, tP-°-_v an-kv-In-‰v.-

In-W-än ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

^-tdm-°v: tIm¨-{Io-‰v tPm-en-°n-sS ho-Sn-\p ap-Ifn¬-\n-∂p In-W-‰n¬ ho-Wv sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-®p. ]pØq¿-aTw sIm-e-®n-∏m-d-Ω¬ cm-a-Ir-jv-W≥ (55) BWp a-cn-®-Xv. A-co-°m-Sv X-®-º-ew tdm-Un¬ am-S-Øn߬ hn-P-b-s‚ ho-´nse InW-‰n-emWv hoW-Xv.

`ojWn: _-emÂ-kw-K-¯n-\n-cbm-b 10mw-¢mkpIm-cn Po-h-s\m-Sp-¡n Km-kn-bm-_mZv: _-em¬-kw-K-Øn-\n-c-bmb 10mw ¢mkv hn-Zym-¿-Yn-\n tI-kn-se {]-Xn-bp-sS Ip-Spw_-Øn-s‚ `o-j-Wn-sb -Xp-S¿-∂v B-fll-Xy sNbvXp. tI-kv ]n≥-h-en-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´m-bncp-∂p `o-jWn. ^m-cn-Zv-\-K-dn-se _-‘p-ho-´n-emWv s]¨-Ip-´n-sb ^m-\n-¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-®-\n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn-bXv. tI-kv ]n≥-h-en-°-W-sa-∂ {]-Xn-bp-sS ho-´p-Im-cp-sS k-Ω¿±-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v s]¨-Ip-´nbpw Ip-Spw-_hpw _-‘p-ho-´n-te-°v Xma-kw am-dn-bn-cp∂p. sam-ss_¬ F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn [¿ta-μdpw c-≠p Iq-´m-fn-Ifpw tN¿-∂p s]¨-Ip-´nsb X-´n-s°m≠p-t]m-bn _-em¬-kw-K-w sN-bv-Xti-jw hn-P-\am-b ÿe-Øv D-t]-£n-°p-I-bmbn-cp∂p. Xp-S¿-∂m-Wv s]¨--Ip-´n-bp-sS ho-´p-Im¿ t]m-en-kn¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-bXv. {]-Xn-bp-sS ho-´pIm-cp-sS `o-j-Wn-sb Xp-S¿-∂v X-ß-fp-sS a-Iƒ am\-kn-I-am-bn X-I¿-∂n-cps-∂-∂v s]¨-Ip-´n-bp-sS ho-´p-Im¿ ]-d™p.

\nc-h[n tam-j-W-t¡-k-p-I-fnse {]-Xn- ]nSn-bn Ip-∂w-Ip-fw: C-cp-\q-dn-te-sd tam-j-W-t°-k-p-I-fn¬ {]-Xnbm-b bp-hm-hn-s\ Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xp. ae-∏p-dw tX-™n-∏-ew kz-tZ-in ]m-e-°m-´v ho-´n¬ ssk-\p-±os\-(32)bm-Wv kn.sF _m-_p sI tXm-a-kn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep-≈ t]m-en-kv A-d-kv-‰v sN-bvX-Xv. 2011 B-K-kv-Xn-¬ s]-cp-ºnem-hv A-Xp-ey-bn¬ D-Æn-bp-sS ho-´n¬ \n-∂v \m¬-∏-Ø-©-c ]h≥ kz¿-Wm-`-c-W-ß-fpw c-≠v dn-Ãv hm-®p-I-fpw C-e-t{Œm-Wn-Ivkv D-]-I-c-W-ß-fpw I-√pw-]p-dw sX-°-Øv ho-´n¬ Ip-™n-∏-bpsS ho-´n-¬ \n-∂v H-∂-c-e-£w cq]-bp-sS Xp-Wn-Ø-c-ß-fpw ]mtd-ºm-S-Øv ap≥ \-K-c-k-`m sNb¿-am≥ sI ]n tU-ho-kn-s‚

ho-´n¬ \n-∂v sN-bn≥, tam-Xn-cw, I-Ω¬ F-∂n-h-bpw tam-„n-® tI-kp-I-fnem-Wv C-bmƒ AdÃn-em-bXv. Kƒ-^n¬ ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂ ssk-\p-±o≥ A-h-[n-°v \m-´n-¬ h-cp-∂p-sh-∂ c-l-ky-hn-h-csØ Xp-S¿-∂v apw-ss_ C‚¿\m-j-\¬ F-b¿-t]m-¿-´n¬ \n-

∂m-Wv C-bm-sf I-kv-‰-U-n-bn-seSp-Ø-Xv. Ip-∂w-Ip-fw ta-J-ebn¬ \-S-Øn-b tam-j-W-Øn-\p ti-jw hn-tZ-i-tØ-°p ap-ßn-b C-bmƒ-°m-bn t]m-en-kv ep°u-´v t\m-´n-kv ]p-d-s∏-Sp-hn-®ncp-∂p. 150te-sd tI-kp-I-fn¬ hn-hn[ t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j≥ ]-cn-[nbn¬ C-bm-fp-sS A-d-Ãv tc-J-s∏Sp-Øn-bn-´p-s≠-¶n-epw 50Hm-fw tI-kp-I-fn¬ ]n-Sn-°n-´m-∏p-≈nbm-Wv. ssl-th-I-fn-se B-fn√m-Ø ho-Sp-Iƒ I-s≠-Øn kwLmw-K-ß-fp-am-bn ÿ-e-sØØn hm-Xn¬ Ip-Øn-s∏m-fn-®v tam-j-Ww \-S-Øp-∂-Xm-Wv Cbm-fp-sS co-Xn. 25te-sd t]m-enkv kv-t‰-j-\p-I-fn¬ C-bm-fp-sS t]-cn¬ tam-j-W-t°-kp-I-fp≠v. tam-j-W ap-X¬ hn-‰p-In-´p-

∂ ]-Ww sIm-≠v sN-ss∂, apwss_, _mw-•q¿ F-∂o sa-t{Sm \-K-c-ß-fn¬ B¿-`m-S-Po-hn-Xw \-bn-®v hn-tZ-i-tØ-°p ap-ßp-Ibm-Wv C-bmƒ sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. Iq-´p-{]-Xn-I-fm-b ap-kv-Xm-Jv, j^o-Jv F-∂n-h-sc-bpw tam-j-Wap-X¬ hn¬-∏-\ \-S-Øm≥ klm-bn-®-Xn-\v ssk-\p-±o-s‚ amXm-hn-s\-bpw k-tlm-Z-cn-sbbpw Ip-∂w-Ip-fw t]m-en-kv t\sØ A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. 2011¬ kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cnbn¬ \n-∂v 110 ]-h-s‚ kz¿-Wm`-c-W-ß-fpw X-e-t»-cn-bn¬ \n∂v 56 ]-h-s‚ B-`-c-W-ß-fpw Ih¿-∂-Xv ssk-\p-±o-s‚ t\-XrXz-Øn-ep-≈ kw-L-am-bn-cp-∂p. 15 Zn-h-k-sØ eo-hn¬ \m-´n¬ h∂-t∏m-gm-Wv t]m-en-kv ssk-\p±o-s\ A-d-kv-‰v sN-bv-X-Xv.

C-S-Xp-t\-Xm-¡Ä k-ao-]n-s¨-¶v am-Wn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: tkm-fm¿ X´n-∏n-s‚ ]-›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ Xs‚ Xm¬-∏-cy-a-dn-bm≥ C-S-Xpt\-Xm-°ƒ k-ao-]n-s®-∂v a{¥n sI Fw am-Wn. ap-Jy-a-{¥n]-Z-sØ-°p-dn-®pw t\-Xm-°ƒ kq-Nn-∏n-®-Xm-bn kz-Im-cy-Nm-\en-\v \¬-In-b A-`n-ap-J-Øn¬ am-Wn ]-d-™p. C-S-Xp-ap-∂-Wnbn-te-°p h-cp-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®pw A-\u-]-Nm-cn-I N¿-®-Iƒ \-S-∂p. tPm-kv sI am-Wn-sb tI-{μ-a-{¥n-bm-°m-Ø-Xv i-cnbm-bn-√. tkm-Wn-bm-Km-‘n-tbm-Spw {]-[m-\-a-{¥n-tbm-Spw t\-cn-´v C°m-cyw B-h-iy-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. tI{μ-a-{¥n-ÿm-\w tI-c-fm tIm¨-{K- n-\v A-h-Im-i-s∏-´Xm-sW-∂pw am-Wn ]-d-™p.


Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2013-07-27  

Thejas Epaper obit edition. 2013-07-27

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