Welcome to the Fair! Welcome to the 2011 Klickitat County Fair and Rodeo! One hundred and thirty years after its first one, the County Fair is back. And like the very first one, it has its roots in community and tradition. The Fair got started by a group of ranchers and farmers who thought it’d be a good idea to share their appreciation of agriculture in the area. It was also a time for fun and fellowship with neighbors and friends. Now, 130 years later, fun and appreciation are still the
hallmarks of this County Fair. The theme for the Fair this year is Denim and Dust, and there’s plenty of both in Klickitat County. The Fair this year features a wide range of animal shows and showings; penning, riding, and cutting competitions; a goat calling contest; a downtown parade; a very denim-filled and dusty rodeo; and entertainment that includes magic, music, and reptiles. And the carnival returns this year. The Grand Marshall this year is Roger Pond in
Chowing down at the barbecue
memorium; Pond, who died earlier this year, is a favorite son of Goldendale and its unofficial humorist laureate. He created “The Back 40” rural humor column and kept it going for decades, delighting readers across the country with his observations on country living. It’s the annual summer entertainment and ag event that all of Klickitat County loves to attend! Welcome!
Ogden’s Mopar Limo Service Providing free taxi services to the fair in vintage comfort and style since 1995
The Klickitat County Fair kicks off on Thursday evening with a barbecue, but it’s not just any barbecue. This is one truly worthy of the County Fair. For one thing, it’s big—really big. Last year it fed about a thousand hungry Klickitat Countians. Folks love waiting in line to be served their choice of a dizzying variety of chow. Lots of tables ensure everyone gets a cozy, comfort-
able seat to enjoy the culinary comaraderie. The barbecue also highlights county fare: everything you eat here comes from the county. Whether it’s ostrich, buffalo, or any other foodstuff, you can count on it coming from right here in Klickitat County, according to fair organizers. And the kickoff barbecue is a long-standing tradition. Think of it as a kind of mid-
summer Christmas Eve in terms of the feeling it evokes and its seasonal sense. It’s a holiday of its own, with food, friends, entertainment, and memories to last until next year’s fair comes around again. For a great many people, the barbecue is the perfect start to the perfect fair. So grab a fine plate of paper china, some plasticware, a seat at a table, and chow down at the county fair barbecue!
For the 17th year, Ogden’s Mopar Limo Service is providing free taxi service during the Klickitat County Fair. The taxi is in operation from 9 a.m to 7 p.m., Thursday through Sunday. Earlier or later runs are available if prior arrangements are made with the dispatcher. The taxi will load and unload at the handicapped parking area near the fair office. From here, passengers have only a short walk to the grandstand, exhibit halls and cattle barns. When passengers want to leave the fairgrounds, they may tell the fair office staff who will call a
driver. Dr. Ogden’s 1949 Dodge Meadowbrook and 1947 Plymouth Special Deluxe are used as the taxis. Reliable volunteers from Goldendale are driving the taxis, which are kept in excellent running condition. A common misconception about the fair taxi service is that it is only for senior citizens. While most of the riders in the past have been elderly people, anyone who needs transportation to or from the fair is welcome to use the taxi service. The number for the free taxi service is 773-4809.
Klickitat County Fair is older than the state In autumn 1881, the Klickitat County Agricultural Society holds the first Klickitat County Fair at newly erected fairgrounds about a mile outside the town of Goldendale. The Fair will be held annually for several years. The early years of settlement by non-Indians in the Klickitat Valley began in about 1852 and were dominated by cattle ranching. But cultivation of the land for agriculture increased slowly but steadily over the next three decades. By the early 1880s most of the land between the Columbia hills and the Simcoe mountain range was under cultivation. In 1881 a group of area farmers and Goldendale business owners formed the Klickitat County Agricultural Society with the aim of producing a yearly agricultural fair to promote and celebrate Klickitat County agriculture. They purchased a tract of land about a mile outside of Goldendale and built an exhibition pavilion, a race course and grandstand, and stalls for stock. A high fence surrounded the fairgrounds. Klickitat County residents considered the Fair a great success, and especially timely because farmers were beginning to produce large enough grain crops that the possibility of exporting to a wider market was becoming a reality. An
Sulky race at the fairgrounds, ca. 1900 Illustrated History of Klickitat, Yakima and Kittitas Counties, With An Outline Of The Early History of The State Of Washington, published in 1904, described how important this first Fair was to educate the farmers about their land’s potential: “The settlers of the county had their attention called for the first time to the importance of their county as a fruit country, when they saw displayed not only hardy vari-
eties, but even the more delicate semi-tropical fruits, all perfect in form and development. Already the necessity for better methods of outside communication was beginning to be felt by the citizens of Klickitat Valley. Hitherto, the local demand had been sufficient for all products of the county except the stock, which was readily transported overland, but the wheat fields were increasing year by year
Association worked together to present the event. Currently, the County Fair is held yearly in late August. Photos courtesy of Klickitat County Historical Society Sources: HistoryLink.org; An Illustrated History of Klickitat, Yakima and Kittitas Counties, With An Outline Of The Early History of The State Of Washington (Evansville, Indiana: Unigraphic,  1977), p. 104; History of Klickitat County ed. by Pete May (Goldendale: Klickitat County Historical Society, 1982), pp. 66, 70. By Paula Becker, May 27, 2006
Announcer’s booth at the fairgrounds, ca 1890
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and it was evident that an outside market would soon be a necessity” (p. 105). The Klickitat County Fair was held annually during the 1880s. In September 1909 it was re-launched but held only sporadically. It was again relaunched in 1946, after the war. After 1949 the newly formed Klickitat County Livestock Association and the Klickitat County Fair
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Throop returns to roots, farming with horses Pat Throop was destined to become a horse farmer. She grew up in Alaska helping her step-father log and work hay and oat fields with horses. Today, Throop is working towards building a self-sufficient farm using horses to grow and harvest feed for her cow-calf business. Throop operates her farm east of Goldendale along the Bickleton Highway. She
grazes 120 acres of rented ground and about 60 acres of her own land with a herd of Black Angus cross cows and an Angus bull. She finishes out a few of her calves and sells the rest. Her daytime job is in purchasing at Klickitat Valley Hospital. Throop purchased the land on the Bickleton Highway about 12 years ago. A young stand of alfalfa was in place
and Throop leased out the farm ground on a share rental arrangement. She says the stand of alfalfa was poor and they eventually planted it to wheat to break up weed cycles. Four years ago she had the acres custom farmed and began to consider farming it herself. While Throop may have it in her blood, she didn’t just jump into the business of farming with horses. She analyzed the pros and cons completely, giving serious consideration to a mechanized, traditional approach, versus trying to do it with horses. She concluded she lacked the knowledge of
OPEN AIR FARMING: Pat Throop at the reins on board her cultivator.
the machinery to be able to
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maintain a line of farming equipment herself, and she didn’t want to rely on outside help and the expense that goes with it. She listed positive aspects to the mechanized approach, including greater convenience for her and she conceded it would probably allow her to produce better quality forage. But, she didn’t like the environmental negatives of soil compaction, polluSee Horses, Page 5
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HARD WORKERS: Throop’s horses, Brabant French Belgians, Polly and Hattie love the work almost as much as Throop.
from Page 4
tion, noise and fuel use. It was also considerably more expensive than the horse option. Weighing in on the side of horses was her love of working with horses and she was confident she could maintain that level of equipment. The environmentally friendly approach, low cost, and the soothing, mental aspects of working the land with a team of horses made the decision fairly easy. Yet, she still needed to know if it was feasible. While researching the issue, she met Faye and Regina Pishon, of The Dalles. The Pishons were experienced horse farmers, so she asked Faye to walk her land and give her his opinion of whether it could work. Pishon spent several hours on the property and encouraged Throop to proceed. Throop found her horses after attending a small farm
equipment sale where she met Marvin and Pam Brisk, who raised Brabant French Belgian horses on their farm in Halfway, Ore. She started with three horses in the spring of 2010, working 60 acres of grass and alfalfa hay. She purchased two blue roan, six year
old half-sisters, Hattie and Polly. The third horse was rented through the summer until Throop decided two horses were enough. Hattie had considerable experience and is the calmer of the two horses. Polly is less experienced and can be a challenge.
Throop describes Polly as an “A-type personality, an overachiever, high strung and intense.” Both horses like to work. “They are like sled dogs in that way,” says Throop. Training horses to farm is no simple task. In addition to getting used to the harness, the horses need to learn to be handled all over, deal with the clanging noise of equipment, while learning voice and hand commands. It is obvious when you watch a team of horses work a field, that it truly is a team enterprise, which includes the human at the end of the reins. Fortunately, the Brabant breed is generally good natured and trainable. Given that they weigh around 1800 pounds and stand more than 16 hands tall, calm control is essential. Throop is still working on that process as she also learns how to make the system work on her unique field circustances. Last summer the horses were able to mow, bale and collect 80 bales. Throop used her truck for the remaining 2,057 bales. It was plenty to feed the horses and her cattle.
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With plenty of hay on hand, she decided to gamble a little and fallow a field this year for fall planting. She admits it has not worked well as weeds got ahead of her as she waited out wet spots in the field. She cultivated the field in June, learning how to set the cultivator with advice from Pishon. She is also chipping away at improvements to her barn and horse shed, when she can find time away from her day job. Throop’s goal is to retire from her off-farm job some day and run a self-sustaining farm, growing her own hay and selling grass-fed, “natural” beef. She looks forward to the time things fall into place and she can spend more time riding one of her regular sized horses, a luxury she feels she isn’t getting enough of at the present time. Key to the operation will be her two-horse power. In many ways she is coming full circle to her roots, riding behind horses as she did as a child in Alaska, as content as anyone can possibly be as she and her team, ride the hills of her Klickitat County farm.
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Smoked salmon an added draw to Goldendale’s Farmers’ Market William Slockish started learning the family business when he was about seven. “We didn’t pull the net or anything like that, but we packed fish and watched other
people fish.” That was 18 years ago. These days, Slockish fishes commercially. His smoked salmon is sold shrink wrapped or canned at the Goldendale
BIG FISH: William Slockish with a spring caught chinook salmon.
Farmers Market, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Saturday, in Ekone Park. Slockish, who lives in Wishram Heights with wife Tasia and son Tonee, participates in various gillnet fisheries year round, all regulated. First, in March, is the fishery for ceremonial Chinook salmon. The catch is allocated to different tribes for ceremonial purposes, including distribution to the elderly. Fishermen are not allowed to sell ceremonial fish. While they are fishing with gillnet for the ceremonial salmon, Indian fishermen are allowed to use hook and line for personal use fish. Next comes a much-revived sockeye fishery, a steelhead fishery, summer Chinook, and fall Chinook into autumn to
round out the year. But within this loose schedule, Natives don’t fish whenever they want. It’s important to ensure “escapement:” fish allowed to escape nets and arrive in natal streams and hatcheries. Also, there are separate rules for Indians with scaffolds. Above Bonneville, there are no commercial fisheries for chum and pink salmon. Slockish fishes out of Sundale and Roosevelt. He is a registered member of the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs, his mother’s tribe. However, his father is chief of Klickitats and registered as a member of the Yakama Nation. Fishing and trading occupied Indians in what is now Klickitat and Wasco counties for many thousands of years. Tribal villages here are arguably the oldest human communities in North America. But there was a time when
the Indians didn’t fish here, and it wasn’t very long ago. The Columbia River was effectively cut in half with the construction of Grand Coulee Dam in the ’30s. Six hundred miles of river above the dam would never again see a migrating salmon. Then came the cruelest blow: The Dalles Dam inundated Celilo Falls and the Narrows complex, covering what had been some of the Indians’ most productive fishing sites. In 1957, one year after The Dalles Dam flood, Indians were forbidden to fish commercially above Bonneville Dam. They could still fish for ceremonial purposes, but to use fish commercially was forbidden. That was until 1969, when U.S. District Judge Robert Belloni ruled that Indians had “an absolute right” to the fishery and to sell their catches. See Salmon, Page 7
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from Page 6
He based his decision on the clear language in the Treaties of 1855, which was approved by the U.S. Senate. It was law. Regardless of history, Slockish is now working on the future. His son Tonee is only 5, but he’s already been out fishing with his old man.
FINAL PRODUCT: Slockish with his smoked salmon sold at Goldendale’s Farmers’ Market.
Focus on produce and new location revitalize Goldendale market The newly renamed Goldendale Farmers’ Market opened on Mother’s Day weekend this year, in their new location at Ekone Park. Organizers invited local growers to participate at the market when they find they have a bumper crop. Anyone is welcome to bring their produce to the market and use the community table without joining the market. Sellers can stay to sell goods, with a portion of the proceeds going to the market; alternatively sellers can allow a volunteer to sell for them. The market has had some challenges in the past years with weather and quantity of produce, but indications are that with the change from the
Saturday Market to being an official farmers’ market—and a desire to support local farming efforts—the Goldendale Farmers’ Market is resulting in an upsurge of community shopping. Ekone Park has facilitated larger crowds and better accessibility, since it’s central and within walking distance of most of the town. The market has access to a kitchen and ample power to provide to vendors with more marketing options. A representative from the Washington State Farmers’ Market association attended the new farmers’ market organizational meeting and clarified several points of confusion about what constitutes
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NEW MARKET NAME AND LOCATION: The Goldendale’s Farmers’ Market gained “Farmers’ Market” designation this year and relocated to Ekone Park.
formal qualification as a farmers’ market, mainly that 51 percent of revenues at the market had to come from produce, with at least five vendors selling produce. The market is open 9 a.m.
to 2 p.m. on Saturdays. For more information on the Goldendale Farmers’ Market, write to firstname.lastname@example.org or call the Chamber of Commerce at 773-3400.
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County’s alfalfa has reputation for quality If you like Tillamook cheese or ice cream, you will be happy to know that some of that product may have started right here in Klickitat County. There is a long time connection between Klickitat County and Tillamook. For decades, truck loads of hay have made
the trip along the Columbia River, through Portland and westward, a roundtrip of about 300 miles, to provide high quality feed for Tillamook dairy cows. One of the chief brokers of hay between here and there is Donnie Jenck. Jenck buys and
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hauls hay from Klickitat County for his own dairy and others in the Tillamook area. Jenck says he brings 36-ton loads of hay from Klickitat County to Tillamook 50 times throughout the year. He used to haul a lot more. “Maybe 90 percent of the hay came from here, but it isn’t that way anymore. Probably about 10 percent these days,” says Jenck. Most dairies want forage tested for Relative Feed Value and are willing to pay more than $300 per ton for the best product, even if it has to be trucked from central Oregon. There is value in knowing what you are feeding. But, a reputation for high quality hay, distance and price keep
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LONG TIME GROWER: Dale Thiele greases his baler. Thiele has been sending alfalfa hay to Tillamook for 54 years.
Klickitat County in the market, even without testing. One of the farms Jenck buys from is the Thiele operation which grows irrigated alfalfa and grass hay mixes west and
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south of Goldendale. Jenck says “the hay from Klickitat County has always been good.” He says the old timers have kept a competitive price, and he may have been referring to Dale Thiele. Thiele first hauled hay to Jenck farms in 1957 for another grower. These days he is the grower and he takes great pride in the quality of his hay. He also prices his hay at a reasonable price, probably below what he could get. But, Thiele, a cattleman, sees both sides of the business and says “they [the feeders] have to make a living too.” He does note that hay prices haven’t changed much over the years. “The first year I sold hay for $100 per ton was following the St. Helens eruption,” says Thiele. A lot of hay north of here was hurt by the ash. Untested hay in this area is now selling in the $140 to $200 range. “It used to be that if the cows would eat it, they bought it. Now everything is based on testing,” says Thiele. “Most people around here don’t cut early enough to get the kind of quality demanded by dairies.” Thiele tries to be timely on his cuttings, but even so, he doesn’t test. He believes soil quality gives central Oregon growers an advantage. But, Thiele’s See Hay Page 9
ANOTHER LOAD TO TILLAMOOK: Mike Thiele moves bales of hay from a field stack to one of Donnie Jenck’s trucks, bound for Tillamook. Kane Thiele is on the truck at right.
from Page 8
customers aren’t complaining. Thiele has been sending hay to Shriner Farms, at Murdock, for more than 20 years. He sends only his best product, saying “they [Shriners Farm] only want the best for the exotic animals they feed.” And they keep coming back. Most of Thiele’s hay is irrigated and he can get 5 to 7 tons/acre. He has always been a hay farmer and would have it no other way. But he also says “you lose a lot of sleep over hay.” That’s because rain on cut hay spells trouble. The dry summers in Klickitat County are part of the reason the hay is generally good around here, but rain on the first cutting is always a big risk. The last thing Thiele wants to do is have to turn wet windrows. The more you work the hay, the more there is shatter loss and quality suffers. So it is understandable how the threat of rain might cause anxiety for Thiele.
There is some art to producing good hay, but there is more to it than that. Thiele works at it. That means long hours, hopping out of bed well before 5 a.m. to start baling at a time when the moisture is right and shatter losses are minimal. Thiele controls pests like alfalfa weevil, which has been particularly bad this year, and he keeps weeds from diluting the quality of his hay. Summing up the reason he invests so much into being a hay farmer, Thiele says “hay’s treated me good.” If you have that relationship with your crop it is no wonder people want to buy it. And as long as the Jencks and Thieles are in the business, there is likely to be a continuous flow of hay from Klickitat County to Tillamook and perhaps onto your dinner table.
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Dairies as natural as the environment Dairy farming has a long history in the Trout Lake valley. Monte Pearson’s grandfather homesteaded in the area in 1883, starting the first continuous dairy operation in the ever-green valley at the foot of Mt. Adams. Pearson is the current owner along with his wife, Laura of their Mountain Laurel Jerseys dairy. Theirs is one of seven dairies in Klickitat County, four of which are in the Trout Lake valley. Department of Agriculture data show that six farms with
sales in 2007 sold $3,072,000, a significant business in the county. The seventh farm is a new, two-cow dairy in the valley, owned by Jim Lambert. Lambert sells raw milk. Also tied to dairy is John Shuman’s cheese business started more than a year ago. Shuman owns a couple of cows in the Pearson herd to provide milk for his cheese. One might think the most important feature of the Trout Lake valley is the natural spec-
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tacle of Mt. Adams, but as you look over the bowl-shaped area as you descend along the Glenwood to Trout Lake highway, equally impressive is the agricultural nature of the valley below and much of that valley is dominated by dairies. The three larger dairies are all organic, which is a nice fit with the organic crop farms in the valley. Pearson’s Mountain Laurel Jerseys went organic in 1996, becoming the state’s first organic certified dairy. At about the same time, Mountain Meadows dairy, owned by Robert and Leslie Schmid also was certified. The Schmid’s dairy also goes back to the late 1880’s. A couple of years later, White Water Holsteins, of Mark and Kristie
THEY’RE PRETTY: One of Monte Pearson’s “pretty” Jersey cows.
Schmid became the third valley dairy to be certified organic. All three dairies market under the Organic Valley brand. Pearson had been virtually organic for years before becoming certified. The impetus to switch came with the
advent of Bovine Somatatropic Hormone (bST) in 1993. When cattle were injected with bST, they became more efficient in their milk production and produced significantly more milk than untreated cows. See Dairy Page 11
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VALLEY ICONS: Dairy cows and Mt. Adams define the Trout Lake valley.
from Page 10
“I didn’t want to compete there,” says Pearson. He thought he could market his milk as bST free, but FDA wouldn’t allow it since the milk from treated cows was indistinguishable from nontreated cow milk. So he began looking for organic options which carried a certification stating the cows were not treated. Coincidentally, CROPP, an organic cooperative from Wisconsin was in the area looking for producers. Mountain Laurel Jerseys became certified through Oregon Tilth and the rest, as they say, is history. Pearson kept a connection with
Darigold cooperative, his previous affiliation, and they continue to truck his milk. As a certified organic dairy, cattle must graze at least 120 days per year and have at least 30 percent of their intake from growing material, in
seems to be absorbed by the population. The Pearson’s aren’t tied down by their dairy, yet they keep hands on the operation. They also find time to enjoy the lifestyle afforded to those living in this part of the world. The family began hiking around Mt. Adams when their children were young. Since then, they have made a point of hiking the nearby Pacific Crest Trail. Monte and Laura completed the Washington portion of the trail and they are close to completing the Oregon segment. Another difference in the valley is that the dairies appear to be there to stay. Whereas many western
Washington dairies have been crowded out by suburban sprawl, it is hard to imagine that happening at Trout Lake. They are as valued to the population as the mountain and there are new players like Shuman and Lambert betting on their continued role in life in the valley. There is also another generation of Pearson’s betting on the farm as son Travis and his wife Karissa have recently become partners in the family corporation. With the future secure with the next generation, it is also a good bet that Monte and Laura will have time to complete the California leg of the Pacific Crest Trail.
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addition to the requirements of no hormone treatments and pesticide free feed. Trout Lake winters are the only time when Pearson’s cattle aren’t grazing. He rotates them through paddocks planted to his own mixture of orchardgrass, three types of clover and four other grasses. The pastures are irrigated from diverted water from the White Salmon River and Trout Lake Creek. It takes 20 to 22 days for the cattle to complete a rotation through the paddocks. Of the three main dairies, Mountain Laurel is the smallest with 150 cows. White Water Holsteins milk 250 cows and Mountain Meadow is the largest at 400 head. Pearson milks Jersey cows because of their size, efficiency and temperament. They produce higher milk fat, protein and other solids, which provide a premium that offsets their lower volume of production compared to Holsteins. Being smaller, they also cost less to maintain. And, says Pearson, “they are pretty.” Dairies in other parts of the country have a different feel than the dairies at Trout Lake. They are often mega-cow factories with a whole community of milkers to deal with the non-stop labor of a two or three-times a day milking schedule. You don’t get that industrial feeling at Trout Lake. The physical attributes of the valley and Mt. Adams exude a laid-back feeling that
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Early reports of good yields bode well for county Klickitat County is in the midst of a profitable wheat harvest that probably will mean more money in the local economy in the months to come. The reason: good prices and a good yield. Too often, following the law of supply and demand, abundance will mean a lower price. “We’ve had some of the best conditions you can get with wheat,” says Jeff Kaser, general manager of Mid-Columbia Producers. As for the price, soft white
wheat is now selling for above $7 a bushel. In a historical average, soft white brings in $4.75 a bushel at this stage of harvest. “We’ve had good prices last year and this year,” said Kaser. Wheat has been a global commodity for more than a century. What happens in the fields of Australia and the plains of Saskatchewan has a direct effect on prices paid grain growers in the MidColumbia. Also, the corn fields of
GOLD LIKE MONEY: A field of wheat near Centerville awaits harvest.Yields in the area look good, but stripe rust will take some of the profit.
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Department of Agriculture last week released its latest global commodity prices. The estimated harvest of wheat advanced slightly, but the coming harvest of corn declined to a greater amount. Because of the greater corn harvest decline, the price of wheat increased in sympathy. And there is sympathy within the wheat realm. Americans eat mostly hard red wheat, perfect for producing bread. However, Asians – from Japan to Iraq – eat noodles made from soft white wheat, which is grown in the Pacific Northwest. But a supply of hard red will affect the price for soft white. Meanwhile, more consumers in China are demanding more wheat. Demand is up, supply isn’t—at least to the same degree. Weather: Although wheat growers in the Mid-Columbia had plenty of moisture in our wet spring, weather has had a down side. Moisture can nurture a variety of “rust” diseases, actually fungus. Complicating control of rust were wet conditions of the fields. Some farmers couldn’t get onto the fields to spray fungicides, so they had See Crops, Page 15
from Page 14
to call in crop dusters, which are vastly more expensive than tractors. Lineup: Wheat is the thirdmost profitable crop in the state of Washington, after apples and milk. Klickitat County has a relatively modest stake in agriculture: Some $57 million produced by 893 farms in 2010. The biggest money here comes from grape and orchard products. Yakima County had $1.2 billion in agriculture products in 2010—much of that coming from high-value crops like fruit and grapes. This is the first harvest MidColumbia Producers, with a general office in Moro, Ore., has had operating grain elevators in Centerville and Goldendale. “We have an opportunity to identify the weaknesses and
strengths of each elevator, and we’ll play on the strengths next year,” said Kaser. Meanwhile, the Goldendale elevator is playing a dual role:
it is large enough to hold more than a single harvest, offering space to store wheat for what may be more lucrative prices in a few months.
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Welcome to Goldendale and the Klickitat County Fair & Rodeo
Have a great time at the fair!
Compost - giving a boost to your soil What’s one thing that most everyone can agree on when it comes to compost? It stinks. Well it may smell unpleasant, but it also does a lot of good things for the environment and for your wallet. Composting can reduce the amount of garbage you take out to the curb, and as a result, reduce the amount of waste in landfills. Using your homemade compost in your garden can also reduce the amount of water you use on your plants because of the newly-enriched soil’s great water retention. Best of all, composting is free! Around Klickitat County, good soil is hard to come by. Most is dry, clay-like and
nutrient-deficient. But composting provides even the novice of gardeners with some nutrient-rich soil without paying the high price. There are many different ways to go about composting. Some of the common methods are worm bins, a basic pile, and barrel bins. Doing a worm bin also raises bait for fishing; what a great bonus! Now that you’re all animated about setting up your own compost bin, here’s how to get started: What you’ll need (for a basic worm bin): • Container - can either be bought or made from a small plastic storage container by drilling aeration holes in the sides, any size. Lining the
inside of the storage container with a mesh material wouldn’t be a bad idea, either. • Pitch fork for turning - if you are using the small (15 gallon capacity, approximately) plastic storage container, you don’t need to have this because you can do the “turning” by shaking the bin. • Various types of waste materials - can be anything from shredded paper and straw, to grass clippings, coffee grounds and hair. Now that you’ve got the basics, here is some of the chemistry behind the dirt. Compost should be 40-60 percent water, so if you pick up a handful and squeeze it, it should feel like a wrung-out
SEE YOU AT THE 68TH ANNUAL KLICKITAT COUNTY FAIR & RODEO!
Call the Goldendale SUDDEN SERVICE TEAM
Located on East Broadway
See Compost, Page 17
YEAR IN THE MAKING: Tobiah Israel holds up a handful of compost that he started last year. He puts the compost under a pane of glass all day to “nuke” the bugs and eggs to create 100 percent compost.
Columbia Hills Memorial Chapel Ya’ all have a great time at the Klickitat County Fair & Rodeo 300 West Broadway Goldendale 509.773.4646
from Page 16
sponge. In order to achieve this balance of moisture, ensuring you add plenty of dry items as well as wet waste products is important. Cutting the waste materials (like kitchen scraps) into smaller pieces increases the surface area of those items and in turn, allows the organisms to break them down faster. Things you should put in compost: dry leaves, kitchen scraps, woody plant trimmings, coffee grounds and filters, straw, leafy plant trimmings, pine needles, grass clippings, sawdust, manure (from herbivores), paper products, feathers, fur, and hair (http://www.dummies. com/how-to/content/composting-for-dummies-cheatsheet.html). You don’t have to start with soil, just establish the pile with a few of the above materials. Things you shouldn’t put in compost: Meat, oil, dairy products, bones, ashes, insectinfested material, feces, and
seeds. In the summer, it may be necessary to spray a bit of water on the compost pile to keep the moisture level at its best. “Do not set it outside in freezing weather,” warned John Longfellow of Klickitat County Solid Waste. You’ll want to turn the pile every couple weeks to speedthe composting process. It may take just a few weeks for you to be able to use the soil, or it
EASY MIXING: Barrel type of composters make it easy to turn the pile.
could take a couple months, depending on what you use. The longer you wait, the better the soil is. When the soil is unrecognizable from what you originally put in the bin, it’s ready! Ready, set, compost! More information on the benefits of composting can be found on the Environmental Protection Agency’s website at http://www.epa.gov/osw/con serve/rrr/composting/benefits.htm. Klickitat County Solid Waste also has a lot of resources for composting, including step-by-step instructions on how to build a compost pile, and a compost mix calculator. They also list the pros and cons of each method of composting so that you can make an informed decision of what technique is best for you. http://www.klickitatcounty.or g/solidwaste/. Longfellow also does workshops on composting; if you get five or six people together and provide the place, he’ll bring the materials and make a presentation.
RANCHING HERITAGE: A number of events at the Klickitat County Fair showcase the working cowboy talents in the county. The Jack Davenport Memorial team penning, branding and cutting events and ranch sorting and team roping provide hours of entertainment in the rodeo arena. Ranch sorting starts on Wednesday evening at 7:30 p.m. The first round of penning and branding is Friday at 3 p.m. Team roping starts Saturday at 8:30 a.m. Ranch cutting starts at 7 p.m. on Saturday. Team penning and branding finals are Saturday starting at 8 p.m. followed by ranch sorting finals.
Enjoy the 2011 Klickitat County Fair & Rodeo!
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Check out the great 4-H projects this year at the Klickitat County Fair
Building a sustainable farm around livestock, produce, labor and entrepreneurial spirit Grazed on the native dryland hills and pastures of Lorena Butte in Klickitat County, Lefever-Holbrook natural spring lamb, beef and pork is free of added hormones and antibiotics. They grow their own alfalfa and when they do feed grain it is from local farmers. “We believe we have achieved a balance that protects the environment, promotes sustainable agriculture, practices humane treatment of food animals and supports our rural family,” says Paulette Lefever-Holbrook. “Our ranch is not an organic farm but a sustainable one.” The ranch also includes a variety of small animals; this year they are raising turkeys, ducks, rabbits and
chicken. “The biggest problems right now are coyotes because they are trying to get the lambs,’ says Lefever-Holbrook. “We are working with a new predator dog right now to see if we can fix the problem.” Lefever-Holbrook has more than 30 years experience in the food and livestock industry. Helping her with the varied and often entrepreneurial enterprises are her children, Madison (age 15) and Conor (age 11). Conor deals with the swine program and works with the turkeys. He also helps sell bread. Madison works with the sheep and bakes the artisan bread, which is sold door to door around town. Lefever-Holbrook guarantees tender, tasty and whole-
CHAMPION: Madison Holbrook showing one of the family raised lambs at the 2008 County Fair.
some products. Mobile ranch kitchens produce homemade
artisan breads, and provide locally sourced catering. The garden beds are slowly producing... cold weather has put them two to three weeks behind. Horseradish, shallots, garlic and French string beans will be ready this month. Raspberries are producing heavily right now. Bread is baked every week, Pre-orders are welcome for local delivery to homes. In addition to the Artisan bread, dark rye, whole wheat and sour dough is available in round loaves. Rosemary Flat bread, WW cinnamon rolls, “healthy heart muffins” and other specialty cakes and cookies are also sold. “We always tell our customers everything about our
68 ANNUAL KLICKITAT COUNTY FAIR TH
Dani Burton Ray Thayer Rick McComas Lori Hoctor B re n d a S o re n s e n David Sauter Rex Johnston R o b e r t D . We i s f i e l d Saundra Olson Darlene Johnson
meat before we sell it to them because it depends on the age of the animal when it was slaughtered, where it was slaughtered, and the time of the year it was slaughtered, as to how tender and tasty it is.” Everyone is invited to come and visit the ranch and be a guest in the rustic, retired wildfire lookout tower on the top of Lorena Butte. Their ranch goals include sharing their passion for agriculture with others and preserving the ranch lifestyle for future generations. To contact Lever-Holbrook for more information or to order product, call 773-3443 or email: papa_pklh@yahoo .com
August 25 through 28 Supported by these Elected County Officials
Make it a family affair!
Two distinguished wine areas in Klickitat County Klickitat County and its surrounding areas are unquestionably a national treasure and viticulturists think so, too. Pockets of old vineyards found near Bingen, suggest this is not a new conclusion. Today, hundreds of newer vineyard acres occupy the region. Flood-scoured plateau lands offer vineyard owners gravelly soils, long and sunny summer days, limited rainfall, and the temperature-moderating influence of updrafts from the nearby Columbia River Gorge. Delta lands of scenic rivers emptying into the Columbia River offer rich, silty soils, sloping landscapes, and the long summer days characteristic of this northern clime. Climate and terrain range
from conditions found in Germany to France's Burgundy and Italy's northern Rhone Valley and northwest Piedmont. From the cool, western end of the Gorge come delicate pinot noirs and chardonnays; moving eastward, warmerweather red grapes such as syrah, zinfandel, cabernets and barberas share the warmth with white Rieslings, Gewürztraminers and Viogniers. The diversity of wine grapes grown in this region are unlikely to be matched elsewhere is such a small stretch of land. In fact, so unusual is this growing area that vineyard and winery owners have been granted specific appelations by the Alcohol and
Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau. At the west half of the county, shared with Oregon is the Columbia Gorge American Viticulture Area, and at the eastern end of the county is the Horse Heaven Hills, applellation. You'll find wineries along Highway 14, as well as on I-84 on the Oregon side and in the plateau lands above that slope toward the vertical walls of the Gorge. You can be sure touring this region is the stuff of memorable journeys. Allow for plenty of "stopping time" along the way, beyond what time you plan to spend at specific wineries... you won't forget it! For more information, visit our source: www.winenw.com.
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HEAVY REDS: With good soil and idyllic natural conditions for grape growing, Klickitat County boasts more than two dozen wineries in its wine corridor. The region is known especially for its merlots, cabernets, and syrahs.
We wish everyone a wonderful time at the fair!
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2011 Klickitat County Fair Board PRESIDENT Chris Miller, Glenwood 1ST VICE-PRESIDENT
D ON’T MISS THE BARBEQUE!! Thursday, Aug. 25, 5 p.m. 2011 Klickitat County Fair Superintendents, Advisors and Committees
Juan Randall, Centerville
Robin Goodnight, Bickleton
SECRETARY Margaret Throop, Glenwood
Livestock Dave Whitmore, Bickleton Still Life Margaret Throop, Glenwood
TREASURER Shannon Crocker, Goldendale PAST PRESIDENT Darren Hoffman, Goldendale DIRECTORS Raylene Steinbach, Glenwood Paul Demchuck, White Salmon Kristin Chambers, Goldendale Lori Fakesch, Klickitat Tim Clever, Goldendale Karla Better, Goldendale FAIR OFFICE (509) 773-3559
KLICKITAT COUNTY FAIR & RODEO QUEEN Justine Partlow, Goldendale
The Goldendale Sentinel On our cover: Harvest time on the Clay Thompson place, circa 1910. Photo courtesy of Klickitat County Historical Society. The Goldendale Sentinel office is located at 117 W. Main St. in Goldendale, and may be reached at (509) 773-3777.
2011 HARVEST SECTION STAFF General Manager Karen Henslee Editorial and Design Lou Marzeles Andrew Christiansen Rebecca Gourley JoAnne Grogan Ad Sales and Design Heidi McCarty Heidi Anderson
ADVISORS County Extension Agent Susan Kerr, Goldendale FFA Advisor Terry Nickels, Goldendale
from Page 13
That Go Baa in the Night, Our Dog Was a Redneck But We Got Him Fixed, and Take The Kids Fishing, They’re Better Than Worms. Roger truly loved the outdoors: hunting at Roscoe Imrie’s, fishing in the Columbia, John Day and Klickitat Rivers, mushroom hunting, and huckleberry and blackberry picking. Roger and Connie had many great trips to the beach and around the U.S., selling books and seeing the countryside. Roger was a kid at heart, which made him a natural as a 4-H agent. Roger Pond will be missed in Klickitat County, but memories of Roger and the fair will last forever.
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FAIR COMMITTEES Rodeo Skip Mulrony Marty Hudson Rodeo Secretary Rita Rattray Queen Coordinator Chris Miller Grounds Entertainment Lori Fakesch Market Stock Sale Helen Rolfe Advertising Paul Demchuk Admissions Juan Randall Eva France Team Penning/Branding David Beyers Ranch Sorting Cookie Gregg Connie Kayser
County Team Roping Kristin Chambers Food/Commercial Booths Lori Anderson Sponsorships Kristin Chambers Barbecue Leslie Hiebert Javier Short Camping/Parking Larry and Robin Goodnight Parade Goldendale Jaycees Grand Marshall Craig Schuster Premium Book Margaret Throop Kay Carr Carnival Tim Clever
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—— AIMS & GOALS OF THE KLICKITAT COUNTY FAIR ——
1. The goal of the Klickitat County Fair Board shall be to promote, develop, exhibit and improve the wholesome values of agriculture, livestock production, business, industry and homelife of the people of Klickitat County. 2. To furnish education and training opportunities in such areas as demonstrations, contests, and judging and to help with the building of good fellowship, good sportsmanship and good citizenship of young and old. 3. To encourage everyone in the area to attend and participate in their County Fair. 4. To provide a good quality and variety of entertainment for the whole family. 5. To give rural organizations,
our youth and adult citizens an opportunity to exhibit in friendly competition. 6. To raise revenues for the County Fair’s operation and to use these revenues to help improve the quality of our fair. 7. To develop sound short and long range plans for the Fair’s future growth. 8. To protect the exhibits and facilities from damage and to provide for the safety of the exhibitor and the general public attending the County Fair. 9. To provide a place where all people from all walks of life can gather at one time in a spirit of joy and brotherhood.
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Harvest 2011 Fun times from the 2010 Fair
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Cool, wet weather leads to stripe rust explosion Regardless of how good the yields might prove to be this year, the net profit for wheat farmers could be lower than last year due to stripe rust. Most acres in the county and perhaps the state were treated with fungicide at a cost of $8 to $12 per acre. An exception might be the Bickleton area,
which seemed to have a less severe outbreak. According to WSU plant pathologist, Xianming Chen, “this is the biggest epidemic in the Pacific Northwest probably since 1981, bigger and more severe than 2005 and 2010.” According to Chen, the scale of fungicide application is the
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widest since 1981. Stripe rust is endemic to Washington due to weather conditions that favor pathogen survival and the fact spring and winter wheat is grown here. This year things were worse because the rust got an early start last fall and took off through the cool, wet spring. It was not uncommon for people to treat their crop twice. Helping fuel the desire to apply fungicides is the relatively low cost of the fungicide Tilt and the high prices paid for wheat. According to Chen, you can justify the treatment on economics with just one or two bushels saved. Chen cites correspondence he received from a Horse Heaven Hills
ORANGE FIELDS: Weather induced an outbreak of stripe rust, a fungal disease, throughout Washington in 2011.
farmer who treated a field with a ground rig in early
Dust off your boots & get ready for the 2011 Klickitat County Fair & Rodeo "Courage is being scared to death - and saddling up anyway." John Wayne
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April. He hadn’t noticed that the tank went dry and left a skipped area in the field. By mid-May, the skip was obvious and the skipped area was treated. The whole field was treated again on May 30. The farmer reported that his yield monitor indicated a loss of 13 bushels per acre due to the skipped treatment (32 bu/ac vs 45 bu/ac). Today’s farmers have tools to help them fight the fungal disease. Chen runs prediction models to help farmers know of the potential for flare-ups and, indeed, his modeling predicted this year’s problems. Chen’s alerts helped growers keep on top of the disease and time treatments for best effect. A lot of dollars were saved for those who heeded the warning and treated early. The Horse Heaven Hills farmer credited his saved yield to Chen’s alerts. There are also plant genetics helping farmers as most cultivars have some level of resistance. It is enough protection during most years, but in years like 2011, it isn’t nearly enough. Chen says the losses this year without resistant See Rust, Page 23
Helping hands give gardens to west side neighborhood Thanks to the helping hands and generosity of Father’s House Fellowship Hall, Goldendale grew its second community garden this year. Members of the Healthy People Alliance, David Blomeley and Alysa Haas, and Angie Kayley who works at the Klickitat County Health
Department had a vision to provide a free place for people in the west side of Goldendale to grow their own fresh produce. Their vision soon became reality, giving Goldendale another community garden to go with the one near the Goldendale swimming pool. “It’s truly a community gar-
from Page 22
varieties and fungicide treatment would have been as high as 70 percent. As it is, Chen estimates Pacific Northwest losses in yield will be about five percent plus cost of treatment. Plant breeders are working to improve the resistance to stripe rust and other cereal grain diseases. It means a lot to wheat growers. Since rust is endemic to the northwest, it is just a matter of time that the right weather triggers another epidemic year.
DIRTY WORK: A crew shovels out a load of manure for the gardens.
den,” says Kayley. “The wood to build the boxes came from someone in the neighborhood that was tearing down a garage; someone else donated some rich compost soil; someone donated plants from their own greenhouse and seed; and yet another person donated deer fencing. There were many volunteers that helped with carpentry and a lot of the back breaking labor. The initial plan was for four to eight 4X4 raised beds but in the end there were 12.” Kayley says, “Father’s House Fellowship has such a heart for the community and we’ve been blessed not only with such a great building but the huge lot it sits on. Haas says, “I think what
CONTAINER GARDENS: Twelve boxed container gardens were prepared at Father’s House.
Angie and the church are doing for the community is ground-breaking, no pun intended. Our community needs this garden for so many
reasons, from nutrition promotion to community building to economic development. Gardeners can sell their extra produce at the Farmer’s Market if they want to.” Plants are said to be ready in a couple of weeks for a fall planting of some of the cooler weather crops. If anyone in the neighborhood is interested in securing a box for a fall planting or to get their name on the list for next spring, call Father’s House at 773-4719.
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Espresso Drinks, Iced Drinks, Bagels, Muffins, and more Come in, sit down, and use our free Wi-Fi STRIPE RUST: The long row of pustules are typical of stripe rust.
Have fun at the Klickitat County Fair and Rodeo
Mon. – Fri. 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. 120 W. Main St. • Goldendale, WA 98620 509-773-3030 • firstname.lastname@example.org
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