Volum Volume me 7 72, 2, Issue Issue 1 10 0 Nov. Nov. 3–9, 3–9, 2011 2011
Scaling the fiscal fence p. 5
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Mercedes Mueller | email@example.com | (613) 562-5261
It’s not ‘us’ versus ‘them’ Re: “Can I get a side of English, please? (Opinions, Oct. 13)
SOMEHOW A SINGLE article has sparked a “war of languages.” That’s the real disappointment of this whole ordeal—how quickly our campus can be divided into “us” and “them.” I believe the intent of the article was to draw attention to the failures of our university to hold up its boasted bilingual standard. Instead of calling each other out, we should direct our attention to what improvements need to be made at this school: Courses offered in both languages, professors who are fluent in the language offered for the course, and yes, signage. Finger pointing and generalizations are easy, but it is very unfair to dismiss others as lazy or ignorant without knowing their personal hardships. I grew up with very little exposure to French, and I know that, due to circumstance, others have had limited exposure to English. It is not always possible to squeeze those extra language classes into your course schedule. We mustn’t wallow in self-pity or frustration. We must carry on seeking changes while making the best of our situation. Heidi Vandenbroeke Third/fourth-year science student Reason over social justice Re: “U.K.’s new blood donation policy isn’t progressive enough” (Opinions, Nov. 3) LAST WEEK’S COLUMN by Camille Chacra, titled “U.K’s new blood donation policy isn’t progressive enough,” was an embarrassing display of what happens when an unreasonable adherence to political correctness and popular “social justice” causes becomes the foundation from which conclusions on complex issues are formed. Specifically, it addressed the United Kingdom’s Health Department’s—and by extension, Canadian Blood Services’ (CBS)—partial and complete bans on blood donations from men who have sex with men (MSM). These bans were derided as “ignorant” (by virtue of being neither “progressive” nor “tolerant,” I suppose), “flagrant discrimination,” and, of course, a deprivation of “the fundamental right to donate clean blood.” It is not CBS’s (or the U.K.’s Health Department’s) mission to be “progressive” or “tolerant,” but rather “to manage the blood and blood products supply for Canadians” while maintaining a commitment to “blood safety.” Contrary to the author’s unqualified assertion that “health systems are [now] able to thoroughly screen blood,” a significant safety risk still remains. Advances in
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blood-testing methods have reduced the time period between initial infection of hepatitis B, HIV-1, or West Nile virus, and detection, but there still remains a “window period” during which even Nucleic Acid Amplification Testing is unable to detect an infection. CBS, limited by time and resource constraints from conducting extensive individual risk assessments, relies on a screening questionnaire to quickly categorize potential donors into high- and low-risk groups. And, according to the Public Health Agency of Canada, MSM as a group are by far the highest risk group with regard to HIV infections—making up over half of the country’s infected population, despite making up only 1.3 per cent of the total population as of 2003. Though the author employs the lazy and tired tactic standard among “progressive” activists in labeling every desired good or activity a human right—“the fundamental right to donate clean blood”— this is neither philosophically nor legally the case. In September 2010, an Ontario Superior Court of Justice decision upheld the CBS ban on donations from MSM, stating explicitly that donating blood is not a constitutional right. “It is based on health and safety considerations; namely, the prevalence of HIV-AIDS and other blood-borne, sexually transmitted pathogens in the [MSM] populations, and the corresponding risk this creates for the safety of the blood supply system,” the judge ruled. The court also noted that the Charter of Rights does not apply to the blood agency’s policies, as it is not a government entity. Five minutes of research and a minimal commitment to critical thought would have brought this to the author’s attention. I demand better. Chris Spoke Third-year economics and public policy student Invitation for dialogue? Re: “Invitation for dialogue” (Letters, Nov. 3)
I READ THE letter submitted by the president of the University of Ottawa Students for Life with great interest. It announced their intention to host a debate on abortion with respect to its morality and legality in Canada. I am always interested in hearing debates and I hope I will find time to attend. That having been said, Ms. Stephenson indicated that her organization has consistently had difficulty finding a pro-choice representative for the debate. Perhaps this is because of how she frames the debate: “If you truly believe that abortion should be allowed at any point in pregnancy for
Board of Directors The Fulcrum, the University of Ottawa’s independent, English-language student newspaper, is published by the Fulcrum Publishing Society (FPS) Inc., a notfor-profit corporation whose members consist of all University of Ottawa students. The Board of Directors (BOD) of the FPS governs all administrative and business actions of the Fulcrum. BOD members include Andrew Hawley (President), Devanne O’Brien (Vice President), Des Fisher (Chair), Ben Myers (Vice President Internal Communications), Matthew Conley, Alex Smyth, and Sameena Topan.
any reason, and that it’s not a problem that one in four unborn children will be aborted, I encourage you to contact us.” This pigeonholes the pro-choice representative into a rigid and uncompromising position before the debate has even started. Meanwhile, the pro-life representative is left with the freedom to use nuance to address complexity. Abortion is a nuanced issue. It is not surprising that there would be a general reluctance to enter a debate that has every indication of being fixed from the start. In her framing of the debate, I fear Ms. Stephenson and the University of Ottawa Students for Life may have compromised the assumption that their organization set the event in good faith. Shan Leung Third-year biology student
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contents News 5 | Arts 9 | Features 12 | Sports 15 | Opinions 21 | Editorial 23
Ottawa home to seven billionth baby 7
Consent is Sexy Week THE WOMEN’S RESOURCE Centre’s Consent is Sexy Week (CSW) is happening again this school year from Nov. 14– 18, and all events are free, open to students and community members, and, unless otherwise indicated, completely bilingual! This week is all about opening up the discussion around how fostering consensual relationships is an integral aspect of ending sexual violence. CSW is centred on workshops that explore everything from basic Consent 101, to negotiating consent and boundaries in our relationships, and concluding with a workshop on how to support a friend—with all sorts of other exciting and fun things in between. This week strives to create spaces where students can gain a broader understanding of how consent narratives, sex-positivity, and challenging rape culture all come together as a means of ending sexual violence. CSW is meant to be a drop-in and accessible week where students from all backgrounds can attend workshops with the aim of leaving each one with tangible steps we can each take to creatively and actively foster consensual relationships, whether sexual or not. So whether you are into attending workshop-style events, making a ‘zine about resisting sexual violence in our communities, or just want to stop by for our informal brunch on the Friday, CSW has something for everyone on our campus. Search for the event page on Facebook under: “Consent is Sexy Week! Semaine «Le consentement, c’est sexy!»” Look forward to seeing lots of you at our upcoming week of events! The Women’s Resource Centre Collective JoAnne, Josee, Laetitia, and Quinn
Birth raises overpopulation concerns
And the award for most dedicated Fulcrumite goes to...
A story from the blacklisted and banned
Environmentalist and artist Franke James speaks to the Fulcrum
Darren Sharp Shacking up
For your fantastic video skills and juggling abilities. Through lectures and essays, midterms and readings —we can count on you!
12–13 What happens when students decide to move in with their lovers?
Exiting the field
Asselin talks about the football team’s off-season
All for inequality 21 Why capitalism can be your friend
I’m broke. The system’s broke. Let’s fix it
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Reworking student loan repayment in Canada
NEWS EDITOR Jane Lytvynenko | firstname.lastname@example.org | (613) 562-5260
Scaling the wall of debt Would dropping tuition fees benefit students? Jane Lytvynenko | Fulcrum Staff
RECENTLY, THE STUDENT Federation of the University of Ottawa (SFUO) erected a “Wall of Debt” to bring awareness to high tuition fees and skyrocketing student debt—issues some experts challenge in their research. The rising cost of education According to the Canadian Federation of Students (CFS), students owe the federal government over $15 billion in loans, a number growing rapidly. “We’re in a situation right now in Canada where the average student, upon graduation, owes $25,000,” said CFS chair Roxanne Dubois. “It’s a huge burden to put on today’s youth.” That number is consistent with a report released by the Canadian Council on Learning (CCL) in September 2010, which states, “Between 1990 and 2000, the average debt for a university graduate more than doubled.” Tuition rates are still going up—in the past year, tuition fees increased in every province and territory except Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. “Tuition fees in Canada have increased over four times the rate of inflation in the country,” said Dubois. Liz Kessler, SFUO vp university affairs, said tuition is going up because of a lack of government involvement in the problem. “The amount of funding the government is putting toward tuition fees goes down, and [universities] have to raise tuition fees to make up for the fact,” said Kessler. “That’s why students are in debt.” Combating tuition fees A national graduate survey done by Statistics Canada states, “Among graduates in 2005 who did not pursue further education, about half financed their post-secondary education without taking on any education-related loans.” The report done by the CCL adds, “Graduates of [post-secondary education] who have accumulated large debtloads (more than $20,000) were less likely to own their homes or to have saved for
retirement than graduates who were debtfree,” indicating reliance on loans to pay for schooling is not ideal for students. According to Dubois, in order to increase access to education, tuition fees should be lowered, a message reflected in CFS’s Education is a Right campaign. “When we have a system that requires students to pay upfront to have access to it, it means students have to be able to find resources to go to school,” she said. “If they’re not able to, they have to take on loans and they have to get into debt.” Alternative perspectives on dropping fees Alex Usher, president of Higher Education Strategy Associates, an organization that devises tactics to help improve post-graduate education, compared student debt levels across eight countries in a report published in 2005. He found student debt in Canada is higher in comparison to countries like New Zealand and Australia, but argues it is not excessive. “If you make student loans easy to get, people are going to borrow,” said Usher. “We have higher than average costs—by no means the highest—and relatively loose rules about who gets to borrow. “I can certainly see the argument for increasing the amount of grants you give to low-income students. I can’t see the argument for lowering tuition,” he added. Ross Finnie, associate professor of the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, agreed with Usher’s argument. “[Post-secondary education] does appear affordable to those who want to go,” said Finnie. “There are very few who cite not being able to go as a barrier.”
“We’re no longer in a period where pursuing postsecondary education is an option.” —Roxanne Dubois, CFS chair
Both Usher and Finnie argued there is little evidence demonstrating decreasing tuition fees will increase access to education. According to Finnie, though the average amount of graduate debt does run past the $20,000 mark, it’s still manageable. “It sounds like a lot, but in a lifetime perspective it’s not very much, especially considering the benefits of having a higher education—including financial ones,” said Finnie.
infographic by Jessie Willms
The Statistics Canada survey confirms Finnie’s argument, showing earnings, on average, increase according to level of study. According to the survey, most post-secondary graduates with education related debt were able to pay it off within two years. Finnie explained there are resources available for those having trouble managing their debt after graduation, like the federal government’s Repayment Assistance Plan. “One thing students probably don’t understand as much as they could or should is there are some really good programs in place for those students who are having difficulty with their loans in the postschooling period,” said Finnie. “A portion of the loans can be forgiven at the time. There’s lots of assistance in place—it’s just not very well advertised.” Quality of education Though tuition fees are likely to be going up, both Usher and Finnie said they shouldn’t be frozen or reduced—doing so could cause education quality to plummet. Finnie cited the example of Quebec, where tuition fees are among the lowest in the country. “If you take tuition fees away, it could have a negative effect on the quality of the system,” Finnie said. “That’s one of the arguments made in Quebec: The fees are so low it basically starves the post-secondary education system.”
Finnie said the post-secondary enrolment rate in Quebec is among the lowest in Canada. “Are [students] getting the quality that they should have and what they should expect given the fees they pay?,” he said. “I don’t think that’s been given enough attention over time and I think that’s where students should be focused. After all, do you really want the cheapest product or do you want a good quality product at a reasonable price?” Increasing accessibility There is a growing need for high-quality post-secondary education. According to Dubois, 70 per cent of newly posted jobs require a post-secondary diploma. “We’re no longer in a period where pursuing post-secondary education is an option,” she said. “It’s necessary for students because we need to gain the skills and knowledge needed for the jobs.” Finnie, whose research focuses on accessibility to education, said lack of finances isn’t the reason behind individuals deciding against post-secondary education—cultural factors are. “Individuals who grow up in families where post-secondary education is valued, they go,” explained Finnie. “If they don’t have that, they tend not to go. That’s got little to do with family income or fee structures.” Finnie recommended going into high schools and tackling what he calls “cul-
tural barriers” to encourage more students to keep studying. “To truly improve opportunities for access, we need to attack those barriers,” said Finnie. “That means getting in the high schools and increasing students’ awareness of the benefits of post-secondary education.” Dubois, on the other hand, suggested implementing a national plan for postsecondary education similar to the health care plan currently in place. “There’s a huge disparity between provinces,” she said. “We don’t have a national vision or national strategy for post-secondary education. What we’re calling for is a national vision in the form of a postsecondary education act that would have a dedicated transfer payment. This money would have to be spent [by the provinces] in some specific way, which would reduce tuition fees.” So, do we drop fees? Although lowering tuition fees sounds like a be-all, end-all solution, Finnie and Usher agreed it wouldn’t solve problems with debt and accessibility to post-secondary education. “If you look at almost all the data, Canada’s relative rates of access … are very, very good,” said Usher. “If by lowering prices you increase access at the bottom end by two or three per cent, what you’re really saying is that 97 or 98 per cent would have gone anyway. So why would you bother?” f
6 | news
thefulcrum.ca | Nov. 10–16, 2011
Ottawa on the Move
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U-Pass to cost students $70 more
Mayor Jim Watson discusses the city’s 2012 budget
answers from p. 19
THE CITY OF Ottawa’s draft budget, released on Oct. 26, will take on necessary infrastructure improvements, said Ottawa mayor Jim Watson. The project, titled Ottawa on the Move, provides over $340 million in funding, providing the city with better roads, sidewalks, and bike paths. The city will also see changes in OC Transpo fares and services. “First of all, [the infrastructure improvements are] needed,” said Watson about the Ottawa on the Move project in an interview with the Fulcrum. “Secondly, we want to get this work out of the way before we begin work on light
rail, which will disrupt the city. We don’t want to have them both come at the same time. And third, we want to make sure the city is not a construction zone for 2017, which is the 150th anniversary of Confederation.” To pay for the projects, the draft budget proposes a property tax increase of 2.39 per cent, in line with Watson’s campaign promise to keep tax increases under 2.5 per cent. The city will also be taking money out of reserves to pay for the infrastructure projects. “Our reserves are going to be higher at the end of next year than they were in the beginning of the year,” said Watson. “If we speed up some of these projects, we will actually be saving about $12.5 million because it’s cheaper to borrow now than to prolong the construction over time for a higher inflation rate.” Other changes include price increases for OC Transpo. Fares are expected to go up by 2.5 per cent, while University of Ottawa and Carleton University students will have to vote in a U-Pass referendum to decide whether to continue the program despite a $70 increase in its price. “The price is still a deep discount from what [the students] would normally pay,” said Watson. “It’s not as
deep as what they’ve been used to, but the agreement all the student leaders signed said it would be revenue-neutral. Our staff went back, calculating the price for revenue neutrality, and that’s the price that will go forward on the referendum.” Watson said there are other changes students should be aware of. The budget allocates $12 million to improve existing and build new bike paths, 75 new busses will be added to the OC Transpo’s fleet to accommodate higher ridership, and the price of the city’s recreational programs will be frozen. “Recreational fee freezes are important,” said Watson. “Many [U of O] students use the Sandy Hill [Community Centre] and other recreational centres in the vicinity, so freezing those fees keeps it more affordable.” Watson said it’s his fi rst time collaborating with city management on the document and he appreciates the experience. “In the past, it was a city staff-driven document,” he said. “Now I’ve got some skin in the game because the city manager and I co-present the budget.” “It’s pretty much a stable, predictable budget that I believe will serve the city well,” Watson added. f
THE OCCUPY MOVEMENT has spread across the world since September, fighting for “the 99 per cent.” But two months later, the grassroots movement strayed off course with reports of drug overdoses and hippie love fests in the tent cities. A few weeks ago, I wrote a column encouraging readers to show their support for Occupy, but now I’m not so sure. The Vancouver tent city, for example, is being shut down after a 20-year-old woman was found dead from drug overdose. Occupy Ottawa has also lost supporters, some because of reports of sexual assault in the
camps. What is going on? Why are the protesters challenging corporate greed failing to challenge drug addiction, sexual assault, and lack of safety? Do they really represent the 99 per cent? I think it’s time for protesters to fi nd a focus or go home. With over two months of not making concrete demands, maybe the protesters should start working on their list, even if it’s extensive and excruciating to write. Without a purpose or direction, many are following the sex, drugs, and rock ‘n’
roll route, much like the hippie protests during the Vietnam War in the ‘60s and ‘70s. Others are jumping on the bandwagon out of boredom. Someone needs to remind occupiers why they’re protesting in the first place. In theory, the Occupy movement seems like a valid concept, specifically in the United States. But the newspaper reports of chaos in tent cities doesn’t just undermine the message—it shreds it into pieces. In just a few weeks, I changed my mind from supporting Occupy to wanting the tents down and the parks scrubbed
clean—and I’m sure I’m not alone. If the 99 per cent represents physical, sexual, and drug abuse, I’m OK with being the one per cent. The protesters don’t represent the group they claim to. If occupiers need to go home and stand under a hot shower for an hour to come back to reality, they should just disband the camps now and return when they know what they really want.
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Jane Lytvynenko | Fulcrum Staff
next stop Jane Lytvynenko News Editor
Sex, drugs, occupy
illustration by Julia Pancova
OC TRANSPO INCREASES PRICES
firstname.lastname@example.org (613) 562-5260
thefulcrum.ca | Nov. 10–16, 2011
news | 7
Kofi Annan and Llyod Axworthy at the U of O Panel discussion on Libya’s liberation, R2P Katherine DeClerq
ON NOV. 4, students piled into Desmarais to listen to a panel discussion on the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), which included former United Nations (UN) secretary general Kofi Annan, former Canadian foreign affairs minister Lloyd Axworthy, and Conservative parliamentarian and first Canadian ambassador of Afghanistan, Chris Alexander. Moderated by BBC foreign correspondent and Canadian native Lyse Doucet, the panel discussed this key concept in international relations. The panel, hosted by the Centre for International Policy Studies and the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, honoured the 10th anniversary of the Responsibility to Protect principle, born from the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) that was established by the Canadian government in 2000. Following the genocide in Rwanda and the international community’s failure to intervene, the commission sought to determine when a country should override the sovereignty of another for the sake of protecting its populations. In 2001, the commission released its report, The Responsibility to Protect. Since its reception at the 2005 World Summit, the principle has been a guideline for military and humanitarian intervention. R2P focuses on the prevention of four major crimes: Genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing,
photo by Mico Mazza
A CALL TO ACTION Kofi Annan discusses R2P in a panel held at U of O and crimes against humanity. Crime prevention was the focus of the discussion—with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) intervention in Libya, how can the success of the Responsibility to Protect be judged? The discussion began with the origins of the R2P, with Annan describing it as his personal journey. “I was involved in Somalia, Rwanda … and Kosovo,” he said. “All were brutal, and that was where I felt the international community should do something. Kosovo wasn’t going to be the last.” Annan explained how difficult it was to get the international community to act in these instances, saying although the UN is not a pacifist organization, they take the use of force very seriously. That’s why it was important when Axworthy created ICISS and coined the term the “Responsibility to Protect.”
“The breakdown of the Cold War left a vacuum in the war,” Axworthy said in his introduction. “This paradigm we had lived didn’t exist. It was moving away from classic human rights. Group rights had to be recognized. If the state didn’t, who would?” Both Axworthy and Annan said the adoption of the R2P principle does not focus exclusively on conflict, but includes natural disasters and famine. They both agreed the role of R2P is still in its developing stages. “As we move forward, I think the jury is still out,” said Annan about R2P’s progress. “How we describe R2P will depend on the next year or so.” Alexander discussed the idea of legitimate intervention through an organization other than the United Nations, much like NATO under Canadian command in Libya. “The legitimacy of our intervention was
strong, as citizen casualties were low,” he explained. “We were acting under the UN mandate … and even in the final chapters, there were civilians in danger. If we didn’t finish there would have been a bloodbath.” While Annan and Axworthy agreed the original intervention was the right thing to do, Annan questioned whether it was right to get involved in the civil war afterward. Axworthy added he didn’t like the idea of NATO taking military control over such situations and spoke about the UN needing their own resources to respond to crises quickly. Doucet put forth the controversial topic of R2P holding double standards during her introduction, mentioning the willingness to intervene in some countries but not others. “I was in Libya when Tripoli oli fell,” she said. “What did we hear on the streets?
‘Freedom … Thank you.’ I was in Syria in October and what did I hear? ‘Where is the world? Where is the world for us?’” “We live in a messy world,” explained Annan. “We don’t have the military capacity to intervene everywhere. We are always going to be accused of double standards, but we are doing what we can.” Annan and Axworthy stood side by side with their principles of cost analysis, ensuring if there’s intervention in a conflict, it won’t make the situation worse for citizens. If a decision to intervene is made, it has to be done through the UN to ensure there is a leader and a process to follow. “I believe we have made progress, but still have a long way to go,” said Annan at the end of his speech. “What is important is that we have put human life in the centre. We are in this together. We should speak up, we should resist.” f
Ottawa claims planet’s seven billionth child A world more crowded Christopher Radojewski | Fulcrum Staff
CAIDEN LEWIS MCCRINDLE, whom the Ottawa Citizen declared the world’s seven billionth baby, was born Oct. 31 at 8:32 a.m. at the Queensway Carleton Hospital. England, India, and the Philippines also claimed the birth of the world’s seven billionth child, based on a projection by the United Nations’ population council that the world’s population will reach seven billion on Oct. 31. “[The Ottawa Citizen] determined, when they heard that the seven billionth baby was due to be born on Monday, why not have it here in Canada and in Ottawa,”
said Judy Brown, director of communications and patient relations at Queensway Carleton Hospital. “Any birth in the child care centre is special, and this just made the occasion even more so for both the family and our staff.” Although it’s not possible to determine the exact moment the world’s population will reach seven billion, the level is a milestone for humankind. Many of the claims arose because of the release of the 2011 Human Development Index Report. The yearly report, published by United Nations Development Program, touches on issues of sustainability and suggests local, national, and global policies to combat it. “When I read that the seven billionth child had been born, [I thought], ‘Who knows?’ It is very difficult to determine,” said Nipa Banderjee, professor of international development and global studies
at the U of O. “The Human Development Index Report came up a few days ago and sometimes there were differences between what the Human Development Report writers find and the government’s views.” The six-billionth-person benchmark was broken in October 1999. At that time, the UN estimated that this century would have a slower growth rate comparatively to last century because of aging populations and lower fertility rates. Tenth years ago, the UN projected the world would hit 10 billion people by 2200. The Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs revised their estimates in 2010. These figures explained that Asia’s population would rise one billion by 2052. Africa remains the continent with the fastest growth at over two per cent each year. Regardless of which child broke the
benchmark, the seven billion baby’s birth raises awareness of overpopulation. ion. “What [the birth] definitelyy implies is that the population of the world d is increasing and there are two problemss with that,” said Banderjee. “One, it is in the way of poverty reduction in developing ng countries mainly. If you have two children, n, you definitely will be able to provide for or them better than if you have 10 children. Control C l of population and family planning is very important.” “The second thing is that, from an environmental point of view, the world has only so many resources,” Banderjee added. “When the population increases, there is stress on the resources and the environment. The environment is very much linked to development.” The UN explains that as life expectancy lengthens and fertility rates increase in
some countries, the populace la will al tion W a continuously n Ti increase to unby n io t sustainable levels. rt a s illu The consequences of overpopulation, l i such h as risks i k to the sustainability of resources and the environment, are experienced more so in Africa and Asia than Canada. Though Caiden may not know yet that he has been chosen as the world’s seven billionth person, he has been quite busy with baby business and was not available for comment. “Caiden is doing fine,” said Brown on his behalf. “He is at home with his older sister and brother, and all are doing well.” f
8 | news
thefulcrum.ca | Nov. 10–16, 2011
Ottawa sorority raises money to combat disease
University of Manitoba president apologizes WINNIPEG (CUP)—UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA president David Barnard made history on Oct. 27 by issuing an apology for the university’s indirect role in the residential schools system before the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Halifax. Barnard is the first university president to formally apologize for perpetuating the system. His emotional words were directed at the university’s Aboriginal students and staff for failing to recognize and challenge the abusive system and for educating individuals who carried out policies aimed at the assimilation of Aboriginal peoples in Manitoba, causing the loss of Aboriginal language, culture, and traditions. Survivors of the residential school system, along with students at the university, reacted well to the apology, and are encouraged by Barnard’s promise to ensure the values of “First Nations, Métis, and Inuit cultures and communities are included in scholarship and research across the university.” —Sarah Petz, the Manitoban High STI rates force universities into action FREDERICTON (CUP)—AS SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED infection rates soar across the country, university campuses—perceived hotbeds of sexual activity— are becoming prime locations to contract an infection. The highest rates and increases of all STIs are among people between the ages of 15 and 24, and that demographic’s national average for chlamydia and syphilis has nearly doubled in the past 20 years. Over 80 per cent of reported chlamydia cases are found in adults less than 30 years old, according to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), with the peak demographic for both men and women being 20 to 24 years of age. Much like the PHAC, universities are now forced back to the drawing board to devise new initiatives to engage and inform students as the latest results reveal traditional methods are not working. Sylwia Gomes, spokeswoman for the PHAC, said the agency is “working closely with provincial and territorial partners to monitor trends in STIs and to develop and disseminate tools for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infections.” —Colin McPhail, CUP Atlantic Bureau Chief Feds slash funding for University of the Arctic VANCOUVER (CUP)—THIS YEAR HAS brought two important pieces of news for the University of the Arctic (UArctic). First, the network of universities, colleges, and other institutions from around the circumpolar world aimed at furthering teaching in the Arctic region celebrated a decade of existence in 2011. Second, the federal government recently slashed UArctic’s funding by 75 per cent. More than 30 Canadian institutions across the country are members of UArctic, including Yukon College, the University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), Vancouver Island University, and the University of Saskatchewan. About half of all UArctic students are Canadian. The cuts—which will see funding drop from $700,000 to $150,000—mean that UArctic will have to scale back initiatives such as its circumpolar studies program and north2north, which provides exchanges between member institutions. —Arshy Mann, CUP Western Bureau Chief Students don’t want to fly VANCOUVER (CUP)—WITH UNEMPLOYMENT FOR young people in Canada at record highs, there’s at least one field that is in dire need of new entrants: Aviation. With baby boomers retiring and increased demand from the developing world, over 97,000 pilots will be needed in Canada and the United States alone over the next two decades. Despite the need, Marion Harris, the student services coordinator at Coastal Pacific Aviation, which works with the University of the Fraser Valley (UFV) to offer a bachelor’s of business administration (BBA) in aviation, said the number of students training to hit the skies is dropping. UFV’s BBA in aviation is one of a handful of programs in Canada that allow students to gain a commercial pilot’s license concurrently with a bachelor’s degree. “We’re certainly not running at capacity by any stretch,” she said, adding there are currently 55 students enrolled in the program. “We could take on again as many students as we have right now ... But again, there [are] big things holding students back.” The biggest setback is money—UFV’s four-year aviation degree costs approximately $95,000. Harris said student loans in British Columbia cover less than half of the costs for the program. —Arshy Mann, CUP Western Bureau Chief
Pieing lupus in the face Christopher Radojewski | Fulcrum Staff
SIGMA PSI ALPHA (SPA), a sorority based in Ottawa, has set Nov. 27 as the date when students, friends, and community members can pie sisters in the face to raise money for the Lupus Foundation of Ontario (LFO). The sorority supports the LFO and brings awareness to the common disease, all because of a personal connection to their organization. “Sigma Psi Alpha is a sorority that was created in 2004 by 11 women, two of [whose] mothers suffered from lupus,” said Nicolette Addesa, philanthropy
chair for SPA. “We support the Lupus Foundation because of those women and because lupus is an autoimmune disease that mainly affects young women.” SPA sisters hope the event, titled “Pie a Sigma Psi,” will build on last year’s success, which saw the sorority raise $750 for the LFO. “We rented out the whole top section [of Father and Sons] and people can basically throw pies in one of the sisters’ faces,” said Addesa. “It is $3 to throw one pie or $5 to smash a pie. It is a fun way to raise money for the Lupus Foundation. We have had some sponsors such as Loblaws and [Food Services], who donated whipped cream for the event.” Lupus is an autoimmune disease that affects roughly one in every 1,000 Canadians. LFO, with national and provincial lupus foundations across Canada, has
oi h ot
worked to raise awareness and funds to support those with the disease. “We began [LFO] over 40 years ago,” said Kathy Crowhurst, office manager for the LFO. “At that time, nobody had heard of lupus. A [lupus sufferer took out a] newspaper ad and founded this organization, [starting] with a bingo fundraiser at that time [in her local] town. The funds [were] used as seed money for other [lupus] organizations across Canada.” “Students, friends of students, and anyone who is in the Ottawa region on Nov. 27 are welcome to come and throw a pie,” said Addesa. “We will have tons of posters and pamphlets, and if anyone has any questions about lupus, they can come see us.” f Pie a Sigma Psi is Nov. 27, at 9 p.m. at Father and Sons. No registration is required.
‘Tampon tossers’ REBECCA CRIMMINS, AN aspiring Australian model, and several co-workers were picking up McDonald’s from the drive-thru when Crimmins decided to play a joke on the attendant, earning her a criminal record. After asking, “Oh, what’s this on my fries?” Crimmins took a wet tampon dipped in lime cordial mix and dabbed it on the employee’s hand. The victim, Luke Clareburt, ran to the sink to wash his hands, while Crimmins threw the tampon, splattering its contents on a
fridge in the McDonald’s kitchen. Crimmins, who admits to being drunk at the time of the incident, was sentenced by an Australian court to community service for common assault. She believes the incident ruined her career—Crimmins said she lost her modelling job and damaged her professional reputation. “In my defence, the media have blown the whole ‘tampon’ incident way out of proportion,” wrote Crimmins on Facebook after the incident. “If it were not for a defamatory and untrue newspaper article
that was written none of this exposure would have come about… Wowza the media really do twist the truth!!” “[Crimmins] deserves everything she gets. She’s got no one to blame but herself,” said Clareburt to the Huffington Post about the incident. Crimmins still believes the joke was all in good fun. She said all of her friends found the incident hilarious, and “[her] parents have been answering the phone saying, ‘Hello, tampon tossers.’” —Andrew Ikeman
ARTS & CULTURE Sofia Hashi | email@example.com | (613) 562 5931
Fighting the feds Canadian environmental artist reacts to tour interference Keeton Wilcock | Fulcrum Staff
WHILE FRANKE JAMES has been a visual artist her whole life, in 2006 the focus of her work turned to climate change. James never thought her work on the environment would end up blacklisted by the Harper government. “We did an energy audit on our house because we were renovating, and at that point, I started to do research into climate change,” says James. “I realized that our house was this giant energy sieve, and we really needed to get serious and part of getting serious was waking up to the fact that climate change is the defining issue of the 21st century.” Since the audit, James’ visual essays, which are drawings with a story or message, about climate change have garnered enthusiastic responses. In 2009, James saw the publication of five of her works together in her debut book, Bothered By My Green Conscience. Earlier this year, James was contacted by a Croatian educational organization about taking her artwork to Europe in a multi-country tour. “There was supposed to be an art show in Europe to tour 20 countries, and it was going to places like Moscow, Athens, [and] Italy.” explains James. “It was just fantastic all the places that it was going to. The show was 40 art works, so 40 prints of mine were supposed to travel.” Before she was supposed to embark on her artistic endeavour, the tour’s co-ordinator contacted James with surprising news in May 2011. “She said that she had met with the cul-
photo courtesy Franke James
BANNED AND BLACKLISTED Activist and visual artist Franke James stands up tural officer from the Canadian embassy in Croatia, and [they] told her, ‘Don’t you know this artist speaks against the Canadian government?’” says James. “And I was totally blown away. I said, ‘Why on earth would she say that?’ I don’t speak against the Canadian government. I criticize some of Harper’s policies, but I don’t speak against the Canadian government.” According to James, the tour never took place because the show’s organizers felt intimidated by the Canadian government. While the federal government has denied any interference with James’ tour,
recently released documents show emails from the federal government that initially approved the tour, as well as $5,000 worth of funding. The emails then show Jeremy Wallace, climate change deputy director for Canada, advised funding not be given. It was later stated that the project “would in fact run counter to Canada’s interests.” In response to the government’s interference, the Toronto-based artist has taken her cause to the streets of Ottawa, protesting in the way she knows best. For the month of November, six of James’ visual essays will be mounted in paid ad displays on Bank Street, just steps away from Parliament Hill.
“I think what I’m doing is so important because there are many people who are being blacklisted and silenced by the Harper government,” she says. “But in the case of Environment Canada scientists, they’re not speaking out— they’re afraid for their jobs, they’re afraid for their pensions, and they’re not going to kick up a fuss, whereas I can kick up a fuss and I can get very loud.” James is currently consulting legal counsel about her cancelled tour and is striving to get access to statements in the released government documents that have been blocked from view due to reasons of international security.
Despite the cancelled tour, James remains positive about getting her message of the need for environmental action across. “I’m trying to inspire people to aim for more ambitious behavioural changes,” says James. “We have to face climate change … Why are we choosing to change light bulbs when we actually need to get way more ambitious?” f The released government documents and James’ recently completed visual essay on her blacklisting by the federal government can be found at her website, FrankeJames. com.
Performing for a good cause Annual United Way benefit show to take the stage Sofia Hashi | Fulcrum Staff
ALREADY IN ITS 11th year, the Resident’s Life United Way Benefit Show is not slowing down anytime soon. On Nov. 16, the spectacle, which will feature performances from students at the University of Ottawa, is all about providing entertainment for a good cause. All of
the show’s proceeds go to the United Way Ottawa charity, and the event is a part of the U of O’s United Benefit fundraising campaign, which raises money and awareness for United Way. “It’s the big event we use to close off the United Way campaign that we run with Housing Services. It’s kind of part of the campus-wide initiative,” explains Andrew Keyes, the Residence Life programming coordinator and a fourth-year psychology major. “Th is is our part that we do in residence, so a lot of the community advisors (CAs) working in residence will give a hand to help with the organization.” The benefit show is one big variety show. It will include singing, dancing,
and comedy skits. The show also creates a sense of community amongst residents. “We’re always trying to promote that big community feel with all the residences,” he says. “You can fi nd it gets … segregated as the year goes on. [Students] get to know everyone in their building, but they don’t really branch out as much.” “I see it as kind of something that we really can all come together and appreciate the resident experience.” The show, along with the residences’ other fundraising initiatives, raised approximately $6,000 last year and $10,000 in 2009. Residences across campus come out and support the charity in more ways
than the variety show. According to Keyes, students spend just over a month doing various activities to raise money and awareness for the cause. “[The show is] really ... like the closing ceremony, if you will,” he says. “We have all sorts of activities [during the month-long campaign], ranging from individual CAs planning on just their floors to building-wide activities. [An] example from this year [is] … a coffee house night where the Stanton residents were invited out to open mic, [which] raised a lot of money.” Although the night is fi lled with entertainment and allows students to see their fellow classmates sing or dance, the main focus of the show is the United Way.
“It’s a charity that really focuses on the community … United Way Ottawa is a charity that doesn’t necessarily use the funds themselves. So, what they’ll do is spread them to other different charities in the area,” says Keyes. Students can expect an entertaining, yet unpredictable night for $2. Keyes urges students to check out the show, which will be held at the Alumni Auditorium in the University Centre. “There’s no specifications over what we can expect,” says Keyes. “It all depends on who wants to come out this year, who wants to perform, what they want to do. It’s always a good time.” “We have a lot of really talented young people that come out and sign up for it.” f
10 | arts&culture
thefulcrum.ca | Nov. 10–16, 2011
Poems of remembrance
Can’t get enough of that indie tune
Sugary cereal connects artists with music lovers and industry experts
REMEMBR ANCE DAY
Jessie Willms | Fulcrum Contributor
is about to come and go.
THE POST FOOD Company has a sweet tooth for indie tunes. It’s the founder of The First 15, a grant project that mixes social media and industry expertise to help unknown artists get their big break. Hoping to get more Canadian independent music into the iPods of music lovers is just one of the project’s initiatives. The project was inspired by up-andcoming artist iSH Morris. Like any upstarters, he wanted to have an opportunity to do what he does best : Make music. “[He was] looking for funding to fuel his craft and to get out there and he was creative about it,” explains Jay Marana, singer-songwriter of Broken Hands, who was asked by the company to spread the word about The First 15. The name of the grant, which comes from the term “fi rst 15 minutes of fame,” is doing just what its title promises. “Instead of going the traditional route, trying to go to a label where money has sort of dried up, [Morris] went to Post [Foods] and said, ‘Look at this song I’ve created. Do you want to help me get my music and my art out?’” Post Food, impressed by the creativity of the track, decided to support Canadian music by founding the project in hopes of establishing more musical acts. Thus, The First 15 project was born. “[It focuses on] connecting with what people want, not the cheesy stuff,” says
As Canadians get ready to remember previous wars fought and current ones ongoing, some U of O students decided to take this time to write poems inspired by this special day. Whether it’s images of Flander’s Fields or visions of the war in Afghanistan, the writers were inspired by what remembering means to them.
WHAT DO YOU REMEMBER?
Marana. “Post [Food] thought it would be a win-win to help support a Canadian artist.” The project’s main aims are: To connect artists with other artists and to connect artists with other music lovers. “[It also hopes to] build a platform that could potentially give the right candidate some funding to jump-start a demo or EP,” Marana notes. “[The First 15] all about being authentic and getting involved, which, in this case, is helping young adults with musical talent recognize their dream,” says Jennifer Dumoulin, Post Food’s director of marketing for the company, in a press release for the project. The competition for receiving the grant is twofold. First, artists submit a track or multiple tracks to the project’s Facebook page and the most liked ones form a shortlist. From there, the entries are judged, and a winner is selected based on artistic merit by a panel of industry members. Winners receive $5,000 and a trip to Toronto to record at Girth Music’s professional studio. The deadline for submissions is Dec. 9. Who should apply for the grant? “All artists. Everyone,” says Marana. “Th is is not a genre-specific grant. Th is is [about] recognizing talent. Talent is subjective and it comes in all shapes, sizes, colours, and sounds.” f For more information, or to submit a track, go to Facebook.com/thefirst15.
photo by Sean Campbell
Students write poems for Remembrance Day
Are the Poppies Still Blowing?
I won’t forget
In Fields Where Poppies Grow
Are the poppies still blowing On a windy day? Are the larks still singing When there’s nothing left to say? I wonder whose side they were singing for. I suppose there is just dismay In a sky of war.
The clock stands still while we stand And I stand in remembrance for those who can’t
“I won’t forget,” is what I say It’s what I promise on this day Yet with each passing week My memory grows weak
The True North Strong and Free Indeed we are Free Because of Thee
Brave soldier, standing tall, The guardian of peace; You left home at 17, a child with a hero’s dream. Brave soldier, unafraid of combat, of the terrors in this wasteland, this hell that we call war. Brave soldier, full of courage, Protecting freedom for us all. You fought battles, wounded men, You killed, and were killed.
How many crosses To win a war? How many poppies Were there before? I’m sorry you couldn’t hear the larks, Over the gunfire galore. I hope you sleep Lieutenant McCrae, I haven’t lost my faith. I pin my collar every year With a velvet flower For your fear For your pluck And for your pride My every step and every stride Is safe because of those who lie In Flanders Fields. —Megan McLaren
It’s the eleventh hour of the eleventh day In this moment I remember roles they have played Fallen Canadians who valiantly fought Forever remember what they have brought I remember what I have not seen, but know Seasons change, years pass, and poppies continue to grow As the horn blows and we are brought into silence I remember images of yesterday and today’s violence Wars are still fought and peace far from achieved But on this day we remember and it is gratitude we give —Sofia Hashi
The day becomes a distant memory Foggy and an indistinct reality “I won’t forget,” I fervently promise It’s the eleventh again and I have forgotten The oath I swore becomes nothing but words Words I say but don’t do and lie unheard The day has become a distant memory Foggy and an indistinct reality “I won’t forget,” because the truth is I can’t Dying soldiers aren’t of the past But a sad picture that has been cast So say you’ll remember Wear your poppy forever Invisibly engraved within your mind Don’t let another Remembrance Day Become a distant memory of the mind —Sofia Hashi
You birthed on this Canadian soil You died for this Canadian soil We will Never Forget your Toil We Stand on Guard for Thee Moving forward from where you lay still We Shall Fight till Your Dreams became Reality Today we Celebrate Fallen Soldiers All who died so we could Live We Revel In Your Victory We Honor your Bravery Our Memory we shall surely Give To our Children and Theirs for all years God Keep Our Land Glorious And Free Oh Canada! We Stand On Guard For Thee! —Tiolu Adedipe
Brave soldier, gone too soon, Your sacrifice will live forever in the memories of those you left behind. Brave soldier, lie in peace. Now you can rest, where the birds sing once again In fields where poppies grow. —Kiera Obbard
thefulcrum.ca | Nov. 10–16, 2011
arts&culture | 11
movie reviews The Rum Diary BASED ON A manuscript by renowned writer Hunter S. Thompson, The Rum Diary stars Johnny Depp as Paul Kemp, a young journalist. Kemp travels to Puerto Rico to work for a local newspaper that’s running on its last legs. Amidst the seemingly endless shots of rum, he becomes embroiled in a conspiracy of land-grabbing, spearheaded by corrupt businessman Hal Sanderson (Aaron Eckhart). Kemp mistrusts Sanderson and his cronies, and falls head over heels for Sanderson’s free-spirited girlfriend (Amber Heard). The Rum Diary is an intriguing tale set in a lush but dangerous environment, where povertystricken locals clash with the American tourists who stay in luxurious hotels. Meanwhile, Kemp indulges in alcohol, cigarettes, cockfights, and even dabbles in narcotics, introduced to him by a wild-eyed pariah played by Giovanni Ribisi. While The Rum Diary isn’t quite as energetic and mesmerizing as Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, it’s refreshing to see Depp once again channel the spirit of Hunter S. Thompson. In this movie, Thompson is younger and still sober enough to get noticed by deceitful authorities running a scam. All in all, this is a well-made film that manages to avoid a clichéd ending in favour of something more interesting. —Kyle Climans
Paranormal Activity 3 THE THING THAT is most loveable about the Paranormal Activity series, and the whole Blair Witch Project approach to horror movies, is that it is moving in the opposite direction of other scary movies. To be scary, a movie needs two things: Suspense and the grotesque. While most horror movies are innovating by taking the grotesque to new and horrible levels—The Human Centipede, anyone?— Paranormal Activity 3 and its predecessors know how to make a little go a long way by couching brief sequences of the grotesque in layers and layers of suspense. This latest instalment may seem like more of the same, and in a way it is: Middle-class suburban yuppies encounter paranormal phenomena and decide to start trying to capture it on film, only to have it spiral out of control. Nevertheless, for this reviewer, the scares are still fresh and the self-conscious “documentary” style still found new ways to build truly oppressive suspense. Without giving too much away, one playful example is a sex scene that is rendered all the more suspenseful because you just know it’s going to be interrupted by something creepy before they can do the deed. This movie is worth seeing—it’ll scare anyone and leave many horrified long after the final credits roll. —Edward Roué
t’s the movie where the 99 per cent get angry and take back what they rightfully deserve. Don’t worry, Tower Heist is not some boring Occupy-theworld documentary, but rather an enjoyable action-adventure heist fi lm. Ben Stiller stars as Josh Kovacs, a recently fi red building manager for a posh, uptown New York City apartment building, who becomes a modern day Robin Hood after his employees’ pensions are swindled by their very own penthouse resident and Wall Street billionaire—Arthur Shaw (Alan Alda). Charlie (Casey Affleck), Mr. Fitzhugh (Matthew Broderick), Enrique Dev’Reaux (Michael Pena), Odessa (Gabourey Sidibe), and Slide (Eddie Murphy) round out Kovacs’ group of merry men. The group decides to rob Shaw’s 24-hour, FBI-monitored apartment and steal the cash they believe he’s holding there. Although the movie is well executed, it suffers from mediocrity. The fi lm never lives up to that fervor or zeal that most heist movies do. Most of the characters are regular Joes not looking for a ploy to get rich quick, but rather get back what they deserve. The stakes are never raised, the suspense is never heightened, and because of this, the ending is even more anti-climactic. Tower Heist takes too long getting into the intricate and detailed planning for the actual takedown of the apartment, and there is too much character development and not enough action. While Tower Heist isn’t comparable to other heist fi lms, there are enough jokes peppered in, mostly epic one-liners from Pena’s character, to make it a decent fi lm. —Sofia Hashi
epic fail fail
IN THE WORLD of In Time, humans are able to develop a system where they stop aging at 25 and then have a year to live. The only way to accrue “time” after that is to work in the ghettos of Dayton doing manual labour. Starring big names like Justin Timberlake, Amanda Seyfried, Alex Pettyfer, and Olivia Wilde, this sci-fi thriller will have you on the edge of your seat—for the most part, anyways. The film focuses on 28-year-old Will Salas (Timberlake) who lives in the ghetto with his 50-yearold mother (Wilde). Salas goes out to the bar with his best friend, where he encounters 105-year-old Henry Hamilton (Matt Bomer) who is tired of living and comes to the ghetto to spend all of his time. Hamilton is then attacked, and Salas subsequently saves him. While they are asleep, Hamilton transfers most of his time to Salas. Salas tries to save him, but he is too late and is framed for Hamilton’s murder. Salas’ adventure against the ticking clock thus begins. This star-studded flick delivers more than is advertised. Although slow at some points, with shabby acting here and there, it produces a solid performance from start to finish. This is definitely not a movie for the shallow minded, as it mirrors the myriad of greed, corruption, and politics going on in the world today. —Anthony Wan
A Very Harold & Kumar 3D Christmas THE THIRD VOLUME of the franchise, A Very Harold & Kumar 3D Christmas, finds the duo aimlessly tackling the traditions of the holidays. The pair has grown apart, with Harold (John Cho) now married and working on Wall Street, and Kumar (Kal Penn) remaining a pothead loser. They reunite after a few years of no communication when Kumar receives a mysterious package addressed to Harold that sets off a series of events, which includes thwarting gangsters and saving Santa Claus from a bullet wound. Unfortunately, most modern shows deal with the same subject matter with better wit, absurdity, comedy, and creativity. When TV shows like South Park or Family Guy tackle similar topics, there is a grounded reality to their characters, which makes the absurdity work. Every character in this film is crazy and obnoxious, making the movie insufferable. It flails around racial and social stereotypes, making you cringe instead of laugh. Parodying other Christmas films and lacking creativity, the film is depressingly predictable. There is potential because of the two likeable leads, but the horrendous writing ruins it. It’s the anti-Judd Apatow film, but in order to resonate, the filmmakers needed to do something different that can’t be found better executed on television. They should’ve known that in order for stupidity to work, you need to be smart as well. —Danyal Khoral
12 | features
thefulcrum.ca | Nov. 10–16, 2011
Taking the plunge Living with your partner while in university
Abria Mattina | Fulcrum Staff
IN THE NOT so distant past, living together outside of wedlock could damage a person’s reputation beyond repair. As time marches on and that stigma fades, more and more university-aged couples are choosing to move in together. The Fulcrum asked professors and students—those who are happily cohabiting and those who ended their relationship after signing a lease together—to weigh in on the common-law lifestyle.
Thinking about moving in together Why do so many students choose to forgo living by themselves or with friends in favour of renting a home with their partners? Diane Pacom, a sociology professor at the U of O, thinks the growing divorce rate in Canada may play a part in a student’s decision to live with his or her significant other. “Many kids now are the product of divorce,” she said. “Th is generation has
been through the traumas of divorce, so when they meet someone, they honestly think, ‘Th is is it.’ Cohabitation can be like a rehearsal for marriage.” A marriage “trial run” is an attractive idea to many young people who feel too young for the commitment of marriage but are ready to take their relationship to the next level. “People are marrying later and later as it is. They are deciding to postpone marriage and live together first,” said Pacom.
“Living together is not binding, but it is binding enough. If you are postponing getting married for a long time, but you still want to be together, what else do you do?” Pacom mentioned that cohabitation is also enticing for students economically. “In today’s reality, tuition fees are very expensive, many people cannot fi nd jobs, and one of the partners ends up supporting the other one,” she said. “If you love the person and you want to be with them,
you decide to just live together instead of separately.” Some couples debating whether or not to live together aren’t concerned with their ability to get along or share space, but fear disapproval from their families. Garett Brown*, a U of O business student, didn’t tell his religious family when he and his girlfriend moved in together. “My grandma is a devout Catholic. I knew she wouldn’t approve of us ‘living in sin,’ so I let her think we were living
photo by Mico Mazza
separately,” he said. “She was really disappointed in me when she learned the truth.” Accidental cohabitation Sometimes the decision isn’t whether to move in with the person you’re dating, but whether to date the person you’re already living with. University of Ottawa students Emily Oswald and Kade Leslie decided to couple up after two years of living together as roommates, something Oswald believes enhanced the quality of their relationship. “Living together helped us realize each other’s best qualities, as well as our worst faults,” she said. “Once we decided to make the leap into a relationship, we not only knew these things, but also how to deal with them.” Dating someone you haven’t known for very long can feel adventurous, but there’s a chance you’ll discover a bad habit or tendency that is a deal breaker. When you date someone you’ve taken the time to get to know as a roommate, there aren’t likely to be any nasty surprises. It’s always a risk when roommates become romantic partners. As Oswald points out, “Breaking up would be extremely awkward, and it would suck to lose a friend as well.” These concerns initially kept Oswald and Leslie from pursuing a relationship, and though they’re still happily together after two years, Oswald cautions others against following the same path they did. “I’m sure that for every situation that works out like ours, there are a million that end in an awkward division of DVD collections during midterms.” Newly cohabitating Moving in with your partner marks the beginning of your first time living like someone’s spouse. The first weeks of living together can involve quite a bit of upheaval. Your relationship has to be practical, as well as emotional, which means a lot of negotia-
features | 13
photo by Mico Mazza
tion and experimentation with how you share space and responsibilities. Alex O’Driscoll*, a fourth-year U of O nursing student, suggests creating a shared calendar to help newly cohabitating couples to be conscientious of each other’s routines and schedules. “If I know my boyfriend is going to have a lot of late classes in one day, I’ll try to have a snack ready for when he gets home,” she said. “He appreciates it, and I don’t have to deal with a hungry, cranky boyfriend.” Working around each other isn’t all you’ll need to do. With a live-in partner, you’ll spend much more time together than you did when you lived separately. “There’s no time apart when you live together, and based on mere proximity, you are likely to do things together,” explained Oswald. Sharing activities and responsibilities may also mean you share a budget for some things. When Oswald and Leslie began dating, they started doing groceries together her and buying things for the house. “Th ings gs changed from being ‘my coffee maker’ er’ to ‘our coffee maker,’” said Oswald. When two people move in together, they have to defi ne their respective domestic duties together. “We made a big list of chores and then divided vided it together,” explained O’Driscoll. ll. “Divvying it up was as more about who hates es each chore less than about who likes to do what. hat. I don’t love vacuuming, ng, but I don’t hate it with a passion either, so that became ne of my chores.” es.”
Fighting it out What do you do if your partner is consistently forgetting basic tasks, like emptying the dishwasher or vacuuming under the couch? The important thing, really, is not to sweat the small stuff. “I don’t like to nag,” said O’Driscoll. “Because I know that he’s going to respond with the same bad attitude that I show him when I harp on stuff not being done. Usually an offhand remark like, ‘The dishes are still in the sink,’ is enough to remind him without putting him on the defensive.” When you and your significant other live separately, it is easy to let disagreements go on for days. Cold-shouldering is as simple as choosing not to return text messages or answer the phone, but it’s a whole new ball game when you share an apartment and bed with your partner. “It’s a bit like high-school debate team,” said Brown. “We keep going through reasons for or against whatever we’re arguing about, and eventually we come to a compromise. You’ve got to be willing to sacrifice, to bring up those uncomfortable topics, and you absolutely have
to be willing to laugh.” Not every cohabitating couple will enjoy a lasting relationship, but breaking up while living together doesn’t necessarily have to be messy. Fourth-year U of O students Jason Beckett* and Amanda Meyers* decided to split after four years, shortly after they renewed the lease on their apartment. They were faced with the difficult decision of who would move out and who would stay. The solution came down to who could afford to rent the apartment alone. “It worked out better because we broke up in the summer, when we were both living and working back in our hometowns,” explained Meyers. “We weren’t in each other’s faces while trying to deal with the break up, and it was easier to pack my things and move out when I knew he wouldn’t be hanging around the apartment too.” Living together for a while After sharing a home with your partner for a few months, you’ll know that romance and intimacy are not synonymous. It can be hard to keep the attraction alive after watching your significant other clip toenails or scrub the toilet, and keeping the spark in a relationship begins to require some extra effort. “Sometimes she and I recreate things we did
when we were fi rst dating,” said Megan McKnight, a fourth-year U of O visual arts student, who lives with her partner. “Visiting the same places or doing the same activities reminds us why we fell for each other in the fi rst place. And it’s like an inside joke that only we fi nd one specific park bench romantic.” New life experiences are essential no matter what your relationship status, but for cohabitors, there needs to be a mix of individual and couple activity. Having your partner around at home means that you don’t have to go out to see each other like you did when you were fi rst dating. Two people living together often have to make time to see their friends, as it’s easy for cohabitors to fall into the unhealthy pattern of spending every waking minute together. “After we moved in together, I felt awkward about going out without [my boyfriend],” said O’Driscoll. “I had a hard time going out for drinks with friends without feeling guilty for not inviting him along. My friends felt it inviti too. L Like they couldn’t just invite me someplace, it had to be me and him tosome gether.” gethe “It helps that she and I don’t share all the sa same friends or hobbies,” said Brown. “I can go out with my friends and do something that she’d never be interested somet in, an and she can do the same with her friends. friend Maybe in some ways that compartmentalizes the way we explore our partm hobbies or interests, but it gives us indehobbi pendence within the relationship.” pende “We’re both very independent people, “W and keeping k our own identities is important to us,” said Brown. “Our relationship special, but it doesn’t defi ne our entire is spe existence. We need our own lives— existe friends, careers, interests—because it just friend can’t b be all about our relationship all the time. We’d burn out and et sick of each other.” other. Legal speaking Legally For ccouples that stay together and con-
tinue cohabiting, there are advantages to be had. Living together for three years entitles you to the benefits of being common-law spouses. “Family law is catching up with social reality,” said professor Peggy Malpass of the University of Ottawa law department. “People who are not married have almost all the same rights as people who are.” After one year of cohabitation, you and your partner can fi le income taxes together. Couples who live together continuously for three years, or have a child together, have the same rights as married couples, including the right to spousal support in case of breakup. The biggest difference between married and common-law status is right to share property. Common-law spouses never attain the right to share in each other’s property, regardless of how long they cohabitate, which is why creating an inventory of assets and a cohabitation agreement is important. Final call Whether you’re thinking of moving in together, newly cohabiting, or have been sharing space for a while, there’s a great need to be savvy and forward thinking. Cohabitation during university can be as challenging as it can be rewarding. Protect yourself, respect your partner, and make a point to appreciate every day inf each other’s company. —With files from Kristyn Filip *Names have been changed Disclaimer: The information provided in this article should not be used as legal advice. For legal advice regarding landlord and tenant agreements or spousal abuse, contact the University of Ottawa Community Legal Clinic at 17 Copernicus St. For advice on family law, visit the Family Law Information Centre at the 161 Elgin St. courthouse.
14 | arts&culture
thefulcrum.ca | Nov. 10–16, 2011
Cinema Academica versus Hollywood
spotlight on Natalie Tremblay and Sofia Hashi | Fulcrum Staff
illustration by Brennan Bova
MOVIES AND POLITICS Campus club screens indie, politically driven films
Campus club offers a different moviegoing experience Sofia Hashi | Fulcrum Staff
TIRED OF PAYING $10 for not-so-good blockbusters at the movies? Sick of Hollywood recycling content and actors to create the usual crappy comedy, romance, or drama? Well, a club at the University of Ottawa might just solve your problems. Cinema Academica is a group on campus that allows students and community members to meet up and discuss what they love—fi lms. Screening avant-garde fi lm and indie-style documentaries, Cinema Academica is an alternative place to watch interesting movies without emptying your wallet. “Basically Cinema Academica is a weekly fi lm series we put on every Friday evening,” explains Wayne Sawtell, the club’s previous president and graduate student at the U of O. “It shows documentary fi lms about various social justice issues.” The Student Federation of the Univer-
through the lens Sofia Hashi Arts & Culture Editor
Stop the gossip
sity of Ottawa-registered club wasn’t always an independent endeavour. Cinema Academica comes from a Canada-wide fi lm club. “It started off [as] Cinema Politica and was affi liated with the network of other organizations across Canada,” explains Sawtell. “The series used to get fi lms from that organization, but for the last few years it’s been completely independent and just based in the U of O campus.” Don’t expect the club to get any of its movies from local theatres, though. Cinema Academica procures its fi lms from a variety of sources, including the National Film Board of Canada, One World Arts, the U of O’s library, and even YouTube. “We try to take a perspective that you normally wouldn’t fi nd. For example, a fi lm shown in a course [at] the university or in the cinema—you know commercial cinemas,” he says. “We try and show fi lms that you can really get to the root of various social and economic problems.” The movies are only part of the fun. It’s usually the discussions afterward that make the experience more entertaining than a regular cinema. “It’s what makes it kind of unique,” explains Sawtell.
“Like you go the cinemas and everyone leaves after the fi lm, but [here] you have people stick around and talk about the various issues.” Tomorrow’s screening features a movie and discussion about Remembrance Day. “[On Nov. 11], we’re showing something called Silent Screams, which is more about victims of war and human rights pieces.” says Sawtell. “[Usually Remembrance Day ceremonies] tend to not focus on civilian losses in war; they really focus on the military. We wanted to provide that perspective that most of the casualties in war are civilians.” By showing fi lms about social justice, economic problems, and ethical issues, Cinema Academica hopes to spur students into action and make them less apathetic. “The whole point of starting the fi lm series was to make students become activists, to stand and take a role in trying to influence all these decisions instead of just being passive,” he says.
ALL OF THE media frenzy surrounding Kim Kardashian these days does not come as a surprise. The multi-millionaire socialite and “entrepreneur” recently split from her NBA-star husband, Kris Humphries. While the breakup may not come as a surprise to anyone—did you really think they’d make it past 72 days?—the amount of attention for the impending divorce is astonishing. Why do the terms “Kim Kardashian” and “divorce’ warrant over 5,000 hits on Google? Kardashian fi led for divorce Nov. 1, only 72 days after wedded bliss. Immediately afterward, the media scrutiny began.
News outlets began reporting on reasons why she called it quits—was it because of the distance? The hectic work schedule? Speculation flew faster than the speed of light about how much Humphries and Kardashian spent and made on their wedding—for those interested, it is said that the couple spent $10 million and a whopping $17 million was grossed for their two-part, not-so-fairytale wedding that aired on E!. Accusations about the sincerity of the union were spurred. Rumours about how the divorce was a hoax and suspicions on how the fi ling conveniently came when the Kardashian clan were promoting
f For more info on Cinema Academica, email news-subscribe@cinemaacademica. ca
IF YOU’RE LOOKING for a journey of mysterious musicality, Montreal’s The Unsettlers can certainly take you there. An eclectic multi-instrumental group, which even features a contortionist, The Unsettlers present polkas, waltzes, and lullabies with a dark underbelly that makes you feel like you’re in an underground bar on a rainy Friday. Since their inception in 2007, they have released two full-length LPs and one live EP recorded by the CBC. The first LP bucked trend and was released as an eighttrack tape, while the second is an ambitious double album titled Oil and Blood. In promotion of their work, the group has toured extensively, playing such renowned festivals as POP Montreal and Osheaga. Many of The Unsettlers’ tracks are anchored by the perfectly husky vocals of B.W. Brandes. Delightful female harmonies are also brought to many tracks by Brie Neilson and Genevieve Schreier, and driving percussion brings every song to a cacophonous head. Key tracks to take note of include “Fold Back the Black”, “He’s Out of Nails”, “Jerome”, and “The Committee Sounds the Alarm”, but honestly, every track brings something new and interesting, such as accordion or haunting vocal arrangements. The Unsettlers are definitely a band to watch.
THIS MONTH AT the Cube Gallery, visitors can gaze upon Victoria Wonnacott’s most recent collection of works titled Memories at the Beach. Known for using a variety of mediums, such as acrylic paint, sandpaper, and lacquer among others, this Canadian visual artist has created a display that is just as much theoretical as it is thematic. The concept behind Memories at the Beach is a simple element—water. “We are born in water. It is fluid. It transports us. It can be a very peaceful place, a mysterious place,” says Wonnacott. The work of this artist, who is no stranger to Cube, may seem abstract at a first glance; however, after viewing the collection as a whole her underlying theme becomes apparent. Paintings titled “Long Shower”, “Magnetic Madonna”, and “Marat’s Shower” each have a figure present, whether up close or at a distance, doused in water. Ranging from vibrantly coloured to dull and almost monochromatic paintings with some symbolic reference to water, Wonnacott believes, “We can be weightless and move in a way that is afforded us only in water or outer space.”
Sounds like: If Cirque du Soleil was an 11-piece troubadour band. Check them out: On Myspace.com/ theunsettlers
Looks like: A waterfall sprayed onto portraits. Check it out: On display at the Cube Gallery at 1285 Wellington St. W. until Nov. 28.
Know a cool band or inspiring artist? firstname.lastname@example.org
something their new handbag collection spread quickly. Quite frankly, it’s saddening that a celebrity split necessitates so much media attention. Are we supposed to care? No! If half this attention was given to real-world issues, then we’d have a much more healthy and productive society. Seriously, isn’t the political unrest in Syria more important? Or how about the impending market crash in the European Union? What about other issues, like the blood ban we reported on in last week’s editorial? We can even speak about our colossal student debt instead. Everyone is wasting time reading and discussing this Kardashian drama. There
are more important things to talk about. Part of the blame falls upon us. We have an unhealthy celebrity obsession—I am to blame as well. Our thirst for celebrity gossip is insatiable, especially when we get to watch other people suffer. Hollywood marriages don’t dissolve more often than their non-famous counterparts, but it seems that way because they’re in the unblinking public eye. As sad as this sounds: Leave Kim Kardashian alone. Forget about her. Let’s all focus on things that actually matter and impact us. email@example.com (613) 562-5931
SPORTS Katherine DeClerq | firstname.lastname@example.org | (613) 562-5258
Men’s football team leaves the field Asselin and Colbon speak about the playoffs and their off-season Katherine DeClerq | Fulcrum Staff
GEES FANS WERE crushed on Oct. 29 when the University of Ottawa men’s football team lost their fi rst playoff game of the year, ending their playoff season with a record of 0-1. The young team will now go into their off-season to train even harder for next year. “I think we had a good season,” said head coach Jean-Philippe Asselin in an interview with the Fulcrum. “Obviously we didn’t fi nish the way we wanted, but we had a young team and progressed throughout the season. I am a little disappointed with our last game, [because] I thought we had more potential than we showed on the field.” Fourth-year quarterback Aaron Colbon also commented on the abrupt end to the Gees playoff career, saying that although he was hoping to play in the Yates Cup, the season the team had was a good one. “I feel like the season went pretty well,” said Colbon. “It’s always tough when a season ends earlier than you want it to, but I defi nitely think there were some positives to take from the season.” As Colbon’s fi rst year as starting quarterback, Asselin believes he held a consistent offence throughout the year and will continue to prove his worth. “I thought [Colbon] did very [well] managing the ball,” he said. “I think he knows exactly what he needs to do during the off-season and I think he’ll work hard and impress people next year.”
“Looking back at the season, I can say for sure that I met my expectations,” said Colbon. “Overall, we had a winning season and made it to the playoffs, which is a big accomplishment.” Asselin addressed the issue of game consistency, explaining that the hiring of assistant head coach and defensive coordinator Cory McDiarmid in March 2011 brought in a new form of defensive play that the Gees weren’t used to, and it took them a while to adjust. “On defence, putting in a new system at this level is always challenging, and unfortunately, it felt like in the last week or two our defence was really starting to pick it up and understand what we wanted to do,” he said. “But that is going to be a lot different for next year, having that knowledge of the system from the get-go.” The football team’s off-season will continue to push the Gees physically and will not provide a break for the team. Each athlete will continue to work out seven days a week, in addition to catching up on their schooling and, for some, even working part time. “For our guys, it is going to be five lifts and two runs a week, so seven workouts a week,” Asselin explained. “We are also going to have our spring camp before the exams in April where we are going to practise what we learned.” Recruiting has already begun for the 2012–13 season with the signing of receiver Scott Watson. Currently attending St. Mark’s Catholic High School in
photo by Mico Mazza
WORKING THE FIELD Garnet and Grey come together as a team at kickoff Manotick, Watson participated in the 2011 Ottawa high school all-star game. Asselin is very happy to have Watson joining the Garnet and Grey this spring. “[He is] one of the best receivers in the region of Ottawa,” he said. “I think we already know what we are going to get
from him. He has the size, the speed, the hands, and he’s really coachable.” The Gees will be looking for 25–30 new recruits for next year, as the team is relatively young and a number of players will be returning the following year. But for now, the Garnet and Grey will be fo-
cusing on getting faster and stronger in order to make it farther in the playoffs during the 2012–13 season. “We have a lot of potential,” said Asselin. “If we put the work in for the offseason, we are going to have a great year f next year.”
fourth-year Marika Kay, president of the U of O rowing teams. The regatta consisted of 16 universities from across the country, featuring a 2000M head-to-head sprint race in addition to the regular competitions. The women’s team placed sixth overall, just one point behind the University of British Columbia, while the men’s team placed seventh with only three athletes in the competition. The teams weren’t the only ones having a successful event as the individual rowers placed in their respective races. U of O women’s heavyweight single fourthyear Kate Goodfellow won silver and was nominated for female athlete of the year, along with lightweight men’s double fifthyear Andrew Todd, nominated for male athlete of the year. Second-year Dylan Harris won silver with Todd, and the bronze medals were awarded to Todd in men’s singles and Pelham and Page in women’s doubles. “As a double, OUA [Championship] was the best race we ever had,” said Page. “Obviously winning bronze this weekend to crews we beat the weekend before was not our best, but we were happy with the competition and the execution of our race.”
“We raced as best we could day of, considering the conditions and volume of races we had already completed,” said Pelham. Kay explained their results are impressive considering they don’t have varsity status at the U of O, and that she has to thank the CURC for allowing them to compete. “As a competitive club, we are lucky that the CURC organization allows us to compete with the fully funded varsity programs, and we are very proud to represent our team at the national level and demonstrate the power of [U of O] athletes, many of whom started rowing in our novice program,” she explained. After the regatta, U of O head coach Sophie Roberge was named women’s coach of the year. “The University of Ottawa rowing team is very proud of the success from the season and in turn has shown all the fully funded varsity powerhouse universities that we are a school to watch out for,” said Kay. The varsity-level athletes will be staying in Wellend to compete in the National Rowing Competitions on Nov. 14, and the team in its entirety will meet again to compete in the Canadian Indoor Rowing Championships. f
Row, row, row your boat All the way to the Canadian University Rowing Championships
photo courtesy Sophie Roberge
STROKING YOUR WAY TO GOLD U of O rowing team races in Wellend, Ont. in the CURC Katherine DeClerq | Fulcrum Staff
ON A CRISP November weekend, the University of Ottawa rowing team travelled to Wellend, Ont., to compete in the Canadian University Rowing Championships (CURC). After a successful run in the Ontario University Athletics (OUA) Championships, in which the women’s
varsity team placed fourth and the men’s team placed seventh, the athletes were ready to prove they belonged. The OUA Championship saw the Gees bring home the highest count of medals in U of O rowing history with six individual medals, one being a gold medal won by fourth years Jenna Pelham and Lilianne Page in the lightweight women’s double.
The CURC regatta, held on Nov. 5–6, allowed the U of O to gather four more medals, including silver in the heavyweight women’s single and the lightweight men’s double, and bronze in the lightweight men’s single and women’s double. “As a team, I feel that we exceeded our expectations, as well as the other universities’ expectations of our athletes,” said
16 | sports
thefulcrum.ca | Nov. 10–16, 2011
Personal training at the U of O University training builds some muscle Edward Roué | Fulcrum Staff
STUDENTS AT THE University of Ottawa have access to the university’s gyms, and with that come discounts for sport and fitness services—including the use of a personal trainer. Adrien Stotesbury is a personal trainer at the U of O and a recent human kinetics graduate. His chosen profession was based on a knee injury that necessitated physiotherapy, which was an experience that inspired him to go into human kinetics and ultimately to become a personal trainer. He explained that his studies at the U of O give him the medical background he needs, but that his first-hand experience in the field is just as vital for his job. “It’s got to come from both sides. You can’t just be book smart,” he said. Like all personal trainers at the U of O, he first sits down with his clients to go over their medical history, lifestyle, injuries, or any other factors that might im-
pact their fitness. He then lays out a list of concrete goals which they will work toward. This is followed by an assessment meant to test the client’s limitations in terms of range of movement in order for the personal trainer to design an appropriate workout routine. The whole program is designed to suit the needs of each individual client. Stotesbury explained he usually starts the routine slow so that he can get an idea of the client’s capabilities. According to Stotesbury, motivation is key to a client’s success, and having regular meetings will hold them accountable to their routine. The clients he serves come from a varied group. He has helped students, staff, community members, athletes, people undergoing rehabilitation, people looking to lose weight, and others just looking to stay fit. “It’s such a wide spectrum. You can’t really pinpoint it to one population,” he said. Having previously worked at a private gym in Gatineau, Que., he speaks highly of the services the U of O offers. “The value is great, with prices as low as $30–40 per session,” he said. “It’s a good service; we’ve got a lot of variety in terms of the trainers we have.”
U of O students take advantage of personal trainers Personal training at the U of O offers Stotesbury a lot more freedom—whereas at a private gym he had little latitude to design individual routines for his clients, at the U of O he can be more creative.
from the sidelines
Katherine DeClerq Sports Editor
Accountable. Farewell FOR SOME, THE change in seasons means rummaging in your closet for a scarf or a hat, getting out your thick sweaters, and ensuring you always have cash on hand for a hot beverage. However, for sport fans at the U of O, it means something different altogether. As soon as we see our own breath in the crisp November air, our minds switch to one thing and one thing only—hockey. But of course, the winter sport season offers so much more than that. Some teams
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photo by Egor Evseev
O N L I N E
Stotesbury wants to encourage students to use the personal training service at the university because the trainers are professionals and will build clients a routine that is adaptable to each individual’s lifestyle.
“You don’t want to have this cookie-cutter program you’re giving to each client.” f
will make their way to the Canadian Interuniversity Sport championships, while others will bear witness to their bitter end in the playoffs and others are just beginning their season in their respective conferences. I’m sure you’ve all read our winter varsity previews (or at least I like to think you did), featuring the women’s volleyball team and the men’s and women’s basketball teams. The volleyball team is well on its way with a record of 4-1 so far, and the basketball teams will be starting their season this week. Other teams are being forced to say goodbye. The football team just made their exit on Oct. 29 with a loss to Windsor. It was a disappointing day for Gees fans when the final clock struck zero and the score remained 50-33 on their first playoff game. Although their season ended abruptly, they had a good run—they played with a good defensive line and their offence was strong. Their problem: Consistency. Our team was very good, but they lacked the chemistry necessary to play to their full potential every week.
The women’s rugby team will also be leaving the field with a record of 2-4 in the regular season. The team was full of confidence, but they weren’t able to compete with the other teams in the RSEQ, especially Laval—the team Ottawa was unfortunate enough to play against twice. The strength of the team can’t be denied, but again, consistency of play was lacking. These two teams had so much potential, but they didn’t have the stamina to compete in the playoffs. The sports of rugby and football are demanding to say the least, and always fun to watch. But alas, we must say goodbye, and wish them better luck next year. But never fear, sports fans—the women’s soccer team is on its way to the CIS championships and our hockey teams are holding strong. There are still lots of sports to watch, lots of Gees who need cheering. Let’s say our final farewell to the teams that have passed, and move on to show our support and pride in our winter varsity sports.
For more information, visit GeeGees.ca/ node/967
email@example.com (613) 562-5931
Abortion debate on campus One writer weighs in on the upcoming abortion debate. Have the University of Ottawa Students for Life done everything they could to encourage debate?
Hollywood marriages—why won’t they work? Kim Kardashian was married for less than three months, Zooey Deschanel for less than three years. In our opinion piece, we think we know the reason why none of these unions are working. Professor discuses zombies from multidisciplinary approach Two years after mapping out what would take place should a zombie apolcalypse occur, professor Robert Smith? has published a collection of essays on the undead.
thefulcrum.ca | Nov. 10–16, 2011
sports | 17
Double win at home for men’s hockey Gees beat Queen’s and RMC Kyle Nightingale | Fulcrum Contributor
THE UNIVERSITY OF Ottawa men’s hockey team (5-4-1) took a step in the right direction this weekend. The team succeeded in going 2-0 during a two-game home faceoff against the Queen’s Golden Gaels (5-3-1) on Nov. 4 and the RMC Paladins (2-7) on Nov. 5.
photo by Sean Done
ROUGHING UP THE ICE Gees skate fast and furiously on Nov. 5 game against the Paladins
The team was unable to muster any offence during the first two periods of their Nov. 4 game, but the Gees turned it around during the third when fi rst-year forwards Stephen Blunden and Alexandre Touchette each scored a goal. The score was 2-2 at the end of regulation time, and after an uneventful overtime period, the teams went into a shootout. The Garnet and Grey were able to slide two past the goaltender from Queen’s and steal a 3-2 victory. “It’s a good win for us because they are a top team in the standings right now,” explained head coach Réal Paiement in an interview with Sports Services after the game. “We’ve played a lot of tough
games early on in the season where we’ve been shut down. Now we need to build from [this win] and get on a roll.” The Gees-Gees were able to do exactly that on Nov. 5, when the team took to the ice for their second home game of the weekend against the Royal Military College Paladins. Dominant physical play and strong offensive pressure saw the squad blow out the Paladins by a score of 5-1. “Those are the most dangerous games,” said Paiement of playing games you know you can win. “You look at the stats and you should win … but you have to do the work to win.” The Gees started the first period strong, getting the puck deep into their
opponent’s defensive zone and following through with a hard forecheck. The Gees worked the cycle in the Paladins zone and used their physical strength to dominate the play throughout most of the first period. Despite being out-played, the Paladins scored the first goal of the game. The Gees didn’t let the goal affect their game as they continued to pressure the RMC team. Ottawa eventually got a goal of their own when first-year forward Guillaume Donovon redirected a shot by third-year defence Thomas Baubriau, tying up the score at 1-1. “[It was a] second-effort goal and that’s what we’re going to have to do a lot of, because the fancy plays are not working
out for us. We have to be more selfish and shoot the puck and go to the net like we did there,” explained Paiement. During the second period, the pace of the game slowed with both teams battling for possession in the neutral zone. The Gees were able to get one goal before the period ended on a pass by second-year forward Luc-Olivier Blain to fourth-year forward Tim Drager, who capitalized on the opportunity in the slot to fi nish the period with a 2-1 lead. The Gee-Gees took the momentum they gained during the end of the second period and took advantage of the worn out RMC team. Blain got his second point of the game when he banged home a re-
bound off a shot from fourth-year forward Matthieu Methot. First-year forward Craig Moore sealed the victory scoring two more goals toward the end of the period, making it a 5-1 game for the Gee-Gees. “It was very important to start getting on a roll here. We keep saying we’re playing tough teams, but you [have to] win those games,” said Paiement after the game. “We hadn’t won at home until yesterday [and] we have a tough fi nish to the season so it was important to get two wins this weekend.” f The Gee Gees head out on the road for two games next weekend against Ryerson University on Nov. 11 and RMC on Nov. 12.
Continuing to qualify for CIS Men’s and women’s swimming teams beat two of three Katarina Lukich | Fulcrum Staff
THE COMPETITION WAS tight as the Gee-Gees faced off against Carleton University, the University of Guelph, and Queen’s University at the quad meet hosted by the University of Ottawa swimming team on Nov. 4. The Gee-Gees fought hard and showcased their aquatic abilities by beating Carleton and Queen’s in team scores, losing to Guelph by a marginal three points on the women’s team 118-115
and 10 points on the men’s 117.5-107.5. The Gees men’s team won by a large margin against Carleton 148-39 and Queen’s 144-24, while the women’s team scored similarly, 173-28 against Carleton and 166-51 against Queen’s. According to head coach Claude-Yves Bertrand, the results are more than just about who comes out on top. “The plan was to look at where they are in their fitness level, not necessarily their times. I wanted to see a pattern of a race and it’s exactly what we saw.” The meet saw three more swimmers qualify for the Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) nationals in February—firstyears Eryn Weldon in the 200M individual medley, Nicole Lachance in the 800M freestyle, and Taylor Moore in the 200M backstroke—bringing the total of GeeGees who have qualified up to five.
“I was really happy with it,” said Weldon about her racing successes during the meet. “I was faster … and that’s what I was going for tonight.” “These meets are a bit harder because you don’t get any rest … so we knew it was going to be hard to come into it looking to race as hard as you can [against] more than the times, [but] race [against] the people beside you and everyone around you.” Weldon has bigger aspirations than just the CIS championships. When asked about her personal goals for the rest of the season, she explained that she wants to improve and possibly make her way to Olympic standards. “Last year I had some best times,” she said. “This year I want to go even faster— [especially] leading up to Olympic trials— you want to go in with best times and
The plan was to look at where they are in their fitness level, not necessarily their times. I wanted to see a pattern of a race and it’s exactly what we saw. —Claude-Yves Bertrand, Gees head coach
swim fast. And definitely at CIS you want to have some best times there.” Though it is still early in the swim season, the success of the last few meets are strong indicators of the athlete’s progress as they work to trim time from their personal bests, all in the hopes of qualifying for the CIS. “Swimming is a strange sport, in the sense that it’s like track and field,” commented Bertrand on the preparation leading up to the meet. “We want them to do well, of course, but we are really paying attention to CIS. You train all that time to [swim] races at CIS in February, so the other races are to check mark where you are in the training.” f Both the men’s and women’s swimming teams will travel to Toronto for a dual meet Nov. 11 at 4:30 p.m.
18 | sports
thefulcrum.ca | Nov. 10–16, 2011
Get your passes, people! Foolproof fitness Act fast and save on a season of snowy fun Jaclyn Lytle | Fulcrum Staff
NOW THAT THE temperature has dropped below zero, there’s absolutely no denying it: Winter is on its way whether you like it or not. If you consider yourself a snow bunny, or fi nd you have a tendency to romp around outdoors in the winter rather than staying huddled up inside, then this is the week for you. The world of winter sports has turned into a world of deals, and now is the time to take advantage. Get serious about ski hills Avid skiers and boarders alike will appreciate the magnificence of the ski hills that can be found just outside Ottawa. Downhill-loving dudes and dames need drive no further than Mont Ste-Marie, located less than an hour outside of downtown Ottawa, to experience some serious ski action. Boasting two fullsized hills, runs of various difficulties, a full board park, and a bunny hill for beginners, Mont Ste-Marie is a mountain worth investing in. The hill is offering an early bird sale on season passes right
Need some night action? Late-night classes or complicated work schedules can make it hard for students to fi nd the time to pack up their equipment and hit the hills at all during the I’m skating away… winter—let alone enough to justify buyWhile some students are aware that Ottawa houses the he largest outdoor skating ing an entire season pass. pa For occasional skiers and boarders interested in getting rink in the world, orld, many are unaware int more bang for their buck, Camp Forof the 21 indoor oor skattune has ing rinks available ilable h an exceptional offer. The hill, located for public use a m mere 15-minute throughout the drive outside downcity. For less ess driv tutown Ottawa, not tow than $20, stuonly offers excepdents can access ess on tional night skiing the rinks for an ti h, ffrom 4 p.m. to 10 entire month, p.m., but also ofand for under er fers two-for-one $40 they can n ll deals on lift passuse them all es Wednesdays winter long. If and Saturdays. you’re a hockey key The hills may be aficionado, sesmall, but when you’re rious about figure photo illustration by Mico Mazza skating, or just ust looking to paying about $12.50 per person, who cares? It’s better brush up on your skills, the quality ice than not getting any outdoor action at and minisculee cost make City of Ottawa all. rinks well worth opening your wallet. f now, so thrill-seeking students should buy now before the prices jump by 25 per cent.
Bearing the cold Sarah Horlick | Fulcrum Contributor
MY FIRST YEAR in Ottawa, I flat out refused to adapt my activities to the cold weather. I had grown up on the West Coast, where skiing, golfing, and surfing were perfectly normal ways to spend a December afternoon. Thus, I thought nothing of it when I pulled on my thin layers of Under Armour and headed outside for a jog to Parliament Hill one December day. Did I mention it was -25 C? Numb from the cold, I didn’t realize the extent of what I had done until I had returned to residence. My roommates were quick to point out the purplish welts that were spreading all over my body and the contents of my sinuses, which had migrated all over my face. They rolled me up in several blankets like a frozen burrito and fed me shots of Baileys until I could once again feel all of my extremities. Learn from my mistake, friends. There will come a time when it is necessary to move your outdoor workout inside. When that time comes, remember that there is al-
Sports in the Fulcrum isn’t enough?
and stay moti ot vate ways a way to keep fit and motivated. Be prepared and keep a change of gym clothes, a water bottle, and running shoes packed at all times. Keep this in your backpack, so you’ll be more likely to head to the gym after a lecture in Montpetit, or by the door, so that you can grab it for a quick morning workout. Pick a friend or two and try a group fitness class. They are held indoors (score) and you will generate enough body heat to forget all about the four feet of snow visible outside the windows. Group fitness classes are offered seven days a week at multiple times throughout the day so you can squeeze one in before or after class. Check the schedule out here: GeeGees.ca/ node/942?cat=1 Have a backup plan in case the walk to the gym seems completely unbearable. Keep a yoga mat, a few free weights, and a balance ball in your room, and improvise if necessary. Another fun alternative is a dance party. Crank the cheesy ‘90s music (think The Hit Zone) and keep moving. f Pro tip: Close the blinds first.
scoreboard 2-1 playoffs
Soccer (W) Gees Gees
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FEATURES Kristyn Filip | firstname.lastname@example.org | (613) 562-5258
Dear Di, I’m in my early 20s and still a virgin. I’ve had the opportunity to have sex, but it didn’t feel right. I’m still holding out for when I feel ready, but the older I get, the more left out I feel. I’m starting to feel like a huge loser. Am I weird for waiting? —Waiting and Waiting Dear WW, In a word: No! You are not “weird” for waiting to lose your virginity. You are not bizarre, strange, or a loser. I know it seems like every single student on campus spends all of his or her spare time sucking and sexing every consenting adult in sight and, admittedly, some do; however, there are tons of 20-somethings wandering around with their V-cards tucked fi rmly away in their back pockets. I know this because they’re all sending me countless emails exactly like the one I received from you. The decision to keep your genitals closed to the public until further notice is nothing to be ashamed of. There is no such thing as a “right” or “wrong” time to hop on a penis, penetrate a vagina, or explore an anus. It’s your body, decision, and business, and not that of anyone else. Turning down the past opportunities you’ve had to pop your cherry or insert your sausage tells me you know yourself well and can trust your own instincts.
These are hard-to-come-by qualities you should be proud of—I have some friends who can barely dress themselves without consulting others! In all honesty, I’m a little jealous of you. Instead of losing your virginity to a clueless, fumbling teenager in the back of your mom’s car, you have the opportunity to do it with someone who truly gets your below-the-belt juices gushing. Just imagine how hot it will be when you fi nally roll around in the sack with the right person. Keep your head held high, have sex when you’re ready, and in the meantime: Masturbate. Love, Di Dear Di, I’m in a serious relationship with my boyfriend and we’ve even talked about marriage; however, I have recently begun banging his HIV-positive brother, whom my man is close with. It’s not my fault the guy has abs more shredded than a Julienne salad! I feel like I need to tell my boyfriend, but I don’t want to lose him. Is there any easy way of doing this? —Banging His Brother Dear BHB, I’ve been a sex columnist for a long time. I like to believe I’ve seen it all, but every once in a while, I receive a letter so shocking that even I am thrown for a loop. Reading your words felt like riding on the worst kind of roller coaster. You say you don’t want to lose your
boyfriend; however, given the circumstances, I predict no other outcome to the situation. Many people fi nd it nearly impossible to forgive a partner for cheating with a nameless, faceless person, but what you and your man’s brother have done is much worse than a run-of-the mill indiscretion. It is the ultimate form of betrayal. You have options here, but I don’t think any are going to tickle your fancy, as they all end with you boyfriendless and your man broken-hearted. You can come clean and risk destroying your boy’s family, or you can end it for generic reasons and spare him the trauma he’ll inevitably suffer from hearing the truth. Regardless of how you choose to do it, you need to leave this shit show of a love triangle—stat. End the entire affair and get out before the situation becomes even worse. Your man’s health and heart hang in the balance. You mention nothing about using condoms with either of the boys. I sincerely hope you’ve been protected each and every time you’ve had sex. Your actions risk passing on a deadly and incurable virus to someone you presumably love enough to consider marrying. I urge you to get yourself tested for STIs and HIV as soon as possible and to encourage your boyfriend to do the same. Love, Di Questions for Di? Email email@example.com or find her on Twitter (@Dear_di) or Facebook (Di Daniels)
Sexy Sidenote: In the Victorian era, it was common for prostitutes to wear pubic hair wigs called “merkins.”
answers on p. 6 (CUP) — Puzzles provided by BestCrosswords.com. Used with permission.
“Suggestions” | XKCD
Across 1- Winglike parts; 5- Actual; 9- Exile isle; 13- Pelvic bones; 15- As a result; 16- Bottom of the barrel; 17- _ nous; 18- Carson’s predecessor; 19- Hard to hold; 20- Summer drink; 21- Civil disturbance; 23- Pamper; 25- Cushions; 26- Birthplace of St. Francis; 27- Plant-eating aquatic mammal; 30- Howe’er; 31- Long for; 32- Esemplastic; 37- Apex, pinnacle; 38- Camera setting; 40- Zeno’s home; 41- Antidote; 43- Dens; 44- Hit sign; 45- Ancient Egyptian king; 47- Yellowish color; 50- Belonging to us; 51- Surroundings; 52- Capital of the Ukraine; 53- Cad or heel; 56- Getting _ years; 57- Masked critter; 59- From the beginning: Lat.; 61- Prison; 62- Romance novelist Victoria; 63- Alleviates; 64- Compassionate; 65- Epic narrative poem; 66- Hang around; Down 1- Between ports; 2- Ground; 3- Entr’ _ ; 4- Be human; 5- Sleep; 6- Part of Q.E.D.; 7- Turkish title; 8- “Your _ “; said to a British judge; 9- Nicholas Gage book; 10- City in West Yorkshire; 11- Attorney Melvin; 12- _ sow, so shall...; 14- Add fizz; 22- Chemical ending; 24- Beginning; 25- Street machine; 26- _ extra cost; 27- Future doc’s exam; 28- Flatfoot’s lack; 29- Appoint; 32- “Respect for Acting” author Hagen; 33- A long time; 34- Bones found in the hip; 35- Emperor of Rome 5468; 36- Deep cut; 38- Fierce; 39- Flat-bottomed boat; 42- Archipelago part; 43- Immature insects; 45- Indicates a direction; 46- Color; 47- Biblical mount; 48- Set straight; 49- Covered on the inside; 51- Deride; 52- Serbian folk dance; 53- Damage, so to speak; 54- Eye layer; 55- Cheerful; 58- Alley _ ; 60- _ -relief;
It happened this week in history
THE FULCRUM 1993
THE WORLD 1922
Our news section includes a story about the dramatic increase of reported incidents of sexual harassment on the U of O campus.
The Supreme Court of Canada declares a fetus has no right to life under common law.
Organizers cancel the Montreal Santa Claus Parade due to increased violence in the city.
The BBC begins radio service in the United Kingdom.
20 | features
thefulcrum.ca | Nov. 10–16, 2011
thethryllabus Music Nov. 10: The Famines, The Nymphets, Dagger Eyes, and Pregnancy Scares play Babylon (317 Bank St.), 10 p.m. Nov. 10: Malajube, The Besnard Lakes, and The Darcys play Ritual (137 Besserer St.), 8 p.m. Nov. 11: Darkness Rites, Denounced, Sleep is for the Dead, Equalizer, and Wolves in Stride play Leslie Hall (35 Clothier St.), 6:30 p.m. Nov. 11: Sainthood Reps, Lipstick Lesbian, and Shahman play Café Dekcuf (221 Rideau St.), 9 p.m. Nov. 11: Trampled By Turtles and Jonny Corndawg play Mavericks (221 Rideau St.), 8 p.m. Nov. 11: GARAGA and Shakey Aches play Dominion Tavern (33 York St.), 9 p.m. Nov. 12: Cuff The Duke and Hooded Fang play Mavericks (221 Rideau St.), 9 p.m. Nov. 12: Ornaments, The Ticket, The Superlative, and Glenn Nuotio play the Elmdale Tavern (1084 Wellington St.), 9 p.m. Nov. 14: Arkona, Talamyus, Bolero, and Sonburst play Mavericks (221 Rideau St.), 7 p.m.
Nov. 15: The Snips, Permanent Bastards, Inside Riot, Hamilton, and Fractures play Café Dekcuf (221 Rideau St.), 8 p.m.
Want your event listed on the thryllabus? Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Welsh displayed at the Cube Gallery (1285 Wellington St. W.)
Nov. 16: LMFAO plays Scotiabank Place (1000 Palladium Dr.), 7 p.m.
Now–Jan. 8: David Askevold’s Once Upon a Time in the East displayed at the National Gallery of Canada (380 Sussex Dr.)
Nov. 17: Bruce Peninsula and The BP Revue play Raw Sugar Café (692 Somerset St. W.), 8:30 p.m.
Now–March 18: The works of Louise Bourgeois displayed at the National Gallery of Canada (380 Sussex Dr.)
Nov. 17: Delhi 2 Dublin plays Mavericks (221 Rideau St.), 8:30 p.m.
Nov. 19: My Dad Vs Yours, Rolf Klausener, and Mike Dubue play St. Brigid’s Centre (302 St. Patrick St.), 8:30 p.m. Nov. 19: Unexpect, Argus Panoptes, and Dissentient play Mavericks (221 Rideau St.), 7 p.m.
Nov.10: Starbuck plays at the ByTowne Cinema (325 Rideau St.), 7 p.m. Nov. 11: Immortals, Edgar, Jack and Jill, and Melancholia released to theatres
Nov. 11: House by the Cemetary plays at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 11:15 p.m.
Now–Nov. 20: Decolonize Me displayed at the Ottawa Art Gallery (2 Daly Ave.)
Nov. 15: The Whistleblower plays at the ByTowne Cinema (325 Rideau St.), 4:30 p.m.
Now–Nov. 25: Camille Brisebois and the National Capital Network of Sculptors showcase displayed at the Shenkman Arts Centre (245 Centrum Blvd.)
Nov. 16: The Descendants released to theatres
Now–Nov. 27: Works by Victoria Wonnacott displayed at the Cube Gallery (1285 Wellington St. W.) Now–Nov. 27: Works by Alison Smith-
Nov. 16: The Skin I Live In plays at the ByTowne Cinema (325 Rideau St.), 6:55 p.m. Nov. 17: The Way plays at the ByTowne Cinema (325 Rideau St.), 4:30 p.m.
Nov. 17: Genocide Revealed plays at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 7 p.m. Nov. 18: Happy Feet Two and The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn released to theatres Nov. 19: Melancholia plays at the ByTowne Cinema (325 Rideau St.), 6:40 p.m. Nov. 19: The Last House on the Left plays at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 11:15 p.m.
Gees play the University of Windsor Lancers at Montpetit Hall (125 University Pvt.), 6 p.m. Nov. 18: Men’s hockey: Gee-Gees play the Ryerson University Rams at the Sports Complex (801 King Edward Ave.), 7 p.m. Nov. 19: Men’s basketball: Gee-Gees play the University of Western Ontario Mustangs at Montpetit Hall (125 University Pvt.), 8 p.m. Miscellaneous happenings
Nov. 20: The African Queen plays at the ByTowne Cinema (325 Rideau St.), 1:15 p.m.
Nov. 11: Remembrance Day ceremony takes place at the National War Memorial (located in Confederation Square)
Nov. 14: The Women in Science and Engineering (U of O chapter) are hosting “Maximizing Connections,” a networking workshop at SITE (800 King Edward Ave.), 6 p.m.
Now–Nov. 13: Whispering Pines plays at the Great Canadian Theatre Company (1233 Wellington St. W.) Now–Nov. 19: And Slowly Beauty... plays at the National Arts Centre (53 Elgin St.)
Nov. 16: The Ottawa Law Review is hosting a live auction for the Snowsuit Fund Campaign at Fauteux Hall (57 Louis Pasteur Pvt.), 9 a.m.
Nov. 16: Swing-Night: A night of swing dancing hosted by the Student Association of the Faculty of Arts at Café Alt (60 University Pvt.), 9 p.m.
Nov. 12: Women’s hockey: Gee-Gees play the University of Montreal Carabins at the Sports Complex (801 King Edward Ave.), 7 p.m. Nov. 18: Women’s basketball: Gee-
Nov. 20: Ottawa Authors & Artisans Fair 2011 at the Jack Purcell Centre (320 Jack Purcell Lane), 10 a.m.
The Fulcrum will be hosting seminars on a variety of subjects throughout the next two weeks. If you are interested in journalism, editing, photography, or layout, check out Thefulcrum.ca/volunteers/
OPINIONS Jaclyn Lytle | email@example.com | (613) 562-5258
In praise of inequality Why we need a little class struggle in our lives Ryan Mallough | Fulcrum Staff
vantage. When did being able to provide for one’s family stop being a marker of success? That a family has managed to maintain and grow its wealth for generations in a capitalist system should draw the greatest respect, not disdain for not sharing with the undeserving. There is equality in capitalism: Everyone has an equal opportunity to succeed. Regardless of gender, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, or economic background, in a capitalist system we are all able to make money. Our economy cannot be predicated on equalization amongst individuals. To do so would punish success, and worse, foster complacency. In recent days there have been calls to curb “excessive inequality.” What exactly constitutes excessive? How much richer or more successful is someone allowed to be? Occupy may have begun as a protest about fairness, but it has become one about jealousy. We are born equal. We die equal. Everything in between is competition. That is capitalism. That is democracy. That is life. f
photo illustr ation by M ico M a z za
THE OCCUPY PROTESTS are in their third week in Canadian cities. Fuelled by people upset with the practices of banking institutions and the economic divide between the wealthy and everyone else, “We are the 99 per cent!” has become their rallying cry. But it is not our poorest that are out protesting. In fact, the poorest 20 per cent have seen a reasonable increase in income—20 per cent for the poorest Canadians—in the past 20 years. I guess “We are the 30 per cent!” doesn’t have the same ring to it. There have been protesters who have voiced their anger at the lack of jobs in Canada—a reasonable thing to protest amongst all classes, as the job market has not completely rebounded from the economic recession of 2008. However, the bulk of Occupy protest-
ers worldwide are not offended by the lack of job creation. They are protesting the system that allows for both multibillionaires and the penniless. They are protesting the divide in income, and are demanding equalization. They are protesting capitalism. It is true that, in a capitalist system, it is difficult for the poor to change their economic circumstances, but they still have the opportunity to do so. In Canada, unlike our neighbours to the South, we have comprehensive social welfare assistance designed to help people realize their full potential. Our school systems are globally recognized as top tier, our banking institutions provide comparatively affordable student loans, and we have a strong network of scholarships and bursaries for post-secondary education at both the federal and provincial level. Our system provides for those who want to better their lot in life, and who fight to do so by getting a quality education and thus a quality job. The onus is on the individual to improve his or her own circumstances. People must work for success and, in our country, they are given equal opportunity to do so. But no government is responsible for buying you an iPod, purchasing you a larger house, or ensuring you can keep up with the Joneses. On the other end of the spectrum, those born into wealthy backgrounds are met with the criticism of an unfair ad-
Monologue of a dumb tattoo Jaclyn Lytle | Fulcrum Staff
illustration by Brennan Bova
HEY GIRL, IT’S me! You know, me, down here sitting on the small of your back. That’s right, it’s your tramp stamp, and we need to talk. Ever since you snagged that sweet office job, I’ve been starting to feel like I’m getting a bit neglected back here. No moisturizing balm, no talk of those touch ups I so desperately need to fi ll my fading tribal lines—it’s like you don’t even care about me anymore! When you fi rst got me we used to do such fun things together. Remember all those raunchy Facebook photos you took of yourself in your underwear? There I was, the crowning glory of your butt, decorating that backside like only a tramp stamp could. Now you seem more inclined to—dare I say it?—cover me up than show me off. Now, I know, your mom did cry an awful lot when she fi rst saw me. But who is to say those weren’t tears of happiness, cried to compliment your father’s shouts of joy? Besides, it’s only been six months—I’m sure they’ll call eventually. Oh, and I heard that new guy you’re dating and all he had to say about “senseless tattoos” being “immature and unattractive,” but who cares what he has to say? If you want my opinion, I think you should drop him and go back to that
edgy guy with all the piercings. He loved me, and he appreciated the fact that I was both intricate and cheap. When is he out of jail anyway? Think of all the good times we’ve had together, like when you used to lay in the sun and expose my still-scabbed surface to the harsh Cancun sun. Or how about when you and that one night stand were doing it doggy-style and he had the fun of using me as a target? You used to say those were the best days of your life. Listen, lady, you really need to smarten up if you want me to stick around. I’ve seen all those pamphlets for laser ink removal treatments and, frankly, I don’t appreciate it. Who are you kidding? You and I both know you don’t have $3,000 to spend on the dozen sessions it will take to get rid of me for good. If you did, you would have spent a lot more than $30 on a freehand tattoo from a blind man named Buck and maybe gotten something you actually wanted. Babe, I’m begging you: Let’s try to make this work. We never did come up with a story to explain my supposed “symbolism” to all those chumps with meaningful tattoos. Why don’t we start there? With a made-up meaning attached to my existence, maybe you’ll f warm up to me again.
22 | opinions
thefulcrum.ca | Nov. 10–16, 2011
The forgotten territories
Ontarians talk territories THE FULCRUM ASKED some of our readers what they think about Canada’s territories. Are they as important to our country as the provinces?
Jaclyn Lytle | Fulcrum Staff
“The territories are our final frontier!” —Herbert Little
Click ‘yes’ if you are 16 or older AN EIGHT-YEAR-OLD BOY has gained significant online notoriety lately for his antics on the fast-chat website Chatroulette.com. The child, whose name and location remain unknown, has garnered laughs for his racist, sexist, and swearridden comments to his unsuspecting chat partners. Many Chatroulette.com users and anonymous online commentators have responded with shock, wondering how a child so young has access to the 16-plus site. Like most age-restricted websites, however, Chatroulette.com merely prompts users to confirm the year of their birth to establish they are old enough to use the service. Is it appalling the boy involved has been granted such unlimited access to the Internet, or is this telling of how ineffectual online precautions can be?
“Oh, I’m sure there’s some kind of a thing we can rape that land for. I mean, they’re beautiful natural spectacles.” —Evan Abrams “If only the territories received the same amount of human security through water quality. They are important [and] as a nation we should treat them that way.” —Victoria Marie Lopez
Harper: 1, French: 0 STEPHEN HARPER’S CONSERVATIVE government made a controversial announcement last week when it declared its intention to appoint anglophone Michael Ferguson to the position of auditor general. While bilingualism is a requirement for the job, supporters have argued that Ferguson’s experience should be prized over his inability to communicate in both official languages. The third English-only Conservative minister to accept a highprofile appointment since the Harper majority victory, Ferguson has declared his intention to study hard and brush up on his French as fast as possible. Is Ferguson’s inability to meet the language requirements of his job enough to put his appointment on the chopping block, or does his extensive experience make up for his failure to speak en français? The show must go on ONLY A FEW days following the unexpected and untimely death of Gwar producer and guitarist Cory Smoot, the band has made the decision to—keep touring? Smoot, who performs under the Flattus Maximus persona, was found dead on the metal band’s tour bus last week. Discovered by fellow band member Dave Brockie, Smoot was found as the band attempted to enter Canada in order to embark on the next leg of their tour. While Gwar has said that they will retire Smoot’s costume and persona, they will continue to play their Canadian shows until the scheduled end of their tour. Is this an incredible show of the band’s dedication to their fans, or blatant disregard for the death of a fellow musician?
Care to comment? Tell us what your opinion is at Thefulcrum.ca/category/opinions/.
illustration by Devin Beauregard
One part of Canada is too easily dismissed Jeanette Carney | Fulcrum Contributor
I WAS BORN and raised in Yukon. Growing up, I learned about all the different provinces and territories of Canada, as did anyone else with a Canadian elementary school education. I knew the territories’ population represented less than one per cent of our country and that we were a demographic minority. Still, I figured I lived the same reality as anyone else in Canada. Then last year I moved to Ottawa, in the province of Onterrible. That’s when I realized—after Grade 2 social studies— the rest of Canada forgot the territories exist.
It’s long, it’s hard, it’s Ivory. It will erect your attention.
Ivory Antenna: Wednesdays at noon on CHUO 89.1 fm.
In my classes, every time a professor or student referred to Canada, it was always as “the provinces of Canada,” forcing me to mutter “and territories” under my breath. Th is gives me the impression people don’t think the territories matter—but they should. Nunavut, Yukon, and the Northwest Territories make up 40 per cent of Canada’s land mass, and the mega projects that take place in those non-provinces bring in billions of dollars to the Canadian economy annually. Is that not enough to make them matter? Sorry, Ontario, but you haven’t been holding up your end economically for the past 15 years, and we don’t forget to mention you. The widespread tendency to ignore the territories when discussing Canada pissed me off, but the cherry on top that blew up the cake was the article called “Unparalleled Provinces” that the Fulcrum put out on Oct. 20. Sure, I can handle a few “Canada and its provinces” every once in a while—just like I can handle it when my best friends offer me some milk even though I’ve been lactose intolerant for three years. But actually writing an entire article about Canada’s regions without men-
tioning any of the territories? That’s like offering me a four-course meal dripping in cream, four-cheese alfredo sauce, and milk chocolate. For a country that boasts about its inclusion and multiculturalism, we seem to forget about the 100,000 people living up North a lot of the time. If this kind of widespread ignorance was directed at another group, it would be all over the news, House of Commons, radio, streets—everywhere. People would be outraged, up in arms, and giving the fi nger to Stephen Harper. The territories should not be forgotten. We are lucky to have these hidden gems, just as America is lucky to boast of Hawaii and Alaska. Americans see Alaska as their treasure, and even Sarah Palin can’t ruin that for them. Regardless of the fact that few Canadians will ever make their way up to the territories or how expensive they are to visit, they’re part of Canada, they’re part of who we are, and we can’t leave them out. Next time you’re talking about Canada and its different regions, just take the extra 0.8 seconds to mention the territories. You’re sure to be making at least one Yukonner happy. f
“They should be, but I’m not sure our government has realized that.” —Eleni Armenakis “Yes!!!!” —Alyssa Gagnier
“If diamonds are a girl’s best friend, I should say so.” —Simon Whitehouse
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Mercedes Mueller | firstname.lastname@example.org | (613) 562-5261
Down the debt drain we go
Volume 72, Issue 11, Nov. 10–16, 2011 Getting inked since 1942. Phone: (613) 562-5261 | Fax: (613) 562-5259 631 King Edward Ave. Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5
Can reforms to government-
Recycle this, or get your tattoo removed.
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programs pull us out in time? “THE CRUSHING WEIGHT of student debt.” “Student debt bankrupting a generation.” “A financially challenged generation is slipping through the cracks.” A quick glance of recent news headlines is enough to make any 17-year-old kid wary of entering the institutions of higher learning—and any current student sick to his or her stomach. Nearly two million Canadians have student loans, totalling $20 billion worth of debt in the form of federal and provincial government loans, credit cards, lines of credit, and personal loans. As if that figure wasn’t enough to raise concerns about student debt levels, the federal government’s decision to raise the $15-billion cap on its federal student loan program last fall—exceeding the threshold of the program four to five years earlier than previously anticipated—signified the growing importance of student debt to both students and policy-makers alike. Solutions to student debt have been kicked around by various organizations. The Canadian Federation of Students (CFS) advocates for the progressive reduction of tuition fees. Although this seems like a simple enough solution, increased enrolment rates encouraged by lower fees force universities to limit the number of undergraduates they accept each year because of increased costs and overcrowding on campuses. Th is unintended effect is in direct conflict with the CFS’s mandate to lower tuition fees in order to increase the number of Canadians receiving a university education. Some members of the Occupy move-
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ments have suggested completely wiping out student debt. Similar to subsidizing tuition fees, debt forgiveness of university graduates acts as an income transfer from the poor to the rich. Completely erasing the debt of those most likely from middle- to high-income households exemplifies the same dynamic that triggered the Occupy movement: The unfair way in which the poor are forced to pay for the economic choices of society’s wealthiest. Governments and policy-makers need to strive for long-term solutions to high levels of student debt, as well as increased delinquency and default rates amongst graduates. The key, however, is not in lowering tuition fees or even erasing decades worth of debt. It lies in reforming the loan-repayment system itself. One of the main factors contributing to loan repayment is income after graduation. In Ontario, for example, students are expected to start paying back their provincially funded loans six months after graduation—but few students jump from university classes into well-paying jobs. Many choose to take time off before starting another degree, volunteer to add to their skill set, or take on an unpaid internship.
Income-contingency repayment programs require graduates to reach a certain income level before they are required to make payments on their debt. Although this approach has its flaws—it extends the time it takes for women who leave the workforce to have children and those with less lucrative jobs to pay off their loans—it does lessen the financial burden on graduates who start out in the working world in poorly paid positions. Two other key considerations are the conditions of loan repayment and the amount of debt issued. Canadian graduates tend to make higher payments on their debt with respect to their income after graduation because they face high interest rates; however, throughout their schooling, interest on their loans is paid by the government. Charging one consistent, low interest rate throughout the loan period—as opposed to subsidizing interest payments during school and raising them dramatically after graduation—would reduce Canadian students’ debt to income ratio significantly. The Canadian government attempts to ease the total debt of students by setting a maximum limit on the amount of debt a student can acquire through govern-
ment-funded loan programs. If the total amount of a student’s loan in a one-year period exceeds this threshold, the Canadian Millennium Scholarship Foundation pays the difference. Federal and provincial governments could consider other criteria of debt forgiveness. For example, in Germany, students who complete their studies early or perform at the top of their class receive debt remission of up to 25 per cent on their loans for that year. Universities and colleges themselves can also make use of these merit-based solutions by offering more scholarships for good students. The future of Canada’s economy lies in its possession of a highly skilled and educated workforce—and the strength of our post-secondary education system lies at the heart of this endeavour. Not only must we ensure that we are producing high-quality graduates, but we need to ensure these people—and our economy as a whole—aren’t burdened by debt. Otherwise an entire generation will slip through the cracks of our post-secondary system. firstname.lastname@example.org (613) 562-5261
The Fulcrum's issue, running from Nov. 10–16, 2011.