Volume 72, Issue 9 Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
Oh, the places you’ll go! INSIDE: Ottawa’s occupied, p. 5 Gees trump Trent, p. 26
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Mercedes Mueller | email@example.com | (613) 562-5261
In defence of U of O atheists Re: “Atheist instigators” (Opinions, Oct. 13)
IN MY INTERVIEW with Kelden Formosa, author of “Atheist Instigators” in last week’s edition of the Fulcrum, I explained why I believed portraying the prophet Muhammad was legitimate. Freedom of speech doesn’t just involve one’s right to speak their mind; it also involves one’s right to be exposed to the opinions of others. The moment one wishes to constrain the free expression of other people, either by implying that it may be in bad taste or by enforcing blasphemy laws (which still exist in Canada), they are doing a disservice to themselves. If depictions of Muhammad offend certain Muslims, then it should serve as a motivation for those Muslims to re-establish why they feel offence in the fi rst place. If, after careful contemplation, they truly believe stick figures labelled “Muhammad” are sacrilegious, then it should reaffi rm their beliefs about what is sacred to their faith. If not, then perhaps they will cease to consider such depictions offensive, like Muslim Student Association President Adam Gilani. Either way it will make them think; I don’t see how that could possibly be a negative thing. Freedom of speech is a secular value that should be cherished by everyone; blasphemy is a victimless crime. The beliefs of Muslims (and everyone else) are fair game and should be an active part of public discourse. Atheists, secularists, and those who do not affi liate with religion are frequently offended by the metaphysical claims of monotheistic faiths, especially when we are told that our unbelief merits a one-way ticket to hell. No moral atheist could think of an offence that a person (religious or otherwise) could commit that would justify a sentence of eternal torture. The concept
of hell is profane; it is the infl iction of agony for agony’s sake. Atheists also generally believe Muhammad’s claim to be a prophet and the Christian claim that Jesus rose bodily into heaven are preposterous. Irrational beliefs like these cannot expect to be isolated from caricature and lampoon. The drawing of Muhammad worked to attract like-minded students to our club, and to express the secular values we believe in. When a Muslim tells me I am going to suffer in hell for eternity because I don’t believe Allah exists, it does no one any good if I attempt to silence them implicitly or explicitly, even though I consider that to be a grotesque and offensive belief. Instead, I see it as motivation to re-establish why I believe Muhammad’s claim that the inerrant word of God was revealed to him by the Angel Gabriel in the seventh century is nonsense—and I’m quite confident in saying so.
of Canada’s interim leader Bob Rae. The event was awash with energy, vigour, and hardworking student support that did not jump ship. I would like to fi nish off this letter with a thank you to those who did not support our party on May 2. You cleared away the party fat, the elites, the lazy workers, and the entitled that have since been dismissed from our party. The election has provoked a necessary internal reflection. We are now a stronger and better party, looking to the people as intelligent citizens (not taxpayers) who do want to change the shape of and engage in their system of government. Thank you to all of our supporters and members. We hope to see all of you again soon, perhaps at the amazing Liberal convention taking place in January. Elliott Lockington Director of University of Ottawa Young Liberals Communications
Scott Keith President of the Atheist Community of the University of Ottawa Long live the Liberals SEPT. 25 OUTLINED, for me, the revival of Canadian Liberal ideology. As many of you know, May 2 was a terrible day for the Liberal Party of Canada. Our candidates were crushed in the federal election a short five months ago. That being said, this is not a letter of destruction but of rebirth. The University of Ottawa Young Liberals has seen an explosion in our number of active members, interested students, and participants. Sept. 25 was the fi rst of many Young Liberals events, and we started out the party and our own revival with a bang. Sixty students joined the club executive at the Heart and Crown to listen to our local Ontario Liberal candidates and the Liberal Party
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And the award for most dedicated Fulcrumite goes to... Kelden Formosa
Drop off letters at 631 King Edward Ave. or email firstname.lastname@example.org. Letters must include your name, telephone number, year, and program of study. Pseudonyms may be used after consultation with the Editor-in-Chief. We correct spelling and grammar to some extent. The Fulcrum will exercise discretion in printing letters that are deemed racist, homophobic, or sexist. We will not consider hate literature or libellous material. The Editor-in-Chief reserves the authority on everything printed herein.
News 5 | Arts 9 | Features 13 | Sports 23 | Opinions 29 | Editorial 31
U of O likes it on top 7
For taking the worst cyber beating of any first-time volunteer. Ever.
Send your letters to email@example.com Letters deadline: Sunday at 1 p.m. Letters must be under 500 words unless discussed with the Editor-in-Chief.
You gracefully accepted others’ points of view without backing away from your point. In the wise words of Tom Petty: “Don’t back down.”
University officially among top 200 in the world
It’s about more than the authors
Biannual writer’s festival rolls in this weekend
Happy trails to you 13–20 Welcome to the 2011 travel supplement
Almost too close to call
We like to party. We like, we like to party. Come join us at the Honest Lawyer on Wednesday, Nov. 9 @ 4:30 p.m. for our first-ever Journalism Meet & Greet. Meet old and new Fulcrumites and experts in the biz!
25 Men’s football beats Windsor 32-30 in last home game of regular season
Consenting with clothing 29
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The frightening new relationship between tight pants and sexual assault
Is our children learning? 31 Federalism and Canada’s education system
NEWS EDITOR Jane Lytvynenko | firstname.lastname@example.org | (613) 562-5260
Why are you occupying? Protesters explain their causes “We’re out here today to show our protest against the corporate greed in Canada. Our CEOs all got an increase in salaries since we took cutbacks. We’ve had enough, we want to have a salary we can live off.” —Anonymous Air Canada worker “I’m here to show support for the movement in the [United States]. I’m also in opposition of police brutality that we witnessed [at Occupy Wall Street]. I’m just hoping we can push for reform and get our governments to listen to our concerns.” —Stephen Kirby, third-year Carleton University student
photo by Mico Mazza
photo Kyle Hansford
“I’m just here to support the whole movement. I think it’s the most worthy cause to support. I don’t think there’s a uniting cause, but it is the fact that we’re being united at the bottom, we’re being oppressed by the government, that I support. We’re not going to take it.” —Jessica Leto, student at Carleton University “I’m here because I think the banks don’t deserve any of our money to survive. They should be left to flail.” —Andrew Riddles, Ottawa resident
ACTION AT CONFEDERATION PARK
photo by Kyle Hansford
photo by Egor Evseev
the U of O who attended Occupy Ottawa. “There’s no one thing that needs to be addressed. It’s really an entire issue of the [continuation of those in] power to continue to make profit at the expense of anyone who’s lesser than middle class.” Many protesters are fighting for causes they believe are important, whether on a local or worldwide scale. “We need total reform across the world, not just Canada and the United States, but everywhere,” said Kurby Bucciero, a thirdyear University of Ottawa student at the event. “It’s people over profit.” Some protesters plan to stay in the camp for an indefinite period of time, while others are coming and going. Increased participation in the movement allows more organization as time passes. “I think as the days go on, it’s getting more and more organized,” said Sarah Cochrane, a third-year Carleton University student. “Once [the organizers] figure out why people are here and what they’re looking to get out of it, things will get more organized.” Participants of Occupy Ottawa have plenty of resources at their disposal. A food tent full of donations was set up. There is also a media tent, where people can get in touch with protesters from other cities, send out press releases, and catch up on the news. So far there has only been one arrest, and it was drug, not protest, related.
Despite authorities often present at the site, the atmosphere of the Occupy camp is festive. Through frequent chants, the sounds of bongos and ukuleles are heard. Protesters say they are happy to be participating in the movement. “I think it’s great—I think it’s amazing— what’s going on right now,” said Broughton. Not everyone is supportive. Fourth-year political science student Ryan Mallough voiced his concerns with Occupy Canada in a phone interview with the Fulcrum. “I can get behind [the movement] on the American end, because while the protest is wildly incoherent, they’re basing it around the actions of the banks and the income gap between the wealthiest and poorest and the degrading middle class,” said Mallough. “In Canada, that’s just simply not the case,” he added. “Canada has weathered the global recession remarkably well. The class gap, as it were, in Canada, is nowhere near as large as in the [United} States. There’s really nothing there to be protesting.” Participants remain determined to fight for their cause, despite skepticism. “There must be another way we can conduct society, [and] we can conduct ourselves,” said Powell. “It’s sometimes a messy process, but it needs to be.” “We’re looking for solutions. We’re looking to talk about the issues, whatever they are,” Broughton added. f
Occupy Ottawa protesters rally in the capital
Wall Street movement comes to the capital Jane Lytvynenko | Fulcrum Staff
HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE collected in Confederation Park to show their support for Occupy Ottawa on Oct. 15, as a part of the global Occupy Together movement. About 60 people broke out colourful tents for the first night, and an estimated 70 stayed in the park the second night. Stemming from the Occupy Wall Street movement in New York City, protesters gathered across major Canadian cities, such as Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, and Ottawa to show their support for those occupying in America. “What this movement is achieving is showing the people that another way of thinking, of acting, and living is possible,” said Ben Powless, the facilitator of the general assemblies held every night by the protestors. “It’s one that doesn’t force us into confined structures.” Powless explained the movement is not necessarily about demands—right now it’s focused on asking questions. “A movement like this gains its identity through discussions,” said Powless. “It
gains its identity not from someone saying, ‘This is what we stand for,’ but from saying ‘How do we feel about this?’” In the Occupy Ottawa camp, a general assembly is held every day, where people can voice their thoughts and concerns. “The real innovative thing about this is it’s making this kind of [discussion] process very public in a very big way,” said Powless. “In a way, that is accessible to a lot of people.” Protesters are given the chance to join the committees, which focus on the role of art, media, safety, and law, among other things, in furthering the movement. These committees work on designated tasks throughout the day, and are called on to speak at the assembly as a group. “I’m doing legal observation, making sure the people’s rights are upheld,” said Mitchell Broughton, part of Occupy Ottawa’s legal committee. “Should anything happen, like [an] arrest, we’re just going to document it, and if we have to use it in court, it’s cool too.” Individuals are also able to voice their concerns in front of the assembly. Many come forward with causes important to them, and this shapes what the movement stands for. “There haven’t been any exact demands outlined. I think that’s a part of the success of the entire campaign,” said Robert Stirling, a fourth-year criminology student at
“I’m here because I’m just generally discontent with the way the global capitalist system has treated the average person in Canada. I’m willing to contribute as much as I can.” —Donald Northrup, graduate student at Brock University “I’m hoping that today will help to get a conversation going, get a discussion going about some of the questions we all have and make governments and corporations realize that they can’t take their power for granted.” —Nairra Tariq, University of Ottawa student
“We’re advocating fairer taxes. The rich have got the benefit of tax cuts and it ends up costing the majority of people in terms of cutbacks and social programs. I think it’s about time people said enough is enough.” —Dennis Howlett, member of Canadians for Tax Fairness “It’s kind of new, that’s the interesting thing. There’s not one message. Partly what we’re getting out there is the idea of maybe we have to ask questions first. Maybe we need to ask questions before we have answers. That’s what this is all about.” —Ben Powless, Occupy Ottawa general assembly facilitator
6 | news
thefulcrum.ca | Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
See ya. Adieu. Cheers.
Energy drinks still available, despite new federal rules TORONTO—DESPITE ATTEMPTS BY Health Canada to make energy drinks over-the-counter pharmaceutical products, government-approved regulations will require the placement of visible nutrition labels on the beverages by the companies producing them. A push by Health Canada to rename energy drinks to “stimulant drug-containing drinks” set the ball rolling for new rules on labelling the energy products. The drinks can still be purchased from convenience and grocery stores, but the appearance of nutritional information and health and safety warnings on them will be implemented over the next 18 to 24 months. A limit on the amount of caffeine in the drinks will be set to 180 mg per serving. —Spencer Van Dyk Minister intervenes in Air Canada labour dispute TORONTO—AIR CANADA’S FLIGHT attendants stayed at their posts on Oct. 13, days after Lisa Raitt, the federal labour minister asked the Canada Industrial Relations Board to review the current contract negotiations between the union and management. The contract disputes surfaced when Air Canada introduced the development of a low-cost aircraft , which would result in a lower wage scale for employees and threaten job security. The Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) informed the 6,800 fl ight attendants that they were unable to strike due to a legal procedure used by Raitt, which bypassed the need for back-to-work legislation. “[The government] is trying to take away your right to strike and it will use whatever tools and tricks that it can,” said CUPE in a statement. —Graham Mac Vannel Fourth attempt at copyright modernization up for discussion WATERLOO (CUP)—ON THURSDAY, SEPT. 29, Bill C-11 was introduced in the House of Commons, marking the fourth attempt to amend copyright legislation by the Government of Canada. The Copyright Modernization Act seeks to bring copyright law in line with technology, an important task given the vast amount of material available online. The bill claims to offer absolute protection of copyrighted material through “digital locks,” while simultaneously offering a “fair dealing exemption” on material acquired for non-infringing purposes. Under these locks, certain materials may be inaccessible, as they will fall under different jurisdictions—blurring the distinction between what is or is not being used for infringement. Changes have yet to be made, as debate over Bill C-11 continues in the House of Commons. —Leeza Pece and Linda Givetash, the Cord SFSS lockout ends VANCOUVER—SIMON FRASER STUDENT Society (SFSS) employees returned to work after reaching an agreement with the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) on Oct.11, ending a three-month lockout. The new three-year-long agreement prevents reduction in wages or hours for current employees. It also sees no wage increases for the next two years, with a one per cent increase in the third year. Wages for new student employees will be lowered from $21.98 to $14.50 per hour. “[The new agreement means] we can hire twice as many students and give more opportunities for students, but also provide more services by bringing down their wage rates,” said Jeff McCann, president of the SFSS, to the Canadian University Press. According to McCann the SFSS can focus on the projects they were elected to do with the lockout behind them, including increasing food outlets on campus and advocating for lower interest rates on student loans. —Michelle LePage
Briefs aren’t just underpants. email@example.com
photo by Natasha Pirani
BOA removes SAC, introduces funding changes Christopher Radojewski | Fulcrum Staff
THE BOARD OF Administration (BOA) met on Oct. 16 in the senate room of Tabaret Hall to determine the fate of motions brought forward by the ad hoc Constitutional Committee. These motions included large constitutional changes and modifications in policy. The meeting focused on the second reading of a motion to remove the Student Arbitration Committee (SAC) and changes in funding for the federated bodies from the Student Federation of the University of Ottawa (SFUO). SAC gone for good The second reading of the motion to abolish the SAC, put forward by the ad hoc Constitutional Committee last month, was presented to the BOA for final discussion. “The SAC is appointed by the president [who]—yes, is somebody who is elected— but that is [only] one person who is elected,” said Tasha Peters, BOA representative for the Faculty Social Sciences, in an interview with the Fulcrum. “[They can], in a sense, manipulate who will be on the SAC. The people who are chosen can’t be recalled by the BOA. People need to be held accountable, and it is important to have a representative idea of the student
next stop Jane Lytvynenko News Editor
Be a snowflake LIVING IN OTTAWA involves facing activists on a daily basis. Whether it’s to join the Red Cross or sign a petition for Greenpeace, Ottawans often endure calls for a good cause, all because we live in the city with the Parliament buildings. With so many demonstrations, petitions, and gatherings, it’s easy to tune them out altogether, but with Occupy Ottawa starting in the city last weekend, it’s time to tune back in. Though a lot of people in the world already have their eyes on the Occupy movement, students
body to be looking at [issues].” Edward Roué, BOA representative for the Faculty of Arts, spoke against the motion during the meeting, arguing for the reform of the committee. “I think there are some problems with the SAC as far as the question of fiduciary responsibility, which a lot of the proponents of the motion did raise,” said Roué. “I think it is important to have an independent body that can adjudicate these questions, especially questions that involve the BOA.” The vote on the second reading of the motion was not the same as the initial vote, which passed 29-1. The fi nal vote also passed, but with two members voting against it and three abstentions. Brendon Andrews, the representative for the Faculty of Social Sciences who spoke in opposition of the motion and voted against the removal of SAC after both readings, had mixed feelings about the vote. “I am disappointed in the result. I am strongly in support of there being a SAC and a judicial branch of the SFUO,” said Andrews. “In my view, it’s a slight gain that we added another ‘no’ and three abstentions. That’s at least a small gain in the amount of support we had from the last BOA meeting.” Andrews also mentioned there is still a petition coming forward, opposing the motion. “Hopefully by the end of next week … we’ll be able to have 1,500 [signatures on the petition] and present that to the board. The board is not required to approve it, but I believe, for accountability purposes, if 1,500 students … want a ref-
erendum, it should be accepted.”
specifically should pay extra attention to it. Yes, Occupy protesters are claiming to fight for the 99 per cent—the non-wealthy folk who were hit the hardest by the recession. But at the root of an endless list of demands are also unemployment and high debt, which affect students as much as anyone else. It takes just one look at recent news articles about the movement to see countless stories of graduates stranded on a mountain of debt right next to the valley of unemployment. What we, as students, have to realize—and what Occupy Ottawa is trying to draw our attention to—is that we might be headed down the same path as them. Some say the Occupy movement is fighting for everything wrong with the current economic and government systems, which is bound to include student rights. Time will tell whether the protests are effective or not, but one thing remains true: It’s growing, fast. What started in New York is now all over the world, including the very politically overactive city of Ottawa. A lot of people are getting fed
up with the current economic power structure and its limitations, and there’s strength in the high numbers of protests. U.S. President Barack Obama acknowledged the significance of the Occupy movement, as have many other politicians. The press is constantly updating followers of the protests with reports of new developments. Those in close proximity to the protests watch the movement live, and news reports say people are even spontaneously joining marches on the streets. Say what you will about Occupy, but you can’t deny it’s snowballing—and the snowball is turning into an avalanche. Because the list of demands continues to grow, the movement is inclusive. Because the main goal is change, anyone demanding it can stand with the protesters. It’s time we become a snowflake in the avalanche and tell not just our government, but the entire world, what we’re unhappy with.
Funding changes for federated bodie Sarah Jayne King, vp finance of the SFUO, brought forward a motion to the BOA on funding for federated bodies. The first reading of the proposal suggested the implementation of measures to ensure federated bodies are more accountable for financial actions, and in return the federated bodies will be given additional funding. The first reading of the motion was carried unanimously by the board. “The federated body funding motion that we brought to the table today is a result of a lot of work … between myself and many members of the federated bodies to ensure that not only do federated bodies receive more funding to better serve their members, but [that they] also be held accountable to their members as well,” said King. “Right now there is not a lot in place to ensure that student money is getting spent responsibly within the federated bodies.” Audits will take place three times throughout the year to ensure proper spending of finances and penalties will be given to federated bodies who don’t follow the procedure. The proposal also created an additional fund, which federated bodies in good standing can apply for to assist with different events, initiatives, or 101 weeks programs. “For the past couple years, there have been a lot of discussions between the SFUO and the federated bodies about this funding issue,” said King. “It has taken this time to come up with a motion that really responds to the needs of the federated bodies.” f
firstname.lastname@example.org (613) 562-5260
thefulcrum.ca | Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
news | 7
Onward and upward
RISE AND SHINE
photo by Natasha Pirani
Main building of U of O, now one of the top 200 universities in the world
U of O receives its highest ever international education ranking Keeton Wilcock | Fulcrum Staff
FOR THE FIRST time, the University of Ottawa has been placed among the top 200 higher educational institutions, by the recently released Times Higher Education’s World University Rankings for 2011–12. The University of Ottawa is currently the 185th best post-secondary school in the world, in part due to its focus on research and student experience. The annual rankings, compiled by British magazine Times Higher Education in conjunction with Thomson Reuters, take teaching, international outlook, industry income, research, and
citations into account. Not only did the U of O improve internationally, but the school ranked higher among its Canadian counterparts as well, narrowly beating out the University of Waterloo and University of Western Ontario for ninth place in the country. “Our faculty, staff, and students all make an outstanding contribution to our university’s success and reputation,” said Allan Rock, U of O president, in a statement following the publication of the rankings. “To rank among the 200 top universities in the world is great news and a superb accomplishment for all those in our community who believe
in our mission and our vision.” Vincent Lamontagne, U of O’s manager of media relations, explained the school’s growing focus on research and researcher recruitment are likely large contributors to the school’s higher ranking this year. “Research is an important factor for our university. We’ve made huge improvements in research and improvements in development,” said Lamontagne. “When you look at what’s happening and all of the discoveries—the vitality of research on campus—you can’t hide it. It’s everywhere.” Lamontagne noted that, in the last year, the university has attracted many incredible professors, citing professors Robert Boyd and Tohru Kitada as examples. “We were awarded [a Canada research chair], and that allowed us to recruit Rob-
ert Boyd from the University of Rochester in New York. He’s a world leader in photonics, and amazing at what he does,” said Lamontagne. “We also have Tohru Kitada from Harvard [University], who was part of the team that discovered the parkin gene. He now works with our neuroscience team.” “Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, those photonics and neurological science are two big parts of our research, and they’re going to be becoming even more important.” Despite the huge strides the University of Ottawa has made in research and professor recruitment, Lamontagne said student experience is the fi rst concern of the university administration. “Our priority’s always been student experience; it still is, and still will be,” said Lamontagne. “We’re about to launch our new vision in two weeks and
student experience will be at the centre of that vision for 2020.” The university members aren’t the only ones excited about the ranking; many students have voiced their pride in their school’s success as well. “I think it’s fantastic that the University of Ottawa has made it this far,” stated third-year English and history student Kyle Climans. “All the universities in the world and this Canadian one in the capital happens to make it into the top 200.” Climans views the news as yet another affi rmation that his decision to attend the U of O was a wise one. “I was always interested in the University of Ottawa because of its location and because it seemed like a great place,” said Climans. “So this is more of a confi rmation of my choice, and it’s nice to know that I made a good choice.” f
Café Nostalgica to remain open Grad House construction date pushed back Jane Lytvynenko | Fulcrum Staff
LAST MARCH, THE Graduate Students’ Association (GSAÉD) passed a referendum to build the Grad House, a new grad student space on campus. The construction of the new space at the U of O was to start this November, but has been postponed until spring for finan-
cial reasons. “It will house a new Café Nostalgica. It will also [serve as] a new building for GSAÉD and it will be a social student academic space for grad students on this campus,” said Caitlin Campisi, chair of the Grad House committee and internal commissioner for GSAÉD. Campisi said the project has been in the works before the referendum was passed at the end of the last school year. “There had been discussions on the campus for a long time regarding the lack of student space … as well as a need to update our current building,“ said Campisi.
The decision to postpone the building of the Grad House, which will involve the demolition of the current building, was made a couple of weeks ago after a consultation with the project management firm working with GSAÉD and other bodies involved in the project. “It was a unanimous decision to push back the date,” said Campisi. The change will allow GSAÉD to save money on winter construction costs, giving students a few extra months to enjoy the current services. “The reason for [the new date] is that we want to be able to provide the best
Students, of course, are quite attached to Café Nostalgica
—Caitlin Campisi, Chair of Grad House committee
grad student space possible. In order to be able to do that, we need to be able to push back this date,” she added. Campisi explained the new Grad House is now expected to open in January 2013, though it might be done before the deadline. She said students don’t mind the change in construction date—Campisi received positive feedback on the project. “People have been largely supportive of the move to push back the date,” she said. “Students, of course, are quite attached to Café Nostalgica and haven’t been opposed to being able to use the current space for a few more months.” f
8 | news
thefulcrum.ca | Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
Infected infest campus Man versus infected returns to the U of O Kyle Wallace | Fulcrum Contributor
HUMANS VS INFECTED (HvsI), a campus-wide zombie game, is returning to the University of Ottawa for its fourth year. Starting on Halloween and lasting until Nov. 4, HvsI has grown significantly since its launch. “We got the idea from a college in the states—it started out down there,” said Michael Eagar, HvsI co-president. “The game started with about 50 people in its first year at the U of O. It has increased to an estimated 300 people this year.” Participants are required to wear a coloured armband, white for humans and green for infected. The last human standing is the winner. “Personally, I loved the game,” said Cody Zulinski, a fourth-year English student who participated in HvsI last year. “It’s unlike any game of tag you’ve ever played before; something about it just messes with your mind if you have any sense of competitive spirit. As a human, you cannot walk down the street without scanning every direction for any hint of green, and as a zombie, you can use some pretty deceptive tactics.” Humans are required to check in twice per day, between 8:30 a.m. and 5:30 a.m., to ensure they come to the university campus and participate.
“It’s a huge commitment tment to try to survive the whole week, but it’s so worth the excitement,” said Zulinski. inski. “It’s basically like a roller coaster ride de that lasts all week long: You’re terrified for your life, but at the end of it all, you know now you want to do it again.” The infected don’t have it easy either. There are designated safe zones they are not allowed to tag players in, such as 1848, classrooms, offices, and the library. Humans can also stun n the infected, giving them a chance to get away from their attackers. “Last year, the zombies mbies got creative and assembled an army my to trap me in my nski. “So I got creclassroom,” said Zulinski. ative and assembled a three-person military rescue mission to o get me out of the building in one piece.”” Some of the prizes include an Xbox 360 for the infected with the greatest od Touch for the number of tags, an iPod best-recorded tag, and d a PlayStation 3 for the winner. “As of right now we play just for kicks and prizes,, but I hope to make it for charity ty throughout the upcoming years,”” said Eagar. ople are all “It’s good timing, people freaked out about midterms, it gives them the chancee to relax a n instead of bit and have some fun freaking out about school.” hool.” There are also a variety of events throughout the week, elp players which are meant to help earn extra points to put toward winning other prizes offered by the event organizers. ment and ad“If you like excitement venture, this is the game me for you,” f said Zulinski. To register or to learn earn more about Humans VS Infected, ected, visit Hvsi.ca.
Shit on phones Sh IF YOU YO EVER text or play Angry sitting on the loo, it’s time Birds while w to stop stop. A new research in the United Kingdom, done for Global HandKingdo washing washin Day on Oct. 15, found fecal matter on one in every six phones tested. Researchers from the London Rese School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) and Queen Mary, Medici University of London sampled 390 Univer cellphones and hands from 12 cities cellpho across Britain. The fi ndings were then taken to t a laboratory for bacteria and germ tests. te Researchers found participants Rese were m misleading about their cleaning habits. Despite 95 per cent claiming they washed w their hands with soap when p possible, 92 per cent of phones and 82 per cent of hands had bacteria on them them. “The mobile phone is a lovely area for som some of the bacteria … to grow,” said Ro Ron Cutler, LSHTM researcher in an interview with the CBC. “As you speak sp on your phone too much,
it heats up.” The bacteria found on phones are dangerous due to a high risk of being transferred to other surfaces and the possibility of making the user extremely sick. E. coli bacteria, for example, can cause diarrhea, abdominal cramping, pain, nausea, vomiting, and, in extreme cases, death. It also survives on warm surfaces, such as hands or cellphones, for hours. “I bet you a lot of people use their phones in the bathroom,” said Kevin Wolf, an avid cellphone user, after he learned of the study’s findings. “That’s really gross. Thanks for putting that in my mind.” The aim of Global Handwashing Day is to make washing hands with soap an automatic behaviour, preventing bacteria and disease from spreading. Researchers suggest adding a wipe down of surfaces and appliances into the routine as an extra preventive measure. —Jane Lytvynenko
photo by Natasha Oickle
Surfing safely Government launches cyber safety campaign Christopher Radojewski | Fulcrum Staff
ON OCT. 3, Vic Toews, the Minister of Public Safety, unveiled Canada’s new cyber security campaign at the University of Ottawa to signal the start of Cyber Security Awareness Month. An increase in technology use has made Canadians more vulnerable to cyber attacks—an issue the Government of Canada’s Public Safety Canada is concerned with. “Digital infrastructure increasingly underpins all aspects of our lives,” said Robert Dick, director general of national cyber security at Public Safety Canada. “The things that we do every day, from the exchange of information through email, texting, or online connectivity to the systems that operate Canada’s basic infrastructure, the traffic lights, the electrical grids, the banking system, your debit [and] credit—all of those things de-
pend on a digital infrastructure.” At the debut of the Getcybersafe.ca campaign, Toews stated cyber safety is a joint effort between the citizens and the government, the government being responsible for providing citizens with a resource to get informed about the risks that exist online. The website focuses on educating citizens about common threats, scams, fraud, and how to protect things like your identity, money, and family. “Canadians [are] aware of the new reality and this new space in which they are living, working, and playing, [but also] of the need to take steps to protect themselves online,” said Dick. “[Getcybersafe.ca exists] so that they are better aware of the risks that are out there and can turn to a trusted source for information on steps they can take to protect themselves.” The campaign has been implemented as part of a larger framework that the Government of Canada is enacting to protect Canadians from online attacks and threats. “It’s part of the Government of Canada’s cyber security strategy, which was announced a year ago, and that strategy has three pillars,” Dick explained. “Two
of those pillars pertain to protecting systems. The first [is] the government’s systems and [second,] systems of importance to Canadians that fall outside the federal government’s ownership. The third pillar is really about making Canadians aware.”
Canadians [are] aware of the new reality and this new space in which they are living, working, and playing, [but also] of the need to take steps to protect themselves online. —Robert Dick, Director general of national cyber security
Universities are also ensuring cyber security is a priority. Because a lot of the tools students use to interact with their institution are online, the U of O has taken steps to protect university mem-
bers from online threats and providing assistance to victims. “We try to inform the students, staff members, and teachers by putting as much information as we can on [our] website,” said Gerald Chervet, a computer analyst at Computing and Communications Services at the U of O. “We also offer tools like anti-spam and anti-virus [soft ware]” Both Dick and Chervet offered similar advice on cyber security. Their main message was to keep security features up-to-date. “A lot of people know intellectually that they need to be changing their passwords, changing the default password on the firewall, having a firewall, having anti-virus soft ware. Often, it’s easy to forget and click that button that says ‘go away’,” said Dick. “I guess that our message is, just as easy as it is to click ‘ignore,’ it’s [also] easy to click ‘update’ and make sure you are f protected.” For more information on how to protect yourself online, check out Getcybersafe. ca. Cases of cyber crime can be reported to your local police service. In cases of fraud, you can contact the Canadian Anti-Fraud Centre at Antifraudcentre.ca.
ARTS & CULTURE Sofia Hashi | email@example.com | (613) 562-5931
ARTS&CULTURE For the literature-inclined Ottawa International Writer’s Festival fall event begins Sofia Hashi | Fulcrum Staff
ALREADY IN ITS 15th year, the Ottawa International Writer’s Festival not only promotes reading, but it’s also a platform for the literary community to meet and discuss what they love most—books. Boasting over 30 events, the festival, which runs from Oct. 20 to 25, is set to showcase many well-known and up-and-coming authors from Canada and beyond. “The writer’s festival is a meeting of the world’s greatest imaginations,” says Sean Wilson, artistic director of the biannual festival. “We cross every genre of writing, [plus] we’ve got music, we’ve got film, we’ve got fiction, [and] we’ve got non-fiction.” “It’s a great opportunity for people to not only get a taste of the work out there, but also explore the world
through the eyes of ... the most gifted imaginations,” he adds. Taking a peek at the variety of people the festival attracts, it’s easy to see that the event isn’t just for the nerdy. The week-long event features a wide range of activities, including workshops on how to get published, song-writing advice, and much more. “The unique thing about the writer’s festival is that we don’t have a single demographic … So if you’re into cutting edge classical music, the Shostakovich event we’re doing with Music and Beyond is [a] can’t miss. If you like rock ‘n’ roll, you’re gonna want to come see Ukrania at the Arc Lounge. If fiction is your thing—there’s no shortage—the New York night would be fantastic. If you’re into filmmaking, we’ve got a master class on writing for the page and screen,” explains Wilson. It’s not just a boring conference either. There are interactive features that allow audience members to participate and get to know the novelists on a more personal basis. “All of the events include an on-stage conversation and audience questions,” says Wilson. “It’s a great opportunity for aspiring writers and for those of us
who are just curious readers. You get the inside scoop on why exactly the authors wrote the books.” Attendees also aren’t expected to read the novels in order to participate in discussion. The festival features many books, most of which have just been released, so it’s a great way to see if you’d be interested in purchasing a novel or two. “Very often what people will do is use the festival as their chance to [preview novels]. I heard one audience member describe it as a little bit like speed dating for potential readers. It’s a great chance to get a little taste of what the books are about and get a feel for the author, and if it sounds like something you want to read, you can pick up a book right there.” For those who are strapped for cash, the Ottawa International Writer’s Festival has workshops and events for free. If you can’t make it for the fall season, then you’re still in luck. “We have a spring season and a fall season. The festivals are the biggest concentrations [of events],” says Wilson. “[But] throughout the year, we tend f to have a good 20 events or so.”
MORE THAN WORDS ON A PAGE
photo courtesy Ottawa International Writer’s festival
International Writer’s Festival starts this week
City scare walk Take a tour with the haunted Kajahni Tharmarajan | Fulcrum Staff
PARANORMAL ACTIVITY, HAUNTING secrets of Ottawa’s deathly past, mysterious hangings, and chilling ghost stories—it’s no wonder the Ottawa Haunted Walk tour is the popular go-to activity for the Halloween season. Celebrating it’s 15th anniversary this year, the Haunted Walk is still drawing in locals and newcomers in droves. “It’s a very successfully growing company—last year we had over 5,000 visitors in the last two weeks of October alone,” says Michelle Dennis, the communications manager at the Haunted Walk. “We’re hoping to draw in 6,000 visitors this coming Halloween,” she adds. The Walk tours run all year round, popular in the summer season when tourists trickle in. “We had a hundred thousand visitors in the months of May and June last year,” says Dennis, adding Halloween is the hallmark of their tourist season. “It’s our Christmas.” The tour, which was inspired by similar European walks, didn’t start in Ottawa. Its roots are in Kingston, Ont. “Sixteen years ago, Glen Shackleton was studying history in Queen’s University and did a semester abroad in England. He was fascinated by the intrigue and allure of the haunted walks in London, and upon his return to Kingston, applied his his-
tory major [toward] launching Kingston’s first walking tour of historical and ghostly landmarks,” explains Dennis. “Now we have 30 tour guides in Ottawa and 20 in Kingston, all because of our director’s idea,” says Dennis. This attraction features four main walking tours: The Ghost and the Gallows Tour, Crime and Punishment Jail Tour, Naughty Ottawa Pub Walk, and Original Haunted Walk of Canada. The Ghost and the Gallows Tour and the Crime and Punishment Jail Tour take you right inside the old Carleton County Jail. They inform visitors about the jail cells and death row, and allow participants to explore the last working gallows in Canada. The Naughty Ottawa Pub Tour exposes the less-refined and bawdy aspects of Ottawa’s past of scandalous political occurrences, complicated love affairs, and the rowdiness of the former citizens of Lowertown. The 90-minute Original Haunted Walk of Canada takes you through the Bytown Museum, the Fairmont Chateau Laurier, the Grant House, and other haunting locations. According to Dennis, the tour is an alternative way to get a fright without going to the movies. It alters people’s perception about Ottawa and showcases the city and its rich history through a different light. It’s also a unique way to view Ottawa’s landscape. “The Haunted Walk is a special attraction because it differs from what people
nk of Otregularly expect when they think tawa. We offer stories about thee off-beat, unique history of the city that you u will not tawa does be able to hear anywhere else. Ottawa not have many touristic activitiess that take place in the evening and the Haunted nted Walk is a great way to see the city,” she says. Ottawa may surprise many with how many ghost stories roam the city. ry promi“Thomas D’Arcy McGee, a very nent Canadian politician, was assassinated sassinated on Sparks Street on April 8, 1868. 868. The assination gentleman convicted of his assassination was Patrick James Whelan, although hough to this day many believe he was wrongfully convicted. His execution for thee murder took place at the Carleton County nty Jail on Feb. 11, 1869,” says Dennis. “Many people believe his restless tless spirit still roams the hallways theree to o raid this very day. On the Are You Afraid of the Dark tour, guests will learn n all about the strange encounters that have happened ilding.” and continue to happen in the building. Whether you believe in ghost st stories, the Ottawa Haunted Walk is a wayy for peollows Eve ple to get a real thrill this All Hallows and experience Ottawa’s history without reading boring books. htful Hal“The Haunted Walk is a delightful loween adventure and is a fun way ay to learn about Ottawa’s rich and mysterious rious hisf tory,” says Dennis. Admission is $17.75 for adults and nd $16.75 for students. Tickets can be purchased ased at oth 73 Clarence St. or at the ticket booth at the corner of Sparks and Elgin gin Street.
illustration by Allegra Conty
10 | arts&culture
thefulcrum.ca | Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
A pop-up affair
through the lens Sofia Hashi Arts & Culture Editor
The flash mob experience
photo courtesy Glenn Stowe
SURPRISE PICNICS COME TO TOWN Harvest Noir hosts flash-mob picnic
Harvest Noir hits Ottawa Sofia Hashi | Fulcrum Staff
IT WAS A secret that 700 people could keep. Last Saturday saw hundreds of people attend a picnic near the Museum of Civilization. Oragnized by the Mysterious Event Company, Harvest Noir was no ordinary picnic, mirroring similar international pop-up picnics, featuring circus performances, a fashion show, and immaculately dressed participants. “Harvest Noir is a fusion of the harvest ball tradition from England and pop-up picnics that originated from Paris 23 years ago,” explains Greg Searle, the event organizer. While the idea of the Harvest Noir originates in the Parisian Dîner en Blanc, the Ottawa event took most of its
inspiration from its Montreal counterpart. “We saw the event in Montreal. Over 3,000 people [attended] a pop-up picnic in white [at] the Place du Canada in Montreal [this past] August,” says Searle. Not all fun and games, Ottawa’s Harvest Noir required participants to dress up and adhere to a strict dress code. “[People] dressed up in elegant retro black clothing. The women wore fascinators, fancy hats, and participated in an impromptu fashion show,” says Searle. They were also expected to bring their own utensils and food. As well, attendees were told to try and keep the food local to honour the harvest season—hence the name. “People brought their own dinnerware, their own place settings, and decorations for their tables. There was also a competition and a prize awarded for the best decorated table. People really got into it and they brought their own local food, so they prepared food as much as possible that was grown in the region.”
Tickets to the event were $37. You might be wondering why the tickets cost so much if the picnic-goers were expected to bring their own food, costumes, and utensils. “[The money] purchased one of the fi nest venues both inside and outside, as well as all of the things that go with [putting on an event like this]. As well [there were] professional circus perform[ers who did hoop performances … a parade band, [and] there were three DJs,” says Searle. Although there’s nothing spontaneous about it, Harvest Noir was advertized as a flash-mob experience. It’s a meticulously organized event that happens around the same time every year, but Searle would argue the event was similar to flash-mob-style picnics. “I think there are aspects that are related to the flash mob. I think it’s kind of a performance art, but it’s a very elegant event that takes a lot of planning,” he explains. According to Searle, these pop-up
picnics have been emerging all over the world because people are interested in being a part of a performance—and because the secrecy element adds to the thrill. “I think we probably had a lot of surprises when we were kids growing [up] and as adults we get almost none. I think people are actually excited to participate in something where they don’t have all the control or all the details. It’s very exciting to take a risk,” explains Searle. “We got a lot of our entertainment kind of spoon-fed to us, and the idea where you’re one of the actors in the event is really appealing to people,” he adds. For those who missed out on Harvest Noir last weekend, you won’t have to wait another whole year for a similar event to take place. There’s going to be a winter event of a similar nature. “Well, the next event won’t be Harvest Noir. The next event will be an elegant, flash-mob-inspired, destination-unknown event,” says Searle. f
Nostalgica’s NoStock Three-day event to honour the café FROM THIS THURSDAY until Oct. 22, students will have the chance to sit back and enjoy good music at Café Nostalgica. While this is not an unusual occurrence at the small restaurant and bar run by the Graduate Students Association (GSAÉD) of the University of Ottawa, the three-day event, NoStock, will honour the restaurant before it is torn down to make way for the new Grad House. “NoStock is a celebration of the café’s place within our community,” says Pierre St-Jacques, the advocacy and communications coordinator for GSAÉD. Blank Canvas, a grassroots initiative
focused on promoting the arts in Ottawa, organized the event to take place at the student-run restaurant. Students and locals can look forward to seeing more than just an array of musicians at NoStock. The event will feature door prizes, a comedy show, and much more. “[NoStock] will include 14 musical acts, an improvisation troupe, a marathon open mic night, staff Olympics, an art auction, a poetry session, a glow in the dark dance party, and a sunset ceremony featuring the café’s founder Marc Spooner,” explains Alexander Millaire, Blank Canvas’ cofounder. Most artists who will be performing are no strangers to the Nostalgica’s stage. Many have played to crowds on campus before. “The line up was organized with an em-
NoStock is a celebration of the café’s place within our community —Pierre St-Jacques, Advocacy and communications coordinator for GSAÉD
phasis on those artists and performers that had already been part of the café’s artistic landscape, with some newcomers as well,” says Millaire. The line up may be already established, but up-and-coming local artists are still welcome to attend and contribute to the open mic sessions. “Performers looking to participate can check out our Thursday Heroes Open Mic Marathon and sign up to play where slots will be raffled off on the day of,” adds Millaire. NoStock, like Nostalgica, is very student friendly. Your wallet won’t take a beating— the event is free for anybody to attend. “[Students] will have a chance to take a break from their studies, listen to great local music, appreciate local art, and dance f their hearts out,” says Millaire.
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN you gather over 700 hundred people to a picnic? Although organizers of Harvest Noir would disagree, you just get a really large picnic. Harvest Noir was a grand-scale, blacktie, secret event. Tickets cost a steep $37 plus tax and participants were only informed of the time and place a mere four hours beforehand. In typical flash-mob form, attendees were asked to keep the details of the event hush hush. As enticing as a little mystery can be, this all begs the question: What’s the point? Ottawa’s Harvest Noir may seem senseless, but it is popular. Inspired by its annual Parisian counterpart, Dîner en Blanc, their popularity has grown throughout the years—the Parisian pique-nique had over 10,000 attendees last spring. Still, it is a little absurd to pay so much for something being touted as a “flash mob.” The whole idea of a flash mob is a tad ridiculous. What began as an anticonformity, hipster movement has now become the ultimate capitalist, conventional, and unoriginal social experiment. Flash mobs were created because a group of people in New York City wanted to demonstrate their power and “take over” a public space, but if you’ve seen one flash mob, you’ve seen them all. Also, isn’t the point of a flash mob to be a spontaneous gathering of people in a public space, performing some act? The secrecy of the time and place are usual components, but these picnics are meticulously planned out. They’re an annual flash mob that happens around the same time every year. Doesn’t knowing when it’s going to happen defeat the purpose? Sorry Harvest Noir, your secret’s out for next year. Why watch a bunch of people in fancy clothes eat dinner? Is this art? Can this even be considered a performance? Is this supposed to be creative, innovative, or methodic? Maybe people want to feel as if they’re a part of something that has some artistic merit—even if it doesn’t. Everyone loves to be in on a secret. Althoug the flash-mob picnic attendees come across as an elitist group of people who want to have an expensive dinner and party the night away. Once you’re paying for something, I think that nullifies the idea of it being a flash mob; it’s just an event to attend. If people really want to be a part of a movement with strangers, why not rally for something with cause? Head on over to Occupy Ottawa and protest for change you want to see happen. At least protesting doesn’t cost you $37. firstname.lastname@example.org (613) 562-5931
thefulcrum.ca | Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
arts&culture | 11
movie reviews Dawn of the Dead (2004)
ZOMBIES HAVE BEEN a mainstay of the horror genre for a long time now, but rarely has there been an undead flick so fear-inducing as Dawn of the Dead. The 2004 film is a remake of the 1978 George A. Romero film of the same name. It depicts a handful of human survivors in a mall as they try to fight off a large swarm of zombies and the threat of becoming flesh-eating monsters themselves. The film is enjoyable and will keep your heart racing throughout. This time around, the zombies are fast and agile—not painstakingly slow like in the original film. The plot is also very well developed, in the way that the survivors bond and work together during their time of desperation makes for a more convincing performance. The movie manipulates audiences into emotionally investing into the main characters. I was thoroughly disappointed to see a character I really liked succumb to the zombie virus. All in all, I enjoyed the film. I think it accurately portrays how a zombie outbreak is possible in this day and age, so I better store up some weapons and learn to aim for a zombie’s head when the time is right! —Anthony Wan
A Nightmare on Elm Street (2010)
REVOLTINGLY GORY, VIOLENT, and disturbing, the 2010 remake of A Nightmare on Elm Street is sure to frighten the socks off the most avid horror-flick lover. This adaptation of the 1984 original stays relatively true to the original story line—Freddy Krueger (Jackie Earle Haley), a child killer who was burned alive, haunts the teenagers of Springwood, Ohio in their dreams. But instead of just being a child killer, the 2010 Krueger is a pedophile who has come back to finish what he started. The film revisits a number of famous parts from the original Nightmare, including Freddy’s glove popping out of the bathtub, his face stretching through the bedroom wall, and some memorable quotes. These flashbacks are quite successful and are sure to appease any diehard Nightmare fans. The addition to Krueger’s back story takes the movie to a new level of disturbing. Although pedophilia was alluded to in the original, the scene where a character named Nancy is restrained on the bed while Freddy discusses the “fun” he is going to have with her seems an unnecessary addition to an already gore-filled movie. The movie was grisly, violent, and certainly made you jump—it was just a little over the top. —Kiera Obbard
Fright Night (2011)
emade from the 1985 horror flick of the same name, Fright Night is one vampire movie with bite. Set in the suburbs of Las Vegas, the 2011 version stars teenager Charley Brewster (Anton Yelchin), who ditches his old friends for a much cooler crowd, including new his girlfriend Amy (Imogen Poots). Things take a terrifying turn when Charley’s classmates start disappearing and he suspects his neighbour, Jerry (Colin Farrell), of foul play. The movie becomes a quick-paced, suspenseful, and nail-biting game of cat and mouse between Charley and Jerry. Over the years, the original Fright Night gained a sizeable cult following. While the recent instalment hasn’t had much time to garner admirers, long-time fans of the franchise will not be disappointed. Despite the height of Twilight-mania at the moment, director Craig Gillespie set out to make a vampire movie that is in no way cheesy or lovey-dovey. A large part of Gillespie’s success with the film relies on superb casting. Farrell steals the show as the menacing Jerry, inspiring goosebumps at every turn. Toni Collette, who plays Charely’s mom, Yelchin, and Poots give convincing performances and are solid throughout the movie. Fright Night is entertaining and frightening. Twilight haters can also rest easy knowing that no werewolves make an appearance. This dark and creepy movie is just as good as the original. In fact, it may be even better. —Sofia Hashi
Friday the 13th (2009)
SOME MOVIES ARE so well done they’re begging to be remade—others aren’t. Friday the 13th falls into the latter category. Borrowing the name of the 1980 original film, there is absolutely nothing in this franchise that is new or exciting. Boasting 12 slasher movies under its belt, this is one series you wish would just die with its victims already. Sadly, the public must be subjected to a new instalment every couple of years, and in 2009, filmmakers resurrected the film once more to make a quick buck. In terms of plot, there is nothing innovative or original. Jason Voorhees is still, for some inexplicable reason, alive and sporting the same hockey mask, which is supposed be scary but is really laughable at this point. All you need to know is that Jason is still killing people in this series—what else is new?—and you have the basic plot. Who really cares who he kills? It’s been done again and again. The script is so boring, it makes you wonder if a child a wrote it. Friday the 13th wouldn’t even make an eight-year-old child, who wets himself, pee his pants in fear! This is the type of film that makes people abhor remakes so much. It’s not even so bad that it’s good—it’s just plain bad. For those tempted to see it, don’t. The lack of originality, thought, and talent in the film are the only things that will make you scream and run in the other direction. —Sofia Hashi
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2 Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
The top 10 places to see before you die In no particular order… EVERYONE HAS A bucket list of monuments, cities, and countries they’d like to travel to before they die. Topping the typical list are the usual suspects: The Eiffel Tower, New York City, and a beach in any of the Caribbean islands. Sure, these places are spectacular, but the world’s a big place and contains some pretty fantastic, if oft-overlooked, locales. Here, Fulcrum writers list their 10 favourite—and somewhat underrated— travel destinations to see before you die. 1. The Scottish Highlands, Scotland Last year, I had the privilege of returning to my roots when I visited Scotland with my dad. The country truly surpassed all of my expectations. The most memorable part of the trip was travelling from the flatlands of southern Scotland to the rugged wilderness and isolation of the highlands, where the charm of the people and the rough beauty of the landscape have remained intact. Those visiting the area must take the time to travel to the Isle of Skye and Portree to enjoy what will surely be the most delicious catch-of-the-day fi sh of their lives. I highly recommend seeing this area of Scotland because there is no better place on Earth to let your imagination run wild. —Sean Campbell
2. San Francisco, California If your childhood memories of Full House aren’t enough to make you want to visit the great city of San Fran, then maybe the following reasons will. San Francisco is home to many beaches, all of which play host to a vibrant surfing community. The city is extremely multicultural and boasts restaurants serving a wide variety of delicious and ethnic foods. In fact, San Francisco holds the title of America’s best restaurant city, so you are guaranteed to eat some of the most fantastic meals of your life while visiting. San Francisco is also a very historic city, home to Alcatraz, the notorious former prison located on an island in the San Francisco Bay. The city has something for everyone, so whether you’re interested in the performing arts, nightlife, surfing, or wineries, make sure you take a trip to the Golden Gate City in your lifetime. —Emily Jackson 3. The Sistine Chapel, Italy As one of the original Renaissance men, Michelangelo Buonarroti’s work on the Sistine Chapel is a masterpiece worth visiting before one’s coffin-dodging days are over. Located within the walls of Vatican City, La Cappella Sistina is an irrefutable artistic wonder with its frescoed ceiling, vibrant colours, and biblical tapestries painted throughout the chapel. Over 300 figures are depicted, including the famous illustration of “The Last Judgement,” arguably the greatest accomplishment of Michelangelo’s career. It’s big, beautiful, probably one of the most taxing artistic projects ever commissioned, and well worth the p wait to tour the chapel. One thingg to keep in mind: The chapel is sweltering, weelte wel w tering tering ter ngg, h humid, um umi m d,,
and crammed with tourists—be prepared to come across more than a shared appreciation for artistic talent. —Katarina Lukich 4. Siem Reap, Cambodia Located in northwestern Cambodia, Siem Reap is the gateway to Angkor, the ancient capital city of Cambodia. Upon arrival, drop your bags at one of the area’s world ld ld class resorts and hire a car to take you ou by into the national park—an area marked by 1,000-year-old ruins and highlighted byy the world famous Angkor Wat temple. Th Thee re temple complex spans over 1,000 square kilometres and is fully accessible to tourur-ur ists with the direction of a guide. If possible, travel during the wet season—bright mornings give way to rainy afternoons and bring out the vibrant greens of the lush jungle that seem to devour the ruins. Tree roots burst through the walls and thick green moss covers much of the black stone, creating a truly unique opportunity for photographers and a juxtaposition between manmade structure and nature unlike any other in the world. —Ryan Mallough 5. Catherine’s Palace, Russia It may be a cold place to visit on the best of days, but Catherine’s Palace in Tsarskoe Selo, Russia is one for the bucket list. Originally built as a summer home for the tsar and his family, the luxurious and ostentatious blue and white palace contains over 100 kilograms of gold crafted into the design. Marble and gemstones can be viewed all over the palace walls, but the most extravagant part of the abode is constructed entirely of amber gemstones in various sizes and shades—the renowned Amber sii Room. Detailed architecture and bright R colour-usage co o add to the atmosphere of a grandiose and charming national treasure. ggr r At A the very least, it is undoubtedly the niceest summer home you will ever visit. es —Katarina Lukich 6. Hvar, Croatia The country of Croatia is a must-see destination on any traveller’s Eurotrip. Croatia is composed of over 1000 islands, all of which have their own unique charm; however, one of the most beautiful isllands lan ands ds iss und un dou oub ubteedly ubted lyy Hvar. r. Spe SSpend pe p nd nd yyou yo ou o r undoubtedly your day ay walking ay walki wa l ngg through th thr hroug o gh Hvar oug Hvar a and an and nd admire admi d re the Venetian-infl Ven Ve e eti tiianan infl nfl n fluenced uence ue nced nce d aand nd b nd be bea beautifully ea e uti utif tiiful fulllyy conccon on nstructed str truct ucted cted d buildings buiilding bui buildi ldi d ngs di g lining linin li nin ing its its coast. co coa oast st. t Venture Veentu V n urree nt into int n o the the h iisl island sland sland an n an aand nd yyou o wil ou w will i l find nd yo yyourself ours urrself el elf ssurrounded sur rou ou und nde n ded b eac eacefu a efu ul vvillages illage ill age g s and an nd d lavenllaav lav a en enn-n byy p peaceful der d eerr field eelds. ds. Take Tak T Ta ake a mo ak mom moment ment tto o rrelax eelaax o on n the the many man m ma any p postcard-worthy ost stca tcar carrd d-w wo orr hy ort hy bea b beaches eaaches ches aand che nd d soa so soak o k oak up p tthe he su ssun. un. n. A Att nig n ni igh htt, yo ht, h you ou ccan an n see ee a pla ee p n night, playy iin tth the h hee 16 16th-century 16thth cen thth cceentur entur en ttu ury Hvar Hvar ar Theatre, eaattre, ea eat re, re, e, take ta take ke aw walk alk lkk along aallon ong ng the ng the beautiful th beau eautif tif tif i ull MediMediMed dii ter errran an nean eaan an waterfront, watter wa teerrfro ont, n or dine nt diine d ne terranean at one n off th ne the he many manyy ou o outt tdoor doo do d oor ccafés aafé afés féés and and restaureessttau rres au au-
SIEM REAP, CAMBODIA CAM beginning to cover the ruins The jungle is b
photo by Ryan Mallough
SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA A restaurant-lover’s paradise
photo by Leia Atkinson
rant terraces. Croatia may be small, but its beauty is mighty. —Emily Jackson
up the rugged terrain or why the wall was necessary at all. —Ryan Mallough
7. The Great Barrier Reef, Australia If the beautiful weather and friendly people aren’t reason enough to get you to visit the land down under, don’t forget that the country boasts the largest—and most stunning—reef system on Earth: The Great Barrier Reef. At more than 2,600 kilometres in length, the reef has been named a United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization World Heritage Site for its unrivalled biodiversity. In the shallow seas off the Queensland coast live thousands of species of colourful, tropical fish amongst breathtaking coral. Be sure to book your trip to the Great Barrier Reef as soon as possible, as global climate change and the subsequent warming of the seas are slowly making the waters in which the reef lies unsuitable for the coral to continue growing. Whether you snorkel, scuba dive, or hop on a boat for a tour, make sure you head to Australia to see the Great Barrier Reef while you still can! —Peter McLaren
9. Brazil There’s no shortage of reasons to visit Brazil before you die: Delicious food, diverse landscapes, several varieties of mangos, pay-by-weight ice cream shops, and ittybitty bikinis. Brazil is colourful and delicious in every way, and each state in the country has its own personality. In northern Brazil, women proudly show off their curves on the beautiful beaches and in the south, the historical architecture of European settlements is adorned with artistic graffiti. Anyone visiting Brazil can’t leave before sampling a piece of pao de queijo, Brazil’s famous cheese bread, and tossing back one of their famous cocktails, called caipirinha. Despite the glorious beaches and delectable food, the most important reason to visit Brazil is the Brazilians themselves. They are gorgeous, funny, warm, and welcoming people who never leave a dancer without a partner. —Frankie Leclair
8. The Great Wall of China, China Located in northern China and stretching a mind-boggling 6,000 kilometres, the Great Wall of China is one of the most magnificent feats of engineering in the history of man. To fully appreciate its grandeur, take a cab ride from Beijing. As you drive driv ve along alongg the he city’s city tyy s winding wind wind n ingg roads, roads ro ads,, feast feas eastt your breathtaking you ourr eyes eye yes es on n one on o ne of of the the most mos m mo ost b reaatht tht th htaki ak ng ak ng views range vie ieews w in in the th he world: he wo w orld d: The mountain mou ou o unta ntain in rran ange ge that miles and d gr ggreen reeen en en forests fo forests reesttss tha rres th hat ggive hat iivee way wa way tto om iillees ile off the er th Great Grrea eeat aat Wall. Wall. Wa lllll. Once O cee at On at the thee top, t p, to p aft fter ft er climbing climbi cli liimbing mbi bingg a surprising surp urp rpri riising ris ngg amount am amo ou oun un u t of of stairs, stai t irs, rss, rs, marvel the marvel mar vel e at th he 11,000-year-old ,00 0 0-y 0 year arr-o -ol old structure stru t ctu cturre re and a d took the h manpower ma manpo np power it it to ookk to o build, buiild, b d, while while wh ile lee askas a kk-in ing ngg yourself n yours yo urself elf lff why wh why hy anyone any nyo one ne in in their th the heir i ir right would rig igh htt mind min mi m iin nd w o ld eever oul v tr ver tryy to bring army to b br bri ringg an n arm ar rmyy
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10. New Zealand If countless beautiful mountain ranges, rolling hills, and unbelievable coastline roads don’t entice you to visit New Zealand, then maybe this will: New Zealand is consistently named the best adventure country on Earth. The country is home to the southern hemisphere’s highest bungee jump, which allows adrenaline junkies to freee fall fre fall al for for eight eigh eigh g t seconds gh seco seco ond nds and a d 134 an 134 34 metres. metrreess.. met me Looking Loo L Lookin ookkin ing to to keep keep ep your yo ou urr feet fe t planted fee plan la tted la ed fi firml rml rm rmly mly ml ly on n the th ground? th grround? oun und d?? Con Consider nsid s der si er h hik hiking iking iking ing through th hrrou o ough h Neew Ze Ne New Z Zeala Zealand’s eaala land lan nd nd’ d d’’s countless cou oun o un untle tl ss ss mil m mi miles iles of of lauded lau aude auded ded d eed d trails. ttr tra trai ra rails ils. Oft Ofte fteen n ccalled alled all led d one one of the tth hee top top 10 oneoneon day treks trreks k in in the tthe w worl orl rld, d the co d, count un unt u n ry nt ry s T ry’ on onworld, country’s Tongariro gar ariro ariro ro Alpine Al A pin ine Crossing in Cros Cros ro osssin o sin si i g is in is a must-see m sstmu stt-see eee for fo for or nature n nat ture ur lo ure llovers. ovver ers. Loc L Located occate a ed d on on the th hee North Nor No orrth o h IsIs Is lland, lan d th d, thi hiis ttrek r k ta rek ttakes ake kes kes e yo you u aaround ro rou o nd ou n the he ba base see this of M Mo Mou Mount o nt nt Nga N Ng Ngauruhoe, g uru ruhoe hoe, w ho hoe which, hic hi ih h,, for fo aal alll of of you you u Thee Lord Th Lord ord of of the the he Rings Rin ings g fans, fa fans ans ns, s was w s ffeatured wa eature eat ea ture ur d in ur in th the he film m ada aadaptations ptaatio p tions n as ns as Mount M ntt Doo Mou oo om m.. Doom. —Em —Emily Em mily ily Ja Jackson acks ck k on kson ks on
photo by Edward Roue
Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
Airport survival guide Breezing through security and fighting boredom Spencer Van Dyk | Fulcrum Contributor
THE FACT OF the matter is, while planning a trip, most people prefer to focus on the destination and choose to put the actual travel time out of their minds. Many travellers dread airports and view any fl ight longer than an hour as a scheme on b eha llff o eha off the th he universe u nivers e se to to ruin r uin n their tth heir lives. livves li vees. behalf If you If yyo ou are ou a re experiencing ar expe expe perienci rie iienc ncing nci ngg the n t hee unlucky th un u unluc n lu lluc u ucky k y lott off all al all-day l l-day ll -da day trav d ttravel, rav avel, av eell fe ffear a r not ar n not, ot, voyager! voya oyyager gerr! There erre i hope is hop h pe for for or mak m ma a iin ak ing ng your your yo u travels travel tr tra veeells iintr vel ntttrrigu ntr igumaking intriguiing ngg ye n yyet. ett.. A transatlantic t ran a nsat an satlan sa lan a ntic tiic trip ttrriip tri p is i no no longer lo ger lo lon g r ge a ttedious edious ed edi ous o uss tw ttwo-month-long wo-m o month on o ont ntt h-l n h-llong ong jjo journey urn ney ey on o the M Ma May ay fl flo o wer, b wer we ut rather ut rat ra at he her er a perfectly perr fec per fec ectly tly lyy survivsu surv urvi vivvvMayfl ower, but able abl aab ble half-day b half lff--da daay fl ight d ig ht ht that th tha hat can ha can n be (dare ((da dar a re I say say it?) it? ?) eenjoyable. njoyab nj njo yab yabl able. lee.. le Kn Kno Know n win w iing how ho ow w and an nd what what wh at to pack at pa k is pac is crucruu Knowing cia ci i l. Besides ial. ia Bessid Bes ide des tthe d he obv he o bviou bv v iou iou ouss p asspor ass asspor po or tt,, tic ti cket k t,, cial. obvious passport, ticket, an and an nd d tr ttrip rip p it iti itiner itinerary, t ine ti neerraary ner ryy, you yo ou u need neeeed tto nee o rremember eme membe mb mbe b r to abide ab d abi dee by by the hee in increasi inc creeaasi cr cre ssing ngl g ly strict stri rict ri ct airportairr por po p o orr tt-increasingly ssecurity sec securi eccuri urri u urity rityy regulations. regg ula re reg u latio t ions. tions. nss. Make n Maake M a kkee sure you sur su sure you ou put put all aall l of of yyour our ou our ttoi to oi oi let leett ry r y ite it tem te ms iin ms n the th th he toiletry items p pi pie cee off luggage lu lug uggga gage gag age yyou ou u piece plla n to plan pla to check, chec ecck, k, as as you o ou wil w il l not no ott bee allowed a llowe all ow weed w will to car to ccarry ca aarrry ry p ry pr pro rro odu du duc uccts ts products llik i ke sshampoo, ham ham mpoo, poo p o, perper errlike ffu fum um u me, me, e, or or razors raazors rraz ors rs on on fume, board b boa oa oa rd rd w wi wit with itt h yyou. ou.. Canadian Caa n Canad nad ad a ian ian airport a irpo ai airpo port p rt rregulation reg regula eg eg ula ullatio t ion tio n allows a llo llllo lows a passenger pass assenger asseng as eng ngerr to to fi fill fil l l a oneo on neell
litre capacity plastic bag, provided at the airport, with bottles of liquids or creams 100-millilitres or less. Bring a travel-size bottle of hand sanitizer, but leave your massive container of conditioner in your stowed-away luggage. When dressing for air travel, remember that layers are key. Opt for sweaters instead of jackets because they can double as pillows and are less likely to have to be taken off when you go through security. Always bring a change of clothes in your carry-on baggage. Airlines tend to lose luggage like it’s their job, so you could potentially have to survive for a cou ouple p of ple of days day without w ithou wit houtt your your ou bags. b bag agss. couple IIn n order ord o rder to t bea b beat eeat b boredom oredom ore dom do m in in an n ai a irr-airport, por p r t, t, bring brringg a d bri deck eccckk off cards eck ca rds rds instead in inste inste teaad d of b bo boa oa rd d gam ggames, ames, am mes which which wh ch take ttaa ke up up mu m muc uc u hm or ore board much more space sp spa cee and a d contain ccon co onta nta in ntain in many many man an ny ssmall ma l aand mal n eas nd ea easa sily lyy lo llost ost s pie st p pi pieces. cess. T ces. ces Take akke ake k you yyour yo our ur favourite favour fa fav ou urite itee pa paape p per rbac ba k book book ok as op ok o pp pos o eed d to to a hardcover hard arrdco ccov o er perback opposed one—hardcovers o one n ne—ha —ha rdc —h dcove overss wil wi will iill l o only nly n lyy w we weigh eigh ggh h yo you ou dow dow down. w n. n If If possible, pos p ossib sible, si le, lle le, leave eaave vvee yo you your ur lap ur laptop ap ptop top aatt to hom home om me in in favour favo avour ur of o taking tak akk ing ngg your yyour iPod iPod for iPo fo orr ent nttert n ertai ert rttaai ain in i ment meeent. men t. Laptops Lap aap pttop to op ops are a re cumbersome cu cum u mbe um ber ber e som some me entertainment. and an nd n d will wi w lll have hav hav a e to to be be stored sto sto to tor ored d in n the th h overhead ov overh e head d biin wh bin whil while ile l yo your your ur fl fliight ight htt ta takes k s off kes ff and a nd nd lan nds, d lands, whi wh h ch hi h leaves lea le eaves ve them th heem m at at risk ris issk for ffo or beor beewhich ing in n bumped ng bu b mpe mp mp peed around. a rou rou u nd nd You nd. Yo You may, may ay, y how ho owev ow eve v rr,, use ve use your you yo urr laptop lap pto ttop op durdu durrrhowever, in iing n ng the th he fl ight, ig h ig ht, tt, as long lo ongg as as it it iss set seeett to to “airplane “aa iirp rplan ne m mode.” ode o de d .” . Thee price Th prr ice p ce of of food fo o fo od d iin n an n airair irrpor po p o or t is is atrocious, atro rocio ro ocio ciio ci ous, uss, u s , so o pack paack p ck somesome som o om meeport th thi hi ngg from f rom h fr fro home ome om me, but me but ut be be su sur sure ure it’s itt’s t’’s thing home, no ot a snack snackk that sna ttha hat will w ill i lll get il ggeet squashed. squ quaa sheed. d. not Bring Bri Br B ri r i ng ng an a n empty emp em mp pty t y water wat w a err bottle at bot b ott tle o t lee that t hat th at you yo yo ou u c aan fi ca fill l l up up once oncce you onc yo ou u make mak m ma ake it it past past stt security secu secur cur u ity it can ll
illustration by Devin Beauregard
an and nd d are ar a re at at your yyo our our u r gate. g ga Airports Air Airpor irr por po or ts or ts are a re designed to dissuade people peo l from ffrrom m sleeping, sle leep le ep people so fi nding the right pla p l ccee to to nap nap a iis pa p ar place paramount. Choose somewh whe heere far f en fa eenoug nough oug o u h from other people that ug where enough th h noise noise no isse se won’t won’t wo on n’t ’t distract d the you, but close enough eno en no n ough ug h that th hatt you yyou won’t sleep through your boarding you boar oard din din ng announcement. an your If you do
choose to take a snooze, use your luggage or purse as a pillow. Never leave any baggage unattended in the airport. Above all, try to have fun while you wait for your fl ight. Get excited about your trip, go shopping, or read a book. Besides, no matter how many martinis you toss back pre-fl ight at the airport bar
or how lost you get trying to fi nd your gate, the staff is there to guide you. Don’t be afraid to ask for help. And remember, most transcontinental fl ights serve free alcohol, so if worse comes to worst, indulge in a bottle of wine and enjoy a peaceful slumber until you land. Safe travels!
The hitchhiker’s handbook An expert shares her wisdom Danielle Vicha | Fulcrum Staff
ADMITTEDLY, HITCHHIKING IS far from the safest method of travel. Not only do hitchhikers run the risk of getting tangled up with the authorities, but they’re also breaking the very first rule any parent gives to his or her child: Don’t get in the car with strangers. Regardless of the legal and physical dangers associated with hitchhiking, people stand at the side of the highway every single day, arms outstretched and thumbs up. If you’re going to join their ranks—and we sincerely hope you don’t!—make sure you’ve got yourself covered. The basics of the business First things first: In order to hitchhike, you will have to make your way to the highway. Th is will require a lot of walking, fence-hopping, and law-breaking. To let drivers know that you’re looking to hitch a ride, do it like you’ve seen on
the silver screen: Stick your arm out on the side of the road and raise your thumb up in the air. It’s that simple. Now prepare to wait for someone to stop and pick you up. Remember, hitchhiking is not a glamorous activity; it will be hot, sweaty, and wet, and will involve long hours of waiting, starvation, and at times, dehydration. See a trucker? Get in the truck If you see an 18-wheeler coming down the highway, do what you must to get that driver to stop! Riding in an 18-wheeler is your golden ticket to the Trans-Canada highway. Truckers are usually going long distances and may also have double bunk beds for crashing at night. For the most part, they’re extremely friendly and are usually happy to have some company while travelling for hours on the road. Bring wet wipes Wet wipes are a lifesaver on any road trip, camping trip, and backpacking excursion. When you’re on the road, you’re not likely to see a bathroom or shower for a few days. Wet wipes can be used to wash your hands and face and clean up any sticky spill or mess. Consider packing some toilet paper, too!
Bring extra socks and the right pair of shoes When you’re travelling on the road for days on end, you will want to remember to change those socks. Sure, you’ll be wearing shoes all day, but when it comes time to take them off, you’re not going to want to disgust your driver and get kicked out of the car. A good pair of shoes to wear for the road are closed toe and comfortable. You will spend hours walking in mud, on gravel, through fields, and in rain puddles. No high heels or flip-flops for you! Protect yourself The road can be a dangerous place, now more than ever, so you will have to be prepared for any kind of danger. You should never hitchhike alone and it is advisable to go in co-ed groups or pairs. When you and your hitchhiking partner are getting into a car, make sure you both hop in at the same time. Trust your gut instinct—if the driver looks sketchy, don’t get in the car. A good way to get out of an unwanted ride is to ask if the person is heading to a city in the opposite direction. When he or she responds negatively, you can excuse yourself from the ride. Smart hitchhikers do not travel at night and always carry a
high-pitched emergency alarm. Some drivers will invite you to stay overnight at their place, but don’t accept the offer. It’s much safer to be on the road than in someone’s home. You do not want to stray too far from the highway until you have reached your final destination. Bring a map Don’t leave home without a map of the area you’ll be travelling to. As the hitchhiker, you need to know where you are going. It is important to navigate the roads along with the driver who has picked you up. Not all drivers know where they’re going, and if you miss your exit and have to hitch a ride back, you’re going to be on the side of the road longer than necessary. Pack lightly The more you carry, the heavier your bag will be, so grab the necessities and leave the gadgets at home. You’ll need a water bottle, sunscreen, cellphone,
snacks, credit card, deodorant, a toothbrush, and a few clothing items. Be prepared to face the wrath of your parents Your parents will most certainly call the police, alert your family members, and nag you about your hitchhiking for the rest of your life. Remind yourself that they’re doing this because they love you. If you insist on hitchhiking, despite your loved ones’ concerns, fi ll them in on your plans and promise to call and text as often as possible.
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4 Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
Unparalleled EVERY YEAR, HUNDREDS of Canadian students migrate south like geese, flocking to tropical destinations to spend their reading weeks sipping margaritas on sandy beaches. Sure, heading south is great… But did you know you can meet Anne of Green Gables in Prince Edward Island or that you can see wild polar bears in northern Manitoba? You can even go skiing almost any time of the year in British Columbia! So, we ask you, with so many amazing things to do in our very own country, why bother going to the Caribbean? Fulcrum writers make the case for keeping it Canadian this reading week and exploring the natural and manmade beauties of our nation’s glorious provinces. British Columbia Frommer’s fave Rushing rapids that flow into sapphire blue lakes and lush green forests that give way to black mountains capped with snow-white peaks: Th is is the image that comes to mind when asked to describe Canada. It is the image of British Columbia, “the best place on earth.” The province, which is recognized by Frommer’s Travel Guides as a “top travel destination,” is home to world-class wing and some of Canada’s g, eries,, dining, fi n fin nest esst eest
sorts and is the site of the most successful Olympic Games Canadians have ever known. B.C. is also home to the city of Vancouver, the Economist’s third most liveable city in the world, which has served as the backdrop for horror fi lms such as Freddy vs. Jason and the Scary Movie franchise. British Columbia is not just the best province in Canada, British Columbia is Canada. —Ryan Mallough Alberta Giddy-up! There are plenty of reasons to visit Alberta. The province holds the world record for the largest indoor shopping mall. The 5.3 million square foot West Edmonton Mall contains over 800 stores, as well as indoor water and amusement parks, movie theatres, hotels, more than 100 restaurants, and even a skating rink. Visitors can never be bored, thanks to the wide variety of entertainment available. To the south, Jasper National Park is a hiker’s dream. Less crowded than Banff National Park, miles of forest and mountain trails are open to the public, and visitors can walk on the Athabasca Glacier in the Columbia ice field. Take a gradual climb up a mountain, passing stones that mark the former edge of the glacier over time, and step onto the remnants of an ice age. It’s winter jacket weather on the glacier even in August, so a visit can be a great way to beat the heat. And when you get tired of all that hiking and climbing, g, relax your y muscles and your you ur mind min in in the Miette Hotsprings, the hottest Hotspr Ho Hot sp spr p ing in ng springs spr p ing ngs in ng i the Canadian Rockies. Roc R ocki k i s. kie Just Jus st a few hours away, t he Ca the Calgary Stampede welcomes rodeo fans w we wel eellcom com from ffro rom al aall l over the world every eve ry July. J Visitors can participate in the tradipar p a ticci artic tions tio ti iio ons ns of the Canadian west wes est through rodeo, derby, d der b an agricultural by fair, ffai aiir, r and live country music mus m s shows around town. tow to ow —Abria Mattina
QUE PERCE, ROCHER kie Leclair Fran
Abo Aborig borig igina ina l inal art, rt Aboriginal art, highlighted by the universally recognized totem poles of B.C.’s Aboriginal bands. B.C. is home to 91 national historic sites, 10 provincial historical sites, and three UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Whistler, one of the province’s most famous cities, boasts world-class ski re-
Saskatchewan Sas skat katche che hewan hewan wan n Hard to spell, easy t to draw Some people are quick to dismiss Saskatchewan as little more than a flat, rectangular, wheat-fi lled province, but there’s more to it than you’d expect. Despite its small population of just over one million people, Saskatchewan is home to a diverse blend of cultural backgrounds.
Many groups settled on the Prairies over the years, and today Saskatchewan has thriving populations of people who come from European home countries, such as the Ukraine, Germany, and Norway. Saskatchewan is also home to the largest concentration of First Nations people of any province in Canada. Contrary to popular belief, there’s more to do in Saskatchewan than harvest wheat. Saskatoon, the province’s largest city, is surprisingly cosmopolitan and hosts numerous cultural events throughout the year. There are also two national parks in the province, the Grasslands National Park of Canada and the Prince Albert National Park of Canada. Calling Saskatchewan flat as a board is hardly an exaggeration. While travelling the countryside, the horizon stretches endlessly; it’s called the land of the living skies for a reason. Saskatchewan is full of surprises for those willing to give the province a try, and once you’ve visited, you’ll understand the magic of Canada’s flattest province. —Joseph Boer Manitoba nadian Quintessentially Canadian Polar bears, hockey, and the aurora borealis—these spectacular things are traditionally Canadian, and they can all be found in the province of Manitoba. The arguably underrated province contains some very unique attractionss that truly make this prov-ince the hidden gem of ourr fair country. Situated along the shore re of the Hudson Bay is the h he town of Churchill, which h is is otherwise known as the poolar bear capital of the world. orrld. orld. ld In Churchill, tourists are abl able blle to catch a glimpse of not only only n ly the big white bears but als also o beluga whales, all the w while hi e hil hile hi enjoying the breathtaking ng aauurora borealis. Travelling ssouth, out h, out h, sightseers can enjoy the Internanternate nater tional Peace Gardens, a stunning u nni nin ing ng botanical masterpiece along ong ng the th he Manitoba–North Dakotaa bo boardoard ardrd d er. For paleontology lovers, vers, ers rss the t he he province also boasts thee largest lla rge rgest stt collection of prehistoric marine fossils in North America. Art fanatics and sports fans alike will be enthralled by the bustling capital city of Winnipeg. Those craving culture should check out the Winnipeg Art Gallery, which contains the world’s largest public collection of Inuit art. Sports lovers can cheer for the local football team, the Blue Bombers, or show their support for the newest addition to the NHL, the Winnipeg Jets.
Th is year, make it a priority to visit Manitoba and enjoy some truly quintessential Canadian attractions. —Laura Falsetto Ontario The big “O” When people talk about Canada, they usually mention Tim Hortons, hockey, and the word “eh.” But perhaps the province they think of first is Ontario. Not only does Ontario boast the capital city of the country, but it also contains half of Canada’s people and its biggest city. Our own beautiful city of Ottawa boasts the breathtaking Parliament Buildings, many museums, and the world’s largest outdoor skating rink. While skating along the Rideau Canal, tourists can enjoy a hometown favourite dessert, the Beaver Tail. No one can forget his or her first time biting into the crispy-on-the-outside, soft-on-the-inside delicacy. The city of Toronto is one of the most multicultural metropolises in the world, and tourists flock in droves to its CN Tower, which is one of the planet’s tallest free-standing ffre ree reee-sstan taa nding b buildings. u din uil diings. gs To gs. Tor Toronto orro onto on iss also al o als
natural world. From city skylines to rugged northern forests, the province of Ontario truly has it all. —Luna Al Kinani Quebec The beautiful province There is a reason Quebec is called “la belle provence.” No, not because of the lower drinking age (although that is a
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famous for the Toronto International Film Festival, which attracts dozens of movie stars every year. In northern Ontario, sightseers will marvel at the natural and largely untouched beauty of the landscape. Near the American border in the province’s south, tourists will find unrivalled fresh-water beaches. Ontario is also the home of Niagara Falls, which is a current candidate for the new list of the seven wonders of the
D, B.C C.
Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
provinces nice bonus) and no, not because of the Montreal Canadiens. The best thing about the great province of Quebec lies in the beauty of the Laurentians, an area about 35 minutes north of Montreal. The Laurentians, home of rolling mountains and scattered lakes, is the perfect place for tourists to visit year-round. The mountains, including Mont Tremblant, Mont Blanc, and Mont Saint-Sauver, are world-class skiing locations. Mont Tremblant in particular is also famous for its ad-
jacent and quaint village, which has charmed sightseers for decades. Not into winter sports? Quebec is home to countless vast lakes, some of which are the cleanest in Canada, for sun-worshippers to swim in and boat on. It’s hard for me to imagine a better province then Quebec. The landscape, the culture, and the history are all so overwhelming. It may take you more than just one trip to discover it all. —Andrew Ikeman
New Brunswick A maritime treasure Why should you choose to go to New Brunswick over all the other provinces? The Maritime province has the largest chocolate factory in all of Canada. Enough said. Lacking a sweet tooth? Don’t worry, there’s still plenty for you in New Brunswick. Unlike the flat Prairies, your view in New Brunswick is conveniently and wonderfully obstructed by beautiful hills. The province is dotted by colourful Maritime towns that play host to different music festivals throughout the year. Water-lovers can kayak or canoe in the Bay of Fundy, and if they’re lucky, may come across a pod of whales—which is something you definitely won’t experience in many other Canadian provinces. The seafood in New Brunswick is phenomenal. In the small city of Shediac, the lobster is to die for. It’s served fresh off the boat and prepared in a delicious way that only natives of the province can achieve. New Brunswick is a province of beauty and is overflowing with Maritime culture and incredible food. Is there anything better? —Emily Jackson
N’S, N , ST. JOH Y R E T T THE BA Leia Atkinson
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Nova Scotia An east coast gem If the small town ideals of humility, kindness, hospitality, and the slow life are really what makes us Canadian, then Peggy’s Cove, N.S. is unquestionably the most Canadian town in all the land. Whether you spend the day exploring this adorable little fishing village or just sitting by the lighthouse and staring out at the sea, it will remain in your heart forever. History buffs will also enjoy the Fortress of Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island, where every day an army of actors provide an interactive recreation of the French fortress and city once known as the Gibraltar of the North. Finally, don’t leave the province without seeing the Bluenose II, a sort of mobile museum devoted to our country’s greatest achievement in sailing. The original Bluenose—designed by none other than my great, great uncle, William J. Roué—was not only an able fishing vessel, but the fastest sailing ship in history, consistently bringing back the Fisherman’s Cup year after riveting year. Unfortunately, because Canada at that time was a nation of ingrates and rum runners, the Bluenose was eventually sold to a shipping company that ran it against a
rree reef eeeeff iin n tthe he C Car Caribbean. aribb bean. an. The Blueno Blu Bluenose l en se II II is is a fulllyy fun fully ctiiona on l scal sscale ca e rrepl cal eplica epl icaa, which w whic hich ch sails sail sail ai s functional replica, from harbour to harbour, giving Canadians an opportunity to actually stand on that boat we all have in our change purses. —Edward RouE Prince Edward Island Red soil and royalty What Prince Edward Island lacks in size, it certainly makes up for in sheer beauty and spirit. The tiny island, home to 140,000 Canadians, is instantly identifiable by its rolling green hills, traditional lighthouses, and red soil. Canadians are happy to travel great distances to see the uniquely coloured land and taste fresh, unrivalled seafood caught off the island’s shores. Small farming communities pepper the province and its coastline is occupied by the hardworking families of fishermen and women. Prince Edward Island is also home to one of the country’s most celebrated achievements in engineering, Confederation Bridge. The bridge spans across the Abegweit Passage of the Northumberland Strait and connects the tiny island to New Brunswick. Prince Edward Island inspired one of Canada’s most celebrated writers, Lucy Maud Montgomery, to write the Anne of Green Gables series. The books are a beloved childhood favourite of countless people the whole world over, including none other than Catherine, the Duchess of Cambridge. In fact, the Duchess loves Anne Shirley so much that she specifically requested to visit Prince rinc incee her Edward Island duringg her first official tour of Canada. ada. da Ocean coves, unparalleled lele e ed ele d green hills, rugged cliffs, and and a stamp of approval from rom om m ot os Kate, the world’s most adored duchess? Prince E Eddward Island truly is a gem em m amongst the provinces off Canada. —Kristyn Filip p
Newfoundland and Labrador An island made of fog There’s a common myth on the east coast of Canada that says once, a long time ago, Prince Edward Island was the topsoil of Newfoundland. One day, a great wind came and blew P.E.I. to a land of its own, and all that was left of Newfoundland was the rocky surface we see today. If you go to Newfoundland and Labrador now, you are likely to be overwhelmed by the rugged beauty of the province. The brightly coloured, Victorian-styled houses of downtown St. John’s are enveloped by a dreamlike mist that spreads across the island. The Atlantic Ocean crashes upon each side of the province and the wind howls so loudly through the night that tourists fear their place of lodging might be blown away. The people of Newfoundland and Labrador are kind hearted; they’re the kind of folks who will welcome you into their home and serve you a fresh bowl of stew. Music is an integral part of the culture of the province—kitchen parties are common where sticks and spoons are used as instruments. The island is a place unique in its culture and it possesses a beautifully rugged landscape. With puffi ns, icebergs, humpback whales, rural fishing villages, and lovely people, who could ask for anything else? —Leia Atkinson
RED SAN D SHORE , P.E.I. Frankie Leclair
6 Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
Hotel versus Hostel versus Bed and Breakfast versus Tent Where should you stay on your next trip?
eading week is almost upon us and most students would vehemently agree it’s time for a break—one last hurrah before the winter weather sweeps across our city and renders us confi ned to our apartments and dorm rooms. While there’s no doubt we could all use a vacation, the question remains: Where to stay? Fulcrum writers make the case for their favourite forms of lodging.
Hotels Security, comfort, convenience Many students are turned off by the idea of booking a hotel room because they assume doing so is extremely pricey. Contrary to popular belief, one can stay in a hotel without breaking the bank. If you’re willing to do the research, you’ll most defi nitely be able to fi nd a cheap room in a reputable hotel. Besides the thrill of scoring a great room at an even better rate, students should consider staying in hotels while travelling because of the convenience factor. Hotels are abundant in nearly every major and minor metropolis; therefore, travellers can situate themselves in the heart of a city, by the airport, or virtually wherever they choose. Hotels offer the luxury of a personal bathroom and the comfort of your own space. Unlike in hostels, you are free to take your time in the shower and eat at a leisurely pace without the hustle and bustle that comes with sharing these areas. You also aren’t forced to sleep a foot away from a stranger in a hotel, which isn’t always possible with other lodging options. Some companies offer packages which include a hotel room and fl ight or train tickets, which is an excellent way
to stay on budget while travelling. Most importantly, staying in a hotel is usually a traveller’s safest option. Feel free to roam a city with peace of mind, knowing your belongings are safely stored within a locked room. —Laura Falsetto Hostels Prime time to socialize You’ve covered tuition, maxed out your credit card on textbooks, paid fi rst and last month’s rent, and are barely managing to feed yourself weekly. Yes, you need a vacation to restore your sanity, but you clearly cannot afford anything luxurious. For this very reason, hostels ste tells are the way to go for students. Backpacker- and student-friendly, nd ndl d ly, yy,, hostels are the best for socializing with w th wi h other travellers and usually includee exexxcellent freebies to take advantage o of. f. f. Many hostels offer their lodgers simple mp plee continental breakfasts and some host host ostt game nights, pub crawls, and walking k ingg tours of the city. Most hostels are locatocc ata ed within walking distance of the city’s ity ty’ ys best attractions and are often a stone’s one’ ne’s ne throw away from subway systems or bu b buss routes. Another added bonus of staying in in a hostel is the opportunity to share living vii ngg quarters with backpackers from all o over vveer ver e the world. You’re bound to walk away away way wa from the experience with a new group roup oup p of international friends, a foreign lover, ovver over, er,, or, at the very least, a couple of Facebook boo bo o ok oo friend requests. Finally, if you opt to save your penpen en nnies by going the hostel route, you’ll ou’ ou u’ ll u l have more in the bank to blow wh while w whi hii lee h exploring the city, shopping, and dining nin ni i g ing out. What more could you ask for? —Frankie Leclair lai aii r a
experience, the comforts of home, delicious food, and an affordable night’s stay, B&Bs are the way to go. What makes B&Bs the best? It’s all in the name, folks. First B: Beds. Beds in B&Bs are comfy, homey, and come in charming houses with personalized and elegant rooms that tend to overlook breathtaking local views. Now on to the more important component of the title: Breakfast. No matter what kind of vacation you’re on, in the mornings you’re going to need either: A) hangover recovery, or B) fuel for a long day of shopping, sightseeing, beach lounging, hiking, museum visiting, or p par tyi y ng. g B&Bs B&B B& Bs are th B thee only o y place p ace where pl w ere wh err partying. y u don’t you d on do n’tt need neeeed d to to cook coo co ook for forr yyou yourself, ou o u rse r elf, elf, lff but utt yo yyou u can c an n sti still t llll enj till eenjoy njoy nj o a home h home-cooked ome mee-co cooke co okk d o mea m eea l—o — ofte ftentimes enti enti nt me mes e be b bette ette tteer er than t han th han what wh whatt meal—oft better mom mom m makes. m maa ke keess. kes s. B&Bss o B& B&B off ffeer ff er two tw wo o Cs C s that tth tha h t sterile ster eerr ile illlee hotel hotel ho otel e el cha ch hains i nss and ins a nd putting an putt ttt ing ngg up up your yyo ourr o own wn n tent tteent nt chains can a n’t: an ’tt:: Chill C Chil Ch h il iill ll and an a nd charming, char haaarr m h min iin ng, g , and g, d who w ho wh can’t: wouldn’t wo wou w ou ldn d n’tt wan dn w want a nt that th haatt on vacation? hat vacat va c aatt ion cat ion on?? Oth O tther e perks peerkkss of p per of B&B B B& &B & Bs iinclude ncl nc clude de ge de ggetting ettt tti t ng ng Other B&Bs a llocal’s oca o ca ll’s ’ss in insid nssid siide ide sscoop coop co coo po nw heerreve hereve her e ver veer yyou’re ou’rree ou’ ou inside on wherever staying. sta tayin yin ngg.. Ch Che C Cheaper h ap ape per prices p pric r ces ric es than th tha ha n hotels hote tels l can ls an n eeasily eas asily i llyy be found found fo d iiff yo yyou ou dig d igg around a ro aro roun und u nd d a little, lit li it tl tle lee, eespecially esp speci ecciall eci llly w hen h n you yyo ou consider cons on nsid ns nsid ide der tthat d hat yyo ou u when you don d do o ’tt h on hav avve to ave to pa p ay for ay for fo or llo occal al a ca calls a ll lls ls, p ls ark rkk in i ngg , ing don’t have pay local calls, parking, orr mo m mov ovv ies i . movies. No N o dou dou doubt ub btt abo aab about b u bo bout utt it, itt,, co ccomfy omfy m ffy be mf b beds ed dss and a nd d de del eell iici iccious ou ous us br b rea eak akk fas fa sts t s are a ree tth he fframework ramewo ra wo orrkk delicious breakfasts the you u should sshoul o d p lan a yo an yyour ou urr next nex t vacation ne nex vaac aca ccaatio i n plan around. around ar aro u nd und d. —Al —A A l i Schwabe Schw ch h w abe hw ab be —Ali
Tents The traveller’s home-on-the-go Sure, there’s a lot to be said for the comfort of a bed and a little electricity when you’re making your way around the world, but if you’re looking to experience some real rugged travelling, then the tent is the only way to go. Tent-travelling has got to be the most authentically Canadian way to spend your nights away from home. Your life cannot be called complete if you haven’t spent at least a few starry evenings listening to the sound of rain falling on waterproof canvas or warming your feet by a raging outdoor fi re. The trees, mud, fresh fre sh h air r, and a nd d coo cooll waters co wateers of of Canada’s Can Ca C an nada ad s air, camping cam am mpin pii ng ccountry oun un u ntry ttrr y ar try a re u are unparalleled npa npa nparal p ral rall lelleed d by by an any nyy of the tth hee p pastel-painted a s el--pai ast as paii nte pa painte n d vist vvistas ist aass yyou ist you’ll ou’ll ’ ll ’l ll fin fi nd aadorning dor ornin or nin ng your yo our urr sterile sst steri eeri er r lee hotel ho hot h otel ot el room, room, ro roo m, or or nd the tth hee cu ccutesy utes tesyy ccharm te har ha a mo ome om mee smallm sm small mall all off ssome town tow to ow wn B B&B. &B &B. & B B. The appea The aap pp pea ea l appeal of of com ommun om mu nmu muncommuningg wi w with itth hn na nat nature atture u re ur as asi ssiide dee,, te de, ttenting nti n nt tiingg aside, it u up p is is als also o exexx-tremely tre r mel re me y eeducaduc ducaucc aa-ttional. tio io onal nal. Do Do you you ou know ho h how ow w
Bed and Breakfasts Bacon and Bacon B&Bs don’t immediately come to mind when students think about where to rest their heads while on vacation. But for a personalized
to keep bears and raccoons from fi nding their way into your food stash or how to deter pesky bugs from nipping you from head to toe? One bad camping trip and I guarantee you’ll know more about nature, and how to manage it, than any of your city-dwelling companions. If you want to really experience the area you’re travelling to, then a tent is your only option. If you just want to play the tourist game and come back home with the same tired souvenirs and planned photo-ops as all your friends, well, then we don’t want you in our wildlife anyways. —Jaclyn Lytle
photos by Mico Mazza
Students have lodging options
photo by Nicole Leddy
Setting up camp Pitching a tent in the middle of October Laura Falsetto | Fulcrum Staff
WITH FALL READING week just around the corner, many students are ready for a change of scenery without breaking the bank. Instead of eradicating your savings account, why not consider going camping? Fall camping is a great opportunity to get away from your dorm room or apartment on a
student’s budget. Surrounding the Ottawa Valley are a bunch of beautiful campsites, many of which stay open during the fall season. Students can pack up a van, head to a campground, and enjoy the natural beauty of the fall season on a dime. Gatineau Park is the most convenient camping option for U of O students. Located 20 minutes away from Ottawa, the park is a great place for students to enjoy the fall foliage. History buffs will love Mackenzie King Estate, which is located in the park and is the country home of William Lyon
Mackenzie King, former Canadian prime minister. With over 90 kilometres of bicycle paths throughout the sites, students can get active while taking in the beautiful landscape. Hiking enthusiasts should visit the Luskville Falls, which feature a path leading to the Eardley Escarpment and a spectacular view of the Ottawa Valley. For those interested in escaping the Ottawa area altogether, consider heading to Logos Land Resort, located two hours north of Ottawa in Cobden, Ont. The resort offers campers special fall packages, which include train tours, fishing, and access to hiking trails.
Logos Land also has a golf club for those looking to squeeze in a few more rounds before the winter season starts. Campers can stay in RVs, tents, or cabins, which are offered at a reduced rate during the fall. Students who aren’t afraid of a long drive and some genuine wilderness exposure should head 300 kilometres west of Ottawa to Algonquin Park to enjoy what is arguably the most breathtaking scenery in Ontario. According to the park’s website, autumn is the best time to visit Algonquin, as the sight of the orange, yellow, and red forest is truly breathtaking. Here
campers have the choice to stay at campgrounds in yurts (a circular or eight-sided structure similar to tents), ranger cabins, RVs, or tents. Serious adventure-seekers can hop in a canoe and paddle to set up camp in some of the most remote locations in the park. Algonquin Park is home to some of the fi nest Canadian wildlife, so be sure to keep your eyes peeled for beavers, bears, and moose. If you feel like you need a breather from the stress of midterms and city life, take a break at one of these lovely campgrounds and enjoy all that fall camping has to offer.
Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
Ottawa, Kingston, and Montreal, Oh my! It is possible to have a kick-ass one-day vacation Kristyn Filip | Fulcrum Staff
YOU’RE BROKE, YOU’RE swamped with midterms, or your boss won’t give you time off. Whatever the reason, you’re stuck in Ottawa this reading week while your friends traipse around the world and, needless to say, you’re pissed. You could sit alone in your room, blogging angrily or throwing darts at a map, or you could shrug it off and plan an amazing one-day long “vacation” in Ottawa, Kingston, or Montreal. Ottawa Travellers flock to our beautiful city every year to marvel at the stately Parliament Buildings, stroll along the Rideau Canal, and peruse the wares of the ByWard Market. Tourists drop a lot of cash to visit Ottawa, so take advantage of the fact that all you’ll need to get around are your own two feet. Get to know your friendly neighbourhood federal government by touring the Parliament Buildings. Free guided walks of the buildings and grounds are offered in French and English, so don’t pass this opportunity up. Be sure to go to the top of the Peace Tower to enjoy the best view of the city. Some say Ottawa lacks culture, but prove those people wrong by taking in a play at the Ottawa Little Theatre or the National Arts Centre. Tour one of the city’s many art galleries, like the La Petite Mort gallery or the National Gallery of Canada, or take in an educational moment at the Canadian Museum of Nature or the Canadian War Museum. Ottawa has one of the highest concen-
trations of museums and art galleries of all Canadian cities, so you’ll be sure to fi nd something that tickles your fancy. Love shopping? Head to Sparks Street, the ByWard Market, Bank Street, or any of Ottawa’s malls. Your wallet won’t thank you, but your wardrobe will. End your day with a scare by going on a Haunted Walk tour. Costumed guides will lead you by lantern light through Ottawa’s most haunted places, including the Ottawa Jail Hostel. Kingston Kingston may not be the fi rst city that comes to mind when you think of an ideal day-trip destination, but hear us out. There’s more to the city than prisoners and the famous Queen’s University homecomings—we promise. If you use your student discount, a roundtrip Greyhound bus ticket will only set you back $40. If you’re feeling bad about ditching schoolwork for the day, assuage your guilt by reading a textbook during the two-hour trip. One of your fi rst stops upon arriving in Kingston should be a 1000 Islands boat cruise. Patrons can eat, drink, and listen to music while touring the small cottage islands of the St. Lawrence river. Not interested in lounging on a boat but still want to be on the water? Head to AHOY Rentals and go kayaking or canoeing. If you prefer your feet fi rmly on the ground, spend the afternoon strolling along the popular Princess Street and dine at one of the many restaurants in the city’s downtown core. If you’re alone, pull out your textbook—according to Statistics Canada, Kingston has the most PhD-holders per capita of any Canadian city, so looking engrossed in a book may help you entice an attractive and available intellectual. The city is perhaps best known for
photo by Mico Mazza
Kingston Penitentiary, which houses some of Canada’s most notorious criminals. Fans of crime novels and TV shows should check out the Correctional Service of Canada Museum, located across the street from the infamous prison. Montreal There’s no shortage of tourist attractions in the city of Montreal, so prepare yourself for a jam-packed day. Your roundtrip bus ticket will cost approximately $45 and will be worth every penny. Spend the morning exploring Old Montreal, the most historic and argu-
ably the most beautiful area of the city. Lovers of architecture and history will enjoy the Gothic-revival-styled Notre Dame Basilica and Montreal City Hall, while those looking to spend money will be pleased to discover that there are countless shops and cafés along the cobblestone streets. Later, head to the Montreal Biodome to get up close and personal with the animals and wildlife of the four different ecosystems found in North America. Montreal boasts dozens of museums, art galleries, and theatres, so to avoid becoming overwhelmed by your op-
tions, do some research before arriving in the city. Some particular places to keep in mind are the Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre, the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, and Gallery X. If you’ve budgeted your time wisely, you should be able to hit one of the famous bars or strip clubs on Ste-Catherine Street before catching the last bus home to Ottawa. You may not be able to o go go far and you may only have one nee day, d ayy, but day but bu ut if you’ve got $40 and a sense ssens en ens nsse of n nse of adventure, ad dve vent n ntu you can have a ggrea great this reeat ““vacation” rea vac ac at ac ation ati on” n tth is rreading e week..
Ready, set, culture shock How to recognize and deal with the traveller’s terror Leia Atkinson | Fulcrum Contributor
IF YOU EVER become overwhelmed, emotional, confused, or frightened while travelling, rest assured: Th is experience isn’t unique to you. Chances are, you’ve been culture shocked. In order to enjoy your trip, it’s important to know how to prepare yourself and how to push past these feelings. The best way to prevent yourself from becoming completely overwhelmed when you arrive in an unfamiliar environment is to study the culture you’ll be immersed
in before you leave. Consider investing in a book that includes maps, guides, rules of etiquette, customs, and the history of different travel destinations. Once you’ve arrived in a new country, you’ll want to do whatever it takes to assimilate yourself. The sooner you feel comfortable in your surroundings, the sooner any feelings of culture shock will dissipate. In order to avoid dirty looks from locals, you will have to familiarize yourself to the social norms of the land. Not sure if a certain action or gesture is socially acceptable? Ask someone who works in the hotel or hostel where you’re staying. Make use of your resources and pay close attention to the behaviour of the people around you. Travellers should also gain a basic understanding of the native language of the country they’re visiting. If you can say, “Hi,” even with a terrible accent, people will appreciate your effort and
out ut when wheen w will be more likely to help you out need be. If you can make fr friends r ien iend d s while ds wh whi hile hi le you’re in a different country, ou unt ntt ry, n y you’ll yyou’l u’lll h have avee less time to feel plagued a gue ueed u d by by culture ccult u lltt ure ult urree shock. u sh ho ock c . Be sure to take tak akke ssome ome o m me time tii me me to rationalration rat ion on nallyo o ’re re feeling. feeli feeli fe e ng. el g Iff you’re you’r yo ou u’r ’re becombeco eco ommize what yyou you’re ingg overw o ov overwhelmed, verwhel erw whel h me he med ed, d , sstop top op ffo op for or a momen m mo moment om men en nt to nt to loo look oo ok aro aaround round rou ou nd d and a n take ta t ke ke in the h beauty he be beaut au utt y of of hee un n ffam faaam ili iliar il arr landscape. llan a dsc ds ap apee. Remind Remi e nd em d youryyou u rr the unfamiliar selff yyour ou our urr tr trip iip p wil w wi willl eeventually ven ven ve e tua u llyy come ually ua cco ome m to to an n end and an nd that t hat hatt you ha yo ou should sho hou hou o ld d soak soa sso o k up up every e ve ve y ver off yyo our u r aadv dventure en ent ntt u ure re re. e. minutee o your adventure. Perhaps ps the t hee best bes esst way wayy to overcome ove veerco rcomee culture shock occk is is tto o allo aallow l low yyourself llo o sel our self l f time t ime n a few ffeew fami ffamiliar ami millia mi l ia r items liar item tem ms from f rrom om o m to indulge in home. Bring some om me p phot photos hot h ottos os off fri ffriends fr rriiend endss aand en nd family or a bookk written w rrit writ rii ten en in n yo yyour ourr native nat na ative ivee tak akke a few few hours hou ours to ours our to sit sit it tongue. It’s fi ne to take in your hotel and experience xperi xp eri erienc riiencce the t hee comcom com om-forts of home. ou u rse rs llff that t haat cultha th c ulul Above all, remind yourself ture shock is temporary. Do o what what at it it takes tak akes ak ess to push past it and have the time t iime im mee of m of your yyo ourr life on your trip.
“The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page.” —St. Augustine
illustrations by Michelle Ferguson and Chris Radojewski
8 Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011 Don’t waste your money The top 10 tackiest souvenirs you shouldn’t bother buying Brianna Campigotto | Fulcrum Contributor
YOU’RE IN THE midst of enjoying a fabulous vacation and you know you’ll want to remember it forever. Sure, you’ve taken 300 photos of yourself posing in front of various monuments and landscapes, but you need something more tangible to really remind yourself of your trip. You decide to hit up the souvenir shop—but stop right there! Put down the kitsch memento and ask yourself, “Do I really need this item?” Chances are you don’t, so back away slowly and save your money for something worthwhile. Mini spoons Tacky trinket-collecting travellers be-
ware. This strangely popular souvenir will either get lost in a drawer at home or will be added to the wall of collectables that people will pretend to admire yet secretly judge. Decorative plates You all know what I’m talking about— those useless plates decorated with a city’s map or monuments. Are you actually going to eat off these plates? If not, pass! Cooking apron depicting Michelangelo’s naked David statue Highly overrated and just a bad idea in general. No nudes near the stove, please. Leaning Tower of Pisa underpants These boxer shorts are unfunny, unflattering, and serve no purpose other than to make us think that something else has a hard time standing up straight. Hand-painted trinket box Really, what can you even fit into these impossibly small, useless wooden boxes?
Sombreros They’re a hassle to travel with and a hassle to store. It may seem like a good idea when you’re walking on the beach with your mojito in hand, but tell me: Where have you seen a sombrero tastefully displayed back home? “I heart (insert city name)” Tshirts People will look and judge. Mini figurines These cheap treasures do nothing but clutter a room. Magnets How many magnets does one really need? Although these tempting tacky trinkets seem like a cheap way to remember a vacation, they ruin any respectable magnetic surface. Key chains The ultimate guilty pleasure of all souvenirr collectors is the key chain. Nobody wants too cbe weighed down by 45 different useless pieces of metal and plastic, so just say no.
Photo by Kevin McCormick
Mom! Coffeemaker crashed. Need caffeine for cramming. $$$end help. INTERAC ‡ e-Transfer: Send & receive money. For anything, to anyone. NOW just $1*. Out of cash (or a coffee maker) on campus? Use an Interac‡ e-Transfer through RBC Royal Bank Online Banking® to transfer+ money person-to-person, online or using your mobile phone. At a new price of only $1* to send – and never a fee to receive an Interac‡ e-Transfer – it’s easy to focus on what’s keeping you up at night… midterms.
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thefulcrum.ca | Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
arts&culture | 21
Not your grandma’s craft market New vendor event debuts in Ottawa Cristina Apavalaoe | Fulcrum Contributor
THE COMPULSION TO buy something unique made by a skillful set of hands is not new, but the making and purchasing of craft s are becoming more popular in Ottawa. Instead of wasting time scouring Etsy looking for goods over the web, people now have the option to buy craft ed goods from a variety of artisans under one roof here in Ottawa. On the fi rst Saturday of every month, The Irving Greenberg Theatre, located in Centretown, is fi lled with local artisans and their wares. Already approaching its third month, Urban Craft is Ottawa’s fi rst monthly craft market. The show features fresh, modern fi nds from Ottawa’s businesses. Created by
Krista Leben and Robin Sidhu, the market has been fi lling a void for craft ers and non-craft ers alike. “The show is an opportunity for locals to shop local and handmade in a show setting throughout the year,” says Leben. “We’ll have everything from gourmet food to independent fashion to funky accessories.” The coordinators of the market were inspired by similar events popping up in other cities in Canada and the United States. Leben and Sidhu thought Urban Craft would fi ll those gaps in the year when weekend farmer’s markets ended and no holiday craft markets were on. “One of the reasons we decided to launch this market is because we heard from so many vendors that they wished they had a consistent, indoor show where they could sell their goods.” Urban Craft brings entrepreneurs from across Ottawa together under one roof to promote local businesses. While some artists will be found every month
at the market, there will be someone or something new each month. “For vendors, it provides that consistent, monthly, indoor venue for them to vend,” says Leben. “For the public, we’ve put together a group of really talented vendors—both established and up-and-coming.” Although the market is new to Ottawa, it had an attendance of over 1,000 people last month. Whether you’re looking for unique and interesting jewellery, a cup of locally roasted coffee, or some handmade goods, both popular and obscure items can be found at the market. The Urban Craft market crowd styles itself as hip, “indie” artisans with a lot to offer for the young urbanite. Th at said, it’s a lively and diverse scene that features and appeals to a wide variety of tastes and customers. “It’s incredible the range of people who come out—we’ve got everyone from Carleton [University] students to adorable grannies shopping for birth-
FOR THE LOVE OF CRAFTING
photo courtesy Anne-Marie Bouchard
Urban market fills a niche day gift s for their grandkids,” says Leben. “I’m always impressed with the way that craft shows bring people together. You get people from all walks of life, all
income levels, all parts of the city.” f Visit Urban Craft Nov. 5 at Th e Irving Greenberg Th eatre (1233 Wellington St. W. in Hintonburg) between 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.
Howdy, folks! So we’re taking a welldeserved break (if we do say so ourselves).
Be sure to drop by our next staff meeting on Nov. 3 @ 1 p.m., 631 King Edward Ave. for the latest scoop.
See ya’ll on the other (well-rested) side.
Sofia Hashi | Fulcrum Staff
THE SOULFUL MUSIC of Babette Hayward can be described as the perfect lullaby. Her soft , sweet voice, soothing melodies, and blooming arrangements are as calming as watching a sunset on a warm summer’s eve. The Maritime folk singer says her inspiration comes from her surroundings, namely the lush landscapes of New Brunswick where she grew up. Currently touring and promoting her debut album, You Might Be Somebody, Hayward is receiving attention and buzz in the music scene. The album features songs like the slow but entertaining “Break Line”, and the charming, more upbeat “Gravestone”, both of which deserve many hits on the replay button. Hayward, who is only 21 years old, is not only bringing folk music to a younger audience, but is redefi ning the genre. No auto-tune will be found on Hayward’s album. Rather, this artist relies on her sultry voice to shine through. Listen to the rich sounds of Hayward’s voice while studying or relaxing and let this rising artist dazzle you.
QUEBECOIS ARTIST DAVID Lafrance, as with most painters, draws his inspiration from many influences. Whether it’s his immediate surroundings or an issue he wishes to depict on canvas, this painter/sculptor uses mediums such as folk art, fashion, and modern paintings to aid his creative process. His most recent series is a vibrantly coloured take on landscapes. Lafrance portrays the beauty of natural, relatively untouched rural sceneries along with the destruction of landscapes in urban settings. Contemporary architecture, along with undefined structures, also make an appearance in his work. The paintings may take on an abstract nature, but the bare necessities are present for the viewer to understand the subject matter and form opinions on the works. Lafrance also creates his own music and plays the urban sounds of the city streets or the natural cry of birds in the background as audiences view his works. Known for playing with elements like perception and scale, Lafrance’s vast landscapes will evoke many emotions within their viewers.
Sounds like: A young Tracy Chapman.
Looks like: A conceptual approach to worldly landscapes.
Check her out: Check out Hayward’s work at Myspace.com/babettehayward.
Check it out: This Oct. 20 at Gallery 3, located at 1281B Wellington St. W.
Like you. At Athabasca University, we have over 800 online courses you can transfer to your degree at your home university. And with year-round admissions and monthly start dates, we’re ready when you are. Learn more at explore.athabascau.ca.
I have a theory that the truth is never told during the nine-to-five hours. —Hunter Thompson
22 | features
thefulcrum.ca | Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
thethryllabus Music Oct. 20: NoMeansNo, Ford Pier, and Greys play Mavericks (221 Rideau St.), 8 p.m. Oct. 21: Elliott BROOD and One Hundred Dollars play Mavericks (221 Rideau St.), 9 p.m. Oct. 21: People Explode and Kosmo Grad play Café Dekcuf (221 Rideau St.), 8 p.m. Oct. 22: Shout Out Out Out Out plays Mavericks (221 Rideau St.), 9 p.m. Oct. 25: Decapitated, Decrepit Birth, Flesgod Apocalypse, Rings of Saturn, and The Haarp Machine play The Rainbow (76 Murray St.), 7 p.m. Oct. 26: Kevin Devine, Amos The Transparent, and Black Dogs play Mavericks (221 Rideau St.), 8 p.m. Oct. 26: The Pretty Reckless plays Ritual (137 Besserer St.), 6:30 p.m. Oct. 28: Matthew Good and Daniel Wesley play the National Arts Centre (53 Elgin St.), 8 p.m. Oct. 28: Brainhunter, Rockalily Burlesque, and Thörax play Zaphod Beeblebrox (27 York St.), 8 p.m. Oct. 28: This Is A Standoff and Sparrows play Mavericks (221 Rideau St.), 9 p.m. Oct. 29: Ladymilk, Street Meat, and
Niles Thrompton play Avant Garde Bar (135 Besserer St.), 8 p.m. Oct. 30: The Halloween Hoedown featuring Greg Rekus, Green Cup, Huntly Slim, The Beer Barons, and Capital Tease Burlesque at The Rainbow (76 Murray St.), 8:30 p.m. Oct. 31: Halloween Hardcore featuring Constraints, Critical Convictions, Think Twice, Motivator, Asile, and Fractures at Mavericks (221 Rideau St.), 6 p.m. Oct. 31: Rockalily Burlesque Halloween Show and Eagleson at Babylon (317 Bank St.), 9 p.m. Nov. 2: Justin Hines plays the National Arts Centre (53 Elgin St.), 7:30 p.m. Visual art Oct. 21: Andrée Leduc’s Abstract displayed at La Petite Mort Gallery (306 Cumberland St.) Oct. 22: Charlene Walkers’ Vicarious Travels II displayed at La Petite Mort Gallery (306 Cumberland St.) Oct. 25–Nov. 6: Sanjeev Sivarulrasa’s The Still of Night displayed at the Cube Gallery (1285 Wellington St. W.) Oct. 28: Dietrech Roesteck’s New Paintings and Stuff displayed at La Petite Mort Gallery (306 Cumberland St.) Now–Oct. 30: Peter Shmelzer’s High Value in Hard Times displayed at La Petite Mort Gallery
Want your event listed on the thryllabus? Email email@example.com
(306 Cumberland St.)
Now–Nov. 6: Cal Lane’s Sweet Crude displayed at the Ottawa School of Art (35 George St.)
Oct. 28: Anonymous, In Time, The Rum Diary, Like Crazy, and The Double released to theatres
Now–Nov. 20: Decolonize Me displayed at the Ottawa Art Gallery (2 Daly Ave.)
Oct. 31: The Rocky Horror Picture Show plays at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 7 p.m. and 9:45 p.m.
Now–Nov. 25: Camille Brisebois and the National Capital Network of Sculptors showcase displayed at the Shenkman Arts Centre (245 Centrum Blvd.)
Now–March 18: The works of Louise Bourgeois displayed at the National Gallery of Canada (380 Sussex Dr.) Film Oct. 21: Paranormal Activity 3, The Three Musketeers, Martha Marcy May Marlene, and The Mighty Macs released to theatres Oct. 22: Chasing Madoff plays at the ByTowne Cinema (325 Rideau St.), 7 p.m. Oct. 23: Our Idiot Brother plays at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 2:30 p.m. Oct. 25: The Exorcist plays at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 7 p.m. Oct. 25: The Shining plays at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 9:20 p.m. Oct. 26: Loose Cannons plays at the ByTowne Cinema (325 Rideau St.),
Now–Oct. 22: Speed-the-Plow plays at the Gladstone Theatre (910 Gladstone Ave.) Oct. 18–Nov. 5: Dr. Cook’s Garden plays at the Ottawa Little Theatre (400 King Edward Ave.) Oct. 18–Nov. 5: Salt-Water Moon plays at the National Arts Centre (53 Elgin St.)
Matt Anthony Field (801 King Edward Ave.), 1 p.m. Oct. 22: Women’s volleyball: GeeGees play the University of Waterloo Warriors at Montpetit Hall (125 University Pvt.), 2 p.m. Oct. 28: Men’s basketball: Gee-Gees play the University of New Brunswick Varsity Reds at Montpetit Hall (125 University Pvt.), 8 p.m. Oct. 29: Women’s hockey: Gee-Gees play the Carleton University Ravens at the Sports Complex (801 King Edward Ave.), 7 p.m. Oct. 30: Men’s basketball: Gee-Gees play the McGill University Redmen at Montpetit Hall (125 University Pvt.), 1 p.m.
Oct. 25–Nov. 13: Whispering Pines plays at the Great Canadian Theatre Company (1233 Wellington St. W.)
Oct. 20: “Beyond Talking Points” panel discussion on upcoming climate negotiations at the Alumni Auditorium (85 University Pvt.), 7 p.m.
Oct. 21: Women’s volleyball: GeeGees play the University of Guelph Gryphons at Montpetit Hall (125 University Pvt.), 7 p.m. Oct. 21: Men’s hockey: Gee-Gees play the Carleton University Ravens at the Sports Complex (801 King Edward Ave.), 7:30 p.m. Oct. 22: Women’s soccer: Gee-Gees play the Ryerson University Rams at
Oct. 20: Decentralized Dance Party (24 Sussex Dr.), 8 p.m.
Oct. 25: Matt Davis performs a standup comedy routine at Absolute Comedy (412 Preston St.), 8:30 p.m. Oct. 31: The Pakistan Students Association hosts “Halloween Bash” (location to be announced), 7 p.m.
oct. 20–nov. 2
We’ll pick your news.
SPORTS Katherine DeClerq | firstname.lastname@example.org | (613) 562-5258
Rough start to the season Women’s hockey team loses to Concordia Stingers in home opener Kyle Nightingale | Fulcrum Contributor
THE UNIVERSITY OF Ottawa women’s hockey team kicked off their season, playing their home opener against the Concordia Stingers Oct. 15. Despite support from a small but energetic crowd and a strong fi rst period start, the Gees were unable to come out on top, losing a close game 4-2. “We had a great start into the game,” said head coach Yanick Evola in an email to the Fulcrum. “We were fi rst on the puck and we used our speed ... but we didn’t maintain that intensity for 60 minutes.” The team hit the ice with confidence, noticeably excited to be playing their fi rst game of the season in front of a home crowd. It took less than two minutes for the squad to put one behind the Stingers’ net, when third-year forward
Dominique Lefebvre scored the GeeGees’ fi rst goal of the Canadian Interuniversity Sport season. The Gee-Gees were able to carry the momentum they got from that fi rst goal throughout the rest of the period, fi nishing it with a one-goal lead. Penalty trouble for the Gee-Gees in the second period allowed the Stingers to apply some offensive pressure of their own. The Garnet and Grey were handed three penalties, but those remaining on the ice stood strong against the Stingers. Second-year goalie Tia Marley showed a solid effort during the period. The Stingers were able to swing the momentum in their favour and, with only six minutes left in the period, slipped one pasrMarley, tying the game at 1-1. “It is really important that we display consistency [with] every shift and every game. It is an aspect that we want to get better at as a group, and we need to fi nd solutions right now,” said Evola. The Stingers came out aggressive in the third period and caught the Gees off guard with an early goal by third-year forward Emilie Bocchia. Fast-paced action up and down the ice saw both teams produce chances in the offensive zones as the game continued. With encouragement from the home crowd, the Gees managed to battle back, bringing the game to 2-2 with a goal from second-year forward Asha Kauffeldt. That was about all the offence the squad could muster. Concordia silenced the home crowd when, with only seven minutes left , they scored on a Gees giveaway in the defensive zone. The Stingers
added one more goal in the last minute of the game, sealing the deal to their advantage. “We played good for the fi rst five minutes,” said Gees fi ft h-year forward and team captain Érika Pouliot, “But the rest of the game we didn’t play our [best]. We let them play, and we played their game.” The next day, the Gees came out strong when they faced off against the top-ranked McGill Martlets, but despite a valiant effort, lost 3-0 by the fi nal buzzer. Evola said that regardless of the loss, the team played well. knowing that McGill is a tough team to beat and that they only let in three of 45 shots taken on the net, he believes the team will go far. “McGill is the best team in the country, and we were able to play with them, and keep a close score for the entire game,” he added. “We [just] need to fi nd a way to get back on a winning streak as soon as possible.” f The Gees (0-2) will play their cross-town rivals at Carleton University (1-0) on Oct. 21 at 7 p.m.
Home opening U of O men’s hockey team loses back-toback games to Lakehead Victor Yan | Fulcrum Contributor
A STRONG FAN turnout at the Sports Complex greeted the University of Ottawa men’s hockey team as the squad played their fi rst game at home Oct. 14. The scheduled back-to-back games against the Lakehead Thunderwolves (22) saw the Gees give the match a valiant effort, but they fell short 4-2 to the visiting Thunderwolves on Oct. 14 and then again 3-1 on Oct. 15.
“We played well enough to win,” said Gees head coach Réal Paiement after the home opener. “The goalie played well, but defensively … we were caught off guard all the time.” The game began with back and forth plays by both teams—the Gees slowly building momentum as they got a feel for the ice. Lakehead forward Matt Caria opened the scoring with 30 seconds left in the fi rst period by slapping a drop pass from the left circle, beating Gees fi rst-year goaltender Russel Abbott on the glove side. The U of O returned refreshed for the second period, and were rewarded with a goal by fi rst-year forward Alexandre Touchette, who originally missed the shot but managed to complete the strike on the rebound from the backboards. “We had some good scoring chances by working low,” said Paiement. “The fi rst 10 minutes of the second period we were really strong, but their goalie played well.” The Gee-Gees’ energy dissipated after an interference penalty by second-
year defender David Foucher with nine minutes left in the period. An attempted shot by second-year defender Dominic Jalbert was blocked by a Lakehead forward, leading to another goal for the Thunderwolves, bringing the tally to 2-1. A defensive turnover early in the third period gave Lakehead a 3-1 lead. Despite the Thunderwolves’ tight offence, the Garnet and Grey managed to get a backhanded shot in net by secondyear forward Matt White. Although the team was able to make an offensive comeback, their defence wasn’t strong enough to block the Thunderwolves score off a breakaway, making the fi nal score of 4-2. “The thing I’m taking from this experience is we have to be better defensively. We have to be tough to play against, which we weren’t today, and [Lakehead] took advantage of it,” said Paiement. Paiement explained Lakehead was able to clog up the scoring lanes and that they didn’t give the Gees the opportunity to take their shots. Th is is some-
The thing I’m taking from this experience is we have to be better defensively. We have to be tough to play against, which we weren’t today, and [Lakehead] took advantage of it. —Réal Paiement, Head coach of the men’s hockey team
thing he hopes the team can observe and replicate. “I think we should learn from them,” he said. “Do it on our side and clog up the middle so that [the] fi rst line of theirs—that scored the four goals— won’t go on the scoreboard.” The Gee-Gees were given an opportunity to do just that on Oct. 15. They returned with vengeance in their second game against the Thunderwolves, but were only able to get one goal in the net by Jalbert, losing the game 3-1. Paiement was unhappy with both games, saying the Gees need to step it up and work defensively as well as offensively. “It was an ugly game,” he said. “Our offence came from scrums around the net. [Lakehead] did a good job of closing the play, of taking space away. So that makes for a choppy game—not too much flow to the game because of the way they played defensively.” f The Gees (2-3) will host Carleton Ravens (2-2) on Oct. 21 at 7:30 p.m. at the Sports Complex.
thefulcrum.ca | Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
sports | 25
Falvo for the win Gees kicker
nails field goal to secure victory Keeton Wilcock | Fulcrum Staff
BREAKING THE BARRIER
photo by Alex Smyth
IT WAS A windy afternoon when the Gee-Gees men’s football team (5-2) took to the field at Frank Clair Stadium to face off against the visiting University of Windsor Lancers (4-3) on Oct. 15. In front of a small but boisterous crowd the home team prevailed 32-30 in a hardfought game against the steadily improving Lancers. It was the Lancers fi rst out of the gate, as they managed to jump on a mishandled snap in the Gees’ end zone in the third play of the game. The successful convert put the visitors up 7-0 after only a minute of play. Once the initial embarrassment passed, things settled down for the Gees as the team reacted to a second Lancer
touchdown and field goal with a pair of of their own. Th ird-year running back Brandon Gillanders scored both of the Gees’ touchdowns in the fi rst half, and fourth-year kicker Matthew Falvo was good on both of his field goal attempts. The Garnet and Grey entered the second half with a slight lead, up 20-17. “We couldn’t have gotten off to a worse start there,” said Falvo. “We fumbled in our own end zone and gave up a touchdown, but we showed a lot of resilience in coming back.” The second half saw the lead switch four times as the evenly matched offences scored. With the Lancers up 30-29, fourth-year quarterback Aaron Colbon led a 66-yard drive that landed the Gees on the opposition’s 10-yard line with seconds to play. With the game hanging in the balance, Falvo laced an 11-yard field goal through the uprights to win the game 32-30. Not only did Falvo’s kick clinch the game for the Garnet and Grey, but the field goal was the 54th of his career, which ties him with former Gees kicker Ara Tchobanian for the school’s record. “Tchobanian is actually one of my
best friends, and he was kind of like a mentor to me when he was here,” explained Falvo after the game. “I know he had a really, really great career, so it’s pretty cool that he’s standing right there with me.” Although there were areas of the GeeGees’ game that needed improvement— such as their turnovers and inability to capitalize in the red zone—Ottawa’s successful offence gained 526 yards in the game and was 3-3 on third downs. Gees head coach Jean-Philippe Asselin noted it was important for his team to have pulled out a win in a close game, as most of their matchups this season have resulted in one-sided blowouts. “I think that’s very key,” said Asselin after the victory. “Going down the line, we’re going to play tough teams. I think for young players to experience what we experienced in the fourth quarter is key.” “You try to recreate those things in practice, but you can’t; you have to live f it and that’s what we did today.” The Gees travel to Hamilton to play the McMaster Marauders (6-1) on Oct. 22 in their final regular season game.
Yes, I may be a sports editor and a sports writer, but that doesn’t mean I am an expert in all things health-related. While I recognize the importance of including nutrition-related content, I realized shortly after taking this job that I do not have the credentials to write about it. Thank goodness for knowledgeable volunteer writers. Th is week, after editing the Foolproof Fitness column and reading the information provided by Stuart Thomas, a graduate student from the human kinetics program, I suddenly realized why I wasn’t focusing more of my section on nutrition and healthy eating. It was because I, like so many others on campus, have justified my eating habits on what I call a “student level.” The other night was the perfect example. I was heading to the library to do some studying and I thought, “I need some snacks to keep me awake.” Did I head home and cut up some carrots and some cheese slices? No, of course I didn’t. I headed to the Pivik and purchased a bag of peanut M&Ms and a Coke. I thought, “Perfect! Peanuts have protein, and I get my dairy in the chocolate! And the Coke is diet, so it’s not so bad.” When I arrived at the library, I met
up with a friend. She pulled out an apple and trail mix. I guiltily looked down at my snacks and told myself, “I had a decent lunch with hummus and carrots, so its fi ne.” The problem is that this happens on a regular basis. The student life gives us a million and one excuses for not eating healthy. We justify our poor choices with papers, midterms, and fi nals. We think that because we are stressed it shouldn’t matter. We eat our comfort food—whether that is an entire box of Kraft Dinner, one of those large, delicious (yet I’m sure 90 per cent oil) cookies from the cafeteria—or a bag of peanut M&Ms and a Coke. The thing is: Health experts are right. Eating vegetables and cheese as a snack actually helps you stay more alert and energetic. Th is stuff is common knowledge, and it shouldn’t have to be read in a sports section for students to know that eating healthier will relieve some of their everyday stress. So why do we continuously justify eating cake on a Wednesday night because we need a break from that library atmosphere? I can’t answer that—I’m just as bad as the rest.
Gees push through the Lancers’ offensive for the win
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from the sidelines
Katherine DeClerq Sports Editor
Healthy eating equals a healthy mind—so why don’t we do it? SO FAR IN my column this semester, I’ve written about the competence of our sports teams, jock stereotypes, and sport policy. What I haven’t taken the time to comment on is the topic of nutrition—a subject that, despite its importance to athletes, is rarely touched upon in a section complete with varsity games, competitive clubs, and fitness advice.
Congratulations Suzanne Chaulk on your 20th season coaching the women’s rugby team at the U of O. business.humber.ca
email@example.com (613) 562-5931
26 | sports
thefulcrum.ca | Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
Going all out Women’s soccer team crush Excalibur 10-0 Katherine DeClerq | Fulcrum Staff
THE WEATHER MAY not have been perfect, but that didn’t stop the Garnet and Grey from crushing the Trent Excalibur 10-0 in their third last game of the regular season. Although Trent (1-2-12) played a solid game, they were no match for the University of Ottawa women’s soccer team at Matt Anthony Field on Oct. 16. “I think we played very well the first half,” said U of O head coach Steve Johnson. “The team moved well and finished well. They were placing shots rather than going for power and we made the most of our opportunities in the first 45 minutes.” The first half saw the Gees disciplined and controlled, moving across the field swiftly with first-year midfielder Julia Francki kicking the ball
into the net within the first minute of play. A few minutes later, second-year striker Elisabeth Wong broke away from the team to score on a running play from midfield. Wong and Francki each brought in another goal in the first 20 minutes of the game, bringing the score to 4-0. “I felt the first half we came out really strong,” said Wong after the game. “We knew we wanted to win this, but we didn’t want to underestimate the [other] team. So it was good that we scored three goals fast and kept it going.” Whether the ball was in Excalibur territory or their own, the Garnet and Grey dominated most of the play. They scored four more goals to end the first half, bringing the tally to 8-0. The Gees goalkeeper, first-year Cynthia Leblanc, finally got some action in the second half of the game as the Excaliburs returned to the field refreshed and ready to play. Regardless of Trent’s newfound effort, the Gees refused to back down. Two more goals were scored on Trent, one by fourth-year midfielder Tara Condos and the other by secondyear defender Maris Bernabe. Despite the victory, Johnson explained the team still has to work on keeping consistent momentum throughout the game. “We have been balanced in our ap-
proach this year,” he said. “We worked on our defence first at the beginning of the season and then started to concentrate on our offensive output. Right now we are in a situation where we are pleased with both elements of our play, but we need to be good for 90 minutes.” He also spoke of Wong’s contribution to the team, who is currently tied as top scorer in the Ontario University Athletics (OUA) league. “[Wong] has been terrific for us all season. We have blown out a few teams where she’s really only played the first half … so she’s done very well with the time she has been given this year.” The women’s soccer team is now sitting in second place in the OUA, ranked 10th nationally. Their last two regular season games will be played at the U of O and will determine whether or not they have home-field advantage during the playoffs. “We need to win both in order to ensure a home playoff spot,” added Johnson. “The game against Toronto is going to be ex tremely important … but we also can’t look past Ryerson because we drew with them away our first weekend of the season.” f The Gees (10-1-3) will host the Toronto Varsity Blues (9-3-1) on Oct. 22 and the Ryerson Rams (6-1-7) on Oct. 23 at Matt Anthony Field.
Gees attempt a shot, only to be confronted by Trent’s goalkeeper
Eating your way to healthy living
What kind of post-workout snack do you suggest? Thomas recommends grabbing a snack within an hour of working out. The ideal snack has a mix of both carbs and protein, such as an apple with peanut but-
What are your recommendations for people who want to lose weight? Avoid quick fi xes like diet pills, warns Thomas. Advertisements for diet pills recommend taking one pill a day, exercising, and eating well, but as Thomas says, “If you take the pill out of that equation, you have a recipe for success already.” If you’re trying to lose weight, create goals for yourself based on performance, not pounds. You may set yourself up for failure if your goal is to lose X number of pounds in X number of weeks. Instead, aim to hit the gym X number of times and run a total of X minutes on the treadmill each time. That is a far better recipe for success than diet pill manufacturers could ever cook up. f
@ McMaster (Oct. 22, 1 p.m.)
Basketball (M) Gees
@ Laval (Oct. 21, 8 p.m.)
Rugby (W) Gees Next:
Rouge et Or
@ Laval (Oct. 22, 1 p.m.)
*RSEQ semifinals *
Swimming Tri Meet @ Montpetit Men’s
When shopping for protein powder, what should I look for? It’s easy to become overwhelmed by an aisle full of giant buckets of protein labelled with 16-syllable ingredient names. Thomas recommends you keep
IN THE SECOND instalment of this two-part series, Stuart Thomas, a graduate of the University of Ottawa’s human kinetics program, is answering my top questions about nutrition. Good news: My hypothesis that chocolate milk is both nutritious AND delicious has been confi rmed.
ter. Chocolate milk, my personal favourite, gets the thumbs up from Thomas because “it has the proteins needed for muscle growth, while also providing the required carbs to get your blood sugar back up.”
Is carbo-loading really necessary before an intense workout? “No, it certainly isn’t necessary,” Thomas says. Unless you’re a long-distance athlete using carbo-loading as a way to increase glycogen stores, and thus energy, skip the giant plates of pasta and bread.
two things in mind when comparing protein powders: The variety of types of proteins contained in the powder and the nutrition facts. “If you think of your digestive tract like a multi-lane highway, each lane can only accept certain types of cars— proteins, or more specifically, amino acids,” he explains. “If all you’re eating is sedans (eg. Leucine), there will be a traffic jam in one lane and no traffic in the rest.” Thomas warns some powders have elevated levels of cholesterol and saturated and trans fats. Whatever brand you choose, remember “supplements are designed to supplement a diet, not replace it. So don’t get in the habit of skipping meals.”
Sarah Horlick | Fulcrum Contributor
photo by Kevin McCormick
PLAYING HARD TO GET
129 105.50 163 132
Carabins 85.50 Redmen 57
thefulcrum.ca | Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
sports | 27
Stroke of luck Two U of O swimmers qualify for CIS championship Katherine DeClerq | Fulcrum Staff
THE UNIVERSITY OF Ottawa swimming team kicked off their 2011–12 season on Oct. 14. The Gees hosted a Tri Meet at Montpetit Hall pool, where they out-swam both the University of Montreal Carabins and the McGill Martlets and Redmen. Over the course of the meet, the Gees saw two of their own qualify for the Canadian Interuniversity Sports (CIS) championship. Sherry Patel, an Oakville native and second-year biomedical student at the U of O, was the fi rst of the Garnet and Grey to capture a CIS qualifying time of 28.87 in the 50M butterfly. Patel explained swimming a qualifying time in the fi rst meet of the season will encourage her to continue to train hard and
participate in more championship races in the future. “It means a lot that I have already set the time to qualify for this meet. We were training hard up [until the] day of the meet,” wrote Patel in an email to the Fulcrum. “Setting the time now means that by the end of the season, I have the potential to be so much faster. I know I
As I left Oakville, my coach … reminded me that I still have a lot to learn. —Sherry Patel, Second-year Gees swimmer
can make the CIS time standards in the 100M butterfly, 100M breaststroke, and 50M breaststroke as well.” Patel said coming to the University of Ottawa has helped her gain more experience as an athlete and that she has learned a lot under new head coach
Claude-Yves Bertrand. “Back in Oakville, I [would train] six water workouts a week and two dry land sessions. It’s been a big adjustment coming to [the U of O] and training with the Gee-Gees, [doing] nine water workouts and three dry land sessions. I can honestly say I’ve never done sets like I am now,” she said. “As I left Oakville, my coach … reminded me that I still have a lot to learn. I’m looking forward to working with [Bertrand], learning new techniques, and dropping a lot of time in each of my events.” Patel wasn’t the only Gee-Gee to make it to the championships. Th irdyear swimmer Adam Best captured a CIS qualifying time in the 50M backstroke at a separate meet Oct. 15 at the GO Start Pentathlon. Combining the outcome of all the races, the U of O clearly had the upper hand. The Gee-Gees’ men’s swimming team out-swam Montreal 129-57 and McGill 105.50-85.50, while the women’s swimming team did the same with a final tally of 163-31 against the Carabins f and 132-63 against the Martlets. The swimming team will host their next Quad meet on Nov. 4 at 6 p.m. at Montpetit Hall pool.
READY, GET SET, GO
photo by Mico Mazza
Gees line up to start the race on their Oct. 14 Tri Meet
Research on the rink U of O group partners with youth hockey organization Keeton Wilcock | Fulcrum Staff
THE UNIVERSITY OF Ottawa’s Indigenous Health Group has been invited to participate in a program that uses hockey to encourage youth in northern Quebec to stay in school and learn important life skills. The group, which is part of the Department of Human Kinetics at the Faculty of Health Sciences at the U of O, will be partnering with the Nunavik Youth Hockey Development Program (NYHDP) and the Makivik Corporation on the project. The NYHDP currently provides free, high-quality coaching to the young program participants in exchange for the youths’ commitment to school and community involvement. The program is managed in collaboration with Joé Juneau, a former NHL player and Olympian. “How it works is that [Juneau] has selected four or five kids from each community in Nunavik, [northern Quebec]” said Hassan Saeed, a U of O master’s student in human kinetics involved in the project. “[The kids] come in to the camp, they are given school work to complete
throughout the day and they are also skating twice a day and playing games by the end of the week.” Juneau has played an influential role in NYHDP throughout its six years of existence, helping the program grow by adding additional girls’ teams. Following Juneau’s example, the U of O’s Indigenous Health Group hopes it can add an important dimension to help the NYHDP continue to develop. “Our program has been working in indigenous communities for a decade, aiming to improve health disparities— in particular, focusing on the reduction of obesity and obesity-related diseases,” said Michael Robidoux, associate professor working on the project. “By forming this partnership, we are joining a program that has already achieved significant measures of success, and we intend to build on this by providing components that increase physical activity access and improved nutrition.” While the project has many long-term goals, Robidoux explained, from the perspective of the Indigenous Health Group’s involvement with the program, there are three things they are hoping to witness. “We would like to see … positive evaluation measures in terms of reduced obesity, improved academic performance, and positive youth development feedback as a result of participation in the NYHDP,” said Robidoux. Professors Alexandra Arellano, Tanya Forneris, and François Haman from the Department of Human Kinetics will be joining Robidoux and Saeed in the project, offering their expertise in the fields of physiology, ethnology, sociology, and
Every week is reading week for the Fulcrum.
photo by Dave Weatherall
LENDING A HELPING HAND Ottawa’s Indigenous Health Group shows off their hockey pride nutrition sciences. Additionally, master’s students Corliss Bean and Cédric Lafrance will be assisting in the research by travelling to the communities to complete fitness testing of the youth, and of course, to coach hockey. “From a program standpoint, I was surprised at how amazing the kids are,”
noted Saeed. “They are so focused and so disciplined and committed to hockey, but at the same time the academics. They work hard in the classroom and hard on the ice, which is a credit to them, to [Juneau], and [to] the program.” Saeed explained it’s fun to see the youth enjoying hockey, but the impor-
tance of the program outside the rink shouldn’t be underestimated. “At the end of the day, it is also teaching the kids how to be leaders and how to take things the right way, even if it is not the news you want to hear,” said Saeed. “There is more than just the sports side f of things.”
FEATURES Kristyn Filip | firstname.lastname@example.org | (613) 562-5258
Dear Di, My friend and I write a role-play story together and things can get pretty hot between my character and hers. The more our characters have sex, the more I want to get it on with her. We live in different cities and she’s told me she doesn’t do long distance, so I know a relationship isn’t in the cards, but I can’t stop thinking about her. Is there any way I can focus more on someone in the here-and-now and get out of this fantasy? —Want to Play For Real
Dear WPFR, I have a sneaking suspicion you know exactly what to do to get over this girl, but if you need me to spell it out for you, I will: Stop writing sexy stories with her. If you want to move on to more local ladies and your desire for your longdistance darling stems from the steamy scenes you pen together, you have no other option but to call it quits. I suggest you tell your crush the true reason why you’re cutting creative ties with her. Assure her that you’re stopping not because she’s a rotten role-play writer, but because you’ve enjoyed your collaborations a little too much. Your amour will appreciate your honesty and may even surprise you by admitting a little mutual attraction. If she doesn’t share your feelings, I encourage you to search for Ottawa-area storytellers. I’m certain you’ll find a more conveniently-located lady who would love to get a little literary with you. Love, Di
Dear Di, I am newly married and I really enjoy hand jobs and blow jobs; however, my wife never performs them. The few times she’s ever gone down on me or used her hands have ended very quickly. I asked her to try again but she refuses. —Like It, Can’t Have It
Dear LICHI, Boy, oh, boy. You do have quite the problem on your hands, don’t you? There could be several different issues at play in preventing your wife from getting her paws on your privates. Perhaps her reluctance to reach for your rod stems from her own feelings of insecurity in the bedroom. She may be uncomfortable with her sexuality or is scared that she sucks at, well, sucking. If this is the case, you’ll have to convince your cutie that her moves are mindblowing. Tell her—and show her—how horny she makes you. Your enthusiasm may encourage your wife to engage more with your engorged penis. There’s also the possibility that the
blame lies with you. Have you ever offered to orally or manually return the favour? Maybe your sweetheart is sick and tired of slurping and stroking your sausage without receiving a little clitoral care in exchange. It’s my unlucky duty to inform you that there’s also a chance your spouse just genuinely dislikes giving head and hand. If so, the two of you will have to work to fi nd different ways to spice things up in the sack. Regardless of the reason why your lady refuses to get up close and personal with your penis, the pair of you need to do some serious talking. If you can’t fi nd a happy medium together, consider hashing it out with a third party by making an appointment with a sex therapist. Love, Di Questions for Di? Email email@example.com or find her on Twitter (@Dear_di) or Facebook (Di Daniels)
Sexy Sidenote: According to a 2010 Indiana University study, 85 per cent of men claim their female partners achieved orgasm during their last sexual encounter, while only 64 per cent of women report having hit the big “O.” Ladies, stop faking it! Men, find the clitoris!
“Indecision” | XKCD
answers on p. 11 (CUP) — Puzzles provided by BestCrosswords.com. Used with permission.
“Mission to Culture” | XKCD
Across 1- Ancient Palestinian; 7- Embrace; 10- Cereal grain; 14- Fit with clothes; 15- Clean air org.; 16- Actress Garr; 17- Evaluate; 18- East Lansing sch.; 19- _ Rhythm; 20- Given to vituperation; 23Word with panel or energy; 26- After taxes; 27- Ascends; 28- I smell _!; 29- Prince Valiant’s son; 30- IV units; 31- Skill; 33- Bingo!; 34- Gasteyer of “Saturday Night Live”; 37- Shoebox letters; 38- Mom-andpop org.; 39- June honoree; 40- Bit; 41- “Treasure Island” monogram; 42- Black gold; 43- Aromatic herb; 45- Fall from grace; 46- PC monitor; 47- Bedouin; 48- Month of showers; 51- Not for a Scot; 52- Licorice-like flavoring; 53- Standing alone; 56- Needless bustle; 57- Help; 58- Recompense for hardship; 62- Monogram ltr.; 63- Hindu honorific; 64- Sort of; 65- Lawless character; 66- Blue; 67Fashions Down 1- 7th letter of the Greek alphabet; 2- Airline to Oslo; 3- Bro’s counterpart; 4- Lift up; 5- Polite refusal; 6- Formerly, formerly; 7- Made of cannabis; 8- Overturn; 9- Massive wild ox; 10- Inflammation of the ear; 11- Protection; 12- Valuable collection; 13- Locations; 21- Fantastic; 22- Area with coinoperated games; 23- More secure; 24- Bay window; 25- Back streets; 29- Sean of “The Lord of the Rings”; 30- Graph; 32- Mars; 33- Worshiped; 34- Pong maker; 35- Grannies; 36- Maker of Photoshop; 44- Gangplank; 45- Midday nap; 46- Frank; 48- Attach; 49- Dried plum; 50- Gum; 51- Currency unit in Nigeria; 52- Concerning; 54- Soviet news service; 55- Coloured part of the eye; 59- Hole maker; 60Actress Charlotte; 61- Bad start
It happened this week in history
1996 THE FULCRUM We report that the dean of the social sciences faculty at the U of O, Henry Edwards, has resigned after being arrested for the attempted murder of his mother.
1935 OTTAWA William Lyon Mackenzie King is sworn in as prime minister.
1990 CANADA Canadian Wayne Gretzky of the Los Angeles Kings scores his 2,000th NHL career point in a game against the Winnipeg Jets.
1929 THE WORLD The New York Stock Exchange suffers its most devastating crash in what comes to be known as “Black Thursday.”
OPINIONS Jaclyn Lytle | firstname.lastname@example.org | (613) 562-5258
Asking for it? Clothes can’t constitute consent Natalie Tremblay | Fulcrum Staff
A RECENT TREND in criminal justice may be of interest to our female readers—or anyone amused by the ridiculous decisions made by some of our fellow human beings. Apparently, in some countries, if a woman is wearing skinny jeans at the time of a sexual assault, then her rapist is absolved of any of criminal guilt. Courts have ruled that skinny jeans are too difficult for an attacker to remove from a victim without her assistance and, it is thus assumed, the alleged victims must be aiding their attackers in removing their own clothes. While I have heard from a few male friends that jeans don’t permit as easy access for sexual activity as, let’s say, a skirt or dress, the idea that wearing a certain article of clothing implies consent is both absurd and unfounded. The increasingly popular skinnyjeans defence has been used in South Korea and Australia. The argument that
a woman’s wearing skinny jeans means she cannot be raped was also considered in a similar case in Italy in 2008, but, the Italian courts ruled that “jeans cannot be compared to any type of chastity belt.” At least the Italian courts have enough sense to realize it is possible to forcibly remove even the tightest pair of skinny jeans and an important legal judgment should not be made upon a completely asinine assumption. No member of the jury or legal counsel was present at the scene of the crime, so to assume an article of clothing was removed by the victim during a sexual assault is completely ridiculous—but I’m not a lawyer. The repeated use of this defence adds to the all-too-popular inclination to chalk up sexual assault to women’s fashion choices. The many Slutwalks of this past spring in response to comments of this nature made by a Toronto police officer should have illuminated the fact that women and men will not allow the blame for these experiences to be placed on women and their clothing choices. The message evidently did not resonate with everyone, as some justice professionals still think wearing revealing clothing means a woman is DTF. In response to an increase in the incidence of rape in South Brooklyn, N.Y. during the month of September, a mem-
ce ber of the New York Police Department suggested female New Yorkers should uld stop wearing skirts to reduce duce their risk of being assaulted. ulted. Th is has resulted in an uproar, proar, as there is no proof that women wearing pants are less likely to be raped than their gam-bearing am-bearing counterparts. Th is dismissive attitude ude toward rape suggests cops are just trying or dealing to avoid responsibility for with increased sexual assault sault rates. While it may have just been een a welln the part intentioned suggestion on of an officer, women changing nging their clothing does not equal al problem solved. Women should not bee surprised if showing some skin brings rings them rom men. some extra attention from For some women, this may be their exact intention in wearing hat their clothing that shows what ll, by no mommas gave them. Still, means does a woman showing some cleavage mean she wants to have sex with whomever she may ave curvy encounter. We women have bits and it’s our right to dress them however we please. Dressing provocatively does not automatically mean a desire for promiscuity.
illustration by Jean-Gabriel Baisi
For many women, the way they dress makes them feel powerful and beautiful: The exact qualities sexual assault can take away. It is our job as a society to en-
sure women are safe regardless of what they wear, and that when it comes to sex, yes means yes and no means no—no matter how tight your jeans are. f
Creepers of the underground Sites push subway voyeurism to an all-time low Andrew Ikeman | Fulcrum Staff
GENTLEMEN, I WOULD like you to picture something for me. Imagine you are sitting on the subway, having a coffee and playing Angry Birds when, unbeknownst to you, a mysterious figure snaps your picture and sends it to a website where your looks are judged and rated by a group of anonymous people. Sounds a bit creepy, right? Well, tell that to the many subwayriding women of New York, N.Y. and London, England, who, thanks to Subwaycrush.net and Tubecrush.net, are diving right into this new brand of voyeurism. Both these websites work in the same way. Pictures of “crush-worthy” guys are sent in and rated on a “thumbs up/thumbs down” system. The premise is pretty simple: See a cute guy, sneakily take a picture of him, then send it to the site on your smart phone. Visitors to the site are able to add contributions to the comment section as well, weighing in on the men’s appearances and the ratings they’ve earned. What I find interesting about this new online phenomenon is the amazing double standard at play. When Mark Zuckerberg launched Facemash—the precursor to Facebook that allowed men to rate Har-
vard University women based on a who-ishotter voting system—people complained in droves about the inappropriateness of rating woman based on appearance, especially without their knowledge. Harvard students quickly had it removed. Subwaycrush.net and Tubecrush.net don’t feature pictures of girls. They only show pictures of guys: Cute ones, hunky ones, sexy ones, and quite often sleeping ones. Given the lack of complaints about these two male-focused sites compared to the speed with which Facemash was taken offline, I have to wonder whether people are OK with these sites simply because they show men rather than women. Shocking double standards aside, the most disturbing aspect of Subwaycrush. net and Tubecrush.net is that these websites are asking people to take pictures of guys without them knowing. They want to see men who have no clue they are being photographed. This means pictures of men not looking at the camera, or even more often, they are asleep or playing on their cellphones. The women who comment on the pictures are relentless. They are tough on guys who aren’t that bad looking, and their comments are just plain rude. Men are made fun of for their looks, fashion sense, and even the size of their heads in comparison to their bodies. What if these women caught the men on a bad day? What if the man’s grandma just died or their girlfriend just broke up with them? I wouldn’t put
illustration by Julia Pankova
I SEE WHAT YOU DID THERE And, honestly, I find it invasive! much effort into my appearance in either situation. Imagine this website was judging women. There would be public fury. “How could those perverts photograph those poor, helpless, defenceless women without their consent?” What about the poor, helpless, defenceless men? No one speaks up when it’s the men being ogled and gawked
at. Some people may actually enjoy these sites. You get to see cute guys without them seeing you, but this amounts to voyeurism—and our society loves it. Be it the latest celebrity gossip or TV shows that feature the real housewives of any given city, we’ve been taught it’s OK to invade other people’s privacy. In today’s world of
high-tech voyeurism, our actions say that it’s fine to spy on people when they are at their most vulnerable. Whether society sanctions it or not, covertly taking photos of anyone, male or female, and hanging them up for the public to judge is disgusting and disturbingly creepy. Women don’t deserve to be treated like pieces of meat, and neither do men. f
30 | opinions opinio ons
thefulcrum.ca | Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011
You’re going to pay for that, fattie! Jaclyn Lytle | Fulcrum Staff
It’s really more of a brownish dwarf than a star A CANADIAN ASTRONOMICAL survey has led to the discovery of several extraterrestrial bodies called failed stars. These less-than-successful masses of matter have been hanging out in space for eons, unable to grow enough in size to shine like our sun or other visible stars. The study has uncovered new evidence as to how these failed stars form and why they are able to grow to the size of a planet without igniting. Is the discovery of these two dozen not-quite stars one of the most masterful accomplishments of modern space science, or is this study just a massive drain on our country’s limited financial resources? iPhone 4Million APPLE IS IN for a weekend of record sales, according to financial analysts eyeing the popularity of the tech giant’s latest release. The vast majority of interested parties say Apple can expect upward of two million sales of the iPhone 4S on opening weekend. The recent death of former Apple CEO Steve Jobs is expected to boost the 4S to a new record for the company. Would hitting a sales record attest to the technological triumph of Apple’s latest invention, or is this just a bad case of bandwagon syndrome exacerbated by the untimely death of the long-time face of Apple? Ottawa HIV outbreak? CITY OF OTTAWA chief medical officer Isra Levy has sanctioned the delivery of 6,800 letters to area residents warning them to get tested for both HIV and hepatitis. According to Levy, a “lapse” in procedure under an Ottawa-based physician could have led to the infection of patients treated over a 10-year period. While anyone who receives a letter should make their way to a testing facility pronto, city officials are assuring the public the likelihood that anyone has been infected is extremely small. Is this action on the part of Levy and the city a successful means of handling the large-scale risk of infection, or is this a frightening example of the failure of our local medical system? Canada can stop complaining, says Flaherty CANADA’S FINANCE MINISTER Jim Flaherty thinks Occupy Ottawa participants can pack up and head home. He argues Canadians have little to stand up for in terms of economic issues. Vehemently defending the country’s impressive ability to weather the financial storm still plaguing U.S. citizens, Flaherty explained here in America’s hat we are enjoying a stable and responsible banking system, commenting about the senselessness of the Occupy movement’s manifestation in Canadian cities. Is Flaherty right: Is Occupy Ottawa symptomatic of a society that can’t see how good things really are, or is the finance minister merely defending his own approach to an ongoing crisis? Care to comment? Tell us what your opinion is at thefulcrum.ca/category/opinions/
Does Denmark have it right with new fat tax? IN THE FIRST week of October, Denmark became the first country in the world to introduce a tax on fat. In an effort to combat incidences of obesity and heart disease, the Nordic nation will now be charging the equivalent of $2.90 Canadian per kilogram of saturated fat. While foreign nations seem largely in favour of introducing fat taxes of their own, many of Denmark’s citizens are frustrated by the increase in food tax. In light of the ongoing debate on the new tax, two Fulcrum writers weigh in on the idea of charging people for their poor dietary choices.
COMMANDO CHIP CONNOISSEUR Fat tax leads to underground junk food market
photo by Natasha Oickle
All for the fat tax
Poor can’t afford more food tax
There’s no denying it: The West, as a society, is fat. We have developed a sensitivity complex around addressing our collective (over)weight issues. Anyone trying to promote healthy living through diet and exercise risks being vilified by the public and accused of fostering psychological body-image issues among the heavier population. Any government intervention in favour of healthy eating usually faces criticism for big-brothering their way into our grocery stores. But when a population is literally eating itself to death, the government must intervene, and that is exactly what the leaders of Denmark have done. It is the duty of a country to protect its citizens, even if that means protecting them from themselves. Obesity causes a wide variety of health problems, including increased risk of heart disease, stroke, Type 2 diabetes, arthritis, various cancers, gallbladder disease, and premature death. The stress that the
ongoing obesity epidemic puts on the health-care system—both in terms of medical resources and economic cost— has the potential to plunge a country into economic crisis. If the government can help protect a state from that crisis through instituting a new tax, then it has the responsibility to do so. Th is tax is not stopping anyone from choosing to buy unhealthy foods. Those who want their chips or donuts, their McDonald’s or Kentucky Fried Chicken, still have every right to purchase and eat those foods—they just have to pay a little extra, and it is likely that many will. If this tax has any real effect on vendors, it will be that it encourages restaurants and manufacturers to provide healthier options, which will lead to healthier eating and living for the Danish people. With the implementation of this tax, the government of Denmark is simply asking those citizens who wish to dig their own graves help foot the bill. —Ryan Mallough
Since the recent inception of the Danish fat tax, nations all over the Western world have been shouting their acclaim. France was the fi rst to declare its intention to soon follow suit, and given the high praise other nations have offered in regards to the new food levy, it seems likely taxes on saturated fat are about to start popping up the world over. Though there is something to be said for fi nancially deterring poor diet choices, the strain this tax could cause for the impoverished of Denmark is something that weighs a bit more heavily than a little extra fat in their food. Healthy food should undoubtedly be cheaper and easier to obtain than the over-processed and fat-ridden chip choices that adorn entire sections of grocery stores in Europe and North America. It should be less of a fi nancial strain for a family or individual of limited income to make healthy dietary choices than to rely on cooking Kraft Dinner night after night. Yet, even before
the implementation of this new fat levy, natural and organic foods were far more costly than their chemically composed counterparts. While Denmark’s fat tax may do something to narrow the gap between the costs of unhealthy and wholesome foods, it has done nothing to benefit those who have no choice but to purchase what is cheapest in order to fi ll their stomachs with the bare minimum. Focused far too much on those with the means to make choices about what they eat, this tax betrays an immense ignorance about the inability of many impoverished citizens to obtain enough groceries to keep from starving. Th is fat tax is going to do little to lighten the load of the miniscule 10 per cent of obese Danes; instead, it is the low-income families and students of Denmark that are going to feel the weight slipping—out of their wallets, that is. —Jaclyn Lytle
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Mercedes Mueller | email@example.com | (613) 562-5261
Volume 72, Issue 9, Oct. 20–Nov. 2, 2011 Travelling the world since 1942. Phone: (613) 562-5261 | Fax: (613) 562-5259 631 King Edward Ave. Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5 Recycle this, or stay home.
staff Mercedes ‘Malawi’ Mueller Editor-in-Chief firstname.lastname@example.org Michelle ‘France’ Ferguson Production Manager email@example.com Jaclyn ‘Jamaica’ Lytle Executive Editor firstname.lastname@example.org Mico ‘Mexico’ Mazza Art Director email@example.com Jane ‘Latvia’ Lytvynenko News Editor firstname.lastname@example.org Sofia ‘Haiti’ Hashi Arts & Culture Editor email@example.com Kristyn ‘Fiji’ Filip Features Editor firstname.lastname@example.org Katherine ‘Denmark’ DeClerq Sports Editor email@example.com Charlotte ‘Bahamas’ Bailey Online Editor firstname.lastname@example.org Christopher ‘Russia’ Radojewski Associate News Editor email@example.com Ali ‘Switzerland’ Schwabe Copy Editor Keeton ‘Wales’ Wilcock Staff Writer Sam ‘Chile’ Cowan Staff Proofreader Joshua ‘Peru’ Pride Volunteer & Visibility Coordinator firstname.lastname@example.org Danielle ‘Venezuela’ Vicha General Manager email@example.com Deidre ‘Belize’ Butters Advertising Representative firstname.lastname@example.org
contributors Abria ‘Malta’ Mattina Kiera ‘Kuwait’ Obbard Andrew ‘Iceland’ Kyle ‘Hungary’ Ikeman Hansford Allegra ‘Canada’ Kyle ‘Nepal’ Conty Nightingale Alex ‘Mexico’ Martin Kyle ‘Kosovo’ Wallace Alex ‘Spain’ Smyth Laura ‘Finland’ Anthony Falsetto ‘Australia’ Wan Leia ‘Armenia’ Brianna ‘Cuba’ Atkinson Campigotto Luna ‘Albania’ Cristina ‘Austria’ Al Kinani Apavaloae Natalie ‘Tanzania’ Devin ‘Barbados’ Tremblay Beauregard Natasha ‘New Edward ‘Romania’ Zealand’ Oickle Roué Nicole ‘Luxembourg’ Egor ‘Egypt’ Evseev Leddy Emily ‘Jordan’ Jackson Peter ‘Poland’ Frankie ‘Lesotho’ McLaren Leclair Ryan ‘Morocco’ Graham ‘Mali’ Mallough Mac Vannel Sarah ‘Senegal’ Jean-Gabriel Horlick Sean ‘Costa Rica’ ‘Belgium’ Baisi Jaehoon ‘Korea’ Kim Campbell Jevon ‘Japan’ James Spencer ‘Singapore’ Joseph ‘Burundi’ Boer Van Dyk Victor ‘Yeman’ Yan Julia ‘Philippines’ Pankova Kajahni ‘Thailand’ Tharmarajan Katarina ‘Laos’ Lukich Keven ‘Mongolia’ McKormic cover art by Emily Jackson
Where dem feds at?
ast week, The Canadian Council on Learning (CCL) released its fi nal report on the state of education in Canada. The independent, national learning organization is set to close in spring 2012 after the Harper government withdrew federal funding last year—and did they ever go out with a bang. “What is the Future of Learning in Canada?” analyzes trends in the Canadian education system, from early childhood education programs to postsecondary education, as well as adult learning, workplace training, and Aboriginal learning. The results? Canadians are falling behind. According to the report, we are “slipping down the international learning curve,” and the government is to blame. More specifically, the study states, “our governments have failed to work together to develop the necessary policies and failed to exhibit the required collective political leadership.” The CCL suggests Canada develop national education standards, and warns policymakers that without a nationwide authority to oversee common education goals, student achievement will continue to decline. Th is assessment of our educational institutions seems a little out there. After all, in this edition of the Fulcrum, we write about how our own University of Ottawa was ranked among the top 200 universities in the world, along with eight other Canadian schools. Th is report is also released on the heals of an article published in the Economist this September in which Ontario’s education system is described as “one of the world’s best-performing schools systems.” And the CCL does not hesitate to give credit where credit is due. With respect to post-secondary education, Canada is applauded for high education expenditures, strong rates of participation, quality of educators, and an educated immigrant population. Despite these triumphs, the most consistent criticism of our education system throughout the report is the lack of a cohesive, nationwide approach to education policy. The CCL calls for greater cooperation between the provinces and territories—under which the responsibility of education falls—and the federal government in the development and oversight of education policy in order to create stated objectives, measures of assessment, and cohesion across the country. Th is isn’t the fi rst time lack of cooperation between the federal and provincial governments has prevented national objectives from being met—or even developed. Policies on the environment, another area of provincial jurisdiction under our constitution, have fallen to the wayside over the past decade because of disputes over which level of government is both willing and able to implement such policies. Canadian federalism is a beauti-
illustration by Devin Beauregard
ful thing. Under our constitution, the federal and provincial governments are given the authority to regulate the aspects of Canadian society most relevant to them, and this freedom allows a geographically disperse and regionally distinct group of provinces to coexist under the flag of one nation. It’s what makes us the diverse bunch we are. But federalism isn’t without its fl aws. Some areas of jurisdiction are unclear. Health care and education, for example, fall under provincial power, but are fi nancially supported by the federal government. The environment is a provincial concern, but the ability to negotiate an international treaty on
climate change resides with the federal government. The tension between who is allowed to act vis-à-vis our constitution versus who has the resources and incentive to do so impedes our ability to get things done from time to time. When it comes to implementing an international treaty regarding the environment or developing a set of standards for our schools, it is obvious who has both the resources and incentive to guide action. The desire to have a clean environment for generations to come is no more exclusive to British Columbians than the desire to receive a high quality education is to Ontarians. These values—irrespective of their place in the
Canadian constitution—are Canadian values, desired and deserved by all. Canada’s education system may be in a good place worldwide as it stands, but so was our record on the environment 10 years ago. The CCL is right: It is time for the provincial and federal governments to work together toward developing, implementing, and overseeing the creation of standards for our education system—an initiative that should be led by our federal government. Otherwise, the future of learning in Canada seems to have reached a dead end. email@example.com (613) 562-5261