Volume 1: The Forum | 1
Content The Forum Advisor Dr. Jonathan Gates
Content Designer Benjamin Tse Contributing Designer Hannah Peace
3 Editorial from The Forum Advisor 4 Journey to Womanhood (Part 2)
Staff Writers Susannah Devenney Sarah Dunlap Rhoda Maendel Hannah Peace Casey Reyes Richard Smiles Caitlyn Thomas Benjamin Tse
What’s in It for Cultivate? Humans of Nyack: Rachel Buratovich
Feeling inspired to write a piece . . . to share your creativity through the arts & photography, contact (email@example.com om) to get more information and to get involved.
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11 Senior Blurbs
Photo-Credits Susannah Devenney Trisha Frazer Hannah Peace Casey Reyes Richard Smiles Caitlyn Thomas Benjamin Tse Nyack College
Humans of Nyack: Rachel Kunker Chasing Hemingway: An Account On Steve Florczyk’s Lecture
Athletic Awards Ceremony Honors Student Athletes’ Extraordinary Character
La traviata: The Fleeting Flower of Love
Closing Words from The Forum Staff 24
Editorial from The Forum Advisor
s the conclusion of the academic year approaches and students complete remaining assignments and exams and professors grade and tally final grades, seniors prepare to graduate and underclass men and women anticipate returning home and working summer jobs. Amidst the flurry of activity, it is easy to focus on finishing and to miss a greater truth, a truth from Scripture of which I was reminded when preparing to speak at the recent Writing Center closing dinner. Like many of the year-end events on campus, the Writing Center dinner was devoted to thanking God for his faithfulness to the staff and honoring graduates. The theme for the evening came from John 15:5 “I am the vine, you are the branches. If a man remains in me and I in him, he will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing.” As I reflected on this theme, I realized more fully the importance of the context. Jesus was preparing them for his imminent departure—something the disciples were having difficulty grasping if their previous statements were any indication of their state of mind. (Peter: “Lord, where are you going? And Philip: “Lord, show us the Father and that will be enough for us.”) When Jesus says, “abide” which also has been translated “remain,” the disciples may have perceived a contradiction. They may have
thought, “Jesus, you have said that you are leaving, your time has come, but we are to remain in/with you. How can we do that?” It seems that in some respects that many graduating seniors and returning students pose a similar concern when departing the more protected confines of Nyack. In essence Jesus urges the disciples and us to study his Word and allow his Spirit “to guide us in all truth” so that we will obey his commands. He reminds them and us that his life has been an example, “for if you obey my commands, you will remain in my love, just as I have obeyed my Father’s commands and remain in his love.”
A few years ago, a credit card company made popular the phrase, “Don’t leave home without it.” Without trivializing God’s truth, it may be a helpful reminder as we depart Nyack as graduates and underclassmen for the summer not to leave without remaining in Him. The Forum staff congratulates our graduates and looks forward to being the voice of Nyack College students next year. Faithfully,
Dr. Jonathan Gates Jonathan Gates, Ph.D Language, Literature, and Writing Department Chair Director of Nyack Honors Program
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Journey to Womanhood (Part 2) BY CAITLYN THOMAS ‘17
n Part 1 which appeared in March’s issue of The Forum, I presented the basics of the Woman mentorship program at Nyack College. In this part 2 I will explain the personal process in which Woman prompted in my own life, and the lives of other women who have participated. I’ve walked you through the basics of what getting into the Woman program is really about, but I want to talk to you now about the personal process. As a result of my own journey in Woman, I have become more confident and content as a woman, and come to a much deeper understanding of who I am. When I began Woman in the Fall of 2016, I was in a rather odd place in life. I was starting my senior year of college, I had undergone some major shifts in many personal areas, and I was nowhere near the woman I thought I would be by that point. I had set high expectations for myself in terms of relationships, confidence, and goals. Reality was that most of those expectations had fallen very short, or rather, I felt I had fallen short. Most of all, I felt more 4 | Volume 1: The Forum
Courtesy of Caitlyn Thomas
lost than ever in the grand scheme of who I was and what I was contributing to the world. Needless to say, the start of Woman was the start of a complete alteration of my mentality and perspective. Over the course of Woman, I met regularly with my mentor and walked through the different challenges that had presented themselves to me throughout the year. I found myself taking big steps in the direction towards changing the way I functioned as a person. I began working on the way I rely on my parents and the ever-evolving relationship I have with them. I started taking part in the things that made me happy or passionate, instead of hiding behind the worry of what people thought. I understood more each passing month what it meant to love myself and learn the art of contentment in being single. More importantly, I began to find ‘ME’ again, in what seemed like a very long time of being lost. Through this program, I have learned some practical concepts like about budgeting my finances, or conservation, how to take better care of my body, and the true true meaning of Sabbath. But I have also learned about the
deep concepts, like how to navigate singleness in a time when everyone around you is marrying, how to be confident in speaking up for myself, the importance of male and female friendships, healthy independence and dependence, as well as intimacy with Christ. All these different topics made their way into my journey through the meetings with my mentor, the monthly meetings with everyone as a group, and in time spent on my own. Everyone’s journey will look different, but Woman has a way of calling the REAL you out of its shell. I contacted some previous members from the Woman program to see how their time in the program shaped them during and after it had been completed. Janiece Williams graduated in 2015, and had many good things to say about how Woman influenced her, “Woman was the start to an incredible adventure for me. While in the program, I began to embrace my own unique journey and view it as good. And what I didn’t know at the time was that my embracing my journey of womanhood was birthing in me a desire to lead other women into the truth that I had found. That being a woman is a good and beautiful thing. And since crossing over, I’ve started my own self-care and love campaign called, ‘P.S. You’re Beautiful.’ So all in all I’d say, Woman is the gift that keeps on giving.”
Check out these links for more information: http://amyfdavisabdallah.com/category/woman-rite-of-passage/ https://www.facebook.com/AmyFDavisAbdallah https://twitter.com/amyfdavisa
Felicita Ruiz also completed the Woman program last year and when I sat down with her, she had a lot to say about it, “Before I started Woman, I knew there was a creative side to me, but I had never tapped into it. I went into the program with no expectations, no questions. I was just so open to what it was going to do for me. There were all these different areas that I felt like I was set free from while also being brought to a place of creativity that I still use today. Woman helped me to stop hiding and walk in freedom of being a Woman. It helped me to be comfortable with who I am and what God has given me.” Speaking with these women, I realized that this program doesn’t end with your participation in senior year. This program follows you into adulthood and into the long journey of life, and these things that I am currently learning mean so much to me because I know they will continue to shape me long after I leave Nyack. As I finish my remaining weeks at Nyack and wrap up my participation in the Woman program, I will be able to look back on this experience in a few months and realize even more ways that this program has shaped me. As I share my final project in the program, I will proudly look at the different ways I have grown and be truly happy with the woman I know I am and who I am becoming.
Also. . . Dr. Amy F. Davis Abdallah has written a book on Christian womanhood. You are welcomed to check it out at http://amyfdavisabdallah.com/ the-book-of-womanhood/ Volume 1: The Forum | 5
What’s in It for Cultivate?
BY BENJAMIN TSE ‘19
n March 31st, the Center for Transformative Work partnering with Nyack College’s School of Business presented a Christian-version “Shark Tank” competition. The Business Club of Nyack Rockland hosted and facilitated the event. The six finalists pitched their concept and plan in eight minute presentations in front of a panel of judges who are area business professionals. From the six teams only the top three would receive capital to fund their ventures. Jason and Kristina Roe(Nyack College alums) of Teach 2 Teach Music, LLC placed first and received $10,000. Ryan Ozolins (ATS’17), who recently finished his last course for his M. Div, took second place with his Good Donut Shop concept and won $7,500. Last but not least, Nyack College’s undergraduates Peter Nehlsen (‘19), Benjamin Tse (‘19), Wiktor Lasota (‘19), Joseph Girard (‘20), and Thomas Trott (‘20) of Cultivate Coffee won the third place award of $5,000! As soon as the results were announced, the presenters were interviewed regarding their plans for using the funds. Roe shared, “We plan on using the $10,000 as recommended by our business coach. It will most likely be used for online advertising to help us get more students 6 | Volume 1: The Forum
Courtesy of Nyack College
for our music lessons business.” Ryan Ozolins had provided a clear budget for his donut shop kiosk during his presentation. It would cost up to $10,000. Though short by $2,500, he indicated that he will be looking for alternative options to
As for Cultivate Coffee, they hope that the substantial amount of cash will give them greater leverage in their quest for a separate financial account for the business and a permanent building to run the business. Cultivate Coffee partner Peter Nehlsen revealed his dream to acquire higher quality equipment, such as a hot water dispenser and an espresso machine. The team agrees that this win is a stepping stone. It has given them more motivation to pursue the dream of cultivating greater community within and beyond Nyack. As a member of the Cultivate Coffee, personally, I doubted our chances of placing, especially after hearing the comments and feedback from the competent judges. They raised several key challenges with our business plan, including how or if we could sustain the business after members of the team graduate?
Being entrepreneur is no easy task. When teams present their ideas to the panel of investors, the judges have the freedom to tear them down. Teams appear as naked before the judges, while imagining that they are totally prepared to persuade them. Yet these judges were once in their shoes; they worked their way through a multitude of successes and failures. Of course, they can see through the cracks and holes of a sprouting business concept. Thus, it is a humbling and growing process.
For all who gathered this was an exciting event and an important addition for the college. Business professor James Muckell, advisor for the accounting majors at the School of Business, commented that it was “one of the most professional events organized at the college.” Such an event is a breakthrough for Nyack. Everyone hopes to see it become an annual event for budding entrepreneurs around the Rockland County area.
Courtesy of Benjamin Tse
Cultivate’s Signature Pour-Over Coffee
Team Cultivate (l-r): Thomas Trott, Wiktor Lasota, Peter Nehlsen, Joseph Girard, Bejamin Tse
Cultivate’s Logo Volume 1: The Forum | 7
Humans of Nyack Featuring . . . Rachel Buratovich
I recently wrote a play titled Still Here. Itâ€™s about people living in a ghetto on the border of Romania during WWII. I primarily wrote it for my Playwriting class, but it affected me more than I thought it would. 8 | Volume 1: The Forum
BY HANNAH PEACE ‘17
anish Philosopher Soren Kierkegaard once wrote, “Life can only be understood backwards; but it must be lived forwards.” As only a few more weeks remain in the semester, I look back on my four years at Nyack College, along with my fellow graduating seniors, and begin to understand the journey that has been unfolding during my time at Nyack. With finals week ahead of us, we have something even bigger to look forward to; commencement. Though some of us are buried in papers, projects, and last minute studying, the day is coming; we will walk across that stage, receive our diplomas, and throw our caps high in celebration that we’ve made it to the end of our college careers. Before the actual day of graduation arrives, there is an entire week leading up to it where seniors are the last of the students to remain on cam-
pus. The work is done, the tests are graded, and we are left to enjoy the week as graduates. The office of Student Activities on the Rockland Campus is in charge of planning events all year. From the spring formal to the dating game, they put on events for students to get involved, hang out, and take a break from their work. Student Activities is also in charge of planning “senior week,” the few days leading up to commencement. This year, the week involves a cookout on May 3rd– a time forall graduating seniors to get together, enjoy food, music, games, and to revel in what they have accomplished. I, for one, am extremely excited for this night; ; I think it will capture a moment we will all remember. Additionally, the official “senior day” will be on Thursday, May 4th. At the cookout, raffle tickets will be given out Volume 1: The Forum | 9
to different talk shows in New York City. Some for The Chew, the View, Good Morning America, and a few others. On Thursday, seniors will be taking a trip to the city, and many will get the chance to be in the audience for these talk shows. There will also be a NYC scavenger hunt up for grabs, in which seniors will spend roughly three hours exploring the city, collecting items, etc. This will be a day for seniors to have fun, explore New York City, and be together. th
Friday May 5 is the night of Baccalaureate. This is a time where seniors gather with professors and staff in what can be described as a more intimate commencement–less speeches, more prayer. It is a time of worship, encouragement, and sending off. Seniors will have the chance to look back at their time at Nyack in a slideshow of photos accumulated over the years,
and get to say their goodbyes to professors. I have a friend who graduated last year tell me that if I had to choose between attending commencement and attending Baccalaureate, the latter would be the most rewarding. I can’t imagine the emotions that will be felt on that night as we all prepare to officially hold the title of college graduate; this will be one of our last moments together as Nyack undergrad students. As we finish up last minute assignments and prepare for finals week, I think we all have the week of graduation to look forward to, something to spur us on when the work feels overwhelming. We’ve worked long and difficult hours, spent years studying and learning, and it all comes down to this. As a graduate myself, I am full of anticipation and ready to step into this next chapter of my life.
CONGRATULATION CLASS OF 2017! May 5
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Senior Blurbs BY RICHARD SMILES ‘17
“I have so many memorable moments here especially from being a part of the basketball family for four years. I have met the most genuine, caring and loving people, I have made friends for life here, brothers for life. But some of my off the court memories includes the love I have gotten from being a tutor and from other faculty and staff. I remember Mr. Jennings coming to sit with us at lunch and even students just praying for you at unexpected times, these are my most cherished moments at Nyack.”Naanma Yamsat
“One of the best things about my Nyack experience is how much of a home it became for me. I never missed the papers and tests but when I came back from breaks and saw all my friends again I remembered why it was so special.”Conor Halcott
“Nyack wasn’t the ideal college experience I had in mind originally but I grew to love the community and most importantly I drew closer to Christ. Loved my experience here at Nyack.” - Moise Flaubert Volume 1: The Forum | 11
“In my time at Nyack, I have been exposed to so many new ideas and new people, and it has really challenged me intellectually, emotionally, and spiritually. It has definitely helped me greatly to mature as a Christian.”Scott Fagerlund “I knocked to enter Dr. Poston's house, and, upon opening the door, he gave me a quizzical look and asked, ‘Why did you knock? My house should feel like yours at this point, and since you wouldn't knock to enter your own house, you shouldn't knock to enter mine.’ It made me smileand I haven't knocked since.”- Anna Jarbeck
“College has allowed me to explore a myriad of worlds, live in the minds of great poets and authors, and cultivate friendships that have changed my very core. More than any big event, occasion, or memory, I think I'll look back on the little wonders; small moments that shaped me and changed me, for which I am eternally grateful.” -Hannah Peace 12 | Volume 1: The Forum
Serving incoming freshman as an orientation leader my second year at Nyack College was incredibly memorable and influential for me. It was over the course of that weekend that I met so many wonderful people and Nyack began to feel like home to me. Iâ€™m thankful for the friendships forged and the memories made during those few impactful days.â€? -Emily Sigmon
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Humans of Nyack Featuring . . . Rachel Kunker
Post Undergrad Life: I go to Cultivate, hang out with ISU people, host movie nights at the Postonâ€™s, make my own food, budget, try to stay within said budget, and lastly judge whether I should pay off some of my student loans or invest in a pair of cute shoes.
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Chasing Hemingway: An Account On Steve Florczyk’s Lecture BY CASEY REYES ‘17
Steve Florczyk, Author of Hemingway, the Red Cross, and the Great War
n Wednesday April 19, Dr. Steve Florczyk, Hemingway scholar and professor at Longwood University, visited Nyack College as a guest lecturer at the invitation of Dr.McDuffie and the English Department . As with many authors, frequently, Hemingway’s writings are read autobiographically, muddling facts with fiction which contributes to the biases and scrutinous brow of his work. Discussing his book Hemingway, the Red Cross, and the Great War, Dr. Florczyk provided documented background information on Hemingway's life during his time as a Red Cross volunteer during the waning days of World War I, as well answering questions to demystify the world of Hemingway in order to tell a more
Photo Courtesy of Casey Reyes
complete truth about his life and work. One commonly held misunderstanding is the belief that Hemingway served as a soldier in WWI, when in truth he served as a Red Cross volunteer stationed at the frontline near the Austro-Hungarian border, “looking for some action,” as Florczyk notes. The assumption is influenced by Hemingway's heavy handed use of the theme of war and life after throughout many of his novels such as In Our Time, Fiesta, and For Whom The Bell Tolls. Based on his extensive study of correspondence by Robert W. Bates, Field Ambulance Inspector for the Red Cross and one who worked with Hemingway, Florczyk explained that Bates led his troop of volunteers, including Hemingway, Volume 1: The Forum | 15
in a militaristic style, even designing the uniform to resemble that of a soldier's uniform, which was to “boost the morale of the surrounding community giving the impression that there were soldiers amongst them.” Florczyk makes clear that though Hemingway never served in the army and he was only on the frontlines briefly, the Great War did affect him significantly for the rest of his life. At the conclusion of his presentation, Florczyk invited his audience to reflect on an aerial photograph which illustrated the physical scars of World War I, including signs of the abandoned trenches and craters blasted into the ground from mortar rounds. Hemingway’s stories evoke the same mood that the eerie photo provides-- an up close look of how the world functions after war. Interestingly, the questions that were posed for Florczyk by students and attendees centered on Hemingway's spotted record with women and alcohol. One student asked “Why did Hemingway have four wives?” Another woman inquired about his PTSD questioning, “Do you think that Hemingway lived a hedonistic lifestyle to cope with the atrocities he encountered in the war?” Florczyk, though not sympathetic to the notion of Hemingway being portrayed as a playboy, did agree that the war, amongst other realities, such as his health issues, and injuries to his body, did affect him saying that “these factors compounded and seem to have had an influence on his life.” Attendees at the sessions seemed genuinely pleased to learn more about the man Hemingway rather than the myth, and on this count Dr. Florczyk did not disappoint. 16 | Volume 1: The Forum
About Us The Nyack College Business Society is a group of students on a mission to make positive changes in the lives of innovative individuals who are passionate for success in an ethical, friendly environment. We as a club believe in faith, innovation and going beyond our comfort zones to reach success in our everyday lives.
Contact Us Phone: 347-422-3155 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Title: Hunter Hennessey, President of Business Society
Why “Innovative, Ethical & Passionate”? Innovative: To be innovative, you must creative, original and unique. The Business Society strives for each member to reach their fullest innovative potential- creation is valuable and we want to pursue all our ideas ambitiously.
Ethical: The Business Society seeks to live each day through truth, kindness, and love. We want every decision made as a society to be ethical and true to who we are.
“Having the privilege of leading the Business Society this semester has been an honor. Being a part of a team that grows together is a blessing” - Hunter Hennessey, President.
Passionate: Passion is a virtue that needs to be flourished in every action. For the Business Society, passion is what keeps us together, striving for success. We have passion in our mission to achieve greatness and that alone keeps up strong.
NYACK COLLEGE BUSINESS SOCIETY 1 South Blvd. Nyack, NY 10960 Elected Officials (left to right): Karen Pimentel, Hunter Hennessey, and Nautika Clemons
Paige Loughran (VP) and Jinasia Hayes (Member)
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Athletic Awards Ceremony Honors Student Athletes’ Extraordinary Character
BY SARAH DUNLAP ‘19
t the end of the 20162017 school year, Nyack College Department of Athletics honored their athletes’ hard work and accomplishments in an annual awards ceremony on Sunday evening, April 23. Coaches awarded select athletes with honors that highlighted their determination and excellence during the year. Distinguished honors such as the Jonathan Gainer Award, Harold Bowman Award, and Top GPA Award were presented to senior Trisha Frazer (cross country), senior Naanma Yamsat (basketball) and junior Katalina Padilla Frazer receiving the Gainer Award (softball), and senior Kelsi Collins “...without my Lord, teammates, (volleyball), respeccoaches, family, and friends, it tively.
much credit, because without my Lord, teammates, coaches, family, and friends, it would not have been possible.” Jonathan L. Gainer, for whom the award memorializes, possessed not only athletic excellence but a strong desire for friendships with those on and off his team. His exceptional character showed the love of Jesus Christ, whether in athletics or throughout his education. The award is thus presented to the student athlete who also makes a difference in the world, one who has exhibited excellence and character during four years at Nyack College.
“The growth I have experienced as an athlete over the past four wouldn’t have been possible.” Trisha Frazer, years results from God's awarded the Jonafaithfulness and an — Frazer ‘17 than Gainer 4-Year amazing team who does Sportsmanship Award, the most prestignot give up. Although it was not easy in ious honor for Nyack College student aththe slightest of ways, I truly learned how letes, says “I am extremely humbled and to push through and run for a cause better honored to have received the Jonathan L. than yourself. Without the support of my Gainer Award, especially because it is in coaches, teammates, friends, and family I honor of a man who truly lived out the would have not been able to make it. The gospel and a life of excellence, but I can't Lord used these people in tremendous take too ways to draw 18 | Volume 1: The Forum
me closer and rely on nothing else but him. I will never forget the feeling of finishing my last conference race this past fall. I was overwhelmed by how many times I thought I would not make it to this point and how faithful Jesus is throughout all of it,” says Frazer . Naanma Yamsat and Katalina Padilla received the Harold W. Bowman Character Achievement Award, which honors junior or senior student athletes who are rolemodels in their college community. The recipients show exemplary character in their sport but also in life, a trademark of the award’s namesake. Harold Bowman, Nyack College alum and athlete, was a person of character who served as a missionary in Africa. On February 2, 1977 he was hit by rebel gunfire in Juba, risking his life to bring relief workers to safety at the airport . Yamsat, who has been rewarded not only the Harold Bowman Award but also the Top Ten GPA Award and Team Memorial Award, believes that his character has been strengthened in “a tough year but a rebuilding year.” “It’s been a preparing year for the real world. Everything we went through, everything I’ve done, and everything we’ve been through as a team has prepared me for the real world,” says Yamsat. Kelsi Collins, honored with the Top GPA Award, also sees this year as a season of redemption in her sport . “Seasons weren’t that great because of several injuries, but this year was really good with people who wanted to win and
contributed to the overall good of the team,” says Collins . As her will for success in volleyball increased, so did her will for academic achievement. “It was a lot of work, but my goal every year is to get a 4.0 every semester. This semester was the first semester that I got a 4.0. You know the best you can do, and I knew that was the best I could do. It’s different for everyone, but I knew I had to push hard to achieve my best,” says Collins. While this year for most student athletes has been hard work, it has also been the year, as Frazer describes, that characters have been intensified by competition and their reliance on God’s strength. “Being a Nyack warrior taught me about hard work and trusting your training. I am overjoyed to have spent my past four years here and I am going to miss each and every person who has been on this journey with me. The biggest lesson I have learned through being a college athlete is that despite hard circumstances, one can persist. You have to choose that mindset or you will let all of the lies and doubt in your head overrule you. However, the crucial aspect is this: you must not do it out of your own strength, where burn out and perfectionism can overtake you, but out of the strength the Lord provides, especially in moments where you feel inadequate and weak. I would not have made it without Him and He is the one I owe all to (Isaiah 40:29 ‘He gives strength to the weary and increases the power of the weak’),” says Frazer .
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La traviata: The Fleeting Flower of Love BY RHODA MAENDEL ‘20
he fluttering, faded pink petals of cherry blossoms litter the ground like confetti after the party has ended. They are a reminder of the short-lived beauty of the christening celebration for spring. For a few short days of beauty, the cherry blossoms sacrifice their longevity in order to give birth to summer’s green. Nyack College’s Opera Workshop performed Verdi’s La traviata, on April 21 and 23, conducted by Maestro David Maiullo, president and musical director of the Bravo Alliance of Performing Artists. The combined efforts of Nyack College students, professors, and other contributors culminated in a fantastic performance in Olsen Auditorium of Pardington Hall. In this opera, a party marks the beginning of a love affair between Violetta, a courtesan, and Alfredo, a young man from a provincial family. Like cherry blossoms, their love cannot last; destiny has other plans The prophetic words of Violetta’s aria give voice to her suspicion that something as beautiful as love must be transitory: “Let us be joyful, for love is a fleeting and short-lived joy. A flower which blossoms and fades, whose beauty is soon lost forever.” These words succinctly sum up the nature of her relationship with Alfredo in both its passion and brevity. Like most Italian operas, La traviata is full of contrast:
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light and dark, good and bad, love and hate, morality and immorality. This particular production included the added contrast of age. While the majority of Violetta’s friends were acted by college students, the roles of Violetta and Alfredo were played by middle aged, seasoned performers. The drama unfolded in the context of three simply furnished sets; the first displayed the decorated tables and flowers befitting of a party, the second had the modest ambience of a country home, and the third set was dominated by the presence of Violetta’s deathbed. While contrast seems important in the production, this opera embodies renaissance, an underlying theme of Italian opera. The idea of renaissance or rebirth implies spring, hope, and new life. For Violetta, suffering from a terminal illness, it means hope that she won’t die. Her relationship with Alfredo
awakens a new sense of joy in her as well as a determination to use the time she has: “Whether it be dawn or dusk, I must always live”. Still, Violetta’s love is tested by the realization that true love means sacrifice. In fact, it means giving up the only love she ever had. In order to preserve the honor of Alfredo’s family, she denies her love for him and leaves him. Only after he publicly disgraces Violetta by paying her for her services, does Alfredo learn from his father Violetta’s true motivation in deserting him. Meanwhile, Violetta’s moment of turning to God on her deathbed signifies not only the end of her life of suffering; it also points to hope in eternal life. At this point, the lights brighten and she stretches out her arms singing, “Oh God, grant she may come to thee!” The words “La traviata” literally mean “The Fallen Woman”; yet, instead of telling the story of someone who loses her salvation, it shows the life of a woman redeemed by love. For an unsuspecting audience, the final scene in this particular interpretation comes as a shock. Seemingly propelled by newfound strength, Violetta walks toward the audience with arms outstretched, only to collapse and die seconds later as the curtains close on the violent grief of Alfredo. Before Violetta falls to the stage like a white petal, terminating its life of beauty, she calls Alfredo and his father together to express her love and forgiveness. Finally, she welcomes the promise of rebirth, declaring: “I shall live—Oh, joy!”
The Fine Print 2017 edition is now available. While copies remain, pick up yours at Bailey Library or Eastman Library. Congratulations to our contest winners and all those who submitted creative work!
Feeling inspired to share your creativity through the arts & photography, contact Dr. Jonathan Gates or (email@example.com) to get more information and to get involved. Stay tuned for next Spring’s The Fine Print 2018 edition!
Volume 1: The Forum | 21
BY SUSANNAH DEVENNEY ‘18 he familiar blooms of spring have apfor firemen. It was woven with flamepeared, and with it, the chaotic chang- resistant wool fibers to form a fairly flameing weather of this marvelously tumul- repellent suit which distinguished those tuous season. Every day holds a decision: who worked in the highly active field of firedo I dress for the frigid morning air, or the fighting . brilliant afternoon sun? The answer is usuIn France, the bleu de travail, a ally found in layers. By wearing thin, easy layers of clothing, it becomes a simple task bright blue jacket which translates literally to adjust your outfit according to the whims to “work blues”, was formed of indigo dyes with a cotton base fabric. This became a of the weather. One of the most essential symbol of the working class, a marked illayers is a simple denim jacket. Through thick and thin, this garment somehow brings lustration of manual labor. Why blue? Blue hides oil and grease stains well, and differa touch of both Americana and rebellion, entiates from the starch white clothes of an making the perfect casual addition to any office worker. Hence, the “blue-collar” outfit . American worker, a uniformed industrialist Though it can be found on almost symbol. every half-chilled person on a typical spring The American development of the day, it was first born as a garment of work. denim jacket came at a fascinating time in On two separate continents, variousiterathe nation’s history. There was a great tions of the denim jacket formed at around western migration for a variety of jobs, inthe same time, the mid to late 1800s. cluding the Gold Rush and the railway conJapanese laborers formed the indigo struction. In 1853, the Bavarian native Levi garment as a woven denim jacket, and its Strauss opened a store in San Francisco durability made a simple, structured uniform to sell clothes to the working population.
When Jacob Davis worked with Strauss to create a pair of denim pants, they quickly got it patented and on the market. Their denim work covered all bases, from full jumpsuits to pants to the precious denim jacket. The durability and lightness of the fabric made it a quick, easy stable for the hard-working people of the 19th century. Of course, the denim jacket has been cast out of respectable society as a symbol of rebellion as the changing tides of fashion always do. Bing Crosby, a mid-
Courtesy of Susannah Devenney 22 | Volume 1: The Forum
dery show personality and flair. Rock stars like Debbie Harry of Blondie rocked a Canadian Tuxedo with her own unique and iconic style, and Elton John had lavishly embellished denim jackets as part of his onstage ensembles as a symbol of their rebellion and edge. Denim modification quickly became an illustration of the paradoxical celebrity: the rock star.
Courtesy of Susannah Devenney
twentieth century singer and performer, was not allowed in a hotel in Canada for wearing the low-class material throughout his entire outfit. The scandal caused Levi Strauss’ company to send him his very own “Canadian Tuxedo”, thus dubbing any denim-on-denim look as a fashion exclamation.
The 20th century saw a rise in rebellious spirits in general, with the birth of the teenager and their innate desire to push against expectations. Denim became a means of expression, with various styles and modifications used to show a variety of interests and fashions. Levi Strauss’s company continued in his legacy, his name becoming nearly synonymous with denim itself. In 1973, the company held a competition for individualized denim jacket and pant designs, and the winning garments were taken on a tour through American Folk Art museums. It became commonplace to add any kind of detail to a denim jacket in the punk era of music and fashion, and is now widely acknowledged as a wearable art form. Patches, pins, and embroi-
As celebrity styles often do, the denim jacket was recreated numerous times for the general audience. Once denim jackets were sold by every designer, they became part of the wardrobe essentials. Each generation has crafted its own interest in the denim jacket, calling for a renewal of the item each decade. They are safely considered to be a staple of the American wardrobe, whether designer or self-decorated. And so, the denim jackets linger on, whether because of its development as a durable, sensible garment for hard workers, or its blank-canvas ability to express oneself through embellishment, or its lightweight, comfortable structure. The denim-on-denim wearer can be comforted in knowing that Bing Crosby is the forefather of their style, and that the carefully sewn patches on your jacket are considered to be folk art. As the springtime rolls on, feel free to rock a bit of spring denim in an ode to its long, honored history.
Courtesy of Susannah Devenney Volume 1: The Forum | 23
Closing Words from The Forum Staff Dr. Jonathan Gates— As staff advisor this year, I have savored working with the staff as we have written, designed, organized and developed each issue from a handful of ideas to a finished news magazine each month this year. Thanks team.
Susannah Devenney— The key to joy is to smile, dress well, seek knowledge, let it roll, and blast whatever wild rap song you want in your headphones as you strut through the brilliant life God gave you. Sarah Dunlap— I hope to go out there (wherever “there” may be) with passion and purpose. Even when life gets messy, turn the music up and laugh and dance unapologetically. Rhoda Maendel— To me, questions are more important than answers. I am always ready for a good argument, a belly laugh, and a pithy quote such as, “Sometimes life’s hell, but hey, whatever gets the marshmallows toasty.” Hannah Peace— I’m the biggest proponent of capturing moments, but sometimes you have to put down the lense and just live.
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Casey-Adelle Reyes— Has been an artsy fartsy female with wanton ringlets since ‘93. She would like to thank the Gentlemen in the English department for making her four year stint at Nyack worthwhile.
Richard Smiles— I hope to Teach, Encourage and Heal. I want to help others live out their God-given purpose as I do the same. Caitlyn ThomasIs a senior who is taking on life one whimsical day at a time, with her ukulele and a severe love for pineapples and laughter. Benjamin Tse— I like to keep myself busy. I know I am not trying to prove to anyone. I guess there is something in me that seeks to grow, learn, and push beyond my comfort bubble.
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Published on Apr 28, 2017
Opportunity . . . It seems that in some respects that many graduating seniors and returning students pose a similar concern when departing...