VOLUME V, ISSUE IV
SUMMER 2013 FREE
THE BEES’ NEEDS Facing the nation’s largest bee die-off in history, what’s the buzz keeping colonies strong in Florida? p. 24
THE KOPPERS SUPERFUND SITE: CLEAN UP OR COVER UP? P. 32
this issue Office Space
(pictured right) A student favorite, a politics guru: get to know UF Professor Dan Smith.
Published with support from Campus Progress/Center for American Progress (online at CampusProgress.org).
Ashira Morris Lily Wan
Creative Writing Editor
Ashira Morris Lily Wan
Isabel Branstrom Korrie Francis Chelsea Hetelson Kelley Taksier
(pictured above) Inmates devote their time and love to training some otherwise unruly pooches.
p. 16 Cover art by Emma Roulette.
COLUMNS Monthly Manifesto: Forage Farm, p. 06 A lush seed library and vast farm invite Gainesville to dig around, get dirty and sprout something new.
SPOTLIGHTS Businesses that Care, p. 18 Signs of human compassion in the business world. Pick Yoâ€™ Own, p. 20 Get your berries straight from the bush this summer! Cityâ€™s New Swag, p. 22 A new health clinic to open western low-income patients.
FEATURES True Blood, p. 28 Fear not: the giant mosquitoes have more buzz than bite.
02 | T H E
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a 3 SPRING 201 FREE
ISSUE III VOLUME V,
from THE FINE PRINT’S
Watching the Watchmen
by Lily Wan
at A close look in surveillance Gainesville p. 18
Multimedia, more stories, blogs and a community calendar. PLUS! Comment on stories, see photos from the printed issue (and more!) IN COLOR, flip through a digital version of the printed edition and much, much more, all updated throughout the month.
Y I don’t have to remind you each day is N POLIC N U G made of 24 hours and 24 hours only — OW SHOWD no more, no less. But sometimes I feel like demanding a recount. Days double over, one bleeding into the next and before you know it your thesis, May’s rent and that lost SAL, S PROPO E IC ESIDENT’ THE PR ERNOR’S CHO library book are all due at once. Some days feel V OUR GO like they last five hours, while other days seem + FEE SHOP, P.14 R STANDARD COF : NOT JUST YOU RY, NO PROBLEM to go on for weeks. NO BOSS, NO DAI facebook.com/thefineprintuf It’s easy to slip into the micro-life, working twitter.com/thefineprintuf deadline-to-deadline and dollar-to-dollar, like we often do at The Fine Print. Time just seems to evaporate into thin air. And although we somehow manage, there is certainly room for improvement. But who knew it’d take five hours for us to realize this? About a month ago, one of associate editors, Naima RamosChapman, from Campus Progress came down to Gainesville to FEATURED STAFFER host a workshop for The Fine Print. Campus Progress helps us out through a grant and with journalistic training and guidance. Sam Schuyler It took five hours of brainstorming and macro-scale, brutally honest evaluation for the editors to zoom out of the mundane details and refocus. Instead of slashing commas, coming up with witty headlines and arguing over fonts as we normally might, we took time to evaluate the bigger picture of The Fine Print and made plans to improve our workflow and community presence. The workshop recharged us with new ideas, inspiration and enthusiasm. It kind of felt like New Year’s all over again, except without the champagne and confetti. We’ve hopped on our resolutions since the workshop, but many of our new ideas can’t be implemented till fall semester. That’s right, be lookin’ forward to an even better Fine Print. (I know it’s hard to imagine us even more perfect, but just try.) Actually, you could help us out with this. We’re on the hunt for a web editor, a social media manager and a new photo editor. Shoot us an e-mail if you think you’d fit the bill. Speaking of time disappearing, here we are at the end of another semester. Danny Ennis, our creative writing director, and Melanie Brkich, our photo editor, are graduating and moving on to wherever Samantha Schuyler is a freshman at UF their next chapters begin. I‘m not going to get cloyingly sentimental, but I do want to give them a formal, 10-point printed “thank you.” I’d studying journalism. When not writing, package my gratitude in a bolded size 72, underlined and italicized, if she’s doing improv with Theatre Strike it were aesthetically acceptable for this page’s layout, but alas. Force and drawing stuff, which you can And to our graduating readers and skimmers — bon voyage to find at samanthaschuyler.tumblr.com. you as well. We know you’ll miss The Fine Print just as we’ll miss you, Her one wish is to be Joan Baez, for a lot so we’ve optimized our online issues to be dual-purpose tissues. We’ll leave it up to you to figure that out. of reasons. Her happiness is determined AMI I GOSW BY ANJAL BY SUSIE BIJAN TION ILLUSTRA
am Wa e. An avVietn ttl of the line of ba sees more years the tes t the 20 lives in United Sta of war, bu Over lost their e d in the the fac cans tAmeri o-year perio — not in lence. promp s tw vio y has in erage ,000 death stic gun iet soc untry s me 58 ok the co today’ than e to do d, du t reality of corners of Sandy Ho . tea ins nn len all , the n, Co The vio otings in 14, 2012 wtow Ne sho c. ss De ng in ed ma years. On shooti America. ned 23 sig ol t a en ho in ol, am Sc rec contr k Ob ntary debate Eleme d the gun sident Barac ard gun cularly rti tow reignite Jan. 16, Pre t edged es, pa rvativ On ers tha be conse RA). (N would tive ordtrage from execu iation states ng ou Rifle Assoc orders, all sparki nal tive cu tio the Na r these exe Unde
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by her proximity to puppies.
Summer 2013 | T H E
COLUMN / PAPER CUTS
Paper Cuts WOMEN ON BIRTH CONTROL PREFER LESS MASCULINE MEN All us women know the standard trope of birth control complaints by now: weight gain, mood swings, headaches. A recent British study adds a more curious side effect to that list. The Pill causes women to see more feminine men as more attractive. The women in the study were given a digital male face. They were able to change certain physical traits, like jaw height, cheek prominence and face width, to create their perfectly drop-dead-gorgeous man. During this round, none of the women were taking the Pill. At the end of the first experiment, the scientists offered the women birth control. About a third of them started taking it. Three months later, the women sat down to the same task: creating a perfect digital male face. This time, it was obvious who was on hormones and who wasn’t. The women who opted to take the Pill crafted men with more feminine features. They typically preferred narrower jaw bones and rounder faces. With so many women starting the Pill in their early twenties, it’s likely that we will pick our future husbands with these hormones affecting our perceived attraction. Basically, women taking birth control are under the influence. The two common hormones in American pills, estrogen and progestin, play the part of a modern day Eros. They tinker with who we fall for. If you started dating your boyfriend 04 | T H E F I N E P R I N T | thefineprintuf.org
Ouch! That hurts doesn’t it? Paper Cuts are our short, erratic and sometimes painful updates on current local and national news. For more and past Paper Cuts, visit our website at www. thefineprintuf.org Image courtesy of the Government Pr ess Office by Milner Moshe via Flickr Commons. while you were on the Pill, how do you know your natural-state body finds him hot as well? Certainly, physical appearance is not the only trait that makes a person attractive. But we would be lying if we said it’s not an important factor. So, to all you boys and men who have been called “feminine”: don’t take it as an insult. The women on birth control just may pick you over the hunky jock. By Ashira Morris
DROPPING THE T: TRANSGENDER RIGHTS IN THE MARRIAGE ERA DOMA has been called out for being doma-neering. As the Defense of Marriage Act is examined by the Supreme Court, a groundswell of people have “come out” in their support of gay marriage and equal rights for people who are lesbian, gay and bisexual. However, the “t” in the alphabet soup of of L.G.B.T.Q.I.A.A.P is overlooked. (That’s lesbian gay bisexual transgender questioning intersexual asexual ally pansexual, if you
The Human Rights Campaign may be great at social media campaigning, but they still censor their image.
were wondering.) The Sexual Orientation Non-Discrimination Act offers protection for the L.G.B. population. But there is still no gender nondiscrimination act. Sexuality and gender exist on two separate continuums. Gender ranges from male to female, with plenty of room in the middle. Sexual orientation exists between homosexual and heterosexual; that line is directly bisected by bisexual. The largest study of transgender people, released in 2011, found that the community is constantly harassed and discriminated against. Ninety percent of the people surveyed reported mistreatment or harassment at work. Forty-one percent had contemplated suicide. Compare that to the 1.6 percent of the entire U.S. population. The Human Rights Campaign (the organization behind all those red equality signs on Facebook) may be great at social media campaigning, but they still censor their image. The organization recently released an apology for asking a trans activist to remove a trans pride flag from behind the podium. Earlier fights for sexual orientation rights have left gender equality in the shadows. As the debate over marriage equality continues, it remains to be seen if the government will acknowledge the T. By Ashira Morris
COLUMN / COPY CATS
COPY CATS What articles, gadgets, and things TFP editors are reading, discovering, and listening to now.
Sum of Our Parts #1 Description: Sum of Our Parts #1 is the first zine from the local Gainesville chapter of the feminist group National Women’s Liberation. The zine features stories on the history of feminism in Gainesville, feminist culture articles on women in music, art and movies as well as an article from UF Graduate Assistants United women on their bargaining victory for family medical leave. Quote from “Feminist Movies We Love to Watch”: “The chick flicks Hollywood tries to sell us are in fact not good for women. They fail to promote the idea that women are sentient human beings with similar humors, desires and thoughts as our fellow men. They do succeed in suggesting women get together and fight, or get together and discuss men, or do both at the same time.” If reading IRL, Google: National Women’s Liberation If reading virtually: womensliberation.org
Listening to: PODCAST
Reality Bites Description: Every Saturday night from 9pm to 11pm on Gainesville-and-Internet-based Grow Radio, host Olli chooses a movie theme and brings you soundtrack songs from that movie theme. Most recent themes include “Queer,” “Lurve,” “Runaway,” and “90s Movies” which feature such movie-favorites as But I’m a Cheerleader, High Fidelity, Away We Go, and Girl, Interrupted. Bonus: If you discover a new movie from Reality Bites, odds are its at Video Rodeo waiting for you to check out. Olli would know, she works there. Quote from “Lurve”: “Today’s theme is lurve that’s l-u-r-v-e as in Woody’s Allen’s Annie Hall when she asks him if he loves her and he says, ‘Love is too weak a word for what I feel, I lurve you, I luff you, two ffs. Yes, I have to invent.’ So yeah, love songs, two hours of them. I’m sorry. Here we go.” If reading IRL, Google: Grow Radio Gainesville (then go to Shows, scroll, find and click Reality Bites) If reading virtually: http://bit.ly/YpxCnW
Image courtesy of the State Library of Queensland, Australia via Flickr Commons.
Highly Anticipating: CAMP
Gainesville Rock Camp for Girls Description: Rock Camp for Girls is a five-day camp from Aug. 5 Aug. 10 that aims to boost girls and young women’s self-esteem, confidence and bad-assness by learning instruments, rocking a mic and learning to be a female tour de force. Rock Camp for Girls, though a national organization, requires communities to run the first year themselves before getting recognition and assistance on the national level. Gainesville women and music enthusiasts are already fundraising, advertising and organizing volunteer meetings. To get involved, find the next volunteer meeting at their website below. Bonus: The camp culminates in a showcase of the girls’ bands and music at 1982 Video Game Bar and Venue on Aug. 10, 2013. If reading IRL, Google: Girls Rock Camp Gainesville If reading virtually: rockcampforgirlsgainesville.blogspot.com
THINKING ABOUT THE MILITARY? MAKE AN INFORMED CHOICE. ADVICE FROM VETERANS ON MILITARY SERVICE AND RECRUITING PRACTICES
A Resource Guide F or Young People Considering Enlistment http://www.afn.org/~vetpeace/ Gainesville
Chapter 14 Summer 2013 | T H E F I N E P R I N T | 05
COLUMN / MONTHLY MANIFESTO
Bringing the community back to its roots BY ANNA PRIZZIA Whether they are working the fields of their sustainable flower and herb farm, helping restaurants source local food or organizing a seed exchange for Gainesville’s own gardening network and seed library, Grow Gainesville, the founders of Forage, are always up to something! Melissa DeSa and Anna Prizzia launched Forage early in 2012 after many years of grassroots work with the passion and purpose of growing, supporting and sustaining North Florida’s local food movement. For them, the connection between nature, conservation and food is integral. Forage’s many diverse programs seek to reconnect people to their food, to each other and to the natural world. The heart of Forage is the farm. Nestled on six acres at the Prairie Creek Conservation Area, the rows of flowers and herbs are the perfect site to build community and reunite people with the natural world. Volunteers come out every week to experience farming and get dirt under their nails. The gorgeous harvests provide a sustainable and local alternative for flowers that help support Forage programs. One of these programs is Grow Gainesville, a virtual (facebook and web) and physical space for gardeners to share information, training, resources and their most precious commodity, seeds. The Grow Gainesville seed library provides a means for local gardeners to collectively bulk-purchase seeds that grow well here in North Florida, saving money on seasonal seed purchases. Additionally, it is a place where locally saved seed can be donated and stored for distribution to other gardeners. The long-term goal is to promote and encourage seed saving techniques to protect 06 | T H E
and increase locally adapted seed varieties. Hands-on workshops and events like “Building Pollinator Habitats,” or “The Basics of Fermentation” are another way Forage provides opportunities to learn practical skills and connect the community to its food system. Engaging youth in the important work of farming and food is integral to Forage’s mission. By working with the Kids Count Friday enrichment program, Forage volunteers help children tend a garden and
FORAGE’S MANY DIVERSE PROGRAMS SEEK TO RECONNECT PEOPLE TO THEIR FOOD, TO EACH OTHER AND TO THE NATURAL WORLD. engage them in activity and play related to food and healthy eating. Yet one more way Forge fosters local food connections is the Farm to Restaurant program. This collaboration between Forage and a sister organization, Blue Oven Kitchens, is an annual event that provides networking opportunities and educational sessions for farmers, distributors, chefs and restaurateurs. Now in its fourth year, this effort has increased sales of local food to restaurants by over $30,000. Thanks to Forage’s board, the many partnerships with local organizations like Alachua Conservation Trust and Slow Food Gainesville and the love and commitment of amazing volunteers, the fledgling year of Forage has been a huge success. For individuals, businesses or community partners interested in participating with Forage, please contact Anna Prizzia at anna@ foragefarm.org. You may also visit http:// www.foragefarm.org or their facebook page — http://www.facebook.com/foragefarm to learn more.
COLUMN / READ UP, CHOW DOWN THE JONES B-SIDE SW 2nd Ave Gainesville, FL (352) 371 - 7999 Facebook: The Jones B-Side Email: email@example.com THE RECIPE 1 1/2 oz. whiskey Freshly grated ginger 3 oz. Fresh squeezed sour mix Dash of simple syrup Fill a 10 oz. rocks glass with ice to the brim and pour it all in.
FEATURED RECIPE: THE JONE’S B-SIDE “THE DIXIE HOTEL” COCKTAIL TEXT BY RAAMISH KARATELA / ILLUSTRATIONS BY KELLI MCADAMS PHOTO BY MELANIE BRKICH So, The Jones B-side hosts Drag Queen Bingo every Monday evening, and that’s pretty cool. Maybe you’ve even been, had a couple drinks, gotten a little wild. But have you noticed the drinks you’re sippin’ are locally-sourced from places like Swamp Head Brewery and other nearby distilleries? The B-side watering hole keeps it traditional, but also tries to infuse a personal touch of originality into their drinks. Audrey Dingeman, their bar manager, says they like to get creative by putting their own spin on classic beverages with subtle yet tasteful variations. In their Vanilla Old-Fashioned, for example, they replace sugar cubes with house-made vanilla from whole vanilla beans. They’ve taken on the crowd favorite whiskey sour, too. Check out the recipe for this zingy elixir they’ve conjured up and shared with us!
Fancy it up! Garnish with candied ginger skewer.
SOUR MIX 1 1/2 cups water 1 1/2 cups sugar 1 cup freshly squeezed lemon juice 1 cup freshly squeezed lime juice 1. Boil water and sugar, stirring until dissolved. 2. Remove from heat and mix in juices. 3. Refrigerate.
EAT ME! I’m in season & fresh:
Tomatoes Watermelons Squash Peppers
Cantaloupes Eggplant Basil Zucchini
Cucumber Melons in general
Summer 2013 | T H E F I N E P R I N T | 07
COLUMN / FRANKLY SPEAKING
Frankly Speaking explores the Gainesville scene, our odd social cues and living in a transient town.
TEXT BY TYLER FRANCISCHINE / ART BY LILY NELSON
When I was in kindergarten, my teacher asked what I wanted to “be” when I grew up. I said a zookeeper. “Zookeeper?” the other snotnosed five-year-olds asked incredulously. “But that means you’ll scoop up poop!” “Dream big!” my teacher encouraged me. But I just wanted to hang out with elephants. Flash forward to the present. Have you ever scraped hours-old refried beans off a plate? It seems my current occupation as a waitress has a strange similarity with the career I was persuaded not to pursue long ago. 08 | T H E
From the day we enter school and the socialization process begins, the powers that be make us compromise. We must change our minds about what we want our lives to be. We must compromise our interests, our desires, our very identities to serve whatever role society assigns to us. My mother says this process continues long after our twenties are over. “Just wait until you get married and have kids,” she reassures me. “Every second of every day will be a compromise.” We compromise at school. We can’t take the Russian literature class we’re dying to take because we have to take statistics for our majors. We have to put on hold the things we want to learn because our study materials have been prescribed to us. We compromise at work. I write for the Gainesville Sun (and I love it), but I can’t write exactly how I’d like to, because the Sun’s readership wouldn’t take kindly to my penchant for swear words or my desire to work a “Cheers” reference into every article I produce. Ergo, compromise. I face the most compromise at my waitressing job. I am required to adhere to a strict code of behavior and appearance. I must tie my unruly, wavy hair back. I must smile often, and widely, even if I am being disrespected by an ignoramus of a customer. I must take pains to change my voice so that it resembles something more soft and feminine because no one wants to be served food from
COLUMN / FRANKLY SPEAKING someone with a remarkable lack of inflection in her voice. Maybe I have an intrinsic desire to rebel, something in my nature forcing me to reject those ideas the majority holds dear. But I can’t help but feel offended when I am asked to compromise my very identity to better suit those in charge of my environment. And there are always going to be others setting guidelines for us: teachers, parents, bosses. So this column, which is inevitably two parts complaining and one part problem-solving, is a call to action. If I didn’t hate him so much, I’d imagine a Bruce Springsteen song playing triumphantly in the background. Our twenties are only the first onslaught of compromises. So, we must keep our heads up. We can’t lose ourselves completely in the Compromise. We must keep reading, keep writing, keep doing whatever it is that we love to do — even as our free time becomes more and more sparse — because we have to hold on to who we are. We feel we must submit to the Compromise because the alternative, circumventing it altogether, scares us. Once we leave the safety net of the System, in which every action has a predictable result, there’s no telling where our lives can go. My friend David made the choice a couple years ago to quit college and pursue his dream: creating music. Though he faced disapproval from others (myself included), he felt that creative fulfillment of his dreams mattered more than getting the diploma he was supposed to get. A couple months ago, his band released its first al-
bum, which served as an official “Fuck you” to those who doubted his choice. “I figured if I loved something so much, then it wouldn’t matter what other people thought,” he told me. “I don’t have any regrets. I know I would have had regrets had I not made that choice.” To be clear, this is a compromise between reality and the truth. The reality of life is that certain things are expected of us, and not all of them are things we want to do or even feel comfortable doing. The truth is all the experiences and traits that make up our personalities, our very beings. The truth is what’s being compromised because, well, reality bites. By its very nature, a compromise means both parties lose. But we can win in the Big C by staying true to ourselves. Albeit a small victory, maintaining the truth about our identities and desires will strengthen us to continue the fight. I know this will sound too Caulfield-esque, but genuinely being ourselves and choosing what parts of ourselves we refuse to compromise sounds infinitely better than becoming a bunch of phonies so we can collect a few more tiny bits of green paper at the end of the day. Of course, there are those lucky sons-of-bitches who never have to face the big C. They land their dream jobs right out of college and live the lives they have always desired. God bless ‘em. For the rest of us toiling away in classes we hate or at jobs that leave us lacking, at least we’re building character. And that looks good on a resume, right?
“DREAM BIG!” my teacher encouraged me. But I just wanted to hang out with elephants. Summer 2013 | T H E
FOR THE RECORD Reviews of local bands, the next big thing, and all your friends.
Morrningbell from L to R: Eric Atria, Stacie Atria, Chris Hillman and Travis Atria. Photo by Chris Hillman.
// Morningbell Travis Atria// guitar and vocals Stacie Atria// keyboard, misc. percussion
Epic experimental psychedelia Release Date// May 21, 2013 Recorded at// Makeshift studio in musician’s houses Sounds like// The Flaming Lips, Talking Heads Inspiration// The Beatles, Claude Debussy, Curtis Mayfield Key tracks// “We Have Eyes,” “Bôa Noite” Where to get it// morningbellonline.com/boanoite Upcoming shows// See facebook.com/morningbellgvl
Perhaps Bôa Noite’s most remarkable surprise comes from the sampling of over 20 featured Gainesville musicians in order to piece together a full and triumphant orchestra, providing many of their songs with grandiose choral symphonies, jungly tropical rhythms and eerie conclusions of dissonant violins. Some songs contain as many as 150 instrumental tracks layered over each other. Just one listen alone will not be enough to notice the vast diversity of sounds on this album. Sampling everything from a basketball bounce for a bass drum to
10 | T H E F I N E P R I N T | thefineprintuf.org
Eric Atria// bass Chris Hillman// drums
west African folk music, Morningbell has succeeded in creating a colorful and complicated masterpiece. Some would say that Bôa Noite is proof that Morningbell has finally achieved some sort of stable musical identity as a group, but Travis Atria would disagree. “We’re not just a band trying to find its sound, like the critics say,” He said. “What’s the fun in having a definite “sound”? That sounds boring to me.” They constantly challenge themselves to evolve from their previous music, accumulating different sources of
If you’d like to see your band reviewed in For The Record or if you want to be considered to play at our next benefit show, email firstname.lastname@example.org and let us know.
inspiration and experimenting with new genres. One may notice the distinct Debussy influences in the introductions of some songs or the Brazillian samba beats that fill out others. Bôa Noite can be considered Morningbell’s most ambitious and transcendental album yet, saying “goodbye” (or “good night”, which is what the title means in Portuguese) to their previous indie pop rock sounds as they move forward with an infinite reservoir of creative vigor.
BY EMMA ROULETTE
COLUMN / FOR THE RECORD
PLANES // Far Away Planes John Ketcham// vocals & guitar John Stoltz// guitar Kevin Biegler// drums
Danceable math rock Release Date// Late May 2013 Recorded at// Crescendo Studio Sounds like// 2 Door Cinema Club, Foals Inspiration// Queen, Miles Davis, The Smashing Pumpkins Key tracks// “Hammy,” “Waiting for Glen Feliz” Where to get it// farawayplanes1.bandcamp.com Upcoming shows// See facebook.com/farawayplanes
Macabre acoustic hip-hop Release Date// Late May 2013 Recorded at// A dusty old shed in Melrose, Fl Sounds like// Bob Dylan, WHY? Inspiration// Bob Waits, music from early 1900s, Horror Movies Key tracks// “Bellevue Boy,” “The Devil’s Bagel” Where to get it// rustycage. bandcamp.com Upcoming Shows// See facebook.com/RustyCageMusic
Luke Sipka// keyboard Tim Anderson// bass
Far Away Planes is back with more danceable, singable and get-stuck-in-your-head-able tunes. Their new self-titled EP takes listeners to new heights, soaring through an atmosphere of catchy melodies, lively percussion and layers upon layers of complex guitar riffs. Each song on the EP attests to their mastery of upbeat indie pop rock anthems. If you have seen Far Away Planes more than once, you may have noticed that their performances sounded vastly different “No two shows we play are ever the same,” said John. “Kinda like the songs on our EP.” This variety comes from their loyalty to spontaneity, a force that drives much of their creative process. Song lyrics are rarely planned and “most of
the songs are named after stupid things that we said or did that day,” said Luke. (One is actually named “Hey, I Brought Wine”.) This way, through their music and lyrics, they are able to suspend their own cinematic moments in time. Faraway Planes may create songs that appear to be solely catchy and energetic, but a closer listen will lead you to lyrics reverberating with earthly emotion. They try to stray away from the basic pop rock formula, creating distinctly progressive and mathrock vibes while striving to distinguish themselves from Gainesville’s countless punk bands.
BY EMMA ROULETTE
// Rusty Cage Ben Steele
If you think Rusty Cage is just another generic upbeat folk musician, you’d be dead wrong. While some songs in his new self-titled EP do revisit the realm of the classic singer-songwriter, others offer a fresh interpretation of hip hop as a genre. Of course, underneath the distinct beats and swiftly delivered lyrics are Rusty Cage’s own defining sounds: tambourines, old-fashioned pianos, and playful, bouncy melodies. But that’s not the only thing that sets Rusty Cage apart from the folk world. Many songs involve some sort of morbid twist. You shouldn’t be surprised if a happy folk song suddenly hints at a girl chopping off her fingers or cheerfully refers to the interior of an insane asylum. At first, “The Devil’s Bagel” seems to be only a quaint observation of a diner at 2 AM, but once “the man in the back with the black hat says ‘Let the show begin’”, a violent and bloody scene ensues, reminiscent of a typical Shakespearean bloodbath at the end
of one of his tragedies. However, bright melodies and humor accompany the disturbing lyrics. Songs about psych wards can be paired with ukuleles and melodies as catchy as a radio commercial jingle from the 1950’s. Rusty Cage’s style is similar to that of a riveting macabre comic book in musical form. You might be disturbed, but you definitely won’t be able to stop yourself from listening.
BY EMMA ROULETTE
Summer 2013 | T H E
COLUMN / OFFICE SPACE
TEXT BY LAUREN JADOTTE PHOTOS BY MELANIE BRKICH
12 | T H E
Full-time political scholar, part-time Africanist: that’s Professor Dan Smith. In his Anderson Hall office, crowded shelves are lined with the weathered bindings of books. African tapestries and family snapshots cover the walls. Smith’s desk is an intersection point for his two passions, United States politics and the African continent. His scholarly finds have been celebrated in the political science realm. He has published over 40 scholarly articles and chapters and authored three books. As successful as Smith has become in political science studies, his passions were not always clear. Like many college students, he struggled with the question of “what he wanted to do” during his undergraduate years. “I really didn’t know what I wanted to do,” Smith said. “All I knew was that I really liked bullshitting. I liked sitting around and thinking about political theories.” And with that thought, a political scholar was born. P R I N T | thefineprintuf.org
PROFESSOR: Dan Smith OFFICE: 003 Anderson Hall DEPARTMENT: Political Science CLASSES THIS SEMESTER: State and Local Politics (POS 2112)
COLUMN / OFFICE SPACE FAMILY PHOTOS
Snapshots of a smiling woman, a giggling girl and a lively boy atop of the shoulders of a playful-looking Smith are the focal points of a wall of photos adjacent to his desk. He describes them to be mere “snaps” of his family’s life — they are not recent photos. The most intriguing picture of the bunch is a photo of Smith’s father at a political rally in Washington, D.C. wearing a sign that reads, “What Would Jesus Bomb?” His father is not the type to attend such events, which is why Smith finds having a visual of the rare occurrence so satisfying. “These photos give me a sense of balance. They remind me to work hard, but to also appreciate what I already have,” he said.
ROSTER OF CANDIDATES FROM THE DECEMBER 2000 ELECTIONS IN GHANA
2002 MIKE KEEFE ILLUSTRATION FOR THE ARTICLE “THE MILLIONAIRES CLUB” IN THE DENVER POST Smith contributed to the Denver Post in 2002 in the article “The Millionaires Club.” Artist Mike Keefe created a witty illustration, which was a play on the Monopoly board game, that accompanied the article. A bartering agreement was made between the two where Smith traded his book “Tax Crusaders” for Keefe’s illustration. “I think I got the better side of the deal,” Smith said.
Smith served as a Senior Fulbright scholar in Ghana from 2000 to 2001. During his time there, he wrote on issues in contemporary Ghana politics such as electoral irregularities and redistricting. He has spent three full years in Africa. His wife, Brenda Chalfin, a University of Florida anthropology and African studies professor, visits Africa quite often for her anthropological ventures. “I have been a part-africanist on my wife’s coat tails for 20 years now,” Smith said. The roster that hangs framed in Smith’s office shows the breakdown of the candidates and their political platforms. This election marked a peaceful transition from one political party to another. “Africa is a big part of me,” Smith said. “It’s so radically different that it gets me thinking about the U.S. through a different lens. It [Africa] is so raw and overt.”
Summer 2013 | T H E
raw truth the
BY CHARLENE HEWLITT Some like it raw — milk that is. If you’re a human, though, it might feel strange to drink something labeled “for pet consumption only.” It’s a loophole that farmers have to use in order to sell unpasteurized milk to consumers. “It don’t make sense to me,” said Chris Campbell, an employee of Wainwright Dairy, a family farm that sells both raw and pasteurized dairy products. “I can sell rawmilk cheese and nobody cares about that, but the milk itself has to be labeled.” The company’s cheese is aged for 60 days below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, which keeps bacteria from growing. But to kill bacteria, such as E. coli, the United States Department of Agriculture recommends heating foods to 140 degrees Fahrenheit. That heating process is known as pasteurization. Raw milk, on the other hand, is exactly what it sounds like: milk straight from the cow’s udders — nothing added. Since the raw-milk cheese is refrigerated for nearly two months, does that make it less dangerous? According to Mary Sowerby, IFAS extension agent, “Aged (over three months) raw-milk cheese has usually had enough salt added for preservation to kill most pathogens.” Raw-milk cheese that is not aged is on par with raw milk, she added. Wainwright Dairy’s pasteurized milk is heated to 145 degrees Fahrenheit for 30 minutes, the least allowed by law, Campbell 14 | T H E
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said. Keeping milk as close to its natural state as possible is better for you and tastes better, he said. The farm doesn’t skimp on feeding its cows either. Crops are grown year-round for the cattle to graze on. In the winter, the cows get rye grass. Other times of year, the cattle are supplemented with corn, but not the dried kernels that have been stockpiled in a silo. Carl Wainwright, the owner of the farm, travels to purchase non-geneticallymodified corn from Amish people. When it’s harvested, the entire plant, including the leaves and stalks, are ground up into a product known as silage.
It might feel strange to drink something labeled “for pet consumption only.” It’s a loophole that farmers have to use in order to sell unpasteurized milk to consumers. Sowerby grew up on a farm drinking raw milk herself. Since she encountered many of the same bacteria that the cows did, she said she built up the antibodies to prevent her from getting sick from common bacteria. Now that she knows the risk involved, she only drinks pasteurized milk. Sowerby said that when it comes to
raw milk, “ninety-nine percent of the time, you’re probably fine.” But then there’s that 1 percent of the time that you get something like E. coli or tuberculosis. While tuberculosis is virtually eradicated in livestock, she explained, it still exists in wildlife. When an infected deer or antelope grazes or urinates on the same grass that a dairy cow grazes on, the cow can become infected and the disease passed through its milk. Campbell, on the other hand, drinks raw milk. He said he wouldn’t tell anyone else to drink it; they’d have to make that decision for themselves. Even worse than pasteurizing milk, Campbell said, is the process of homogenizing milk. When milk is in its natural, non-homogenized state, the thicker cream rises to the top. Some people use that high-fat cream to make butter. But the dairy industry puts the milk under high pressure to break down the molecules, so that the nutritional content and flavor are consistent. While Campbell admits that he’s not an expert, in the research he’s done, he said that homogenization puts the milk molecule under so much pressure that it “breaks the fat molecules down to where your body can’t reject it.” For that reason, Wainwright Dairy does not sell homogenized milk. “God designed the stuff,” Campbell said. “Let it be.”
805 W. University Ave. Gainesville, FL 32601
Open 7-7 everyday! Music Jam every Friday night 6PM-late Bring your instruments and use ours
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Bike Storage $2-3/day
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bike sales and services
fresh fruit + veggie juice Summer 2013 | T H E
Homeward Bound TEXT AND PHOTOS BY MELANIE BRIKICH “Sit. Sit. Okay, stay.” Marcus Henry, 41, doesn’t spend his mandated service hours like most inmates. At the Florida Department of Corrections Gainesville Work Camp, he trains dogs. He’s spent one year and four months of his ten-year sentence working with the work camp’s Paws on Parole program. Paws on Parole is a partnership program between Alachua County Animal Services and the Gainesville Work Camp. In each of the program’s eight-week long sessions, prison inmates train an “academy” of rescued dogs to be adopted into new “forever homes,” meaning they will no longer be shuffled around. Henry usually calls dibs on the little ones like Ducky, his current dachshund-terrier mix. Ducky’s the seventh dog he’s trained; graduation and adoption are always bittersweet for him. A former corrections officer himself, Henry became addicted to pain pills after knee surgery, eventually going to illegal lengths to obtain more. “Thankfully I got caught,” Henry said. “You won’t often hear that. But this actually saved my life.” The most powerful thing about the program, 16 | T H E
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he said, is positive reinforcement for both the inmates and the dogs. Henry said the animals they train were often punished somehow without understanding why. “I know exactly what I did, but I also know this is my second chance. We are both on the same path.” Many of the trainee dogs are “at-risk” breeds, like pit bulls. People mistreat or abandon them based on the misconception that the dogs are violent. The inmates are fighting a similar stigma. Most of them are non-violent offenders, serving time for things like drug abuse, Animal Services officer Mike Kirby said. In the past, they would have to pay off their time doing roadside cleanup; now they have a chance to actually give something back to the community. Since its start in 2009, the program has graduated 150 dogs from 25 academies, all trained by inmates, with 100 percent of dogs being placed in “forever homes.” The success of the program has led to the creation of Paws on Parole Unleashed, the sister program at Alachua County jail, which enlists female inmates to train the dogs. Debra Scott, a detention officer who helped spearhead the Unleashed program, said it took
pushing through a lot of red tape, but two years after pitching the idea the persistence has paid off. Before Unleashed, women weren’t allowed to do work outside. “The only chores available for women before were things like laundry and working in the kitchen,” she said. “The men were given the ‘bigger jobs.’” Scott has been working closely with the dogs and their trainers since day one and has noticed an enormous change in the inmates. She has heard the women talking about going back to school and turning their lives around once they are done serving their time. “The women are learning behavior modification because they are teaching behavior modification.” Scott plans for Unleashed to expand in the future, but currently, the women’s program only has two trainers. On April 19, they graduated their first class of dogs. Saying goodbye at graduation is hard, but it’s not necessarily forever. Henry said that every one of his families has come back to later graduations to say hello with their dogs. “When I came into this, all I knew was I had to do the time,” he said. “Now I’m changing the lives of these families, my dogs, and my own.”
(Previous page) Louis Howard, 36, gives a command to his dog, Kate, of Academy 26 in the Paws on Parole program during a training session at the Florida Department of Corrections Gainesville Workcamp. (Left) One of the pit bulls of the Unleashed Program, Kenzi, greets Art Forgey of the Alachua County Sheriffâ€™s Office at the Alachua County Jail where the dogs are currently trained by women inmates.
(Above) Kenzi, a pit bull mix, jumps through the obstacle course the dogs use to train at the first womenâ€™s facility during the first Paws on Parole Unleashed graduation, where she was given to her adoptive family on April 19, 2013. (Right) Marcus Henry, 41, cradles the dachshund-terrier mix, Ducky, he is currently training with Paws on Parole. Henry has trained a total of seven dogs over the course of his time served at the Florida Department of Corrections Gainesville Workcamp.
Summer 2013 | T H E
BUSINESSES THAT CARE TEXT BY MARISSA GOLDBERG PHOTOS BY MARIA CORREA
If you can’t help but roll your eyes at yet another corporate espionage scandal or moneyhungry salesperson, take comfort in the fact that you have a friend. His name is Von Ruder (his friends call him Aspen) and he is the man behind
R E PA I R ,
“where you get more than a mechanic, you get a friend!” Aspen sits in the shade of his backyard, a bandana loosely tied around his head and a tattoo on each forearm. The ‘60s “peace and love” theme that decorates the cover of Aspen’s prosthetic leg is reflective of his soft-spoken,
18 | T H E
good-hearted nature. He is the only mechanic for the business he runs out of his home. He was inspired to start his own repair shop after his first encounter with the concept of “in-kind payment” and was humbled by the diversion from traditional capitalism. And what a diversion it is. On Kind Auto Repair’s website, there is a section listing the “barters” Aspen will accept in exchange for auto repair. Current listings: an inexpensive digital camera, a decent laptop and an acoustic guitar. Customers would be hard-pressed to find other establishments willing to barter in exchange for service. That tradition ran dry decades ago when people decided hard cash was of utmost value. Kind Auto Repair is different — it’s “not a servant to consumerism. It is an act of love,” says the shop’s website.
Aspen compares his personal experience with the corporate auto repair industry to the age-old game of “telephone,” where a message is passed along a line of people. The last player announces the message to the group which is usually very different from the original message. Aspen has experienced the same problem when a customer explains his problem to a service manager, who then relays the issue to the mechanic. “I was absolutely appalled at the ethics they adhere to,” Aspen said of the corporate automobile repair industry. “I’ve got a conscience; I have to be able to sleep at night.” Aspen is bringing it back to basics, encouraging his customers to stay and chat while he works on their cars. He offers some free services, including a free oil change if you bring your own oil and oil filter. Customers can
Here’s the inside scoop on like-minded business models in Gainesville! All of these businesses are making a significant impact on our local community — more proof that not all businesses are driven by the bottom line.
K A RT S
provides pedal-powered trailers for Gainesville Compost. Started by a University of Florida undergraduate, Kanner Karts manufactures bicycle trailers using reclaimed materials from local sources (when possible) and strives toward ecologically-sound manufacturing processes.
NW 39th Ave. Santa Fe College
is a community-owned market. It is a co-operative that provides the community with a member-owned-and-operated grocery store and creates an educational environment surrounding the food people eat.
engage in private auto maintenance and repair lessons or can borrow instructional DVDs for DIY-oriented fixes. “If I can help it, no one will have to walk,” Aspen said. “When you can’t afford it, you have to get creative.” About ten minutes down the road from Kind Auto Repair is the ARK SCHOOL OF FITNESS, a not-for-profit gym that offers sliding-scale memberships based on income. While traditional gyms showcase treadmills and free weights, The Ark offers group classes in Olympic weightlifting, calisthenics and rowing. The Ark fosters “a community based on the common interest of fitness,” Michael Espinosa, executive director and fitness coach, said.
K A N N E R
Espinosa, 28 and a recent UF grad, works with members to implement a balanced program of physical exercise, spiritual and mental health and nutrition. His mission is to make fitness education wholly accessible. “If I don’t make money, my mission doesn’t move forward,” Espinosa said. “When you’re honest with people about your needs as a business owner, they’re willing to support it...if they believe in the value of the mission.” A sliding-scale rate makes the services at The Ark accessible to people of all income levels. If prospective members show proof that they fall under at least 125% of the U.S. poverty guidelines for household income, they are qualified to receive a reduced membership rate. Other members can function as program benefactors and pay an increased rate in order
is a community-based nonprofit organization that serves as a resource for progressive grassroots activism and promotes public awareness in and around Alachua County. Its mission is to provide community access to information and points of view that are under-reported or distorted in the mainstream media.
is Florida’s last standing feminist and LGBTQ+ bookstore and online book vendor. Wild Iris offers tremendous support for local businesses and fosters a business that serves and celebrates all people.
CIVIC MEDIA CENTER
WILD IRIS BOOKS
SW 13Tth St.
is Gainesville’s first bicyclepowered compost company that gathers food waste from participating restaurants around town and distributes the waste to a local network of composting systems. Gainesville Compost benefits community gardens, home gardeners and urban farmers.
SW 34th St.
W. University Ave. Unive
3+7 Williston Rd.
No definitive location
to compensate for the reduced memberships. Prospective members are encouraged to join a free boot camp class to test out the services. In a world of constant transaction, interaction and instant satisfaction, people are often treated as consumers instead of individuals fulfilling their wants and needs. Luckily, there are a few good souls left in the retail world. These people run companies with more heart than greed. Customers, breathe easy; these companies recognize that you are a person, not a dollar sign. As Aspen puts it, “you can marry the idealism of social reform...with the ideal of capitalism. You can find a happy medium. You just can’t be selfish.”
Summer 2013 | T H E
Pick ‘Yo OWN
Pass up the grocery stores this summer and check out these local U-pick farms! BY ASHIRA MORRIS / ILLUSTRATIONS BY LILY NELSON
High Springs Orchard Where: 10804 N.W. State Road 45, High Springs, Florida 32643
What: Organic fruits and nuts, blueberries, asian pears, muscadine grapes, chestnuts, persimmons
Hours: 7 days/week during harvesting season, 10 a.m. - 6 p.m.
Where: 18120 N.E. State Road 26, Orange Heights, Florida 32640
What: Strawberries Hours: 9-5 Monday - Saturday while in season Prices: $1.25 per pound Contact: (352) 475-2015
Prices: May - mid July: Blueberries for $6.00/lb July - August: Asian Pears for $2.50/lb August - early September: Muscadine Grapes for $2.00/lb September - November: Chestnuts for $5.00/ lb unsorted, $6.00/lb(SM & MD), $7.00(L & XL) October - Novemember: Persimmons for $2.50/lb (astringent & non-astringent)
Contact: (352) 222-1343
Jonesville Persimmons Where: 116 NW 170th Street, Newberry, FL 32669 What: Persimmons, can buy fruit trees - peaches, berries, plums, nectarines, citrus, mulberry, jujubis!
Hours: Weekends and Monday - Friday by appointment
Prices: $1.20/pound Contact: 352–472-3928
20 | T H E F I N E P R I N T | thefineprintuf.org
Roger’s Farm Where: 3831 NW 156th Ave, Gainesville, FL 32609 What: Strawberries Hours: 8-6 Monday - Saturday while in season Prices: $1.25/pound Contact: (386) 462-2406
Locally Grown GAINESVILLE Looking to get out of town and back to the farm? Lucky for you! This semester, Robbie Cloud Guggenheimerrz, a local G-villian, gathered the foodies and homesteaders in town and founded Fieldtrips to Farms. They have been taking monthly trips since January. The group’s goal is education. Visitors learn about the farming process, how their food is produced and the work required to get that food from the farm to their fork. Locally grown food can be found being sold in Gainesville restaurants, at the multiple farmer’s markets in town and on the shelves the Citizen’s Coop. Other goals include getting others to try a little farming or urban homesteading on their own.They also want to get those restaurants and stores not yet on board with Gainesville’s Buy Local movement to get on the bandwagon and help Gainesville residents have access to eating more local food. On Jan. 9, the group had its first meeting by hosting a meetand-greet potluck party at The Jam, a local music venue. About a week later, they took their first trip to La La Land Farm and have hosted one trip a month since then.
Gainesville’s Fieldtrips to Farms TEXT BY RAIN ARANEDA ILLUSTRATION BY LILY NELSON
Around 20 people have been frequenting farms, homesteaders’ gardens and nurseries since the group began, but all are welcome and encouraged to come, said Robbie. The group and the idea have received great feedback from participants and growers, he said. The farmers often allow the group to participate in weeding or helping harvent the day they visit. Gainesville’s Fieldtrips to Farms takes trips on the third Sunday of the month at 3 p.m. This month, the group is visiting Farmer John’s place, a local grower those who shop at the Wednesday farmers market at Bo Diddley Plaza may recognize. He sets up his produce, seedlings and potted plants on the corner of the plaza outside of The Lunchbox. Field trips are already lined up all the way until February of 2014.
Join the Facebook group to see upcoming events! www.facebook.com/groups/FieldtripsToFarms/
Future Trips Little Bit Nursery Starke, FL Sunday, April 21, 2013
Rainbow Star Organic Farm Gainesville, FL Sunday, Aug. 18, 2013
Gaia Grove Eco-Camp Brooker, FL Sunday, Jan. 19, 2014
Frog Song Organics Hawthorne, FL Sunday, May 19, 2013
A & R Greens Nursery Gainesville, FL Sunday, Oct. 20, 2013
Siembra Farm Gainesville, FL Sunday, Feb. 16, 2014
Merry Springs Gainesville, FL Sunday, June 16, 2013
Porter Community Farm Gainesville, FL Sunday, Nov. 17, 2013
Corey’s Ranch Jonesville, FL Sunday, July 21, 2013
Forage Farm Gainesville, FL Sunday, Dec. 15, 2013
Summer 2013 | T H E
F I N E P R I N T | 21
Low-income health clinic comes to west Gainesville this fall TEXT BY BRITTANY BOKZAM ART BY EMMA ROULETTE When Lashelle Catlin’s 2-year-old daughter, Roshelle Smith, began suffering asthma attacks, the nearest health clinic was on the opposite side of the city. For Catlin, the news of Gainesville’s newest public health clinic, which is set to open in early fall, is more than a relief: it heralds an improved standard of living. Catlin said that many families in the southwest area of Gainesville, especially those with small children, will have a massive burden lifted by having this clinic. Now, they won’t have to take three different buses in a commute that lasts for an hour and a half to get proper and affordable treatment. The new clinic will offer treatment at a sliding fee scale based on income. Paul Myers, administrator of the Alachua County Health Department (ACHD), is confident that the clinic will improve the quality of life of thousands of residents, noting the area’s low socioeconomic level. “These services are very much needed,” Myers said. The next nearest primary and preventative care center, he said, is located on the east side of town. The distance is a major obstacle for many residents, often preventing them from getting the treatment they need. The clinic will act as a satellite of ACHD and will offer many of the same services, including primary care, preventative medicine, treatment for communicable diseases and sexually transmitted infections, family planning and immunizations. The project is a joint venture by the ACHD, the Southwest Area Advocacy Group (SWAG) and a host of other business and community partners. “It’s a partnership between the public and private sectors, individual groups and civic organizations that are making this a reality,” Myers said. SWAG spearheaded the project, advocating tirelessly for the opening of a clinic in the southwest area. 22 | T H E
They also run a family resource center that is located down the street. Dorothy Benson, SWAG chairwoman, is intimately familiar with the southwest area of Gainesville and can attest to the community’s strong need for a nearby clinic. “Everyone thinks that west Gainesville is this really healthy, wealthy area that doesn’t need any help,” she said. “And the reality is that it really does have some big social, health and education disparities that we need to pay attention to.” That area, said Benson, has the highest concentration of Medicaid births in Alachua County, which is an indication of poverty. It also has the highest concentration of babies born underweight. The new clinic will hugely improve the quality of
The new clinic will hugely improve the quality of life for people with no health insurance, providing them with access to preventive care. life for people with no health insurance, providing them with access to preventive care. “Folks will be able to manage chronic diseases by seeing a provider right here in the community,” Benson said. “We really expect it to cut down on unnecessary ER visits and unnecessary hospitalization.” The clinic will not belong exclusively to residents of southwest Gainesville, though. Anybody in Alachua County will be able to access the clinic. Eventually, they plan on seeing 6,000 patients per year. “It’s going to be a huge impact on the community,” Benson said. The clinic will be located at 816 SW 64th Terrace in a building owned by the Alachua County Government.
internship BY ASHLEY MILLER-SHAKED
You spend hours each week slaving away for months at a time. You feel your stomach growl and your head ache with frustration. The work is strenuous and the pay is nonexistent. You think of the impressive two inches you’ll soon be able to boast on your resume and tell yourself it’s worth it. But is it, really? A recent student advising survey found that roughly 85 percent of students consider having an internship either important or very important for their career. Only 40 percent, however, had actually interned somewhere. In many ways, having an internship is the golden ticket into that looming grey area of our futures known as “the workforce.” But that ticket comes at a price. Interns are often pushed to the bottom of the corporate food chain. This is especially true for unpaid interns — estimates for this eager workforce range from 500,000 to 1,000,000 every year. Unpaid positions marginalize low-income students, making way for only those students who can afford to work for free. The unwaged thirty to forty hours a week of a full-time internship allows little room for a second paid job. But sometimes, this isn’t a problem. For the fortunate students whose parents offer financial support for them to live in New York, Los Angeles or Chicago, the $0.00 salary is acceptable. Kristin Streaker, a fourth-year advertising major at UF, spent a summer interning in New York, but there was no way she could’ve done it for free. It’s New York — no one lives there for free. Streaker interned at Elle Magazine and fortunately for her, she was paid for her hard work. “While in New York, I met many unpaid interns who work endless hours and hold second jobs. It can be hard,” she said. In journalism, it’s difficult to come across a paid internship position. The fashion industry is even tougher. New York Fashion Week, in particular, is notorious for their use of interns’ unpaid and eager labor.
Gainesville holds its own Fashion Week in the springtime, “employing” more than forty interns a season, all of whom work for free. Because most of their money is generated from sponsorships, they work on a tight budget. Instead, they offer many opportunities in position advancement. The interns said the experience and networking was worth it. After all, this is what an internship is for. “I’d rather do something I that love, even if it is unpaid,” said Jennie Clark. Clark started out as part of Gainesville Fashion Week’s fleet of unpaid interns and is now an assistant producer for the event. “Experience is one of the most important — if not the most important — thing to have for your future career,” she said. But while the Gainesville Fashion Week interns are not paid, this isn’t New York. Rent isn’t pushing $1,000 a month and your [non-existant] metro card won’t run your wallet dry. These interns are more able to afford wageless work because they’re already living and studying here in Gainesville. Students fantasize about the bragging rights, the possible recommendation letter and the experience they’ll gain. And these are certainly all in reach, just only to the students — or the students’ parents — who can afford it. For the rest of us, best start scouting for that second or third part-time job.
GIFTHORSE LOCAL CLOTHING STORE
201 SE 2ND AVE #111 GIFTHORSEDOWNTOWN.COM
Summer 2013 | T H E F I N E P R I N T | 23
(Pictured) Charlie Lybrand tends to a hive of his European honey bees. 24 | T H E
F I N E P R I N T | thefineprintuf.org
Bees’ Needs TEXT BY KYLE HAYES ILLUSTRATIONS BY EMMA ROULETTE PHOTOS BY LILY WAN A major in philosophy could lead to a variety of careers, but beekeeping isn’t usually the first to come to mind. For Charlie Lybrand, however, the path from Socrates to honey bees made perfect sense. He says beekeeping has afforded him ample time to put his college education to use. “One of the things I enjoy about working with bees is the fact that I do it by myself,” Lybrand said. “It allows you more time to be contemplative.” Lybrand has been in beekeeping since 1977, when his love for honey sent him searching for his own hives. He planned on getting just two, but instead came home with eight. Since that day, he has maintained an intimate and active role in the honey bee business, specializing in honey production rather than crop Summer 2013 | T H E
FEATURE pollination. He’s raised his bees and watched them develop, tending to them through years of both growth and decline. The bee colonies, however, are still an indomitable force. “Bees have had a long-term relationship with humans, but in reality, there is an essence of them that is still wild. They never will be as domesticated as cows or horses,” said Lybrand. Through his 36 years as a beekeeper, he’s witnessed his business transform into a bustling apiary with, at times, up to 60 hives. The landscape of the industry, he’s noticed, has also drastically transformed. The crux of this transformation came in the eighties and would forever separate beekeeping into what Lybrand classifies as the “pre-mite” and “post-mite” eras. The Varroa mite invasions led to the nowwidespread crisis known as Colony Collapse Disorder, or CCD. The mites attach themselves to the bees, sucking out vital fluids and infecting them with viruses that wiped out massive numbers of their colonies. “It’s changed the level of production that we get out of the hives dramatically,” Lybrand said. “We used to average very close to 400 pounds of honey a year off of each colony. Now we’re working hard to get back up to 200 pounds.” The mites tore an industry wide open, instilling panic in the beekeepers who had no choice but to fight the mites. “Beekeepers stopped being just farmers who could sit back and enjoy their livelihood,” said David Westervelt, a chief inspector of apiaries in Florida. “They started having to treat their hives with pesticides and had to start finding treatments they could use to control the mites.” These new pesticides, brought in by large companies like Monsanto and Bayer, were employed with urgency to fight the Varroa mites, but many of them actually harmed the bees
26 | T H E F I N E P R I N T | thefineprintuf.org
themselves. “We’ve been at a war on both fronts,” Westervelt said. “You’re trying to keep the [pesticides] that were killing bees off the bees, and you’re trying to keep the ones that work and can control the Varroa mites.” The mite-fighting treatment, when ingested by bees, becomes just one
How a Bee Makes
HONEY Step 1
A female worker bee gathers nectar from nearby flowers, pollinating them in the process.
more drop in the cocktail of pesticides that bees are exposed to on a daily basis. “Almost every aspect of the honeybee’s life is coming into some contact with pesticides,” said Jeanette Klopchin, a research technician and Laboratory Manager for UF’s Honey Bee Research and Extension Laboratory. “The interaction between each of those pesticides and their effect
“We used to average very close to 400 pounds of honey a year off of each colony. Now we’re working hard to get back up to 200 pounds.” on the bees’ development is extremely complex.” Commercial-scale pollination has added to the deluge of problems bees are already facing. Many pollination farmers team up with mono-crop
agricultural industries like the almond producers in California because the partnership is more cost-effective. However, this partnership has brought along side effects, like the spread of weak under-utilized hives across the country and a reliance on Genetically Modified Organisms, or GMOs. These GMOs were designed to maximize production, often without concern for how the bees will be affected. “There hasn’t been any real research on the long term effects of GMO pollen on the bees or anyone else,” Klopchin said. Mono-crop pollination also alters the natural diet of honey bees — a diet that requires nutrition and diversity. In efforts to fix this, farmers are forced to provide soy-based, artificial feed to
Step 3 Step 3
The bee travels ba ck the hive and distrib to utes the invert ed necta r to young be es to hive ce as food, or lls for stora ge.
Step 2 The nectar is stored in the bee’s honey stomach, which contains enzymes that break down the sucrose into fructose and glucose. This process is called inversion.
Step 4 Due to the high temperature of the hive, water in the nectar evapora tes, forming honey.
Step 4 supplement the bees’ undernourished diet. “At the UF apiary, we don’t tend to do supplemental feeding,” Klopchin said. “I think nothing is better than what’s from nature. We don’t use pollen substitutes or honey substitutes or anything like that.” UF’s lab works to improve the health of Florida’s honeybees, including the use of RNA interference. This new technology manipulates the genes of the bees to try reduce the effects of pathogens and mites. While progress is being made, there has still been no effective way found to control the mites and curb their effects on colony collapse. While CCD brought the honey bee population to record lows across the nation, Florida has seen a remarkable resilience in its numbers. In the last five
or six years, the number of beekeepers has jumped from 900 to 3,000, and the number of colonies has grown from around 220,000 to 360,000. These gains are mostly attributable to small-scale beekeepers. These beekeepers, who have anywhere from 2 to 100 hives, offer a more natural, honey-centered alternative to the pollination farms that utilize GMOs, supplemental diets and pesticides. “The beekeepers that keep their bees in more natural or small-time organic farms probably have less problems with their bees than [those with] big farms that have a widespread aerial pesticide
spray,” Klopchin said. Small-scale beekeepers like Lybrand are also trying to combat the problem of mites themselves. “I’m slowly and progressively trying to genetically breed bees to come up with resistance to diseases,” Lybrand said. “The small-scale guys are the ones that come up with the innovations, and they know more about their bees from watching them more closely. They’re going to be what saves it in the long run.” With one-third of all food in the U.S. directly related to honey bee pollination, the survival of the bees is vital for the survival of the entire agricultural industry. “We’re all fighting for the same goal in the end,” Klopchin said. “We need to keep honey bees alive and productive and try to get rid of these mites before they get the better of us.”
Summer 2013 | T H E
TRUE BLOOD DEBUnkIng ThE RUmORS ThaT haTchED mUTanT mOSqUITOES BY SamanTha SchUYlER IllUSTRaTIOn BY Emma ROUlETTE When Ephraim Ragasa, UF/IFAS entomology graduate student, created a comprehensive article on the Psorophora cilia — a particularly large species of mosquito — he had no idea he would be contributing to the trendy, rolling cache of evidence that Florida is both bizarre and terrifying. Ragasa’s article was written as an assignment for a class and compiles information about the mosquito, commonly called the gallinipper, that had previously been scattered among various publications. Once the article was released online to the general public, it quickly caught the attention of the UF News Bureau. Both Ragasa and the bureau were struck by a particularly interesting feature: It was huge. What the subsequent wave of press failed to underscore was that, other than its size, the gallinipper is not unusual. Philip Kaufman, associate professor of veterinary entomology at the University of Florida who had assigned the article, spent his spring break answering phone calls from reporters around the nation. They were very interested in a UF News press release titled, “Huge aggressive mosquito may be abundant in Florida this summer, UF/IFAS expert warns.” Understandably, they wanted to know when the swarm would descend. Kaufman’s responses were
trimmed and incorporated into small, vaguely panicked articles. The Huffington Post titled one “‘Gallinipper’ Mosquito to Descend on Florida; Giant Insect ‘Goes After People,’ Hurts When it Bites,” and incorrectly reported its size as an “inch-long.” The Time Newsfeed warned the public to be wary about an impending
“I always tell people: When you see them, kind of look at them; appreciate them, before you smack ‘em dead.” “statewide infestation.” Reports favored words like “attack,” “invade,” “plague” and “strike.” “A lot of this got blown out of proportion,” Kaufman later said. “The story unfortunately became more about the mosquito challenge. [Ragasa’s] article became lost in it.” The spirit of Ragasa’s work, too, became lost in the urge to capitalize on latent fears. “The questions became more about mosquito control and damage caused by the mosquito
FEATURE rather than the biology…and what it represents,” Kaufman said. For Kaufman and Ragasa, the gallinipper is a glimpse into Florida before it was inhabited by humans. While the Asian tiger mosquito, the one urban Floridians most often encounter, has adapted to human presence, gallinippers are born and raised in rural, wooded environments and do not leave the place in which they were born. Because the gallinipper is a species generally untouched by humans, its presence shows an environment in its most natural state. “When you see this one, in essence, you’re in old Florida,” Kaufman said. Despite the many reports warning that Florida will face
an invasion, Ragasa pointed out that people living in urban areas will probably never encounter the mosquito. “You’d actually have to hike in the woods after a significant rainfall in the summer or early fall to encounter these ladies,” he said. And as for an invasion? “It’s a native species, so there’s no ‘invasion’ happening,” Kaufman said. Other misconceptions, such as its size, bite and rarity jolted through the general public, along with distressing, conflated descriptions. An article by LiveScience, later reposted by Science on NBC News, claimed that gallinippers were “One of the most ferocious insects you’ve ever heard of.” “We’re in a news…cycle
and no one wants to read the original thing,” Kaufman said. “And many of the reporters unfortunately didn’t go to the source, or even the press release, to get the information, and it was gleaned from others.” As a result, the gallinipper — native to Florida, infrequently seen in urban areas and, while persistent and aggressive, harmless — became a monsterbug, another nightmarish and unusual quality of Florida. Mutant mosquitoes seemed to logically follow a state that spawned Florida Man, The Python Challenge and a person who ate another person’s face. Ragasa recalls coming home from spring break, “looking at all of the reports and going, ‘oh, that’s not what we’re trying to write here.’”
It’s unfortunate that the story got out of hand, Kaufman said, but neither he nor Ragasa is worried about the gallinipper this summer, even if enough rainfall occurs to increase their numbers. In fact, the Asian tiger mosquito is of more concern, being a competent carrier of diseases dangerous to humans. The gallinipper, though large for a mosquito, is harmless. In fact, though Ragasa has felt their bite, he looks at them fondly. “Yeah, they’re blood suckers, but for us — for me — they’re very striking, very pretty mosquitoes,” Ragasa said. “I always tell people: When you see them, kind of look at them; appreciate them, before you smack ‘em dead.”
They’re the size of a quarter! They’re one inch in size! They’re 20 times the size of a normal mosquito!
They’re two thirds the width of a finger, about half an inch in length.
They can take a gallon in blood, hence the nickname “gallinipper.”
They take the normal amount of blood — when you donate blood, they only ask for a pint.
They can break your arm. Their bite feels like being knifed.
Nope! The bite feels like a pinprick. After all, they’re smaller than the width of your finger.
They come in a swarm on the heels of a hurricane or tropical storm.
They come following heavy rains because of the fresh water that’s deposited in the low lying habitats.
Floridians will be plagued by the mosquito; you’ll see them when you’re walking down the street.
Gallinippers, native to Florida, are born and remain in rural, heavily wooded regions.
They target humans.
They generally feed on cattle and deer and will only bite humans if they encounter them in their environment. Summer 2013 | T H E F I N E P R I N T | 29
n a t u r e ’s b u d g e t TEXT BY RAIN ARANEDA ILLUSTRATION BY LILY WAN The Gator Nation is getting greener. Thanks to We Are Neutral, an initiative of the local non-profit Earth Givers, the University of Florida became the first school in the National Collegiate Athletic Association to become carbon neutral. After offsetting the carbon emissions from one of its football games in 2007, UF decided to continue its partnership with We Are Neutral and offset the entire athletic program’s carbon footprint. In 2008, the entire football team went carbon neutral, and in 2009, UF began its initiative to offset all the carbon emissions associated with the traveling, facility uses and administrative aspects from all of its athletic programs. Then, in 2010, UF went even further and offset the carbon emissions related to the utilities for the O’Connell Center, the Phillips Center for the Performing
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Arts and the University Auditorium for the school’s spring graduation ceremony, making it UF’s first carbon neutral commencement. For only $542, UF offset 49 tons of carbon emissions. To accomplish this task, the carbon dioxide emissions from all of these activities are calculated and summed up by service providers — such as the International Carbon Bank and Exchange — as a carbon footprint, measured in tons of carbon. For each ton of carbon released to the atmosphere, We Are Neutral sells offsets to UF, or any other interested individual, business or organization, at approximately $12 per ton to help “neutralize” the emissions. These carbon offsets are purchased from a reserve, or carbon bank, that We Are Neutral has created through energy conservation and carbon sequestration projects, such as helping-low income communities make their homes more energy efficient through
weatherization projects and upgrades that include insulating AC units and water heater pipes, installing toilet tank bags, diverters and low-flow shower heads, as well as compact fluorescent light bulb exchanges. In addition to generating carbon credits, these upgrades help residents reduce or neutralize their carbon footprint and save money on their utility bill. Another method of providing carbon credits for purchase is through a partnership We Are Neutral has with the Alachua Conservation Trust. Through its Revolving Tree Fund, We Are Neutral purchases native Florida needle longleaf pine trees from the trust and plants them locally with the help of local volunteers. For each tree planted, one ton of carbon offsets are generated through restoration and sequestration projects that help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change impacts. The initiative has helped UF raise its sustainability ratings and get closer to its goal of becoming a carbon neutral campus by 2025. Generally, carbon offsetting programs are not implemented where emissions were generated. For example, a business or individual may buy carbon credits from a wind farm, solar array or tree plantation located in a different state. These programs allow the purchaser to offset emissions they may not be able to avoid generating or reducing through internal restructuring or lifestyle changes. However, with We Are Neutral’s locally focused model, the community initially impacted by the carbon emissions benefits
directly, making the program’s model unique. The trees provide carbon sequestration, cleaner air and cooler environments for outdoor activities, and the home upgrades help families living in the community. The organization’s co-founder, Jacob Cravey, hopes that this model
running. This year, We Are Neutral is also helping to make Bonnaroo, the renowned four-day music festival, carbon neutral. Their goal is to offset the entire event, as well as emissions generated by those who traveled to the event, through similar energy
With We Are Neutral’s locally focused model, the community initially impacted by the carbon emissions benefits directly, making the program’s model unique of “locally generated, locally applied” carbon offsetting will act as a model for others nationally, as well as help to build a stronger Gainesville community where residents and businesses are able to support and empower each other through their collective efforts towards carbon neutrality. Others in the community have also grabbed hold of the momentum being generated by We Are Neutral. Here at home, Gainesville’s annual environmental film festival, Cinema Verde, has offset the festival’s activities four times. Fest, Gainesville’s music festival, has offset its activities 5 years
saving and tree planting efforts in that community. The three-member We Are Neutral team, co-founder Jacob Cravey, Anna Sampson and Jacob Adams, plus its volunteers will also be offsetting their group’s carbon footprint when they travel to Tennessee for Bonnaroo this June. Not many businesses are happy with a net zero return, but in the case of We Are Neutral, that is exactly what they want to see. A whole lot of zeros.
Summer 2013 | T H E F I N E P R I N T | 31
OR COVER UP ? Final remediation plan for Superfund site awaits federal judge’s approval, but some citizens demand more BY LiLY WAN PhoToS CoURTESY oF RoBERT PEARCE The Stephen Foster neighborhood used to be an orange grove — rows upon rows of lush, green trees bearing sweet citrus fruits. Neighbors, some of whom are still living there today, would gather fruit for a freshly-picked snack or chat under the shade to pass an afternoon. This was the 1940s. Today, those rows of trees have been replaced by chain-linked fence bearing signs stamped in red: “WARNING! NO TRESPASSING! CONTAMINATED AREA.” The residents won’t plant, let alone eat, fruits or vegetables grown in their own backyard. They have been warned not to. The Florida Department of Health has advised anyone who comes in contact with the area’s soil or creek water to immediately and thoroughly wash their skin. The Stephen Foster neighborhood frames the westernmost side of the Cabot-Koppers Superfund site, one of the country’s most polluted hazardous waste sites as designated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, or EPA, in 1983. It all began in 1916, when a wood treatment facility, Koppers Industries, Inc., was established on the corner at Northeast 23rd Ave. and Northwest 2nd St. The facility, which was shut down in 2009, manufactured the telephone poles and railroad posts. They 32 | T H E F I N E P R I N T | thefineprintuf.org
were plastered in chemicals to preserve the wood. These toxins included arsenic, creosote, pentachlorophenol, dioxins and copper arsenate, which are classified as carcinogens, mutagens and teratogens. These chemicals have leached into the soil, nearby creeks and have even percolated into the superficial Hawthorne and Floridan aquifers. “You’re looking at a volume of contaminated soil that would fill literally several Ben Hill Griffin Stadiums,” said Robert Pearce, president of the Stephen Foster Neighborhood Association. Contaminants from the 90-acre Superfund site have been blamed for disease, water pollution and decimated property values. Farinda O’Steen, who has lived next to the superfund site since 1986, blames them for the death of husband, who passed in 2006, battling seven cancers and nearly $1 million in medical bills. ThE FiNAL DECiSioN Two years ago, the EPA resolved a final record of decision on the cleanup requirements for Koppers. It’s 703 pages long with an abridged version available as a three-page fact sheet. This February, the public submitted their final input on the consent decree to EPA representatives, who then forwarded it to federal court. While the final consent decree is a major milestone in the Koppers’ history, it is only the beginning. Implementation of this $90 million clean-up plan will begin once the consent decree is approved, however modified or intact the judge accepts it. Accounting for both on-site and offsite remediation, Scott Miller, the EPA remedial site manager for the CabotKoppers Superfund site, estimates the entire process will be completed in five years. The consent decree holds Beazer East, Koppers’ parent company, legally
FEATURE responsible for cleanup of the Koppers site and all polluted off-site soils, which are estimated to stretch as far as a twomile radius from the site, according to a study by a lab hired by environmental justice attorneys. Affected off-site properties, as outlined by the EPA, don’t extend quite as far. Their boundaries include roughly 100 homes, spanning from Northwest 23rd Ave. north to Northwest 32nd Ave. bound by Northwest 6th St. to the east and the Koppers property line to the west. Beazer East has resolved to remove six to 12 inches of soil on the affected properties and replace it with new soil. The properties will also be relandscaped according to the owner’s preferences. The contaminated soil will be moved across the fence to reside on the Koppers Superfund site under a “low-permeability cap/cover over the consolidation area,” as the decree
“Do you think that as a human being — as a mother, as a grandmother — that I would sell that house or rent it to another human being, knowing that it could make them sick? Knowing what it did to me and my family?” states, to protect against rain leaching and contaminant migration. “Eventually things leach, containers break down, and impermeable surface aren’t so impermeable,” local resident Amy Schwarzer told the EPA at the consent decree meeting. Miller said work on these sites won’t actually begin until December or January and should be entirely finished within the three to four weeks following. On-site contaminated soils will also be stored in this consolidation area,
surrounded by a vertical wall extending 65 feet down into the Hawthorne middle clay layer. 75 feet deeper lies the Floridan Aquifer — the source of drinking water for all residents of Alachua County, who make up just a fraction of the total 19.2 million Florida residents depending on this aquifer for drinking water. In 2003, arsenic was found at 30 parts per billion, three times higher than the federal drinking water standards. “We want our aquifer protected for all of the residents,” said Maria Parsons, a member of the Stephen Foster Neighborhood Protection Group. “We want the polluter to buy out our toxic homes so residents can stop suffering and start living again,” she told the EPA during February’s consent decree meeting. Some of the residents of Stephen Foster neighborhood don’t want to settle for merely a clean-up. They demand relocation. The EPA, however, has not made a buyout an easily accessible solution in Koppers’ case. “We have an option that allows for the voluntary purchase of homes between the private party and the individuals, if they come to some agreement,” Miller said. The EPA deals with Superfund sites under the presumption that they clean things up, not relocate people, he said. Yet, in the past, entire neighborhoods and even towns deemed too toxic for human health have been bought out and evacuated. This has happened with Superfund sites in Pensacola, Florida; Times Beach, Missouri; Niagara Falls, New York — the list goes on. A BleAk Future The future of the Koppers postremediation is looking gray — quite literally slated with concrete. The City of Gainesville has zoned the area for mixed-use development once Beazer East is done with the cleanup; it’ll soon be paved over with shops, apartments and offices. “It should be part of the city,” said City Commissioner Thomas Hawkins. “Changes to the site won’t prohibit future productive use or development. We really need to look at how that land
continued on next page... Summer 2013 | T H E F I N E P R I N T | 33
FEATURE ...continued from previous page use will be the best for the Gainesville community.” Miller sees the neighborhood being made better. Having lived there for 27 years, O’Steen is not so optimistic. “The place is turning into a slum,” she said. O’Steen’s heard it all. “Why don’t you just move?” people ask. The property values have been shredded, and even if someone wanted to buy her Koppers-side home, she’d have difficulty palming it off. “Do you think that as a human being — as a mother, as a grandmother — that I would sell that house or rent it to another human being, knowing that it could make them sick? Knowing what it did to me and my family?” Her home has become a burden. “[The remediation is] going to be messy,” said Pearce. “Nobody’s going to like it. But, it will last for a very short period of time and once it’s finished, it’s done and over and things will be clean. Life can get back to normal.” While things are en route to “normal,” the consent decree awaits approval and the EPA, Miller said, is doing the legwork. “The actual remediation is smallest part,” he said. “It’s the logistics of setting it up, receiving permissions and talking to people about how they want to undertake the remediation in their yards that is really the time-sensitive piece, and we are moving forward with that.” “In this case, you’re coming along after 100 years of little, if any,
A CABOT-KOPPERS T I M E L I N E “You’re coming along after 100 years of little, if any, environmental regulation and trying to clean up the mess. It becomes an extremely difficult process.” - Robert Pearce
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environmental regulation and trying to clean up the mess,” said Pearce. “It becomes an extremely difficult process.” The lasT word The official 30-day public comment period for the consent decree ended in March, but that doesn’t mean citizens are satisfied. Pearce advises any concerns and
“You’re looking at a volume of contaminated soil that would fill literally several Ben Hill Griffin Stadiums.” questions to be brought to the attention of the Alachua County Environmental Protection Department. Miller suggests citizens attend upcoming meetings with the community group Protect Gainesville Citizens. O’Steen’s advice? Fight. “We’re people in the wrong place in the right time,” she said. “Every little bit helps.”
Industrial operations begin at Cabot Carbon site
Industrial operations begin at Koppers site
FDER conducts biological survey on 2.8 miles of Hogtown Creek; Results show creek devoid of life 1.1 miles downstream of a site of illegal discharge
Installation of aquifer monitoring wells begins County and city commission urge EPA to expedite source remediation efforts Carcinogenic wood preservation chemicals (including arsenic) found at a concentration of 30 parts per billion (ppb). Federal drinking water standards limit arsenic to 10 ppb. EPA submits proposed remedy plan; plan is rescinded
Koppers ceases wood treatment operations
Record of Decision is finalized and exact clean-up plans are outlined.
Federal judge decides to enter or decline to enter the consent decree
Public gathers for consent decree meeting and concerns are sent to federal judge for consideration.
QUESTIONS OR CONCERNS?
Off-site remediation begins; remediation planned to take 3 - 4 weeks
Projected completion of all on-site and off-site remediation
Citizens should contact John Mousa, pollution prevention manager at Alachua County Environmental Protection Department, with questions or concerns. He serves as the local liaison between citizens and the EPA and can be reached by email at JJM@ alachuacounty.us or phone at (352) 264-6800. The EPAâ€™s Scott Miller can be contacted directly at miller. email@example.com.
EPA conducts preliminary studies on both sites
Cabot/Koppers Superfund site listed on National Priorities List (NPL)
EPA approves a remediation plan. Plan only partially implemented by Beazer East through installation of surface water and containment system.
Use of creosote completely phased out at Koppers
Summer 2013 | T H E F I N E P R I N T | 35
PROSE + POETRY
Gryllus assimilus By Katherine Gaffney
My babysitter told me that a cricket’s scratch was the earth’s finest song--that crickets do not get stuck in butter or dance on a button. They sing before, during, and after sex, rubbing the teeth of one wing along the other. They hear songs with their knees. My eight-year-old self thought that could not be love. Love needed lips and eyes. My fourth-grade teacher said that Abraham Lincoln carried a harmonica in his pocket, which he played for Mrs. Lincoln. I wonder if anyone found his “cricket,” fallen, as he was lifted from the floor of the theatre.
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y Kell ation b
PROSE + POETRY
After Neruda By Emily Moline
In your wide hot desert heart a soft dark cloud came over me, covered me from empty air. There I felt the center of a wind-filled room —not noise, twin formants weave and arch and tug at hairs like young snakes slide, or how you can see saguaro spires in their spines too.
Getting to the Great Work By Emily Moline
Like lumps of tender clay from mud, you’re three hearts thumping in time to a terrible remix and if loving you is wrong, then right away I don’t know what to do with hands made of brittle calcium and chipped on purpose by Myron when he raged because perfection’s not what sits in a softly lit bedroom, or on a stage set, legs crossed, or even when I smell you on the breeze (the power of suggestion or perfect dramatic timing, doesn’t matter), it’s like a clean museum suite with two big windows open onto the bay, and scene.
I realize it’s been weeks since anxious sheets twisted at my feet. Space has rhythm and volume, hands have intent, have sand beneath strong nails, diatoms that glow and live. My brain inflates haltingly: I think of you in sprints, sun pierced in parts by shade washing over hot skin.
If you tell me love is a rupture in reality, then I’ll say I think of it as a forest clearing from one dream ago too perfect to not be real. Here’s what I’ve been waiting for: ten pounds of gold that melt back into lead so I can really feel the cure.
Illustration by Kelli McAdams Summer 2013 | T H E F I N E P R I N T | 37
THE FINE PRINT’S EXCLUSIVE
C ROSSWORD PUZZLE CAREFULLY CRAFTED BY ALI BRODY
FIND THE SOLUTION @ WWW. THEFINEPRINTUF.ORG 38 | T H E
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DOWN 1. Card game with 13 spades laid out 2. Rover 3. Busy 4. Vegan cheese base 5. “R” in IRA 6. Head for 7. Liu Bolin’s signature 8. The Nutmeg State 9. Dynasty in power after the War of the Roses 10. Supporter of the cause 15. Rose Nylund’s hometown 17. Conan’s dog 18. Vatican attraction 19. Prepares to be shot 20. Warning 22. Second largest online retailer 24. Tickle 31. Commemorating 32. Whipple’s ‘Dirty Snowballs’ 33. “Infinite Jest” author 34. Supply of sudden wealth
37. Love affair 38. Score to shoot for 42. Comedian Pryor 43. Only non-mineral birthstone 46. “Give me a ___!” 49. Arabic word meaning “submission” or “surrender” 50. A young eel 53. “Am _ late?” 54. Turn green, say 56. Olber’s Paradox focus
ACROSS 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 21. 23. 25.
In time: Post Period of time Court plea, for short Charcoal and slate, e.g. Conniving debaters Card balance 1997 Roberto Benigni film They get you nowhere Fighting hard
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26. Parts of a tea set 27. Bulls’ home court 28. Look after 29. 1970 Literature Novelist 30. Binary digit for short 34. Adam Walsh’s father 35. “Leave the gun, take the cannolis.” Film 36. Dress option 39. When surfing 40. Balance provider, for short 41. Raised source of light 44. None of the above 45. Be economical with 47. What is more 48. Good consumed more as price rises 51. Cling(to) 52. Purple bloomer 55. Red army? 57. Meat substitute 58. Was considered special
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Summer 2013 | T H E
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