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DESIGN AND POLITICS

DESIGN AND POLITICS

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centre, they strongly suggest that such a centre – a Capital – may need to behave in a very different way than what we have been used to historically. CURRUMBIN That is: in the 21st century, the ideaTHEENGAGEMENT of 5&6 OCTOBER 2012 a fixed location with grand buildings and centralised power is not merely beginning to show its age. It is clearly coming outmoded, another form of political engagement is needed.

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Simulating The Process

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Could This Be Australia’s Next Capital?

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Historical Note: Canberra is sited between the two largest urban centres on the continent (neither of which, infamously, could countenance the other claiming national ‘Capital’ status), this was a compromise entirely characteristic of its time. Given the profound historical changes witnessed since then, it has generally worked well enough. Could Currumbin, a sleepy hollow on Queensland’s Gold Coast, be Australia’s next Capital? And even more radically, could Australia’s Capital rove around the country? These are the ground breaking ideas put forward by us, a collaboration of young planners and thinkers from Melbourne, called the Engagement Studio, in our submission to the international design competition CAPITheticAL. We believe our planning, urban design and city building can effect and be effected by politics and in particular our form of it – democratic politics. Further, politics, political processes and the ‘culture’ of politics be influenced by and influence planning, design and the city. These are compelling ideas which have tested and put under the microscope, in the Petri dish, so to speak, through the CAPITheticAL competition. Below is our story of an idea that could be applauded and embraced. This could be the whole country’s experience in the creation of a new Capital.

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of the discourse relating to built form and public realm where people and our ideas come together to produce rules and built form outcomes. Some prominent characters in this conversation regarding artarchitecture, public space and politics include Richard Serra, Rosalyn Deutsche, Alberto Giacometti, Martha Rosler and perhaps one could argue the Burley-Griffins themselves.

planned and developed. Sustainable city design and development provides an opportunity for cities to be planned and built in a way that manages resource consumption, natural resources, waste production and environmental impacts. Critical-thinking designers know that design is inherently political. Further, it is our belief design is not static, it has to evolve. What one designs has an ability to facilitate and discourage particular ways of being. In the same way that our public architecture often reflects the thinking and ethos of the time, we could consider how 100 years after the designed-establishment of Canberra, Australian contemporary politics could be a reflection of, whilst at the same time influence, the architecture of our Capital city.

BY HANNAH ARENDT

STATE POLITICAL EDITOR

The Roving Capital Initiative will reconnect our decision-makers with local communities enabling them to have a say about the way national and international issues affect those communities in place. A failing of a single, fixed national Capital is that the political system (bureaucracy and politicians) becomes removed from the people and the places they

POLITICAL REPORTER

The successful applicant city will be the first ‘Roving Capital’ under radical reforms to the Australian constitution following the 2012 referendum. The selected city will become home to the Senate and House of Representatives and respective government departments,

The Roving Capital Initiative was developed at the height of the political, economic and environmental crises that engulfed Australia four years ago. It is designed to bring the nation’s decision makers faceto-face with local communities around the country – and see firsthand how these national and global issues impact everyday Australians.

• It forces governments to be more reflexive and flexible - to see how a policy develops and responds on the ground, and enabling reflection and response to the outcomes as they occur. • It directs attention that stimulates ideas and investment, demonstrating innovative solutions to the key problems facing that local community which can be translated and transplanted nationally.

Why a Roving Capital?

FASTFACTS

BY HUNTER THOMPSON Canberra, Australia’s first national Capital, is one of the 20th century’s best examples of a planned political Capital. It reflects many of the characteristics of a post-industrial and post-colonial city that sought to establish a common identity for the newly federated states.

The moving investment will not only support and bolster the local economy but will showcase to the world how we can iteratively innovate to improve our government, our cities, our communities, our environment and our economy.

Periodically relocating the federal seat of power is a world first and reflects 21st century ideals of good government. It is hoped that the events leading up to establishing a new Capital would provide an opportunity for reinvigorating public participation in the political sphere.

plus essential administrative staff, for a period of 15 years, before the Capital moves to another location.

The Australian Government has invited cities and towns across the country to apply to be Australia’s next Capital city in 2030.

represent. Relocating the national Capital every 15 years can minimise this misalignment by strengthening the connection in several ways: • It brings political decision makers face-to-face, daily, with many issues facing Australians. • It places these decision makers physically closer to the consequences of problems facing communities and the consequences of policies and solutions (good and bad).

The Roving Capital is an opportunity for the nation to focus on dealing with national issues face-to-face.

BY SVEN CARTER

Citizens are encouraged to contact their local council with ideas about how their local region can respond to the the issue of sustainable city design and climate change.

If Capital cities symbolise national identity, promote national ideals and showcase national culture, then it is reasonable to ask two questions: What might a new national Capital for Australia look like in the 21st century? and how should a 21st century Capital respond to the shifts in the political, economic, social and environmental landscape that occurred over the last century?

The process – how will it work?

The first decade of the 21st century saw changes that forced Australians to reflect on the kind of identity, culture and ideals they wanted their Capital to reflect. At this time we also started to question the type of political power structures and decision making required to address fundamental questions and issues facing the nation.

Further, Australian cities in the 21st Century, like those globally, are confronted with new and emerging challenges. Today, like many cities in Australia, Canberra is one of the most liveable cities in the world. However, the city planning and development patterns of the past do not necessarily provide the most appropriate solutions to emerging issues and challenges. The impact of our cities on the natural environment, the use and depletion of resources, and the implications of climate change, have become the most significant influences on how cities are

THE NEW MONTHLY – DECEMBER 2012

PHASE 1: selection of national issues

The big issues are at the heart of the international design competition CAPITheticAL, a Centenary of Canberra project being presented by the ACT and Australian Governments with the support of the Australian Institute of Architects.

State Government & Local Council

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PHASE 3: shortlist of cities and lottery

YEAR 4

Lower House

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Who may be first? BY JO FEDERER Currumbin

Sources inside the Senate suggest that over the next two years, over 20 Local Government Areas will develop submissions to be the first Roving Capital – in particular, each will be responding to issues of sustainable city design and climate change in different ways. Some of the rumoured contenders include:

Darwin

Currumbin, as part of the larger urban area of the Gold Coast, is ideally placed to highlight the benefits of high speed rail as an alternative to carbon-intensive domestic air travel. It is at the frontline of needing to adapt to a changing climate, in particular sea-level rise. As a growing suburb, Currumbin is also a prime candidate for showcasing sustainable urban planning, with an emphasis on retrofitting buildings, promoting car-free transport and facilitating local food systems.

Darwin is a strong candidate for showcasing sustainable development in hot dry climates, and is keen to explore the potential for commercial, base-load solar energy generation. Darwin puts forward a compelling argument to bring the nation’s attention onto two of our most significant social issues – improving the quality of life for indigenous Australians and developing a more humane and inclusive response to refugees coming to Australia.

Mildura is tipped to explore ways to improve sustainability for Australia’s many inland regional centres that face unique challenges, compared with Capital and coastal cities. Selecting Mildura as Australia’s next national Capital would also bring decision makers faceto-face with the water crisis in the Murray Darling Basin, the pressures faced by farmers, and the decline of rural communities.

INSIDE

Over time, notions of governance and national identity are defined and re-defined in different places and at different times. Buildings by

National Capital cities are largely a 19th and 20th century concept. Three quarters of the world’s Capital cities in 2000 were not Capitals in 1900. In fact, throughout history the physical expression of a ‘Capital’ has changed with the rise (and fall) of empires, city-states and then nation-states. It has also changed with the growing urbanisation of the world’s population and changing notions of governance and decision-making. History shows how politics, power and symbolism were expressed in different forms of ‘Capital’. Examples include informal meeting places of tribal cultures, the relocation of medieval courts to different Palaces, and the assembly places of Rome’s direct democracy. More recent forms of ‘Capital’ include the Capital of the European Union, the open decision-making structures in Samoa, and the multiple Capitals of South Africa.

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2023: the year of living collaboratively

Capital Ideas Festival opens

cover story

grassroots design for Capital takes shape

The first stage of planning the Capital has brought people together to simply talk and discuss their thoughts.

New bottom-up interaction and decision-making

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Main tent of the Capital Ideas Festival (CIF)

Marcus Miessen, Mayor of Currumbin, at the Rotating Capital lottery announcement in Canberra on 12 December 2019:

Organised festivals will bring people together with music, food, talks and events.These have already been popular nation-wide, with diverse hosts and organisers that range from schools to industry groups, musicians and knitting circles.

Place based solutions to national and local problems

COMMUNITY REPORTER

The first CICs are currently being established. The CIC’s goal is to organise the ideas, desires and concerns of all Australians for their future capital city. These centres will serve as meeting places based in libraries, town halls,churches, schools and other appropriately retrofitable buildings.

Capital Ideas Festival and Events (CIF/E)

Process results in fun and vibrant decisionmaking

BY JANE JACOBS

Capital Ideas Centres (CIC)

This year will see renewed drive and energy to deliver Currumbin as the nation’s first Roving Capital. As we head towards 2030 (the first year of the roving Capital) we see this year kick off with another Capital Ideas Festival together with a range of events to begin a new phase in collaboration and consultation.

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“The community, both nationally and locally, must own their Capital city. It must represent the best aspects and the greatest ideas of the nation and its people. The Capital should inspire the country to achieve, to innovate and to lead as one.”

domain our pick of 2023’s most efficient homes

Ten CICs will be based in Currumbin, with at least one in every major city around Australia to harvest ideas and dialogue from all Australians. As well as establishing a new node of community participation, each Currumbin CIC will be ‘specialised’ in order to tackle a particular issue in a particular location, with experts and industry representatives available at each, and a programme of exhibitions, talks and workshops. Each CIC will also encourage broad discussion on various issues including sustainable city design and climate change.

The beachside Capital Ideas Centre (CIC) Density Prototypes Zones How to retrofit and sustainably house, employ and feed a city is a key question for Currumbin as the new Capital.

Grassroots design for Capital takes shape Mangrove Rejuvenation

BY CAITLYN CHU

The adjacent plan shows some of the most developed ideas.

The first concept designs for a new Capital are taking shape. The new Capital is helping to deliver solutions to localised problems that can benefit the rest of the nation.

Current debate has focussed on the style, number and location of the parliament functions to be located in Currumbin. The most radical camp argues that no new infrastructure should be built, instead suggesting that only existing buildings close to the centre of the Gold Coast should be retrofitted. In this scenario parliamentarians would rely heavily on wireless communication negating the need for a new sitting parliament building.

POLITICAL REPORTER

• Would it be a city in the conventional sense or not? If not, what form might it take?

The Gold Coast is a catalyst for sustainable, appropriately located development and growth. This includes bold moves such as the removal of Coolangatta Airport and the creation of a national healthy parkland along the length of Currumbin River through land acquisition. This has been balanced with early ideas around prototype dwelling and food production zones, localised eco-tourism and world-class transit, including high speed rail, state of the art trams and a bike network.

• What ideas would drive its design and development?

Capital Ideas Centre (CIC) East Coast High Speed Rail Tram Cycle Route

The Currumbin Design Collective (CDC) have identified the opportunity for multiple prototype zones for face-toface innovation and investment. Design briefs for each density prototype have been generated through conversations

with the Mayors of Sydney, Melbourne and Perth as well as some second tier cities. The promised capital investment and new legislative mechanisms that Currumbin now enjoys is seen as a significant opportunity for on-the-ground responsive research and development.

Current opinion polls show that more moderate views have stronger support with 82% of people believing the building of a new cabinet building and offices in an iconic location on the shoreline is appropriate.

YOURVOICE

• How would 21st century social, political and environmental factors influence the nature of the city?

Janet Howard formally of Currumbin Riverside

Jaime Skywalker Currumbin South

Piper Greenman Currumbin North

Sam Boxal Sydney

Wendy Candy Currumbin Small Business Owner

I am outraged that this government would consider forcibly acquiring my land for the benefit of a swampy marsh land and some bloody marsupials! My husband and I moved to the Gold Coast to find a place where we can park our boat, our two cars and live in peace. The compensation may be market price, but we aren’t moving to these ridiculous ‘density prototype areas’ without a fight! I’m going straight to the local CIC to report my outrage tomorrow.

I’m thoroughly disappointed in the decision to remove the Gold Coast airport and force us to rely on the under-construction High Speed Rail line. I fly all the time for business and and pleasure, and this is just another stab in the back following those draconian domestic flight restrictions. Sure, I can fly in to Brisbane and take the HSR to Currumbin in 20 minutes and be in my bachelor pad in 30, but I used to be able to fly in and be there in 25!

I just want to congratulate the local and national community on the decision to create the big park down by the river. The places already reclaimed are so beautiful, they totally belong to the people, not just rich homeowners and yachts. The first campground is beautiful, so many different people meeting and talking about the Capital, watching the wildlife that’s come back to the area and just enjoying the space.

Finally we have a government doing something positive for transportation in this country. The High Speed Rail line will mean I can visit my daughter in Currumbin in a couple of hours, without the hassle and inconvenience of a full cavity search at the airport. I for one was very concerned about how a large country like Australia would cope with cutting down air travel, but the HSR has given me great hope. Let’s get it finished!

While I am fully supportive of the Capital program, and have been involved from a very early stage, I am concerned about what the changes to road design mean for my business. Car parking along my street is being drastically reduced, with the area becoming something called a ‘shared space’. My customers like their cars, they want to drive to my shop, buy my goods, and drive away! Why are politicians trying to hurt my business like this?

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• Of what should our national Capital consist?” 2

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Thursday 27 - 1 - 2030

Australia’s first President tours Roving Capital BY RAJ SINGH

Prime Minister Cullen and a selection of the local community, showed President Turnbull around the newly operating, world’s first, Roving Capital City. A packed itinerary (detailed below) saw the President begin his day at the Gathering Circle, visit the People’s Assembly (formerly

NEWS EDITOR

Yesterday was an auspicious day in the life of the nation.

parliament) and museum, take a tour of food production at the National Produce Garden, have lunch at the bustling downtown district, inspect the transport hub and finally attend meetings at local government departments, once home to the transport CIC (Capital Ideas Centre).

Capital Camping Ground

Our journey from initially becoming aware of the competition, to its final conclusion, has incorporated a number of events and landmarks, as illustrated below.

Capital Boulevard and the National Produce Market

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Capital Boulevard

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Capital Boulevard, tram and pedestrian walk Transit Centre

The National Chamber

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High Speed Rail

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National Produce Market and Garden

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Capital Gathering Circle

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21st September 2011

TEAM FORMATION BEGINS

T STUDIO ENGAGEMEN

UDIO ENT STENT STUDIO

EM ENGAG

COMPETITION FOUND

REGISTRATION

Marking the first official reception at the Gathering Circle, the Prime Minister formally welcomed the President to the Capital at the outdoor meeting space by the river, opposite the Welcome Peninsula. A traditional ‘Welcome to Country’ was performed prior to President Turnbull’s short speech, in which he reaffirmed Australia’s commitment to meeting its international carbon targets and renewed dedication to involving decision makers with issues of environmental policy. Further President Turnbull reaffirmed Australia’s desire for continued economic, social and cultural ties with South East Asia and the broader region stating that “a main driver for moving Australia’s capital further north was to reaffirm a continued strong commitment to our northern neighbours.”

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A Speech to Parliament 10.30am

Aussies praised for capital creation

5th September 2011 12th September 2011

The President and Prime Minister walked across the Welcome Bridge to the new Chambers building, stopping in the market to talk to local stall owners. The President addressed parliament, outlining and reaffirming Australia’s commitment to issue-based, direct democracy, and praising national and local communities for coming together to create a true Capital of the people, by the people and for the people. Here the Prime Minister remained, and a selection of the local community and schoolchildren, continued with the tour.

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A Wall Against Climate Change 11:15am

Wall walkers face reality of doing nothing

The President made some brief remarks at the Capital Sea Wall, noting sombrely that: “This wall was built to shield Currumbin from the rising of the oceans that we as a global community were able, but not willing, to stop. May it serve as a reminder of the dangers of inaction in the face of difficult and complicated problems to come.”

11 meetings 7 workshops for stage 1 submission

28th September 2011 Various DLA, Here Studio and ARUP staff

Meeting at the Gathering Circle 9:00am

Government renews green pledge

TEAM FINALISED 1ST TEAM MEETING

WORKSHOPS & MEETINGS

SUBMITTED STAGE 1

23rd May 2012

GEM ENGA

Simulating The Process

25th May 2012

CELEBRATION CATCH UP

13 meetings 2 workshops Let’s go to Currumbin... Woohoo!

STAGE 2 WORK STARTED 9th July 2012

6 meetings 7 workshops

Cableway

THE CURRUMBIN ENGAGEMENT

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Address to the Currumbin Design Collective 11.30am

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The National Produce Garden 12:00pm

Positive shifts to come

A visit to the ‘food bowl’, as its locally known, saw the President and Prime Minister inspect and sample the varieties of food currently grown at the garden. Here the Prime Minister announced a goal to have 50% of Australia’s food produced within 30km of where it is sold by 2040. The National Produce Garden has already inspired a huge return to localised food production, with reports from big supermarkets that community production is beginning to adversely affect their share price. The Prime Minister sharply restated that “in a more positive shift to come we hope to see a role for Australia’s food duopoly to support broad and dispersed regional supply-chains and add to our cross-landscape resilience.”

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Going Downtown 12.30pm

Lunch fit for a president

The President dined downtown from a menu of food grown and prepared exclusively within Currumbin. The bustling downtown area saw significant population growth in the lead-up to the Capital’s opening. This was following a slow start over the previous decade and compulsory acquisition of land to be returned to national parks. The area is a popular destination with parliamentarians and bureaucrats seeking lively, apartment style living in close proximity to work.

The Chamber Government + Ceremonial Town Centre Higher Density Living * * Different locations will prototype various densities, typologies, food production, etc

National Produce Garden National Camping Ground Emerging Industry + Innovation Mangrove Rejuvenation Riverside Lower Density Living Natural Landscape Transit Oriented Development East Coast High Speed Rail Cycle Route Tram

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A Modern Transport Hub 2.30pm

Full speed ahead

Having arrived by High Speed Rail (HSR) earlier in the morning, the President was given a tour of the multinodal, high tech hub later in the day. Despite initially low patronage, the hub now serves thousands of arrivals and departures by HSR per day, moving efficiently onto the local tram and bus network. The President met with representatives from the Department of Transport to discuss future transport needs in Currumbin.

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Visiting Politicians and Ministries 4:00pm

Leaders face up to thriving democracy

The President finally visited several offices in the transport ministry district, utilising the local tram network and even the new bike hire scheme. Many ministry offices already carry a strong history, having been used as locations for Capital Ideas Centres in the decade to 2030. The disparate ministry districts were a long-standing controversial option, as critics argued that they should be in close proximity to each other for efficiency. However the argument which won was for a series of highly digital and sustainably networked buildings that would at the end of this capital rotation, be easily converted into offices, apartments or community buildings. The networked ministries encourage politicians and public servants to really live in and be part of the community. Already more intensive districts are arising around the ministry hubs, forming new communities and identities.

Ambassador to Indonesia, the Honourable Mr Sudoyono

STAGE 2 SUBMISSION 30th November 2012

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oday Australians celebrated Currumbin’s tenth anniversary as the world’s first Roving Capital city.

On this anniversary creators, contributors and citizens reflect on the vision for the first of the nation’s Roving Capitals. The vision was for an issue-based, resilient, inclusive, democratically-directed, community created, Capital that inspires and serves as an example for towns and cities across Australia.

Gold Coast Bulletin 22 January 2040

The Roving Capital Initiative was introduced early this century when Australians sought a new era of government. The nation succeeded by delivering its first and vibrant Roving Capital in Currumbin, Queensland Currumbin is now one of four roving Capitals worldwide. Currumbin started as a place that chose to be, and is now, forever changed. As a demonstration for towns and cities across Australia, the process of 20 years (since the first announcement) has taught us much about successful sustainable city design. However, one last question remains: Will Currumbin

- a plan for the future Welcome Peninsula Culture & Learning Town Centre Higher Density Living * * Different locations will prototype various densities, typologies, food production, etc

National Produce Garden National Camping Ground Emerging Industry + Innovation Mangrove Rejuvenation Riverside Lower Density Living Natural Landscape

Cycle Route Tram

crumble as a relic Capital or remain a vibrant self-sufficient city? From day one, community-led, bottom-up design considered this legacy. Do we remain confident that once its turn is over and the responsibility of democracy passed on, Currumbin will continue to prosper as a vibrant city in its own right - and grow in ways we consider to be sustainable? Passing one decade of the issuebased Capital we reflect on where we have been and ask where we are yet to go.

BY GIL FLEMING

The Currumbin Design Collective’s submission for the legacy masterplan includes little surprises. In many ways it describes a business-asusual projection of Currumbin but without the politicians. Density prototype zones will continue to grow and connect. Ministry Districts are projected to continue as Activity Districts that will be supported through a series of incubator programmes and the development of a number of education institutions. The most significant change is a further increase in the area of National Parkland with the Capital Camping Ground set to increase by 20%, integrating a number of buildings adjacent to The Chamber. As planned into the original architectural design of The Chamber, the complex is to be converted into a Performing and Fine Arts Centre on the Capital Sea Wall. Notably no control on sprawl has yet been agreed upon.

March 2013

WINNER ANNOUNCED

Up Next: Alice Springs! BY JACQUI LONG In tomorrow’s Comment & Debate, Currumbin Design Collective

I’m a bit disappointed, when we won the lottery I was expecting we’d get some beautiful grand buildings into Currumbin but otherwise it’d stay about the same! But things have been much more gradual, and now there’s just a lot more people living in apartments! I’m not too happy about all these young people cycling around either. I am enjoying the local fruit and vege though, they’re much better than the supermarket stuff.

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Legacy of the Capital

5&6 OCTOBER 2012

Lesley Williams Currumbin Waters

I thought the photoops were a bit cheesy, but the President spoke well and honestly to the community face to face. I was very happy with the commitment to locally grown food as I’ve just opened the growing supplies store Capital Boulevard! I was happy both the Prime Minister and the President seemed interested in our concerns about the lack of rain and its affects on the local food production.

We are happy Australia is becoming a greater part of the South East Asian region.”

Looking back on 10 years as Australia’s first Roving Capital and forward to the future of Currumbin BY SCOTT LEE

Marianne King Currumbin Downtown

I am very pleased to pass on our heartiest congratulations to Australia from the people of Indonesia. We were skeptical of the Roving Capital Initiative when it was first announced, but I have informed our President of the progress being made in sustainable city design evident in Currumbin. We were pleased to have involvement in the design of our new Embassy here, and we hope the very Indonesian design serves the local community well after 2045. I personally thanked the Australian President today for his remarks about moving the Capital towards Indonesia and was grateful for his expression of friendship associated with this.

Transit Oriented Development

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Welcome Peninsula

Presidential gratitude for design collective

The President thanked the CDC for their work in creating the Capital. The association includes citizen architects, planners, designers and engineers who spent years working with international experts and the local community, to develop sustainable buildings and spaces that made the Gold Coast the most energy efficient city on earth. At the CDC the President was shown the final broad Concept Plan for the region which highlights how the various land uses and innovative governance, development, produce and recreation areas are interconnected with new high quality transport and best practice infrastructure (see plan right).

East Coast High Speed Rail

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Capital Sea Wall Arts Centre

COMMENT & DEBATE

WE ARE HERE

31st January 2012

SHORTLISTED TEAMS ANNOUNCED

04 ORGANIC FARM SHARE (Source: Filippa Araki)

Over the centuries, the attributes of Capital Cities have been integrated with other building blocks of a city. A national Capital has historically been a country’s largest and most populous city and home to a range of political, administrative and legislative agencies (such as heritage, arts, educational and cultural institutions), ceremonial events and economic activity. The national Capital’s power and symbolism were displayed through its built form, with nation-states investing in large iconic buildings and monuments to display wealth and power and national identity.

NEWS

17 February 2023 Volume 30

• Would you build a new Capital today or could the Australian Federation be expressed in a different way?

19th September 2011

03 CURRUMBIN BEACH

themselves do not create a national Capital. The ‘Capitalness’ is derived from the sense of identity and expression invested by its people at a particular point in time.

BY CHANDLER VIKI

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02 GOLD COAST CITY COUNCIL WORKSHOP

Solve current problems Be a catalyst for urban renewal Improve the mistakes made Leave behind a positive legacy

National Capitals change over time and place

A national Capital is typically the seat of political power and decision-making and a symbol of national identity.

The tour itinerary

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• • • •

HISTORICAL REPORTER

Mildura

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In response, Australians have resolved to create a roving, issue-based Capital to:

Phase 3. The House of Representatives will debate and select a shortlist of Capital city locations to be finally determined by a lottery.

FINAL LOTTERY

New Downtown

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Phase 2. States and Local Councils bid for the right to be Australia’s next Capital.

Phase 1. The Senate debates and selects the issue for national attention and invites states, cities and towns across the country to apply to and respond to those issues by hosting Australia’s next Capital.

PHASE 2: state & cities bid for capital

YEAR 2

“CAPITheticAL seeks to stimulate / revisit the kind of lively discussion and national debate that underpinned Canberra, but in a 21st century context. The competition challenges us to consider:

CAPITHETICAL – The Whole JOURNEY 02

In Australia, the multitude of challenges we face have led us to reconsider uses of technology, and virtual communication, and how we will approach the ongoing global financial meltdown, energy and water shortages, climate change, sea level rise, threats to biodiversity, a growing and ageing population, health and human rights crises (particularly for indigenous peoples) and refugees.

The 3 phase process and timeline is illustrated and described below:

Upper House

YEAR 1

BY JANE JACOBS

In all cultures there are rites of passage for young adults – a coming of age; a journey of discovery that encourages exposure to new and challenging experiences, exploration of various aspects of self, and reflection on where we have come from and who we are becoming. As we, as a nation, have grown there has been an increase in the complexity of pressing local issues and global debates that require robust discussions and solutions. These include: a decline in political engagement and a corresponding rise of the ‘sound bite’; poor national infrastructure; education reform; a need for food security; our treatment of refugees; our relationship with the Asia-Pacific; reconciliation; and the threat of climate change. These all require informed local and national debate.

Exhibitions and the establishment of Capital Ideas Centres around the nation. The consultative process will determine what and when infrastructure is required as well as what legacy will be left behind.

It is a 3 phase process involving all levels of government and an opportunity for all citizens to engage in the ‘big decisions’ through

COMMUNITY REPORTER

The Big Issues – The Politics of Design, Sustainable Cities and Our Coming of Age This nation is coming of age whilst at the same time facing new and complex challenges. With the rules of political engagement being radically changed and design being inherently political, new ways of designing and city building need to be explored. These big ideas are discussed below.

Given that design and politics are intimately linked it is important to note that in this era that political engagement is changing. We are seeing before our very eyes the balance between top-down and bottom-up governance rapidly shifting towards the latter: Consider the sudden emergence of disruptive, decentralised political movements such as Occupy, Wikileaks and the Arab Spring. These trends are not going away. While they may not immediately remove the need for a political community to have a

The politics of cities and public space is well established in public discourse and the arts. This is especially true

What happens when a group of young designers, planners and thinkers from Melbourne re-imagine Australia’s capital?

Invisible Cities, Italo Calvino

Gold Coast Bulletin Cities to bid for Roving Capital

The national Capital will be determined by how well a place can respond locally to national issues.

The CAPITheticAL Competition

The Engagement Studio

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Wednesday 25 -1 - 2016

goldcoast.com.au

Showcasing face-to-face Democracy

Deciding the Capital location and a program of ‘ground up’ events including Capital Ideas Festivals and its attributes

BY

“And yet I have constructed in my mind a model city from which all possible cities can be deduced”, Kublai said. “It contains everything corresponding to the norm. Since the cities that exist diverge in varying degree from the norm, I need only foresee the exceptions to the norm and calculate the most probable combinations.”

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President Amos Rappoport reviews the current planning process and early design ideas for the next Roving Capital, Alice Springs. With planning well underway including frequent digital meetings between Currumbin and Alice Springs, the complex challenge and responsibility of creating a sustainable legacy is being met. The Red Centre Capital provokes a series of very difficult questions about health, social equality and reconciliation.

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Are we achieving what we set out to achieve? BY RUPERT AUGER OPINION

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n 2016, shortly after China issued its famous CO2 per capita ultimatum to the world, the Australian Senate selected sustainable city design and climate change as the focal issues of the first Roving Capital. Currumbin ‘dreamed a dream’: “Maybe we could build an environmentally sustainable capital.” - But did Australians really believe that ten years on, Currumbin would also hold its own with economic, social and cultural powerhouses like Melbourne and Sydney?

Today, Currumbin and the Gold Coast boast headquarters for larger finance, technology and resource companies and smaller businesses have thrived. The growth of the region has gone beyond all expectations. It is undeniable that many are attracted by a mix of the region’s livability, climate, educated populace, generous national parkland, state of the art public transport and high speed rail connections. Now recognised internationally for sustainable models of transport, density and urban life, the city has improved air quality and the health of its citizens without losing the unique identity and character, so highly valued by locals. We are fitter and healthier than we were in 2020, and notably a lot wiser.

power of innovation that the most dense prototype zones now see the highest property value increases and the lowest per capita energy consumption. With five years to go as a Capital, Currumbin faces some very real challenges. It is an expensive city to live in, which forced out a large section of the community. While social housing programs are underway, many argue it is too little too late. The Senate’s decision to focus the next Capital on addressing the growing social inequalities in Australian cities, in many ways responds directly to some of Currumbin’s less successful ventures.

Another challenge is managing the transition from Roving Capital status to ‘city’ as population and demand for services threaten to decline. No-one is denying that ‘a dip’ is inevitable. Initial strategies include a staged program of increased social housing provision, increasing the city’s intake of climate refugees, regional tourism promotions and incentive programs for local businesses. Already Ministry offices and buildings are becoming self-sustaining districts of activity. It is planned that these buildings will eventually be incubators for future small businesses that continue to sustain these areas.

The region’s carbon output area is the lowest in Australia – achieved with localised energy generation programs, solar subsidies and trigeneration plants. In addition, the airport was replaced with high speed rail, a tram line, walking trails and bike paths. Density and urban food production prototyping has made the region a global pin-up for city dwelling design, but whether other Australian cities have the will and courage to learn from Currumbin’s wisdom is yet to be seen. Many agree that a lesson for the next Capital is certainly to work on ‘nationalising’ locally produced solutions.

Critics say that when the politicians leave, so will the force behind Currumbin’s success, but this dire vision seems more and more unlikely. The city has been on a path of powerful growth throughout the past 20 years in full knowledge of what the Roving Capital Initiative promises.Yes; the focus of the nation will move on, but the local, regional and national businesses here have established themselves in ways that seem long-standing and wellintegrated. With or without the seat of power, Currumbin, it seems, will be a sustainable, prosperous city when the exit strategy bears fruit. Entrenching this further is its connection to Asia which has brought together the people of Currumbin and many South East Asian nations, resulting in significant economic investment.

Significantly, Currumbin’s population has grown and pushed Gold Coast’s population to 1.5 million people, yet transition to capital status was not without hiccups. Population numbers fell when land was reclaimed and disgruntled residents moved out. Initially housing demand outstripped supply (though this was soon resolved by the development of density prototype zones). It is a testament to the

The first Roving Capital achieved the model’s goal of direct, issue-based, face-to-face democracy. It inspired our leaders and communities to achieve things we never could from Canberra. As we look to Roving Capital number 2 (Alice Springs) we must critically remember that each Capital has the potential to be better than the last and that solving problems with pride, initiative and resilience is an iterative process. 503f2c

See Overleaf - The Currumbin Engagement

STAGE ONE SUBMISSION

05 SOME OF THE ENGAGEMENT STUDIO TEAM

THE NEW MONTHLY – DECEMBER 2012

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The Engagement Studio Is Born

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Our team was born in November 2011. This is a collaborative consortium of design studios including David Lock OVER 64 Associates, Here Studio and ARUP PERSON 1 which became ‘The Engagement Studio’. So far the team has been shortlisted in the international CAPITheticAL competition – see Simulating The Process Stage 1 Submission. As one of 114 entries from 24 countries, The Engagement Studio is now one of 20 entries moving onto the next stage.

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on THE 16th July 2012 the ENGAGEMENT STUDIO decided to go to Currumbin to gather local inputs, meet the community face-to-face and see what Currumbians think about being residents of the next Australian Capital City.

Simulating The Process

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“The idea citizen participation LEFTofMELB: 4TH OCT: is a little like NUMBER OF DAYS Simulating The Process JQ582 7PM eating spinach: no one is against it in principle SPENT ARRANGING THE CURRUMBIN because it is good for you. Participation of the ENGAGEMENT C O N S U LTAT I O N LEFT GC: 6TH OCTOBER: governed in their government is, in theory, theTHE CURRUMBIN 5&6 OCTOBER 2012 TT969 9PM cornerstone of democracy – a revered idea that ENGAGEMENT LEFT MELB: 4TH OCT: UNDER 18 JQ582 7PM is4applauded PEOPLE by virtually everyone.” 5&6 OCTOBER 2012

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PALM BEACH TOURIST PARK

Reflecting our nation’s emergence LEFT GC: 6TH OCTOBER: from a young colonial federation 4 TT969 9PM OVER 6 to a maturing multicultural nation N O 1 PERS at the same time as new occurring forms of bottom up governance, the Engagement Studio argues that it is time for Australia to take the national Capital on a rite of passage. It is time for our national Capital to become a Roving Capital. ECO-VILLAGE

A central idea of the Roving Capital Initiative is to re-connect our decisionmakers with local communities to respond, in place, to the way national and international issues affect communities. This is to be done in a participatory way. A failing of a single, fixed national Capital is that Simulating The Process the political system (politicians and the bureaucracy) becomes removed from the people and the places they represent. As we come to terms with THE CURRUMBIN the opportunities that await Australia when ENGAGEMENT we abandon the idea of a fixed Capital we realise that relocating OCTOBER the5&6 national Capital 2012 can address this misalignment strengthening the LEFT MELB: by 4TH OCT: connection and7PM engagement in several JQ582 ways: LEFT GC: 6TH OCTOBER: • It brings political decision TT969 9PM makers face-to-face, daily, with many issues facing Australians. • It places these decisionmakers physically closer to the consequences of problems facing communities and the consequences of policies and solutions (good and bad). • It forces governments to be more responsive and flexible – to see how a policy develops and responds on the ground and enabling reflection and response to the outcomes as they occur. • It directs attention that stimulates ideas and investment, demonstrating innovative solutions to the key problems facing that local community which can then be translated and transplanted nationally.

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LEFT MELB: 4TH OCT: Car route map TT969 9PM of Currumbin JQ582 7PM

PALM BEACHFRONT

PACIFIC PARADE CURRUMBIN BEACHFRONT

THE PINES SHOPPING CENTRE

ELEPHANT ROCK

ELANORA LIBRARY

CAR ROUTE 1 CAR ROUTE 2

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CAPITHETICAL - WHERE TO PLACE THE CAPITAL CITY

Vox-Pop destinations CURRUMBIN BEACH

CURRUMBIN SLS CLUB

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MARKET THE PINES SHOPPING

CENTRE

CURRUMBIN SANCTUARY

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School Girls

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Gold Coast Council workshop

MS ALTHENA DAVIDSON RYAN VAN DOORN MS DEBORAH CHOW

ALVIN KIRBY

JONATHON WELCH MS LILY CHAN

ARUP BRISBANE

(ANNE KOVACHEVICH, KYLIE NIXON, MAT T KLUCK)

What would you like to do on the first day of parliament? Bring people together and plan how to get the best out of a Capital city. Add this day as a new public holiday! Hold the first parliamentary session in a community space with politicians.

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No... 12 PEOPLE 12 PEOPLE it’s already our Capital OVER 64 RSON 1 PE(haha) its the Capital of a very nice place and we just like it that way. If it was the Capital city there would be too many people here. 18 - 64

Lifeguard Currumbin Vikings SLSC

NATIONALITIES INVOLVED

SUPPORTERS BY THE END OF THE TRIP

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Simulating The Process

ONE-ON-ONE INTERVIEWS I asked how this all started and I’m wondering if we all know what the purpose of a Capital is and if it needs logistics and a particular structure for political activity - and then you move on, who’s going to Simulating The fit into the structure? It’sProcess like a purpose built structure. The debate now is the cost of demolition.

PRADESH RAMIAH

THE NEW MONTHLY – DECEMBER 2012

CAR TRAVEL TOTAL

SON tool to test Vox-pop was a very 1 PERuseful 1 PERSON get public opinions and reactions. The people of Currumbin did not think that OVER 64 1 PERSON this was a crazy proposal and were willing to engage in and test the idea. Out of the 17 people interviewed over 50% supported the idea.

PECHA-KUCHA

THE CURRUMBIN ENGAGEMENT

One of the positives for 2012 Currumbin 5&6 OCTOBER

is the airport, the Gold Coast has traditionally been based in tourism. LEFT MELB: 4TH OCT: It’s the main backbone of the JQ582 7PM community, so having the airport connecting the cities and wildlife LEFT GC: 6TH OCTOBER: sanctuaries are bringing in thousands of tourists. TT969 9PM

Simulating The Process

THE CURRUMBIN ENGAGEMENT

5&6 OCTOBER 2012

THE CURRUMBIN Simulating The ProcessLEFT MELB: 4TH OCT: JQ582 7PM ENGAGEMENT

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ENGAGEMENT ENGAGEMENT JQ582 7PM works to other creative local people.

5&6 LEFT OCTOBER THE CURRUMBIN 5&6 OCTOBER 2012 GC: 6TH2012 OCTOBER: More than just a physical platform TT969 9PM LEFT MELB: 4TH event OCT: managed to introduce new LEFT MELB: 4TH OCT:this ENGAGEMENT JQ582 7PM THE CURRUMBIN JQ582 7PM

5&6ENGAGEMENT OCTOBER 2012

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innovative ideas and start a dialogue innovations, art, and culture. Pecha-Kucha had little to do with designing a Capital city, however its focus was to connect with local activities and networks to share ideas/ thoughts. It successfully managed to get 42 people.

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THE EVENT

Presentation by John Dayman

GREAT COMMUNITY MOMENTUM!!!

CAPITAL AS A PLACE OF GATHERING. ENGAGEMENT STUDIO LEFT A SOCIAL LEGACY.

CAPITHETICAL - WHE

A visit to the Eco-village gave us an insight into the experiences of the families who embarked on such an individual and collective lifestyle journey by choosing to live in this remarkable place.

DESIGN WORKSHOP IN MELBOURNE

THIS IS NOT A CRAZY IDEA! A ROLE OF TOP DOWN AND BOTTOM UP GOVERNANCE.

ECO-VILLAGE

community 5&6Every OCTOBER 2012 TT969 9PMshould have a Libby Harward – THE CURRUMBIN Simulating The Process THE CURRUMBIN Artist / Art Worker to share and show their LEFTplatform MELB: 4TH OCT:

Shane Denman Local Architect

REFLECTIONS

Simulating The Process

Simulating The Process

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MS JILL BERRY

Pradesh Ramiah Council Heritage Advisor

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CAPITHETICAL - WHERE TO PLACE THE CAPITAL CITY

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CHRIS GEE JOHN DAYMAN

I think the function of the Capital city in itself is that its not so much an administrative centre, its a place where people can gather to communicate.

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BOTTOM-UP LE PEOPLE 4 PEO1P2 18 - 64 08 Currumbin E PARTICIPATORY DESIGN 12 PEOPL4 12 PEOPLEFarmers Market 12 PROCESS!!!1 PEORVSERO6N4 4

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Lily Chan Council Urban Designer

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THE CURRUMBIN ENGAGEMENT

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Simulating The Process

Building a Capital cannot be decided by planners and architects only. The concept of Roving Capital is one that has to encourage a national debate and involve every community member to ask a question about who we are as a nation and how we want to represent ourselves at different points along the Capital journey.

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Rangi Campbell Gold Coast Civil Engineer

...you analyse what makes a Capital city and is it really the people. Its not the physical structure, its the people. Maybe the legacy is the communication that has come from that interaction and its not a physical legacy.

CAPITHETICAL - WHERE TO PLACE THE CAPITAL CITY

VOX-POP EVENTS REFLECTIONS REFLECTIONS

4 PEOPLE This place, with beautiful north-facing beaches, hinterlands, creeks, elephant rock and the pattern of development integrated into its natural landscape, sets the character of Currumbin. Leanne a local resident of Currumbin commented “I appreciate the view of the ocean everyday for last 17 years.” Walking around Currumbin made us realise how our connection with nature and a peaceful environment would influence policies and decision-making.

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5 Urban Designers 5 Environment and Sustainability Experts 4 Architects 2 Climate Change Planner 1 Heritage Expert 1 Hydraulic Engineer 1 Futurist 1 Transport Planner and Engineer

A Legacy: The Council Officers saw real value in bringing disparate staff members together to talk about their local areas and future thinking aspects, challenges and opportunities.

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GOLD COAST COUNCIL WORKSHOP

With over 25 experts from eight professions in one room there was significant energy and good will generated at the Gold Coast City Council. The aim of this workshop was to involve professionals in imagining the hypothetical future of Currumbin, stimulate discussion and provide them an opportunity to question our ideas. One of the reflections from this workshop was that the process and outcomes would be as much about what towns like Currumbin could offer to the nation more broadly as what federal attention and future development might bring to Currumbin.

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T: LEFT MELB: 4TH OC JQ582 7PM

means and forms. This was just the first step in a long and fruitful conversation. Diverse activities and engagements were organised including a workshop at the 23 MAY Gold Coast City Council’s office and Bond University, a Pecha-Kucha evening community event, vox-pop walks and many one-on-one interviews. We chose our audience from areas of design, politics and ecology. The events helped us to target people from different backgrounds, different age-groups and different disciplines.

Inclusive Process 5&6 OCTOBER 2012

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THE CURRUMBIN ENGAGEMENT 5&6 OCTOBER 2012

MAKE IT REAL. We got in touch with a total of 152 people through various

THE CURRUMBIN ENGAGEMENT The Roving Capital – A Deeply

6 3 18 -Arnstein A Ladder of Citizen Participation, Sherry

ocess Simulating The Pr

CAPITHETICAL - WHERE TO PLACE THE CAPITAL CITY REFLECTIONS CAPITHETICAL - WHERE TO PLACE THE CAPITAL CITY

CHECK OUT OUR SUBMISSION 11

Natalie James – Documentarist and film-maker

The team was inspired by the trip to Currumbin. Following our return and the circulation of our post-trip reflections, we reconvened for a design workshop to investigate how our experiences in Currumbin had informed our understanding of the appropriateness of our previous

VIDEO ON VIMEO 12

The Design Team

w w w.v imeo.c om /54567251

masterplan to the concept of Currumbin as Australia’s Capital. Initially working in two groups where ideas were talked through and teased out, we arrived at a number of measures that refined our design, better reflecting Currumbin’s physical, cultural and social environment.

THE NEW MONTHLY – DECEMBER 2012

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CITY

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DESIGN AND POLITICS

DESIGN AND POLITICS

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REFLECTIONS

The timeframe for our Roving Capital is 15 years. This is a timeframe that resonates with generational change, reflecting key milestones in our lives; it is also a timeframe for political renewal, imposing planned disturbance on a political system that can stagnate through riskaversion. In an era of ever-increasing global social and environmental change, a 15-year Roving Capital cycle encourages perpetual evolution and innovation in our political system, as well as resilience and adaptability in our government institutions. It also allows time to really get to know each local place and bring about real change for the nation as much as for local communities. The Roving Capital selection process begins in ‘Events’, in Capital Ideas Centres and Festivals established in local communities around the nation to facilitate those difficult but inspiring conversations. From this national collective of local conversations, the Senate selects key themes for the next Capital. Local communities are then invited to enter bids to be the next Capital. These are based on what their place can give to the nation’s Capital and what the Capital could bring to their place. The local bids return to the national Senate for shortlisting, and the final step is left to chance: a national lottery will select the nation’s next Roving Capital.

L CITY

The Engagement Studio envisages a Roving Capital selection process that is deeply inclusive. One that is designed to encourage a diversity of local and national conversations about the important issues facing

ROVING CAPITAL SELECTION PROCESS

CITY

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Local communities bid to be next capital 03

Shortlisting and National Lottery

23 MAY 8

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Australians. There are many conversations that Australians are reluctant to have in a meaningful and mature way, but we must confront as we grow as a nation. Further, our proposal is a Capital that is built from the ground up by the people of Australia through a deeply inclusive process. The idea of the Roving Capital can help more Australian cities contribute towards meeting these existing and emerging challenges. A Roving Capital can respond to new challenges using the latest thinking and technology. This creates and uses responsive planning and design practices and helps create a legacy from which new places, culture, industry and employment can grow. The creation of a Roving Capital will:

Lessons FROM CURRUMBIN

01 Capital Ideas Festival

at The Gathering Circle

02 Lifeguard Currumbin Vikings SLSC

• Implement and demonstrate how to respond to local and national challenges; • Catalyse local and national exchange for a lasting legacy; and

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• Enable and allow constant evolution, resilience and for lessons to be learnt.

“While we have concentrated on defining physical characteristics of a good city fabric, the process of creating it is crucial. As important as many buildings and spaces are many participants in the building process. It is through this involvement in the creation and management of their city that citizens are most likely to identify with it and, conversely, to enhance their own sense of identity and control.”

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The Engagement Studios whole CAPITheticAL Journey and Stage One submission can be seen and explained on the accompanying pages – see the Currumbin Engagement. Of particular note was the Currumbin Engagement. In our design proposal Currumbin was the first place which was selected as a Capital. The Roving Capital’s first stop in Currumbin is a location that can address pressing issues of today via direct investment resulting from the creation a Capital. Issues of climate change and ecocities must be addressed. The choice of these issues to be resolved serves as an example of inclusive design development, as it is the process of grassroots, community involvement and face-to-face democracy that is one of the most significant ideals tested in our proposal. The Currumbin Engagement was an exploration by our Melbourne-based team, of design and its interaction with politics.

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The Roving Capital Initiative is a 3-phase process involving all levels of government. It is an opportunity for all citizens to engage in the ‘big decisions’ through a program

THE CURRUMBIN ENGAGEMENT 5&6 OCTOBER 2012 LEFT MELB: 4TH OCT: JQ582 7PM LEFT GC: 6TH OCTOBER: TT969 9PM

As we come to terms with the opportunities that await Australia when we abandon the idea of a fixed capital, we realise that there are many lessons to be learned through the process that The Engagement Studio has undertaken. In particular we have learned lessons with respect to the Creation of Place, Design and Politics and the Legacy that we should leavE:

• Help solve current issues prevalent at the time;

The Currumbin Engagement

Simulating The Process

A Roving Capital

• Build and practice new forms of governance;

Towards an Urban Design Manifesto, Allan Jacobs and Donald Appleyard 4

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of ‘ground up’ events including Capital Ideas Festivals and Exhibitions and the establishment of Capital Ideas Centre’s across the nation. The consultative process will determine what and when infrastructure is required as well as what legacy will be left behind. It was this process we chose to explore in Currumbin.

From Theory to Reality So what happens when our principles of design are applied to politics? The Engagement Studio applied design principles and processes taking lessons from ideas from the 1960’s and 1970’s around community engagement, place making through narrative, civic participation and design process as a community development opportunity. We submitted ourselves to this challenge. The Engagement Studio, through its 11-month journey – see The Whole CAPITheticAL Journey - learned many lessons in creating and testing the idea of a Roving Capital for our nation. Firstly let it be said that we have learned that ‘it is not a crazy idea’. The Roving Capital idea had support and found validity through our conversations. Further, we can say that many other lessons were learned through the process. Particularly through the Currumbin Engagement. We have learned lessons with respect to the Creation of Place, Design and Politics and what is Legacy - see Lessons From Currumbin.

Capital Ideas Centre at Currumbin Vikings SLSC

the realm of our ‘day-to-day’ we still have the ability to dream about what is possible and how our ideas could change what we as a nation should hold most precious. That is, the ability for us to contribute, to have a say and have a debate. What we have realised is that we, both individually and collectively, have the ability to shape and create the forum within which that debate is held. We have learned that we have the ability to reimagine and reshape, on a regular basis, the form and forum of our national debates and at the same time create new and improved places, explore new opportunities and ultimately change our nation for the better. If instigated who knows where this journey of self-discovery, the Roving Capital, would take us? Perhaps the national Capital will find a new permanent home in time, or perhaps we will realise that the Capital does not need to be grounded in a physical place at all but can instead live in the virtual. That is the beauty of a rite of passage: looking back to our past, contemplating our present, and looking to our future, as yet undetermined. NM

FROM CITY TO PLACE

FROM CITY TO PLACE

1. Calvino, Italo (1972) “Invisible Cities” Giulio Einaudi 2. CAPITheticAL Competition Website 3. Arnstein, Sherry (1969) “A Ladder of Citizen Participation” Journal of the American Institute of Planners 35(4):216-244. 4. Jacobs, Allan and Donald Appleyard (1987) “Toward an Urban Design Manifesto” Journal of the American Planning Association 53 (1) (Winter): 112-120

REFLECTIONS REFLECTIONS

Reflecting on the whole process and where we started it is true to say that the Engagement Studio has found that there is power in asking outlandish questions of ourselves and others and of those things which we believe to be true. What we have found, and what may be most relevant is, that outside

THE NEW MONTHLY – DECEMBER 2012

FROM CITY TO PLACE

Creation of Place

Legacy

A 21st Century Roving Capital can be symbolic. It does not need to have all arms of government administration in one place in order to make decisions. It does not need grand buildings and monuments to symbolise national identity. It does not need to provide all of the economic and cultural activities traditionally provided in a national Capital: It can be a Capital Place; it need not be a Capital City. It is to remain true to the essence of the present day Capital named ‘Canberra’ which means ‘gathering place’ in the local Aboriginal language. It will bring together decision-makers. It will reflect our natural identity whilst reconnecting people with place. It will be able to adapt itself to the needs of different places around Australia as well as embracing an evolving global context. As such it represents the local and the national and an international gateway.

Legacy is a reciprocal act. Legacy was a key lesson of our engagement. Local communities like those in Currumbin are rightly proud of their places and speak of what they would have to offer to both to those decision makers that settle in the Capital – through the daily sharing of lives – as well as Australian and international visitors. The Capital Place will have an effect on the local, however, the local should also affect the Capital – and through it, the nation. It will leave behind a positive and relevant legacy without damaging the character and spirit of the place or leaving the host community with a ‘Capital hangover’. Each Capital Place will influence national conversations about issues showcased there, and will leave its own imprint on our national identity. A Roving Capital Place is restorative rather a depletive. NM

Design and Politics Each Capital Place will look and feel different. It will be respectful of the local community and the local geography. As above, it does not need all the grand buildings and all the cultural and ceremonial spaces that make up our present day Capital. It does need to provide the gathering places and means to get to them – the places for debate and celebration.

DESIGN Lessons from the CURRUMBIN ENGAGEMENT Our on-site testing and engagement resulted in significant design lessons. Of note the following design principles were explored and reinforced: • To respect the beautiful natural landscape; • To build upon and retrofit the existing infrastructure; • To create strong connections between the natural environment using green (landscape), blue (river and sea) and gold (the beach); • To create a sustainable transport system of high speed rail connecting to Sydney and Brisbane and a tram network interconnected with hubs at town centres and stops at strategic locations; and • To create a network of Capital Ideas Centres (CIC) and a platform for community participation in local and national debates. Numerous events like workshops, festivals and exhibitions will be held to resolve the place-based local issues and generate ideas. The key objective of the CIC’s and gathering places is to link the community with the key decision–makers.

CURRUMBIN CAPITAL FRAMEWORK PLAN

TO BRISBANE

Welcome Peninsula

Design ConceptS + Ideas

The Chamber

1. Connecting the Green, Gold and Blue

The Capital Place should be designed in conversation with the local community. It will, where appropriate, tread lightly on the earth – for example it may have low levels of development and a preference for temporary construction that can be re-used elsewhere as appropriate. Our explorations have shown Design is not static – there is no such thing as a perfect solution that serves a place forever. The design which we have identified in the stage one panels through plans and perspective were adjusted following in site investigations, conversations and debate.

2. A Sustainable Movement Network TO SYDNEY

Natural Landscape

Shared Route

Government

Mangrove Rejuvenation

Green Network

Mixed Use

High- Speed Rail

Gathering Circle

Existing Housing

Train Station

Idea Centre

Medium Density Housing

City Circle Tram Line

National Camping Ground

Low Density Housing

Tram Line

National Produce Garden

Tram Stops

Town Centre

3. Idea Generation and Connection to Decision Makers

THE NEW MONTHLY – DECEMBER 2012

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CAPITheticAL The Engagement Studio - Stage 2