THE DEUX-SÈVRES MONTHLY
by Josie Bounds
In Munrau-‐Steffelsee 1908 we can see how Kandinsky begins to strip away the representational, reducing recognisable elements of the landscape. Although we can recognise this is a painting of the
Cézanne’s continued influence on negating the negative A good example of how Cezanne took the representation of a landscape and distilled it down to what he saw as its structural abstract elements is Mont Sainte-‐Victoire 1904.
Wassily Kandinsky Munrau-‐Steffelsee 1908 landscape, the colour palette Kandinsky uses here shows us his heightened sense of colour, where he is beginning to push the boundaries. The colour patches give the picture its special depth and perspective. 1. 2. 3. 4.
Paul Cezanne Mont Sainte-Victoire 1904.
Cezanne’s emotional response to the landscape can be described through his exaggerated use of atmospheric colour, juggling shapes that nature gave him, assembling them on the canvas, giving the painting abstract conformity. In 1911 for Kandinsky ‘a general interest in abstraction was being reborn, both in the form of the spiritual, occultism, spiritualism and the “new” Christianity, Theosophy and religion in its broadest sense’.1 Through the lectures and teachings of Rudolf Steiner and Madame Blavatsky, Kandinsky sought a special blending between Eastern philosophies with Christianity. The merging of Eastern and Western philosophy for Kandinsky galvanised ‘the romanticism of his vision’.2 Studying non-‐Western religions, for example, Buddhism, Kandinsky ‘searched for a style that would effectively change the moral and ethical climate’. 3 Like other intellectuals of the late 19th century and early 20th century, Kandinsky interpreted his age as one dominated by a relentless struggle against the effects of industrialisation, materialism and the bourgeoisie. On The Spiritual in Art Kandinsky describes his pathway in the development of his art through three categories, ‘Impressions’ – observation of the world, ‘Improvisation’ -‐ a spontaneous expression of a mood or feeling and ‘Compositions’ -‐ inner visions. Through the images below we can see Kandinsky implementing his vision. The landscape and imagery from Russian fables inspired Kandinsky early on in his career. Following a move to Germany in the early twentieth century, we can trace the beginnings of a new style in Kandinsky’s work. Another inﬂuence through The De Blaue Reiter, Kandinsky begins to conceive an alternaove pathway, through his painongs to spiritual reality. Classical music also inﬂuenced Kandinsky; we can see how he included large areas of colour, encouraging and somulaong an emooonal response in the viewer. These large areas of colour could be argued as Kandinsky’s response to the inﬂuence of classical music. In abstracong the landscape, ‘Kandinsky felt that he had discovered a spiritual reality, which was more powerful for not being oed to the outside world.’ 4
Golding G (2000) Paths to the Absolute Mondrian, Malevich, Kandinsky, Pollock, Newman, Rothko, Still, Thames & Hudson, U.S.A. Ibid. Tuchman M (1986) The Spiritual in Art: Abstract Painting 1890 – 1985, Abbeville Press, New York, p. 201. Kandinsky W (2006) Concerning the Spiritual in Art, MFA Publication, Boston.
Find Josie Bounds at Le Studio, 79240 Le Busseau www.monpemtcoeur.info
SHOW CASE EVENT KICKS OFF NEW CRAFT SKILLS CLUB A unique showcase of craft skills kicks off at Fenioux (79160) on July 28th from 11.00 to 16.00 hours. This taster launch of the new Café Crafts Club highlights a wide range of crafts which will then be featured at informal learning sessions during the winter months. Hosted at the Café des Belles Fleurs, Fenioux, the launch features; Découpage, jewellery and beading, working with wood, painting on silk, mosaics, drawing for beginners, painting, scrap-‐booking, calligraphy, stamping and flower arranging. Cake decorating, stained glass techniques, photography plus chocolate decorating are also planned as learning sessions to be held every third Thursday afternoon from September 2013 to March 2014 inclusive. A spokesperson for the newly formed Café Crafts Club explains: “We are excited about this new concept which we hope will inspire people to take up new interests as they learn new skills in an informal and friendly environment. We are all enthusiastic amateurs who will also learn from each other as we pass on our own skills to others. Everyone is invited.” For more information contact: Freddie Main Tel: 05 49 09 29 11 Email: Freddie.email@example.com
Published on Jun 30, 2013