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FRIDAY, JUNE 22, 2018


Heatherton retires following Geisel receives sexual misconduct allegations grant for opioid

abuse research



Moore Hall houses the psychological and brain sciences department.










BY THE DARTMOUTH SENIOR STAFF Psychological and brain sciences professor Todd Heatherton has elected to retire immediately following a recommendation from Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences Elizabeth Smith, upheld by the faculty-elected Review Committee, that his tenure be revoked and his

employment terminated. Smith’s recommendation follows a review of Heatherton by an external investigator for sexual misconduct. Professors Bill Kelley and Paul Whalen of the PBS department, who are also under investigation for sexual misconduct, remain under review. In a press release provided by his lawyer Julie Moore, Heatherton stated that he

retired because he thought it was best for his family, the College and the graduate students involved in the investigation. Multiple students in the PBS department have previously spoken to The Dartmouth alleging sexual misconduct on the part of Heatherton, Kelley and Whalen. “I acknowledge that I

Professor publishes book on 2016 election BY SUNNY DRESCHER The Dartmouth Staff

Many journalists and scholars have sought to explain what happened over the course of the 2016 election season, which culminated in Republican nominee Donald Trump winning the presidential election. In his new book “American Discontent: The Rise of Trump and Decline of the Golden Age,” Dartmouth sociology professor John Campbell looks at Trump’s victory through the larger context of

trends spanning the past 50 years. “Several trends developing in American society that stretch back into the late 1960s and early 1970s [created] a certain climate and enabled a guy like Trump to make a move on the White House like he did,” Campbell said. The trends Campbell referred to include declining upward economic mobility, increasing partisanship and increasing globalization. SEE CAMPBELL PAGE 3


Researchers at the Geisel School of Medicine have been awarded a four-year, $5.3 million Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute grant to study the effectiveness of various medication-assisted treatment models for opioid use disorder in pregnant women. PCORI is a nonprofit organization authorized by Congress whose purpose is to fund health care-related research. Through MAT, patients suffering from opioid use disorder receive medications that stimulate opioid receptors, thus replacing the need for opiates. According to Geisel clinical assistant professor Daisy Goodman,

who is one of the study’s principal investigators, there are two options for medications: methadone and buprenorphine. According to the project announcement on the PCORI website, women have traditionally received this care from an addiction treatment center, but as demand has increased, some maternity care clinics have begun to provide MAT services. “[DHMC has] been involved in this work for quite a while in terms of actually providing services,” Goodman said. Goodman noted that the researchers will examine which combinations of medication, treatment administration and mental health care produce better SEE GEISEL PAGE 5



Beautiful New England weather greets sophomores as they return to campus.



DAily debriefing The Republican leadership in the U.S. House of Representatives decided yesterday to delay a vote on a major immigration bill that would provide $25 billion in funding for a wall along the Mexican border, create new restrictions on legal immigration and provide a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants brought to the U.S. as children. The leadership canceled the scheduled vote after it became clear that proponents of the bill would not be able to garner enough votes for it to pass. The delay comes in the wake of a growing national debate on immigration and a recent focus on the Trump administration’s policy of separating children from families who illegally cross the U.S. border. The House also voted on a more conservative bill that would create greater restrictions on immigration, but that bill was defeated by a 231-193 margin. A proposed restructuring of the federal government that would see the merging of the Labor and Education departments to create the Department of Education and the Workforce was announced on Thursday by the White House, according to The Washington Post. The proposal also includes plans to rename the Department of Health and Human Services as the “Department of Health and Public Welfare.” Not only are many of the overhaul’s proposals expected to require the approval of Congress, but resistance from both Democratic and Republican lawmakers is likely. The overhaul has been seen as an extension of Trump’s repeated campaign pledges to drain the swamp by reducing the “size and scope of the federal government.” Consequently, if the proposed policies were authorized, the number of federal employees could decrease, which would likely be met with opposition from federal employee unions. The European Union imposed a new series of tariffs totaling $3.2 billion against U.S.-made products yesterday, a direct response to the Trump administration’s recentlyannounced tariffs on steel and aluminum imports. According to The New York Times, the EU’s tariffs are against products such as bourbon, motorcycles and orange juice, and are meant to target Trump’s political base. With President Trump threatening additional tariffs and countries like Japan and Canada preparing to retaliate, the move comes with a growing concern of an international trade war. The president also recently began an investigation into car imports, a sign that the administration may be considering tariffs that would target the German automobile industry. -COMPILED BY ALEX FREDMAN AND ANTHONY ROBLES

FRIDAY, JUNE 22, 2018

Two professors remain under review FROM PBS PAGE 1

acted unprofessionally in public at conferences while intoxicated,” Heatherton wrote. “I offer a humble and sincere apology to anyone affected by my actions.” Heatherton, Kelley and Whalen have been under review since last fall. Per an email sent to all of campus by College President Phil Hanlon, Smith has also made recommendations for Kelley and Whalen that have been upheld by the Review Committee. Kelley and Whalen will remain on paid leave until Dean Smith’s recommendations are reviewed by the Dartmouth-wide Council on Academic Freedom and Responsibility, an 18-member council elected by the faculty. Heatherton, who was eligible to retire based on his age and length of service, chose to do so prior to CAFR review. After the reviews are completed, Hanlon will deliver the CAFR report, as well as full transcripts of any hearings, to the College’s Board of Trustees, who will make a final decision on each case. According to an email from College spokesperson Diana Lawrence, none of the external investigator’s reports or information from the CAFR will be made public for any of the professors. Hanlon’s email did not disclose Smith or the Review Committee’s recommendations for Kelley and Whalen “out of respect for the ongoing process.” Lawrence wrote that she cannot speculate on the timeframe for the CAFR and the Board to reach a decision. The three professors have also been under criminal investigation by the New Hampshire attorney general’s office since last October. Senior assistant attorney general Geoffrey W.R. Ward wrote in an email that the attorney general’s office remains ongoing. Hanlon’s email notes that the College is continuing to cooperate with law enforcement on their separate investigation. Heatherton remains barred from entering campus property or attending College events. He will also not be granted emeritus status, according to Lawrence. Kelley and Whalen are also restricted from entering College property. In addition to his vested retirement funds, Heatherton is eligible to receive retiree health coverage from the College. Lawrence wrote that employees who have reached the age of 55 and have at least 10 years of continuous service are eligible for some retiree health benefits, regardless of their reason for leaving the College. Dartmouth does not have the power to prevent a retirement or disallow health

CORRECTIONS We welcome corrections. If you believe there is a factual error in a story, please email editor@thedartmouth. com.

benefits for retirees, Lawrence wrote. a statement to The Dartmouth alleging The Dartmouth first reported that the three professors created on Oct. 25, 2017 that the three PBS a “hostile academic environment professors were on paid leave and in which sexual harassment is under investigation normalized.” They for misconduct. further claimed O n O c t . 3 1 , “I acknowledge that the professors Hanlon wrote a that I acted had violated c a m p u s - w i d e unprofessionally one or more of email confirming t h e C o l l e g e ’s that the professors in public at Employee Sexual were “alleged to conferences while Misconduct Policy, have engaged in Employee Sexual intoxicated. I offer a sexual misconduct Harassment Policy and are being humble and sincere and Policy on investigated by apology to anyone Instructor-Student law enforcement,” Consensual i n c l u d i n g t h e affected by my Re l a t i o n s h i p s. New Hampshire actions.” Four of those attorney general’s signees spoke office, the directly to The Grafton County -TODD HEATHERTON, Dartmouth about attorney, the New their experiences, FORMER PSYCHOLOGY Hampshire State and three more Police, the Grafton AND BRAIN SCIENCES provided written County Sheriff ’s PROFESSOR statements about office and Hanover their time in the Police. On Nov. PBS department. 10, the College announced that it On Feb. 19, 2018, Hanlon had hired an external investigator to announcedthattheexternalinvestigator conduct its own investigations of the was “close to concluding her work,” allegations. and that, after the completion of On Nov. 18, The Dartmouth investigations, disciplinary action reported that 15 undergraduate, following procedures in the graduate and postdoctoral students and Organization of the Faculty of scholars in the PBS department signed Dartmouth College would be pursued.

MEET THE ARTIST 23 June, Saturday, 4:00–7:00 p.m.

EXHIBITION OPENING EVENTS WITH ARTIST TOYIN OJIH ODUTOLA Join us for an informal introduction to The Firmament with the artist from 4:00 to 5:00 p.m. After the gallery talk, explore the exhibition and meet the artist. Free and open to all. Toyin Ojih Odutola, Industry (Husband and Wife), 2017, pastel, charcoal and pencil on paper (diptych). © Toyin Ojih Odutola. Courtesy of the artist and Jack Shainman Gallery, New York.

FRIDAY, JUNE 22, 2018


Book explores historical factors leading to Trump’s victory FROM CAMPBELL PAGE 1

In the book, Campbell argues that a new form of politics has emerged both in the U.S. and abroad due to the rise of globalization. He said that a new dimension of being pro- or anti-globalization, which has been “percolating a long time and has now been institutionalized since Trump won [the election],” now bisects the traditional left-to-right ideological spectrum. This new form of politics makes it harder for both Republicans and Democrats to navigate the American political landscape, according to Campbell. He added that he hopes his book can help people of both parties understand how Trump came to power. “Most of what I’ve written in my career has been for an academic audience, but I wanted to write this one for the general public,” Campbell said. Religion professor Randall Balmer commended Campbell for trying to reach an audience beyond traditional academic circles. “Academics decided probably a generation ago that they would no longer deign to address the general public, and I think that has contributed to the mess we find ourselves in right now,” Balmer said. Balmer added that some members of academia believe that writing for the public is “professionally illadvised,” and that he hopes that more academics will follow Campbell’s lead and “understand their responsibility to speak to a general audience.” Government professor Joseph Bafumi wrote in an email that it is not yet clear if academics are using their prowess to explain phenomena that may have influenced the election of President Trump. Balmer added that though

academic disciplines approach he wanted to get his book published scholarship in different ways, it is as quickly as possible. important that academics try and “I wanted to write it as fast as I understand the political, cultural could because I was desperately afraid and social phenomena that powered that somebody was going to scoop Trump’s rise to the presidency. me and get this argument out before According to Bafumi, studying me,” Campbell said. these phenomena at a macro level He said that each week over the “gives us a sense of where we are in eight months he spent writing his book context and where he would walk to we are going” and “Most of what I’ve the Dartmouth helps scholars Bookstore to see written in my career and policymakers if there were any “isolate and try to has been for an new books arguing solve problems.” his thesis. academic audience, Campbell said Campbell that the idea for the but I wanted to s a i d t h at t h e book originated write this one for the s c h o l a r s h i p with a short paper explaining general public.” written while on Trump’s rise to a trip in Europe power has come in during the 2016 -JOHN CAMPBELL, waves. According primary season. to Campbell, the He added that SOCIOLOGY PROFESSOR first wave was he had received books published many questions from Europeans who by journalists who had been reporting were surprised that Trump had made on the election; the second wave it that far in the electoral process. was comprised of “cheerleaders” He subsequently wrote the paper for either Trump or Clinton who as “a good clarification exercise for explained why things went well or [himself]” but didn’t expect anything poorly; the third wave was smaller else to come of it. and full of more academic works; “I figured that there was no and the beginning of a fourth wave way this guy was going to win the is now emerging in which big picture nomination, so I put [the paper] in explanations are being offered. a filing cabinet,” Campbell said. “I Campbell said he plans to situate thought I’d never see it again, but of his new book at the beginning of course Trump won [the nomination] the fourth wave, but thinks Trumpand then the presidency.” related scholarship is now heading in Campbell said he then decided to a different direction. turn the paper into a book and began “Now everything has started to work in January 2017. shift, and it’s all about the White While it may seem like a large House and what’s going on there. amount of scholarship has already Why is Trump doing what he’s been published about the 2016 doing? What are the implications presidential election and the rise of for US foreign policy and domestic Trump, Balmer and Bafumi agree policy?” Campbell said. “It’s been that the Trump administration will very interesting to watch this sort of keep scholars busy for long after his evolution of these different sorts of presidency is over. But Campbell said books.”



A nearly-deserted Class of 1953 Commons is another sign that sophomore summer is in full swing.




FRIDAY, JUNE 22, 2018



Planning for the Future

Into the Woods

As a junior on the cusp of entering the workforce and becoming a “real adult,” I am constantly told to think about the future. The adults in my life often remind me to consider where I see myself in 10 years and start an IRA as soon as possible. With all this talk of the future, one question recently caught me off guard. I visited the DMV a few months ago to renew my license and was asked whether I would like to become an organ donor. I was so busy being “thoughtful” about working life, graduate school and even retirement, that registering as an organ donor had barely crossed my mind. I needed to do my research. Now I see that as I enter adulthood and start to make life-defining choices, organ donor registration should be one of the first things I

consider. There is an urgent need for donors in the U.S. Currently, there are about 115,000 people are on the national waiting list for organs, and someone new is added to the list every 10 minutes. On average, 20 people die every day waiting for a transplant. Fortunately, each donor combats the problem considerably—a single donor can save eight lives. As a community, Dartmouth can do more. Discussing organ donor registration with friends can help inform our choices and introduce others to the idea. Let’s use Dartmouth’s tightknit culture for good and make organ donor registration a choice everyone considers before leaving the Green. — Katherine McCreery McCreery is a member of the Class of 2019.

The Dartmouth welcomes guest columns and letters to the Editor. We request that they be the original work of the submitter. Letters should not be longer than 250 words and must include the name, location and contact information of the author. Submissions may be sent to both and Submissions will receive a response within three business days.


End Campus Hunger Last week, Harvard professor Dr. Anthony Abraham Jack visited the College to discuss the growing food insecurity epidemic within higher education. He, like many of today’s students, lacked an adequate supply of nutritious, affordable food in college. During his talk, the audience affirmed his call to end campus hunger. No one transitioned to discuss solutions. At Dartmouth, food insecurity is surprisingly common, especially during breaks and when DBA runs dry. How common? We aren’t sure. Little research exists. Talking about the issue, however, can illuminate its prevalence. For example, a friend recently paid for his summer rent and travel costs. When his DBA hit zero, he had no money in his account or in his wallet. He relied on free meals and his friends’ DBA to eat. Creative solutions exist. Students at Cornell University organized and operate Anabel’s Grocery, which offers on-campus

groceries to all students. Goods are set at two prices, a subsidized and unsubsidized version, and students are allocated subsidies based on demonstrated need. Anabel’s Grocery automatically and anonymously charges students the correct price for the goods by using the students’ IDs. It makes affordable food accessible; it cures hunger. Solutions like Anabel’s are easy to implement and cost-effective. They require structural changes to Collis Market pricing but are more efficient than other solutions. To advocate for a similar option at Dartmouth, email Student Assembly representatives and ask for a partnership with Collis Market and the administration to adjust prices to create our own “Anabel’s Grocery.” Let’s starve out campus hunger. — Audrey Scott Scott is a member of the Class of 2019.

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Appreciation for New Hampshire’s wilderness is not enough Remember when those WOODS shirts parks for industrial exploitation is more exploded across campus last year? Suddenly, than warranted, but we also need to half of the student body started wearing the examine local practices of land and water shirts like they were the newest Vineyard management. Cattle farming can destroy Vines release. Or what swathes of scrubland by about the Patagonia “The romanticization razing the plants until the shirts that fit seamlessly soil erodes. Even choosing of wilderness also i n t o D a r t m o u t h ’s to landscape our homes unofficial uniform of leads to the simpler with indigenous plants school merchandise effect of people helps reduce the need for and outdoorsy clothes? irrigation and the risk T h e i r p o p u l a r i t y, becoming ignorant of of introducing invasive and even the idea the beauty in the land species. to produce them in The romanticization around them, because the first place, is the of wilderness also leads product of students it is not a part of the to the simpler effect of w h o r o m a n t i c i z e monolithic, ‘capital-W’ people becoming ignorant Dartmouth’s place in of the beauty in the land wilderness.” the wilderness. around them because it is I must confess that not part of the monolithic, I t o o ro m a n t i c i ze “capital-W” wilderness. If nature. In my middle school French class, we convince ourselves that the wilderness I declared my unwavering intent to be near our homes is uninspiring and plain, a poissonnier — a fishmonger — only then we are less inclined to take responsibility because I liked the word. I thought I was and care for our environment. In particular, joking, but seven years later I signed up for the false distinction between urban and the fly fishing physical natural environments e d u c at i o n c l a s s. I n “In particular, the de-incentivizes us to the broader American keep cities clean and false distinction context, venturing morally excuses dirty out into nature has between urban and cor porate practices, been an endeavor of since it’s not deemed natural environments curiosity, a protective “natural” in the first reflex and a creative de-incentivizes us to place. re s p i t e. Wi l d e r n e s s keep cities clean and Our superficial continues to inspire appreciation of nature near-religious devotion morally excuses dirty manifests in superficial and awe. Dartmouth corporate practices, protection. Dartmouth in particular fosters composts and hands out since it’s not deemed a romanticization of reusable (Green2Go) nature with a borderline ‘natural’ in the first container s, but still commercial fervor, as place.” maintains endowment seen in the alma mater’s holdings in fossil fuel emphasis on granite, companies, which the “Big Green” and the “Lone Pine.” contradicts its supposed commitment to While prog rams like DOC Trips the environment. As Divest Dartmouth create a connection between students members Megan Larkin ’19 and Jared and Dartmouth’s natural environment, Solomon ’19 wrote in the Dartmouth it is damaging to the broader goals of Political Times, our investment in fossil environmentalism. Prizing untouched, fuels is also a direct affront to our ties to w o o d e d w i l d e r n e s s ov e r n a t u r a l the Native American communities that environments poses several contradictions Dartmouth claims to support. to the environmentalist stance. For Clearly, much of Dartmouth’s institutional instance, viewing forests as the “purest” and cultural identity takes root in the form of nature, whether consciously or surrounding land. Many people chose this unconsciously, devalues school because of their o t h e r r e g i o n s l i k e “Prizing untouched, interest in protecting grasslands and deserts, and enjoying the wooded wilderness distracting us from the environment that makes problems and climate over natural the college beautiful. stressors facing those environments poses But our idealization places. and reverence for Thus, we must value several contradictions N ew H a m p s h i re’s nature’s diversity. Until to the wilderness should not we value all forms of be our sole focus. While environmentalist nature equally, we will there is nothing wrong continue parceling off stance.” w i t h e n j oy i n g N e w the “boring” parts for Hampshire’s particular our trash and dirty brand of nature, we must work. For example, the outrage over not let our exaltation of the untamed wild government encroachment into national push the rest of the world out of the picture.

FRIDAY, JUNE 22, 2018


Research to examine treatment programs FROM GEISEL PAGE 1

results. She added that different methods may work better for women with different life circumstances. “It’s likely that for some groups of people, it’s better to do it one way, and for other groups of people, it will be better to do it another way,” Goodman said. For that reason, Goodman said, the study will examine differences in results across demographic groups such as race, ethnicity, income and age. Ultimately, Goodman said she and her co-principal investigator Sarah Lord, an assistant professor of psychiatry and pediatrics at Geisel, aim to gather the data needed to develop more effective treatment programs for specific populations throughout northern New England, the area with the highest per-capita rates of opioid dependence and opioid-related deaths in the country. In the study’s target region, five to eight percent of infants are born to mothers with opioid use disorder, and rates are rising, according to the project announcement. However, both Goodman and Lord stressed that opioid use disorder is a national problem affecting a broad swath of the population and is not limited to pregnant women in Maine, Vermont and New Hampshire. Lord said that while she brings a background in clinical psychology and implementation science to the project, Goodman is an expert in

obstetrics. As a result, she added, they can examine the issue together from an interdisciplinary perspective. The project announcement states that “patients and stakeholder partners will be active collaborators in all phases of the study,” including planning and conducting the study and analyzing, interpreting and disseminating the results. According to Lord, these stakeholders include clinicians, researchers, state policymakers, state Medicaid directors and women who have suffered from opioid use disorder while pregnant. “It’s a project that’s very focused on community engagement,” Lord said. Goodman and Lord said they will be working with 21 maternity care practices in New Hampshire, Vermont and Maine. They will follow the women under study, beginning with pregnancy until up to six months after delivery. This extended time frame is important, as many women discontinue treatment after giving birth, the announcement said. The study will track metrics such as patient experience of care, abstinence, maintenance of child custody, infant treatment, quality of life and rates of depression and anxiety. The grant was approved by the PCORI board in April and is set to conclude in September 2022. Geisel now holds six awards from PCORI, according to the press release.



A lone flag stands among the lone pines against the bright blue sky.




FRIDAY, JUNE 22, 2018


8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Painting Exhibit: “Jo Tate’s Art” by Jo Tate, Sponsored by the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, Suite 107, 7 Lebanon Street

11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.

Lecture: “A New Type of Thinking,” with director of the Institute for Systems Research at the University of Maryland, College Park and computer science professor William Regli, Life Sciences Center 105

7:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m.

Digital Exhibit: “Crowds and Power” and “Silver Apples of the Moon,” Loew Auditorium, Black Family Visual Arts Center

9:30 p.m. - 11:00 p.m.

Public Astronomical Observing, sponsored by the physics department, Shattuck Observatory

TOMORROW 4:00 p.m. - 7:00 p.m.

Exhibition opening events with artists Toyin Ojih Odutola, Hood Downtown, 53 Main Street

7:00 p.m. - 8:00 p.m.

Digital Showcase: “Vessels and Bellows: Site Specific Works for Organ and Electronics SHIFT,” Spaulding Auditorium, Hopkins Center for the Arts

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FRIDAY, JUNE 22, 2018



DAX+ Digital Arts eXpo will display interdisciplinary creativity By DANIELA ARMAS The Dartmouth

This Friday and Saturday, visitors of the Black Family Visual Arts Center will be greeted by a maze of masking tape and musical equipment as they enter the atrium. What is usually a popular study space among students is undergoing a transformation into an audio-visual gallery in preparation for the DAX+ Digital Arts eXpo, a showcase featuring work by Dartmouth students, faculty and critically-acclaimed guest artists. This year, the College’s music department worked in partnership with the Hopkins Center for the Arts to facilitate the two-day event. The event kicks off the Hopkins Center’s SHIFT 2018, which is a diverse series of live arts performances that will focus on the influence of the sixties as an artistic moment. SHIFT aims to incorporate questions of identity and exhibit works that share a break with tradition in some way. In conjunction with this goal, DAX+ will showcase creativity from several different fields that lie at the intersection of technology and the arts. DAX+ was established by computer science professor Lorie Loeb in 2012. When she realized that many students were not presenting their work due to a lack of spaces for hybrid art forms, she created DAX+ as a catch-all exhibition space for interdisciplinary work that may be difficult to categorize, she said.

“It’s supposed to be a home for art that would otherwise have none,” said music department chair Michael Casey, who spearheaded the planning of the event. Planning the expo is a two-part process, according to Casey. The organization began when the music department approached other academic departments to obtain estimates of when students would be ready to present their work. Then, the music department issued an open call for submissions and project proposals. Last year, DAX+ exhibited over 80 student pieces. This year’s expo will feature over 50 student pieces, as the event is being held during the summer term. DAX+ begins today at the Loew Auditorium, where celebrated synthesizer pioneer Morton Subotnick will be performing two of his original works to kick off the expo. The first piece, “Silver Apples of the Moon,” originally composed in 1967, was the first piece of electronic music commissioned for a recording. Subotnick composed the piece with the goal of creating a 20th-century rendition of chamber music. For over a year, he worked to develop a machine that would lend itself to this purpose by offering sonic flexibility. The system he developed utilizes a series of electrical patches that allow the artist to guide the machine’s general sonic output without defining its details. This allowed Subotnick to alternate between scoring

sections of the composition traditionally and shaping other sections in a more free-form fashion. For his DAX+ performance, Subotnick will present the new interpretation of his original work as “Silver Apples of the Moon Revisited,” incorporating the material into a new live performance involving an AbletonBuchlaelectronic instrument loaded with musical samples. By using this instrument, Subotnick can perform new sonic gestures in the framework of his original piece, allowing him to continue incorporating musical innovation in his work. The second piece, “Crowds and Power,” is a tone poem for voice that was inspired by Elias Canetti’s 1960 book of the same name. The work is centered on the theme of crowds — how they emerge, the forces that sustain them and who they inevitably victimize. “Crowds and Power” will be performed by soprano vocalist Joan La Barbara and will incorporate visuals by artist Lillevan. After Subotnick’s performance, student and faculty exhibitions will be opened for public viewing. The works being exhibited were compiled from student responses to open calls for student submissions that were promoted in different arts classes. Yenny Dieguez ’20 chose to submit her work to DAX+ after entering the world of digital arts for the very first time in the class Studio Art 17.08, “Digital

Drawing.” “I didn’t know how to use Photoshop or Illustrator or any other digital drawing programs, so that’s why I took the class — to explore,” Dieguez said. Dieguez soon realized that she could marry the technological capabilities of digital drawing programs with her longtime artistic interest in portraits. Dieguez utilized the functions on the drawing programs used in her class to manipulate still portraits, positioning them at different angles to create a short animation. At her professor’s recommendation, Dieguez will be showcasing an animated self-portrait this weekend. Creating it has not only shifted her notions of what art is, but also has reminded her of the possibilities at her disposal, she said. “I was very hesitant to approach digital arts, but after taking this class I realized that with digital arts comes a whole new set of tools,” Dieguez said. “You can really do whatever you want — even things you haven’t thought of. I also think there is a lot of potential there for concept-based work, so I think there is a lot to learn.” Visiting professor of studio art Hannah Nelson will also be taking part in the showcase, exhibiting several works created by her Photography II and III students. Along with several traditional prints, Nelson and her students will be presenting virtual galleries that can be viewed through a 360-degree virtual reality headset.

“I had never used that tool in the classroom before, but it was a chance for everyone to see what it’s like to build an exhibition, and think about scale, and how we view images differently in a digital space,” Nelson said. While some students chose to design traditional galleries in the virtual space, others chose to incorporate exhibition layouts that would be physically impossible in the real world. The exhibition marks a moment of profound artistic development for the students, many of whom had little to no experience in digital photography and virtual reality prior to taking Nelson’s class. “I wanted them thinking about the ways that images change depending on the context in which we viewed them, but the actual content and the way that they treated their photos is completely individual,” she said. DAX+ also includes a viewing of several feature shorts created by animation students. This Saturday’s exhibition will serve as the only screening of their work in a public auditorium for the year, serving as the climax of months of hard work in the animation studio. The power of DAX+ is rooted in its dedication to and encouragement of student artists. For many students, it will be the culminating experience of their arts education at Dartmouth — and the multitude of events this weekend is sure to help them end on the right note.

‘The Incredibles 2’ is an ambitious sequel packed with excitement


As any fan who grew up with the 2004 Pixar animated classic will be happy to tell you, “The Incredibles” was always primed for a sequel. For 14 long years, children of the early 2000s wondered why “Cars,” “Finding Nemo” and “Monsters, Inc.” were all granted sequels and prequels, but a follow-up film for our favorite superhero family seemed to permanently languish in development hell. Regardless about how you feel about each of those films and their subsequent franchises, they are all self-contained stories. Sequels may not have detracted from the originals, but they also never truly enhanced them. The ending of “The Incredibles,” on the other hand, begged for closure. But director Brad Bird deliberated, instead choosing to direct “Ratatouille,” “Mission: Impossible — Ghost Protocol” and “Tomorrowland.” Of course, this is only part of the story and it would be a blatant lie to ignore the more complex reality behind the eventual release of “Incredibles 2” mere days ago. While the appearance of a new supervillain named the Underminer in the final scene of the

first film may have been a narrative cliffhanger, it was the perfect ending on a thematic level. It confirmed that the Parrs — including father Bob, mother Helen and children Violet, Dash and Jack-Jack — had finally come to accept their identities as superheroes. But the presence of the Underminer himself, while fun to speculate about, provided no inherent thematic engine for a potential “Incredibles” sequel. Sure, the Parr family had a new villain to fight, but none of that would matter without a good story to back it all up. Thankfully, Brad Bird and the creative team at Pixar haven’t missed a beat. “Incredibles 2” picks up mere seconds after the conclusion of the first film, yet it’s telling that the Underminer storyline is quickly discarded and ultimately utilized as little more than a catalyst for the subsequent narrative. It’s as if Bird is acknowledging that the first film’s ending was always just a tease, and that the real thematic meat of the Parr family’s story lies elsewhere. After taking down the Underminer, the Parrs are once again faced with the disappointing reality: the government does not want them to use their powers because the damage caused by superheroes is an insurance nightmare. Thankfully, they are given

an opportunity by siblings Winston and Evelyn Deavor to rehabilitate superheroes’ names in the public eye. Helen is asked to resume her crimefighting career as the ever-stretchable Elastigirl for a publicity stunt, while Bob must learn to cope as a single parent for three wild and wildly different children. The premise may be simple, but the film is absolutely packed. It’s a breathless and often breathtaking spectacle, bursting at the seams with humor, excitement and pathos. If the film lacks the near-perfect construction of the first “Incredibles,” it makes up for it with the sheer volume of ideas it aims to address. A new supervillain named Screenslaver enters the picture while Helen learns to regain her confidence, Bob learns to be a more attentive father, Violet learns to navigate high school and Jack-Jack learns to control his powers. Moreover, all of these plot strands are seamlessly woven together. It may have been 14 years since the release of the first film, but clearly that time was productive and well-spent. Not only is the screenplay smart, funny and full of heart, but it even manages to address the criticism that the first film touted Ayn Rand’s philosophy of objectivism. “Incredibles 2” may take place directly after its predecessor,

but it embodies 14 years of hindsight without incorporating any unnecessary nostalgia. This immense ambition on the part of the filmmakers can also be a weakness, though. Like “Avengers: Infinity War,” “Incredibles 2” occasionally shortchanges worthy storylines simply because so much is happening. Of course, the latter is a far tighter and better film, but the central flaw remains. The Screenslaver plot thread in particular feels a little underdeveloped, which is a shame because it should serve as the film’s thematic lynchpin. It’s not that it’s bad — it’s just forgettable. I also wondered whether the humor at times skewed decidedly too adult. Pixar films have historically been masterful at creating stories and jokes that appeal to both children and adults. The trick — a trick that many an animation studio should learn — is not that their films are sprinkled with inappropriate humor that the kids just won’t get. Rather, it’s that their films contain humor and themes that possess a depth the kids will only completely understand and appreciate once they’ve grown up. To be sure, there’s plenty in “Incredibles 2” for the under-12 crowd to adore: Bird seems to have drawn on

his recent experience directing liveaction films to craft action sequences with a scope and scale that are genuinely exhilarating. That said, while it may be a story for children about the importance of family, it’s very much told from the perspective of adults. As I alluded to at the beginning of this review, films like “Cars 2,” “Monsters University” and “Finding Dory” did not retroactively destroy the original films from which they spawned. But none of those films, despite the evident range in quality amongst them, really added much to their predecessors. “Finding Nemo,” for instance, is a great film and would have remained so without its sequel. And perhaps you could say the same of “The Incredibles.” As much as we begged for a follow-up, did it really improve anything? Perhaps not. But “The Incredibles” has one distinct advantage — it’s a superhero story inspired by the world of comic books. These tales are meant to be serialized. In that sense, “Incredibles 2” isn’t the equivalent of Book Two so much as it’s the equivalent of Chapter Two. From that perspective, the film is another gripping entry in a series that I hope will have no proper conclusion any time soon.

SPORTS The Accidental Fan with Sabena Allen ’20

The Accidental Fan: My Boy Benny Sports can be polarizing. In some cases, two people root for competing teams or enjoy completely different sports, while in other cases, one person is a fan and another is not. There is also a perceived tension between those who like the arts and humanities versus those who like sports. While people can like both, examples of harmony between the two in popular media are rare. In high school, I was one of those people who participated in the arts and did not care about sports. I knew people who liked both or were high school athletes, but I never took any interest. More recently, however, I have discovered several entry points for the casual fan and have had a lot of interesting sports experiences along the way. This column will explore the position of casual fans as well as the complex culture surrounding sports. The summer before coming to Dartmouth, I went to my first professional sports game. I was traveling through Seattle with my family, and we stopped for a game at Safeco Field to see the Seattle Mariners play the Boston Red Sox. My dad, who is accustomed to seeing games at Fenway Park in Boston, thought he had gotten a hell of a deal on good seats at Safeco, only to discover that the section was empty minus a few lonely Red Sox fans. Clearly, Sox fans have a unique perspective on what “hell of a deal” means given the exorbitant prices at Fenway. Regardless, I was excited because this was my first game, but I was barely able to follow what was happening. However, soon a rookie came up to bat: No. 40 (now No. 16) Andrew Benintendi. For context, I have since been at a game where a man held

FRIDAY, JUNE 22, 2018



a sign reading: “My girlfriend likes Andrew Benintendi more than she likes me.” Needless to say, “Benny” is easy on the eyes. When his name and number were called at Safeco, people in the stands behind us let out a huge cheer, which was confusing because there was no way this kid had already built up a fan base. Upon getting some food, we had a chance to closely observe the excitable group. We noticed that they had “Benintendi 40” shirts on and realized these people must be friends and family. This was one of the rookie’s first games. Moreover, this was the “in” I needed into the world of baseball; I felt connected to this player and I have been following his career ever since his second ever Major League game at Safeco. I finally understood one of the many reasons why people enjoy watching sports. In fact, a friend of mine watches basketball, not so much to follow the team he likes, but more to follow individual players that he likes. This is one of the possible entry points for a casual or serious fan. Soon after the Mariners win in Seattle, I attended another Sox game, although this time the Sox had a home-field advantage over the Arizona Diamondbacks. This time, the Red Sox won, and Fenway went wild. In addition to my interest in following Benintendi, I also felt the energy of the crowd at Fenway. I finally realized why people like to go to the stadium to watch games. In fact, that is usually the only setting in which I watch games. For me and many others, part of the fun is the experience of being there and watching everything live. Sure, one might not always have a good view, but the people watching is great. That might not be ideal for someone who wants to analyze every play, but for me, it’s perfect. Going to games has also resulted in a lot of funny moments, precisely because I have no idea what’s going on. When my mother and I attend games, we often resort to texting her sports fan friends in order to understand why both teams donned “42” on their jerseys for Jackie Robinson Day, or why everyone wore their nicknames on their shirts for Player’s Weekend. However, becoming a fan also involves more logistical questions like what any of the calls by the referees mean. For someone who does not know the lingo, trying to comprehend what is happening can be extremely difficult. A certain vocabulary is required. This vocabulary barrier is




Sabena Allen ’20 relives her first professional sports game, when the Seattle Mariners played the Boston Red Sox back in 2016.

ironic because my mother actually played softball in high school and college and was a sports reporter for a number of years. Even so, she too has trouble deciphering exactly what is happening at times. This barrier can be a deterrent for up-and-coming fans who are less knowledgeable. It can even be difficult to watch on television when stats and facts are thrown at you as fast as Chris Sale can pitch. What does this leave fans interested in an entry point into this world? An interest in specific players or the fun atmosphere at games is a great place to start, and probably more people share that interest than pop culture would have us believe. However, this is not the image of a sports fan presented to us over mass media. It seems that based on this image, every sports fan must have a signed jersey, watch every game and be capable of refereeing if they wanted to be. This simply isn’t the

case in my experience. For example, I became a sports reporter for The Dartmouth with only a limited knowledge of many of the sports I reported on, but I learned on the job. I talked to athletes and made sure I understood the sport for each article. Working for The Dartmouth, it is very difficult to know everything about every sport in which Dartmouth competes. There is a huge variety of sports, which is something too often passed over in the U.S. due to the prevalence of football. Sports and sports fans come in all different types. I want to provide something for the casual fan to read because we are out there. Everyone has their own reason to love sports, and that is something to be celebrated. We are surrounded by sports logos and games on television; just as I wrote this, someone with a Patriots change purse walked by my table. Even so, at any given moment,

I couldn’t necessarily tell you how the teams I like are doing. I don’t follow scores or watch games on TV, unless it happens to be on in the background. That is something many fans I know would frown upon. No, I can’t talk to you about who the Celtics have traded recently or how they were playing this past season. I don’t follow any of the early season or the training, but I am open to watching and learning something new. I am also always open to news about my boy, Benny, and I will proudly show you my “Benintendi 40” shirt even though he has since switched numbers to 16. I am also willing to tell you his number is the only jersey number I know, aside from Tom Brady’s number, and I only know that because my mother owns a tote bag adorned with Tom Brady’s number. So, that is the story of my entry into the sports world — and yes, I would consider myself a fan, an accidental fan.


For Sabena Allen ’20, a Boston native, the Boston Red Socks have helped foster a better understanding of and appreciation for sports.

The Dartmouth 06/22/18  
The Dartmouth 06/22/18