Page 1


THURSDAY, MAY 17, 2018


PAC and Rainbow rooms reconsidered


By Elizabeth janowski The Dartmouth










Over 900 individuals have signed a petition opposing a joint decision by the Office of Pluralism and Leadership and the Office of Student Life to move the Pan-Asian Community resource room and Rainbow Room from their current locations on the first floor of Robinson Hall. The petition argues that the relocation of these spaces will relegate them from a central location on campus to the “physical margins of Dartmouth.” Following the demands of students, the rooms will become open reservable spaces, according to senior associate dean of student affairs Liz Agosto ’01.

The Rainbow Room, located in Robinson Hall, will become an open reservable space for students.


Student Assembly Hanover votes down Article 7 holds dining forum B y Abby mihaly

The Dartmouth Staff

B y eileen brady

The Dartmouth Staff

On May 14, Student Assembly hosted an opento-campus drop-in forum regarding dining options at Dartmouth with Dartmouth Dining Services director Jon Plodzik. SA president Monik Walters ’19 and vice president

Nicole Knape ’19 facilitated the forum in One Wheelock, hearing the thoughts and opinions of roughly 10 attendees who dropped in over the course of the onehour discussion. College President Phil Hanlon and secretary to the Board of SEE DINING PAGE 5

On May 8, Hanover residents voted down Article 7 of the annual town election ballot, which would have altered their involvement in the town’s budget process. Article 7 decided whether Hanover should adopt SB 2, a New Hampshire state bill which changes the town voting structure. Under the current rules, residents who choose

Geisel professor Hilary Ryder honored with award B y ALEC ROSSI The Dartmouth

Do medical students and their clinical evaluators agree on what constitutes actionable, constructive and helpful feedback? That is the question that internal medicine clerkship director and Geisel School of Medicine professor Hilary Ryder attempted to answer in her study, entitled “Understanding what

to attend the meeting vote on select board elections, zoning laws and other similar articles during a daytime vote by ballot. Residents who choose to attend a separate “business meeting” that evening vote on the select board’s proposed budget with a voice vote. Under SB 2 rules, Hanover’s budget measures would have been added to the daytime ballot, and a separate deliberative session prior to the town meeting day vote would have replaced

the current business meeting. The deliberative session would allow residents to discuss and amend the budget. Under current rules, though residents can provide input at public hearings, the select board alone can modify the budget upward or downward. Article 7 was the only article on the agenda that failed to pass in either the ballot voting or the business meeting. One hundred SEE VOTE PAGE 5


we say: varying cultural competency amongst faculty evaluators on the internal medicine clerkship.” Through her research, which she conducted alongside University of Texas at Austin professor and former Dartmouth anthropology professor Lauren Gulbas, Ryder found that faculty evaluators and medical students often do not agree on SEE GEISEL PAGE 3


Flowers and trees outside of Baker-Berry Library signal the return of spring.


Q&A with professor Stefan Link B y Anna wilinsky The Dartmouth

History professor Stefan Link specializes in the history of capitalism, business and the economy. After receiving his undergraduate degree in Berlin, Germany, Link obtained his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 2012. He conducted postdoctoral work at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy as a Max Weber Fellow. Link is currently working on a book exploring the global impacts of Fordism and mass production techniques during the interwar period. Can you tell me about your experience as a Max Weber Fellow in Florence, Italy? SL: Going to Italy was a beautiful way to connect my graduate school education to going on the market and becoming faculty. It was basically, when I think back to it now, a period that gave me the room to step back and reflect back on my research in very beautiful surroundings. I also met my wife there, so it was a very good experience. How did your experiences as a student in Europe compare to your experiences in the U.S.? SL: I did my undergrad, or what is the equivalent of an undergraduate education, in the German system in Berlin. I never had the college undergraduate experience of the students I teach here at Dartmouth or the students I taught at Harvard. It’s very different — no one lives on campus in Europe, everyone has their own place. The curriculum isn’t predetermined, so you sort of have your own way. I can only really compare that experience to my experience as a graduate student. One of the reasons I applied to do my Ph.D. in the U.S. was that at many of the institutions in the U.S., there seems to be a greater awareness of global connections and a complexity of history. In Germany — I think that this has been changing — but there was a lot of focus on German national history, and that’s something that I found limiting. During my Ph.D. at Harvard, there was a conjunction of turning beyond national histories within the discipline of history towards global questions, but at the same time what interested me was turning toward questions of economic change. What brought you to Dartmouth? SL: Well, I had a couple of options on the table for where to start my career, and there were a few things

THURSDAY, MAY 17, 2018


that attracted me to Dartmouth. It’s a very strong institution in terms of the support they give to faculty for research, and the quarter system is also very nice for faculty. It really allows us to balance research and teaching in a way that one thing doesn’t have to eat up the other. Also, I met my wife in Italy, but she’s actually from New Hampshire. We have a daughter now, and it’s nice to have in-laws close. Those were some of the things that were in the mix. Since I started working here four years ago, my experience working with Dartmouth students has been great because there’s something about undergraduate culture where you all have so many things going on in your campus lives, but the students all really make a good faith effort to try and keep up with the work that professors assign and be engaged with the class. Teaching has often been a wonderful experience. Obviously, all the students at Dartmouth are smart, but I think there is an ethos of taking a class as seriously as you can and keeping up with all of the different demands of undergraduate life that really makes the classroom experience a worthwhile one. Many of your classes deal with bothhistoryandeconomics.What drew you to this interdisciplinary approach? SL: This really has to do with the fact that my formative graduate school years coincided with the fallout of the 2007/2008/2009 financial crisis. It became clear within the discipline of history that the focus of the discipline, what most people were working on, wasn’t really related to economic change questions or questions about economic history. Questions on economic history and change had really been bracketed and much of this had been moved to the discipline of economics. There was a kind of resurgence of asking questions about economic change with a historical prospective, which excited me and made me interested in exploring these coinciding fields. The questions that interested me were, from a historical perspective, how do things like politics and theology actually influence economic outcomes, ideas about economic fairness, distribution and the apparatus that will control distribution? Historians can explore these questions in a very powerful way. One way that I have been doing this is through my current major research project that I am hoping to finish this year. It’s a book on how mass production, especially mass

production of automobiles, migrated from the American Midwest, where it was pioneered in the interwar years, to these authoritarian regimes such as Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. Could you tell me more about the book that you are working on? SL: It’s on the story of the reception of mass production in the 1920s and 1930s in Germany and the Soviet Union. It begins with a sort of political rereading of the emergence of the automobile industry in the American Midwest. It talks a lot about Henry Ford and his skilled labor ideology. If you look at some of the European populists in this era, the 1920s and 1930s, they find Ford’s ideology very interesting. The Soviets weren’t really interested in the ideology piece — they couldn’t be bothered with it. They were interested in the technology. The book really tries to follow three strands: ideology, technology transfers in the 1930s and the question of labor mobilization. There were these great factories emerging left and right that were stateof-the art in the Soviet Union especially. The question was: how do you mobilize people to work in what were ultimately these awful, repetitive jobs? More broadly, I’m interested in understanding the 1930s as a major turning point in global economic history. As I move into future research, I want to do more work on the World Economic Conference in London in 1933 as a lens through which to understand the changes that were wrought by the Great Depression. What advice would you give to students interested in doing interdisciplinary research? SL: I have a lot of students in my classes who are either majoring in economics modified with history or majoring in history modified with economics. My advice would be to expose yourself to both of these disciplines and understand that there are some fairly substantial methodological differences between them, but at the same time you can learn from both. To really keep that fruitful tangent in mind and keep it alive as you embark on any given research project is the most promising way to take advantage of that particular interdisciplinary match-up. Realize that, yes, the way historians and economists ask questions is very different, but both disciplines can really inform each other if there is a good faith effort to do so. This interview has been edited and condensed for clarity and length.

CORRECTIONS Correction Appended (May 17, 2018): The photo printed above the baseball roundup on page three of the May 14 Sports Weekly issue was mistakenly attributed to Michael Lin. The photo was taken by Beverly Schaefer and was originally published on Dartmouth News on Oct. 16, 2016. Correction Appended (May 16, 2018): The article “Powwow showcases the diversity of Native American creativity” was updated to clarify that Native American boarding schools were not necessarily Christian boarding schools, though most had an element of forced Christian assimilation. We welcome corrections. If you believe there is a factual error in a story, please email

Geisel professor awarded for work on evaluations FROM GEISEL PAGE 1

what helpful evaluations look like. In recognition of her work, Ryder was awarded the Association of American Medical Colleges Northeast Group on Educational Affairs Excellence in Medical Education Award on Apr. 28. Ryder said that while they are in medical school, medical students are evaluated on the basis of their clinical performance. As medical students rotate on a service during their clerkships, residents and faculty fill out evaluations with scale questions and comment boxes to describe each student’s strengths and weakness, she said, adding that students also receive feedback on their patient interactions. This feedback is intended to help students improve their clinical work and serve as more effective clinicians in the future, Ryder said. Additionally, this feedback is used by deans in writing promotional paperwork. When writing recommendation letters for residency program applications, deans rely on the observations of supervising faculty and residents, Ryder added. Ryder said her goal for the study was to examine whether students understand the feedback they are receiving and whether faculty understand the feedback that they are writing. By interviewing medical school students in the first part of the study, Gulbas and Ryder found that students had a shared model of how to understand evaluation comments. As a result of these findings, Ryder said she was able to make recommendations to medical school faculty on how to create a written summary that is useful to students. Students generally found that specific details are more useful than generic feedback, she said. To collect data, Gulbas and Ryder’s research team took sample comments from different student perfor mance evaluations and separated them into “meaning units,” where each meaning unit covers one topic of evaluation. Students were then shown these comments and asked whether or not they were helpful. Through multi-dimensional scaling, the researchers were able to develop a model of what constitutes a helpful comment. William Guerin MED’17, currently a medical resident at the Contra Costa Family Residency Program, was part of Gulbas and Ryder’s research team. Guerin said that “the primary work [he] did was gathering all of the data and conducting the 40 some interviews [the team] did with the students.”

The second part of the study, whose content provided the basis for the AAMC award, focused on faculty understanding of evaluations. Gulbas and Ryder studied whether faculty understanding of evaluations is the same as that of students. Ryder and her team discovered that while some faculty members had a shared understanding of comments with students, some differed in their understanding and believed that all feedback was helpful. After discovering these results, Ryder said she sought to determine whether different faculty characteristics contribute to differences in understanding what constitutes helpful comments. Ryder said she found that faculty with “in-depth non-clinical experience teaching had a shared model [of viewing comment helpfulness] with students.” A higher level of non-clinical student interactions, in the classroom and through mentoring, is correlated with a higher level of faculty-student agreement over the helpfulness of a comment, she noted. “Faculty who had focused on graduate medical education or were more engaged in research — who were less engaged in formally teaching medical students — were the ones less likely to discriminate between what was helpful,” Ryder said. Since the publication of her research, Ryder said that Geisel faculty have participated in professional development to address the issues raised in the study. She said that there were improvements in the quality of faculty evaluation comments after this training. Guerin said that his participation in the study helped him improve as a student. “[Getting] to talk to attendings about what they think is helpful and how they are trying to teach [and] … their pedagogic methods was invaluable,” he said. In addition to helping Guerin improve as a student, the study also enabled him to provide feedback to medical students, his peer medical residents and supervising faculty members, according to Guerin. “When I think about giving feedback now, anything I write, I try to be specific,” he said. Ryder said that she is looking into the possibility of replicating the study at Albany Medical College and the Dell Medical School at the University of Texas at Austin. She added that in the future, she may also look at analyzing faculty members from different medical specialties, as this initial study only looked at internal medicine faculty.

THURSDAY, MAY 17, 2018



Plans for PAC and Rainbow rooms change following petition holds weekly meetings in the PAC room, according to 4A member In a plan announced earlier Todd Huang ’19. Both student this term, OPAL and the Office of organizations have cited issues with Student Life revealed their decision accessibility and safety as primary to relocate the Rainbow Room to concerns over the relocation of these Triangle House, while the PAC spaces. lounge would be moved to a room in Members of both Spectra and 4A the OPAL Student Resource Center have expressed discontent over the — known previously as the Center loss of a space that is open 24 hours for Gender in a centralized a n d S t u d e n t “Moving the [PAC location. Mayer Engagement — noted that the in the Choates and Rainbow rooms] Triangle House housing cluster. means our community is only open to According non-resident would lose an to Agosto, students from t h e o r i g i n a l incredibly symbolic 8 a.m. to 8 intention of this and practical space.” p.m. each day, decision was to which would convert the PAC require Spectra and Rainbow -TODD HUANG ’19, to change its rooms to office weekly meeting MEMBER OF ASIAN spaces, which time. She added would be used AMERICAN STUDENTS FOR t h at h o l d i n g to centralize ACTION weekly Spectra OPAL staff and meetings in the increase their Triangle House accessibility to students. may be an inconvenience to the LGBTQIA+ student group residents of the house, who do not Spectra currently uses the Rainbow all participate or wish to participate Room to host weekly meetings, in Spectra club activities and events. community dinners and movie Huang added that the PAC and nights, according to Spectra Rainbow rooms hold historical president Maddy Mayer ’20. Asian significance to many alumni and American Students for Action student groups on campus. FROM PETITION PAGE 1

“Moving the [PAC and Rainbow rooms] means our community would lose an incredibly symbolic and practical space,” Huang said. “Asian Americans do not have a residential space in which to organize like Shabazz, so it is especially important that we have this central room.” The petition, which is addressed to the Office of Student Life, called for the immediate cancellation of any plans to displace the PAC and Rainbow rooms, the permanent installation of these rooms in Robinson Hall, a student-advised renovation of these rooms and a plan to expand spaces for affinity groups in central locations in the future. In an interview with The Dartmouth, Agosto said that there has been ongoing communication among OPAL, the Office of Student Life and concerned students in order to respond to the needs of campus affinity groups. While OPAL and the Office of Student Life currently do not have plans to keep the PAC and Rainbow rooms in Robinson Hall in their current state, Agosto said she has announced a new plan that “will get closer to a place where students feel like they’ve been heard and where we’ve made accommodations to meet their values.” “I know that this has felt

jarring to the student community, Asian community the additional and that wasn’t the goal,” she option to relocate the PAC room said. “I certainly own that our to a room on the second floor of communication structure could have Robinson Hall. The room in the been better and more timely, but the OPAL Student Resource Center, goal was never to displace people or which Agosto envisions developing make them feel invisible.” into a “multi-cultural and multiNow, the current plans for community hub,” remains an option the PAC and Rainbow rooms for its relocation as well. stipulate that In response to they will become the new plans, r e s e r v a b l e “I certainly own that Mayer and Huang s p a c e s o p e n our communication retain some to all students, reservations over structure could have similar to other the planned usage r e s e r v a b l e been better and of the PAC and meeting rooms more timely, but Rainbow rooms as inside the reservable spaces Collis Center the goal was never open to campus. f o r S t u d e n t to displace people “We are still Involvement concerned with this or make them feel and Robinson current decision, H a l l . T h e invisible.” as it undermines Rainbow Room and dismisses will retain its the importance n a m e , a n d -LIZ AGOSTO, SENIOR of safe spaces for O P A L a n d ASSOCIATE DEAN OF these marginalized the Office of communities,” STUDENT AFFAIRS Student Life Huang said. will work in “ T h e partnership [Dartmouth with Dartmouth’s LGBTQIA+ Outing Club] created those rooms alumni association to create a for us — they were one of the commemorative display inside it to first organizations on campus that honor the history of LGBTQIA+ specifically made safe spaces on life on campus. The room will be campus for these affinity groups,” open to campus as a reservable space Mayer said. “I think the reason that between the hours of 8 a.m. to 10 the Office of Student Life and OPAL p.m., after which it will be turned have decided to do this is because over to affinity groups in order to they’ve gotten mixed responses in coincide with the hours during the past over whether those rooms which the Triangle House is not are actually used or if they’re really open, according to Agosto. necessary. Now we’re saying, ‘Yes, Agosto also extended to the pan- they’re necessary. We need them.’”





THURSDAY, MAY 17, 2018



4:30 p.m. - 6:00 p.m.

Lecture: “In the Land of Nunca Más: Genocide, Human Rights, and the Jewish Imaginary in Argentina,” with New York University senior lecturer Natasha Zaretsky, Rockefeller Center 003

7:30 p.m. - 10:00 p.m.

Film: “The Complete Metropolis,” directed by Fritz Lang, Loew Auditorium, Black Family Visual Arts Center

9:00 p.m. - 11:00 p.m.

Concert: “What the Folk?!,” live music from Tall Heights with Laura Jean & the Tiny Top Hats, Common Ground, Collis Center


3:00 p.m. - 4:00 p.m.

Colloquium: “Understanding Cold-Pulse Dynamics in Tokamak Plasmas Using Local Turbulent Transport Models,” with Massachusetts Institute of Technology associate professor in nuclear engineering Anne White, Wilder 104

4:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m.

Colloquium: “Social Network Interventions,” Yale University professor of social and natural science Nicholas A. Christakis, Moore B03

5:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m.

Reception: “Commentary: Fiber Art by Shari Boraz,” Roth Center for Jewish Life

ADVERTISING For advertising information, please call (603) 646-2600 or email info@thedartmouth. com. The advertising deadline is noon, two days before publication. We reserve the right to refuse any advertisement. Opinions expressed in advertisements do not necessarily reflect those of The Dartmouth, Inc. or its officers, employees and agents. The Dartmouth, Inc. is a nonprofit corporation chartered in the state of New Hampshire. USPS 148-540 ISSN 01999931

THURSDAY, MAY 17, 2018



Changes to Dartmouth dining discussed at student forum Plodzik said there are plans to include a café-style dining area in the renovated Trustees Laura Hercod were invited Dana Biomedical Library, located on to attend the forum, though neither the north end of campus. Throughout was present. the question and answer period, he The forum began with attendees acknowledged that the current dining identifying some of their core concerns system is flawed and that changes about dining at Dartmouth. Concerns need to be made — both in terms of included the rollover and transfer dining options and meal plans — to of dining dollars better fit students’ on students’ needs. Plodzik “The model of Declining said his goal is to BalanceAccount; having a set number have Dartmouth long lines at King of swipes doesn’t students enjoy Arthur Flour; d in in g at th e work, and there are Collis Café and College. Courtyard Café; challenges in the According to food options Plodzik, students’ retail — because of for students overarching w i t h d i e t a r y this swipe mentality p ro b l e m w i t h r e s t r i c t i o n s ; — that we’ve got to Dartmouth dining and meal plan is the value of the fix.” options. available meal Once Plodzik plans. arrived,theforum “Value is a big -JON PLODZIK, consisted mainly problem here,” of questions for DARTMOUTH DINING Plodzik said in an Plodzik. He then SERVICES DIRECTOR interview with The fielded questions Dartmouth after on changes to the the forum. “The dining system next year, the possibility model of having a set number of of adding more dining options on swipes doesn’t work, and there are campus and the feasibility of allowing challenges in the retail — because of students to opt out of purchasing a this swipe mentality — that we’ve got meal plan. to fix.” In response to a student’s question To address these concerns, Plodzik about opening additional dining halls, said he hopes to implement a new FROM FORUM PAGE 1

dining system with options for unlimited and block meal plans and features such as guest passes and continuous service at dining halls. The 2018-19 school year will serve as a transition year before major changes are unveiled in fall 2019, according to Plodzik. In an interview with The Dartmouth, Walters said that the forum, the first of its kind of which she is aware, is an essential beginning step in the longer process of improving dining at Dartmouth. “[This forum] is just part of a necessary conversation that may be dragged out in some ways, but that needs to be initiated with more of a student focus,” Walters said. She added that while she expected attendance at the event to be higher, she believes that many students chose instead to provide feedback using an online form sent out prior to the forum. The Google form, which asked students to “Voice [their] concerns!” on how dining can be improved at Dartmouth, received roughly 200 responses, according to Walters. During the forum, Walters brought up many of the recurring Google form concerns to Plodzik. Tamara Gomez-Ortigoza ’21 said she came to the forum because she thought Hanlon and Hercod would be in attendance and she hoped to address concerns she had previously

voiced to DDS. “Since I’ve been here, I’ve been trying to talk to all the dining people, like the directors and the in-house dietitian, to get better options,” Gomez-Ortigoza said. “The forum, since it said that someone from the administration might be there, sounded like a good opportunity for school administration itself to hear what the students think.” She said that she believes the administration has a responsibility to listen to students’ views on dining, adding that she believes the forum was a “step in the right direction” in terms of beginning this conversation. If the administration cares about

students’ opinions on other aspects of the Dartmouth experience, they should care about what students think about food, Gomez-Ortigoza said. “Food is such an integral part of [the Dartmouth experience] — you need to have food to be healthy and to be able to go to class and participate in things,” she said. Walters said that having a member of the senior administration at the forum would have been ideal, as dining issues affect almost every student at Dartmouth. “I wanted the administration to hear directly the grievances that we, as students, have,” Walters said. “This really affects a lot of students.”


Students meet with Dartmouth Dining Services, discussing potential changes.

Hanover residents vote to maintain the town’s voting structure FROM VOTE PAGE 1

and thirty-one residents voted for the passage of SB 2 while 694 voted against. Prior to the vote, those supporting Article 7 said it would increase voter participation in budget matters. Dartmouth government professor and Hanover resident Daryl Press, one of the residents who proposed that the town adopt SB 2, said in a previous

interview with The Dartmouth that the few hundred who attend the “business meeting” under current rules should not decide the budget for the entire town. He said that the adoption of SB 2 would mean more town residents had a voice in the town’s budget. Those in opposition to Article 7 pointed to other towns that adopted SB 2, saying that many saw low turnout at deliberative sessions. Low attendance



Students may find it harder to study inside with beautiful scenery all around.

at deliberative sessions means that small groups with strong agendas could “hijack” the budget, increasing it or decreasing it without the input of the select board or other residents who had not attended the business meeting, Griffin said in a previous interview with The Dartmouth. Griffin said that while most articles do pass, petition warrant articles — resident-proposed articles signed by at least 25 registered voters — like Article 7 are the most likely to be voted down. Petition warrant issues often “come out of left field,” Griffin said, and often surround more controversial issues and may have had less public scrutiny. She said residents may have voted against adopting SB 2 because they did not feel they had enough information. Griffin also noted that most residents follow planning board and select board leadership, especially with petition warrant articles. The recommendation is noted on the ballot. In this case, the select board voted to recommend that the town not adopt Article 7 during a public hearing on Apr. 2. At the hearing, select board vice chair Athos Rassias said low town meeting participation is a problem, and addressing it is on the board’s goals and objectives, according to the

select board’s public hearing minutes. However, Rassias and select board member William Geraghty raised concerns regarding limited information on the effects of the bill in other SB 2 towns, therefore recommending that the town not adopt the article. During the rest of the town meeting day voting, residents passed an article which transfers town-owned property at 42 and 44 Lebanon Street to Twin Pines Housing Trust to replace old affordable housing units with new buildings for senior and disabled residents. Attendees also voted for the trillium to become the town’s new flower to honor its role in helping the town regulate deer populations. In total, seven articles were considered on the ballot, six of which passed. Nineteen articles passed at the business meeting. Eight hundred and thirty-three residents voted by ballot, and 235 residents attended the business meeting, according to town of Hanover director of administrative services Betsy McClain. Griffin called this year’s turnout “normal,” in contrast with last year’s unusually high turnout — over 3,000 voters — due to Article 9, a warrant article relating to student housing, which brought many Dartmouth students to the polls.

According to Twin Pines executive director Andrew Winter, the new buildings at the Lebanon Street “Summer Park Residences” will have 24 units. Winter said the Twin Pines Housing Trust will relocate tenants from the existing buildings into the new building. Construction will likely begin a year from now, according to Winter, as long as the Planning Board approves the Trust’s plan and New Hampshire Housing accepts the Trust’s application for federal low-income housing tax credits. Griffin said the trillium is important to Hanover due to its role in solving the high deer population in the town center. She remarked that deer in the town are “almost like house pets,” tending to freely “mow down” vegetation in town. The trillium is an indicator of this over-browse. The town recently obtained permission from New Hampshire Fish and Game to run a pilot program issuing additional deer tags to hunters during hunting season, beyond the current allowance for one doe and one buck each year. Trillium monitoring will help Fish and Game gauge the effectiveness of the program, and the town has received permission to issue these extra hunting permissions until the trillium population rebounds.





Public Pixels

Run the World, Girls

Net neutrality is a social issue for Millennials. Phones are windows to a digitized world, and people are on either side. The beat of a finger tapping is staccato, like a modern-day attention span. Memory has become a camera that is never turned off. Meet the Millennials. And they are frequently misapprehended. Older generations distinguish between online and offline, using or not using a device. Millennials are not online because they are never offline. The distinctions of older generations are Millennials’ dispositions. They see the world differently, as every generation has, but they also exist more genuinely online. Older generations perceive the internet as a means of communication; Millennials perceive it as a place for self-expression. 1969 was the year that the first computerto-computer message was sent and received. AIM, MySpace, Gmail chatting — these were all services that, more or less, were sent and received. Then Facebook created a space that not only allowed people to communicate online, but exist online; and all that has followed seems to be a part of whatever force it is that has subtly enlarged the world pixel by pixel until people’s conception of themselves extended past their finger tips. The internet has become a public space. Regulations, such as the decision on December 14, 2017 by the Federal Communications Commission to repeal net neutrality, misapprehend wireless communication to the detriment of those who use it most frequently. The repeal of net neutrality was right to no longer regulate internet providers like utilities, but wrong to instead regulate them like the interstate. Back in 2014, the Obama administration lifted a long-standing prohibition on tolling on interstate highways. The roads needed to be fixed, but the money was lacking because it came from the federal gas tax. Ironically, fuel-efficient vehicles, which the Obama administration encouraged, are the cause of potholes even as they are a part of the solution to holes in the stratosphere. Under the Trump administration, Pai repealed net neutrality in order to bring back jobs and make the internet more open. Both approaches to problems related to public goods do not resolve the central problem and make everyone suffer as

a result. Pai’s reason for action shows that he thinks of the internet in terms of economics. He should be thinking in terms of social spaces. Pai was motivated to act by, among other concerns, the fact that capital investment in internet service providers declined by 5.6 percent, or $3.6 billion, from 2014 to 2016. During that time, about $67 billion was invested in tech companies solely by venture capital firms. Pai also claims that he is bringing back the 75,000 to 100,000 jobs that were lost by internet service providers. Net neutrality was repealed in 2017, the same year in which there were 627,000 unfilled jobs in the tech industry. If Pai is concerned for the economy, he should be tailoring regulations to the people driving it. The vote on Wednesday to roll back Pai’s “deregulation” is an affirmation of the Millennial perception of the internet as a public space. Pai, along with many others of older generations, misapprehended the defining pose of the 21st century: the slouch over a device. Where a person of Pai’s age might see bad posture, Millennials recognize that they are holding a portal. There should not be gatekeepers to these portals with the power to demand payment for their services. The freedom to use the internet, like the freedom to drive on the interstate, should have reasonable regulations that do not unduly impinge on personal freedom. The debate over the internet should be about the upkeep of a public place and public good. Treating it as an economic good or service is like perceiving the value of photos posted on social media to be defined by how many likes they received. The internet has become a means of marketing oneself — people are now known as much by how they act online as how they act in person. Everyone decides whether their actions online or offline are calculated or genuine. Millennials are more tech-savvy because their online presence is a social act, not a series of tasks to be learned in order to achieve certain objectives. The government should recognize this social place for the pixels it is by regulating it with personal wellbeing in mind and not pocketbooks.

6175 ROBINSON HALL, HANOVER N.H. 03755 • (603) 646-2600


HANTING GUO, Publisher AMANDA ZHOU, Executive Editor SONIA QIN, Managing Editor BUSINESS DIRECTORS HEEJU KIM & BRIAN SCHOENFELD, Advertising Directors SARAH KOVAN, Marketing & Communications Director CHRISTINA WULFF, Marketing & Communications Director VINAY REDDY, Assistant Marketing & Communications Director BRIAN CHEKAL & CAYLA PLOTCH, Product Development Directors BHARATH KATRAGADDA, Strategy Director YEONJAE PARK, Technology Director

JESSICA CAMPANILE, Multimedia Editor JEE SEOB JUNG & SAMANTHA BURACK, Design Editors JACLYN EAGLE, Templating Editor


THURSDAY, MAY 17, 2018

LAYOUT: Anthony Robles

SUBMISSIONS: We welcome letters and guest columns. All submissions must include the author’s name and affiliation with Dartmouth

College, and should not exceed 250 words for letters or 700 words for columns. The Dartmouth reserves the right to edit all material before publication. All material submitted becomes property of The Dartmouth. Please email submissions to

I want to be successful, and I’m not sorry.

I want to be rich. There, I said it. I am at many CEOs named John on the Fortune this school because I love the people here, I 500 list as there are women, and I am tired love the opportunities afforded to me here of it. and I love the things I am learning here, So here is the truth: I want to be so but I am primarily here successful — so powerful because I expect a high “So here is the and so wealthy — that it rate of return on my Ivy almost hurts. I want to truth: I want to be League education. shout my success from A few weeks ago, I so successful — so every rooftop and hear read a New York Times powerful and so the crowd cheering back. opinion article written I want my success to be wealthy — that it by novelist Jessica Knoll indisputable and not titled “I Want to be Rich almost hurts.” the least bit surprising. and I’m Not Sorry.” I want to hear people Knoll spoke about her say, “Of cour se she lifelong ambition to be made it to the Supreme successful, which, to her, means being Court, the Fortune 500, the White House, rich. She wanted to “write books, but Silicon Valley,” or wherever I want to go. [she] really want[ed] to sell books.” She No matter what career I choose to pursue wanted “advances that make [her] husband after college, I expect to make it to the gasp and fat royalty checks twice a year. top of that field. I may not make it there, [She] want[ed] movie studios to pay but I want my declaration of ambition to [her] for option rights be taken as seriously as and [she] want[ed] the those of my male peers, “I will no longer buy s c re e n w r i t i n g c o m p and I want my shows of t o b o o t . ” H oweve r, into the narrative that brash self-assuredness to she pointed out that be received as warmly as I should dream smaller such bold claims have theirs. traditionally only come or think of myself From now on, from the mouths of men. as any less worthy I will no longer hide or Ambition — the hungry, apologize for the heights take-no-survivors kind because of what lies of my ambition or the — is still coded as a male between my legs.” numbers I expect to trait in today’s society, see in my bank account just as “rich” is “still a in ten, twenty or thirty man’s word.” Knoll’s years. I will no longer first novel “Luckiest Girl Alive” proved buy into the narrative that I should dream itself to be a hit in 38 countries. Lions Gate smaller or think of myself as any less acquired film rights to the novel; Reese worthy because of what lies between my Witherspoon’s production company is also legs. If I’m going to be successful, I want attached to the project. In order to get to to be successful enough to give back the that point, Knoll had to relentlessly promote hundreds of thousands of dollars that my herself with the kind of bravado people parents put into my education and secure call “confidence” in men and “conceit” in them a retirement where they want for women. nothing. If I’m going to be successful, I want Knoll’s article lingered on my mind long to be successful enough to support entire after I read her last line about wanting to charities for years to come, and I want to be rich: “If anyone calls throw my considerable that obnoxious, I want “I want little girls weight behind important to do what men do, and political causes for as to see my face on shrug.” I thought about long as I am allowed. I the way I spoke about my magazines and my want little girls to see my own hopes for success: name in headlines. I face on magazines and demure, unassuming my name in headlines. and always humble. Of want them to realize I want them to realize course, humility is an that they are allowed that they are allowed admirable and necessary to hunger for power to hunger for power trait, but I think about and wealth in the same the phenomenon that and wealth in the way that little boys are occurs in classrooms same way that little socialized to do so. wh e re g i rl s t e n d t o It’s true: girls preface their questions boys are socialized to can do anything. It is with “I’m sorry if this is do so.” time we start acting like a dumb question, but…” they can and should be with stunningly higher the best at whatever frequency than boys. I they do, too. They can think about how it seems surprising — and, be the richest person in the world, the at first, abrasive — to hear a woman speak fastest swimmer, the recipient of the most about her talents and abilities with frank Grammys and the President of the United honesty, shy self-deprecation be damned. States. If that bothers anyone … well, I am I think about how there are almost just as not sorry about that, either.

THURSDAY, MAY 17, 2018





Independent for Independence

Negative Nancies

Allegiance to a political party hinders critical thinking.

The media perpetuates negative candidate coverage and political polarization.

A few months after I turned 17, I dragged member of a political party allowed me my mom with me to the crowded Harlem not to think critically. Department of Motor Vehicles in New These labels, Democrat and Republican, York City. After three hours of waiting do not come close to capturing the nuanced and a disturbingly easy test — think, ideological beliefs held by Americans. They “What does a red octagonal street sign boil down complex, interesting ideas to a mean?” — we made it to the front of the “big government” vs. “small government” line, where I received my learner’s permit. issue, which does a disservice to all Since I was to turn 18 before the end of Americans. As Arianna Huffington put it, that calendar year, the DMV employee the labels have “made us ... look at every recommended that I register to vote while political problem through that obsolete I was there. I considered myself liberal prism of right versus left.” Not only that, and my parents were but these labels are often Democrats, so without entirely inaccurate. The much deliberation or “These labels, country’s Republican discussion, I became a Democrat and presiden t unveiled a registered member of the plan to dramatically Democratic Party in New Republican, do increase infrastructure York. s p e n d i n g — a m ove not come close In the time since I that would traditionally to capturing the registered to vote in early be associated with the 2016, what it means nuanced ideological Democratic Party. George to be a Democrat or a beliefs held by Wi l l , a c o n s e r vat i ve Republican has been commentator and writer t u r n e d o n i t s h e a d . Americans.” for the Cato Institute, a According to a New Republican think tank, York Times piece from recommended that the 2015, Trump’s strongest U. S. w i t h d r a w f ro m supporters at the time Afghanistan, when doing were not Republicans, but registered so was considered a Democratic move. Democrats who had begun to lean right. Some may say that being a member The same blue-collar workers who had been of a party does not require support for the Democratic Party’s poster children for everything that party says or does, which so many years were voting en masse for a is certainly true. But in a country as Republican. polarized as the U.S., the two-party system This is certainly not the first time that this creates an us vs. them dichotomy between country’s two parties have changed course, Democrats and Republicans. I may not overlapped or flip-flopped completely. In have known exactly what I thought about U.S. History courses, students are taught social security or the Keystone Pipeline, but that Lincoln-era Republicans looked a I knew that I didn’t want to be associated lot like modern Democrats, and that the with Republicans. So rather than looking Democrats of the time looked more like at those issues with an open mind, I went Republicans. Political parties, then, do not into all conversations with the assumption represent two different schools of thought that I would agree with Democrats and with clear boundaries that transcend disagree with Republicans. My critical cultural changes. They are well-funded thinking and intellect suffered. organizations that push candidates forward. Polarizing the country into Democrat Sometimes their ideas are and Republican, us and coherent, and sometimes them, makes conversation “Polarizing the they aren’t. and compromise much I did not register as a country into harder than it should be. Democrat because I felt Each side looks at the that the party’s platform Democrat and other as though they are aligned with all of my Republican, us on rival teams — often beliefs, but because I had and them, makes unnecessarily suspicious of the general sense that I was the other and unreasonably a liberal and that liberals conversation and trusting of one’s own. were usually Democrats. compromise much In a letter to Jonathan In fact, I probably couldn’t Jackson in 1780, John harder than it have told you much about Adams wrote, “There is w h a t t h e D e m o c r a t i c should be.” nothing I dread So much, as Party’s platform was, other a Division of the Republick than big government. into two great Parties, each Being a Democrat was arranged under its Leader, a crutch. It meant that I and concerting Measures didn’t have to think too hard about current in opposition to each other. This, in my issues. Sure, there were the few issues that I humble Apprehension is to be dreaded cared about and invested time and energy as the greatest political Evil, under our into researching, but on other issues, I Constitution.” I suspect John Adams would just claimed to think what Democratic be quite disappointed in today’s state of politicians said I should think. Being a affairs.

I don’t mean to open old wounds, but it’s coverage is better than no coverage, it seems time to have a conversation about the 2016 as though an intelligent strategy would be to election and its media coverage. In an age create polarizing and astonishing press about when various kinds of media have more oneself in an effort to stay relevant. Like it or influence over political campaigns than ever not, Trump was able to stay in the headlines before, the 2016 election stands out. The vast because he had a new “scandal” almost and particularly damning negative coverage every week. The overwhelming amount of of Donald Trump, which did little to slow social unrest caused by Trump’s comments his campaign, seems to be reflective of an and actions, and the press coverage thereof, era during which the conventional wisdom simply meant that there was little room to of “no coverage is bad coverage” is correct. discuss Clinton or substantive policy in the If this is true, how should the public consider media. This strategy of overflow seemed to and value the media coverage of campaigns, work, which I believe changes the game of and to what extent do politicians themselves modern politics. now play a role in creating their own press? If the new aim of the political game For better or for Trump, the 2016 election is to get coverage, conduct flies out the will go down in history for many reasons. A window. Politicians would benefit more from study of the election conducted by the Harvard making widely polarizing claims, such as the Kennedy School of Government found that suggestion of a “database of Muslims,” rather Trump received far more coverage by various than attempting to please a wider audience. news outlets during the primary season, of it This also furthers the already increasing mostly positive, despite his conservative and ideological gap between Republicans and particularly problematic rhetoric. Moving Democrats, which a 2014 Pew Research toward the general election, Hillary Clinton study found to be the “defining feature of and Trump both received far more negative early 21st century American politics.” This press than substantive coverage of policies. growth of political polarization could very The study notes that the magnitude of the well be correlated with the current change individual “allegations” surrounding both in media coverage of campaigns and the candidates was rarely questioned, a factor movement toward more negative and more which could have played a personal coverage rather large role in the election’s “If the new aim of than coverage on policy. outcome. Further, the Although they may be the political game Washington Post found that correlated, there appears to during Trump’s early days is to get coverage, be no research that supports in office, media coverage conduct flies out the a causal link between from outlets such as ABC, negative media coverage CBS and NBC was 91 window.” and increasing political percent negative, which polarization. Additionally, is significant considering the normalization of these that candidates in the kinds of behaviors has 2012 presidential election received at most huge implications for minority groups in 38 percent negative press at any given time. America and for the vast group of individuals While the vast majority of Clinton’s and disparately affected by Trump era rhetoric. Trump’s coverage was negative, there are still It is difficult to say if the 2016 cycle is an large differences in the amount of coverage outlier in media coverage, but research and received by each candidate. Regardless of current media trends tend to support the tone, a Washington Post analysis found that hypothesis that both negative and personal Trump’s name appeared in the headlines of coverage of political candidates will continue. almost 15,000 articles during the election In this self-fulfilling cycle, if the media cycle, while Clinton’s name appeared continues to cover candidates who make less than half of that amount. The sheer the loudest and boldest claims, candidates volume of discourse on Trump was at times will continue to become more polarized in deafening; it seemed as though scandal after their claims, which in turn will create more scandal followed his campaign while Clinton polarizing elections. It’s even more difficult to was continually barraged with old issues assert what the media’s role in this relationship concerning her personal life and her conduct should be and what responsibility they have as Secretary of State. This difference in to control the news, if any. There may be no coverage is interesting, as it seems as though prescriptive way to stop this trend or remedy Clinton was not judged for her experience it, but it is important to consider when looking or ability to do the job, but rather for her to the future of this nation in 2020. past failures and controversies. Trump, on At some level, and soon, the American the other hand, was judged for his current public must stop confusing political media remarks, rhetoric and potential rather than coverage with episodes of “Keeping Up with for his experience. the Kardashians.” When the future of this Clearly, the bombardment of negative nation is treated like a tabloid magazine, it risks press surrounding Trump did not stop him not only political efficacy, but the outcome of from winning. If this is the case, what does this entire presidential elections. If this cycle isn’t say about how Americans value scandals and broken, it wouldn’t be unusual to eventually media representation? How should candidates see TV “stars” as presidential candidates themselves change their strategies to reflect and presidents paying off porn stars as a this media coverage? In an age in which bad normalized phenomenon — oh, wait.


THURSDAY, MAY 17, 2018


Green Key Guide 2018: Tinashe leads a promising lineup Tinashe Green Key’s first female headliner has fire and flair. BY JORDAN MCDONALD The Dartmouth Staff

On May 1, we began to prepare ourselves for the arrival of R&B pop star Tinashe on Dartmouth’s campus for Green Key. Since she is the first woman to headline the festival, her performance will undoubtedly be historic — but for many, the artist’s music and even the pronunciation of her name has yet to be imprinted on their minds. For those who are familiar with the California singer-dancer, though, it was no surprise that she was chosen. With training

in the ballet, tap, hip-hop and jazz dance genres, Tinashe has enjoyed consistent online buzz for her skillful choreography and energetic live performances. Her discography is filled with radio hits and certified bops that have, in some ways, overshadowed the artist herself. For this reason, it is quite likely that you’ve found yourself dancing to a Tinashe song at some point within the last four years and simply did not know who she was. Maybe you’ve listened to “2 On” featuring Schoolboy Q , “All Hands on Deck” or “No Drama” featuring Offset, just to name a few of her

Quinn XCII This eclectic indie-pop musician is an artist on the rise. BY LAUREN PINCHUK The Dartmouth

Emerging indie pop sensation Mikael Temrowski — better known as Quinn XCII — has a name that’s a bit of a puzzle. Quinn stands for “Quit Unless Your Instincts are Never Neglected,” an acronym the artist picked up from his professor at Michigan State University. And “XCII” is said “ninety-two,” signifying the year Temrowski was born. Quinn XCII blends pop, EDM, hip-hop, electronic music and reggae into a distinctive sound that appeals to a wide range of audiences. His songs also contrast upbeat, cheery background tracks with

melancholy lyrics, concealing the gloom of breakup and heartbreak with a cheerful sound. The conflicting feelings present in Temrowski’s lyrics reflect a common experience that makes it easy for fans to relate to his music. Temrowski began making music in high school with his childhood friend, electronic dance musician Ayokay (Alex O’Neill). He continued collaborating with O’Neill even after starting college at Michigan State University, where Temrowski’s hip-hop mixtapes became wildly popular and his music career began to soar. Quinn XCII released a hiphop mixtape titled “Shlup” in 2013, but it was his 2015 pop breakout EP

Coast Modern

This L.A. duo brings summertime sounds for the spring. BY MADISON WILSON The Dartmouth

L.A. duo Luke Atlas and Coleman Trapp of Coast Modern bring a beachy, indie-pop sound to Green Key. Scoring tours with groups like The Temper Trap and BØRNS before their first full-length record was even

released, Coast Modern has millions of streams on Spotify and promise an exciting show. The duo’s well-received debut single, 2015’s “Hollow Life,” established their upbeat electro sound. Their self-titled first album was released in 2017 under 300 Entertainment/+1 Records and features an ambitious 18 tracks. Covering everything from alt

most popular party songs. With growing music chart success, these songs tend to be the most played in her catalog, but it is her ongoing rejection of any particular genre which has shaped her fluidity as an artist. With last month’s release of “Joyride,” her third studio album, it is clear that Tinashe is continuing to embrace her musical range. My personal favorite tracks, “Stuck with Me” featuring Little Dragon and “Salt,” are welcome divergences from her mostly trapinfluenced sound. Latching onto the listener with an indie-pop grip and a soulful guitar ballad, “Stuck With Me” and “Salt” are reminders of the artist’s wide range of talent. At Green Key this Friday, I expect that the 25-yearold singer-songwriter will bring


Tinashe is a singer-songwriter with an unusually extensive background in dance.

all of her flair to the stage. For the sake of concert-goers looking to dance hard and fast, her go-to

tracks will set an undeniable and infectious backdrop. All you’ll need to know is how to move.

“Change of Scenery” that put his music on the map. “Kings of Summer,” a song by O’Neill that featured Temrowski, became an instant hit in the summer of 2016 and officially brought Temrowski mainstream fame. It climbed to number one on Spotify’s Global Viral Charts, made regular appearances on Top 40 radios countrywide and was played over 50 million times on Spotify. Some of Quinn XCII’s other hits include “Flare Guns” and “Straightjacket,” which will hopefully make an appearance at Green Key. Quinn XCII played at 70 shows nationwide in 2016 — notably Billboard’s Hot 100 Festival in Long Island — and has been known to excite audiences with his energetic sound and enthralling lyrics. Coming up, Temrowski’s tour includes the Governor’s Ball in New York and Lollapallooza in Chicago, among

many more locations. Even in small town Hanover, Quinn XCII’s

dynamism promises to entertain at Green Key.

rock to electro to indie pop, the album is an impressive undertaking. The record starts out strong with “Going Down,” an upbeat surf rock piece that combines the breeziness of the Beach Boys with catchy power chords reminiscent of Weezer (whom the group cites as an influence). In “Tiny Umbrella” and “Guru,” Coast shows off their production skills with tight beats that give off a Twenty One Pilots vibe. “Yemma” features an interesting rhythmic interlude before “Run It Up,” which returns

to the brightness of the beginning of the record. The acoustic guitar on “Wild Things” provides a nice break from the poppiness of previous tracks. Moving into hit singles like “Hollow Life” and “Groovy,” the group evokes a West Coast vibe with an emphasis on synth. The only divergence from an otherwise exciting and diverse record is “Pogs and Slammers.” Coast Modern’s attempt at a Cakeesque slow rap that, while intriguing, doesn’t quite fit. The album finishes on a high note with “The Way it Was,”

which evokes Cage the Elephant, and closes on “Frost,” a sweet acoustic track that rounds out the record nicely. Hit tracks like “Guru,” “Dive” and the more contemplative “Wild Things” should be exciting live. Atlas and Trapp may even break out their new cover of MGMT’s “Electric Feel,” which adds bass to the indie favorite while maintaining Coast’s playful vibe. The Green Key concert looks to feature Coast Modern’s signature summertime sound in an intimate space.


Quinn XCII will perform at Governor’s Ball and Lollapallooza music festivals this year.

The Dartmouth 05/17/18  
The Dartmouth 05/17/18