VOL. CLXXIV NO.165
TUESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2018
HANOVER, NEW HAMPSHIRE
College debuts new branding strategy
BELLS OF BAKER
HIGH 42 LOW 27
By ZACHARY BENJAMIN
The Dartmouth Senior Staff
NAOMI LAM/THE DARTMOUTH STAFF
FILM REVIEW: ‘THE POST’ PAGE 8
RECAP: ‘HUMAN FLOW’ FILM SHOWING PAGE 8
RECAP: FRIDAY NIGHT ROCK PAGE 7
ADELBERG: NEW COLOSSUS PAGE 4
MAGANN: WHY I BELIEVE IN AMERICA PAGE 4 READ US ON
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In recent days, Dartmouth’s campus has experienced bouts of warmer winter weather.
On Monday morning, the College announced a new communications framework that will form the basis for future communications from divisions across the College. In addition, the College debuted a new visual identity, including a new logo with a new font, an updated “Lone Pine” and a new “D-Pine,” with the Lone Pine placed inside of a “D.” T he goal of the new
framework is to give the College a coherent narrative to use in its messaging, according to vice president for communications Justin A n d e r s o n . D a r t m o u t h ’s various departments, such as admissions and alumni outreach, will all base their future communications on the new framework, according to Anderson. While individual schools and campaigns might have previously had their own internal narratives to use, this SEE LOGO PAGE 3
United Way campaign fails to meet fundraising goals By JOHN FULTON The Dartmouth
Dartmouth’s annual fundraising campaign for Granite United Way fell short of meeting its goal of raising $300,000 by Dec. 31, even after the original deadline of Dec. 15 was extended. As of two weeks ago, around $285,000 had been collected, according to Mimi Simpson, executive director
of the President’s Office. The College’s committee is still receiving donations in hopes of reaching its goal eventually. “Money for the campaign for this year still comes in until sometime in March, so there are things that still trickle in and it’s going up a bit,” executive vice president Rick Mills said. “We’re close.” Granite United Way is the New Hampshire branch of the global charity organization
Hanover committed to renewable energy
By BERIT SVENSON The Dartmouth
Since the town became the ﬁrst municipality in the country to commit to 100 percent renewable energy by community vote, Hanover representatives have attended the second annual national Ready for 100 community meeting in Colorado and proposed community choice aggregation as an aﬀordable prospect for its
renewable energy goal, according to Judith Colla, the vice chair of the Upper Valley Group of the Sierra Club. Additionally, other New Hampshire towns — Cornish and The Plains — have proposals to potentially transfer to renewable energies in 2018, said Allyson Samuell, a community organizer for Upper Valley Ready For 100 Sierra Club. SEE ENERGY PAGE 5
United Way; it serves most of New Hampshire and parts of Vermont. Over 750 local programs are funded in part by Granite United Way. Each year, Granite United Way receives a large sum of money from the College’s fundr a is ing ef for t. Las t year’s campaign set a goal of $275,500 and raised $300,224. The 2015 campaign aimed
NAOMI LAM/THE DARTMOUTH STAFF
SEE UNITED WAY PAGE 5
Dartmouth has not met its United Way goal of $300,000.
Q&A with government professor Dean Lacy
By JULIAN NATHAN
The Dartmouth Staff
Government department chair and professor Dean Lacy has served as the director of the College’s Program in Politics and Law since 2006. The program supports student-faculty research and funds data purchases, interviews, surveys and other research tools. On Nov. 6, 2017, the Sphinx Foundation, an educational and philanthropic non-proﬁt organization based in New Hampshire,
announced that it was awarding the program a $12,500 grant that will be used to fund research fellowships to undergraduate students and faculty members through the 2017-2018 academic year. As a researcher, Lacy generally focuses on topics related to American politics, including elections, lawmaking and public opinion. This term, Lacy is teaching Government 19.01, “Applied Multivariate Data Analysis.” SEE Q&A PAGE 2
THE DARTMOUTH NEWS
TUESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2018
Dean Lacy discusses law program Students reflect on experiences with bats
is that people have more complex surprising result. For instance, with opinions and think about things more the one on ballot measures, we find How did you come to be involved deeply than most public opinion that judges respond to public opinion in the Politics and Law program? surveys give them credit for. I’ve also in some sense. That is, the more DL: When I first got [to Dartmouth] started a project that examines how votes that are cast in favor of a ballot in 2006, I read an announcement federal spending affects outcomes initiative, the less likely judges are to indicating that the Milton and Miriam in presidential and gubernatorial overturn the ballot measure. And, Handler Foundation was looking for elections. In addition, I’m studying even though most states require that a pilot programs related to the law, and I how much people know about the ballot measure addresses only a single submitted an application. We received law and believe that the law is on their subject and not multiple subjects, it the grant, and that grant supported side with respect to hot-button social turns out that courts are less likely to the program for 10 years, which I think issues like abortion, marriage equality overturn ballot measures that address is longer than the Milton and Miriam and gun control. When people don’t multiple subjects. I would’ve expected Handler Foundation anticipated. know what the law is in their state the reverse. With the project on federal or at the federal level, do they think spending, it surprised me that the What’s your favorite part about that the law agrees with their own states that are getting the most money working on the Politics and Law opinion? I also have another project over time are Republican. And, with program? with a Politics and Law fellow from respect to the study about the general DL: Working with students. I two years ago that’s taking a look at public’s knowledge of the law, I was think that getting polarization surprised to learn that more people students involved “Working with b e t w e e n know whether it’s legal to own an in research early p o l i t i c a l assault rifle in their home state than a n d t h r o u g h students on research parties and know which party is more liberal, venues distinct projects and giving why there which party has a majority of seats from things like the a r e f e w e r in the House of Representatives and JamesO.Freedman them the opportunity swing states whose job it is to determine whether P r e s i d e n t i a l to attend conferences that switch a law is constitutional. We often Scholars program, s i d e s i n use the latter questions to measure w h i c h i s f o r and get their work presidential political knowledge, but we found sophomores, and published is what’s e l e c t i o n s that most Americans don’t know senior theses now than in much about politics. But, 75 percent i s i m p o r t a n t . exciting for me.” any time in of Americans know whether it’s legal Wo rk i n g w i t h A m e r i c a n to own an assault rifle in their home students on -DEAN LACY, GOVERNMENT h i s t o r y . state. That’s a pretty technical detail, research projects Lastly, I’m and I was surprised to find how much and giving them PROFESSOR also studying people know about issues that matter the opportunity to why ballot to them compared to how little people attend conferences measures are know about the inner workings of the and get their work published is what’s challenged by state and federal courts federal government. exciting for me. even when they pass by a majority of voters. Do you have any advice for What are you most looking students studying government? forward to in the future for the What prompted you to look into DL: Dartmouth is very much a Politics and Law program? those topics? research university inside of a liberal DL: Working with more students DL: Some of them were just ideas arts college, which means that unlike and seeing more of the papers we’ve that I had a lot of liberal arts already worked on reach publication. after reading “Employers and colleges, we have It sometimes takes years for finished the literature a lot of active research to find its way into print. In and thinking, graduate programs researchers and December, I worked with a Politics “ T h e r e ’ s increasingly expect students who take and Law fellow from five years ago s o m e t h i n g advantage of to get a paper printed in a very good wrong here.” students to produce that. Employers journal. Sometimes it takes that Others I just knowledge rather than and g raduate long for a project to print because s t u m b l e d p ro g r a m s of suggestions for revisions, requests across, like to simply consume increasingly for additional data and other things the project it, and a great way expect students of that nature that inevitably arise. o n f e d e r a l to produce to learn to become a I also hope to expand the size and s p e n d i n g . knowledge scope of the Program in Politics and In 2002, I knowledge producer is rather than to Law to include more students and d i s c o v e r e d simply consume to do research.” perhaps larger projects as well. We t h a t the it, and a great had the chair of the Federal Election s t at e s t h at w ay t o l e a r n Commission visit Dartmouth as a are given the -DEAN LACY, GOVERNMENT t o b e c o m e a guest speaker many years ago, and most federal knowledge there are others that we want to bring spending in PROFESSOR producer is to to campus for general talks to students presidential do research — and faculty members. elections are writing a senior increasingly Republican, which thesis, working as a James O. In addition to serving as the presents somewhat of a paradox. Freedman Presidential scholar, as director of the Program in The projects on ballot measures and a Politics and Law fellow or really Politics and Law, you’re also polarization were student-initiated for in any capacity where you can a professor in the government senior theses, although both students discover something original outside department. What research were also Politics and Law fellows. of the classroom and convey it to topics are you currently looking the public. into? Have any of your results so far DL: I’m studying how people answer surprised you? This interview has been edited and public opinion surveys. My argument DL: Each of the projects has some condensed for clarity and length. FROM Q&A PAGE 1
By SABA NEJAD
The Dartmouth Staff
Members of the Dartmouth community received an unusual message in their emails, on Jan. 11. The message, sent as part of the VOX Daily news digest from visiting Fulbright scholar Ilona Kotlewska Was, informed them that the recent spell of cold weather had awakened several bats on campus and advised them to take the bats to a nearby wildlife shelter. Later that day, a follow-up message from director of residential operations Catherine Henault warned students against trying to catch a bat themselves, instead telling them to contact Safety and Security. While students and staff alike may have been confused and intrigued by the messages, they also raised a larger question: How frequently do Dartmouth residents deal with bats? Interim director of Safety and Security Keysi Montás said that Safety and Security receives an average of four to eight calls about bats every winter term, though they also receive calls regarding deer, dogs, moose, owls and squirrels. Calls come from both residential and academic buildings, according to Montás. After capturing a bat, Montás said Safety and Security releases it outdoors, where it is possible for the bat to freeze if temperatures are low. Earlier this month Wyatt Genasci Smith ’19 found and caught a bat in the hallway of his dorm in the Sustainable Living Center. His first encounter with a bat occurred two years ago and resulted having to receive in four weeks worth of rabies shots, which “sucked,” he said. However, this year he was prepared and said he put on gloves, got a pillowcase and caught the bat. Later that day though, with the encouragement of his housemates and against his preference to keep the animal, he released the bat outdoors. However, not all bats receive the same amount of care. Garrison Roe ’18 said during the winter of 2016, Luke Dawson ’16 hit and killed a bat with a pillow after failing to usher it outside all of the building’s open windows.
“Eventually the bat panicked and started flying around the living room really quickly,” Roe said. The bat was disposed in a dumpster, which Roe described as “sad and gruesome.” Melissa Biggs ’18, a member of Epsilon Kappa Theta sorority, said her first encounter with bats occurred last spring. Biggs said there were also multiple bats in EKT’s house in the summer — one even flew into the living room while several sorority members were watching TV. A second encounter with a bat that spring happened as she was leaving her room to go to class one morning, she said, adding that she immediately called Safety and Security. Over the past summer, EKT also found three bats in the basement — two parents and a baby. “There were so many in our house this summer, I’m surprised nobody got infected,” Biggs said. Karina Martinez ’19, another member of EKT, said her first interaction with a bat dates back to this past summer when she was attending a social event with Gamma Delta Chi fraternity. Martinez said that the bat flew into the basement of EKT and was hit by someone standing next to her, at which point the dead animal fell on her head. She added that the experience was “traumatizing but very funny.” Some incidents run the risk of causing greater consequences. The Center for Disease Control specifies that if a bat is found in a room with sleeping occupants, they should be treated for rabies. During his sophomore summer, Michael Lenke ’15 found a bat in his room in Chi Gamma Epsilon fraternity that had come in through the attic, according to his father Roger Lenke. Although Michael Lenke’s roommate never sought medical attention, after his son left campus, Roger Lenke said he insisted that Michael get rabies shots. Montás emphasized that bats may carry diseases and students should seek medical attention after even a scratch. Kotlewska Was declined to comment, and Henault did not respond for comment. Zachar y Benjamin contributed reporting.
CORRECTIONS We welcome corrections. If you believe there is a factual error in a story, please email email@example.com.
THE DARTMOUTH NEWS
TUESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2018
Office of Communications introduces new typeface and logo FROM LOGO PAGE 1
is the first time that Dartmouth will have a single unifying strategy for communications, he said. “I think that what we’re focusing on here, ultimately, is storytelling, and how Dartmouth tells its story in a way that is authentic and distinctive,” Anderson said. T h e f r a m e w o rk i s b a s e d around five conceptual pillars meant to highlight Dartmouth’s distinguishing characteristics. The pillars are a devotion to the liberal arts; a commitment to the teacherscholar model of education, in which faculty value both teaching and research; treating Dartmouth as a base camp from which community members venture out to explore the world; a sense of adventure; and a sense of place. The planning process took place over a year, soliciting feedback from students, faculty and staff and other community members, Anderson said. He described the process of designing the framework as “iterative,” noting that the five pillars were not selected in a day. “I cannot underscore enough the importance of talking to community members, because that’s where this came from,” he said. “That framework came from the community.” In addition to the strategic framework, the College debuted a new logo with a custom-designed typeface called “Dartmouth Ruzicka,” based on the typeface used on the College’s bicentennial
seal and plaque. That typeface was designed by Rudolph Ruzicka, a typeface designer who retired in Hanover. The College also debuted a redesigned Lone Pine and the D-Pine and introduced a new color palette for use in promotional materials, which maintains the traditional color “Dartmouth Green” but adds shades such as “Bonfire Red” and “River Blue.” Ander son emphasized the importance of designing for the digital age. The newly-designed D-Pine can easily scale in size while remaining recognizable, allowing it to be used across a wide variety of contexts, he said. For example, the College uses it both as a profile picture on social media, where it is more easily recognized than the previously-used photo of Baker Tower, and as a favicon — the small logo that appears in a web browser’s address bar — for the College’s website. During an interview, Anderson also showed conceptual art of how the new insignias could be modified, such as a rainbowcolored Lone Pine that could be used to celebrate LGBTQ+ pride. While the College is open to allowing modifications to the Lone Pine, it does not intend to allow modifications to the D-Pine or Dartmouth logo, he said. The College’s announcement comes at the same time as it looks into several controversial initiatives, such as proposals to expand the size of the undergraduate body and to build new dormitories
COURTESY OF THE OFFICE OF COMMUNICATIONS
The College recently debuted a new font and logo (below) to replace its previous branding materials (above).
on College Park, potentially destroying Shattuck Observatory. Ander son acknowledged the importance of the College’s small size, calling it central to the school’s liberal arts mission and sense of place, but denied that either of the proposed initiatives would be in conflict with the five pillars if enacted. He emphasized that regardless of any increases in the student body, the College needs to expand its housing capacity. “If sense of place is a core value, then you should not make decisions that threaten it,” Anderson said. “That doesn’t mean that you don’t build new buildings. It means that you build new buildings that honor and accentuate that sense of place.”
ZACHARY BENJAMIN/THE DARTMOUTH SENIOR STAFF
Dartmouth unveiled new logo designs Monday, to be featured on apparel, the College’s website and other materials.
Anderson also denied that the the house communities last year to College has any plans to move away design a set of crests with a unified from using the term “college” in design language, which debuted its identity. College spokesperson last fall, Anderson said. Diana Lawrence wrote in an email Astronomy professor Ryan statement that the College has used Hickox, who is also the West House the single word professor “Dartmouth” and who to represent the “I cannot underscore helped lead entire institution enough the the planning as a wordmark process for importance of since 2004. designing the “ T h e talking to community crests, said that undergraduate similar to the h e a r t o f t h i s members, because new College place is essential that’s where logos, the goal to [Dartmouth’s] in designing this came from. identity,” vice the crests was p r o v o s t o f That framework to provide a enrollment coherent visual came from the and dean of language admissions Lee community.” that could Coffin said. be scaled for The College’s various uses. r e b r a n d i n g -JUSTIN ANDERSON, He also noted p r o c e s s a l s o VICE PRESIDENT FOR that the design comes as the process for the a d m i s s i o n s COMMUNICATIONS crests focused office prepares on many of to debut a new the same admissions principles as website, which the five pillars. now includes “ I interactive think in a way, features for this was seen blogging and as something multimedia that could elements like complement video. the brand redesign for Dartmouth Undergraduate bloggers are in general,” he said. currently being trained to use The College will work to roll out the website, which Coffin said the new logo and framework in the he hopes will be rolled out by coming months, Anderson said. He March, when regular decision added that while some aspects are results are released. Anderson being immediately implemented, noted that the admissions office such as using the new logo on the was an early adopter of the work College’s website, other aspects, on the new strategic framework such as using up existing stocks of and has created a new brochure College letterhead and integrating emphasizing the five pillars. the graduate schools into the new The College collaborated with framework, will take place over a New York-based design firm, the coming months. Original Champions of Design, to create the new typeface and Amanda Zhou and Veselin Nanov logos. The firm also worked with contributed reporting.
TUESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2018
THE DARTMOUTH OPINION
CONTRIBUTING COLUMNIST MATTHEW MAGANN ’21
CONTRIBUTING COLUMNIST STEVEN ADELBERG ’21
Why I Believe in America
We can create a more perfect union in fact and in myth.
I love America. Those are controversial words. I’ve met many people who disagree with them. Perhaps our nation stands for the equality and freedom of all people, but we often betray that. We prop up foreign despots and fail to address inequalities. Especially today, under an administration that increasingly sides with America’s inner demons, I’ve noticed among my peers a cynicism toward America. Our Constitution might protect the rights of all, but consider the inequalities faced by ethnic minorities or immigrants or women or a whole host of other groups. Can a nation so steeped in injustice hold any hope of redemption? I believe that it can. The ideals on which this nation rests — ideals of freedom, democracy and equality — are radically liberating. They call for every citizen to live free from tyranny and to face judgement on merit, not on class, race or any other irrelevant factor. By any measure, we’ve succeeded in our liberal experiment; democracy has swept across the world and America has prospered. Still, there’s lingering skepticism toward America’s values. American ideals sound universal, but when they were written they applied only to a subset of white men. And we cannot escape the fact that, at the time of America’s founding, we were a nation built on the slavery of black Americans and the genocide of our indigenous people. The values did not apply as they should have, and in that, America failed. But that failure did not invalidate the American project, and the vision that our founders laid out soon began to counter those inequalities. Throughout our history, Americans have taken action to ensure that our values apply to us all. And we’ve made astounding progress. That original nation cast off slavery, segregation, male-only voting and other forms of oppression, all in the name of its founding values. Far from hindering justice, America’s ideals provided the best weapon against oppression. We’re often right to condemn inequalities, but in doing so we
should remember how effective America’s principles have been at fighting injustice. The story of America is the story of a nation struggling, failing at times, but ultimately striving to live up to its founding principles. When we confront our present-day inequalities, we must keep faith in America’s liberal values. There’s a temptation to condemn the entire nation for some particular inequality when in the moment the nation appears to be an oppressor. But when we bear in mind our history and look to our most successful movements for equality, we see an embrace of America’s founding values. Martin Luther King, Jr. loved America. He, and much of the civil rights movement he championed, didn’t reject America, despite the horrors of segregation that the country allowed. I could understand a black American in the segregated South resenting America, and with good reason. Yet the civil rights movement refused to buckle. Instead, it held America accountable to its values, highlighting the hypocrisy of racism in a country supposedly built on equality. Far from opposing America, civil rights protestors championed America’s true values; as King said, “I criticize America because I love her.” The civil rights movement forced America to confront its injustices, showing the nation that segregation violated our liberal ideals. And for that, we celebrate the members of the civil rights movement as national heroes. The preamble to the Constitution famously sets out a vision for our nation as “a more perfect union,” and that is the history of America. It began with much of the population denied access to American freedoms, but throughout our history courageous Americans have fought that oppression. They continue to fight it today. We are a nation still beset by intolerance and inequality, and we as Americans should fight those injustices. But in doing so, we must never in our anger lose sight of the values that make this nation great. America may never fully live up to its values, but by holding true to our ideals and fighting injustice, we can strive to create a more perfect union.
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Let’s use immigration to Make America Great Again. Politicians like to cast immigration as a partisan issue with stark alternatives and difficult trade-offs: open vs. closed, natives vs. outsiders, safety vs. liberty, efficiency vs. equality. But what if it was possible to give America the best of both worlds? The United States has a powerful set of core values that can lead this country to greatness if we have the courage and the ingenuity to apply them to the challenges of our day. With bipartisan immigration reform on the horizon, America has the rare opportunity to strengthen its economy and its democracy while answering the plea of the American worker. Legal immigration boosts the American economy and improves its competitive edge. Legal immigrants work more for less pay, allowing employers to add jobs and invest in productivity-enhancers for their employees. Currently, legal and illegal immigration combined add a staggering $1.6 trillion per year to America’s GDP, increasing the size of the tax base by 11 percent each year. Lower labor costs can also decrease the competitive advantage of countries like China, where labor is cheaper, by reducing outsourcing, protecting American jobs and reducing America’s trade deficit. To top it off, companies pass lower production costs onto their consumers through lower prices. When immigrants come to the land of the free, America prospers. By endowing America with a faster economy, immigration gives the country the strength she needs to address one of her most pressing problems: the plight of the American worker. Long the backbone of industrial society, America’s workers have suffered in recent decades from stagnating wages, automation, globalization and the collapsing value of a high-school diploma. It’s clear that America’s sinking working class cannot get ahead by clinging to yesterday’s jobs; its members need a hand to pull them up into the digital age of globalization. The American worker demands an ambitious program of job retraining; taxes on even 20 percent of immigration’s $1.6 trillion economic surplus could easily cover the expense and double our present efforts. As immigrants receive 97.8 percent of the economic benefits of immigration under the current system, it is only fair that they help shoulder the economic costs through income taxes that leave their post-tax incomes much higher than they would be in their home countries. Immigrants and workers do not need to be economic or political rivals: They can be partners in an America that lets everyone rise together. Advantages from immigration spill beyond the economy. The democratic process benefits tremendously from the participation of those who are Americans by choice. In today’s era of fake news and polarization, well-informed citizens with an appreciation for American civics are in dangerously short supply — in a 2012 study by Xavier University, only 65 percent of American citizens answered more than five out of 10 questions correctly on an immigrant naturalization form. With an impressive 97 percent pass rate on the citizenship test, immigrants understand American democracy and appreciate the hard-
won privileges of citizenship enough to opt into supporting the American political system. The benefits of this dedication to America’s political system manifest itself in many different ways, from the immigrants serving in Congress to the two children of immigrants on the Supreme Court. Immigration is not just good economics: It is good civics. This vision is not utopian. It is within the reach of upcoming comprehensive immigration reform. President Donald Trump’s pledge to “sign whatever” Congress sends him and “take all the heat” for it has opened a rare window for bipartisan reform. The present system is based on a draconian system of arbitrary quotas, convoluted bureaucracies that can take years to navigate and a porous border that is open only to illegal immigrants and criminals. The government can do much better. Enough is enough. Congress needs to streamline the bureaucracy and end the quotas. We must open America’s golden gates to every man, woman and child without demonstrable risk of criminal or terrorist activity. The executive branch must uphold its oath of office and keep the border watertight, funneling aspiring immigrants through the legal immigration system instead of the high-crime, low-assimilation, low-opportunity illegal immigration trap. The United States does not have to push immigrants into illegal status from day one, then act surprised when they turn to illegal activities for survival. We can extend the blessings of civil society to our arriving neighbors rather than condemn an illconceived underclass to desperate subversion against it. To succeed, these reforms require cooperation from both sides of the aisle. America needs Democratic enthusiasm for openness, diversity and New Deal-style programs for the American worker as much as she needs Republican zeal for crushing bureaucracy, restoring rule of law and, yes, building border walls. Immigration is not a partisan issue. It is an American issue, and both parties can deliver for their constituencies by working together. Comprehensive immigration reform promises both liberty and rule of law, both prosperity and equality, both openness and protection, both compromise and integrity, both American values and universal values. In Emma Lazarus’ poem “The New Colossus,” which is engraved at the base of the Statue of Liberty, Lady Liberty proclaims, “Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp! / Give me your tired, your poor, / Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, / The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. / Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, / I lift my lamp beside the golden door!” This defiant demand was no act of charity. This living symbol of American greatness was built by immigrants. As we build a new American colossus in the age of globalization, we must welcome everyone offering to make it greater. America is a universal vision without borders — let the other nation-states keep their ways of life, but let Lady Liberty amass the collective greatness of every individual soul yearning to breathe free.
THE DARTMOUTH NEWS
TUESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2018
Campaign raises funds Hanover makes progress on energy for community groups town manager Julia Griffin was among residents who had jump On May 9, 2017, Hanover became started the movement two years the first New Hampshire town to prior to the vote as a private citizen, commit to 100 percent renewable installing 24 solar panels on her energy by the year 2050. This goal roof and ultra-low temperature heat was established as part of the Sierra pumps in her home. Club’s nationwide campaign Ready “By making that investment, for 100, a movement dedicated in about 10.5 to 11 years, we won’t be paying for to implementing electricity anymore,” solutions that will help Griffin said. “We will communities achieve “You’ve got be significantly more 100 percent clean, to make it fuel-efficient than we renewable energy by possible for are now and at no 2050. cost.” A c c o r d i n g t o everybody to Recognizing the Samuell, Hanover’s high prices of many ability to become get involved.” renewable energ y the first U.S. town to sources, Griffin noted approve the Ready for -JULIA GRIFFIN, the importance 100 goal by popular of breaking down vote demonstrated the HANOVER TOWN socioeconomic barriers community’s strong MANAGER to contributing to the support. town’s goal. Colla said “You’ve got to community choice aggregation — a program that make it possible for everybody to enables municipalities to buy and get involved,” Griffin said. “Not just generate electricity for their residents people who happen to have enough and businesses of their area — has disposable income to put solar panels been discussed a potential option on the roof or put in a new ultra for Hanover’s transition toward efficient furnace or install heat.” Samuell attributed the town’s renewable energy. Over the past year, Hanover commitment to Griffin’s leadership residents have taken significant steps as “an incredible town manager who to begin their transition to total really sees the vision for Hanover reliance on clean energy. Hanover being powered by 100 percent FROM ENERGY PAGE 1
FROM UNITED WAY PAGE 1
to raise $295,000 and raised $295,509. The College has orchestrated a fundraising drive for Granite United Way each year for over four decades, Simpson said. On Dartmouth’s committee, a re presentative from ever y academic and administrative department helps organize the effort. The committee launches “a viral campaign that reaches out and solicits contributions” from College employees, Mills said. Faculty and staff are able to donate through payroll deductions in addition to one-time gifts. “ Yo u c a n s i g n u p f o r a contribution and say, ‘How much do I want out of my check each month?’” he said. “It works well for employees.” Mills said that there are several reasons why Dartmouth has had such a long history with Granite United Way. Several decades ago, Granite United Way was the only organization that provided a broad platform for employees to donate to many different organizations, he said. “Pre-internet, it wasn’t easy for organizations to fundraise for their own activities, so United Way became the collecting facility that let both employers steer money to a lot of different institutions and let institutions apply to one place
to get money,” Mills said. In addition, Granite United Way currently supports many Upper Valley charities that are important to locals and students, he added. For example, WISE offers support for individuals impacted by sexual and gender-based violence on campus and is partly funded by Granite United Way. Granite United Way funds WISE’s 24-hour crisis line, emergency shelter program and prevention and education program, according to WISE executive director Peggy O’Neil. While Granite United Way provides only $27,000 to $28,000 of WISE’s $1 million annual operating budget, it is still necessary money, O’Neil said. “It’s funding that we count on because of the flexibility of the funds we get,” she said, adding that unlike some grants, United Way funds can be applied “where [they’re] most needed.” According to O’Neil, donors can feel confident that their funds will be properly and meaningfully allocated, due to United Way’s rigorous grant application and review process. While this process requires a lot of work from organizations like WISE, “it’s a great check and balance for donors, knowing there’s just a really thorough process to how these dollars are being stewarded for the good of the community,” she said.
renewable energy.” In late July 2017, Hanover teamed up with Dartmouth to travel to Golden, Colorado for the secondannual meeting for Ready for 100 communities. Griffin said that Hanover was the town at the conference of approximately 50 communities that also brought their institutional partner — the College — to the meeting. Samuell noted that a significant amount of work toward sustainability is now being accomplished at the city level rather than the federal level. “It’s gaining a lot of momentum,” Samuell said. “We’re pretty much seeing a commitment a week in 2018.” This movement is instrumental in the “mitigation of climate change,” according to Samuell. With the transition to cleaner energy sources, the town plans to further reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. “We are very mindful of saving energy,” Colla said. “Not just switching to renewables, but also making our buildings more efficient and our lifestyles less dependent on the automobile.” Colla added that Hanover hopes to collaborate with other towns to “ultimately slow down global warming by acting locally and thinking globally.”
THE DARTMOUTH EVENTS
TURN ON, TURN OFF
TUESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2018
CAROLINE COOK ’21
4:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Lecture: Cryptococcal Virulence Strategies: Fungal-Phagocyte Interactions and their Contributions to Disease,” with Washington University in St. Louis postdoctoral fellow Felipe Santiago-Tirado, Chilcott Auditorium, Vail Building
4:15 p.m. - 5:30 p.m.
Lecture: “Plasma Turbulence in Velocity Space,” with postdoctoral fellow Tak Chu Li, Spanos Auditorium, Cummings Hall
4:30 p.m. - 6:00 p.m.
Art Installation: “Stories of Migration,” with artist-in-residence Khulekani Msweli, Russo Gallery, Haldeman Center
TOMORROW 4:30 p.m. - 6:00 p.m.
Lecture: “Social Impacts & Benefits of Oil Development in the Arctic,” with Aalborg University professor Anne Merrild Hansen, Haldeman 41 (Kreindler Conference Hall)
7:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m.
Performance: Musicians from Marlboro, a string quintet performing Ludwig Beethoven, Johannes Brahms and more, Spaulding Auditorium, Hopkins Center for the Arts
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TUESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2018
THE DARTMOUTH ARTS
Recap: Madison McFerrin and Deem Spencer headline crowd-pleasing performance at Friday Night Rock
By JORDAN MCDONALD The Dartmouth Staff
Friday Night Rock hosted a concert this weekend featuring soul artist Madison McFerrin and rap artist Deem Spencer in a continuation of its efforts to bring live music to campus. Founded in 2004, FNR began when a group of Dartmouth students, frustrated with the absence of live music at the College, came together in a collective effort to fill the void. As of 2013, Friday Night Rock shows take place in Sarner Underground, a venue with a 300-person capacity and professional staging, audio and lighting capabilities. On Friday night, my friend and I attended an FNR show for the first time. As a D.C. native, I have become accustomed to living in a major city with many concerts and venues to offer. Upon arriving in Hanover, I also came to realize what
the FNR founders learned about the audience to come closer and sharing difficulty of finding live music at and stories about herself throughout near the College. the length of her I had taken for set. She opened her “[Madison granted the amount performance with of live music and McFerrin’s] a cover of Britney performances that voice and Spears’ immortal were accessible to classic “Toxic.” Her m e b a c k h o m e. creativity were take on the song was So I was excited in full showcase, electric, illiciting to see what bands new dimensions FNR would bring revealing her f ro m t h e e a rl y to campus, hoping musical style 2000s hit. After that intimate shows war ming up the described by in Sarner would crowd, McFerrin come to satisfy my music reviewers to performed songs h u n g e r fo r l i ve as a soulful from her debut music in the ways EP released in that my hometown’s interpretation of December 2016, 9:30 Club had for so a cappella.” entitled “Finding long. Foundations: Vol. M c Fe r r i n , a I,” and later shared singer-songwriter a few songs from her based in Brooklyn, New York, upcoming studio project, “Finding took the stage first. McFerrin was Foundations, Vol. II.” a bubbly presence, inviting the Performing her own music,
McFerrin glowed. Her voice and stage altogether. Hailing from creativity were in full showcase, Jamaica, Queens, Spencer’s music reve a l i n g h e r mu s i c a l s t y l e consisted of raw reflections on his described by music reviewers as a journey growing up in New York soulful interpretation of a cappella. City. Embracing an emotional T h e N e w Yo rk ruggedness, Times noted that “There was S p e n c e r ’ s M c Fe r r i n “ s h o w s music carried w o n d e r f u l v o c a l an urgency the emotional d e x t e r i t y, d e f t l y to [Deem weight of heavy swerving from sharp, pection. Spencer’s] music iAsn t rao srap clearly enunciated artist, staccato bursts to that was visceral Spencer’s music f luttery, free-for m and undeniable, diverges from melismata.” Having the Atlanta trapseen her in person, I bringing the inspired moment am inclined to agree night to a close that has come to with such f lowery inform popular rap with intensity language. music in 2018. T h o u g h I w a s throughout the Spencer’s style unfamiliar with is stripped down, set.” McFerrin’s work, I bare with little was mesmerized by enhancement. the unique quality of her voice While exploring many of the as she constructed her songs in topics that consume art — love, real time. Looping her voice loss, pain and struggle — Spencer into her backtrack, McFerrin offer his own brash take on the guided the audience through her art of remembering. There was creative process. During each an urgency to his music that was song, she would step on her loop visceral and undeniable, bringing pedal and brought to life a full- the night to a close with intensity bodied performance with just a throughout the set. bit of technological assistance. In At the end, I left the show addition to sharing her sheer talent, refreshed. Live music has always McFerrin shared her personality been a stabilizing force in my life, stopping to quip about her dreams and after my first few weeks of and setbacks. By the end of her Hanover winter and classes, it was set, the audience was inspired by nice to attend such a high-energy her beautiful voice and the woman event. FNR provided me with an who wielded it so well. alternative to mundanities like the Spencer followed McFerrin, weather and homework, and for bringing a different energy to the that I am grateful.
THE DARTMOUTH ARTS
TUESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2018
Review: ‘The Post’ highlights veteran actors yet fails to impress
By SEBASTIAN WURZRAINER The Dartmouth Staff
“Tom Hanks and Meryl Streep were a bit shoddy in ‘The Post,’” said no one ever. Everyone and their mother anticipated that Steven Spielberg’s newest film about The Washington Post’s struggle to publish the Pentagon Papers would net Academy Award buzz for these two seasoned actors, who are among the most well-respected members in their industry. Even though every review I have read, watched or heard about “The Post” mentions how good Hanks and Streep are in the film, of course, I will too. However, there’s a reason for that. Our innate expectation that Hanks and Streep will be great belies how refreshing it feels for those expectations to be fulfilled. Yes, both will probably get those Oscar nominations, but deservedly so. As for the movie that surrounds them? It’s well-made, it’s timely, it’s historically informative — and it’s just fine. “The Post” is not one of Spielberg’s home runs. It lacks the gravitas of “Schindler’s List,” the gut punch of “Saving Private Ryan,” the attention to detail found in “Lincoln” and the existential introspection of “Munich.”
Much like Spielberg’s previous Hanksdriven historical thriller “Bridge of Spies,” there is a comfort and satisfaction to be found in the work of individuals who are so obviously masters of their craft, even if the end result isn’t exactly stellar. If the quality of Hanks and Streep’s performances shocks no one, then it might surprise some that the film does not open in a sterile newsroom. Instead, we find ourselves in the thick of the Vietnam War, tracing the experiences of military analyst Daniel Ellsberg (Matthew Rhys). Although these scenes do eventually connect back to the film’s main story about the Pentagon Papers — Ellsberg, after all, released them — its primary purpose is thematic. The device helps anchor the importance of the papers later on in the film. This isn’t just a story about government lies and conspiracies; it is also about lives needlessly sacrificed fighting an outcome that had long since been determined. In that regard, “The Post” succeeds where many historical dramas fail — we may already know the eventual outcome, but we’re still in suspense as we come to appreciate what exactly is at stake. After the brief prologue in Vietnam, we fast forward a few years and meet Streep’s Kay Graham and
Hanks’ Ben Bradlee, The Washington Post’s publisher and executive editor, respectively. Graham is a timid recent widow inheriting the newspaper from her father and deceased husband. Bradlee is a frustrated, no-nonsense reporter who is initially among the cohort of men who question Graham’s leadership skills because she is a woman. Given that Streep often plays headstrong characters and Hanks is always the nice guy, it initially appears as though these two are playing against type. Although that turns out not to be entirely true, the subversion of expectations does help lend an extra layer of depth to both performances. The film doubles down on presentday parallels, highlighting both Graham’s struggle in a male-dominated work space and Bradlee’s unwavering conviction in the newspaper’s responsibility to uphold the First Amendment despite, or perhaps because of, a corrupt and lying White House. Sometimes these parallels are incorporated deftly; other times they are a little obvious. In certain scenes, it’s hard not to sense Spielberg and screenwriters Liz Hannah and Josh Singer knowingly winking at the audience. This all comes to a head during the final scene, which essentially sets up The Washington Post’s involvement in the Watergate
scandal. It’s an odd moment and a rather silly way to end an otherwise self-contained and satisfying film. The screenplay also shortchanges Graham’s character somewhat during the first half, sometimes only showing her intermittently throughout the drama. To a certain degree, I can understand the dilemma in which the writers probably found themselves. The whole point of Graham’s character arc is that she becomes substantially more involved in the newspaper as the coverage of the Pentagon Papers becomes more contentious. Ergo, it would defeat the whole point of the film for her to be portrayed as a pivotal player during some of the earliest plot developments. That said, there are two back-to-back scenes in the middle of the film where Bradlee’s wife and Graham essentially have monologues exploring Graham’s past and the bevy of internal conflicts she must work through. It proves to be really compelling content, and I only wish that the film had spent more time during the first act building up those aspects of her character. That said, when the film does get going during its second half, it is quite riveting. One of the best scenes involves Bradlee and his team of reporters sitting on the floor of his house, surrounded by unsorted pages from the Pentagon
Papers, desperately trying to piece together the truth. In many ways, that scene is Spielberg at his best. After decades of being the most recognizable director in Hollywood, Spielberg’s greatest asset is the restraint he shows when depicting subject matter for which he has a certain reverence. He allows the drama to develop naturally, fluidly — it’s the work of an old hand who knows that less is more and his films are all the better for it. The closest comparison in recent memory to “The Post” is probably the Best Picture winner from 2015, “Spotlight,” which Singer also cowrote. While I have no doubt that “The Post” will also be up for serious Oscar consideration, I also have no doubt that “Spotlight” is the superior film. “The Post” might seem timelier, to be sure, but that can also be detrimental because the piece is almost too selfaware. Occasionally, these characters feel more like cyphers commenting on modern day circumstances rather than flesh and blood. “Spotlight,” on the other hand, isn’t burdened in the same way. Its aim was to tell a compelling drama, and in the process it succeeded in becoming a great film. “The Post” is certainly compelling and dramatic in its own right, but it does not achieve the same result.
Recap: ‘Human Flow’ captures the global refugee crisis By ELIZABETH GARRISON The Dartmouth
A single boat bobs on the Mediterranean Sea. The malnourished and dehydrated men, women and children onboard, suffering from infectious diseases and scurvy, huddle together. Their bright orange ponchos pop out against the dark water. A couple of the women are heavily pregnant, and one of them has to be rushed to a hospital for an emergency delivery. This is just one snapshot into the difficult lives of refugees. Those on the boat were just 720 of the approximately 18 million refugees fleeing from sub-Saharan Africa in search of a better life. “Human Flow,” a documentary on the global refugee crisis by Chinese artist and filmmaker Ai Weiwei, played Saturday night at Spaulding Auditorium in the Hopkins Center for the Arts. Filmed in 23 different countries, “Human Flow” captured
a powerful visual image of the crisis that currently plagues over 65 million people. Johanna Evans, acting film manager at the Hop, said she first heard about “Human Flow,” which debuted on Oct. 20, 2017, when working at the Telluride Film Festival in September 2017. In the past, the Hop had programmed other films about Weiwei such as “Ai Weiwei: Never Sorry.” “We have one particular view of how the global migration issue is going to affect us,” Evans said. “But, what I think is great about Weiwei’s film is that he’s trying to look at the entire world and portray this as a global issue that affects all of us.” Evans noted the mix of media included in the film as part of the attraction of the film from an artistic standpoint. “[‘Human Flow’] combines footage of people shooting their own experience on an iPhone with large scale drone footage of how huge the
migration is in some instance,” Evans said. “It shows both the intimate parts of this experience and the massive global scale of what this issue is.” When Dennis Wegner, advisor for the Max Kade Living Learning Community, located in the Max Kade German Center, heard that “Human Flow” was coming to the Hop, he knew that residents would be interested in the film because the migrant issue is such a hot topic in Germany. Indeed, Germany is one of the countries highlighted in Weiwei’s film; Weiwei captures crowds of migrants attempting to cross into Hungary to reach Germany. Wegner said that he invited the other Living Learning Communities to participate due to the global pattern of migration. Wegner held a discussion on the refugee crisis to provide interested students with deeper context prior to the film screening. He invited Haley
Johnston, a graduate student in the Master of Liberal Arts program in the globalization studies track, to be the guest speaker. Johnston wrote her undergraduate thesis on the migrant crisis in Europe and worked at a refugee center in Canada for two summers, during which she met refugees from over 30 different countries. In her talk, Johnston dispelled common misconceptions about refugees, stating that while people often assume that all refugees are poor and uneducated, in reality, they come from a variety of socioeconomic backgrounds. Johnston said that refugees may have been well-off in their home countries but were forced to leave out of fear for their lives, pointing to the fact that they were able to get out of their home country as an indicator of relative resources. Jenna Thompson ’20, a member of the German LLC and a film and media studies and psychology double
major, said she was interested in attending the discussion and viewing “Human Flow” because she wanted to learn more about the refugee crisis. “When [Johnston] asked us to picture what a refugee looks like, admittedly I imagined a Syrian mother with a small child, because that’s what I’ve been fed through the news,” Thompson said. “I thought her way of going through the misconceptions and knocking them down was a very impactful way to portray this crisis.” Thompson added that the medium of film felt like an appropriate mechanism to learn more about this kind of topical, complex issue. “I love film, and I especially love film when I think it can make a difference,” Thompson said. “It can educate people about things that are outside of their personal bubble. Fortunately, this is one thing I haven’t had to deal with, but I know affects millions of people. So, I thought this was something I should learn about.”