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Medical Professionals

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Prostate MRI Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. The American Cancer Association predicts there will be 164,690 new cases of prostate cancer in 2018. It is typically diagnosed in men 65 years and older. One out of every 41 men will die of prostate cancer. Despite these ominous statistics, most men diagnosed with prostate cancer will not die from this disease. This is due to early diagnosis and treatment. One of the newest tests in diagnosing prostate cancer is the prostate MRI.

Q: What is prostate MRI?

A: The MRI is a machine that uses a powerful magnet instead of

Q: What is the prostate gland?

A: The prostate gland is found in men, located in the pelvis just

below the bladder at the base of the penis. Its function is to excrete fluid which helps make up semen. It is the size of a walnut, but it can grow. As men get older, most prostate glands grow in a condition called benign prostatic hypertrophy. It is not known why this enlargement occurs; however, it is not cancer, nor does it cause cancer.

Q: What is prostate cancer?

A: Prostate cancer occurs when the cells of the prostate gland grow

This subtle prostate cancer is located in an area that is difficult to biopsy. This MRI guided the urologist to the exact location of the cancer so it could be removed with surgery

uncontrollably. Some cases of prostate cancer can grow and spread quickly; however, in a great majority of cases the prostate cancer grows very slowly. In most cases, men will never know they have prostate cancer because it is not causing symptoms or affecting their health. It has been shown that 70% of all men in their eighties who die from other causes will have prostate cancer found incidentally at autopsy.

Q: How do you diagnose prostate cancer?

A: The digital rectal exam is the most commonly used physical exam to diagnose

prostate cancer. The doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to examine the prostate. The doctor can evaluate the texture and size of the gland, and is able to feel for suspicious nodules. There is a blood test called a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test that is used to determine the presence of prostate cancer. PSA is a protein produced by the prostate gland. It is normally found in the bloodstream in very small quantities. If there are elevated levels of PSA in the blood, this could be a sign of different diseases of the prostate gland, including prostate cancer. If there is a suspicion of prostate cancer, a urologist will perform a biopsy. Usually 12 individual core samples of the prostate gland will be performed in various locations to detect cancer.

radiation to create images of the body. A prostate MRI is able to create excellent images of the prostate gland. It is used to diagnose prostate cancer and to determine whether the cancer is contained within the prostate gland or has spread outside of the prostate gland. It is also able to detect other non-cancerous diseases of the prostate such as prostatitis (infection of the prostate gland), an abscess of the prostate gland, and benign enlargement of the prostate gland called BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia). Some centers use an endorectal coil. This is an instrument that is inserted into the rectum and is used to help obtain the images of the prostate gland. Our powerful cutting-edge MRI is state of the art and uses the most sophisticated computer system available to create the most detailed images possible. Our MRI does not require the use of an endorectal coil and therefore creates a much more comfortable experience for our patients.

Q: Are there limitation of the prostate MRI?

A: Certain patients have implanted devices such as pacemakers,

spinal stimulators, cochlear implants, and blood vessel stents that are not compatible with an MRI and therefore can pose a danger to the patient. Patients with hip replacements are safe to enter an MRI; however, the metal of the hip replacement can distort the images of the prostate gland. Prostate MRI is a new and exciting test to detect prostate cancer in men. You may wonder why I would be discussing prostate cancer in a newspaper dedicated to women. I have found that in many households, women manage the healthcare for their families. Most questions I am asked about prostate MRI have been from women inquiring for their husbands, fathers, or uncles. Therefore it is important for both men and women to have the information they will need regarding prostate health.

Toms River X-ray uses the most advanced technology available on the market. We believe this is the best thing we can provide for our patients. As always, if you have any questions, please feel free to contact our staff at (732) 244-0777. Cyrus Khorrami, M.D. Medical Director

PARVIZ KHORRAMI, M.D. CYRUS KHORRAMI, M.D. Founder Medical Director PARVIN MOTEMADEN KHORRAMI, M.D.

732-244-0777

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Deer Chase Professional Park • 154 Route 37 West • Toms River, NJ 08755 • Fax: 732-244-1428

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The County Woman Magazine www.TheCountyWoman.com

July/August 2018

Ocean County Woman - July/August 2018  

The County Woman ™ is part of a nationally syndicated publication and has been around for over 31 years. There are over 371 other counties t...

Ocean County Woman - July/August 2018  

The County Woman ™ is part of a nationally syndicated publication and has been around for over 31 years. There are over 371 other counties t...