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COLLEGE TRIBUNE Volume XXVI 9th October 2012

Issue 3 Independent Student Media Since 1989

ROBERT NIELSON EXPLORES WHETHER GENEROUS WELFARE BENEFITS CAN BE LINKED TO HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT

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INSIDE

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Possibility of direct election for USI representatives Jonny Baxter Writer

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he Union of Students in Ireland (USI) remains intact following a decision by the students of Trinity College Dublin to maintain their affiliation with the organisation. In a referendum held last week, those campaigning against disaffiliation won with 61.5% of the vote. UCD students are expected to cast their vote on the same issue in November. In a debate held in TCD by The Phil and The University Times in the run-up to the vote, the USI was described by David Byrne, arguing in favour of disaffiliation, as a “bureaucratic, undemocratic mess”. When questioned about the legitimacy of the USI, given that its officers are not elected directly by students, its President, John Logue, revealed that “one thing we’re looking at this year is actually having an on-the-ground ballot for the presidency of the USI”. This however, is in conflict with the opinion of the UCD Students’ Union Campaigns and Communications officer, Paddy Guiney, who responded to a similar question by saying “I wouldn’t agree, certainly not, with having campus wide elections for USI sabbatical officers, even though they are national representatives”. According to Guiney, holding further elections throughout the year could lead to students becoming “completely disenfranchised”. Instead, he emphasized the importance of engagement “from Union class reps to their own class ... on every single issue, and one of those issues is certainly the candidates for USI”. Logue and Guiney made respective references to the fees prefer-

endum and upcoming disaffiliation referendum as examples of students directing the policy of the Students’ Union. Logue was also keen to stress that the goals pursued by the USI were not decided by USI officers but rather by the annual student congress, saying “our whole direction for the year is based on the outcomes at congress”. Logue also noted that “institutions like UCD or TCD have a huge say [at USI congress]” and when questioned further as to whether students can be guaranteed that the best candidates will be chosen, given that delegates could potentially go against the prevailing view of the students they represent when voting for USI officer board, he again referred to the possibility of direct elections taking place. “Anything that will increase the democratic nature of the organisation has to be looked at” Logue stated. Asked if the USI would be looking at instituting a more directly democratic process, Logue again cited the possibility of the next President being elected by the student body but also said he doesn’t “think it’s possible to open it up to the entire officer board this year”. “I’m totally open to looking at it, and we are at the minute, I just have to consider the pros and cons”, suggesting that a number of factors such as financial capacity, as well as available time off work and study, may offer certain candidates an unfair advantage over others in being able to travel to colleges around the country in order to campaign.

Continued on page 3

UCDSU & UCD LGBT launch 'Give Blood Becaues We Can't' campaign. Picture by Phillip Byrne.

Third level education under intense reformation Peter Hamilton Writer

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hrough a series of reports and communications from the Department of Education and Skills, it has emerged that the department is aiming to reform the complex system of third level education in Ireland. The Minister for Education and Skills, Ruairí Quinn TD, recently asked his department officials to engage with the Higher Education Authority (HEA) on the direction of the current higher education system review and development. Aspects of this report were leaked, including the recommendation of a potential merger of UCD and TCD. The Department told the College Tribune that, “Any divergence [from the national strategy for Higher Education as provided in the Hunt report] has the potential to significantly derail the process of

reform which is already well underway.” Minister Quinn, who counts UCD as his alma mater, said that, “such a merger is neither feasible nor desirable.” Despite not making the recent HEA report available to the wider public, the Department is of the view that the HEA is not a waste of state funding, “While it contained very useful insights into the challenges facing higher education in Ireland, some of its recommendations were in conflict with these agreed policies and would not be acceptable to government.” In the fortnight during which the Times University Rankings for 2012 were published, the department, and indeed the minister, have acknowledged that reform is needed in the 3rd level education system, “The Minister acknowledged the

magnitude and importance of reform of the system but stressed that there was also need for certainty and stability in the management of the process.” The aforementioned Times University Ranking report sees no Irish university in the top 100 ranking. However, the department of Education sees the results in a more positive light, “Ireland again sees two of its seven universities featuring in the top 200, or top 1% out of some 15000 universities worldwide” a department source told the College Tribune. Despite being in the top 1%, the department recognises that, “It is widely acknowledged that the individual biases and methodological flaws of different ranking systems mean that a level of caution Continued on page 5


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COLLEGE TRIBUNE 9th October 2012

25thOctober 11th October2011 2011

INSIDE THE TRIBUNE

COLLEGE

TRIBUNE

NEWS UCD named as Sunday Times University of the Year Page 4

NEWS IN FOCUS

“There is a certain right by which we many deprive a man of life, but none by which we may deprive him of death; this is mere cruelty.” – Friedrich Nietzsche James Grannell Editor

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ith the Marie Fleming case hitting the headlines, the controversy surrounding the issue of assisted suicide is once again in the news. As someone, who like Marie Fleming, suffers from Multiple Sclerosis, this debate has been of particular and personal interest. Having been diagnosed with this chronic illness at the age of seventeen, I have, perhaps, contemplated my future more than some. One question that has constantly imposed itself upon my mind has centred around the future possibility of this illness leaving me in a completely debilitated state.

In such circumstances would I contemplate saying farewell to the world? Would I choose to die rather than live in a state of utter dependence on others? Under current legislation, were I unable to carry out the act of suicide unaided and were I to require the help of a loved one who understood that this was my decision, they could face up to fourteen years in gaol. Fourteen years imprisonment for an act of mercy. Surely there is something horribly wrong with this situation. Since 1993, the act of suicide (the taking of one’s own life with criminal intent) by itself is no longer a crime in Ireland. Assisting somebody to commit suicide, however still is.

Fleming’s case argues that this discriminates against severely disabled individuals. Individuals who may well have the mental capacity to decide they wish to end their own life, but who do not have the physical ability to carry out the act without assistance. In such circumstances one of the only ways in which such a person could in fact end their own life would be by starvation, a slow and painful demise. With this in mind, it is surely beholden on the state to provide a solution for such people. That solution may well be the passing of legislation that would allow for assisted suicide. Remember, this is not about somebody imposing death upon another individual, it is about an

individual requesting help to carry out a course of action that they have chosen of their own free will. To deny someone the right to exercise their own free will when it comes to their own body and their own life is surely criminal in itself. It would be remiss of me to end this editorial on a note of doom and gloom. Monty Python taught us to “always look on the bright side of life” and indeed the bright side of death. I am not yet in a state where I must seriously question the advantage of life or death. Multiple Sclerosis gets on my nerves, yes, but sometimes you’ve just got to roll with it.

Editor

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have of late – but wherefore I know not – lost all my mirth, forgone all custom of exercise; and, indeed, it goes so heavily with my disposition that this goodly frame the earth, seems to me a sterile promontory.” Depression is intrinsically linked with the human condition. Hamlet's explication of the symptoms of depression is congruent with today's view on the issue. Depression, in its many forms, is either becoming more common or better detected in Ireland. It is an illness that is widely misunderstood and seen as a source of shame in Irish society. People who suffer from it, and those around them, seem bewildered at its effects. Yet, still, cases

of depression are on the increase. The government and society as a whole need to better respond and acknowledge the issue. Drink, drugs, lack of sleep, feelings of solitude – these are all elements that create an internal sense of mental astasia, putting the mind off balance. These are also, ostensibly, the elements that compose many university student's day-today lives. Exercise, socialising and sunshine are ways to harmonize the mind and restore wellbeing. However, there is something deeply ingrained about serious depression that cannot be fixed instantly through counseling , friends or chocolate. The mind is the most fascinating part of the human anatomy and yet it is the least understood. It can be the source of creativity, innovation and joy. Hamlet,

COLLEGE TRIBUNE Editors: Cathal O'Gara James Grannell editor@collegetribune.ie News Editor: James Grannell Deputy News Editor: Thomas Cullen News In Focus Editor: Dawn Lonergan

Chief Writer: Sarah Doran

Turbine Editor: Candi Wilde

Music Editor: Ciaran Breslin

Eagarthóirí Gaeilge: Cormac Breathnach Daire Brennan

Fashion Editor: Róisín Sweeney

Sports Editors: Conall Devlin Amy Eustace

Arts Editor: Conor Fox Designer: Cheryl Flood

Main Street Page 7

TRAVEL Pessoa’s Lisbon Page 10

REGULARS Ad Astra, Comtrom Féinne

Gaeilgeoir caillte sa Bhriotáin

however, also understood that the mind can create the torment of depression: "This brave o'erhanging firmament, this majestical roof fretted with golden fire, why, it appears no other thing to me than a foul and pestilent congregation of vapours." In the budget for 2012, the Government committed to investing €35 million in the development and upkeep of community-based mental health services, including 370 staff for adult, child and adolescent Community Mental Health Teams (CMHTs), 34 staff for suicide prevention and 10 staff for primary care counseling services. To date, none of the commitments have come to fruition despite assurances by Minister Kathleen Lynch in the Seanad in July that the posts would be in place by September (can you imagine: the government

Jonny Baxter, Peter Hamilton, Anthony Hughes, Ronan Coveny, Sinéad Williams, Darragh Moriarty, Robert Nielsen, Silvana Lakeman, Michelle Smith, Amadeusz Kepinski, Michael Donohoe, Eoin Callaghan,

FEATURES

GNÉ - AILT holding back on promises!) This investment is a necessary part of the agreed transition from the old model of institutional, hospitalbased care towards the holistic, community-based care envisaged by the Government’s own mental health policy 'A Vision for Change'. Suicide is the leading cause of death among young men in Ireland. The government's possible reneging on their promise is inconsiderate and intolerant of these men. Tomorrow will see events take place globally for World Mental Health Day. UCDSU have also organized mental health week with an array of campus events taking place. End the stigma and make yourself aware. If you're feeling down or want to kno w more about mental health log on to ie.reachout.com

Contributors List Features Editor: Michael Phoenix

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Losing mirth Cathal O'Gara

A new European State?

Elizabeth Coote, Matthew Ratzlaff, Anna Nic Diarmada, Cathal Mac Dhaibhéid, Declan O' Rourke, Anthony Strogen, Thomas Hobbs. Stephen West, Graham Luby, Kathryn Toolan, Sinead Slattery, Aifric Ní Ruairc,

Lisa Gorry, Joseph Gallagher, Darragh O' Connor, Shane Meagher, Lauren Treacey, Miceala O' Donavan, Erin Dunleavy, Anninka Barry.

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SPORT Leinster withstand ferocious Munster fightback Page 18

EDITORS' CHOICE Pessoa’s Lisbon Page 10 James and Cathal say: "This week we've chosen our favorite flâneur Michael Phoenix's travel piece on 'Pessoa's Lisbon'. Phoenix explores the City of Seven Hills with Fernando Pessoa in mind, whose 'What the tourist should see' gave a true native insight into Lisbon life and landmarks. It's a fascinatingly innovative read."

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COLLEGE TRIBUNE 9th October 2012

New Dramsoc Auditor announced Anthony Hughes Writer

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iall Lane has been elected the new auditor of Dramsoc’s 86th session following a Term General Meeting and a Special General Meeting at 3pm Wednesday, October 3rd. The election was held for the position of Dramsoc auditor, which had been left vacant following the resignation of Enda Reilly. Mr Reilly had been elected as Auditor at the end of the 85th Session, but unexpectedly resigned at the end of September. In a public statement released on the Dramsoc Facebook page on the 5th October it was stated that a vote had been taken and ‘the new auditor of Dramsoc's 86th Session is Niall Lane’. The election was contested by both Niall Lane and Sahar Mohamed-Ali, current Public Relations Officer of the 86th committee. Each candidate began by making

an address to over forty members of the society, of a total membership over 1000, and answering six allocated questions that were chosen before the election. Once concluded, a secret ballot was held resulting in Niall Lane being declared elected. Societies Officer Richard Butler, who was present at the TGM, made an address following the committee member reports. He said that from his experience, “Enda worked very, very hard in his position and role, and I think that at a minimum the society owes him a vote of thanks.” As he finished speaking the room burst into applause, raising queries about the allegations that, before his resignation, a surprise vote of no confidence in the former auditor had been called owing to an alleged lack of leadership. It is also alleged that at least one committee

member has taken a moral leave of absence following the events which led to Mr Reilly’s resignation. Since the auditor’s resignation on September 24th, the society has attempted to keep a low profile, only communicating with the public through its Facebook page and even stressing that members’ “discretion” was appreciated. Following this statement none of UCD’s media have been able to contact the society, with the Facebook page being the only source of information for members and the general public. Following the election of Mr Lane, the College Tribune again attempted to contact the society. The new Auditor was emailed on both October 5th and 6th through the listed email account, firstly congratulating his election to the role and secondly asking if Mr Lane

could clarify some information for the public aswell as society members. The College Tribune asked: How do you [Mr Lane] plan assuming control, considering you were not involved with this committee up until now? What is your opinion on the ‘discretion’ that Dramsoc has emphasised since the resignation of the former Auditor [Mr Reilly]? Can you explain the absence of ISDA & External Shows Rep- Ross Gaynor from the Term General Meeting, why wasn't this explained to the society members? Attempts were also made to contact both the Public Relations Officer and the Theatre Manager through the advertised email accounts. Unfortunately, by the time of publication no answers were forthcoming from the Society.

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Possibility of direct election for USI representatives Continued from front page The perception that there has been a lack of significant reform within the USI, despite rhetoric to that effect, will be a potentially important factor in UCD’s forthcoming referendum on disaffiliation. While direct elections would certainly represent a realisation of this rhetoric, the lack of unity between UCDSU and the USI would call into question the likelihood of such elections being seen this year.

#BloodDrive

Over 600 people sign blood campaign petition James Grannell Editor

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ver 600 signatures were collected as part of last weeks “Give Blood Because We Can’t” campaign. The idea behind the campaign was to highlight the fact that, under current Irish legislation, any man who has ever had sexual contact with another man is banned for life from donating blood. This ban stands regardless of whether or not they used protection. The campaign also aimed at encouraging as many people as possible to become blood donors. The reasoning behind the ban on men who have sex with men (MSM) is that this group are considered to be at a higher risk of infection with HIV/AIDS and certain types of hepatitis. This is despite the fact that donations are tested for infectious diseases. Similar bans have been lifted in other countries, including the UK, where blood donations are now ac-

cepted from MSM, providing they haven’t engaged in sexual activities for a period of twelve months prior to donating. The ban in the UK was lifted when the Advisory Committee on the Safety of Blood, Tissues and Organs recommended the policy change after a study concluded that a total ban may breach equality legislation. They also noted that the risk of HIV reaching the blood supply would only increase by approximately 2%. Speaking on the campaign in UCD, Paddy Guiney, Campaigns and Communications Officer, said that it was a great success. This he has put down to volunteers who helped out by manning the stand in the Student Centre. UCDSU LGBT coordinator Lee Jollans also commented on the success of the campaign. “Although it was a reasonably small campaign I feel we reached a lot of people. Most

people I talked to hadn't even heard of the MSM blood ban before, and were very enthusiastic to help our cause. Even if our petition doesn't make a big difference, we got a lot of people who might not otherwise have done it to give blood, and we got the word out about the ban. Overall I can say that it was a success. We did what we set out to do and more,” said Jollans. Speaking about the next step in the campaign, Paddy Guiney, UCDSU Campaigns and Communications officer, called on students to actively lobby their local TDs on this issue. “ Moving forward with the campaign…we plan to lobby Ministers and would encourage students in the coming weeks to lobby their TDs.”


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NEWS

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COLLEGE TRIBUNE

9th October 2012

NEWS IN BRIEF STEPHEN WEST

Former UCD lecturer takes right to die action Peter Hamilton

Respected UCD staff member passes away Dr Pádraic Conway, the VicePresident for University Relations sadly passed away last Friday following a three-year long battle with cancer. Born in Sligo, he studied French and Philosophy at University College Cork before later attending Trinity College where he was elected a Trinity Scholar in theology. Dr Conway then started working in UCD where he stayed for the next 15 years. He will be sadly missed by his friends and colleagues in the university. Ar dheis Dé go raibh a anam uasa. Union Council Representative training takes place in Maynooth UCD Students’ Union council representatives travelled to NUI Maynooth last Saturday to participate in class rep training. A variety of different speakers spoke to the students including USI President John Logue, former UCDSU President Aodhán Ó Deá, and Northern Ireland Peace Process negotiator Coly McGivern. Each of the current UCDSU sabbatical officers also spoke to the students along with Maynooth Students’ Union President Séamus Reynolds. The students left UCD at 9 am and attended different training modules until 9.30 in the evening. The students were provided with breakfast, lunch and dinner and travelled to and from the event by bus. Trinity vote to remain affiliated with USI A four day referendum was held in Trinity College last week to decide whether or not their Students’ Union should remain affiliated with the Union of Students in Ireland. 1,498 students voted to remain affiliated with the USI, while 829 students voted to disaffilaite leaving a margin of 667 votes. 106 votes were judged to have been spoilt. A similar referendum will also take place in UCD this semester. USI president John Logue said he was happy with the result in Trinity and hoped that students understood that we are better together as part of one Union.

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former UCD lecturer, Marie Fleming, is pursuing legal action against the state by challenging the laws around assisted suicide in Ireland. Fleming is taking the action along with her partner, Tom Curran. The case of Fleming V. Ireland is expected to revitalize the debate amongst members of the public regarding assisted suicide. Fleming, who is in the terminal stages of multiple sclerosis, an inflammatory disease in which the fatty myelin sheaths around the axons of the brain and spinal cord are damaged, is seeking the option to end her own life with the help of her partner. Although the decriminalisation of suicide came about in 1993, any person who aids, abets, counsels or procures the suicide of another person faces arrest and a possible jail sentence of up to fourteen years. While speaking to the Irish Independent Tom Curran said, “it would give Marie such comfort, such peace of mind, to know that I will be there for her and that she will not have to suffer needlessly. It would give her comfort to know I could help without the threat of prison. Peace of Mind, that is what this case is about.”

A case involving assisted suicide was decided on in 1995 in the Supreme Court. The case involved a woman who had been in a nearpersistent vegetative state for over twenty years. In that instance the court ruled that the right to die included the right to die a natural death and that by withdrawing the artificial feeding to the woman she could die a natural death. The court also noted that it would not condone any bid to bring about a person’s death through a positive action i.e. assisted suicide. It is believed that counsel for Ms Fleming will argue that the law, as introduced in 1993, is discriminatory because while it allows an ablebodied person to take their life, a person suffering from disability is prevented from doing so because the person who aids them faces criminal prosecution. In any event Mr. Curran, who is now the full time carer for Ms. Fleming and who received the Wicklow carer of the year award, will be supportive of Marie’s decision. He said, “Marie may never exercise the decision [to end her life], but I am willing to go to prison if needs be.”

Mental Health Week in full swing Peter Hamilton

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Thomas Cullen Deputy News Editor

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he Sunday Times newspaper has named University College Dublin as the University of the Year. This has been announced on the same week that UCD have dropped to 187th place in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. The opening of the new €50m sport and fitness student centre has been cited as the main reason for UCD to collect the award. The paper also states that “University College Dublin is unrivalled in the strength of its investment in students”. The president of UCD Hugh Brady spoke about the award and how the new student centre was an important factor by saying “It’s got the most wonderful debating chamber which draws inspiration from the House of Commons. It’s a wonderfully clever design. It’s named after Garret Fitzgerald, for his role in both the L&H and the Law society when he was in UCD.” UCD’s growing international influence is also a decisive reason for the award being given to the

college. The university recently announced the completion of UCD’s international college in Beijing. The income from international students has increased from €28m four years ago to €43m now, as well as UCD having the largest amount of third level international students. Almost 50% of students move on to do postgraduate degrees, and 93% of UCD graduates go on to work or further education within nine months. However UCD has also received criticism over the past few weeks for reducing their academic staff figures by 10 % due to budget cuts, and also for closing the James Joyce library on Sundays. NUI Galway has been named as the runner-up for the award, whilst Limerick IT has been named the Institute of Technology of the year. Trinity College Dublin remains on top of the Sunday Times University league table. The UK University of the Year has went to University of Exeter, with Queen’s University Belfast as runner-up.

Slow grant payments causes restricted access to library for students Ronan Coveney

Writer

ental Health Week began yesterday, Monday October 8th, and will continue until Friday October 12th. Bodywhys were invited in to give a talk on eating disorders on Monday followed by safeTALK training, which is aimed at creating suicide awareness. Mícheál Gallagher, UCDSU Welfare Officer, hopes that the week will continue with the goal of creating awareness around the campus regarding mental health issues. Tuesday will see a mental health reform petition being circulated around campus with the aim of “getting over 1,000 signatures asking government to re-think the potential €35 Million in mental health, seeing as it is such a huge issue” according to Mr Gallagher. The mental health week launch is occurring on Tuesday night, featuring speakers from See Change and Headstrong, along with Fine Gael TD, Gerry Buttimer. Mr Gallagher feels that speakers such as Buttimer give a very “personal feel to the launch.” “As a Welfare officer you are in a unique position where you are privy to so much information and when you walk around campus you can see that mental health is such a huge issue for Irish society,” re-

UCD named as Sunday Times University of the Year

marks Mr Gallagher. He hopes that Ireland will escape the negative stigma surrounding mental health issues. Mental Health Week falls at a time when society is conscious of mental health issues with world mental health day falling on Wednesday. On Wednesday students will be afforded a unique opportunity when they can take part in a Life skills session in the Blue room from 5pm to 7pm. Students are invited to e-mail Gallagher in advance for participation in this event. Thursday sees a more relaxed part of the campaign. There will be a coffee morning in the Student Centre, which will spread out through the day into a coffee evening in UCD Residences. “Res for some people can be the loneliest place…[the aim is] to create a community buzz,” says Mr Gallagher. The week will be completed on Friday with a relaxation day from 10am to 4pm in the Red room. There will be “feel good movies so people can come down and chill out…it’s good to remember to chill out,” according to Mr Gallagher. The relaxation day is open to all students who can “pop down between lectures,” he added.

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ibrary access has been restricted since last Monday for students who have not yet paid their registration fee. A number of students who contacted the paper were annoyed that, because they hadn’t received their grant, they were unable to pay their fees and now can’t borrow books or use the laptop loan service. Speaking to the College Tribune about the situation Shane Comer, UCD Students’ Union Education Officer, said the SU are “extremely disappointed” with the situation and that “students should not be punished for [the] delay in grants being processed”. “The fact that they have applied for a grant shows their desire to be in Third Level education,” Mr Comer said. He went on to lay the blame for the delay in the processing of grants firmly on the grant awarding authorities, including the county councils, VECs and the new online service, Student Universal Support Ireland (SUSI). Michael Sinnott, Director of Administrative Services with UCD Registry said that this year, “all new grant applicants are being processed by SUSI...however, it would appear to be experiencing some

first year challenges.” Mr Sinnott stated that UCD Registry had only received their first file from SUSI on Thursday of last week, substantially later than was expected. He went on to say that, “the number of students contained on the file is minuscule compared with the total number of students we expect to ultimately be awarded a SUSI grant.” “The number of continuing students who are first time grant applicants is typically quite small but we are nonetheless aware that the individuals concerned are affected by the delays in processing. We are currently reviewing the consequences of this unexpected SUSI development for our students; clearly the rate of processing of grant applications by SUSI is now having a serious impact.” Also commenting on the situation Mr Comer said “it was greeted with such praise but unfortunately beneath the website and online registration the process of applications is still quite cumbersome.” UCD Registry confirmed that continuing students who in previous years received the grant should not be affected by any delays as UCD typically presumes the grant is still valid.


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COLLEGE TRIBUNE 9th October 2012

Online second hand bookshop proposed Sinéad Williams Writer

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he efficiency and effectiveness of the current business model used by the Students’ Union for its second-hand bookshop has been called into question. After experiencing difficulties with the service, third year Social Science student Catherine Maloney decided to take matters into her own hands and contacted last year’s Education Officer Sam Geoghegan and his successor Shane Comer to voice her concerns. “I could never find what I was looking for….The books are floating around and I think people don’t sell them to the bookshop because they realise they’re not going to be picked up… Are there enough students out there that are annoyed about this for the union to get up and do something about it?” In its present form, the bookshop attempts to sell books on behalf of students, taking a share of the revenue generated by sales. Under the terms and conditions of the shop, books become the property of the Students’ Union if they fail to sell within a year. In order to deal with the vast number of books that remain unsold for years, the SU then removes them from the system and sells them in aid of charity. In the first weeks of term the

bookshop, which is located in the Student Centre, was visibly overcome with the amount of stock it had to deal with. This lead to staff being unable to process books in time to keep up with demand. Issues arise when books remain unprocessed, as it is not possible to sell them before they are added to the system. “Even if one is lucky enough to find a required book within the pile of unprocessed books, it is not possible to purchase it,” said Maloney. The Students’ Union also maintains an online catalogue of books for sale on in the shop. However, this catalogue is subject to a 48 hour delay between the sale of a book in the shop and its removal from the system. According to Education Officer Shane Comer, this interval is unavoidable. “Unfortunately that is nothing to do with us, that’s to do with our website hosts…There was a longer delay, but I’m still in talks to try and get a quicker turnaround on it.” Ms Maloney proposes an alternative solution along the lines of websites like adverts.ie. Students would pay a flat rate to advertise their books and would be responsible for managing their own sales. “Students could make arrange-

ments with prospective buyers to meet on campus and carry out the transaction. If the U-card could be used to pay the initial flat fee then the SU would not have to get involved in handling credit card information.” Mr Comer says that while he welcomes the suggestion, it could leave students open to being duped. “Online you might not get the whole details of the book.” Mr Comer informed the College Tribune that he intends to meet with the newly appointed manager of the bookshop and SU President Rachel Breslin to discuss ways in which the shop can be improved upon. “We’re going to draw up a long term business plan to see how we can improve the efficiency of the bookshop and improve the service it provides to students.” “I’m not saying that this is the only answer,” says Ms Maloney. “This system is broken. They’re losing money because they have books that people want to buy sitting there unprocessed and people can’t buy them. It’s up to the Students’ Union to work out how to do a better job.”

NEWS

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Third level education under intense reformation Continued from front page

responsible for most of the unapproved payments, involving 77 staff and accounting for almost €3.3m of the total. Minister Quinn commented, “At a time when all areas of the public sector are being asked to do more with less resources, it is essential that universities adhere to, and are seen to adhere to, public sector pay policy.” The Minister feels that no one sector in the education system should be allowed to operate outside of the parameters of public sector pay policy, “While I recognise the desirability of universities retaining certain levels of autonomy, I believe the legislation I am proposing will strike the right balance between such autonomy and protecting the Exchequer at a time of financial crisis and growing student populations.” As it stands Universities have been accused of not complying with collective industrial relation agreements such as Croke Park. The proposed new legislation will give the Minister power to oblige universities to adhere to such collective agreements.

is required in their interpretation.” The department have also noted, “Our high numbers of young graduates has led Ireland to be ranked 1st for the availability of skilled labour in this year’s IMD World Competitiveness Survey.” Their interpretation of the various reports ultimately acknowledges that Ireland has performed well in international terms despite widespread belief that a continued fall in the Times University Rankings is a negative occurrence. New legislation was recently announced that, if passed, would amend the 1997 Universities Act. The amendment will give the Minister for Education & Skills the power to compel universities to comply with government guidelines on remuneration, allowances, pensions and staffing numbers.  According to figures released by the department, between 2005 and 2009 some €7.5 Million in unauthorised allowances were paid out by universities to senior members of staff already in receipt of high levels of pay. According to an article in the Irish Independent, UCD was

TRIBUNE VOX POPULI What’s your opinion on the Union Council Reps, and what they do?

“I have no idea who my reps are.” Kristine Tarvida. Single Major Philosophy, 3rd Year

“I feel indifferent about them.” Hannah Malone, Arts: Economics & History, 1st Year

“Well, I don’t know exactly what they do, but I’m sure someone finds them important!” Katie Kavanagh, Health and Performance Science, 1st Year

“Who’re they?!” Michelle Grunnér, Science, 1st Year

Think you have what it takes to be the next Vincent Browne? Join the College Tribune News Team. e-mail: news@collegetribune.ie


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NEWS IN FOCUS

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COLLEGE TRIBUNE

9th October 2012

A new European state? Dawn Lonergan examines the global reaction to Catalonia's National Day

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any people may believe that countries wanting to separate from each other are a thing of the past, part of the developing world, dangerous and even perhaps, something to be avoided at all costs. Did you know that a province in part of Spain and France, called Catalonia, has wanted to secede from these countries since 1714? The Catalans lost what degree of independence they had in 1714 following the fall of Barcelona, result-

Kieran Oberman, Politics lecturer at UCD agrees that it is an important argument. “One of the main secessionist arguments is that Catalans contribute a much larger amount in taxes to the Spanish government than they receive back in the form of government services.” September 11th was the Catalan nationalist day, Diada Nacional de Catalunya, and was met with numerous demonstrations calling for Catalan independence from Spain. Newspapers worldwide reported

"It does raise the very important question of whether we favour the abolition of borders or the creation of new ones." ing in the lands of Catalonia being incorporated into the Crown of Castile within a united Spanish administration, under the new Bourbon dynasty. They have numerous reasons for wanting to secede, which include the fact that they have their own separate language called Catalan and possess a separate culture from both Spain and France. Children in state schools learn only in the Catalan language of their region and are confined by law to a maximum of three hours of Spanish lessons a week. Catalonia also has its own separate “embassies” in London, Paris and Beijing. According to the French newspaper Le Figaro, 51 percent of Catalans are in favour of the independence movement and forming their own country. Their main reason however is that they claim that they would be one of the richest countries in the world if they didn't have to give what is said to be, according to the Guardian, “an unfairly high contribution” of the GDP to the rest of Spain.

on the million people who held a demonstration in Barcelona. There were also marches around the world including in Ireland, the UK, France and the United States. In America, The New York Times stated that the Catalans crave full fiscal autonomy most at the moment. In Ireland, The Irish Times commented that the campaign is increasing in strength because of the bad economy, coupled with the current conservative government of Spain who are introducing austerity measures. Catalonia currently has an economy as big as Portugal but had to ask Spain for a bailout deal recently. The Washington Post stated that the Catalan regional president, Artur Mas, said the region was simply asking for its own money back that it pays the amount in taxes The Guardian reported that Mariano Rajoy, the Spanish prime minister, is quoted as saying: "This isn't a moment for big gestures like this. What we need to do is create jobs." One could legitimately ask, when is the moment for big ges-

tures like this? In our own country, Sinn Fein stand in solidarity with Catalonia's independence movement. According to the head of Sinn Féin in UCD, Simon Mac Giolla Easpaig, “These struggles for freedom and peace have strong similarities to the struggle we face here on this island and there is a level of mutual respect and camaraderie between such international movements as a result. Sinn Féin and the Irish people are well respected and often invited to take part in different events organised by the Catalan people in an effort to increase awareness for their struggle and give an international dimension to their movement.” It does raise the very important question of whether we favour the abolition of borders or the creation of new ones. Catalonia enjoys a high degree of self-government, running their own healthcare, education system and local policing. Allowing it to

form a separate state would be both extremely difficult and potentially explosive. A legal separation would require a change in the Spanish constitution and approval by voters in other parts of the country in a referendum – which seems unlikely to happen. Post-Grad American Studies Student Darragh O’Tuathail believes that “Catalonia will never succeed, at most the will get is semi-independence, in the same way that Scotland is independent. Spain will never let them go.” The economic arguments are

ryday use, 11.95% of the population claim to use both languages equally, while 45.92% mainly use Spanish and 35.54% mainly use Catalan. The people of Catalonia do have a political party that is against secession. It is called “Ciutadans” and was formed in Catalonia in July 2006. It came together in response to the call made in a manifesto by a group of Catalan intellectuals critical of Catalan nationalism (among them Albert Boadella and Felix de Auza), in which they called for a new political force to "address the real problems faced by the general

"It could be stated that everyone cannot decide that they don't want to be part of a certain country anymore, especially during bad economic periods. " contested. Some believe an independent Catalonia would not be economically viable; others argue that it does not make sense given that globalization and the European Union have already brought about the blurring of borders. Kieran Oberman believes that the economy argument can be seen as an argument for both sides: “Catalonia may be having a tough time right now but it remains one of the richest regions of Spain.  Independence would leave poor Spaniards elsewhere worse off.  If one believes that richer areas should support poorer areas then, it seems, one should oppose Catalan independence.” According to the most recent linguistic census held by the Government of Catalonia as of 2009, a plurality claims Spanish as their language (46.53% Spanish compared to 37.26% Catalan). In eve-

public". This party is, however, rather small and regional. There are specific reasons why people believe secession to be a dangerous thing. Bosnia Herzegovina and Serbia have shown the damage that such a move can cause. To secede from a state on mainly economic grounds could be seen as almost selfish. It could be stated that everyone cannot decide that they don't want to be part of a certain country anymore, especially during bad economic periods. An area that is significantly richer ought not decide to secede, removing itself of the decaying burden that is the larger state as a result furthering already troublesome economic issues. During times like this, should we not be moving further together rather than apart?


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COLLEGE TRIBUNE 9th October 2012

FEATURES

7

Main Street

Darragh Moriarty searches for answers on a walk down O’Connell Street

I

n the past twenty years or so O’Connell Street has undergone extensive renovation and regeneration. Having been formally planned and laid out between the 1740’s and the early 1800’s the street has had quite a history since. Previously known as Sackville Street under British rule, it was renamed in 1924 after Daniel O’Connell, a Kerryman whose monument sits at the bottom of the street looking towards the River Liffey. O’Connell Street was designated as Architectural Conservation Area in July of 2001. This essentially meant that Dublin City Council wanted to preserve and enhance the image that O’Connell Street was projecting to the public, particularly aiming towards Ireland’s growing tourism industry at the time. 2001 was smack-bang in the middle of Ireland’s now infamous ‘Celtic Tiger’. Planning Permission reins had indeed been loosened and enterprise was rife all over the country but particularly in the Dublin’s city centre. Through this policy, efforts were

A further objective was to control advertisement and its exhibition on the street. This aim to constrain advertising and ensure that it is carried out in a tasteful way that does not in any way diminish the historical appearance of O’Connell Street differs from the policy in play in a highly commercialised setting such as New York City’s Times Square where every inch of space that it is possible to advertise on is duly exploited. The final objective of the initiative was to promote high quality and inclusive design to improve the quality of the public realm and open spaces. This essentially meant, make it look nicer! At nearly 50 metres wide and 500 metres long there’s a lot of space to fill on Dublin’s main street. It consists of wide footpaths on both sides as well as a pedestrian area in the centre. This feature was developed under the Spatial Planning scheme. It is on this central area where O’Connell Street’s monuments are situated. In 1899 the foundation stone was laid to dedicate a monument to Charles

" This is an expensive meeting place. This is the only purpose I can think of for the ‘Spire." now being made to control the commercialization of O’Connell Street. There were a number of objectives high on the agenda of the Spatial Planning Scheme. Particular attention was to be paid to restoring and maximising the use off all buildings. This maximising would occur by trying to use the upper and basements levels as well as ground levels for commercial purposes. Measures were also to be implemented that would encourage uniformity in the presentation of shopfronts. Another objective of the development scheme was to promote the appropriate mix of uses on the street for example, to limit the amount of fastfood restaurants and takeaways. They don’t seem to have done a particularly good job in achieving this objective considering there are two McDonalds and two Burger Kings, not to mention an Eddie Rockets and Supermacs, standing on O’Connell Street.

Stewart Parnell, ‘the uncrowned king of Ireland’ according to his followers. Situated at the top of the street the monument wouldn’t be fully finished until 1911 making it the last monument erected under British rule. Walking south on Dublin’s great street the infamous ‘Spire’ is next. In 1966 plans were made by the government to commemorate the Easter Rising, but it seemed inappropriate to celebrate such a momentous event under the shadow of Nelsons Pillar, a symbol of Empire rule. Difficulties may have arose had the government decided to tear down the monument as there may have been some opposition from across the water and up north. Republican bombings meant the government didn’t have a decision to make and the spot remained idle until 2003 when the construction of ‘The Spire’ concluded. ‘The Spire of Dublin, The Monument of Light’ to give it its official name now sits centre stage on Dub-

lin’s most historically significant street. A quote from the Executive Summary on the Architectural Conservation Area of O’Connell Street states: “It must be stressed that it is not intended to prevent development. Instead, it is intended to ensure that development, when it takes place combines positively with the historic fabric and is to a high design standard”. When designing this monument ‘combining positively with the historic fabric’ of O’Connell Street seems to have been thrown out the window. How can a 121 metre high spike be the main attraction at the centre of the street at the centre of our capital city? Maybe if other buildings were modernised and plans to preserve O’Connell Street’s historical design hadn’t been implemented this scheme wouldn’t be contradicted by the ‘Spire’. This is an expensive meeting place. This is the only purpose I can think of for the ‘Spire. That is; if you’re meeting people on O’Connell Street who aren’t entirely familiar with the street, you tell them that you’ll meet them there. Some people claim the monument was a waste of money, but the fact is, something was being built on the idle plot anyway. Personally, considering the initiative launched by the council, something more in keeping with the street could have been put in place, instead of this spike. Continuing our journey down O’Connell Street we come to ‘Big’ Jim Larkin’s monument. Erected in 1979, it captures Larkin with his arms outstretched appearing to be appealing or attempting to inspire an audience he was delivering a speech to. This differs from the other monuments as the sculptor Oisín Kelly tried to capture Larkin in action by depicting him displaying his oratorical prowess. The Daniel O’Connell statue at the foot of the street is both impressive in its design and its significance. Erected in 1882 on Sackville Street where only members Castle administration or the British royal family were commemorated, special dispensation was granted to commemorate one of Irelands leading revolutionaries whose writings inspired many others seeking to rebel. Monuments such as those of O’Connell, Larkin and Parnell are historically meaningful while the

‘Spire’ simply is not. With shopping districts located in the surrounding areas of O’Connell Street it’s no wonder the street is also the focal point of public and private transport with every other vehicle being either a city bus or a taxi. While this allows easy access to Dublin’s city centre maybe the huge levels of buses that pass through the street contradict the council’s plans to limit advertising. With the sides of each city bus consisting of the latest upcoming cinema releases or a new breakfast cereal O’Connell Street is saturated with advertising. Although this is done indirectly through the huge levels of buses commuting through our main street it is still nonetheless a contradiction of the council’s attempts to limit such advertising. With plans for new Metro North system to go up or rather under O’Connell Street, the area is set to become an even busier transport hub than it already is. At the current rate, with the Luas, Dublin Bus and the ‘put on the long finger’ but still imminent Metro North, it won’t be long until they’re attempting to land planes on Dublin’s main street with advertising spaces on each wing. O’Connell Street is the centre of a vibrant city where programs or schemes or initiatives or plans have been put in place to ensure certain practices are not carried out. Yes, under these schemes nice trees have been situated in a nice orderly coherent way on the newly developed wider footpaths and central pedestrian areas. And yes, a more stringent Planning Permission process has been put in place. But, the inevitable but, the ‘Spire’ and the reasons for its existence and the way in which advertising is shoved indirectly albeit down people’s throats cannot be excused. The number of insignificant fast-food outlets when an ‘appropriate mix’ was supposed to occur also contradicts the plans for O’Connell Street made by Dublin City Council. In a time of prosperity plans were put in place and now these plans have evaporated under harder economic circumstances. O’Connell Street is too important for these plans not to be fulfilled.


88

FEATURES

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COLLEGE TRIBUNE 9th October 2012

The unemployment illusion Robert Nielson asks whether generous welfare benefits leads to high levels of unemployment

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very debate about unemployment inevitably ends with someone claiming the problem is people are too lazy to work. Or that there is more money on the dole than in a job. This belief isn’t solely held by taxi drivers but by wide sectors of society. So last year I decided to look at the facts. I decided to ignore the anecdotes and urban myths and listen to people who have studied the issue. What I found was that there was little or no evidence to support the idea that generous welfare benefits were the cause of high unemployment. The reason for this is that a job is not simply a way to make money; it is also part of an individual’s identity. People are defined by their occupation. The first thing you ask

" The reason for this is that a job is not simply a way to make money; it is also part of an individual’s identity." someone when you meet them is what job they have. To which most respond, “I am a teacher, a builder” etc. A job isn’t just a means to an end; it is a major part of our life. Surveys reveal that many people would work even if they didn’t need the money. All people have a psychological drive to produce something, to create, to pay their way. Unemployment causes severe damage not just financially, but also psychologically. It is socially unacceptable not to work, so the unemployed therefore suffer a loss of respect. Status and respect are as important as money in life. Unemployed workers suffer psychological damage from their lack of a job, such as loss of self-esteem, self-respect and a feeling of hopelessness. They suffer from a higher rate of mental illness than those working, including depression and suicide. In many ways we are defined by our work; this means the unemployed may feel their life lacks meaning, which can lead to despair and

hopelessness. There is no evidence that they suffer from a lack of work ethic. Studies find that the unemployed are often more enthusiastic about work than those who actually have jobs. While people with children are entitled to the greatest amount of welfare benefits, they are also the most motivated to get a job. A study found that the psychological damage caused by unemployment among men would cost €33,500 euro to bring their level of life satisfaction to the same level as employed men. For women the figure is €68,500. The traditional economic theory ignores inconvenient facts such as the fact that many unemployed workers are not eligible for unemployment benefits or the full range of allowances. One study showed that only 30% of those classed as unemployed were receiving benefits in America. The figure was 26% for the UK. There are many restrictions on receiving allowances. For example if you quit your job voluntarily or are fired you may not qualify. Likewise if you refuse job offers you can be disqualified. Many allowances which get mentioned in the news apply only to families, whereas 80% of the unemployed are childless. These findings apply both in Ireland and abroad. Only 11% of the unemployed in Ireland receive rent allowance, despite the anecdotes of people “too lazy to work” getting free houses. In fact, a study found that 97% of those unemployed in Ireland in 2011 would improve their financial situation by getting a job. Only 3% of the unemployed are earning more on the dole than if they had a job. This simple fact alone should put all the myths and stereotypes to rest. This should silence all who claim the unemployed are living a life of luxury or lack an incentive to work. Unfortunately it takes more than facts and figures to defeat a myth. If it was that easy we would hear no more of the Loch Ness monster and Republicans in America would never win elections. The average unemployed person receives half of their previous wage. This makes it extremely hard to claim there is no incentive to get a job when such a person could double their income by getting a job. The simple fact is that there aren’t jobs out there. It isn’t from lack of effort that the unemployed can’t find

jobs, it’s because they can’t be found. In most countries it is necessary to have worked a certain length of time before it is possible to receive benefits, this would actually cause benefits to have a positive rather than negative impact on participation in the labour force (this point was admitted by Milton Friedman of all people). This would mean that you must have worked a certain amount of time in order to receive unemployment benefits. So despite the number of people who claim it’s so, it’s not possible to get a handout without having worked a day in your life. Similarly, the duration for which people can claim unemployment benefits has a negligible effect on unemployment levels. Threatening to cut someone’s benefits off completely doesn’t help them get a job; the problem is there aren’t any to be found. Nor does the level of benefits compared to wages, average, industrial or minimum. You’re probably noting a pattern here. No matter which way you try to measure it, there simply isn’t a link between benefits and unemployment. How lax or generous the rules are for qualifying for benefits also makes no difference. No matter which way you look at it, welfare benefits do not cause unemployment. An examination of other countries further proves the point. The countries with the most generous welfare systems in the world are Sweden, Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands. The countries with the lowest unemployment rates in Europe are . . . Sweden, Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands. Likewise the countries with the lowest lev-

els of benefits are Spain, Italy, Portugal and Greece, none of which can be described as doing particularly well. After drawing together different studies, viewpoints and opinions it is clear that the disincentive effect that is supposed to affect the unemployed is greatly exaggerated. The conventional wisdom is simply not supported by facts. In fact most available data contradicts it. The orthodox model fails to give an accurate description of the real world, instead

"Studies find that the unemployed are often more enthusiastic about work than those who actually have jobs." relying on overly simplistic assumptions. It ignores features of welfare systems that prevent people from receiving assistance, such as means tests and work tests. It ignores the stigma associated with receiving hand-outs and the psychological damage unemployment does. It glosses over the non-financial benefits people gain from work. Contrary to the orthodox opinion, generous welfare benefits do not lead to higher unemployment, longer durations of unemployment or a disincentive to work.


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COLLEGE TRIBUNE

9th October 2012

FEATURES

9

All things now Silvana Lakeman considers how we can deal with the pressures of student life

T

he winter term is now officially underway – leaves are falling from the trees, coats are a necessity and midterms are looming for most. The majority of us will want to succeed this term, but most of us will also be faced with deadlines, time constraints, social, work and club commitments, and I am yet to come across a friend who hasn’t let the pressure get to them at least once. Stress is completely natural and is in fact good in small doses, but left unchecked, the tiniest problem can seem overwhelming and unmanageable, and often affects your mood and general health. If I have learned anything from my time in UCD so far it is that it is humanly impossible to do everything and to do it to the best of your ability in one foul swoop. Students

“... because we study in a place where we could do almost anything we want, it is even more important to decide what it is we really want and truly value.” in general see college as their time to get involved in every facet of college life, particularly in first year. Just looking around UCD, it is obvious the amount of effort, work and time that students put into our societies, sports teams and Students’ Union. We seem to take the phrase ‘get involved’ very seriously here, with many students involved in numerous groups around campus. Adding on extra commitments that aren’t as important as others or take up far too much of our time is not always what is best for us, even if we think it will improve our chances in the future with job prospects or otherwise. It can be far more satisfying to get involved in a select few activities and be able to give them one hundred percent, than to join five which we can only give a half hearted effort. For example it would not be uncommon to find a student who is first violin in the UCD Symphony Orchestra, yet also a formidable player on the hockey team while volunteering for the Saint Vincent de Paul society on the weekends, or one who balances early morning rowing sessions with debating and class rep duties. We get involved in so many things because we want to, yet because we study in a place where we could do almost anything we want, it is even more important to decide what it is we really want and truly value. Students over commit themselves by joining several sports teams and dozens of societies, balance part time jobs, go out with friends, start new friendships and relationships and move out of home. Between these and actually going to college as well as pres-

sure from family and your own expectations to succeed in your chosen degree, the stress of it all can become unmanageable, however it doesn’t need to be. Many of us work hard to keep our place in college and work part time and at weekends to pay fees, accommodation and general expenses throughout the year. Money is tight for a lot of us, and for most, college is a time for financial independence. It can be stressful managing a budget and a job, but don’t let working hard to pay for college and other commitments get in the way of your education. It entirely defeats the purpose if you don’t have time to sleep or study for exams, so if you find yourself in this position, be open to other solutions. Look into grants, loans from relatives, and think about reducing your work hours during term time – you can always make up for it during holidays. The most important thing regarding both college work and money issues is to know your priorities. Learn to say no – and yes. If you are invited out every night, but know you don’t have the money for it just yet, it is perfectly acceptable to say no every now and then, as it is to say no if you really need to get that assignment finished. Your friends will understand, and if they don’t, get some new ones. Likewise, if you turn down every party/dinner/club invite because you think you should be studying instead, learn that it is important to take breaks every now and then. Burnout is inevitable and avoidable if you don’t, so take a well selected break from time to time. You will feel better for it and you will bounce back to work more productively than before. There can be some unexpected stresses in college that aren’t always taken into account. For first years or anyone for that matter, the question of whether you are in the right

“It can sometimes be that we can’t quite pinpoint a problem.” course, or even if university is for you, can pop into your head. It is perfectly normal to question one of the biggest steps you’ve had to take in your life thus far, but also know that it is normal to worry about these sorts of things. Ask yourself – if I weren’t where I am now, where would I otherwise be, and would I be happier? If the answer is obvious and you are really not happy here, talk to someone about it and get it sorted as quickly as possible, but chances are you are like the majority of us and just nervous about the future. The key thing to remember here is that you can’t control everything – if you put in the work and stay positive, things will work out, but if you’re very worried, talk to the career office on campus. It can sometimes be that we can’t quite pinpoint a problem. If you are exhausted, mentally drained, are repressing a problem by ignoring something such as a looming

essay, the best thing to do is to address it as quickly as possible. Sometimes stress can manifest itself as something else, such as a lingering cold or constant headache. Notice where your stress is coming from – is it from someone else or yourself? If it is coming from friends or family, talk to them and explain how you feel pressured because of their expectations, that you appreciate their concern for you but that you need to do things your own way. If the pressure is coming from yourself, such as procrastinating over studying, ask yourself what you can do about it and accept help if you need it. The most important thing for stressed college students is to never be too hard on your-

self. What would you say to a friend in your situation? Chances are you would tell them to look after themselves, relax from time to time and keep their head up. It is a fact of life that sometimes luck is just not on our side, and no matter how hard we try to avoid this, sometimes things just seem to go wrong and problems pile up. It is also easy and normal to get overwhelmed every now and then. If college, work or life in general gets too much, the best thing, no matter who you are, is to talk or share the load with someone else. This person may not be able to make your problem go away, but having someone else there can make it seem smaller or more manageable.


10 TRAVEL

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COLLEGE TRIBUNE 9th October 2012

Pessoa’s Lisbon Michael Phoenix explores the City of Seven Hills through the words of Lisbon's laureate Fernando Pessoa “All beginnings are involuntary.” We took a bus south through the night and the deadlock Spanish heat. A whole day's traveling behind us so sore shoulders there and then, pushed to exhaustion against the rough and itchy padding of the seats. Cool humming saintly air conditioning breathed above and down. Neon signs lit the roads as the city receded until the last of them went by and out and Iberian deserts rolled past at our sides. We searched for sleep amongst it all with thrown off shoes and improvised arches, all finding it eventually apart from the driver who last I remember was passing the journey with straightened back and chain drunk coffee and sly cigarettes out the window. We were on our way to Lisbon, Portugal.

“The train slows down, it's the Cais do Sodré. I arrived to Lisbon, but not to a conclusion.” The sun's growth on the horizon was blurred by strange low Atlantic Ocean clouds. Grabbed up backpacks shelled upon us, we walked out from the station mapless, and made towards the city - aiming at the sea. There was it seemed a long straight road but it disappeared or assimilated and so within ten minutes we were lost in the surrounding closeness of the Portuguese capital.

“Common man, no matter how hard life is to him, at least has the fortune of not thinking it.” Two men stood silently in a doorway on the other side of the square letting us know that the city wasn’t dead, just sleeping. We crept forward with careful steps, swiveling heads cautiously. There was a mattness that pervaded the colours, a kind of morning coat. From what we saw it looked like the city might not have changed for 60 years. The cars matched the buildings and the buildings matched the cars and the men in the doorway matched each other and everything seemed to know its place like some unwritten ancient

constitution was wound through the cobbles of the city streets. Everything matched but us, and so we crept. Tables stood in the middle of the square, under the glare of a shameless white statue. We laid our bags down and sat. One of the men approached and we spoke and he didn’t and instead just turned and disappeared and returned with coffee then left once more.

“Everything was asleep as if the universe was a mistake.” We drank and waited for the city to wake up. First came the birds, hovering at a distance, one by one, then all together atop the buildings - stitched together by black metal wire balconies one step deep. The cracked white houses, homes and shops, two stories tall, hid everything if we looked towards the sea, where the seven hills of the city ended. Behind us, those same hills stretched up and away into the hills.

“I don't believe in the landscape.” Lisbon was wiped out once. In 1755 the Great Lisbon Earthquake struck from the Atlantic and destroyed the city, as many as a third of its population were killed. We left the square and explored the rebuilt city. The sun now hung over the sea and shone upon the red tile roofs of the city whose people began to fill the streets and in all regards appeared differently from people found elsewhere. They moved calmly and contemplatively with the spaces of the city rather than through them. There were mustached men in worn down suits with wide wondering walks, and others with silent steps who glanced from under brimming hats seldom seen elsewhere. Children walked in close kept circles of whispering spies as well dressed women walked past with stern stares into the far away. We overcame the city slopes with fresh portuguese bread, crossing the careful bending waving streets in tram cars that heaved at the thick tangles of metal that overhung the first

floor's surrounding.

“In the doomed castle where life must be lived...” As the day passed on and the heat of the sun began to bare upon us we walked languid amongst the districts of the ocean city. Through the glamour and wealth of Chiado, held out for all to see upon the window stages lining the shopping streets. The area was destroyed by a fire in 1988 but was rebuilt with its back straight and head held high and proud for the rich to breathe clearer again. We went on. Baxia, the downtown area of streaking mosaic underfoot arrived and stared at us from its central throne as underneath its straightened streets flattened and deceived and we let ourselves be carried in the strength of the warmth of the city.

“All is absurd.” As dusk began to come over the city and lights in the windows gave out a full orange glow we reached bohemian Bairro Alto and came upon visions of the city through gaps in the walls of its fortified labyrinths that split into the city on hilltops and let the sea be seen and so reminded of where the city was and how it stretched on the edge of Europe’s horizon. The painted district walls adorned with images of Lisbon’s creative soul spread out as a living canvas upon which the dotted figures of Lisbon’s music and rhythm slowly spread as the slow build of the day grew towards its finale of night.

“I grow still at last.” Lisbon is breathing. It is a heavy housewife rolling dough. It is a bus conductor demanding change. It is a fisherman suffering from stolen fish. It is a mechanic and son trying to fix. It is a part romance and part growing up. It is a drop of ink and a thought of hope. It is a back ache walk up a holy hill. It is all that and more and it goes on and on - growing still.


11 Poetry

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COLLEGE TRIBUNE

9th October 2012

Page 11

Page 11 Poetry imithe

Just Friends

gan a hanam, agus a croí, gan a gaire, 'sí ina luí.

An absent-minded kiss in the pale blue haze of the morning after.

tá sí uaimse, imithe. ró-óg le himeacht, mo chara is fearr. Michelle Smith

Shrugging off sleep, Nestled into the half-doze of wakefulness. Barely conscious, the bliss of this brief moment didn't register til several hours later. And for an instant, I was in trouble. But then I remembered: I could fuck anyone I wanted. 

IN FOCUS She rests on one knee and the mud soaks through her jeans. Later the cold will make her miserable, but now she does not pay attention to it. Her arms are bent at sharp angles, fingers toying around her third eye. She holds her breath, adjusts the focus and keeps still. Above her head birds sing and some mimic the sound of the shutter snapping. She pushes the trigger, feels the inner workings of the camera in her hands. A sound escapes, like a flutter of a pigeon’s wing. She exhales for the photograph is taken. Gets up, brushes the dirt off and walks on, applying her mind to unknown arts, changing the laws of nature.  Amadeusz Kepinski

AH

NIGHT RIVER

Postcards

Spicy Gum

As the river flows So do my thoughts, Flowing through the city, My ideas curling round the buildings. It's a long way I guess From one fragment of imagination to another, Forming the basis for a new communication never heard before; It's moving quietly now in the still water, Maybe it's from another time, Flowing through my mind as the river goes.   And you, standing there in the cold dawn, Reaching for some complex theory That combines quantum mechanics with general relativity, As if the morning were a combination of elements Thrown together in God's experiment.   The last fish will swim into its coffin, Another civilisation in decline, Its language pared down to a grunt; We let ourselves slip off the precipice, Forever falling into the memory of a star, Black at its heart and silent as the universe before us.

I have heard about postcards.

there’s something calming about it, kind of like my second girlfriend my first real one, who I used to kiss after school only, who used to kiss me only after school, it’s kind of like that. she used to chew spicy gum and take it out of her pale pink mouth, just before I said hello. and it was all cold then between eyes and chins, and that was nice. it’s kind of like that, so I take another sip

Michael Donohue

Postcards that fly and that fall across the sky like storms can’t stop them and storms don’t stop them. I have heard that, and always I’ve asked after them and been told you have to wait, and wait, and wait, until one lands on your desk. And I don’t believe that... that kind of, untold thing. I’ve known a different kind, the kind that sit on my desk waiting for writing, waiting for sending. NJ

Send submissions to features@collegetribune.ie

D.M


12

BUSINESS

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COLLEGE TRIBUNE 9th October 2012

Iranian currency collapse sparks public chaos Eoin Callaghan Last week saw a pivotal moment occur in Iran’s modern economic history as the public protested against a collapse in the national currency. On Wednesday, October 3rd, the Iranian government suspended trading of the domestic rial following a 30% devaluation in one week. Official inflation stood at 23.5%; however the price of milk was increasing by 9% overnight. Traders were complaining that they did not know what to set prices at, as the rial fluctuated wildly.

"People do not pay for their milk and eggs with dollars; it is the middle class who demand the American currency more in order to buy Western imports." The past few months have seen a huge surge in demand for US dollars in Iran, as the public tries to prevent further erosion of their purchasing power through the rial’s ongoing devaluation. The majority of foreign exchange in Iran is handled by market based currency traders, operating an unofficial ex-

change rate system. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the Iranian President, said a “psychological war” waged by the West was causing an attack on his country’s currency. He went further, announcing that investigations had been launched into “22 ringleaders” at the heart of a “speculative attack”. To prevent the rial from sliding further into the abyss, Ahmadinejad ordered a crackdown on blackmarket currency traders. This government intervention led to clashes between traders and riot police in the centre of the Grand Bazaar, Tehran’s economic melting pot. Surrounding merchants shut up shop as a sign of solidarity and support for the currency traders. The FT reported that police threatened bazaaris who had closed, ordering them to re-open in order to prevent a complete economic collapse. Public protest quickly spread across Tehran as more and more businesses closed, eventually causing trouble in other major cities. Most economic commentators believe the currency collapse has resulted from a balance of payments crisis facing the Iranian economy. Economic sanctions have been in place for a number of years, in order to halt nuclear warfare development, but on July 1st the European Union imposed a ban on Iranian oil imports. This, combined with further Iranian banking restrictions from the US, has caused a severe shock to Iran’s supply of foreign currency. It is estimated that Iranian oil exports have halved since the West imposed its most recent sanctions, costing the regime around

$5 billion a month, severely cutting the flow of dollars into the Islamic State. At the same time, banking restrictions have put much of the government’s foreign currency reserves out of reach. The ever smaller stock of foreign currency in Iran has led to a 60% devaluation in the rial over the last year, which has fuelled a vicious cycle of reducing confidence in the domestic currency leading to a higher demand for dollars – which in turn devalues the rial even more. However, what sparked last week’s collapse was a de facto admission from Iran’s central bank that foreign currency stocks were reaching critically low levels, as they offered preferential exchange rates to importers of food and other essential goods. This action invoked fear into investors and the general public. Reuters cited a Western diplomat in Iran as saying, “Everyone wants to buy dollars and it's clear there's a bit of a bank run.” Iran’s internal economic and resulting political crises have been hailed as a major coup for the West. Bloomberg reported last week that the EU were looking at putting more economic sanctions in place to finally “cripple” Iran’s economy in order to make the country halt its uranium enrichment programme. Hillary Clinton made it clear, however, that the West does not want to see the citizens of Iran facing undue hardship and that any actions need to be targeted at weakening political powers. On the other hand, the Iranian govern-

ment does have options available which can limit this political weakening. The domestic economy is large and very industrial based. People do not pay for their milk and eggs with dollars; it is the middle class who demand the American currency more in order to buy Western imports. An article on Business Insider over the weekend quoted Dr. SalehiIsfahani, a fellow of the Brookings Institute, "The Iranian currency is very worthwhile for poor people. They go to work, they get their daily wage, they go buy their chicken and bread, and they get the same that they got the day before." The rial operates on a “multiple exchange rate” system which allows the government to attach certain exchange rates to different groups of goods and services. Manipulating this exchange rates system, which caused initial panic last week, may actually pay dividends in the medium to long term as the government shifts the burden of more expensive imports from the politically important poor to the more passive middle class. It remains to be seen how Iran can deal with an ever increasing balance of payments deficit. If it can maintain political control over the poor in society, at the expense of the middle class, not much will change in its foreign policy stance. If this crisis worsens and the public become increasingly vocal against their leaders, it is possible for Iranian foreign policy to take on a new trajectory - seeking a relaxation of the economic sanctions which will only come with nuclear concessions.


Free kite. No strings attached!

It’s Satire, STUPID!

INSIDE "'Dramsoc more like shamsoc,' says civil rights activist." "Pringles to launch their bubble wrap brand, 'o nce you pop, you just can’t stop'." "Librocop fury at 'please talk' campaign." "Irish cow management – in a field of its own." "Funeral of strict vegan to be held – big turn-up expected." "Infertility 'unlikely to be genetic' claims UCD researcher."

Leiber Pat,

It’s been a while since we’ve seen you around Belfield, but we’re grateful that you dropped us all a postcard from Berlin. I’m glad to hear that you’re having such an eventful time in the German capital - it’s nice to know that Berghain’s “party drugs” scene was to your liking. I’ll check it out next time I’m over. Things back here have been uneventful. Sobriety has set in across the campus so you’re probably lucky to have got out when you did. That darn bar never did reopen. Black Monday was a washout. Ended up being just me and a few ducks scooping cans of Dutch Gold on the GAA pitches. If you see Sven Marquardt over there tell him I say hi. We had a thing once. Hugh sends his love. Tschüss,

Candi xoxoxo

NANANANANANANANANA BATMANATEE!!


features@collegetribune.ie

COLLEGE TRIBUNE

9th October 2012

REGULARS

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Ad Astra, Comtrom Féinne Elizabeth Coote

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he title of this article was inspired by a Birthday gift I received from my grandchildren last month. They gave me a beautiful silver ring inscribed with the College motto ‘Ad Astra Comtrom Féinne’ written around the band. The english translation of these Latin words is ‘To the stars and fair play’. It took me many years to pluck up the courage to enquire what the Latin inscription meant. Had I been computer literate I could have gone onto the Internet and found out in two minutes. I had known the translation of Ad Astra, ‘To the Stars’, however it was only this week that I learned the meaning of Comtrom Féinne, ‘Fair Play’. Our College motto is a one to be proud of and one that should be applied on a daily basis, not only in UCD, but also in our daily life when we have left behind our university days. Throughout our lives we will be reaching for something, that may be a job, a partner, a better life, or good health. Our dreams take us on a journey, and trying to reach the stars is just a tiny part of the dreams and aspirations we will attempt to fulfil during our lifetime. With the death this year of Neil Armstrong I found myself remembering that wonderful day in 1969, looking at a grainy TV picture and

seeing that young astronaut becoming the first man to walk on the moon. The world held its breath at that moment and anyone still alive will never forget those famous words, “That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”. He didn’t get to the stars, but he reached the moon and on the way saw the beauty of the world below him and the universe all around him. While it is almost impossible to reach the stars it is well worth trying. The second section of this motto for me is far more important, ‘Fair Play’. That is either something you will carry with you throughout your life or not. This becomes an individual choice. What I interpret as fair play applies to everything that helps to make us decent human beings. It is about how we treat other people in our daily lives, which includes our families, our communities, but also those in our place of work, which for you at this moment in time is UCD. I include all who work within the walls of this university, fair play is of the utmost importance and it gives everyone a modicum of respect and dignity that helps to make a happy work force. This, in turn, leads to a feeling of belonging, and let’s be honest, most of us wish to belong and be content and proud

of our work. I know my own motivation when working for students and staff was to be given the little words, ‘thanks and well done’. What can be better than being fair and just in all our dealings with our fellow man? Living on this small planet brings us very close to each other. We all need a fair chance in life and if we try to show fairness to each other, I believe it lightens our burden, albeit in a small way. If life has thought me anything it is that caring and showing kindness to others has gives far more reward than any material or monetary gain. Take a risk and be that person who will play fair and reach for the stars. Never forget the person beside you

in class or in the corridors, or those on the same road, reach out and help them. The reward is unbelievable. Keep in mind that you are very lucky to be in college and that by putting in the hours and chipping away at the study it will become a little easier each day. For most students it is your parents who are paying and supporting you, for others you are doing part time work and for others it is huge sacrifice from husband or wife helping to support you in your years of study. Whoever it is, they are supporting you with their unselfish giving and their pride in seeing you getting this fantastic chance to further

your education and reach your goal. They don’t want it for themselves; it is for you and you alone. Support your friends and be fully aware that the college belongs to you; it is your college, funded by your parents and the people of Ireland. Thanks for reading this. I hope I have helped one student out of the thousands in Belfield, if so I will have achieved what I set out to do. Ignore the cynics, they are the ones who lose out and never experience the joy that you will have gained during your student days. Actions speak louder than words, practice and live your College motto.

CT

Overheard in the College Tribune office

Cheryl - "Am I supposed to be doing something? I probably am, but I'm not going to do it. I'm going to eat Pringles instead." James - "What's your favourite prophet?" Cheryl - "... Elijah!" James - "Mine is Jonah. He seemed like a fun guy." Cheryl - "Yeh, he had a 'whale' of a time!" James - "You're such a Pleb-end! You never want to give out to anybody. You're always thinking of people's "feelings"" James - "Ah sure where would we be without Latin? We'd only have half a television!" Cathal - "I can't believe there is something I don't know..."

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Check out more Tribune banter on overheardinthectoffice.blogspot.com


16 GNÉ - AILT

gaelige@collegetribune.ie

COLLEGE TRIBUNE 9th October 2012

Gaeilgeoir caillte sa Bhriotáin Anna NicDiarmada Scríbhneoir

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ús bliain nua na hOllscoile. Meán Fómhair atá ann. I ndiaidh an tSamhraidh fada, tá an coláiste beo le daltaí arís. Tá lucht caite tobaic ag bailiú le chéile arís lasmuigh d’fhoirgneamh na hEalaíona. Tá an seomra caidrimh oscailte arís, plódaithe le daltaí ag ól tae. Mura dtaitníonn rí-rá agus fuadar Ionad Nua na Mac Léinn leat aimsítear suaimhneas ag an loch rúnda. Is iomaí áit atá ann ar féidir leat éalú ó lucht fiáin na céad bliana. Is oth liom a rá go mothaím anois mar scoláire caillte na céad bliana. Ag tús na bliana, nuair a bhí mo chairde súgach sa teach tábhairne ag ceiliúradh tús na bliana sa choláiste, tharla go raibh mé ar an eitleán, i m'aonar, go tosú mo shaoil nua sa Bhriotáin sa Fhrainc. Bhí mo bhliain mar dhalta Erasmus romham; uaigneach, caillte, agus neirbhíseach. Déanaim staidéar ar an bhFraincis agus ar an nGaeilge san ollscoil. Bheartaigh mé teacht chuig an gcathair Rennes (nó Roazhon, an fhoirm cheilteach atá ann den fhocal) toisc go bhfuil naisc Cheilteacha ag baint leis an gcathair áirithe

sin. Labhraítear teanga Cheilteach sa Bhriotáin darb ainm an Bhriotáinis, teanga P-ceilteach. Múintear í anseo i Rennes cé nach labhraítear í go minic (is féidir comparáid a dhéanamh idir Rennes agus Baile Átha Cliath ó thaobh na Gaeilge de). Labhraítear na teangacha Ceilteacha in iarthar na tíre. Shíl mé go mbeadh cosúlachtaí ann idir an mBriotáinis agus an nGaeilge. Bhí sé ar intinn agam go n-aimseoidh mé áit cosúil leis an gCeathrú Rua sa Bhriotáin. Bhí dul amú orm. D'fhreastail mé ar rang Briotáinise agus d'aithin mé i bhfaiteadh na súl nach bhfuil nasc suntasach ar bith ann idir teanga na Gaeilge agus teanga na Briotáinise. Bhí mé in umar na haimléise, gan teanga, gan anam. Bhraith mo thír dhúchais agus mo theanga uaim. Baineadh geit asam dhá lá ó shin nuair a chonaic mé fógra as Gaeilge. Creid é nó ná creid é, múintear Gaeilge na hÉireann anseo sa Bhriotáin! Tá céim mháistreachta ann chomh maith le ranganna foghlama teanga. Is laoch é an múinteoir. Is Meiriceánach é a bhfuil Gaeilge líofa aige agus fíorchanúint Chonamara aige.

Bhí ionadh orm nuair a thosaigh sé ag caint as Béarla le blas greannmhar Meiriceánach. Chaith sé seal sa Cheathrú Rua ar scoláireacht cúpla bliain ó shin. An Des Bishop nua, dar liom. Dhá sheachtain caite agam anseo agus fós táim ag déanamh comparáide idir CÓBAC agus Coláiste

Rennes. Ní mhothaítear spiorad an choláiste go minic i gColáiste Rennes. Níl club ceoil, nó cumann ar bith sa choláiste. Níl imeachtaí ranga ar siúl, ná ionadaí ranga le feiceáil. Níl Ionad Nua na Mac Léinn nó loch rúnda le sonrú, ach in ainneoin sin, níl insint béil ar an mbród

a mhothaím nuair a chloisim Francach bocht soineanta na tríú bliana ag déanamh iarrachta 'Tá pionta beorach uaim' a rá, cé go bhfuilim féin ag iarraidh mo chuid gáire a cheilt! Braithim ag baile anois.

Léirmheas Scannáin: What Richard Did Cathal Mac Dhaibhéid Scríbhneoir

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íche dá raibh sa bhliain 2000, dúnmharaíodh fear óg ocht mbliana déag d’aois i gcathair Átha Cliath. Greadadh chun báis go fíochmhar, foréigneach é ag slua comhghleacaithe. Agus ráta dúnbhásaithe na príomhchathrach ar cheann de na rátaí is airde san Eoraip le traidhfil de bhlianta anuas, is dócha nach mbaineann an scéal seo geit asat. Ach ba eachtra shuntasach é anbhás Brian Murphy. Creid nó ná creid, níor thit an t-ionsaí seo amach ar shráideanna garbha taobh eile na Life, nó in áraslann shuarach ionchathrach éigin. Tharla sé anseo, i mBaile Átha Cliath 4. Ciontaíodh triúr i ndúnorgain Murphy. B’iar-dhaltaí de chuid Choláiste na Carraige Duibhe iad ar fad. I ndeireadh na dála, le rogha agus togha na ndlíodóirí ag obair ar a son, neamhníodh na cúisimh ina gcoinne. Sa bhliain 2008, foilsíodh an túrscéal Bad Day in Blackrock. Bhí cosúlachtaí láidre doshéanta ann idir scéal Brian Murphy agus scéal Conor Harris – príomhcharachtar an leabhair. Bhí idir dhéistin is shamhnas orthu siúd a bhí bainteach le cás Murphy ocht mbliana roimhe dá dheasca. Chosain an

t-údar, Kevin Power, a shaothar. Dar leis, níor phléigh na Gardaí, na meáin nó an córas dlí le cás Murphy mar ba cheart. Mhothaigh sé go raibh de dhualgas air dul i ngleic leis an iomrall ceartais a bhain le bás an fhir óig trí mheán na litríochta. Chomh maith leis sin áfach, bhí sé ar intinn ag Power léargas glinn, gonta, géarshúileach a thabhairt ar uasaicmí BÁC4 – ar an sochaí éilíteach, ar éitis uaillmhianacha na scoileanna phríobháideach agus ar machismo na n-imreoirí rugbaí. D’éirigh go geal leis. Tá athchóiriú ar úrscéal iontach Power anois le feiceáil sa phictiúrlann – scannán dar teideal What Richard Did. Stiúrtha go sciliúil ag Lenny Abrahamson, táthar ag rá cheana gurb é seo an scannán Éireannach is tábhachtaí le fada fada an lá. Leanann an scannán saol Richard Karlsen - déagóir stuama, spórtúil, cliste ó dheisceart Bhaile Átha Cliath, le clann ceanúil cineálta. Tá saol an mhadaidh bháin ag Richard - tá Scrúduithe na hArdteistiméireachta díreach curtha de i scoil mór le rá agus tá sé ag dréim go mór le samhradh lán-craice, lánóil lena chairde rachmasacha. Mar aon leis na carachtair eile sa scannán seo, comhlíonann Richard steiréitíopa an D4 go beacht. Lena bhlas bréag-Mheiriceánach,

a léinte Abercrombie agus suim as cuimse s’aige sa rugbaí, ní bheadh sé as áit in úrscéal de chuid Ross O’Carroll-Kelly, ach ní scigcharachtar é, carachtar iomlán inchreidte is ea Richard. Diaidh ar ndiaidh, téann sé i bhfeidhm ort. Is ceannaire go smior é, atá dílis dá chairde agus tuillteanach i gcónaí comhairle ciallmhar a sholáthar.

Ar ndóigh, ní bheadh déagscannán ann gan scéal grá. Tá dúil ag Richard i mbean óg darbh ainm Lara. Leanaimid dul chun cinn an chaidrimh - ón gcliúsaíocht chúthaileach go dtí an rómáns daingean a neartaíonn eatarthu de réir a chéile. Éiríonn le Abrahamson na teenage kicks sin a cheapadh go cruinn, gan dul thar fóir. Sár i bh-

fad áfach, agus a ngrá faoi bhláth, tosaíonn iar-bhuachaill Lara ag cur as don lánúin. Tchítear dúinn nach bhfuil Richard chomh hiontaofa is a shíleamar i dtús báire. Faigheann éad agus fearg an ceann is fearr air, le himpleachtaí tromchúiseacha dó féin agus dá chlann. Ní mór dom foireann aisteoirí an scannáin a mholadh, go háirithe Lars Mikkelsen a ghlacann ról an athar atá ag streachailt go daor le cruachás a mhic, mac nár chothaigh fadhb dó riamh. Ó thaobh na cineamatagrafaíochta de, scannán galánta atá ann. Baintear úsáid éifeachtach as an scáileán leathan chun súil sháiteach a chaitheamh ar ghné de shochaí na hÉireann nach raibh feicthe sa phictiúrlann roimhe seo. Gan aon agó, sár-scannán is ea What Richard Did. Cosúil le saothair eile Abrahamson (Adam & Paul agus Garage), agus in ainneoin chúlra compordach na gcarachtar, tá scéal sceirdiúil cruthaithe anseo aige. Tugann sé le fios nach bhfuil an saol go bog ag éinne, fiú i mbruachbhailte áille Bhaile Átha Cliath Theas, agus go ndéanann daoine meancóga, beag beann ar aicme. Ní mhaireann an scannán ach uair go leith, ach is cinnte go gcuirfidh sé ag smaoineamh thú ar feadh tamaill mhaith ina dhiaidh.


sport@collegetribune.ie

COLLEGE TRIBUNE

9th October 2012

SPORT

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The war of independence Amy Eustace examines the latest meeting between Barcelona and Real Madrid

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he Catalan Senyera flew high in the Camp Nou on Sunday night, as Real Madrid took to Barcelona’s famed stadium in what was dubbed the most politically charged Clasico since Francisco Franco’s Madrid came to visit a month after the authoritarian Madridista’s death in 1975. Amid increasing support for separatism in Catalonia, regional president Artur Mas has promised to call for a referendum on the matter if he is successful in elections in late November. The consequences could be severe, with the state army constitutionally capable of using force to protect state unity. However, even with separation on the top of the agenda, nothing could sever the two sides on Sunday evening. Regardless of the increasing relevance of El Clasico's sociopolitical backdrop, it's rare that a face-off between Spain's sparring titans isn't reduced to the inevitable Messi versus Ronaldo debate. The pocket-sized Argentinean and his Portuguese rival have long been deemed members of football's historic top table despite their rela-

tive youth and the many years still ahead of them at the pinnacle of the game. In this instance, it was plain to see why discussion centres on those same two superstar names more often than not. Unsurprisingly, Cristiano Ronaldo opened the scoring – adding to an impressive record of scoring in his past six encounters with Barcelona in a row - with a strike that left Victor Valdes' head spinning at his near post. Messi was on hand with a reply though, a very atypical Barcelona goal, jabbed in past Iker Casillas after a scramble in Madrid's box. He doubled his tally in the second half with a picture perfect free kick that looped over the Spanish goalkeeper and put the home side in front for the first time. Not to be outdone, Ronaldo got his second of the night courtesy of a delectable pass from Mesut Ozil, slicing open Barcelona's makeshift defence. The striker made no mistake in putting it away. It ended all square, two goals apiece - a scoresheet that could have belonged to any Clasico of the last few years, and a match that, otherwise, went by largely without incident.

The absence of Carles Puyol, Gerard Pique and Eric Abidal was duly noted. Barcelona’s defence collapsed upon itself more than once without its talismanic local pair. For a change, the match was not characterised by a sending off or two or ham-acting from usual suspects like the much-maligned Sergio Busquets. It was very much another episode which centered around the man who is widely accepted as modern football’s best, Messi, and Ronaldo, the pretender to the throne. Having already lost its competitive charm by revolving largely around the Clasico rivalry, Spain's

beloved La Liga is at risk of being simplified further again to this; the never-ending point-scoring that takes place between the two, or indeed the Spanish and global media make it seem as such. No doubt, both players would publicly attest to the idea of it being about the team, and not the individuals. Indeed, most would consider it tragically and criminally ignorant to boil such an intricate, historic and intense rivalry down to such trivialities as this. But the Messi and Ronaldo Show still gets top billing - not the decades of history, the battle of wits and clout, the understated brilliance of Xavi and Iniesta’s

double act, the elegance of Alonso or the creativity of Ozil. A Clasico is no longer a Clasico without this battle within a battle, and other factors lose focus while Lionel and Cristiano engage in constant oneupmanship – for the good of their respective teams or their own reputations. As Catalonia fights on for its independence, its flagship source of pride fights to win back its title as Spain, and the world’s, best. More and more, however, it’s beginning to feel like the biggest war is between their stars instead, while they fight to escape the other’s shadow.

aforementioned 4-0 runs in quick succession finally put them out of sight. Ger Noonan fouled out with time almost expired, the final nail the coffin for a defiant but limited Neptune team. The Sports Centre continues to be something of a fortress for UCD, and with game MVP John Galvin putting up monstrous numbers in a 26 point 21 rebound night, Coach

Sasa Punosevac has found a go-to presence in the frontcourt to build an offense around. Matt Kelly almost treated himself to a doubledouble in a 10 point 9 rebound effort while Dan James finished with 10 points and 6 rebounds. Next up for Marian is a trip to the National Basketball Arena this Friday to face Dublin Inter.

Galvin leads Marian over Neptune in home opener UCD Marian 70 Neptune 64 Conall Devlin Sports Editor

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CD Marian grinded out a deserved Nivea Superleague win against Cork side Neptune in front of a packed and raucous home crowd at the UCD Sports Centre on Saturday night. It was a game where Marian probably should have been out of sight long before two 4-0 runs late in the 4th quarter, inspired by American recruit John Galvin, ensured their first victory of the season after narrowly going down away to Killester last week. A frantic opening saw Neptune came out of the traps quicker, racing into a 5-0 lead with American forward Darren Townes prominent from the high post and the veteran backcourt Michael McGinn penetrating the UCD defense. Marian upped their intensity for the re-

mainder of the quarter however. Conor Meany and Galvin helped to settle them into the game; with the 6’10 Galvin drawing a lot of fouls and a foreboding presence on the offensive glass in a physical mismatch against 6’7 Neptune centre Mateusz Rudak. Kevin Foley provided a spark off the bench with 5 quick points and captain for the day Daniel James had a floater to beat the first quarter buzzer leaving the score 20-15. The two Americans on show carried their respective teams offensively in the second quarter with Townes showcasing his inside and outside game chipping in with 10 points while Galvin continued his aggressive post play with 8. New Marian Coach Sasa Punosevac has said he wants his team to be based on defense so will not have been overly pleased with Ger Noonan taking two trips to the free throw line, but Barry Drumm hit the first three-pointer of the game for Marian to close the half at 35-32. The third quarter was particularly cagey and saw Neptune make their greatest run at UCD despite

Townes having to be benched for getting into foul trouble. Ian McLaughlin and Mateusz Rudak made contributions to a more balanced offense but free throw shooting from Conor Meany and Galvin, in addition to greater team defense led by Kevin Foley, keeping the Cork side at bay, 49-48. The fourth quarter was the highest scoring for Marian. A big 3 from Conor James at the shot clock expired lifted the nervy home crowd, and despite Ger Noonan coming up clutch offensively Marian continued to find answers when they were needed. Liam Conroy came into the game as did Matt Kelly, whose composure and intensity frustrated a desperate Neptune full court press. The Cork side gambled and threw Darren Townes back on with only 1 more personal foul to give- a decision that didn’t pay off for Coach Mark Scanell as he needlessly fouled out with 6 minutes remaining. The streaky shooter bowed out with 15 points. Thereafter the Neptune challenge wilted. UCD upped their intensity in transition and the


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sport@collegetribune.ie

COLLEGE TRIBUNE 9th October 2012

Gaelic games in Gaul UCD Erasmus Student Declan O’Rourke gives an account of playing with the Tolosa Despòrt Gaelic

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oing on Erasmus to Toulouse, I knew very little about the city. Two of the few things I did know about it were that it is home to Trevor Brennan’s pub and also to a growing GAA club. Though I travelled with no great intentions of sussing out either, it wasn’t long before I found Brennan’s pub, and it wasn’t too long either before the GAA club found me. The Tolosa Gaels recruitment strategy is a simple one: If one of the big screens in Brennan’s pub (De Danu) is showing GAA, scan the area for anyone who is a) wearing a county jersey, b) sunburnt, or c) eating a full Irish. Should anyone into any of the above categories be located, pounce. Being from Dublin, my first encounter with De Danu was, naturally enough, the football semi-final v Mayo. By the time Michael Lyster was introducing the match commentators, there were roughly ten Irish students gathered around the big screen, each falling into at least one if not all of the recruitment categories. Sure enough, Tolosa’s chief

recruiter, a French man named Clement, had us spotted and cornered in no time. Training would take place on Wednesdays for as long as we had the light, and every Saturday morning. There would also be subsidised trips to Maastricht, Paris, Lyon, and if we qualified, the European Championships in Brussels. Not half bad, we all agreed, so off we went to training the following Wednesday. The pitch we were training on ended up being a lot further away than we had imagined so by the time I got there with my UCD co-recruit we were late enough to warrant at least two punishment laps of the field at home. Thankfully this age old corner stone of GAA timekeeping hasn’t yet made it to France so we were spared any extra running. The NUIG crowd followed, along with some French stragglers, and before we knew it we numbered seventeen, the best attended session in Clement’s memory. On the Metro out to training I decided it would best if I modelled my

style of play on something between the Armagh team of 2002 and the Donegal team of 2011, as I’ve never been known for any great accuracy in either my kicking or soloing of an O’Neills size 5, and so I’ve never enjoyed playing football as much as hurling. I was delighted to find that most of our drills revolved around taking a good shoulder and releasing a hand pass – about the limit of my skillset. It stayed comfortably over twenty degrees for the duration of the session and by the time we wrapped up proceedings with a hugely enjoyable game of backs and forwards we had been out on the field for over an hour and a half. Another Irish GAA tradition not yet to have reached Toulouse is the communal tray of water bottles, so while we all felt the great satisfaction of having put in a solid evening’s work, the journey home was dominated by complaints of blisters and thirst. Between compulsory tutorials on a Wednesday evening and severe difficulties making it out of bed before 9am on a Saturday I haven’t

made it to any sessions since. I’m told that things are motoring along nicely, with numbers holding steadily around the ten or eleven mark, and that one of our group from that first day in De Danu has been promoted to assistant coach. Three of the NUIG contingent haven’t missed training yet, and while the standard isn’t the best, and the pitch is harder than anything you’ll find in Saipan, they’re adamant that it’s as much fun as

they’ve ever had playing football at home. From the one session I’ve been to I can’t disagree. Though Clement doesn’t mind that I can’t make Wednesdays, I’m running out of excuses for my Saturday morning absences so I’m determined to be there this week. Wish me luck.

well at all, and this had an impact on the game throughout as the scrum often became sloppy and difficult for the referee to manage. Once again, Leinster were first to rise to the challenge after the restart. After a Sexton penalty, a series of direct attacks resulted in the mercurial Brian O’Driscoll crossing for a try. That put Leinster 16 in front and the Munster comeback effort was hindered greatly as Damien Varley was immediately sin binned following O’Driscoll’s try for indiscipline at the breakdown. With the game looking like it might run away from them, Munster had to do something to give them a fighting chance of nabbing points from the game, and Conor Murray did just that,

going over after good traditional pack work. The newly introduced Ian Keatley scored a fantastic conversion to bring an unlikely result within touching distance. The final ten minutes were frenetic, as curtain calls between these two sides tend to be. Leinster were forced to defend for their lives as Munster piled on pressure to get something out of the game. The reigning European champions stood up to the task however, as Munster were unable to create the spark required to make an opening. Lualala thought he had given his side at least a bonus point, but he was denied by what looked like a fairly marginal knock-on call, and Lenster held on to record a 30-21

victory. Both teams will now look ahead to the Heineken Cup, but will both be happy at the intensity levels and drive present in what was a valuable pre-tournament tester. Leinster begin their defence with a tough assignment against new boys Exeter, and will no doubt be concerned with the injuries sustained to Brian O’Driscoll and Isa Nacewa, who join an already growing early season casualty list. While Munster were lucky to escape without any major health scares, they will need to lift their guile and concentration if they wish to overcome the cash rich Racing Metro when they travel to Paris next weekend.

Leinster withstand ferocious Munster fightback Anthony Strogen Writer

A

strong opening quarter, which included two tries, sent Leinster on their way to a hard fought win over traditional nemesis Munster in Saturday evenings RaboDirect Pro 12 clash at the Aviva Stadium, in what truly was an enthralling game. Both teams entered the game with something to prove. Munster were keen to get a gauge as to where exactly their team stood, with form and consistency lacking during new coach Rob Penney’s opening games. Leinster on the other hand would have been undoubtedly hell bent on atoning for their shambolic display last time out, when they were handed a comprehensive drubbing by Connacht. Indeed it was Leinster who got out of the gate quickest, with Richardt Strauss going in under the posts after a well-orchestrated set-piece move after four minutes. However Munster hit back almost immediately, with great work from the trio of Keith Earls, Simon Zebo and Casey Laulala enabling Peter O’Mahony to touch down in the corner. Ronan O’Gara failed to add

the extras, although he slotted a penalty moments later to send the underdogs into the lead. He and Jonny Sexton then traded penalties as the game began to become somewhat frayed as the relentless opening pace was maintained. Leinster then began to create a small bit of dominance over their southern counterparts. After a period of sustained and unrelenting pressure, Ian Madigan was found in space and he duly returned Les Bleus to the lead. Leinster also began to assert their superior power in the scrum and this allowed Jonny Sexton to stretch their lead after Munster were once again penalised for infringement. Indeed both Sexton and O’Gara dazzled in the opening half, each giving a fantastic display of tactical and place kicking, and it was the Corkonian who knocked over the final score of the half 5 minutes from the interval, getting his team back into the game after some solid pressure in the Leinster half. As the second period kicked off it was quite noticeable that the pitch at the Aviva was not holding up too


sport@collegetribune.ie

COLLEGE TRIBUNE

9th October 2012

Alonso falters in Japan Writer

G

Conall Devlin rear, causing a puncture which resulted in Alonso losing control and spinning off and then back into the middle of the track. Both Nico Rosberg and Mark Webber soon followed with Romain Grosjean once again the centre of attention due to his culpability in removing Webber from the track. As the cars ahead slowed going into the corner, Grosjean failed to adequately do the same and ran into the Australian’s right rear tyre, turning him sideways. The two cars were briefly conjoined with Webber having to leave the track in order to free himself. Impressively, he managed to return to the race and moved up the field to finish in a respectable 8th position, not without a few choice words for Grosjean after the race – calling the Frenchman a ‘first lap nutcase’ and ‘embarassing’. For Alonso however, there was no such revival. His retirement was immediate and, following a cleanup of the track and the introduction of the safety car, it was Sebastian

Sports Editor

Continued from back page

Vettel who led the race. It was a lead that would remain unchanged and, barring a brief challenge from Felipe Massa, it was to be a comfortable victory for Vettel. In doing so, he became the first driver to win two consecutive races this year. Massa went on to finish the race in second position, his first podium since 2010, with Kamui Kobayashi in third celebrating his first podium in 70

races in front of his home fans. With just five races remaining in the 2012 season, and with only 4 points separating Fernando Alonso and Sebastian Vettel, it remains a distinct possibility that a champion may not be crowned until the final race in Brazil. If Vettel is to take it, he would become only the third driver in Formula 1 history to win three consecutive championships.

World Cup Qualifiers Preview Writer

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Ireland outing. The German camp meanwhile will miss the firepower of injured Mario Gomez but can welcome back influential midfielder Bastian Schweinsteiger as they look to maintain their 100% record in this Group C. Tuesday will bring on what should be the relatively straightforward test of a post-Brian Kerr Faroe Islands side which could bring good opportunity to bounce back if the Germans live up to expectations on Friday. Across the water, England continue to be rocked by controversy. John Terry is now out of the fold, as is Rio Ferdinand thanks to boss Roy Hodgson clumsily revealing it first to a crowd of London tube takers last week. Ashley Cole is included in the squad despite his Twitter attack on the FA. Hodgson and co take on San Marino before a tricky trip to face a Polish side reignited of late by their double Bundesligawinning Borussia Dortmund-based players. Wales take on Scotland in Cardiff in game which, for the wrong reasons, it is difficult to see either side winning. Both face subsequent tricky continental trips to Croatia and Belgium respectively and anything but a win for either side

The aforementioned Paul Maguire provided the necessary fatal blow for what was an inevitable conclusion to the contest. The substitute’s first effort, a high looping effort right in front of the Jude’s supporters, dropped over Michael McGinley’s crossbar much to their delight. The following play saw Maguire burst through two challenges to slot over from 25 metres. UCD applied some late pressure, but the goal they required never materialized. Kingston's injurytime free proved to be scant consolation. Having managed just a solitary point from play in the second half, UCD can have no complaints about Jude’s deserved victory. They now look forward to a quarter-final date with Na Fianna. Speaking after the game, UCD captain Joshua Hayes felt the defeat could be a valuable learning curve and is excited about what new additions Mayo’s Kevin McLoughlin and Laois’ Paul Cahillane can bring to the table. “This game will help us reach the level we need to be at and the new faces will drive the team forward”. SCORERS - St Jude's: D Donnelly 0-3 (0-1f), A Glover 1-0, B McManamon 0-2 (0-1f), P Maguire 0-2, K McManamon, C Guckian 0-1 each. UCD: D Larkin 1-1, D Kingston 0-2 (0-2f), M O'Hanlon, K Dyas, N Murray, M O'Regan (0-1 '45') 0-1 each,

Thomas Hobbs eturning this week is the international football scene with Friday and Tuesday seeing the next chapter in qualification for Brazil’s 2014 World Cup. Maligning of the international format has accelerated in recent times but largely from British-based club management who perhaps would be better advised at allocating their dissatisfaction at Britain’s lack of a winter break, as practiced in Spain, Germany and Italy, instead. All the same, this will be the last round of non-club fixtures ahead of the hectic Christmas schedule in approximately two months time. Germany arrive in Dublin this week for what will be a daunting test especially in light of our narrow miss in Kazakhstan. Richard Dunne continues to struggle with injury and so has been left on the standby list. Manchester United youngster Robbie Brady, who impressed in the friendly with Oman scoring one goal and assisting for another in the 4-1 win, has been promoted to the squad in Kevin Doyle’s absence due to a thigh injury. Giovanni Trapattoni has included James McClean in the squad despite the Sunderland’s winger petulant Twitter outburst on his last

19

Late surge from Jude’s sends UCD out of Dublin Championship

Jonny Baxter oing into the Japanese Grand Prix this weekend it appeared as though it would require only a steady performance from Fernando Alonso to maintain his position at the top of the championship. Unfortunately for Alonso, there are some things in Formula 1 that are unavoidable, and this would be the second weekend of the year where he was to meet such a situation. The first corner of the first lap can often rival the rest of the race combined when it comes to dramatic moments and this particular Sunday was to offer numerous examples of why this is the case. Three cars left the track with just seconds gone in the race, the first of which was Fernando Alonso’s Ferrari. While it appears increasingly unlikely that his car has what it takes to mount a title challenge, Kimi Raikkonen had a significant influence in determining the winner of the championship when he came into contact with Alonso’s

SPORT

ST JUDE'S: P Copeland; C McBride, G Roche, S Breheny; N Cronin, C Guckian, S Ryan; C Murphy, P Cunningham; A Glover, D Gallagher, R Joyce; D Donnelly, K McManamon, B McManamon. Subs: E Dalton for Gallagher (25), P Maguire for Glover (52), O Manning for Cronin (55). UCD: M McGinley; P Kelly, C Forde, J Hayes; C Barrett, S Redmond, M Duffy; M Dineen, M O'Regan; N Murray, K Dyas, D Larkin; N Kilroy, M O'Hanlon, D Kingston. Subs: M Brazil for Dineen (ht), L Keaney for Kilroy (36).

against one another would realistically rule them out of qualification reckoning. Northern Ireland, boosted by the inclusion of former Republic of Ireland squad member and son of Steve, Alex Bruce, face a Portugal side in Porto on Sunday likely to be without captain Cristiano Ronaldo after he picked up a shoulder injury

in El Clasico. Every Spain fixture is an eyecatching one but there should be a relatively competitive affair in Madrid on Tuesday with Didier Deschamps bringing his France team to take on a side not beaten at home in a World Cup qualifier since 31st March 1993. Bonne chance, Didi.

REF: J Rutherford (Ballyboden St Enda's).


20

sport@collegetribune.ie

TRIBUNE

COLLEGE TRIBUNE 9th October 2012

LEINSTER WITHSTAND FEROCIOUS MUNSTER FIGHTBACK

SPORT

Anthony Strogen discusses Leinster verses Munster at the RaboPro 12 PAGE 18

Above: Barcelona fans display mosaic in the colours of the Catalan flag ahead of match with Real Madrid, October 7th 2012

Late surge from Jude’s sends UCD out of Dublin Championship St Jude’s 1-9 UCD 1-7 Conall Devlin Sports Editor

S

ubstitute Paul Maguire kicked two crucial scores in the closing five minutes to ensure that Templeogue club, St Jude’s, would prevail from an open but low scoring affair against UCD to the quarter final of the Evening Herald Dub-

lin Senior Football Championship at the Iveagh Grounds, Crumlin last week. Despite a strong line-up and first half dominance, UCD were unable to assert the type of sustained pressure they fell victim to in the final quarter as a more settled Jude’s side forced turnovers on multiple occasions to provide a platform to secure the victory. The Students began the brighter with Donie Kingston and Matt O’Hanlon dominating at full forward. Niall Murray pointed from play before a superbly worked move from Kingston supplied David Lar-

kin to fire past Jude’s goalkeeper Paul Copeland after 12 minutes. From the resulting kick out, however, Jude’s and Dublin’s Kevin McMenamon broke through from 45 metres out to lay the ball off to Andy Glover who, despite having been fouled, fired past Michael McGinley to knock the wind out of UCD’s sails. Thereafter, Brendan McMenamon carried a significant threat for St. Jude’s pointing from an impossible angle despite Colin Forde’s best efforts. Kevin Dyas pointed before moments later turning provider for Matt O’Hanlon who was

unlucky to see a certain goal chance go inches over the bar after a fingertip save from Paul Copeland. Jude's began to find their rhythm in the ten minutes before the break, the influential Chris Guckian striding forward from centre half back to fist over while Declan Donnelly ensured half-time parity, 1-3 each. The side's continued to exchange scores upon the restart, Donie Kingston slotting a free from distance, Donnelly responding with a fine score under pressure. A '45' from Michael O'Regan again edged UCD clear, but Jude's, with Colly Murphy and Paul Cunningham

gaining a foothold at midfield, began to turn the screw. A tenacious run from Kevin McManamon earned him the space to fist over the bar. Donnelly then held his nerve to convert a free to give the Tymon North men the lead for the first time in the 52nd minute. UCD were feeding off scraps, unable to execute their high ball passing game where they had been in the first half as the Jude’s half back line smothered and forced errors at will. Continued on page 19

College Tribune Volume XXVI Issue 3  

The College Tribune is a student newspaper based in University College Dublin. Established in 1989 by one of Ireland's best known print jour...

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