November 9th 2010
| The difference is we’re independent
Vol. 24. No 5
The College Tribune USI Student March ››
The Siren ››
Timeline & Photos of Student Protest
Derval O’ Rourke Interview
Dan Le Sac VS Scroobius Pip
Students Revolt! 40,000 turn out for peaceful protest. Student Services Charge could reach €3,000. Amy Walsh Last Wednesday’s march by the Union of Students in Ireland (USI) attracted an estimated 40,000 students, taking part in the peaceful protest. However, the protest was overshadowed by the actions of some protesters who clashed with An Garda Síochána outside the Department of Finance offices on Merrion Row. The official protest was organised in an effort to protect education in December’s Budget, where it has been widely reported that the student registration fee may rise to €3,000 coupled with a cut of up to 10% in the maintenance grant. The USI organised the march which left Parnell Square, crossing O Connell Bridge and finished outside Dáil Éireann. Protesters were marching to “Cap The Reg Fee, Protect The Grant and End The Brain Drain.” Students protested against any expected government attempts to increase the current registration fees or cut the level of the maintenance grant. Furthermore, students marched to put an end to the high levels of graduate emigration, demanding an emphasis on generating graduate employment in Ireland. The USI believes that if Ireland focuses on education we will “continue to produce world class graduates who will reignite the smart economy.” “Thousands of students are already struggling to fund their college education, and any increases in fees will force many of these students to drop out of their courses. It will also prevent thousands of potential students from entering third level
education in the future,” claimed USI President Gary Redmond. “The students of Ireland are the key to Ireland’s future prosperity. The students have sent a clear message today, that they will not stand idly by while being targeted in the Budget 2011. Higher education must be protected in this impending budget, and USI and the students of Ireland will campaign tirelessly to ensure that it is,” he added. “One in eight students here today goes to UCD and that fills me with pride as UCDSU President,” said Paul Lynam, following the march. “UCD students made a statement here today that we will no longer stand for this Governments blatant disregard for our future,” he added. Over 200 buses were provided to bring students from all over the country to the protest. Protesters chanted for the duration of the march, “No ifs, no buts, no education cuts,” and “”no cut backs, no fees, no Fianna Fail TDs.” The march ended outside Dáil Éireann, where student leaders, including USI President Gary Redmond and Deputy President, Cónán Ó Broin gave speeches to the crowd from a stage. The students also demonstrated against a possible 10% cut to the student maintenance grant. “This government is on its last legs and when this general election is called, I can guarantee the policy makers and the decision makers that there will be 40,000 extra people on the vote of register,” said Gary Redmond. “We need to let our government know loud and clear that we will vote in the next election, so let’s tell them, I am a vote.” Speaking of graduate emigration,
PHOTO: www.usi.ie Above: Below Left: Below Right:
Student Protest scales new heights. A student climbs the Daniel O’ Connell monument in Dublin City as the march makes its way down O’ Connell Street last Wednesday. Protester sustains head injury following clash with the Gardaí. A distressed Gary Redmond talks to a member of An Garda Síochána.
Protest marred by violence turn to page 2
PHOTO: Blathnaid Hughes
Continued from front page Amy Walsh
Protest Descends into Chaos as Students Clash with Gardaí Michael Phoenix Break-away group stage protest outside Department of Finance. USI Condemn actions of a “minority” of students. Protesters accuse USI of being “out of touch” with the Student Body.
PHOTO: Donnacha O’ Súilleabháin he said, “Our graduates, who are recognised as being skilled and of top calibre right around the world, are literally graduating in their droves, stepping on planes and going to Australia, New Zealand, and Canada.” “Graduates not only create jobs for themselves, but they create jobs for all of society. By investing in education we are investing in economic recovery.” Chants, of “they say cutback, we say fight back” ended his speech. The registration fee was raised from €900 to €1500 in 2008, while last year, the grant was cut by 5% while students who received the Back to Education Allowance became ineligible for the grant. Furthermore, USI believes that due to economic hardship, the percentage of students eligible to receive the grant will rise sharply this year, offsetting any potential financial gain to the government to be made from a rise in the student service charge. “Due to the worsening economic climate this year, we’re going to see about one in every two students receiving a grant,” commented Redmond. “The problem arises that for every €1 the Government puts on to student services charges the state will only receive about 50 cent because the other 50 cent is offset by students receiving grants,” he added. The USI estimates that in the 14% rate of unemployed people in
Ireland, there are between 80,000 and 100,000 unemployed graduates. The Economic and Social Research Institute estimates that 150,000 people will emigrate by 2015. This is the equivalent to every graduate Ireland will produce between 2010 and 2015. “Not only is it an enormous personal loss for our graduates to have to leave their homes and their families to look for work, but it is an enormous loss to society and the state, as it is an enormous loss of human capital,” states the Education Not Emigration website. Anthony, a student from NCI who attended the march, told The College Tribune, “Right now I’m paying €6,000, so basically next year I’m going to be paying close to €9,000. That’s just too much for my mom, she’s a single mom, so basically I can’t afford that with the recession. I have to protest, I have no choice.” “We are marching today to stop the introduction of the doubling of the fees we already pay, which is a disgrace, because they are supposed to be registration fees, but really they are just back door normal fees. It’s unfair, because it just seems to be always getting the same middle class people who are trying to work, who have part time jobs. It’s unfair, it’s not possible. People have already said in my class, if it goes up to €3,000, that’s it, they are gone,” said Emma from TCD.
An estimated 2,000 people gathered outside the Department of Finance as protesters clashed with Gardaí forces, following a break away from the main USI march against fees last Wednesday. Three Gardaí officers were injured, with one admitted to hospital. A multitude of left-wing groups made up of student as well as independent activists were involved in the planning of the breakaway which descended into a violent riot . These included the Socialist Workers Student Society (SWSS); Free Education for Everyone (FEE); Students in Solidarity (SIS); the Socialist Party; Workers Solidarity Movement (WSM); 32 County Sovereignty Movement and éirigí. Cónal O Dúfaig, a UCD student and SIS activist, claimed motivation for the breakaway in the ‘failures’ of the USI’s action. “Seeing the pointlessness of walking around town for an hour or two and listening to aspiring politicians give speeches from a podium, we decided to go ahead with a breakaway demonstration.” The breakaway was preplanned, however, Lorcan Gray, Auditor of the SWSS claimed the Department of Finance was not the main target of the ‘Left Block.’ “We broke off onto Kildare Street to protest at the front entrance of the Dáil, with the off chance that the gates would be open. If that were the case, a sit down protest would have been attempted in the grounds of the Dáil.” Consequently the group moved to the Department of Finance and a sit in protest began as early as 2:15pm. Protesters chanted to the beat of a drum from their seats in the Departments doorway. A number of Gardaí stood within the door but did
not interfere with the protesters. A sizeable crowd of students, moving from Kildare Street in an attempt to reach the main group of USI marchers at the back of the Dáil found their path blocked by a Garda closure of Merrion Street
I was then thrown out onto the path to see my friend surrounded by guards, his head split open.”
Upper, and subsequently joined the protesters outside the Department of finance. A sudden surge from this reinforced crowd upon the doors of the Department of Finance forced the Gardaí into action. Whereas before 20 students occupied the Departments doorway, 100 were now pushing their way in. With the Gardaí’s efforts failing, reinforcements arrived to try and stem the tide of protesters, only resulting in a second stampede forward. As panic descended, Gardaí began employing a heavy handed approach that left one student, who asked not to be named, visibly shaken. “A Garda put his hand to my throat and then threw me to the ground.”
Eventually the sizable Garda presence forced the protesters from the Departments doors. With the amount of protesters and spectators now doubled, a sit in began spanning and spreading down the street directly in front of the Department of Finance. As chants of “SHAME ON YOU” echoed on the street, mounted Garda forces arrived to a barrage of missiles. Three vans of riot gear clad Gardaí then arrived at the scene and combined with the forces already present to surround the protesters who continued to hold their ground. Chants of “NO IF’S! NO BUTS! NO EDUCATION CUTS” spread as a standoff developed. The tension was broken and transformed into an atmosphere of fear and violence as mounted Gardaí forces followed by their accompanying riot squads pushed into the crowd of sitting protesters to chants of “SHAME ON YOU!” With protesters refusing to move, the encroaching Gardaí forces turned to a more direct violent action. Armed with battens, swipe after swipe was aimed at the sitting protesters. Mr Gray described the violence. “They used their fists, feet, knees and batons to disperse us. The man in front of me was immediately grabbed by his beard and hit across the head and body. All around me people were being attacked... I was met with a flurry of punches and grabbed by the hair; I was dazed as I was dragged along the floor... A guard... kneeled on my chest grabbed my lapels and said that he had always wanted to do this to me since he had first seen me [at a previous protest] he then punched me on the side of the head... I was then thrown out onto the path to see my friend surrounded by guards, his
PHOTO: FEE www.thecollegetribune.net
November 9th 2010
The College Tribune
PHOTO: Michael Phoenix
Top: Many passers-by, including some young school children, were caught up in the chaos. Centre: Head injuries were sustained by some protestors. Bottom: Gardai attempts to disperse the crowd having cleared protesters from outside the Department of Finance Building.
head split open.” The Gardaí force was met by cries of outrage amongst both protesters and spectators. UCDSU President Paul Lynam said that he would condemn any excessive force that may have been used and instructed students to contact the Garda Ombudsman if they had any problems. “I condemn any Gardai brutality; it wouldn’t matter if it was a student march or any other march.” A YouTube video entitled, ‘Police Brutality Student Protest Dublin’ reveals to an extent how things happened. Posted online last Wednesday evening, as of last Saturday morning it had received over 82,000 views. As the violence escalated, the Gardaí tried to force the protesters towards the more open St Stephens Green area. A temporary calm ensued, before trained Garda dogs arrived at the scene and a further Garda push was sprung. As mounted Gardaí strode into the crowd, the protesters began to move backwards as the riot reached its height. The protesters tune had by now changed, to “WHO’S COPS? COWEN’S COPS!” By this point, the protesters’ numbers had dwindled under the ferocity of the Garda effort. Fearing for the safety of those in attendance, some of the protest’s leaders began to look for an end to the riot. An SIS spokesperson stated, “At this point we realised that both ends of the street were being blocked off, so we started telling students to leave via the Stephen's Green end of the street before they were trapped.” Upon drawing level with St Stephens Green, the protest neared its conclusion. Following a single moment of quiet within the ordeal, in which several school children who had been caught up in the scramble were brought to safety, the Gardaí forged one final push fearing that the protest may now focus on the headquarters of Anglo Irish Bank close-by. The protesters fled for the safety of Grafton Street, throwing off their yellow USI t-shirts as they went. In the immediate aftermath of the Wednesday Riot, the USI issued a statement condemning the protest, with USI President Gary Redmond saying: “The organisation is deeply disappointed at the destructive behaviour of a minority of people at the Department of Finance, which occurred separately from the USI march. We do not condone destructive
behaviour and believe that peaceful protest and open discussion and debate is the way forward for the students of Ireland.” This reaction has prompted angry responses among many of those active within the Wednesday Riot, who feel it reveals how the USI are out of touch with Ireland’s student body. The Workers Solidarity Movement condemned it as “... ill-informed, short sighted and reactionary.” A spokesperson for the Socialist Workers Student Society explained, “What we find truly revolting is the reaction of the USI and its president Gary Redmond condemning it [the direct action]. The fact that he condones the use of excessive force and brutality against the students he's supposed to represent is irresponsible.... SWSS, along with many other groups and individual students are calling for his immediate resignation.” UCDSU President Paul Lynam was quick to dispel this “myth” being perpetuated by the Department of Finance protest groups claiming, “Gary Redmond has no issue with direct action.” He did however express his anger at the result of the Wednesday Riot. “These people come in with their ideology and try and take over our march, and take away our headlines and take away our message... the headlines now are about a riot or Garda brutality or rogue groups... Our message is totally taken away and ... we are not discussing education...” Whilst the USI may condemn what happened last Wednesday at the Department of Finance as a scar across their march, the Left Block has claimed the events as a victory for themselves and the students of Ireland. Furthermore, they have hinted that this may only be the first step on a long path, with Mr. Gray of the SWSS stating, “... the SWP and SWSS see it as a success... It displays not only the discontent of the students who supported us, but how worried the state and their police force are. For a peaceful protest to be brutalised like that was horrific, but it displays the growing radicalisation of students.” A number of complaints have been made by the public to the Garda Ombudsman Commission about the policing of the student demonstration outside of the Department of Finance.
Proposed Budget Cuts Could Force Hundreds of Disabled Students Out of University Ciaran Leinster Cuts in funding for students with disabilities would lead to a significant decrease in disabled people studying at University, according to Ger Gallagher, Disabled Rights Officer of the UCD Students’ Union. These cuts, which may be proposed in December’s Budget, would mean there would be less money available for campaigns such as the Buddy/Mentor Campaign, which seeks to include students with disabilities in campus life more; the Disability Rights Campaign; and also for more basic schemes, like assistance with note taking in lectures and sporting initiatives like the setting-up of regular wheelchair basketball in the Sports Centre. Cuts have already drastically affected students with disabilities, although the numbers of disabled students entering university has increased by 33% per annum recently, but this, along with a 45% cut in funding per student since 2007/08, has meant that there is less money to be shared among more students. Last year, the allocation per student was €2,382.23, a decrease of 38.5% on the figure from 2003/04. Gallagher says that this will exacerbate existing problems for disabled students in UCD, such as wheelchair accessibility, loose paving stones, a lack of tactile markings on steps for students with visual impairments, a lack of Braille in the lifts and the difficulty that disabled students have in integrating into university life. He recognises, however, that “there is a will, among both staff and students to overcome those problems”. The Budget, which is due to be announced at the beginning of December, is most likely to implement large cuts in many areas, with education, and specifically students with disabilities, expected to bear the brunt of the costs. Gallagher said that with adequate support, a student with a disability is at no disadvantage, yet when supports are taken away, there will be an evident decline in their studies.
Hundreds of Students take part in National ‘Go to College’ Day, opposing the USI March Facebook page set up by Trinity Student who opposed the USI Protest. Ciara Murphy Controversy and mixed feelings surrounded the lead up to the student protest last Wednesday as a Facebook group was created by Trinity student Max Sullivan, with the aim of the page being to encourage people to stay in college instead of attending the march. Both USI and UCDSU promoted the event throughout campus in the week leading up to the march, with the march itself having a successful turnout of over 40,000 people. The group ‘National Go to College Day’ was set up in opposition to the USI run ‘Education not Emigration’ movement. Sullivan stated that, “The aim of the page is to promote a level of discussion on the issue of fees for third level education with the depth and gravity which that debate demands, rather than just accepting the sound bytes advertised by the SU’s and the USI as necessarily true.” The page received interest from
students both for and against the introduction of 3rd level fees, and in the run up to the march, had become a discussion board of conflicting ideas. Deborah Greene, a 2nd year student told The College Tribune, “I don’t believe for one second that the person responsible for this page set it up for anything other than to cause a fuss.” On the subject of the controversy the group has caused, Sullivan told The College Tribune, “Unfortunately, the only explanation I can find for the controversy is that people do not always like being challenged on their view of things. People were quick to jump to conclusions about what those of us posting on the page were objecting to: we would all like free third level education, and we all want economic recovery. Some of us simply have a different opinion on how state resources should be allocated to best serve the needs of everyone.”
Students are divided in the opinion that in order to improve the economy every sector must receive cuts. A second year student, Karen O’ Mahoney, told The College Tribune that “it is immature to think that the students of Ireland should be the only members of Irish society not affected by December’s budget”. However, the argument has been presented to The College Tribune by many students that the higher registration fee the government are allegedly invoking are just fees under another name. Sullivan himself stated, “I believe, as many do, that the registration fee should be exactly what it says on the tin. However, if additional student contribution is needed to fund third level education, as it is, then a different fee scheme, potentially a graduate tax whereby the student repays the price of their education in the form of a higher tax rate
once they have graduated, become employed, and their income can afford it.” When speaking of students talking a rise in the Registration fee, a former member of the USI and supporter of the USI march told The College Tribune that “He [Sullivan] is somehow trying to feign concern for student welfare as if raising the student charge by €1,500 will somehow help the students that are struggling most.” With statements on the ‘National Go To College Day’ page such as “Do you hate rich people? Do you hate poor people?” many students have questioned the viability of the pages argument. The former USI member went on to state that Sullivan “is showing a great deal of naivety” and feels that he “has pandered to the reactionary opinions that were already held by certain people”. When asked about the statements
Poster used by the National “Go to College” Day campaign that appear on the ‘National Go To College Day’ page, Sullivan said, “It’s important to remember that there is a strong element of satire in the page’s genesis. Some of these points are not entirely serious, but they were useful in sparking an interesting discussion.”
With over 900 members of the group at the time The College Tribune went to print, many students feel that National Go To College Day “raised concerns that they felt were being ignored by an over-idealistic Students’ Union,” third year student Mark Brady informed The College Tribune. When asked what he would say to a student who accused the USI and UCDSU of having an idealist view, the former USI member stated, “People talk about idealism, but if it’s not the role of the Students Union to stand up against fees and lower grants, then what is?” When speaking on the effect that the page has had, Sullivan stated, “For the most part, I’ve received a lot of compliments on setting up the group and showing an effort to engage in a debate which many people feel needs to be had.”
Meanwhile, Back at the Ranch... As thousands of students headed into the City Centre on Wednesday afternoon to take part in the National Student Protest, our reporter Timothy Potenz stayed back on campus and spoke to some of the students who decided to give the march a skip.
Tríona Farrell: “I am far too busy to
Michael Shimoaka: “There are better ways of
go to a protest. I have essays, lectures,
doing this, a petition for instance. If we got
tutorials, I have a friend with a 40%
enough people to sign a petition and send it in
midterm exam today. It’s just the
to the government, that would be an effective
wrong time of year to ask students
way of getting our voice heard. Protests work
to give up a day of college. There is
occasionally but only when protests aren’t the
not much this march can do anyway.
norm. Eventually the government stops paying
National Go To College day doesn’t
protests a lot of attention. They get desensitised
sound very effective, fair enough
to them, especially in this recession when there
if you want to stay in college, but
are a lot of protests. The government is going
there’s no way that is going to make
to do whatever they think is best. I’m not sure
if they are going to take into consideration the views of the people affected.
Its their own
views that count.”
Oisín Sheehy: “Well I’m kind of busy as it is. But I’m
Jackie Murphy: “This march sounds like a good idea
not sure the march is a good thing. As far as I know,
in theory, but I don’t think it’s going to achieve
Ireland is the only country in Europe with fees as
anything. The government will make their decision
cheap as they are. The government may need to raise
anyway. Also, there’s something ironic about people
them. We just don’t have a lot of funds at the moment
leaving their education now in order to protest. I
and we really need them. If the rest of Europe can do
mean, we don’t even know what the fees are going
it, I don’t know why we shouldn’t be able to. However,
to be yet. I’ve heard of National Go To College
I don’t think they should raise fees for people who are
Day, it was actually a friend of mine who set it
already in college. I came to college thinking that it
up. He’s a well informed guy and it’s a good idea.
was going to cost me a certain amount, so I made a
However, I don’t think people just sitting around
plan based on that. To change it now isn’t fair on the
doing what they do everyday anyway is going to
people who have made their plans already. But for
make that big a difference either, and neither will
future people maybe it’s just necessary to have fees, so
people going out on the street and shouting. We
long as they know this in advance.”
have to figure out a better way of doing this.”
November 9th 2010
The College Tribune
UCDSU Defends Spending €20,000 on USI Campaign Donie O’ Sullivan Union criticised for charging students €3 for protest t-shirt and bus into city centre. UCC Students Union provided free return buses from Cork City.
UCDSU similarly purchased the
campaigning. The march is only
t-shirts from the USI for €2 each,
one step of the process, USI were
but the extra €1 charge was used
very impressed with what we did
to help pay for the cost of the bus
transport provided by the UCDSU
“I want to make one thing clear,
on the day. In total, 67 buses (at a
UCDSU are spending more money,
cost of €164 per bus) transported
more time and putting more effort
almost 4,000 students into the city
into this campaign that any
centre costing almost €9,000.
The UCDSU also spent almost
I couldn't have asked for anything more from my sabbatical team or the officers.
€3,000 on printing promotion
UCDSU spending more than any other SU in Ireland on the Education not Emigration campaign.
posters and fliers for the event, and took out large adverts in both of the
Almost 5,000 UCD students took
“It’s ridiculous, the UCDSU are
coaches provided by their Union.
t-shirt and a packed lunch for the
part in the USI Protest March
spending €20,000 on the campaign,
day. Peter Mannion, President of
last Wednesday, however students
but still charge students €3 for
of the University of Limerick,
the NUIGSU said; “We got almost
Tribune why, despite UCDSU
We treated this like a sabbatical
are questioning why the UCD
a t-shirt and a bus from Belfield
who had about 500 protesters
1,000 students to the capital for the
spending €20,000 on the USI
election – it deserved nothing less.”
Student's Union charged students
– it doesn't make sense that the
in attendance, charged students
march and we were delighted with
UCD Students had
In continuing UCDSU's €20,000
€3 for a protest t-shirt and bus into
Student's Union were effectively
€2 – which included a return bus
that, the campaign cost us €10,000
to pay €3 for a t-shirt and bus
campaign, Lynam said he has
the city centre, when the Union are
charging us to take part in a protest
to Dublin, a protest t-shirt and a
but about €800 of that was spent
into the city centre, a journey of
spoken to the USI about sending
spending €20,000 on the campaign
that was supposed to show the
packed lunch. Finn McDuffie, the
setting up the tell-your-TD website,
a delegation of students to the
country how broke we are”, a final
which we set up in conjunction
ULSU charged their students €2 for
Donegal-South West by-election
According to Paul Lynam, UCDSU
year student remarked.
said, “ULSU budgeted over €6,000
a return bus to Dublin and UCCSU
which will be held on 25th
President,“well over 3,000 students”
Speaking about UCC costs in the
for return buses from UL to
DCU, who are a similar distance
did not charge their students at all,
November to “push the candidate
paid the UCDSU €3 for a USI
USI organised event, Keith O'Brien,
Dublin, our SU Shop, which is run
from the city centre to UCD –
even though Paul Lynam (pictured)
to be clear on where they stand on
yellow protest t-shirts and a bus into
UCCSU President said,“The whole
under a separate services company,
charged students €2 for a bus into
was quick to defend the work
Parnell Square on the morning of
thing probably cost us in the region
the city centre and a t-shirt.
“This TD who is elected, their first
the march. This is in comparison
of €9,000, we had a very pro-
According to UCDSU President,
“€ 20,000 isn't just to do with the
major vote in the Dáil will be on
to UCC who provided free t-shirts
active campaign and focused a lot
Paul Lynam, charging students €3
march, it’s an ongoing campaign.
the budget – and we need to ensure
and free return buses from Cork for
of it online.” Almost 1,000 UCC
charged their students €4, this also
for a bus into the city centre and
We have money left over and
that they make the right decision
students travelled on the twenty free
included a return bus, a protest
a protest t-shirt generated €9,000.
will continue to spend it on
by The College
Seven Day Library Likely to be Reintroduced in Semester Two
Belfield FM Makes Big Step
Matthew Costello SU Proposal likely to be put in place by the University. UCD & Trinity currently the only two Universities in the Top 100 not to have a Library open on Sundays. Since
Placement Scheme run by FÁS, and
campaigning to increase library
budget has been slashed by €2
employing students part-time as is
Belfield FM has successfully applied
opening hours, including expanding
million and with the cost of Sunday
common practice throughout the
to broadcast on FM frequencies
services to Sundays. Currently the
opening estimated at near €150,000
UK and Ireland. Increases in ‘Super
in South Dublin for a limited
James Joyce Library is open six days
for the academic year, it was unclear
Fines’ for late returns during exam
a week, 8:30am to 11:00pm on
how the scheme would be funded.
time are also under consideration as
station, which usually is solely
weekdays and 9am to 5:30pm on
“To keep the library open seven
a means of raising revenue.
available on the internet, will be
Saturdays, 16 hours a week fewer
days, something else will be cut,”
Of the top 100 universities in the
available to listeners for 30 days
than two years ago, but proposals
Paul Lynam, UCDSU President
world, only UCD and Trinity do
due to a successful application for
put to the Student Council on
told the Student Council, although
not have libraries that open on a
so we might as well not open it?”
agreed it was a good idea and we
a Temporary Broadcasting License.
November 2nd would see a marked
it was later confirmed that the funds
Sunday. Figures released by the SU
Williamson cites students living in
would wait for the outcome of the
Ciara Murphy, Belfield FM’s station
increase, especially at the weekends.
would come from the Library’s
show that nearly 30,000 students
on campus residences as the main
meeting to determine the possible
manager, has said that this will be
“Any survey asking students what
budget. Exactly where the cuts will
visited the library when it was open
beneficiaries of such a scheme as he
Due to the national
a great chance to showcase their
their number one priority is, it’s
be made to finance the initiative has
on Sundays, but this would account
believes it can be hard to work in
demonstration, all of our time has
ability. Ms Murphy further outlined
not been made clear, but the SU
for less than 4% of the 771,485
that environment, but the benefits
been taken up and we agreed to
hopes that when Belfield FM
said James Williamson, UCDSU
clearly feels it possible.
visits made in 2007/8 and seems to
would be available to every student
hold this meeting as soon after the
returns to only broadcasting online,
In documents given to members
support the view that the culture of
march as is possible.”
that the station will have broadened
summer, while there was building
of the Council, it outlines some
going home at the weekend would
distance of UCD.
The library is currently offering
work in the James Joyce Library,
examples of similar sized universities
render extended opening times
The Education Officer is confident
extended opening hours, including
This progress of Belfield FM is just
the Health Sciences library had
in the UK which show UCD’s
unnecessary for many students.
of progress on the issue after
a Sunday service, in the run up to
one of many that have happened
extended opening hours.
library having the largest budget per
Williamson, however, is adamant
exams and the SU hopes to have
throughout the years. Four years
When the work over-ran and the
opening hour of any of the other
that the scheme is worthwhile for
members of the university hierarchy.
these proposals implemented in
ago the station went full time, in
Health Science library returned to
samples, nearly three times that
the university as a whole.
“I recently met the Registrar for
time for semester two.
2008/2009 they had a number of
normal, we had a lot of postgraduates
of the University of Hull despite
“We have a four year strategic
an update and I have been invited
This will be welcome news to every
FM dates, and they say that in the
come to us saying Sunday opening
having 16.5 fewer hours a week and
plan for the college, part of which
to a meeting where we can work
student who relies on the library
last 20 years their growth has been
was a necessity”.
not being open on Sundays.
is making UCD into a seven day
out a number of possible situations.
and James Williamson believes there
The problems over the summer
Some of the efficiency savings
University, but it’s like the chicken
The entire sabbatical team met
should be “some very good news on
Ms. Murphy believes that working
have spurred the SU into action on
and the egg: Do we open the
the President, Registrar, Bursar
the seven day library in the next two
an issue that formed a key part of
library and encourage students
and Vice-President for Students
to three weeks”.
beneficial for students as they can
last year’s SU election campaigns.
free of charge as part of the Work
to stay or say there’s no one here
and shortly after this meeting, all
The UCD Students’ Union is
The student radio
gain communication skills, and people and research skills that will be no harm to people after college.
400% Increase in Students Seeking Financial Assistance from UCDSU
Belfield FM has proven to be a springboard to success with RTÉ radio and television presenter Ryan Tubridy being the main example. Ms. Murphy was quick to point out that the station, situated in
the tunnel between the Newman Building (Arts Block) and the James
Indication of the financial hardship many UCD Students are experiencing
Joyce Library, would not be on the
Recent figures show it costs €44,000 to complete a standard degree.
air without the voluntary help of the students involved. “Without the
UCD Students’ Union has recorded
in this funding.
the three funds have enabled many
volunteers we would get nowhere.
a 400% increase in students seeking
In UCD there are three distinct
students to remain in college who
I am sure I wouldn’t be the only
assistance who are experiencing
schemes for assisting UCD students;
otherwise would have had to drop
manager to say that Belfield FM
the Student Welfare Fund, Student
out due to financial difficulties.
Paul Lynam, UCD Students’ Union
Assistance Fund and Childcare
Ahearn also pointed out that any
The Welfare fund is
cut to the welfare fund, particularly
The number of students seeking assistance from the Students’ Union is unprecedented & getting worse with each day.
available to students who have
at a time when more and more
suffered from unforeseen loss of
people are seeking assistance, would
finances such as the loss of a part
be “horrific for the support services
time job, or a sudden loss in family
of the college.”
income such as a parent being made
The UCDSU Welfare Officer also
redundant. The Student Assistance
added that if the welfare fund was
level of assistance which the grant
There are now fears that the
fund is means-tested and is intended
to be cut, something would have to
According to recent figures released
can provide a student living away
99.5FM, 12pm-10pm daily,
to support students who suffer as a
be done. and he would work with
by the Bank of Ireland, it costs
from home over four years, leaving
while anyone with an interest
assistance to the Welfare Assistance
result of ongoing low income.
next year’s Welfare Officer to try
€44,000 for a student to complete
the student facing a shortfall
in getting involved can contact
Fund that each university receives.
and put together a serious strategic
a standard degree course. However
of €20,000 over the duration
the station at:
At present, UCD receives €500,000
UCDSU Welfare Officer (pictured),
plan in place to find other sources
€24,000 is the absolute maximum
of their course.
dedication of the volunteers that come to us every year,” added Ms. Murphy.
To listen live to Belfield FM go to www.belfieldfm.ie or
November 9th 2010
The College Tribune
Grow a Mo, Bro! Donie O’ Sullivan UCD students and staff are being encouraged to grow a moustache this November in aid of Action Prostate Cancer, an initiative of the Irish Cancer Society. Movember is an annual month long charity event where men grow a moustache throughout the month of November. Jonny Cosgrove, UCD Student's Union Ents Officer, is organising the UCD Movember campaign. “It’s going to be a lot of fun, it’s really easy for people to join up as all you have to do is get people to sponsor you for growing a moustache,” Cosgrove told The College Tribune. “I know we are going into the second week of November, but it still isn't too late to sign up, we are going to be passing buckets around the student bar every Monday and Thursday night so people can donate money to the charity and we will be organising some fun events
throughout the month as well.” “A lot of people say to me that they can't pull off a moustache, but it doesn't matter as people will know it’s for a good cause. I myself am starting to look like a big bad biker at the minute,” added Cosgrove. Movember officially began in 2004 in Australia and New Zealand, but now has campaigns in Ireland, the UK, Spain, America and Canada. Movember is celebrating its third year in Ireland, J.C Benton, the movement's co-founder said, “Its Movember’s third time lucky in Ireland for 2010. Movember is the world’s largest fundraising campaign for prostate cancer and our mission is still to change the face of men’s health and decrease the cases of prostate cancer in Ireland and all over the world.” Prostate Cancer is the most common male cancer among Irish men. In Ireland men have a one in nine chance of developing prostate cancer during the course of their lifetime.The most recent data shows
that there were 2,579 new cases of prostate cancer diagnosed in Ireland in 2008. Last year, over 250,000 people across the world participated in Movember, raising over €30 million for Movember's global beneficiary partners. John McCormack, CEO of the Irish Cancer Society said, “The Irish Cancer Society greatly appreciates the ongoing support of Movember
campaign in Ireland. It is wonderful to see such a large, enthusiastic and ever increasing following. Movember partnership allows us drive awareness around prostate and other cancers to even more men across the country.” Over 7,000 participants in Ireland alone raised over one million euro for the Irish Cancer Society in 2009. When asked by The College Tribune if female students in UCD could take part in Movember, Jonny Cosgrove responded “We are in no way sexist, everyone is allowed to join in, if some of the girls can't
grow a moustache they are more than welcome to help us fundraise regardless”.
Anyone interested in getting involved in the Movember campaign in UCD should contact Jonny Cosgrove at firstname.lastname@example.org. Further information is also available at www.movember.com
Consensus Remains Behind Free Fees Ciaran Breslin The build up to last Wednesday’s march continued apace as the UCD Students’ Union announced the results of a Red C Poll about the perceived impact of a potential increase in third level fees. The
commissioned by the SU, found that 77% of adults questioned believed that the state should continue to provide free tuition to third level students.The importance of the issue among students was highlighted by the figure rising to 90% of those surveyed who were between the ages of 18 and 24. On the subject of the results, UCD SU President Paul Lynam said, “These figures highlight the massive impact that third level fees
Colleges to be Fined if they Fail to Tackle Drop-Out Rate Olivia Reidy Colleges to face fines if they do not tackle the Student drop-out rate. Nearly one-in-six drop out of University before second year.
A new report, ‘A Study of Progression in Irish Higher Education’, recently published by the HEA, has revealed that nearly one in three students in college in the Dublin area are dropping out before they even reach second year. At the Institute of Technology in Tallaght, almost half of the students that enquire into services courses such as hospitality, tourism, sport and leisure drop out before starting second year. IT Tallaght is one in eleven institutes that has seen a massive drop out rate in the current climate. It is estimated that less than four in five entrants made it past first year, while computer science programmes across six institutes
saw at least one third of first year students discontinuing in their education. The Higher Education Authority (HEA) released figures recently that shows 22 % of those who have begun studying at Institutes of Technology in 2007 failed to make it to second year.This is significantly higher than the 9% recorded dropout rate among University students, with the lowest drop-out rate of 8% at Trinity College Dublin. Between 3% and 5% of students failed to go further than first year at all teacher training colleges. The Higher Education Authority (HEA) study also highlights that near to one in six University dropouts
before second year are those with a lower standard in the Leaving Cert. Another strong influential factor to students dropping out of colleges is their social background, so that students from poorer families, who are already disadvantaged, are more likely to cut off their education. The study also showed that men are more likely to drop out of college compared to women. The Chief Executive of the Higher Education Authority, Tom Boland, emphasized that while the Universities appear to be seeing more students complete their courses, the majority of Institutes of Technology are coping well with the number of students that they
cater for. “Many of them have a lot more males and people from workingclass backgrounds, and also tend to admit students with lower Leaving Certificate points, so, in some cases, they may be doing better to keep them, even if the numbers are smaller,” he said. Royal Irish Academy president Nicholas Canny said that it was vital that students’ interest be ignited and sustained by exposure to the best teachers and researchers in technology, science and engineering during the first year of college. Dr Vincent Tinto from Syracuse University in New York told a conference in Dublin that students will be more likely to succeed in surroundings that strongly want them to succeed and where the method of continuous assessment is in place. He also highlighted the steps that have been adopted by US colleges which incorporates a strong academic, social and financial support systems. “They do so in a variety of ways from summer bridge programmes that help students make the transition to the first year of university, freshman seminars and academic support programmes, to mentoring, counselling and advising services.” The majority of US colleges have adopted an early-warning system to identify poor academic performance and correct the problem before it gets to a more complicated stage. All third level colleges will now be susceptible to financial penalties if they fail to successfully tackle high drop-out rates in the future. Under the new funding plan, colleges will be receiving a significantly
reduced core grant from the Exchequer. The colleges will then have financial incentives available to them to reach the target number of students in areas such as the rate of course completion, the retention of students, teaching and research standards and increasing access to the college in question. If they do not succeed to meet these targets for each criteria they will then be forced to face financial fines. The Tánaiste, Mary Coughlan, along with the Higher Education Authority, is expected to make an announcement in the close future after the anticipated Hunt Report on higher education reforms goes to the Cabinet next month. Sources have put pressure on the fact that colleges would have to maintain quality and that it was not a case of letting unsuitable students pass into second year just to meet the target. The most recent study by the Higher Education Authority clearly demonstrates that many students on low points and poor maths fail to progress into second year. The Irish Business Employers Confederation (IBEC) has expressed concern at the new report. Colleges are suffering a great amount due to these increasing drop-out rates while the report shows that 27% of third level students drop out from computer science programmes, and 20% leave engineering after only their first year. This is all the more glaring in comparison with the 2% drop-out rate in medicine degree programmes and 3% in law. The number of drop-out students is expected to soar if the government doubles the registration fees for the next academic year.
will have on people.” Lynam also emphasised the pivotal role in the regeneration of the economy to be played by the third level sector and criticized governmental
claiming that “the poll also found that third level education is second only to job creation for Irish economic recovery. It defies belief that the current government could be so short sighted that they would cripple a sector that is critical to the country’s economic recovery.” Lynam
education systems as evidence of the hardship endured by Irish students, commenting: “Even without the introduction of the proposed fees, Ireland already boasts the second highest tuition fees in Europe, coming in just behind the UK.”He remained particularly critical of the government, regarding students as victims of the government’s own shortcomings, and insisting that raising fees was not a viable long term solution. “Now is the time when we need to be supporting and fostering a spirit of innovation and education, not introducing measures that will suffocate the sector entirely.” Lynam further rejected the idea that an increase in fees would realistically service the crippling national debt, which currently stands at €22,000 per person, insisting “the introduction of third level fees will only drive this figure even higher.”
How it all Unfolded Michael Phoenix 11.30
Coaches depart UCD for City Centre.
March begins at Parnell Square. An estimated 25,000 students present.
Crowd gathers at Merrion Square.
An estimated 20 protesters in a sit -in protest in the doorway of the Department of Finance.
Gardaí stand inside, not interfering.
USI organised speeches begin.
Rallying cry sent out calling student marchers to the doors of the Department, many oblige.
Huge push on the doors of the Department seemingly out of nowhere.
Up to 100 protesters push into the building.
More Gardaí arrive to try and stem the flow, only resulting in a second push from the protesters.
Rush on the doors of the Department of Finance stalled. A relative calm dawns.
Garda presence remains on edge.
Sit in spreading across the street in front of the doors of the Dept. Of Finance develops.
Mounted officers – 4 in total – appear from the direction of Merrion Street Upper.
Cries of “SHAME ON YOU”
Garda armoured vehicles arrive.
USI organised march draws to a close.
Riot police exit their vans. Riot shields and battens at the ready. Students not moving.
Chants of: “NO IF’S! NO BUTS! NO EDUCATION CUTS!”
Mounted Gardaí move forward towards the sitting protesters – backed by two lines of Gardaí in riot gear.
Students refuse to move. Missiles thrown with more chants of “SHAME ON YOU.”
Riot police move into the sitting crowd and begin to hit the unmoving protesters with their batons.
Protesters cry in outrage at signs of violence from riot squads.
The violence escalates. A riot has broken out.
Riot police try to force protesters to their feet and down Merrion Row North. Some protestors
forced down Merrion Court, bystanders are also there, stuck, as riot police block the entry.
Trained Garda dogs have appeared. Standstill.
Fresh charge from the Gardaí coupled with resistance from protesters resulting in
use of violence via the batten. Chants of: “WHO’S COPS? COWEN’S COPS!”
Protesters, whose numbers are by now substantially depleted, forced by the combined Garda
forces all the way down Merrion Row North.
A brief still falls as three school children are caught up in the midst of the fracas.
Huge push forward from the combined Gardaí forces. The remaining protesters flee
in fear towards Grafton Street.
With the Anglo-Irish Bank to the side of the protester’s, one final push by the Gardaí effectively
ends any resistance.
Mounted Gardaí chase remaining protesters down a packed Grafton Street.
They are followed by a Garda van. The protester is arrested as Dublin’s shoppers look on.
All quiet on the western front.
The Day We A Garda attempts to control the crowd who had gathered at Merrion Row PHOTO: Gary Fox
Some students decided to start the post-protest party a little early PHOTO: Ciarán Breslin
Members of the UL Students Union mourn the death of Irish Education. PHOTO: Donnacha O’ Súilleabháin
Students refuse to move from the front of the Department of Finance building, and stage a sit-down protest in the niddle of the road. PHOTO: Gary Fox www.thecollegetribune.net
The College Tribune
November 9th 2010
Signs of Our Time
Gardaí on horseback accompanied by the Garda Riot Squad disperse protesters at Stephen’s Green. PHOTO: FEE
Students clash with Gardaí at the entrance of the Department of Finance building PHOTO: Gary Fox
UCD Students in Merrion Square PHOTO: Rebecca O’ Keeffe www.thecollegetribune.net
Gaeilge Ábhar Dochtúra: Is Baoilaí Dúinn Alcól ná Hearóin Eoghan Ó Murchadha
ar ghasúir, an costas a bhí ar dhul
raibh cannabas níos baolaí ná an
le húdair an taighde seo. Argóint gan
i ngleic le hiarmhairtí an druga
tobac is alcól toisc gur lú dochair a
bhonn í a bhí le cloisteáil ar Raidió
Maíonn taighde a rinneadh le
o thaobh an chórais sláinte, rátaí
d’éirigh as a úsáid.
RTÉ arís, nuair a dúirt fear beáir an
deireanas gur alcól an druga is
táirgeachta ísle is an éifeacht a bhí
Luaitear go minic an costas mór atá
tseachtain seo ‘nach dtarlaíonn ragús
baolaí nuair a chuirtear san áireamh
ag an druga ar an tsochaí trí chéile.
ag alcól ar gheilleagar na hÉireann,
óil sna tithe tábhairne’
an dochar a dhéantar don té atá ag
eadhon, gur €3.7 billiún atá i gceist,
Dúirt Garth, leis, go mbaineann an
ól is do dhaoine eile. Cuireadh i
ciorróis is strócanna, bás de bharr an
ach ní seo iomlán na fírinne. Cé
chuid is mó de dhaoine taitneamh
gcomparáid é le grúpa de 20 druga
druga go díreach (le ródháileog), is
mhéad a thuilltear de bharr alcóil?
as alcól i ‘mbealach freagrach’ An
idir dhleathach is neamhdhleathach.
go neamhdhíreach(timpistí bóthair,
Dá mbeadh cosc air oíche amárach
gcreideann sí féin sin? Déarfadh
Is measa an braon biotáille ná
féinmharú, is SEIF) chomh maith
is ar éigean a tharlódh rud ar bith
fear na céille nach gcreideann is gur
le drochthionchar ar chaidrimh
sa tír. Tuigeann an té nach eacnamaí
bréag aici é, is fiú dá gcreidfeadh,
Foilsíodh tuairisc ar an taighde
is ar shláinte mheabhrach ar na
é go bhfuil an t-alcól lárnach i
déarfadh an fear céanna go bhfuil
seo san iris mheasúil leighis an
ngeilleagar oíche na tíre seo.
dul amú chomh millteanach uirthi
Lancet. Eolaithe de chuid Coiste
úsáideoir. Bhí baint mhór ag an
Dar leis an Lancet b’fhiú díriú
nár choir dúinn aon áiteamh de
Neamhspleách na Breataine Um
gcostas geilleagrach, leis, ar rangú
isteach go fíochmhar ar an dochar
chuid a Cónaidhme a chreidiúint
Dhrugaí agus sainchomhairleoir de
alcóil, hearóine, tobac, is cannabais.
a chúisíonn alcól. Dúirt Rosemary
chuid an Lárionaid Monatóireachta
Garth, stiúrthóir Chónaidhm Lucht
Is cosúil gur gá a rá mar sin go
Eorpach um Dhrugaí agus Andúil i
maith an líon ábhalmhór daoine a
Deochanna Alcóil na hÉireann leis an
bhfuil fadhb uafásach sa Bhreatain.
nDrugaí a chur i dtoll a chéile é.
ghlacann an druga seo go rialta .i.
Irish Times go raibh sé ‘dainséarach
Ar an drochuair ní faill na hÉireann
De réir an taighde, tá trí oiread
táirge dleathach rialaithe ar nós
an ceann seo agus is amhlaidh
níos mó dochair ag baint le halcól
alcóil a chur i gcomparáid le
againne í. Mar is eol dúinn áfach,
ná le cócaon nó tobac, is tá sé ocht
drugaí mídhleachtacha.’ Is léir go
ní dhéanfar aon iarracht cheart dul
n-oiread níos measa ná eacstais. I
rialtais sa Bhreatain, agus síciatraí,
ndeachaigh tuiscint na hargóinte
i gleic leis an bhfadhb thall nó abhus
measc na gcritéar a úsáideadh bhí;
a briseadh óna ról, toisc nár thaitin
amú uirthi, sé sin dá gcoiscfí drugaí
agus is measaide dúinn sin. Tá sibh
éifeacht an druga ar choiriúlacht,
a chuid eolaíochta leo. Bhí sé den
ar bhonn dochair ba luaithe a
ar aon eolas!
ar chliseadh teaghlaigh is neamart
tuairim nár chóir go ndéarfaí go
choiscfí alcól ná aon cheann eile dar
Cnagchócaon – an cineál cócaoin a chaitear. Eacstais – an druga ‘E’ Ciorróis – galar san ae Stróc – fabht a bhaineann den inchinn is den cholainn Ródháileog – an iomarca de dhruga a ghlacadh
Duinnín na bhFocal Eoin Ó Cróinín
amháin in Éirinn ag tús an 20ú haois
an Duinníneach, agus de réir roinnt
chun Gaeilge a fhoghlaim (Simple
a bhí ag teacht i dtír go hiomlán ar
cuntas bhí cuimhne fhótagrafach
Lessons in Irish: Ó Gramhnaigh), ní
Táthar ag cur foclóir nua Béarla-
aige. Anuas air sin, is cosúil go
raibh foclóir nua-aimseartha ar bith
mbíodh flosc chun oibre ann.
ann a bheadh ina chrann taca don
Gaeilge i dtoll a chéile faoi láthair, agus thar am dóibh é sin a dhéanamh.
I réamhrá a chéad fhoclóra, a
Na déanaimid dearmad ar an
Rugadh an Duinníneach sa bhliain
foilsíodh sa bhliain 1904, mhaígh sé
Mar sin, thug Foclóir Uí Dhuinnín
bhfear corr a leag síos caighdeán na
1860 i Sliabh Luachra i gContae
gur óna thaithí féin de chomhráite
faoiseamh agus misneach do lucht
foclóireachta Gaeilge agus a réitigh
Chiarraí. B’eisean an cúigiú páiste sa
le linn a óige a tharraing sé bunáite
na Gaeilge, idir fhoghlaimeoirí agus
an bealach do na foclóirí ar fad a
mhuirín. De réir mar a bhí sé ag fás
na bhfocal agus na nathanna san
mhúinteoirí araon, de shiocair go
tháinig ina dhiaidh. Fear é a raibh
aníos bhí an Béarla ag glacadh áit na
fhoclóir úd. Is dea-theist é seo ar
bhféadfaidís bheith cinnte feasta de
mórán buanna aige, agus deir daoine
Gaeilge mar bhéal beo ina cheantar
fheabhas a chuimhne. Cinntíodh dá
mhorc mór gnéithe den teanga a
áirithe gurb é cuimhne fhótagrafach
dúchais. Béarla a labhraíodh sa
bharr gurbh fhoclóir é ina mbeadh
raibh doiléire ag baint leo go nuige
faoi deara dó bheith ina fhoclóirí os
bhaile óir cheap a thuistí gur
saibhreas agus órchiste na teanga
sin. Ní hamháin sin, ach léirigh
thabhachtaí an Béarla le dul chun
labhartha. Diansaothraí a bhí ann
an Duinníneach go raibh beocht
cinn a dhéanamh sa saol. Ach nuair a
– d’éirigh leis foclóir agus mórán
agus fuinneamh fós sa teanga trí
thagadh comharsana agus cairde ag
eile a thabhairt chun críche i dtrí
shainmhínithe bríomhaire beoga a
Ghaeilge ach i dtreo dheireadh an
bóthántaíocht nó ag airneán chuig
bliana.(Um 1901 d’fhoilsigh sé
thabhairt ar an iliomad focal agus
19ú haois nuair a bhí sé daichead
muintir Uí Dhuinnín, d’iompair
Cormac ó Conaill - “céad úrscéal
eiseamláirí iomadúla a sholáthar
bliain d’aois. Sa bhliain 1900 thug sé
cách ar an nGaeilge an athuair, rud
na nualitríochta”, chuir sé eagar ar
i gcora cainte, nathanna agus
cúl a chinn d’ord na n-Íosagánach
a lig dó snas a chur ar a chora cainte
Amhráin Rua Uí Shuilleabháin,
i ndiaidh ceithre bliana a chur
agus ar a stór focal.
agus foilseacháin eile nach iad).
isteach leo. Dá dheasca sin bhí sé in
Sa bhliain 1901 cuireadh post faoi
inmhe díriú ar shaothrú na Gaeilge.
chúram an Duinnínigh - ullmhú
Gá le Foclóir san Athbheochan
Ar an drochuair, loiteadh cló an
Ba í an Ghaeilge faoi deara don
foclóra nua Gaeilge-Béarla. Leoga,
Um an dtaca sin bhí géarghá
chéad fhoclóra le linn Éirí Amach
Duinníneach a bheo a chlaochlú
na Cásca 1916. Níor chuir an
agus páirt a ghlacadh i múnlú staid
Duinnínigh ar na nithe ba shuntasaí
freastal ar na foghlaimeoirí nua. Bhí
matalang seo an Duinníneach as
na Gaeilge ag tús an 20ú haois.
dár chuir sé i gcrích d’fhorás na
éiginnteacht ann i measc an phobail
riocht, ámh, agus sa bhliain 1917
Ní raibh baint aige le Conradh na
teanga. Bhí triúr eagarthóirí eile
Ghaeilge i dtaca le leaganacha focal
thosaigh sé ar fhoclóir eile a ullmhú
Gaeilge nó le hAthbheochan na
d’éis an tasc tromchúiseach seo
agus litriúchán. Leoga, bhíodh alt
as an nua! Foilsíodh an foclóir seo sa
Gaeilge go dtí casadh na haoise.
a thabhairt suas i ngeall ar dhua
sa “Chlaidheamh Soluis” darbh
bhliain 1927, eagrán a bhí ní ba mhó
Ach feasta ba dhuine lárnach é i
agus dhéine na hoibre – Eoin Mac
ainm “Comhairle” ina bhfreagraítí
ná an chéad fhoclóir agus botúin an
ngluiseacht na Gaeilge agus chaith
Néill, an tAth. Peadar ó Laoghaire,
ceisteanna faoi na fadhbanna a bhí
chéad eagráin leasaithe ann, mar aon
sé a dhúthracht leis an nGaeilge don
agus Daithí Coimín. Ach bhí an
ag dó na geirbe ag Gaeilgeoirí.
le borradh agus biseach ar an ábhar.
chuid eile dá shaol. Go deimhin,
Duinníneach sásta tabhairt faoi. Bhí
Ar an iomlán, in ainneoin nach
deirtí faoi gurb é an t-aon duine
cuimhne agus stór focal as cuimse ag
éifeachtúla ann do na foghlaimeoirí
raibh an Duinníneach ag glacadh
Díograis an Duinnínigh
An Duinníneach (Le John Butler Yeats) páirte in athbheochan na Gaeilge ach ar feadh dreas dá shaol, d’éirigh leis obair éachtach a dhéanamh sa tréimhse sin. Ní mór cuimhneamh
Matalang – timpiste Morc – rogha
gur thóg sé beagnach 30 bliain ar 20 duine ar fhoireann fhoclóra Néill Uí Dhomhnaill an foclóir is nuaaimsearthaí Gaeilge–Béarla a chur le chéile. Níor chaith an Duinníneach ach 10 mbliana i mbun a fhoclóra mhóir le triúr i gcabhair air.
November 9th 2010
The College Tribune
Remembering that it’s Good to Talk Approaching a time of year when people start to think of loved ones that we have lost, UCD PleaseTalk Committee Chair, Jack Carter, talks of the services available to students The old adage that the two things that are certain in life are death and taxes still remains. Recently there has been plenty of talk about the latter and it is even possible that the subject of taxes is more morbid than death. Regardless I am going to talk about death. It is something not talked about enough. The aforementioned adage is slightly flawed, people have successfully cheated taxes, in Ireland we are particularly adept at this, but no one, outside a biblical context, has cheated death. Yet this obvious and inescapable subject receives little conversational attention. The writing of this article is not influenced by some morbid mental state, but rather influenced by the time of year. Tuesday 2 November was Remembrance Day, A day of remembering the dead for many Christians. However this is now a
tradition of remembering the dead that attracts attention from people regardless of religious affiliation. It also serves to add a serious note to the Halloween festivities. People choose to remember the dead in different ways, and at different times in the year, but November 2nd provides an opportunity for a shared remembrance. PleaseTalk, the now island-wide student mental health campaign, had two events to mark the occasion in Belfield. In the afternoon there was a ceremony in the UCD Remembrance Garden where people lay down painted stones to represent dead loved ones and a remembrance candle was lit. Then at five in the evening, there was a candle-lit vigil on the concourse. The rain and wind forced the vigil to take place in the shelter provided by the library building,
but despite the Arctic conditions, there was a large turnout of about two hundred people. The location and conditions actually served to enhance the event, as it was quite dark and people were forced by the temperature to huddle together. There was a beautiful minute-long shared moment of silence and light. These PleaseTalk events were about far more than pretty stones and attractive candle light. It was about a shared feeling. The detractors of UCD complain about its lack of community on campus. At 5 o’clock on November 2nd, there was a community. This shared feeling and community may have only lasted as a tangible entity for a minute but it has a meaning that extends far beyond that. Bereavement is something experienced by all of us and this allows all of us as humans to join together. Although
bereavement is something so commonly experienced, its relevance to all of us is not largely acknowledged. So what can we do to deal with this issue? November 2nd was a start but we need more. For those who experience bereavement there is some advice. I discussed the issue of bereavement with Father Leon Ó Giolláin, chaplain at UCD. His advice to
those who experience bereavement is to ‘rest with what is’. This rather philosophical idea is that people can accept the way things are and this will help them get through the difficult time of bereavement. There is also a practical side for students that experience bereavement. Students may fear that bereavement will set them back with their college work. Student adviser, Aisling O’Grady, recommends students to contact their module co-ordinators and school offices in the event of bereavement. Once they have been made of aware of the situation all efforts will be made to help the student. Aisling also says that students can contact any of the student advisors in the event of bereavement for assistance. For those who want to help their friends through bereavement, Father Leon has some more advice.
He says that people have a tendency to find something to say and try to rush with answers. Leon advices people to simply empathise with people. The best thing people can do is ‘stand with the person’ according to Ó Giolláin. As people, we are what Leon describes as ‘creatures of empathy’, and this is the most important characteristic when helping someone through bereavement. As a friend, we can make ourselves available to help while not crowding the person. Hopefully you don’t feel too sad from reading this article and I haven’t made you worry too much about your own mortality. The point of this article is that people can feel okay to talk about this issue. After all, death is the ultimate common ground. For more, visit www.pleasetalk.ie
Student Consultative Forum Student Capital Fund
The Student Capital Fund is a sum of money, arising primarily from profits generated by the student bars on campus, which is administered by the Student Consultative Forum. It is available to fund capital projects – usually the purchase of new equipment or the improvement of facilities used by students. Applicants for grants from the Fund are normally the clubs and societies or the Students’ Union but it is open to any group on campus to apply.
The Newman Fund is a sum of money arising from that part of the Student Registration Charge which the university allocates to support organised student activities. It is designed to fund activities which are organised by individuals or groups, other than the recognised clubs and societies in the University, whose aim is to improve student life on campus. Any individual or group of students may apply for financial support for their project. The Newman Fund is administered by a committee of the Student Consultative Forum
Successful applications for funds in the recent past have provided: New computers and software for the student newspapers Furniture for the student area in the Agriculture Building Training equipment for the Swimming Club New equipment for the Film Society Disabled access facilities in the Sports Centre. Applications are now invited for grants from the Fund for the current session. There is no standard format for applications but they should include full details of the applicants, the use to which any funds granted will be put and detailed costings with, preferably, three quotations from suppliers of the equipment/facilities to be purchased Applications should be submitted by Tuesday, November 23rd, at 5.30pm.
Successful applications last year obtained support for: Seachtain na Gaeilge The publication of Trowel magazine by Archaeology students The Meet your Neighbour programme The UCD Musical The commissioning by Vet students of a mural for their new restaurant Applications are now invited for grants from the Fund for the current session. There is no standard format for applications but they should include full details of the applicants, the use to which any funds granted will be put and detailed costings. Applications for support in this session must be submitted by November 23rd at 5.30pm.
All applications or queries can be emailed to: Elizabeth.email@example.com or sent by post to the Forum office, Student Centre, UCD
Pat de Brún
Campaigns & Communications
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UCD SU LOYALTY CARD
8th - 11th November
Small card - big rewards
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www.ucdsu.ie/loyaltycard YOUR STUDENT CARD IS TRANSFORMING, IT’S NOW YOUR SU LOYALTY CARD TOO • BIG REWARDS ALL OVER CAMPUS IN STUDENTS’ UNION OUTLETS • SPECIAL OFFERS FOR LOYAL CARD HOLDERS • CHANCE TO WIN SU ENTS GOLD CARD • REWARDING YOU IN MORE WAYS EVERYDAY
The special SU card is free to use and entitles you to earn points on purchases in SU outlets. From ENTS events to your Crunchie, the SU card is the key to big rewards
11 - 2pm: Coffee & Sandwiches 3pm: Gilligan & Zaponne Key Address
12 - 1pm: Trans 101 1pm - 3pm: Coming Out Workshop 4pm: LGBT NOISE
12 - 2pm: Coffee Morning 2pm: The G Word
12pm: 'A Liberating Party'
"Disrupting LGBTQ stereotypes"
3pm: G.L.EN: Mental Health
6.30pm: Brian Finnegan (GCN) and drinks
with Tonie Walsh 5pm: Table Quiz! 7pm: Drinks in Forum
All events in the Student Centre
Need advice? personal, financial or academic. Pop into Scott, our Welfare Officer in the Student Centre or contact him at email@example.com & phone 017163112. UCD has committed full-time support services and 6 financial support funds. For any academic issues pop into James our Education officer or you can contact him at firstname.lastname@example.org or call him on 017163111 The SU bookshop is now open, make sure to drop down and check out the best value books on campus!
m W e v b mo er
LOOKING FOR DISCOUNTS . . .
1) Don't forget STI Screening is on offer in the Health Centre you can make an appointment by ringing 01-7163133 or by dropping into them in the Health Center. 2) Scott Offers Free Condoms, if you want them just drop into him.
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3) Money Advice Budgeting Clinics take place on 10th & 17th of November from 10am till 12 in Rooms 3 in the Student center. TT SCO INTO icer in POP elfare Offntre or t ce ur W n o at tude the s ntact him u.ie, co cds re@u 112 a lf e w 63 0171
November 9th 2010
The College Tribune
Opinion USI Should Reason their priorities Conor Quirke AFTER
instead of showing how good a
a very small number of this large
of students who were protesting
and brought in attack dogs. Given
outside the Department of Finance,
job they are doing. Is it not more
crowd was involved in pelting the
against them. They did this by
these disgraceful tactics, it is a minor
the protest amounts to nothing less
USI wasted absolutely no time in
important to have the most effective
Gardaí with eggs.
baton charging those who were
miracle that there were not any
than a betrayal of their members,
condemning the protest. ‘This was
protest than for Gary Redmond to
As one of the people inside the
holding a peaceful sit-down protest
who they’re supposed to represent.
carried out by leftwing republican
have his ego massaged?
Department of Finance, I can testify
on the road. It was in response to
So how, in the face of this evidence,
Maybe they should now spend
militants,’ they said. ‘It was a violent
What actually happened that day
that none of the approximately
this police brutality that the larger
can USI claim that this was the
more time trying to advance the
protest,’ they argued. However this
at Merrion Row is that a group
forty people who eventually made it
projectiles were thrown at the
act of a small number of militants,
cause, rather than trying to advance
couldn’t be further than the truth.
of students, mainly veterans of the
inside were involved in any violent
Gardaí. To further break up the
given that more people were
The SWP and Éirigí have so far
student marches of two years ago,
action against the Gardaí, and apart
protest, the Garda horse charged
there than were listening to Gary
taken most of the blame for the
knowing that nothing would be
from the small minority who were
the protesters, many of whom were
Redmond? Or that no members
Conor Quirke is Vice-Auditor of the
protest. This is simply because a few
achieved by listening to a bunch
throwing eggs, it was perfectly
still recovering from their beatings,
of USI were involved in the
UCD Labour Society.
of their student members were there
of hacks give speeches, departed
peaceful outside as well. Violence
with flags. The vast majority of the
the main route and headed to
only erupted after the arrival of
over one thousand people who
the Department, a Government,
the Riot Squad. The Gardaí then
were there were ordinary students,
proceeded to violently eject the
not affiliated to any political party.
and peacefully occupied it.
occupiers, kicking, punching and
So why have USI taken such a hard
is interesting to note that USI
stamping on them, and dragging
line stance? Perhaps it was because
took part in the occupation of
them out by anything they could
the protest at the Department stole
Government Departments back in
get their hands on. There is video
their thunder. What was supposed
2009. Hearing of this defiant direct
evidence of one Gardaí dumping
to be about publicity for them
action, hundreds of other marchers,
an already unconscious girl on the
became about something far more
many in USI T-Shirts, came to
significant. The eyes of the nation
support them, chanting slogans such
After this, the Riot Squad decided
were on students venting their fury
as ‘We Shall Not be Moved’ and
to deal with the disgusted mass
Their condemnation of
Feature: The Garda RSU The
of the new armed force and the
power under the bonnet the XC-
Units or RSU, are a new addition
vehicle selected for the job was
70 uses Volvo’s latest generation
to An Garda Síochána.
Volvo’s XC-70. A total order of 30
all-wheel-drive system to ensure
launched in 2008, the RSU was
of these new police specials was
the power is put to full use as
set up to provide armed support
placed. I took a trip to Newbridge,
well as giving the car all-weather
to Gardaí in high-risk situations.
County Kildare to meet with RSU
and off-road capability. The use
The Emergency Response Unit
members Sergeant Barry Houlihan
of Volvo’s Geartronic manumatic
(ERU), which is based in Dublin,
and Garda Michael Moore, who
transmission is also used, this works
is the Irish police force’s primary
are part of the eastern Regional
as a standard automatic transmission
Support Unit, which was set up last
but a manual mode, which allows
their ability to reach other areas
year as part of the new roll out. Both
the driver to take control of the
of the country quick enough was
had spent many years serving in An
gears. The marked cars also feature
brought in to question, the RSU
Garda Síochána before under taking
enhanced suspension and break
was set up. With the main objective
the thirteen week training course
systems as well as gun safes for
of containing incidents involving
necessary in order to serve with
their firearms which include Sig
firearms pending the arrival of the
the RSU. They told me that they
9mm pistols and Heckler and Koch
ERU, each RSU has 24 members
quite enjoy their jobs as members of
submachine guns.The establishment
who have all undergone intensive
the RSU have minimal paperwork
of the RSU has been an excellent
training. I’m sure you’re wondering
and don’t spend time in court like
move for our police force especially
why you’re reading about The
As a result, this
with the clear rise in knife and gun
Garda RSU in the motors section,
allows their skills and time to be
crime and the high number of drugs
and I can tell you it’s for a very
used out on the streets where they
gangs now present on our streets. It
good reason. The establishment of
are needed. When not acting as an
is great that they are equipped with
the Regional Support Units called
armed response, they help regular
the necessary vehicles which can
for the first order of police specials
Gardaí and take on an investigative
get them to where they are needed
made by An Garda Síochána –
role. Sergeant Houlihan and Garda
both quickly and safely. While a lot
where normally cars are bought
Moore were kind enough to allow
of criminals may fancy their chances
and then modified after the RSU
me to have a look at their modified
with the usual Garda cars like
vehicles come modified for the job
XC-70s.These Garda spec Volvo
focuses and most definitely those
straight from the factory. It was clear
XC-70s feature a 2.4-litre twin-
fiestas, a reassessment of their odds is
that a high performance versatile car
turbo 5-cylinder engine chipped
definitely needed should one of these
was required for the work required
XC-70s be in the rear-view mirror.
As well as all this
Student Marchers Vent Anger That Many Feel
Clashes With Gardaí Further Damages Students’ Reputation & Creates Dissent
Last Wednesday’s USI-organised protest provided students with the opportunity to publicly vent their anger at the likely developments that will rock the Irish education sector in the coming weeks. The march displayed the resentment, unhappiness and general lack of confidence that the student population feel towards our current Government. While most citizens are happy to rail at the current state of affairs to family or friends, the majority of them are not willing to act on this unhappiness on a public level. As a result, the huge effort made by the estimated 40,000 strong crowd that marched from Parnell Square to Merrion Square should be applauded. The thousands within that figure that travelled from all parts of the country meant that this protest was not just the usual student march led by students from the Dublin colleges. The hope is that this action can soften the blow that is likely to come in the next Budget.
The news that dominated after the events of last Wednesday was the violent scenes between the Gardaí and those who attended the march. The clashes between some students and An Garda Síochána led to brutal and ugly scenes, as witnessed in many photos and video footage of the event. These scenes have not received the coverage that perhaps they deserve and if it was not for the student media, the full story of events may never have been told. However the idea that the general student population was up to ‘no good’ in order to create havoc was repeatedly heard through all major media outlets. Sadly, this view can only have a negative effect on the cause in which the protest engaged, also highlighting the further splintering of the student movement. As officially recognised groups, such as USI, appear to disown members among the rogue protest outside the Department of Finance, bitterness rankles on both sides. What is important here is not a
specific ideology relating to left or right wing groups, but rather the future of all third level students in this country. It is time that activists of all persuasions sat down together to discuss the best way forward for the Irish student movement as a whole. If we fail to take this opportunity, then we too are culpable for the penalties which future generations will face.
Editor: Colman Hanley
Olivia Reidy, Matthew Costello, Rachael Walsh, Chris Bond, Greg Acton, Jeremy O’Hanlon, Ciarán Leinster, Ciara Murphy, Ciaran Breslin, Timothy Potenz, Michael Phoenix, Liam Lacey, Patrick Fleming, Conall Devlin, Graham Luby, Conor McKenna, Simon Mulcahy, Róisín Sweeney, Conor Quirke, Alex Fingleton, Kellie Nwaokorie, Kate Brady, Margeurite Murphy, Dan Nolan, Jonathon Barry, Simon Mulcahy, Tracey O’Connor, Laura Hogan, Lee Maguire, Jack Carter, Gary Fox, Rebecca O’Keefe, Blathnaid Hughes, Donnacha O’Súilleabháin, Stefanie Boehm, Lee Maguire, Dan Binchy, Aonghus McGarry.
Datascope Printing (Kevin Mitchell, David Walsh, Trina Kirwan and everyone else), Emmet Farrell, CIAN MCKENNA (sorry for forgetting you last issue!), Niamh Hanley, Donie O’Sullivan (the craic is always mighty), Amy Walsh, Philip Connolly, James Grannell, Jim Scully, Lorraine Foy, Dáire Brennan, Amy Walsh, Danny Lambert, Aoifa Smith, Mark Hobbs, Ryan Cullen, Ciara Murphy, Dan Daly, Gary Fox, Conor McKenna, Ryan Cullen, Eoin Ó Murchú, Dáire Brennan, MCD (Rory Murphy and Colm Hanley), Michael Phoenix, Peter Mannion, Keith O’Brien, Megan O’Riordan, Finn McDuffie, Ger Gallagher, Max Sullivan.
Designer: Emmet Farrell email@example.com
News Editor: Donie O'Sullivan firstname.lastname@example.org
Turbine Editor: Ryan Cullen Eagarthóir Gaeilge: Eoin Ó Murchú Copy Editor: Niamh Hanley Cartoonist: Dan Daly
Deputy News Editor: Amy Walsh Sports Editor: Mark Hobbs
Deputy Music Editor: Conor McKenna Fashion Editor: Aoifa Smyth email@example.com
Photography Editor: Dáire Brennan
Students gather at College Green in Dublin City Centre for the Student Protest. PHOTO: Ciarán Breslin.
Music Editor: David Tracey firstname.lastname@example.org
Photo of the Week
It’s Satire Stupid! Harne
y: Do I
The lumps on my breasts turned out to be my knees,” claims Thatcher
Best before date: Rohypnol Doctors prescribe Hollyoaks to \ students with low IQs Beekeepers angered over veil ban Pope states, “ Catholic converters in cars a must” Redmond’s bullshit saves Sandymount from flood Controversy over Dramsoc’s new play “Colombine HighSchoolMusical”
Calls for Resignation after the discovery of Lynam’s Crack habit Controversy has risen amongst UCD students after the Student Council has given Paul Lynam a vote of confidence, despite the discovery of his ever present crack habit. Allegations of drug use arose when the Student Union President was seen smuggling a small crack pipe into the recent March Against Fees. He was later overheard saying: “The fucking left wing students have driven me to it. Socialist BASTARDS.” After continued media coverage over the controversy, Lynam has attended many anonymous clinics and spoke to our Turbine reporter Tuffy Muffmoss about his terrible addiction.“It all started when I was 7 years old, my father had very strict principles and he wasn’t necessarily a bad man, but he did send me forth into the streets to learn the world via experience. His last words to me were that he never forgets a face, but in my case, he would make an exception.” He then broke down and cried “DO YOU LOVE ME NOW DADDY!!! DO YA.” Investigations into irregular spending in the Student Union accounts on the part of Paul Lynam have now become clear. Claiming up to €30,000 euro as expenses
categorised as ‘Fabergé eggs’, Lynam now must pay the money back in five installments over the next two hours. After eggs were pelted at his car as he drove from the Student Union offices, he shouted from the window, “I didn’t come here to be insulted, I could have stayed home and read the sabbatical mail.” After calls for the President to gracefully resign, the reply was to simply “fuck off ”. Gary Redmond spoke to Iva Chestikoff about the revelations, claiming “It can happen to anybody, the problem is that it’s very moreish. For instance, it happened to me. That is why I look like I have had a minor stroke. I stand fully behind Lynam with open arms.” His Legacy reigns on.
Lonely Hearts Column Jonny Cosgrove, bubbly (too many aero bars), heavy drinking partier in the UCD area, seeks gorgeous sex addict interested in a grossly overweight man who always has lots on his plate. Literally. Must make me smile and help keep my chins up. Scott Ahern, happy-go-lucky guy with a keen personality and a big lovely smile! Needs company in the closet! Likes to redecorate and knit curtains in spare time. Enjoys long walks in the park at night.
Paul Lynam, giggity giggity goo. Current UCD Student Union President, with a jaw line reminiscent to that of UCD’s water tower. Enjoys organising marches and condemning left-wing militants. Seeks right-wing woman who knows how to take orders. Must enjoy the touch of leather. Pat De Brún. Is maith liom an cailín álainn ag feachainn, tá sé ag cur báistí agus tá mé lonely. Is aoibhinn liom cáca milis agus geansaí gorma. Tá mé ag fluent i Gaeilge. Tá sí must be able ar póg mo thóin. James Williamson. ‘Roses are red, violets are blue, I’ve got something nasty, and now you do too.’
| Sport The College Tribune November 9th 2010 www.thecollegetribune.net
Down The Line Laura Hogan reflects on how time just simply ran out in the Aviva for Declan Kidney’s Ireland at the weekend.
bruising encounter. The Saucepans
really came to life when Bouncers’
were 1-0 down until the 85th
Cian Casey hit a superb strike from
minute when Eoin Healy scored
35 yards but saw it rocket off the
phrase regularly associated with
a penalty, moment after a head to
crossbar. Casey was then penalised
some fight left in them. Having lacked direction up
head collision that left him covered
for handling the ball near the corner
and the negative press surrounding their coach had led
until this point, things finally looked set to turn around
it has more than lived up to this
many to believe that Saturday’s game would be a walk in
in favour of the home side. Tommy Bowe got in for the
in blood and requiring stiches.
flag and from the resulting free-kick,
description. This was proven in
the park for the boys in green against a weakened South
first try after receiving a fantastic ball from O’Gara and
Referee Sean O’Connor has now
the ball was met with a sweet volley
African side. However, this simply was not the case.
this was followed minutes later with a try from UCD’s
Division 1 Saturday, which proved
sent off David Shiels (the offender
and flew past Matthew Page in
The Springboks came out all guns blazing, another loss
Rob Kearney, who got in on the right corner. It looked
to be the most dramatic of the three
for the penalty) a record 10 times
the Bouncers’ goal. The Backdoor
not on the cards for the world champions, while Ireland
as if Ireland were possibly about to snatch the game
leagues over the past fortnight.
in the UCD Superleague - take a
lads bounced back impressively
failed to impress.
from the Springboks, but it just wasn’t meant to be, as
Halloween weekend threw up some
though (see what I did there?) as
The first five minutes set the scene for the match with
O’Gara’s attempt at the conversion came off the upright.
absolute crackers, but none more so
Every single game on Halloween
Frank Leavit scored a penalty after
the Springboks dominating possession. Jonathan Sexton
While the last quarter’s performance by the Irish side
than Bayern Hasslehoff ’s 10-5 win
weekend ended in a hammering in
man of the match Morgan Mac
finally got Ireland on the scoreboard after 27 minutes,
managed to instil some hope in the crowd, they did
over Cypress Hull. The result meant
the Saturday Premier league, Spooky.
Fhionnlaoich had been fouled.
and at half time the score stood at 13-6 in favour of
not manage to secure a much needed win on what was
that Bayern leapt from mid-table to
H-Bam, AC Alittlesiluettoofmilan,
Manager Sean O’Connor then
the Springboks. In many ways it was remarkable that
titled the homecoming to Landsdowne Road. Having
well… mid-table, whilst Cypress
Murder on Zidane’s Floor FC, Raul
made the tactical switch of his
the difference was not greater since Ireland’s game was
now lost six consecutive matches, it is clear that the
Hull stayed second from bottom
Moatdrid and FC Victory were all
short an abysmal career by putting
riddled with mistakes which included Healy’s botched
pressure will be on in the Irish camp to secure a result
and still without a point to show for
on the right side of those wins.‘What
Mac Fhionnlaoich to right back
free kick and they were failing to get even the basics
next week. And there is no doubt that Declan Kidney
their 5 matches thus far.
about the Back Door Bouncers?’ I
and bringing on Ross Whelan for
right. Losing six throws from their lineout in addition
and the management team have some tough decisions
Division 1 also managed to produce
hear you ask. Predictably they were
his Superleague debut. A quality
to a scrum that was extremely shaky, it is fair to say that
to make, in order to make a success out of the rest of
what was probably one of the
on the wrong side of one of those
delivery from the new right back
improvements will have to be made if the rest of this
this series and to build towards next year’s World Cup.
worst games of the season so far
contests, receiving a 6-0 drubbing.
set up Cian Casey and his towering
when Bean FC played out a bore-
What you won’t have expected
header won the game.
draw with Dyslexia Utd this past
(this is assuming you’re in any way
Ledge looked like would rescue a
Although the final score saw just two points between the
It was only in the last quarter when Ronan O’Gara, on
teams, 23-21 to the Springboks, it cannot be argued that
his 100th cap, came on to replace Sexton, and Stringer
‘Not for the faint-hearted’ is a
Saturday’s performance was anything but disappointing
came on for Reddan, that Ireland appeared to have
for Ireland. Injuries, a disastrous Tri-Nations campaign
series is to be considered a triumph.
The only chance fell
interested) is that they produced an
point when they were awarded a
to Paul Geraghty but he bottled
excellent display this past weekend
late peanlty. However, Page saved
horrifically, missing a free header at
and claimed their first victory of the
the effort, and the campest team in
the back post.
football got their well deserved three
Elsewhere in the same league,
Against all odds, they overcame
points. Look out for the final tales
Sauce Pan Celtic who have been
Standard Ledge, fresh off the back
of superleague before Christmas
dropping points as of late, drew 1-1
of an emphatic 6-0 win of their
in our next issue, it should be as
with P.in.V. Eindhoven in a typically
own. The game started slowly but
bruising and brilliant as usual.
Clubhouse Mark Hobbs
UCD Women’s Hockey Team Maintain Unbeaten Start UCD’s impressive start to the term continued on Saturday away to Railway Union at Park Avenue, with Rachel Burke scoring a last gasp goal in the final minute to gain what seemed like an unlikely draw for the students. A “delighted” captain Megan Tennant Humphreys expressed her pride at the “massive” result, confirming the growth the team has shown this year with what she explained was the first time she had emerged unbeaten from the fixture in five years. The “confidence going forward” the team now has is justified, and this was the time first time this season that UCD had played a team that had finished above them last year and stood up to the challenge. Some luck was involved in proceedings, UCD net minder Stella Davis was very busy in the first half, with Railway winning nine short corners to the visitors’ none. The student’s defence stood firm until the final quarter when Jean McDonnell gave Railway the lead. There was drama ahead though, with UCD winning their first corner in the final minute and Burke’s deflected shot looping over the ‘keepers head to earn her side a share of the spoils.
UCD Archery Team Bow Out With Second Place Last Saturday the UCD Archery squad staged their home leg of the Archery Universities League Championships at the Sports centre. Over 100 participants from twelve institutions competed at the event, among them UCD’s Irish international James Ryle. The Belfield team were denied a home win in the team event by DCU, but beat UL into third place to claim second. Kevin Roche was happy to report that expectations were met, and was delighted in particular with the progression of some of the home team’s beginners to advanced level. In the individual events James Ryle won the Men’s Advanced Recurve event, with Kevin Roche himself in third. The women were on target too in the Women’s Advanced Recurve, with more medals for the home team as Anne-Marie Donoghue and Inis Rauch claimed second & third respectively.
November 9th 2010
The College Tribune
O’ Rourke’s Optimistic Outlook for 2011 With her preparations underway for next year, Derval O’Rourke MA talks to Colman Hanley about her time in UCD and her successful athletics career to date. In a day and age where sporting idols seem more likely to disgrace themselves, rather than inspire and set a proper example to others, one Irish athlete stands out as being the perfect role model for anyone. At 29, Derval O’Rourke can already look back on a career which has been hugely successful. While some Irish sporting stars have failed to produce their best on the world stage, O’Rourke has consistent form in the highly pressured ‘big time’ races. This summer’s European Championships only reinforced this, as the Cork-born athlete set a personal best, and a new Irish record, of 12.66 seconds in the European 110 hurdles final. Significantly, her silver medal was Team Ireland’s only haul from the games, adding to the expectations and pressure on O’Rourke to match her PB and her European success in 2011. However O’Rourke’s calm demeanour on the track is just as relaxed away from it, as she explained her goals for next year. “I don’t compare years because I think it’s impossible. I think every year is different, so I’m not looking at 2011 while still thinking about 2010. I’m just thinking about running fast. There are a couple of things on in 2011 on that I would like to do well in, so I’ll just look ahead at them and hopefully they’ll work out.” O’Rourke, firmly focused on her preparation, is currently aiming to be in prime competition for her two main goals of 2011, the World Athletics Championships and European Indoors. “I haven’t had a good indoor season in a few years, as I’ve been injured during the indoor season. The Worlds is a target, but I’m kind of putting it on an even playing field as the Indoors, which is not what a lot of people would do, but I will be. So personally, I’d really love to put a solid indoor season together between the end of January and start of March. Long term, I think that would help me going into 2012.” 2012 sets the alarm bells ringing for any sports fan, as the expectation on Irish athletes at the Olympics in London is likely to be the highest it has ever been. For O’Rourke, she will be in the prime of her career at the age of 31, in possibly her final Olympic competition. Some would expect O’Rourke to plan everything with a focus to London, but never one to buy into the habits of others, O’Rourke sees things
Derval O’ Rourke celebrating her European Championship Silver Medal this Summer. Photo by Brendan Moran / SPORTSFILE.
differently. “The Olympics is our biggest competition and I think if you plan in four year cycles, you can’t get too caught up in it either, as you can’t prepare for an Olympics three years out. You try and run quick every year, and you have an awareness of it. I think some people are very caught up in the whole idea of the Olympics. If I finish my career and the fastest I ever run is the Olympics, that will be ideal, that will be perfect. But, if I don’t, it won’t be the end of the world. I have to try and do that, you just
have to run quick every year.” Part of O’Rourke’s journey to becoming Ireland’s leading athletics star was spent in Dublin 4, studying in Belfield. O’Rourke was keen to express a fondness for her time spent in UCD. “I had a great time in UCD and I really enjoyed the academic side of it. You know I like to do other things, I don’t just like to run! For me it was good fun to do my degree. I always enjoyed doing athletics and study, I think it’s easier to do both of them than just to do athletics on its own.”
The balance of studying and competing at a national or higher level of athletics is a challenge facing a lot of young Irish athletes nowadays. Derval O’Rourke believes it is possible to combine both commitments, however. “I never found it that tough personally, I passed every year and did pretty well in my degree. I think it depends on the type of person you are, a lot of it is down to the set-up in sport that is there in the University.” “I always worked outside of the system, as for me, I just couldn’t run quick and be under the UCD sports system, so I just went completely outside of it and forged my own way. Sometimes I think there’s not an emphasis on performance, and there’s more an emphasis on doing things a certain way and that way isn’t necessarily right. So for me, UCD was 100% about the academic side and I enjoyed it.” And O’Rourke has the evidence to back this up. In the middle of her busy summer competing at the European Championships, the Corkonian still managed to complete her Masters thesis. “I kind of put off the thesis for most of the summer. So when [the] Europeans finished, I had three weeks to get it done. I just kind of put my head
down and did it at any opportunity possible.” “I think when you do what I do, you become really good at multitasking and time management. To run well, you really have to know how to manage your time, especially as few people can afford to be fulltime runners - you’ve other things going on. Literally, I was extremely boring for about three weeks, and all I did was run a couple of races and constantly type stuff for my thesis.” “I remember flying to Zurich and typing the whole way, getting to Zurich, having lunch with a couple of athletes, going to my room, typing for four hours, going to sleep, waking up on the day of the race, typing for four more hours... so I was kind of trying to do everything! But I was delighted I did it, for me it was very important that I did my Masters. Obviously it wasn’t as important as winning a European medal, but for me it was a really big thing, so I’m glad I did it. ” Not that O’Rourke herself sees any reason to share her academic work with the world – the thesis, titled ‘The characteristics of entrepreneurs and whether or not they have commonalities with the characteristics of elite sportspeople’,
is apparently hidden away in her house, and she claims that she would be “mortified” if it was ever printed. “I passed and I got a good mark. I didn’t get a first or anything, but I got a good mark. I found out two weeks ago that I passed so I feel no need to ever read it again!” As for the future of Irish athletics, O’Rourke took time to reflect on the current state of affairs. “I think the athletes are improving all the time, and I think a lot of credit goes down to the High Performance athletes. I think they do a very, very good job with the resources they are working with, but I think a lot more could be done by the sport, athletics. I do hope that when I retire that I’ll look at it and the sport will move on forward. It would be a disaster if someone like me retires and no one came through to do the sprint hurdles, you would hope in ten years that more people will be doing it.” With O’Rourke’s now famous determination and personal drive, and her immense success to date, she has set the benchmark for emerging sporting talent in this country. With preparations already in motion for 2011, it’s hard not to see O’Rourke having another successful season.
Students Fail to Star Against Belfast UCD Marian
Liam Lacey Saturday witnessed the sixth round of fixtures in this year’s Nivea for Men Superleague, where UCD Marian faced off against Belfast Star at the Sports Centre. Fans were treated to a fiercely contested battle between the two sides, with home supporters unfortunately going home dejected as Star finally got up and running for the season; inflicting a second consecutive defeat on the Students after last week’s disappointing loss to cross city rivals DCU Saints. UCD appeared determined to put the defeat directly behind them as they made a much brighter start than their northern visitors, who appeared nervous, giving away scrappy fouls. Early baskets from Conor Meany and Neil Baynes allowed Marian to open up a lead
early in the first quarter as Star struggled to get any offence going. Possession was at a premium for Marian for the rest of the quarter, however, as the visitors improved to dominate possession and the first period ended fourteen points apiece. Marian got out of the blocks quicker in the second and capitalized on their powerful start with good scores from their American signing James Crowder, including the first three of the match. Neil Bayne caused Star problems inside. The Northeners seemed unable to cope with Marian, who raced to a ten point lead after a basket from Barry Glover; but ill-discipline and a sudden drop in tempo allowed Star to steadily come back into the match, mainly through the skills of Clayton Longmire and Matthew Jackson. At half-time, Marian went in with a 37-31 lead. The third quarter saw Star take the lead in the game for the first time, as they began to press and force
the students into mistakes. UCD began to give needless fouls away as control of the match slipped out of their grasp and after a superb quarter from the visitors (Star winning the third quarter 25-16), it was Star that led at the end of the third by 56-53. Early scores from Meany and Michael Higgins allowed Marian to retake the lead early in the fourth and for the rest of the quarter both sides traded scores, as it became clear that the side with the superior physical and mental toughness was going to emerge victorious. Star’s greater scoring threat in the fourth quarter came through however, as Longmire continued to cause problems, with Stephen Dawson stepping up for his team also with some superb baskets. Marian appeared to rely too heavily on Crowder to drag them back into the game, and Star closed out the game impressively to win 85-75. For the home team, American import Crowder particularly stood out as a danger man, finishing the
PHOTO: Dáire Brennan game with 29 points, while Baynes also contributed to the scoreboard with 20 points of his own. Next up for Marian is a home game against the Ulster Elks, where they will be looking to get back to winning ways after two defeats in two weeks. Starting lineup: James Crowder, Michael Higgins, Neil Baynes, Daniel James and Conor Meany Replacements: Paddy Young, Cathal Finn, Niall Meany, Barry Glover, Conor James, Matt Kelly.
Above: Daniel James in action for UCD Marian. Below: UCD’s Mascot attempts to create some atmosphere.
Students See Positives in 2010 Report Card UCD midfielder Robbie Creevy gives his views on the season just gone by to reporter Patrick Fleming. As the dust settles on one of the more thrilling finales to a League of Ireland season, the UCD team have a lot to be happy about. Most importantly, a seventh place finish has ensured the students will be playing top flight football next season and for midfield fixture, Robbie Creevy (pictured), this was the number one priority for the club. “When you look at it as a whole, we’ve got to be pleased with keeping UCD in the top flight.” Indeed, for a side which has been a yo-yo club between the First and Premier Divisions for the past few years, cementing their status as a top flight team is where the side’s priorities lie, even if this time it was by ‘just a small margin.’ The youth of the squad has proved an advantage and a curse at the same time. “You might have seen games during the season where we might have lacked, at some stages, experience and physicality against the likes of Bohemians and Rovers.” But that doesn’t discount the vibrancy that also comes with the youth of this team, and many of their best games this season featured high paced and explosive
counter attacking football. This was especially typical of the early stages of the season, a period which Creevy describes as being a “great time to be at UCD,” racking up 6-0 and 4-0 wins both against Bray Wanderers, at the very peak of their powers. While these drubbings were certainly morale boosters, it was the wins against the big boys that proved the most satisfying. For Creevy, a former Shamrock Rovers player himself, the 3-2 win against ‘the Hoops’ late in the season was about a sweet as they come. “To see Keith Ward score that free kick late on was a good feeling because when you’re in the spotlight, playing against the side that at the time were top of the league, you like to do well.” That match came in the middle of a run of games which also included a 3-2 win against St. Patrick’s Athletic and a 4-1 win against Galway United, and proved to be the decisive push in their battle to stay up. So what about going forward? Creevy believes that all the tools are already there for the team to succeed next season. “The base of the team, our preparation and how our manager trains us, I don’t
think we have to change much.” Even during the worst stages of the season Creevy maintains that the performances were good, it was just “late goals and some individual errors” which didn’t go their way. “We don’t have to change much, maybe just to learn from our mistakes during the season and not letting them happen again.”
One thing that could throw a spanner in the works, for a side which is looking to build on a strong foundation, is the speculation that a wave of departures during the off season could see those foundations compromised. “I’ve heard a couple of rumours, but all the clubs are experiencing [funding cuts] at the moment and not
just in football... we’ll just have to wait and see.” It’s the unfortunate fact about UCD football that many of the players who come through the programme do end up leaving once they’ve proven their League of Ireland ability. “UCD is historically known as a feeder club for the big teams and if you look
at the league, the majority of the players have played at some stage at UCD,” acknowledges Creevy. Regardless of who takes the field for next season’s opener, however, you can be sure that UCD, as they’ve done time and time again, will be able to use their youth and vibrancy to give the elder statesmen more than a couple of things to think about.
November 9th 2010
The College Tribune
A Sport to Set the Heart Racing With the jumps racing season in Ireland beginning to stage the return of its most loved stars, RTE Sport analyst and trainer Ted Walsh talks about his passion for the game to Mark Hobbs. Saturday’s meeting in Down Royal signalled the beginning, in earnest, of the National Hunt season in Ireland, with the country’s first Grade One of the season going to the sport’s greatest talent of the last five years; the irresistible Kauto Star. But the dramatic highs and lows
of the sport were demonstrated on the same day, when only hours after leading his mount and personal favourite to glory in the feature race, jockey Ruby Walsh broke his leg after a crashing fall. In no other sport does joy and heartbreak crisscross its way over the competitor’s
and crowd’s emotions so rapidly. Racing is always a bumpy ride. So what is it that draws the public’s imagination to jumps racing, fought out in the cold and wet of winter, rather than the summer’s flat racing? Ted Walsh, father of Ruby, a trainer and RTE racing analyst, gave his view: “The National Hunt scene better relates to the average Irish person…they associate it as being more Irish than they would the flat. The flat is looked upon more as a business whereas the National Hunt is seen more of as a sport, more of a day out…they can relate more to the people involved in it.” So if the people involved in the winter code are different, are the animals? What makes a good jumps horse different? “It depends on a horse’s appetite,” explained the Grand National winning trainer. “They have to like what they’re doing; a cow will jump but to jump with enthusiasm…liking it is what
the whole thing is. You can make them jump but you can’t make them love it.” Most Irish people will have ventured to one of the hectic winter meetings at least once, the Leopardstown meeting at Christmas being a fan’s favourite. “There are so many big days from November to Punchestown in May.”Whether you are a passionate aficionado of the sport, or just occasionally dress up and venture out to bet your fiver; jumps racing is certainly embedded in Irish culture. And after years as an amateur jockey, a trainer and a television pundit, is Ted’s fondness for the game as strong as ever? “I love it, I wouldn’t be doing it if I wasn’t (loving it); television or training a few horses. It’s certainly not what I get financially. I got up last night at half three in the morning and watched the Melbourne Cup for an hour. I love all types of racing.”
Funnily enough, Walsh’s only criticism of the sport is that there’s too much of it, and blames falling attendance numbers in recent years on the saturation of fixtures. “There’s so much of it you can’t get people to keep going.” He feels that there is nothing to be particularly concerned with, that the sport’s appeal is not diminishing, but that people understandably cannot constantly commit themselves to attending the smaller meetings in the same way that county championships will attract small crowds but Croke Park will be full for the All-Ireland final. The
crowd will always come for the big occasion. With more and more of the sport’s big guns returning to action in the coming weeks, the Kildare man is particularly excited about the return of one horse in particular; the champion trainer Willie Mullins’ Mikael D’Haguenet. Not seen last year due to injury, the former Cheltenham festival winner is due back on the racecourse soon. “He was a hell of a novice over hurdles, he’s a hell of a horse. I’d love to see him go back over fences, he could be a superstar. He’s one I think a lot of.”
Party Falls Flat in UCD Bowl powered their way to a deserved
outstanding kick from out on the
the home crowd, they were soon
a commanding lead of 29-10, and
seven minutes later the revolution
left touchline by out-half Joyce gave
there seemed no way back for the
was muted when outside centre
the conglomerates a lead of 15-10
of play as replacement out-half
centenary side. Hitherto unbeaten
Conor Colcough retorted with a try
brightest, however, and CU would
at the break. Despite only having
Andrew Burke ran in under the
this season, Bobby Byrne’s men
converted by the impressive Burke,
have been forgiven for expecting a
two days to prepare for the fixture,
posts moments after the drop off,
had failed to make a dent on the
and the score-line read 36-17. To
long evening when out half James
the Combined Universities looked
and Paul Kayariannus’ excellent
scoreboard since the seventeenth
UCD’s credit they fought valiantly
Although it was a bitterly cold
Thornton’s grubber kick behind
the more cohesive outfit, and spent
night in the UCD Bowl last Friday,
the defence and tidy finish off the
most of the first period in UCD
run from the half-way, after sloppy
McSharry provided a brief period of
scrum-half Mark Jennings’ efforts
spectators were left warmed by an
back of a line out in the second
play from UCD, further increased
hope for his teammates, going over
to provide quick ball for his backs
entertaining game full of attacking
minute resulted in a try, which the
the visitors’ advantage.
after a rare period of pressure and
was rewarded with a potent look to
rugby to celebrate the college team’s
number ten duly converted. If the
competition lifted the spirits of
conversion from both tries gave CU
possession in the 53rd minute, but
the side. Keelan McKenna touched
UCD 24 Combined Unis 41 Mark Hobbs
signs seemed ominous, they needn’t
down and Niall Earls converted
faced a side of considerable merit,
have been. While both teams traded
to give a more respectable look to
comprised of promising players
a penalty apiece to make it 10-
the scoreboard for the college, but
from the combined universities of
3, a few breaks from centre David
the game petered out and full-back
Ireland; TCD, NUIG, UCC and
McSharry provided the only real
William Walsh scored unopposed
Trained by Cork’s Conor
glimpses of danger from the men
for CU after non-existent defending
Twomey and Tony Smeeth of
in blue, in what proved to be a
from a ten-metre scrum from an
Trinity; the selected athletes had
nervy period for both teams where
evidently deflated UCD team, to
staked their claim for inclusion in
handling errors dominated.
make it 41-24 at the finish.
last month’s Dudley Cup, a trophy
CU began to assert themselves and
A disappointing result to mark a
lifted by UCD.
grew more dominant as the half
very special occasion, but coach
UCD, currently second with a
progressed, with Trinity’s David
Bobby Byrne and Director of
100% record in Division 2 of the
Joyce putting the home team on
Rugby John McClean will be more
All-Ireland League, were looking
the back foot with some excellent
concerned with maintaining their
to build on a fine start to the
kicking from hand. The territory
side’s impressive start to their league
season and mark the occasion
and possession they enjoyed finally
campaign in the coming weeks.
with a win in front of a healthy
paid off in the 31st minute, when
UCD Team: 15 Gillespie, 14 Conroy,
crowd, out in force despite the
hooker Gareth Megaw capitalised
13 Cumiskey (c), 12 McSharry, 11
inclement temperatures. While 50
from a period of intense pressure
Fletcher, 10 Thornton, 9 O’Meara,
years before, in the corresponding
from the travelling group’s pack.
8 Bent, 7 Kenny, 6 M Cawley, 5
match to mark the club’s Golden
While the resultant conversion was
Flanagn, 4 B Cawley, 3 Hyland, 2
Jubilee, UCD ran out victors, the
missed, this soon became immaterial
Pollard, 1 Lee.
Replacements: 16 O’Sullivan, 18
could not repeat such heroics, and
before half time, in a disheartening
McKenna, 19 Grennal, 20 Jennings,
the combined Universities (CU)
blow to the Belfield men.
21 Earls, 22 Allwright.
Horse Racing ››
Interview on page 19
Report on page 18
Ted Walsh speaks to Tribune Sport about the Flat Season
Belfast Star against Marian
The College Tribune November 9th 2010 www.thecollegetribune.net
Students Secure Late A Championship Win
Above: UCD A.F.C. celebrate their A-Championship success against Bohemians. Photo by David Maher / SPORTSFILE. and in to the bottom corner off the post.
Bohemians seemed to find their feet in the tie after 30
point of the game came after 88 minutes when a far
Thereafter, the Belfield men dominated in the early
minutes; putting the UCD defenders under increasing
post cross from Gypsies’ left back Anto Corcoran fell to
exchanges, with incisive passing and tireless defensive
pressure. Stephen Traynor and David Lodolo both had
the feet of midfielder Shane Keely, whose side-footed
pressure. Michael Kelly was imperious at centre back,
chances to equalize before half time but were wasteful in
volley soared just over the crossbar much to the relief
while former Manchester City starlet Karl Moore
front of goal. On the balance of play, UCD were largely
of Ger Bannon.
showed great trickery on the left flank. The first decent
on top at the halfway point with Paul O’Connor pulling
Moments later and with the game seemingly heading to
chance for Bohemians came after ten minutes. A low
the strings in centre midfield, although the threat of the
extra-time, Man of the Match Graham Rusk suddenly
corner from Stephen Chambers caused havoc in the
visitors’ frontman Aaron Greene kept Andy Boyle and
found himself on the end of a one-two from the nimble
UCD A.F.C. won the Newstalk ‘A’ Championship Final
UCD goalmouth, and after the ball pinged around
Michael Kelly on their toes.
Ward. From just ten yards out and with the keeper to
in dramatic circumstances last Monday evening at the
like a pin ball machine, striker David Lodolo’s effort
In the second half Bohemians replacement Lee Dixon
beat, he clinically despatched his right footed shot off
UCD Bowl with a last-gasp victory over Dublin rivals
eventually was put over the bar.
made an immediate impact with two shots in quick
the post with a strike identical to that of his first goal.
The Students coped well with the loss of full back
succession, as the Students struggled to rediscover their
The goal sparked wild celebrations from the 200 odd
The game was an often cagey encounter between two
Gareth Matthews, who was injured in the twelfth
first half dominance. A period of concerted pressure for
UCD supporters and delighted managers Diarmuid
teams whose passing styles of play were hampered by
minute and replaced by Michael Leahy. Indeed the
Bohs was eventually rewarded after 68 minutes. Another
McNally and Terry Butler.
the UCD Bowl pitch surface, this mainly due to the
Gypsies were becoming frustrated by Belfield pressure;
low ball from the right hand side from Aaron Greene
Referee Rhona Daly’s final whistle soon sounded, and
ground being used on the previous evening for rugby.
encapsulated by a petulant challenge from danger man
reached the feet of Madden, and the striker who failed
UCD A.F.C. added to their already extensive trophy
Despite the poor conditions though, UCD got off to
Paddy Madden, earning him a yellow card.
to agree personal terms with Glasgow Celtic only a few
cabinet at development level.
the perfect start in the space of two minutes. A low
Half chances for both teams then followed. A great effort
months ago, beat keeper Ger Bannon at his near post
ball from skilful right winger Chris Mulhall failed to
from midfielder Shane Keely tested Ger Barron in the
with a low strike through the legs of Andy Boyle.
be intercepted by Bohs centre half Roberto Lopez, and
UCD goal, while a teasing cross from Paul O’Connor
The last 20 minutes were nail biting for the home
Barron, Matthews (Leahy 12), Nangle, Boyle, M Kelly
a low rasping shot from striker Graham Rusk from ten
met the head of 5’8” Keith Ward, but his nodded effort
crowd at the UCD Bowl, as the Belfield men sought a
(Fallon 80), O’Connor, Mulhall, Roche, Rusk, Ward,
yards out nestled under the arms of Chris O’Connor
was straight at Australian goalkeeper Chris O’Connor.
late winner against the run of play. Perhaps the turning
Moore (D McMillan 80). Subs Not Used: J Kelly, Doyle.
Rusk (2, 90+3)
Issue 5 of the College Tribune