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This is not fantasy. This is not some kind of conjecture. Bashar AlAssad has used chemical weapons at least eleven times.

There has been no evidence that I used chemical weapons against my own people. ~ Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad speaking to CBS News

~ U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry discussing videos of Syrian gas attacks

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FINANCE Is  Your  Bank  Digital? :LWKFKDQJLQJFRQVXPHU WDVWHVDQGSHUVRQDO WHFKQRORJ\EDQNVHUYLFHV DUHJRLQJGLJLWDOZLWK PXOWLSOHSODWIRUPV

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TECHNOLOGY Eating  Out  Goes  High  Tech )URPVHOHFWLQJGLVKHVRQD WDEOHWFRPSXWHUWRVDYRULQJ WKHPVHUYHGE\URERW\RXU GLQLQJH[SHULHQFHJHWVDVW FHQWXU\PDNHRYHU POINT & CLICK Access online research via your Internet connection by clicking pictures, graphics, and words in blue

Center for Strategy, Enterprise & Intelligence provides expertise in strategy and management, enterprise development, intelligence, Internet and media. For subscriptions, research, and advisory services, please e-mail report@censeisolutions.com or call/fax +63-2-5311182. Links to online material on public websites are current as of the week prior to the publication date, but might be removed without warning. Publishers of linked content should e-mail us or contact us by fax if they do not wish their websites to be linked to our material in the future.


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LIFESTYLE Making  Men  Look  Good 6SUHDGLQJDIÃ&#x20AC;XHQFHDQG male  image  consciousness   KDYHPDGHPHQ¶VJURRPLQJD EXUJHRQLQJEXVLQHVVLQ$VLD Â&#x2021;6OHHSGLHWDQGZHOOQHVV 7KH\¶UHVWLOOPXVWVIRUSHRSOHWR ORRNWKHLUEHVW

16 wow tech 22 body lab hot 36 whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s cool

POINT & CLICK Access online research via your Internet connection by clicking pictures, graphics, and words in blue

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NATION Reprogramming  the  Philippines :LWK3UHVLGHQW$TXLQR¶VSRSXODULW\ FRQVWLWXWLRQDOFKDQJHDGYRFDWHVVHH KRSHIRUDIHGHUDOSDUOLDPHQWDU\V\VWHP Â&#x2021;&RQ&RQ&RQ$VRU3," 7KUHHPRGHVRIDOWHULQJWKHIXQGDPHQWDOODZ Â&#x2021;&RQJUHVVLRQDOFRQXQGUXP 6KRXOG6HQDWHDQG+RXVHYRWHDVRQH" Â&#x2021;6DQWLDJR¶VVHYHQVXJJHVWLRQV .H\FKDUWHULVVXHVIURPDWRSVHQDWRU and  legal  mind

The CenSEI Report is now available for elite clients of major corporations at a special corporate gifts scheme. For details, please call or fax +632-5311182 or email marketing@censeisolutions.com


Getting Down To Business Most  readers  of  The  CenSEI  Report  are  in  business,  including  thousands  of  members  in  the  Philippine  Chamber  of  Commerce  and  Industry   (PCCI)  who  receive  notice  of  the  publication  by  email  every  fortnight.  For  that  reason,  starting  this  issue,  there  will  be  more  articles  on   business  and  economy  concerns,  including  three  of  the  four  reports  in  this  journal. 7KHERRVWWREXVLQHVVFRYHUDJHDOVRUHVSRQGVWR$VLDÂśVULVHWRDIĂ&#x20AC;XHQFHDQGJOREDOHFRQRPLFSURPLQHQFH7KHVHWZLQWUHQGVPHDQWKDW Asian  consumers  and  corporations  will  increasingly  set  world  trends  in  lifestyle  and  culture,  commerce  and  industry.  Hence,  telling  the  story   of  business  in  Asia  also  points  the  way  that  global  living  and  livelihood  may  take.  That  includes  challenges  posed  by  rising  incomes  and   consumption  in  emerging  markets.  How  Asia  deals  with  them  holds  lessons  for  the  rest  of  the  world. So  here  goes  The  CenSEI  Report,  Business  class.  The  Finance  section  features  trends  and  technologies  in  digital  banking,  increasingly   the  route  that  retail  banking  needs  to  take  in  response  to  the  fast  spread  of  mobile  devices.  More  and  more  people  want  to  get  information   and  conduct  transactions  via  their  smartphones  and  tablet  computers.  Plainly,  institutions  that  can  help  the  banking  public  attend  to  matters   ÂżQDQFLDOYLDWKHLUWRXFKVFUHHQVZRXOGJHWPRUHRIWKHLUFRPPHUFHDQGFDVK 7DEOHWVDQGVPDUWSKRQHVDOVRÂżJXUHSURPLQHQWO\LQWKH7HFKQRORJ\VHFWLRQDUWLFOHRQKLJKWHFKÂżQHGLQLQJ,WÂśVQRWMXVWWRH[WHQGWKHPRELOH H[SHULHQFHRIFXVWRPHUVWRWKHUHVWDXUDQWWDEOH7KHWRXFKVFUHHQPHQXVQRZFURSSLQJXSLQFODVV\ELVWURVDVZHOODVPDVVPDUNHWIRRG FRXUWVDOVRERRVWHIÂżFLHQF\DQGUHGXFHFRVWVDQGHUURUVLQWKHNLWFKHQ$QGWKDWPDNHVIRUPRUHVDWLVÂżHGGLQHUVDQGPRUHSURÂżWDEOHGLQLQJ Besides  dining,  another  lifestyle  area  covered  in  this  issue  is  menâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  grooming,  now  fast  catching  up  with  the  mainstream  business  of   making  women  look  good.  Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  all  part  of  progress  and  prosperity,  of  course.  Not  just  because  Asian  men  can  now  afford  skin,  hair  and  body   treatments  and  enhancements.  But  also  because  as  societies  get  richer,  image  and  reputation  become  more  important  and  valuable  in   career  and  relations. More  business  coverage,  however,  doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  mean  thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  no  room  for  big  stories  outside  commerce  and  economics.  After  all,  international   DQGQDWLRQDOSROLWLFVVRFLDOWUHQGVKHDOWKDQGWHFKQRORJ\LPSDFWKHDYLO\RQWKHSXUVXLWRISURÂżW)RULQVWDQFHWKH1DWLRQDUWLFOHURXQGLQJ RXWRXUWKUHHSDUWUHSRUWRQFRQVWLWXWLRQDOFKDQJHLQWKH3KLOLSSLQHVSLFNVDSDUWWKHLQWHUSOD\RISROLWLFDOPDQHXYHULQJOHJDOLVVXHVDQG economic  interests  in  the  recurring  attempts  to  rewrite  the  1987  Constitution.  Successful  for  not,  those  struggles  cannot  but  affect  the   conduct  of  business.


you gotta see this The worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 10 most mesmerizing views. 7KH+XIĂ&#x20AC;QJWRQ3RVW, in a Sept. 5 feature, visited travel community site minube, and for WKHEHQHĂ&#x20AC;WRILWVUHDGHUVFDPHXS with its take on the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 10 most mesmerizing views, which include pictures from tourist favorites in Preikestoken (Norway), Bagan (Myanmar), Isla de Pescado (Bolivia), Rockefeller Center (New York City), Chipeque Viewpoint (Canary islands), and Tunnel View Overlook (Yosemite National Park, California), among others. The minube site doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have much by way of information on itself, but the Madrid-based site, according to CrunchBase, a technology-company database, does feature travel photography, video, and recommendations from a community estimated at over 550,000 international travellers.

A bad day for gators. September 1 might be a special day for labor in the United States, but it could very well be a day that will live in infamy for alligators in the southern American state of Mississippi â&#x20AC;&#x201C; if not forever, then at least for the rest of the year. That day, Mississippiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ClarionLedger reported not one, not two, but three record alligator hauls. 7KHĂ&#x20AC;UVWFDWFKLQYROYHGDIRRW 295.3-pound female alligator that was said to be the stateâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s heaviest and longest among females,

harvested in the early morning. By mid-morning, another alligator, this one a male weighing in at 723.5 pounds, breaking the state record for males, was caught by another crew. That state record lasted an hour, before the announcement came of another crew landing a 13-foot 4.5-inch, 727-pound male. To put things in some perspective, alligators are found all over the south and southeastern United States, and while Mississippi made news with its big alligator haul, apparently, larger gators

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have been landed elsewhere, e.g., in Texas in May, where a 14-foot 3-inch, 800-pound gator was FDXJKWGXULQJDĂ&#x20AC;YHGD\SXEOLF hunt in a wildlife management area. (And if one expands the category to include crocodiles, the equally popular relatives of the gator, we think itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s going to take a while before anyone even comes close to landing one thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll match local legend Lolong, who came in at 21 feet and 2,370 pounds when he was captured live in September 2011 and who died in February.)

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4


FINANCE

Digital  Is  the  Euture  of Retail  Banking  in  Asia

Re-order checkbooks

no lines

balance inquiry

Take control

View Transactions

transfer funds

24/7

By Marishka Noelle M. Cabrera

pay bills

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real-time  balances

Speed and Convenience

STRATEGY POINTS Changing consumer needs and preferences are forcing retail banks to revisit strategies, says a McKinsey & Company report Asiaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s emerging economies, youthful demographics, and rapid adoption of mobile technologies are shaping the new Asian banking market 7RVWD\SURĂ&#x20AC;WDEOHEDQNVPXVWOHDUQWRDGDSWWRWHFKQRORJ\DQGUHDFKFXVWRPHUV through multiple channels

CONTENTS

FINANCE

TECHNOLOGY

LIFESTYLE

NATION


DIGITAL IS THE FUTURE OF RETAIL BANKING IN ASIA

POINT & CLICK Access online research via your Internet connection by clicking pictures, graphics, and words in blue

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CONTENTS

FINANCE

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TECHNOLOGY

LIFESTYLE

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supergraphic 10

What your wake-up call says about you. In this digital age, where timekeeping is the province of our phone and not a watch anymore, perhaps we shouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t be surprised to Ă&#x20AC;QGRQHQRORQJHUHYHQQHHGVRXURZQ alarm clock to wake us up. Put another way, if you happen to be one of those people who needs an alarm clock, but canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t afford to keep replacing the ones you destroyed because you couldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t remember where the Snooze or Off button was, this oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s for you. An online service, onlineclock.net, offers a virtual alarm clock, a no-frills utility except for customizing the size and color of the display on your screen. And by way of promoting itself, onlineclock. net provides this editionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Supergraphic, â&#x20AC;&#x153;What Your Alarm Clock Personality Type Is,â&#x20AC;? a collection of statistics summarizing the idiosyncracies and related quirks of alarm-clock users, courtesy of Infographic Showcase. $PRQJWKHQRWDEOHĂ&#x20AC;QGLQJV Â&#x2021; 83% of 18-to-29-year-olds use their mobile phone as an alarm clock Â&#x2021; 24% of people sometimes wake up before their alarm goes off Â&#x2021; 23.3% of people still use a traditional alarm clock to wake up, while 14.9% use a clock radio Â&#x2021;More than 50% of people over 55 donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t need an alarm clock to wake up Â&#x2021; The average time an alarm clock is set for is 7:04 AM

Credit: onlineclock.net and Infographic Showcase

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Microchips on the menu How innovative technologies are helping restaurants boost dining experience %\3LD5XÃ&#x20AC;QR

High-tech convenience options sought at both ends of the table. ,QLWV³5HVWDXUDQW ,QGXVWU\)RUHFDVW´WKH861DWLRQDO5HVWDXUDQW $VVRFLDWLRQ 15$ VD\VPDMRULW\RIIXOOVHUYLFH UHVWDXUDQWRSHUDWRUVDUHXVLQJWHFKQRORJ\WRERRVW RSHUDWLRQDOHI¿FLHQF\DQGFXVWRPHUH[SHULHQFH +RZHYHUWKHVWXG\VDZDJDSEHWZHHQZKDW FRQVXPHUVZDQWDQGZKDWUHVWDXUDQWVRIIHU0RUH WKDQKDOI  RIWKHDGXOWVVXUYH\HGDQGDKLJKHU SRUWLRQRIIUHTXHQWFXVWRPHUVVD\WKH\ZRXOGXVH DQHOHFWURQLFSD\PHQWV\VWHPDWWKHGLQLQJWDEOH ZKHQRIIHUHG+RZHYHUOHVVWKDQRIIXOOVHUYLFH RSHUDWRUVKDYHWKLVRSWLRQ6LPLODUO\RIDGXOWV VDLGWKH\ZRXOGXVHDQHOHFWURQLFRUGHULQJV\VWHPDW WKHWDEOH

STRATEGY POINTS Although high-tech tools such as wireless payment and iPad menus arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t common in restaurants just yet, there is strong consumer interest in such options Consumers want to see the new technology they use integrated into their dining experience Diners are most interested in tableside touchscreen devices that allows self-order and payment, iPad/tablet menus, and digital rewards tied to loyalty programs

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TECHNOLOGY

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MICROCHIPS ON THE MENU

INVESTING IN  CUSTOMER-­FACING  TECHNOLOGY DUHHQHUJ\HI¿FLHQWFRQWUROFRVWVDQG HQKDQFHPDQDJHPHQWHI¿FLHQF\WKH15$ VWXG\SUHGLFWV 7KHLQIRJUDSKLFIURPWKH15$RQWKH ULJKWVKRZVZKDWWKHIXWXUHPLJKWKROG ZKHQLWFRPHVWRRUGHULQJDQGSD\PHQW RSWLRQVDSSVDQGVRFLDOPHGLD 6LPLODUO\DVWXG\E\IRRGLQGXVWU\ UHVHDUFK¿UP7HFKQRPLF¿QGVWKDW FRQVXPHUVDUHLQFUHDVLQJO\RSHQWRWU\ QHZUHVWDXUDQWWHFKQRORJLHVDFFRUGLQJ

Chart from the National Restaurant Association’s 2012 Restaurant Trends Survey as cited in “2013 Restaurant Industry Forecast,” p. 27

to the  ¿UP¶VQHZVUHOHDVHODVW\HDU$ PDMRULW\RIFRQVXPHUVH[SHFWWRXVH WHFKQRORJ\WRRUGHUIRRGDWUHVWDXUDQWV PRUHRIWHQWKLV\HDU³VLJQDOLQJ RSSRUWXQLW\IRURSHUDWRUVZKRKDYHQ¶W DOUHDG\LQWHJUDWHGWKHODWHVWWHFKQRORJLHV LQWRWKHLUEXVLQHVV´&RQVXPHUVDUHPRVW LQWHUHVWHGLQWDEOHVLGHWRXFKVFUHHQ GHYLFHVWKDWDOORZWKHPWRVHOIRUGHU DQGSD\L3DGWDEOHWPHQXVDQGGLJLWDO UHZDUGVWLHGWROR\DOW\SURJUDPV 7HFKQRPLFH[HFXWLYHYLFHSUHVLGHQW 'DUUHQ7ULVWDQR  suggests  that  technology   FDQEHXVHGE\UHVWDXUDQWEXVLQHVVHVIRU WKHLUFRPSHWLWLYHDGYDQWDJHHVSHFLDOO\ ZLWKPLOOHQQLDOV+HSRVLWV³2SHUDWRUV ZKRVWD\DKHDGRIWKHFXUYHLQDQ LQFUHDVLQJO\FRPSHWLWLYHPDUNHWZLOO QHHGWRHYDOXDWHWKHEHVWXVHIRUWKH ODWHVWWHFKWUHQGVDQGGHFLGHKRZWR LQWHJUDWHWKHPLQWRWKHLURSHUDWLRQVLQ DZD\WKDW¶VHI¿FLHQWDQGEHQH¿FLDOWR FRQVXPHUV,WVKRXOGFRPSOHPHQWDQG HQKDQFHWKHUHVWDXUDQWH[SHULHQFHIRU DOODJHJURXSVZKLFKPD\PHDQKDYLQJ DSULQWHGPHQXDYDLODEOHDVZHOODVDQ L3DGWDEOHW´

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Expectations of  consumers  and  restaurateurs  are  converging,  as  seen   in  this  NRA  infographic,  May  2012

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Posted on  the  MailOnlineVLWHLVDYLGHRIURP $OMD]HHUDXSORDGHGRQ<RX7XEHVKRZLQJDUHVWDXUDQW LQHDVWHUQ&KLQDZKHUHURERWVVHUYHIRRGDQG HQWHUWDLQGLQHUV$FFRUGLQJWRWKH$OMD]HHUDUHSRUW WKHURERWVFRVW86HDFK 6HHYLGHRRQWKH QH[WSDJH

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CUSTOMERS WANT  HIGH-­TECH   ORDERING  AND  PAYMENT

Chart from Market Intelligence Report: Consumer-Facing Technology by Technomic, as posted in “High marks for hightech restaurant ordering and payment,” Sept. 6, 2012 blog post by Mary Chapman

TECHNOLOGY

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MICROCHIPS ON THE MENU

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Robots waiters and entertainers serve guests in a restaurant in eastern China YouTube

At  Inamo  restaurant,  you  can  choose  a  â&#x20AC;&#x153;tablecloth,â&#x20AC;?  play   video  games,  and  order  a  cab  via  the  interactive  table           BBC

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Mini drone delivers food at London restaurant tables The Telegraph

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MICROCHIPS ON THE MENU

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Cashing in on tech.,Q DUHFHQWEORJ  posted  on   7HFKQRPLFVLWH5LWD1HJUHWH VD\VFRQVXPHUVDUHUDSLGO\ DGRSWLQJPRELOHWRROVDQG

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TECHNOLOGY

LIFESTYLE

NATION


wow tech Your  wish?  Consider  it  done.  EÄ&#x201A;Ć&#x;ŽŜÄ&#x201A;ĹŻ'Ä&#x17E;Ĺ˝Ĺ?Ć&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x2030;Ĺ&#x161;Ĺ?Ä?,  

ÍťŽžĆ&#x2030;Ĺ˝Ć?Ĺ?ĹśĹ?Ä&#x201A;ĹśÄ&#x161;Ć&#x2030;ĹŻÄ&#x201A;Ç&#x2021;Ĺ?ĹśĹ?žƾĆ?Ĺ?Ä?Ä?Ç&#x2021;ĆľĆ?Ĺ?ĹśĹ? Ä&#x17E;ĹŻÄ&#x17E;Ä?Ć&#x161;Ć&#x152;Ĺ˝Ä&#x17E;ĹśÄ?Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x2030;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x201A;ĹŻĹ˝Ĺ?Ć&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x2030;Ĺ&#x161;Ç&#x2021;Íž'ÍżĹ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ä&#x161;Ç Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x152; to  record  brain  signals  and  then  training   Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;ĹľĹ?ĹśÄ&#x161;Ć&#x161;Ĺ˝Ä&#x201A;Ć?Ć?Ĺ˝Ä?Ĺ?Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ä?Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x201A;Ĺ?ĹśĆ?Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x161;ŽĨ' brain  signals  with  notes  or  sounds  in  order   to  create  a  musical  language.  The  feature   then  provides  a  link  to  the  University   of  Michiganâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  DĹ?EÍžDĆľĆ?Ĺ?Ä?Ĺ?ĹśEÄ&#x17E;ĆľĆ&#x152;Ä&#x201A;ĹŻ Ĺ?ĹľÄ&#x17E;ĹśĆ?Ĺ?ŽŜĆ?ÍżÄ&#x17E;ĹśĆ?Ä&#x17E;ĹľÄ?ĹŻÄ&#x17E;  as  an  example.  

in  an  Aug.  29  feature,  discusses  â&#x20AC;&#x153;Five  Incredible  â&#x20AC;&#x201C;  and   ZÄ&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;ĹŻÍ´DĹ?ĹśÄ&#x161;ͲŽŜĆ&#x161;Ć&#x152;ŽůĆ&#x2030;Ć&#x2030;ĹŻĹ?Ä?Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x;ŽŜĆ?,â&#x20AC;?  including:  

Íť^Ä?Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x17E;ĹśĹ?ĹśĹ?žŽÄ?Ĺ?ĹŻÄ&#x17E;Ć&#x2030;Ĺ&#x161;ŽŜÄ&#x17E;Ä?Ä&#x201A;ĹŻĹŻĆ?ĨŽĆ&#x152;Ä?ĆľĆ?Ç&#x2021;ĆľĆ?Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ć?Ä?Ç&#x2021;žŽŜĹ?Ć&#x161;Ĺ˝Ć&#x152;Ĺ?ĹśĹ?Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E; Ć?Ć&#x161;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x17E;ŽĨĆ&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ĺ?Ć&#x152;Ä?Ć&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ĺ?ĹśĆ?ĆľĆ?Ĺ?ĹśĹ?Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;EÄ&#x17E;Ĺ˝Ä?ŽžĹ?ĹśĹ?Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x152;Ć?Ä?Ć&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ĺ?ĹśÇ Ä&#x201A;Ç&#x20AC;Ä&#x17E;ͲĆ&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ä&#x161;Ĺ?ĹśĹ? Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ä&#x161;Ć?Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x161;Í&#x2022;Ä&#x201A;ĹśÄ&#x161;Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;ĹśĆ&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;ŽƾĆ&#x;ĹśĹ?Ä?Ä&#x201A;ĹŻĹŻĆ?Ć&#x161;Ĺ˝Ç&#x20AC;Ĺ˝Ĺ?Ä?Ä&#x17E;ĹľÄ&#x201A;Ĺ?ĹŻÇ Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;ĹśĹ?Ć&#x161;Ć?Ä&#x17E;ĹśĆ?Ä&#x17E;Ć?Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;ĆľĆ?Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ć?Í&#x203A; Ä?Ć&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ĺ?ĹśĆ?Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ä?ĆľĆ?Ç&#x2021;Ç Ĺ?Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ĺ˝Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x201A;Ć?ĹŹĆ?Í&#x2022;Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ć&#x152;ŽƾĹ?Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x201A;ĹśĹ?K^Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x2030;Ć&#x2030;Í&#x2022;'ŽŽÄ&#x161;dĹ?ĹľÄ&#x17E;Ć?,  which  won  an  AT&T  Mobile  App  Hackathon.

ÍťĆ&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x;ĹśĹ?Ä&#x201A;ĎŻĹ˝Ä?ĹŠÄ&#x17E;Ä?Ć&#x161;Ç Ĺ?Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;ĹŠĆľĆ?Ć&#x161;Ç&#x2021;ŽƾĆ&#x152;Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;ŽƾĹ?Ĺ&#x161;Ć&#x161;Ć? ĨÄ&#x17E;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x161;Ĺ?ĹśĹ?Ä&#x201A;ĎŻĆ&#x2030;Ć&#x152;Ĺ?ĹśĆ&#x;ĹśĹ?ĹľÄ&#x201A;Ä?Ĺ&#x161;Ĺ?ĹśÄ&#x17E;Í&#x2022;Ä?ŽƾĆ&#x152;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć?Ç&#x2021;ŽĨÄ&#x201A; Chilean  startup  company,  Thinker  Thing,  which   Ä?ŽžÄ?Ĺ?ĹśÄ&#x17E;Ć?Ä&#x201A;Ĺś'Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ä&#x161;Ć?Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x161;ĨŽĆ&#x152;Ä?Ć&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ĺ?ĹśÍ˛Ç Ä&#x201A;Ç&#x20AC;Ä&#x17E;ĹľÄ&#x201A;Ć&#x2030;Ć&#x2030;Ĺ?ĹśĹ?Ç Ĺ?Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ĺ?Ć&#x161;Ć?Ĺ˝Ç ĹśĆ?Ĺ˝Ĺ&#x152;Ç Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x161;Ĺ˝ Ä&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ç&#x20AC;Ä&#x17E;ĹŻĹ˝Ć&#x2030;Ä&#x201A;ĹśÄ&#x161;žŽůÄ&#x161;Ä?ĆľĹ?ĹŻÄ&#x161;Ĺ?ĹśĹ?ͲÄ?ĹŻĹ˝Ä?ĹŹĆ?Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x2030;Ä&#x17E;Ć?Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ć&#x152;ŽƾĹ?Ĺ&#x161;Ä?Ć&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ĺ?ĹśÍ˛Ç Ä&#x201A;Ç&#x20AC;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ä?Ć&#x;Ç&#x20AC;Ĺ?Ć&#x161;Ç&#x2021;Í&#x2DC;

Ä&#x17E;Ć?Ć&#x2030;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x;ĹľÄ&#x17E;Ć?Ä?Ä&#x201A;ĹŻĹŻĹ?ĹśĹ?ĨŽĆ&#x152;Ä&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć?Ć&#x2030;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x17E;ĹľÄ&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ć?ĆľĆ&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ć?Í?  With  all  the  bad  news  on   the  global-­â&#x20AC;?warming  front,  from  žÄ&#x17E;ĹŻĆ&#x;ĹśĹ?Ć?Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ĺ?Ä?Ä&#x17E;  to  rising  seas  and  rising  temperatures,  Ty   McCormickâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  â&#x20AC;&#x153;Hacking  the  Climate,â&#x20AC;?  in  the  latest  issue  of  Foreign  Policyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  online  magazine,   might  be  forgiven  for  discussing  â&#x20AC;&#x153;7  far-­â&#x20AC;?out  geoengineering  ideas  that  could  save  the   planet  â&#x20AC;&#x201C;  or  destroy  it  trying.â&#x20AC;? /ĨÍ&#x17E;Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ĺ?ŜŏĹ?ĹśĹ?ŽƾĆ&#x161;Ć?Ĺ?Ä&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ä?Ĺ˝Ç&#x2020;Í&#x;Ĺ?Ć?Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ĺ?ŽͲĆ&#x161;ŽžÄ&#x17E;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x2030;Ĺ&#x161;Ĺ˝Ć&#x152;ĨŽĆ&#x152;Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ä?Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x;Ç&#x20AC;Ĺ?Ć&#x161;Ç&#x2021;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x2039;ĆľĹ?Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x161;Ć&#x161;Ĺ˝Ć?ŽůÇ&#x20AC;Ä&#x17E; everyday,  run-­â&#x20AC;?of-­â&#x20AC;?the-­â&#x20AC;?mill  problems,  most  of  the  proposals  in  McCormickâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  feature  might   be  characterized  as  â&#x20AC;&#x153;thinking  above  the  globe,â&#x20AC;?  literally.  The  ideas  include:   Íť'Ĺ?Ä&#x201A;ĹśĆ&#x161;Ć?Ć&#x2030;Ä&#x201A;Ä?Ä&#x17E;ĹľĹ?Ć&#x152;Ć&#x152;Ĺ˝Ć&#x152;Ć?Ĺ˝Ć&#x152;Ä?Ĺ?Ć&#x;ĹśĹ?Ä?Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x161;Ç Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x17E;ĹśĆ&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć?ƾŜÄ&#x201A;ĹśÄ&#x161;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x152;Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ć&#x161;Ĺ˝Ä&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ĺ&#x2021;Ä&#x17E;Ä?Ć&#x161;Ć?ŽůÄ&#x201A;Ć&#x152;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ä&#x161;Ĺ?Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x;ŽŜ ÍťDĹ?ĹśĹ?ĹśĹ?žŽŽŜÄ&#x161;ĆľĆ?Ć&#x161;Ć&#x161;Ĺ˝Ä?Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;ĹŹĹ?ĹśÄ&#x161;ŽĨĆ?Ć&#x2030;Ä&#x201A;Ä?Ä&#x17E;Ć?Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x161;Ĺ˝Ä?ĹŻĹ˝Ä?ĹŹĆ?ŽůÄ&#x201A;Ć&#x152;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ä&#x161;Ĺ?Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x;ŽŜŽŜÄ?Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A; žŽŜĆ&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Í&#x2022;ĎŽĎŹĹ&#x161;ŽƾĆ&#x152;Ć?Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x;ĹľÄ&#x17E; ͝ůÄ?Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x161;Ĺ˝Ç&#x2021;Ä&#x201A;Ä?Ĺ&#x161;Ć&#x161;Ć?Ć&#x161;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ç ĹŻĹ?ĹśĹ?Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ĺ˝Ä?Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;ĹśĆ?Í&#x2022;Ä?Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x;ĹśĹ?Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ĺ?Ä?ĹŹÄ&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Í&#x2022;ůŽŜĹ?Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;ͲůÄ&#x201A;Ć?Ć&#x;ĹśĹ?Ä?ůŽƾÄ&#x161;Ć?ĨŽĆ&#x152; Ä?ĹŻĹ˝Ä?ĹŹĹ?ĹśĹ?Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć?ƾŜÍ&#x2022;Ä?Ç&#x2021;Ć&#x2030;ƾžĆ&#x2030;Ĺ?ĹśĹ?ƾůĆ&#x161;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x201A;ÄŽĹśÄ&#x17E;Ć?Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ç Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ĺ?ĹśĆ&#x161;Ĺ˝Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x161;žŽĆ?Ć&#x2030;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E; Íť'Ĺ?Ä&#x201A;ĹśĆ&#x161;Í&#x2022;ĨŽŽĆ&#x161;Ä?Ä&#x201A;ůůͲĎÄ&#x17E;ĹŻÄ&#x161;ͲĆ?Ĺ?Ç&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x161;ĨĆ&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x17E;Ç&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ć?Ĺ?ĹśĆ&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;ĹśĆ&#x161;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x152;Ä?Ć&#x;Ä?Í&#x2022;ĨŽĆ&#x152;ĨĆ&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x17E;Ç&#x152;Ĺ?ĹśĹ?Ä?Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x152;Ä?ŽŜͲÄ&#x161;Ĺ?Ĺ˝Ç&#x2020;Ĺ?Ä&#x161;Ä&#x17E; emissions  down  to  -­â&#x20AC;?140  degrees  Celsius,  which  would  turn  carbon  dioxide  into  a  kind   of  â&#x20AC;&#x153;CO2  snowâ&#x20AC;?  that  could  then  be  buried  underground ÍťtĆ&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x2030;Ć&#x2030;Ĺ?ĹśĹ?'Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x17E;ŜůÄ&#x201A;ĹśÄ&#x161;Ĺ?ĹśĹ?Ĺ?Ä&#x201A;ĹśĆ&#x161;Í&#x2022;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ĺ&#x2021;Ä&#x17E;Ä?Ć&#x;Ç&#x20AC;Ä&#x17E;Ä?ĹŻÄ&#x201A;ŜŏÄ&#x17E;Ć&#x161;Ć?Ĺ?ŜŽĆ&#x152;Ä&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ć&#x161;Ĺ˝Ć?ĹŻĹ˝Ç Ä&#x161;Ĺ˝Ç ĹśĆ&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x201A;Ç Í&#x2DC; Apart  from  the  discussion  of  these  and  other  seemingly  outlandish  ideas,  McCormickâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  feature  also  contains  a   ĹŻĹ?ŜŏĆ&#x161;Ĺ˝Ĺ&#x161;Ĺ?Ć?Ĺ?ĹśĆ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ć?Ć&#x;ĹśĹ?Ä?ŽžĆ&#x2030;Ä&#x201A;ĹśĹ?ŽŜĆ&#x2030;Ĺ?Ä&#x17E;Ä?Ä&#x17E;ŽŜĆ&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;dubious  history  of  climate  hacking,  which  serves  as  a  reminder  that   Ç Ĺ&#x161;Ĺ?ĹŻÄ&#x17E;Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;ĆľĆ&#x152;Ĺ?Ä&#x17E;ĹśÄ?Ç&#x2021;Ĺ˝Ç&#x20AC;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ä?ĹŻĹ?ĹľÄ&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ä?Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x201A;ĹśĹ?Ä&#x17E;Ĺ?Ć?Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;ĹŻÄ&#x201A;Ć&#x;Ç&#x20AC;Ä&#x17E;ĹŻÇ&#x2021;Ć&#x152;Ä&#x17E;Ä?Ä&#x17E;ĹśĆ&#x161;Í&#x2022;ĹľÄ&#x201A;ĹśÍ&#x203A;Ć?Ä&#x201A;ĆŠÄ&#x17E;ĹľĆ&#x2030;Ć&#x161;Ć?Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ç Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ĺ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;ĹľÄ&#x201A;ĹśĹ?Ć&#x2030;ƾůÄ&#x201A;Ć&#x;ŽŜĹ?Ĺ˝Ç Ä&#x201A;Ç&#x2021;Ä?Ä&#x201A;Ä?ĹŹÍ&#x2DC;

cenSEI

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16


17

LIFESTYLE

Men, Too, Want To Look Good And Youthful HAIR CARE 2010 Global Sales: $49 BILLION 2015 Projection: $58 BILLION SKIN CARE (includes whitening soap, lotion, moisturizers, shaving products) 2007-2011 Global Sales: $15 BILLION 2016 Projection: $16.3 BILLION

BATH AND SSHOWER PRODUCTS 2015 Projection: $12.85 BILLION

FRAGRANCES 2015 Projection: $46 BILLION Source: TCR compilation of data from ReportLinker, GCI Magazine.

STRATEGY POINTS Â&#x2021;3HUVRQDOFDUHEUDQGVKDYHVWDUWHGWR VKLIWIRFXVIURPZRPHQWRPHQ Â&#x2021;0HQ·VLPDJHFRQVFLRXVQHVVFRPELQHG ZLWKPRUHGLVSRVDEOHLQFRPHZLOO IXHOWKHJURZWKRISHUVRQDOJURRPLQJ LQGXVWU\LQ$VLD Â&#x2021;&KLQD,QGLDDQG0DOD\VLDDORQJ ZLWK6RXWK.RUHDDQG-DSDQDUH H[SHFWHGWRGULYHWKHJURZWKRIPHQ·V JURRPLQJLQGXVWU\LQ$VLD

CONTENTS

FINANCE

TECHNOLOGY

LIFESTYLE

NATION


MEN, TOO, WANT TO LOOK GOOD AND YOUTHFUL

POINT & CLICK Access online research via your Internet connection by clicking pictures, graphics, and words in blue

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TECHNOLOGY

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MEN, TOO, WANT TO LOOK GOOD AND YOUTHFUL

Look and feel young without grooming products Not all Asian men can afford the high-cost of personal-care brands. But this doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t mean that they canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t maintain looking good and young. Aside from using personal-care products, the following are some advice given for men to maintain looking and feeling younger. In a guide by Beth Orenstein (medically reviewed by Pat F. Bass III, MD, MPH) as posted on EverydayHealth.com, sleep, diet, and good skin care can take years off oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s appearance.

Skin care. According to Orenstein, staying out of the sun is helpful enough to prevent wrinkles and age spots that surely will make one looks older. Another skincare tip is to use moisturizer, which cools and relaxes dry skin. The last skin-care tip is to drink lots of water. Six to eight cups of water a day will help keep your skin hydrated, giving skin better tone and a more youthful looking appearance. Promote wellness. As to wellness, sleeping well can maintain good health that can make one look and feel young. Not enough sleep can result in bags under onesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; eyes and other health consequences that may make one appear

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older. Orenstein wrote that one study from the psychiatry department at Penn State College of Medicine found that sleep deprivation affected menâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mental acuity more than womenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s. And another study from the University of California, San Diego, found that more men needed naps to reinforce learning. Men also wake up more often and have less slow-wave sleep, which is crucial for memory formation. Another wellness tip that would be helpful enough to stay looking and feeling young is to prevent smoking. Smoking can also make one look old by creating wrinkles and lines around the mouth and eyes, dulling the skin, and staining teeth. It also can cause a host of health problems that will age you quickly, says Francis Salerno, MD, of the Center for Healthy Aging in Allentown, Pennsylvania. And the past tips to maintain looking and feeling young are eating healthy and doing exercises. Eating appropriate amounts of DKHDOWK\IRRGV²FKLFNHQĂ&#x20AC;VKIUXLWVDQG vegetables â&#x20AC;&#x201C; with a moderate amount of carbohydrates â&#x20AC;&#x201C; will keep one healthy as ZHOODVORRNLQJ\RXQJDQGĂ&#x20AC;W6DOHUQRVD\V Exercising, on one hand, will keep one PDLQWDLQRQHŇ&#x2039;VWRQHDQGĂ H[LELOLW\

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TECHNOLOGY

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body  lab

A whole new dimension to â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;gut feeling.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; An Aug. 21 feature posted on The Verge discusses a possible link between mental health and gastro-intestinal equilibrium, citing the case of a teenager with obsessive-compulsive disorder whose symptoms greatly diminished after six months and disappeared after a year when a twice-daily regimen of probiotics â&#x20AC;&#x201C; live bacteria that help maintain intestinal microbial balance, commonly found in yogurt

and other fermented products â&#x20AC;&#x201C; was added to her course of psychotherapy and medication. Dr. James Greenblatt, the Boston-area psychiatrist treating the teenager, suspected that an imbalance in the teenagerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s intestinal microbes was contributing to, or causing, her mental symptoms. According to the feature, researchers have long known of a connection

Credit: Smithsonian magazine

Embrace me, you sweet and eminently replaceable you. The Smithsonian Instituteâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Smithsonian magazineâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s September edition carries a feature on â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Insane and Exciting Future of the Bionic Body,â&#x20AC;? which discusses the latest advances in prosthetics, aided greatly by innovations in technology.

The slightly lengthy but nonetheless fascinating feature discusses various prosthetic limbs â&#x20AC;&#x201C; arms, legs, and even ankles â&#x20AC;&#x201C; which have, as a group, improved not just in aesthetics but in functionality, thanks to microprocessors, improved software, and longerlasting batteries.

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between the brain and the gut, but Ă&#x20AC;JXUHGWKHFRQQHFWLRQZDVDRQH way street leading from the brain; now research is suggesting that the connection might be more like a multi-lane highway. The feature goes on to cite other studies â&#x20AC;&#x201C; involving rats and humans â&#x20AC;&#x201C; and researchers who express some cautious optimism about what weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re learning about probiotics and their possible effects on how the brain functions. So today, with a lactobacilli drink in one hand, and a cup of yogurt in the other, we raise a toast, to our collective mental health.

The feature also mentions the development of functioning prototypes of DUWLĂ&#x20AC;FLDORUJDQV that could eventually replace the spleen, pancreas, and/or lungs, at the same time that it points out that these bionic innovations still canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t function together in a single human body, not just yet. Having said WKDWDXWKRU*HRII%UXPĂ&#x20AC;HOPDUYHOV nonetheless, that â&#x20AC;&#x153;(W)e have never been so replaceable.â&#x20AC;? The feature also provides a link to a neat summary of these advances, in the form of a Bionic Man, especially created for an upcoming Smithsonian documentary on the subject.

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Reshaping the Political Landscape Through Charter Change President Benigno Aquino III’s current popularity could serve as the impetus for reshaping the existing political system through constitutional change, and charter-change advocates have political-reform proposals for whenever the timing becomes right for charter change By Atty. John Carlo Gil M. Sadian

STRATEGY POINTS Previous attempts to amend the 1987 Constitution have been closely associated with the incumbent president during each attempt, in effect tying the issue of charter change to a president’s popularity or lack thereof Public attitudes toward charter change are, at best, lukewarm, and, at worst, hostile, especially over the prospect of changing the system of government from presidential to SDUOLDPHQWDU\RUUHPRYLQJWHUPOLPLWVIRUHOHFWHGRIÀFLDOV Shifting from a unitary political system to a federal system might be worth considering, not just as a solution to the Moro rebellion but also as a way to re-organize the country along HWKQROLQJXLVWLFFODVVLÀFDWLRQV

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TECHNOLOGY

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RESHAPING THE POLITICAL LANDSCAPE THROUGH CHARTER CHANGE

POINT & CLICK Access online research via your Internet connection by clicking pictures, graphics, and words in blue

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Are you in favor or not in favor of changing our Constitution now? (Base: Total Interviews, 100%) LOCATION

CLASS

BAL

IN FAVOR

UNDECIDED

NOT IN FAVOR

RP

NCR

LUZ

VIZ

MIN

ABC

D

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Feb 2009

33

25

34

38

33

31

32

37

Nov 2006

39

38

34

47

39

40

35

45

Jul 2006

40

33

43

39

41

34

38

47

Apr 2006

44

35

52

38

41

34

45

45

Feb 2009

25

31

22

6

41

27

25

24

Nov 2006

19

16

22

17

19

17

20

18

Jul 2006

21

22

20

19

27

28

20

22

Apr 2006

15

15

17

15

13

22

14

16

Feb 2009

42

44

44

56

26

42

44

40

Nov 2006

42

46

44

35

42

41

45

37

Jul 2006

38

45

37

42

32

38

41

31

Apr 2006

40

50

31

47

46

44

41

39

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CONTENTS

FINANCE

TECHNOLOGY

LIFESTYLE

NATION


RESHAPING THE POLITICAL LANDSCAPE THROUGH CHARTER CHANGE

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Removal of term limits

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The Three â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Howsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Of Prop SUHVLGHQWKHFDQVHHNWKHSUHVLGHQF\DJDLQ 7KLVZDVTXHVWLRQHG  E\VHYHUDOODZ\HUVZLWK RQHDFWXDOO\DVNLQJWKH6XSUHPH&RXUWWR GHFODUH(VWUDGDGLVTXDOL¿HG7KHKLJKFRXUW ZRXOGHYHQWXDOO\UHIXVHWRGHFLGHWKLVLVVXH EHODWHGO\GHFODULQJLQ3RUPHQWRYV(MHUFLWR (VWUDGD  WKDW³)ROORZLQJWKHUHVXOWVRI>WKH @HOHFWLRQV>(VWUDGD@ZDVQRWHOHFWHG 3UHVLGHQWIRUWKHVHFRQGWLPH7KXVDQ\ GLVFXVVLRQRIKLVµUHHOHFWLRQ¶ZLOOVLPSO\EH K\SRWKHWLFDODQGVSHFXODWLYH,WZLOOVHUYHQR XVHIXORUSUDFWLFDOSXUSRVH´

By Mary Grace V. Pulido

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From unitary to federal structure

 A  deeply  divided  Supreme  Court  voted  8-­7  to  den SHWLWLRQVHHNLQJWKHVXEPLVVLRQRIWKHLUSURSRVHG people  for  a  plebiscite.            (Chief Justice Panganiba

Arguably the most controversial part of the 1987 Constitution is Article XVII, which provides the procedure for introducing changes to the fundamental law. Under the said article, there are three possible ways to propose changes to the charter, after which the proposal would be submitted for approval by the people through a plebiscite. 6HFWLRQRI$UWLFOH;9,,OD\VGRZQWKHÃ&#x20AC;UVWWZR methods:

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Section 1. Any amendment to, or revision of, this Constitution may be proposed by: (1) The Congress, upon a vote of three-fourths of all its Members; or (2) A constitutional convention. 7KHÃ&#x20AC;UVWPRGHDOORZV&RQJUHVVDFWLQJDVD Constituent Assembly, to directly propose revisions or amendments by a vote of three-fourths of all

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FRQWLQXHUHDGLQJRQ3DJH

CONTENTS

FINANCE

TECHNOLOGY

LIFESTYLE

NATION


RESHAPING THE POLITICAL LANDSCAPE THROUGH CHARTER CHANGE

posing Constitutional Changes in the Philippines

ny  the  Sigaw  ng  Bayan   GQHZFKDUWHUWRWKH an Photo)

its Members. While the provision may sound simple, the interpretation of the phrase â&#x20AC;&#x153;all its Membersâ&#x20AC;? would be subject to different views among constitutional scholars considering that the Framers of the Constitution committed an oversight in the phrasing of this provision, one that was originally intended to cover a unicameral National Assembly.

The second mode provides for a Constitutional Convention which can be called by Congress â&#x20AC;&#x153;by a vote of two-thirds of all its Members.â&#x20AC;? Congress may also, â&#x20AC;&#x153;by majority vote of its Members, submit to the electorate the question of calling such a convention.â&#x20AC;? The Constitutional Convention referred to in this mode is similar to the 1986 Constitutional Commission that drafted the present 1987 Constitutionâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;a group of select individuals chosen from different sectors given power to draft the proposed amendments to the Constitution. It is worth noting that only a majority vote is required for Congress to â&#x20AC;&#x153;pass on to the peopleâ&#x20AC;? the decision of whether or not a Constitutional Convention would be called, while a supermajority vote of two-thirds is required if Congress itself will call the Convention. The third mode of proposing changes to the charter is provided in Section 2 of Article XVII: Section 2. Amendments to this Constitution may likewise be directly proposed by the

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people through initiative upon a petition of at least twelve per centum of the total number of registered voters, of which every legislative district must be represented by at least three per centum of the registered voters therein. No amendment under this section shall EHDXWKRUL]HGZLWKLQĂ&#x20AC;YH\HDUVIROORZLQJ WKHUDWLĂ&#x20AC;FDWLRQRIWKLV&RQVWLWXWLRQQRU RIWHQHUWKDQRQFHHYHU\Ă&#x20AC;YH\HDUV thereafter. The Congress shall provide for the implementation of the exercise of this right. 7KHWKLUGPHWKRGGHVSLWHEHLQJWKHPRVWGLIĂ&#x20AC;FXOW to carry out, has so far been the only method that was actually used by charter change proponents. In 1997, the Peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Initiative for Reform, Modernization and Action (PIRMA) attempted to propose the removal of term-limits on the president to allow then President Fidel V. Ramos to run for reelection. The Supreme Court struck this down in the case of DefensorSantiago vs. Comelec, ruling that the enabling ODZZDVLQVXIĂ&#x20AC;FLHQWWRLPSOHPHQWWKH3HRSOHŇ&#x2039;V Initiative method. A decade later, the Sigaw ng Bayan (Cry of the Nation) movement would once again attempt to propose a revision of the charter, this time to drastically transform the current bicameralpresidential government into a unicameralparliamentary type. This petition would also be blocked by the high court in the case of Lambino vs. Comelec, with a deeply divided tribunal calling the Sigaw ng Bayan initiative â&#x20AC;&#x153;a deception,â&#x20AC;? and an attempt to â&#x20AC;&#x153;operate as a gigantic fraud on the people.â&#x20AC;?

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Insensitive to cultural diversity?  7KH &RQVXOWDWLYH&RPPLVVLRQ  also  laments  that  the   ³XQLWDU\V\VWHPLVQRWVHQVLWLYHWRRXUFXOWXUDO GLYHUVLW\´HVSHFLDOO\VREHFDXVH³WKHQDWLRQKDV PDQ\HWKQROLQJXLVWLFDQGFXOWXUDOFRPPXQLWLHV DQGDODUJH0XVOLPPLQRULW\WKH0RURV´+H

CONTENTS

FINANCE

Creating states according to ethnoOLQJXLVWLFFODVVLÃ&#x20AC;FDWLRQ$QRWKHULVVXH LQWKHSURSRVHGIHGHUDWHG3KLOLSSLQHVLVWKH ORJLFRIGLYLGLQJWKHFRXQWU\LQWRVHYHUDOVWDWHV DFFRUGLQJWRHWKQROLQJXLVWLFFODVVL¿FDWLRQ:H XQGHUVWDQGWKHQHHGWRJUDQWIHGHUDWHGVWDWXV WR0XVOLP0LQGDQDRFRQVLGHULQJLWVGHFDGHV ROGVWUXJJOHIRUVHOIUXOH%XWGRZHUHDOO\QHHG WRFUHDWHDIHGHUDWHG,ORFDQR%LVD\DRU7DJDORJ 6WDWH":RXOGWKLVQRWDFWXDOO\UHVXOWLQIXUWKHU FRQÃ&#x20AC;LFWEHWZHHQWKHIHGHUDWHGVWDWHV" ,QIDFWWKHVRFDOOHG  0LQRULW\5HSRUW   VXEPLWWHGE\VHYHQGLVVHQWLQJPHPEHUVRI WKH&RQVXOWDWLYH&RPPLVVLRQLVHQOLJKWHQLQJ

TECHNOLOGY

LIFESTYLE

NATION


RESHAPING THE POLITICAL LANDSCAPE THROUGH CHARTER CHANGE

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Article XVII: The great constitutional conundrum Much has been said about the various attempts to tinker with the 1987 Constitution. Yet, most of these discussions really just focused on the personalities involved and the interests they advanced, altogether leaving behind the fundamental issues that need to EHUHVROYHGÀUVWIRUFKDUWHUFKDQJHWRDFWXDOO\PRYH forward. Twice did the Supreme Court block attempts to rewrite the charter, and in junking these attempts, the high court did not consider the motives of the people behind these efforts. What the court did was to focus on what really matters: whether or not the procedure laid down by the Constitution itself was followed. The problem is that the wording of the very article that provides the procedure is actually problematic. We discuss here why.

‘Amendment’ versus ‘revision.’7KHÀUVW controversial issue in Article XVII is the interpretation of the words “amendment” and “revision” in the context of the three modes by which charter change can be effected. 6HFWLRQRI$UWLFOH;9,,VWDWHVWKDWWKHÀUVWWZRPHWKRGV -- Constituent Assembly and Constitutional Convention -- can be used to propose an “amendment to,” or a “revision of” the Constitution. On the other hand, Section 2 omits the word “revision” and only allows “amendments” through the third method (People’s Initiative). The difference between a “revision” and an “amendment” and their applicability to the three methods of changing the Constitution had been thoroughly discussed by Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio in the case of Lambino vs. Comelec. In this landmark case, the high court stressed that the intent of the Framers of the Constitution was that only a Constituent Assembly or a Constitutional Convention may propose “revisions,” and that a People’s Initiative may only propose

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“amendments.” This simply means that a People’s Initiative cannot propose a “revision.” If that is the case WKHQH[WTXHVWLRQZRXOGLQYROYHWKHFODVVLÀFDWLRQRID SURSRVHGFKDQJH,VLWD´UHYLVLRQµRUDQ´DPHQGPHQW"

The Court also answered this in the Lambino case: “Revision broadly implies a change that alters a basic principle in the constitution, like altering the principle of separation of powers or the system of checks-andbalances. There is also revision if the change alters the substantial entirety of the constitution, as when the change affects substantial provisions of the constitutio

On the other hand, amendment broadly refers to a change that adds, reduces, or deletes without altering the basic principle involved. Revision generally affects several provisions of the constitution, while amendmen JHQHUDOO\DIIHFWVRQO\WKHVSHFLÀFSURYLVLRQEHLQJ amended.”

It is worth noting that the justices’ 8-7 vote in the Lambino case is suggestive of the possibility that in the future, it is not unlikely that a Supreme Court with different composition could reverse the doctrine we jus discussed.

Meaning of the phrase “…of all its Members.” The second contentious point in Article

XVII is the interpretation of the ambiguous phrase “of all its Members” in relation to the power of Congress to convene as a Constituent Assembly or to call a Constitutional Convention. Fr. Joaquin Bernas himself one of the Framers of the 1987 Constitution, admits th the problem arose due to mere oversight in the draftin

Apparently, Article XVII was drafted under the mood th the legislative body to be created later on would be a National Assembly. Eventually, the Framers voted 23-2 to drop the creation of a National Assembly and instea adopted the bicameral Congress with a Senate and a House of Representatives. When they went back to

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adjust Article XVII, they did manage to change â&#x20AC;&#x153;National Assemblyâ&#x20AC;? with â&#x20AC;&#x153;Congress,â&#x20AC;? but unfortunately neglected to provide whether the chambers of Congress would vote â&#x20AC;&#x153;separatelyâ&#x20AC;? or â&#x20AC;&#x153;jointly.â&#x20AC;? As Bernas opines, â&#x20AC;&#x153;The commission, concerned as it was with other issues, did not look back. Now we are left with the necessity of trying to construe the meaning of a constitutional provision originally designed for a unicameral legislature but now being placed at the service of a bicameral legislature.â&#x20AC;? This issue would surface in 2007 when leaders of the House of Representatives proposed to revise the Constitution over the Senateâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s objection. When it became apparent that the Senate would not cooperate, some House leaders suggested that the three-fourths vote required to convene Congress as a Constituent Assembly simply means joint-voting, i.e., three-fourths of 250 plus 24. This would obviously dilute the vote of the senators. Understandably, this proposal was rejected by the senators who insisted that each chamber of Congress must separately muster the three-fourths vote. This means that even if a three-fourths vote is reached in the House of Representatives, charter change would still not push through if they fail to get the vote of at least 18 senators. A congressman brought this issue to the Supreme Court, but the tribunal dismissed the petition for being premature. The House of Representatives would eventually drop their bid to exclude the Senate, averting a constitutional crisis. In the absence of a Supreme Court ruling on this matter, this question remains unsettled. Nonetheless, the opinion of the proponent of this ambiguous provision may carry some weight for curious minds such as ours. Bernas believes that a bicameral Congress should exercise their power under Article XVII â&#x20AC;&#x153;the way bicameral Congresses are expected to act,â&#x20AC;? i.e., to vote separately.

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Senator Santiago’s 7 points for considering charter cha For Senator Miriam DefensorSantiago, chairperson of the Senate Committee on Constitutional Amendments, the vision of the framers of the 1987 Constitution “was constrained by their environment at the time they wrote the document.” Santiago thus proposed seven points by which to assess the need to change the charter to it could truly be “a blueprint for a constitutional government, not an encyclopedia of how society should operate.” We quote Santiago’s ideas in verbatim: 1. We should shorten the Constitution. Ours is a constitution that is both noisy and verbose. It is full of too many grand statements that are the trademark of political speeches. A progressive constitution is one that focuses on political structures and actual mechanisms that operationalize those political structures. We must have a constitution that is both lean and meaningful. 2. The Constitution must have a working mechanism for initiative and referendum. This is a very important mechanism because initiative and referendum are constitutional processes that allow the people to

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continually update the constitution and force the hand of the legislature. /DZVWKDWDUHGLIÀFXOWWRSDVVVXFK as the Political Dynasty Law and the FOI Law can become realities with the proper use of initiative and referendum. These twin mechanisms also allow the citizens to directly participate in legislation, which is good because it makes our democracy more participatory. 3. We should look at the possibility of regionalizing both the Senate and the party-list system. This should respond to the problem of underrepresentation of certain regions of the country in the legislature. This might even undermine the power of nationallySRSXODUSXEOLFÀJXUHVZLWKOLWWOH TXDOLÀFDWLRQVIRULPSRUWDQWSXEOLF RIÀFHVWRJHWHOHFWHG5HJLRQDOL]LQJ the party list might also encourage local political organizations to bring their agenda before a national forum. 4. We should professionalize LPSRUWDQWORFDODQGQDWLRQDORIÀFHV E\LPSRVLQJDFDGHPLFTXDOLÀFDWLRQV If we require members of local and national bureaucracies to be degree holders, there is no reason why we should not do the same for mayors, governors, congress

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people, senators, and pres we want global competitive should require our leaders the very least, formally edu This is because education powerful constraint agains parochialism and a gatewa that can change communit best place to impose this r is in the Constitution.

5. We should limit the corru power of pork barrel in the Constitution. In my view, th barrel system has had the RILQÁDWLQJWKHFRVWRISXEO distracting legislators from real work, and unduly emp the executive department, detriment of the public and principle of separation of p We should place mechanis Constitution to ensure pork (1) does not line the pocke politicians, and (2) does no a discretionary fund that ca dangled by the President t transactional politics.

6. We should think of the p of removing from the Presi power to appoint members judiciary. Colonialism and i are the only reasons why w


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the President the power to appoint - and therefore politicize - judges. This just does not make any sense. Instead of just making the Judicial and Bar Council a recommending agency, why not give it the power WRDSSRLQW"&RXSOHWKLVUHIRUP with some measures to ensure the independence of the JBC and we might actually have a better shot at improving the judiciary. :HVKRXOGÃ&#x20AC;QGDEDODQFHEHWZHHQ the nationalist provisions of our Constitution and the demands of a global economy. We should ask: Are these nationalist provisions for the EHQHÃ&#x20AC;WRIWKHRUGLQDU\)LOLSLQRVRU WKHHFRQRPLFHOLWH"7RZKDWH[WHQW do these restrictions actually help promote our economy or even our FXOWXUH":KLFKDUHDVRIHFRQRPLFOLIH should we subject to the operations of the market economy and which VKRXOGZHSURWHFWIRUWKHEHQHÃ&#x20AC;W RIIXWXUHJHQHUDWLRQVRI)LOLSLQRV" Finally, which areas of the economy are best left to policymaking by Congress and which should be preFRPPLWWHGWKURXJKWKH&RQVWLWXWLRQ", think these questions are preliminary considerations to a rational and effective approach to the economic provisions of the Constitution.

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COOL

ŶĚǁŚĂƚĞǀĞƌĐŽŵĞƐŽƵƚŽĨƉƉůĞ͛ƐŚĞĂĚƋƵĂƌƚĞƌƐŝŶƵƉĞƌƟŶŽ͕ĂůŝĨŽƌŶŝĂ͕ďLJǁĂLJŽĨƉƌŽĚƵĐƚĂŶŶŽƵŶĐĞŵĞŶƚƐ ŽŶ^ĞƉƚ͘ϭϬ͕ƉĞŽƉůĞĂƌĞĂůƌĞĂĚLJǁĂŝƟŶŐ for  whatever  new  actual  product  might  arrive  at  Apple  stores  -­‐-­‐  per   ƚŚŝƐ^ĞƉƚ͘ϲVentureBeatĨĞĂƚƵƌĞʹĂŶĚƚŚŽƐĞŐƵLJƐĂƌĞĞƐƟŵĂƟŶŐƉƌŽĚƵĐƚĂƌƌŝǀĂůďLJ^ĞƉƚ͘ϮϬ͘

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37

perspective

EŽƚ&ŝŶĞ<ĞƩůĞ KŶ^ĞƉƚ͘ϲ͕ZĞƵƚĞƌƐƌĞƉŽƌƚĞĚƚŚĂƚ^ŽƵƚŚ<ŽƌĞĂǁĂƐĞdžƚĞŶĚŝŶŐŝƚƐďĂŶŽŶ:ĂƉĂŶĞƐĞĮƐŚŝŵƉŽƌƚƐ to   ĐŽǀĞƌĮƐŚĨƌŽŵĞŝŐŚƚ:ĂƉĂŶĞƐĞƉƌĞĨĞĐƚƵƌĞƐ͕ĨŽůůŽǁŝŶŐ͞ƐŚĂƌƉůLJŝŶĐƌĞĂƐĞĚĐŽŶĐĞƌŶŝŶƚŚĞ

ƉƵďůŝĐĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞŇŽǁŽĨŚƵŶĚƌĞĚƐŽĨƚŽŶŶĞƐŽĨĐŽŶƚĂŵŝŶĂƚĞĚǁĂƚĞƌŝŶƚŽƚŚĞ ŽĐĞĂŶ͟ĨƌŽŵƚŚĞdŽŬLJŽůĞĐƚƌŝĐWŽǁĞƌŽŵƉĂŶLJ;dWKͿƐŚƵƩĞƌĞĚŶƵĐůĞĂƌƉůĂŶƚĂƚ&ƵŬƵƐŚŝŵĂ.

dŚĞŝŶĚĞĮŶŝƚĞďĂŶ͕ǁŚŝĐŚǁĂƐƐĐŚĞĚƵůĞĚƚŽďĞŐŝŶ^ĞƉƚ͘ϵ͕ǁŝůůĐŽǀĞƌĂŶĞƐƟŵĂƚĞĚϱ͕ϬϬϬ ƚŽŶƐŽĨĮƐŚŝŵƉŽƌƚƐ͕ŽŶĞͲĞŝŐŚƚŚŽĨƚŚĞϰϬ͕ϬϬϬƚŽŶƐ^ŽƵƚŚ<ŽƌĞĂŝŵƉŽƌƚĞĚĨƌŽŵ Japan last  year.   ZĞƵƚĞƌƐƌĞƉŽƌƚĞĚƚŚĂƚzŽƐŚŝŚŝĚĞ^ƵŐĂ͕:ĂƉĂŶ͛ƐƚŽƉŐŽǀĞƌŶŵĞŶƚ ƐƉŽŬĞƐŵĂŶ͕ŝŶƐŝƐƚĞĚƚŚĂƚƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚƌLJ͛ƐĮƐŚĞƌLJĞdžƉŽƌƚƐǁĞƌĞƐĂĨĞĨŽƌ ĐŽŶƐƵŵƉƟŽŶ͕ǁŝƚŚƐƚƌŝŶŐĞŶƚŝŶƐƉĞĐƟŽŶƉƌŽĐĞĚƵƌĞƐŝŶƉůĂĐĞ͘͞tĞ ŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶƉƌŽǀŝĚŝŶŐƌĞůĞǀĂŶƚŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶƚŽƚŚĞ^ŽƵƚŚ<ŽƌĞĂŶ ŐŽǀĞƌŶŵĞŶƚ͙tĞǁŽƵůĚůŝŬĞ^ŽƵƚŚ<ŽƌĞĂƚŽƚĂŬĞƐƚĞƉƐďĂƐĞĚŽŶ ƐĐŝĞŶƟĮĐĞǀŝĚĞŶĐĞ͕͟^ƵŐĂǁĂƐƋƵŽƚĞĚĂƐƐĂLJŝŶŐ͘ ĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐƚŽƚŚĞZĞƵƚĞƌƐƌĞƉŽƌƚ͕dWKŚĂĚĂŶŶŽƵŶĐĞĚŝŶƵŐƵƐƚ ƚŚĂƚϯϬϬƚŽŶƐŽĨƚŽdžŝĐǁĂƚĞƌůĞĂŬĞĚĨƌŽŵŽŶĞŽĨŚƵŶĚƌĞĚƐŽĨƚĂŶŬƐ ĂƐƐĞŵďůĞĚƚŽƐƚŽƌĞĐŽŶƚĂŵŝŶĂƚĞĚƌƵŶͲŽī͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞĐŽŵƉĂŶLJŚĂƐ ƐŝŶĐĞĨŽƵŶĚƌĂĚŝĂƟŽŶŚŽƚƐƉŽƚƐŝŶƚŚƌĞĞŽƚŚĞƌŚŽůĚŝŶŐĂƌĞĂƐ͘dŚĞ Japanese  government,  for  its  part,  was  reported  to  have  pledged   ŶĞĂƌůLJŚĂůĨĂďŝůůŝŽŶĚŽůůĂƌƐƚŽŚĞůƉdWKƚƌLJƚŽĐŽŶƚĂŝŶƚŚĞ contaminated  water.   /ŶůĂƚĞ:ƵůLJ͕dWKŽĸĐŝĂůƐĂĐŬŶŽǁůĞĚŐĞĚƚŚĂƚƌĂĚŝŽĂĐƟǀĞǁĂƚĞƌ from  the  damaged  reactors  was  likely  to  have  seeped  into  the  plant’s   underground  water  system  and  escaped  into  the  sea,  following  previous   ƉĞƌƐŝƐƚĞŶƚĚĞŶŝĂůƐĨƌŽŵƚŚĞĐŽŵƉĂŶLJŝŶƌĞƐƉŽŶƐĞƚŽŶƵĐůĞĂƌŽĸĐŝĂůƐ͛ĂŶĚ experts’  suspicions  of  a  leak  since  early  on  in  the  crisis,  per  a  ,ƵĸŶŐƚŽŶWŽƐƚ   report. “tĞĂƌĞǀĞƌLJƐŽƌƌLJĨŽƌĐĂƵƐŝŶŐĐŽŶĐĞƌŶƐ͘tĞŚĂǀĞŵĂĚĞĞīŽƌƚƐŶŽƚ ƚŽĐĂƵƐĞĂŶLJůĞĂŬƚŽƚŚĞŽƵƚƐŝĚĞ͕ďƵƚǁĞŵŝŐŚƚŚĂǀĞĨĂŝůĞĚƚŽĚŽƐŽ͕͟dWK ƐƉŽŬĞƐŵĂŶDĂƐĂLJƵŬŝKŶŽǁĂƐƋƵŽƚĞĚĂƐƐĂLJŝŶŐĂƚƚŚĞƟŵĞ͘,ĞĂůƐŽŵĂŝŶƚĂŝŶĞĚƚŚĂƚƚŚĞƌĂĚŝŽĂĐƟǀĞ ǁĂƚĞƌƐĂŵƉůĞƐĂƌĞďĞůŝĞǀĞĚƚŽůĂƌŐĞůLJĐŽŵĞĨƌŽŵŝŶŝƟĂůůĞĂŬƐƚŚĂƚŚĂǀĞƌĞŵĂŝŶĞĚƐŝŶĐĞĞĂƌůŝĞƌŝŶƚŚĞ

CONTENTS

FINANCE

TECHNOLOGY

LIFESTYLE

NATION


38

ĞŽĨ&ŝƐŚŝŶ:ĂƉĂŶ ĐƌŝƐŝƐ͕ƚŚĂƚƚŚĞůĞĂŬŚĂƐƐƚĂLJĞĚŶĞĂƌƚŚĞƉůĂŶƚŝŶƐŝĚĞƚŚĞďĂLJ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĂƚŽĸĐŝĂůƐďĞůŝĞǀĞǀĞƌLJůŝƩůĞŚĂƐ ƐƉƌĞĂĚĨƵƌƚŚĞƌŝŶƚŽƚŚĞWĂĐŝĮĐKĐĞĂŶ͘ ƚƚŚĞƟŵĞ͕dWKƌĞƉŽƌƚĞĚůLJƌĞǀĞĂůĞĚƚŽƚŚĞ:ĂƉĂŶĞƐĞŵĞĚŝĂŝƚƐĐŽŶƚĂŝŶŵĞŶƚƐƚƌĂƚĞŐLJ͕ǁŚŝĐŚ ŝŶǀŽůǀĞƐŝŶũĞĐƟŶŐĐŚĞŵŝĐĂůƐŽůƵƟŽŶŝŶƚŽƚŚĞĐŽĂƐƚůŝŶĞĞŵďĂŶŬŵĞŶƚƚŽƐŽůŝĚŝĨLJƵŶĚĞƌŐƌŽƵŶĚ structure and  block  contaminated  underground  water  from  escaping  into  sea,  which   ƌĞƉŽƌƚĞĚůLJĚŝĚŶ͛ƚŝŵƉƌĞƐƐĞƉƵƚLJ/ŶĚƵƐƚƌLJDŝŶŝƐƚĞƌ<ĂnjƵLJŽƐŚŝŬĂďĂ͘͞DĂŶLJ

ƚŚŝŶŐƐŚĂǀĞĨĂůůĞŶĂƐƚĞƉďĞŚŝŶĚ͘zŽƵƐŚŽƵůĚďĞĂŚĞĂĚŽĨƚŚĞ ĐƵƌǀĞƚŽĨŽƌĞƐĞĞƌŝƐŬƐĂŶĚƚĂŬĞŵĞĂƐƵƌĞƐ,” Akaba  was  reported   ĂƐƚĞůůŝŶŐdWKŽĸĐŝĂůƐ͘

The ,ƵĸŶŐƚŽŶWŽƐƚ  report  also  had  marine  biologists  warning  that   ƌĂĚŝŽĂĐƟǀĞǁĂƚĞƌŵŝŐŚƚďĞůĞĂŬŝŶŐĐŽŶƟŶƵŽƵƐůLJŝŶƚŽƚŚĞƐĞĂĨƌŽŵ ƚŚĞƵŶĚĞƌŐƌŽƵŶĚ͕ďĂƐĞĚŽŶƚŚĞĚŝƐĐŽǀĞƌLJŽĨŚŝŐŚƌĂĚŝŽĂĐƟǀŝƚLJŝŶ ĮƐŚƐĂŵƉůĞƐƚĂŬĞŶŶĞĂƌƚŚĞƉůĂŶƚ͘dŚĞƌĞƉŽƌƚĂůƐŽĞŶĚĞĚǁŝƚŚ KŶŽ͛ƐĂŶŶŽƵŶĐĞŵĞŶƚƚŚĂƚĂŶĞƐƟŵĂƚĞĚϭ͕ϵϳϮƉůĂŶƚǁŽƌŬĞƌƐ͕ϭϬй of  those  checked,  had  thyroid  exposure  doses  exceeding  100   millisieverts  –  a  threshold  for  increased  risk  of  developing  cancer,   ĐůĂƌŝĨLJŝŶŐŽƌĐŽƌƌĞĐƟŶŐƚŚĞƉƌĞǀŝŽƵƐĮŐƵƌĞŐŝǀĞŶŽĨϭϳϴǁŽƌŬĞƌƐ ďĂƐĞĚŽŶĂĐŚĞĐŬŽĨϱϮϮǁŽƌŬĞƌƐ͕ǁŚŝĐŚdWKŚĂĚƌĞƉŽƌƚĞĚƚŽ ƚŚĞtŽƌůĚ,ĞĂůƚŚKƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶůĂƐƚLJĞĂƌ͘ Meanwhile,  an  ƵŐ͘ϯϭEEĞǁƐƌĞƉŽƌƚ  discusses  a  new  study’s   ĮŶĚŝŶŐƐƚŚĂƚĂƌĂĚŝŽĂĐƟǀĞƉůƵŵĞŽĨǁĂƚĞƌĨƌŽŵ&ƵŬƵƐŚŝŵĂĐŽƵůĚ ƌĞĂĐŚhŶŝƚĞĚ^ƚĂƚĞƐĐŽĂƐƚĂůǁĂƚĞƌƐďLJĞĂƌůLJϮϬϭϰĂŶĚƉĞĂŬďLJϮϬϭϲ͕ ǀŝĂƚŚĞWĂĐŝĮĐKĐĞĂŶ͘dŚĞƐƚƵĚLJĂůƐŽĨŽƵŶĚƚŚĂƚƚǁŽŽĐĞĂŶĐƵƌƌĞŶƚƐ ŽīƚŚĞĞĂƐƚĞƌŶĐŽĂƐƚŽĨ:ĂƉĂŶͶƚŚĞ<ƵƌŽƐŚŝŽƵƌƌĞŶƚĂŶĚƚŚĞ<ƵƌŽƐŚŝŽ džƚĞŶƐŝŽŶͶŚĂǀĞĚŝůƵƚĞĚƚŚĞƌĂĚŝŽĂĐƟǀĞŵĂƚĞƌŝĂůƐŽŵƵĐŚƚŚĂƚŝƚƐ ĐŽŶĐĞŶƚƌĂƟŽŶĨĞůůǁĞůůďĞůŽǁƚŚĞtŽƌůĚ,ĞĂůƚŚKƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶ͛ƐƐĂĨĞƚLJůĞǀĞůƐ   within  four  months  of  the  Fukushima  incident.   dŽǁŚŝĐŚǁĞŵŝŐŚƚƐĂLJ͕ǁĞůůĂŶĚŐŽŽĚĨŽƌƉĞŽƉůĞůŝǀŝŶŐŝŶƚŚĞ^ƚĂƚĞƐ͕ďƵƚŐŝǀĞŶƚŚĞĐŽŶƟŶƵŝŶŐ ĚĂŶŐĞƌ͕ĂŶĚdWK͛ƐƵŶĞŶĐŽƵƌĂŐŝŶŐďĞůĂƚĞĚĂĚŵŝƐƐŝŽŶƐʹŶŽƚƚŽŵĞŶƟŽŶŽĸĐŝĂůƐŬĞƉƟĐŝƐŵʹ ƉĞƌŚĂƉƐŝƚ͛ƐũƵƐƚĂƐǁĞůůƚŚĂƚƉĞŽƉůĞĂŶĚĐŽƵŶƚƌŝĞƐĐůŽƐĞƌƚŽ&ƵŬƵƐŚŝŵĂĐŽŶƟŶƵĞƚŽƚĂŬĞƉƌĞĐĂƵƟŽŶƐ ƉĞƌƚĂŝŶŝŶŐƚŽĮƐŚĐĂƵŐŚƚŽīƚŚĞ&ƵŬƵƐŚŝŵĂĐŽĂƐƚ͘

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