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Get in the holiday spirit with the history of Christmas, p. 4

CARROLL NEWS THE

Thursday, December 12, 2013

The Student Voice of John Carroll University Since 1925

Under the gun

Vol. 90, No. 11

John Carroll University arms JCU Police Department Alexandra Higl Arts & Life Editor

On Thursday, Dec. 5, John Carroll University Campus Safety Services announced that it was becoming an armed campus police department. The Office of the President released a statement from the Rev. Robert L. Niehoff, S.J. announcing CSS will be renamed the John Carroll University Police Department and will exercise its right to carry guns. The changes, financed by the overall University budget, will be enacted on Jan. 1, 2014. Faculty, staff and students have anticipated this announcement ever since the proposal was first revealed back in October 2012. In the message from the president emailed to JCU faculty, staff and students at JCU, Niehoff stated: “The decisions first to train and now arm campus police officers is the culmination of analysis and reflection.” According to University Heights Mayor Susan Infeld, the city has been working with the University for the past three years in accordance with a mutual aid agreement struck between the two entities. Under the agreement, the city and the University conducted joint training and consulted with one another on safety and security

policies. Niehoff approached Infeld to weigh the positives and negatives of arming campus police. “Rev. Robert Niehoff, S.J. recognized a need to keep students safe on campus because of so many incidents of violence on college campuses,” said Infeld. “Part of the mutual aid agreement was to meet this need.” After several meetings between Niehoff and Infeld, as well as UH’s Chief of Police Steven Hammett and Director of Campus Safety Services Timothy Peppard, the team decided arming campus police officers would create a safer atmosphere for JCU students, faculty, staff and administrators. Vice President for Student Affairs Mark McCarthy said one of the University’s main focuses over the last few years has been moving the overall safety and security force to one that was much more skilled – resembling a comprehensive police model. “When Chief Peppard was appointed to being the chief of Campus Safety Services, there were a great deal of acts of violence happening on campuses across the country,” said McCarthy. In an email released from JCU’s Media Relations department, Chief Peppard said that

the University hired him with the intention of building up the police force on campus. “I was directed to create a plan to transition to a more comprehensive policing model about five years ago,” said Peppard. “There was a certain percentage of the officers that were Ohio certified police officers, but there were also a lot that were not. Some have left and others have gone through the police academy. It was a conscious effort to build the skill set and the experience of the professionalization of the overall Campus Safety Services.” Since then, the University has been taking steps to have stronger training and development for all of the new officers and certify all of them under the state of Ohio. All 17 officers certified as Peace Officers – or law enforcement officers – in the State of Ohio will be armed with a handgun at all times while on duty. “We have sworn, trained police officers who we are asking to keep our campus and community safe,” said Garry Homany, director of regulatory affairs and risk management, through an emailed statement. “We must give them the tools needed to protect us and keep themselves safe.” Both Hammett and Infeld said JCU’s statutory police agency has the same rights as any

other police department. “As a recognized police force, JCU’s campus police already had the ability and authority to exercise carrying firearms,” said Infeld. “If the campus police encounter someone who’s armed, they’re at a disadvantage.” Hammett not only recognized JCU’s need for the officers to carry firearms, but their right in accordance to state law. “As a statutory police agency that’s responsible for protecting the campus, they should be armed with any equipment to protect the student body, staff and visitors of John Carroll,” said Hammett. Richard Clark, criminologist and associate professor of sociology and criminology at JCU, agreed that it’s time for campus police to be armed. “If there’s a shooter on campus, what are they supposed to do? Remain defenseless?” said Clark. “They’re police officers. They have training – and a lot of them are auxiliary officers. I see no downside to arming them.” McCarthy said the decision to implement firearms on campus was made in order to strengthen safety and security measures on campus. “Ever since Virginia Tech and high school

Please see GUNS, p. 3

Digging deeper into diversity: Studying and drilling Student veteran population at JCU growing The year in review Molly Wilson

The Carroll News

Jackie Mitchell Campus Editor

In the past year, John Carroll University has zeroed in on making significant strides to increase and promote diversity on campus. These endeavors have been carried out by many facets of the University, from student-run organizations to the Center for Service and Social Action. The University is currently searching for the optimum candidate to fill the position of assistant provost for diversity, but there have also been other important changes implemented around campus to facilitate diversity. “We know empirically from research done by lots of folks as a University from a learning point of view that having people with different perspectives, different backgrounds, different ideas … will further develop the kind of dialogue, the kind of exchanges on campus and enhance critical thinking,” said Lauren Bowen, associate academic VP chair of the Diversity Steering Committee. “So I think learning is deeper when you have diversity.” According to Bowen, JCU’s enrollment division has worked to diversify the student body on the basis of race as well as experience. More international students and student veterans are attending the University than ever before. The University has also diversified the number of students who practice different religions. “Hillel is really on the rise here at John Carroll University in terms of its growing student population,” said senior David Markovich, Student Union chair of diversity and president of Hillel, the student Jewish society. “Our events have reached 200 or more students.” Five years ago, just nine percent of faculty identified as faculty of color, as opposed to the 16 percent who do now. “You can change the demographics, but unless there’s some intentionality about folks feeling included and as though they have a place and a voice on campus, then I don’t think diversity’s going to matter a whole lot,” said Bowen. “And so there have been a variety of programs through the Center for Student Diversity and Inclusion and through the interfaith programs run out of the Center for Service and Social Action.”

Index

Campus Arts & Life Sports Finance

Please see DIVERSITY, p. 2 2 5 9 12

World News Diversions Editorial Op/Ed Classifieds

14 16 17 18 20

Inside this issue: Honoring a legend: the life and legacy of Nelson Mandela, p. 14

Like many college freshmen, Garrett Lee walked onto John Carroll University’s campus a few short months ago, nervous and filled with uncertainty. He asked himself questions such as, “What am I doing?” and “Why am I here?” Unlike most college freshmen, though, Lee had just turned 23 years old and had not written a paper or solved a math problem in almost five years. Instead, he had split that time living in Turkey, England and Afghanistan coordinating fuel refills for planes in the Air Force. Lee has a long family history of military service as his father, both of his grandfathers and several uncles had served. His decision to join the military was cemented on Sept. 11, 2001, a day he vividly remembers. With one year left in his deployment, Lee was then faced with the decision whether or not to reenlist. While he is proud to have served in the Air Force, Lee felt it was time to get an education and see what else he could offer to the world. “War is hell – I should see what else is out there,” he said of his decision. Lee is not the only veteran adjusting from the military to life as a student. JCU has a steadily growing number of veterans enrolling. In 2011, there were only eight student veterans on campus, and as of fall 2013 that number has gone up to 58 students, with more veterans signed up for both spring and fall 2014 semesters. The main reason behind this large increase in student veterans is the creation of the post 9/11 G.I. Bill. Since 1947, the G.I. Bill had been assisting former military in attending college, but up until 2009 the bill was not keeping up with the costs of higher education. The post 9/11 G.I. Bill was designed to cover the tuition of most state schools anywhere in the country, providing a maximum of $19,198.31 per

Find us online

Please see VETS, p.2

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The Carroll News

JCU’s initiative to increase diversity on campus reaps results From DIVERSITY, p.1

Campus Briefs

Student Union reimburses RTA passes Student Union is sponsoring the reimbursement of RTA passes for up to $10 for Christmas Break. Directions on how to fill out the reimbursement forms and information about the bus routes can be found on the Student Union website: www.jcu.edu/su.

JCU celebrates Christmas spirit with Christmas Carroll Eve

jcu.edu

On Saturday, Dec. 14, John Carroll University will celebrate the holiday spirit through Christmas Carroll Eve. The event will host a variety of holiday events throughout the night. 6:30 p.m. Musical Concert: Held in LSC Conference Room. Features JCU Schola Cantorum, Sweet Carrollines, Jazz Band and Dance Ensemble. Free admission. 7:30 p.m. Home for the Holidays!: Held in LSC Atrium. Features holiday karaoke, reading of “The Grinch Who Stole Christmas” and holiday games. 8:30 p.m. Procession to Mass: Starting in the LSC Atrium, a candlelit procession to the Church of the Gesu. Once at Mass, a Christmas carol sing-along will be held before the Mass at 9 p.m. 10 p.m. Late Night Feast: Held in the Schott Dining Hall. Holiday treats will be provided and a game of Bingo will be played. Admittance with JCU ID or concert or Mass program.

JCU Hillel serves traditional Hanukkah dish On Thursday, Dec. 5, members of John Carroll University’s Hillel passed out potato pancakes to celebrate Hanukkah in the LSC Atrium. Senior David Markovich, current president of Hillel, said that the goal was to connect Jewish JCU students and to provide a means of education for nonJewish students.

The CSDI was developed three years ago to support students from underrepresented populations on campus. This year, the center implemented Safe Zone training, which offers a supportive environment for LGBT students on campus. Those who undergo training are able to develop the skills to assist anyone that identifies as LGBT, and then to be able to provide support for those students. “Most of the time, they just want someone to listen or to bounce ideas off someone, talk about if they’re out or not and what that would feel like for them,” said Danielle Carter, director of the CSDI. Carter cites the Stand Up to Bias campaign as one of the most important things that the center has implemented this year in terms of diversity. The campaign was developed two years ago but is constantly evolving and reaching out to different student, faculty and staff groups. “We celebrate people from all backgrounds and what everyone brings to the University and that we will not tolerate bias and discrimination and hate on our campus,” said Carter. “We’ve expanded really sophisticated bystander intervention training offered around the issue of interpersonal violence,” said Bowen. “We’ve expanded that and made it available to all staff as well to talk about how to interrupt any kind of bias or marginalization.” Carter encourages students to help promote diversity by attending sponsored events and programs on campus. She said that while student attendance has been high in past years at these events, this year the turnout has not been as overwhelming. “We offer things where all you have to do

is show up and listen,” said Carter. “And then we offer things where you actually interact and discuss and dialogue about different topics. And then we offer training. So I would say taking advantage of any of those opportunities will help students to create a more welcoming environment that celebrates diversity and multiculturalism on campus. Having diversity on campus allows everyone to have different perspectives and a platform for discussion of those perspectives … And I think the perfect place to do that is a college campus because we have a captive audience that we know is going to go out into the world and make changes and make it a better place.” Intercultural Communications, a course taught by EunJeong Han, features a service learning component that teams students up with Us Together, an agency that helps find jobs for refugees from Iraq and Nepal. “The class has taught me how to look through the different ‘lens’ in culture,” said junior Marlie Ahola. “I met a refugee couple during service this semester,” said junior Courtney Radtkin, who is also enrolled in the course. “They showed me pictures of where they have lived throughout their journey of being refugees. They showed me pictures of their family. They talked about their desire for education and a good life for their children. This family from across the world has the same deep desires as anyone else may have. Some people are more lucky than others, but in the end we all have the same deep rooted desires and reasons for living.” The Center for Service and Social Action provides opportunities for students to meet others from different backgrounds. “I think one of the things that we try to do

is find opportunities for students to engage in service that challenges their lived experience, with people who have a different lived experience than our students would have, whether its age, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, race and ability,” said Margaret Finucane, director of CSSA. “And so in some way, you’re working with someone whose perspective and life experience is different than your own so that it challenges you to think about the world in a different way and to think about what it means to negotiate everyday life from a different perspective.” Despite all of the work that the University has done in the past year, many believe that there is always room for improvement in terms of diversity. “Speaking from my perspective, John Carroll has created a diverse environment on campus, and they’ve been nothing but welcoming towards me and my organization,” said Markovich. “And from what I’ve seen with other organizations on campus. But I think there’s always room for improvement. There’s always room for more mutual respect and tolerance towards other cultures and races.” “I would say, overall, I can tell the campus tries, but I would like them to try a lot more,” said junior Taylor Hartman, president of Allies, the LGBTQ organization on campus. “It’s hard because being here for three years now, I can tell that there’s a stigma towards certain people, and predominantly this campus is more white, middle-to-upper class, Christian, and that can come off as unbecoming of the whole campus because it doesn’t entail the whole campus community. So I think that they try to welcome people, and I think that they try to promote diversity, but they can do it in more ways.”

John Carroll University works to accommodate student veterans From VETS, p.1

year for qualifying veterans. This amount does appear to exclude most private universities, so the Veteran’s Administration added the Yellow Ribbon program in which each college can choose to opt into, which JCU decided to do. As a result of this, JCU student veterans receive an additional $7,640.85 per year. JCU has also established the Patriot Award that will match the amount of the Yellow Ribbon award for each student. In total, this means every qualifying veteran at JCU receives $34,480.00 each year for a total of four years, essentially covering the cost of tuition. Retired Lt. Col. Eric Patterson, the director of veteran’s affairs in JCU’s Veterans’ Program, was instrumental in the University’s decision to go forth with the Yellow Ribbon program. After starting at JCU in 2007 as a professor of military science and then returning to work after a year of deployment in February 2011, Patterson felt the University would be a great place for veterans to continue their education. “I took what was already the essence of what it is to be part of the John Carroll community – that sense of family, caring and I ran that through the magnifying lens and it gave me the vision of how all-encompassing our student

Courtesy of JCU Veterans Club

Students at JCU Veterans’ Club table at Relay for Life in April. veteran program needed to be,” he said. The average student veteran at JCU is 26 years old, male and married with one or two children. They have typically been deployed overseas at least twice within a three to four year period. Only four of the 58 student veterans are female. Patterson, along with several other members of the JCU community, have helped create a veterans program that attempts to create as smooth of a transition as possible from military to college life. The program incorporates a number of different elements, including granting academic credit for previous military training, something

Campus Safety Log

December 6, 2013 Student consumed about 10 alcoholic shots in a short time period and reported numbness and tingling in Sutowski Hall at 2:22 a.m. December 8, 2013 Marijuana violation was reported in Campion Hall at 12:06 a.m. Fire alarm was pulled in Campion Hall at 4:37 a.m. These incidents are taken from the files of Campus Safety Services, located in the lower level of the Lombardo Student Center. For more information, contact x1615.

Patterson explained. In the military, an individual’s day is planned out for them from the moment they wake up until they are excused and allowed to leave. In college, the student makes up his or her own schedule. Krysta Kurzynski, assistant director of veterans affairs, helps veterans adjust to their new civilian life as a student. She is available to all veterans if they need counseling, runs several workshops during the year on different topics for the students and teaches a newly designed course that teaches new veterans on campus how to adjust to a less-structured schedule and be successful in the classroom after a long absence from school. Kurzynski is concerned with creating an environment in which the student veteran can succeed in and one that will utilize the G.I. Bill benefits he or she has earned. While the veteran can use their G.I. Bill at any point, as well as take time off in between semesters, these benefits can only be used once so it is essential that the student chooses a major early on that will best suit his or her skill set.

that had not been done in the past. The average veteran will receive approximately 8-12 credits from previous experience, most often in the subjects of military science, physical education, logistics and physics. The veterans program also includes an add-on session for orientation in which students can meet their fellow veterans on campus, a free commuter meal plan and the option of renting a Fairmount Circle apartment at a reduced rate. “This could be awkward for them – they’re used to a totally different daily structure and they could still be trying to process any traumatic experiences they For the complete article, visit may have had while deployed,” jcunews.com

UHPD Crime Blotter

November 29, 2013 Theft from unlocked vehicles of residents of Miramar Boulevard, Lalemant and Loyola Roads were reported in morning. November 30, 2013 30-year-old man was reported missing at 9:30 p.m. Missing man was found and picked up by Brook Park Police on multiple charges. December 1, 2013 Burglary of Children’s Optical on Warrensville Center Road at 2:35 p.m.

Incidents taken from the University Heights police blotter at Cleveland.com.


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www.jcunews.com

Who let the wolves out? Wolves have always been an integral and historic element of John Carroll University’s identity Abigail Rings Campus Editor

As part of the John Carroll University seal, wolves have always been a large part of the JCU identity. Live wolves at football games and an on-campus bar called the Wolf and Pot are just some of the ways that the wolf was an integral part of the JCU tradition in years past. The seal of JCU is an adaptation of the Loyola family coat of arms which features two shields, one with two wolves with a pot in between them and another with diagonal stripes. The meaning of the two wolves and the pot has symbolism that ties into the mission of JCU and the Jesuits. “It was said of the Ignatian family that they were so generous that after everyone was fed, there was still enough in the pot for the wolves,” said Peter Bernardo, senior director of Philanthropic Relations at JCU. “The ‘Lobo Y Olla’ is Spanish for wolf and pot. However, in the Basque it means a place of fertile ground; both are great models for JCU.” The two wolves are the mascots of JCU, a male and female named Lobo and Lola, respectively, and the University used to rent a pair of wolves for sports games and pep rallies for $150 a semester from a man in Richfield, Ohio. “At Homecoming we would fence them in [by the football field],” said Bernardo. “They were very friendly, you could pet them and everything. He would bring them out here and people would ask about him and the wolves and he would sell pups. We have had them for a long time and we used them mostly for football.” The wolves stayed in their pen and they were fairly well adjusted to having people around. The only thing the wolves did not like was when JCU’s mascot, which looked somewhat like Disney’s “Big Bad Wolf,”came on to the field. “The wolves would go to the other side of their pen and kind of shy away and shake. They really did not like our mascot,” said Bernardo. The wolves disappeared as mascots briefly after Bernardo changed positions in 1998 from alumni director to working in the Office of Development. “The new alumni director was not big on wolves, so the wolves left and then we had a period when the wolves were forgotten,” said Bernardo. “Then Mary Lavin came on board [in 2007] and she worked with the alumni board and brought it back.” The Blue Streaks’ name came from a Plain Dealer reporter in the 1930s who said that the football team “ran around like Blue Streaks,” noting the color of the uniforms. The name stuck, and JCU students have been known as the Blue Streaks ever since, but they never lost

the wolf as a symbol. Not only did the University as a whole adopt the wolf, but various organizations took ownership of the symbol as well. Bernardo used to be a professor of military science, and when the Brigade for ROTC visited, they said that they wanted everyone to adopt a moniker of some sort. Bernardo, knowing the significance of the wolf to JCU, submitted “the wolfpack” for the ROTC program. Stefano Deleidi, a JCU student who was part of ROTC, designed the Wolfpack Battalion symbol. John J. McCluskey, assistant professor of military science, said that the wolfpack name will stay as long as the current JCU logo stays. While there are plans to work on rebranding themselves as “Cleveland’s Army ROTC Battalion,” the mascot name will be maintained. The wolves were also integrated into locations on campus, such as the former Wolf and Pot bar. The student-run bar was located where the Inn Between is now. Up until 1982, Ohio law allowed 18-year-olds to drink beer with an alcohol content of 3.2 percent, which the Wolf and Pot served. Student Union ran the bar and was able to keep any profit they made after buying food and beer and paying the employees. “We had 3.2 percent beer on campus and the students gathered at the Wolf and Pot and it used to be a roaring place,” said Bernardo. “It also served sandwiches, hot dogs and hamburgers. They would have music and show football and basketball games. It was lot of fun.” Current students say that they have not noticed a strong tie to the wolf at JCU. Both sophomore Christian Brandetsas and senior Alex Cavasini said they have noticed the wolves, but have not identified any strong connection between JCU and wolves. But students said that the wolf made sense as a part of JCU’s identity. “We stay together. Even after graduation, wandering from the pack, we are still and always will be one pack because no one is ever let go from the JCU community,” said Brandetsas. “I think the wolf symbol says that JCU has strong, motivated students who go for what they want,” said Cavasini. Bernardo said that the wolf is an important tradition at JCU and is something that the University community can rally around. “You have to instill a spirit and tradition in your people, because they won’t stick together unless you do,” said Bernardo. “You have to instill in them a sense of tradition so that they don’t want to let down. You will find that when times get tough and the chips are down, that is what holds the team together. You have to create a tradition. You have to create a spirit.”

Students and faculty raise concerns about armed officers on John Carroll University campus

From GUNS, p.1

situations such as Chardon High School, the most critical factor is being able to respond to the highest level of emergency,” said McCarthy. Since Niehoff’s statement was released to the JCU community, McCarthy said the Office of the President has received little reaction. “There were four emails to the President’s office within the day the announcement came out,” said McCarthy. “Three of them were supportive and thanking the president for making the decision. One of them wasn’t supportive. The one that wasn’t supportive focused on the Catholic mission and peace.” Before the University passed the proposal to arm campus police, the administration looked at other institutions with similar demographics to JCU, as well as other Jesuit universities. “Most of the Jesuit universities’ campuses do have police that carry guns,” said McCarthy. “For example, Marquette University has been armed for over 10 years.” Similarly, JCU’s neighbor, Notre Dame College, has had an armed police force for over eight years. “The College endorses this policy for its Ohio Certified Peace Officers to support their work of protecting the safety of students, staff, faculty and visitors to campus,” said NDC Chief of Police Jeffrey Scott. Another smaller Ohio college, Marietta College, has an armed police force. Marietta’s campus underwent a similar process as JCU. “Before we armed the Marietta College Police Department, every officer went through rigorous training and exceeded the criteria established by most city police departments,” said Chief of Marietta College Police Department Jim Weaver. “It was important to show our campus partners that we understood the importance of being armed and also that we were highly skilled. To be able to fully protect the Marietta College campus, we needed to have the tools to do our job to the fullest, and that includes being armed.” Other local colleges, such as Baldwin Wallace University, have argued against arming campus police forces. “People are afraid because it destroys the sense that a college campus is different,” said Clark. “In an ideal world, you don’t need police officers on campus with guns.” Students, staff and faculty have expressed concerns. McGinn has been vocal about her opposition to the proposal since its initial announcement last year. One of her main concerns deals with storing the guns. “Security is never 100 percent,” said McGinn. “I under-

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stand Chief Peppard is doing all sorts of precautions. We’ve talked about it. But, there’s just no way to make sure somebody won’t be able to break in. People are clever. Especially people on a mission.” McCarthy assured the JCU community that storing the guns in a safe place was all part of the planning process, and the weapons will be stored in a secured location on campus monitored 24/7 by cameras. Many have also questioned what the protocol is for pulling a firearm on a student. Sophomore Jane Kosko is anxious about an officer pulling a gun on a student. “I’m concerned because I get nervous about students who are drinking and they’re walking around, and the cop doesn’t know they’re a student and a cop pulls their gun out,” said Kosko. Senior Michael Hager expressed his confusion and concerns about the new changes. “I just don’t understand why they feel it’s a necessity to have,” said Hager. “I’m afraid they’re going to shoot some drunk student some day.” McCarthy said he wants the community to know an officer will only pull a firearm in the absolute worst case scenario. “The University worked diligently with a University Heights police consultant and former director of the United States Secret Service to create a use of force policy,” said McCarthy. The other part of the University’s use of force policy includes how they will respond when a weapon is pulled. “One of the things we wanted to do is have an external person in case that happens,” said McCarthy. “That person will be chief of police for University Heights. He will conduct the investigation if a weapon is ever drawn or utilized.” McCarthy also addressed students’ concerns about how campus police will handle intoxicated students. “I can’t imagine an officer pulling a gun on an intoxicated student. The manner in which they respond now is how they will respond then,” said McCarthy. “The officers will continue to carry additional defensive weapons including batons and pepper spray, but having firearms allow us the capacity to respond quickly and accurately.” Although one of the primary intentions behind this initiative is to create a safer and more secure campus, some students don’t feel any safer with these new precautions. Hager expressed his doubts about the guns adding to a safer

feel throughout campus. “I don’t agree with the decision, and I don’t think it will make students feeling any safer,” said Hager. However, other faculty, staff and students, such as Clark, see the need for this extra means of security. “Crime is down, violent crime is down and gun crime is down,” said Clark. “On the other hand, it still happens. Mass shootings have gone up. The greatest fear is a mass shooting – someone who is out to do a lot of damage.” Although some students don’t feel any safer on campus, others are appreciative that campus police are prepared for any potential threats. “I think it’s a good idea in case there’s someone we don’t want on campus and they’re equipped to take care of them,” said sophomore Sarah Price. “A lot of bigger schools arm their campus police, so I don’t think it’s a problem.” Sophomore Kevin Vogl has taken a similar stance. “If the circumstances ever came down to it, at least we are prepared to handle that sort of thing. If there was an armed gunman on campus, at least we have the necessary tools to fight back,” said Vogl. “Although you never want to look at the worst possible situation, I think it would be naïve not to do that at times,” said McCarthy. Some students, including Hager, have also raised questions why the campus needs an armed police force when UHPD is within such close proximity. McCarthy recognized that the city’s police forces are nearby, but stressed the University’s goal to handle crime as efficiently as possible. “UHPD are not that far away,” McCarthy said. “But seconds count. That’s been proven over time and time again on various incidents that occur here. For us to have an incident on campus and our campus safety officers to not be equipped or respond to protect the community at large as quickly as possible puts us at risk of the greatest loss there could be – the loss of life.” Although administration and many faculty, staff and students recognize weapons will only be used in the worst possible circumstance, they want others to realize that acts of violence occur. “You can’t live in a bubble and think it doesn’t happen,” said Clark. “It happens, and you have to be prepared.

Campus Calendar : Dec. 12 - 18

Thursday

Rhapsody Blue concert in the Underground from 8 to 9 p.m.

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Friday

Last day of classes

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Saturday

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Sunday

Christmas Carroll Eve Mass in St. Francis in LSC conference chapel at 6 p.m. and room from 7 p.m. to 10 p.m. 1 a.m.

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Monday

Finals week begins

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Tuesday

Therapy dogs in Grasselli Library and Breen Learning Center from 2 to 4 p.m.

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Wednesday

Allies sponsored Crayon Night in LSC Atrium at 8 p.m.


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The Carroll News

www.jcunews.com

A Brief History of Christmas Compiled by Samantha Clark and Abigial Rings Whenever Christmas is brought up in conversation, it brings with it images of cuddling next to a cozy fire while it lightly snows outside, presents under the lit tree and loved ones having a merry time. While these images have long been seen as the standard for the Christmas season, it may surprise you to know that Christmas didn’t start out this way.

In 1822, a wealthy New York City landowner and cleric by the name of Clement Clark Moore wrote the classic poem “A Visit from Saint Nicholas” for his children. This poem portrayed a poor, dirty peddler entering a home uninvited. This marked a significant change for Christmas, as this poem changed the focus of concern for the helpless to the children and moved giftgiving from December 6 (St. Nicholas Day) to December 24. It also created a new image of Saint Nicholas for an urban environment.

Gift Giving In the twentieth century Christmas made its final change into what we know as Christmas today. Public ceremonies, parades and outdoor Christmas lights became popular as well as more expensive gifts for both adults and children. Presents also became wrapped in order to keep some of the Christmas mystery around them.

St. Nicholas

Christmas Cards The first Christmas card was made in 1843 and was based upon the calling cards left by wealthy people at Christmas. Early Christmas cards were heavily family and small children oriented, as well as influenced by Valentine’s cards. It was also seen as more socially acceptable to buy a more expensive card than a cheaper gift during this time.

Christmas at Carroll

How John Carroll University celebrates the Christmas holiday

Christmas Carroll Eve

Musical Concert

Giving Trees Each year, the Office of Campus Ministry works with the Fatima Family Center to put up Giving Trees around JCU’s campus. Each Giving Tree features paper ornaments decorated by JCU students and each ornament has a gift that a child has asked for on it. Students, faculty and staff have the opportunity to buy gifts and give them to the Fatima Family Center to distribute to the children.

The JCU Schola Cantorum, Sweet Carrollines, Jazz Band and Dance Ensemble exhibit a variety of holiday-themed performances. Everything from contemporary Christmas music to holiday favorites are featured in this free concert.

Christmas Carroll Eve Mass This traditional JCU mass takes place in the Church of the Gesu across from campus. The Schola Cantorum, Chapel Choir and other community members provide music for the mass.

Late Night Feast After Christmas Carroll Eve mass, everyone is invited to the Schott Dining Hall for a late night meal. Admittance is granted with a mass program or JCU ID.

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Through the Eyes of a Child The annual Through the Eyes of a Child event, sponsored by Beta Theta Pi and Students for Social Justice, is an event where approximately 100 elementary students from inner-city Cleveland come to JCU and spend the day with students from the University. The children are paired with a “buddy” for the day and they do arts and crafts, visit with Santa and then JCU student gives a gift to their “buddy” at the end of the day.

wi t s a f k Brea Santa

CU r , J a ff , a e h y y, st E a c facult ts and den tes ate invi ni, stu c e l e b r ta. n alum d s t o ith Sa inn w e f r i kfast pically St. a Bre visit ty ass in olh T e es a m apel, f in t clud cis Ch eakfas all r n b a r y F ng H ed b tt Dini Santa. w o l o Sch with the a visit and


The Carroll News

Entertainment Calendar Check out what’s happening in Cleveland this week! 12.12

A Christmas Story

Cleveland Play House at the Allen Theatre 1:30 p.m., 7:30 p.m. $15-$72

12.13

Lolly the Trolley – Holiday Lights Public Tours

Leaves from the Powerhouse at Nautica 6 p.m. $24, reservations required

12.14

Mother and Child choral event

Cleveland Museum of Art 2 p.m. Free

12.15

Cleveland Orchestra Christmas Concert Severance Hall 2:30 p.m. $40-$95

Arts & Life www.jcunews.com

Band profile:

5

Dec. 12, 2013

Beer for the Blind Jackie Mitchell Campus Editor

On sophomore Mitch Dinopoulos’ first day of French class during his freshman year, his professor asked each student to share an interesting fact about themselves. Little did he know, this simple question would be the catalyst that spurred Beer For The Blind, a rock band with a self-described emo-jazz flair powered by lead singer sophomore David DeFlorentis, accompanied by Dinopoulos on guitar, sophomore Henry Patricy on bass and sophomore Andrew Wilson on drums. “ I s a i d g u i t a r, [Patricy] said bass, and [the professor] was like, ‘Oh, you should start a band together.’ And we did,” said Dinopoulos. The other members of the band met in similarly coincidental, somewhat serendipitous situations. DeFlorentis, who lived in the same dorm as Dinopoulos, overheard him playing the guitar on the first day of school. “I just got out of a band, and I wanted to be in one, so I kept bugging him for a while,” said DeFlorentis. Dinopoulos met Wilson in JCU’s jazz band, then introduced the four musicians to each other. “[Dinopoulos] didn’t really want to do anything until he could know that we could be friends outside of a band, so at the end of the school year, we decided to go for it,” said DeFlorentis. Inspiration for “Beer for the Blind” struck Wilson one day as he was driving home from work. “I was driving home from work one day when a blind man was trying to cross the street

and almost got hit by a car,” said Wilson. “But he didn’t get hit, and he made it to the other side of the street, and he made it into the beer distributor, and I said, ‘Beer for the Blind. There it is.’” There wasn’t much debate about a band name once Wilson shared his story with the rest of the band. DeFlorentis, who had few other ideas for a name in mind, said, “It took a day to come to terms with the fact that it was fantastic.” A unique mix of musical inspiration lends to the band’s distinct sound. They cite bands v a r y ing from Avenged Sevenfold to The Beatles to Led Zeppelin as major influences on their music, and they take a very collaborative approach when writing. Most often, DeFlorentis will write a song, then bring it to the rest of the band, who add in their own ideas and rewrite it. “We all sort of put our own take on it,” said Wilson. “It kind of progresses and changes as we play it, and it ends up being something completely different than it originally started out as.” Patricy wrote the band’s newest song, titled “The Good Luck Trap,” which he also sings. “The song’s pretty much about getting out there and doing what you love, making sure that you’re not just following that path just to serve the system, per se,” Patricy said. “Just to do what you love and to not settle for less. In a punkish, alternative rock style.” The band also performs a song called “Murphy Girl,” inspired by a resident in Murphy Hall. “What people told me is there’s this girl

in Murphy, and all these people wrote songs about her trying to win her over because she’s really beautiful,” said DeFlorentis. “I kind of took the idea of Murphy girl and what people expect her to be. Because when we’re all freshmen in college, you know, everyone has an expectation. Guys have to go out and party and get laid, and girls have to be really appealing to guys. And it’s about when we all come together that first year, we do things that aren’t ourselves to try to be accepted, and though we have an appearance that that’s what we want and we’re happy, that might not actually be what we want on the inside. So it’s not about Murphy girl directly; it’s about all of us.” The band also often includes favorite covers in their set list such as “Steady As She Goes” by the Raconteurs, “Little Sister” by Queens of the Stone Age and “Rock and Roll” by Led Zeppelin. They practice at least once a week in Wilson’s sister’s garage, which they coined “The Brewery,” in a house off of Warrensville. “It’s very cold in there in the winter because it’s not insulated,” said Wilson. “But the neighbors don’t seem to mind, so it works out, because we slowly figured out that there’s nowhere to play on campus. So we had to find our own place. But it works.” As students, finding the time to practice can be a struggle, but the musicians take time to practice on their own when they’re not together. So far, they’ve played shows during the open mic night at The Local Tavern in Mentor and Willoughby Hills. The band plans to perform in Youngstown on Dec. 26 at The Lemon Tree, opening for DePaul, a band from Nashville. Setting their sights on the future, they are focusing on writing some more original songs, recording a demo and starting up a Facebook page. “One thing you should know is that we’re a very new band, even though we’ve been playing for about a year,” said Patricy. “We’re just getting started.”

‘Smaug’ takes ‘Hobbit’ series to the next level MOVIE REVIEW “THE HOBBIT”

Dale Armbruster Asst. Sports Editor

“You certainly have changed, Bilbo Baggins.” Those words by Gandalf the Grey accurately describe the second installment of “The Hobbit” trilogy. As “The Desolation of Smaug” opens, director Peter Jackson gives a positively Hitchcockian wink to the crowd as he walks out of a bar in Bree, gnawing on a piece of meat. The scene is part of a flashback to the night Gandalf, played by Sir Ian McKellan, and Thorin Oakenshield (Richard Armitage), meet for the first time. The two discuss the need for the dwarves to take back their home from the dragon Smaug. From this opening scene, Jackson handles the film at a breakneck pace. It is a clear departure from the first film that was laden with sometimes boring detail, an unfortunate

consequence of stretching a 310-page book into three films. Thorin and company encounter a throng of new characters throughout the film. These are headlined by fan favorite Legolas (Orlando Bloom), and a new character, Tauriel, played by “Lost’s” Evangeline Lilly. The two elves act first as villains, locking up the dwarves after an adventure through Mirkwood Forest. They soon become entangled in a love triangle with one of the dwarves, Kili (Aidan Turner), after helping the company escape. The duo ends up acting as shadows, following the dwarves and aiding the group along the way. The addition of Lilly to the cast as a major character is a welcome one. After four relatively male-driven films, Tauriel gives young girls someone to cheer for and look up to in the film. The group also gets help from Beorn (Mikael Persbrandt), a shape-shifter who roams the countryside as a bear by night. They make their way to the Lonely Mountain with the help of Bard, played by Luke Evans. The character is a welcome addition to the film, acting as a conflicted family man haunted by the dragon in the mountain. The new additions are strong, but the growth of Bilbo as a hero and of Martin Freeman into the character are among the highlights of the film. Whether he is acting as the voice of reason among impatient dwarves or battling spiders in Mirkwood Forest, Freeman finally looks comfortable in the role. We even begin to see the cracks in Bilbo’s mental state and his use of the One Ring begins to weigh on him emotionally.

A d d i t i o n a l l y, Benedict Cumberbatch is stunning as the voice of both the titled dragon and the Necromancer, the shapeless evil that would become Sauron of the latter trilogy. Each word gets progressively more sinister as Cumberbatch slinks through the dialogue, allowing the audience to suspend their disbePhoto from forbes.com lief and fully buy into the terror of Martin Freeman plays Bilbo Baggins in “The Hobbit: The Smaug. Desolation of Smaug.” Armitage gives impressive as any in the series. a strong performance as Thorin, but the rest The elvish fight scenes and the battle in of his company seems underdeveloped de- Erabor with Smaug look stunning in the 48 spite Jackson having 182 minutes to build frame rate Jackson is experimenting with. This their characters. In the end, this massive cast mixed success is a frustrating reminder of finds itself hurtling towards an action-packed how spoiled fans were by the original trilogy. third act. Is “Smaug” an improvement over the first Despite improvements, there are still tech- act of Jackson’s new trilogy? It will likely not nical quirks with the film. The use of 3D does capture the imagination of audiences the way not add much, if anything at all. The “built for “The Lord of the Rings” did, and rightfully so. 3D” moments feel cheap and forced. For every This trilogy deserves to stand alone without Orc head falling through the air, there are two the weight of the original’s Academy Awards scenes with bees landing on the camera. It hanging around its neck. hardly breaks new ground. The movie is smart, and its strongest moSome CGI scenes leave something to be ments are when it is not trying too hard. The desired as well, but not enough to ruin the leads turn in memorable performances, and incredible scope of the film. The newest parts the three hours fly by in the theater. of Middle Earth look gorgeous, and scenes As a whole, the movie should be considlike the barrel escape from Mirkwood are as ered one of the top on-screen stories of 2013.


Arts & Life

6

Your gift-giving guide: A very merry DIY Christmas

Dec. 12, 2013

The Carroll News

www.jcunews.com

For the World Traveler: Map Necklace

Give this gift to a friend who is studying abroad soon or to a relative who travels often. It can be a map of their hometown or their favorite place they’ve ever visited. Supplies: • • • •

Necklace chain Frame charm Mod Podge Map

Madeline Smanik Asst. Arts & Life Editor

The holiday season can be one of the busiest and most expensive times of the year. Between final exams, papers and projects, squeezing in some shopping for presents can feel almost impossible. And on a college student’s budget, finding a nice gift you can afford is often intimidating. However, you can make this season a lot less stressful and less expensive with a low-cost, homemade gift. Here are six do-it-yourself gifts that any crafting novice can pull off with ease.

For the Childhood Friend: Hex Nut Bracelet

Feed your friend’s nostalgia with this grown-up version of the classic friendship bracelet. After the gift is unwrapped, you’ll both be reminiscing about the good old days. Supplies: • Leather lacing • Hex nuts Steps: 1. Cut three strings of leather. Tie together one end of each string into a knot. 2. Braid the strings. As you braid, add a hex nut to the outer strands. 3. Finish braiding. Tie ends into a knot. 4. Tie the two ends together to finish the bracelet.

Steps: 1. Choose a location on the map, then lay the charm over it. Trace the charm. Cut it out. 2. Apply a small dab of Mod Podge to the charm and place the map piece on top. Spread another small dab of Mod Podge on the map to seal in place. 3. Let dry for 15 minutes, and then loop the chain through the charm hook.

For the Younger Sibling (Or the Child at Heart): Dinosaur Planter

For the Host or Hostess: Personalized coasters Always spending time at your best friend’s apartment? Show them you appreciate their hospitality with these simple and practical coasters. Supplies: • • • • •

This planter is a whimsical alternative to a standard potted plant. Make this funky piece for someone who appreciates playful, unique décor. Supplies: • Plastic toy dinosaur • Soil • Small plant • Heavy-duty scissors • Spray primer (optional) • Spray paint (optional) Steps: 1. Cut a circle out of the dinosaur’s back. Cut one or two small drainage holes in the bottom of the toy. 2. Optional: Apply spray primer to the toy. 3. Optional: Spray paint toy with desired color. 4. Fill with soil and add a small plant.

Cork coasters Tape Letter stickers Paintbrush Craft paint

Steps: 1. Apply tape and/or a letter to create stripes and/or a monogram. 2. Paint coaster. Let dry. 3. Remove tape/sticker.

For Dreamers of a White Christmas: Snow Globe in a Jar Not everyone lives in a part of the world where they can count on waking up to fluffy snowflakes on Christmas morning. Send this gift to your relatives in the south so they know that you are thinking of them during the holidays. Supplies: • Mason jar • Bottlebrush tree • Faux snow • Glue dots or hot glue

For the Foodie: Stamped Apron

Crafts found on Pinterest.com

Reward your cookie-baking relatives with a functional yet lovely apron. They’ll think of you whenever they wear it— and perhaps they’ll give you an extra serving of your favorite dessert. Supplies:

Steps: 1. Glue the base of the tree to the inside of the jar lid. 2. Add enough snow to the jar so that the area around the tree’s base will be covered. 3. Screw the lid on to the jar.

• • • •

Canvas apron Fabric paint Sponge brush Stamp (any shape)

Steps: 1. Dip stamp in paint. Apply to apron in desired pattern. 2. Optional: Paint the neck and waist ties. 3. Let dry.

Holiday pick-up lines of the week

Excuse me, can you tell me where the closest mistletoe is?

These gingerbread cookies aren’t nearly as sweet as you are.

Who needs sugarplums? I have visions of you dancing in my head.


Arts & Life

7

www.jcunews.com

The Carroll News

Dec. 12, 2013

Fretting finals? Here’s to less stress Commentary by Allyson Lippert The Carroll News

We’ve all been there: it’s the week of finals and we hit our breaking point. We are beyond frustrated and exhausted, and we even do the math to figure out the lowest grade we can get on our final and still pass. It’s important to power through the studysession, but remember to keep things in perspective and prioritize. There are plenty of things you can do to de-stress without even leaving campus. 1. Play with an animal. Anyone with a pet knows how great it is to go home and be reunited with your favorite companion, but did you know that playing with an animal is physiologically good for de-stressing? On huffingtonpost. com, Dr. Cynthia Ackrill said, “Loving pets lowers blood pressure and increases immune responses, counteracting the negative effects of stress.” So whether someone has a dog on campus or therapy dogs in the library or atrium, make sure you stop and pet them.

2. Listen to music. Some people can’t focus on homework without music, but for a quick stress relief, just take a break and listen. Ackrill tells us, “…if you are actively listening you are less focused on the stress.” So just listen to the music or double the stress relief and take a page out of “Grey’s Anatomy’s” book and have a 30 second dance party.

Photos from amazon.com and hdwallpapersinn.com

3. Work out. A lot of us hate working out, but it’s beneficial for relieving stress. The Mayo Clinic staff reminds us that “physical activity pumps up our feel good endorphins.” Go to the gym and walk on the treadmill or look up quick yoga exercises on YouTube that you can do in your room. Afterwards, you’ll be in a better mood and more energized to power through the last two pages of that final paper.

Higl’s Squiggles:

Women, men and hasty generalizations

Alexandra Higl Arts & Life Editor Attention. The following is a public service announcement to all you ladies out there. Step one: Find a boy, grab him firmly by the shoulders and demand he proposes to you. Step two: graduate from college, degree in hand. Step three: find a mediocre part-time job, while being the good little conservative fiancée you are and support your man as he finds a job where he’s rolling in the dough. Steps four, five, six and seven: Tie the knot, pop out some kids, quit your job, become a stay at home mom and smile and nod as your strapping young husband brings home the bacon. Oh, and don’t forget to give him his nightly foot massage. After all, we’re perpetually confined to our gender roles. Right? Wrong. Here’s hoping you cringed as much as I did at that cookie-cutter “American Dream” lifestyle. Carefully planned to a T. The thought of having the rest of my life pre-made for me like those boring prepackaged peanut-butter and jelly sandwiches on white bread merits the same end results: predictable and tasteless. And, may I even go as far as saying, narrow-minded. Yet, this is what writer and family expert Suzanne Vecker insists upon. Last month, Vecker ranted about the “never depend on a man” mentality that young women in their 20s and 30s have adopted. She goes on to say that women should lean on men. And, though I agree women should lean on men, as I believe men should lean on women, I was nauseated by the mass-generalization she concocted in her Fox News opinion piece, “Why women still need husbands.” Sure, some women may need husbands. Let’s even assume for these purposes that the majority of women need husbands. However, instead of Vecker stating that men need wives, she states that women should allow men to work long hours, be the ones to “bring home the bacon,” while assuming the motherly duties of a 1950s housewife. I’m starting to see black and white. Time to whip out the ugly patterned aprons. Vecker does make a valid point, stating that women want to live “multifaceted lives” and that we need help in order to maintain a balance between work, social life and family life. In fact, I wholeheartedly agree with this. I, too, fall under this category. So, before you jump to the conclusion that I’m a bitter, man-hating feminist who

relishes in the strong woman single life, let me interject that I agree with what I believe Vecker is trying to say. However, how she says it could be misleading and even offensive to most women. As a young woman who eventually wants a family and a career, Vecker’s message has merit, but the gender stereotypes she confines men and women to cloud the argument. Vecker’s approach leaves out a few crucial pieces of the puzzle – to the point where her commentary could be viewed as primitive and close-minded. Puzzle piece number one: times are changing. The economy isn’t what is was years ago. Women need to be financially secure – single or married. In most marriages, men shouldn’t have to be the only ones to be the bring home the moolah. They should have the option of leaning on their wives. The same goes for back at “home base.” Who says that men can’t provide a support system for their wives, and help with some of the domestic duties at home? Why can’t a couple alternate on when they cook dinner or pick up the youngsters from school? Also, many women enjoy their careers, and bask in their corporate lifestyle. And, some men enjoy being stay-at-home-dads. Why limit the possibilities to a predestined plan? Marriage is a partnership. It’s a balancing act. Men and women should be seen as equals – not marionettes, manipulated by the strings of societal gender roles of “I do this and only this,” and “you do that and only that.” Everyone is different. Each person has different needs. A marriage is about meeting one another’s needs. Furthermore, every marriage is different. And, who says marriage is meant for everyone. It certainly isn’t. Some people just don’t want to have a family. Some people (notice I didn’t just refer to one particular gender) take great pleasure from just the work and social facets of their lives. Hasty generalizations just don’t make the cut. Vecker’s rash generalizations perhaps discredit the valid point she was attempting to make. Sure, women should not throw the option of marriage by the wayside. However, neither should men. Keep in mind: it’s a twoway street. There are no set answers in life. What you want at 20 isn’t what you want at 30. What you want at 30 isn’t what you want at 40. Life is a probe. Just because someone has a solution for his or her life doesn’t mean it’s universally applicable. The trick is to look back at your life when you’re 70, and be satisfied with your choices. And, your choices may have been the polar opposite than the 70-year-old person living next door who’s equally as happy. Contact Alexandra Higl at ahigl15@jcu.edu

4. Coloring. As childish as it may sound, coloring is great therapy; so good in fact that it’s easy to find adult coloring pages online. When we color we are totally focused on the activity and tend to be at peace, just as we were as kids laying on our bedroom floors doing the same thing. For those of us with printing money left, there are tons of free coloring pages online. For the unlucky few who are conserving those last few dollars for their final paper, when you stop at Target for study snacks or K-Cups, swing by the craft aisle and you can pick up a coloring book and crayons for less than $10.

5. Laugh. We’ve all heard it, “laughter is the best medicine.” It’s true – most of us are never more relaxed and happy than when we’re with our friends, tears in our eyes, laughing hysterically. According to Mayoclinic.com, “When you laugh, it not only lightens your mental load, but also causes positive physical changes in your body. Laughter fires up and then cools down your stress response.” So when you hit your breaking point, pop in a comedy, hang out with your friends or just turn on Netflix. If you’re really short on time, a half-hour sitcom can be enough to get you laughing and lighten your mood (“How I Met Your Mother,” anyone?).

Get in the holiday spirit with annual Christmas Carroll Eve concert Brooke Hollowell Staff Reporter

As everyone is frantically running to different stores to buy last minute Christmas gifts and cramming in last-minute studying before finals, the perfect way to de-stress before heading home is to take a break and soak up some JCU holiday spirit at Christmas Carroll Eve. The event will take place in the D.J. Lombardo Student Center in the LSC Conference room at 6:30 p.m. on Saturday, Dec. 14. Admission is free and groups including Schola Cantorum, Sweet Carrollines, Jazz Band and Dance Ensemble will be performing. The concert will be followed by Mass at Gesu and then the feast in the Schott Dining Hall. Cynthia Caporella, director of liturgical music and musical arts, said how she is excited to see how the concert turns out this year, due to a few improvements. Last year the event was hosted in Dolan Center for Science and Technology and in Kulas Auditorium. However, this year it will take place in the LSC room in the Student Center. The concert will also be one hour long, without an intermission this year. The concert will then be directly followed by Mass. Caporella said she hopes that this change of venue will bring in more students, and provide a warmer and more welcoming atmosphere. After the concert, there will also be a candlelight vigil walk to Gesu, followed by the annual feast in Schott dining hall. “I would have to say that the concert is my favorite, but I might be a little biased,” said Caporella. “The mass at Gesu is always beautiful, too. I just think that the concert is a great way to get every one at school in the Christmas spirit. It is a time that everyone comes together.” The different groups will be performing a selection of different songs from the classics to newer and altered versions. There will be different featured soloists among the groups and Sweet Carrollines and Schola Cantorum will be singing classics such as “Little Drummer Boy” and “Silent Night.” Senior Ijaza Saadat, a member of Sweet Carrollines, said she is ecstatic for Christmas Carroll Eve. “I love being able to perform on stage, but by far the best part is that everyone is together for the concert,” Saadat said. “I think it really spreads the holiday spirit, and helps bring everyone together one last time before we all leave for the holidays.” Christmas Carroll Eve is a special event that only occurs on campus once a year. Junior Brianna Lazarchik, a member of Schola Cantorum, said Christmas Carroll Eve is a special event on campus because it includes everyone, not just the students. “Christmas Carroll Eve is our biggest performance of the fall semester and what we spend most of the semester anticipating and preparing for,” Lazarchik said. “The fact that this concert brings together many of the performing groups on campus makes it very special and unique. There aren’t really any other events on campus that bring together such a variety of groups and it is therefore vital to Christmas spirit on campus.”


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WE DELIVER TO JCU UNTIL 2 A.M. “Home of the Guyzone”

JCU Student / Faculty Specials: 1 large 1-topping pizza: $11 2 medium 1-topping pizzas: $15 Full sheet 1-topping: $19.99 2 regular guyzones (any 3 toppings and cheese): $14 order online at www.guyspizzaco.com


Sports

The Carroll News

9

Dec. 12, 2013

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Hendrickson, Blue Streaks pull away Spahar stays hot, scores 26 in 73-58 win from ONU in home opener, 82-64 over No. 7 Polar Bears; JCU now No. 24 Men’s Basketball

Women’s Basketball

Jake Hirschmann

Joe McCarthy

Staff Reporter

Coming off a mid-week loss to the University of Mount Union, the John Carroll University men’s basketball team looked to rebound against a struggling Ohio Northern University team. The Blue Streaks did so on Saturday, with an 82-64 win, the team’s first in Ohio Athletic Conference play this year. Making it a point to come out with intensity, the Blue Streaks jumped out to an early 11-3 lead just over three minutes into JCU’s home opener. The Polar Bears hung tough for much of the first half, keeping the game within six at the break, 43-37. If not for junior forward Jake Hollinger, JCU’s outlook would have been dimmer entering the second half. Hollinger put up five points in the last 56 seconds of the half thanks to an and-one layup and a circus shot right before the buzzer went off. ONU came out blazing in the second halfand knotted the score twice during the second period, but JCU always had an answer, never allowing the Polar Bears to obtain a second half lead. The Blue Streaks finished the game on a 12-3 run and eventually pulled away, winning their home opener 82-64. “We made some key stops down the stretch,” junior guard David Hendrickson said. “Something we didn’t do against Mount Union was make stops when we needed them. Against ONU, our defense stepped up a little bit down the stretch and we were able to make a couple key stops when we needed them.” Hollinger, who finished the contest with

Staff Reporter

Photo courtesy of JCU Sports Information

Sophomore David Hendrickson tallied 14 points for the Blue Streaks in Saturday’s 82-64 victory over ONU. an impressive 12 points and eight rebound stat line, credited Hendrickson for the team’s impressive performance. “It was a great team win,” Hollinger said. “Hendrickson really stepped up and played well. It was a good to see that we could still pull out a win when we shot the ball poorly from outside. We continue to improve every week, and I’m looking forward to doing some more damage in the OAC.” Hendrickson finished the game with 14 points and was very active on the defensive end, as was the rest of the JCU defense, which held the Polar Bears to just 37 percent shooting and 27 percent from behind the arc. This victory was an important one for JCU as the squad looks to gain confidence heading into the thick of OAC play. JCU hits the the road on Saturday, traveling to Capital University for a 2 p.m. matchup.

Winter winds have begun to blow in University Heights and basketball is now in full swing. Off to a perfect start, the John Carroll University women’s basketball team traveled to Ohio Northern University to take on the defending Ohio Athletic Conference champions on Saturday afternoon. Taking on the Polar Bears, the Blue and Gold left Ada, Ohio with a double-digit win and a 5-0 overall record. The win propelled JCU to No. 24 in the D3Hoops.com poll, the program’s first ever top-25 ranking. “Beating ONU just showed us what we are capable of doing this season,” senior Missy Spahar said. “I think we can do great things.” Three Blue Streaks topped the scoring charts with double-digit efforts in the 73-58 win over the Polar Bears, who went 18-0 last season in conference play. Spahar led the way with a double-double, grabbing 12 rebounds and adding 26 points for the Blue and Gold. Senior guard Allie Lustig tabbed 15 points and three of the team’s 10 steals. The game started with back-and-forth action. Spahar and ONU senior forward Cenie Yoder led the way with 10 points apiece going into halftime, and the Blue and Gold led 33-26 going into the locker room. The second half surge was the difference maker for the Blue Streaks. Lustig and junior guard Emily Taylor supplied six points apiece in the second half, and the Blue Streaks never gave up the lead. Fending off a quick secondhalf start from the Polar Bears, the Blue and Gold went on a 11-0 run and put the game away.

JCU wrestling squad wins RIT Invitational again Joe Ginley Sports Editor

In any sport, experience is valuable. But as the John Carroll University wrestling team proved on Saturday, experience alone doesn’t win titles: hard work and determination do. A youthful Blue Streaks squad conquered more veteran competition at the Rochester Institute of Technology Invitational, taking home the title for the second time in three seasons with 140 points. Thanks to the efforts of nine placers, including two title winners and two second place finishers, the Blue and Gold won their first tournament – and third meet – of the season. “We fought like lions, and it was one of the better comprehensive efforts I have ever been associated with, considering the experience of our team,” head coach Kerry Volkmann said. Junior Terner Gott stole the show for the Blue

Cup of Joe

Joe Ginley Sports Editor

Time to Give Up on the Browns?

Sadness. Anger. Disgust. Shock. Each of these emotions flowed through me as I watched the Cleveland Browns blow a 12-point lead in the final 2:39 of Sunday’s game against the New England Patriots. With kickoff imminent at 1 p.m., I pondered whether to watch the game. We’re going to get blown out

Streaks. The reigning Ohio Athletic Conference Wrestler of the Week rolled to a 4-0 record on the day, claiming the championship at 157 pounds and remaining undefeated on the season. Gott knocked off Garrett Chase of Baldwin Wallace University with a 9-5 decision in the title bout. Winning the other championship was junior Todd Gaydosh. He eked out a victory in the 184-pound title match, beating Scott Bova of SUNY-Oswego, 2-1. Gaydosh has had a remarkable season following an injury-shortened 2012-13 campaign. Sophomore Dan Mirman forced his way into the finals at the 149-pound level, winning three matches before falling to RIT’s Brad Mayville by an 11-5 decision. Mirman’s runner-up performance marked the second consecutive season he has placed in the RIT Invitational, as he went undefeated in the tournament last season. Continuing to impress in his inaugural sea-

anyway, I reasoned, as I sat down to watch. Then something strange occurred. The Browns managed to put points on the board and shut down the Patriots offense. The score was 6-0 at half, and I kept waiting for the other shoe to drop. How long would it be until the Browns collapsed? The Browns surprised me in the third quarter with a 40-yard touchdown from quarterback Jason Campbell to tight end Gary Barnidge. The teams then traded scores. Browns wide receiver Josh Gordon took a slant pass 80 yards for a touchdown and New England quarterback Tom Brady responded with a pair of lengthy scoring drives to keep the game within reach, 19-

son, Isen Vajusi achieved second at 197 pounds. The freshman entered the day with a 5-4 record, adding on three wins before falling to Chad Obzud of Oneonta State in the championship match by pinfall at the 1:38 mark. Winning three of his four matches, junior Will Porter earned third place on Saturday. Porter remained undefeated until the semifinals when lost to Oneonta State’s Stephen Provenzano at the 285-pound level. Sophomore Mike Bucisko wrestled for the first time this season, taking fourth at the 133-pound level. Freshmen Anthony Trocchio (141 pounds) and Thomas McNulty (165 pounds) had sixth place finishes. As a team, the Blue Streaks beat out second place Baldwin Wallace University, 140-115.5. JCU does not compete again until the Florida Citrus Open in Fort Lauderdale on Dec. 29-30.

14, with 5:43 to play in the fourth quarter. Campbell conducted an eightplay, 80-yard touchdown drive, capped off by a four-yard pass to tight end Jordan Cameron with 2:39 remaining. I started to believe. That was my mistake. We all know how this story ends. Brady led a quick touchdown drive, the Patriots recovered an onside kick, got a pass interference call and scored an easy touchdown. The Browns desperately attempted and missed a 58-yard field goal. Game over. 27-26 Patriots. I’m a relatively young Browns fan, but I’ve experienced a lot of futility. This team never ceases to amaze me with the new ways it finds to lose each week.

It was smooth sailing from there for JCU. Scoring 23 points off turnovers and 24 points in the paint, eight coming off second chances, the Blue Streaks cruised to a 73-58 victory to improve to 5-0 and 2-0 in conference play. Spahar continued her hot streak with her fourth double-double of the year. The senior forward is now tied for fourth in the country in points per game (26.0). But defense has been just as important, as head coach Kelly Morrone said. “[We] have committed to applying defensive pressure in each possession,” Morrone said. “The light has gone on. Defense equals offense for us.”

Photo courtesy of JCU Sports Information

Senior Missy Spahar earned OAC Player of the Week honors for the second consecutive week.

Check us out online for more great content from the CN sports team! This week at jcunews.com:

– Indoor track & field squads start the season off right at Golden Flash Gala – Swimming & diving teams perform well at Transylvania Invitational – Looking back at the JCU women’s cross country team’s special finish to capture the OAC title – Hirschmann’s Hoops: Why the Portland Trail Blazers are primed for a playoff run – Kevin’s Seven: The Browns’ options at quarterback in the NFL Draft

Rather than cheering for my favorite team, I find that I’m cringing each week as I witness a trainwreck on turf. And this loss, after being so close to such a satisfying win, really stung. It felt like the referees, luck, the football gods, everything – was against us. Cleveland fans seem cursed to watch the same misery year after year. After the Browns’ discouraging defeat on Sunday, is it time to give up on the Browns? Should we bother rooting for a team destined to continue losing unless a reincarnated Otto Graham comes back to lead this team to glory? In one word: no. We can’t give up; we’re Cleveland fans. With all we’ve been through,

now is not the time to throw our hands up and walk away. Part of our identity as Cleveland fans is being resilient in the face of adversity. We don’t necessarily remain optimistic, but we hold out some small hope in the bottom of our hearts that the Browns will learn to win in our lifetime. And when the day comes, it will be glorious. We will celebrate like it’s 1964 and forget all the anguishes we suffered to get there. A Super Bowl win might not alleviate all the heartbreak. But having the Vince Lombardi Trophy in Cleveland would help. Hang in there, Browns fans. The NFL Draft isn’t too far away. Follow @JoeGinley on Twitter or email him at jginley16@jcu.edu


2013 Season in Review

The Carroll News

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Dec. 12, 2013

The Rebirth of John Carroll Football

Sep. 7

Sep. 21

Sep. 28

Oct. 5

41-0

27-7

28-0

54-0

Oct. 12 Oct. 19 62-7

41-9

Oct. 26

Nov. 2

47-0

63-3

Nov. 9 Nov. 16 Nov. 23 48-7

42-34

25-16

JCU earned its fourth playoff appearance in school history, following the 1989, 1997 and 2002 Blue Streaks. From left to right: David Porter, Matt Feeney, Mark Myers, DaQuan Grobsmith and Aramis Greenwood

Two coaches and 15 players were named all-conference.

Tom Arth led the team to a 9-2 record in his first season.

The Carroll News Players of the Year Aramis Greenwood

Mitch Krotz

Wide Receiver 6’0”, 205 lbs, Junior / Fairport Harbor, OH

Linebacker 6’2”, 230 lbs, Senior / Madison, OH

-First team All-Ohio Athletic Conference -61 receptions, 959 yards, 13 touchdowns -Career-high 15 rec., 185 yards vs. ONU -Set single-season record for touchdowns in 2013 -Sixth all-time in receiving touchdowns (18)

-First team All-Ohio Athletic Conference -91 tackles, 9.0 tackles for loss, 1.5 sacks -Career-high 15 tackles at Baldwin Wallace -13th all-time for tackles in a single season -Veteran leader after transferring from Miami (OH)

Compiled by Dale Armbruster

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Dec. 12, 2013

Full disclosure

Anthony Ahlegian

Business & Finance Editor

Having social savvy Advances in technology and media have created new and effective ways for us to communicate and foster relationships with each other. Emailing has become a prevalent tool in the business setting, as well as in the academic setting. Even more so, social media outlets such as Twitter and Facebook have seen increased use by companies. Given this trend, I believe it is important to understand how to properly use email and social media in the business setting. Key things to focus on when emailing are your intended audience, the message you are trying to convey and the desired outcome of your message. The formality of your email will weigh heavily on identifying your audience’s expectations. Identify who your audience is, how often they use email to communicate, your relationship with them, how well you know them and what kind of impression you want to make. Important components of an effective email are the subject line, your greeting and your sign-off. Treat your subject line like a headline, highlighting the key point or take away from your email. Use effort in your greetings and sign-offs in order to give a respectful impression. Some additional tips for writing more effective emails are to strive for clarity and brevity in your writing, format your message so that it is easy to read, reflect on the tone of your message, think about your message before you write it and most importantly, proofread. With social media, be conscious of what you repost and retweet. In the perception of others, you may have adopted the words or implications made by what you are sharing. Similar to your emailing, always be clear in what you convey, and avoid being misleading. With these tips, you are on your way to taking advantage of the many opportunities the advances in technology and media have provided for us. Follow @AnthonyAhlegian or email him at aahlegian14@jcu.edu

Business Basics Insurance

Insurance is a form of risk management that is primarily used to protect against the risk of a devastating loss. An insurance company collects insurance payments, or premiums, from customers to pool their risks. This makes insurance payments more affordable for those who buy insurance, or insureds. Purchasing insurance involves assuming a guaranteed and known relatively small loss in the form of payment to the insurer in exchange for the insurer’s promise to compensate in the event of a loss. The insurer’s promise to put the insured back in the same situation they were in before the unexpected loss is called indemnification, and is the backbone of insurance. This type of contract is called an insurance policy, and it details the conditions and circumstances under which the insured will be financially compensated.

– Information compiled by Anthony Ahlegian

Business & Finance www.jcunews.com

The Carroll News

General Motors has image makeover amidst U.S Treasury selling last of shares Anthony Ahlegian

Business & Finance Editor

This past week included two major highlights for General Motors Co. The first highlight is that the U.S. government sold its last shares of GM, stemming back from the shares acquired in the government-led bankruptcy of GM in 2009. The second highlight is that GM has named its first female CEO, Mary Barra, smashing a century-old gender barrier in the auto industry for this position. When the government sold its last shares of GM this past Monday, they did so for a loss of $10.5 billion. However, this move clears the way for GM to return cash to shareholders. Many consumers were left alienated by the bailout GM received in 2009. President Obama called the rescue of GM a success, pointing to strong profits and the 372,000 new jobs that were created in the U.S. auto business over the past five years, according to The Wall Street Journal. The sale of the final owned shares by the U.S. Treasury marks the conclusion of a humbling chapter in the history of GM. Furthermore, the sale marks the potential end

to government involvement in GM’s affairs. Current CEO Dan Akerson said in a statement, “The U.S. Treasury’s ownership exit closes just one chapter in GM’s ongoing turnaround story. We will always be grateful for the second chance extended to us, and we are doing our best to make the most of it.” The government’s departure now opens GM to new pressures from activist investors who may want GM to begin returning money to them through dividends, stock buybacks or both, according to the WSJ. These will be pressures that newly named CEO Mary Barra will have to accommodate. “With an amazing portfolio of cars and trucks and the strongest financial performance in our recent history, this is an exciting time at today’s GM,” Barra said in a statement Tuesday morning. “I’m honored to lead the best team in the business and to keep our momentum at full speed.” Barra will succeed Akerson as CEO next month. She will become the 22nd woman currently running a Fortune 500 company. This move also makes GM the largest company, by revenue, run by a female CEO.

cleveland.com

“You have to have the executives with the right experience to take on the responsibility,” said former Ford Motor Co. chief operating officer Anne Stevens. “It takes years to have the right experience and to have the track record on which to base the decision.” This statement points to Barra’s 33 years of experience with GM, starting as a college intern and eventually becoming an engineering manager before running one of GM’s big U.S. assembly plants, according to the WSJ. GM also restructured its top executive ranks when naming Barra as CEO, splitting the role of CEO and board chairman, and shifting finance chief Dan Ammann to president, overseeing global operations. The post currently held by Barra, head of worldwide vehicle development, will be taken over by Mark Reuss, who is currently the head of North American operations. GM’s image makeover brings with it a new sense of accountability for company goals, and investor confidence. Information from The Wall Street Journal and Forbes was used in this article.

Hot Topics House of Representatives and Senate negotiators announced a budget agreement this past Tuesday. This was done as a rare bipartisan act, and was designed to avert another government shutdown. The budget agreement, modest in scope, is also designed to bring a dose of stability to Congress’ fiscal policymaking over the next two years. Five financial regulatory agencies approved a long-delayed rule for banks this past Tuesday known as the Volcker rule. Named for Paul Volcker, the rule restricts the way banks trade securities, curbing their ability to bet with their own money. The rule may help the stability of the broader economy by restoring trust and confidence in banks.

foxnews.com

House Budget Committee Chairman Rep. Paul Ryan and Senate Budget Committee Chair Patty Murray led the budget negotiations.

america.aljazeera.com

Paul Volcker is a former chairman of the President’s Economic Recovery Advisory Board and former Federal Reserve chairman.

Lucky Numbers

43 2.75

This is the market capitalization in billions of dollars between Discovery Communications Inc. and Scripps Networks Interactive Inc. This is relevant amidst recent news that Discovery is considering a bid for Scripps, the owner of cable channels HGTV, Travel Channel, insidermonkey.com Cooking Channel and a majority Discovery is looking to grow its position as the global leader in of the Food Network. nonfiction media content by considering a bid for Scripps. This is the amount in millions of dollars that Hertz Global Holdings Inc. has agreed to pay Catalyst Capital Group Inc. in a settlement involving Advantage Rent A Car. Advantage has filed for bankruptcy protection amid disputes over the vehicles it leased from Hertz. Advantage will now be able to sell its assets to Catalyst.

– Information compiled by Anthony Ahlegian

elliott.org

Hertz was forced by the FTC to sell its Advantage Rent A Car brand.


pppp

World News

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Dec. 12, 2013

The Carroll News

www.jcunews.com

Around the World 2

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Nelson Mandela 1918-2013: A legend is honored by the world Sam Lane

World News Editor

Nelson Mandela, the man who was one of the world’s most recognized leaders and who brought an end to apartheid in South Africa before being elected to the nation’s presidency, died on Dec. 5 at the age of 95. His death followed months of failing health, much of which had been covered extensively by the media since June. Jacob Zuma, the current president of South Africa, announced Mandela’s death to the public, according to The Wall Street Journal. Zuma stated, “Our beloved Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, the founding president of our democratic nation, has departed. He passed on peacefully in the company of his family around 20h50 on the fifth of December 2013. He is now resting. He is now at peace. Our nation has lost its greatest son. Our people have lost a father. Although we knew that this day would come, nothing can diminish our sense of a profound and enduring loss.” Within hours of the announcement, mourners in South Africa and throughout the rest of the world expressed their sorrow at the news of Mandela’s passing. Dozens of world leaders spoke out on what Mandela meant to them. President Barack Obama spoke admirably of the former South African president: “I am one of the countless millions who drew inspiration from Nelson Mandela’s life.” He stated in the same speech, “For now, let us pause and give thanks for the fact that Nelson Mandela lived, a man who took history in his hands, and bent the arc of the moral universe toward justice. May God bless his memory and keep him in peace.” Other leaders ranging from British Prime Minister David Cameron to F.W. DeKlerk, Mandela’s immediate predecessor who served as the last white president of South Africa, expressed their sorrow over his death and remembered his life’s work. Millions of South Africans, both black and white, chanted in the streets outside Mandela’s home to celebrate his life and show the world

AP

Former South African President Nelson Mandela, pictured above, died on Dec. 5, at the age 95 following a long-term struggle with a lung infection. Following his release from a 27-year-long prison sentence in 1990, he worked to abolish apartheid and was elected President in 1994, serving until 1999. how much he meant to their country. Black located in the Southern Cape Province, acSouth Africans chanted his birth name, cording to NBC News. His family descended Rolihlahla and remembered the man who from the Thembu tribe, some of whom had suffered through so much in his life, first as high power. His father Galda, like many other an oppressed black South African who stood males of such background during this time firmly opposed to the rule of apartheid in his period, practiced polygamy and had several country, and then as a prisoner for nearly 30 wives. It was Galda’s third wife, Nosekeni Fanny, who would give birth to and raise his years because of his political beliefs. Likewise, Mandela’s time as South Af- most famous son. Mandela’s mother was a rica’s first post-apartheid president and his devout Christian and raised him in her faith, ability to promote peace and forgiveness which would prove to be highly influential to in the divided nation are also what millions him throughout his life. Although Mandela had the disadvantage of remember. But the fact of the matter was that, as recently as 20 years ago, this celebration being black in South Africa during apartheid, of such a man by so many diversified people his family nobility granted him more privilege than others of the same race, particularly in would have been controversial. In order to fully understand Mandela’s education. After receiving basic education, influence on South Africa, one would have Mandela was able to attend The University to look back on both his life and the history College of Fort Hare, which at the time was the only college available for blacks in South of his people and country. He was born Rolihlahla Mandela on July Africa, according to The New York Times. 18, 1918, in what was then known as the Many of his allies believe his education was village of Mvezo, Union of South Africa, partially responsible for his belief that he was equal to white South Africans. Mandela eventually became a lawyer and began the activism that would make him famous. For the most part, his activism was non-race based except for a brief time in his youth. As Mandela put it, “I was angry at the white man, not at racism,” according to NBC News. However, his actions grew more militant in the early 1960s, mainly due to frustration with the violent actions being carried out towards blacks by the white minority government. This shift was one reason the apartheid government imprisoned Mandela. He was put on trial due to his association with the African National Congress in 1964, and was sentenced to life in prison. Mandela spent the first 18 years of his sentence on Robben Island, where he faced harsh conditions and abuse from the white guards, but remained persistent in his activism. He AP Following the death of Nelson Mandela on Dec. 5, South Africans marched in the would regain popularity in the late 1970s folstreet outside his former home, holding signs saying “R.I.P. Madiba,” referring to lowing the murder of another influential black his tribal name. Flags were also flown at half-mast the day after, and numerous activist, Steven Biko. tributes and memorials have been held to celebrate the former president’s life. The 1980s marked a decade of change

where the entire world began to look negatively on the apartheid government in South Africa. Many western governments began to slowly place sanctions on the apartheid nation, although much of this was due to pressure from citizens than from actual leaders. Some of this reluctance was caused by the fear that the ANC was more sympathetic towards the Soviet Union than the West, a sentiment believed partially by the U.S. government. In fact, Mandela had been considered a terrorist by the CIA until 2008, according to CNN. However, Mandela’s influence, as well as the realization by South African president F.W. DeKlerk that apartheid could not last, brought about its gradual end. Mandela was finally released from prison in 1990. This was celebrated around the world, and he was eventually elected the first post-apartheid president of South Africa in 1994. Mandela’s presidency was considered a success for the most part but was nevertheless met with some criticism. Some have criticized his failure to end the inequality between the poor black majority and wealthy white minority. Another problem was his inability to prevent the corruption of many members of his political party, the ANC. Nevertheless, many credit his presidency as being successful for preventing civil war as well as being able to make a transition towards peace. Over a decade after leaving office, most people agree that Mandela’s presidency was a tremendous asset for South Africa’s progress. It was for these reasons that Mandela will be undoubtedly judged as one of history’s greats. Information from CNN, NBC News, The Wall Street Journal and The New York Times was used in this article.

A Timeline of the Life of Nelson Mandela: 1918- Born in South Africa 1939- Graduated from The University of Fort Hare 1964- 1982-

Sentenced to life in prison, im- prisoned on Robben Island Transferred from Robben Island to Pollsmoor Prison

1990- Released from prison 1994- Elected first president of post- apartheid South Africa 1999- Left presidential office 2013- Died at the age of 95


World News Ukraine erupts in protests over EU indecision

The Carroll News

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www.jcunews.com

The Associated Press

The protesters rose up against President Viktor Yanukovych after Nov. 21 when he spiked a deal for closer integration with the 28-nation European Union and decided to restore trade ties with Russia instead. Hundreds of thousands have rallied in Kiev on the past two Sundays and some protesters have set up camp on Independence Square, known as the Maidan, to demand that Yanukovych step down. Opinion polls show that the EU is more popular among Ukrainians than Russia, and many fear that the country’s hard-won independence will be crippled if it moves back too tightly into Russia’s orbit. But in eastern Ukraine, the country’s industrial heartland, most people are openly resentful of the pro-Western protesters, many of whom are students. The Kremlin has exploited this deep eastwest divide in its determined efforts to thwart the EU deal and keep Ukraine in its political and economic sphere of influence. Yenakiyevo, a city of 100,000 in the Donetsk region, is home to nine coal mines, six of which are operational, along with a metallurgical plant and a coke plant. Ukraine’s political standoff has been aggravated by its rapidly deteriorating finances. The economy has been in recession for more than a year, and the government is in desperate need of foreign funding to avoid a default. Nikolai Zagoruiko, the head of the Donetsk branch of Yanukovych’s Party of Regions, claims the proposed pact with the EU would have forced some the region’s biggest mines and industrial plants to close, with major repercussions felt throughout the country. “We would have had an explosion in society,” he said. “And the students from the Maidan in Kiev, who haven’t earned a single kopeck yet, would have become the first casualties of the EU.” Donetsk is also home to Ukraine’s richest man, Rinat Akhmetov, and other tycoons who have stood behind Yanukovych. Akhmetov funded the construction of Europe’s biggest sports arena in the city of Donetsk, which hosted soccer games during last year’s Eu-

3

Staff Reporter

Detroit broke a record this past Tuesday by becoming the largest U.S. city ever to declare bankruptcy. After a nine-day trial, Judge Steven Rhodes ruled that the city had the legal standings to receive protection from its creditors. “This once proud and prosperous city can’t pay its debts,” said Judge Rhodes on Tuesday. “It’s insolvent. It’s eligible for bankruptcy. At the same time, it also has an opportunity for a fresh start.” This decision clears up the ambiguity of the past four months in regards to how to handle the debt crisis that has been surrounding Detroit. According to Fox News, the city argued that bankruptcy is necessary so that its residents can have access to higher quality services, such as faster police response time (compared to the

Dec. 12, 2013

Ho-Ho hostility

Katelyn DeBaun

Asst. World News Editor

AP

Ukrainian protestors smash a statue of Vladmir Lenin with a sledgehammer after toppling it, in Kiev, Ukraine, Dec. 8. The third week of protests continued with an estimated 200,000 Ukranians occupying central Kiev to denounce President Viktor Yanukovych’s decision to turn away from Europe and align this ex-Soviet republic with Russia. raised fears that Ukraine is on the verge of ropean championships. “We are isolated,” said Volga Sheiko, a joining the Customs Union, a step that would 38-year-old attorney who took part in a recent almost certainly enrage pro-EU Ukrainians anti-government protest. “We are talking and energize the protests in Kiev. But in the east, most people see Russia as about freedom, democracy and integration into Europe, but no one hears us. Even if there the partner of choice and heed the Kremlin’s are some who support integration into the EU, warnings that the EU pact would rupture they are simply afraid to say so out loud. It’s trade ties with Russia and lead to economic collapse. not quite safe here in the east.” “Belarus, Russia and Kazakhstan are our Yanukovych had assured the EU of his firm intention to sign the political associa- brothers. Why should we leave them?” said tion and free trade agreement, but abruptly Yuri Galaburda, a 43-year-old miner in the changed his mind just a week before the town of Ukrainsk. Unlike Yenakiyevo, where most of the scheduled signing in late November. This was seen as a victory for Russia, mines and plants are active, Ukrainsk has which had imposed import bans on some just one mine in operation. With about 10,000 Ukrainian goods and threatened further trade residents, the town is half the size it used to sanctions to demonstrate the damage Moscow be. Many of its Soviet-era apartment buildcould inflict on Ukraine’s economy if Yanu- ings are abandoned, their windows broken. Packs of stray dogs roam the streets. kovych signed the EU deal. Galaburda said the town had seen even Russia also promised Ukraine a rebate on Russian natural gas supplies and other worse times after the 2004 Orange Revolution privileges if it agreed to join the Russia- protests that led to a pro-Western government dominated Customs Union, a trade bloc of in Kiev. “We are afraid that it could get worse,” former Soviet republics that includes Belarus he said. “Under the Orange government, we and Kazakhstan. A meeting between Yanukovych and Rus- weren’t seeing any pay at all. Now life seems sian President Vladimir Putin last week has slowly to be getting better.”

Judge grants Detroit permission to declare bankruptcy Catie Pauley

15 Katelyn’s Candor:

current slow, nearly nonexistent response) and fixing inconsistent garbage pickup. When the city first filed for bankruptcy in July, 40 cents of every dollar collected by Detroit was used to pay debt. If the city didn’t have access to relief through bankruptcy, it could rise to 65 cents per dollar. Highly valuable art at the Detroit Institute of Art could potentially be sold in efforts to alleviate the debt crisis, and a water department that reaches to large parts of southeastern Michigan could be sold as well, according to NBC News. Pensions prove to be a distressing issue in the bankruptcy debate as well. Pension funds are short by $3.5 billion, according to the city. Judge Rhodes stated that cutting pension funds is a possibility, and while there is a provision in the Michigan Constitution that protects public pensions, they are not untouchable in

bankruptcy. A 140-page written opinion by Rhodes was released Wednesday, which officially releases Detroit to enter Chapter 9 bankruptcy, according to The Wall Street Journal. While many object to the ruling, Rhodes stands by his decision and said that further negotiations would be impractical as the city’s financial crisis continues to grow worse. Detroit Emergency Manager Kevyn Orr said in a statement: “Time is of the essence, and we will continue to move forward as quickly and efficiently as possible. We hope all parties will work together to help us develop a realistic restructuring plan that improves the financial condition of Detroit and the lives of its 700,000 citizens.” Information from Fox News, The Wall Street Journal and NBC News were used for this report.

jcunews.com

How influential was Nelson Mandela to you?

Poll

• Very influential • Somewhat influential • Not influential

With Christmas just weeks away, I thought I might help draw up memories of Christmas past. Picture yourself as a child: If your family celebrated Christmas, I would imagine you spent much of Christmas Eve impatiently awaiting the arrival of Santa, as I know I did. To aid in the anticipation of Santa’s arrival, the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) started an entertainment program in 1955 called “NORAD Tracks Santa.” Initially, the program was accessed through a variety of media, including a telephone hotline where children could call NORAD directly. During the program, NORAD reported the location of Santa throughout his journey across the world. In the 1990s, the program was generally accessed through the Internet, providing constant tracking on Christmas Eve. In a 2010 article by the Associated Press, it was said that NORAD Tracks Santa “takes an essential element of the Santa Claus story — his travels on Christmas Eve — and looks at it through a technological lens, therefore bringing the Santa Claus mythology into the modern era.” Last year, over 22 million people visited the website on Christmas Eve, making it part of many families’ Christmas traditions. NORAD Tracks Santa is also starting a new tradition this year: On his journey, Santa will be followed by fighter jets. In a video on its website, Santa is depicted soaring over a landscape with two military aircrafts following on each side. A NORAD official said that their aim in adding the jets was to “give the program more of an operational feel” while still keeping it “cutesy” for children. However, I, and many disgruntled parents, find myself questioning why this is necessary. The tradition of waiting for Santa to arrive should be equated with presents and happiness, but by having him accompanied by fighter jets, there is a dark undertone of violence that lingers. Immediately after NORAD released its video, child advocates spoke out against the program, saying it only serves to promote the military. Unfortunately, this was practically confirmed when a senior defense official traveling with Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said that the fighter jets are necessary “given the proliferation of air defense identification zones,” such as those in China and Japan, according to the Wall Street Journal. When I heard the news that Santa would be accompanied by military aircrafts this year, I hoped it was a joke. However, upon looking into the situation myself, I felt my heart sink. It is depressing to realize we live in a world where the military feels the need to interfere with Christmas. Not only is it a ridiculously bogus reason to emphasize the military, but apparently NORAD didn’t realize the negative effects this could have on the children who track Santa every year. I’d like you to imagine a possibility of how young children might perceive this military presence. Children are not unintelligent; they will either ask their parents why it is necessary, or know by instinct that they are supposedly there to ensure Santa’s safety. Regardless, this means that there is something in the world that is an extreme danger to him, and this could cause young children to become unnecessarily afraid. In short, as Christmas nears, I find myself yearning for past Christmases, when all I had to worry about was whether or not I would be receiving what I wanted. It is truly disappointing to see how drastically the magic of Christmas is changing. Contact Katelyn DeBaun at kdebaun16@jcu.edu


Diversions

16

www.jcunews.com

Dec. 12, 2013

Sudoku Easy

A bit harder

The Carroll News

Genius

Puzzles from websudoku.com

The first Person to submit all three completed sudoku puzzles wins a free hug from the carroll news sports editor joe ginley!

NAME THAT TOON! LAST WEEK’S WINNER: Joe Kleinmann A man of many talents, this Rhapsody Blue singer wants you to come see him in The Underground tonight at 8 p.m.

This week’s cartoon’s tune hint:

“I really do believe in you; Let’s see if you believe in me.”

Cartoon by Nicholas Sciarappa

Be the first person to submit the answer to The NAME:________________________________________________ Carroll News room, and get your picture in the ANSWER:____________________________________________ next issue of The Carroll News!

Wisdom from a John Carroll University student

“Always have a water bottle ... and know where your keys are at.”

Karyn Adams, 2016


Editorial www.jcunews.com

The Carroll News

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Dec. 12, 2013

Editorial Willing and able to defend

Alumni Corner

Written by: Lisa Schwan, Carroll News Alumna 2006

The Carroll News SERVING JCU SINCE 1925

To contact The Carroll News: John Carroll University 1 John Carroll Boulevard University Heights, OH 44118 Newsroom: 216.397.1711 Advertising: 216.397.4398 Email: jcunews@gmail.com

The Carroll News is published weekly by the students of John Carroll University. The opinions expressed in editorials and cartoons are those of The Carroll News editorial staff and not necessarily those of the University’s administration, faculty or students. Signed material and comics are solely the view of the author.

Cartoon by Nicholas Sciarappa

NOTABLE QUOTABLE

Recently during mass, our priest told a story about Giant Sequoias, or Redwoods. His description of these magnificent trees intrigued me enough to do some research, and what I learned creates an interesting metaphor and unique approach to consider during your years at JCU and beyond. So, this communication major will attempt a brief ecology lesson. The Giant Sequoia tree is the planet’s most massive living thing – it can stand as high as a 30-story building. Some have survived 3,000 years. These trees triumph over natural disasters. They are resistant to drought, disease, insects and fire. They are extremely fruitful and they continue to grow as long as they live. But despite their beauty and enormous size, it’s what you don’t see that makes them most remarkable. Giant Sequoias have an extremely shallow root system and can survive in less than three feet of soil. They do this by growing in groves, spreading their roots outward as far as 300 feet and intertwining them with the roots of neighboring sequoias. They adapt to their environments through a kind of magnificent cooperation, helping one another stay anchored and not competing for resources, but sharing them. You’re at college with a purpose to learn – about what you study, the industry you hope to enter and, most importantly, about yourself. You’re investing to make yourself better, smarter and a more competitive job candidate, and your experience at John Carroll will help you accomplish all those things. But take a moment and think about the Giant Sequoia. It didn’t become the tallest, strongest, most enduring living thing by acting alone. Similarly, it’s the bonds you form with people that will develop and nurture your most meaningful qualities. For me, it was the first professor I met who, knowing me for five minutes, put trust and confidence in me and offered me a work study position. He guided me to my career and helped even after graduation. I asked another trusted professor to be my JCU advisor. She was a true confidant offering valuable advice. A Jesuit priest sat with me for hours and gave me a new perspective on my faith as he guided me through the practice of Ignatian spirituality. And I met lifelong friends who remain some of the most important people in my life. So take your work and studies seriously – the grades you get and the effort you put in are the means to an important and rewarding end. But you won’t find the help and strength you need to address life’s most challenging situations and decisions in any of your books or notes. Your roots might not grow as deep as those of generations before you either – you might change cities and jobs several times before landing in the right place. That’s why it’s so important to invest in your relationships and appreciate everyone on this journey with you. Wrap yourself around them, help one another, and you’ll continue to grow everyday that you live.

On December 5, the Office of the President released a statement informing the John Carroll community that Campus Safety Services will be equipped with handguns beginning January 1, 2014. The motivation behind this decision is the startling fact that shootings have been a growing issue on college campuses nationwide. This initiative will be funded entirely by the University budget. Statistics have demonstrated an increase in mass shootings in schools nationwide. In an effort to protect against these possible crimes, arming officers on a college campus makes sense. While the John Carroll community might seem safe, we have to protect against the possibility of threats from outside parties. Regardless of how safe a college community perceives itself to be, steps should always be taken to ensure that safety. Before the decision was made, officers were completely unarmed and hence unable to protect themselves and the campus from any violent crimes that may have occurred. Some faculty and students argue that there is not a need to arm officers, as there has never been a shooting on campus. They expressed concern that arming officers may lead to accidental firearm injuries. However, it’s important to take preventative measures when it comes to protecting the John Carroll community instead of waiting for something tragic to happen first. The chance of a shooter causing harm to the community outweighs the possibility of an officer accidentally harming a student or faculty member. In a situation with a shooter, every second counts. Armed officers can react quickly to save lives and ensure the safety of our campus.

“He was one of our greatest teachers. He taught by example. He sacrificed so much ... for freedom and equality, for democracy and justice.”

— U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon on the death of Nelson Mandela

HIT & miss

Hit: Congressional negotiators announced a bipartisan budget deal to avoid a January government shutdown miss: A new study found that within Fortune 500 companies, only about 17 percent of the seats on boards of directors are held by women Hit/miss: The Cleveland Browns gave up a 12-point fourth quarter lead to Patriots to lose the game miss: Kim Jong Un stripped his uncle of all political power, signaling unrest in the North Korean government Hit/miss: The Canadian government intends to make a bid for sovereignty over the North Pole, but Russia and Denmark are also seeking claim on the top of the world miss: Beloved South African antiapartheid leader and Nobel Peace Prize winner Nelson Mandela passed away last week at 95 miss: U.S. Olympic gold medalist figure skater Evan Lysacek will not be competing in the Sochi Olympic Games due to a torn labrum Hit/miss: George Zimmerman’s girlfriend does not want to pursue assault, battery and criminal mischief charges against Zimmerman Hit: The Beckhams donated their clothes to aid victims of the typhoon in the Philippines miss: Kim Kardashian launched a sale on eBay of some of her clothes and only donated 10 percent of the profits to charity Hit: Grand Rapids, Mich. and Lake Michigan’s Gold Coast was voted the number one U.S. destination of 2014 miss:Police try to quell rioters after weeklong protests in the Ukranian capital of Kiev Hit: Mountain goats in the French Alps survived an avalanche and stunned onlookers when they popped out of the snow

Email your hits & misses to jcunews@gmail.com

Editor in Chief ZACH MENTZ

zmentz14@jcu.edu

Managing Editor Ryllie Danylko

Adviser

Editorial Adviser

Robert T. Noll Richard Hendrickson, Ph. D

Business Manager Kaelyn Gates

Cartoonist

Campus Editors

World News Editors Sam Lane Katelyn DeBaun

Nicholas Sciarappa

Copy Editors

Arts & Life Editors

Business & Finance Editor

Jackie Mitchell Abigail Rings Karly Kovac

Alexandra Higl Madeline Smanik

Editorial & Op/Ed Editors Grace Kaucic Clara Richter Tim Johnson

Anthony Ahlegian

Sports Editors

Joe Ginley Dale Armbruster

Diversions Editors Nicholas Sciarappa Matt Hribar

Laura Bednar Megan Katz Mary Frances McGowan Colleen Reilly Katii Sheffield


Op/Ed

18

Dec. 12, 2013

OURVIEW

Fun League It’s looking like Christmas Mentz’s Minute: No strikes again

Abrial Neely Staff Reporter

We all know the timeless Christmas tune “It’s Beginning to Look a Lot Like Christmas.” We sing the lyrics at the top of our lungs as soon as we sense the first snowfall. And, if you are anything like me, you sing along to it off-key when you think no one is listening. While there is no shame in getting into the Christmas spirit, we should be asking ourselves an important question. Just how can we determine when it is appropriate for it to begin looking a lot like Christmas? I cannot quite pinpoint when the birth of Jesus turned into a Hallmark Christmas movie ad.As soon as the radio stations start to play the classic Christmas carols we all know and love, everything changes, and not necessarily for the better. With Christmas right around the corner, I could not help but noticed that each year the Christmas season begins earlier. We don’t even flinch when stores bring out candy canes and wreaths right after October 31. It is almost as if Christmas has become its very own season. From a young age, we learn the true meaning of Christmas but somewhere along the way we have gotten greedy. I, like many others, have an extensive Christmas list filled with the different material items that I would love to have in my possession. While I am aware that

these things have no real meaning, I still find myself desperate to have them. It’s not to say that this is completely my fault. Society has had a major impact on how people feel about the holidays. Each major holiday is accompanied by society telling us what we should want. On Valentine’s Day, it is all about getting your significant other that special 24-carat gold bracelet. Easter is making sure the Easter Bunny has made his rounds. And Christmas is about finding the right gifts and outdoing the neighbors’ lights display. People say the holidays are about spending time with family but, in reality, the holidays have become much more commercialized. If you were to turn on your TV right now, the only thing you would see would be Christmas commercials. Though it is healthy to want material goods, it is important to know that they will not truly satisfy you. I don’t want to sound like I am preaching to the choir, but if we take a moment to look around, we can see just how commercial this holiday has become. Two weeks ago, we were celebrating Thanksgiving, one of the most popular family holidays. However, because of the Christmas craze, Thanksgiving is not always about family anymore. Now that Black Friday, the day after Thanksgiving, is known as the beginning of the Christmas shopping season, people completely overlook Thanksgiving. Employees are being forced to leave their families in order to work through the holiday.

Lines for Black Friday start forming earlier each year. Certain malls and shopping centers opened their doors at 8 p.m. Thanksgiving Day and did not close them until Friday at 8 p.m. This was all to allow shoppers time to hunt for those amazing Black Friday deals which in all likelihood will still be there until the stores close on Christmas Eve. Though shopping has a lot to do with Christmas being overly commercialized, it is sadly not the only thing that contributes to it. In this day and age, we have access to more information at the touch of a button. Social media sites such as Facebook and Pinterest add fuel to the fire. Having the world able to see the many things you post, people tend to develop a competitive side, adding even more pressure. Christmas parties have to be more extravagant than the next, your snowman-shaped sugar cookies must be more appealing than your friend’s and gifts should be wrapped more perfectly than your sibling’s. I understand the excitement that comes along with the Christmas holiday, but it is much too easy to get carried away. Christmas is only a short two weeks away, and focusing on the shallow matters is a way to lose the real meaning of the holiday. While it is wonderful to give gifts to friends, relatives and co-workers, we should all take time in this busy holiday season to remember that the greatest gift of all is the one that God gave to all of mankind. Contact Abrial Neely at aneely17@jcu.edu

Wonderword:

What does ramfeezled mean?

“Overwhelmed by weasels”

“Flustered”

John Bannon, sophomore

Eleni Nikolakis, sophomore

“The act of getting mauled by a ram” Sergey Kolomiyets, junior

Ramfeezled: worn out, exhausted; confused, muddled

The

Ryllie Danylko Managing Editor

The Carroll News

www.jcunews.com

A good employee is someone who is motivated, creative, organized, eager to learn, and now, more than ever … unpaid. Unpaid internships have exploded over the past two decades. Twenty years ago, only about 27 percent of college graduates were working at unpaid internships, but today that number stands at approximately 50 percent. Employers are becoming masters at enticing eager young students and graduates who are on the cusp of entering a lessthan-flourishing job market with the hope of an impressive addition to their resume and a chance to get

Ryllie

their feet wet in their desired field. And at least for now, these students (myself included) are buying into it. I’m not devaluing the benefits of internships –after all, I’ve done four unpaid internships throughout my college career. They give students the opportunity to get real-life work experience and a peek at what their future career might look like. I’m on board with the idea of paying my dues and starting at the bottom of the food chain. What concerns me is the possibility that some employers are taking advantage of unpaid internships with little regard to how these positions affect the interns themselves or the other employees. I can’t speak for all unpaid interns and their individual experiences, but there also seems to be a wide variety of ways that internships operate. Some interns are relegated to clerical or assistant duties like making copies and running errands. Others contribute significantly to company projects

Factor:

and deal directly with clients. These are duties that many companies used to pay workers to perform. Whatever way you look at it, labor is being robbed of its value. One of the worst evils that unpaid internships present is the lack of equal opportunity. For students who receive scholarships for college or whose parents take on all or part of their tuition bill, unpaid internships are a viable option. But for students who need to work one or more jobs to pay their way through school, they miss out on opportunities for internships. Down the road, employers will be more likely to hire graduates who have had internship experience. Thus, short-term financial insecurity puts these people at risk for longterm financial insecurity, and the model for the virtually nonexistent class mobility in the United States economy ensues. The situation is even bleaker for interns whose employers don’t cover

Zach Mentz Editor in Chief

From the beginning of September through early February, almost every single Sunday is highlighted by a full slate of NFL action. With each NFL game comes a unique gameday experience, and that experience begins as soon as you arrive on site of the home stadium. Tailgating is an essential part of the gameday experience; anyone who’s ever attended an NFL game knows that. Whether it’s battling inclement weather in Cleveland or Buffalo, chanting “Who dat?” in New Orleans or fans unifying as the “Red Sea” in Kansas City, each and every NFL game has its own personality. After all, the tailgate is half the fun. So, I wonder: If tailgating is allowed at every NFL game throughout the regular season and playoffs, why would it be outlawed at the pinnacle game of the season, the Super Bowl? It sounds crazy, and it most certainly is, but that’s exactly what the NFL has decided: no tailgating will be allowed at Super Bowl XLVIII. The NFL’s championship game, which takes place on Feb. 2, 2014, will be hosted at MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, N.J., just outside of New York City. While there’s sure to be snow flurries and cold weather, there won’t be any fans tailgating the game, and that’s just a travesty. “You will be allowed to have food in your car and have drink in your car,” said Al Kelly, Super Bowl XLVIII committee CEO. “And, provided you’re in the boundaries of a single parking space, you’ll be able to eat or drink right next to your car. However, you’re not going to be able to take out a lounge chair, you’re not going to be able to take out a grill and you’re not going to be able to take up more than one parking space.” Sounds like a blast, Al. Sitting in the confines of your car and drinking a soda while wishing you had more room to stretch your legs. That is exactly how you should tailgate the biggest sporting event in all of sports. Note the sarcasm in that last paragraph. To be blunt, outlawing tailgating

at the Super Bowl is an absolute joke, except there’s no punch line. In 2012, the city of Indianapolis hosted the Super Bowl and took over a three-block area of downtown and held a 10-day interactive festival before the game. Earlier this year, New Orleans hosted the Super Bowl and had a 15,000-square-foot tent for a tailgate party just hours before the game. At the upcoming Super Bowl in February, there will be lots of snow and fans sitting in their cars, eating ham sandwiches because they won’t be allowed to use a grill. No atmosphere, no camaraderie, no tailgating. Sounds like quite the pre-game celebration for a sporting event that is watched by over 100 million people across the globe. Furthermore, fans will not be allowed to park nearby and walk to the stadium, nor will they be able to arrive via taxi or limo, as only vehicles with parking passes will be allowed near the premises. With only 13,000 parking spots for over 80,000 attendees, fans have two other options: Purchase a $51 bus ticket on the “Fan Express” or take the New Jersey transit to the stadium. Traveling to and from the Super Bowl just outside of New York City was already a difficult enough task to begin with, and the NFL only seems to be complicating this matter. The NFL has been heavily criticized in recent years for disallowing touchdown celebrations, stifling creativity and has even been dubbed as the “No Fun League.” Beyond that, the NFL has attempted to make a violent sport “safe” by throwing a yellow penalty flag on just about any defensive hit these days. But we’ll save that topic for another column. Sure, it will likely be freezing at MetLife Stadium on Feb. 2, but if fans wants to turn into icicles while grilling out and playing cornhole, then let them have at it. That doesn’t seem to be the NFL’s plan, though. Instead, the NFL seems to have their product right on track for less and less fun and excitement by season. If the NFL sticks with this dictatorship attitude, then maybe in 20 years the Super Bowl will be nothing but a wine and cheese gathering with a flag football game to follow. Contact Zach Mentz at zmentz14@jcu.edu or @ZachMentz on Twitter

Unpaid dues

costs for transportation and parking, which means they are losing money every day they go to work. In the U.S., where minimum wage and living wage are not synonymous, the fact that so many students and graduates are working for no wages at all is ludicrous. But increasingly, it seems that an internship is a prerequisite for a paid position, and the market for internships is growing more and more competitive. Furthermore, the hiring of unpaid interns can take away positions for entry-level or low-tier jobs. Why would an employer pay someone a salary when they can have an intern do the same work for free? The only people ultimately benefitting from unpaid internships are employers themselves. What really put me over the edge was when I heard that an unpaid intern lost a sexual harassment lawsuit against her former employer on the grounds that she was not paid,

and therefore not considered an employee of the company. If interns are unpaid, it seems that the least companies could do is protect them against workplace crime, but that goes to show just how corrupt the situation is. It seems like Americans are ready to throw unpaid internships onto the growing heap of unfair employment practices – along with insufficient minimum wage, inadequate sexual harassment protection policies and employment discrimination – and let it become yet another injustice that people gripe about but tolerate. Some may argue that unpaid internships are a great way to make professional contacts, and this is true. But do you know what else is a great way to make professional contacts? A paying job. Contact Ryllie Danylko at rdanylko15@jcu.edu


Op/Ed

The Carroll News

www.jcunews.com

Things you ask for for Christmas but never get

1. Red Rider BB Gun 6. Playmobile Palace 7. A significant other 2. A Pony 3. American Girl Doll 8. A job 4. Browns Super 9. Social skills 10. 64 pack of Bowl ticket Crayola Crayons 5. Nerf bullets —Compiled by the Editorial staff

Grace Kaucic Editorial & Op/Ed Editor About a week ago, I was wasting time on Pinterest and stumbled onto this quote about Christmas that said, “Being an American Christian means celebrating the birth of a Jewish savior by receiving gifts beneath a Pagan tree from an obese, German trespasser.” At first read, I thought this quote was really funny because it’s actually quite true. The more I thought about it though, the less funny it became. It’s actually quite sad to me now thinking that this is what Christmas has become today, and most people don’t even realize this. I can’t be the only one who’s noticed that stores have begun putting out Christmas decorations earlier and earlier every year, and I also can’t tell you how many people pointed out the absurdity of me putting Papyrus’ Christmas cards on display in the store in the middle of October. It was definitely reassuring to see that at least some people were outraged at our company choosing to promote Christmas before Halloween had even happened, but then that was all crushed when other people came in and asked when we would be getting more Christmas cards. I understand that, for most people, Christmas has a very magical and heartwarming feel to it, and why shouldn’t it? For Christians, it’s the time to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ, which was a pretty big deal. For non-Christians, it’s a time to embrace the spirit of love and generosity. Obviously, these are all great things, so it makes sense that people want to celebrate it as much as possible. Christmas becomes not so great, though, when people become so wrapped up in the idea of giving and receiving that, like Thanksgiving, they forget why the holiday was created in the first place. Christmas has a pretty extensive background, stemming from cultures before Christianity was even practiced. There are a lot of differences in the way it has been practiced throughout the years, and obviously it is now primarily celebrated as a Christian holiday, but the baseline

For the love of giving thanks, part two of Christmas has stayed the same in every culture and every age: it is a celebration of life. Somehow, over the years, the holiday has changed into one that doesn’t really celebrate life, but instead promotes greed. I’m not accusing everyone who celebrates Christmas of being greedy and forgetting the true meaning, nor am I pretending that I don’t get excited by all the cute, fun things that come with the season like decorating the tree, wrapping gifts and listening to holiday music. The point is that commercialism is again making us forget why we even started celebrating in the first place. The way most retail stores promote Christmas nowadays doesn’t celebrate life but instead fosters greed and furthermore ignorance of the more important things in life. People freak out about Christmas like it’s the most important thing that happens all year, but the reality is that most don’t even know exactly what they’re celebrating. As the Pinterest quote indicates, it has become a giant bowl of all kinds of religious practices and no one even really realizes it. I think it’s fine to borrow practices from other cultures, but the point is to understand the deeper meanings behind those practices and celebrate them too. That is not what most Americans do these days. At least, not from what I’ve seen. What I’ve seen is the media shoving these superficial, consumer-driven images of Christmas in our faces and people being manipulated into thinking that the holidays are about who has the best decorations and prettiest trees and nicest gifts. I think it’s appalling that our society is literally so obsessed with appearances and, even more so, with consumerism that we forget what we are even supposed to be celebrating in the first place. When did fighting other shoppers for the last Barbie doll in Target become a way to celebrate life? Aren’t we supposed to be happy for all of the things we already have? I will say the same thing that I said about Black Friday – it’s about time to stop focusing so much on shallow things that detract from our humanity and start remembering what we are supposed to be celebrating in the first place. Please.

Contact Grace Kaucic at gkaucic15@jcu.edu

Dec. 12, 2013

Off the Richter: Not yo mama’s top 10

The Op/Ed Top Ten:

Goodness Gracious:

19

Clara Richter Editorial & Op/Ed Editor

It’s almost the end of another calendar year and in my mind that means three things: resolutions I’m not going to keep, making people listen to me recite sections of Tennyson’s “In Memoriam” and top 50 best album of the year lists. I don’t have room here to outline the albums I would put in the top 50 (and frankly, I probably couldn’t even think of 50 albums that came out in the past year), so I’m going to keep it short and stick to the top 10. They’re also not going to be in any particular order. They’re the top 10, but they’re not ranked 10 to one or anything. They’re just 10 good albums from the year 2013. I am aware that many of you are going to disagree with me, and that’s fine. You’re allowed to have different musical tastes than I do, but this is my column so it’s going to be about music I like (that you should probably listen to because it’s all pretty darn good). I’ll start with Laura Marling, because that’s who I’m currently listening to. Her fourth studio album “Once I was an Eagle” was released in mid-May and the fact that it wasn’t completely overshadowed by the release of Vampire Weekend’s “Modern Vampires of the City” speaks volumes. Laura is an indie-folker from England who has forged a path of her own, one that is dark, twined with vines, brooding and slightly unsettling. Her album is a dark look at a life postrelationship, and though part of you wishes she’d just get over it, another

part of you doesn’t want her to ever stop being angry about it if it keeps producing such amazing music. Vampire Weekend’s 2013 release ranks among the top 10 for various reasons, which I’m not even sure I have to explain. If you’ve listened to it, you know. If you haven’t, you need to. One thing’s for sure, Ezra and the boys have certainly hit their stride (though I’m pretty sure they hit it in 2007 when they released their self-titled album). May was a month for music, with Brooklyn-based The National releasing their sixth studio album titled “Trouble Will Find Me.” It’s haunting and is easy to listen to pretty much all the time. The Arctic Monkey’s fifth album, released in early September, definitely has a place somewhere in the top 10. The Sheffield boys lost a little momentum with their fourth album “Suck it and See” but they’ve certainly gained it back with “AM.” Even if it isn’t the best of their albums, there’s something nostalgic about it. It’s always nice when a band that you used to jam to in high school releases something new. And if you’re angry and lovelorn, it’ll speak to your soul. Archie Marshall, aka King Krule (aka Edgar the Beatmaker aka Zoo Kid aka DJ JD Sports), released his first album this year on his 19th birthday. Indie-rock with blues and electro influences, “6 Feet Beneath the Moon” doesn’t seem like the work of someone not even two decades old. Since we’re talking about Brits, let’s talk about one more, James Blake. His second album “Overgrown” released earlier this year is as beautiful as it is haunting, with Blake’s falsetto sung over his piano and electro instrumentals paired with very subtle soul influences. It could not be more lovely.

Dale Earnhardt Jr. Jr. may have a ridiculous name, but their second album, “The Speed of Things,” was anything but ridiculous. Also natives of D-town, Daniel Zott and Joshua Epstein basically just know how to bump a nice beat. It’s fun and it’s chill. Arcade Fire released their much anticipated fourth studio album “Reflektor” in late October and, to be quite honest, I wasn’t the biggest fan at first. But I grew to love it. It’s just a little more dance-y than what we’ve come to expect from Arcade Fire, but since it was produced by LCD Soundsystem’s James Murphy, that makes complete sense. Even though Daft Punk released an album this year, in my mind electro has become a young person’s game. The brothers of Disclosure are barely into their 20s (well, one of them is, the other is 19) and their debut album “Settle” proves my point. The album has some great features, too, including Sam Smith, Jessie Ware and AlunaGeorge. The 10th and final album could be a tie between at least three different bands, but I’m going to have to say it’s Los Campesinos! “No Blues.” Los Camp has been on my radar for a long time, but this album is certainly among their finest, in this humble reporter’s opinion. I could go on, but I can’t (word count issues, am I right?). Overall, 2013 was a pretty great year for music. A nice mixture of old friends releasing new albums and new friends releasing some of their first stuff. It’s made me really excited for future artists and for what’s coming in 2014.

Follow Clara on Twitter at @claraplast

YOURVIEW Letter to the editor Written by Samah Assad, Cleveland State University student

I didn’t think I’d leave John Carroll University’s “Stand With Israel” event feeling disrespected, not just as an Arab or Palestinian-American, but as a human being. My cousin, a JCU student, alerted me that Yoram Ettinger, former Israel ambassador, planned to visit to discuss Christianity and its growing support for Israel. I’m a Cleveland State University student who believes learning and conversing with others are true ways to combat prejudice and religious conflict in society. So I decided to attend with plans to learn, respectfully discuss and ask questions. However, the event on Tuesday, Nov. 19 was not at all what I – or many people I spoke with in the audience afterward – expected. The event’s fliers painted it as one about Christianity, but Ettinger stood in front of a packed auditorium and attacked cultural groups through condescending and derogatory remarks instead. The audience was in an uproar, and what sparked the chaos was Ettinger’s decision to bring up the

Israeli-Palestinian conflict and his personal opinions on the Arab race, which were not even topics meant to be discussed. They were blatantly projected with no shame and left me jaw-dropped. “Arabs don’t shed blood for Palestinians,” he generalized, citing what he considers to be a conflict between Arabs. He incorrectly spoke for Arabs again, stating that they are under control in Palestine because they “want” to be controlled. He also raised an irrelevant discussion about decreasing Arab birth rates, then ironically and offensively referred to the situation as an “Arab tsunami.” While the event escalated into an obscured perspective about Arab relations, the Q&A session was no better. When my brother and I asked for clarification on one of his remarks, Ettinger told us to read the Quran to better learn about our religion. He also firmly claimed that Palestine is simply not a country because there is no “P” in the Arabic alphabet. I’m not sure which is worse: the fact that this was

even considered to be a sound argument, or that I can trace my Palestinian heritage back for five centuries, which trumps his statement. JCU is not at fault for the speaker’s words, and I’m sure the university had good intentions while planning the event. But I’m surprised no one supervising intervened during the ridiculing of a whole population, including many in the audience. This was also unfair to those who attended the event to hear a completely different lecture. As someone who strives to use my voice as a tool to one day see peace in the Middle East for all people, the lecture at JCU was sole evidence of why political, religious and racial conflict still exists. It was not progressive conversation that united people through understanding and education – it hindered any sort of coexistence in the room. In fact, I left feeling completely divided. And at a welcoming, diverse university, it was shocking that, to my knowledge, no one tried to stop it, reaffirming that it’s accepted in society to treat people this way.

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Dec. 12, 2013  

Vol. 90, No. 11

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