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BRUCELLOSIS: A POTENTIAL PANDEMIC OR A HOAX? Pushya Chokshi After the exploding new cases of COVID-19 around the globe, recently brucellosis is making its way in the news regarding its potential of becoming a new pandemic. Brucellosis is endemic in animal husbandry and there is a lot of information regarding the same in medicine. Recently a lot of discussions are going around on social media regarding the outbreak of brucellosis going on in the Lanzhou city of China. This incident took place in the later months of 2019, the brucellosis bacteria was accidentally released into the atmosphere from the Lanzhou pharmaceuticals due to the use of expired disinfectants in the production of bruchester vaccine. The virus was responsible for affecting the population of Lanzhou city along with the staff working at the laboratory. Initially, by the end of December 2019, there were 181 confirmed brucellosis cases according to the local news report from Xinhua (state-run news agency)*. As the infectious agent was airborne in the city many individuals were affected, as of September 14, 2020, a total of 21,817 people were tested for brucellosis out of which 4646 were initially deemed as positive and 3245 were confirmed 3


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positive by the provincial CDC review**. Lanzhou pharmaceuticals along with the local government oďŹƒcial are trying hard to compensate the aected individuals and assisting in the region cleanup. Various patents and approval which was given to Lanzhou pharma during this period were revoked as the result of this accident. The pharmaceutical company also published an apology letter in the newspaper regarding the incident.

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Brucellosis is not a newly found disease like COVID-19, it was found commonly in many regions for a long time and is usually associated with cattle, swine, goats, sheep, and dogs. Animals usually get infected and the

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disease is spread to humans by the consumption of infected animal or animal products (consumption of unpasteurized milk). Inhalation of the bacteria is also the possible route of infection like this outbreak, but human to human transmission is extremely rare. The disease is currently curable with the use of antibiotics and vaccination in the cattle. Currently, brucellosis is considered as one of the occupation-related diseases and its probability of becoming a pandemic is very low. Canada does not have an outbreak of this disease right now and the chances of this becoming endemic in Canada are negligible. It can be safely said that the information that was spread across social media was merely a hoax. Sources: Xinhuanet* Health commission of Lanzhou city** World health organization oďŹƒcial website.

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NEW NORMAL; NEW ME. HOW TO BE PRODUCTIVE DURING A GLOBAL PANDEMIC Manini Sethi Let's face facts: this *is* the new normal. But just because we're in the middle of a global pandemic doesn't mean everything has to come to a standstill. You can still be productive and make the best out of all this new found time and use it to your advantage. Here's how you can grow, professionally and personally in the new virtual world. â–ł Intern with a start-up Acadium is a platform which connects students and people new to the job market to start ups who are looking for apprentice. Most apprenticeships are conducted virtually and are three months in duration. Shivam Sadana, ambassador at Acadium told Caper Times that "Acadium is a great one stop platform for students to gain work experience and to make connections with start ups that are ready to boom. You will learn 7


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and grow with the organization under the mentorship of someone from the industry. Best part: the learning and getting into the market place is free of cost" You can register for Acadium here. The platform is quick and easy to use. As soon as you cover a few online courses (which take 10-15 minutes each, you can join the marketplace and founders of start ups will contact you. You can then pick a company which matches your interests and aligns with your long term career goals. â–ł Learn something new and enhance your CV by taking online classes. Online classes don't have to be expensive, and they definitely don't have to be boring. You can take up online classes on almost anything that interests you, from make-up to stock markets. You can find free courses on Coursera here.

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Harvard University, a name you definitely wouldn't mind having on your CV, oers a variety of free online courses in math, science, humanities and computer science. You can find these courses here. △ Improve your communication, leadership and public speaking skills by joining a Toast Masters club. Toast Masters International is a not-for-profit organization which teaches public speaking and leadership skills around the world through a network of clubs (16,800 clubs across 143 countries). Joining a toast masters club will help boost your confidence and is not going to be a hole in your pocket. Members pay international dues of $45 USD every six months, plus a new member fee of $20.* Caper Times reached out to Robin Tyagi, a business student at CBU and a Toast Masters Club member since two years, to talk about his experience with the club. Robin first joined a Toast Masters club in 2018 when he moved to a new city and wanted to network and also work on his communication skills. Not only did the club help Robin get over his fear of public speaking while improving his language skills, but it also helped him grow his network. His first mentor at the club was a Vice President at a leading multinational investment firm. Robin also talks about how the clubs helps each member grow, personally and professionally by supporting one another and by providing feedback on various aspects of speech such as grammar, tone and voice modulation. Lastly, Robin says that *each and every* student would definitely benefit in some way or the other by joining a toast masters club. The clubs are very accessible, easy on the pockets, and can be found in almost any part of the world. Since meetings are carried out on a weekly or biweekly bases they do not pressurize one's schedule either. He also adds that he visited the Toast Masters club in Sydney and was surprised to find no student members.

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Due to Covid-19, many club activities are now being conducted online on video conferencing platforms, but you can look for a group close to you. Some Toast masters clubs allow potential members to attend a session free of charge when they are considering joining the club. Reach out to your local club for more details on this. â–ł Invest in Stocks Don't know much about stocks or the stock market? This may be a great time to start. Many e-learning platforms such as ShawAcademy, Coursera and UDemy have free online courses on investing which are designed for biginners. 10


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Here are three which you may want to look into if you are new to investing. ✎Investing 101: Stock Market Course for Beginners by Stock Market 101. ✎ WeathSimple Masterclass is perfect for those who want to get in the game quick. This course will only take 45 minutes-1 hour to complete. ✎ Stock Market Foundations by Jason Whaliang on UDemy. Trading in the stock market is easier and much less intimidating than what it may seem at first. You can even trade stocks from your phone. WealthSimple is a 0% comission stock trading platform that allows you to trade stocks from your mobile devices. △ Make use of on-campus resources CBU's library offers a wide variety of services which students can access from home or access in compliance with covid-19 restrictions. These include (but are not limited to) free online e-books, chatting with a librarian for research assistance and curb-side pick up for books. Access these CBU library services here.

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You can also book an appointment at CBU's Writing Center to improve your writing skills. If you're struggling with a particular essay based assignment or if you want help formatting your CV, you can book an appointment with the writing center here.

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DIFFERENT SHOES, SAME WALKS: ONLINE LEARNING! Hridya Chaudhary There’s no denying that September 2020 school semester shook up our concepts of universities as a whole. It is way different than anything we would’ve imagined our university experience to be. Teaching/learning is stressful in itself, add navigating online portals to it - it becomes 2x more stressful especially if you aren’t expecting it. Every person has their own experiences regarding it, but there are major overlaps in all of them.

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CT interviewed three people who have been dealing with this online semester in different ways. First up is a Humanities professor, Dr. Sylvia Burrow (Philosophy and Religious Studies), residing in Cape Breton, followed by Mandeep Kaur, pursuing her Post Baccalaureate diploma in Business Management all the way from Delhi, India, and then there’s me, Hridya Chaudhary, doing my Bachelor of Arts in Psychology and English from Halifax, Nova Scotia. 1. Are you satisfied with the online services / features available at Cape Breton University?  Dr. Burrow: I’m fairly satisfied with the online services at CBU. Perhaps more - or just different forms of - technical support could be made available to students while they figure out Moodle and Teams and so forth. I wonder if they are accessing their “Start Smart” info. I receive a fairly large number of basic questions that tell me more information uptake by the students would be a good thing. I am not sure what would do the work of encouraging them to get on board with the ins and outs of the technology but I do see a need there. Chaudhary: Outlook, Moodle, Microsoft Teams, and Zoom are all the services I use for my classes. I am fairly satisfied with it, no complaints. Although I do personally prefer Zoom over Teams, the fact that not all of my classes require me to be on video all the time makes up for it. I do feel that CBU IT services take a while to get back to you but that’s probably just because they’re swarmed with emails. Dr. Burrow is right, I haven’t done the Start Smart course but my brain would probably benefit from the information uptake.   2. Which tools do you use the most while teaching online?  Dr. Burrow: When I’m teaching online I’m using a lot of the features of Teams and Moodle. I find that I have plenty of resources there and I don’t need to turn elsewhere! Chaudhary: Outlook, Moodle, Microsoft Teams, and Zoom.  14


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3. Do you think your students/you are tech savvy enough or equipped to use the benefit of online learning? What about neurodivergent students? Dr. Burrow: From what I can tell, students need more time to get used to the technology involved in online learning. But I don’t think it will take too much time for people to catch on. Much of this is new to students but with time I think many will be able to grasp the new use of technology. Having said that, I do think students need more, or just different sources of information, regarding how things work online. Especially that is the case for neurodivergent students, who might need extra time or simply different ways of understanding how things work for different classes and using different media to access those classes. I would say that should be a top priority of the Jennifer Keeping Access Centre, front and centre. Chaudhary: I was so frustrated in the beginning when we had a -newMoodle site, a -new- CBU website, and navigation of -new- online courses all at once. The overload of -new- things was overwhelming and definitely took time to get used to but I am now fine with it. One advantage of online learning is the fact that some teachers are going above and beyond to make education more accessible to everyone who learns in different ways. For example, my Psychology professor, Andrea Shaheen has been uploading her lecture powerpoint presentations along with her audio video voice overs, which makes it specifically easy for me to follow through because it is easier for me to concentrate on the voice more rather than the text.   4. How was your transition from hands on teaching/learning to online teaching/learning like?  Dr. Burrow: I’ve taught online for quite a long time, using different platforms as technology has progressed. So I’m fairly familiar with much of what happens in the background of online learning. However, I’m still learning and adapting, especially in the Teams environment. So transitioning within Teams has been interesting, and I’ve adapted my pedagogy to its environment  - my teaching now lies somewhere in-between what I would 15


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do in a face-to-face environment and what I’ve done in the past for online courses. Chaudhary: I’ve taken online summer courses before but this semester is way different than traditional online courses. Summer courses you wrap up in two months, you’re at your own mercy if you want to learn but this fall semester, I feel like teachers are holding students accountable for learning which is a vice and a virtue at the same time. 5. As a teacher do you think online learning has more pros than cons or is it the other way around?  Dr. Burrow: Online learning can be highly beneficial to students, particularly those who would like extra time to go over notes or other material – at least if it’s all there, posted, so there’s lots of time to access it. Also, if people can access material at times then that might be more convenient to them, say if they are working, have a heavy class load, or have children, they might like to access material at times that fit their schedule better. Online learning has its advantages. But it is not a replacement for F2F learning, that is for sure. And whether or not online learning works well as an accompaniment to F2F learning (or as a replacement even) really depends on who is accessing the course – so whether or not online learning is beneficial for any one particular student is a matter of what their particular needs are and whether their online course format meets those needs. 6. According to you, what are the main challenges in online teaching/ learning?  Dr. Burrow: Learning in an online environment can be challenging, absolutely. If a student is uncertain about how to use the technology or is reluctant to have their voice heard (literally, or through online chats or emails) then that student is at risk of not getting as much out of the course as they would have liked. On the other hand, plenty of students do not want to have their voice heard in a F2F setting and have the same problem in that setting – those students might end up becoming more vocal in email or chats when they otherwise would have stayed silent. So there can be bonuses to 16


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online learning. It depends on the students’ needs and abilities, whether or not their learning will be successful – whether they are in an online or F2F setting. Kaur: In my opinion, online learning is pretty challenging and tiring. As easy as we first thought it would be, it comes with a great deal of drawbacks. According to me the biggest challenge that is offered is regarding the network issues. For a person like me, missing on studies gives a lot of anxiety and if during lectures my network crashes it will create a state of utter panic and anxiety for me. Though our professors record our lectures it still disrupts the flow of learning. Another issue that I feel students across the world are facing is to stay updated about the courses. There are a lot of apps we have downloaded and then we look at the outlook email which we have to check on a regular basis. Staying updated becomes more difficult when you and your professors are living in different time zones. For example, if my professor posts something on moodle @4:30pm  from his end, I'm receiving it at @2am. So the first thing I do in the morning after I wake up is to check my Moodle, top hat, slate, and Outlook.  Keeping this all aside, I really appreciate my Professors who are working really hard to give us a great University experience even when they themselves are facing challenges from online classes.  7. Do you think online teaching platforms should be upgraded or are you satisfied with the current state?  Dr. Burrow: CBU has quite recent forms of software for online learning so I am not concerned about that. 8. How do time zones play a role in your ability to attend class, learn and/or complete assignments? Kaur: Time zones play a great role in online classes. My day is completely topsy turvy because of the classes. I attend classes till @8 and then start studying which takes more than 3 hours and have my dinner @11. Also since we are living with our families, there will be times when we have to go 17


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somewhere or run some errands, it will be arduous for us to manage our time accordingly. For me my class starts @5:15pm everyday, and if I have to go somewhere, either I have to go in the morning and return before 5 or go after 8pm when my classes end. 9. If given the power to change one thing about this whole shebang, what would you change and why?  Dr. Burrow: Perhaps we could see more technical support for students right from day one to offer very basic walk-through instructions right on up to more technical details of accessing online learning. But this is more of a wish for the future, when people have a bit more time. We have just been thrown into online learning suddenly because of the pandemic. So I am not disrespecting our CBU IT services people. They have done an incredible job implementing so much new software to handle a huge wave of online learning while they too are in the face of a pandemic. Kudos to our CBU IT Services people! Kaur: If I have the power, I'll honestly condemn this entire online learning system (kidding). Looking at the current system, I would like to change 1 thing and that is:  I'll ask the professors to take either synchronous or asynchronous classes. It feels really tough to go through 2-3 videos of 30mins each,  reading the textbook and then attending a 1hr 15mins class for the same courses. Want it or not, we have to devote more time to that particular course which leaves us with less time for other courses and then we have to eat, sleep, and watch some Netflix too.  10. Do you think online learning is the future?  Dr. Burrow: I’d like to see teaching become more flexible for students. So having online teaching can really help students who might find it hard to make it into class, like those with physical or cognitive disabilities or impairments, working students, students who live far from campus, and students who might find it difficult just to make it in because of transportation issues. Those aren’t even all the reasons why offering some online components might help students. But that need not mean the end of 18


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F2F teaching. And I don’t think it should mean the end of F2F teaching because that is really where the learning environment functions best, I would say. At least from my perspective now. Perhaps in 5 years things will look different. But I suspect that nothing is really going to top F2F learning. 11. Do you think an AI takeover is inevitable? Dr. Burrow: AI is continually developing and has become ubiquitous in our current environment. We benefit from it quite a lot in our daily lives, whether we are aware of that or not. At any rate, I doubt that we will be taken over by AI. But we might get taken in by it, at least in some circumstances. It’s easy for someone to be fooled or duped if they don’t know what to look out for. Kaur: I don't think AI takeover is inevitable. I have hope for the future and I feel we'll be on campus in January. So these online classes are going to end soon. Maybe in future, schools and universities will consider AI but for now it is difficult for students sitting in different countries with different time zones. Chaudhary: Oh god, please NO. I wouldn’t want to survive in a world without feelings. (EMPATHY, PEOPLE!) 

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STUDENT RENTAL GUIDE 101 Pushya Chokshi Housing is a major concerns that students have. Here are some tips to make your life easier next time you are looking for accommodation. Many students are often unaware of the laws regarding leasing. Some students, especially those who are new to the area and are in a hurry to find a house end up making mistakes which could unexpectedly cost them in the future. This article focuses on the laws regarding renting taken from the Residential Tenancy Guide of Nova Scotia. The first thing suggested by the Rental Guide of Nova Scotia is to inspect the premises that you are looking to rent. If you are not able to look at it in-person, try and make sure someone you know inspects it. If this is not possible, you can even arrange a video call with your landlord to show you the rental unit. Make sure that the location matches your requirements in terms of distance from your job and/or school(if we are talking about the pre-covid19 era obviously) along

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with other factors such as rent, ease of transport, and distance from other amenities. Once you pick a place, try to get information about the rental unit and about the landlord by asking the previous tenants (if it is possible) regarding their experience of that place. If you are renting in a housing complex owned by a company, you may even be able to find helpful reviews online. Remember to pay special attention to pest issues such as mice and roach infestation. Once you have finalized a place, start the application process. You may be required include your personal information along with your employment and residential history and maybe even a credit check. The application process should be free of cost. The landlord may ask the tenant to provide the appropriate references but the landlord has no right to ask about the Social insurance number of the tenant. Any amount that is taken by the landlord before signing a lease is considered as a security deposit. •

The landlord can ask for ½ month’s rent as a deposit, not more than that. This deposit can be used to cover the repairs of damage that might be caused to the property by you, but this can deposit can not towards the normal wear and tear or for deep cleaning of the place.

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Inspect the property with the landlord if possible and fill out the rental unit condition report form to note down any damage on the property. Any damage not covered in the form can be considered the responsibility of the future tenant.

Image source: first and second page of form P from novascotia.ca Signing the lease- your lease consists of some basic information including start date, landlord information, security amount, rent details, and requirements of ending the lease. Lease renewal is usually on a yearly, monthly, or weekly basis. These periodic leases are usually on the autorenewal basis until the notice for termination is received. Once moved in you can request your landlord to change the lease from a yearly to monthly basis by submitting the DR1 form at least 3 months before termination.

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Image source:novascotia.ca Once the lease is signed tenant should receive a copy of the lease from the landlord within 10 days. If the lease agreement paper is not signed then the rules go for a monthly basis. For late rent, the landlord can charge 1% of the monthly rent as a penalty. Rent can be in any form from cash, direct deposit, or cheque. To increase rent for the place the landlord has to give at least 4 months of notice before that, and it can only be done once in 12 month period. The landlord can increase the rent to any amount but tenants can choose to terminate the contract by submitting Form-C: tenants notice to quit before the time limit. Image source: Form C from novascotia.ca If the utilities are included in the rent then the landlord has no right to cut off heat or electricity supply in case of dispute or failure to give rent. The landlord can access the premises but there are few conditions for the same, • it can be done in case of an emergency. •

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After providing the written notice for an entry during the daytime.

You have the right to stop the landlord from entering the house without your permission if no notice was provided and if it is not an emergency situation. If there is a dispute between the landlord and the tenant, both parties should try to resolve the dispute by referring to the lease and residential tenancy act. If the issue persists then the residential tenancy programs are always available to help. Usually, the cases are solved under the outline of the act and lease under legal supervision and help should always be taken when it’s necessary. Application to the director can be made in case of unresolved conflict. Once the basic paperwork of the application is done a mediator is appointed just before hearing if both the applicant and the respondent agree on it. Hearing is made on the toll-free telephone line with the conference code. It is recommended that you keep all the information ready for the preceding and submit the required documents before 7 days to be considered. Once the decision is made you can either follow the orders or can appeal in the smaller courts. All of this procedure usually takes around a month and minimal fees depending upon the amount of claim.

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PS: Remember to check where your closest NSLC is, just in case your friends insist on a house warming party (which they will). Source: Novascotia.ca: tenancy guide

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WINTER IS COMING‌ AND IT’S GOING TO BE ONLINE Manini Sethi On 7th October, Cape Breton University announced that that the upcoming winter semester would be conducted completely online. Not that I'll miss walking in knee deep snow or slipping on black ice twice a week, but this means that in March 2021, we would have had an entire year of campus closure with little to no in person classes. This decision was made by CBU in the light of the global coronavirus pandemic which has disrupted almost every aspect of life as we knew it and which has impacted almost every industry in the economy in complex and irreversible ways.

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CBU also announced that as per the current plan, campus is expected to open for students on 3rd May, 2021. This decision is subject to change depending on the social distancing regulations and the spread of the virus at that time. This decision on whether classes would be conducted in person or online in the upcoming January semester was much awaited by current students as well as those planning on joining the university. Harmanjot Singh, a student considering joining CBU from overseas in January 2021 told Caper Times that he has now decided to defer his education to May 2021 as he would prefer to take his classes in person and as he would also like to “get a feel of University life� along with quality education. CBU isn't the only university in Canada that recently announced it's plan for the upcoming Semester. On 17th August, 2020, Dalhousie University in Halifax announced that "a significant majority" of their courses will continue to be delivered online. The university aims for a "mix of online and in person instruction" and stated that "some courses with particular accreditation requirements or significant experiential learning components will be delivered in person, provided this can be done safely".

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Saint Mary's University recently announced that they will be opting for a mix of online and in person learning methods for the upcoming winter semester. On their website, Saint Mary's announced, "Undergraduate lectures will be delivered online primarily for first, second, and third-year courses and the goal is for every discipline to have opportunities for on-campus experiences, including small class discussion groups, experiential courses, labs, seminars and tutorials. There will also be opportunities for graduate students to meet on campus and in-person in small groups. Other in-person activities will be designed to allow students to experience more peer-to-peer learning, build community, and increase overall engagement. For any students unable or not comfortable moving forward with in-person experiences during the Winter 2021 term, online options will remain available."

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Even though classes are being conducted completely online, students who returned to their home countries and those who recently joined a Canadian Designated Learning Institution (DLI) which has a COVID-19 readiness plan approved by their province or territory will be allowed to enter Canada on a Study Permit from 20th October 2021 even if their classes are currently being conducted online. Government of Canada also announced that a new list of DLIs with approved COVID-19 readiness plans will be published before the 20th of October. They also suggested that those planning on travelling to Canada on study permits should ensure that their university or college is on this list. They also stated that this change does not aect those who are already in Canada. Therefore, those students who have a study permit and are currently staying in Canada would not be required to leave the country if their university or college is not on the DLI list. However, if you leave Canada, you may not be able to return if your university or college doesn’t

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have a COVID-19 readiness plan approved by the province or territory in which you live. In the light of this announcement, CBU also stated that they will be supporting international students who decide to come to Canada by providing supporting documents. Even though the University can not guarantee approval of one’s application to enter Canada, it will support these applications and will help guide students who are seeking to come to Canada to pursue their studies online. CBU students can contact enrolment@cbu.ca to request for enrolment certificates from CBU which would support their application to enter Canada. If you are planning on travelling to Canada, continue to check canada.ca for updates regarding travel restrictions.

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FRIDGE CHECK: YOUR EGGS MIGHT MAKE YOU ILL Pushya Chokshi On October 8th, 2020 a food recall was initiated by the Hilly Acres Farms for the possible contamination of eggs with Salmonella bacteria. This food recall was investigated under The Canadian Food Inspection Agency(CFIA) who is also making sure that the industry removes this recalled product from the market. It was categorized as a class 2 hazard under the CFIA. Official notification was passed by CFIA to the retailers along with other potential users of the product (bakery, café, and restaurants) to not sell or use the recalled products. It was documented that the recalled eggs were circulated in the Newfoundland and Labrador, and Nova Scotia. The recalled eggs consist of 31 different products under various brand names. This included a few of the most commonly sold ones like Compliments(Sobeys), No Name(No Frills), and Great Value(Walmart). All of the eggs had a code date from September 2nd, 2020 to October 31st, 2020.

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Image source: Few illustrations of the recalled products as on CFIA Update: On October 9th, 2020 the recall was updated adding the little information on the previous recall. It was stated that the lot code of 38, N38, or hilly acres are included in the recalled. The distribution of the product in the Cape Breton region of Nova Scotia was clearly marked in this update along with Newfoundland and Labrador. Update: On October 10th, 2020 further information on the recall was posted which included the products from the Trinity Bakeshop Ltd. Six dierent products were listed in the update all having the date code from 26th October 2020 to 1st November 2020.

Image source: CFIA

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There are no reported cases of the illness related to the consumption of these contaminated products. All the stores from small retailers to the shopping malls are making sure that these products are lifted from the shelf without any chaos. Image source: Sobeys Sydney, Nova Scotia

If you think that you are sick after the consumption of these potentially infected products, consult your doctor. If you possess these products it should be either discarded or returned to the retailers. It should be noted that the food products infected with Salmonella might not look spoiled but can potentially make you sick. Elderly people along with children and immunocompromised individuals are at the risk of becoming sick after infection. Symptoms may be short term( fever, headache, vomiting, nausea, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea) or Long-term( severe arthritis). Source: The Canadian food inspection agency (CFIA)

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#HUMANS OF CAPE BRETON UNIVERSITY – MARLENE POWELL Hridya Chaudhary Unlock your phone. If you have that tiny little app called Instagram on there, chances are, you’ve heard of Humans of New York. Humans of New York is a photo series started by Brandon Stanton. Right from the streets of New York to the grids in your hand. We, at Caper Times, are highly inspired by it. So, there you have it, our very own Humans of Cape Breton University. Student of the Year directed by Karan Johar, more like Student of the month by Caper Times.  Treaty Day, October 1st, marks the beginning of Mi’kmaq History Month. So, for the month of October 2020, our #HumansofCapeBretonUniversity is Marlene Powell, a 3rd year CBU student majoring in Psychology. She is from Labrador, and of Métis Decent. She’s a big advocate of gender equality and justice for Indigenous discrimination.  She passed on a statement to us:   “Gender Equality is something not to be celebrated just today, but everyday. Women sacrificed so much and persistently fought for the rights we have today. Recognizing these hardships, battles and things that still need to be advocated for, is important, we cannot stop now.   My name is Marlene Powell and I am a 3rd year university student studying Psychology, I am from Labrador and of Métis Decent. I have thought about what has brought me to where I am today, and it wasn’t an easy journey.  Being a woman takes strength, but sometimes it’s not enough, I am a survivor of domestic violence. It takes a lot to say that, I am not the same person I 34


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was before that, I had to learn that no matter how bad it was, I survived, and I am no longer a victim. I passed that strength on to other women who had experienced similar violence in their lives. I am a strong advocate for MMIW, me and another student named Starla Brown organized an Art awareness showcase at the CBU Library that featured artists all over Canada, pieces not only poured in from northern communities but people’s hearts, the stories and learning I took from that experience was nothing like I have ever done. The amount of people who asked questions, took moose hide campaign pins, volunteers such as Nina Kent, Morgan Toney and Karen Bernard made the event possible. It’s because of the conversations I do have that are opportunities for myself and others to focus on the way we can improve our communities, and advocate for change. It was when a woman from Labrador fell victim to violence when it really hit home, everyone felt it.  35


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Loretta Saunders' picture sits in the showcase at CBU library, and it honours the change she was advocating for, she was Inuk women from Labrador attending St. Mary’s university writing her thesis on MMIW, she sadly never got to finish it because her life was taken by a senseless act of violence. This day we can celebrate our success, but we still have a long way to go in terms of gender equality, Indigenous women and children are more at risk for violence than any other population in Canada. We must advocate and never stop talking about violence against women, learn how to be an advocate, reach out to someone if you think they may be experiencing violence, if everyone took steps for change, we could go far! Let’s make 2020 count for women and girls everywhere.”  We hope this reaches you in time.  PS., As a special mention, our last year's Editor in Chief, Dipanshu Grover, helped us cover Marlene's story.

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CANDIDATE PROFILES: FALL VALEDICTORIANS Â Manini Sethi Graduating from university is one of the most important milestones for many of us and this year is even more unique for many CBU students as the batch of 2020 fought through unprecedented times and graduated in rather chaotic circumstances. But their journey is not yet over, the batch of 2020 has one more critical task left- to vote for their valedictorian. Valedictorian literally translates to "farewell sayer" in Latin, and is the elected representative who will have the honor of giving the farewell speech during the graduation ceremony. The two candidates for Valedictorian and are Austin Chapman and Walter Alvarez-Bardales.

Pictured: Austain Chapman "Born and raised in Millville, NS, 21 year old, Austin Chapman always knew he wanted to stay close to home after graduating High School. Attending Cape Breton University allowed Austin to pursue

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his dream career of helping others by taking the Bachelor of Science in Nursing Program. Austin has always been a home body and was always well involved in the Cape Breton Community. Organizing two memorial tournaments that give back to the Cape Breton Regional Hospital Foundation are couple of his major contributions to local community Charities. When Austin started at CBU, he wanted to become as involved as he could. During his first year of university he stayed on residence at CBU and joined House Council as a Cabot House Representative. Austin later become the House Council President, during his second and third year at CBU. Austin also served as a part of the Nursing Society executive during his final year of studies as the Vice President of the Society. Nursing at CBU has given many opportunities to the students attending the program; Austin and his fellow classmates had the opportunity to travel to Cusco Peru and provide care for the people of Peru in a poorer community at local Peruvian clinics. Now working as a graduate nurse at the Northside General Hospital; Austin has experienced many opportunities in his lifetime but one of his most uplifting and important moments was when he was given the honour of receiving the award for Cape Breton Regional Chamber of Commerce 2019 People’s Choice: CBRM Citizen of the Year; in November of last year. Austin believes he would be a great fit for this opportunity and would be honoured and ecstatic to represent the graduating class of Fall 2020."

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Pictured: Walter Alvarez-Bardales "Born in Guatemala, Walter left at a young age to escape war and poverty. Despite the many challenges during his journey to Canada - such as days of homelessness and hunger, a learning disability, and systemic access barriers to education - he prevailed to become a successful civil servant. At the CBU MBA program he excelled academically and was the recipient of the 2019 MBA entrance scholarship. He also proudly represented Canada and CBU at the United Nations Model 2019 in Washington D.C. He earned several commendations from other member countries at this event for his speeches on the suering of Palestinian children. Walter has been accepted as a Doctor of Social Sciences candidate and intends to leverage his academic and professional success to work on many causes that are dear to him. In particular, he wants to dedicate his life to improve access to education for children in the developing world and to decrease child hunger worldwide. He also firmly believes that child labor is inexcusable and will work towards eradicating this global issue. He feels optimistic this will happen in his lifetime.

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Walter believes that being valedictorian will inspire his beloved children of the global-south and worldwide" Batch of 2020- the ball is in your court. Vote wisely. Online voting starts on Tuesday, October 2020 and goes on till Wednesday, October 21st.

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THE BALLOT HAS BEEN CAST: SRC ELECTION RESULTS, FALL 2020  Manini Sethi Even though University life is just a tad bit dierent this semester, the Student Representative Council (SRC) elections which were conducted last week were a reminder to all us CBU students that even in this new-normal, the democratic spirit of the student body is strong as ever. Here's a quick re-cap of what the SRC is and its role in the CBU Students Union (from cbusu.ca/src) : The SRC is a body of students which oversee all aspects of the Students Union. The SRC gives input, holds the Executive team accountable and provide a better representation of the entire student population. The SRC exists to provide fair, democratic representation for all students. Students elect council members during a general election and/or a by-election, and are composed of the following 22 representatives. Now that we're on the same page and done with our quick pol science lecture, lets come back to last weeks elections. Student voting took place online rather than in the Multicultural hub this semester. If you missed all the virtual election rallies and didn't get a chance to have a chat with the SRC reps, we've got you covered. Caper Times reached out to the three winning candidates to get their take on their tenure as student body representatives.

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Pictured: Emma Drohan- winning candidate: School of Education and Health When asked why she chose to stand as a candidate for the SRC elections this year, Emma told Caper Times that being involved with the Cape Breton University Students’ Union as the VicePresident Marketing and Communications and serving as a student representative on Senate and Board of Governors for the university, she wanted to continue her work advocating for students. When asked about the changes she would hope to bring about this year as an elected representative Emma told Caper Times that she looks forward to talking with her fellow students in the school of education and health to see what common goals they have for this year and the future and working with the SRC to try to reach them.

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Pictured: Sakshi Upadhyay- Winning candidate from the School of Arts and Social Sciences Here's a message from Sakshi: "I am Sakshi Upadhyay and I am studying public administration and management and I am in my second semester. I chosen to be candidate for SRC of Arts and Social Science School this year since of two reasons, the primary one is I cherish encountering and learning new things and I like to require leadership. The second reason for what I am standing as a candidate for the SRC is to assist students. I have been doing this from few a long time and I truly like supporting others in any of their circumstance till whatever extent I can. As right now we all are confronting a few or the other issues due to covid-19 I truly like to do something for individuals but as I can't do much things as a 43


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student. I fair needed to assist students a bit by making a dierence and supporting them in their considers or any college related issue. I will attempt my best through the position and it's duties. On the o chance that I say from a student's point of see than I can exceptionally well get it how numerous challenges are confronted since of virtual classes and so numerous assignment's due dates together"

Pictured: Arshdeep Singh- winning candidate SRC: Varsity Athlete When asked about his views on the challenges which come with online classes, Arsheep says "The biggest challenge is covid and suspension. I am planning to create a social media platform for athletics queries and community of CBU where all can join and experience there program , workout and knowledge. I feel like doing something for society athletic is something my passion so if I am represents that in CBU and help other that will be best way 44


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to do that though there not many chances for athletic participation other then some athletic games still i am cover all what I can and will try to help virtually  the students trying to stay athletic and achieve the fitness goal and related problems" Now that you're acquainted, you can reach out to your respective SRC representatives or CBUSU executives regarding any relevant concern you may have. Special thanks to Harpreet Singh, Chief Returning OďŹƒcer, CBUSU.

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CBUSU - "BORROW A GRAD GOWN FOR FREE!" Hridya Chaudhary Weird year to be Year of 2020. Did you watch this year's Emmys?! It was ONLINE! Taking COVID-19 safety health issues in mind, earlier in the year, CBU announced that their Fall 2020 Convocation would be held virtually.

Convocation for the Spring 2020 batch is scheduled to take place on the 7th of November, 2020. Each graduating student is in line to receive a convocation package through mail, which includes their parchment (degrees, certificates, diplomas) and a copy of their transcript. Now, for the fun part, CBU has teamed up with CBUSU for their Borrow a Grad Gown for Free initiative. Students (future Alumni!) can pick up grad gowns from a TBA pick-up and drop-off location in Sydney, as CBU is closed 46


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for COVID regulations; on 5 November, 2020 and return it by 9 November 2020. CBUSU mentions that graduates can contact the Students’ Union by filling out a form on their website (www.cbusu.ca). Amrinder Singh, President & CEO of CBUSU, announced that “We (CBUSU) will be offering appointments to Spring Grads starting October 15, 2020 for regalia rentals.” in a recent press release. Even though there is a $20 deposit fee, it is all refundable! Grads are to be billed if they fail to return their gowns.

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According to Singh, this service came into being because, "We want to continue to oer other essential services to the student body while ensuring we are following provincial health and safety guidelines. We are really happy to be able to help the students fulfil their graduation experience by capturing their memories." In more exciting news, purchase options are also available - contact Jennifer Hart at jennifer@harcourts.com for more details. All convocation details can also be found at cbu.ca/convocation. Are you geared up for #Instagrammable photos yet? Cause we are! 

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YOUR SANITIZER MIGHT NOT WORK! Pushya Chokshi Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, sanitization of the hands with the use of alcohol disinfectants is a part of routine hygiene. But according to the recent safety alert given by the Government of Canada, there are some sanitizers in the market which are not up to the safety standard. After the unexpected increase in demand for alcohol hand rubs

government is trying hard to cope up with these new demands. As a part of increasing demand, Health Canada has approved the use of technical grade ethanol under certain conditions, but the companies are failing in following 49


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the guidelines leading to the product recall. Also, some companies are trying to use the banned ingredients due to the cost factors. Along with all these issues, the biggest issue is the introduction of counterfeit sanitizers in the market having unknown active ingredients. Counterfeit sanitizers: According to the recent update provided by Health Canada on 19th October 2020 2 sanitizers are recalled due to their counterfeit products in the market. Daily shield is the common hand rub alcohol sanitizer that is sold in dollarama but the counterfeit of the product was identified by the parent company Bio life sciences corporation under which health Canada was notified. The counterfeit version is labeled with NPN 80098979, Lot 6942; Expiry May 2023 and is sold in a 250 mL format*. As identified by the company to be counterfeit, the components of the sanitizer are unknown due to which it is not safe to use. A counterfeit version of the daily shield is suspected to contain methanol which is poisonous if ingested. Dollarama has stopped selling the batch and is working with Health Canada to recall the batch of the suspected sanitizers.

Image source: image of daily shied sanitizer taken from Health Canada.

Another incident took place on 1st October 2020 when a counterfeit version of Zytec germ buster hand sanitizer was identified by the distributor northern national sales inc. The distributor identified that Zytec Germ Buster Hand Sanitizer 1L (labeled with NPN 80015625, lot number 50


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3329733126) was a counterfeit**. As advised by the Health Canada

counterfeit products are the fraudulent version of the authentic product, if used can lead to undesirable results. If you possess any of the products above you should stop using it and discard it.

Image source: image of zytec germ buster sanitizer taken from Recall of counterfeit Zytec Germ Buster Hand Sanitizer.

Technical issues: Technical grade ethanol use is temporarily permitted in place of pharmaceutical-grade ethanol but it’s possible after following certain guidelines. Proper labeling along with the possible health hazard should be printed along with it. It is also supposed to include health warnings and the contact number in case of an emergency. Companies can buy this ethanol 51


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from the Health Canada approved suppliers after getting a “No Objection Certificate� from them. Due to the increased demand, certain companies fail to follow these guidelines leading to recall of their products.

It was found by Health Canada that some brands use Methanol or Ethyl acetate as the denaturants which are prohibited. The use of denaturants is essential is sanitizers to make it taste bad, in case of accidental ingestion. But the denaturants mentioned above has some serious side eects and is not preferred to use. Identified use of such chemicals also leads to the recall of certain brands of sanitizers. If you think you fell sick after the use of any of the recalled products consult your physician immediately. Discard the product if you still possess them and inform the retailer regarding the same. Sources: Health Canada Counterfeit Daily Shield Hand Sanitizer * Health Canada Recall of counterfeit Zytec Germ Buster Hand Sanitizer ** Government of Canada recall

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I JUST SCROLLED TIKTOK FOR 2 HOURS SO YOU DON’T HAVE TO. Hridya Chaudhary Zilch guilt. Nada. It was for a good cause, don't come at me. As most of you are aware, October is deemed as Mi'kmaq History Month. In order to celebrate and cherish the culture and heritage, I scrolled through TikTok for 2 hours to get you the best #JingleDress TikToks ever made in the history of TikToks; so that YOU don't sprain your neck and back like I did. All worth it, because I got to learn more about Indigenous culture and that can never be enough!

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I present to you 10 TikToks that ought to blow your mind:

1. Who can resist a glorious Just Did A Bad Thing (by Bill Wurtz) transformation TikTok. If you tell me this beat doesn't live in your head rent free, I'm just going to assume you're lying. As the name suggests, @indigenous_baddie is a famous Instagram and TikTok model/influencer who is extremely proud of her heritage and isn't afraid to show it.

2. A little pastel regalia moment never hurt nobody.

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3. Brace yourselves for the most Canadian transformation video. All there's missing is a Timms coffee cup. We[I] would like to begin by acknowledging that we are in Mi’kma’ki, the ancestral and unceded territory of the Mi’kmaq People. This territory is covered by the “Treaties of Peace and Friendship” which Mi’kmaq Wəlastəkwiyik (Maliseet), and Passamaquoddy Peoples first signed with the British Crown in 1726. The treaties did not deal with surrender of lands and resources but in fact recognized Mi’kmaq and Wəlastəkwiyik (Maliseet) title and established the rules for what was to be an ongoing relationship between nations.

4. Indigenous culture teaches us that connection is of utmost importance, whether it be with elements of the Earth, or with fellow sisters. @ashleycallingbull is a motivational speaker along with being famous on TikTok. 5. 'Here's a really good picture of her. Thank-you for listening. That is all.' Period.

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6. In the Mille Lacs' version of the Ojibwe Jingle Dress, the dance and the dress is a homage to this one little who was sick, nearing death. Her father, the Midewinini, prayed for her and had a vision of a dance that would heal his daughter. During the traditional drum ceremony, he brought his dream to life, and people sang, and women danced. The little girl was wearing a dress lined in rows of silver cones made of life of snu cans. As the night went on, the little girl's health kept on improving. Just looooook at the details involved in this piece.

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7. If subtle elements your some "humble" Powwow you.

October 31, 2020

you're looking for a ways to incorporate of The Jingle Dress into daily-life outfits - here's casual clothing, flair, and the full out regalia inspiration for

8. Alright, this might be the cutest one. You just got to wait for this. Breathe in, breathe out. Ready? TINY TOT PRINCESS. I cannot emphasize enough,,, T I N Y T O T P R I N C E S S.

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9. Feeling down? Get up, dress in Powwow regalia / look at Powwow regalia TikToks & be in your element. The only solution. 10. Sorry I couldn't resist

including a bonus Wipe It Down Challenge by @indigenous_baddie because I am obsessed. I could've gone on and on and on but we don't ALL want to sprain our neck and back. Cough. Disclaimer: The intentions of this article is not to oend anybody. Educate us, if we're wrong. Thankyou for reading this. 58


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AN INCIDENT Unnati Subedi One early morning I got a call from my Dad. He said ‘Hey sweetie, I am hosting the thanksgiving dinner. You must be here with Joe and Richard! You know how important this holiday was to your mom and with you here I will feel less lonely! You must come, the dinner won’t be the same without you, see you soon’ and then he hung up. My husband, Richard who was just beside me suddenly exclaimed, ‘What? How can you even agree to go somewhere? Don’t you know the virus is spreading like crazy and it is so dangerous to be in the company of lots of people? No need to go!’ What should I do now? I am facing a huge dilemma. If I don’t go my dad will feel bad and if I go my husband will feel bad! Next day, after breakfast Richard left for work and I was looking at my emails when I suddenly got a phone call again from my dad. He said,’ Sweetie, haven’t you left yet? Come early so that we can spend some more time together. I miss you so much and there is so much to tell you’. My old man’s face came right Infront of my eyes and I just could not say no. I thought to myself,’ nothing bad is going to happen! I will take the precautions and return safely. My family is educated and know about the safety measures’. I got my 4-year-old son Joe and then left for my dad’s. My brother, his wife and some of my cousins were already there. Everyone said how happy they were to see me and Joe, especially my dad. I was also happy to meet everyone after the lockdown. It was kind of a relief to finally go out since I had spent so much time inside during the lockdown. My son was also happy and played with other kids. The dinner went well, I spent some more time and then I bid farewell to my dad and everyone else and then returned home with a happy heart. Without letting Richard know I went for the dinner, came back! He didn’t have a clue at all. It was all done without any hassle and no one got upset. I was happy! After a week, one 59


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evening Joe got a little feverish. Because of the changing season, I thought it was an allergic reaction and paid no mind to it. The next morning his fever escalated and had throat pain. I had to take him to the doctor. The doctor ran some tests. Next day the report came, Corona virus positive!!!!!!!

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EXPERIENCING PAIN? TRY CHANGING YOUR ENVIRONMENT! Dr. Sugandhit

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“SELF CARE” AND RECLAIMING LOST AGENCY Pavini Parashar “Self Care” and the fourth wave of feminism: It was Audre Lorde who said, “Caring for myself is not self-indulgence. It is selfpreservation, and that is an act of political warfare." 65 The locution “self care” first came around in the 1960s, where doctors described self-care as a way for patients to take care of themselves and exercise healthy habits, most often under the guidance of a health professional. Prior to the late 1960s and early 1970s, these patients were usually mentally ill and elderly people who required long-term care and otherwise had little autonomy. It wasn’t until the women’s and civil rights movement that “self care” became political. Women and people of colour viewed self care as the most individualistic, corrective restoration of their bodies, and their dignity, working for “preservation” of their own selves, battling with a corrupt, racist, and sexist medical system. It was then that the idea of self-care became radical, and political. The fourth wave of feminism gained traction around 2012, mainly as a response to contemporary issues that women were subject to- encapsulating broad concepts like body shaming, rape culture, sexual harassment, bodily autonomy, among others. 65


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Being by design a counterculture movement, the fourth wave seeked to liberate women from patriarchal ideals and by extension, unfeasible beauty norms. The internet proved to be a rallying point for people across the world. The platform provided by social media allowed a free exchange of ideas, eectively shaping how the fourth wave of feminism developed online, which in turn influenced the interactions that took place on the internet between people- a social feedback loop. In 2016, the #MeToo movement amassed global attention and participation from survivors of sexual abuse, after a number of women came forward on Twitter- accusing film producer Harvey Weinstein of rape and sexual assault. Amidst a period of increased social turbulence, there was also an apparent rise in tangible solidarity over a common medium that sequentially united all those who recognized the immediate need for change in a world systemically designed to benefit men. The internet became an arbiter of change, a voice of the marginalized, and an important proponent of feminist ideology, especially for the fourth wave. A common sentiment that can be culled from the surface level feminist ideology is regarding agency and ownership of the self. Self care, as per WHO, can be described as “the ability of individuals, families and communities to promote health, prevent disease, maintain health, and to cope with illness and disability with or without the support of a healthcare providerâ€?. The most basic of the basic definitions of self care fall inadequate to encapsulate what the locution really means in the age of late stage capitalism. Self care by itself should be a means for women to reclaim their bodies and find agency within themselves, free from the needs of others.

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Much of the discourse on the internet is overwhelmingly filtered through a primarily patriarchal lens, so much so that it ultimately seeps into the core of even seemingly innocuous, unrelated conversations. It is because patriarchal ideals have been so deeply rooted in our collective social psyche for so long, that it becomes almost impossible to neatly differentiate one’s thoughts from another’s. The idea that internalized patriarchy is so pervasive in all aspects of women’s lives is also reflective of how society views self care. When talking about it in a larger context, over social media, it becomes apparent that “self care” just might not be all about the self. Countless women we all know on a personal level go to great lengths to maintain their most ideal selves, wallowing in beauty work, but they seem to be getting more okay with it- by virtue of the rebranding of this “beauty work”. On an individual scale, it is difficult to grasp that the same systemic issues that we have been plagued by for decades, still have significant hold over our thoughts and actions, turning us into unwitting participants- like cogs in a machine. Self care has become less and less about the self. Even after all the gradual changes fomented in society to empower them, women find themselves bound by the shackles of vicious patriarchy. In a socially powerless role that's designed to appease the male gaze, self care has transitioned from an initial concept of simply having agency, into a much more commercialized space where it has become a catch all term. The role of social media here is also key to how the system proliferates unconsciously. Our own ideas are often shaped by what we see or read online, but even those ideas had to be influenced by something that came before. Kylie Jenner, who is arguably the most influential beauty and lifestyle 67


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influencer, all thanks to her reality TV family, is an active participant in perpetuating the same old impractical beauty norms. Her participation may be inadvertent, but her influence isn’t. What the common eye doesn’t discern on surface level is that Kylie Jenner has a plethora of beauty assistants everyday doing the work for her. It is unattainable, unrealistic, and burdensome. People such as queer people, women, those from oppressed racial groups whose bodies, lives and pleasure have been denied to them, the act of reclaiming and doing what gives them pleasure is deeply political, have been fighting to practice the same, for decades.

One gets sucked into a vicious cycle of self indulgence in fleeting, hedonistic pleasures. It is especially detrimental to the unfettered liberation of the modern woman, an obstacle in the path of rejecting the idea of modern-day, unrealistic beauty standards and the enormous pressure they beget, eventually leading to over-indulgence in self-altering “work” intended solely to keep women confined to serving the male gaze. “Old requirements, instead of being overthrown are rebranded. Beauty work is labeled “self-care” to make it sound progressive”. Porn and instagram influencing/modelling are the only careers in which women continuously outearn men but it comes at a colossal, yet unsurprising expense: bodily autonomy and agency. In a world where a woman is expected to always be her ideal self, unachievable beauty isn't just limited to beauty. At the heart of this obligation burrows something deeper- an intricate lifestyle myth. A paradigm where a mystical woman is capable of mobilizing the time, resources, and the basic

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willingness, to irrefutably pave the way for relentless optimization, because that, she realizes, is the most natural, rebellious, and feminist way to live. We need to redefine "self-care" and what it means to be taking care of ourselves. We need to redefine the role of the internet as a mediator, and not as a standard. The realm of possible body modifications for women to appease will keep growing, unless it is fought with an inviolable passion. We have to be willing to be disloyal, and undermine. To resist. To take care of ourselves the way that works for us- because there isn’t a single right way. And because when you heal yourself, you heal a part of the world.

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SYDNEY MUSEUM AND CAPE BRETON CRAFT CENTRE

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Mill Nguyen

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ELECTIONS AND THE PANDEMIC Joel Inglis 2020 has been an exceptional year for a variety of reasons. One reason has, obviously, been the COVID-19 pandemic and all of its effects on the wellbeing of people around the world. But we can’t overlook the role that the pandemic has played in democratic politics and elections this year either. Whether it be the correlation between low employment numbers and the anti-police riots or the ever-increasing presence of political debate in the social media landscape, the pandemic has affected our political culture greatly. How has the pandemic effected the electoral process?

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Municipal elections were held in October across Nova Scotia in a way that felt dierent from the status quo. In-person voting did not take place, moving the vote online. The argument could be made that his resulted in a more progressive and younger vote. Older residents who are less comfortable with technology may have been scared from the process while younger residents participated in greater numbers. The resulting council, therefore, may be more representative of a younger demographic than we would have seen resulting from a non-pandemic election.

During the first US presidential debate, both candidates agreed that the results of the election would take a much longer time to come in than pre-pandemic elections. Due to the pandemic, there is an expectation that more mail-in votes will be cast than any previous election. This could result in arguments on the validity of results, a long process to discovering the winner, and more protests.

The province of New Brunswick held its scheduled election during the pandemic and the voters rewarded the incumbent government with a new mandate. The province of British Columbia called a snap election and according to current poles, the governing NDP party is likely to pull from its minority coalition status to become a majority government. Governing suďŹƒciency (whether or not governing well) during a time of crisis tends to inspire confidence in the ruling party.

The Canadian federal government, elected in 2019, is a minority government. Meaning, the governing party, the Liberal Party of Canada, holds a plurality of the seats in the House of Commons and therefore does not hold a majority of the seats. The Liberal Party of Canada must seek co-operation with other parties in order to govern the country and must operate with the confidence of the House and the confidence of the Queen’s representative (Governor General Julie Payette). This precarious 74


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situation is more delicate than ever before due to a plethora of factors including the fact that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has garnered a hattrick of ethics investigations (Aga Khan Scandal, SNC Lavalin Scandal, and WE Charity Scandal). The latest scandal involving the WE Charity has developed into a situation in which the Conservative Party of Canada pushed for the development of an Anti-Corruption Committee. The Liberal party responded by claiming this motion to be a vote of nonconfidence. This means that if the development of this committee were to be approved by the other parties, an election would have to be called. It was a unique power move by the Liberals and one that may have overreached the real powers of the oďŹƒce of the Prime Minister. It certainly demonstrated the confidence that Trudeau has in his current popularity. He seems more than willing to host an unnecessary election during dangerous times in the face of minimal controversy. This is likely due to the COVID Bump that he has experienced in recent polling. Though we are now free from a 2020 snap federal election (thanks to the New Democratic Party and Jagmeet Singh), the way this has played out has likely proven that we will see an election called well before the mandated 2025 date and COIVD-19 will play a substantial role in democracies around the world for the foreseeable future.

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WHAT’S HIS CRIME Akshay Sharma

Walking down the street A Thought came into my mind Something is missing Maybe a tree Maybe a smile A glimpse of someone who never forgot to hide The happiness, the pleasure 76


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Cheerfulness in his mind

Asked my mom Mummy, what’s his crime He was just a tree Is this the reward of What he gave to this mankind

My mum all this while With sad face and eyes full of lies You are getting late for school Walk fast or they will punish you for time

I will get the punishment But not walk past this time

Mummy with a smile Oh, my pretty girl No school this morning Let us plant a tree Give it some sunlight It will grow again Make him grow with time And make sure 77


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No mankind Will again make this crime

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LOVE IS CRIME Akshay Sharma Sitting on a runway Watching planes fly My mind, Keeps on talking all this while

Oh you heart While you cry Missing good people What are you trying to hide

Crazyness, wierdness, kindness, love All in single line Frustration, anger, no sign of patience Travelling in a life which has no direction

Oh my love Stop crying Its the time of your life Life is a long journey Let it take its prime 79


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All these clouds you see, you will pass them by.

Destination is a myth, Everything changes with time

Oh yeah Thanks for your time Its time for me to take my flight, Stop dierentiating of what’s wrong and what not, I will fly this time, as it is all fine Tell me that you love me, And Stop wasting my time

Sure my love, remember Stay away from crime

P. S. Love is crime

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October 31, 2020

NOVA SCOTIA POWER MAKERSPACE: EMERGING INNOVATION PLAYGROUND Pushya Chokshi Nova Scotia Power Makerspace opened its door to the people of Cape Breton on the 25th of March, 2019 and is witnessing the growth of innovation ever since. The main idea behind the Nova Scotia Power Makerspace is providing startups, entrepreneurs, students, and other creative minds the place, equipment, materials, and most importantly education to let them design their innovation and bringing it to reality. They are ensuring that space is designed in such a way that everyone from children to the elderly and from students to professional creators can make the most out of it. This 4,000 sq.ft. innovation playground is located in the downtown Sydney at 100-37 Nepean Street and is divided into various segments according to its usefulness.

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Nova Scotia Power Makerspace has a diverse collection of machinery which are open to its member for the production. There is a tool library to start with, which contains almost any tool that you can think of. The metalworking shop corner provides the capability to any innovator to modify and convert any piece of sheet metal into their dream unicorn. It consists of anything and everything between the small pipe cutters to the humongous sheet molding machines.

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There is a huge collection of woodworking tools that allows users to turn their imagination into reality- all you need to bring is a piece of wood that you want to work on and the sky is the limit. An electronic and robotic lab as the name suggests is focused on the mind of the machinery where you can do anything from coding to circuit prototyping. 3D printing which is considered to be the groundbreaking technology of the modern era is one of the strong fortes of Makerspace. Their collection also consists of the CANCAM machine operating on computer assisted designing and machinery principles. One of their crowned collection is the HELIX machine which uses lasers and aids in engraving, etching, and other designing applications. There are other countless devices that are at your disposal when you are a member of Makerspace. But the most important part is that they not only provide you with the machinery but they also impart the knowledge that you need to use those machines. Safety is the utmost priority here and these lessons take place on a regular frequency. Most importantly they are usually included in your membership package. The agenda of this organization is to boost talent and growing ideas rather than their own profit. 83


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October 31, 2020

Mohit Kumar and Frederick Boutilier, ex Cape Breton University students, who are currently working at Makerspace as the technical assistants described to the sta at Caper times how Makerspace is pushing people towards innovation. Boutiler elaborately explained why it should be not mistaken that only engineers can get the most of it, instead he insists that people from any profession can be a part of this venture. He also gave an example of how even an artist can use this facility for the creation of props by using 3D printing technology. Kumar added that he used to be an intern at the same organization and found his way to secure a position here after gaining immense knowledge from Makerspace. Boutiler also says that "there is no prerequisite to join any of the course of your interest, you can gain the knowledge in here and make on hand use of 84


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October 31, 2020

the machinery to brush your knowledge after it’" He also added that most of the skills would just require a single class to gain the basic knowledge of it. Kumar also explained why there are no course outlines and that Makerspace wants people to just learn the skills they want to, instead of pushing them to learn other things. It’s a place of complete freedom where you can learn whatever you want/ Kumar described the significance of learning the skills and applying it to get jobs. He is very proud that two CBU students who he knows got jobs after securing skills from Makerspace. To this Boutlier added the significance of building a portfolio along with showcasing the prototype model that you can build at Makerspace. Kumar also talked about how Makerspace is playing its role in bringing the community together by creating social circles and he says that a vast diversity can be found in the family of the Makerspace.

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Image source: Nova Scotia Power Makerspace

Makerspace membership prices at $60 per month. There are also special discounts for student, and they can get the membership at $45 per month. There are also various monthly and annual benefits for long term membership plans. Overall, in my opinion, the membership fee is a small price for the knowledge, skill and creative outlet that Makerspace oers. Source: Nova Scotia Power Makerspace offical website.

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