This publication has been prepared in conjunction with Perspectives 178: CINEPLEX, organized by Peter Lucas for the Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, April 13– July 8, 2012. The Perspectives Series is made possible by a major grant from Fayez Sarofim and by donors to the Museum’s Perspectives Fund: Anonymous Bright Star Productions Inc. Dillon Kyle Architecture Heidi and David Gerger Kerry Inman and Denby Auble Karol Kreymer and Robert J. Card, M.D.
CINEPLEX is sponsored in part by ™
CINEPLEX Presentation Partners:
Poppi Massey Leslie and Shannon Sasser in Honor of Lynn Herbert William F. Stern Martha Claire Tompkins 20K Group, LLC
Perspectives catalogues are made possible by a grant from The Brown Foundation, Inc. Funding for the Museum’s operations through the Fund for the Future is made possible by generous grants from Chinhui Juhn and Eddie Allen, Anonymous, Jo and Jim Furr, Barbara and Michael Gamson, Brenda and William Goldberg, Mr. and Mrs. I. H. Kempner III, Leticia Loya, and Fayez Sarofim. The Museum’s operations and programs are made possible through the generosity of the Museum’s trustees, patrons, members, and donors. The Contemporary Arts Museum Houston receives partial operating support from the Houston Endowment, the City of Houston through the Houston Museum District Association, the National Endowment for the Arts, the Texas Commission on the Arts, and The Wortham Foundation, Inc. CAMH also thanks its artist benefactors for their support including Anonymous, Leonardo Drew, Tim Gardner, Oliver Herring, Jim Hodges, Michael Joo, Kurt Kauper, Jon Kessler, Terence Koh, Marilyn Minter, Ernest Neto, and Roxy Paine.
Special thanks to: Anthony Brandt, Kimberly Cedeno, Ciaran Finlayson, Eric Fredericksen, Camilo Gonzalez, Adam Hart, Olivia Junell, Mary Magsamen, Christian Marclay, Paula Newton, Kelly Sears, Adam Sekuler, Jeff Shore, Michelle Silva, and Super Happy Fun Land.
Design: Don Quaintance, Public Address Design Design/production assistant: Elizabeth Frizzell Printing: EarthColor Houston ISBN 978-1-933619-40-8 © 2012 Contemporary Arts Museum Houston Contemporary Arts Museum Houston 5216 Montrose Boulevard Houston, Texas 77006-6547 Tel.: (713) 284-8250 Fax: (713) 284-8275 www.camh.org cover: Still from Ten-Second Film, Bruce Conner, USA, 1965, 16mm film. Courtesy Conner Family Trust. right: Still from The Pervert’s Guide To Cinema, Sophie Fiennes, UK, 2006, video. Image courtesy P Guide Ltd.
Official Airline of the Contemporary Arts Museum Houston
page 3: Still from Cityscope
April 13â€“July 8, 2012 An evolving exhibition and series celebrating creative translations and transformations of movie culture
CONTEMPORARY ARTS MUSEUM HOUSTON
CINEPLEX P e t e r L u ca s
arly in the history of moving pictures, filmmakers discovered the unique and unmistakable power inherent in juxtaposing disparate images to create new contexts. The medium grew quickly from simple photographic documents to densely constructed, grand spectacles. As movies became an ubiquitous form of popular entertainment, independent artists began to use montage techniques to reassemble existing film images for different, often more expressive and metaphoric results. Appropriating material from both well-known and obscure sources, secondgeneration film constructions homed in on images and sequences as signifiers and created interplay of old and new meanings. Most importantly, pioneering found-footage filmmakers uncovered the mechanisms of constructed meaning in movies and revealed the malleability of what were
commonly seen as fixed works. Along with the evolution of cinematic language, a fascinating, ongoing conversation has developed over time between cinema’s images, its makers, and its audiences. Now, with the Internet serving as both a moving image archive and a fluid distribution outlet, this kind of audiovisual back-and-forth has become more common. Nearly every genre and era of film is easily referenced and passed around, and homemade movie remixes have become a popular folk art of our time. Through twenty-first-century eyes, we are able to view the layered histories of our shared cinematic experiences and this evolving language from a new perspective. CINEPLEX transforms CAMH’s Zilkha Gallery into a unique cinémathèquè space for a celebration of the expansive nature of moving image media, the power of montage, and the history of artists’ creative transformations of movies. Unfolding over 2
the course of twelve weeks, the evolving exhibition and series features both historic and contemporary film reworkings, from the very first found-footage films made in the late 1930s by assemblage artist Joseph Cornell, to Christian Marclay’s first foray into movie collage, to new movie dissections by contemporary Austrian artist Martin Arnold. We present film collage as social critique, advancing from the work of pioneering experimental filmmaker Bruce Conner to the delirious Tribulation 99 by Craig Baldwin, one of Conner’s disciples. Documentaries by Thom Anderson and Sophie Fiennes dig deep into scenes from popular cinema to unlock our hidden histories and psychology. Frederic Brodbeck’s hypnotic motion-graphic representations of movies; a rapid-fire, stroboscopic work by Les LeVeque; brand new work by Texas-based film artists including Kelly Sears and Scott Stark; and a live audio-visual performance by video
design team Be Johnny offer exciting, new perspectives on our engagement with cinema. CINEPLEX is, in essence, an evolving collage of collages. In all, it features over fifty film/video works from five countries that appropriate and creatively transform hundreds of movies from the past century of cinema’s history. These varied cinematic interventions are brought together for the first time and placed back into the film-going tradition of shared ritual in a darkened space. Join us in exploring our celebrated cinematic dreams and the creative conversations between the dreams and the dreamers. The following pages detail works on view in the gallery as well as weekly screenings and events, listed in chronological order of presentation. A calendar is on the back of this catalogue for easy reference.
Works on View Exhibited in the Zilkha Gallery during museum hours.*
On View April 13–July 8
Still from Telephones, Christian Marclay, USA, 1995, video. ©Christian Marclay. Courtesy Paula Cooper Gallery, New York.
Telephones Christian Marclay, USA, 1995
white and fifteen movies starring Charlton Heston
Still from white and fifteen movies starring Charlton Heston, Les LeVeque, USA, 2010, video. Image courtesy the artist.
Les LeVeque, USA, 2010
Cinemetrics Frederick Brodbeck, The Netherlands, 2012
Still from Cinemetrics, Frederick Brodbeck, The Netherlands, 2012, video. Image courtesy the artist.
IWDRM (If We Don’t, Remember Me.) Gustaf Mantel, Germany, 2012
*Museum hours: Wednesday and Friday 11AM–7PM Thursday 11AM–9PM Saturday and Sunday 11AM–6PM 4
Still from IWDRM (If We Don’t, Remember Me.), Gustaf Mantel, Germany, 2012, video. Image courtesy the artist.
On View April 13–May 3 Mongoloid
Still from Mongoloid, Bruce Conner, USA, 1978, 16mm film. Courtesy Conner Family Trust.
Bruce Conner, USA, 1978
America Is Waiting Bruce Conner, USA, 1981
Mea Culpa Bruce Conner, USA, 1981
On View May 4–31 Still from Soft Palate, Martin Arnold, Austria, 2010, video. Image courtesy Stadtkino Filmverleih.
Shadow Cuts Martin Arnold, Austria, 2010
Soft Palate Martin Arnold, Austria, 2010
On View June 1–July 5
Still from Untitled (Silver), Takeshi Murata, USA, 2006, video. Image courtesy Electronic Arts Intermix (EAI), New York.
Untitled (Silver) Takeshi Murata, USA, 2006
On View July 6–8 Mess With Texas Various artists, USA, 2012
Texas welcome sign. Still from the Texas Archive of the Moving Image (TAMI). Image courtesy TAMI.
Still from Rose Hobart, Joseph Cornell, USA, 1936, 16mm film. Image courtesy The Voyager Foundation.
Joseph Cornell: Archeology of the Unreal Screening Thursday, April 19, 7:30PM While Joseph Cornell is best known as the maker of beautifully detailed boxed assemblages containing found photographs and bric-à-brac, he was also a maker of collage films. Cornell was fascinated by the spectacle of cinema’s illusions, exotic travels, and beautiful Hollywood starlets. In the 1930s, he began recombining materials from his own film collection and creating the first fully collaged, found-footage films. To make his first and most famous collage film, Rose Hobart (1936), Cornell reedited the 1931 jungle drama East of Borneo, excising nearly everything except for the gestures and expressions of its star. Other films mix footage of trapeze acts, animals, ballerinas, and children. Like his boxes, his film assemblages show his sense of wonder, nostalgia,
and fantasy. Although his early films were rarely screened in his lifetime, they had a direct influence on the work of many experimental filmmakers including Stan Brakhage, Lawrence Jordan, and Ken Jacobs. CAMH, in association with The Voyager Foundation, presents a special screening of these magical films created in the late 1930s by the master collagist. It includes Rose Hobart (1936), Cotillion (ca. 1938/69), The Midnight Party (ca. 1938/69), Bookstalls (ca. late 1930s), and Jack’s Dream (ca. late 1930s). Rose Hobart, Cotillion, and The Midnight Party courtesy The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Still from Mea Culpa, Bruce Conner, USA, 1981, 16mm film. Courtesy Conner Family Trust.
CAMH, in association with Michelle Silva and the Conner Family Trust, is pleased to present a twopart retrospective screening of Conner’s films. In addition, three of his films will be on view during regular museum hours for three weeks of the exhibition. This is a rare opportunity to see the nearly complete body of this pioneering collagist’s film work made between 1958 and 2008.
Bruce Conner: The Art of Montage Screening of Program 1 Thursday, April 26, 7:30PM Screening of Program 2 Thursday, May 3, 7:30PM
Screening of Program 1 A Movie (1958), Cosmic Ray (1961), Vivian (1964), Ten Second Film (1965), Breakaway (1966), The White Rose (1967), Marilyn Times Five (1968–73), Take the 5:10 to Dreamland (1977), Valse Triste (1978), Mea Culpa (1981), His Eye Is on the Sparrow (2006), Easter Morning (2008).
Select works on view April 13–May 3, museum hours Bruce Conner first made his name as an assemblage artist in the San Francisco Beat scene. By the late 1950s, he had turned to a mode of found-footage filmmaking informed by his sculptural practice. Refashioning pieces of B-movies, newsreels, and industrial films, Conner critiques twentieth-century pop culture while simultaneously embracing and embodying it. Ranging from aggressive montages to gentler, hypnotic meditations, his work has had a tremendous influence on both experimental artists and popular media.
Screening of Program 2 Report (1963–1967), Crossroads (1976), Mongoloid (1978), America Is Waiting (1981), Looking For Mushrooms (long version) (1996), Three Screen Ray (2006). On view in the gallery April 13–May 2: Mongoloid (1978), America Is Waiting (1981), Mea Culpa (1981). Co-presented by CAMH and Rice Cinema. 7
Still from Passage à l´acte, Martin Arnold, Austria, 1993, 16mm film. Image courtesy Stadtkino Filmverleih.
Martin Arnold: Pièces Touchées CAMH, in association with Stadtkino Filmverleih and Galerie Martin Janda, presents a retrospective screening of Arnold’s work, including eight films from his earliest work to the premieres of two new films. In addition, two of Arnold’s films will be on view in the gallery during regular museum hours for four weeks of the exhibition.
Screening Thursday, May 10, 7:30PM Select works on view May 4–31, museum hours Martin Arnold is an Austrian filmmaker and installation artist known for his obsessive decon structing and refashioning of gestures found in popular movie footage. His films are intensely cut, often stretching several seconds of footage into much longer sequences, manipulating motion and time back and forth to unearth unseen relationships and tensions within Hollywood clichés. His early films Pièce touchée (1989) and Passage à l’acte (1993) create bizarre stories from brief sequences found in the films The Human Jungle (1954) and To Kill a Mockingbird (1962), respectively. Arnold dissects and deanimates the happy ending of a cartoon in Shadow Cuts (2010), manipulating the eyes of Mickey Mouse and Pluto, as well as those of the viewer.
Screening includes: Pièce touchée (1989), Passage à l´acte (1993), Alone: Life Wastes Andy Hardy (1998), Shadow Cuts (2010), Soft Palate (2010), Self Control (2011), Haunted House (2011), Tooth Eruption (2012). On view in the gallery May 4–31: Shadow Cuts (2010), Soft Palate (2010) .
Musiqa: Alternate Tracks
Still from Los Angeles Plays Itself, Thom Andersen, USA, 2003, video. Image courtesy the artist.
Live Performance Thursday, May 17, 7:30PM
Thom Andersen Los Angeles Plays Itself
Acclaimed contemporary music group Musiqa will perform all new scores for selected scenes from popular cinema. Premiering new compositions written by Rice University and University of Houston students, these new musical landscapes will transform familiar movie moments.
Screening Part 1 Thursday, May 24, 7:30PM Screening Part 2 Thursday, May 31, 7:30PM Los Angeles-based filmmaker, historian, critic, curator, and educator Thom Andersen uses cinema to examine neglected aspects of culture. His acclaimed documentary Los Angeles Plays Itself (2003) explores how the city of Los Angeles has been used as both a backdrop and a character in the movies. Through interwoven footage from over a hundred films—including early movies, well-known popular cinema, and more obscure films—we see the changing cinematic contexts of certain modern architecture, skyscrapers, public spaces, and neighborhoods in Los Angeles. Andersen gives an insightful and entertaining analysis of the history and character of this unique American metropolis and reveals how Hollywood has represented and misrepresented its hometown. Thom Andersen, USA, Los Angeles Plays Itself, 2003, video, 169 min. Co-presented by CAMH and Rice Design Alliance.
Sophie Fiennes The Pervert’s Guide To Cinema
Still from The Pervert’s Guide To Cinema, Sophie Fiennes, UK, 2006, video. Image courtesy P Guide Ltd.
provocative ideas about fantasy, reality, sexuality, subjectivity, desire, and materiality as he delves into the hidden language of cinema. The Pervert’s Guide is a smart, fun, and often hilarious reassess ment of cinema and what movies tell us about ourselves.
Screening of Parts 1 & 2 Thursday, June 7, 7:30PM Screening of Part 3 Thursday, June 14, 7:30PM British documentary filmmaker Sophie Fiennes (director of the Oscar-nominated 2011 film, Over Your Cities Grass Will Grow) teamed up with charismatic Slovenian philosopher, psycho analyst, and film buff Slavoj Žižek to create a strange and exhilarating ride through some of the greatest movies ever made. For The Pervert’s Guide to Cinema, Fiennes incorporated seminal scenes from a range of films, including Psycho (1960), The Birds (1963), The Conversation (1974), Blue Velvet (1986), and The Matrix (1999), to name a few. She then shot Žižek at original locations and on replica sets, creating the uncanny illusion that he is speaking from within the films themselves. Our lovable tour guide inserts his
Sophie Fiennes, UK, The Pervert’s Guide to Cinema, 2006, 150 min.
Still from The Pervert’s Guide To Cinema, Sophie Fiennes, UK, 2006, video. Image courtesy P Guide Ltd.
Craig Baldwin Tribulation 99: Alien Anomalies Under America Screening Thursday, June 21, 7:30PM Experimental filmmaker and independent film curator Craig Baldwin first became interested in the collage film form while studying under Bruce Conner at San Francisco State University. Since the late 1970s, Baldwin has created ingenious, aggressively playful social critiques by manipulating and subverting found pop cultural imagery. His â€œpseudo-pseudo-documentaryâ€? Tribulation 99: Alien Anomalies Under America presents a chronicle of U.S. intervention in Latin America in the form of the ultimate crackpot conspiracy theory. His delirious bricolage of Hollywood B-movies, Mexican horror flicks, newsreels, and industrial films spins a revisionist history and delivers an apocalyptic warning involving covert actions, environmental catastrophe, space aliens, cattle mutilations, killer bees, religious prophecy, and doomsday diatribes.
Top and bottom: Stills from Tribulation 99: Alien Anomalies Under America, Craig Baldwin, USA, 1991, video. Images courtesy Other Cinema.
Craig Baldwin, USA, Tribulation 99: Alien Anomalies Under America, 1991, 48 min. 11
Shamrock Hotel, Houston, ca. 1949. Still from the Texas Archive of the Moving Image (TAMI). Image courtesy TAMI.
Mess With Texas Be Johnny: Cityscope
Screening Thursday, July 5, 7:30PM
Live Audio-Visual Performance Thursday, June 28, 7:30PM
Select works on view July 6–8, museum hours
Be Johnny (Johnny DeKam and Bree Edwards) has created innovative moving images for music concerts, theater presentations, dance performances, and live cinema projects around the globe. This live audio-visual performance reworks and combines film material from the early history of cinema. Cinematic depictions of buildings, streets, and city life from early movie “realities” and “city symphony” films will be transformed into a dreamlike meditation on our designed environments.
In the spirit of cinematic intervention, CAMH has asked Texas artists Kelly Sears, Alex Luster, Mark and Angela Walley, Bryan Poyser, Scott Stark, and James Johnston to delve into the vast collection of Texas-related movies, newsreels, and homemade films collected by the Texas Archive of the Moving Image (TAMI) and create entirely new works from the footage. These new reworkings are creative intersections of past and present, exploring varying senses of place and home and bringing new life to cinematic memories. Join us for the world premiere of these new works. The films will also be on view in the gallery for three days following the screening. Co-presented by CAMH, Aurora Picture Show, and Texas Archive of the Moving Image (TAMI).
Right: Still from Crossroads (detail), Bruce Conner, USA, 1976, 16mm film. Courtesy Conner Family Trust.
Still from Cityscope
CINEPLEX Schedule CAMH April 13–July 8, 2012 Screenings/events held every Thursday evening at 7:30 PM. Selected works (listed in colored bars) will be screened on a rotating basis during museum hours.* Screenings are free and open to the public, and take place at the Contemporary Arts Museum Houston. Please note that seating is limited so early arrival is recommended; there will be no late seating for these evening screenings. Refreshments will be provided inside the gallery. April 13–July 8
Marclay, LeVeque, Brodbeck, Mantel
April 13–May 3
Bruce Conner Works
Thursday, April 19
Joseph Cornell: Archeology of the Unreal
Thursday, April 26
Bruce Conner: The Art of Montage, Program 1
Thursday, May 3
Bruce Conner: The Art of Montage, Program 2
Martin Arnold Works
Thursday, May 10
Martin Arnold: Pièces Touchées
Thursday, May 17
Musiqa: Alternate Tracks
Thursday, May 24
Thom Andersen: Los Angeles Plays Itself, Part 1
Thursday, May 31
Thom Andersen: Los Angeles Plays Itself, Part 2
June 1–July 5
Takeshi Murata, Untitled (Silver)
Thursday, June 7
Sophie Fiennes: The Pervert’s Guide To Cinema, Parts 1 & 2
Thursday, June 14
Sophie Fiennes: The Pervert’s Guide To Cinema, Part 3
Thursday, June 21
Craig Baldwin: Tribulation 99: Alien Anomalies Under America
Thursday, June 28
Be Johnny: Cityscope
Thursday, July 5
Mess With Texas
Mess With Texas
Wednesday and Friday 11AM–7PM Thursday 11AM–9PM Saturday and Sunday 11AM–6PM
CONTEMPORARY ARTS MUSEUM HOUSTON