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FirstBank Boosts Education Sector, Supports Schools with N10bn Loan ISSN-2052-1979

BOSS NEWSPAPER

Vol.2.32

www.thebossnewspapers.com

A Publication of Ovation Media Group

The Rape of Ihedioha: Fear Grips Ganduje's Camp

NEWS

Divine Relationship: Success in Life is Principally about Who You Know – Pst Kalejaiye

PENDULUM

Time To Go On Voluntary Sabbatical

Facebook May Be Forced To Sell WhatsApp, Instagram Here's Why


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Divine Relationship: Success in Life is Principally about Who You Know – Pst Kalejaiye By Eric Elezuo

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Regional Evangelist of the Redeemed Christian Church of God, Pastor Johnson Tomisin Kalejaiye, has said that for one to be successful in life, it has to go beyond what you know, but revolves round who you know. Kalejaiye hinted that there's the possibility of the Ph.D holder to continue to roam the streets despite his accumulation of education and knowledge if he does not know anybody to enhance his status and speed up his quest to make use of his knowledge The firebrand evangelist, who is three months short of celebrating 22 years of prolific Anointing Service across the globe, made this remarks while ministering on the topic Divine Relationship during House J Fellowship held every Thursday under the guidance of successful industrialist, Mr. Bayo Fatusin. "Everything a man desires in life can be found inside divine relationship, which is a state of connectedness. Success in life is not about what you know; it also includes who you know. Who you know can determine what you get. In other words, your connection can determine your collection. You can have 10 Ph.Ds in 10 disciplines, but if you know people, you remain at a place. The question is who do you know? A

godfather or God the Father? You may not have a godfather, but if you have God the Father, you are secured," he said. Pastor Kalejaiye, a fellow of two professional bodies, revealed that the best and most rewarding relationship is recorded in what he called 'chapter 23'. A f u r t h e r revelation unveils that chapter 23 refers to Psalms 23, otherwise known as 'The Lord is My Shepherd' from the first verse to the end. Chapter 23 is a chapter loaded with blessings' Chapter 23 is a chapter of an object that attracts the shadow' chapter 23 is a chapter of Godly relationships between a sheep and a shepherd. Everything a man needs in life is inside Chapter 23 – divine relationship," Kalejaiye exposed. The vibrant evangelist, who is due to be 60 on April 1, went deeper to expatiate the relationship in Chapter 23, which he says leads to eternity. "Chapter 23 begins with a relationship and ends with eternity" The exposition, according to the man runs thus: The Lord is my shepherd – relationship I shall not want/lack – supply

He makes me lie down in green pastures – rest He leads me beside still waters – refreshment He restores my soul – restoration He leads me in the path of righteousness – guidance For His name sake – purpose Yea, though I walk through the valley of death – protection I will fear no evil – boldness/faith For thou art with me – divine presence Thy rod and thy staff; they comfort me – discipline Thou prepares a table before in the presence of my enemies – provision Thou anointed my head with oil – anointing and empowerment My cup runs over – overflow Surely, goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life – security

And I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever – eternity. "Relationship with God will provoke every other thing," Kalejaiye submitted. Pastor Kalejaiye, who prides himself for attending five primary schools, is a regular guest speaker at the House J Thursday fellowship, where God is dedicated men and women to move and change lives. According to the coordinator of the fellowship, Mr. Bayo Fatusin, House J fellowship centre has over the years, remain an epicentre of life changing miracles and testimonies abound. He therefore, called on many to join for the one hour weekly gathering for an encounter of a lifetime.

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Buhari Hosts Kayode Ajulo, Other Legal Team Members to Dinner at State House By Eric Elezuo

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nvestment lawyer and rights activist, Barrister Kayode Ajulo, was on Thursday night honoured by President Muhammadu Buhari among other members of the Presidential Election Tribunal Legal Team at the State House, Abuja. Buhari organised the dinner to appreciate the legal team for a job well done during the long months of litigation which ended on September 11 to Buhari's advantage. Describing the President's benevolence, Barrister said 'the President is very

apprec iative, a n d h a s gone down i n histor y as t h e first presid ent to honou r all his lawyers'. An enthusiastic Ajulo added that the president followed up his thank you dinner with a 'personal

duly endorsed letter of appreciation'. Other members of the legal team in attendance were the lead counsel, Chief Wole Olanipekun,

SAN, Prince Lateef Fagbemi, SAN, Chief Adeniyi Akintola, SAN, Festus Keyamo, SAN, Babatunde Ogala and many others.

Group Gives Tinubu 24 Hours To Reveal Position On Amotekun

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S o u t h w e s t Association, Save Lagos Group, has given the All Progressives Congress stalwart, Bola Tinubu, 24 hours to reveal his position on the Western Nigeria Security Network codenamed 'Operation Amotekun'. Tinubu, who is seen as the leader of the Southwest by many, has remained silent on Amotekun which was

launched by Southwest governors last week. The Attorney-General of the Federation, Abubakar Malami, SAN, had on Tuesday declared the outfit as illegal while the Southwest governors have remained unfazed. In a statement on Friday, the Convener, Save Lagos Group, Adeniyi Sulaiman, said the group was giving Tinubu 24 hours to speak

up. Sulaiman asked Tinubu, who is an advocate of restructuring, to be courageous regardless of his rumoured Presidential ambition. The activist rubbished threats by northern groups like the Miyetti Allah Kautal Hore which stated that supporting Amotekun may cost the Southwest the Presidency in 2023.

He said it was hypocritical of the Federal Government to allow Shariah Police, Hisbah, to operate in more than 10 northern states while it declared Amotekun, which is operating only in the Southwest as illegal. The SLG convener said the safety of the people of the Southwest was worth more important than any Presidential ambition. He commended several personalities like Nobel Laureate, Prof. Wole Soyinka; Afenifere chieftain, Chief Ayo Debanjo; activist, Mr. Femi Falana, SAN; Chief Olu Falae, Otunba Gani Adams and several others for speaking up for the people of the region.

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PDP is reckless – Oshiomhole

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he National Chairman o f t h e A l l Progressives Congress, Adams Oshiomhole, has said the Peoples Democratic Party is reckless and believe it is its "birthright to benefit from electoral fraud." The former governor of Edo State stated this at a press briefing in Abuja on Friday while replying the PDP National Chairman, Prince Uche Secondus. Oshiomhole also said calling for the resignation of the Chief Justice of Nigeria, Tanko Mohammed, was the height of recklessness exhibited by the PDP, one he described as an effort to cause civil unrest in the country. The PUNCH had reported that the Supreme Court in a judgment on Tuesday sacked Emeka Ihedioha of

the PDP as the governor of Imo State and declared the APC candidate, Senator Hope Uzodinma, as the duly elected governor of the state. Secondus while reacting to the judgement on Thursday said the Supreme Court under the CJN had become compromised. He alleged that the apex court had become a willing tool to execute the unwholesome agenda of the APC-led Federal Government against the Nigerian people. But Oshiomhole said the statement by Secondus was not only designed to intimidate the judiciary but incite civil unrest in the country. Oshiomhole said, "The PDP is not only reckless (but) it believes it is its birthright to benefit from

electoral fraud. Courts are bound to interpret laws according to the constitution. No court has the power to bend the 1999 constitution of Nigeria as amended." Oshiomhole said the results used to declare Ihedioha as governor showed he did not get the required one-quarter vote in two-thirds of the 27 local government areas of Imo state. He lampooned the state's Returning Officer, Prof Francis Otunta, for not recognising the fact that 12 is not 2/3 of 27. He said, "That Returning Officer ought not only to be dismissed but should face the consequence of action. It was the height of irresponsibility on the part of Independent National Electoral Commission to condone

such action. "A professor of mathematics curiously did not know that 12 is not two-third of 27 local government areas and proceeded to unlawfully declare Emeka Ihedioha as governor of Imo state. "In a society that is committed to fairness and rule of law, that returning officer ought not only to be dismissed but he also ought to have reported himself to the security how he arrived at the decision to declare Emeka Ihedioha as governor." He added that by declaring Uzodinma as the duly elected governor of the state, the Supreme Court corrected the wrong in the Imo governorship election.

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US Begins Airport Screenings As Sars-Linked Virus Kills Two In China

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he US will begin screening passengers Friday arriving from a Chinese city at the heart of a mysterious SARS-linked virus, officials said, after an outbreak that has stricken dozens claimed a second life. Three confirmed cases meanwhile have now been reported outside China — two in Thailand and one in Japan — even as health authorities around the world sought to assure the public that the overall risk of infection remained low. Martin Cetron, a senior official at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) told reporters: "To further protect the health of the American public during the emergence of this novel coronavirus, CDC is beginning entry screening at three ports of entry."

These are San Francisco airport and New York's JFK, which both receive direct flights, as well as Los Angeles, the biggest destination for connecting flights, he said, adding: "We're expecting that the screening over the next couple of weeks could include as many as 5000 people" beginning Friday night. Incoming travelers will be asked to fill out a questionnaire and submit to a temperature check, with those showing possible signs of infection sent on to another facility for a diagnostic test that could take up to a day. The move came after Chinese officials said the infection had claimed its second death: a 69-yearold man who died on Wednesday in Wuhan, the central Chinese city

believed to be the epicenter of an outbreak of the pathogen from the same family as the deadly SARS virus. No human-to-human transmission has been confirmed so far, but Wuhan's health commission has said the possibility "cannot be excluded." The enigmatic illness has caused alarm because of its connection to SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), which killed nearly 650 people across mainland China and Hong Kong in 2002-2003. Pneumonia linked to the new virus has hit at least 41 people in China, with the outbreak centered around a seafood market in Wuhan. Of these 12 have recovered and been

discharged from hospital, according to the Wuhan health commission, while five others are in a serious condition. The second man to die became sick on December 31 and his condition worsened two weeks ago, it said, with the disease causing pulmonary tuberculosis and damage to multiple organ functions. Thailand reported its second case of the coronavirus on Friday: a 74-year-old Chinese woman who had arrived from Wuhan earlier this week. Her condition is improving, said Thai health officials, who urged people not to panic as there was "no spread of the virus" in the Southeast Asian country.

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Yuletide spending pushed inflation up to 11.98% – NBS

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he Consumer Price Index, which, measures inflation, increased to 11.98 per cent year-on-year in December 2019, latest inflation report released on Friday by the National Bureau of Statistics has revealed. T h e 11 . 9 8 p e r c e n t inflation rate, according to the NBS, is 0.13 percentage points higher than the 11.85 per cent recorded in November 2019. On a month-on-month basis, the NBS said the index increased by 0.85 per cent in December, adding that this was 0.17 percentage points lower than the 1.02 per cent recorded in November. The report said the urban inflation rate rose by 12.62 per cent year-on-year in December 2019 from 12.47 per cent recorded in November.

The rural inflation rate, on the hand, increased by 11.41 per cent in December from 11.30 per cent in November. On a month-on-month basis, it said the urban index rose by 0.90 per cent in December, representing a decline by 0.17 percentage points from the 1.07 percent recorded in November. The report stated that the rural index also rose by 0.82 percent in December, down by 0.16 from the 0.98 per cent recorded in November. The report said food inflation rose by 14.67 per cent in December compared to 14.48 per cent in November. "This rise in the food index was caused by increases in prices of bread and cereals, meat, fish, oils and fats, potatoes, yam and other tubers," it added.

On a month-on-month basis, it said the food subindex increased by 0.97 per cent in December, down by 0.28 percentage points from 1.25 per cent recorded in November. Experts said that the border closure as well as the yuletide spending of last month may have led to the increase in inflation. A professor of economics at the Olabisi Onabanjo University Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Sheriffdeen Tella, told our correspondent in a telephone interview that while border closure had spiked inflation, prices would adjust to their original state. He said, "You will recall that the border was closed by the government and that action would affect the price of other commodities. If you look

at the data that were released, the increase would likely be from food items followed by manufactured goods. "So it is that increase in price due to border closure that made other prices to also rise." Also speaking, the Registrar, Chartered Institute of Finance and Control of Nigeria, Godwin Echoi, said while the closure of the border was good for the economy as it would stimulate demand, increase in price in the short term was one of the consequences of such action. He said that the latest inflation data from the NBS were reflective of both the border closure and consumer spending during the festive period.

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Iran Banned From Hosting International Football

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ran's football federation said Friday it has been banned from hosting international matches inside the country. The "federation received a letter today from the Asian Football Confederation‌ announcing the decision to hold AFC Champions League matches hosted by Iranian teams in neutral countries," said a statement on the federation's website. An extraordinary meeting was immediately held to address the situation and the managers of the four clubs representing Iran in the tournament will be consulted on Saturday, it added. Those teams are

Persepolis, Esteghlal, Sepahan and Shahr Khodro. "The final position of Iranian clubs a n d t h e federation will be announced in the following days". The federation did not state the reason for the ban. The federation's spokesman said Iran is prepared to host foreign teams and has guaranteed match security to the AFC, calling on the organisation to stand against any accusations stating otherwise.

"Iran has the full readiness to host teams and has proven this repeatedly in recent years," said Amir Mehdi Alavi on the federation's website. He pointed to last year's

AFC Champion's League finals held in Tehran and said "the sports minister has given the AFC the needed security assurances regarding hosting" teams.

Minister Condemns Housing Project Location In Benin

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he Minister of State, Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs, Senator Tayo Alasoadura, has condemned the location of a multi-million naira housing project in Benin, the Edo State capital, and its vandalisation after completion. The Head, Press and Public Relations Unit at the ministry, Patricia Deworishe, said in a statement on Friday that the minister spoke during a visit to the Governor of Edo State, Mr Godwin Obaseki. The minister said it would take many years before the peoples' migration would reach the area where the project was sited.

He lamented that although it had been completed, distance and lack of security aided its destruction. The statement said, "The minister expressed displeasure at the deteriorating state of the housing scheme in Egba, located along off Upper Sakponba Road in Benin City. "He said after inspecting the project, he noticed that the project had been built to the level of being inaugurated but had been vandalised due to its location and lack of security. "Alasoadura also lamented that bushes had overtaken the site. He, therefore, advised the

state government to allocate areas that were close to the people to avoid waste of resources in the future. "He also stressed the essence of proximity, emphasising that human beings were like ants who live together and that it would take ages for people to move to the location of the project." The statement added that the governor promised to

resuscitate the ministry's project in the state and ensure they were occupied. He also sought the support of the ministry in agriculture, energy and education development in the state. The Deputy Director, Housing and Urban Development, Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs, Mr Salas Bamai, said lack of funds led to the nondelivery of the project.

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Nigeria's Debt Now N26.22tn, Says DMO

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he Federal Government and the 36 states as well as the Federal Capital Territory owed a total N26.22tn as of September 30, 2019, the Debt Management Office disclosed on Friday. The amount indicated that the total public debt rose by 2.02 per cent in the 12 months from September 2018, when the Federal Government, the states and the FCT owed a total of N25.7tn. The Director- General of the DMO, Patience Oniha, said this at a 'Presentation on Public Debt to Stakeholders' in Abuja. She explained that the figures for December 2019 were not ready, adding that the DMO saw the need to make some clarifications concerning the country's debt profile. "There has been so much about debt in the public forum and we want to clarify some of the issues," Oniha said. Noting that the National Assembly approved all the borrowings made by the Federal Government, the DMO boss suggested that all Nigerians were collectively responsible for the debt since they were represented at the National Assembly. She said, "Borrowing is not approved by one man. It is not determined by one man. "Borrowing is not ad hoc – there are laws and laid down provisions for borrowing." She added that the public debt stock was cumulative, involving borrowings made by previous administrations. The devaluation of the exchange rate, brought about by the economic downturn, considerably hiked the

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country's debt profile, according to Oniha. "Exchange rate devaluation increased external debt stock by over N1tn," she noted. Oniha explained that the total public debt as of September 2019 included promisory notes amounting to N821.65bn which had been issued to settle the Federal Government's arrears to oil marketing companies and state governments. According to her, the issuance of the promisory notes was in line with the promisory programme approved by the Federal Executive Council and the National Assembly. The DMO boss said out of total new borrowing of N1.61tn provided for in the 2019 Appropriation Act, only the domestic component of N802.82bn was raised due to the late passage of the budget. The expectation that the implementation of the 2020 budget would begin on January 1 also contributed to the inability to raise the external component. Oniha added that the ratio of domestic debt to external debt, which stood at 69:31 as of September 2019 was about the same as of June 2019 when it was 68:32. The Medium-Term Debt Strategy targeted a domestic debt to external debt ratio of 60:40, while the ratio of long-

term to short-term debt in the domestic debt was 80:20. Figures released by Oniha further showed that total debt as a percentage of GDP was 18.47 per cent as of September 2019. The DMO noted that the percentage was within the limit of 25 per cent, and fared better in comparison with the Debt/GDP ratios of countries such as the United States, United Kingdom and Canada, which had ratios of 105 per cent, 85 per cent and 90 per cent respectively. The country's low revenue base needs to be addressed urgently, the DMO boss added. "The low revenue base of Nigeria relative to its GDP is clearly reflected in the high debt service to revenue ratio," she said. Oniha urged Nigerians to support efforts being made by the Federal Government towards increasing and diversifying revenue. She listed the efforts to include the passage of the Finance Act and the Strategic Revenue Growth Initiative of the Federal Ministry of Finance, Budget and National Planning. New borrowings in the 2020 Appropriation Act include N850bn from external sources and N744.99bn from the domestic market.

New domestic borrowings will be raised through FGN bonds, Sukuk, FGN savings bonds and possibly Green Bonds, Oniha said. However, she noted that, for external borrowings, the strategy was to first seek out concessionary and semi concessionary loans due to lower interest rates and longer tenures. Any shortfall, thereafter, may be raised from commercial sources, she added. Despite misgivings over the country's steadily rising debt profile, the DMO boss said the level of new borrowings in the Appropriation Acts had declined consistently since Nigeria came out of recession in 2017. She also insisted that the increase in new borrowings between 2015 and 2017 was informed by the need to stimulate growth and create jobs as outlined in the Economic Growth and Recovery Plan. Oniha suggested that the borrowings helped in taking Nigeria out of recession. Defending borrowings being made by the Federal Government, she argued that Nigeria has always had budget deficits.

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Beauty: Between Tacha and Mercy By Eric Elezuo

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ith the conclusion of Big Brother Naija season three, two 'jolly good friends' became the toast of the Nigerian public: they were Mercy and Tacha. I know you would have opened your mouth in amazement - yes jolly good friends based on their cat and rat relationship in and out of of the BBN house. But beyond their individual beefs, which is not our business at the moment, both women are stunningly beautiful! Consequently, we are putting them on a scale to ask, who between Mercy and Tacha could be referred as beautiful in comparison to the other.

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Entertainment

Tacha

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Mercy

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Cover

The Rape of Ihedioha: Fear Grips Ganduje's Camp By Eric Elezuo

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ith the rather unexpected verdict of the Supreme Court, which sacked the administration of Emeka Ihedioha of Imo State, feelers reaching The Boss reveals that untold fear has gripped the camp of Governor Abdullahi Ganduje of Kano State. This is becaus e the situation that led the removal of the Peoples Democratic Party

government of Ihedioha from Imo State government House holds sway in Kano, with some saying that whatever miracle that saves Ganduje will be countered with an uprising. In his assessment while frowning at what transpired between the judiciary and Ihedioha, a former leader of the defunct Congress for Progressive Change (CPC)

and former ally of President Muhammadu Buhari, Alhaji Buba Galadima, described the Supreme Court verdict, which declared Hope Uzodinma Imo State governor-elect as the greatest wonder in world history. He said: "What has happened is that the SKC Ogbonnia Supreme Court has now tied itself because how can they do that to Emeke

Ihedioha and refuse Abba Kabiru Yusuf in Kano? It was exactly what had happened in Kano. "If an election had to be cancelled, it has to be at the polling unit level according to the Supreme Court. But in Kano, the votes were not cancelled at the polling unit; they were not cancelled at the ward level but they were cancelled at the local level. So, it goes without saying

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that Ganduje is gone, and anything to the contrary, Nigeria will see the fire." But responding, Coordinator of Governor Ganduje's legal team, Mohammad Abdullahi Lawan, argued that Galadima's view has absolutely no correlation with the facts and circumstances of the Ihedioha case and that of Ganduje, insisting that Galadima's point was an exhibition of crass ignorance of the law. In a statement made available to journalists, Lawan explained, "In the former (Ihedioha case), while there was glaring evidence of cancellation of results by officials other than the presiding officers, in Governor Ganduje's case, there was no evidence of such

cancellation by officials order than the presiding officers. "Instead, there was proven evidence in the Governor Ganduje case, that the cancellation of some of the 207 polling units were carried out by the respective presiding officers of Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) at the polling units, as was clearly depicted in the numerous Form ECG 40s tendered and admitted in evidence without any objections by the petitioners. "Again, in the Ganduje case, INEC failed to collate the results of 62 polling units in Gama ward comprising over 48,000 registered voters in an election with a lead

margin of only 26,000 votes! "What is worse is that the disruption of the collation of the results was caused by the PDP agent, one Dr. Yakasai, who testified as PW30." "He admitted that while the results were being collated, a commotion arose and he took away the original results of INEC and hid in a room for over one hour! In the end, only 12 of those results were tendered in court," he stated. The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) had d e c l a r e d t h e governorship candidate of the All Progressives Congress (APC), Abdullahi Ganduje, winner of the Kano State g o v e r n o r s h i p

supplementary election held on March 23, 2019. Mr Ganduje lost the first election held on March 9 by a slim margin, but his total votes in the two polls put him ahead of his main challenger, the candidate of the opposition Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Abba Yusuf. Before the supplementary election, Mr Yusuf was leading Mr Ganduje with about 26,000 votes after he polled 1,014,474 votes to Mr Ganduje's 987,819 votes, leaving a difference of 26,655 votes. In the supplementary election held in 28 out of the 44 local government areas in the state, Mr Ganduje won by scoring 45,876 votes to Mr Yusuf's 10,239 thereby up turning the result in his favour,

Hope Uzodinma Receives Certificate Of Return

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Cover INEC said. The State Returning Officer Bello Shehu, a professor, announced that Ganduje scored a total vote of 1,033,695 while M r Yu s u f p o l l e d 1,024,713, winning with a difference of 8, 982 votes. However, the PDP rejected the conduct of the supplementary election and asked INEC to cancel it, saying that violence marred the conduct of the supplementary election after political thugs attacked voters and j o u r n a l i s t s . Vi d e o footages, most of which went viral captured thugs violently disrupting election process, carting away materials and sending officials and voters scampering for dear life. This necessitated the

litigation that followed thereafter. Arguing the PDP's appeal, Adegboyega Awomolo (SAN), said the State R e t u r n i n g O ff i c e r, illegally cancelled election results from 207 polling units in the state, declared the election inconclusive and went ahead to fix March 23, 2019, for a supplementary poll. But the counsel for the Independent National Electoral Commission, Ahmed Raji (SAN), in urging the court to dismiss the appeal, said the results from the 207 polling units were not cancelled by the State Returning Officers. Recall that late Tuesday, the apex court, in a unanimous judgment by a seven-man panel of justices led by Chief

Justice of Nigeria (CJN) Tanko Muhammad, held that Ihedioha, who contested on the platform of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) was not duly elected. Uzodinma, who was declared elected through allocation of phantom votes, has since being sworn and assumed duties. But in his valedictory statement, Ihedioha described his ouster as a "contravention of the will of people." He said: "I am reporting back to you, our great Imo people, on the fate of the mandate you freely gave to me as governor and Engr. Gerald Irona as deputy governor. This mandate has now been truncated and cut short by the Supreme Court, in

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contravention of the will of the people. "I do not agree with the judgment of the Supreme Court. I think it is unfair, unjust and does not reflect the voting that took place during the elections. It also didn't take care of the sensibilities of the people of Imo State. But as true democrats, Engr. Gerald Irona and I have no option but to respect the outcome of that judgment." The Supreme Court has set Monday, January 20, 2020 for judgment between Ganduje and Yusuf, It is jus a few hours before Ganduje goes the way of Ihedioha or heave a long sigh of relief.

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Tinubu

Pendulum - Dele Momodu -

Dele Momodu

Delemomoduovation

Dele Momodu

momodudele@yahoo.co.uk

Time To Go On Voluntary Sabbatical we have found ourselves in. Ironically, in our situation both the teller and the 'tellee', to borrow the language of lawyers, know the truth but still are determined to continue telling and living the lie!!! Let me say it loud and clear that, I do not understand why some people appear to prefer war to peace. One thing I remind myself of on a daily basis is the inevitability of departing this sinful world someday. The Grim Reaper will come calling for each and every one of us at some appointed time and day. Nobody can cheat death. It is what happens after death that has been the source of serious debate. I do not think that it is a coincidence that whether you believe it or not, practically all religions agree on life after death. That we are heading somewhere, wherever and whenever the destined time comes. It is also the belief that once the race on earth is run, we must all answer to a higher being for our deed and misdeeds on earth. Murder, by any name called, is a cardinal sin, and it

is only natural to expect that those who kill for the mere sake of it, or on the basis of some misguided notion of piety, do so at the peril of their eternal soul. So why then do the so-called believers of whatever religious persuasion behave like rabid infidels? Why do they kill in the name of ethnicity and religion? Why do they destroy the land and wreak havoc on the helpless and defenceless? Why do they savour the sight of blood as if it is vintage red wine? Why do they despise their fellow humans so much that they issue wicked threats in torrents? Why can't we coexist in peace and unity and live happily thereafter? Too many questions begging desperately for answers. To say I love my dear beloved country, Nigeria, is an understatement, but I cannot say with equal degree of certainty that a country I love so passionately loves me in similar fashion. Right from my birth in 1960, a few months before our Independence, all I have

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To say I love my dear beloved country, Nigeria, is an understatement, but I cannot say with equal degree of certainty that a country I love so passionately loves me in similar fashion.

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ellow Nigerians, let me confess that I used to have so much hope in the possibility and viability of one indivisible Nigeria, but that pipe dream has waned drastically and seems about to burst dramatically. Please, forgive my bluntness. When a man is fast approaching 60 like me, you begin to turn from an optimist to a pessimist. What haven't we tried, to make our country greater and better than it was in the colonial days and possibly into the 1970's and to ensure our leaders are far more responsible and responsive, but it seems that our collective efforts have always been doomed to failure and thus we have come to the sorry pass where we can only lament that we have failed. I have always believed that one should always be truthful to oneself. There is a Yoruba saying that two people can never be victims of lies simultaneously because "if the person being lied to does not know it, the person telling the lie knows the truth." Such is the situation

known as far back as my childhood memories can capture is a state of anarchy. I remember "Operation Wet e" of the old Western Nigeria and then so soon after that for a growing child the pains and pangs of the Civil War. Since then it has been one form of internecine strife or the other based on ethnicity or religion and, sometimes, even both. No country on planet is perfect, but our headache is just too much.

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I often sit down and ask, why do we have to know ourselves, and be known for this kind of things. Why can't we have uninterrupted power supply like all normal nations and be applauded for it, especially since we have all the natural and human resources to make it happen? The answer has been rudely elusive. Nearby in Ghana, yes, I prefer to use examples of African countries, instead of Europe and America, before my very eyes, the old Gold Coast plunged into raven darkness, nicknamed 'Dumsor'. And still, before

of reason led to just one inescapable conclusion. And my verdverdict led me in one direction, failure of leadership. What do I mean? I must immediately stress that I have no intention of labelling, ridiculing or lampooning anyone. This is not about one person. It is something systemic and structural. So, let me now explain what I believe the problem has been and the way forward. A good leader must first believe in his country and see every citizen as a member of his own

leadership. They live larger than life, as if that's all there is to life. So, in short, our first problem is wanton profligacy. If we can reduce the atrocious spending on useless enjoyment, Nigeria will have more money for capital developments. It is embarrassing for us to squander, waste and fritter away our resources and still have the temerity to borrow money for sinful pleasure and undisguised decadence. Another feature of our gross indiscipline and lack of leadership is the nature and state of our civil service,

should never be an invitation to incompetent people to partake in a so-called national cake. It should serve as an opportunity to provide an outlet for the millions of talents that litter every part of Nigeria to be drafted into nation building. As a way of reducing our problems, Nigerian leaders should have pity and mercy on the country by reducing their acquisitive tendencies, in all ramifications. Government needs to save money on all fronts for Nigeria to survive these perilous times. Former

my very eyes, 'Dumsor' was conquered and sentenced and banished to eternal damnation within a couple of years. But our situation of incessant power outages, crude darkness has remained unabashedly irredeemable, adamantly recalcitrant, ruthlessly repugnant and stupidly shameless. Out of curiosity, I have tried to carry out my investigations and I only came up with hundreds of reasons why we cannot have light. The more I searched for answers, the more I got confused. But eventually my suspicions got confirmed as all the myriad

family. A leader must never see himself as being bigger and more important than others who must worship him as Lord and Saviour. A leader ought to be the servant of the people and do everything possible to serve meritoriously. But what do we have in Nigeria? Leaders who live on Cloud 10 and behave like Overlords, Emperors and maximum Rulers. As broke as it is claimed that our country is, it has never reflected on our leaders and their families, particularly whilst they still occupy that vaunted position of

which is too unwieldy, in any event. And the workers from top to bottom are not usually employed, appointed or promoted on merit but by special arrangements. It is more about who you know than what you know. So, I believe nothing will improve until we learn to do things appropriately and follow proper procedures. We cannot continue to wallow in the wake of mediocrity, ineptitude and incompetence on the altar of championing parochialism and bigotry. Federal character, which has been the tool used to supplant excellence with inferiority

President Olusegun Obasanjo did well in this area by paying off our debts, at least he managed to get some of it forgiven. However, what little benefit was derived from this venture, the carpetbaggers have since turned on its head and returned us to those inglorious days when our debts were a yoke on us with the result that our debts have hit the roofs again. One of the attractions of a Buhari presidency was the belief that he would be extremely frugal and prudent, managing our resources to

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Pendulum such an extent that we would constantly have a budget surplus and live well within our means, but this expectation has since gone up in smoke! What is noticeable today is a flamboyant Presidency that seems to have lost its moral authority in controlling the poverty ravaging the land, which has led to a horde of impoverished Nigerians furious not just with their leaders, but angry with their country. Whether they agree or not, Nigerians have never suffered this much, and I can see much more coming ahead unless a miracle happens and those running our affairs change their style of governance to something much more creative, imaginative and progressive. Government all over, must realise that they need to do good for the people. Democracy properly practised would be the beginning of the long road to salvation for our country. It would make for the accountability and selflessness which we are so sorely lacking now. Some of us have been telling this government the truth, but it seems they prefer to listen to the liars who tell them all is well. All is not well, please, let's stop deceiving ourselves and call a spade a spade. One day, when this government expires, like it must, no matter how long it stays in power, Nigerians would be shocked to hear what ssome of the people claiming to love Buhari today will say about and against him. We have seen and heard it all before. Leopards do not change their spots no matter what cloaks

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you may try to cover them with. It is then that President Buhari would understand and appreciate the chicanery of vipers in human skin. I have stopped worrying about the usual groans about our abysmal state of underdevelopment and infrastructural decay. My hope and belief are that one day, we will get things right, even though it would need a minor miracle to accomplish that. So, we are used to all the

have come for the Governors and my friends in the legal profession have taught and lectured me that anything is possible in law, so Emeka Ihedioha has no remedy. In short, there is no patriotism any more in the land. Injustice and unfairness reigns supreme. There is nothing like the rule of law. Nobody even pays lip service to that anymore. No-one is willing to raise a voice to challenge what is a

rather than joins hands to collectively forge a great and Tinubu united Nigeria. How can we continue to watch so helplessly and, now, so hopelessly? I must confess that I'm tired and have decided to take a sabbatical from the politics of Nigeria and Nigerian politicians. I'm not convinced majority of our people are ready for their own liberation and redemption. They have

failings in our socioeconomic existence and we have proffered our individual solutions. However, I have a major worry. It is the virtual collapse of our democratic institutions, one after the other. They came for the Local Government officials and we pretended not to see or know, and we moved on. They attacked the National and State legislators, we shrugged our shoulders and simply moved further on. They lunged at the Judiciary, finding their soft underbelly, we hailed the stormtroopers and screamed "crucify them, they are thieves," and we moved along. Now, they

debilitating attack on our very core and soul because it seems that we do not believe in the Nigerian project again. All manner of ill-will and illwind appears to be buffeting and ravaging our nation. It is just as if a cyclone of the worst of human traits has suddenly afflicted our country. Corruption has refused to be tamed. Integrity has long since gone out of the window. Justice is no longer a word to be found in our lexicon. Those who were beating the sectional drums and who we derided and treated with scorn are now in the ascendancy. Everybody now seems to want to follow their primordial instincts

become used to suffering, abuse and degradation. I believe Nigerians have now conditioned their body and soul to receive the merciless battering that they are getting from soulless persons professing to run our various governments nationwide, and we are now in a state of sombre stupor and forlorn somnambulism. Don't they say "a man who's down fears no fall..." Let's start writing about other topics and places. Is there really anything better to do in this season of anomy? God bless the Federal Republic of Nigeria...

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Ebonyi and Tales of Violent, Mysterious Deaths By Eric Elezuo

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s many that has been to Ebonyi State, especially the capital, Abakiliki, has had one term of endearment or another to describe the g o v e r n o r, M r. D a v e Umahi, for his wonderful w o r k s a n d foresightedness. However, in the midst of the sure footed development sweeping through the state, a lot of uncanny scenarios are reported on a daily basis of violent deaths, sometimes involving very close members against one another. Earlier in the week, the

lifeless body of a nursing mother, one Mama Ebuka, was found inside a gutter in Abakaliki, the Ebonyi State capital. It was gathered that the woman, until her death, was nursing a two-weekold girl, whom she gave birth to on January 1, 2020. Mama Ebuka's partially burnt body was found inside a gutter around the Enugu North Transport Company park at the VANCO area of Abakaliki. Investigation revealed that the woman, who was a Catholic, left home for Mass on Sunday, but did not return.

The incident, it was learnt, led her husband to report his wife's disappearance at the state police headquarters. Over the weekend, it was reported that a widow, Nkechi Ezaka Ucha, and her lover, Ifeanyi Nwokwu, were discovered to have been killed by an unknown assailant with their corpses locked inside a room to decomposing stage. The incident, which happened in Umuezeoka Umueze Ezza-Effium in Ohaukwu Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, threw the

area into panic as it was suspected that their killing was linked to infidelity. Nkechi and Ifeanyi's decomposing bodies were discovered by neighbours following fowl stench emanating from the man's room, where they were locked. An insider described the development as worrisome, saying it was not the first time such ugly incident will occur in the community. Hear him: "Sometimes last year, a similar incident happened where armed robbers killed a young man in this same Umuezeoka

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Umueze community and till now the perpetrators of this heinous crime have not been brought to book. "The spate of killing and armed robbery activities in Umuezeoka Umueze in Effium Autonomous Community has reached an alarming proportion. "So many of our illustrious sons and daughters can no longer visit home because of the fear of the unknown. "Our aged fathers and mothers have been living at the mercy of this terror men. "I am pleading with the Inspector General of Police, Mohammed Adamu, and Ebonyi State Government to please come to our aid as our people can no longer sleep at home and those of us who are in the cities cannot come home because of cases of similar nature." Funnily enough, the killing spree is not limited to Umuezeoka Umueze community. It was also reported mid December that a 29-yearold man, one late Boniface Nwoha, a native of Amike Aba community in Ebonyi local government area of Ebonyi State was killed by unknown gunmen. It was learnt that he was murdered at a drinking joint where he had gone for relaxation. It was gathered that the victim had a quarrel with some persons in his residence at Amike Aba, which resulted to fight and wounding of some persons. Investigation further revealed that the victim

was killed following a reprisal attack by his opponent. When contacted, a family member of the deceased who spoke unanimity, said he received a call around 9:25pm from an unknown person who informed him of the incident, but before he could get to the location, men of the Nigeria Police Force had already taken his corpse away. He accused one Ekpenyi of masterminding the killing, adding that the suspect was a leader of the gang that attacked his brother. Again, seven persons were said to have been arrested in connection with the murder of a 25 year old man, Ndubisi Nwali. According to the News Agency of Nigeria, the victim hailed from Effium, Ohaukwu Local Government area of the state. The development heightened tension between the Effium and Ezz-Effium communities of the council where the assailants are suspected to come from.

DSP George Okafor, the Command's Public Relations Officer, said the victim's cousin, Uchenna Ochika, reported that the victim visited him on Sept. 22. Ochika alleged that the victim was shot by unidentified gunmen after he saw the victim off. "The cousin said when he arrived at the shooting scene, he saw six boys running and the victim still writhing in pains and he mentioned the names of those who shot him. "The victim was quickly rushed to the Sudan Missionary Hospital, Effium, where he later died, though we have arrested seven suspects in connection with the murder. "The state Commissioner of Police visited the area, interacted with stakeholders and deployed several officers in the area. "The fear of reprisal attacks has forced people to abandon their homes," he said. The PPRO said p r e l i m i n a r y investigations showed

that the problem was caused by a committee set up by the council's Caretaker Committee Chairman, Clement Odaa, to safeguard forest reserves in the area. "We learnt that the chairman gave arms to the committee members which is illegal." In addition, a 38-year-old man, Simon Ozibo, was remanded in a correctional facility for murdering his mother, Mrs Felicia Ozibo. It was gathered that the suspect committed the crime on Thursday, November 14, 2019, at Iziogo community in the Izzi Local Government Area of the state. The accused allegedly murdered his mother in the presence of his wife with a cutlass and shovel when she came to his house to visit him. In his confessional statement, Simon said he had always seen her as being responsible for his ugly experience in life. He added that he was in the habit of smoking India hemp, but

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maintained that on the day of the incident, he was not under the influence of drugs and alcohol. The accused was arraigned on one count of murder. The police prosecutor, Eze Ndubuako, told the court that the offence was punishable under Section 319(1) of the Criminal Code, Cap. 33, Vol. 1, Laws of Ebonyi State of Nigeria, 2009. In yet another development, a 16-yearold boy, Ifeanyichukwu Ejeh, living in Ndiogodo Idoko village, Ishieke community clubbed his father, Michael Ejeh to death. Ifeanyichukwu, who is an SS2 student of Community Secondary School, Mbeke in the area, was said to have hit the father severally with a pestle when the father was asleep shortly after a misunderstanding between them over N1,000 money given to the boy to buy things and cook for the family but which he allegedly used to settle financial requirements in his school. He thereby committed an offence punishable under section 319(1) cap 33 vol. 1 laws of Ebonyi State of Nigeria. Ifeanyi was arraigned in charge No MAB/105/2017 before an Abakaliki Magistarte court. While in the dock, the boy, who pleaded for leniency, blamed his act on a spirit attack. He said he was reading his book in their compound when something suddenly came

over him and asked him to kill his father. He said he regained his senses after committing the crime and saw his father laying in a pool of his own blood. But wife of the deceased, Mrs Mary Ejeh a Cross River-based business woman, who admitted she was not around when the incident occurred, said the deceased gave N1, 000 to the suspect for cooking but he used it for his school expenses which annoyed the father, leading to a heated argument between the deceased and his son. As if that wasn't enough, a 26-year-old man, Christian Nweke, was remanded in a correctional facility for beheading a t w o - y e a r - o l d b o y, Onyedikachi Nwali. The suspect allegedly beheaded the two-year-old boy and drank his blood, while the mother went to fetch water from the stream. It was learnt that the suspect, who confessed to the crime, was a barber in Onitsha, Anambra State, and was allegedly suffering from chest pains, until he was brought to the Church of Christ Mission, Ugbaenyim Ezza, Umuhuali community, in the Ishielu Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, where the boy and his parents were seeking spiritual help. Asked if he was a ritualist or sent

to kill and suck the blood of the boy for money rituals, the suspect said, "No. I'm not a ritualist. Nobody sent me to kill anybody. But I noticed that since the prophetess of this prayer ministry prayed for me, a lot of things have changed and I no longer reason right." It was alleged that the suspect committed the crime on December 13, 2019, at the premises of the Church of Christ Mission, Ugbaenyim Ezza. Mr Chinasa Ogbaga, a native of Egwuagu Okpuitumo Community in the Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, is not left out in the malady of mindless killings as he was said to have butchered his two children and left one halfdead. The accused person, who was said to have committed the act on a Saturday night when villagers and other family members had gone to bed, allegedly took the children to the bush one after the other and slaughtered them. Names of the two slain

children were given as Chikamso Ogbaga, a sixyear-old boy and Chizaram Ogbaga, fouryear-old girl, while the third, who was lucky to have been rescued half dead, is Emmanuel Ogbaga, a two-year-old boy. The list of the mindless killings is endless. Do we talk about one Chimezie who killed his father because of cooked yam or the woman who murdered her two children or even the five who were not only killed but beheaded. The police unfortunately seems helpless in most situation as their function has been confined to confirming the incident as the state Police Public Relations Officer, DSP Loveth Odah, and her boss, the Police Commissioner have been known to answer in recent times. "We are aware of the matter and the police are investigating it," has become the language after every bizarre act of blood letting. Time is now for the police to wake up to their security duties.

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ADDING VALUE WITH HENRY UKAZU henrous@gmail.com

The Challenges of Life

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reetings Dear Friends, Let me confess to you all. It's always a pleasure writing every week despite the challenges I go through trying to meet the deadline. I will also like to appreciate the kind support of my editors and various media firms who have been very resourceful and supportive. As you may know, nothing in life is easy, despite publishing insightful and thought-provoking articles every week consistently, I can authoritatively tell you if not for passion and addiction, I wouldn't have been able to overcome the pressures. This is because I need to deal with the pressure of daily work, personal commitments and life challenges in addition to having a sound mind in order to produce a good work. In all, I will say, God is the ultimate "source" because beside from him, I can do nothing! I had to X-ray these challenges because you may be experiencing a peculiar or different challenge that might have defined or shaped you in one way or another. We all face different challenges relating to finance, family/relationship, business, academics, health, etc. The big questions now remain, how do you face and conquer your challenges. The aim of this article is to see how we can address the numerous

challenges facing life, and how it can be overcome. Emotions: The first step in handling any challenge is m a n a g i n g e m o t i o n s . Yo u r emotions play a critical role in stabilizing you in critical moments. This is because it's extremely easy to act in anger, sadness or even frustration. As a way of advice, do or say nothing when you are angry because what you may say or do may be worst than the harm in question. Remember, words are like scars when you are hurt, the wound might heal, but the scar will still remain. It's just like our words, it can be used to make or mar our life and relationship. As human beings, most times we allow our emotions to take a big chunk of our life. However, being able to sit down and analyze the situation will be a great way to diffuse or addresses any situation you might be facing. It's worthy to note that only weak people act out impulsively. Strong people, however, see them as challenges and practice massive selfcontrol. It should be noted that your negative emotions are simply challenges. So take up the challenge and start to master your

emotions. You'll be stronger with this mindset if you master your emotions because it will enable you to study and learn human behavior. Furthermore, It's important to note that human beings are the most difficult people on earth to deal with. Some can be happy to relate with while some can be toxic to deal with. Most times we have people who get to our nerves, for example, our friends, partners, arrogant boss or even family member, but because we need peace, love, and friendship, you try to remain calm and allow your peace of mind to control you. In that way, you'll be able to diffuse the problem as opposed to reacting back which might escalate the problem. Your Job Your job is not exempted from the challenge of life. Dealing with the politics of the job can be a great way of facing the challenges of life. You can deal with it by being positive with

each ugly incident you are not comfortable with. Dealing with your colleagues, bosses, supervisors, inferiors and administrative bottleneck can be a pain in your body, however, your attitude to each situation can be a remedy in fixing the issue at play.Whether you lose your job, an opportunity, or a relationship, you'll be forced to face the associated challenges that come with it. Regardless of how it happens, the loss is one of life's biggest challenges in life. However, loss gives you the opportunity to reflect on what is truly important so that you to keep moving forward. We have all experienced a s low in progress, hindrance or delay on our journey. The challenge is understanding why the delay happened. What caused our progress to slow down. Setbacks are learning opportunities. Having a firm understanding of the types of

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things that slow your progress will allow you to both avoid and preempt them Life issues Every living being must surely face challenges. The only time challenges will stop will be when you give up the ghost. On a daily note, you face challenges in taking care of your responsibility both personally and professionally. Whether at home, at work, in public areas or even in the hospital, you are bound to deal with life issues. You kids can get on your nerve, it can even a traffic situation or something you can't really explain how it came up, but you're just expected to deal with it. My take on this is, smile and say this too shall pass especially when you have your best and the situation still persists. Things simply don't go as planned. That's life! And life will never stop giving you challenges. So stop complaining. Take up the challenges and assume full responsibility for the situation. Te n d t o Yo u r L o v i n g Relationships These relationships don't just happen magically; they grow and are sustained through attentive care and hard work. Mature love in marriage, family, or friendships is a dynamic

living experience. It requires a commitment to keep it working. It involves a daily process of overcoming the challenges. It accepts the reality that we will hurt one another and be hurt by one another. It is the nature of being human. These pains cannot be avoided. We can only devote ourselves to do what we can do to weather them and to mend them. Love, then, is essentially repair work which we must use to heal the wounds. However, we must endeavor to take responsibility for our mistakes by learning to say I'm sorry and then making an effort to make amends. We should also learn to forgive. As the monks do every day, we fall down and get up, fall down and get up again. The question now becomes, how do we face these challenges? Positive thinking This is harder than most would think. Shaping your thoughts can be an uphill task. It's easy to go awry in your head. It's easy to start linking them with your emotions and then acting out impulsively. So take your thoughts as challenges because they want you to follow them. Overcome them slowly and have patience with yourself.

Your thoughts are your reality, so create the reality you want. Calm yourself. During stressful times, we sometimes push the panic button and "catastrophize", or imagine the worst. Instead, calm yourself with "traffic light coping". This exercise, developed by Dr. Williams, works like this: When you start to feel worried, panicked, or angry—when you start to "see red"— stop and relax. Pause. Take time to breathe deeply to help calm your body and mind, then move forward. Start with a single step. The sooner you take action, the better you'll feel. If a challenge feels overwhelming, think about the simplest thing you could do to take you in the direction you want to go. Then do it. Mastering Your Mind Your mind can be a formidable opponent on your path to becoming a better person. It can pipe up with all kinds of negative commentary when things are not going well and can have the power to derail you with doubt and fear – if you let it. Mastering your mind is one of the greatest life challenges of all. Your mind controls your perspective, it informs how you receive and process your interactions with the world around you. Unlike other things you can claim mastery over after a finite amount of time, the mind can take some a lifetime to master. Some common methods to calm the mind include having personal time for yourself, therapy, meditating, selfr e f l e c t i o n , p r a y e r, a n d intentional silence. You don't have to be hard on yourself, give your self some break. In conclusion, whatever

problems you think you have, whatever it is you've gone through, whatever you're going through right now. You're a challenge by itself. Don't let mistakes, challenges, circumstances, pressure define you, you're bigger than them all. Life challenges are not to paralyze but to make you discover who you are. I will leave you with some great nuggets: Life is a challenge – Meet it Life is a gift – Accept it Life is an adventure – Dare it Life is a sorrow – Overcome it Life is a game – Play it Life is a mystery – Unfold it Life is a song – Sing it Life is an opportunity – Take it Life is a journey – Complete it Life is a promise – Fulfill it Life is a love – Enjoy it Life is a beauty Praise it Life is a struggle – Fight it Life is a puzzle – Solve it Life is a goal – Achieve it. Yes, we may have been hurt in one way or the other, but as Mother Teresa will say, in other to live a positive life we need to have to have a positive mental attitude. According to her: People are often unreasonable and self-centered, Forgive them anyway. If you are kind, people will accuse of you ulterior motives – Be kind anyway If you are honest people may cheat you, Be honest anyway The good you do today maybe forgotten, Be good anyway If you find happiness, people may be jealous Be happy anyway

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Facebook May Be Forced To Sell WhatsApp, Instagram Here's Why

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acebook Inc, is being sued by four potential competitors who a c c u s e i t o f anticompetitive behavior and have asked a judge to order Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerberg to give up control of the social media behemoth. The companies also said if Facebook isn't forced to sell its WhatsApp and Instagram assets, it'll integrate them into the social network, "consolidating its market power across the globe, likely permanently foreclosing competition in the relevant markets for decades to come." The lawsuit was filed Thursday in San Francisco by Reveal Chat HoldCo LLC, a successor to the dating site LikeBright; USA Technology and

Management Services Inc., better known as the credit and financial service provider Lenddol; former peer-to-peer site Cir.cl Inc.; and former identity verification provider Beehive Biometric Inc. The companies describe Facebook as "one of the largest unlawful monopolies ever seen in the United States" and say the aim of the lawsuit is "to halt the most brazen, willful anticompetitive scheme in a generation." The big internet platforms are facing a high level of scrutiny of their business practices after years of virtual inaction in Washington. Both the Justice Department and the F e d e r a l Tr a d e Commission, which share a mandate to enforce antitrust laws, have

announced broad reviews of the technology sector — indicating that Facebook and possibly Amazon.com Inc. will undergo parallel investigations by both agencies. Facebook responded by saying: " We o p e r a t e i n a competitive environment where people and advertisers have many choices," Facebook said in an emailed statement. "In the current environment, where plaintiffs' attorneys see financial opportunities, claims like this aren't unexpected but they are without merit." The companies suing say getting Zuckerberg to divest is necessary to get Facebook to cease its anticompetitive behavior.

"There is no adequate remedy of law to prevent the irreparable harm that has — and will continue — to result from Zuckerberg's continued control of Facebook," the companies said. Facebook opened its platform to developers when it needed their help to catch up in the early 2010s to the fastgrowing mobile market and then gave many of them the boot when it no longer needed them or started to see them as rivals, the companies claim in the lawsuit. The company cut off many developers' access to user data, rendering their apps useless and forcing some out of business, according to the lawsuit.

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Damaged Undersea Cables To Blame For Slow Internet In Nigeria, Others

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wo important undersea cables, the West Africa Cable System (WACS) and South Atlantic 3 (SAT3) that connect Nigeria to the global internet are said to be responsible for the slow internet the country is currently undergoing. The internet outage also affects the African countries along the corridor the cables are located. The two cables link Portugal and Spain to South Africa where they terminate, with connections to several West African countries along the way. The current breakdown in service began near Libreville, Gabos according to Axxess, an internet service provider. NetBlocks.org, a nonprofit organisation that tracks internet shutdowns noted that about 12 African countries were affected by the internet outage. Apart from Nigeria, other countries that were impacted include Ghana, Cameroun, Ivory Coast, South Africa, Angola etc. In Nigeria, MTN the largest telecommunication company in Africa sent an SMS apology to its customers promising that it was working with other stakeholders to restore normalcy. Meanwhile, some Nigerian bank branches also complained of slow internet service which led to long queues in many of the banks. There are currently about

1.5 million kilometres of optic subsea cables g l o b a l l y. T h e f i r s t submarine cables was laid in 1858, a telegraphic cable connecting Britain to the USA. The next generation of submarine cables in terms of technology, were the coaxial and copper cables which were used by telephone companies. The TAT-1 (Transatlantic No. 1) was the first transatlantic telephone cable system and it was laid in 1956. Before 2009, only 16 African countries were connected to a submarine cable system. That number has since increased to 26 cable systems. As at 2016, submarine cable capacity reached 33 countries. About five of the cable networks are powering connectivity in West Africa. These include MainOne, Glo 1, WACS,

ACE, and SAT-3. These cables also land on Nigeria's shores. Experts have noted that 70 per cent of the threats to submarine cables are not from natural causes but from external aggression. These threats fall into two categories namely fishing and shipping activities. Fishing activities include harmful practices like bottom trawling. Bottom trawling is an industrial fishing method where a large net with heavy weights is dragged across the seafloor, scooping up everything in its path – from the targeted fish to incidentally cutting fibre optic cables in the process or snagging at them in such a way that it causes a shunt. In the case of shipping, anchorage which happens when ships drop their anchors where there are submarine cables and it

lands on them. In 2008, there was an Italy-Egypt incident in which shipping traffic cut three cables, reducing connectivity by 80 per cent. Other threats include dredging activities and off-shore activities in the oil and gas industry; where oil and gas installation, production and maintenance activities occur near or along cable paths it could result in damage to the subsea optic fibre infrastructure. Threats from natural disasters include submarine earthquakes and landslides, waves and ocean currents, tsunami and storm surges; extreme weather (e.g hurricanes); icebergs or volcanic activity; climate change among others.

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Stanbic IBTC Bank Wins Best Foreign Exchange Provider Award

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tanbic IBTC Bank Plc, a subsidiary of Stanbic IBTC Holdings Plc, has emerged the Best Foreign Exchange Provider in Nigeria at the Global Finance World's Best Foreign Exchange Provider Awards. The

event held at RSA House in London recently. Stanbic IBTC Bank won the award having performed excellently in the following areas: customer service, scope of global coverage, transaction volume, innovative technologies,

competitive pricing and market share. The panel of judges at the Global Finance award also considered various inputs from industry analysts as well as corporate executives and technology specialists. Headquart ered in New York, w i t h offices around the world, Global Finance awards identifies a n d awards top performer s among banks and

other providers of financial services. The best performing financial institutions are recognized at three levels: global, regional (continent) and country. Standard Bank, the parent company of Stanbic IBTC Holdings Plc, was awarded as the Best Foreign Exchange Provider for Africa at this year's awards. The Nigerian Capital Importation reports of the Nigerian Bureau of Statistics identified Stanbic IBTC Bank Plc as attracting the highest volume of capital investments into Nigeria in the second and third quarters of 2019.

CBN Positions To Mop Up Excess Liquidity As N630.84bn Hit System Today

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entral Bank of Nigeria (CBN) will today mop-up the excess liquidity from the financial system as N630.84 billion is expected to hit the market. This amount is expected from combined maturities of Open Market Operation (OMO) and the Nigerian Treasury Bills (NTB). At the primary market auction held yesterday, the CBN offered NT-Bills worth N225.45 billion across 91-day (N5.85 billion), 182-day (N26.60 billion) and 364-day (N193 billion) tenors. The FSDH Research show that the NT-Bills market closed on a positive note o n We d n e s d a y w i t h average yield declining by

2 percent basis point and settling at 4.44 percent from 4.46 percent on the previous trading day. Buying interest was witnessed on 30-Jan-20 and 13-Feb-20 maturity NTBills, compressing yields by 15 bps and 11bps, respectively. The average OMO yields rose by 31bps to 13.11 percent from the last close 12.80 percent. Average OMO yields on the short-term, medium-term, and long-term maturities increased by 48 bps, 37 bps and 10bps, respectively. On Wednesday, Overnight (O/N) rate increased by 0.75 percent to close at 14.17 percent from 13.42 percent the previous day while Open Buy Back rate also increased by 1.00 percent to

close at 13.33 percent as against 12.33 percent the previous day. The money market rate increased on Wednesday as outflows from NT-bills auction worth N225.45 billion negatively impacted the system liquidity. "We expect the money market rates to decline as inflows from bond coupon payment worth N106.1 billion NT-bills

worth N225.45 billion and OMO maturities worth N405.39 billion are expected to hit the financial system this week," analysts at FSDH research said. At the bond market, the report revealed that the bond market closed on a negative note on Wednesday, as average yields closed higher by 6bps across the curve.

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The

Business

BOSS NEWSPAPER

GEPCare Foundation To Intensify Fight Against Human Trafficking Among Nigerians In Diaspora

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EPCare Foundation, a not-for-profit organisation that focuses on reducing instances of human trafficking among young girls and women, is intensifying the antihuman trafficking campaign especially among Nigerians in the diaspora with a 2-day

summit between 31 January and 1 February in Dublin, Ireland. Themed "Getting Involved," the summit will feature a seminar, movie screening of "Osato" a movie co-produced by Susan Jackson, Deborah Gahan, and Angela Ify Mojekwu-Egbera and directed by Eddy

Ifeanyichukwu. Osato is based on the true story of a trafficked victim that raises awareness on the ills of human trafficking. "We urge you, with a sense of urgency, to join in on this multilateral action! We invite you to attend this life-changing summit that aims to contribute to the exposure and reduction of this human trafficking beast. It is time to speak out," said Deborah Gahan, director at GEPCare Foundation. According to her, the summit will also include a fundraiser geared at engaging industry stakeholders, the flashpoint demography

and the government, to commit to working together in line with the global goals of United Nations against the trafficking of persons. Gahan opined that the foundation would be riding on its partnership with government agencies, such as the Nigerian Embassy, the Office of the Deputy Senate President of Nigeria, and support from the Department of Justice and Equality, to bring more awareness, especially among Nigerians in the diaspora and shine more light on the stigma, whilst seeking ways to reduce it to its possible minimum.

BDCs Raise Alarm Over France Involvement In Eco Currency

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he Bureau De Change operators have raised alarm over the involvement of France in the Eco currency project, saying the Federal Government should be wary of this. Aminu Gwadabe, president of Association of Bureaux De Change Operators of Nigeria (ABCON) gave the advice while giving a review of the Association's Quarterly Review for the fourth quarter (Q4) of 2019. He described the recent decision of the francophone countries to change the name of their common currency to ECO as worrisome and should be seen as an attempt by

France to continue its dominant control of the Francophone West Africa country's economies. "Nigeria must not adopt the currency with France or Euro as the background promoters to avoid enslaving West Africa economically". Gwadabe said if the prime objective to facilitate cross border trade and economic development of the member states is still to be achieved, the structure of the system must be built on fundamentals in the sub region to complete with other economic blocks. "Government is encouraged to pursue the project with sincerity of purpose based on sound policies devoid of interference from any

economic block. The Central Bank of the sub region should be independent to invest the reserves in any world currency to satisfy the interest of constituent states". However, ABCON has called on the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to

address the various factors threatening the profitability of BDC business in the country, particularly, "a market structure that exposes a B D C f i r m t o unconventional structure, unfair competition and risk".

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The

Business

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FirstBank Boosts Education Sector, Supports Schools with N10bn Loan

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igeria's premier and leading financial services provider, First Bank of Nigeria Limited, has announced that within the last year, it has supported educational institutions in the country with loans to the tune of over N10 billion. The Bank's support is carried out through its FirstEdu product, an educational solution created to enhance the educational facilities in schools with a view to improving the quality of education across the country. FirstEdu loan is targeted at private Nursery, Primary and Secondary schools to assist the schools in achieving their desired growth in the medium and long-term. The product provides funding to replace old furniture and equipment, pay staff salaries, purchase brand

new or fairly-used buses as well as refurbish dilapidated buildings and classroom blocks. With this product, school owners/proprietors can stay ahead to make learning easy and conducive for students. The product enables the schools to access facilities with no tangible collateral, apart from domiciliation of school fees account with the Bank. On the other hand, FirstEdu portal is a modular and robust web-based enterprise portal that enables tertiary educational institutions manage academic, administrative, professional, logistics and payment challenges. The product features and benefits include; eLearning, virtual library and facilitation of exchange programmes with foreign educational institutions; academic & student events/time-table/calendar

management; school fees payment via the internet; online information and result checking; interactive community forum between students and teachers. It also affords applicants the opportunity of enrolling from the comfort of their homes or any location around the world; no licensing, installation and maintenance cost and plugs avenues for revenue leakages amongst others. According to Chuma Ezirim, Group Executive, e-Business & Retail Products, First Bank of Nigeria Limited, "With FirstEdu, private schools across the various tiers of education in Nigeria; elementary, secondary and tertiary, have the right tool to boost their business to the level they desire. We are pleased to have already disbursed over N10 billion loans to

schools in one year and we would continue to support growth in this key sector of our economy." "At FirstBank, we identify with the impact of the educational sector on the socio-economic activities of the country and importantly the lives of everyone. We remain committed to supporting schools as education is the core and root factor at enabling growth of our economy" he concluded. In need of the right educational solutions to give your school a boost, visit the FirstBank branch nearest to you or contact us on our social media channels; @firstbanknigeria on I n s t a g r a m ; @firstbankngr on twitter a n d FirstBankofNigeriaLimi ted on Facebook.

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ISSN-2052-1979

BOSS NEWSPAPER

Lifestyle

Vol.2.32

www.thebossnewspapers.com

A Publication of Ovation Media Group

TOP NOTCH

I Prefer International Awards To Local Awards - Burna Boy EVENTS

Glamorous Wedding Between Khadijat Mowaninuola Akinkuolle And Abdulrasheed Adekunle Ashimi In Lagos

Wide Legged Pants: The Shape Shooter

Man U Will Not Suffer EPL Title Drought Like Liverpool - Solskjaer


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Entertainment

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TOPNOTCH ...Celebrity Gist Unlimited

Guy Behind Viral Crying Meme & Whatsapp Sticker Narrates What Happened

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ladee, the University of Ilorin student behind a viral crying meme has narrated what happened the day the photo was taken. The student who placed a bet with the money his grandmother gave him for food, said losing the money made him cry that day.

The internet sensation further revealed that he decided to add more emotion to his tears to see if those that took the money his grandmother gave him, will have sympathy and return it to him. He, however, expressed surprise on how the photo got leaked and became a viral meme.

Evangelist Mike Bamiloye Welcomes First Grand Child

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haring the good news, Mike Bamiloye wrote "Welcoming the Arrival o f : G l o r i a , Oluwasemilogo, Oluwatumininu, Praise, Zion. While the Location of #TheTrain Journey of Faith was going on, the Baby was arriving at home." The father of the newborn also took to his Instagram page to share the good news, he wrote; “Join us to praise the lord. He added a beautiful daughter of Zion to the family. Make welcome Gloria, Praise, OluwaSemilogo, OluwaTumininu, OluwaSeyifunmi, Deborah, Osayuware,

OluwaDamilare, Zion p h o t o c r e d i t @smhphotographyshotz. "

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Entertainment

The

BOSS NEWSPAPER

9ice Celebrates His 40th Birthday With Lovely Photos

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oni Payne's exhsuband and Beauty's new husband, Abolore "9ice" Akande is celebrating his 40th birthday today and he has put out some very colourful photos to celebrate his birthday, he also has some words to say - checkout his message below: ‘'Thanks to my mum for giving birth to me. Never regretted coming to the w o r l d t h ro u g h h e r ! Thanks to my dad for just not the sperm but the advice, the time, the commitment and the prayers. Thanks to my wife for always waking me up with prayers not for her but for me. We all need more prayers.''

"My 2020 Goal Is To Help People" – Waje

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ituaje Iruobe, known professionally as Waje, is a Nigerian singer whose vocal range covers three octaves. She first gained recognition after being featured on the remake of P-Square's "Omoge Mi". Waje was also featured on the duo's 2008 hit track "Do Me" The Nigerian singer, Waje has revealed her plan to help people all through 2020. The singer shared a powerful post via her Instagram page, stating that she is ready to build a Legacy by helping people as much as she can.

She wrote; "Now I'm ready My 2020 goal is to help people. help businesses grow, pay fees for some who can't, use my voice for those who can't. By your grace Lord I'll build a legacy, live my best life, own my truth, work on my flaws, love love and live a life to thanksgiving. Thank you merbella for detoxing me. T h a n k s t o @omawonder my travel buddy and friend." www.thebossnewspapers.com


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Entertainment

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BOSS NEWSPAPER

Kanye West Spotted Giving Alms On The Street

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anye West was spotted doing a random act of kindness when he gave a homeless veteran a wad of cash this week. The Jesus Walks rapper, 42, was seen stopping his ÂŁ150,000 Lamborghini before ordering his bodyguard to give the man some money at a Calabasas freeway exit on Wednesday afternoon. He was photographed holding a sign that said "Veteran on the road anything helps" as he was approached by the security guard. Dressed in a black tshirt, matching trousers,

a parka and black trainers, Kanye appeared to be keeping his head down as he watched his sweet gesture unfold. Kanye didn't speak to the man himself but kept back at his car as the bodyguard went over to him. It's not clear how much Kanye offered the veteran in his good deed. The musician turned designer recently opened up about how his growing Christian faith has encouraged him to be a better person.

I Prefer International Awards To Local Awards - Burna Boy

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urna Boy has been on a row winning s e v e r a l international awards which he clearly enjoys, he has also spoken out for the first time that he prefers to receive an international award than the national ones while speaking to popular O A P, E b u k a O b i Uchendu. Burna Boy said international awards are clearly more prestigious and more importantly they are given based on merit as it is more difficult for artists to bribe the judges or award organisers in order to win.

M a n y music fans have also agreed with Burna Boys view on local a n d internation al awards.

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Events

The

BOSS NEWSPAPER

Mama Adeline Adefunke Ipadeola Laid To Rest In Oyo State Story: Eric Elezuo

Photo: Ken Ehimen

The Ipadeola family

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amily members, well wishers and friends were on hand to bid farewell to Princess Adeline Adefunke Ipadeola, who passed on at the age of 78. Mama's journey to the great beyond began with a Christian wake keep held at Akinmoorin Grammar school, Ibadan where words of exhortations, hymns, praises and prayers were rendered. As the next day unfolded, a requiem mass was held at St. James Anglican Church, Owode, Oyo State under the supervision of Rev. Ven. Adewuyi Opadara. In his sermon, Rev Ven. Opadara eulogised Mama Ipadeola for the life she www.thebossnewspapers.com


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Events

BOSS NEWSPAPER

Mrs. Omowunmi Adu, Mrs. Toyin Falode, Mrs. Foyeke Ibidapo with Mrs. Ademola Adeyemi

Mr. & Mrs. Tade Ipadeola

Kemi Ipadeola with Bonuade Iyabo Adeyemi

Venerable Opadara Adewuyi

lived and encouraged the congregants to emulate her lifestyle. A heartfelt thanksgiving followed the session, and family members and friends joined in giving thanks to God for her life well spent. The mass was rounded off with closing hymns, and the remains were taken conveyed back to her

The

Mr. & Mrs. Seun Bidogun

Clergy men

residence where she was interred. At the close of the dust to dust rites, a splendid reception ensued at Akinmoorin Grammar school. With good from Kayode Abayode Band, the guests feasted on the best of local and continental dishes as well as choice beverages. Princess Adeline

Mr. Adu & wife Omowunmi Adu

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page 34

Events

Barr. Lanre & Mrs. Toyin Falode

Mrs. Oluwakemi Ipadeola and son with Mrs. Yinka Ojomola

Mr. Dokun Ipadeola with Mr. Bukola Ipadeola

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BOSS NEWSPAPER

Mrs. Omowunmi Adu with Mrs. Ademola Adeyemi

Rv. Dr. Abayomi & Mrs. Dorcas Lawal

Mr. Tade & wife Moyofade Ipadeola

Adefunke Ipadeola was born on September 4, 1941, in Zungeru, Niger State. She had a profitable career as an educationist before retirement in 1995. Mama died on September 29, 2019, having fulfilled an enviable role as a community leader. May her soul rest in peace! Mrs. Odibo, Mrs. Fajana, Mrs. Olukemi Fowowe with Mrs. Bolanle Awopetu

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Events

Barr. Moji Adeyemi, Princess Sade Sadiq with Princess Bolaji Abdul

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The

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Anjola Adeyemi, Mrs. Ademola Adeyemi with Moyefolaoluwa Adeyemi

Couple with Bride's Family

Bimbo Adeola, Adekunbi Oladipo, Moyofade Ipadeola, Omolara Akinwale with Oluwarantimisirere Fayankinnu

Cynthia Adekanye, Folade Tinuola Fikayomi John

Adeodu Kehinde Johnson, Tade Ipadeola, Adeodu Taiwo Solomon with Adeodu Adefunke Beatrice

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Events

The

BOSS NEWSPAPER

Glamorous Wedding Between Khadijat Mowaninuola Akinkuolle And Abdulrasheed Adekunle Ashimi In Lagos Story: Eric Elezuo

Groomsmen Princess Toyin Kolade

Photo: Ken Ehimen

Pastor Femi Faseru

W

Couple on the dance floor

ith love, joy and were conducted by the o v e r f l o w i n g Alaga Iduro in the person happiness, the o f M r s . A b i m b o l a families of Chief S. O. Akinwunmi after which Akinkuolle from Ondo the couple stepped out in State, and Abdullateef style for a glorious dance Olaide from Ogun State, as King Sunny Ade and came together to join their h i s b a n d k e p t t h e children, Khadijat a t m o s p h e r e M o w a n i n u o l a a n d turbocharged. Abdulrasheed Adekunle With rib cracking humour in holy matrimony. from MC Ajele, the guests The wedding between the savoured the best of Nurse who is a graduate continental and local of the University of dishes. Sunderland and the A m o n g n o t a b l e businessman from Lagos dignitaries at the event State University, was held w e r e H R M P r o f . at the Podium, Lekki, and Adeyemi Obalanlege, was witnessed by family High Chief Olanrewaju members and friends. Bashorun, Prince The lively marriage rites www.thebossnewspapers.com


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Events

Bride with groom's family

Princess Toyin Kolade

The

BOSS NEWSPAPER

Bride with bride's family

Pastor Femi Faseru

Ademola Eletu, Evangelist Adegboyega Akingboye, Chief & Chief (Mrs.) Olusola Oke, Erelu Yetunde Oredein, Mr. & Mrs. Kayode Bello, Princess Dolapo Fakorede, Alhaja Irorun Shonibare, Jolade Boyejo, Mrs. Yetunde Alade, Jumoke Obanikoro, Mr. Bimbo Salami, Mrs. Rashida Ashimi and Engr. Funsho Adeyanju. Couple with brides family

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Events

Bride's family

Adejoke Bashorun, Kobari, Bunmi Omabuwa with Titi Olufisoye Princess ToyinKunbi Kolade Pastor Femi Faseru

Tutu Boston, Yinka Lanitade with Foluke Adeyemi

Mr. & Mrs. Kayode Bello, Tinuke and Mrs. Yetunde Alade

The

BOSS NEWSPAPER

Bride and groom's family

Gbemisola Okeodo, Bola with Mrs. Joy Kobari

Bride with maids of honour

Prince Ademola Eletu, HRM Adeyemi Obalanlege with High Chief Olarenwaju Bashorun

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Events

The

BOSS NEWSPAPER

Jumoke Jacobs with Erelu Yetunde Oredein

Bisi James withKolade Mrs. M. O. Musa Princess Toyin

Pastor Femi Faseru

The Bride, Khadija Mowaninuola Akinkuolie

Chief & Chief Mrs. Olusola Oke

The groom, Abdulrasheed Adekunle Ashimi

Abike Abu, Bunmi Awosika, Eniola Beckley, Titi Awe with Ore Asuni

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page 40

Events

Yetunde Alade, Princess Dolapo Fakorede with Titi Olufisoye

Princess Toyin Kolade

Pastor Femi Faseru

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BOSS NEWSPAPER

Engr. Fusho Adeyanju with Barr. E. O. Adesida

Adegboyega Akingboye with a guest

Mrs. Bamgbola

Couple with cake

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page 41

Relationship

The

BOSS NEWSPAPER

Taking Break From Your Relationship; Good or Bad?

W

hen people say they want to take a break f r o m t h e i r relationship, what it means is that for a certain duration, they will pull back from their partner and from every, or most of the things they do in the relationship. For the duration of the break, contact, communication and other relationship activities are either cut off or reduced to the barest minimum. These breaks go on for at least one month and in some instances, six months or more. Why take breaks? When people seek to take breaks from a relationship, it's either because the relationship has lost its spark, become too boring or too stressful and filled with negative energy. Sometimes, it could be because a partner has reservations and concerns about how the other is behaving. It could also be because that partner just needs space. Absurdly at other times, it could be due to a need to date other people; or to consider their options; to focus on other things such as career or education. And in some cases, the person seeking a break could just be fed up of the relationship as a whole and just seeks an easy way out. That's actually not taking anything away from the genuineness of some of these reasons as some of them do look and sound like things that could justify a break – the need to focus on one's career/education falls under this category. No matter how sensible or justifiable the reasons are, however, taking a break is still not the answer. Needing to pay attention to your

education and career is not enough reason to quit a relationship you have been building for a while. Yo u c a n m a k e anything work alongside a healthy, loving relationship work if you sit down with your partner and make them understand how your schedule has changed and how much of yourself you've decided to give to the business, career or education. I mean, didn't Barack Obama rule America for eight years and managed to remain happy with Michelle despite the incessant travels, stress and crazy demands of the job? If you have to put a relationship on hold to make other things work, it means maybe your partner isn't as understanding and supportive as you personally need and they are unwilling to compromise. It could also mean that communication in your relationship is not strong or effective enough. Communicating through it all Seeing a break as a solution to whatever is ailing your relationship is a wrong move when you actually can talk it through. Instead of asking your partner for a break because the relationship has lost its spark, or because of other reasons listed above, how about communicating with him or her? If you do this extensively, honestly, sincerely, with an open

mind and a willingness to actually do what is needed to make things work, there should be no need to go on that break. There's a reason why the spark is lost from that relationship in the first instance and you don't have to stay away for a while to understand what that thing is. It's a lot more difficult to mend and fix emotional bridges from a distance. You and your partner would need to converse earnestly, fight together for yourselves and put in concerted efforts into reaching or returning to a good place in the relationship. If at all you must take time to think things through in a relationship, a few days maybe two or three - is enough to do that. When you are done with the soul searching, reach out and communicate your worries, fears, needs and others concerns to your partner. That's what relationships are about, right? Wading through stormy seas and riding difficult waves together. You just can't jump ship like that. You should either be all in or all out. There's no middle ground.

An alternative to breaks If communication does not work and the relationship keeps deteriorating despite all attempts to talk through the issues in it, it might be time to call it quits for good. Many breaks are meant to be temporary but usually end up being a permanent ending because somewhere along the line, during the emotional and communication blackout, partners find a way to live without each other. Sometimes, one of them meets another person who fills in the void created in those weeks/months of emptiness. It's only logical that if you don't call, speak to, go on a date or kiss your boo; if you are not there for them emotionally for such long periods, the likelihood is that someone else will, right? Some may say taking a break helps partners realise they can't do without each other and bring them back closer than ever, but hey, why tempt fate in the first instance? If you have something beautiful and you never want to lose it, hold it close and never let it go. Not temporarily. And surely not permanently.

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Fashion

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Wide Legged Pants: The Shape Shooter By: Ajibade Morakinyo

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i d e legged p a n t s were one of the trends we saw in 2019 and they seem to be part of the trends that are spilling into 2020 as several fashionistas have been throwing its shades into the internet space. These pants are supremely flattering and work-appropriate, so you can rock them to any event. Wide leg pants are great for shortlegged women, as flared pants are v e r y l e g lengthening when they fit well at the top. It can wear a wideleg pant to your work place for a c o o p e r a t e Monday look. Rocking a suit with it makes the look more stylish. I t c a n b e intimidating. To bring out your shape in a lovely way that waos many lookers. Here are some looks‌

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Fashion

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page 44

Sermon

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BOSS NEWSPAPER

The Concept of Ummah in a Religiously Pluralistic Society By Babatunde Jose

T

here is no doubt we live in perilous times. For all intents and purposes, it could be the worst of times; a period of religious intolerance and wanton exploitation of the name of God to score cheap political points and a tendency to desecrate the hallowed name of God, His prophets, religions and their adherents. In this political melee there are fears that if care is not taken, we might end up in a tragic state of religious fracas. We can see it coming; hence the wise elders have started calling for a need to examine the concepts that govern the operations of the major religions with a view to explore if there are rooms for mutual accommodation, or what we politically term tolerance. The first question asked by the elders is thrown at the adherents of the Islamic faith and it borders on the concept of Ummah or the Islamic community. It also asks about the workability or otherwise of the Ummah in a religiously pluralistic society or nation-state. It is therefore proper for us to start with a definition of the conceptual foci of our discourse. Ummah is an Arabic word meaning "community". It is distinguished from Shaʻb which means a nation with common ancestry or geography. … It is a synonym for Ummat al-Islam, 'the Islamic community', and it is commonly used to mean the collective community of Islamic people. Thus, it can be said to be a supra-national community with a common history. In the Quran the Ummah typically refers to a single group

that shares common religious beliefs, specifically those that are the objects of a divine plan of salvation. In the context of panIslamism and politics, the word Ummah can be used to mean the concept of a Commonwealth of the Believers The faith of Islam helped various Muslim peoples in their struggle to gain political freedom in the mid-20th century, and the unity of Islam contributed to later political solidarity. But that was then and it is inconceivable that it would suffice in a modern nation state with a plurality of belief holders. Though at inception of the Islamic state, pluralism was addressed and tolerated, particularly with the promulgation of the Constitution of Medina. Religious pluralism is an attitude or policy regarding the diversity of religious belief systems co-existing in society: A term for the condition of harmonious co-existence between adherents of different religions or religious denominations.

The Constitution of Medina (also called the Umma Document) is a political agreement between Muhammad, the early Muslims, the Jews of the city and other pagan tribes around 622 BC, its purpose was to end the city's tribal warfare and "unify its warring factions". The history of religious tolerance and pluralism can be traced many centuries back; in some countries of the world, many religions were practiced without confronting each other. However, the struggle for religious toleration was started in the 16th century. Next is the question of the most important belief in Islam; the oneness of God or Tawheed. The heart of faith for all Muslims is obedience to Allah's will. Tawhid meaning "oneness [of God]" also Romanized as Tawheed is the indivisible oneness concept of monotheism in Islam. Tawhid is the religion's central and singlemost important concept, upon which a Muslim's entire faith

rests. It derives its distinctive name from its teaching on the Godhead, which is popularly referred to as the "Oneness doctrine," a form of Modalistic Monarchianism. This doctrine states that there is one God, a singular divine Spirit, who manifests himself in many ways, including as Father, Son, and Holy Ghost; as espoused by Christians. The point of departure between Islam and Christianity is therefore the concept of Tawhid and its incompatibility with the doctrine of Trinity and its supposition of the 'Sonship' of Jesus. Within Islam, however, such a concept of plurality within God is a denial of monotheism and foreign to the revelation found in Muslim scripture. Shirk the act of ascribing partners to God – whether they be sons, daughters, or other partners – is considered to be a form of unbelief in Islam. Possible Quranic references to the doctrine of "Trinity" are verses 4:171, 5:73, and 5:116. Tawhid therefore, is the

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Sermon religion's central and singlemost important concept, upon which a Muslim's entire faith rests. It constitutes the foremost article of the Muslim profession of faith. The first part of the Shahada (the Islamic declaration of faith) is the declaration of belief in the oneness of God. In recent years, there has been a sharp rise in religious extremism and radicalization. The space for religious pluralism and tolerance seems deteriorating. A major reason is the mounting phobia for other's faiths across the religious divide. Pluralism and tolerance are strongly related concepts. The intertwine relation between the two terms requires understanding of both for implementation and factual practices. According to theological account, the term indicates agreement, union, and compatibility across different beliefs and religious tradition. The sociological reference of religious pluralism is more of descriptive in nature. Consequently, in sociology, religious pluralism refers to the multiplicity of various religious traditions within similar cultural area. It also accounts for the pattern of peaceful co-existence among various religious actors, individuals, societies and the state around culture, social, economic and political agendas. Religious philosophers assert that various known world religious beliefs and practices are inherently equal in creating alternative access to get into Ultimate Reality. To put in other words no religion is superior or inferior to other; all religions are basically equal in so long as they all are good ways to realize the authentic truth. Thus, no particular religion has right to

claim that it is an exclusive path to the truth. Understanding religious pluralism in such way enables us to treat other religion with intimacy and open mindedness than distancing and leveling them under bad moral condition. Religious pluralism is therefore, the intrinsic condition of the society. In normative religious pluralism, the diverse beliefs and practices are held to be positive force in social life giving moral and spiritual depth to civic discourse enriching personal and family life, and even making the diverse religious communities themselves b e t t e r representation of their faith. G e n e r a l l y, pluralism can b e m a d e possible t h r o u g h examining the c o m m o n phrase that "we agree to disagree". That is to say in pluralistic society though we do not believe in the doctrine and practices of other religion; we have to agree to reckon with other's religion; is inherently equal to ours at least in philosophical level. In the words of Alxinger, "we all are seekers – since no person or institution possess absolute truth, tolerance means openmindedness, willingness to learn the truth from other". S i m i l a r l y, i n d i v e r s i f i e d societies where multiplicity of beliefs and religious traditions occur, tolerance can be seen as a p r e c o n d i t i o n f o r

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accommodation of such human character. The factual practice of tolerance can be archived by creating free space for other beliefs, accepting and appreciating their philosophy, distancing oneself from persecuting others and implementing their religion. The world presents a cabinet of diverse faiths –Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Islam, Christianity, with all their sects and schisms, to say nothing of polytheistic cults. Confrontations with such

and women must divest themselves of egotism. What the Greeks called kenosis (the 'emptying' of self) is a central scriptural theme. Furthermore, the scriptures all insist that the best way of achieving this transcendence of self is to cultivate habits of empathy and compassion. We hear a great deal today about the violence and hatred that scripture supposedly inspires. But, in different ways, the scriptures concur that you cannot confine your benevolence to your own

radical heterogeneity fostered the deistic conviction that there are many ways to God, discoverable through nature, each acceptable to the Supreme Being, and hence deserving of tolerance. We cannot examine every single one of the world's scriptures; some scriptural canons are so huge that even the faithful do not attempt to read all the texts that they contain. But these scriptures prescribe different ways of living in harmony with the transcendent, but on one thing they all agree: To live in genuine relation with the unknowable 'ultimate', men

people but must honor the stranger and even the enemy. It is hard to imagine an ethic that is more urgently needed in our perilously divided world. Generally, tolerance is an essential element of moral virtue. It is inherently related to the intrinsic value of human being. From the point of religiosity, it is a requirement for peaceful and harmonious co-existence where there are diverse religious practices. May the God of all Creation bring peace unto this nation; Amen. Barka Juma'at and a happy weekend

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Sports

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Xavi: Why I Refused To Become Barcelona’s Manager

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arcelona legend Xavi Hernandez has revealed the reason he turned down the chance to become the Catalan club’s new manager. Xavi was reported to have been offered Barcelona’s managerial position after he was visited by former teammate Technical Director Eric Abidal and General Manager Oscar Grau in Qatar. However, the position eventually went to Quique Setién following the sacking of Ernesto Valverde. And responding to questions if truly he was approached by the LaLiga champions, Xavi said: “Yes, I received an offer to become a Barcelona coach. “Technical director Eric Abidal and general manager Òscar Grau came to visit here in Doha to talk to me. “It was an enormous honor to be asked and it is my dream to

be the Barcelona coach in the hope he achieves great future, but I have not accepted results with the team.” this offer. Especially since it comes too early in my trainer career, “said Xavi, who “I immediately informed my players about the Barcelona offer and my focus was slightly less for three days, On the appointment of Setién, Xavi who started his coaching career on May 28, 2019 at Al Sadd, wished the former Real Betis coach success. “I love his way of working and I

Man U Will Not Suffer EPL Title Drought Like Liverpool - Solskjaer

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le Gunnar Solskjaer insists that Manchester United will not go 30 years like Liverpool before they will win the Premier League title again. Liverpool are about to land their first league title since 1990 as they top the log on 61 points, 14 points ahead of second placed Manchester City, with a game in-hand. For United, they are about to go seven years without a league title and there are

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fears that they could endure a similar drought to Liverpool. But Solskjaer has played down such thoughts but stated they have to learn f r o m L i v e r p o o l ’s experience. “ T h a t ’s w h a t w e ’ r e working hard to make sure doesn’t happen and let that be a lesson for us,” Solskjaer said ahead of this weekend’s trip to Anfield. “They’ve been close a few

times and we can’t let ourselves go another 24 years without winning the league – I’m sure we won’t. Will take a little bit of time but we’ll get there.” Solskjaer believes United need a performance like their famous Champions League win over Paris Saint-Germain last season or last month’s victory over Manchester City to inflict Liverpool’s first league defeat of the season.

Rodgers: Ndidi ‘Has Made Great Progress‘ After Surgery

eicester City manager Brendan Rodgers has revealed that Wilfred Ndidi is making good progress in his recovery process after undergoing a minor surgery two weeks ago due to a knee injury. Ndidi, 23, the injury in training ahead of Leicester City’s Carabao Cup semi-final first leg tie against Aston Villa at the King Power Stadium. The Nigerian midifler has missed the Foxes last two games in all competitions as a result of the setback. “Ndidi has made great progress. He’s out on the pitch, working. Apart from that, the squad is good,” Rodgers told reporters on Friday ahead of Sunday’s Premier League clash against Burnley at the Turf Moor. The Nigeria international has made 20 league appearances for the Leicester City this and scored two

goal Leicester City sit in third position in the Premier League table with 45 points from from 22 games.

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Editorial

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'Make Leadership Attractive to Youths with Rate Your Leader App'

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ollowing the meeting between President Muhammadu Buhari and selected members of Nigerian Youths from the All Progressives Congress (APC) where he told the teeming youths to be prepared for leadership, Techpreneur and Founder Digital Democracy Project and Rate Your Leader app, Mr. Joel Popoola, has advised the President to lure and prepare youths towards leadership with the democracy app, Rate Your Leader. Popoola was speaking in reaction of the President's demonstrated sincere desire to see that a younger generation takes over the leadership of the nation as he prepares to wind down his administration. "It is a good thing that the President is desirous of relinquishing power to a prepared generation of youth for leadership, however, these youths must understand the seriousness of leadership before they could undertake the task. "The President should therefore, as a matter of urgency make leadership attractive to these youths by allowing the use of Rate Your Leader app which allows elected and elector interaction devoid of abusive languages," he said. Popoola noted that most youths are intimidated by the larger than life status of their elected representatives, and see them as demigods who cannot be reached or spoken to. But with the app, the communication gap between the politicians and their constituents is bridge, and each could feel the heartbeat of the other. He therefore, urged the President to leave a legacy of enduring participatory democracy where all eligible registered voters have direct unhindered access to the representatives. "By so doing leadership will automatically become attractive to the youths, and they will prepare to serve without persuasion". Buhari had at the meeting acknowledged the contributions of youths to the development of the country, saying they would certainly take control of the reins of power one day, and asked them to brace for the leadership role ahead of them. "Whether we like it or not, we will someday hand over to Nigerian youths. And you have to brace yourself for leadership," he said. He stated that to prepare themselves to lead a country like Nigeria, the youths must keep a broader view of the country by preaching religious

and ethnic unity. He noted that having learnt a bitter lesson from the 1967-1970 Nigerian Civil War, people preparing for leadership roles must not allow anyone to deceive them by promoting disunity among Nigerians. Buhari said, "Some interest groups will come up with ethnic, religious issues, but you have to look at the broader picture. "We had a civil war that killed over two million Nigerians, and we learnt our lessons. Nigeria is one country, and no one should take our firmness for granted." He also recalled how he joined politics, saying he took the decision after coming of out jail, post the 1985 military coup. Buhari added that his background was checked and it was discovered that he committed no crime while serving as petroleum minister, military governor and head of state. "After I was released and nothing was found on me I took an interest in politics. This is what pushed me into partisan politics; to serve with integrity, the President said, according to a State House statement by his media aide, Mr Femi Adesina. Rate Your Leader App has solved the problem of accountability among political office among holders. And will open channels of interactions between the elected public office holders and the electorates thereby mitigating challenges associated with lack of communication between a particular representative and his/her constituents, fake news and fabrications or half truths, which are known to be the bane of democracy. With constant interactions between the elected officials and people of their constituencies, needs are therefore prioritised and even development across borders ensured. The Rate Your Leader app is already in operation in England where it has achieved a level of success, and is due to be launched in Nigeria in a few weeks time.

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EDITORIAL TEAM PUBLISHER/EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Dele Momodu momodudele@yahoo.co.uk ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER Mobolaji Momodu EDITOR Michael Effiong mikeffiong2009@yahoo.com mikeffiong@ovationinternational.com ASST. EDITOR Eric Elezuo PHOTO EDITOR Adekoya Adegbite PRODUCTION MANAGER/ART DIRECTOR Isaac Edoh-Philip GRAPHICS DESIGNER Ajibade Morakinyo PHOTO JOURNALISTS Colin Ramsay...Ade James (USA)...Dayo Adedayo Isaac Adegbite...Dragan Mikki (UK)...Bodise Wilson Soji Adekunle...Vera Odjugo...Tope Brown Segun Lawal...Ken Ehimen Guy L’Avenir (Benin Republic)...Ben Dzakah (Ghana) WEB DESIGNER/MANAGER Kwaku Yeboah Darteh MARKETING/ADVERTS Zed Dominic Okolue (Benin Republic) US CORRESPONDENTS Samantha Ofole Prince...Shola Orolugbagbe CONTRIBUTORS Jimi Akinniyi...Sanya Ojikutu...Isatou N’jie Dayo Olomu...Makeba Boateng LAGOS OFFICE Babatunde Martins - Head Admin Aderemi Abiola - Admin. Officer UK OPERATIONS 7, Du Maurier House, Lawn Road, London Nw3 2XE Tel: +447951026178, +447956967160 UK DISTRIBUTION/WORLDWIDE SUBSCRIPTION Jay Magazine & Newspaper Distribution, UK +44(20) 76358888, +447976628251 UK AND EUROPE DISTRIBUTION Quality Magazine Distribution Global Distribution MANAGING EDITOR BENIN REPUBLIC BUREAU Jeanne-Frances Maduakor Centre Commercial Xanadu-Ancien Pont, Wlacodiji Contonou Tel: +229 97221918, +229 98155422 CONTRIBUTING EDITOR Ike Okonta...Sunmi Smart-Cole...Okagbue Aduba Osasu Obayiuwana...Dupe Ashama Isha Tejan-Cole (West Africa)...Richie Dayo Johnson GHANA OPERATIONS 17, Asafoatse Afua Street, West Airport. Tel: +233244843099, +233244839737 LAGOS 2, Gabriel Akinmade Taylor Estate, Opebi-Allen Roundabout, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria Tel: +(234)8055069220, (0)8023002090, (4)4543030 TOGO BUREAU King Nee +2289160855 Chinyere Ndukwe +22890039631 DIRECTORS Segun Fatoye, Mobolaji Momodu, Damola Aderemi, Dele Momodu (CEO)

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