Italy is located in southern Europe. It sticks out in the Mediterranean sea like a boot. It's a democratic republic governed by a President and a Prime Minister, Italy covers an area of 301,338km2 and has a largely temperate Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants it is the forth most populous EU member state
The official language is Italian and in some small areas German, Slovenian or French. There are a lot of different dialects spoken in Italy. They vary between regions and, in some cases, also between provinces.
Northern Italy is separated from France, Switzerland and Austria by The Alps, a chain of mountains. Monte Bianco, in English White Mountain is the highest mountain in western Europe, it belongs to this chain. The second important chain of mountains in Italy is The Apenines, Appennini in Italian, which are in central and southern Italy
The Po River is the longest river in Italy. It flows through some cities like: Milano Torino, Piacenza, Cremona and Rovigo.
Northern Italy has some of the biggest lakes in the country: Lake Garda, Lake Como, Lake Maggiore and Lake Iseo.
Two very small indipendent countries are located in Italy:
Republic of San Marino
surrounded by part of northern Italy
S.P.Q.R The capital of Italy is Rome, famous for The Colosseum, built in 70-80 AD. It is considered one of the greatest works of architecture and engineering of ancient time.
There are also other important cities like Milano, Venezia, Firenze and Napoli that, for their cultural, historical and artistic heritage bring tourists from all over the world .
Some of the most important writers and poets are: Dante Alighieri, Ugo Foscolo, Alessandro Manzoni, Giacomo Leopardi, Gabriele Dâ€™Annunzio and Pirandello.
Some of the most important painters and sculptors are Raffaello, Michelangelo Leonardo, Caravaggio, Modigliani and Guttuso.
Italy is home to more World Heritage Sites than any other nation in the world. These sites are culturally important and valued according to UNESCO. About 60% of the works of art of the world are in Italy.
Sicily with its treasures of historical, cultural and natural importance, boasts 7 sites listed in the Worl Heritage List. Archeological Area of Agrigento
Villa Romana del casale
Etna Volcano Late Baroque towns of the Val di Noto Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica
Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral of CefalĂš and Monreale
Sicily is surrounded by three different seas: the Tyrrhenian Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and the Ionian Sea, so it was a strategic point of interest for many civilisations in both Europe and Northern Africa.
The TRINACRIA is the symbol of Sicily and stands in the Sicilian flag
BUT WHERE DOES THIS SYMBOL COME FROM?
â€˘ Trinacria was an ancient oriental religious symbol that represented the Sun God in his triple form of spring, summer and winter. â€˘ In Greek mythology Trinacria was represented by a female head with three legs. The head clearly refers to The Gorgons, monsters with golden wings, claws and snakes instead of hair. Thanks to the Greeks who marked their coins with trinacria, the symbol spread throrought Sicily.
With the Romans the Trinacria loses its mystic meaning and becomes the geographic symbol of Sicily. In fact the three legs refer to the triangle shape of the island. At that time in Palermo the gorgone with three legs appears on the coins. Now, for Sicilian people, the Trinacria is a lucky charm talisman just like red horns.
SICILIAN CARTS The carts were introduced to the island by the ancient Greeks. Originally used to transport goods, now they only appear in museum or in particular folkoristc events. The Sicilian Cart is made in several provinces in Sicily each with their own style The craft of making the carts is handed down from generation to generation.
Carts are completely covered in carvings and brightly geometrical designs and painted scenes of Sicilian folklore and history. In fact, in the past these scenes were a good means of historical information for those who were illiterate. The main colors are the same ones of the Sicilian flag: yellow and red, with details in bright blue and green. The animals pulling the carts are often adorned as well.
Sicily, land of sea, history, traditions and even music. The Sicilian folk instruments represent an essential component in the performance of popular music as well as a historical, magical-ritual and socio-cultural value. Among the most played Sicilian instruments we find the marranzano, the tamburello, the friscalettu and the quartara.
• The marranzano is an ancient musical instrument, made of a metal support in the shape of a horseshoe to which a steel sheet is fixed. The instrument was formerly used as a signal between the shepherds and in the mafia. • The tambourine, also called tammureddu, is a percussion instrument that was used in magical and ritual rites in some areas of Sicily. • The friscalettu or cane flute is a wind instrument of Greek origin built in Mediterranean cane; in the post-war period it was used in the many Sicilian folkloristic bands. • The quartara is a terracotta container, with peasant origins, which is used as a musical instrument in popular festivals: blowing in the vase emits a dark sound.
Archeological museum of Lentini Lentini Regional Archeological Museum is a museum dedicated to Leontinoi findings.The museum illustrates the archaeological history of Lentini and its territory from prehistory to the Middle Ages, through the display of materials from the ancient city and the main archaeological sites of the area.
Today Lentini provides many cultural attractions such as the Mother Church of Santa Maria la Cava and Santâ€™Alfioâ€™s, rebuilt in 1693 in the typical Baroque style, after catastrophic earthquake. It is full of paintings and works of art.
You can also visit… •The Old Castle Ruins. They are the ruins of an old medieval castle, very important for the people from Lentini. “Castellaccio” is the name used by people living in Lentini to refer to the Federician Castle or Castrum Vetus. It was built by Emperor Frederick II of Swabia under the supervision of the architect Riccardo da Lentini. There is a big room under the castle ruins but we don’t know if it was a prison, an armery or a little church.
The Convent of Friars Minor Capuchin , an old convent recently restructured. In it there is the story of friars life with their secrets and daily routine, like the window used by friars to hear mass, the “putridaria” chairs, the common rooms, the cells, the refectory with its “smoky” paintings, the kitchen and the well which gathered rainwaters
Famous People from Lentini
IACOPO DA LENTINI
Lentini City of Oranges
In Italy there are different types of upper school: Liceo scientifico, where the most important subjects are Math and Science. Liceo classico a kind of humanistic school where you can study Old Greek and Latin, too Liceo linguistico focusing on the study of Foreign Languages. Liceo artistico based on arts, designs, sculpture. There are also Technical and Professional Institute. Alberghiero dedicated to hotel and restaurant services Agrario where you can study to become agricultural expert Tecnico Industriale where the most important subjects are Chemistry and Mechanics. Tecnico Commerciale to study Economics Tecnico Geometra to become a quantity surveyor
The 4 th Istituto Comprensivo “Guglielmo Marconi” is in our town, Lentini, the city of oranges, and it is our school. It’s a comprehensive school that includes different grades : • • •
Nursery school for children from 3 to 5 Primary school for children from 6 to 11 Lower secondary school for students from 11 to 14
Lower secondary school is ours and we call it Middle school. We have a short week, in fact we have 6 classes a day from Monday to Friday and so we are free on Saturday.
OUR TIME SCHEDULE 1st hour from 8:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. 2nd hour from 9:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. 3rd hour from 10:00 a.m. to 10:55 a.m.
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e have a Between 10:55 a.m. and 11:15 a.m. we r B other students. It is a moment of leisure.
to speak and meet with the
4th hour 11:15 a.m. to 12:10 a.m. 5th hour 12:10 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. 6th hour 1:00 p.m. to 2:00 p.m. Each hour we have a different subject: Italian, English, French or Spanish, Education Physical, Science, Art, Math, Religion, Music, Geography, History, Grammar and Technology. Each teacher has his own classroom and we move for each course.
School projects Week of citizenship and legality
Our school is engaged in many activities promoting global citizenship and forming responsible and aware citizens. The expected activities are: -Theater -Cineforum -Sport games
Problem Solving Olympic Games promoted by MIUR:
-Helping the development and diffusion of the competition thought. -promoting the diffusion of the computer technology culture as an instrument of education. -Enhancement of the excellences.
It is a project of reading for the three school degrees, meeting the writers of the books that students read.
to communicate, collaborate, develop and share projects in EU
9th May Europe Day
Annual project celebrating the Another series of education European Day with activities of initiatives concerns the promotion of European citizenship now in its fourth a correct way of life with particular edition attention to food.
Mediterranean Math Games
It is a project that wants to develop a positive approach to Math , doing competitions among students of many schools.
And finally last but not the least our
Erasmus KA2 project â€?The Aura of My Cityâ€?
Thank you for the attention Teacher Virginia Puglisi Students: Alessandro Alcamo Ferrante Valentina Lavenia Daniano Vacanti Maria Chiara The Aura of My City 4nd Mobility SOFIA