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Ciavarella Guilty

Oscar Preview

Former Luzerne County judge found guilty in ‘Cash for Kids’ scandal. (5)

Man injured in accident at Mulberry site By Timothy McCormick News Editor A worker from the Sordoni Construction site was injured Wednesday Feb 24 at 9:30 a.m. when a piece of equipment fell six stories. On the Monroe Ave. side of the construction site, a piece of a forklift, which was fully extended to the sixth floor of the building project, broke from the lift and fell to the ground, where it bounced and struck the worker, who was knocked to the ground, according to The University Police Department. Alert and conscious, the worker was transported to Community Medical Center by Lackawanna Ambulance. The worker suffered injuries to his legs, according to The University Police. However, they were unable to give the extent of his injuries at press time.

Women’s Center features student in advocacy series By Bridget saroff Staff Reporter If you heard that tens of thousands of children were being taken from their families and forced to become soldiers, what would you do? Would you tell a friend about what you had heard? Maybe you would sign a petition or join a Facebook group. Or maybe you would raise $50,000 and move across the country to work for an organization that could really make a difference. Anna Schuck did just that. The junior Sociology and Women’s Studies major spoke at the Jane Kopas Women’s Center’s first installment of its lunch series, called “So You Want to Be an Advocate, Now What?,” dedicated to empowering student and community advocates. Schuck shared her story and offered valuable advice on how to be an effective advocate. Just fifteen when she heard about Joseph Kony, a rebel leader in Uganda who has abducted an estimated 66,000 children and displaced over two million people since its rebellion began in 1986, Schuck knew she had to do something.

See “SCHUCK,” Page 3 Weekly Digest.......2 News......................3-4


The late pope is on his way to sainthood, with beatification only months away. (13)

The Student Voice of The University of Scranton

Volume 83, Issue 14


John Paul II

Jeremy Evans, Arts & Life writer, predicts Academy Award winners. (8)

February 24, 2011

Three professors threatened By Bridget saroff Staff Reporter A former University student is the center of an ongoing criminal investigation accused of sending “threatening and sometimes disturbing” e-mails to members of The University community. Paul J. Pavalone, who withdrew from The University in October 2006, is accused of sending inappropriate e-mails to two current faculty members and one former faculty member over the past few years. University Police is investigating the incidents in conjunction with local law enforcement and the District Attorney’s Of-


PAUL PAVALONE, a former student of The University, is wanted after threats made against University professors.

fice. No additional information about the nature of the correspondence has been released.

Pavalone has two active warrants out for his arrest; one issued in regard to this case and another for failure to appear at child-support related hearings. He is currently on Lackawanna County’s “Most Wanted” list for domestic relations offenders. According to a letter sent to all staff, faculty and administrators, Pavalone is not dangerous and does not pose an immediate threat to any member of The University community. He was last known to be in the Carbondale area. When contacted, University Police and the District Attorney’s Office chose not to comment on the ongoing investigation, but urged anyone with additional information to call University Police at 941-7888.

COLTS gets students off campus By Brian riordan For The Aquinas As spring quickly approaches and the weather becomes milder, many students will be searching for various activities to do off campus. Up until this point, freshmen and sophomores living on campus had to seek out commuters or upperclassmen with cars if they ever wanted to take a trip to experience life off campus in the Scranton area. This will all change Monday, Feb. 28 with the transition from the SmartRide to the new COLTS bus. This new service, which will be free to students, faculty and staff of The University of Scranton and Marywood, will offer more opportunities to students to be able to explore the city of Scranton as well as some outside areas. There will be two routes that will be available to members of our campus: The Marywood 53 Route will run during the day from Monday through Friday between the hours of 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. and will make its first pickup at the corner of Quincy and Mulberry at 7:30 a.m. and its last at 5:30 p.m. This service will make stops between Scranton and Marywood and will make the two campuses more accessible. The night bus is called The Evening City Circle North and it runs from Monday through Friday between the hours of 8 p.m. and 1 a.m. It will make pickups and drop-offs at The DeNaples Center six minutes after every hour, with its first stop on campus at 8:06 p.m. and its last at 12:06 a.m. This evening bus will offer a plethora of locations to members of campus. Some of these locations include local hospitals, shopping centers that include grocery and pharmaceutical stores, restaurants, The Viewmont Mall and The Mall at Steamtown. Other locations include Wal-Mart,

Target and the IMAX theatre in Dickson City. The project was a major endeavor taken on by members of the administration, COLTS and Scranton students. On the student side, junior Student Government senator, Brian Riordan headed the student committee composed of freshmen senators, Carlyn Ball, Michelle D’Souza, Kyle

Gleaves and Ciro Saverino and sophomore senator Emily Diaz. The team worked to give student feedback to The University’s Director of Purchasing, Gary Zampano, and COLTS’s Communications Manager, Gretchen Wintermantel. The entire committee, along with the student body, is filled with much enthusiasm as Monday approaches.

Forum...................5-7 Business...........10-11 Arts & Life........8-9 Sci & Tech.............12

Faith........................13 Sports..............15-16 Ads & Comics...14


Courtesy of stanley zygmunt

IN PLACE of SmartRide, COLTS will be providing a connecting route between The University and Marywood University.

courtesy of Stanley zygmunt

A BUS similar to the one pictured above will be providing rides to students to various places in the Greater Scranton area, including The Viewmont Mall and Wal-Mart.

Tonight: Rainy. Low of 35.

New drug in Scranton By Danielle Del Prete Staff Reporter The label “not for human consumption” has not stopped users from getting high off the legal synthetic drug known as bath salts. These are not the bath salts that one can find in Bath & Body Works. These bath salts are available over the counter in many smoke shops in Scranton for about $30. Small packages contain the bath salts, which look like white powder and go by names such as White Lady and TranQuility. Tranquility is the last thing users will get from bath salts. U.S. poison control centers received 214 calls in January regarding bath salts, according to a fact sheet available from the Pennsylvania Department of Health. The bath salts contain the research chemical methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV). According to the Department of Health, bath salts can be snorted, injected, smoked or eaten. Once ingested, bath salts cause hallucinations, paranoia, rapid heart rates and suicidal thoughts. Health professionals say bath salts are dangerous to the human body. Dr. David Withers, associate medical director at Marworth in Clarks Summit, said most users of bath salts also use other substances. Withers said bath salts are a more severe gateway drug compared to other drugs such as marijuana. “LSD is not safe, but it seems to be a cleaner drug than bath salt,” Withers said. “It makes you feel good all the while destroying your capacity to feel good.” Bath salts are sold over the counter in the city of Scranton, but city and state lawmakers are working to change that. Scranton Mayor Christopher Doherty said a law is being drafted with the district attorney’s office to ban bath salts in the city. He said the drug is a cause for concern because it is undetectable in users. “One of the biggest problems I see is the fact that it cannot be traced in a drug test,” Doherty said. “Even though a driver is impaired, the drug test will remain negative.” Rep. Ken Smith, D-112, Dunmore, said legislation was introduced to make the drug illegal in the state, but it may take a year or more before it is passed into law. Smith and other state lawmakers will continue to push for a ban on the drug. “There are a host of challenges these drugs put on our society today,” Smith said. “It is a battle we will continue to fight and not give up.” Want to write for The Aquinas? Contact

“Freedom consists not in doing what we like, but in having the right to do what we ought.” ~Pope John Paul II



THE Aquinas



Administrative Staff Editor-in-Chief...................................................Conor Foley

Managing Editor.......................................Kathleen Hudson

Advertising Manager...................................Michael George





36/20 Rain / Snow

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38/35 Few Snow Showers

48/33 Rain

Forecast from



Archive Manager.........................................James Troutman Faculty Adviser....................................................Scott Walsh

Editorial Staff

$25.5 million

“Gnomeo and Juliet”

News Editor................................................Tim McCormick

$ 25.4 million

Business Editor...............................................Michael Dwier

Forum Editor..............................................Rosemary Shaver

“I Am Number Four”

$25.3 million

Arts & Life Editor...................................................Joe Wolfe

Faith Editors........Andrew Milewski and Amanda Murphy

“Just Go With It”,

$21.8 million

Sports Editors.............................Joe Baress and John Lund

Photography Editor...................................Jessica Rothchild

Science & Tech Editor...........................Catherine Erbicella

“Big Mommas: Like Father, Like Son” $18.7 million

Chief Copy Editor....................................Rose Marie Wong

Figures courtesy of Photos courtesy of MCT Campus and

The Aquinas Archives: This week in 1991 Feb. 17 - Feb. 21 Provided by The University Police Office Offense: Underage Drinking Counts: 11 Date: Feb. 17, Feb. 18, Feb. 18, Feb. 19. Location: Redington Hall, Hafey Hall and McCourt Hall, Vine Street. Offense: Disorderly Conduct Counts: 1 Date: Feb. 18 Location: Hafey Hall Offense: Public Drunkeness Counts: 1 Date: Feb. 19 Location: Vine Street Offense: Simple Assault Counts: 1 Date: Feb. 21 Location: Vine Street and Quincy Ave.

Cafeteria crowds will grow with new dorms By James McArdle The Aquinas 1991 Have you had to change your meal pattern lately due to an overcrowded cafeteria? Have you changed from your normal 6 p.m. eating time to 4:15 to receive quick service? The problem is not ARA service, but simply too small a cafeteria. In the board of trustees meeting summary there were two statements, “anticipated expansion of direly needed student dining facilities…,” and “…sufficient allocation of space will be afforded to provide more adequate dining facilities.” The problem of overcrowding began when Gavigan Hall opened up in the fall of 1989. The pressure of these 210 new resident students was partially alleviated by the expansion of the third floor and a change to the food court. Next year three new

freshman dorms, (McCormick, Gannon, and Lavis Halls), will open. The new dorms will add another 210 new students to the mean plan. The University cafeteria had 649 seats. However, there are 2,090 students on meal plans, said Ted Zayac, assistant food service director. The problems with seating and lines are not the only complications. The food preparation and delivery areas are February also cramped. “The space behind the counter is also a problem,” said James Bryan, vice president of student affairs. “There is simply not enough space for ovens and stoves to cook the food. The preparation is then rushed and lowers quality.” “The space has a larger effect

on preparation then anyone realizes,” Zayak said. “This could affect the workers’ safety, the food and the quality.” The kitchen has inadequate storage space for the daily deliveries. The delivery problem will only get worse as the new library is completed/ “The library and the cafete4ria will now share the same alley for deliveries, placing more of a burdern on ARA,” Bry28, 1991 an said. The expansion of the cafeteria is in the planning stages with a number of ideas. The basic idea is to increase seating to 1,000 and develop larger preparation and storage areas. The sxpansion of the Student Center out into the back parking lot would be one way of solving

the space problem. Another idea is to expand the third floor seating over the roof of the Eagan auditorium. “This would require re-enforcing of the roof of Eagan, which had already been quoted at half a million dollars,” Bryan said. “The input of a number of groups had been affecting our decision on the expansion and I wonder what the student input is,” Bryan said. The size of the Student Center itself is the root of the space problem the cafeteria faces. “It’s like trying to put five pounds of sand in a sack made for four pounds,” Bryan said. The crowd problem will be getting worse next year for students with the opening of the three new freshman dorms. While the administration’s plans are noteworthy, the fact remains that next 210 more students will be eating in the cafeteria.

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People Profile: Creators of UofS Yardsale By timothy McCormick News Editor Though underclassmen may not yet understand the problem, seniors can warn them that it will come quicker than they expect: What do you do with all the excess “stuff” you’ve acquired during your four years at The University. Often, the things that students don’t want to bring home end up in the dumpster because they can’t find any other option. While certainly not in perfect condition, the objects discarded are still usable. Seniors Jeff Russo and Paul Wenke looked ahead to the end of their year at The University and could see this imminent problem facing them. However, for the two computer science majors, it was a problem

to which they could develop a solution. Russo, of Wayne, N.J., and Wenke, of Springfield, will both be graduating in May and moving forward with their lives, toward careers in software engineering and web application and database design. However, both said they will have things that they will leave behind after the last days of celebrating have passed. Textbooks, video games, electronics and furniture, for example, things which other students could put to good use, may end up in the trash. They made it their personal project to find a means to provide upperclassmen an opportunity to sell these things to University underclassmen, who would be able to get used products at a better deal. This way, buyer and seller benefit, and the product is not thrown in the dumpster and

Courtesy of

UOFS-YARDSALE.COM WAS created by two senior University computer science majors who will be graduating at the end of the semester.

“Schuck,” continued from page one “I didn’t understand how this was happening, how I never learned about it in school and why I never heard about it in the paper,” she said. Schuck became involved with Invisible Children, an organization dedicated to ending the war in Uganda. In just fifteen short months, Schuck and her friends had raised $50,000 for the organization through fundraisers, benefit concerts and individual donations. The money she raised built a secondary school for students in Uganda. “These kids at the school had no idea that the money came from us. They thought the money came from Ugandans, so they never looked to western aid for help… They needed to know that Ugandans could help Ugandans.” This concept served as a critical turning point for Schuck in realizing what it meant to become an effective advocate and activist. An effective activist should never impose their ideas on others, but should instead work to make it possible for the oppressed to make decisions on their own. At eighteen, Schuck left school and moved to California to work for Invisible Children. She spent months on the road at a time, educating everyone from politicians to patrons at coffeehouses about the war in Uganda. She helped to hold protest events called “Rescues” across the country. Through the work of the Invisible Children organization, The LRA Disarmament and Northern Uganda Recovery Act was passed by Congress in May and awaits a signature from

President Obama. Schuck stressed the importance of using our resources here at home to make changes abroad. “As an American, you have a voice, you have the right to protest, you have the right to change your government. How are you going to use this to implement change and help people?” Have a cause that’s important to you? Here’s some advocacy tips from Anna: You’re never too young — Schuck was 16 when she went on tour to raise money for Invisible Children. There’s no age requirement to make a difference. Help from home — While it’s always an amazing experience to do service abroad, there are plenty of ways to have influence from home. Don’t be a “poverty tourist.” Don’t force your beliefs — Just because we are privileged doesn’t mean we have all the answers. Invisible Children’s staff is 95 percent Ugandan in order to protect its people’s interests. Politicians work for you, not the other way around — Never be afraid to get in touch with your representatives. Schuck knows Joe Biden personally because she was constantly at his office. Stay positive — People are always more willing to listen to a happy, positive person. You don’t want to scare anyone away. Don’t give up — Schuck faced opposition based on her gender and age, but never lost her will to make a difference.

wasted. They wanted to form a website that would serve as a liaison between buyer and seller within The University community. This UofS Yardsale, as they named it, was conceptually developed at the end of the fall semester. Over intersession, Russo and Wenke took these ideas and created their website. They found parts from old computers and put them together. They are using this computer, which they approximate is eight years old, as a server. There was not even an operating system on the computer. They wrote the program to run well on an old computer, which made the scenario more cost-effective. “We started from scratch,” Russo said. “We literally did everything from nothing,” Wenke continued. The website launched Feb. 3. Within a week of launch, a pair of speakers and an iHome sold through the website. Currently, the site has fifteen members, and, while Russo and Wenke hope to attract more soon, they are confident that the end of the semester will bring more users. By that time, the site will already have already been revamped. “It’s always going to be updated,” Wenke said. “We’re updating the look and feel of the site constantly,” Russo added. Through friends and supporters on the UofS Yardsale Facebook page, Russo and Wenke are looking for feedback on the site to improve it. Among their future ideas, Russo and Wenke said that they hope to develop

Timothy McCormick / News editor

JEFF RUSSO, left, and Paul Wenke are the creators of a new website,, a marketplace for University students to buy and sell their products.

an easier communication method. Right now, emails from the site are recognized by University servers as spam, as the website is entirely separate from the institution. They hope to find a way to fix this problem between servers. They also want to improve their graphic design. “With the graphics right now, space is wasted to look nice,” Wenke said. Though they had to develop the website using the Firefox browser, they want to move towards making the site possible to view on other browsers, including Internet Explorer, which they call the “crap of all browsers.” One change they won’t be making, they said, is getting involved in the actual exchange of products. The site is strictly a middle man; otherwise, they

would have to get involved in legal issues which they would rather avoid. The site is currently restricted to users with a email address. This improves reliability and credibility of users because they are from The University community and can be easily contacted. However, Russo and Wenke admitted that they weren’t opposed to expanding. “We need to perfect it on a small scale. Once that’s done, we can open it up. Once one works, moving to other schools will be simple,” Russo said. Visit UofS Yardsale at or contact the site through Facebook through their Facebook page, at php?eid=131538106912475.





Diverse dishes draw students to USPB’s Cultural Food Night II By Timothy McCormick News Editor The Mission and Identity division of The University’s programming board (USPB) held Cultural Food Night, Part Deux, in the McIlhenny Ballroom on the fourth floor of the DeNaples Center Wednesday night. After a success last semester, USPB Mission and Identity decided to hold its “Part Deux” this semester and recruited chefs from across campus to bring dishes from their different cultural backgrounds. While not all dishes were what one would normally consider exotic, everything served had its own special twist. The event was again a success, with a line extending down the hall to get into the event. “Next to the food itself, waiting in line with the anticipation of getting in to try all the food was the best part,” Melissa Fasciana, a senior from Pittston, said. Chefs from across campus turned out to share their favorite dishes. Some of these dishes showed years of tradition and some combined different recipes for a cultural fusion. The chefs who made dishes received a twenty dollar gift card for re-

Timothy McCormick / News editor

STUDENTS LINE up in the McIlhenny Ballroom to experience USPB’s Cultural Food Night, Part Deux, which featured dishes made by students and local restaurants, including dishes of Spanish, Mexican, Italian, Vietnamese and Polish origin.

imbursement for the supplies for their dishes. Among the dishes featured were Welsh cookies and Italian Mango Pudding. “They had salmon lox, which I

thought was crazy. I don’t know why, but I did. They had a good variety from every culture,” Siobhan McKenna, a senior from Clarks Green, said.

Students were able to learn about and appreciate the foods celebrated in different worldwide cultures. “I got to learn the ingredi-

ents of a Spanish tortilla from my friend Julia [White, a senior from Wallingford], who studied abroad in Spain. I was in London studying while she was there, and I wanted to visit her but I didn’t get the chance. Now, I feel like I got a little piece of the experience, even though I didn’t get to visit her,” Taryn Fogarty, a senior from Staten Island, N.Y., said. Student-chef Bob Garde, a sophomore from Olyphant, created an especially interesting dish, utilizing the idea of fusion. “It’s a deconstructed Viatnamese spring roll salad, with rice noodles, wasabi dressing, julienned vegetables and a poppy seed dressing, all garnished with a slice of homemade Hungarian kielbasa.” Students in attendance reacted positively to all the dishes served. The results of a poll given to participating students revealed that the favorite dish was a “Hoagie Dip.” However, what students valued most was the experience of sampling foods from various cultures, all in one location. “I really appreciated the variety of food. I didn’t think there would be as many diverse types of food,” Stephanie Baptiste, a senior from Jefferson Station, N.Y., said.

Urban charter school beats odds with college acceptance levels By Sarah Butrymowicz McClatchy Newspapers Fire broke out in Cedric Abdul-Hakeem’s home in Chicago’s Englewood community on Dec. 31. After making sure everyone was out safely, the 17-year-old re-entered the smoke-filled home to retrieve his laptop. “My laptop had all my applications, and most college applications are due Jan. 1,” AbdulHakeem explained. “I figured if my laptop burns, I’m through.” He got his laptop. He got the applications in on time. And, so far, he’s been accepted to half a dozen colleges, including Grinnell College in Iowa, where most of his tuition will be paid through scholarships and grants. Abdul-Hakeem is yet another Urban Prep success story. For the second consecutive year, every single senior in Chicago’s only public all-male, all-African-American high school has

been accepted to a four-year college or university. In all, the 104 members of the 2011 graduating class have been accepted to 103 different colleges, including some of the country’s most selective schools. With many acceptance letters still anticipated, the charter, which has campuses in the Englewood, South Shore and East Garfield Park neighborhoods, is hoping at least one of its students this year will land an Ivy League invitation. “We would never advocate that anybody run into a burning building to get a computer or essay or application, but what [Abdul-Hakeem’s story] speaks to is how much our students are dedicated and focused on getting into college,” Urban Prep’s founder and CEO, Tim King, said. “They recognize that with college they will have very different lives that will be transformative for them and their communities.”

Urban Prep Academy for Young Men recently celebrated its repeat with a tie-exchanging ritual in which the final three seniors to receive acceptance letters exchanged their red uniform ties for red-andgold ones as the other seniors did before them. Mayor Richard Daley and Chicago Public Schools’ interim chief education officer Charles Payne were on hand. So was alum Israel Wilson, a freshman at Morehouse College in Atlanta, who said he has earned a 3.3 GPA and made the dean’s list his first semester. Skeptics last year had questioned whether grads would actually attend college and be able to succeed in higher ed programs. One of the school’s missions is to ensure students earn that bachelor’s degree, so King and his staff have helped secure money for plane tickets, driven students to college campuses, held workshops for alumni in the summer and

Courtesy of MCT Campus

TONY MOSELEY, 18, a Posse Scholar, center, is congratulated by friends James Cole, 18, left, and Cedric Hakeem, 17, as he steps to the front of the auditorium to be recognized for his accomplishments during an assembly at Urban Prep in Chicago, Ill., Feb. 16, 2011. Every senior at Urban Prep Academy in Chicago has been accepted to a four-year college.

Courtesy of MCT Campus

URBAN PREP Charter Academy is an institution in Chicago which has significantly changed the norm on college acceptance levels for urban students.

winter, and checked up on them. Of the 107 seniors in 2010 — the school’s first graduating class — 101 enrolled in college, King said. Three went into the military and another three joined the work force. By now, Urban Prep’s story has become a national wonder for its success in making college a reality for kids from tough, low-income neighborhoods where college rarely is an option. In Chicago Public Schools, the high school dropout rate for African-American males hovers at 60 percent, and only one in 40 black male grads earn a bachelor’s degree by the age of 25. Only 11 percent of Urban Prep’s seniors were reading at grade level when they entered the school four years ago, King said. Through a rigorous academic environment, including required double periods of English and longer school days, and strict uniform and code-of-conduct policies, students are kept on track. Staff also are available at all hours and weekends to drive kids home or provide extra academic help outside the class-

room. Jonathan Harvey said teachers have stayed at school till 8 p.m. and met him on weekends to help him master math. To get to school, he has had to cross gang lines in his Englewood neighborhood, and he has learned to wait until he gets to school to put on his black blazer and red (now red and gold) tie. “College wasn’t on my map,” Harvey said. “I didn’t think it was reachable.” The hard work has paid off. King said this year the average ACT score for the graduating class was 17.5 — higher than last year’s 16.1 and comparable to Chicago Public Schools’ average of 17.3. The school has taught some students to challenge themselves. When his college counselor told him to apply to 10 colleges, senior Alfonso Henderson sent out 50 applications. He’s been accepted to 21 and been offered $719,000 in scholarships. He’s still holding out, though, for his top three choices — Yale, Harvard and Wheaton College. “I want to prove the stereotypes wrong,” he said.





Editorial Board Conor Foley Kathleen Hudson Rosemary Shaver

Editor-in-Chief Managing Editor Forum Editor

Serving The University and community since 1931

Judge Ciavarella reigned with iron fist from start I remember it like yesterday: the man walked through the doors of our Auditorium, determined to set us straight on where we would Commentary be if we ran amok the county causBY Andrew ing mayhem. His Bodner words purported Staff Writer the one moral value within his career: One Chance. That was back in 7th Grade. At that time, by the mention of his name you knew what he could do. I am an now an alumnus of Wyoming Valley West, and I can tell you what he did that day, so long ago, was important because it would draw the line between who cared and who did not, who could obey the laws and who favored a little anarchy. But I remember far well what he said that many others forget to recall. For one, Mark Ciavarella set it out there that if your grades in school did not follow perfection, or even average, he would send you right to the Camp Adams Juvenile Detention Center. If your grades were anything but “bad,” he would on a rare occasion give you a second chance. Just one other chance, and if ever you walked

courtesy of creative commons

THE LUZERNE County Courthouse, Wilkes-Barre, served as the seat of former Pa. Judge Mark Ciavarella, Jr. Ciavarella was found guilty on 12 of 39 charges for his role in the ‘Cash for Kids’ scandal earlier in the week.

into his courtroom again he would send you there in an instant. Never before that day had I seen his face, but I knew his notorious name and indeed I did fear it. I wanted to remember everything this guy was saying, because by mentioning grades as a reason to base his judgment seemed to me, well, suspicious.

The way he walked down the aisle to the front of the auditorium, like top dog, the look on his face, hard, the way he spoke, angry, sent a chill down my spine, and I had this feeling, even then, that someday, somehow, this judge would bring corruption to the county. For a second, you could be at

school, struggling to pull through or progressing to be number one, but in another you could be in handcuffs, sent to the most notorious place for juveniles in the entire Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. But what kind of “anarchy” puts you in such a dreadful place, where no child would ever want to walk? Three of the biggest laws

violated I have noticed throughout my years as a student were any kind of property damage (i.e. graffiti), any sort of alcohol/drug possession and battery (i.e. school fights). Let’s take that first example: Surely graffiti is nothing to take lightly on anyone’s property, but in the case of juveniles does it really seem fair in prosecuting them more often than just slapping a heavy fine on their back then having them do community service for the county (i.e. on top of the fine, having them pay for the paint they would later use to cover that graffiti)? Now let’s take the second example: Alcohol possession is no laughing matter in high school, but let us be serious, “Thirsty Thursday” is very popular at that level. I, by no means at all am encouraging such acts, but does it seem fair in sending someone to a detention center before considering sending them to a rehabilitation center, as well as fining them and having the juvenile perform community service (i.e. talking to other students at high schools around county about being in their position)? The same question is raised with drug possession, but this is the extent, and I bring this

See “CIAVARELLA,“ Page 6

Pride, Passion, Positivity: Republicans plan to foul Clean Air Act Exploring positivity’s power Let me first begin by saying thank you to everyone who has given great feedback to my column. kind Commentary Your words mean BY Oliver everything to Strickland me, and I can’t Staff Writer thank you enough. It has been a pleasure writing for The Aquinas, and I will continue to try my hardest to inspire you to conquer anything the future has in store. This ties in perfectly with my topic for this week’s piece — the power of positivity. Due to the powerful impact of the abundant amount of thoughtful and sincere admirations that many of you gave to me, I am still high on life. Despite being bogged down with the stress of school, I am still high on life because of your positive feedback on my column. Positive compliments are the key to making others around you happy. Although many people may confuse positive compliments with flattery, they are two different things. Flattery is the act of giving someone insincere compliments, especially to further one’s own interest. But the most effective way to make others in your life happy is to give positive and sincere compliments. It’s the power of positivity. Another component that is involved in being positive is to keep away from saying negative things. As a child,

my parents would constantly say to my siblings and I that “if you don’t have anything nice to say, don’t say anything at all.” This expression is very relevant when talking about the power of positivity. Think about it — you can never have the full effect of what positivity can do to someone if there are negative stains on what you are trying to say. One of the best ways to combat negative comments is to stop them where they start — the mind. By consciously working on thinking positive you will eventually train your brain to think happy. Therefore, you will be happy. I touched on this in last week’s column, and it is worth repeating. The benefits of thinking positive thoughts are not only theoretical, they are scientific too. Many studies have shown that happy people are ultimately better in many aspects of life, in comparison with people that are not happy. Happy people generally live longer, are healthier, have healthier relationships and ultimately thrive in all aspects of their life. With all of this being said, we must bear in mind that there is only one thing on this God-given planet that is the universal sign of positivity and that is the smile. A smile has the same meaning anywhere. The power of positivity is something that many people know about, but seldom use. Think positive. Talk positive. Live positive. And just smile.

Commentary BY Dan Becker and James Gerstenzang

McClatchy Newspapers Largely hidden in its attack on the federal budget, the House of Representatives has approved a key Republican campaign promise to big business: Protecting it from what the new majority argues are the handcuffs of environmental safeguards. The Republicans would cuff the Environmental Protection Agency instead. If they prevail in the Senate and overcome a White House veto, they would hobble the Clean Air Act, probably the most successful U.S. law protecting health and the environment, and threaten the authority of California and several other states to use it to fight global warming and other pollution. The Clean Air Act has meant fewer hospitalizations and missed work days, saving a projected $2 trillion in 2020 alone by reducing asthma, chronic bronchitis and premature deaths from lung disease. Now, given the go-ahead by the Supreme Court, EPA is using it to cut back on carbon-dioxide pollution, the prime culprit behind our changing climate. Think of the law as the legal weapon — passed by an overwhelming bipartisan congressional majority, signed by President Richard M. Nixon,

courtesy of mct campus

approved by the highest court — that has allowed every president beginning with Nixon to fight some of the nation's most difficult health and environmental challenges. Using the law to reduce carbon dioxide will bring us solutions that people like: hybrid and other high-tech gas-sipping cars that cut our gasoline bills more than the improved technology costs. But some of the nation's biggest polluters have teamed up with the Republicans to try to stop progress — just as more

evidence documents global warming: The 10 warmest years on record have all been since 1998; last year was tied with 2005 as the hottest. Together, they would turn the House into a special-interest court of appeals to circumvent the 2007 Supreme Court ruling that orders the EPA to fight global warming. They would limit the clean air law's provisions protecting us from power plant pollution and block several states from adopting tougher pollution controls than the federal government. California has been a leader in setting air pollution and emissions standards under Clean Air Act provisions. Its efforts to set strong standards have been joined by 13 other states, among them New York, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Washington. Now, automakers are demanding that politicians — not scientists — write the clean car standards intended to reduce carbon-dioxide pollution. The automakers supported a five percent annual reduction in emissions that will get us to 35.5 mpg in 2016 — the biggest step we've taken against global warming. They say they cannot cut emissions six percent the next year. These are the same people who said they could not equip cars with seat belts, air bags or catalytic converters. But, using continuously

See “CLEAN AIR ACT,“ Page 7

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Letters to the Editor views Libertarians ignore tyranny of market economy Should Wisconsin’s Democrat state senators return to Madison to initialize a vote on the governor’s budget proposal?

Question and column compiled by Bryan Heinlen.

“I feel like they should stay out of the state, to prove a point to the governor. Everyone needs a voice.”

Taheshia Jean Brooklyn, N.Y. Class of 2013

“Should Lebron return to Cleveland…well that’s a whole separate issue, but, yes, they should return. It’s part of their job to vote on these important issues. It’s wrong to try to run and hide.“

Brett Nieaus Fort Myers, Fla. Class of 2012

“Yes, and, if they do not by the end of the week they should be removed from office.”

Joey Daniel Scranton Class of 2012

“Yes, they were elected to vote.”

Barb Evans Clarks Summit Library Staff

Ian Saggese’s article from last week’s The Aquinas, entitled “Statists espouse monopoly of force,” cannot go unanswered given the glaring holes in his supposed argument for individual liberty. The unfettered market economy that he advocates is an absolutely tyrannical system, with greed as its core virtue. It would leave millions of citizens chained by the tyranny of their circumstances, while simultaneously allowing the greediest among us to manipulate society solely for their own selfish aims. If you are trying to construct a society based upon liberty, it makes no sense for the core virtue of its economic system to be among the most pernicious of human passions. I am talking, of course, about greed. Greed’s costs to society at large, including the exploitation of workers, pollution, and poverty, are obvious enough. In the United States today, the top one percent of the population owns 38 percent of the nation’s wealth. Conversely, the bottom 40 percent owns less than one percent. 44 million Americans live in poverty while the nation’s de-facto oligarchy hoards two-fifths of the nation’s wealth. Children born into poverty have no choice in the matter, and their circumstances control every aspect of their lives. Imagine being born into a poor inner-city neighborhood. Your mother is addicted to crack and your father left shortly after you were born. The extreme poverty of your neighborhood has bred an environment of rampant violent crime. For the purpose of protec-

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tion, you join a gang while still in elementary school. The schools in your area are disgraceful, and your high school has a dropout rate upwards of 50 percent. Your family relies on food stamps and public housing for the basic necessities of life, because your mother, as a drug addict, is not employable. Even if she were, jobs in your neighborhood are scarce, and none pay enough to free your family from dependence upon the welfare system. In what seems like a bizarre twist of fate, you start selling drugs yourself in order to try to make ends meet. In your own quest for survival, you contribute to the ongoing deterioration of your community. The situation I just asked you to imagine is not simply hypothetical. It is an accurate portrayal of the circumstances of millions

“CIAVARELLA” CONTINUED FROM PAGE FIVE up because there are extents to every one of the examples I mention. Again I say I do not endorse such acts, but let us again be serious. Strictly on the example of marijuana, possession of the herb is very popular among teenagers everywhere in the Wyoming Valley. I know it; I hear it being discussed, I have witnessed it being smoked and I know I am not the only one. I can also say I have also seen students go to Camp Adams because of it, instead of being checked into a rehabilitation center. When they get out they go back to smoking it. I mean, is there not something wrong there? Let’s take that last example: Fighting. It occurs everywhere at every high school across the nation. I can refuel your thought right now by telling you that high school fights are brought upon by provocation. I can also surprise many by stating that more and more fights are becoming coordinated. Who’s fighting who is planned and whoever wins that battle fights another kid ho won. I hear about those brainless “title fights” that happen outside of school, and I even shock myself by coming to the defense of such preposterous acts, but it is consensual battery, kind of like that PIAA form one signs when they plan on playing a sport. Yet, I have on a rare occasion heard stories of kids who are going to Camp Adams because of it. When it occurs in school it is a different situation, obviously, but why send both students to prison when the one kid finds himself trying desperately to push the other kid away from pos-

sibly destroying his oral/nasal cavity or, worse, destroying their eyesight forever? I’ve witnessed that happen, too, and you can say I am the average high school student who has not experienced any of the above examples personally. But, if ever I was in a situation of being put to a wall, I’d be damaged in a instant if I just let it happen to me. I’m not the strongest kid on campus, but if ever someone attacked me, you can bet I would want to defend my only body. I admit, in all of these examples I knew the student(s) who went to prison for such acts. I admit, in almost every case, the student was a good kid—maybe not the smartest in their studies, but their kindness to others outweighed that. Their only problem was that they either needed a slap upside the head (i.e. fined and forced to do community service) or some sort of physical or mental help (i.e. rehab). They did not deserve Camp Adams to be put on their record because now, in some cases, that guy or girl who wanted to go to college cannot even consider acceptance at Luzerne County’s Community College. Mark Ciavarella ruined countless lives—some so deeply they would later end their own, and I have the unfortunate news to tell you I knew that kid. Every county-resident has been affected, and for those whose future would be unequally determined by the “Bernie Madoff of Pennsylvania” himself, this verdict is a victory, not only for this county, but this country.

of your fellow Americans, and more importantly, millions of your fellow human beings. They did not ask for these circumstances. This was simply the hand they were dealt, and as a result, liberty eludes their lives. Not only would Ian Saggese would abolish the very institutions (the welfare system, food stamps, etc.) that keep them alive, but also those that, at least in theory, give them hope for the future (public education, public libraries, access to public broadcasting, etc.) I’m sure that Ian would argue that he seeks to free the poor from dependence on the welfare system, and I would agree that this is an admirable goal. Welfare is simply a band-aid. It insures that those who cannot provide for themselves will at least have the basic necessities of life taken care

of. The reason that the scope of our “nanny state” is so large, however, is because employers are not required to pay their employees a living wage. If everybody with a job were able to provide for themselves, there would be no need for welfare for anybody besides the unemployed, disabled, etc. This, however, is only possible through regulation of the economy. In a pure capitalist system, there would be no minimum wage at all, and it is likely that even less people would be able to provide for themselves, and without social programs to pick up the slack. Meanwhile, those at the top, many of whom made their fortunes through exploitation of workers and other unethical means (the Walton family of WalMart fame, for example) complain that taxing them is “tyrannical” and tantamount to theft. It’s their money after all, and they should be able to do whatever they please with it, even if they’d rather buy 10 Ferraris than feed a starving family, shouldn’t they? The answer is, of course, absolutely not. Hoarding such wealth is an example of extending one’s liberty to the point of denying liberty to others. In order to have a truly free society, in which individual liberty is maximized for all, nobody can be allowed to expand the scope of their own liberty at the expense of others.

Micheal Goonan is a a sophomore political science major at The University.

Dr. Fraustino serves as bold man of impact in University community Every so often, educators significantly impact their students. This semester, I have been fortunate enough to have such an experience. I, of course, am talking about Dr.Fraustino of the English Department. Prior to our first class, I did not know what to expect. However, I had yet to realize that the brilliance and wisdom from that class would become a part of me. Dr.Fraustino incorporates life into the poetry we read which helps us to comprehend the material as well as learn a lesson. His philosophies on life are commendable. He teaches us how to interpret poetry through investigation and critical thinking.

Free thinking is greatly encouraged by him. He does not sugar coat anything, he is honest and that is grand. Of course, his humor is appreciated. My interest in poetry has been great but is now elevated to a higher level. He truly has passion for what he does and cares about his students’ success. For anyone wishing to take a poetry class, take Dr.Fraustino. But I advise you to be bold in class because he most certainly is, and as I once said to him, “you gotta go out with a bang.”

April Dudzinski is a sophomore at The University.


Forum Policy

The content of The Aquinas is the responsibility of the Editor-in-Chief and Executive Staff and does not necessarily reflect the views of The University, its staff or faculty. The University adheres to the principle of responsible freedom of expression for its student editors. All letters become the property of The Aquinas and will be considered for both print and online editions unless the writer explicitly states otherwise. The Aquinas will not print anonymous or pseudonymous letters, except in unique circumstances. Letters will only be edited for style.





“CLEAN AIR ACT“ CONTINUED FROM PAGE FIVE variable transmissions, lowfriction lubricants, improved engines, aerodynamic designs, high-strength light-weight steel and producing the first electric vehicles, they can deliver a fleet that will achieve 62 mpg, cut our emissions by six percent per year and help us cut our oil consumption in half by 2030, saving us money at the pump. Sure, they don't want to. But they can. If you don't believe us, listen to Toyota. Whatever goal the administration sets, "Toyota will be prepared to meet," the automaker's vice president for product communications, Jim Colon, said. "If it's 62 miles a gallon, we'll be able to achieve that." Even General Motors, famously late to the innovation starting line, says it will join the race — if ordered. Mark Reuss, the company's top North American executive, said that while he was concerned about meeting a 62 mpg standard, "I think the industry can do anything it wants when it puts its mind to it...We're going to make a plan that's profitable with cars and trucks that people want." That would be a welcome epiphany for a company that stayed afloat with the help of a $50 billion bailout from Ameri-

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ca's taxpayers. With the planet growing warmer, gas prices climbing and new turmoil in the Middle East threatening our energy security,

we can't afford to allow polluters to team up with the new House leadership to deny us progress. As Mark Twain said, "Denial ain't just a river in Egypt."

Assessing recent judicial ruling on health care Commentary BY Michael Smerconish

McClatchy Newspapers I fear that Roy Cohn had a better understanding of American justice than John Adams. It was Adams who in 1780 sought to instill a sense of separate yet balanced power in the Massachusetts Constitution — “a government of laws and not of men,” he wrote. Cohn had other ideas. During his life, legend has it, the famed lawyer (who was ultimately disbarred before his death), was fond of saying, “I don’t care what the law is, just tell me who the judge is.” On the subject of the national health-care law, the answer to Cohn’s question would be Anthony Kennedy. The case appears headed for his resolution once it arrives in the Supreme Court. U.S. District Judge Roger Vinson is the federal judge who most recently deemed the entire law unconstitutional. This was the fourth time a federal judge has passed judgment on national health care. Two Republicanappointed judges have ruled all or part of the law unconstitutional; two Democratic-appointed judges have upheld it. So much for the belief that the law is applied when a member of the bench dusts off the Constitution and looks up an answer. Thus far, only federal trial courts have reviewed the law. The next challenges will go to the U.S. Courts of Appeals, and then to the U.S. Supreme Court. And unfortunately, most observers, including me, think we can accurately predict how eight of the nine justices will rule. That health care is constitutional: Justices Stephen Breyer, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Elena Kagan, and Sonia Sotomayor. That health care is unconstitutional: Justices Antonin Scalia, Clarence Thomas, John Roberts, and Samuel Alito. Which leaves Justice Kennedy. This is the government of “men” now charged with interpreting the law, which in this case involves Article I, Section 8, Clause 3: the Commerce Clause. It gives Congress the power to regulate commerce “among the several States.” Since the New Deal, the Supreme Court has defined commerce very

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broadly to include anything that could have any effect on interstate commerce. That broad reading empowers Congress to make it illegal for your 8-year-old to operate a homemade lemonade stand and refuse to sell lemonade to racial minorities. Why? The water, sugar, fruit juice and revenue — even in tiny amounts

— could have an effect on interstate commerce. That same thinking now makes it a federal crime to commit an act of kidnapping across state lines. Or to engage in Internet crimes. The only question to be asked by a court in reviewing a law predicated on the Commerce Clause is whether it could have an effect on interstate commerce. So the issue here is whether the refusal of someone to participate in national health care could have an impact on interstate commerce. To which proponents would say yes, because when you don’t participate, you are affecting the commerce embodied in the health-care system, however slightly, across state lines. Judge Vinson found that the law was not properly grounded in the Commerce Clause because, he said, it was not aimed at “economic activity,” but rather “inactivity,” referring to one’s decision not to buy insurance. Those challenging the health care law say that the Commerce Clause does not authorize Congress to force Americans to buy health insurance where authority extends only to activities that substantially affect interstate commerce. They say the clause does not give the government power to make you do something. Proponents respond that when you choose not to obtain health insurance, you are making an active decision that shifts your burden to others. In other words, that there is action in inaction. And, proponents argue that the government already makes you do things, like buy car insurance. To which critics reply, No one forces you to drive a car. Proponents will finally say that in the alternative of reliance on the Commerce Clause, we would have 50 sovereign systems of government, and not a United States. Round and round it goes, without a crystal-clear answer in the law. Language is necessarily ambiguous. Hence the influence of interpretation. And given the recent partisan divide in the court, it is easy to see this one decided by a 5-4 split, just like Bush v. Gore, last year’s important gun case (District of Columbia v. Heller) and the campaign-finance case (Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission). Roy Cohn was right. It’s not just what the law says. It’s who is reading it.

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Arts & Life

Arts & Life Editor Joe Wolfe

Top films battle for Academy gold Commentary By Jeremy Evans Staff Writer The 83rd Academy Awards will be held this Sunday and once again features a field packed full of fantastic films. The awards show honors all kinds of achievements in motion pictures, from acting to special effects to the coveted Best Picture award. The films that are nominated for awards this year reflect an eclectic mix of genres, once again showcasing the impressive diversity and commitment of the film-making industry. This year, “The King’s Speech,” a film about King George VI overcoming a speech impediment during the turbulent World War II era, is the front runner with a stunning twelve nominations. “The King’s Speech” is the odds-on favorite to win Best Picture this year. The Coen Brothers’ hardy Western drama “True Grit” is second with ten total nominations, including Best Picture. Two years ago, the Academy expanded the field of Best Picture nominees from five to 10, opening the door for a greater variety of films to be recognized. In addition to “The King’s Speech” and “True Grit,” eight

other films are also vying for the top honor. Among the other nominees, we have the dark ballerina tragedy “Black Swan,” the rousing boxing drama “The Fighter” and the mind-bending “Inception.” Also on the ballot are films that explore the nature of family ties, “The Kids Are All Right” and “Winter’s Bone.” The inspirational true story of “127 Hours,” the sharply scripted “The Social Network” and the poignant send-off “Toy Story 3” round out the nominees. “The King’s Speech” is the expected winner, though “The Social Network” probably has the best shot at an upset. Next to Best Picture, one of the highest honors on Oscar night is being award Best Actor or Best Actress. On the men’s side, five talented actors are vying for the award: Javier Bardem for “Biutful,” Jeff Bridges for “True Grit,” Jessie Eisenberg for “The Social Network,” Colin Firth for “The King’s Speech” and James Franco for “127 Hours.” Though Firth makes a strong case for winning the award, the Academy will most likely award Franco, whose stunning portrayal of the true story of a hiker who was trapped under a boulder and had to amputate his

own arm, the Oscar. On the ladies’ side, those up for Best Actress are Annette Benning

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COLIN FIRTH (right) and Helena Bonham Carter hope to take home Academy gold Sunday night for their film, “The King’s Speech.”

for “The Kids Are All Right,” Nicole Kidman for “Rabbit Hole,” Jennifer Lawrence for “Winter’s Bone,” Natalie Portman for “Black Swan” and Michelle Williams for “Blue

Radiohead still king Commentary By Joe wolfe Arts & Life Editor Riding off the success of its 2007 album, “In Rainbows,” Radiohead recently released its eighth LP, “The King of Limbs.” With this release, Radiohead moves in a different direction from the more mainstream sound of “In Rainbows.” Where “In Rainbows” had singles that separated itself from the sound of the entire album, such as “15 Step,” “All I Need” and “Jigsaw Falling Into Place,” there is no such track that separates itself from the rest of “The King of Limbs.” The album sounds like one continuous track: It steadily builds from the opener “Bloom” to “Feral,” until the band slowly brings down its pace beginning with “Lotus Flower” and “Codex,” and ends with “Separator.” Still with this said, the band chose to release “Lotus Flower” as its first single. The song begins with the simple percussions of Phil Selway with Colin Greenwood’s bass layered on top. Thom Yorke’s vocals dominate the song. His high, screeching vocals clash with the Greenwood’s low bass in a way that gives the song a haunting quality

that is only intensified with Yorke’s chilling lyrics. Yorke sings “There’s an empty space inside my heart / And now it won’t take root / And now I set you free / I set you free.” The transition from “In Rainbows” to “The King of Limbs” is similar to the transition Radiohead made from “Kid A” to “Amnesiac.” Where “Kid A” had tracks that stood out among the rest, such as “The National Anthem,” “How To Disappear Completely” and “Idioteque,” “Amnesiac” lacked any song that really separated itself on the album. Yes, “Amnesiac” contains the singles “Pyramid Song” and “Knives Out;” however, these songs do not break away from the overall sound of the album. “Amnesiac” as a whole is one of Radiohead’s best works instrumentally, one that Radiohead has not matched until “The King of Limbs.” For those who would like to purchase “The King of Limbs,” the only option as of now is in the form of digital download via Any physical release of the album will not be available until May 9. The May 9 release will be in three forms: cd, vinyl and what the band is calling a “newspaper album.” The newspaper album

Campus Comment

“One of the better choices.”

Valentine.” Portman seems to have a virtual lock on this award, as her portrayal of a disturbed, obsessive

costs $48 and consists of an mp3 version of “The King of Limbs,” two clear 10’ vinyl records, a compact disc and artwork. The album’s presale is currently going on. “The King of Limbs” not only marks the return of Radiohead, a band that has continually set the bar higher with each successive release, but it also sets itself up as a benchmark for all albums to surpass in 2011.

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THOM YORKE shows off his vision with “The King of Limbs.”

and paranoid ballerina has captivated audiences. It’s unlikely that anyone would upset Portman for this award. For best supporting actor,

Christian Bale should take home the award for his role in “The Fighter.” He plays the brother of the main character and Bale captures the character exquisitely as he wrestles with his drug addiction and comes to terms with the fact that his own prime has passed him by. For supporting actress, there is no clear cut favorite, but the award may well go the young Hailee Steinfeld for her portrayal of the precocious Mattie Ross in “True Grit.” At just 14 years old, Steinfeld is one of the youngest actors ever nominated for an Academy Award. The Coen Brothers may take home Best Directing, but the Academy will most likely give that award to Darren Arofonsky for his visually arresting “Black Swan.” The award for Best Original Score should go to Hans Zimmer for his mesmerizing and powerful score for “Inception.” Best Writing for an adapted screenplay will likely go to Aaron Sorkin for his biting and witty dialogue in “The Social Network.” All in all, Oscar night should be interesting, as the Academy has been known for some major upsets in years past. The Academy Awards will air this Sunday night on ABC.

Download of The Week “Caring Is Creepy” by The Shins Is there any band that has been more forgotten than The Shins? The band gained fame after Zach Braff featured it in his film, “Garden State,” in 2004, nearly three years after the band released its first album “Oh, Inverted World.” 2003’s “Chutes Too Narrow” was a step towards a more indie pop sound than the lo-fi sound of its predecessor so much so that it introduced new listeners to The Shins. The band’s most recent album, “Wincing The Night Away,” came four years after “Chutes Too Narrow” and rode on its success – “Wincing The Night Away” garnered The Shins its best reviews of its three albums. However, even with the success of “Chutes Too Narrow” and “Wincing The Night Away,” no album contained as many prominent hits as “Oh, Inverted World.” One of these hits, “Caring Is Creepy” is one of The Shins most popular songs, and was one of the tracks featured in “Garden State.” The lo-fi sound of the lone guitar played behind James Mercer’s vocals creates a simplicity that hooks the listener immediately. The Shins’ absence from the musical

sphere has taken away one of the more talented vocalist and lyricists in the indie genre. This is never as evident as it is in “Caring Is Creepy.” The song depends on Mercer, who demands leadership immediately, overpowering the first couple notes from the guitar as he sings “Lift the mattress off the floor / Walk the cramps off / Go meander in the cold / Hail to your dark skin / Hiding the fact you’re dead again / Underneath the power lines seeking shade / Far above our heads are the icy heights that contain all reason.” “Caring Is Creepy” is a great introduction to those unfamiliar with The Shins: it is the first track off the band’s first album, its tranquil sound is sure to be a favorite in the hearts of listeners and it is one of the tracks that is featured in “Garden State.” The fact that The Shins have been absent from music since 2007 has deprived music fans of one of the best up-and-coming bands of this generation. Luckily, The Shins have left its fans with three quality albums to enjoy as the band continually looks to find itself and, hopefully, one day reunite.

What do you think of B.o.B as this year’s Spring Concert?

“Who is B.o.B?”


“I’m excited for it.”

“I like ‘Majic.’”

Mary Scheller Junior, Forest City

Antony Delliturri Senior, Brooklyn, N.Y.

Juyeon Yoo Junior, Seoul, Korea

Nicole Lopez-Isa Sophomore, Saddle Brook, N.J.

Kihoon Kwon Grad., Seoul, Korea

THE Aquinas



Spring blooms with musical acts Commentary By Joe Wolfe Arts & Life Editor Bright Eyes – March 8, 9 Radio City Music Hall, N.Y. With the release of “The People’s Key,” Oberst returns to the name that has garnered him his critical acclaim from day one. Making a stop at Radio City Music Hall transplants Oberst into the musical mecca of the east coast to show all of his fans and critics that Bright Eyes is back. The tour is one of the most anticipated tours of the spring season — one that is can’t miss among music circles. Elvis Costello – May 19 Tower Theater, Upper Darby The king of new wave is back for a tour that will hit Philadelphia, New Jersey and New York. For those unfamiliar with Costello, he is one of the greatest musical minds still living. His first three albums, “My Aim Is True,” “This Year’s Model” and “Armed Forces” are three of the best albums to come out of the rock genre.

“I like ‘Airplane.’” Mohammed Harbi Grad., Saudi Arabia

“This Year’s Model” deserves to be placed near the top half of any “Best of” list with the hits “This Year’s Girl,” “(I Don’t Want To Go To) Chelsea” and the later added “Radio Radio.” The energy that Costello brings is unlike any of the living legends from the 70s, yet he still has the ability to slow it down with songs such as “Alison” and “Almost Blue.” Margot & The Nuclear So and So’s – May 10 Trocadero, Philadelphia If it’s possible for a band to be obscure in an already obscure genre, then that band would be Margot & The Nuclear So and So’s. The Indianapolis based indie/folk band has four solid albums under its belt: “The Dust of Retreat,” “Animal,” “Not Animal” and “Buzzard.” “The Dust of Retreat” is a great album that shows off the band’s playful, yet serious tone. With songs such as “Skeleton Key,” “Jen Is Bringing the Drugs” and “A Children’s Crusade On Acid,” the show will have something that everyone will like. Ted Leo – April 30

“It’s alright.” Majed Al-Maghlouth Grad., Saudi Arabia

The Vintage Theater, Scranton The show may not be the same without The Pharmacists to back him, but Ted Leo is sure to bring a fun show to The Vintage Theater in Scranton. His upbeat ska/punk/ indie style will fit in perfectly with the local music scene in Scranton. When he takes this music to an acoustic guitar, it adds a different dimension to the music of Ted Leo. Just check out the Youtube video of him performing a mashup cover of Kelly Clarkson’s “Since U Been Gone” and the Yeah Yeah Yeah’s “Maps” — pure perfection. Fleet Foxes – May 18 The United Palace Theatre, N.Y. In 2006, the indie world was introduced to Fleet Foxes via its selftitled EP. In 2008, Fleet Foxes took over the indie world with its first album “Fleet Foxes.” The album instantly became a cult classic for this indie folk band. The album’s single “White Winter Hymnal” represents the very essence of the band: simple folk instrumentals with J. Tillman’s soft beautiful vocals placed on top. The band is finally set to release its second

“Pretty good.” Mike Zaleski Grad., Scranton

Courtesy of Wikimedia

FLEET FOXES try to avoid the sophomore slump with its new album.

album, “Helplessness Blues,” this May. This show will not only introduce unknown audiences to one of the best reviewed albums in the past couple years, but it will introduce all fans to Fleet Foxes second LP. of Montreal – April 29 TLA, Philadelphia of Montreal is notorious for its

“Sameness is at an all-time low.” Mike Shertz Senior, Blue Bell

live shows which not only feature arguably one of the best frontmen in music today in Kevin Barnes, but also the various shows that go on in the background. of Montreal’s sounds is sure to excite the audience to dance and become entranced in the music. An of Montreal show is an experience must had.

“Awesome, I can’t wait!” Meghan Norsigian Sophomore, Flemington, N.J.


Business MAJOR U.S. INDEXES DOW 12105.88 -107.2 NASDAQ 2722.72 -6.17 S&P 1307.59 -8.04

NOTABLE GAINERS XOM $87.07 +1.55 PCS $11.84 +0.55 PWR $17.73 +0.68

MOST ACTIVE C $4.70 +.01 SPY $130.83 -0.88 BAC $14.17 -0.01

THE Aquinas


Michael Dwier Business Editor

COMMODITIES OIL $98.95 +0.47 GOLD $1410.20 +9.30 SILVER $26.05 +0.539

CURRENCIES EUR/USD 1.377 +.0024 GBP/USD 1.624 +0.002 USD/JPY 82.15 -0.16 As of press time Wednesday night

Kania School students eagerly prepare for ‘hunting season’ By Sean Mckeveny Business Writer People are beginning to plan their tactics for getting the big bucks while settling for some doe on the side. Hunting season may be over, but for some it has just begun. College students across the country are entering into a different hunting season, but are also in search of big bucks and dough. The internship and job search is in full steam on campus and it seems as if everywhere you turn, someone is talking about a job offer or an internship. If you are yet to find yours, there are many ways to set yourself apart from the competition. Freshmen and sophomores this is the most important time of your college career to set yourself apart from the competition. Some ways that sophomores can look to set themselves apart include getting as involved as possible. Join as many clubs as you can without the involvement causing grades to diminish. Despite high GPAs, recruiters recognize leadership and involvement. Student activities and orientation has many

opportunities to get involved. In addition, take advantage of the services that are available here at The University. On Mulberry Street, just before the Wellness Center is Cizek Hall, the Office of Career Services. This office provides career guidance and skill building. In addition, this office has a website where they post jobs regularly. Many students are not aware of this service. Also, students should become involved in the mentor program at The University. This is a great way to increase your network size, while receiving valuable insight from Scranton alum. It is highly recommended, no matter how old you are, to get involved and utilize the resources available. Junior year is often the most important year to secure an internship. It is important to put in time each day towards your search. In addition, request an appointment with Career Services. The services that they have available are remarkable. It is recommended that resumes should be completed by now. If not, there are templates available online through the Office of Career Services. In addition resume writing workshops are available at Career

COUrtesy of MCT campus

FAST PACED business environments demand educated and polished college students.

Services. All students are able to also attend mock interviews with Career Services. Despite searching for the big bucks, all students should not disregard non-paid internship opportunities. It is often stated that experience is worth more than money. Many companies, due to the trying economic times, have experienced budget cuts. For many, the first money to go was pay for interns. In addition to the unpaid internships, individuals can look into creating their own internships. This can

P.R.I.S.M. plans for second semester by mike dwier Business Editor As the second semester enters into full swing, so does the P.R.I.S.M ( The Portfolio of Responsible Investments under Student Management) club’s focus on career advancement. Accordingly, the group has resumed weekly meetings with the intention of building a more marketable resume, in the hopes of landing summer internships or full time positions. So far, many of the clubs members have secured interviews or have been accepted as interns or full time employees with upper echelon financial institutions. The list of firms include UBS, Morgan Stanley, ICAPP, PNC, Wells Fargo, AXA Financial, Bank of America, Goldman Sachs and The Royal Bank of Canada. While the group is extremely excited about the upcoming career opportunities, this has not stopped many members from continuing to enhance themselves. Scheduled for the semester are numerous alumni discussions, career enhancement workshops and real world futures trading simulation. While the alumni discussion will be focused on market insights and career development, the career enhancement workshops will be led by faculty

be done by contacting companies explaining your objectives and hearing their feedback. Many companies are open to free labor, very similar to consulting work. For seniors, it is time to make one of the biggest decisions of your life. Many will chose to stay for grad school and hope for better economic times in the future, many will accept jobs, and some will remain without a job. To increase the probability of being one with a job, seniors should all get an account on Col-

legeCentralNetwork and utilize the assistance available. Also, seniors should recognize that the job out college is not likely to remain your career. For all, it is hunting season and we are all hunting together. Support all in their search and do not be afraid to reach out for help. The big bucks and doe may not be frolicking in all of our fields, however keeping an open mind and strong drive can help the cause. Best of luck and remember hunting safety regulations.

Have you been following a relevant business issue, industry

trend, or a company stock? If so, you should consider writing about it for the Aquinas. It looks great on a resume and COURTESY OF yahoo images

PRISM MEMBERS learn the ins and outs of the stock market in the Alperin Financial Center.

and recent alumni. These advancement workshops will be geared toward gaining technical expertise in Microsoft Excel as well as, building financial valuation models, referred to as discounted cash flow models. It is the group’s objective to build a more reputable and marketable University business student. The younger under-graduates in the group will be aided in developing the critical skill sets that help differentiate them from peer competitors at other schools. Meanwhile, juniors and seniors will be focused on building upon their already established resumes and gaining valuable interview arsenal through market

specific discussions with alumni. Furthermore, the entire group will be going through a rigorous four week futures training routine. Through Patak Trading Partners, a Chicago based futures trading firm, University students will have access to real time market trading software and be in constant communication with Patak’s industr y experts. In combination, the three strategic initiatives should considerably boost PRISM members’ confidence in inter views, bolster their brand reputation and, ultimately, yield valuable career opportunities for the future.

helps develop critical writing skills for the business world. If interested feel free to contact Mike Dwier ( to get involved.




Municipal bond market remains turbulent Commentary by ryan omensetter Business Writer

Markets in the economy have been turning around and most feel that the climb back to normalcy is almost within grasp. Yet, not all markets have seen great returns from the most recent recession. One of which, the Municipal bond market, has had a rather turbulent run recently. This market which is normally seen as stable and placid, has been anything but. With concerns of state budget gaps, currently at $125 billion according to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, as well as analysts suggestions of thousands of defaults, it no wonder why the market has been turbulent. One of the issues is the huge outflows by investors for the last

three months of almost $26 billion. With the total Muni market consisting of nearly $2.9 trillion, the $26 billion in outflows may not seem as bad, but if the trend continues this could be disastrous for Munis. The good news however, is that this past week saw outflows from the Muni market of only $975 million which is the lowest figure since early December. Another factor that has certainly changed due to budget concerns is that of new issuance. In all, year over year new issuance has dropped by nearly 50 percent. This should not hurt the market in the near term because of all of the outflows. However, for the long term this could pose some issues as market supply exceeds demand. All of the factors that are contributing to the downturn of the Muni market can be spurned by a quick turnaround in the economy, yet quick does not seem to be the word when describing the growth this time around. This has never

Courtesy MCt CamPUS

MUNICIPAL MEMBERS gather outside of local City Hall.

been more true than with states. While governors are trying to figure out a way to cut back benefits, jobs and state redevelopment projects, the public expects the state to maintain everything that they have been providing for in the past. The simple truth is that

things such as benefits, jobs and state redevelopment projects are all going to be cut back in order for these states to meet their budgets. At a federal level there is little the government can do as it has already run up its own deficit far

eclipsing that of the total state budget gap. Even though federal funding will continue to go to states for education and structural improvements, those funds will be less than in the recent past. With the expectation remaining that states should keep providing for the public, where does this all lead? The answer will never be certain. While some think that the market will be rocked by thousands of Muni defaults, others see opportunity in the turbulence. States will never cease to exist as a financial entity, to think otherwise is outrageous. Yet, with all of the uncertainty surrounding this market, at what point does normalcy return much like it seems to have in other markets? That question is one that will take time. States will adjust and they will continue issue debt to fund their needs. This is not the end of the Muni market as we know it, but it may be a major bump in the road if the turbulence is prolonged.

Bears and Bulls: market correction looms

great uncertainty in oil markets, and a run of bad earnings reports from companies, especially Hewlett-Packard, equities markets have seen a panic selloff, while treasuries markets rallied. Will investors continue to put money into less risky assets like U.S. treasuries causing for a massive equity selloff? Many professionals in the in-

dustry have reason to believe a market correction could be upon us. A market correction can be anywhere from a five percent decline to a 15 percent decline, and given the rally we have seen in stock markets, we are far overdue. One of the biggest fears lies in food and energy prices. They have rallied mainly due to money printing across the globe, especial-

ly here in the U.S., and higher food and energy prices cause for rises in raw materials. These increases in raw materials will cut into profit margins of firms and then companies will be forced to raise prices on their products. Ultimately, this will cause inflation to rise. Obviously, inflation is still at low levels (CPI is at around 1.6 percent for the trailing twelve months) and does not seem to have an immediate effect in the short-run, but fear of inflation in the future could price into markets today causing further selloffs. Because no one is truly sure of what will happen in markets next, a fog of uncertainty continues to linger around stock trading. Though investors do like to hear positive reassurance like, “the average bull market is 3.8 years and we havn’t reached two yet,” or “stocks rally often more than 20 percent in the third year of a presidency,” these are nothing but mere hype. In moving forward, investors need to look at the data in analyzing our current macroeconomic outlook. For one, no rally could cause belief to say that we are fully recovered with an unemployment rate of nine percent. Yes, it

programs, but most of my competitors don’t either.” States are slashing budgets, pulling back money from the very development agencies charged with enticing employers to locate or expand in their territory, thus creating jobs and generating tax revenue. The rural commission in western Maryland tapped a federal program that allowed it to help private companies issue almost $20 million in bonds to expand or build. The bonds, administered by the state and given to counties, allowed for the construction of the eye center, a women’s care center and the expansion of an airport facility for a growing defense contractor. The companies’ ability to tap the federal Recovery Zone Facility Bonds, said Troxell, “reduced their cost of borrowing by more than 1.5 percentage points. It allowed them to move forward on a project in a tough economic climate that they may not have been able to do if they did not get the rate.” Recovery zone bonds, whose return to investors who buy

them is exempt from taxes, were part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, shorthanded as the government’s stimulus program, launched in 2009. About $15 billion in bond authority was divvied up among the states with an eye toward helping small communities hit hard by the economic downturn. The Obama administration’s new budget includes a new effort to spur economic development in hard-hit areas. President Barack Obama proposes a new national competition to be designated a “Growth Zone,” similar to the “Race to the Top” contest for federal education money. Communities or regions would submit rigorous plans to compete for “Growth Zone” status. Twenty “Growth Zones” would be created, 14 urban and six rural. Winners would, over five years, divide $2.5 billion in tax credits for employers who hire and invest in these areas. “There’s no question that in a tough budgetary environment, this type of economic development work is more challenging. But I think you see in tough

economic times, the demand for it goes up a lot,” said Jason Furman, the deputy director of the president’s National Economic Council. The “Growth Zones” would replace congressionally designed Empowerment Zones, launched in 1994, which benefited communities as diverse as Miami; Fresno, Calif.; and Columbia, S.C. These zones grew partly out of efforts by the late Jack Kemp, a former GOP congressman and secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development from 1989 to 1993. While bond programs have proved helpful for Hagerstown and other communities, they’re not a panacea for economic development. The issue for those in the trenches of development remains jobs, jobs, jobs. In many cases, lenders want to lend but few companies are borrowing. Some analysts worry that the urgency to create jobs generates the risk of poor decisions. A recent research paper by John Silvia, the chief economist for Wells Fargo Securities

by Dan PARisi Business Writer Over the past two years we have seen markets rebound from the worst financial crisis our generation will ever see. We have seen the S&P 500 and Dow Jones Industrial Average rebound to pre-recession levels. Commodities like gold and cotton are trading at all-time highs, and the Federal Reserve continues to pump billions of dollars into treasury markets to fuel the rally. Gross Domestic Product was 3.2 percent in the fourth quarter of 2011 and looks to continue to rise. Everything seems perfect right? It may have felt that way at the beginning of the week but in the past two days we have seen a different story. Between Tuesday, Feb. 22 and Wednesday, Feb. 23, the DJIA and S&P 500 fell over two percent each, and the Nasdaq Composite saw a decline of over three percent. The CBOE Volatility Index, which measures fear in the markets, has risen over 27 percent, its biggest two day increase since May of last year. With Lybia’s violent uprising creating

Courtesy of MCT Campus

BULLS LOSE steam as political unrest causes geopolitical concerns for financial investors.

is true that that number has come down from 9.8 percent just a few months before, but for the month of January only 36,000 jobs were created. Also, the Fed will be finishing up with their $600 billion treasury buyback program in June, testing our economy’s selfsustainability, and people still forget that Europe still has not even come close to recovering from their sovereign debt crisis. High inflation in emerging markets and increasing interest rates in countries like China, Brazil and India will continue to weigh down the global economy. This is not the end of the world. No one is calling for another crisis or even the possibility of a double dip, but bears spread like the plague. First one person bets against the market, then before you know it there is a plethora of put volumes (option plays betting that the market will go down) that outweigh call volumes (thinking the market will go up). Then, only one thing occurs: panic. This is basically what we have seen over the past two days, and we all can only hope that the grass is greener tomorrow. Or at least your stock portfolio.

in Charlotte, N.C., warned that there should be more attention to measurement of the costs and benefits of economic development. He pointed to $260 million in incentives that North Carolina offered in 2005 to land a Dell manufacturing plant in Winston-Salem; the plant closed four years later. “Oftentimes we make estimates on what we think the impact is. Is there any postmortem on what actually did happen?” asked Silvia, adding that “most people would be very surprised that a lot of these projects are never accounted for after the fact. We never ask, ‘Why isn’t it making money? What happened to the original estimates?’” Silvia recommends claw-back language in contracts with development consultants, holding them accountable if they miss the mark for jobs promised. “If you don’t generate the 2,000 jobs, do we get your consulting fee back?” Silvia asked. “There is a tremendous interest in just not looking at what is going on. We really need to go back and look at how we are spending the money.”

Economic development most difficult when most needed Have you COMMENTARY BY Kevin G. Hall MCT Campus On a cold winter’s afternoon, construction workers laid pipe for what will be an eye clinic in this crossroads city nestled in a narrow stretch between West Virginia and Pennsylvania. For local economic development officials here, it was a rare win; for them, these are the toughest of tough times. The project was possible thanks to special bonds issued as part of the broad federal effort to stimulate the moribund U.S. economy. Across the nation, counties and cities are fighting to attract a small number of potential employers while U.S. corporations sit on more than $two trillion in cash, awaiting clearer signs of economic normalcy before spending it to expand and hire. “It is a challenge,” acknowledged Timothy Troxell, the executive director of the Hagerstown-Washington County Economic Development Commission. “I don’t have as many

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Science Tech 12


Catherine Erbicella Science & Technology Editor

eTextbooks new trend among publishers by catherine erbicella Sci/Tech Editor

The popularity of iPads and iPhones continues to grow as we head into a new semester and a new year. Since all this new technology is making our daily lives easier, why not have it make our school work easier too? The answer to this question is where CourseSmart comes into play. Founded in 2007, CourseSmart is the world’s largest provider of digital textbooks. According to its website, its library includes over 90 percent of the core textbooks in use today, being catalogued as eTextbooks. They are available in both online and downloadable formats. To bring as many options to its student consumers as possible, CourseSmart has formed partnerships with many popular publishing companies, such as Pearson, Cengage Learning, McGraw-Hill Education, John Wiley and Sons and Macmillan. Upon searching the textbook catalogue, I found that four of the five textbooks that I am currently using were available to purchase as eTextbooks. On its website, CourseSmart lists benefits that students can gain from using eTextbooks. The company guarantees savings, claiming that CourseSmart eTextbooks can cost, on average, 60 percent less than the retail price of the new printed book. If the potential savings are not enough to have you considering eTextbooks, maybe the convenience will have you sold on the concept. Following purchase and

courtesy of mct campus

DIGITAL TEXTBOOKS are becoming more readily available as companies, like CourseSmart, provide student consumers with more titles.

subscription to the site, the eTextbooks can be accessed instantly, regardless of the time of day. In terms of features, the books support full text and partial section searches, copy and paste features, compatibility with most word processing programs and the ability to print only what is needed from any place in the book. CourseSmart also provides access to eResources and digital course materials, available instantly. CourseSmart also provides student consumers with the choice of formats that can be compatible with a variety of computers and portable devices, such as the iPad, the iPhone and the iPod Touch. These eTextbooks also allow students to take notes and highlight passages in the text, while still maintaining the physical appearance of a printed book, complete with identical pagination and an

uncompromised page layout. On its website, CourseSmart explained the formatting details of its online and downloadable formats. The online format requires an internet connection to use it; whereas, the downloadable version does not, for it is saved on the device onto which you put it. The online format does not require any software installation. However, the downloadable format does. Access to eTextbooks is unlimited, so long as your subscription has not expired or been cancelled. In short, without a current subscription, you are left without your eTextbook. To be able to read CourseSmart’s materials on the iPad, iPhone and iPod Touch, you need to establish an internet connection, regardless of the format of the eTextbook. CourseSmart outlines, on its website, that the downloadable format is not accessible without an

internet connection on the aforementioned devices, while also noting that notes and highlighting cannot sync. CourseSmart offers the applications for free to read the eTextbooks on these devices. CourseSmart does have a return policy for its online format of eTextbooks, so long as the return occurs within 14 days of purchase, assuming that no more than 20 percent of the material has been viewed or printed, and it is not already been previously purchased by the same consumer. Also, if you already viewed the access code for the eResources and accompanying materials, then you are unable to return the purchase. These guidelines are probably in response to copyright laws for the publishing companies. Also, due to the nature of the format, any downloadable eTextbooks are unable to be returned. As previously mentioned, CourseSmart also offers eResources to accompany the eTextbook. These features are interactive online resources, available for use on any computer or web-enabled device, provided that one has a subscription. CourseSmart claims that most subscriptions provide access for 12 months. Some features of eResources include links to other content-related sites, online homework and quiz practice, as well as interactive simulations and video content. Maybe next fall we will see more eTextbooks and iPad in the classrooms. Then again, paper books have been going strong since the earliest “books” were created, presumably in the first to fourth centuries. Only time will tell if the popularity of portable devices will take over the textbook market.

This week in the sky: Astronomy forecast for Feb. 24-26 by catherine erbicella Sci/Tech Editor On Thursday, Feb. 24, after the last-quarter Moon rises around 2 or 3 a.m. Friday morning, look to its right for Antares and the head of Scorpius. Antares is a red supergiant star in Scorpius, also known as the constellation Scorpio. They're high in the south by dawn. On Friday, Feb. 25, by 8 or 9 p.m. this week, the Big Dipper has risen to the same height in the northeast as that of Cassiopeia, which is descending into the northwest. Their seasonal dominance is reversing, which means spring is on the way. Cassioepia is found by its distinctive “W” shape formed by five bright stars. The Big Dipper is composed of the seven brightest stars of Ursa Major, the Great Bear. On Saturday, Feb. 26, after dinnertime at this time of year, four big carnivore constellations are on the march in a row from northeast to south. They're all seen in profile with their noses pointed up and their feet (if any) to the right: Ursa Major in the northeast, with the Big Dipper as his brightest part, Leo in the east, Hydra in the southeast, and Canis Major in the south. Ursa Major is also known as the Great Bear, while Leo is the lion, Hydra is the sea serpent and Canis Major is the Great Dog. Information provided by www.

First cosmic census yields preliminary planet count Video Game Review with Sean:


by catherine erbicella Sci/Tech Editor Science has certainly come a long way since thinking that the Earth was the center of the universe. Today, scientists have conducted the first cosmic census of the planets in our galaxy, to find at least 50 billion planets, besides the Earth, that call the Milky Way home. According to the Associated Press, the numbers are the results gathered by NASA’s Kepler telescope, which is responsible for finding planets in the vast region known as the night sky. The telescope detected about 500 million planets, of the 50 billion mentioned above, are in the intermediate zone that could possibly support life. But the Kepler telescope only observed about 54 of them in this zone, with about 1,200 more observed as possible candidates for supporting life. The Kepler telescope works by spotting planets as they pass between Earth and the star that the planets may orbit, akin to the Earth orbiting around it star, the Sun. In order to estimate the number of stars to be observed, scientists took the number of planets found in the first year from a segment of the night sky and

by sean hogya Staff Writer

courtsy of mct campus

THE STAR count for the Milky Way Galaxy is said to be in the hundreds of millions of stars.

consequently estimated the number of stars that could have planets orbiting them. The main purpose of the telescope is to help scientists to estimate the number of potentially habitable planets is likely to be in our galaxy. They use about one-four-hundredth of the night sky at which Kepler is observing. Scientists estimate that about one in every two stars has planets, and about one in every 200 stars has planets that are potentially habitable. In order to estimate the total number of planets, scientists took the previously observed frequencies of plan-

ets and applied it to the number of stars in the Milky Way galaxy. This ratio is at a minimum because said stars can have more than one planet orbiting them. These planets could be further away from the star, like Earth is to the Sun, and Kepler has not quite captured them out that far yet. The Kepler telescope has a tough job out there, for it is estimated that about 100 to 300 billion stars reside in the Milky Way, which is just one galaxy. Scientists guess that there are about 100 billion galaxies out there in the vast night sky.

Electronic Arts jumps into the first-person shooter genre this week when it releases the highly anticipated “Bulletstorm.” Teaming up with Epic Games, the studio behind the “Gears of War” trilogy, EA has captivated the national stage with its newest release. “Bulletstorm” is being heralded as a break from the monotony of today’s first-person shooters. In contrast to popular titles, “Bulletstorm” not only asks players to get kills, but go further. Destructible environments and the vast array of weaponry at your disposal allow you to take down your enemies in creative and exciting ways. To make the game even more interesting, Epic has designated a point value to each creative kill. Finish your enemies with flair and you’ll earn enough points to climb the online leader boards. Use your points to unlock new skills or weapons. The choice is yours.

We’re not talking about headshots here, either. Send your enemies sailing through the air into traps of spikes and energy to pump your score up. Figure out new ways to use your weapons and the benefit will be even greater. In addition to your weapons players are given an “energy whip.” With this whip you can not only incapacitate enemies, but send them into slow-motion, or “bullet-time.” These advantages allow gamers of all skill levels to tear through maps at break neck speeds, dealing out plenty of pain to their hideous enemies on the way. By completing levels quickly, in addition to creatively, players will earn even more points. If the demo is any indication, than fans are in for a real treat. While the playable level available on XBOX Live is both profane, and at times juvenile, it is not lacking in fun or playability. If you’re tired of the same run of the mill shooters you’ve been playing for years then download the demo for “Bulletstorm” and “kill with skill.”

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THE Aquinas


Thursday, february 24, 2011


Andrew Milewski Faith Editor Amanda Murphy Co-Editor

Pope John Paul II to be beatified in May By W. Ryan Schuster Staff Writer The Vatican has announced the schedule of events for the late Pope John Paul II’s beatification ceremonies, to be held in May. On May 1, Divine Mercy Sunday, Pope Benedict XVI will preside over the beatification Mass in St. Peter’s Square. Immediately following, John Paul’s casket will be on display for the veneration of the faithful. The following day, Vatican secretary of state Tarcisio Cardinal Bertone will preside over a Mass of Thanksgiving in St. Peter’s Square. This announcement follows the Jan. 14 approval of a miracle attributed to the late Pontiff, the final criterion necessary for beatification. Beatification, the step before sainthood, gives a deceased person the title “Blessed.” The process normally begins at least five years after the person’s death, but Pope Benedict waived this requirement in the case of John Paul II. Beginning in his or her local diocese, the Church rigorously investigates the life and writings of the future saint to determine if they exemplified Catholic virtue in a heroic manner. At this point the person receives the title “Servant of God.” Once the diocese completes its investigation, the case moves on to the Vatican’s Congregation for the Causes of Saints, where it is subject to the examination of theologians, bishops and cardinals. If the Congregation judges fa-

Courtesy of Wikimedia

FORMER PRESIDENT George W. Bush, former First Lady Laura Bush, former Presidents Bush and Clinton, and former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, pay their respects to John Paul II lying in state at St. Peter’s in 2006.

vorably, the cause moves on to the Holy Father, who will issue a declaration of the Servant’s virtue. At this point, the requirements for beatification require the presentation of evidence of a miracle through the Servant of God’s intercession. Traditionally these miracles involve healings, which the Church requires to be complete, instantaneous, durable and inexplicable medically or scientifically. The Church uses miracles as a criterion for sainthood based on the definition of saint: a person whom the Church recognizes as being in heaven and worthy of emulation. If a miracle occurs as a result of some-

one’s intercession, it implies that that person is in heaven and thus able to intercede with God. The Church conducts an investigation into the miracle, calling in its own medical and scientific experts and skeptics in an attempt to explain the miracle naturally and thus render it unsuitable for the Servant of God’s cause. If the miracle defies these attempts to disprove it, the Pope issues a second degree proclaiming the miracle and declaring the person “blessed,” thus completing the beatification process. If a second miracle occurs after the beatification and passes the same verification process, the

Students listen to religious dialogue By Colleen Tyrrell Staff Writer On Feb. 21 two different forms of faith, Islam and Christianity, came together in Brennan Hall to establish common ground through dialogue. The University held a lecture that successfully built a bridge of understanding between the two religions. Father Paolo dall’Oglio from Syria delivered his lecture, titled “In Love with Islam, Believing in Jesus,” which explored the similarities and the meshing of the two forms of faith. Father Paolo attended Jesuit Schools and he became interested in new cultures and religious traditions including Islam. This interest sparked an idea to head to Syria to establish a relationship and deeper understanding between Islam and Christianity. Father Paolo also helped to establish a monastery in Damascus, Syria whose mission is to improve the relationship between Islam and Christian followers. The monastery, built in the sixth century B.C., hugs the surrounding mountains. The monks who currently reside at the monastery are responsible for for growth of the environment as well as the upkeep.

There are two monasteries located on the scenic mountainside and there is an archaeological sight located near one of the monasteries. Many people travel to visit the sight each year hoping to gain a new understanding of Islamic and Christian beliefs and values. The monastery strives to educate and provide new knowledge to every visitor about the relationship between Islam and Christianity. A way to establish a stronger bond between the two faiths is through dialogue with one another. “Dialogue begins in the center of the heart,” one man in a documentary aired at the beginning of the lecture said. Father Paolo explained that dialogue is a way to connect with and understand another. The monastery promotes this dialogue and opening one’s heart to listen. It is a natural human instinct and it brings people together. Dialogue helps one overcome obstacles and gain a new perception of an individual. It is also a step in Islamic harmony building. Dialogue has the ability to express one’s emotions, ideas, and concerns in a harmonious way. The dialogue between

Christianity and Islam has allowed many of each of the faith’s followers develop a new insight on other’s and thier own beliefs. According to Father Paolo, religious vocation is dialogue and without it, we never gain a full understanding of one another. One of the monastery’s main concern is to illustrate the concept of hospitality. In the Muslim faith there is only one commandment, which is hospitality. One strives to receive God in their guest and in return give God to their guest. One struggles to follow in the footsteps of Abraham, who embodies the idea of hospitality. Christianity, on the other hand, has two commandments according to Father Paolo. Christians try to love ourselves and one another. Both forms of faith attempt to show respect for ourselves and to others. The bond between Islam and Christianity continues to grow and the monastery in Damascus strives to make this bond stronger. The two faiths have similar goals and aim to be closer to God and to one another. By understanding and accepting these all of the unique forms of faith, the world is a step closer to religious harmony.

person is canonized and earns the title “Saint.” In the case of Pope John Paul II, diocesan-level investigations occurred from June 2005, just two months after his death, to April 2007. The Congregation for the Causes of Saints approved these proceedings in a decree on May 4, 2007. In June 2009 a panel of nine theologians ruled in favor of the virtues of the late Pope, and in November of the same year, the cardinals of the Congregation approved his case. On Dec. 19, 2009, Pope Benedict promulgated the Decree of heroic virtue. The miracle approved on Jan. 14 is the unexplained heal-

ing of French nun Sister Marie Simon-Pierre Normand. Sister Marie was diagnosed with an aggressive form of Parkinson’s disease in 2001, and began to pray to Pope John Paul II after his death. One night in June 2005, she reportedly wrote the late pope’s name on a piece of paper before going to bed and woke the next morning cured. Earlier this year, media reports suggested that Sister Marie’s illness had returned, and one physician raised the possibility of a disease other than Parkinson’s. However, the pope’s declaration indicates that the Vatican has cleared away these doubts. Pope John Paul II’s beatification places his life before us as a model of Christian virtue. Born Karol Wojtyla in Wadowice, Poland in 1920, he entered the seminary in secret in 1942, when Poland was under Nazi rule. He was ordained a priest on Nov. 1, 1946 and completed his doctorate in theology two years later. Consecrated a bishop in 1958, Wojtyla became Archbishop of Krakow in 1964. As a member of the College of Cardinals, he participated in the Second Vatican Council. He was elected pope Oct. 16, 1978. As Supreme Pontiff, he completed over one hundred pastoral visits outside of Italy, more than any previous Pope. He wrote 14 encyclicals, 15 apostolic exhortations, 11 apostolic constitutions and 45 apostolic letters. His spirituality and particular devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary are renowned.

Mass Schedule Monday-Friday 12:05 p.m. & 4:40 p.m. Chapel of the Sacred Heart Sacrament of Reconciliation Monday-Friday 11:30 a.m. Chapel of the Sacred Heart, Reconciliation Room Sunday 11 a.m., 7 p.m. & 9:30 p.m. Madonna Della Strada Chapel Rock Hall, 419 Monroe Ave.

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Melo returns home

Courtesy of MCT campus

CARMELO ANTHONY returns to the state where he was born after a blockbuster trade sent him and Denver Nuggets teammates Chauncey Billups, Anthony Carter, Renaldo Balkman and Sheldon Williams to the New York Knicks. The Nuggets received Wilson Chandler, Raymond Felton, Danilo Gallinari and Timofey Mozgov from the Knicks. Anthony played at Madison Square Garden when he went to Syracuse University.

BY CHARLES F. GARDNER McClatchy Newspapers NEW YORK — Melo-mania is in full swing in the Big Apple. Yes, the New York Knicks finally have landed star forward Carmelo Anthony, acquired in a megadeal with the Denver Nuggets. And he is expected to make his Knicks debut Wednesday night when they play the Milwaukee Bucks at Madison Square Garden. But there was no official word from the Knicks late Tuesday about Anthony’s availability, and all players involved in the deal must pass physicals. The average ticket price in the secondary market for Wednesday’s game has tripled since the news broke about Anthony’s arrival. Two courtside seats have been sold for more than $2,500 apiece, according to one report. And Carnegie Deli already has come out with a “Melo Sandwich,” featuring pastrami, corned beef, salami, bacon and tomato on rye bread. The Bucks might be the only ones not that excited about seeing Anthony in a Knicks uniform. They just faced him one week

ago, when he was still in a Denver jersey, and he scored 38 points and grabbed 12 rebounds while leading the Nuggets to a 94-87 victory at the Bradley Center. It turned out to be Anthony’s last game wearing the Denver blue. “It’s tough to play a player of his caliber because he makes a team so much better,” Bucks forward Luc Richard Mbah a Moute said. “It’s his ability to score, and he does it in different ways.” “But it’s fun. That’s what we play the game for, to go against the best. Every time you go against the best, it’s an opportunity to show you can compete. It’s a different team, New York and Denver. It’s just not him. There’s Amare [Stoudemire] and other guys we need to contain.” Stoudemire welcomed Anthony on Tuesday and said he thought the pairing could work. “Every team needs a 1, 1A punch,” Stoudemire said, who signed as a free agent with New York last July. Stoudemire is the league’s second-leading scorer at 26.1 points per game and Anthony ranks sixth at 25.2. “It’s what he wants,” Stoudemire told reporters. “It’s what I

wanted, to come to New York and play on the big stage. He has the same type of swag. This is what he wants and he can handle it. We’re going to do it together.” The Knicks also obtained veteran point guard Chauncey Billups in the trade and added Shelden Williams, Anthony Carter and Renaldo Balkman from the Nuggets. They picked up forward Corey Brewer from Minnesota. Billups scored 20 points against the Bucks on Wednesday, including a late-game three-pointer that gave Denver a lead it held the rest of the way. He replaces Raymond Felton, who was traded by the Knicks to Denver along with Danilo Gallinari, Wilson Chandler, Timofey Mozgov, a 2014 first-round pick and a pair of second-round picks. The Knicks (28-26) currently are in the sixth playoff position. But if Anthony signs the three-year, $65 million contract extension he is expected to receive from New York, the deal is as much about the future as it is the current season. New York may have limited salary flexibility, however, if a new collective bargaining agreement contains a hard cap or a significant salary cap reduction, as the

owners are pursuing. On Wednesday it figures to be a glitzy night with Melo’s introduction to the Garden crowd while the Bucks try hard to spoil the party. “He’s a good player, no matter where he is,” Mbah a Moute said. “We’ll have to contain him. But it’s the other things we can control, like our game, our pace, the way we defend, the way we play offensively. Because we’re not playing against Carmelo; we’re playing against the Knicks.” Bucks coach Scott Skiles used Carlos Delfino to defend Anthony at the start of the game last week. Mbah a Moute got the assignment late in the third quarter and throughout the final quarter. But Mbah a Moute might get more Anthony duty Wednesday with the return of power forward Ersan Ilyasova, who missed the Nuggets game due to a right eye contusion. “He got into it early,” Mbah a Moute said of Anthony, who sank 10 of 15 shots in the first half against the Bucks. “When a player like that gets going early, he’s hard to guard and hard to slow down. I tried my best against him and made it tough on him. But still he found ways to get it done.”

Want to write for the sports section? men’s basketball 2/26 Landmark Conference Championship TBA

UpcomiNg games

Women’s Lacrosse 3/2 Haverford 4 p.m. 3/8 @Montclair St. 7 p.m.

Women’s basketball 2/26 Landmark Conference Championship TBA

baseball 3/6 Albright 12 p.m. 3/8 Baptist Bible 3:30 p.m.


“kopecki” CONTINUED FROM PAGE SIXTEEN Kopecki took after her brother and sister and started playing basketball in third grade. “My dad was a Division I baseball player so he was always encouraging us to stay active in sports,” Kopecki said. “I’ve played every sport in the book, but basketball just stuck with me.” Kopecki joined the Lady Royals her freshman year in 2007 and is proud of her team’s accomplishments and what her teammates have been able to overcome during her four years playing for Scranton. “I’ve seen new people come in each year and learn exactly what it means to be a Lady Royal,” Kopecki said. “Our program is based off of tradition and everyone works so hard to be in that Scranton uniform.” Kopecki’s greatest memory as a Lady Royal came during the 200809 season when Scranton traveled to Rodchester and defeated York College in the Sweet 16 of the NCAA Division III Tournament. “We played together to beat a top 10 team in the nation,” Kopecki said. “After we won we rushed the court in celebration.” Off the court, Kopecki majors in business management and hopes to get a job working in sales or management in New York City. She also likes to hang out with her family and friends. This includes her teammates, who Kopecki considers as both. “We’re like one big family,” Kopecki said. “We spend more time with one another than anyone else and have such a fun time together. We’re always laughing and cracking jokes on one another.” The #2 Lady Royals defeated #3 Moravian College 64-49 in the semifinals of the Landmark Conference Tournament Wednesday. The Lady Royals will face the winner of the semifinal game between #1 Juniata College and #4 Catholic University Saturday. “Of course we would rather be in first place, but we take what we can get and were going to run with it,” Kopecki said. “I’m just happy to still be playing in the post-season, not every team is still playing.”

“w b-ball” CONTINUED FROM PAGE SIXTEEN The Lady Royals now travel to face top-seeded Juniata in Saturday’s championship game. “This is where we’re supposed to be, this is what we’ve worked for all season,” King said. “We really played together as a team tonight and came away with a win.” Scranton lost both of its meetings against Juniata this season, including a 68-67 overtime defeat Feb. 12. “We know we can defeat either one of those teams. If the kids play like they played tonight, we can get another conference championship,” Strong said.

Strong to stay Editor’s Note Lady Royals head coach Mike Strong said that he wants to coach past this year after Scranton’s 6449 victory in the Landmark Conference semifinals Wednesday night. “At one time I thought maybe I would not coach after the seniors leave, but I feel better about coaching and I’m going to stay,” Strong said. Strong is currently in his 31st season as head coach of the Lady Royals and won his 750th game earlier this season.

Men’s Lacrosse 2/26 DeSales 1 p.m. 3/1 Farmingdale 4 p.m.


THE Aquinas




Men’s baskbetball survives Lady Royals advance to final Megan Kopecki feature ALSO INCLUDED Anthony traded to New York Knicks

Royals advance in OT BY JOHN LUND Sports Editor Close games can usually be measured by which team fared the best at the free throw line down the stretch, with the winning team often coming out on top and putting the game away. But, for the Royals, pure grit and determination were the major factors in their final outcome. The Royals needed overtime to win a hard fought battle against fourth-seeded Merchant Marine Academy 74-71 Wednesday night in the John Long Center. With the win the Royals advance to the Landmark Conference championship. Senior guard Luke Hawk led the way for the Royals with 26 points, while senior Zach Ashworth and sophomore Travis Farrel added 17 and 16 points, respectively. Scranton managed to secure a lead early on in the first half and held on to the slim margin late into the game, but never led by more than six points in the second half. As the second half reached its half-way point, Scranton’s student section finally came to life and may have given the Royals a small boost of confidence heading into the final minutes. The Royals led by six with a minute remaining in the game after a jumper by Farrell and a layup by Hawk. Merchant Marine fired back with a layup, but two Farrell free throws put the lead back to six. After a free throw and jumper by senior Matt Hueber, the Mariners cut the lead to one with a layup by senior Richard Roach. Scranton was only able to convert one of two free throws after a foul and led by two with 19 seconds remaining. A loose ball after a Mer-

Puneet Dhillon / photographer

SENIOR GUARD Zach Ashworth drives across half court against the United States Merchant Marine Academy Wednesday in the semifinal round of the Landmark Conference Tournament. Ashworth scored 17 points in the Royals’ 74-71 overtime victory.

chant Marine layup gave the ball to the Mariners under the basket with 1.8 seconds left in the game. Rather than go for a three and the win, the Mariners elected for a lob pass to Hueber in the paint who connected on the floater to send the game into overtime, tied 66-66. Hueber finished with 23 points, while senior Tom Izzo also added 23 for Merchant Marine, who outscored the Royals in the paint 54-

28. In overtime, the Royals found themselves trailing for the first time since the early part of the first half, but managed to tie the score at 70 with another layup from Hawk with about two minutes remaining. Both teams traded free throws before a jumper by Ashworth put the Royals up 73-71. The Royals turned it over after eating some clock, but this time

Lavelle provided Scranton with a spark off the bench several times throughout the game, with several key plays on both the offensive and defensive end of the floor. Lavelle finished with 11 points, four steals and four assists for the Royals. The Royals will face Catholic University Saturday at the John Long Center at a time to be announced.

Lady Royals cruise to finals

Kopecki shines for Scranton

by conor foley Editor-in-Chief

By joe baress Sports Editor Senior guard Megan Kopecki leads the Lady Royals into the finals of Landmark Conference Tournament as she will try to capture her third conference title in her final season. Kopecki earned Landmark Conference Rookie of the Year and two conference player of the year awards, and supplanted herself in Scranton’s record books during her illustrious career. “Meg provides a lot to the team, including leadership and the ability to carry the team on her shoulders at times,” Lady Royals coach Mike Strong said. “She not only scores but also rebounds, handles the ball and has a high number of steals and assists.” The 22-year-old guard from Millington, N.J. is tied with Scran-

it was the Mariners who couldn’t find the basket on two free throws and a three pointer and were forced to foul with seven seconds left. Hawk sank one of two free throws to secure the three point win for the Royals, 74-71. Merchant Marine outrebounded the Royals (44-35) and committed fewer turnovers (22-16), but were unable to find an answer for the Royals. Sophomore Tim

T.J. Heinz / Photographer

SENIOR GUARD Megan Kopecki tied Scranton’s all-time steals record Wednesday in the Landmark Conference semifinals. Kopecki has earned her place in the Lady Royals record books.

ton’s all-time steals leader, Jennifer Nish, who played from 1993-1997. Kopecki is also fifth all-time in total points and eighth in total assists in Lady Royals history. Despite her individual accomplishments, Kopecki cares more about the team’s success, according to

Strong. “Meg’s greatest traits are her toughness and willingness to work hard without caring much about individual awards,” Strong said.

See “KOPECKI,” Page 15

A balanced scoring effort and shutdown defense helped lead the Lady Royals past Moravian College 64-49 Wednesday night at the Long Center in the semifinal round of the Landmark Conference playoffs. Alison Sweeney came off the bench to lead the Lady Royals — who opened the game on a 16-5 run — with 15 points, while Jennifer King and Taylor Pallotta added 14 points apiece. “We were pumped. We were ready to play tonight,” Lady Royals head coach Mike Strong said. Scranton’s stingy defense held Moravian to a 30.8 field goal percentage in the first half and kept the Lady Greyhounds off the scoreboard for the first 4:30 of the game. On the offensive side of the ball, six 3-point baskets paced the Lady Royals in the first half, including five in the final six minutes of the period. King led all first half scorers with 11 points, including three 3-pointers. “I try to do anything that I can at this point,” King, a senior, said.

“I don’t want to graduate with regrets. I’m going to leave anything I have out there.” Despite Scranton taking a 34-19 lead into the half, the game was not out of reach for Moravian, who held Lady Royals’ top regularseason scorer Megan Kopecki to two points in the first half. The Lady Greyhounds opened the second half with a 15-5 run that was capped off by a twopoint jumper from Alexandra Blair with 12:29 remaining in the game, cutting the Lady Royals’ lead to 39-34. “That’s one of the things we talked about at halftime — they were going to give us a run and we had to be ready to respond,” Strong said. “We knew we had to absorb whatever punch they gave us.” Sweeney led the Lady Royals’ response, scoring nine of the team’s next 19 points. “Sweeney has been doing it for a number of games now,” Strong said. “She has a scorer’s mentality and she is getting better and better as a player. We’re to the point where we’re depending on Sweeney.”

See “W B-BALL,” Page 15

The Aquinas -- February 24, 2011  
The Aquinas -- February 24, 2011  

The Student Voice of the University of Scranton