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the Economy


St. Thomas University’s Official Student Paper

November 15, 2011 - Volume 76 Issue 9

Province serving up wage changes Student waitress disagrees with possible minimum wage system that would have tip workers earning less Stephanie Kelly The Aquinian

Deandra Doyle will never forget when a plate of nachos ruined her day. “I had a customer yell at me full volume in front of the whole restaurant and it just absolutely mortified me and in the end, it wasn’t my mistake, but you’re the face that people see when there’s something wrong with their food.” Doyle knows the ups and downs of waitressing better than most. The STU

student has been doing it for seven years. She is just one server in the province who may experience a wage freeze. The provincial government is conducting a survey to ask if there should be a separate minimum wage for servers who earn tips. It’s called tip differential, which means when minimum wage increases, server’s wages will stay the same. Minimum wage in New Brunswick, which is $9.50 an hour, is supposed to

rise to $10 an hour in April. Doyle has served at banquets, golf courses and pubs and said it’s not fair to assume all waitresses earn good tips. “Right now, I’m at a very good establishment. I do pretty well for myself, but I also worked at a breakfast place where I’d work an eight or nine hour shift and would maybe come out with $40.” Doyle doesn’t agree with setting a separate wage for servers and said you have to know the restaurant business before you can understand how a

server’s job works. “Sometimes you don’t serve at all. At a lot of places, you have to take turns doing things like expediting, so setting up the food…and other nights you are a hostess, so you don’t even seat tables. You don’t actually serve them, so you don’t make any tips.” Luc Erjavec is the vice-president atlantic for the Canadian Restaurant and Foodservices Association, a company that represents businesses in the country’s food service industry.

Though some are calling the proposed change “two-tiered,” Erjavec said this isn’t the case, because the province already has different rates for minimum wage. “To say ‘this is a big change, we’re going to have more than one minimum wage,’ is kind of ridiculous, because for farm workers in the province, there’s no minimum wage, so it’s not really a fair assessment.” SEE PEOPLE ON PAGE 4

Student Life

From right to left: Professor Matte Robinson, Captain Jamie Donovan, senior public affairs officer at CFB Gagetown, Brett Jardine, Sabrina Lafleur, Brandon Mazerall, Rosalynn Alessi, Ryland Davies and Alan Irvine line-up for the “Last Post” during the Nov. 10 Remembrance Day ceremony on campus. (Shane Magee/AQ)

Living in two worlds


STU students try to balance military duties with school Shane Magee The Aquinian

Last December, with final exams underway, Cpl. Cal LaKing left behind his text books and picked up an assault rifle. The fourth-year psychology student at St. Thomas University spent eight days in Goose Bay, Labrador learning how to survive and keep working when temperatures dip below 30 C. “It was very good experience for me since it was only my second time working with the actual infantry, going out and doing my job in the field. I slept next to them, I was running the communications for them,” said LaKing, a reservist in the 722 Communication Squadron based in

Saint John. His job and school conflicted, which meant then associate registrar Karen Preston had to rearrange his exam schedule. Even then, LaKing said transitioning from military life to university life takes getting used to. “The way you carry yourself as a soldier is very respectful, very professional. You’re noticed wherever you go. In a civilian mall, people watch you, they know you’re there,” said LaKing. “When you step back as a student, you realize that you still have to carry yourself in a professional manner, but that people aren’t watching you. It’s not a hard transition, it’s just a strange one.” A handful of St. Thomas University students like LaKing are in the Canadian

Forces. Many train once during the week and every second weekend. “It requires one day a week, but they’re completely understanding of being a student. Tonight [Friday], for example, I’m going to miss work because I have school work to do,” LaKing said. There are also weekends spent on the shooting range. In the summer, there are usually fulltime courses to refine their skills. After his father joined the military, LaKing saw it was a good way to make money and get experience. But school has always been the top priority for him. SEE TRANSITIONING ON PAGE 3

The AQ’s Chris Morehouse reflects on his transition from the St. Louis Blues to the STU Tommies. (Tom Bateman/AQ)


From the Editor

The politics behind the poppy

It was another busy journalism class and, once again, Jan Wong had a lot to fit into the day’s lesson. “And before I forget,” she said at the beginning of class, “We need to talk about poppies.” Everyone stopped in their tracks. I raised my eyebrows and looked towards our web editor Shane Magee, one of the few people I know who seems to have a poppy for every shirt. Jan proceeded to tell the class that it was okay if we wore a poppy for personal reasons, but we shouldn’t as journalists. What? I suddenly felt embarrassed and awkward for the poppy I had strategically stuck through the fabric of the

zipper on my leather coat. “A poppy is a symbol,” she proceeded to say, and as objective journalists, we shouldn’t wear one. I think most of my classmates were as shocked as I was – after all, television journalists always wear poppies on air – but no one spoke up. *** I’ve always known that objectivity is the foundation of journalism. As journalists, we have to be fair, accurate and avoid inserting opinions in our professional work (don’t worry, columns are different). A few weeks ago, Conor Friedersdorf of The Atlantic wrote about that in his article “Stop Forcing Journalists to Conceal Their Views From the Public.” Friedersdorf specifically

writes about freelance journalist Cailtin Curran, who was fired from her job with the NPR station WNYC for attending an Occupy Wall Street protest and holding a sign that, according to Friedersdorf, stated fact. Her boss called her up and fired her on the spot, saying she had violated “every ethic of journalism.” As a journalist, it was her job to prevent “the perception of bias” and she had failed. Friedersdorf touches on “The View from Nowhere,” a critique on journalism by NYU professor Jay Rosen. Rosen thinks it’s crazy, and in the end corrupting, for journalists to feign viewlessness, as if we don’t have opinions and we have to be neutral or else we’ll be fired, as in the case of Curran. Don’t get me wrong, journalists have to keep their biases out of their work. And yes, the last thing we want is to be judged by our ideology (that’s why most of us avoid things like protests). But why would “preventing

biases” be a rule if we didn’t recognize that journalists have opinions in the first place? *** In the last hour of laying out The Aquinian the week of Nov. 11, our photo editor Tom Bateman asked me if we were going to put a poppy on the front page. At first I thought this was a great idea. But then I froze. Jan Wong wouldn’t approve, I thought to myself. I replayed her reasoning in my head – objectivity, neutrality. I understood what she was saying, but I still couldn’t agree with her. We’re talking about a poppy, here. To me, it’s always a personal choice to wear a poppy. I don’t judge people if they do or don’t – although I do think you should. The poppy is a symbol – it is. It’s about remembering those who died for the two great wars of the 20th century and maybe it can translate to the wars of today and those, too, who have lost their lives. But it

doesn’t have to be about glorifying war or supporting all conflicts; it’s just about supporting the men and women who put their lives on the line or paid the ultimate sacrifice. After all, where would any of us be if it wasn’t for them? *** My brother joined the navy twoand-a-half years ago. He’s a communications technician, so he shouldn’t be caught in the line of fire, but you never know. It’s weird to see him in parades in Halifax, walking all straight and stern. But I’m also kind of proud when I do. I grew up attending Remembrance Day ceremonies and always thought I should. I continued the tradition when I moved to Fredericton four years ago. I’m not sure if it’s pride or sadness or even anger, but every year since my brother joined the forces, I can’t help but tear up on Nov. 11. But what’s wrong with that? Even for a journalist.

21 Pacey Drive, SUB, Suite 23 Fredericton, NB, E3B 5G3 Website: Twitter: @aquinian The Aquinian, St. Thomas University’s independent student paper, is student owned and operated. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the writer, and may not be representative of The Aquinian, its editors or the Board of Directors. For a full list of policies, please consult our website for more details. The Aquinian is a member of the Canadian University Press.

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Student Life

Transitioning from military to student life isn’t always easy Continued from page 1

Soldiers at the Fredericton Remembrance Day ceremony stand at attention. Some of the soldiers who serve at CFB Gagetown also attend STU. (Jordan MacDonald/AQ) “I can usually manage my school work through the week and I’m still able to do my job and go to school.” “They know you’re a student first,” said Sapper Rosalynn Alessi, a combat engineer in the reserves with 1 Engineer Squadron in Fredericton.

As a combat engineer, she does things like learning how to build bridges, working in the community using power tools and basic soldier skills. The third year interdisciplinary major in youth law is on the STU

rugby team and is a residence advisor at Rigby Hall. She agrees with LaKing that the military is understanding of student schedules. “I always leave [rugby] practice a little bit early, but I still have to get

into my uniform so I’ll be about 15 to 20 minutes late. I just tell them upfront and they’re good with that. If you can’t come in for training because you have a paper or something important is happening, as long as you let them know, they’re really good with it.” Like LaKing, she said the transition from military life to student life can be different. She did her basic military qualification course on the weekends last year between January and March while going to school the rest of the time. “I found it was difficult because you’re used to working with a structure and everyone doing what they’re told to do. Being an RA - last year in Holy Cross which wasn’t so bad during the times when there is more commotion I sometimes get frustrated because I’m telling someone to do something and they don’t,” she said. She said the main thing is deciding what you want to prioritize. “Some people play sports, some people volunteer all the time. I’m in the army. I don’t really see much of a difference from any other extracurricular activity,” she said.

*** It has been a busy few months for LaKing. He worked at Gagetown for five weeks, did a two week computer course, worked for three weeks in Kingston, Ont. and did a month of training in Nunavut. “Three days after I got back from Nunavut, I got married, so it was a really busy summer.” Now he’s back at STU studying psychology. Next year, he hopes to study either social work at STU or speech language pathology at Dalhousie University. Alessi has started looking at doing wilderness-based therapy as a job after she finishes school. “You work at camp with kids. You take troubled kids camping on a weekend or teach them to kayak or climb mountains.” But there’s no question about whether she’ll stay with the military. She’s looking into doing a tour overseas. “I’ll definitely stay as a reservist because I love my job as a reservist and combat engineer. It’s fun and you get to work with your community.”



Finding the right fit

The final decision on who will replace Lawrence Durling is about to be made

David Adams Richards wins lifetime of writing award

Richards is the university’s first artist-in-residence Shane Fowler The Aquinian

Lawrence Durling will step down from his post as vice-president administration and finance at the end of the semester. (Tom Bateman/AQ) Karissa Donkin The Aquinian

The search for a new vice-president finance and administration is in its final stage. University spokesman Jeffrey Carleton said candidates have been interviewed and the final decision is being made now. The university wants to have the new vice-president finance and administration in place by January. “They’re not in a position to make an announcement yet,” Carleton said. The six-member search committee held two town hall-style sessions in September for the university community to suggest what they’re looking for in a candidate. The feedback was used to change the search criteria the committee is using, Carleton said. St. Thomas University students’

union vice-president education Craig Mazerolle is representing students on the search committee. The sessions were well-attended by faculty and staff, but Carleton couldn’t say how many students attended as he wasn’t at the sessions. Lawrence Durling, who has been STU’s vice-president finance and administration since 1991, will leave his post at the end of this semester. He’s leaving to become vice-president finance at Atlantic Education International. The provincially-owned corporation deals with the recruitment of international students to New Brunswick high schools and the sale of New Brunswick school curriculum to other countries. Former interim president Dennis Cochrane also works for Atlantic Education International.

In a long line of darkened offices, only one is lit on a holiday weekend at St. Thomas University. Under that single light sits a large desk accompanying a bare bookshelf that rests against blank walls. The only objects on the desk are a pair of novels, an empty energy drink and Tim Hortons coffee with its companion, a greying man writing furiously on his computer. That coffee, just one of a possible 14 for the day, belongs to author David Adams Richards, STU’s artist-in-residence and one of the university’s most well-known former students. With 22 published books, hundreds of unpublished “secret” poems, and a lifetime dedicated to writing, the 61-year-old Miramichi native has been awarded the Writers’ Trust of Canada’s Matt Cohen Award for a lifetime of writing. “I started at 14 and never did anything else as long as I lived,” said Richards. “I did take tickets at a theatre three nights a week at one point, but other than [that], the only job I’ve ever had was writing.” The Matt Cohen Award is only the latest in Richards’ achievements. Although he wrote his first book in his early twenties, he was never awarded anything for his writing until the age of 38. Since then, he won “pretty much everything in Canada.” Along with being

David Adams Richards started writing at 14 years old. (Submitted) named to the Order of Canada, Richards is one of only three writers to have ever achieved dual Governor General’s awards for both fiction and non-fiction. Even his screenplays have netted him a pair of Geminis. “I’m delighted,” said Richards. “It’s encouraging to be recognized for something that I just do and have enormous fun doing. Especially because when I started it looked like I would never get one. “It’s encouraging and as a writer any encouragement is good. I once had a reader compliment me and then apologize saying that I probably get too many. I told her don’t be ridiculous.” Richards was quick to point out that

although awards are nice to get, they don’t really have an impact on what he writes. “I’m glad for them but they haven’t changed anything and it’s not going to. I have to write what I write.” Richards released a new book last month, Facing the Hunter. He has another awaiting publication for 2013 as well as 100 pages completed for another that he is hoping to finish next year. Currently, he is working on a screenplay for the Fredericton Playhouse focusing on the lives of the historic Beaverbrook family. “In life there are no guarantees. “But I guarantee I’ll be writing for the rest of my life.”


People have until Dec. 14 to weigh in on wage changes Continued from page 1

Though the proposal is in the early stages, if implemented, Erjavec said it wouldn’t affect all servers in the province. “We (CRFA) have been the main proponents and we would envision it as strictly for servers in licensed establishments.” He said introducing this system is necessary to help the province’s economic woes and will not only help restaurant owners balance their books, but will secure more hours for servers. “We’ve seen a minimum wage that has gone up in the last two years about three times the rate of inflation and when a third of your costs are wages… there’s a pressure on employers to

reduce costs by shortening hours, getting rid of employees, investing less in their businesses and price increases.” David Murell is an economics professor at the University of New Brunswick and said restaurant owners in the province already face challenges in attracting business. They would benefit from a wage relief, he said. “We’re really the only atlantic province that isn’t tourist friendly.” Murell fled western Pennsylvania in 1970 as a draft dodger. He had three days notice to leave the country, or he would be enlisted for Vietnam. His first job was washing dishes and he knows first-hand the struggles of

finding employment. “I went through a period of poverty with semi-skilled work. I was trying to save money to go back to university. I generally had to work my way through third and fourth year at the University of Ottawa.” He said the tip differential would be positive, if it means businesses could afford to hire more young people. “I tend to be in favour of a lower minimum wage, because I think it’s more important for young people to have access to work than the actual minimum wage.” The online survey can be found on the provincial government’s website until Dec. 14.


Democracy or deadlock?

The hydro-fracking protests drill into deeper issues about decisionmaking in a province hobbled by debt


Movin’ on up

Winter formal moves from SUB to Crowne Plaza Shane Magee The Aquinian

Kyle Douglas The Aquinian

Last month, Hampton councillors voted against seismic testing within town boundaries. Hours before, more than 70 citizens had peacefully protested in front of the town hall, showing they were ready to stand their ground. The message wasn’t lost, not on councillors who passed the unanimous vote, nor on the two companies in question - Seismotion Inc. and Windsor Energy Inc. A lot of people are jumping on the anti-shale bandwagon and many have legitimate grievances, as did a grassroots movement that protested and eventually defeated the Graham government’s attempts to sell NB Power two years ago. But before there are any public celebrations of democracy, perhaps New Brunswickers should ask themselves: At a time of economic stagnation and huge deficits, has it become impossible for governments to make tough choices? The threat comes from hydro-fracking, a process which involves pumping pressurized water, sand and chemicals into the ground to break up deposits of shale and extract the resources trapped within. But it’s not just what is pumped down that is a concern, said James Whitehead, a geologist at St. Thomas University who teaches in the science and technology studies department. “The problem is you can’t guarantee how the shale breaks along the planes of weakness in the rock, so water can migrate to unintended areas. Aside from chemicals being pumped down, you run the risk of releasing other carcinogenic chemicals that can contaminate water resources,” he said. Tom Bateman, political science professor at STU, says he sees the benefits of shale gas, but is concerned protesters are “overstretching themselves.” “The environmental concern is a serious one,” Bateman said. “If it is true that shale gas cannot be extracted without completely wrecking the province, then

Deandra Doyle has been serving for seven years and says it’s not fair to assume all servers make good tips. (Tom Bateman/AQ)

STU professor James Whitehead says people have a knee-jerk reaction to any shale gas exploration within municipalities. (Tom Bateman/AQ) it shouldn’t be done. “But the argument for jobs, and the arguments for a cleaner source of power than coal or oil, those are good arguments. “We are a province that is $10 billion in debt, and I actually think there is some real support for going ahead as long as the environmental issue is taken care of.” In many cases throughout the province, the environmental uproar has blocked progress before it could begin. Seismic testing, itself, poses no threat, Whitehead said. Sound waves are simply beamed into the ground and reflected back up, giving the testing a clear map of our subterranean world. But seeing big businesses search for shale gas near their homes is putting many New Brunswick residents on edge. “People have kind of a knee jerk reaction to any exploration within a municipal boundary,” Whitehead said. “Ultimately it could end up in extraction and that’s when drinking water becomes seriously threatened.” One argument that has been continually brought up by opponents of hydrofracking is the interconnectedness of the province’s waters. Many New Brunswickers get their water from the St. John River and contamination would be disastrous. Julia Lenke has been fighting the gas companies for months. She said shale gas is not only dangerous, but a poor

solution to our province’s debt woes. “In my home country of Germany, the government has supported green energy,” she said. “We have many of the world’s largest wind farms. Not only is this safe, we know that jobs will always be needed to maintain them. These companies [in New Brunswick] will leave us once the gas is gone and we will be left in ruin.” There is a similarity between today’s protests and those that surrounded the proposed sale of NB Power two years ago. Then, as now, Bateman wondered whether New Brunswickers were turning away a potential cure for its financial problems. But Tom Mann is the executive director of the New Brunswick Union and was at the centre of the NB Power-isnot-for-sale movement. He says the Alward government is making the same mistakes as the former Liberals. “What was at the root of the NB Power issue and what is being repeated today - are our democratic institutions being ignored?” he said. “People want to be involved in decisions that affect their lives. The Conservatives have been very quiet on this issue and the idea that politics and democracy are going to [be] held behind closed doors is not acceptable to New Brunswickers. “A lot of citizens don’t understand the technical or financial issues, but what they do know is that this smells bad.”

Get your mask ready, St. Thomas, because this year’s winter formal has a masquerade theme that organizers hope students will go all out for. “We’re making it very zesty and classy,” said organizer Natasha Glover. The Crowne Plaza will play host to the event, a change from the traditional Student Union Building location, on Dec. 8. Glover said the choice came as a result of $500 of funding the St. Thomas University students’ union received from an insurance company that Glover said is used by STU. She said formal should cost about $2,500 with $1,000 of that to use the Crowne Plaza. Another reason to change venues was to have the option of making it a wet event. “The SUB isn’t allowed to sell alcohol anymore. A lot of places on campus


don’t allow selling alcohol anymore,” she said. “A lot of people complained about that and, not that we wanted this to be something where people get wasted playing beer pong, [but] we want people to have the option to have alcohol. The Crowne Plaza is a great place to have that.” Because it is farther away from campus, organizers are looking at a way to get students safely back to campus. “We’re looking at getting a busing system down from campus so that when the formal is over, students don’t have to worry about catching a cab or driving, so they can take the bus up instead.” The formal will take place Dec. 8 starting at 7:30 p.m. and will cost $6 or $5 with a food bank donation. Non-STU students can get in for $10. “They need to wear their masquerade mask, they need to wear their nice fancy dresses or their nice fancy tuxedos,” said Glover.

Master of Management & Professional Accounting

• Designed primarily for non-business undergraduates • For careers in Management, Finance and Accounting • Extremely high co-op and permanent placement To learn more about the MMPA Program, attend our information session: Monday, November 28, 2011 10:30 am – 12:30 pm Room 106, McCain Hall, St. Thomas University



One-on-one with Neil the Reynolds

Stand up for Acadian Lines workers

The Aquinian

Neil Reynolds has worked in some of the country’s largest newsrooms, including the Ottawa Citizen and the The Vancouver Sun. He’s now editor-at-large at the province’s three daily newspapers, the Telegraph-Journal, Daily Gleaner and Times & Transcript. He’s also a columnist with The Globe and Mail. On Thursday, at 8 p.m. in the Kinsella Auditorium, Reynolds will talk about anonymous sources in journalism during the 9th annual Dalton Camp lecture. AQ: Out of all the subjects you could talk about, why did you decide to focus your lecture on anonymous sources? NR: It’s an issue that has threaded its way through my own career for some reason. Why, I’m not quite sure, but for many years at a number of newspapers where I have been editor - large papers or small papers - we either moved toward not using anonymous sources or severely restricting the use. I think it’s just one of those principles that I became convinced of early in my career. I think the primary reason is that most use of anonymous sources is not necessary, it’s not needed. It’s an enabling device for reporters. It is harder to work in a no-anonymous source environment, but it is not impossible. The bottom line is simply that having an effective prohibition, an effective ban on anonymous sources, requires that little bit of extra hard work, a little bit more persuasion on the part of the reporter or the writer. What happens usually is that they get the source who does not want to be named to willingly permit the use of the name. Banning anonymous sources is the best way to get the information that anonymous sources have. AQ: You’ve had a long career in newsrooms across the country. Since you’ve started your career, the news business has changed quite a bit. The internet has become the new frontier - or maybe it’s become the normal frontier. How has this changed the debate around anonymous sources? NR: It’s made it much more complicated, because there’s so much anonymity out there. The ethos of anonymity, the atmosphere of anonymity, the balance is Jobs

somehow tilted toward anonymity. The anonymous voice is getting more and more reported as news. I think that’s a worrisome trend. I’m content to leave the blogosphere full of anonymity. I have no desire to banish anonymity from the web. It’s not going to happen, anyway. It’s impossible to require it. But on a newspaper, which is changing fundamentally as the electronic world advances, the newspaper has to retain or has to have certain virtues that the electronic media do not have, do not enforce, do not require. What is it about newspapers that makes it different? It’s easy to list the defects of newspapers, they’re the slowest technology in the world. They’re the most industrial age product on the market. So what we do have? We have an authoritative voice that nobody else can match. I watch the TV news and CBC does a great job of news coverage - and CTV. But it’s different. You can’t watch the news on TV and understand the world. You can get top of the line, you can get the news hit. But you can’t get the explanation, you can’t get the discourse, you can’t get the argument, you can’t get right into the knowledge of the thing. Newspapers have this unique characteristic which is thoughtful, it’s meditative, it’s contemplative in some cases. It’s a private, personal experience and it’s a very important one in our society. I think that the newspaper can say, we’re not competitive in delivering in time, but can have standards that I think are more civilized and a code of conduct that requires us to reach a higher level of authoritative reporting,

in-depth reporting, explanatory journalism. In all of those areas, if you’re going to have a discussion, a debate, whatever it is, the use of anonymous sources simply don’t help. AQ: You’ve showed that you value investigative journalism. Why do you think it’s important to have and how can we fight to have more of it in today’s media? NR: Is not all journalism investigative? If it isn’t, it should be. I don’t mean aggressive reporting, I don’t mean uncivil reporting. We still have some luxury in the world of print to ask more questions, to publish more answers, to go deeper and broader. In terms of the real objective here, which I think would be honest, objective reporting, every story you write is an investigative story. If we took that kind of approach to our work, we would treat more mundane stories in a more serious manner. AQ: Out of all the roles that you’ve had in a newsroom, which role have you liked the best? NR: I love working with stories. Forget all the management stuff, that doesn’t matter, forget all the meetings. If you can work on a story with a writer, if you can team up and put in the extra effort, the extra thought, and then you produce something that nobody else has quite produced, you’ve got a unique piece of work - for a writer and editor both, that’s as good as it gets. If, on top of it, it makes some important political, economic or social comment, so much the better. There’s an assumption in the business that investigative writing has to be about scandal. No, investigative writing is about journalism.

Neil Reynolds will speak on Thursday at 8 p.m. (Submitted)

In the past week, I’ve taken the Acadian Lines bus twice, and each time I’ve thought about the possibility of an upcoming strike. The union representing Acadian bus drivers, mechanics and customer service representatives are set to go on strike Nov. 21 after voting 98 per cent in favour of a strike – a huge majority by any measurement. There’s no question that cancelled bus service would hurt students, but it’s important to note that the people who want to cancel buses aren’t the unionized workers, it’s the managers and owners at Acadian Lines. When I spoke to Glen Carr, the union president, he said the last thing they want to see is a disruption of service and inconvenience to the public and students. But you don’t have to take his word for it. The workers at Acadian Lines proved it with their actions long before any strike vote. A-year-and-a-half ago, Acadian Lines planned to cut several bus routes – buses students rely on. Because intercity bus service is provincially regulated, they had to apply to the Energy and Utilities Board (EUB) for permission to cut service. Usually these hearings are a formality – the bus company submits a request, the board rubber stamps it. But this time, a variety of people and community groups heard that they wanted to cut service and applied to intervene in the hearing, including the STUSU and the union representing Acadian Lines workers. The interests of students are much closer to the interests of Acadian’s workers than their management. At the hearing, an Acadian Lines representative told me they could not do anything to improve customer service until they cut routes and became profitable. While Acadian was allowed to make some cuts (still well below what they had initially asked for), the EUB decision came with the condition that they increase service on other routes.

When Acadian Lines came back to the EUB a couple of months later, asking to be allowed to reduce service on some routes without the corresponding increase to others, the union pushed back. They offered to make a joint submission to the provincial government for assistance to prevent cuts – Acadian declined. The union made a submission to the Energy and Utilities Board saying “the approval of the present application by Acadian would not be in the best interests of the travelling public or employees.” The submission included a lengthy appendix detailing all the ways Acadian Lines wastes money. They talked about how eliminating routes “cuts off students and the public from travelling to and from home” and slammed Acadian Lines for saying they would add a campus stop in Fredericton to compensate for moving the bus station to the middle of nowhere and then not following through with it. The workers have been negotiating with Acadian Lines for a year now, and in that time, Acadian has walked away from meetings with a government appointed conciliator and has refused to provide a complete package (a complete proposal for a contract). Without a proposed contract from Acadian Lines, the union can’t even hold a vote to accept or reject a contract. For years, the union has been fighting against service cuts and moving bus stations outside of downtown areas as well as for improved customer service, while the company has done the opposite. So, if bus drivers, mechanics and customer service reps go on strike next week, remember, it’s the workers who have been standing up for students over the years. And I say it’s time for us, as students, to stand up for the workers so they can keep standing up for our interests the next time Acadian Lines wants to cut bus routes.

STU students to speed network with alumni on Wednesday Kara Cousins The Aquinian

Jodie Clark has never gone speed dating, but she wants to give speed networking a whirl. The second-year student at St. Thomas University has been invited to attend a networking event on Wednesday, which connects students with STU alumni who are working professionals. “I think the idea of speed networking is an excellent opportunity,” said Clark. “It gives you a chance to hear real people’s experiences and outlook on their different career choices. “I believe it gives people a sense of

security to know that there are so many options to choose from when you leave a liberal arts university.” The event will be held on Nov. 16 in the Forest Hill Conference Centre at 6 p.m. Only 40 students can attend. Carrie Monteith-Levesque wanted to create an opportunity for students to connect with STU alumni to discuss career opportunities. The employment and student life co-ordinator shared the idea with alumni affairs. “After doing some research and much discussion, we decided to take it further and give students an opportunity to build networking connections for on-going advice and mentorship around specific

careers.” According to Monteith-Levesque, similar events have been held at American universities, but this is a first for a Canadian university. Students will move around the room, having two minutes to speak with each alumnus. Maclean’s magazine recently published their 21st annual university rankings. STU received a B- for career preparation. Many liberal arts students, like Clark, worry they will have limited career opportunities after they graduate. “It is a bit unsettling to think about graduating and not being able to find a job,” she said.

According to several Canadian studies, employers are more likely to hire an applicant with a convincing resume and cover letter. Liberal arts graduates have a foundation in writing, but many university graduates are not working in their field of study or are unemployed. Monteith-Levesque hopes networking events can help. “We often hear, ‘there are no jobs or what can I do with an arts degree?’ “Well, here is your opportunity to dispel those myths and find out. The job market in Fredericton is very much hidden, only 10 per cent of vacancies are posted, employers hire through word of mouth, [through] their networks, hence

the importance of networking.” Monteith-Levesque didn’t experience the challenges of finding a job after she graduated from STU in 1998 with a bachelor of arts in psychology and English. “I was lucky enough to begin my career on a six-month government job creation grant, intended to gain employment experience. My direct supervisor liked what she saw and kept me on through one contract or another for nine years.” Similarly, Clark hopes networking will help her get a foot in the door. “The event will open up so many opportunities to different career options that may not have been considered before this.”

Arts Listings


STU Chess Club @ The HCH Conference Room, Wednesdays, 6:30 - 9:30 p.m.


Fredericton turns on the Radio Radio

Peace Cafe @ Edmund Casey Hall Room 103, Nov. 21, 7-9 p.m.

Gallery: Strength @ The Charlotte Street Arts Centre, runs until Dec. 15 Fredericton Art Club 75th Anniversary exhibition @ Government House, Nov. 7 - Dec. 2, weekdays from 10 a.m. - 5 p.m. Terry Graff, curator of the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, will speak on Art Appreciation at Government House on Nov. 24 at 7 p.m. Paul Healy’s Paintings, Print and Sculpture @ Gallery 78, Nov. 4-27 Lenka Novakova’s Rivers and Skies @ Gallery Connexion, runs until Dec. 1

Playhouse: Nikki Payne & Friends, Nov. 17 @ 7:30 p.m., $30

Acadian trio Radio Radio layers French and English, mixing in electro and funk to produce their sound. (Photo by Richmond Lam)

Acadian hip-hop trio performs in Fredericton on Friday the metaphors he uses to describe the sound of his band Radio Radio. “The first album is like a sports car, Gabriel Louis Bernard Malenfant’s and the second is more like a sailboat.” French accent rolls off his tongue like Radio Radio, an Acadian hip-hop Meghan O’Neil The Aquinian

Geeks on campus, unite!

Students’ union hosts first-ever Geek Forum on Saturday in James Dunn Hall Meredith Gillis

The NB Film Co-op presents Submarine @ Tilley Hall, UNB Campus, Nov. 14, 8 p.m., member - $4, regular admission - $7

A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away...plans were underway for the invasion. St. Thomas University students’ union will be hosting its first Geek Forum this Saturday, Nov. 19. The forum will include speakers on many areas of geekdom, and provide an opportunity for students to meet people with similar interests. Natasha Glover, this year’s students’ union activities coordinator, takes credit for the idea. She said it was born out of the geekiness of her own mind. “It’s going to be a place where students can come together and talk about geeky things in an academic environment.” Professors Christine Cornell and Andrew Titus will both be speaking at the forum, providing their insights into vampire and zombie literature as well as Lord of the Rings and Star Wars. Cornell plans to present her initial take on a paper she will be presenting next year at the World Science Fiction Convention in Chicago. The paper is about the concept of the uncanny valley. “The closer we come to mimicking human beings in our creations, the more disturbing they become,” Cornell said. The uncanny valley has not yet been applied to zombies and vampires. Cornell said they’re both potentially like us and not like us at the same time. She’s interested in why our culture today is so preoccupied with zombies and vampires. “I want to propose some reasons why that preoccupation seems so prevalent right now. One possible answer is partly our preoccupation with health. It’s

Music: Carleton Stone w/ The Heartbroken @ The Capital, Nov. 17, 9:30 p.m., $7 or $5 for students (with ID) The Waking Night and friends @ The Capital, Nov. 18, 9:30 p.m., $5 The Divorcees w/ Craig Mercer & The Will Be Gones @ The Capital, Nov. 19, 9:30 p.m., $10 advance or $12 day of show (plus service charge) UNB’s Music on the Hill presents Nadia Francavilla and Simon Docking @ Memorial Hall, Nov. 16 at 7:30 p.m., $25 regular admission, $10 students

vibes.” Cliché Hot was released when the band was a foursome. Timothée Richard started a family and wanted off the road. “We don’t have kids so it helps us out, but it was kind of like a snake losing its skin,” Malenfant said of Richard’s departure. Malenfant said he, Doucet and Bilodeau don’t mind being on the road. That helps, he said, when Radio Radio travels as far as France and New York. He said everyone in the group is passionate about what they do. When the road does get long, there’s always a way to make it more bearable. “Jacques and I are stubborn and we have debates. The strength of the brain versus the strength of the heart.” Malenfant said Radio Radio’s music is inspired by everything from nature to cooking and fashion. He looks up to eccentric artists like Devandra Banhart and Edward Sharpe and the Magnetic Zeros. “Psychedelic stuff and united music,” he said. “We’re all one.” Radio Radio plays this Saturday, Nov. 19, at 9 p.m. at the Centre Communautaire Sainte-Anne, 715 Priestman St. The show is for ages 19 and older. Tickets are $10.



Cinema Politica Fredericton presents Life & Debt @ Conserver House, 180 John St., Nov. 18, 7-9 p.m.

trio, are playing in Fredericton at the Centre Communautaire Sainte-Anne on Saturday. The video for the band’s new single “Cargue dans ma chaise” was released Friday at 11 a.m. at the 11th second - precisely 11/11/11/11/11. Radio Radio layers French and English and mix in electro and funk to produce their sound. “I think it’s part of the novelty, and part of our history. It’s how my grandmother talks. It’s part of the Acadian way,” Malenfant said about the use of both languages. Malenfant is from Moncton. His bandmates Alexandre Arthur Bilodeau and Jacques Alphonse Doucet are both from Nova Scotia. “We share good vibes. Happiness is the highest commodity in the world, and it will never go out of style.” Radio Radio got their break in 2008 with the release of their first album, Cliché Hot, under Bonsound Records. The band began to take over Quebec, and Cliché Hot soon became slang in the province’s indie music scene. The term is used to describe anything that’s stylish, from fashion to home decor. “It’s cool that we’re sharing and the fact that people are catching onto it means it’s sharing the aura and good

The Aquinian

interesting now how often zombies and vampires are traced back to viruses in storylines.” Conventions feature merchandise stands alongside the speakers and discussions. Local businesses like Strange Adventures, Geek Chic and Gamezilla have all been invited to the STU’s Geek Forum, and Glover said she hopes they will come. “It’s like a mini-convention,” Glover said. “We’re not calling it a convention for the fear that people will be disappointed that it’s not at the same level as

a real one.” Campus clubs like the Magic: The Gathering society will be present to facilitate a discussion on the popular trading card game. Discussions on the Harry Potter universe, retro gaming and comic books will also be run by groups of enthusiastic students. The Geek Forum will be held on the bottom floor of James Dunn Hall. Registration for discussions and lectures begins at 9 a.m. and will be ongoing throughout the day.

Lectures will begin at 10 a.m. and run in one-hour blocks. The forum is free for anyone who wishes to attend. Participants are encouraged to dress up as their favourite characters and get their geek on. Glover said she hopes that the forum will be a chance for students to make some new connections. “You’re going to go meet a bunch of different people that you never knew before that like the same thing you do, and hopefully have a great friendship-making experience.”

English professor Dr. Christine Cornell will speak at STUSU’s first-ever Geek Forum, reading her initial take on a paper she will present at the World Science Fiction Convention in Chicago next year. (Cara Smith/AQ)


New vintage boutique boasts glamour with a touch of freak Pretty Little Freak Boutique on King Street offers original, vegan-friendly clothing Kayla Byrne The Aquinian

Pretty Little Freak Boutique opened at the beginning of November on King Street. “Fredericton has nothing like this,” said owner Amanda Ronan. (Tom Bateman/AQ)

In a blink you could miss it. Squished between Relish Gourmet Burgers and Victory Meat Market sits Fredericton’s newest business. Pretty Little Freak Boutique opened on Nov. 5 and is already on the radar. The boutique is small, but undeniably stylish. Lime green and hot pink walls give off a fun feel complimented with black and white accessories. Hanging on the walls are all your favourites: Marilyn Monroe, Audrey Hepburn, heart-throb Elvis Presley and zombie pin-up babes. Nestled in a corner is a clawfoot tub-couch, just like the one in Breakfast at Tiffany’s. Lace, polka dots, stripes and high-waisted skirts drape off the hangers. It’s pin-up meets The Walking Dead. Lining the walls are 50s inspired

heels with a skull and crossbones twist, make-up and Manic Panic hair dye. To really jazz up your look, try the colored contacts, ranging from baby blue to purple heartshaped pupils. Sitting at the tiny front desk is the 29-year-old owner, Amanda Ronan. “I’m from Fredericton so it just made sense to open here,” she said. “But I knew it had to be downtown - there’s so much character. Also, Fredericton has nothing like this, so I’d be filling a void.” Ronan prides her shop on this authentic originality. Prices tend to be higher than you would find in some franchised stores, but supply in Pretty Little Freak Boutique is limited and products are rare. “I’m 100 per cent different - I try to look for brands that aren’t even in Fredericton. Once I sell something, it’s gone, and I’ll get completely different stuff in. Rather

than order dresses in bulk I’ll get six or eight. I’d hate to create sheep.” Along with being unique, Ronan prides her shop in being completely vegan. “I need to be comfortable with what I’m selling. As a vegan, I need to know there’s been no animal testing on the products and definitely no leather.” From its opening a week ago, Ronan said the public has reacted well to the store. She’s had older women compliment the shop’s style, remembering the days when they would wear similar dresses and heels just to wash the dishes. On top of setting a person apart from the crowd, clothes can be empowering, Ronan said. Old-school glamour icons Monroe and Hepburn were more than just a pretty face. “They’re beautiful, but strong they can hold their own and that’s how these clothes make me feel.”


The evolution of the celebrity crush The AQ’s Julia Whalen explores how celebrity crushes now transcend gender and sexual preference I’ve always thought that Ryan Gosling was a delightful piece of man-candy. After watching Stay, Half Nelson and Lars and the Real Girl, I was convinced that no celebrity could ever match his level of attractiveness. He’s portrayed a man-whore, a guy who falls in love with a blow-up doll and a junior high school teacher with a drug problem, but you just can’t deny it: he is one sexy, sexy man. Oh, and he wasn’t so bad in The Notebook. This summer after seeing Crazy, Stupid Love, my boyfriend admitted that Gosling was indeed a “total hottie.” Cue my heart exploding with joy. It wasn’t just that he shared my love for Gosling. Rather, it was the first time I fully realized that one of the seemingly never-ending awkward phases of youth was over. The one where attractive

qualities could only be perceived as sexual; the one where jealousy reigned instead of an appreciation for a star. Celebrity crushes have evolved. Growing up, I knew a lot of girls who pasted J-14 magazine spreads of shirtless guys on their bedroom walls. When we were nine years old we giggled about kissing a Backstreet Boy or being Jonathan Taylor Thomas’ girlfriend. Celebrity crushes were sexually charged even at that age – no matter how light on the sexual side. (Hand holding was a big deal, okay?) As I grow older though, star crushes are turning into more of a recognition of beauty and personality than anything. The end of the awkward phase meant the truth could come out: My name is Julia and I have a girl crush on Natalie Portman.

Celebrity crushes have become less of a teenaged, sexually-tense proclamation and more about recognizing who you’d invite to your dream dinner party. They transcend barriers of gender and sexuality and instead represent characteristics one admires. My brother recently told me Clive Owen is one of his celebrity crushes. “He’s just a handsome man,” he said. “Even I can see that.” Maybe the end of the awkward phase is just a more obvious sign that we’re maturing. We worry less about being judged and feel more confident about our choices. And ladies, if our choices include dating boys who can appreciate the rugged good looks of men like Ryan Gosling, George Clooney and Michael Fassbender, I think we’re doing just fine.

Celebrity crushes are becoming more about an appreciation for a star and less about teenaged, sexually-tense proclamations of adoration. (Submitted)


Lights to play all-ages show at Boyce Farmers Market

Juno award-winning artist Lights is coming to the Maritimes next year to promote her album Siberia, which was released in October. Lights will perform in Fredericton on Jan. 19 at the Fredericton Boyce Farmers Market. Doors open at 7 p.m. The show is open to all ages and tickets are $25 in advance and $30 day of show. Tickets went on sale Nov. 10 at 10 a.m., exclusively online. Check out to purchase tickets. (Submitted)



n a small province located in the northern hemisphere, there sits just over 750,000 people. For the most part, these people live a good life, with access to clean water, food, education and electricity. Most are English-speaking, but a third are French and almost half live in urban centres. The province has lots of trees and some fresh water lakes, with an array of wildlife and four seasons, including a very cold winter. Life is comfortable in New Brunswick. But in other parts of the world, it doesn’t come close. “Things are pretty nice for us right now because we’re not facing the problems that we’re creating, but I wouldn’t want to be around in 20 years time. I wouldn’t want to inherit that world...because the problems are going to be so huge,” said James Whitehead, geologist and professor of science and technology at St. Thomas University. “It’s like inheriting America’s debt without keeping it in check and letting it continue to grow and in 20 years time it’s just going to be insurmountable.”

like too many people and anything above that just shouldn’t be here,” she said. “However, at the same time, at the very basic mathematical level, every person on the planet means less resources. “But those resources aren’t distributed equally.” This raises the question: At what point does it all become a problem?

now, but the technology is still developing and pose lots of possibilities for the future. “Or, build new buildings with rain water collection systems so we don’t have to use clean ground water to flush toilets,” Whitehead said. It’s easy for Canadians to assume we have an endless supply of clean, fresh water. After all, 20 per

History of population fascination

It’s 1960. The world’s population has just reached three billion. The first billion was reached in 1804, the second in 1927, and now scientists are starting to realize the rapid growth could lead to future consequences. Population growth has peaked at 2.2 per cent per year and more people are worried about whether there will be enough food tomorrow. Population fascination has become a trend. Fast-forward 51 years and the population has more than doubled – according to United Nations estimates, as of last week, we are sharing the world with seven billion others. If we all held hands, we could go to the moon and back 18 times. But researchers are realizing it’s not only the number of people that’s the problem, but the unequal distribution of crucial resources between people. Population surged to four billion in 1974, five in 1987 and six in 1998. If we continue at this rate, by the end of the century, the world should make room for three billion more. But Brigid Reading, a staff researcher at the Earth Policy Institute, a think-tank located in Washington, DC, reiterates that the number isn’t the sole contributing factor. “It’s not like there’s a magic number where that’s

A reason for concern

cent of the world’s total freshwater resources are in our country’s backyard. But only seven per cent is renewable – the other 13 per cent comes from fossil water, underground aquifers and glaciers. What do these numbers mean? That Africa, India, China, eastern Australia, parts of Europe and the western United States will soon face water shortages if people aren’t careful. “Since 2000, over half the world’s population has been living in urban areas which basically means half the world’s population lives on one per cent of the surface area,” said Whitehead. “So people are very concentrated which means that their food is not where they are living. Water also generally has to be brought to them. They’re placing very high pressures on available resources to service very small areas, so people need to be aware of that.”

An increasing population first threatens our water resources, says Whitehead. Already, a billion people are living without a sufficient amount of drinking water, yet 70 per cent of the world’s fresh water is being used just for agriculture. Industrial use is at 20 per cent and domestic is just 10 per cent. By 2025, the UN predicts that one in three people will be affected by water shortages. That’s why we need to find ways to extend the water resources we have now. “There’s a huge supply of water, I mean it’s all in the oceans,” Whitehead said. “But de-salivating water is hugely expensive and requires a lot of energy.” Whitehead said there are newly developed methods that are worth our attention. Food shortage or wastefulness? These include nanotechnologies, films that can filMadeline Weld, president of the Population Institer contaminates and salt from water. But right now, tute of Canada, said although the population comthe films are only the size of a quarter. Inefficient motion started in the 1960s, it was then when Africa

was self-sufficient “But its populati then and so the de to keep pace,” she Today, just unde curity or underno half of the childr stunted in their ow Weld says part being eaten up by “[Some] of it i around,” she said doing this in a wor But in 2009-10, real grains – 2.3 b billion people. Ob into people’s mou So, where did it A third fed dom biofuels and plasti Less than half w ing people. And one third around the world Food and Agricult Because of the products, like gra production will ha Perhaps it’s a ma shortage.

Light bulb e

Over the past 10 drupled. But our e by 16 times, says W “So individually more energy than And three quart using only one qu duced, he said. According to the sion’s 2010-11 rep energy is at 317 pe To put this in pe about 50 megaton of energy release man-made nuclea Basically, it’s qu On average, a h was about 111 gig amount of potenti set on fire.

an Ba tem Tom

e New Brunswick Energy Commisport, the province’s demand for etajoules (PJ). erspective, 210 PJ is equivalent to ns of TNT. That was the amount ed by the Tsar Bomba, the largest ar explosion ever. uite a bit. household’s energy consumption gajoules (GJ). Six GJ is about the tial energy when a barrel of oil is



00 years, our population has quaenergy consumption has increased Whitehead. per capita we are using four times n we were.” ters of the world’s population are uarter of the energy being pro-

be doing their part, Andreev said. “People should be worried about population growth and North Americans can be helping by thinking and improving their consumption.” The other thing people can be doing is encouraging decision makers to come up with long-term goals, said Whitehead. “We’re all living on the same planet and whether we like it or not, we’re all linked by the same atmosphere and the same oceans and we share the same responsibilities,” he said. Or as Babatunde Osotimehin, executive director of the UN’s Population Fund, puts it: “We are seven billion people What does this all mean? with seven bilAccording the UN, it means that there’s only room lion possibilifor improvement. ties.” Kirill Andreev, population affairs officer at the Population Division of the UN, says the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo, Egypt in 1994, was “perhaps the most important event over the last 20 years.” “The Population Division has served the UN’s Commission on Population and Development [molded by the ICPD],” Andreev said. “Our role is to carry out the work mandated by the commission.” This work, decided at the ICPD, includes four key areas: universal education, reduction of infant and child mortality, reduction of maternal mortality and access to reproductive and sexual health services, including family planning. The Earth Policy Institute agrees these areas need more help, said Reading. “There are 215 million women in just the developing world who need family planning resources...If every person had this very basic ability to plan how many children they want to have and when they want to have them...our population would not be growing at the rate that it is now,” Reading said. But while the UN’s focusing on those four areas, the world should

e de

of all the food that’s produced d goes to waste, according to the ture Organization of the UN. e alternative uses of basic food ain or corn, the UN projects food ave to double by 2025. atter of wastefulness, rather than

But there are so many places that don’t get access to this amount of energy. China has 26 new nuclear power stations under construction. “They want power because they don’t have the same access to power that we have traditionally,” said Whitehead. “There are ways of reducing the amount of energy and there needs to be policies instituted to prevent obscene uses of energy like we see in Las Vegas, for example.” Sometimes, the growth in numbers of actual households matters more than the number of just people, since most households include refrigerators, televisions and computers, and a car or two. The average energy consumed goes up as the average number of people in a household goes down. “It’s not really about the raw number of people but places where we are seeing a very fast population growth, sometimes that can be one of many stressers on the immediate environment,” said Reading.

The centrespread is managed and edited by Laura Brown. If you have a centrespread idea please email


t in its food production. tion has grown very rapidly since evelopment has never been able e said. er a billion people face food inseourishment every day. More than ren in Africa and South Asia are wn growth because of it. of this is because green space is y development. is the best farming land that’s d. “So the question is why are we rld with increasing hunger?” , the world produced enough cebillion tons – to sustain nine to 11 bviously, not all the grain made it uths. t all go? mestic animals. Industrial uses like tics were fed 19 per cent. was grown for the purpose of feed-



Graphic by first-year STU student Brandon Hicks Human Rights

A sanctimonious response: Iran’s nuclear future I fear there’s a mushroom cloud on the horizon, but we may be shocked by who drops the bomb. Last week, the International Atomic Energy Agency announced that Iran possesses the technology and material to build a nuclear weapon in a matter of months. It confirmed the fear that’s gripped Israel and others for years. The European Union, United States, and allies have accused Iran of attempting to develop nuclear weapons through its uranium enrichment programme, and imposed sanctions for the country’s refusal to end the program. Iran claimed the fuel was for use in reactors to generate electricity. It’s a ludicrous debate. A wise teacher once said, “Let

him who is without sin cast the first stone.” In this dispute, the name callers, finger pointers and potential stone throwers are also “sinners” when it comes to nuclear weapons possession. Why is it acceptable for the United States, United Kingdom, France and others to possess nuclear weapons, but not for Iran? Why is Israel’s manufacturing of nuclear warheads tolerable, but the possibility of Iran doing the same, appalling? It’s deplorable for any nation to own weapons of mass destruction and a violation of international law to use them. Besides those countries already noted, China, Russia, India, Pakistan and, it’s believed, North Korea, also have nuclear weapons. The total

number of warheads possessed by the nine nuclear armed states — operational weapons, spares, and warheads in storage — exceeds 23,000. The U.S. owns 9,400 of them. According to the Nobel Committee, U.S. President Barack Obama was awarded the 2009 Peace Prize largely for his “vision” and “work for a world without nuclear weapons.” Surely he’s doing something to bring a peaceable solution to this problem. Well, not exactly. Israel maintains a policy of “nuclear opacity”—it’s never admitted to possessing nuclear weapons, even though it built its first in the 1960s, according to a former Israeli nuclear technician. It’s believed that Israel now owns at least 100. In 1969, a deal was struck between U.S. President Richard Nixon and Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir in which the U.S. agreed to accept Israel’s nuclear weapons

status, as long as Israel kept the weapons a secret. In a 2009 meeting between Obama and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Obama agreed to uphold that understanding, according to three officials familiar with the agreement and Netanyahu, who let news of the pact slip in an interview. Obama cannot work for a nuclear-free world while he helps Israel keep its possession of nuclear weapons a secret. Shortly before Netanyahu was sworn in as prime minister in March 2009, he told journalist Jeffrey Goldberg, “The Obama presidency has two great missions: fixing the economy, and preventing Iran from gaining nuclear weapons.” If Obama failed to do this, he said, Israel may have to act unilaterally to attack Iran’s nuclear facilities. Israel has taken matters into its own hands before. In 1981 Prime Minister Menachem Begin had his

army fire missiles into Iraq’s Osirak nuclear reactor because he believed that nuclear fuel would be used in bombs that would be directed against Israel. In 2007, according to George W. Bush, then Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert asked the U.S. to bomb a nuclear site in Syria. When Bush declined to do so, Israel blew it up. Earlier this month, Israeli Deputy Prime Minister Moshe Yaalon said military action against Iran should only be taken as a last resort and that the U.S. should be the one to lead the charge. Is this “last resort” stage? What will become of Iran’s nuclear facility? Will nuclear weapons explode upon the nation before it ever builds one of its own? Who will make the obscene decision to wilfully violate the right to life of the innocent victims of an atomic attack? The answers could surprise us. But we may not have to wait long to find out.

Letter to the Editor

Talkback Dear Editor, As structural social work students, we spend a great deal of time examining our society and identifying areas where inequality or injustice exists. Therefore a comment in the Sept. 27 edition of The Aquinian caught our eye. In the article, “Bird’s Eye View,” the author stated, “Yes, we are entitled to a degree...(and that) we all have the chance at university.” We beg to differ. Since 1990, average undergraduate tuition has increased 223 per cent, according to a Youth in Transition Survey conducted by Statistics Canada. This means that those with privilege are more easily able to access education. Those who have faced structural barriers to

obtaining a good education, such as living in poverty (and there are growing numbers), experiencing physical or mental disability, or other similar accessibility issues may not have the same opportunities. Structural barriers may also affect members of minority groups or individuals experiencing other types of continuing cultural, social or gender discrimination. A recent article in The Brunswickan illustrates the struggle that women continue to face in trying to advance in academic circles. Immigrants or newcomers to Canada also continue to be overrepresented in poor paying occupations in the service sector. Those whose sexual orientation

differs from that of mainstream views continue an uphill battle to be seen as equal citizens. And these are only a few of the many groups that continue to face subtle or overt discrimination in pursuing their life goals - including post-secondary education. How then are these groups of people able to effectively compete under the current conditions? Affirmative action or equity policies attempt to progressively address such inequities in our society. The idea is not to dilute the quality of education offered, nor is it to accept all candidates just because they identify with membership in any disadvantaged group. Rather, the purpose of such policies is to encourage participation

in education from all sectors of society and to ensure that anyone who has the drive and potential to succeed is not excluded due to disadvantage experienced through no fault of their own. As part of our program, we are rewriting the affirmative action policy for admission into the School of Social Work. We are hoping that our work will be useful in enhancing similar policies throughout the university. Do you think that more attention needs to be focused on this subject? Is STU doing enough to address the issue? We welcome your feedback on the subject. We can be reached at Anne Cole and Rachel Mills

Have something to say? Let us know at



He’s still in-your-face, outspoken and outlandish, but Justin Marshall says he’s learning to be a little less combative … sometimes

Justin Marshall is a reporter at a local radio station, KHJ. It’s a step towards his dream job of becoming a sportscaster. (Tom Bateman/AQ)

It was called “Marshall’s Corner,” a section of bleachers in the home rink of the Brookfield Midget AAA hockey team, and it was Justin Marshall’s territory. When teams came to visit, he made sure they wouldn’t have an easy time. He heckled players about their skills and their mothers. He was the seventh man. He’d been an instigator on the ice when he’d played and now he was the instigator in the stands. He was recognized and loathed in rinks around the Maritimes. He trash talked, brought taunting signs. Once a player threw a stick at him, drawing a four-minute penalty. He even had a fistfight with a parent. He has proudly called himself the most hated man in Maritime hockey. *** During The Aquinian story meeting Tuesday, I asked editors who might make a good profile. I wasn’t looking for the 4.0 GPA student or the captain of a sports team or the person who heads a charitable event every weekend. I wanted to profile someone who’s just a real character. “I would really like to read a profile on Justin Marshall,” one said. The room went quiet. Then, just as suddenly, Room 5 in Holy Cross erupted with stories about the third-year journalism student. The stories piled on. “Didn’t he punch an RA?” “He was the first-year liaison and he did a really good job. He came to student union meetings every week with his talking points written down, and he planned

really good events.” “Remember what he said about Saudi Arabia in that first-year class?” “Just don’t bring up Ella Henry around him.” That’s the Justin Marshall we all know. The instigator at a hockey game and in the classroom. But really, who is Justin Marshall? *** We met at the Cellar. He was sitting by the entrance and gave me the higher seat. He wore a collared shirt and was halfway through a whiskey sour. He’s an only child and from Brookfield, a small town of about 1,500 people somewhere between Truro and Halifax. He came to St. Thomas University to pursue his goal of becoming a sportscaster. “It’s been my life-long dream to be rich and famous. I mean, a lot of people know when they hear [me on] Capital FM on Saturday morning, it’s a voice they can trust. So just even covering hockey games, that’s made me more well known,” he said. But fame quickly turned into infamy for Marshall. Within two months of arriving at STU, he got drunk and hit an RA. “It’s unfortunate and we’re friends now so everything’s good and I regret that situation for sure. It’s hurt me in my university, but I feel I’ve built my reputation back up.” He was forced to leave Rigby Hall after the incident. “It was a very, very stressful time for me…In the end I thought I settled it like a champ, really.”

He got his money back and moved into an off-campus house. Later that year, Marshall turned things around and was voted first-year liaison in the Student Union. “After I got kicked out of res that was a way to prove to myself I could do better.” He’s run for student union positions each year since, but hasn’t won. “I find that if the whole school voted I’d win in a landslide…like, if it’s a popularity contest, they would vote for me and the people that believe in my policies would vote for me. But I’m just very outspoken towards the hippies and I don’t think that they like it too much.”

personality, in my opinion,” he said, without taking a break from chewing on a hot chicken wing. Our interview was repeatedly interrupted by friends and aquaintances stopping to to say hello with Marshall. Still, the self-proclaimed social butterfly can often be found at the Cellar enjoying a meal by himself. “On Tuesdays, after my radio show, Political Junkies, I just come down to watch Sports Center. I don’t really want to talk and I just want to watch sports.” He’s taking the bus to Calgary for Christmas. He’ll travel nearly 3,500 kilometres to spend the holiday with his cousins, whom

“I find that if the whole school voted I’d win in a landslide…like, if it’s a popularity contest, they would vote for me and the people that believe in my policies would vote for me. But I’m just very outspoken towards the hippies and I don’t think that they like it too much.” - Justin Marshall It’s impossible to dislike Justin Marshall for the things he says. Maybe it’s the way he says them, in that flawless Maritime accent. Or the way he leans over and in-close when he speaks to you, giving you a clear view of his wide, lopsided grin. “I’m a hot-head that’s for sure…I’ve called people out numerous times. I’ve personally attacked people numerous times. I think I’m well liked around here, honestly. I’m very outgoing. I have a great

he considers siblings. “Family means everything to me. If you don’t have family, you can’t be happy. I mean, I’d do anything for my family.” Last February, Marshall’s great-grandmother past away. “That’s one of the reasons I don’t think I’m ready to go back home for Christmas…I think it would upset me too much. If I went to Nova Scotia and didn’t go to her house, I think it would shake me up a lot.”

Marshall admits he’s had a hard time with death. At 17, his best friend from childhood committed suicide. “I got the phone call on that Friday morning. I was at my best friend’s place and they told me that Cody’s dad found him hanging from the barn rafters. “At the funeral I sat at the front row, I probably shouldn’t of and there was a picture of him when he was five and I remember it just so clear because we were such good friends. I just started balling.” He came to Fredericton looking for a clean slate. “This was kind of my getaway. It was a new start, but it wasn’t so new, it was just the same old shit.” Though, at first, university wasn’t the new beginning he was looking for, he’s still making changes little by little. He plans on toning down his partisanship. He won’t be running for Students Union this year because he doesn’t have the time and he calls it “small potatoes.” But don’t worry, the Justin Marshall from “Marshall’s Corner,” the Justin Marshall we all know and love isn’t going too far. “I am myself and I’m not going to change. I mean if you don’t like me, come talk to me about it and we’ll talk about what I need to change and I’ll try and adjust that. But if I don’t agree that I should change it, then I’m not going to; and I’m sorry, not everybody can like you. “You can’t change the past; you can only work towards changing the future and that’s what I’ve done.” His spirit is contagious. With the bare chicken bones dropped back into the basket, Justin Marshall and I leave the Cellar. He’s definitely not the worst guy to have on your side, but maybe, just not all the time.



Sticking with you

Change your profile pic, get a wig, stop sleeping: sticker tag is back

The burnout effect

Social worker returns to university after the harsh realities of the job became clear Meredith Gillis The Aquinian

Students in residences take the recreational game to the next level- danger zone. (Tom Bateman/AQ) MacKenzie Riley The Aquinian

Palms sweating, muscles tense, heads turning from left to right suspiciously. Sticker tag has begun. “The game hadn’t even started yet – it was the night before the game even started and my roommate, Val, and I screamed every time someone knocked on our door,” said Jacqueline Gallant. She thought it was just going to be fun and games, but she soon realized how competitive it was and felt the immediate paranoia it created. Sticker tag is an interactive teambuilding game within residents. Everyone is assigned another resident’s name to tag, and someone else gets your name. The game then is an object of not getting tagged while trying to tag your person. The last person left untagged is the winner. There are some so-called “safe zones” such as the cafeteria, Margaret Norrie McCain study hall, your dorm room (unless you invite them in), work, class – basically any place you have to be – so walking to class is fair game. You have to tag with a sticker,

and it has to stick to them for at least three seconds. “I was lucky though because the night we received our assignments I was immediately in an alliance with five other people,” said Gallant. “I had an alliance with one girl that we wouldn’t tag each other, stick it out until the end. “She and I wrote down everything on her mirror on the back of her door.” It was all very strategic and the two girls put every participant’s name on the mirror and who they had if they knew. Because of this alliance, Gallant is still in the game two weeks later. A friend of Gallant’s, Chrissy Maine, got a wig to disguise herself. While wearing it, she was unrecognizable she went from a blonde with shoulderlength hair to a brunette with short hair. She used this as defense while maintaining an offense. “Another one of my friends got up at 6 a.m. and stayed outside of her person’s door for a long time, waiting for her to come out and tag her,” said Gallant. “Sticker tag is a fun game we like to play in residence, and

even in recent years off-campus. “Since my first year, I have found that sticker tag is a good way to get to know people you live with. Sitting in the cafeteria watching some of the chases is always lots of fun. I think some of the best stories are from some of the ‘great escapes’ or from some of the friendships that are formed. “This year I had the chance to organize a game of sticker tag and I loved being able to see all of the alliances that were formed and strategies that were played. I’m excited for more fun next semester!” said Daphne Cooper, a resident in Harrington Hall . Gallant agreed that it is a good activity, but emotions tend to run high and some people get angry when they’re tagged. She thinks that people should set their emotions aside, as it is just a game. Some students even go as far as to change their profile picture and name on Facebook so when their tagger looks them up, they will not find them or be misled.


What is sexier than confidence? Confidence is sexy. I’m sure you’ve all heard that many times, but how many of you actually listen? I know it’s not exactly easy to be confident, especially at this point in our lives. For most people confidence comes after graduation and with age. But I say, why wait? A lot of things factor into being confident. It’s not just how attractive or accomplished you are, although there are a few who wrongfully make that assumption. Confidence is in the way you carry yourself, the way you speak and the way you interact with others. Confident people are the ones who walk into a room and you can just tell they are secure with themselves

and that is what oozes sex appeal. I’m not going to pretend that there isn’t a certain amount of interest that lays in appearance, that’s hardwired into our brains. I’m also not going to pretend that there is such a thing as being 100 per cent selfsecure - everyone has something they don’t particularly love about themselves. The difference is learning to embrace those qualities for what they are instead of dwelling on them and letting them get to you, that’s when confidence slips out of reach. However, there is an issue that can arise from confidence – cockiness. This is ugly and unwanted by most people, myself included. It is one of

the biggest turn-offs there is. These are the people with an air of arrogance about them and you can spot them a mile away – think the bros on Jersey Shore and you’ll immediately understand what I’m talking about. That’s not sexy. I know confidence is difficult to achieve, but it is possible. Take a long hard look at yourself in the mirror and find the things you like about yourself, focus on those things. Think about what makes you different and interesting and learn to love and embrace what makes you you. This can still be really hard for people, so dare I say you can even fake confidence, I did it for years. The beauty about that is more often than not, faking confidence will turn into real confidence. You learn to become comfortable with yourself on a different level and before you know it you’ll be the one walking into that room feeling secure.

It’s the cellphone charger that Sylvie Surette remembers most vividly. She discovered the body on Oct. 30, 2010 and left social work two months later. “I came in at 4 p.m. for the shift change. She hadn’t been talking much, but they weren’t worried about her. Teenage girls didn’t have a tendency to talk much when they were there,” said Surette, who was working at the Moncton Crisis Intervention Centre the night of the suicide. Her voice trembles and she closes her eyes as she describes what happened next. “The phone rang for her and I went upstairs to get her. I knocked on her door, but she wasn’t answering, so I opened it. She was in the corner of the room with her cell phone charger around her neck.” Surette, 27, was a social worker for just three years before becoming one of many to burnout from the demands of the job. During those years, she bounced through several jobs including a group home for teenage girls, child protection services, and a mobile crisis unit, bookended by her time at the crisis intervention centre. John Coates is the director of the social work program at St. Thomas University. “Many people have really stressful jobs, but they cope because they have personal and professional supports. Burnout is the prolonged existence of stresses with the prolonged absence of supports,” he said. When someone experiences burnout, they may get fatigued, frustrated, sick or depressed. There are psychological and physical symptoms, including frequent headaches and muscle aches, increased anxiety and irritability. Social work students are taught to “become self-aware of their own needs and issues,” Coates said. “It’s also important to have a fairly honest and open relationship with supervisors and colleagues. Self-care is making sure you have on-going supports both at work and at home.” One thing people can do to avoid burnout is to rotate through different jobs. Changing roles and responsibilities can help keep stress

down and prevent burnout. “I knew child protection wasn’t for me because you have to tell the parents what to do. Telling people what to do is not why I went in to social work,” Surette said. Like many, Surette went in to social work to help people. She now believes she probably went in to social work to help herself, having made the decision in Grade 9 after four students in her school committed suicide. “It’s the wrong reason,” she said. “But a lot of people go into social work to help themselves. I find myself lucky to have realized that it was for the wrong reasons I went into it.” Coates said one of the challenges of social work is that there is an increased demand for social services when the economy is struggling. “At the same time the government needs to cut back, the problems go up. It’s a real problem to balance that out.” According to Surette, suicides don’t often happen in crisis centres, because when people get there they are looking for help. A lot of the work is giving clients a safe place to stay and a friendly person to talk to while the connections are made for clients to have access to resources, such as counselling, when they leave. After discovering the suicide, Surette finished her shift in an empty house. An ambulance came and removed the body, reports were filed, and the other client that had been in the house at the time was relocated to a hospital for the evening. She started smoking again, and was told by her boss not to take more than a couple pays off. “I don’t know if I was ready to go back after one or two days. I did go back, and I stayed for a month and a bit...I kept seeing her. Just being in the house, I kept replaying everything in my head to the point where I crashed.” After that initial crash, Surette took two weeks off, then two months. After three months off, she took a job at a call centre. With a degree from Université de Moncton under her belt already, Surette was able to get two-and-a-half years of credit towards a bachelor of arts at STU. She makes a living doing freelance writing through a website and plans to major in journalism. “It’s been a rough ride, but it’s getting a lot better. It’s good.”


The question of God A student finds peace of mind on her own terms never truly believed it. I see that now, but I couldn’t before. When I got home that sumIt was a diversity lecture taking mer, the first one after university, place during training week for the I could barely handle it. After eight house committees of St. Thomas Unimonths in Fredericton making my versity. The lecturer had us stand up, own decisions and living with my and take part in an activity where we friends only a minute’s walk away, were to take a step forward if the statethe three months at home were ment applied to us, and to take a step torture. back if it didn’t. My family lives in the middle of The first questions were simple, but nowhere, and I only really kept in as it moved on they became more difcontact with two or three people ficult. Many of the questions were from high school. ones I had to re-evaluate myself on, My home was now in but the one that was most difficult Fredericton. to answer was, “I believe in God.” other values I held as well, That wasn’t the worst part After struggling to figure out though. What was, was havwhat I really did believe in, I took ing to go to church every sina step back. gle Sunday. I hadn’t gone to When I went back to take my church once in university, and seat, the look on my friend’s face hearing my minister’s preachmade me realize how much I hid ing frustrated me. became my mindset—not just from othIt was at this time that I deers, but from myself. I had taken cided I didn’t believe in God. I on unfamiliar philosophies simply couldn’t. But even then it was to rebel against my parents. Now, I difficult to accept. knew they were true for me. I wasn’t unsure. Still, God, who played such Being honest about what I daddy’s little girl anymore. a large part in my family’s life, sim- believed was probably the best *** ply wasn’t that important to me even thing I’ve done for myself. I’m not My parents have always been the when I did believe in Him. my parents, and that’s why I went straight-laced, Christian, military I was questioning other values I to STU. types. When I was born, Dad was sta- held as well, but the question of reliMy parents don’t know about tioned at Canadian Forces Base, Lahr, gion became an obsession. It wasn’t my revelation, but I think they’ve Germany. Before the age of five, I had just Christianity that I was researching guessed. It’s not necessary to tell bounced around from base to base, in my spare time, but other religions as them just yet, though. Let them ending up in a small town in the middle well. I don’t know why the subject took continue thinking I’m daddy’s litof nowhere on Prince Edward Island. such a hold on me, but it caused me to tle girl; it doesn’t bother me and They say the first five years of your sign-up for a religious studies course in it makes them happy. They aren’t life define who you are for the rest of my first-year of university. pushing me to go to church, and your life. Well, my first five years were I grew into myself in that first year. they rarely take a great interest a strict routine of waking up at 7 a.m., I was more at ease with the people in my life, anyway. As long as my eating supper at 5 p.m., and going to around me, I learned to smile more friends know, and I don’t have bed at 8 p.m. quickly than I frowned and I spoke my to hide around them, then I’m I had near-constant attention from mind more easily than before. I told happy. my parents, and I believed they knew myself I had finally grown up, but I And truly, I am happy. Mallory MacDonald The Aquinian

best. It wasn’t until about Grade 7 when they realized that my brother was a much better child than me, that I had decided to change. I was still going to church at that time, but I began to question what they were teaching me. I became obsessed with religion, looking up passages in the Bible and corresponding historical records of the occurrence. By Grade 10, I was telling myself I didn’t believe in God, though I was

I was questioning

but the question of



o b sess i o n .

For a long time, Mallory MacDonald struggled with the beliefs her family holds. Now, she says she is free from them. (Tom Bateman/AQ)


Let them eat cake 2 tbsp soy milk 2 tbsp unsweetened cocoa powder 2 tsp vanilla extract


Georgia Brown’s vegan chocolate cake. (Georgia Brown/AQ)

This weekend, I got a serious chocolate craving. I wanted a big piece of delicious chocolate cake and I remembered a recipe I made for my dad for Father’s Day. This cake is incredible - and I’m not exaggerating. It’s chocolatey, moist and sweet and totally satisfying. And I’m not just saying that it’s good by vegan standards. My dad is a serious chocoholic and when I gave him a piece, he ate it so quickly I was afraid he might choke. When he was done, he said, “But I thought you were vegan?” I told him the cake was 100 per cent vegan, no eggs, no milk. He looked at me like I had just told him I graduated with honours a year early (sorry dad, but no way is that happening). He ate three more pieces. My point?

Not all vegan treats are worse than the originals. Sometimes, the vegan options are even more delicious. Don’t believe me? Make this cake and I’ll prove you wrong.

Cake Ingredients:

1 1/4 cups flour 1 cup sugar (I used brown sugar) 1/3 cup unsweetened cocoa powder 1 tsp baking soda 1/2 tsp salt 1 cup warm water 1 tsp vanilla extract 1/3 cup vegetable oil 1 tsp distilled white or apple cider vinegar Chocolate Glaze: 1/2 cup sugar 4 tbsp margarine

1. Preheat oven to 350. 2. Mix all the dry cake ingredients together in a bowl. 3. Add the wet ingredients and mix well. 4. Pour into a cake pan and throw in the oven for 30 minutes. 5. Once the cake is done (stick a toothpick in the middle, if it comes out clean, it’s done) let it cool and begin the chocolate glaze. 6. Mix the sugar, margarine, soy milk and cocoa powder together in a pan. Bring to a boil. Keep stirring for two minutes. (If it looks clumpy, that’s okay! It’s just the bubbles). 5. Turn off heat and add vanilla extract. Stir for another five minutes. 6. Pour over chocolate cake and let sit for about an hour. (Or until glaze has hardened). 7. Enjoy!

Men’s Hockey

Getting back to centre ice Many Canadian kids dream of pulling on an NHL jersey for real. As the Tommies’ Chris Morehouse found out, it’s not just about getting a taste of the big leagues; it’s about remembering what got you there in the first place. As I stand at centre ice, the noise in the rink is electric. I look across the ice and I am staring into the logo of the New York Rangers. I look down at my jersey and can’t believe I’ve made it. For that moment, I’m representing the St. Louis Blues and am part of an NHL team. The rest of the NHL rookie tournament was a blur for me. When the tournament wraps up, our team gets on our private plane and travels back to St. Louis. A week later, I’m sitting in the locker room looking around at “blue notes” on the wall when the head coach at the time, Andy Murray, calls me into his office. Within five minutes my dream of playing in the NHL is stalled; next stop is Peoria, IL and the American Hockey League. All I wanted to do was get back to that moment at centre ice. With just that taste of the NHL, I knew my life would never be the same. *** At a young age, I knew that if I was going to be successful in hockey it was going to be because of hard work. It’s my passion and love for the game that separates me from players with better skills. Growing up in the Saint John minor hockey system, I was never a standout. By the time I was 14, I knew that I wasn’t going to be any taller then 5’8”. I realized that if I was going to be able to play against bigger players my physical conditioning was essential. Doing whatever it takes, like fighting guys twice my size and blocking shots, was what gave me the opportunity at an NHL camp. I would play whatever role was needed. I remember sitting on my grandfather’s lap in front of a fire and telling him I wanted to play in the NHL some day. He told me anything can happen if I work hard and stay true to myself. *** After just one week at the AHL level, I found myself on a ninehour flight to Alaska to play for the Alaska Aces of the East Coast Hockey League. Even though it’s my third team in three weeks, I am excited to start my pro career and work my way back to the top. It didn’t take long for me to make my mark. On my first shift, on my first shot, I score my first goal. After being named first star of the game and praised by my coach, I really thought it was the start of great things to come in Alaska. Just four weeks into my pro career and trips to Vegas, California, and Idaho, I really liked the way things were going. That all changed when Alaska signed a couple of veteran forwards. I’ve never been traded, so hearing those words was very tough. Just when I was getting settled into Alaska, I was

Chris Morehouse got a taste of the NHL, but after losing his opportunity, he’s striving to get back there once again. (Tom Bateman/AQ) gone. My next adventure led me to Cincinnati. After battling it out in Cincinnati for four months, I woke up one morning unable to lift my right arm above my head. After MRI’s, x-rays and many doctor visits, my only option was surgery. I was devastated. Although not playing was tough, my coaching staff in Cincy gave me the opportunity to join them for playoffs. It was their way of having me help the team even though I could no longer play. Instead of sulking, I was part of something special. More than 13,000 fans stood and cheered as the clock wound down. After an up-and-down season full of trades and injuries, for me to lift the Kelly Cup (ECHL championship)

over my head made it all worth it. Nobody can take that away. *** During a course of a hockey season, life can sometimes get repeti-

you’re free to do what you please. For a young guy it’s a great lifestyle. Your living expenses are paid for, you have lots of time to party, and your only real worry is to perform

tive. You get up and go to practice at the rink. Hockey becomes your in the morning, then workout. Be- life and it’s easy to lose focus of fore noon, your day is done and reality.

I remember everything about that day, Oct. 17, 2010, like it just happened. To hear the words “your grandfather died” was like a knife through my heart. Suddenly everything I loved about hockey had vanished. My grandfather, whom I spent every summer with since I was a child, always believed in me. When my dad left our family when I was 11, my grandfather was my rock, he helped me stay on the right path. When I was in need of advice or encouragement, he was always there for me. If not for him, I would have gone down a much different path. The last time I saw him was the summer before he died when I was home visiting. He told me how proud he was of me and how I turned out to be a very respectful young man. Those words brought me to tears. Unable to go home for the funeral because of my hockey schedule, my focus was anywhere but the rink. After a bad weekend on the ice, I was traded to Greenville, S.C. After three more games and less than two weeks, I was released from Greenville. Sitting in my apartment with moving boxes all around me, I tried to figure out what’s next. With my shoulder still in intense pain and my heart not fully in it, I didn’t want to go to any other pro teams. I decided to pick up my computer and send an email to the then head coach of St. Thomas University men’s hockey team, Mike Eagles. *** My beard is full of snow as I slip my way up the campus hill. The crisp air sends chills down my whole body. It’s a long way from feeling the California sun against my face. The days of playing afternoon golf in January are over for now. It’s been almost a full year since I arrived in Fredericton. Going to school while waiting to regain my eligibility – the hardest part of leaving pro – is almost over. With my shoulder almost 100 per cent, and my first game later this month, the excitement is building. I am at a good place in my life. Being a student athlete has allowed me to appreciate my time at the rink and put life in perspective. I know my grandfather, a principal for more than 50 years, would be proud. I’m hoping to combine my love for the game with a journalism degree. Reaching the pro hockey ranks in some way, shape, or form is still my goal. My love of the game is back.



Women crush Holland College; men fall short

Rob Johnson The Aquinian

The men’s and women’s basketball teams continued their seasons with each playing the Holland College Hurricanes over the weekend. After both teams defeated Crandall last weekend, they were looking to keep their perfect records alive. The women’s Tommies got off to a hot start in the first quarter. They controlled the tempo the entire time on route to a 19-7 lead after one quarter. The second was a little bit of a different story with Holland battling back and keeping the game interesting, but a late serge by the Tommies before the half gave them a commanding lead after 20 minutes of play. If there was something the Tommies didn’t do well in the half it was their free throws; they only shot 5 for 16 in the first half. The second half started in a very similar fashion to the first, with St. Thomas powering to an early lead behind three pointers from Renee Leblanc who also led the team in scoring with 18. The defense played a vital role in keeping the Hurricanes off the scoreboard in the Men’s Hockey

second half. While the Tommies defense looked the best it had all year, the scoring for The Tommies was just as impressive. It was spread out the entire game with rookies Kelly Vass chipping in with 12 and Hillary Goodine adding 11 to the win. In the end, STU beat the Hurricanes 82-44 to advance their regular season record to 3-0. *** The men’s game started off in dominant fashion for Holland College, but ultimately ended up being a very exciting contest. The Hurricanes shot lights out in the first half, especially from behind the arc. They shot over 50 per cent from the three point line in the first 20 minutes with Corey Hollett doing most of the damage with 22 points. The Hurricanes ran with it and eventually took a 20 plus point lead into the locker room. “I’ve never seen shooting like that before, but we had to figure a way to stop it in the second half,” said Tommies assistant coach Scott MacLeod . In the shadow of the Hurricanes brilliant first half was Nathan Mazurkiewics equally as impressive half with 20


Men’s Hockey SMU 2 STU 1 Women’s Hockey STU 4 SMU 2 STU 2 St.FX 5 Women’s Volleyball NSAC 1 STU 3

Upcoming: Nov.16 Corey Delong watches his shot as he falls between two Holland College defenders. (Tom Bateman/AQ)

Men’s Basketball STU @ Maine Ma-

points of his own to keep the Tommies in contention. They came flying out of the gate to start the second half, where they went on a 23-6 run in the third to put them right back in the game. Everyone was chipping in for the Tommies at both ends. The comeback continued in the fourth where they Women’s Volleyball

outscored Holland again with help by Stefan Bielecki with 12 points and Richie Wilkins adding nine. However, the comeback ended just short, with a couple of timely missed shots in the last minute and they eventually lost the game 72-69. The loss dropped their record to 2-1 on the season.

chias 8 p.m. Women’s Volleyball STU @ UNBSJ 6 p.m. Men’s Volleyball STU @ UNBSJ 8 p.m. Nov.18 Men’s Hockey UDEM @ STU LBR 7 p.m. Nov.19

Tommies goalie Charles Lavigne stopped every shot he faced in Saturday’s shootout win over St. Fx. (Alex Solak/For the AQ)

STU lady Tommies cheer after scoring a point against NSAC (Tom Bateman/AQ)


The real lesson from Penn State This has been the year of the college football controversy in America. Thankfully, we’ve spent as much time discovering these “scandals” (The tattoo five at Ohio State, Jim Tressel, Reggie Bush, USC’s stripped national title, Nevin Shaprio, Cecil Newton, Stanley McClover, Josh Luchs, Willie Lyles) as deconstructing the silliness of them (Taylor Branch in The Atlantic). And then the Penn State sex scandal broke, and this has nothing to do with the NCAA and the failure to keep boosters at bay. This has to with the failure of allegedly keeping children safe. And we can blame this mess on the power of college football. If you’ve read this far, you probably know the details about what happened in Station College, Pennsylvania. (And if not, introduce yourself to Sara Ganim of The Patriot-News.) Imagine a world where a retiring professor receives in his package an office and complete access to the all of the university

services. It’s as preposterous as a kid running away from home, but still wanting an allowance. But that’s what Jerry Sandusky was afforded after retiring from his position as defensive coordinator in 1999. This helped enable him to perform the crimes with young boys that he allegedly committed. (The former Penn State assistant coach from 1969-99 has been charged - not convicted, it’s an important distinction - with 40 counts of sexually abusing eight boys during a 15-year period.) Imagine a world where the biggest classroom in a institution for higher learning, is a place called Beaver Stadium and holds over 107,000 people - the second biggest stadium in North America, where 20 of the 25 largest sports arenas are homes to college football teams - and the only knowledge gained is if they can convert on third down against an Ohio State blitz. And imagine a world where a man who

by all reports looks like he enabled this alleged behavior to go on, who knew of these despicable crimes but only informed higher-ups at his place of employment instead of calling the cops, was cheered outside his home like William & Kate on their wedding day. But the amazing scene of long-time Nittany Lions football coach/most-important-man-on-campus-since-1966 Joe Paterno standing outside of his home last Wednesday night with his wife Sue in his arms waving to a group of sycophants outside of his home and saying, “Right now, I’m not the football coach. And I’ve got to get used to that,” speaks to the real issue. Which brings us to the issue of being a fan. The definition of fanatical (filled with excessive and single-minded zeal) corrupts the understanding by current Penn State students and the alumni base. This man should not be supported for being a hero - like those outside his home and the disgraceful student “reporters” at the Board of Trustees press conference and the students who were acting like kids, on the streets tipping over vans all in the name of protecting Paterno State football - he should be condemned for not doing enough to stop this behavior and protect the kids who were harmed.

The 84-year-old Paterno is a legitimate icon who belongs, at worst, in the discussion for the Mount Rushmore of college coaches with Bryant, Robinson, McKay, Paraseghian, Bowden, Hayes, Neyland and Schembechler. The Penn State athletics program, according to an ESPN Outside The Lines report, generated a surplus of almost $19.5 million in 2009. The athletic director, school president and lionized head coach, among others, choose to protect the golden goose instead of protecting these golden children. One of my dear friends, who doesn’t particularly care for sports, told me earlier this year that “university is for learning.” While I thought the sentiment was more idealistic than realistic - because I’d argue a large percentage of people go to university to major in booty-chasin’, video games and chillin’ on daddy’s dime - all of the virtues that athletics can bring to a university, like a sense of camaraderie and an understanding of competition, have now been corrupted and the question about its real purpose has to be asked. With all of this established only one conclusion can be made: college football in the United States is too big for its own good.

Women’s Basketball NSAC @ STU South Gym 2 p.m. Men’s Basketball NSAC @ STU 4 p.m. Men’s Hockey STU @ UPEI 7 p.m. Women’s Volleyball MTA @ STU South Gym 7 p.m. Nov.20 Women’s Hockey STU @ UPEI 5 p.m. Women’s Volleyball MTA @ STU South Gym 1 p.m. Women’s Basketball STU @ UNBSJ 12 p.m. Men’s Basketball STU @ UNBSJ 2 p.m.


Avec / With

DJ Double B 1 9 ANS +

Le samedi 19 novembre à 21 h Saturday, November 19 at 9 pm Au Centre communautaire Sainte-Anne At the Centre communautaire Sainte-Anne 1 9 ANS +

715, rue Priestman St.

Billets / Tickets : 10 $

En vente à la réception du CCSA, au 453-2731 ou au On sale at the front desk of the CCSA, at 453-2731 or online at

Renseignements / Info : 453-2731

Centre de ressources pour les familles des militaires de Gagetown

Karla Russel

N ew


Issue 09  

The Aquinian issue 9 for Nov. 15, 2011

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