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The History and Origin of Spa


The 3 Types of Spa

6 Healing Through Water



Health Benefits of Spa Treatments


Around the Globe in Bathing and Spa

14 Current Spa Movement 16 Different Types of Spa Treatments 18 DermaLife Spa Pods 19 Alumni Success Story 21 Fun Facts 22 Diploma of Beauty at AIAS


THE ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF SPA Over centuries many cultures have utilised natural bodies of water to cleanse the soul, mind and body; as such the term ‘spa’ that we use today has many alternate claims on its exact origin. The most commonly accepted origin is the town of Spa in Belgium named after the iron rich thermal springs which were called ‘Espa’ meaning fountain, previously referred to in Roman times as ‘Aquae Spadanae’. From these words we locate the common term spa, which in Latin means ‘health through water’; this term is the one that is used today to express the many forms of water based or related treatments. Spa practices have been undertaken by numerous cultures for centuries. Almost every region and religion has a background that at some time involved the use of natural presentations of water treasured either for their mineral content or their temperature. These washing rituals were often the focal point or addition to treatments like steaming, massage and exercise. Roman baths are the most notable example of the use of spas. Many cultures and regions subsumed by the Roman Empire and in particular Greece contributed to their development and evolution.

Reference:‘Origin of Spa’ accessed from:

Many other ancient societies and religious sects (particularly the Egyptians, Israelites, and East Asian cultures) have also had profound effects on elements of modern spa treatments. However the Roman influence is considered the most profound in the development of modern spa techniques.


THE 3 TYPES OF SPA Spas have been gaining popularity over the last few years due to an increased awareness in their effects on the body and mind, as they allow us to take a step back from our modern lifestyle. Full body and mind immersion in wellness and positivity creates a deep resonance within the spirit, environment and body that often causes people to become more aware of how their choices impact upon their overall vitality and that of those around them. Take a look below at the 3 types of spa: Day spas Day spas

Day spas are generally found within hotels and provide basic spa facilities; they often have a range of treatments like massages, facials and body wraps. Day spas are generally sought out as an addition to a holiday as a ‘treat’ and the services provided are likely to be focused on relaxation and not have long term goals or aims; the treatment is seen as a reward and not necessarily the beginning of a wellness journey. These facilities can be luxurious but are usually not as comprehensive or large as those at a destination spa.

Destination spas Destination spas


Destination spas offer an all-encompassing lifestyle retreat that provides in depth bespoke treatments developed specifically for you as an individual. Destination spas are usually located in beautiful natural surroundings and include accommodation, meal plans, exercise regimes, spa treatments, beauty treatments and even medical supervision. These spas allow us to be removed from the stresses and responsibilities of everyday life. They provide intensive tailor made treatment plans with a specific goal or target. It is not uncommon for day spas to offer rehabilitation services for drug and alcohol abusers, corporate exhaustion, and even depression and anxiety.

Natural spas Natural spas

Natural spas are communal bathing pools of natural muds or waters often surrounded by retreat style spas that offer treatments. These pools are usually found in stunning natural settings but they can also be manmade pools fed by a natural spring. The benefit of natural spas is that they are rich in minerals and natural resources that have great benefits to the overall spa treatment and rejuvenation process. Reference: Day, A. & Nordman, L. (2012) ‘Professional Beauty Therapy: Australia & New Zealand Edition’ (1st Ed.) South Melbourne, VIC. Cengage Learning Australia



People, even more than things, have to be restored, renewed, revived, reclaimed, and redeemed.


Audrey Hepburn

HEALING THROUGH WATER Water can affect the body in many ways, whether it’s the chemical constituents of the water, the temperature or simply the method of application. These factors can all produce varying physiological and psychological effects in the body. We all know that water is one of the most accessible resources on our planet and what’s interesting is that the human body is made up of 50-65% water; this highlights the significance between this natural resource and our body. In spa treatments, water is used either to generate temperature changes in the body or assist remineralisation via the addition of minerals - known as hydrotherapy. Hydrotherapy can stimulate the body with jets, pumps or fountains which causes turbulence in the water and encourages blood and lymphatic flow. This process assists in the removal and renewal of nutrients within these systems. Motion partnered with temperature alterations can enact tremendous change in the mind, body and spirit. Hot water is great for relaxation of blood flow (vasodilation) and easing of tension, pain and fatigue. Cold water helps with tightening of the tissues and blood vessels (vasoconstriction).

Reference:: Learner Guide ‘Plan Spa Programs - SIBBSPA502A’ accessed from



Disengages you from the daily stress of life, rejuvenating and relaxing your body and mind.

Helps you slow down allowing your body to re-generate.

Improves blood circulation, sending more oxygen and nutrients through your body’s cells.

Stimulates the lymphatic system to remove toxins from the body.

Releases serotonin and enhances the “feel good” mood.

Relieves chronic pain such as arthritis, sciatica and muscle spasms.

Body exfoliating treatments polish your skin, promote cells regeneration, refine pores and offer skin relief.

Water is yin and yang – when your body is submerged in water, you are truly balanced.

Heat treatments initiate a purifying process by stimulating your blood circulation.

Body wraps re-mineralise your body with nutrients and boost moisture in your skin.

Reference: Day, A. & Nordman, L. (2012) ‘Professional Beauty Therapy: Australia & New Zealand Edition’ (1st Ed.) South Melbourne, VIC. Cengage Learning Australia


Skin therapist (noun)

An educated professional trained to read your skin’s past, treat your skin’s present, and guide you to a healthy skin future.

AROUND THE GLOBE IN BATHING AND SPA Let’s take a look at how different cultures have engaged in almost unchanged bathing rituals for centuries.

Turkish Hammam Turkish Hammams (also known as baths) are an adaptation of the Roman bath that was taken on by the Ottoman Turks. A Turkish Hammam consists of steam rooms, treatment areas for massage and body scrubbing as well as cold rooms. Turkish Hammams focus on cleansing and massage with most of the treatment spent on steaming and only finishing in a bath. These baths were and are areas of social congregation and discourse for both men and women. These bathhouses have always been a part of popular Turkish culture and many of the original Turkish Hammams are still in use today.

References: ‘The Basics of a Turkish Bath’ Ceylan Zere, 2013 accessed from stories/2013-02-27/hammam-turkish-bath-explained ‘The History of Spas Timeline: Evolution of the Journey so far…’ Sam Rutter, Swim University, accessed from


Japanese Baths Bathing in thermal and mineral deposits of water is enjoyed in Japanese society. Sent are communal bath houses where socialising and soaking take place together. The popularity of Sent has declined as most people prefer to have personal baths at home, however it is still held in high regard by some people who believe a bond is born between the souls of people when sharing the waters at such close proximity. Onsen is the Japanese terminology for hot spring. Onsen baths are treasured for their mineral content and are popular tourist destinations usually surrounded by spa and hotel facilities.


Russian Banya Russian Banyas date back to 945AD and the ritual has barely changed since. A Russian Banya is a traditional steam room in which time is spent in a steamy heated cabin known as the first ‘sweat’. After this, the body is cooled through the use of an ice pool or rolling in snow, after which the Banya is reentered for a second sweat and so forth and so on. Felt hats are traditionally worn inside a Banya to shield the head from the high temperatures while branches of white birch or oak are used to beat the body stimulating blood flow.

References: ‘Bathing was uncommon in medieval Europe’2011, accessed from http://www.


Finnish Sauna The most common and simplest of traditional baths that is still used in the industry today are Finnish saunas. With a rich and revered past in Finnish culture these saunas provide a welcome break from the cold climate of the region. The social bonding Finnish saunas create is admired so much that often business partnerships and deals will end in a sauna session by the parties involved as celebration. What’s fascinating is that even today this tradition is widely popular with a sauna population of over 3 million; almost every household has a sauna (including student accommodations).


Native American and Canadian Sweat Lodges Sweat lodges in the Native American and Canadian cultures have had precedence for spiritual cleansing and fulfillment. These lodges are usually made from natural materials, where stones are heated and offerings like animal materials and herbs are burnt or massaged upon the leader or members of the congregation. There are many different tribes throughout America and Canada each of which have their own interpretations, rituals and offerings that they use during such ceremonies. Sweat baths as they are known have various motivations behind them but are most commonly associated with healing of the body and spirit.



The current spa movement is really focused on fusion- the fusion

As the number of spas has grown, so has knowledge about the

of ancient techniques and methods with modern knowledge and

benefits they provide beyond simple relaxation, with the focus of spa

practices. In the past, spa treatments have had limited accessibility

treatments shifting to encapsulate psychological and physiological

to the everyday person and were often only part of a holiday

balance. This holistic approach is bolstered by new technologies,

when the focus of the treatment was pampering and stress

techniques and cutting edge products.

relief. Nowadays spa treatments and facilities are found almost everywhere and range in affordability, making them more accessible on a day to day basis.

The fusion of the ancient techniques of hydrotherapy partnered with developments in science and product technologies along with the appreciation of the spiritual benefits is the future of spa culture.



Sometimes the most productive thing you can do is relax.


Mark Black


Hydrotherapy Hydrotherapy is a term used to encompass any treatment that utilises water including thermal, mineral, herbal and massage treatments. Jets are used to provide stimulation and any variables such as temperature or additives help soothe and nourish the body. Hydrotherapy treatments can increase circulation which aids in increased nutrient and oxygen flow to the organs and systems of the body, whilst soothing and slowing down the mind and creating an aura of calm and wellbeing.


See below for a few treatments that fall under Hydrotherapy:


Kneipp Therapy


Balneotherapy treatments involve the use of natural mineral waters; this can include the use of hot springs, mineral waters and sea waters.

Consisting of physical exercise, specialised diet and a regime of herbal baths, showers and natural compresses, the main focus of Kneipp therapy is the immersion of the patient in hot and cold waters.

Thalassotherapy treatments include the use of sea waters to invigorate and heal the body; thalasso is Greek for sea, which indicates the origin of this treatment.

Known to improve circulation, strengthen immunity, remineralise the body and provide pain and stress relief, Balneotherapy has been utilised by many cultures from all over the world. Although it has no real origin, we do know that the Greek cultures were practicing healing through the use of Balneotherapy as early as the 5BC.

Pastor Sabastian Kneipp developed this therapy in Germany in the 1800s with the goal to stimulate or relax the body and mind. The addition of medicinal herbs in the form of compresses and oils assists the treatment goal.

Reference: Learner Guide ‘Work in a Spa Therapies Framework - SIBBSPA501A’ accessed from

Baths of salt water with powerful jet massage or manual massage help to remineralise the body, skin and hair. Body wraps of seaweed or algae are also used in Thalassotherapy and can have various effects on the skin and body.


DERMALIFE SPA PODS Key Features • 10 Progressive Pre-Set Programs • Steam System for the whole body • Radiant Heat • Hydrofusion • Tropical Rain System Innovative thinking, premium design and exclusive functions are the driving

• LED Light Spectrum

forces behind Dermalife’s new multi-sensory spa systems.

• Vibration Bed with Pulsation Feature

Representing a system of balance and restoration and creating a revolutionary

• Vitamin and Mineral and Aroma Systems

improvement for spa and skincare treatments, our DermaLife spa jet capsule

• Cool Facial Air

offers you a truly holistic experience.

• Deluxe Color LCD Display

Our spa capsules are the world’s most versatile spa machines. Use of the

The Dermalife spa jet is just one of the state-of-the-

spa capsule is customised to your particular body type and health needs.

art technology products we give our students exclusive

The functionality of this machine enables us to provide many treatments and

access to learn and practice with, giving them real world

benefits that will help you improve your health and change your life.

experience as they study.

The Dermalife spa jet allows AIAS to offer you relaxing sensory experience

At our AIAS student clinics we offer professional services

and feeling of total well-being by incorporating muds, seaweeds, gels, wraps,

at affordable prices. Go on then, book yourself a spa

masks, sprays, salt-glows and extracts from natural sources in a high-tech

treatment and enjoy a truly relaxing experience and take

capsule environment.

the first step to improving your mind, body and soul.


ALUMNI SUCCESS STORY - LYUBOV AIAS Diploma of Beauty (SHB50115) graduate Lyubov Akkushimova is paving her path in the world of beauty and spa. Learn more about her success to be inspired: What has life after graduating from AIAS been like? “After graduating from the Diploma of Beauty in 2015, I moved to the Gold Coast and was offered my first and current role in the beauty industry at The Golden Door Gold Coast Day Spa. I love my job more and more every day!” What is your work environment like? “The Golden Door Day Spa & Health Club at Main Beach is a complete facility for both fitness and spa. Located on the beachfront at the Main Beach beside the Sheraton hotel, the spa itself has over 10 qualified employees holding the capacity to cater for large group treatments.” What treatments do you perform at your work place? • Massages in aromatherapy, Swedish and hot stone • Customised and signature facials for men and women • Body treatments such as exfoliations, body wraps, Vichy shower and de-stress packages • Hand & feet spa as well as waxing & tinting


What is your favourite spa treatment you enjoy doing? “My favourite treatment is the De-Stress Ritual which is 2.5 hours in duration and includes re-mineralising, full body salt peel, hydrating body wrap and an express facial with a scalp massage, followed by a relaxing milk bath and finished off with an indulging aroma massage. Pure heaven!” How has your spa beauty training at AIAS prepared you for the workforce? “Very well! I gained a solid foundation of knowledge allowing me to find my first job. All the courses can be built upon with further practice after graduation; as a graduate I was prepared to learn more specific skills to my spa role using different products which has helped me stay up to date with the modern trends.” What would you say to people considering studying beauty therapy and spa at AIAS? “AIAS is a great choice not only because of the high education standards and great salon facilities but also because of an absolutely amazing, talented, very passionate and professional team of trainers. AIAS trainers guide you and open up your future career opportunities; the support makes your journey at AIAS a positive and unforgettable one.”


FUN FACTS Thinking of becoming a beauty therapist specialising in

As you can see, there are many opportunities are available to

spa treatments? Here are some fun facts and figures on

passionate beauty therapists around Australia. Check how your

the beauty therapy job outlook:

state stacks up below:




BY 2020

Unemployment for beauty therapists is below average. Source 1

Looking forward to November 2020, employment for beauty therapists is expected to grow very strongly. Source 1



Employment for beauty therapists has risen strongly in both the short term (past five years) and the long term (past ten years).

beauty therapists are expected to be employed in Australia by November 2018 (up 13.5% from 2013)

Source 1

Source 2

Source: Job Outlook

Source 1: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Employment trend data to Nov 2015 and Department of Employment projections to 2020 Source 2: Beauty 2015 Environmental Scan Snapshot’ Service Skills Australia



Do you like to make people feel wonderful with skin rejuvenating

Beauty Training Salons and discover what it takes to make it

facials and serene spa treatments? Then a career as a beauty

in the beauty industry. Some of your practical classes will even

therapist is for you. Start your journey; study a Diploma Beauty

involve working in teams, allowing you to test your skills within

Therapy (SHB50115).

real-work situations.

Blending beauty, massage (facial and body), make-up and nail

Enrolments are open! With flexible study options you can start at

technology services with industry-recognised placements, you will

a time that suits you online or on campus.

get the best of both worlds when you study at AIAS. Practice the latest spa treatment or bold lip on real-life clients in our dedicated

Got questions? Let’s have a chat, call 1300 880 933.


Let the beauty of what you love be what you do.



CONTACT Local call: 1300 880 933 Email: Brisbane Campus 337 Logan Road Stones Corner QLD 4120 Melbourne Campus 30 Church Lane Melbourne VIC 3000 Perth Campus 170 Wellington Street East Perth, WA, 6004

  #theaias  @AIASonline Provider Name (RTO): Study Group Australia Pty Limited, trading as Australian Institute of Applied Sciences (AIAS) RTO Code: 5806 CRICOS Code: 01682E


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