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Scheme launched to train BAME Diabetes Community Champions

Work harder and better days will surely come

page 3

THE GUIDE Respect Party nominates The new Tier 2 Paulette North rules Bristol mayoral Sponsored candidate skilled workers page 46

Exclusive interview with YolanDa “Red Tails” Brown, UK’s premier female saxophonist released in UK pages 10-11

page 16

page 13

Domestic abuse health crisis in postwar West Africa page15

Refugee Council: Child refugees still locked up as adults in UK page 8

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WHERE ACTION IS

More Than XY Exhibition

Tribute to Black Fathers & Positive Male Role Models

More Than XY, an exhibition that celebrates the role of fathers and positive role models in the Black community will be held in London from 17th to 30th June 2012.

The exhibition curated by Thenublack and the forFATHERS project, will be held at The Darnley Gallery, 1A Darnley Rd, E9 6QH London. The curators of More Than XY are mounting this show to increase the awareness of the fathers who are active parents in their children’s lives and to provide exposure for the artists expressing their views of fatherhood through visuals. The show is their way to challenge the often imbalanced portrayal of black men being absent fathers and negative role models. This exhibition celebrates not only the role of Black Fathers but also highlights the positive black male role models who play an integral part in the lives of young people growing up. More Than XY will also encourage visitors to the exhibition to not only view the works submitted by the artists, but to be a part of the exhibition themselves by

bringing photographs of their fathers/positive role models to be placed on a message wall where they will also be able to write messages to and about their fathers. Research shows that reading aloud to children is vital because it helps them acquire the information and skills they need in life. The More Than XY show will therefore include a story time section for young children attending the show which will include special guests reading some well-loved children’s stories to a small group of children. The first show will take place in London in June and then move to a gallery space in Brooklyn, New York in August. You can register for free tickets for the London exhibition by visiting: http://morethanxy.eventbrite.co.uk/

MORE THAN XY EXHIBITION 17th to 30th June 2012 The Darnley Gallery 1A Darnley Rd E9 6QH London Website: http://morethanxy.com/ Twitter: @MoreThanXY

Hazoumè holds ‘Cargoland’ exhibition at October Gallery Internationally acclaimed artist Romuald Hazoumè returns for an ambitious new exhibition at October Gallery in London from 28th June to 11th August 2012.

commonly found plastic petrol can, ubiquitous in his home country, Benin, both for fuelling mechanised change and causing fatal explosions when over-filled.

engage in this illegal and extremely dan- Arts and Design, New York and the Irish gerous activity for lack of a better alterna- Museum of Modern Art. tive. Hazoumè’s works are in prominent Hazoumè is a multi-faceted artist: a public and private collections around the painter, sculptor, pho- world, including the permanent collections tographer and film- of the British Museum, London; maker. His powerful Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane and Bringing together two largecreations mark him as Neue Galerie, Kassel. In 2007, Hazoumè scale installations, masks and one of the most inno- was awarded the Arnold-Bode-Prize at photographs ‘Cargoland’ is vative and exciting documenta 12. Hazoumè’s highly anticipated personalities to third exhibition at October emerge from Gallery. CARGOLAND EXHIBITION Africa. ‘Cargoland’ will feature H a z o u m è ’s new works that have never work first came to Dates: 28th June – 11th August 2012 been seen in Britain. prominence in the Venue: October Gallery, 24 Old Hazoumè’s works are UK with the Gloucester Street, London,WC1N humorous and wryly political. inclusion of his 3AL His assemblages and photos are “masks” in the Telephone: 020 7242 7367 specifically tied to his vision of Saatchi Gallery’s Opening hours: Tuesday – Saturday society and global problems. Water Cargo, 2012, Reconstituted motorcycle parts and ‘Out of Africa’ 12.30 - 5.30pm His practice often engages deep- plastic canisters, variable dimensions. Photo: Courtesy the show in 1992. Admission: Free ly with local and international artist In the past 20 Website: www.octobergallery.co.uk history to deliver incisive, sharp years his work has social commentary. ‘Cargoland’ places a spotlight on the been widely shown throughout Nearest tubes: Holborn/Russell The signature in all of his slightly illegal trade of petrol between Nigeria and Europe, the United States and Asia, Square irreverent, tongue-in-cheek and highly Benin and pays homage to the disabled including the British Museum, the Buses: 19, 25, 38, 55, 168 and 188 satirical work is his appropriation of the men, often beggars, who are driven to Guggenheim, Bilbao, the Museum of AFRONEWS | My Own Media Ltd. The Old Fire Station, 140 Tabernacle Street, London, EC2A 4SD, United Kingdom | EDITOR-IN-CHIEF: Stephen Ogongo Ongong'a | TEL: +44 (0)20 7300 7320 or +39 06 94354517 |Fax: 0207 253 23 06 | Email: afronews@myownmedia.co.uk | ADVERTISING: TEL: 020 7300 7320; 07846062331 | Email: sales@myownmedia. co.uk | DISTRIBUTION: Tojake Uk-Wade | Email: info@myownmedia.co.uk | PRINTING PRESS: Newsfax Ltd, London. | Advertiser and advertising agency assume liability for all content (including text representation, illustrations, and photographs) of advertisements printed or posted, and also assume responsibility for any claims arising there from made against the publisher | Supplement of Africa News, Registered at the Tribunal of Rome. Registration No. 22/2003 - 21-01-2003


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COMMUNITY

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Scheme launched to train BAME Diabetes Community Champions Diabetes UK has launched a national Diabetes Community Champions programme to train health workers from minority ethnic backgrounds to raise community awareness of diabetes risks and complications.

The programme is funded by the Department of Health. It is vital that people from minority ethnic communities have an understanding of diabetes because South Asian people are up to six times more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes than people of a White European background. South Asians with diabetes are also three times more likely to have heart disease. People of African Caribbean descent are up to three times more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes. South Asian and Black people are more at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes over the age of 25, rather than over 40 in the rest of the population. South Asian men are also at increased risk when their waist measures more than 25 inches, as opposed to more than 27 inches in other men. Diabetes Community Champions learn about the risk factors, symptoms, myths and misconceptions that are prevalent in some cultures. After training they go out into their communities to raise local awareness by holding events, giving talks and encouraging people at high risk of developing Type 2 diabetes to visit their local GP or community pharmacist for a diabetes test. The Community Champions scheme has been running successfully in London

for two years, training more than 150 health workers and community leaders from a variety of backgrounds including Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Nigerian,

Slough, involving health workers from a variety of ethnic backgrounds. Newly-trained Diabetes Community Champion, Angela Kakur, said: “My brother, Dad and grandparents all have diabetes,

Swindon, Ilford, Liverpool, Knowsley, Manchester, Bradford, Sheffield and Leeds. Type 2 diabetes can go undetected for up to ten years, and 50 per cent of people already show signs of complications by the

“My brother, Dad and grandparents all have diabetes, so I’ve become more aware of it and what I need to do to look after my own health. I can reach out to people of my own age in my local community and spread the word about the risks of developing Type 2 diabetes and the complications that can occur if diabetes isn’t managed well” Ms. Angela Kakur, Newly-trained Diabetes Community Champion

Somali and Polish. The Department of Health has now awarded Diabetes UK a grant of £116,000 through the Volunteering Fund National Awards for the programme to be rolled out across 12 English cities over the next two years. The first training using the Department of Health grant was recently completed in

so I’ve become more aware of it and what I need to do to look after my own health. I can reach out to people of my own age in my local community and spread the word about the risks of developing Type 2 diabetes and the complications that can occur if diabetes isn’t managed well.” Training is currently taking place in Luton and in Birmingham, and over the next two years it will also cover Leicester,

time they are diagnosed. Some of the serious long-term complications include heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness and amputation if the condition is not managed properly. Take an online risk assessment for Type 2 diabetes at: www.diabetes.org.uk/ riskscore Diabetes information in more than 20 different languages is available to download from: www.diabetes.org.uk/Other_ languages.

Language diversity key to London’s future English Yoruba and Igbo speakers among high achievers London has the potential of becoming a ‘global player’ by understanding and making best use of linguistic diversity among the city’s schoolchildren, a study has suggested.

The study funded by the Economic and Social Research

Council (ESRC) mapped the distribution of languages spoken by London state school pupils. Using data from the 2008 Annual School Census on the language spoken at home, the study revealed that 60% of London pupils record English as their first language while nearly 40% a minority language.

“There are over 40 languages spoken by more than 1,000 pupils. Bengali, Urdu and Somali are the top languages spoken,” said Professor Dick Wiggins of the Institute of Education, University of London. The Census showed that pupils in the ‘black African’ and ‘white other’ categories were among

both the high and the low achievers. Language provided an extra dimension: within the black African category, English Yoruba and Igbo speakers were among the high achievers, while within the ‘white other’ group, Spanish, English, German, Serbian/Croat/ Bosnian and French speakers appeared to be high achievers. “The language we speak often says more about us than our broad ethnic group; it gives researchers clues about where people come from and their likely socio-economic position, religion and culture,” said Professor Wiggins. “It is therefore of great value to public services or any organisation that use social data. Knowing where the speakers are can help target services where they are most needed, as well as helping public organisations and businesses find people with language skills, particularly the more unusual ones where there is a sud-

den need.” Professor Wiggins said there was need to develop and exploit the linguistic skills available in London. “Having speakers of all these languages means we have connections across the globe with other speakers of these languages. We are globally connected, which is an incredible benefit for international trade, particularly at this time when the balance of global economic power is changing and European economies are in such crisis,” he said. Stressing the advantage of language diversity, Professor Wiggins said: “Having all these cultures represented in one city is also a source of cultural and creative enrichment. We benefit from the cross fertilisation of ideas and it means we live in a more dynamic, multi-faceted society. And global cities attract global companies so it’s good for inward investment and tourism.”


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COMMUNITY

Respect Party nominates Paulette North Bristol mayoral candidate Paulette North has been selected as Respect Party’s candidate in the forthcoming mayoral elections in Bristol.

Paulette, 56, is a retired teacher. She was born in the East End of London to a Vietnamese father and a Jamaican mother. She is a prominent member of Bristol Defend Asylum Seekers Campaign, Vice Chair of the Board of Trustees of Avon and Bristol Law Centre. She is also a member of the steering group of the Bridges Art Project, a member of the National Union of Teachers, a supporter of Stop the War and convenor of Bristol BARAC (Black Activists Rising Against the Cuts). Paulette initiated Bristol’s Stephen Lawrence Memorial Lectures and is the presenter of the Thursday Outlook Show on Ujima local radio. She is no stranger to electoral campaigning. Paulette has stood three times for the Respect Party, for MP, MEP and in local council elections in Easton in 2007 where she secured over 19% of the vote. “We need to build on the expertise, cultural diversity and riches that we already have in this city,” Paulette says. “I would like to see people come first. It is a disgrace that this city, which is one of the most prosperous in the UK, also has some of the most deprived areas in the country. We need to give hope to our young

and rail transport has been a disaster – high fares, overcrowded trains and inadequate levels of service in many parts of the city”. Bristol Respect convenor Jerry Hicks has backed Paulette saying that “she understands the

sively underrepresented at the top level in Bristol politics,” Hilary says. “It is great that the first party nominee for mayor is a black woman with an outstanding record in uniting blacks and whites in the struggle for justice.

“We need to build on the expertise, cultural diversity and riches that we already have in this city. I would like to see people come first. It is a disgrace that this city, which is one of the most prosperous in the UK, also has some of the most deprived areas in the country” Ms. Paulette North, Respect Party’s Bristol mayoral candidate

people by restoring the Educational Maintenance Allowance. Businesses should be providing apprenticeships at proper rates of pay.” Paulette holds that Council tax should be replaced by a local income tax based on people’s ability to pay. She also holds that big businesses should be contrib-

uting much more. “We need to bring schools back under genuine accountable local control and stop them being forced or bribed to become academies,” Paulette says. “Our elders must be provided with good quality support by the council and the cuts made in community funding must be restored. The privatisation of bus

concerns of ordinary working people.” “Nobody thought Respect had a chance in Bradford but George Galloway is now an MP and we have five councillors in the city. The voters realised that the three main parties offer nothing but cuts in pay and services in response to the crisis created by the greed of bankers. We offer a message of hope that is being taken up by people across Europe,” Jerry says. Paulette has also been backed by Hilary Banks, Director of Signpost and Rite Direkshon. “Black people have been mas-

BARAC wholeheartedly endorses her nomination.” Paulette is married with two children, a son at Cardiff University and a daughter at Bristol University. Both attended Bristol local authority primary and secondary schools. Paulette is opposed to the excessive salaries paid to senior officials and would only accept the average working wage as mayor. She is also determined not to burden council tax payers with the costs of another layer of bureaucracy and would rely on existing council staff to support the work of the mayor.

Two boys jailed for repeatedly raping 11 year old girl just 13 at the time. He went on to rape the Detective Sergeant Kam Sodhi, based at Two boys who subjected an back to 2009. The pair had previously appeared at the victim again at his home about a week later Stratford, said: “This has been a truly 11-year-old girl to a campaign of shocking case in which a young child has sexual assaults have been jailed at same court charged with raping the girl despite her protests. between September 2009 and March 2010. Another offence took place in toilets at been subjected to the most appalling sexual Inner London Crown Court. Ibraheem Giwa, 15, of Wolsey Avenue E6 was sentenced to a total of five years imprisonment and his friend [B] a 16-yearold of the Newham area was jailed for a total of 12 months for the offences dating

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Giwa, who can now be named after the judge in the case, Judge Patricia Lees, lifted reporting restrictions, was named as the main instigator in the attacks. He was found guilty on 29th February 2012 of two counts of rape against a child under the age of 13 contrary to the Sexual Offences Act 2003. His 16-year-old friend had previously pleaded guilty to one count of rape against the same girl contrary to Sexual Offences Act 2003. Two other boys, a 16-year-old [C] and a 15-year-old [D], both from East Ham, were found not guilty on 29th February of raping the girl. The court heard how the victim was forced to endure a series of assaults by a gang operating in the Newham area. The teenage accomplices were said to have taken turns to rape her over several months at various locations. The first attack in Central Park, Beckton, on 21st September 2009 was by two boys. One was said to be Giwa, the alleged leader of the gang and its youngest member, aged

a McDonald’s restaurant in East Ham. abuse. What is equally shocking is the Other boys guarded the door to keep the similarly young age of her attackers. youngster inside while she was raped by the “The victim has shown immense cour16-year-old from Newham. age throughout her ordeal, the investigation After the attacks and the subsequent the boys would court case. At the time punch the girl to of the offences she was threaten her and just 11 years old. She ensure she did not stood in a court in front tell her family or of her attackers at the friends. She also age of 13 years.” experienced bullyIt is thought other ing on the internet five boys were involved with messages about in sexually assaulting the rape allegations the victim or watching being placed on her while the attacks were Facebook page. carried out. Eventually the Anyone with inforvictim was conmation is asked to convinced by a close tact DS Kam Sodhi of relative to contact Operation Sapphire on police and in January 020 7217 9863 or to 2010 officers from remain anonymous call the Met’s Operation Ibraheem Giwa has been sen- Crimestoppers on 0800 tenced to five years in prison 555 111. Sapphire launched an investigation.


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COMMUNITY

Zimbabwean achievers celebrated in London

Ms. Cynthia Mare, the Female Artist of the Year Zimbabweans who have excelled in different fields were recently recognized at the MoneyGram Zimbabwe Achievers Awards (ZAA) ceremony in London.

The ZAA ceremony is an event that

recognises and honours Zimbabweans who have pushed the limits against all odds to raise the Zimbabwean flag high. The ceremony which was hosted by the renowned Zimbabwean actress Chipo Chung, was held at the Prestigious Grange Tower Bridge Hotel. Those recognized on the night included

Glorianne Francis who won the Personality of the Year Award. Male and Female Entrepreneur Award went to Dr. Charles Mazhude and Viola Ncube respectively. Marjorie Ngwenya took home the Outstanding Achievement Award. The Lifetime Achievement Award went to Mr. Vulidlendla Mkandla who has helped over 1,000 Zimbabweans obtain Scholarships in the UK. Mr. Mkandla who received a standing ovation from the crowd, urged Zimbabweans to strive for the best. Some of the celebrities at the event included Shingi Shoniwa of the Noisettes, Supa Mandiwanzira, Bkay and Heavyweight boxer Dereck Chisora who donated 2k to the ZAA’s chosen charities. The event raised more than 3k for charities through raffle tickets and silent auctions. Some of the prizes were donated by IMG. Speaking after the event, ZAA CEO Conrad Mwanza thanked the community for the support and congratulated all the winners and the nominees. Mr. Mwanza added that ZAA was proud to support the less fortunate. “Let’s continue to seek and dream and show the world how great we are,” he urged Zimbabweans.

Mkandla: Education can save young poor people from poverty Education is very important and can help young poor people out of poverty, says Vulindlela Senzani Mkandla.

Mr. Mkandla recently received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the Zimbabwe Achievers Awards (ZAA). He has made a lifetime contribution to promoting education of Zimbabweans. Mr. Mkandla has helped so many young people further their education by organising scholarships and study places in the UK. Asked how he felt when he was informed that he had been selected to receive a special Award at the Zimbabwe Achievers Awards, Mr. Mkandla said he was “pleasantly surprised by the good news” and was “truly humbled” that this could happen to him. The sudden realization that someone had recognized and appreciated Mr. Mkandla’s work made him feel good. He also felt that all he had done was worthwhile. “I felt immediate inspiration to want to do more, despite my old age,” he said. Mr. Mkandla, who is a teacher by profession, chose to focus on education because of a problem with the education system in Zimbabwe. He said that many young people with the potential for higher education were discontinuing education prematurely.

Mr. Vulidlela Mkandla, recipient of Lifetime Achievement Award There was “lack of maximization of educational talent especially among young

people from less privileged communities,” he said. Mr. Mkandla also chose to focus on education out of “belief that education would transform the outlook of young people from underprivileged communities and lift them out of poverty.” He also believed that “education would enhance the young people’s understanding of life challenges and assist their coping strategies.” Higher Education, Mr. Mkandla said, “has an obligation to promote international understanding in the current global context.” In a message to Zimbabweans in the UK, Mr. Mkandla said: “There are many Zimbabweans such as myself in the UK, who are in a reasonably comfortable position, and perhaps we could all do more to develop our rich and beautiful homeland, as I doubt whether anyone else is going to do it for us. Zimbabwe needs to make its mark intellectually to be able to take its place globally.” By Stephen Ogongo Ongong’a

WINNERS OF ZIMBABWE ACHIEVERS AWARDS 2012 SPECIAL CATEGORY Lifetime Achievement Award – Vulidlela Mkandla Chairman’s Honorary Award – Strive Masiyiwa Academic Award – Winston Mano Conservation Award – The Zambezi Society Tourism Award – Wild Zambezi Outstanding Achievement – Marjorie Ngwonya Young Achievers Award – Nyasha Matonhodze Friends of Zimbabwe Award – Terrance Ranger People’s Choice Award – Betina Sibanda BUSINESS Female Entrepreneur of the Year – Viola Ncube Male Entrepreneur of the Year – Dr. Charles Mazhude Company of the Year – Renaissance Personnel Business Innovation of the Year – Tinaye Munonyara SPORTS AND CULTURE Fashion Designer of the Year – Haranga Afrik Klodz Urban Fashion Design – Blackarmoor Event Promoter of the Year – Fashion Gives Back International Sports Personality – Kirsty Coventry Personality of the Year – Glorianne Francis COMMUNITY Community Organisation of the Year – Positive Youth Programs Community Champion of the Year – Nyasha Gwatidzo MEDIA Journalist of the Year – Lance Guma Media House of the Year – New Zimbabwe Radio Station of the Year – Zimnet Radio Radio presenter of the Year – Vickie Storm MUSIC Male Artist of the Year – Bruno ‘Money B’ Mukuze Female Artist of the Year – Cynthia Mare Gospel Artist of the Year – Jane Doka Video of the Year – All Stars “Just Wanna Dance”


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Justina Mutale wins Global Award, becomes International Ambassador The Starlywood Director Justina Mutale has been honoured with the prestigious Global 2012 Leading Innovative Woman Award and the International Honorary Award at the Global Women Inventors and Innovators Awards.

The Award ceremony was held during the Innovative Women in Business and Leadership World Conference in Accra, Ghana under the patronage of the First Lady of Ghana. It was hosted by the Ghanaian Minister of Women & Children’s Affairs and the Ghanaian Minister of Trade and Industry. Ms. Mutale has since been appointed International Ambassador for the Global Women Inventors and Innovators Network. She is also an Africa Music Festival (AMFEST) Ambassador and Patron of the African People’s Advocacy, on which she serves alongside Her Royal Highness, Princess Nauf

Bendar Al Saud, member of the Saudi Royal Family and Lord Paul Boateng from the British

ing an Award ceremony held in London, in which both the new President of Malawi Joyce Banda and the Vice President of Zimbabwe Thokhozani Khupe were among the nominees.

“It is such a wonderful feeling to be among fellow women world changers and to be duly recognised on a prestigious global platform for my efforts and contributions to mankind” Ms. Justina Mutale, Global 2012 Leading Innovative Woman Award recipient House of Lords. Ms. Mutale was recently honoured with the African Woman of the Year Award dur-

Ms. Mutale is the founder of POSITIVE RUNWAY: Global Catwalk to Stop the Spread, which incorporates the Global Film Fashion Music Television Theatre and Sports Awards (FFMTT Awards).

She was also recently nominated for UK’s Sunday Times Newspaper “Change Makers Award” (for most inspirational social entrepreneur). POSITIVE RUNWAY is present in over 35 countries in five continents. It is also present in Hollywood. “It is such a wonderful feeling to be among fellow women world changers and to be duly recognised on a prestigious global platform for my efforts and contributions to mankind,” said Ms. Mutale. Among the delegates and Award recipients were some of the world’s great and most inspirational women including the First Lady of Ghana, Dr. Ernestina Naadu Mills; Hon. Margaret Mensah-Williams, Vice Chairperson, National Council, Parliament of Namibia; Hon. Hanna Tetteh, Ghana’s Minister of Trade & Industry; and Hon. Juliana Azumah-Mensah, Ghana’s Minister for Women and Children Affairs.


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CURRENT AFFAIRS

Refugee Council: Child refugees still locked up as adults in UK The UK Border Agency continues to detain children for immigration purposes, a new report by the Refugee Council has revealed.

children they are working with who have arrived in the UK on their own, but who are not believed to be the age they say they are by social workers or immigration officials. The children are wrongly treated as The report titled “Not a minor offence” adults in the asylum system, meaning they accuses the coalition government of failing face being detained with other adults, and to keep its promise to end the detention of being removed to their own country, in children for immigration purposes. The report in fact reveals that there are breach of child protection laws. The report shows that in the first three still significant numbers of child refugees months of this year, six children were being locked up by the UK Border Agency released from detention after being found in detention centres across the UK. Refugee Council’s report focuses on to be children, while four cases are outstanding. In 2011, 22 were released from detention after being found to be “It is a scandal that two years after the children while in 2010, 26 government agreed to end the detention were released from detention after being found to of children because of its harmful effects, they still believe it is acceptable be children. The Refugee Council to lock up children who have come here is renewing its call to the government to end the on their own” detention of children once and for all, by ensuring Ms. Donna Covey, safeguards are put in Chief Executive of the Refugee Council place to prevent unaccompanied children from

Migrants from 67 countries with high rates of tuberculosis (TB) will need to be screened before they are granted a visa for the UK, Home Office has said.

Immigration Minister Damian Green said that the new tuberculosis screening programme will help save lives and save taxpayers more than £40 million over ten years. “Tuberculosis is currently at its highest level in the UK for 30 years. Pre-entry screening, followed by treatment where necessary, will help to prevent the risk of TB in the UK and will also save lives,” Mr. Green said. “Removing screening facilities at airports will save the taxpayer £25 million over ten years and further NHS savings will be made by preventing the importation and spread of TB in the UK.” The introduction of prescreening is specifically targeted at migrants as research showed non-UK born people accounted for three quarters of all new TB cases diagnosed. The costs of screening and subsequent treatment will be met by those people applying to come into the UK.

Move to scrap family visitor appeal rights Foreign nationals refused a visa for a short visit to see family members in the UK will lose the full right to appeal the decision in the courts, Home Office has announced.

In future the vast majority of failed applicants will have to re-apply, rather than launch a lengthy, taxpayer-subsidised appeal, Immigration Minister Damian Green said. “We are not stopping anybody visiting family in the UK; if an applicant meets the rules they will be granted a visa. However, it is grossly unfair that UK taxpayers have had to foot the huge bill for foreign nationals who, in many cases, have simply failed to provide the correct evidence to support their application,” Mr. Green said. “These changes will save tens of millions of pounds and free up immigration tribunals to carry out the much more important work they were intended for.” Home Office said that the number of appeals has soared since 2000, when full appeal rights were re-introduced for family visit visas. It was expected that there would be a maximum of 20,000 appeals per year but by 2010-11, the number had risen to almost 50,000. The cost of processing these appeals is estimated at £29 million per year. Home Office said these appeals now account for almost 40 per cent of all immigration appeals, burdening the system and diverting resources which could otherwise be used to settle asylum claims and foreign criminals’ deportation

cases. “We are also removing the full appeal right because it is out-of-step with every other category of visit visa, such as the business or tourist visa, none of which attract a full right of appeal,” Home Office said. Home Office holds that in many cases new evidence is provided at the appeal which should have been submitted with the original application. Applicants wishing to provide additional information should re-apply, not use the tribunal as a second application, Home Office said. A decision on a fresh application will be received much more quickly than an appeal, typically within 15 days, in comparison with the appeal route which can take up to eight months. Refused applicants will still be able to appeal on limited grounds of human rights or race discrimination. The change is included in the Crime and Courts Bill, which was published on 11th

© Martin Allinger

UK introduces pre-entry TB test

being detained. “It is a scandal that two years after the government agreed to end the detention of children because of its harmful effects, they still believe it is acceptable to lock up children who have come here on their own,” Donna Covey, Chief Executive of the Refugee Council says. “These are children who have fled horrifying situations in their

own countries, and have made traumatic journeys to reach safety here. They are then met with disbelief by the people who are supposed to help them, and locked up with other adults in detention centres. The UK would never treat a British child in this way. We have an obligation to protect these children, so it is imperative that they are not held in detention and that they are given the benefit of the doubt.” The Refugee Council has also launched an animation that tells the story of one of the young people who was released from detention as a child. This is part of a year of events to mark the 18th birthday of the Refugee Council’s Children’s Section. Since 1994 the charity has worked with over 18,000 children to support them through the asylum system and help them rebuild their lives here.

May 2012. Subject to Parliamentary approval and Royal Assent, it is expected to come into force by 2014. In the meantime, interim measures will ensure that the full right of appeal will be limited to those applying to visit a close family member. Secondary legislation is expected to be laid before Parliament in June which, subject to Parliamentary approval, will mean that from July those applying to visit a cousin, uncle, aunt, niece or nephew will no longer have a full right of appeal.


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No. 8. June 2012 www.theafronews.eu

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Work harder and better days will surely come

COVER

Interview with YolanDa Brown, UK’s premier female saxophonist YolanDa Brown loves Jazz and is out to change the way people view Jazz in the UK. She would like to see all love and enjoy Jazz as she does. This young and charming musician has already won Mobo Awards twice for Best Jazz.

She is now touring the UK promoting her debut album “April Showers May Flowers”. This is a beautifully sculpted record that touches lightly on Jazz and Soul and R&B, each track bestowed with the kind of lyrical insight – on love and life – that suggests its author is something of a poet, too. YolanDa has a very chilled out vibe and a voice that has been compared to SADE. She is however known as Britain’s Premier Saxophonist, and has broken all

boundaries in much the same way as classical crossover musicians such as Jamie Cullum have done. YolanDa who is a self-taught musician has played with many famous musicians including Alexander O’Neal, Mica Paris, The Temptations, Soweto Kinch and Jools Holland. After obtaining a first and a Master’s Degree, YolanDa enrolled for PhD but her love for music has made her suspend her studies for now. She has however promised to return and complete her PhD studies one day. YolanDa is a patron for the Mayor of London’s fund for Young Musicians. She has been to Buckingham Palace and met the Queen, in addition to doing a private concert for the Russian President. Here’s an exclusive interview she granted The AfroNews. YolanDa, you have won two Mobo Awards for Best Jazz.

That’s a great achievement for such a young musician. What’s the secret of your success? Thanks, I don’t think it’s a big secret but the main thing is to go out and get it. We didn’t wait for promoters to book me in the early days but instead decided to garner an audience and following ourselves. This involved releasing EPs, self-promoting solo concerts in fantastic venues around London, including IndigO2, Under the Bridge and HMV Apollo! How has winning Mobo Awards changed your life? Winning the MOBOs personally gave me the confidence to continue doing what I do - being me and playing the music I like to make. It let me know that there are people out there that want to hear what I’m doing and share time with me at concerts. As a recording and performing artist that’s the main thing you want. The title of your new album is “April Showers May Flowers”. Quite poetic, why did you choose this title? “ A p r i l Showers May Flowers” illustrates a journey. Everyone in life has to work through something at one time or another, from the young school child to the millionaire entrepreneur. These times I call April Showers, but if you can believe there will be better days and push through the harder times then the blessings and suc-

cesses – May Flowers will surely come. When in those April Showers… think of the May Flowers that are on their way! What should those who haven’t listened to the LP expect? For my debut project I wanted to share with the listeners what they would get if they came to a YolanDa Brown concert. The album takes you through a range of genres and feelings including Jazz, Swing, Reggae, Classical and Ballads. I have grown up listening to such a mix of genres that it is a challenge to play in just one so there is something for everyone. Generally, what message or

messages do you try to pass across through your music? My main message would be “Be yourself and go out and do it”. It is great to receive messages and feedback that a listener has been inspired or motivated after being at a show or hearing the album and it warms my heart to know the message is coming across. What are some of the challenges you are facing as a musician in the UK? I think the main challenge is being an independent artist in some respects. On one hand it is great that I have the creative liberty and control of what my brand and project can do. On the other


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No. 8. June 2012 www.theafronews.eu

COVER

11

voice, making many compare you to SADE. How do you take care of your voice? Thanks! Using my voice is still quite a new experience as I had always seen myself as a saxophonist. But while writing the album and putting a lot of my melodies to words it was the perfect opportunity to learn more about my voice. The main way to look after your voice is to be sensitive to it. Know when you are feeling a strain and keep it warmed up, no cold drinks and honey is great on cold nights! Why did you decide to become a musician? Music has always been a part of me. I didn’t know I was going to be a musician but having played musical instruments from the age of six and picking up the saxophone at 13, I find making music very therapeutic. You can say what you mean without having to use words and it is a universal language. Being able to

I am working a lot in young education and bringing live music to

“April Showers May Flowers illustrates a journey. Everyone in life has to work through something at one time or another, from the young school child to the millionaire entrepreneur. These times I call April Showers, but if you can believe there will be better days and push through the harder times then the blessings and successes – May Flowers will surely come. When in those April Showers… think of the May Flowers that are on their way!” YolanDa Brown, MOBO Awards Winner communicate with any audience and share what I feel is a great honour! Having put my PhD on hold to follow music it is a great honour to be able to play music for a living.

hand it is difficult to compete with the grand machine of the major labels and mainstream network. It is not impossible but you have to push even harder to be heard amongst the giants! It is also very rewarding to have had an independent release with such a great reception in the mainstream. I know you have a special mission to change the way people view Jazz Music. Now, how do the people view it? Jazz has a very unique view here in the UK. Some see it as a genre for the elite; others see it as a genre that is past. But in fact Jazz has a heavy foundation in all of the music we hear today and when presented well can be

enjoyed by all. It is important to share with listeners live music that has soul and meaning. Music based in improvisation and “of the moment” performances can be enjoyed by all. How would you like them to view Jazz Music? I think it is important to explore the roots of Jazz music but also to take it forward to present day. Jazz works so well with other genres that today Jazz is not just traditional but can have influences of Hip Hop, AfroBeat, Reggae and Soul. This new movement is very popular and can be explored even more by the current generation. You have an exceptional

the younger generations and of course working on the next album! Any advice to young people

If you want to become a musician… be one! It is so much easier to get yourself noticed. Communicate with people now with social networking, create a profile and share it with the world. Play gigs, go to jam sessions, don’t wait in your room and expect anyone to find you! Build a supportive team around you, parents, friends, musicians, etc. Also, don’t be afraid to grow on the stage. There are amazing musicians out there but if you have your unique stand point and are willing to grow as you go then your audience and career will grow with you. All the Best! YolanDa will be performing at the Glasgow Jazz Festival on 28th June 2012 and at the Boisdale, Canary Wharf, London on 14th July 2012.

http://www.yolandabrown.co.uk Email:11:21:52 Management@yolandabrown.co.uk 1 02/12/2011

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What are your future projects YolanDa? At the moment we are touring and I am really enjoying sharing 021211_150.8x69_TTX_Afro_0037_en.ai the album live around the world!

who would like to become musicians?


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THE GUIDE

No. 8. June 2012 www.theafronews.eu

13

The new Tier 2 rules

Sponsored skilled workers ting back competition with British workers. Let’s go through the changes.

Annual limit on Tier 2 (General) workers applying from abroad Since 6th April 2011, a maximum of 20,700 skilled workers are allowed to the UK each year under Tier 2 (General) to do jobs with an annual salary below £150,000. The UKBA has confirmed that the annual limit will remain at 20,700 for the next two years until April 2014. The limit of 20,700 workers has been extended to cover the dependants of

©Dreamtime.com

If you are a non-EEA citizen and have been offered a skilled job in the UK and your prospective employer is willing to sponsor you, you can apply to come or remain here under Tier 2 of the points-based system. Tier 2 is the immigration route currently available to skilled workers with a skilled job offer to fill a gap in the workforce that cannot be filled by a British or EEA worker. Prospective applicants will need to have an offer for a graduate level job, speak an intermediate level of English and meet specific salary and employment requirements before they are able to work here. You must have a licensed sponsor, who will assign you with a certificate of sponsorship before you can apply to come to the UK to work. A certificate of sponsorship is not an actual certificate or paper document, but is a unique reference number, which holds information about the job and your personal details.

Tier 2 Categories There are 4 categories of skilled worker under the points-based system: 1. Tier 2 (General): if you are a skilled worker with a job offer from a licensed sponsor coming to fill a gap in the workforce that cannot be filled by a settled worker; 2. Tier 2 (Intra-company transfer): for employees of multi-national companies who are being transferred by an overseas employer to a skilled job in a United Kingdom based branch of the organisation under 4 routes: • Long-term staff • Short-term staff • Graduate trainees • Skills transfer; 3. Tier 2 (Minister of Religion): for people who have been offered employment or posts or roles within their faith communities in the UK as: • ministers of religion undertaking preaching and pastoral work; • missionaries; or • members of religious orders; 4. Tier 2 (Sportsperson): for elite sports people and coaches who are internationally established at the highest level and would make a significant contribution to the development of their sport. You must have a job offer from a licensed sponsor and a valid certificate of sponsorship when you apply to enter or stay in the UK in these categories, and you will need to pass the points-based assessment. All sub-tiers have different attributes you need to score a minimum number of points for. The maintenance requirements, however, are the same across all four Tier 2 categories. You should use the Points-based calculator made available on the UKBA website (http://www.ukba.homeoffice. gov.uk/pointscalculator) to calculate whether you have the numbers to successfully apply under Tier 2.

The Changes Significant changes are being or have been made to Tier 2 which restrict the ability of lesser skilled workers to enter the country, with the aim of cut-

Tier 4 (General) migrants who are switching into Tier 2 (General). There is no limit on the number of workers coming to the UK to do jobs with an annual salary of £150,000 or above. If you are under the £150,000 annual salary threshold and currently outside of the UK, your sponsor will normally need to apply for a “Restricted Certificate of Sponsorship” (or „Re CoS”). The Annual Limit of 20,700 is divided up into a monthly limit of 1,500 Re CoS. The UKBA will award Re CoS to those sponsor applications that score the highest number of points. Sponsors do not have a limit and thus can apply for an “Unrestricted Certificate of Sponsorship” (or “Un CoS”) where they are sponsoring: • Other Tier 2 category applicants (intra-Company transfer, Minister of religion, Sportsperson); • Tier 2 migrants or Work Permit holders with valid leave who are extending their stay or changing employer; • Those in another category of stay applying to switch into the Tier 2 (General) category (where switching rules allow this). This includes those currently holding Student, Tier 4, or Tier 1 (Post-Study Work) visas; • Those seeking admission to fill a vacancy attracting a salary of £150,000 or more. The limit of 20,700 workers, however, will be extended to cover the dependants of Tier 4 (General) migrants who are switching into Tier 2 (General). Where employers wish to sponsor migrant workers in situations that only require Unrestricted CoS, they will need to make a one off request for an annual quota of certificates at the start of each year.

Increase in Tier 2 Skill level Since 6th April 2011, Tier 2 has be-

en restricted to Graduate level jobs. The skill level required by migrants who wish to work in the UK will increase from 14th June 2012. The minimum skills level for occupations in Tier 2 will be raised from the current threshold of National Qualifications Framework (NQF) level 4 to NQF level 6. Please note that Scotland has its own qualifications framework.

Resident Labour Market Test All sponsors who want to recruit a migrant from outside the settled workforce for a skilled job that is not on the list of shortage occupations may now only do this if they complete a resident labour market test and can show that there is no suitable settled worker who can do the job. All vacancies must be advertised to settled workers for 28 calendar days. To issue a certificate of sponsorship on the sponsorship management system under Tier 2 (General), the sponsor must confirm that: • they have completed a resident labour market test as set out in the relevant code of practice and cannot fill the post with a settled worker; or • the test is not required for the job (see below). Sponsors do not need to complete a resident labour market test, if the prospective migrant will be doing a job on the shortage occupation list or currently has permission to stay in the UK under: • Tier 1 (Post-study work); • The International Graduates Scheme; • The Fresh Talent Working in Scotland Scheme; or • The Science and Engineering Graduates Scheme. The new rules in regards to highly paid and PhD jobs will be relaxed: sponsors will not need to complete a resident labour market test also if: • the gross annual salary package for the job will be £150,000 or above; • the prospective migrant will be sponsored as a doctor in speciality training and their salary and the costs of their training are being met by the government of another country under an agreement with that country and the UK government; or - received final results confirming that they have passed and have been or will be awarded a bachelor or postgraduate degree recognised in the UK or a UK postgraduate certificate in education; or - completed a minimum of 12 months study in the UK towards a UK PhD. Companies will now be able to select the best candidate for PhD level occupations, even if they require Tier 2 Sponsorship. Also, employers can begin recruitment up to 12 months before the start date of the job, rather than the current six month timeline. If these roles are filled by a migrant worker and the employee is with them for 5/6 years, at this stage if they are unable to offer them a salary of £35,000 then that employee will no longer be able to remain in the UK. Few jobs, especially in the current economic climate can meet a salary of £35,000. In

fact this would cripple many small businesses.

Increased maintenance funds requirements From 14th June 2012, the personal savings you must have to support your application will increase. • For applications received before 14th June 2012: you will need to have £800 in available funds for yourself, which have been in your bank account for three months before the date when you apply and £533 each for any dependent accompanying you • For applications received on or after 14th June 2012: you will need to have £900 in available funds for yourself, which have been in your bank account for three months before the date when you apply and £600 each for any dependent accompanying you If you plan to make a Tier 2 application on or after 14th June 2012, you must ensure the correct funds are held in your account as soon as possible as the funds will need to have been held in your account for a consecutive three month period.

Settlement Those who entered on a Tier 2 visa after 6th April 2011 can only be granted a maximum of six years on this type of visa. Therefore Tier 2 visa holders will have to apply for settlement prior to reaching the six years. However, applying for settlement is going to be difficult for many of those on a Tier 2 visa, with the introduction of the new minimum pay requirement of £35,000. Workers filling vacancies on the shortage occupation list will be exempt from this requirement for permanent residence. The changes mean that if the applicant is not earning a minimum of £35,000 when they are looking to settle in the UK starting from April 2016 they could be faced with leaving the UK and having to wait 12 months before they can apply to come to the UK under Tier 2. This “cooling off period” will apply across most of the Tier 2 route. By Sejal Karavadra, Solicitor Advocate and Director, DBS Law Ltd Tel 08001577051 info@dbslaw.co.uk Edited by Federica Gaida, www.foreignersinuk.co.uk Disclaimer: The above article is meant to be relied upon as an informative article and in no way constitutes legal advice. Information is offered for general information purposes only, based on the current law when the information was published in this newspaper. You should always seek advice from an appropriately qualified solicitor on any specific legal enquiry. For legal advice regarding your case, please contact DBS Law for a consultation on 08001577051 or email sejal@dbslaw. co.uk

SPECIAL UK LEGAL GUIDE

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14

Tel. 0207 300 7320 Email: afronews@myownmedia.co.uk

No. 8. June 2012 www.theafronews.eu

CARIBBEAN NEWS

World Bank approves US$25M for Caribbean ICT expansion The program will provide 27 million people with access to bet-

ter and affordable broadband services. The Infrastructure Program is the first phase of a 10-year Information and Communications Technology (ICT) program. The first phase will focus on Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, with other Caribbean countries joining at a

“A sound regional connectivity and ICT-led innovation system is vital for the Caribbean region’s growth. This program is a unique opportunity to put in place critical infrastructure and skills to capitalize on the transformative power of Information and Communication Technologies to promote growth and open new job opportunities to Caribbean citizens. It is my hope that other countries in the region will take advantage of this opportunity to join the program” Ms. Françoise Clottes, World Bank Country Director for the Caribbean

later stage. By improving the communications infrastructure, the program aims at fostering regional economic development and growth. The package includes a US$3 million grant to the Caribbean Telecommunications Union (CTU) to coordinate the regional program; a US$10 million credit to Grenada; a US$6 million credit to Saint Lucia; and a US$6 million credit to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. “A sound regional connectivity and ICT-led innovation system is vital for the Caribbean region’s growth,” said Françoise Clottes, World Bank Country Director for the Caribbean. “This program is a unique opportunity to put in place critical infrastructure and skills to capitalize on the transformative power of Information and Communication Technologies to promote growth and open new job opportunities to Caribbean citizens. It is my hope that other countries in the region will take advantage of this

Strong Public/Private partnership needed for Jamaica’s growth Jamaica’s economic programme and the 2012/13 budget, though contractionary, can achieve growth, but will require strong public/private partnership going forward, Minister of Industry, Investment and Commerce, Hon. Anthony Hylton has said.

Emphasising the Government’s commitment to a “growth strategy”, the Minister identified two areas which are critical to the achievement of this objective. These include the “food issue, which consumes a significant portion of the country’s expenditure and the high cost of energy.” He observed that the high cost of energy negatively impacts the competitiveness of Jamaica’s output and as a result, “something has to change and something will change.” The Minister alluded to the recent policies designed to diversify the country’s energy sources, including less reliance on crude oil. With respect to investments, he said that his administration is now focusing much attention on medium, small and micro enterprises to drive new investments and growth. These sectors, he observed, can benefit from “key innovation and creativity which must be brought to the fore.” The Minister identified the country’s potential as a major logistics hub, describing this as an area

of opportunity which will engender growth in the economy. Mr. Hylton said that Jamaica can capitalise on the widening of the Panama Canal, and that the Panamanians as well as other stakeholders are currently taking steps to determine whether there will be enough “supported ports” that can accommodate the large vessels expected to pass through the widened waterway. “They have been busy going around the region and elsewhere doing audits of ports and talking to ports, to see whether and to what extent they will be ready to take these vessels,” he said. The Minister emphasised that investments must be underpinned by “competitiveness and ease of doing business.” In this regard, key pieces of legislation will be addressed, including insolvency (management of corporate risk) and the protection of intellectual property rights, particularly in support of creative industries. He also pointed out that the Government’s growth strategy will be facilitated by “joined-up-government”, which will require relevant ministries working across differing portfolios, in order to reinforce and harmonise policy prescriptions and the ease of doing business. By Allan Brooks, JIS Senior Reporter

opportunity to join the program,” she added. The Caribbean region is ser-

networks venturing beyond the main urban centres. Many rural areas remain largely unserved.

viced by an extensive, complex, and robust submarine network, but significant gaps remain and connectivity disruptions are hindering economic growth. There is little investment in broadband

Furthermore, the lack of emergency communications networks leaves the countries exposed to major disruptions in communications services in the face of emergencies.

Jamaica achieving Millennium Development Goals - Kellier Jamaica is well advanced in achieving the United Nations M i l l e n n i u m Development Goals (MDGs), Minister of Labour and Social Security, Hon. Derrick Kellier, has said.

“Some of those goals are the eradication of extreme poverty, universal primary education, reduced childhood and maternity mortality, combating HIV/AIDS and malaria and sustainable development,” Minister Kellier said. In September 2000, world leaders came together at the United Nations headquarters in New York to adopt the United Nations Millennium Declaration, committing their nations to a new global partnership to reduce extreme poverty by 2015. The eight MDGS are: eradicating extreme poverty and hunger; achieving universal primary education; promoting gender equality and empowering women; reducing child mortality; improving maternal health; combating HIV and AIDS; ensuring environmental sustainability; and developing a global partnership for development.

Minister Kellier said the government is committed to meeting the targets set and striving for higher achievements. “We will continue to provide the framework through legislation, institutional capacity and social and economic policies,” he stated. The Minister, in the meantime, lauded the contri- Hon. Derrick Kellier, Minister of bution of Labour and Social Security Jamaican workers to nation-buildmony,” he stated. ing, noting that He contended that the trade over the past 15 to 20 years, there has been a departure from unions and the formation of the the adversarial bargaining Jamaica Confederation of environment to one of greater Trade Unions (JCTU) have levels of cooperation and an contributed to this maturity in effort “to build the kind of har- industrial relations. “The consolidation of the monious relationship from movement into a single conwhich the workers, employers federation means that the bitter and the society can benefit.” “This is important because rivalry between unions for capital is necessary for labour membership among workers is to be productive, and our a thing of the past,” he noted. employers have played a sigBy E. Hartman Reckord, nificant role in fostering triparJIS Reporter tite dialogue and industrial har-

©JIS

The World Bank has approved a US$25 million financial package to support the first phase of the Caribbean Regional Communications Infrastructure Program.


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AFRICAN NEWS

No. 8. June 2012 www.theafronews.eu

15

Domestic abuse health crisis in post-war West Africa - IRC report Wives in post-conflict West Africa suffer violence at alarming levels and with shocking frequency, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) has said.

In a new report titled “Let Me Not Die Before My Time: Domestic Violence in West Africa,” the IRC says that the primary threat to women’s safety is not strangers or men with guns, but their husbands. The IRC describes domestic violence in Ivory Coast, Liberia and Sierra Leone as an acute and pervasive problem that endangers, isolates and disenfranchises countless women and hinders recovery and development in their communities. The report asserts that domestic violence, which is often exacerbated during and after war, has not been recognised as a “humanitarian” issue by the international aid community, despite its devastating impact on women in countries emerging from crisis.

“Domestic violence is often considered a private matter, minimised as a cultural practice or seen as an issue that can be addressed only after peace and development take hold. It is time to recognise domestic violence for what it is – a public health crisis that requires urgent attention and resources in humanitarian settings” Mr. George Rupp, IRC President

“Domestic violence is often considered a private matter, minimised as a cultural practice or seen as an issue that can be addressed only after peace and development take hold,” says IRC President George Rupp. “It is time to recognise domestic violence for what it is – a public health crisis that requires urgent attention and resources in humanitarian settings.” IRC statistics in the region indicate that 63% of women victims of violence have been abused by their partners or spouses. Nearly 70% of the survivors have suffered violence by the same partner at least once before and 53% have required medical attention. The report also cites research in Ivory Coast that found women at a heightened risk of domestic violence during and after armed conflict. A 2008 survey in a violence-ridden district found that one in four women interviewed had been victim of domestic violence during that volatile year and 47% in their lifetime. In the first six months of 2011, amid a wave of post-election violence, the IRC documented a 43% spike in reported incidences of partner abuse by women seeking IRC-supported services, compared to the previous six-month period. Domestic violence also takes many forms, with physical assault the most common type of abuse reported to the IRC. The report cites accounts of beatings, marital rape, stabbings and burnings, including one woman who was locked in her home by her spouse as he set their house on fire. The report describes other less visible, but still insidious forms of abuse like the denial of food, medical care and money for basic necessities, as well as forced isolation, restricted access to friends and relatives, humiliation and threats of violence. “Men in West Africa largely control household resources, including income

earned by their wives,” says Heidi Lehmann, who directs the IRC’s global women’s protection and empowerment programmes. “In abusive homes, requests for food and money are frequently met with violence.” While domestic violence is underreported everywhere, women in West Africa have even fewer incentives to disclose attacks or seek help. “There’s an extreme scarcity of needed services for survivors,” says Lehmann. “Add that to abusive partners living under the same roof, justice systems that don’t take cases seriously and communities that tolerate domestic violence and it’s understandable that women feel trapped and unable to escape.” Stigma, shame and fear also prevent women from speaking out, even to friends and family – effectively isolating them

from the only support they have. This isolation, the report emphasises, also inhibits women from participating in the social and economic life of their communities and prevents them from taking advantage of opportunities that peace presents. The report strongly urges the donor institutions and governments to recognise domestic violence as a serious humanitarian problem, and develop strategies to address the issue in conflict and post-conflict settings. It also urges the governments of Liberia and Ivory Coast to pass domestic violence laws and commit resources to implementing them, while pressing the government of Sierra Leone to enforce its domestic violence law and ensure that police, local authorities and traditional leaders understand its provisions.

Improve standards, companies working in Africa told International companies operating in Africa should improve their standards and investments in the development of the continent, the Leon H. Sullivan Foundation has said.

The Foundation has launched the “100 Days of Change” campaign, voicing the inequalities related to doing business in Africa, and the dishonourable practices conducted by foreign companies on African soil. The campaign challenges the corporations to create resolutions for sustainable change and present those resolutions at the Sullivan Summit IX, which will be held in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea from 20th to 24th August 2012. The Foundation will also celebrate those corporations whose business practices are exceptionally supporting the development of Africa. “It’s time for the international commu-

nity to understand that Africa cannot be taken for granted. We as Africans cannot stand by as our riches, our land, and most of all, our dignity are taken from us, espe-

Mr. John Kufuor, former Ghanaian President

cially for the clear motive of profit above the preservation of basic human rights,” said the Summit IX Chairman, former Ghanaian President John Kufuor. He went on to say that: “Although there are various injustices, there are also numerous companies doing good, and we wish to highlight them as role models.” Over the course of the “100 Days of Change” campaign, the Sullivan Foundation, through tweets, Facebook and the Sullivan Foundation website will present the opportunity for individuals, Nonprofits, and NGO’s to blog, to share photos, and to speak out with numerous Heads of States and CEO’s at Sullivan Summit IX. The Summit stands as a unique venue for communicating and drawing on the economic inequalities created by corporations on African soil. Ms. Hope Sullivan Masters, the President and CEO of the Foundation said: “This is an opportunity for foreign firms

working in Africa to demonstrate their solutions for building enabling environments in the communities of which they have taken advantage. Created by my late father, the Global Sullivan Principles stand as a tool for human rights, the basis for corporate social responsibility, and will be a platform to command the equality Africans deserve.” Summit Chairman Mr. Kufuor has written a statement to world leaders and CEO’s of international firms inviting them to attend the Summit and to partake in the 100 Days of Change campaign. “Africa is seen today as the new investment destination of the entire world, however we must be cognizant that Africans are not taken advantage of in the process. We know the endless economic opportunities that the continent has to offer, but we cannot afford to taint the continent by remaining naive to clear injustices,” Mr. Kufuor said.


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ENTERTAINMENT

“Red Tails” released in UK It celebrates 2nd World War’s first African American heroes

“Red Tails”, a thrilling actionpacked film inspired by the true story of World War II’s first African American fighter squadron, is being released in the UK and Ireland.

squadrons in World War II. The film uses the historic backdrop of World War II to tell the story of a cast of men, drawn from many walks of life, who were united in their desire to fight against tyranny. Not considered worthy of a front line role by the Army brass, the men of the The film which has been executive 332nd squadron, known as the Tuskegee produced by George Lucas, will be released Airmen, spend their time flying dilapidaton 6th June 2012th, the 68th anniversary ed aircraft picking off the remnants of the of the D-Day landings. German forces and yearning to engage the “Red Tails” is a film with the most Luftwaffe one on one. When the Tuskegee realistic dogfights ever to hit the screen. Airmen get the chance to provide air cover It has been produced by Rick McCallum for a landing operation they prove how and Charles Floyd Johnson, and written by devastating they can be and are chosen to John Ridley (“Three Kings”) and Aaron escort and protect the Allied bombers on McGruder (“The Boondocks”) and direct- their most daring mission yet – the first ed by Anthony Hemingway (“The Wire”). raid on Berlin. “Red Tails” tells the tale of the heroic Commenting on “Red Tails”, Lucas 332nd fighter group of the U.S. Army Air says that it “has been a passion project for Corps who overcame racial discrimination me for nearly two decades. It embodies the to become one of the most distinguished youthful energy of “American Graffiti” combined with the exhilarating action of the trench run from “Star Wars” “I think the world needs exam- and I believe it sheds light on an ples of inspiration, of hope, hon- important chapter in our history has been often overlooked.” our, determination and courage. thatThe film director All these things are expressed in Hemingway describes “Red Tails” as “an emotional story the bravery of the Tuskegee an extraordinary group of Airmen. This is their story and about young men whose courage and it’s a great one” determination led them to become heroes. I think every person, young and old, will Cuba Gooding Jr., walk away from this film feelActor ing that anything is possible. “Red Tails” is a celebration of

life and breaking down barriers.” Apart from being “an epic action film”, Producer McCallum says “Red Tails” “is also a story about brotherhood and friendship. We were fortunate to get the most amazing cast. The story of the Tuskegee Airmen represents a milestone in American history, and we’re all proud to be paying tribute to their heroic efforts. That cultural significance is not lost on anyone in this great young cast.” The film’s ensemble cast includes Academy Award winner Cuba Gooding Jr (“Jerry Maguire”), Academy Award nominee Terrence Howard (“Iron Man”), Nate Parker (“The Secret Life of Bees”), David Oyelowo (“Rise of The Planet of The Apes”, “Spooks”), Grammy Award winning singer Ne-Yo (“Battle Los Angeles”), Michael B J o r d a n (“Chronicle”), Leslie Odom Jr. (“Smash”), Andre Royo (“The Wire”), Tristan Wilds (“The Wire”), Bryan Cranston (“Drive”, “Breaking Bad”) and the Wu-Tang Clan’s Method Man (“The Wire”). Asked how important the film’s story is, Cuba Gooding

Jr. says he remembers when the director Lucas said: “I am not here to make a movie about victims. I am here to make a movie about heroes.” He adds: “I think that sums up his efforts to get the story right, the visuals right, and to get the film going experience right. I think the world needs examples of inspiration, of hope, honour, determination and courage. All these things are expressed in the bravery of the Tuskegee Airmen. This is their story and it’s a great one.” Xavier Marchand, Managing Director of Momentum Pictures says they are excited to be working with Lucasfilm to bring “Red Tails” to UK audiences. “It’s a remarkably compelling story and the aerial dog fight scenes are simply breath-taking,” he says.

Get your latest immigration news on Your news, your guides, your concerns, your beauty, your recipes, your people. This one is all about you! www.foreignersinuk.co.uk


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ENTERTAINMENT

No. 8. June 2012 www.theafronews.eu

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Raila 2013 New Rumba hit urges Kenyans to vote Raila next President of Kenya A new classical Rumba hit is appealing to Kenyans to vote for Mr. Raila Amolo Odinga as the next President of the country. Mr. Odinga, who is currently Kenya’s Prime Minister, will vie for President in the next general elections on the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) party ticket. “Raila 2013” by Enoch Okwach Opondo and Loba Loba Musica Band has the potential of becoming Mr. Odinga’s official campaign hit. The song praises Mr. Odinga’s leadership skills, depicting him as a credible and determined leader. It strongly urges Kenyans to rally behind Mr. Odinga at next general elections. “Raila 2013” is a musical journey both in terms of style and time. Starting as a Congolese Rumba of the 60s - with beats evoking the style of Bavon Marie-Marie & L’Orchestre Négro Succès, the song gradually evolves into Franco Makiadi’s Rumba Odemba of the late 80s before finally flowing into a soft modern Soukous. The beats of the song which lasts for almost 23 minutes, are complimented by moving lyrics in Dholuo and Swahili, strongly influenced by the traditional Luo Dodo style and modern Benga. The key message of the song which is repeated in the chorus is: it’s now Mr. Odinga’s turn to lead Kenya, let’s follow him. The song also hammers home the message that Mr. Odinga, who is popularly known to Kenyans as Agwambo, is development minded, a capable and democratic leader who can lead Kenya to great heights. Mr. Odinga was the main opposition candidate in the 2007 presidential election. Following a violent post-electoral crisis, he took office as Prime Minister in April 2008 and has since been serving as the supervisor of a national unity coalition government. Asked why they decided to compose “Raila 2013” song, Mr. Opondo, the Director of Loba Loba Musica Band said during Kenya’s post 2007 election crisis, “many among the current crop of Kenyan leadership showed their true colours: hun-

“Nyathina” (a song on the agony of a child lost somewhere in the urban centre); “Yesu wuod Nyasaye” (a thanksgiving song to

During Kenya’s post 2007 election crisis “many among the current crop of Kenyan leadership showed their true colours: hunger for power at any cost. In the ensuing settlement, Raila as a true statesman, has been willing and ready to forego his personal pursuit for power in the interest of the greater good – a united, prosperous and peaceful Kenya” Enoch Okwach Opondo, Director of Loba Loba Musica Band

ger for power at any cost. In the ensuing settlement, Raila as a true statesman, has been willing and ready to forego his personal pursuit for power in the interest of the greater good – a united, prosperous and peaceful Kenya.” Mr. Opondo, who is a graduate from the University of Nairobi and the University of Oxford, and currently a University Lecturer, added: “We are once again faced with another election and we feel that we need to share our opinion with the rest of Kenyans so that they can vote for integrity if Kenya is to maintain itself on the path to political and economic recovery.” Loba Loba Musica Band is a KenyanCongolese band based in Kisumu, Kenya. It is jointly led by Mr. Opondo and Mr. Frank Mirindi Libe from the Democratic Republic of Congo.

God for his continued blessings); and “Barack Obama” (a song celebrating the incredible journey of Obama to the White House). Loba Loba Musica Band plans to produce a new version of “Raila 2013” entirely done in Swahili and a video clip of the same song. To listen to “Raila 2013”, visit http:// soundcloud.com/okwach-opondo/raila2013.

The band was founded in 2007 as a youth livelihood and development project of Global Education and Development Organization (GEDO). Loba Loba Musica Band plays virtually all genres of music. Its own compositions are however strongly drawn from the popular Rumba and Benga genres. It mainly does songs in Kiswahili, Luo and Lingala. It also has compositions in By Stephen Ogongo Ongong’a other Kenyan languages. Apart from love songs, Loba LOBA LOBA MUSICA BAND’S Loba Musica Band sings about CONTACTS life in general, education, health, politics, development, etc. The band has also released Mr. Enoch Okwach Opondo other great hits including “Kenya Tel: +254 (0)733 874 401 my Country” (a song preaching peace in Kenya); “Jane Auma” On Facebook: Search for Enoch (a song on HIV/AIDS); Opondo


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COMMENTARY-OP-ED

Why are West Indian students absent from universities? On 9th May 2012, I went to my son’s postgraduate graduation from Imperial College at the Royal Albert Hall. The hall was packed with people who had come to celebrate their siblings’ achievements.

West African states of Ghana and Nigeria. What really surprised me was that in the thousands of students who were graduating there was not a single student from the West Indian community. This same issue was highlighted by my wife four years ago when we attended her graduation at Warwick University. I sat through three hours’ speeches and The number of West Indian students on roll call of students being called up to the that day could be counted on one hand stage in recognition of their achievements. with no more than half a dozen in attenI was pleasantly surprised to hear dance. names being called out for people from all The question that needs to be asked around the world. There were students here is: What is going on within this comfrom China, Malaysia, Singapore, India, munity? Why are so many young people Russia, from the Middle East and South from within this community missing out America, from main land Europe and on an opportunity to enhance their knowleven from places like Somalia and the edge and livelihood? What is it that is preventing them from joinSEND US YOUR LETTERS ing others who seek knowledge to better themWe welcome letters on topical issues, your experiences, and selves and those or any article you have read in The AfroNews. Letters, not exceeding 600 words, must include your full name (not nec- around them? Is it the family essarily for publication), address and telephone numbers for and their parverification. Letters may be edited for publication. ents who take no interest in E-mail: afronews@myownmedia.co.uk their education,

the environment that they live in, the gang culture that is often associated with in this community or is it that the education system lets them down at a crucial stage in their academic life when those around them are making decisions that would affect the rest of their lives? Personally I think it is a mixture of all those things. The parents who once they get into secondary school are unable to control them and keep on top of them to ensure that they are learning, and the schools who often give up on them as difficult students and can’t wait to get them out of the schooling system. The biggest question that needs to be asked is: What is the community doing to tackle this problem? How important is the role of the parents and why is it that some parents abdicate their role and responsibility to ensure

that their children get the best education that this country is able to provide which the rest of the world is quite happy to take advantage off. If we continue this way, where are the next leaders and role models from within this community going to come from? It is a high time the community woke up to this issue and addressed this problem for the sake of the future of our community. By Ashtaq Arain

RECIPE

Sambusa (Ethiopian Appetizer) Prep Time: 20 mins Total Time: 50 mins

Ingredients 48 Sambusas/wonton wrappers

Filling • 1/2 cup red onion, finely chopped • 1 lb. lean ground lamb or 1 lb. beef • 1/2 teaspoon ginger, minced • 1/2 teaspoon turmeric • 1/2 teaspoon garlic, minced • 1/2 teaspoon cayenne • salt • 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon • 4 sprigs fresh coriander, chopped • 3 sprigs mint, chopped • 2 cups water

Directions 1. Combine all filling ingredients in heavy sauce pan. 2. Bring to a boil and stir to keep smooth. 3. Reduce heat to medium and let mixture simmer uncovered. 4. Correct flavour for spices and salt balance. 5. As water simmers away, stir

often to prevent mixture from sticking, especially during final stages. 6. Cook until all liquid evaporates. 7. If ground meat has a lot of fat, drain off at this point.

8. Let mixture cool slightly before stuffing. 9. Fill Sambusa/wonton wrappers with 1 to 2 tsp. of filling. Moisten and press the edges together in a triangle shape. 10. Fry the Sambusas, several at a time, until golden brown on both sides. Place the golden brown Sambusas on paper towel to rid of excess oil. Serve hot or cold with or without chutney. By Recipe Safari, http://recipesafari.blogspot. com/


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LIFESTYLE & RELIGION

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Even if the child’s father hails from a minority background, it will still be the mother who is responsible for teaching them about the father’s culture, the research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) revealed. “Whether it’s ensuring their children know about the history and culture of their ethnic or religious group, overseeing faith instruction, teaching them how to cook traditional foods, dressing in traditional clothes or introducing them to traditional music and dancing, it’s mostly mothers who are taking charge of ensuring their children appreciate their cultural heritage,” says researcher Professor Ros Edwards. Researchers from the Universities of Southampton and London South Bank, and the relationship support organisation OnePlusOne, have developed on-line resources that raise awareness about the issues ‘mixed’ couples may face, and provide relationship support where needed. ‘Mixed’ relationships, where each partner is from a different racial or ethnic background, are increasingly common in Britain. Some of the distinctive experiences ‘mixed’ couples may have include: Possible disapproval and rejection from

Funeral directors ignore needs of non-religious people - study Funeral directors should take into account the needs of non-religious people, a new unique study has suggested.

The study which was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), was carried out by Dr. Matthew Engelke of the London School of Economics. “The issue of death is one of the most important incidents that all societies deal with,” says Dr. Engelke. “I wanted to look at how, in contemporary society, people who do not believe in an afterlife are commemorated at a funeral.” To carry out the research, Dr. Engelke focused on funerals provided by the British Humanist Association (BHA). “It was clear that the people who chose these funeral services were not necessarily humanists or atheists. They generally described themselves as ‘non-religious’, which covered

the entire spectrum from absolute atheist to a more general lack of commitment or belief, especially when it comes to organised religion.” One of the most striking aspects of BHA funeral ceremonies is that they strive to be true to the individual, to reflect as best as possible the character, world views and the sensibilities of the person who has died. “The focus is almost exclusively on the person, which is often not the case with the more traditional religious ceremonies,” says Dr Engelke. This emphasis on the individual is an increasingly important phenomenon in modern Western life, suggests Dr. Engelke. In many societies, and in ritual ceremonies down the ages, the place of the individual in the ritual is often the least important consideration. In humanist ceremonies, being true to the individual is

most central. Dr. Engelke commonly came across family members and friends who said: “We told the funeral director John did not go to church so we did not want a vicar to take the funeral”. “This gives an intriguing glimpse into the extent to which modern citizens feel it important to express their uniqueness and individuality,” says Dr. Engelke. “It is important for social scientists to look at these key moments in life, as it is through these that we get a sense of the most significant issues that matter to people and understand what it means to be non-religious in a modern British society,” continues Dr. Engelke. “And I think one of the best places to start is ritual services such as funerals.”

others based on assumptions and limited knowledge about ‘mixed’ families; Understanding and dealing with both cultural and individual differences within a couple relationships; and Developing an identity and sense of belonging for themselves and their children. “Once people come together in a ‘mixed’ relationship, we know that maintaining that relationship can be challenging for some couples, often because of other people’s attitudes,” Professor Edwards explains. “The issues that they may face can include having to deal with others’ disapproval, and in some cases, the exclusion from family and friends. Clearly, this can create stresses in their relationship and, based on our research, we provide examples of some of the successful strategies ‘mixed’ couples have employed to

cope with these problems.” Researchers stress, however, that it would be wrong to over-emphasise the challenges that ‘mixed’ relationships bring to a relationship. Findings clearly show that for many couples and their children, their different cultures and heritage were not overly an issue for them, or for the communities in which they lived. For many it was more often an issue for other people than those who are themselves mixing or of Mixed race. ‘Mixed’ couples deal with the same responsibilities and issues as other couples, and they see their family lives as no different to others in many ways. “In fact, much of the feedback we have received regarding our on-line resources is how pleased couples are to see their relationships treated as ‘ordinary’ not as something strange or inherently problematic,” Professor Edwards points out. “This feedback is entirely in keeping with our finding that it is mothers in ‘mixed’ families who ensure their children are brought up appreciating the minority culture in their home. In this regard, women in ‘mixed’ families broadly reflect what goes on in most relationships,” she concludes. The on-line relationship support resources for ‘mixed’ couples can be viewed at: http://thecoupleconnection.net/ articles/mixed-couples-and-their-families.

Pope: Work should not be an obstacle to family

©Broc

Mothers in mixed families play a key role in ensuring that children learn about their heritage and culture, a study has revealed.

©Dreamtime.com

Mums ensure minority culture continues in mixed families

Pope Benedict XVI has called for a balance in work-family life. “Work should not be an obstacle to the family, but should rather sustain and unite it,” he said in a message to mark the International Day of Families. The UN dedicated this year’s International Day of

Families to the relationship between family and work. The Pope noted that work should favour the family, “helping it to be open to life and to enter into relationship with society and with the Church.” The pontiff also expressed his wish that Sunday, “the Lord’s day and a weekly Easter, be a day of rest and an occasion to strengthen family ties.”


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Profile for Stephen Ogongo

The AfroNews No. 5. June 2012  

June 2012 edition of The AfroNews

The AfroNews No. 5. June 2012  

June 2012 edition of The AfroNews

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