MyIEM Jurutera E-Bulletin - December 2021

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j u r u t e ra KDN PP 1050/12/2012 (030192)

ISSN 0126-9909

Semiconductors DECEMBER 2021

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JURUTERA EƵŵďĞƌ ϭϮ͕ D Z ϮϬϮϭ

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YANG DIPERTUA / PRESIDENT Ir. Ong Ching Loon TIMBALAN YANG DIPERTUA / DEPUTY PRESIDENT Ir. Prof. Dr Norlida bt Buniyamin E / z E' /W Zdh ͬ s/ WZ ^/ Ed^ Y.Bhg. Dato’ Ir. Ahmad Murad bin Omar, Ir. Mohd Aman bin Hj. Idris, Ir. Yau Chau Fong, Ir. Chen Harn Shean, Ir. Prof. Dr Leong Wai Yie, Ir. Mohd Khir bin Muhammad, Ir. Prof. Dr Ruslan bin Hassan ^ d/ h^ , < ,KZD d ͬ ,KEKZ Zz ^ Z d Zz Ir. Dr David Chuah Joon Huang BENDAHARI KEHORMAT / HONORARY TREASURER /ƌ͘ &Ăŵ zĞǁ ,ŝŶ BEKAS YANG DIPERTUA TERAKHIR / IMMEDIATE PAST PRESIDENT Ir. David Lai Kong Phooi BEKAS YANG DIPERTUA / PAST PRESIDENTS Y.Bhg. Academician Tan Sri Datuk Ir. (Dr) Hj. Ahmad Zaidee bin Laidin, Ir. Dr Tan Yean Chin, Y.Bhg. Dato’ Paduka Ir. Keizrul bin Abdullah, Y.Bhg. Academician Tan Sri Dato’ Ir. Prof. Dr Chuah ,ĞĂŶ dĞŝŬ͕ z͘ ŚŐ͘ ĂƚŽ͛ /ƌ͘ >ŝŵ ŚŽǁ ,ŽĐŬ t </> t D ͬ /s/> Z WZ ^ Ed d/s Ir. Yap Soon Hoe WAKIL MEKANIKAL / ME , E/ AL REPRESENTATIVE Ir. Dr Aidil bin Chee Tahir t </> > <dZ/< ͬ > dZ/ > Z WZ ^ Ed d/s Ir. Francis Xavier Jacob t </> ^dZh<dhZ ͬ ^dZh dhZ > Z WZ ^ Ed d/s Ir. Gunasagaran Kristnan t </> </D/ ͬ , D/ > Z WZ ^ Ed d/s /ƌ͘ ƌ ŚŽŶŐ ŚŝĞŶ ,ǁĂ t </> > /Eͳ> /E /^W>/E ͬ Z WZ ^ Ed d/s dK Kd, Z /^ /W>/E ^ Ir. Dr Bhuvendhraa Rudrusamy t </> Dh>d/D / E / d ͬ / d E Dh>d/D / Z WZ ^ Ed d/s /ƌ͘ :ĞĞǁĂ sĞŶŐĂĚĂƐĂůĂŵ WAKIL JURUTERA WANITA / WOMEN ENGINEERS REPRESENTATIVE Ir. Noorfaizah Hamzah t </> , '/ E :hZhd Z ^/^t , ͬ zKhE' E'/E Z^ ^ d/KE REPRESENTATIVES Mr. Kuugan Thangarajoo, Mr. Lim Yiren, Mr. Naveen Kumar, Ms. Tan Wen Jia, Ms. Jacquelyne Anne Boudeville ,>/ D :>/^ ͬ KhE /> D D Z^ /ƌ͘ ƌ dĂŶ <ƵĂŶŐ >ĞŽŶŐ͕ /ƌ͘ DĂŚ ^ŝĞǁ <ŝĞŶ͕ z͘ ŚŐ͘ ĂƚŽ͛ /ƌ͘ DŽŚĚ njŵŝ ďŝŶ /ƐŵĂŝů͕ Ir. Ng Yong Kong, Ir. Dr Mui Kai Yin, Y.Bhg. Dato’ Ir. Noor Azmi bin Jaafar, Ir. Ting Chek Choon, Ir. Sukhairul Nizam bin Abdul Razak, Ir. Lai Sze Ching, Y.Bhg. Dato’ Ir. Dr Ahmad Anuar bin KƚŚŵĂŶ͕ /ƌ͘ ƌ ŚĂŶ ^ǁĞĞ ,ƵĂƚ͕ /ƌ͘ ůůŝĂƐ ďŝŶ ^ĂŝĚŝŶ͕ /ƌ͘ DŽŚĚ ZĂĚnjŝ ďŝŶ ^ĂůůĞŚ͕ ĂƚŽ͛ /ƌ͘ ,ũ͘ ŶƵĂƌ ďŝŶ zĂŚLJĂ͕ /ƌ͘ ƌ dĞŽ &ĂŶŐ zĞŶŶ͕ /ƌ͘ WƌŽĨ͘ ƌ :ĞīƌĞLJ ŚŝĂŶŐ ŚŽŽŶŐ >ƵŝŶ /ƌ͘ ƌ ^ŝƟ ,ĂǁĂ ďƚ͘ ,ĂŵnjĂŚ͕ /ƌ͘ ƌ dĂŶ ŚĞĞ &Ăŝ͕ /ƌ͘ DĂŚ tĂLJ ^ŚĞŶŐ͕ /ƌ͘ WƌŽĨ͘ ƌ ƵŚĂŝŶĂ ďŝŶƟ ĂŬĂƌŝĂ͕ /ƌ͘ >ĞĞ ŚĞŶŐ WĂLJ͕ /ƌ͘ ƌ <ĂŶŶĂŶ Ăͬů D͘ DƵŶŝƐĂŵLJ͕ /ƌ͘ ƌ ^ŝŽǁ ŚƵŶ >ŝŵ͕ Ir. Wong Chee Fui, Ir. Dr Hum Yan Chai, Ir. Tiong Ngo Pu ,>/ D :>/^ ͬ KhE /> D D Z^ z /Es/d d/KE /ƌ͘ zĂŵ dĞŽŶŐ ^ŝĂŶ͕ /ƌ͘ 'ŽƉĂů EĂƌŝĂŶ <ƵƩLJ͕ /ƌ͘ ^ƵŶĚƌĂƌĂũ Ăͬů <ƌŝƐŚŶĂƐĂŵLJ W E' Zh^/ t E' E ͬ Z E , , /ZD E 1. Pulau Pinang: Ir. Bernard Lim Kee Weng 2. Selatan: Ir. Wong Yee Foong 3. Perak: Ir. Loh Ban Ho 4. Kedah-Perlis: Ir. Mohamad Shaiful Asrul bin Ishak 5. Negeri Sembilan: Ir. Chong Chee Yen 6. Kelantan: Ir. Shaipuddin bin Shapii 7. Terengganu: Y.Bhg. Dato’ Ir. Wan Nazri bin Wan Jusoh 8. Melaka: Ir. Puvanasvaran a/l Perumal ϵ͘ ^ĂƌĂǁĂŬ͗ z͘ ŚŐ͘ ĂƚŽ͛ /ƌ͘ :ĂŶĂŶŐ ŶĂŬ ŽŶŐƐƵ ϭϬ͘ ^ĂďĂŚ͗ /ƌ͘ :ĞīƌĞLJ EŐ sƵŶ WŝŶŐ 11. Miri: Ir. Wong Siong Ung 12. Pahang: Ir. Ahmad Kamal bin Kunji

AHLI JAWATANKUASA INFORMASI DAN PENERBITAN/ ^d E /E' KDD/dd KE /E&KZD d/KE E Wh >/ d/KE^ ϮϬϮϭͬϮϬϮϮ Pengerusi/Chairman: Ir. Prof. Dr Leong Wai Yie EĂŝď WĞŶŐĞƌƵƐŝͬsŝĐĞ ŚĂŝƌŵĂŶ͗ /ƌ͘ WƌŽĨ͘ ƌ ƵŚĂŝŶĂ ďŝŶƟ ĂŬĂƌŝĂ ^ĞƟĂƵƐĂŚĂͬ^ĞĐƌĞƚĂƌLJ͗ /ƌ͘ ƌ ,Ƶŵ zĂŶ ŚĂŝ Ketua Pengarang/Chief Editor: Ir. Prof. Dr Leong Wai Yie WĞŶŐĂƌĂŶŐ WƌŝŶƐŝƉĂů ƵůĞƟŶͬ WƌŝŶĐŝƉĂů ƵůůĞƟŶ ĚŝƚŽƌ͗ /ƌ͘ WƌŽĨ͘ ƌ ƵŚĂŝŶĂ ďŝŶƟ ĂŬĂƌŝĂ Pengarang Prinsipal Jurnal/Principal Journal Editor: Ir. Dr David Chuah Joon Huang Pengerusi Perpustakaan/Library Chairman: Ir. Dr Kannan a/l M.Munisamy ŚůŝͲ Śůŝͬ ŽŵŵŝƩĞĞ DĞŵďĞƌƐ͗ /ƌ͘ KŶŐ 'ƵĂŶ ,ŽĐŬ͕ /ƌ͘ zĞĞ dŚŝĞŶ ^ĞŶŐ͕ /ƌ͘ ŚŝŶ DĞĞ WŽŽŶ͕ Ir. Dr Oh Seong Por, Dr Sudharshan N. Raman, Ir. Dr Lai Khin Wee, Ir. Tiong Ngo Pu, Ir. Dr Lee Tin Sin, Ir. Yap Soon Hoe, Ir. Dr Teo Fang Yenn, Ir. Dr Bhuvendhraa Rudrusamy, Ir. Tiong Ngo Pu, Ir. Lau Tai Onn, Ir. Yee Thien Seng, Ir. CMM Aboobucker, Mr. Muhd Ashiq Marecan bin Hamid Marecan LEMBAGA PENGARANG/EDITORIAL BOARD 2021/2022 Ketua Pengarang/Chief Editor: Ir. Prof. Dr Leong Wai Yie WĞŶŐĂƌĂŶŐ WƌŝŶƐŝƉĂů ƵůĞƟŶͬ WƌŝŶĐŝƉĂů ƵůůĞƟŶ ĚŝƚŽƌ͗ /ƌ͘ WƌŽĨ͘ ƌ ƵŚĂŝŶĂ ďŝŶƟ ĂŬĂƌŝĂ Pengarang Prinsipal Jurnal/Principal Journal Editor: Ir. Dr David Chuah Joon Huang ŚůŝͲĂŚůŝͬ ŽŵŵŝƩĞĞ DĞŵďĞƌƐ͗ /ƌ͘ >ĂƵ dĂŝ KŶŶ͕ /ƌ͘ KŶŐ 'ƵĂŶ ,ŽĐŬ͕ /ƌ͘ zĞĞ dŚŝĞŶ ^ĞŶŐ͕ Ir. Dr Oh Seong Por, Dr Sudharshan N. Raman, Ir. Dr Lai Khin Wee, Ir. Dr Teo Fang Yenn Secretariat: Janet Lim, May Lee

THE INSTITUTION OF ENGINEERS, MALAYSIA

Bangunan Ingenieur, Lots 60 & 62, Jalan 52/4, P.O. Box 223, (Jalan Sultan), 46720 Petaling Jaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan. Tel: 603-7968 4001/4002 Fax: 603-7957 7678 ͲŵĂŝů͗ ƐĞĐΛŝĞŵ͘ŽƌŐ͘ŵLJ ,ŽŵĞƉĂŐĞ͗ ŚƩƉ͗ͬ​ͬǁǁǁ͘ŵLJŝĞŵ͘ŽƌŐ͘ŵLJ

contents 5

6 - 13

COVER NOTE & EDITOR’S NOTE

COVER STORY The Semiconductor Industry

16 - 24 FEATURE %LRPHWULFV LQ ,GHQWL¿FDWLRQ

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25 ENGINEER’S LENS Humble Beginnings of Semiconductor Industry in Penang

28 - 31 FORUMS Photovoltaic Technology & Sharing Experience on Nem Solar PV Renewable Energy

Going Places with a Physics Degree

32 - 34 iem structured training Overview of IEM Structured Training Programme for Engineers

36 Form of Contract for Civil Engineering Works (CE 2011)

38

39

CAMPUS NEWS

ENGINEER’S ADVENTURE

Webinars for UTAR KL Engineering Students

Flying Through the Clouds

40

41 - 42

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DIMENSION PUBLISHING SDN. BHD.

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>ĞǀĞů ϭϴͲϬϭͲϬϮ͕ W:yͲ,D ^ŚĂŚ dŽǁĞƌ͕ EŽ͘ ϭϲ ͕ WĞƌƐŝĂƌĂŶ ĂƌĂƚ͕ ϰϲϬϱϬ WĞƚĂůŝŶŐ :ĂLJĂ͕ ^ĞůĂŶŐŽƌ ĂƌƵů ŚƐĂŶ͕ DĂůĂLJƐŝĂ͘ dĞů͗ н;ϲϬϯͿ ϳϰϵϯ ϭϬϰϵ &Ădž͗ н;ϲϬϯͿ ϳϰϵϯ ϭϬϰϳ ͲŵĂŝů͗ ŝŶĨŽΛĚŝŵĞŶƐŝŽŶƉƵďůŝƐŚŝŶŐ͘ĐŽŵ tĞďƐŝƚĞ͗ ǁǁǁ͘ĚŝŵĞŶƐŝŽŶƉƵďůŝƐŚŝŶŐ͘ĐŽŵ

COVER NOTE SEMICONDUCTORS: KEY ENABLER FOR CONNECTED WORLD by Ir. Dr Lee Choo Yong

Chairman, Electronic Engineering Technical Division (eETD)

CHAIRMAN ROBERT MEBRUER CEO/PUBLISHER PATRICK LEUNG GENERAL MANAGER SHIRLEY THAM Ɣ shirley@dimensionpublishing.com HEAD OF MARKETING & BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT JOSEPH HOW Ɣ joseph@dimensionpublishing.com PRODUCTION EDITOR TAN BEE HONG Ɣ bee@dimensionpublishing.com CONTRIBUTING WRITERS PUTRI ZANINA Ɣ putri@dimensionpublishing.com HANNA SHEIKH MOKHTAR Ɣ hanna@dimensionpublishing.com SENIOR GRAPHIC DESIGNER SUMATHI MANOKARAN Ɣ sumathi@dimensionpublishing.com GRAPHIC DESIGNER SOFIA Ɣ ƐŽĮĂΛĚŝŵĞŶƐŝŽŶƉƵďůŝƐŚŝŶŐ͘ĐŽŵ ADVERTISING CONSULTANTS THAM CHOON KIT Ɣ ckit@dimensionpublishing.com ACCOUNTS CUM ADMIN EXECUTIVE YEN YIN Ɣ yenyin@dimensionpublishing.com

&Žƌ ĂĚǀĞƌƟƐĞŵĞŶƚ ƉůĂĐĞŵĞŶƚƐ ĂŶĚ ƐƵďƐĐƌŝƉƟŽŶƐ͕ ƉůĞĂƐĞ ĐŽŶƚĂĐƚ͗

DIMENSION PUBLISHING SDN. BHD. Ί ϭϵϵϳϬϭϬϯϰϮϯϯ ΈϰϰϵϳϯϮͳdΉ ΋ >ĞǀĞů ϭϴͲϬϭͲϬϮ͕ W:yͲ,D ^ŚĂŚ dŽǁĞƌ͕ EŽ͘ϭϲ ͕ WĞƌƐŝĂƌĂŶ ĂƌĂƚ͕ ϰϲϬϱϬ WĞƚĂůŝŶŐ :ĂLJĂ͕ ^ĞůĂŶŐŽƌ ĂƌƵů ŚƐĂŶ͕ DĂůĂLJƐŝĂ͘ dĞů͗ н;ϲϬϯͿ ϳϰϵϯ ϭϬϰϵ &Ădž͗ н;ϲϬϯͿ ϳϰϵϯ ϭϬϰϳ ͲŵĂŝů͗ ŝŶĨŽΛĚŝŵĞŶƐŝŽŶƉƵďůŝƐŚŝŶŐ͘ĐŽŵ ^ƵďƐĐƌŝƉƟŽŶ ĞƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚ ͲŵĂŝů͗ ŝŶĨŽΛĚŝŵĞŶƐŝŽŶƉƵďůŝƐŚŝŶŐ͘ĐŽŵ :hZhd Z ŝƐ ƉƵďůŝƐŚĞĚ ĂŶĚ ƉƌŝŶƚĞĚ ŵŽŶƚŚůLJ ďLJ ŝŵĞŶƐŝŽŶ WƵďůŝƐŚŝŶŐ ^ĚŶ͘ ŚĚ͘

I

n 1956, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to William Bradford Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain for “research work on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect” which also marked a new chapter in the history of mankind. Since then, the design of semiconductor chips has become smaller and keeps pushing the limits of Moore’s Law, but they are very powerful and have enabled tremendous improvements in our quality of life. Semiconductors are used in almost every part of our daily lives. For instance, with just a small mobile device, we can stay connected today, remotely, conveniently and virtually. This is particularly important during the current pandemic in order to keep commercial and daily life going in a safe manner by reducing physical contact. The semiconductor is the backbone of new technologies such as 5G communication, artificial intelligence, smart manufacturing etc. The list goes on. The semiconductor industry has a complex supply chain which covers design, front end manufacturing, back-end assembly and testing, order fulfillment and technical support. We are proud that Malaysia is recognised as the leading hub for assembly, test and packaging as well as a growing destination for semiconductor equipment and toolmakers globally. The industry also hires a big pool of STEM talents, particularly engineers. I hope readers will enjoy the articles on semiconductor in this issue. Meanwhile, stay healthy, stay safe and stay resilient.

EDITOR’S NOTE YEAR-END REFLECTIONS by Ir. Prof. Dr Zuhaina binti Zakaria

JURUTERA MONTHLY CIRCULATION: OVER 50,000 MEMBERS

^ƵďŵŝƐƐŝŽŶ Žƌ ƉůĂĐĞŵĞŶƚ ŽĨ ĂƌƟĐůĞƐ ŝŶ :hZhd Z ĐŽƵůĚ ďĞ ŵĂĚĞ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ͗Ͳ ŚŝĞĨ ĚŝƚŽƌ d, /E^d/dhd/KE K& E'/E Z^, D > z^/ ;/ DͿ ĂŶŐƵŶĂŶ /ŶŐĞŶŝĞƵƌ͕ >ŽƚƐ ϲϬ Θ ϲϮ͕ :ĂůĂŶ ϱϮͬϰ͕ W͘K͘ Ždž ϮϮϯ ;:ĂůĂŶ ^ƵůƚĂŶͿ͕ ϰϲϳϮϬ WĞƚĂůŝŶŐ :ĂLJĂ͕ ^ĞůĂŶŐŽƌ͘ dĞů͗ н;ϲϬϯͿ ϳϵϲϴ ϰϬϬϭͬϰϬϬϮ &Ădž͗ н;ϲϬϯͿ ϳϵϱϳ ϳϲϳϴ ͲŵĂŝů͗ ƉƵďΛŝĞŵ͘ŽƌŐ͘ŵLJ Žƌ ƐĞĐΛŝĞŵ͘ŽƌŐ͘ŵLJ / D tĞďƐŝƚĞ͗ ŚƩƉ͗ͬ​ͬǁǁǁ͘ŵLJŝĞŵ͘ŽƌŐ͘ŵLJ Ξ ϮϬϮϬ͕ dŚĞ /ŶƐƟƚƵƟŽŶ ŽĨ ŶŐŝŶĞĞƌƐ͕ DĂůĂLJƐŝĂ ;/ DͿ ĂŶĚ ŝŵĞŶƐŝŽŶ WƵďůŝƐŚŝŶŐ ^ĚŶ͘ ŚĚ͘

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COPYRIGHT :hZhd Z ƵůůĞƟŶ ŽĨ / D ŝƐ ƚŚĞ ŽĸĐŝĂů ŵĂŐĂnjŝŶĞ ŽĨ dŚĞ /ŶƐƟƚƵƟŽŶ ŽĨ ŶŐŝŶĞĞƌƐ͕ DĂůĂLJƐŝĂ ;/ DͿ ĂŶĚ ŝƐ ƉƵďůŝƐŚĞĚ ďLJ ŝŵĞŶƐŝŽŶ WƵďůŝƐŚŝŶŐ ^ĚŶ͘ ŚĚ͘ dŚĞ /ŶƐƟƚƵƟŽŶ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ WƵďůŝƐŚĞƌ ƌĞƚĂŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƉLJƌŝŐŚƚ ŽǀĞƌ Ăůů ŵĂƚĞƌŝĂůƐ ƉƵďůŝƐŚĞĚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŵĂŐĂnjŝŶĞ͘ EŽ ƉĂƌƚ ŽĨ ƚŚŝƐ ŵĂŐĂnjŝŶĞ ŵĂLJ ďĞ ƌĞƉƌŽĚƵĐĞĚ ĂŶĚ ƚƌĂŶƐŵŝƩĞĚ ŝŶ ĂŶLJ ĨŽƌŵ Žƌ ƐƚŽƌĞĚ ŝŶ ĂŶLJ ƌĞƚƌŝĞǀĂů ƐLJƐƚĞŵ ŽĨ ĂŶLJ ŶĂƚƵƌĞ ǁŝƚŚŽƵƚ ƚŚĞ ƉƌŝŽƌ ǁƌŝƩĞŶ ƉĞƌŵŝƐƐŝŽŶ ŽĨ / D ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ WƵďůŝƐŚĞƌ͘

Principal Bulletin Editor

F

inally, the end of 2021 has arrived. The end of the year is always the best time to reflect on achievements made and to make plans for next year. However, for the past 20 months, we have seen huge disruptions in most of our lives, both socially and economically, due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Malaysia began its vaccination programme in February 2021 and since then, 94.3% of the adult population had completed the Covid-19 vaccination. This success is a key factor for the country to be in the final stage of its 6R strategy (resolve, resilient, restart, recovery, revitalise and reform) to exit from the pandemic. This month, JURUTERA focuses on semiconductors, an essential component in electronic devices in countless applications. Being a key player in the global semiconductor supply chain, Malaysia was affected by the disruptions in operations. It is hoped that the industry will recover when 2022 comes around. This issue of JURUTERA also marks the final bulletin for 2021. We would like to thank the respective technical divisions which championed each monthly issue. On another note, the Editorial Board would like to wish everyone a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year 2022. & HAPPY NEW YEAR 2022


COVER STORY

THE

SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY

After Ir. Abd Rashid Md Sidek graduated in 1983 with a Degree in Mechanical Engineering, he joined Shell in Miri 6DUDZDN DQG ZRUNHG RQ 2௺VKRUH Production Platforms. He left Shell in 1987 and worked with Brown & Root, Technip & Toyo Engineering in the .XDOD /XPSXU R௻FH XQWLO +LV FDUHHU FRYHUV 3URMHFW 0DQDJHPHQW (QJLQHHULQJ 'HVLJQ 3URFXUHPHQW DQG &RQVWUXFWLRQ VXSHUYLVLRQV FRYHULQJ ERWK XSVWUHDP DQG GRZQVWUHDP VHFWRUV ZLWKLQ WKH 2LO *DV DQG 3HWURFKHPLFDO ,QGXVWU\ +H UHFHLYHG KLV IHOORZ IURP ,(0 LQ +H LV WKH 3UHVLGHQW RI 0DOD\VLDQ 2LO *DV (QJLQHHULQJ &RXQFLO 02*(&

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COVER STORY

S

emiconductors are substances with properties that lie somewhere between a conductor and insulator. Common semiconductor materials are silicon and germanium. Semiconductors are used to construct diodes, transistors and integrated circuits (IC). The important milestone of semiconductors could be traced back to the invention of transistor in 1940s when John Bardeen and Walter Brattain of AT&T Bell Labs developed the point contact transistor. Since then, the industry had grown rapidly. In 1965, Gordon Moore (co-founder of Intel) predicted in Electronics Magazine that the number of transistors on a microchip would double every 2 years; this farsighted observation is known as Moore’s Law.

Today, semiconductors help improve our quality of life significantly, with faster computing speed, lower power consumption and more affordable cost. The semiconductor industry is a complex supply chain, consisting of design, front end manufacturing (wafer fabrication), back-end assembly and testing, order fulfilment and technical support to original equipment manufacturers (OEM). It plays a crucial role in the Malaysian economy as 7% of the total global semiconductor trade passes through Malaysia to the worldwide supply chain; the global semiconductor shortage was aggravated when some semiconductor plants in Malaysia halted production due to Covid-19. Reference: Łukasiak, Lidia & Jakubowski, Andrzej. (2010). History of Semiconductors. J Telecommun Inf Technol. 1. Hitachi High-Tech Corporation (2021) https://www.hitachi-hightech. c o m / g l o b a l / p ro d u c t s / d e v i c e / semiconductor/history.html Intel Corporation (2021) https:// www.intel.com/content/www/us/ en/silicon-innovations/moores-lawtechnology.html

GDP CONTRIBUTION BY THE SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY IN MALAYSIA According to the International Monetary Fund 2020, Malaysia’s economy is the fourth largest in Southeast Asia. It is also the 36th largest economy in the world. Labour productivity is significantly higher than that in neighbouring Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines or Vietnam due to a high density of knowledge-based industries and adoption of cutting-edge technology for the manufacturing and digital economy. According to the Global Competitiveness Report 2019, the Malaysian economy is the 27th most competitive country in the world. (Source: https://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Economy_of_Malaysia). The Malaysian GDP increased from US$101.05 billion in 2001 to US$338.28 billion in 2020 or an average annual rate of 7.02%. (Source: https:// knoema.com/atlas/Malaysia/GDP). The Electrical & Electronics (E&E) industry is the leader in Malaysia's manufacturing sector, contributing significantly to exports (32.8%) and employment (27.2%) in 2013. Malaysia benefits from the

DECEMBER 2021

global demand in mobile devices (smartphones, tablets), storage devices (cloud computing, data centres), optoelectronics (photonics, fibre optics, LEDs) and embedded technology (integrated circuits, PCBs, LEDs). (Source: Source: https:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_ Malaysia). The top 10 E&E multinational companies in Malaysia are: 1. Western Digital 2. Panasonic 3. Intel 4. Samsung 5. Flextronics 6. HP Malaysia Manufacturing 7. Dyson 8. First Solar 9. Infineon 10. OSRAM The top 6 E&E large local companies in Malaysia are: 1. Carsem (M) Sdn. Bhd. 2. Unisem (M) Sdn. Bhd. 3. SilTerra Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. 4. Inari Technology Berhad 5. Dominant Opto Techologies Sdn. Bhd. 6. Globetronics Group Malaysia is a key player in the global semiconductor trade. As mentioned

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COVER STORY earlier, approximately 7% of the total global semiconductor trade passes through Malaysia. In addition, it is a major part of the global electronics supply chain with E&E exports (RM386 billion) at 39% of the country’s total exports which contributed 6.8% of national gross domestic product (GDP) and employed 575,000 in 2020. (Source: https:// www.theedgemarkets.com/article/ semiconductor-players-warn-majorindustry-impact-if-ee-ops-not-allowedoperate-under-emco). During a meeting with a newlyformed chip trade group in April 2021, the Deputy Minister of International Trade & Industry, Y.B. Senator Datuk Lim Ban Hong, said we were the United States’ largest semiconductor trading partner with a 24% share, thereby establishing Malaysia as a leading hub for assembly, test and packaging as well as a growing destination for semiconductor equipment and toolmakers. With China and the U.S. driving a rebound in the global economy, Malaysia will benefit from having them as top buyers of our products. Our GDP from manufacturing expanded 6.6% in the first quarter of 2021, helping to improve overall GDP to negative growth of just 0.5% from the 3.4% contraction from the

preceding quarter. For the full year, overall GDP is projected to rise at a pace of 6% to 7.5%. (Source: https:// asia.nikkei.com/Economy/Trade/ Malaysia-leads-Southeast-Asiarecovery-on-digital-device-demand). Despite the outbreak of Covid-19, the global electrical and electronics market was estimated to be US$3,055.3 billion in 2020. It is projected to grow at a CAGR (compound annual growth rate) of 7% from 2021 and reach $3,699 billion in 2023. (Source: https://27. group/electrical-electronics-industryin-malaysia-can-we-move-up-thevalue-chain/). According to SEMI (https:// www.semi.org/), a global industry association representing the electronics manufacturing and design supply chain, Penang alone contributes approximately 8% (Malaysia’s total is 13%) of the global back-end semiconductor output. The state is one of the most significant microelectronics assembly, packaging and testing hubs in the world. This has successfully positioned Malaysia in the global supply chain of electronic manufacturing services, outsourced semiconductor assembly and testing (OSAT) as well as in research, design, and development. (Source: https://27.group/electricalelectronics-industry-in-malaysia-can-

we-move-up-the-value-chain/). The existence of Malaysia’s established E&E sector has facilitated our move into IR4.0 as well as the Internet of Things (IoT) technology. In short, our rapid industrialisation and high ranking among the group of top trading nations globally are mainly contributed by this industry. (Source: https://27.group/electricalelectronics-industry-in-malaysia-canwe-move-up-the-value-chain/). In this edition of JURUTERA, the Electronic Engineering Technical Division (eETD) would like to introduce 2 local semiconductor technology development manufacturers on front end semiconductor manufacturing and back end semiconductor testing. The first, Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Haji Syed Zainal Abidin Syed Mohamed, Executive Chairman of SilTerra cum Group Managing Director of Dagang NeXchange Berhad (“DNeX”) Malaysia, tells us more about the latest trend of semiconductor development in Malaysia. He had previously held the positions of Vice President, Downstream Marketing, Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS), Managing Director of PETRONAS Dagangan Berhad, and Group

Figure 1: Malaysia Exports Overview 2019 (Source: Matrade 2019)

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COVER STORY

Figure 2: The Evolution of E&E Industry in Malaysia (Source: MIDA)

Managing Director of Proton Holdings Berhad. In July 2018, he was appointed Chairman of the Board at Universiti Teknologi MARA (until January 2021). He holds a Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering from University of Maryland, USA.

Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Haji Syed Zainal Abidin Syed Mohamed

OVERVIEW OF SILTERRA MALAYSIA SDN. BHD. SilTerra is a 60%-owned subsidiary of Dagang NeXchange Berhad (DNeX). Beijing Integrated Circuit Advanced Manufacturing and High-End Equity Investment Fund Centre (Limited Partnership) (CGP Fund) owns the remaining 40%. With its headquarters in Kulim High Tech Park, Kedah, SilTerra has been a pure-play semiconductor

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foundry with the vision to be a worldwide foundry services supplier of choice with superior technology innovation. To push the boundaries of the semiconductor technology even further, Tan Sri Syed Zainal Abidin says that SilTerra has, since 2014, undertaken research to pave the way for the company to move into 4 areas of technology: Smart Power, Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems (“MEMS”) on Complementary MetalOxide-Semiconductor (“CMOS”), Silicon Photonics and Bio-science. SilTerra is moving full speed ahead and is joining forces with some of the leading research and development organisations in the world. As a pure-play foundry specialising in analogue/mixsignal applications, SilTerra offers a wide range of foundry solutions for advanced CMOS and specialty technologies. Its processes are matched to mainstream references foundries.

TRANSFORMATION OF SILTERRA MALAYSIA SDN. BHD. Together with its partner, CGP Fund, DNeX has big plans to grow SilTerra into a formidable technology

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player in the global marketplace. According to Tan Sri Syed Zainal Abidin, the main priority now is to drive SilTerra’s transformation with a focus on increasing plant utilisation, undertaking cost optimisation and expanding market access. These include initiatives to improve efficiencies and increase operational capacity as well as new capital investment to remove bottlenecks and improve plant utilisation. In addition, both shareholders will lead SilTerra to ready market access by leveraging on the network of partners, including strategic customers and long-term supplier contracts. This will be further complemented by the adoption of technology upgrades including MEMS and Silicon Photonics, to enable a change in product mix and generate improved business margin. Given the bullish outlook for the semiconductor sector today, where demand firmly outstrips supply and is expected to persist up to 2024, Tan Sri Syed Zainal Abidin believes that the company is confident that its business in the semiconductor market will grow at a strong pace. The growing adoption of technology such as IoT, 5G, artificial intelligence and electric


COVER STORY vehicles will continue to drive up the demand for chips. The shareholders of SilTerra have set a 2-year time frame to turn around SilTerra from when they completed acquisition of the company in July 2021 and to bring the company to profitability, backed by a revived management team under the leadership of Tan Sri Syed Zainal Abidin as its Executive Chairman.

FRONT END SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURER SilTerra's wafer fab started commercial production in 2001 and has a designin capacity of 40,000 eight-inch wafers per month. It currently serves customers in US, EU, Latin America, Taiwan, South Korea and China. SilTerra is ISO 9001:2008 and ISO 14001 certified; it is also IATF 16949:2016 automotive qualified production site. Environmentally vigilant, SilTerra delivers award winning, world-class products to customers seeking flexible capacity, custom technologies, competitive advantages and around the clock customer support. It has also progressed into More than Moore (MtM) technology areas to include silicon photonics, MEMS, IoT, advanced power and gallium nitride into our technology portfolio, enabling new products for applications in life sciences, consumer electronics, mobility and data communications. The history of MEMS at SilTerra started in 2010. According to Tan Sri Syed Zainal Abidin, the company’s first development project for MEMS was a micro-mirror array device for a display chip used in data projectors where the MEMS device was integrated into the 0.18 micron CMOS technology

Figure 3: Malaysia-made 8” wafer

and successfully developed a manufacturable process and achieved repeatable yield performance. The first device was a customer proprietary device, 1 MPixel WXGA. Subsequently, in 2011, SilTerra started developing its MEMS-onCMOS device architecture to set up the platform for RF MEMS integrated solutions. Resonator devices fabricated on its platform cover a wide spectrum of reference frequencies, ranging from 10 MHz to 2.4 GHz. The company also started the ultrasonic MEMS programme in 2015 to address the growing demand in finger-print sensing and medical imaging market segments. Its vision is to offer a mature MEMS-on-CMOS platform so that it can support various MEMS devices and sensors which are critical for upcoming markets such as IoT and autonomous vehicles. The semiconductor industry has been challenged to come up with chips that are smaller and consume less power so they can be used in mobile phones, vehicles, factory equipment and medical devices. This, in turn, has created new opportunities for semiconductor wafer foundries such as SilTerra, which is able to meet the demand for sensors, including those for ultrasound applications, through its MEMS-based piezoelectric m i c ro m a c h i n e d u l t ra s o n i c transducers (PMUT). Essentially, ultrasound sensors convert electrical signals into ultrasonic waves and vice versa. According to global industry analyst Yole Développement’s 2020 Ultrasound Sensing Technologies report, ultrasound sensors are seeing an emerging demand due

Figure 4: Fabricated CMOS devices

DECEMBER 2021

to developments in micromachined ultrasound transducers (MUT) which enable ultrasound sensors to be small and easily integrated into various applications. The biggest market segment is automotive driver assistance systems. The overall compound annual growth rate for ultrasound sensing technologies from 2019 to 2025 is expected to be at 5.1%, according to the report. Yole identified SilTerra as one of the top ultrasound sensing technology providers. It is the only Malaysian company in the report to be listed alongside companies like Philips and Qualcomm. The sensors can also be integrated into virtual reality headsets for gesture recognition applications and fingerprint biometrics, as well as point-of-care ultrasound in the medical sector. Essentially, ultrasound sensors convert electrical signals into ultrasonic waves and vice versa. The PMUT generates ultrasound waves by using piezoelectricity, which is the electric charge that accumulates in certain solid materials as a result of applied mechanical stress. It then senses the echo for spatial detection. The PMUT chip can generate ultrasound at a nanoscale. When you put an array of such sensors together, they behave like a digital camera with pixels. A camera has sensors to collect light and decode it into a picture, which is made up of dots. SilTerra’s ultrasound transducer applies the same principle, except that it collects sound instead of light. Three areas where PMUT can be useful are healthcare, consumer products and industrial sensors. The latter can be useful in high-speed manufacturing environments that need to detect defective products. Figure 5 illustrates the crosssection of the PMUT-on-CMOS and its operating mechanism. The Single PMUT with two top-electrodes is used as an acoustic transmitter and receiver. An Aluminium Nitride (AlN) piezoelectric layer is sandwiched in between the top and bottom electrodes. A cavity is designed below the PMUT membrane for piezoelectric

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COVER STORY actuation purposes. When a potential is applied between the 2 electrodes, bulk acoustic mode is actuated at microwave frequency with a high quality factor. One of the key challenges in the process integration is the deposition of high quality piezoelectric thin films. This is extremely important to SilTerra in the fabrication of piezoMEMS devices to ensure that the growth of films is controlled within tight specifications for uniformity and repeatability. SilTerra is continuously enhancing its process capabilities by using pure AlN and Scandiumdoped Aluminium Nitride (ScAlN) thin films.

SEMICONDUCTOR TESTER MANUFACTURER IN MALAYSIA

propel customers towards optimum productivity and operational efficiency. Aemulus’ strategies, he adds, are centred on investing in research on new test methodologies, algorithms, test instrumentation design and test software as well as research on how data science can help testers in predictive analysis and maintenance. Aemulus testers are designed and customised to test semiconductors or IC for different applications, i.e., RF Tester, RF Filter/Switch Tester, Analog/ Linear Tester, Mixed Signal Tester, Digital Test Tester, Open Short Tester and the all-in-one tester, mainly catering to the consumer electronics market.

TALENTS IN THE SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY

Mr. Ng Sang Beng

Figure 5: Schematic PMUT-on-CMOS and operating mechanism (layer not to scale).

In 2020, Tan Sri Syed Zainal Abidin says, SilTerra invested in Evatec’s CLUSTERLINE® 200 II tool for the development and production of high performance piezoelectric MEMS devices. The CLUSTERLINE® 200 II provides the company with great control over parameters related to stress, stoichiometry and uniformity across 200mm substrates which is crucial for the prototyping and production of its piezoelectric MEMS devices. Moving forward, there is a huge opportunity for emerging sensor applications in consumer devices, automotive, healthcare and medical markets which will continue to demand for highly versatile, miniaturised, reliable and cost-effective devices.

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Next, JURUTERA interviewed Mr. Ng Sang Beng, the Executive Director/ Chief Executive Officer of Aemulus. He is responsible for strategic operations, business development activities and R&D roadmap of the group. He graduated with a Bachelor of Electrical Engineering from University of Technology Malaysia in 1999 and has been involved in the semiconductor industry for over 19 years. He has vast knowledge in the design and development of semiconductor tester which focuses on radio frequency (RF), analogue/ digital/mixed-signals, Input/Output Buffer Information Specification (IBIS), Boundary Scan description Language, signal integrity and custom Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) designs. Aemulus has designed and developed automated test equipment (ATE) and test and measuring instruments (TMI) for the semiconductor industry since 2005. It focuses primarily on RF and mixedsignal semiconductor test markets, followed by automotive and lighting markets. According to Mr. Ng, the objective is to constantly enhance and provide test solutions which

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To remain competitive, semiconductor companies have been investing in the latest technologies to maximise revenue and expand new markets. These technologies and advancements are critically important. However, none of them would be possible without a talented workforce. In order to continue to preserve technology advancements, maintaining high-skilled technical talent, such as IC design engineer, wafer fabrication process engineer and testing/measurement engineer, is essential to meet the present and future needs of the sector. The loss of experienced talents will have an adverse impact on the quality and level of skill sets within the sector and may limit a company's competitiveness. There must be a cohesive approach to address the talent issues. We must continue to invest in educating and encouraging students about opportunities available in the semiconductor industry. During the interview, Mr. Ng said grooming the younger generation is an essential step in engineering talent development and that the effort should start from home. Parents can help to motivate and cultivate engineering values by encouraging their children to self-experience, be hungry for knowledge and to learn


COVER STORY

Figure 6: Aemulus product range

from their mistakes. He believes that with the right attitudes towards failure and success, engineers will be able to learn and innovate better. At the same time, more is needed to attract talents towards higher valueadded R&D activities. One such effort is the TalentCorp partnership with the Ministry of Education on the IndustryAcademia Collaboration (IAC). Through this initiative, employers can partner universities on curriculum

skilled talent. According to Mr. Ng, succession planning is an integral part of the talent management process at Aemulus. When talent is identified and developed from early on, employees will have a sense of purpose to stay and grow with the company. For example, potential Aemelus employees are identified and given a 5-10-year development plan to take part in the company’s management positions from managerial to CEO level.

Another aspect which can add value but is often ignored by employers is the healthy office environment. According to the Fellowes Workplace Wellness Trend Report, research indicated that an overwhelming 87% of the participants stated that they would like their current employer to offer healthier workspace benefits. This shows that there is growing expectations among employees for employers to provide a healthier working environment in order to boost productivity. At Aemulus, the building is designed to cater to employee wellbeing, with a dedicated car park and office space that is not fully optimised. This extra space is given to employees for their activities. Providing a positive office environment is part of how Aemulus boosts its ability to attract young talents.

MOVING FORWARD The semiconductor industry will continue to grow rapidly in the coming years due to emergence of 4IR. There are more MNCs making their presence in Malaysia, including Simtech (South Korea), LAM Research (US) and Robert Bosch (Germany), bringing a total investment value of RM14.1 billion in Penang in 2020. In addition, there are other investments such as AT&S (Austria) in Kedah, and Denso (Japan) in Selangor. These will create more high value job opportunities.

development, competitions and industry attachments as part industry and university synergise collaborations. The pilot initiative saw 14 leading employers partnering 9 public universities to address skill gaps within key technology clusters in the E&E industry, including Integrated Circuit Design and Embedded System. Apart from that, introducing attractive retention packages, which include job fit, better pay and benefits, career development and work culture, are also essential so that the sector does not lose experienced DECEMBER 2021

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Level 18-01-02, PJX-HM Shah Tower, No. 16A, Persiaran Barat, 46050 Petaling Jaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. Joseph How : +6011 1234 8181 Shirley Tham : +6016 283 3013

+603 7493 1049 +603 7493 1047 info@dimensionpublishing.com

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JURUTER A T H E M O N T H LY BU L L E T I N O F T H E I N S T I T U T I O N O F E N G I N E E R S, M A L AYS I A

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FEATURE

BIOMETRICS IN IDENTIFICATION

by Ir. Bernard Lim

I

n recent years, due to vulnerabilities in knowledgebased identity data, many organisations have increasingly turned to biometric systems. With the current Covid-19 pandemic, more people are now doing their banking digitally, which has resulted in more monetary transactions being carried out online. However, this can pose a security risk for both service providers and customers. One common issue is identity thief or fraud and over the years, various technologies have been deployed to combat this risk, including OTP, PIN, Token, etc. According to the US Bureau of Justice Statistics, it was estimated that in 2018, 23 million people (or 9% of those aged 16 and above) in the United States experienced at least one incident of identity theft. That same year, 5% of people aged 16 and above had experienced at least one incident involving the misuse of an existing credit card and 4% had experienced the misuse of an existing bank account, (Harrell 2021). The total financial losses due to identity theft totalled US$15.1 billion among 16.3 million victims aged 16 and above, with known losses of US$1 or more. In Malaysia, a recent survey conducted by FICO found that around 7% or 1.5 million people said their identity was stolen and used by fraudsters to open a bank account. To combat this growing threat in the mobile commercial space, various companies began to explore biometric technologies such as fingerprint sensors as far back as 2012. Biometrics have evolved from a single method of fingerprinting to many different types of techniques. The benefit of using biometric systems is an increase in the levels of security. Utilising biometrics for personal authentication is also more convenient and considerably more accurate than methods such as passwords or PINs. Beside all these benefits, biometric systems have become considerably more inexpensive and readily accepted by society.

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BIOMETRICS In the Encyclopedia of Cryptography & Security, biometric technologies are defined as “automated recognition of individuals based on their behavioural and biological characteristic.” (Micheli-Tzanakou and Plataniotis 2011) One particular company that looked into biometrics was Apple Computer which spent US$356 million dollars to buy a fingerprint sensor company (Authentec) in 2012; Apple has since integrated biometric sensors into its iPhones, iPads and other product lines (Cheng 2012).

Fingerprint biometrics. (Chris 2021)

Biometric Update has forecast rapid growth in fingerprint sensors, with expected market forecast to grow to US$5.8b by 2026. Chris (2021) The live fingerprint sensor that is built into each Apple product, is used to prevent unauthorised access to the device and the vast amounts of personal information that is stored in the phone. In addition, the fingerprint sensor can also perform identity verification for any number of subsequent third-party transactions without the risk of fraud.

DECEMBER 2021


FEATURE Initially, there were mixed reactions to Apple’s integration of fingerprint sensors into its products, but as the action had, undeniably, placed personal privacy and security first, consumers quickly came to appreciate the convenience and protection offered by biometric authentication. Furthermore, Apple’s utilisation of fingerprint sensors for ID verification appeared to be the tipping point for mass market adoption of fingerprint biometrics.

WHAT MAKES GOOD BIOMETRIC SOLUTIONS? Nowadays there are a considerable number of biometric systems in the market with different techniques. So it is important to choose the “right” solution and select a good biometric solution. Here are some of the characteristics that make a good biometric solution (Dutta and Ghosh 2012): • Universality: Each person should have similar characteristics (e.g. fingerprints) • Uniqueness/Distinctiveness: There should be sufficient differences in the characteristics between two persons. • Permanent: The characteristics should be sufficiently invariant (or not changing over a period of time or can resist ageing) • Collectability: The characteristics should be able to be measured quantitatively. However, there are also factors that one will need to consider in a biometric system and these include: • Performance: This indicates the accuracy, speed and robustness of the system capturing the biometric • Acceptability: The public must be willing to accept the technology as part of everyday life • Faked protection/Circumvention: This refers to how easy it is to fool the system by fraudulent methods or fool authentication system

TYPES OF BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES Biometric technologies are basically selected to suit applications in the commercial environment. The different biometric techniques are as shown in the diagram:

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FEATURE DATA & PRIVACY

BIOMETRIC AUTHENTICATION SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE? In a typical biometric system, there are 2 major phases: 1. Enrolment phase In this phase, the biometric information of the user or person is recorded in a database and is typically a onetime process. Generally, in this phase, measurement of information is done precisely. Subsequently, an algorithm called “Template Generator” is used to convert the measure raw data into a template. This template is typically encrypted and in a secure element, for example smartcard chip. 2. Recognition/Verification phase The second phase of a biometric system is the detection part for accurate and able authentication.

BIOMETRIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS

Since biometric technology was first introduced, data privacy has always been a major concern. This had prompted the creation of new legislative frameworks in some part of the world. For example, the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) protects EU citizens and residents from the sharing of biometric data with third parties. In the US, a patchwork of mandates have evolved at federal and state levels to regulate the use of biometric data. This will become one the biggest challenges and people will need to be wary when they release their biometric data to a third party. Such regulations should also be discussed and taken seriously in Asia. While biometrics definitely have a lot of advantages, there are plenty of challenges in introducing biometric techniques, especially when it comes to ethics, data and privacy.

A typical biometric system component and working principal are as follow: t Sensor t Pre-processing t Feature extractor t Template Generator t Matcher t Stored Templates t Application device

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ISSUES IN INTRODUCING BIOMETRICS The introduction of biometric data is loosely controlled and people are releasing their biometric data to not only government bodies but also to private sectors. The issue is how this information and its usage is controlled as well as the retention period of the data.

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Application Device Biometric Authentication System Architecture. (Álvarez, Hernandez Encinas et al. 2009)

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DECEMBER 2021


FEATURE STANDARDS & PERFORMANCE Over time, a lot of work had been done in the development of biometric standards as well as different technologies. Ongoing standards and methodologies are being researched and more work is required for the newer biometric technologies. Organisation and standards groups such as INCITS M1, NIST and ISO SC37 Biometrics groups are working to provide real-world statistics on biometric systems, so that consumers will have a better guide as to its true performance.

CHINT SUPERIOR SWITCHES

CONCLUSION There is a growing demand for the adoption of cloud-based technology, blockchain technology and AI. This will boost the need for biometric devices or equivalent technology to ensure the whole system is secure. People are looking at various biometric technology solutions and currently, the fingerprint recognition system has seen wide acceptance in various applications owing to novel technology, affordable price and easy usage. For higher secure applications such as in the government and defence sectors, a multifactor authentication is expected to be the fastest growing segment.

REFERENCES [1] Aichouni, A. B., et al. (2020). Review Paper On Ethics Regarding Biometric Technology. [2] Álvarez, F., et al. (2009). Biometric Fuzzy Extractor Scheme for Iris Templates. > @ &KHQJ 5 $SSOH ZDQWV ¿QJHUSULQW VHQVRUV LQ LWV SURGXFWV &1(7 [4] Chris, B. (2021). Fingerprint biometrics and IDV set for rapid growth, big players consider blockchain. > @ 'XWWD 5 DQG 3 *KRVK $ 1HZ $SSURDFK 7RZDUGV %LRPHWULF $XWKHQWLFDWLRQ 6\VWHP LQ Palm Vein Domain. 1: 01-10. [6] Harrell, E. (2021). Victims of Identity Tef, 2018. Bureau of Justice Statistics, US DOJ. > @ 0LFKHOL 7]DQDNRX ( DQG . 1 3ODWDQLRWLV %LRPHWULFV 7HUPV DQG 'H¿QLWLRQV Encyclopedia of Cryptography and Security. H. C. A. van Tilborg and S. Jajodia. Boston, MA, Springer US: 142-147. [8] Payal, M., et al. $ 6859(< 2) 0(7+2'2/2*< )25 ),1*(535,17 5(&2*1,7,21 $/*25,7+0

Author’s Biodata Ir. Bernard Lim is Chairman of IEM (Penang Branch), Committee Member of IEM Material Engineering Technical Division, Executive Committee of IEEE EDS Malaysia Chapter and Executive Committee of IEEE EPS Malaysia Chapter. He is also Vice President of Appscard Group AS, a Norwegian company based in Bayan Lepas, Penang.

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THE INSTITUTION OF ENGINEERS, MALAYSIA

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FEATURE

VIOLEDS – HEALTHY ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING

by Dr Lim Way Foong

T

he world today is changing very fast along with the emerging technologies such as light fidelity (LiFi), light detecting and ranging (Lidar), augmented reality, virtual reality, driverless cars and billions of Internet of Things devices. These technologies highlight the importance of artificial lighting. Without light, they would not have been achievable. Artificial lighting of today is energy efficient solidstate lighting, which uses light emitting diodes (LEDs) as the retrofit for white light to replace traditional lamps (incandescent/fluorescent lamps) and gradually moving into the next phase of smart LED lighting. LEDs can be found in home and street lighting, in offices, cellphones, tablets, laptop screens, etc. To produce high brightness white light to imitate natural sunlight, blue LEDs are deemed to be able to deliver the same level as sunlight after photoconversion using yellow phosphor. However, the exposure of the human eye to the blue radiation can profoundly affect human cells (ipRGCs), particularly at a peak sensitivity at

Figure 1: Typical activities according to the biological clock in humans

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450-480 nm wavelength. The ipRGCs will transmit signals to the brain and mediate circadian rhythm, melatonin production, alertness, body temperature, emotion and mood. Figure 1 shows typical activities according to the biological clock or circadian cycle in human bodies. When blue light interferes with the body’s circadian rhythm, it can also severely aggravate metabolic disorders (diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancers). During the day, high blue radiation does not cause much impact in humans because although not healthy, blue light can keep a high level of alertness. However, exposure to blue light at abnormal times, for instance in the evening, will disrupt our biological clock and activate the “wake state” of the circadian cycle. This is because with the high amount of blue light received by the eyes, our brain will interpret the environment as day time. We may find it difficult to fall asleep even though we are tired physically and when we do not get enough sleep, it will affect our alertness in the day time. We may make wrong decisions and lose focus as we become both physically and mentally exhausted. In the long term, we may become easily irritated and highly emotional. During sleep, our bodies also undergo a nightly detox routine to cleanse the colon, liver and other organs. Naturally, this will be affected when sleep is disrupted. According to the Meridian Clock in Traditional Chinese Medicine, timing plays a role in facilitating the detox function of the organs. During sleep, the organs take turns to process and filter out toxins for elimination. Each organ has its own desired time for the highest efficiency in detoxing. If we do not get proper sleep or the circadian rhythm is interrupted, some organs may work well to filter out the toxins while others may not have sufficient time or even miss the time window they need to detox. The consequence is a rise in health issues such as high blood pressure, diabetes, liver disease, colon cancer, etc.

DECEMBER 2021


FEATURE So, to minimise the consequences resulting from exposure to blue light, it is crucial to control the relative amount of blue emission. As the dose of blue light in artificial lighting is proportional to the circadian entrainment, spectral tuning of the blue light can be practised by decreasing the blue composition in the LEDs. However, a lower blue emission will give a warmer light with lower colour temperature as compared to light with a high blue emission. A warmer light is useful during the evening for relaxing but this is not suitable for use during the day because the dimmer light may impact our visual sight. The proposal to select violet colour is because of the minimal impact of violet emission on melatonin production. Blue light hazard has its highest peak intensity at 440 nm wavelength and this extends to 500 nm wavelength while major melatonin suppression happens in the blue wavelength region at the peak sensitivity at 464 nm wavelength (Figure 2). The effect is prolonged till the green and yellow wavelength regions.

day to night, has increased the amount of blue light entering our eyes. The effects coming from the gadgets will be higher than that from general lighting because of the close distance between our eyes and the gadgets. Since the current lifestyle is hardly going to change anytime soon, we need to look for an alternative solution unless we are willing to sacrifice or compromise by reducing the time for the use of gadgets in the evening hours. Here is where violet colour comes in. Author’s Biodata Dr Lim Way Foong, Senior Lecturer at USM’s Institute of Nano Optoelectronics Research & Technology, was awarded the LorealUNESCO Award for Women in Science in 2019 and named by Peak magazine as one of 6 exceptional women in the field of Science, Technology, Engineering & Maths.

Figure 2: Graph showing blue light hazard with respect to emission wavelength

Today, blue light comes from not only general light sources which are referred to as indoor lighting (such as light bulbs, tubes and downlight) but also from electronic gadgets (such as computers, televisions, displays, mobile phones, etc) because most of the latter use LED technology as the lighting source. Blue LED is preferred because of its ability to yield high brightness white light after photoconversion using yellow phosphor. However, the growing habit of surfing the internet on mobile phones while walking, dining and even in bed, as well as studying and typing on computers and laptops continuously from

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FEATURE UPCOMING ACTIVITIES WEBINAR TALK on “Plastics Sustainability: Challenges & Opportunities”

Webinar Talk on Ester Filled Distribution Transformer

Date Time Venue Approved CPD Speaker

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: 2 December 2021 (Thursday) : 10.00 a.m. – 12.00 p.m. : Digital Platform : Applying : Ir. Prof. Dr Nor Yuliana Yuhana

: 8 December 2021 (Wednesday) : 2.00 p.m. – 4.00 p.m. : Digital Platform :2 : Dr Bhaba P. Das

Virtual 2 Half-Day Seminar on Rock Engineering (07 December 2021 & 08 December 2021)

One Day Webinar on “Analysis and Design of Prestressed Transfer Plate And It’s Shear Concentration Effects on RC Shear Walls”

Date Time Venue Approved CPD Speaker

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: 7 December 2021 (Tuesday) : 9.00 a.m. – 1.00 p.m. : Digital Platform :8 : Mr. Tan Boon Kong

: 10 December 2021 (Friday) : 9.00 a.m. – 6.00 p.m. : Digital Platform :8 : Ir. Dr Low Hin Foo

Webinar Talk on the Challenges of ECRL Subgrade and Ground Treatment Works with the Fusion of Malaysia and China Design Code of Practice

Halfday Virtual Workshop on Introduction to Matlab - Rescheduled from 25 September 2021

Date Time Venue Approved CPD Speaker

Date Time Venue Approved CPD Speaker

: 7 December 2021 (Tuesday) : 5.00 p.m. – 7.00 p.m. : Wisma IEM, 17- GoTo Webinar :0 : Ir. Dr Yew Wan Tian

Complete Chlorination System Solution

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ENGINEER'S LENS

HUMBLE BEGINNINGS OF SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY IN PENANG

Ir. Dr Khor Jeen Ghee Ir. Dr Khor Jeen Ghee is Technical Advisor of the Electronic Engineering Technical Division, IEM

Ir. Dr Lee Choo Yong Ir. Dr Lee Choo Yong is Chairman of Electronic Engineering Technical Division, IEM

(Pictures courtesy of Johnny Michael Tan)

Tun Abdul Razak with a Made-In-Malaysia integrated circuit

T

he semiconductor industry in Malaysia can be traced to humble beginnings in Penang in early 1970s. The State, under the then Chief Minister, Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu, attracted a few key multinational corporations (MNCs) in the semiconductor industry which set up operations in an area that became known as the Bayan Lepas Free Industrial Zone. The success of this high-tech manufacturing area in the southern part of the island earned Penang the moniker, Silicon Valley of the East. The picture on this page shows the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, the late Tun Abdul Razak, receiving a Made-In-Malaysia integrated circuit; he was accompanied by Tun Dr Lim. To learn more about the history of the Bayan Lepas Free Industrial Zone and life during those early days, the Electronic Engineering Technical Division team spoke to Mr. Johnny Michael Tan, who had worked in the industry since the 1970s. He started his career with National Semiconductor in 1973, an MNC that was the first to set up an assembly operation in Penang.

DECEMBER 2021

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About APEC and INTPE Membership All Malaysian Engineers should join both the APEC and INTPE membership in Malaysia. One must apply to be a Corporate Member of IEM and a professional engineer with the Board of Engineers (BEM) first prior to registering for the APEC and IntPE Membership. Minimum qualifica�on to be a Corporate member of IEM and PEng of BEM is to have at least a minimum of three years’ relevant experience and a qualified accredited degree in engineering. One can apply to be a member of IEM via online applica�on or alterna�vely download the form from the IEM website at www. myiem.org.com and complete the appropriate applica�on and submit with payment. A�er admission as an IEM member, make a submission to the BEM to be registered as a P.Eng. One can apply then apply to be the APEC Engineer and the Interna�onal Professional Engineer if you have acquired 7 years of relevant experience with 2 years in a significant charge. The requirement of a minimum point of 50 CPD hours clocked to a total of 150 points over 3 years is also require. Applica�on form is available from the website and can be download from this website of www. apec-emf.org. Complete the form and submit with experience details and payment SPECIAL PACKAGE FOR REGISTRATION TO THE APEC AND EMF INTERNATIONAL REGISTERS VALID ONLY FOR THESE FEW YEARS!! In order to encourage more Engineers to join the APEC and EMF Interna�onal Registers, the entrance fee will be waived for all new applicants applying to join the two Registers. In addi�on, for new members signing up in year 2020-2021 you pay only 50% of the subscrip�on fees. (Terms and Condi�ons Apply) THEREFORE SIGN UP NOW TO ENJOY THE ENTIRE SPECIAL PRIVILEGE PACKAGE!!


Lysaght Ad FY22_IEM_2021July_OP.pdf

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FORUM

ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING TECHNICAL DIVISION

PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGY & SHARING EXPERIENCE ON NEM SOLAR PV RENEWABLE ENERGY

by Ir. Dr Lee Choo Yong

Ir. Dr Khor Jeen Ghee

Group photo at the end of the seminar

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n 15 August 2020, the Electronic Engineering Technical Division (eETD) organised a half-day seminar on Photovoltaic Technology & Sharing Experience on NEM Solar PV (RE) Renewable Energy at the Bayview Hotel in Penang. The speakers were Dr Mohd Zamir bin Parkhuruddin and Ir. Chau Hoo Wan. The seminar was moderated by Ir. Dr Khor Jeen Ghee and Ir. Dr Lee Choo Yong and organisers followed SOPs as stipulated by the government. The purpose of the seminar was to provide an understanding of photovoltaic (PV) materials and devices by a renowned researcher and experience sharing of net energy metering (NEM) PV application and configuration by a practising engineer. There were 70 participants who came from diverse backgrounds such as consultancy, contractor, authority and power plant as well as included researchers, scientists and technologists who wanted to get a holistic understanding of PV. The seminar commenced with the talk, Photovoltaic Technology, by Dr Mohd Zamir, a senior lecturer at School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). Dr Zamir’s expertise is in photovoltaic materials and devices (PVMD),

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Ir. Chau taking questions from participants

and solar PV technologies; he has published several research papers in the field and is also active in reviewing manuscripts for high-impact journals. Photovoltaic is the process of converting sunlight into electricity by using solar cells. Today, it is rapidly growing and has increasingly become an important renewable energy alternative to conventional fossil fuel electricity generation. Dr Zamir gave a broad but in-

DECEMBER 2021


FORUM

Members of the audience listening to Dr Zamir

depth introduction to PV which offered the audience an opportunity to understand the physics of PV cells and types of PV technologies available. He also discussed the manufacturing of PV cells and emerging PV technologies. Last but not least, Dr Zamir spoke about the R&D work done on PV at USM. After a short break, the second half of the event started. The speaker, Ir. Chau Hoo Wan, is chief engineer of his firm which provides specialised engineering services to local heavy industries. Ir. Chau graduated with BSc. Hons (1986-1988) and MSc. Hons (1988-1990) from South Dakota State University (SDSU) in USA. He was an SDSU scholarship holder and AllAmerican Deans’ List recipient for 3 consecutive years (1988-1990). Solar PV was one of his undergraduate R&D works in SDSU while he worked as RA & Instructor in SDSU in those early years. He had also published engineering papers in air pollution control system innovation. Ir. Chau gave an overview of the SEDA NEM (Net Energy Metering) solar PV, solar PV brief history & system technologies which had been successfully configured, applied and proven to be good investments. He said configuration of optimised effective Solar PV RE system required the consideration of a wide range of engineering, environmental and economics factors. Finally, he elaborated on the need for Solar PV engineering background knowledge when selecting a proper system for investment. In general, this meant it was essential to know the system before venturing into it as otherwise, the equipment investment might turn out to be a long ROI for the owner. After the talks, Ir. Dr Khor, Ir. Dr Lee and Ir. Bernard Lim (past chairman of eETD and then vice chairman of IEM Penang Branch) moderated the Q&A session. Participants raised many questions with regards to PV technologies, NEM, case study etc. and both speakers were happy to share their views. The seminar concluded with a souvenir presentation and group photo at 1.30p.m.

From left: Ir. Dr Khor, Dr Mohd Zamir, Ir. Chau, Ir. Bernard Lim and Ir. Dr Lee

DECEMBER 2021

For enquiry please contact: CRIB TECHNOLOGIES SDN BHD (564096-A), ARE WALL (M) SDN BHD (542608-W) No. 28-2, Jalan Setia Utama AS U13/AS, Setia Alam, Sek U13, 40170 Shah Alam, Selangor Tel: +603-3359 1227 (Hunting Line) Fax: +603-3358 7392 Email: groadesb@yahoo.com Website: http://www.ctsbare.com

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FORUM

ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING TECHNICAL DIVISION

GOING PLACES WITH A PHYSICS DEGREE

by Ir. Dr Mui Kai Yin

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technical degree can bring you places and allow you to do things you may not have expected to do. After he completed his PhD in Physics, Dr Khong Yoon Loong worked in various capacities in industry and academia around the world. At the InspireMe Talk organised by The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM) Electronic Engineering Technical Division (eETD), IEM Penang Branch, he shared his 30 years of experience working with his Physics degree and of learning along the way. The talk, held in collaboration with Penang STEM on 13 March 2021, attracted 135 participants, including students from Universiti Malaya, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Universiti Technologi MARA, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, University Science Malaysia, Universiti Technologi Malaysia, University of Wollongong and Inti International College as well as secondary school students and teachers from more than 60 schools in the state. It started with a warm welcome by IEM eETD Deputy Chairman Ir. Dr Mui Kai Yin who gave an overview (agenda) of the 2-hour talk and requested that participants answered the following two polls questions. 1. Will you pursue a science degree in the future? A. Yes B. No C. Not sure 2. What do you want to be in the future? A. Engineer B. Doctor C. Scientist D. Technologist E. Others The results of the polls showed that 57% had plans to pursue a science degree in the near future while 40% were not sure, 27% said they wanted to become engineers, 23% wanted to become doctors, 11% wanted to become scientists and 6% wanted to become technologists.

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After Ir. Dr Mui gave an introduction on IEM and eETD, IEM Penang Branch Vice Chairman Ir. Bernard Lim Kee Wing introduced IEM Penang and Penang STEM. Ir. Dr Mui then introduced the speaker, Dr Khong Yoon Loong, before handing the virtual stage over to him. Dr Khong thanked the organisers for giving him the opportunity to share his career path with all present. He said he would share his journey from when he obtained an undergraduate degree to completing his post graduate studies, postdoctoral works and working in various industries as well as setting up and managing the Penang Techdome till his recent retirement.

DECEMBER 2021


FORUM

Nehemiah Prestress 1140945-A

Nehemiah-OVM provides the following products and services: - Post-tensioning solution provider - Carpark Flat Slab - Transfer Plate - Beams, Box Girders - Alternative design solutions

Group photo of the talk

He spoke of his technical experiences at various stages of his university life in University of Canterbury (New Zealand), such as work in fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS), laser spectroscopy, the properties of diamonds (natural, blue, pink and yellow diamonds), and making synthetic diamonds, silicon wafering process, etc., which attracted many questions from the audience. There were 5 prizes (multi-meter), sponsored by Dr Khong, to be given to students who asked the most questions during the talk. And they did ask lots of questions, most of which were answered on the spot. Some asked generic questions about future career choices and career paths. These proved to be great inputs which would allow the organiser (IEM eETD) to think of how to attract students to a career path in science. Due to the time constraint and the overwhelming number of questions asked, Dr Khong only managed to cover half his planned agenda. Later, many students made a request for the second part of his talk and, after due consideration, IEM eETD decided to continue the talk in the second half of the year (2021). Another two polling questions were conducted at the end of the talk.

- Cable systems (stay cable, main cable, hanger)

- Bridge bearing and expansion joint - Construction solutions (heavy lifting, ILM, etc) - Monitoring, repairing and strengthening for structures

3. Do you like the talk? A. Love it B. Neutral C. Don’t like 4. Will you join IEM talk again? A. Yes B. No From the feedback, 79% of the participants liked the talk and 21% were neutral but 97% said they would take part in IEM talks again. In his closing remarks, Ir. Dr Mui thanked Dr Khong for sharing his inspiring journey. He also thanked IEM Secretariat staff members Wendy and Julie, IEM Penang YES and Ir. Dr Tan Kim Seah for their support. The event ended with a group photo.

DECEMBER 2021

Head Office Nehemiah Prestress Sdn Bhd 1140945-A No. 45-3, Jalan PJU 5/20 The Strand, Kota Damansara 47810 Petaling Jaya Selangor Darul Ehsan Malaysia Nehemiah Tel: (603) 6142 6638 A member of the Nehemiah Group Fax: (603) 6142 6693 Email: enquiry@nehemiahpt.com Certified by the European Organization for Technical Approval

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IEM STRUCTURED TRAINING

OVERVIEW OF IEM STRUCTURED TRAINING PROGRAMME FOR ENGINEERS

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n 21 July 2010, an ad-hoc committee was formed by the then Standing Committee on Examinations & Training (E&T) to initiate a developmental training programme aimed at enriching the experiential exposures of graduate engineers. The formation followed deliberations to address two (2) issues of general concern raised earlier by the engineering fraternity. These issues were namely, (i) A suggestion in 2007 by a Standing Committee to introduce a pupilage scheme to train engineers to be more specialised (discipline-based experiential learning) and articulated professionally. (ii) A need for a standardised and comprehensive programme to guide and train young engineers to gain requisite or vital industry-relevant competencies to enable them to be better prepared for eventual IEM Corporate Membership and thereof be suitable or qualified for Professional Engineer registration. The programme is structured as a complement to or a ready means and avenue within, but not as an alternative or substitute for any such other existing pre-professional engineer preparatory training programmes. The ad-hoc committee for the Structured Training Programme was finally developed in 2011, a rubric of generic industry-related competencies for each major engineering discipline, namely Chemical, Civil, Electrical, and Mechanical. For each discipline, the competencies were vertically classified into main categories within each, of which were subset elements. The vertically classified competencies were horizontally divided into two executive Modular Units: Unit A: Common Modules for all disciplines. Unit B: The 3 units – B1, B2 and B3 – were mutually exclusive components of Unit B. Meaning each of the Unit B1 (Design), Unit B2 (Engineering/ Construction/Operations/Maintenance) and Unit B3 (Research & Development and Commercialisation) had its own defined set of generic competencies which sequenced and interfaced with but was substantially part of that of the other component unit. In 2014, a Special Committee on Structured Training was formed to continue the task of the ad-hoc committee which was dissolved in 2012. This Special Committee

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on Structured Training initiated the implementation of a pilot programme on Unit B1 (Design); the programme has since been referred to as the Structured Training on Design (STPD) and is considered a key foundation in the hierarchy or order of professional development for young engineers. The Terms of Reference (TOR) of the Special Committee on Structured Training are as follows: t Converge and finalise all engineering disciplines training templates or modules. t Identify and deliberate the target or potential graduate engineers for training & development implementation to ensure that the outcome on training and development matches with the industry and employment opportunities so that it is in tandem with capacity enhancement, national development and aspirations. t Deliberate on graduate engineers’ engagement strategy. t Track progress of structured training and development implementation. t Programme Accreditation. t To form a “Search Committee” to source the right Trainers/Instructors/Learning Facilitators to conduct the programme, mainly to assist the graduate engineers who are unable to sit for the Professional Interview (PI) due to the lack of design experience. The implementation of the STPD programmes may be in one or both of the following modes of conduct: t A 6-month session comprising a course(s) and case studies on Design & Design Practices – all to include acquiring competencies on the application of codes and standards accordingly, as and where applicable. t Working singly or in a team on a common (or own, if allowed) project under a simulated (mock) Design Office work practice situations and under the mentoring and/or coaching by a Facilitator/Trainer. t At the end of the programme, the learning outcomes of the project should be achieved to ensure the participant had learnt or gained the required industry relevant experience. The common objectives of the above implementation modes are closely correlated to the evaluation and

DECEMBER 2021


BSM_Truecore_PrintAds_TrustTheEndingTruss_IEM_210x285_OP.pdf 1 8/6/2021 1:20:11 PM

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IEM STRUCTURED TRAINING assessment done by identified and responsible industry experienced trainers/instructors/learning facilitators with respect to the various levels of achievements in terms of Design Knowledge learnt, Design Practices (Skills) acquired, and thereof Competencies gained by the participants. Since 2016, a total of 37 participants had registered for the Structured Training programmes in the 4 major engineering disciplines. In the midst of this, 4 of the participants have passed the IEM Professional Interview (PI) and are now Corporate Members of IEM and Professional Engineers whereas the rest are in the process of submitting their applications. The Structured Training programme had also captured the interest of some Corporate Members of IEM/Professional Engineers who attended mainly as part of a refresher programme. The topics of the Structured Training programme for each engineering discipline are as follows: t 451% $IFNJDBM &OHJOFFSJOH Process and Engineering Design of a Crude Oil Refinery and Tank Farm - Premised on Process Safety & Environmental Sustainability. t 451% $JWJM &OHJOFFSJOH (i) Geotechnical Engineering Design (ii) Structural Engineering Design (iii) Infrastructure Works and Engineering Design (iv) Project Management Construction Practice Engineering Design.

t 451% .FDIBOJDBM &OHJOFFSJOH (i) Fire Protection System (ii) Heating, Ventilating and Air-conditioning (HVAC) (iii) Engineering Planning and Design for Sanitary and Plumbing. The Special Committee is currently in the midst of initiating collaborations with well-established organisations to have their engineers or staff to join the IEM Structured Training programme. It is hoped that such an initiative will provide an avenue for IEM to be at the forefront for the Structured Training programme, especially in developing graduate members to be future high capacity and competent Corporate Members of IEM which would then prepare them to practise well as Professional Engineers. Last but not least, within the current scope and mandate of the Special Committee on Structured Training of IEM in particular, and for IEM as a professional learned society, there are ample avenues and opportunities to cultivate or inculcate future generations of engineers to embrace continuous learning and professional development. Learning knowledge, acquiring skills and thereof gaining experiences, have to be decently premised on the approach of lifelong learning to stay current and relevant in order to serve, innovate and contribute to societies or communities as this would eventually contribute to national development in Malaysia. For further information on the IEM Structured Training, please email sec@iem.org.my.

t 451% &MFDUSJDBM &OHJOFFSJOH Electrical Engineering Design.

UPCOMING ACTIVITIES Webinar Talk On "Defibrillators – The Final Choice To Saving Lifes" Date Time Venue Approved CPD Speaker

: 11 December 2021 (Saturday) : 9.00 a.m. – 11.00 a.m. : Digital Platform :2 : Ir. Ts. Lau Yew Nen

Virtual One Day Workshop on Creating Project Critical Path Method (CPM) by Using MS Projects 2010 for the Beginners Date Time Venue Approved CPD Speaker

: 14 December 2021 (Tuesday) : 9.00 a.m. – 5.30 p.m. : Digital Platform : Applying : Ir. Desmond Fung Bin Chai

CETD VIRTUAL COMPETITION - Finale of 6th IEM Research Competition 2021

Webinar Talk on "Malaysian Model of Biophilic Cities: Emerging Roles of Project Managers"

Date Time Venue Approved CPD

Date Time Venue Approved CPD Speaker

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: 15 December 2021 (Wednesday) : 9.00 a.m. – 1.00 p.m. : Digital Platform :0

THE INSTITUTION OF ENGINEERS, MALAYSIA

DECEMBER 2021

: 15 December 2021 (Wednesday) : 3.00 p.m. – 5.00 p.m. : Digital Platform : Applying : Ir. Assoc. Prof. Syuhaida binti Ismail


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F O R M O F C O N T R A C T F O R C I V I L E N G I N E E R I N G W O R K S ( C E 2 0 11 ) Form of Contract for Civil Engineering Works [CE 2011]

Did you Form of Contract for Civil Engineering Works [CE 2011]

Did you Form of Contract for Civil Engineering Works [CE 2011]

Did you Know? 5

Know? 5

Form of Contract for Civil Engineering Works [CE 2011]

Did you Form of Contract for Civil Engineering Works [CE 2011]

Did you Know? 7

Know? 7

36

on Engineer's Authorities states that the following authorities cannot be delegated to Engineer's Representative :on Engineer's (a) Extension of Date for Authorities Completion states that the following (b) Certificate of Non Completion authorities cannot be delegated (c) Certificate of Making Good to Engineer's Defects Representative :(a)(d)Extension of Date for Final Payment Certificate (e)Completion Certificate of Default (b) Completion (f)Certificate CertificateofofNon Termination (c) Certificate of Making Good Cost Clause 2.5(4) Defects (d) Final Payment Certificate (e) Certificate of Default (f) Certificate of Termination Cost Clause 2.5(4)

on Notices states that notices are to be served to the addresses stated in the Articles of Agreement through the on Notices following mode states that notices are to be of service :served to the addresses (a) by hand with stated in the Articles of acknowledged receipt Agreement through the (b) by courier with following mode acknowledged receipt ofc)service :by AR Registered Post (a) by hand with acknowledged receipt Clause 9.1(3) (b) by courier with acknowledged receipt c) by AR Registered Post Clause 9.1(3)

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Form of Contract for Civil Engineering Works [CE 2011]

Did you Form of Contract for Civil Engineering Works [CE 2011]

Did you Know? 6

Know? 6

Form of Contract for Civil Engineering Works [CE 2011]

Did you Form of Contract for Civil Engineering Works [CE 2011]

Did you Know? 8

Know? 8

DECEMBER 2021

Know?

on Minutes of Meeting

5 that expressly states minutes of meeting must on Minutes of not be taken as Meeting instruction in writing. expressly states that minutes of meeting must not be taken as instruction in writing. Clause 3.1(5)

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CAMPUS NEWS

WEBINARS FOR UTAR KL ENGINEERING STUDENTS

by IEM UTAR KL Student Section

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etween August and October, 2021, IEM UTAR KL Student Section organised 3 webinar events: Personal Financial Planning, IEM ENBLOC Registration Briefing and Property Entrepreneurship. The Personal Financial Planning webinar was held on 16 August from 10 a.m. to noon on Microsoft Teams. This event was targeted at UTAR engineering students who were keen to understand the importance of personal financial planning and starting up a stock investment. The speaker, Ir. Dr Lim Siong Kang, a Professional Engineer and an Associate Professor in UTAR, had also become an experienced stock investor after he took the initiative to start his own personal financial planning. The webinar started with a lecture session, followed by a Q&A session where participants were able to ask questions based on what the speaker had shared with them. Most of the participants were satisfied with the talk. The second event, IEM ENBLOC Registration Briefing, was held on 3 September from 1.30 p.m. to 2.30 p.m., with the aim to brief all final semester engineering students on the differences between BEM and IEM, and to show them the path to becoming a professional engineer. The speaker, Ir. Dr Lee Tin Sin, explained the 3 routes to attaining professional engineer competency. Meanwhile, the Organising Chairperson also encouraged all engineering students to register for ENBLOC pending the March 2022 convocation, as they would be admitted as

Property Entrepreneurship Webinar

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Personal Financial Planning Webinar

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IEM Graduate Engineers. In short, the event managed to enlighten the students on the differences between BEM and IEM as well as on the benefits of joining and getting involved in these organisations upon graduation. The last webinar, Property Entrepreneurship, was a 2-day event held on 9-10 October, from 10 a.m. to noon. It focused on the need to utilise property as an investment vehicle and showed how one can generate external income from property investment. The speaker, Ir. Ts. Dr Kwong Kok Zee, is a Professional Engineer, UTAR lecturer as well as property entrepreneur. He shared with all his knowledge of financial mindset, investment strategy, differences between investor and entrepreneur, knowledge of fee management, rent-to-rent property, and Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT). The event was a huge success and participants enjoyed themselves very much.

DECEMBER 2021


ENGINEER'S ADVENTURES

FLYING THROUGH THE CLOUDS

Dr Leow Cheah Wei

An electronic engineer describes his real-world journey into cloud computing and the Internet of Things (IoT).

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oday, you don’t need to fly to reach the clouds. Of course, the clouds I am referring to relates to cloud computing. Recognised as one of the basic pillars of the 4th Industrial Revolution (4IR), cloud computing and associated pillars such as IoT, have been identified to spearhead Malaysia’s entry into the digital era. For details refer to MiTi https://www.miti.gov.my/miti/ resources/National%20 Policy%20on%20 Industry%204.0/Industry4WRD_Final.pdf and MyDIGITAL blueprint https://www. epu.gov.my/sites/default/files/2021-02/ malaysia-digital-economy-blueprint.pdf. As for me, my first step was to learn programming. During an internship at then Hewlett Packard Malaysia, I had my first taste of utilising programming languages for test engineering. It opened my eyes to the importance of computer programming in work associated with electronics. So I began a 2-decade relationship with software and hardware engineering. I would describe myself as a systems engineer specialising in PC-based technology for my first assignment. At this point, a friend explained the finer points that differentiated an electronic engineer (EE) from a computer science graduate; although both may be involved in software development, the EE goes deeper into adapting electronics to arrive at a technologically superior product. I agree with this view till today. During my postgraduate research on micro-electromechanical systems, I continued to pursue my interest in software solutions by automating test and measurement processes through the application of appropriate software. Then I worked as an R&D software engineer with Agilent Technologies (or Keysight today), which distributed electronic design automation software, before I left to start my own firm. Throughout my endeavours, I have added a mix of technological

experiences, ranging from strictly engineering work in the electronic and mechanical sectors, to related nonengineering tasks such as finance, for clients across ASEAN. Although some described me as a Jack of all trades who risked becoming a master of none, I continued my journey towards the clouds, taking with me a technological mix or concoction which I call “multi-physics”. Thanks to the combined software and hardware skills which I had acquired, I helped a startup client deploy its healthcare products across the globe on the Amazon AWS platform, conducted a training session on Microsoft Azure for an academic client and figured out how to deploy a full stack application on cloud in addition to a conventional on-premise server. From 2013, I had many requests for presentations on IoT technology, even though at the time, very little had been translated into actual sales and deployment. The market then was still in its infancy although, before the term IoT was coined, the technology used was essentially the same PC-based technology, from making of PCs to obtaining real-world data through the use of various data acquisition cards, test and measurement instruments or cameras. Subsequently, I received funding from the government to start a business venture associated with IoT, marking the next chapter of my journey. Today, I have a team of developers and hardware engineers capable of

The pillars of 4IR

DECEMBER 2021

Dr Leow Cheah Wei is the committee member of Electronic Engineering Technical Division, continues to run ecosystem activities related to 4IR.

providing services related to electronic hardware prototyping, R&D testers, plant process control and smart cities. My team is particularly proud to be part of the pool of local engineering resources involved in developing infrastructure for Made-in-Malaysia smart cities. Smart cities utilise the combined benefits of IoT and cloud computing to monitor and maintain critical infrastructure by providing diagnostic and notification systems to help them function seamlessly and effectively. Maintenance companies are instantly notified when devices malfunction; the entire process of notification, repair and reporting can be digitised with cloud technology. In some applications, we may make use of artificial intelligence technology to process the tonnes of data and video footage to provide advanced functionality like fault detection and traffic predictions. Recently, we received MIDA's Ai4S programme https://www. facebook.com/watch/live/?ref=watch_ permalink&v=898978747410951 to develop an artificial intelligence technology traffic flow monitoring system. We hope to complete the prototype soon for deployment at designated traffic light junctions. In a world where technology is rapidly evolving, my team continues to take part in periodic technological training in cloud computing and cybersecurity. Not all clouds are in the same sky but all are ready for us to reach out to. There is now a demand for engineers who have evolved over the years as factories move towards IoT and other pillars of 4IR. By upgrading ourselves and by undertaking actual customer projects, I am confident we can continue to fly through the clouds. I am still involved in PC-based technology and perhaps my wish now would be for this area of expertise to be renamed “cloud electronics technology”.

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TEMUDUGA PROFESSIONAL Tarikh: 10 November 2021

Kepada Semua Ahli,

SENARAI CALON-CALON YANG LAYAK MENDUDUKI TEMUDUGA PROFESIONAL TAHUN 2021 Berikut adalah senarai calon yang layak untuk menduduki Temuduga Profesional bagi tahun 2021. DĞŶŐŝŬƵƚ hŶĚĂŶŐͲhŶĚĂŶŐ <ĞĐŝů / D͕ ^ĞŬƐLJĞŶ ϯ͘ϴ͕ ŶĂŵĂͲŶĂŵĂ ƐĞƉĞƌƟ tersenarai berikut diterbitkan sebagai calon-calon yang layak untuk menjadi Śůŝ /ŶƐƟƚƵƐŝ͕ ĚĞŶŐĂŶ ƐLJĂƌĂƚ ďĂŚĂǁĂ ŵĞƌĞŬĂ ůƵůƵƐ dĞŵƵĚƵŐĂ WƌŽĨĞƐŝŽŶĂů tahun 2021. Sekiranya terdapat Ahli Korporat yang mempunyai bantahan terhadap ŵĂŶĂͲŵĂŶĂ ĐĂůŽŶ LJĂŶŐ ĚŝĚĂƉĂƟ ƟĚĂŬ ƐĞƐƵĂŝ ƵŶƚƵŬ ŵĞŶĚƵĚƵŬŝ dĞŵƵĚƵŐĂ WƌŽĨĞƐŝŽŶĂů͕ ƐƵƌĂƚ ďĂŶƚĂŚĂŶ ďŽůĞŚ ĚŝŬĞŵƵŬĂŬĂŶ ŬĞƉĂĚĂ ^ĞƟĂƵƐĂŚĂ Kehormat, IEM. Surat bantahan hendaklah dikemukakan sebulan dari tarikh penerbitan dikeluarkan.

Ir. Dr David Chuah Joon Huang ^ĞƟĂƵƐĂŚĂ <ĞŚŽƌŵĂƚ͕ / D ;^ĞƐƐŝ ϮϬϮϬͬϮϬϮϭͿ PERMOHONAN BARU / PERPINDAHAN MENJADI AHLI KORPORAT

Nama KEJURUTERAAN AWAM

Kelayakan

AHMAD SHAHRIR BIN MD NAZIRI

BE HONS (UKM) (CIVIL & STRUCTURE, 1999) ME (UPM) (WATER, 2007)

ELISSA BINTI KADIR

BE HONS (UiTM) (CIVIL, 2002) MSc (UiTM) (STRUCTURAL, 2018)

LEE HUI FUEN

BE HONS (UTM) (CIVIL, 2016)

LING LLOYD

BSc (CALIFORNIA STATE) (CIVIL, 1997) MSc (CALIFORNIA STATE) (ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT, 1998) PhD (UTM) (CIVIL, 2017)

MARINA BINTI MASERI

BE HONS (UiTM) (CIVIL, 2010) MSc (UiTM) (CIVIL (GEOTECHNIQUE), 2014)

MOHAMAD ASHRULNIZAM BIN ABDUL RAHIM

BE HONS (UPM) (CIVIL, 2006)

MOHD KHAIRUDDIN BIN MD. HAMDAN

BE (UMP) (CIVIL, 2010)

MOHD NAJMIN BIN ALIAS

BE HONS (UPM) (CIVIL, 2009)

MOHD SUHAIZAD BIN SAUTI

BE HONS (UKM) (CIVIL & STRUCTURAL, 2004)

MUHANNAD BIN JAMIL

BE (PURDUE) (CIVIL, 2004)

SA'ADIAH BINTI MOHD YUSOH

BE HONS (UTM) (CIVIL, 2006) ME (UPM) (HIGHWAY & TRANSPORTATION, 2018)

SITI ROKHIYAH BINTI ABU

BE HONS (UTM) (CIVIL, 2005)

KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL WONG YI HAO

BE HONS (UTAR) (MECHANICAL, 2009)

NG HAU WEI

BE HONS (UTM) (MECHANICAL, 2001)

PERMOHONAN BARU / PERPINDAHAN MENJADI AHLI KORPORAT

Nama KEJURUTERAAN AWAM

Kelayakan

KUNASAKARAM A/L SUPPIAH RAMAN

BE HONS (UTM) (CIVIL, 2008) MSc (USM) (PROJECT MANAGEMENT, 2012)

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIKAL WONG KIM SING

No. Nama Ahli KEJURUTERAAN AWAM 20964

PERPINDAHAN AHLI

ASNILAH BINTI ABDULLAH

ME HONS (CARDIFF) (CIVIL, 2017)

32886

CHUA KIM ENG

BE HONS (UNIMAS) (CIVIL, 2011)

45550

LEOW CHEE SIN

BE HONS (USM) (CIVIL, 2014)

94364

LIAW EI HONG

BE HONS (NUS & MELBOURNE) (CIVIL, 2012) MSc (NUS) (OFFSHORE TECHNOLOGY, 2016)

81480

MOHAMAD FADHLAN BIN MD IBRAHIM

BE HONS (UKM) (CIVIL & STRUCTURAL, 2010)

26866

NOOR EFFARIZAN BIN ISMAIL

BE HONS (USM) (CIVIL, 2000)

26296

NOOR NASHAIRIE BIN MOHD NASIR

BE HONS (UiTM) (CIVIL, 2008) MSc (UiTM) (STRUCTURAL, 2018)

73064

SUAHAIMI BIN MATUSIN

BE HONS (UTM) (CIVIL, 2017)

93708

WONG WENG HONG

BE HONS (UNITEN) (CIVIL, 2014)

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIKAL 94367

AHMAD USSHAMMA BIN AMERUDIN

BE HONS (UiTM) (ELECTRICAL, 2012)

25374

MOHD ZULFIKRE BIN M RASIB @ M RASIF

BE HONS (UiTM) (ELECTRICAL, 2007)

34555

OSMAN BIN ABU BAKAR

BE HONS (UTeM) (CONTROL, INSTRUMENTATION & AUTOMATION, 2009)

93862

REUBAN A/L ANTONY

BE HONS (UNITEN) (ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS, 2011)

57294

MOHD KHAIRI BIN MAT KIMI

BE HONS (UTHM) (ELECTRONIC, 2015)

114783

NUR AZLIN BINTI MOHD YUSOFF

BE HONS (UPM) (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS, 2003) MSc (LEEDS) (ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS, 2012)

89294

ONG KANG SHEN

BE HONS (UTAR) (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC, 2018)

100663 SAN WEI JIAN

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRONIK HAJAR BINTI JA'AFAR

BE HONS (UTM) (ELECTRICAL - ELECTRONICS, 2010) MSc (UiTM) (TELECOMMUNICATION & INFORMATION, 2012) PhD (UiTM) (ELECTRICAL, 2016)

59954

MOHD ZAMRI BIN HASAN

BE (MIYAZAKI) (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC, 2005) ME (MIYAZAKI) (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC, 2007)

70930

MOHD ZERTY IQRAM BIN KHIDZER

BE HONS (UTeM) (CONTROL, INSTRUMENTATION & AUTOMATION, 2007)

99175

YAP CHEE HAUR

BE HONS (UKM) (ELECTRICAL, ELECTRONIC & SYSTEMS, 2002)

KEJURUTERAAN GEOTEKNIKAL 35656

LIM SUEGIN, KELLY

BE HONS (UNITEN) (CIVIL, 2009) M Phil (THE HONG KONG UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY) (CIVIL, 2012)

94004

WONG HSUI HAN

ME HONS (EXETER) (CIVIL & ENVIRONMENTAL, 2016)

KEJURUTERAAN KIMIA 70023

KU MOHAMAD AFIQ BIN KU ARSHAD

KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL CHAI KAO KHY, AARON

BE HONS (MMU) (MECHANICAL, 2013)

99535

JONATHAN YEK LI-ZIA

ME HONS (BATH) (INTEGRATED MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL, 2014)

58175

TAN CHEE NIAN

BE HONS (UTeM) (MECHANICAL - DESIGN & INNOVATION, 2016) MSc (UTeM) (MECHANICAL, 2018)

KEJURUTERAAN PEMBINAAN 114422

No. Nama Kelayakan Ahli KEJURUTERAAN AEROANGKASA

40

24204 CHUA YAW LONG

BE HONS (UPM) (AEROSPACE, 2000) MSc (SHEFFIELD) (CONTROL SYSTEMS, 2004)

80786 TANG KOK CHEONG

BE HONS (SALFORD) (AERONAUTICAL, 1994) PhD (SALFORD) (1998)

JURUTERA

THE INSTITUTION OF ENGINEERS, MALAYSIA

BE HONS (UTM) (CHEMICAL, 2017)

81455

KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL

Adalah dimaklumkan bahawa terdapat satu kesilapan atas calon berikut dalam senarai yang diluluskan untuk menduduki Temuduga Profesional dalam buletin bulan November. Beliau adalah calon yang mendaftar sebagai Ahli dan bukan calon untuk menduduki Temuduga Profesional: -

BE HONS (MALAYA) (ELECTRICAL, 2017)

36254

KAVINDRAN A/L SUKUMARAN

ERRATA

BE HONS (UTM) (CIVIL, 2000)

106139 CHIN YUNG HONG

BSc HONS (OKLAHAMA STATE) (ELECTRICAL, 1995)

BE HONS (UTM) (MECHANICAL, 2012)

Kelayakan

MUHAMMAD MUSADDIQ BIN ABD MANAP

BE HONS (UTM) (CIVIL, 2016)

KEJURUTERAAN PETROLEUM 79326

SOW CHIA SHEN

BE HONS (ALBERTA) (PETROLEUM, 2011)

PERMOHONAN BARU / PERPINDAHAN MENJADI AHLI KORPORAT

No. Nama Ahli KEJURUTERAAN AWAM

Kelayakan

14765

BE HONS (USM) (CIVIL, 1993)

MOHD ZULKIFLI BIN ABDUL RAHMAN

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIKAL 46962

KHAIRUL AZMI BIN MOHD YUSOFF

BE (UMP) (ELECTRICAL (ELECTRONICS), 2011)

KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL 58086

SIK CHIN KHUEN

BE HONS (UTAR) (MECHANICAL, 2011)

88849

YEOH YEN SHIONG

BE HONS (MMU) (MECHANICAL, 2010)

DECEMBER 2021


KEAHLIAN CONTINUATION FROM NOVEMBER ISSUE 2021

112799 MOHD ROHAIZAN BIN SHAMSUDIN @ SAMSUDIN 113068 TEO TECK CHEONG

PEMINDAHAN AHLI KEPADA AHLI KORPORAT No. Nama Kelayakan Ahli KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL

94378 36888

MOHD RIDZUAN BIN SUID MOHD RUZAINI BIN MOHAMAD NOOR

42456

MURTHY A/L RAMARAO

59039

NG TZE TAT

50882

OOI TZE HOONG

50184

SIM SOO CHOON

BE HONS (MALAYA) (MECHANICAL, 2010) BE HONS (ESSEX) (COMPUTER & COMMUNICATIONS, 1990) ME (UNITEN) (ELECTRICAL, 2017) BE HONS (UNISEL) (MECHANICAL, 2007) BE HONS (UKM) (MECHANICAL, 2011) BE HONS (USM) (MECHANICAL, 2015) BE HONS (UTP) (MECHANICAL, 2009)

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRONIK

34039

INTAN RAHAYU BINTI IBRAHIM

112737 MOHD HANAPIAH BIN ABDULLAH 112801 NOR AZLAN BIN OTHMAN

WONG CHANG YAU, SANDRA

BE HONS (UNITEN) (CIVIL, 2005)

KEJURUTERAAN STRUKTUR

53628

WONG LUNG FEI

BE HONS (UKM) 9CIVIL & STRUCTURAL, 2013) BSc (DUISBERG-ESSEN) CIVIL, 2013)

PEMINDAHAN KEPADA AHLI (MELALUI PEPERIKSAAN PENILAIAN PROFESIONAL) No. Nama Ahli KEJURUTERAAN AWAM

37046 ELAINE KUSON 108127 MOHD ZULHAIRI BIN SOBRI 70277 NGIAM KEE HWEE

Kelayakan

BE HONS (UTP) (CIVIL, 2007) BE HONS (UTP) (CIVIL, 2008) Sc HONS (OKLAHOMA) (CIVIL, 1996)

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIKAL

87360

CHAN JEE HENG

72220

KOO LI CHIAT

27977

KWOK YEW HOE

66526

MOHAMMED REYASUDIN BIN BASIR KHAN

52820

MUHAMMAD NURZUHAILI BIN ZAINUDI

BE HONS (MMU) (ELECTRICAL, 2013) BE HONS (UNITEN) (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS, 2010) BE HONS (MALAYA) (ELECTRICAL, 1998) BE HONS (UNITEN) (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS, 2011) PhD (UNITEN) (2016) BE (UMP) (POWER SYSTEM, 2012) ME (MALAYA) (2017)

KEJURUTERAAN KIMIA

112800 SHAKILA BINTI ZAINON

66705 64837

JARONIE BIN MOHD JANI LAU CHIN SHENG

MOHD HAZWAN BIN MOHAMED HANIFFA

MIED (UPM) (2008) PhD (RMIT) (2016) BE HONS (NUS) (MECHANICAL, 2008) BE HONS (MALAYA) (MECHANICAL, 2007)

KEJURUTERAAN MEKATRONIK

58103

SALMIAH BINTI AHMAD

BE HONS (IIUM) (MECHATRONICS, 2001) ME (CURTIN) (ELECTRICAL, 2005) PhD (SHEFFIELD) (2010)

PERMOHONAN MENJADI AHLI KORPORAT No. Nama Ahli KEJURUTERAAN AWAM

113062 AL SHARIF BIN RAMZI 112803 HANI NADZRAH BINTI RAZALI 112741 LIM HAN JIAN 112736 MOHAMMAD SALI BIN YUSSOF 112739 MOK YEW CHEONG 112735 NADZROL FADZILAH BINTI AHMAD 112738 NUR HISYAM BIN KAMALUDIN

Kelayakan

BE HONS (USM) (CIVIL, 2011) BE HONS (UKM) (CIVIL & STRUCTURAL, 2005) BE HONS (UTAR) 9CIVIL, 2011) BE HONS (UiTM) (CIVIL, 2011) BSc (ALABAMA) 9CIVIL, 2001) MSc (UTM) (CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT, 2007) BE HONS (UPM) (CIVIL, 1992) ME (UPM) (HIGHWAY & RANSPORTATION, 2007) PhD (UPM) (2014) BE HONS (UTHM) (CIVIL, 2012)

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIKAL

113065 ALI AKBAR BIN AHMAD JASMI

BE HONS (UTM) 9CIVIL, 2004)

BE HONS (UiTM) (CHEMICAL, 2007)

KEJURUTERAAN KOMUNIKASI

113066 SAIDATUL NORLYANA BINTI AZEMI

BE HONS (UniMAP) (COMMUNICATION, 2007) MSc (UniMAP) (COMMUNICATION, 2010)

KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL

113061 MOHAMAD NUR HIDAYAT BIN MAT

112740 MOHD IMRAN BIN IBRAHIM 112798 PRASHANTH A/L KAMALANATHAN

BE HONS (UTP) (MECHANICAL, 2014) PhD (UTHM) (MECHANICAL, 2019) BE HONS (USM) (MECHANICAL, 2001) BE HONS (TAYLOR'S) (MECHANICAL, 2013) MSc (MALAYA) (2015)

PERMOHONAN KEPADA AHLI ‘SENIOR GRADUATE’ No. Nama Ahli KEJURUTERAAN AWAM

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIKAL

113070 AZIDI BIN NAWAWI 113086 MOHD RIDZUAN YUSOFF 113079 MOHD ZAMIR BIN PAKHURUDDIN

113083 NAJMI RAFIUDDIN BIN ABDUL MALEK 113077 OOI SOO HENG

BE HONS (IIUM) (MECHATRONICS, 2009)

KEJURUTERAAN PEMBUATAN

113067 PRAKASH RAO A/L POLAIAH

BE (GORDON UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN) (MECHANICAL & OFFSHORE, 2004)

PERMOHONAN MENJADI AHLI (MELALUI PEPERIKSAAN PENILAIAN PROFESIONAL) No. Nama Ahli KEJURUTERAAN AWAM

113064 MOHAMED ADIB BIN ABD HAMID 112744 NOOR NABILAH BINTI SARBINI

113063 WAN MOHD NAZRI BIN WAN IDRIS

Kelayakan

BE HONS (USM) (CIVIL, 2001) BE HONS (UTM) (CIVIL, 2008) ME (UTM) (CIVILSTRUCTURE, 2010) PhD (UTM) (CIVIL, 2014) BE HONS (UTM) (CIVIL, 1989)

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIKAL

112804 HOI WEI CHUN

BE HONS (UTP) (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS, 2008)

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRONIK

112742 SAFRI BIN CHE KUB

BE HONS (PORTSMOUTH) (ELECTRONIC & ELECTRICAL, 1997)

KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL

112743 CHE HASSAN BIN CHE MAHMOOD

BE HONS (USM) (MECHANICAL, 2002)

PEMINDAHAN KEPADA AHLI ‘SENIOR GRADUATE’ No. Nama Ahli KEJURUTERAAN AWAM

42694

HARTINI BINTI AZMI

Kelayakan

BE HONS (UTHM) (CIVIL, 2011)

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIKAL

35644

MOHAMAD ZAKUAN BIN BE HONS (UTM) HASSAN (ELECTRICALINSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL, 2007) ME (UTM) (PETROLEUM, 2017)

KEJURUTERAAN KIMIA

88955

LEE JIAN XIAN

BE HONS (UNITEN) (ELECTRICAL POWER, 2007)

DECEMBER 2021

BE (NEW SOUTH WALES) (CHEMICAL, 2010)

Kelayakan

112796 DZULKAIRI BIN IBRAHIM ME HONS (UNI. OF LONDON) (CIVIL, 1997) 113076 EZATUL SALWA BE HONS (MALAYA) (2003) ABDULLAH 113084 KEVIN EU-JIN LOW BSc (CALIFORNIA) (CIVIL, 2010) MSc (CALIFORNIA) (CIVIL & ENVIRONMENTAL, 2011) 113078 LEE SEAN PEIK, BE HONS (UKM) (CIVIL & AMANDA ENVIRONMENTAL, 2009) PhD (THE UNI. OF NOTTINGHAM) (2017) 112791 LIEW KAM WAH BE HONS (USM) (CIVIL, 2005) 112788 MOHD NAFIS BIN ISNIN BE HONS (UTM)(CIVIL, 2000) MSc (UiTM)(INTEGRATED CONSTRUCTION PROJECT MANAGEMENT, 2005) 112793 MOHD YUSMAN ABD BSc (HARTFORD) (CIVIL, MUTALIB 2000) 113081 NURMUNIRA BINTI BE HONS (UTM) (CIVIL, 2011) MUHAMMAD @ ATAN ME (UMP) (CIVIL, 2014) PhD (BRITISH COLUMBIA) (CIVIL, 2020)

KEJURUTERAAN MEKATRONIK

113069 NASRUL ANUAR BIN ABD RAZAK

KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL

42437

BE HONS (UNITEN) (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS, 2000) BE HONS (UiTM) (ELECTRICAL, 2003) MSc (UKM) (MICROELECTRONICS, 2006) BE HONS (UNITEN) (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS, 2002)

KEJURUTERAAN GEOTEKNIKAL

112802 AHMAD SAFUAN BIN A RASHID

KEJURUTERAAN PENGANGKUTAN

46756

BE HONS (UTM) (ELECTRICALELECTRONICS, 2001) BE HONS (UTAR) (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS, 2013)

BE HONS (UTM) (ELECTRICAL, 2011) BE HONS (UTP) (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS, 2007) BE (SHEFFIELD) (ELECTRICAL, 2003) MSc (USM) (PHYSICS, 2012) PhD (NEW SOUTH WALES) (2016) BE HONS (UNISEL) (ELECTRICAL, 2013) BE HONS (UCSI) (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC, 2006) ME (MALAYA) (2010)

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRONIK

112733 NOR HISYAMUDDIN BIN BE HONS (IIUM) ZAKARIA (COMMUNICATION, 2010) 112789 ROGER BIN JOHN BE HONS (UMP) (ELECTRICALELECTRONICS, 2007) ME (UPM) (MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS, 2011) 113082 YUZRI BIN MOHD BE (THE UNI. OF ELECTROYUSOFF COMMUNICATIONS, TOKYO) (ELECTRONIC, 2000) ME (MMU) (MICROELECTRONICS, 2018)

KEJURUTERAAN KIMIA

112731 ASHRAF TARIQ ANWAR BIN ANUAR

BE HONS (UTM) (CHEMICAL, 2009)

KEJURUTERAAN KOMUNIKASI

112794 PUAH LAI KIAN

BE HONS (RMIT) (COMMUNICATION, 1995) PhD (RMIT) (2000)

KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL

11270

AL'AZHARINO BIN AHMAD 113088 J KULASEGARAN JAYABALAN 112795 113087 113085 112732 113080

112792

BE HONS (UTHM) (MECHANICAL, 2006) BE HONS (UTM) (MECHANICAL, 2001) ME (UTM) (MECHANICAL, 2007) MOHAMAD JOHARI BIN BSc (NORTHERN ILLINOIS) MUSTAFA (MECHANICAL, 1995) MOHD MUSHIHELMI BIN BE HONS (UNITEN) MD. MUKHTAR (MECHANICAL, 2012) MOHD SOFIYUDDIN BIN BE HONS (UTHM) MD HANIF (MECHANICAL, 2011) SUFFIAN BIN ADNAN BE HONS (UiTM) (MECHANICAL, 2008) SUGANANDHA B Tech (INDIAN INSTITUTE BHARATHI A/L OF TECHNOLOGY KANPUR) JAYABARATHI (MECHANICAL, 1997) MSc (USM) (MECHANICAL, 2008) YONG YEE CHUAN, BSc (PURDUE) KENNETH (MECHANICAL, 2004)

PERMINDAHAN KEPADA AHLI SISWAZAH No. Nama Ahli KEJURUTERAAN AWAM

41696 47331 69785

FIRAS BIN FADZIL HALIMAHTON BINTI YUSUP LIEW KEN MEE, NICOLE TRISH

THE INSTITUTION OF ENGINEERS, MALAYSIA

Kelayakan

BE (UMP)(CIVIL, 2011) BE HONS (UTP) (CIVIL, 2014) BE HONS (UNIMAS)(CIVIL, 2017)

JURUTERA

41


KEAHLIAN 35656 99548 66218 65772 65786 69794

33492 87250 37197 98153 44464 89775 72563

LIM SUEGIN, KELLY

BE HONS (UNITEN) (CIVIL, 2009) PhD (HKUST) (CIVIL, 2012) MOHAMAD KHALED BIN BE HONS (UiTM) (CIVIL, 2019) NORDIN MOHAMED FAIZ YAGOB BE HONS (IUKL)(CIVIL, 2016) ADAM MOHAMMAD AIMAN BIN BE HONS (UiTM)(CIVIL, 2014) ROSLI MOHD REDZUAN B. BE HONS (UiTM)(CIVIL, 2016) MOHD ZABIDI MUHAMMAD FAQIH BIN BE HONS (UNIMAS) (CIVIL, MOHD JAAFAR 2017) ME (UTM) (CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT, 2020) NADIA NATASHA JULAI BE HONS (UiTM) (CIVIL, 2010) ME (UNIMAS) (CIVIL, 2016) NG WEI HAN BE HONS (MONASH UNI.) (CIVIL, 2019) NORKHAIRIL BIN BE HONS (UTHM)(CIVIL, NORJAM 2010) NURUL ATIKAH BINTI BE HONS (UiTM)(CIVIL, 2018) ZAINAL ABIDIN WAN MOHD FADZIL BIN BE HONS (UiTM) (CIVIL, 2011) WAN SAPIANSORI MSc (UiTM) (CIVIL CONSTRUCTION, 2013) WONG YIEN FU, BRYAN BE HONS (CURTIN UNI.) (CIVIL & CONSTRUCTION, 2019) ZUL HAIMI BIN KAMAL BE HONS (CIVIL, 2015)

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIKAL

107529 AHMAD FARRIS BIN AHMAD MUSTAFFA MUSTAAL 86858 ASHWIN A/L KALIYANNAN

31349

42319 55937 88604 79978 97211 84730 61391 81408 42109 32538

LIYANA BINTI ROSLAN

BE HONS (UiTM) (MECHANICAL, 2011) ME (UTM) (MECHANICAL, 2013) MOHD NASIER BIN BE HONS (UMS) NOORJALIH LEE (MECHANICAL, 2013) MOHD. KHAIRULADHAM BE HONS (UTHM) (MECHANICAL, 2017) BIN TOYEDBEN @ MOHD HAZIR MOK CHEE HOE, BE HONS (MONASH UNI.) MICHAEL (MECHANICAL, 2020) MUHAMMAD FARHAN BE HONS (UNITEN) BIN SUKOR (MECHANICAL, 2018) PANG JING SEN BE HONS (TARC) (MECHANICAL, 2019) PRASANTH RAO A/L BE HONS (UM) CHANTHRAN (MECHANICAL, 2016) SHAFIQ B. MOHAMED BE HONS (UiTM) (MECHANICAL, 2016) SYAMIL BIN ROSLI BE HONS (UTM) (MECHANICAL AERONAUTICS, 2020) TEH YEE SHYUNG BE HONS (UNI. OF MALAYA) (MECHANICAL, 2012) WAN FAIZUL ASYRAF BE HONS (UiTM) BIN WAN ISMAIL (MECHANICAL, 2009)

PERMOHONAN MENJADI AHLI SISWAZAH No. Nama Kelayakan Ahli KEJURUTERAAN AEROANGKASA

BSc (KONKUK UNI.) (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS, 2020) BE HONS (KDU UNI. COLL.)(ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS, 2017) 59346 CHAN GUAN LEONG BE HONS (UTM) (ELECTRICAL, 2017) 96985 KOAY CHEN RONG, BE HOND (TAR COLL.) KEVIN (ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS, 2020) 103628 KUGADARSHNI A/P BE HONS (UNITEN) BALASUBRAMANIAM (ELECTRICAL POWER, 2019) 40211 LAI YEW CHIONG, ANDY BE HONS (UTM) (ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS, 2013) MSC (NATIONAL UNI OF SINGAPORE) (ELECTRICAL, 2019) 83185 LIM JIAN XIU BE HONS (UTHM) (ELECTRICAL, 2018) 40824 MOHD RIDZUAN BIN BE (UMP) (ELECTRICALRAMLI POWER SYSTEM, 2010) 58193 MUHAMMAD SAMAWI BE HONS (UTeM) B. MALEK (ELECTRICAL-INDUSTRIAL POWER, 2016) 63159 NURUL NATASHA BINTI BE HONS (UTeM) NGADIMAN (ELECTRICAL-INDUSTRIAL POWER, 2017) 63169 RAZALI BIN ABDUL AZIZ BE HONS (UTeM) (ELECTRICAL-INDUSTRIAL POWER, 2017) 68371 SHAH RIDZWAN BIN BE HONS (UTHM) SAHROM (ELECTRICAL, 2017) 22883 SHAHRIZAN BIN AHMAD BE HONS (UiTM) SHAH (ELECTRICAL, 2005) ME (UTHM) (ELECTRICAL, 2015) 48624 SHAMSUL FAHMI BIN BE HONS (UTHM) MOHD NOR (ELECTRICAL, 2013)

112853 Dr AIZAM SHAHRONI BIN MOHD ARSHAD

KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRONIK

113128

101463 MUHAMMAD AMAR BIN KAMARI

KEJURUTERAAN KIMIA

89229

ANG ZI YING

45910

FAIZNUR BINTI MOHD FUAD HO SOO SHIEN

52590 45899 80266

MEOR MUHAMMAD HAFIZ BIN SHAH BUDDIN YEN WEI CHUNG

BE HONS (USIM) (ELECTRONIC, 2019)

BE HONS (UTAR)(CHEMICAL, 2020) BE HONS (USM)(CHEMICAL, 2013) BE HONS (UTAR)(CHEMICAL, 2013) BE HONS (USM) (CHEMICAL, 2013) BE HONS (UTAR)(CHEMICAL, 2017)

KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL

75826 42282 22791

94581 45484

42

AHMAD ZAIM BIN SAHLI BE HONS (UiTM) MULYONO (MECHANICAL, 2018) AMAR BIN ABDUL RANI BE HONS (UMS) (MECHANICAL, 2010) DR. MOHD NAZRI BIN BE HONS (UiTM) OMAR (MECHANICAL, 2005) MSC (TECHNISCHE UNI. BERLIN) (GLOBAL PRODUCTION, 2009) PhD (TECHNISCHE UNI. BERLIN) (2015) HARVIN RAJ A/L BE HONS (MIU) RAVINDRA RAJ (MECHANICAL, 2019) LEE CHEE DAR, BE HONS (USM) FREDDIE (MECHANICAL, 2013)

JURUTERA

BE HONS (USM) (AEROSPACE, 2005) Msc (USM) (AEROSPACE, 2011) PhD (TOKUSHIMA UNI.) (MECHANICS SYSTEM, 2019)

KEJURUTERAAN ALAM SEKITAR

112694 NAZHAN AKID BIN NASRUDDIN 112842 NURUL ZUFARHANA BINTI ZULKURNAI 112866 Dr AFIFI BIN AKHIAR

KEJURUTERAAN AWAM

112729 CHIN JIUN HUNG

113103 MUHAMMAD ADIB BIN MAHMUD 113096 YONG CHIAN CHAI 112698 112812 112823 112784 112876 112714

112815 112821 113148 112849 112871 112684 112861 112832 112817 112855 112785 112719 112837

112818 113106

BE HONS (UM) (ENVIRONMENTAL, 2019) BE HONS (UniMAP) (ENVIRONMENTAL, 2015) BE HONS (UniMAP) (ENVIRONMENTAL, 2012) MSc (USM) (ENVIRONMENTAL, 2013) PhD (UNI. OF MONTPELLIER) (2017)

BE (THE UNI. OF ADELAIDE) (CIVIL & STRUCTURAL, 2018) BE (UMP) (CIVIL, 2012)

BE HONS (CURTIN UNI) (CIVIL & CONSTRUCTION, 2017) JIRON MONGKONIAB BE HONS (CURTIN UNI.) PAUL DISIMOND (CIVIL & CONSTRUCTION, 2020) LIM CHEN ZHEAN, JEFF BE HONS (IUKL) (CIVIL, 2019) LIM CUIN YANG BE HONS (MONASH UNI.) (CIVIL, 2020) YAP YOON KWANG BE HONS (NOTTINGHAM UNI.) (CIVIL, 1999) LEE JEE WEN BE HONS (NTU)(CIVIL, 2013) TANG SING YII BE HONS (SWINBURNE UNI. OF TECH.)(CIVIL, 2014) ME (SWINBURNE UNI. OF TECH.)(CIVIL, 2014) AHMAD KHAIRUL AZRI BE HONS (UiTM) (CIVIL, 2006) BIN YAHYA YUSZAIRI BIN YUSOFF BE HONS (UiTM) (CIVIL, 2009) ROZIE SUHAILA SHAM BE HONS (UiTM) (CIVIL, 2012) BINTI AHMAD MAZLAN NUR AMALINA RAMLI BE HONS (UiTM) (CIVIL, 2012) MSC (UiTM) (CIVIL ENVIRONMENTAL, 2014) AZALEA ZULAIKHA BE HONS (UiTM)(CIVIL, 2009) BINTI HJ ZULKIFLI MOHD ZAISMAFENDI BE HONS (UiTM)(CIVIL, 2012) BIN ISMAIL MUHAMMAD FAIZ BIN BE HONS (UiTM)(CIVIL, 2013) MAZLEE NUR AMALINA BE HONS (UiTM)(CIVIL, 2019) BINTI MUHAMMAD FADHLULLAH NG MOHD SHAH JAMIR BIN BE HONS (UKM) (CIVIL & MOHD SABRI STRUCTURAL, 2009) NUR AMIRAH BINTI BE HONS (UKM) (CIVIL & ABDUL GHANI STRUCTURAL, 2018) MOHAMAD ZAKIY BIN BE HONS (UM) (CIVIL, 2017) SIUTI PHAM FUI FUNG, JANET BE HONS (UMP)(CIVIL, 2014) ROSLIAH BINTI RASTIM BE HONS (UMS)(CIVIL, 2007) WONG PAK KAI, BE HONS (UNI. OF LEEDS) GILBERT (CIVIL & STRUCTURAL, 2008) ME HONS (UNIMAS) (CIVIL, 2012) CHEW QIU JING BE HONS (UNI. OF QUEENSLAND) (CIVIL, 2018) AMIRUL ARIF BIN BE HONS (UniMAP) (CIVIL, OTHMAN 2016)

THE INSTITUTION OF ENGINEERS, MALAYSIA

DECEMBER 2021

112827 NG SWEE FONG

BE HONS (UniMAP) (CIVIL, 2016) BE HONS (UniMAP) (CIVIL, 2016) 113101 LEE SU KIN, JESSICA BE HONS (UNIMAS) (CIVIL, 2012) 112831 SYAFIQAH 'AQILAH BE HONS (UNIMAS) (CIVIL, BINTI AHMAD SELIHIN 2013) 112834 MUHAMMAD NAQUIB BE HONS (UNIMAS) (CIVIL, BIN BIDIN 2014) 112826 Dr STRIPRABU A/L BE HONS (UNIMAS) STRIMARI (CIVIL, 2012) PhD (UNIMAS) (2018) 112851 SATILLA A/P BE HONS (UNIMAS)(CIVIL, VAITILINGAM 2017) 112726 AHMAD ZAHRY BE HONS (UNISEL)(CIVIL, ISWANDI BIN YUNOS 2011) 112841 TAN EE LENG BE HONS (UNITEN) (CIVIL, 2012) 112814 AHMAD SYAMIL SYAHIIR BE HONS (UNITEN) (CIVIL, BIN SULAIMAN 2017) 113136 MUNIRAH BINTI MOHD BE HONS (UPM) (CIVIL, 2011) RAMLY MSC (UPM) (STRUCTURAL, 2016) 112700 FAIZ BIN MOHD RASID BE HONS (UPM)(CIVIL, 2016) 113099 LEE CHEE MEI BE HONS (USM) (CIVIL, 2015) MSC (USM) (CIVIL-WATER & WASTE WATER, 2017) 113132 MOREEN DARYL BE HONS (USM) (CIVIL, 2018) JUSTINE 112697 WONG BOZHENG BE HONS (USM)(CIVIL, 2014) 113110 CHIA POOI SIAN BE HONS (UTAR) (CIVIL, 2013) 112699 YEOH JUN JIE BE HONS (UTAR)(CIVIL, 2016) 112816 HAFIZUDDIN BIN BE HONS (UTM) (CIVIL, 2018) NORIHAN 112706 FADHLI SHAH BIN BE HONS (UTM)(CIVIL, 2005) HAMDAN 112704 MOHD FAIZAL BIN BE HONS (UTM)(CIVIL, 2006) MOHD NORDIN 112691 AISHAWAHIDA BINTI BE HONS (UTM)(CIVIL, 2007) JULAIHI 112707 NOR SHAHRIZAL BIN BE HONS (UTM)(CIVIL, 2010) KATABE 112783 MOHD SYAUFIK HELMI BE HONS (UTM)(CIVIL, 2017) BIN YUSOFF 112819 SITI HAIDA BINTI YUSOP BE HONS (UTP) (CIVIL, 2009) 47331 HALIMAHTON BINTI BE HONS (UTP) (CIVIL, 2014) YUSUP 113111 MOHAMMAD HAZIQ BIN BE HONS (UTP) (CIVIL, 2019) MUHAMAD DUN 112686 KANG KONG MENG BSc (NATIONAL ILAN UNIVERSITY)(CIVIL, 2018) 113140 TEONG KIM HAO BSC (NEW YORK AT BUFFALO UNI) (CIVIL, 2020) 112828 NG YU WEI

Note: Continuation would be published in January 2022. For the list of approved “ADMISSION TO THE GRADE OF STUDENT”, please refer to IEM web portal at http://www. myiem.org.my.

Pengumuman yang ke-157 SENARAI PENDERMA KEPADA WISMA DANA BANGUNAN IEM Institusi mengucapkan terima kasih kepada semua yang telah memberikan sumbangan kepada tabung Bangunan Wisma IEM. Ahliahli IEM dan pembaca yang ingin memberikan sumbangan boleh berbuat demikian dengan memuat turun borang di laman web IEM http:// www.iem.org.my atau menghubungi secretariat di +603-7968 4001 / 5518 untuk maklumat lanjut. Senarai penyumbang untuk bulan Oktober 2021 adalah seperti jadual di bawah: NO.

NO. AHLI

NAMA

1

39230

MR. AZWANIZAM BIN CHE ABD RAHMAN

2

21581

MR. LAW YAN CHEE

3

14251

Ir. KHAIRUL ANNUAR BIN SULAIMAN

4

36347

MR. HIEW FONG POH

5

16785

DATO' Ir. JAMLUS BIN AZIZ

6

38741

MR. UNANG ANAK BUNDAN

7

30536

MR. MOHD DALIAS BIN AWI

8

14432

MR. ZULKIFLY BIN YUSOF

9

105219

MR. CHEW CHOON AIK

10

12670

MR. LIM MAN FOO

11

31523

Ir. MOHD RADZI BIN MUSTAFFA


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