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September / October 2010

Starting Vigorous and Healthy Cuttings Strawberries

T ES CON

T:

AN W I N EM 2! S Y ST . ECO details on page 32

Beyond Compare

S ee

Trimpro:

The History of Trimmers Essential Oil

Extraction S.E.E. Water Wise Landscape

Makes Big Splash Volume 6 – Issue 2

Red Amaryllis (detail) and Hydroponic Lettuce

www.theindoorgardener.ca

ISSN: 1715-0949 – Bimonthly PP41129557


TABLE OF CONTENTS | THE INDOOR GARDENER

28

36

GROWING EXPERIMENTS

12

By Jim Fritz

By Jim Fritz

24 40

Strawberries beyond Compare in Home-made Systems Home-made Grow Bags on Lawn Start Vigorous and Healthy Cuttings!

By J.-F. Savard

20 23 30 36

Trimpro, the History of Trimmers

By Steven Drummond

Turkey Bags for All Your Needs… and More!

TIPS & TRICKS

28

By Lucy (from XXXtractor)

By Kerrie R. Barney

46

By Bruno Bredoux

EcoSystem: Always a Model for You!

By Réjean Roy

By Farm Fresh Living

Container Gardening Design Gone Crazy!

WIN AN ECOSYSTEM 2 (see all you need to do on page 32)!

Getting the Best out of Essential Oil Extraction Bags The Tool of the Trade

ENVIRONMENT & EDUCATION

8 10

TECHNOLOGY

50

The Romance and Sex Life of the Date

By Bruno Bredoux

S.E.E. Water Wise Landscape Makes Big Splash

By Nick Federoff

By Stephanie Annis

50

It’s Fall? Let’s Take the Garden Indoors

And our usual features:

Editorial 6 Cooking 14 Hydro World 64-65 Industry News 6, 16, 17, 19, 22 and 52 to 62

WEBSITE : WWW.THEINDOORGARDENER.CA Published by: Green Publications • Directors of publication: Roxanne Lekakis roxanne@tigmag.com and Stan Daimon stan@tigmag.com Managing editor: Bruno Bredoux editor@tigmag.com • Director of sales and marketing: Stan Daimon stan@tigmag.com • Sales representative: : Maxime Villeneuve sales@tigmag.com Contributing editor: Stan Daimon, Bruno Bredoux, Roxanne Lekakis, André Faucher, Maxime Villeneuve • Art Director: André Faucher emanescencedesign.com Editorial coordinator: Bruno Bredoux • Collaborators in this issue: Stephanie Annis, Kerrie R. Barney, Bruno Bredoux, George Chan, Stéphane Corbeil, Stan Daimon, Steven Drummond, Farm Fresh Living, Nick Federoff, Jim Fritz, Stephen Keen, Pete Kovachevich, Roxanne Labelle, Sylvie Laberge, Patrick Laberge, Loup-Claude Leblanc, Émile Lestrange, Aabby Lin, Lucy (XXXtractor), Chantal Marin, Réjean Roy, J.-F. Savard, Soupsong.com. • Rewriting/Copy editing/Proof reading: J.-M. Dessureault • Cover design: André Faucher, after photos by Jessy Caron (Red Amaryllis (detail) and Hydroponic Lettuce) • Illustrations: see our photos credits on page 44 • Distribution: See the list of our distributors on our website http://theindoorgardener.ca/Distributors.html Administration: R. LaBelle roxanne@tigmag.com • Information: submit@tigmag.com. • N.B.: Should you need to refer to our conversion table, you’ll find it on our website. The Indoor Gardener Magazine, P.O. Box 52046, Laval, Quebec, H7P 5S1, CANADA Phone: 450-628-5325, Fax: 450-628-7758, website : www.theindoorgardener.ca. © 2010, Green Publications Vertes, Laval, Qc, Canada • Printed in Canada by Legris Service Litho Inc., Ville d’Anjou (Quebec) Canada H1J 1M6.

Articles, iconographic representations and photographs contained in this magazine cannot be reproduced, in whole or in part, without the written consent of the Publisher. The magazine (The Indoor Gardener) and publisher (Green Publications) are not responsible for mistakes or erroneous information provided by their authors. The publisher further declines any and all liability related to any problem stemming from the unsuccessful application of any advice provided by an author in an article. Publications Mail - Agreement number PP41129557. Canada Post: Return undeliverable items to Green Publications, PO Box 52046, Laval, Quebec H7P 5S1. U.S. Delivery and Subscriptions: Periodicals Postage Rates are paid in Laval, Qc, Canada, H7P 5S1 – Post Canada Agreement PP41129557. U.S. Post Master: Return undeliverable items to Green Publications, PO Box 52046, Laval, Quebec, H7P 5S1, Canada. Canada Post Publications Mail Agreement number: PP41129557. Legal deposit: Second Quarter 2005. National Library of Canada. Bibliothèque nationale du Québec. ISSN: 1715-0949.

4 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


EDITORIAL | THE INDOOR GARDENER

Editorial

The Pros and Cons of Year Round Strawberries To be successful on the market, a product needs to be desired and appreciated. The problem most commonly associated with off-season strawberries is simply their lack of taste.

Even if for a long time it has had (and still has) many detractors (see the quotations below), the culture of hydroponic strawberries is in full expansion, and each day brings about new technologies to allow it to happen indoors. From Plasma Pockets (see our last issue, pages 22 to 24) to the innovative vertical growing systems (see our gallery, pages 30-32), the means are innumerable and the results meet expectations with ever-increasing quality. We can now savour succulent strawberries all year long... Or is it really the case? Here are a few thoughts to start the debate from what people in the industry have to say! Michel Évrard, from the French political party Génération Écologie, is absolutely AGAINST producing strawberries year round because he thinks it is against what Mother Nature wants: “Since the dawn of ages, man has been used to eating strawberries at the end of Spring and waits for them with great anticipation. Now, we have them at all

time. There is no more desire, no more pleasure. An old proverb says ‘Everything is good in season.’ Strawberries cultivated naturally require 20 times less energy to reach the merchant’s stand. Consuming them off season means wasting precious energy and eating mediocre-tasting berries covered with fungicide residue in the middle of winter,” he wrote in Génération Écologie #74. (Michel Évrard is an active member of the Haute-Savoie branch of GénérationÉcologie and the former regional president of the party.) Not far away, but on the other side of the Swiss border, in the online bulletin from www.under.ch, a Website about alternative cultural events in Switzerland, Cédric Jaburek, a lawyer, wrote an article entitled “Towards the disappearance of mankind?” He is also AGAINST yearround strawberries cultivation… According to him, strawberries harvested in winter could potentially lead us to… the end of the world, transforming humans

Industry News

Fernand Corbeil Honoured with the 2010 Dunamis Award

Fernand Corbeil Horticultural Products, from Laval, Québec (Canada), has been honoured last April with the 2010 Dunamis Award in the Distributor-Wholesaler category. The award was presented by the Laval Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Company president Stéphane Corbeil thanked everyone who directly or indirectly contributed to his company’s success. “I am proud to be able to count on an extraordinary team of devoted individuals who genuinely take our company’s growth to heart. I’d also like to take this occasion to thank our partners, manufacturers and of course our clients without whom our business couldn’t have become what it is today. We are confident pursuing the path we have chosen, and to do so I am counting on all of these people to once again help us rise to the challenge.” Worthy of note, the 2010 award is the second Dunamis prize for the company, after its 2008 win in the Entrepreneurial or Family Challenge category. The company was founded in the 1960s by Fernand Corbeil, and specializes in the sale and distribution of horticultural equipment and supplies. After over 40 years in business, it now carries over 12,000 products and serves a client list of over 2,000 companies. Source: www.corbeilph.com

6 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


THE INDOOR GARDENER | EDITORIAL

into no less than urban zombies: “Are we progressing towards the disappearance of mankind? […] Let us first look at the vital needs. Food is certainly one of the most significant examples, and a few lines will suffice for this demonstration. Urbanization and the industrialization of agriculture have reduced a majority of Westerners into urban zombies that don’t even know if strawberries grow in winter or not. They are the kind of neon-lit larvae that almost don’t realize that seasons do exist and that days are indeed longer in June.” “To bring those tasteless strawberries from southern Spain to Parisian plates in February, infrastructures, cement, petroleum, chemistry and nuclear energy are needed. And the warm Iberian Peninsula is not the only one guilty of “seasonless” agriculture. Our beautiful country of Switzerland produces soilless greenhouse hydroponic strawberries year round. If you thought dirt was still needed for cultivation, you were wrong!” Ouch! Maybe, those Europeans are a bit too old fashioned. Or their climate is too gentle compared to ours.

Thankfully, and also in Europe, one can find strong supporters for strawberry winter cultivation via hydroponic techniques. A gardener from Southern Alsace, in Eastern France, uses the pseudonym Lionstone and is a prominent member of a local discussion forum named www.oleocene.org. Writing about the end of the oil age, he completely disagrees with the anti-winter strawberries and FAVORS their cultivation with home-made techniques.

strawberries cultivated year round are not a profitable business. On his Website www. kandsgreenhouse.com, he wrote: “We are sorry to announce that we are closing down the strawberry operation because it has been unprofitable over the last four years. I will keep the pictures on our website for educational purposes. We were the first commercial hydroponic strawberry grower in the State of Ohio using a «stand and pick» system.”

“You just need a pipe to build an urban pellet stove. This pipe just has to clear the window and should be fitted to disperse the smoke in order to preserve your relations with your neighbours. If you have a balcony or a terrace, build a small greenhouse, have the pipe emerge into it, and it will provide CO2 and heating. Make a plastic or polystyrene bed as a base. Plant strawberries and feed them only with the salts resulting from the pellet combustion, dissolved in water. In theory, you should end up with a wonderful production of hydroponic strawberries all winter long.” A new way to free us a little more from our oil dependency!

However carefully it is produced, a winter strawberry still does not taste as good as the dark red, juicy fruit nature liberally grants us at the end of Spring and the beginning of Summer. And it is very possible no amount of technology will ever be able to bridge the gap between “season” and “seasonless” produce.

Finally, a scream from the heart, by a man from here in North America, who owned K & S Greenhouse and Berry Farm, in Green, Ohio. He was originally IN FAVOR, but found out, bitterly, that

Whoever visits the site and admires the gorgeous pictures of ripe strawberries will salivate and feel a bit sorry for the end of the experiment. But to be successful on the market, a product needs to be desired and appreciated. The problem most commonly associated with off-season strawberries is simply their lack of taste. That is the lesson we should learn from the failure of the Ohio experiment.

On that subject, tell us your opinion and let’s start the debate at: submit@tigmag. com. And don’t forget that you can still win an EcoSystem thanks to our partnership with Jardin du Futur. See page 32 for more details and how to enter the contest. Bruno Bredoux editor@tigmag.com Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 7


Introduction | THE INDOOR GARDENER

The Romance and Sex Life of the Date

A film/multimedia/slideshow attraction by E. Floyd Shields (1951/1983) and a film by Adam Duplay (2007)

8 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Introduction

The history of cinema began in fairs and disreputable dives where this new attraction was shown well before it became a genuine artform. From this carnival period, cinema has kept a little something that sometimes shows through in the most recognized films. The attraction tradition, be it for advertising or for pure entertainment, has never left cinema. For instance, the film Captain EO by Francis F. Coppola (with Michael Jackson) is more a 3D attraction for a Disney park than a film. And we can still find improbable jewels that have survived through trends and the passing of time. In this context, if you search for the film that’s been shown for the longest time, and is still shown today, you’ll no doubt realize it’s Romance and Sex Life of the Date, playing since 1951 in the installations of agricultural company Shields Date Garden on Highway 111 in Indio, California. I’ll grant you that the original version created in 1951 by businessman and date farmer E. Floyd Shields looked more like a slideshow with a soundtrack reproduced on Super-8 film than like an actual movie. Yet the same original project was first remade in 1983 and again in 2007 by director Adam Duplay. The new version was even shown at the 2007 Palm Springs Movie Festival in a compilation of shorts linked to Southern California’s attractions and curiosities preserved on film (Attractions & Distractions, 95 min, 2007).

Technically, the “film” is as home-made as possible, made, we can assume, at the back of a tin hangar among date harvests, crates and dried palms. It also has the flavour of a natural-science class from our childhood, where we’d have had the right to talk about fecundation and pronounce the word “sex”! Mr. Shields is quite explicit: Among our date friends, there are male and female plants, resulting in romance, sex, descendents (fruits in this instance)… It’s a genuine saga. It’s... cinema! And it defies any criticism. You enter the room and it’s like stepping into an old yellowed book from the 1950s found in the attic. That’s the “movie’s” charm. And it’s also what I like about Southern California, its perennial attractions, its sublimation of the 1950s with its postcard decors, shiny cars and architecture. I saw this movie in 2007 at Shields company in Indio, in the Coachella Valley. I still remember Mr. Shields’ voice, sharing his passion for date cultivation while I watched faded images. It was by observing the fecundation of date palms that humans discovered there could be female and male plants within a variety. As early as 5 centuries BC, the Greeks of Antiquity practiced artificial fertilization of date palms. Pliny the Old (23-79) later wrote poetry about it. There are over 200 varieties of date palms, but they only produce fruit after the pollen of a male date palm is gently shaken above a female plant’s flower. And a date palm only produces fruit once it’s 12 years or older. To harvest the fruits, people climb up the stem armed with a machete and cut off the date cluster. Mr. Shields also recounts several anecdotes in his “film”, including how he brought back some ratherrare date palms all the way to the Coachella Valley. I won’t tell you everything about sweet and creamy dates, or dry and little-sweet dates, or even about the candy that can be made with these delicate fruits. Get the DVD of The Romance and Sex Life of the Date for yourself at http://shieldsdates.com. Or see the attraction on site! Shields Date Garden, inc., 80-225 Highway 111, Indio, CA 92201, USA. Telephone: 1-760-347-7768, email: shieldate@aol.com. – B.B. Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 9


Environment & Education | THE INDOOR GARDENER

S.E.E. Water Wise Landscape Makes Big Splash

Preparing the containers for planting.

By Nick Federoff

SeeUsOnline.org’s Things Green Learning Center came alive in an international way with a special visit from thirteen Italian and one German exchange students on July 14, 2010. The 17 and 18 year old globe trekkers came to America to strengthen their learning skills by learning environmental techniques as offered by syndicated radio talk show host, Nick Federoff.

“In short, we had a blast! The students were extremely tentative and polite,” states Federoff. He continues: “The future of our environment depends on the education of our youth. I’m honored I was part of a program that offers that kind of experience they will never forget.” The group, led by Laura Cooley, Area Representative for the Center for Cultural Interchange, was greeted by Federoff at the front door of the Things Green Learning Center in Whittier, CA. A tour of the gift shop, mini-museum and the learning center ensued leading them to the lecture area. A lively discussion of water conservation and natural pest control dominated the GreenShop Seminar. Down the block from the Things Green Learning Center are the radio studios of AdviceRadio.com which provided the perfect place to show the students one of the first “green” studios in America boasting floors made from recycled tires. Wood used in studio is over 40 years old, all paint is soy based, etc. A special treat for this international group was the witnessing of a real-live radio show called The 3 Guys Rant. The hosts engaged them in conversation and they

10 | Volume 6 – Issue 2

received recycling tips from Alanas Crusade a middle school self-taught environmentalist guest. The next leg of the trip was back to the Things Green Learning Center with hands-on instruction planting California Poppy’s in recycled containers. With instructions in hand they will give the plants to their respective American family hosts as a gift. At the end of the day Mr. Federoff was awarded a Green Heart hand written thank you card followed by group pictures. About S.E.E., the Center for Cultural Interchange, and Nick Federoff:

• Sustainable Environmental Education (S.E.E.) is a nonprofit 501 (c) 3 organization. For more information: SeeUsOnline.org. • The Center for Cultural Interchange is a nonprofit 501 (c) 3 organization. To become a host family for exchange students visit: CCI-Exchange.org. • Nick Federoff is host of America’s most listened to radio gardening show. For more information visit ThingsGreen.com. For more information, contact Nick Federoff at 1 562 945-6469.


Write for us! | THE INDOOR GARDENER

Winner of a Column for a Year (June/July Contest)

Strawberries…

Forever! I

f you grow them with C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S.© , a whole new system of gardening with Zip-Lock bags I have developed (see my other article on page 24 for further details), strawberries become the fruit for all seasons. They are like memories for me! Here are a few recollections of my days of strawberry cultivation, those days when I was working at the flower shop in Tucson, Arizona.

My Tucson Garden on the Patio I had set up my garden on a brick and concrete patio. There I grew strawberries in Zip-Lock bags filled with soil and linked together by irrigation tubing, the whole thing hooked to a computer for electronic water timing. It all looked very impressive on the patio. One day, tragedy struck in the most trivial of ways. Someone had tied my dog McGregor on a chain next to the patio. Soon, the dog wound his chain around every bag and irrigation tube and in two minutes, he destroyed the whole garden! The poor beast has simply tried to find a bit of cool in the water puddles left by the grow bags. But I was very angry at him for destroying my astute set up. Above all, I realized that it would be another week or so before I could afford to replace the garden bags and start all over again! Lesson one: C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. gardens must be fenced off to prevent any animal intrusion. Before setting it up, you must build a chicken pen around your garden to protect from pets, be they rabbits, dogs or… alligators! At that time, I had been working at a flower shop on south Broadway, Tucson, and befriended my co-worker Suzanne. Soon, I was sharing my art and my writings with her and she would share her interest in gardening. She quickly understood when I told her about the dog and my latest gardening entanglement! She took interest in my project and helped film and record the garden process. With handy snack always ready for him, she also developed a great friendship with my dog McGregor.

12 | Volume 6 – Issue 2

Par Jim Fritz

That next week Suzanne talked me into restarting the garden devastated by my dog and we redid the whole thing from scratch. We replanted everything all over again: strawberries would once again grace my little backyard patio thanks to her persistent encouragement that I finish the project! Suzanne was over bright and early to help me plant and reconnect my amazing little computerized garden. At long last and two weeks late from my intended start date, it was once again ready to grow plants by computer and moisture sensor combination.

Computer Water-Timer Pitfalls My friend Ed came from Colorado and was playing music for most week-ends in some bars or places around Tucson. That left some week-ends where both he and I were absent from the house. That also meant that I had to trust the water timer computer to water at the daily rate that it had been programmed to do. It worked fine until something happened. Every day, I would rush home from my work at the flower shop to check on my gardens progress and to baby-set the system. When I returned one day, I realized someone had turned off the water to do some plumbing. That day was typical of Tucson with temperature hitting 100 degrees F. After that, I hooked the system into the back of my toilet where only I knew the location of the computer program box.

Cultivation Methods and Tips Strawberries are indeed a wonderful subject. To fertilize them, I developed a mixture of one third peat, one third sand, and one third good top soil mixed with old rotted compost. For extended feeding, I mix in a good portion of Osmocote Time Release fertilizer for roses which will insure healthy growth and extended harvest.


Write for us! | THE INDOOR GARDENER My garden was surrounded on three sides by a magnificent adobe wall and it really was not difficult to fix a fence on one side to keep animals away from the C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. grow bags planted with plants. This solved the problem and should have been my first step. Since it reflects sunshine, that old adobe wall seemed to be the logical location for lines of strawberries in the fall. As the season got cooler, the line of bags was shuffled forward to keep them in full sun. Grass clippings were mulched over the plastic bags to keep them cool. I found that placing the bags on top of a little gravel improved the drainage from the bottom side of the bags. The flat surface of the concrete sealed the bottom side of the bags shut. Adobe walls are wonderful to collect winter heat and so my tomatoes and peppers were planted next to it. The white plastered wall also reflected the winter light to help on cloudy days. Tomatoes, peppers, squash, they all love high light levels. The performance of different varieties of strawberries can vary across the country. I currently use Sequoia, a good dessert variety. Summer temperatures make it difficult to keep plants going at 112 degrees F. In such conditions, C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. bags are extremely practical since they make it possible to move the plants to a cooled or semi-shaded area. Mesquite trees cast a dappled shade. And the water from the bags keeps trees green during hot months. Day length is very important in the production of strawberries. To flower and produce fruits, they need 12 hours or less of daylight. It is important to note that lights should not be strung through C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. bags of strawberries during fruiting stages.

Your will find that your first berries will be the largest because they are produced by the crown bud. As the season warms, the production will drop. However, later in the season, you may be rewarded with a fall crop from many ever-bearing types.

But Beware, other Pitfalls do Exist! One more pitfall can be slugs and snails hiding under the bags. One of the advantages of the system is that this can be corrected easily. You just need to lift the bags to remove them. Check often to control by hand picking! One of my greatest joys was belonging to the Tucson Hydroponics Club. By joining the club, I was able to meet and trade information with many experts such as Professor Roenbaugh, from the University of Arizona. She was working on projects for growing tomatoes in space. She had been growing them in balloons (condoms) by piping hydroponics solution into and around the roots and removing it with a siphon tube under constant circulation. She was able to produce eight pounds per plant. These condomgrown tomatoes receive constant aeration of their hydroponic fluid and the roots fill the condoms to expand to just the right size to fit growth. In space, roots grow in every direction but the condoms keep the roots contained. Meanwhile the strawberries were growing well as all the other crops I had planted in my little backyard. On my first day at the Club, I quickly introduced myself and my new system of gardening called C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. bags. That same day, I found out that the yearly hydroponics show was soon to be held in Tucson. I was quick to volunteer to exhibit my system and jumped at the opportunity to do so in Campbell Park. As the show was fast approaching, I had already signed up to give a demonstration of my new portable gardening system. C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. differs from Hydroponics as the plants are grown in a soil medium. Also with C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. the plants are portable. Hydroponics plants are extremely difficult to move anywhere! I grew more excited as the big day approached! And my garden was still doing well. But I was to find that there were a few more bugs ready to hit…

Cooking

By soupsong.com

To serve 4, you will need:

• 4 tablespoons peanut oil;

• 1 3-lb. chicken, cut into pieces; • 1 onion, chopped;

• 2 cloves garlic, chopped;

• 2 tablespoons curry powder;

14 | Volume 6 – Issue 2

Tanzanian Curried Chicken-Banana Soup

• 1 tablespoon dried red chile pepper, ground to a powder; • 2 teaspoons black pepper; • 8 cups chicken stock;

• 1 large tomato, peeled and chopped; • 1 cup unsweetened grated coconut;

• 2 ripe bananas, sliced into chunky quarter pieces.


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Write for us!

Notes & News

A Simple Green Solution: Plant Pots from Cow Pies By Jim Della Croce

CowPots™ (www.cowpots.com) were an invention of necessity. Brothers Matt and Ben Freund, second-generation dairy farmers in the northwest hills of Connecticut, wanted to find a use for the vast quantities of manure that covered their fields.

A Success at the Hydroponic Show Only two more weeks before the big show and my plants were looking great! Then, catastrophe again. The batteries in my computer timer were going weak and I replaced them with a cheap brand, trying to save a penny! Then I went camping for the weekend. Very dry plants were waiting for me when I returned home. And I had only two weeks to bring them back to their best before the show. I replaced the batteries with heavy duty, long life Every Handy cells which, I later found out, lasted over three months and never gave me problems. And I quickly went to work to revitalize the crop. When I pulled up to my exhibit space at the show, my old hippie one-ton van was quite a sight. As I hopped out, opened the back doors and installed 100 feet of plastic ¼ inch tubing to a family size garden, people started to gather around the booth. By the time I had filled my garden with tomatoes and squash plants in full bloom along with corn plants one foot tall, I had a whole crowd around me. I was kept busy for the rest of the afternoon explaining how portable gardening could allow us to garden anywhere, even on a lawn! And the potential benefits to change the earth seasons! Cropping out of season, what a treat!

In a Dutch oven, brown the chicken pieces in the oil. Remove chicken, reserving, and add the onion and garlic to the pot. Sauté until soft, then stir in the powdered chile pepper, the curry, and the black pepper and fry for 2 more minutes. Add the tomato, stock, chicken pieces, and coconut, bring to a boil, then reduce heat and simmer for 30 minutes. When the chicken is done, remove, let cool, then strip away the meat and cut it into bite-sized chunks, discarding the skin and bones. Add it back into the pot with the banana chunks. Simmer 10 minutes. When ready to serve, ladle into bowls. (Source: soupsong.com)

The Freunds have been leaders in developing technologies to help farmers produce milk in an environmentally sound manner. Since 1997, Freund’s Farm is one of only a handful of farms across the United States to have continuously run a methane digester. Cow manure is heated by the methane gas collected from the digester, and liquid from the digested manure is applied to crops in a timely fashion to optimize the crop’s nutrient uptake. The Freunds then use the excess material and the energy created by the process in the production of CowPots. “We wanted the cows to provide everything from the feed stock to the energy for the production of CowPots,” declares Matt Freund. “Our goal is to be totally sustainable.” CowPots, along with the Freunds, have been featured on the Discovery Channel’s Dirty Jobs and on Larry King Live. CowPots are designed to be planted in the ground and are 100% biodegradable. The production process eliminates weed seeds as well as pathogens and offensive odours. Tender, young roots easily penetrate the sides and bottoms of the pots, allowing them to get air and grow unrestricted. The manure attracts earthworms and is good for the garden overall. And unlike peat, which is mined from bog ecosystems, or plastic, which is derived from finite fossil sources, cow manure is a renewable resource. CowPots are made in the U.S., and beside the currently available 3” or 4” CowPots in 12 packs, now gardeners can grab the 3” CowPots in 6-cell flats with three flats per package. CowPots are also available loose in bulk: 5 inch square and round pots, and 6 cell flats now join the already popular 3 and 4 inch square pots. CowPots are distributed by The Liquid Fence® Company of Brodheadsville, PA. “CowPots benefit significantly from The Liquid Fence Company’s extensive sales and marketing capabilities,” said M. Freund. “They’ve got a great reputation for producing effective, environmentally-friendly products.” CowPots manure fibre-based growing pots are available at home and garden retailers across the country and online at www.liquidfence.com. Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 15


Industry News | THE INDOOR GARDENER

Excel Air Presents

Stealth Series: Do It Yourself Air Conditioning! refrigerant for your system. Just thread the fittings together and startup your system! The fittings are re-sealable, allowing you to relocate your system at anytime without losing any refrigerant or require any mechanic to come back on site.

The Stealth Series Air Cooled Air Conditioning R410A unit is Excel’s newest product. It’s all in the name; the Stealth Series is based on a Triple Split Design which allows for the compressor to be removed from the Outdoor Condensing Unit and placed in its own sound deadened box that can be placed indoors, completely eliminating compressor noise from the outdoors! R410A refrigerant is used on the system which is more environmentally friendlier, also improving overall system efficiency. The unit also comes with Plug and Play fittings making installations quick and simple. Available in sizes ranging from 2.0 TON (24,000 BTU) to 5.0 TON (60,000 BTU). Also as an add-on you can install a 5-25kW Electric heater into the air handler to maintain nighttime temperatures from dropping too low.

Package Comes Complete with:

Plug and Play Plug and Play refrigeration fittings make air cooled units simple to install by yourself; without the need of a certified mechanic. Each refrigeration line is pre-charged with the correct amount of

• Outdoor condensing unit; • Indoor air handler; • Sound deadened compressor box; • 40ft pre-charged refrigerant piping; • Digital thermostat with pre-wired 15ft control wire; • 40ft 18/2 control wire; • PVC drain trap; • Step by step manual and wiring diagrams; • Industries best service and support! For more information on Excel Air Systems products visit www.excelair.ca.

CubeCap® Announces: CubeCap® Canada is Proud to Introduce their New Long Awaited 4” (10cm) DripCap® The new DripCap® has a list of attributes and features that come with it, some of the most notable include an innovative hose holder and dripper technology. The DripCap has incorporated into it, a permanently attached hose holding and dripping device which snugly accommodates a host of propagation hose sizes ranging from 4 mm to 7.6 mm, outside diameter. The DripCap features:

• Allows for an even distribution of water and nutrients to saturate the block and root zone, this technique increases root mass and plant yields. • Minimizes and/or eliminates algae, fungus gnats, shore flies and their root eating, crop damaging, larva.

• Eliminates the labour, expense and need for the pesticides, larvicides, bactericides, and fungicides that would have been required to combat these problems.

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• Eliminates lower leaf rot by acting as a spacer disallowing direct contact between the lower leaves of the plant and the moist growing medium.

• Acts like a vapour barrier slowing the evaporation rate of moisture so you water your plants less saving on water and nutrients. Due for release in September 2010 are two new additional DripCaps: • 6” (15cm) – Square DripCap;

• 10” (25cm) – Round DripCap. CubeCap Canada is working on host of other DripCaps in various shapes and sizes in order to cover the most popularly used containers and grow mediums, including soil based. For inquires, more information and pictures on the DripCap and CubeCap go to: www.cubecap.ca or write to info@cubecap.ca.


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Industry News

Sunlight Supply, Inc., Presents: Flame Defender™ Fire Extinguishers

• Multi-purpose dry chemical extinguisher. • Rated for A, B & C.

• Suitable for electrical fires.

• Discharges a hemispherical spray pattern in area under sprinkler.

• Available in three sizes to fit a variety of applications.

Galaxy™ Select-A-Watt™ Electronic Ballast

There are many electrical devices in today’s indoor growing environments. Power strips, CO2 generators, heat mats, lights, light movers, reservoir heaters, fans, pumps, etc., can malfunction and cause a fire.

• The Turbo Charge feature will increase the output of a 1000 watt lamp (only) by approximately 10%.

The Galaxy brand name carries a strong reputation of reliability and performance.

• Self contained – No plumbing or wiring required.

This state-of-the-art ballast is manufactured to provide today’s serious grower with maximum flexibility & performance. The Galaxy™ Select-aWatt™ is different than any other “dimmable” electronic ballast on the market.

• Simply install by attaching vertically to the wall or ceiling.

• Automatic—extinguishing agent is automatically dispensed if the temperature probe on the unit reaches 68.33° C (155° F).

Flairform Presents: good) formulations provide an equivalent concentration to corrosive formulations.

pH Up and pH Down have traditionally been the most dangerous chemicals in the hydroponic industry. Flairform’s non-corrosive (non-dangerous

• It will properly drive a 400, 600 or 1000 watt lamp to ANSI specifications. For example: Set the switch to 400 watts, insert a 400 watt lamp into your socket and the ballast will operate the 400 watt lamp. The ballast will similarly operate 600 or 1000 watt lamps.

• The second option for this ballast is dimming a 1000 watt lamp. Adjust the switch to 400 or 600 watts and the ballast will dim the 1000 watt lamp by 40 or 60%.

Protect yourself, your growing environment and your home. Install a Flame Defender™ today!

Non Dangerous and Non-corrosive pH Up and pH Down

There are three ways to use the Select-aWatt feature:

• Non-dangerous good: noncorrosive and therefore safer to use; • Equivalent working strength to “corrosive” formulations;

• Overdosing will not drive pH to extremes: great for novice growers; • No special freight, handling or storage needs;

• “Finally, a non-corrosive pH Up and Down with the working strength of traditional formulations!” (– A retailer)

• Available in 250mL, 1L, 5L & 20L. Visit: www.flairform.com.

Yield Master Reflectors 8” and 10”

The new Yield Master reflector is airtight! With a heavy-duty gasket and temperature glass that is held firmly in place by retention bars, the Yield Master is completely sealed. This reflector is manufactured with a highly reflective European aluminum interior for excellent output and uniformity. Durable, white powder-coated finish provides maximum air-cooling with built-in socket and 15 foot lamp cord. In addition the EZ-Breeze™ aerodynamicjunction box improves airflow and cooling of this airtight reflector making Yield Master an excellent choice for the serious grower. Order it now for your store! Order these items now for your store by visiting www.nationalgardenwholesale.com! Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 17


Tips & Tricks | THE INDOOR GARDENER

Would you like to share your own cultivation tips? Send them to submit@tigmag.com, and we may publish them in an upcoming issue! Here are the latest tips we received:

Secondhand Growing Systems

Marigolds (Tagetes patula) are short stem plants with heavy inflorescences that can easily be started in a secondhand hydroponic rotating garden found in the classified ads or at the flea market. Launched in 2003 and presented at the Hydroponic and Indoor Gardening show in eastern Toronto, the gravity injection garden was undeniably the star of that year. The demonstrator showed us that the Gravity Injection Growing System’s cubes did not drip at all, yet remained sufficiently moist to feed the plant with everything it needs to grow in optimal conditions.

Since the water containing the nutritive elements only circulates once through the system, the risk of root infections is dramatically reduced. Assembly is quite simple. Anyone who can use common tools, such as keys, pliers and screwdrivers, can manage it. The system was designed so that the vast majority of gardeners who are a little handy can follow the assembly instructions and set up their system in two hours. In any case, assembly is the weak point of all those “kit” delivered systems, and those who fear or get frustrated with the idea of assembly should simply not begin such an adventure, or they will swear for days on end, achieving no result but damning the manufacturer who is in no way responsible for their lack of manual dexterity! It is fairly simple to program and use the system. It can be useful, however, to adjust the system when assembling it, to ensure it works at peak efficiency. The sensors that control the moment when the micro-nozzles operate and shut off work wonderfully well. The construction of the system has led to practically no pathogens and no infections. The possibility of changing the size of the axial rings allows one to bring the plants closer to the lamps, quite an advantage. This option saves energy and allows

the plant to get more light over their entire surface. The watering system allows for substantial savings of nutritive solution. The lack of a reservoir facilitates maintenance and eliminates any risk of algae development. The rockwool cubes are not moistened enough to drip outside the system, but they are sufficiently wet to fulfil the plants’ needs. On top of being much cleaner and economical, this system offers the possibility of starting with the cheapest system and then, following the gardener’s needs, to add components to enlarge the system and to place more plants into it. The machine injects precisely the correct quantity of liquid nutrients into each rockwool cube. This saves a great quantity of nutrients. It also eliminates the need to get rid of large quantities of nutritive solution each week (which in turn means more savings). No more dripping soggy cubes that drown your plants. Since the indoor garden’s humidity rate is lower, there are fewer insect predators (fruit flies, fungus gnats, thrips, etc.). Each slab supporting rockwool cubes is a distinct garden—this prevents the propagation of disease. The support slabs are made of stainless steel, solid and stable. As I said at the beginning of this chronicle, marigolds are very easy to grow in this system. You use the same basic structure, but you add supplementary support slabs and accessories. With the programmable timer, you will no longer delay your plants’ growth by drowning them in nutritive solution because you cannot be in the garden at all times. It is surprising to see how quickly new models appear in the hydroponic industry. This rotating garden, which was in its time a revolution onto itself, is now found on used equipment websites such as eBay, and even on the classified ads website of a popular Canadian TV network... Even though some may say it is obsolete, this systems still has its advantages and a good used system can keep you going for a few years still. Throughout all my cultivation cycle with my used system, I used Canna products—actually, their entire product line is perfect for a complete growing cycle. So don’t hesitate and check out the classifieds and the used equipment market! Have a great harvest! - Loup-Claude Leblanc, Lachine, Qc

If you’ve found these cultivation tips useful, share your own with our readers by sending them to submit@tigmag.com. They just might get published!

18 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Industry News

Industry

Ferti-Pro from Fertilec: a Complete Range of Fertilizers for Environmentally Friendly Consumers Fertilec specializes in organic fertilization and produced more than 20 agricultural seeds for the biodiversity of the different types of crops under the trade name Ferti-Pro.

Our 3 locations : 765 Petaluma Ave Sebastopol, CA 1-707-829-7252

3715 Santa Rosa Ave. Santa Rosa, CA 1-707-585-8633

4936 Highway 12 Santa Rosa, CA 1-707-538-8402

www.pgsgrow.com

Several Ferti-Pro fertilizers contain real organic matters, are phosphorus-free, prevent blue-green algae and lake contamination while still being safe for the environment. All certified organic fertilizers are accredited OMRI (Organic Material Review Institute) and contain high quality and diversified minerals and organic elements such as bone meal, feather meal, seaweed, blood meal, potassium sulphate and humic acid and this, in each of its homogenous granules. For more information, visit www.ferti-pro.com.

About Fertilec:

Leader in environmental products for more than 25 years, Fertilec is a family business recognized for its products’ quality and efficiency as well as for its numerous innovations, such as the production of phosphorus-free fertilizers and the sale of organic fertilizers and inputs. The enterprise offers more than 5 000 varieties of agricultural and garden seeds. Thanks to its expertise and its many researches, Fertilec is the reference in Canada today when it comes to seeds. Now, more than 250 companies in North America trust us (www.fertilec.com). Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 19


Company Profile | THE INDOOR GARDENER

Trimpro The History of Trimmers By Steven Drummond

Patents were secured in Canada and the United States with pending status in Europe and Australia. Andre Mercier, Pierre’s brother, joined the company to continue to expand its scope of sales. He was living in Barcelona at the time so travelled throughout the country as well as other parts of Europe and quickly picked up on the specific requirements of the region.

Trimpro has become the industry standard for leaf trimmers worldwide. Indeed, when one thinks of trimmers the name that immediately comes to mind is Trimpro. But how did this all happen? The company was founded by Pierre Mercier whose experience as a machinist at a company which made turbine engines inspired him to create the first Trimpro Original. He had been asked by a friend to try to develop a machine which would separate the leaves from plants with minimal damage to the delicate flowers. After a couple of unsuccessful experiments he came up with the idea of creating a vacuum effect, like a turbine, under a grate so the leaves would be gently pulled

through the slots where a spinning blade just below the surface of the grate would cut the leaves off leaving the flower on the surface. Prototypes were made and introduced to a distributor based in Eastern Canada by the name of Biofloral. The owner, François Deguire, immediately realized the potential of the product and agreed to take on the task of marketing and distributing Trimpro products. The acceptance and demand from consumers was greater than anticipated forcing Pierre to move production from his garage to a machine shop with offices and storage. The company is based just outside Montreal, Canada and remains in the same location.

20 | Volume 6 – Issue 2

To respond to the demands from European growers, a plant trimmer based on the same principal as the Trimpro, but smaller, was introduced to the market. It was called the Trimbox. Soon after, enhancements were made to each machine to meet the particular demands of


THE INDOOR GARDENER | COMPANY PROFILE

some customers. The Workstations for both the Trimpro and Trimbox were introduced resulting in four machines being available to meet most trimming styles, but the continuous effort to improve did not stop. The boys realized there was a requirement for a more productive and safer piece of equipment so they started the development of the second generation of trimmers. The focus was to design a machine which required less manipulation by the operator. A circular hermetic structure was added on top of the grate creating a whirlwind effect. Adding a stronger motor and a second set of the famous Trimpro blades created enough wind for the plants to move on the surface of the grate while the leaves were pulled through the slots and trimmed, the same concept as the original Trimpro. In 2006 this novel machine called the Automatik was introduced with great market acceptance. It wasn’t long before requests to produce a higher volume Automatik machine were being received from growers. This led to

the development and production of the largest Trimpro presently on the market, the XL. Again, a more powerful motor and extra set of blades were required as well as a redesign of the grate. The results were spectacular with immediate acceptance in the North American and Australian markets, Europe not being far behind.

Innovation is at the cornerstone of Trimpros success. In 2009 the Gasoline model was added to the line. Made for growers who prefer to work outdoors, the machine deploys a 1.3 hp Honda gas motor with the Automatik technology. In their continuing efforts to meet the requests of their customers, they will be

Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 21


Company Profile | THE INDOOR GARDENER By constantly improving upon the original model through innovation, they succeeded in building an excellent reputation, one which is the envy of their competitors. This is backed up by their excellent after sales service and warranty. Trimpro has grown from a concept to an established company employing more than 20 people in their shop and offices. Proudly made in Canada, the Trimpro line of trimmers are simply the best on the market.

Industry News

BioFloral Presents: introducing another new machine this year, the Trimpro Rotor. The design deviates from the traditional Trimpro but encompasses the same pride and engineering. The plants are gently rotated over the grate by leather fingers and trimmed by the razor sharp Trimpro blade system. This machine compliments the Automatik by using a different technique to move the flowers on top of the grate. The success of the Trimpro product line is based on the fact that they are simple, efficient and durable machines. When introduced they responded to a real market need as apart from scissors there were really no other products available to growers.

Bud+ from nutri+ Bud+ is a bloom stimulator for mid-bloom phase and is ideal for all fertilizer programs. It has a unique blend of phosphorus, magnesium and amino acids assuring visible results, and contains several sources of phosphates. Rich and concentrated, Bud+ increases the floral density, improves the taste and increases the overall weight of the plant.

Ice Box The Ice Box is a safe and effective way to water-cool the air leaving your reflectors without adding a/c or more fans. It uses a water to air heat exchanger to water cool the hot air your reflectors produce. Water-cooling is much more effective and efficient than air-cooling.

Hydro Gen CO2 Generator The HydroGEN is the world’s first and only water cooled CO2 generator. Water cooling is capable of removing 86% of the heat produced by traditional CO2 generators. The HydroGEN has loads of other options and features not available in any other CO2 generator on the market. Contact us to find authorized dealers near you: 1-877-384-9376 or info@biofloral.com.

22 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Novelties

True Liberty Bags:

Turkey Bags for All Your Needs! By Bruno Bredoux

Organic farmers want to be sure that their products remain fresh until they reach consumers. Whether they are professional, amateurs or Sunday gardeners, they all want to store their crops in a way that will protect the essence of their hard work in the garden, healthy and fresh vegetables, fruits and herbs that retain the flavour and nutritious qualities of fresh-picked produce. True Liberty Bags do exactly that and more since this 100% nylon, FDA approved bag, can be used for cooking, freezing or simply wrapping a sandwich. They are stronger and thicker than the leading brand on the market and significantly reduce your environmental footprint.

In addition, the company contributes to “1% For The Planet”, a widely recognized eco-friendly program. True Liberty Bags make cooking easy. They can be boiled in water on the stove or used in conventional or microwave ovens and slow cookers. They let you enjoy more tasty and tender food without the chores of cleaning. They can withstand temperatures of up to 450oF and can go directly from freezer to stove, saving time and money. They also reduce odours in your freezer or refrigerator. With a size 18’’x 20’’, they offer high capacity storage and are sold in packs of 10, 25 or 100 units. To learn more, visit www.trulibertybags.com.

Finally, an Organic Herbicide! Pharm Solutions Inc. has announced USDA National Organic Program Certification for their newest bioherbicide product: Pharm Solutions Organic Weed Killer, the only herbicide to carry the USDA Organic Seal. This fast acting, non-selective, burn down organic weed and grass killer contains organic oils and organic surfactants. Results can be seen in a matter of hours after application.

“We have worked tirelessly to bring this Certified Organic Herbicide to market and are very excited to have it qualify for the USDA Organic Seal”, said Founder and President Susan E. Lewis. “Just in time for the upcoming backyard vegetable gardens we so enjoy; this product pairs beautifully with our Certified Organic Veggie Pharm, insecticide, miticide, fungicide. It is important to note many manufacturers use terms like Bio, Eco, All Natural and Organic freely. This practice can be confusing to the buying public. Consumers need only insist on USDA Organic Certification to insure organic product integrity.” Pharm Solutions products can be found at Independent Lawn and Garden Retailers, Whole Foods, Health Food Stores and internet websites including Amazon.com and www.pharmsolutions.com.

About Pharm Solutions: Developed by a family of Organic Growers, the Pharm Solutions line of patent pending certified organic pesticides has been available since 2006. Pharm Solutions Organic Weed Killer and six other certified organic pesticides are USDA Certified Organic by Oregon Tilth, the oldest USDA accrediting body certifying organic farms, processors, marketers and handlers nationally and worldwide. Certified Organic growers and growers wishing to transition to organic farming can contact Oregon Tilth with any questions at 1-503-378-0690. For distribution information on these revolutionary products please contact Pharm Solutions Inc. at 1-805-927-7500. Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 23


Growing Experiment | THE INDOOR GARDENER

Gardening with my Invention: C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S.© Nobody can guarantee the success of a garden. Even if you have years of experience, things can go wrong and if, as I do, you use only organic products, you expect that some years will be better than others. However, you can increase your chances of success with C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. bags, a simple way of gardening I have invented. This is an electro-mechanical system that can make your task easier and baby sit your garden while you are away. It has its pitfalls, but if you take them into consideration before you launch your project, your rate of success will certainly increase.

C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. on Lawns Raising a flower or vegetable garden in a lawn is a snap if you follow a few simple rules. Lawns should be aerated prior to raising the garden to allow the roots and water to penetrate deeply into the ground. Spike the soil with a pitch fork at least 6 inches deep every few inches. This will make it easier for plants to grow to full size and increase productivity. In the dormant season, I have raised gardens with different types of grass such as Kentucky Blue, Winter Rye, and Bermuda.

Making C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S.© Grow Bags on Lawns By Jim Fritz

In the active growing season, Bermuda grass is a little tougher as it sends out runners that grow through the plastic bags. It is important to note that in most climates where Bermuda grass can grow, gardening is possible in the winter months. In such an environment, Bermuda planted with Winter Rye makes a wonderful growing bed. I have been amazed to discover how well flowers and vegetables can do in a healthy lawn with no digging or weeding. I believe this success is due to the fact that the grass roots is keeping the filth of the soil by constantly adding organic material when the old grass roots die and new ones take their place. I have tested this system in Phoenix and Tucson, Arizona, Galveston, Texas, Honolulu, Hawaii, Grand Junction, Colorado and Mexico. Always with equal success! As you mow the lawn, the grass clippings may be used to mulch the plastic grow bags and shield them from the sun, thus keeping the soil temperatures cool and the plants roots healthy. The grass mulch also covers the plastic and makes the row more

24 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Growing Experiment

attractive. Remember it takes more water to grow vegetable plants than lawn. It will therefore be important to water deeply as the plants’ roots grow and reach into the soil below the bag. As you learn to garden with C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S., you will find that the extra fertilizer and moisture from the bags will make the grass grow taller next to it. If this does not happen, it is a sure sign that you are not watering deeply enough

List of Parts for C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. Gardening System • Rainmatic 2500 electronic water timer (or model 3000);

• 200 foot poly cooler tubing ¼ inch; • 100 One gallon Zip-Lock freezer bags;

• 1 Raindrip watering and filtering kit model 67 (or equivalent); • 1 package Raindrip compensating Flow Controls 10-30-60-90 (IMPORTANT); • Raindrip moisture sensor;

• 5-6 packages of ¼ inch straight connectors for poly tubing; • ¼ inch T-connectors for ¼ inch poly tubing; • 1 package of corkboard push pin (pin-tacks); • Soil and peat moss.

Making C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. Grow Bags from Zip-Lock Bags One-gallon bags prove to be fine for lawn culture and they move forward with a flick of the wrist. For most crops, only one plant to a bag is an all important rule. Leaf

Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 25


Growing Experiment | THE INDOOR GARDENER

lettuce may be planted four to a bag with good results. If the plants in bags have deep topsoil to reach into, it is amazing how productive the harvest can be on leaf type crops. The bag itself acts as its own weed collar, as the roots grow out the bottom of the bag and into the soil. There are two methods for making the grow bags from Zip-Lock type freezer bags. I have had success with both. However, if you have the time, method 2 is the safest and best approach indoors.

a) Method 1

Simply fill up the Zip-Lock bags with slightly damp soil. It is important to only use enough water to keep the soil sand mix from filtering out the holes in the bottom of the bag. Shut the bags and lay them in a row in the hot sun. The bags will puff up as they heat in the sunshine. You are now ready to open 24 to 30 half-inch holes. To do so, use a rod-type soldering gun (pencil type). Sand and peat moss are usually sterile, but I have discovered an interesting and completely natural to sterilize the soil in the bags. You can do that by letting the seed sprout in the unopened bags. Then, flip them over, smothering the weeds that have just sprouted. One more flip of the bag and you will discover that the sun has sterilized your soil and you can proceed to open the holes with the soldering gun unit. Lay the filled grow bags on the lawn in a tight straight row formation. Then let the bags sit for two weeks to shade and suffocate the grass and weeds below them. Make sure that the bags are filled as full as possible but can still be zip-locked. For some applications or when an additional protection against soil spill is necessary, it

26 | Volume 6 – Issue 2

is possible to seal the Zip-Lock bags with the use of a hot glue gun. You may now plug in a rod-type soldering gun. You need a tool at least one inch in diameter (either a photovoltaic range tool or an inverter and a solar photovoltaic’s cell or 120 line voltage—hot glue guns are also a low wattage tool that may be used with photovoltaic). Now you may use the soldering gun to burn holes through the plastic until it forms a large hole. Repeat this process until you have obtained a grid of at least 25 holes for the top of a one gallon bag. Note that if your soil is too moist, it will cool the tip of the soldering gun making this chore difficult. To avoid this, mix your soil with only a little moisture before you fill the plastic grow bags. Now that you have burned a grid of 25 holes in the top of the row of bags and the grass is already dead under them, flip the bags over putting the bottom side down on the bare soil. Now repeat the process and burn 25 holes per bag on the top side. The roots can then grow through and the top of the bag can also be watered by sprinkler irrigation or the drip line running through the bags. These vents on the top of the sealed bag also let the heat escape and allow the roots to breathe. Now you are ready to insert the drip tubing on the topside of the bag by running it through the center of the bag underneath the plastic. The drip is opened with the pin-tack and the bag is ready to be planted.

b) Method 2: The Safest and Preferred Method for Indoors (for garden, greenhouse, interior or patio garden applications)

By placing a one inch thick picture frame into the one gallon Zip-Lock type bags, I found that it held the layers of plastic

apart. I could then run the soldering gun thru two layers of plastic at the same time. The absence of soil in the bags also made the operation simpler since I could keep the tip of the smoldering gun hot. Now fold three paper towels in half and insert them at the bottom of the bag. Fold over the paper towels on the outsides of the bag to protect your Zip-Locks from getting contaminated with dirt when you fill them. After you fill the bags with the mixture of peat moss and sand, you may tuck the paper towel into the bag. Zip it and run a bead of hot glue along the edge to seal its tabs. You now have a one gallon pot of soil that won’t fall apart in the home or the garden. The paper towel seals the soil in and easily lets roots grow through while letting water enter from the sprinkler systems and heat escape from the bag. A row of one gallon bags is suitable for any leaf crop such as lettuce, mustard, collards, leaf lettuce, Pak Choi (or Bok Choy), Spinach, and Swiss Chard (Northern Lights).

Stack Bag Patio Culture For larger plants, two gallon Zip-Lock bags may be stacked one on top of one another by cutting one square foot of plastic and then placing the top bag and plant on top of the paper towel. Roots will grow through the paper very easily. This technique works well for large plants like tomato, cantaloupe, eggplant or squash. I have tried to produce corn with this technique but found that it is best handled in deep soil because of its root structure and the low productivity of the plant.


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The Indoor Gardener Magazine is entering its 6th year in business with its 33rd issue. From Volume 1 Issue 0 to… Volume 6, Issue 2, get a collection of the best indoor gardening references out there! Order past issues with our coupon on our Website (theindoorgardener.ca/Subscribe.html)!

JOIN US AND OUR READERS! free issue of the “I ran across a er Magazine Indoor Garden t a while ago that my wife go ally impressed and I was actu .” e articles in it.. with some of th

— “C.B.”, Garden Web forum, CA (Janua ry 2007)

eb forum, ”, Garden W — “Drumin ) CA (June 20 06

“Many thanks for your insightful publication!”

I’m “Every two months, y copy! waiting eagerly for m The Indoor Gardener autiful, Magazine is always be always interesting.”

“The Indoor G ardener Magaz ine got me hooked!”

“The Indoor Gardener Magazine is filled with very good info, everything is there!“

— Jonathan D. Ca rdinal e, LED Grow-Master Global LLC, Bend, OR (May 200 7)

-ord inator, — Head Office Co l, BioF loral, Lava QC (March 2010)

roponicfor a hyd lity for so g n i t i a w a “I ’ve been agazine of this qu ndoor m g he I gardenin oked on reading t vered just disco ho e ’v ’m I I ! w g o n lo en Magazin Gardener lication.” your pub 09) r ua r y 2 0 b N Y (Fe id fan”, — ”Av

— “Fing_ 57 ”, Garde CA (March 20 n Web forum, 06)

is “The Indoor Gardener Magazine truly, incredibly good! Congratulations, to all!” to your teams! A big ‘thumbs-up’ gnon, Fra — Ma rc St-Martin, Circ Avi (Januar y 2009)

nce

“In this month’s Indo or Gardener Magaz ine, there’s an article on ecological fungicides that caught my eye as it is rare that I take a free magazine home. Upo n reading it I felt compelled to referenc e this article. It shou ld be useful to anyone with mould or fungal prob lems not willing to disgra ce their crops with sy nthetic chemicals. I found it particularly useful fo r my outdoor plants, as th is part of BC gets m isty in the fall and rains co nsistently.”

— ”BC Nov ice Gardener”, Garde ns’ Cure forum, BC (Ju ly 20 08)

COME AND GROW WITH US!

For any information, comment or request, contact: submit@tigmag.com. For sales and advertising, contact: sales@tigmag.com or 1 514 661-5325. If you want to send us pictures and articles, please contact us at: submit@tigmag.com with “submission” in the subject line and we will get in touch with you. P.O. Box 52046, Laval, QC, H7P 5S1, Canada. Tel: 1 450 628-5325, fax: 1 450 628-7758, www.theindoorgardener.ca


EcoSystem:

Always a Model for You (18, 20 or 24 Vertical Slabs)! Par R. Roy

30 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Technology

EcoSystem is a patented vertical garden and is the ultimate circular growing system on the market today. It delivers 48 pi2 of growing space in only 16 pi2 on the ground. Capitalizing on every photon of light, EcoSystem delivers 360° of equal, intense light. The combination of dense vertical growing and ideal light provides higher yields per watt and better overall quality. With a record units sold since 2003, the word is out. Imagine what you can do with an EcoSystem:

• Improve growing space and save time; • Get higher yields per watt, with virtually no light lost; • Improve your circular growing area with 360° of perfect luminosity; • Grow higher quality plants; • Experience high air exchange rate; • Control higher stability in CO2 supply; • Benefit from geotropic workout for plants; • Buy units simple that can be setup in less than 1 hour; • Get a simple to use technology; • Benefit from better quality plants, higher yields, in less time!

Rockwool slabs are hung vertically inside the EcoSystem unit. Nutrient solution is periodically pumped from an internal reservoir into drippers positioned at the top of each slab. Gravity then pulls the nutrient solution through the length of the slab; any run off simply drips back into the internal reservoir below. EcoSystem is designed to be clean, space and energy efficient, high yielding and perfect for any hobby gardener.

The EcoSystem is ideal for gardeners who are concerned about energy conservation or have limited space for a garden. The space advantages are obvious but the conservation of electricity is equally impressive. The EcoSystem uses 2 bulbs: we recommend 2 lamps at 600W but 750W or 1000W work very well too. Because of the small size of the EcoSystem, each plant receives the benefit of both bulbs. The bulbs’ proximity to the plants also means that very little of the bulbs’ power is being lost. The risk of burning the plants with too much light is next to nothing. One reason for this is that no reflectors are used. This reduces hot spots and gives perfect light distribution.

All About the EcoSystem™ 2!

Once your customers try vertical, they’ll find it hard to grow any other way! Now available, the EcoSystem™ 2 is the long-awaited successor to the world’s most popular vertical growing system. We are very excited about this new product and we are not modest about admitting it. Our revolutionary EcoSystem 2 features striking improvements.

What’s New? EcoSystem 2 means:

• It fits 24 rockwool slabs instead of 20 slabs in original EcoSystem. Growers tend to go for 4 to 6 plants per slab. Compression fitting ensure leak-proof operation;

• A separate reservoir (grower can use any size!) which is easier to clean and use;

• Multiple EcoSystems 2 can be fed from the same reservoir;

• An improved dripper system;

• A turn-key air cooling system;

• Not a rockwool fan? No problem! The EcoSystem 2 can accommodate pots too (using any growth media)! • A more accessible growing area. Easier to maintain. Unit opens completely or partially to allow easy plant maintenance;

• A vastly increased airflow through the grow space thanks to 40 cm (16”) gap between the bottom of the unit and the floor; • No Velcro® required to hold slabs in place; • Simplified preparation. Hose attachment to pump for easy pre-soaking of rockwool slabs in the machine itself.

The EcoSystem 2 is distributed all over North America by a large network of retailers and in Europe as well (United Kingdom, France, Ireland, Netherlands, Switzerland, etc.). Check the list of retailers at: www.jardindufutur.com/ site2/detailants.html. Visit www.jardindufutur.com (info@jardindufutur.com) or call (toll free) 1-866-527-3469 to know more about the EcoSystem 2. – C. Marin Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 31


Technology | THE INDOOR GARDENER The other reason is the incredible air exchange rates that will not allow heat to build up in the EcoSystem. The intense light and massive air exchange rates create an environment that produces fruits and flowers of the highest quality, and yields per watt/time that will exceed even the best horizontal gardening system. Of course there are some things that should be taken into account when growing in such a small environment: • Plants Variety: Grow plants that naturally stay short.

• Heat: Plants stretch in hot environments, so always try to keep the garden around 26.7°C (80°F).

• Growing Cycles: if you are growing plants that have specific vegetative and flowering cycles be careful not to over vegetate; grow to five to six inches under vegetative light conditions and then change to flowering. It would be best. • Nutrient Solution: Use a nutrient specially designed for re-circulating systems that helps hold the pH steady and contributes to keeping the EcoSystem clean.

There are 3 EcoSystem models to choose from: 1) EcoSystem standard: 20 vertical slabs;

2) EcoSystem 2 – Eco2-18: 18 vertical slabs; 3) EcoSystem 2 – Eco 2-24: 24 vertical slabs. You can find out more specifications about those 3 models in our two previous issues of the magazine or on the company Website: www.ecosystemonline.com.

Hot from all the above features, EcoSystem is the greatest vertical garden in the world and a best-selling item in the hydroponic industry. And it’s a winner when harvest time comes!

CONTEST

WIN AN ECOSYSTEM 2 (Eco2-18) With

and

(1) Visit the new website of The Indoor Gardener Magazine

(www.theindoorgardener.ca) and send your complete contact information (along with a quick way to reach you) using the Contest page of the site. Make sure to indicate that you want to participate in our contest by specifying in the subject «EcoSystem 2—Contest 2010».

(2) Or visit the new website of EcoSystem/Jardin du Futur at:

www.jardindufutur.com and send your complete contact information (along with a quick way to reach you) using the Contest page of the site specifying in the subject «EcoSystem 2—Contest 2010».

To participate [you can submit your participation until October 31, 2010], all you need to do is either:

Or register a ballot at EcoSystem authorized dealers only. The (3) list of authorized dealers is available on our partner’s Website: Jardin du Futur (www.jardindufutur.com).

(4) Or, if you don’t have an Internet connection, fill out and mail our coupon (p. 44).

You can submit your participation until October 31, 2010. The draw date will be announced on the Website www.jardindufutur.com and will take place in November 2010.

Excerpt from terms and conditions: To be eligible, a participant must submit valid contact information. Registration can be made online or at the Jardin du Futur authorized dealers’ retail shops (see the list on the company Website). No purchase necessary. One prize per person. Multiple entries online or on application forms are allowed. The prize cannot be exchanged for cash. Jardin du Futur will select one winner at random. The winner will have to agree that his identity be published in The Indoor Gardener Magazine and in any subsequent communication made by Jardin du Futur and the contest’s organizers. If the winner has not been reached within 15 days after the draw, another draw will take place. Entries and application forms will not be accepted later than October 31, 2010.

32 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


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Trends:

Container Gardening Design Gone Crazy!

“Container gardening has become one of the hottest trends in recent years in gardening. Container gardening is the ideal way to release your inner gardening creativity and experiment with new plants, container shapes, materials and color combinations that you would never dream of doing in an established garden bed. You can even wear a “growing ring” by Icelandic green-jewelry designer Hafsteinn Juliusson. Container gardens are no longer restricted to petunias in a pot; new trends in container gardening pair perennials with herbs, annuals and even container sized vegetables to create stunning, unique mini gardens.” (www.farmfreshliving.com)

36 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Gallery

Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 37


Gallery | THE INDOOR GARDENER

38 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Write for us!

Second Contribution from our April/May Writing Contest Winner

The Geek Gardener:

How to Use Blood Meal Fertilizer in your Kitchen Garden By Émile Lestrange Outdoors growers are well aware of plant loss or damage from rabbits, deer and other hungry vegetarians. I have used blood meal fertilizer with great success in repelling these hungry creatures. Your outdoor plants are the most vulnerable when they are young in the late Spring or very early Summer. Once a rabbit finds your kitchen garden, he will be back night after night until your herbs and vegetables are devastated. Blood meal fertilizer is sold in most gardening centres and hydroponic stores as an organic nitrogen source to be used as a fertilizer. Years ago my neighbour was an avid outdoor gardener. He was retired and spent most days working in his garden. He was always eager to give advice or pass some of his wisdom onto me. I was young and hungry for gardening knowledge, so I listened up and frequently asked questions. The one tip that I have always used in my outdoor gardens with great success is the use of blood meal.

Materials needed:

• Premium Blood Meal (with Probiotic and Beneficial Soil Microbes); • a small hoe; • gardening gloves.

Step 1:

In late Spring, as soon as I get my plants into the ground, I apply the blood meal. I pour some into my hand and sprinkle it all around the plants. This creates a barrier to keep the pesky varmints at bay.

Step 2:

I even sprinkle some on the leaves, just enough to keep the deer away, but not enough to attract the meat eaters.

Step 3:

The important thing here is to not mix the blood meal into the soil. Why? Blood meal is made with cow’s blood boiled to about 600 degrees F. for sterilization, then dried to a powder. Herbivores such as rabbits and deer do not like blood. They tend not to eat anything with blood on or near it. I have heard many a grower claim that the blood meal will attract carnivorous animals that will tear the plants out of the ground. This may be so if you use it as a fertilizer or bury it under the plants. If a carnivore does find your plants, he may rip out your plantation to get at the blood meal. Follow steps 1 and 2 thoroughly.

Step 4:

I check my garden regularly but I always plan 2 or 3 weeks later to lay down another application. This method has worked wonders for me. I haven’t lost a single plant to hungry animals since I started using blood meal. Before that I often had trouble in the first 2 or 3 weeks before the plants got tall and strong enough.

Step 5:

Watch out for weeds. Keep in mind it is much better to have a few really good herbs and vegetables than a lot of weak plants. Weeding is easier in a small, well kept garden with fewer plants. And consequently, blood meal is also easier to apply around your plants

Step 6:

If you don’t use gardening gloves, make sure you wash your hands thoroughly after you handle the blood meal. You know the kind of diseases cows carry.

To Conclude

So get out there in your kitchen garden, give Mother Nature a hand with blood meal, and plant and harvest some of your favourite rewarding fruits and vegetables. You can even have a pet rabbit out there, as long as you keep him away from your crops! Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 39


Successful Cuttings – 6

Starting Vigorous and Healthy Cuttings By J.-F. Savard

Every indoor gardener will agree that it’s always easier to get a healthy and abundant harvest when starting with vigorous cuttings having a well-developed root system. Unfortunately, too many gardeners adopt a passive attitude regarding the rooting of cuttings and believe that they only need to wait a few weeks and watch them grow once they have been moved to the rooting substrate, before transplanting them and beginning a fertilization program. In fact, it is important to begin your fertilization program very early and to tell the plant what you expect rather than wait and see what she’s willing to give you!

Required Material Let us take for granted that you’ve already chosen a source for your cuttings and that this original plant is ready to give a good quantity of clones. You’ll need to set up in a well-lit and very clean space. Make sure the work space is not contaminated by pet hair or nearby plants, which could contain parasites or diseases that could attack your plants. I always wear surgical gloves when preparing cuttings and I advise you to do the same. This way, you’ll ensure that no contaminant will be transferred from you to the plant. If you don’t have any, wash your hands carefully with antibacterial soap and all should be well.

You will need:

• 1 dome, 15.25 cm (6 inches) high; • 1 propagation tray;

• 1 bag of spongy organic rooting substrate (such as Rapid Rooters by GH or Organo Starter Grow Plugs); • 1 plastic insert tray (72 larges holes or 200 small ones);

• 1 bottle of gel or liquid rooting hormones (Rootech, Clonex or Clone-It); • 1 pair of well-sharpened scissors (Fiskars) or a precision knife;

40 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Techniques

• 1 bottle of B1 vitamins (Vitaboost) or Advanced Nutrient’s Jump Start (your choice); • 1 bottle of worm-casting extract (Cinagro Clair);

• 1 fulvic-acid bottle (Grandma Enggy’s or Diamond Nectar); • 1 sprayer emitting the finest possible mist (Chapin); • A few gallons of distilled water;

• Labels to identify cuttings and a permanent marker (it must resist condensation and foliar feedings).

Step 1: Preparing the Substrate The organic sponges I suggest you use are made up of composite saw dust and charged with the spores of the fungus called Trichoderma, which contributes to root formation. In general, plants love keeping oxygen at the root level, and this substrate offers the best oxygen-to-water ratio among all available substrates. The first step is to fill the substrate sponges with water so that they become an ideal environment for young stems taken from the original plant. Put two gallons (approximately 8 litres) of tepid water in a bucket. Add half the recommended fulvic-acid dose per gallon (approximately 4 litres) and the recommended dose of wormcasting extract. Adjust the water’s pH to 6. Place the substrate sponges in the bucket and let them soak for 15 to 20 minutes. Remove excess water by pressing lightly on the sponges in your

hand. Then place them in the holes of the insert tray, and reshape their hole using your scissors’ blade or a tooth-pick. This will prevent the cuttings’ stem from folding when you insert them.

Step 2: Preparing Cuttings A good cutting will not be too leafy but will be tall enough to allow some air to pass under the bottom leaves. This will avoid problems linked to poor aeration under the canopy as well as foliage rot which could infect the substrate. A cutting does not require many leaves to create its roots. Indeed, leaving too many

Industry News

Jurassic Products Present: Also from Jurassic Products: Jurassic BloomMD 0-51-33 Jurassic Carbo-Boost MD Jurassic Carbo-Boost is specially formulated from carbohydrate extracts. When used in the flowering stage Carbo-Boost will bring extra carbohydrates to your plants, encouraging increased flowering, fruiting and essential oil production. Just add 6 grams (1 teaspoon) per 20 litres of fertilizer solution. Re-apply every time you fertilize until the final clear rinse cycle. Remember this is a supplement; Carbo-Boost does not contain any fertilizer. This product should be used as part of a complete nutritional program only.

For the first two weeks of flowering (budding phase), mix 3 grams (½ teaspoon) of Jurassic Bloom for every 20 litres of nutritive solution every time you water.

Jurassic Products are proudly made in Canada. See our ad on page 21 in this issue or call 1-888-381-5252 for more information.

When flowering is well on its way (from the third week on), mix 6 grams (1 teaspoon) of Jurassic Bloom for every 20 litres of nutritive solution each time you water. The Jurassic supplements must always be used with basic nutrients for better results. During the growth phase, treat the plants only once a week. Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 41


Techniques | THE INDOOR GARDENER leaves on a cutting puts pressure on it: to feed the excess foliage, the cutting absorbs a larger quantity of nutrients to feed the roots, to the detriment of the root mass and of the rooting speed. Make cuttings that will be 10 to 15 centimetres tall. It should do, depending on the size and quantity of substrate sponges you have. Once you’ve located the best parts to turn into cuttings on your original plant, cut them at the desired length using scissors or a knife. Grab the cut branch right under the first two mature leaves starting from the top, gently enveloping the leaves in your hand, between thumb and index.

centimetres deep, making sure the leaves and hormones do not make contact. When inserting the cutting in a substrate sponge, be very careful: do it gently, without pushing it all the way in, but deep enough for it to stay in place. If the stem folds under your fingers when you insert it, throw out the cutting and replace it by another. I advise you to fill your propagation tray by inserting the smallest cuttings at one end and the tallest at the other until they meet in the middle. This way, the uniformity in size gives equal chances to all in the restricted space.

Step 3: Manipulating and Starting Cuttings This third step will help you develop your green thumb and your intuition (or artistic sense) on the state of health of the cuttings taking root in your propagation tray. The tray is filled and ready to be closed with the dome. Before you put it on, perform a foliar spray with B1 vitamins, following the manufacturer’s recommended dose. Advanced Nutrients’ Jump Start product can be used instead, since it is specially designed to follow cuttings’ development from insertion into the substrate to rooting. So, B1 vitamins or Jump Start? It’s a matter of personal choice. I’ve tested both and been happy with both.

Gently pull on the stem to bring the foliage in the crook of your hand in such a way that leaves are folded together and cut off, using scissors, anything that goes past your hand (excess foliage) while being careful to preserve the small dominant head. Make sure the stem is well cleared of superfluous leaves and cut its end at a 45-degree angle to allow a larger surface to come in contact with the hormones. You may now dip the cutting in the rooting hormone, one or two

Quote of the Month

Movie Star and Dinnerware Designer Eva Mendes Dishes on Table Top Must-Haves and Creating Beautiful Displays “What would I do if I wasn’t acting? Be an interior designer. [I’m a petal pusher]. I love to throw peonies in unlikely places like a wine glass. Get creative!” she said to People Magazine (May 2010). Source: People, May 10

42 | Volume 6 – Issue 2

The propagation tray with its closed dome is now ready to be placed under the lighting system. If the rooting space has metal-halide or high-pressure sodium lamps, be careful to place the dome’s top 7.5 (for a 400-watt bulb) to 12.5 centimetres (for a 1,000-watt bulb) from the lamps. If however you are using fluorescent lighting, place the dome’s top as close to them as possible. During the first three to four days, I advise you to leave the lamps on 24 hours a day without lifting the dome. Afterwards, move to a cycle of 18 hours of lighting for six of darkness. When the inside of the dome is covered in condensation, it’s time to lift it and to wipe the inside walls using a clean paper towel. Slight condensation inside the dome is a sign that the environment is humid and favourable for your cuttings, but large droplets covering the entire dome’s inside surface will harm proper rooting. After wiping the dome and before you put it back, do a foliar spray with B1 vitamins (or Jump Start), trying to reach and cover the top and underside of cuttings. Repeat this over the next four to six days.The time required for a healthy cutting to take root is directly linked to the climactic conditions it is being given. The original


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Techniques | THE INDOOR GARDENER plant’s health and genetic baggage, however, will influence the cuttings’ ability to root more than any other factor. I’ve seen cuttings take ten days to root in an ideal environment while others, right beside them, only to four days before they were ready from transplanting!

Synching the Fertilization/Humidity/ Temperature Program Once the steps above are done, do not waste time before starting a fertilization program or controlling humidity and temperature in the cutting space. That’s where the difference lies between waiting one week or three before seeing roots. Start by maintaining the temperature between 21 and 25°C. After three to four days, lift the dome for 30 to 45 minutes, two to three times a day. The next day, do it for one to three hours, still twice or three times in 24 hours. This helps cuttings adapt to the change in humidity. It works the same as taking a plant out of the greenhouse once in a while. As of the fifth or sixth day, remove the dome for good. Now is the time to choose two or three cuttings from the tray—you’ll follow these more closely. They will be your calibration cuttings. Take one of these and pull (gently!) on the stem to attempt to take it out of the rooting substrate to observe it. If the cutting resists and remains well anchored when you pull, it’s time to begin a partial fertilization program. If you manage to take the cutting out and it shows scars (whitish lines or bubbles along the stem), it’s time to begin a full fertilization program. If the cuttings have yellowed inside the dome, you missed the proper time. Quickly remove the dome and apply the full fertilization program. If you notice that the cuttings

CONTEST

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WIN AN ECOSYSTEM 2 (ECO2-18)! WITH

AND

To enter the contest you simply have to mail this coupon to:

Jardin du Futur, 1391 Chemin du 1er Rang, Ste-Lucie-des-Laurentides, Qc, J0T 2J0, Canada [before October 31, 2010]. Name: Address: App.:

City:

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Tel: See more details about the contest on page 32 in this issue.

44 | Volume 6 – Issue 2

have wilted slightly, don’t panic. Look at the substrate sponges: they’re probably not moist enough. If the cuttings have an elongated stem, too weak to support leaves or crawling on the substrate’s surface, the substrate is too humid.

Nutrition Program Progression The chosen fertilization program varies depending on the gardener. There is however one universal basic rule when applying fertilizers: progression. No matter the type of plant food used, it’s crucial to start slowly and to progress just as slowly by gradually increasing the electro-conductivity (ppm) of the nutritive solution. I advise you to always start with a solution calibrated at 350 ppm, to increase it by 50 ppm at a time, and later on by 100 ppm at a time, never more. To sum things up, what must be understood about cuttings is that as long as they are not yet well anchored into the substrate and bear no signs of scarification on the stem, they don’t require a full nutritional program. You need only ensure that the substrate sponges remain humid (but not overly so) at all times by watering them using distilled water. As soon as the cuttings show scars or are well anchored in their substrate, start your program and keep in mind the principle of progression. Taking care of your cuttings this early will no doubt help you on your way to harvest success. (Source: Trichome Pharm)

Photo Credits

On the cover: photomontage by A. Faucher (after 2 photos by J. Caron [Red Amaryllis (detail) and Hydroponic Lettuce]; Barney, K. R.: 46, 47, 48; BioFloral: 22, 56; Brite-Lite: 54, 55, 60; Broto: 38; Caron, J.: cover, 40, 41, 42, 44; Corbeil: 6; CowPots: 15; CubeCap: 16; D.R.: 4, 14, 18, 28, 29, 36, 37, 38, 39, 42, 49, 62; Dessureault, J.-M.: 6; Disney®: 51; Dr Doom: 52; EcoSystem: 30, 31, 32; Excel Air: 16; Farm Fresh Living : 36, 37, 38; Fertilec: 19; Flairform: 17; Fritz, J.: 12, 14, 15, 24, 25, 26; GeoHumus: 63; Global Sol: 54, 55; Grodan: 56: Herbi Smart: 37, 38; HOMEbox: 59; Hydrofarm: 58, 59; HI: 56; HP: 55; HW: 55, 62; Juliusson, H.: 38; Jurassic Products: 41; Lestrange, É.: 39; LumiGrow: 60; MegaWatt: 52; MegaWatt/House & Garden Van de Zwaan: 52; Ohmax: 63; Pigeon, F.: 65; Pippin (Japan): 49; Pharm Solutions, inc.: 23; Royalty Free Stock Images: 50; S.E.E.: 10; Shark Cage: 52; Shields Date Garden: 9; Sunlight Supply, inc.: 17; TIG (Bredoux, B.): 8, 9, 49, 59; TIG (Daimon, S.): 31, 32; TIG: 20; Trimpro: 20, 21, 22; True Liberty Bags: 23; worth1000.com: 7.


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Q & A

To keep on getting the best service available, send your questions to submit@tigmag.com. We will answer and comment your remarks. Hail to the IG magazine Crew! I have just bought a 1,000W HPS light and am wondering how many plants I can put under it or how much space can it cover? Thanks, – Daniel Gale, Plattsburg, NY Dan, Most people who are growing indoors will use one 1,000W for every 4 x 4 ft.—or 16 sq. ft.—of space. As a rule, you need at least 25 watts per square foot of coverage to achieve ideal growth. The number of plants will depend on how big you want to grow them. Fewer, larger plants will be easier to take care of, but about 25 plants in 8-10 in. pots in a sea-of-green style setup are probably going to yield the most. If you are going hydro, the same numbers apply for most tables. Lights! Action! Grow! – Émile Lestrange Hi, I am a fairly new gardener and I noticed on my outdoor garden there are some plants that have holes on the leaves but when I look around to see what bugs are eating them I don’t see any so would you know if this stuff would work for this or what other organic stuff I can use for something like this? Thank you, – M. Green, CA Hi, Great question! Holes like that are usually from grasshoppers, caterpillars or beetles but occasionally, holes can be created by harsh environments, strong winds, strong rains, or combination’s of both can create holes. First, rule out any possibility of environmental damage. If after that you still suspect pests, try Green Light Neem, I strongly recommend it! Aloha, – Pete Kovachevich, PGSGrow Hello, I was really looking forward to a nice outdoor harvest this year when I put my plantlets in my garden in early May. A few weeks later, when I return from a trip abroad, almost half of my plants had been devoured by what I figured were slugs. My friend who took care of the garden during my trip says he wasn’t sure what to do… and he did nothing! How do you suggest I cure my slug problem for next year? Thanks, – Bobby Bartlett, NS

Well Bobby, The easiest way is to go to just about any garden center and grab yourself some slug bait. This stuff usually comes in either pellet or powder form depending on what you want. The pellets will last a bit longer, but the powder covers more area. If you place a ring of powder around the base of each plant, you’re almost sure to get most of the slugs. Another way is to use diatomaceous earth, particularly if you don’t like the idea of chemicals and poisons. Diatomaceous earth inflicts lethal bodily harm instead of poisoning the mollusc gastropods. Sounds pretty hardcore, but basically it’s just a powder with microscopic sharp edges. The slugs either turn around, or continue and get so many cuts that they dehydrate and die. However, the most fun way to get rid of slugs is to leave a bit of beer in the bottom of a can and bury it about halfway near each plant. The slugs, attracted by the beer, will crawl in there and drown. This is the preferred method, as you get to drink the beer first; but it loses effectiveness after a rainfall. The good news is, if you can make it through the first part of the season, the slugs disappear when things dry up. Oh, and one last piece of advice: don’t hire this friend again if you travel next year! – Émile Lestrange Hello I am an admirer of your magazine. It is full of great ideas and information. I would like to know the shipping price of your special issue on hydroponic vegetables cultivation as well as the table of content of that issue. Thanks to a hydro shop in Reims, France’s city of Champagne, I have found a back issue announcing it. Thank you. – Alain Dupont, Haussimont, France Hi M. Dupont, I am somewhat puzzled by your question since we never published a special issue about hydroponic vegetables cultivation. However, you can order the book “Guide complet d’initiation à la culture hydroponique” (in French) from Mama Editions in Paris. A worthy alternate reading if you understand English would be “Integral Hydroponics: Indoor Growing Principles for Beginners and Intermediates, 4th Edition”, by G. Low and Chad McDonald (2009, BookSurge Publishing). Bonne lecture! – The Editors N.B.: You can also mail your questions or comments to: Green Publications, P.O. Box 52046, Laval (Quebec), Canada H7P 5S1 Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 45


Tips & Tricks | THE INDOOR GARDENER

Tools of the Trade By Kerrie R. Barney

In the late 1990’s, long before the current economic hard times, there was a brief period when several mail-order gift catalogs offered what they called “complete indoor gardening tool kits.” Now, these kits were clearly not designed for the serious, professional gardener. Instead, they were strictly meant for hobbyists who tended a small collection of pampered houseplants… but oh, the tools they contained!

46 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Tips & Tricks

Contact us and showcase your store in the magazine There finally is a great magazine on hydroponics

Contact our sales representative Mr Maxime Villeneuve at 1 514 661-5325 or by email at sales@tigmag.com

Join us And grow with us!

Gleaming pruning sheers in several different sizes. Tiny watering cans with graceful, elongated spouts. Misting bottles made of sparkling hand-blown glass. And all tucked away in an elegant carrying case that could have held its own against a thousand dollar designer purse. To amplify the luxury even more, some catalogs offered different versions. There was a deluxe model where most of the tools were made of “One Hundred Percent, Pure High Quality, Gleaming Stainless Steel!” And then there was the super deluxe version where the tool handles were plated in fourteen carat gold. I must admit I was smitten. Not by the fancy gold handles. I tend to stay at least a little practical even during my wildest flights of catalog-shoppinginduced fancy, and I suspected that the gold plating would begin to rub off rather quickly if the tools were ever used. But the stainless steel kits… oh yes, those I loved. There was something delirious happy about the idea of having every indoor gardening tool I could ever want, all neatly arranged like an artist’s paint box or a sculptor’s chisel set. It was like the

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or offer a subscription to your gardener friends! By phone: 1-450-628-5325 Find us on

Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 47


Tips & Tricks | THE INDOOR GARDENER very existence of such a tool kit upgraded my activities from “hobby” to “high art”. I kept the catalog containing my favorite on my kitchen counter where I could look at it regularly. And when new editions came in the mail I always paged through them instantly to make sure the catalog hadn’t stopped carrying it. Alas, actually owning one of these beauties was never in my cards. Somehow, I could never quite justify spending that kind of cash, especially not when I’d been growing perfectly happy, healthy houseplants for years with much more pedestrian gear. My indoor gardening “tool kit” at that time consisted of just two items: a pair of dollar store gardening shears, and an old 1960’s watering can I’d rescued from my parent’s garage. Neither of these tools were exactly works of art. The shears had plastic handles colored a very garish, industrial yellow. And the watering can’s handle was liberally wrapped in duct tape, having developed a hair-line crack nearly a decade before. Still, they worked, and as long as they did I couldn’t imagine replacing them. After all, who needs gold and gleaming stainless steel when one already has brilliant yellow plastic and shining silver duct tape? But nothing lasts forever, not even nearly indestructible 1960’s watering cans. One day I discovered that the handle had completely separated from the body, and no amount of duct tape was going to make it right. Saddened, I considered going back to the dollar store to pick out a replacement—and then my eyes fell on the latest issue of the gift catalog. The complete kits, even the lowly “deluxe” models, were still way beyond my budget. But the catalog had just started offering the matching watering can separately, at a price I could actually afford. I ran for my credit card and placed my order before they could change their minds. The package came. The watering can was beautiful, simple, classic, and far outshining any garden tool I’d ever owned. I sat it in the center of my kitchen table and just admired it for a while. Then… well, then I actually tried using it. And discovered that beauty and function don’t always go hand in hand. The handle was uncomfortable. The balance was off. Worst of all, the long, slender spout I’d admired so much in the catalog—it was supposed to allow one to “water plants on high shelves with ease”—made the can just a shade too big to sit inside my sink. I couldn’t fit it under the tap, so I had to fill the thing in stages, first filling up a handy coffee mug and then pouring the water from the mug into the can. When I did finally mange to get it filled, I discovered the final flaw. That elegant, elongated spout only produced the weakest, sickliest of trickles, taking almost ten minutes just to water one plant. It actually ended up being easier just to water the plants straight from the coffee mug, instead. Nowadays, I would have returned the watering can to its manufacturers the moment I got it emptied and dried. But at the time I was young and stubborn and didn’t quite want to admit

48 | Volume 6 – Issue 2

what a bad mistake I’d made. I continued to use that can off and on for almost three months, watering a plant or two with it before I got frustrated and used my coffee mug to finish the rest. At last, though, I finally did give up and chalk up the whole experience as a valuable lesson learned. Pretty, shiny tools are not necessarily beautiful in use… But use can make tools beautiful, even if they didn’t start out that way. Today my “ugly” old yellow sheers are more beautiful to me than I ever would have expected. I can’t look at them without feeling great admiration for their longevity, and appreciation for all the gardening adventures we’ve had together. Use something like that long enough, and it becomes an old and trusted friend. And having that sort of trust and experience with something is a beautiful thing indeed. Today that “pretty” can is doing what it should have been doing all along—being an ornament. It has returned to my kitchen table and now sits on a placemat in the center, offering support for the trailing vines of a very happy philodendron plant. And what am I using for a watering can? Believe it or not, I’m still using a coffee mug, an extra-large one my friend Christy gave me with a happy cow painted on the side. It isn’t exactly high art. But it is quick to fill, comfortable to hold, and easy to pour out of without spilling water all over the floor—attributes that more than make up for what it lacks in sophistication. Together with my dollar-store shears, it makes a beautiful, ugly duo that I look forward to using for years to come. And that’s more than good enough for me.


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Gallery

Kitties

Plants


As autumn approaches, I

quickly remember the reason for indoor gardening. Plants that bloom do so based on

the hours of light they receive each day. Most plants bloom in the spring and hibernate

in the fall. As the trees began to change colors and I know

that soon they will be bare, I remember that I am lucky

It’s Fall?

because I can grow plants indoors.

Let’s Take the Garden Indoors. By Stephanie Annis

50 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Q & A

[Continued from page 45]

Growing indoors takes a bit of skill, an ounce of time, and a ton of luck. If you want different varieties of fresh herbs throughout the winter months, an indoor garden is the best way to ensure freshness. You certainly can buy dried herbs anywhere, but growing your own means that you are sure of their origin and quality.

Dear Bruno Bredoux, I think it was wrong to include the Disney Tree of Life in the article “12 of the Most Amazing Trees in the World” by V. Green in your November/December 2009 issue. This “tree” is a man-created construction using rockwood sculpted off-site and assembled in sections at Disney. While interesting and tree-like, it is not and never has been a living plant. Thank you! – Emil Sekerak, Burlington, ON

I am currently reading a lot about gardening and as winter approaches, I’m sure I will be doing a lot more. I have found some interesting ways to increase the quality of my indoor plants. For example, by introducing a stronger light, I can increase the strength of my plants. I have also been studying the use of CO2 by indoor gardeners. It seems that by using it, which is what plants feed on, my plants will grow bigger and stronger. But I have to say that I am not sure I want to get that extravagant. One thing I do want to try is Fish emulsion. This is a fertilizer that has been used for over 20 years. When I was young, my dad would use it on the bonsai trees. It was very smelly and can be somewhat disgusting because it is made from rancid fish waste. However,it has been a long held trick of the trade for many horticulturalists and it provides plants with essential nutrients like nitrogen. Many things can be done to provide indoor plants with all they need. The now ubiquitous gardening stores have made it increasingly easy to find the supplies needed to create a luxury indoor garden. No matter how large or small the space you have, these specialty stores have what you need to create the perfect conditions needed to grow whatever plants you would like. I have found that if you shop around carefully, you can all that is necessary to create and maintain a healthy organic garden indoors. Many people prefer an organic garden indoor for safety reasons. One of the things stores carry nowadays are lady bugs, which will groom your plants and keep other bugs away from them. Lady bugs are a nice touch to an indoor garden because they are not only useful but beautiful. Lady bugs often remind me of the beauty of nature. I love the autumn season because it reminds me that I live in a very special place. The tropics and the desert change little from one season to another. But in the North Eastern United States, we get to enjoy the beautiful tour of colors every year. The tour of colors is something that I enjoy every year. It is great to hop in the car and drive through the country taking in all the beautiful scenery.

Hello Emil, You are indeed right about the Disney Tree of Life and the numerous Websites I consulted about it are mostly wrong. Thank you for your well-documented reply. – Bruno Bredoux Hi, I have the Nov/Dec 2009 issue of The Indoor Gardener magazine and there’s an article I was very interested in called “The Trees of Life—Part Two: He Who’s Afraid of Leaves” by Sylvie Laberge. I only have this issue and I would love to have the Part One of this article in the issue before—is there any way I can acquire that from your company? I appreciate your assistance with this request, thank you! – Dalmarie Yurkowsky Hello Dalmarie, You can browse our last nine issues online, on our Website. Just go on the “Archives” page (www.theindoorgardener.ca/Archives.php). There, you will find the three-part series by Sylvie Laberge. The fourth part will be featured in our upcoming issue of November/December 2010. Don’t miss it! – The Editors Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 51


Industry News | THE INDOOR GARDENER

MegaWatt HydroCulture is Proud to Present its Newest Products

Doktor Doom Spider Mite Knock Out

of the rate of humidity which allows and maximizes growth. The Dualflector is a reflector and a deflector at the same time. The system opens entirely for easy access to your plants. Ask your nearest retailer for more information.

Green Gold Bat Guano Grow and Bloom

Doktor Doom Spider Mite Knock Out is a .20% pyrethrin formula. This formula is 19 times stronger in active ingredient pyrethrin than any soap based insecticides and 10 times stronger than any formulations that contain pyrethrin and piperoynl butoxide.

Green Gold Bat Guano Grow 8-4-2 is a high Nitrogen fertilizer which provides immediate available nutrients to the plants, ensuring rapid and exceptional root and flower development. Use Green Gold Bat Guano Grow 8-4-2 for “explosive” green growth that most other guano products can’t live up to. If you want lush shiny leaves, large flower development and overall plant health try using it today!

Unlike soap based products which need to be applied liberally to the plant in order to drown the insects, Doktor Doom Spider Mite Knock Out kills the pests on contact with just a light misting on the foliage. Try it and see for yourself!

Green Gold Bat Guano Bloom 0-12-4 is like probiotics for your plants. The microbial flora contributes to this phosphorus-rich fertilizer, making it a soil amendment that should not be overlooked! Use Green Gold Bat Guano Bloom 0-12-4 to blast the brix content, (sugar-to-alcohol ratio in plants), even higher in your favorite flowers, fruits or vegetables. Warning! Users may be blown away with the “explosive” root and flower developmental stages!

Now Exclusive Distributor of the Shark Cage

House & Garden 1 Liter Roots Excelurator House & Garden has just released its 1 liter format Roots Excelurator! Roots Excelurator is the best and most powerful root stimulator on the market, and now that it is available in a larger format! 1 liter is equivalent to 3333 liters of solution. This powerful root stimulator ensures the explosive growth of the roots and rids the plant of brown roots. Roots Excelurator is packaged in a light-proof aluminum container with a sealed lid to guarantee that the product stays fresh. Roots Excelurator is a must-have for every successful grower.

The Shark Cage has a lot of advantages that make it a unique system. Imagine having your own organic garden 365 days/ year!!! It is very light, weighs less than 50 pounds and comes with wheels which make it easily maneuverable. The Shark Cage has no walls, allowing better control of the wool’s temperature and easy control

52 | Volume 6 – Issue 2

Also available from House & Garden: Algen Extract, Aqua Flakes A & B, Coco A & B, Soil A & B Base Nutrients, Multi Zen, Shooting Powder, Top Booster, Bud XL, and Drip Clean. For any wholesale inquiries, and for more information, contact your MegaWatt HydroCulture sales representative at 1-800-575-2515. www.megawatthydro.com.


Industry News | THE INDOOR GARDENER

New Products from Brite-Lite Group Mystik Botanical Bliss to Motivate and Nurture Plant Performance Optimum Hydroponix® welcomes the addition of three intoxicating cocktails Mystik Root, Mystik Grow and Mystik Bloom to its family of products. These potent potables combine a rich blend of all natural ingredients with highly concentrated seaweed, botanical extracts, more than 30 trace elements and amino acids which drive natural plant functions

to the extreme through superior assimilation of nutrients. Mystik Root, Grow and Bloom motivate and nurture performance, fueling crops with maximum energy through all stages of plant life. Product of Holland, bottled in Canada by Optimum Hydroponix. Available from distributors of

Optimum Hydroponix in the following formats: 500 ml, 1 litre and 4 litres. For more information ask your favourite hydroponic retailer. Visit: www.optimum-hydroponix.com.

Titan Beefs Up Your Blooms Optimum Hydroponix® is happy to report the arrival of Titan 0-10-7. A natural power- pack loaded with botanical hormones, extracts, and minerals to boost and steer the maturation process targeting plant energy directly to buds cultivating fruit that thrives and phenomenal Music

Global Sol Fest 2010 Craneway Pavilion, By Mystic Beat Lounge The inspiration for Global Sol was born out of the band Hamsa Lila and it is being produced by House of Hamsa along with other amazing Bay Area partners. Global Sol featured some of the most amazing live music acts, special guests late night surprises and DJ from all over the world, including Arrested Development first tour in over 10 years, Kenge Kenge from Obama’s Kenya tribe, Haamsa Lila plus special guests, and more! Global Sol combined an incredible array of visual experiences, immersive light installations, interactive art installations and a global bazaar vending village with diverse and organic food, tea and energy gardens, along with magical refreshments both alcoholic and non-alcoholic at the bars.

54 | Volume 6 – Issue 2


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Industry News

flowers. Indulge plants with Titan’s divine energy that empowers flowers to their absolute potential. Use with your favourite fertilizer or plant nutrition program during the final 3 weeks of flowering prior to harvest. Product of Holland, bottled in Canada by Optimum Hydroponix. Available from distributors of Optimum Hydroponix in the following formats: 500 ml, 1 litre and 4 litres. Visit www.optimum-hydroponix.com.

ZenZyme generates the proliferation of microorganisms sparking chemical reactions that accelerate the breakdown and mineralization of nutrients and undesirable residue in grow media, optimizing nutrient uptake and assimilation. More nourishment and less disease promote a healthy root environment. Plants grow

bigger, stronger, and faster. ZenZyme suitable for all grow mediums, paves the road to rooted harmony. Product of Holland, bottled in Canada by Optimum Hydroponix. Available from distributors of Optimum Hydroponix in the following formats: 500 ml, 1 litre and 4 litres. Visit www.optimum-hydroponix.com.

ZenZyme, Because Breaking Up is Hard to Do Optimum Hydroponix® presents ZenZyme a 100% natural enzymatic tonic that reinforces plants’ defense systems while treating and cleansing grow media.

at the Beautiful Richmond, CA Party-goers also experienced Tech Nomadic, a solar-powered show on the water: dance performances, parades, video installations on the water under the stars with amazing bridge and city views! See all about the Fest at www.globalsolfest.com (the show was held in collaboration with some of the hydroponic industry finest companies in the Bay Area: HydroPacific Garden Supply, House & Garden US and Humboldt Wholesale).

Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 55


Industry News | THE INDOOR GARDENER

“Gro-SMART with Grodan®” At the recent Maximum Yield Indoor Garden Expo in San Francisco, Grodan released the debut of a new series of training videos aptly named, Gro-SMART with Grodan. The first of its kind, the Gro-SMART series was designed to be played in indoor gardening shops to help educate the consumer.

Nine main segments plus a bonus video make up the series. Titles include Benefits of Hydroponics and Grodan, Environmental Focus, Product Line, Soaking/Conditioning, Starting Plants, Transplanting, Ebb & Flow Made Easy, Drip Irrigation Made Easy, and Patio and Container Gardening.

But in addition, Gro-SMART is quickly becoming invaluable to stores as a training tool for employees, new or otherwise. Either way, it’s a fantastic way to maximize ones growing power.

The bonus section features how to use Grodan Grow-Cubes™ and Grow-Chunks™ using Ebb and Flow bucket systems that are popular across the U.S. at present.

For those who missed the San Francisco show, Gro-SMART will also be playing in booth 104 at Grow 2010 Expo in Los Angeles, October 1-2. “We wanted to dispel common misconceptions about Grodan and Grodan products, while at the same time, show—not just tell growers how they can achieve the absolute best results”, Vibeke (Vee) Kjoelhede, North American Retail Business Manager, explains.

Entertaining and educational, these videos are highly recommended. Take a few minutes to watch them for yourself.

Presents:

nutri+ Concentrated Liquid Fertilizers nutri+ Bloom A + B Nutrient allows your plants to grow and bloom as much as possible, at minimum cost and can be used during both growth and flowering phases.

• Made from reverse osmosis water assuring a reliable and quality product. • By respecting rigorous manufacturing standards, our fertilizers contain fewer contaminants than the competitive brands. • Fertilizer without electroconductivity and chlorine free. • Formula rich in calcium necessary for the production of healthy roots and for the enhancement of the immune system, and in magnesium essential for the production of chlorophyll. • A + B fertilizer reliable for 20 years in Eastern Canada. • Easy to use, super concentrated formula, economical.

Contact us to find authorized dealers near you: 1-877-384-9376 or info@biofloral.com.

56 | Volume 6 – Issue 2

After all, the videos are free to play and can be downloaded from www.grodan101.com or from www.youtube.com (search for Gro-SMART). Also watch for new videos that will be uploaded to Grodan’s Website in the near future.

More Videos from Hydro Innovations Online! By S. Keen

I hope this season finds you happy and healthy and with business booming. We’ve been pretty busy around here and have just posted several new informative videos for our entire product line. Some products you might already be familiar with, but there is new information about them as well as some brand new products you haven’t yet seen. You can find the videos on our website, www.hydroinnovations.com, or on

Youtube (I’ve listed links below). Some of the links were posted a while back, but most are recent. If you are carrying our products we appreciate it, and we think that these videos are excellent sales tools to help boost your bottom line. There is a lot of really good application, installation and use information as well, so if you point your customers and your sales staff to the videos everyone will be very well informed.

The Videos:

Hydro Innovations ChillKing Chiller Line:

www.youtube.com/watch?v=7PsGxnlTW7o;

Ice Box Video—part 1: www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0uRrMvfucY; Ice Box Video—part 2: www.youtube.com/watch?v=CulolkUgyGc; Ice Box Review: www.youtube.com/watch?v=yp_aysVOpbI,

Water-Cooled System Installation—part 1: www.youtube.com/watch?v=A1YA_SFB_5A; Water-Cooled System Installation—part 2: www.youtube.com/watch?v=U4Dl4cRon6A; HydroGEN PRO Installation—part 1: www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ehn7B2R1KNU; HydroGEN PRO Installation—part 2: www.youtube.com/watch?v=fzJVGkJBia8; Water-Cooled Grow Freezer: www.youtube.com/watch?v=la01dLfnta0; CO2 Product Line: www.youtube.com/watch?v=gUyQATRtgwE.

Visit: www.hydroinnovations.com and www.icehousedistribution.com.


Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 57


Industry News | THE INDOOR GARDENER

Hydrofarm Presents: In fact, the Smart Pot was originally developed for and has been used by commercial tree growers for over twenty years.

Hydrofarm 1/8” Rope Ratchets

Hydrofarm’s new compact Rope Ratchet two-pack is perfect for hanging lights, filters and other equipment. They have metal components for long life and strength, and the patented pulley system pulls tight, locks in place and adjusts easily. Each pack contains two ratchets that hold 75 pounds each, so the pair can handle jobs up to 150 pounds. Convenient carabiner clips make attaching or removing equipment a snap. Ask for Hydrofarm Rope Ratchets at an authorized Hydrofarm retailer near you.

The Smart Pot is an aeration container. It has the unique ability to air-prune—and enhance—a plant’s root structure. A highly branched, fibrous root structure is the key to growing a better plant—with more flowers and fruits, and more resistance to insects and diseases. In any container garden, the container you use makes a difference. Find out what size of container to use, and how to grow your own tomatoes. Look over our website (www.smartpots.com) and e-mail us questions. Then try the Smart Pot for your smart garden! Your plants will thank you. Their root structures will thank you. Aeration is the key. Happy container gardening!

Rope Ratchets—Perfect for All Your Hanging Needs

Sunburst 250W & 400W Digital Ballasts

Hydrofarm’s new Sunburst Digital Ballast delivers 10% more lumens than magnetic ballasts in a compact, light-weight unit. The Sunburst E, available in both 250 and 400 watt models, is 30% lighter than magnetic ballasts, meaning hanging is a breeze. Big growing performance in a small package: • High intensity grow light with built-in digital ballast; • Virtually silent operation; • Energy efficient;

• Automatically converts from sodium to halide;

Smart Pots, Happy Containers!

• Air-cooling options available; • Low profile, light weight; • Completely pre-wired;

• Includes instructions, hangers and lighting recommendations.

2 and 4 Ft. Fluorescent Grow Light Fixtures The patented Smart Pot is for the gardener who wants a container that will grow the best possible plant. It’s a new and unique advancement in container technology that’s better than any other method of container gardening. It’s: • better than standard black-plastic containers;

• better than ceramic (clay) containers; • better than raised beds;

• better than decorative containers.

The patented Smart Pot is a soft-sided fabric container that has the rigidity to hold its shape and can even support large trees.

58 | Volume 6 – Issue 2

Rope Ratchet is a unique, compact system that lets you quickly secure a variety of items, including reflectors, fans and other gardening accessories. Adjust as needed - no knots or chains to mess with plus 150 pounds of holding power. Perfect for hanging reflectors, fans and any other garden accessories that needs to be secure. It features: • 150 pounds load limit; • ¼ inch metal hooks;

• eight foot solid braided polypropylene rope (¼ inch diameter); • packaged in a convenient ClamShell pack (one per pack).

The two and four foot light fixtures are featuring:

• Light and durable all steel housing; • Instant-start energy saving ballast; • Mounting chain and «S» hook included;

• Thermally protected and corrosion resistant; • Compatible with all Jump Start Systems; • Fully assembled;

• Accepts two T12 or T8, 24 inch 34W to 40W bulbs; • Two bulb fixture.


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Industry News

Active Eye Microscopes

HOMEbox® Products Now all Labeled with EAN-Codes

All our HOMEboxes are now having an individual EANCode (European Article Number-Code) on the packaging. The EAN-Code is a 13-digit machine readable bar code for unified labeling of products.

In combination with the corresponding software and hardware the EAN-Codes offer a variety of advantages and features: - facilitates the acquisition of new products;

Hydrofarm’s new line of microscopes leaves nothing to chance. Active Eye is the name to turn to when you need to identify pests or disease in your garden. The Active Eye Loupe offers 30X magnification in a handy package and our three different mini microscopes offer varying magnification settings that let you focus on healthy plants. All of these handy garden tools have LED lights that help you illuminate your subject. Visit an authorized retailer near you to learn more or contact your Hydrofarm retail representative for more information.

- enables permanent inventory tracking and guarantees perfect stock-overview at any time;

- facilitates order picking and packing and minimizes mistakes;

- facilitates creation of all relevant documents (from Packing List to Receipt);

- enables the sale of our products on professional online platforms like Amazon. We provide 2 years warranty for all our products! The HOMEbox® seal of quality stands for our demand of high quality materials. We solely use the best materials for our products. E-Mail: info@EastSide-Impex.de. Website: www.homebox.net.

NEW ADVERTISING OPPORTUNITIES WITH

Finally an advertising campaign that will generate results!

There are so many different media companies to choose from and with whom to spend your advertising budget. The Indoor Gardener and Le Jardinier d’Intérieur have a solution for you!

Over 30,000 copies (10,000 in FR and 20,000 in ENG) are READ of each edition throughout North America. The free magazine’s distribution covers all of North America, United States and Canada, and is available in hydroponics stores, gardening centers and nurseries across the continent. It is a unique vehicle for advertisers, to reach their customers directly at the hydroponics equipment purchase location.

We are a media company that will generate results. Our advertisers can get more information on our BRAND NEW WEBSITE (www.theindoorgardener.ca) and our BANNER EXCHANGE POLICY by contacting our sales representative, Mr. Maxime Villeneuve (sales@tigmag.com or 1 514 661-5235). Don’t hesitate to call him to find out more about the conditions and space offered for your ads on our new Website. For more information on how you can achieve your desired results and have a customized media campaign, contact us and we will be able to get you the results you are looking for in these tough economic times.

Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 59


Industry News | THE INDOOR GARDENER

LumiGrow, Inc., Introduces LumiGrow ECC™ LED Light Bulbs for Environmental Control Chambers and Greenhouses By George Chan

LumiGrow, Inc., the leading provider of LED lighting solutions for agricultural and horticultural applications, today announced the release of the LumiGrow ECC™ series, a direct replacement for the incandescent bulbs used in environmental control chambers (ECCs) and greenhouses. The LumiGrow ECC-R™ and ECC-FR™ LED light bulbs provide plants with Red (660nm) and Far Red (740nm), respectively, and use 75 percent less energy than the incandescent bulbs they replace. While other energy-efficient retrofit products, such as compact fluorescent bulbs, produce general illumination, they do not produce the Red and Far Red of incandescent bulbs. In independent laboratory studies conducted by both academic and industry researchers, the LumiGrow ECC-R bulb’s Red levels were shown to match those of 100-Watt bulbs, and the ECC-FR bulb’s Far Red levels slightly exceeded those of 100-Watt bulbs. Researchers can create custom color blends to achieve desired growth effects by simply varying the ratio of ECC-R bulbs to ECC-FR bulbs. The LumiGrow ECC’s dimming feature enables further finetuning of light levels. Governments worldwide are restricting the use of wasteful incandescent lights. For example, the sale of 100-Watt bulbs is prohibited in the European Union. By September 2011, the EU will have banned the sale of nearly all incandescent bulbs. In the US, incandescent bulbs will be phased out beginning with 100-Watt bulbs in 2012 and ending with 40-Watt bulbs in 2014. Australia has already placed an outright ban on the sale of the bulbs.

60 | Volume 6 – Issue 2

The LumiGrow ECC bulbs simply screw into standard sockets, making them a straightforward retrofit that ensures compliance with new legislation. The LumiGrow ECC series bulbs operate at just 17 Watts, producing annual savings of over 500 kilowatt-hours compared to 100-Watt bulbs. In addition, they avoid the electrical cooling requirements inherent to incandescent lights because they do not emit infrared light. An estimated 80 percent of the energy burden of environmental chambers results from removing the unwanted infrared energy generated by incandescent bulbs. For example, replacing 45 100-Watt incandescent bulbs in an average (8’ x 8’) style chamber with LumiGrow ECC bulbs would reduce the heat load of an environmental growth chamber by 176,000 BTU’s (18 tons) per day. That’s enough to cool an additional 1000 square feet of office space all day. LumiGrow ECC bulbs last 10 to 20 times longer than standard bulbs, minimizing capital outlay and ongoing operating costs. Users can expect to recoup their investment in less than two years by significantly reducing power usage, cooling requirements and maintenance costs.

“The academic community has clamoured for an LED solution to reduce the high costs and energy demands associated with operating growth chambers and greenhouses,” said Kevin Wells, founder and CEO, LumiGrow. He added, “We’re pleased to answer the call with the LumiGrow ECC series.”

About LumiGrow, Inc.:

LumiGrow, Inc. is the leading provider of LED lighting solutions for agricultural and horticultural applications. Proven in third-party studies to boost crop yield and reduce operational costs, LumiGrow LED lighting systems are the tested-and-proven choice of researchers and commercial growers including Dow AgriSciences, Duke University, US Department of Agriculture and University of California at Davis. Headquartered on Treasure Island in the San Francisco Bay, LumiGrow is privately owned and operated. LumiGrow delivers energy- and costefficient retrofit solution to address global ban on incandescent bulbs. LumiGrow, LumiGrow ECC, LumiGrow ECC-R and LumiGrow ECC-FR are trademarks of LumiGrow, Inc. For more information, call (800) 514-0487 or visit http://LumiGrow.com.

Bigger Location for Brite-Lite Ottawa

The Brite-Lite Indoor Garden Center in Gloucester near Ottawa, Ontario, moved into a larger location to better serve customers.

Fortunately the new store is easy for customers to find because it is located in the same mall, just a few doors down from its old home. Brite-Lite Gloucester opened in 2002 and is one of the 11 indoor gardening and hydroponics speciality shops in the Brite-Lite/Qué-Pousse retail chain in Ontario and Québec. Brite-Lite Gloucester, 1677 Cyrville, (corner Meadowbrook and Cyrville), Gloucester, ON, K1B 3L7, Canada, tel: (613) 842-8999, www.hydroponix.com.


Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 61


Industry News | THE INDOOR GARDENER

A Quick Breakdown of Humboldt Wholesale Exclusive Products By Sam Kagan Humboldt Wholesale, a different kind of wholesale company, specializing in exclusive products tested by the best gardeners on the Planet and anything else you need in the garden!

House & Garden Nutrients We are proud to be the exclusive North American distributor of House & Garden Nutrients. Made in Holland, House & Garden Nutrients are our most important Dutch product. The creator of this product, William Van De Zwaan, is responsible for creating several other nutrients out of Holland, although this is his signature line. The research done by Mr. Van De Zwaan and his staff of scientists is meticulous. He has a huge facility with 10 football fields of roses where they do all their research. Most nutrient lines tend to be complicated. House and Garden simplifies the process and the results are amazing, so naturally people love it. We consider ourselves lucky to have established a great relationship with such a remarkable company.

Global Green House Digital Lighting Global Greenhouse Digital Lighting is another one of our premiere products. The development of this product brought us to Asia, where the best digital lighting technology exists. The best manufacturing facilities are in China and the best components (capacitors) are made in Japan. Combine the two and you have Global Green House Lighting. We knew from our retail experience that there was a tremendous need for better digital ballasts. The ballasts we were selling from our retail locations kept getting returned mainly because of cheap components. We

62 | Volume 6 – Issue 2

did all the necessary research and decided to make our own. We made sure only the best components are placed in our ballasts.

Tray Hugger Eco-Friendly Gardening Tray This is another product that we knew there was a need for. Tray Huggers are the first eco-friendly gardening tray made with recycled plastics. These are heavy-duty trays so there is no sacrifice in going green. We even priced them cheaper so there is no reason for people not to use them. The California manufacturer we get them from also uses green power for their electricity, so this is an example of us trying to move our company in a greener direction.

Mad Farmer Made in California, Mad Farmer is a line of plant enhancements, additives and nutrient controls formulated specifically for hydroponics. With no dyes and better base nutrients, this product is clean, stable, concentrated and OMRI certified when available. We also distribute Cutting Edge Solutions, California’s #1 nutrient line created right here in Humboldt County. We also stock Plant Success, Fiskars, Can Fans and Filters, Hannah Instruments and everything else gardeners need to be successful. If you are interested in carrying our products give us a call at 1-707-840-0999 or email info@humboldtwholesale.com. We look forward to hearing from you.

Tips & Tricks

Caterpillars in your Garden? By Micheline Blais

I have lots of caterpillars in my outdoor garden. I’m always tracking them on my patio plants and get rid of them by hand. But it is a repulsive job. A good trick to hunt caterpillars and fruit tree larvae is to plant chives at the foot of the tree or plant. This will prevent them from infesting it. If this does not work, purée a clove of garlic in a blender with one cup of water. Filter the solution and pour into a bottle and spray on the plants or tree trunks. Happy growing!


THE INDOOR GARDENER | Industry News

Coming to North America: Geohumus Geohumus is a novel soil additive with the special ability to store water and make it available to plants. Superabsorbers have already been used for a long time in the hygiene industry, especially for baby nappies, and are capable of storing large quantities of water. The mineral contents from volcanic rock flour, clay minerals and silicates supply important nutrient elements and at the same time provide for the structural stability of the granulate in soil. Unlike conventional, mixed granulates, these components in Geohumus are inseparably combined. The porous, spongy, earth-like granulate forms a new class of material which stores water, thus making it available to plants. Geohumus can store at least 40 times its own weight in water, releases it back to the roots as needed, and, with the minerals contained in the flour rock, it provides for sustainable improvement of the soil quality. In numerous studies it has been shown that the use of Geohumus leads to improved root formation, faster and better growth of plants, a greater yield and earlier harvest. Characteristics of Geohumus:

• More efficient water utilisation: losses from leaching and evaporation are reduced, and irrigation intervals are extended considerably as a result. • Nutrient supplier: with the rock flour contained in Geohumus the plants are provided with important minerals. • Mechanical soil improvement: Geohumus improves the soil structure and ventilation through the expansion and shrinking of the granulate during the absorption and release of water. • Reduction of fertiliser and pesticide requirement and groundwater protection: Geohumus reduces the leaching and drainage of fertilisers and pesticides. The use of fertilisers and pesticides and their drainage into the groundwater can be reduced as a result. Through a reduced drainage, nutrients and plant protectants are retained in the topsoil and prevented from migrating into deeper soil layers.

From China, With Light!

Ohmax LED Lighting Fixtures

By Aabby Lin

Ohmax Lighting Company Limited is a professional LED light manufacturer in the city of Shenzhen, the center of LED manufacturing in China. We offer several line of products including: LED Grow Light

• Full range of grow light products. • New model series with 2 watt LEDs. • Color LEDs, sizes and chip brands (Epister, Bridgelux, and Cree) can be adapted to special customer demands. • Fully detachable inner parts make self maintenance easy and prolong product life. • LEDs wavelength can be differentiated by using Integrating Sphere to satisfy customer requirements. We also provide suggestions of

• Immobilisation of heavy metals: it has been verified in very recent studies that Geohumus immobilises heavy metals in contaminated soils.

• Heat balance: Geohumus increases the heat storage capacity of the soil and the immediate vicinity along with it. As a result, frost damage from temperature fluctuations near the freezing point are buffered. • Biological compatibility: Geohumus is completely decomposed by microorganisms in the soil within 3-5 years. • Harmless to the health: in numerous tests it has been shown that Geohumus is non-toxic and thus harmless for the environment. You can read more news about Geohumus on pages 6 and 23 of our May/June issue (get a copy using our order form on page 43) or on our Website: www.theindoorgardener.ca!

wavelengths for those who lack knowledge of light spectrum influence on different plants and flowers.

LED Tube

• Our custom designed and patented LED bars allow for unique no shadow effectiveness and improved product life.

LED Spot and Bulb Light Our products are unique and manufactured with world famous CNC machinery and high precision technologies. They are offered in several different styles and looks and can be customized to meet special customers’ requests. For more information and to see our products, please visit our website: www.led-ohmax.com.

Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 63


The hydroponic World of

United States

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1420 E. Altamonte Dr. Altamonte Springs FL. 32701 phone # 407-830-4769 www.sunshinehydro.com

www.AnthonysGarden.com

“Our business is growing greener one seed at a time”. Your indoor outdoor gardening specialist. 93779 Troy Lane - Coos Bay, OR 97420 (541) 266-8822 Fax: (541) 266-9754

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www.hydroponix.com Hydroponics, fertilizers, lighting Home of Optimum Hydroponix® Store hours: Open Mon.-Fri: 10am-6pm Sat.:10am-3pm Closed: Sundays

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3132, Isleville St. Halifax, N.S. 902-454-6646 B3K 3Y5

Store of the Month

Les Entreprises Fernand Pigeon, inc. “Les Entreprises Fernand Pigeon, inc.” is a gardening centre, in Durham-Sud, Qc, Canada, offering everything for indoor and outdoor horticulture (natural fertilizers, bio soil and compost, vermicompost, professional mixes, rabbit, sheep and horse manure, mycorrhiza, algae, fish emulsions, equipment for indoor production in a greenhouse or an indoor garden, CO2 equipment, controllers, etc.). The owner, Mr. Pigeon said: “We also produce various types of compost and we raise worms for vermicomposting. We make compost teas, plant manure, and we try to respect the planet as much as possible. We also have a farm which is located in Durham-Sud. For 25 years, the farm has been operating in accordance with a biological production mode (uncertified). It includes a tomato and cucumber greenhouse, 1,200 highbush blueberry plants, 50-heads of cattle, cultivated hay and, in the end, a biodiversity that I find rather interesting. On this land in the Eastern Townships, Qc, Canada, I have developed a project, and I would like to share the steps of this project with you. I would like to have you follow, month after month, the evolution of our hops crop. Once our production is viable (in a year or two), we will invite the public to come and check it out.” Stay tuned! Visit www.fernandpigeon.com or call 1 877 958-2777.

Volume 6 – Issue 2 | 65


NE av W ail siz ab es le

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WWW.BLOOMBASTIC.COM

ATAMI PRODUCTS Transforms beginners into professionals and professionals into CHAMPIONS!! Amaze yourself with the new full ATAMI PRODUCTS lines and maximize your overall quality and yield NOW!!

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NEW

FREE SAMPLES

Available only on tradeshows Urban Garden Los Angeles Expo: October 1& 2 Maximum Yield Long Beach Expo: October 16 & 17

ROOTBASTIC NPK 4-14-4 1. Super concentrated. Use when roots are first visible. 2. Promotes explosive root production. Stronger and healthier roots 3. Combination of high NPK bio stimulants and bio minerals. 4. Increases resistance to environmental stress and disease 5. Ideal for transplanting

NE

COCO MAX A NPK 4-0-1 AND COCO MAX B 1-4-3 1. High levels of phosphorus and potassium. 2. Promotes massive blooms. 3. PH fluctuation friendly. 4. Manufactured using high quality raw materials. 5. For both grow and flower stage AWA LEAVES A & B NPK 5-0-3 0-4-4 AND AWA MAX A & B 4-0-6 1-5-3 1. For use with: Rockwool, Hydroton, Perlite, Etc. 2. Contains multi-purpose EDDHA iron chelates. 3. Water soluble and immediately available. 4. Eliminates nutrient waste because of re-circulating capacity. 5. Trace elements that promote massive flowering.

TERRA (soil/soilless) MAX NPK 2-2-4 1. Highly concentrated. Suitable for all soil/soilless mediums. 2. Immediately available trace elements. 3. Stimulates plant vigor. 4. Promotes larger, heavier blooms. 5. pH Balanced

TERRA (soil/soilless) LEAVES NPK 3-1-4 1. Highly Concentrated. 2. Suitable for all soil/soilless mediums. 3. Ideal composition for the mother plant. 4. Ensures a good plant mass. 5. Stimulates the fruit and flower setting.

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The Indoor Gardener Magazine Sept/Oct. 2010