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March / April 2011

Steampunk Horticulture:

Sir Jagadish Bose Crescograph Integrated Pest Management:

The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly Indoor Daffodil Cultivation A Tropical Adventure:

Hydroponic Bananas

Water Solutions with GH Pumps and Filters

Volume 6 – issue 5

View from my Greenhouse (photography by Daniel Boiteau)

ISSN: 1715-0949 – Bimonthly PP41129557





18 20

Indoor Daffodil Cultivation

By Frank Nyikos

How to Finish Your Plants under Natural Light

22 28

By Émile Lestrange

Steampunk Horticulture— Sir Jagadish Bose Crescograph

By Pete Kovachevich

A Tropical Adventure: Hydroponic Bananas

By Glenn Milbrand



By Jim Fritz


Multifunction Flexibility: Avant-Garde Indoor Garden i-Pots and More

The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly


By Vicki Williams


42 52 56


Creating a Natural Environment Indoors

By Stephanie Annis

By Luc Charnet

Water Solutions with GH Pumps and Filters Get Proper Essential Oil Extraction

By Drop Bags


8 27

Potency and Symbolism of Plants— Characteristics, Uses and Virtues

By Mimsy Phœbus

By D. Rigeault & M. Hernisos

Natural Alternatives: Epicurus

And our usual features:

Editorial 6 Industry News 21, 33, 39, 46, 47, 50 to 54 Gallery 40-41 & 43 Granola 44 Hydro World 64-65 Company Profile 46 & 62

WEBSITE : WWW.THEINDOORGARDENER.CA Published by: Green Publications • Directors of publication: Roxanne Lekakis and Stan Daimon Editor: Stan Daimon • Director of sales and marketing: Stan Daimon • Sales Representative: Stephanie Lock Leiva Contributing editors: Stan Daimon, Bruno Bredoux, Roxanne Lekakis, André Faucher, Stephanie Lock Leiva • Art Director: André Faucher Editorial coordinator: Bruno Bredoux • Collaborators in this issue: Stephanie Annis, Bruno Bredoux, Tania Courte, Stan Daimon, Jill Di Donato, Jim Fritz, V. Green, M. Hernisos, Grigg Kellock, Pete Kovachevich, Roxanne Labelle, Émile Lestrange, Tom Lyttle, Michell (Tlsanli), Glenn Milbrand, Frank Nyikos, Mimsy Phœbus, Thomas Primo, Delphine Rigeault-Noël, R. Varkony, Vicki Williams. • Rewriting/Copy editing/Proof reading: V. Green • Cover design: André Faucher, after a photo by Daniel Boiteau • Illustrations: see our photos credits on page 49. Distribution: See the list of our distributors on our website • Administration: R. LaBelle Information: N.B.: Should you need to refer to our conversion table, go to our Website. © 2011, Green Publications Vertes, Laval, Qc, Canada • Printed in Canada. The Indoor Gardener Magazine, P.O. Box 52046, Laval, Quebec, H7P 5S1, CANADA Phone: 450-628-5325, Fax: 450-628-7758, website :

Articles, iconographic representations and photographs contained in this magazine cannot be reproduced, in whole or in part, without the written consent of the Publisher. The magazine (The Indoor Gardener) and publisher (Green Publications) are not responsible for mistakes or erroneous information provided by their authors. The publisher further declines any and all liability related to any problem stemming from the unsuccessful application of any advice provided by an author in an article. Publications Mail - Agreement number PP41129557. Canada Post: Return undeliverable items to Green Publications, PO Box 52046, Laval, Quebec H7P 5S1. U.S. Delivery and Subscriptions: Periodicals Postage Rates are paid in Laval, Qc, Canada, H7P 5S1 – Post Canada Agreement PP41129557. U.S. Post Master: Return undeliverable items to Green Publications, PO Box 52046, Laval, Quebec, H7P 5S1, Canada. Canada Post Publications Mail Agreement number: PP41129557. Legal deposit: Second Quarter 2005. National Library of Canada. Bibliothèque nationale du Québec. ISSN: 1715-0949.

4 | Volume 6 – Issue 5



Strolling... Or Lazing About the Garden? Spring is almost here! The sun is back to dig more wrinkles into your skin, terraces fill with pale creatures, shirt-less or wearing straps, forests are invaded by large families and hysterical dogs. Noses bud, sap is rising, we palm off our winter clothes and reap a cold because we were too optimistic, temperature-wise. Exalted by the promising premises of the warm season, finally seeing the light, overjoyed by the newly mild air, you tell yourself that the time has come to put on those bulky inline skates you bought two years ago and are still like-new. Of course, as a brave an honest worker, you pick Sunday as the day to launch yourself in crowded streets, brand-new wheels on your feet. Since you have not trained, this nice ride will soon become a disaster. Your only obsession is to find the nearest pole to hang on to, because you don’t know how to brake and stop. You look ridiculously like Robocop with your helmet, knee protectors and gloves. And the protective gear is useless—you are in no danger to ever fall. Simply because you’re way too scared to take the tiniest risk. Hands in front, face screwed up, legs wide, ready to collapse, you will of course pass by your soul mate, the man or woman of your dreams. Hands in his or her pockets, he or she flies like the wind on pretty skates. You find him attractive, she finds you attractive. Here is a person full of self-confidence, while you look ridiculous. Full of compassion and tenderness, she will even offer to give you some advice. You will send him off because you feel particularly humiliated. Five minutes later, you’ll regret your pride. Too bad: the Good Samaritan has already left to find someone more likeable. Gravity having won, you will be disgusted, beaten, ridiculed, exhausted. You’ll put your skates away and don your comfortable sport shoes, telling yourself you could have saved money by not buying those stupid things that you will store in the corner of the closet, only to bring them out again… next year. Your fault! That’s why I prefer using my bike. I get on my bicycle and, after 100 metres, a 38-ton truck has already almost killed me. After 250 metres, in my city’s super-polluted streets, I spit as much carbon oxide as a badly tuned Diesel. Never mind... I take a bike path that leads immediately onto a bus stop. I try to pass the bus even though it’s not allowed and it pushes me over. A car arrives right behind me and the driver starts to honk while a pedestrian appears on the left and I swerve to barely avoid him. All that’s missing is a Marathon de Montréal event coming my way! So I pick up my bicycle and enter the first subway station I find. There, I tell myself that at least with the skates I wouldn’t have remained stuck in the turnstile. So I’ve made a decision. This Spring, I’ll laze about the garden!

V. Green (with Thomas Primo) Assistant to the Editor

6 | Volume 6 – Issue 5


Potency and Symbolism of Plants

Characteristics, Uses and Virtues (Part 2)

By Mimsy Phœbus, herbalist, Gordes (France) “Middle Eastern wedding main tradition is centered on the Jordan almond, a candy-coated nut supposedly representing both the bitter and the sweet of marriage. Custom dictates that you give five pieces to each guest, to represent the five wedding wishes: health, wealth, happiness, fertility and longevity.” (Jordan Tradition)

“Without Melissa officinalis, I can barely master my love.” (Old French Saying)

“Dwarf mistletoe is one of the smallest and most curious spermatophyta plant in our flora.” (Brother Marie-Victorin)

“I’ll just be hanging around the mistletoe hoping to be kissed.” (Anonymous)

“Periwinkle, I can only think of you!” (Old French Maxim)

“Yucca allows one to pierce all mysteries; it encourages prescience and artistic gifts.” (Keepers of the Luciferian Order) Pansy (Viola x wittrockiana)

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Our ancestors, whether they were Native American, Roman, Greek or Chinese, knew the virtues of plants and savoured them for their pleasure. Much knowledge has unfortunately vanished through the ages because of the ignorance of some eras. Some plants, now seen as benign, used to be considered evil, while others that are now hated were considered beneficial. It all depends on the times! Here is thus the second part of our exhaustive glossary of powerful, aromatic, and aphrodisiac plants, started in our Volume 6 (issue #4) of The Indoor Gardener magazine.

used as a spice. Mustacae, a spiced cake of the Romans introduced at the end of a rich meal, to prevent indigestion, consisted of wheat flour, grape must, bay leaves, cheese and lard, with anise, cumin and other aromatics. Such a cake was sometimes brought in at the end of a marriage feast, and is, perhaps, the origin of our spiced wedding cake. In gardening, anise oil is used against insects especially when mixed with oil of sassafras and carbolic oil.

Apricot (Prunus armeniaca)

Grown for its fruit, it is a small fruitbearing tree with a reddish brown bark that belongs to the Prunus genus of the Rosaceae family. Sweet or tart, the apricot almond within the apricot’s pit is alleged to create, if eaten, sexual desire in men.

Almond (Prunus amygdalus)

The almond contains a lot of Arginine, an essential amino acid, the only precursor of nitric oxide, and the “chemical messenger” in charge of erections. In fact, an erection is possible because the muscles that control blood flow in the penis relax, allowing the spongy tissues to fill with blood. This would be impossible without nitric oxide. It is also known that Arginine improves sperm quality and facilitates ovulation. According to legend, almond wood is the best wood with which to make a magic wand!

According to the language and symbolism of flowers, giving someone a bouquet containing anise makes the message aphrodisiac. In Virgil’s time, Anise was

Balm, Lemon Balm or Melissa (Melissa officinalis)

An energy carrier, this plant is reputed to bring upon us the stability of feelings. It is associated with the saying: “I can barely master my love”, and is supposed to heal this problem.

Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus)

The Bilberry must not to be confused with the blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum), the cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) or the lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaeva—see below). The bilberry fruits are much smaller than the blueberry’s. Bilberry brings emotional peace.

Bitter Nightshade (Eugenia caryophyllata)

Bitter nightshade produces flowers with a purple corolla, which become small red elongated berries. It acts as a light soporific and as an aphrodisiac; it must be handled carefully because it contains powerful toxic agents.

Eggplant (Solanum melongena or Mala insana)

Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)

For the Vedic, it is the equivalent of ginseng in Chinese medicine. Tests performed on men over 50 have shown that this plant clearly improved sexual performance in 70% of cases. It is a tonic and a powerful conditioner, but also a rather extraordinary antioxidant.

Avocado (Persea americana)

Anise (Pimpinella anisum)


Eating its fruit, the avocado, opens up the sexuality. The word avocado comes from the Spanish word “aguacate”, which comes from the nahuatl word “ahuacatl”, which means testicle, an analogy to the shape of the organ evoked by the shape of the fruit. It contains bromocriptine which increases sexual desire in both men and women.

This oblong and rounded violet vegetable is part of the nightshade family, a family often used for aphrodisiac cuisine. Aside from “harmless” stimulants such as pepper, paprika, tomato or potato, the nightshade family includes more or less toxic parents such as mandrake, hog’s-bean, deadly nightshade and jimson weed. Non poisonous, the eggplant is essentially made of water and contains calcium, iron and vitamins A, B1 to B12 and C. Originating from Africa and Asia, this vegetable is allegedly—aside from its aphrodisiac virtues—therapeutically beneficial, notably against colds, sciatica and renal problems.

European Cinquefoil (Potentilla reptans)

It is a plant from the Rosaceae family. Its name comes from its five overt leaflets. It can easily be confused with wild strawberry. It is symbolically reputed to be aphrodisiac. Its leaves and rhizome contain astringent, digestive, febrifuge and tonic substances. Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 9

Introduction | THE INDOOR GARDENER forest, not to confuse the lingonberry with the bigger black and shiny fruit of the deadly nightshade, which is not edible as such. The lingonberry is used in tabs, teas or decoctions. Its action is however constipating.

Mandrake (Mandragora officinarum)

The mandrake acts mostly on the nervous system by improving the contraction of veins, which maintains blood in the penis and reinforces the erection.

Indian Mulberry or Great Morinda (Morinda citrifolia)

This Polynesian shrub gives a fruit called “noni” which, according to Polynesian healers, is a remedy for almost all human health issues. This came to the ears of a Western marketing director, surely, because a few years ago a new drink invaded our convenience stores: the “Noni Nectar”, the healthy fruit drink your mother would have given you if she had known about it, according to its ad campaign. It is allegedly very aphrodisiac... In any case, our [semi]-imaginary marketing director based his advertising campaign on that claim! See or In related news, “Noni Nectar” drink is not endorsed by actress Winona Ryder, who coincidently happens to be nicknamed “Noni” by her friends!

Mistletoe (Viscum album)

A parasite of the apple tree (among others), mistletoe is a strange plant, neither tree nor shrub. It has no roots and can only develop by living as a parasite on another plant (of which it pierces the bark): apple tree, elm, linden, pine, poplar and willow. It was the druids’ sacred plant, and a magical ritual always preceded its picking. In “Asterix” comic strips, the druid Getafix always sends someone to pick some at the last minute to add a “certain something” to his magic potion. It is said that mistletoe has aphrodisiac properties, and consequently, is drunk in teas or worn as a talisman. A Quebec botanist says that “...mistletoe does not exist in Quebec and dwarf mistletoe, a small parasitic plant of conifers, cannot console us of its absence”. “One of the smallest and most curious spermatophyta plant in our flora”, said Brother Marie-Victorin in “Laurentian Flora”. “It is our only mistletoe and our only specimen of the tropical Loranthaceae family.”

Mustard (Mustum ardens)

Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea)

The fresh lingonberry, rich in vitamin C, is supposed to attract passionate love. Its flavour is acidic and pleasant, but its dark violet juice stains the hands and intensely colors the lips and tongue. It is sometimes used to color wines. Be careful, in the

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Its etymology means “inflamed wort [or fermenting malt]” because the paste was prepared with crushed seeds mixed with grape wort. Mustard’s inflaming capacities were such that men used to rub it on themselves for exploits that had little to do with war. Today’s lover might simply prefer salad dressing...

Oak (Quercus alba)

Majestic tree of Europe and North America’s temperate forests, the oak’s bark is astringent and tonic and can be used

internally as well as externally. An infusion can lower a fever and sooth throat and mouth irritations—in this case it is used as a throat-wash. Male fertility is one of its properties. The use of oak comes from the druids and Antiquity (it was the Romans’ sacred tree; carrying an oak acorn indicated that one was a disciple of Jupiter, Zeus or Odin. Its crushed bark was used as incense to honour those gods during the summer solstice festivities). In “Asterix” comic strips, the druid Getafix used acorns as a necessary ingredient of his magic potion. Finally, to bring good luck, take two small oak branches of equal length, and tie them in a cross with a strand of red wool; this represents balance and harmony.

Orchids’ Family (Latin names vary according to variety)

The orchid, with its whimsical shapes, its velvety leaves and voluptuous perfumes, evokes a thousand pleasures. It has a gift for breaking cold and distant relationships and hence, for bringing beings closer.

Pansy (Viola x wittrockiana)

Its name itself favours affectionate thoughts and inspires memory and meditation. It is supposed to bring on tender and deep feelings. It is also the Easter flower, the flower of the Passion of Christ. The number of its petals refers to the five wounds of Christ and its three colors evoke the Holy Trinity.

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

Well, parsley, an aphrodisiac? Who knew? In the Roman era, gladiators were given a daily portion of parsley to increase their strength and their combative spirit. Parsley was also found in the pot of any good witch: it was a love potion ingredient but was also used in the salve which every witch covered herself with to fly in the air. The so-called aphrodisiac substance contained in parsley is called apiol (or parsley camphor) and is more concentrated in the roots than in the leaves. It is supposed to procure strength and virility.

Introduction | THE INDOOR GARDENER Parsley leaves, however, are rich in vitamins A, B and C, so whether its stimulant effects are guaranteed or not, parsley is a healthy choice.

Peach and Peach Tree (Malum persicum and Prunus persica)

With its velvety skin lined with red and orange, its white or yellow flesh, perfumed, juicy and fleshy, the peach is clearly an aphrodisiac. For gluttons, this means peaches will satisfy their hunger and also strongly attract love.

Pear Tree (Pirus communis)

Symbolically, the pear tree encourages loving relationships. Is it because of its hard wood, used in woodwork and for wood sculptures that will last? From its fruit, the pear, we can make a very flavourful alcoholised beverage, perry [or poiré], as well as very fruity spirits.

Quassia (Quassia amara)

The quassia is a shrub from Guyana and the Antilles. Its bark, also called quassia, is bitter and used as a tonic in medicine (in Quintonine, among others, as a liquid alcoholic extract of wood).

Rhubarb (Rheum officinale)

We eat its floriferous stems, its petioles and its roots or rhizomes but not its leaves (highly toxic). It is delicious puréed or in a jam and is often associated with other fruits. It is laxative, astringent, tonic, bitter and refreshing. Its symbolic ensures a deep and faithful love.

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It is a blue alga from Mexico with proven aphrodisiac properties. It can easily be found in health food stores.

Truffle (Tuber uncinatum)

Truffles can be an appreciated sexual aid, and more simply so than many foods on our tables. It is important to note, however, that the more truffles are consumed, the less efficient they are; this is also true for ginger, nettles, nutmeg, cloves, rosemary, cinnamon, vanilla, savoury, pepper, mint, celery, coriander, oysters and fish soft roe.

Periwinkle (Vinca major)

The pink trumpet tree’s wood is used in Brazil and the Antilles to treat skin problems such as acne and psoriasis. It is also used to affirm one’s power on the loved one. And it makes his or her acne vanish as a bonus!

Spirulina (Spirulina maxima)

The legend is that in the middle of the Renaissance, François the First ate one truffle, and only one, before naming it a regal dish. The truffle did not need more help – it left the satanic world and entered that of the gods.

The peony symbolically ensures the protection of a long-lasting love. It is also a synonym of sincerity. Its Latin name, “Paeonia” means more or less “able to heal”. Peonies are particularly helpful to heal the scalp and are thus frequently used in shampoos.

Pink Trumpet Tree (Tabebuia rosea)

Smilax, like Siberian ginseng, contains phytohormones. Smilax has been used for a very long time in Central and South America, as a sexual stimulant for men. It is Peyo’s Smurfs’ favourite plant, the best treat for the little blue men!

Its name comes from the Latin Tuber, which means tumour, growth, and swelling. It is a black mushroom with a verrucous skin—so black that in the Middle-Ages it was given a satanic image.

Peony (Paeonia officinalis)

The periwinkle is a delicate flower that does not hold into a bouquet once picked and immediately falls off its calyx. It evokes melancholy and the maxim: “I can only think of you”. It allegedly favorises marriage. Its Vinca minor variety (lesser or common periwinkle), is supposed to thin the blood and improve memory and concentration. This is due to vincamine, one of its alkaloids, which improves the synthesis of dopamine.

Sarsaparilla or Smilax (Smilax aspera)

Red-Bush (Aspalathus linearis or Rooibos)

South Africa’s national drink, Rooibos tea is made using the aerial parts of a broomlike local shrub, the red-bush or wild rooibos (in Afrikaans). The tea has been made for centuries by the native populations of the high mountains north of Cape Town. Its sweet and fruity taste and its red color induce release and relaxation. The plant is enjoying a growing success on the alternative and vegetarian scenes—I once had the pleasure of savouring a rooibos ice cream in an excellent vegetarian restaurant on Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles. Delicious and aphrodisiac!

Wasabi (Wasabia japonica)

A good natural aphrodisiac for women, wasabi is nothing but Japanese horseradish. It acts as a natural stimulant and increases blood circulation in the body. A bit of wasabi in your salad can also stimulate the nerves of the body.

Yucca (Yucca elephantipes)

This plant is a synonym of secret fervour, and of love given until death... In Black Magic, the Keepers of the Luciferian Order use it in incense because “it allows one to pierce all mysteries, encourages prescience and artistic gifts.”



Doktor Doom New Product Profile

and Announce: SunBlaster Lighting introduces a new dynamic duo. The reengineered T5 High Output Self Ballasted Lamp & the NanoTech T5 Reflector. The most advanced T5HO lighting system available today. The end result? You will grow even bigger, healthier plants faster.

Even we were amazed by their performance. SunBlaster Lighting engineers incorporated the most advanced reflective surface available in the manufacturing process of this reflector. Made possible only through the application of Nanotechnology, this revolutionary reflective surface has the ability to capture lost light, and simultaneously convert that light into the brightest, most brilliant light we have ever produced! The metallic crystal layer within the reflective surface helps spread the T5 light across the plant canopy diffusing it deep into the plant foliage. The NanoTech T5 reflector captures 99.9% of previously lost light while increasing lumen availability up to 300%. To top it off, they made mounting it so easy. It simply snaps on! Now accepting pre-orders of both the New T5HO, and the NanoTech T5 Reflector. Contact: Future Harvest Development Phone (toll free): 1-866-491-0255 E-mail:

It’s back!

The much anticipated and very versatile Doktor Doom 70 Gram Fogger. The 70 Gram Fogger from Doktor Doom is ideal for use in smaller growing areas up to 2500 cubic feet (L x W x H = Cubic Feet). Doktor Doom Foggers are great to use in areas with Plants up to 3 days before harvest. Doktor Doom Foggers should be used in conjunction with either Doktor Doom Spider Mite Knockout or Doktor Doom Botanic’s Plant Spray = The Doktor Doom One-Two Punch for Spider Mite Elimination. Look for Doktor Doom application tip sheets at your favorite indoor gardening centre or download from available in English, French, Spanish and Vietnamese. Doktor Doom Foggers are made with Pyrethrin which is a naturally occurring insecticide from the Chrysanthemum Flower. Pyrethrin is approved for Organic gardening (refer to OMRI for more information). Pyrethrin kills insects on contact and biologically decomposes in a couple of hours after exposure to sunlight, humidity and airflow leaving no residues on Plants. Pyrethrin is so effective that only a light mist on Plants is required to kill insects. Doktor Doom Foggers, Doktor Doom Botanic’s Plant Spray and Doktor Doom Spider Mite Knockout all kill Thrips too.

Natural & Organic Happy Frog® = Happy Plants Perfect for houseplants and container gardens, Happy Frog® Potting Soil is leaps and bounds above the rest. With composted forest humus, sphagnum peat, perlite, earthworm castings, bat guano, mycorrhizae, humic acid and more, this great organic mix sets the stage for healthy plant development. Happy Frog Potting Soil is fine-screened and ready-to-use. Look for two-cubic foot bags of Happy Frog Potting Soil at your favourite local gardening center.

GroWall 24 Units

Invented in the late 1980’s by Mario Roy, this system of vertical hydroponic cultivation was baptized GroWall only in 1998. It is designed to help maximize your grow-room lighting settings. Make more than to triple your harvests by using all the walls available to build a vertical farming system that allows cultivating 8 m² in a small space (occupying just 2 m² on the ground). One can easily combine 4 of those “walls” to get this kind of vertical cultivation setup (allowing one to produce 8 m ² of plants on a surface on the ground of just 2 m²)! You can also use the GroWall as an architectural element in your garden to create herbal walls of decorative plants. Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 13

The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly By Jim Fritz

Dragonfly (Anisoptera)


Integrated Pest Management

“Bugs! Bugs! Bugs!” These were the very first words that I spoke as a child. My mother had sat me on a large flat rock in the middle of a very small stream somewhere in the State of Minnesota. Incredibly I can remember the event, I remember seeing a pool of water with Water Skippers scattering across the surface. My Mom had pointed them out by saying: “Bugs, Jimmy!” I can remember looking at her and repeating the words “Bugs! Bugs! Bugs!” Now as a master gardener and many years later I understand why… I would admonish parents to watch closely as to what type of language and behavior they expose their young children to I am sure that the very young DO REMEMBER! Some Organic Solutions against Insects I have experimented with all of the chemicals as I have worked for many years as a greenhouse grower, and still as a master gardener I have returned to our natural organics as my final analysis! Pyrethrum, Rotenone, Rayania (derived from a tropical plant), Bacillus thuringiensis (or Bt), Soap Flakes, Tea of Nicotine, and Stale Beer make excellent insecticides and controls for all gardens as well as C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S.© gardening (see The Indoor Gardener Vol.6-2, September/October 2010, pages 24-26). Another interesting application of solar energy could be the recharging batteries used in Dust Buster Vacuums used for insect control. A handheld Dust Buster can be used for gathering ants from ant hills as well as gathering aphids from infected leaves. Ant habits dictate that they gather their food supply “away” from the nest. The workers may be suctioned into the vacuum and taken far away from the nest or exterminated! I personally opt for the first option, as all things deserve a chance at life. To discourage their return you may grate fresh lemon or sour orange peel at the entrance to the nest. Strong vinegar poured into the hole will also discourage their return. To walk gently on the Earth requires that we do least injury possible. We as a nation should change our attitudes! And more controls like the vacuum option should be used first especially for the hobbyist gardener. In successive order I treat with the least caustic approach first. Even those ants have a unique Right to life, and I’m sure could make some predator a much happier individual! It seems the more I become attuned to the Earth, the less I have to opt for that last drastic measure! No! Not all knowledge is gained from a book; much is to be said for the keen eye, and meditative thoughtful observation! Where are those ants foraging? Follow that trail. Lay traps. What time of

Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)

day are they feeding? Is feeding heavier on warm days? With time there comes mastery! Something no spoken word can convey. It’s the accumulation of experiences gained only through the passing of time can convey Put hot pepper in the anthill, spray with Pyrethrum, spray with strong soapsuds, spray with strong tea of tobacco. You may prepare it like Sun Tea, only wrap a plug of red man in a women’s nylon hose, or cigarette butts in a nylon hose, add a few drops of detergent to act as spreader-sticker. Tea of tansy is also very appropriate to deter sugar ants. So many organic solutions need a little time to work. When a problem is noticed, be sure to apply more than just 1 application. Apply the remedy often and after every rain. Use spreader stickers in rainy climes. Companion Planting can even be practiced in C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. culture. Borage, Basil, Marigold, Wormwood, even Tansy may be grown with C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. system. Nearly all shallow rooted plants do well. The best carrots are the globe types, and the Stacking Bags will give you a bed to raise a deep-rooted item. To protect them, you might include the wild African Pyrethrum ‘Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium’ daisy for your source of organic insecticide. Try George Parks Seeds from Greenwoods in South Carolina. Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 15

Integrated Pest Management | THE INDOOR GARDENER

The Dirty Two Dozens!

1. Cabbage Root Maggot

White larvae of a fly that eats roots of the cole crops (members of the Cruciferae) family. Controlled by placing collars of construction paper. Or toilet paper rolls split and placed around stems or tin foil around stems to prevent egg laying. Scratch Rotenone into soil around plant.

2. Colorado Potato Beetles

Black and yellow striped beetles. Red larvae eat leaves of tomatoes potatoes, egg plant. Control by hand picking, hand held vacuum or Rotenone.

3. Aphid

Come in assorted colors of pink black, green or yellow and suck vital juices from young leaves and stems. Spray with strong jet of water daily. Vacuum with handheld vacuum. Spray with nicotine tea, or soap solution. Pyrethrum, Rotenone dust or Sabadilla dust (product made from ground seeds from a South American plant) are also effective.

4. Army Worms

Are yellow green to grey green larvae of a brownish gray moth. They attack young plants and tend to feed in-groups. Control with Bacillus thuringiensis, hand-picking or vacuum. Usually no need for chemicals. Quassia spray is also recommended. (No harm to beneficial insects).

5. Cabbage Looper

Green caterpillar also known as inch worms. They feed on broccoli and cabbage family plants. Controls are Rotenone, Bacillus thuringiensis, hand picking or vacuum. Sabadilla dust or Quassia spray are also effective (no harm to beneficial insects).

6. Corn Ear Worm

Larvae eat corn kernels, starting at the tip end and also green tomatoes. To control apply mineral oil with a turkey baster to the inside of the silk end. Bacillus thuringiensis may be added to oil for added control also Rayania spray or Sabadilla dust.

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7. Mexican Bean Beetle

Reddish yellow with black spots in adult stage. The Young larvae are yellow. These insects feed on the underside of bean leaves, eating all but the veins. Control with Pyrethrum, Handpicking or vacuums. Use chemicals like Sevin or Malathion in severe cases.

8. Spider Mites

Tiny creatures related to spiders, invisible to the naked eye, it is easier to see their fine webs that they make on the undersides of leaves. Hard to control. Repeat treatments often as soon as you notice damage. Controls include spraying leafs with a strong jet of water, tobacco tea made by brewing plugs of Red Man Chew in a nylon stocking inside a gallon jar in sunshine. Add a few drops of detergent as a spreader sticker.

9. Rose Chafer

Tan in color, these beetles eat leaves, flowers and fruits, like raspberries, blackberries and grapes and strawberries are all affected. Usually occur east of Rockies. Control by hand-picking, vacuums or spray with Pyrethrum or Rotenone.

10. Snails and Slugs

Both are classified as mollusks. Devour leaves and seedlings. They feed at night and on cloudy days, you’re hand picking in that time frame! Place snails in jar of vinegar, it will dissolve shells and keep the meat of from stinking. Lift C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. bags on hot day in early stage, because they will be hiding underneath. Trap in pie tin, that you buried at soil line level, and filled with stale beer: they crawl in and die. Perlite dust spread on ground will also discourage them.

11. Strawberry Root Weevil

Feed on roots, chew leaves in strawberries drench soil. Control with Sevin solution. Remains difficult to control.

12. Thrips

Common on onions. White streaks in leaves is first sign. Control with Rotenone, Pyrethrum and soap or Triazide.


13. Squash Bugs

Squash, pumpkins, gourds and melons are all affected.

Integrated Pest Management

19. Grasshopper

Hand pick, vacuum, or remove brown egg masses from plants. Spray with soap, Pyrethrum combination, Rotenone, or Sabadilla dust.

They eat the day on leaves. Hand pick on cool mornings when they are sluggish. Use Triazide or Sevin if a bad infestation. Spray with Pyrethrum, then hand pick before they revive and kill them in a bottle of alcohol.

14. Squash Vine Borer

20. Leafhoppers

Moth Borer bores into vine and provokes dramatic wilting results. Many times you can find the entrance hole and carefully, “surgically” remove the worm. Give the plant more water till it recovers or pulled from the ground. Wrap the wound with a Band-Aid.

15. White Fly

Very small insects that gather in great numbers under leaves. Beans and tomatoes are especially susceptible! Insects fly away in a cloud when disturbed, but quickly return to the same plant. Control by spraying soapsuds and Pyrethrum combined on undersides of leaves. Use Rotenone and Malathion only as a last resort. Hang yellow plastic dishes smeared with molasses or Vaseline near the infected plants, clean with hot water and reuse.

16. Wire Worms

Click Beetle (also called «elaters») larvae are sometimes in lawns, where they damage roots. Dig in Triazide or solar sterilize soil in C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. bags.

17. Leaf Cutter Ants —Garden Ants

Red and Black Ants may be controlled by spreading Lemon or sour orange peels grated around their hole, very strong soap suds can discourage, Pyrethrum or Allethrin may be sprayed on them directly. Hand held vacuums them and then release far away Clorox in the hole. Or ant traps.

18. Tomato Hornworm

A large Green Caterpillar. Larvae of the Monarch Butterfly. Hand pick and maybe move to a milkweed host far away or treat with Bacillus thuringiensis. Will destroy their stomach lining!

Looks like a large white fly, but when disturbed they fly to a new location unlike white flies. Control with soapsuds mixed with Pyrethrum— wash off spray after an hour or so.

21. Cucumber Beetles

Greenish yellow oval shaped with black spots or stripes. Feed on cucumber, squash and melons. Control with Rotenone, Pyrethrum. Hand pick or vacuum with dust buster. Sabadilla dust

22. Cutworms

Live in soil, feed at ground level, cut off plants and feed on lower leaves. Use solar sterilized C.U.B.A.N.E.G.S. bags, exposing both side of bags until sterile. Hand pick and use of cutworm bait.

23. Harlequin Bug

Black with orange-red markings, these sucking insects can kill plants. Hand pick or vacuum or use Pyrethrum and then hand pick. Nicotine tea can discourage them.

24. Flea Beetle

Black, yellow or green. Jumps like fleas. Chews holes in leaves. Larvae feed on roots, potatoes and other crops. Rotenone and Pyrethrum are good controls.

You may boil and seep the dry flowers and stems of the wild African Pyrethrum Daisy into a strong tea, then add half of that portion of water to it, Then add a few drops of dish washing detergent to act as a spreader sticker. Strain this liquid through coffee filters and then use as bug infestations occur. Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 17

Indoor Daffodil Cultivation By Frank Nyikos

You may or may not know this about me but I have three primary plant passions. I have a moderately large hosta and daylily collection. My third passion is daffodils. In between each and every hosta and daylily is a daffodil. I have a serious problem with plant addiction. Daffodils make superb container plants for the indoor gardener. I find the flowers and the scent to be enough to bring on spring fever. They are much easier to grow in a container than one would think. There are only a few rules one needs to observe for these carefree flowers. Daffodil require a cold period prior to sprouting and blooming. Many people in central to northern California and northern Florida are able to pot up their bulbs and leave them outside where the cold but not freezing temperatures allow the bulbs to produce roots but otherwise remain dormant. This is the ideal way for these folks to grow and appreciate this flower. The ground temperature in these locations is not sufficiently cold enough to grow daffodil traditionally in the ground. For me in central Indiana where we have a good four months with temperatures well below freezing, I am able to pot up my bulbs in the fall and put them to bed in the middle of a leaf pile until I desire to bring them inside to enjoy for some late winter color and aromatherapy. For the strictly indoor gardener a bit of improvisation is required. This is where you will have to decide if you really want to use your

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vegetable crisper drawers in your refrigerator for their intended use or to use the drawers for some selfish indulgence. Personally I feel that the daffodil deserve the space. If you also decide you really want this too then you will need to alter the process of potting up your bulbs just a bit. I am sure you really will not want to have pots of dirt in your refrigerator all winter. The first time you need to water them and get excess drainage all over the stored food I am sure your significant other will serve notice. Do not fret there is another alternative. This is to store the bare bulbs in a zip lock bag or sealed container without potting them. This is a bit more difficult in that you will have to keep an eye on them. They need protection from the continuous drying that happens naturally from the refrigerator. Yet, if they are kept too airtight they will succumb to rotting. It helps to puncture the container with some holes and to check frequently to make sure that any built up condensation does not cause a problem. The cool period for a daffodil is a minimum of six weeks prior to forcing the bulb to sprout. The best amount of time is to wait until you notice some very early cultivars trying to poke their heads up outside. For me, this is about the end of January through about the middle of February during a brief out of season relaxation from


winter. I have forced bulbs as early as about the beginning of January though. I like the February date a bit more because I have the space to store the pot outside in a protected location after they have bloomed in the house. The second requirement is the pot itself. The strategy here is to find one that allows enough root space for the bulb. You only need about the length of the bulb worth of soil to cover the bulb. You will need about two or three times the length of the bulb worth of soil below the seated bulb. The roots on a daffodil are about twice the length of the bulb. I like to give them the third length distance below so that excess water does not collect too close to the bulb as well as to keep the roots from poking out the bottom of the container. So, the depth of the pot should be at least four or five times the length of the bulb. The horizontal dimensions can be determined in a similar way. You will want to make sure that there is a diameter of the bulb worth of distance away from the wall of the pot before spacing the bulb. Do this by holding one bulb as you would in the planting position placed against the wall. Then place the bulb you want to plant right next to the one used to measure. To place the next bulb and the rest in the pot, you will want to leave one bulb worth of distance empty before placing the next bulb. It may happen that some large bulbs will require their own container.

Tips & Tricks

After the flowers have faded you will need to let the foliage get as much light as you can for a good six weeks minimum. This will allow the bulb to store food for the next growing season. Once you have let the foliage grow until you can’t stand looking at them anymore, you can stop watering. Even if the pot has been placed outside to grow and harden off then simply turn the pot on its side. The idea is to let the pot dry out so the bulb goes dormant again. Daffodil need this drying period as part of their growing cycle as much as they need to go through a cold period before blooming again. You will not be able to keep the foliage green much past two or three months anyway. Now, you can repeat the whole process with these bulbs next winter. I have found that a couple of years in the same container without re-potting works well. The fun part of the process is to find some beautiful bulbs to grow. There are a number of suggested sources located through the American Daffodil Society home page. I recommend the Division 7 bulbs for scent and color and quantity of bloom. My personal favorite is Stratosphere. Another one is Finch which produces a nice amount of beautiful rich yellow small flowers. You may find other divisions more to your liking.

I can usually place four to six medium sized bulbs in a two gallon container if this helps you to guess at what size pot to start with. It really does not matter that much what type of container you use. I myself like to use the clay pots because they breathe better than glazed ceramic or plastic containers. Placing the soil into to container is just a bit different than most house plants. Since you are growing this bulb for the flower it is really a good idea to include really low nitrogen and a moderate phosphorous and potassium fertilizer below the bulb. Some like to scatter the fertilizer in a layer below where the bulb will sit. I myself like to mix it together in the bottom of the container. You just do not want the bulb to sit directly on this fertilizer. The Peace of Mind series of plant food by the Fox Farm people make a special bulb blend that is perfect for this. And, this brand contains mycorrhizae too. A scant ¼ cup of this blend should be enough for a two gallon size pot. It is sometimes hard to find the potassium needed for bulbs if you choose to add the phosphorous and potassium separately. If you cannot find the potassium chloride or potassium sulfate then just use some steamed bone meal and forget about the potassium. You can always add some green sand and kelp meal with the steamed bone meal and be OK. Then top off the container with the rest of your good potting mix. I like to conjure up my own potting mix. I have found that about three parts perlite combined with one part of coir fiber and one part worm castings to be a great potting mix. If you use a prepared soil mix I recommend not skimping and use a decent blend that contains perlite. The perlite is great for holding water as well as encouraging optimum levels of oxygen in the soil. The true enemy of the daffodil is standing water. Nothing is more terminal to these plants than too much water. Once the foliage has begun to come up you can top dress the pot with a well balanced fertilizer. You should not need to add more fertilizer for the season after this.

But, the smaller multi-floral ones seem to work best for containers. These tend to be Divisions 5, 6 and 7. The Division 8 Tazetta’s are also nice but this division can sometimes be hard to find. For those of you in extreme cold locations growing some of the Division 5’s and 6’s in containers may be your only option as these can sometimes be cold temperature sensitive. If you want to see what your flower will look like you can take advantage of the American Daffodil Societies link to their Daff Seek location. Simply type in the name and the image comes up. This society has a great website that will give you hours of winter time enjoyment. If it is late in the season, as it is now, you may have no choice except to try your hand with the bulbs you should be able to find at the local nursery or home and garden hardware store packaged for disposable container growing. Many nurseries specializing in daffodil stop shipping by mid to late fall. These paperwhite daffodils in the department stores may not be bulbs you would normally choose. But, they will at least give you a chance to try your hand at growing daffodil bulbs in containers. Should you kill these department store bulbs then it will not be as hard a lesson than if you chose a special bulb first to experiment with. Spring is just around the corner! Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 19


Fifth Contribution from our April/May Writing Contest Winner

The Geek Gardener:

How to Finish Your Plants under Natural Light By Émile Lestrange Hello again from the Geek Gardener corner! Whether growing a couple of late-season plants in pots on a balcony or windowsill, or amongst other crops like tomatoes and corn in a garden plot, the small-time urban plant grower is often faced with a dilemma, come flowering time in late Summer: something seems to be delaying the onset of flowering… or causing the plants to elongate, with disappointing, wispy flowers that seem to take forever to mature. This problem often has a simple, yet often overlooked cause: excessive ambient light.

As many stargazers know, there is a steady, inescapable ambient glow in wellpopulated areas at night, created by innumerable light sources. For most varieties of monoecious lateseason plants, this lack of complete darkness during the night may be interfering with the natural cues that help your plants’ internal clocks keep accurate time, telling them when to flower.

Nocturnal ambient light throws off a plant’s notion of time and interferes with the maturation process. What You Need: • a large box;

• Mylar sheets;

• and/or dark-coloured sheets.

Step 1:

To avoid this annoyance, you have to figure out a way to keep your plants in total darkness for 11 to 12 hours every night, and maintaining an uninterrupted schedule is crucial.

Step 2:

One way to do this, if your plants are in pots and small enough, is to build a box just large enough to contain them, with a cover that goes on at, say 8:00 p.m., and comes off at 8:00 a.m., for a full 12 hours of sleep time.

Step 3:

Another solution is to cover all monoecious plants with lightweight, dark-coloured sheets.

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Step 4:

If for any reason, you are unable to completely cover your plants, at least attempt to minimize the source of light pollution: eliminate unnecessary outdoor light fixtures, and create shields to keep them out of direct light from lampposts and such.

Step 5:

Before harvesting, check out your outdoor plants carefully. You glance over at your beloved plantation one afternoon and discover you’ve been invaded by alien beings with insidious intentions.

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Tips & Tricks

Easy-Roll Reflector Hangers

Easy-roll hangers make life easy when it comes to hanging your reflectors. Simply lift the reflector gently and it will automatically lock into place. Adjustable tension and a maxium load of 10kg per pair of easy roll hangers. Can also be used to hang adjustable Mylar and other grow room equipment.

Before you panic, peruse the Web for “Integrated Pest Management”. Bio and secure for your health, you’ll find the most effective and environmentally-friendly ways to eliminate your pesky visitors.

Step 6:

Misting your plants with water is very good for them because it helps to clean out the pores in the leaves (stomata), allowing for better respiration. You’re going to want to try not to do it while the sun is intense or when the lights are powered up though. The water droplets can act like little magnifying glasses and focus the light, burning your leaves. Try not to do it just as the lights come on or as they are about to go off (you don’t need to worry under fluorescents). Outdoors misting plants should be done in the early morning or later in the evening. It’s a good habit to get into every day, provided your room isn’t too humid or rainy at your outdoor plot.

In conclusion

While enjoying your crops and waiting to harvest, check out your favourite radio show/radio stations (I personally recommend, and let it play at night for your plants. A long running music program is good for your plants while they’re in the dark! They will show it to you in the morning… when you will take off those dark-coloured Mylar sheets. Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 21


Steampunk Horticulture

– Sir Jagadish Bose Crescograph By Pete Kovachevich


Aloha! As per my usual, I have some deepness for you this month about a well-known scientist named Sir Jagadish Chandra (or ‘Chunder’) Bose, M.A., D.Sc., LL.D., F.R.S., C.S.I., C.I.E (Director of the Bose Institute, Calcutta). Sir Jagdish Bose was born in Munshiganj District in Bengal (now in Bangladesh) on November 30, 1858. He died on November 23, 1937 (aged 78) in Giridih, Bengal Presidency, India. His groundbreaking contribution to the world of radio waves and wireless technology is what most people know him for, but his work in botany and horticulture is relatively unknown however intensely profound.

what they are now, yet Bose managed to create, learn and innovate unlike anyone since. Building one of these devices seems like an impossible task, but I must admit, I’m intrigued to try and understand its components and usefulness. Imagine being able to determine right after giving your plants a new product, exactly how effective or not effective it is. As far as I know, we still don’t have a device like this. I will make sure and let you know as soon as one appears. Chickpea (Cicer arietinum)

Bose came up with a device called the Crescograph which allows one to see the effects of stimuli to plants in as fast as 15 minutes. At first I was skeptical as Bose was known to be a science-fiction writer as well as a scientist. After doing some extended research, I found some incredible photos scanned in by someone who found his books in an old government library. Bose’s science is accurate and inspirational! What amazes me the most is that this science is from the late 1800’s when research and resources were a hundred times less then

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Mimosa (Mimosa pudica)


In the 1970’s I read the book “The Secret Life of Plants” (by Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird). An interesting reference was made to the research of Sir Jagadish Bose, founder of the Bose Research Institute in Calcutta, India. I searched the antique and rare bookstore in northern New England and several University libraries for books on this with no luck. Little did I know that the complete set of books of the Bose Research Institute were less than a half a mile away! I was stationed at Hanscom Air Force Base at the time. There’s a great library there, the Hanscom AFB Geophysical Research Library. If you are a government employee, US military member or work for a government contractor you can get in. One day I dropped by to check it out, and there on the second floor on a shelf near the door at the top of the front stairs found the complete set of his books. I think I was the first person to even open them as they had that new book feel. I photocopied the most important parts on the measurement of the growth rate of plants and filed it away. The info sat in my filing cabinet for over 20 years until now. Sir Jagadish Bose had developed a method of measuring the growth rate of plants in very short time spans. Rather than having to wait for days, weeks, or even months to see if a change one had made in the environment or nutrition of a plant you could see the results in 15 minutes! This could be especially helpful in hydroponic growing as you could fine tune the nutrients and trace elements to get maximum growth rate.


Sir Jagadish Bose was far ahead of his time in knowledge and research. He and his institute deserve the proper recognition from the rest of the world that has been a long time coming. All I can say is why aren’t more of us looking to create exciting new ways to understand our plants? This guy used the crudest of resources and managed to achieve so much. Science and Knowledge will take us closer to perfecting our crops than anything else guys! As a reader has commented on my blog: “Everyone should read The Secret Life of Plants! Not only did Bose contribute such advanced thinking in the field of botany, but many other lesser known scientists and botanists. – (Auzlife)” So, have a great experience reading this, and rig up an innovation for me (1-866-PGS-GROW). Here is what I found (I reproduce below the figures that best represent the diverse experiences of Sir Jagadish Bose, leading to the invention of the Crescograph): Apparatus for automatic record of movement of trees and plants (T, differential metallic thermometer; R, recording lever for temperature; R1, for recording plant movement; C, clockwork for oscillation of recording plate. The same clock-work moves plate laterally in 24 hours).

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Discovery | THE INDOOR GARDENER Diagrammatic representation of the complete apparatus for determination of diurnal variation of excitability. Petiole of Mimosa, attached by thread to one arm of lever L; writing index W traces on smoked glass plate G, the responsive fall and recovery of leaf. A, primary, and S, secondary, of induction coil. Exciting shock passes through the plant by electrodes E, E’. A, accumulator. C, clockwork for regulating duration of tetanizing shock. Primary circuit of coil completed by plunging rod, V, dipping into cup of mercury M. (* see also Bose,—The Diurnal Variation of Motoexcitability in Mimosa—Annals of Botany, Oct. 1913.

The Oscillator. Electromagnet M, M’, periodically magnetized by completion of electric current by clockwork C. Periodic attraction of soft iron armature A moves attached glass plate G to left, making thereby electric contact with writer.

Automatic apparatus for recording germination of seeds (H, seed-holder; S, seed; C, wet cotton dipped in water; P, aluminium pan attached by silk thread T to short arm of recording lever L).

Record of germination of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum). Successive dots at intervals of 12 minutes; magnification 15 times.

Arrangements for recording respiratory activity of germinating seed (S, seed container; B, beaker containing water for irrigating the seed; J, glass jar containing sodium hydroxide solution; M, manometer; F, iron float attached to the recording lever L by silk thread T).

24 | Volume 6 – Issue 5

The Automatic Respirograph. (R, respiratory chamber; P, plant-material for determination of its rate of respiratory; B, bubbler with mercury valve M. Inflow of oxygen into the respiratory chamber lifts the mercury valve, producing bubbles, the number of which is automatically recorded by electromagnetic writer. E, pair of electrodes completing the external circuit of the mercury valve. O, oxygen chamber holding purified oxygen. The gas is maintained at atmospheric pressure. A, automatic recorder). Enlarged view of the Bubbler. (A projecting lateral branch communicates oxygen supply with respiratory chamber. E, the ends of the pair of platinum electrodes, short-circuited by the lifting of the mercury valve M. P, the posterior arm for communication with the oxygen chamber). Complete apparatus for investigation of the variation of conducting power in Mimosa. (A, storage cell; S, potentiometer slide, which, by alternate movement to right or left, continuously increases or decreases the applied E. M. F.; K, switch key for putting current “on” and “off ” without variation of resistance; E, E’, electrodes of induction coil for stimulation; C, choking coil; G, micro-ammeter). Compound lever. (P, plant attached to short arm of lever L; T, weight exerting tension; C, connecting link; L’, second lever with bent tip for record; B, B’, balancing counterpoise. Fork F, carries at its side two conical agate cups, on which lever rests by two pin-points). (From a photograph). This particular contrivance consists of an eccentric rod actuated by a rotating wheel. A cylindrical rod is supported eccentrically, so that semi-rotation of the eccentric causing a pull on the crank K (see the figure below) pushes the plate. Eccentric for oscillation of plate. (K, crank; S, slide; P, holder for glass plate G; A, adjusting screws; L, recording lever; Clock releases string C for lateral movement of the plate). (From a photograph).


Complete apparatus. (P, plant; S, micrometer screw for raising or lowering the plant; C, clockwork for periodic oscillation of plate; W, rotating wheel; V, cylindrical plant-chamber). (From a photograph).

Crescographic records: (A) Successive records of growth at intervals of one second (magnification 10,000 times). (a) Effect of temperature on a stationary plate. (N, normal rate of growth; C, retarded rate under cold; H, enhanced rate under warmth). (b) record of moving plate, where diminished slope of curve denotes retarded rate under cold. (Magnification 2,000 times). High Magnification Automatic Recorder for growth of roots. Detached aerial root suitably held by clamps C and C’. Active region of growth R is held from above by clamp C’ which can be adjusted up or down by micrometer screw S. Tip of root presses against a suspended aluminium pan P, attached at a short distance from fulcrum of first lever L. The recording lever L’ records growth-elongation on oscillating smoked glass plate G. W and W’, counterpoises for approximate balancing of long arm of levers. Arrangement for compensation of growthmovement by equal subsidence of plant-holder; S, adjusting screw for regulation of speed of rotation; G, governor; W, heavy weight; P, plantholder. From a photographic reproduction of the Balanced Crescograph. (L, L’, magnifying compound lever; R, recording plate; P, plant; C, clockwork for oscillation of the plate and lateral movement; G, governor; M, circular growth-scale; V, plant-chamber).


Crescograph. (P, plant; C, clockwork for periodic oscillation of recording smoked glass plate G; S, S’, micrometer screws; K, crank; R, eccentric; W, rotating wheel).

Record showing the effect of carbonic acid gas on growth. Horizontal line at the beginning indicates balanced growth. Application of carbonic acid gas induces enhancement of growth, shown here by up-curve, followed by depression, exhibited by down-curve. Successive dots at intervals of ten seconds. The Nyetitropic* Recorder with four writing levers. The flower pots are placed in a trough filled with water to a constant height. The first two levers are shown in the figure to record movements of leaves, the third one records movement of a horizontally laid shoot; the fourth lever attached to a differential thermometer, T, records diurnal variation of temperature. (*or sleep movements of leaves and cotyledons). The Magnification Crescograph. (Plant P, attached to first lever; second lever records successive dots of growth elongation on smoked glass G, kept oscillating by clockwork C. Adjustment of reading point is made by making plant move up or down by rack and pitch (one-fourth normal size).) Method of obtaining torsional response. Stimulation of the first sub-petiole to the left induces left-handed, and of the fourth sub-petiole, a right-handed torsion. Stimulation of the second subpetiole induces a rapid downmovement, that of the third sub-petiole, a slow up-movement. For record of rectilinear movement, the hooked support is removed. Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 25

Discovery | THE INDOOR GARDENER Botanical Curiosity

María Pastora

(or ‘Leaves of the Shepherdess’) Experimental method for obtaining response to mechanical stimulus by resistivity variation. P and Q are lengths of plant which form two arms of the Bridge, of which P alone is subjected to torsional vibration by means of the revolving eccentric F., worked by clockwork, C. The two other arms of the Bridge, R and S, are formed by the rheostat with sliding contact, seen below. I hope you all had a great experience with this, and don’t forget to read more from me on my blog. I have over 20 years of experience in indoor horticulture and very much enjoy writing about it. I am meticulous with my research and always use references to my sources when necessary. You can also call me at 1-866-PGS-GROW. Source: steampunk-horticulture-sir-jagadish-bosecrescograph

Editor’s Note: All of the 22 figures featured in this article are taken from the book Growth and Tropic Movements of Plants, by Sir Jagadish C. Bose, Longmans, Green, and Co., London, New York, Toronto, Bombay, and Calcutta, 1929, 448 pages. They are shown in the same order as they appear in the book: i.e. fig. 2, 14, 15, 20, 21, 27, 29, 30, 45, 56, 57, 58, 59, 64, 93, 94, 109, 112, 190, 236, 264, and 303. The complete book can be downloaded free of charge as a PDF file at: growthtropicmove00bose.

26 | Volume 6 – Issue 5

By T. Lyttle

People everywhere are talking about this Mexican botanical curiosity. It’s a member of the mint family called Salvia divinorum, or just Salvia for short. Through word-ofmouth and a couple of recent books, Salvia has skyrocketed into a worldwide phenomenon. There are Salvia workshops, Salvia newsletters, and Salvia films, etc. Its scientific name is Latin for “diviner’s sage”. Originally from the remote highlands of Mexico, Salvia was traditionally used by Mazatec shamans for bringing healing effects—these effects are legendary. Mexican shamans, or “curanderos”, call it “Yerba de Maria” (Herb of Maria), “María Pastora”, “Hojas de la Pastora” (Leaves of the Shepherdess) or simply “Ska Pastora.” Albert Hofmann and mycologist R. Gordon Wasson first encountered Salvia in the Sierra Mazateca Mountains in Mexico in 1962. They saw the plant being used by Indians in all-night healing rituals called “veladas”. Candles and copal incense were lit and pairs of Salvia leaves were laid out for both researchers, with the shaman judging the dose. Prayers and oaths came next, followed by chants and poetry. Albert Hofmann, working for Sandoz Labs, analyzed Salvia’s chemistry but was unable to find any active ingredient. It was identified only 40 years later.

“A mature Salvia plant stands three feet tall, and has leaves which are oval and dented along the edges. When the plant grows to 18 inches, white flowers appear in clusters. In older plants these flowers turn blue.”

Historically, Salvia is an infertile plant. According to botanists it stopped producing seeds a thousand years ago. Why this occurred has never been explained. Now, after 1,000 years, Salvia has started making seeds again, creating another riddle. Salvia, being the magical plant that it is, continues to work wonders beyond scientific explanation. A mature Salvia plant stands three feet tall, and has leaves which are oval and dented along the edges. When the plant grows to 18 inches, white flowers appear in clusters. In older plants these flowers turn blue. Salvia will grow outside of Mexico. Once quite rare, Salvia is now a citizen of the world thanks to networking among researchers. Salvia also does well in greenhouses, and is easy to take care of. Garden retailers will occasionally offer live Salvia plants for sale, due to its popularity. Cuttings, shoots, dried flowers and leaves are also available from a number of seed catalogues and nurseries. Today most of the world’s Salvia plants come from shoots and cuttings, which came from other cuttings going back a thousand years. A quick search of the Internet will tell you all you need to know, in case you’d like a pet Salvia plant of your own. With Salvia, there is plant-like intelligence at work here—if we listen closely, what wonders to behold.


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HOMEbox “S” Available in High-Reflective Silver Material since January 2011 By Denis (HOMEbox)

Our HOMEbox “S” is now available with the highly reflective silver material which characterizes the inside of our other HOMEboxes.


Natural Alternatives:

The Way to Pleasure By D. Rigeault (with M. Hernisos)

Natural Alternatives Welcome to Natural Alternatives. The purpose of this column is to introduce various alternatives and / or environmental projects or personalities that have influenced our attitudes and lifestyles. We must mobilise. Our planet is in danger and our very freedom is at stake. First we must open our minds. Then, we must become more aware of our surrounding. Finally, we must begin to do small things that will improve our world. And so on, one small thing at a time.

Becoming an Epicurean What is pleasure? In general, it is the satisfaction of a desire, a longing for something (for example eating a chocolate cake). But what is a desire? Nothing else than a discomfort and the representation of what can be done to satisfy it. Pleasure, therefore, would be the very removal of this discomfort. So, what we call pleasure would be only relief, loss of sensations such as hunger or sexual desire. If this is what you consider a pleasure, says Epicurus, it is not surprising that you are not happy! But then, what is pleasure, real pleasure? Nothing else, says Epicurus, than the absence of pain, which is the highest form of pleasure we can experience. Whenever we feel no pain, we are granted the pure joy of being, the pure pleasure of being alive...

Epicurus Maxims This special coating produces a more effective light distribution in the HOMEbox which already provides a higher light reflection factor than all other boxes on the market. This new HOMEbox also offers innumerable other options for indoor gardening. This new model of the HOMEbox “S” is available now. Visit: and

• “I am thrilled with pleasure in the body, when I live on bread and water, and I spit upon luxurious pleasures not for their own sake, but because of the inconveniences that follow them.” • “Any pleasure of the soul is ultimately a bodily pleasure.”

• “One can understand just how great a pleasure it is to be free of pain.”

• “Death does not concern us, because as long as we exist, death is not here. And when it does come, we no longer exist.” Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 27

Gardening Experiment | THE INDOOR GARDENER

A Tropical Adventure: Hydroponic Bananas

By Glenn Milbrand

An element of indoor gardening that I really appreciate is the endless options we have in regards to what types of plants we are able to grow. We can grow out of season flowering varieties to brighten our day, or vegetables to supply us with fresh produce throughout the year, and with some forward planning, we can even grow varieties of plants from different places and climates of the world.

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I came up with the thought of growing bananas, one cold and snowy day in the beginning of March. You see, I live in western New York State where the snowfall can get national attention, and a typical winter day’s high temperature is in the teens, or twenties. Not really gardening weather so to speak. Fortunately, for us indoor gardeners, we have the ability to override the natural weather cycle in our grow room environments allowing us to create any season, or any climate of any part of the world. With that, the beginning of my new gardening challenge, growing bananas (a tropical plant) with hydroponics, in the northeastern United States.


Gardening Experiment

A Little Background about the Banana Plant First a little background about the banana plant. The banana does not grow on tree, it grows from an herbaceous plant that consists of a corm in the ground, of which grows the trunk like pseudostem that is actually concentric layers of leaf sheaths. The leaves continually grow out of the top of the plant, making the plant taller and the pseudostem larger in diameter. After about 18 months of optimal growth, and producing approximately forty four leaves, the true stem of the plant will rapidly grow out from the center of the plant, of which develops one large oblong inflorescence. As the inflorescence opens, slim nectar rich flowers appear growing in whorled double rows of which the first five to fifteen rows are female, and those develop into the banana fruit. The size and number of fruits depends upon what species the plant is. The fruit is technically a berry and can grow from two to twelve inches long, and three quarter to two inches in diameter. Depending upon

the species, they can range in color from green, yellow or red. It may take up to four or five months for the bananas to develop once the inflorescence appears. Bananas are usually picked in the “green” stage and ripened after being removed from the

plant. Once the bananas are removed, the plant will no longer produce any more fruit, and is cut down at ground level. Throughout the growing stage of the banana plant, it is continually putting out shoots or “pups” that if left to grow will themselves grow to full size plants and bear fruit also, usually you should just leave one or two pups to grow so that you have a continual cycle of one plant nearing maturity, and another plant in the growing stage. All the other shoots should be removed as soon as they appear, so not to take water and nutrients away from your maturing plants. The culture of the banana plant is what I consider pretty basic, as it requires a well draining rich soil, with a soil pH between 5.5 and 6.5. The banana plant when being grown in optimum conditions, produces very large leaves that require a lot of water and they must be watered deeply and often. Care must be taken, as not to over water, for should the plant sit in standing water, then the roots and corm will rot. Banana plants, due to their rapid rate of growth, are also heavy feeders, and due to their rapid growth of rate, it is said that a mature plant will use 1.½ to 2 pounds of fertilizer a month and up to one to one and a half gallons of water per day. It is also recommended that a fertilizer high in nitrogen and phosphorus be used. Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 29

Gardening Experiment | THE INDOOR GARDENER

The banana plant is a tropical plant that is grown in tropical and sub tropical regions between the latitudes 30 N and 30 S. An acceptable climate for growing the banana plant has a mean temperature of 80ºF (26ºC), and a rainfall of 4 inches per month. The banana plant is not able to tolerate cold weather with growing coming to a halt when the temperature is at just 60ºF (15ºC). Should the plant experience a frost it will most surely kill the plant to the ground, with the under ground corm being able to tolerate temperatures as low as 20ºF (- 6ºC), and still be able to produce new growth. Should the plant experience a deep freeze then most likely the corm would die also. Now that we have some background on the requirements of growing a banana plant that will actually produces some edible bananas, we need to configure our growing setup, so to create the proper growing environment.

30 | Volume 6 – Issue 5

Growing Setups As with all indoor growing environments, we need to have control over the air qualities including, temperature, humidity, and CO2 content. With my set up I will control the temperature with a forced air furnace and exhaust venting to the outside, with fresh air being supplied through a partially opened window on the opposite side of the room.

humidity at 60% for the low, and 90% for the high. I feel that at these settings are very similar to a tropical type environment. In order to duplicate the well-drained soil and frequent watering requirements, I am using a drip irrigation set up with both grow rocks, and silica rock for the medium.

I will also use a humidifier to raise the humidity to the recommended level. I will control their operation with my greenhouse controller.

I have the irrigation cycle set for 16 minutes per hour on, and off for 44 minutes per hour. I can adjust this cycle to suit the plans growth. The banana plants large leaves will fold down together when dehydrated due to infrequent irrigation, giving me an easy tool for monitoring the irrigation cycle frequency.

My initial settings are; minimum temperature of 78ºF (25ºC), maximum temperature of 85ºF (29ºC). I will also set my CO2 generator to maintain a CO2 level of 750 to 800 ppm. I will maintain the

With the banana plant being a heavy feeder requiring large amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus, I am using a “grow” type formula and adding a calcium nitrate additive to increase the nitrogen content.

Gardening Experiment | THE INDOOR GARDENER

I am also mixing the concentration to maintain an EC of 2 to 2.5. As the plants near fruiting stage I will cut back on the added nitrogen and start adding a “bloom” enhancer with a increased phosphorus content. I am maintaining the pH between 5.5 and 6.0, and I am also heating the nutrient solution to maintain 75ºF (24ºC).

Light I continually come to the conclusion that it is nearly impossible to have too much light in my indoor grow room, and with the banana plant being from regions where the sunlight is very intense for most of the year that makes it even more true. I am using a 1,000 watt blue enhanced metal halide lamp over head, and I am also planning to add a couple of 150 or 200 watt CFL’s for side light. The metal halide light that I am using is putting out just over 3,500 foot candles, at 2 feet below the reflector. I must be careful with this lamp as to not allow it to be to close to the plants, and start burning the leaves. I am using a 16 hour on cycle at this time.

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A Little History on my Plants I bought these from an online nursery located in the state of Georgia, U.S.A. I ordered two varieties, a one year old Grand Nain, and a 6 month old Dwarf Cavandish, they both arrived as dormant, frost stressed, spider mite infested corms with dirt and dead plant material still attached. I planted both into a “Power Grower” with a mild strength grow formula and placed them into my indoor garden. After about two months they finally began to grow some shoots from the corms, as they grew I increased the nutrient concentration and increased the irrigation frequency. When summer arrived, and the outside night temperature was staying in the mid to upper 60ºF (55ºC), I placed the plants outside on my cement patio, where they would receive the sunlight all day long, and enjoy the heat that the cement absorbs. I adjusted the irrigation cycle to stay on continually day and night. The plants really enjoyed the hot summer weather, for they were putting out a new leaf every 4 to

5 days, with each new leaf being larger than the previous. At this time some of the leaves are over 28 inches long and 16 inches wide. In just two months time, the corm, and the plants height have more than doubled in size. But, now with summer being over, and the plants needing to be inside, the time is right for us to pick up on our “Indoor Hydroponic Tropical Adventure”. As I am writing this I am soon going to be transplanting into a larger growing container, a 55 gallon home grown “Power Grower” due that they have just about outgrown the growers they are in now. Also as time goes on, and seeing that I have created this wonderful tropical environment, I am going to look into adding some type of a flowering variety, maybe some orchids, or some types of flowers from maybe Hawaii? I’ll need to do some research and see what types would do well in my environment. In the upcoming months we will see how the transplanting, and the additions of these other types of plants are working out. As always Happy Growing Everyone!


is Proud to Introduce:


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Emperor Lighting is the next generation of high intensity discharge lights with improved design for higher lumen output and enhanced color spectrum. These lamps offer an unrivaled level of light quality and performance. Emperor lighting is a versatile line tailored to the specific needs of your plants during the different stages of plant growth. Emperor Lighting design engineers have worked jointly with agricultural researchers to produce quality lights that trigger hormones in plants to help increase budding, flowering and to encourage tight internodes. Developed by leading horticulturalists, the Emperor Lighting line has been built with the discerning grower in mind: • engineered for use with all ballast types • features better color uniformity • continuous operation • longer bulb life

• less lumen depreciation over time

• can be used in both vertical and horizontal fixtures The Emperor Lighting line has been approved for hot starts, with final testing showing the ability of Emperor Lights to be able to use the intense charge of power coming from electronic ballasts while also being able to work on magnetic ballasts. They are stamped with a heat sensitive logo which will change color once the lamp attains its full spectrum. These lights are manufactured to the highest standards and undergo rigorous quality control testing to ensure superior dependability. German technology, Canadian design, backed with a One Year Warranty. Look for them in early 2011! For any wholesale inquiries, and for more information, contact your MegaWatt HydroCulture sales representative at 1-800-575-2515. Visit:

Grow and Bloom Fertilizers:

PrimeTime™ Grow and Bloom specially formulated slow release fertilizers that are intended for indoor and outdoor plants alike. The advantages of these slow release fertilizers are that the nutrients are available gradually over an extended period of time.

This means that the gardener can fertilize less often, and the nutrients are provided gradually and consistently. • Controlled slow release formulation;

• Mineral enriched organic based formula; • Increases the bio-activity in the soil;

• Acts of a repellent for deer and other mammals.

A Plant Rotating Vertical Garden

The Spinner is a fully enclosed hydroponic growth chamber in which the individual plants are automatically rotated on their axis, exposing the entire plant to a centrally mounted light source. The roots are fed via “flood-anddrain”; the atmosphere is controlled via one 110 CFM intake fan and one 110 CFM exhaust fan. What this means is that the plants within the Spinner receive the ultimate care, with very little maintenance. Contact your MegaWatt HydroCulture sales representative for more information at 1-800-575-2515.

Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 33


Multifunction Flexibility: Avant-Garde Indoor Garden and Household Plastic Novelties By Vicki Williams

Household Design

An iPot Lamp That Plugs into a Computer’s USB Port Exotic luminous plant and flower pots, as well as avant-garde furniture and lighting are a creative furnishing brand established by Megasii Limited in 2002. The design group uses recyclable polyethylene and a rotational moulding process to manufacture most of its range of products. “Rotational moulding is cost-effective, ensures a uniform or varied wall thickness and allows for the manufacturer of complex hollow parts,” says Project Supervisor Mrs. Sum Lee, adding that the technique is back in vogue and that many famous houseware designers are employing it. The results are seen in the company’s striking plastic home décor products, including innovative lighting products. One is an “Angora cat” lamp measuring 229 x 192 x 495 mm that is available in white, grey, chocolate and light orange hues. It uses a 12V, 10W, G4 halogen bulb (adaptor and halogen bulb are included). “Many people like pets, and we believe that this particular lamp will be very popular,” opines Mrs. Lee. “We even think it may be viewed as being artistic.” The cat lamp is priced at under $20.00, while other animal lamp options include a duck and a dachshund.

No longer immediately associated only with being cheap, plastic houseware products have come a long way in terms of functionality, quality and appearance. Popular over the world for their practicality and durability, affordable plastic houseware products now display such additional qualities as heat-resistance and environmental friendliness. It is even fair to claim that plastic pervades every room in the house, from the kitchen to the indoor growroom garden.

Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 37

Household Design | THE INDOOR GARDENER Also awesomely designed is an iPot lamp, and Mrs. Lee feels this will be a big hit in the office or at home as it plugs into a computer’s USB port. “This is a combination mood-light and a plant or flowerpot,” she explains. “We use low-voltage power and ensure that the water in the pot cannot make contact with any power source.” The LED iPot lamp can also be battery operated. While the pot comes in white, the colour changes to red, blue or purple when the lamp is switched on. The 140 x 140 x 125 pot/lamp impresses in a groundbreakingly manner and is priced under $5.00.

Bringing a Warm and Romantic Atmosphere to Your Garden “We see a trend towards plastic, non-traditional lighting that is more decorative,” Mrs. Lee says, adding that new items are introduced twice a year and the majority of the company’s clients are designer-houseware related. The i-Pot is already a big success among the international community of interior designers and avant-garde architects. In France, the “Salon Virtuel de l’Architecture” ( says: “The iPot from Megasii Ltd brightens any desktop or shelf with a trio of automatically changing colors—cool blue, soft red, and smooth purple. Add a new dimension to your favourite Bonsai plant, or simply use it to hold pens, paper clips or any other small desk accessory. This contemporary desk lamp is made of non-toxic, odourless plastic with soft low-power LED lights which rotate through the three colors.” Critical success is undeniable. The global leading B2B search engine—designed to help all suppliers and manufacturers over the world find the products, companies, services, and resources—is also raving: “The iPot is a brand new

white-changing colour, and in three models: Hugo 550, Hugo 700 and Vivi. Also available is the big illuminant flowerpot, a very classy and multifunction flexibility item. This is also a novelty flowerpot with lighting effects. Making your indoor garden very special and up-to-date, it brings a more modern touch to your environment. This is the perfect item to revamp your indoor plants’ containers! Made of polyethylene, this pot is very durable, and can be used indoors as well as outdoors. Its dimensions are 410 mm diameter x 430 mm h. And also check: the Cubic, the U-pot, the coniform pots 40 and 50 and the round pots 30 and 40.

Colourful Kitchen Utensils for Your Fresh Vegetables Hong Kong manufacturers have many decades of experience in the plastics sector, which is clear to see in both the depth and scope of the plastic houseware products they offer. Supreme Plastic Mfg Ltd focuses on plastic houseware products for the kitchen, used in conjunction with stainless steel. “Our customers include private brands, importers and retailers,” says Marketing Manager Forenza Lai. “Some of our OEM products are bought by well-known international brands.” She says there is a huge range of kitchen-related products, including almost 2,000 open items.

item […] with LED lighting effect. It brings a warm and romantic atmosphere to your garden. Thus, it is a perfect item to make your garden special! This light is changing color, is made of PVC, and is very durable. The pot can be plugged into a USB port or operated with AAA batteries. [The iPot is designed] for both indoor and outdoor use. Dimension: 140 mm diameter x 125 mm h.” A plant pot that doubles as a mood-lighting lamp… it could only be a success! Other innovative indoor garden products by Megasii Design Group include three big flowerpots. These are multifunction modern flowerpots with lighting effects that brings an enticing sensation to any environment. Each item can also serve as a fish tank, a stool if you cover it with a cushion, or a table if you add a glass table top on it. It is made of polyethylene, is available in

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A product that is always in demand is a mandoline slicer, which features two julienne blades, one waffle slicer, one straight slicer and a safety holder. Also popular is a set of three measuring cups, which come with both liquid and dry measures. “These two products are among our top sellers because they serve essential roles in the preparation of food,” says Mrs. Lai, adding that new products are introduced every season. “The trend for upcoming products is for more colourful items that will be functional while also brightening up the kitchen,” she says, adding that the company stands out from competitors because of the excellent quality of its products and the use of FDA/EU approved resins. Mrs. Lai says that Supreme Plastic expects most growth to come from Eastern Europe. On the other hand, Megasii Ltd expects to see big market


Household Design

expansion in the US. “We have spent a year establishing a strong sales relationship with customers in the US and have received excellent feedback,” says Project Supervisor Sum Lee. “We intend to introduce products especially designed for the US market.”

equipment manufacturer) and ODM (original designed manufacturer) services.” Good Time’s main customers are worldwide famous brands, including designer-label stores. “We expect the biggest growth this year to come from Europe,” says Mr. Law.

Vegetable and Fruit Cooking Made Easier

Other companies are also developing innovative kitchenware products. Konstar Industries Ltd is selling versatile plastic kitchenware, such as a V-shaped 8-in-1 super slicer and a collection of tabletop graters.

Also introducing new products twice a year is Good Time Industries Co Ltd. Top sellers in this firm’s range are an acrylic peppermill, a garlic press and a 7-in-1 grater. The popular grater comprises four different blades (coarse shredding, fine shredding, slicing and cutting), a two-piece citrus juicer (large and small head), and a container. It is suitable for vegetables, fruits, chocolate and cheese. This product is sold as a unit or with gift box packaging. The peppermill comes in two sizes and gift box packaging is also available. The garlic press is sold as a unit and includes a blister card. “Although they are all new products, the have quickly become highly popular,” explains Managing Director Keith Law. “This is probably because they are simple to operate, are multifunctional, have an easy-to-clean and hygienic design, and are space-saving.” Mr. Law adds that although the design approach is simple, the outlook is modern and the items are easy to match and coordinate with other kitchenware and tableware. “We are a one-stop solution for developing buyers’ needs and customized concepts,” he insists. “Our strong technical experience and R&D department enable us to offer efficient and full-fledged OEM (original

These products are hot-sellers in Europe and the US. Goodhome Products Ltd is featuring plastic houseware items including an electric peppermill and a wide range of electric mixers. And last but not least, plastic hangers in a choice of designs, colours and sizes are a specialty of Triumph Fair Co., which exports to Japan and Europe. If you wish to locate more suppliers of plastic houseware and similar indoor garden products, we suggest you search using the following keywords: plastic flowerpot, illuminant flowerpot, peppermill, mixer, slicer, coffee grinders, etc. Clearly, in terms of plastic houseware, Hong Kong has everything and more to offer—or can design it for you! Source: Plastic Houseware at

Also see:,,,,


Catch up on the latest news at

Industry News

Introducing the Doktor Doom Spider Mite Knockout One-Two Punch for Spider Mite Elimination! By Grigg Kellock Doktor Doom’s One-Two Punch for Spider Mite Knockout consists of two products: Doktor Doom Spider Mite Knockout (the upper cut) and Doktor Doom Foggers (the over head bomb). It is essential when trying to eliminate spider mites to adhere to a program to eradicate them. Doktor Doom’s Spider Mite Knockout’s One–Two Punch is the # 1 program in North America to do this. Doktor Doom products are made with Pyrethrin (a naturally occurring insecticide derived from the Chrysanthemum Flower). Pyrethrin is a CONTACT SPRAY only and has NO RESIDUAL ACTIVITY. Pyrethrin once exposed to air, humidity and sunlight biologically decomposes within a couple of hours. Pyrethrin unlike insecticidal soaps and other products that need to be applied to the point of run-off only requires a very light misting on the foliage because Pyrethrin kills insects quickly. Ask about the Doktor Doom One-Two Punch Spider Mite Knockout program at your favourite indoor garden centre. Doktor Doom product application tip sheets are available in store and on our website at, be sure to take one and use it as your reference to eradicate spider mites. Doktor Doom products kill THRIPS too! Doktor Doom, the # 1 selling insect control products for the hydroponic and indoor gardening industry North America wide. Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 39



Vintage Vilmorin Ads and Catalogs By V. Green

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18 58

Vilmorin was founded as a plant and seed boutique in 1742 by seed expert Claude Geoffroy and her husband Pierre Andrieux, the chief seed supplier and botanist to King Louis XV. The company produced the first seed catalog for farmers and academics. In 2006, the owners integrated Limagrain’s field seeds activity in the company, and also purchased Japan’s Mikado Seed Growers. In 2007, the company acquired Turkey’s Anadolu and China’s LPHT, and in 2008, it bought a stake in Australia’s Australian Grain Technologies. Nowadays, Vilmorin focused on vegetable seeds and trees for professionals (growers, seed producers, and nurseries).

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Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 41

Indoor Gardening Environment Is Everything:

Creating a Natural Environment Indoors Takes Knowledge By Stephanie Annis

Many beginners are not ready for the serious precautions that you will need to take in order to keep from damaging the inside of your home. Indoor gardening requires a multitude of equipment and information. Plants require certain temperatures, humidity, and other environmental factors which are not meant for the inside of the house which is why ventilation and other equipment need to be installed in the area or room you are using for your indoor garden. When beginning to set up an indoor garden you should first study books which outline everything you need and how to install it. Finding books is easy; the library has them or you can see many different books online and in stores. It is important that you set things up correctly or you could damage the entire house. Each book may have a slightly different approach but keep this in mind as you review books and you’ll have an easy decision which book you feel most comfortable following. Mold is your biggest enemy along with spider mites and other bugs you can’t really see. If you do not setup your indoor garden properly you could end up with many different molds including the deadly black mold. If you are going to take on an indoor garden it is important that you realize the responsibility you are taking on at the same time. You may want to consider some of the newer styles like a completely sealed indoor garden which is becoming popular in gardening stores.

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“If you do not setup your indoor garden properly you could end up with many different molds including the deadly black mold.” Anyone interested in starting an indoor garden should follow a few simple steps. First, and most importantly, Research! Research! Research! Gather the information and study it, learn everything you can before making any choices. Once you feel comfortable and have a complete plan from beginning to end then you begin your list of equipment you will need—and all the other supplies—gather them and prepare. The equipment will range in price from cheap, less effective equipment to top of the line professional equipment. Lights need to be decided on based on your particular situation growing indoors. And, all the other equipment you will need depends on what type of indoor growing you plan to do. If you are using soil you will use much different equipment than a person who is using hydroponics. I recommend beginners start with dirt before moving to hydroponics because they are less likely to kill an entire crop ending up with nothing; which is my personal fear of moving to hydroponics. The chemicals used when gardening indoors need to be

handled safely. They are important for growing healthy plants but they do not grow healthy people. Knowing how to use the chemicals and how to store them is very important; they should be locked up so that unknowing children do not stumble upon them. Keeping your indoor garden safe is one of the most important rules every gardeners should follow. Setting up your indoor garden should start with creating some basic blueprints. Designing your indoor garden, you should create a plan which should include safety equipment, specific items based on your blueprints, and other important information. Hydroponic indoor gardens require knowledge and should not be taken lightly. It is better to start with dirt and then move to hydroponics because if you start out with hydroponics you are more likely to lose an entire harvest, become frustrated, or worse. Learn the basics by working with dirt while studying hydroponics and wait until you feel completely comfortable before you begin a hydroponic indoor garden. While growing with dirt, study hydroponics and learn about the entire process and equipment used along with the need for chemicals and the constant attention. The most important thing that every gardener should know is the harm pesticides can cause. Use pesticides carefully, attempt to stay with organic products, and be sure that anything which will be ingested by humans has been tested for purity.


For the Vegan

10 Organic Snack Delicacies and Healthy Bagged Products By Jill Di Donato

Sir Andrew:

“I am a great eater of beef and I believe that does harm to my wit.”

Sir Toby:

“No question.” William Shakespeare,

Elizabeth Hurley Organic Fruit Bars

Eden Nori Maki Rice Crackers

Elizabeth Hurley organic fruit bars are low in fat and have a whole portion of juicy fruit in every bar. With a real zingy flavour (Strawberry and Cherry), they are perfect for those moments when you want something sweet—and who’d have thought it would be our all-British import Liz Hurley who’d show us the way?

Perhaps, you missed the last call for sushi delivery. Perhaps your budget doesn’t fit sushi at all—then all you have to do is rip open a bag of Nori Maki rice crackers for a pan-Asian experience that doesn’t even require chopsticks.

Twelfth Night, Act I, Scene III (around 1601—1602) Perhaps the only way down to high cholesterol is also the antidote to, “Hey, man, I don’t want to get off the couch but I’m feeding for something other than Pringles!” After one too many nights of eating fermented Ritz Bits just because they didn’t require anything but a reach, I decided to make better use of my trips to the grocery store. Bon Appétit everyone! And many thanks to Stan and the posse at the office for lending their taste glands and adjectives to this article!

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They are certified by the Soil Association in the U.K. and nothing artificial has been added to any product. Each bar is less than 100 calories and consequently, a “guilt free snack”. Also in Orange and Cranberry.

The Nori Maki crackers look like something you’d find in the haunted house candy dish on Halloween, but one bite makes you want to scream, “More sake please!” They have the subtle flavour of seaweed salad with a rice cracker crunch, and leave virtually no crumbs.




Trader Joe’s® Roasted and Salted Pepitas

If sometimes you feel like a nut but hate staring back at the monocled dude on the Planter’s can, may I suggest Trader Joe’s Roasted Pepitas? Do you sunflower seed, take thee, pumpkin seed, to honour, cherish and provide vegan snackers with a soft and nutty crunch? I now pronounce your union fit for consumption. See:

Hapi Hot Wasabi Peas Snacks


Frutina Real Fruits Snacks Frutina, the U.K.’s leading frozen drinks manufacturer and distributor, continues to make its mark in the soft drinks world. Known for having an excellent range of traditional “slush” drinks, Frutina has now added an exciting range of Frozen Juice drinks for everyone to enjoy. Designed with the new school guidelines in mind, the range appeals not only to children of all ages but to their parents as well! In addition, Frutina`s hugely successful range of 100% natural Fruit Snacks are now sold by many of the leading national Health Food Retailers in high streets up and down the country: • • • • • • • • •

no added-sugar; no wheat or dairy products; high in dietary fibres; contains no nuts; gluten free; 100% real dried fruits; no artificial colours or flavours; suitable for diabetics (as part of a controlled diet); low in fat.


Clif Energy Bars

Although they are not always easy to find up here in Canada, Clif bars have their place in this column. They are very popular with athletes and people who care about the caloric content of the food they eat. The particularity of Clif bars is that they are consistent yet chewy. It contains brown rice, a complex carbohydrate, rather than corn syrup, a simple carb, soy protein isolate, vitamins and minerals but no wheat or dairy products. Eat one before exercising or going for a hike: they are an excellent source of energy. You can also enjoy it while reading a good... magazine! Nutritional value: a bar contains 240 calories, 12 g of proteins, 5 g lipids, and 39 g carbohydrates. See:

Melissa’s® Roasted Soy Nuts For a great accompaniment, try the Hot Wasabi Peas: they chomp like corn nuts but linger longer like horseradish. Small like peanuts, distinct like a hand-blown glass artwork, they can make any evening on the couch seem like a cultural experience. Warning—they contain enough wasabi to engulf your sinus cavities if you aren’t paying attention! See:

As one of my taste tester co-workers put it, “If I could eat a sunflower seed with the shell still on and not bust my molars, this would be it.” If that’s the case, then plop yourself down with a bag of Melissa’s Soy Nuts. What I liked best was the non-greasy taste, the earthy undertones and the wispy chew. I would probably keep these in my desk at my day job from now on. Varieties include Salted, Unsalted, BBQ and Ranch flavours (all non-GMO, of course!). See: Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 45


Nutiva Protein Bars

lighter finish than usual chips. They wash down with everything from tap water to red wine. My posse and I enjoyed the Rosemary selection, but they are also available in Plain, Lemon and Cracked Pepper. A product from Japan, Calbee Chips are usually on display in your local Asian bazaar! See:

Harry and DavidTM Honey Sesame Sticks

Made in Canada, Nutiva bars combine the benefits of many ingredients—sunflower seeds, honey, pumpkin seeds, hemp seeds, and flax seeds. The bars are tender and crunchy all at once. They fulfill a great part of human daily needs of proteins and vitamin E, and are rich in Omega-3. You can trust the quality of the ingredients and their natural origin. There are seven varieties of Nutiva bars, and all are made from organic ingredients, with no pesticides or herbicides added to the natural products used against insects and for agricultural treatment. See:

Calbee Olive Oil Potato Chips

If you find yourself with a hankering for an Italian bread and olive oil dip, look no further than Calbee Olive Oil Potato Chips. Without the fear of oil stains on the couch, these babies deliver all the flavour of a Trattoria appetizer without having to tip the waiter. These chips are hearty cravings of Russet potato, and have a

46 | Volume 6 – Issue 5

One last bagged product surprise was the Honey Sesame Sticks—a meal in itself. These are hearty strips of sesame seeds and paste, grilled to a crunch and sweetened with honey. If you hate choosing between salty and sweet, these are your best bet; and if you haven’t eaten all day, even better. Don’t be fooled by their miniature form, even a handful can weigh down your belly. But they are tasty and only require a little bit of beverage to keep them from welding to your oesophagus. And if you play your card right, some of the sesame seeds will stick in between your teeth and prolong the experience until you read my next column! See:

To conclude, it is apparent that even Vegans can be Gourmets! I can’t reveal everything now but I’m already loading up my basket for next time! Book

Magic Fly-Agaric:

Mushrooms of the Holy Grail By T. Lyttle

Clark Heinrich’s Magic Mushrooms in Religion and Alchemy (Park Street Press, 2002) is a lavishly illustrated book filled with magic mushroom lore. The bright red cap of the Amanita muscaria is known the world over. Its image appears in religious art, children’s toys, Christmas ornaments, and inside ancient temples. Clark Heinrich presents startling new evidence, connecting the Amanita muscaria with The Garden of Eden, the visions of Moses, the secret teachings of Jesus, the search for the Holy Grail, and The Philosophers’ Stone of the alchemists. The secret is out— God’s holiest sacrament is a bright red mushroom. [Editor’ Note: Before his recent tragic passing at age 53, Mr. Lyttle conducted, for one of our sister publications, an in-depth and comprehensive interview with Clark Heinrich about his experiences with Amanita muscaria and his avant-garde book. The complete interview is still available at the Tom Lyttle Memorial Website, among other remarkable works by our late collaborator.]



High-Quality LED Grow Lights, CE and RoSH Passed, for Plants By Michell (Tlsanli)

Let me introduce our company! Guangzhou Tlsanli Lighting Co., Ltd, ( is one of the most professional manufacturers of LED and fiber optic lightings, as well as high power LED lights with Cree and Edison chips, CE& RoHS certifications, and a 3 to 5 year quality warranty.

• High-quality power supply from Mean Well, inc., a Taiwanese switching power supply manufacturer (

• Strong waterproof resistance: the waterproof index is IP 68, high enough to insure durability underwater.

We are happy to introduce you to LED grow lights for plants. If you have any question or need more information, please visit our Website or contact us at: or tel.: +86-20-34726781. Fax: +86-20-34799414.

Our selection of LED grow lights currently on the market includes: • LED down lights;

• LED bulbs / spotlights;

• LED flood lights / LED wall washer;

• LED tunnel lights / LED street lights.

The main qualities of our products, designed by one of the best manufacturer of LED and fiber optic lightings in China, include: • High-quality shell material: aluminum, alloy or stainless steel, allowing greater durability. The lights can also be used underwater with a longer life span. • Glass-covered lamp: our LED lights are covered with 3 mm high-strength toughened glass which keeps the lamp water tight. • CE (Conformité Européenne) and RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances) certifications.

• Powerful heat dissipation: aluminum alloy base provides better heat-dissipation. Our lamps are specifically designed to help release the excess heat and make them last longer. Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 47


Most Memorable Concert of the Past Decade:

“One for Woody” Benefit By R. Varkony

Remember how we used to hear about epic concerts back in the days of Janis, The Doors, The Jefferson Airplane, Jimi Hendrix and The Grateful Dead? Even in the nineties there might have been a couple of concert events of that magnitude, though I can’t think of any. But on September 21, 2000, at the Roseland Ballroom in New York City, a concert took place without warning, hysteria or hype, that brought together friends and fans to remember and celebrate the musical life of their fallen comrade Allen Woody (1955-2000), bassist for Gov’t Mule.

Whether you knew Allen personally through his music, or not at all, the emotion that filled the concert hall was impossible to ignore and the soul and honesty of the music was overwhelmingly real. This show will go down as one of the great musical events in rock’n’roll History. Last year marked the 10th anniversary of the death of Allen Woody, and a decade later, The Allman Brothers and Gov’t Mule camps were ready to give back and celebrate the life of their friend by hitting the stage once again. The Roseland Ballroom, now a legendary venue, also served as host for “Another One for Woody” on November 22nd of last year ( The original 2000 benefit and memorial concert (with the proceeds going to Woody’s daughter, Savannah Woody, intended for her education) was organized and led by Warren Haynes, guitar player for the Gov’t Mule. Many of Woody’s friends came out to play, and everyone that attended the show could feel the love and sincerity in the air. It was an unbelievable line-up of musicians, including Phil Lesh, Gregg Allman, Little Milton, The Black Crowes, and countless others there to pay their respects. It was especially touching to see Lesh of The Grateful Dead fame, a survivor of a liver transplant, showing support for the newest addition to his line-up of “friends”. Warren Haynes who has played with Phil on occasion in the 1990’s, had joined the band for a solid fall tour in 2000. Together with Jimmy Herring, John Molo and Rob Barroco, these five men made up the hottest jam band around.

48 | Volume 6 – Issue 5


Phil and Friends opened the show with “Dark Star”, and we were off. Their blistering hour long set closed with the Cream classic “Sunshine of Your Love”, a tune I never imagined I’d see Phil play. After a short break, the Allman Brothers came on stage with Warren and Jimmy Herring in the guitar slots. They did a version of “Jessica” that left me speechless. Chris and Rich Robinson from The Black Crowes came out and played “Dreams” and then Phil joined them along with Oteil Burbridge on bass, and played an inspired “Franklin’s Tower”. The Black Crowes continued and jammed on a few tunes like “Kinky Reggae”, “Boomer Story”, and “Chevrolet” with Warren joining them on guitar. The two surviving members of Gov’t Mule, Warren Haynes and Matt Abts, then took the stage along with various incarnations of everyone in the house and played their hearts out. David Schools, Johnny Neel, Berry Oakley, Gordie Johnson, Kevin Kinney, Edwin McCain, Darius Rucker, Merl Saunders, Phil and Friends, Leslie West, Robert Kearns, Audley Freed, Artimus Pyle, Malcolm Holcomb, and Hook Herrera, did I miss anyone? You get the drift? It really was an epic show! They played dozen of tunes including “Low Spark Of High Heeled Boys”, “Shine On Your Crazy Diamond”, “Wish You Were Here”, “Cortez The Killer”, “Lovelight”, “Goin’ Down The Road Feelin’ Bad”, “Simple Man”, “Mississippi Queen”, and “I Shall Be Released” as an encore (listen to it here: The show started at 7.00 pm and went on until 1.00 am. Warren Haynes proved to be a real powerhouse in both his energy and guitar playing. He was onstage almost the whole night and when he took a solo, you could feel his blues. This event was all Warren, for Woody. At one point I was standing next to David Schools of Widespread Panic after he got off stage, and the band played “Wish You Were Here” to a backdrop of Allen Woody images, a tear rolled down his cheek. This was a memorial concert for a rock’n’roller, done the only way rockers know how. By playing music. Everyone that attended can attest to the fact that music heals. If you would like to make a donation in Allen Woody’s memory: Savannah Woody Educational Fund, c/o Hard Head Management, PO Box 651, Village Station, New York, NY, 10014. Allen Woody Tribute / Savannah Woody Educational Fund: Gov’t Mule CD’s are available on the Evil Teen Records label ( (Source:

Music History


1 – JdI, Vol. 5, issue 6, November/December 2010 In the article featuring GrotekTM products published on pages 56 and 57 of the previous issue of Le Jardinier d’intérieur (Novembre / Décembre 2010), two paragraphs described organic supplements and lighting gears that are no longer manufactured by the company or distributed by its wholesale network, Greenstar Plant Products, inc. These discontinued products are Organic Fusion supplements and the XtraSun ballast. The author of this article, Mr. Corey J. Rapchuk, is no longer part of the company, as we indicated incorrectly. We apologize to our readers, and to Grotek and Greenstar Plant Products, inc. (

2 – JdI, Vol. 6, issue 1, January/February 2011 In the Twister ad published on page 21 in our last issue of Le Jardinier d’intérieur (Janvier / Février 2011), we referred erroneously to “La” Twister. The company wishes to promote its product under the name “Le Twister” in French Canada.

We apologize for this error. Visit for more information.

Photo Credits

On the cover: Photomontage by André Faucher after a photography by Daniel Boiteau (Dreamstime); Botanicare: 62, 63; Bredoux, Bruno: 64; Chi Bom Metal & Plastic Mfy., Ltd: 43; CubeCap: 50; Di Donato, Jill: 44, 45, 46; Doktor Doom: 13, 39; D.R.: 4, 9, 10, 12, 15, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 40, 41, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 53, 59, 61; Draskovic, Darko: 4, 18; Dreamstime: 62; Drop Bags: 56, 57, 58; FHD: 13; Fritz, Jim: 14, 15, 16, 17; Gardeners Centre: 51; G.H.: 52, 53; Happy Frog: 13; HOMEbox: 27; Jardin du Futur: 54; Keirton (Twister): 49; Kovachevich, Pete: 22, 23, 24, 25, 26; Laberge, Patrick: 58; Lemeunier, B.: 51; Lukáš, Hejtman: 8; LumiGrow: 54; Mad Artists: 42; Megasii Limited: 36, 37, 38; MegaWatt: 33; Milbrand, Glenn: 4, 28, 29, 30, 32; Parta Dialogue: 51; Pavalache, Stelian: 6; Prescott, Joy: 19; Pure Food Gardening: 50; Safe-T-Air: 53; Rambridge: 46; Tlsanli: 47; Varkony, R.: 48, 49; Vilmorin: 4, 40, 41; Vitamin Institute: 65; Zopoth Lipiejko, Joanna: 9.

Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 49


Pure Food Gardening Introduces their Brand New Cloning Tray for Shelf Mounted Systems, the Microclone Rack Tray By Bill Graham The Microclone Rack Tray fits into the standard chrome and steel racks chosen by clone growers for its efficient use of space and light. Many retail stores, plant shops, web postings, and magazine articles reveal how popular racks are for cloning. The prop trays line up neatly in rows of as many as four per shelf and such rack systems have five or six shelves for prop trays and low profile lighting. Fluorescent fixtures, especially T-5s, fit naturally in the plant shelves.

The Microclone Rack Tray is 45” by 25.½” to fit all common rack units and is no taller than the prop trays it is designed to hold. The Rack Tray has a flat bottom and thin raised ridges for plenty of drainage and easy cleaning, important for healthy clones. Dual drain wells in the two front (or back) corners allow the

Clone growers put their propagation trays under the lights like a baker cooling trays of cookies. Until now, growers watered and drained trays by hand. optional drain/watering systems growers may choose. A single shelf or an entire rack can be outfitted with Rack Trays, drain fittings, and tubing for easy-drain watering. Add a reservoir, pumps and fill fittings and the whole thing can automated. Available in Canada from Brite Lite, Biofloral, and Green Planet Wholesale. The Microclone Rack Tray fits the rack shelves perfectly with all those clone trays lined up inside. Clone trays can be removed, replaced, moved, watered automatically, manually with a drain, NFT, Ebb’n’Flow, nearly anything you can imagine. It was just natural to create a tray that made clone racks easier and more efficient to work with.

Distributors wanted in all countries. Microclone Rack Trays are available from your favorite retailer. Pure Food Gardening has a new location at 830-H Bransten Rd., San Carlos, CA 94070-3339. Tel.: 650-596-9700, Web:

CubeCap® Canada is Proud to Introduce their New Long Awaited 6” (15cm) Square DripCap® By Steven Gallo The new Grodan approved 6” Square DripCap® minimizes algae and algae related problems while saving water and nutrients. It hosts a list of other attributes like a new “One size fits all” hose holder which accommodates 4 mm to 7.6 mm diameters. A new innovative Drip technology allows for an even saturation of the growing medium promoting larger root mass & yields with more uniformity. Website: Info:

50 | Volume 6 – Issue 5

New Address and Phone Number for Fabrication ConceptLab (Jardinage d’intérieur Huntingdon, Qc) By Maxime Collette Please note our new address and phone number, and don’t hesitate to come and visit us! Fabrication ConceptLab / Hydro Greenhouse Equipment Mr. Maxime Collette 72 Dalhousie, Suite 102A, Huntingdon, Qc, J0S-1H0, Canada. Tel: 450 322 6079. Info: Voilà!


New Product

Great Value Garden Tools and Supplies at

Social Media: Parta Dialogue Introduces CritiScanTM

By Steve Brown

By Sylvain Dufour

Shop online at for a wide selection of greenhouses and gardening supplies, garden and gardening products, plants, garden furniture, and novelties at low Internet prices and fast home delivery service—

Social Media… Millions of people now use it every week to talk to each other about everything under the sun. And some of these people are probably dragging your company’s reputation through the mud as we speak! Should you be worried about what’s said online?

The site offers an exciting range of garden tools and supplies selected from the best international designers plus a mix of exclusive and exceptional high-grade items. So if you’re looking for garden tools and supplies they have plenty to inspire you. The people at understand that great design doesn’t have to cost a fortune. That’s why they have selected a range of innovative products that has the right balance between style, quality and price—you know you’re getting great value for money. See:

New Book: O Canada, 10,000 Miles from Coast to Coast By Éric Clément Photographer and author Bertrand Lemeunier has just launched his second book of photographs O Canada, 10,000 Miles from Coast to Coast. The French-Canadian photographer crossed Canada ad mari usque ad mare, alone, by bicycle, between May 2007 and January 2008, and managed to raise $30,000 for the Children’s Wish Foundation. During his trip, he took thousands photographs in the ten provinces and in the three Northern Territories. Self-published, this 250 page bilingual book shows the beauty of Canada, its most amazing and unique landscapes from Newfoundland to the Vancouver Island and introduces us to 30 Canadians—all of different origins and professions—whom Bertrand Lemeunier met throughout his trip and which Éric Clément, a reporter at La Presse, interviewed. For more information and a video of the book:

Well, we think so… and here’s why: Who’s out there trashing your brand? To apply for a free introductory CritiScan, visit: About Parta Diaolgue: With offices in Montreal and Paris, Parta Dialogue is a leader in the field of collective intelligence management. We provide innovative and reliable IT solutions that enable productive exchanges between companies and their stakeholders using social media. Tel.: 1 450 466-7275, ext.: 36 Fax: 1 450 466-4915 E-mail:

Novelty: What is the Twister Machine? By Ty Corley The Twister is the world’s leading commercial leaf trimming machine designed specifically for large-scale growers. The Twister leaf trimmer is recognized for its speed, quality, and reliability. The Twister power trimmer is regarded as the fastest commercial leaf trimmer on the market. If you have a lot of leaf that needs to be trimmed fast, the Twister leaf trimmer machine is your answer. Visit:

Quote of the Month

“Please make sure not to use FERNAND CORBEIL anymore! That name has been changed to TERIS SUPPLY SERVICES, inc.!” – Stéphane Corbeil, CEO ( Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 51

Hydroponics Classics | THE INDOOR GARDENER

Water Solutions with GH Pumps and Filters By L. Charnet

1. Dual-Diaphragm Air Pump

3. Vortex® Sprayer

General Hydroponics’ Dual-Diaphragm air pump is the only air pump in the world that is manufactured exclusively for use with hydroponics systems. This high-output pump (394 gph/24,800 cc/minute capacities) has four adjustable ¼” outputs or valves that can be teed off twice to power up to sixteen WaterFarm® units. In addition, growers who use a Dual-Diaphragm air pump can count on it to reliably oxygenate their reservoir with air stones.

The spinning shaft of the Vortex Sprayer creates a powerful eddy that not only stirs and lifts nutrients from the reservoir, but also oxygenates as it gently and evenly distributes nutrients and oxygen to plant cuttings and root systems. This ensures quicker growth rates and higher crop yields. Popular RainForest® systems come standard with the Vortex Sprayer.

Characteristics: Power Supply, consumption

AC 120 v, 60 Hz, 8 w

Maximum capacity

22 litres

Maximum pressure Connection ports


4 X ¼” air lines

2. TNC Water Pump

4. Bluestone® Water Pump The Bluestone 900 gph water pump is a fully submersible, or inline, magnetic drive pump offered only by General Hydroponics. Used in popular AeroFlo2® 30 and 36 units, the BlueStone pump comes with a sponge pre filter and ½” fittings. Because it has only one moving part, the BlueStone pump does not require the use of bothersome seals.

The TNC centrifugal inline water pump is powerful and dependable.


This water pump moves 1,268 gph through 1” pipe thread fittings and has a dependable ceramic/graphite seal.

Maximum head

The TNC water pump is usually used in AeroFlo2® 60 units. Characteristics: Power supply, consumption

AC 120 v, 60 Hz, 167 w

Maximum pressure

7.7 PSI

Maximum head

Maximum capacity

Liquid temperature

Connection ports (pipe thread)

52 | Volume 6 – Issue 5

5.4 M (17.7 ft)

80 litres/min (1,268 GPH)

0ºC - 60ºC (32°F - 140°F) 1” inlet & outlet

Power supply, consumption

AC 120 v, 60 Hz, 116 w

Maximum pressure

5.8 PSI

Maximum capacity

Connection ports (pipe thread)

4.1 M (13.5 ft)

61 litres/min (967 GPH) ½” inlet & outlet

5. GH Carbon Filters General Hydroponics’ carbon air filters work with any popular inline fan. Calculate the size of your room and choose a fan that completely exchanges the air in the room eight to ten times per hour. Then choose the appropriate filter with the correct CFM and flange size to match that fan. • Designed for the medical industry, General Hydroponics’ carbon air filters are the only filters certified by the European Clean-Air Act (ECAA).


• These filters—sold in North America by General Hydroponics—are popularly used in Europe for many commercial applications, and are also widely used in hospitals. Carbon air filters effectively remove 99.5% of airborne pathogens.

• General Hydroponics carbon air filters use the highestquality carbon mined from pre-Cambrian ore.

• The carbon grain size of GH carbon air filters is 3 mm, while the leading competitor uses 5 mm. This smaller carbon grain

Hydroponics Classics

ensures that these air filters have more surface area contact between the air stream and the carbon bed to clean air effectively.

• Carbon air filters contain an expanding foam disk to ensure that the carbon stays tightly packed without air leaks.

Characteristics: Item number

Lbs of Carbon

Outside dimension



Flange size



















DFS 4a

15.0 16.5




230-345 255-370













DFS 4b DFS 6 DFS 7



66.1 99.9








Rambridge Wholesale Supply Company Profile Rambridge Wholesale Supply is an international manufacturer and wholesale distributor of garden and hydroponic supplies. Founded in 1982, this Canadian company leads the market in product innovation and proven performance.

“We are a sales and service oriented organization devoted to the growth and development of the gardening industry. As your wholesale distributor we see our goal best met by providing the highest quality products at the best price.” Contact Us: Rambridge Wholesale Supply #1 - 2421 Centre Ave SE, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2E 0A9 Phone: 403-230-5717 Toll Free: 1-800-265-4769 Website: E-mail:









New Product

Safe-T-Air, an Amazing Solution to Indoor Mould By Carol Winton

Our new product is an amazing solution to indoor pollution. Safe-T-Air naturally prevents and controls mould, mildew, bacteria, fungus and odours. Safe T Air is made from natural Tea Tree Oil. This essential oil is nature’s most powerful antiseptic, anti-bacterial and deodorizer. To create a healthier indoor environment where you live, work and play using Safe-T-Air with natural Tea Tree Oil. Safe-T-Air is creating a healthier indoor environment for you and the people closest to you. Please contact me or my partner Peter if you need any other information or samples. Toll free: 1 888 227-9317 Fax: 1 613 389-1563 Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 53


LumiGrow Webinar

An Introduction to Year-Round Indoor Gardening with LED Lighting By George Chan On Thursday, Feb. 3rd, LumiGrow, Inc., the leading provider of LED lighting technology for horticultural applications, presented a live webinar for potential resellers. This event was closed to the general public. It was reserved for retail store owners, distributorship, wholesale account or online store managers. The webinar examined proven technologies and best practices for year-round indoor gardening using LumiGrow’s lighting solutions. LumiGrow is recruiting resellers and wholesalers to distribute their professionalquality LED grow light solutions. The demand for LED lighting solutions is booming in the horticultural industry. Given that the entire lighting industry has shifted towards LED lighting, it’s no surprise that indoor gardeners are following suit. If you were interested to add a proven, well-respected LED lighting line to your store’s inventory, this webinar was the event to follow. It covered the benefits of LED lighting, showed you how you can

increase your shop’s revenue and introduced you to a limited-time LumiGrow reseller promotion. The 25-minute webinar began with George Chan of LumiGrow reviewing the current state of horticultural lighting. Craig Spahr of LumiGrow then addressed common misconceptions about LED technology. Sea of Green, an indoor hydroponics shop, was following-up by describing how to set up a complete LED light-driven indoor grow tent garden. The Webinar ended with a limited-time LumiGrow reseller promotion. LED lighting products can improve plant quality while they reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions by up to 50 percent or more. LED lights also avoid the escalating full lifecycle costs of lighting fixtures that contain hazardous lead and mercury. Motivated by the ease of use and environmental benefits, savvy growers have made horticultural LED lighting the fastest growing segment of the indoor gardening industry. For more information, call (800) 514-0487 or visit

Popular Products

• LumiGrow ES 330 - 330-watts; - 12-16 sq.ft. coverage; - 5-year warranty.

• LumiGrow ES165 - 165-watts; - 6-9 sq.ft. coverage; - 3-year warranty.


“Win an EcoSystem2 [Eco2-18]” Contest Winners Announced! The “Win an EcoSystem2 [Eco2-18]” draw took place on December 31, 2010 and the winners were announced on Monday, January 17, 2011, by Mrs. Chantal Marin at Jardin du Futur, Sainte-Lucie, Qc.

The first Winner is Mr. Craig Schatz, Lake Michigan, USA, for the Indoor Gardener magazine/ Jardin du Futur draw.

Congratulations! Thank you all for your participation!

The second Winner is Mr. Albert Thomas, Durham Sud, Qc, Canada, for the Jardinier d’intérieur magazine/Jardin du Futur draw. Mr. Albert Thomas and Mrs. Chantal Marin from Jardin du Futur

54 | Volume 6 – Issue 5

Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 55


Get Proper Essential Oil and Aromatic Essence Extraction


Drop Bags are the finest cold water essential oils and aromatic essences extraction kits available on the market nowadays. Made in the USA and backed by a 100% satisfaction guarantee, Drop Bags oil extraction kits are available in 1 gallon/ three or eight bag kits; 5 gallon/three or eight bag kits; 20 gallon/three or eight bag kits; and 32 gallon/three or eight bag kits. Drop Bags are a 100% organic gardening extraction kit and offer a healthy and organic final product. These multipurpose extraction kits can be used for making aromatherapy oils, cooking oils, and other natural products. Practical organic uses include — but are not limited to — olive oil, lavender oil, peppermint oil, orange oil, flaxseed oil, and rose and other flower extraction (used for incense — composed of aromatic biotic materials, which release fragrant smoke when burned — for example).

Essential Oils and Aromatic Essences To obtain essential oils the aromatic essence molecules of the plant must be captured by using a technical distillation or extraction method. Essential oils are found in all plants and herbs. They are what gives fragrance to flowers, such as rose or lavender, or flavour to herbs, such as cinnamon or ginger. Oil can be extracted from any part of the plant from petals and leaves, roots, seeds and rinds. The extraction can be performed by distillation, maceration, enfleurage, and cold-pressing. Essential oils are used in aromatherapy treatments. The vital element in any aromatherapy treatment is the pure essential oil. In a nutshell, an essential oil is an aromatic, volatile substance extracted from a single botanical source by cold-pressing specific parts of the plant or fruit. Twenty-five plants which provide us with the best essential oils are: • Basil (Ocimum basilicum); • Bergamot (Citrus bergamia);

• Cedarwood (Cedrus atlantica);

• Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis);

• Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum); • Clary Sage (Salvia sclarea);

• Flax (Linum usitatissimum);

• Geranium (Pelargonium adoratissimum); • Grape (Vitis vinifera);

• Jasmine (Jasminum officinale);

• Lavender (Lavandula officinalis); • Nutmeg (Myristica fragans);

56 | Volume 6 – Issue 5



• Olive tree (Olea europaea);

• Orange (Citrus aurantium);

• Patchouli (Pogostemon patchouli); • Peppermint (Mentha piperita); • Pine (Pinus siberica);

• Rose (Rosa centifolia, or Rosa damascena); • Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis); • Sage (Salvia officinalis);

• Sandalwood (Santalum album);

• Sunflower (Helianthus annuus); • Valerian (Valeriana officinalis); • Vetivert (Vetivera zizanoides);

• Ylang-Ylang (Cananga odorata). You can find more therapeutic grade essential oils and an extended exhaustive list of recommended plants on this Website: https://

Some Extraction Methods and Essential Oil Virtues Extra Virgin Olive Oil Extraction This fruit oil is essential for common uses such as cooking, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and soaps. It is also used as a fuel for oil lamps. Use Drop Bags to create your own “virgin” olive oil, which means the oil is produced without the use of chemicals.

Cold-pressing does not alter the natural antioxidants, phytonutrients or quality of the oil. Very high amounts of phenols are found in extra-virgin olive oil. Phenols can help reduce inflammation, and possess potent antioxidant properties. This antioxidant activity can prevent LDL-cholesterol from oxidizing. Phenols and other naturally occurring substances may also play a role in reducing blood pressure in those with hypertension. Extra virgin olive oil should be stored in a cool area. See the “How to Use” page ( on the Drop Bags Website to learn how to extract extra olive oil with cold water and ice.

Lavender Oil Extraction

Lavender yields a highly effective essential oil with very sweet overtones, and can be used in balms, salves, perfumes, cosmetics, and topical applications. Different variety of lavender will yield slightly different scents and characteristics. The health benefits of lavender essential oil include its ability to remove nervous tension, relieve pain, disinfect scalp and skin, enhance blood circulation and treat respiratory problems. Lavender oil blends well with many other essential oils including cedarwood, pine, clary sage, Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 57

Technique | THE INDOOR GARDENER geranium, and nutmeg. Lavender oil is extracted mostly from the flowers of lavender plant, primarily through steam distillation. Visit how-to-use.php to learn about the Drop Bags extraction method of lavender oil.

orange oil as well as products rich in vitamin C in the food industry (like chocolate-orange confectionary). Recently orange oil has been praised as an effective, environmental friendly and safe solvent.

Orange Rind Extraction

Peppermint is regarded as “the world’s oldest medicine”, with uses dating back ten thousand years. Peppermint oil contains menthone and menthyl esters. When used in shampoos and soaps, peppermint oil gives the hair a minty scent and produces a cooling sensation on the skin. The health benefits of peppermint essential oil include its ability to treat indigestion, respiratory problems, exhaustion, headache, nausea, fever, stomach pain, colic, flatulence, and bowel spasms and pain. It is further believed that peppermint oil is useful for treating cancer and tuberculosis.

Orange oil is an essential oil produced by the inside of the orange rind. It is composed mostly of d-limonene which gives citrus its familiar aroma, so it is often used as a fragrance. Sweet and bitter orange oils are similar and both are extracted by cold pressing of fresh orange peel. Orange essential oil is refreshing but sedative. It is a tonic for anxiety and

Peppermint Oil Extraction

depression. Its therapeutic effects include the stimulation of the digestive system. Orange oil is also effective for constipation and its antiseptic properties work well for mouth ulcers. Cosmetics products for bath and massage are also manufactured from

Peppermint oil is also used as a flavouring agent and it blends well with various other essential oils including eucalyptus, rosemary, lemon, marjoram, etc. Its most common method of extraction is through steam distillation.

Valerian Root Extraction

Valerian root is commonly used as a base ingredient in many medicines. The key characteristic of the valerian root is its powerful “sweet” smell. Commonly referred to as “All-Heal”, the ancient Roman physician Claudius Galen (c. 129/131 AD—c. 199/201 AD) prescribed it as a cure for insomnia. Actually valerian essential oil has sedative and tranquilizing properties to the central nervous system. It is useful in insomnia and anxiety. It has a calming, relaxing, grounding and emotionally balancing effect. It mixes well with eucalyptus, rosemary, lavender, mandarin, wintergreen, juniper, oakmoss, tea tree, pine, patchouli, petitgrain, and cedarwood essential oils. Valerian root extraction process can be conducted by adding the roots to an alcoholic extraction solvent to form a mixture, or more simply by steam distillation. Visit

58 | Volume 6 – Issue 5



Lost in Translation By R. Saint-Gengoulf

English to Spanish The American Dairy Association was so successful with its “Got Milk?” campaign, that it was decided to extend the ads to Mexico. Unfortunately, the Spanish translation was “Are you lactating?” When Braniff translated a slogan touting its upholstery, “Fly in leather,” it came out in Spanish as “Fly naked.” Coors put its slogan, “Turn it loose,” into Spanish, where it was read as “Suffer from diarrhea.” Chicken magnate Frank Perdue’s line, “It takes a tough man to make a tender chicken,” sounds much more interesting in Spanish: “It takes a sexually stimulated man to make a chicken affectionate.” Parker Pens translated the slogan for its ink, “Avoid Embarrassment—Use Quink” into Spanish as “Evite Embarazos—Use Quink”... which also means, “Avoid Pregnancy—Use Quink.” The Chevy Nova never sold well in Spanish speaking countries. “No va” means “It doesn’t go” in Spanish.

English to German A hair products company, Clairol, introduced the “Mist Stick”, a curling iron, into Germany only to find out that mist is slang for manure. Not too many people had use for the manure stick.

Not to be outdone, Puffs tissues tried later to introduce its product, only to learn that “Puff ” in German is a colloquial term for a whorehouse. The English weren’t too fond of the name either, as it’s a highly derogatory term for a non-heterosexual.

English to French In the French part of Canada, Hunt-Wesson introduced its “Big John” products as “Gros Jos.” It later found out that the phrase is slang for “big breasts.” Colgate introduced a toothpaste called “Cue” in France, but it turned out to be the same name as a well-known porn magazine. And “cul” (same pronunciation as “Cue” in French) also means anus (or ass) and is often used in insults like “asshole” (“trou du cul”).

English to Chinese

Bacardi concocted a fruity drink with the name “Pavian” to suggest French chic... but “Pavian” means “Baboon” in German.

When Kentucky Fried Chicken entered the Chinese market, to their horror they discovered that their slogan “Finger lickin’ good” came out as “Eat your fingers off.”

When Vicks first introduce its cough drops on the German market, they were chagrined to learn that the German pronunciation of “v” is f—which in German is the guttural equivalent of “sexual penetration.”

When Pepsi started marketing its products in China a few years back, they translated their slogan, “Pepsi Brings You Back to Life” pretty literally. The slogan in Chinese really meant, “Pepsi Brings Your Ancestors Back from the Grave.” Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 59

The hydroponic World of

United States

Emerald Garden All you ever wanted and more



844 University Ave Berkeley, CA 94710 (510) 549-1234 Fax: (510) 549-2582

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PLANT’ IT EARTH 1 Dorman Ave San Francisco, CA 94124 (415) 970-2465

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“Our business is growing greener one seed at a time”. Your indoor outdoor gardening specialist.

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93779 Troy Lane - Coos Bay, OR 97420 (541) 266-8822 Fax: (541) 266-9754

Our other two locations: 6100 Hanging Moss Rd. Suite 500 Orlando FL. 32807 phone # 407-647-4769 5561 South Orange Blossom Trail Orlando FL. 32802 Toll Free(888) 833-4769

3839 6th Ave Tacoma, WA (253) 761-7478 23303 Highway 99, Suite A Edmonds, WA (425) 673-2755

714 South Central Kent, WA (253) 373-9060 8606 Preston Fall City Rd. S.E. Preston, WA 98050 (425) 222-9661


1420 E. Altamonte Dr. Altamonte Springs FL. 32701 phone # 407-830-4769

north america 107 Falcon Drive (Hwy. 97 S) Williams Lake, BC V2G 5G7 Phone: (250) 398-2899 Fax: (250) 398-2896 Toll Free: 1-877-588-5855

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3 Ontario locations: Gloucester, Kitchener, North York

404 Maitland Drive #2 Belleville, ON K8N 4Z5 (613) 967-9888

1-800-489-2215 Hydroponics, fertilizers, lighting Home of Optimum Hydroponix®

Store hours: Open Mon.-Fri: 10am-6pm Sat.:10am-3pm Closed: Sundays


101-2689 Kyle Rd Kelowna, BC V1Z 2M9 (250) 769-7745 Fax: (250) 769-7748

3132, Isleville St. Halifax, N.S. 902-454-6646 B3K 3Y5

4-2133 Royal Windsor drive Mississauga, Ontario L5J 1K5

(905) 403-GROW (4769) 1-877-263-6287

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Chinese translation proved difficult for Coke, which took two tries to get it right. They first tried Ke-kou-ke-la because when pronounced it sounded roughly like Coca-Cola.It wasn’t until after thousands of signs had been printed that they discovered that the phrase means “bite the wax tadpole” or “female horse stuffed with wax,” depending on the dialect. Second time around things worked out much better. After researching 40,000 Chinese characters, Coke came up with “ko-kou-ko-le” which translates roughly to the much more appropriate “happiness in the mouth.”

English to Portuguese Ford introduced the Pinto in Brazil. After watching sales go nowhere, the company learned that “Pinto” is Brazilian slang for “tiny male genitals.” Ford pried the nameplates off all of the cars and substituted them with “Corcel” which means horse.

English to Italian In Italy, a campaign for “Schweppes Tonic Water” translated the name into the much less thirst quenching “Schweppes Toilet Water.”

Swedish to English Electrolux, a Scandinavian vacuum manufacturer, used this ad in the U.S.: “Nothing sucks like an Electrolux.”

For sales and advertising, contact:

And Last, but Not Least… African Hit and Miss Watch the Super Timor insecticide African TV ad on YouTube: This is an about 25 years old commercial coming from Ivory Coast—watch out for the great choreography! Translating from French: “Don’t kill mosquitoes by slapping your cheeks—ouch—slaps on your thighs—ouch—slaps on your arms—ouch—Super Timor is here! Super Timor is even stronger with its new formula, by the time they smell Super Timor’s odor, the bugs are already dead” Enjoy! When Gerber first started elling baby food in Africa, they used the same packaging as here in the USA—with the cute baby on the label. Later they found out that in Africa companies routinely put pictures on the label of what’s inside since most people can’t read.

Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 61

Botanicare By Bruno Bredoux


Some of the Products

History American Agritech, now known as Botanicare ®, started in the backroom of Treg Bradley’s growshop in 1992, when the retail dealer developed Pure Blend™, its first innovative product. At the time, customers who bought this very effective and environmentally friendly product were encouraged to return to the store with empty bottles to get refills. When demand skyrocketed and applications for refill spread, Treg realized he had found a niche. Four years later, in 1996, American Agritech was officially incorporated in Chandler, AZ, under the name Botanicare. It is now a thriving company with a staff of over 60, an international clientele and strong annual results.

Mission Botanicare specializes in products for indoor gardening and hydroponic nutrients. Its line of products offers nutrients for indoor crops and houseplants and includes a complete range of hydroponic nutrients emphasizing organic and bio-organic substances. The company has remained close to its customers. It is committed to home gardening and, with its innovative, easy to use and environmentally friendly products, strives to make it an accessible practice to every home. Hydroponic nutrients are formulated for use in soilless cultivation. Botanicare Nutrients, which include Botanicare Sweet™, Botanicare Pure Blend™ Original (metabolic Grow and Bloom formulas) and Pure Blend PRO™, are usually mixed with water to create a nutrient solution that reinforces plant roots.

Company Profile

The selection of appropriate nutrients to feed plants is important because the health and growth of the plant relies heavily on the type of fertilizer used. Botanicare Nutrients are designed with a combination of synthetic and organic materials to provide maximum benefit from both sources. They are one of the most complete lines of nutritional supplements available to increase the health of hydroponic plants as well as their performance and quality Botanicare Nutrients are available worldwide through a network of international distribution partners.

Botanicare Sweet™ Series

Botanicare Sweet™ is an organic synthesizer which is a scientifically formulated carbohydrate-based product containing organic acids, vitamins, amino acids and bioactive esters that enhance the flavor and aroma of plants. During the vegetative stage, the application of Sweet prevents the stems from becoming too thin and soft. At the beginning of the flowering cycle, Sweet ensures a smooth and stress-free state of growth to the plant. The constant application of Sweet during the stages of flowering and fruiting can maintain a balance between photosynthesis and breathing. Botanicare Sweet ‘Raw’ is the new entry in the series. Other flavors for ‘Sweet’ are grape, berry, and citrus, all natural mineral supplements.

Botanicare Pure Blend™ Original

Botanicare Pure Blend™ Original (metabolic Grow and Bloom formulas) is designed as a supplement to a nutrition program based on hydroponic fertilizers. It helps plants produce lush vegetation as well as larger fruits and flowers. It also yields compact plants that grow quickly and produce fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins and sugars. This nutrient solution is based on organic substances free of toxic byproducts such as urea and ammonium nitrate or heavy metals like mercury, selenium and arsenic. Whether it is applied to ornamentals or vegetables, a kitchen garden or an entertainment garden, Botanicare products will greatly improve crops. Botanicare nutrients can be found in the best garden centers and hydroponic grow shops.

Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 63


Questions and Answers about SUPERThrive® 5.

Environmentally valuable, producing a healthier living planet in many ways (see our two-page partial list of environmental benefits at

6. Durable: stays effective, stable under a wide range of conditions. 7.

Time-saving: saves times for production or leisure.


Adaptable for many uses.

8. Easy, simple to use.

By Dr. John A.A. Thomson, Ph.D., D.A., maker of SUPERThrive The following questions and answers are coming from typical reports by governments and leading growers.

Questions 1.

Could you so many of you be right in saying: “SUPERThrive is the best (or greatest) product in the world!” (for any purpose)?

2. If any product could really be the “best in the world”, what characteristics could qualify it to be such?

3. Would you agree that the characteristics listed below would describe it?

4. If so, since SUPERThrive users worldwide seem to share the observations that SUPERThrive always provides these qualities to a unique degree – is it indeed the “best/greatest product in the world”? 5.

If it isn’t – is there such a thing, and if so, what is it?

6. In any case, is it safe to reason that at least SUPERThrive is one of the few “best (or greatest) products in the world”?

Answers Here are the 27 characteristics of a “best, or greatest, product in the world”: 1.

Universal: usable by everyone, for everything in its purpose.

2. Consistent, reliable, predictable: anywhere, anytime. 3. Safe, non-toxic.

4. Fundamental, basic, helping life at the molecular level.

64 | Volume 6 – Issue 5

10. Available any time.

11. Gratifies with joy and happiness.

12. Ahead of its time, scientifically; conceivably forever.

13. Helps a wide range of industries, occupations, hobbyists, residents.

14. Helps psychological, mental, social interactions and leisure. 15. Beautifies environment exceptionally.

16. Economic: saving of fuel, work, and expenses in making pure components from more available substances. 17. Eases education, encouragement and economic abilities of children, handicapped and detained youths. 18. Enables a wide range of accomplishments.



19. Works on a wide range of materials, with a wide range of equipments. 20. Generally applicable, while still superior for specialized uses.

21. Respected by the most-knowledgeable scientists. 22. Appreciated loyally by practical users.

23. Respected by the most-knowledgeable business people. 24. Irreplaceable: provides highest level of success for its many purposes. 25. Self-proven by such an unchallenged reward-offer guarantee as, since 1940, $5,000 to the first to beat the product’s efficacy for its main purposes. 26. Self-proven by such a never-a-returnto-date money-back satisfaction guarantee as, since 1940, (to established businesses and public agencies) on large size (first gallon) of concentrate. 27. Publicly recognized: a)

Bought, used, praised by great numbers of governmental agencies;

b) National tribute as by U.S. Congress’ protection of its non-toxic constituency information by 10 lines of U.S. law, sponsored by 3,000 professional petitions and 36 associations.

(They clarify that if any user knew how to make the product, they would go abroad rather than publish how to make it).

Vitamin Institute 12610 Saticoy Avenue South North Hollywood, CA 91601, U.S.A. Tel: 1-800-441-8482 Fax: 1-818-766-8482 Volume 6 – Issue 5 | 65

The Indoor Gardener Magazine March April 2011