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Vol. 42, No. 2






USDA Wildlife Services What It All Boils Working to Determine Down To Extent of Feral Swine in NH ABOVE PHOTO

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USDA Wildlife Services

Federal News



USDA Wildlife Services (WS) says feral swine have arguably become the most invasive and destructive large animal species in North America. Above, a feral hog is captured on a trail cam. (photo credit: WS)

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SDA Wildlife Services (WS) is actively working to determine the extent of the feral swine presence in New Hampshire and Vermont and map any distinct populations. To date, WS has primarily relied on reports from the public to pinpoint swine locations and areas of damage, with varying success. During 2020, WS is undertaking a large-scale trail camera study in Grafton and Sullivan Counties in NH, and Windsor and Orange Counties in Vermont to expand monitoring efforts in key feral swine habitat. WS is also interested in obtaining fresh blood and tissue samples from the carcasses of harvested and road killed feral swine for disease testing and biological data collection. The results of this effort will help protect agriculture and natural resources of New Hampshire. Free-ranging feral swine or more commonly called wild pig, wild boar or feral hog, can be found from Florida to Washington with an estimated population of over 6 million nationwide. Feral swine are not native to North America and have expanded their range from 17 to 35 states in the last 30 FER A L SW I N E - CON T I N UED ON PAGE 9

New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation 295 Sheep Davis Road, Concord, NH 03301 CHANGE SERVICE REQUESTED

Maple season is a uniquely special time in New Hampshire. Sugarmakers across the state invite the public to warm up beside the evaporator, taste samples, and learn about the rich history of maple syrup production. For John and Jennifer Scarinza, it’s no different. This year’s Carlisle Award winners for best syurp in NH welcome guests to their Randolph sugarhouse each Spring to share their love of everything maple with each other and the community. MAPLE – Page 16

Farm Bureau Scholarships Learn more about available Farm Bureau Scholarships for NH students on pg. 7



PAID Permit #1 N. Haverhill, NH


ගඐඍ ඞ඗එඋඍ ඗ඎ ඉඏකඑඋඝඔගඝකඍ. The official newspaper of the New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation.

The Communicator

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March/April 2020

ForWard Thinking By Denis Ward, New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation President

New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation President Denis Ward, Old Homestead Farm, Monroe, NH


he American Farm Bureau Federation Annual Convention and Trade Show, held in Austin, Texas, was a pleasant experience again this year. Jay and Leandra Pritchard, winners of the 2019 NHFB Achievement Award, and the Excellence in Agriculture Award winner, Nicole Glines, kept up the tradition of New Hampshire greatness as they competed at the national level. Unfortunately, they did not win, but should be proud of how well they represented our state. In a nutshell, the convention was great, the city was easy to visit, and President Trump, along with U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue made an appearance for the third year in a row at our convention. The policies that New Hampshire sent on to AFBF, including keeping the definition of spring lamb as it is and many dairy related policies, were well received and were voted in by the delegates. You can read more about the AFBF Convention on page 14 & 15. Next year’s convention will be held in San Diego. It is the time of the year when we debate proposed legislation amongst ourselves and with other stakeholders. I smile when I hear the argument, far too often, that we should have legislation because one of our neighboring states has it or is going to. Most of the time I think the neighboring states should be trying to emulate us. We are doing a lot right here in New Hampshire already. I was honored with a recent request to appear on Neil Cavuto Live, a Fox News show. I invited our Communications Director, Josh Marshall, to attend with me. I thought it would be a good experience and he could lend a little help

if I needed it. We got there a bit early but were rewarded with the chance to talk with former NH Governor John Lynch as well as with current Governor Chris Sununu, both of whom were on the show before me. I have done enough media programs that by now I should know that what they say you will be talking about may not be what their focus is on when they get you in the chair. We talked about foreign trade and President Trump, but what I was prepared for had more to do with the needs of New Hampshire farmers, so I will express a few of my thoughts on that here. Farmers don’t need more rules, regulations and paperwork. Our farms are relatively small in the whole scheme of things and our farmers want to be out working, not reporting to some bureaucrat. If any elected official or legislator is considering an agriculture issue or policy, they should contact the farmers, NHFB, one of the Land Grant Universities, Cooperative Extension, the Department of Agriculture, Conservation Districts or other agricultural organizations for advice. These are the experts that can save us a lot of hassle down the road. More often than not, with regards to laws and rules, less is more. At the same time make sure the reliable sources of research and information (such as the Extension Service) that farmers depend on are maintained. Stop making climate change and global warming a political issue for farmers. The farmers’ priority already is the environment - clean water, air and healthy soils. New Hampshire has gone from being predominantly open land to 80% or more forested. We are increasingly using better practices, as an industry, such as no-till and cover cropping. Farmers cannot farm sustainably without continuing to improve on what we do. We don’t need more laws to tell us that. Farmers need immigration reform. Farming is labor intensive and with the extreme shortage of local laborers willing to do farm work we need immigrant labor available to us. The current H-2A program is not functioning well and long-term labor is not even available through the program. Farmers need to be paid a reasonable price for their product. With some commodities it is just not happening. And finally, it would be nice if some of the nonfarming public took the time to learn where their food and fiber come from and just how important agriculture is. For what it is worth,


INSIDE March/April 2020 County & Committee News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Local Meat Producers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Eye on Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Classifieds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

New Hampshire Farm Bureau President Denis Ward speaks with a reporter from WKXAN in Austin, Texas, at the American Farm Bureau Federation Annual Convention and Trade Show. Ward and AFBF Vice President Scott VanderWal were both featured in the news clip.

March/April 2020

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

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Farm Credit East Provides Scholarships to Four Future Agricultural Leaders Farm Credit East has awarded four scholarships to students involved in The National Future Farmers of America (FFA) Organization to support their Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE). The scholarship recipients had strong projects and expressed a clear understanding of their projects’ impact on their future careers in agriculturally related fields. “Farm Credit East is committed to supporting the next generation of Northeast agriculture,” said Farm Credit East CEO Mike Reynolds. “These aspiring students have drive and passion, and their SAE projects are an important part of their development. We’re pleased to support their endeavors on their route to a career in an agriculturally related field.” The following students each received a $500 scholarship to support their current SAE project or to enhance their knowledge of the agriculture, commercial fishing or forest products industries. Andrea Majewski, of Keene High School and FFA chapter, in Keene, NH. Her entrepreneurship SAE is focused around breeding, showing, and marketing beef cattle. Bailey Hirschboeck, of Killingly High School and FFA chapter, in Killingly, CT. She has built her entrepreneurship SAE around breeding, showing, and marketing Nigerian Dwarf Goats. Joanna Turner, of Lyman Hall High

School and FFA Chapter, in Wallingford, CT. Through her placement SAE Joanna has managed the animal science facilities, aquaculture facilities, and greenhouses for her agriculture program. Chelsea Fowler, of Nonnewaug High School and Woodbury FFA Chapter, in Newtown, CT. Her entrepreneurship SAE is focused on the production and marketing of garlic to local and online consumers.

These scholarships are part of a program offering four scholarships twice per year. Farm Credit East is currently accepting applications for the June 30, 2020 deadline. Applicants must be active in their local FFA chapter and reside within the seven states Farm Credit East serves. To apply for a Farm Credit East FFA scholarship, please visit FarmCreditEast. com/FFAscholarship, or contact a Farm Credit East branch office.

Andrea Majewski of Keene High School and FFA chapter in Keene, NH was one of four recipients of a Farm Credit East scholarship to help with her Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE). Andrea’s SAE is focused around breeding, showing, and marketing beef cattle. (Photo courtesy Majewski family)


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The Communicator

March/April 2020

2020 Farm, Forest & Garden Expo Board of Directors Executive Committee President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Denis Ward 1st Vice President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Joyce Brady 2nd Vice President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tom McElroy 2nd Vice President. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Leandra Pritchard Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Howard Pearl President, Associated Women . . . . . . . Elaine Moore Co - Chair, Young Farmer Committee. Ammy Rice Amelia Aznive County Presidents Belknap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brian Matarozzo Carroll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . David Babson Cheshire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beth Hodge Coos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Joyce Brady Grafton. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kristen May Hillsboro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trevor Hardy Merrimack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Leandra Pritchard Rockingham . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Phil Ferdinando Strafford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Matt Scruton Sullivan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bob Cunniff Staff Executive Director. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Diane Clary Policy Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Robert Johnson, II Communications Director. . . . . . . . .Josh Marshall Office Assistant/Receptionist. . . . . . . . . . Portia Jackson

New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation 295 Sheep Davis Rd. Concord, NH 03301 Phone: 603-224-1934 Fax: 603-228-8432 www.nhfarmbureau.org NHFBF Standing Committee Chairs Dairy: Beth Hodge, Hinsdale Energy: Henry Ahern, Plymouth Equine: Jozi Best, Unity Government Affairs: Erick Sawtelle, Lee Horticulture: Seth Wilner, Newport Livestock & Poultry: Henry Ahern, Plymouth Ernie Vose, Walpole Membership: Sandy Salo, Marlow Policy Development: Joyce Brady, Columbia Profile Award: Ernie Vose, Walpole Young Farmer: Ammy Rice, Milford Amelia Aznive, Concord

Above: New Hampshire Farm Bureau President Denis Ward and Executive Director Diane Clary show off another blue ribbon for excellence in educational exhibit at the NH Farm, Forest & Garden Exposition in Manchester. Below: Baby chicks are always a fan favorite at the Farm Bureau exhibit during the NH Farm, Forest & Garden Exposition. Bottom: This year’s Andrew L. Felker Memorial Award was given posthumously to Tyler Hardy of Brookdale Fruit Farm in Hollis. Tyler’s brother Trevor, mother Leigh, and father Chip were there along with Tyler’s wife Madison and son Edwin (not pictured) who accepted the award on Tylers behalf.


he 37th annual NH Farm, Forest & Garden Exposition wrapped up another successful fair this February. The event featured a busy trade show showcasing the latest in agricultural and forest technology and educational workshops and demonstrations with something for everyone, from the hobbyist to the professional. The annual industry awards reception, held on February 14th, recognized individuals and businesses for outstanding contributions to their industry. The winners are as follows: NH Farms of Distinction: Chinquapin Hill Farm Pittsfield, Stone Mountain Farm - Belmont, and Tensen Farm - Lyme. New Hampshire Green Pastures Dairy Farmer of the Year Award: Fitch Farm, LLC - Milford. Fred E. Beane Memorial Award: NH Timberland Owners Associations. This award is given out for fair, accurate and effective reporting of news and issues impacting farming and forestry. Stephen H Taylor Agricultural Leadership Award: Mike Lynch. This award recognizes outstanding work by an individual who works professionally in the field of agriculture. Andrew L. Felker Memorial Award: Tyler Hardy. This award recognizes significant contributions to the health and vitality of NH agriculture. -NH Department of Agriculture, Markets & Foods

The Communicator Where NH Farmers Turn For News editor@nhfarmbureau.org The opinions expressed within this publication are not necessarily those of the New Hampshire Farm Bureau. The Communicator is published six times a year, by New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation. Subscription comes with membership. It is received in the homes of over 3,000 NHFB members. Presorted standard postage paid at N. Haverhill, N.H. Deadlines for submissions, advertisements and calendar listings are the first Friday of the month for the following month’s issue. For advertising information contact the NHFB office at 224-1934.

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Ag Day 2020 M

arch 24, 2020 is National Agriculture Day. National Ag Day is a day to recognize and celebrate the abundance provided by agriculture across the country. Every year, producers, agricultural associations like Farm Bureau, companies, schools, and government agencies join in with the public to recognize and applaud the contributions of agriculture in our lives. We want you to get involved too! Why not share a picture on social media of how you are celebrating National Ag Day? Use the hashtag #AgDay2020 and we may share your photos, videos, and links with the rest of our members! However you get involved, remember, National Ag Day is for celebrating agriculture here in New Hampshire and across the country. Whether you decide to support an agricultural organization, share on social media, or learn about farming in another part of the world, just get out there and celebrate! Happy National Ag Day!

March/April 2020

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

The Zipline The Three-Legged Stool of Good Rulemaking Rules are more likely to be followed if they are clear and well understood. Rules are more likely to be supported if the people who must follow them agree they are needed and they are lawful. And rules are more likely to achieve their purpose if they meet the prior criteria: people support them and can follow them. That three-legged stool of good rulemaking is represented by the new Navigable Waters Protection Rule issued Jan. 23 by the Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The new, clearer definition of “waters of the United States” for purposes of federal regulatory jurisdiction under the Clean Water Act will end decades of confusion and litigation over which parts of a farmer’s or rancher’s land require federal permission to farm. Let’s take a look at the first leg of the stool: clear and easy to understand. The new rule clearly establishes four categories of water or land that are regulated at the federal level. Equally important, it clarifies the categories that are not “waters of the U.S.,” such as areas of a field that hold water only after a heavy rain. Wetlands converted to farmland decades ago are excluded. Most upland ditches are excluded. “Adjacent wetlands” covered under the new rule are clearly defined to be directly abutting or connecting to jurisdictional waters.

Vincent “Zippy” Duvall, a poultry, cattle and hay producer from Greene County, Georgia, is the 12th president of the American Farm Bureau Federation. In fact, Farm Bureau for years has been calling for federal agencies to issue a rule that provides clarity and predictability. We’ve called for a rule that aligns with the Clean Water Act and with the direction given by the Supreme Court. What we could not support is a rule, like the now-repealed 2015 rule, that would create more confusion, risk and bureaucracy for the people who grow our food. Finally, this new rule will effectively protect clean water. If your arm is broken, the doctor doesn’t put a cast on your leg. But that’s just about what would have happened under the 2015 WOTUS rule. Instead of focusing on navigable waters and those waters with a direct connection to navigable waters, the 2015 rule was aimed squarely at controlling what farmers and others could do on land miles away. It was a federal land grab, plain and simple.

AFBF President Zippy Duvall sees the new Navigable Waters Protection Rule issued Jan. 23 as an example of good rulemaking. It’s “clear and easy to understand,” it’s “supported by the people who are most directly affected,” and ultimately it will “effectively protect clean water.”

The lines between what’s “in” and what’s “out” are clear enough that a farmer doesn’t have to hire a team of engineers and lawyers to find out if the land can be farmed. That’s a big improvement over the 2015 Waters of the U.S. rule, which gave federal agencies too much leeway to declare almost any area of a farmer’s or rancher’s land a water of the U.S., even if it was far away from navigable waters. I’ve always said that anyone ought to be able to look out on a field and easily see which parts of the land are regulated by the federal government and which areas are not. Second, the rule is supported by the people who are most directly affected, farmers and ranchers and other landowners. Clean water is a priority for farmers and ranchers. We know that a new rule is needed both to protect water quality and to provide certainty for landowners. Without this rule, it’s nearly impossible for a landowner to know which parts of the land are considered WOTUS.

The Trump Administration’s new Navigable Waters Protection Rule focuses the treatment where it is needed, a large reason why we believe it will achieve its purpose of enhancing water quality. There’s been a lot of misinformation in the news media about the new rule. It doesn’t “roll back” anything. It provides more effective water protection, with clear lines of authority to make those protections work. And it rightly asks the states to do their part, with the cooperative federalism envisioned by Congress when it passed the Clean Water Act. Farm Bureau members have worked long and hard for this rule, and we would not have it without their dedicated advocacy efforts. Rather than taking a victory lap, we should celebrate this win by correcting misinformation about the new rule and letting our government officials know that we support it. The Navigable Waters Protection Rule is clear, supported by the people it regulates, and designed to achieve its purpose—the three-legged stool of good rulemaking.

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WELCOME - NEW Members! (December December 9, 2019 - February 12, 2020 )








Division of Weights & Measures 2020 Farm Scale CertificationClinic Schedule Scale clinics are for businesses that grow and sell their own agricultural products at farmers markets or at a farm stand. The clinics are free to growers who have three ore fewer scales under 100 lb capacity and no other commercial devises on their license.

March 26 UNH Cooperative Extension 315 DW Highway, Boscawen 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM

April 28 Chappell Professional Center 468 Route 13 South, Milford 10:00 AM - 1:00 PM

April 2 Keene Recreation Center 312 Washington St., Rm #14, Keene 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM

April 30 UNH Cooperative Extension Office 113A North Rd., Brentwood 11:00 AM - 3:00 PM

April 7 Wentworth Greenhouses 141 Rollins Rd., Rollinsford 11:00 AM - 3:00 PM

May 14 UNH Cooperative Extension Office 24 Main St., Newport 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM

April 16 Chappell Professional Center 468 Route 13 South, Milford 10:00 AM - 1:00 PM

May 27 North Country Resource Center 629 A Main St., Lancaster 12:00 PM - 2:00 PM

April 21 UNH Cooperative Extension 315 DW Highway, Boscawen 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM

June 11 State House Annex 25 Capitol St., Rm #201, Concord 10:00 AM - 2:00 PM

For more information go to: www.agriculture.nh.gov or call Division of Weights & Measures at 603-271-2894

The Communicator

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March/April 2020

Mission Critical! Contact USDA Farm Service Agency Now to Enroll in Key Safety Net Programs - March 16 Deadline By Jeffrey Holmes, NH State Executive Director, USDA Farm Service Agency


he clock is ticking… March 16 is THE LAST day to make what is likely one of the most important business decisions you will make for your farming operation this year. If you have not already visited your local Farm Service Agency (FSA) county office to make your election for either the Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) or the Price Loss Coverage (PLC) program and to sign your annual enrollment contract, you should call and make your appointment now. Many of you are gearing up to head to the field for spring planting, but I cannot stress enough the importance of not letting this deadline get lost in the hectic day-to-day obligations of farm life. If you fail to enroll for 2019 ARC or PLC, you will be ineligible to receive a payment for the 2019 crop year.

ARC and PLC provide financial protections to farmers from substantial drops in crop prices or revenues and are vital economic safety nets for most American farms. These programs cover 20 commodities produced in the U.S. FSA anticipates more than 1.7 million producers will enroll in ARC or PLC - that’s a lot of producers to assist in a short period of time. As of Feb. 15, FSA records in New Hampshire show 146 farms out of an expected 341 farms have completed ARC or PLC enrollment for the 2019 crop year. Want to maximize your time visiting with FSA? Inquire about deadlines and options for also enrolling in 2020 ARC or PLC and updating PLC payment yields. Our staff will help you make the most out of your visit or set you up with a future

appointment to help check FSA programs off your lengthy “to do” list. If you’re still unsure about the choice of ARC or PLC, we offer online decision tools to help you determine the best program election for your farming operation. To access these tools, visit www. fsa.usda.gov/arc-plc. Call FSA today for an appointment. To locate your local FSA office, visit farmers.gov/servicecenter-locator. We know that time is money… so make the time to avoid losing the money

County & Committee News CHESHIRE COUNTY FARM BUREAU Organizing and maintaining a county Farm Bureau takes dedication from volunteer leaders. Our elected officers do a great job; here’s a quick reminder of our slate of officers: President Beth Hodge, Vice President - Frank Linnenbringer, Treasureer - Mark Florenze, Clerk - Elaine Moore. Our March meeting will be held at Stuart & John’s in Westmoreland. Cheshire County Representatives and Senators have been invited to attend and will be available to answer questions from the audience regarding farming and agriculture laws proposed for this year. We will also continue to utilize the New Hampshire Agriculture in the Classroom book of the year to bring accurate agriculture education to young people in school. The goal is to read this year’s book, Right This Very Minute, at local schools. If you would like to be involved please contact CCFB Clerk Elaine Moore who will get you a copy of the book. Lets get a great turnout this year! Young people enjoy these books and visits from farmers.

MERRIMACK COUNTY FARM BUREAU Attention students and parents of students: It is scholarship season!

MCFB offers scholarships annually. As long as you are an active NHFB member from Merrimack County, you will qualify for our scholarship! Preferences go to agriculture-related majors first, but we have awarded scholarships to many other majors in the past. Last year, we awarded three $500 scholarships to deserving students! Application details can be found on the NHFB website and our Facebook page. Applications are due on May 15th! More details about our Annual Vet Clinic will be in the next issue of The Communicator and soon on our Facebook page. This clinic is held annually the beginning of June

to administer CVI & licensed rabies vaccines for the fair season. All NHFB members receive free and discounted vaccines! As always, feel free to contact MCFB President, Leandra Pritchard, with any questions you may have regarding Farm Bureau at 603210-2460 or pritchardfarms13@ gmail.com. Stay in touch with us on Facebook at facebook.com/ MerrimackCountyFarmBureau.

SULLIVAN COUNTY FARM BUREAU The Sullivan County Farm Bureau had to postpone our February 8th meeting on agricultural strategies for the 21st century due to the illness of the presenter. The meeting will be rescheduled later in the year, once a date has been set for our annual legislative dinner. The School to Farm Committee has been meeting in preparation for our third annual School to Farm Day at the Sullivan County Complex on May 11th. We have received several donations in support of School to Farm.

The Associated Women of New Hampshire Farm Bureau met in February at the NH Department of Agriculture, Markets & Food to hear from Director of Agricultural Development Gail McWilliam Jellie on the topic of food waste. After an eye-opening presentation, AW members decided that this topic will be a focus of their upcoming year.

YOUNG FARMER COMMITTEE The NHFB Young Farmer Committee is looking forward to hosting our annual Legislative Breakfast this spring at Pritchard Farm in Pembroke. This year’s event will take place on April 7th and will be catered by “ER Catering” out of Strafford County. Young farmers, legislators, and town officials should keep their eyes peeled for invitations to come.

If you want your County Farm Bureau or Farm Bureau Committee news listed in the County & Committee News section, please contact Josh Marshall at editor@ nhfarmbureau.org or contact your County President or Secretary! A full listing of County Leaders can be found at www.nhfarmbureau.org

March/April 2020

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

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2020 Farm Bureau SCHOLARSHIPS Abbie Sargent Memorial Scholarship Applicants for the 2020 Abbie Sargent Memorial Scholarship must be a resident of New Hampshire, a graduate of an approved public/private high school with average or better grades. Additionally, they must demonstrate acceptance of responsibility and financial need. Applicants must be a full or part-time student at an institute of higher learning. Preference will be given to those enrolled in an agriculture related study. The application deadline has been extended, all applications must be submitted by April 15, 2020. Applications are available at nhfarmbureau.org under the AGRICULTURE tab. Contact NHFB Executive Director, Diane Clary, at 224-1934 for more information. Cheshire County Farm Bureau Scholarship

Coos County Farm Bureau Scholarship

Rockingham County Farm Bureau Scholarship

Award(s) will be presented to residents of Coos County graduating from any of the county’s high schools who are furthering their education in agriculture at a two-year college, four-year college, or technical school. Applicants must demonstrate academic achievement and interest in agriculture. Eligible applicant must have a declared agricultural major (such as agriculture, forestry, veterinary medicine, horticulture, diesel mechanics). Submissions are due no later than April 24, 2020. For complete scholarship guide and application, vist the NHFB website.

This scholarship is available to members/residents of Rockingham County with preference given to members of Rockingham County Farm Bureau families. A selection committee will evaluate applications and select the student receiving the award. The winner will be contacted by RCFB Secretary, Heather Fernald. Application must be submitted to RCFB by April 17, 2020. For more information or to obtain a hard copy of this application, contact the secretary of RCFB, Heather Fernald, 603.679.1066 or RCFB.NH@gmail.com, or pick one up from the high school guidance office. Applications will be made available to all high schools in Rockingham County.

Deadline: April 24, 2020 Grafton County Farm Bureau Scholarship Scholarship(s) are awarded annually to a Grafton County resident(s). Students must have an agricultural background, be pursuing a career in an agricultural related industry, and establish a fi nancial need. For full application details, visit the NHFB website.

Cheshire County Farm Bureau is offering scholarship money to a Cheshire County resident who is pursuing a post high school education. The applicant or his/her family must be a member of Cheshire County Farm Bureau. This scholarship is available to all students, youth or adult, attending post-secondary school. Anyone can apply even if he/she has been the recipient of the scholarship award in the past. For full details and application, visit the NHFB website.

Deadline: April 3, 2020

Deadline: September 1, 2020

Deadline: May 15, 2020

Merrimack County Farm Bureau Scholarship The Trudy Gay Memorial Scholarship and the “Chip” McNamara Memorial Scholarship are awarded annually. For full eligibility details and application, please visit the NHFB website. For more information, contact the Merrimack County Farm Bureau Secretary, Todd Laroque at merrimackcountyfb@gmail.com.

Deadline: April 17, 2020 Strafford County Farm Bureau Scholarship A scholarship/grant award program offers funding to small to medium sized projects designed to promote agricultural education, programs, and opportunities for youth. Awarded annually. For application information, visit the NHFB website or contact Strafford County Farm Bureau President Matt Scruton at tenrodfarm@gmail.com

Download applications for these scholarships and view many more agriculture-related scholarship resources at www.nhfarmbureau.org/2020scholarship-information

The Adverse Effect of the H-2A Wage Rate By Allison Crittenden, AFBF Director of Congressional Relations


armers who use the H-2A program must pay workers the Adverse Effect Wage Rate — a wage rate designed to ensure that guest worker wages will not depress the wages of domestic workers in similar occupations. Perhaps this concept would make sense if there were many domestic workers willing to work on farms. However, we continue to see signs of worker shortages in agriculture, such as the increased use of the H-2A program. We also hear stories of farmers plowing fields under simply because they didn’t have the hands available for harvest. As American unemployment continues to be under 4%, and workers in the U.S. have many job opportunities across different sectors, agriculture is becoming more reliant on guest workers to feed our nation and the world. As required wages under the guest worker program continue to increase, the real adverse effect to consider is the American farmers’ ability to stay open for business and compete against imports from countries with lower labor costs. The 2020 national average AEWR increased 6% compared to the year before, placing additional financial strain on farmers after a challenging 2019. This 6% increase is just the nationwide “average” for 2020, as there

are several different AEWR regions in which wages are determined. In some of these regions, farmers will be forced to absorb increases of nearly 10%; some of those same farmers experienced increases of more than 22% in 2019. These AEWR increases far outpace the average wage growth experienced across the broader U.S. and come at a time when revenues for labor intensive crops stagnate. In fact, over the last five years revenues for fruits and nuts have only increased 3%, and revenues for vegetables and melons have not increased at all. While American farmers are required to pay their H-2A employees more and more each year, the United States continues to import produce from Mexico as well as Central and South America, where workers are paid in a day what H-2A workers make in one hour in the United States. Compared to 1980, the U.S. imports 10 times more fruit into our nation’s marketplace, and vegetable imports have almost quadrupled. This can be attributed to consumer demand for year-round fresh consumption, improved transportation and cold storage in other countries, improvements in technology that allow crops to grow in new places, trade agreements that reduced tariffs and other barriers to trade and foreign growers that have the advantage of

Farmers who use the H-2A program must pay workers the Adverse Effect Wage Rate - a wage rate designed to ensure that guest worker wages will not depress the wages of domestic workers in similar occupations

lower labor costs. As prices fail to keep up with rising labor costs in the U.S., farmers struggle. As evidence, Chapter 12 family farm bankruptcies over the previous 12 months increased 24% compared to prior-year levels. When farms are unable to be profitable, it affects farm families as well as the larger rural economy. Without successful farms, the businesses that provide products, services and economic support to farmers and our rural communities suffer too — another adverse effect of the AEWR. As it becomes more expensive to grow food in the United States, we

will continue to see businesses pursue agriculture in countries where costs of production are more manageable. If American farmers are to succeed, it is imperative our legislators recognize that we must reform our guest worker program to incentivize agricultural production in the U.S., instead of pushing it outside our borders. Although the AEWR was designed to protect wages for domestic employees, the real adverse effect taking place now is the demise of labor-intensive agriculture in the U.S. and the rise of agricultural production in other countries.

The Communicator

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Local Meat Producer List Belknap County Beans ӕ Greens Farm - Gilford Andrew Howe - 293-2853 beansandgreensfarm@msn.com www.beansandgreensfarm.com Grass fed beef, GMO free pork, chicken, turkey.

Birch Rise Farm - Sanbornton Kate Osgood - 259-6660 birchrisefarm@gmail.com www.birchrisefarm.com Pasture raised Berkshire pork by the cuts, halves, or wholes and poultry by the cuts or wholes. Pasture raised eggs. Like us on Facebook!

Hammer Down Farm - Gilmanton Alicia & Ryan Smith - 387-3448 hdfarmllc@yahoo.com Locally and naturally raised beef by the cuts, halves and wholes. Pork by the cuts, halves and wholes. Raw milk and butter from our jerseys. Like us on Facebook!

HT Farm LLC - Belmont Tim Duval - 630-5505 tcbw275@gmail.com Find us on Facebook at HT Farm LLC. Gras fed, farm-raised, USDA beef. Produce and maple syrup.

LorrenJoyce Farm - Barnstead Amy & Brian Matarozzo - 235-5780 lorrenjoycefarm.com Naturally raised beef. USDA approved. All cryovac packaging.

Shepherd’s Hut Market - Gilford Jeff & Joyce Keyser - 527-1873 or 393-4696 or jekeyser@metrocast.net Certified USDA freezer lamb. Various cuts fresh frozen and vacuum sealed.

Wooded Valley Acres - Gilmanton IW Elizabeth and Cory Bower - 393-1083Woodedvalleyacres@gmail.com Pasture raised pork, free range chicken and duck eggs, free range turkey, free range rabbit.

Carroll County Mountain Laurel Farm - Sanbornville Robert Bevard - 986 - 8480 rbbevard@yahoo.com USDA Labels, homegrown, pasture raised pork, lamb, and chevon.

Remick Country Doctor Museum ӕ Farm - Tamworth Sheena Harte - 323-7591 sharte@remickmuseum.org Farm-rasied ground beef, breakfast and sweet Italian sausage.

Run Away Farm - Ossipee Dave Babson - 539-4928 davbab@worldpath.net Naturally raised beef. Fed grain, hay and grass only.

Top of the Hill Farm - Wolfeboro Alan Fredrickson - 569-3137 topofthehillfarm@metrocast.net Beef - pasture exposed and all natural by the piece, 1/4, 1/2 or whole

Cheshire County Archway Farm - Keene Mark Florenz - 352-3198 mark.florenz@gmail.com http://www.archway.farm/ Pasture raised heritage pork; whole, half, or individual cuts. See our website for details.

East Hill Farm - Troy Dave Adams - 242-6495 info@east-hill-farm.com Whole, half, or individual cuts available of pork, beef, lamb and goat.

Earth Haven Farm - Marlborough Mary & George Iselin - 876-4036 earthhavenfarm.com USDA labeled pkg hamburger, roasts, steaks at our farm store or 1/4, 1/2, or whole for cuts to customer specifications.

JHF Stable ӕ Livestock - Alstead John & Hazell Fuller - 835-6509 USDA vacuumed packed Beefalo and grass fed on the farm Alstead.

Mad Brook Farm - Alstead Tom Hancock - 835-6526 madbrookfarmllc@gmail.com www.madbrookfarmllc.com Meat rabbits, breeding stock, & meat. Cross between NZ, Satin, Creme d’Argent, Calif, Flemish, Silver Fox.

Manning Hill Farm - Winchester Sarah Costa - 239-4397 Grass fed heritage beef, pasture raised heritage pork, by the individual cut or in bulk-half and whole sides. Pasture rasied whole roasting chickens.

Coos County CJEJ Farm Meat House - Columbia Chris & Joyce Brady - 922-3305 USDA inspected cuts of beef, pork, lamb, and chevon. Chicken (whole and parts) and Thanksgiving turkeys also available. All grown on our farm with our own homemade grain. Store open year round.

Northwinds Farm – N. Stratford Scott & Heidi Mason - 922-8377 northwindsfarm1@yahoo.com USDA inspected, vacuum packed beef, lamb and veal. Sold by the side or cut. Also available through the Barn Store of New England in Salisbury, NH.

Grafton County Bonnie Brae Farms - Plymouth Henry Ahern - 536-3880 bonniebraefarms.com Farm-raised Red Deer venison, velvet antler, hard antler and hides. Also breeding stock. The deer are primarily grass and hay fed. USDA inspected.

Field Acres Farms - Canaan Tim and Lynn Braley - 523-4943 fieldacresfarm@earthlink.net Farm raised Beef by the individual cut and Pasture Raised Heritage Pork by the individual cut or by the 1/2 or whole pig. All individual cuts of beef and pork are USDA processed and fresh frozen with vacuum seal. We also sell free range chicken eggs.

Rocky Road Tunis Farm - Bath Deb Robie - 747-3869 wehunt4@myfairpoint.net Local Lamb. Slow Grown Farm - Plymouth Jean Poulin - 412-2133 We have various cuts of Scottish Highland beef. USDA cut, shrink wrapped, and frozen. Fresh eggs are available daily, as is our goat’s milk soap.

March/April 2020

StoneFen Farm, llc - Haverhill

Yankee Farmers’ Market - Warner

Lora Goss - 481-0017 Our Herefords and Red Devons were carefully selected for the efficient conversion of natural grasses and legumes into a better beef. Our beef is 100% grass fed & finished yielding a nutrient dense meat that is both tender and delicious. Please call for more info or for a visit!

Brian & Keira Farmer - 456-2833 yankeefarmersmarket.com Offering farm raised, all natural certified USDA buffalo, venison, elk, grass fed beef, lamb, chicken, turkey and pork. Our farm has an on farm store open year round, distributes to retail and wholesale acounts, offering a wide variety of individual cuts.

Hillsboro County Barrett Hill Farm - Mason The LeClairs - 878-4022 barretthill@myfairpoint.net or visit our website barrethillfarm.com Beef, pork and lamb.

Butternut Farm/Milford Goat Dairy - Milford Noreen O’Connell - 732-2654 noreenoc@comcast.net or visit our website butternutfarmmilford.com USDA Processed goat. Various cuts and sausage. Flash frozen and vacuum sealed. Raw goat milk and cheeses.

Kinney’s Farm - Brookline Travis & Marcalyn Kinney - 673-5956 kinneysfarm@yahoo.com Selling our own naturally raised grass fed beef, pork, poultry and fresh eggs at our farm stand. Check us out on Facebook for all our products and hours. Open year round.

Paradise Farm - Lyndeborough Wayne & Adrienne Colsia - 345-0860 wayne@paradisefarmnh.com www.paradisefarmnh.com 100% grass-fed beef, grass-fed lamb, pasture raised pork, free-range eggs, all natural goat milk.

Leel Farm – New Ipswich Butch Leel - 562-0860 bleel@comcast.net Pasture Raised Beef.

Temple Mountain Beef - Temple Mark Salisbury - 878-4290 Beef by the side – cut and packaged to order.

Trombly Gardens - Milford Sean Trombly - 673-4725 Beef, pork, lamb and chicken.

Merrimack County Bokaja - Webster 648-2520 or 470-6276 Local turkeys - various sizes.

Elior Acres, LLC - Bradford Denise Renk - 938-2771 info@EliorAcres.com EliorAcres.com USDA heritage pork and goat. Heritage Chocolate Turkey, Rouen Duck, and Buckeye Chicken.

Miles Smith Farm - Loudon Bruce Dawson or Carole Soule 783-5159 Locally raised beef in retail packages with USDA labels.

Off A Bit Farm LLC - Danbury Laura Kilkenny - 530-2496 offabitfarm@yahoo.com We are a small family farm offering naturally raised, USDA processed and packaged goat meat. We also sell rabbit meat, eggs, raw goat milk and raw goat milk yogurt. See our website: www.offabitfarm.com for all our offerings. Like us on Facebook!

Schroeder Farm - South Newbury Bill Schroeder - 938-5911 bangus@tds.net Black Angus beef by the side or individual cuts. USDA inspected, all grass fed. Roaster Chickens 10-12 pounds, all natural grain fed.

Rockingham County Great Bay Farm - Greenland Allen Smith - 969-9948 greatbayfarm@gmail.com Various Cuts USDA inspected frozen beef.

JӕF Farms Inc. - Derry Melissa Dolloff - 437-0535 farmstand@JFfarms.com All cuts of frozen beef.

Mandico Farm Cattle Co. - Nottingham Conrad & Kathy Mandsager - 770-1948 Kathy.mandsager@comcast.net Farm-raised, Grass fed Highland natural beef.

Strafford County Coppal House Farm - Lee John & Carol Hutton - 659-3572 coppalhouse@comcast.net USDA certified pasture raised lamb and pork products. All cuts are flash frozen and vacuum sealed. Various cuts available at the farm stand, but special requests are filled when available.

Diamond B Farm - New Durham Meghan Bickford - 762-0190 or diamondbfarm14@gmail.com All natural, pasture raised beef, pork, chicken, turkey and eggs. Visit our website at http://www.bickfordsdiamondbfarm.com for more information.

Pinewoods Yankee Farm - Lee Tina Fottler & Erick Sawtelle 659-8106 or esawtelles@aol.com Grass fed beef. Belted Galloway and Angus crosses. Individual retail cuts and custom cut sides. Find us on Local Harvest and Facebook.

Sullivan County Beaver Pond Farm - Newport Bennie Nelson - 542-7339 beaverpondfarm1780@gmail.com tinyurl.com/bpondfarm Raising beef and lamb. For sale at our retail store on the John Stark Highway between Newport & Claremont. Open year ‘round.

Eccardt Farm Inc. - Washington George, Sandy & Ryan Eccard 495-3830 or Eccardtfarm@gsinet.net Our home grown grass fed, USDA certified beef. We have an array of steak cuts and roasts all vacuum packed for longer freshness. Lamb & pork when available.

Far View Farm - Langdon Marilyn Stuller - 313-7115 m.stuller@yahoo.com Lamb - naturally raised on pasture. Icelandic lamb is naturally lean with a mild flavor.

Stone Farm - Cornish Charlie Stone - 469-3559 5cstone@comcast.net USDA inspected. Vacuum wrapped. Seasonal turkeys. Fresh eggs. Saturday farm stand May-October 9-12.

March/April 2020

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

Feral Swine (From Cover) years. Feral swine currently inhabit many northeastern states including New Hampshire. Expansion of this invasive species is of significant concern to farmers, livestock producers, natural resource managers, animal health officials, and the general public. In the past few decades, feral swine have arguably become the most invasive and destructive large mammal species in North America. A National Program “Feral swine don’t know boundaries and what happens in one State affects neighboring States,” states USDA WS’ National Feral Swine Damage Management Coordinator Dr. Dale Nolte. “Only through a concerted, comprehensive effort with the public and our State and Federal partners can we begin to turn the tide on feral swine expansion and reduce their negative impacts to our economy and environment.” The USDA and it partners hope to accomplish just that. Since 2014, funding has been provided by Congress to implement and expand WS’ collaborative, national feral

and increased sedimentation. Feral swine are voracious omnivores that will consume many plant and animal species. They prey upon insects, frogs, salamanders, whitetailed deer fawns, wild turkeys, grouse, woodcock, and other ground nesting birds and their eggs. In Florida, feral swine are associated with the decline of at least 26 plant and animal species that are now listed as rare, threatened, endangered, or of special concern. Feral swine also out compete native wildlife for food, such as acorns and beechnuts which are important and variable resources to New Hampshire’s wildlife. Feral swine can transmit as many as 30 viral and bacterial diseases, and 40 parasites many of which pose serious threats to humans, livestock, wildlife, and pets. Humans are susceptible to such diseases as brucellosis, leptospirosis and trichinosis. Along with these human health risks, feral swine are vectors for livestock diseases including brucellosis, pseudorabies and classical swine fever which pose a significant risk to our country’s multibillion dollar commercial domestic swine industry.

Page 9

Request for Proposals Available from the Town of Hollis for Agricultural Lease up to 25-Years Approximately 120 Acres of Current Use Farmland Actively Farmed with Excellent Soil Quality of Statewide Importance Easily Accessible Water Supply for Irrigation Located in a Farm Friendly Town with a Long History of Supporting Agriculture and Conservation

For more information and an RFP packet, visit: www.hollisnh.org/stefanowicz-lease or call Hollis Town Hall at (603) 465-2209 EXT 101 Property damage from feral swine rooting is shown above. USDA Wildlife Services (WS) says that this aggressive rooting behavior, where they use their snouts to uproot vegetation and earth in serach of food, can cause substantial damage in suburban communities. (Photo credit: WS)

swine management initiative along with APHIS Veterinary Services and International Services, as well as numerous local, State and Federal partners. The goal of the initiative is to prevent the further spread of feral swine, as well as reduce their population, damage, and associated disease risks to protect both human health and the health of domestic swine. Though management efforts occur in many different locations and habitats throughout the United States, these actions are modified and adapted to best meet the needs and objectives of each State. Feral Swine Damage Nationwide it is estimated that feral swine annually cause approximately 1.5 billion dollars in damage and can destroy as much as 1,000 acres per hour. Their aggressive rooting behavior created when they use their snouts to uproot the vegetation and earth in search food, can cause substantial property damage in suburban communities through destruction of lawns and landscape, backyard gardens, parks, and golf courses. Areas will appear as if they have been run over by a number of out of control rototillers. Severity can range from superficial rooting of less than 6 inches deep to more extensive rooting of 1-2 feet deep. Feral swine cause agricultural damage by rooting and creating wallows (mud baths) in pasture, consuming and trampling crops from corn to soybeans and preying upon livestock and poultry. They devastate native habitat by impacting forest regeneration and restoration as well as contaminate water supplies and reduce water quality through fecal material, erosion

Signs, Tracks and Reporting Feral swine have no legal game status in New Hampshire, but are considered escaped private property and may only be hunted with permission by said property owner. Feral swine come in many colors, shapes and sizes due to their hybridizations but are most often black or brown. An average adult weighs anywhere from 100-200 pounds. Although most of their activity occurs under the cover of night, they leave behind unique signs to indicate their presence such as rooting, wallows and tree rubs. Tracks are similar to deer, although swine hoofs are rounder in overall shape and tend to be more splayed and blunt at the tips when compared to deer tracks.

if you farm it, we can fence it. ®

How Can You Help? Please report any sightings of feral swine, rooting or wallowing damage, tracks, or other sign to WS. Landowner permission is needed to set up trail cameras for the large scale feral swine monitoring study. Landowners wishing to participate in the trail camera study or other surveillance should call our office. Lastly, allow biologists to collect blood and tissue samples if you harvest feral swine or see a road killed animal to monitor for diseases that may affect wildlife. Thank you! Your participation is greatly appreciated. To report feral swine please contact: Tony Musante, Wildlife Disease Biologist Office: (603)223-6832 Cell: (603)340-2890

or Nick Kucia, Wildlife Specialist Office: (603)223-6832 Cell: (603)892-4050

USDA/APHIS-Wildlife Services 59 Chenell Drive Suite 7 Concord, NH 03301

Dependable fencing for all your farm & garden needs. Wellscroft.com

Page 10

The Communicator

UNH Scientists Expand Seaweed Research to Benefit Regions’ Dairy Farmers By Lori Wright

NH Agricultural Experiment Station

Researchers at UNH will be conducting new feeding trials in 2020 and 2021 to see if different kinds of seaweeds improve health and suppress greenhouse gas emissions in grazing dairy cows.


rganic dairy cows fed kelp meal produced less methane for part of the summer grazing season, according to researchers with the New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station at the University of New Hampshire. Based on these initial and other promising results, scientists will expand their studies to look at how kelp and other seaweeds impact animal health and methane emissions of organic dairy cows in New England. Experiment station researchers will collaborate with New England scientists on a new $3 million grant from the Shelby Cullom Davis Charitable Fund to investigate reducing methane emissions of lactating dairy cows by supplementing their diet with kelp meal (brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum) and other seaweeds. Awarded to the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, the grant brings together researchers from UNH, Wolfe’s Neck Center for Agriculture and the Environment (Freeport, ME), Colby College, and the University of Vermont.

UNH’s portion of the project, about $600,000, involves conducting feeding trials with transition cows and grazing herds at the experiment station’s UNH Organic Dairy Research Farm in Lee, N.H. Trials will be conducted in 2020 and 2021 by experiment station researcher André Brito, an associate professor of dairy cattle nutrition and management. Specifically, Brito and his team want to see if seaweeds improve health and suppress greenhouse gas emissions in grazing dairy cows. Experiment station researchers will monitor milk production, milk quality, and body weight and condition. They will measure methane, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen emissions with the automated GreenFeed system (C-Lock Inc.), which uses built-in gas sensors to collect data on cow breath and burps and provides near real-time analysis of emissions. Grazing Jersey cows can voluntarily visit the GreenFeed system throughout the study. In addition, Brito is teaming up with Alexandra Contosta, research assistant

professor with the UNH Earth Systems Research Center at the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, to use mathematical models such as the Northeast Dairy Emissions Estimator developed at UNH to evaluate pasture performance and carbon and nitrogen cycling. “Incorporating changes in feed composition has downstream consequences for pasture performance. This includes not only grass nutritional quality and growth rates but also the rates of loss of carbon and nitrogen resources to the atmosphere in the form of greenhouse gases. Mathematical models such as the Northeast Dairy Emissions Estimator model are often used by researchers and the industry to evaluate pasture performance and carbon and nitrogen cycling,” Brito said. Cows participating in the seaweed trials will be housed on the same pastures where scientists will measure soil nitrogen losses, grass abundance, botanical composition, and rates of grass consumption. The feed and milk production information will be then added to the Northeast Dairy Emissions Estimator model, allowing farmers to assess milk production, soil performance, and emissions when considering algae feed additives and fertilizers for pasture management. “Through ongoing work with our partners at Wolfe’s Neck Center, we have identified several key gaps in the understanding of soil carbon change and nitrogen loss pathways that are precluding t h e optimization of simulation models. This includes a need to better understand the quantities and types of carbon and nitrogen that are deposited on a pasture via manure and how algae supplements may alter those values. Connecting seaweed feeds to pasture soil and biomass dynamics and milk production is vital to cost effectively manage of economic value and soil-based ecosystem services,” Contosta said. Previous studies conducted at the UNH Organic Dairy Research Farm investigated the effect of

Changes Needed to Hemp Interim Final Rule as Comment Period Passes By Michael Nepveux Background The 2018 farm bill legalized the production of hemp as an agricultural commodity and removed it from the list of controlled substances (2018 Farm Bill Provides A Path Forward for Industrial Hemp). On Oct. 29, USDA released the text of its interim final rule for regulations establishing a domestic hemp production program. Since this is an interim final rule, it went into effect immediately upon being published in the Federal Register (view full text at https://www.ams.usda.gov/sites/default/files/ media/AMS_SC_19_0042_IR.pdf). On Wednesday, Jan. 29, public comments on the interim final rule were due, with many agricultural organizations, including the American Farm Bureau, submitting comments on the rule.

What is Current Situation for Hemp in the U.S.? Hemp production is legal in 47 states. The farm bill allows Idaho, Mississippi and South Dakota to continue to ban production of the crop within their borders, though some of these states seem poised to potentially address the issue of hemp legalization in the coming year. The 47 states in which hemp production is legal have wasted no time since the passage of the 2014

March/April 2020 kelp meal supplementation on milk yield, nutrient digestibility, animal health, and methane emissions during summer and winter. Scientists found that cows eating kelp meal produced less methane in July, but this response was not consistent throughout the grazing season, suggesting the need for additional research. They also found kelp meal improves the concentration of iodine in milk and decreases the stress hormone cortisol during winter and summer. According to Brito, 59 percent of organic dairy farmers in New England fed kelp to their cattle. According to a 2015 study, organic dairy farmers in the Northeast feed kelp to improve body condition score and overall animal appearance. Farmers also reported decreased somatic cell count, reproductive issues, and cases of pinkeye in addition to reducing flies during summer grazing when cows had access to kelp. “The knowledge generated by our project will have applications not only to pastured-based dairy farms, but also to confinement dairies and beef operations,” Brito said. This material is based upon work supported by the NH Agricultural Experiment Station, through joint funding of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, under award number 1001855, and the state of New Hampshire.

The interim final rule meant that states that were

AFBF Market Intel operating under the 2014 farm bill would have to and 2018 farm bills. According to USDA’s Farm Service Agency, planted hemp acreage totaled nearly 148,000 acres in 2019. Montana led the way with nearly 45,000 planted acres, followed by Colorado (nearly 21,000 acres) and Kentucky (nearly 19,000) acres. However, it should be noted that for 2019, planted acreage reporting for hemp was still largely on a voluntary basis, and other estimates place acreage numbers much higher. Vote Hemp, an advocacy organization promoting hemp, releases its own fairly accurate hemp crop production report based on data compiled from individual state departments of agriculture. For 2019 Vote Hemp estimated that approximately 230,000 acres of hemp would be planted and that over 511,000 acres were licensed for hemp nationally (not all licensed acres are planted).

either resubmit their original hemp regulation plans or submit new plans that adhered to the new federal rule. As of Jan. 29, USDA had approved 7 Tribal government plans and 6 state government plans under the interim final rule: Delaware, Louisiana, Nebraska, New Jersey, Ohio and Texas. New Hampshire will operate under USDA’s program, rather than submit its own plan, while 10 states are either currently drafting a plan for review or are pending resubmission. Twelve state plans are currently under review by USDA, while 10 states will be allowed to operate under their plans under the 2014 pilot program. H E M P - CON T I N U ED ON PAGE 17

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

March/April 2020

Page 11

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Farm Bureau Mourns Passing of Bonnie Duvall Scott VanderWal, AFBF Vice President


t is with deep sadness that I share the news of Bonnie Duvall’s passing after a courageous battle with cancer. She was a special member of the Farm Bureau family, from being chosen for the 1982 National Young Farmer and Rancher Award with Zippy, to her travels with him 33 years later when he was elected president of American Farm Bureau. Zippy and Bonnie were partners in every respect for all of their 40 years together. She put her business degree to work keeping the books on their Georgia farm, enabling Zippy to turn his attention to serving his fellow farmers at the county,

state and national levels. At moments like this our faith consoles us, knowing her soul is at peace, having gone on to our heavenly Father. We will forever be inspired by her sense of humor, love of farming and optimism in the face of adversity. She taught us all what it means to make every moment count. Our thoughts and prayers are with the entire Duvall family, including the four children Zippy and Bonnie have always been so proud of, Vince, Corrie, Zeb and Zellie, their dear sonand daughters-in-law, and their five beautiful grandchildren.

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Page 12

The Communicator

March/April 2020

New Hampshire ROPS Funds Dwindling By Diane Clary, NHFB Executive Director

By Debbi Cox, NHAITC State Coordinator

The Annual Agricultural Literacy book is now available. “Right This Very Minute: A Table-to-Farm Book About Food and Farming”, written by Lisl H. Detlefsen and illustrated by Renée Kurilla, follows children through a day of meals, snacks and dessert to explore what farmers and ranchers are doing “right this very minute” to put food on our tables. Explore some of our favorite foods such as maple syrup, milk & cheese, strawberries, lettuce, tomatoes, beef and more. “Right This Very Minute” is geared toward children in kindergarten through third

The Tucker Mountain Challenge is well underway. Over 1,500 students from 14 schools around the state are working to produce a pint of maple syrup which will be judged in our contest. Entries are scored on density, clarity, color, taste and how maple sugaring is incorporated into their classroom curriculum. The winner will receive $1,000, second place is awarded $750 and $500 goes to the third-place class. Six of the participating schools received equipment grants thanks to Treat’s Sugarhouse in Bow. Four schools were awarded Reverse Osmosis buckets and two schools have new tapping supplies. Tucker Mountain Challenge winners will be announced in April.

grade. We invite you to purchase a copy for $5 which includes the Resource Guide and our updated My NH Plate placemat. Read the book in a local classroom, perhaps offer an activity and then donate the book to the school for continued learning. Take some ideas from the Resource Guide. Email nhaitc@ nhfarmbureau.org if you are interested in helping. Books can be picked up at the Farm Bureau office in Concord or mailed for an additional $2.50 per book.

School to Farm Day preparations are underway. We can always use help at our scheduled events in Merrimack County, Sullivan County, Grafton/Coos Counties, Carroll County and Rockingham/ Strafford Counties. Last year’s event in Hillsboro County was a great success, but WE NEED A NEW VENUE FOR THIS YEAR. It would need to be decided within the next couple of weeks. Please contact our office if you have any thoughts.

Spring Programs Are Ramping Up

Fuller Elementary School students give tours of their maple syrup operation to area kindergarten students in 2019.


hat is ROPS, you ask? The New Hampshire ROPS Rebate Program pays up to 70% (approximately $865 in savings) off the cost of purchasing and installing rollbar retrofits on approved tractors. While newer model tractors are factory-equipped with rollover protection systems (ROPS), many older-model tractors that lack ROPS are still in use on farms. Farmer safety is a huge concern and anyway we can help with that is important. Since 2010 over 80 tractors have had rollover protection systems installed as part of the New Hampshire ROPS program, undoubtable saving many lives. Funding for this program comes exclusively from donations. The NH ROPS program is running out of funds and is reaching out for donations. Currently there are five people on the wait list and that means there are five farmers that need help to be a safe as possible. For more information on how you can help, please contact Diane at dianec@nhfarmbureau. org or call 224-1934 and I’ll tell you what you can do.

March/April 2020

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

Page 13

Join the Moo-vement: Ask for NH’s Own Local Dairy By Shawn Jasper, NH Commissioner of Agriculture, Markets & Food This letter was originally published in the Manchester Union Leader:


want to thank the Union Leader’s Editorial Board for bringing attention to the plight of New Hampshire Dairy Farmers. You’re right, the situation is dire. Fifty years ago, there were 850 dairy farms in New Hampshire and today there are less than 100. These are family farms struggling to survive. Soon, if nothing is done, the Granite State will continue to hemorrhage farms at an alarming rate. When those farms disappear so too will the tens of millions of dollars in state tax revenue. The beautiful farmlands we love will be sold and turned into corporate headquarters and mixed-use developments. Unfortunately, those are the only facts stated correctly in your editorial. Sadly, the article is filled with inaccuracies. First, you claim that HP Hood has filed for bankruptcy. That is incorrect. Last year HP Hood earned more than 2 billion dollars. Dean Foods and Borden Dairy have filed for bankruptcy. HP Hood continues to be a strong force in the market. Second, the new law does not suggest or ask that ALL milk carry the 50-cent premium. Guess what? Buying the dairy with the premium is up to the consumer. You don’t want to pay the extra 50 cents? No problem, you don’t have to. If you want to support

the farmers, buy New Hampshire’s Own Milk. The Department of Agriculture is working with bottlers and supermarkets to carry some milk and dairy products that bear the NH Own’s Dairy logo. Products with this logo guarantee that at least 85% of the dairy comes from New Hampshire farmers. Third, the government of New Hampshire is not mandating milk prices. The law clearly states that only those stores that voluntarily ask to carry the dairy will be included in the program. Surveys show that more than 80 percent of consumers want the option to purchase New Hampshire’s Own Dairy and pay the premium. You are right about one other thing. This is about money. This is about HP Hood, Market Basket, Hannaford, and other large grocery retailers caring more about money than our local farmers. More than 7,500 people have signed a petition asking stores in New Hampshire to carry New Hampshire’s Own Dairy. To learn more about the issue I urge your readers to visit: https://udderlyamazingdairy.com/ Don’t let corporate America fool you. Buy local, save our farms, and support our farmers. Remember ask your local store to carry New Hampshire’s Own Dairy. -Commissioner Shawn Jasper

New Hampshire Commissioner of Agriculture, Markets & Food Shawn Jasper speaks in 2019 at the signing ceremony for HB 476, aka The Dairy Premium Bill, at Morrill Farm in Penacook as Rob Morrill looks on. Commissioner Jasper is calling for consumers to ask their local grocers to carry New Hampshire’s Own Dairy. Learn how you can support the project at https://udderlyamazingdairy.com

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The Communicator

Page 14

March/April 2020

NHFB delegation arrives in Austin, TX for the AFBF Annual Convention & Trade Show. (Photo Credit: AFBF)

New Hampshire Farm Bureau Takes to Austin for American Farm Bureau Annual Convention T

hey say, “Everything is bigger in Texas,” and this year’s American Farm Bureau Annual Convention was no exception. Over 6,000 farmers from across the country descended on Austin, Texas, this January for five days of celebration, education, and policy-making. New Hampshire Farm Bureau sent eight members accompanied by NHFB Communications Director Josh Marshall to represent the Granite State. Attendees had the opportunity to participate in tremendous workshops with world-class speakers covering a wide range of topics from public policy & advocacy to consumer engagement and business development. NHFB President Denis Ward served as our state’s sole voting delegate in policy discussions that focused on labor, immigration, and the Federal Milk Marketing Orders. You can read more on AFBF policy priorities below. Associated Women of NHFB (AW) President Elaine Moore represented New Hampshire during the Annual Meeting of the American Farm Bureau Women. You can learn more about Elaine’s experience on page 15. NHFB Young Farmer Award winners Jay & Leandra Pritchard and Nicole Glines reached the national level of competition for the Achievement Award and Excellence in Agriculture Award respectively. New Hampshire was the only New England state to send competitors for any of the events. Jeanne Ward (Denis’ wife), Peter Glines (Nicole’s husband), and Ruth Scruton (Past AW President) also

NHFB President Denis Ward, United States Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Purdue, and Carroll County Farm Bureau members Cynthia and Vincent Blandini.

attended the convention. Several attendees had the opportunity to embark on tours of Texas Agriculture; venturing off to a distillery, a diversified livestock ranch, and a vineyard. President Donald Trump again addressed the AFBF Convention, marking his third straight appearance at a Farm Bureau Annual Convention.

American Farm Bureau Establishes 2020 Priorities American Farm Bureau Federation


armer and rancher delegates to the American Farm Bureau Federation’s 101st Annual Convention today adopted policies to guide the organization’s work in 2020 on key topics ranging from dairy to labor and climate change to conservation compliance. “Delegates from across the nation came together today to look ahead at issues and opportunities facing farms, ranches and rural communities,” said American Farm Bureau Federation Vice President Scott VanderWal. “The 2020 policies ensure we are able to continue producing safe and healthy food, fiber and renewable fuel for our nation and the world.” Delegates also re-elected American Farm Bureau President Zippy Duvall and Vice President Scott VanderWal for their third terms. VanderWal served as chair of the meeting on behalf of Duvall, who is grieving the loss of his wife, Bonnie. Delegates updated labor and immigration policies, emphasizing that we must see significant changes

to the H-2A program. While AFBF has long had policy in place to ensure an accessible, competitive guest worker program, the updates address problems with the adverse effect wage rate and emphasize the importance of year-round program access to all of agriculture. AFBF looks forward to working with Congress on efforts that align with these policy objectives. After a year-long process to review ways to modernize Federal Milk Marketing Orders, AFBF’s delegates voted to support creation of a flexible, farmer- and industry-led milk management system. This includes giving individual dairy farmers a voice by allowing them to vote independently and confidentially on rules governing milk prices. The new dairy policies, when combined, will form a strong foundation to guide the organization during future reform efforts to better coordinate milk supply and demand in the U.S. There are significant new policies on conservation compliance. Delegates

Top above: NHFB First Lady Jeanne Ward (left) takes part in an event for spouses of Farm Bureau presidents from across the country during the AFBF Annual Convention. (Photo credit: AFBF) Bottom above: Nicole & Peter Glines pose as Nicole accepts her Excellence in Ag Award plaque in Austin, TX.

called on USDA to significantly improve program transparency and due process for farmers. They specifically prioritized changes in USDA’s processes for wetland delineations and the appeals process. Delegates also adopted a new policy supporting the repeal of Swampbuster provisions. The changes highlight American Farm Bureau Vice President Scott VanderWal leads growing frustration with the AFBF House of Delegates Session setting 2020 policy. (Photo conservation compliance credit : AFBF) practices within the USDA federal climate change policy to reflect Natural Resources Conservation Service regional variations, and they oppose (NRCS). a state-by-state patchwork of climate Delegates voted to support change policies. allowing a higher THC level in hemp, Beyond policy changes, giving AFBF staff the flexibility to delegates also elected members to serve engage in discussions with regulators on the AFBF board of directors and about the appropriate legal level, and national program committees. to increase the window of time farmers AFBF President Zippy Duvall and are allowed to conduct THC testing, Vice President Scott VanderWal were acknowledging the many questions re-elected to two-year terms. about how the testing process will work David Fisher, president of New and the potential for backlogs. York Farm Bureau (Northeast Region); New policies are on the books Shawn Harding, president of North supporting science-based climate Carolina Farm Bureau Federation change research and the documentation (Southern Region); and Randy Kron, of agriculture’s tremendous advances Indiana Farm Bureau (Midwest Region) toward climate-smart practices. were elected to fill one-year terms on Delegates also made clear they want the AFBF board of directors.

March/April 2020

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

Texas Tales

An Honor and a Privilege by Jay & Leandra Pritchard First of all, we are so honored to have been chosen as the 2019 Achievement Award winners for our awesome state! We thank Merrimack County Farm Bureau for nominating us and the NHFB judges who selected us! To say we never leave the farm would be an understatement - most of our excursions involve going to Concord a few times a week, and the only time we’ve been on a plane together was for the AFBF FUSION Conference in 2015. So needless to say, we were both excited and nervous to represent NH at the AFBF Annual Convention in Texas! We also made a difficult decision to leave our two young children at home with our parents (thank you all again!). We all know it’s hard to leave our farms, and we feel that’s especially true for those of us who are first generation farmers. We really can’t leave, considering we are the only employees of the farm. Knowing that we had to leave our “first baby” (the farm) and our babies, we were still really looking forward to our trip! Once getting to Austin with our small but mighty NH delegation, we went through registration and then our NHFB President Denis Ward got interviewed by a local news station! In true Jay-fashion, after the interview, he jumped in on the conversation with Denis and the reporter and got to talking politics. On Saturday, we attended a workshop with all of the Achievement Award winners from across the country. It was truly rewarding to be able to speak with other young farmers about their operations and learn about things they are doing in their state Farm Bureaus. At this workshop we were reminded just how unique agriculture is in our state and the Northeast region compared to the rest of the country. During the convention, we made our way around the trade show a few times and had some nice conversations with vendors and farmers that were intrigued by Jay’s White Farm Equipment hat. On Sunday, we were very excited to have the opportunity to see President Trump speak at the convention. We couldn’t believe that he came for the third year in a row, just to speak to us farmers! We also ate a good amount of Tex-mex food (to my delight and Jay’s dismay) and fried chicken! We did plenty of roaming around the city, where it was a good 50 degrees warmer than back home and got to enjoy some live music, which Austin is known for. We would have loved to see more of Texas agriculture (because what farmer doesn’t want to go find a farm as quickly as possible once leaving theirs?), and to see how farms and ranches operate in their part of the country. Maybe in another five years we can get off the farm again and make it back!

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Farmer Perspectives From The American Farm Bureau Annual Convention

Left: Leandra & Jay Pritchard pose with their Achievement Award plaque in Austin, TX. Above: President Donald Trump Addresses the American Farm Bureau Annual Convention (photo credit: Leandra Pritchard).

As part of our award, we also get the use of a new Kubota tractor and we are certainly looking forward to using that this summer! We came home from the trip with a renewed allegiance to our amazing agricultural industry and certainly felt Farm Bureau Proud! We really aren’t ones to pat ourselves on the back, so it’s very uplifting to be recognized for our hard work every day on the farm and for our dedication to agriculture and to NH Farm Bureau. We hope that as an organization, we continue to recognize our young farmers with these awards and send them on to compete nationally. This award not only serves as a “free trip” to the winners, but as a way to say thank you for keeping our industry alive and thriving, and for putting in the work 24/7, 365 days a year. We’d be remiss to end this little narrative without an inspiring quote derived from the speech that President Trump gave at the convention: “The great men and women in this room are the stewards of an inheritance and a noble tradition that’s unrivaled… You take pride in your work, joy in your calling, and deep satisfaction in your vital contributions to the life and health and success of our republic…America has always been a farming nation — founded, built, and grown by people just like you…You embody the spirit of optimism that has always defined this magnificent country. You look at an empty field in the dead of winter, and you envision the spark of life in the peak of spring. That’s what you see. You see differently than other people… With your faith, your grit, your tenacity, your talent, and your patriotism, the best days for America and the best days for America’s farmers and ranchers are yet to come.”

A Powerful Experience by Elaine Moore Attending the 2020 Convention teaches one how important agriculture is to our great nation. Hearing the roar of the jet headed down the runway in Manchester, I was aware my position as President for NH Farm Bureau Associated Women is very important so I wanted to bring back as much information as possible. We work with a strong group of women from Washington, D.C., and help set the agenda for the

Ruth Scruton and AW President Elaine Moore pose in front of the biggest tractor present at the AFBF Annual Convention & Trade Show!

leading voice in agriculture. One has to feel excited for the powerful learning experience. Between Ruth Scruton and I, we attended many workshops: Women in Ag Meet and Greet, Women’s Leadership Networking and Regional Caucuses, Power of Resiliency in Ag, Engaging with Today’s Consumers, Engaging Youth in Ag Through 4-H, and others. We also heard from Dr. Mike McCloskey of Fair Oaks Farms speak on “When Animal Care is Questioned: Lessons from Fair Oaks Farms.” The farm was in many newspapers and “workers” claimed the animals were being abused. He spoke on being aware if animal activists target your farm and important steps to take. We were told about the steps they followed, values they shared. He was adamant an owner should KNOW who is working on their farm. Even when you believe everything is in place -rules, regulations, etc.- be very sure they are. There is always room for improvement. We had a day of visiting farms, old homes, mini farms, etc. I went up into the hills and visited a ranch of about 2,000 acres where they raise Black Angus, Sheep for wool, and Goats for Angora hair. There was so much more we talked about and learned from the conference. It was also nice to catch up with friends you only see once a year. I want to thank Ruth Scruton for being my traveling partner again this year. I can honestly say that this is the most powerful seminar I have ever attended.

The Communicator

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March/April 2020





ear the top of the “big hillâ€? on rt. 2 in Randolph, New Hampshire, a hand-pegged, post and beam sugar house is shaking o hibernation. This time of year, when the conditions are right, you’ll find sugarmakers John and Jennifer Scarinza inside adding fuel to the fire, measuring densities, and perfecting their process of making pure New Hampshire maple syrup. While they both have a lifetime of experiences in sugaring, their paths didn’t cross until 2004. The story of how they ended up together is almost as sweet as the award-winning syrup that they produce. Maple weekend means something very special for Jenn (whose maiden name is Barton). Growing up in Loudon, her family has a rich history of sugarmaking. She feels a deep connection to both the process of making maple syrup and also the quality time spent with family and friends. “For me, it’s almost as big as Christmas,â€? she explained. That excitement is coupled with a healthy respect for the history of the industry. “My brother and I gathered sap at home in Loudon with oxen and a scoot, joining our father and grandfather,â€? she recalled. Today, it’s her nephews that continue the tradition back in Loudon. Jenn moved to the north country for a teaching job in the summer of 2003 and found her first spring there bittersweet. With no home sugarhouse to hang around at and make maple memories, something was missing. She decided to visit Fuller’s Sugarhouse in Lancaster as a local substitution. Across the room she spotted a man who, according to her account, looked like he walked right out of the woods. Her interest was piqued and she introduced herself. That woodsman was John and he was there to dicker with Dave Fuller over the price of a finishing pan. John has been boiling for decades and retired from his day job as Troop Commander of Troop F of the New Hampshire State Police in 2009. A natural story-teller, John explained how he first started boiling outdoors without a sugarhouse some 45 years ago. His mother, who owns summer rental cabins, went to Florida one sugaring season and John got a bright idea. “I got sick of being out in the rain so I cut a hole in the roof of one of my

mother’s cabins and turned that into a sugarhouse,â€? he said with a smile. He would have to make up for it by moving into the sugarhouse each summer and allowing summer guests to rent out his bedroom. By the time of John’s retirement, the stars were finally starting to align. He and Jenn replaced occasional conversations at industry trainings and town meetings with actual dates and the beginnings of a beautiful relationship. That winter the couple built their new sugarhouse. It would be an important part of their lives and a test of their ability to work together. “I think it was one of a number of vetting processes,â€? Jenn laughed as she recalled roofing the structure in January. It would also be the site of the couple’s engagement in 2012. “I proposed to him right here in the sugarhouse,â€? Jenn said pointing to the spot where she took a knee on that fateful Maple Sunday. She oered her hand in marriage along with makeshift rings. “I cut a piece of one-inch tubing for him and a piece of ž-inch tubing for me.â€? John pulled out a calendar from that year and flipped to March. “Here it is,â€? he said. “March 23rd – boiled. March 24th – boiled. March 25th – boiled, got engaged.â€? A ‘simple field wedding’ followed in September of 2013, which boasted a farm-to-table menu complete with John and Jenn’s own Hubbard squash, Jenn’s dad’s potatoes, and a pear chutney from John’s mom’s pear tree. Of course, they also added their own maple syrup to many dishes...including the cake! For John and Jenn it’s all about keeping it local, sharing their craft, and utilizing the natural resources in their own backyard. That philosophy is exhibited in their maple products and the experience they provide through inviting the public to the sugarhouse each spring. “People love the fact that they know exactly where the syrup is produced,â€? Jenn said. “Some of our neighbors snowshoe or ski or hike in our sugarbush. Then when they buy our syrup and share it with their friends, they take pride in it too.â€? Maybe it’s that kind of cultural investment in a product that helps cement it in consumers’ minds as better than the rest. We eat and drink with our eyes and noses as much as our taste buds; why not our hearts? When you combine a superior product with a unique customer experience, you’ve hit the jackpot. It doesn’t hurt to have a tremendous flavor either. Tapping approximately 700 trees and producing somewhere around 160-180 gallons of syrup each year, the couple laughed when I asked if their trees were sweeter here in Randolph. “Well of course they are!â€? John joked before a more serious follow up. “I do believe that the soils and the geography has something to do with the taste.â€? Considering that Scarinza Sugarhouse won the Lawrence A. Carlisle Memorial Trophy for best maple syrup in

Above (top to bottom): John and Jennifer Scarinza of Scarinza Sugarhouse in Randolph. Next, John is assisted in filtering maple syrup by his mother, Vivian Bean, and Jenn Scarinza uses a hydrometer to measure syrup density (photos courtesy Scarinza Sugarhouse). Left: A photo of John and Jenn’s engagement, complete with the sap line rings.

New Hampshire this year, I’d say he might be on to something. To qualify for this award, you need to be top three in a syrup competition at one of New Hampshire’s state fairs first. That allows you to move on to the final judging competition held each year at the New Hampshire Maple Producers Association Winter Meeting. John and Jenn ended up taking first place at both the Lancaster Fair and the Deerfield Fair before winning the Carlisle Award. There are volumes more to tell from the stories of John and Jenn Scarinza, but it all boils down to two sugarmakers who found their better half. They took a longer route than some, but they ended up in exactly the right spot. Together they share their love of the forest and the craft of making maple syrup all while providing opportunities for others to enjoy those passions too.

March/April 2020

Celebrate New Hampshire Maple Month March 4

Annual NH Maple Tree Tap with the Governor Intervale Farm Pancake House 931 Flanders Rd., Henniker 3:00 - 4:00 PM From the NH Maple Producers Association: Kick off NH Maple Month in style as Governor Chris Sununu taps the ceremonial NH Maple Tree. All are welcome to this free, familyfriendly event.

March 21 - 22

Canterbury Maple Festival Canterbury Shaker Village 288 Shaker Rd., Canterbury 8:00 AM - 3:00 PM From Canterbury Shaker Village: Experience a sweet weekend in Canterbury! Start your weekend off and enjoy a pancake breakfast at Canterbury Shaker Village followed by demonstrations by North Family Farm, programs, and exhibits at the historic site.

March 21 - 22 NHMPA NH Maple Weekend Across The State Hosted by the New Hampshire Maple Producers Association, Maple Sugaring Month runs March 7 through March 29, spanning four weekends of maple madness! The 25th Annual NH Maple Weekend will be March 21 - 22. Join the fun at a local participating sugar house! Across the state, sugar makers open their doors to the public to demonstrate the centuriesold craft of maple sugaring. You can learn more and find a sugarhouse near you by visiting: nhmapleproducers.com/maple-month

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

Hemp (From page 10) Issues Raised by the Interim Final Rule The industry is grateful to USDA for issuing the interim final rule and providing some much-needed clarity and guidance to states and farmers about the operating environment of their next growing season. Additionally, farmers and stakeholders certainly understand that it was exceedingly challenging to develop a national hemp program in such a short period of time. However, as is always the case with new regulations, there are some aspects of the rule that farmers and others feel could be adjusted to more accurately reflect the realities of growing and marketing hemp. Farm Bureau and its members hope for a constructive process moving forward to address some of the potential shortcomings of the rule. 1.THC Testing The Interim Final Rule requires more stringent THC testing than called for in 2018 farm bill. (The farm bill calls for testing of delta-9 THC, but the interim rule calls for testing of delta-9 THC and THC acid/THCA.) This approach has the potential to cause an otherwise legal product to be characterized as a “hot crop” that would fall outside the legal definition of industrial hemp, risking crop destruction even though the delta-9 THC level is below the 0.3% threshold identified in the 2018 farm bill. The “Total THC” approach outlined in the interim final rule sums the THCA and delta-delta-9 THC content. THCA is an acidic cannabinoid that does not contain psychoactive properties. Delta-9 THC is a neutral cannabinoid, meaning it possesses psychoactive properties. THCA can convert to delta-9 THC through the process of decarboxylation, which can occur through exposure to heat or sunlight. A plant testing for 0.3% or less of delta-9 THC, but also with a certain concentration of THCA, could feasibly be altered through decarboxylation to result in a higher delta-9 THC content. While the 2018 farm bill calls for THC concentration to be measured “using post-decarboxylation,” the statutory provisions also explicitly allow for “other similarly reliable methods.” There are reliable methods in which THC can be measured independently, including highperformance liquid chromatography. In requiring THCA to be measured, USDA has gone beyond what is statutorily required. Additionally, the USDA interim final rule requires testing for only a portion of the plant—the flower— which happens to be the portion with the highest THC content, even though farmers harvest and process the entire plant. Without testing the entirety of the plant and by requiring farmers to account for more than the statutorily required delta-9 THC levels, the interim final rule requires hemp farmers to test the highest possible level of THC from a plant without ability to dilute THC after harvest or salvage crops. AFBF supports the required testing of a plant to include the flower, leaf and stem from parts of the entire plant in equal proportion, as opposed to only the top third of the plant. Finally, AFBF agrees with the approach in the interim final rule that defines the “acceptable hemp THC level” as “the application of measurement of uncertainty to the reported delta-9 THC content concentration level on a dry weight basis produces a distribution or range that includes 0.3% or less.” The measurement of uncertainty helps to address the inherent statistical uncertainty that occurs in the testing process. This flexibility should be retained in the final rule. 2. 15-Day Sampling Requirement The interim final rule requires that samples for testing of THC concentration levels be collected within 15 days of the anticipated date of harvest. The regulations go on to specify that state hemp programs must prohibit industrial hemp farmers from harvesting their crop until the samples have been taken. Given the reality of time and labor commitments for harvesting, the 15day sampling requirement specified under USDA’s interim final rule is unrealistic for hemp producers. To sample and harvest an entire crop within a 15day period requires a major financial investment with no guarantee of completed testing, placing hemp growers in a vulnerable position. Additionally, if farmers wait on the testing to be completed and ensure that the crop tests at or below the acceptable THC level, they may be required to harvest their crop on an even shorter timeline than 15 days. Given the challenges throughout the Midwest in the 2019 planting season due to excessive moisture, we should be positioning our farmers to succeed in the future if

Page 17 an event of that magnitude were to occur again, and a 15-day window would only exacerbate this problem. AFBF feels that USDA should revisit this requirement in order to balance between testing at a standard to obtain adequate validation of THC levels and placing an unfair and expensive burden on farmers. AFBF supports extending this 15-day requirement to testing the crop 45 days before harvest. DEA Testing Lab Requirements The rule requires that testing be completed by an approved Drug Enforcement Administration-registered laboratory using reliable methodology for testing the THC level. USDA has recently added to its hemp program website a list of hemp testing laboratories registered with the DEA. Over time more laboratories may be added. As of Jan. 30, USDA reported only 44 approved laboratories in 22 different states. Having such a small number of laboratories approved to test samples from the hundreds of thousands of acres in the U.S. is sure to result in backlogs and delayed testing times. When combined with the 15-day harvest window, some farmers will likely be unable to harvest their crop within the window. Figure 3 shows which states have approved DEA-registered laboratories and those states with higher concentrations of facilities.

Given that there are 28 states without an approved testing facility, farmers may be required to ship untested samples of hemp plants across state lines in order to comply with USDA regulations. In the process of transporting hemp samples to be tested, producers run the risk of sending hemp plants that contain or may test above the legal limit of THC, ultimately putting them in the position of having shipped an illegal substance across state lines. So, in complying with USDA’s regulations, hemp producers may actually provide evidence to the DEA that they have committed a federal crime — transporting a controlled substance across state lines — and be at risk of prosecution.

Disposal of non-compliant crop For disposal of non-compliant crops, the interim final rule requires the DEA or another entity authorized to handle marijuana under the Controlled Substances Act will dictate the process for disposal. This will likely create unnecessary and costly burdens on both the farmers and the states and tribes managing industrial hemp programs. Allowing simpler, more timely and cost-effective methods for disposal overseen by state agriculture departments and law enforcement agents would provide greater flexibility and minimize burdens on the regulators and farming community. Additionally, rather than dispose of 100% of a hot crop, AFBF supports alternative uses of a product that has tested in excess of the established 0.3% threshold so that a producer does not lose 100% of the significant investment incurred in planting and growing a hemp crop. Producers who elect to grow this crop will expend great amounts of time, money and other resources producing this crop. If, even through no fault of their own, this crop tests above the 0.3% threshold, there should be other options available to producers other than complete destruction and loss of investment.

Conclusion With USDA’s interim final rule in place, industry stakeholders had an opportunity to have their voices heard and participate in the process by submitting comments. This rule was a step in the right direction, and industry applauds USDA for providing clarity to producers in a time of great uncertainty. Additionally, AFBF recognizes the difficulty that USDA faced in pulling together such a comprehensive program in such a short period of time. However, as is often the case, Farm Bureau members feel there is room for improvement. The issues raised by Farm Bureau members range from the testing methodology and timeline requirements, to the types of labs that are able to test samples. The issues highlighted in this Market Intel article are by no means an exhaustive list of the improvements our members would like to see made to the rule, or an exhaustive list of issues that others in the industry have raised with the rule. We all look forward to working to improve the system for everyone over the next year.

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March/April 2020

The Communicator

Eye on Extension For a full listing of our upcoming agriculture events, visit: extension. unh.edu/AgEvents

EVENTS & WORKSHOPS Food Safety Planning for small NH Commercial Food Processors Including Farms with Value-Added Products March 4 & 19 from 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM Camp Calumet 1090 Ossipee Lake Rd., Freedom Topics include: food safety fundamentals and planning; complying with FSMA; panel discussion on processing & selling food in NH; Current Good Manufacturing Practices (CGMPS); and Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). Register online: http://bit.ly/Freedom0320. For more information contact Ann Hamilton at 603447-3834 or e-mail ann. hamilton@unh.edu.

NH Vegetable & Berry Growers’ Annual Meeting March 14 from 9:00 AM - 3:30 PM Alan’s Restaurant 133 N Main St., Boscawen The annual meeting of the NH Vegetable & Berry Growers’ Association (NHVBGA) has moved back to Boscawen. Cost: $25 for NHVBGA members; $30 for nonmembers. For more information, visit: http://bit.ly/NHVBGA

NH Arborists Spring Meeting Featuring Michael Dirr March 17 from 7:00 AM - 3:45 PM Grappone Cenference Center 70 Constitution Ave., Concord Extension is partnering with the NH Arborists Association for their spring meeting featuring Dr. Michael Dirr as a keynote presenter and a breakout session presenter. Those who have been a part of a Dirr talk or walked with him through an arboretum or on a college campus with pauses at nearly each tree, will want to be in this audience. Dirr has launched his new book, The Tree Book: Superior Selections for Landscapes, Streetscapes and Gardens, and there will be time at the conference for autographing your copy of this important work. Don’t miss this great opportunity to see and listen to a legend in the landscaping field! NHLA is a sponsor for this event. Pesticide Credits, ISA CEUs and TC/A CEUs available. Cost: $85 up to March 17; $95 after March 17. For more information, visit: http://bit.ly/ arborists2020

2020 New Hampshire Fruit Growers’ Association Annual Meeting March 19 from 9:00 AM - 4:00 PM Alan’s Restaurant 133 N Main St., Boscawen The NH Fruit Growers Association and UNH Cooperative Extension are sponsoring this statewide commercial tree fruit grower’s meeting. Pesticide Applicator recertification credits will be available. Featured topics included:

Honeybee Winter Die-off; Beekeepers Panel Discussion on Working Relationship Between Beekeepers and Orchardists; Integrating pollinators protection into Apple IPM; Effect of Cultivar on Defense Activator Efficacy Against Fireblight; Codling Moth – Control and Update on the Invasive Insects; Adding Value to Your Farm Products: Factors to Consider and Orchardist Panel Discussion Crowd Control at your P-Y-O Orchard. Cost: Registration fees are $30 per member and $35 per non-member to cover the cost of refreshments and lunch, along with speakers’ costs. To register, Contact NHFGA Secretary Madison Hardy at (603) 630-1549 or e-mail at Madison.Lowell@gmail. com by March 13, 2020. For more information, contact George Hamilton at (603) 641-6060 or by e-mail at george. hamilton@unh.edu.

Spring Landscape Conference: NHLA & UNHCE March 20 - Location TBD Every March, New Hampshire Landscape Association (NHLA) and UNH Cooperative Extension present a conference for landscapers. It is a wonderful way to open the spring season! The day-long conference features educational sessions on topics of interest to all landscapers, exposure to products and services and networking opportunities. For more information, visit: http://bit.ly/ nhlandscape

Annie’s Project Managing for Today & Tomorrow: An Estate & Succession Planning Retreat for Women Farmers March 20-22 Lake Morey Resort 82 Clubhouse Rd., Fairlee, VT This weekend program is a discussionbased workshop to connect women and subject-matter experts. As they work through important discussions in the areas of business, estate, retirement and succession planning, women will find many opportunities for questions, sharing, and connecting with the presenters and other participants. It’s a relaxed, fun and encouraging way to learn, and discuss one of the most difficult subjects that face farm women today. This program is sponsored by USDA Risk Management Agency, and is offered in partnership with University of Vermont Extension. Registration Cost: $75 includes meals with the exception of Saturday night’s dinner, and all materials. Overnight accommodations are $129 plus tax per night (single or double occupancy). For overnight accommodations, please contact the resort directly at (802) 333-4311. Mention this program to receive the group rate. Contact Kelly McAdam at (603) 527-5475 if you are in need of financial assistance to attend this program. Learn more and register at: http://bit.ly/anniesproject2020

Landscaping for Water Quality Conference Save the date: March 26-27 This program is intended landscapers and others in

for the

business of developing, maintaining, or preserving properties. For more information, e-mail Julia Peterson at: julia.peterson@unh.edu.

Tree Fruit Grafting Workshops Belknap County: April 17, 5:30 8:30 PM. Winnisquam Regional High School Ag Center, 435 West Main St., Tilton Hillsborough County: April 18, 10:00 AM - 1:00 PM. Hillsborough County Complex, 329 Mast Rd., Goffstown Join us for this presentation of grafting principles and hands-on workshop of bench grafting techniques. Bring all of your questions about timing, techniques and tools. Each participant will go home with two grafted apple trees! Each workshop is $25.00 for an individual or $40.00 for a couple. Space is limited to 30 participants. For questions and to register please contact Jeremy.DeLisle@unh.edu, 603796-2151.

Beef Cattle Pregnancy and Calving Workshop April 18 from 1:00 - 4:00 PM Overlook Farm 307 Windy Row, Peterborough As we enter the calving season this year, come learn some pointers on how to care for the pregnant beef cow/heifer and how to prepare for calving. Topics to be discussed will include: methods of determining pregnancy; care of the close-up cow; the birthing process – when to intervene and how; and care of the newborn calf. Speaker will be Dr. Nathan Harvey, Assistant State Veterinarian for the New Hampshire Department of Agriculture Markets and Food. This workshop will take place outside, please dress accordingly. This workshop is in partnership with the New Hampshire Beef Producers Association. For questions and/ or special accommodations, please contact Elaina Enzien at elaina.enzien@ unh.edu prior to the event start date. Following the workshop, there will be a New Hampshire Beef Producers Association meeting from 4 p.m.-6 p.m. Cost: $10 per farm at the door. For more information, visit: http://bit. ly/beefcattle2020

New Hampshire Tree Fruit Twilight Meeting: Peach Pruning, Planning Future Orchard Blocks April 22 from 5:30 - 7:30 PM DeMeritt Hill Farm 20 Orchard Way, Lee Free event! Pesticide credits: pending. For more information, contact George Hamilton at (603) 641-6060 or by e-mail at george.hamilton@unh.edu

4-H EVENTS To see all of our upcoming 4-H events, visit extension.unh.edu/4-HEvents

2020 Seacoast Seaperch Challenge March 27 from 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM UNH Swasey Pool UNH Field House, Durham The




Competition is an annual event that includes different challenges for the SeaPerch teams to complete. The competition includes an obstacle course to test the ROVs’ speed and maneuverability, a waterway clean-up mission and a poster presentation. For more information, visit: http://bit.ly/ seaperch2020

4-H STEaMpunk 2020 Challenge Mondays, March 23, 30 & April 6 from 6:00- 8:00 PM The Belknap Mill 25 Beacon St., Laconia Don’t Count Your Chickens Before They Hatch! Youth will work as a team to design and build a unique invention that completes a chain reaction of events that counts chickens along the way. How they include and count each chicken is up to each team. This Special Interest Program (SPIN) will meet on Mondays, 3/23, 3/30 and 4/6 from 6:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. at the Beknap Mill, 25 Beacon Street, Laconia, NH. The cost is free and open to youth aged 8 and up. For more information, please contact Karen Deighan at karen.deighan@unh. edu or (603) 527-5475 or visit http://bit. ly/steampunk2020

NH 4-H Horse Judging Contest April 4 from 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM Deer Creek Farm 22 Horner Rd., Thornton The New Hampshire 4-H Horse Judging Contest is a state-level contest offered to New Hampshire 4-H youth, ages 8 and up. Horse judging is a two-part contest: during the first part contestants judge in hand (halter) classes and performance (riding/ driving) classes. The second part of the contest for Seniors (age 14-18) is presentation of oral reasons for two of the classes that were judged earlier. Juniors will take a 10-question quiz based on the classes judged earlier. Intermediate members age 11-13 may choose the reasons division or to take the quiz. Those Intermediates and Seniors giving oral reasons will not be able to participate in the Hippology Contest held the same day. Juniors and Intermediates may choose to participate in Hippology. For more information, visit: http://bit. ly/4hhorse2020

4-H Garden Party April 4 (Snow date April 11) UNHCE Conference Room 3855 Darmouth College Hwy., N. Haverhill The 4-H Garden Party is the kick-off to the summer Garden Program, and is a drop-by event from 9 a.m. to noon. Youth do not need to be 4-H members to participate. For more information, visit: http://bit.ly/4Hgarden

4-H Makers Expo April 25 from 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM Interlakes High School 1 Laker Lane, Meredith Join 4-H for a day of making and inspiration! The 4-H Makers Expo is an exhibition and celebration of 4-H project work, challenges and fun. For more information, visit: http://bit. ly/4hmakers2020

March/April 2020

UNH Extension 2020 Pruning Demonstrations All demos are outside - Please be prepared for weather & snow! Suggested donation for each event is $5.00. For persons with disabilities requiring special accommodations, please contact Shyloh.Favreau@unh.edu or 603.862.3200 prior to the event. Rockingham County: Ornamental Trees & Shrubs, Wednesday, March 25, 3:30-5:30 p.m., Turbocam International, 607 Calef Hwy, Barrington, NH 03825 Contact: Emma.Erler@unh.edu, 603.351.3831 Hillsborough County: Saturday, March 28, Maple Gate Farm & Vineyard, 183 Amherst Rd., Merrimack, NH 03110. Contact: George.Hamilton@ unh.edu, 603.641.6060 Apples, Pears, Sour Cherries & Peaches (9 a.m.12:00 p.m.) Mature Highbush Blueberries (12:00 p.m.-12:45 p.m.) Mature & Young Grapevines (1:00 p.m.-3:00 p.m.) Hillsborough County: Mature Grapevines, Friday, April 3, 5:30 p.m.-7:00 p.m. Brookdale Fruit Farm (Packinghouse), 36 Broad St., Hollis, NH 03049. Contact: George. Hamilton@unh.edu, 603.641.6060 Merrimack County: Apple Trees (dwarf, semidwarf & standard), Saturday, April 4, 10:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m., Hackleboro Orchard, 61 Orchard Rd, Canterbury, NH 03224. Contact: Jeremy. DeLisle@unh.edu, 603.796.2151 Grafton County: Blueberries, Saturday, April 4, 1:00 p.m.-3:00 p.m. Windy Ridge Orchard, 1746 Benton Rd. (Rt 116), N. Haverhill, NH 03774. Contact: Heather. Bryant@unh.edu, 603.787.6944 Rockingham County: Blueberries, Wednesday, April 8, 3:15 p.m.-5:30 p.m. Heron Pond Farm, 290 Main Ave., S. Hampton, NH 03827. Contact: Nada.haddad@unh.edu, 603.679.5616 Belknap County: Apples & Blueberries, Thursday, April 9, 4:00 p.m.-6:30 p.m. Smith Orchard, 184 Leavitt Rd., Belmont, NH 03220. Contact: Jeremy.DeLisle@unh. h. edu, 603.796.2151 Sullivan County: Apples & Blueberries, Saturday, April 11,10:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m. River View Farm, 141 River Road, Plainfield 03781, Contact: Seth.Wilner@unh.edu, 603.863.9200 Hillsborough County: Apples & Crabapples for Wildlife, Peaches & Pears, Monday, April 13, 4:00 p.m.-6:00 p.m., Shieling State Forest, 395 Old St. Rd., Peterborough 03458, Contact: George.Hamilton@unh.edu, 603.641.6060 Strafford County: Blueberries, Raspberries & Grapes, Wednesday, April 15, 4:00 p.m.-6:00 p.m. UNH Woodman Farm, NH Agricultural Experiment Station, 70 Spinney Lane, Durham, NH 03824. Contact: Becky.Sideman@unh.edu, 603.862.3200 Carroll County: Blueberries, Saturday, April 18, 10:00 a.m.-12:00 p.m. Merry Brook Farm, 1932 Chocoura Mtn. Highway (rt. 16) Albany, NH 03875 (Across from Monkey Trunks). Contact: Olivia.Saunders@ unh.edu, 603.447.3834 Hillsborough County: Ornamental Trees & Shrubs, Tuesday, April 21, 1:00 p.m.-3:00p.m. Beaver Brook Association, 117 Ridge Rd., Hollis, NH 03049. Contact: Emma.Erler@unh.edu, 603.351.3831 County: Apples Coös Count & Blueberries, Sa Saturday, April 25, 12:00 p.m.-3:00 p.m p.m. (rain date: May 2, 2020), Boulders and Berries, Berrie 108 US Rt. 3, Stratford, Stratfor NH 03590 (on the right 4.5 miles N. of Goveton), Pre-registration required. Contact: requ Heather.Bryant@unh.edu, Heather. 603.787.6944. 603.787.69

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

Page 19

Farmers’ Market Classified

Connecting NHFB members with what they have to sell and what they want to buy. NHFB’s Farmers’ Market is a free classified ad service to all NHFB members. If you have something to sell, buy or trade, this is your place to get noticed. Ads can be emailed to editor@nhfarmbureau.org or faxed to 228-8432. Want more information? Call us at 224-1934.


FOR SALE: Ford tricycle tractor. Restored

diesel model 4000. Select-o-speed trans. New FOR SALE: Two Purebred Nubian yearling rear tires, tubes, and wheels. $3,900. Call Roger does. Excellent bloodlines, disbudded, tattooed, in Westmoreland - 603-399-7775. registered, tested CAE free, G6S Normal and up to date CDT shots. $450 each. ADGA genetics: FOR SALE: Alpaca Sale: Buy 1, get 2nd of Lynette N002030105 (PB Doe), Brown w/wide equal or lesser value at 1/2 price. Nationally white stripe. Aviva N002030106 (PB Doe), ranked breeders, proven and unproven; pet/ Brown w/narrow white stripe. Twillingate fiber; herd guard. Colors range from white to black. Prices starting at $500. 603-746-3385, Dairy Goat Farm, Gilmanton. 276-1115 Hopkinton. FOR SALE: Two, 10,000lb Alko trailer axles, oil bath hubs, electric brakes. no rims, no FOR SALE: 6-Ton Low Bed Trailer, 22’ $2250. Call Robert 603-224-3036. springs $500. each. Concord 224-8862

FOR SALE: Turner Portable Band Sawmill, FOR SALE: Blue Ox Farm, a certified organic full hydraulic cuts 16ft, 6 - 28 in wide. $8500. vegetable farm in Enfield, NH is for sale. Due OBO call for more information 603-859-7981 to personal reasons, my wife and I are selling the farm as a going, profitable, farm business. leave a message. located in New Durham The farm has good land, good markets, good FOR SALE: Newly built 3 1/2 cord wood- records / financials, and a good assortment of shed, sturdily built with freshly sawn local equipment and supplies. We own 25 acres, lumber, build it yourself ( free plans with lum- and rent more land and a local barn. We are ber order, $795.) or have Tamworth Lumber selling: Our house and land (The house is build you a complete, well made air-drying partly furnished), The farm business and farm shed, $1985. set up at your house, visit: tam- assets, including 4 greenhouses, caterpillar worthlumber.com or call Jim (603) 651-8881, tunnels, tractors, implements, supplies and much more. This is a great opportunity to buy references available. a going profitable vegetable farm. For more FOR SALE: 1993 Delta 2 Horse Trailer. information, and an equipment list, please Bumper pull. Solid Frame and Floor. Needs reply to Steve Fulton at Steve@blueoxfarm.com back door welded or replaced. Has dressing FOR LEASE/RENT room With saddle racks and bridle racks but only has screen door on it. Solid door is missing. Has top back door that can be removed. FOR LEASE: 120 acres of current use Throughbreed Size. Tires not really used but farmland for up to 25 years. Excellent soils, old. Needs work on lights as well. Great trailer easily accessible water and in active production. have had for 15 years but has sat for five years. For information, visit www.hollisnh.org/ $1,000 or BRO. Color Red. Has some surface stefanowicz-lease or call Hollis Town Hall at rust in front and on side door. A little inside in (603) 465-2209 x101 the back otherwise inside in good shape. Call or SERVICES text for more information. located in Southern NH 781-548-1359. Veterinary Services: Now accepting new farm FOR SALE: 1 year old Belted Galloway and equine clients in New Hampshire & Vermont Dun colored heifer named Bonnie, comes with within a 40 mile radius of Canaan, New Hampshire. all her papers. Small build, will be 2 in June. Also specializing in Equine Dentistry with over 25 Perfect for backyard operation or 4-H project. years of experience. Able to travel further for larger Friendly, trailers fine. $1200 OBO. Located in barns. Cardigan Veterinary Clinic. 603-632-7500. Belmont. Call 603-707-6640.

AGRICULTURAL FENCING FOR SALE: Herd reduction sale. 2 Guernsey INSTALLATION: Some of the fencing we cows - $850 ea. 4 Angus/Hereford cross cows $850 ea. 2 Angus/Herford cross heifers - $700 ea. 1 Hereford heifer - $700. 1 Holstein heifer - $700. Mature cows and heifers bred to Red Angus or Hereford Bull, due from March to May, 2020. 8 month old Guernsey/Red Angus cross heifer calf, not bred - $500. Call Mark in Ashland 603-968-7937.

install is high tensile electric, woven wire stock fence and open to other requests. Other services available include field perimeter and fence line mowing with mini excavator with flail mower head. Please call Nate @ 603-648-6211 or email mockangus@tds.net

CONTRACT PRUNING: We are a contract

pruning service for the management of orchard crops FOR SALE: 1949 Cub Cadet Farmall and landscape specimens. We’re equipped to prune tractor. Comes w/side cutter bar, pulleys for standard, dwarf, and TSS varieties to maximize saws & original attachments. Excellent running productivity and increase disease resistance. For landscapes, aesthetics are also taken into condition - $2500. Call after 6pm 875-3842. consideration. Call 919-478-3788 to request a quote. FOR SALE: Hay conveyor. 23 ft. long. Can be 3 sections. Good motor & belts, new chain REAL ESTATE: Farms, Woodlots, - $400. 3-pt hitch culitvator. 6 tines, can be Recreational Land. Broker Tom Howard is an mounted for different spacing. Near new cond. Accredited Land Consultant with expertise - $150. Call 603-399-7210(h) or 603-439-1711(c). in Conservation Easements, Agriculture and Forestry. NH Conservation Real Estate, (603)253-4999.

The Communicator

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March/April 2020

Think Safe, Work Safe: Put Your Best Foot Forward with Low-Stress Livestock Handling By Elaina Enzien, UNH Cooperative Extension Field Specialist


et’s be honest, handling animals can be stressful for both the human and the animal, and it doesn’t always end well. Valuable time can be lost in the process and it can often be dangerous, in terms of loading a trailer for shipping or chute for doctoring, sending the cows to the parlor, or moving sheep from one pasture to the next. There is ample opportunity for situations to turn for the worse and for us to be left scratching our heads wondering, where did we go wrong? Before you know it, handling your animals has become a consistently negative experience for all parties involved. Although poor livestock handling can induce serious headaches and disheartened efforts, financial and welfare implications are just as disadvantageous. For the producer, a stressed animal means loss of revenue, be it in the form of lower conception rates, loss in meat quality, decrease in milk yields, and impaired immune function. Not to mention, in a society of meat, milk, and cheese eating enthusiasts, animal welfare has recently become a top consideration for the direction of customer’s purchases. Due to this shift, producers are beginning to think about how they can utilize this as a marketing advantage to benefit their business profit, killing two birds with one stone. A technique that has brought economic and marketing success to producers is low-stress livestock handling (LSLH). Father of the LSLH method is a stockman from Oregon, Bud Williams. He spent his life helping ranchers and farmers develop their attitudes so that they could better handle their cattle, resulting in smoother and more productive operations. LSLH educates farmers

how to act in response to the animal’s actions, not react. It’s the proper application of pressure at the proper angle and time so that communication is clear and consistent between the handler and the animal. So, where to begin? It can’t all possibly be covered in one sitting, but here are a few key components to consider when beginning to understand and implement low-stress handling. 1. The livestock are never wrong. This involves an attitude shift on the part of the handler. Sometimes it’s tough to not blame it all on the animal, but we have to remember that they act purely on survival instincts. Livestock do not have the ability to learn our language, so it’s up to us to learn theirs. We have to “tell” the livestock through proper pressure and allow them to do what we intend, by making our idea their idea. 2. Slow down and be quiet. Be sure to allow for plenty of time when handling animals. It’s natural to desire quicker results if you are in a time constraint, but it’s imperative to move slow and be patient. That being said, don’t confuse low-stress with

“slow-stress”. Moving at snail’s pace and still trying to force the animal into doing what you want isn’t any less stressful for them. Livestock have very sensitive hearing. They can hear you at a whisper, so there is no need to yell. The high frequencies will stress and scare them. 3. See the environment from their perspective. Where are the blind spots, holes, and shadows that may distract them from moving? These are hindrances that will bottleneck a chute or keep the herd from entering a new field or pasture 4. Be aware of your position. Understand where the livestock’s flight zone and pressure zones are and how your positioning affects them. You want to work in and out of the pressure zone, but stay out of the flight zone. Cattle and horses, for example, cannot see directly behind them. Therefore you don’t want to drive them straight from behind, as this will create stress. Work them from the sides and the front as much as possible. Most animals do not like curved lines, as prey animals, predators typically circle them. Keep lines straight. 5. Where there is pressure, there must also be release. This is very important, especially when handling new or young livestock. This will be your future herd, so start off on

Forestry Mowing, General Excavation, View Enhancement, Field Reclamation, Vegetation Control, Headland Clearing Ben Davis (603) 998-3642 brdavisland@gmail.com www.brdavisland.com Canterbury, NH

For keeping your animals in or keeping the critters Gallagher ~ Geotek ~ Dare out, we have Farm Supply ~ Gripple ~ Applegate fencing solutions for you

Agricultural Electric Fence

a good note. Making sure that there is a release is almost more important than applying the pressure. A release might be as simple as you shifting your weight backwards after telling the animal to move forward. It will teach them where to be and not to be when they are around you, and it will give them confidence that you aren’t going to chase them all over Timbuktu. 6. Create good movement, and keep it going. As a result of proper pressure and release, you will get movement. You are teaching the animal what good movement feels like. With good movement your animals will go where you want them to go and the will stay where you put them. If they have a moment of joy, and go bucking across a field, direct the movement instead of shutting it down. 7. Observe, remember, and compare. This type of handling is not necessarily common sense and certainly won’t become habit overnight. Take the time to observe, study, and understand the natural behavior of the livestock species you intend to work with. LSLH will teach you to be more observant and in tune with the animals instincts, and in turn handling will go much smoother and cause significantly less stress for the animal, and yourself.

March/April 2020

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

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The Communicator

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March/April 2020









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pril marks the time when many people head to their local farm store to purchase chicks and the required supplies necessary to start a backyard flock. The popularity of raising chickens, both as a hobby and on a larger commercial scale, has grown significantly in recent years as people become more interested in providing their own meat and fresh eggs. As more chickens inhabit more backyards, bears and other wildlife have learned to recognize chickens and the associated poultry feed as an easily accessible food source. Most coops, pens and runs are constructed with the intent of keeping poultry in and typically fail at keeping wildlife out. If poultry is not adequately contained and protected, loss by wildlife is unavoidable. Documented complaints regarding bears and chickens average 115/ year and are 7X higher compared to the level a decade ago. Curtailing this trend will take a concerted effort by all.

Online Resources:

Somethin’s Bruin in NH - Learn to Live with Bears https://www.wildlife.state.nh.us/wildlife/bears/index.html

Protecting Poultry from Predators https://www.wildlife.state.nh.us/wildlife/predators.html

Raising Poultry in NH - Preventing Loss by Bears https://www.wildlife.state.nh.us/wildlife/documents/protect-livestock.pdf

Bearwise.org - Bear Safety Tips - Livestock, Bees, Crops, Orchards https://bearwise.org/bear-safety-tips/livestock-crops/

The most effective way to protect poultry from predation by bears is through the use of an electic fence. (Photo credit: NH Fish & Game)

Join Today

•Not a member? •Know someone who should be?

Farmers, gardners, local food consumers, nature fans, teachers, property owners, and anyone who enjoys rural New hampshire are the kinds of people involved with Farm Bureau.

Use the applicaƟon on this page or sign up online at www.nhfarmbureau/join-today/

$200,000 - and over ............................ $175 Retired Farmer, over 65 ......................... $35 Supporting Members (Based on Age) Adult .................................................... $60 Student (under age 24) ......................... $26 Seniors, over 65 .................................... $35

Mail applicaƟon and payment to: NH Farm Bureau FederaƟon 295 Sheep Davis Road, Concord, NH 03301

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If you would like to receive our Friday Review publica on of legisla ve updates, please choose an op on: ___I will access it online on the NHFBF website ___Send me a hard-copy via USPS ___E-mail me to save postage and paper

No. Acres Owned/Leased ___0-49 ___50-99 ___100-249 ___250-499 ___500 and over Do you have land under Current Use TaxaƟon? ___Yes ___No

___Fruit/Berry ___Turf ___Goats ___Vegetables ___Greenhouse Produc on ___Ag Service Provider ___Hogs ___Agri-Tourism ___Honey ___Farmers’ Market Vendor ___Landscaper ___Other Livestock: ___Maple _______________________ ___Nursery ___Other Product: ___Poultry/Eggs _______________________ ___Sheep ___Cer fied Organic Producer ___Specialty Foods ___U.S. Veteran

___Aquaculture ___Beef Ca le ___Christmas Trees ___Commercial Fishery ___Corn/Grain ___Dairy ___Equine ___Farm Stand ___Flowers/Herbs ___Forage Crops/Hay ___Forest Products

Are you interested in any of the following programs or commiƩees? ___Ag in the Classroom ___Government Affairs ___Special Events ___Associated Women ___Policy Development ___Veterans in Agriculture ___Board Member ___Promo on & Educa on ___Young Farmers (ages 16 - 35)

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Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

Make checks payable to: NH FARM BUREAU

Enclosed Check # ________

Total $ _________________

Address ___________________________________________ City, ST, Zip ________________________________________________

Degree of Farming ___Full- me Farmer Phone _______________________________ E-mail _______________________________________________ DOB ___/____/____ ___Part- me Farmer Solicitor _____________________________ NHFB# ________________________________________________________________ ___Re red Farmer ( For Office Only) ___Agribusiness Membership Dues (Please circle one) Credit Card Payments Dues $ _________________ ___Ag Professional Farmer Members (Based on Gross Ag Income) American Express Visa MasterCard Discover Membership Dues NHAITC Dona on $ _________________ ___Farm Employee $1 - $25,000. ........................................ $75 CC#________ ________ ________ ________ $25,001 - $75,000 ............................... $100 Please consider a donaƟon. ___Ag Student CVV ____________ Exp. Date ______/______ $75,001 - $200,000 ............................. $125

To assist us in serving you be er, please answer the following ques ons. Note: we do not share your informa on with others.

While it may be possible to build coops strong enough to keep out species such as foxes, raccoons, and bobcats, bears require a different approach because of their strength and agility. The most effective way to protect poultry from predation by bears is to use electric fence. Bears honor electricity and the use of electric fence is the most efficient and viable way to protect this resource from loss to wildlife. As you start your backyard flock this spring, consider investing in the tools and equipment that will protect your investment. Most farm stores carry a good supply of electric fencing supplies and have knowledgeable staff on hand to assist you. The NH Fish and Game Department and USDA Wildlife Services (603223-6832) are also available to assist you with mitigating conflicts between bears and chickens. A well-designed chicken coop effectively protects the homeowner’s investment, as well as New Hampshire’s black bears.

Name ______________________________________ Farm Name ____________________________________ Date ___/____/____

Protect Your Poultry Investment Go Electric! New Members - Please Tell Us About Yourself

A Message from NH Fish and Game and USDA Wildlife Services:

Support NH Farmers - Join The New Hampshire Farm Bureau!

March/April 2020 Page 23

March/April 2020

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

Page 24

The Many BENEFITS of Farm Bureau Farmu Burea S

American National Special Rate Plans for NHFB Members



With VE SA com r. e g grain New Hampshire Farm Bureau members get special member prices on selected categories and brands from Grainger, PLUS free standard parcel shipping on all standard Grainger products.

American National Insurance Company offers two special rate plans for NHFB members personal auto, SFP-10® and Country Estate insurance! The personal auto special rate plan will represent about a 5% savings on your American National personal auto policy if it’s associated with an active NHFB membership. The SFP-10® and Country Estate special rate plan will afford about a 3% savings on your American National farm policy if it’s associated with an active NHFB membership

Go to https://www.grainger.com/farmbureau and establish a new Grainger.com® account using your NHFB Account #: 855922498

Please contact your local American National agent for special rate plan information. To find an agent in your area call: American National is endorsed by the New Hampshire Farm Bureau

or visit

Brandon Coffman, General Agent

*Standard parcel freight is paid by Seller on all orders, unless otherwise stated, to Buyer’s place of business anywhere in the contiguous United States. Other terms and conditions may apply for other than standard parcel delivery (“Other Freight Services”), including expedited same-day delivery, air freight, freight collect, sourced orders, export orders, hazardous materials, Buyer’s carrier, shipments outside the contiguous U.S. or other special handling by the carrier. Charges incurred for Other Freight Services must be paid by Buyer.

603-223-6686 - www.americannational.com

New Hampshire Farm Bureau members can save up to $5,000 on Cat excavators, skid steers, wheel loaders, and more!


Call 1-877-202-2594 grainger.com/farmbureau

John Deere now offers John Deere Rewards to members of New Hampshire Farm Bureau. Farm Bureau members receive discounts, special low rate financing, and all other benefits associated with Rewards Platinum 2 status. It’s easy to become a John Deere Rewards member too! Just sign up for John Deere Rewards program using a valid member ID and zip code for membership verification, and become a Platinum 2 level by visiting www.JohnDeere.com/FarmBureau!

www.nhfarmbureau.org/member-benefits for more info

lifelinescreening.com/nhfb Or call us toll free at (800) 718-1169 Life Line Screening can evaluate your risk for most critical – and often undiagnosed – healthcare conditions. Stroke, Vascular Disease and Heart Rhythm Package … $135 for NHFB members. Because you are a valued member of the New Hampshire Farm Bureau, call to make an appointment today and receive a FREE Osteoporosis Risk Assessment.

New Farmer Toolkit

Excl u NHFsive Mem B Bene ber fit

NHFB offers this his is guide, filled with individual fact sheets addressing topics pertinent to planning and operating a farm business, as a NH Farm Bureau Member benefit. Call the office at 603-224-1934 or visit www.nhfarmbureau.org to view the toolkit!

New Hampshire Farm Bureau Members can save up to 20% off the Best Available Rate at over 8,000 participating hotels worldwide.

Visit www.wyndhamhotels.com/ farm-bureau


CREDIT CARD Processing

Do you need wireless payment capabilities at farm stands or farmers’ markets?


- Credit & Debit Card - E-Commerce Solutions - Gift & Loyalty Card Programs - Terminal Sales & Servicing - Wireless Payments

SAVE 20% WITH YOUR N.H. Farm Bureau Rate Code: 00209700

Health & dental insurance available for qualifying Farm Bureau members. Call NEEBCo, our exclusive broker at (603) 228-1133 for more information.

Farm Bureau members enjoy exclusive savings when renting from AVIS. Use Avis Worldwide Discount code: A298829. Visit: http://www.Avis.com/nhfb

For information call Joel Breton at (603) 623-0561 or email sales@mjmassociates.net.

Farm Bureau members also enjoy exclusive savings when renting from BUDGET. Use Budget Customer Discount Number (BCD): Y775729. Visit: http://www.Budget.com/nhfb

Farm Bureau members receive a 10% discount on Carhartt apparel at The Barn Store in Salisbury and Osborne’s Agway locations in Concord, Hooksett, and Belmont. Present your membership card at checkout.


FREE Prescription Drug Card

Call the NH Farm Bureau at 224-1934 to receive your prescription card. NOTE: This card is being provided to you at NO COST. There are no forms to fill out. Simply take this card into a participating pharmacy with your Rx to qualify for discounts on medication.

New Hampshire Farm Bureau u members save $500 per unit on n the purchase or lease of Case IH H Maxxum® tractors; Farmall® C series utility, U series utility and d 100A series tractors; self-propelled d windrowers and large square e balers. A $300 per unit incentive is available for Case IH Farmall® C series compact and Farmall A series utility tractors, Case IH Scout® utility vehicles and other hay tools,

including round balers, small square balers, disc mower conditioners and sicklebar mower conditioners. Visit www.nhfarmbureau.org/memberbenefits for more information!

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The Communicator - 2020 March/April  


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