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Vol. 42, No. 4







Cattle and Hog Market Disruptions Renew Interest in Mandatory Country of Origin Labeling

Happy Hogs from Farrow to Finish ABOVE PHOTO

“People like pork,” says Mark Florenz of Archway Farm in Keene, NH...and he should know. Raising hogs on pasture for wholesale and retail sales since 2014, Mark has grown a business that focuses on animal welfare (The farm is Certified Animal Welfare Approved) and stewardship of the land. Through those two strategies Archway farm provides top-quality products from bacon to pork chops and helps fuel a vibrant agricultural community in the Monadnock region.

By Veronica Nigh American Farm Bureau Economist

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HOGS – Page 9




(Photo Credit: USDA)

Celebrate NH EATS LOCAL MONTH in August!


ajor disruptions in the cattle and hog markets, one of the several fallouts of the COVID-19 pandemic, have led to many conversations about policy options that might be helpful. One much-discussed solution is mandatory country of origin labeling.

Explore a sampling of stories and statistics for your favorite local foods on pages 10 & 11

Live Cattle and Pig Trade: Before diving into the background on MCOOL it is helpful to understand the interconnectedness of the live cattle and live hog markets in the United States, Canada and Mexico. Over more than two decades, the cattle and hog industries in Canada, the U.S. and Mexico have evolved based on a consistent and favorable market arrangement. Nearly 100% of U.S. live cattle imports come from Canada and Mexico and nearly 100% all live hog imports come from Canada. Background: MCOOL provisions were enacted in the 2002 farm bill to take effect on Sept. 30, 2004. After several delays, the final implementation rule took effect on March 16, 2009. The MCOOL rule required most retail food stores to inform


MCO OL - CON T I N UED ON PAGE 20 New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation 295 Sheep Davis Road, Concord, NH 03301 CHANGE SERVICE REQUESTED


PAID Permit #1 N. Haverhill, NH


. The official newspaper of the New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation.

The Communicator

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July/August 2020

ForWard Thinking By Denis Ward, New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation President

New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation President Denis Ward, Old Homestead Farm, Monroe, NH


uring the month of June, New Hampshire Farm Bureau partnered with UNH Extension to raise awareness about stress and handling mental health while farming. There probably isn’t anyone in agriculture without stress of some sort. The point is to not let it build to a point where it endangers your well-being. Talking to another farmer or to someone you trust about whatever it is that is getting you down is a good step to relieving some of the stress. Maybe you will be helping the person you are talking to just as much. You can learn more about this initiative on page 17 of this issue of The Communicator. The search for a new Dean of the University of New Hampshire College of Life Sciences and Agriculture (COLSA) is underway. Hopefully, the replacement for the retiring Dean, Jon Wraith, will be as good for the agriculture interests as Jon was. I hope those with any influence on the pick are cognizant of who the candidates are and help to get the best one. The direction of the college is important. Speaking of new hires, Scott Mason has been nominated by Governor Chris Sununu to be the next Executive Director of Fish and Game. As of this writing the Executive Council has voted to delay approval until they can have a meeting with him. Scott has been an active member of Farm Bureau in Coos

County as well as at the state level. He has served on innumerable committees dealing with a variety of things in the state and some nationally. He has done all this while operating a dairy farm. No doubt he will do a great job. You can read more about his nomination on page 6 in the County, Committee & Member News section. Hopefully, he will have been confirmed by the time you are reading this. The legislature has been slowed down by COVID-19 but is working toward doing at least some of their work before the session ends. I believe a lot of what was planned will be put off until the next session in the fall so maybe we won’t be having to work quite as hard as usual to protect agricultural interests, for now. It worries me to hear, however, that the Senate is doing some Christmas tree legislating. This is where they have a good bill but then allow all sorts of amendments, which may not be related at all, thus some bad stuff gets passed along with the good part. Probably by the time this is being read we will have a clearer picture. I know Rob is watching what is going on and will alert us if we need to be concerned. Starting this issue, the Associated Women of NHFB are offering a spotlight into some of their membership. While you may hear about the activities and projects they undertake as a group, this series will help us get to know individual members of the AW. Some have been Farm Bureau members and leaders throughout the years and carry a great deal of history of our organization with them. To start off this series, you can learn about past AW President Ruth Scruton and what keeps her busy these days on page 22. June is Dairy month and August is Eat Local month. If we have learned one thing from the pandemic it is how valuable our local food supply is. Drink milk, eat other dairy products, and get produce from your local farmers! It is fresh, clean, healthy, good for the environment, and the economy of the entire state benefits. Hope everyone has a great summer!


INSIDE July/August 2020 County, Committee & Member News . . . . . . . . 6 Local Meat Producers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Local Fruit & Vegetable Producers. . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Eye on Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Classifieds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 New Hampshire Farm Bureau President Denis Ward operates Old Homestead Farm in Monroe with his wife Jeanne. This summer they’ve been off to a busy start producing hay.

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

July/August 2020

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US Department of Transportation Adjusts ‘Hours of Service’ Rule for Truckers From Farm Credit East Knowledge Exchange Partner, June 2020 The U.S. has long had many regulations to ensure that trucks travel our roads safely. However, it seems that in recent years, the level of complexity of these regulations has dramatically increased. While farm, forest and fishing businesses are not primarily in the trucking business, they still operate commercial vehicles and therefore must comply with the same laws and rules as transportation companies with large truck fleets. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) was established within the U.S. Department of Transportation in 2000, pursuant to the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999. The FMCSA, as it is known, has a mission to prevent commercial motor vehiclerelated fatalities and injuries, and to support the development of unified motor carrier safety requirements and procedures throughout North America. The breadth of regulations administered by the FMCSA go far beyond what can be covered in this article, but a significant set of rules apply to “hours of service” (HOS), which relates to the number of hours per week that a driver is allowed to work in order to avoid fatigue-related accidents. Currently, if a driver of a commercial vehicle (which is not

the same as a vehicle requiring a commercial driver’s license), travels beyond a 100-air-mile radius of their home location, they must comply with HOS regulations. Perhaps the most significant rule change is that this exemption will be extended to a 150-air mile radius. The following types of vehicles are considered commercial vehicles: Vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVW), or gross combination weight rating, or gross weight, or gross combination weight of more than 10,000 pounds. Vehicles designed to transport more than 15 passengers. Vehicles transporting hazardous materials in a quantity requiring placards, regardless of the GVW The Department of Transportation has had HOS rules since 1937. These rules have been revised over the years, with the most recent revision occurring in late 2019. Based on public comments and input received from commercial drivers, operators and other industry experts, FMCSA’s final rule on hours of service offers four key revisions to the existing HOS rules: The agency will increase safety and flexibility for the 30-minute break rule by requiring a break after 8 hours of consecutive driving and

allowing the break to be satisfied by a driver using on-duty, not driving status, rather than off-duty status. The agency will modify the sleeper-berth exception to allow drivers to split their required 10 hours off duty into two periods: utilizing either an 8/2-hour split or a 7/3 hour split with neither period counting against the driver’s 14-hour driving window. Previously the two hours out of the sleeper berth counted against the 14-hour window. The agency will modify the adverse driving conditions exception by extending by two hours the maximum window during which driving is permitted. The agency will change the short-haul exception available to certain commercial drivers by lengthening the driver’s maximum on-duty period from 12 to 14 hours and extending the distance limit within which the driver may operate from 100 air miles to 150 air miles. FMCSA estimates that these modifications will result in savings for operators and business owners, and states that the final rule will provide the needed time for operators

to keep trucks on the road, keeping the U.S. food and goods supply open and operating safely to meet the growing demand of the U.S. consumer. This new final rule will go into effect in mid-September 2020. A summary of the hours of service rules before and after the change (for property carrying drivers) can be found at https://www.farmcrediteast. com/knowledge-exchange/. In addition to the HOS changes listed at the link above, which apply to truckers of all types, agricultural haulers have some additional exemptions, which remain in place, including: • Haulers of livestock or insects are exempt from the 30-minute break requirement after 8 hours of driving. • Haulers of “agricultural commodities” only need to count their hours-of-service for the portion of their trip when they are outside the 150 air-mile radius. Hours driven within that radius, or after returning to that radius are not counted, effectively extending their onduty availability.


CONSULTING SERVICES As your business continues to adjust to the “new normal” it’s crucial to make sure you’re doing all you can to adapt. From operational changes to reworking budgets, the farm business consultants at Farm Credit East are here to guide you. Keep your business Strong at the Roots. Call your Farm Credit East advisor today.

800.825.3252 farmcrediteast.com/consulting

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The Communicator

July/August 2020

Make Hay (Bale Creations) While the Sun Shines Board of Directors Executive Committee President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Denis Ward 1st Vice President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Joyce Brady 2nd Vice President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tom McElroy 2nd Vice President. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Leandra Pritchard Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Howard Pearl President, Associated Women . . . . . . . Elaine Moore Co - Chair, Young Farmer Committee. Ammy Rice Amelia Aznive County Presidents Belknap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brian Matarozzo Carroll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . David Babson Cheshire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beth Hodge Coos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Joyce Brady Grafton. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kristen May Hillsboro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trevor Hardy Merrimack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Leandra Pritchard Rockingham . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Phil Ferdinando Strafford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Matt Scruton Sullivan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bob Cunniff Staff Executive Director. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Diane Clary Policy Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Robert Johnson, II Communications Director. . . . . . . . .Josh Marshall Office Assistant/Receptionist. . . . . . . . . . Portia Jackson

New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation 295 Sheep Davis Rd. Concord, NH 03301 Phone: 603-224-1934 Fax: 603-228-8432 www.nhfarmbureau.org

Last year’s ‘judge’s choice’ for best hay bale creation was submitted by Christie & Andrew Morrill of Morrill Farm Dairy in Penacook. Can you top their creation this summer?

After the success of last year’s NHFB Hay Bale Creation Showcase, we’re bringing it back for 2020! We want you to show off your creative side by sharing photos of your very

can also visit nhfarmbureau.org/ haybale to submit a photo. We’ll be featuring our favorites in future editions of The Communicator, so keep your eyes peeled!

Member Benefits, The Icing on the Advocacy Cake Diane Clary NHFB Executive Director

NHFBF Standing Committee Chairs Dairy: Beth Hodge, Hinsdale Energy: Henry Ahern, Plymouth Equine: Jozi Best, Unity Government Affairs: Erick Sawtelle, Lee Horticulture: Seth Wilner, Newport Livestock & Poultry: Henry Ahern, Plymouth Ernie Vose, Walpole Membership: Sandy Salo, Marlow Policy Development: Joyce Brady, Columbia Profile Award: Ernie Vose, Walpole Young Farmer: Ammy Rice, Milford

own hay bale creations. From now through September 2020, post a photo of your hay bale decoration (like the one above) on Facebook or Instagram using #NHFBHayBaleShowcase20. You


hen is the last time you took advantage of one of the many member benefits NH Farm Bureau offers? Don’t remember what your member benefits are? Just flip to the back page of this edition of The Communicator to find many opportunities to save money! It is easy to access these benefits on our webpage www.nhfarmbureu. org, unsure how you go about that? Reach out to the office at 224-

1934 or to me personally dianec@ nhfarmbureau.org and we will help you out. To use your member benefits online you must have an email address on file and log in to the NHFB website, so if you haven’t been set up already, do it today. Don’t miss out on these great offers. Here are just some of the vendors offering savings: Grainger, John Deere, Ford, Lincoln, American National/Farm Family, NeebCo, Wyndam, Choice, Avis, Budget and more.

Excl u NHFsive Mem B Bene ber fits!

Amelia Aznive, Concord

The Communicator Where NH Farmers Turn For News editor@nhfarmbureau.org The opinions expressed within this publication are not necessarily those of the New Hampshire Farm Bureau. The Communicator is published six times a year, by New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation. Subscription comes with membership. It is received in the homes of over 3,000 NHFB members. Presorted standard postage paid at N. Haverhill, N.H. Deadlines for submissions, advertisements and calendar listings are the first Friday of the month for the following month’s issue. For advertising information contact the NHFB office at 224-1934.

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Farm Bureau Seeks Entrepreneurs Addressing Farm and Rural Challenges $145K in Startup Funds Available; Apply by July 31

The American Farm Bureau Federation, in partnership with Farm Credit, has opened online applications for the 2021 Farm Bureau Ag Innovation Challenge. This national business competition showcases U.S. startup companies that are addressing challenges faced by America’s farmers, ranchers and rural communities. Farm Bureau will award $145,000 in startup funds provided by sponsors Farm Credit, John Deere, Bayer Crop Science, Country Financial, Farm Bureau Financial Services and Farm Bureau Bank. Launched in 2015 as the first national competition focused exclusively on rural entrepreneurs, the Challenge continues to identify the next ag entrepreneurs to watch and supports innovation essential to Farm Bureau member businesses and communities. For this seventh

Finalists for the 2020 Farm Bureau Ag Innovation Challenge pose with sponsors ahead of their presentations at the 2020 American Farm Bureau Annual Meeting and Trade Show. (Photo Credit: American Farm Bureau)

year of the competition, Farm Bureau is seeking entrepreneurs who are addressing both traditional challenges farmers and rural communities face – like the 2020 Farm Bureau Entrepreneur of the Year, Dana Mohr with HydroSide Systems, who developed an automated irrigation system – as well as business owners tackling

new challenges due to the COVID-19 pandemic. “In light of the impacts Farm Bureau members are experiencing from COVID-19, solutions from entrepreneurs are needed more than ever to help farmers, ranchers and rural communities,” said AFBF President Zippy Duvall. “We’re A FBF - CON T. PAGE 20

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

July/August 2020

The Zipline

WELCOME - NEW Members! (April April 4, 2020 - May 28, 2020 )

Taking Control in Stressful Times To say that 2020 has been stressful would be an understatement. We started the year with weather disasters, then followed that up with COVID-19 and now we are saddened to watch the social unrest that’s happening across our country. For farmers and ranchers, volatility and difficulty are nothing new, but that doesn’t mean they don’t take their toll on us. It’s important to acknowledge and talk about the stresses we’re facing. But it’s also important to recognize ways we can take control and make things better—to improve our farm state of mind. One way to make things better is just talking about it. When I went on a radio show recently to talk about the loss of my wife, Bonnie, it was eyeopening to me how much it helped to do something we farmers and ranchers don’t often do—open up and talk about our feelings. It was like a weight was lifted off my shoulders. I had been carrying that weight on my own, but once I talked about my emotions it was as if all the listeners were helping me carry that weight.

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Vincent “Zippy” Duvall, a poultry, cattle and hay producer from Greene County, Georgia, is the 12th president of the American Farm Bureau Federation.

friend, pastor or family member who sees someone struggling or just not seeming like himself or herself, please offer to listen. Just listen and give that person that chance to unload some of the burden. Some of us might feel we’re illequipped to help someone who is depressed or stressed, but anyone who is willing to help can do so. The American Farm Bureau is offering free training to any Farm Bureau member who wants to learn about how to get someone talking, the right questions to ask, and how to get more help for someone who may be in crisis. Developed by experts at Michigan State University Extension, this online training will give people the skills needed to spot the warning signs of stress and suicide, and how to communicate and connect farmers and ranchers with resources to help them. I hope you’ll check out our Rural Resilience Training and let AFBF President Zippy Duvall chats with an attendee of the Farmfest others know about this free 2019 Festival. (Photo Credit: AFBF) resource. We never know when we might be called My story is very different from the on to help someone who is in trouble, experience of someone else, but the so it’s good to be ready. common thread is the power of sharing There are also a lot of tips and our load. If you’re going through a resources on the American Farm difficult time, please reach out to a Bureau’s Farm State of Mind web page, friend, your pastor, or a family member such as signs of stress, conversation you can trust. Let someone help you starters and links to more resources, carry your load. And if you’re that including the national suicide






prevention hotline. As with many issues, there are plenty of resources out there, but we just need to make it a priority. Resources don’t do any good unless we believe using them is important. Folks, rural stress is a real and growing problem, and addressing it is important. As many of us or our friends, family and neighbors go through a tough time, let’s not push this aside and say, “It will pass,” “Just get over it,” or “That’s not my problem.” That’s not how mental health works. This challenge is just as




important as anything else that affects the health of our farms and ranches and our families. So let’s deal with it headon by talking about it, learning about it and sharing our load. These are strange and troubling days—no doubt about it. We don’t have control over prices, weather, global politics or pandemics. But we do have control over how we react and respond. Let’s talk about it and equip ourselves with the knowledge to do whatever is in our power and help each other get through these stressful times.

RECENT STUMPAGE & BIOMASS PRICES Stumpage prices are republished with permission from the most recent New Hampshire Timberland Owners Association Market Pulse Data. For over 25 years, NHTOA has conducted a quarterly survey of the state’s timber markets. For more information visit www.nhtoa.org

Species Product


White Pine











$151 85-180

$345 285-370

$144 85-160

$331 265-380

$133 85-160

$319 285-340

Sugar Maple


$316 265-350

$571 500-650

$261 150-350

$589 480-825

$258 150-325

($500) 500

Fuel Grade Chips (Per ton)


($1.00) 1 - 1.5

$31 26 - 34

$0.7 .25 - 1.0

($26) 25 - 28

($0.6) .25-1.0


Avg = Average

R = Range

( ) = Fewer than 4 observations

ND = No Data

STP = Stumpage

Del = Delivered

Biomass data provided by The New Hampshire Office of Energy and Planning. Biomass data is updated quarterly. For more fuel price data and full details visit www.nh.gov/oep/energy.

Fuel Type


Wood (Bulk Delivered Ton) Wood (Cord)

$289.50 $325.42

Heat Content Per Unit (BTU) 16,500,000 20,000,000

Price Per Million BTU $21.93 $32.54

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The Communicator

July/August 2020

County, Committee & Member News CHESHIRE COUNTY FARM BUREAU Our county, as all counties, are finding it different holding our meetings by Zoom. Hopefully soon we will be able to meet as before. Zoom is good, however meeting in person seems to bring out so much more in our discussions. Our President Beth Hodge and Vice President Frank Linnenbringer are doing a wonderful job of keeping us grounded in these difficult times. We are grateful to have them with us. In saying the above we have been busy and are working on a couple of projects. We are in discussion for a project of collecting items for area food pantries. Another topic is naming local farm stands. The State is compiling a list of stands in NH. Elaine suggested perhaps picking up on small stands the State does not list. There are many mom and pop stands on town roadways that people could benefit knowing about, perhaps right in their own town. How about a fun Scavenger Hunt locating these farm stands? Sounds like fun for the young’ens! This will be discussed more at our next meeting which we are hoping will be a group gathering. We are proud of our Cheshire County Farm Bureau members and knowing we have gone over our quota for members at this time. Pandemic or not, we know our members are right there for Farm Bureau and all it stands for. We lost so much this year not being able to read at schools, libraries, and many other places. When the state is approved to “gather” again Cheshire County Farm Bureau Board will still be working diligently for all farms and families. Anyone wishing to know more about CCFB or attend a meeting (meetings are the first Monday of each month) please let one of the Board Members know. My phone is always on and am happy to discuss Farm Bureau with you. Phone 603-313-1806 Cheshire County Farm Bureau Newsletter will be going out the first part of July. If anyone wishes to submit a story, tell us about your farming experience, have something to sell (farm related), pictures of your farm, etc., please give me a call 603-313-1806 or email Elaine Moore at mklmfarm49@ gmail.com. Our last newsletter had a wonderful story from Dave Adams from East Hill Farm. Lets see more stories! Let people know what CCFB and Farming means to you. AND, how about some of our Board members saying a few words about who they are and why they have joined Farm Bureau. -Elaine Moore, CCFB Secretary

YOUNG FARMER COMMITTEE The New Hampshire Farm Bureau Young Farmers Committee have had a quiet spring with the Legislative Breakfast being postponed. We all got together to help clean up the yard and spread bark mulch to brighten up the NHFB office grounds. We had six member show up throughout the day to work together and get the office cleaned up.

Young Farmer Committee Co-Chairs Ammy Rice and Amelia Aznive have been participating with the state Farm Bureau meetings and recently attended an American Farm Bureau Federation Networking Session in the middle of June on Zoom! The experience took an hour and we had the opportunity to meet farmers and agricultural enthusiasts from all across the country. The Young Farmer Committee will be holding a remote meeting via Zoom in the near future to work on planning Summer and Thanksgiving Baskets. Keep an eye out for details on our Facebook Page and in NHFB’s weekly e-newsletter, The Post to work on planning Summer and Thanksgiving Baskets.

MEMBER NEWS Governor Chris Sununu To Nominate Scott Mason for Fish and Game Executive Director Governor Chris Sununu today announced that he will nominate Scott R. Mason of Stratford, New Hampshire, to serve as the next Executive Director of the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department at tomorrow’s Executive Council meeting. Per RSA 206:8, I., the Executive Director of Fish and Game is nominated by the Fish and Game Commission, which is then brought to Governor Chris Sununu for appointment before bringing it to the Executive Council for

Above: NHFB Young Farmer Committee Co-Chair Ammy Rice participates in an American Farm Bureau Networking Session. Below: Ben Davis and Ray Balcom spread mulch at the NHFB office as part of the Young Farmer Committee Spring Clean Up. (Photo credit: Ammy Rice)

a confirmation vote. “Scott is a lifelong outdoorsmen with deep experience for the task at-hand,” said Governor Chris Sununu. “I would like to thank Director Normandeau for his many years of service, and to the Fish and Game Commission for bringing Scott’s nomination to me.” “I wish to thank Governor Sununu for his confidence in nominating me to be the next Executive Director of the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department,” said Scott Mason. I have hunted and fished all my life in New Hampshire, and, as a farmer and landowner, I understand the principles behind conserving our natural resources for future generations. With Executive Council approval, I look forward to helping New Hampshire protect it’s wildlife and it’s outdoor recreation traditions that make our state special.” Per RSA 206:8, I “The commission, following a comprehensive and equitable search, shall nominate, and the governor and council shall appoint, an executive director of the fish and game department. If the governor and council fail to appoint the nominee, the commission shall nominate another person. Each nominee shall be a person with knowledge of, and experience in, the requirements for the protection, conservation and restoration of the wildlife resources of the state and shall be a competent administrator. The executive director shall hold the office for a term of 4-years from the date of appointment. A vacancy in such office shall be filled for the remainder of the unexpired term.” Editors note: The date has not yet been set, at press time, for a public hearing on Mason’s nomination, though it appears it may be scheduled sometime during the first part of July. Shortly after the public hearing the Executive Council will take up and vote on whether to confirm Mason for the position or not. He needs 3 of the 5 Councilor votes in the affirmative. For more information, visit https://www.nh.gov/council/

Scott Mason

If you want your County Farm Bureau, Farm Bureau Committee, or Farm Bureau Member news listed in the County, Committee & Member News section, please contact Josh Marshall at editor@nhfarmbureau.org or contact your County President or Secretary! A full listing of County Leaders can be found at www.nhfarmbureau.org

July/August 2020

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

Page 7

USDA COVID-19 Related Assistance Program for Farmers Compiled by Rob Johnson from the USDA website: www.farmers.gov/cfap re you a farmer or rancher whose operation has been directly impacted by the coronavirus pandemic? The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program provides direct relief to producers who faced price declines and additional marketing costs due to COVID-19. USDA is accepting applications now through August 28, 2020. Producers should apply through the Farm Service Agency at their local USDA Service Center.



Nuts: almonds, pecans, walnuts

About the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program


Other: beans, mushrooms


The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program, or CFAP, provides vital financial assistance to producers of agricultural commodities who have suffered a five-percent-or-greater price decline or who had losses due to market supply chain disruptions due to COVID-19 and face additional significant market costs. Eligible commodities include: 

Non-specialty Crops: malting barley, canola, corn, upland cotton, millet, oats, soybeans, sorghum, sunflowers, durum wheat, and hard red spring wheat




Livestock: cattle, hogs, and sheep (lambs and yearlings only)




Specialty Crops o

Fruits: apples, avocados, blueberries, cantaloupe, grapefruit, kiwifruit, lemons, oranges, papaya, peaches, pears, raspberries, strawberries, tangerines, tomatoes, watermelons

Vegetables: artichokes, asparagus, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, sweet corn, cucumbers, eggplant, garlic, iceberg lettuce, romaine lettuce, dry onions, green onions, peppers, potatoes, rhubarb, spinach, squash, sweet potatoes, taro

CFAP Eligibility Eligible producers (person or legal entity) of specified agricultural commodities outlined above who have suffered a five percent-orgreater price decline as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, and who face substantial marketing costs for inventories, are eligible for CFAP payments. To be eligible for payments, a person or legal entity must have an average adjusted gross income of less than $900,000 for tax years 2016, 2017, and 2018. However, if 75 percent of their adjusted gross income comes from farming, ranching, or forestry, the AGI limit of $900,000 does not apply. Persons and legal entities also must: 


comply with the provisions of the “Highly Erodible Land and Wetland Conservation” regulations, often called the conservation compliance provisions; if a foreign person, provides land, capital, and a substantial amount of active personal labor to the farming operation; and


not have a controlled substance violation. How to Apply

Producers should apply through their local Farm Service Agency Service Center. While USDA Service Centers are open for business by phone appointment only, FSA is working with our agricultural producers by phone and using email and online tools to process applications. Please call your FSA county office to schedule an appointment. You can find contact information for your local USDA Service Center at the bottom of the page. Applications can be submitted electronically either by scanning, emailing, or faxing. Please call your office prior to sending applications electronically. A CFAP Call Center is available for producers who would like additional one-on-one support with the CFAP application process. Please call 877508-8364 to speak directly with a USDA employee ready to offer assistance. Background on CFAP Coronavirus Food Assistance Program, or CFAP, uses funding and authorities provided in the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, the Families

First Coronavirus Response Act, and other USDA existing authorities. This $19 billion immediate relief program includes direct support to agricultural producers as well as the Farmers to Families Food Box Program. Eligible farmers and ranchers will receive one CFAP payment, drawn from two possible funding sources. The first source of funding is $9.5 billion in appropriated funding provided in the CARES Act and compensates farmers for losses due to price declines that occurred between mid-January 2020, and midApril 2020 and for specialty crops for product that was shipped and spoiled or unpaid product. The second funding source uses the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act to compensate producers for $6.5 billion in losses due to on-going market disruptions. More Information More information can be found at www.farmers.gov/cfap. This includes applications, program details specific to commodities, fact sheets, frequently asked questions & answers, and payment & application reports by state updated weekly.

NH Farm Service Agency County Office Phone Number Belknap/Hillsboro/Merrimack Carroll/Coos Cheshire/Sullivan Grafton Rockingham/Stafford State Office

223-6003 788-4651 756-2970 353-4650 679-1587 224-7941

USDA Approves New Hampshire to Accept SNAP Benefits Online U.S. Department of Agriculture


.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue announced on June 3rd approval of a request from New Hampshire to provide online purchasing of food to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) households. This approval will allow New Hampshire to expedite the implementation of online purchasing with currently authorized SNAP online retailers with a target start date to be announced at a later time. New Hampshire’s SNAP participation is more than 70,000 individuals, more than 36,000 households, and totals $93 million annually in federal benefits. This announcement further demonstrates President Trump’s whole of America approach to fighting the coronavirus pandemic by ensuring those affected are fed.

Background: SNAP online purchasing is currently operational in Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont,

Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. The authorized retailers working with all states are Amazon and Walmart. ShopRite is working with Maryland, New Jersey and New York, while Wrights Market is working with Alabama. USDA previously announced Connecticut, Indiana, Nevada, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Wyoming would also be implementing online purchasing in the near future. With these states, more than 90% of all households receiving SNAP will have access to online purchasing. Multiple stakeholders – notably, state agencies, their third-party processor, and any retailers that wish to participate – must work together to implement online purchasing using SNAP benefits. To ease the process, FNS put together a simplified template for states that want to operate online purchasing and provided guidance to interested retailers, which is available online. USDA continues to provide significant technical assistance to all interested stakeholders to ensure implementation plans are thorough

(Photo Credit: USDA)

and appropriate preliminary testing is conducted to avoid compromising the state’s entire benefit system. Each state, EBT processor, and retailer presents their own mix of challenges so FNS is providing customer service based on each of their specific needs. Until States are prepared to operate the pilot, USDA recommends utilizing other options that retailers may already provide, such as Pay at Pick-up (also known as “Click and Collect”), where SNAP cardholders can shop online and then pay for their purchase using their EBT card at pick-up. Grocery pickup is already an option that these retailers offer beyond SNAP so they are already

thinking through how they can provide a safe environment to do so with the growing concerns around social distancing. During these challenging times, FNS is working hand-in-hand with state program leadership, to provide support and guidance to adapt to the challenges of this public health emergency. FNS is granting states significant program flexibilities and contingencies to best serve program participants across our 15 nutrition assistance programs. For up to date information and to learn more about flexibilities being used in FNS nutrition programs, please visit the FNS website.

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The Communicator

July/August 2020

Egg-based Coating Preserves Fresh Produce RICE University

E By Deb Robie, Grafton County NHAITC Coordinator It All Started with a Flood... Several years ago there was a flood in our area here in Grafton County. We even made the news when pumpkins were seen floating down the Connecticut River. One group of local school kids were fearful that there would be no pumpkins for Halloween but also worried about the farmer that lost all that money from the sales of those pumpkins. I had done a few presentations in the school for Agriculture in the Classroom and the teacher and I were talking about the students concerns and perhaps their first realization of how agriculture and farmers relate to their everyday life. The teacher thought it would be a great opportunity to teach the students real world lessons about something that they were interested in. I was able to put together several lessons about all the different aspects of farming and how the pumpkins came to be floating down the river. Think about it. What was the loss going to cause for the farmer? How does weather play a role in how things grow? How do you grow pumpkins in the first place? Where were they going to get pumpkins now? Bottom line is, the students were impacted by this event and they learned something about how we all depend on agriculture. Fast forward to this crazy year and the opportunities it has given us in agriculture to help to continue that same handson learning. Recently that same teacher, who is now the Principal of our town’s school, contacted me to

ask if I could help her put together the supplies for a remote learning lesson she wanted to do with all of her students over April vacation. I had been sending her and all the schools I work with remote learning resources that Ag in the Classroom and other Ag related groups had put together. In an effort to continue educating the students about where their food comes from she wanted to have them try to grow their own plants at home and then report back on how it worked for them. In this particular lesson they made “plant people”. It may seem basic but the dialogue has to start somewhere. How does the food in the grocery store get there? Where did it all come from? How can I try to grow some of my own food? Is it realistic to think that I can grow all of the foods my family and I eat each day? Perhaps THE most important part of this lesson was to make them realize there are farmers out there and we should be extremely grateful for them. I am in the schools many times during the school year but I might not have had such an enthusiastic audience if it had not been for the temporary food shortages in the grocery stores caused by COVID-19 and the schools having to go virtual. The added benefit was that the parents at home helping with these lessons got to learn something right along with their kids. So as the new school year approaches and no one really knows what that is going to look like at the time this article was written, look for those opportunities to help your local teachers and students learn and appreciate all that farmers do for us.

Top left: A before photo of a ‘plant person’ made by Bella Duncan as part of Agriculture in the Classroom’s remote learning resources. Top right: Joslin Williams presents her ‘plant person’. Bottom left: Cooper Loud with his ‘plant dude’. Bottom right: Remi Drake shows off his ‘plant person’.

ggs that would otherwise be wasted can be used as the base of an inexpensive coating to protect fruits and vegetables, according to Rice University researchers. The Brown School of Engineering lab of materials scientist Pulickel Ajayan and colleagues have developed a micron-thick coating that solves problems both for the produce and its consumers, as well as for the environment. When the coating was applied to produce by spraying or dipping, it showed a remarkable ability to resist rotting for an extended period comparable to standard coatings like wax but without some of the inherent problems.

coating or has an egg allergy, they can easily eliminate it,” Jung said. Egg whites (aka albumen) and yolks account for nearly 70 percent of the coating. Most of the rest consists of nanoscale cellulose extracted from wood, which serves as a barrier to water and keeps produce from shriveling, a small amount of curcumin for its antimicrobial powers and a splash of glycerol to add elasticity. Lab tests on dip-coated strawberries, avocadoes, bananas and other fruit showed they maintained their freshness far longer than uncoated produce. Compression tests showed coated fruit were significantly stiffer and more firm than uncoated and demonstrated the coating’s ability

Eggs that would otherwise be wasted can be used as the base of an inexpensive coating to protect fruits and vegetables, according to Rice University researchers. The coating, developed at Rice University and made primarily with protein from eggs that would otherwise be wasted, can be used to extend the freshness of produce. (Photo Credit: Jeff Fitlow/Rice University)

The work by Rice undergraduate students Seohui (Sylvia) Jung and Yufei (Nancy) Cui is detailed in Advanced Materials. The coating relies on eggs that never reach the market. As the United States produces more than 7 billion eggs a year and manufacturers reject 3% of them, the researchers estimate more than 200 million eggs end up in landfills. Even before the impact of the new coronavirus, the world wasted a third of the food produced around the globe, the researchers wrote. “Reducing food shortages in ways that don’t involve genetic modification, inedible coatings or chemical additives is important for sustainable living,” Ajayan said. “The work is a remarkable combination of interdisciplinary efforts involving materials engineers, chemists and biotechnologists from multiple universities across the U.S.” Along with being edible, the multifunctional coating retards dehydration, provides antimicrobial protection and is largely impermeable both to water vapor to retard dehydration and to gas to prevent premature ripening. The coating is allnatural and washes off with water. “If anyone is sensitive to the

to keep water in the produce, slowing the ripening process. An analysis of freestanding films of the coating showed it to be extremely flexible and able to resist cracking, allowing better protection of the produce. Tests of the film’s tensile properties showed it to be just as tough as other products, including synthetic films used in produce packaging. Further tests proved the coating to be nontoxic, and solubility tests showed a thicker-than-usual film is washable. Rinsing in water for a couple of minutes can completely disintegrate it, Ajayan said. The researchers continue to refine the coating’s composition and are considering other source materials. “We chose egg proteins because there are lots of eggs wasted, but it doesn’t mean we can’t use others,” said cocorresponding author Muhammad Rahman, a research scientist in Ajayan’s Rice lab, who mentored and led the team. Jung noted the team is testing proteins that could be extracted from plants rather than animal produce to make coatings. Visit htt ps://news.rice.edu/2020/06/04/eggbased-coating-preserves-fresh-produce/ for more information

July/August 2020

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

Page 9

Happy Hogs From Farrow to Finish         


f you’re in the market for pasture raised pork and find yourself winding through the city of Keene, NH, be sure to head west on Park Avenue until you meet Arch Street. You may think you’ve gone the wrong way as you ride past residential and business districts, but I assure you there’s a hidden hog heaven that unfolds just as the suburbs fade to farmland. Mark and Alona Florenz moved to their Arch Street hideaway in 2014 to start Archway Farm, where they raise hogs and manage 80 acres of fields and woodlots. Previously farming at the homestead level, Mark was ready to expand his hopped-up hobby into a full-time job and the couple’s two young sons would also benefit from having someone at home at all times. While Alona continued her o-farm job at C & S Grocers, Mark dove head first into his new career. It’s apparent from the outset that Archway Farm believes quality meat comes from happy and healthy hogs. That’s one reason they decided to operate in a farrow-to-finish model; which means all of the pigs are born and raised here on the farm. The herd’s genetics, a mix of dierent heritage breeds like Berkshire, Tamworth, and Gloucestershire Old Spot, is less focused on packing on the pounds and more focused on breeding pigs that survive and thrive in their pastured setting. “My focus is more on getting pigs that do well in our environment,â€? Mark said. “We want pigs that are heathy and can thrive outside, because we feel that produces a better-quality meat.â€? Archway Farm runs a closed herd, meaning they have a few boars that live on the farm but don’t bring any live boars in from outside of the farm to breed sows. When they do need new genetics, they will use artificial insemination. While keeping a closed herd and breeding their own piglets certainly has biosecurity benefits, there are also some practical reasons for not relying on a third party. “For us, we got into having piglets because it’s hard to find a consistent reliable source for them year-round,â€? Mark explained. Archway Farm grows out their feeder pigs for approximately six months before sending to slaughter and has a steady rotation that allows them to have hogs processed every two weeks. With that type of volume, any disruption in piglet availability, or quality, could greatly impact the entire operation.

Feeder pigs play in a mud wallow inside their pasture at Archway Farm in Keene. Pigs can be more destructive to the land than cows or sheep and owner Mark Florenz says rotating pastures is important to manage nutrients and to provide time for renovation and care for the fields.

Part of the equation for growing healthy pigs is sustaining a strong habitat for them while they are out on pasture, something Mark is keenly aware of. Rotating his herds across 10 – 15 acres of open pasture, Mark explains the challenges of nutrient management and land renovation. “The pigs are primarily eating grain that we bring in,â€? he said, “You have to be sure you’re not bringing too many nutrients on and not taking enough nutrients o.â€? The pigs will eat a little bit of the vegetative ground cover, Mark said, but not enough to oset what they return to the land in the form of manure. So not allowing one piece of the pasture to become out of balance helps reduce runo. Rotating where the pigs roam also gives Mark time to maintain the land for optimal conditions. “The pigs can be destructive to the fields more so than cows or sheep would be,â€? he said while pointing out the muddy wallows and hard packed surfaces where a current herd resides. Those hogs are scheduled to head to the butcher in July, “And then we’ll take this section out of production, renovate it, put some seed down and not use it again until next year.â€? So why pigs? “They’re fun to work with,â€? Mark admitted, “but also from a pragmatic point of view, people like pork and they need a lot less space than cows.â€? To run the same amount of cattle as he does pigs, Mark would need ten times the acreage and a lot more equipment “We’re not having to put up hay or forage and the amount of pigs you can manage on the same land is just a lot higher.â€? While Archway Farm doesn’t have to put up the hay or forage that cattle would call for, they are constantly searching for ways to take more control over their feed supply. Recently, Mark purchased a grinder mixer and purchased a load of oats from Aroostook County Maine with the goal of eventually sourcing all of their component parts of the feed mix from within New England. He is currently looking for a source of grain corn in the region. This falls in line with Archway Farm’s philosophy of keeping things as local as possible, which they demonstrate by working with a vibrant agricultural community in the Monadnock region. Whether it’s featuring other farms’ products in their retail farm store or by working with the Monadnock Food Co-op, Archway Farm has found a welcoming and supportive environment to grow its business. One of the biggest challenges Mark sees as a producer is product marketing and access to consumer markets. While most livestock farmers in New Hampshire can’t reach the scale necessary to access traditional grocery store markets, shops like the Monadnock Food Co-Op have allowed small farms to test the wholesale waters. There has also been support for small farms to grow their business through the Co-Op’s Farm Fund, a grant opportunity for local farmers through a partnership with the Cheshire County Conservation District. Archway Farm was awarded one of these grants in 2017 to help install a walk-in freezer at its retail farm store. Not only has the new equipment

Mark Florenz stands at the entrance of Archway Farm’s retail farm store in Keene, NH. A Certified Animal Welfare Approved Farm and member of the New Hampshire Farm Bureau, Archway Farm has seen an increased demand in its local pork products during the COVID-19 pandemic.

allowed Archway Farm to expand their oerings and better maintain supply, but it has also benefitted other small farms who can now rent space in the freezer at a reasonable cost. “Most farms aren’t at the scale of needing a walk-in freezer and will run four or five chest freezers,â€? Mark explained. In times of high supply, the option of renting eďŹƒcient space to store product has allowed other small farms to benefit as well. With the increase in demand for local meat products that occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic, Archway Farm, like most local farms, has had to deal with a whole new set of problems. Increased retail traďŹƒc and keeping up with that demand have been two of the major issues Mark has b e e n managing of late, but things could be worse he said, “They’ve been good problems to have.â€?

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The Communicator

Celebrate NH Eats Local Month Throughout the month of August, New Hampshire Farm Bureau joins with 100+ partners throughout the state to highlight New Hampshire Eats Local Month -- a month-long celebration of local food and New Hampshire farmers and producers. “New Hampshire residents are showing unprecedented interest in local food, and this month-long celebration offers a great opportunity to feature New Hampshire grown foods and farms,” said Gail McWilliam Jellie from the New Hampshire Department of Agriculture, Markets & Food.

Why is this message especially important now? While recent public health concerns over COVID-19 have certainly been challenging, there is also potential for communities to come together in positive ways. Many producers have experienced a surge in demand for local food. We’d like to carry that momentum forward throughout NH Eats Local Month and the rest of the year. “New Hampshire’s food producers are continuing their hard work to provide us with fresh, healthy food,” said New Hampshire Farm Bureau President Denis Ward. “And we can

show our appreciation by supporting them during NH Eats Local Month and beyond.” Buying local food means supporting your friends, your neighbors, and your state. It also provides an opportunity to connect with your local farmers and learn more about how much care goes in to growing, raising, harvesting, and producing your favorite foods. New Hampshire Eat Local Month is a statewide celebration of farmers and local food producers throughout the month of August. Promotion of this year’s NH Eat Local Month is in collaboration with the Hampshire Department of Agriculture, Markets & Food, Monadnock Buy Local and


1,300 Acres




New Hampshire farmers planted 1,300 acres of sweet corn in 2018. They harvested 1,200 acres with a yield of 68 cwt/acre. wt/acre.

New Hampshire farmers grew gr 960,000 dozen ears of sweet corn in 2018. That’s over 11.5 million ears of corn!

New Hampshire farmers’ sweet corn production valued at oduction was valu $4,080,000 growing 00 for the 2018 gro season.

*Data from United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service New England Field Office: New England Agricultural Statistics Report, 2018

NH’s Own Wonder Pepper Billy Hepler, dubbed “America’s Youngest Seed Grower,” released his first seed catalog in 1947. His father, J.R. Hepler, was a professor and plant breeder at the University of New Hampshire and encouraged his son to start growing and marketing heirloom seed varieties. The elder Hepler is said to have coined the term heirloom seeds as he began collecting bean seeds in the 1930s. Much in the same way a family might pass down jewelry or trinkets, Bill Hepler explained that his father, “Started using the

term heirloom varieties with respect to the beans in the late 30’s because these varieties were indeed family treasures.” Another treasure that J.R. Hepler developed during his time at UNH was the ‘Merrimack Wonder’ pepper. Marketed for its 60-day growth cycle and performance in colder climates like northern New England, ‘Merrimack Wonder’ was one of the 21 seed varieties of 8 different vegetables listed in Billy Heplers first catalog.

July/August 2020

Seacoast Eat Local. Find more information at www.nheatslocal.org and www.facebook. com/nheatslocal.

Right now, farmers, fishermen, and businesses across NH are banding together to bring you a greater variety, quantity, and quality of local food. When you buy local food, you’re supporting these efforts and helping your friends, neighbors, and state. You’re also helping to ensure a brighter future. Now is the time to know your farmer and start eating local!

Buying local food keeps our rural landscapes healthy, our communities strong, and our economy growing. We’d love to see how you eat local! Don’t be shy use the hashtag #NHEatsLocal to share with us why you think local food supplies are vital to the Granite State. In New Hampshire, we’re all working together to keep food on the table. A strong local food economy is one of the best ways we can stay resilient to any challenge that comes. We’re proud to support our state’s food producers by buying local and hope you’ll do the same!

A 2019 article in The Valley News by Sarah Earle titled, “Danbury couple brings Merrimack Wonder Pepper back to life,” tells the tale of how Tom Curren and his wife Kathy Neustadt are trying to bring the ‘Merrimack Wonder’ pepper back from obscurity since it essentially disappeared in 1982 after the dissolution of the Merrimack Farmers’ Exchange. Earle explains how Curren and Neustadt tracked down some seed through a Pennsylvania seed collector and set in motion a plan to propagate more pepper plants.

Utilizing their network of friends in the Danbury Grows gardening group, Curren and Neustadt spread seeds and plants around, “With strict instructions about nurturing them in isolation so that they don’t crossbreed with other peppers,” Earle wrote. Danbury Grows began offering the ‘Merrimack Wonder’ pepper seed for sale in March of 2019 and can be found on the Grassroots Seed Network website at https://grassrootsseed-net work.sharet ribe.com/en/ l i s t i n g s / 7 24 4 31- m e r r i m a c kwonder-pepper

July/August 2020

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Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

How Does Irrigation Protect Strawberry Plants From Frost? The sweet taste of strawberries is a sure sign of Summer here in New Hampshire. Whether you are out in a patch picking your own or stopping by the farm stand to stock up, Granite Staters should be excited to know that NH farmers produce nearly 6,000 pounds per acre of the bulbous red berry each year. Before you get to make a strawberry rhubarb pie or cap off a summer barbeque with some strawberry shortcake, farmers have to navigate Strawberry plants at Ross View Farm in Concord appear frozen to the naked eye, but are actually being protected from frost through thermodynamic principles. (Photo credit: Don Ross)

a natural Northeast challenge: early frost. Pam Fisher and Rebecca Shortt of the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture Food and Rural Affairs explain the situation like this, “There’s nothing colder than a strawberry field on a frosty spring night. Strawberry plants bravely bloom in early spring, often before the last frost. The blooms are close to the ground, and the ground, covered with straw, doesn’t provide much heat. That’s why many strawberry growers pull a few all-nighters each spring to run the irrigation system and use a thermodynamic principle to protect their crop from frost injury.” When water molecules change state, from a gas to a liquid and from a liquid to ice, heat is released. Essentially what is happening is that the potential energy in water is being released as heat as the water cools and turns to ice. The water doesn’t heat up, the object around it does. Given that the ambient temperature of the air doesn’t dip too low, running irrigation on strawberry plants in the face of a frost can keep the

plants and blossoms hovering at 30 - 32 degrees Fahrenheit. Don Ross of Ross View Farm in Concord explained, “If I can keep the plants and flowers around 30 degrees Fahrenheit, they’ll be okay because they can tolerate down to 28 degrees. But there is no room for error.” An important measurement to be aware of while implementing irrigation as frost control is the dew point, the temperature at which air condenses to form dew. The lower the dew point, the higher the temperature you will need to start irrigating, according to Fisher and Shortt. There is no shortage of resources for farmers to find more technical information on irrigation as frost control and many authors have written detailed analyses on how to determine when you may need to employ this technique. I won’t claim to be an expert on the science behind the practice, but I am sure glad that farmers in New Hampshire spend sleepless nights protecting their precious plants from frost so that consumers can enjoy the fruits of their labors.

UNH Kiwiberry Team Boosts Commercial Production with First Plant Verification Effort NH Agricultural Experiment Station One of the main barriers to commercial kiwiberry production for regional growers is knowing which varieties available from commercial nurseries are the most ideal to grow in the region. Now for the first time, growers can source commercially grown kiwiberry plants that have been genetically verified as being recommended to grow in New England by researchers with the New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station at the University of New Hampshire. Plant breeder Iago Hale, associate professor of specialty crop improvement and director of the UNH Kiwiberry Research and Breeding Program, and his team partnered with Hartmann’s Plant Company of Lacota, Michigan, to genetically fingerprint the company’s kiwiberry inventory in an effort to certify the identity of varieties that Hale and his team have recommended for growing in New England. Hartmann’s provided leaf samples of its inventory, which Hale sequenced and analyzed using a bioinformatics pipeline developed in his program. Among the regionally recommended fruiting varieties available from Hartmann’s are Geneva 3 and Ananasnaya. Also available is a male pollinizer known as Meader Male, named after UNH botanist and longtime experiment station researcher Elwyn Meader, who developed the variety in the 1970s. Although Meader worked on kiwiberry for only a short period of time, Meader Male remains one of the best performing male kiwiberry cultivars offered by nurseries today. Complementing the flowering time of Meader Male are three other recommended male varieties, namely 74-46, 74-52, and Opitz Male. “Sourcing reliable plant material, especially in large

Green Beans Share Benefits By Ruth Mann

Among the regionally recommended fruiting varieties available from Hartmann’s is Geneva 3, shown above. (Photo Credit: UNH).

quantities and at a reasonable cost, is currently one of the main barriers for regional growers wishing to produce kiwiberries at a commercial scale,” said Hale, a leading expert in kiwiberry production. “We are very happy to be able to direct commercial producers to Hartmann’s for sourcing these verified cultivars.” The kiwiberry is a grapesized relative of the common fuzzy supermarket kiwi, but with a smooth skin and a sweet tropical taste. The plant can be grown in colder climates and has recently been increasing in popularity but is not yet a widely commercially grown berry. In 2013, Hale established the Kiwiberry Research and Breeding Program at the NH Agricultural Experiment Station’s Woodman Horticultural Research Farm. The goal of the breeding program is to provide the systematic investment needed to develop the kiwiberry into a novel, high-value crop, moving the species out of backyard gardens and into commercial production. The kiwiberry (Actinidia arguta) was originally introduced to the U.S. in 1876. Since that time, a great many varieties have come in and out of circulation, with

frequent exchange happening among nurseries, private individuals, and the USDA. Research out of Hale’s program showed that this long history of exchange resulted in widespread misidentification, inconsistency, and mis-labeling throughout the industry. Until very recently, this situation has presented a fundamental obstacle to the development of a commercial kiwiberry sector because prospective producers could not be confident about the identities of the vines they were purchasing. To address this issue, one of the first research objectives achieved by the UNH Kiwiberry Research and Breeding Program was the genetic de-convolution of the North American collection of varieties. This work was the first step toward standardizing variety names in an attempt to build confidence among producers faced with the sheer expense of vineyard establishment and the significant variation among varieties in important traits like flowering time, yield, and berry quality.

Green beans are one of the easiest vegetables to grow in your garden, are generally popular, easy to prepare and pack a lot of nutrition in a no-waste package. One cup of fresh, frozen or canned beans has only 31 calories, 3% of your daily protein requirement, 2% carbohydrate and almost no fat. Benefi ts include Vit. C – 27%, Vit. B-6 – 5%, Vit. A – 2%, calcium – 3%, magnesium – 6%, potassium – 5% and fi ber – 13%. They can be planted up to midsummer and you can start picking in 50 days. Here is a quick recipe that will not keep you in the hot kitchen: 1 ½ lbs. green beans 3 Tbs. butter 1 tsp. olive oil or more 1 or 2 green onions, cut up 2 cloves garlic, peeled and cut up Lemon zest (opt.) Blanch the beans in boiling water to cover for 2-3 minutes. Plunge into ice water a few minutes. Drain. Saute the green onions and garlic in butter and oil in a pan large enough to hold the beans and all. Add beans and continue sautéing till desired doneness. Sprinkle with lemon zest and serve hot. Use a mix of green, yellow wax and Roma beans for variety. If you have a few cherry tomatoes, quarter them and add to the pan toward the end of cooking.

The Communicator

Page 12

Local Meat Producer List

Cheshire County Archway Farm - Keene Mark Florenz - 352-3198 mark.florenz@gmail.com http://www.archway.farm/ Pasture raised heritage pork; whole, half, or individual cuts. See our website for details.

East Hill Farm - Troy

Belknap County Beans

Greens Farm - Gilford

Andrew Howe - 293-2853 beansandgreensfarm@msn.com www.beansandgreensfarm.com Grass fed beef, GMO free pork, chicken, turkey.

Half a Penny Farm - Ctr. Barnstead Shane & Jenn Forest 603-345-5277 or 603-591-2910 www.halfapennyfarm.com We carry pasture raised black angus beef. USDA Certified. Cryovac packaging. Individual assorted cuts of beef. Whole, Half and Quarter shares available. Check us out on Facebook and Instagram.

Birch Rise Farm - Sanbornton Kate Osgood - 259-6660 birchrisefarm@gmail.com www.birchrisefarm.com Pasture raised Berkshire pork by the cuts, halves, or wholes and poultry by the cuts or wholes. Pasture raised eggs. Like us on Facebook!

Hammer Down Farm - Gilmanton Alicia & Ryan Smith - 387-3448 hdfarmllc@yahoo.com Locally and naturally raised beef by the cuts, halves and wholes. Pork by the cuts, halves and wholes. Raw milk and butter from our jerseys. Like us on Facebook!

HT Farm LLC - Belmont Tim Duval - 630-5505 tcbw275@gmail.com Find us on Facebook at HT Farm LLC. Gras fed, farm-raised, USDA beef. Produce and maple syrup.

Dave Adams - 242-6495 info@east-hill-farm.com Whole, half, or individual cuts available of pork, beef, lamb and goat.

Earth Haven Farm - Marlborough Mary & George Iselin - 876-4036 earthhavenfarm.com USDA labeled pkg hamburger, roasts, steaks at our farm store or 1/4, 1/2, or whole for cuts to customer specifications.

JHF Stable

Livestock - Alstead

John & Hazell Fuller - 835-6509 USDA vacuumed packed Beefalo and grass fed on the farm in Alstead.

Mad Brook Farm - Alstead

Amy & Brian Matarozzo - 235-5780 lorrenjoycefarm.com Naturally raised beef. USDA approved. All cryovac packaging.

Shepherd’s Hut Market - Gilford Jeff & Joyce Keyser - 527-1873 or 393-4696 or jekeyser@metrocast.net Certified USDA freezer lamb. Various cuts fresh frozen and vacuum sealed.

Wooded Valley Acres - Gilmanton IW Elizabeth and Cory Bower - 393-1083Woodedvalleyacres@gmail.com Pasture raised pork, free range chicken and duck eggs, free range turkey, free range rabbit.

Carroll County Mountain Laurel Farm - Sanbornville Robert Bevard - 986 - 8480 rbbevard@yahoo.com USDA Labels, homegrown, pasture raised pork, lamb, and chevon.

Remick Country Doctor Museum Farm - Tamworth Sheena Harte - 323-7591 sharte@remickmuseum.org Farm-rasied ground beef, breakfast and sweet Italian sausage.

Run Away Farm - Ossipee Dave Babson - 539-4928 davbab@worldpath.net Naturally raised beef. Fed grain, hay and grass only.

Top of the Hill Farm - Wolfeboro Alan Fredrickson - 569-3137 topofthehillfarm@metrocast.net Beef - pasture exposed and all natural by the piece, 1/4, 1/2 or whole.

Yankee Farmers’ Market - Warner

Lora Goss - 481-0017 Our Herefords and Red Devons were carefully selected for the efficient conversion of natural grasses and legumes into a better beef. Our beef is 100% grass fed & finished yielding a nutrient dense meat that is both tender and delicious. Please call for more info or for a visit!

Brian & Keira Farmer - 456-2833 yankeefarmersmarket.com Offering farm raised, all natural certified USDA buffalo, venison, elk, grass fed beef, lamb, chicken, turkey and pork. Our farm has an on farm store open year round, distributes to retail and wholesale acounts, offering a wide variety of individual cuts.

Hillsboro County Barrett Hill Farm - Mason The LeClairs - 878-4022 barretthill@myfairpoint.net or visit our website barrethillfarm.com Beef, pork and lamb.

Butternut Farm/Milford Goat Dairy - Milford Noreen O’Connell - 732-2654 noreenoc@comcast.net or visit our website butternutfarmmilford.com USDA Processed goat. Various cuts and sausage. Flash frozen and vacuum sealed. Raw goat milk and cheeses.

Kinney’s Farm - Brookline Travis & Marcalyn Kinney - 673-5956 kinneysfarm@yahoo.com Selling our own naturally raised grass fed beef, pork, poultry and fresh eggs at our farm stand. Check us out on Facebook for all our products and hours. Open year round.

Manning Hill Farm - Winchester

Paradise Farm - Lyndeborough

Coos County CJEJ Farm Meat House - Columbia Chris & Joyce Brady - 922-3305 USDA inspected cuts of beef, pork, lamb, and chevon. Chicken (whole and parts) and Thanksgiving turkeys also available. All grown on our farm with our own homemade grain. Store open year round.

French Hill Farm – Milan LorrenJoyce Farm - Barnstead

StoneFen Farm, llc - Haverhill

Tom Hancock - 835-6526 madbrookfarmllc@gmail.com www.madbrookfarmllc.com Meat rabbits, breeding stock, & meat. Cross between NZ, Satin, Creme d’Argent, Calif, Flemish, Silver Fox. Sarah Costa - 239-4397 Grass fed heritage beef, pasture raised heritage pork, by the individual cut or in bulk-half and whole sides. Pasture rasied whole roasting chickens.

Jason Huter - 603-326-9778 jasonhuter@gmail.com Whole frozen chicken, duck, and rabbit. Beef and pork on the hoof.

Northwinds Farm – N. Stratford Scott & Heidi Mason - 922-8377 northwindsfarm1@yahoo.com USDA inspected, vacuum packed beef, lamb and veal. Sold by the side or cut. Also available through the Barn Store of New England in Salisbury, NH.

Grafton County Bonnie Brae Farms - Plymouth Henry Ahern - 536-3880 bonniebraefarms.com Farm-raised Red Deer venison, velvet antler, hard antler and hides. Also breeding stock. The deer are primarily grass and hay fed. USDA inspected.

Field Acres Farms - Canaan Tim and Lynn Braley - 523-4943 fieldacresfarm@earthlink.net Farm raised Beef by the individual cut and Pasture Raised Heritage Pork by the individual cut or by the 1/2 or whole pig. All individual cuts of beef and pork are USDA processed and fresh frozen with vacuum seal. We also sell free range chicken eggs.

Rocky Road Tunis Farm - Bath Deb Robie - 747-3869 wehunt4@myfairpoint.net Local Lamb. Slow Grown Farm - Plymouth Jean Poulin - 412-2133 We have various cuts of Scottish Highland beef. USDA cut, shrink wrapped, and frozen. Fresh eggs are available daily, as is our goat’s milk soap.

July/August 2020

Wayne & Adrienne Colsia - 345-0860 wayne@paradisefarmnh.com www.paradisefarmnh.com 100% grass-fed beef, grass-fed lamb, pasture raised pork, free-range eggs, all natural goat milk.

Rockingham County Great Bay Farm - Greenland Allen Smith - 969-9948 greatbayfarm@gmail.com Various Cuts USDA inspected frozen beef.

J F Farms Inc. - Derry Melissa Dolloff - 437-0535 farmstand@JFfarms.com All cuts of frozen beef.

Mandico Farm Cattle Co. - Nottingham Conrad & Kathy Mandsager - 770-1948 cmandsager@gmail.com Farm-raised, Grass fed Highland natural beef.

Strafford County Coppal House Farm - Lee John & Carol Hutton - 659-3572 coppalhouse@comcast.net USDA certified pasture raised lamb and pork products. All cuts are flash frozen and vacuum sealed. Various cuts available at the farm stand, but special requests are filled when available.

Diamond B Farm - New Durham

Butch Leel - 562-0860 bleel@comcast.net Pasture Raised Beef.

Meghan Bickford - 762-0190 or diamondbfarm14@gmail.com All natural, pasture raised beef, pork, chicken, turkey and eggs. Visit our website at http://www.bickfordsdiamondbfarm.com for more information.

Temple Mountain Beef - Temple

His Harvest Farm - Madbury

Mark Salisbury - 878-4290 Beef by the side – cut and packaged to order.

Bruce Smith - 603-834-5012 farmer.hisharvestfarm@gmail.com hisharvestfarm.com Pasture raised chickens and eggs.

Leel Farm – New Ipswich

Trombly Gardens - Milford Sean Trombly - 673-4725 Beef, pork, lamb and chicken.

Merrimack County Bokaja - Webster 648-2520 or 470-6276 Local turkeys - various sizes.

Elior Acres, LLC - Bradford Denise Renk - 938-2771 info@EliorAcres.com EliorAcres.com USDA heritage pork and goat. Heritage Chocolate Turkey, Rouen Duck, and Buckeye Chicken.

Miles Smith Farm - Loudon Bruce Dawson or Carole Soule 783-5159 Locally raised beef in retail packages with USDA labels.

Off A Bit Farm LLC - Danbury Laura Kilkenny - 530-2496 offabitfarm@yahoo.com We are a small family farm offering naturally raised, USDA processed and packaged goat meat. We also sell rabbit meat, eggs, raw goat milk and raw goat milk yogurt. See our website: www.offabitfarm.com for all our offerings. Like us on Facebook!

Schroeder Farm - South Newbury Bill Schroeder - 938-5911 bangus@tds.net Black Angus beef by the side or individual cuts. USDA inspected, all grass fed. Roaster Chickens 10-12 pounds, all natural grain fed.

Pinewoods Yankee Farm - Lee Tina Fottler & Erick Sawtelle 659-8106 or esawtelles@aol.com Grass fed beef. Belted Galloway and Angus crosses. Individual retail cuts and custom cut sides. Find us on Local Harvest and Facebook.

Sullivan County Beaver Pond Farm - Newport Bennie Nelson - 542-7339 beaverpondfarm1780@gmail.com tinyurl.com/bpondfarm Raising beef and lamb. For sale at our retail store on the John Stark Highway between Newport & Claremont. Open year ‘round.

Eccardt Farm Inc. - Washington George, Sandy & Ryan Eccard 495-3830 or Eccardtfarm@gsinet.net Our home grown grass fed, USDA certified beef. We have an array of steak cuts and roasts all vacuum packed for longer freshness. Lamb & pork when available.

Far View Farm - Langdon Marilyn Stuller - 313-7115 m.stuller@yahoo.com Lamb - naturally raised on pasture. Icelandic lamb is naturally lean with a mild flavor.

Stone Farm - Cornish Charlie Stone - 469-3559 5cstone@comcast.net USDA inspected. Vacuum wrapped. Seasonal turkeys. Fresh eggs. Saturday farm stand May-October 9-12.

July/August 2020

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

Page 13

NH Grown Fruits & Veggies Belknap County Still Seeking Farm 317 Loon Pond Rd, Gilmanton 267-5326 ssfarmllc@yahoo.com stillseekingfarmllc.com Nutrient dense vegetables, blueberries and much more! Stop by the Laconia Farmers’ Market on Saturdays, or at our Farm Stand.

Carroll County Bly Farm 620 Center St. Route 28, Wolfeboro 569-1411 blyfarm@comcast.net Stop by the farm stand for fresh tomatoes, cucumbers, beans, zucchini, summer squash, lettuce, beets, peppers, carrots, eggplant, swisschard, onions, winter squash, pumpkins, potatoes, stawberries, and blueberries.

Sherman Farm 2679 East Conway Road Center Conway, NH 03813 939-2412 mhdutton@shermanfarmnh.com shermanfarmnh.com Visit us at our farm stand.

Spider Web Gardens 252 Middle Rd, Tuftonboro 569-5056 spiderwebgardens@ne.twcbc.com spiderwebgardens.com Wide variety of vegetables, berries and apples. Visit the farm stand!

Whispering Pines Farm 78 School Street Effingham, NH 603-662-2678 whisperingpinesnh@gmail.com Visit us at our farm stand.

Cheshire County Whittaker’s Homestead Greenhouses 236 Forest Road, Alstead whittakershomestead@gmail.com Produce can be purchased at the farm stand during our normal season AprilOct as well as at our booth at the Keene Farmers’ Market.

Hillsboro County Brookdale Fruit Farm Inc. 38 Broad Street, Hollis 465-2240 brookdalefruitfarm@yahoo.com brookdalefruitfarm.com Strawberries, cherries, blueberries, raspberries, peaches, nectarines, plums, apples, peas, cucumbers, pickles, green beans, wax beans, shell beans, summer squash, zucchini, sweet corn, peppers, tomatoes, heirloom tomatoes, pumpkins, sugar pumpkins, various winter squashes, apple cider, and other specialty vegetables. Produce can be purchased at our farm stand and various Hanniford and Shaws supermarkets throughout the state, and other farm stands within the state.

Butternut Farm-Milford

Spring Ledge Farm

Saltbox Farm

483 Federal Hill Rd, Milford 673-2963 tocnoc@comcast.net butternutfarmmilford.com For a fresh variety of produce and flowers visit us at the farm stand or at the Bedford, Milford and Nashua Farmers’ Markets.

37 Main Street New London, NH 03257 603-526-6253 greg@springledgefarm.com Springledgefarm.com

Route 33, 321 Portsmouth Ave. Stratham 436-7978

Currier Orchards 9 Peaslee Rd, Merrimack 881-8864 currierorchards@yahoo.com Visit our farm stand. U-pick apples and pumpkins PLUS apple cider, jams, jellies, vegetables, pickles, apple pies, pumpkin bread and peaches.

McLeod Bros. Orchards 749 North River Rd, Milford 673-3544 mcleodorchards@gmail.com www.mcleodorchards.com A large variety of spring and summer vegetables, apples, pumpkins, squash and fall ornaments are available. Visit our farm stand from September 1 to late October or at the Bedford Farmers’ Market.

Oasis Springs Farm 79 Groton Road, Nashua 603-930-1294 sarah@oasisspringsfarm.com Oasisspringsfarm.com Year round Hydroponic Grown Lettuces, Kale, Chard, Herbs and Microgreens. CSA pick ups in Southern, NH

Merrimack County Autumnview Farm 1010 Upper City Rd, Pittsfield 435-5503 autumnviewfarm@hotmail.com An assortment of vegetables, such as corn, green beans, zucchini, many squash varieties, peppers, tomatoes, eggplant and much more! Fruit includes, strawberries, peaches, rhubarb and cantaloupe. Autumnview Farm items are also available at Hannafords and Shaws.

Highland Lake Apple Farm 50 Maple Street, East Andover (603) 735-5058

LaValley Farms 1801 Hooksett Rd, Hooksett 485-3541 info@lavalleyfarms.com www.lavalleyfarms.com We grow and sell sweet corn, tomatoes, cucumbers, squash, lettuce, beans, greens, pumpkins, bedding plants and more! Open from April to December.


Blueberries, raspberries and flowers.

Two Sisters’ Garlic of Clough Scamman Farm Tavern Farm 23 Clough Tavern Rd, Canterbury, 603-783-4287 / 731-5574 twosistersgarlic@yahoo.com GARLIC - scapes, garlic scape pesto, bulbs green and cured, dried garlic spice blends Find our products at the farm stand, Golden Harvest in Hooksett, Concord Farmers’ Market (Wed & Sat) also at the Canterbury Country Store and Harmens in Sugar Hill. We also have P.Y.O Raspberries.

Windswept Maples 845 Loudon Ridge Rd Loudon, NH 03307 603-267-8492 wmfmoore1@comcast.net windsweptmaples.com Year-round maple syrup & maple products. Sweet corn, tomatoes, squash, pumpkins, green beans, potatoes, cucumbers available when in season. Ornamentals, corn stocks, haybales, mini pumpkins available during the harvest season. Visit the farm stand from late June to Labor Day. Weekdays - 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. Weekends - 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. The farm stand is open year-round on Saturdays - 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.

Rockingham County Heron Pond Farm 29 Main Ave, South Hampton 603-394-0129 andre@heronpondfarm.com Heron Pond Farm is a four season farm that grows over 250 varieties of vegetables, fruits, herbs, and flowers. Farming year-round has allowed us to grow and maintain an incredibly skilled and experienced staff whose passion brings higher yields, quality and flavor to our food all year long.

J F Farms 124 Chester Road, Derry 437-0535 jandffarms@gmail.com jandffarms.net Visit our farm stand for a wide variety of fruits and veggies!

Oliver Merrill

69 Portsmouth Ave, Stratham 686-1258 scamman_farm@comcast.net scammanfarm.com Farm stand open September and October for pumpkins and corn maze. Also at Statham Farmers market on Saturdays.

Sunnycrest 59 High Range Rd, Londonderry 432-9652 sunnycrestfarmnh.com Family owned and operated apple farm with pick-your-own apples, strawberries, blueberries and cherries, as well as a market with fresh local vegetable & fruits and honey, syrup and milk. We also have a bakery that offers apple donuts and home-made breads.

Strafford County Butternut Farm 195 Meaderboro Rd, Farmington 603-335-4705 butternutfarm.net/home

Sullivan County Beaver Pond Farm 50 McDonough Road, Newport (603) 543-1107 beaverpondfarm1780@gmail.com tinyurl.com/bpondfarm Beaver Pond Farm retail store, John Stark Highway between Newport & Claremont. Open year ‘round. Our own beef, lamb, vegetables, berries, apples, cider, Christmas trees, pumpkins, handmade wreaths, THE BEST homemade pie and jam, maple syrup and PYO raspberries at the farm in July. Localmade and produced products as well. We also wholesale to Shaws and Grazi’s in Newport and Jiffy Mart in Claremont.

Cutting Farm 266 Sanborn Hill Rd, W. Springfield cuttingfarm.com A wide variety of fruits & veggies and much more!


569 Mammoth Rd, Londonderry 622-6636 Merrillfarmsnh@gmail.com Facebook.com/olivermerrillandsons Visit us at our farm stand and find our eggs, apples, peaches, pears and vegetables at various gocery stores in Manchester, Derry and Londonderry.

Local Meat Producer and Fruit & Veggie Listings Another Farm Bureau benefit! List your farm online at nhfarmbureau.org

The Communicator

Page 14

July/August 2020

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Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

July/August 2020

Page 15

The National Food Supply Chain Carousel Spins On By Josh Marshall, NHFB Communications Director


s countries grow in population and develop from subsistence agriculture to more modern agricultural systems, the food chain from producer to consumer also grows in complexity. When a greater percentage of citizens in the United State were involved in agriculture, more individuals had connections to the food they consumed. According to USDA data, farmers made up nearly 40% of the workforce in 1900 versus less than 2% today. As our percentage of folks involved in farming has gone down, the knowledge of just how the foods that feed our families get from the farm to our table appears to have been lost. There are some common misconceptions farmers hear about the food system like chocolate milk comes from brown cows or that food, “comes from the grocery store.” This can be upsetting for hard-working farmers and ranchers to hear, knowing how absurd those fallacies sound, but it is important for us to take the time to educate the public. Sonny Purdue, Secretary of U.S. Department of Agriculture, addressed the topic of the national food supply chain in a recent edition of his podcast ‘The Sonny Side of the Farm.’ Using North Carolina hog farmer David Herring as an example, Purdue explored three distinct sectors – producers, processors, and retailers, to explain how efficient, synchronized, and time-dependent our current national food supply chain is.

complexity and interconnectedness to the system. Herring said this system is like a carousel, “We birth pigs every day and we sell pigs every day.” This means that any interruption in the system can have dramatic results. We saw just such a disruption during the COVID-19 pandemic. Several large meat processing plants across the country had COVID-19 outbreaks amongst employees which threw a wrench in the highly synchronized gears of the supply chain. In order to sustain the efficiency of our national food chain, farmers and processors engage in what Purdue described as the ballet of a ‘just-in-time’ system. Herring has to ship animals for processing on or near an exact schedule because new stock is on the way. When one link in the chain is disrupted, the entire carousel can stop moving. Farmers at that scale also don’t have the ability to just keep growing out their hogs even if they had more space on the farm. Specifications at processing plants can also be a limiting factor. Essentially, the more uniform the animal the more efficient the processing; and the more efficient the processing the more cost savings there are for processors and consumers. Retailers rely on the ballet of the food supply chain too. Purdue spoke to Vivek Sankaran, CEO of national grocery chain Albertsons, who suggested this may be an opportunity to identify problems in the current supply chain and reinforce retailers’

Producing the volume of food consumed by Americans at an affordable price point while maintining profits is no easy task. At certain economies of scale, the national food supply chain accomplishes this through ultra efficient growing and processing of agricultural products. The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the national meat supply chain, which North Carolina hog farmer, David Herring, describes as a carousel. In regions like New Hampshire, with robust direct-to-consumer markets, small farms picked up the slack. (Photo Credit: Mark Turnaukas, creative commons)

become part of a new shopping pattern allowing retailers to adapt. It’s not just meat that rides the supply chain carousel. All food production relies on cooperation and efficiency in the national food supply chain. It starts with inputs the farmer purchases and moves along through crop production. At the national level, the crop then moves to processing, distribution, marketing, and finally consumption. But there are different models at different scales and in different regions. Here in New Hampshire we benefit from a robust direct-toconsumer market. Shortening the supply chain connects consumers with those who are actually producing the food and creates an opportunity for education. It allows farmers to be more flexible and responsive in

practice too. New Hampshire farmers benefited from the farm stand and farmers’ markets infrastructure already in place as concerns grew over COVID-19. Consumers looking to avoid crowds and support their local communities have shown that there is room for all of the different supply chain models. America has the most abundant and affordable food supply on the planet and getting that food to consumers happens in many ways. There are certainly improvements that can be made throughout the system (especially in getting more of the money consumers spend on food back to the farmer). However, the efficiency of the national food supply chain typically means lower costs and consumer demand ultimately keeps the lights of the carousel spinning.


Farm Inputs

Production Agriculture Although regional food supply chains can look more like agriculture in New Hampshire, with lots of direct to consumer sales and farms that raise their animals from birth to processing, the reality is a bit more intricate at a national scale. In order to provide enough food for 328 million citizens here in the U.S., farmers have found efficiency and profitability through specialization. Herring and his family produce 700,000 hogs for market each year but they have two distinct farms to make this happen. One facility is a sowing farm, where sows are bred and rear piglets who, as Herring says, “remain with momma,” for three weeks until they are ready for the next step in the chain - the finishing farm. Here the hogs are raised for another 160 – 170 days until they are ready for market. Each step of the way Herring, and farmers like him, utilize farm inputs like feed, fertilizer, equipment, and fuel. Those industries have been specialized as well, adding more

ability to maintain food on the shelves during times of panic-buying. The recent problems facing retail shelves were not due to a lack of product in the pipeline, it was a problem of logistics. Before the public health crisis, about half of all consumer food consumption happened outside of the home according to Sankaran. Since restaurants and other institutions were shut down or reduced in capacity, consumer demand shifted back to grocery stores. Albertsons is used to moving resources and adding capacity to their stores in times of hurricanes or snow storms Sankaran explained, but the pandemic was not isolated to one area of the country. Increasing supply to one region of the country is relatively easy; increasing the supply to the entire country at the same time proved to be a problem. The good news is that while demand for certain items has increased dramatically, those increases have

Home Consumption

Retail Markets

Grocery Store Sales in NH Percentage of total grocery store sales by product line Beer & Ale - 3.0% Softdrinks & Non-Alcoholic Beverages - 4.8% Candy & Prepackaged Snack Foods - 3.2% Dairy - 12.1% Deli Items - 4.7% Fish & Seafood - .08% Frozen Foods - 3.3% Meat - 12.5% Prescriptions - 2.8% Produce - 9.9%

*Data from United States Census Bureau

The Communicator

Page 16

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Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

July/August 2020

#FarmingTogether: Farmers Support Farmers During Tough Times By Emma Joyce, UNH Extension


NH Extension is collaborating with the American Farm Bureau and the New Hampshire Farm Bureau to generate awareness around mental health issues and provide support to farmers. The COVID-19 pandemic has placed increased stress upon the agricultural community. Farmers must navigate new health protocols and adapt to a changing economic landscape while experiencing greater isolation, due to social distancing. Where can farmers turn to for help? Each other. In a new campaign called Farming Together (using the hashtag #FarmingTogether on social media), UNH Extension and the Farm Bureau are encouraging farmers to connect with one another during these challenging times. Josh Marshall, communications director for the NH Farm Bureau, said, “Farming is a stressful job in the best of times, but our greatest allies in mitigating that stress are our fellow farmers. We’re challenging farmers to pick up the phone and check in on one of their peers. A simple, ‘How are you doing?’ is a great way to be there for your farming friends and to show that we are all farming together.” These are some of the ways that we can help farmers maintain positive mental health.

1. Identify Sources of Stress The Farm Bureau explains that stress can manifest itself in physical ways. Signs of increased stress can be insomnia, tension, irritability and fatigue. Stress can also lead to behavioral changes such as disruptions to routines, a decline in care of livestock, increased farm accidents and withdrawal from regular activities. Olivia Saunders, Extension field specialist in fruit and vegetable production, explained the unique relationship farmers have with their jobs: “Farming becomes your identity; it’s everything you are. It’s your work, it’s your home, it’s your whole life. The feeling of ‘what if I fail after this being in my family for generations?’ can be a heavy burden.” Saunders has put together important tips for farmers coping with stress.

2. Remove Stigmas American Farm Bureau President Zippy Duvall said, “Tough-minded, independent farmers and ranchers are not used to admitting they need help or asking for it. It is up to all of us to check in with our friends and neighbors and see how they are doing. Looking for the warning signs can save a life.” Learn more about how to help loved ones and neighbors using this resource sheet about mental health from the Farm Bureau.

3. Start a Conversation Amy Franklin of Riverview Farm in Plainfield, NH, is grateful for Extension’s open forums for New Hampshire farmers, which have brought together farmers from across the state. “I think that checking in with each other, even if it is just to comment on these unprecedented times, can open a gateway between farmers to have a more meaningful conversation about experiences during the growing season thus far and express any stress that has come with it,” she said. For more information about connecting with the NH farming community, contact Olivia Saunders at olivia.saunders@ unh.edu. You can also find contact information for national and NHbased resources for mental health at https:// extension. u n h . e d u / mentalhealth.

New Director Named for NH Agricultural Experiment Station at UNH By Lori Wright, UNH COLSA


r. Anton Bekkerman, associate director of the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and associate professor of economics at Montana State University, has been named the next director of the New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station (NHAES) and associate dean in the College of Life Sciences and Agriculture (COLSA) at the University of New Hampshire. Dr. Jon Wraith, who has served as the dean of the college and director of the experiment station for nine years, following three years as associate dean of COLSA and associate director of the experiment station, will step down at the end of June and return to the faculty. A national search for the next dean of the college is ongoing. An agricultural economist, Bekkerman will join UNH and the experiment station in mid-July. “I’m really pleased that we’ve found such a good person to lead the organization after I step down. I know that our faculty and staff will enjoy working with Anton,” Wraith said. Bekkerman received his PhD in economics from North Carolina State University and his bachelor’s in business economics from the

Sellinger School of Business at Loyola University in Maryland. His research focuses on a broad range of issues, including crop price dynamics and forecasting, market valuation of food quality characteristics, management of invasive species and pests, farm policy analysis, crop insurance, fertilizer market dynamics, wine pricing, and co-operatives. He also works with interdisciplinary teams of scientists to analyze the agronomic and economic effectiveness of alternative cropping systems, trade-offs of alternative soil management strategies, and cover crops. Finally, his research area has involved broader economic topics, including the economics of education, economics of public libraries, and economic information. “It’s great to be joining an already highly successful group of scientists whose research, outreach, and engagement make important contributions to moving forward their professions and the sustainability of the state’s and region’s food and natural resource system,” Bekkerman said. In particular, he is looking forward to learning more about ongoing research efforts and working with the College of Life Sciences and Agriculture

Page 17

Rural Resilience Training Program Addresses Farm and Ranch Stress As people around the country look for big and small ways to help their neighbors through the uncertainty that has come with COVID-19, the Rural Resilience Training Program, now available at no cost for all Farm Bureau members and staff, is a chance to do just that. Developed by Michigan State University Extension in partnership with the American Farm Bureau Federation, National Farmers Union and Farm Credit, the online training program is designed for individuals who interact with farmers and ranchers to help recognize signs of stress and offer resources. “This free training comes at the perfect time and provides Farm Bureau staff and members a meaningful way to make a difference in their communities,” said RJ Karney, AFBF director of congressional relations. The program will give participants the skills to understand the sources of stress, learn the warning signs of stress and suicide, identify effective communication strategies, reduce stigma related to mental health concerns and connect farmers and ranchers with appropriate mental health and other resources. The training takes about 4-5 hours to complete and can be done over multiple sessions. “Yes, it is a time investment, but one that pays vast dividends for both participants and those they will help,” Karney said. State and county Farm Bureau staff and members can register for the online training by visiting https://www.canr.msu. edu/managing_farm_stress/rural-resiliencyonline-course-afbf

and the New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station faculty and professionals to develop strategic efforts for ensuring that the station continues to facilitate meaningful, transformative science— especially in uncertain times. “Being able to join a team that’s already very successful and impactful and help grow those successes is a professional dream. The most important part of any agricultural experiment station is the people, and UNH has some of the very best,” he said. Bekkerman is committed to strengthening existing connections between experiment station scientists and stakeholders in the state and region as well as building new ones. He sees his role as station director to be a liaison between scientists and the beneficiaries and supporters of that science. “New Hampshire has so many diverse communities that are, whether they know it or not, served by the experiment station. How can we better communicate our science to assist those communities? How can I help bring more attention to those communities about the incredible research being done at their state agricultural experiment station and their landgrant university?” Bekkerman wants to help lead the effort to answer these questions. And after living for over a decade in Montana—where it could take five to seven hours one way to reach a destination—Bekkerman said he’s ready to put some miles to highlight the efforts of the New Hampshire

Dr. Anton Bekkerman has been named the next director of the NH Ag Experiment Station. (Photo Credit: UNH)

Agricultural Experiment Station and to grow the diversity and inclusion of New Hampshire communities that look to the station or science-based solutions and would support future research. “I see so many great opportunities to contribute. I can’t wait to get started!” he said. When not meeting with stakeholders and scientists, Bekkerman said he’d like to get involved with an area rec ice hockey league (no word yet on if he’ll pass muster), become a season-pass holder of the UNH women’s and men’s hockey teams (whenever those become available), and potentially capitalizing on his more than five years of DJing at KGLU, Montana’s community-run radio station, by moonlighting at WUNH 91.3FM.

Page 18

The Communicator

July/August 2020

Eye on Extension Extension Food & Agriculture specialists are here to help New Hampshire farms and agricultural businesses respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. We’re taking your questions and responding with the best current information available to help keep businesses running. Extension has developed extensive online resources and is continuing to connect with farmers remotely. We are also still available for on-farm visits while maintaining appropriate physical distancing protocols. Please visit our website to access all of this information and resources: https:// extension.unh.edu/tags/agriculturalresources-covid-19

New Hampshire Farm Products Map UNH Extension collaborated with the New Hampshire Department of Agriculture to gather and display farm listings from across the state in an interactive online map, making it easy for farmers to update their information. The map is accessed at https://extension.unh.edu/FarmMap. Farmers can add continue to add or update listings. For more information, contact UNH Extension Fruit & Vegetable Production Field Specialist Jeremy Delisle at 603-7962151 or Jeremy.Delisle@unh.edu.

Farmers Forum UNH Extension is hosting an online forum (using Zoom) for New Hampshire farmers to discuss how they are adapting in these uncertain times, due to COVID-19. Participation by phone is encouraged if internet connection is weak. Growers and producers can join the reoccurring meetings through video chat or by phone. This collaborative space allows farmers to share information and concerns about how the public health pandemic is affecting their operations while strategizing for success in the months ahead. Past sessions are available to view. Online sessions are held Monday mornings (10-11 a.m.) and Wednesday evenings. Visit our website for further instructions.

Gardening Questions Gardeners: Please contact us at answers@unh.edu or 1-877-EXTGROW (398-4769) with any questions you have. Photos are welcome and may help us identify any weed, disease or insect problems you encounter.

Facebook Live Follow UNH Extension on social media. A complete list of our accounts are located at https://extension.unh. edu/about/unh-extension-socialmedia. Our specialists offer informative Facebook Live sessions with specific themes and are happy to answer your questions.

Virtual Events

For a full list of virtual events and to register, please visit our website.

Disease Management Webinar for Giant Pumpkin Growers Tuesday, July 7 from 6:00 - 8:00 PM Margaret T. McGrath, Ph.D., (associate professor, Cornell University, department of plant pathology) will join us for a zoom webinar to discuss cucurbit yellow vine decline (CYVD) affecting pumpkin. This webinar will cover how to identify and manage this disease within your IPM system. Anna Wallingford, Ph.D., (UNH) will discuss the biology and management of squash bug, which vectors the pathogen responsible for the disease. While this webinar was designed with giant pumpkin growers in mind, this webinar is open to all and may be of interest to any grower of pumpkins, squashes and gourds. (2 PACs pending, must attend the live event to earn credit). Cost: free.

be offered through a combination of remote class sessions, forums in small cohorts coached by Extension staff and self-paced online learning. We regret that the field trip-based events will not be held in-person this year. However, we will be conducting pre-recorded virtual farm tours, and participants will then follow up in a live, discussionbased forum with the farmers we visit. Session dates and times: weekly, virtual sessions on Tuesday evenings from 6 to 7:30 p.m., August 4 to October 27. Readings, videos and discussion board participation within small cohorts will take place between the live sessions. Registration cost is $250 per person or $450 for two people from the same farm. Financial assistance is available, please contact Jonathan Ebba for more information at jonathan.ebba@unh. edu.

Farmers Market Resources May Tree Fruit Webinar Meeting Wednesday, July 8 from 5:30 - 8:00 PM

Tarping: What the Heck is That! (North Country Lunch and Learn) Wednesday, July 15 from 12:00 - 1:00 PM

Asparagus: Where the Green Fern Grows (North Country Lunch and Learn) Wednesday, August 12 from 12:00 - 1:00 PM Register for these lunch and learns on our website. For questions or special accommodations, please email Nicholas.Rowley@unh.edu or Heather.Bryant@unh.edu.

New Farmer School 2020 Tuesdays, August 2 - October 27 from 5:30 - 8:00 PM The nuts and bolts of farming as a business in New Hampshire: Get a jump-start on growing your agricultural business with this intensive multi-session course! Offering a wide variety of topics that will be applicable to any new farmer and sessions that build upon knowledge gained in previous sessions, this course is a great way to get up to speed quickly on the business and science of agriculture. Network with other new farmers and work closely with Extension staff as you develop your business and productions ideas. Course topics include soils and site assessment, agricultural regulations, enterprise selection, choosing a business entity, infrastructure considerations, marketing, insurance basics and financial and production record-keeping. Participants will also learn about state agencies and other agriculture service providers in New Hampshire. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we are altering the way we offer New Farmer School in 2020. The course will

We are all living in new and challenging times. Farmers markets this season are operating in alternative ways and have a different look. Until a few months ago, farmers markets were places to bring families and friends to leisurely pick and choose from the wonderful array of products, hop from one vendor to another, chat with farmers, catch up on town news and also linger to enjoy entertainment. But it’s no longer business as usual. Farmers market operations must be conducted differently. Extension teamed up with the NH Department of Agriculture for a webinar that brought together farmers from across the state to address the changes to farmers markets. Speakers included: Jimmy DeBiasi, director of programs for the Maine Federation of Farmers Markets; Jessica Giordani, market manager for the Lebanon Farmers Market; Gail McWilliam– Jellie, director of the Division of Agricultural Development for the NH Department of Agriculture; and Extension staff Mary Saucier Choate, food safety field specialist and Nada Haddad, agricultural business management field specialist. The webinar covered tips on market layout and flow, site sales and pick-up, food safety and communication among vendors and with customers in the days of COVID-19 and its aftermath. Farmers market managers and vendors provided excellent advice on adapting and changing their sales practices to enable them to offer customers a diverse selection of agricultural products in a safe environment. The webinar can be viewed on Extension’s website. The good news is that consumer demand for local food seems particularly high right now!

Currently there is no evidence of food or food packaging being associated with transmission of COVID-19. These precautions are in addition to normal best food safety practices for handling produce to lower the risk of food borne illness from bacteria such as E. coli and Samonella and viruses such as hepatitis A and norovirus. These extra steps and set ups may take more time but are necessary to help keep staff and customers safe. They will be appreciated by your customers. In the Field Stay home if you are sick. Employees should notify their supervisor and stay home if they are sick. Have a contingency plan in place as to who will handle the work or will lead the work in case you are sick. CDC recommends how to determine when a person with COVID-19 or its symptoms can return to work. Consider wearing a cloth mask to protect others. Cloth and DIY masks are recommended for everyone in public, including farm workers and other food workers. They do not have to be, and should not be, the kind meant for healthcare workers- as they are in short supply. The purpose of wearing a face covering is to help prevent the transmission of coronavirus from individuals who may be infected but are not showing symptoms. CDC recommends the voluntary use of cloth face coverings in public settings where other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain. The Manager’s checklist of best practices from the Produce Marketing Association (PMA) is a good tool to use as starting point to develop your complete guidelines to prevent the spread of COVID-19 among field workers. You can customize it to your farm’s standards. This PMA companion piece for field worker best practices is in English and in Spanish. Transporting Produce to Market

COVID-19 Precautions from Field to Market

The CDC states that transmission of the virus is dependent on distance between employees, the duration of the exposure, and the effectiveness of employee hygiene practices and sanitation. To support physical distancing, ideally, only the driver should be in the transport vehicle. If this is not possible, CDC recommends effective hygiene practices to reduce the chance of spreading the virus. These practices include wearing cloth face masks, cleaning hands before getting into the vehicle, opening the windows, cleaning and disinfecting the steering wheel, inside and outside door handles and other high touch surfaces in the vehicle before and after traveling in it. These procedures will help to reduce the risk of an employee transmitting COVID-19 to others.

The point of COVID-19 precautions in the field and at the market is to spend as little time in close contact with others as possible to prevent the potential spread of the virus. Coronaviruses are generally thought to be spread from person-to-person through respiratory droplets. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) states:

For more information and resources regarding COVID-19 Precautions from Field to Market, including Setting up Selling Area, Customer Care in the Selling Area, Handling Payments, and more visit: https://extension.unh. edu/blog/covid-19-precautions-fieldmarket

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

July/August 2020

Page 19

Farmers’ Market Classified

Connecting NHFB members with what they have to sell and what they want to buy. NHFB’s Farmers’ Market is a free classified ad service to all NHFB members. If you have something to sell, buy or trade, this is your place to get noticed. Ads can be emailed to editor@nhfarmbureau.org or faxed to 228-8432. Want more information? Call us at 224-1934.

FOR SALE FOR SALE: Homemade unused showbox with a clear stain finish. Dimensions appox. 36” L 16” W 20” H. Showbox features sliding tray for small items - $125. Contact Rebecca at 603798-4570.

FOR SALE: 5 Year Old purebred polled and halter broken Hereford. 1,240 lbs with 3-week old AI bull calf that is purebred and polled, 160 lbs -$1,600 for the pair. Contact Luke at 603798-4570.

under Jeep diesel engine & emissions warranty. WANTED: Gently used cattle chute $18,500 firm. Phone 603-465-2672 and a set of 6-8 head locks that can be set in cement. FOR SALE: Troy Bilt Lawn/Garden Tractor, finish mower. 42” deck. Garaged indoors, SERVICES excellent condition like new. Only 10 hours Veterinary Services: Now accepting usage. $800 603-465-2672 new farm and equine clients in New FOR SALE: Purebred Nubian yearling Hampshire & Vermont within a 40 mile doe. Excellent bloodlines, disbudded, tattooed, radius of Canaan, New Hampshire. registered, tested CAE free, G6S Normal and up Also specializing in Equine Dentistry to date CDT shots. $450. ADGA genetics: Aviva with over 25 years of experience. Able to N002030106 (PB Doe), Brown w/narrow white travel further for larger barns. Cardigan band. Twillingate Dairy Goat Farm, Gilmanton. Veterinary Clinic. 603-632-7500.

FOR SALE: Jotul 118CB Black Bear wood 267-1115

stove. Stove has been used for 3 years and is in excellent condition. It takes up to 24” wood FOR SALE: Two, 10,000lb Alko trailer and has the new style baffle. It has a heating axles, oil bath hubs, electric brakes. no rims, no capacity of 2000 square ft, output of 60,000 btu, springs $500. each. Concord 224-8862 weighs 340 lbs., has a cookplate and owner’s FOR LEASE/RENT manual. Asking $1,175.00. Located in Nelson, NH. Call Steve at 603-847-3020. FOR LEASE: Barn for rent, currently has FOR SALE: Old JD side delivery hay rake, 6 stalls suitable for horses, can be tailored for rusty but operational, needs some tines $250.: car/antique storage. Large loft area, electric, old double disk harrow, pull type $ 125.: 12 water, outdoor arena and ample room to build used green steel building panels 3x14: 8 month a walkout. Located on 30+ private acres, next old Jersey bull, friendly, parents on site $500. to 300 acres of conservation land with well Email chesleymtnfarm@yahoo.com established riding trails. $1200/month. Email FOR SALE: Hay Baler John Deere 327, with admin@nebcast.com Goffstown Kicker and sprayer applicator.. Excellent con- FOR LEASE: 120 acres of current use dition. used very little - $8,500.00 has all the farmland for up to 25 years. Excellent soils, books twine still in the baler. Two Pallet Jacks easily accessible water and in active production. $125.00 each. 150 gallon water stock tank heavy For information, visit www.hollisnh.org/ duty - $150.00. Please call 603-635-3355 anytime stefanowicz-lease or call Hollis Town Hall at after 7am. (603) 465-2209 x101

AGRICULTURAL FENCING INSTALLATION: Some of the fencing we install is high tensile electric, woven wire stock fence and open to other requests. Other services available include field perimeter and fence line mowing with mini excavator with flail mower head. Please call Nate @ 603-6486211 or email mockangus@tds.net



We are a contract pruning service for the management of orchard crops and landscape specimens. We’re equipped to prune standard, dwarf, and TSS varieties to maximize productivity and increase disease resistance. For landscapes, aesthetics are also taken into consideration. Call 919-478-3788 to request a quote.

REAL ESTATE: Farms, Woodlots,

Recreational Land. Broker Tom Howard is an Accredited Land Consultant with WANTED Paint has faded but mechanically is 100% and expertise in Conservation Easements, works like a dream - $1400. Pictures available. WANTED: One to two year old steers and Agriculture and Forestry. NH Call 603-475-3723 Conservation Real Estate, (603)253-4999. heifers. Heifers must not be bred. Contact Luke FOR SALE: Pre-shearing ALPACA SALE. at 603-798-4570. Shearing postponed, new date TBD. Prices de- WANTED: Ground driven manure spreader, creased $50-1000; price range $300-5000. 2 males new or used; please email classicbayfarm@ remain; both ribbon winning proven breeders. gmail.com. Females proven and unproven; breeders and pet/fiber. Range of colors. Buy one, get 2nd of equal or lesser value 1/2 price. Social distancing Tips for Avoiding Scams observed/required. 603-746-3385, Hopkinton.

FOR SALE: Used Honda FRC 800 rototiller.

FOR SALE: Turner Portable Band Sawmill, full hydraulic cuts 16ft, 6 - 28 in wide. $8500. OBO call for more information 603-859-7981 leave a message. located in New Durham



HD Professional grade Brushcutter/Weedwacker Honda 4 cycle-no oil mixing, HHT35S, handlebar type, complete with Saw Blade attachment, harness and Kwik loader cutting line head. Excellent condition. $250.00 603-465-2672

FOR SALE: Used metal roofing 50 sheets 3’ by 16’, 50 sheets 3’ by 12’ $5 each sheet. Walpole, 603-756-9582 or 603-504-5991.

Unfortunately, from time to time folks listing items for sale in classified sections of newspapers and/or websites are the targets of scams. The easiest way to avoid falling victim to one of these scams is to be aware of suspicious replies to your listings, never give out private information via email, and try to meet in person when making transactions. Most classified listing scams are conducted via email. Be aware of suspicious email replies containing: • • • •

Poor grammar and spelling, vague or strange wording. Responses from distant places (especially foreign countries or a far-off state). Offers to pay using cashier checks, certified checks, or money orders. Contact information that does not match (ex. phone number from different state than address).

Although most scams are initiated through email, look out for these signs in telephone conversations as well.

FOR SALE: Superb condition 2014 Jeep Grand Cherokee Limited with all the Factory options/attachments similar to the Summit. Always been hand washed-no commercial washes, Dealer maintained per Jeep manual, many new parts, I have all service records, no scratches, no rust, no dents, no accidents. Complete with 5 sets of Factory Remote Start transmitter keys ($1300 value). Still covered

If you believe you have been targeted by a scam online, you can file a complaint with the FBI Internet Crime Complaint Center at https://www.ic3.gov. If you believe you have been targeted by a phone scam, you can file a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission at https://www.ftccomplaintassistant.gov. For more resources on fraud and scams visit https://www.usa.gov/stop-scams-frauds.

The Communicator

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MCOOL (From front page) consumers about the country of origin of fresh fruits and vegetables, fish, shellfish, peanuts, pecans, macadamia nuts, ginseng, and ground and muscle cuts of beef, pork, lamb, chicken and goat. Before the MCOOL provisions went into effect, Canada and Mexico held consultations with the United States. Despite these consultations, the U.S., Canada and Mexico were unable to resolve their differences, resulting in Canada and Mexico requesting the establishment of a WTO dispute settlement panel in October 2009. The WTO DS panel in November 2011 concluded that some features of U.S. MCOOL discriminated against foreign livestock and were not consistent with the U.S.’s WTO obligations. The U.S., Canada and Mexico all appealed the panel’s finding, but ultimately the United States was left with a compliance deadline of May 23, 2013. In order to meet the deadline, USDA issued a revised MCOOL rule requiring that labels show where each production step (born, raised, slaughtered) occurred and prohibited the commingling of musclecut meat from different origins. Despite the labeling changes, Canada and Mexico still found MCOOL to be discriminatory against foreign cattle and hogs, as did a WTO compliance panel. A U.S. appeal of the compliance panel report proved unsuccessful, leading Canada and Mexico to request arbitration proceedings. In December 2015, the arbitration panel granted a retaliation level for Canada at CA$1.055 billion (US$781 million) and for Mexico at US$228 million. Following this finding, on Dec. 18, 2015, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016 repealed MCOOL for muscle cuts of beef and pork and ground beef and pork. After the repeal by Congress, USDA halted enforcement of MCOOL for beef and pork. Finally, on March 2, 2016, USDA amended the MCOOL regulations to reflect the repeal of the MCOOL law for muscle cuts of beef and pork, and ground beef and pork. The Meat of the Problem: The MCOOL law prohibited USDA from using a mandatory animal identification system, but the original 2002 version stated that the Agriculture secretary “may require that any person that prepares, stores, handles, or distributes a covered commodity for retail sale maintain a verifiable recordkeeping audit trail that will permit the secretary to verify compliance.” Verification immediately became one of the most contentious issues, particularly for livestock producers, in part because of the potential complications and costs of tracking animals and their products from birth through retail sale. The meat labeling requirements in MCOOL proved to be among the most complex and controversial of rulemakings, in large part because of the steps that U.S. feeding operations and packing plants had to adopt to segregate, hold and slaughter foreignorigin livestock. The WTO panel found that MCOOL’s legitimacy was undermined because a large amount of beef and pork was exempt, putting imported livestock at a competitive disadvantage to domestic livestock for no reason. The panel noted between 57.7% and 66.7% of beef and 83.5% and 84.1% of pork did not provide origin information to consumers. MCOOL had a number of statutory and regulatory exemptions that resulted in a significant share of beef and pork that did not convey origin information to consumers. Chiefly, MCOOL:

exempted items from labeling requirements if they were an ingredient in a processed food; covered only those retailers that annually purchase at least $230,000 of perishable agricultural commodities; and exempted restaurants, cafeterias, bars and similar facilities that prepare and sell foods to the public from these labeling requirements.

July/August 2020

For keeping your animals in or keeping the critters Gallagher ~ Geotek ~ Dare out, we have Farm Supply ~ Gripple ~ Applegate fencing solutions for you

Agricultural Electric Fence

Economic Impact of MCOOL: The 2014 farm bill required USDA to quantify the market impacts of MCOOL. The department assigned the research to a team of agricultural economists from Kansas State University and the University of Missouri. The report, released in 2015, found no evidence of meat demand increases for MCOOL-covered products, but found considerable evidence of increased compliance costs. Ultimately, the report found that MCOOL cost the meat industry and consumers billions. By the Numbers: Figure 1 tracks calendar year live cattle and beef imports to the U.S. from 2000-2019 and January through April 2019 and January through April 2020. The years during which MCOOL was in effect, 20092015, are highlighted in yellow. Figure 1 demonstrates that imports of both nonbreeding stock cattle and beef imports remained fairly steady throughout the MCOOL period. January through April 2020, live cattle imports from Mexico and Canada were down 7%, compared to the same period in 2019. January through April 2020, beef imports from Mexico and Canada were down 4%, compared to the same period in 2019.

MCOOL Beyond Beef and Pork: While repealed for muscle cuts of beef and pork and ground beef and pork in 2016, MCOOL remains in place for fresh fruits and vegetables, fish, shellfish, peanuts, pecans, macadamia nuts, ginseng, and ground and muscle cuts of lamb,

Food Assistance Program in the 13 days since the application period opened on May 26. Representing more than 54% of the total applications, nearly 92,000 are from livestock producers (livestock includes cattle, hogs and sheep (lambs and yearlings only)). This is a strong indication of the dire pain felt across the livestock sector. As we look for ways to ease that pain, it is not surprising we discuss a wide variety of policy tools, including those, like MCOOL, that have been tried before.

AFBF (From page 4)

Figure 2 tracks calendar year live pig and pork imports to the U.S. from 20002019 and January through April 2019 and January through April 2020. Again, the years during which MCOOL was in effect, 2009-2015, are highlighted in yellow. Figure 2 demonstrates that while imports of live pigs fell considerably, pork imports rose considerably throughout the MCOOL period. In January through April 2020, live pig imports from Canada were down 1%, compared to the same period in 2019. In January through April 2020, pork imports from Canada were down 8%, compared to the same period in 2019.

chicken and goat. Despite the hope that MCOOL would make consumers more likely to purchase U.S.-produced goods, trade data suggests that consumer demand for imported goods remains high. For example, imports of fresh fruits and vegetables were 56% higher in 2019 than 2009, despite a strong U.S. industry and increasing “buy local” trends. Summary: This has been an incredibly challenging year for producers around the country. As of June 8, USDA’s Farm Service Agency had received over 169,000 applications for the Coronavirus

very interested to see how entrepreneurs will use startup funds provided by the Challenge to help support farms and ranches and grow the rural economy.” For example, 2020 Ag Innovation Challenge semi-finalist AgButler recently partnered with Missouri Farm Bureau to launch MO AgConnection. The business connects farmers with high school and college students who may be able to provide the extra hands required to keep farms and ranches running smoothly. Rantizo, another 2020 semi-finalist business, is testing the use of autonomous drone sprayers to sanitize large-scale venues, such as MLB stadiums and other spectator events. Farm Bureau and Farm Credit will select 10 startup companies to compete at the AFBF Annual Convention in January 2021 as semi-finalists. The 10 semi-finalist teams will be announced on Oct. 5 and awarded $7,500 each. The 10 teams will compete to advance to the final round where four teams will receive an additional $7,500 and compete live on stage in front of Farm Bureau members, investors and industry representatives. The final four teams will compete to win: Farm Bureau Entrepreneur of the Year, for a total of $50,000; People’s Choice award, for a total of $20,000. The top 10 semifinalist teams will participate in pitch training and mentorship from Cornell University’s Dyson School of Applied Economics & Management faculty prior to competing at AFBF’s Convention. In addition, the top 10 semi-finalist teams will have the opportunity to network with industry leaders and venture capital representatives from the Agriculture Department’s Rural Business Investment Companies. Entrepreneurs must be Farm Bureau members to qualify as top 10 semifinalists. Learn more at fb.org/challenge.

July/August 2020

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

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The Communicator

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July/August 2020

Associated Women Of NHFB Member Spotlight:

Ruth Scruton

Hi I’m Ruth Scruton and this is a snap shot of my life, a 3-day diary. First a little bit about me. I’m the past president of the Associated Women of New Hampshire Farm Bureau and a member of the NH Timberland Owners’ Association I’m a daughter of Frank and Pauline Scruton, whose legacy, in part, is raising a growing number of farmers. I’m an 8th generation NH farmer. I own a diverse farm with a wide range of agriculture activities happening on any given day. I still have a variety of livestock left over from 20 years of running the Traveling Barnyard. My drive to educate and advocate for agriculture stems from being brought up on a progressive dairy farm that produced, processed, and delivered wholesale dairy products. At a young age I was responsible for the feeding and care of young calves. These skills have served me well as I’ve expanded into more agricultural operations. I’m proud to be the 5th generation of Scrutons, and the first woman, to own the 450-acre lot now in conservation easement. I also own 600 acres of managed timber and farm land. My gardens, high tunnel, and fruit orchards would not be as large as they are without the help of my boyfriend, Bernie Liberi.

I have two sons involved in farming. Chris has Evergreen Ridge Christmas tree Farm and Aaron has a hay and timber operation. My two daughters share their knowledge of agriculture and gardening with their children. I’m fortunate to have all children and grandchildren live close by. Monday June 9th Ruth Scruton shows off some tomato plants started in her high tunnel at her home farm in Farmington, NH. She is the 5th generation of Scrutons, and the first woman, to own the 450 acre lot. (Photo Credit Bernie Liberi)

Morning chores, which are no chore for me because I love to care for my animals, consisted of feeding and caring for chickens, ducks, peafowl, sheep, goats, alpacas, donkeys and beef cows. I also gathered chicken eggs, checked on the ducks and peahen that are currently setting on eggs and smiled as I watched the peacocks show off! The 4-H Teeswaters lambs arrived this morning. They came from Pitch Fork Farm in Michigan. We were supposed to get them at Maryland Sheep And Wool Festival on our way back from a vacation in Florida, but both were cancelled because of COVID-19. Instead, the lambs were picked up in Rhinebeck, NY, late last night. I so enjoyed sharing 4-H experiences last year and will miss these events as the 4-H shows in NH have been cancelled. My grandsons helped me mulch the sunflowers with some old hay we had

cleaned out of the hayloft yesterday, when my son Aaron and his family helped with loft repairs, organizing, and putting the first load of 2020 hay in. After finishing mulching the boys and I had fun searching for the ladybugs that had been let loose on Sunday to control aphids in the garden. We moved some more livestock panels over to the garden gate. These along with netting will be used as the structure to cover the blueberry bushes. Last year the peacocks ate the blueberries before they turned blue. My daughter-in-law, Michelle, and I suited up to check on the three beehives that we had added capped queen cells to on May 26. We found all three queen bees and saw signs of them laying. Then we marked them with a blue dot,

this year’s color. Marking queens make them easier to find and tells us their age (beekeepers use different colors for different years). We didn’t take time to check the other eight hives. After lunch I worked on facemasks. I had requests for bees, hunting and patriotic masks. And I found some other cool fabric to use. During a break I looked out the window and could tell something was wrong in the bee yard. Went outside to see a swarm of bees circling high in the field. I started drumming while phoning for help and the swarm started to lower and landed on a branch about eight feet off the ground. Help arrived and we shook them into a cardboard box, and then transferred them into a small hive. We added some honey frames. They must








Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

Join Today •Not a member? •Know someone who should be? Farmers, gardners, local food consumers, nature fans, teachers, property owners, and anyone who enjoys rural New hampshire are the kinds of people involved with Farm Bureau. Use the applicaƟon on this page or sign up online at www.nhfarmbureau/join-today/

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Ruth Scruton prepares to head out to the hay field on her John Deere tractor. “I like my tractor driving job better than stacking hay on the wagons job.” Who would disagree?

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After morning chores I wrapped some young apple trees that had been damaged by woodpeckers. I had called UNH Cooperative Extension and sent pictures of my problem and they suggested wrapping the damaged trunks. Planted my new Honey Crisp Apple tree that my sister gave me. Stopped to take pictures of the kiwi berry vines that are covered with buds, and remembered the small plants I got in the mail 4 years ago. Installed drip line irrigation for our onions and

green beans. Painted some hive boxes, trying to stay ahead of my expanding apiary. Reviewed Conservation Easement report from last week’s visit. I love walking the piece of land that my father and grandfather were born on. The “old Place” is a sentimental treasure. Unfortunately, the Easement report found one tire and some off road tire damage. Made some lip balms to fill an order as my supply was low. I believe small farms have to have a value added plan to thrive. These lip balms have my honey and bees wax in them. Evening chores. And finish writing this for AW. This ends my 3 days sharing with you of what’s happening on my farm. If you have question about what I’m doing on my farm, find this article on the Associated Women of NH Farm Bureau Facebook page and comment with your questions and I’ll try to answer them!

Name ______________________________________ Farm Name ____________________________________ Date ___/____/____

Wednesday June 10, 2020.

Ruth Scruton removes a frame from one of her 11 beehives to search for a recently added queen bee. There has been plenty of excitement in Scruton’s apiary this year, having already retrieved two swarms

New Members - Please Tell Us About Yourself

After morning chores my sister Barb came for a visit. It’s been awhile since I’ve seen her because of COVID-19. I’d planned to help her out with NH Maple Weekend and attend a baby shower to welcome her first grandchild in March, but they were also cancelled. She brought us some Patch Orchard of Lebanon, NH, products like hard cider, maple syrup, and honey crisp apple trees! We drove to my daughter Bethany’s house, my first visit to one of my children’s house since COVID-19, to pass down baby things. Afterwards we stopped at Tides, a small local fish market, because Barb wanted to bring home fresh lobster. Our next stop was my son Aaron and his wife Michelle’s farm; I loaded a plastic layer in her truck to be used next at the Patch Orchards pumpkin patch. It makes good economic sense to share equipment between farms. Then back to my farm for Barb to pick up plants started in the high tunnel. She got tomatoes, peppers, melons, and flowers as well as some freshly pulled garlic from the high tunnel. When I was saying goodbye, I commented that with so many gardens, no matter where I am, I am pulling weeds! I pulled a few from near where I was. I know I will see her soon, as she will be returning the equipment. While I enjoyed my visit, Michelle worked the hay field. Aaron, his sons, and myself joined her to help bring in the hay. I drove the tractor that pulls the baler with the hay wagon attached behind that. I like my tractor driving job better than stacking hay on the wagons job. Home to do evening chores.

Support NH Farmers - Join The New Hampshire Farm Bureau!

Tuesday June 10, 2020

Degree of Farming ___Full- me Farmer Phone _______________________________ E-mail _______________________________________________ DOB ___/____/____ ___Part- me Farmer Solicitor _____________________________ NHFB# ________________________________________________________________ ___Re red Farmer ( For Office Only) ___Agribusiness Membership Dues (Please circle one) Credit Card Payments Dues $ _________________ ___Ag Professional Farmer Members (Based on Gross Ag Income) American Express Visa MasterCard Discover Membership Dues NHAITC Dona on $ _________________ ___Farm Employee $1 - $25,000. ........................................ $75 CC#________ ________ ________ ________ $25,001 - $75,000 ............................... $100 Please consider a donaƟon. ___Ag Student CVV ____________ Exp. Date ______/______ $75,001 - $200,000 ............................. $125

have liked their new home because they stayed, success! Maybe we should have checked all the beehives earlier.


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Address ___________________________________________ City, ST, Zip ________________________________________________

July/August 2020

July/August 2020

Farm Bureau - The Voice of N.H. Agriculture

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The Many BENEFITS of Farm Bureau American National Special Rate Plans for NHFB Members American National Insurance Company offers two special rate plans for NHFB members personal auto, SFP-10® and Country Estate insurance! The personal auto special rate plan will represent about a 5% savings on your American National personal auto policy if it’s associated with an active NHFB membership. The SFP-10® and Country Estate special rate plan will afford about a 3% savings on your American National farm policy if it’s associated with an active NHFB membership

New Hampshire Farm Bureau members receive $500 Bonus Cash off the purchase or lease of an eligible new Ford Vehicle Farm Bureau Bonus Cash is exclusively for active Farm Bureau members who are residents of the United States. This incentive is not available on Mustang Shelby GT350®, Mustang Shelby® GT350R, Mustang Shelby® GT500®, Mustang BULLITT, Ford GT, F-150 Raptor, Bronco and Mustang Mach-E. This offer may not be used in conjunction with most other Ford Motor Company private incentives or AXZD-Plans. Some customer and purchase eligibility restrictions apply. Must be a Farm Bureau member for 30 consecutive days prior to purchase and take new retail delivery from an authorized Ford Dealer’s stock by 1/4/21. Visit FordFarmBureauAdvantage.com or see your authorized Ford Dealer for qualifications and complete details.

Please contact your local American National agent for special rate plan information. To find an agent in your area call:

Brandon Coffman, General Agent

American National is endorsed by the New Hampshire Farm Bureau

603-223-6686 - www.americannational.com

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New Hampshire Farm Bureau members get special member prices on selected categories and brands from Grainger, PLUS free standard parcel shipping on all standard Grainger products.

John Deere now offers John Deere Rewards to members of New Hampshire Farm Bureau. Farm Bureau members receive discounts, special low rate financing, and all other benefits associated with Rewards Platinum 2 status. It’s easy to become a John Deere Rewards member too! Just sign up for John Deere Rewards program using a valid member ID and zip code for membership verification, and become a Platinum 2 level by visiting www.JohnDeere.com/FarmBureau!

Go to https://www.grainger.com/farmbureau and establish a new Grainger.com® account using your NHFB Account #: 855922498

or visit

New Hampshire Farm Bureau members can save up to $5,000 on Cat excavators, skid steers, wheel loaders, and more!

Call 1-877-202-2594 grainger.com/farmbureau


*Standard parcel freight is paid by Seller on all orders, unless otherwise stated, to Buyer’s place of business anywhere in the contiguous United States. Other terms and conditions may apply for other than standard parcel delivery (“Other Freight Services”), including expedited same-day delivery, air freight, freight collect, sourced orders, export orders, hazardous materials, Buyer’s carrier, shipments outside the contiguous U.S. or other special handling by the carrier. Charges incurred for Other Freight Services must be paid by Buyer.


for more info

lifelinescreening.com/nhfb Or call us toll free at (800) 718-1169 Life Line Screening can evaluate your risk for most critical – and often undiagnosed – healthcare conditions. Stroke, Vascular Disease and Heart Rhythm Package … $135 for NHFB members. Because you are a valued member of the New Hampshire Farm Bureau, call to make an appointment today and receive a FREE Osteoporosis Risk Assessment.

New Farmer Toolkit

Excl u NHFsive Mem B Bene ber fit

NHFB offers this his is guide, filled with individual fact sheets addressing topics pertinent to planning and operating a farm business, as a NH Farm Bureau Member benefit. Call the office at 603-224-1934 or visit www.nhfarmbureau.org to view the toolkit!

New Hampshire Farm Bureau Members can save up to 20% off the Best Available Rate at over 8,000 participating hotels worldwide.

Visit www.wyndhamhotels.com/ farm-bureau


CREDIT CARD Processing

Do you need wireless payment capabilities at farm stands or farmers’ markets?


- Credit & Debit Card - E-Commerce Solutions - Gift & Loyalty Card Programs - Terminal Sales & Servicing - Wireless Payments

SAVE 20% WITH YOUR N.H. Farm Bureau Rate Code: 00209700

Health & dental insurance available for qualifying Farm Bureau members. Call NEEBCo, our exclusive broker at (603) 228-1133 for more information.

Farm Bureau members enjoy exclusive savings when renting from AVIS. Use Avis Worldwide Discount code: A298829. Visit: http://www.Avis.com/nhfb

For information call Joel Breton at (603) 623-0561 or email sales@mjmassociates.net.

Farm Bureau members also enjoy exclusive savings when renting from BUDGET. Use Budget Customer Discount Number (BCD): Y775729. Visit: http://www.Budget.com/nhfb

Farm Bureau members receive a 10% discount on Carhartt apparel at The Barn Store in Salisbury and Osborne’s Agway locations in Concord, Hooksett, and Belmont. Present your membership card at checkout.


FREE Prescription Drug Card

Call the NH Farm Bureau at 224-1934 to receive your prescription card. NOTE: This card is being provided to you at NO COST. There are no forms to fill out. Simply take this card into a participating pharmacy with your Rx to qualify for discounts on medication.

New Hampshire Farm Bureau u members save $500 per unit on n the purchase or lease of Case IH H Maxxum® tractors; Farmall® C series utility, U series utility and d 100A series tractors; self-propelled d windrowers and large square e balers. A $300 per unit incentive is available for Case IH Farmall® C series compact and Farmall A series utility tractors, Case IH Scout® utility vehicles and other hay tools,

including round balers, small square balers, disc mower conditioners and sicklebar mower conditioners. Visit www.nhfarmbureau.org/memberbenefits for more information!

Profile for The Communicator

The Communicator - July/August 2020  

The Official New Hampshire Farm Bureau Newspaper

The Communicator - July/August 2020  

The Official New Hampshire Farm Bureau Newspaper


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