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t eanc 0 VOL. 21, NO. 52


HEW Head Lists Moral, Ethical Guidelines ANN ARBOR, Mich. (NC) Arguing that "science has become too important to be left to scientists and government has always been too important to be left to the governors," Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare Joseph Califano has urged increased public debate on moral and ethical issues in public policy. 'He also offered guidelines for such debates. Califano made his comments in an address at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. Califano said government is now involved in questions of life, death, morals and ethics in areas such as abortion, biomedical research, genetic research, the distribution of health resources, fetal research, psychosurgery and sterilization. "Questions people once sought to have answered by prayer, issues once left for scientists to resolve are now debated on the floor of Congress and decided by majority vote or thrown into the regulatory process," Califano said. "A pluralistic society facing such intrinsically complex questions will never find a single right answer that will satisfy all its citizens," he said, "but there are some basic tenets of decision-making we should follow." He discussed four guidelines: - A guarantee of due proTurn to Page Seven

Dayan Will Meet With Pope Paul VATICAN CITY (NC)-Diplomatic sources in Rome confirm that Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan pl,ans to visit Pope Paul VI during a January trip to Italy. The Vatican has as yet made no comment on the Dayan visit. The main topic of the Dayan visit will probably be the of the City of Jerusalem and especially of the Holy Places. The Vatican would like the Israelis to give special status to parts of the city having special historical religious significance. These zones, according to the Vatican plan, would be off limits for military displays, construction of government offices or other activities which would conflict with their sacred nature. The Vatican has also expressed concern that the rights of all religious and ethnic minorities in the Holy City be fully safeguarded. Turn to Page Seven

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Pontiff Addresses Armament Makers

Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God Sunday, January 1

Work for Social Justice He Tells Charismatics BRUSSELS, Belgium (NC) Cardinal Leo Suenens of Malines-Brussels, a leader of the charismatic renewal movement,' has appealed to all Christians to increase their commitment to work for social justice. In a message published in Magnificat, a magazine of the

charismatic movement, the cardinal noted that the movement is accused of ignoring the concrete problems of people. Recalling that Jesus chose to be born and to live in poverty, Cardinal Suenens said that choice "leaves no doubt about 'furn to Page Seven

NEW YEAR GREETINGS are extended by children of Mt. St. Joseph School, Fall River, who will be seen in a holiday program on WTEV Channel 6 at 7:20 a.m. New Year's Day. From left, Teresa Moniz, Deborah Camara, Sheila Perry.

VATICAN CITY (NC) - In his annual message for the World Day of Peace on Jan. I, Pope Paul VI has appealed for an end to violence against nations and individuals, including the unborn. "Our war against war has not yet been won, and our 'yes' to peace is rather something wishPod for than something real," wrote the Pontiff in his message addressed to "the world and to humanity." He urged all men to "consider and exalt peace even outside the trenches" on the 11 th celebration of the World Day of Peace, an observance which he himself established. This year's theme is "No to Violence, Yes to Peace." His 16-page message contained a special appeal to doctors in the "ministry of medicine" to with the ally themselves Church in defence of human life. "We cannot fail to disapprove of each and every offense against nascent life, and we must appeal to every authority and to everyone who has due competence, to work for the prohibition of procured abortion and for its remedy," wrote the Pope. The message explicitly condemned "acts .of pitiless terrorism," crimes against the innocent, vendettas, and the mounting arms race. For the first time, the papal Peace Day message was especially addressed to "the great planners and operators of the world arms market." Peace, said the Pope, cannot be based on the "infernal destructive capacity" of arms. The Pontiff said that "war is being kept in check by the terrible nature of its own arms which it would immediately have at its disposal." But fear of possible "cosmic conflagration," wrote the Pope, "is more an imagined restraint than a real one." The Pope had high praise for "the lofty and rational effort being made at the highest political levels" to insure peace. He also lauded the upcoming special session of the U.N. General Assembly on the problem of disarmament and the 1975 Helsinki Conference as signs of progress in the search for peace, He urged the world leaders to establish "relationships between peoples which are ever more interdependent, with ultimate solidarity, and ever more friendly and human. Discussing acts of violence against individuals, the Pope said

that "private" violence is taking on "alarming proportions to the extent that it is becoming habitual." Decay of moral conscience and "social pessimism" are often responsible for extinguishing "the taste for and the commitment to honesty professed for its own sake," wrote the Pope. "What is possible takes the place of what is honest. The only restraint is the fear of incurring some public or private sanction," he said. "Violence is not courage," insisted the Pope. "Violence does not ennoble the man who has recourse to it." "Violence distrusts normal legal processes and is always clever at evading the observance of these processes by devising, almost by force of circumstances, criminal undertaking that sometimes degenerate into acts of pitiless terrorism, the final result of wrong choice of road and the cause of deplor. able forms of repression," said the Pope. The papal message condemned the "structural violence of some political regimes" as a faulty basis for peace. But is also insisted that violent revolution is not the path to winning freedom. A new feature of the Pope's 1978 peace message is a can路 cluding section addressed to children. He calls them "the Turn to Page Seven

Fides Founder, Fr. Considine,' Is Remembered The International Fides Service, which was organized by New Bedford native Father John J. Considine, MM and is the oldest news service dealing specifically with the missionary work of the Church, marked its 50th anniversary this month at :J Mass in the Church of the Gesll in Rome. The presiding celebrant was Cardinal Agnelo Rossi, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Evangelization, and the gospel was read by Msgr. Jesus Irigoyen, present director of Fides. Father Considine is the brother of Msgr. Raymond T. Considine, pastor of St.路 William's Church, Fall River, until his retirement earlier this year; and Msgr. Arthur G. Considine, pastor of St. Mary's Church, South Dartmouth. Turn to Pagc Sc\'cn

• 2

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur., Dec. 29, 1977

ill People. Places·Events-NC News Briefs ill That's The Way It Is WASHINGTON - The man everybody trusts is not to be trusted, according to the Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights. Walter Cronkite, CBS News anchorman, has been awarded the Catholic group's "Earl Butz Bigotry in Media Award," for what the league said was his biased and inaccurate handling of the congressional fight over funding for Medicaid abortions.

Ousted Missioner VATICAN CITY - Swiss missionary Father Paul Egli has been expelled from Rhodesia after having serVed a year's prison term for failure to report the presence of nationalist guerrillas, said Vatican Radio.

Priest Gets Jail NEW YORK - Father Louis R. Gigante, whose term as Bronx City councilman expires Dec. 31, was sentenced to 10 days in jail for refusing to answer questions before a grand jury investigating the city's Department of Corrections.

Lateran Probe ''THE POPE never mentioned this sort of thing," Archbishop Jean Jadot, apostolic delegate in the U.S., might be thinking, as he is made up for TV appearance on Jan. 1 "Directions" program.

ROME A special investigation, ordered personally by Pope Paul VI, has begun at the Pontifical Lateran University - one of Rome's most prestigious Catholic educational institutes. The investigation into what is being taught and how the university is run is being conducted by Canadian Bishop Edouard Gagnon.

Communion in Hand WASHINGTON Approval of the Communion-in-the-hand option for the United States was ranked as the top religious news story of the year by 49 diocesan and national newspaper editors who voted in a poll conducted by NC News Service. The editors chose Pope Paul VI as top personality of the year.

Pope Aids Farmers

NIJOLE SADUNAITE, a young Lithuanian Catholic arrested in 1974 for distribution of an underground Catholic paper, has been released from a labor camp and banished for three years to a remote area of her country, according to a Brooklyn, N.Y. Lithuanian aid association.

ROME - Papal representative Archbishop Agostino Ferrari-Toniolo has presented a check for $100,000 to the new billion-dollar International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

Newark Isn't Sexist NEWARK, N.J. In a unanimous resolution, the Senate of Priests of the Newark archdiocese has called for an end to policies, attitudes and actions which discriminate against women.

Argentine Protest 'BUENOS AIRES, Argentine- The Argentine Bishops' Conference (CEA) will go to Gen. Jorge Videla, the president of the country, with its protest against a course on "Church and Subversion" being given to teachers by army security agents.

Charge Babies Starved EDINBURGH, Scotland - Two government ministers are launching an inquiry into charges by George Crozier, a prominent Catholic layman, that handicapped babies are being starved to death in Scottish hospitals as a result of government directives.

Ghana Award to Nun FATHER JAMES McCLELLAN, curate at Our Lady of Assumption parish, Osterville, will be Cape Cod Community College chaplain as of Jan. 1.

VATICAN CITY - President Ignatius Kutu Acheampong of Ghana has conferred the country's highest award on U.S.-born Sister Jane Evelyn Ie Frbis of the Missionary Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit, Vatican Radio reported.

Holy Shroud TURIN, Italy - The Holy Shroud of Turin will be publicly exposed next September for the first time in 40 years. The shroud is traditionally considered the burial shroud of Jesus. It bears an imprint of a human figure remarkably like a photographic negative.

Only Cosmetic ROME - Atheistic Communist governments will probably make only cosmetic changes in their persecution of believers as a result of the Helsinki agreements, said Cardinal Franz Koenig of Vienna, Austria, in an interview with the Italian Catholic magazine Famiglia Cristiana.

Religion Survives VENICE, Italy - A religious revival in th~ Soviet Union and a new alliance between activist believers and Marxistatheist dissidents is posing a new threat to the Soviet Union's war on religion. That was the message given at a series of recent conferences in Italy on cultural and religious dissent behind the Iron Curtain.

FATHER J. BRYAN HEHIR, head of the U.S. Catholic Conference Office of Justice and Peace, has protested detention of Catholic activists and banning of a Catholic magazine in South Africa.

New Task VATICAN CITY - The Apostolate of the Sea, founded in 1922 to provide spiritual care to Christian sailors, has taken on a new task of evangelizing the "large and ever increasing number of seafarers who have yet to hear and understand the Gospel message," Pope Paul VI said.

Prison Reforms CHICAGO - The National Coalition of American Nuns has called for a mora."· torium on prison construction and urged implementation of community-based probationary programs, shorter sentences and the decriminalization of "victimless crimes" as alternatives to jailing.

Cooperation Asked ARLINGTON, Va. - The Vatican has asked dissident parishioners of Good Shepherd parish in Alexandria to work with Bishop Thomas J. Walsh of Arlington and the parish pastor, Father Frank E. Mahler. Church officials and some parishioners have differed in their understanding of the role of the parish council and liturgical rules.

MOTHER TERESA aids sick, destitute and homeless in cyclone-ravaged Indian state of Andhra Pradesh where an estimated 25,000 died last month.

Likes Rel'igious Colleges WASHINGTON President Jimmy Carter prai$ed the contributions of church-related colleges at a meeting with 20 representatives of Catholic and Protestant-related colleges and universities. Carter told the group: "It is important that you use me and my name as an endorsement from the people of our country for the contribution that has been made, is being made and will be made to our nation (by church-related colleges)."

Diplomacy Unwanted BROOKLYN, N.Y. - An underground Catholic group in Lithuania has rejected the Vatican's diplomacy with Eastern Europe, saying the policy leads to more persecution and interferes with the activity of "the church of the catacombs." The rejection is contained in the 28th issue of the Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania, an underground newsletter published in the Soviet Union and smuggled to the West.

CARDINAL CARLO CONFALONIERI, 84, has been named dean of the College of Cardinals.

THE ANCHORThurs.. Dec. 29. 1977

Bias Possibility To Be Studied


WASHINGTON (NC) - Sen. Richard Schweiker, R-Pa., has asked medical school applicants who believe they were discriminated against because they oppose abortions to send case histories of their experiences to him and to the Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Under a law just passed by Congress, HEW must prepare a report on such discrimination by March I, 1978. The Senate had passed an amendment, written by Schweiker, prohibiting federally assisted medical schools and facilities from discriminating against applicants on the basis of their refusal to perform abortions or other medical procedures on moral or religious grounds. No such amendment was voted on in the House. When the issue went to a House-Senate conference committee, both houses .agreed to call for the HEW report.

PHEN, the first deacon, diocesan candidates for the permanent diaconate met at

St. Stanislaus parish, Fall River, for a celebration of the Eucharist, followed by a festive luncheon. Below, deacons and family members with Father Robert Kaszynski, principal celebrant and among faculty members for the diaconal study program.

Clergy Meeting Catholic and Protestant clergy will meet from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Thursday, Jan. 19 at Case House, Swansea, for a morning of worship, dialogue and reflection celebrating the annual Week' of Prayer for Christian Unity. Addresses by Rev. Richard Reid and Rev. John FoIster will be followed by small discussions and an informal luncheon. Purpose of the day, say organizers, is to reflect on the common ministry to the Fall River area of participants. It is sponsored by the Diocese of Fall River, the Greater Fall River Council of Churches and Case House.

Interfaith Unit Scores R.I. Jails PROVIDENCE, R.I. (NC) A Providence commission has expressed concern about overemphasis on "custOdy, control and punishment" in Rhode Island's prison system, where a "general lockup" has been in effect since last summer. The Community Affairs Commission, an advisory panel to Father Frank Giudice, Providence diocesan vicar for community affairs, urged adoption of several measures to enhance the rehabilitation of prisoners at the Adult Correctional Institutions in Cranston, R.I. They include improvements in of prisoners, classification training of inmates in practical, marketable skills, establishment of prison educational programs and provision of adequate recreation. In a "statement of concern" on the Adult Correctional Institutions, the commission suggested that inmates be treated as "human beings who are loved by God" and "in such a way that when they are released they not be more angry and dangerous than when they were initially imprisoned." The statement was also approved by the Rhode Island State Council of Churches. The 403 prisoners in the institutions' maximum security unit have been confined to their cells 23 hours a day under a general lockup imposed by Bradford Southworth, state director of corrections, last August, after several guards were injured in a disturbance involving a group of inmatÂŁ's.

Heads NETWORK WASHINGTON (NC) - Sister of Mercy Margaret Farley of the facuIty of Yale Divinity School has been elected president of the board of directors of NETWORK, an organization of Religious and others lobbying on social justice issues. Also elected to the board were Sister Audrey Olson, a Sister of St. Joseph of Peace, Holy Family Sister Alice Weidner and Sister of Charity Regina Murphy.


It's Good, But Not Enough WASHINGTON (NC) - The head of the U. S. Catholic Conference (USCC) migration department has called President Carter's decision to admit another 7,000 Indochinese refugees into the United States "humanitarian, but inadequate." John McCarthy, director of Mi'gration and Refugee Services, estJimated that refugees are leaving Vietnam and other Southeast Asian countries in small boats at a rate of 1,500 a month. He called the administration's intention to admit another 7,000 refugees, many of them "boat people," "humanitarian," but added: "It's still inadequate for the need." Many boats filled with refugees have been passed by ships and rejected by countries. omcials of volunteer agencies active in resettling refugees estimate that about 13,000 "boat people" have landed - and just as many have drowned. To help relieve the problem the State Department announced Oec. 22 that Carter authorized Secretary of State Cyrus Vance to ask the attorney general to use his emergency "parole authority" and admit the 7,000. Last summer, the United States accepted 15,000 "boat people," mostly Vietnamese and Laotians. Earlier in December, McCarthy had urged an "open-ended" authority to accept as many boat people as needed. He said voluntary agencies, including the Catholic Church, would assure jobs and homes for these people.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River--Thur., Dec. 29, 1977

For Portuguese NEWARK (NC) - Archbishop Peter Garety of Newark has named coordinator for a religious program for an estimated 40,000 Portuguese Catholics in his archdiocese. He is Father John Antao, who has worked with the Portuguese in Newark since his ordination in 1960.

themoorin~ Historic Preservation ... A Must Secretary of State Paul Guzzi has announced that the Massachusetts Historical Commission has received the highest federal grant funding in its history. Guzzi, chairman of the commission, noted that the $899,000 funding for fiscal year 1978 is the maximum the federal government can provide. According to the Secretary of State the funds are earmarked for 24 survey and planning grants to aid communities throughout the state to prepare historic preservation programs, as well as for 30 acquisition and development grants to restore and rehabilitate specific historic sites. Of particular interest is his statement that "This year we are concentrating our efforts on revitalizing historic urban areas and increasing the number of local historical commissions. The projects we will be able to fund should demonstrate that historic preservation not only enriches our culture, but is economically practical as well." Historic preservation is a must and for the urban areas of this state an absolute necessity. From the theoretical and esthetic viewpoint, so many of our cities have valuable historic buildings which either are being destroyed for parking lots or left to the ravages of neglect. On the very practical level, historic preservation has proven to be one of the most positive forms of urban renewal, as seen in the Quincy Market undertaking in Boston. Not only was a decaying area brought to life but in the process new jobs were created and old ones renewed. What was overlooked by the visionaries of the glass box became the center of a new urban community. What was accomplished in one area can" be an example of what could be done in all our cities if we only cared. Caring in this instance means that all of us should make sure that alloted funds for historic preservation are distributed fairly and justly throughout the state. In addition, efforts of this nature must not become political plums for the favorite few as has been so often the case in the Commonwealth. There is just too much at stake, namely, the very survival of our cities. The next time you complain about your tax rate or how hopeless the future seems for your own urban community, remember you can do something more than just talk. Get interested. Get involved in Historic Preservation.

Fuel for Hell Fire? The abortion issue must be kept ever before our minds for it is nothing more than legal murder. Just to realize some of the more gruesome ramifications of what some of our own area legislators support, attention should be paid to facts reported in two rather disparate journals. New York's Village Voice, a paper usually focused left center, reported recently that "it is surprising but apparently of common practice for doctors to take the freshly aborted fetus and prepare it for sale." The article also suggested that because of the higher sales value of developed fetuses, plus the higher fee charged for late abortions, some doctors may be encouraging abortions well beyond the first trimester, when "parts" of the fetus are more developed and thus more valuable to medical researchers. Last year the Washington Post did an expose of fetus sales at District of Columbia General Hospital. According to the Post, $68,000 was received for aborted fetuses, with much of the profit going to administrators of the hospital pathology department. It is indeed difficult to understand how a low and vile practice such as revealed by these two papers can be sanctioned even indirectly by the pro-abortion members of our federal congress or area legislatures. By supporting legalized abortion, they truly induced such repulsive and disgusting practices to become a reality. Keep this in mind when you read of one of our area elected officials supporting abortion legislation.

photom'editati,on 芦Expired" . . a costly mechanical judgment on a driver who parked too long. "Expired" ... a thought-provoking symbolic image 路 .. as a year of time ... with all ,its opportunities and frustrations ... passes. What was . . . is gone . . . never again to be in just the same way ... living on in its effects ... and in its memories. There was much that was good ... even very good 路 .. much that was bad ... some even tragic ... much to laugh at ... a great deal to cry about. We rejoice in the year's precious moments of joy . . . peace . . . love ... creativity . . . and regret the missed opportunities . . . the periods .of pain . . . the expressions of selfishness. For all its goodness and evil ... this year is gone 路 .. "Time Expired." ... a sobering exciting . reminder of how precious ...yet elusive a gift . is time. All that we have all that we can become ... receive or create is ours only in time's fleeting moments Time is a sacrament ... the "sacrament of the present moment" ... that can reveal and open to us ... the Presence of Him ... who is timeless ... yet with us in time. "Time Expired" echoes the urgency of Paul's exhortation ... "Now is the acceptable time! ... Now ... is the day of salvation!" (2 Corinthians 6,2).

Clarity, Fuzziness By Rev. John B. Sheerin, CSP

Along wjth other members of the Washington press corps, columnist Mary McGrory of the Washington Star contends that Carter's troubles derive in part from the fact that his staff is "overloaded with Georgians." The premise is that Carter's Georgian aides are babes-in-the-woods attempting to do the work of veteran politicians. At times the President's trumpet does have a squeaky sound. On Oct. 1 he angered American Jews by joining with the Soviets

in a joint U.S. Soviet statement on the Middle East that infuriated the Jews. Then he did handsprings by way of an explanation to the American Jews that didn't explain. Again, he hesitated and hemmed and hawed for five days when Sadat annnounced he was convening a peacemaking meeting at Cairo. He finally came through with a ringing endorsement of the Cairo meeting. At a press conference he not only called Sadat's visit to Jerusalem "an historic breakthrough in the search for a lasting peace" but he also praised Sadat's plan for

the ancho,(S) OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River , 410 Highland Avenue Fall River Mass. 02722 675-7151 PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., S.T.D.



Rev, John F. Moore. M,A. ~

Leary Presto. rail Rlvlr

the Cairo meeting: "The road to world peace which has already led to Jerusalem will now go to Cairo." It appears, however, that he or his aides had earlier tried to head off the Cairo conference and failing this, had sought to delay the meeting to accommodate the Soviet Union. Obfuscation, vacillation, hesitancy. At the press conference, he called attention to the clarity of Sadat's position, thus spotlighting by contrast his own fuzziness: "For the first time the Arab position on these controversial issues has been spelled out very clearly for worldwide understanding." All of which leads the American public to question the President's competence in foreign affairs and his ability to adjust to sudden crises. Aba Eban, former Foreign Minister of Israel, has been speaking to groups in the United States on Middle East issues. His clarity in stating his position is as well-defined as it is elegant. President Carter might take a few cues from Eban. At a breakfast meeting with editors and reporters of the Washington Post, Dec. I, the mellifluous Eban said that Begin has got "to find a way out of his own rhetoric." He was referring to Begin's claim that Israel must hold on to the West Bank as "its biblical heritage," come what may. The former Foreign Minister saw Begin's only way out of his difficulty as surrender of some part of this territory that the Palestinians want so badly. Begin belongs to the Likud Party. Eban to the Labor Party. Eban contended that the only alternatives are a change of Begin's policy on the West Bank or a change of government in Israel.

Necrology January 1 Rev. Jose Valeiro, 1955, Pastor, St. Elizabeth, Fall River Rev. Antonio M. Fortuna. 1956, Pastor, Immaculate Conception, New Bedford Rev. Francis R. Connerton. SS., STD, 1968, St. John's Seminary, Plymouth, Michigan Rev. Leo T. Sullivan, 1975. Pastor, Holy Name, New Bedford January 4 Rev. Eugene L. Dion, 1961. Pastor, Blessed Sacrament, Fall River THE ANCHOR Second Class Poslaee Paid al Fall River. Mass. Published every Thursday II 410 Highland Avenue, Fall River, Mus. 02712 by the Calholic Press of the Dioc'lI of fal> River. Subscription price by mail, Plllllllid $5.00 lief year.

BOSTON (NC) - A former bank official who confessed to embezzling $1 million from a mission fund run by a Catholic priest has been sentenced to four years in prison. Alfred W. Hall Jr., 43, had pleaded guilty to embezzling a total of $1.34 million, most of it from the Swedish Mission Fund held by Msgr. Walter J. Leach, 71, retired pastor of St. Ann's Church, Wollaston, Mass. In sentencing Hall, a former assistant treasurer of the Charleston Savings Bank, Judge Joseph L. Tauro called the thefts from Msgr. ,Leach and six of Hall's friends "a violation of trust and reprehensible." Hall's attorney, Eugene F. Sullivan, had urged Judge Tauro to grant probation so that Hall could support his family and keep them off welfare. The former banker had been offered a job as a laborer, Sullivan said. The attorney told Judge Tauro: "This man stands naked before you. Everything he ever had in this world is gone. Everything he ever earned through his own hard work or ill-gotten gains has been returned. He has no worldly goods." But the judge told Hall, the father of five: "I have absolutely no sympathy for you, but I do for your family. You will probably serve no more than 37 months in jail under federal parole guidelines. I hope on your return to society you spend your time not making it up to yourself, but to your family." Hall was allowed to remain with his family during the Christmas holidays and is to surrender to federal marshals on Jan. 3 for imprisonment.

Phantom Petition Just Won't Die WASHINGTON (NC) - Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus. But there is no Madalyn Murray O'Hair petition asking the Federal, Communications Commission (FCC) to ban all religious broadcasting. The myth of that petition threatens to live as long as the Santa Claus legend, but without making nearly as many people happy. There is no such petition.


The ANCHOR ••• Can You Open Your Heart to One of God's Special People?


THE ANCHORThurs., Dec. 29, 1977

Gets F'our Yea rs For Embezzling

ACHA Honors Three Scholars

AMONG PERSONS from the Attleboro area serving on committees for the Bishop's Charity Ball are, from left, Father Roger L. Gagne, St. Mark parish, Attleboro Falls, assistant area director for the Ball; Mrs .David B. Sellmeyer, St. Mary, Mansfield, president of the Attleboro District Council of Catholic Women; Miss Angela Medeiros, Our Lady of Mt. Carmel, Seekonk, a member of the Presente ~ Committee.

Ballroom Arrangements Being Planned Lincoln Park Ballroom in North Dartmouth will be the meeting place of over 125 persons at 1 p.m. on Sunday, Jan. 8, as they make arrangements of the scenario, decorations and props for the 23rd annual Bishop's Charity Ball on Friday, Jan. 13, from 8 p.m. to 1 a.m. Buddy Braga and his orchestra will play in the main ballroom from 8 p.m. to 8:45 p.m. and then provide music for dancing until 1 a.m. in the lounge. The Meyer Davis orchestra with Emery Davis as its leader will play from 9 p.m. to 1 a.m. in the main ballroom. The annual social event will honor the silver jubilee of the Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, Bishop of Fall River, as he celebrates 25 years in the priesthood. Proceeds of the Ball help fund summer camps for underprivileged and exceptional children

Stonehill Radio Hosts Meeting A 10-Watt Radio Convention, first of its kind in Southeastern Massachusetts, was sponsored earlier this month by WHSLFM of Stonehill College, North Easton. Representatives of all area college stations attended, among them Massasoit Community College, Southeastern Massachusetts University, Dean Junior College and Curry College. The purpose of the convention, organized by WSHL general manager Michael Alleva and public relations director Carleton Donchess, was to encourage an exchange of information among area college stations. They noted that since most stations have the same problems, sharing common solutions to these problems might benefit everyone involved. The convention is expected to become an annual event.

and the three Nazareth Hall Schools for exceptional children. The Charity Ball Booklet is being filled rapidly. Any person, group or organization wishing to be included may contact any member of the Council of Catholic Women, the Society of St. Vincent de Paul or the Ball Committe, or call or write to the Bishop's Charity Ball Head. quarters, 410 Iiighland Ave:, Fall River, 02722, tel. 676-8943. Tickets will be sent to those desiring places in the booklet according to the categories requested. Persons desiring tickets only may obtain them from

No Sick Pay, Just Seniority WASHINGTON (NC) - The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled 9-0 that employers can deny pregnant workers on leave sick pay but not seniority benefits. The decision builds on a controversial ruling the Court made last December holding that employers are not required by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to provide disability benefits for pregnant workers. The new ruling involves challenge to the Nashville Gas Co. which denied both sick pay and rights of seniority to pregnant workers on maternity leave. The court said the company had a right to refuse to extend the "benefits" of sick pay to the workers. But, the court said, denial of seniority rights resulted in an unfair burden for the pregnant women. Justice William Rehnquist, writing the court's opinion, said the company "has not merely refused to extend to women a benefit that men cannot and do not receive but has imposed on women a substantial burden that men need not suffer."

Om't Tell "A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops." - Henry Adams

committee members or at any Catholic rectory in the diocese. Each ticket admits two persons. Tickets will also be available at Lincoln Park on the night of the Ball.


DALLAS (NC) - The American Catholic Historical Association (ACHA), meeting in Dallas, has presented its annual awards to three scholars for their works on Catholic history. Sarah Rubin Blanshai, associate professor of history at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, was awarded the third annual Howard R. Marraro Prize, worth $500, for her book, "Perugia, 1260-1340: Conflict and Change in a Medieval Italian Urban Society." Timothy Tackett, assistant professor of history at Marquette Universfty, received the John Gilmary Shea Prize of $300 for his book, "Priest and Parish in Eighteenth-Century France: A Social and Political Study of the Curas (Priests) in a Diocese of Dauphine, 1750-1791." The Peter Guilday Prize of $100 was given to Mark A. Gabbert of the University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, for his article on "Bishop 'Avant Tout': Archbishop Sibour's Betrayal of the Second Republic." New association officers are J. Philip Gleason of the University of Notre Dame, president;' Msgr. Joseph N. Moody, Boston College, first vice-president; Sister Joan Bland, Trinity College, second vice-president.



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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur., Dec. 29, 1977

Denies That Birth Control Attitudes Are Changing By


search has been the target of irresponsible criticism by a Catholic bureaucrat, Msgr. James McHugh of the National Conference of Catholi~Bishops..


Westoff's most recent study confirms what anybody who has heard confessions or has looked Princeton University's at survey data knows: for all Professor Charles Westoff is practical purposes the church's one of the best sociologists ban on artificial birth control is in the country. In a discip- a dead letter. line permeated by anti-Cath- . He and his colleague, Elise olic feeling he is totally innocent _ Jones, say, "Almost all Catholic women married after 1966of that bias. 1970 have abandoned church Unlike most sociologists, however, Charles Westoff has ex- teaching on birth control by the cellent reason for being anti- time they have been married 10 Catholic. Twice his careful re- years." Of course, projection



Herewith a personal balance sheet at the close of 1977: ASSETS: One husband loving, encouraging, patient (beyond the call of duty), possessing an incredible faith in God and willing to share it with anyone who wants to listen, objective, honest, loyal ... and he likes being with me. Ten children - eight that I have raised and two new daugthters added this year (sons' mar-

riages are much easier than pregnancies). All individualistic, so it is impossible to attach one virtue to all of them other than that they are good kids. Singularly, they are creative, affectionate, open, fun to be with, enlivening, rejuvenating, challenging, loving, stimulating, heartening, appreciative, idealistic, charming, responsible, comfortable, inspiring, imaginative, devoted, courageous, spirited . . . beautiful people. One home comfortable, warm, strong . . . crammed full of memories, hopes and dreams. One car - runs - usually. One me - entrusted by God to do some special job for Him, a job that He keeps changing, developing, expanding.

based on present trends might change. Those Catholics who are practicing birth control now might change their minds and a new generation of Catholics might come along and enthusiastically embrace the old birth control doctrine. Both events seem extremely unlikely. But Msgr. McHugh, in an incredibly fatuous critique of the Westoff-Jones report, alleged that he was optimistic that the church's stand on family planning will gain more adherents. The 1960s, he argued, was a special decade in which there was an expectation of change in the birth control doctrine.

Msgr. McHugh then asserts that there is a "greater interest in the church's teaching on marriage and family life." The only evidence of this greater interest he cites is the marriage encounter movement. One is appalled at such an argument. Is Msgr. McHugh trying to persuade us that the marriage encounter movement seriously attempts to reverse the decision of the Catholic laity on birth control? Does he take on the country'~ most competent fertility researcher and offer unspeakably bad advice to the national hierarchy about directions of the thinking of the Catholic laity

based entirely on the very slender reed of the marriage encounter movement and that. movement's alleged (though invisible) success in reversing the laity's thinking on birth control?

LIABILITIES: One husbandwho never puts the car keys back on the hook, mechanical abilities limited to calling a repairman, inclined to forget that bank statement reconciliations are much more easily done if all entries are made in the checkbook, has yet to appreciate the wholesale fun and togetherness of family projects such as redecorating the living room.

l1ealth - if I catch them. Twenty years isn't enough time to teach them all I'd like them to know before they are on their own ... but then 80 years probably wouldn't be enough either. And there are some things that are impossible to teach . . . like trying to explain having just become a young lady to a retarded ll-year-old who still doesn't understand why she must wear shoes in the winter and pajamas at night.

One car - that is convinced it was not meant to start its day in the morning, that purrs while I talk to a mechanic, and balks and growls in the middle of major intersections . . . but it matches our house. The roof leaks and the paint is peeling on the car too. One me - who has absolutely no concept of time, and am convinced I can do anything. NET WORTH: One family striving, growing, learning, improving, caring, faltering and starting again, known and loved by God for all eternity. Since our gross national product is love, sharing, understanding, and caring (and these aren't devaluated by inflation) the operation is sound. It's been a good year.

Ten children - still haven't learned the amenities of life like putting car keys back on the hook, squeezing tooth paste from the bottom of the tube, putting scissors back where they belong. They have not learned that eating peanut butter sandwiches a half hour before dinner can be dangerous to their

One home - that has excellent circulation of air in the winter, a roof that leaks only in a few places, paint that comes off faster than wet mittens, appliances that are the major factor in our repairman's retirement plan.

In a recent study done in the archdiocese of Chicago, only 17 percent of Catholic adults were found to support the teaching of "Humanae Vitae." Is that a sign of reversal? Msgr. McHugh may actually believe what he says. Then he is surely one of the most incompetent and uninformed bureaucrats serving the American hierarchy. What else is new?

Naive To Think Abortion Solely Catholic Issue "Catholic" issue in the sense that Catholic moral teaching is clear in condemning abortion; JIM but within the political arena, it . takes a certain degree of naivete CASTELLI or calculation to believe that abortion is solely a Catholic issue. WASHINGTON (NC) - MilA later CBS report made much lions of Americans were no of the fact that 60 percent of doubt surprised one day in late the House conferees on the November to- hear CBS anchor- Medicaid abortion issue were man Walter Cronkite, by some Catholic while only 30 percent accounts the most trusted men of the House is Catholic. The in America, promise a. story that National Organization of Womwould give both sides of the en has said that the 119 CathMedicaid abortion fight - the olic House members have voted proabortion side and the "Cath- two-to-one against Medicaid olic" side. funding of abortion. (The 13 But it is both inaccurate and Senate Catholics are almost dangerous to label abortion a evenly divided on the issue). If NOW is correct, it means "Catholic" issue. Abortion is a By


One of the most consistent problems of amateur gardeners is what to do with overgrown- foundation plantings. Most of these are set out by contractors tidying up a home prior to sale and their choices

are often unwise. What happens is that greens grow completely out of scale with the smaller, newer homes and in many cases have a dwarfing effect on houses. Frankly, nothing can be done but to remove them and start from scratch with a new planting. With this in mind for my own home, I have been growing quite a few dwarf evergreens and low-growing azaleas and dwarf rhododendrons for the not-

that some 120 House members who are not Catholics have consistently opposed Medicaid abortion funding. A good case can be made that antiabortion sentiment is at least as strong among evangelicals as among Catholics. 'It is also inaccurate to believe that all Catholics think a constitutional amendment and a ban on Medicaid abortion funds are the best political solutions to the abortion problem. The National Committee for a Human Life Amendment, an independent organization supported primarily by contributions from individual bishops, did not enter the debate until about a year-and-a-half ago. There are several dangers in

too-distant future. The last two are excellent for foundation plantings since they add color. Although both these flowering shrubs may be grown in shade, they do as well or better in sunny locations providing they have some wind protection. Dwarf evergreens, however, are prohibitive in price if bought fully grown. The term dwarf applies here to those plants greatly reduced from the normal size of the present variety. For instance, dwarf sequoias can be purchased

characterizing opposition to abortion as a "Catholic" issue. First, doing so creates division along specifically religious lines and feeds the anti-Catholic nativist bigotry that many think lies dormant in America. Another danger is that labeling abortion a "Catholic" problem makes it easy to pigeonhole and dismiss. This aspect of the debate is significant beyond questions of abortion law because it seems to be having an impact on efforts to develop "alternatives to abortion." For example, an HEW task abortion alternatives concluded that the only real "alternatives to abortion" are "suicide, motherhood, and, some would say,_ madness."

which grow only to a height of 50 feet. I mention this only to put dwarfness in perspective, that is, the size of a dwarf in any variety will be proportionate to the original plant. I have mentioned that the dwarf varieties are expensive and they truly are. With this in mind I have been buying two or three plants a year and starting them in the garden. By buying them small and growing them

This quote made great headlines, giving the impression that the task force concluded that there is a sort of inevitability about abortion and reducing the impact of recommendations from another HEW task force with more positive recommendations. That other task force, dealing with teenage pregnancies, made a number of recommendations on ways to help teenagers avoid unwanted pregnancies and to allow them to give birth to their children instead of aborting. But is may be difficult to gainsupport for any such initiative. HEW Secretary Joseph Califano's opposition to abortion is not shared by many high-level HEW officials.

in my own garden I am saving a considerable amount while having the pleasure of watching them grow. A weeping 'hemlock, for instance, was recently advertised for $30 fully grown as a dwarf specimen, while I have one in my garden which is four years old and cost only $3 as a potted plant. If you are interested in dwarfplantings, please write to me for a list of places to inquire for catalogs.


Social Justice Continued from Page One the preferences and priorities of god." He continued: "This permanently obliges Christians, who want to follow the master's footsteps, to be particularly attentive to the most needy of their brothers and to translate the social appeal into the concrete life of every day. "This perennial Christian duty," the cardinal said, "changes its incarnations and expressions in the course of ages and according to the social context and events of the moment. For us at the end of this year, this duty has its place in the midst of the grave economic crisis of the world which is causing before our eyes so much distress and anxiety." Cardinal Suenens then referred to growing unemployment and inflation and the personal and social problems resulting from them. The reforms that governments must carry out, he said, need the suport of public opinion. The long-range reforms consist, the cardinal said, in repudiating "the structural injustice of a society built on ruthless rivalry and on the search for profit as a goal to which spiritual and human values are sacrificed." The present crisis calls into question the very bases of industrial society, Cardinal Suenens said. The Cardinal invited Christians to reread the Gospel with new eyes, not to find prefabricated and technical answers, but to find inspiration capable of guiding action and to find human solidarity and a more sober and more human style of life.

Pontiff Continued from Page One most vulnerable sector of society" in regard to violence, "but likewise the hope of a better tomorrow." "You children of a new age get used to loving everybody, to giving our society the appearance of a community which is more noble, more honest, more unified," wrote the 80-year-old Pope to children. "You children are often led to quarrel," he continued. "Remember: It is harmful vanity to want to appear stronger than your brothers and sisters and friends by quarreling, fighting and giving way to anger and revenge .... "If you want to be strong, be so in spirit and behavior. Learn to control yourselves, learn now to forgive and quickly make friends again with those who have offended you," said the Pope.

Score Racism LONDON (NC) - The Christian churches in Britain are warning their members against racism, especially against the attempts of organizations such路 as the National Front to stir up racial hatred. In independent but almost simultaneous statements the British Council of Churches and the Catholic bishops of England and Wales declared that racial discrimination or intolerance are contrary to the Gospel.


Thurs., Dec. 29, 1977


Honorary Degree PHILADELPHIA (NC) - Cardinal John Krol of Philadelphia, who is of Polish descent, has received an honorary degree in theology from the Catholic University of Lublin, the only church-run university in a communist country. He received the degree during a six-day trip to Poland.

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COUGHLIN AFTER DEDICATING the renovated orthopedic unit of St. Anne's Hospital, Fall River, Bishop Cronin visited patients, including Mrs. Lucille Savino of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel parish, Bristol, R.T. The nrelate r.alled the extensive modernization project a proof of the hospital's hope and faith for the future.

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Fides Founder, Father Considine Continued from Page One He initiated the Fides Service at the direction of the then Prefect of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, Cardinal Willem Van Rossum, and served as its director until 1934. The Maryknoller is now 80 and living in retirement at the Maryknoll motherhouse in New York. He was an early member of the Missionary Society and after his ordination in 1923, came to Rome, where he helped organize a 1925 Vatican Mission Exhibition. In 1925 too he published "A Window on the World," the first of his many books on the missions. A 1927 leaflet setting out the aims of Fides states: "Fides Service will at present seek to provide to the Propagation of the Faith directors of the world two classes of publicity material: (1) news copy and photos, the timelessness of which is such that they will be valuable not only for the Annals but for the non-mission press of each country; and (2) studies of contemporary mission conditions, of re-

Dayan To Meet Continued from Page One In December, Pope Paul sent a special message, as yet still secret, to the Cairo Mideast conference sponsored by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. Sources in Rome say that the message focused on the Vatican's hopes for the City of Jerusalem. Pope Paul met in 1970 with then Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban. In 197'3 the Pope held a stormy meeting with then Prime Minister Golda Meir.

Vincentians Greater Fall River Vincentians will meet for Mass at 7 p.m. Tuesday, Jan. 3 at St. John the Baptist Church, Central Village. The meeting will follow.

Iigious and social affairs throughout the world so far as

FR. JOHN CONSIDINE they affect the conversion of non-Christians."

The first Fides news bulletins were issued on Dec. 20, 1927, in English and French. An Italian bulletin was started in 1929, a Spanish in 1930, and a German in 1932. All have continued to the present day. During 1941 to 1945 the service continued but was reduced because of wartime problems. In 1946 it again began appearing regularly and since 1961 has been issued twice a week. Father Considine was director of the Service from 1927 to 1934, after which he became a General Assistant in the Maryknoll Society and its Vicar General from 1943 to 1946. He later organized the Latin American Bureau of the U.S. Bishops' Conference, was on the National Advisory Council of the U.S. Peace Corps, taught at the Maryknoll seminary, edited the Maryknoll mission magazine, and travelled in the missions for material for his many books.

HEW Head Lists Continued from Page One cess. "If we cannot guarantee right decisions, we can guarantee that we decide in the right way. This means decisions made democratically through wide consultation, not by special elites." - These questions should be debated in the open. "Decisionmakers in science and medicine must learn the hard lesson that politicians have absorbed in recent years: closed doors breed distrust - even if what happens behind those doors is perfectly legitimate. Perhaps our people cannot share in the making of every big decision, but they should at least see them made." - "We should resist the temptation to give glib answers to unanswerable questions." On questions "which have no

single, ready answer . . . it is important, I think, to go slow. We should hope for moderate progress through consensus, rather than pressing impatiently for national solutions. This may seem leaving some difficult questions to be answered in different ways by different communities." - "The institutions we create to help make the difficult technical, political and moral choices posed by expanding scientific knowledge must be broadly based. "Whether they be hospital ethics committees, peer review boards or biohazard councils the institutions chosen to wrestle with these questions should represent us all, all the varied beliefs and values that compete in America . . . OtherWise, our decisions are likely to reflect not consensus but bias."





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Pope, at 80, Sti II Going Strong By John Muthig

VATICAN CITY (NC) -The semi-circle of hair left to him has turned snow white. When walking, he drags his arthritic right leg and sometimes needs the help of two aides when descending stairs. The restrained Montini smile is seen much less often. Yet at age 80, Pope Paul VI has proven himself to be very much in control of the papal office which he has held for almost a decade and a half. The pope, chosen "personality of the year" by NC News' client editors, has taken a number of decisive actions in 1977. Just four months before celebrating his 80th birthday, Pope Paul surprised many Vatican watchers by removing his closest aide, Archbishop (now Cardinal) Giovanni Benelli, from the kingpin position of undersecretary of state in the Vatican bureaucracy. The move came shortly after Canadian Bishop Edouard Gag· non had handed over to the pope a report based on interviews with Curia officials. The officials haa beenhighJy critical of Archbishop Benellis tendency to meddle in even the smal1est affairs of various Vatican offices. Pope Paul appointed as Archbishop Benelli's successor Archbishop Giuseppe Caprio who has unleashed offices. of the Curia from the tight control of the Secretariat of State. While under considerable public pressure to retire at age 80, the pope resolved to keep up the back-breaking pace of the papacy. Almost as if on a dare, the pope decided in September to preside at the final Mass of the Italian National Eucharistic Congress in Pescara, on Italy's Ad-

riatic shore. Many newspapers had speculated that the pontiff was too old to attempt the trip. Hindered by age and arthritis from carrying out a vigorous public ministry, the pope carried forward an intricate network of diplomatic initiatives which he has been developing since he first received the tiara. On Dec. 9, for example, the pope solemnly received the credentials of new ambassadors from three countries. (Since becoming pope, he has established diplomatic ties with 34 nations, most of them in the Third World.) That same day, he ordered a

Vatican Mideast specialist, Msgr. Francesco Monterisi, to take a special papal message to Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's Cairo conference on peace in t-he Middle East. . Several days later, the pope received in audience MelchiteRite Archbishop Hilarion Capucci, released from an Israeli prison through papal diplomatic initiatives. The archbishop had been convicted of smuggling guns to the Palestinians. In the days before Christmas, world leaders were receiving special editions of the pope's message for the World Day of Peace (Jan. I).

As is his custom, the pope was scheduled to receive both the Col1ege of Cardinals and the papal diplomatic corps at Christmas time to speak to them about current world problems. _. "The pope never misses an opportunity to intervene in some way in international life," says one close papal aide. "Never does a day go by that we can't learn some lesson in diplomacy from the pope." This year the Montini diplomatic style seems to have paid dividends in a major internal church controversy as wel1 the rebellion of French tradition· alist Archbishop Marcel Lefeb-



I 1


pope's decision to go slow and bide his time in the Lefebvre case has avoided the drama of a papal excommunication for the archbishop. The Lefebvre movement continues, but world attention to it has been reduced. While there is no denying that Pope Paul is holding his own in mind and memory at age 80, observers of the pope say his' vigor and energy have slowly, progressively declined. Rarely now does his voice carry the marks of enthusiasm, anger, sweetness, and intensity which it once conveyed. He smiles and laughs rarely in public now. The pope's arthritic condition has worsened and sometimes his voice betrays the effects of heavy medication. After careful consideration and prayer, the 263rd pope determined in 1977 that the papacy is a cross which only death should remove from its bearer's shoulders. That decision is surely debat· able. Yet the courage which led Paul VI to make it can only be admired.

What Is the Catechetical Directory? The National Catechetical Directory which won approval from the country's bishops at their annual fall meeting gives the United States a yardstick by which all religious education can be judged. The directory, entitled, "Sharing the Light of Faith," will, upon approval from the Vatican, become the foundation fC!r every religious education program in the country - from those aimed at pre-schoolers to those aimed at adults. With the far-reaching changes in Church practices and the shifting of emphasis that came folIowing the Second Vatican Council, religious education underwent a period of uncertainty. The Baltimore Catechism that had served since 1885 felI into disuse, to be replaced by various catechisms, all of which had in common an inability to gain general acceptance. But the document which the bishops hope will end the uncertainty is not itself a cate·chism. While it does contain statements of what is to be transmitted in religious education

programs, it goes beyond those to deal with teaching methods, who should be taught, organization and structure or programs and other aspects of catechesis. According to the directory, "Not alI parts of this document are of equal importance. The teaching of the Church in regard to revelation and the Christian message is to be held by all," but other parts, including such matters at stages of human development, methodology, organization and structures, resources, etc., (are) subject to change in light of new knowledge." Catholic catechetics must include certain elements, according to the directory. Here are some examples: - "Prayers such as the Sign of the Cross, the Lord's Prayer, the Hail Mary, the Apostles' Creed, the Acts of Faith, Hope and Charity, the Act of Contrition. - "Factual information contributing to an appreciation of the place of the Word of God in the Church and the life of the Christian through an awareness and appreciation of: (I) The

key themes of the history of salvation. (2) The major personalities of the Old and New Testaments. (3) Certain biblical texts expressive of God's love and care. Regarding worship, the Church year, and major practices in the devotional life of Christians: (1) The parts of the Mass. (2) The list of the sacraments. (3) The liturgical seasons. (4) The holy days of obligation. (5) The major feasts of Our

Lord and Our Lady. (6) The various Eucharistic devotions. (7) The mysteries of the rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary. (8) The Stations of the Cross. - "Formulas and practices dealing with the moral life of Christians: (I) The commandments. (2) The pestitudes. (3) The gifts of the Holy Spirit. (4) The theological and moral virtues. (5) The precepts of the Church. (6) The examination of conscience."

F'ope Looks Toward Common Eucharist VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope Paul VI told Greek Orthodox Metropolitan Meliton of his hopes that upcoming CatholicOrthodox dialogue will clear away obstacles to a common Eucharist. Official dialogue sessions, which are now being planned by the two churches, "make us hope that the difficulties which do not alIow us yet to concelebrate the Eucharist will be overcome," said the Pope to the metropolitan. At the Second Vatican Council the Church declared that in

cases of pastoral need there was no objection from the Catholic side to the idea of a Catholic sharing in the Orthodox Eucharist or of an Orthodox believer sharing in the Catholic Eucarist. The Orthodox, however, did not reciprocate. They do not consider it permissable for a Catholic to share in the Orthodox Eucharist or for an adherent of Orthodoxy to participate in the Catholic Eucharist. S~rt

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur., Dec. 29, 1977


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Two Priests Serve Unique 'Parish' By Pat McGowan

Father Robert J. Carter and Father John A. Gomes are responsible for a unique "parish," most of whose members are here today and gone tomorrow. Coordinators of Catholic ministry at the Union-Truesdale Hospital, Fall River, they serve a 506-bed institution with a constantly changing patient population. Their presence since June at the hospital is part of a growing recognition on both the diocesan and national level of the importance of ministry to the sick. It is generally realized, said

the priests, that the experience of illness, more than most others, includes many "teachable moments" during which a caring minister can deeply touch a patient and often his or her family and friends. A busy parish priest simply cannot give hospital ministry the time it requires, hence the increase across the nation of chaplains whose sole duty is the care of souls at the time of illness or death. Other chaplains in the diocese are Father Edmund J. Fitzgerald who is diocesan coodinator of pastoral care for the sick as well as leader of the pastoral team at St. Anne's Hospital, Fall River; Father Kevin F. Tripp, in charge of services at St. Luke's Hospital, New Bedford; and Father William T. Babbitt, at Morton Hospital, Taunton. It is hoped that fulltime pastoral services will eventually be offered at all hospitals within the diocese. The specialized ministry does not however, supplant the role of the parish priest. agree the chaplains. A patient's "own" priest, familiar to him from his parish, provides a special consolation that a new person cannot offer, they point out, stressing that no pastor or curate should feel his importance is lessened because around the

clock priestly presence is available in a hospital. Pastoral Team Father Carter and Father Gomes, who are in residence at Sacred Heart rectory, Fall River, have a small office at the Union division of Union-Truesdale. They are usually in either the Union or Truesdale buildings, which are about a mile and a half apart, from 9 to 5 daily, although one or other is on emergency call around the clock, and Father Gomes is often called on to translate for Portuguese patients. The priests aim at visiting every patient at least twice a week, more often if necessary. They are assisted in their rounds by a team of teaching Sisters and Brothers, all extraordinary ministers of the Eucharist, each of whom volunteers an afternoon a week to the hospital apostolate. They would be happy to expand the team and see the permanent deacons who will soon be serving the diocese as a possible source of new members. Certain situations are top priority, said the priests. They are always called for critical emergency room or intensive care situations and they do their best to be with families at the time of a patient's death. They find such moments "draining but rewarding," said Father Carter, adding that it is often a "joyous and faith-deepening experience to see how people share with other family members at times of crisis," He mentioned especially several occasions on which families had spontaneously joined hands and prayed at the bed of a dying person, pointing out that people should realize that although a patient may not be able to speak, he can often hear, and realize that prayer is being offered for him. Father Gomes spoke too of the ministry of laying on of hands as one often mentioned in the gospels, which has recently received renewed therapeutic attention. "The healing power of a simple touch is important," he

said. "Often a patient cannot communicate, but simply sitting by his bed holding his hand indicates caring," Most people, said the priests, are not upset at a suggestion that they receive the sacrament of the sick. "They are getting away from the idea that it means they are going to die," said Father Gomes. The priests, both ordained eight years, work as a team. "It's a shared ministry," said Father Carter. "We work and pray together," They do some followup visiting on discharged patients, they said, and also feel that the 1700 employees at Union-Truesdale Hospital are part of their responsibility. "We're available for confessions and counseling," said Father Gomes, "and we expect to offer an adult education program for staff members, centering on spiritual and ethi~al problems arising in the hospital setting," Also for staff members is a 3:45 p.m. Saturday Mass, while ambulatory patients may attend an 11 a.m. Sunday Mass, both at the Union division. In everything, the aim of the chaplains is expressed in the title of a booklet of scriptural readings they distribute to patients: "To Heal As Jesus Did,"

Pro-Life Seminarians EMMITSBURG, Md. (NC) A national organization of prolife seminarians, called Seminarians for Life, has been established through the efforts of several students at Mount St. Mary's Seminary in Emmitsburg. They have recruited a national advisory board of 24 pro-life leaders, including five bishops, several seminary professors, doctors, lawyers and such prolife activists as Ellen McCormack, Nellie Gray and Randy Engel. "We don't know where all ~:,is will lead," said William Ryan, chairman," one thing we do know. The Lord is with us. This is His work we are doing."


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of word liturgy charity By Father John F. Moore Permanent Diaconate Diocesan Director As conceived by the Council Fathers and perceived historically, the deacon is not simply "another rung between the laity and the Hierarchy." He is not a lay deacon. There is no such character in the Catholic Church. All deacons are clerics, therefore permanent deacons will be clergymen. Although for the most part retaining the laymen's role in the world, they will not, be laymen in the eyes of the Church. It must be emphasized that the permanent diaconate is a clerical state. To be sure, there are some dangers that deacons will face in relation to the negative aspects of clericalism and the "ordained" caste. They may be looked upon by some of our more "avant" parishioners with envious suspicion. A cleric, however, is not a person who by reason of his

vocation should feel that he ought to be isolated and insulated from the people of a given parish. It is true that we have many weekend clerics in the Church. These men will certainly be challenged by the ministry of the permanent deacon. That is why it is important for today's parish priest to recognize this new dimension of the Orders that he himself has not actually experienced in this diocese. The day is soon coming, however, when priests will have to realize that there will be other ordained clerics in the diocese, who will be their brothers in the Sacrament of Orders. This will perhaps be the most difficult adjustment today's priests will have to make. But once this new reality has been accepted in the light of the Church's teachings and the concrete fact of presence, any obstacles that threaten a brotherly relationship between priest and deacon will be dissolved. Working, praying and sharing together, priest and deacon will bring to this tired old world a new transfusion of the Gospel spirit and a revitalized presence of Christ in daily witness. Yes, there will be moments when adjustments will have to be made and a bit of understanding offered between priest and deacon. However, in the long run, their shared sacramental ministry of Orders will help both to realize their common goal of building the body of Christ. Readers with questions con· cErning the permanent diaconate may write to Father Moore at P. O. Box 7, Fall River, 02722.

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MILWAUKEE (NC) - Prolifers must find ways to upgrade the value of children if they hope to stem the abortion tide, according to a University of Southern California professor. Dr. Edward F. Lenoski, who teaches pediatrics, pointed to the comic strip character, "Dennis the Menace," and Red Skelton's "noisy little kid" as examples of negative images of children. "People who· support abortion are those who have had kids and don't want others . . . Threefourths of the women who have abortions have two or three other children at home. They don't want to put up with any others," he explained. Dr. Lanoski spoke at the annual fund-raising dinner of the Wisconsin Citizens Concerned for Life. Children can be divided into three categories, he said: the young, those under six; the middle aged, those in grades on~ through six; and the old, usually known as adolescents. Children should be spanked only for serious offences connected with rules for safety, he said. Transgressions such as spitting, and throwing food should be dealt with through instruction and banishment into a corner. Middle-aged children who are lonely should be given noncompetitive attention, he said. "That means you and your child by yourselves, not watching television or bringing along another brother or sister to join in the play." "Old children suffer from the same problems as old adults," he said. "But a grandmother can get the wrinkles removed from her face with much less difficulty than an adolescent with acne." Teenagers can have other, easily treated problems - -60 percent of 17 year olds in one study were found to have sight deficiencies, he said. Parents should be alert to what their children are saying, he said. "When they ask how their hair looks, or what kind of dress they should wear, or if they look all right, pay attention. These are things that are bothering them and they want to talk about them." According to the doctor, "The highest suicide rates in our country are among old children and old adults. We must work to increase the value of children today. "If these negative attitudes aren't stamped out, the abortion rate will continue to grow."

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"WORKING, PRAYING and sharing together, priest and deacon will bring to this tired old world a new transfusion of the Gospel spirit and a revitalized presence of Christ in daily witness." Richard W. Daw, National Catholic News Service editor in chief and a candidate for the permanent diaconate of the Washington, D.C. archdiocese, discusses NC facilities with Archbishop Jean Jadot, apostolic delegate in the United States, and Bishop Andre-Marie Deskur, president of the Pontifical Commission for Social Communcation. (NC News Photo)

VATICAN CITY (NC) L'Osservatore Romano, the 116year-old Vatican City daily newspaper, is about to change editors. No official announcement has been made yet, but Raimondo Manzini, 76, the editor, has spoken informally about his resignation, saying Vatican authorities had asked him to stay on. ",But at my age," he added, "I have a right to a bit of rest." The man to succeed him is Valerio Volpini, 54, now on the L'Osservatore staff.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur., Dec. 29, 1977

Youth Problems Study Planned

Question (orner ?•

By Father John Dietzen Q. What is the Catholic Church's view on the miracle services perfonned on television by many ministers? I know that whenever there is an alleged miracle with the Catholic Church, much proof is needed before it is claimed authentic. But is this really necessary if there is simple faith that God can and will heal? Why cannot we just accept these heatings as the real thing without all the proof? (Tex.) A. The Catholic Church surely does believe that miracles of healing are not only possible, but are perhaps much more frequent than many of us suspect. The rite for the sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick, for example, clearly states the Church's prayer and expectations for healings of various kinds, as a result of the petitions made by the people of God. The Church is concerned in the matter, however, because true miracles (healing or otherwise) are not simply haphazard, frivolous intrusions by God into nature. As Jesus made clear, miracles are, above all signs, signs of our Heavenly Father's presence and His approval and "authentication" of the person or truth in whose favor the miracle was performed. This is why He once told the people, "If you do not believe me, believe the works that I do." In other words, His miracles showed that Jesus was the messenger and Son of God He claimed to be. As you must be aware, experience has taught us that many things can appear to be miracles when they are not. "Mysterious" cures can often have quite nonmiraculous physical or psychological explanation. Certain religious con-men have sometimes


staged outright fake "miracles" to establish their religious credentials. Thus, the Church intends no disrespect to God or man when it exercises - and suggests caution in accepting at face JOHN McCARTHY, direcvalue every apparent miracle that comes along. It has too tor of migration and refugee much belief in God's power to services for the U.S. Cathallow supposed exercises of that olic Conference, calls the power to be used as entertaining curiosities or religious gim- plight of the wandering "boat people" of Vietnam micks. Q. A friend of mine, a div- "the worst refugee situation orced Catholic, will be celebra- since World War II. ting the 25th anniversary of her second marriage soon. Would it be a sin if I attended the celebration. (Fla.) A. Such decisions can cause SAN FRANCISCO (NC) - A us concern, but it isn't a question of sin or not. You obvious- bloodless bull fight, sponsored ly are giving it serious thought by Portuguese Catholics, took and want to do the right thing. . place at South San Francisco's The question is rather, "What Cow Palace, despite the wrath is the better thing to do?" After of hundreds of animal lovers 25 years, the likelihood that §he throughout California and bewill interpret your presence as yond. The event was part of a fundyour personal approval of her raiser organized by St. Elizawhole past life is small indeed. beth's Portuguese parish in SacIt would be considered a gesture ramento, marking its annual obof friendliness for the couple. Unless you feel other circum- servance of the feast of Our stances involved should strong- Lady of Fatima. The organizers emphasized ly influence you, make your decision on the basis of your that none of the bulls would be friendship and support for her. killed or injured in any way. Humane society officials were Q. We recently saw reference present to ensure the series of in a news article to Cardinal seven bull fights would be Mindszenty. Is he still alive, and bloodless. However, advance noif so, where does he live? (Mass.) tice of the event raised the hackIes of animal lovers, and the A. Cardinal Josef Mindszenty of Hungary died in Vienna in archdiocese of San Francisco 1975. He left his native country was inundated with letters and in 1971 on orders from Pope phone calls protesting the event. Father Valdemiro Fagundes, Paul, after nearly 30 years of persecution and imprisonment pastor of St. Elizabeth's, said there probably would be no by Communist governments. profit from the fights and they (Questions for this' column would be lucky to break even. should be sent to Father Diet- He added: "We'll have to think zen, c/o The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, long and hard before we decide Fall River, Mass. 02722. whether to try and do it again."

BOYS' TOWN, Neb. (NC) The new $10 million Boys' Town Center for the Study of Youth Development will provide research on major youth problems, focusing on rehabilitation and prevention, Boys' Town officialo; said. Branch units of the youth development research program, to which Boys' Town has made a 25-year, $40 million commitment, are located at Catholic University in Washington, D.C., and Stanford University in Palo Alto, Calif. The 60-member staff at the new center is headed by Ron-

aid A. Feldman, former acting dean of professor at the George Warren Brown School of Social Work at Washington University, St. Louis, who believes the center is unique in this country in its comprehensive approach to studying major problems of youth development. "There is no organization in the nation which currently focuses in similar scope upon youth development from the in· terrelated perspectives of reo search, research use, public service, training, and working con· ferences," Feldman said.

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823·7380 Bonded Locksmiths STONEHILL COLLEGE STUDENTS forewent a meal recently, contributed the $850 saved to the Campaign for Human Development of Catholic Relief Services. At presentation ceremony, from left, John F. Robison of campus food services department; Father Peter N. Graziano, diocesan director of social services; Kathleen Divaio of campus ministry Social Action Committee; Father Kenneth J. Silvia, CSC, campus ministry director.







THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur., Dec. 29, 1977


Meeting Needs

The Eastern Schism

By Msgr. Joseph Champlin

By Father Alfred McBride

St. Margaret's Church at Mattydale. on the outskirts of Syracuse, N.Y., is a typically suburban parish - massive in size, diverse in attitudes, abounding in children. Father John Roark, the pastor, leads a staff of two other priests, a full-time coordinator of religious education, a director of human development and other personnel. They work well as a team and, despite natural differences of opinion on certain approaches, basically share a Vatican II inspired orientation of parish programs. Bringing together and moving ahead 2,700-plus families represents, however, a difficult and delicate task. The bulk of parishioners undoubtedly approve the changes introduced since the Second Vatican Council. Nevertheless, a significant minority probably resent many or most of the new developments and occasionally articlilate their opposition. Only frequent staff meetings keep that extensive team at St. Margaret functioning smoothly. Members gather every two weeks for a two-hour session, and the priests also meet on the alternate weeks. Both meetings begin with recitation of a section from the Church's official prayer book. This reminds all that the Lord is present in their midst, that it is His work they are about. One wonders how large parishes can operate efficiently and peacefully without such regular staff sessions. Nevertheless, even more is needed for a community of believers to have a sense of overall direction. The weekly meetings tend to treat day-by-day details; long-range goals and objectives require a different kind of session. At St. Margaret's the staff assembles twice a year at the pastor's cottage for an all-day program, setting schedules for the months ahead, evaluating of the parish's condition and making projections Qr plans for future efforts. The meeting concludes with some recreation, a happy hour, and dinner at a local restaurant. This pray, work, play combination does draw the parish team closer together.

From that fourth century day when the power and glory of the empire shifted from Rome to Constantinople, bad blood grew between the Latin and Greek cultures. This hostility affected the respect of the eastern empire for the west, weakened the authority of Rome and set in motion a series of quarrels that resulted in a total schism in 1042. A further reason for the great divide was due to Rome's need to pick up the pieces after the fall of the west, establish some rudimentary law and order, encourage the work of the Benedictines and undertake the pacification and evangelization of western Europe north of the Alps. Projects so vast absorbed the full attention and imagination of the Roman Church for over a thousand years. Little time was left for fence mending and dialogue with the eastern wing of the Church, going its own way in theological and cultural expression. Hence, when the Pope did decide to take a hand in the affairs of the Church at Constantinople, the results were often clumsy and counterproductive. The great distances, the difficulty of communications and the major distraction of creating a Church out of tribal peoples continuously weakened Rome's position with Constantinople. In 1042, Michael Cerularius became patriarch of Constantinople. As he pondered the centuries old de facto rift with Rome, he decided to formalize the break with the Holy Sea. He closed the Latin churches and persecuted the Latin Christians Rome ignored the schism for a long while, but finally appointed its own bishop for Latin Christians residing in Constantinople. The break was symbolized in theological terms by the debate about the "filiogue clause." The eastern Church accused the west of corrupting the creed by adding "filiogue" (and the Son). This means that Rome was saying that the Holy Spirit proceeded from both the Father and the Son. The clause was not in the original creed. Rome claimed that it did not corrupt, but simply clarified the meaning of Trinitarian relations. Much more devastating, however, was the sack of Constantinople in 1204 by the Crusaders. The soldiers pillaged the city remorselessly, tearing down the magnificent tapestries in St. Sophia and ripping apart the silver inconostasis (altar screen). They mounted a prostitute on the patriarch's throne and toasted her with a rude song, desecrated sacred books and drank altar wine out of the chalices. They installed a Latin emperor on the throne of Constantinople

Additionally, to engage the 19-member parish council actively in the process of setting goals forSt. Margaret's, Father Roark arranged an overnight prograll} for them at a retreat house, ouring which they discussed the present and future of their parish and returned home having determined two goals for the next year: to build a tighter faith community and to raise the congregation's consciousness of what the term Church means.

Changes in the Church By William E. May There is no doubt that some people have strenuously resisted changes within the Church since Vatican II. One immediately thinks of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre and the movement he has initiated. Yet little good would be done were we to spend time attempting to identify those who have resisted the changes of the past decade or so. It is more profitable to reflect on the subject of change in the Church and the attitudes that ought to be taken toward it. Basically the Church cannot help changing because it is a living reality, and change is the hallmark of all living things. The crucial question has to do with the nature of change. We ourselves inescapably change, but we hope that our changes are for the better, not the worse. The same is true of the Church. But to determine whether a given chan~e is for the better or worse, it is necessary to provide some criteria; it is necessary to look into the purposefulness of the changes that are suggested. The purpose of change within the Church is to enable her to carry out the mission given her by God. It is impossible to treat that mission fully here, but some observations can be made. The Church is meant to mediate to human beings everywhere the reality of God Himself, to help us shape our lives and actions as fitting responses to His gracious invitation to choose life.

We must look upon change within the Church in this light. The reforms of Vatican II were not for the sake of novelty but to revivify, renew and reenergize the Church. . The mission of the Church, thus, is the criterion for assessing change within her. With a confidence rooted in faith, we can gladly accept changes authentically and authoritatively initiated in the Church.

Lefebvre Case By Jerry Filteau The conflict between Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, dissident Catholic traditionalist leader, and Pope Paul VI, universally recognized head of the Catholic Church, has come as close to a Church schism as any movement since the Old Catholics' schism in the 1870s. (The Old Catholics objected to Vatican Council I declarations that the Pope is infallible when he makes formal declarations on matters of faith or morals and that he has immediate authority over local churches throughout the world.) Archbishop Lefebvre, born in France in 1905, has outstanding credentials as a loyal son of the Church. As a Holy Ghost Father, he became a missionary in Africa, was subsequently made bishop, served in the Vatican diplomatic corps, was Archbishop of Dakar, Senegal, and superior general of his order. He Turn to Page Thirteen

and made a Latin bishop the patriarch. Even had relations not been eroding for over a thousand years, this brutal assault on the people of the east could hardly have been forgotten or forgiven easily. Yet, much to the credit of the participants, mutual efforts at reunion were made at two councils: Lyons in 1274 and Florence in 1438. Some good will was shown and gained, but the success was short lived. The eastern Church remained separate. But today, union between western and eastern Christianity has grown. Many Orthodox Christians have been reconciled with Rome. The 1964 photograph of Pope Paul publicly embracing the Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras signals a hopeful climate for the possible reunion of the two churches.

St. Bernard By Father John J. Castelot It has been said of St. Bernard that "he carried the 12th century on his shoulders and' he did not carry it without suffering." The suffering began early in his own search for identity and purpose in life. It would have been difficult to foresee that this shy, sensitive lad would one day counsel popes and kings and fight unflinchingly for the purity of faith and morality in the tumultuous years which marked his lifetime. A man of his extraordinary gifts could not remain hidden long. Popes and bishops sought his advice and followed it, although he pulled no punches in giving it. The disputed papal election of 1130 promp,ted him to champion the cause of Innocent II, and to do so, he traveled widely, picking up another candidate for his Cistercian Monastery of Clairvaux, Peter Paganelli of Pisa, who began by tending the fires at the monastery and ended up as Pope Eugene III. Indeed, in the midst of all his feverish and unwanted activity (he even preached a Crusade), he found time to read, contemplate, and write voluminously. There are ecstatical treatises for his monks, admonitions to popes, hundreds of marvelously moving seronms "as affecting today as when he delivered them, polemical works in which his poetic genius forges a terrible invective against the apparent enemies of the faith, stern denunciations of clerical negligence and avarice that still burn white-hot, and a vast correspondence that shows him the willing servant and counselor of clients in every rank of the life of hts time" (Philip Hughes "History of the Church").

Success Hangs on New Meeting WASHINGTON (NC) - The success of the Belgrade conference on European security and cooperation depends not so much on what the delegates decide but on whether they agee to meet again, according to a priest-observer of the 35-nation meeting. "The success won't be judged on the basis of dramatic solutions to human rights or any

other problems," said Msgr. George Higgins, secretary for research of the U.S. Catholic Conference, who was part -of the U.S. delegation. "In the final analysis, the important thing is to keep the process going . .. I would judge the success of the meeting on whether there is another meeting."

The Lefebvre Case Continued from Page Twelve participated in all Vatican Council II sessions and its decrees are the main source of his differences with the Church. Like the Old Catholic break, the potential 20th-century rift has behind it serious issues of faith and order. Numerous side issues of political and cultural origin also are involved. A schism, unlike heresy, is essentially a break in discipline, not in belief. Yet there is only the narrowest of lines between I he two. And behind every schism has stood what at least one side has considered an unbendable point of Christian faith and belief. Observers feel that a schism by Archbishop Lefebvre and his followers might be comparable in scope to that of the Old Catholics, who number about 250, 000. But where the Old Catholics objected to the centralization of authority in Vatican I, Archbishop Lefebvre and his followers object to the pluralism of Vatican II. The Latin Mass used since the liturgical reforms of the 16thcentury Council of Trent has become for many traditionalists a central symbol of Catholic unity. To them, the vernacular liturgy and renewed stress on the community nature of public worship are concessions to Protestantism and secular humanism,

subverting the traditional Catholic sense of the mystery and transcendence of God. Vatican II can perhaps best be viewed as a swing of the pendulum away from the fortres'i mentality that began with the Council of Trent. It was the Church reading the signs of the times and seeing a need to change its emphasis. The traditionalist movement is essentially a rejection of that changed emphasis. Its chief argument is that some of what is being lost in the change is essential to what it means to be Catholic. Both trends - tradition and change - are part of the ebb and flow of history within which the Church must live out its life, but neither is the full and only expression of that faith. The traditionalist Catholic movement, it should be noted, is made up of many groups and individuals whose objections to the postconciliar Church differ in kind and degree. Many do not consider themselves Archbishop Lefebvre's followers and have explicitly repudiated his acts of disobedience to the Pope. Their existence is and will remain a part of the Church's full richness and diversity. If the Archbishop does not isolate himself from the rest of the Church, he too can be viewed as a challenging witness to one aspect of the total reality of the Church.

A Verdade E A Vida Dirigida pelo Rev. Edmond Rego

THE ANCHORThurs .• Dec. 29. 1977

A SAGRADA FAMfLIA A sociedade encontra-se corrolda oelo materialismo, 0 naturalismo, a anarouia, a desordem, 0 vlcio, 0 prazer e as paixffes. Nunca se obtera a sua indisDens~vel renova~ao, sem se restaurar a sua orimeira celula, a famllia. Assim como 0 corpo humano s6 qoza de saude quando todas as suas celulas funcionem bern, tambem 0 Coroo ~lstico de Cristo que e a Santa Igreja e 0 corpo social, que e 0 mundo, s6 estarao bern, quando 0 estiverem as suas ultimas celulas, as famllias. "Foi a pr6pria famflia, diz-nos 0 Concllio, que recebeu de Deus a miss~o de ser a primeira c~lula vital da sociedade." "a bem-estar da pessoa e da sociedade humana e crist~ esta intimamente liqado com a situa~~o favoravel da comunidade conjuqal e familiar." Que todas as familias, para serem aquilo que devem ser, fixem 0 seu olhar e imitem os exemplos da famflia, que a Santa Iqreja lhes propeo como modelo, a Saqrada Famflia de Nazare. A primeira li~ao dada pela Saqrada Famllia e de lntima e constante uniao. Jose e Maria van juntos desde Nazare a Belem pa~a se recensearem e e, junto de a~bos, que nasce 0 Menino Jesus. as pastores encontram no preseDio Maria, Jos~ e 0 Menino. n mesmo acontecer~ aos Maqos. Passados 40 dias ap6s 0 nascimento do Menino, Jose e Maria levam-no ao templo. Nem a emiqra~ao os separa. Recebida a ordem do Anjo, Jose levantou-se durante a noite, tomou 0 Menino e Sua ~ae e partiu para 0 Eqipto. Oaf hao-de voltar de novo todos tres, recebida nova indica~ao anqelica, uEle levantou-se, tomou 0 Menino e Sua Mae e reentrou na terra de Israel." v~o a festa da Pascoa a Jerusalem? Mas todos tres juntos. Esta uni~o ffsica ou corporal e reflexo doutra uni~o mais profunda e fundamental, a dos eSPlritos. Nao h~ entre os tr€s discordias divisoes, pareceres diferentes, todos estao de acordo. a que S. Jose determina ~ executado prontamente por Maria e Jesus. E Deus feito me nino cumpr exactamente quanto seus pais perceituam, em completa submissao. A recta instituisao familiar exiqe tripli ce uniao: uni~o essencial, uni~o flsica ou corporal e uniao moral. A uniao essencial; "Que 0 homem nao separe 0 Que Deus uniu. Nem a Iqreja, nem 0 Estado, nem os pr6prios conjuqes tern 0 poder de dissolver 0 vlnculo do Sacramento do ~atrim6­ nio leqftimo e consumado. Pode 0 Estado conceder 0 div6rcio, como infelizmente aqora acon· tece frequentamente, mas isso nao tern valor al· qum Dara Deus ou para a Iqreja. A uni~o flsica ou corporal; Para alem da uniao essencial e fundamental, propria do Sacramento do Matrim6nio, e necessaria a uniao flsica, isto e, que vivam juntos anueles que constituem a famflia. A Uniao moral; Nao basta a uniao flsica; e indispens~vel a uniao moral, a uniao das almas fundamentada no amor, de modo, que sejam urn s6 cora~ao e uma s6 alma. Acima de tudo, a caridade, Que vlnculo de perfei~ao. A Sagrada Familia da-nos exemplo de ora~ao indo ao templo, quando 0 Menino Jesus conta 40 dias e quando tern 12 anos. a Evanqelho esclarece: Seus pais iam todos os anos a Jerusalem na Festa da pascoa." Oue as famllias cristas cumpram estes conselhos e sigam 0 exemplo da Saqrada Famllia, dedicando cada dia alqum tempo a ora~ao. a Senhor prometeu estar onde dois ou tres estiverem reunidos em seu nome, isto em orasao. l1

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THE ANCHORThurs.. Dec.. 29, 1977

'A Place of Sharing'

focus on youth ... By Cecilia Belanger Since I began writing "Focus" I have received requests from time to time for columns on the Holy Spirit. I guess one would have to begin with the fact that Catholics accept the trinitarian concept of God. God the Father is understood as the One who transcends aH that is; God the Son as the loving Servant who comes into history to redeem his creation; and God the Holy Spirit as the ever-present Companion, working in and through every moment in history. There are too many who see earth as a lonely, cold, faceless planet that winds its way with passionless precision. Perhaps they have never seen signs of a loving face, no imprints of A MAN PRAYS over another who seeks healing of the mercy and compassion, only the relentless savagery of the jungle spirit. (NC Photo) in which they live, or the cruel "Do not settle for broken despotic power of a tornado, or these groups. Through them the the never-ceasing threat of the extreme measure of servanthood dreams," it teHs us. To youth engulfing waves of a hurricane. was revealed to us - our Lord it says, "Be hopeful." An inOne can be lost in the wide washing the feet of the disciples. tegral relationship exists beWe are caHed temples of the tween Pentecost, the Church, the expanse of nature, and one can be lost in the same way in a Holy Spirit, where God has Cho- Holy Spirit, the vision of our large city, in a ghetto, in a smaH sen to dwell - in the primitive youth, and a new world to town or in a large corporation, huts of our brokenness, honor- come. where reside cruel inhumanity, ing and glorifying and translofty indifference, a troubling figuring our mortality into imsilence, a casual witness to lost mortality, our frail body into his body, our vacillations into identity. This is the picture without a his mission and ministry. Granted, some churches are Pentecost, without that strange marvelous event when the in- often ambiguous signs, fuH 0{ coming presence of the Holy contradictions and denials, but Spirit was sensed and felt like individuaHy we can make of a rush of a mighty wind. We ourselves those pure temples feel in in our bodies when it which alone are the perfect descends upon us in those rare homes for God. moments when it breaks aH conWe have received a great gift. straints. It transforms, it opens, There is no other like it. We it loosens. should try to live in its power But do we ever reaHy take the and use it to fulfill the hope of Holy Spirit and the words about the ages. The Spirit helps us in him with seriousness: "And I dark moments to envision a fuwill pray to the Father and We ture of hope, it helps us to will give you another counselor, counter a culture of despair. to be with you forever;" "Lo, I am with you always." These statements speak of the presence of God to aH men and women in every possible situaIrma finds her "senior freshIrma Valez is a senior freshtion in life. man. On Fridays, she joins her man" status chaHenging. "I look Psalm 139 expresses it with classmates at Bishop Feehan forward to every day," she said. poignant eloquence: "Wither High School, Attleboro, for reg- "I have learned to know people, shaH I go from thy Spirit? Whitular classes. Monday through and I experience a great deal of her shaH I flee from thy presThursday, she is a freshman at independence. There is an atence? If I ascend to heaven, thou Johnson and Wales CoHege in mosphere of openness at Johnart there! If I make my bed in Providence. son and Wales, and a very good Sheol thou art there! If I take exchange among students and She began her dual existence the wings of the morning and after learning of "Project Access with faculty." dweH in the uttermost parts of Plus," an early admissions proAt Feehan, Irma has been a the sea, even there thy hand gram at Johnson and Wales open member of the Spanish National shaH lead me, and thy right to high school seniors "with high Honor Society and has been achand shaH hold me." motivation and serious career tive in senior class projects. Pentecost was a cosmic rainobjectives." faH not of flood but of mercy She has enroHed in a fashion Boston Liturgy Week and grace, transforming the land- merchandising program and her WASHINGTON (NC) - The scape of history and the face of . classes are arranged to permit 33rd North American Liturgical the planet Earth. her weekly day at Feehan, where Week will be held Aug. 7-10, she has completed aH required One sign of Pentecost was the 1978, on the campus of Boston courses for graduation except formation of the church, little University, it was announced English, which she is taking at in Washington by The Liturgical oases in the desert throughout the coHege. A lot is riding on her Conference, sponsor of the event. the world, human communities formed and shaped by the Holy coHege courses, she noted, since Father G. Thomas Ryan of Marshe must pass them in order to Spirit. And God through this blehead will be program chairreceive her high school diploma. man. Spirit has identified himself with

BREDA Netherlands (NC) - Following several weeks of living on junks in the China Sea, Brother Roger Schutz and an international team of youths called on Christians of all ages to form "places of sharing where struggle and contemplation are closely related in day-to-day living." The Council of Youth's "Letter to All Generations" was written aboard junks shared for several weeks with poor Chinese off the coast of Hong Kong, and read during an international youth meeting this month at a vegetable market in Breda, Netherlands. The council was founded in 1974 by Brother Schutz, Protestant prior of the Brothers of Taize, an ecumenical community in France. In the letter, the youths said the places of sharing would be "places offering simple hospitality, dwellings using the simplest of means," operating independently and consisting of "a few people or a community, a family or a couple, or sometimes one person living alone who gathers others around him." Those who form the communities "will not flee the contradictions of a society which gives rise to inequalities, the pursuit of profit, unbridled consumption, racial segregation, terrorism ... " the letter said. "In their struggle for a world of greater justice, they will necessarily come to grips with all these contradictions, sustained by a hidden prayer life, even if at times they are able to share with others nothing but their weakness and their powerlessness." The "Letter to All Generations" followed one written a year ago by Brother Schutz and another team of young people after they lived with the poor in Calcutta, India. The earlier letter asked churches and individuals to establish a "seven-year plan" to "give up everything that is not absolutely indispensable." During the meeting at Breda, Brother Schutz announced the Council of Youth's backing for "Operation Sharing," which will gather contributions for displaced ,ersons, political exiles from all countries, and inhabitants of poverty areas. The program will be coordinated entirely by volunteers who will be paid only "the minimum necessary to live on." Brother Schutz, who plans to live with the poor in Italy in the near future since "poverty areas exist in Europe too, not only in the Southern Hemisphere," said he visited an Indochinese refugee camp in Thailand on his return from the China Sea. "After this visit we were confronted by the necessity of finding a concrete way of sharing intended just for political refugees, but also for displaced persons and inhabitants of poverty areas," he said. The community at Taize will take in some Indochinese widows and their children, as well as some orphans, he told the youth. "But we do not have the necessary resources to assume the enormous efforts which such a form of sharing will entail. It is up to you to show enough imagination and creativity to mobilize public opinion."

She's a Senior Freshman

IRMA VALEZ (right), Feehan senior and Johnson and Wales freshman, shares her program with Sister Mary Faith, principal of Bishop Feehan High School. Irma spends every Friday at Feehan, her other school days at the college.

THE ANCHORThurs., Dec. 29, 1977



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Sharon, Stoughton Off To Good Starts Sharon and Stoughton Highs, defending co-champions, got off to good starts in the opening week of Hockomock League basketball. Sharon toppled King Philip and Franklin and Stoughton defeated North Attleboro and Foxboro in last week's games. Franklin, which finished third last year, bested Foxboro and entered this week's play with a 1-1 slate. Oliver Ames, in its only game of the week, defeated Mansfield and Canton toppled King Philip 76-(i0. Canton had the bye on Tuesday, Oliver Ames on Friday. Mansfield won over North Attle-

boro. Entering this week's play Sharon and Stoughton were both 2-0, Oliver Ames and Canton, 1-0, Franklin and Mansfield, 1-1, King Philip, North Attleboro and Foxboro 0-2. Tomorrow night Sharon is host to Mansfield. and Stoughton to Canton as Franklin goes to King Philip and Oliver Ames to Foxboro with North Attleboro having the bye. Next Tuesday night it will be Foxboro at North Attleboro, _King Philip at Stoughton, Sharon at Oliver Ames, and Mansfield at Canton. Franklin has the bye Tuesday.

Tie In Conference One New Bedford High, Dartmouth and Fairhaven entered this week's Southeastern Mass. Conference Division One schedule with 2-0 slates. Durfee, in quest of still another division crown, won its only game of the week. After participating in the Christmas Basketball Tournament at Rogers High in Newport earlier this week, Durfee resumes its conference schedule tomorrow night against Somerset in the Bank Street Armory, Fall River, and visits New Bedford next Tuesday night. Other Division One games tomorrow night are Taunton at Bishop Connolly High, Barnstable at Attleboro, and, New Bedford at Fairhaven. In addition to the Durfee-New Bedford encounter, Tuesday's schedule lists Taunton at Somerset, Connolly at Dartmouth and Fairhaven at Barnstable.


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Cornwell Memoria' Chapel Dignified Funeral Servic-e

PRESIDENT AND MRS. CARTER watch excerpts from "Entertainment USA," a musical program now being taken on tour of European military installations by Catholic University of America drama students. To left are Father Gilbert V. Hartke, founder of CVA's drama department, and Toby Orenstien, co-author and co-director of the student presentation. (NC Photo)

• tv, movie news

Bishop Feehan High is at Wareham, New Bedford Yoke-Tech at Old Rochester, Dennis-Yar"Telefon" (MGM-United Artmouth at Bishop Stang High,-, ists): Charles Bronson is a Rusand, Seekonk at Holy Family. In Division Three it will be Case sian agent sent to the U.S. to at Diman Yoke, Bourne at Fal- eliminate a maverick and fanatical fellow-countryman (Donald mouth, St. Anthony at Westport Pleasenee) bent upon provoking and Dighton-Rehoboth at Coyle- a nuclear confrontation. Lee Cass!dy. In a departure from Remick is the American doubleprevIous seasons, all conference agent assigned to assist him. A games this year are scheduled mediocre thriller made more _ for 7:30 p.m. bearable by a rather lavish proOn the. exhibition circuit to- duction, Don Seigel's smooth dimorrow mght Stang is at Dartrection, and Miss Remick's talmouth, St. Anthony at Holy ent. There is some graphic vioF~mily, Wareham at Bourn 7 and lence. Adults only. Dlghton- Rehoboth at Mlddle"Thunder And Lightning" boro, all at 7:30 o'clock. Mayflower Lea~ue games to- (Fox): Slaphappy and mechanmorrow have Silver Lake at ically light-hearted, this meloPlymouth-Carver, and, Appone- drama is about rival moon~uet at South,eastern Regional shiners in the Florida Everglades. Though the characters from In 7:30 p.m. tilts, and, BristolPlymouth hosts Avon at 2:30 time to time show some remotely human characteristics p.m. Also of interest is the Rusty (David Carradine as the hero, The other two conference div- Ramos Memorial basketball Kate Jackson as his girl friend), isions open th.ei; .schedules next games at seven o'clock tonight the proceedings are on the level Tuesday. In DIVISion Two games in New Bedford Yoke-Tech. of a Roadrunner cartoon. There is gratuitous nudity thrown in Hockey Also Underway Next Week for bad measure. Objectionable The conference's Division Sunday in the Driscoll Rink af- in part for all. Two opens tonight with New ter a one-week layoff because "Iphigenia" (Cinema 5): This Bedford Yoke-Tech at Seekonk of Christmas. Pace-setting Fall and Connolly at Dighton-Reho- River South opposes Somerset adaptation of the classic tragboth Tuesday. Division Three at nine o'clock New Bedford edy of Euripides retells the story gets its season underway with meets Taunton ~t 10 and West- of Iphigenia, sacrificed by her Dennis Yarmouth at Old Roch- port-Dartmouth and Fall River father to win from the j!or!:; favorable weather for !:.. i.t1e. The ester Monday, and, Coyle-Cas- North clash at 11. sidy at Feehan Tuesday. South has 20 points New acting of 1~-year-old Tatiana Division One has a three- Bedford and Somerset 12' Taun- PapamC:;Kou as Iphigenia is game card Tuesday ton nine, Westport-Da;tmouth fl:awless, and the portrayals of when It Will be Attleboro at eight, Fall River North five, in Agamemnon and Clytemnestra are equally effective. Because of Taunton, Falmouth at Durfee, the current standings. the nature of the film as well as and, New Bedford at Somerset. some incidental nudity, it is Hockomock hockey has CanCCCS Elections meant for adults only. ton at King Philip, Franklin, OTTAWA,. Canada (NC) Franklin at Oliver Ames, and "9/30/55" (Universal): The Stoughton at North Attleboro Archbishop Gilles Ouellet, 55, of date is that of the death of Rimouski has been elected pres- actor James Dean and this film Wednesday. ident of the Canadian Confer- deals with its effect on college Among non-league hockey ence of Catholic Bishops. Arch- students in a small Arkansas games tomorrow Old Rochester bishop Joseph N. MacNeil of Ed- town. Scenes of youthful sexual meets Dartmouth at noon and monton was named vice presi- explorations rule it out for other Durfee takes on Fairhaven, at dent. than adults. 1:30 p.m., in the Hetland Rink Not Yours New Bedford. Connolly and Som: "That Obscure Object of Deerset clash at eight o'clock to"The bread that you store up sire" (First Artists): Story of a night in the Driscoll Rink, Fall belongs to the hungry; the wealthy Parisian in love with a River, in the nightcap of a twin cloak that lies in your chest be- young Spanish woman who bill that opens at six with Dur- longs to the naked; and the gold plays a cat and mouse game fee opposing Case. that you have hidden in the with him. Pretentious and shalThe Bristol County Catholic ground belongs to the poor."- low, with extensive and offensive nudity. Condemned. Hockey League resumes play St. Basil

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On Television Thursday, Dec. 29, 8 p.m. (PBS) "Robin Hood": The story of the archer who robbed the rich to help the poor is told with an all-children cast. Approved for all. Saturday, Dec. 31, 9 p.m. (NBC) "Come Back Little Sheba": William Inge's moving portrayal of a middle-aged couple who are failures at life - the wife a sloven, the husband an alcoholic. In the course of the film the cause of their desperation is revealed. Although Lawrence Olivier and Joanne Woodward are miscast, the characters they portray "touch our humanity in a very deep way." Saturday, Dec. 31, 12 noon (ABC) "The Secret Life of T.K. Dearing": A story about overcoming the generation gap, originally an ABC Afterschool Special. Sunday, Jan. 1, 12:30 p.m. (ABC) "Directions": A wideranging interview with' Archbishop Jean Jadot, apostolic delegate in the United States. Sunday, Jan. 1, 9 p.rn. (NBC) "The Four Feathers": Are-make of a classic story of a British soldier accused of cowardice who proves his courage. For family viewing Monday, Jan. 2, 9 a.m. (ABC) "Breaking Up": Distinguished treatment of the reality of postdivorce life for the wife and children. Tuesday, Jan. 3, 9 p.m. (PBS) "The Edelin Conviction": A reenactment of the trial of Boston's Dr. Kenneth Edelin for manslaughter in the case of an aborted fetus. The program in effect puts abortion on trial, with each viewer a juror.


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur., Dec. 29, 1977

Latin Terror Continues

The Par'ish Parade

Publicity chairmen of parish organizations are asked to submit news Items for this column to The Anchor. P. O. Box 7, Fall River, 02722. Name of city or town should be Included, as well as full dates of all Ictlvities. Please send news of future rather than past events. Note: the same news Item can be used only once. Please do not request that we repeat an announcement several times.




Due to space limitations, effective with our issue of Thursday, Jan. 5, 1978, we will no longer carry news of fundraising activities in the Parish Parade column. This includes bingos, dances, suppers, bazaars and other profit-making events. We wiD continue to carry notices of spiritual programs, club meetings, youth projects and similar nonprofit activities. Fundraising projects may of course be advertised at our regular rates. This is a policy in effect at many diocesan newspapers to the satisfaction of both readers and advertisers. ST. JOHN OF GOD, SOMERSET The Brayton Club will meet in the church basement following 9:45 Mass Sunday, Jan. 8. The monthly parish prayer meeting will follow 7 p.m. Mass Thursday, Jan. 5. Refreshments will be served in the church hall. Parents of first communicants will meet in the church hall at 7 p.m. Sunday, Jan. 8. This group comprises second graders who attended CCD classes last year.


OUR LADY OF FATIMA, SWANSEA Women's Guild members presented a projection screen to the parish and a cash gift to the Rose Hawthorne Lathrop Home in lieu of exchanging gifts at their holiday party. The unit's next meeting will be for a po~luck supper in March, when guests will be residents of the Swansea Rest Home and arrangements will be in charge of Mrs. Bella Fernandes and Mrs. Lil Amaral. SACRED HEART, FALL RIVER Volunteers are needed for the weekly Bingo program. They may contact the rectory for further information. The choir will repeat its Christmas program for 7 p.m. Mass Sunday, Jan. I, which will be Father John FoIster's last parish Mass. Father James F. McCarthy will assume the pastorate Wednesday, Jan. 4. CCD classes resume Sunday, Jan. 8 and TACT meetings will begin Thursday, Jan. 5. ST. THERESA, SOUTH ATTLEBORO The Confraternity of Christian Mothers will hear a lecture on "Self-Defense for Women" by Richard Marcotte at their meeting Monday, Jan. 9, which will begin at 7 p.m. with Mass. Hostesses will be Kaye Messier and Kathy Lamarre. __ '_'_"

P ' ~ " " " " _ " " " _ " _ " " '



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An ecumenical group headed by Congressman Father Robert Drinan (D.-Mass.) will investigate during January the continued charges of human rights violations in EI Salvador, including persecution of the Church. The announcement came as a December report of a human rights organization in New York listed Argentina as the worst violator in 1977, followed by Chile and Uruguay. The Council on Hemispheric Affairs, which includes members of the U. S. Congress on its board, added that the rights situation in Brazil was gradually improving. Its report claimed Argentina holds 18,000 political prisoners. In an interview with British journalists, the junta's president Gen. Jorge Videla said the number of persons jailed "for sub-

ST. ANTHONY, TAUNTON The parish will sponsor a dinner dance at 6 p.m. Saturday, Feb. 4 'in the school hall. Music will be by "Os Louras" and there will be fados and guitar music during the evening. Arrangements are in charge of Eugene Paiva, Antonio Simas and Manuel Leite. Tickets are available from them or at the rectory and the reservation deadline is Friday, Jan. 20. SSe PETER AND PAUL FALL RIVER New schedules are available in the sacristy for altar boys, lectors and eucharistic ministers. Choir practice has been postponed until Jan. 9 at 7:45 p.m. Women's Club will sponsor a public whist Sunday, Jan. 8 at 1:30 p.m. in Father Coady Center. Hostesses are Mrs. Noel T. Harrison, Mrs. Darrel T. Lecy and Mrs. Arthur L. Duffy. Rehearsals for the annual parish show in March will begin Jan. 5 at 7 p.m. and continue each Thursday. Sister Mary Karin, RSM, of St. Theresa's Convent, Pawtucket, will speak on "Alcoholism and Its Effects on The Family," at the Jan. 10 meeting of the Home and School, which is open to both men and women. CYO Executive Board will sponsor a cake sale after masses on Jan. 14 and 15.

versive activities, is no more than 4,000. The ecumenical delegation, sponsored by the Unitarian Universalist Service Committee which has helped social action projects by Catholics in EI Salvador, is scheduled to arrive there the second week of the new year. The committee said the American embassy is making arrangements for the delegation to meet with both Salvadorean authorities and with independent sources, including the Bishops' Conference, "to discuss reports of arbitrary arrest, torture and the kHlings of unarmed civilians." The Catholic leadership has been outspoken in criticizing repression by security forces and by private. rightist groups against social activists. Two priests were murdered including one JeSUit, several lay leaders executed or assassinated, and many more are missing since February. The Council's report said that there was a high level of brutality and inhumanity practiced by regimes in the Western Hemisphere, mostly military juntas, to bring their people to submission. The report added to Argentina, Chile and Uruguay, the governments of Paraguay, Bolivia, Nicaragua, EI Salvador and Guatemala as rating poorly in human rights, and gave an alert on Ecuador and Peru. About the same time 47 senators appealed to Cuba's Premier Fidel Castro to ~elease political prisoners Hubert Matos, Angel Cuadra and Armando Valladares for humanitarian motives. The three are reportedly seriously ill. Matos is a former commander in Castro's militias who fell in his disfavor when Matos opposed the growing power of Marxists. He was sentenced to 20 years in prison in 1960.

In Santiago Gen. Augusto Pinochet, head of Chile's junta, announced a plebiscite Jan. 4 to determine reaction by Chileans to a December report by the United Nations that human rights violations continue unabated. The main charge by the UN investigative team is that Gen. Pinochet refuses to heed repeated pleas for information on thousands of persons who disappeared, many after documented arrest by his secret police. Chileans, who live under a state of emergency law allegedly to curb a Marxist attack, will have to show their identity cards before voting. This is the first time they go to the polls since the military coup of Sept. 1973 that overthrew the elected government of Marxist Presid~t Salvador Allende. A Universalist official, John McAward, who as programs director has been in EI Salvador several times, was critical of the U. S. military aid lent to that country's security forces "responsible for the murders of innocent men, women and children." He was referring to raids on two rural towns and armed repression of urban demonstrators since February, which left several hundred ciV'ilians dead. Another human rights source, Freedom House of New York, also placed Argentina at the top of the list in human rights violations. Its report added that awareness on respect for human rights was growing around the world, due in part of President Carter's stand. It named 26 countries showing gains, and nine showing declines.

No Annihilation "Nature revolves everything into its component elements, but annihilates nothing." - Lucretius

ST. STANISLAUS, FALL RIVER Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament and an hour of contemplation are celebrated from 7:30 to 8:30 a.m. every Thursday for the intention of vocations and the sanctification of those already in religious life. Both a New Year's party and a New Year's vigil will take place in the parish, the party in the school and the vigil, from 11:30 p.m. to )2:30 a.m. in the church. Pilgrims planning participation in the spring Holy Land trip will meet at 6:15 Sunday, Jan. 8 for a prayer and study session with Rabbi Norbert Weinberg of Adas - Israel Synagogue, Fall River. Planned for June is a 15day trip to Poland.

..... ~- ,.J


............'~ "co


FATHER LOUIS COLONNESE, left, former director of the US Catholic Conference Latin American Bureau, meets with Father Miguel Ventura, who fled El Salvador last month and came to the United States, after being taken by government police from his rectory, questioned, abused and twice hoisted over the branch of a tree with his hands tied behind his back. (NC Photo)

dJ ,The ARCHOI Vol. 20, No.1 - Fall River, Mass., Friday, January 2,1976

An Anchor

of the Soul, Sure and Firm~St. Paul

The Ma"ssachusetts New Divorce Law" A "no fault" divorce law went into effect in Massachusetts yesterday with the legal establishment of "irretrievable breakdown" as a reason for obtaining a civil divorce. Commenting on the new law in interviews with The Anchor, were Retired Probate Judge Beatrice Hancock Mullaney who has just brought a 20-year career to the retirement stage, and Rev. Daniel F. Hoye, J.C.L., ViceOfficialis of the Diocesan Tribunal. A Divorce Increase? Judge Mullaney observed that in every state where "no fault" has been introduced, "the divorce rate has risen. In California, for example," the Judge stated, "the rate shot up 200 per cent." "Strictly from the viewpoint of a Tribunal official," stated Father Hoye, "one would probably answer in the negative. I do not foresee any appreciable

increase in the number of cases we will handle due to this change in civil law. Nevertheless, that is not to say that the new change is insignificant. The relative eas.e of divorce does say

Judge Beatrice H. Mullaney Retired Probate Justice

something about our society's view of the indissolubility of marriage." " • The priest went on, "I do not believe that the additional grounds will cause any appreciable difference in our society's concept of divorce. The tremendous rise in the number of divorces began in spite of the adversary context. Divorce is prevalent despite the absence of an "irretrievable breakdown" grounds. The New Grounds" In explaining the new law, the diocesan court official stated, "The significance of 'irretrievable breakdown', as I understand it, will be the non-adversary contest of divorces granted. A simple declaration that the marriage has broken down will be sufficient reason for a divorce. "In the past, one person had to accuse the other of some fault. This fault had to be demon-

strated in court. The most com· mon ground was 'cruel and abusive treatment'. It is with the

Rev. Daniel F. Hoye, S.T.L. Vice-Officialis, Diocesan Tribunal

hope of eliminating unpleasant and sometimes exaggerated testimony of the cruel and abusixe treatment that this new grounli was added." Judge Mullaney stated, "In general, I don't approve of anything that makes divorce easier." In referring to another point that sometimes arises, that is, that children are harmed by living with warring parents, the retired justice answered, "There's aggression in all of life. I needn't harm children to see this." Church Law "The new ground for divorce," explained Father Hoye, "will not directly affect the work of the Tribunal because the Tribunal does not deal with divorces as such." He pointed out that the Diocesan Tribunal is the judicial arm of the Church. In theory, it deals with any conflict of rights sitTurn to Page Thirteen

.----In This Issue-


Cardinal Wright

Ball Presentees Page 3

State of Church

Priests & Youth Involvement

St. Pius X Parish In Know Your Faith

Holy Redeemer Christmas Spirit

Pages 8·9

Page 10

Page 11

Page 13


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Jan. 2, 1976







National Liturgy Center WASHINGTON (NC)-The Catholic University of America here has established a Center for Pastoral Liturgy. Designed to assist parish diocesan, Religious and community liturgical commissions in liturgical formation, the center will maintain ties with the U. S. Bishops' Committee on the Liturgy, diocesan liturgical commissions and other associations, both official and private.

Public Education Only-No ST. LOUIS (NC)-Some 350 taxpayers in this area have paid their 1975 property taxes under formal protest, because the money is used in part for the support of public schools only. Additional payments under protest are expected by the deadline for taxes on Dec. 31, according to officials of Citizens for Educational Freedom, a group active in the cause of nonpublic school children.

Another Break-In SAN JOSE (NC)-A former deputy sheriff of Santa Clara County for -former president of the county's Young Republican Club has admitted that he led political "break-ins" in 1967 at the headquarters of the United Farm Workers of America. These were an attempt to link UFWA President, -Cesar Chavez, with the Communist Party and were financed by at least two prominent California growers.

in the U. S. agreed to cooperate more fully on issues of common concern and issued a brief statement on abortion expressing disagreement on approaches to the issue but a common "strong affirmation of the sacredness of life."

World Racial Discrimination VATICAN CITY (NC)-opposition to racism and other forms of discrimination must be peaceful but also "vigorous and compelling," Pope Paul VI said here. In receiving credentials from the new ambassador from the African country of Lesotho, the Pope said in English: "There are still, unfortunately, various forms of discrimination which militate against peace among men - in particular the racial discrimination to which you have alluded and which causes us much sorrow."

Seek Amnesty MADRID (NC) - Pledging to push "for social peace and solidarity" the Spanish bishops repeated their appeal for broader amnesty for political prisoners. The amnesty plea included close to 2,000 political prisoners and an unde-

termined number of Spanish exiles of the Franco era.

Revolt Near DUBLIN (NC) - Rhodesia's black majority which outnumbers the country's whites 26 to one, will not tolerate white rule there much longer, Bishop Donal Lamont of Umtall, Rhodesia, said here. "The Africans (blacks) of my acquaintances are not bitter about the whites, but they naturally resent the privileges they have," said the 64-year-old Carmelite bishop, long an outspoken critic of the Rhodesian whiteminority regime of Prime Minister Ian Smith.

Christmas Pardon RIO. DE JANEIRO (NC) - More than 1,000 prisoners were released under a nationwide Christmas pardon granted by President Ernesto Geisel of -Brazil to honor the Holy Year and heed the call to reconciliation by Pope Paul VI.

No Clergy In Politics MANILA (NC)-The martial law government of the Philippines has disqualified the nation's clergy from membership in town councils. The councils were created by decree by Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos. They are to replace municipal legislative bodies in January.

Pro-Life March WASHINGTON (NC)-Hoping for a constitutional amendment to restrict abortion, thousands of pro-life advocates are expected to take part in the third March for Life here Jan. 22 to mark the anniversary of the 1973 U. S. Supreme Court abortion decision.

Pope To President WASHINGTON (NC)-Archbishop Jean Jadot, apostolic delegate to the U. S., personally presented a copy of Pope Paul's World Day of Peace Message to President Ford in a meeting at the White House. Ford told the Archbishop he would read the message carefuly because "I know of the Holy Father's dedication to peace."

Social Services WASHINGTON (NC) - Strategies for effective social ministries will be examined by the fourth symposium sponsored by the Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA) at the Catholic University on Jan. 23-24.

Catholic-Baptist Abortion Stand WINSTON-SALEM (NC) - In two separate meetings recently, Catholic and Baptist leaders

CHRISTMAS VACATION: Taking advantage of the Christmas holidays, Bishop Daniel A. Cronin, met with the seminarians of the Fall River Diocese at a Mass and supper at St. Vincent's Home in Fall River. At the altar for Mass are the young men who hope to soon be able to offer the Sacrifice themselves as priests.

Massachusetts ACLU Suit Termed Anti-Catholic Bias MILWAUKEE (NC)-A Mas- Court ruled in the 1968 Board sachusetts school aid suit filed of Education v. Allen case that by the American Civil Liberties the loan of textbooks by a state Union (ACLU) "exemplifies the to nonpublic school children is traditional, deeply ingrained vi- constitutional, the League said: rus of hostility toward Catholic "The ACLU is fully aware of education" in some sectors of this. So it devised a' new attack U. S. society, a Catholic civil on the Massachusetts law, a rights group charged here. more insidious attack. It argues "The American Civil Liberties that the loan of textbooks to Union continues its vendetta students attending. Catholic against Catholic education," said schools has the effect of increasthe group, the Catholic League ing the enrollment of such for Religious and Civil Rights schools. The result, proclaims (CLRCL), which has headquar- . the ACLU, will be two school systems in Boston: "a public ters here. Responding to the charges, school system predominantly Arveh Neier, executive director black, poor and inadequate, and the ACLU, said in New York a private system, predominantly City: "I regard the charge as white, affluent and superior." nonsense. The earliest efforts to The League statement pointed deny public aid to religious out that since 1974 enrollment schools were initiated in the in elementary and secondary 1840s by Catholics. Such efforts schools of the Boston archdiare neither anti-Catholic now, ocese which includes suburban nor were they anti-Protestant jurisdictions, has decreased by then. 1,234 to 80,000, and that in the "They are based on the prin- city of Boston itself "there has ciple that no person should be been an increase of 90 students taxed to support the religious in the schools, hardly constitutbeliefs of another. That is a ing a 'swelling' of school enrollprinciple the ACLU has always ment." stood for." The statement continued: In a statement by its assistant "Black and Chicano parents reexecutive director, Dr. Lowell A ject the ACLU racist stereotype Dunlap, the/ Catholic League dis路 of Catholic schools." It cited a cussed a suit filed by the ACLU study published by sociologists in a Massachusetts state court Hart Nelsen of the Catholic Unidealing with the loan of text- evrsity of America, Washington, books by the state to Catholic D. C., and Lynda Dickson of Auschool students. burn Unievrsity in Alabama in Noting that the U. S. Supreme Turn to Page Ten


Spirit of Gratitude Closes Year 1975 "We close out the year in a spirit of gratitude," proclaimed Bishop Daniel A. Cronin, S.T.D., Bishop of Fall River, as he distributed Marian Medals to 82 members of the laity of the diocese. The great gathering of bishop, priests, Religious and laity in the cathedral also brought the bishop to describe the diocese as a great family come together to thank God and acknowledge publicly their dependence on God for all. The selection of individuals as recipients was always, for pastors, the Bishop confessed, an occasion of great care and anxiety. How is it possible to honor and thank all our faithful laity? It is physically impossible. Traditionally, therefore, the prelate went on, certain individuals are honored for their own great personal contributions but also as representatives of the dedicated members of their parishes. Taking note of the large number of priests present and the crowded cathedral of proud friends and relatives of the recipients, the Bishop marveled at the long years many had toiled THE ANCHOR Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River, Mass. Published every Thursday at 410 Highland Avenue. Fall River, Mass. 02722 by the CathCllic Press of the Diocese of Fall River. Subscription price by mail, postpaid $5.00 per Yllr.

in their service to parish and diocese: 20, 30, 40, 45 and even over 50 years of dedication! The day's feast of the Holy Family brought to mind, the Bishop explained, the unity and common prayer that must characterize the diocesan family. We are all joined together in a hond of faith and unity; a unity that simply cannot be understood except by those who enjoy the same faith." , The great virtues found in the Christmas Crib were emphasized and recognized among the recipients: generosity, love for one another, the helping of one another while on our long pilgrimage. As this is so true in each family, so it must be true of our diocesan family, the Bishop stated. The prelate bade those present to pray for all those within and without the diocese who do not share our faith. "May we always come closer and c1ose,t with the many Christian communities and those of the Jewish Faith in our diocese and in the world," he prayed. "We are all creatures of God, sharers of the same sonship with the Father, who is God." In his request for special prayer, the Bishop pointed to the needs of the country, the Church, the diocese and the parishes. He especially recommended the Holy 'Father, himself, the Turn to Page Ten

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Jan. 2, 1976


34 Parishes to Present

Young Ladies at Ball Thirty-four young ladies will be presented to the Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, S.T.D., Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fall River, at the 21st annual Bishop's Charity Ball on Friday, January 9 at the Lincoln Park Ballrom, North Dartmouth, in one of the many outstanding events to take place at the most widely known social and charitable event in New. England. The Ball is in honor of Bishop Cronin. This will be the sixth appearance of the bishop as honored guest. He will be the main speaker at the Ball. As a bicentennial event, the Ball will have as its motif color and theme the commemoration of the two hundredth anniversary of the founding of our nation. Colonial dress is optional for those attending the Ball. "These presentees represent parishes from the five areas of the diocese," said Rev. Msgr. Anthony M. Gomes, diocesan director of the Ball. "Every year, one third of the parishes of the diocese are given this honor. It enables every parish, once in three years, to have this singular honor to participate in this impressive ceremony." The gala winter social and charitable event benefits the four Nazareth Hall Schools for the exceptional children and the four modern summer camps for the underprivileged and exceptional children. Mrs. James A. O'Brien, Jr., of Fall River, chairlady of the presentation committee, has announced that the presentees with their fathers are scheduled to meet Sunday, January 4 at 2:30 p.m. in Lincoln Park Ballroom for a rehearsal of the presentation ceremony. Names for the various categories of the Charity Ball Booklet arrive daily. Names may be submitted until January 5. Tick-

ets for the Ball may be obtained at all Catholic church rectories and at the door on the night of the Ball. The presentees are: Attleboro Area Theresa Marie McCrory, Diane Nicholson, Kathleen Spellman, Lou Anne Jean Veader. Cape Cod an~ the Islands Area Marianne Barrett, Mary Fragoza, Patricia Fuller, Mary Carmelita Gordon, Bernadette Grace, Mary K. Mosher, Elizabeth White. Fall River Area Denise Barboza, Jerilyn Cassidy, Mary Louise Chrupcala, Jane Laflamme, Susan Nicoletti. Susanna Pacheco, Elaine Pereira, Michelle Pelletier, Andrea Louise Vincent, Janet A. Witkowski. New Bedford Area Annette M. Catalano, Anne Marie Cataldo, Donna Lee Cooper, Rachel Desjardins, Ann Lamoureux.

Joan Poirier, Cecile Trahan, Sandra Lee Turner. Taunton Area Sharon Lee Keogh, Patricia Medeiros, Patti A. St. OfIge, Mary Elizabeth Taraska, Heidi M. Turner.

* * *


* * *

Over 150 members of the various committees of the 21st an-' nual Bishop's Charity Ball of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fall River will meet on Sunday, January 4 at 1 p.m. at the Lincoln Park Ballroom to decorate the elegant ballroom. The Ball will be held on Friday evening, January 9. The Presentee and Bishop's boxes will be elaborately decorated. Other sections of the ballroom to 路be decorated will be the entrance, the foyer and the entire length of the dancing hall. The orchestra stage will be lined with colors of red, white and blue. The motif and theme of the Turn to Page Five


Franciscan Year ASSISI, Italy (NC) - A yearlong celebration will be held here beginning next fall to mark the 750th anniversary of the death of St. Francis of Assisi. Giancarlo Ronci, director of Assisi's tourist bureau, fold NC News that the inauguration of the "Franciscan Year" is tentatively slated for Sept. 26, 1976. The celebrations will continue until the fall of 1977. St. Francis died in his native Assisj Oct. 3, 1226. The program for the Franciscan Year is still being planned, Rond said. Many groups of Franciscans have toiled in the Fall River Diocese: Franciscan Fathers: Our Lady's Chapel, New Bedford;

Spanish Apostolate, New Bedford; St. Louis Parish, FaIl River; St. Kiliian Parish, New Bedford. Order Friars, Minor Conventual: Holy Cross Parish, FaIl River; Holy Rosary Parish, Taunton; Our Lady of Perpetual Help and St. Hedwig Parishes, New Bedford. Bernardine Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis, Our Lady of Perpetual Help, New Bedford. Franciscan Missionaries of Mary: Espirito Santo Parish and St. Francis Guild, Fall River. Franciscan Sisters of St. Joseph: Holy Cross Parish, Fall River. Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis: St. Mary's Home, New Bedford.

HOLY FAMILY'S VIRTUES: Bishop Cronin illustrates his address to Marian Medal recipients by posing with some of them at the Cathedral Crib: Left to right: Mrs. Anna Sienko, Taunton; Mrs. Germane Tremblay, Fairhaven; Howard Vaslet, Attleboro; Roger Vezina, Fall River; Bishop Cronin, and Atty. James Quirk, So. Yarmouth.


United Nations in matters of human rights threatens 路the integrity not only of the United Nations but of human rights themselves," Moynihan argued. He quoted the British poet Stephen Spender who, after viewing the Spanish Civil War first-hand, said, "It came to me that unless I cared about every murdered child indiscriminately, I didn't really care about children being murdered at all."

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of. Fall River-Fri., Jan. 2, 1976

Apostles All On Sunday we acknowledge the universality of, the mission of Christ in the Feast of the Epiphany. The Shepherd in the crib show the deep expectant faith of the Jewish Old Testament in awaiting the Messiah; the Wise Men usher Christ into the World of the Gentiles. But the universal welcome of Christ must go on through the ages. "The task of evangelizing all people constitutes the essential mission of the Church," Pope Paul has told us in his most recent apostolic exhortation. It must be a service rendered "to the whole of humanity." The Holy Father summed up all the teachings of the Second Vatican Council in one paragraph: "to make the Church of the 20th Century ever better fitted for proclaiming the Gospel to the people of the 20th Century." What a resolution for the New Year! What a great step forward as vibrant Christians if each of us- the Church-attempted to do this will our personal -study, prayer and involvement! The recent diocesan expression of gratitude to 82 of the laity shows us that, with personal sacrifice and willingness, it can be done. These ordinary people in ordinary ways have done the extraordinary. Holy Redeemer Parish on the Cape in mobilizing the energies of all its parishioners was able to express the spirit and the doctrine of Christmas in ways that not only brought the real Christmas into the hearts of many lonely and ill people but also gave each participating parishioner a taste of the mission of the Church. Evangelizing-living and teaching the Gospel....,.-is not a matter of imposing something-a truth (the Gospel), a way (Salvation) on our brethren. Instead, it is, the Pope stated, "to propose to their (other's) consciences the truth of the Gospel and salvation in Jesus Christ . . . the choice of a way that even nonbelievers consider noble and uplifting." Evangelizing, the Pope warned, that living our faith must never be "in a purely decorative way as it were by applying a thin verneer, but in a vital way." Our 1976 Christian living must be, in the world of our Holy Father, "a witness of life", the primary tool of evangelization. Plan now to know the Divine Gift entrusted to us-the Son of God Himself - better during the new year. Maybe by reading more attentively the Know Your Faith Series, maybe by joining a discussion group, maybe by more careful daily reading of the Scriptures. Plan to know more intimately that Brother Who has been sent to us from Heaven in personal and public prayer. Plan now to become involved in parish and apostolic groups and ministries. Plan now while the calendar dates are still uncommitted, your pocket calendar still open and inviting with many empty spaces. No, it is not too late for a New Year's resolution. Oh, next December will not find you lest tired than this year but so much more alive and fulfilled-a proud brother and sister of Jesus Christ, in love with Him and proud to say and show it to everyone. Letters Welcome Letters to the editor are welcomed. All letters should be brief and the editor reserves the right to condense any letters if deemed necessary. All letters must be signed and contain a home or business address.


OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 410 Highland Avenue Fall River Mass. 02722 675-7151 PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., H.D. ACTING EDITOR FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATOR Rev. John R. FoIster, S.T.L. Rev. Msgr. John Regan .....,leary Preas-路 Fall River

Free Information Moynihan noted that one reason it was easy to criticize Chile and South Africa for human rights violations was that enough freedom remained in those countries that information about dissent and violations of human rights was still available.

WALK IN THE LIGHT OF THE LORD: That theme is illustrated from these readings from the weekend of Jan. 4: First - Jerusalem shall lead all nations into the light of the lord (Isaiah 60: 1-6); Second - Gentiles and Jews alike shall walk in the light of the lord (Ephes. 3:2-3; 5-6); Gospel - The wise of the world bring gifts to the light of the World (Matt. 2: 1-12).



Washi~~~;~Report One of the most colorful recent developments in political life has been the flamboyant and controversial performance of the new United States ambassador to the United Nations, Daniel Patrick Moynihan. Moynihan has attracted a wide following because of his <lutspoken defense of American interests, a similarly outspoken defense of Israel, including opposition to a UN resolution defining Zionism as a form of racism, and his criticism of Ugandan leader Idi Amin as a "racist murderer." But one unfortunate, if unintended, result of Moynihan's attention drawing actions has been a revival of supp<>rt for American withdrawal from the UIN. Because of this, Moynihan's performance needs a better perspective-it is the UN which is the real issue, not Moynihan himself. One veteran Catholic observer of foreign affairs describes Moynihan's performance this way: "It's easy to draw attention to the drunk on the block, but it's much more difficult to draw attention to the alcoholic on the block." Subtle Problems In this analogy, Moynihan is successful in drawing attention to the drunk in the UN, whether it's the speech of an Amin or the anti-Israeli actions of the Gen-

eral Assembly, but is much less successful in drawing attention to the more subtle and complex problems facing the UN. In an effort to put the recent General Assembly debate in perspective, for example, the United Nations Association of the U. S. A. has circulated a brochure emphasizing that political activity accounts for a minority of UN action; its most important work is done through agencies such as the World Health Organization and the Food and Agricultural Organization, which perform valuable services through nonpolitical international cooperation. There is also a danger that Moynihan's counter-offensive at the UN will lead to complacency about America's own performance. For example, Moynihan recently introduced a proposal at the UN urging the release of all political prisoners jailed for nonviolent acts. Moynihan noted that the United States had supported similar resolutions aimed at Chile and South Africa. Human Rights But, he said, 23 of the 60 cosponsors of the resolution aimed at Chile and 16 of the 23 cosponsors of the resoluti<ln aimed at South Africa themselves held political prisoners. The selective morality of the

Introducing Israel into the argument, Moynihan argued that the issue of human rights was being used by the UN General Assembly to discredit democracies, while severe human rights violations in other countries remained hidden. On one level, Moynihan's argument has been taken as a defense of Chile and South Africa, which are not democracies. One of the most difficult problems in public life is to talk about a "lesser evil," if that is in fact the case with those two countries, without seeming to portray it as a greater good. Political Aid On another level, Sen. Frank Church (D-Ida.) has pointed out that "Mr. Moynihan's laudable position would be immensely strengthened if the U. S. aid program was itself less political and more supportive of human rights." The Ford Administration, for example, opp<>sed a provision in the current foreign aid bill which would allow Congress to stop American aid to a country involved in systematic violation of human rights if the Administration could not show that the aid was being used for the benefit of that nation's needy. Authoritarian Regimes At the same time, American military aid has been continually extended to countries in violations of human rights. In 1975, for example, Sen. Alan Cranston (d-Galif.) noted that some 80 per cent of American foreign aid went to "57 authoritarian g<lvernments." In compiling his list of those authoritarian countries, Cranston used material from the same source - "the private organization Freedom House - which Moynihan used in determining the number of cosponsors of the Chile and South Africa resolutions which held political prisoners. P. S. The National Council of Churches (NCC) and the Jesuit Office of Social Ministries have both opposed the passage of S. I, a highly criticized prop<>sed reform of the criminal code. S. 1 has been called the "Watergate Memorial Act" because it was developed by former Attorney General John Mitchell. The NCC and the Jesuit Social ministry office concluded that it is "politically impossible" to make all the needed changes in the massive 750-page bill.

==~II.!::I=L=et=t=e=r=s=t=o=t=h=e=ed="=it=o=r=====.II,=== Only Yesterday Mystical Body THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Jan. 2, 1976

Dear Father: Once in a while I read something which I feel I must comment on. In this instance, I am referring to Kay Mack's letter published in Dec. 4 edition of the Anchor. As much as I admire her stand her character and obvious mountain of faith, I cannot believe her naivety. May I clarify? To begin with she is under the assumption that both partners in a marriage have the same strong convictions and faith. Both may be Catholics and yet have very different personal attitudes and feelings about faith, the Church's teachings and even God. These attitudes are all colored by individual backgrounds and experi. ences. No two people experience faith in the same way. Obviously Mrs. Mack and her husband are extremely close and share firm convictions or she wouldn't have written her letter. For her this is wonderful! But she is being undealistic if she thinks this philosophy can apply to every married couple in the Church. There are many couples who love each other very much and so ACCEPT each others shortcomings that other people must put up with. Acceptance is a huge part of love which Christ was constantly preaching about. There are sometimes numerous valid reasons why cou"'les choose to limit the size of their families. Economic, emotional, physical, to name a few. To deny the existence of these is like not using all the God-given intelligence we possess. To ignore these conditions when they do exist and continue to bring children into such an atmosphere is a questionable practice in my humble opinion. I take objection to Mrs. Mack's statement that: "I love Christ WHO IS the Church." As far as I know, Christ is founder of the Church, but please don't

tell me HE IS the Church. The Church is composed of people, you and I, priests, bishops, etc. oNe follow the teachings of Christ. Cbrist formed the Church for the salvation and welfare of HIS people (all people). I believe the Church hell'S us to interpret Christ's teachings. The very basis of his teaching can be summed up in the two greatest commandments: The Love of God. the Love of Neighbor. There have been instances when the Church has done a disservice to the responsibility of interpreting Christ's message. (The selling of indulgences, the inquisition) This was because of


Saddened Dear Editor: The dismissal of Father Bying. ton has saddened me. Those of us who know him, and of his dedication to Christ, and his love of people are disheartened that he should no longer be able to touch as many as he did through The Anchor. The changes that he engineered in his brief stay as editor were both needed and good. He was molding the paper into a publication that offered thought on issues that Catholics should face. He was willing to publish articles that dealt with sensitive, difficult, and controversial issues; for we must apply the teachings of Christ and the Church to our daily lives. I am sorry that the Bishop has decided to dismiss Father Byington from a position that permitted him to exercise his faith, intelligence, and personality to reach such a huge num路 ber of people. Sincerely, Lt. Edward J. Casey Fort Huachuca, Arizona (Ed.: We have already aBreed that Father Byington did wonderful things but that was not the reason for his dismissal. Please refer to the past two issues.)

the human element within the Church. I think a good Catholic must follow his Church's teachings as best he can, using Godgiven intelligence and conscience. A good Catholic should not judge, lest hebe judged. On the issue of abortion I agree with Mrs. Mack. Once life is begun I feel there should be no interruption of it. I can't justify this with theological reasoning. That is out of my league. It is something I FEEL -because of my own personal convictions. I feel I must pray for understanding for people who do not share this point of view. For this I cannot judge them, I am not God. I try to reo member that faith is a gift, from God, and perhaps they have not received theirs yet. I would take my stand before them, but would not force my opinions on them. Thank You. With Love, Mrs. Norman Michaud Somerset (Ed.: The doctrine of the Church as the Mystical Body of Christ is well founded in the Scriptures (St. Paul), the encyclicals of popes, and the Vatican Council II..)

in - The ANCHOR DECEMBER 29, 1960

Bishop Connolly announced plans for the first night ordination; the ordinandi would be Rev. James F. Greene; Rev. James F. Kelley and Rev. Thomas E. Morrissey ... The Richelieu Club presented Bishop Connolly with a donation for gifts for children; presenters were: Bernard Theroux, secretary; Philias M. Garant, vice-president; C. H. Camille Whitehead, president ... Mrs.

Michael J. McMahon and Miss Julia Harrington, president and vice-president of the Fall River Catholic Women's Club, were hostesses for Bishop's Night ... Rev. Eugene Dion, late pastor of Blessed Sacrament Church was the host of a DCCW meeting to plan the Bishop's Ball; speakers were Mrs. Gladys Barre, Mrs. Bradley McDermott and Miss Margaret M. Lahey.

DECEMBER 30, 1965 Edward J. Angelo of St. Mary's Parish, New Bedford, was named president of the Diocesan Confraternity of Christian Doctrine ... Bishop Connolly celebrated Mass opening a "Day of Professional and Spiritual Excellence" at Stonehill College. Special participants were: Sr. Mary Tharcisus of Uganda, Africa, and Bro. Herman E. Zacca-

relli, C.S.C.... Betsey Mc路 Carty was head cheerleader at Bishop Cassidy High in Taunton; Paula Coelho was the new athletic association president ... Parishioners of Our Lady of Purgatory in New Bedford venerated a Blessed Sharbel Relic during their midnight Christmas Mass.

DECEMBER 31, 1970

Bishop's Ball Continued from Page Three Ball will commemorate the bicentennial of the founding of our nation. Colonial dress is optional for the patrons of the Ball. Bishop Cronin Guest of Honor Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, S.T.D., bishop of the diocese, will be the guest of honor and the principal speaker. Bishop Cronin thanks all the benefac路 tors and committee workers of this charitable event for their contribution of effort and funds for this worthy cause of charity. The funds from the Ball help to support four Nazareth Hall Schools for the exceptional children and four summer camps for the underprivileged and exceptional children of the southeastern area of Massachusetts. Rev. Msgr. Anthony M. Gomes, diocesan director of the Ball, stated today that names for the various categories of the Bishop's Charity Ball booklet are still being received at Ball Headquarters, 410 Highland Aev., Fall River, 02720, tel. 676-8943. Tickets may be obtained from the Catholic Church rectories, memo bers of the Ball Committee and from members of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul and Council of Catholic Women. Tickets will be available at the Ballroom on the night of the Ball.

Rev. Msgr. John A. Silvia, pastor emeritus of St. John the Baptist Parish, New Bedford, was hailed as a man of principle, a sower of priestly dedication, an architect of vocations during his funeral eulogy . . . Seminarians met with Bishop Cronin; among those pictured with him during his first visit with students are now Rev. Richard W. Beaulieu, Rev. Michel G. Methot and Rev. Daniel F. Hoye ... Rev. Philip Davig-

gnon hosted a Christ Child Birthday Party for his youthful parisioners at St. Pius X Church in So. Yarmouth ... Our Lady of Angels Parish, Fall River, was the first to receive the Sunday visits of the then new Bishop Cronin ... The 'Attleboro District Serra Club sponsored a Bishop Feehan Holiday Basketball Tournament for teams from Franklin, Stoughton, Taunton and Feehan high schools.

A MATTER OF, KEEPING HOUSE Let's help take care of our world. It was created in good form. Environmental concern is PEOPLE HELPING PEOPLE



JAN. 10


Rev. Jourdain Charron, O.P., Dominican Priory, Fall River Rev. George H. Flanagan, 1938, Pastor, Immaculate Conception, Fall River JAN. 13

KNIGHTS' GIFT: Council No. 86 of the Knights of Columbus present a purse representing proceeds from their charitable projects of the past year to Bishop Cronin. Pictured are Lucien Roy, Deputy Grand Knight, left, and his son, Ronald Roy, Grand Knight, right.


Rev. Emile Plante, M.S., 1954, La Salette Seminary, Attleboro JAN. 15

Rev. Thomas F. Kennedy, 1948, Pastor, St. Joseph, Woods Hole



FUNERAL HOMES Serving All Faiths Regardless of Financial Circumstances For Over 102 Years CITY LOCATION 178 Winter Street Between Cherry & Locust Sts. FALL RIVER

SUBURBAN LOCATION 189 Gardners Neck Road North of Rt. 6 Intersection SWANSEA


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Jan. 2, 1976

Non-R1eading Johnny Out-Thinks His Parents You may have seen the recent articles about the low reading ability of college students. We have an "educated" mass of young people who can't read beyond a low grade level. Don't be alarmed. It's better than having college students who can read mag- and a tape recorder, standard nificently but can't think be- audio-visual equipment in toyond a low grade level. day's schools. There were While it's true that some matched sets of film strips and of this poor showing is due to the deterioration of some school systems, I believe a great deal of it results from the different



emphasis given reading and writing in today's schools. When I was in school we had text books which we read, notebooks in which we copied notes written on the board, and looseleaf paper for turning in assignments. A radical innovation' had just started in my last years in high school ... a regents' review book in which some teachers let us mark the answers to multiple choice questions. Others still insisted these questions be rewritten. (It was a sin to deface a book.) So we spent hours copying from books. Just the answer was not sufficient. We wrote the whole question and the whole answer in full sentences. Presumably we could go back and study from these "notes." While we learned to read, and write in full sentences, I'm afraid a tremendous amount of information passed from the notes on the board to our copy books without ever going through our brains. And the time it took! I becallle aware of the changes in teaching techniques when mononucleosis kept one of my , daughters out of school for two months. Tutors, some of whom were her regular teachers, visited her at home. It gave me an unusual close-up view of today's educational process. The chemistry teacher brought her a small film strip viewer,

Stresses Women's Leadership Role CINCINNATI (NC) - International Women's Year has focused on women's role in development and peace in 1975 but the role of women in the Church also needs to be promoted, Archbishop Joseph L. Bernardin of Cincinnati said at a Mass on the feast of the Immaculate Conception observing the close of International Women's Year. Speaking at St. Peter in Chains Cathedral to approx-' imately 400 women and men, the archbishop said women "are called today to a greater leadership role in the Church and their contributions to the decision-making process are needed at every level.

cassettes. The film strip and tape com,bined taught a concept. The tape then asked questions. My daughter noted just the answers on a matching worksheet. If her answers were correct she was instructed to go on to the next frame. But if any were wrong, the tape said which frames of the film should be studied to learn the correct answer. I'm sure more knowledge was transmitted more thoroughly in less time than if she had tried to learn it the way we were taught. But she read practically nothing! And wrote even less! Another marked difference in teaching techniques was that my daughter asked many questions ... and all the teachers answered. I had a few teachers who allowed questions, recognizing that something was understood and needed more explanation. But in most classes, if a teacher asked, "Are there any questions?" you knew it was better to say, "No." A question meant that you hadn't been paying attention. So it was safer' to reread those copious notes to look for the answer. I oevrheard my daughter say to the tutor, "But Sister, I don't understand that." And Sister reexplained. My daughter re-questioned, "You're not getting my point. If you look at it this way . ,." Sister said, "Now I see where you were confused, . ." and questions and discussions continued ... from both sides ... until there was a solid understanding of the concept. But most impressive was that there was respect . . . coming from both sides. I've read papers my kids have written and been disappointed by their poor spelling and grammar. But the papers also showed they had grasped some concepts which are beyond my own capabilities. So while. I have a deep attachment to reading and writing, I do have to acknowledge that our children are learning by seeing, hearing, and questioning. And I believe they are acquiring more knowledge that will stick with them longer than the information we read, wrote, and recited ... but never understood. Let's remember these kids are growing up in a world where communication is by telephone and TV. Words and picture preserved in tape are part of their lives. The written word will never be as important to them as it has been to us. And I suppose, too, back in the early history of man, someone was upset about the upcoming generation who did nothing but draw pictures' and put marks on the wall instead of learning to grunt as any proper cavechild should ...

Sr. Agnes Douglas Is Jubilarian 37 of Golden Years In Fall River Diocese BY PAT McGOWAN When Sister Agnes Gertrude Douglas was a young woman in London, England, she chanced into a Catholic reading room and leafed through a magazine. She saw an advertisement for the Franciscan Missionaries of Mary. "The first line read, 'Will you contribute to our work?' the second read, 'Will you pray for us?' The third jumped out at me as if the letters were alive: 'Would you like to join us?' I had never heard of the Franciscan Missionaries of Mary before, but somehow I knew that was what 1 wanted," said the now 80-yearold religious. So young Agnes Douglas noted the community's address, and within a few days made her way to its doorstep. "I told the sister who opened the door that I wanted to see the mother superior," she recounted. "She said the superior was very busy, and could I tell her what I wanted. So I blurted out, all in a rush, 'I want to be a postulant in your order.' " It was the beginning of a halfcentury of religious life for Sister Agnes Gertrude , who celebrated her golden jubilee Monday at the Franciscan Missionaries of Mary convent at 621 Second St., Fall River. Bishop Cronin was principal celebrant o~ a Mass of thanksgiving and was among guests of honor at a following reception attended by Sisters from all parts of New England. Thirty-seven ()f the jubilarian's 50 years in religion have been spent in Fall River, for the most part at Espirito Santo School, first as a teacher and then as an office aide. In recent years she has been at the Second Street convent, aiding in secretarial and bookkeeping tasks. Born in Lanchashire England, Sister Agnes Gertrude became at age 11 a "little mother" to her three-year-old sister, when their own mother died. She recalls being the first child in her school to make first communion at age 10, when Pope Pius X, later canonized, lowered the age of receiving this sacrament. She also recalls a Sister of Mercy saying to her at age 14, "If you ever want to be a nun, write to me, and I'll give you a good reference." "'Me a nun? Never!' I told her," chuckled Sister Agnes Gertrude. For some years after completing her education she worked in

Date For Easter JERUSALEM (NC)-The Latin patriarch of Jerusalem, acting on a proposal of Pope Paul VI that Catholics and other Christians find a common date for Easter, has approached not only the Orthodox Church in the Holy Land but Orthodox leaders visiting from abroad. The patriarch, Archbishop Giacomo Beltritti, said that leaders he had spoken to from the Rumanian, Armenian and Russian Orthodox churches "were all in favor" of the Pope's projosal.

BISHOP CRONIN AND SISTER AGNES DOUGLAS the London post office, then did a stint of child care work before entering the Franciscan Missionaries of Mary. "It was as if the community was tailor made for me," she said. "I was a Third Order Franciscan and I had a special devotion to Mary, and everything I learned about the Franciscan Missionaries fitted in with what I liked." After two and a half years in France at the Franciscan motherhouse, Sister Agnes Gertrude returned to England, where part of her work was door-to-door begging. Her hazel eyes sparkled as she recalled those days. "I loved begging," she said. "All my life I'd longed to do something for the Church, and now I was." In 1929 the young religious was sent to the United States, where she worked initially at the Franciscan provincial house in Providence and then went to Fall River for the first of many assignments. There followed a year at St. Francis Orphanage in Woon-

socket and even a trip to Miami to sell fine needlework from the community's foreign missions. "But the depression had begun and we had a hard time selling the work," she recounted. From 1938 to 1944 Sister Agnes Gertrude was assigned to a school for black children in Cincinnati. "How those tots loved Jesus!" she exclaimed. At the same time she was attending summer classes at the Holy Union Sisters Teachers' College in Fall River, and in 1944 she returned to Espirito Santo School for nine years. Periods in St. Louis and Providence came next, until in 1959 Sister Agnes Gertrude received her present assignment in Fall River. "Whatever happens to me, it's all for the Church and souls," summed up the octogenarian. "I don't mind where I am-I love to think of the dear Lord," she concluded, lovingly pointing out an exquisite handmade figure of the Infant in the convent's Christmas creche. "Everything is for Him."

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Jan. 2, 1976'

Wlelc,om,es Retu,rn of Gentl,e


Femi'ninie Styles of Fifties' Nostalgia sometimes rolls over us in waves when certain images evoke memories buried deep in our subconscious. Such a wave hit me over the weekend when I watched a movie made in the early fifties and also came across an old magazine article on a Good Prices new-found material of that What intrigued me about the same era. The fashions in photos that accompanied the arthe movies were those in ticle was that the dresses picvogue when I first graduated from high school and suddenly became caught up in fashion. It was great fun to 'see the strapless gowns, longer skirts and


wide shoulders that were considered high fashion for that period. Oddly enough, fashions of the present have gone back to that time for many of their inspirat ions. Some of today's outfits have the fitted waistlines, slender sleeves, full skirts and longer hemlines that characterized the fashions of 1952. Even the slouch hats and softened hair didn't look that unfamiliar. In flipping through the magazine article I noted to my amazement that orion was marketed for the first time in 1951 and was being touted as the material that miracles are made of. Finally designers as Ceil Chapable fabric that resembled wool in appearance and properties while giving its wearer the ability to launder it himself or herself.

Light and Darkness "Religious truth is neither light nor darkness, but both together, it is like the dim view of a country seen in the twilight, with forms half extricated from the darkness with broken lines, and isolated masses." - John Henry Newman, "Essays and Sketches," Vol. I, 1835.

tured were just lovely and would be perfect today, and the prices were pretty good too. Fullskirted outfits, even those by such designers as Ceil Chapman, were selling in the $100 price range. Today that price would have at least doubled. While every season brings nostalgia in some form in the fashion field, the 1975 interest in the longer skirt, belted waistline and slender bodice is more than strongly a look of the fifties. If any of my readers can remember back to that period, you'll recall that dresses were the most important item in your wardrobe and if you had one designed by Ann Fogarty you really were special. Fogarty was the designer who made the full skirt and tiny waistline the feminine look to end all looks. The small collar, a la Peter Pan, with just a touch of a flower at either the waistline or neckline, the floating skirt, and the combinations of such colors as white and black, or shades of mauve and blue were all her trademark and women who loved to look like women bought the Fogarty collection. When I was in college and during my early years of teach. ing my favorite dress shop carried Fogartys and good imitations of her. My goal was to own a few, and if I remember correctly a great deal of my first year's teaching salary went to this shop. Then, when you were looking for a dress it wasn't where can I find a pretty one, it was rather how can I choose one when they are all so beautiful. Whether it was TV, the movies, . or just inspiration that caused designers to harken back to the fifties for the designs of '75, I for one welcome the return of the feminine dress.

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Catholic education in the United States, following a trail blazed by colonial predecessors, started at the top-with colleges and seminaries-and worked its way down the scholastic ladder. When we look for the first signs of Catholic education we see mixed schools: places that either were or wanted to be both colleges and seminaries. This mixed school aspiration lived for decades. Young men entering an early Catholic college (for example: Georgetown, St. Mary's of Baltimore, Spring Hill, Mount St. Mary's, Saint Louis, Fordham, Villanova, Holy Cross, Notre Dame and St. Vincent) between 1786 and 1850 were mostly from families of social and economic substance. With few exceptions, their motives fOr study were broadly professional. Some were just little boys barely able to read while others, in their late teens, possessed a respectable background in schooling. All, however, were classified as college students. The disciplinary code of the college--and more often than not the curriculum, too-applied to everyone. The college movement started in the colonies with the founding of Harvard (1636), so the first Catholic college, Georgetown (1876), was not sailing entirely' uncharted waters. In company with colonial colleges preceding them, Catholic colleges adopted the prevailing philosophy that educatipn should be religious in content and purpose. They also prepared students for the seminary, whereas Protestant colleges were really theological schools or seminaries. A course of study believed best suited to seminary preparation and entirely compatible with the current educational practice was classical. To master the classics required considerable time and effort, so the conventual college course was seven years. In these seven years, with few vacations and only limited distractions for leisure, sport and fun, students followed what today amounts to a high school and a college course of study. The curricular model was Jesuit even when the college was not under Jesuit control because in Europe Jesuits enjoyed a twocentury reputation for scholastic excellence. Students in Jesuit colleges had only one teacher - the class teacher-for their entire college course. This teacher took a beginning class of boys and stayed as its master for seven years. Upon completion of the academic cycle the teacher took another class of first grammarians and the process began anew. The educational commitment was to discipline of the mind, a theory carrying with it the assurance that a properly formed mind was capable wrestling with

GEORGE AT GEORGETOWN: President George Washington addresses students from the porch of Georgetown University's "Old North" building in 1796. Catholic education in the United States started at the top-with colleges and seminaries-in keeping with a general education trend in colonial America. Georgetown, the first Catholic college, was founded in 1789. NC Photo. the burning questions of the day. Specialization was paid no heed, and, despite the colleges' allegiance Mother Church, special courses ,in religion were not in the curriculum. The college teacher was confident of his ability to exploit the classical course, drawing from it all important religious and theological issues, without setting religion apart. The only early-college departure from this practice occurred in the case of young students who needed basic catechetical instruction. As long as colleges were classical schools the seven-year program remained in force, but with the erosion of the classical course shortly after the Civil War Catholic colleges began to adopt patterns of school organization they found all around them: the separate high school and the four-year college.

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Along with variations in the classical curriculum - to add commercial courses and English -Catholic colleges saw the need for and began to develop separate studies in religion. It was admittedly hard to ex-. tract from non-classical studies (say, bookeeping) a religious perspective, so for the first time we begin to see religion required for all students and eventually adopted as the central and distinctive feature of the Catholic college in the United States. The assumption that discrete religious instruction is a perennial characteristic of Catholic higher education is mainly historical myth. Catholic colleges experienced some difficulty in divorcing Turn to Page Thirteen

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall Riyer-hi., Jan. 2, 1976

Cannot Yet Evaluate Impact of Vatican II VATICAN CITY (NC-A drop in Mass attendance, the "religious illiterarcy" of many young American Catholics and other current problems are not the fault of the Second Vatican Council, the highest-ranking U. S. churchman in the Church's central administration maintains. On the 10th anniversary of the council's closing, Cardinal John Wright, prefect of the Vatican's Congregation for the clergy, shared his thoughts with NC News. Cardinal Wright, 66, was a member of the council's theological commission and chairman of several subcommittees such as that on the human person and that on the laity. NC News: Is it possible to evaluate an event as monumental as a general council only 10 years after its closing? Cardinal Wright: Absolutely not, or at least not in final terms. For one thing the generation do·

ing the evaluating is the same generation that produced the council, and no one is a judge In his own case. Secondly, a council cannot be evaluated in short-term perspective. How long was it before other councils revealed their enduring and authentic impact. It was 100 years before Trent began to realize its objectives and this was not surprising .since the council Fathers had been obliged to wander about like gypsies seeking a place to hold the council without interference from local authorities. It took one generation just to gather Trent's findings. Vatican I can't ,be evaluated in anything like final terms yet. It is far more the subject of contemporary debate than most things which emerged from Vatican II. So many of the ideas of Vatican II were the ideas of John Henry Cardinal Newman, and

look how long they've been coming to maturation. Besides what the council really said is not yet known by many people.


NC News: Why is this so? Cardinal Wright: In part, because of the problem of mass communications. Before all the Fathers of the council within the council hall itself know what was being said it appeared in ambiguous fomi on the front page of newspapers. This is a fact of life. The media communicates mass information, not mass understanding. Vatican II has been the victim of ,the tendency of mass communications to diffuse incomplete or not-yet-completed information. Then, too, a tremendous amount of second-guessing went on in public in books and in newspapers. This contributed to an extraordinary confusion over what the council actually said on anything. This was compounded by the immediate apptarance after the council ended of translations of the decrees of Vatican II. How

could such translations have been scholarly? Fortunately, a scholarly translation has just been completed by Irish Dominican Father Austin Flannery. NC News: Has tOOay's Catholic accepted the post-concillar Church? Cardinal Wright: In my six years in Rome I've been visited at the congregation (for the clergy) by at least 4,000 Amer· icans and large numbers of French, English and Scots. The vast majority seems to, have never heard of the 'post-conciliar Church.' Now the Church itself - the central realities which they accepted on the day of their baptism-these they continue to accept. The great debates of the theologians on the minutiae are cocktail party stuff for them. NC News: Which decrees of the Council have they assimTurn to Page Nine

• Personal Dedication In Toil Decades-Long

CONGRATULATIONS: Rev. Msgr. Bernard J. Fenton, left, pastor. of St. Joseph Parish, No. Dighton, looks on proudly as two recipients,. Mrs. Jean Roy of No. Dighton and Miss Mary Harvey of No. Easton examine the new medal. Taunton recipients look on gladly. Rev. Cornelius J. O'Neill, pastor of St. James Parish, New Bedford, shows !lis joyful appreciation to Mrs. Mary Bettencourt, Mrs. Ida Poirier, Mrs. Beatrice Ponte, Mrs. Mary Roderick, all of New Bedford, and Mrs. Amelia Pina of Marion, Lower left: the Martha's Vineyard pastors, Rev. Paul G. 'Connolly of 81. Augustine's and Rev. James W. Clark of Sacred Heart's congratulate Peter Valenti of Chappaquiddick.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of fall River-hi., Jan. 2, 1916


Causes for Present Religious Illiteracy suIt of an alleged permissive ilated best and which least? Cardinal Wright: They have spirit of the council. When I was a child in public best assimilated those which are closest to their lives-the liturgy school, people used to point to as the faith lived out, for in- the drop-off in Sunday school attendance. And what caused it? stance. Things which before the coun- The automobile. Today the Mass cil would have been part of con- attendance drop-off is not due versations before or after Mass to a lack of faith as much as are now often brought up within to the late-night show. the liturgy itself-at the prayers There are whole areas of "~he council's work where people of the faithful, for example. Any antics about the liturgy- have assimilated nothing since and there was a whole flood of so many have never read the them-are becoming a thing of documents. Ecclesiology, for inthe past and won't have to be stance. taken into account in a longThey have assimilated ecurange evaluation of the council. menism only superficially. For There has been a drop in Mass years we didn't go into a Protattendance since the council estant church. Then, all of a ended, yes. .sudden, we were running around But there are understandable each others' sanctuaries in a human reasons which are re- manner which probably explains sponsible and which are consis- why Protestants, too, now seemtent with the psychology of an ed to have cooled a bit on ecuacross-the-board permissive so- menism. My own personal opinion is that ciety. The drop-off is not the re-

we should have come to know one another better in the work, and thus learn to love one another. Perhaps ecumenism began in the wrong place-the sanctuary rather than in the marketplace and the neighborhood. What latter kind of ecumenism would contribute to the building up of the kingdom of God-the rest is just kids' stuff. NC News: Pope Paul has announced that the theme of the 1977 Synod of Bishops wiil be catechetics, especially for children and young people. This comes at a time when many American parents feel that the post-conciUar Church has destroyed religious education. Did the council deal thoroughly enough with this question? Cardinal Wright: The announcement of the synod theme comes at a time when many American parents are worried

sick about the religious illiteracy of their children. What caused it? One reason is that religion has been driven out of the public schools by Supreme Court decree. Another cause is the flight of Roman Catholics to the suburbs and away from the big city schools which were once our pride and to no small degree our strength. These suburbanites with subunban mentalities prefer discussion groups to real teaching. Another cause has been the shrink in vocations. But this is not the problem that the shift in apostolates among the Sisters has been. I regret that 路many Sisters are tired of the classroom and of the enormous privilege of teaching someone else's children. The council did not deal thoroughly enough with catechet-

ics and, for this reason, the first synod had to take it up. The catechetical directory which the Holy See put out is a great success, but not in the way it was intended; that is, as a guide for bishops and teachers from which to write their own catechisms. 'Even parents - parents who who are probably unprepared to understand the technical directory-are ordering catechisms by the dozens to be used as actual catechisms of instruction. The need, of course, is for catechisms. NC News: How do you think history will judge the council? Cardinal Wright: Both by reason of temperament and because I've read a little history-but also because I believe in the presence of the Holy Spirit-I cannot help but be optimistic about what the long-range effect of the council will be.

We All Owe Great Debt of Gratitude to God

JOYFUL CEREMONY: Rev. Normand Boulet of St. Joseph Parish, Attleboro, top left, seeks to congratulate his parishioner Albert Mousseau as other Attleboro recipients gather proudly. Top right: John L. Brown of Assonet instills joy in participants as he received his Marian Medal. Lower left: A crowded cathedral witness the Diocese expressing thanks and Friar Paul Rotondi, OFM, pastor of St. Louis in Fall River, congratulates his parishionel Mrs. Mary St. Michel.


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-fri., Jan. 2, 1976

Important Clergy Activity Is Working With Youth

Nationls Economic Planning Only Mode of Survival

I was as out in the old neighborhood the other night and decided I would stop by the "high-club" dance to see whether anything had changed in the last 20 years. It appeared that everything was the same. Just as a friend and I appeared at the door of the hall (not at the same parish wonder why they stop going to before they are 20. in which I had once worked) church I may be getting old. The sura group of freshmen girls est sign of old age among the

Ten years ago next February the National Commission on Technology, Automation, and Economk Progress, in its final report to President Lyndon Johnson, recommended that some sort of representative body be established for the purpose of carrying on a continuing discussion of national mon framework of assumptions upon the basis of which both economic goals. While the government and private organCommission cautiously stop- izations would determine their

ped short of advocating national economic planning, its labor members, in a minority footnote, stated flatly that some form of

Iy MSGR. GEORGE G. HIGGINS coordinated national planning is essential in order to assure not only sustained full employment but the proper allocation of economic resources to guarantee prompt meeting of our most urgent national needs in both the public and private sectors. The labor members hastened to add that the kind of economic planning they envisioned would inolve no compulsion, but would seek, rather, to establish a com-

Marian Awards


Continued from Page Three priests, the Religious for whom he begged vocations and the youth of the diocese. "May they grow in the tradition of faith shown and acknowledged here this afternoon," the prelate prayed. "We are all tempted from time to time," Bishop Cronin stated, "to think that we can do things on our own. We can't. No one is sufficient unto himself. Everybody needs the other fellow. We need this particularly in our own individual families. "But we need it also in society; we need it in the Church and in our own diocese. And I think the greater the possibility of thinking that we are all dependent one on the other and that we all owe a great debt of gratitude to the Good Lord as a common family in faith ... the quicker we realize that the better off we will all be.' "That is true of our country; that is true of the world," the Bishop explained. The prelate concluded his brief address by offering his personal thanks to the laity "who help us to do so much, as we help you by our service." He thanked the priests and promised his assistance in their efforts. The Diocesan Ordinary was aSSisted by Rev. Roger Gagne, pastor of St. Mark Parish, Attleboro Falls, and Rev. William S. Shovelton, pastor of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Parish, Seekonk. Rev. Barry W. Wall, assistant pastor of St. Mary's Cathedral, served as the Deacon of Exposition for the Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament that concluded the service.

separate policies and actions. In the atmosphere prevailing at that time, even such a limited form of national economic planwas anathema in many circles. To its critics, it was synonymous with "creeping socialism"." Persuasive Evidence Many Americans are still convinced, of course, that national economic planning is irreconcilable with private enterprise and the so-called "American way of life." But, as Otis L. Graham, Jr., professor of history at the University of California, Santa Barbara, points out in a new book, "Toward A Planned Society: From Roosevelt to Nixori" (Oxford University Press, New York. $11.95), the tide is beginning to turn in favor of planning with a capital P. "We seem," Professor Graham says, "on the eve of a workable consensus that the time has cOme to plan and to openly debate the many choices that the planning framework permits." The evidence which he marshals in support of this conclusion is persuasive. The reason, Graham says, that the Amearican people-even, or especially, a significant number of leading industrialists - are more open today to the concept of planning than at any time since the Great Depression is very simple: "Not since the 1930s have there been such doubts about the fundamental workability of the political economy." In other words, there is a growing recognition of the fact that our boom-and-bust economy is in serious trouble and that coordinated national economic planning is the only way to bring it under control and make it serve the public interest. Non-Partisan Bill To this end, Senators Humphrey and Javits have introduced a non-partisan bill known as the Balanced Growth and Economic Planning Act of 1975. It would create a system that combines policy decision by the government agencies with voluntary cooperation by business, state and local interests. Detailed background information on the purpose and contents of the bill can be obtained by writing directly to Sen. Hubert Humphrey or Sen. Jacob Javits, care of the United States Senate. The Humphrey-Javits bill enjoys the support of a wide range of businessmen, labor leaders, economists, et al. Some of its supporters may expect too much to come of it. By the same token, some of its critics may be overly concerned about the possibility of its leading to a form of statism or "creeping socialism." 'Professor Graham has some sound advice for both: "Those who fear (national economic planning)," he says, "ought to

came out of the door. 'INo one's there," they reported. This used to mean that there were between 200 and 400

NEW ARCHBISHOP: Pope Paul VI has appointed Jan Cardinal Willebrands, president of the Vatican Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity, to succeed Bernard Cardinal Alfrink as Archbishop of Utrecht and Pri· mate of The Netherlands. He will remain as president of the Vatican Secretariat.

ACLU Suit. Continued from Page Three the summer, .1972, issue of Sociological Analysis to support this view. "They report," the League said, "that 45.1 per cent of black Protestants say ghetto Catholic schools are more likely than public schools to provide high quality education for their children. Only 26.8 per cent of black Protestants say public schools are more likely to provide high quality education, while 28.2 per cent say there is no difference between Catholic and public schools." The study also found that 67.6 per cent of black Catholics said Catholic schools are more likely than public schools to provide high quality ducation, 10.8 per cent favored the public scchools, and 21.6 per cent saw no difference, the League said. "In its attacks on Catholic schools, the ACLU pretends to act as protector of black educational interests, notwithstanding the fact that both Protestant and Catholic blacks look upon Catholic schools as the best source of quality education for their children," the League statement said. "The ACLU might well consult blacks before it cavalierly identifies its own antiCatholic ideology with black interests."

fear more moderately, and for the very long run. Those who hope (for utopian results from planning) . . . the same... Planning is only a mode of survival, as risky as any other, for example a republic under a written constitution in the 18th century. It happens to be the only mode of survival. Yet there are no guarantees." That puts it all in a nutshell. Now let's get on with the job that needs to he done. As a first tentative step in the right direction, the Congress ought to give serious consideration to the Humphrey-Javits bill and, hopefully, enact it into law as soon as possible. Times a'wasting.


ANDREW M. GREELEY kids inside but that no one who was important was there-that is, no one who the departing adolescents knew well. If the people were not there whose presence made it the place to be on a Friday night then obviously no one was there and one had to begin a desperate search to find the place where "everyone" was. So my friend and I laughed and entered the hall agreeing that teenagers never change. But it turned out that the young women had spoken the literal truth; not only were there no trend setters inside, there was no one at all. The place was as empty as Soldiers Field during the last quarter ofa Bears' game. 'Kiddy Apostolate' I later cornered a teenager I knew and asked why no one was at the dance. No one was ever at them, she replied. Didn't the priests go, I asked. She looked at me like I was crazy. Oh, no, the priests were too busy to go to the teenage dances. Parents took turns presiding. Small wonder that no one was there. Well, far be it from me to criticize Friday evening bridge games in the rectory. I did a little discreet inquiry among clerical friends and discovered that while the number of young priests who work in the "kiddy apostolate" has gone up since the late sixties when virtually no one was involved, it's still not an attractive work for many of the junior clergyand of course the older clergy normally does not want to be caught dead with noisy troublemaking adolescents. Guides of Youth Small wonder that more than 60 per cent of the American Catholic population is not willing to give an "excellent" rating to its clergy's role as counselors and guides of the young. By any standard of religious impact, working with young people is second only to sermons as the most important activity in which the parochial clergy can engage. One hears a lot of them saying -sometimes literally and sometimes in effect-"Ieave the kids to the Catholic schools or the CCD." And then, of course you

c1ergy-or anyone else-is complaining about what your successors are doing. Maybe working with young people was the "thing" for my generation and I have no right to expect of a later-and presumably more sophisticated and hetter informed -generation. Just because I liked to do it-and still would like to if I could - I have no right to insist that other clergy should associate with adolescent monsters. Maybe. Identify Formation But some things are independent of generational fads. The social science evidence that adolescence is one of the two or three most critical religious periods in the developmental life cycle is beyond question. It is the time of "identity" and "ideology" formation, a time when a young person defines who he is and what he believes and, within the context of self-image and faith, makes the major decisions which will shape the rest of his life. These decisions about life and death, good and evil, love and hate may be modified at later turning points; but rarely will the adolescent choices be completely reversed; and never will such potential openness be available for religion. The clergy who work with young people are going to lose more than they win; the forces of home, school, peer group, social class and the mass media often overwhelm what meager influence the clergy can have. But if the clergy are not wrestling for the souls of their young people, a good question would be, why bother to have clergy. © 1975, Universal Press Sy'd'c'te

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• THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Jan. 2, 1976


KNOW YOUR FAITH A Visual History of Parish Life The Jews of Old Testament days did not have Kodak Instamatic cameras with convenient flash cubes to record inside and outside events throughout their long history. Instead past deeds were remembered, then handed down by word of mouth and later committed to the printed page.

By FR. JOSEPH M. CHAMPLIN A parish today is more fortunate. It can capture on film huge celebrations involving an entire congregation or smaller gatherings with only a few persons in attendance; it can likewise both photograph a liturgy within church or a dinner in the rectory and take movies of a parish picnic at the local park or a summer Bible school on the convent lawn. -St. Pius X Church on Cape Cod at South Yarmouth, Mass. was built only a few years ago. The modern structure has an

open baptistry located between the two main entrances. Parishioners have erected a large banner on the wall behind the font itself with these words spelled out on it in bright cloth letters: "Born to freedom in the Spirit.... During a visit there last summer, I noticed five color photographs fixed to the banner. A closer examination revealed these were small photos of proud parents holding new Christians in their arms. The name and baptismal date of the child had been typed on the edge of each picture. These most recent additions to the St. Pius X family included Ryan Cormack Burke and Jennifer Anne Burke, twins plunged into the saving' waters of Baptism on April 27, 1975. -St. Patrick's Church in Chittenango, New York is another parish which has attempted to record the year's big and small events on film. A volunteer photographer seeks to cover various activities from Baptisms to First Communion to Sunday liturgies to parish council meetings to the mammoth 500-person open-air Mass and parish picnic. The fruits of these labors are kept on file and in the Turn to Page Twelve

Historical Writing During Exile early historical books of the REV. JOHN J. CASTELOT, SS. Bible were written by men imEach of the traditions incor- bued with this spirit; hence the porated into the Law, or Penta- name Deuteronomic history. After the fall of Samaria in teuch, has its own distinctive flavor, vocabulary, style, theolog- 722 all of the data necessaary ical viewpoint. The teaching of for the early part of this history Moses and the circumstances were gathered together in Jerusurrounding it, especially the Ex- salem. There were the now anodus, became the central data cient biographies of David and of Hebrew tradition. But that Solomon, the Elijah and Elisha tradition was preserved and de- cycles, the official archives of veloped by no single authorita- Samaria and Jerusalem, the trative body. It was shaped by four . ditional accounts of the Exodus, main influences, of which we of the conquest of Canaan, of the have already seen two: the Yah- work of Joshua, the Judges, wist and the Elohist. At the base Samuel. The Deuteronomic edof all of them are the same his- itors found the atmosphere of torical events, the same funda- the reign of Josiah (640-609) mental teachings-much as at very favorable for putting tothe base of our four Gospels are gether a coherent and meaningthe historical events of Jesus' ful history based on this precious life and the truths he taught. The raw material. It was not, howfour traditions represent four ever, simply a matter of recordprovoidentially guided interpre- ing names and dates and places tations of the fundamental facts, and. events, but of interpreting the cold facts of Israel's past the basic teachings. from their own special point of The Book of Deuteronomy view-from God's point of view, contains one such interpretation. really. In this way the four It sees the past in terms of God's books which are known as the love and man's response, in Early or Former Prophets even· terms of worship in one official tually came into being: Joshua, . sanctuary, in terms of prosperity Judges, Samuel, and Kings. and disaster as dependent on the This history was completed nature of man's response to and edited sometime during the God's covenant love. This par- Exile. It was, in effect, a national ticular point of view is a typ- examination of conscience. Why ically prophetic one: It reflects were they exiled far from home, the same penetrating sense of defeated, humiliated, subjugated, history which is of the essence their homeland devastated, the of proJlhetic inspiration. And, as Temple a heap of smoking rubProvidence would have it, the Turn to Page Twelve



IILet Us Make Man l l How old is the universe'~ If you consult the dateline of a newspaper in Tel Aviv you will learn that the religious Jew lives in the year 5736 from the first day of creation. If you consult the modern scientist he wilI talk in the language of light years that stagger the mind. It was not until the period of the exile in the sixth century B.C. that the Israelites were challenged by the creation stories in circulation to write a creation history of their own. The history is known as the "P" or Priestly account of creation (Gen 1:1-2:4a), and is distinguished from the "Y" or Yahwist account of the story of the first man, written four centuries earlier. Until these two accounts were written under the inspiration of God, the Israelites were not particularly interested in a transcendent God, the make of the universe and the Father of all men. Enough that Yahweh was their God and they were Yahweh's sons; more than enough that Yahweh was the husband of Israel and Israel Yahweh's chosen bride. Enough that their God was better than all other rival gods and that what these other gods could do, Yahweh could do better. Like small children, they delighted in proving that "my father is bigger and better than your father." But now they were to learn from God's revelation through the Law and the Prophets that Yahweh was not only the God of Abraham but the only God, that Yahweh had made a covenant not only with Israel but . with all men. Most important they would learn that unlike the Babylonian gods who evolved from the chaotic waters, their God has no beginning, that He simply Is, that Elohim is present before the heavens and the earth are created by Him, that the Spirit of God is over the waters of chaos to prepare for the first day of God's work week which will set the pattern for man's week of work before his rest on the Sabbath. The "school" of priests who fashioned the stanzas of the opening hymn of creation were no more scientific than their Babylonian oounterparts. But they had the inspired good sense not to confuse the world with their God, nor to people the sun and the moon and the stars with gods to be worshipped by man. Unlike the modern astronomer who is at times overawed by the galaxies and star clusters which dwarf man and his little earth, the priestly account of creation, for. all its lack of science, is wise in keeping God and the universe in proper perspective. The universe was made for man and man was made for God. The "P" account gets off to a good scientific start when it has God say: "Let there be light," . for without light there can be no

"Enough that their God was better than all other rival gods and that what these other gods could do, Yahweh could do better. Like small children, they delighted in proving that "my father is bigger and better than your father." God creates the darkness and the light in Michelangelo's painting from the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City. The symbol of a powerful God is part of the creation story. life. But the "light" of the first day is not the exploding and expanding universe of light that we associate with the stars. The lights described by "P" are simply the lighting fixtures for the home of man, who is to arrive on the sixth day. They are to be signs in the heavens to tell man the season of the year, the days of the month and the hour of the day which, for purposes of religious observance, begin with the evening before.

stars, by way of afterthought, has to be the understatement of all literature. For the astronomer it is a legitimate cause for amusement; for the astrologer a Turn to Page Twelve


"And God said, 'Let there be lights in the firmament ... And God made the two great lights, the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; he made the stars also" (1: 14-16). This reference to the

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THI: ANCHOR-Diocese of /-011 River-hi., Jan. 2, 1976

Historical Writing During Exile Continued from Page Eleven ble? The answer lay in their history, and from the deuteronomic point of view that history was a dismal record of consistent infidelity to the terms of the Covenant. This was their principle of interpretation, their judgment on their people. The last of the four traditions was the Priestly tradition, so called because it was given its final form by a 'school' of priest during the Exile. To them we owe the overall arrangement of the Pentateuch and some of its more important pages. The whole book of Leviticus, half of Exodus, two-thirds of Numbers, and about a fifth of Genesis, including the familiar account of creation in the very first chapter, are the working of the ~,iestly ,School. Space does not permit an adequate study of this work, but we can take a look at a representative sample: the creation story in Gn 1:1-2:4a. It displays many of the traits so characteristic of these writings. Its sublime majesty reveals an exalted notion of the all-holy transcendent God, who has simply to speak to bring these things into being. All creatures, animate and inanimate, come from Him, but he is infinitely far above them. How different this account is from the one in the following verses (from the earlier Yahwist tradition), in which God is portrayed as a gardener, a sculptor, a surgeon, even a tailor, walking with His creatures and conversing familiarly with them! It was once the fashion to see in this account all sorts of irreconcilable conflicts with the

Youth Coalition ST. LOUIS (NC)-The threeday National Youth Pro-Life Coalition (NYPLC) convention ended here with the unanimous adoption of a resolution calling for a constitutional amendment which would prohibit abortions anywhere in the United States. More than 400 delegates, by passage of the resolution, voiced their support of a Human Life Amendment, an alternative to a states' rights amendment favored by some anti-abortion groups, Mrs. Sue Hilgers, outgoing NY,PLC president, said.


natural sciences. But it is quite generally recognized now that the members of the Priestly School were first and foremost. theologians, not scientists. Their purpose was not to give an eyewitness account of creation (an impossibility to begin with), but to teach religious truth. They went about their task in characteristic fashion. They had a knack for classifying, systematizing, codifying. Their scholarly bent led them to present truth in a coldly logical, orderly way, with little or no appeal to the imagination or emotions. The author made a neat little outline of two columns, so arranged that the items in the first column (the first three days of creation) would correspond with those in ST. PIUS the second (the last three days). Thus the creation of light on the first day matches the creation of the heavenly bodies on the Continued from Page Eleven fourth. In other words, he was concerned with an orderly, systematic presentation rather than spring, a professional layout inwith the actual, scientific se- dividual combines some of them quence of events. Outlines like into a flier for distribution to this are easy to remember, and parishioners after Mass. It tells he wanted his readers to remem- the story of life at St. Patrick's ber the lessons he strove to over the past year. During summer months the teach. Those lessons were especially same layout artist utilizes the important during the exile, when remaining photos for a second the people were living in the flier or leaflet, also for after licentious pagan civilization of Mass dissemination. This item, Babylon. They had to be re- a product of extensive planning, minded that there is one true God, that He existed from all eternity, and that He alone is responsible for everything that Continued from Page Eleven exists. Even in the heavenly bodies which the Babylonians , farm of blasphemy. But for the worshipped as gods were His Hebrew Psalmist the afterthough creatures. It was important,. too, kept things in divine and human _ under the circumstances, to un- perspective: derscore the sacredness of sex- When I look at thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, uality, to reaffirm the age-old truth that women, equally with the moon and the stars which thou hast established; man, came from God, and that their union with each other is by what is man that thou art mindful of him, and the son of man divine design. An especially that thou dost care for him? Priestly note is the emphasis on the holiness of the Sabbath, Yet thou has made him little less than God, and dost when even God rested from His work. croym him with glory and honJust these few verses illusor. Thou has given him trate something of the mentality, dominion over the work of the aims, the techniques of the thy hands; thou has put all men who fashioned the last of the four great traditions which things under his feet ... 0 Lord, make up the Pentateuch, the our Lord, how majestic is thy Law, and edited all four to form name in all the earth!" one grand opus. (Ps. 8: 3-9).

A Visual History of Parish Life

BROOKLAWN "Even the heavenly bodies which the Babylonians worshipped as gods were his creatures." One of the longest solar eclipses in history is viewed from a telescope, at Lake Rudolph, Kenya, in 1~73. For the Israelites, even the sun, a god for some peoples, was merely a creature of their one God.

outlines the many activities available in the year ahead to members of that Upstate New York parish. Dates and places for adult education, sacramental preparation, children's liturgies, religious instruction and a remarkable number of other oportunities are listed in the attractive eight and one-half inch by 11 inch publication. An assortment of illustrative photographs taken the previous year form a border

"Let Us Make Man"

The question asked by the psalmist is rhetorical. It presupposes the crowning achievement of God as creator, the work of the sixth day: "Then God said, 'Let us make man in our image, after our likeness ... So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. And God blessed them, and God said to them, 'Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it' " (1: 26-28).



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The book of Genesis with the opening hymn of creation is stilI a closed book to many people. But God did not limit his revelation to the pages of a book. Made to the image of God, man is the best revelation of God; and the Man Jesus, God's onlybegotten Son, the Second Adam is the most perfect revelation of the Father. Today, the Christian man and the Christian woman will be the only bible that the vast majority of people will ever read. God grant that we be worth the reading!

around the printed inner text. -At Holy Family in Fulton we conducted a series of Listening Sessions last summer in homes of parishioners. About a dozen adults gathered in different homes for each meeting, listened to an explanation of the revised Rites for Penance and had their photographs taken by an energetic pastor with his inexpensive camera. We then asked parishioner Leo Chirello, a commercial artist, to' mount these on suitable background material for display during our monthly coffee hour and later, at the church's main entrance. This collage of, photos features over 100 persons, each one interested in viewing the most fascinating picture of all -a photograph of one-self. The use of photography at church functions preserves in visual form the history of a parish. But more importantly, it helps build a family or community spirit among parishioners. They COme to know one another better and to feel a deeper sense of participation in, a greater degree of belonging to the parish itself.



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The Parish Parade ST. STANISLAUS, FALL RIVER The parish's noted Christmas tapestry will be on display in the church from 10 a.m. to 9 p"m. through Sunday, Jan. 11, and will be illuminated with Christmas lights during the evening hours from 4:30 to 9 p.m. Holy Rosary Sodalists will meet at 1:30 p.m. Jan. 4 and a social hour in the school hall will follow the business session. Reservations will close Friday, Jan. 16 for a February excursion to Egypt. Details are available at the rectory. Polish language and culture classes will resume at 6 p.m. tomorrow for beginners and on

Friday, Jan. 9 for advanced students. A series of Christian doctrine programs for junior and senior high school students will begin at 6:30 p.m. Monday, Jan. 5. SACRED HEART, FALL RIVER Rehearsals for a Spring Musical will begin at 7 p.m. Monday, Jan. 5. All interested persons are asked to report to the school auditorium at that time. Bingo games will resume Wednesday, Jan. 7. The school finance board will meet at 7:30 p.m. Monday, Jan. 5 in the rectory. The session is open to all.

Everyone Shares Spirit In Chatham Parish Mrs. Jon D. Eldridge of South Chatham was chairman of the annual Christmas party on Thursday, December 18th when· the Holy Redeemer Guild entertained the. 43 residents of the Anchorage. Santa Claus made an appearance and presented gifts to all. Home-baked and decorated cookies, prepared by teenagers, Diana Hackett, Lisa Hackett and Cindy Lucas were packaged for each of the guests. The stellar attraction of the program was the musical presentation of six teenagers-Cindy Cowan, Mary Gray, Cathy Guyon, Kathy Henderson, Joan Leonard and Debbie Terrio. They soloed, sang in harmony and did readings. Kathy Henderson accompanied on guitar. Eight weeks of rehearsal for this one appearance, directed by Mrs. Laurence S. Gray,

was "their Christmas gifting," said Mrs. Andrew W. Mikita, Guild president. Carols rang out in the frostedged snowflake streaked December 22 night in serenade of Holy Redeemer housebound parishioners when 25 7th and 8th graders in the CCD program enacted Christmas caring by visiting the homes of 15 shut-ins. Reverend John J. Brennan, SS.CC., pastor, and Reverend Leo C. King, SS.CC. and Whitney Tileston, orga~ist and "music man" of the young choristers, accompanied the group in a Paul L. Fougere Landscaping truck chauffeured by Paul. Gifting each with a plant and a warmhearted visit the boys and girls topped off the evening at a Christmas party with hot dogs and holiday goodies prepared by several mothers in the church auditorium on Highland Avenue.

Father King and Father Brennan join Whit Tileston in leading the singers.

Liberty-J ustice Continued from Page Seven themselves both from secondaryschool studies, on one hand, and from seminary and theological studies, on the other. Keeping seminaries and colleges close together had a practical advantage: seminary students could be used as college teachers. As long as the classical course enjoyed pride of place this practice could be justified, but when the colleges began to turn away from classical tributaries to the mainstream of a pragmatic, fermenting society, up-to-date, practical curricula recommended faculty specialists and laymen began to appear as college teachers. In the beginning, the status of law professors WaS uncertain and sometimes unenviable. Even when welcomed by clerical colleagues, laymen were often regarded as intruders by Catholic parents. The image of a Catholic school was clear and unambiguous: it was a school kept by men in Holy Orders. These attitudes did not stop the calendar: the colleges went on to broaden their programs of study and to diversify their faculties. Yet in doing so they created another problem Jor themselves-cost. In the old college - Georgetown, for example, in 1820 or so - room, board and tuition amounted to about $10 a year. But larger faculties - many laymen-to each an expanded curriculum along with more costly materials of instruction in, say, science, with buildings to accommodate the newer features of college study, made financial costs amount. By 1850 the typical fees for room, board and tuition were raised to about $200 a year. Throughout most of its first century in the United States the Catholic college was a school for men; women were excluded. Catholic colleges for women and coeducation were a long way over the horizon. Catholic colleges were affected by the example of higher schools around them and these schools were now emphasizing three new areas of study: English, science and commerce. Catholic colleges began abandoning the principal elements of the classical course, adopting the four-year curriculum, introducing more practical courses of study, and thinking seriously about establishing programs in graduate education. The age of the college was about to be transformed into the age of the university as a new model for Catholic higher learning was introduced with the founding of the Catholic University of America in 1884.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Jan. 2, 1976

Massachusetts New Divorce Law Continued from Page One uation as well as administrative difficulties. In practice, however, the overwhelming majority of its work is in the area of marriage cases. "It is the teaching of the Church that the marriage of two baptized persons ends only in death," Father Hoye said. "One can approach the Tribunal not with a request for divorce but with a petition to investigate the union of a couple to determine if it was really a marriage at all. The Tribunal deals with annulments, not divorces. "A divorce admits the existence of something that has ended; an annulment points to the fact that a true marriage was never there. Even though it may be easier to obtain a civil divorce, an annulment is a different area altogether." "If one is clear about the annulment concept with which the Tribunal deals, it is obvious that the 'irretrievable breakdown' ground is not feasible for Church courts. To have something break down implies that it once existed in some state; an annulment says that a true marriage was never there from the beginning." Counsel Importance The only redeeming feature of the new law, according to Judge Mullaney, is that it mandates counselling during the waiting period between the time of filing for a divorce and receiving the decree. "But how many will actually receiving counselling?" queried the distinguished justice, formerly of Fall River but now a resident of Westport. She stated that in her 20 years on the probate bench, 65 per cent of the

Montie Plum~ing & Heating Co. Susan Kennedy presents a Christmas plant to Keith Zibrat who greeted the Holy Redeemer CCD 7th and 8th grades after their carolling serenade. From the most senlor of the Senior citizens to the wheelchair bound there was a hearty thank-you. Photo by Richard C. Kelsey, Chatham.

couples who appeared before her petitioning for divorces had never had counselling. The justice insisted that counselling could save many marriages if couples had recourse to it at the beginning of trouble. "But most young people are ill-prepared for marriage from the start," she maintains. "PreCana Conferences help, but more is needed." She is doing her part, making herself available on a weekly basis for counselling at both the Lex King Souter Pastoral Counselling Center and the Catholic Social Services Office in Fall River. "Many people can be helped on the telephone," she said, "and sometimes I even find people on my doorstep wanting assistance." But her principle holds, "Divorce should be the exception, not the rule. Father Hoye also emphasized counselling: "Instead of concentrating on the effects of this new ground, tremendous efforts should be made in the area of preventive medicine," he explained. "By this is meant an increase in our efforts in premarital preparation, both remote and proximate, support to those in a marriage relationship, counselling agencies for those experiencing difficulties, etc." "The increase in the number of divorces should also challenge our need to be sensitive to the divorced in our midst," said the priest. "In any given parish there are numerous divorced persons. They are in need of understanding, service and programs just as much, if not more, than the married couple in the parish."





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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Jan. 2, 1976

Life In Music BY THE DAMEANS I Write The Songs I've been alive forever, and I wrote the very first song I put the words and the melodies together I am music and I write the songs. I write the songs that make the whole world sing I write the songs of love and special things I write the songs that make the young girls cry I write the songs, I write the songs. My home lies deep within you, and I've got my own place in your soul Now, when I look out through your eyes I'm young again even though I'm very old. 0, my music makes you dance and gives you spirit to take the chance and I wrote some rock and roIl so you can move. Music fills your heart, weIl that's a real fine place -to start, It's from me, it's from you, it's from you, it's for me, it's world -wide symphony By Bruce Johnston, Artist's Music, Sudbury Music, ASCAP

"You deserve a break today," is one of Barry Manilow's best-known songs even though he won't get a gold record for it. His latest single is "I Write the Songs," and it is indeed a welcome break from the constant flow of say-nothing music. Sit back, relax, and let music entertain you. The beginning of a new year is a time when people talk of taking a break. It's the time for New Year's resolutions, when we promise ourselves we will break from some accustomed way of doing things to try again to better ourselves. It is a time of hope and promise, of dreaming and planning, of optimism and the belief that I am a person. The New Year is a time when I affirm my worth as a person and ask how I might improve. It is a time for believing that I am a song worth singing even if I have to rearrange the melody or harmony lines of my life every so often. In Barry Manilow's song, music sings to us "My home lies deep within you and I've got my own place in your soul" ... Every human being has music within him and it doesn't just mean singing. The music could well mean the capacity for loving which every person has. Love, like music, can't rest in the heart. Only when it is expressed, when it looks out through your eyes, can love become a note to add to someone's melody. And if we all spend our time singing our love for one another, "it's from me, it's for you, it's from you. it's for me." the world-wide symphony of peace will eventually replace the noise of war and hate. Music may have been alive forever, but it's onlv because there was a good and p.racious God who set the world singing with the music of His love. Father: we thank you for all the ~ood things you have given us, and especiaIly today the "ift of l'1uslc, which like your love, ever surrounds us. We thank you for the son1!S in our lives and for those who sing them to us. to cheer us, to conc;ole us, to help us know that we are loved. We thank you most of all for your weatest Son~, your Son Jesus whose birth was accompanietl by the sinp,lng of angels and whose comin~ agaIn will be annouced by the sound of a trumpet. He is the one who taught us that each of our son~s is important and sound best when sung together with all our brothers. May we always pass along the song of your great love. (All correspondence shoud .be mailed to: The Dameans, P.O. Box 2108, Baton Rouge, La. 70821.) (Copyright (c) 1975 by NC News Service)

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VATICAN CITY (NC) - Despite a deafening uproar from the media, from politics and from older generations, young people today are returning to Christ's message of "revelation and renewal," Pope Paul VI declared in his 1975 Christmas Message. Pope Paul read his message from the Loggia above the main entrance to St. Peter's Basilica. Afterwards he imparted his blessing "Urbi et Orbi"-to the city and the world. About 100,000 heard him in the bright sunshine of S1. Peter's Square. The 78-year-old Pope called youth the "unforeseen yet predestined hearers" who "know how to accept the proclamation of the Good News as a message of revelation and renewal." "Almost with subversive impetus," the Pope said, young people have unmasked the "specious, or at least insufficient wisdom," of older generations." He addressed the youth of the world: "The emptiness, young people, has devastated you, and an intimate and powerful longing has brought you back, almost unconsciously, to the sphere of an invitation that can not be rejected: 'Come to Me, all you who are weary .. ." Older generations, the Pope said, "inoculated" young people with "the insanity of war for power, of materialism as the only justice, of pleasure as a confused attitude toward the higher duties and destinies of life." Large numbers of youth attended the Christmas blessing and morning Mass, as weIl as the midnight Mass in St. Peter's Square marking the end of the Holy Year." At that midnight celebration, Pope Paul said that Holy Year has brought about a new covenant between God and 20th· century life. He claimed that the world "in staggering fear" had come "near to the abyss of fatal ruin."

In his noontime Christmas message, the Pope declared: "At this precise point the drama is either 'yes' or 'no,' for the modern generation which has shown that it has understood the possibility and happiness of an encounter with Christ." This understanding, he said, came about for youth despite "the overwhelming uproar of a thousand voices that fill the atmosphere of modern life with the powerfully amplified words of the renowned means of social communication or the attracting fascination of the images and sounds which transfer the language of the realm of thought to that of the senses." He spoke also of the obstacle of "the incalculable but formidable narcotic influence of the pressure of public opinion and of political propaganda." Such pressure "almost insensibly deprives personal freedom of its active exercise." In the place of personal freedom goes "the passivity of another's domination." These factors, the Pope said, have not prevented young people from grasping the "delicate, tender and true wave-length of the spirit." Concluding, Pope Paul prayed: "May God grant for today's youth and for all of us, sons and daughters of the Church and citizens of the world, That the fruit of the Holy Year will be the acceptance of this word that is the expression of an endless 'Blessed Christmas.''' Following the message, the Pope gave a solemn blessing


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and, in 12 languages, wished "a blessed Christmas in the joy and peace of Christ." For the first time he included the African language Swahili. As had occurred throughout the year-long jubilee, young people participated in the Holy Year closing in imaginative ways. Shortly before the Holy Year's closing ceremonies started at 11 :30 p.m., a young Florentine reached St. Peter's Square with a lighted torch that had been carried in relay from Florence by other young men. At the end of the Mass, Pope Paul presented a lantern to two young Italians to be placed at the Catacombs of St. CaIIixtus outside Rome. There, throughout the Holy Year, small groups of youth held twice-weekly meeting of Christian witness and discussion, and heard daily Mass.

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Priest Vocations In Allentown On the Rise

ALLENTOWN (NC)-Twentysix candidates, including three teachers, an attorney, a police By PETER J. BARTEK officer, and a sales executive Norton High Coach who is a widower, have been accepted by Bishop Joseph McShea of Allentown to study for the priesthood for the five-county Allentown diocese. That is the largest number of candidates accepted for the diocese since 1967. Last year, nine candidates were accepted. The 26 men were accepted The 1976 scholastic schoolboy campaign is still a sumfrom 46 who had applied since mer away but it is upper most in the minds of many fol- September of last year. lowers of the Southeastern Massachusetts Conference. The total of 80 seminarians Many changes are anticioated. Rumors are running rampant (42 in coHege and 38 in theology) is an increase over the Sepregarding coaching changes for appointment of a new coach. tember 1974 enrollment, and is and realignment of the 21 The highly advertised position first increase in total enrollteams into divisions. On will no doubt draw many appli- the ment in 10 years. the coaching front there are cants. In addition, ordinations to the three announced vacancies at priesthood for the AHentown The challenge confronting the this time, and speculation is that diocese have increased notably at least two more resignations new man will be to bring Durfee over the past 15 years. are in the offing. Coach Ed Keyes back to the contender status it Bishop McShea ordained 31 has lost his year long battle for enjoyed in the past. Fall Riverpriests for Allentown from 1961 ites want Durfee's football reinstatement as grid coach at to 1965; 41 in the next five years Durfee High School in Fall teams to be viewed in the same and 58 from 1971 to 1975. prestigious light as its basketball River. The affable mentor sat on As a result, two-thirds of the the sidelines this past season as and baseball clubs. active A:llentown priests are interim coach Don Montle diIn Taunton Msgr. Coyle-Bishop rected the Hilltopper attack, Cassidy High is searching for a under 50 years old. When the dipending a decision from the successor to Steve Winslow who ocese was formed from territory American Allbitration Associa- resigned at the conclusion of the of the Archdiocese of Philadeltion relative to the legality of past grid season. Winslow who phia in 1961, two-thirds were over 50. Keyes dismissal. was elected "coach of the year" There are 260,000 Catholics in The ruling of the board in fa- by the local newspapers leaves the Allentown diocese. Total vor of the Fall River School Coyle after rebuilding the WarpopUlation in the diocese is Committee has cleared the way riors into a championship club. about one million.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Jan. 2, 1976



Numerous Changes Anticipated For 1976 Gridiron Campaign

Fairhaven's Reward May Be Division I Dighton-Rehoboth Regional is seeking a replacement for Bill Reynolds who recently announced his resignation. Reynolds will concentrate his efforts on basketball. The goal of the S.E. Mass. Conference is to provide equitable competitive conditions for member schools. As stated in the league's constitution, schools will be realigned in all sports at designated times to allow for changing conditions and to maintain good competition. The time has come for realignment in football. As of this date no formal announcement has been made by league officials but meetings have been held to discuss possible changes. Gossip reports that Fairhaven will be competing in Division I next Fall with Somerset dropping. to Division II. Fairhaven has enjoyed gridiron success

over the past few years and is the likely candidate to be moved up. But, whether or not the Blue Devils can compete, week in and week out, with such powers as New Bedford, Durfee, Attleboro and Taunton is subject to debate. Somerset, once the ruler of the defunct Narragansett League, tried and was unsuccessful. Based on past performance' the Blue Raiders will fare better among Division II foe. New Bedford Vocational is a strong candidate for elevation into Division II. The Artisans, in years past the doormats of the old Bristol County circuit, have benefitted greatly from the formation of the relatively new multi-team Conference. The Tradesmen's football program has grown as a result of winning and it appears they now can compete in a higher division.

Leave of Absence to Diman in Football In Fall River, at Diman Regional Vocational the situation is very different. As a member of Division III, the Bengals have found the going tough,-winless in four league seasons. In order to rebuild the program Diman officials petitioned the league, and were granted, a leave of absence from grid competition for two years. Diman has been very successful in all league sports except football. The move to an independent schedule for the next two seasons is warranted and hopefully will serve its purpose. With Diman definitely out of the circuit speculation is that

three schools will be dropped into Division III to balance the league with three seven team brackets. The most logical choices would be Seekonk, Bourne and Case High of Swansea. Bourne who won the Conference II title a few years ago has suffered a drop in school enrollment and appears competitive with Division III clubs. Seekonk and Case both fall into the same competitive classification. Whatever happens between now and next Fall regarding coaching and alignment changes football buffs will have plenty of time to debate the official decisions.

Russian Orthodox Award to Jesuit VATICAN CITY (NC) - The Russian Orthodox Church has conferred the degree of Master of Theology of the Orthodox Church, on Jesuit Father Michael Arranz, rector of the Pontifical Oriental Institute of Rome. Father Arranz, named rector this spring, had given 60 hours of theological lessons to some 300 Russian Orthodox students in past years.

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IN WEAKNESS, STRENGTH A man sits alone on a porch apparently trying to clean or sand something His bent position · . . his long arms and legs . . . seem caught in the strong downward movement of the metal railings . . . which create a feeling of "being down" ... Black and grey edge out the white. A closer look reveals two crutches leaning against the porch rail ... and a metal brace on the man's right foot ... He is crippled ... The dreary, downward-pull of the scene .... slJggests an inner sense of being down. Physical disability . . . sickness of the body . . . tends to sap the spirit ... muddle the mind and depress the feelings ... To be down bodily pulls one's spirits down . . . Weakness of limb . . . gnaws inward · .. weaking the person . . . leading even to despair. One of the most creative and challenging . . . paradoxical and puzzling . . . of Christian convictions · .. is that in weakness there can be found strength ... Jesus told Paul ... and he tells each of us ... "My grace is enough for your . . . for in weakness power reaches perfection." Paul struggled with bodily and spiritual weakness · .. discovering in pain the truth of Jesus' words ... Paul wrote what for him ... and millions of Christians after him . . . were words of hope-creating conviction · . . "I willingly boast of my weaknesses . . . that the power of Christ may rest upon me . . . I am content with weakness ... and difficulties for the sake of it is then that Christ ... for when I am powerless I am strong." (2 Corinthians 12:9-10)


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Jan. 2, 1976

Four Religious Groups to Present Bicentennial Television Specials NEW YORK (NC - A group of hour-long television specials related to the U. S. bicentennial will be presented by four religious organizations in 1976 on the NBC-TV network. The eight specials, which have been given the collective title "Under God," were produced by NBC in cooperation with the National Council of Churches (NCC), the Southern Baptist Convention, the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, and the United States Catholic Conference (USCC). They will be spaced throughout the year with three scheduled for January and February, two in the spring, two in early summer, and one in the fall. Each of the four religious groups took responsibility for two of the eight programs and worked independently with NBC in their production. But" they have joined forces in publicizing the specials and distributing related educational materials. Assisted by a grant for this purpose from the Lilly Endowment, the groups have begun a largescale promotion campaign to draw attention to the programs throughout their respective communities. The USCC will present its first "Under God" program, "Mexican . . . and American" Feb. 15. The documentary describes the richness of the Mexican-American culture and society, with emphasis on the Spanish colonial experience and the contributions made by Mexican-Americans to the pluralistic society. The second USCC presentation will depict the role of land in shaping the American experience, from its appeal to early pioneers seeking space and freedom to America's present crises of urbanization and land use. Tentatively entitled "The Land," the program will be broadcast in the fall of 1976 at a date to be announced. Speaking for the USCC, Bishop James S. Raucsh, general secretary, said "Catholics welcome the unique opportunity of joining with other Christian and Jewish fellow citizens in these "Under God" programs. Noting that Catholics havse chosen the theme of Liberty and Justice for All for their bicentennial obser vances, Bishop Rausch said, "Our two parts of this project treat this ideal as it applies to

Sunday Is World Day of Peace

our fellow Americans of Hispanic origin, and to the use and abuse of our beloved land," NBC will broadcast the first program Jan. 18. Entitled "Where We Came From," produced in cooperation with the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, it features prominent American Jews and illuminates the connections between their traditional backgrounds and the values, actions and goals of present day American Jewish life.

Rosary Remains Vibrant Devotion LOS ANGELES (NC)-A new educational effort to teach the Rosary to young people was called for at the annual forum here of Catholics United for the Faith (CUF). The call was voiced by Father Eamon Carroll of the Catholic University of America, Washington, D. C., one of the architects of the U. S. bishops' pastoral on Mary, Behold Thy Mother. " Despite "the strange silence of the past 10 years, the Rosary remains a "vibrant devotion," Father Carroll said. "Both the Holy Father and the bishops continue to affirm its importance. "A new educational effort is required of us to teach the Rosary to the children and to the young people who may have missed it along the way. "Our Catholic faith asks of us not a fearul defense or counterattack, but charity and compassion." Father Carroll continued: "Along the road of renewal and reconciliation we need a clear and calm proclamation of Catholic truth about the Mother of God. But we may need even more the joyful celebration of the Blessed Mother to draw us together in unity as the disciples of Christ were drawn about Peter and Mary in the upper room to pray for the Holy Spirit."

World History "God governs the world; the actual working of ;His government-the carrying out of His plan - is the History of the World."-G.W.F. Hegel (17701831), "The Philosophy of History," Pub!. Posth.

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SYMBOLS OF HOPE: Above, a rose sits atop the concerete and barbed wire of what was once the infamous Auschwitz concentration camp. There, Blessed Maximilian Kolbe (above right), a Polish Franciscan priest, gave his life to save another prisoner who had been selected to die in retaliation for the escape of an inmate. Father Kolbe volunteered to take his place and was starved for two weeks, then killed by an injection of phenol. Below, candles flicker at what had been the entrance to a Nazi prison in Warsaw. Through this gate passed many of the fellow victims of Blessed Maximilian Kolbe, whose memory will be honored in a collection taken up in West Germany for the tens of thousands of concentration-camp sU1"'rivors on Sunday. Father Kolbe has become a symbol of reconciliation between Germans and Poles.





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