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t eanc 0 VOL. 22, NO. 49


Carter Stance Challenged By Frs. Blum, Berrigan WASHINGTON (NC) - President Jimmy Carter told some 250 human rights activists that human rights is "the soul of our foreign policy" and said that the effectiveness of that policy "is now an established fact." "As long as I am president," he said, "the government of the United States will struggle for the enhancement of human rights. No force on earth can separate us from that commitment." Carter said the "victims" of

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human rights' violations have welcomed his policy. He also reaffirmed the U.S. commitment to aid refugees and newly released political prisoners. Carter made his remarks to a White House meeting marking the 30th anniversary of the United Nations Universal Declaration on Human Rights. He said the administration's human rights policy "has contributed to an atmosphere of Turn to Page Seven

Hark, the Herald Angels Sing We're Dang·erous as Anything SIOUX FALLS, S.D. (NC)Both sides have promised to appeal any adverse ruling by a federal· judge in a suit filed in Sioux Falls to end Christmas carols and pageants in the public schools. The suit was filed by the American Civil Liberties Union lawyer Stephen Pevar of Denver on behalf of avowed atheist Roger R. 'Florey, who said his son Justin, a first grader, was irreparably harmed by. participation in Christmas observances while he was in kindergarten last year. Four other Sioux Falls parents, David Groethe, Marilyn Day, Evelyn Griesse and Marilyn Fusfield joined in the suit, filed in U.S. District Court of South Dakota, southern divi-

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sion. Should the court ruling call for an end to Christmas observances, officials of the city school board said they will appeal the ruling. The ACLU has also promised to appeal sJtould Judge Bogue give the green light to such observances. The suit says children "are suffering irreparable harm and will continue to suffer irreparable harm until such time as sectarian Christmas assemblies are prohibited in the public schools of Sioux Falls." Young Florey, the suit alleges, already suffered such harm by his exposure to Christmas carols and pageants last year.

Song for Justin Florey o underprivileged Justin Florey, Who cannot hear the Christmas story, I sorrow for you, little boy No tidings of exceeding joy May come your way, you hapless tot, For they might damage you a lot. For you, no carols, crib or star Your parents most .protective are. They would not wish to cause you fright By rumor of a Holy Night, And as for shepherds, lambs and Kings, It's widely known they're dreadful things And must be banned without delay, For they might spoil your Christmas day. You'll get your toys, your sled, your ball, But not the reason for it all. A Child is born, but not for you o Justin, may you find Him too. -Pat McGowan

~ AT ST. FRANCIS XAVIER parish, Acushnet, CCO students give instead of receive, presenting baby gifts to St. Nicholas in honor of the Infant Jesus. The good bishop, otherwise known as Antone OaLuz, will see that they get to needy families. For another St. Nicholas visit, see page 2. (Rosa Photo)

Anti-Bias Comments Studied By Internal Revenue Service WASHINGTON (NC) - The non-discrimination policies of church-operated private schools should be judged by the minority membership in the church itself, not by the minority population in the school's community, several religious groups told an Internal Revenue Service public hearing. The hearing involved proposed IRS regulation to enforce fed~ral law denying tax-exempt status to private schools which discriminate on the basis of race and to require private schools founded or greatly expanded at the time of a public school desegragation program to prove the basis of race. Under the proposed regulations, a school with a percentage of minority enrollment equal to 20 percent of the percentage of minority enrollment in the community it serves would be .assumed to have a non-discriminatory policy. Schools with lower minority enrollments would have to show they took special efforts to recruit and aid minority students and staff. Msgr. Edward Spiers, executive director of Citizens for Educational Freedom, said that in the case of church-related schools, "it would be more realistic to compare the number of minority students in the school to the percentage of minority families in the area belonging to

that religion, rather than to the community at large." Nathan Dershowitz, an attorney for the American Jewish Congress, made a similar point

concerning Jewish religious schools but noted that a 1975 IRS regulation on the subject solves the problem. Turn to Page Five

Communication Collection Communion Proposal OK'd WASHINGTON (NC) - A national communications collection has been approved in a mail poll of bishops who did not attend the mid-November meeting of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops in Washington. The bishops also voted by mail to allow Catholics to receive Communion under the species of both bread and wine on Sundays and holy days. The final tallies on the two proposals, including mail and inperson voting, was released Dec. 11 by the NCCB general secretariat. The communications collection vote was 115-50; it had needed approval of two-thirds of all heads of dioceses, or 113 Ordinaries. The liturgy proposal received 187 affirmative votes, one more than the required twothirds of all active U.S. bishops, and 82 bishops opposed it. Commenting on the communications collection approval, Auxiliary Bishop Joseph R. Crowley of Fort Wayne-South Bend, Ind., chairman of the U.S. Catholic Conference Communication Com-

mittee, said: "This is a step in the right direction .which we hope will mark the beginning of important new developments in the church's work in the media. "Approval of the collection is welcome news for all those who have labored so long in this apostolate, but more importantly it is a challenge to all of us," Bishop Turn to Page Sixteen

Advent RituaI Sunday Nic~t !An Advent Celebration of Lessons and Carols will take place at 8 p.m. Sunday at St. 'Patrick's Church, 1598 So. Main St., Fall River. It will narrate in scripture and music the history of salvation. Lessons will be drawn from the Book of Genesis and from the prophets Isaiah and Micah, as well as from the Gospels of Luke, Matthew and John. They will be proclaimed by lectors representing various diocesan apostolates. Tum to Page Three


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Foil River-Thur., Dec. 14, 1978

ill People·Places.Events-NC News Briefs ill Merton Center

Evangelism Program

Mutual Aid

Camps Visit Asked

NEW YORK-Speaking at a gathering marking the 10th year since the death of Father Thomas Merton, Cardinal Terence Cooke of New York announced the founding of a center honoring the Trappist monk-author.

BOSTON-The Archdiocese of Boston announced plans for a two year evangelization program that will be developed by about 4,000 to 5,000 local Catholics, rather than being imposed from above. According to Auxiliary Bishop Daniel Hart of Boston, priests, nuns and lay persons will "reflect prayerfully, to consider what helps and hinders evangelization and to find out how to share the resources. . ."

WASHINGTON - Helping the world's poorest nations to develop economically can help the United States and other industrialized countries lower inflation and increase employment and economic growth, according to Holy Cross Father Theodore Hesburgh, president of the University of Notre Dame.

LONDON-An international group of 13 human rights supporters petitioned the Vietnamese government to allow a humanitarian delegation to visit Vietnamese re-education camps and prisons. The request springs from concern over the fate of people held in camps and prisons since 1975, said the petitioners.

It's Basic DES MOINE;S, Iowa-A former official of the National Catholic Rural Life Conference called land "the most basic social justice issue facing our country." Father John McRaith of New U1m, Minn., who recently left the post of executive director of the rural life organization, made the claim in his opening address to representatives of Midwestern dioceses who met to discuss lay involvement in a planned bishops' statement on land.

Resolution Defeated NEW ORLEANS-Stockholders in the Lykes Corp. have defeated by a narrow margin a stockholder's resolution calling for support of efforts by a Youngstown, Ohio religious coalition to reopen a Youngstown steel mill closed by Lykes. The stockholders then approved a merger with the LTU Corp., a move likely to hurt chances of reope~ing the Youngstown mill.

Hunger Grows ROME-Despite record cereal production in 1978, the number of people suffering chronic hunger and malnutrition in the world is increasing, according to reports released by the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), headquartered in Rome.

Political Christianity LONDON - The support of human rights by the Christian churches in Latin America and the development of liberation theology illustrates the worldwi~e trend toward the politicization of Christianity, said the Rev. Edward Norman, an Anglican historian.

Freedoms at Stake NEW ORLEANS-"Both the freedom of speech and the freedom of the press are at stake" in a recent Internal Revenue Service ruling on voter education efforts, according to Rep. David Treen (R.-La.). The ruling holds that tax-exempt, nonprofit charitable organizations which do not endorse or oppose candidates will lose their tax-exempt status if they print voting records or a survey of candidates' views on which they editorialize.

Fact Finder VATICAN CITY - Pope John 'Paul II named Cardinal Paolo Bertoli as his special fact-finding envoy to Lebanon. Cardinal Bertoli is a former nuncio to ILebanon. The Vatican said the 70-year-old Cardinal Bert91i is assigned to gather information "on the present situation and the possible prospectives for pacification of the country."

Please Return Him GUATEMALA CITY-Every day since the arrest and disappearance of student leader Antonio .ciani Garcia, his mother has run an ,<fin the newspapers which pleads: ."Please' return my son alive." Joining in .."the appeal is the Catholic Justice and Peace Committee which added several demands of its own as it listed other missing prisoners. It also complairi-e<l of massacres of Indian peasants.

SALT Loses Savor NEW YORK-A U.S. State Department effort to line up religious support for the SALT II treaty has been rebuffed by the Catholic peace organization, Pax-ChristiUSA. The Pax Christi executive council took the action during the organization's fourth annual meeting in New York Dec. 1-3.

Help Needed WASHINGTON - Archbishop John R. Quinn of San Francisco, president of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, asked his fellow bishops for help in finding homes and jobs for approximately 7,000 Southeast- Asian refugees expected in the United States each month for the next six months.

Priest Killed SAN SALVAOOR, EI Salvador-Security forces, saying they were searching for kidnappers of a businessman, killed three men, including ,Father Ernesto Barrera Motto. The three men were killed in Ciudad Delgado in suburban ·San Salvador, where the priest was the pastor of the local church.

Christmas Amnesty SAN SALVA'DOR, EI Salvador-eiting hundreds of letters from local and foreign supporters, the Catholic weekly, Orientacion, asked for a general amnesty for political prisoners. "We hope that with Christmas and New Year coming, the government of EI Salvador will grant this petition," the weekly of the Archdiocese of San Salvador said.

The Unreached SOUTH PADRE ISLAND, Texas-Catholic radio and television programming does not reach the 80 million unchurched Americans, the director of the U.S. Bishops' Committee on Evangelization told Catholic broadcasters recently. Paulist Father Alvin A. Illig was keynote speaker at the annual general assembly on South Padre Island of UNDA-USA, the American affiliate of the international organization of Catholic radio and television broadcasters.

Puebla Meeting BOGOTA, Colombia-Some 350 participants will open the third general assembly of the Latin American bishops with a noon Mass at the new Shrine: of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico City Jan. 27. After the opening session, the bishops and other participants will spend 16 days in Puebla, Mexico, studying how to improve evangelization in contemporary Latin America.

Investigation Asked WASHINGTON - Three relatives of missing political prisoners have demanded a "serious and thorough investigation as has never been carried out before in Chile" after the Chilean Supreme Court ordered a secret probe when some bodies were found in an abandoned mine. The bodies were discovered by Auxiliary Bishop Enrique Alvear on a tip from a former secret agent.


GIJADE SCHOOL CHILDREN and their parents participated in an Advent program at St. Anthony's parish, East Falmouth, which included a prayer service, Advent wreath blessing and Jesse tree decorating session. The program was climaxed by a visit from S1. Nicholas. Left, Cheryl Ann

Michaels, Jose Dias and Michael McCarthy talk to the saint (Scoba Rhodes); right, Jesse tree decorators are Leslie Rhodes, Christopher Moreland, Kristen Hadway, Lee Rhodes. Sister Mary Terrance aided in coordinating the event. (Poisson Photo)

THE ANCHORThurs., Dec. 14, 1978

Is There A British Plot路 Against Irish Prelate? LONDON (NC) Are the British govemment and Cardinal George Basil Hume of Westminster, England, in conspiracy to keep Irish Archbishop Thomas O'Fiaich from being named a cardinal? The answer is "yes" according to speculation in Irish newspapers. The press reports have been greeted with incredulity and denied by a spokesman for the Westminster Archdiocese. Archbishop O'Fiaich of Armagh, Northern Ireland, is primate of all Ireland. He has headed the Armagh Archdiocese since Oct. 2, 1977. Traditionally, the diocese is headed by a cardinal. Cardinal Hume looks forward with enthusiasm to the prospect of Archbishop O'Fiaich joining him in the College of Cardinals, said the spokesman. The Irish archbishop is alwa1S a welcome guest at Westminster, he added. The immediate motive for the speculation was Cardinal Hume's action in helping obtain a papal audience for Mrs. Betty Williams

Patriarch Named For Venice See VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope John Paul II has named Bishop Marco Ce as the new patriarch of Venice, Italy. The see was left vacant when the former patriarch, Cardinal Albino Luciani, was elected Pope John Paul I in August. Bishop Ce, 53, is the general ecclesiastical assistant of Italian Catholic Action, the country's largest and strongest Catholic lay group. From 1970 to 1976 he was auxiliary bishop of Bologna, Italy. As patriarch of Italy's canal city, he is almost certainly in line to receive the red cardinal's hat. He becomes head of the See that has produced three of the eight popes elected in the 20th century. Patriarch-elect Ce (pronounced chay) was born in Izano, in the Italian province of Cremona. Ordained when he was 22, he returned to the Diocese of Cremona. He taught at its seminary and was its vice rector and rector.

and Miss Nairead Corrigan, cofounders of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement. The two women met with ,Pope John Paul II on Dec. 4 and said the human rights situation in Northern Ireland was improving. Irish Catholics are also suspicious of Cardinal Hume because he is not of Irish descent as are many members of the English hierarchy, but comes from upper-class English society, which Irish republicans often treat with suspicion. The British government is said to be involved in the conspiracy because of its anger over human rights criticisms by Archbishop O'Fiaich. In August, the archbishop complained of conditions at Long Kesh Prison in Northern Ireland and of Britain's refusal to grant inmates there the status of political prisoners.

Keep Christ in ChristmcIs

The prisoners live in conditions similar to the homeless people living in sewer pipes in the slums of Calcutta, India, said the archbishop last' August. He also promised to inform the Vatican "without delay" about the, Long Nesh situation.


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IN RECENT CEREMONIES, Bishop .cronin presented Marian Medals to 92 outstanding diocesans at St. Anne's Church, Fall River (top picture); commissioned 199 special ministers of Holy Communion at St. Lawrence Church, New Bedford; and met with Fall River Particular Council Vincentians at their annual corporate communion at St. John of God Church, Somerset. From left, Joseph Tinsley, Herve G. Lavoie, Joseph Gromada, the bishop, Father Daniel Freitas, Armand Francoeur, Hector Lapointe, Armand Gauthier.

Continued from Page One The Cathedral Choir, under under the direction of Glenn Giuttari, will offer Adam Lay Ybounden, Of the Father's Love Begotten,: Lo How a Rose E'er Blooming, There is no Rose, The Apple Tree, Whilst by my Sheep and Blessed Son of God. The congregation will participate in the singing of Come, Thou Redeemer of the Earth, Once in Royal David's City and o Come, 0 Come, Emmanuel. This event, part of the ongoing program of religious and cultural celebrations in observance of the 75th Anniversary of the Diocese of Fall River, is free and the public is invited.



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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur., Dec. 14, 1978

the living word

themoorin~ 'Well Done, Good and Faithful Servant' Firehouse magazine is a periodical for firefighters which this month initiated the practice of awarding special recognition to members of the hardy band of American firefighters who have performed significantly beyond the Gall of duty. A number of firefighters were singled out in this month's issue, recognized for their bravery and dedication. The highest award was given to a young ladderman from a major metropolitan department; he saved three residents of a burning tenement house at great personal peril. Two other firefighters were honored as "runnersup." One was a volunteer fireman who, while off duty, went to the rescue of a victim pinned in a flaming automobile, sustaining painful bums in the process. The second was a veteran of many years' service in fire prevention and safety, a lecturer in schools and at community' and civic organizations in his home city. In announcing the awards, Dennis Smith, the editor pointed Ollt that it was vi'rtually impossible to make ade-. quate acknowledgement of the countless brave deeds of fi.refighters in the smoke and heat of battle against the dreaded red, flaming enemy they encounter in daily tests of will and strength. Rather, he suggested, we should consider the award recipients to be literally representatives of their brothers and sisters in the ranks of departments, paid and volunteer, throughout the country. All dedicated firefighters should take encouragement from the recognition accorded a mere handful of their confreres. On Sunday afternoon, Bishop Cronin presented the Marian Medal to nearly five score lay men and women fJrOm every area of the diocese of Fall River. From Provincetown to Mansfield, from all cities of the diocese, from the islands of Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard to Easton and the Attleboros, dedicated parishioners came forward to accept the tangible sign of gratitude and recognition which the Marian Medal has come to signify. Catechists and musicians, sextons and secretaries, bingo workers and those who labor for Catholic Charities, Scout leaders and' parish pioneers, all were honored, all were singled out for special recognition. Yet, rather like the recipients of the Firehouse awards, the Marian Medalists are representatives of the army, the legions, of dedicated Catholic laity in our parishes who serve, in the first instance, their heavenly Father, who serve the Church, who serve the diocese, who serve their parishes, and, ultimately, who serve their fellows, their brothers and sisters. Diakonia ... service ... and ministry are words which come in rather facile manner to our lips these days. The recipients路 of the Marian Medal corporately represent years, decades, centuries and millennia of practical . diakonia and ministry. But even they are only representatives of their countless brothers and sisters who labor in uncounted ways for the apostolate, for the mission of the Church. Hats off to the Marian Medalists of 1978 ... and hats off, as ~ell, to all whom they represent! As Our Lord might well say at the judgment, "Well done, good and faithful servant . . . "


OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 410 Highland Avenue Fall River, Mass. 02722 675-7151 PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., s.r.D.



John F. Moore ~

leary Press-fall River

'Lift up your head and see; your redemption is near at hand.' Lk. 21 :28

Pope Discusses Meaning of Advent By John Maher A festive atmosphere greeted Pope John Paul II as he entered the audience hall last week for his weekly general audience. Many among the 15,000 people present waved small Polish flags and sang Polish hymns. The reception of the pope underlined the informality which has come to be his hallmark. It is encouraged by the Polish pope who loves to mingle and talk with the crowds that gather around him at public functions. The crowd included nearly 5,000 pilgrims from the Diocese of Perugia, Italy, who cheered wildly when their group was introduced. They cheered again when the pope gave them a special greeting. The pope cheered back. Also present was a large delegation from the U.S. embassy led by Ambassador Richard N. Gardner. During the general audience the pope continued the discussion on the meaning of Advent which he began the previous week. "Man is more like God than like nature," Pope John Paul II said. Quoting from Genesis on the creation of man, the pope said the meaning conveyed was as if God entered "into himself" and created man "from the mystery of his own being." This is understandable, because God is cr.eating man in his

image, said the pope. "The image must 'mirror,' must, in a certain way, almost reproduce 'the substance' of its prototype'. The creator says, moreover, 'in our likeness.' It is obvious that it must not be understood as ~ 'picture,' but as a living being, who lives a life like that of God," added the pope. Man's spiritual faculties are what make him man in the likeness of God, distinguishing him from the rest of visible creation, the pope said. Scientific research has been done to show the links between man and the natural world and the dependence of man on nature "in order to insert him into the history of the evolution of various species," said the pontiff. "Although respecting such rese楼ch, we cannot limit ourselves to it. If we analyze man in the depth of his being, we see that he differs from more than he resembles the world of nature," he added. The pope cited the passage in Genesis in which Adam gives names to all the other creatures but finds none like himself. "It could be said that this first man does what habitually every man of whatever time does. He reflects on his own being and, wonders who he is. The result of this cognitive process is the observation on the fundamental and essential difference; I am different. 1 am more 'different'

than 'similar,''' said the pope. The purpose of discussing the creation of man, the pope said, was to obtain a better understanding of Advent. "Advent means 'the coming.' If God 'comes' to man, He does so because he has prepared in his human being a 'dimension of expectation' through which man can 'welcome' God," the pope said.

Necrology December 23 Rev. Owen J. Kiernan, 190 I, Pastor, Immaculate Conception, Fall River Rev. Charles P. Trainor, SS., 1947, St. Edward Seminary, Seattle, Washington Rev. Msgr. John A. Silvia, 1970, Pastor Emeritus, St. John the Baptist, New Bedford December 24 Rev. James K. Beaven, 1886, Pastor, Sacred Heart, Taunton Rev. Timothy J. Duff, 1914, Assistant, St. Joseph, Woods Hole December 27 Rev. Thomas J. Stapleton, 1956, Pastor, Corpus Christi, Sandwich Rev. Msgr. Armand Levasseur, 1970, Pastor Emeritus, St. Anne, New Bedford December 28 Rev. Charles R. S{Oith, 1955, Pastor, Immaculate Conception, Fall River

Letters to the Editor Letters are welcomed, but should be no 1II0re than 200 words. The editor reserves me rllht to condense or edit, If deemed necessary. All letters must be signed and Include a home or business address.

A Challenge Dear Editor: In the process of trying to keep the abortion issue alive I have spent much time, effort and money along with a great deal of prayer in hopes of convincing. those who address themselves as Catholic to become more deeply involved in the prolife cause ... I am deeply disturbed by the Cursillistas, Charismatics and others who are always singing praises of Our Lord; who are always filled with thp. ';nv nf the Holy Spirit. I am disturbed because I find little to be joyous about so long as we who claim Catholicity do nothing to end this cruel, senseless murder of millions of babies . . . So, as Christmas approaches, I challenge all who claim to be Catholics to give some thought to the unborn that are being killed even as you read this. Think of this when you receive the ·Body and Blood of Jesus on Christmas day. Then ask yourself if you can still accept abortion as a way of life in America. Edward F. Acton !Hyannis

Stamps Wanted Dear Editor: We would appreciate it if you would let your readers know that our senior citizens have a cancelled stamp project to raise funds for our retirement village. They will be grateful for foreign, commemorative U.S. stamps, airmail, postage due, special delivery, and particularly 15 cents and over, besides the common stamps. It is important that a half inch margin of paper be around the stamp to protect it from damage. With rising postal rates, we urge benefactors to use third class mail in sending stamps. Fr. Philip Marquard, O.F.M. St. Francis Village 1 Chapel Plaza Crowley, Texas 76036

Combined Choirs

ocesan priests were present to make the event even more memorable; but to me the high point of the Mass was the fact that our young people's folk choir was given equal billing, so to speak, with our adult choir. The groups alternated the singing, which gave us traditional songs as well as current folk Mass favorites. Each group's singing was outstanding and made the Mass a joy for all. Many young people have never heard the adult choir and many adults avoid attending the folk Mass. On Sunday night each group was given a chance to hear and appreciate the other group's music. More combined musical presentations should be offered. They bring us closer to Christ and to each other. Alice Houst West Dennis

To Readers Since appearance of the feature story, "Fat: We Don't Want It," in our Nov. 23 issue, we have sent nearly 100 copies of the Prayer of Agreement to readers. Several have asked where to obtain further material on Christian weight control. Such publications are available from Christian bookstores in the area, including Anchor advertisers.

Anti.Bias Continued from Page One That regulation stated: "A school that selects students on the basis of membership in a religious denomin~tion 01'. unit thereof will not be deemed to have a discriminatory policy of membership if the denomination or unit is open to all on a racially non·discriminatory basis." In opening remarks at the four-day hearing, IRS Commissioner Jerome Kurtz said, "We want to make every reasonable effort to avoid hardships to schools whose practices and pol. icies are genuinely non-discriminatory in character." \ He said IRS particularly wants to review the proposal "to determine whether it applies unfairly to schools such as certain religious schools that may face certain conditions in attracting mi. nority students." IRS issued its proposed regulations in August in an effort to strengthen existing regulations from 1975 which require private schools to have policies prohibit. ing racial discrimination in order to qualify for tax-exempt status.

Dear Editor: A beautiful Mass celebrating Monsignor Henry Munroe's 25th Anniversary to the pristhood, took place this month at St. Pius X Church, South Yarmouth. It was a true gathering of the parish family celebrating this happy event in their Pastor's life. Old and young alike filled our large church on that cold wintry night to honor a man who has devoted his life to Christ. >Bishop Cronin and many Di-

Civil rights groups had charged that the old regulations were not strong enough, and federal courts have found that at least 20 private schools which claimed nondiscriminatory policies actually did discriminate in admissions on the basis of race.

THE ANCHOR Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River, Mass. Published every Thursday at 410 Hilhland Avenue, Fall River, Mass. 02722 by the Catholic Press of the Oiocese of Fall River. Subscription price by mail, postpaid f'·OO per 1'1f.

When the new proposal was issue4, an IRS source said they were aimed at the so-called "Christian academies" which have sprung up in the South and elsewhere to avoid integration in the public schools.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur., Dec. 14, 1978


---------------------...-;::..) NCCB Will Dialogue On Women's Ministr}, WASHINGTON (NC) - The National Conference of Catholic Bishops' Ad Hoc Committee on Women in Society and the Church has been asked "to assume responsibility for dialogue with advocates of ordination for women." Archbishop John R. Quinn, NCCB president, said the committee would not question church teaching on priestly ordination, but would examine the larger

FATHER JOHN R. FOLSTER, pastor of St. Anne's Church, Fall River, has been named diocesan liaison to the Worldwide Marriage Encounter.

Death D·efinition 'Desperate Need' NEW ORLEANS (NC)"Dying is a process and death is a moment - and it took an American Bar Association committee two-and-a-half years to arrive at this" a doctor-lawyer told a recent meeting of the National Federation of Catholic Physicians Guilds in New Orleans. Dr. McCarthy DeMere, who is both a physician and an attorney, outlined the ABA_ committee's efforts to come up with an acceptable definition of death and concluded that "we desperately need" a good definition. "The legal profession has been struggling for 70 years to come up with a 'legal definition of death, and up until 20 years ago, the cessation of breath and heart· beat were the commonly accepted signs of death," he said. After a long struggle, the ABA committee defined death as "the irreversible cessation of total brain function." And so it came as a shOCk to the committee, Dr) DeMete said, when the bar association adopted the wording, "cessation of meaningful activity of the brain.'" "That is too open to interpretation, too broad a definition," he contended. "Take Karen Quinlan, for instance. Is Karen Quinlan dead? No, she is not. But by that definition she most certainly is." Urging those who oppose abortion to get involved in the battle to achieve a good definition of death, Dr. DeMere said he had "almost begged and pleaded" the U.S. bishops to issue a statement on the legal definition of death as the irreversible cessation of total brain function, but had received no response. Dr. DeMere caHed on physicians at the meeting to work for adoption of a correct definition ot' death, saying that "good people have to fight for it. The wording adopted by the bar association will be accepted by most states, but it's wrong and people who believe in the sanctity of life should fight it."

issue of women's role in min· istry. Bishop Michael J. McAuliffe of Jefferson City, Mo. is chairman of the committee. Members are Bishop Carroll T. Dozier of Memphis; Auxiliary Bisho» George R. Evans of Denver; Auxiliary Bishop P. Francis Murp:,y of Baltimore; Auxiliary Bishop Amedee W. Proulx of Portland, Maine; and Bishop Ernest L. Unterkoefler of Charleston, S.c.



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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur., Dec. 14, 1978

Puebla Meeting Seen As Major Test of New Pope By

pope may visit Mexico City and other countries in Latin America. REV. , The Puebla meeting will be a test of the new pope's major ANDREW M. skills in diplomacy and reconGREELEY ciliation. The Latin American church is polarized on the issue of political involvement, with Preliminary phiiis are be- one militant group arguing that ing made for Pope John the church must involve itself !Paul II to visit Mexico in in Marxist liberation movements, January to attend a critical and the other contending that meeting of the Latin American the church must stay out of c:hurch. In addition to attending politics and preach the gospel. Extremists on both sides rethe conference in Puebla, Mexiject the possibility of a middle(:0, Vatican sources said, the



Every time I meet a new grandmother bubbly with e~nthusiasm, I am reminded of my friend Anne, and my heart aches a bit. It was about this time of the year that Anne's first grandchild was born. Her daughter was pregnant before the weddings, but in spite o,f all the talk around town Anne remained loyal. She ignored the snubs of those who had been friends and refused to impart the juicy details the gossips

ground - a non Marxist but social justice-oriented political involvement.

dignity and value of the human person, will compel him to take a stand against social injustice.

Having lived under Marxist regimes for most of his life, the pope is not likely to be sympathetic to those who would marry Marxism and the Gospel. In addition, as a sophisticated student of Marxist theory, John Paul II will have little sympathy for the pop Marxism of the socalled liberation theologians. On the other hand, his own philosophy, emphasizing as it does the

"The pope is in a no-win situation," one Vatican source told me. ''He stands for a middle between, the two extremes, but in Latin America there is rarely a middle. And the enthusiastic young liberation theologians are barely aware that there is a Catholic social perspective w.J:tich is radical 'but not Marxist. For them, it is Marx or nothing." "Furthermore," he went on,

wanted. and taken care of the little one. ,Besides, Anne and her hus路 She had slept, knowing that her band liked the young man. He mother was so loving, so capseemed stable, genuinely con- able... and she relaxed and cerned for ,their daughter and was revitalized. deeply in love with her. Anne made up her mind that And ~o Anne started making she would do the same for her baby clothes day dreaming about daughter. She had known other the time when she'd be able to young mothers who hadn't had . and they were exdress the little one in the sweat- help. er .she was k?ittin,g. She created hausted. And she knew other qUite a beautiful layette and the grandmothers who dominated more baby clothes she made, the '. the new mother ... she wouldn't more she remembered the day do that. her daughter had been born. suddenly disShe remembered her own Dreams mother staying with her, cook- rupted. ing and cleaning, to let her conHer son-in-Iaw's circumstances centrate on her new baby. And forced the young couple to move, she remembered other times just a little while before the baby when the baby had kept her was due. Anne wished - and awake all night, when she was prayed - so desperately that tired and her mother had come they could have stayed nearby.

"anything less than endorsement of bloody revolution in Latin America may lead your American Catholic liberal press to, denounce the pope as a conservative."

But they had to go so far. Her own situation being rather difficult, she wondered how she would get there. -As much faith as she had, she knew deep in her heart there was no way she could. Her first grandchild was going to be born and she would be miles away, unable to help.

With travel what it is today, it is unthinkable . . . but a first baby was going to be born without a grandmother's hovering, without her years of wisdom, without her tenderness that she would have lavished on that baby. How empty a time for Anne! What mother instinct is renewed in the birth of a grandchild and now that instinct had to he sup-

Many Vlltican officials have advised John Paul II to avoid the dangers of the Puebla meeting. But they have already learned that he is not one to be talked out of a decision about going to the people. The new Polish pope is not a man to stay away from danger.

pressed. 'The yearning to hold her first grandshild was answered with empty arms. The desire to help care for that baby was fulfilled with bUSy work around her own home. The longing to share, to give her love to her daughter and grandchild was stifled. Then her agony increased. She never heard from her daughter . . . never knew if the baby was a boy or a girl. What abysmal emptiness! Finally, through someone else. she learned that the baby had been a boy and was healthy. Mary and Joseph were both well, but times were very hard for them. Their baby had been born in a stable . . . with no woman there to help . . . with no one who knew what to do And Anne wept.

Ratifying the U.N. Human Rights Covenants liy


A broad coalffion of groups concerned about human rights, including the U.S. Catholic Conference and other church groups, have launched a campaign to win U.S. rlltification of United Nations covenants on civil, economic, cultural and political rights.



One of my greatest recent pleasures has been the acquisition of a 35 mm. single le,ns reflex camera with which I have taken pictures of my flovyers. My friends kid me about rpy collection of flower slides, vyhile my children accuse me of taking more pride in my

The administration reportedly plans to seek ratification of several U.N. agreements in this order: the Convention on the Prevention and the Punishment of the Crime of Genocide; the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination; the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The U.N. documents have been around for a long time. Why have they not been ratified before and why the rush to ratify them now?

Supporters of the U.N. agreements argue that most Americans have simply never heard of the documents and that some people oppose such agreements because they mistakenly believe that they would limit U.S. sovereignty.

tee some of those rights. One obvious reason to push for ratification is that human rights have become a major issue in the past few years, due to pressure from church and other human rights groups, Congress and the Carter administration.

SOIne people, covenant supporters also say, take many of the rights guaranteed for granted or dismiss the agreements because they see other nations which have signed them blatantly ignoring them. And, finally, some people simply do not want to see the government guaran-

The administration and other covenant supporters believe ratification will help strengthen the administration's position in applying pressure on other countries. Supporters also argue that ratification will allow the U.S. to participate in U;N. human

rights meetings open only to signatory nations. Some supporters also argue that ratification would make human rights a permanent part of U.S. foreign policy that does not depend upon the views of whoever is president at any given moment. Hut even such a "permanent" policy can be ignored and that seems to be at the heart of the concern for ratification: the process will serve as a major forum for applying pressure to all nations - including the U.S. to upgrade human rights throughout the world.

flowers than in them. My de路 fense is that flowers sit still for pictures and they can't make critical comments about the quality of the finished product. I have found I can take most flowers with the 50 mm. lens with which most cameras come equipped. I have also purchased an inexpensive set of close-up lenses for especially small flowers. Other than that I have had to purchase only a couple of filters for use with blue flowers; blue being the one color, that does not photograph true witli the color film available.

eras knows that the cost of everything involved with them is high. I do not pretend to be a professional photographer and I do not do my own developing, but at my level a roll of 36 frames of color pictures costs me about $6 from purchase to print or slide. If I get an especially good slide I splurge and have it blown up to 8xl0 size and framed.

people's gardens. As with any extension of a hobby, one can become so engrossed that one finds oneself taking on a whole new interest.

I admit this has happened to me, but I find photography a worthwhile venture, one which adds a whole new dimension to the pleasures of the garden.

In the light of my own experience, I suggest that flower photography is a delightful sideline for the dedicated gardener. Not only can one enjoy one's I mention the above only be- own garden, but one can take pictures in other cause anyone familiar with cam- special

CHDGrants WASHINGTON - The Campaign for Human Development (eHD), the major U.S. Catholic domestic anti-poverty program, is now accepting applications for 1979 grants. The deadline is January 31. Under CHI) guidelines, priority in making grants will be given to projects that directly involve poor or oppressed

people, attack the basic causes of poverty, foster institutional change, can serve as models for other efforts, and will benefit a large number of people. Application forms for 1979 grants are available from local Catholic diocesan OHD offices or from: Campaign for Human Development, 1312 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20005.


Carter Stance Continued from Page One change, sometimes disturbing, that has encouraged progress in many places." "To those who question our dedication, I say: Ask the victims. Ask the exiles. Ask the governments which practice repression. "We live in a difficult, complicated world - a world in which peace is literally a matter of survival," Carter said. "Our foreign policy must take this into account. Often, a choice that moves us toward one of our goals moves us farther away from another. "But," he said, "I want to stress again that human rights are not peripheral to the foreign policy of the United States. Our human rights policy is not a decoration. U is not something we have adopted to polish up our image abroad, or to put a fresh coat of moral paint on the discredited policies of the past." As Carter spoke, however, his commitment to human rights was challenged by Jesuit Father Virgil Blum, president of the Catholic lLeague for Religious and Civil Rights, who said in a telegram to the president that his support of the U.N. declaration was "a shocking act of hypocrisy." He said "outside Iron Curtain countries, no one has more flagrantly violated Article \26 of the declaration, which guarantees the human rights of parents to choose publicily funded secular-religious education for their children. "You bear the primary responsibility for the defeat of tuition tax credits which would have assured parents of this right." Article 26 does not specifically mention religious education. It says, "Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children." Carter opposed tuition tax credits as unconstitutional and threatened to veto any such legislation passed by Congress. Another challenge came from a second Jesuit, Father Daniel Berrigan, famed for his peace activism. If President Carter were to "fly into Moscow tomorrow" with a proposal to cut the nuclear arsenal by 10 percent and to stop war resarch immediately, "a wave of great hope would go around the world" and something positive would be set in motion, the priest told an audience at the University of Dayton. Opening an "Education for Justice" series, Father Berrigan cited as a precedent for such a gesture -Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's visit to Israel. He suggested that President Carter could make a dramatic appearance at the Kremlin, pledge a 10 percent arms reduction and then ask "what gesture would you offer," as Sadat said to (Israeli Prime Minister Menachem) Begin. -But Father Berrigan added that he does not expect that to happen. "The trouble is that at least since Truman and Hiroshima


Thurs., Dec. 14, 1978

Pope's Ministry Unique, He Says VATICAN CITY (NC) The 'Episcopal Church in the United States regards Pope John Paul II as "a world figure of ever-increasing importance." said U.S. Episcopalian bisho:;> David Richards, interviewed by Vatican Radio after attending a papal general audience. "We admire his courage and his energy and his great capacity to govern. We also admire his ability to give witness t:> Christ in the whole world, and we support him in his ministry, unique in all the world," sai d Bishop Richards, director of the Office of Pastoral Development for the Episcopal Diocese of Florida.

GREATER NEW BEDFORD area residents on the 1979 Bishop's Ball Committee include, from left, Miss Dorothy Curry, Mrs. James W'. Leith, James Gleason, Mrs. Marcel Trahan.

He said the primary role (If the church today is to give witness to peace and make mankind understand that peace is possible. The new pope's world travels, experience with diverse cultures and wide influence make him a key figure in the search for peace, he said.

Ball Has Diamond Jubilee Motif The 24th annual iBishop's Charity Ball, to be held Friday ,night, Jan. 12, at Lincoln Park Ballroom, North Dartmouth, will have as its motif the 75th anniversary of the 'Fall River diocese. The diocesan coat of arms will highlight the bishop's box at the ball, and the diocesan 'colors of blue, silver and red will form the evening's color scheme, with small twinkling white lights simulating diamonds.

every president has gone into office on the promise of reducing the terror and every president has furthered it, including Mr. Carter. It is quite clear that all are locked into a system which can only be called demonic." The presidents seem "relatively powerless and unable to take any kind of a risk for a new direction," the Jesuit priest continued. "In the meantime some of us have to keep saying 'no' - at least I do." The priest says his use of symbols to protest the buildup of nuclear armaments is his way of opposing what he calls the acceptance of "abstract death" in a society threatened with nuclear extinction. In the context of a potential nuclear holocaust; it is necessary to bring these symbols "out of the sanctuary" and into "the seats of government," he said, adding that "the game in the Kremlin and the Pentagon is to be able to push a button and countless faceless people will die elsewhere, without disturbing your silk suit or manicured life."


Also appropriately decorated by a special ball committee will be the ballroom lounge, presentees' box and stage. A souvenir booklet will carry out the jubilee theme. Names for

inclusion in its various categories may be submitted to ball headquarters, 410 Highland Ave., Fall River. Ball tickets are available at all rectories and from committee members.

3 out of 4 people in the world have no idea that I we celebrate the birth of : Christ at Christmas. YOU can make Christmas meaningful to them too - by helping to support missionaries who bring the "glad tidings" to all men of good will. Send your sacrifice to the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, which has been aiding the Church's mission work for over 156 years.

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ANCH 12-14-78

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The Rev. Monsignor John J. Ohn:i,lI Diocesan Director


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THE ANCHORThurs., Dec. 14, 1978


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'We Shall Overcome' Might Well Be the Motto Of Courageous Acushnet Family. "We shall overcome" might well be the motto of the Stephen Olivier family of St. Francis Xavier parish, Acushnet. Stephen, 29, has had three unsuccessful kidney transplants and is on a waiting list for the fourth. Since 1972 he has needed dialysis three times a week, for five hours each time. His wife, Claudette, 28, comb'ines work as a library aide at Acushnet Elementary School with giving Steve his treatments on their home-installed dialysis machine. The couple has two children, Stephen Jr., almost 8, and a newly adopted interracial charmer, Jolene Monique, 10 months.. Why add care of a baby, irresistible though she is, to their already overwhelming schedule? Claudette and Steve have a simple answer: "We love children." Despite Steve's illness, they experienced no prolems with Jolene's adoption, handled through the Catholic Charitable Bureau in Boston. And on another front, there has been no difficulty with prejudice among family members or friends, possibly partially because Steve's sister has an interracial mariage of nearly eight years standing. The couple, Eddie and Elizabeth McKnight, were Jolene's godparents at a double baptism ceremony at St. Francis Xavier for her and their oy;n new baby, Bethany. And a big welcome to the ,new

AT DOUBLE1IAPTISM at St. Francis Xavier Church, Acushnet, are, from left, Father Richard McNally, SS.CC., Mrs. and Mr. Gerard Charest (in rear), parents of Claudette; Louise Olivier; Elizabeth McKnight with Bethany; Eddie McKnight; Claudette Olivier with Jolene Monique. (Sister Gertrude Gaudette Photo) family member came from brother Stevie. who wanted a little sister, said his mother, and has adjusted beautifully to sharing his parents' attention with her. Care of Jolene is shaFed by both parents, since Steve, an artist, works at home and can be chief diaper-changer and bottle-washer during the day. He is unable to hold an outside job, Claudette explained, because he

does not know when the call will come for his next transplant operation. His artistic specialties include pen and ink drawings, oil painting, silk screening, woodcarving and frame-making, she said, adding, "Orders are always welcome!"

Bent ,Brigham Hospital in Boston, where he has had his surgery, has been outstanding. The family must, however, build its life around the dialysis machine, and trips from home ate limited to such brief excursions as summer camping trips to nearby Horseneck Beach.

She said she took an eightweek course to prepare for giving Steve home dialysis and that medical cooperation from Peter

But with it all, there are no complaints. "We have no real problems," maintain this courageous couple.


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Msgr. John J. Regan is the diocese's newest pastor, having just been appointed to St. Thomas More parish, Somerset. But he has not laid aside his other hats. He remains financial administrator of The Anchor and director of the four diocesan homes for the aged. In the latter position, aided by Father Lucio Phillipino, he supervises operation of the Catholic Memorial Home,FaIl River; Our Lady's Haven, Fairhaven; Madonna Manor, North Attleboro; and Marian Manor, Taunton. He is also a member of. the board of directors of Sacred Heart Home, New Bedford, although not directly responsible for that facility, which is operated by the Sisters of Charity of Quebec. Msgr. Regan scotches the notion that nursing homes are inhabited chiefly by people deposited there by their heartless children. "In my experience, children wait as long as possible before placing a parent in a nursing facility. Usually there is no way to continue caring for the person at home. "No one should feel guilty at making such a decision," he continued. '~ursing home personnel are skilled in dealing with the

aged and usually can better meet diet and therapy needs than a lay person, no matter how loving." Bearing o.ut his statements is t.t:ur fact that the average person in a diocesan home is in his or her 80's and in need of some type of skilled .care. Msgr. Regan also wished to allay fears that "determination of need" advertising appearing _ in area newspapers in connection with renovations under way at all the diocesan homes means that the facilities are in 'any way substandard. Such advertising is mandatory if a home is to qualify for state or federal grants. Among projects in progress at the homes are new roofs for two, painting at Marian Manor and installation of an emergency generator at Our Lady's Haven. The possibility of a nursing home fire is a nightmare shared by all administrators, but the likelihood is remote at the diocesan facilities. Already essentially fireproofed, they are adding smoke detectors every 60 feet, automatic door closers and well-lit exit signs. In many cases doors are being widened for easy emergency exit and even paint is checked for its fire-resistant qualities. Apart from fire precautions,

the federal life safety code for nursing homes mandates such items as raised signs that can be "read" by touch and grab railings in halls and similar areas. Altogether, said Msgr. Regan, the current improvement program will cost about $1 million. And state or federal reimbursement for any part of that amount doesn't come easily. He said paperwork supporting grant requests amounts to between one and two thousand pages per home. "We do the preliminary work in our office," he said, "but then we have to turn it over to architects and lawyers who are specialists in finding their way through the maze of regulations governing nursing homes." Despite such red tape, he said that the diocesan homes are outstanding in the state and country for their caring, efficient service. "The Memorial Home, with 296 beds, is one of the largest in the state," he noted. "It and the other three homes, which charge an average of $28 to $30 per day, probably give better care than any similar facility in the country." Msgr. Regan said that whereas the state allows $1.81 food allowance per day per patient, actual costs amount to about

$2.50 per day. "We won't skimp in that area," he said. "Our nutrition standards payoff in preventing bedsores and other disorders associated with improper diet." Despite the difficulty of obtaining state approval of nursing home expansion, Msgr. Regan declared that a "crying need" exists for additional beds. "We have about as many on our waiting lists as in our homes. In other words, if our homes emptied today, they'd be filled again tomorrow." Looking to the future, he projects that by the year 2030, 25 percent of the population will be aged and that the need for housing can do nothing but increase. He noted that three of the four diocesan homes are recycled downtown hotels and said their location is a real plus for residents. "They are in easy reach of stores, coffee shops, other people. They're not cut off from the world." And he also pointed out the advantage of church-sponsored facilities for the elderly. "They're in a Christian atmosphere, cared for by priests and the Sisters of Charity and the Dominican and Carmelite nuns to whom the work is a vocation, not just a job."

Philosophy: Don't Leave Home Without,It Warns Acushnet's Father Paul Sorelle WASHLNGTON, D.C. - How important is philosophy in the training of missionaries for work in Africa? "Don't leave home without it" is the advice of a veteran Missionary of Africa, Acushnet native Father Paul Sorelle. "On the surface, it would seem that more emphasis should be placed on the practical aspects of missionary activity, such as medical aid and various social welfare projects," said Father Sorelle, "but on a deeper level both philosophy and theology broaden one's understanding of human nature and serve as keys to other cultures." Father Sorelle served for several years in missions in Africa, was provincial of the Missionaries of Africa in the U.S. for eight years, and is now general manager and head of his community's house in Washington. He attended St. Francis Xavier elementary school in Acushnet, then received high school and seminary training in Canada. He was ordained in 1953. His assignments in Africa included parish work in Bukoba, Tanzania, for 15 months. After only three months in one parish, he was hearing confessions in the Ruhaya language, and preaching five-minute sermons. "I was so limited in my knowledge of the language that I just had to make the sermons short and sweet," said Father Sorelle. Transferred to Uganda in 1959, he taught philosophy and theodicy at the White Fathers major seminary and also took care of the seminary farm. This meant feeding pigs and chickens, milking cows, and taking care of fruit and vegetable gardens. "When you have that range of activities," Father Sorelle said, "scholarly pretensions take second place to the virtue of humility." After two and one-half years of service in Uganda, Father Sorelle was transferred to the U.S., where he held a number of teaching positions and also served as a seminary rector. He then taught philosophy in Ghana for a year and in 1977 assumed

his present post in Washington. "Speaking from the standpoint of service in Africa," he said, "I think we should find a philosophy which is not Western. Africans tend to be more imaginative than rational. To them God is the Creator, the fantastic being who set everything in motion. Then He retires from the


field, and those with whom you are immediately concerned are the spirits of deceased members of your family. "If you fail to honor them and to pay attention to their requests, they will make demands on you to rectify whatever is wrong. For example, the spirit of your grandfather might be unhappy because you are ill-treating his daughter; You have to be more kind to the daughter, possibly offer a chicken in expiation for your poor treatment of her. "The dead have a much more significant place in African culture than they do in Western culture, especially in the U.S.," Father Sorelle continued. "The communion of saints, for exam:_ pIe, in the old Baltimore Catechism, is one of the doctrines that Africans accept most easily because of their respect for their ancestors or dead relatives.

"But the difference in culture is evident also on the natural plane. If you ask one African boy if another boy is his real cousin or perhaps even his brother, he thinks you're insulting him. He just doesn't understand what you're talking about because kinship is not a matter of degrees. "Here's another example: If an African priest has a car strictly for use in his parish apostolate, and if he refuses to lend it to his brother for use as a taxi, then the priest is regarded as an outcast by his family." Asked if mission consciousness in the U.S. is low, Father Sorelle replied: "I think it certainly could be better, especially when we look at the high sense of mission in countries like West Germany. I think what is lacking is not so much in the priests themselves but in their training. Mission theology in the books we studied 25 years ago was summed up in one paragraph." "But the biggest thing wrong today," Fat1)er Sorelle continued, "is that the word 'mission' means almost anything. It means, among other things, taking care of a local alcoholic or helping Mrs. Jones, a widow with eight children. Of course, mission means this too, but I think that above all it means reaching out to those who have never heard the good news of salva~ion about 65% of humanity today. "From this standpoint, I think it's 'mission unfinished' for the missionary, and I think it will remain like that forever. For when Christ said that we will always have the poor with us, He meant not only those lacking material things but also those who are poor spiritually. These poor will always be in our midst, and this is a blessing because it allows us to share what we have with them - and that's one of the most godlike qualities or features we have in our lives." Asked if he would return to Africa as a missionary, Father Sorelle replied: "At a moment's notice."

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur., Dec. 14, 1978

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tical life, Archbishop Jadot said, the directions should look not only to young people but also to older people with expertise in social issues who are retiring earlier and seeking second careers. Archbishop Jadot said he has seen in recent months a growing "conservatism" in the United States. On the positive side, he said, it is understandable that people want stability. On the other hand, he added, he sees a growing lack of concern, especially among college students, with social issues and the problems of those in need. He noted that some observers speak of the "Me Generation"

and said the description seems accurate. Partly because of the emphasis on "me," he said, people at large do not seem to want to hear what the church has to say about social issues and moral problems; although public opinion leaders and specialists seem to want· to hear the church speak out clearly.

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'Political Vocations' Seen As Need WASHINGTON (NC) - The church should do more to foster "political vocations," the apostolic delegate in the United States, Archbishop Jean Jadot, told a meeting of state Catholic conference directors in Washington. He asked whether church educational institutions were doing enough to teach "the political responsibility of a Christian" and he also suggested that the directors encourage Catholics to enter political life. "Some people are born politicians, and they're not necessarily the best ones," he said. "Others come to political life out of a sense of duty." In encouraging entering poli-


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Should Grandparents Discipline? By Dr. Jim and Mary Kenny

Dear Mary: When my parents visit us, they correct our children as though they were the parents. The problem is the grandparents stop the children from doing I.> things we permit (climbing trees, 5.00 - 9.00 P.M. ~ for example) and they don't stop ~ ~ things we would, like them to stop. How can I change the ~ Route 118, Attleboro, Massachusetts ~ grandparents without being rude? What should I tell my ~ ~ ~ ~ children? ~ ~ ~ ~ A It is doubtful that discip~ ~ line given by a visitor, even ~ Visit our Shrine Gift Shop for grandparents, is going to have the largest selection ofreligious ~~ much effect on your children, \~~ gift items. ~ good or bad. The directives are (~)~)~ ~ short-lived because the grand. ~ R parents are not around for any ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~.~~~~~~~~~~~~~,.,.,.~~,.,.,.,.,.~,.,.,.,~ length of time. Usually, since \ grandparents are not charged with the task of rearing the children, their discipline is inconsistent. They forbid something one time and ignore it the next. Inconsistent discipline is ineffective discipline. Secondly, the actions of the grandparents probably bother you much more than your children. The way grandparents discipline reminds us of the way they treated us as children. We cannot help but relive, the parent-child role witli ourselves in the role of the child. The emotions involved in such a role upset us. The children on the other hand, are apt to take the directives from grandparents in stride. Adults tell children what to do all the time. Teache'rs, store clerks, scout leaders, lifeguards at the swimming pool discipline children. Grandparents are no exception. Generally children know how to deal with directives from adults. They know which adults mean business, and they brush off the rest.


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If the orders given by the like them to handle it. For exgrandparents do not seem to ample, "Grandma, Allen somedistress your children, I would times runs into the street and it ignore the situation. It is doing is very dangerous. Would you little or no harm to the children. watch him and not let him?" To make an issue would upset Remember, it is mostly your the grandparents, probably hurt own feelil}gs which make you them, and probably not effect concerned about the whole situaany great change. What can be tion. Try to understand why you accomplished by making an is- are upset. As you understand sue? ,yourself better, try to give the If the orders from grandpar- grandparents a fair hearing. Perents seem to confuse or distress haps they will point out someyour children, then speak up in thing which really does need discipline. Learn from them if you a pleasant, direct, firm way. "Grandpa, we let the children can. When they can be helpful, suggest how they can help you. climb that tree. It's all right." If they distress your child If the grandparents are good speak up. If no harm is being disciplinarians, that is, if they done, ignore the situation. consistently, kindly and firmly Reader questions on family tell the children what to do, then use them. Point out one or two living and child care are invited. situations which need disciplin- Address to The Kennys, c/o The ing and tell them how you would Anchor; P.O: Box 7, Fall River, Mass. 02722.

Archbishop Will Be Father OTTAWA (NC) - Archbishop Joseph-Aurele Plourde, called "Father" since his ordination 34 years ago, will become a father in a new sense when his "adoption~J-of a l6-year-old Cambodian refugee is completed. Technically, Archbishop Plourde is not adopting Tea Huot, but sponsoring him so he can live in Canada. "I will sponsor him at first, which really is the same as adoption. And if there is a compelling reason, I will adopt him later. But there will be no difference, whether he has my name or not," said Archbishop Puorde. "I am going to feed and clothe him, and see to his education, and have a job for him in the summer. But most of all, I am going to be his friend," added the Canadian prelate, whose

residence Tea Huot will share. Archbishop Plourde said his action also is an attempt to draw Canadian attention to the refugee problem, especially regarding "violations of children's rights." The young Cambodian currently is in a refugee camp in Thailand, where he fled two years ago after communists killed his brother and sister. The last time 'Huot saw his parents they were dying of starvation and are now believed dead. He was taken from his home and spent eight months in a Cambodian forced labor camp. At the jungle camp, he worked 18 hours a day. He joined about 20 other youths to plan an escape but only he and three others managed to reach Thailand.

, ,. , , Question (orner •

By Father John Dietzen Q. I know you receive and answer a lot of qUestiODS eoneeming marriage - some people divorce and remarry in the church, some cannot, and some are armulled. .Frankly, it's darned confusing to me, maybe because I've never seen a list of all the rules In one place. Can you to tell us what these rules are? I think it would help me, and probably many others, to understand some of the situations in our families. (Delaware) A. Yours is probably one of the most sensible questions I've ever received, and one of the most difficult to answer. The marriage legislation of the church is long and involved, reflecting at once its concern for the sacredness of marriage and for people in painful or impossible marriage situations.

From my experience, however, the following summary of the church's present marriage laws should go far in answering questions about specific cases, as they would apply normally to our country: ,1. Any person who is baptized

a Catholic must be married before an ordained Catholic minister in order to be truly (i.e validly) married. The only exception is when the bishop himself gives a dispensation for a Catholic to marry elsewhere, such as in a Protestant church or before a civil judge. Without such dispensation, any marriage involving a Catholic that does - not take place before an ordained Catholic minister is not valid in the eyes of the church. 2. If neither marriage partner is Catholic, and both are free to marry ·(for example, if neither one has a previous marriage), the Catholic Church recognizes the union as a true, valid mar· riage. Thus, contrary to what some people still believe, the church definitely considers marriage between two Hindus, for example, or two Baptists or Lutherans, as real marriages. 3. Furthermore, if both nonCatholic partners in a marriage are validly baptized Christians, the Catholic Church views that marriage as a Christian sacra· ment. They receive the sacra· ment of marriage, and have what we call a sacramental marriage. This unique character of all Christian marriages has special significance in our marriage laws, as the next point makes clear. 4. While the church does claim authority to dissolve certain mafl'iages "in favor of the faith," it considers any sacra· mental marriage, in the sense explained above, entirely beyond its reach or power to dissolve. Thus, if it is certain that two





THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur., Dec. 14, 1978

? •

Please remember that in any case involving someone who has been married before and who now wishes to marry someone else in the Catholic Church, all pertinent facts (such as baptism, previous marriages and divorces, etc.) must be substantiated by appropriate documents and, if necessary, by testimony of people in a position to know. This is one way the church attempts to assure that people do not get into a new situation that will hurt them again, perhaps even worse than before. QuestiODS for this column should be sent to Father Dietzen, c/o The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, Fall River, Mass. 02722.

Opus Dei Opens Student Center NEW YORK (NC) The Riverside Study Center for promoting Catholic values among college students and young professionals in Manhattan has opened a permanent facility in a five-story, 69-year-old mansion as the latest project of the worldwide Opus Dei movement. The center, which has living accommodations for 24 young men, most of them students, was purchased for $300,000 _by the Heights Foundation, a nonprofit corporation which sponsors Opus Dei residences and educational centers in New York City and Washington for the spiritual formation of young men and women. According to James Kelly, director, the center wili provide instruction in Catholic doctrine, studies in philosophy and ethics, intellectual exchange with businessmen of integrity and spiritual activities aimed at fostering practical Christian living. "Our founder believed people could live a full Christian life while doing their ordinary work," Kelly said of Msgr. Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer, who organized Opus Dei in 1928. Msgr. iBalaguer died in 1975 after guiding the movement, which has 70,000 members of 80 nationalities, for 47 years. His canonization cause is under consideration.

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Providence Aids Stevens Boycott The nationwide boycott of J. P. Stevens and Co. textile products is continuing to draw Catholic support, with the vicar for community affairs of the Providence, R.I., Diocese urging all diocesan agencies and instituitions to stop buying Stevens products. In a related development, a Holy Cross brother well known in the hospitality-food service industry has asked all publishers of industry maga~ines to ban J. P. Stevens advertising. In Providence, Father Francis J. Giudice said he considered church participation in the boycott "a corporate moral witness to the principles of social justice and to the preservation of the human dignity of the workers involved in this issue." He emphasized, however, that the recommendations on the boycott came from the vicariate for community affairs and not from . Bishop Louis E. Gelineau. The letter to hospitality-food service publications came from Holy Cross Brother Herman Zaccarelli, formerly at Stonehill College,)' North- Easton; and now director of the Restaurant, Hotel and Institutional Management Institute at Purdue University. He described J. P. Stevens' history of labor relations as "a blot on our industry's record" and added: "I cannot see how an industry publication can maintain any semblance of editorial integrity if it knows the facts about J. P. Stevens Co. and then continues to accept their advertising."



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people in a valid marriage were truly baptized in any Christian church, there is no possibility of the church's dissolving that marriage to ~llow either of the individuals to marry again. (Remember that "dissolving" a marriage is different from an annul-__ ment, which is a declaration that there was never a valid marriage at all.) This rules out such procedures as the Pauline privilege, or Privilege of the Faith, which might be used in other circumstances - and which we'll need to save to talk about in next week's column.

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The Cure of the Paralytic By Father John Castelot


Mark's story of Jesus' cure of a' paralytic is fascinating from many points of view. As it stands, it seems to repre sent a combination of two originally separate narratives - a miracle story and a conflict story about the power of Jesus and his church to forgive sin. The composition is quite uneven and the reaction of the bystanders, for instance, seems to have nothing to do with the man's sins having been forgiven. Matthew changed the conclusion to fit this, the main point of the story, for Christian readers. The narrative illustrates the close connection between faith and healing, both physical and moral. In the thinking of the day, there was an intimate tieup between moral and physical evil. Jesus went along with this to a certain extent. While herefused to connect personal sin with personal suffering, he rec'What you loved you were always in danger ognized that the basic evil is of losing.' moral. And so, in answer to the unspoken request of the paralytic's friends for a cure, he bypassed the paralysis and said instead, to everyone's amazement; "My son, your sins are By Mary Maher What many of us do when we forgiven." remain in death-dealing settings The scene is dramatic, Jesus In her novel "Final Pay- is to cast blame upon God for was teaching in a crowded ments," Mary Gordon tells the his not caring about us. Do. not house in Capernaum. Along story of a 30-year-old woman mistake what I say: God's acwho stands before her father's tive presence in humankind as a came a little group caTrying a open grave and her own open, caring, compassionate Author of paralytic, hoping to present him new life. For years she has cared Life has suffered much real con- to Jesus. Unable to get past the door, they refused to give up. for him, an invalid. fusion in our day, who does not They went up on the roof, reWithin a few months she falls wonder where the God of his- moved the thatching, and let the in love with a man who asks tory was during the Holocaust? man down in front of Jesus commitment of her. She panics, But I am speaking of our daily a relatively simple process, but returns to find one of her wonderment at where God is in ingenious, and one which must father's old friends who is bed- our lives. have caused a commotion. ridden and decides to care for Jesus goes to the heart of the In life, many .of us are called her. She finds choosing life more man's problem when he says, 'to be Mary Gordon's sort of difficult than dealing with the character to embrace the ."My .son, your sins are fordeath process in others. frightening task of embracing given." His followers later But she resolves her crisis: our own lives. When this hap- claimed that that forgiving "That night I thought of what pens, the God~question comes up power was still active in the I had come here to get away for grabs and we ask again: Who Christian community. from. I had promised Margaret is God? Does he care about my It is true, as Christ's adverI would stay with her as an ac- passage, my present pain? saries objected, that God alone knowledgement of my own dycan forgive sin, but the ChristTad Guzie says, "The process ians were convinced that the ing. If I called Eleanor, if I wrote to Hugh, if I sang at the piano begins to take place, really and risen Lord still exercised divine with Father Mulcahy, I was sus- often painfully, as we come to power in the world. Their anceptible to all that loss. It came terms with other persons as truly swer to their adversaries was to me that life was monstrous: other. Grace and the risen life the same as that of Jesus to his. What you loved you were al- therefore require a new' mean- There is no denying that anyone ways in danger of losing. The ing, for it is at this stage that can say he forgives sin. But greatest love meant only, finally, one begins to understand ex- how to prove it? By doing somethe greatest danger . . . But it perie.ntially and not just notion- thing else which only God can was life I wanted. Not Margaret. ally the sense of life coming do, something they can all see, Margaret's unlovableness ren- out of death . . . One has to by curing the paralytic on the dered her incapable of inflicting work out the process of rising spot. permanent pain. She could de- to new life by accepting reMany New Testament scholcay the soul, but she could not sponsibility for oneself as Jesus ars feel with good reason that destroy it. Only love could do .did." the words of verse 10 were not that, and the accidents of love. God's care for us involves the addressed by Jesus to his imBut it was life I wanted. Life full journey into human growth mediate audience. Rather, they and loss." that is life. God's care has never seem to be a sort of commentary We may, as this girl, fear the been an anesthetic against hu- on Mark's part, calling to the full demands of life so much man wounds (Jacob is named attention of his readers the real that we choose the shadows of Israel, wounded unto healing). meaning of the miracle. He does non-growth and death. For it is Care of us by God is not a nur- not want them to miss the point, to get so excited about the physihard to grow well. Turn to Page Thirteen

Does God Really Care About Me?

cal cure as to overlook its profound significance, the power of the Lord and of the church to forgive sin. . Matthew's version spells this out even more clearly: "To help you realize that the Son of Man

has authority on earth to forgive sins . . . " (Matthew 9:6). And after the miracle, according Matthew 9:8, "At the sight, a feeling of awe came over th~ crowd, and they praised God for giving such authority to men."


Abraham Joshua Heschel By Mary C. Maher Abraham Joshua Heschel, called by many Catholic priestfriends their beloved "Father Abraham," was one of this century's finest scholars and philosophers of religion. Three years before his death in 1972, Rabbi Heschel spoke these words which were also very autobiographical: "To be moderate in the face of God would be a profanation. The goal is not accommodation but a transformation. A mediocre response to immensity is offensive to eternity." Heschel was never moderate in his response to God or other humans. He was a mystic, a passionate pursuer of truth who will be known for generations because of his powerful and poetic descriptions of the relationship between God and humanity. Abraham Heschel was born in Europe, studied and taught in Berlin. through an appointment of . Martin Buber, was expelled by the Nazis in 1938 and migrated to England and later to America. In the United States he taught at Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati and later at the Jewish Theological Seminary. He lectured widely and wrote many books. The titles of two indicate the direction of his thought; "Man is Not Alone" and "God in Search of Man." God's active concern for men and women was central to HescheI's thought. He believed that his concern answered and healed

modern humans' rootlessness and lack of energy to do good. He maintained that Judaism had never ceased to be the spontaneous and creative presence for all humankind and he wrote with passion that the world should understand the State of Israel as this sort of surprising presence: "Israel reborn represents a breakthrough into whole new areas of experience and understanding. It defies conventional conceptions, ordinary expectations. Its essence is a proclamation . . . The mysterious events so central to Judaism and Christianity seem so strange because they are so unprecedented. The return to Zion . . . is an unprecedented drama, an event for which there is no model, no analogy . . . Israel is a miracle in disguise." ,But Heschel did not minimize the cost of the achievement of ,Israel nor the wound to the whole world that the Holocaust was and remained. Rabbi Heschel applied his insights to concrete modern problems, participating in White House conferences and the civil rights movement. It was his energetic participation in JewishChristian dialogue previous to Vatican II which paved the way for the declaration of concern for Jews which would later come from the Catholic Church. Abraham Joshua Heschel was, as one of the prophets whom he described, "a fire which burns because Yahweh is forever kindling it."

For Children By Janaan Manternach One time Jesus was in a house in Capernaum. People began to gather. So many came that even outside around the door there wasn't room for everyone. People loved to listen to what Jesus had to say. While Jesus was speaking, four men arrived carrying a paralyzed friend. They wanted to bring him to Jesus. But there was no way to get into the house through the crowd. What were they to do? They decided that the roof might be a way to get into the house and near Jesus. The roof was flat and made of thatch. They quickly opened up a hole above where

Jesus was talking to the crowd. Then they carried the paralyzed man up on the roof and lowered him down right in front of Jesus. Can you imagine the surprise of the people? And can you imagine the joy that Jesus may have felt? He certainly was aware of how eager the friends of this man were to help him. Jesus was deeply impressed with their faith in him. He didn't even wait for them to plead for their friend. He looked at the man and said to everyone's surprise, "My son, your sins are forgiven." The words were puzzling. No one Turn to Page Thirteen

A Verdade E A Vida Dirigida pelo Rev. Edmond Rego

o DOMINGO, DIA DO SENHOR Estat!sticas recentes dizem-nos que tem diminuido sens!ve1mente entre nos 0 nGmero de pessoas que participam na Missa , dominical. "E e1evado, mais de 2,4 mi1hoes, o numero de fieis Que semana1mente se reunem, em cerca de 11,700 assemb1eias dominicais, para a ce1ebrai~0 festiva do misterio central da f~ crista, facto esse que de grande a1cance para a vida da Igreja. Mas infe1izmente, maior, cerca do dobro, o nUmero de baptizados que, por impossibi1idade pratica, suficiente para dispensar da obrigafao can8nica, ou insensibi1idade ao significado e valor dessa ce1ebra~~0, fa1tam habitua1mente ou muitas vezes a e1a~ Um problema que se apresenta nestes termos com as conseQu~ncias que a nossa f~ nos ens ina n~o poderia deixar-nos indiferentes. Nada acontece por acaso. Com um pouco de ref1ex~0 e atenta observal~o da rea1i~ dade quotidiana, ta1vez possamos encontrar algumas das causas que est~o na origem deste facto. A pregui¥a, 0 princ!pio do menor esfor~o. Um ambiente de aburguesamento cada vez mais generalizado, 0 horror a compromissos de qua1quer esp~cie, a tend~ncia para cada um se guiar apenas pe10 que .1he apetece fazer, tornam diffci1, a hora da verdade, 0 aceitar como dever a Missa dominica1 e as demais exig~ncias do Domingo. Curiosamente, os mesmos homens, que, ao 10ngo da semana, fazem mil coisas, vao para 0 emprego, tem encontros, etc., n~o porque 1hes apetece, mas porque tem que ser assim, quando chegam aos diversos deveres para com Deus, entregam-se cobardemente a tirania da sensibi1idade. Nao se reduzem a isto muitas descu1pas que nos apresentam, quando pretendem justificarse da sua aus~ncia dos actos de cu1to? Uma vida tota1mente em desacordo com o ambiente sagrado Que se vive na Missa. 0 homem sente-se cada vez mais estrangeiro no Temp10, porque vive, tantas vezes, ao 10ngo da semana, num mundo muito distante das exig~ncias da Pesam sobre os seus ombros muitos problemas a que nWo tentou ou nao conseguiu dar uma resposta do Evange1ho: a 1imita~ao pecaminosa dos nascimentos, a desonestidade nos negocios e costumes, a fa1ta habitual de dom!nio dos sentidos, etc. A fa1ta de forma;ao. Ninguem ama 0 ~ue mao conhece. E certo e sabido que a ignor~ncia re1igiosa ~, em muitos casos, verdadeiramente espantosa. E esta como escreveu uma alma de Deus em nossos dias, 0 maior inimigo de Deus no mundo. I ' a1em , do E, evdente que a Liturgia e, mais, uma 1inguagem que 0 homem tem necessidade de compreender. E para que isto se~ ~, M ja poss1ve1, e necessaria uma iniciaiao. As dificu1dades reais do contexto so- ha, duvida , cia1. Nao que as pessoas en f rentam, a hora de cvmprir 0 preceito dominical, dificu1dades reais. Vivemos na "civi1iza)ao da mobi1idade ••• A mobi1idade, que a nota dominante da nova civi1iza~ao, nao se refere apenas a faci1idade de desloca~ao das pessoas a rapidez com que circu1em atraves dos meios de comunicallo social,, as, not!cias e as ideias. Refere-se ,. tambem as muta,oes no interior da propria sociedade, em resu1tado da maior instabi1idade dos grupos espontaneos, tantas vezes A em concorrencia com as tra d i~oes.




Continued from Page Twelve turing that smothers but a call that stretches. It is strange that we often call out to God to save us from what he gave us: rich, growthfull, possible life. We want protection and insulation from defeat; we want grace to repress those feelings of anxiety so necessary to tell us where we humanly are; we want comfort morel. than care. God's care often seems to be little comfort. No Eden reversed do we get; instead, a world struggling with nuclear power and its own future. But a world, too, which offeM us innumerable possibilities to look more like the creatures God made. God's care is not the comfort of familiar and deadening patterns. It asks the journey of heroes through the necessary confrontation with the dark aspects of our human personalities and their integration (not destruction) into our lighter side. Like Mary Gordon's character, it is a costly gift to understand how God cares for us - it asks so much stepping out of death into life. But God insisted that we would need to be a people in

Cardinal Hume Gets Pope's Council Seat ,LONDON (NC) - Cardinal George Basil Hume of Westminster, England, has been named by Pope John Paul II to the central council of the Synod of Bishops. The English cardinal was named to fill the seat on the 15man council vacated by Cardinal Karol Wojtyla after he was elected Pope John Paul II.

order to live the arduous call to be cared for by him. To choose the life he gave we need support, understanding and tenderness from our human brothers and sisters.

F'or Children Continued from Page Twelve had said anything about sin. Many people were upset. They asked among themselves, "Why did he say that? Only God can forgive sins." Jesus was immediately aware of what they were thinking. He asked them why they were questioning his behavior. He challenged them further. "Which is easier, to say to the paralyzed man, 'Your sins are forgiven,' or to say, 'Stand up, pick up your hat and walk again'?" Jesus was telling them that the healing of illness can be brought about by the same power as the healing or forgiving of sin. Jesus was not saying that the man was paralyzed because he, had sinned, but that every kind of evil is somehow related to the power of sin in the world. Jesus then turned to the parailyzed man again and said, "Stand up! Pick up your hat and go home," . The man happily walked out· side. 'Everyone watched him with amazement. They said to one another: "We have never seen anything like this!" And they praised God for making present in their lives his healing, forgiving power. Jesus is still with us to bring healing and forgiveness. We need to trust him with the unshakable faith of the friends of the paralyzed man.


PSC Sheds Light On Utility Fight MADISON, Wis.' (NC) Twelve Catholic parishes in the Madison area have won an at· tempt to have their utility bills based upon a more favorable "time-of-day" rate rather than on a "demand-charge" schedule. ,But the churches lost their bid to shed their "commercialindustrial" classification, a bid which, had it succeeded, would have resulted in a further drop in their utility bills. Msgr. Edward Bier, a parish pastor from Monona, led the effort before the Wisconsin Public Service Commission. A canon lawyer, Msgr. Bier used his church court skills to research and prepare the legal documents used in the case. Msgr. Bier argued that the bulk of energy consumed in churches is used during "offpeak" hours - between 9 p.m. Friday and 10 a.m. Mondays when the demand for electricity is low. The parishes also disputed their classification as commercial-industrial users. "The function of religion is service to people; it does not involve buying and selling of any commodity," said Msgr.Bier. The commission agreed to let commercial-industrial users choose the time-of-day rate schedule, but refused to ask that churches be dropped from that category. Msgr. Bier said the experience had other benefits than the expected drop in church electric bills. "It was a very good lesson in the function of a democratic government and the rights of citizens," he said.


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A-I Approved for Children and Adults The Cat from Outer Space Hot Lead and Cold Feet Children of Theatre Street The Magic of Lassie Candleshoe Pete's Dragon Dersu Uzala Return from Witch For the Love of Benji Mountain

Sasquatch The Sea Gypsies Summerdog Three Warriors

A-2 Approved for Adults' and Adolescents The American Friend The Bad News Bears Go To Japan The Black Pearl Capricorn One The Chess Players Close Encounters of the Third Kind Crossed Swords Fantastic Animation Fest· ivai Gray Lady Down

Heaven Can Wait A Hero Ain't Nothing But a Sandwich International Velvet Julia Kingdom of the Spiders The Lincoln Conspiracy Lord of the Rings Matilda Message from Space The Mouse and His Child Movie, Movie

Operation Thunderbolt Roseland Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger Slow Dancing in the' Big City The Swarm Viva Knievel Volcano Warlords of Atlantis The Wiz You Light· Up My Life

A-3 Approved for Adults Only .~

All The President's Men American Hot Wax The Amsterdam Kill Another Man, Another Chance Bad News Bears in Break· ing Training The Big Fix The Battle of Chile Beyond and Back Bobby Deerfield Born Again The Boys from Brazil The Brink's JDb The Buddy Holly Story Burnt Offerings By the Blood of Others Caravans Casey's Shadow The Cheap Detective Checkered Flag or Crash Coma Comes A Horseman Coup de Grace Damnation Alley Days of Heaven Death On The Nile A Dream of Passion The Driver The Duellists F.I.S.T.

FM Foul Play Goin' South Go Tell The Spartans Gray Eagle House Calls [f Ever I See You Again Iphigenia [ Wanna Hold Your Hand Jaws II Jennifer LaGrande Bourgeoise The Last Waltz ~et's Talk About Men Lifeguard A Little Night Music Logan's Run Madame Rosa March or Die The Medusa Touch Mr. Klein New York, New York The Norseman Obsession Oh, God! The One and Only Opening Night The Other Side of the Mountain, Part II Our Winning Season The Outfit

Paradise Alley Piece of Action Revenge of the Pink Panther Rocky Renaldo Clara Roseland Sandakan 8 Scott Joplin Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band Seven·Per·Cent Solution The Shootist Shout At The Devil Sidewinder Somebody Killed Her Husband Spy Who Loved Me Starship Invasions Stroszek Sweet Revenge Telefon Tentacles Thank God It's Friday The Turning Point Watership Down Who Is Killing the Great Chefs of Eumpe? Who'll Stop The Rain A Woman's Decision

B - Obiectionable in Part for Everyone


Almost Summer Avalanche The Best Way The Big Sleep Big Wednesday Bloodbrothers The Boys in Company C Coming Home Convoy Corvette Summer Damien.Qmen I I . Final Chapter· Walking Tall Girlfriends The Goodbye Girl Grease Halloween Hooper

One Sings, the Other It Lives Again Doesn't Journey into the Beyond Ruby King of the Gypsies The Last Days of Man on Same Time, Next Year Scalpel Earth The Silver Bears Let Joy Reign Supreme Skateboard MadD Stingray The Manitou Man Who Loved Women Straight Time Suspiria Marathon Man Think Dirty Magic Thunder and Lightning Mean Frank, Crazy Tony Two Minute Warning Network A Wedding A Night Full of Rain The Wild Geese Nunzio Voyage to Grand Tartarie One.Qn.Qne Which Way Is Up Once in Paris Youngblood


focus on youth • • •

By Cecilia Belanger

"There are more gods than men in Athens." Thus ran an ancient proverb, Are things different today? People look for one god after another, tiring of the old, looking for the new. When Paul spoke before the .lhilosophers of Athens, on every land he saw images of gods and heroes, a varitable wilderness of gods. And all over was the breath of moral decay. 'Look around you. What do you see today? When Paul spoke, the people 'xpected him to set forth new 'ods to them, but they were disppointed when he told them lbout Jesus rising from the dead. )erisive laughter ran through heir ranks and they listened no nore. As we would say, "They ~racked up at the idea." There is derisive laughter to~ay. Young people are afraid to 'vitness to their religion, to say hey have put their lives in the .ands of Christ. Their parents '.re likewise afraid. "I have to be careful never to

, Bishop Stang Bishop Stang High, North Dartmouth, recently held a parents' night, followed by a priests' luncheon. At the latter event, attended by priests with Stang students in their parishes, George Milot, principale, explained school goals and the religious formation given students. Recently chose'1 were members of the boys' and girls' basketball teams and the winter sports cheerleaders. A financial aid meeting for seniors and the:r parents was held last night. Various forms of college aid were explained. Preparations are complete for the annual Christmas concert, to be held tomorrow, Saturday and Sunday.

mention my religion where I work," said a parent to me. I can understand not trying to convert people not making a nuisance of oneself, but to be fearful of saying one is a Chris- . tian is to take us back to ancient Rome and the persecutions. One needn't be a fanatic; one can be quiet and positive about one's faith, should there be a need, and not be afraid or ashamed to speak up. I thought Peter had taught us all that denial is the worst kind of cowardice! "There's a lot of humiliation attached to being a Christian" was said to me recently. Sure there is, and that's what makes you a Christian, that you can accept humiliation and not cop out because of it. The cross has always been an element of offense and social· stigma because it brings us into

Bishop Gerrard Christian Living Community members and other students at Bishop Gerrard High School, Fall River, are preparing a Christmas program for nursing homes. The three-day undertaking will include caroling and distribution of holiday favors. Participants say it highlights the Advent season for them. Gerrard parents recently met with their daughters' advisors to review academic progress. The school chorus will offer a Christmas concern at 4 p.m. Sunday at St. Anne's Church, Fall River. Mrs. Margaret Cardoza will direct and Mrs.Pauline Dufour will be accompanist. A special feature will be a presentation on the life of Christ, combining art and music. Art and French students traveled to Boston to attend an ethnic Whole World Celebration featuring food, games, culture and customs of various lands.

association with what the world refers to .as "undesirables," people loved by God but not by public taste. In a society doting on Madison Avenue glamor, those pOlitically, socially, legally or culturally outside the pale are often a source of embarrassment for many "terrific Catholics." Such "impeccable" people shied ·away from the nasty issue of the slave trade, had little sympathy for the radical American colonists, disposed of Gandhi as an ungracious troublemaker • and deep in their hearts felt the civil rights movement was an annoying disruption of national unity and peace.

Bishop Feehan Bishop Daniel Cronin will officiate at the annual Feehan Christmas liturgy in the school auditorium at 10 a.m. Tuesday. Rev. George Bellenoit, chaplain, and priests of Attleboro area parishes will concelebrate with the bishop and music will be directed by Sister Mary Evangela. Parents and friends are invited. At 8 p.m. Sunday the annual Christmas program will be presented in the auditorium. "Christmas in Music and Drama" is its theme, involving the band, color guard, majorettes, choral group and drama club. The Ski Club plans a day trip to Waterville Valley on Saturday. In the offing for January is a weekend trip. The Math Club won first place in a recent math meet. High scorers were seniors Thomas Diaz and Richard DeBlois and freshman James Pratt. On Wednesday, Dec. 20, members of the Navy Band will entertain the students at a school assembly and the annual Christmas assembly, sponsored by the student council, will be held on Thursday afternoon, Dec. 21.

A-4 Separate Classification (A Separate Classification is given to certain films which while not morally offensive, require some analysis and explanation as a protection against wrong interpretations and false conclusions.) Go Tell The Spartans Interiors High Anxiety The Lacemaker

The Last Tycoon My Father, My Master Outrageous! Saturday Night Fever

Blue Collar Blue Country The Chicken Chronicles The Choirboys Chosen A Different Story Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands Equus The End Eyes of Laura Mars Fingers First Lov,

The First Nudie Musical The First Time The Fury The Gauntlet The Greek Tycoon The Hills Have Eyes In the Realm of the Senses Joseph Andrews Kentucky Fried Movie Looking for Mr. Goodbar Midnight Express National Lampoon's Animal House 1900

The Serpent's Egg Short Eyes A Special Day Summer Paradise

C - Condemned Pretty Baby Rabbit Test Rabid Rolling Thunder Salo Satan's Brew Semi·Tough The Sensual Man That Obscure Object of Desire Up in Smoke Valentino Women in Cellblock 7

(This li~ting will be presented once a month. Please clip and save for refe·rence. Further information about recent films is available . from The Anchor office, telephone 675-7151.)

WASHINGTON YOUNG PEOPLE, members of the Community for Creative Nonviolence, find spirit of Christmas as they serve meals to homeless in an overnight shelter they have established in the National Visitor Center. Volunteers hope to contJnue dormitory and soup kitchen "until the District of Columbia can provide adequate free shelter for all Washington's street people." (NC Photo)

THE ANCHOKThurs., Dec. 14, 1978



Virginia Ruling RICHMOND, Va. - The U.S. Court of Appeals has ordered Virginia to pay for abortions for welfare women if their health is endangered by pregnancy. The ruling reversed a U.S. District Court decision which allowed to stand the state's· policy of paying for Medicaid abortions only if the mother's life was in danger.



Nazareth Hall Swimmers Win 29 Medals Seventeen students from Nazareth Hall won 16 gold medals, 12 silver medals and one bronze medal in the Massachusetts Special Olympics state swim meet at Keefe Vocational School, Framingham. Deborah Caisse, Linda Carreiro and Madeline Duhon each won two gold medals. Deborah and Linda finished first in 25meter free style and the 25-meter backstroke events. Madeline was first in the 25-meter free-style and the 50-meter free style. Christine Jupin and Tom Beane won gold medals in the 25meter freestyle and silver medals in the 50-meter freestyle. Pamela Deda and Brian Blanchette were gold medal winners in the 25-meter backstroke. Three gold medal winners in the 50-meter free style, Carmel Rosa, Gerry Froment and Danny Renahan won silver medals. Carmel in the 25-meter back-

stroke, Gerry and Danny in the 25-meter freestyle. Mary Garro was first in the 25-meter backstroke and second in the 50meter freestyle. Marie Chaberek was a gold medalist in the 25-meter freestyle as was Beth Ainsworth. Theresa Ravenalle won silver medals in both 25-meter events, Silver medals went to Tim Paul in the 50-meter backstroke and to Denise Demers in the 25meter freestyle. Jenifer Demers wop a bronze medal in the 25meter freestyle. Special Olympics provides for competitors at all levels of ability by assigning them to competition divisions based on age and actual performance. The Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. Foundation is the organizer and sponsor of the Special Olympics nationally. The national games will be held in Brockport, N.Y., ~ext August.

Durfee Field House To Be Dedicated To Urban The field house at the new Durfee High School will be dedicated tomorrow night to Luke Urban at ceremonies between the junior varsity and the varsity basketball games in which coach Tom Karam's Hilltoppers will entertain Rogers High, of Newport, in a non-league game. Co-incidentally with the dedication, Urban will be inducted as a charter member of the Durfee High Hall of Fame. The other charter member is Malcolm (Mac) Aldrich to whom the football field at the new school will be formally dedicated next fall at which time Aldrich will also be inducted.

Durfee opened its season at home to Brockton last Tuesday night in non-league action and will open its Division One Southeastern Mass. schedule at home to Fairhaven next Tuesday night. Bishop Connolly High is at Holy Family tonight in a non-league game and will be at Attleboro Tuesday night in another Division One opener. Holy Family's next game will be against an Alumni team in the Kennedy Youth Center, New Bedford, on Dec. 22. Other conference games Tuesday have New Bedford at Taunton, Dartmouth at Barnstable.

Hockomock League Underway Indoor track is the first Hockomock winter sport to open its season. There is a full schedule of dual meets on tap for today with Canton at Stoughton, Mansfield at Sharon, King Philip at Franklin, North Attleboro at Foxboro. The boys' and girls' basket-

ball seasons open next Tuesday. The boys' schedule has North Attleboro at Sharon, Franklin at Foxboro, Canton at Mansfield and King Philip at Oliver Ames. The schedule is the same for the girls except that the away school in boys' games will be the home school for the girls.

South Widens Lead in Fall River squeezed by Somerset-Freetown last Sunday night and widened its lead in the 'Bristol County Catholic Hockey League to seven points over runnerup New Bedford which tied with Taunton. Rochester and Fall River North also tied. Aside from defending champion South, the only team to gain in the standings was Taunton. Its tie game cpmbined with SomersetFreetown's loss enabled Taunton to gain a third-place tie with Somers~t-Freetown.

Sunday night's schedule has New Bedford vs. North at nine o'clock, Rochester vs. Somerset-



Freetown at 10, and Taunton vs. South at 11. No games are scheduled for Dec. 24 and Dec. 31. Play will resume on Jan. 7, ail at the Driscoll Rink, Fall River.

Irreversible VATICAN CITY - The commitment of the Catholic Church to the ecumenical movement, "as it .has been solemly expressed in the Second Vatican Council, is irreversible," Pope John Paul II has told representatives of 'other Christian churches and organizations.


Cornwell Memorial Chapel Dignified Funeral Service WAREHAM 295-1810

JOHN SHEA and Madeline Stowe are Joseph and Mary in "The Nativity," a new movie about the first Christmas, to be seen Sunday night on ABC. (NC Photo)

OUR LADY'S RELIGIOUS STORE 936 So. Main St., Fall River (Comer Osborn St.)

• tv, movie news Symbols following film reviews indicate both general and Catholic Film Office ratings, which do not always coincide. General ratings: G-suitable for general viewing; PG-parental guidance suggested; R-restricted, unsuitable for children or younger teens. Catholic ratings: Al-approved for children and adults; A2-approved for adults and adolescents; A3--approved for adults only; B-objectionable in part for everyone; A4-separate classification (given to films not morally offensive which, however, require some analysis and explanation!; C--condemned.

New Films "The Brink's Job" (Universal) relates how a bunch of smalltime Boston criminals pull off one of the most spectacular robberies in history. Laced with wry humor, this film gives a fascinating picture of the underside of society. Peter Falk, Peter Boyle and Allen Goorwitz head the cast. Though there is little violence and the language is fairly restrained, this is for adults due to moral ambiguity of its romanticized view of crime. PG, A3 "King of the Gypsies" (paramount) recounts the misadventures of a young Gypsy (Eric Roberts) who, despite his efforts to escape from Gypsy life, is chosen by his grandfather (Sterling Hay~en) to succeed him as Gypsy King. The lurid melodrama of many scenes, rough language. and brutal violence are offensivei as well as presenting a negative image ·of Gypsy life. R, B "Same Time, Next Year" (Universal). In this screen version of a Broadway comedy, George (Alan Aida), an insecure accountant, meets Doris (Ellen Bursyn), an Irish Catholic housewife, at a California motel. They fall in love and agree to meet yearly. Although on an adult fantasy level, the film's condoning of adultery is intrinsically objectionable. PG, B

On Television ''Who Are the DeBolts and Where Did They Get 19 Kids?" is the Christmas TV special not to miss, airing Sunday, Dec. 17, 7-8 p.m. on ABC and depicting the family life of Dorothy and Robert DeBolt, 13 of whose 19 children are adopted. Most are handicapped and they are of varied races. The DeBolts feel no child is "unadoptable" and viewers too will be convinced. "Simple Gifts: Six Episodes for Christmas," Sunday, Dee. 17, 8-9 p.m., (PBS) looks at the va· ried ways writers and artists have viewed Christmas, including Teddy Roosevelt, Moss Hart and an English officer of World War I who describes an unprecedented Christmas tree. Sunday, bee. 17, 9-11 P.M. (ABC) "The Nativity." This dramatization places the Gospel account in the context of the tensions and persecutions that preceded the coming of the Messiah. Thursday, Dee. 21, 8-10 P.M. (PBS) "Christmas Heritage." six writers and historians share their insights into the variety of ways Christmas is celebrated by Americans. Sunday, Dec. 24, 1-2 P.M. "The World of Jesus Christ" (ABC): The story of Christ through scripture, paintings, contemporary writings and views of Christian worship around the world.

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Sunday, Dec. 24, 11:30 P.M. 1:45 A.M., "Christmas 1978" (NBC): Pope John Paul II's celebration of the Mass of the Nativity with music by the Sistine Choir. Monday, Dec. 25, 11 A.M. Noon, "A Polish Christmas Eve Liturgy" (ABC): The unique Christmas Eve liturgy of St. Florian's parish, Detroit, taped for rebroadcast and including traditional Polish carols.




THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thur., Dec. 14, 1978

â&#x20AC;˘ steering points


LA SALETI'E SHRINE, A'ITLEBORO With no admission fee and free parking, the annual Christmas Illuminations are on display nightly. The 1978 theme for the largest such exhibit in New England is "The heavens declare the glory of God" (Ps. 19).

ST. JOHN OF GOD, SOMERSET A family penance service will be held at 7 p.m. Sunday. . Altar boys and parish priests will deliver Christmas gifts to elderly and shut-in parishioners following 7 p.m. Mass Thursday, Dec. 21.

OUR LADY OF ANGELS, FALL RIVER Members of the Holy Name Society will meet following 8 a.m. Mass on Sunday in order to elect officers. Sunday, Dec. 31 will be observed as Family Day, the feast of the Holy Family. All parish families are asked to attend Mass and receive Holy Communion together. Altar boys will meet at 1 p.m. Saturday, Dec. 23.

ST. MARY, SEEKONK . An appreciation dinner will be held Friday evening, Jan. 19 in the church hall.

ST. MARY'S CATHEDRAL, FALL RIVER Music for the 10 a.m. Mass on Sunday will feature the Gregorian chant selection. "Creator Alma Siderum"; Rejoice in the Lord Always," Purcell; and "Exultate Justi," Viadana.

SACRED HEART, FALL RIVER A children's Christmas party will be held from 1 to 4 p.m. Saturday in the school cafeteria. A movie will be shown and all parents, parish children and their friends are invited. Donations of pastry for the refreshment period will be welcomed. A Marriage Encounter "rOQkie night" will be held' at' 8' p.~. Saturday, also in the cafeteria. Members of the Guild for the Deaf will hold a Christmas party at noon Sunday in the cafeteria.

SSe PETER AND PAUL, FALL RIVER Dec. 21 is the deadline for donations for Christmas altar flowers. Memorials will be listed in the parish bulletin, Dec. 23 and 24. CYO Senior and Junior Divisions will hold a joint Christmas party, Dec. 27 at 7:30 p.m. in Father Coady Center. Anyone interested in a bus trip to La Salette Thursday, Dec. 28 to see the Christmas lights and visit the shrine is asked to call Margaret O'Neil (676-8084).

NEW JERUSALEM COMMUNITY, FAIRHAVEN The New Jerusalem Prayer Community will sponsor a charismatic Mass at 7 p.m. tomorrow at Sacred Hearts Academy, Fairhaven. A prayer meeting will follow.

ST. STANISLAUS, FALL RIVER Christian Living Class students will visit La Salette Shrine today. Youth Mini~J'Y members will go to the shrine tomorrow, leaving from the school at 6:30 p.m.

Communication Continued from Page One Crowley added. "I see the bishops' approval of the collection as basically a response to the people's request that we use the media creatively and constructively, and their generosity can be counted upon." The first collection will be taken ,up next spring and Bishop Crowley has estimated that it coul4 raise $7 million. Half of that will remain in individual dioceses, and half will be used at the national level for radio and television work and other projects. Use of the national share of the U.S. collection will be determined ~ter wide consultation with experts in the church and in the g.eneral media.


The vote on Communion under both kinds will allow bishops to

immediately implement the option in their dioceses, if they wish to. Celebrants at each Mass will decide whether the size of the congregation and the number of extraordinary ministers of the Eucharist makes use of the option feasible. Then each communicant will have a personal choice of whether to receive Communion by bread and wine, or just by bread. In debate, opponents of the change argued that it would lead to confusion, health problems, irreverance for the Eucharist, and increased time and expense at Mass without spiritual benefits. Other bishops emphasized the optional nature- of the change, however, and said it should be permitted for those who have the right circumstances to implement the option properly.

UN Action Asked On Intolerance UNI11ED NATIONS (NC) Some Western and Third World countries are attempting to have the United Nations General Assembly approve a declaration against religious intolerance. The Vatican supports a measure which would instruct the U;N. Commission on Human Rights to -give "high priority" to drafting a proposed declaration. Key sponsors of the resolution are the United States, several Western European nations and Third World countries from Africa and South America. Archbishop Giovanni Cheli, head of the Vatican mission to the U.N., said rel;gious discrim-

ination and intolerance have been under U.N. review for about 30 years with no concrete declaration resulting. The Vatican diplomat asked the U.N. "to give at last to the world a clear and honest declara.tion about the eliminiation of every form of intolerance based on religion and belief."

portant ingredient" of U.S. life. However, some Third World reservations were voiced that religious freedom in ex-colonial countries should not mean free. dom to evangelize at the expense of local cultures and values. African delegations complained that colonialism has been justified as a civilizing mission. In Africa, this has sometimes involved making converts change their names and clothing habits because local customs were considered uncivilized or sinful.

The proposed declaration should be "part of the common cultural heritage of all nations," said Edward Mezvinsky, U.S. representative on the Human Rights Commission. He -said the - ~, No Judgement United States supports a U.N. "Forbear to judge, for we are declaration because religious sinners all." - William Shakefreedom "is an essential and imspeare

Twenty-Fourth Annual

Bishop's Charity Ball D 10 C ESE '0 F F ALL


For The Benefit Of The Exceptional And Underprivileged 'Children Of Every Race, Color And Creed


F'RIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 12, 1979 LINCOLN PARK BALLROOM Dance Music ,By MAN NY 51 LVIA'S TOP HATTERS /.n Cocktail Lounge 8 P'.M. to 1 A.M. AND



This Message Sponsored by the Following Business Concerns in the Diocese of Fall River DURO FINISHING CORP. THE EXTERMINATOR CO.




VOL. 22, NO. 49 FALL RIVER,MASS.,THURSDAY,DECEMBER 14,1978 ATST.FRANCISXAVIERparish,Acushnet,CCOstudentsgiveinsteadof receive, presentingbab...

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