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t eanc 0 VOL. 21, NO. 49


Catholic Press: Who Cares? (A guest column by Msgr. R. G. Peters, editor of The Catholic Post, Peoria, m.)路 At their meeting in Washington last week, the U.S. bishops voted down a suggested new national collection for communications, mainly radio and television. Why? Partly because some of the bishops wanted to wait and see what becomes of another movement under way to combine some of the national collections to take up fewer Sundays. But the Catholic Press Association admitted - even claimed that other bishops voted against the collection because most of the nation's diocesan papers, through the CPA, objected that the collection would harm them. This wasn't just a "dog in the manger" attitude on the part of the press. The diocesan papers were not against Catholic television and radio having a collection. But they were against one that would be called a "communicationl)" collection. The name would give people the impression they were giving to their diocesan paper, when in fact the paper would gain. at most very little and probably lose a lot through the collection. Turn to .Page Seven

* * *

OMary Conceived without I


* * * Pray

for us who have recourse to thee

World Awareness Program .Held Religious education coordinators and representatives of all high schools and many parochial elementary schools in the diocese participated Tuesday and yesterday in a World Awareness program presented by Sister Maura and Sister Jean of the Maryknoll Sisters. Tuesday's program took place at St. Mary's parish center, South Dartmouth, and yesterday's at St. Mary's Seekonk. The purpose of the days, said Sister Marion Geddes, RSM dioTurn to Page Seven

Melkite Prelate Bishop in Exile ROME (NC) - "My title now is bishop of Jerusalem in exile." said Melkite-rite Archbishop Hilarion Capucci. "I will remain so as long as I live." The 55-year-old archbishop, 路released from an Israeli prison through the intervention of Pope Paul VI after serving three years for gunrunning, said his suffering for Palestine and the Palestinian people had so bound him to them that he could not Turn to Page Seven

15c, $5 Per Year

Judge to Decide Right to Die In Bay State

THINGS ARE LOOKING UP for the decorating committee of the 23rd annual Bishop's Charity Ball, making final preparations for the Jan. 13 event. Paul Ouellette; St. Jacques parish, Taunton, adjusts silver rose which will carry out theme of Bishop's silver jubilee, as Mrs. Stanley Janick, SS. Peter and Paul, Fall River, committee co-chairperson, watches intently.

Bishop's Ball Nears For some the post-holiday season is a period of letdown after the festivities of Christmas and the New Year. Not in the Fall River diocese, where for 23 years the Bishop's Charity Ball has been a bright spot in the midwinter doldrums. This year's Ball promises especial sparkle, dedicated as it is to the 25th anniversary of Bishop Cronin's priestly ordination. The jubilee theme will be carried out on the evening of Jan. 13 in silver decorations throughout the vast Lincoln Park Ballroom in North Dartmouth. Heading the committee responsible for the arrangements are Mrs. Stanley Janick, SS. Peter and Paul parish, and Robert Coggeshall, St. Mary's Cathedral, both Fall River. They note that over 3,500 yards of material will be used in the decorations, which will be put in place at 1 p.m. Sunday, Jan. 8 when 150 members will gather at the ballroom for the annual task. The Charity -Ball benefits three Nazareth Hall schools for exceptional children. A highlight of the evening is the presentation of路 young women from all parts of the diocese to Bishop Cronin. For the first time this year two young women from the Nazareth schools will be among presentees. A souvenir Ball program will have categories for memorials,

very special friends, guarantors, benefactors, boosters, sponsors and patrons. Those wishing to be included may contact committee members of the ball headquarters, P.O. Box 1470, Fall River, 02722, telephone 6768943. To be heard on Jan. 13 for the fifth time over the years will be the Meyer Davis Orchestra, which has already been engaged for return performances in 1981, 1984 and 1987. Co-sponsoring the annual event are the Diocesan Council of Catholic Women and the Society of St. Vincent de Paul. Tickets路 are available from members of either organization and at all diocesan rectories.

South Africa ys. Rest of-World? TORONTO (NC) - The entire white community in South Africa will mobilize itself behind a "fortress" against black South Africans arid the rest of the world, predicts Archbishop Denis Hurley of Durban, South Africa. Discussing. the overwhelming victory of the ruling white supremacist Nationalist Party in Nov. 30 elections, he said, "The result will see the government obtain dictatorial powers worse even than what it has now." Turn to Page Seven

BOSTON (NC) - Judges, not doctors or family members, should make the life and death decisions for incurably ill patients who cannot speak for themselves, the Massachusetts Supreme Court said last week. In an opinion directly opposed to a New Jersey Supreme Court decision in the case of Karen Ann Quinlan, the Massachusetts court unanimously ruled that socalled "right-to-die" decisions must be made by the state's court. "Such questions of life and death seem to us to require the process of detached but passionate investigation and decision that forms the ideal on which the judicial branch of government was created," the court said. The responsibility belongs to the courts, the justices said. "and is not to be entrusted to any other group purporting to represent the morality and consTurn to Page Seven

Marian Medals The annual Marian Medal Ceremony will take place at 3 p.m. Sunday at St. Mary's Cathedral, Fall River. A.t this time the contributions to the work of the Church of lay persons throughout the diocese are recognized. All are invited to attend. Medal Recipients Fall River Area: Miss Irene Almeida, Miss Theresa Archard, Joseph P. Banalewicz, Mrs. Raymond Boulanger, Mrs. Normand Boyer. Mrs. Alfred Campos, Rodolphe Cantin, Mrs. John Conforti, Rene C. Domingue, Arthur J. Donovan, Marie Anne Drapeau. Miss Lydia Gonsalves, Mrs. Alban Guertin, Lomer Lapointe, Raymond Lavoie, Gilbert Lowney, Alphonse Mailloux, Mrs. Leo Martin. Mrs. Manuel Nogueira, Daniel Pingley, Mrs. Francis Quinn, Francis Reilly, Wilfrid St. Michel, Mrs. Nicholas Tyrrell. Attleboro Area: Mrs. Raymond Aussant, Armand Boucher, Richard Charette, Mrs. Louis Edmond, Jr., Federico Garcia, Ralph Gilmore,' Mrs. Richard Lareau. . Joseph Macedo, George MerTurn to Page Seven










THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 8, 1977

ill People路 Places路Events-NC News Briefs ill Hurry, Hurry!

Perfect Records

Greater Chance

WASHINGTON - The U.S. Catholic Conference (USCC) has urged Catholic schools and health care facilities to move fluickly in submitting applications if Congress approves and President Carter signs a law providing government funds for energy conservation in nonprofit schools and hospitals.

WASHINGTON - Five senators and 36 representatives had perfect voting records on hunger-related issues in the first half of the 95th Congress, according to a voting record compiled by Bread for the World, an ecumenical lobby concerned about world hunger.

MIAMI BEACH, Fla. - Women who use oral contraceptives stand a far greater chance of heart disease than women who do not use the pill, according to Dr. James Dolan of the University of Massachusetts.

Prayer Vigil

SANTIAGO, Chile - The Santiago archdiocese has protested directly to Gen. Augusto Pinochet over a police raid on the St. Francis Xavier Retreat House. Pinochet is head of Chile's military junta.

They Should Increase MIAMI Archbishop Edward McCarthy of Miami said welfare reform makes sense only if benefits are at the poverty level and increase with the cost of living. He testified at a regional hearing conducted by the House Select Committe on Aging which is chaired by Rep. Claude Pepper (D-Fla.).



PITTSBURGH Three Pittsburgh physicians have accused the National Center for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta of showing a pro-abortion bias by publicizing the case pf a Texas woman who died as the result of a botched Mexican abortion after reportedly being denied one under Medicaid. The three - Dr. Richard McGarvey, Dr. Richard McKenna and Dr. John McCarthy - said deaths from legal abortions are occurring but are not receiving national attention.

Wants Sales Stopped LONDON - The Justice and Peace Commission of the English and Welsh Bishops' Conference has asked the British government to stop the sale of second-hand army equipment to EI Salvador because of reported government violence' there against peasants, trade unionists and Catholic clergy and catechists.

Media Controlled NAMUR, Belgium - 'Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos "has assumed ownership of most of the mass media in the Philippines - and complete control of the rest of it," charged Bishop Jesus Varela of Ozamis, the Philippines, at a recent international meeting of Catholic broadcasters in Belgium.

Stevens Mediators WASHINGTON - In their second attempt in six months to mediate the dispute between the J. P. Stevens Company and the textile workers' union, seven Southeastern bishops have offered to meet with both sides separately. The union immediately accepted the offer, while a Stevens spokesman said the company is giving it "very careful consideration."

WHITLEY CITY, Ky. - More than 100 p<lrsons participated in an interfaith prayer vigil Nov. 25 and 26, in response to the 16-month labor dispute at the Justus Coal Mine in Stearns, Ky. The vigil, held in Williamburg and Whitley City, was sponsored by the Commission on Religion in Appalachia (CORA), a Knoxville, Tenn., group made up of a number of religious denominations in the region, including the Catholic Committee of Appalachia.

Wants Stronger


SAN JOSE, Costa Rica - After reviewing the "dramatic violation of workers' rights under repressive systems" in Latin America, leaders of the Confederation of Latin American Workers (CLAT) asked Pope Paul VI and the United Nations to take a stronger stand in defense of human rights.

Marc,os Accuses Clergy MANILA, Philippines - The martial law regime of President Ferdinand E. Marcos claims it has discovered links between the Catholic clergy and the outlawed Communist movement in the Philippines. It is the first direct accusation by the government of a Church link with Communism since Marcos imposed martial law five years ago.

Hope Fetus Survives BROOKLYN, N.Y. - A comatose, 26year-old mother, Rosemarie Maniscalco, 16 weeks pregnant, has been kept on life support systems for a week in Victory Memorial Hospital in Brooklyn as relatives maintained hopes that the fetus might survive. '

Golden Dome Labor Woes NOTRE DAME, Ind. - The National Labor Relations Board (NLB) is expected to decide during December whether to order union elections for 21 groundskeepers at the University of Notre Dame. Local 364 of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen and Helpers of America, which is seeking to organize the groundskeepers, has filed unfair labor practice -charges with the NLRB against the university.

IT'S ENOUGH to shake anyone's faith in good St. Nick: the sight

Police Raid Protested

Lives Despite Torture LONDON - The Catholic Church in Moldavia, the northeastern part of Rumania, "lives, though suffocated and harshly tortured," according to a 67page report that has reached the Center for the study of Religion and Communism at Keston College, Kent.

They're Tougher WASHINGTON The Department of Health, Education and Welfare has issued new and tougher regulations concerning the federal 'funding of contraceptive sterilizations. The regulations respond to most of the criticisms leveled against the current HEW regulations issued in 1974.

They Harm Unity VATICAN CITY - Pope Paul VI told the Swiss bishops that Catholics who reject the Second Vatican Council and the directives implementing its decrees or those who go beyond the council in fol路lowing their own ideas both "harm the unity and the credibility of the Church."

General Absolutions NEWARK, N.J. - Some 5,000 Catholics received general absolution in a series of pre-Christmas penance service held throughout the Newark archdiocese during the first week of Advent. Granting of general absolution became a pastoral necessity because of the crowds attending the programs, it was announced at each location by the presiding bishop. In each case, arrangements to hear individual confessions had been made but could not be carried out. Figures on the number of people who might have returned to the sacraments could not be determined, but all of those attending were assured that they in fact had been absolved of their sins if there was nothing else between them and a return to full practice of their faith.

New NCR Publisher KANSAS CITY, Mo. - The board of directors of the National Catholic Reporter Publishing Co. have named NCR 'editor Arthur Jones publisher and chief executive officer. He succeeds Donald Thorman who died Nov. 30. Jones, 41, will continue as editor of the National Catholic Reporter, an independent weekly newspaper. A U.S. citizen, British-born Jones and his Irish-American wife Margie, have three children, Chris, 14, Michael, 12 and Ian, 7. The family belongs to the Shalom House Community, the Kansas City, Kan. diocesan pacifist center.

What Else Is New? MADRID - How to fund Catholic education was the priority concern of the Spanish bishops at their meeting in November. Because much of the money for educational programs has come from government subsidies, the bishops were also concerned with the draft for a new constitution to be presented soon to the parliament. It is expected to move in the direction of Church-state disengagement.

Father Placid Jordan ILLGAU, Switzerland - Benedictine Father Placid Jordan, NC News Service correspondent for more than half a century, died Nov. 28. He was 82 years old. He was buried Dec. 1 after a funeral in the parish church of II1gau. He was formerly NBC News Correspondent Max Jordan, known for many World War II scoops.

USCC Is Blamed WASHINGTON - An Irish-American organization has labeled a recent U.S. Catholic Conference (USCC) paper on Northern Ireland an attempt to absolve the British of blame for their role in the Irish conflict. The 路Irish National Caucus, a Washington-based organization, said the paper is "marred by serious weaknesses," despite what the caucus called the authors' good intentions and overall conclusion.

Schumacher Tribute LONDON - Religious, political and cultural leaders joined in paying tribute to the late Ernst Friedrich (Fritz) Schumacher with a memorial Mass at Westminster Cathedral (Nov. 30). Schumacher, who died Sept. 4 at age 66, was author of "Small is Beautiful" and a pioneer advocate of technology on a human scale.

of 16 identical Santas marching down a New York street. (NC Photo)

THE ANCHORThurs., Dec. 8, 1977

Religious Life Theology Topic of LCWR Meeting

'Sister Eileen Mary Cunningham, SP, Sister Francis Michael Driscoll, SP and Sister Marilyn Spellman, SUSC were among 50 leaders of women's religious communities gathering last week at Mount Marie, Holyoke, for the fall meeting of the Leadership Conference of Women Religous (ICWR)..

Sister Barbara Peterson, SCN, presided and described goals to articulate a contemporary theology of religious life; to educate for justice; to promote the role of women in the Church and society; and to collaborate with other groups. The New England group is one of 15 regions in the United States representing over 100,000 women religious. Two national leaders, Sister Joan Doyle, BVM, of Dubuque, Iowa, and Sister Mary Dooley, SSJ, of Holyoke, were the main speakers, reporting. They reported on two international meetings of religious. A meeting of the International Union of Superiors General in Rome addressed the topic of canon law. A new law has been drafted by a pontifical commission and is being critiqued by the religious. The response from American sisters was well received by the Sacred Congregation of Religious in Rome. The second report was from the Third Inter-American Conference in Montreal for religious representing the United States, Canada, and Latin America. Each group shared the growth in renewal that has been experienced in the life and mission of the religious in their country. At the Holyoke meeting the religious leaders continued efforts to articulate a contemporary theology of religious life. The process used to describe their experience will be used by all the sisters in New England and throughout the United States. Plans were made for a future meeting with the New England

Leon Caravan

Bishops and religious men which will focus on collaborative pastoral planning in the Church. Plans were also made for continued study and articulation of religious life. Sister Mary Dooley, former L C W R chairperson for the New England region, was honored for her service. She is now national president-elect of the LCWR.

New officers of the Leon Caravan of the Order of the Alhambra were installed yesterday in ceremonies followed by a Christmas party. They included Normand Turf:otte, grand commander; Thomas Levesque, vice- grand commander; Kenneth Smith, grand scribe; Napoleon Menard, scribe of the exchequer. Caravan chaplains are Father Arthur C. Levesque and Father Edmond R. Levesque.

Father Hesburgh Is Ambassador WASHINGTON (NC) - Holy Cross Father Theodore Hesburgh, president of the University of Notre Dame, has been sworn in as U.S. ambassador to the 1979 United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development. He is the first U.S. priest to hold the rank of ambassador. Father Hesburgh was sworn in at the State Department by the U.S. chief of protocol, Evan Dobelle. The UN conference will study ways in which science and technology can help the developing nations. Father Hesburgh said at his Senate confirmation hearings that the conference would also deal indirectly with human rights issues. He also said, "The important thing is that each country make its own plans on the kind of development it needs. In China for example, the people are satisfied with barefoot doctors because they meet their particular needs. "We may have to have a big clinic ourselves, because that is what we are used to. But there is a whole spectrum of needs that can be met much more modestly in many parts of the world and which would be much more satisfactory to the people there."


The Order of the Alhambra provides scholarships for students preparing to enter the field of special education. ~


PAMELA DEDA and Timothy Paul show handcrafts made by students at Nazareth Vocational Center, Fall River. Students held a two-day Christmas crafts sale ·at Truesdale Clinic in Fall River.

Predicts Latin Slavery LONDON (NC) - "At present I know no possibility of liberation in Latin America this century," said Father Joseph Comblin, a Belgian theologian who has worked in Latin America since 1958. "We have to look forward to 20 years of slavery." In a talk jn London he added: "The system is so strong because of the aid received from all the civilized world, from all the industrial nations, that I cannot foresee a change this century." Father Comblin gave a pessi mistic description of "The National Security State in Latin America forum organized by the Catholic Institute for International Relations. The aim of the theology of liberation, he said, was to avert a corruption of people's mentalities, of their faith, of the Christian conception of man by the "national security" ideology which elevated national security into an absolute and therefore denied human rights to Communists - or to anyone presumed to be a Communist - because of the threat Communism was seen as presenting to this absolute value of security. Where this ideology was accepted by Christians, it formed a new kind of heresy and made dialogue within the Church impossible, he said. Father Comblin traced the ~-



roots of this ideology back to the United States just after the Second World War. It suppressed the distinction between diplomacy and armed force, between violent and non-violent action; it surpassed the notion of mere defense, he declared. Its effect, he added, was to make secret service agents "heroes" who saw themselves as the saviors of their nation.






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BRIDAL SALON NEW PRESIDENT: Father Bartley MacPhaidin, CSC, 41, has been named the eighth president and first alumnus president of Stonehill College, North Easton. The unanimous choice of the IS-member college board of trustees following a six-month search, he replaces acting president C. James Cleary, who becomes executive vice-president of Stonehill. A native of Ireland, Father MacPhaidin holds a doctorate in theology and is conversant with six languages. He is presently a professor of religious studies at Stonehill. He will assume his new duties Feb. 1.


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 8, 1977

themoorin~ Fundraising Accountability Defeat of the proposed national communication collection at the November meeting of the United States bishops was not due solelv to the objections of members of the Catholic press who felt they would not get a sufficient slice of such a pie. One of the most important factors in the defeat of this proposal was the fact that we as a Church must revaluate our national collection system. There are many people in the American Church who feel there are too many national collections with too little accountability. After the episode of the Pallottines in Maryland and the still-lingering mystery of Boys' Town finances, it would indeed seem time that the National Conference of Catholic Bishops issue fundraising guidelines, which is exactly what was done at last month's meeting. The newly approved fiscal policy was drawn up not only by the bishops but also in conjunction with the Leadership Conference of Women Religious and the Conference of Major Superiors of Man. The relationship between fundraisers and church authorities, the nature of accountability and techniques, as well as stewardship and implementation of guidelines are some of the areas discussed in this joint effort to face the realities of the time. Among notable points made that should be noted are the following: No organization should engage in fundraising efforts for undefined future needs; all who collect funds under Catholic auspices must have the approval of appropriate church authority; accountabHit'l reollires thp, fnnn_ raiser to provide timely reports on the extent to which promises expressed or implied in the solicitation of funds have been fulfilled; and exclusive authority over all aspects of fundraising should not be vested in any sin~le person. It should be made clear that the nature of religious Jundraising places the fund raisers in a special relationship of accountability. This fundamental responsibility on the part of all who collect in the name of the Catholic Church is first to God in whose name they ask, then to the Church whom they represent, to those whom they serve and to the benefactors whose partners they are in this apostolic work. We must get away from the big business attitude of Wall Street and begin to see that all who seek funds for the basic mission of the Church must recognize that giving as an expression of religion has a sacramental nature and is in itself apostolic. Perhaps if we renew this effort, the abuses of the past will be eliminated in days to come and the little person who sacrifices the "widow's mite" will not be defrauded as has too often been the case. As every person is accountable to God for his or her stewardship, those who collect monies in the name of the Church and the gospel message are accountable to the donor for the disposition of funds received, not just by token reports but by an honest statement of the significant aspects and the apostolic dimensions of the work involved.

An Unholy Union Now we know that the Catholic Church is truly having an effect on the national scene. Bill Baird, abortion rights advocate, has become so desperate in his personal war on the Church that he has joined forces with none other than Madalyn Murray O'Hair, now director of the American Atheist Center, but mainly famous for driving God out of the public schools. This dynamic duo now calls for an economic boycott against the Catholic Church. Well, when these two get together to attack you, you know you're really hurting their credibility and effectiveness. It is also a real indication of their fanatical motivation, which is basically a deepseated abhorrence of anything "Catholic." Let those who speak with forked tongues on Beacon Hill take note of this rather unholy alliance.



photom,editation Two women pray silently ... at a liturgical convention . . . They seem united in spirit . . . although they are strangers . . . Their bowed heads . . . and evident seriousness . . . suggest a sense of peaceful . urgency. The silent prayer of their hearts . . . is revealed in bodily gesture . . . as one lays her hands . . . on the shoulders of the other .. . This ancient Christian ritual . . . symbolize~ the prayer for . . . and sharing of ... the gifts of the Holy Spirit ... and of the Spirit Himself. Peter and John "laid their hands" . . . on new converts in Samaria and "they received the Holy 8,16) Paul did the same to a group Spirit" (Acts of believers in Ephesus ... "and the Holy Spirit came down on them" (Acts 19,16). Hands are ritually laid on us . . . in most of the sacraments ... as a sign of the Spirit's coming ... to touch us profoundly . . . to take hold of us . . . to open us to God's creative love . . . and to guide ~n the service of our neighbor. Like these two women . . . we may imitate the example . . . of the apostles . . . and of the sacred liturgy ... and give bodily expression ... to the heart's silent prayer: "Come, Holy Spirit . . . fill the hearts of your faithful . . . and kindle in them . . . the fire of your love."

Social Ministry By Jim Castelli WASHINGTON (NC) - "Action on behalf of justice is a significant criterion of the Church's fidelity to its mission. It is not optional, nor is it the work of only a few in the Church. It is something to which all Christians are caJled according to their vocations, talents and situations in life," That paragraph is one of the more remarkable sections in "Sharing the Light of Faith," the National Catechetical Directory approved by the American Catholic Bishops at their general meeting in November. There are many differences

between the old Baltimore Catechism and the new directory which is not itself a catechism, but a directory for publishers of religion texts - but a major difference is certainly the emphasis on social justice as an inseparable part of Catholic Church doctrine. The specifics of the social ministry chapter proving nothing new and startling to anyone familiar with recent .Church thinking on the subject; some such people even view it as flawed. The new president of the bishops' conference, archbishop John Quinn of San Francisco, notes that the entire directory



Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 410 Highland Avenue Fall River Mass. 02722 675.-7151 PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, 0.0 .â&#x20AC;˘ S.T.O.



Rev. John F. Moore. M.A.

Rev. Msgr. John J. Regan "-;:~:::'"

Leary PreSi-' FIll Rive,

"will fill the minimal demands, but not the highest expectations of anybody." But the chapter's significance lies in the fact that it exists; it is the first extensive statement by the bishops outlining the essential role of social justice in religious education. The bishops' pastoral on moral values, issued last year, contained a major section on social justice and the catechetical directory expands upon that. The bishops' staff director for the directory, Msgr. Wilfred Paradis, says the directory is "more blunt" in "demanding" that social justice be included in religious education than To Teach As' Jesus Did, an education pastoral issued by the bishops in 1972. The directory explains "social sin" by saying, "The choice of sin occurs in the human heart, and sin is expressed through personal choice and actions. But it has social consequences. Sin is expressed in some of the structures of human communities. Sinful structures are not simply imperfect human organizations; rather, they involve systematic abuse of the rights of certain groups or individuals. "An extreme example is institutionalized racial or ethnic segregation; a less striking example is the absence or inadequacy of minimum wage laws." The directory encourages "social justice ministry" as a valid form of ministry, Msgr. Paradis notes. It also encourages Catholics to participate in politics at all levels. If catechists take the social ministry chapter of the directory seriously, the long-term result could well be to improve both the quantity and quality of Catholic participation in the political process.

Placement Exam On Saturday All Catholic high schools in , the Diocese of Fall River will accept applicants and administer a Placement Examination for new students on Saturday, Dec. 10, at 8:30 a.m. Students wishing to enter any of these schools next September should report to the school of their choice. The examination and application procedure will last until 12:30 p.m, There will be a $3 fee, payable at the time of application. Students need bring no records, nor need parents accompany them. Information as to courses, activities, financial scholarship aid, etc., will be given at the time of the examination.



December II Edward L. Killigrew, 1959, Pastor, St. Kilian, New Bedford December 13 Rev. Reginald Theriault, O.P., 1972, St. Anne's Dominican Priory, Fall River December 14 Rev. Msgr. John J. Hayes, 1970, Pastor, Holy Name, New Bedford December 15 Rev. Mortimer Downing, 1942, Pastor, St. Francis Xavier, Hyannis Rev.

n f, I

THE ANCHORThurs.. Dec. 8,

Letters to the Editor

PODe Paul Meets Polish Leader

Letters are welcomed, but should be no inore than 200 words. The editor reserves me right to condense or edit, If deemed necessary. All letters must be signed and Include a home or business address.

She's for Mary Dear Editor: In reply to Kay Mack's letter (Nov. 24) I think the Blessed Mother and her Son Jesus Christ would love, applaud and approve Mary Carson and all like her on this earth. Mary Carson is the stuff saints are made of. Despite her many personal problems, she still has so much faith and love in her chart that it spills over to us all. Anyone who goes through life never questioning, never challenging, never doubting God's laws never becomes the devoted Catholic that Mary Carson is. Her steel has been tempered by. her doubts. If you never question you never grow. Even our Lord questioned his Father in the Garden of Gethsemani and Mary must have had doubts and questions as well. Perhaps, Kay, your life has been relatively free of major crises and if it has, thank God. I, like Mary Carson, have had many personal crises, but they have strengthened my faith.Yes, I doubted, yes, I challenged, yes, I rebelled, but I always came back with a deeper, truer faith than before. Mary Carson's column is an "anchor" to many who are caught up in the raging storms of day to day living. Keep up the good work, Mary. Alice Houst West Dennis

Why, Why, Why? Dear Editor: Why don't reporters ask "Why?" When the notorious abortionist from Boston City Hospital, Dr. Kenneth Edelin, says he rop~n't like to do abortions, why don't reporters ask him why? When Senator Edward Brooke, presently leading the pro-abortion push in the U.S. Senate, speaks of abortion as being abhorrent, why don't reporters ask him why? When Senator Edward Kennedy, Congressmen Robert Drinan, Michael Harrington, Gerry Studds, and Paul Tsongas, all of whom have practically perfect pro-abortion voting records, say they are "personally" opposed to abortion, why don't reporters ask them why? When Governor Michael Dukakis, who has vetoed legislation aimed at protecting the unborn, says, "I don't favor abortion. I don't think it's a good thing" why don't reporters ask him why? If reporters did this and received the truthful answer that induced abortion is the deliberate destruction of human life before birth, then they could follow up with these questions: Recognizing, then, that abortions kill tiny human beings, how can you perform them, vote for them or support them? These are the questions a

5 1977

AMONG HUNDREDS of projects funde1 nationwide by the Campaign for Human Development is a New Jersey "Senior Power" project aimed at economic issues affecting older Americans. Locally, applications for CHD grants are available at the Diocesan Department of Social Services.

CHD Grant Applications Available The Diocesan Department of Social Services and Special Apostolates has received application forms, criteria and guidelines for Campaign For Human Development (CHD) funding from the national office in Washington, D.C. For the first time, proposals for two year grants will be accepted. CHD is an action-education program sponsored by the Cath-


olic Bishops of the United States. Since its inception it has funded projects throughout the country attacking the basic causes of poverty and empowering the disadvantaged. CHD encourages submission of proposals describing programs that will aid organizations and groups in self-help efforts. Proposals are allocated on a non-denominational basis, but

must be in harmony with the teachings of the Catholic Church. Applications and proposals must be postmarked by January 31, 1978 to be considered. Application forms may be obtained locally from the Diocesan Department of Social Services and Special Apostolates, 783 Slade· Street, P.O. Box M, South Station, Fall River, 02724, telephone 674-4681.

VATICAN CITY (NC) - In a historic first meeting with Polish Communist leader Edward Gierek, Pope Paul VI said that the Polish Church "does not ask privileges" but does ask "the right to be herself . without obstacles." Pope Paul's conversation with Communist party secretary Gierek lasted 80 minutes - a long time for talks with a statesman. Gierek is the first Polish Communist leader to be received by a pope. In a press conference after seeing the Pope, Gierek said that he was "well satisfied" with the visit and that he attributed "great importance" to it. He praised Pope Paul for his efforts to win lasting peace. But he also endorsed "the new proposals of the Soviet Union" for disarmament in his speech before the Pope. "The right to live in conditions of peace," said the Polish statesman, "is the most fundamental right of each man."

Benedictines Oblates of St. Benedict will hold a chapter meeting at Portsmouth Abbey, Portsmouth, R.I. on Saturday, beginning at 2:30 p.m. with Mass and continuing with a conference, vespers and dinner. Reservations may be made at the abbey or with Mrs. Frank S. Moriarty, telephone 672-1439.

Abuse Found Among All Groups

SCOTTSDALE (NC) - Child abuse and neglect "is found amom~ 1111 sod..' - pf'OT1",."i,. groups, cultures and educational backgrounds," Dr. Pearl Tang told delgates to the Western regional convention of the Catholic Press Association in Scottsdale. Dr. Tang, a member of the Maricpe (Ariz) County Department of Health Services, told a banquet session that children exposed to violence in early years "tend to behave in similar fashion with their offspring." "We know the adult responsible for abuse may be male or female and tends to fit certain

Father Pat Concert Father Andre Patenaude, MS, composer and folksinger widely known as "Father Pat," will appear in concert at 2 and 7 p.m. Sunday, Dec. 18 at Mattacheese Middle School, Higgins Crowel Road, West Yarmouth. His program, titled "Cradle Hymn," will feature Christmas compositions. Ticket donations will benefit his community, the La Salette Fathers, and telephone reservations may be made at 775-5073. good reporter would ask public personnages "personally" opposed to abortion. These are the questions individual citizens can ask these same persons when visiting, calling, or writing them. Richard A. Carey Executive Director Mass. Citizens for Life

characteristics," Dr. Tang said. ·"We know that family instability, health problems, handicaps, e!1vironmental stress are contributions factors. "Local resources developed to prevent abuse and assist families include the establishment of a registry, group counseling, Parents Anonymous, home emergency help hotline, and crisis day nurseries. "A broader range of community effort can include the encouragement of programs of health education and family life education in schools. "The media, too, can play a role in disseminating information on the problem of abuse, neglect; encourage support of community resources to help children and families; participate in immunity education on health and parenting."

CLC Will Expand Include Adults New England Christian Life Communities (CLC) until now an organization for high school and collge students and young adults, will expand into the general adult community. The first of three formation programs explaining the policy change was held last month at Bishop Connolly High School, Fall River, under direction of three representatives of the national CLC office. The second program will be held at Providence College at a date to be announced.


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of fall River-Thurs., Dec. 8, 1977

Most Synod Staffs Were III-Prepared, He Complains such as wars, defense policies, neutron bombs, behavioral conREV. trol through surgery, drugs, genetic engineering, and certain ANDREW M. . forms of population control, should be the concern of one GREELEY who professes Jesus as Lord." Leaving aside the bad gramHaving offered sincere mar in. this cafeteria sentence and the equation of "defense compliments last week, I policies" with "genetic enginmust nevertheless insist that eering," one still must ask what the bishops as usual were it means, if anything at all. badly served by their staff. The The 'Italian newspapers took most horrendous blunder had to it to be condemnation of the do with the neutron bomb. In neutron bomb and headlined an intervention oil "Catechesis that the American hierarchy had and Respect for Human Life," condemned the neutron bomb after a discussion on abortion precisely when Defense Secreand euthanasia, there was a tary Harold Brown was trying catch-all sentence, "Anything to persuade the NATO defense which endangers human life, ministers of the wisdom of

stockpiling it. The American embassy, as you can imagine, was highly incensed. In response to questions at a press conference, the bishops said that their intention was not to denounce the neutron bomb but simply to say that it should cause "concern." Doubtless that was what the sentence said; unfortunately, anyone with any sense of how the press !eacts to such a statement could have predicted the flap it would create. I propose to make no case for or against the neutron bomb, but I would suggest that if the hierarchy is going to deal with it, it do so explicitly and not in an ungrammatical, throwaway sentence.

Another position paper was "Catechesis for Racial, Cultural, and Ethnic Groups." What ethnic groups merited concern in this paper? Knowing the ideological proclivities of the United States Catholic Conference staff, one could well imagine what they were: "Puerto Ricans, Mexican Americans, Cubans, . . . native Americans, Afro-Americans, and others." Among the others, not worthy of mention, one might think of the Irish, the Itaiians, the Germans, the Poles, the Slovaks, the Lithuanians. There was a lot of "happy talk" at the synod about the use of the social sciences; yet, neither the Americans nor anyone else seemed prepared to take the social sciences serious-

Iy. Unfortunately the st~ff of the American delegation did not safeguard the delegates from making several serious mistakes in their comments. It is not true, as Bishop Lucher said, that "over the past several years scientific surveys have indicated that the home and the parents exercise the strongest influence on religious values." The most recent evidence is that the spouse exercises the strongest influence on religious values and behavior. Nor did the staff provide the delegates with the response to the African insistence on "communautes debas" - small group communities, if you will. The Africans acted as if it were a discovery of their own.

C;hristmas Is A G,ood Time To Examiine Our Motives By MARY CARSON

Each year we're reminded to keep Christ in Christmas but I believe that must be much deeper than simply sending religious cards, prominently displaying the creche, or attending Mass together. While these things can be good, they can also be abused. If they are done to impress your local priests, or to cram your


What will he do for an encore? After watching Anwar Sadat's electrifying appearance on Telestar at the Knesset, I wonder what could possibly match his superb performance as peacemaker extraordinary. The day before, he had landed at an Israeli airport and embraced Moshe Dayan and Golda Meir, a spectacle almost incredible in itself, but the next

"spirituality" down your heathen neighbors' throats it could be a worse form of commercialism than rock carols played in a five-and-ten on an out-of-tune organ draped with tarnished tinsel. A jack-in-the-box given in love can be more Christian than a prayer book given out of a sense of duty. Family. dinner in warmth and harmony can be greater keeping of Christ in Christmas than attending Mass under protest, with hearts full of resentment. Visiting Santa out of love for your little ones can be as spiritual as visiting the crib at church.

I believe a great deal of the anxiety people suffer around Christmas time is because they lose sight of how love .should enter into Christmas. Too much is done from obligation rather than desire. We have to send cards to the Smyths and Harringtons . . . they sent to us last year." "I have to get a 'present for Aunt Tilly because she always sends things to the chilren." "I'll have to get more toys for the children because the neighbors have gotten so much for theirs:' We underestimate other's love when we presume that they must be "repaid." If they send a card, we must send a card. Why

is it impossible for us to believe that Aunt Tilly sends the children gifts simply because she loves to . . . not because she's looking for something in return? Is it possible we get into this trap because deep down we really do things at Christmas because of what we'll get back? Is some of our disappointment because we feel that we aren't appreciated . . . we do so much for our children and they don't even care? If these thoughts get to us, we're not acting in love. When Christ was born, He came to us in pure love, not weighted by what He'd get back from us. Had He estimated what

His "return" would be, He must have had the most disappointing Christmas on record. Too often we use "commercialism" as the scapegoat that causes all the grief at Christmas. But we can be just as miserable buying religious as general cards. We can be just as short-tempered with our children setting up a Nativity scene on the lawn as hanging a Santa on the door. Let's stop kidding ourselves about the "commercialism" of Christmas. We can commercialize the religious aspects of Christmas . . . or we can spiritualize the secular.

. What Can Sadat Possibly Do for an Encore? day he addressed the parliament of a country with which he was at war. Equally astonishing was the daring of Premier Begin in inviting the Egyptian President to address the Jewish leaders. I had the impression that I was witnessing the opening of a new era in' human history, an era in which the stain and unprofitable diplomacy of the past was giving way to a new and fresh style of peacemaking, a direct approach to the people and government of a hostile nation. New and fresh - but also supremely intelligent and compassionate - a stupendous breakthrough. Sadat had seen that the whole Middle East peoples was at an

impasse and he had made up his mind that he would waste not a moment in obsolete formalities when invited by Premier Begin to address the Knesset. He realized full well that it was a perilous gamble: he was risking his life as well as his career, for he knew that most Arabs would consider him a renegade for consorting with the Jews. He was willing to run the risk: he felt it was utterly pointless to continue the present suicidal impasse. He may lose his life but he may also go down in history as one of the most astute of contemporary national leaders, because he realized that his first step would have to be

an attempt to change the warpsychology of the peoples of the Middle East. Specifically, he wanted to change the belligerence of Arab and Jewish thinking to a more reasonable climate of public opinion. Sadat saw this psychological barrier as 70 percent of the problem. So he resolved to do all in his power to persuade both sides to join hands and have faith in the wisdom of the Creator. Yet his talk was no mouthing of pious platitudes about peace. It was a tough, hardline demand for return of the territories occupied by the victorious Jewish forces. And specially painful to Jewish sensibilities

was his demand for the city of Jerusalem. The Knesset, however, realized that these demands were only beginning gambits in the negotiations about to take place between Egypt and Israel. What was great gOod news to Jewish ears was Sadat's announcement that Egypt was ready and willing to recognize the legal existence of the State of Israel. He said, "Israel is a reality" and he declared, "Today we want to live in peace with you:' The Prayer of St. Francis has it, "Lord, make me an instrument of your needs:' Sadat, the Muslim, has proved himself an instrument of peace.

Suggests B,ooks for C路hristm:as Giving tlo Garderners By JOSEPH RODERICK

Books, books, books for Christmas giving! One of the best this season is "Home Growing," St. Martin's Press, New York, $15.95, which claims to be a complete guide to growing vegetables, fruits and

herbs and comes pretty close to being just that. . "Gifts from Your Garden" by Joan Scobey and Norma Myers at $8.95 is a hardcover book dealing with preserving flowers and herbs. Included are directions for drying, pressing, collecting aromatics and culinary delights. A light book for special interests. A major interest of many gardeners is the propagation of plants. "Plants-A-Plenty" ($10. 95) by Catherine Osgood Foster

deals with both indoor and outdoor plants. The first half discusses various methods of propagating in detail, including cuttings, layering, crown and root divisions, grafting and seeds. The second part handles plants and the methods to be used for each. A good book for the beginner, it is rather elementary for the more advanced gardener. Jack Kramer is an indoor gardening expert and his new book, "A Seasonal Guide to Indoor Gardening" (paperback, $5.95),

is excellent. It contains much useful information, especially for gardeners who buy plants in the spring and watch them slowly die as seasonal differences bring about different growing conditions in the home. "The Time-Life Encyclopedia of Gardening" is an ambitious project from Time-Life Books. "Greenhouse Gardening" by James Crockett ($8.95, hardcover) the latest addition to the series, is a comprehensive guide to the greenhouse. It suffers

only in attempting too much in too short a space. It is excellently illustrated and there are numerous charts and much information compressed in its pages. Winter is obviously a good time to receive gardening books. It is a time for planning and thinking and learning. Good books are always a treat but to the gardener they are the soil from which dreams grow and from which the ideas emerge to enrich our spring gardens.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 8, 1977

Catholic Press Continued from Page One

Marian Medal Awards

If relevision and radio wanted

to go it on their own, all right. . Once again the Catholic press had found itself in a familiar position - a lot like that of the housewife who feels she is simply taken for granted. The Papers print feature stories every few months on the tremendous job done by McDonald's, Kentucky Fried, and the other fast food places. They're serving something like 20 or 30 percent (at least some large number) of the nation's meals. ,But who's serving the 70 or 80 percent? Mom. No feature story on that. Or the papers go into ecstasy about how fast those food places get the orders out. But who makes sure the kitchen is stocked so that the kids home from school just open the refrigerator door and the food is there? Mom. And without a feature story. That's the Catholic press of America. It's doing the day-today work of communications for the Church. Appreciation? Maybe on Catholic Press Sunday, once a year. But the rest of the time when the communications people of the Church get talking, it's with television and' radio in mind. When Church authorities are pushed, they'll admit the importance of the Catholic press. At the recent synod of bishops in Rome, the U.S. delegation called the Catholic press "the least expensive way of regularly bringing comprehensive religious news and instructional features to a large number of Catholics." But what normally happens? When our own diocese worked for a year and a half over its own recent synod, the committee that put out the long offical document on education never once mentioned the Catholic press. Not even in its section on adult education. It took direct protest from us to get into the document. And when religious education meetings are held around the country, never is there a mention of the place held by the Catholic press in this process. I wasn't there when 5,000 Catholics gathered for the August meeting of the New England Congress of Religious Education in Amherst, Mass. But the 630word news story I saw mentioning many aspects of religious education never once had a word for the Catholic press. And yet our own synod would probably have been unknown to most of our Catholics if it had not been for the publicity given it in our own paper. And that Amherst meeting probably got its main publicity in the Catholic papers of the area. Actually, this attitude is only a reflection of what happens in the secular field. It's television, not the press, that is the star of communications these days. There's no way the best paper in the world can look as glamorous and as successful as a brilliantly staged TV presentation. But again it's the press that does the day-to-day job in the secular field as well. People mistakenly translate all this glam-


/ A LOVING CUDDLE cheers an orphan in Southeast Asia. Without the presence and service of the Mission Church, many children and adults of the Third World, devoid of hope or faith, would have an even more bitter struggle against poverty, disease and illiteracy. Your Christmas gift to the Society for the Propagation of the Faith helps the Church in 900 needy areas of the world. our to mean that, for instance, the public gets its news mainly from television. But repeated surveys show this is not true. National network news shows fall far below newspapers, and everyone has to tum to the press to get the full story. Some people still dream of getting another Archbishop Sheen on the air. But Archbishop Sheens are few and very far between. And the television scene has changed so much that today even a Sheen would be unable to get his program on prime time network television. even if it were paid by General Motors or IBM. The reasons for that are too complex to explain now, but they're hard business reasons that networks won't change. To all of this, The Anchor says a loud Amen.

Right to Die Continued from Page. One cience of society, no matter how highly motivated or impressively constituted." In the Quinlan case, the New Jersey court held that decisions on whether to continue lifesupport efforts should be up to doctors and hospital committees acting with family members. Miss Quinlan's parents and doctors believed the comatose woman would die without the aid of a respirator. She was removed from the respirator, but continues to live unconscious in a New Jersey nursing home. The court's 41-page opinion written by Justice Paul J. Liacos was made in explanation of its order issued July 9, 1976, which upheld Springfield Probate Judge Harry Jekanowski's order that chemotherapy not be given to Joseph Saikewicz, 67, who is dying of leukemia. Saikewicz died Sept. 4, 1976. In his order, Jekanowski supported Patrick J. Meinick, the ,patient's court-appointed guardian, who asked that Saikewicz be allowed to die "peacefully and comfortably."

Melkite Bishop

Continued from Page One cure, Mrs. Michael Nolan, Mrs. Susan 'Roy, Mrs. Paul Westlund. Cape Cod, Islands: Mrs. Donald Allen, Mrs. Ernest Carreiro, Mrs. Leon Cremonini, Mrs. Edward Crosby, Mrs. Carmine Cutillo, Mrs. Frank Donelan, Charles Downs. Anthony Duarte, Francis Dijarte, Roland Frechette, Mrs. Louis Marshall, Robert Mosher, Mrs. Francis Silva, Mrs. William Stone, Paul Sullivan, A. Clayson Tucy, Mrs. Dorothy Wynot. New Bedford Area: Terence Beehan, Rudolph Caruso, Theresa Carvalho, Mrs. Normand Cayer, George Daigle, Alfred Gauthier, Mrs. Beverly Gendron, Manuel Gomes, Mrs. Stephen Gonet, Mrs. Valmore Gonneville, Mrs. William Harrison. Frank Jason Jr., Ernest Kruger, Mrs. Azelia Laliberte, Armand Marien, Sylvester Mitchell,

South Africa Continued from Page One The archbishop said the ruling government "has become totally stubborn. It won't 'accept any submissions (from blacks or the Church) and it will not make any concessions. "The elections will mobilize once and for all the whole white community inside a fortress. They will mobilize the whole of white strength," he added. "Free inside the fortress the whites will fight not only the blacks of South Africa - they will fight the whole world if they have to." Archbishop Hurley said the death of black leader Steve Biko during detention in Pretoria jail in September has had a "profound" effect on South African blacks, who see Biko as a "martyr" to the black struggle for civil rights. The suspicious circumstances surrounding Biko's death have "struck horror in many in the white community," he added, but most still feel that there was "some justification for the police to act the way they did." Archbishop Hurley commented that the national situation in South Africa is mirrored by the confusion facing white Catholics. "They believe their spiritual home is in the Church but they are confused by our support for blacks," he said. "They are retreating inside the fortress too."

Continued from Page One become bishop of any other diocese. He said he had regained 11 pounds since his release from prison. A Melkite-rite spokesman in Rome had said before Archbishop Capucci's release that the archbishop, who had been on hunger strike, had lost 75 pounds in two months. Archbishop Capucci said he could not speak about his treatment in prison. "When the Holy Father obtained my release, he obtained it under certain conditions. One was that ,I not speak about my imprisonment." In December, 1974, a Jesusalem court found the archbishop, who had been arrested the previous August, guilty of contacting a foreign agent, possessing and carrying illegal weapons and serving an illegal organization. Police testified that they had discovered weapons and explosives hidden in his car when he returned to Israel from Lebanon. He was sentenced to 12 years in prison. Archbishop Capucci said he was to have an audience with the Pope soon - around the beginning of December. Concerning the conditions under which he was released, he said: "unofficially, I have been told that they were that I was to leave the country, to come to Italy; that Pleads for Help I was not to go to an Arab BUENOS AIRES (NC) The country - I hope for a limited Argentine Catholic Information period; that I do not engage in Agency (AICA) recently publishpolitics; that I make no state- ed what is called "a moving letments. My liberation is not to ter" from Alexander Argentov, constitute a danger to the se- a young believer pleading for curity of Israel." help from a psychiatric asylum Before the archbiship's re- in Moscow. "The doctors here are trying lease, a Melkite-rite spokesman in Rome had said that he would to convince me that my religious be transferred to a ,post in South beliefs are the product of a menAmerica. But the archbishop tal illness," Argentov's ~etter said he could not accept nomina- . said. tion as head of some other dio- _ _"011"""""'11111'''''_''1''''''_''''_"'''10'''''''''''''''''"'1''11111_ THE ANCHOI cese. Second Cilis Postale Paid at Fall Ilvlr, "I am the bishop of JesusaMan. Published every Thursday at 410 lem. Christ is the spouse of the Jllehland Avenue, Fall River, Man. 02722 Church. My spouse is the Church by the Catholic Pren of the Dloclle of rill of Jerusalem. I am the bishop of River. Subscription prici by mill, POftll'lI that Church and of that people." H.OO IIlr

Mrs. Joseph Moniz, Mrs. John Pereira, Mrs. Antone Perry, Mrs. Anthony Rudler. John Swol, Walter Szelag, Mrs. Edward Tracz, Nelson Vega, James J. Vicino, Jr. Taunton Area: Mrs. John Alden, Leo Cardin, Mrs. James Clark, Miss Mary Dinneen, Mrs. Eli Ducharme: Edward Duffy, John Dupont, Miss Pauline Gula. Mrs. William Johnson, Mrs. Donald Lewis, Mrs. Edward Marcheselli, John Pelletier, Francis Wilde.

Awareness Continued from Page One cesan superintendent of schools, was to study the 'role of individual action in meeting world problems associated with justice and peace issues. "Mother Teresa of Calcutta is an example of what one person can do to combat enormous problems," she said in explaining the program. It is hoped that those participating in the sessions will bring information back to their schools and religious education programs. If sufficient interest is expressed, the Maryknoll team will be available to other diocesan groups, said Sister Marion.

Furiano, Si, Tango, No VATICAN CITY (NC) Worldwide' movie audiences may be thrilling to Rudolph Nureyev's rendition of the tango in the film "Valentino," but Pope St. Pius X looked upon the dance as a penance and "sheer cruelty." At least that was his reaction, according to a New York Times dispatch Jan. 28, 1914, after he saw the dance performed at the Vatican. The Pope, said the Times'R wanted to "judge for himself whether (the tango) was immoral." Two members of an ancient Roman upper class family, said the report, were admitted in private audience and "humming softly well-known music, initiated His Holiness into the mysteries of tango steps. As the couple danced, said the Times, "the Pope's brow furrowed with a look of stupefaction," and he asked them: "'Is that the tango?' "'Yes. Your Holiness.' " 'Well, my children, you cannot find it very amusing,''' the Pope reportedly said. According to the Times, the Pope told the couple that "if the tango were made a penance, it would be looked upon as sheer cruelty." Turning to the couple, the Pope, who came from the Venice area, suggested that they take up a lively Venetian dance, the "furiana." When the couple confessed that they didn't know it, the Pope, according to the Times version, "was itching to demonstrate the steps to them, but, repressing his desire, he 'rang for a Venetian servant and ordered him to show the visitors how to dance the furiana."


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 8, i 977

Advent: A Time of Waiting "Convert us, 0 God, and show us thy face," prayed the Psalmist. It is the Advent prayer of the Church seeking a Saviour. The liturgy is full of yearning - Stir up thy might, 0 Lord, and come to save us; o Root of Jesse, come to deliver us and tarry not and this should be expressed in our Advent selves. Is it? Or do we fuss and fret over cards and lists, shopping and cooking? U's not too late to convert, in the root meaning of the word - to turn against the secular tide that changes Christmas into Xmas, St. Nicholas into a profitmaking Santa Claus and even our Sundays into yet another shopping - day - before - Christmas. What To Do? What to do? Actually, no other season offers so many possibilities of celebration, during which families can enrich their understanding of the real meaning of Christmas while losing none of the usual fun and festivities. Everything begins the Saturday before the first Sunday of Advent, when Advent wreaths make their appearance in many homes. But it's not too late to have one this Advent, if the custom is new to you. You need a wreath and four candles, usually three purple and one rose, to coincide with the

vestments worn at Advent Masses. One additional candle is lit each week of Advent until at Christmas all are burning. The wreath is rich in symbolism. Its shape, without beginning or end, stands for eternity, its green color for life and growth, its unlit candles for the ages before Christ that passed "in darkness and the shadow of death." Once lit, of course, the tapers symbolize the ever-increasing light of the Saviour. A nightly prayer is said as the appropriate number of Advent wreath candles are lit, usually at dinner or supper time. Now in the second week of Advent, the prayer is: 0 Lord, stir up our hearts that we may prepare the ways of thine only begotten Son; that through his coming we may be made worthy to serve thee with purified minds. Through Christ our Lord, Amen. For the third week (Dec. 10 through 16): 0 Lord, we beseech thee, incline thine ear to our prayers and enlighten the darkness of our minds by the grace of thy visitation. Through Christ our Lord, Amen. For the fourth week (Dec. 17 through 24): 0 Lord, we beseech thec, stir up thy power and come; and with .great might deliver us, that with the help of thy grace, thy merc~ful for, giveness may hasten what our sins impede. Through Christ our Lord, Amen.

Advent is a time of waiting

At Christmas many families replace the Advent candles with white or red tapers and use the wreath as a Christmas dinner centerpiece, often with a large Christ candle or crib in its center. Advent Calendar For building family anticipation of Christmas, it's hard to beat an Advent calendar with a small door to open each day from Dec. 1 through 24, each door revealing a new Christmas symbol, climaxing on Christmas Eve with the largest door, behind which is a manger scene. Such calendars, regrettably, are also available with comic book characters and Santa Claus and reindeer scen03, but :10 look for the very beautiful productions, usually from Germany, equally as tinselly and sparkling as their secular cousins, but stressing the religious aspect of the holiday. A tip: if you have several children, be sure to prepare a very clear and equitable schedule of door-opening! Even teenagers want their turn at this ritual. Other observances continuing throughout Advent are those of the Jesse tree and the Christmas manger. The Jesse tree, named to recall the lineage of Christ, is a small tree decorated with symbols representing the events of salvation history preceding the birth of Jesus. (It may be artificial, since a live tree might not last the whole Advent, and it is often placed near the Advent wreath for dinner-time attention.) Symbols should be made by family members and are a painless way of teaching Bible history. They can include such items as a crayoned apple with a bite out of it, and a pipe-c1elmer snake for the story of Adam and Eve, a crown or a harp for King David, a smali ladder for Jacob, a bright doll's coat for Joseph's "coat of many colors" and even such a gruesome item as one teenager came up with: a paper doll cut in half. That, she solemnly explained, was the baby King Solomon suggested dividing between two women, each claiming to be its mother. Christmas mangers, one for each family member, can be set up at the beginning of the season. Each good deed or act of self-denial is rewarded with a straw and hopefully by Christmas Eve there is enough straw in each to form a comfortable bed for a swaddled baby doll ceremoniously placed within and found under the tree on Christmas morning. St. Nicholas Almost as anticipated as Christmas in families that have introduced the custom is the feast of St. Nicholas on December 6. This is usually quite simple in this country (although in many lands more of a gift-giving occasion than Christmas.) Typically, each famj,ly member receives a stocking of candy, fruit, cookies and one small gift. The one essential is the inclusion of a few gold-covered chocolate "coins" in each stock-

ing toe, in memory of the kindhearted bishop saint who was famous for providing dowries of golden coins for impoverished maidens in his diocese. Treat Days Then there are Advent treat days, tying in with the 0 antiDec. 17 phon days from through 23 (the ancient 0 antiphons are heard in musical form in the Advent carol "0 come, o come, Emmanuel.) At any rate, it was a monastic custom to provide special dainties on the "0" days, with the monk who was treating reciting the antiphon as he presented his dish. Families begin with the youngest (who may produce a cookie or a piece of candy) and work up to the father who, like the abbot in days of yore, treats on Dec. 23 and is expected to provide the best surprise of all. Christmas Eve At last comes Christmas Eve, hopefully with presents wrapped, turkey stuffed, decorating done. Now is a beautiful moment for a family to bless its own tree. The following ceremony may be used: Tree Blessing The father of the family recites the antiphon. The psalm is then recited alternately with the rest of the family. Antiphon: Let all the trees in the forest sing for joy, for the Lord has come. Psalm 95: Sing to the Lord a new song; sing unto the Lord, all the earth. Sing to the Lord, bless His name, Proclaim His salvation I day after day. Declare His glory among the nations, His wonders among all peoples. For great is the Lord, and highly to be praised, to be feared above all the gods. For all the gods of the heathen are vain idols; but the Lord made the heavens. Majesty and beauty are before Him: Power and splendor are in His sanctuary. Ascribe to the Lord, 0 families of the peoples, ascribe to the Lord glory and power; ascribe to the Lord the glory due to His name. Offer sacrifice, and enter His courts. Worship the Lord in holy attire. Tremble before Him, all the earth. Proclaim among the nations "the Lord is king." He has established the world that it be not moved; He rules the people with equity.

Let the heavens rejOIce and let the earth be glad; let the sea and all that it contains resound; Let the fields exult and all that is in them. Then shall the trees of the forest rejoice before the Lord, for He comes, for He comes to rule the earth. He will rule the world with justice, And the peoples according to His faithfulness. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen. The Antiphon is repeated by all together: Let all the trees of tIl(' forest sing for joy, for the Lord has come. The mother of the family reads: After the fall of our first parents the earth was bare and desolate; the world stood in the darkness of sin. But when the Savior was born our earth shone with a new brightness; the glory of the Almighty had renewed the world, making it more beau!jful than before. This tree once stood dark and empty in a cold world. But now resplendent with lights and bright adornments, in its new glory this Christmas tree reflects the new beauty that God brought to earth when "the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us." By a tree the whole world has been redeemed, and therefore, with great joy we celebrate the glory of this tree. Prayer Father: Christ is the tree of life. All: In the midst of the paradise of lights. Father: He is the tree. All: We are the branches. Father: In Him was life. All: And the life was light of men. Father: The Lord be with you. All: And with thy spirit. Let is pray: Bless, we beseech Thee, 0 Holy God, Father Almighty, this noble tree which we have adorned in honor of the new birth of Thy only-begotten Son, and do Thou so adorn our souls with the manifold beauties of Thy graces that being internally enlightened by the splendor radiating from this tree, we like the wise men may come to adore Him who is the eternal Light and' Beauty, the same Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord. All: Amen.


permanent diaconate: â&#x20AC;˘ â&#x20AC;˘ ministry

of word liturgy charity By Father John F. Moore

Pennanent Dlaconate Dioeesan Director Recently a priest participating in a Permanent Deacon conference held in the Midwest stated that it was for him a new experience. He was with people obviously involved in the ordained ministry yet with life experiences far removed from those of clergy and other religious with whom he had been involved in the past. During the conference this priest became very aware of the frustrations and ambiguities of the diaconal ministry, especially as related to parish faith communities. Many deacons had chosen to minister in areas not connected with their parishes because of the lack of support and encouragem.ent they had received from pastors .and parish staff. This indeed is one of the most common difficulties deacons face in today's Church: For some reason, there are priests who cannot accept the fact of the Permanent Diaconate. It may be lack of understanding or

refusal to grow in knowledge, yet for some the deacon poses a real threat. It is this feeling of insecurity that has made some priests fearful of the deacon, not only as an ordained minister but also as a person. Some of these fears and doubts related to the diaconate ministry arise from a basic ignorance of the history and theological development of ministry within the Church. Because many people have not studied the history of the Church and the development of Holy Orders to any real depth, there exists little understanding by clergy or latiy of the evolvement of ministry. To overcome these fears it has been suggested that during his formation period the deacon should be given visibility and encouragement. His parish priests should offer him support. Parishioners should know who he is and what he is working toward. Milestones along the road to ordination such as his admission to candidacy and his installation as Reader and Acolyte should be well publicized in the parish community. Expanded consciousness of this community is crucial to a man's acceptance and effectiveness. The deacon brings a unique experience to the Church, that of being in most cases married, yet ordained. This linking of family life and ministry is providing the Church with models for the future. Thus it is most important that the deacon be recognized and acknowledged by others, especially priests, as a leader and gatherer of community, filling up what is lacking in the Church today, just as did the first deacons in the early Church.


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 8, 1977

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NO DONKEY? The biblical account of the first Christmas has no reference to a donkey, camels or a specific number of wise men, points out Father Raymond Brown in the December issue of U.S. Catholic magazine. "They come from Christian imagination filling in the spaces," he declares. (NC Photo)

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Karate for Christ

DONALD J. THORMAN, 52, publisher of the National Catholic Reporter, died last week in Kansas City, Mo. He will be succeeded by 'Arthur Jones, NCR editor.

Free Care Urged For Poor Women The president of the National Federation of Priests' Councils (NFPC) has urged that Catholic hospitals provide free "prenatal, delivery and postnatal care" to poor women seeking an alternative to abortion. The NFPC is a federation of priests' senates from about 130 U.S. dioceses. The NFPC's president, Father James Ratigan, made his recommendation in a letter to Bishop Justin Driscoll of Fargo, N.D., a consultant to the bishops' pro-life activities committee. Father Ratigan urged the committe to survey Catholic hospitals to determine the extent to which such care is already available. He also recommended that "an all-out effort be made by our Catholic hospitals to promote and publicize such free care." "While no single approach is a total solution to the problem." Father Ratigan s'aid, "I believe this particular approach (free medical care) can reduce significantly the number of abortions among poor women:'

By Frank Donahue MIRAMAR, Fla. (NC) Baird "'Buddy" Rogers, a black belt practitioner, says that karate can help bring people to Christ. Rogers, a 39-year-old convert to Catholicism, teaches karate at St. Bartholomew parish center. "Here we try to cultivate a positive attitude, love for Christ and love and respect for each other," he said. Classes even include prayer. Although karate conjures up violent memories of the late Bruce Lee chopping his way through the ranks of his movie enemies or David Carradine landing deft blows against oppressors in the "Kung Fu" TV series, Rogers says it is compatible with the Christian injunction of turning the other creek. "The more you are able to defend yourself, the less likely you are to lose your head when someone strikes you," he said. Through karate's basic principles of "concentration, calmness and confidence, you learn to control your emotions," he added. There is also an element of stewardship involved, Rogers said. "After all, the Bible speaks of the body as a temple of the Holy Spirit, and I think we should physically maintain that temple." Rogers said that his idea of joining Christian thought with the Buddhist martial art form came to him during a Cursillo he made two years ago. He became a Catholic last year. He and his wife, Colleen, and their son and daughter were parishioners of St. Bartholomew's parish when he began karate classes

there. Now they have moved to Our Lady Queen of Heaven, North Lauderdale. "I had studied karate for nine years, but after I made the Cursillo, I realized that karate was a gift I could use to get Christ across to people. "Other schools mediate on 'a pool in the middle of a forest,' or on the principles of Zen Buddhism, which in my experience leads nowhere, whereas we meditate on Christ and we pray for at least 10 minutes during each two-hour practice. "Then, too, during the physical exercises themselves, the pain sometimes involved lends itself to meditation on the pain that Christ suffered for us." It is important that the student acquire the physical techniques to gain one belt before being admitted to a higher one, Rogers said, but he added, "In our classes, a Christ-eentered attitude is 60 percent of the grading by which a student advances from one belt to another." His students range in age from 9 to 48. Those interviewed were enthusiastic about Rogers' approach to the martial art. High school senior Michael Lewlass, 17, said, "1 enrolled tci perfect myself, body, mind and soul - the works. It's helped me a lot, spirituaHy." Tom DiMattine, 48, said he made a Cursillo because of his activity in karate class. "I've found that the more you get into karate, the way it's taught here, the less you really want to fight anyone. You learn to walk away more easily and be a better man than anyone who wants to fight you."

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BUDDY ROGERS, karate instructor in Miramar, Fla. includes meditating on Christ in each class session, says martial art is compatible with Christian principles.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 8, 1977

Caution Urged in Nuclear Development

Question (orner , •


By Father John Dietzen Q. We always think of Our Lady of Guadelupe as a Mexican idea and feast. Why is it such a popular devotion and celebration in the United States? A. There are at least two good reasons. First, the many United States citizens of Mexican descent, and those of other nationalities, are thankfully very proud of their religious and other customs and feasts. They have helped make the devotion to Our Lady of Guadelupe popular here. Second, in one. important way, the feast is as much ours as theirs. When the Blessed Virgin appeared to the Indian Juan Diego on the hill near Mexico City, the year was 1521, nearly 100 years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock. At this time, of course, there were none of the present boundaries or nations in the New World, thus the event at Guadelupe remains significant not only for Mexico but for all the Americas. The Feast of Our Lady of Guadelupe is Dec. 12. Q. What can we do with old blessed candles, pictures, statues, etc. that we don't want to keep and can't be given away? A. They should

be burned, broken or otherwise deskoyed and then discarded. Such items are no longer considered blessed once they lose their identity. Q. I think the time has come for the confessional box to go and I am convinced thousands agree with me. You can hear what is being said on the other side and even in the back seat of the church. It's very embarrassing. I wish there were more group confession at Mass. Where do they have these? (Mass.) A. There may be thousands

who agree with you about traditional confessionals, but there are also thousands who would

Woods Hole Nun Is Prioress Sister Joseph of Jesus Mary, the former Charlotte R. McKenzie of St. Joseph's parish, Woods Hole, has been elected prioress of the Monastery of St. Joseph of the Discalced Carmelites in Terre Haute, Ind., after serving as sub-prioress for three years. She is the daughter of Mrs. Robert L. McKenzie of the Cape Cod NUl'Sing Home in Buzzards Bay and the sister of Helen E. McKenzie of Nursery Road, Falmouth. Brothers are in New Jersey and Rhode Island. The prioress earned a full scholarship to Barnard College at age 16 and was president of her senior class at the institution. After graduation she served in the WAVES for two years before entering religious life in 1947.

VIENNA (NC) - The Vatican has urged the international community to "proceed with the utmost caution" in implementing nuclear energy projects.


give you quite a fight. Nevertheless the problem you mention can be considerable and it isn't yours alone. Many churches now have confessional rooms as well as the traditional booths. This not only provides more privacy, but allows a face-to-face relationship with the priest and allows 3 much more appropriate use of the new Rite of Penance. A completely anonymous confession with a "screen" is also possible in these rooms; it's up to the penitent how he wishes to do it. As you indicate, communal penitential rites are held occasionally in most churches; however, to receive the sacrament of Penance, private confession of sins is normally required, even though all other ceremonies and prayers for the sacrament may be public. You would have to watch parish bulletins for these occasions or call a parish for information. Incidentally, you will do the priest a favor if you tell him about the overhearing problem. He's probably unaware of it. (Questions for this colwnn should be sent to Father Dietzen, c/o The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, Fall River, Mass. 02722.

Keep Writing! Here is the latest list of "SOA:P" advertisers, as provided by the Coalition for No Soap. The following advertisers sponsored the Nov. 1 episode: - British Leyland Motors, Inc.; G. W. Whitehead, president; 600 Willow Tree Road; Leonia, N.J. 07605. - Ward Foods, Inc. (Johnson's ReadiCrust); William P. Howlett. chairman; Chalet Office Plaza; .1000 Skokie Boulevard; Wilmette, Ill. 60091. - Alberto-Culver Company; Leonard H. Lavin, president;. 2525 Armitage Avenue; Melrose Park, Ill. 60160. - Solar Nutritionals (Slim Fast); Thompson Medical Co.; 919 Third Avenue; New York, N.Y. 10022. - Warner Communications Inc.; Steven J. Ross, chairman; 75 Rockefeller Plaza; New York, N.Y. 10019, and Columbia Picture Industries Inc.; Leo Jaffe, chairman; 711 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10022. (Joint producers of "Bobby Deerfield,") In a memorandum to "organizations and individuals opposed to "SOAP," the coalition said four of the five advertisers were repeaters. "This indicates that the companies involved may perceive the public reaction as cooling down," the memo said, urging continued letter-writing campaigns. Slim Fast, the only new advertiser, placed two spots on the Nov. 1 episode, making it only the second time in seven episodes that "SOAP" has been fully sponsored, according to Judith M. Guarr, coordinator of the coalition.



be among fairy tales portrayed by the Paul VincentDavis Puppets at the annual Christmas party for Junior Foresters, to be held at 2:30 p.m. Sunday, Dec. 11 at 1200 Beacon Street Motel, Brookline.

Father Greeley Is Medalist CHICAGO (NC)-Anchor columnist Father Andrew Greeley has been named winner of the 24th Thomas More Medal "for the most distinquished contribution to Catholic literature" in 1977. He was specifically cited for his book, "The American Catholic: A Social Portrait," Father Greeley, a sociologist and a priest of the Chicago archdiocese, is director of the Center for the Study of American Pluralism at the National Opinion Research Center in Chicago. He is the author of more than 50. books and two syndicated newspaper columns. The citation accompanying the medal calls him a "prolific author, distinguished scholar, outspoken syndicated columnist, international lecturer and dedicated Roman Catholic priest," It adds: "Right-thinking Americans of all religious persuasions owe Father Greeley a considerable debt of gratitude for his courage and scholarship,"

Mistrust End Asked VATICAN CITY (NC) - Cath'olic and Protestant members of an international interfaith commission have recommended that their churches abandon the "mutual mistrust" which they say still often exists concerning mixed marriages. The 20-member commission, made up of Catholic, Lutheran and Reformed Church representatives, studied the mixed marriage question in a 32-page report which is now being sent to officials of the churches for their comment.

Harmann Abs, head of the Vatican delegation to last month's general conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, said that "clarification of the hazards involved in the use of nuclear re-

sources" must be an international priority. "The reality of these hazards to date undetermined in many instances, places a serious obligation . . . on all states considering such projects to proceed with the utmost caution and with a realism that will not run risks that the citizenry of any state and of the world has a right to be protected against," he stated.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 8, 1977


The Court of Charlemagne By Father Alfred McBride We owe the beginning of the Church's involvement in Christian education to two Christian laymen in the sixth century: Cassiodorus and Boethius. As secular schools crumbled and closed, these men saw that the first need was to have the major body of classical knowledge translated into Latin, so that the knowledge could be preserved and passed on. Boethius translated the complete works of Aristotle and Plato. Monks and laymen, like human. printing presses, made numerous copies of these translations. Cassiodorus founded and financed a manuscript copying center. Not only the works of Boethius, but also most of the standard classic texts were carefully copied. Cassiodorus further established a course of studies based on Augustine's vision of how to tie all secular learning to a Christian value system. The work of these two laymen was' taken over by Bishop Isidore who created a learning center at Seville. The scholars arranged an enormous body of knowledge into an educational system that would survive the Dark Ages and become the basis for the curriculum of the medieval universities. It included the seven liberal arts: grammar, rhetoric, logic, mathematics, geometry, music and astronomy. To this was added the study of the Bible, medicine, law and Church institutions. A method was adapted from Augustine to relate all this to God. Christian schools did not suddenly develop from this, but their foundation was laid. Over the next several centuries monks all over Europe patiently copied out the library and methods systematized at Seville. Why did these monks just copy and not create new works? Why was education so static? Most likely because the work of establishing a stable agriculture, converting tribal systems to inherited Roman forms of law, hist~ry, management, finance, and lastly, the intensive catechesis of a newly evangelized population left little time for intellectual speculation and creative endeavor. Of course art flourished, though creative education did not. Look at the splendor of illu-

In our age of speedy communications and instant awareness of everything everywhere, it is almost impossible to sense the slowness of these earlier periods. But they were the brooding cocoon out of which emerged the stunning butterflies of the High Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

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minated manuscripts, ivory crosses, jeweled relic cases, and the unforgettable stone art of Ireland. As time developed, the first Christian schools were either in monasteries or attached to local cathedrals. The copying went on and the main form of education was transmission of what had been copied. One of the odd twists of this history is that the possibility of Christian education, started by two laymen, was subsequently available only to monks and priests. The result produced a cleavage between clerics and laity that was to cause mischief later on. The Frankish emperor Charlemagne noted how the education of the laity was not keeping pace with the clergy. He brought in an English scholar, Alcuin, to remedy this deficiency. It would in fact take several more centuries to achieve this ideal to any notable degree. Still, credit must be given to the perceptiveness of Charlemagne and the efforts to equalize educational advantages for the Christian laity. One thing that slowed the pace was the insistence on Latin as the preferred language for education. The language of the people was different and where it had been similar to Latin, it was diverging. Latin was useful to an international Church, but to local peoples, proud of their own tongue, or at least amiably accustomed to it, there seemed no pressing need of it. Not only did the court of Charlemagne awaken the laity to its need for education, it also saw the need to begin correcting the inevitable, inadvertent errors creeping into the transmitted texts, due to sleepy monks, poor lighting or predictable distraction. We still have a letter signed by Charlemagne and Alcuin insisting on the creation of amended texts that would be faithful to the originals.


Religious Education Today


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Alcuin By Father John J. Castelot

St. Patrick brought Christianity to Ireland and established a church structure based on monastic models. His spiritual sons, the Irish monks, later went to the continent to re-Christianize and recivilize Europe. History plays strange tricks. The saint who had such a difficult time preparing himself academically for his mission sparked a movement of broad intellectual renaissance. The Irish monks prided themselves on their learning and brought it to a Europe sunk into general illiteracy in the years following the barbarian takeover. It is difficult to imagine EuTurn to Page Thirteen

Anyone involved in parish religious education can tell you that there are still many parents who believe that the best way to teach religion to children is by rote. This assumption is based either on a positive experience in their own catechesis or on frustrations over the seeming lack of solid doctrinal teaching available to their children. The success of deductive methods of religi'Ous education in previous generations was due primarily to deeply rooted family religious traditions and practices. The role of instruction in these circumstances was simply to formalize that which was already present informally through family and community practices. Sunday Mass attendance was seldom questioned by young people because it was part of family and community custom' and culture. No one heard for the first time in the classroom that stealing or lying or fighting or any of the activities prohibited by the Ten Commandments were wrong. That there were Ten Commandments might have been new information for children, but their moral content was not. While this description does not fit all Catholic families of the 1940s and 1950s, it is appli-路 cable to a majority. But the circumstances of that majority. underwent a significant change in the 1960s which mandated new directions in religious education. Many children of. the 1940s and 1950s married non-Catholics, moved away from neighborhood parishes and extended families, chose a surburban life that requires two jobs and two cars, opted for fewer children, came in contact with a much more diverse world, and stopped doing for their children what had been done for them in terms of religious traditioning. You may blame this 'On any number of causes; tbe point is that society has changed. Consequently we can no longer assume that the majority of children who come for religious instruction have the benefit of informal faith traditioning at home. A common experience is that many children never celebrate religious feasts in a family context; most are not familiar with parish life beyond Sunday Mass; few have learned any formal prayers from their parents or had the experience of praying with them. Under these circumstances it is impossible to continue teaching religion deductively, for children would be memorizing doctrine totally unrelated to life experience. Most educators believe that the experience as well as the doctrine needs to happen in the classroom. In any case,

it is not educationally sound to presume that anything can be learned which is not based in some way on life experience. The development of' experimental religion texts was a natural response to the changes which took place in the Catholic Turn to Page Thirteen

II Togetherness II By Msgr. Joseph M. Champlin How do you pray, eat or play together,with your family and. as a part-time nurse, work the afternoon shift several days a week or, as a district sales manager, leave every Monday morning on a four-day jet jaunt to several states throughout the East coast? In those cases you obviously cannot always share as an entire family each occasion when you pray or play. Regrettable as this may be, it does push husband and wife, mother and father to make the most of those situations when family activity is possible. Here are a few illustrations gathered from the life experiences of several couples close til me: Prayer at meals. Any type of grace before eating is praiseworthy, including a silent pause or a memorized formula. However, the procedure by vyhich all join hands and alternately speak spontaneous words of position or thanks involves the entire family more actively and intimately. Worship as a family. One family used to split for separate Masses. Now they participate at the same Eucharist, listen closely to the homily and frequently express their reactions afterwards over Sunday breakfast or dinner. Dining out. Another family has discovered eating at a special restaurant (more formal than a MacDonalds, Burger King, or the like) to be a particularly satisfying activity. Excitement about a new place and conversation about a different menu seem to draw all members into the action. (Naturally such events could be severely limited by budgetary considerations.) Picnics, not with other friends or relatives, but limited to the nuclear unit itself, offer opportunities to deepen or rebuild family closeness. Excursions. Most areas have often untapped resources available for relatively inexpensive family entertainment and education.. Sacramental preparation programs. The desired goal and increasingly common practice of religious education today seeks to involve parents thoroughly in preparing their children for first reception of the sacraments.

". Alcuin Continued from Page Twelve rope, cradle of modern western civilization, as being almost completely unschooled. But it was in the seventh and eighth centuries. Many of the great centers of learning were founded by Irish missionaries as eager to promote intellectual pursuits as to encourage Christian living. England was the scene of a parallel scholastic activity. Its scholars were not especially original, but they did preserve and hand on the wisdom of the past. One such scholar was AIcuin. Born about 732 near York, he devoted his whole life to learning and teaching. He entered the Cathedral School' at York as a pupil of Aelbert, master of studies, and spent 50 years there, succeeding his master as head of the school in 778. A trip to Italy brought about a dramatic change in his career. At Parma he met Charlemagne, King of the Franks, who invited him to direct his palace school, a lively center of intellectual activity. From this point on his career is intimately connected with that of Charlemagne, who was crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in a surprise move by Pope Leo III in the year 800. The new emperor had been and continued to be a vigorous promoter of education throughout his domain, and Alcuin was his right-hand man, history's first Minister of Education. However, the emperor has as much trouble outgrowing his barbarian background as Constantine the Great had in breaking with his Roman paganism. His method of Cliristianizing the Saxon people was to give them their choice of baptism or death - a procedure against which Alcuin protested vehemently. Still, Charlemagne's efforts in the area of education laid the foundation for the growth of stable and influential intellectual centers throughout Europe. Alcuin was his chief architect in this project, and under his direction a system reasonably close to universal education emerged. If Alcuin had spent the greater part of his life as a bookworm, he was not to finish his life as one. Indeed, there is

a good reason to believe that he played a key role in the events leading up to Charlemagne's coronation as Emperor in 800. In 796, he resigned his court position to become abbot of the great monastery of St. Martin at Tours. Here he died in 804, but not before he had made the abbey even more famous as a center of learning. His writings are not spectacular; the only really original works are his letters and some poetry. Perhaps his most lasting monument was the Roman Missal, which he compiled from existing liturgies. But his influence lives on in the great intellectual traditions of our Western civilization.

Education Today Continued from Page Twelve family and community. Their method is to seek common experiences in everyday living upon which religion teaching can be based. Unfortunately, many parents and pastors see only the experiences and not the doctrine in these programs. What they fail to realize is that the burden for both formal and informal religious education has been placed on the school or CCD I:eligion teacher who is hard pressed to accomplish either or both without consistent cooperation from parents, clergy and community. Ideally, what we need to do is recognize that the lifestyles of our Catholic families- and communities have changed, and make a conscious effort to reintegrate religious traditions into our everyday activities. We might begin as adults by taking advantage of opportunities for our own continuing education 'in the faith. We might make a point of celebrating Christian feasts in our homes. Above all, family prayer and celebration of the sacraments is a must. If we wish to return a situation where the only responsibilities of the religion teacher are to explain doctrines to children and send progress reports home, then we must resolve to work for the kind of family life which supplies traditioning in large and meaningful doses.


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IlLifestyles of our Catholic families and communities have changed."

A Verdade E A Vida Dirigida pelo Rev. Edmond Rego A Festa da Imaculada


A Imaculada C-oncei~ao de ~1aria fala-nos da santi dade de Deus e da oureza de alma com aue devem revestir-se todos Que d'Ele aoroximam. Na orirneira leitura deste dia ouvimos a narray'ao do primeiro pecado cometido no mundo. Aoao e Eva desobedecem a Deus e 'arrastam na sua desqra~a a humanidade inteira. Perdem a qra~a santificante, para si e nara toda a descendencia a excep~ao do ~edentor e da Sua Mae Sant{ssima. to pecado oriqinal. A tenta~ao de Ad~o e Eva e em tudo semelhante as nossas tenta~oes: tambem as nuedas aue nos afliqem n~o diferem da sua. A tenta~ao. 0 orimeiro par humane e oosto a orova. Aaui a tenta~ao vern do exterior, mas encontra urn cumolice dentro do nroprio ho· mem: a ambigao, fruto da soberba. "Abrir-se. ao os vossos olhos e sereis como Deuses, conhecendo 0 bern e 0 mal."(Gen) Por esta porta entrou 0 dem6nio no cora~ao dos nossos primeiros Dais enos da humanidade. Hoje, como ontem, numa situa~ao aqravada no estado decafdo, pela desordem das Daix5es, o mesmo sonho de ambi~ao perseque 0 homem: ser dono absoluto da sua vida, nao obedecer a Lei de Deus. E assim, muitas crises de fe sao causadas, nao tanto Dela dificuldade em aceitar as verdades reveladas, mas oelas suas exiq~ncias na vida. Ouantos aceitariam de boa vontade n Credo, se ele nao tivesse, inseparavel mente unidos, os mandamentos da Lei de Deus~ Por certa mentalidade contemporanea, a Lei de Deus e olhada como urn obst~culo a liberdade. Esquece-se uma verdade fundamental: ela corresDonde ao modo de ser do homem. s6 Deus, noroue 0 criou, pode dizer, tal como 0 sabio que constr6i uma maquina indica 0 seu funcionamento, as condi~oes em que 0 homem se pode desenvolver e alcansar a sua olenitude. A unica safda para sermos livres, para nos realizarmos, tambem humanamente , e observa-la com delica~a fidelidade. Curiosamente, 0 demonic nao mudou de tactica, desde ha milhares de anos para ca: "sere is como deus." A queda. Todoo pecado do homem comeca no seu interior. liEu porem, diqo-vos aue todo 0 que olhar uma mulher, cobicando-a, .i~ cometeu adulterio cornela no seu cora~ao." A desconfian~a, a desilusao acerca do Amor de Deus entrou no cora~ao de Eva e, com ela o Decado. 0 Decado e isso mesmo: urn des confiar de Que Deus nos queira tornar felizes. Parece-nos 0 contrario: oue semeou os caminhos da felicidade com os espinhos da Sua Lei. Conauistada a fortaleza do cora~ao humano, e facil ao demonic arrastar-nos a todas as loucuras. 0 pecado ~ desamor, infidelidade. Mais tarde, os profetas hao-de com· parar as infidelidades do Povo de Deus ao adulterio. A misericordia. Se 0 nosso cora~ao , anesar de endurecido nelo necado, se comove com 0 simnles qemido de um animal, como e aue Deus nao se ha-de comover com a infelicidade de cada urn de nos, que somos Seus fil hos? o pecado afasta-nos de, Deus, mas nao ' conseque afastar Deus de nos. E Ele 0 primeiro a procurar-nos. Esse remorso que nos fere como um espinho, essa saudade dos tempos em que viviamQs na fidelidade ao Senhor e ja 0 rumor dos Seus passos que nos procuram, a harmonia irresist{vel da Sua voz que nos chama. Deus vern recome)ar 0 dialoqo. Bas ta uma frase da nossa oarte, uma jaculat6ria e tudo recomesara.

THE ANCHORThurs., Dec, 8,







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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., Dec. 8, 1977

focus on youth ••• By Cecilia Belanger Last week I heard a· high school student say, "I don't drink, but, gee, when I attend things everybody's at me saying, 'Come on, have a drink, aw, come on!" He said it- was difficult for him as he does not want to get into the habit. So it means there are functions he can't attend. Others present felt as bad for him as I did. Here is someone struggling to live his life his way and his fellow students won't let him: Won't respect his wishes enough to leave him alone. This goes all the way up to adults as well. Adult: grown up, mature in age. What a laugh! Are people adults who have to drink in order to survive the day? Are people adult, mature who need to wach the degradation of others? Sometimes I think the real adults are the children and youth. Is it mature to be so preoccupied with sex as this nation is at the moment? Or is it immaturity? "FOR ADULTS ONLY." Are they adults who go to X-rated movies? Have they grown up? What is real adulthood? Isn't it what we call "growing?" One sees regression on every side. There are those who wish to grow, but there are others who would stop them. The weak wish to make others weak. They can't stand strength in their fellow beings. They make fun of it

and call it other names. These are adults? Yes, my heart breaks for young people trying to live clean, decent lives. Who believe in putting restraints on their emotions so that they don't run away with them. Who look for truth and honesty with others. Who don't want to escape into alcohol and drugs and sex or whatever is the "in" thing that happens to be going. Look at their pain, too. They are often alone, fighting a tough fight against great odds today. . It's still an anxious world out there. Every meeting I attend confirms this. A pall has fallen over the spirit of the American people. In his book, "An Inquiry into the Human Prospect," Robert Heilbroner suggests these reasons and others are responsiblefor this pall: - The explosion in street crime, bombings, bizarre airplane hijackings. These things have made a mockery of the television image of middle-class American gentility and brought home with terrible impact the recognition of barbarism hidden behind the superficial amenities of life. - The failure of the present middle-aged generation to pass along its values to its children. - Awareness that "rationality" has its limits with regard to the engineering of social change. - Awareness that the quality of life is deteriorating. - The inability of a civilization directed to material im-

PROVIDENCE, R.I. (NC) One of the problems with Catholic social action is that there are fewer poor Catholics than there used to be, according to a social activist. navid O'Brien, director of the institute for Peace and Justice at Stonehill College, told a conference on community organizing that Catholic activism grew out of the needs of Catholic people. Today, he said, Catholics are once-removed from activism, content to "kick in" money to bureaucratic and professional organizations outside the parish. "Catholic social action must regain its pastoral base," said O'Brien, ·one of the planners of last year's Detroit Call to Action conference. He spoke at a conference on community organizing, "Seminary of the Streets."

barbarism hidden behind the superficial amenities of life." provement to satisfy the human spirit. Given such debilitating anxiety and the hopelessness of many, the unmistakable fear which one finds in Heilbroner's analysis is that the most powerful social forces in present-day society may not be able to muster the moral will or create the

new social VISIOn necessary if the castrophic trends are to be reversed. We haven't been listening to to our own hearts and minds. We've had too many experts thrust upon us, doing our thinking for us. We have been "leaderless." We must be our own leaders. our diocesan schools Bishop F'eehan

Trudy Patch, and Patricia Brennan.

Sister Marialyn Riley, drama coach, and members of the theater classes and the Dramatic Arts Club at Bishop Feehan High in Attleboro, will attend a Drama Workshop at the Peabody Veterans' Memorial High School today. Sophomores cheerleaders for the coming season have been elected: Bonnie Gilmore, Mary Ellen Haney, Michelle Gasson, Shelley Jordan, Joanne Carvalho, Louise Pistocco, Denose Popeo, Marie Poirier, Carla Baptista,

Sudents in Sister Mary Ricarda's religion class will wrap gifts for four needy families as an Advent project, and will also send gifts to senior Sisters of Mercy at the Mt. St. Rita Health 'Centre, Cumberland, RI. and to senior citizens at Madonna Manor, North Attleboro. Recently members commemorated Key Club Week by celebrating a Eucharistic liturgy in the school chapel. Many family members and friends attended and a social hour followed.

The Feehan Women's Auxiliary will meet at 7:30 p.m. Monday, Dec. 12, in the religious education center. Paul O'Boy, vice principal and atheletic director, will discuss the athletic program and general discipline and Miss Karen Bigos, chairman of foreign languages, will discuss goals and activities of her department. There will be two special liturgies celebrated today, the feast of the Immaculate Conception, at 8:30 a.m. for freshmen and sophomores and at 10 a.m. for upper classmen.

IN A SWITCH of traditional recruiting methods, students at Espirito Santo School, Fall River, visit Bishop Stang High School, rather than having a school team come to them. Here they inspect the work of Stang art stu dents.


At 8 a.m. Saturday incoming freshmen will take a placement test. That evening, the student council will sponsor a Christmas dance in the cafeteria.

St. Anthony By Susan Oliveira The 67-member glee club of St. Anthony High School, New Bedford, directed by Brother Arthur Buckley, SS.CC., is preparing "Tinsel Tapestry," a Christmas concert to be heard at 7:30 p.m. Friday through Sunday, Dec. 16 through 18, in the school auditorium. Students have rehearsed twice ,a week since the beginning of school in September and have added Sunday rehearsals as the concert dates approach. In addition to the glee club, a Triple Trio, the Sophomore Folk Group and selected soloists and instrumentalists will be on the program. Music will include classics, contemporary compositions, old favorites and English rounds and folksongs. Set designs, scenery and general decor will be supervised by Glenn Davis, art instructor. Glee club officers are Celeste Gauthier, president; Susan Oliveira, vice-president; Larry Yergeau, treasurer. They note that concert tickets are available at the high school and from club members.

He noted that the U.S. Catholic Church has little experience in community building. There is a desire to "go back to the parish," he said, but building the local church is "very difficult to do from the top down." Harvey Cox, professor at Harvard Divinity School and author of "The Secular City," said many community organizers do not recognize that religion is "enormously important to poor people." "We don't have to press people into piety," he said. "but we must take seriously the ultimate religious experience with which people live. If we don't the religious symbols which should be symbols of liberation will be used and thought of as instruments of oppression." O'Brien commented on the resolutions passed by the Call to Action conference, and predicted that the impact of the 'conference is not going to be very great. But, he added, it was important because it gave laypeople a voice in the Chu~ch. Acknowledging that some of the conference's controversial proposals have been ciriticized by the hierarchy, he said, "If you want to bitch and say some bishops aren't Christians, fine - but you're not going to get very far. "If you want to change the Church," he said, " you'd better get some bodies, get some action, get some clout."

.. THE ANCHORDec. 8, 1977

Interscholastic Sports






Sue Kitchen Top Swimmer Fifteen-year-old sophomore Sue Kitchen of Durfee High School has been selected by the Eastern ~assachusetts Swimming Coaches Association as the girl high school swimmer of the year. She set a national high school record of 25.10 seconds in winning the 50-yard freestyle event in the Eastern Mass. Meet, an event which she also won in

the state meet. She finished second in the 100-yard freestyle in both meets. . Additionally, she anchored the Durfee 400-yard freestyle team to the Eastern Mass. and State championships. Her team mates were Ann Salois, Katie Hudner and Alison Smith. Their time for the 400 relay was 3:52.144.

Southies Widen Lead in Hockey Continuing their winning ways, the Fall River Southies made it nine in a row with a 4-1 victory over Westport-Dartmouth in a Bristol County Catholic Hockey League game in the Driscoll Rink, Fall River, last Sunday night. Runnerup New Bedford lost, 4-3, to Somerset but despite the loss retained its hold on second place. The victory boosted Somerset into third place. In the oUler game last Sunday night, Taunton pinned an 8-5 setback on Fall River North to gain

fourth place. Taunton and North were tied for fifth place before that game. South with 18 points now has an 8-point lead over New Bedford, which has 10 points. They are followed in the standings by Somerset 8 points Taunton 7, Westport-Dartmouth 6, FaH River North 5. Next Sunday night's triple header, starting at nine o'clock, lists Fall River North vs. Somerset, Fall River vs. New Bedford, and, Taunton vs. Westport-Dartmouth.

Turmoil Surrounds Durfee Grid Coach The situation was bound to surface. Simmering over the last few weeks of the football season, the pressures for a new football coach at Durfee High surfaced last week. Those pressures were met with counterpressures for the retention of John Sullivan as Durfee football mentor. The Hilltop coach has also found support from some members of his 1977 team. It appears that when interviewed in 1975 by the athletics subcommitte of the Fall River School Committee, Sullivan said that he needed three years to turn the football program at Durfee around. He was given such as-

surance. Abraham (Abe) White, subcommittee chairman, and outgoing committeeman Owen L. Eagan have said Sullivan should be allowed to finish out the three years. In some quarters of the School Committee knowledge of the three-year promise is denied. In a radio interview, White pointed out to what he said was an improvement in the Durfee football team since Sullivan took over as justification to keep the coach on. Barring earlier developments, not foreseen or. evident at this writing, the matter will likely be settled at the February meeting of the School Committee.

North Attleboro Dominates Hockomock All Stars North Attleboro High, which finished fifth, placed six players . on the Hockomock League's allstar football team. Champion Canton has four as does thirdplace Stoughton. Junior split end Mike Redding, junior wide receiver Don Johnson, senior linebacker Brian 'Patch, senior defensive end Bryan Van Leeuwen, senior defensive tackle John Rabuffo, and senior quarterback Carl Hebert are the North Attleboro selectees. Canton is represented by senior linebacker Kevin Brophy, junior center Bill Murphy, senior offensive tackle Joe McPherson, and, senior quarterback Mike Uliano while Stoughton's delegation on the all-star team is


senior defensive back Steve Moriarty, senior defensive end Wiliam Cotter, senior guard John Wells and senior noseguard Paul Freeman. Others on the stellar aggregation are junior defensive back John Lewicki, and junior running back Robert Leverone, King Philip; senior defensive end Chris Gonsalves, senior offensive tackle Joe Nett and senior defensive tackle Steve Lively, Mansfield; junior runningback Mike Moorshead and senior quarterback-defensive back Ken Goodwin, Foxboro; senior running back Dave Socci and senior linebacker Peter Eliason, Franklin; senior linebacker Paul Ivanoski, Oliver Ames; senior offensive guard Keith Quenzel, Sharon.


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OLD, POOR: Bertha Brincil, 84, recalls her life in "These Golden Years," a documentary on how working class poor grow old in America, to be seen Tuesday, Dec. 13 on PBS channels. (NC Photo)


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TV, Movie News "An~ Man, Another Chance" (United Artists): French Director Claude Lelouch has tried his hand at a Western. James Caan is a widowed veterinarian who falls in love with a charming .and self-possessed widow, Genevieve Bujold. Emphasis is upon characterization and the picture is quite entertaining but perhaps too slow-paced for some viewers. Some brief violence, including a rape sequence, make it mature viewing fare. Adults only. "Semi-Tough" (United Art路 ists): Despite fine performances by Burt Reynolds and Jill Clayburgh, this adaptation of the best-selling satirical novel about pro football suffers from lack of focus. It attempts to satirize some of the moral failings of contemporary America, but, goes in several different directions at once, often turning quite nasty and reying for humor on foul language and nudity. Condemned. ''The World's Greatest Lover" (Fox): Gene Wilder's new com路 edy is about a hapless oaf who goes to Hollywood in the '20s hoping to win a studio-sponsored world's greatest lover contest. A boring film whose tastelessness rules it out for younger viewers. Adults only. "Close Encounters of the Third Kind" (Columbia): Richard Dreyfuss stars in this film as Ronnie Neary, a power company technician who is sent to investigate an inexplicable blackout. He meets a little boy whose toys have come to life. The two then encounter aliens from another world and most of the movie is devoted to their efforts to meet them again. Although acting and directing are not outstanding, the final 35 minutes of the film, boasting some of the most daZZling special effects ever put on film, are worth the admission cost. For adults and adolescents. On Television Friday, Dee. 9, 9 p.rn. (CBS), "White Lightning" (1973) Burt Reynolds and Ned Beatty star in a drama about a former

convict who works among bootleggers as an undercover agent. A routine adventure film with some violence. Adults only. Saturday, Dee. 10, 9 p.m. (NBC), "W. C. Fields and Me" (1976) - This movie distorts the truth shamelessly and has a tone of leering vulgarity. Objectionable in part. Sunday, Dee. 11,5 p.m. (NBC), "Francls of Asslsi: A Search for the Man and His Meaning" This beautiful program presents the still largely untouched italian countryside where Francis lived, explores what is known of him historically and examines his relevance for today. Tuesday, Dee. 13,8 p.m. (PBS), "Hawaii Revisited" James Michener is host for this study of the magic land of Hawaii. Dee. 14, 9 p.m. (CBS), "The Next Man" (1978) - Sean Connery plays a visionary Arab diplomat who is stalked by assassin Cornelia Sharpe. A mediocre film, it is also marred by excessive violence and unsavory sexual overtones. Objectionable in part for all.

Prelates To See Abp. Lefebvre ROME (NC) - Two German cardinals are to visit dissident traditionalist Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre at his seminary in Econe, Switzerland, on Dec. 20, the archbishop told a Rome newspaper. He said he was to meet with Cardinal Joseph Hoeffner of Cologne and Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger of Munich. "I hope," he said, "that it may serve to clarify the situation, and that finally I may be permitted to ordain good priests in my seminaries. "The teaching that I impart to the seminarians is not contrary to the doctrine of the Church, as one would have you believe. And the proof is the constant .increase of vocations."

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The Parish Parade Publicity chairmen of parish organizations .re asked to submit news Items for this column to The Anchor. P. O. Box 7. F.II River. 02722. Name of city or town should be Included. as well as full d.tes of .11 Ictlvltles. Please send news of future rather than past events. Note: the same news Item can be used only once. Plelse do not request th.t we repeat .n IMouncemelll several times.

ST. MARY, MANSFIELD The Catholic Women's Club will hold a meeting for members only at 7:30 tonight in the church hali and will hear selections from the Mansfield High School Choir. A buffet will be served and smaligifts exchanged. Members are also asked to make a smali donation to the St. Vincent de Paul Society.


Due to space limitations, effective with our issue of Thursday, Jan. 5, 1978, we will no longer carry news of fundraising activities in the Parish Parade column. This includes bingos, dances, suppers, bazaars and other profit-making events. We wiD continue to carry notices of spiritual programs, club meetings, youth projects and similar nonprofit activities. Fundraising projects may of course be advertised at our regular rates. This is a poliey in effect at many diocesan newspapers to the satisfaction of both readers and advertisers.

ST. MARY, NEW BEDFORD Red Cross instructor Ed Caron will introduce a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at the Couples' Club meeting scheduled for 8 p.m. Sunday, Dec. 11 in the school cafeteria. Area residents are invited to attend. ST. LOUIS, FALL RIVER Ali are invited to the monthly meeting of the Third Order of St. Francis to begin at 6:30 p.m. Wednesday, Dec. 14 with a theme Mass, "Jesus, the Christchild," and to continue with a session in the church hall.

Twenty- Third Annual


This Message Sponsored by the Following Business Concerns in the Diocese of Fall River DURO FINISHING CORP. THE EXTERMINATOR CO. FAU. RIVER TRAVEL BUREAU



A Christmas musicale presented by the New Bedford High School Bellringers and Chorus will highlight the Ladies' Guild meeting at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday, Dec. 14 in the parish hall.. A buffet will be served and guests are welcome for a small admission charge. ST. ANNE, FALL RIVER The St. Anne Fellowship will meet Thursday, Dec. 15 at LaSalette Shrine, Attleboro, where Father Gilles Genest will preside at a special service. The Board of Education will meet at 7:30 p.m. Monday, Dec. 12 in the rectory. Steven Dias, a third grade pupil at St. Anne's School, will play the part of Tiny Tim in a production of Charles Dickens' "A Christmas Carol," to be of~ered at the school by the Green Mountain Guild's Theatre for Children at 1 p.m. Tuesday, Dec. 13. HOLY NAME, FALL RIVER The Women's Guild will sponsor a production of "Finian's Rainbow" in Atiril. Tryouts for parishioners interested in participating will be held at 8 p.m. Tuesday and Wednesday, Dec. 13 and 14, in the school hall. An Advent Choral Evensong will take place at 7:30 p.m. Sunday Dec. 18 in the church, with the program consisting of selections from Handel's Messiah, scripture lessons and antiphonal prayer. Also on Dec. 18, at 1:30 p.m. the monthly prayer service for ministers of intercessory prayer will be held. The annual parish family Advent penance service will be at 7:30 p.m. Monday, Dec. 19. The Vocalaires and the Serenaders of Durfee High School, directed by Mrs. Irene Monte and Mrs. Eleanor Lindquist, will present a concert of ChristJ!las music for the Leisure Group at 2 p.m. Thursday, Dec. 15 in the parish hall. A coffee hour will follow. . ST. THOMAS MORE, SOMERSET The Women's Guild will hold a potluck supper at 7 tonight, followed by a Yankee Swap and collection of gifts to be distributed to shut-ins. The second session of the High School of Religion will be held this Sunday, beginning with 6 p.m. Mass and followed by a program, "How Moral am I?" including a speaker, film and discussion groups. ST. JOSEPH, AlTLEBORO The combined choirs will hold a Christmas concert at 8 p.m. Saturday, Dec. 10 in the church. Refreshments will follow. Canned goods for Christmas distribution wm be brought to the altar at the offertory of each Mass this weekend. HOLY TRINITY, WEST HARWICH The Couples' Club announces its annual Christmas Carol Dance from 8:30 to 11:30 p.m.. Satur-. day, Dec. 10 in the parish hall. Music will be by Les Nickerson, refreshments will be served and a door prize will be awarded. Reservations may be telephoned to 432-0247.

OUR LADY OF ANGELS, FALL RIVER A second collection Sunday, Dec. 18 will defray costs of Christmas decorations for the church. A malassada supper and dance are planned for Saturday, Feb. 4. Also in February a Portuguese mission will be preached from the 12th through the 17th, and altar boys will sponsor a penny sale at 1 p.m. Sunday, the 12th, at the parish hall. ST. STANISLAUS, FALL RIVER The 10:30 a.m. Mass this Sunday is offered for the intentions of all parishioners as a gift from the Women's Guild. A brunch will follow the liturgy at which Walter and Dora Sokoll will speak on "Cp.rtain Things That Should Be Said." A {,me-day bus trip to New York will leave at 6 a.m. Saturday from the church. Vincentians will meet Wednesday, Dec. 14. Parishioners will offer Sunday, Dec. 18 as a day of prayer for BisFaop Cronin to mark his 25th anniversary of priestly ordination. SSe PETER AND PAUL, FALL RIVER The Women's Club will hold a public whist at 1:30 p.m. Sunday, Dec. 11 in Father Coady Center. Hostesses are Mrs. Arthur Duffy, Mrs. Noel Harrison and Mrs. Darrell Lecy. Meetings for the coming week include the SIGN group at 7 p.m. Sunday; Administration Committee at 7:30 p.m. Monday; CYO executive board at 2:30 p.m. Tuesday. The Home and School Christmas party will take place at 7 p.m. Tuesday at Oak Manor and the Women's Club will celebrate at 7 p.m. next Thursday at Venus de Milo restaurant. NOTRE DAME, FALL RIVER The Council of Catholic Women will hold its Christmas party Monday, Dec. 12 at Gagnon's Chalet House, North Westport. A sing-along session will feature "Claudia at the piano." SACRED HEART, FALL RIVER The TACT youth group will meet at 7:30 tonight. in the parish center to finalize plans for Christmas activities. Members will hold a Christmas sale at the church doors following all Masses this weekend.

Decision Asked WASHINGTON (NC) - The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) has asked the U.S. Supreme Court to decide whether the constitutional principle of church-state separation prohibits it from applying the federal labor act to Catholic schools. The action means that the high court, if it agrees to hear the case, could decide as early as next spring whether more than 100,000 lay teachers in nearly 10,000 Catholic elementary and secondary schools are covered by the union representation and unfair labor practice provisions of the National Labor Relations Act.


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