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t eanc 0 VOL. 21, NO. 38



p·ope ·Paul VI Is H'onored AI Age 80

Pro-Life, Anti-ERA· Women Decry IWY WASHINGTON (NC) - More than 60 women from 39 states and the District of Columbia testified last week about what one witness called the "anti God, antifamily, anticountry" . International Women's Year (IWY) state conferences held earlier this year. . The women, all strongIY!1ntiEqual Rights Amendment (ERA) and/or strongly pro-life, appeared before an unofficial ad hoc commission on the IWY observance, headed by Sen. Jesse Helms (R- N.C.). Many called on Congress to cancel a planned Nov. 18-21 national IWY conference in Houston, saying that because of manipulation of state


conventions, the delegates selected to attend the national gathering are unrepresentative of American women. In an opening statement on the second day of the hearings, Helms said the first day's testimony had shown "what appears to be a widespread pattern of discrimination by IWY and its state affiliates against those women who do not agree with what can only be 'described as narrow and negative ideology and partisan biases of the lWY organizers." Among witnesses was Mary Schmitz, chairman of California's IWY review committee ,who Turn to Page Seven

Study Hits Reliance

On Schools for Morality WASHINGTON (NC) - The tendency to shift responsibility for moral education from family church and community to the school is a "somewhat alarming trend in American society," according to a new study on "Moral Education and Christian Conscience" published by the Education Department U.S. Catholic Conference (USCe). Although schools do have a role in moral education, the study says, "that role should be defined in terms of the limitations of educational systems and the scale of priorities which place the family, church and community before the school in forming the values and consciences of young people." The study also says that when public school programs of moral education are "destructive of Christian moral education," as when birth control and abortion are presented as solutions to overpopulation, Catholic parents should seek to have them revised and, failing that, should have their children excused. Discussing increasing reliance on schools to provide moral education, it says: "The lack of acceptance of traditional moral values and the evidence of an increase in overt anti-social behavior among young people have been diagnosed popularly by parents and educators alike as problems which can and should be remedied by educational programs. "Because these symptoms are often most important in the schools, so the disease and the cure are also assumed to rest with the school," says the study,

which adds that "such an oversimplified approach is both misleading and, in the long run, ineffectual." 'But the document does acknowledge a place for moral education in schools and in out-ofschool education and offers "general guidelines, both theor~ etical and practical" to help Catholic educators plan programs in this area. The study adds: "For Christians, churchsponsored moral education programs have clear advantages" over programs in public schools because they can be "directed to Gospel values."

Set College Fair At Stonehill Stonehill ,College, North Easton, and the New England Assn. of College Admissions Counselors will co-sponsor a college fair Thursday, Oct. 13. Expected to draw up to 5000 students from area high schols, the program will be offered from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. and from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. in the Stonehill gymnasium. It will bring together representatives of 150 New England public and private colleges who will answer questions about their institutions' curriculums, activities and financial aid programs. Cooperating high schools will release or bus students to the morning session of the fair or will encourage them to attend the evening session with their parents. Stonehill College is 20 miles south of ~oston, just off the Route 123 exit on Route 24.

lSe, $5 Per Year

Reaction Is Bitter To ,Dukakis Veto Pro-life forces received. setbacks this week in their continuing struggle to uphold the sanctity of all life, as the Massachusetts Senate upheld Governor Dukakis' veto of the DoyleFlynn bill to bar use of Medicaid funds for abortions. The vote was 22 to J 7 to override the veto, a simple majority, but short of the two-thirds needed by law. All area senators voted as they had previously, and as reported in last week's Anchor, with only Democrat Robert E. McCarthy favoring abortion funding. His district includes Lakeville, Mansfield. and Norton in the Fall River diocese. . Diocesan reaction to the Dukakis veto was bitter, with many vowing that his action would not be forgotten in heavily Catholic Southeastern Massachusetts when he makes his expected bid for re-election. On the same day the governor's veto was sustained, members of the Seekonk Representative Town Meeting (RTM) overwhelmingly approved a nonbinding resolution opposing proposed establishment of an abortion clinic in the town. . The matter had aroused intense feeling in the small community since it 'was made public some months ago, but an attempt to pass a zoning amen-

ment that would have prohibited such clinics came to a halt when the State Supreme Judicial Court ruled adversely in a similar situation in Southboro. In Southboro, clinic backers have announced that they will open ali abortion clinic "as soon as we are able," ,while in Seekonk, Dr. Charles Mandell, the only clinic planner there whose name has been made public, said he intends to go ahead with the facility but has not made a final decision as to whether it will be located in Seekonk or another area town.

American Sister Is Denied Bail PITTSBURGH (NC) - "We are praying harder than ever now," commented Mr. and Mrs. Paul' McLaughlin of Pittsburgh, parents of a Maryknoll nun ordered held for trial in Rhodesia on charges of violating the African country's security laws. The parents had been confident their daughter, Sister Janice McLaughlin, would be granted bail at a magistrate's hearing but it was denied on grounds that she is "clearly a grave security risk." They stated that "the priests Tum to 'Page Seven

Honoring the 80th birthday of Pope Paul VI on Monday, Sept. 26, Bishop Daniel A. Cronin will be principal celebrant of a Mass of Thanksgiving at 5 p.m. Sunday at St. Mary's Cathedral, Fall River. All priests of the diocese have been invited to concelebrate the liturgy and it is expected that laity representing every parish will be in attendance. At the conclusion of the Mass 'Bishop Cronin will take the opportunity. to exchange greetings with all present. The celebration will also offer the opportunity to make formal recognition of the papal honor bestowed upon Msgr. John J. Oliveira who last June was named a Chaplain of Honor to Pope Paul. A brief ceremony will follow the Eucharistic liturgy at which the formal document from the Holy See naming JI.1sgr. Oliveira to his present rank will be presented to him. Following the rites a reception will be held in the cathedral school for all members of the congregation and the family and friends of Msgr. Oliveira will be guests of honor of the St. Mary's Cathedral Council of Catholic Women.

Deacon Classes Get Underway On Tuesday of this week the formal training program for the first class of prospective candidates for the Permanent Dia-· conate got under way at Bishop Stang High School in Dartmouth. On Tuesday and Thursday even· ings for the next 12 weeks the 18 candidates and their wives will once more begin the adjustment of returning to the classroom. The central theme of the first semester is "Building Diaconal Community." On Tuesday evening the mechanics of community will be undertaken and discussed by various instructors, while on Thursday evening the spirituality of community will be the subject of a series given by Father Robert Kaszynski, president pro tern of the newly formed Priests' Council. At the end of the semester, there will be a formal retreat for candidates by Father Giles Genest at the La Salette Center of Christian ·Living. This fetreat will be preparation for the formal call to candidacy that must be Tum to Page Seven


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Sept. 22, 1977

ill People.Places.Events-NC News Briefs ill Pregnancy Benefits

End Hunger Strike

Catholec Role

Taiwan Aid Asked

WASHINGTON The Senate has voted to require employers to include pregnancy benefits in any workers' disability plans they offer. The legislation, if enacted by the House, would overcome the effects of a controversial December, 1976, Supreme Court ruling, in which the court said that disability plans not offering pregnancy benefits do not, of themselves, discriminate against women.

WASHINGTO~ - Members and supporters of the Texas Far:m Workers Union (TFWU) ended a four-day hunger strike in front of the White House after meeting with Vice President Walter Mondale. The farmworkers began the strike to 'press their demand for a meeting with President Jimmy Carter.

NEW YORK - U.S. Catholics' should play a greater role in shaping public policy and serving in government jobs, Archbishop Jean Jadot, apostolic delegate in the United States, told the 63rd annual meeting of the National Conference of Catholic Charities in New York. In particular, he said, Catholics should work to rebuild a sense of community in American life.

WASHINGTON - Cardinal Paul Yupin, exiled archbishop of Nanking, China, and a vigorous opponent of world Communism, has asked the U.S. bishops for their help "that the United States will not abandon Taiwan." The Chinese prelate said in a letter sent to every U.S. bishop that U.S. abandonment of Taiwan "would eventually, perhaps very soon, also destroy the United States as a free nation."

. Rap PoHsh Leaders ROME - The Polish bishops have 'sharply attacked the use made of the mass media in Poland and appealed to Poland's Communist government torecognize the Church's right to use the media to communicate its message. The text of the bishops' joint pastoral letter on social communications was released by the Polish bishops' press office in Rome as it was made public in Poland this week.

PASS Plan NEW YORK - Gov. Hugh Carey of New York has offered a new twist to the question of government supp~rt for education. He suggested the creation of a special savings account for education modeled after the Keogh retirement trust account plan. Carey calls it PASS - parents and students savings :;>lan.

Blames South Africa GENEVA, Switzerland .:.... The head of the World Council of Churches (WCe) has blamed South African authorities for the death of Steve Biko, saying the leader of the country's black consciousness movement was unofficially "put to death." In a statement issued after Biko died last week in police custody in a Pretoria prison, the Rev. Dr. Philip Potter, wee general secretary, said "the circumstances of Mr. Biko's death leave the South African authorities with the responsibility for silencing one of their country's strongest voices for nonviolent change."

Cardinal Recc)vering ROME - Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski of Warsaw, 76, primate of Poland, is in good condition after a successful liver operation in Warsaw, nccording to a Rome spokesman for the Polish bishops.

Scores Sting iness MEMPHIS - Father Albert Kirk has warned that until parishes stop being stingy in the allocation of "attention, money and personnel" to their "out-ofschool" religious education programs, teenagers are going to continue to ignore the classes in wholesale lots. He is Memphis diocesan director of religious education.

Right on T'ime NAPLES, Italy - A solid substance believed to be the blood of fourth-century bishop and martyr St: Januarius liquefied on schedule Monday, the saint's feastday. The vial, kept in an ornate chapel in Naples' 13th-century cathedral, is the center of attention three times a year, in September, December and May, when the blood is scheduled to liquefy. Failure of' the miracle to occur is viewed as a bad omen.

Must Challenge Marxism ROME - A leading Italian churchman and intellectual has said that Catholics have the duty to challenge Marxists hea~-on concerning their "inadequate and partial" vision of' life and death. Jesuit Father Bartolomeo Sorge, director of the authoritative forthnightly Civilta Cattolico, said that historically Marxism has increased domination of man over man rather than spread human equality.

AT MASS MARKING 75th anniversary of St. Francis Xavier parish, Hyannis, are, from left, Msgr. William D. Thomson, pastor; Bishop Daniel A. Cronin, principal concelebrant arid homilist; Msgr. John J. Oliveira, vice-chancellor. Right, after blessing new flagpole, Bishop re-

F'inally Did It LONDON - Catholic Archbishop Michael Bowen of Southwark, who was roundly criticized in the Catholic press in August for not participating in a march against racism, led a march against racism through South London Sept. 10.

Charges Dismissed NEW YORK - The National News Council a non-profit agency' which .handles public complaints about inaccuracy and unfairness in journalism, has dismissed two separate charges of unfair reporting related to the March for Life in Washington, D.C., last January.

Milwaukee Archbishop VAl'ICAN CITY - Pope Paul VI has named Abbot Rembert Weakland, abbot primate of the 10,OOO-member Benedictine confederation and a native of Patton, Pa., archbishop of Milwaukee. Abbot Weakland, 50, succeeds Archbishop William Cousins in Milwaukee. Archbishop Cousins submitted his resignation to Pope Paul in August when he reached age 75, the advised retirement age for bishops.

Jesuit Commended WASHINGTON - The Administrative , Board of the U.S. Catholic Conference (USCe) has commended Jesuit Father Patrick J. O'Sullivan, associate secre路 tary for film a~d broadcasting in the USCC Communication Department, for "20 signal years of dedication to the Church."

u.S. Can Do Little VATICAN CITY The Vatican's weekly magazine has acknowledged that Communist parties in Italy, France and Spain may soon participate in their governments and said the United States can do little about it. The editorial in L'Osservatore della oDomenica noted several recent signs of improved relations between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Child Labor QUITO, Ecuador - Childhood, as Americans know it, is entirely different for most Third World children. Children in Ecuador are expected to work almost as soon as they can walk. In Quito, 6,000 boys and young men aged four to 20 shine shoes to eke out a meager living. IBut shoeshine boys in Quito have somewhere to turn, the Working Boys' Center, founded in 1964 by a Jesuit priest from the Bronx, Father John Halligan. Today, Father Halligan operates the. center with the help of a nun, four Peace Corps volunteers, and an Ecuadorean staff of 40.

Fourth Door VATICAN CITY - On Sept. 26 in honor of the 80th birthday of Pope Paul VI, the fourth bronze door of .the Basilica of St. Peter, a work of the Italian sculptor Luciano Minguzzi, will be dedicated. The new door is seven meters and 40 centimeters high and four meters and 10 centimeters wide. It weighs 12,000 pounds.

ceives folded flag just lowe'red by color guard from Hyannis Veterans of Foreign Wars, as Falmouth Knights of Columbus form guard of honor. Directly behind bishop is flagpole donor, John Nugent. Other anniversary observances will include a ball and picnic this weekend.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Sept. 22, 1977

Carter's Rating With Catholics Shows Drop NEW YORK (NC) - President Jimmy Carter's approval rating with Catholics dropped 11 points in August, according to a Louis Harris poll. 'Catholics gave Carter's overall performance a 61-37 positive rating in July, but only a 50-47 per cent approval rating in August. The survey was taken the week of Aug. 13-20. Carter's overall approval rating in the same period dropped from 59-37 to 52-44 positive. But Carter still received high, though slipping, marks for instilling confidence -in the White House. He received a 59-35 overall rating, down from 65-30. Catholics gave Carter a 59-35 percent positive rating on instilling confidence. Carter scored low in all religious groups for his handling of the Bert Lance affair. Lance, a long-time friend of Carter and director of the Office of Management and Budget, has been accused of a number of financial improprieties. Carter's overall rating on his handling of the Lance affair was 40-33 negative. It was 45-32 negative among Catholics, 39-23 negative among Jews and 40-33 negative among Protestants. A Harris spokesman said more detailed figures on public attitudes toward Carter's handling of economic issues and unemployment will be released shortly. ,


Soap Opponents List Sponsors The "NO SOAP" Coalition has issued the following list of products and companies who advertised on the first episode of ABC-TV's "SOAP," Sept. 13. The coalition is asking viewers who found the program objectionable to write to the companies, informing them that they do not intend to buy their products. The list follows: - English Leather; Chairman Stephan H. Mayer, North Union Street, Northvale, N.J. 07647. - Vlasle Pickles; Robert VIaslc, 2212 Fisher Bldg., Detroit, Mleh. 48202. - Maxi Fragrance; David J. Mahoney, chairman, Norton SImon Co., 277 Park Ave., New York, N.Y. 10017. - Bic Razors; Chairman Marcel L. Bisch, Ble Pen Corp., Wiley Street, Milford, Conn. 06460. - Lee 011 Filters; Harvey A. Braun, president, Filter DynamIcs International, 18051 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio 44112. - Jovan Cologne; President Bernard A. Mitchell, Jovan, Inc., 875 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IlL 60611. (9-19-77)

Cooperation in Indio ROME (NC) - Indian Cardinal Lawrence Picachy of Calcutta and leaders of other Christian minorities in the state of West Bengal have promised to form part of a "united front" for social change with the state's new Marxist chief minister, Shri Jyoti Basu.

the movies before the children do! II am sure there are many parents who would appreciate a column of movie recommendations, no matter how brief, or a list of those PG's that are really poor, or vice versa. Just a. thought from a rapidly aging parent of four. Mrs. B. 'P. Norton New Bedford Note: In response to this and other requests, The Anchor will shortly begin a regular listing of film ratings.

Anti-Soap ~

.. f'"



NEW PRIEST: Father Herve Vanasse, right, among first permanent deacons in the United States to become a priest, with his nephew, transitional deacon Rev. Mr. Bernard Vanasse, following Mass of thanksgiving celebrated by new priest at his native parish, Sacred Heart, New Bedford. Father Vanasse, formerly a permanent deacon in archdiocese of Seattle, Wash., where he was ordained earlier this month, began studies for priesthood after the death of his wife. He has two daughters, seven grandchildren.


Letters to the editor

letters are welcomed, but should be no more than 200 words. The editor reserves the right to condense or edit, If deemed , nllcessary•. All Jetters.· must be signed· and.·· Inc-Iude a home or business address. .


ShaUWe Change? Dear Readers: Due to space limitations, we are considering condensing the Parish Parade column, listing only dates and places of parish happenings. We would like reader input on this: do you want to keep the column as it is, or would you vote for condensation? Please let us know! Father John Moore Editor

·Why Keep Her? Dear Editor: Two points. After reading your editorial about Father Drinan, and being confused about the matter for a long time, we wrote to him. He answered saying, "I have never voted, as your kind letter puts it, 'pro-abortion.''' Has he or hasn't he? Why do you keep Mary Carson as a columnist? The previous editor admitted her theology had much to be desired, many were disenchanted and complained when she wrote she was on the pill, still went to Communion and didn't agree with the Pope on the matter, and now in this week's column she's talking against the Pope and Humanae Vitae again! We don't care what she does or thinks, but why do you publish it in our nice Catholic paper we look up to for confirmation in our faith? Catherine Mack . Nantucket


Nurses Commend .'


Dear Editor: The August 18th issue of The Anchor had an article on Dirty Soap, warning the readers that A'BC is scheduled to televise the program. The Twin Circle, another Catholic weekly, also carried an article on this morally offensive program. They went on to urge the public to do their part to stop this series from being televised. When asked what can be done about this Morality in Media suggested the following: 1. Write a card or letter and telephone each week to the president or general manager of your local ABC-TV affiliate station, asking him. not to air the program in your area. 2. Write also to Frederick S. Pierce, President ABC Televi:sion, 1330 Ave. of the Americas, New York, N.Y. 10019. In closing, I suggest we join the campaign to keep "Soap" off of TV and out of our homes. .. Godan'd Our Lady Bless You! Alice Beaulieu New Bedford

Dear Editor: . . The members of the Diocesan Council of Catholic Nurses wish to commend The Anchor for its forthright support and clear presentation of Pro-Life issues especially concerning the Doyle/ Flynn bill which would prohibit the use of state Medicaid funds A one-session natural family for abortions. planning course open to indivThe Catholic Nurses also wish iduals or couples will be offered to express their gratitude to the from 7 to 9:30 p.m. Monday senators and representatives of Sept. 26 at ,La Salette Shrine, the Massachusetts General Court Attleboro. Total cost for the who voted for this bill and their program is $10, payable $5 as strong disapproval of the bill's a registration fee and $5 on veto by the Governor of the Sept. 26. Commonwealth, and any legisAdvance registration is relative support of the veto. quested and should be sent to Mrs. Pauline L'Heureux, care of Diane Cote, R.N. the shrine, Attleboro 02723. 'Diocesan Council Presi. Further information on the prodent gram, which is held monthly, Ruth E. Hurley, R.N. New England Councils and is conducted in cooperation with St. Anne's Hospital, Fall President River, is available from her at telephone 336-6349.

Natural Family Pla.nning Course

Two Comments

Dear Editor: May I take this opportunity to tell you that my husband and I enjoy our weekly Anchor. However, may I make two comments: 1. There is not much to draw the interest of our children, the three oldest being 14, 13 and 12. I am not sure how to make The Anchor more attractive to the younger people, but II know right now they give it a quick glance and check out "Life in Music." 2. As a parent whose youngsters are beginning to request permission to attend PG movies, I find it very difficult to determine which PG is OK and which is not. I have read reviews in popular magazines but even they vary widely. I can't attend all


Vocation Series For Area Youth St. John's Seminary, Brighton, attended by many candidates for the priesthood from the Fall River diocese, will present a series of Vocation Awareness programs for young men during the coming academic year. Students at the Seminary College of Liberal Arts will conduct an open house for high school juniors and seniors on Sunday, December 11, and a weekend retreat at the seminary March 17 to 19. Students at the school of theology will conduct the school's annual tWO-day program on the priesthood and seminary life for students of college age or recent college graduates, on Thursday and Friday, April 13 and 14. This 24-hour program offers participation in an ordinary day at the seminary. Men who have participated in . previous vocation programs will be invited to attend bimonthly Sundays of recollection at the seminary during the coming year. Additional information concerning any of these programs or on the diocesan priesthood can be had by writing the Vocation Information Center, St. John's Seminary, 197 Foster Street, Brighton, Mass. 02135; or by calling Father Paul T. Walsh, telephone 254-2610. Vocation director for the Fall River diocese is Father John J. Smith, St. John the Evangelist Church, 155 N. Main St., Attleboro 02703, telephone 222·1206.

Joint Task Force MEMPHIS, Tenn. (NC) Catholic and black Christian Methodi~t Episcopal clergy of western Tennessee have established a joint task force on reconciliation that could have international unity ramifications across color as well as denominational lines.


Call 823-1481

Birthright of Grealer Taunton FALL TRAINING PROGRAM Registration For The Fall Training Program Will Be Held At The Birthright OHice, 93 Washin~ton St. (Across From The Hospital) on Monday Thru Thursday 10:00 • 11 :30 A.M. And Monday and Wednesday Evenings 7:00 • 9:00 P.M.

S.EPTEMBER 26, 27, 28 AND 29 The Program Is For Anyone Who Is Interested In Becoming a Birthright Volunteer.



THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Sept. 22, 1977


themoori~ Our Next Ex-Governor?

To all who love life, recent events in our General Court have been most disappointing. Despite the pleas of millions of citizens in this state, the taxpayers will continue to see their hard-earned dollars used for murder. Much of the ;~esponsibility for this pall of death that permeates the halls of Beacon Hill belongs to Governor Dukakis. His single-minded resolve that the state should persist in its support of abortion on demand certainly was the major reason why efforts to defeat pro-abortion legislation were unsuccessful at this time. One senator openly stated that support of the governor was the major reason for his pro-abortion vote. It is quite ob~ious from the turn of events that have kept the General Court spinning like a top this past week that the governor Exercised the unique powers of his office to achieve a political end, namely the sustaining power of his veto. There can be little doubt that the power of Mr. Dukakis was decisive in determining that the citizens of this state must continue to fund abortions even though' a vast majority are opposed to such action.

As governor of this state, our chief elected official has ignored the pleas of his constituents with disdain and scorn. His argument of political defense in this matter is that he is attemping to uphold the rights of the poor. This is deception. What he is actually doing is attempting to justify his own views by preying upon the sympathies of the poor. He refuses to accept the concept that the basic problem of the poor is not children but poverty. What Governor Dukakis really should be doing is helping the less fortunate Citizens of this Commonwealth to find decent jobs while at the same time upholding their human dignity. Why does he refuse to see that he, strips the poor man and woman of all human dignity by using them as an excuse for his abortion policies? Mr. Dukakis has become the chief proponent of abortion in the Commonwealth. As such, he does not deserve the support of any citizen of this state who believes in the right to life. Nor should he get it. It should be made quite clear to the governor that his is not the end of the war on the merchants of death. The fact that the anti- abortion forces have lost a battle does not me'an that the struggle to uphold decency and dignity is over. A new phase now begins. First and foremost, we must remember that election time for our state officials is only around the corner. We should not forget those wonderful legislators who have done their very best against such overwhelming odds to uphold the rights of the unborn. At the same time, all of us should keep a little list where a name will not be missed of those elected officials who have opposed their constituents in this matter. Right to life groups should band together with firm purpose and decisive will to ensure that such elected officials will not be given another opportunity of mis-representation. On our part, this paper will continue to urge our readers to be active and vocal in the anti-abortion movement. We will continue to urge the repeal of tax' funding for abortions. We will continue to be outspoken and to print the voting records of those men and women who have been given the responsibility of representing us in our state government. When election time rolls around, be sure that a box . score will be offered to indicate how these people have voted on the abortion issue, a singular item, to be sure, but one which in twth is a life and death issue. As far as our chief executive of the Commonwealth is concerned, we serve special notice that the readers of this part of the Catholic press will be constantly reminded of his adamant support of those forces that would not only deny the right to life but also make a mockery of the poor as political scapegoats.,editation . A group of Christians . . . engage in animated conversation . . . as they share a snack . . . and their reactions to a magazine article. Their faces reveal . . . a mutual respect . . . a willingness to listen . . . as well as to share their ideas and feelings . . . a sense of trust . . . Honest dialogue like that . . . is at the heart of the Church's vitality ... Each member ... as St. Paul teaches (1 Corinthians 12; 1-29) ... is uniquely gifted ... graced by the Holy Spirit ... with something special . . . to share with the community . . . as it mov,es through life's ever mysterious ways ... attempting to discern signs of God's guiding presence. As a pilgrim people . . . the Church is called to stand forth . . . "as a sign of that brotherliness . . . which allows honest dialogue . . . and invigorates it." (Vatican Council II, "Church in World, #92)

_:===========;=====1 The Food-,Energy ,Link '.

. By Jim Castelli

WASHINGTON (NC) -Everyone knows that you must eat to live. Hut few people think of eating as energy consumption in the sense they've come to think of driving "gas-guzzlers" as energy consumption. Food and energy, however, are inextricably linked and energy shortages threaten the world's food supply. According to Gerald Connolly, executive director of the American Freedom From Hunger Foundation, "Our food system, from agricultural production through processing and packaging for retail sale to home consumption and waste disposal, is a 'gas-guzzling' system." The foundation, which is sponsoring a Week of Concern for World Hunger, Sept. 18-25, offers these statistics as evidence: -- Agriculture Secretary Bob Bergland says 15 calories of en·

! •



• -


ergy are required throughout theAinerican food system for every calorie of food energy consumed. - If the rest of the world used as much energy as the United States to produce food, 80 percent of the world's energy would be needed, according to a report by World watch, a Washington research organization. - More than 15 percent of all U.S. energy is used in the food system, but only about one· fifth of that is used in agriculture. The rest is consumed in transporta:tion, processing, marketing, storage and home food prep\lration. - Total grain and livestock production consumes only 1.1 percent of all U.S. energy, but food processing consumes 4.8 percent. In agriculture, the foundation explains, land, labor and energy are largely interchangable. En'ergy - in the form of fertilizer, pesticides and power for irrigation - can replace both labor and land.

the ancho.(S)


Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 410 Highland Avenue Fall River Mass. 02722 675-7151 PUBLISHER Most Rev. Daniel A. Cronin, D.O., SJ.D.



Rev. John F. Moore, M,A.

Rev. Msgr. John 1. Regan ""~

Leary P,ess-- Fall Riv"

A.merican agriculture is the most productive in the world per unit of labor, but is probably the least productive per unit of energy.. "Cheap fuel," Connolly notes, "has permitted U.S. agriculture to become a highly mechanized, capital intensive system. But energy is no longer cheap and will become progressively more expensive in coming years. "This will have consequences not only for our own agriculture but also on the type of agricultural developments we urge on the food and energy deficit na· tions of the Third World." The greatest impact of energy shortages - or, more accurate· ly today, petroleum shortages on the developing nations will be felt by those nations leaning on the "green revolution" to increase food production. The "green revolution" refers to the use of "miracle seeds" which are dependent upon pes· ticides, herbicides and fertilizer (and often machinery and irrigation) which are, in tum, dependent upon energy, usually in the form of petroleum. Most of the nations using "green revolution" techniques, according to the foundation, need to import oil and cannot afford its rising prices. Given rising energy prices, a foundation bulletin concludes, our best advice to small farmers in developing countries should probably be based on the self· sufficient, low energy use, labor intensive agriculture practiced by the American organic garden. ers other than the commercially oriented, high energy use tech· niqu~s of Jluiinstream ~merican agriculture."

Contemplative Order Soug ht by Diocese PHOENIX, Ariz. (NC) - Bishop James S. Rausch of Phoenix has announced plans to establish a contemplative religious order for women in his diocese, saying, "I belive a religious order of women dedicated to a cloistered life of prayer and contemplation can be of enormous spiritual value to the people of this area." Among the religious orders being considered are the Discalced Carmelites, the Poor Clares, and the Handmaids of the Most Holy Trinity. The diocese hopes to finalize arrangements with the selected order by the end of the year.




Sept. 30 Rev. John J. Griffin, 1963, Pastor, St. Paul, Taunton Oct. 2 Rev. Joseph E. Sutula, 1961, Pastor, St. Casimir, New Bedford .Oct. 6 Rev. Stephen B. Magill, 1916, Assistant, Immaculate Conception, North Easton

THE ANCHOR Second Class Postalle Paid at F,II River, Mass. Published every Thursday at 410 Hillhland Avenue, Fall River, Mas,. 02722 by the Catholic Press of the Dioces. of Fell River. Subscription price by mail,' pOlIlIIl1III SS.OO per Yeer.

THE ANCHORThurs., Sept. 22, 1977

Set Pilgrimage To La Salette

'Call to Action' Gets Some Action

The third annual Portuguese pilgrimage to La Salette Shrine, Attleboro, will be held at 1:30 p.m. Sunday, Oct. 2, beginning with recitation of the rosary led by a priest from Ponta Delgada, St. Michael, Azores. Mass will be offered at 3 p.m. with Msgr. Luiz G. Mendonca, pastor of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Church, New Bedford, as principal celebrant and Father Joao B. Lourenco of St. Anthony's Church, Cambridge as homilist. The choir of Immaculate Conception parish, New Bedford, directed by Father Henry Arruda, will provide music for the day.

WASHINGTON (NC) - Twenty-eight committees of the U.S. bishops' conference studying recommendations passed by the Detroit Call to Action conference have submitted reports to an ad hoc committee set up to develop a five-year plan based on the Detroit meeting. The Call to Action conference was held last October. Some 1,300 delegates passed a variety of recommendations, some of them controversial, suggesting changes in the Church and society.

Meeting Tonight Members of the executive board of District Four of the Diocesan Council of, Catholic Women will meet at 8 tonight following attendance at Mass at St. Theresa's Church, Attleboro, and installation of district officers for the" 1977-1979 term.

RUTH E. HURLEY of Fall River, president of the New England Diocesan Councils of Catholic Nurses, has announced the organization's 18th annual conference, to be held the weekend of Nov. 4 to 6 at the Hyatt Regency Hotel, Cambridge. Speakers will include Dr. Mildred F. Jefferson, president of the National Right to Life Committee and a Boston surgeon, and Father Francis J. Gilday, S.J., spiritual director for medical students at Tufts and Boston universities. Cardinal Humberto Medeiros will be principal celebrant at a closing Mass and will preside at the convention banquet, at which other New England bishops will also be guests. Other convention activities will include a musical evening, a business session and a tour of historic Boston. Further information and registration forms for nurses from the Fall River diocese are available from Helen Shove, RN, 3 Purchase St., Taunton 02780.

BISHOPS MEET CARTER: Archbishop Joseph Bernardin, president of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops-U.S. Catholic Conference and Bishop Thomas Kelly, its general secretary, talk with President Carter in the Oval Office about human rights. After a 30 minute meeting ,the churchmen praised Carter's "staunch commitment" to human rights and called his approach to the issue "realistic." (NC Photo)

Subcommittee Supports Teacher Unions

Archbishop John Roach, ad hoc committee chairman, told its members that the 28 committees of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops will complete their evaluations by early next year. He said his committee will then develop the proposed fiveyear plan in time for the U.S. bishops' meeting in May, 1978. He emphasized that neither his committee nor the body of bishops will adopt the Detroit wit h 0 u t recommendations change. "It is not our intention to propose an implementation of the steps and activities called for last October, but rather to come up with a plan of action which, while analogous to some of the recommendations ... is a broadbased, integrated, more modest effort in scope than the 182 recommendations suggest,"

WASHINGTON (NC) - After teachers to study these rights olic schools, an issue currently nearly two years of public and "as they examine the possibil- before the courts at the request private meetings, the U.S. bish- ity or even neceSsity of collec- of a number of dioceses faced with NLR'B-sponsored selections ops' subcommittee on teacher tive bargaining." unions has released a report supIt affirms the right of teachers for lay teachers. porting the right of lay teachers to choose for themselves the "Supervisory agencies have to organize and suggesting agency which is to represent the duty to give just recognition guidelines for school administra- them in the bargaining process, to these essential objectives of tors and teachers involved in col- and the right to "free elections, Catholic schools and to underfull negotiations, mediation, con- stand the responsibility of lective bargaining. Where I Love The report, written by a sub- ciliation and similar services un- Church leadership to protect "Not where I breathe, but committee made up of members der the auspices of a neutral these functions." the report where I love, I live." - Robert of the U.S. Catholic Conference body," says. Southwell, SJ But the report, like a subeducation and social development and world peace commit- committee working paper that Are there people on other tees, was approved for publica- preceded it, contains no explicit worlds? "Almost certainly," tion by the USCC Administra- comment on National Labor Resays the author. tive Board, which met in Wash- lations Board activity in CathRev. Kenneth ]. Delano, a ington Sept. 13-15. practicing priest with a strong By labelling the document a astronomical background, arrives report and releasing it now, the at his conclusions from a realistic subcommittee chose not to put assessment of probabilities in the issue before the full body of the light of hard scientific facts. Installation ceremonies for U.S. bishops, which meets in There are probably many new officers of Fall River CounNovember. civilizations in the universe, he cil 86, Knights of Columbus, will The strategy represents a says, some peopled by individllals be held Sunday, Oct. 2 at the tradeoff, according to Bishops far superior in intelligence to council home, 1492 Columbus William McManus of Fort Wayhuman beings. As we progress ne-South Bend, Ind. and Joseph Dr., following attendance at 5 in our space explorations, we p.m. Mass at Immaculate ConMcNicholas of Springfield, Ill. must seriously contemplate the Although the report. does not ception Church, Fall River. possibility of contact. Where Those to be seated include Arhave the authority of a bishops' encounter occurs with other statement, it cannot be amended mand T. Cousineau, grand inteIIigent beings, we must be by the bishops and it can be knight; Henry Berube, deputy grand knight; Leo Hamel, finanprepared not only to adjust released immediately, instead of constructively to their existence in November, when the bishops cial secretary; Joseph Bourassa, but expand our essentiaIly mantreasurer. meet. centered views of God to encomOther council activities inpass these children of the same Entitled, "Teache'r Organiza- clude a social meeting and suptions in Catholic Schools," the per Monday night, Sept. 26, a report is divided 'into three sec- harvest supper Saturday, Oct. thoughtprovoking • tions. Following an introduction 22 and bingo every' Tuesday treatise supported by summarizing the subcommittee's night at 7 o'clock. discerning scholarship. , work, there is a section on "The $7.00 ..L community of the schools," inFor Sis,ters cluding an assessment of the Tr..J ... "faith community" concept, colAt bookstor:s • A day of Recollection open to lective bargaining by teachers, all nuns of the Fall River dioor direct from the publisher '( and procedural recommenda- cese will be held on the last EXPOSITION PRESS, INC.* tions to dioceses. There is also Sunday of each month from 2 Dept. ANC, . an appendix containing sugges- to 4:30 p.m. at Our Lady's Chaptions for those engaged in col- el, 600 Pleasant St., New BedHicksville. N.Y. 11801 (516) 822-5700 . Jit~ lective bargaining. ford. The first program will be Prepaid plus 75c pe! copy .,..~ The report applies Catholic so- held this Sunday, Sept. 25, and postage & handhng. cial teaching supporting the right will be conducted by Father In N.Y. add tax. of workers to organize to Leonard Perotti, O.r.M., rector Church employes, and urges of the chapel.


*** '* "Kenneth*.J. Delano MANY

Set Insta Ilation For Council 86














THE ANCHORThurs., Sept. 22, 1977



Two things are beginning to emerge from current research on the American church. First of all, Catholics are highly selective in what they define as the essentials of Catholic behavior. Secondly, the dynamics which lead out of the

Dynamics of C:hurch-Leaving Not Clearly Understood church are different from those which lead to a low level of religious practice. Men. and women may drift to the fringes of the church because of dissatisfaction with church authority, but such a drift does not cause them formally to leave. Nor is leaving merely a question of just a little more drift - not for most of them at any rate. Almost % of those who were raised Catholics but who no longer practice are those who entered religiously mixed marriages. The decision to stay or leave is associated with the marriage and is not related to present religious problems. Most

Americans seem to make up their religious minds in the late teens or early twenties. They then confirm these decisions or revise them at the time of marriage. By no means do all mixed marriages lead to, or are associated with, defection from the church. Americans play a game of musical chairs at the time of marriage in which wives or husbands join each other's religion (Qr join no religion at all but together) for the sake of peace and harmony. Th~ dynamics of this game are badly understood. But the statistics are revealing - 40 per cent of those who are born Catholic enter marriages with those who are not born Catholic

- but 80 percent of the Catholics in the country are married to other Catholics. How can this be? Of those Catholic who m'arry born nonCatholics 30 per cent leave (or have already left) the church but 20 per cent of the spouses in these marriages become Catholic - leaving a net loss of about 10 per cent as a result of mixed marriages. (The remaining half of the religiously mixed marriages remain mixed.) IDefection has increased in the church, but solely because of the higher rate of mixed marriages among young people and the college-educated. However, within

both these groups the rate of defection and the rate of "trade off" (defection minus conversion) has not changed. Thus, if one is trying to evangelize those who have left, one is dealing for the most part with decisions made a long time before - to enter a mixed marriage and to defect from the church (without the order being specified.) If one is trying to evangelize those who are still Catholic but lax in their practice, one is dealing with a decision which is continuing in the sense that whatever else the person may think, he still actively defines himself as Catholic.

Bright Gold M~!edal for Optimism Bel10ngs Right Here had experience I'll list a few chine all quit within a week. I could go on but I'm not tryof my own. By One of my daughters was al- ing to make you feel sorry for most killed in an accident and me. I'm just trying to say that MARY suffered permanent brain dam- like most people 1 run into my age. Another daughter was born share of problems. CARSON with Down's Syndrome and is But - do you know - I am retarded. enormously happy. I am just beMy husband and I operate a ginning to understand why. I am beginning to understand small business. It almost went When someone hands out bankrupt during the recent re- the teaching of one of my favadvice we may be skeptical, cession. When our finances were .orite philosophers: "There are wondering if that person has at their worst one of our sons no problems . . . only opportunany real knowledge of the had an accident with our car. ities." subject, or if it all comes from He wasn't hurt but the car was Every difficulty, every setthe clouds. totaled. We couldn't buy another back, every problem holds withand learned a lot about travel- in it the opportunity for us to I want to write a few ideas ing by bus. Now that business is grow, the opportunity to learn. about handling life's problems, . starting to improve, my refrig- Whether the problem becomes and just to let you know I've erator, stove, and washing ma- a stumbling block or a stepping-

stone is entirely dependent on my own attitude. And my own attitude is about the only thing in this life that I have complete control over. The circumstances can be imposed upon me by outside forces; how I respond is entirely up to me. Some examples may help to clarify. A young wife dies. After a natural period of grief, the husband can continue to work on that grief until it consumes him, or he can grow closer to his children. A woman is saddled with the care of an aged invalid. She can wallow in self-pity and erode her own life, adversely influ-

encing the lives of all she meets or she can see it as an opportunity to really live the "works of mercy" in love and joy. A teacher fjnds an unruly student disrupts the class. It may be the chance to win a heart crying out for help. The cripple has the opportunity to develop his mind; the feeble-minded, his' body. The shut-in can study, meditate, create. The person forced into constant contact with others can bring joy to the many lives he touches. It works . . . once you let it. I cannot conceive a situation that doesn't hold both possibilities erosion or growth.

Scores POmptDUS Pronouncements on Labor Scene



A recent New York magazine article was lined, "Can Labor's Leaders Deal With a

Times headTired Trou-

bled Movement?" While it suggests that AFL-CIO President <ieorge Meany is tir?d, the article, written by Nick Kotz, a well known Washington reporter, says exactly the opposite. "Earlier in the year," Kotz writes, "Meany suffered some multiple physical ailments and

was discouraged, but he now seems perfectly fit again, is back at his golf game and is as invigorated and as dynamic as ever in dealing with the tasks of the office as he sees them. Durling a 75-minute interview I found him razor-sharp with an instant command of facts and figures on every conceivable current topic, and an assured political deftness in handling difficult questions." There is simply no way of reconciling this perfectly. clear statement with the handling quoted above. Be that as it may, talking down George Meany and trying to portray him as a neanderthal man is a pastime not confined to careless headline writers. Tom

Wicker of the New York Times, for instance, told a reporter for the Washington S:ar that while he had had difficulty reconciling his personnal pro路 labor feelings with what has happened in the labor movement in the last decade, he was heartened by the fact that "Meany spoke out in s路Jpport of black leaders on the problems of unemployment that have particularly impacted blacks ... "What Meany said was a s'Jbstantial develclpment," said Wicker, "and if thai: means (notice the if) that George Meany and the AFL-CIO is coming out in a broad sense for social objectives, then I thi nk he is coming back into the fold, and I am in favor of that,"

I must say that that's an insufferably pompous statement. It suggests that Wicker is beginning to lose his sense of humor or that he hasn't been reading his own paper in recent months. The fact is that George Meany was pushing for full employment and had organized a National Committee for Full Employment long before the leaders of the black community spoke out on this issue at their recent meeting in New York. It is also a matter of record that Meany has been supporting "social objectives" with much greater vigor than most of labor's sideline critics, who, are now using these social programs as a litmus test of Meany's lib-

eral orthodoxy. Columnist John Fialke of the Washington Star is even more critical of organized labor. American unions, he says, are living in the past, and arguments to the contrary "don't wash with me," he adds. "The generation I grew up with," he tells us, "saw a different side of unions. The passions of the early organizers had long since subsided and in their place was a fat, narrowminded complacency," Whenever I read the kind of stuff that Wicker and Fialke hand out so pompously, I ask myself why I haven't run into them more frequently during the 30 years that I have been following labor matters almost full time and at very close range.

Not,hing Is ~'ast.ed: Autumn Leaves Form Compost By JOSEPH RODERICK

It won't the leaves earnest and er sets in.

be long before start falling in the cool weathYears ago we

could burn路 leaves, but now we must either discard them or put them to some useful purpose in the garden. . For the past few years I have

been composting the autumn leaves for use the following spring, using a shredder which grinds the dry leaves into small pieces, allowing for fast decomposition in the compost. Leaves are ordinarily difficult to compost because they tend to mat together allowing for little entrance of air and necessary bacteria, but when they are shredded, decomposition takes place more rapidly. To compost, I make a bin out of any convenient lumber, allowing an inch or so between the outside boards as the heap is built. These are attached to up-

right 2 x 3's or 2 x 4's, which make the corners of the heap. The bottom of the compost bin is the soil, on WhlCh the leaves a:re piled in about a six-inch. layer. Atop the six inches of leaves, I spread an inch or so of soil and a few handfuls of fertilizer. The heap can be built in this way to the desired height and then watered from time to time befMe the cold weather sets in. Opee this occurs, decomposition will stop in the pile, therefore it may be late spring before the decomposed material can be used ir. the garden.

Compost made in this way will be free of odor and will decom-

pose at a regular rate. Obviously, the earlier the heap can be started the better, because the sooner decomposition takes place the earlier the compost can be used. Last year I started my heap late, so it was late in May before decomposition had fully occurred. -Even then, the treatment of leaves in this way is far better than discarding or burning them as we did in the past. The trick is to build the heap in an out of the way place where it can be left undisturbed until the compost is completely

ready. It also helps to cover it with old blankets during the winter to keep it from getting forzen solid so that thawing will take place faster in the Spring. One caution, do not use compost until it is fully decomposed, otherwise it will steal necessary nitrogen from the soil. Leaves do decompose more slowly than other organic material in the compost heap, but they are certainly better used in the garden than thrown away.

World in Tune "Prayer is the world in tune," - Henry Vaughan


Educators Need Wisdom Most NOTRE DAME, Ind. (NC) Catholic educators need courage and wisdom to eliminate "counterfeit education" and to fight a tide of foolishness and incompetence, according to Holy Cross Father Theodore M. Hesburgh, president of the University of Notre Dame. 'In a Mass homily, Father Hesburgh told Notre Dame faculty and students that teaching moral values to students is one of the goals of Catholic higher education, and he contended that it is needed to dismiss "moral ambiguity." The Notre Dame president said he prays the most, though, for wisdom, since a university, "a house of intellects," must not be filled "merely with knowledge, but with wisdom." He reminded his audience that "the best and the brightest" minds led the United States into the war in Vietnam.

Pro-Life Continued from Page One said the California meeting was "completely controlled, manipulated, and used exclusively by a small segment of women representing the radical 'women's lib' and lesbian points of view only." She represented the California Pro-life Council, among other groups. Kathy Ker~aravet, president of the Connecticut Right to Life Corporation, called the Connecticut conference "a classic study in unfairness and pro-abortion manipulation." "Not only were those of us opposed to abortion refused the right to conduct a workshop, we were not even permitted to taperecord the pro-abortion workshop on reproductive freedom which totally misrepresented the reality of abortion and unborn human life," she told the committee. Nellie J. Gray, an attorney who heads the national March for Life in Washington, said: "In order to be a liberated woman, it is not necessary to kill preborn children, hate men, destroy' the family structure, pervert the education of elementary school children, teach premarital sex to teenagers and call it an epidemic, generate hostility between parent and child, and above all, mock God Almighty. These things are not only unnecessary but also destructive of mankind and a free society. "Because 'IWY has. chosen to espouse these disfunctions as their primary goals, we must ask for and take action in redress, because we are sick and tired of listening to women making a business of liberation; we are sick and tired of having tax dollars pay for their ugly business; and we are sick and tired of volunteering our time, homes, finances, vacations, and energies fighting their ugly business and picking up the mess in their wake," Ms. Gray said. Helms said he had asked the General Accounting Office to begin an audit of the IWY commission. The Houston conference could be cancelled by Congress through a repeal of section 2a of PL 94-167, IWY authorizing legislation.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Sept. 22, 1977

Deacon Classes Get Underway Continued from Page One


NEED AND IMPORTANCE of lay ministry are shown in this picture of a woman holding the hand of a terminally ill cancer patient. Her presence is what matters. (NC Photo)

Can Laity Minister? By Steve Landregan for the permanent diaconate. The development of family PHILDELPHIA (NC) -"Most Catholics have never thought of ministry in the diocese of themselves as ministers," Sister Greensburg, Pa., was described Catherine Francis Lamb, codi- by Sister Brenda Harmann. A rector of the Office of Lay Min- principal effort of the Greensisteries, told lay ministry coor- burg program is preparation of dinators from 13 dioceses at a couples for marriage, she said, recent meeting in Philadelphia. but the program also trains volThe conference, first of its unteer lay ministers for the vis. kind, was sponsored by the Of- iting of the elderly and nursing fice of Lay Ministries, a joint homes as well as the formation project of the Missionary Ser- of extraordinary ministers of the vants of the Most Holy Trinity Eucharist to the sick. and the Missionary Servants of A Spanish-language program the Most Blessed Trinity, com- to prepare lay ministers on the panion communities of priests, lower East Side of Manhattan Brothers and nuns. was outlined by Presentation Sister Lamb and Brother Sister Pauline Chirchirillo. Loughlin Sofield, who serves as Its goal of the program is to codirector of the office, described give laity self-confidence and to their experiences while present- awaken in them awareness of ing programs designed to raise their potential for ministry. the laity's awareness of their Courses are offered in liturgy, call to ministry in various par- prayer, religious education, fami1y ministry, youth ministry, and ishes throughout the country. '\In only one parish did we find Church and community. lay people who initially saw Jean Eckstein of Iowa City, themselves as having the prim- Iowa, president .of the National ary responsibility for ministry," Council of Catholic Laity, keyBrother Sofield said. "And that noted the conference with an was in a parish in South Caro- overview of lay ministries, both lina that had gone 40 years mUional and international. without a priest." "Utilization of lay ministers • Sister Lamb and Brother So- is responsible stewardship of field proposed a series of ques- time and talent," in the words tions to be used in raising lay of Redemptorist Father Frank peoples' awareness of their call Novak, executive director of to ministry. Who needs minist. the National Cathoiic Stewardering? Who performs this min- ship Council in Washington, istering? Who also is available? - D.C. He emphasized the need What are my gifts? What pre- ,for parishes to recognize that vents me from becoming invol- s~ewardship deals not only with ved in ministry? How can this fmances but with utilization of be overcome? human resources and said that Factors that prevent lay peo. the laity is the greatest resource pie from becoming involved in of the Church. ministry including unawareness of their call to ministry, fear of NICKERSONover-inVOlvement, a feeling of not being holy enough, lack of BOURNE skills and a lack of mechanics, ~m FUNERAL Brother Sofield noted. HOMES The program of the diocese Element E. Walsh Robert C. Roth of Green Bay, Wis., for the forDIRECTORS mation of men and women as 40 MacArthur Boulevard ministers of the word, ministers Bourne, Massachusetts 02532 of the altar and ministers of Rt. GA, Sandwich, Mass. music was described by Domin· ican Sister Marilyn Winter. After a year of preparation the lay ministers are commissioned for two years of ministerial Funeral Dome service, which may be extended. 550 Locust Street . Training sessions are offered Fan River, Masi. in the various vicariates of the 672·2391 Green Bay diocese. A bonus as· Rose E. SullivaD pect of the program, according WUllam J. SullivaD to Sister Winter, is that it has Margaret M. Sullivan proved to be a feder program

~ Rt...



given to each candidate by the bishop of the diocese. In the recent issue of "Diaconal Quarterly," issued by the Office of the Bishops' Committee on the P~rmanent Diaconate, the diocese of Fall River received for the first time due notice concerning its program as it is now. evolving. It also made note in its formal documentation of the office of the Permanent Diacon· ate of the Diocese of Fall River. As the program for the restored diaconate gets underway, it is hoped that as our training program progresses, so will the important task of public information be developed to help clergy and laity to understand and accept this new dynamic force of clerical service that will be evidenced in our diocesan family. It is essential that these men, who intend to dedicate themselves to the service of God's. work in this diocese, be recognized as more than a temporary development in the Church. The ~ Permanent Diaconate must not be seen as a mere passing fad. The men who will complete the courses they are umtertaking will be ordained to the order of deacon. They will not be. "lay" deacons, since they will share the sacrament of Holy Orders. This phrase, that has found some popularity recently, is more likely than not the product of a confusing identification of the married status of most permanent deacons with the meaning of "laity" and the celebate status of transitional deacons with "orders." As the three year training program for this diocese progresses, it is hoped . that this confusion of identity will be clarified and that the men who will undertake this most important work will not have to face the undue tension of labels, especial)y from those who are already ordained clerics of the church. Thus, it is evident that there is much to be done in the next three years, not only on the part of the candidates them. selves but also on the part of all the diocesan community if the

Permanent Diaconate is to be seen in its proper perspective as indicated by the Fathers of Vatican II and the Bishops of the United States. If anyone in the diocese has questions in this matter, he or she should feel free to call upon the office of the Permanent Diaconate. Inquiries may be sent to· Father John F. Moore, Direct~r, at P.O. Box 7, Fall River 02722.

American Sister Continued from Page One and Sisters serving in these countries know that if they stand up for human rights they're exposing themselves to whatever can happen." The 35-year-old nun, who recently became press secretary of the Rhodesian (Catholic) Justice and Peace Commission, has been charged with contravening Rhodesia's Law and Order Maintenance Act by making or publishing statements likely to cause fear, alarm or despondency. At a bail hearing Sept. 13, the prosecution asked that she be held without bail until her trial, which is scheduled to begin Sept. 27. A native of Pittsburgh, Sister McLaughlin was graduated magna cum laude from Marquette University in Milwaukee before leaving to do missionary work in Africa with the Maryknoll order in 1969. She joined the order in 1961 and professed her final vows in Nairobi, Kenya, in 1972. It had been her goal since seventh grade to become a Maryknoll missionary Sister and serve with the order in Africa, accord· ing to her mother. Toward this end, she took Swahili courses in college to assure her assignment in Africa. The nun has also written articles for the Maryknoll magazine. According to a feature story on Sister McLaughlin completed recently by the Maryknoll order's communications office, she was termed by a colleague who had worked with her in Kenya a "shjning example of commitment to the real task of helping people to develop."

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Sept. 22, 1977





.CHRISTIANS CONTINUE witnes.s against "final insanity" of nuclear warfare in many ways. Left, Atlantic Life Community member at Energy Research building Washington, D.C.; center, Japanese Catholics offer Mass at Nagasaki church on 32nd anniversary of atomic

Wil~r By Lillian Beloin

SEATTLE, Wash. (NC) Seventeen persons; including a Franciscan priest, were found guilty of criminal trespass in U.S. District Court in Seattle Sept. 12. The convictions stemmed from what was called..... a . ".family picnic" on the U.S. Navy's Trident nuclear submarine base at .Bangor, Wash., on July 4.

Among the defendants convicted by Judge Walter T. McGovern was Franciscan Father Louis Ladenberger, coordinator for the Peace and Justice Center of the diocese of Spokane, Wash., and

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bomb holocaust; right, need of witness is demonstrated by picture of hydrogen bomb test in China. Like the US, the Chinese government is continuing nuclear weapons development. ( NC Photos)

We Ever Learn?

Madre Kuhl, wife of a psychotherapist with the Spokane diocese's family services. The defense ~ad based its major arguments on the testimony of Richard A. Falk, Princeton University professor and B.n expert in intErnational law. Falk had argued that "international law is the supreme laws

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as far as individual services are regarded:' saying decisions made during the Nuremberg trials held that. the first user of a weapon is always the aggressor. Motives Don't Count? In his decision, McGovern said, "International law is not relevant from the standpoint of defense. The activities of the defendants did not and will not have any effect on the operation and construction of the Trident base. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has held that the fact that the motives of the defendants were honorable, philosophical, social or moral is not relevant. Good motive alone is not defensive." The 17 defendants ranged from 74-year-Old Howard Willitts, a banker and a former member of the Oregon state legislature, to Mrs. Kuhl, a mother of five who is expecting her sixth child. Another defendant, also an expectant mother, was Taeko Miwa, a Japanese citizen living in Canada. Several of the defendants were Canadian citizens who became involved in the demonstrations, they said, because the outward-bound Trident submarines would pass through Canadian waters. Three major witnesses were called by the defense: Falk; Robert A. Aldridge, a California aeronautical engineer and former head of the Trident· design team; and Setsuko Thurlow, now a resident of Toronto, who was a 13-year-old schoolgirl in Hiroshima when the first atomic bomb was dropped. Mrs. Thurlow's testimony on the effects of that first bomb opened the seven-hour trial. She told of being pulled from a school which had collapsed around her and of classmates

who were incinerated when the building began to burn. Aldridge, who worked with the Lockheed Corporation in the: development of the Polaris, MERV, Poseidon and Trident missiles, outlined the progress of the U.S. missile program and his concerns about it. He said he left his job with Lockheed because "my conscience was totally opposed to the principle of 'first strike,' which our missile system had become." Falk testified that- construction of the Trident system is a direct breach of the United Nations Charter and of numerous UN General Assembly resolutions. Thermonuclear warheads such as those on the Trident submarine missiles, he added, are themselves illegal and have been outlawed by both the Geneva Protocol of 1925 and the Geneva Convention of 1949. Boss Approved Father Ladenberger, the last of the defendants to take the stand, told the court that his "boss," Bishop Bernard J. Topel of Spokane, approved of his participation in the Bangor demonstration, as did his religious superior, Franciscan Father John Vaughn of Oakland, Calif., and Archbishop Raymond G.· Hunthausen of Seattle. Father Ladenberger said, "Morality has to do with the development of conscience and I'm speaking for my own sense of morality . . . Few Catholics are aware of what the Church is actually teaching in this regard. The prime intent of my action was based on morality." Various dates have been set for the sentencing of the defendants, ranging from Sept. 30 to Oct. 20. Father Ladenberger will be sentenced on Oct. 12.

The Parish Parade

Parish Parade IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, TAUNTON "Another Night to Remember," a fall dance sponsored by the Women's Guild, will be held from 9 p.m. to 1 a.m. Saturday, Oct. 22 in the church hall. A buffet will be served and music will be by the Leo .DeMello Trio. Tickets are available from Mrs. Richard Paulson and at the rectory. None will be sold at the door. A whist is scheduled for 8 p.m. Thursday, Sept. 29 in the hall. Refreshments will be served.

Publicity chairmen of parish organizations are asked to submit news Items for this column to The Anchor, P. O. Box 7, Fall River. 02722. Name of city or town should be Included, as well as full dates of all Ictivitles. Please send news of future rather than past events. Note: the same news Item can be used only once. Please do not request that we repeat an allllouncement several times.

ST. STANISLAUS, FALL RIVER Holy Rosary Sodalists will attend 9 a.m. Mass Sunday, Oct. 2. followed by a breakfast meet~ ing. Polish courses will begin at 8 p.m. Friday, Oct. 7. Miss Nell Gromada is in charge of reservations for a bus trip to New York Saturday, Dec. 10. A Columbus Day retreat will be open to all adults in the parish and parents of children in the parish school. even if not parishioners. Further information is available at the rectory. SACRED HEART, FALL RIVER Daily Masses have been scheduled for 8 a.m. and 12:05 p.m., Monday through Friday. A preparation program for lectors conducted by Brother James Czerwinski, OFM, will begin at 7:30 p.m. Monday, Sept. 26 in the parish center. A sewing group working for the Rose Hawthorne Home wiIl begin activities at 1 p.m. Tuesday, Oct. 4 in the center. New members are welcome and donations of white material may be left at the center at any time. The TACT youth group educational committee will meet at 7 tonight and will sponsor a cake sale' this weekend. HOLY NAME, FALL RIVER Parishioners are asked to save Campbell's Soup and beans and Franco-American products labels to aid the school in obtaining educational equipment. Boys in fourth grade and older wishing to be altar boys are asked to contact Father William Campbell at the ractory. A discussion group for high school students followed by a social period will be held from 8 to 9 p.m. every Tuesday, starting Oct. 4, at the home of Owen and Pat McGowan, 80 Underwood St. Discussion will be based on the Know Your Faith feature of The Anchor. New members are invited to a Women's Guild reception and tea Sunday,. Sept. 25. The Leisure Group will open its fall season with a Mass to be offered in the school hall at 2 p.m. Thursday, Sept. 29. ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI, NEW BEDFORD Committees have been organized for celebration of the parish's 50th anniversary next May 28, when a Mass of Thanksgiving will be offered with Bishop Daniel A. Cronin as principal concelebrant. A banquet and ball will follow. General chairman for the event Is Father Ronald A. Tosti, administrator, aided by a large number of parishioners. Among anniversary projects will be preparation of a parish history and information for inclusion should be sent to Father Tosti at 247 North St., New Bedford 02740.

Rum CARTER STAPLETON, sister of President Jimmy Carter, will be among speakers at an Eastern General Conference on Charismatic Renewal, to be held in Atlantic City the weekend of Oct. 21 through 23 and to attract over 36,000 participants.. Other speakers will include Catherine de Hueck, foundress of Madonna House, Combermere, Ontario, and Jesuit Fathers John Haughey and Harold Cohen. Preceding the conference, a charismatic renewal day for bishops and 'priestswill be held, which more than 400 clergy are expected to attend. OUR LADY OF ANGELS, FALL RIVER Senior Citizens meet at 1 p.m. each Wednesday at the parish hall. All senior parishioners are invited to attend. Appreciation Night for all parish workers will be held Sunday, Oct. 2 at White's restaurant, beginning at 6 p.m. Children of Mary will sponsor a penny sale at 1:30 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 25 in the hall. Proceeds will benefit the parish. SS. PETER AND PAUL, FALL RIVER Rev. Stephen A. Fernandes, associate pastor, celebrated Mass prior to the first meeting of the season of the Home and School Organization. Music was provided by the parish folk group. President Claire Machado announced that members will sell coffee and doughnuts after Masses. :Picnic workers will be treated to a chicken dinner and dance Saturday night in the church hall, following a reception at 7. Mrs. Edward Tyrrell and Mrs. Edward Kelly are co-chairmen of the next Women's Club whist, Sunday afternoon at 1:30 in the church hall. Jean Vitullo, Women's Club program chairman has announced that the annual harvest supper will be served Tuesday, Oct. 11 at 6:30 p.m. with Betty Harrison and Elsie Postiglione co-chairmen and Sabina Wilding and Kathleen Durand cochairmen of a penny sale to follow. There will also be a Christmas bazaar table. The Parish Club will hold a dinner-dance Saturday, Oct. 1 at Condessa restaurant. Reservations will close Sunday.

ST. PATRICK, SOMERSET All parish organizations will sponsor a giant auction from 1 to 7 p.m. Saturday, Sept. 24 at K of C Hall, Swansea, with a viewing period from 10 to noon Saturday morning. Proceeds will benefit . a building fund earmarked for a CCD center. To be held with the auction are a a mini flea market and a cake sale. Booths will offer various foods and prizes will be awarded. ST. ROCH, FALL RIVER Forthcoming activities of' the Council of Catholic Women include a pine cone demonstration Tuesday, Oct. 4; a.cake sale the weekend of Oct. 15 and 16; a memorial Mass and program on energy conservation Monday, Nov. 7; a Snowflake Fair Saturday, Nov. 12; and a Christmas party Monday, Dec. 5. BLESSED SACRAMENT, FALL RIVER .The Men's Club will sponsor a meat pie supper in the parish hall. Saturday night, Sept. 24, with music to follow by Charlie and Company. A chicken pie supper is scheduled for 7:15 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 15, with music by Be Be Alves and his group. Tickets are available from club members. ST. MATHIEU, FALL RIVER Parishioners will mark the 90th anniversary of the parish with an organ recital at 4:30 p.m. Sunday, followed at 5 p.m. by a concelebrated Mass with Father Adrien E. 'Bernier, pastor, as principal celebrant and priests who have served in the parish, native sons and area clergy as concelebrants.. Present and former parishioners and friends are invited to attend. ST. JOHN OF GoD, SOMERSET A prayer meeting will follow 7 p.m. Mass Thursday, Oct. 6. A new Brayton Club will start in October. Those interested in joining contact Bella Nogueira, Rita Paskavitch, committee members or the rectory. Reservations are being accepted for the annual dinner-dance, also to be held in October. NOTRE DAME, FALL RIVER A square dance exhibition by George Gray and the Square-AWays will highlight the Council of Catholic Women meeting at 7:45 p.m. Monday, Sept. 26 at Jesus - Mary Academy. New members are welcome.



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(The fourth of an eight-part series originally appearing in The Michigan Catholic and reprinted by pennission.) To live with strangers can be lonely, to live with .foreigners a painful isolation; but to live with a lover. turned enemy is hell. The presence of each other is a constant reminder of the la<:k of appreciation, if not of mutual despisement; a lack of trust, if not positive distrust. The inability to reach each other is a continuous experience of failure. When steps for reconcili~ ation have failed and the possi. bilities for a reinstatement of love and constructive relationsh:ips seem completely lost, only one avenue is left: Divorce. Often divorce is necessary for the physical, mental and spiritua] health of the partners, and pe:rhaps also for the well-being of their children. The divorce procedures usually don't contribute to the good will and peace of the couple. Often they cause a lot of harassment and mutual ac<:usations and fights about money, alimony, estate and custody of the children frequently add to the bitterness, anger and hatred. When the separation is completed, everyone feels a genuine sense of relief; all is peace and quiet and the constant reminder of one's failure seems gone. Very often this initial peace is short-lived. One of the reasons for getting married is that we are not meant to live alone. Companionship and intimate relationship are deep human needs. After the first stage of quiet has passed, the feeling of lonelinl~ss and aloneness creeps up Th'e sense of having failed becomes more acute und the feeling of having been deserted unjustly begins to make its appearance. The pain of the past and of the many unfortunate disagreements is still there, but the: feeling of being unjustly deserted adds to the bitterness. The failure of the marriage is almost entirely attributed to the partner. The partner who was called to bring happiness and

fullness into one's personal life is the cause of the emptiness of the present time. After the divorce the relationship with the community in general and with many friends in particular, seems to have changed. The community is largely "couple oriented." When the "couple" has broken up, both individuals feel like strangers in this community. Whether it is real or not, they frequently have the feeling that every one looks at them in a strange way. In meetings with friends, and particularly at parties they easily feel on the outside. Their relationship with the Church is not the same as it used to be. The Catholic Church does not accept divorce. At best the Church accepts separation when living together is impossible, but the marriage continues in the eyes of the Church. Persons who are involved in a divorce feel this attitude as a rejection. At moments that they are looking for support and personal affinnation even their "good standing" in the Church seems to fall apart. Th1s whole complex situation adds to the feeling of rejection and of failure. It is not any longer the marriage that failed, but the individuals begin to consider themselves as failures as well. They begin to wonder what is good in them, if there is any good at all. Often there are children involved. This is an added responsibility and an added burden. The separation is usually quite difficult for the children who cannot understand why the parents are not together. They feel deserted and rejected by the parent who is not there. The selfimage of the children suffers because of the divorce. Tttis decreased self-image in the children is another source of feeling of failure and perhaps of guilt in the partners. The many hours of solitude which follow the divorce may seem like a time to get hold of oneself and of the whole situation. However, the promised peace is often elusive and the initial feeling of freedom may be quite deceptive. There is a

need for support, not only to face the situation but. to face oneself in this new situation. Next week: "A Light at the End of the Tunnel." (In the Fall River diocese" infonnation on support groups for divorced or separated Catholics, active in several areas, is available from Father Michel G. Methot of the diocesan office of adult education, 423 Highland Avenue, Fall River,River, telephone 627-2828. Advice in specific cases of divorce or separation is available at the diocesan Marriage Court, 344 Highland Avenue, telephone 675-1311,. or from any parish priest.)

Vocation Series F'or Area Youth St. John's Seminary, Brighton, attended by many candidates for the priesthood from the Fall River diocese, will present a series of Vocation Awareness programs for young men during the coming academic year. Students as the Seminary College of Liberal Arts will conduct an open house for high school juniors and seniors on Sunday, December 11, and a weekend retreat at the seminary March 17 to 19. Students at the school of theology will conduct the school's annual two-day program on the pristhood and seminary life for students of college age or recent college-graduates, on Thursday and Friday, April 13 and· 14. This 24-hour program offers participation in an ordinary day at the seminary. Additional infonnation concerning any of these programs or on the diocesan priesthood can be had by writing the Vocation Infonnation Center, St. John's Seminary, 197 Foster Street, Brighton, Mass. 02135; or by calling Father Paul T. Walsh, telephone 254-2610. Vocations director for the Fall River diocese is Father John J. Smith, St. John the Evangelist Church, 155 No. Main St., Attleboro 02703, telephone 222-1206.

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Sept. 22, 1977




Double News Page Publication

Question (orner •

By Father John Dietzen Q. I converted to Catholicism about 17 years ago. Since then, so many things I identified with the Church have changed. It's hard, not only for me, but even for some born Catholics. How do we keep our balance in all these changes and learn to take things in stride?

A. Of all the questions this column receives, this type is one of the most common, and most difficult. For one thing, any answer must be a quite personal one. -Milch depends on one's own temperment and faith. The first requirement is a positive and hopeful attitude about the revolutionary developments going on around us. It· seems clear that mankind is on the threshold of a new age; his life on earth will be drastically changed from what we have known, tentative hopes and many frustrations, as well as widely conflicting views on how to move into the future creatively, without losing what is good from the past. It shouldn't surprise us that Christians, including Catholics, share this turmoil and suffering. In fact, it would be cause for alarm only if the Church (and that means you and me) were placidly going its own way, with those pains and fears that tear at man's heart. In spite of the suffering and upset that accompanies it, this process of change and new birth has been a positive experience for the Church; and it can be a beautiful experience for us, too. The differences you mention are surely real. The difference between the way previous councils talked about such things as the Church, God, man and his human sacredness, and the meaning of the Incarnation of the Word of God, and the way Vatican Council II discussed them, is unprecedented in the Church. These happenings in theology and other areas of Catholic life are not a denial of what was taught in the past; they reflect rather, a proving awareness that there is room for many more varieties of approach to the great mysteries about God and man than we once thought. There's risk in all this, of course. It becomes, frankly, a question of whether one really still believes in God - and how big a God (and Church) one believes in. We Christians know that Jesus embraced this poor earth and all creation. We believe He already stands at the end of history as the Lord and Creator-King for all His people. This is the absolute heart of the matter. I hope this approaches a helpful response to your qustion. Work hard for those things we Christians stand for -justice, truth, and down-to-earth love for God and our fellow man and then learn to be a little ser-

? •



ene and enjoy the excitement. I have the feeling that's somehow what Jesus is doing, so why shouldn't we? (Questions for this column should be sent to Father Dietzen, c/o The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, Fall River, Mass. 02722.)

Praises Carter On Irish Stand WASHINGTON (NC) - Archbishop Joseph L. Bernardin, president of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops and U.S. Catholic Conference, has praised President Jimmy Carter far his recent statement on Northern Ireland. The archbishop said in a letter, "I strongly support your condemnation of violence and your timely warnings to those in this country or elsewhere who encourage such violence, directly or indirectly." President Carter called for an end to the fighting in Northern ~reland and proposed economic aid. The archbishop said of the aid plan, "Your promise to assist economically in the rehabilitation of this troubled area, when peace is achieved, is especially welcome. I know you share in my prayers that that -day will not be far distant." The Carter statement drew praise from government officials in Dublin and London, but was criticized by the Irish ~epubli­ can Army in Ireland. In the United States, the Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights said the president's statement ignored human rights issues, especially as they affect Catholics.


';1.. HEY, THERE! Unusual photo of Pope Paul VI catches him as he shouts invitation to return to group of pilgrims who had attended his weekly general audience at his summer residence.

Spain Honors Texas Woman GOLIAJD, Tex. (NC) -Kathryn Stoner O'Connor of Victoria and Refugio, Texas, recently became the first person in the United States to be awarded the Dame Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Isabel the Catholic by King Juan Carlos I of Spain. Mrs. O'Connor received the horror, which is currently held by 20 heads of state worldwide, for her efforts to preserve the Hispanic influence on Texas culture. In ceremonies in Presidio la Bahia, Tex., Erik I. Martel, counsuI general of Spain in Texas, New Mexico and Oklahoma, presented the O'Connor family with the gold and white sash and decoration in the name of the government and king of Spain. Mrs. O'Connor, who was hospitalized and unabie to attend, was represented by a daughter and two sons. At the ceremonies, Bishop Thomas J. Drury of Corpus Christi, Tex., celebrated a Mass of thanksgiving.

JACKONV'ILLE, Fla. (NC) Community, the news page of the diocese of St. Augustine which appears as a paid advertisement in the Sunday editions of two Florida' newspapers, has doubled its frequency of publication. The news page has been published 20 times a year, from September to June, since 1970. Beginning Sept. 11, Community will appear 40 times a year in_ the same months. According to Msgr. R. Joseph James, editor, the decision was prompted by "good response from both the Catholic and nonCatholic community we serve" and byresuIts of a recent readership survey. That survey showed that 57 percent of the Catholics in metropolitan Jacksonville and 40 percent of all adults in the area have seen or are familiar with the Catholic page in Sunday editions of The Florida TimeUnion-Journal. The page also appears in the Gainesville Sun. Combined circulation of the papers is 217,696.

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,fttE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs. Sept. 22, 1977



I One Worship

II Need For God? II

By Msgr. Joseph M. Champlin

By Angela M. Schreiber


On a July evening in 1977, the dazzling lights of New York brightened the dark sky. Suddenly they were extinguished. A moment of shocked silence. Then fear, and scurrying feet. Hands pushing shop doors open, reaching for merchandise of every description. Policemen apprehending as many looters as they - could. Anguished cries of shopowners as their life's work dissolved before them. Earlier that same day, a young woman sat in an abortion clinic in the nation's' capital. She and her husband already had their family-a boy and a girl. They wanted to provide them with the best of everything. And the children would both be in school next year. She was looking forward to more freedom. No, a new baby simply could not fit into their lives. And in a midwestern citY,another young woman sat in her apartment alone. Her clothes and all her belongings were gone.. He had walked out of her life as though she had never existed. She hadn't thought she cared so much. For a while, it had all been so much fun. And neither of them wanted the responsibility of mariage. But now she was left empty. The loneliness was almost more than she could stand. In San Francisco, a shabbily dressed, bearded man opened a door on the second floor of an ill-kept rooming house. He greeted an old man who lay helpless on a thin mattress. Then he emptied the contents of a paper bag onto a small table, plugged in a hot plate, and began preparing a simple meal. As he worked, they talked. Finally, the younger man changed the bad linens and saw that the old man was comfortable. He was about to leave, giving his usual assurance of returning the next day, when the old man said simply, "Brother Gregory, I don't know what would become of me without you. You don't preach religion to me. You just do it." Sounds of laughter and joy made the day even brighter as the Wilsons perepared to leave for a week in the mountains. Each child had things to carry to the car. Dad did a final check of the car and Mom picked up the baby, who was all smiles, seeming to know this was a special trip. Mom thought for a moment about thei I' lives together. Things weren't always this lighthearted. Winter had brought illness and the tedium of work and school. But there were always quiet moments with her husband when just the knowledge of each other's presence was enough. Then there were the thoughtful things the children sometimes surprised her Turn to Page Thirteen



changes in the Church, such as new ways of receiving the unchanging body and blood of Christ, writes Father Castelot, who notes that although God is immutab:le the human element of religion varies in every age.

Should Religion Be By Father John J. Castelot <It is not unusual to meet people who are upset by the recent changes in the Church. They reason that God is one, truth is one, and so religion should be absolute, static, unchangeable. Well, it is true that God is absolute, eternal and unchangeable, but religion hy its very nature is concerned not with God alone. It is a divine-human relationship, and once the human element is introduced, we have to deal with variables. Humanity is not absolute or unchangeable; on the contrary, it is constantly evolving, in one direction or another. Twentieth-century culture is not first-century culture, and in anyone age one must deal with cultural pluralism.

If religion is really to touch people's lives, it must take this pluralism into account. When Jesus prayed at the Last Supper that we might all be one, He did not pray that we might all be the same, for that is manifestly impossible. And yet there are those who insist that we must all be the same; they define unity as uniformity, even identity.

Such an attitude betrays a woeful ignorance of salvation history. God has chosen to work out humanity's ultimate redemption within the framework of human history. The history of His dealings with His children throughout the Old Testament period is a story of constant change. The basic revelation of Sinai was a revelation that had to be lived by people moving from one cultural situation to another.


They did n')t stay at the foot of the mountain forever; they did not live a semi-nomadic desert existence forever. They lived through civil war. anarchy, oppression, defeat, exile, restoration - constant change. Their fundamental faith is

Yahwah and His law remained constant throughout all this; constant but not static. The theology of the patriarchal narratives is not that by Second Isaiah. Laws had to be brought into line with changing conditions if they Turn to Page Thirteen

Faith, Cultural Change By Deacon Steve Landregan

If your God is so great, why doesn't he speak my language?" The question, asked by a Central American Indian who could not understand why he must learn Spanish to read the Word of God, illustrates the continuing challenge of adapting the Gospel message to the culture and language of various peoples.

It is not a new problem. The early church faced it with the cultural conflicts between Aramaic- speaking Jews and Greek speaking Jews. It came up again with the spread of the faith to the gentiles and triggered the IChurch's first general council at J.ersulaem about 43 A.D. The introduction of Latin as the liturgical language in the fourth century was basically a cultural adaptation as was the subsequent years. .Because of the danger of adulterating or watering down the Gospel in the name of cultural adaptation, the process of adaptation is dangerous and historically surrounded with controversy. One need not go back centuries or halfway around the

globe to confront its challenge. The United States is the fifth largest Spanish-speaking nation in the world, yet we have a history of attempting to Anglicize Mexican-American Catholics instead of utilizing their cultural background to illuminate the Gospel message. Today, however, the Mexican American Cultural Center (MACC) in San Antonio exemplifies the determination of the Church to meet the challenge of cultural adaptation. At MACC, a variety of programs are offered to assist those who are ministering to the Spanish-speaking to understand not only their language but their culture. Another important work of MACe is helping Mexican-Americans who have been Anglicized to reclaim their own cultur.:al heritage and identity. "If your God is so great, why doesn't he speak my language?" The question resounds through the centuries of Christianity. It has been asked in Greek, Latin, German, English, Chinese, Swahili, and languages not yet named. It will continue to be asked and challenge the Church until there is no one left to ask it.

A middle-aged Methodist woman from Sacramento, Cal. leaned over to me at one point during the regular Wednesday morning Papal audience and asked in amazement: "How many languages does he speak?" Our Holy Father had by that time already addressed the capacity crowd of pilgrims in Italian, English, French and German. Moreover, he earlier began the session with a Latin sign of the cross. These audiences in Rome give participants an unforgettable experience of the Church's universal character. As diferent groups are announced and applauded. one notes in that attractive, very functional audience hall, men, women and children truly "of every race and tongue, of every people and nation." There were present for this particular session in May several thousand uniformed Italian armed service personnel, an excellent choir from a Lutheran Church in Sweden, colorfully dressed pilgrims from Nigeria, missionary bishops working in Latin American countries, English-speaking visitors from Ireland, Scotland, England, Australia and the United States, groups out of Indonesia and the Philippines. The hour-long event concluded with congregational singing in traditional Gregorian chant of the ....Pater Noster" and the apostolic blessing in Latin jointly bestowed by Pope Paul and all the bishops present. My year-long experience in Rome and a week of pilgrimage throughout the Holy Land has deepened my conviction that in parishes and seminaries a bit more effort should be expended in training congregations to a few basic Latin chants. From my own work as a pastor for six years I understand the difficulties. Moreover, I am not envisioning here a weekly pattern of Latin singing. Still, it seems highly desirable that our people know the simplest chant versions of the Kyrie, Sanctus, Pater Noster, and Agnus Dei. The Gloria and Credo would be an added bonus. Prior to the 1975 Holy Year, the Congregation for Worship issued a booklet, "Jubilate Deo," containing a minimum selection of those sacred chants. The accompanying text noted how "vernacular chants ... give expression to each people's religious sentiment in music drawn from its culture and traditions." ;But it continued, "On the other hand, their unity finds particularly apt expression through Latin Gregorian chant . . . This minimum repertoire of Gregorian chant has been prepared . . . to make it easier for Christians to achieve unity and spiritual harmony with their brothers Turn to Page Thirteen

Should Religion be Absolute? Continued from Page Twelve were to mean anything: the liturgy underwent constant revision, adaptation, development. The same phenomenon can be discerned even in the much

Need for God? Continued from Page Twelve with. Yes, she thought, life has been good to me. This is the world of the 20th century. Plusses and minuses. Good and bad. Generous and selfish. Loving and unloving. None of it is really new. If we could push a time button and go back to Christ's world, we would see it all in a different setting. In each era, people must diagnose their society's ills, then strive to cure them. But usually, certain societal illnesses seem to stand out. In the 20th century, I believe our most actue illnesses are selfishness and lack of family unity. Our 20th century is unique be· cause it is an age of scientific miracles, an age when we might destroy poverty. But being human, many who have much want more. Many desire to find a Utopia, "let's live for the moment" land. The result? Fewer marriages. Climbing divorce rates. An ever stronger urge to acquire material wealth. A disregard for the "have nots." Where does God fit? Can His message of love and sharing break through our defenses? I believe they grow weaker with each march for the Right to Life, with each Mariage Encounter, each time a. young couple takes the marriage vow. And each time a human being meets a difficult challenge with honor, God's light grows stronger. There are still lots of Brother Gregorys and Wilson families among us, an~ I see their numbers growing.

shorter New Testament period, the second half of the first century A.D. The first Christians were in possession of some basic "Christian" facts. Under the guidance of the Spirit it took time and no little trouble to interpret those facts and work out their implications for practical living. And the results were not uniform: there is an amazing pluralism even within the New Testament itself. The very first Christians were devout Jews. It took time for them to realize fully their uniqueness as Christians. It was an agonizing struggle, and for a while many were reluctant to question the validity of the religion of their fathers. In fact, they insisted that if Gentiles wanted to join the community, they would have to become Jews first and submit to all the regulations of the Mosaic Law. Talk about a cultural conflict! The tension was heightened by Paul's wholesale conversion of Gentiles without benefit of circumcision and a solution was found, at least in principle, at the socalled Council of Jersusalem. It was more a compromise than anything else and the result was a culturally pluralistic Church.

One Worship Continued from Page Twelve and with the living tradition of the past." lIn ever-increasing numbers American Catholics visit Rome and the Holy Land. Such easy communicatlli international makes clearer the desirability of a minimal awareness of Latin chant among our people. .

No Easy


"All men desire peace, but few desire the things that make for peace." - Thomas a Kempis

THE ANCHORThurs., Sept. 22, 1977

A Verdade E A Vida Dirigida pelo Rev. Edmond Rego

D. D. Wilfred C. Sullivan Driscoll

Na Igreja primitiva, cada cristao sentia-se corresponsavel, portador duma mensagem de vida. Estes cristaos tinham encontrado Jesus Cristo. Ele tornou-se "Alguem" na sua vida. Era, para eles, 0 Mestre e 0 Senhor. Para eles isto mudava-lhes a face das coisas; tinham n'Ele 0 segredo da vida e·da morte; n'Ele e par Ele tinham aces so ao Pai no mesmo Esp{rito. Por isso sentiam a necessidade de se reunirem em conjunto a fim de proclamar a sua fe em Jesus e celebrar a Eucaristia, 0 memorial da Sua Paixao e da Sua Ressurrei~ao, e nao faziam senao um. Oeste modo os cristaos nao tinham necessidade dum preceito para confessar Cristo e celebrar os Seus misterios. Ele era a propria razao da sua vida. A reuniao dos disclpulos em volta da mesa do Senhor era uma exig~ncia logica da sua fe. Nao se endireitara fundamentalmente a presente situa~ao enquanto cada cristao nao cumprir a voca~ao, a grandeza, que a sua em virtude do seu baptismo e as comunidades cristas vivas, feitas de crist~os plenamente comprometidas, nao levar, ao corasao do mundo, 0 testemunho colectivo. Continuemos, porem, a leitura dos Actos dos Apostolos no sentido de esclarecer a nossa consciencia por compara~ao, quando nao por contraste. Lendo aqueTas p~ginas ficamos admirados ao verificar que a vida crist~ era a base dos multiplos encontros fraternos. . as primefros di sc{pul os, di z-se a{, eram asslduos ao ensino dos Apostolos, a uniao fraterna, a frac~ao do pao e as ara-


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Preci samos de pes·ar cada uma des tas palavras. A comunidade crista era uma comunidade "apostolica", quer dizer, centrada sobre a palavra de Deus transmitida, comentada, interpretada pelos Apostolos. Em princlpio temos aqui uma referencia essencial, uma comunidade nao e crista senao na medida em que existe 'esta liga~ao profunda aos apostolos bem como aos seus sucessores, e, atraves deles, a palavra de Deus. Esta comunidade distingue-se por urn calor de comunhao fraterna: IIVede como eles se amam" exclamavam as pessoas A sua volta. Esta comunhao nao e 0 resultado de conven~~es humanas, dum fim comum, pre-existente, escolhido de comum acordo; em si mesma ela se enraiza na comunhao com 0 Senhor, com a Sua palavra, 0 Seu Esplrito, a Sua Eucaristia. Declara-se expressamente que os fieis se congregavam para a frac~~o do pao, isto para celebrar, 0 memorial do Senhor Foi isso que Jesus recomendou aos Seus, participarem do misterio da Sua morte e da Sl{a ressurrei1ao"'ate que ele venha. II E0 proprio Jesus, vivendo neles, quem realiza esta unidade transcendente, para alem de tudo aquilo que separa e divide os homens. A historia da Igreja primitiva mostranos ig~almente como, pouco a pouco, a celebra~ao eucaristica se encaminha para 0 domingo. Ao princlpio os cristaos, como alias Jesus, continuam a freuqnetar 0 Templo de Jerusalem, reunindo-se entre si para orar e se instruitem com os ensinamentos do Mestre. a sabado, dia de repouso do povo judeu, cedeu 0 lugar, para os cristaos, ao domingo, reconhecido dia do Senhor. a significado desta escolha esclarece-se a luz pascal.

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THE ANCHORThurs., Sept. 22, 1977

focus on youth ...


By Cecilia Belanger How can we prove that Christ


is real? The age-old question asked of Christ HiI!lself - v, here is the proof? It is all around tiS. Libraries could not hold it all. Where to begin? There is so mtlch. In every human life that has been changed and exalted. In all the stories written on the tablets of heaven. In goodness and sympathy, in love and sacrifice, In suffering made bearable, in hope and progress, in outward nature, in the lives of saints, in unending influence which no one can record. Christ did not walk the earth so long ago that the earliest times of Christianity are not within our reach. If we can believe the accounts of the victories of an Alexander or 'a Caesar - before Christ - then certainly we should have no problem with an historical Jesus. Nothing takes place without leaving traces. And the birth of our Lord left many traces - reliable ones. Christianity has not been beyond the reach of hundreds of thousands of investigations. Our religion did not spring up before the time of authentic history. Its birth was not hidden in the obscurity of fabulous times. There is abundant material regarding its earliest stages and the attention of many sagacious men has been fixed on our Lord and Savior. We know with certainty the time when Christianity was founded. Heathen and Christian h'istorians speak iOf tMs point with one voice, Christianity was first preached in the age of Tiberius. Not a trace of it exists before that period.



.' How can we prove that Christ is real?

from a great variety of sources I couldn't live with myself and what, in the main, this religion my hypocrisy if I remained siwas as it came from the hands 'lent 'with all this blasphemy -taking ptac,e." of the founder.' Our God is not only spiritual Whoever is compelled, through but in our midst. But we need intimidation or what other rea;the spiritual so badly these days sons, to stifle his or her convicbecause visible and tangible ob- tions, owes it to the people Then a new religion must jects, restricted by time and around him to refrain from have it propagators, its first space, are too limited and ephe- teaching or preaching. We have teacher. They usually become inmeral to deserve ultimate trust enough hypocracy and lukewarm timately associated with the and devotion. "Thou shalt not Christians. founder. We have the testimony make unto thee any graven imWe don't need any more. There is no doubt who founded of all ages that these men were age." Alas, today the graven But we do need men and Christianity. Whenever there is called apostles. No others have images are on every screen, on women of courage! a new faith the first and most ever been named. magazine covers, on bill boards eager questions are "From whom , So we know not only when, and in dozens of commercials. does it come?" and "On whose w:!tere, and by whom Christian- This is why we need a lot of authority does it rest?" Curios- ity was introduced; we know courage today - and compassNOTICE ion to go along with it. Confess Jesus with courage Diocesan high schools are We must dare to address those who hold power, who asked to send news and photoshape human destiny, in other graphs of activities to The words, "the Pharaohs and their entourage." It takes no courage Anchor, P.O. Box 7, Fall River to become a domesticated 02722 for inclusion on this page.' "court chaplain," one who has access to places and centers of power, who would not for a moment endanger that access by any word of judgment. But it does take courage to speak with the dangerous sense of moral ultimacy. Prophetic preaching is a dangerous pursuit as Paul found out and modem-day Pauls have reconfirmed. The Church - according to its true idea and purpose - if it really is an association of sincere, genuine followers of Christ - should stand up as one body and confess Him to the world when the going is tough, not when it's easy. Are we to allow ourselves to -be called fluctuating in our devotion or are we to THEY'RE THE CHAMPS: Elizabeth and Claire Sullivan of Seekonk receive junior stand as a solid front? and senior girls' CYO tennis tournament trophies from Father Kevin J. Harrington, left, As one mother said, "I'm not of St. John the Evangelist Church, Attleboro. At right, Father Normand J. Boulet, area going to worry about what my CYO director, of St. Joseph's, Attleboro. (Frank Adams Photo) neighbors or anyone else thinks. We know the place where Christianity arose. No one can dispute the country of its birth. Its Jewish origin is not only testified by all history, but is stamped and woven into its very frame. The language in which it is conveyed carries us at ,once to Judea. Its name is derived from Jewish prophecy. None but Jews could have written the New Testament.

ity regarding individuals who claim divine commissions is int~nse. Such a person is the last to be overlooked or mistaken. c:!tristianity has always been ascribed to Jesus and to no one else.





Football Season In Full Swing , A number of non-league games last Saturday lifted the lid on the high school football season and virtually all schools will start actual league competition next Saturday. In some of the games last Saturday, Silver Lake Regional, of Kingston and the Old Colony League, upended Canton, of the Hockomock League, 9-0; Bridgewater-Raynham, of the Mayflower League, toppled Middleboro, of the South Shore League, 14-0; Dighton-Rehoboth, of the Southeastern Mass. Confer-

ence, defeated Bristol- Plymouth, of the Mayflower League, 13-6. Scores of some other weekend games were: Wareham 12, Barnstable 7 (both are So. E. Mass. Conference teams): Old Rochester, of the Conference, 22, West Bridgewater, Mayflower League, 0; New Bedford, New Bedford Yoke; Warren, R.I. 29, Case 16. Both New Bedford schools and Case are members· of the Conference, Warren is a member of the Rhode Island Interscholastic League.

Norton Makes Debut In Mayflower Leagu·e Norton, formerly with the Southeastern Mass. Conference, is making its Mayflower League debut this season, replacing Provincetown which has dropped football from its athletic program. From all indications Mayflower is a well-balanced league with no pre-season favorite for

the championship. The league's roster also includes Apponequet, the 1975 titlist, Bristol-Plymouth, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Manchester, Blue Hills Regional, Southeastern Regional and West Bridgewater. Martha's Vineyard won the league crown four years ago and Manchester is the defending champion.

Conference Schedule Opens Saturday With action limited to a single game in Division I and II in Division II, the Southeastern Mass. Conference opens its season Saturday. New Bedford is host to Dartmouth in the Division I encounter. Bishop Stang High entertains Barnstable and Coyle-Cassidy is home to Case in the Division II tilts. The Div-

ision II schedule starts on Oct. 1. Conference schools not scheduled for conference play Saturday have exhibition games lined up. Among those games are Somerset at Durfee (at Diman Yoke, Fall River), Dighton- Rehoboth at Fairhaven, Taunton at North Quincy, Wareham at New Bedford Yoke.

Hockomock Gridders Also Set Hockomock football gets underway Saturday with a fourgame card listing King Philip at Canton, North Attleboro at Shar-

on, Foxboro at Stoughton, and Oilver Ames at Mansfield. Franklin, which has the bye on this week's schedule, goes to Milford

for an exhibition game. King Philip routed Marshfield, 22-0, Stoughton bowed to Randolph, 6-0, Foxboro routed Westwood, 28-7, Mansfield drubbed Norton, 40-6, and Sharon tied Cardinal Spellman High, 14-14, in exhibition contests last Saturday. .


Somerset Meet Despite the intermittent rain, the Somerset High School's Invitational Cross Country meet last Saturday was an outstanding success. More than 250 run· ners participated in the 10-race event conducted with clock·like precision under the direction of Richard Bernardo of Westport, cross-country coach at Somerset High, aided by many volunteer workers. Gardner High "A" was the winner in the varsity event, which consisted of seven races. Coaches rated their seven top runners and entered each in a two-mile race according to their rating. Wachusett Regional, of Holden, was the runnerup followed by Pilgrim "A" of Warwick, Taunton, host Somerset, Middleboro, Seekonk, Shrewsbury, Boston College High "A", Gardner "B", Dighton-Rehoboth and Shrewsbury "B".


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Conference Soccer Both divisions in Southeastern Mass. Conference soccer have four-game cards tomorrow. In Division I, it will be New Bedford at Dennis-Yarmouth, Taunton at IBarnstable, Falmouth at Durfee, Diman at Westport while in Division II the schedule reads Attleboro at New Bedford Yoke, Stang at Old Rochester, Somerset at Holy Family, (7 p.m.) Dartmouth at 'Bishop Connolly High. Tuesday's games in Division I are New Bedford at Westport, Dennis-Yarmouth at Diman, Taunton at Durfee, Barnstable at Falmouth while in Division U New Bedford Yoke will be at Dartmouth, Old Rochester at Somerset, Attleboro at Connolly, Holy Family at Stang.

THE ANCHORThurs., Sept. 22, 1977


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,:, ,:-TOPS IN TENNIS: The state championship tennis team of Bishop Connolly High School, Fall River, was honored at a recognition dinner at which members received an award plaque. From left, Mike Haynes, New England Patriots rookie of the year; Mike Sheraton, tennis team member; Edward Pettine, coach; Hon. Margaret M. Heckler (R-Mass.); Joe McGuill, team member; Steve King, Patriots outside line backer.

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On Schools for Morality DeaconClasses GetUnderway SetCollegeFair AtStonehill AmericanSister IsDeniedBail AN ANCHOR OF THE SOUL, SUREAND FIRM...


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