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t eanc 0 VOL. 38, NO. 31

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Friday, August 12, 1994

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Father Coleman named Vicar General, Moderator of Curia

FATHER GEORGE W. COLEMAN

Bishop Sean P. O'Malley, OFM Cap., has appointed Father George W. Coleman Vicar General of the diocese and the first Moderator of the Curia, effective Sept. 15, in the first step of implementing a new model for administration in the diocese. Father Coleman, who will oversee a cabinet whose various components are in formation, "brings to this ministry strong administrative skills and a rich pastoral experience which are so important in assisting me in serving the people of God in Fall River," said Bishop O'Malley. Father Coleman has been pastor of Corpus Christi parish, Sandwich, since 1985 and dean of the Cape Cod and Islands Deanery since 1990. Born Feb. 1,1939, he is the son of the late George W. and Beatrice K. (Shea) Coleman. He graduated from Coyle High School in Taunton in 1957 and attended Holy Cross College, Worcester. He prepared for the priesthood at St. John's Seminary in Brighton and at the North American College in Rome, where he also earned a graduate degree in sacred theology from the Gregorian University. He also pursued graduate studies in religion at Brown University. He was ordained at the North American College Dec. 16, 1964, and assigned as associate pastor at St. Kilian's parish, New Bedford; St. Louis, Fall River; and Our Lady of Victory, Centerville. Upon his appointment to direct the Diocesan Department of Education in 1977, it was noted that he is considered by his peers to possess one of thc keenest and most distinguished minds in the diocese, and that during his two terms as president of the Priests' Senate in the early 1970s he demonstrated a dedication and commitment to the concerns of diocesan life, always reflecting deep pedagogical awareness and understanding. He was named pastor of St. Patrick's Church, Fall River, in 1982, serving there until his current pastorate. In addition, his ministries have included membership in the Presbyteral Council, directing the Fall River area Confraternity of Christian Doctrine in the 1960s, and serving as vocations coordinator for the Lower Cape area. He has also been involved in adult religious education and the ecumenical hunger relief organization Bread for the World.

Croatia visit on papal agenda for September ZAGREB, Croa.tia(CNS)- Pope John Paul II hopes a visit to Croatia this September will help end the fighting in the former Yugoslavia, said Cardinal Franjo Kuharic of Zagreb. "The pope eclipses all divisions, all conflicts and all bordl:rs by the universality of his mission," the cardinal said in televised talk announcing the papal trip. "He represents Jesus Christ, and Christ offers salvation to every person in every time and every civilization," he added. Cardinal Kuharic said the pope's original intent was to also visit the besieged Bosnian capital of Sarajevo and the Serbian capital of Belgrade as "an angel of peace" throughollt the ex-Yugoslavia. The Vatican has said that the continued fighting around Sarajevo makes a trip there highly unlikely in September and that the conditions are not right yet for a visit to Belgrade. Preliminary plans call for the pope to visit Croatia Sept. 11-12 as part of celebrations marking the 900th anniversary of the founding of the Archdiocese of Zagreb. Cardinal Kuharic said that plans are being made for the pope to celebrate

Masses in Zagreb and the national Marian shrine at Bistrica, about 40 miles northwest of Zagreb. A papal meeting with priests and religious is being organized, he said. Although Catholic and Serbian Orthodox church officials talked, no invitation to Belgrade was forthcoming. A diplomat said the Serbian government did not invite the pope because the Serbian church did not invite him. "This is a matter for churches," he said. "If the Serbian church invitee! him, the government would allow him to visit." The Serbian church's refusal to issue an invitation will cause disappointment at the Vatican. Despite the fact that Serbian propaganda demonizes him, the pope has been careful not to identify the Catholic Church solely with the sufferings of the Croats. who are predominantly Catholic. In addition to speaking of the suffering of Bosnian Muslims, the pope has referred to the suffering the sanctions are causing the population of Serbia. The pope has sought to make reconcili- . ation between the Catholic and Orthodox churches a priority. The Bosnian conllict

has dramatically worsened relations, already tense over Orthodox accusations of Catholic proselytism in Eastern Europe. Because of the situation, a visit to traditionally Catholic Croatia would test the pope's ability to handle delicate matters. He would want to distance himself from the more extreme wing of Croatian nationalism, which is strongly tinged with echoes of the World War II Nazi puppet regime in Zagreb. The war 50 years ago saw the same type of bloody ethnic and political conflict between the same groups who now are warring with each other in the Balkans. Hundreds of thousands of Serbian Orthodox were killed by the Croatian Ustasa regime, as today thousands of Muslims and Croatians have died at the hands of extreme nationalist Serbs. By scheduling a trip to Croatia, Pope John Paul II hopes to keep a promise made three years ago when Croatia flared as the hot war spot in the former Yugoslavia. The promise was made on rolling Hungarian farmland 20 miles from the Croatian border.

"I am hopeful to be able to visit you one day in the near future," the pope told the several hundred Croats who crossed the border for the Aug. 17, 1991, morning Mass. Two months earlier, Croatia had declared independence from Yugoslavia. The decision sparked a civil war between Croats and Serbs in Croatia who opposed separation ..The Serbs were supported by neighboring Serbia, the militarily and politically most important republic of what was then Yugoslavia. A papal visit to Croatia, said Cardinal KUharic, provides a focal point for the deepening of Christian faith and life, especially for "the sick, suffering, exiled and wounded." According to government figures, nearly 197,000 people have been displaced by the fighting in Croatia between Croats and Serbs. Government figures sayan additional 183,000 refugees in Croatia have fled the fighting in neighboring BosniaHerzegovina. One-third of the nearly 380.000 displaced and refugees are under 18, according to government figures.

_---"In This I s s u e - - _ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - , Bewure of Phony Compromises Page 8

Wisdom of the Elderly Page 10

Toughest of All Missions Page 12

Altar Girls F~nding Their Niche Page 13


, :'Caidirial:'''E~ill'' me insteadl"

Deacon meeting sets stage for 1995 world gathering NEW ORLEANS (CNS) The Vatican Congregation for the Clergy's plenary session next year on the permanent diaconate is being enthusiastically anticipated by the world's deacons, said the congregation's secretary at a gathering last month in New Orleans. Archbishop Crescenzio Sepe spoke to the first-of-its-kind meeting of permanent deacons' since the order was restored 'after the Second Vatican Council. In preparation for next year's plenary session, the world's bishops were sent a questionaire asking for specific information about the pe rmanent diaconate in their dioceses, he said. About 1,300 replies had been received, which, Archbishop Sepe joked, "is the first time a q uestionnaire from the Holy See received such a response." But, h~ added on a serious note, the response illustrates the interest in the diaconate. The information will be published eventually as a document that "will be applied universally" for the good of the diaconate, he said. Archbishop Sepe said the O<:tober路1995 plenary session is a logical follow-up to the 1990 world Synod of Bishops on priestly formation. Vatican 1I focused a great deal on bishops and the laity but said little about priests and deacons, he Saint Anne's Hospital gratefully ac.. knowtedges contributions that WE! have received to the Remem.. brance Fund during Jull, 1994.Through the remembrancE' and honor of these lives, Saint. Anne's can continue its 路Caring with Excellence." SAINT ANNE'S HOSPITAL REMEMBRANCE FUND .Ernest A Bettencourt Joseph W. Borges Ethel Bourque Mary Carreiro Denis Dionne Walter J. Eaton Dorothy Fillion Paul Fillion Jeffrey Fortin Adaline Franco Mariana Franco Blanche Gagne Joseph D. Gibney Joao Goncalo Virginia Iodice Nahem J. & Eva S. Jabbour Antoinette JaneCZko . Armand Laverdiere John Mathews Thomas McNamara Albertine Mello Ronald Morrisette Mrs. Edna Normandin Francis J, O'Neill Arnie Pallotta Josephine Parise Raymond E. Parise Muriel Riley . Dr. James J. Sabra Joseph C. Saulino Marie Snyder Clyde Wordell

'We are gratefulto..those ~o thoughtfUlly named Saint Anne's Hospital's Remembrance Fund.

said. Since then the 1990 synod, an apostolic exhortation and the pub'lication of a "Directory for the Ministry and Life of Priests" have addressed priests' needs. He predicted the plenary session would serve a similar purpose in expanding on the role and concerns of deacons. Another speaker, Auxiliary Bishop Curtis J. Guillory of GalvestonHouston, urged deacons to reread their rite of ordination. "It is rich a..nd inspiring," he said. "Don't lose sight of your ministry or you will wander around spiritually dry." Being effective in the world means deacons have to be deeply rooted spiritually, Bishop Guillory said. "Evil forces of the marketplace can cut him from his spiritual roots." He said a quick fix, or what he calls "microwave spirituality" where "you say a quick prayer and hope everything will be OK," won't work. He encouraged the deacons to take the time, energy and reflec'tion necessary to develop spiritually. "It's not just reading, attending Mass," he' said. "It comes from wrestling with the word of God day in and day out. It comes from listening to God in the marketplace. It comes from the courage to respond to the Word of God." "Spirituality comes over a long period of time," Bishop Guillory said. "But you need this when the strains and stress of ministry come about. Without a deep-rooted spirituality you will be racked apart. You will not have an answer or the courage to take a stand." He urged them to seek out places and ministries beyond their' parishes where they can help their diocese and the universal church, particularly in offering a multicultural connection to. the church. "Deacons and their wives have the opportunity fo impact the multicultural church because of their presence in the marketplace and because ofthe activity that revolves around families," he said. The conference, which drew about 850 deacons and their wives from the United States, Europe and Australia, was co-sponsored by the U.S. bishops' Committee on the Permanent Diaconate as a result of the deacons' initiative. Other sponsors were the National Association of Permanent Diaco-. nate Directors, the Native American Deacons Association, the National Association of Deacon Organizations, the National Association of African-American Catholic Deacons, the National Diaconallnstitute for Continuing Education and the National Association of Hispanic Deacons. Several other members of the bishops' committee spoke on subjects such as pastoral ministry and preaching in a multicultural society. Workshops ,were held on family life issues; the rights and obligations of deacons; and pastoral skills . 'and types of ministries. .,One session for wives with rpembers of the bishops' committee' raised the possibility of a separate organization of deacons' wives. " Like the various organizations for deacons; such a group would have to develop at the women's' initiative, said Bishop Dale J.

UPLIFTING DEVELOPMENT: Debra Farias cuts the ribbon while pastor Father Patrick Killilea, SS.Cc., blesses a new elevator complex at St. Joseph's Church, Fairhaven. The renovation of St. Joseph's to improve handicapped access. includes two handicap bathrooms and a handicap reconciliation room in addition to the 20-person capacity elevator. Also, several pews were removed at the front of the church to make room for Wheelchairs.

Vatican asks Aug. 14 prayers for Rwanda VAT1CAN CITY (CNS) - The Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacramen~s has asked bishops' conferences throughout the world to see that Masses celebrated Aug. 14 include special prayers for Rwanda. Masses fulfilling the Sunday obligation that weekend should use the special prayers for refugees and exiles found in the Roman Missal, said the notice released Aug. 9 by the Vatican press office. The unusual request said the universal celebration of a Mass with special intentions is called for "in the case of a particulai-Iy serious need." "Faithful to the liturgical tradition of the Roman Rite, it is fitting that when it happens th,at a community in a given place suffers from various dangers or calamities, the people of God should implore divine assistance in liturgical celebrations," said the notice. 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111

Melczek, chairman of the bishops' diaconate committee and apostolic administrator of the Diocese of Gary, Ind. Bishop Melczek 'recalled the pope's visit with deacons during his 1987 U.S. trip and at the time the deacons "perceived the value in meeting with deacons from around the country to share their experiences and support." He' added that the bishops' committee has"amandate to be supportive of the men and their wives' and "to facilitate their frlinistry," and so saw the value in hilVing the New Orlean's gathering and "being present for them" there. ,,'

"At the present time, as is known to all, our brothers and sisters who live in Rwanda are suffering extremely grave hardships," it said. The' congregation said it was "not only opportune to recall the duty of all to make petitions for those who suffer any need," but also to suggest that a special Mass be celebrated throughout the world using the texts of special intentions for refugees and exiles. The normal Sunday readings may be used, the notice said, or readings suitable to the special intention for Rwanda may be substituted. Archbishop Geraldo M. Agnelo, secretary of the congregation, told Catholic News Service Aug. 9, "the Holy Father has said on a number of occasions not only that everyone must get involved" in providing assistance to Rwandan refugees, "but also that prayer is very important." "We thought it opportune to promote a universal prayer for the' refugees and for peace," he said. At the very least, Archbishop Agnelo said, the prayers of the faithful should include a petition for Rwanda. He said the opening prayer, prayer after the offering of gifts and the prayer after Communion should 路be those found in t~e missal for Masses for,refug es. 7

:- Reaping the Whirlwind "If you sow the seed of violence in your struggles, unborn genera-' . ti~ns will reap the whirlwind of spcial disintegration."-Martin luther-King Jt.~.. ..1 .. - - ......

NEW YORK (CNS) -~ "If anyone has an urge to kill an abortionist, let him kill me instead," said Cardinal John J. O'Connor of New York. "That's about as clearly as I can renounce such madness," he said. He made his comments .in his weekly column in his archdiocesan newspaper, Catholic New York, amid a new national debate over violence and promotion of violence by extremist opponents of abortion. The debate was provoked hy the July 29 murder of Dr. John B. Britton and his escort, JamesH. Barrett, at The Ladies Centl:r, an abortion clinic in Pensacola, Fla. Paul Hill was charged in the murders. The New York Times revealed Aug. 4 that the FBI has begun investigating the possibility of a conspiracy to commit violence at abortion clinics. The Times said FBI field o:Jices across the country were sent a list of anti-abortion militants who had signed a declaration saying that the killing of abortionists is "; ustifiable homicide." The paper said the confidential memo instructed field officers to make preliminary inquiries in order to learn "whether a full investigation is warranted." The declaration that killing of abortionists can be justified was reportedly signed by 25 militants, including Hill and an Alabama Catholic priest, Father David C. Trosch, a friend of Hill's. Father Trosch has been susp,ended from all priestly ministry since last August, when he first argued publicly that church teaching permits the killing of abortionistH. Archbishop Oscar H. Lipscomb of Mobile, Ala., who removed the priest from his parish and suspended him a year ago, reiterated in a column Aug. 5 that Father Trosch is "no longer in good standing" in the archdiocese and that his position is "contrary to Catholic 1JI0rai tradition." Cardinal O'Connor said he made his dramatic plea in order to make the pro-life movement's repugna nee for murder clear and to call the media to task for "accusing prolife leaders of causing the deaths and "failing to distinguish betwl:en legitimate consciousness-raisers and madmen." He asked if Harriet Beecher Stowe, whose "Uncle Tom's Cabin" drew the nation's attention to the evils of slavery, should be hl~ld' guilty of all the deaths, atrocities, and looting of the Civil War. . "Stand up, Harriet Beecher Stowe," he wrote, "stand up to be tried, or rather stand up to be declared guilty without trial, by the same honorable members of the media who are now busily declaring the guilt of virtually eVI:ry pro-life leader in the nation" for the Pensacola killings. ' "The kiITing of Dr. Britton and Mr. Barrett was tragic, sense1l:ss and horrifying to everyone with a sense of the sacredness of, human . life. It is to be deplored and a.bhorred in every way." ."But," !'Ie added, "neither I nor any other responsib'le individual in the' pro-life. movement ~ill ~e intimidated by columnists, editoricllists, pro-abortion activists or anyone, else, to st.op pleading for sanity in respect to every human life, the life of the abortionist, the life of the baby. about to be aborted~"


THE ANCHOR -t-;-pioces~,Qf:f,~llRiver.~,Fri., A:u,g. 1.2, )994

3

Doing a good job WASHINGTON (CNS) - Parish-based religious education is doing an effective job of forming young Catholics, according to a national study by the Washington office of Ed ucational Testing Service. "Students in Catholic schools and students in parish programs were generally similar in their perceptions of God, their perceptions of themselves as followers of Christ, their participation in the

Eucharist and their identity as Catholics," said the recently released study. "In religious knowledge, Catholic school students tended to hold a slight edge," it said, but "both school and parish programs seem to be effectively communicating a basic understanding of Catholic doctrine."

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either faith or community than overcoming current threats to family life. ' "Nowhere is the challenge to our faith and to our very communities more felt than in our struggle today to sustain, maintain and nurture not only the concept of Christian family, but the very reality of the family," Bishop Wuerl said. "Around us in our own .countries, but specificaliy here in the United States, we have sadly witnessed the undermiring of family values and the concomitant collapse of much of family life," he said. "Is it any wonder that we are confronte9 with a new harshness in our. society, a coldness and insensitivity to human need, and a new' violence that haunts our schools, our ·streets, our homes [and) our communities?" "The crisis of family life is a direct result of the crisis in the spiritual and moral life of our nation," Cardinal Bevilacqua, formerly bishop of Pittsburgh, said in an address. "N one of us can remain silent or inactive," he added, urging a variety of steps, including prayer. Cardinal Mahony, chairman of the U.S. bishops' Pr()-Life Activi-

Diocese of Fall River , I

OFFICIAL

His Excelle:ncy, the Most Rev. Sean P. O'Mall~y" q.F.M. Cap., Bishop of Fall River, has made the following appoin~­ ments: Reverend George W. Coleman from Pastor Of Corpus Christi Parish, Sandwich, to Vicar General of die Diocese of Fall River and Moderator of the Curia.

Effective September 15, 1994

ties Committee, discussed the implications of including abortion in a national health care reform package. Among other results, "Catholic health care providers would likely have to refer patients to abortionists," Cardinal Mahony said. "It would mean that tbe Knights of Columbus would have to provide everyone of its employees with insurance' for abortion on demand. And every Catholic diocese, every Catholic parish, every Catholic school would have to .do the same." A resolution approved during the convention said abortion coverage in health care reform would "grossly violate the consciences of millions of Americans." Other resolutions passed during the convention reiterated the Knights' opposition to legalized abortion, euthanasia a nd assisted suicide, and to sex ed ucation stressing "biology, birth control and diverse sexual lifestyles." The Knights also reaffirmed their support for school choice which includes Catholic schools, and of church teaching on marril\ge and family. They supported the pope's concerns about the upcoming U.N.sponsored conference on population and development to be held in Cairo, Egypt. Bishop James T. McHugh of Camden, N.J., who will bea member of the Vatican delegation at the conference, said many developing nations "are in general agreement with the Holy See" on population and development issues, while some developed countries, mainly in Western Europe. have been "looking for ways to shape some type of consensus." . " ,He critiCized the O.S. government as, "the bulwark of obstr\lction," with "representatives [who] are single~minded,hard-headed and intransigent, and who are using both the power and prestige of this nation to insure the agreement and support of other nations for the so-called American point ofview." About 2,000 Knights attended the 1.5 million-member organization's ll2th convention in Pittsburgh.

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Famil:y is topic at K. of C. conventi.on PITTSBURGH (eNS) - The shaky stature of the family took center stage when the Knights of Columbus met Aug. 2-4 in Pittsburgh. Calls to restore th,~ standing of the family amid laments over threats to its sanctity were issued by Pope John Paul'lI, Cardinals Anthony J. Bevilacqua of Philadelphia and Roger M. Mahony of Los Angeles. and Bishop Donald' W. Wuerl of Pittsburgh. The church's defense of the family is "an essential part of her service to civil society," the pope said in a message read at the convention. "Who can deny that society today is experiencing a profound crisis precisely in relation to the family and to the values of self-sacrificing love, lasting fidelity, respect for life and concern for the weak and less fortunate?" the pope asked. "The very future of society depends on safeguarding these fundamental moral values which, in God's plan, the family is called to embody and to pass on." The pope said, "No one concerned for the future of society can fail to perceive the extent of the present crisis." In a homily, Bishop Wuerl said no greater challenge confronts

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The vision of Vatican II continues to guide the Church as she prepares to enter a new century. One of the more prophetic documents that emerged from this great event in Church history is the Pastoral Cons.titution on the Church in the Modern World. In its introductory statement, the Council Fathers declare that the Church has always had the "responsibility of reading the signs of the time and of interpreting them in the light of the GospeL" Thus the Church must understand our world, its expectations, longings and characteristics. All of us are aware that we are passing through a period of profound and rapid change; and of course with all change comes challenge. One area of change that will have a special impact on the U.S. Church during the next 15 years will involve population and peoples. Fifteen years from now our population is projected to number well over 300 million, as opposed to our present 256.5 million. There will be over 20 million more households and a leap in the number of members of racial minorities, especially among Asian and Hispanic groups, which are expected to comprise close to 20 percent of the total population. There is no way to measure illegal immigration, but it will also be a . factor to be taken into account. Meanwhile, this expanding population will be on the move. State and metropolitan censuses in the southern, northern and western areas of the country will mushroom. Florida, Arizona, Nevada and Alaska are expected to experience a 50 percent jump in population, while the Midwest will see the smallest growth. One of the more interesting forecasts concerns the workplace. It is predicted that about 30 million more jobs will exist to years from now but that they will demand better education. There will be plenty of service-oriented positions but those filling them will need training in new skills. The average age of retirement will probably inch closer to 70, partially ~ecause people will wish to reduce or eliminate their debts before quitting the workforce, and partially C1'iS/ MetropolllJln M....um of Art photo of Amhrolio 80;10100â&#x20AC;˘â&#x20AC;˘ pa1otlol because as people live longer in better health, they will need AUG. IS-THE FEAST OF THE ASSUMPTION increased retirement resources. Indeed, .it is expected that more people will semi-retire, continuing to work parttime. "All ages shall come to call me blessed." Luke 1:48 It should be obvious that all these changes will affect our lifestyles. Political parties are gearing up for new voters and congressional seats as population figures rise. Better-educated members of minority groups will take over many political VATICAN CITY (CNS) - The ference during a meeting in March. simply be to help people aC':umupositions and Catholics should take a lesson from this. Cur- Vatican's effort to influence the True development. according to late more wealth or have aCI:ess to rently there are some 10 million recorded U.S. Catholics and U. N.'s International Conference Catholic social teaching, requires more goods and services. the: pope no one knows how many more are unaccounted for. on Population and Development that individuals be given access to told Nafis Sadik. the secretary Church endeavors in the area of social concerns will need .isn't just about abortion and con- the tools and opportunities which general of the U. N. conference. "Development programs must new vision and new resources. Immigrants should certainly be traception. It's also about develop- would allow them to improve their ment. be built on justice and equality. own situations. that of their famia prime concern. Such new Americans must be welcomed by In much of the debate about the lies and their countries in ways enabling people to live in 'dignity. the Church; and her educational mission will have to be conference to be held in Cairo. consistent with their religious and harmony and peace." he said. adapted to meet the demands of preaching the Word to them. Egypt. as well as in the bulk of the moral values. The key to that dignity, he wrote in his 1991 encyclical "Centesimus As populations shift, the Church will be challenged to con- conference working document. The demographic profile of a solidate and solidify its resources. New dioceses will be estab- "the development part of the equa- country is an important part of its Annus," is a guarantee of human ha's been pushed aside." said a development picture. the Vatican rights including: the right to life, to lished, while older ones may see massive structural change. tion Vatican official. position says. but it cannot be grow up within a united family. to The laity will be relied upon as never before to assume their The experience of many Latin separated from other factors such develop one's intelligence, to work proper role in the Church. Bishops and pastors will have an American. Asian and European as natural resources, health care. 'and to freely establish a family. One of the Vatican's concerns increased responsibility to hear, distinguish and interpret the countries has shown that as their education and the presence of proeconomy develops and the educa- fessionals who can make prudent about the proposals in the Cairo many voices of our age and to respond justly and prudently. tion and health of all their citizens use of national resources, relations document for increasing the availWe need not fear the future! Indeed, change can enrich the improve. population growth slows. with other nations and access to ability of contraceptives i!; that Church because whatever benefits the human community, "But Cairo is looking for a short- 'international markets. a stable govother essential developmem proespecially at the family level, also contributes to the Church cut to population stabilization ernment system and a fair distri- grams - programs which are not morally objectionable to anyone community. The Editor . through abortion and contracep- bution of wealth.

.Development concerns Vatican, t()O

the¡ OFfiCIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF FALL RIVER Published weekly by The Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River 887 Highland Avenue P.O. BOX 7 Fall River, MA 02720 Fall River, MA 02722-0007 Telephone 508-675-7151 FAX (508) 675-7048 Send address changes to P.O. Box 7 or call telephone number above

EDITOR Rev. John F, Moore

GENERAL MANAGER Rosemary Dussault . . . . Leary Pfess~fall RIver

tives." the Vatican official said. In addition to what the Vatican sees as the moral errors of that shortcut. it questions the human impact of the approach and its long-term effectiveness for real development in poor countries. "Population policies should be part of overall policies of socioeconomic development. and not a substitute for them." said the Vatican's official response to the last U.N. population conference. held in Mexico City in 1984. "All development worthy of the name must be. integral. that is, it must be directed to the true good of every person and of the whole person." Pope John Paul told the secretary general of the Cairo con-

"The Cairo document oversimplifies development to place population growth at the center of the world's problems." the Vatican official said. ' "Education is a key element especially the education of women and giving them decision-making positions in society and more economic security." he said. Maternal and early childhood health are also key. Once couples no longer have to wonder about how many of their children will survive into adulthood and worry about who will care for them in their old age. they naturally tend to have fewer children. he said. The aim of development cannot

- may be cut to finance pcpulation control efforts. Many of those programs. especially health and education efforts, are coordinated by the Cal:holic Church or Catholic development agencies. "The church has a special interest ... in seeing that its enormous contribution in the health care and ed ucation sectors not be compromised." Msgr. Diarmuid Martin. ,secretary of the' Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace. told the African synod in April. But its deeper concern. he said. is "a concern for the defense of humanity. for the authentic values of the various cultures and for the entire Christian heritage."


Thewornan and thfe dragoll Q. Could you help us understand the passage about the woman and the dragon inlhe book of Apocalypse (Revelation), Chapter '12? I know I've read that it refers to the Blessed Virgin, but my Bible says this woman is lIlot she. The prophecy and the details do not fit her, it says. "By accommodation the church applies thiis verse to the Blessed Virgin," since she gave birth to Christ. After 57 years as a Catholic, I would like to know what this means. (Maryland) A. The edition of the Bible you quote is the Catholic Confraternity Version, which pre-dates several more recent translations and editions. What it says, however, is basically true. In its liturgy the church often refers this and similar passages to the mother of our Lord, since some aspects of those symbols can apply to h,er and to her role in salvation. Such applications do not change the meaning of the te:xts, however, and do not imply that the authors in fact intended such passages to refer to Mary. The verses from Revelation to which you refer are the first reading for the feast of the Assumption. The responsorial psalm (45) for the same feast is another good example. The queen of that psalm, who "stands at your(king's) right hand," certainly was not the 1110ther ,of Christ. In fact, the church, influenced by the letter to the Hebrews ( I :8), has tended more to apply the psalm allegorically to our Lord and his coming into our world than to Mary. Nevertheless, because the words as they stand are appropriate for Mary the church doesn't hesitate to use them this way. Catholic worship constantly takes advantage of this kind of allegorical interpretation, particularly of Old Testament personalities and situations. Take just one further example. In devotions and spiritual writings honoring St. Jos'eph we often encounter the biblical phrase, "Go to Joseph," encouraging Christians to seek his prayers before the throne of God. In the Bible, however, the words have nothing to do with the husband of Mary. The:y were spoken

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RE)~DI

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Aug. 15: Rv 11:19; 12:16,10; Ps 45:10-12,16; 1 Cor 15:20-26;lk 1:39-56 Aug. 16: Ez 28:1-10; Dt 32:26-28,30,35-36; Mt 19:2330 Aug. 17: Ez 34:1-11; Ps 23:1-6; Mt 20:1-16 Aug. 18: Ez 36:23-28; Ps 51:12-15,18~19; Mt 22:1-14 Aug. 19: Ez 37:1~14; oops 107:2-9; Mt 22:34-40 Aug. 20: Ez 43:1,-7; PS 85:9-14; Mt '23:1-12 Aug. 21; Jos 24:1-2,1517,18; Ps 34:2-3,16-23; Eph 5:21-32; In 6:60-69 I

Jordan gets nuncio VATICAN CITY (CNS) Pope John Paul II has named Msgr. Giuseppe Lazzarotto, an official in the Vatican Secretariat of State and former staff member of the Vatican delegation in Jerusalem, the first nuncio to Jordan. In addition to naming the monsignor an archbishop, the pope appointed him apostolic nuncio to Iraq. The 52-year-old Italian was ordained to the priesthood In 1967 and entered the Vatican's diplomatic service in 1971, working in Zambia, Belgium, Cuba and Jerusalem before becoming an official in the secretariat.

THE ANCHOR -

Diocese of Fall River -

Fri., Aug. 12, 1994

5

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By FATHER JOHN DIETZEN perhaps 12 centuries before Christ by the Egyptian pharaoh, telling hungry people to go to Joseph, son of Jacob, who rationed the food in a time of famine. In their own manner, the words "fit" our St. Joseph and thus find their way into our devotion. As for your further question about Revelation, the strange, mystifying symbolism and imagery in that book are a classic example of what is called apocalyptic writing. They point in a veiled and cryptic way to the corruption and final collapse of the arrogant power of the Roman Empire, and encourage Christains to keep their faith and hope in a time of terrible persecution. Precise meanings of many passages, like the one you bring up, are hard to pin down. But many fine introductions to this book are available. As I've mentioned before, the information in the Catholic New American Bible is'a good phice to start. A free brochure outlining basic Catholic prayers, beliefs and practices is available: by sending a stamped self-addressed envelope to Father John Dietzen, Holy Trinity Church, 704 N. Main St., Bloomington, III. 61701. Questions for this column should be sent to Father Dietzen at the same address.

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Smoking banned PHOENIX (CNS) - Two Phoenix pastors ha ve joined in the nosmoking cause by banning smoking in their parish halls. ' The pastors, from SS. Simon and Jude Cathedral and St. Helen Parish, say the ban takes a stand against smoking that has been neglected by the church. "We should have been or should be in the forefron,t of this movement to prOITIote good health practices - not dragging our feet," , said Father Robert Voss, pastor of St. Helen·s. "Really we should be doing more to encou'rage our own parishioners to kick the habit," he added. 'q would personally rather lose the income that I would gain renting the hall than I would allow things that would injure people's health," he told The Catholic Sun, Phoenix diocesan paper. ' I111II1111111111111111111111111111I111111111111111I1111IIIIIIIIilllllili THE ANCHOR (USPS-545-020). Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River. Ma~s, Published weekly except the week of July 4 and the week after <:hrislmas ut X87 Highland Avenue. Fall River. Mass. 02720 by the Catholic Press 01' the Diocese of Fall River. Subscription price by mail. postpaid $11.00 per yea r. Post masters send add ress changes 10 The Anchor. P.O. Hox 7. Fall River. MA 02722,

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". By Dear Mary: About a year ago I lost my husband. Except for visiting my children briefly, I have done little except try to get through the past year. I think I need to get some activity into my life. My children are urging me to travel, but I have never done so alone. I like my friends, but I do notfeelcomfortablejoining,a group of strangers~ -:' Pennsylvania You have give'n your situation some 'thought and you seem to know what you do not want to do. ,You also want to'hegiQlo do new , Jhings.You need to start in aSlT\al1 way to find things with'which you . , are comfortab,le.· Probably you wantto maintain close ties.'withyour children, 'yet their actiVities and interests are differentrromyours. You cannot develop a fulfilling life living through your children. Among people your age look for others who are in a similar situation. Often widows and widowers notice that whe'n a spouse dies they are dropped from social activities involving couples. However thoughtless such behavior is, if it happens you need to look

elsewhere for support and companionship. Think of three or four others in your community who are divorced or widowed. Include people even if you do not know them well. Call one with a specific proposal: Meet for lunch or attend a social activity together. If you already share a mutual interest art, crafts, music, local govern'ment, discussion group - you can select ari activity you would both enjoy. Friendships,develop better when ' .you'share, comtnoninterests than' ,when, you simply',liveiri the'same nt;ighborhood. If your first effort fails, choose another person and keep trying. " , Besides companionship, you can get on better with your life by developing structure. You need 'not and should not plan every minute. However, without any structure the person'living at home full time can become uneasy ,over the aimlessness of life. Choose one or two activities that you do regularly at a certain time on certain days. Walking or bicycling three to five times per week is'an excellent activity which

M,others Matter CARD COUNT: Scott McDaniel counts cards signed during a "True Love Waits" youth rally held in front of the Capitol July 29. Some of the more than 200,000 chastity cards signed by young people in the United States were planted on the Mall in Washington. A copy of the card distributed to Catholic teens appears on page 15. (CNS photo)

Chant 'enchantment By Father Eugene Hemrick I have to wonder if the latest rage over Gregorian chant will last. The hit album "Chant," performed by the cloistered Benedictine monks of Santo Domingo de Silo in northern Spain, has sold more than 2 million copies in the United States. "Chant" has been the topic of several television stories and also is a hit in 20 other countries. In an old monastery just outside New York City, I've seen people of all ages sitting on the porticos andlistening to Gregorian chant, which is piped throughout the grounds. Witnessing their meditative mood, I wondered if they were trying to shut out the stresses of city living. I remember walking into a bicycle shop and experiencing something similar. About a dozen people were patiently waiting to be served. The usual fuss was missing. I puzzled over why tllis was so until I listened closely and heard so'ft Gregoria,n chant playing in the background. Was this the rea- . 'son for the caim? The "Chant" album is being promoted as an antidote to stress. The promotion is' on the right , track. But what people need is more t!tan Sunday jaunt to a ' , monastery. Ano people may want 'to realize that chant is communal p.rayer, not a privatized, highly individualized moment ofisolation: Chant is the kind of prayer that leads us toward others, not away from them. As I think about chant, I recall my seminary formation days when it was not uncommon to hear men complain about being "Mast>edout." We lived in chapel and frequently would attend two Masses a day.

a

However, few complaints were heard about the second Mass on Sunday. Often we were treated to fla wiess ceremonies, well-prepared homilies, the beauty of polyphonic music and the simplicity of Gregorian chant. I must admit that at the time I enjoyed the triumphal polyphony more than the chant. This changed when I celebrated Mass with the Benedictine monks of Heidelberg. We rose very early, went to chapel and began the day with morning prayer in chant. The monastic setting fostered a sense of prayer, and the peaceful sound of prayerful chant touched me deeply. One of the beauties of chant is its unnished simplicity. It does not have a wide range of sounds like polyphony, nor does it ever grow very loud. Rather, it has a quietness that lends itself to prayer. Chant allows a person to ,be still, and in that stillness to listen better to God ani:! to the' self. No doubt about it, this relieves S!ress. But chant goes deeper than even this with its words. Chant is much more than sound; it is sung, prayer. It speaks of life and death, and it praises the wonders of God. , , Classical composers have u'sed the haunting sounds of "Dies il'lle, dies iila" to bring home their reflections 'on death and the day of reckoning. On the other hand, the "Magnificat" is a glorious reminder of the joyful humility of Mary at being chosen the mother of God. To fully appreciate chant is to understand the prayer being sung. To cherish chant, we need to allow it to make listeners of us - to allow our listening to become prayer. If this is done, chant becomes an enduring friend.

Before I met Kay Willis I had heard of her work - a program called Mothers Matter. Her organization has gotten attention in women's magazines and on television talk shows. Her point is that "Motherhood should be recognized as a profession because mothers make the most important contribution there is to [achieving] a good society." In a way, this mother of 10 children is an iconoclast, smashing some myths and replacing them with honesty. What gets to her is the way people' who never had children come up with all the answers on how to raise them. And then she tackles something she calls "the conspiracy of silence in parenting." "This little bundle changes your life, and you have no time off' from mothering. "Sleep deprivation, pain," and such things that affect your body, no one talks about that. When reality sets in, and mother realizes she has limitations, then she begins to "generate destructive stress ... and a diminishing sense of self." For Ms. Willis, that's where

a

Mothers Matter comes in. She believes that meeting with mothers who can honestly exchange hurts and helps is educational. She knows from the hundreds of talks she's given to mothers that she has helped them "transform motherhood from a bewildering, self-sacrificing role into a career that adds to a woman's self-esteem." One thing she has is credibility. She's been there 10 times over, and doesn't regret a minute of it. She says she learned from her Catholic faith and her parents that it was important "to be grateful for what you had." She still gives thanks for a husband who faithfully loved her until his death six years ago, for the 10 children who were with their father when he died and for a mother who helped her. "It took me three years to get through the grieving after the death of my husband Ben," she says. "But then I· realized I was too young to live on memories." Besides, she had Mothers Matter, which is kind of a mission for her. Ms. Willis points out that she wasn't a feminist, but had six

Dr.JAMES& MARY KENNY

gives you structure and improved health. If you invite someone to join you, you add companionship as'well. .' Attending church or volunteering on a regular basis als·:> adds structure to your life. One of the happiest and most fulfilled retirees in·our community "works" every day of the week on his : many . volunteeractivities. He is 92. Once you add companionship and structure to your life,other activities can easily follow. You might travel with one of yo ur new friends, either planning YOllr own trip or selecting a tour. YI)U can get as involved and busy as you want to be. Reader questions on family living and child care to be am.wered in print are invited by The Kennys; 219 W. Harrison; Rensselaer, Ind. 47978•.

By ANTOINETTE BOSCO

daughters who helped educnte her about modern motherhood. 'q grew through them," she said, telling one amusing story. When she was composing a resume to advertise her availability to give talks, she included that she had 10 children. "My oldest daughter convinced me to take that out. She said, 'Who would want to listen to anyone dumb enough to have 10 kids?''' She now has expanded her program to include fathers, grar.,dparents and people experiencing the empty nest. But her main goal has remained the same as when she started out. "Mothers don't know how to give themselves a treat. I want to help make mothers feel good about themselves ... and so increase the enjoyment of their parenting."

Birthday party guru Modestly, at one time I had a bit "What about them?" I answered. .'of a reputation as the guru of boys' "Quick, guys," he beamed, "bebirthday parties. This is largely fore he changes his mind." because my party planning was When they were done (that is, founded on the basics of young when I turned off the water after boys' interests: food, violence, noise two hours ),' we ho'sed them down and chaos. and served birthday cake in what After enduring a couple of fastbecame"the traditional manner fC:lOd outlet "party specials" 'when' no' silverware, no napkins, TlO our boys were 3 or 4, I decided I glasses. could stage my own melee - cheap- , Eat cake with hands. Ooh'ga. er arid better. Eat ice cream with hands. Oohga, Water sports ~merged as a popoogha. Drink root beer straight ular theme. At age 5, oldest son from plastic liter bottles and' pass and eight fellow Earthlings were 'em around. marched to a nearby vacant lot. No.2 son's 6th birthday extraEach was presented with a shovel.. vaganza featured two five-gallon Two garden hoses were laid before . buckets of river rocks and a couple them, spitting and hissing. wheel barrow loads of jars and "Make mud," I told them. bottles. Nine mouths dropped open We varied the theme at age 7. simultaneously: "Make mud?" Each boy made his own 'slingshot "What about my clothes?" my from tree branch forks, kite string son frowned. and inner tube strips. You should

By·

DAN MORRIS

se~ a mayonnaise bottle explode when. it's kah-winged with a catseye marble at 40 feet. Eventually, our boys' interest in parties for them waned. At least that's what I tholjght. ' "Got any ideas for my graduation party?" our 18-year-old asked this year. "Let me think," I said. "Fl::ndamentals. What are near and dear toan 18-year-old young man's heart?" He blushed. I laughed. "Gu,ess a bucket 'of rocks and a wheel barrow full of jars aren't goin.g to work, eh?"


Bishops decry conscience rule for remarriage PHILADELPHIA(CNS)-In a joint letter to their priests, the Catholic bishops of Pennsylvania rejected the idea that divorced Catholics living in an unsanctioned second marriage can receive communion. They praised efforts to improve pastoral care of divorced-remarried Catholics. Butthey said that when a first marriage bond still exists, "those who have remarried and live in a sexual relationship" are in an "adulterous situation" which "excludes them from eucharistic communion and from reception of other sacraments.'" Only those who have not remarried or those who, though married again, "seek to live in complete continence" are eligible to receive the sacraments, they said. "The use of the so-called 'internal forum solution' for cases of divorced and remarried persons who are personally convinced that their previous marriage was invalid is unacceptable, unnecessary and pastorally unsound," they said. "We believe that those who promote unacceptable pastoral initiatives among divorced Catholics are in fact harming the spiritual welfare of those vl~ry persons they intend to help," the bishops wrote. They said the judicial rules the church has in pla.ce to. deal with claims of an invalid first marriage "are, in our view, comprehensive and responsive enough to declare invalid all marriages which truly are." They urged Catholics in irregular marriages who consider a previous marriage invalid "to avail themselves of the tribunal process in their local diocese with the hope of being completdy reconciled to the sacramental life of the church." The 3,600-word letter, titled "In Truth and Love," was issued in booklet form, signed by the state's 17 bishops - 10 heads of dioceses and seven auxiliaries - including the bishops of the Eastern-rite archdioceses of Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. The bishops said when the new Code of Canon Law was adopted in 1983, two new provisions were incorporated "precisely to address cases in which proofs of invalidity - other than the declaration of the parties - are: not available." The two provisions - Canon

1536, Paragraph 2, and Canon 1679 - permit uSe of testimony of the parties as the primary basis for a judicial decision when a case cannot be proven by independent evidence, provided objective evidence or testimony of other witnesses corroborates their testimony. The Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, which sets out general laws governing Catholics of the Eastern rites, has virtually identical provisions in Canon 1217, Paragraph 2, and Canon 1365. In their letter the bishops warned of misunderstandings of church teaching and practice regarding divorce. "Some people, inside and outside the Catholic community, incorrectly think that once a person has divorced, he or she is no longer a member of the church. Such is not the case," they said. The church's problem is with an irregular second marriage, they said. They cited Jesus' teaching that a man or woman who divorces one spouse and marries another "is guilty of adultery." "It is the adulterous situation and not simply the divorce which places those in this situation in opposition to the faith and practice of the church," they said. They also stressed that while those in an irregular marriage are excluded from the sacraments, they are not excommunicated or cut off from all church life. "There arc many other valuable spiritual practices which they can and should embrace, activities that serve to maintain some degree of union with Christ and his church," they said. The Pennsylvania bishops' letter contrasted with the approach taken .Iast September by three bishops in Germany, who told their priests to accept the decisions of those in irregular marriages who in good conscience were convinced that their first marriages were invalid. Other bishops have not followed the German bishops, however. Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger~ head of the Vatican's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, said later that his congregation was working with the German trio to resolve "some problems'; in their approach. He did not elaborate.

praye~BOX AUI:¡13 1896, Rev. Edward J. Sheridan, Pastor, St. Mary, Taunton 1964, Rt. Rev. Leonard J. Daley, Pastor, St. Francis Xavier, Hyannis 1991, Rev. Gabriel Swol, OFM Conv, Former Associate Pastor, Holy Rosary, Taunton Aug. 14 1947, Rev. Raphael Marciniak, OFM Conv, Pastor, Holy Cross, Fall River 1969, Rev. Conrad Lamb, O.S.B., Missionary in Guatemala Aug. 15 1926, Rev. Charles W. Cullen, Founder, Holy Family, East Taunton Aug. 17 1882, Rev. Cornelius O'Connor, Pastor, HolyTrinity, West Harwich Aug. 18 1977, Rev. Msgr. William H. Dolan, Pastor Emeritus, Holy Family, East Taunton

F or A bortion Victims Blessed are you, Lord God, for the gift of life. I pray for those who have been untimely deprived of life through the tragedy of abortion. Gather them to yourself, Lord, in your great mercy. Guide with your wisdom all pregnant mothers who may contemplate this day the destruction of the children they carry within them. Give them grace, courage andstrength to live their days according to your will. I ask this through Christ our Lord. Amen.

THE ANCHOR -

HOLY CROSS Brother David G. Andrews, recently named executive director of the National Catholic Rural Life Conference, is a Taunton native and a graduate of the former Coyle High School in that city. One of lO children, he isthe son of Emery Andrews, a member of Immaculate Conception parish, Taunton, and the late Elizabeth Andrews. Father John F. Andrews, pastor of St. Dominic Church, Swansea, is a cousin. Brother Andrews will assume his new 'position after completing work for a law degree at Loyola University, New Orleans.

Jesuit wins award MANILA, Philippines (CNS) - Jesuit Father Eduardo Jorge Anzorena, a faculty member at Sophia University in Tokyo and an Asian housing advocate, will be given the Magsaysay award for international understanding Aug. 31 in Manila. Father Anzorena, an Argentinean, was cited for "fostering a collaborative search for humane and practical solutions to the housing crisis among Asia's urban poor," UCA News, an Asian church news agency based in Thailand, reported. The Magsaysay awards are presented by the Manila-based Ramon Magsaysay Foundation, named for a Philippine president killed in a 1957 plane crash. Although honorees are selected by Filipinojudges, they are selected from throughout Asia. Father Anzorena completed theological studies in Japan and earned a doctorate in architecture from Tokyo University, studying the life of Asia's urban poor and their need for shelter. In 1976, Father Anzorena launched a biannual newsletter containing results of his travel to Asian cities seeking solutions to problems of slum life. The newsletter also discussed his work with other housing activists. It became a clearinghouse of information for housing advocates throughout Asia and the world. In 1988, members of his network formed the Asian Coalition for Housing Rights, which mounts coordinated responses to mass evictions and works to define and achieve housing rights for Asia's . poor. Magsaysay honorees receive a certificate, gold medal and stipend.

Diocese of Fall River -

Fri., Aug. 12, 1994

7

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Who speaks for WOIUen?

Exclusion of Brazil poor is topic ' I n his talk to the conference, Cardinal Etchegaray paraphrased the Beatitudes. The cardinal's version of"Blessed are the poor" became "The blessed are not the wretched of the earth, those who are crushed by poverty or absurdity, but those' who fight with all their strength against what crushes people, against poverty and absurdity." The cardinal said the meek are "not those who are resigned, who accept everything [but) who are tenacious and impatient, those who even, when in revolt again'st violence, make nonviolence their weapon of peace." , He also noted that "blessed are those who weep with compassion for those who are suffering, those who stand actively alongside those who weep." The cardinal was warmly applauded when he linked the Beatitudes to the church's "option for the poor" and when he praised those who "never accept a society where there are people landless, homeless or voiceless." "Those who are possessed by the spirit of the Beatitudes always try to change the world," he said. "Treated as naive, they are the true realists."

BRASILIA, Brazil (CNS) Representatives of more than 350 Brazilian church groups met recently in Brasilia to look at ways to help the millions of their fellow citizens who are excluded from the economy. Church workers said the' plight of Brazil's impoverished people is the key economic and social problem in their society. The groups prepared for two years for the weeklong conference, titled" Alternatives and Protagonists," which marked the church's national Social Week. Among speakers was Cardinal Roger Etchegaray, president of the Pontifical Council, for Justice and Peace. Brazilian analysts commonly say that only 30 million of Brazil's 149 million people are in the market economy. A 1993 government study showed that 32 million people were too poor to buy food. Duri ng the conference, delegates examined local initiatives from various parts of Brazil. such as Amazonian communities producing their own development plan or coal miners in the south taking over the management of a mine to save their jobs.

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When women speak , for themselves, they oppose abortion mandates by 2 to 1.

When· women speak for themselve8, they overwhelmingly support universal coverage.

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Beware of phony 'compromises By Helen Alvare The news from the front lines of the debate over health care and abortion is both good and bad. The good news is this: the outcry from pro-life Americans has been loud enough to convince even some pro-abortion members of Congress that health reform cannot succeed if it contains unadu'lterated mandates forcing every citizen to purchase abortion insurance. Pro-life Americans ought to take s9me satisfaction from this, especially during a presidency that abortion supporters trumpet as a "golden age for abortion rights." But wait, there is bad news too. ' The bad news is that the "solutions," the "compromises" being offered on abortion are inadequate at best and phony at worst: To understand why, we need to understand the ma.ny ways that abortion would intrude into our lives if federal law gives it the status of a ."basic benefit." It is then easy to see how any "compromise': short of removing abortion from the basic benefits package is a sham. When a health service has the status of a "basic benefit" in a federal health reform bi'lI, it means the following: every individual's health insurance must contain abortion coverage; every family policy will cover abortion for the purchaser's spouse and children; every taxpayer will subsidize abortions for low-income individuals and small·businesses receiving government subsidies; every employer subject- to an employer mandate,,' including every Catholic employer, must subsidize abortion insurance for every employee; every community without an abortionist will have to host one so that the "basic benefit" of abortion will be reasonably available to every insured person; every state law on abortion that the government, considers a hindrance to abortion services will be struck down; every group of health providers - including Catho,lic providers - will ,

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have to enter into a business relationship with an abortionist and make abortion referrals to him or her. The first type of ~'compromise" being circulated on Capitol Hill would leave abortion as a "basic benefit" but allow conscience protection for some, though not all, of the parties impacted by tjle abortion mandate. Some are willing, for instance, to allow conscience protection to health c'are providers who have moral and religious objections to subsidizing it. But where does that leave communities who don't want to host abortionists. and taxpayers who oppose subsidizing it? Nowhere. A second style of "compromise" would leave abortion as'a "basic benefit" but allow individuals to "opt out" of paying for abortion insurance, and reimburse' them the difference between' thei~ poii,!:y and o'ne covering abortions. As one of my colleagues says, this is like declaring a war on the defenseless unborn and telling conscientious objecto~s that they can move to Canada. It lea ves fundamental problems unaddressed. ' There is first the problem of the federal government adopting the official position that abortion is good health care, that it is of no moral, political, or practical significance to the federal government whether the unborn are treated as patients or as targets for destruction, prenatalcare and abortion both being "basic benefits." This phony compromise also leaves unaddressed the problems of employers who would be forced to subsidize abortions for em-

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ployees who choose abortion insurance.It still forces communities who wish to remain free of abortionists to host one or more for those who choose abortion insurance. It leaves taxpayers subsidizing abortion on demand. And it still forces morally oppm:ed health care providers to associate with abortioni'sts since every basic benefit must be made available to every insurance' purchaser. The simplest solution, and the only one that will preserve the freedoms we enjoy today not to associate ~ith abortion, requires removing abortion from a basic/ mandatory benefits package. Private individuals who wish to buy it, to "opt in" for abortion, can pay for it privately as a supplememal benefit. Ironically, a primary argument against this raised by abortion advocates is the' following: '.the' government must be able to spend money for collective aims, so individuals ought not be able to reft:.se to pay taxes on moral or religious grounds. Are these the same abortion advocates who want the federal government powerless when it comes to protecting any unborn life and who call abortion a "private choice?" Of course. But the:ir arguments are not difficult to a [1swer. First, the government ought to collect funds for the common good; no government ought 1:0 force its citizens to pay for the direct destruction of innocent lives. With the possible exception of a,n. unjust war, there is nothing eql!i'{alent to the government demancling monies to pay for abortions. And when two thirds of the population says a war is unjust, it's tim!: to rethink the war. Second. even if one agrees that our government raises money for all sorts of deeply objectionable things, why add another item to the list? That the government ha.s spent monies in an objectionable fashion in the past is no justific~,­ tion for spending more in the future. Abortion advocates also claim that an "opt in" solution will mea [1 that an abortion rider will coH hundreds of dollars. But five states that now ban abortion coverage except by optional rider found no such thing. So beware of phony compromises, With one hand, they pat prolifers on the head, and with thl~ other, they insist we contribute to the greatest expansion of the abortion license since Roe v. Wade. WI: will not be fooled. Please writl: your member of Congress and insist that abortion be removed from any basic benefits package.

'O-t


THE ANCHOR ~'Diocese of'Fall River - ' Fri"Aug. 12, 1994

9

Interested in accessing WASHINGTON (CNS) - Access to the developing "information superhighway" must be available for all groups and communities, said the head of the U.S. bishops' Communications Committee. "I urge you to adopt strong antiredlining protections to prevent the bypassing of minority, lowincome and rural communities in the deployment of the advanced . telecommunications networks of

Joseph, Mo., in a letter to members of the Senate Commerce Committee. Equally as important, Bishop Boland said, is a "public right of way" to allow access for a variety of groups on the information superhighway, a global system that would connect everyone electronically to all of kinds of information via computers and phone lines.

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DEAF PARISHIONERS at the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament in Sacramento recite a prayer using sign language. (CNS photo)

Signed Masses benefit all parishioners ST. PAUL, Minn. (eNS) - As the "translation" of Sunday Masses into American Sign Language becomes a more common occurrcncc in the U.S. parishcs, the Intc'rnational Catholic Deaf Association held its annual conference in St. Paul, drawing somc 175 participants. "The theme of the conference was 'Called to Serve,' and the hope is that, as they go back to their parishes, they'll become more active." said Father William Ken-' ney, director of the Office of the Deaf in the archdiocese of St. Paul-Minneapolis, of the July meeting at the College of St. Catherine in St. Paul. Timothy Owens, executive director of the DeafCommunity Center Inc. in Louisville. Kv., told the conference that deaf Catholics are an essential piece of the church puzzle. He used a five-part model for church structure ~ installation, community. servant, sacrament and herald - to demonstrate what deaf Catholics have to offer the church. "These are five things that make the church more exciting," Owens said. "Any organization must have all five in order to be successful." "Different parts of the church fix different problems as they come up," he said. Catholic parishes around the country were finding that having a signed Mass broughll benefits to the hearing as well as the deaf. "At the time we started I was only aware of two people in our parish who would need the sign language," said Father Dan J uelfs. pastor of St. Theresa's Church in Rapid City, S.D .. where parishioner Lynn Bakken has been signing Masses since the beginning of Advent last year. "After we started I found out there were more." "If you go [to MassI and you cannot hear anything, all you do is watch," Ms. Bakken told the West River Catholic. Rapid City's diocesan newspaper. "Mass is still pretty profound, but it isn't the same until somebody puts it in your own language." Three front pews on the pulpit side of the church are reserved for the hearing impaired and deaf.

After six months, five families have become regulars. Ms. Bakken has found one of the greatest benefits has been to' her own spiritual life. "I would like to say something nice, like how I think I am doing a service for the deaf, and I know I am; but the' benefits for myself and my understanding of the Eucharist have overshadowed any thought of service," she said. "There are moments I get choked up because I have been so touched with a new understanding about something I never khew while I was sitting in the pews," Ms. . Bakken added. In Sacramento, Calif., Father Vincent Brady said the entire parish has benefited from the addition of a weekly signed Mass at Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament. The cathedral is home to the 20-member Deaf Community. wl)ich takes an active role in the litu~gies. "The Deaf Community has brought our liturgies to another level of awareness for communicating the Gospel," he said in an interview with The Catholic Herald, newspaper of the Sacramento diocese. Last Easter Sunday. Father Brady recalled, the DeafCommunity taught the whole congregation how to sign the "alleh,lia" response. Peggy Walrath, director of the Office for Deaf Ministry and one of the regular American Sign Language interpreters at the liturgy each week, has seen the Deaf Community grow since coming to the Cathedral pariSh two years ago. "The parish has given us a lot of support and continues to go out of their way to make u~ feel welcome here each week," said Ms. Walrath. In Sioux City, Iowa. Connie Barrett - who signs Mass the first Sunday of each month at Nativity Parish - sees benefits to the hearing population, especially children. "It's done more for hearing children to be introduced to something," said Ms. Barrett, a member of the diocesan Coalition for M inistry with Persons Having Disabilities. "They're exposed to something they're not used to seeing. I've noticed a lot of parents with small children bring them to the front of the church."

Programs offered by Catholic churches for deaf people are valuable, but they "only touch the tip of the iceberg," said Ms. Barrett, who has two deaf sons and a daughter who is not deaf. "The biggest problem is that the Catholic faith is not geared to deaf individuals, so they take advantage of so little of it," she told The Globe. diocesan newspaper. Offering signed Masses or programs that welcome people who are deaf sends a message that "we are a caring community," said Ms. Barrett, a member of Immaculate Conception Church in Sioux City. "It's an invitation to everyone," she added. "We can say 99 times, 'We invite,' but nothing proves that more than doing something for them."

Separation law OK'd DUBLIN, ireland (CNS) -Ireland's High Court has upheld the Judicial Separation Act, which allows married couples to formalize a break-up and is seen as the first step toward a referendum on whether to legalize divorce in the country. The court's ruling sparked immediate comment on whether the government was moving quickly enough to schedule the referendum, a major issue in the 1992 election that brought Prime Minister Albert Reynolds to power. The 1989 act was challenged by a man, separated from his wife, who questioned the provisions for dividing property.

Register, or else HONG KONG (CNS) - China has inaugurated what observers say is a new attempt to control religion by requiring all religious groups, including those previously barred from the official rolls. to register with the government. The "carrot" of the new policy is allowing groups previously banned to register as legal religious organizations without first having to join one of the state-approved patriotic religious associations. The "stick" is the requirement to register. which gives Chinese authorities the tools to restrict and control the burgeoning number of unofficial religious groups in the country.

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Are we too old to

Her specialty. is hair care for seniors CROWN POINT, Ind. (CNS) - Bobbi Grego is doing her part to make the world a more beautiful place for the people she calls "the hidden treasures of our country" - the elderly. Mrs. Greco, a hairdresser, has established a specialty in hair care for shut-ins, whether they are in hospitals, nursing homes or in their own homes. "Older people are grateful that you are going to COllJe into their home and make their hair beautiful," said Mrs. Greco, owner of Bobbi's House of Beauty in Crown Point. "They are so often forgotten or neglected, but it is very important for them to have their dignity." She said she builds a bond of

respect and trust with her clients so that they feel safe when she comes to visit. "For some seniors, getting their hair done is their only touch with the rest of the world," said Mrs. Greco. "They need to know that someone cares for them, so I take the time to be a good listener. I've learned a lot of patience." As a hairdresser for 30 years, Mrs. Greco began her special service to the elderly when regular customers at the beauty shop where she worked wanted to continue to have their hair done when they were in the hospital. "I would go and do it for them, and they seemed so happy," she said. She also had customers who lived at the Lutheran Home in

Crown Point, where she sang at Masses once a month. "When you look into their eyes, it's like seeing Christ. I get so much more back than I could ever give," said Mrs. Greco: a parlshioner at St. Matthias in Crown Point. One of' her regular customers is Frances Schweitzer, the motherQf her pastor, Father Jerry Schweitzer. They got to know one another when Mrs. Schweitzer was hospitalized and Mrs. Greco fixed her hair for her in the hospital. "She's a good beautician and a very pleasant person,," said Mrs. Schweitzer, who uses a wheelchair. "It's a great service, and I can depend on her. She comes whenever I call her. You don:t find many people like Bobbi. She's ,special."

Author reveals wisdom of elderly By Antoinette Bosco It always has made sense to me that the best way to get information is to go directly to the people who can give you the nuts and bolts of what you want to know. I just picked up a book in which an author does that on a subject that is important to mon: and more of us: aging. Eugene Bianchi, a religion professor at Emory University in Atlanta, set out to discover if people, as they grow old, are finding ways to make these last years rewarding. Bianchi interviewed 100 people over the age of 60, some of them well known, like former President Jimmy Carter, 70; Gray Panthers founder Maggie Kuhn, 88; actor Eli Wallach, 78; South African Bishop Desmond Tutu, 62; writer Tillie Olsen, 81; and socio.logist Father Joseph Fichter, 85. The result of his interviews is his book "Elder Wisdom, Crafting Your Own Elderhood" (Crossroad, $21.95), a treasure chest of stories with perceptive conclusions about the mystery we call life. Some of the themes are a bit surprising. Almost all, even the infirm, see old age as bringing with it the wonderful gift of freedom,

As 72-year-old playwright Virstated by many as a "kind of inner ginia Davis says, among the things liberation." that give life its deepest meaning Almost all also speak of gratifor her are "the persistence to tude. They are grateful for all the make my voice heard ... the desire good things they received in life, to become the best human being I but also for the lessons learned when life was tough or bitter or can." full of sorrow. Many of those interviewed Many view older age as a life- also acknowledge that some peostyle where one has more time and ple do not mature in wisdom and therefore should use some of this love for others. "Old people are for renewed commitment to help like wine; as they get older they others. Jimmy Carter is certainly either mellow or they turn sour," one who promotes this commit- ~ says 85-year-old writer Gregory ment. "We must learn to break Bergman. "Be happy not in spite through our encapsulation to of what happens in life, but berespect human diversity and serve cause of what happens," says Berghuman need," Carter says. man. Ecologist Father Thomas Berry, The buoyant Maggie Kuhn still a cultural historian, extends this , fights the image of the old as senile altruism to the entire planet. He "wrinkled babies," having nothing cautions against an old age devoted or do. Her work with the to say to consumerism and other trivia, Gray Panthers validates her wise challenging the aged to seek "a words: more profound sense of personal significance by being a participant "In myoid age the limits of in the larger dynamics of the planet structures have been removed. Pm Earth and of the universe itself." free to move outside of institutions Some of the most exciting truths and take risks, to test new patterns to come out of this book have to of activity, to break new ground do with the fact that people don't by teamwork." To this noble get stale and static as the years woman, the old can be "liberators, pass. Most see themselves contin- enablers and energizers." And as ually growing in the areas of ulti- for her physical problems, she says, mate importance: spirituality and "I salute my bodily disabilities and human integrity. move on."

chan1~e?

Dear Mary: My husband retired recently and he has quite a bit of time on his hands. I have always been a traditional homemaker. I did all the cooking, cleaning, house , and yard maintenance. Now that we are both at home I would like us to share some of these duties. I would like to be able to leave him in charge occasionally, but first he needs to know some simple housekeeping skills. Do you think we are too old to change? - Illinois I'm glad you asked, "Are we too old to change?" You got to the heart of the challenge. In order to set up new patterns you both must relinquish old patterns. , How does your spouse feel? Is he willing to share the household duties? Some spouses might grow interested if you offer a re'al challenge. You might encourage him to cook certain meals each week. Perhaps he could fix lunch each day, thus freeing you from midday duties. If he enjoys it, he might go on to develop his own specialties, even taking cooking lessons or investing in some specialty cookbooks. Other spouses might be willing to help but prefer the simple but necessary tasks that take little training - basic laundry, doing dishes, trash, simple cleaning. Start with one or two tasks your husband finds most appealing and branch out from there. Allowing your husband to become your co-worker will require flexibility on your part. You have done household tasks for a lifetime, and you undoubtedly know . exactly how you like them done. Your husband will want to do some things his way. Show him

ways that are effecti~e and efficient, but be flexible. He might even suggest ideas which you can use. Many efforts like yours have failed because the teacher demanded that her spom;e follow exactly her ways of dobg things and offered nothing but criticism of his efforts. Encourage your husb".nd to select the tasks he prefers, bllt express your own preferences as well. Ideally each of you will do more of the jobs,You prefer. Such sharing works very well when, as often happens, one partner prefers cooking, the other cleaning and laundry. Finally, as you become partners, never forget that you are also helpmates. Ideally neitheT should hold rigidly to the division of labor. When other demands arise, each can cover for the partner who must be elsewhere or do other things. Whatever your age, cooking and cleaning are basic human skills that make one more inde pendent. Anyone, woman or man, who denigrates such skills knows \-ery little about being a complete human being. The most unliberated, dependent person is one who cannot get from one meal to the next without depending upon another person. With shared good will, hoth you and your husband can become more flexible, more competent, more useful people. In an emergency either of 'you can cope. On an everyday basis each of you can pursue other activities knowing the other can cover the hornefront. In a healthy, happy marriage, change occurs regularly over the years. You now have the opportunity to become partners ::n a new way.

THE GREATER Fall River Alzheimer's Support Group, daytime session, will meet 12:30 to 2 p.m. Aug. 23, Catholic Memorial Home, 2446 Highland Ave., Fall River. Meetings, held each fourth Tuesday, free of charge, enable caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's or related diseases to express feel,ings and receive support. For information call 679-00 I I. STUDENTS IN Lucy Carre i-

ro's second grade bilingual classroom at the Galligan Elementary School, Taunton, recently entertained Marian Manor residents and staff in the home's lobby. Dressed in traditional Portuguese costumes, 19 students sang songs, danced and performed a. dramatic skit. At the end of their performance, the children distributed carnations to members of the audience.

By Dr. James and Mary Kenny

HAIR CARE: Bobbi Greco, a hairdresser who specializes in hair care for the homebound, styles the hair of Frances Schweitzer in Mrs. Schweitzer's home. (eNS photo)

'.

BLOSSOMING FRIENDSHIPS: Second-grader Victor Balanca hands a carnation to Georgiana O'Leary, right, as Lucilia Santos looks on during a visit by Galligan Elementary School students to Marian Manor, Taunton.


Money matters, so does how it's used BLOOMINGTON, III. (CNS) - Money may matter, but for Catholic organizations and individuals it shouldn't be the only consideration. Christian Brothc~r Michael O'Hern, president of Christian Brothers Investment Services Inc. of New York, says Catholics have both the right and duty to practice socially responsible investing. He discussed -the topic at a Finance and Stewardship conference in Bloomington, sponsored annually路 by the diocese of Peoria. The religious ordl~r's financial wing began investing money 30 years ago to fund employee benefit programs, primarily for lay teachers staffing Catholic high schools in Chicago. Since then, the range and scope of the firm's !.ervices have expanded and in 1993 its assets surpassed over $1 billion. "To us, socially responsible funding is to use economic power to expand the mission of the church," Brother O'Hern said. However, Brother O'Hern said investors need not sacrifice financial gain when practicing social values. In fact, he said, socially responsible investments have become quite popular. "There is really not a financial consequence for socially responsible investment," he said. "One can do well and still do good." Brother O'Hern said it is Christian Brothers' philosophy to avoid owning stock in companies that engage in immoral or unethical acts, such as those that produce or export nuclear weaponry, produce abortifacients or provide abortion. But Brother O'Hern also encourages influencing company decisions through active ownership. "As owners ofa company, we have a right and responsibility to provide direction for that company," he said. Shareholders mBLy voice their concerns about a company's direction in a variety of ways, including correspondence and dialogue with corporate managers, exercising the right to vote at shan~holders' meetings and sponsoring shareholder resolutions. Christian Brothers Investment Services uses such methods to promote its policies on various issues within the companies in which they own stock, including promoting the goal of a smoke-free society by the year 2000, and encouragement offair labor practices, respect for the environment and provision of just wages. Brother O'Hern said organizations can use their economic power to forward the church's mission not only through corporate ownership, but also through influencing the companies with whom they do business, particularly banks. As an example, Brother O'Hern mentioned the case of Mellon Bank in Pittsburgh, which was cited two years ago for housing discrimination in lending to minorities. At the time, Christian Brothers Investment Services was one of the bank's major customers with more than $100 million :invested there. The Chri"stian Brothers and other church groups met with the bank's managers to discuss the issue. As a result, "they went in and revised their mortgage-lending division," Brother O'Hern said. The changes Mellon Bank instituted apparently helped, because a recent article in the Wall Street Journal cited the institution for improving its service on lending to minorities.

India law seeks to end killing of female fetuses

-'"

FANS ADMIRE a bronze statue of Roberto Clemente at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. (CNS photo)

Catholic Hall-of-Famer remembered with statue PITTSBURGH (CNS) - Who can forget the sight 路of Roberto Clemente? The lean man striding into a throw in deep right, or gracefully rounding second base, proudly arching his neck after ripping a double into the gap. He hit .317 and clubbed 249 home runs in his 17-year major league career. He won four National League batting titles, 12 Golden Gloves, and collected exactly 3,000 hits. But, as Clemente will be long remembered - thanks to a 12foot statue memorializing him unveiled in July in front of Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh it's still an emotional experience talking about Clemente for people who knew him as a faithful and caring Catholic whose greatest joy was helping others less fortunate. "We loved him. He was a dear friend, like a family member," said Henry Coolong of Pittsburgh, who, with his wife Elsa, hosted Clemente many times路in their home. "He felt sorry for the underdog," Coolong said. "If we passed a beggar on the street, Roberto would give him $10 or $20. When I'd ask him why hedid it, he would just say, 'I feel sorry for them. They have nothing.'" The Coolongs also recalled Clemente's many visits to hospitals and children's homes. "He loved kids," Coolong said, "especially the underprivileged." Clemente's generosity, said his widow, Vera, was a manifestation of the Catholic faith he had embraced as a teenager. "My husband was a very religious man," she said from her office in San Juan, Puerto Rico. "His faith guided him to help others." The Coolongs sadly recalled Clemente's final two evenings in Pittsburgh in October 1972, when he and Vera stayed overnight at their home. Clemente spoke one night of a sense of mortality; he had forebodings he would die soon. Coolong said the conversation was one of the few times he heard the very private Clemente mention his faith. He did it as he offered his reasons for helping others: "I know

the Lord put me on this earth to help people. I've got it in my heart to help poor people," Coolong remembers him saying. The Coolongs vacationed annually in Puerto Rico at Christmas and were with Clemente in his final days. Coolong, in fact, was one ofthose who helped load relief supplies on the ill-fated DC-7 that was to head to earthquake-stricken Nicaragua. Clemente perished as the plane went down in the Atlantic just off the coast of San Juan. The Coolongs watched from a New Year's Eve party as Coast Guard flares illuminated a vain search for the missing aircraft. Several months later, they accompanied Mrs. Clemente and her children to Cooperstown, N.Y., for Clement.e's induction into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Father Alvin Gutierrez, pastor of St. Ignatius of Antioch Parish in suburban Bobtown, Pa., was also Clemente's good friend. "Not only was Roberto a superstar, but he was also a humanitarian," he said. "He was a wonderful man, an intelligent man," Father Gutierrez said. "He looked back at his beginnings and wanted to help people come up from what he went through." What he remembers best about Clemente is the star's relationship with children. Clemente came to several banquets at St. John the Evangelist Church in Pittsburgh, where the priest was assigned at the time, in the years before his death. "He was very good路 with kids, and he never charged a penny" for his appearances, the priest said. Father Gutierrez and Father William Cheetham, the pastor at St. John the Evangelist then, were concelebrants at a memorial Mass celebrated in Pittsburgh several days after Clemente's death. Like the others, Father Cheetham remembered Clemente's love for children, and the compassion he held for the needy. "He was very intense in what he did and he wanted to do it right," he said. "He had sympathy for

NEW DELHI, India (CNS) Indian government and church figures said that a new ban on gender testing is a good step, but not likely to end the widespread practice of aborting female fetuses by families prejudiced toward having male children. Federal deputy health and family welfare minister Paban Singh Ghatowar said he introduced the Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques . Regulation and Prevention of Misuse bill to curb female feticide, UCA News, a Thailand-based Asia church news agency, reported. The measure passed July 26. Ghatowar called the killing of female fetuses a great social evil which is widening the country's gender gap. India's national ratio is 929 females to 1,000 males. Sociologists have noted what is described as "an element of desperation" in traditional families for a male child since the government adopted a two-child norm for India. Catholic moral theologian, Jesuit Father S. Arokiasamy, said the new law is a right step, but added that "laws in India have been weakly implemented." Ghatowar said diagnostic techniques, such as ultrasonography, are being misused to detect female fetuses, who are then aborted, under the pretext of detecting abnormalities in an unborn child. "Legislation will force closure of prenatal diagnostic clinics in the country," he said. The measure bars a doctor in prenatal diagnosis from disclosing to a pregnant woman or her relatives the sex of the fetus "by words, signs or in any other manner." Genetic counseling centers, laboratories and clinics that do not abide by the law will be deregisteredo The federal health ministry estimates there are more than 5,000 sex-determination clinics in India. Clinics are prohibited from advertising tests. Iffound guilty, staff members face up to three years in prison and a 10,000-rupee (US $322) fine. Medical practitioners conducting sllch tests will be deregistered by the Medical Council of India. A pregnant woman undergoing a test to determine a fetus' sex can also be imprisoned and fined, unless she can prove she was compelled to do so by her husband or relatives. "Laws cannot remove cultural prejudices in traditional Indian society, where birth of a son outweighs all moral qualms," said Fa. ther Arokiasamy, who teaches moral theology at New Delhi's Vidyajyoti Jesuit theologate. Amniocentesis was originally meant to detect genetic abnormalities, he said, "but over the years the technique found a crass commercial application, causing countless girl children to die prenatal deaths." "From the Christian point of view, sex-determination tests are destroying life and are morally

unacceptable," Father Arokiasamy added. Sister Shalini D'Souza, women's department head of the Jesuit Indian Social Institute in New Delhi, said the law will be "a partial control system." "Sex determination tests will thrive underground if the legislation is not firmly implemented," she said. She said discrimination against female children is so rampant in the countryside that people are "ready to pay any amount to abort the child after prenatal tests." Sister D'Souza said laws in Gujarat, Haryana, Maharashtra and Punjab states already ban tests, but clinics continue to flourish in those places. Father Arokiasamy said that besides the law, he wants a campaign "to educate society that discrimination against girls is unethical."

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those who needed it. He just had a good Christian attitude for helping people." Perhaps Father Gutierrez put it best. "I was proud to be associated with a man whose actions were probably doing more than I was preaching," he said. "God had to reward this man for all the good he did."

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12

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Aug. 12, 1994

Lord's Prager: Part 'Four of Catechism Here is the Lord's Prayer from Matthew's Gospel. It is the basis for Part 4 of the "Catechism of the Catholic Church." ~

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Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. ,Thy be done on earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us, and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.

will

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«:> 1994 eNS Graphics

Here comes the bride right out of St. Peter's

Lord's Prayer is a focal point This article concludes a fivepart series on the Catechism. WASHINGTON (CNS)-"Christian Prayer" is the title of Part 4 of the new "Catechism of the Catholic Church," the 800-page official compendium of Catholic teaching approved by Pope John Paull!. Its first three parts deal with the -doc'trinal, liturgical and moral aspects of Catholic teaching and are structured around the creed, the sacraments and the Ten Commandments. Part 4 focuses especially on the Lord's Prayer, the prayer Jesus taught his disciples when they asked him, "Lord, teach us to pray." Before analyzing the Lord's Prayer as a model of prayer, however, it addresses what prayer is, why people are called to pray and the development and kinds of prayer in the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures and the tradition of the church. The catechism gives St. John Damascene's definition of prayer, "the raising of one's mind and heart to God or the requesting of good things from God." It calls prayer "a vital and personal relationship with the living and true God" and "the response of faith to the free promise of salvation."

"According to Scripture, it is the heart that prays . .If our heart is far from God, the words of prayer are in vain," the catechism says. "Christian prayer is a covenant relationship between God and man in Christ," it says. It traces the call to prayer back to creation itself: "In his indefectible covenant with every living creature, God has always called people to prayer." It reviews the development of prayer in the Hebrew Scriptures, with Abraham, Jacob, Moses, David and Elijah. It calls David "the first prophet of Jewish and Christian prayer." It says his Psalms are "the masterwork of prayer in the Old Testament" and "remain essential to the prayer of the church." Reviewing what the Gospels say about Jesus at prayer, the catechism says, "The drama of prayer is fully revealed to us in the Word who became flesh and dwells among us.... Jesus' filial prayer is the perfect model of prayer in the New Testament." Among forms of Christian prayer it cites blessing and adoration, petition, intercession, thanksgiving, praise. It speaks of prayer addressed to the Father, to Jesus, to the Spirit and with and to Mary.

In explaining the ancient Christian tradition of praying 1:0 Mary, it says, "When we pray to ner, we are adhering with her to the plan of the Father, who sends his Son to save all men. Like the beloved disciple we welcome Jesus' mother into our homes, for she has become the mother of all the living." Among expressions or prayer the catechism cites vocal prayer, meditation and contemplative prayer. It devotes seveoral :pages to what it calls "the battle of prayer," describing various difficulties people face in trying to pray or to , deepen their prayer life. The catechism concludes PaTt 4 with a 28-page analysis of the Lord's Prayer, which it calls "truly the summary of the whole Gospel," "the most perfect of prayers" and "the quintessential prayer of the church," "In the Our Father," it says in one summation, "the obje<:t of the first three petitions is the glory of the Father: the sanctification of his name, the coming of the kingdom and the fulfillment ofhis will. The four others present our wants to him: They ask that our lives be nourished, healed of sin and made victorious in the struggle of good over evil."

Pri,est enjoys "toughest of all missions"

The marriage license comes from VATICAN CITY (CNS) - They the U.S, Consulate in Rome instead want a very, very small, but very of city hall. special Catholic wedding. HELENA, Mont.(CNS)-Orand has helped the Fairbar..ks dio, Why would a couple want to What they end up with isn't ganizing resources to teach relicese become the only U.S. ,:Iiocese come all the way to Rome to be exactly no-frills, because frills come gious educators, parish staff and with more permanent deacons than married? with the territory when one mardeacons is tough enough anywhere, priests. ries in St. Peter's Basilica. . "It's a question I never a,sk, but but the Native Ministry Training Hi~ experience with the Yupik American couples who come to they all tell us," Father Hickey Center of southwestern Alaska deacons also taught Father PeterRome,to marry in St. Peter'~i ususaid, They talk about St. Peter's needs 'aircraft, translators and radio son simplicity. ' ally invite fewer than 10 gue~ts --:being the center o~ the Catholic broadcasts: in. addition to such : .. <1T.he deacons'taught me to use .and often just the,ir two witm:sses. Church and 'abouttlie beauty ,of standard items as' bOOk's, graphics plain words, not high ~ords," he the basilica. " ;,'! But they hear hundred,s of shouts .. 'and aUdfovisualequipm~rit. explairied. "·1 hav~ learned 10 limit ,Lilly, Afca~, a Yupik wo~an of "Congratulations," '" Auguri," "Some quite frankly don't want Designed to prep~re Y~pik Esmy teaching vocabulary to about and "Omedeto" as they leave the a big wedding:" Father Hickey kimos for ministry throughout the 'who helped fq!Jnd the program,.is 800 words so'they can be easy to church. . :. said, and "some tIiink it's roregion, thetrainirig center in St. responsibf~ for ensuring that the translate." , The couples becollle part of the 'mantic," , Mary's, Alaska,' offers weekend trainil'\g center's ~ork is sensitive Father Peterso'n was as ked to sightseeing experience, of the . The couples know most of their workshopsand field ed ucation;all to, Yupik spirituality. Native cushelp establish the center after his Engli~h.,speakirig,Italian andJap- 'family and friends will not be able presented with serisitivity to Yupik toms, spiritual practices and praysucces's with the deacon training ers are .incl,uded and classes by anese tourists who wish them well to travel with them to Rome for 'traditiona, spirituality. , p'rogram for the Fairbanks'diocese and snap. their photos with the thew~dding. Brides and grooms A center founder, Jesuit Father non-Yupik speakers are translated and an abortive effort to :;tart a basilica in the background. willing to do that generally are Charles Peterson, recently dis- for 'non-Englis,h speakers. seminary, which lasted two years As the center has become estabSome of the newlyweds lopk a older than 25 and indepen'dent, the . cu~seq his 18 ,years of work in and had only two seminarians when ", " priest said. ' . bit shocked by the cro~d'~ greetAlaska during a visit to ~is home- lished, directors have stepped up it closed. The ptiot'ographer must beaping as they leave the intimacy of town of Missoula, Mont., to 'cele- efforts t<;> recruit ,qualified EskiThe problem was the seminarproved, and most couples go with the wedding itself,. which usually bnite his 25th anniversary a mos·to teach and Father Peterson ians had to leave their villages to has continued efforts to learn the one the Paulists are used to worktak'es place in the Choir Chapel. priest. study. And,in Yupik culturl~, one It's as if they don't expect ,the tour- ing with - he gets couples proofs He told 'The Montana Catholic, Yupik language. who leaves the community t:omes His first task was t,? achieve ists to 1J0tice the bride;s gown and of the photographs on the same newspaper o(the Helena diocese, back as a stranger, he explained. day as the wedding. bouqu~t, the ,groom's suit, and that tne program seeks to affirm liturgical competence in tlJe diffiThat experience taught the priest their glowing faces. _ Usualiy the bride's bouquet is ttie Yupiks' identity and help them cult tongue. that "before we 'develop a native "I learned the prayers by rote, One of the hidden du'ties of the the only flower purchase" Father adjust to an' increasingly ..moderpriesthood, the people have to see by listening to the liturgy, taping it Paulist priests 'of Santa Susan~a Hickey said, "The chapel is so' nized society. ' ministries emerging from themand practicing it over and over Parish, the parish for U.S. Cathol- beautiful you wouldn't see the "What we're trying to do is to selves." again," he said. " ,ics living in Rome, is, running a flowers anyway." help the people disco"er thll~ they The seminary was followed by a The Yupik liturgy was "one of fuli-service wedding agency for E1)g" The Paulists' three, pages of have whatever skills are necessary native ministry program in Fairthe first gifts of the deacon prolish speakers wanting to m~rry in general irformation and'list of to meet the challenges of our ti'mes," banks, which he directed for seven gram," which he started in 1970, St. Peter's or in a Roman church. ' requirements for couples wanting he said. ,years. Paulist Fathers John Foleyand to marry in Rome or the Vatican , Each monthly weekend 'work"I wanted people to have a De,nnis Hickey don~t just Officiate includes the line: "Great sensitivity shop focuses dn a'particula~ minisn,llnistry that they .:ould limited at the wedding - they accompany is'requiredj,n choosing dresse~ for try,'suc.h as iiari~h councils, Scrip,succeed . a't a!!d feel good. about the couple ,·through the bureau- the women -In the, wedqingparty ture studies or marriage preparrather than start with something cratic paper maze antl even'more. -no bare shoulders and hem reachation. . th~i' was overwhel~ing - like One' bride' called 45 minutes ing at least to'tije knee.'.' ' _The 30 to 50 workshop particizt;ro to priesthood," he said. before her wedding was to start, pants must be 'flown in because of It's serious advice becilUse,guards , Before, starting the program in explai'ning her gown was too wrin- outside the church will bar anyone the few roads in the area: Some St.' MarY's" Father 'Peterson was \ . 'kled to wear. ' hitch rides on a mail.plane, others with ,bare shoulders, miniskirts or stationed in Nome.. where his re, "Thei'r wedding photos include shorts fro.m ent~ring the basilica are picked up bya hired pilot. sponsibiiities included traveling to , on'e of her ironing her dress" .-.:. in - even ina's the bride. , In another comp'one'ni of the one community 60 miles north by the priests' residence, Father .. ' 'A maximum of two weddings'a program, faculty men\bers travel snowmobile and to U nalalcleet, Hickey said. , to villages'to tutor local ministers. day are, celebrated in St. Peter's; about' 150 miles across Norton , I Although 'it is rare for'the priests And those wHo can't be reached 'there's a 9:30 a,m, .time. SIOl and 'Sound by airpla'ne. 'He also flew tO'h'ave met the couple, before they anQther in 'person 'can' hear Father Peterhq,ur hl:ter.. ': .'n;gularly to L\ttl~ Dio~ede.,a tiny come to Rome ,for the wedding, son's lessons ~n a twice-weekly "I ~id one w.edding at 9:30; an island in the Bering Strait 101:ated the' coup'les have been completely radi'o program' "The'Lord Be With Italian wedding was next. On the 'two miles from' the Internat!onal examined ahead of time to make 'w~y' out, the brides s~w each other; You," in which h'e discusses weekly Date Lirle 'and' the Russian t:omsure' there are no impediments. Scripture readings. That program ,there was instant togetherness and munity. of Big Diomede. ~fte~ pre~llrital instr,uction in is designed to help deacons precomm~lOica,t'on.Th~y kissed each , FrOm his semi'nary d'ays, h,~ felt CNS photo the United States, the lOcal pastor , other and'wished each othe'r well," pare the'ir h<)'mi'lies and give lec.tors drawn,to Alaska. "There's a ros~nds'all . the paperwork to 'his Father H.ickey saiq. " a greater undersiandiri& of t~e FATHER' ; - mance to it.' You'r~ out there in the I bishop', who must appro·ye.' passages they will read. ' '''Whe're else coul~ tha~ happen?" , .. :"PETERSON "toughest of all missiQ~s," he i;aid.

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Altar gi'rls" finding'their n'iche

MICHAEL MOORE, creator and director of "TV Nation." (eNS photo)

Documentarian influenced by Catholic values WASHINGTON (CNS) - Although a New Yorker now, television documentarian Michael Moore says he is proud to be a product of his home:town of Flint, Mich., because "who I am and what I'm about is forged in there." And what life was about for Moore was growing up in an Irish Catholic home where the "Prayer of St. Francis" was hung on the wall. "That sort of became a philosophy of life," he said. His parents and his faith taught him "all the basic stuff: treat others the way you would want to be treated, stand up for those less fortunate, advocate for peace and a better world," Moore said. Moore's irreverent movie"Roger and Me" detailed his quixotic quest to get General Motors chairman Roger Smith to visit Flint to witness the devastation wrought by G M plant closings t.here. It set box office records for film documentaries. He now brings his work to the small screen on NBC's "TV Nation," which air:s 8-9 p.m. EDT Tuesdays this summer. It covers much the same ground as the typical network news magazine, but Moore's disarming skepticism is front and center. Moore, the show's creator, director, executive producer, writer and correspondent, says that in the "TV Nation" offices he can't help but talk Catholic issues with fellow correspondents Karen Duffy, best known as MTV veejay"Duff," and Ben Hamper" who "went to Catholic schools longer than I did." "We all have that Irish Catholic upbringing, and how we feel on issues flows from that,'" Moore told Catholic News Service in a telephone interview from New York.

"I had the same discussions with John Candy, and how he lived his life in the Catholic upbringing," Moore said. The late actor starred in Moore's first nondocumentary ,film, "Canadian Bacon," about a fictional border war between the United States and Canada. "Wherever we were shooting, he made an effort to go to Mass," Moore said. One way Moore lives out his faith is by setting ~side half of his profits from "Roger and Me" for a foundation that gives grants to independent filmmakers and socialaction groups. He's given away more than $400,00.0 to date. "I tithe times five," Moore quipped, adding he got the idea from the late singer Harry Chapin. Chapin once told 'Moore he performed 200 concerts a year, half of them benefits - including some for Moore's alternative newspaper in Flint. "I do one for me and I do one for the other guy," Moore said Chapin told him. "That kinda stuck with me."

He continued, "I've never been fond of having a' lot of money. I tell people I used to want to be a priest, and they don't understand me." Moore went to a high school seminary in Saginaw, Mich., for one year. "I don't have, this discussion much in the TV ~and Hollywood - world," Moore admitted. "I just need enough money to take care of my family. We can buy a couple of CDs now and then, and I'm happy. I have two pairs of blue jeans and four shirt~), and I'm happy." Moore's father being a Generai Motors factory worker was just the first step in hili own social activism. "As I got into high school -this was during the Vietnam war

WASHINGTON (CNS) - A ' By contrast, when Bishop Ed- Bishop Myers cited the long tradinumber of U.S. bishops this sumward T. Hughes set up guidelines tion of altar boys and a concern mer set rules and start-up dates for in the neighboring diocese of Met- for priestly vocations as a basis for using female altar servers in their uchen, N.J., he told his priests, "It the special rules. dioceses. is my strongest possible recomIn their policy announcements, Their actions came in the wake mendation that every parish take bishops consistently emphasized of a Vatican ruling this spring that advantage of this opportunity." that the tradition of boys serving confirmed the option of female When an invitation for candidates at the altar should not be abanaltar servers and a discussion in went out in one parish in East doned with the acceptance of feJune at which a national gathering Brunswick, 33 girls signed up. male servers. of bishops overwhelmingly welBishop Anthony Bosco of GreensSome oft.he first guidelines pubcomed and approved the practice burgh, Pa., in a Jetter to his priests lished - identical to policies issued for the United States. announcing guidelines for female last spring in Los Angeles and sevThe Vatican ruling, made public servers, wrote: "I cannot think of eral other dioceses in southern in April, said there is nothing in any valid reason why any parish California - said, "Pastors should church law prohibiting female altar would not have them. I encourage see that the face of the server minservers, but a decision to use or not this for the same reasons that 'we istry reflects the face of their paruse them is up to each bishop in his encourage female lectors and ex- , ish and maintain an appropriate own diocese, following consulta- traordinary ministers of the Euch- balance as far as male and female tion with other members of his arist." servers are concerned." bishops' conference. Archbishop Thomas C. Kelly of Bishop Dale J. Melczek, aposSome bishops who issued poli- , Louisville, Ky., wrote his priests ,tolic administrator of Gary, Ind., cies this summer permitted .the urging that the use of both male wrote, "While females are eligible option effective immediately, while and female servers be" uniformly to serve at the altar, care must be others set a specific date when the observed throughout the archdio- taken to retain male servers to the practice could begin. cese." degree that at least 50 percent of Some parish leaders interviewed Archbishop Kelly - whose the roster of servers includes by diocesan newspapers said they priests had urged him before the males." would implement their bishop's bishops' meeting to support the In Chicago - where Cardinal guidelines in September, when use of altar girls - said in an Joseph L. Bernardin had been the school opens and they begin train- interview with his archdiocesan target of a long, public campaign ing a new group of servers. Others newspaper, The Record, "Girls and demanding that he enforce a boys began training girls right away. women make excellent servers at only rule in all parishes - three In the Fall River diocese, when the altar. They are good at this boys and three girls served the Msgr. Thomas J. Harrington cele- ministry, and I'm pleased that the cardinal's Aug. 7 open-air Mass in brated the weekly television Mass Holy See has interpreted the Grant Park before about 50,000 July 31, 10-year-old Elizabeth Sul- church's law in such a way as to Catholics celebrating the 150th livan of St. Joseph's parish, Taun- make it possible." anniversary of the archdiocese. ton, served at the altar along with Before the issuance of the offiThe Florida Catholic reported her brothers, Jeremiah and Wil- in early July that at least five of the cial Vatican ruling that church law liam. bishops in the state had already does not prohibit female altar serThe first-ever appearance of a established female server policies vers, altar girls were common in female server on the TV Mass pro- or said they intended to do so many U.S. and Canadian parishes. Pastors permitted them in part for voked no complaints.or surprised soon. comments. "S~e just served and Bishop Norbert M. Dorsey of pastoral reasons and in part because her pastor, the Mass celebrant, Orlando issued a policy June 21, many pastors, canon lawyers and didn't comment," said diocesan and a few days later 16-year-old liturgists had already reached the spokesman John E. Kearns Jr. Katie O'Brien joined her brothers conclusion, now officially conIn implementing new rules some Bobbie and Wil serving Mass for firmed by Rome, that the law no longer prohibited it. bishops mandated female servers the bishop in the cathedral. in all parishes, others strongly urged In a letter setting policies for the them, and still others made no diocese of Scranton, Pa., Bishop specific requirement or recommen- James C. Timlin commented, "Now DES MOINES, Iowa (CNS)dation. that the church has allowed women Bishop John C. Reiss of Tren- and girls to serve at the altar the At a time of "rapid and radical ton, N.J., took an explicitly neu- debate is over and it should no change," the U.S. family must strike a balance between accepting change tral stance. In his announcement longer be a source of division." and at the same time holding onto of guidelines for female servers, he Many of the diocesan norms or said the actual decision whether to guidelines published around the traditions, a bishop told members of the Catholic Daughters of the proceed with the practice in a par- country closely followed suggested Americas. Bishop Joseph L. Charish is "in the hands of each pastor, guidelines prepared by the bishops' who should first consult with his Committee on the Liturgy and dis- ron of Des Moines addressed the theme of family issues during his parish council." tributed to the bishops June 16, at keynote talk to some 1,000 women 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 the start of a national meeting in from 44 states and three countries -a lot ofthe priests and nuns that San Diego at which they discussed for the Daughters' biennial conI knew were very progressive," he the issue. vention at the Des Moines Consaid. "That part of the Catholic The suggested guidelines provention Center. "My first lesson in Church had a big impact on me." posed that where female servers ministry, as a priest and as a Today, while "I have a lot of are allowed, the terms "altar boys" bishop, came from my family," problems and disputes with the should be replaced by the term said Bishop Charron, who has 47 Catholic Church," particularly on "servers." nieces and nephews. "My family women's issues, Moore said he still The committee proposed that taught me how to love, and that is finds comfort in his faith. "no distinction should be made" the foundation of all ministry." "I consider it a good thing. It's a between males and females in servwonderful source," he said, adding ing functions. he sometimes takes a break from It suggested that "all servers his "TV Nation" work to go to a should wear the same liturgical church across the street from the vesture" and, following the VatiHARARE, Zimbabwe (CNS) can's "General Instruction of the office to sort things out. - Although Zimbabwe's Catholic While critics have lauded Roman Missal," that the alb should Church favors finding leadership Moore's approach to TV journal- be regarded as the preferred vestwithin the country, it would never ism as a welcome change from the ment for servers. accept a ban on foreign missionartypically aggressive network reportMost diocesan guidelines pub- ies, said a spokesman for the naing, it doesn't mean he's shied lished so far have called for identi- tion's bishops. FatherOskar Wermcal treatment of boys and girls in 路ter, head of the bishops' social away from controversial topics. "TV Nation" installments were training and functions assigned to communications department, was to include a look at the U.S. gun them, and most have urged identi- responding to a government minculture, a comparison of health cal dress when servers wear an alb ister's statement that missionaries care systems worldwide, a view of or other distinctive robe. would no longer be welcome to the "new'" Ku Klux Klan, and an One exception was the diocese work in the country unless they investigation of brokers who buy of Peoria, Ill., where Bishop John had specialized skills that went the insurance policies of people J. Myers said both boys and girls beyond religious teaching. "It is with AIDS, only to resell them at a may wear albs or robes, but only regrettable that the government certain boys may wear cassock did not discuss with us the real profit. Moore even takes self-styled "sui- and surplice and only boys are to needs of the church in Zimbabwe, cide doctor'" Jack Kevorkian to a serve as masters of ceremonies. rather than hit us through the hospital maternity ward to see In the detailed dress code issued media with a decision like this," how he'd react. as part of Peoria diocesan policies, Father Wermter said.

Balance needed

Bishops protest

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By Mitch Finley Echoes of "Pomp and Circumstance" have faded, Last spring's high school and college graduations have been consigned to photo albums and videociissettes,' With the excitement over, however, the future and its requisite choices stand waiting, and ofcourse the decisions young people make have a tremendous impact on their future, Enter Thomas Merton, smiling. The famous Trappist monk and author died 25 years ago last December. The Winter 1994 issue of The Merton Seasonal, published by the Thomas Merton Center at' Bellarmine College, Louisville, Ky., included a previously unpublished letter Father Merton wrote in 1960 senior English stuto a class

of.

dents at a Catholic high school, in Beatrice, Neb. The advice he gave stands up as well to.day as it did 34 years ago. Father Merton cut to the heart o f the, matter., "In ol,lr w~rl,d," 'he' wrote, "people pay a lot of attention to looks, clothes, possessi!>ns" jobs, advancement and what not. , "It is true tha't we have to do our work and accomplish something in life: But it is not what the world

lI

eNS photo

, FRANKIE ROCHA

appreciates or valueS 'that really counts.' ' ' '"' , "It is' the work we do iii'ciur ow'n hearts,t'he love we give to God and' to other men, that is o'ur real life's : . , work: That IS our career." Father Merto, il's words 'will" sound like nonsense 'and 'foolishness to many'people - 'the same' p,eople for wh'om the Gospel itself is urirelatedlb"the real world," . He co'ritinued; "ch'allenging':il'

' ., "'d' e'leg'~,te w''ho',m'''e' t,:~PO:.,p'e' , groupseriously of high' school senior's to: the 'spirituallife: ' WYD . .de'leS' .0f"h,'eart· al ' -I'ment' ,.. . ....: be:"Mymessagetoyouis~Always' true·tb 'the deepestan<,! purest .. t~ke

aspirations of your souls, Be true. to your own deepest self, the real 'you,' the inner self that is one with ' God. "You may not always, be 'aware, of this inmost self. But there are times when, 'obscurelya,t least, you know what is best in you, and you can tell what road God wants you to travel. ' "It does not have to be anything spectacular or unusual. It' may simply be what is right in front of you. But it mus.t be a way that enables you to be true to yourself, quietly, peacefully and patiently." High ideals, indeed, yet Father Merton was realistic, too. It's not necessary, he wrote, to be a priest or nun to be "a true follower of Christ." We don't even have to be "unfailingly good in the highest sense of the word," Sometimes we fail, but that does not matter, "as long as we pick ourselves up again and keep on going." "Never get discouraged and depressed at your own limitations," Father Merton said. "They are not as bad as you may think, and God loves those who have to put up a strong fight to be faithful," even though they may not always succeed. Father Merton reminded the students that they are precious in God's sight, and that Jesus really did die for them "in order to help you at all times and unite you to himself. "When you really believe this, you have no reason to be discouraged, no matter what happens." God's love for us is "the great' reality," Father Merton concluded. "It is a deep and personal love.: .. "Allweneedtodoistolovehim in returh,'as'best we .:. 'can, taking ourselvesasweare.,if-wetrustin him;he will' do the rest."

MARY AGNES MURPHY of Fall River, a 1994 graduate of Durfee High School, was awarded ,the Sacred Heart Women's Guild's Rose E. Sullivan Scholarship at the guild's annual banquet. MiSs Murphy will atterid' Russell' Sage College.forWomen'~nTroYINY, and major in athl~tic training. At Durfee she was amem" ber of the 'crosscountr)' and varsity track teams;' 'theater company, Sh~k~speare~nSociety, Il!arching band, and full orchestra. She Was. vice president of the 'string ense.m·ble.

Book recouiilts 'p,o.pe, 's boyhQod ,':.fr.,~.i..e".n:.. ds,.h. "i,ll,', .,., . ,.","".".,

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LONDbN (CNS) -'Aishort boohecountingthe'bbyhoodf::iend, i' , , ship of Pope John Paul 11- lind a AMARILLO,Jexas (CN$) -'," example to the youth llil'over the Jewish' friend, Jerzy'Kluger, has Frankie Rocha, 26, died Julv 23 world.... . . ' ,... been published in English in LonThen ,came more photos. His' ,DENVER (CNS) - T~~pugh a· Denvei"Archbishoi;]. Francis Staf- don.' ' after a long battle with,heart' dis: el).se, but, 'death did not take the pi~ture wi,th the pope, take'n 5y telephone lirikJromCalcutta, India, ford made nofe of the "profound "1 'hope this little story o'f the effect you made upon' this city and friendship between His Hoi iness young man fror;n Amar,iUo ,I:lefore Ass~c:iated Press, showed up every- " Mother Teresa urgc;d participa~ts in Natiooal Youth, pay. activities state last year - your witness can and' 'myself will· help the .IU IIderhis dream ,of meeting ,Pope John' where: in Denver's two daily newsPauillcame true, " papers, the'Rocky Mountain News' i~ Denyer'to carry joy, o(loving make Ii 'difference by building a standing between the Jewish peo~ith them wherever they gQ, civilization of love,'rather than a pie' and the Catholic Church," Last August he talked with the and The DenverPost; his homepope while'in qenveras,a delegate towo pl!-per, Th;, Amariilo Globe, The Aug. 4-7 event was organ- culture of death." Kluger said at a London reception representing the ,diocese of Ama~ Ne~s; The New Yqrk .T{mes; and: iie'd to markthe orie~yeara'nniver~' " "You are called upon to be to introduce the 'English translarillo at the International Youth other papers. sary'ofWorldYouthDay,held'in evangelists of the third mil- tionof"LettertoaJewishFrit:nd," Forum that preceded World Youth The natio~al recognition was Denver for teens and young adults iennium," he added, "The Holy The book, by Italian jo~rl1alist . nice but not even, close to the blessfrom around the world last summer. Father invited you to live more Gian Frahco Svidercoshi, recounts Day event~ .. " . .It was, his disease and the feeling·. ing from the pope, th~t he felt gave ,In her phone call, MotherJ"eres'a intensely the ,mystery of Jt<~us, the friends.hip in the pre-war days he did not .h(i:velong to .Iive t hat him, new confidence in his battle told the 1,000 youths to ':deepen '.' using MarY,as a ~t?deI.''' " ;.,o,f !-qIe-~,:- or Karol - Wojtyla, made him want to see the:~hurch's with heart disease. .' your intimate love with Jesus - ;, National Youth' Day also in-," now the pope, and Jurek, or KhJger. leader, he had told The West Texas "Miracles .can happen: not only" arid take that joy wherever you c1uded workshops, seminars and Both went to the same sch Dols, CathQlic, diocesan nt::wspaper, last by being healed physi,cally, b,ut go;" , r"" '. . conCerts.. ' played toge\her; enjoyed the !:ame year in an interview, . spiritually _ becoming stronger," She encourageq them t.o b~gin circle of friends: Lolek, the CathR,ocha was atte!1diqg the ,MiiSS he said at the time, "It ",as a blessin their own homes, .. ' . ' . ', olic,· would, end' up as .the first ,"The joy oft.oving is in the~·by of ,:. Ih ,ra letter'fo Bishop' Sean ; arcn.Qish~p oC .Krako~,: Poland, celebrated by ,the pope forforurp ing I ~eceived. He shc;>wed me what delegates at the Basilica of tht<, my gift was." '. ,," ' , sharing," she said. "Begin in your O'Malley, Brother Patrick Ellis then pope; the othe~ bQY's· fa.ther When Rochadied, he left behind, ' own family. by praying together; FSC, president of The Catholi~ was chairman of the town's Jewish Imma.culate Conc~ption., . , , ' "I was so overco,me .with en),O,·, his young wife, Julia Teresa Diaz", be Jesus'loye, his cqmpassio,n, his University of Am~rica in Washi,!1g- c0!pmunit y. , tion,., being only a .few· seats .in whom he married last. Sep.tember, presence. Make it easy for us to 'ton, DC, thanked the Fall River he'wa'r dr.ove fheiJl·apart. Other surviy.ors i'l~lude his, par- 16\.e one another." ') ,', 'O'iocese- .f6't' 'its' co'niributi'on- of '.. ,,~fter.the.~ar; KLuger ev.t:ntually fronC: of him', 'he said lat~r. ':,: 'Several ,three " sisters .,The organizers, of. National,.,' $47000't , ,settled where read ' photograph~rs. . Th capturedf ents, two. .' brothers, ' , . 0 th e "A nnua,I P'IOcesan., . 10, R,ome, . . . , b' A'hehb' h a and his grandmothers.,. . Youth Day said it was a response' Collecfon f ' th . 't ' "newspaperstorya out rc I!, op R oc h,il ~ emotIOn., e, urry'o pict,-!re-taking led-to,Roch~ telling A funeral Mass was celebrated' to the pope's call last summer to be '"We ~aief~lf :ck~~~I~~ y~,~u~ ,"~ojtylli add~essing ttte.Second Vata mqdern-dayapostles. compelling 10~C to mak: ~our tlch ? fC~undclhl: The two renewed. a prit<st, aoout his illness and his July 25 at st..Laurence Cathedral dre~~, The priest then arr'ange~', with entombment.in LIan'o Garden " "We came back from Denver . . h f' elr · . h h . .... ., .. university wort yo ItS proud name S 'dnen Sip, h" b k h I . " last year with a fire for our faith," and to move us to benefit ou and VI erc~sc IS 00 as ~een f or. h 1m t~ g~.to t e,p'ope;,w 010. Mau,soleum., the meantime was told.about:the, ' sal'd KevlO . C unnlOg ' h am.."W ee f It your d'locese 1O'ltsmul~lple ., . y mlOlS-' .. translated 14 -languages slOce .... , . . .' IOtO '. -. -~' , . young man's .heahh. '. '.., " ,"", F.aith, . we had to d~something to return tries," Brother Ellis said. "I assure ItS onglOal publIcatIOn I~ italIan "He tol,d me to come to him, to. . :'Faith is ,giving away Wll~t you,. G9,d to ~ society that has s~entso you that we strive daily to make e.arly I~st year. The EnglIsh Jlub- . give ~.im a hug,::· Rocha s,aidafter~. do. not yet have; .. 1t meanstaking. 10rgtakIOg God out of society.",;' '. thisaliinvesttheht'in the solutions,lIsheJ ~ I.S,. Hodder & Stoughton. wards. "He told ·me that· he loved 'ri s k s" ·~Lfo.wi n g 0 u rse i ve,s . ' For Mary Daoust, 22, of Bloo-' to your needs." Negotlat!onsare u~der way to find me very ri;uchand I had a spei:i~I .' to be takenadvanta'ge ot,' having',. mington, Mi!1n.! thep.opes.~ords" Foul)ded in ,.1887" CU;A is-.the.:, ~n Am~r!canpublIsher. , gift and that .was to open hearts ~o the grllce·to movethr~ug~ charicy, last year compelled her to make a nation's only high'er education _ln~u1fles_abouLthe book may ' uncertain waters', letting go of con- return ,trip to Den\;,er., " . institution established by the U.S:. be .d.Jrecte~.tQ,Hodd~r ~ Stollghthe youth of the world. "He said God' was going t~ bless . trol and tru~tipg .th!lt God' will "It wasoverwhelming to see and bijihops. Asthe national university ,ton, 338 Euston ·~.oad,. London me.... He said that Jesus wanted always be there. It means living hear the pope last year," she said. of the Catholic Church, it is the NWI 3BH, Eng l!lni1, phone 44·7 1me to sl!ffer and to carry my cr'oss with the mystery of things, not "And now, a yearlater, to see'peo- only American university with 873-6044.. for the rest of my life. As I touched knowing for sure what's going to pie my own.ageliving our faith is ecclesiastical faculties granting' his face I told him to f9rgive me.... happen or whether it will turn out so encoura~lOg." . canonical degrees in theology, 'phiGOD'S ANCHOR HOL He told me I,was going.to be an OK.":'-Richard Rohr, OFM' Ina homdyatthe opening Mass, Iosophyandcanonlaw. '

YC)'uth ,reneW 'call to apostleship,

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PRAYER FOR THE DYING Fearless peoplll Careless needh: Harsh words slPoken And lives are broken Help me I'm failing Haven't waited It's time to move on I'm crossing that bridge With lessons Pve learned I'm playing with fire And not getting burned I may not know What you're going through But time is a space Between me and you Life goes on all1d goes on Just say die And it would be pessimistic In your mind You can walk across water It's just a prayer for the dying I just don't know What's got Into me There is a light Through that window Hold on say yes While people !iay no Life carries 0111 It. goes on Written by Seal/Isidore. Sung by Seal (c) 1994 by ZTT R,ecords Ltd. I SENSE a type of global Consequently, we need to ask awareness in Seal's music, given ourselves: How are we to resthat his family heritage is both pond to others' suffering? How African Masai and Brazilian. can we manifest th¢ attitudes of His "Prayer for the Dying" is Jesus toward those who hurt off his second disc. among our worldwide brothers The song has mysterious lyrand sisters? ics. Certain images could refer One term I would use to desto people living and dying with cribe Jesus' attitude toward us AIDS or some other widespread is "active compas~ion." It is a non-judgmental approach, yet human tragedy. Whatever specific hurts Seal one that invites us to work is addressing, all of us are a ware courageously for change in of the widespread suffering withsituations where others are in the human family. hurting.

Clearly, our efforts can only be conducted within the range of our abilities and opportunities. Few of us have the personal gifts to be medical research scientists, working to find a cure for AIDS. However,aparish youth grour could raise money to support this work or to give to a local organization involved in helping families who live with AIDS. Sometimes, hearing about the extent of suffering in our world, we feel overwhelmed. For example, reports of the killing in R wanda have been more than we could truly comprehend. One might easily think, "There is nothing I can do in the face of suffering of such great scope." Many times, however, the miracle of God's healing depends on what we do, even if we never know the direct results of our efforts. ' Any of us, including teens, could take a percentage of our spendable income and donate it to relief agencies responding to human suffering. If you don't know who to give to, ask your parish priest or youth minister. We can also take a suggestion from the song's title. Prayer affects others, as well as those who do the praying. Taking the time to pray"for" others makes a statement that their lives have meaning to us. This is a way of expressing the value that we find in all human beings. We open our hearts in compassion, and we ask God to guide the human family in ways that heal the violence and suffering that are present in our world, as well as that found in our own hearts and minds. The song ends with an affirmation of life. We are asked to see that "there is a light through that window." We can affirm that life goes on. Your active compassion can make a genuine difference in how others experience the gift of love. Your comments are welcomed by Charlie Martin, RR 3, Box 182, Rockport, IN 47635.

1iue Love Walts 1 believe that 1am created in God's image, called to live a wholesome life. 1 believe that by respecting myself and otMrs, 1give glory to God. 1 believe that 1 am called to lillie out tM vision and ualues of Jesus. Recognizing that True Love Waits, .renge1umed with courage by tM Holy Spirit, and supported by tM Christian Community, 1promise to live chastely, honoring tM gift of my sexuality and Cluoiding ,sexual. intercourse oUUide, of marriage.

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COVENAN.T CARD: Young people' throughout the country are being urged tei sign cards pledging to avoid sexual intercourse outside oPmarriage: Cards signed by teens at iduly 29'rally in Washington are part of the "True Love Waits" teen chastity program st~rted last year by tQe Southern Baptist C~n:v.entj0.J:I.Thec~venant cards are \;>eing 9istributed to Cathoiic parishes by the Natipnal"Fede'l=afi'oo, for:, Catholic ,V.outh .Ministry, one of 26 Christian organizations participatin'gin"the'campalgrL(CNS photo) , . " ' .

By Christopher Carstens When we were kids in rural New Mexico, there was a pretty clear connection between the garden and the freezer. Dad would plant peas and green beans, tomatoes, sweet corn and chili peppers. We worked several hours each day, keeping the garden weeded and watered, and as each of the vegetables ripened we'd pick them and take them inside. There Mom would freeze or can our produce for ,the winter. I was always aware that you could buy vegetables from the store, but we hardly ever did. . It wasn't just garden stuff, either. We raised chickens, and they ended up in the freezer too. So did lots of turkeys, and an occasional cow. That was how food got to our table. Now I live with my family in town. We have a yard, but all we ever raise are flowers and a lawn. This summer I have one scraggly tomato plant by the back porch, and I find myself feeling delighted about the simple idea of bringing in food from the back yard again. It struck me recently that almost none of the kids I work with ever have eaten anything they grew themselves. Here in town, food comes from the grocery. I think the vast majority of teens rarely consider where it comes from they just know it arrives in trucks. I think that some things have been lost, one of which is the sense of connection between food and the earth. When you grow food, you learn about how good earth smells and feels on your hands. There's an awareness of the creative power of nature that comes through watching plants emerge from seeds into tiny baby plants, and then seeing them take off. The other lost connection is the one between eating and physical labor. Strawberries don't come out of a factory, all nice and red in their plastic-covered boxes. They grow on little plants, about three inches high, and somebody has to bend over and pick them, carefully, one at a time. That's hard work. In town, almost all the ground is covered with sidewalks and houses and lawns. Since the food all comes from stores, nobody here in town thinks much about the combination of dirt, water, sunshine and sweat that goes into a head of lettuce or a cucumber or a green pepper. There is no better way to learn than growing a little garden. Here's the simplest way: Find y~ur location. Gardening requires' a spot that gets sun all day and where you can easily bring water with hose. Next, go to a'local nursery, and ask 'somebody who 'works there what you could grow if you took it home today. They'll tell you what will workout in your area' ~ growing seasons are SO different in each' location.

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Buy a small package of plants that have already been started. The clerk will be delighted to tell you how to take care of what you have chosen. Take them home, plant them in your sunny spot and make sure they don't dry out. Of course, there's more to learn than that, but this is really enough information to get started. Once you've begun to study in a garden, God will teach you some wonderful lessons about life.

Girls-only schools fill many needs CHICAGO (CNS) - Students from all-girl high schools in the Chicago archdiocese gathered to rally for peace, but part of their message was the strength of their single-gender education. Some 800 strong, dressed in plaid skirts of every color, representatives of all 22 girls' high schools held a prayer service, sponsored by Women's Schools Together, at Our Lady of Tepeyac High School. Joining hands as they prayed, the participants asked God to "lead us in the way of peace andjustice." "I think it's a really cool thing that the women's schools are coming together to make a difference," said student Kristen McDonald. That's the goal of Women's Schools Together, a national coalition of Catholic girls' high schools aiming to promote and ensure the viability of single-sex schools for young women and provide a network for the principals and administrators of those schools. "I've become a convert," said coalition founder Roberta Felker, herself a product of coeducational schools, both public and Catholic. "The longer I'm in women's schools, the greater respect I have for the atmosphere and environment they create. Many students at the prayer service echoed Ms. Felker'S feelings. Molly Fosnacht, a senior at Resurrection High School, said, "Because you don't have to think about how you look, you focus more on academics." Ms. Felker admits single-gender schools aren't for every girl, "But we want to preserve that option for women who choose them." She cited studies that show gender inequality in coeducational schools: that girls are dilled on less frequently than boys, that girls' test scoreS are lower, that they receive fewer scholarships and that they have fewer role models in the classroom. "The research is quite clear that in single-gender sch'Oo'ls, young women do better academically, have more positive attitudes,express more confidence in their leadership abilities' and have more' same-sex role models," she said. '


AiJg:12: 1994"""OFFICEOF FAMI.LY MINIST.R~ ' . .. "16 'THE' ANCi-lOR:"::"Di'ocese'orF~&River~Ffi:: . . . The "Healing Pamful MemOries seminar series will continue on Aug. 16 and, due to postponement of the Aug. 9 session, be extended to Aug. 30.. CATHOLIC ALUMNI CLUB Catholic singles club. monthly social gathering 6:30 p.m. Aug. 21, Ruby·Tuesday restaurant at Silver LaSALETTE SHRINE, City Galleria Mall, Taunton. The K. of c., FALMOUTH ATTLEBORO local group, part of the 700-member Knights of Columbus Council813 Greater Boston Chapter of CAC, meets each third Sunday at a restauCelebration of the Queenship of family cookollt, Aug. 21, 51. AnMary with music, living rosary and rant in the mall. thony's parish, E. Falmouth. crowningofMarylp.m.Aug.21Ied Meetings will begin in Rhode by Father Richard Delisle. Barbecue Island 5:30 p.m. Aug. 28 at the will follow at 5:30 p.m. Information: Legion Bowl, 661 Park Ave., Cran222-5410. ston, and continue at various locations on fourth Sundays. D. of I. Hyacinth C?irc\e 171 Daughters of K. of C., HY ANNiS Knights of Columbus will hold a Isabella meetmg Aug. 16, Hol~ Name GENERAL -CO-NTRACTORS C~urch ~,enter. NB..Ent~,rtaml11t;nt __ blood drive 12:30 to 5 p:m. Aug. ~8,_ ~III be.a pound auctIOn. Inform~Red Cross Chapter House, 286 South 55 Highla!1d Avenue tlOn: Eileen Mcann, 992-4793. • SI. Information or an appointment: Fall River, MA 02720 1-800-258"0025 ext. 2086. ST. MARY, FAIRHAVEN Youth group Teeter-Totter Mara- SS. PETER AND PAUL, FR 678·5201 thon 10:45 a.m. Aug. 20 .to 1~:45 St. Helena's Ultreya meets 7 p.m. Au. 14, Father Coady Center. a.m. Aug. 21; members Will s:",ltch off on a see-saw at two-hour mterg vals. Beneficiaries will be the Fran- ST. BERNARD, ASSONET ciscan Sisters of the Immaculate and Msgr. John J. Oliveira will install ··············,·····,··,···,·'·'·~II;It~ij:! LEARY the youth group mission trip. !nfor- Father Timothy J. Goldrick as pastor at 4 p.m. Mass Aug. 20; the feast mation: 984-4154. EMMAUS/GALILEE of.St. B~rnard. Flo",:ers from pariPRESS . . shlOners gardens Will be used to Galilee monthly gathering 6 to 9 decorate St. Bernard statue and may p.m. Sunday, Neumann Hall,. Cath.e- be brought to the rectory by Aug. 19. dral Camp, E. Freetown, With Witness by new Galilee director Anne O.L. CAPE, BREWSTER Racine and Mass celebrated by' O.L. Cape AIDS Outreach and Father Steve Fernandes. Cape Cod AIDS Council will coSUMMER CONCERTS at LaSalette Shrine, Att1e'boro, sponsor concert by Father Pat (Father Andre Patenaude) of continue at 6:30 p.in. tomorrow with a performance by "With LaSalette Shrine 7 p.m. Aug. 30, parish center. Lower Cape Ultreya Faith," the Boston-based Christian music trio of Alex Km:enov, ,.e.. c.odi •• Joanne Kennedy and Joanne Coughlin. Information: 222..5410. monthly meeting 7:30 tonight. Est. 1962 .,,'•. ••.·,'.· :·.·••.,.·:·.f1h d•.C . .".... .'·.:•.• .•.••.•.·•. ··.'.•. " .•.• .•-. .....,iiji~cidI~w:)": PATRICK, SOMERS~T ST. :;:'lIi~.a. ,.iiifIfGiiJ'liiff":"'·'·"" . . . .• . . .•. . •.• '.•.• ·.~.•·.il.}"".;.:.:.;.;.;.:. ? .:.:.;", :-:.:.;.:.;..<.;.:.:.;.:.....:;»>:-:...'. U:1it.•.• ~ Religious Family Homecoming Picnic noon Aug. 14, grounds of Somerset HisArticles torical Society. A full menu will be served and free tours of the James Books • Gifts Bradbury Museum will be available. is scheduled to include Entertainment Church Supplies SCRANTON, Pa. (CNS) 'The AIDS crisis has affec ted the musical program by "Sam the Banjo Most chief executive officers prob- sex industry and child prostituMan." Reservations: 674-7589. 428 Main St.. Hyannis, MA 02601 ably would rejoice when business tion, and younger prostitutes are is booming, but for Sister Mary more highly valued because they 508-775-4180 Mon.-Sat. 9-5 Rose McGeady it's a different story. have had fewer sex partners and Sister McGeady, a member of are considered less likely to have WILKES-BARRE, Pa. (CNS) - An International Ladies' Gar- the Daughters of Charhy, serves been exposed to AIDS. "The younger the kid, the better ment Workers Union official as president and chief executive praised the role of the diocese of officer of Covenant House, the the business is for the pimps," SisScranton in helping settle a 40-day New York-based shelter system ter McGeady said, noting that children as young as 13 are involved strike against Leslie Fay Inc., the for homeless children. She was in Scranton recently to in prostitution. "We get theSf: kinds second-largest women's clothing manufacturer in the United States. receive the Bishop's Communica- at Covenant House when they try Tom Matthews, the ILGWU'sassist- tions Award, saluting individuals to get out of the business." She attributes the presence of so ant regiqnal director, acknowl- for excellence in the communications field, from Bishop James C. . many children on the streets to the edg~d the moral leadership ofScranbreakdown of the family. "We get ton Bishop James C. Timlin, Father Timlin. She disc\lssed her work William Pickard, the bishop's per- during an interview with The Cath- many kids who are not on drugs, who are not alcoholics, and who sonal repr~sentativein the dispute, olic Light, diocesan newsPaper. InN ew York City, the Manhat- are not into prostitution. They are and the Scranton Catholic com" m.unity. In May, 10,000 Catholics tan Covenant House center shel- simply running away from missigne<l petitions supporting the ters about 380 children each. night, erable homes." Decrying a lack of servil:es to workers' attempts to keep 1,200 Si~ter McGea9Y said. ijijt while jQbs at L~slie Fay pllj:nts in the that city draws numerous runa- aid troubled families, she: said' ways, she suggested that the prob- Covena~t House personnel often United States. lem is not limited to New York. find themselves in situations where "Every majpr city in the world an adoles.cent h~s been "repaired needs a Covellant House because and rehabilitated" but returns to a ther~ are so many broken famili~s, home afflicted by the problems There is .nQ obligation to and teenagers are the victims and that initially made him or her flee. a.ttend Mass on Monday, Aug. the fallout ofthis worldwide disin"I think the church - really all tegration of.the family," she added. 15, the fe~st of.the Assumption the chun;hes in tlte country --need "Unfort~nately, we do not have of Mary. to make a major effor~ to aid·famithe money to meet all the needs. In 1.~92 the U.S. bishops made lies, particularly families a decision, Ic:lter confirmed by Business gets beqer every day." headed by single mothers. Parthe Vatican, to remove the Covenant House currently operishes need to reach out to support former obligation ofMass attenates eight shelters in the United those single mothers, who are . dance on Jan. I, the feast of States an<l sponsors five in other struggling to raise their kids," she Mary, MotherofGod, and Nov. countrie~. Plans are under way for said. "They need supp.ort sy:,tems I, th~ feast of All Saints, as well another center, in Washington, that jllst are not there at preHent." as on the feast of the Assump, p.C. Moreover, Sister McGeady Eye-Opening tion, wh.enever those feasts f~1I said she has been asked by Polish on a Saturday or Monda.y. President ·Lech Walesa's govern"You can close your eyes to realReasons for lifting the obliment to open a hOijse in Warsaw, ities but not to memories." gation included the confusion Poland, where more than ~;OOO -Stanisla.us J. Lec Thi~ ~s.~age. Spo.,.ored ~y the following ~h.at often arises when holy day~. chi.ldren live on the streets. Busine9~ Conc.e~ns in the Qiocese of Fall Rive~ o,ecur back to back with Sunday. She knows too well what th~ The faithful are nevertheless mean streets of a city can do to encouraged to attend Mass on children. FE,ITELSERG INSl)RANCE AGENCY those day~, if possible, and pas"We're out therj: on the streets GIl..aERT G. OLlV~IRA INSURANCE AGENCY tors are asked to scheduJe looking to bring these ~ids in, but Masses at conveni.ent ho'urs. so are thj: pimps and the drug <;3LOBe MANUFACTURIN~ COMPANY d~alers/' she .said.

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08.12.94  

Wisdomofthe Elderly Page10 Altar Girls F~nding TheirNiche Page 13 ToughestofAll Missions Page 12 FALL RIVER DIOCESAN NEWSPAPER FOR SOUTHEAST...

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