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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Foil River-Thurs., July 16, 1964

Solemn Requiem For Foundress Of Carmelites

'Maryknoll's First Lady' Inspiring Story of Nun

NEW YORK (NC)~So1­ emn Requiem Mass for ~Ioth-er M. Teresa, one of the seven founders of the Car­ melite Sisters for the Aged and Infirm, was offered in S1. Pat­ rick's Home here by her brother, Father Raphael Schoof, O.S.B. Burial was in Gate of HeaveB Cemetery. Cannelite Sisters for the Aged and Infirm staff the Cath­ elic Memorial Home in FaD River and Our Lady's Haven, Fairhaven. :\'Iother Teresa died of a COl'­ onary occlusion at CarmellVIanor Home, Fort Thomas, Ky., which she founded. Bishop Richard H. Ackerman, C.S.Sp., of Covington, Ky., offered a Pontifical Re­ quiem Mass for her ir. the Ca- ­ thedral Basilica of the Assump­ tion in Covington.

.By Rt. Rev. lUsgr. John S. Kennedy The sister in charge was who had somehow succeeded en her medal. To impress on ef this enormity, the mistress

vexed with the clumsy novice in breaking the sturdy chain the miscreant the full extent directed her to show the chain

to the reverend mother of the entire community. The command was carried out, in a way hardly intended by the giver. The novice put 1he chain in an envelope, and with it a note

an American mission society: a

to the reverend mother, "I have broken my chain. Please

fix it. Thank you." Shortly 15:ereafter she was given an e n vel 0 p e , addressed to her in the reverend mother's hand. In it was the "She chain, neatly repaired. really does fix them," thought the novice. "And good." This is one of the many stories in a biography published a few months ago, but until now unfortunately and unaccountably overlooked by your reviewer: Maryknoll's First Lady by Sister Jeanne Marie (Dodd, Mead. $....95). The reverend mother in question is the book's subject, Mother Mary Joseph, foundress of the Maryknoll Sisters and an e}I~raordinary person in the histc~ of the Church in America. She was born in Jamaica Plain in 1882, the eldest daughter in. a Catholic family of eight children. Her name was Mollie Rogers, and she grew up in a household that was comfortable and happy. She attended West Roxbury High School, and at the graduation ceremony, held in a Congregational church, she read an essay on "Toleration." Highly Popular She went to Smith College, where, because of her good looks, her fine mind, and her delightful disposition, she was highly popular. She was one of the small Catholic minority there and it may well be said that it was at Smith that bel' \1ocation took root. There was a Smith College Association for Christian Work. This was strictly Protestant, and it fostered interest in, and assistance to, Protestant missions. Some of the members pledged themselves to work in the missions for a term of years after graduation. Mollie wondere(} why there wasn't a Catholic mission group too. When, after a graduate course at the Boston Normal School, she returned to Smith as a demonstrator in zoology, she formed a Catholic "Ilissior: study club. For guidance in thi.s undertaking, she wrote to Father James Anthony Walsh, director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith in the Boston archdiocese. Having outlined the project for his consideration, she asked, "Who knows but that the little work we do here may be the beginning of greater efforts in later life?" She could not have realized how prophetic that thought was. Bishops Approve Father Walsh not only assisted ber with the study group. He also pressed her into service, part time, at his dingy, clutte~ed

Boston office. He had a gemus for planning, organization, and publicity, and he was busily en­ gaged in stirring interest in, and contributions for, the mis­ sions. But he wanted to do much more. He was bent on founding

hody, that is, of American p~iests, brothers and sisten who

woald go ou~ into the mission, fieta. . Ti:is came into being with t.."le American bishops' approval, in ISH, of his scheme for a foreign mission society and seminary, which was to be known as Maryknoll. Its first headquarters were in a farmhouse and other buildings at' Hawthorne, New York, near tl:e :tome for incurable cancer patients headed by Mother Alphonsa, who had been Rose Hawthorne Lathrop, the daugh­ te~ of Nathaniel Hawthorne and the subject of Katherine Burton's extremely popular book Sc:-"cw Built a Bridge. ::'lfother Alphonsa Aids ':'c Hawthorne went the other

yc,-mg ladies of Boston who had bee!! helping Father Walsh with his correspondence and book­ keeping, his publications and mailing. Mollie, whose family had suffered reverses, could not leave her job and go to Haw­ thorne, much as she wanted to. But during vacations, and when­ e~er else she had free time; she hurried there to work on what was nearest her heart. It was Mother Alphonsa who made it possib:e for Mollie to be &t Maryknoll full time. That ex­ ceptional w 0 men discerned something of Mollie's importance to the project, and its impor­ te:flCe to her, and raised and gave her $2,000 which, turned over to the Rogers family, freed MoHie of the necessity of earn­ ing a living and helping support her parents. By this time, Maryknoll had moved from Hawthorne to Os­ sining, which was to be its per­ manent home. And Father Walsh was glad to be able to put Mol­ lie, aged 29, in charge of the group of young women whom he styled "the secretaries." Al­ ready there was the stirring no­ tion that they should and would organize as a community of re­ ligious. But this was rather slow in realization. Receive Recognition First they became Dominican tertiaries. Then they had a year and a half of supposedly canon­ ical formation in a sort of novi­ tiate. It was then discovered, however, that the procedure had not been canonical at all. Permission had to be sought through proper and not especial_ ly rapid channels; eventually they were granted. It was only ir. 1920 that recognition as a religious community was accord­ ed and the first professions could' finally take place. But when this came, Mother Mary Joseph (as she was now known) was more than ready for it. More and more young women had joined her group, and Maryknoll priests were al­ ready at their first spots in China. It was in 1921, when the Mary­ knoll Sisters numbered between 75 and 100, that the first among them was assigned to foreign parts. In that year, six set out on a pioneering assignment in


Work Expands

T"ne sequel is a glorious chap­

te;:o in American Ca'tholic an­

nals. To Japan, to Korea, to the Philippines, to Latin Am~rica, tc Africa, the Maryknoll SIsters have gone by the hundreds. In many ~es. initial success was

CLERGYMAN OF THE YEAR AWARD: Auxiliary Bishop Philip 1\1:. Hannan of 'Washington, the nationaHy Imown pre.:l.Cher and writer, presents to Rev. Dr. Norman Vineent Peale, right, of New York, the Religious Heritage of America Award for his significant contributions to re­ :igit)n. The organization is composed of Protestants, Cath­ oks and Jews and it emphasizes the spiritual basis of American democracy. NC Photo.

IFair••aven Fiesta to Aid School St. Joseph Midway Fiesta As­ sociation of Tairhaven will pre­ sent its annual fiesta on July 22, 2:3, 24, and 25, on the fair g"o<nds located at Spring, Adams and Jefferson Streets, the sS~e of St. Joseph's Church. Proceeds wiII be used to de­ fray the ex;;>enses of the new pa"ish school now being com­ pleted. Booths of l~very type, midway rides and a food section are there' to sat:sfy the desires of everyone att.mding. Prizes will. be awarded eacl1 seork·hed by war, persecution, expulsion. The community num­ bers confeSS(lrS and martyrs in its ranks. But whe never one door slammed shut, another seemed to open And the work has gone on, ever exp'.nding, ever imbued with the pristine spirit of Mother Mar~r Joseph. She was a big woman, and her girth was the subject of jokes which none enjoyed more than she. But this did not prevent her venturing to the most distant missi·an under the most difficult ci:-cumstance:l.

night and on July 25th, six grand prizes will be awarded plus one gigantic main prize.. On Friday, July 17, a dinner of fish chowder, scallops and aU the fixings will be served for a d-cnation of $1.50.

On Thursday, July 24, the Ladies group of the Fiesta Asso­ ciation will serve a chicken dinner.

Nun 54 Years A native of Richmond, Va., the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Sd:oof joined the Carmelites in uno. She and six other Carmel­ i~e nuns founded the r.on-c"o~s­ tered Carmelite Sisters of the Aged and Infirm in 1929 in New "'lfc:-k under the direction of Patrick Cardinal Hayes. Of the founders only Moth~ M. Angeline Teresa, superior general of the community which new has some 350 members, sur_ vives. Mother·M. Teresa founded Carmel Manor Home here in :949. She also helped found homes of the community in St, :"et:, Miami and S1. Petersburg. Fla.





104 Allen St., New Bedford 'YVman ]-9354


ANNE Come Visit St. Anne's Shrine in River, Mass,

Sorrow, Joy Sne had to overcome not merely the crises which saw promising missions stamped out, but also the rigors of the depres­ sion .at home, and many another majoI' trial, material and human. But she endured them all with serenity, and always the com­ munity survived, strengthened and increased. In 1947 she stepped down from its cllmmand, and death came to her in 1955. In the interval, in 1950, she went back to Smith to fE'Ceive a:1l honorary degree of Doctor 0:: Humane Letters. "The influence and inspiration of :Protestallt students and teachers at Smith had led her to FathE~r Walsh and Father Walsh had led her fO Maryknoll." He;r story, with its moments of drama and of fun, of sonow and of joy, full of ac­ complishmen-; for the Lord, is en~('s.singly told here.

Come Pray to Saint Anne MASSES: (Upper Church) 6, 7, 8, 9:30 and 11 A.M. and 5 P.M. MASSES: (Shrine) 9:30 and 11 A.M. DEVOTION SERVICE and PROCESSION: 2, 3, .4 and 7:30 P.M. SAINT ANNE'S SHRINE

818 Middle street

fall River, Mass.




~issio~ who will work out A Retreat for the Handi­ capped, first such event to be sponsored by the Fall River Diocese, will be held fruitful...


~issio~ who will work out A Retreat for the Handi­ capped, first such event to be sponsored by the Fall River Diocese, will be held fruitful...