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SERVING . .. SOUTHEASTERN MASSACHUSmS CAPE COD & THE ISLANDS

t eanco VOL. 24, NO. 27

FALL RIVER, MASS.; THURSDAY, JULY 3, 1980

20c, $6 Per Year

Keeper of' the flame By Matthew Monahan

NEW YORK (NC) - At 7:30 a.m. Capt. Gabe Madison sounded a blast on the hom and eased the 60-foot Liberty II into New York Harbor for the daily voyage which transports National Park Servic~ employees to their jobs on Ellis and Liberty islands. As the vessel chugged through the green water and morning haze to Liberty Island, Charles DeLeo gazed at the massive Statue of Liberty, pointed to the tip of the torch and said, "That's where I pray." At 8 a.m. DeLeo raised Old Glory on the 100-foot pole and went to work with the maintenance crew in the monument that has been the symbol of freedom since its dedication on Oct. 28,~1886. After a 154-foot elevator ride through the pedestal, the muscular, brown-haired DeLeo walked up a spiral staircase with the sound of footsteps echoing through the statue. When he reached Miss Liberty's right shoulder, DeLeo unlocked a metal gate and branched off into a narrow stairwell that has been closed to the public since 1916. He maneuvered his compact frame up the narrow ladder for the final 63-step climb. At the top, past four sodium vapor bulbs, the equivalent of 10,000 candles, DeLeo opened the door and was met by a gust of fresh air. Stepping into a small catwalk around the flame of the torch, he had a spectacular view of lower Manhattan. "This is my chapel," he said. For the past eight years the 32-year-old DeLeo has been "Keeper of the Flame." He keeps the torch free from dust and dirt, cleans the 200 windowpanes in the crown and torch and does general maintenance on the statue. He said that after he ended a four-year hitch in the Marines in 1969 he had a variety of jobs but couldn't land a steady one. Then his fortunes took a dramatic tum. "On March 22,1972, I was out of work and decided to visit the Statue of Liberty," he said. "About halfway over on the ferry the Holy Spirit inspired me to ask for a job as soon as I got here." DeLeo did just that. "Through God's intercession I was immediately hired as a laborer on the maintenance staff," he said. "Soon after I dedicated the torch as a chapel to the Lord Jesus Christ." DeLeo goes there to pray and meditate during breaks. The third of fOUf children of a Greek-American mother and an ItalianAmerican father, DeLeo is a member of Blessed Sacrament Parish in Brooklyn, N.Y. He quit high school to enlist in the Marines. In Vietnam he survived six mortar attacks. "I became more aware of my Catholic faith over there," he said. "I knew God saved me for a purpose. I felt God was calling me in a big way to spread his word." Turn to Page Six

Euthanasia violates human dignity, says Vatican By Nancy Frazier VATICAN CITY (NC) - The Vatican has confronted the issue of euthanasia and firmly rejected any action leading to "killing of an innocent human being." In a "Declaration on Euthanasia," the Vatican"'s Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith also commented on the use of and expensive experimental medical treatments to prolong life. When death is inevitable and imminent, "it is permitted in conscience to take the decision to refuse forms of treatment that would only secure a precarious or burdensome prolongation of

life so long as the normal care due to the sick person in similar cases is not interrupted," ~aid the declaration. The 3,OOO-word document was approved by Pope John Paul II on May 5 and issued by the Vatican on June 26. Other issues discussed by the document include suicide, use of painkillers and "living wills." "It is necessary to state firmly once more that nothing and no one can in any way permit the killing of an innocent human being, whether a fetus or an embryo, an infant or an adult, an old person, or one suffering from an incurable disease, or a

person who is dying," the declaration said. "No one is permitted to ask for this act of killing . . . nor can he or she consent to it . . . nor can any authority legitimately recommend or permit such an action," the document added. "For it is a question of the violation of the divine law, an offense against the dignity of the human person, a crime against life, and an attack on humanity," the Vatican said. The doctrinal congregation defined euthanasia as "an action or an omission which of itself or by intention causes death in

order that all suffering may in this way be eliminated." Decisions or appropriate medical treatment in individual cases must be made according to the conscience of the sick person, his physician or others responsible to speak for the patient, the document said. But it is noted that each decision must take into account "moral obligations and the various aspects of the case. The doctrinal congregation then posed the question: "Is it necessary in all circumstances to have recourse to all possible remedies?" and provided a few guidelines for the answer.

Experimental medical techniques, even if they are "not without a certain risk," may be used with the patient's consent, but such treatment may be terminated if "the investment of instruments and personnel is disproportionate to the results forseen" or "the te'chniques applied impose on the patient strain or suffering out of proportion with the benefits which he or she may gain," the document said. A refusal to make use of such measures is also permitted by th,e church when based on "an acceptance of the human condition, or a wish to avoid the appliTurn to Page Six


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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July:), 1980

PATERSON, N.J. (NC)-The Vatican's new "Declaration on Euthanasia" reaffirms "our belief that we did the right thing," said the mother of Karen Ann Quinlan. Miss Quinlan, now 26, continues to live in a coma after her parents received court permission in 1976 to remove a respirator believed necessary to keep the young woman alive. GLOUCESTER, Mass. (N~Mayor Leo Alper of Gloucester has appealed to Pope John Paul II for help in revoking the sale by an order of nuns of an ll-acre property in the town to th.~ controversial Unification Church of the Rev. Sun Myung Moon. The Daughters of iVIary of the IImmaculate Conception sold the property to a businessman who resold it to the Unification Church the same day without informing the sisters.

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BISHOP DANIEL A CRONIN路 greets representatives of diocesan Serra Clubs at annual Bishop's Night, held in Attleboro. From left, Joseph Avila, New Bedford; Edward Duffy, Taunton; the bishop, Robert Coughlin, Attleboro. (Doucette Photo)

VATICAN CITY (NC)--The Society for the Propagation of the Faith distributed more than $71 million to mission countries in 1979, according to a report in L'Osservatore Romano, the Vatican daily newspaper. VATICAN CITY (NC)--The Vatican has announced it will establish diplomatic relations with Zimbabwe, formerly Rhodesia, which achieved independence with black majority rule earlier this year after seven years of civil war against a white-controlled government. MADRID, Spain (NC)--Mother Teresa of Calcutta has opened a home in the Madrid Center of Leganes. 'The home will be staffed by four nuns, one who is British and three who are East Indian. VATICAN CITY (NC)-路For the first time since he became pope John Paul II has begun a regular process of rElViewing laicization requests and has granted some besides those dispensed under "deathbed" terms. TORONTO (NCr-The Catholic Church is flourishing in the Ukraine, despite repression by the Soviet government, according to information received in Canada from the Ukraine. The Ukrainian.,IUte Catholic Church, forced underground in 1939, is "very strong and growing," documents revealed at a conference in Toronto.

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AMONG 38 GERIATRIC aides and orderlies graduated from an inservice training program at the Catholic Memorial Home, Fall River, are, from left, Louisa Sousa, Lorraine Jasmin, Eileen Krawetz.

NEW YORK (NC)-New York private schools defeated city hall and will keep an exemption for water and sewer charges. Orthodox Jews and Catholics, .with the largest number of private schools in the city, mounted strong opposition to a plan to bill many schools not previously charged.

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MILAN, Italy (NCr-Leonardo Da Vinci's "The Last Supper," one of the most famous paintings in the world, is faced with a new threat - a 6.5 foot-long crack on the wall alongside the 15th-century fresco, which barely escaped bombing damage in World War II. NASHVILLE, Tenn. (NC)-The Baptist Sunday School Board in Nashville, the publishing arm of the Southern Baptist Convention, has removed an anti-Catholic comic book from its stores and expressed regret that the comic had been there. The People's Republic ol~ China has renovated the tomb of Jesuit Father Matteo Ricci, a 16th-century Italian missionary, which is located inside a Communist Party school in Beijing (Peking) and has been neglected for at least 30 years, the New China News Agency has reported. LAs VEGAS (NC)-"Priests should not be involved in politics or political movements, but this does not preclude their giving public witness to the many moral issues of the day," the head of the Order of Friars Minor said. There could be exceptions to this rule, with permission of the local bishop, said Father John Vaughn. SIOUX CITY, Iowa (NC)-Two-thirds of the respondents to a random survey in the Diocese of Sioux City concerning holy days of obligation were in favor of keeping the present six holy days and of not making any changes. WASHINGTON (NC)--Fllmed atheist Madalyn Murray O'Hair has challenged the employment by Congress of chaplains in a suit filed in federal court in Washington last month. .

FATHER RICK CASSIDY, director of the justice and peace office of the Detroit archdiocese, displays a booklet intended to aid young Christians in forming their consciences on draft issues. (NC Photo)

ROME (NC)-Eleven nuns have resumed work in Equatorial Guinea 11 years after the government expelled missionaries, according to Fides, news service of the Vatican's Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.


Pope calls for exemplary society in Brazil BRASILIA, Brazil (NC) Pope John Paul II called on Brazil to build an exemplaIy society, overcoming imbalances and inequalities, as he began a 12-day visit to the world'!; largest Catholic country. Landing in the modern :Brazilian capital of Brasilia, thEl pope immediately set one of thEl main themes of his trip, a just society, in his arrival speech. "In the midst of the anxieties and - why not say so? - of the sufferings and bitterr..ess of the present, Brazil will be able to show itself as a countIy that will have much to offer tomorrow to the grand commu:nity of nations," he said. "Please God that this pj~ospect may spur Brazil to build up an exemplary form of 'soci.al coexistence, by overcoming imbalances and inequalities, in justice and concord, with light and courage, without shock.s and ruptures. Such will certainly constitute an outstanding contribution to international peace, and thereby to mankind." He characterized the longest and most ambitious trip of his papacy - 13 cities and nearly 19,000 miles - as a religious pilgrimage. Recalling Christ's command to Peter to strengthen his brothers, Pope John Paul said: "I feel as addressed to myself that tremendous yet comforting command." He noted that Brazil, with 90 percent of its population of 120 million professing Cathoiicism, is the largest Catholic country in the world, with one··seventh of the world's Catholics residing there. The first reason for his trip, the pope said, was to render homage to this church and en-

courage it to be ever more a sacrament of salvation, realizing its mission in the context of the universal church. His second reason, he said, was because this country, with its immense Catholic majority, evidently has a special vocation

half million people, Pope John Paul again stressed Brazil's Catholicism. The twin themes of a strong, rooted Catholic faith and a commitment to social justice are expected to dominate his whole Brazilian trip. Asked what significance for Catholic social teaching he found in the fact that Latin America

is the world's most Catholic continent but also one where the rich-poor gap is the widest, the pope said: " I am convinced that Catholic moral teaching is the only teaching that is capable of responding to his problem." On a question about priests getting involved in politics, he Turn to Page Sixteen

Travel Two Thousand Years

HOLynLAND with the Bible as your guidebook, under the direction of

Father John c.

MARTINS

Pastor, Our lady of Health, Fall River

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Sept.29th

Holy Scripture comes alive for you as you walk the Way of the Cross. Your faith takes deeper meaning as you pray where stood the stable in Bethlehem or kneel in the Garden of Gethsemane. You will gaze out over the Jordan Valley from atop the Mount of Jericho, visit Nazareth, Cana Mount of Beatitudes, many other holy places.

MSGR. WALSH

Msgr. Walsh

Msgr. Thomas F. Walsh, 80, pastor emeritus of St. John the Evangelist parish, Attleboro, died las~ Friday at the Catholic Memorial Home, Fall River. His funeral Mass was celebrated Tuesday in St. Joseph's Church, Fall River, his native parish. Bishop Daniel A. Cronin was principal celebrant and Father William W. Norton of St. Patrick's parish, Wareham, a nep. hew, was homilist. Msgr. Walsh was born in Fall River on Jan. 25, 1900. He was WASHINGTON (NC) - The the son of the late James and president of the National Confer- Catherine (McDonald) Walsh. ence of Catholic Bishops (NCCB) After graduating from the forand the chairman of the NCCB mer St. Joseph's School, B.M.C. Committee for Pro-Lifl~ Activi- Durfee High School and Holy ties have welcomed the Supreme Cross College, he entered St. Court decision upholding the Bernard's Seminary, Rochester, Hyde amendment, which restricts N.Y. federal funding of abortions. Ordained May 26, 1927 by the Leaders of various pro-life or- late Bishop Daniel L. Feehan, ganizations also praised the de- . the young priest served as ascision, but spokespersons for sociate pastor at St. ~ary's pargroups supporting legalized abor- ish, New Bedford, Immaculate tion said the decision was a Conception and St. Mary par"total disaster." ishes in Taunton and Holy Name Archbishop John R. Quinn of parish in Fall River. San Francisco, NCCB president, In 1951 he was named pastor called the decision "a vi:ctory for of St. Dominic parish, Swansea, freedom of conscience as well as where he served until 1954, for unborn life." He said the rul- when he was transferred to St. ing sustains the right of citizens Joseph's, North Dighton. From who object to abortion not to be 1956 to 1961 he served at St. forced to pay for it with their Louis parish, Fall River, then taxes. was assigned to St. John the Archbishop Quinn <:ontinued: Evangelist parish, where he re"The moral, social, leg~ll and po- mained until 1972. litical controversy th.at began In May, 1961 the then Father with the Supreme Court decision Walsh was named dean of the seven years ago has not been Attleboro Deanery of the dioended by this ruling, and the cese and in 1964 was created a subject Qf a.bortion funding will Domestic Prelate by Pope Paul remain a focal point olr pressure VI. Turn to Page Six For many years, at his various

High court: ruling hailed

in the contemporary world and in the concert of nations. It was in the context of its Catholicism that the pope called for Brazil to be an example of justice and peace. Three hours after arriving, at an outdoor Mass attended by a

PAP AL AUDIENCE Come to the Holy Land! On your way

posts, Msgr. Walsh served as district and diocesan moderator for units of the Diocesan Council of Catholic Women. He was also active in support of the annual Bishop's Charity Ball. When the prelate concluded his parish ministry in 1972 he became chaplain at St. Mary's Home, New Bedford, until health compelled his retirement to the Memorial Home in 1974. In addition to Father Norton, he is survived by three sisters, Mrs. Mary Griffin, Mrs. Margaret Plant and Mrs. Catherine Furze, and a brother, John W. Walsh, as well as by a cousin, Sister M. Denisita, RSM.

you'll stop for a pilgrim's audience with the Holy Father and a thorough tour of the Vatican and Rome. On your return you'll trace the steps of St. Paul at Athens and Corinth in Greece.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 3, 1980

themoorin~

the living word

A Questionable Independence Those quasi-mystical men, the s'o-called fouriding fathers of this nation, led us to believe that the battle for independence was a struggle by the people of this new land to overcome foreign domination. To inspire the populace, a flag was sewn together as a declaration of this independence. In the American "magna charta," it was stated that men had certain unalienable rights, even the right to life. The king of England was called to task for imposing taxes without consent, doing away with trial by jury, and ignoring colonial legislatures through superimposition of a bureaucratic and despotic central government. In framing the Declaration of Independence, the members of the COntinental Congress obviously had no thought of effecting a national feeling for tolerance and freedom. In fact, the declaration makes explicit reference to the native Americans, describing them as "merciless Indian Savages, whose known Rule of Warfare is an undistinguished Destruction of all Ages, Sexes and Conditions." Personal and individual freedom were not of prime importance in this document, being left to the area of constitutional amendments. If this august body of patriots could return today 'and frame another Declaration of Independence, they certainly would have their work cut out for them. They might indeed wonder if their efforts to free America from foreign domination had been in vain. Today the states of the Middle East hold American , economic life in bondage. American industry is fast be~ coming the hapless puppet of foreign trade domination. Citizens cannot get jobs because of the uncontrolled influx of alien labor. The litany of oppression is endless. No longer do Americans have a right to life, abortion is encouraged by the government, taxation without representation remains the politics of federal pork barrels. The American Indian is still an alien in his own land; civil freedoms are based on the needs of those who attempt to destroy the jury system and central government is more bureaucratic and despotic than ever. Little true change has o路ccurred.since July 4, 1776. The intentions of the Constitutional Congress seemingly have been thwarted and frustrated by the same mercantile greed that originally stimulated the Declaration of Independence. What America needs on this Fourth of July is not a dose of patriotic flag waving but rather a statement of national intent and purpose. We as a people are currently being subjected to the whims of a government that is afraid to face reality and seek solutions to problems. To be sure, all is currently clouded by election year politics. The pressure to be at the source of power is fast driving right-thinking men mad. Many fundamental issues remain unresolved in our continuing struggle to be an independent and free people. It is imperative that Americans realize that 1776 was only a beginning, not an end in itself. We might be the best form of government in the world today, but we are far from perfect. The more open and honest we are, the more we dare to explore the concept of independence and its implications for our society, the more nearly we will approach the spirit of that first Congress that began this journey we call America. i"/

theanc

OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE DIOCESE OF' FALL RIVER 410 Highland Avenue

Fall River, Mass. 02122

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EDITOR

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leary Press-Fall River

'I will pour out waters upon the thirsty ground and streams upon the dry land,,' 路Is. 44:3

Russia hampers religion NEW YORK (NC) - Amnesty International reports that political dissidents, non-conformists and advocates of religious freedom in the Soviet Union increasingly are being sent to psychiatric wards. The 200-page re:port cited recent evidence of the use of psychiatry for political repression and analyzed Soviet law as applied to religious believers and non-conformists. Amnesty International is a London-based private organizatior. which monitors human rights. The report says all religious groups in the Soviet Union live under restrictions imposed by the state, which is committed to the withering away of religion. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s a very considerable proportion of known prisoners of conscience in the Soviet Union were religious believers. Soviet law closely restricts organized religious activity and provides for the imprisonment of religious believers explicitly for their religious activity. But the report says that in recent years prisoners of conscience from most religious denominations have been persecuted under broader laws and some have been imprisoned for activities in which religious belief was associated with broader protests. Among Lithuanians, Roman Catholic prisoners of conscience have been people sentenced since the mid-1970s for their associa-

tion with a "samizdat" (underground) journal called the Chronicle of the Lithuanian Catholic Church. This chronicle catalogues state harassment and disruption o,r Catholic clergymen and laymen. The report says it is common for Russian orthodox believers to be confined to psychiatric hospitals and to be told by government officials and psychiatrists that "religious belief is a sympto~ of mental illness." Imprisonment of members of the Catholic Ukrainian Rite and of Jehovah's Witnesses continues, says the report. Both churches are illegal. 'Ukrainian-Rite Catholics loyal to the Holy See have been forced to go underground to escape Soviet efforts to incorporate them into the Russian Orthodox Church. In 1979 at least 25 UkrainianRite Catholics and about 10 Jehovah's .Witnesses were believed to be imprisoned for their religious activities, the report says. In recent years, articles of criminal law dealing explicitly with religious activities also have been applied to members of Protestant denominations, especially the Baptists, Pentecostalists and Seventh Day Adventists. More than 1,000 members of dissenting Evangelical Christian and Baptist churches are known to have been prisoners of conscienc:e during the 1960s and

1970s, Amnesty International said. The report adds that criminal laws dealing explicitly with religion are applied most directly to members of these denominations. The report quotes the Soviet Constitution of 1977 which says in Article 52 that "citizens of the U.S.S.R. are guaranteed freedom of conscience, that is, the right to profess or not to profess any religion, and to conduct religious worship or atheistic propaganda." Amnesty International says this article provides the broad framework for the country's other laws and official regulations regarding religious believers. It proclaims the right to conduct atheistic propaganda but does not grant the right to conduct "religious propaganda," or what believers regard as preaching and teaching religious beliefs, a central requirement of many religions and a- form of freedom of expression. Within this restrictive constitutional context, the report says, religious behavior also is controlled by other laws and government pronouncements referred to broadly as the "legislation of cults." Amnesty reports the cases of more than 400 Soviet citizens in the past four years who have been imprisoned for trying to exercise their fundamental human rights as stipulated in the Soviet Constitution.


Fun"

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 3, 1980

110

By now, many of you are watching your 10th baseball game of the new Little League season. As onE! who's written on the negative side of organized leagues for children in the past, I need to do Bin about face. and tell about a really good experience of one of our sons. Steve's first season with the YMCA's league (YEA) last winter was what young o:,ganized sports should be. It began with a meeting for parents in which we were told this was an activity designed for kids, not parents. "You're welcome to come to the gar.~es," we were told, "but our emphasis is not on individual stardom or winning." Sou-roe, we thought. We'd heard that before and then attended the first game to find organized parent cheering sections, rosters of individual stats, and factions ready to "'get" the coach or umpires, whichever first met their displeasure. Next, the director showed a film explaining the underlying philosophy of YBA and elaborated on its message that enjoyment and learning to play together were such an integral part of the YBA league i:hat after each game there would be short team meetings in which feelings, behavior, and attitudes would be shared. Again, we were skeptical. Most post-game post-mortems that we'd experienced in

Wit(~h Once I heard Thomas Sullivan, U.S. attomey for Northern Illinois, give a talk insisting that if one man loses his freedom we all lose a bit of our freedom; that if one man is oppressed we ~lre all oppressed. This defense of the indivisibility of freedom made a great impression on me. So when Jesuit columnist Cornelius Buckley is silenced by the Jesuit California provincial, all who write in the church lose a little freedom. Father Buckley's freedom is my freedom. He made the mista~:e of criticizing through parody the liberal-oriented Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley, a school with whose faculty members I am in substantive agreement on many issues. The head of the JSTB said the criticisms were "harmful" to the school. I can't recall anyone ever saying that Dan Berrigan's criticisms of America were misleading or inaccurate or harmful. Maybe it's only right-wing Jesuits who get "restricted" these days, or maybe only when they go after other Jesuits. I do not agree with Father Buckley's criticism of the JSTB. I have little sympathy with the St. Ignatius Institute - a rightwing center at the University of San Francisco with which he is said to have some connection. Nor do I like very much the National Catholic Register, which has told almost as many

By

our 100 odd years of Little League spectator$hip were either rub-it-in demonstrations of victory, bitter denunciations of unfair officiating, or inter-team accusations of one another for losing the game. None of this was true, in Steve's YBA experience. Although scores were kept by the coach's wife, no scores were posted or announced. In fact, players sometimes had to ask who won at the end of the game. Always they had to make a personal effort to find out how many points they scored and were not told anyone EUse's scoring record, which remained private unless that person chose to share it. There were no league leaders, championships, or endless playoffs. The season ended as promised. It didn't bump into the next season because winning coaches were loathe to cease playing. What we enjoyed most, though, was the interaction of the kids and the youthful referees. At the parents' meeting, the . director told us that high school basketball players would referee. She explained that parents who criticized or interfered with the refereeing would not be tolerated. "You may see some pretty strange refereeing," she said, "but there's some pretty strange playing, too." She was right on both counts. The referees let a lot of ll-year-

DOLORES CURRAN

olds steps and double dribbles go by - thank heavens, or we'd, still be there - but they were so affirming when they did call foul I almost think a player would foul for that reason. "Good hustle," a sophomore referee would say, "but you bumped into him pretty hard." And he'd pat the player on his badges. Or, "You missed that one but the next time it will be easier," when a free throw didn't make it. Never did they chuckle at a player, even when his attempt at the basket went behind the backboard. All in all, it was basketball for the fun of it, playing without pressure but with coaching, and enjoyment on the part of parents in seeing their kids have a good time rather than seeing them win or consoling them when they lost. This isn't meant to be an endorsement of the YBA' league over other leagues but rather one parent's pleasant experience with one community's Y basketball effort. It's proof that organized sports for kids can be fun without pressure.

hunt,ers

By

lies about me as has its leftwing counterpart, the National REV. Catholic Reporter. I suspect that the Register ANDREW and the St. Ignatius Institute, if GREELEY not necessarily the Father Buckley himself, would be as delighted to see me "silenced" as they were delighted with the condemnation of Hans Kung. ly will turn on theological scholFor the life of me, however, I ars as well as conservative colcan't see how the substantive ap- umnists. proach to freedom of the CaliOne hears that we are in a fornia provincial or the leader- time of "witch hunts" in the ship at the JSTB is any different. Church. I used to doubt this, If men are to be silenced be- but when the liberals turn to cause they are "harmful" then hunting witches, I get a little are we not back in the days - afraid. when Teilhard de Chardin and Hans Kung's freedom to proJohn Courtney Murray were sitect his theology from iriesponlenced for the same reason? And if a columnist is guilty of sible distortion by church aumisleading inaccuracies, is not thorities is my freedom. So is the proper way to reply to him Cornelius Buckley's freedom to in a free society to point out criticize publicly those things with which he disagrees, even in these inaccuracies instead of the Society of Jesus. running to "daddy" (Father ProI think I hear the witch huntvincial) and insisting that he be ers at the door of my own cave. shut up? The Jesuits still have elab- Listen carefully, my friends, orate censorship regulations, they may be at the doors of your though it is my impression that caves too. Are they from the they are not imposed too rigor- right or from the left? When ously nowadays. Yet I confess you're being hunted, it doesn't to being utterly scandalized really matter. when the rector of a modern Catholic school of theology deTHE ~NCHOR mands that censorship be more (USPS·545-ll20) strictly imposed. Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River. Quite apart from the incon- Mass. Published every Thursday at 410 sistency of such liberal illiberal- Highland Avenue, Fall River, Mass. 02722 ism, does he not realize that by by the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall sowing the wind he may reap River. Subscription price by mail, postpaid per year. Postmasters send address the whirlwind? Unleash the cen- $6.00 ;hanges to The Anchor. P.O. Box 7. FaU sorship demon and it most sure- River, MA 02722 •

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Nuclear fu·el- for

India? One of the casualties of the Afghanistan invasion may be Jimmy Carter's reputation as a champion of nuclear non-proliferation. Questions about Carter's constancy on human rights, arms sales and devotion to the hostages have been raised. But nonproliferation, which he once called "one of mankind's most pressing challenges," was presumably the North Star of his somewhat changable ideological sky. During the 1976 campaign, he attacked Gerald Ford as someone who was unable to grasp the moral primacy of the issue. In a speech in San Diego, he described the Ford-Kissenger way of using the sale of atomic fuel as a diplomatic weapon in these terms: "When we look for evidence of our purported policy of support for non-proliferation objectives, we find only the faint footprints of secret diplomacy and official acquiescence to the nuclear industry.. . We have failed miserably . . . " With such a record, you would hardly expect the president would turn on his own record . and approve the sale of 38 tons of nuclear fuel to India, a country that adamantly refuses to sign the nuclear no-proliferation treaty and makes no promises about not making atomic bombs. But Carter, under the strains of the Afghan invasion, has made an exception for India, presumably because he wishes to balance off his proferred largesse to Pakistan, India's neighbor and enemy. A'ccording to The Times of India, he sent a private letter to Indira Gandhi in which he promised she would get her atomic fuel, despite the fact India cheated once on a special agreement with us (signed in 1963) and exploded "a peacefu~ nuclear device" in 1974 and that Ghandi won't take the pledge against a recurrence. The State Department provided the rationale for the Carter reversal in secret hearings on Capitol Hill. It was somewhat tortured. Deputy Secretary of State Warren Christopher said if we fail to supply fuel for the Tarapur plant, as promised under the 1963 agreement, Gandhi might renege on her part of the bargain, which was to keep Tarapur under inspection and safeguards. She might be so mad, Christopher suggested, she would use the spent fuel for another nuclear explosion. To some of the indignant senators, it sounded like an invitation to Gandhi to commit blackmail. Making Carter's reversal even more embarrassing was the action of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, which was required to pass judgment on his decision. The NRC, which always has had

5

By MARY McGRORY

a black-hat reputation as the promoter of nuclear commerce - some people didn't trust it not to ship a little something to South Africa - spoke as one by a vote of 5 to 0 against granting India's application. "It is an unfortuate accident of history," wrote -Commissioner Victor Gilinsky, with the concurrence of Commissioner Peter. Bradford, "that these license applications have come under consideration at a time when the international situation is thought to require a serious compromise of our long-term security objective of preventing the spread of nuclear weapons." Sen. John Glenn, D-Ohio, one of the sponsors of the non-proliferation treaty, put the matter more bluntly in a letter to Secretary of State Muskie. He warned that if the president were to veto a congressional vote against the sale, his veto would be overridden. "I need not dwell on what this would do to the president's image not only in the eyes of the American people but also in the eyes of our allies and adversaries abroad," Glenn wrote. "I wish simply to reiterate that setting such plans into concrete at this time would not be in the interests of the worldwide antiproliferation effort or the president's political fortunes." In the House, some 70 members scrambled aboard a letter of protest written by Rep. Edward J. Markey, D-Mass., a leader of the anti-nuclear movement. Some unexpected names showed up among the signers. The most surprising was that of Rep. Jack Kemp, R-N.Y., a stalwart conservative and Ronald Reagan's would-be vice president. Reagan, who is much in favor of nuclear plants, is expected to use Carter's change of heart against him. Reagan smarts under charges that he is a hawk, for one thing, and for another, the Carter decision is an irresistible example of waffling in the White House. So far, the only visible beneficiary of the situation seems to be the NRC, which finds itself the subject of many flattering editorials praising its steadiness and restraint - a marked change from the Three Mile Island com· mentary. But Carter has not heard a kind word from anyone for making an exception of India - not anyone, that is, except those people within the administration who agree with the Ford-Kissenger policy the president once so deplored, and who feel that nuclear fuel is too valuable a tool to give up in the grand scheme of geopolitics.


6

THE ANCHORrhurs., July 3,

Euthanasia

1980

'Confession' • • IS surprIse

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NEW YORK (NC) A spokesman for Freedom of Faith, an ecumenical organization working for religious rights, said he was "very surprised" by the confession in Moscow of antiSoviet wrong-doing by a jailed dissident Russian Orthodox priest, Father Dmitri Dudko. "I'm sure there are mitigating circumstances," said John HaysGreen, executive director of Freedom of Faith. Hays-Green said Father Dudko had apparently been told that he would be set free if he confessed. The confession, televised nationally in the Soviet Union, came six months after the Jan. FOSTER GRANDMOTHERS at St. Vincent's Home, Fall River, recently received cer15 arrest of the priest, who has tificates of appreciation for their years of service to children with slPecial needs. The been in jail and under interrogafederally funded program is in its eighth year at the home. From left, standing, Martha tion since then. In the past, Lambert; Sister Marie Lourdette, RSM, program supervisor; Jane Keezer; seated, Mary Father Dudko was twice removed from parishes, reportedly Lord, Nellie Casilli, Mary Miozza, Mary Pimental. (Torchia Photo) because Soviet authorities thought his sermons attracted too many followers. In the televised confession, the priest said, "I have seen that I yielded to the propaganda state level," he said, "our govContinued from Page Three The lNational Right to Life voices which are directed at unand debate. As much as any- ernment is prevented from ful- Committee has announced a dermining our system and I failthing else, the ruling today un- filling one of its essential obliga- three-year plan to have a human ed to see what is really being life amendment to the Constituderscores the fact that those who tions for the common good done in our country for the believe in the sanctity of life the protection of human life at tion ready for ratification by the benefit of the people . . . I reevery state of its existence. states. pudiate what I have done and must redouble their efforts to Every day in our country, 4,900 enact a constitutional amend"Working together we can assess my so-called - struggle of the most defenseless members change the course of history so ment that will protect life in all against godlessness as struggle of society - the unborn - are that our children and our chilstages of its existence." against the Soviet power." destroyed." He called for a hu- dren's children will grow up in The 59-year-old Father Dudko "I am grateful that millions of man life amendment to protect a nation whtere human life once had previously spent eight years Americans who oppose abortion the unborn. again is protected no matter in Soviet prison camps. and whose hard-earned tax monDr. John C. Willke, new presi- how young, how old, how poor, Assigned to Sts. Peter and ies contribute to Medicaid, will dent of the National Right to or - how handicapped," said Dr. Paul Orthodox Church in Mos- no longer have to pay for the Life Committee, said: "The Su- Carolyn Gerster, immediate past cow, he attracted many follow- . destruction of human life," said preme Court has given its sanc- president of the committee and ers, including a large number Cardinal Terence Cooke of New tion to what the Congress of the now its vice-president for interof young people. He was later York, chairman of the NCOB United States, the several states national affairs. transferred, reportedly after the Committee for Pro-Life Activiand the people of this nation government's intervention, to the ties. have believed all along: the exsmall Church of St. Nicholas in Always Before Us The cardinal noted, however, penditure of public funds for Moscow. "God always goes before our abortion on demand is a choice that the decision left standing the He was also popular at the that citizens in a democratic so- contemplatio::l; we can never new parish, where he initiated a 1973 Supreme Court decisions reciety must remain free not to here overtake him who is our moving most restrictions on series of evening conversations highest beatitude," - Dante make," between Orthodox and atheists. abortion. "On a national and Reports on the conversations were published in the West and later clandestinely in the Soviet Union. This led to the priest's transfer in 1974 to the village of Kabanovo, about 50 miles Continued from page one from Moscow. His wife Nina said June 21 -DeLeo, who describes himself as a "servant of God who glorifies his in Moscow that he has been recreator," recently received a commendation from the Red Cross after leased from jail, but that the donating his 65th' pint of blood. And since hearing of the work of Mother . charges are still pending against him. Teresa of Calcutta, India, foundress of the Missionaries of Charity, he

High court ruling hailed

Keeper of the flame

[necroloCiY) July 18 Rev. Adalbert Szklanny, 1968, Assistant, St. Patrick, Fall River July 19 Most Rey. Daniel F. Feehan, D.D., 1934, 2nd Bishop of Fall River, 1907-1934 Rev. Francis M. Coady, 1975, Pastor, SS. Peter & Paul, Fall River July 23 Rev. Patrick F. Doyle, 1893, Founder, SS. Peter & Paul, Fall River Rev. George B. McNamee, 1938, Pastor, Holy Name, Fall River

has contributed thousands of dollars to the Catholic Medical Mission Board. He said his faith carried him through trying times in 1974 when his mother died of cancer and a relationship with a woman he hoped to marry ended. DeLeo said he believes he'll marry some day. "When the time is right, God will introduce the right woman to me." Since a television crew from the show "Real People" did a feature on him, children from around the country ask for him and he has received scores of letters addressed simply to "Charlie DeLeo, Statue of Liberty." He has answered every one. Last October, as Pope John Paul II addressed a crowd at Battery Park a mile and a half away, Deleo lit the statue's torch and prayed "for a successful mission," he said. DeLeo has the job pf his dreams and expects to stay there for a while. "I was born for this job," he said. "Who could imagine a guy like me being keeper of the flame?"

Continued from page one cation or medical procedure disproportionate to the results that can be expected, or a desire not to impose excessive expense on the family or the community," it added. The doctrinal congregatioh said the document was drafted with the aid of several experts after many bishops' conferences asked for clarification on euthanasia-related issues because of modem medical advances. The document is designed to help bishops "to give correct teaching to the faithful entrusted in their care and to offer them elements for reflection that they can present to the civil authorities with regard to this very serious matter," it said. Much of the new Vatican document is based on quotes from Pope Pius XII, whose comments on medical ethics have formed the basis for most church comments on cases such as those of Karen Ann Quinlan, a comatose New Jersey woman whose parents were backed by their pastor in removing her from a life-support system; and Marianist Brother Joseph Fox, suffering irreparable brain damage, whose superior sought to remove him from a respirator. The brother died, however, while still on the respirator. "In this sphere of teaching, the recent popes have explained the principles and these retain their full force," the declaration said. "But the progress of medical science in recent years has brought to the fore new aspects of the question of euthanasia and these aspects call for further elucidation on the ethical level." Regarding suicide, the declaration called it "equally as wrong as murder" because it involves "a rejection of God's sovereignty and loving plan . . . a refusal of love for self, the denial of the natural instinct to live, a flight from the duties of justice and charity owed to one's neighbor," The declaration said, however, that "at times there are psychological factors present that can diminish responsibility or even completely remove it," Although it did not mention the term, the document commented on the concept of "living wills," by which a patient authorizes in advance the discontinuance of life-sustaining procedures in tbe event of terminal illness. ' :: , "The pleas of gravely ill people who sometimes ask for death are not to be understood as implying a true desire for euthanasia," the declaration said. "In fact it is almost always a case of an anguished plea for help and love. On the topic of painkillers which cause unconsciousness, the document relied heavily on the comments of Pope Pius XII to a group of doctors. "It is not right to deprive a dying person of consciousness without a serious reason," said Pope Pius. "A person not only has to be able to satisfy his or her moral duties and' family obligations. He or she also has to prepare himself or herself with full consciousness for meeting Christ," added the document.


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 3, 1980

7

the mail packet letters are welcomed, but should be no more than 200 words. The editor reserves the right to condense or edit, If deemed necessary. All letters must be sil:ned and Include a home or business addre';s.

Diocese thanJ~ed Dear Editor: I wish to thank the people of the Diocese of Fall River for their continuing and gemerous support of the Campaign for Human Development. Reclently a check for $41,000 was received here at the national office. This amount is the % portion to be distributed nationally. This year 646 funding proposals requesting nearly $44 million have been received. These are now being reviewed and prioritized by national staff, the COO Diocesan Directors, and the CHD National Committee of 40 people representing all geographic regions and the ethnic/racial makeup of the United States. Usually there is enough money to fund some 120125 self-help projects. The Diocese of Fall River has received back 56% of it's contributions in such grants. The continued generosity of the people of your diocese fulfills the spirit of Pope John Paul II's Puebla statement that "the Church's evangelical commitment ought to be the same as Christ's: a commitment to the most needy," and his statement at Yankee Stadium that charity is not enough, but " ... you will also want to seek out the structural reasons which foster or cause the different forms of poverty." CHD is designed to foster those institutional changes which address the very causes of poverty. On behalf of the entire CHD family, I express sincere thanks also to Bishop Cronin and to Rev. Peter N. Graziano, your Diocesan Director. Rev. Marvin A. Mottet Executive Director Campaign for Human Development

Time Dear Editor: I enclose a poem I h:ave composed. Each day that we live! is a gift from above Given to us by our Father with love. What do you think that He had in mind When He gave you and me this gift of time: Do you think that He meant us to use it to gain A life soft and easy e,r fortune and fame? Or did He intend us to use it instead To spread the good news that God is not dead? He's very much alive and lives in us all And we should take time to listen to His call. Why can't we be quiet and stop all our hurrying What good does it do us to always be worrying

About what we should wear and does this look right? Do our neighbors have more? And whom should we fight? It's so unimportant and really quite selfish To think just of ourselves and what the world owes us. . What counts most of all in this life and the next Is how much we've loved and cared for the rest Of all God's people - our family and friends For this is how we'll be judged in the end. So realize that time well spent here on Earth Is more valuable and precious than all that gold's worth. Use it to do good works for the Lord And life everlasting will be our reward. Barbara Despres Fairhaven

For the blind Dear Editor: The Xavier Society for the Blind depends on the sighted person to bring its free services to the attention of the visually impaired. For the past number of years you have been of great assistance to us in reaching the totally blind and partially sighted person by publicizing our announcements and display ads. With your continued help we are hoping to reach many new visually impaired in your diocese. Our sincere thanks are offered to you, your staff and your subscribers for their concern and help. Betty J. Dodt Xavier Society for the Blind New York, N.Y.

Defeat challenge

to U8CC WASHINGTON (NC) - The secretary for education of the U.S. Catholic Conference (USCC) said conference officials were "disappointed" by the defeat in the Senate of a proposal to aid needy non-public elementary and high school students. "Yet we see such a defeat as part and parcel of the democratic system and process," said Father Thomas Gallagher, the usec education secretary. "It urges us to return to the drawing boards to revise other methods for guaranteeing what social justice demands for all youngsters and especially their parents, even those parents who choose not to send their children to government schools. And we would hope that the Senate would continue its efforts to work with us to devise those methods." . The defeated proposal would have given federal grants of up to $750 a year for tuition to non-public elementary and high school students whose families earn less than $15,000 annually.

MRS. EDMOND J. CLERMONT, president of La Ligue des Presidents of New Bedford, and State Rep. Roger Goyette lay a wreath on World War II tank at Franco- American Square, New Bedford. They were marking the first St. Jean Baptiste Day, es~ablished by Gov. Edward King as the result of a bill sponsored by Rep. Goyette. To be observed the fourth Sunday in June, it is hoped the holiday will eventually be celebrated across the state and in Canada. The New Bedford observance also included a city hall flag raising, a Mass at St. Joseph's Church and the opening of a French-Canadian restaurant.

Holy Cross general chapter The Congregation of the Holy Cross convoked a general chapter at Holy Cross Center, Stonhill College, North Easton, on Tuesday. Under direction of Father Thomas Barosse, superior general, the first plenary assembly of the month-long meeting was held yesterday.

Present were delegates from the United States, Canada, Brazil, Haiti, Peru, Chile, Ghana, France, Italy, India and Bangladesh. They represent Holy Cross ministries in 36 states, seven Canadian provinces, seven Central and South American coun-' tries, four European nations, six

Land stud.,V looks ahead DES MOINES, Iowa (NC) The presence of 40 bishops at two meetings on the Midwestern bishops' land statement indicates the high level of interest in the statement among bishops, according to Bishop Maurice J. Dingman of Des Moines. The statement, "Strangers and Guests: Toward Community in the Heartland," was approved unanimously by the 23 bishops present for its signing of the document and Bishop Dingman expressed confidence that most, if not all, of the other bishops of the heartland will also sign. The statement grew out of the interest of a small group of South Dakota farmers who approached Father Leonard Kayser, rural life director of the sioux Falls Diocese, with the suggestion that the church issue a statement applying Catholic social teachings to problems of land use. Bishop Dingman said he believes it is "an opportune time" for "Strangers and Guests." "It is a summary document for the future, a basis for educational and advocacy efforts," he said. '\1 think we have a document that is going to have a real impact on the heartland," "There are two remarkable things ,about this document," said Bishop Dingman, "the im-

put from the grassroots people and the follow-up." He referred to the hearings process in which rank-and-file Catholics were invited to respond to the first draft of the statement as "a beautiful example of a listening church."

African republics, India and Malaysia. Among discussion topics will be the spiritual and community life of the congregation, its apostolic priorities and its perceived need for more explicit and radical witnessing to Gospel values. Also considered are members' prayer life, renewal, service to the poor, social justice, life styles, apostolic and ministerial planning and evaluation and Christian education. Assisting Father Barosse at the meeting are his assistants, Fathers William Ribando, provincial, Arthur Colgan, Robert Kruse and James Lackenmier; and Brothers Renatus Foldenauer, provincial, John Gleason, Paul Rahaim, Sidney Halligan, John Paige and David Andrews.

Noting that the bishops at the meeting also voted to sponsor a follow-up program to the statement that will include a documentary film, a audio-visual presentation and a study guide, .' Bishop Dingman said, "it is exFather George W. Coleman ceptional for any document to diocesan director of education, get that kind of backing. was principal celebrant for the "What it shows is that we funeral Mass of his mother, Mrs. Beatrice (Shea) Coleman, whith mean business," he said. John Hart, director of the too,k place Monday at St. PatHeartland Project which coor- rick's Church, Somerset. dinated the diocesan hearings Bishop Daniel A. Cronin preprocess in the 12-state area, said sided at the Mass and imparted in a recent interview that one . the last blessing. of the most significant things Mrs. Coleman was the daughabout "Strangers and Guests" is the process by which it was ter of the late Patrick and Margaret (Sullivan) Shea. She was a formed. member of the Somerset Cath"It really became a document olic Woman's Club. that emerged from the reflecAs well as her son, she is surtions of the bishops, the clergy and the laity," he said. "I think vived by her husband, George that is one of its greatest W. Coleman, a daughter, Mrs. strengths not only because of Thomas C. Keegan, a grandson the wide variety of insights put and several nieces and nephews, into it, but also because so many including Father James A. Bepeople have a sense of sharing son, SJ of Boston College High in it," School.

Mrs. Coleman


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 3, 1980

8

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Priesthood for handicapped (NC) WASHINGTON Michael Sullivan sees himself as a government employee, a future priest - and an "ice breaker" about to melt walls that once kept people like himself out of the seminary. Sullivan, 30, is handicapped, a victim- of cerebal palsy since birth. In the past, such problems have impeded e man from the priesthood. But there is more awareness now cf the capabilities of the handicapped and dispensations are more freely granted, said Father Daniel F. Hoye, associate general secretary of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops. (Father Hoye is a priest of the Fall River diocese, on special assignment at the NCCB.) He explained that the reason irregularities, as impediments are called in canon law, may hinder the testing of a vocation is that a person must be physically capable of handling a ministerial role. Bishops may dispense from the law on some irregularities, while others need papal dispensation, he said. In recent years, for instance, paraplegics and blind or deaf candidates have been ordained. Thus in September Mike Sullivan will begin his studies for the priesthood in the San Francisco archdiocese seminary. He has contemplated the step for 12 years. An equal employment specialist with the Veterans' Administration, Sullivan said his call to the priesthood was .reactivated in fall of .1979 when he realized he was "shuffling papers instead of dealing with people." He had toyed with the idea ofbeing a priest sir.ce high school, seriously acted upon it twice, and then immersed himself in other activities, including serv-

ing as a member of the U.S. Committee on Ministry with Handicapped Persons. But in 1979, Sullivan's motivation grew. "I just felt a power within me, the Holy Spirit," he said. Thus, he applied to and

MICHAtL SULLIVAN

was recently accepted by the San Francisco archdiocese. "I feel very good about entering. Very good and very much at peace," Sullivan said. "I think this is something of an ice breaker, especially for persons with cerebal palsy. I think I'm one of the first, if not the first person, _with cerebal palsy to enter the seminary." Expecting to be ordained in 1984, he said he hopes to serve as a parish priest and to continue his activities on behalf of handicapped individuals. Sullivan said he and other USCC committee members helped shape the 1978 "Pastoral Statement of U.S. Catholic Bishops on Handicapped People," which called for greater church awareness of the needs and contribu-

tions of physically handicapped persons. In 1977, to "shake up the government," and protect inadequate affirmative action for the handicapped, he got himself invited to testify before the Senate subcommittee on the handicapped. Later, concerned about the lack of an "international witness to the disabled" by the church, he went to see Archbishop Jean Jadot, apostolic delegate in the United States, to request establishment of a papal commission on the handicapped. "I think the church has been prejudiced against handicapped individuals in the past," although it is ~ow changing, he said. "Obviously, there is a lot more that needs to be done." He predicted a main duty as a priest will be "just making people aware of the need of handicapped people to be integrated into the church." That includes the chance to follow up a vocation, he emphasized. He is looking forward to his new career, and sees good reason to celebrate: "It's not that Mike Sullivan made it, even though he is tickled pink and more happy than he's ever been, but that a person with cerebal palsy received the affirmation he may have a vocation to serve God as a priest," he said. Auxiliary Bishop Pierre DuMaine of San Francisco, whom Sullivan said indirectly encouraged his vocation, knew Sullivan at a parish in San Francisco. Bishop DuMaine said Sullivan's vocation is no different from that of any would-be seminarian. "I've observed his growth, his tenacity," the bishop said. "There sems to be no barrier to his being able to deal with- people as a priest."

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Things didn't go better with CHICAGO (NC) - A Catholic high school principal's charge that the Coca-Cola Company was promoting a racist and sexist contest led the company to take steps to remove promotional materials for the contest from the marketplace. In a letter to the president of Coca-Cola, Franciscan Father Christian N. Reuter, principal of Hales Franciscan High School in Chicago, criticized the company's promotion of its "PIBB Girl Contest." PIBB is a soft -drink produced by Coca-Cola. The contest 5.nvites photographs of girls resembling a composite drawing combining . facial features of "five of America's most prominent beauties:" Pam Dawber (hair), Debby Boone (mouth), Susan Anton (eyes), Kristy McNichol (nose) and Melissa Sue Anderson (face shape). All five girls are white. Contest rules and posters were mailed to schools through-

out the United States. "As the principal of a high school that serves minority students," Father Reuter wrote, "I am deeply ::nsulted to receive a promotion that is so blatantly racist. It is immediately apparent to any sensitive person that non-Anglo contestants need not apply. "I also find this contest offensive in its sexist connotations," the priest said. "To offer a prize solely for having certain physical features, based on a composite drawing, is both unenlightened and demeaning to all women." Father Reuter refused to publicize the contest and threatened to remove all Coca-Cola products from the school's lunch program and refreshment stands and to encourage other school officials to take such steps. He urged the company to cancel the contest and to apologize publicly for its promotion.

Col~e

In a letter to school superintendents and principals in all 50 states, Father Reuter said: "If we have learned anything from the recent history of American education, it is that rewards and penalties are not to be based on complexions and physical features. The PIBB Girl Contest offends on grounds of both race and sex." In a letter to Father Reuter, Dianne McKaig, Coca-Cola's vice president for consumer affairs, said his letter had persuaded company officials that the contest could be open to the interpretation that it is "racist and exploitive." She said "steps are being taken to remove this promotion from the marketplace." "The company," she continued, "will review all future promotional activities to insure that' a situation of this type does not recur,"


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 3, 1980

9

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 3, 1980

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A foreign friend commented yesterday that I must feel proud to live in a society which loves children so muc!:. He pointed to the millions of dollars the govemment spends on day care, the many new programs to enrich pre-school education, and impr~)Ved special education programs. He even included the increasing number of families with one or two children where every child is said to be a wanted child. Then on television I saw an ad for "The Exorcist," a movie about a child possessed by the devil. I thought of other movies where children are presented as frighteningly evil, as persons to fear "Rosemary's Baby," "The Omen" and "It's Alive." Why are these movies so popular? Does this seem like a society that loves its children? I thought of the campaigns to legalize abortion; to make it available to women on demand; to provide govemment funds so that poor people can obtain abortions; to allow doctors to perform them on m~nor teen-age girls, even against the wishes and wisdom of their parents. The rhetoric of the abortion argument stresses the rights of the adults. Do we express love of children by getting rid of them even before they are hom? A society that stresses "take care of number one" and "do

your own thing" increasingly comes to view children as nuisances. Several cities have passed ordinances to prevent landlords from excluding children, The ads for over half the rentals in many large cities read: "No children allowed." The developer of a large department complex with many adult recreational facilities told me: "We can't have kids whooping around here while our adult tenants are trying to get a sun-tan. They work hard all day and deserve some quiet." True enough, perhaps, but does this sound like a society that wants children around? More and more mothers are going back to work. Twenty-one per cent of ;!lll U.S. households have both parents working. A mother who stays home to care for her children does not receive much prestige. She gains more status by working outside the home. Frequently she does not even eam much extra money, since her salary is dented by child care ex.penses, meals out, working clott.es and extra taxes. Does this reflect a society which is child-oriented? Our society is commercial and oriented toward institutions. Retently a kindergarten teacher told me that during a flu epidemic last wiinter, she had several children come to school even though they were clearly sick. The school nurse called the

parents and sent the children home. The next day, still sick, the rhildren were again sent to school. Why? Both parents work. Apparently neither the -parents nor their employers thought the parent should miss work to care for a sick child. The demands of work come before the demands of family. Noted social scientist Urie Bronfenbrenner has proposed a criterion to judge the north of a society: the concem of one generation for the next. In "Two Worlds of Childhood," Bronfenbrenner says: "If the children and youth of a nation are afforded opportunity to develop their capacities to the fullest, if they are given the knowledge to understand the world and the wisdom to change it, then the prospects for the future are bright. In contrast, a society which neglects its children, however well it may function in other respects, risks eventual disorganization and demise." According to Bronfenbrenner, not only individuals but society as a whole must show love and concem for children. That concem is not merely a nice extra but the very condition for survival. Questions on family Uvlng and child care are invited. Address to the Kemrys c/o The Anchor,

P.O. Box 7, Fall River, Mass.

Ahp. J adot to Se:cretariat VATICAN ClAY {NC) - Pope John Paul II has ;~amed Archbishop Jean Jadot, apostolic delegate in the United States, propresident of the Secretariat for Non-Christians as part of major changes in the Roman Curia, the church's central administration. The changes also involved resignations of three cardinals as heads of Vatican bodies, appointments of two cardinals and an auxiliary bishop to replace them and naming of a new secretary for the Vatican's Justice and Peace Commission. Archbishop Jadot, a 70-yearold native of Belgium, is likely to join the College of Cardinals in the next consistory announced by the pope, -as the secretariat is normally headed by a cardinal. The well-liked apostolic delegate visited the Fall River diocese in July, 1977, when he was principal celebrant of the Mass of dedication for St. Elizabeth Seton Church, North Falmouth. At that time he also celebrated Mass for cloistered Carmelite nuns in South Dartmouth, met with retired Bishops James L. Connolly and James J. Gerrard, toured the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, celebrated a parish Mass at St. Pius X Church, South Yarmouth, and met with diocesan priests and laity at a -Fall River lunch. The resignations accepted by Pope John Paul involve Cardinal-Pierre Paul Philippe, 75-yearold prefect of the Congregation for Eastern-Rite Churchesj Car-

dinal Corrada Bafile, prefect of the Congregation for Saints' Causes, who will be 77' in July; and Cardinal :Franz Konig, president of the Secretariat for NonBelievers, who will be 75 in August. Cardinal Philippe was succeeded by Cardinar Wladislaw Rubin, a 62-year-old Pole who had been secretary general of the world Synod of Bishops until he was named a cardinal in June 1979. Cardinal Bafile was replaced by Italia~ Cardinal Pietro Palazzini. The pope named Aux~iary Bishop Paul Poupard of Paris, the 49-year-old rector of the Catholic Instttute of Paris, as propresident of the Secretariat for Non-Believers and titular archbishop of Usula. The pope's final appointment was Father Jan Schotte, a Belgian member of the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, as secretary of the Pontifical Justice and Peace Commission, succeeding Bishop Roger Heckel, recently named coadjutor in Strasbourg, France. In Washington Archbishop Jadot said, "I am deeply grateful to Pope John Paul II for giving me the opportunity to serve the church in her ongoing dialogue with all religions of the world." The archbishop said he enjoyed the seven years he has been apostolic delegate in the United States. "I have drawn inspiration from the vitality of the Catholic I

laity and their generosity to those in need," he said. The naming of Archbishop Jadot and Archbishop-designate Poupard as propresidents also prompted strong rumors that the pope would announce a new consistory at the June 28 meet· ing. There are currently 127 members of the college of cardinals, 116 of whom are under the age of 80 and therefore eligible to vote for a new pope. Archbishop-designate Poupard, 49, becomes the youngest member of the Roman Curia, replacing 53-year-old Cardinal William Baum, the U.S.-bom head of the Congregation for Catholic Education.

Farm policy WASHINGTON (NC) A group of church leaders of various faiths concemed about U.S. food policy has urged support of a farm policy which would save small and moderate-sized family farms from extinction. One of the signers of the statement, developed by the Interreligious Task Force on U.S. Food Policy, is Bishop Lawrence J. McNamara of Grand Island, Neb., president of the National Catholic Rural Life Conference.

Reminder "He who would do good to another must do it in minute particulars." - William Blake


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 3, 1980

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By Father John DietEen Q. In reply to a recent ques-tion, what you do not sa3' directly is almost more intriguing than what you do say. If I may paraphrase one paragraph,"ln forming OIlEl's conscience, the guidance of the church must have a si~:nificant influence." Does that IWli8Jl that the church no longer makes an absolute statement abo'llt what a mortal sin is? WhilEl I can undersand this in I"elJard to church laws (fasting, holy days, abstinence), does it apply to God's laws, the Ten CClmmandments, too? It would seem that everyone, including Hitler, could rationalize their doings. If thE! church can't or won't say what is a sin, can he ask if there really is any sin? (Massachusetts) A. I am not sure what connection you are attempting to make between the church's statements and the existence of sin. Unfortunately, there is such a thing as sin. The church can and does make absolute statements about sin. However, maybe our expectations of what exactly the church can clr should say about God's laws are wrong. Above all, we cannot think of "the church" as a SOlt of answer machine for every question about life and morality. The church is a living community of people struggling and working at every' point through history to understand and respond to God's laws - especially the primary law of Christ to love God above all and to love c.ur neighbor as ourselves. ThE! bishops and pope have the primary teaching responsibility through the charism of their e,ffice, but they too are part of this pilgrim church. History has always taught, as it does now, that the black and white answers some people seem to demand are often not possible; or at least that such answers are not at all evident. Second, we must remember that what we call God's laws often deal with matters of "natural law" - that is, those principles that man must follow in order to be truly t..uman, to provide for the righ1C kind of physical, emotional, intellectual and spiritual growth that will make him more perfElctly alive and whole as a human being. Among these would be, for example, the principles underlying the Ten Commandme:nts. The church, again mainly through its college of bishops with the Holy Father, guides us in applying these pr:inciples to our daily lives. In carrying out such guidance the church is faced with an ever-changing array of social, scientific, economic, political and psychological realities - all of whi·ch in some way affect what is the truly "human" or moral way to act in specific instances. Our traditional moral principles tell us that circumstances determining what :is morally

right or wrong change not only from one part of the world or one culture to another. They also change from one time to another. The classic (but by no means only) example concerns accepting interest on invested money. 312 Hillman Street 999-4411 New Bedford + •••••••• For centuries the church taught repeatedly that this was seriously wrong because the custom seemed to threaten the economic stability of families and Color Process Year Books society. One ecumenical council (the Council of Vienne) decreed Booklets Brochures that anyone who taught that taking interest was not a sin should CARDINAL SERGIO PIG· be punished in the same way as' NEDOU, who died last a heretic. month, is especially mournThat position gradually ed by ecumenists and misschanged, of course, as the reOFF SET - PRINTERS - LmERPRESS quirements and nature of large ionaries. He headed the Coneconomic systems became evi- gregation for the Evangeli1-17 COFFIN AVENUE Phone 997-9421 dent. The change occurred, how- zation of Peoples, the New Bedford, Mass. ever, only at the cost of long church's chief mission orconfusion and disagreement ganization, and was a memamong bishops, theologians, priests and others about the ber of the Secretariat for Christian Unity and presilegitimacy of the practice. Christ promised us all the dent of. the Secretariat for guidance we will need to make non-Christians. From 1967 good, sincere moral decisions. to 1973 he' was the internaWe would do wen to remember tional president of the Sothat promise and remember that, Fr. Damien with the lepers even in the midst of what seems ciety for the Propagation of like confusion, Jesus always. the Faith. changed his world. keeps it. If occasionally there is Fr. Mateo with family restoration in the home more gray area than we find changed his world. . comfortable or desirable, perhaps that is his way of t~lling us Change yours _as these men did through to be a lttile more self-reliant membership in the and a little more open to his grace and to the fact that we WASHINGTON (NC) - The Congregation of the Sacred Hearts still have a lot to learn - all of military seizure of power in of Jesus 'and Mary us. South Korea is an "unfortunate I am interesied in religious life as a ( ) priest. ( ) brother, ( ) sister. Finally, a key word in your development" that may hinder question is "Rationalize." One justice for the South Koren Name Age _ rationalizes morally when he people, according to Archbishop knows what he wants to do, John R. Quinn of San FrancisAddress - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - knows his motives are doubtful co, president of the National City State Zip _ if not downright evil, and yet Conference of Catholic Bishops. Education Phone _ fishes around for some phony In a letter to two South KorVocation Director, Sacred Hearts Community, 3 Adams St., Box 111 justification to delude himself ean bishops, Archbishop Quinn Fairhaven, MA 02719. Telephone (617) 993-2442 and others. This is pure dishon- also said he was conscious of ' --' esty right from scratch, and has the impact of U.S. foreign policy nothing to do with genuine moral on the Korean people and said decision making. the NCCB would do what it Questions for this column could to defend the human rights should be sent to Father Diet- of the Korean people. zen c/o The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, TRAVEL? The letter was written to CarFall River, Mass. 02722. dinal Stephen Sou Hwan Kim of Seoul and Archbishop VictorMOST OF THE TRAVEL BUYS YOU READ ious Kong-Hi Youn of Kwan-Ju, ABOUT IN NEWSPAPERS OVER THE WEEKEND president of the Korean bishops' Celebrating the 75th anniver- conference. ARE. AVAILABLE AT sary of the arrival of the DominiArchbishop Quinn noted that can Sisters of the Presentation the seizure of power "by selfin the Fall River diocese, Bishop appointed military leaders" Daniel A. Cronin will be princi- came "after a period of wellpal celebrant of a Mass at 2 deserved tranquility and develp.m. Saturday, July 26, at St. opment in which the Korean , m-.-ol906 Anne's Church, Fall River. people were able to show their A reception will follow in St. . talents and to create a better Our Staff Consists of Anne's School. life for all." The observance will be part CERTIFIED TRAVEL COUNSELORS He added, "I assure you that of a year-long series of special NO NHO TO RUN ALL events marking the anniversary. we will try, through the NCCB, OVII NIW INGLAND JUST CALL The Dominican community to support here the vigorous staffs St. Anne's Hospital, Fall defense of human rights which River, Marian Manor, Taunton, .the Korean church has so. courand Madonna Manor, Attle- ageously practiced for many boro. Its North American pro- years now." vincial house is located in Dighton. Members of the province 154 NOIlH MAIN STIBT What to fear are stationed in the archdiocese 'AU. IIVH, MA. 02722 ~ "Fear not that your life shall of Washington and the diocese Tou. ... 100-242-3162 MeM. only of Brownsville, Tex. as well as come to an end but rather fear CALL 676-1971 that it shall never have a beginin Fall River; and they also • . , , . ' "We'll send You With PI.sure" • serve missions in India. ning." Carlyle ",~~

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Thurs., July 3, 1980

Mark the Evangelist and faith By Father John J. Castelot

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The distinctive theology of any single Gospel is difficult to summarize in a single phrase. The teaching is rarely that simple. If I select one theme, I run the risk of neglecting other important possibilities. However, having acknowledged the risk, it is safe to say that a dominant theme of Mark's Gospel is: Without faith it is impossible to understand Jesus. To get this rr.essage across, Mark structured his material carefully. The first part of his Gospel is subdivided into three sections, each ending with the reaction of a group to Jesus. The first reaction is that of

Artificial insemination and marriage "

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Screaming headlines greeted the birth of the world's first test tube baby.

Parenthood and technology By Father Don McCarthy A new human being is normally created through the act of conjugal love. Yet today science can substitute artificial processes for the usual means. In artificial insemination, women can be impregnated with_ male sperm from their husbands or from some other male. Through "in vitro" fertilization, the union of sperm and ovum can be accomplished in a laboratory and, shortly thereafter, the fertilized ovum can be implanted in the woman (as occurred in the case of Louise Brown, born in England in 1978). As a medical ethicist at the Pope John Research Center in St. Louis, Mo., I feel these technological discoveries raise many serious questions. The beautiful word "procreation" which describE:s the activity of parenthood, implies that neither parent "owns" the child. "Pro" means "in behalf of," so that parenthood can be termed creation in behalf of God. Parents cooperate with God who is Lord of all human life. A democratic society such as the United States must make a collective decision on how much respect to accord parenthood and procreation.

....

Where did he get all this? How is it that such marvelous deeds are accomplished by his hands? Is this not the carpenter, the son of Mary, a brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon? Are not his sisters our neighbors here? "He could work no miracle there, apart from curing a few who were sick by laying hands on them, so much did their lack of faith distress him." (Mark 6: 2-3, 5-6a) The third group includes the daily companions of Jesus, selected by him (Mark 3:14), witnesses to a whole succession of healings, exorcisms, and other works of power. Surely they Turn to Page Thirteen

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some religious leaders who are positively h~tiIe. A'fter Jesus cures a deformed man on the Sabbath, the Gospel continues: "When the Pharisees went outside, they immediately begim to plot with the Herodians how they might destroy him" (Mark 3:6). The next reaction is that of his family and fellow-villagers, those related to him by blood and friendship. Both could be expected to accept Jesus. Instead, his family has already demonstrated embarrassment and lack of understanding. (Mark 3:21; see also 3:31-35). Now, after a synagogue ser路 mon in his own home town, the congregation responds with:

. The U.S. government-sponsored Ethics Advisory Board has recommended that in vitro fertilization be permitted only for married couples when the procedure is used to achieve a pregnancy. This recommendation

does not, now, carry the force of law. Traditional Catholic moral theology and official church teaching object to artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization in part because both take procreation outside the context of the act of conjugal love. It is argued that this depersonalizes the sacred beginning of human life. As an ethicist, I feel artificial insemination by a donor other than the husband, is a more serious moral matter. But even when' the husband is the donor, Turn to page thirteen

By Wililam E. May It is only natural for married

.couples to want children of their own. A's Vatican II teaches, "children are the supreme gift of marriage." Some couples, however, are not able to have children, sometimes because the husband is infertile. Today many such couples use artificial insemination. In this process sperm provided by a fertile male are used to fertilize the WOman's ovum. If the procedure is successful, the woman gives birth to a child who is fully her own. Many persons believe that there is nothing wrong with this process as long as the husband consents. They consider artificial insemination morally good pro-

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human person, but abandons concern for that life. In addition, he is 'unconcerned with the wellbeing and happiness of the woman who will bear his child. In short, artificial insemination dehumanizes the generation of human life by transforming it from an act of procreative love to one of reproductive technology. Vatican II teaches that good intentions and motives are not the only requirements for making human acts and choices morally good. The council fathers said: "Objective criteria must be used; criteria drawn from the nature of the human person and human action; criteria which respect the total meaning of mutual selfgiving and human procreation in the context of true love."

'To ,vhat purpose shall we do biology?'

By Carol HeUer Andre E. Hellegers, M.D., was the founder and director of the Joseph and Rose Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown iversity. He was 53 when he die May 8, 1979, in the Netherland. Hi living m.emorials are the Ke edy Institute and his en...duting impact on the growing field of bioethics. The institute grew out of Hellegers' dream of a place where scholars could investigate the By Janaan Manternach relationship of medicine and It was the Sabbath. Jesus and ethics. his first disciples - Peter, AnIn the early 1970s, while the drew, James and John - went institute was in its infancy, he to the synagogue at Carpernaum for services. Jesus was asked to say a few words and he taught about God in words that left the congregation amazed at his wisdom. After the services Peter invited Jesus and the others home. This may have been the first time Jesus visited 'Peter's home. He had just called Peter, Q.is brother Andrew, James and his brother John, to follow him as . disciples. The men entered the house expecting to find Peter's motherin-law busy about the house. But they did not see her. Turn to Page Thirteen

For children

cedure. . The church, however, teaches that artificial insemination is not a morally good way to engender new human life. First, artificial insemination from a donor who is not the husband, violates the marriage covenant. When a man and a woman marry they give to each other, exclusively, their power of generating human life. Sharing this power with a third party strikes against the marital covenant. Second, artificial insemination takes the act of generating human life outside the intimacy of spousal love. This fails to show proper reverence for human life in its generation. Third, the .donor's act is irresponsible. He gives life to a new

delighted in the many debates concerning the new term "bioethics" - its spelling, its definition and the context in which the term could be used. A't the time of his death, Hellegers was in the Netherlands to lecture on one of his favorite topics, health care and its future. He was concerned about the long-term direction of biomedicine in a world where population changes have brought into question the basic suppositions on which medicine has been based. He was espec:ially interested in North America and Western Europe where population growth has slowed down so greatly and

where the elderly compose an increasing proportion of the population. "Our problems are increasingly ethical and less and less technical," he said. "I would simply ask that when we use words such as medicine, health or disease, we ask ourselves what we mean by them. For the key bioethical question is: To what purpose shall we do biology?" Largely through HeIIe!;cls' efforts, the Encyclopedia of Bioethics, the annual Biblk.,::'aphy of Bioethics and an information retrieval system were initiated. He supported these in order to Turn to Page Thirteen

know your faith


A Verd.ade E A Vida Dirigida pelo Rev. Edmond Rego

o Deus De Misc!ricordia (Anti.go Testamento) Em linguagem corrente, "misericordia" equiv':ile a compaixao e perdao. A Biblia, ao falar de Deus, acrescenta alem disso a faceta da fidelidade: Deus compadec'e-Se e perdoa sempre ao Seu filho, 0 homem, p~~que tern urn cora~ao de Pai, e, alem disso, pela palavra que empenhou ao homem e a qual e eternamente fiel. Mas a misericordia, em Deus, leva consigo as seguintes ressonancias ou matizes: Socorro ao necessitado. Toda a miseria humana parece repercutir automaticamente em Deus e provoca como reac~ao a Sua. misericordia infinita. Em qualquer a.puro em que 0 homem se encontrar, e clamar ao ceu, este responera sempre! de identica maneirai sobretudo se quem grita e 0 "pobre", o orfao ou a viuva: os eternos preferidos de DE!US. Mas Deus tern uma ternura especial para com aquele povo que fez "Seu~ na Alian9a. Salva9ao do pecador. Ha miserias no homern que sao certarnente voluntarias pela sua parte: ele as e~colhe livrernente, como, por exemplo, 0 pecado. Como responde Deus a esta atitude? Aqui, acima de tudo, brilhara a compaixao do Senhor, desde que 0 homem nao se feche, se endure~a e rejeite positivamente 0 perdao que Deus lhe continua]:,a a oferecer eternarnente. Mesrno quando 0 povo apostatar de Deus como 0 fez Israel diante do bezerro, a compaixao de Deus impoe-se a qualquer outro a-tributo divino, e perdoa. Misericc5rdia e castigo. Deus nem sempre deixa sem castigo 0 homem pecador e 0 P0'ITO infiel. Mas so casti. ga para repr,eender e curar, jamais para Se vingar. Quando 0 Senhor anuncia castigos ao povo pela prevarica~ao, 0 Seu cora9ao, como 0 de qualquer pai, "revolve-se dentro de Si, as Sua entranhas comovem"'15e". Unicamente perante os impios e vingativos responde Deus com a Sua vingan9a. Misericordia e conversao. A Palavra de Deus e 0 Seu procedimento constante com 0 homem pecador sao sempre urn chamamentd arnoroso e conversao. Nenhum outro firn tern as amea9 as J-nern sequer os castigos que de vez ern quando envia ao Seu povo. Ele nao quer a morte do pecador, mas que se converta e que viva. Deus nao guarda rancor et:erno. Misericordia universal e eterna. A B!blia pode dar uma primeira impressao de que Deus so e born com 0 Seu povo, mas que odeia e trata sem piedade os c)utros homens, como se estes nao fossem tambem Seus filhos. Todavia, nao e assim. A cada hornem e a cada povo Deus oferece 0 Seu arnor no contexto do seu proprio itinerario espiritual: Ern toda a na9ao, quem teme a Deus e pratica a justi~a e-Ihe aCEd te . Sao varios os degraus pelos quais Deus vai fazendo ascender 0 Seu povo atE; a mensagem de amor universal de JE~SUS.

Mark the Evangelist Continued from page twelve would understand. Their reaction is given in Mark 8:27-33. Confronted with the direct question: "And you, who do you say that I am?," Peter blurts out: "You are the Messiah!" This passage serves as a sort of hinge joining the two parts of the Gospel. The second part is also subdivided into three sections, each marked off by a prediction of the Passion. The first prediction follows immedi_ ately upon Peter's apparent breakthrough and reveals that it was not a breakthrough at all. Peter did not really understand what he was saying. A man of his own culture, he shared the popular ideas of what the Messiah should be, ideas diametrically opposed to those of Jesus. At the mention of impending suffering and death, Peter "took him aside and began to remonstrate with him. At this Jesus reprimanded Peter: "Get out of my sight, you satan! You are not judging by God's standards but by man's!" (Mark 8:32-33). Jesus then summoned the disciples and the crowd and said: "If a man wishes to come after me, he must deny his very self, take up his cross; and follow in my steps." (Mark 8.34). Each prediction of approaching disaster is followed by the disciples' failure to understand and an instruction by Jesus' messiantic mission, but with the ~ost

For children Continued from page twelve Peter called out and his mother-in-law answered from her room. Her voice sounded weak. Peter and Andrew rushed to her room and found her very ill in bed. They told Jesus and begged him to help her. For a moment Jesus stood beside the bed in silent prayer. Then he smiled at the sick woman, took her by the hand and lifted her up. She stood up and felt her head. Her fever was gone. She felt strong again. She was very thankful to Jesus and she felt the best way to thank him was to prepare the Sabbath meal for him and the others. They all enjoyed the food and conversation. Jesus felt at home in the house of Peter and Andrew and he liked Peter's mother-in-law. Later in the evening they heard noises in the street outside the house. Peter looked out and was amazed. It seemed as if the whole city had come to see Jesus. Relatives and friends brought many sick people and placed them in front of the crowd. They hoped Jesus would heal them. Jesus was moved by compassion for those suffering people. He went out and walked among the crowd. He spoke kindly to everyone, reaching down and touching each. Many people were completely cured that evening. Peter and Andrew, James and John were happy they had decided to become Jesus' followers. Peter's mother-in-law was also happy she had met Jesus.

of discipleship. This involves a courageous acceptance of the paradox of the Cross and a willingness to live according to standards not accepted by contemporary society. It was difficult for the first disciples and it is still difficult today. The world offers all sorts of solutions for life's many problems, including the agonizing one of childlessness. These solutions seem perfectly reasonable and licit. Then we are told that some, such as artificial insemination, are in fact illicit. Sometimes we can understand the reasons for such a stand, but sometimes we cannot. At such times . the cost of discipleship becomes especially heavy.

THE ANCHORThurs., July 3, 1980

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Parenthood Continued from page twelve serious problems remain with the unifying meaning of the conjugal act. (In the in vitro procedure there is the added concern that some human embyros will be rejected in the laboratory and destroyed.) Children have been born outside wedlock throughout history. Often women are forced to raise children without fathers because of death or divorce. Granted, this does happen. But an important question remains: Should society approve the deliberate and premeditated choice of single parenthood by means of technology such as that of artificial insemination? Should not physicians and other health-care personnel be prevented by law from using technology to impregnate unmarried women or from providing in vitro fertilization. for unmarried couples? If the state is concerned to protect life, perhaps civil law ought to be equally concerned to protect marriage. Confusion abounds among sincere people on these issues. Yet Catholic Christians should have less reason for confusion. The church has historically shown reverence for marriage and parenthood. Because of this, she is opposed to non-marital procreation and to taking procreation, even by married couples, outside the intimacy of conjugal love.

Biology Continued from Page Twelve provide ."the right facts" for scholars and health-care professionals in their efforts to investigate the ethical and legal aspects of critical issues. Hellegers was a specialist in obstetrics and gynecology. His interests focused on the biochemical causes of mental retardation, other pre-blrth deformities and the intricate, delibalance between mothers and their unborn infants. When the first "test-tube baby" was born in England, many looked to Hellegers for comment on the physical possibility of such a feat, and its ethical and legal ramifications. He had become a recognized expert on the relationship of medicine and ethics.

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14

THE ANCHORThurs., July 3, 1980

The pope speaks to youth During his recent trip to France, Pope John Paul n spoke at length to French youth on topics of interest to teenagers everywhere. In the coming weeks, The Anchor will present excerpts from his ta1ks.

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Young people, lift up your eyes often to Jesus Christ. He is the man who loved the most and who loved with such determination, who loved the most consciously and the most freely. It seems to me that Christ is whispering to each one of you: "Give me your heart. I shaIl purify it. I shaIl strengthen it. I shaIl orientate it toward all those who have need of it." For your own families, your own schools or university groups, your own social environment, the iIIloved, the foreigners, for those who all over the world are deprived of that which is necessary for life and development, even to the least among them, life demands sharing. Young people of France, more than ever this is the time to work hand in hand for a civilization of love. What a gigantic job! What a thriIIing task! Speaking of heart and love, I have one more confidence for you. I strongly believe that many of you are able to risk the total gift of yourselves to Christ. and your brothers with all your capacity of love. I am sure you understand that I mean the vocation to the priesthood and to the religious life. Your potential answer to this appeal is in keeping with the question put to Peter by Jesus: "Do you love me?" I. have spoken of the values of the body, of those of the mind and the heart. But at the same time I hinted at another essential dimension without which man becomes a pri~oner of himself or even of others: It is essentiaIly that of his openesss to God. When Christ releases and exalts mankind, he introduces him into the aIIiance with God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Here is the true openness to God for which every heart is longing even without knowing it, and which Christ offers to believers, God as a person. Such is my faith, such has been the faith of the church since its beginning. It is the only faith based on witness of the apostles. The only one that has faced up to hesitations. The only one that can save man. Some, no doubt, hesitate to adhere completely to this faith. Some say that they are in quest of the matter. Others consider themselves unbelievers. Others refuse this God whose image has been badly J?resented to them. FinaIly, others are perhaps tempted to build a humanism without God.

OCUI on youth

Parent, youth problems surface By Cecilia Belanger I recently attended two Year of the Family meetings, one on problems parents face, the other on the problems of youth with those parents. There is a difference. At the parents' meeting one mother and father said that they were all talked out and didn't know what to do - that they had tried everything, but stiII had two rebeIIious children. A mother said she was tired of looking at films and reading "How To" books: "Real life is different, it isn't like what's written in a book." A father shared his joy at finaIly reaching his son through religion. "Not that he goes to church on Sunday," he said, "but 路in my own way I tried to bring Christ to him. I prayed a lot and it worked." All the parents agreed they'd been too judgmental at times and not always available when their children needed them. "One of my worst habits is criticizing my daughter's friends," admitted one. mother.

"I judge them on their appearance only and I know I shouldn't. Perhaps it's because my mother was so fussy about the way I looked growing up. But I'm trying to get over this, although I'm not saying that I wiII overlook bad companions." Another couple said that they feared over-disciplining, breaking the spirit of their children. Parents also agreed that their own roles in the home are insufficiently defined. Too often a mother spends all her time with the children and the father is off at evening meetings. One father said his son asked "Is that meeting you go to more important than I am?" A mother commented that her daughter had complained that there was too much talk about sex, to the point where the "teaching" was worse than the problem. . "I never thought I'd talk this freely," summed up one parent, "but I feel we're friends, people who are trying to help one another, not .judge." I was impressed by the love and concern these parents dem-

By Charlie Martin

DON'T FALL IN LOVE WITH A DREAMER Just look at you, sitting there Never looked better than tonight It could be so easy to tell you that I would stay Like I've done so many times I was so sure this would be the night You would close the door and want to stay with me It could be so easy to telI you that I would stay Like I've done so many times . Don't fall in love with a dreamer Cause he'll always take you in Just when you think you've really changed him He'lI leave you again Don't fall in love with a dreamer Cause he'lI break you every time I'll put out a line Just hold on Now it's morning and the phone rings And you say that you got to get your things together You just got to leave before you change your mind And if you knew what I was thinking girl I'd tum around If you would just ask me one more time Written by K. Carnes, D. Ellingson, sung by Kenny Rogers and Kim Carnes, (e) 1980 by AImo Music Corp., Appian Music Co. and Quixotic Musie

onstrated for their children, despite the fact that they admitted to a lot of fighting and threatening in homes and said that they often felt out of control. "And parents out of control can hurt someone," one warned. Youth Meeting The youth were talking a mile a minute, excited, interested and eager for discussion. Don: I love my parents. Even though they were born in times dissimilar to ours, their standards are right. But they worry too much about jobs, money and things like that. AIl this talk about "the old depression" gets to me. We stop living today because of what happened at another time. I don't get it. Mike: I don't intend to ge married until I'm pretty sure I'm on the road to maturity. My parents werE! too young when they got m&rried.. We had to depend on my grandparents for almost everything. A guy should respect a girl also. I don't respect a guy who takes advantage of a girl or vice versa. Larry: I have problems with relatives. Ours practicaIly live

at our house, always interfering in our lives. I have a single aunt and uncle who drive me crazy. Why don't they get married instead of trying to tell my parents how to bring me up? I want my parents to be my parents, not my aunt and uncle. Sheila: My big problem is school. I don't. want to go to college, yet my parents want me to go and are willing to pay all the way. Don't misunderstand me. I appreciate it and love them for it, but I don't want to go. I want a year off and then if I still feel the same I'll level with them. I may change my mind but I'm not ready for college nor interested in college. I just feel I've had enough pounding the books. Pam: My mother isn't well. She can't do many things. I feel guilty whenever I go out knowing that I could just as easily spend time with her. I don't need to go out as much as I do, but it's a habit. My problem is myself. I think I'm too selfish. It's something I've got to work on. Melanie: I'm spending less money these days. Let the record companies make their money off somebody else. I was reading that teenagers are among the biggest spenders and I decided that I'm going to spend wisely from now on. I'm an' awful one for throwing my money' around. Maybe it comes too easy for me. Jim: I save. I have to. That's one of the reasons I have to choose my companions carefully. I pick the savers like me, otherwise I'd be called a cheapskate. Elly: We fight a lot in our house. Even my three-year-old brother gets into it. We just can't keep it down once somebody gets started. What do we fight about? Who can remember? Over some small thing, then everybody gets into the act. We're none of us really mature. Sometimes parents are less mature than their children. Not that I don't love mine but I wish we spent more time loving one another ir.stead of fighting.

THIS IS a story of two people in love who are路 unable to make a commitment to each other. The story suggests that the situation could change, but insufficient communication between the two people diminishes the sharing of their fe,~lings. Consequently they reacl'~ no new level of commitment. Both people in the song seem PIERRE JEAN Dufour, to want more permanence in their relationship. "If you knew son of Mr. and Mrs. Donald what I was thinking girl, I'd J. B. Dufour of New Bedturn around." But it is a poor ford, will enter M?T in Sepassumption to think we can tember as a computer sciread each others minds! Unless ence major. He graduated we are willing to take the risk of sharing doubts, fears, ques- last month with highest hontions and even confusion, no ors from Bishop Stang High lasting bond can be formed with- School, North Dartmouth. in a relationship. There are many ways to hide our feelings from others, including the "need to move on" as expressed in the song. What is needed is honesty. We cannot , play games with ourselves or others and ex;?ect to form lasting relationships that grow. We do not need to change others as thEl song mentions. Rather, respect for each other's needs can lead to dialogue that gives life to a relationship. I hope there is a bit of dreamer in each of us, for dreams expand our vision and help us reach out to others. There is nothing wrong with "falling in love with a drl~amer" as long as both individuals try to share their needs and dreams.


THE ANCHORThurs., July 3, 1980

15

New Creation "All things have become light, never again to set, and the setting has believed in the rising. This is the new creation." St. Clement

BIRTHRIGHT

Spartc:ms On All Star Yearn Lindsey Ketchel and Susan Feitelberg of Bishop Stang High School have been named to the New ,Bedford Standard-Times allstar track team along with the Spartanette 4x440 relay team of Kathey Malloy, Kathy Caswell, Ellen Vera and Chris Arthur. Miss Ketchel holds the school record of 112 feet 5J~ inches in the discus throw. A fourthplace finisher in Class C she was named most valuable field performer at the school's awards dinner. ' Undefeated in the two-mile and 3,000 meter events in dual meets,

Miss Feitelberg set a school and meet record in placing first in the Falmouth Invitational Meet. Her best showings are 12:05 'in the two-mile, 11 :15:4 in the 3,000 meters. In the 4x400 (1,600 meters) the Spartanette relay team set a school record of 4:15.2. Miss Vera, considered the best performer in track in the school's history, holds six individual school records, shares eight others in school relay marks, and has been the school's most valuable player in track for three straight years.

New [)irector at Apponequet Peter Looney has taken over the duties of athletic c:irector at Apponequet Regional High School in Lakeville, E.ucceeding Joseph Kobak. Paul Donegan received the Roy Caliri Award as the school's outstanding male athletl~ of the year, and Jean Win'berg was named senior girl athlete of the year. Scott Garvey was presented the Larry Pelletier Memorial Award and Mark Roberts and Chris Smith shared the Paul M. Kleiner Memorial Award. Most valuable player awards went to Jeff Nanfeld, football; John Sharland, most valuable lineman; Doug Broadbent, cross country; Dan Hopkins, boys' swimming; Scott Garvey, baseball; Mike Brown, boys' tennis; Paul Wesgate, track; Paul Aitken, golf. Most improved award went to John Audet, football; Mike Rousseau, cross country; David Toal,

swimming; Lance Livesey, baseball; Kevin Brown, tennis; Mark Roberts, track; Scott Holmes, golf. Most valuable players in girls sports are Jean Winberg, field hockey and basketball; Winberg and Lisa Hampston, softball. Winners of most improved awards are Sandra Grace, field hockey; Robin Alexander, basketball; Mary Jane Trainer, softball. Melissa Lawrence and Kathy Kalchthalter were MVPs in swimming and tennis, respectively, while Sheryl Vesey was most improved in swimming and Amy Zuber took similar honors in tennis. The entire basketball team received most valuable player awards and Scott Brady was the recipient of the Coaches' Award. In cheerleading, Linda Carroll was named most spirited and Vicki Sylvia most improved.

CYIO Golf and Baseball Golfers are reminded that the 21st CYO Diocesan Gulf Tourney will begin at 1 p.m. Monday, July 28, at the Pocasset Golf Course, Pocasset, and that they should contact CYO area directors now to ascertain dates for qualifying rounds in their respective areas. High point of the annual event is the presentation of the Marty Higgins Trophy to' the! outstanding golfer of the tourney. The Bristol County eyO Baseball League resumes play Sunday night with 6 p.m. twin bill North vs. Kennedy, South vs. Maplewood - at Chew Field in Fall River. Monday night's twin offering, also at Chew Field, has Central vs. Somerset, Kennedy vs. South. Wednesday night it will be Maplewood vs. Kenn,~dy, South vs. Central while on Thursday Somerset takes on South, North goes a~ainst Mapl,~wood. A single game at 6 p.m. Wednesday at Hanson Memorial Field at Somerset High School pits North vs. Somerset.

Six p.m. Saturday is the deadline for pre-entry in the first annual Mt. Carmel Festival Road Race to be held at 6:30 p.m., Saturday, July 12, from the Mt. Carmel Church rectory grounds in Seekonk. The event is sponsored by the Mt. Carmel Festival Committee and further information is available from Frank Mooney, race director, 60 Cynthia Road, Seekonk, Mass., 02771, to whom entries should be mailed. Chris McDonald, the 19-yearold Tiverton youth who boxes out of the Fall River CYO, has been impressive in recent appearances in national boxing tournaments. A finalist in the heavyweight division in the National AAU tournament in Louisiana a few weeks ago and also a finalist in the recent Olympic trials in Colorado, Chris has demonstrated his ability in the squared ring and has gained national recognition. He is a credit to himself and his trainer, Ron Comeau, boxing director at the Fall River CYO.

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tv, movie news Symbols following film reviews indicate both general and Catholic Film Office ratings, which do not always coincide. General ratings: G-suitable for gen· eral viewing; PG-parental guidance sug· gested; R-restricted, unsuitable for children or younger teens. Catholic ratings: Al-approved for children and adults; A2-approved for adults and adolescents; AJ--:.approved for adults only; B-objectionable in part for everyone; A4-separate classification (given to films not morally offensive Which, however, require some analysis and explanation); ~ondemned.

New Films

"The Big Red One" (United Artists): This routine war film attempts to convey the message that war is a brutal, futile business. It is a terious picture, however, which fails to evoke any empathy with the principals, four young soldiers and their grizzled sergeant (Lee Marvin). Vulgarities and much violence make it mature viewing fare. PG, A3 "Blues Brothers" (Universal): Two singers (John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd playing the characters they created on "Saturday Night Live") try to raise money for an orphanage by recruiting some topnotch black talent for a benefit. The plot seems little more than an excuse for some wholesale destruction and frenzied chases far more boring than funny. The rough language and the nature of some 'Of the jokes make it adult fare. PG, A3

"Don't Go in the House" (Film Ventures): A little boy whose mama burns him as punishment for being naughty grows up wanting to set on fire everybody who reminds him of mama. Grisly trash that exploits nudity an dviolence. Rating C "Rough Cut" (Paramount): Burt Reynolds plays a jewel thief and David Niven is a Scotland Yard inspector who per-

suades high society kleptomaniac Lesley Ann Down to set Reynolds up for an arrest. An attempt to combine a heist movie with a suave comedy, "Rough Cut," fails on both counts. Sexual references and general amorality rule this out for younger viewers. PG, A3 "Up the Academy" (Warners): A vulgar sophomoric romp sired by "Animal House:' this unappetizing movie has to do with military cadets getting revenge on a martinet commandant by sexual entrapment. R,B "Wholly Moses" (Columbia): Dudley Moore plays Moses' brother-in-law who mistakenly believes that he is 'the one entrusted with a mission from God in this tiresome attempt at satirical comedy. An occasional joke and incidental irreverence - the whole thing is too lightweight to take seriously make this adult fare. PG, A3

Against cut WASHINGTON (NC) - An official of the U.S. Catholic Conference has expressed "dismay" at the Carter administration's proposal to eliminate the recently established federal Office on Families. In a telegram to James T. McIntyre Jr., director of the Office of Management and Budget, Msgr. Francis J. Lally, USCC secretary for social development and world peace, urged that families office funding be retained. Administration efforts to reduce expenditures to combat inflation led to the proposal to drop the office. Msgr. Lally noted that the office would implement the recommendations of "the crucial 1980 White House Conference on Families" and that its budget is small.

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THE ANCHORThurs., July 3, 1980

[Jteerlng pOlnu

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PUBLICITY CHAIRMEN Ire asked to submit news Items for this

column to The Anchor, P. O. Box 7, Fall River, 02722. Name of city or town should ba Included as well as fUll dates of all ,ctlvitles. Please send news of future rather than past events. Note: We do not carry news of fundraising activities such 8S bingos, whlsts, dances, suppers and bazaars. We are happy to carry notices of spiritual programs, club maetlngs,.youth projects and similar nonprofit activIties. Fundralslng proJects may be advertised at our regular rates obtainable from Tha Anchor business Office, telephone 675·7151.

ST. ANNE, FAIL RIVER

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Services at the shrine at 5:10 and 7:30 p.m. will honor St. Jude. Deceased servicemen will be memorialized at a special 10 a.m. Fourth of July Mass. The Blessed Sacrament will be exposed following 11:30 a.m. Mass, also tomorrow, and an hour of adoration wil ltake place from 2 to 3 p.m. in the shrine. The annual novena in honor of Good Saint Anne will take place from July 17 through 25 at the shrine, with devotions at 3 and 7:30 p.m. Rev. John R. FoIster, pastor, will be the novena preacher. FIVF; HOUR VIGIL, FALL RIVER DIOCESE A five-hour vigil held monthly in churches of the diocese will take place from 8 p.m. to 1 a.m. tomorrow at Espirito Santo Church, Fall River. The service will begin and end with Mass, a holy hour will be conducted and the rosary will be recited. There will be a 10 p.m. coffee break. AIl are invited to participate. DIVORCED SUPPORT GROUP, FALL RIVER The Fall River area ministry to divorced, separated or remarried Catholics will meet at 7 p.m. Tuesday at Our Lady of Fatima Hall, 530 Gardner's Neck Road, Swansea. Father Jay Maddock, marriage tribunal secretary, will speak on the work of the tribunal and the process of annulment. All are welcome. SS. PETER AND PAUL, FAIL RIVER A'n appreCiation dinner-dance for parish festival workers will be held at 8 p.m. Saturday, July 12 in Father Coady Center. The Retirees' Club meeting at 1:30 Tuesday afternoon will be preceded by a 1 p.m. luncheon.

KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS, FALL RIVER

Armand Cousineau has been named Knight of the Year by Council 86. Lucien Roy received the Christopher Award and the Grand Knight's Award went to Ray Cousineau at ceremonies held at the council home. New council officers are Paul E. Duddy, grand knight; Richard Duddy, deputy grand knight; Albert 'Pinsonnault, treasurer; John Trainor, recorder. Father Maurice Jeffrey is chaplain.

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PEOPLE'S THEATRE, FALL RIVER' Auditions will be held at St. Elizabeth's Hall,-. Tucker St., Fall River, at 7 p.m. Sunday, Monday and next Wednesday for a fall production of "Nautical Non.oCents." Singers, dancers and musicians are needed.

PEDRO ANTONIO CARVALHO~ 100, of the Cape Verde Islands is introduced to Cardinal Humberto Medeiros of Boston by Capuchin Father Antonio Gerbaz, right, at St. Patrick's Church, Boston} after the centenarian was confirmed by the cardinal. (NC Photo)

Priests' attire study topic VATICAN CITY (NC) - A new document that will insist that priests wear distinctive dress is being prepared by the Vatican's Congregation for the Clergy, according to church sources. Cardinal Silvio Oddi, who succeeded U.S. Cardinal John Wright as prefect of the congregation, has been working on the document for some time, the sources say. But they said the document would not order priests to begin wearing cassocks as their normal street wear. Acording to a well-informed Vatican source, the document will cover many areas of priestly life and ministry and will be worded broadly enough to cover diverse cultures and situations. "For example, you obviously can't order priests to wear black suits or cassocks in Africa," he said.

Church racism is scored By Jo-ann Price

NEW YORK (NC) - Auxiliary Bishop Joseph 1\. Francis of Newark, N.J., said in a lecture series in Brooklyn that few American institutions have done less to combat internal racism than the Catholic Church. The 56-year-old prelate was chairman of the bishops' committee which drafted "Brothers and Sisters to Us," a pastoral on racism issued last November.

CURSILLO ULTREYA, CENrERVILLE Ultreya members will hold a beach party at the home of Jack Pendergast at noon, Sunday, July 13.. New steering committee members are Keith Sacht, Barbara Simone and Paula Connelly. Paul Joyce will edit the ultreya newsletter. ST. RITA, MARION Continuing a Week of Prayer with Mary, tonight's service, beginning at 7:30, will center on Our Lady of Fatima. Tomorrow the program will conclude with a Mass and homily honoring Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception. ST. MARY, SEEKONK CCD teachers are needed for afternoon and Saturday morning classes beginning in the fall. Those interested may contact Mrs. Hayes, 399-7534. BISHOP'S CHARITY BALL, FALL RIVER DIOCESE A planning meeting for the annual Bishop's Charity Ball, scheduled next year for Jan. 9, will be held at 1:30 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 28 at White's restaurant. BLESSED SACRAMENT, FALL RIVER Life in the Spirit seminars will start Friday, July 11 under sponsorship of the Bread of Life Communi!y.

Prolonged applause greeted his talk. "There is institutional racism in the Catholic Church in 1980," he said. "It is well and alive and very few institutions in our country have done less to combat racism, given its mission to witness to Christ's presence among us. "Men and women who exercise leadership in a multitudinous variety of institutions have been and continue to be products of exclusively white institutions." "I would like to see just one community of Religious, just one seminary, just one Catholic organization, just one hospital, take out an ad committing itself to eradicating racism. within its own institution and then demonstrate this."

Pope Continued from page three gave a similar broad response of principle without citir.;g specifics. "Render unto Caesar what is Caesar's and unto God what is God's" he said, quoting the scriptural saying of Jesus. Before leaving Rome, the pope had given a "state of the church" address, believed the longest of his pontificate, to cardinals, Curia officials and church employees. He reviewed his past 12 months in office, tcuching on ecumenism, collegiality, the duties of theologians, the liturgy and the importance of family life. He also offered a lengthy rationale for his heavy travel schedule. Mexico, Poland, Ireland, the United States, TurkEY, Africa, France and next Brazil: In these meetings of souls, even in the vastness of the crowds, one recognizes the charism of the daily ministry of Peter on the roads of the world," he said. "This, and only this, is the goal of the pilgrim pope, even if some would attribute other motives to him," he added.

Bishop Francis said that there are about a million black Catholics and five black bishops in the American Catholic Church. Three of the bishops and some 20 black priests in the United States come from about a 25mile area around his bix:thplace of Lafayette, La., he said. "The Spanish and French saw to it that their slaves were baptized. "When I get <calls from other bishops asking me where they can get black priests, I want to ask them where they were when I could not get into their seminaries 25 years ago," he said. The bishop defined institutional racism as often "condemning obvious racism while at the same time it denies its own racism and enters litigation to prove otherwise. "Is it any 'Wonder Catholic institutions in many parts of the country are still under the gun for non-compliance (with federal guidelines) in racial matters?" Bishop Franc:is singled out "the good people in this world" who maintain they are not racists and yet give respectability to institutional .racism and marginalizing blacks. He said blacks are pushed asidEl or exploited by local unions, merchants, educators and are stel"eotyped on television.

THANKSGIVING Novena To St. Jude o Hol~ St.. Jude, Apos.t/e, and Martyr,

great In virtue and rIch in miracles !ltlar kinsman of Jesus Christ, faithfui mtercessor of all who invoke your special patronage in time of need, to you I have recourse from the depth of my heart and tumbly beg to whom God has given such great power to come to my assistance. Help me in my present and urgent petition. In return, I promise to make your name known, and cause you to be invoked. Say three Our Fathers, three Hail Marys and G1orias. Publication must be promised. St. Jude pray for us all who invoke your ,lid, Amen. This No· vena has never been known to fail. PubliGation promised. A reader. (Advt.l M.T.

THANKSGIVING Novena To St. Jude

o

Holy St. Jude, Apostle, and Martyr, great in virtue and rich in miracles near kinsman of Jesus Christ, faithfui intercessor of all who invoke your special patronage in time of need, to you I have recourse from the depth of my heart and humbly beg to whom God has given such great power to come to my assistance. Help me in my present and urgent petition. In return, I promise to make your name known, and cause you to be invoked. Say three Our Fathers, three Hail Marys and Glorias. Publication must be promised. S1. Jude pray for us all who invoke your aid, Amen. This Novena has never been known to fail. I have had my request granted. Publi· cation promised. A reader. (AdvtJ M.P.

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