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VOL. 31, NO. 11

Friday, March 13, 1987

FALL RIVER, MASS.

Southeastern Massachusetts' Largest Weekly.

58 Per Year

Vatican paper examines • • procreatIon practIces •

VATICAN CITY (NC) - A new Vatican document on procreation rejects as morally illicit in vitro fertilization, surrogate motherhood, and experiments with human embryos "not directly therapeutic." Issued by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the 40page document urges civil authorities to prohibit such practices as contrary to individual rights, family welfare and the institution of marriage. It also criticizes some forms of prenatal diagnosis, embryo freezing and reproductive cell donations. However, the document, "Instruction on Respect for Human Life in its Origin and on the Dignity of Procreation: Replies to Certain Questions of the Day," says techniques meant to "facilitate" the conjugal act are acceptable. The document draws from previous church teachings on marriage and the church's traditional defense of human life from conception. It urges theologians to help Catholics understand those teachings. Dated Feb. 22 and released by the Vatican March 10, the document was signed by the congregation's prefect, CardinalJoseph Ratzinger, and its secretary, Archbishop Alberto Bovone. The long-expected statement rejects any form of in vitro fertilization (conception oflife in the laboratory), even when the technique is used by a married couple. In addition the document criticizes:

- Prenatal diagnosis in which the discovery o( fetal defects may lead to abortion.· - Embryo experimentation "not directly therapeutic." - Production of"spare" embryos for experimentation or commercial use. - Freezing of embryos. - Preselection of sex or other characteristics. - Use of outside sperm or egg . donors. . - Surrogate motherhood. Underlying the entire document were two principles: - "The inviolability ofthe iimocent human being's right to life from the moment of conception until death." - The "special character" of the transmission of human life through sexual intercourse between married partners. "The human being is to be respected and treated as a person from the moment of conception," the document says. "·His rights as a person must be recognized" particularly "the inviolable right of every innocent human being to life." . PrenataL diagnosis is moral1y licit if it aims at "safeguarding or healing" and subjects neither the mother nor the embryo to "disproportionate risks," it says. Experimentation on an embryo or any interventions not "directed toward its healing, improvement" or survival are also rejected. . "If the embryos are living, whether viable or not, they must be respected just like any other human

person," the document says. "Experimentation on embryos which is not directly therapeutic is illicit." Freezing embryos is condemned because of the "grave risks of death or harm" and because even the temporary loss "of maternal shelter and gestation" exposes embryos to possible "further offenses and manipulation." Also judged "contrary to the human dignity proper to the embryo" and its right to be "conceived and to be born within marriage and from marriage" are scientific experiments involving crossfertilization of human and animal reproductive cells, gestation of human embryos in animal uteruses or the development of artificial uteruses for human embryos. Efforts "aimed at producing human befngs selected according to sex or other predetermined qualities" are wrong because "every person must be respected for himself," the document says. In examining questions ofhuman procreation, the document says the "unborn child must be the fruit of marriage." Thus all artificial fertilization using either a donated sperm or a donated egg from someone other than one of the spouses is "moral1y illicit." Such practices produce "a· rupture between genetic parenthood, gestational parenthood and responsibility for upbringing," the document says. Artificial fertilization of an unmarried woman .or a widow, "whoTurn to Page Six

Hargreaves photo

GEORGE L. AGOSTINI

Seekonk man lay head of Appeal Bishop Daniel A. Cronin has announced that George L. Agostini ofSt. Mary's parish, Seekonk, will be 1987 lay chairman of the 46th annual diocesan Catholic Charities Appeal. He is the first Seekonk resident to serve in that capacity. Bishop Cronin marks his 17th year as the Appeal's honorary chairman. Agostini is a graduate of St. Raphael's Academy and the former St. Joseph Grammar School, both in Pawtucket, R.I., and has studied at the University of Rhode Island and Bryant Col1ege. The lay chairman is the president of Bacon Construction, Inc., Ocean State Janitorial, Octagon Chemical and the Agostini Realty Company. He belongs to the Blackstone Valley Chamber of Commerce, and St. Joseph's Hospital Bishop's Council, among other organizations. Agostini is married to the former

Mary Joan Perone, a Meals on Wheels volunteer. They have three children; Steven and David are, respectively, graduates of Worcester Polytechnichal Institute and Providence Col1ege and Paula Jean is a student at Babson Col1ege. The Appeal's Special Gifts phase is scheduled for April 20 to May 2; it solicits the support of professional, fraternal,- business and industrial organizations. The Parish Phase wil1 begin between noon and 3 p.m. May 3, when 20,150 volunteer solicitors will visit 115,000 homes in the 114 diocesan parishes. Approximately 340,000 Catholics will be asked to contribute. The parish phase official1y ends May 13. An Appeal kickoff meeting is scheduled for 8 p.m. April 22 at Bishop Connol1y High' School, Fall River. Over 800 clergy, religious and laity are expected to attend.

Laity discuss role Motta photo

THE CHURCH of St. Patrick, one, holy, Catholic and apostolic, is alive and well, as witnessed by St. Patrick's, Fall River, whose striking sign is pictured above. It's one of four Patrician parishes in the diocese, the others being in Falmouth, Somerset and Wareham. All extend a shamrock salute to March 17 revelers.

WASHINGTON (NC) - This fal\'s world· Synod of Bishops is about lay people, and right now it has U.S. Catholic lay people talking all over the country. From Manchester, N.H., to San Bernardino, Calif., questionnaires have been sent out in dioceses and meetings have been held in parishes and deaneries to learn what American Catholics think about the church today and their place in it. In addition, Western and

Midwestern regional consultations with lay delegates from dioceses were held in February, with further consultations scheduled in the South in mid-March and in the East in early May. The diocesan surveys, usual1y based on model questions distributed nationally, asked such questions as: - What is the lay vocation in the world? What problems do you Turn to Page Six


2

The Anchor Friday, Mar. 13, 1987

Bishop Delaney OKs foot-washing rite for women

Rules threaten church care of children NEW YORK (NC) - A courtordered change in New York City's foster care system will almost certainly force the New York archdiocese to halt its Catholic group foster care work this summer and may eventually affect church involvement nationwide, says the archdiocesan director of Catholic Charities. The change, Catholic Charities head Msgr. James J. Murray said in an interview, threatens the ability of any religious agen~y to participate in government programs of social service. Efforts in coming years to bring similar changes across the country will present the U.S. Catholic Church with one of its most serious church-state challenges nationwide, he added. The new rules forbid "excessive religious symbols" in child care institutions under contract with New York City and require such institutions to assure access to abortion and birth control services to those under their care. Cardinal John J. O'Connor of New York wrote Jan. 29 in his archdiocesan newspaper, Catholic New York, that he could not comply with the new rules because they would require the church "to violate our mo'ral principles." Archdiocesan programs, involving about $100 million in city, state and federal funds, cover about 4,000 of the 17,000 children under foster care in New York City. About 60 percent of those cared for under Catholic auspices are in group homes, which are affected by the new rules. The court-ordered foster care changes stemmed from a discrimination suit begun in 1973 by the American Civil Liberties Union. In 1984 the ACLU got the New York City corporation counsel to agree to a "stipulation of settlement" which U.S. District Judge Robert J. Ward approved, along with enforcement mechanisms, last October. Msgr. Murray said the agreed stipulation was unacceptable to the archdiocese on several counts. These, he said, included clauses giving all placement authority to government officials acting on a _ "first come, first served" basis, requiring "meaningful access" to contraception and abortion for all children and ~hibiting "excessive" religious symbols. "But it is .more than just the issues of abortion and contraception," he said. "A major concern is what I believe to be the ultimate goal of the ACLU, and that is the secularization of human services to whatever extent they possibly can, using the judicial system and negotiating with the executive br~nch (of local or state governme,rits) throughout the United Suites." . New contracts for the fiscal year beginning July I will include the stipulation requirements. Interviewed March3, Msgr. Murray· said he and Auxiliary·Bishop Joseph T. O'Keefe had met several times with city officials. But he saw "no hope" of resolving the issue, he said.

WASHINGTON (NC) Women can be included in the Catholic Church's Aoly Thursday foot-washing ceremony, says a memo sent to the U.S. bishops in March by the bishops' Committee of Liturgy. The memo was written by the national secretariat of the bishops' committee. It was authorized by Fall River native Bishop Joseph Delaney of Fort Worth, Texas, committee chairman, following review of the issue by the committee.

AT PRESS CONFERENCE opening Bishop Connolly High School's capital development campaign, from left, Father James C. O'Brien, SJ, school principal; Bishop Daniel A. Cronin; and campaign cochairmen Richard L. Lafrance and Msgr. Anthony M. Gomes. (Kearns photo)

Camp~ign to

fund Connolly impr.ovements

Bishop Connolly High School, Fall River, has embarked on a $1,550,000 capital development campaign expected to boost funding of .its financial aid program, augment its art and music courses and expand outdoor athletic facilities. At a press conference at White's restaurant, North Westport, attended by Bishop Daniel A. Cronin and campaign cochairmen Msgr. Anthony M. Gomes and Richard L. Lafrance, Father James C. O'Brien, SJ, Connolly principal, said that some $600,000 of the campaign's target amount has already been pledged by private and corporate donors. A fully-paid donation of over $100.000 came from the Lafrance family, said Father O'Brien. "As a result," ne said, "a bronze plaque will designate Connolly's indoor gym as the R. Aime and Rita

Lafrance Gymnasium, in tribute ilOt only to a good friend of our school, but to a hard-working member of this community whose values have always been the essential ones - his people, his family, his Church; he is somebody we can well encourage our young people to think about as they search for role models." R. Aime Lafrance is the founder of White's restaurant; his son Richard is the present owner-manager. a Connolly parent and chairman of the school's board of regents. The. capital development program will allow for construction of a soccer field and running track, six tennis courts and baseball and softball fields. Work in this area has already begun, said Father O'Brien. with completion sched uled for August. Additionally planned are expan-

The inclusion of both men and women in the rite emphasizes Christ's "humble service" to his followers and "the service that should be given by all the faithful to the church and to the world," the memo said. Last year Bishop Anthony Bevilacqua of Pittsburgh provoked a nationally publicized controversy when he told his priests that only men's feet could be washed. The governing liturgical rule, he said, spoke of those chosen for the rite as "viri," a Latin term which refers only to males.

sion and improvement of school parking facilities. Campaign proceeds will also permit enhancement of Connolly art Before Bishop Bevilacqua's and music programs and increase order, parishes in many parts of the school's ability to provide tui- the country routinely involved tion aid to students. both men and women in the footFather O'Brien recalled that washing ceremony. The ceremony Msgr. Gomes was a cochairman of imitates Christ's washing of his the 1965 building fund drive fot apostles' feet at the Last Supper, Bishop Connolly High School"and as a sign of his love for them and has been a 5Upp.o.qer ev.er s.in~e.:~ .service ;'0, them, .. ;'J . ' , : •• ;.' ,.:-r'; l. Pastor of Our Lady of Angels par~ r., ~.' - "• •\.~ •••• ' ; .... , ,,:,,:!.-o~ " .. ,.~, i. The memoio' the bi'sho'ps said' ish, Fall River, he is also director of the annual Catholic Charities the Vatican is still studying the Appeal and the winter Bishop's question of including women in the rite, along with a number of Ball. . other questions regarding the Holy Bishop Connolly High School is Week liturgy, and it has not yet operated by the Society of Jesus given a definitive answer to inquirand members of the Brothers of ies about the issue. Christian Instruction. Its present enrollment is 692 students and it In the meantime, the "variation" has a faculty of23 religious and 36 in the United States of using both lay persons. men and women "is an understandable way of accentuating the evangelical command . . . that all members of the church must serve one another in love," the memo said. of art history, who expressed The memo included a warning "second thoughts" on the project. against liturgical rites becoming a "I felt there were some real source of division. "The liturgy is issues here and I started calling always an act of ecclesial unity and artists up to get their reactions," Christian charity, of which the Feldman said. The art dealer also Holy Thursday foot-washing rite prompted the artists to write a simis an eminent sign," it said. ilar letter of concern on restoration of Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper at the Santa Maria delle Grazie church in Milan, Italy. Restoration of the 10,345 square feet of Sistine Chapel wall and ceilWASHINGTON (NC) - Sister ing frescos began in 1980 and is Barbara O'Dea, a Daughter of scheduled for completion in 1992. Wisdom who is a liturgist and The main restoration work con- author, has been appointed the National Conference of Catholic sists of removing 500 years of soot, Bishops' delegate to the 44th dust, candle smoke, grease and salt deposits from rain seepage International Eucharistic Congress. in 1989 in Seoul; South Korea. that. have formed on· top of the Sister O'Dea, of East Moriches, frescos. . - N.Y., is a member ofthe task force The art works depict biblical on Christian initiation of adults of' scenes from the Creation to the the NCCB Committee on Liturgy and the author of an NCCBstudy Last Judgn:tent., text as well as a book on the rite of initiation. Just Noise 'International eucharistic con"If I had the gift of being able to speak in other languages without gresses are held everyfotir years to learning them, and could speak in promote spiritual renewal. The every language there is in all of 1989 congress will be the first held heaven and earth, but didn't love in South Korea, where Catholics others, I would only be making are a small minority amohg a predominantly Buddhist population. noise." - I Cor. 13: I

Fresco restoration to continue VATICAN CITY (NC) - The Vatican will continue restoration of Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel frescos, despite an appeal from U.S. artists to halt and evaluate the project, said an official directing the work. The appeal was contained in a letter to Pope John Paul II expressing concern that the· restoration may be harming the 16th century frescos which. attract millions of tourists a year. "There is no reason now to pause. What we are finding is that the frescos are in good shape," Fabrizio Mancinelli, scientific director of the restoration work, told National Catholic News Service March 9. Mancinelli said there. will be "no answer on our part" to the letter. "We already have made pauses for reflection when needed," he added. Mostex·perts who have examined the restoration "favor our work," he said. "We have received. many letters of support." Mancinelli said Vatican Museums officials have allowed at least 3,000 art experts to examine the restoration and that the policy is to allow access to the work to qual-

ified artists and experts. He said most of the signers of the U. S. letter had not seen the project. The letter asked for a halt in the work to "provide an opportunity to review all the options available for the continued preservation of this master work." Mancinelli said that the restorers have paused several times, once for six months, to reevaluate their work and this always led to a decision to continue. The U.S. artists wrote Pope John Paul March 5 proposing "a pause in the restoration... to allow an analysis of the results obtained so far." The signers included Robert Motherwell, Christo, Jacob Lawrence, Robert Rauschenberg, James Rosenquist, George Segal, Susan Rothenberg and Eric Fischel. The letter was sent through the office of New York Cardinal John O'Connor. Pop artist Andy Warhol had agreed to join the petition just before his Feb. 22 death. The artists' letter was prompted by a New York contemporary art dealer, Ronald Feldman, who said he read an article on the restoration by James Beck, head of the Columbia University department

Delegate named


THE AN~HOR -

Diocese of Fall River -

Fri., Mar. 13, 1987

3

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ALEIXO, MILES, Motta photo

BISHOP Daniel A. Cronin administers ashes to a young woman during the Cathedral Mass.

The great gift of Lent By Joseph Motta

Although Lenten practices have than the condition of our bodies," changed with time, the, bishop he said. h WedAdt a we 'd t h e un d er I' Bishop Cronin urged those MII -atten d edS A sM ' sal, ymg challenge of nes ay ass at. t. . a~y s the season remains the same: to . present to "take full advantage of Cathedral, . Fall Rlv~;~j. prmclp~1 . " refor'm 'our lives illld :believein'the' , what Le'nt'offers," and asked older celebrant Bishop Damel A. Cron,m. Gospel' .. ,.. ,. .. .... ," persons 'to pass on their past , urged those gathered to "put time '. Lenten experiences to young peoNotmg, ~hat t~.e season offers aside to be reconciled with the Lord and with one another." ~ppor~umtl~s to renew our rela- ple, so that the newer generatiolJ could more readily use Lent "to , tlOnshlps With the Lord and turn put their own souls in order." Concelebrants were Very Rev. away from sin,"the bishop remindBarry W. Wall, cathedral reet.or ed his hearers that "ultimately we Beth Ann Viveiros, a member of a~d pastor, cathedral parochial are destined to return to dust. St. Michael's parish, Fall River, vicars Father Thomas F. McGlynn" .. and Gayle Michael of St. Anne's and Father Michael K. McManus The conditIOn of our souls and parish, also Fall River, were two and Father Stephen Dawber, SJ: spiritual lives counts much more of the many young Catholics who , associate principal of Fall River's attended the March 4 Mass. Bishop Connolly High School. Ms. Michael said she attended Msgr. John J. Oliveira, Vicar the celebration "to get ashes and The Mass of Christian Burial for Administration, was master of the blessings that come with was offered Wednesday at Holy ceremonies. them." Ms. Viveiros called Lent "a Family Chapel, North Providence, Transitional deacons were Rev. time for forgiveness." Mr. Edward Healey Jr. and Rev. for Sister Margaret Tierney, FM M, 92, who died March 9. Mr: David Landry. A Fall River native and the daughAltar servers represented Bishop ter ofthe late Henry and Margaret VATICAN CITY(NC)- Pope Connolly High School and the lec(Molia) Tierney, she entered the tor was Sister Celine, OP. John Paul II has asked french Franciscan Missionaries of Mary bishops to protect youths from "Let us pray to keep Lent faithin 1920. She taught for 37 years at elements of the mass media which fully," Bishop Cronin said at the Espirito Santo School, Fall River, "flaunt vices." "They carry mibeginning of Mass. where she later became principal, crobes of death causing youths to During his homily, the bishop serving until 1964, when she was become anemic, indifferent and declared that the Lenten season is assigned to teach Christian docdiscouraged," the pope said "a great gift." trine, first in San Francisco, then recently. He criticized "certain in St. Louis, before returning to comic strips, films and broadcasts Fall RiveI'. ' which flaunt vices, promote vioShe had lived at her communilence, revolt and despair, and ty's North Providence convent since which do not hesitate to ridicule 1985. moral values and sacred signs."

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Bishop Daniel A. Cronin .til. will celebrate the Mass for S1. Patrick's Day at 12:05 p.m. Tuesday at S1. . , . Mary';s Cathedral. The liturgy will be followed by a .til. program of Irish music with Ruth Saltzman on the harp and Donna Heiken on the flute. All wei- . , . come. __

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Celebration of St. Patric.k's Day AT SAINT MARY's CATHEDRAL Mass at 12:05

followed by a concert of Irish music performed by flute and harp.

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4 {[HE ANCHOR -

Diocese of Fall River - Fri., Mar. J3, 1987

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Ireland's Loss - America's Gain Americans of all nationalities celebrate St. ratrick's Day, perhaps just because it's a great time for a break from the winter doldrums. And there's little doubt that it's a commercial success, as are most American enterprises trading on significant-dates and events. Indeed, in this land the wearing of the green is for the most part sentimental and nostalgic'. However, for the Republic of Ireland, the realities are rather dismal and depressing. Once again the age-old Irish problem of immigration is robbing the nation of its youth and its potential. Of all the countries in Europe, Ireland has the highest birthrate, with 50 percent of the population under 25 years of age. At the same time, the nation has the highest rate of unemployment within the Common Market community. Coupled with this, the lack of new industries forces taxation beyond our wildest imagination. All this might seem purely an Irish issue, were it not for its fallout, which has become an American problem, that of immigration, legal or illegal. The main task of the American embassy in Dublin has become that of processing applications for emigration to the United States. Few are granted. The result is that many young Irish are, like so many others, making their way into America via rather unlawful means. It is estimated that in New York City alone, over 50,000 illegal Irish immigrants are gainfully employed. This creates a problem which has the potential of escalating even further. Immigration has seemingly always been an Irish problem. The nation's most important n~tural resource is its people, but the relentless departure of the young and ambitious continuously draws the country's lifeblood, making it almost impossible for it to meet the challenges of today's world. In short, every time poor Erin tries to take a s.tep ahead, it is set back by the ravages of immigration. , And another price is paid. The anguish of leaving one's native land cannot be measured statistically. Perhaps that is why the Irish are so sentimental about their roots. Their only ways of expressing the feelings induced by immigration are perhaps through the brooding words of their poetry and the haunting melodies of their songs of exile. The experience and hurts of immigration are, of course, hard to understand for Americans some generations 'removed from their ethnic roots. Indeed, in the wish to become accepted many have denied their roots and sublimated their feelings. Status seeking and the Yuppie mindset are in many cases only too obvious. Our social order reeks of a malaise induced by the severing of any ties that would make one socially unacceptable. It seems we all want to be clones. In the face of all this, celebration of St. Patrick's Day has a special meaning for all immigrants, no matter their land of .birth. It is a reminder that one's inheritance is a special gift, not , ,to be lost in the rush to assimilate. As we sympathize with all who must flee their native place, we urge those who come to this land to bring with them those traits and characteristics that give them identity as a person or as a member of a distinct people. It is precisely such shared gifts that make America unique in the world family. In this mind, what we are celebrating next Tuesday may be 'Ireland's loss but it is America's gain. The same can be said of every other nation whose people have come to these shores. The Editor

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NC photo

"I heard the voice as if it were of a gentle wind." Job 4:16

By Father Kevin J. Harrington Everyone seems concerned about the alarming rise in pregnancies, abortions and sexually transmitted disease in teenagers but nobody seems to know what to do about it. Although the sexual revolution has claimed our youth as its first casualty, it is hypocritical for adults to treat abuse of sexuality as an adolescent problem. Teenagers have always been inclined to go for too much sex too soon. What is unique about this generation of teenagers is that too ma'ny have been deprived of good parental example. Sex educators must spell out the negative consequences of irresponSible sexual behavior other than unwanted pregnancies or the danger of disease. Even if teenagers manage to avoid both of those, casual sexual encounters can erode their capacity for an eventual meaningful, loving relationship. A doctor cannot prescribe medication unless he or she knows the patient. Similarly, a sex educator cannot impart helpful information unless he knows teenagers. Sex educators should be neither puritanical zealots nor naive humanists. Those looking for a quick fix to this national crisis of teenage pregnancy and disease will take the low road of pragmatism. Rather than challenge the dominant hedonism of our culture so reinforced by the media, some sex educators are content to dispense contraceptives. Educators who encourage self-discipline and chastity are ridiculed as prudes who are out of touch with the real world. Yet I think that we underesti-

mate our teenagers' capacity for idealism. Guided by wise and caring adults, they can set their own standards of sexual conduct based upon their own generous instincts. They need to learn not only why not to engage in casual sexual relations but also how to use their sexuality to express warmth and affection in an unselfish way. They need exposure to the positive qualities of a mature and stable relationship even iftheir immediate experience is less than perfect. Such qualities as warmth, affection, honesty, caring and fidelity are not received as wedding presents but are qualities nurtured through a positive attitude toward one's God-given sexuality. It is, of course, difficult for young people to sacrifice immediate gratification in favor of the hoped-for happiness to be found in a stable marriage, but it becomes somewhat less difficult if they are taught that God wants this sacrifice and that his will is neither arbitrary nor too demanding. The gift of sexuality is meant to make us more loving, not more exploitive of each other. To be asexual would be to be made less in his image. Adults must not persist in treating the epidemic of teenage pregnancies and venereal disease as solely a youth problem, or they will be guilty of taking the mote out of the adolescentS' eyes while leaving the beam in their own. Teenagers are under intense pressure to prove themselves sexually adequate to themselves and their peers. Indeed, sexually inactive high school students are often thought to be homosexuals. Parents must seize the initiative

and be the primary sexual educators by doing their best to live according to the ideals of Christian marriage. Adolescence is a time for discovery and for learning through trial and error. Parents cannot protect youngsters from every trial and tribulation, but they can and should be humble and honest enough to admit that integrating one's sexuality into one's life is a most difficult task and one that requires both one's own best efforts and the help of God. Teenagers need also to be reminded that the fruit of such effort and sacrifice is lifelong and satisfying love.

High post candidate JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (NC) - A detained official of the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference is being considered for the post of general secretary of the South African Council of Churches. South African church sources call the position the most powerful and significant ecumenical post in the country. Father Smangaliso Mkhatshwa, secretary general of the bishops' conference, was one of five candidates named by a South African Council of Churches search committee. The priest has been detained since a state of emergency was imposed by the South African government June 12.

What's in a Name .. As Christians, we believe that Jesus really is what his name means: our savior." Pope John Paul II


THE ANCHOR - Diocese of Fall River - Fri., Mar. 13, 1987

A story for Lent Jesus, one of the great sto- gal didn't run away from home. rytellers of all time, used sto- He asked if he could go.) On with the tale. He lived it up ries to teach lessons to his foland spent all his money right away. lowers but we sometimes fail Again, let's ask, "Is this normal? If to recognize thei.r significance in he were living today, what would our lives today. This week let's he spend it on? Car? Rock confocus on one of Jesus' great sto- certs? Pizza? What else?" ries, the Prodigal Son, and look at Now comes the sad part. He ran how it speaks to us today. out of money, had no place to There was a well-off father with sleep and nothing to eat. What two sons. One was hardworking would you do today if you found and contented but the other had yourself in that situation? Call what we call an itchy foot. He home? Maybe, but wouldn't you couldn't wait to get away from the be a little afraid of what your parfamily and live a little in the out- ents might say? side world. He was, so he got a job but he wasn't prepared for anything be-路 Let's stop here and ask, "Is this a normal feeling for kids? For teens? sides farming so he ended up feedDo any of you occasionally feel ing pigs for a farmer in exchange like you would like to get away. for leftovers to eat and a place to from the rest of us and be on your sleep. And he hated it. One day he thought, "Even the own?" , hired men at home live better than Okay, let's go on. The dad rea- . this. I'm going home and tell Dad lized that some young adults need I'm sorry and ask him for a job. to get away so he gave his son, The world isn't that great a place. I whom we'll call Prodigal, some want to go hom,~ where they care money and his blessing. about me." Time to stop again. Is this a typAnd he did. The happy part of . ical thing parents do? Give their the story is that his dad wasn't mad children money when they go out but so happy to have him back he on their own and hug them and say ran out to hug him and decided to a prayer for them? Probably, be- have a celebration. "My son is cause parents don't like the idea of home," he shouted happily. "Come their kids starving or not having a to a party. Let's celebrate." place to sleep. (Remember, ProdiEveryone was happy except Prod-

On truth and faith As the increa~ingly c<;>ntradrain. This loss of faith leads to a dictory accounts ~'Ioss of hope and event~ally to a arms sales surfaced I believe loss of love. ~eople begm to say, . ' "There's nothmg I can do about concerned AIl)encans asked it" or "I have no control over themselves, "Can you believe anythese events." one anymore?,: . But, as bad as the .news may be, this is not the time for Catholics to Truth and faIth go hand 10 hand. wallow in despair. There is an Being I!ed to, cheated and having facts mIsrepresented are the fastest alternative. :-vays for people to lose thei.r ~aith It means, first of all, taking an 10 others. If the contradlctl?ns active rather than a passive stance. If you feel that truth is accorded grow more n~.mero~s, p~ople Just little honor in society, don't say, may declare,. I can t beh~~e anyone or a~ythl~g anymore.. "Well, it really doesn't make any difference anyway." Don't allow . W,emlght fmd ourselves thmkm~ hke many 16th and I?~h-century the situation to dictate your values. Instead, accept the challenge to phIlosophers of s~ep~lclsm. They a~gued t~at the mmd IS not apt for clarify your own values. Decide dlscovenng the truth. what difference you believe it Among prominent thinkers tomakes. day there is worry Th ese consl'd era t'IOns remlD . d me . . that Western world progress IS ID trou~le. The of a model the American bishops wo~ry IS b.ased on the po.sslble loss adopted in their 1972 pastoral letofflve maJor val~es that 10 the p,ast ter on the family farm. Noting that the family farm is in have carned natIOns thro~gh mass pove~ty, plagues and faJ?me, dev- trouble, the bishops encouraged a.statmg wars, economIc depr~s- parishes and 'dioceses to get into ~Ions and tyranny, namely: bel!ef an active mode on the issue - to I~ the value o~ ~he past; a con.vl~- educate people on the social, eco!lOn. of the noblhty of western'clvll- nomic, cultural, political and enIzatlon; ~cceptance路 of the wort~ of vironmental issues posed' by the economIc. a~d technologIcal decline of the family farm. growth; faIth 10 re~so~ and. sc~oThe bishops recommended edularly knowledge; behef ID the IDtnn. . . h' ff bl th catIOn, tramlDg programs and ecu. . SIC I.mportance, t e me a e wor menical cooperation as' ways of of hfe on earth. creating better leadership and getT??ay one h~s t~ dou.bt the tingat seemingly impossible probnoblhty of a socIety 10 whIch the lems. The bishops also called for noblest gesture is found in telling the truth after one has been caught Insight lying. How much belief in the inef"The spiritual man has insight fable worth of life on earth do those who freely pollute our air into everything, and that bothers and baffles the man of the world, and water have? who can't understand him at all." There are numerous other exam-I Cor. 2:15. ples that 'seem to say we in the ------------Western World are losing it. Anyone who has been cheated, defrauded or lied to knows how GOD'S ANCHOR HOLDS easy it is to give in to the feeling that everything is going down the

'ortne 'rran

W

By

DOLORES CURRAN

igal's brother, Envy. "You never gave me a party," he said sadly to his father. "I was good. I stayed home and worked and he gets the attention." Is this a normal feeling? Do you think you would feel like that? I bet most of us would. But his dad put his arms around him and said, "I never lost you. That doesn't mean I don't love you. I'm happy because both of us have your brother back." And they partied. If you were writing an ending to this story, what would it be? Did Prodigal stay at home? Did Envy learn to forgive and love him again? What was life like after that in the family? The important question: who was the hero in the story? Right. The father. Because he loved and forgave. And Jesus tells us that's what God is like. His story tells us that we might be a Prodigal or an Envy or a little of both but if we have a loving father we'll be okay. Do you believe' this? If you do, how does it make you feel?

By'

FATHER EUGENE HEMRICK

political action groups to monitor and lobby federal legislation that has an impact on the agricultural sector. The overall picture portrayed in the pastoral letter is one of organizing, regrouping, retooling - taking action, getting involved. I believe that it might be good to re-examine this model. A lack of truthfulness threatens Western civilization as well as faith and hope. It seems that the time has come to educate ourselves about the issues, to organize, take up pen and move into constructive action.

March 16 1957, Rev. Francis J. Maloney, .S.T.L., Pastor, St. Mary, North Attleboro '. March 19 1905, Rev. John J. McQuaide, Assistant, St. Mary, Taunton March 20 1851, Rev. Francis A. Mrozinski, Pastor, St. Hedwig, New Bedford 1IIIIIIIlIIlIIllIIlIlIlImUIIUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII. THE ANCHOR (USPS-545-o20), Second Class Postage Paid at Fall River, Mass. Published weekly except the week of July 4 and the week after Christmas at 410 Highland Avenue, Fall River, Mass, 02720 by the Catholic Press of the Diocese of Fall River. Subscripiion price by mail, postpaid $8,00 per year. Postmasters send address changes to The Anchor, P,O, Box 7, Fall River, MA 02722,

Only two official sponsors Q. What is the maximum number of sponsors allowed at an infant's baptism? Our daughter wishes her seven sisters and brothers to share the responsibility, if possible. They are very close. A. You are extremely fortunate that you have such a' family and that they all wish to share so intimately in the new baby's baptism. A couple of thoughts will help answer your question. The church's policies about this are clear. The rite for infant baptism states: "Each child may have a godfather and a ,godmother." The Code of Canon Law is even more explicit: One godfather or one godmother, or one of each may be employed (Canon 873). The reason for the limitation is simply that the church considers the role' of godparent an extremely serious one. The custom formerly prevailed in certain times and places of having numerous baptismal sponsors. The designation was considered primarily an honor; thus .all those (five, 10,20) one wished to honor were invited. Obviously this confuses the responsibility and dignity of the godparent. As we are aware from other situations, when everyone is. responsible, no one is responsible. The ritual for baptism points out, as I have explained several times in this column, that godparents commit themselves to serious obligations in accepting this honor, specifically during the baptism ceremony itself. The church wants it to be quite clear who those'individuals are. It must be remembered, however, that this in no way limits or minimizes the relationship of the rest of your family to the baby and its parents. After all, being a godparent does not magically create love and concern when it was not there before; even more surely, it shuts no one out. True, the official sponsors make a more public commitment during the ceremony. In a real sense,however, they also are there to represent the rest of the family (and the whole church) in their promise to encourage and model for the child a life of faith. Obviously your family sees itself in just such a relationship. The babies bor\l into that gang are lucky. Q,. Is it' permissible for one to receive Communion if she is not sure it is quite an hour since taking medicine? I am 78 years old and it concerns me very much. I hope you can clear it up, (Missouri) A. Obviously many people, especially the elderly, are still confused about this. It is true that Catholics generally are asked to fast for one hour before receiving Communion. This is simply one way Christians traditionally have shown respect and reverence for the sacrament of the Eucharist. However, church law explicitly excludes sick peopl.e and the aged, as well as those who care for them,

5

By

FATHER JOHN

DIETZEN from this obligation (Canon 919). You may wish to fast in some ways before Communion insofar as your health permits; this way you join your fellow Catholics in their prayer and self-denial as much as you can. But you are no longer obliged to observe this law or, for that matter, any other fasting laws of the church. Even for those bound to the Communion fast, medicine and water do not "break" the fast; they may be taken anytime.

Q. I am 90 years old with two living daughters and many grandchildren and great-grandchildren. One of my granddaughters wh~ lives in the Southwest told me she was expecting to marry a very nice non-Catholic man. She said that since she has not been going to Mass regularly and isn't signed up in any parish, the priest will not marry them unless they pay him 5500. I have been a good Catholic all my life and have tried to give my family good example, as did my late husband. I cannot understand this though. How can a priest charge a couple such an enormous fee? (Iowa) A. There is either a serious misunderstanding somewhere or, as is very possible in this situation, your granddaughter may not be giving you a complete or accurate story. Even if she is not actually registered in a parish, she lives in some parish territory and the priest would care for them just as for anyone else. To be honest, I do not believe a priest told the couple that they must give him a fee of$500 to officiate at a marriage. I suggest you ask your granddaughter for the name of the priest and call him. Tell him what you heard and ask him the same questions you asked me. I would like to know'his response. A free brochure, "Infant Baptism: Catholic 'Practice Today," is available by sending a stamped, self-addressed envelope to Father John Dietzen, Holy Trinity 'Parish, 704 N. Main St., Bloomington, III. 61701. Questions for this column should be sent to Father Dietzen at the same address.

>'

Vietnam report (Undated) (NC) - Catholic priests are still imprisoned in Vietnam and ordinations are discouraged, but adult conversions have increased since the communists captured South Vietnam in 1975, said Archbishop Paul Nguyen van Binh. The 76-year-old atchbishop of Ho Chi Minh City - formerly Saigon - also said coexistence with the communists has been easier in the south than in the centrai or northern regions of the country. Archbishop Binh's comments appeared in the French Catholic weekly magazine, La Vie.

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6 THE ANCHOR -

Diocese of Fall River -

Fri., Mar. 13, 1987

Procreation

Laity discuss role from that of clergy or religious. Continued from Pag2 One There is one Christian spirituality, confront there? What are your with different lifestyles." needs? • - What kind of adult educaOne major concern that has tion and spiritual formation are you looking for? What are the emerged, she said, is a strong desire strengths of current programs? for more collaboration between priests and laity in implementing ' What is lacking? the mission of the church. . - What are the church's cur, Another concern is that Cathorent strengths and weaknesses in lay ministry? In clergy-lay-religious lics "need help in making the conrelations? In pastoral councils? In nection between their faith and the lay spirituality? On issues of women larger world," she said. People in the church and society? In min- who belong to "small faith comistry by and to youth? In relating munities" which gather for study, spirituality and social caring? In prayer or action seem to have made that connection, she said, small communities of faith? - Deadlines for diocesan meetings but the average Catholic is asking and questionnaire responses in for more guidance. many places were in February, in Four U.S. bishops will represorder to meet a May I deadline for ent the National Conference 'of sending reports to the U.S. bishops' Catholic Bishops at· the synod: national laity office in Washington. Archbishop John L. May of St. "I've got' hun'dreds - no, liter- Louis, NCCB president, Cardinal ally thousands - of responses" -Joseph L. Bernardin of Chicago, from all parts of the country, said Archbishop Rembert Weakland Dolores Leckey, director of the of Milwaukee, and Bishop Stanley bishops' national laity secretariat. J. Ott of Batort Rouge, La., head By early March, the total was over of the NCCB laity committee. In addition, usually there "are 15,000, she said. A common element Mrs. Leckey several Americans among the 10 saw in most responses was that delegates elected by superiors "they do not see a dualistic situa- general of male religious orders tion between God and the world: and among synod delegates chosen For them there is no such thing as personally by Pope John Paul II. The Globe, diocesan newspaper a unique lay spirituality, different

of Sioux City, Iowa, devoted a full page in mid-February to a summation of more than I ,~OO repsonses to its survey. Responses, often fairly representative of Catholics across the country, indicated that Catholics of Northwest Iowa: - Were enthusiastic about the growth of lay ministry in the church but wanted more opportunities to participate, better training for lay ministry, and expanded roles for women in ministry. - Felt lay spirituality was less disciplined and more neglected than clerical or religious spirituality, but more vital, family-centered and action-oriented. - Wanted equal rights for women in the church, greater recognition and affirmation of women, and clarification of women's role in the church. This was one of the more controversial questions raised, as many respondents also mentioned ordination of women as priest or deacons, female altar servers, representation of women at the synod and a variety of other concerns about women in church and society.

The Cost of War "Every war can lose everything." - Pope John PauJ.II

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AMISSIONARY THI LENT For 49 years, Bishop Gasparini has,walked the way of the Cross as a missionary in Ethiopia. He has seen the sufferil).g Christ in the weeping eyes of hungry children, on the faces of fathers searching to give their families a home and human dignity, and in the strength of exhausted mothers. '. Bishop Gasparini brings Christ's hope tothe Ethiopian people because of your gift through the Propagation of the Faith. , Walk with him during the forty days of Lent! Make a special Lenten Sacrifice! A dollar a day for 40 days.

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Retirement Project will aid religious WASHINGTON (NC). - The national Tri-Conference Retirement Project, established to help religious orders deal with increasing retirement costs, will distribute donations it has received to the neediest orders, its director said. Sister Mary Oliver Hudon said· that unsolicited donations have come in since the project was established last May by the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, the conference of Major Superiors of Men and the Leadership Conference of Women Religious. She said March 4 that about $700,000 has been received and wi,lLbe ;Qi~tr.iblJt~ nex.t,..Q,ec~i in' accord with a "neeas-based;' formula. Sister Hudon, a School Sister of Notre Dame, said on!= anonymous gift was for $500,000. Another $60,000 was raised by The Florida Catholic, newspaper for five florida dioceses, in an appeal to readers. Sister Hudon also said she has received a number of requests for instructions on how to provide for elderly nuns in wills. Goals of the retirement project include helping religious orders to better use their assets, developing new ways to compensate religious for tQ~ir services, and creating intercongreg~tionalfina!1cialman.: agement systems. . Sister Hudon stressed that "there a·re no old, starvirig sisters and brothers using food stamps because they are on welfare;" "This is a problem for young religious," she explained, saying that retirement funds are inadequate to meeCcosts for those who will retire in five to 15 years.

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Continued from Page One ever the donor may be," is also illicit, the document adds. Surrogate motherhood - an arrangement by which a woman carries a baby to term for another person - is condemned as "an objective failure to meet the obligations of maternal love, of conjugal fidelity and of responsible motherhood." In examining artificial fertiliza, tion involving only a married couple, the instruction stresses the unitive and procreative meanings of the conjugal action. In vitro fertilization, involving the conception of human life outside of the human body, is morally illicit because it is disassociated from the conjugal act, the document says. It also "entrusts the Iffe and the identity ofthe embryo to the power of doctors and biologists and establishes the domination of technology over the origin and destiny of the human person," it adds. While the document rejects without exception in vitro fertilization and other reproductive techniques which "substitute for the conjugal . act," it is open to practices which help the conjugal act attain "its natural purpose." The ~tatement expresses sympathy for sterile couples, but said that a child "is not an object to which one has a right, nor can he be considered as an object of ownership." Rather, he is "the supreme gift" of marriage. The document calls on infertile couples to use their condition to share "in a particular way in the Lord's cross." Those studying human sterility l\.fe en(j.o.lJraged W';contjnue their ".e~~t'.Wifheth~im~rpreventing the' causes of sterility and of being able to remedy them so that sterile couples will be able to procreate." The document calls on legislators to reject embryo experimentation, egg and sperm donation, embryo banks, surrogate motherhood, and other techniques. Legal and political recognition ofthe artificial transmission ofIife and the experimentation connected with it would "widen the breach" opened by legalized abortion, the document says. The document also calls on moral theologians to study and make ,accessible to Catholics church teachings"on 'sexuality and 'marriage> to ',increase understanding of"the reasons for and the validity of this teaching." , "By defending man against the ex<:esses of his own power, the church of God reminds him of the reasons for his true nobility," the ' document said: See also related stories on pages 8 and 9. ' •

Tex'ans lend papal Mass site SAN ANTO~IO, 'Texas (NC) modate more 'than I milli~n per, - Thanks to three Texas busi- sons, but the archdiocese anticipates 500,000 will attend the Sept. nessmen, 144 acres in San Antonio that form "a natural amphitheater" .13 Mass.. At no cost to the archdiocese, will be the site where Pope John Paul II will celebrateM'ass when she said, the businessmen have he visits the U.S. in September. offered to clear, seed and water the Divine Providence Sister Char- land prior to the pope's arrival. The 144-acre parcel is part of lene Wedelich, administrative assistant in the papal visit office of 7,000 largely vacant acres in northwest San Antonio owned by the Archdiocese of San Antonio, sa.id the three men, a Jew, a Baptist the, three men, Sister Wedelich and a Catholic, donated use of the said. It js adjacent to a 55-acre parkland "because they're interested in San Antonio and in Texas, and ing lot built to accommodate vis, they see the papal visit as a historic . itors to Sea World, a water recreamoment and a great blessing." tion area scheduled to open in She said the area could accom- September 1988.

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It is unthinkable that sucQ drugs . The Anchor Friday, Mar. 13, 1987 be taxed, especially when seniors and all need them; when Governor Dukakis boasts a huge surplus; when the lottery is reaping much about the Forum for the Divorced money; when the tax itself is gar- and Separated (Anchor, Feb. 13). nering millions; when the unemploy- We feel that it was well done and a ment rate is so low. very positive message regarding Please write to Senator Doane the church's changing attitudes and Representative Rauschenbach toward this matter. Many people and ask them to support Senate will benefit from your very inforBill 1389. mative article. Several Anchor readBernard McCabe ers have already contacted us and South Yarmouth now know that there is help and support offered by the Church. Thanks again for a fine job. Dear Editor: Pat Brown Just a short note to thank you Co-chairperson very much for the great article Fairhaven

7

Dear Editor: I agree wholeheartedly with Antoinette Bosco's article pertaining . to the church music (Anchor, Feb. 13). I had written her words many times in my mind. I do not look forward to attending Mass on Sunday, especially the II: 15. There is ,a junior choir and all the dear children sing are modern tunes with a jazz slant. The louder the better. The sound does assault the ears. I too recall the beautiful Gregorian music at our high school. No more Latin hymns. "It is not permitted." I feel sorry for the children not being exposed to the tradition of the music. Where would mankind be if the church had adopted the attitude of present day parishes? Surely if the pastor presented the fact that money was needed to hire a competent directorthe parishioners would respond. We were taught that when we pray we are walking to God and when we sing we are running. With this type of music I am running away period. Enjoy your paper every week. Marion Auerbach Falmouth

Support asked NC photo

FATHER Kieser on location in Kenya

"We Are the Children"Jilm :~~~, -:,r-1s~~',praulls,t ?'s latest·· proJe'ct NEW YORK (NC) - Paulist countries. The same conditions Father Ellwood Kieser is better that caused the 1984 famine still known by the Hollywood enter- exist and will continue for the tainment crowd than by America's foreseeable future." , TV viewers. Father Kieser fears that the pubThat's to be expected because lic is beginning to suffer "compasthe public is not as interested in sion fatigue," the result of an overproducersas in performers. Never- load of images of impoverished theless, he is a well-accepted part Third World peoples. "What we of the TV industry. He has worked need to realize is that the African hard and accomplished much to people have as much to give us as earn his niche, beginning in the , we have to give them," he said. 1960s when he began producing That concept lies at the heart of "Insight," a dramatic series on "We Are the Children," the story contemporary moral conflicts. of a naive young American doctor With top Hollywood actors and who comes to help Ethiopia but scripts by some of the industry's soon becomes discouraged by the best writers, "Insight" was one of immensity of the task. What saves the most widely syndicated of reli- her from total disillusionment is gious shows and is still airing on breaking through the barrier that stations across the country. has kept her from experiencing the But what's on Father Kieser's dignity and joy of those she has mind now is his latest production, been treating. "We Are the Children," which airs "It's a conversion story," said, Monday, March 16, 9-11 p.m. Father Kieser, telling about the EST on ABC. woman who finally learned to be For him, the program is about "with the poor as one human being "seeing God in the poorest of the with another. In other words, it's poor," the Gospel message of loving othThe idea for it came from a 1984 ers as ourselves." visit he made to famine-stricken When Ally Sheedy and Ted DanEthiopia at the request of Catholic son agreed to star in the show, Relief Services. From the expe- ABC approved the project. Then rience came a documentary with the Ethiopians refused to allow the Cliff Robertson, aimed at bringing production to be shot in their awareness of the Ethiopian disas- country. Going to northern Kenya ter and famines elsewhere into just across the E;thiopian border American homes. solved that problem. Father Kieser said in a telephone Asked if the show will do as well interview that when' Americans in the ratings as did "The Fourth learned of the famine in Ethiopia Wise Man," his 1985 special starthey responded generously. As a ring Martin Sheen and Alan Arkin, result, he said, there is still hunger Father Kieser said he hoped it in the nation, but not starvation. does even better. Yet, he said, "there are serious ~·It is Gospel-based but viewers famines right now in Sudan, Mozam- will also find it very entertaining," bique and several other African he said.

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Diocese of Fall River - Fri., Mar. 13, 1987

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NC photo

FATHER STANLEY L. JAKI "anything whatsoever" about crea- rder to aid other Hungarian Benetion. Science, he said, tells us about dictines who are in exile. Father Jaki has been at Seton processes, but not about how things originally came out of nothing. _ Hall, in South Orange, N.J., since All that scientists are "entitled 1965. Currently, he is also a visitto tell us," Father Jaki said, is that ing fellow at the Institute of Adtoday they can trace the universe vanced Studies and the Center for back 17 billion to 18 billion years:' 'The<?logi~~-' }nqu,irYd?~.lt".t ip' ~f!n.: .~. But he said 'they "canno't spot a ' ceton, N.J. He is the author of first mO!TIent." what is considered a pioneering Father Jaki, a native of Gyor, book, "Relevance of Physics," and Hungary who went to Rome for has been called "one of the greatest study in 1947 and then to the Uni- of all modern champions ofa posited States to teach in 1950, said his tive relation of theology to rigorprize money would be used by his ous science,"

Vatican 'paper balances science, ethics But it sees some prominent marriage, all techniques which developments in artificial concep- violate "unity" of marriage, such tion as threatening to turn humans as surrogate mothers or reproducinto objects for scientific manipula- tive cell donation are judged illicit. The statement's defense of the tion. individual person means the human Of particular concern is in vitro fertilization - conception in a embryo, even at its simplest form, laborato'ry - which church lead- may never be treated as an object ers see as enabling doctors to create to be frozen, cloned, manipulated genetically, experimented on or life and decide on its survival. . disposed of. The document levels some of its Because it sees a threat to the strongest criticism at the technique individual, the family and the when it involves the voluntary des- institution of marriage, the docutruction of "spare" embryos, link- ment urges governments to restrict ing that practice with an "abortion such biomedical developments mentality. " as nontherapeutic embryo experIn the process, "life and death imentation, reproductive cell are subjected to the decision of donation and surrogate motherman, who thus sets himself up as hood. the giver of life and death by Taken as a whole, the document decree," the document says. "The strongly asserts the church's duty abortion mentality" which spawned to judge the licitness of scientific "What is technically possible is the procedure can also "lead to a procedures, 'and just as strongly not for that very reason morally system of radical eugenics." asserts the sufficiency of traditional Eugenics is the attempt to teachings as criteria for these admissible," says the document. The point was pressed again in a improve the human race through judgments. March 10 press conference, when the preselection or cultivation of But one theologian critical of Cardinal Joseph Ratziner, head of. specific genetic traits. the Vatican's position said: "The The document's assertion that teaching's clear, but will it be conthe Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, said "science is not an the special character of the conju- vincing to everyone? I doubt it." absolute to which all must be sub- gal act rules out in vitro fertilizaThe pastoral challenge of ordinated and eventually sacrificed, tion, which places conception out "spreading the word" on the teachide the body, is rooted in Pope ing was clearly what the doctrinal including the dignity of man." However, the Vatican shows Paul VI's encyclical "Humanae congregation had in mind when it itself ready to accept medical Vitae" (Of Human Life) which called on theologians to "make techniques to help sterile couples says the act is inseparably unitive accessible to the faithful" the conceive, as long as they do not and procreative. church's teaching on the beginning usurp the conjugal act. With regard to the sancitity of of new human life.

VATICAN CITY (NC) - The Vatican's new document on procreation is more than a compilation of mostly negative evaluations of med ical achievements. It strongly asserts the need to view scientific developments in the light of overriding ethical values, such as the dignity of the human person. "Science without conscience can only lead to man's ruin," says the document, "Instruction on Respect for Human Life in its Origin and on Dignity of Proceation." Underpinning the document is traditional ch,urch teaching on the sanctity of marriage, the conjugal act and the primacy of individuals. It repeatedly cites Popes Pius XII, Paul VI and John Paul II on these points.


THE ANCHOR - Diocese of Fall River - Fri., Mar. 13, 19879

P ocass,et parish hosts World Day of Prayer

Norris H. Tripp J. TESER, Prop. RESIDENTIAL INDUSTRIAL COMMERCIAL 253 Cedar St., New Bedford

By Joseph Motta Church Women United, national ecumenical movement that brings Protestant, Roman Catholic, Orthodox and other Christian women to worship, study, serve and act to help build a world of peace with justice, observed March 6 as its 100th annual World Day of Prayer. P.ersons in over 170 countries participated. The organization describes the day, which began as a time of prayer for missions as "a prayer movement of gloDal d-imensions which has become the precious heritage of countless Christians throughout the world. It is a worldwide expression of mutual prayer and Christian unity. It is unique as a world movement, in that its expression is found in local communities and that its leadership from the beginning has been that of laywomen."

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ANNE AUSTILL "Let this propel us forward to justice and celebration for the whole world, which God so loves," Mrs. McKenna said.

Father James W. Clark, St. According to Marilyn LaRiveirere, Church Women United's John's pastor, also welcomed the group, and called the day's speaker, Cape Cod chairman for World Mrs. Anne Austill, an octogenarDay of Prayer, II services were ian Episcopalian and Cataumet held at Cape churches. One hosted resident, "a valiant woman of the by St. John the Evangelist parish, Bible." . Pocasset, attracted approximately 100 women (and several men). In a buoyant and emotional Participants hailed from St; presentation, Mrs. Austill offered John's, Cataumet Methodist and her thoughts on the day and on' the Methodist, First Baptist and God's love. Episcopalian churches of Bourne. Bunny McKenna, president of "How can we b~ thankful enough St. -John's' W01hen!!LGuild~iwel- .' :that.GQd ,se.nt.)}ls on)y son to be corned her Chr'is'tiart neighbo:rs to . ~ne of us?" sh~ aske~. "If you're the service. lIke I am, the fIrSt Friday of each

March [the World D'ay of Prayer] comes in in a beautiful way. "Women are holding hands and looking up and around and praying! It's wonderful!" Mrs. Austill wondered aloud about the number of languages in in which the World Day of Prayer was being conducted at that very moment. "God loves variety!" she exclaimed. "This is a service of rejoicing! We need to rejoice that our Father in Heaven forgives us! Isn't it wonderful!" Mrs. Barbara Primmerman of St. John the Evangelist parish was the day's worship leader. Holly Vogel was organist, and Dave Faulkner vocal soloist.

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such methods 'were on morally licit grounds, Cardinal Ratzinger answered: "When the discussion is still open and there is not yet a decision by the magisterium, the doctor is required to stay informed, according to classic theological principles and concrete circumstances': and "make a decision based on his informed conscience." "The instruction does not pro- . nounce a judgment on GIFT. It leaves it open to research by biologists and to further discussion by theologians," said Jesuit Father Bartholomew Kiely, a moral theologian who help'ed prepare the document. One main element in judging such .methods, Father Kiely said, is whether they assist marital intercourse in attaining procreation, or replace it with a laboratory technique. The congregation's instruction insists that the procreative aspect of intercourse not be separated from the unitive aspect. One of the issues left open, Father Kiely said, is whether a sterile couple using the GIFT method would in effect be using marital intercourse only to collect sperm and not procreation in itself. "That's part of the question left for future reflection," he said. But he added that previous church teaching seems to require more . than a "general connection" between the conjugal act and procreation. Father Kiely said the document likewise does not make ajudgment

on another technique, called Low Tubal Ovum Transfer or LTOT, which was first used successfully in a Catholic hospital in Ohio. LTOT circumvents absent or blocked fallopian tubes and transfers the ova to the uterus to allow in vivo fertilization to take place through conjugal intercourse. It has been approved by Archbishop Daniel E. Pilarczyk of Cincinnati and theologians at Pope John Paul II Medical-Moral Research and Education Center near Boston. LTOT, Father Kiely said, "seems to fall within the GIFT area, the area that is not yet defined by the document, but is left open to further research." He said Catholics should recognize that the techniques fall in an area "that is not yet settled." "Obviously the document couldn't go into too much detail on the medical side, because the scene literally changes from week to week," he added. Msgr. Elio Sgrec9ia, an ·ltalian ethicist who also helped prepare the document, said methods that seek to help marital intercourse attain fertility should be considered "within the range of licitness." He said that also applies to medical aid provided after the conjugal act occurs. It is hoped that science would make available other fertiity techniques that retain the conjugal act as the source of life, and help it reach its full effect, Msgr. Sgreccia· said.

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Not aIL procreation tecllniques disallowed VATICAN CITY (N C) - Theological discussion is "still open" on some fertility techniques involving medical intervention but in which conception occurs inside the woman's body, a Vatican official has said. Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, said that in the absence of a church decision on the maUer, individual Catholic doctors should rely on their "informed conscience" in deciding whether to perform the techniques. Cardinal Ratzinger spoke March 10 at a Vatican press conference on a congregation document titled "Instruction on Respect for Human Life in its Origin and onthe Dignity of Procreation." The document rejected as illicit in vitro fertilization and several other fertility techniques. Doctors in the United States, however, have in recent years developed methods that it did not specifically address. One such method, called Gamete Intra-Fallopian Transfer or GIFT, involves extracting an ovum, placing it near sperm cells in a catheter and then inserting both into the uterus. Conception follows "in vivo" or inside the woman's body.Some Catholics havejudged the technique as acceptable as long as masturbation is not involved in collecting the sperm. Instead, a perforated condom is used during intercourse, with the sperm retrieved from the condom afterward. Asked whether doctors offering

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri." Mar. 13, 1987

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A case of' brotherly 'silence to let the past be forgotten. The new issue is the seven intervening Dear Dr. Kenny: My mother years of hostile silence. You have died about seven years ago. She no idea what his present attitude had lived with my wife and me for toward you is. two years before her death. Since The problem is how to restore then, I have not spoken to my only communication. You are to be brother. Her will divided the inheri- commended in wishing to reach tance equally between us. I felt my . out at this time. wife and I should have received Why not start with a brief note? extra for caring for mother while Tell him you are worried about my brother was over a thousand your sister-in-law, concerned for miles away. I told my brother so him, and ask that he give her your and he became very angry. He still love and best wishes. lives far away, so the silence has Then, in the second paragraph, not been difficult to maintain. tell him you regret that you have Now his wife is seriously ill and I allowed the silence to last so long: would like to talk to my brother, "I am sorry we have lost touch visit my sister-in-law and help if I with each other. I apologize for can. I want to let the past be fornot writing sooner and at a more gotten. What do you suggest? (New pleasant time." York) You are not admitting you were A lawyer recently told me that wrong originally, but simply saythe bitterness generated in families ing you have been wrong in allowover an inheritance is often greater ing the silence to continue. than the bitterness arising over Then phone your brother. Do custody and visitation disputes dur- not wait for him to answer your ing a divorce. Sibling rivalry is note. He may have too much on inflamed by feeiings about unfair- his mind now. Your letter will give ness when parental goods are div- him a chance to think about your ided. The second major family concern and prepare himself so as story in the Bible is about a dispute not to brush you off abruptly between two brothers over God's when you call. favor. The first purpose of your phone However, that unpleasantness is . call is to listen and to learn. Do not now seven years old and you wish start by apologizing. Ask how your By Dr. James and Mary Kenny

sister-in-law is and how he is managing. Undoubtedly, he needs understanding and sympathy at this time and, hopefully, he will be able to accept it from you. What if he responds: "Why are you so concerned now? Are you feeling guilty or something?" In that,case do not argue or try to defend yourself. This is a hard time for him. Simply tell him you care and will be available if and when he feels you' can help. Then send another brief note stating that you understand he is going through a very difficult time and you wish him and his family well. It is important to send this follow-up note so he knows he has not alienated you again. If, however, he does share his present distress with you, respond with sympathy and concern. Tell him how you feel. Ask, "Is there anything at all we can do for you and your wife?'~ If you would like to visit, say so. You are attempting something difficult. Do not be dissuaded by the possibility he may reject your overture. Good luck! Reader questions on family living and child care to be answered in print are invited. Address The Kennys, Box 872, St. Joseph College, Rensselaer, Ind. 47978.

Powerful and greedy teenagers By Antoinette Bosco A new breed of teenagers is springing up across the country right now and the more I read about them, the more convinced I am that· some of our society's values are going haywire. A recent conference at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School of Business was filled with 150 "teen tycoons," teenage kids who, according to newspaper reports, are obsessed with making a huge fortune. . These are not kids who mow lawns or work at the local hamburger joint. They are manufacturers,jewelry importers and financiers running mutual funds and specializing in takeover stocks. A Wall Street Journal article described them as teenagers who crave excitement, never rest and dream about power and money. "There's never too much money, never," said a young entrepreneur. "I want enough money to go anywhere, any time, at a moment's notice," said an 18-year-old businessman. The Wall Street Journal article described the teens as hyperachievers who "idolize themselves" and show little generosity. " 'Me' is very important," said a 16-yearold real estate developer. I suppose some people would be impressed by such budding millionaires - they are clever, hardworking and show plenty of American ingenuity. But I think any display of blind ambition, selfcenteredness and naked drive for power and riches is frightening. In some ways it isn't surprising that youths are learning materialistic values, considering what is happening in society around them.

front page says something about taste of power, while they are very our priorities. Newspapers reflect young. The Lord said: "It is harder for a what people care about and it appears that in the 1980s what rich man to get to' heaven than for most Americans care about,is.mon- .. a camel to, pass throUllh the eve of ey. '\'i:l"ne!e'ille.1;t t'Jtl:J .. :nq ti~llltij~lo(J Wouldn't it be nice if those ' youths would a p ply the If enor. t . I' mous energies 0 socia servlceto help the elderly paint their houses, play with a lonely child or volunteer to help the sick or the hungry? Many elementary schools and high schools across the country are teaching pupils business skills by having them start up reai companies and operate them for profit. A New York educator called this ."one of the most exciting changes in education." I'd like to see a different kind of educational change where students would be taught human values and caring for theirfellows. Instead we're teaching them how to fill their pockets and giving them a

People who put all their energies into making money can find it difficult to let go of possessions, ego and selfishness in order to make room for God. The pursuit of material accumulations becomes the worship of false gods. There is nothing wrong with having nice things. But it's gotten all out of proportion and out of control when teenagers crave wealth above all else. The teenage years should be a time for developing the intellect and the spirit, a time for dreaming when idealism overshadows practical realities. As parents and Christians, in our homes, schools, churches and communities, we need to communicate to our young people that there is more to life than money.

Do I love my teenagers? By Hilda Young

groan about going to a G-rated How do I love my teenagers? movie, then enjoy it more than the 8-year-old: _ Let me count the ways: I love them when they argue I love them when they ask me why they can't wear jeans with with each other for 15 minutes holes in the knees, morally ques- over who should spend 45 seconds tionable ink drawings and no seat cleaning their bread and jelly mess off the counter. pockets to Mass. I love them when the principal I love them when they watch me sends notes home saying they owe unloading a car full of groceries the home economics teacher an like I'm a pack mule and offer to apology for sewing two classmates pull the car into the garage for me together at the hip. when I'm done. I love them when they are ready I love them when they pull ripe gym clothing out of their book bag in a split second to spend "their at 7:30 a.m. and say, "I'm sup- money" on a Cyndi Lauper tape posed to have these clean for first but are aghast when it's suggested that they pay their own book fee. I started getting nervous a few period today." I love them when they put their years ago when newspapers began I love them when they eat a featuring stories on the front page quart of canned pears before your arms around me and smile, "Y ou about the stock market and corpo- eyes, then ask, "What's for dinner?" love me, don't you Mom?" , I really do. rate buyouts. What appears on the. I love them when they moan and'

"


THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri.", Mar. 13, 1987

fteering pOintf PUBLIC In CHAIRMEN are asked to submit news Items for this column to The Anchor, P.O. Box 7, Fall River, 02722.. Name of city' or town should be Included, as well as full dates of all activities. Please send news of future rather than past events. Note: We do not carry news of tundralsln, activities such as bin,os. whists. dances, suppers and bazaars. We are happy to carry notices of spiritual Ilrogram~. club meetlnRs, youth projects and similar nonprofit activities. Fundralsing proJects may be advertised at our regular rates, obtainable from The Anchor business office, telephone 675·7151. On Steerinll Points Items FR Indicates Fall River, NB Indicates New Bedford.

DCCN Fall River Diocesan Council of ' Catholic Nurses seminar, Are We Women of Compassion?, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. April 4, St. John the Baptist Church hall, Westport; speakers: Mercy Sisters Dympna Smith, chaplain at Cape Cod Hospital, and Rose Agnew, director of pastoral care at Parkwood Hospital; C~Us are available; registration deadline March 27; information: Betty Novacek, 674-5741, ext. 2080. .

ST. JOSEPH, ATTLEBORO FATHER Robert F. DriLenten series meetings begin with ST. THOMAS MORE, nan, SJ, a former U.S. con7 p.m. Mass Fridays; tonight: Being SOMERSET family living' rosary for world Faithful to the Paschal Mystery, gressman representing Maspeace 7:30 p.m. March 27; sponFather Richard Gendreau; March sachusetts, currently a professored by the Women's Guild, the 20: What It Means to Become Sacsor at Georgetown University rament, Father Stephen J. Avila; rosary will be prayed during exposiMarch 27: God's Speaking: Are We tion of the Blessed Sacrament; deaLaw Center, Washington, Listening to Scripture?, Father Wil- con Edward Healey of Holy Name D.C., will speak on "Social parish, New Bedford, will offer a liam F. Baker; April3: Marriage and Action and Justice - The Eucharist: How It All Fits Together, reflection before Benediction; refreshFather Thomas C. Lopes; April 10: ments available in church hall. Camp Challenge of Our Time" at a The Church's Role in Current Jus- Fire M~ss 9 a.m. March 22. program from 10 a.m. to 5 tice Issues, Father William M. Costel- DIVORCED AND SEPA~ATED, p.m. tomorrow at LaSalette lo. FR Greater Fall River area support Shrine, Attleboro. InformaST. MARY, SEEKONK Lenten series for adults (two ses- group for separated, divorced and tion: 222-5410. sions) 9:45 to II a.m. Tuesdays and remarried Catholics meeting 7 p.m. March 25, Our Lady of Fatima 7:05 to 8:20 p.m. Wednesday; the Gospel Passion Narratives will be Church hall, Swansea. among study topics. CATHEDRAL, FR SS. PE:rER & PAUL, FR Weekday Masses are offered in Lenten school Masses 9 a.m. FriST. LOUIS de FRANCE, the Lady Chapel at 8 a.m. and 12:05 days; all welcome. Lenten youth SWANSEA p.m. Ladies of St. Anne Sodality meet- night 7 p.m. March 24, Father Coady ST. MARY, NB ing 7:30 p.m. Wednesday, parish Center; parishioners in grades 7 Mass and Bible instructions 7:30 hall; Father Stephen A. Fernandes, through 10 will participate in prayer, parochial vicar at St. James Church, activity and discussion. The parish p.m. Mondays. celebrated Girl Scout Week this week; New Bedford, will present" AdvenST. JOHN THE EVANGELIST, Scouts attended Mass last weekend tures Into the Magic of the Mind." POCASSET as a group. Jeanne Towers, Chris O'Donnell, SAINTS AND SINGERS CHORUS The Saints and Singers Chorus SACRED HEART, R . Kevin McGonagle and David Faulkwill present its annual Easter canC:lover Club men ~Ill smg aLSunner have been elected to the parish tata, Now I See You, at 8 p.m. April day ~ II a.m. -Mass m h?~or of St. council. Vincentians meet after 8 13, St. tvtari.~ Church Fairhaven; Patnck; all welcome to Jom .clover a.m. Mass tomorrow. Parishioners ~he ~t\lhralM 'PPeUnisq~~ ~a~t~i ~ori' ~ i .ulub,mambersJor.co.ffeeand,dough- .:.Marie.Robinson,· Laurie McKenna through narration and 'con'ieinpor- . nuts afterwards, pansh hall. and Maureen Crosby are candidates in girls' ECHO 133; Father Francis ST. JULIE, ary and traditional music. Connors, Jean Lima, Donna SasO.L. MT. CARMEL NB NO. DARTMOUTH. sone and Sea ria Coughlin represent Women's Club in;tallation banLadies' Guild sunshine committee the parish as team members. quet and'dance on March 29 follow chairwoman through tomorrow is II a.m. Mass, church, at No. Dart- Annette Carreras. LEGION OF MARY mouth's Hawthorne Country Club; ST. JAMES, NB 35th anniversary Acies ceremo'ny new officers: Aileen Cabral, presiReligious education teachers' en2 p.m . Ma~ch 29, St. Mary's Cathed- . dent; Leonor M. Luiz, vice-president;' richment day 7 p.m. March 16, parral, with Bishop Daniel A. Cronin. Elaine Salvador, secretary; Mildred ish center. Almeida, treasurer. MARY, FAIRHAVEN ST. ROSARY VOLUNTEER Dar .of prayer Wednesday, with SEPARATED AND DIVORCED, New Bedford's Taber Street NursexpOSitIOn of Blessed Sacrament after CAPE COD ing Home needs a volunieer to say 8:30 a:m: Mass; rosary 6:30 p.m.; Ministry for divorced and separ- the rosary with patients at I:30 p.m. BenedictIOn 7 p.m. ated Catholics of Cape Cod and the Fridays; information: 997-0791. Islands meeting 6 to 8 p.m. March IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, 15, St. Francis Xavier Church, Hyan- ST.GEORGE,WESTPORT School Science Fair winners: MelisTAUNTON nis; topic: single parenting;, babysitInstrumental ensemble rehearses ting available; information: Patti sa-Kalisz and Celeste Castonguay, first place; Ed ward Butler and Gerald' 3 p.m. March 22. M114ey, ,7V 1.-4438.. ' Santos, second place; Kristi Shenk CORPUS CHRISTI, SANDWICH' SEPARATED AND DIVORCED, and Wayne Goyette, third place. 12 Contemporary music ensemble NO. DARTMOUTH students merited honorable men- forming; Ada Simpson, 746-5440. Divorced ,and separ~ted support tions. Parish rosary of reparation to the group !fleets 7 to 9 p.m. second Sacred Hearts 3 p.m. Wednesdays. Wednesdays and fourth Mondays, ST. LOUIS, FR . Paulette Masse, LSW, and Jackie Parish Bible study. group meets 8 Family" Life Center, 500 Slocum Rd., No. Dartmouth; use rear en- Ciullo, RN, BS N, will speak on Alz- '·p.m. Wednesdays; information: Dotty Peluso, 428-9456. Quilting and trance; March 23 meeting: Rev: heimer'~ disease at 7 p.m. March 24, James Smoke's "How to Survive church hall; a film will be included;' crafts groups meet 10 a.m. ThursDivorce" video, parts,one and two; all welcome; information: Rita La- days, St. Theresa's mission, Sagamore. small group discussion follows; April Croix, 673-0484, after 5 p.m. 8 meeting: Rev. Robert Heskett of New Bedford's Marriagel Divorce Center arid Trina Costa ofP.A.C.E., Inc., will speak on family communication; April 27 meeting: viewing and discussion' Father Smoke's video, parts three and four. CATHEDRAL CAMP, E. FREETOWN St., Patrick's Church, Wareham, confirmation retreats March 13 and 14 and 20 and 21. Our Lady of Mt: Carmel Church, New Bedford, youth retreat March 13 and 14. O.L. VICTORY,' CENTERVILLE . Morning' prayer and Berfediction 10 today. High school religious education class meets 6 p.m. Sunday; CYO meeting follows. Women's Guild day of recollection April 3 includes 2:30 p.m. Mass and guest speaker Sister Mary Hennessey, RC.

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BLESSED SACRAMENT, FR Prayer meetings 7:30 p.m: Fridays, small chapel; all welcome. CHRIST THE KING, COTUIT/ MASHPEE . Evenings of prayer and praise 7:30 p.m. Thursdays, St. Jude the Apostle Chapel, Rt. 28, Cotuit. Novena to St. Jude after 8 a.m. Mass Thursdays, St. Jude's Chapel. Catholic Women's Club arts and crafts meetings 10 a.m. to noon Thursdays, CCD center; all welcome. Choir rehearsal 7:30 p.m. Tuesdays, St. Jude's Chapel; new voices welcome; no auditions. The parish is helping Noah Shelter for the Homeless, Hyannis, with material needs; volunteers to help prepare meals are needed; information: Jean Hannan, 4284481. ST. JOSEPH, FAIRHAVEN Parish school accepting registrations for new students; information: 996-1983. Formal choir rehearses 7:30 p.m. Mondays, church; new members welcome; information: Deborah Osuch, 994-3405. Lenten meditation 6:30 to 7 tonight, church, precedes Mass. .

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HOLY ROSARY, TAUNTON Gorzkie Zale singing Passion meditation 7 p.m. Wednesdays, parish center. Charismatic prayer meeting 7:30 p.m. Thursdays, parish center. Starting the first Saturday of April, the Vigil Mass will be celebrated at 4:30 p.m. ST. PATRICK, FR Holy hour 2 p.m. Sunday, lower chapel. ST. ANNE, FR Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament after II :30 a.m. Mass today; hour of adoration 2 to 3 this afternoon, shrine. ST. ANNE'S HOSPITAL, FR New medical staff officers: Dr. Kevin O'Brien, president; Dr. Thomas Galvin, vice-president; Dr. Franklin Scheel, secretary I treasurer; Dr. Robert Merrick, member-atlarge. A donation from the Phyllis Kimball Johnstone and H. Earle Kimball Foundation will be used to purchase pediatric unit equipment.

NOTRE DAME, FR Parish retreat led by Father Renaud, OMI, begins 7 p.m. March 22. Parish school students are observing Lent by saving money for the Holy Childhood Association, disciplining themselves in class behavior and improving their listening and study skills. O.L. MT. CARMEL, SEEKONK Prayer meetings begin with 7 p.m. Mass Wednesdays, church basement; all welcome.

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ST. ST ANISLAUS, FR Men's Club meeting 7 p.m. Sunday. Lectors' meeting 4 p.m. Sunday, church. ST. DOMINIC, SW ANSEA Women's Guild meeting 7:30 p.m. March 17, parish center; at 8:30, Jim and Evelyn Luddy will discuss reproduction of antique dolls; alt welcome. Parish council meeting 9 a.m. tomorrow, rectory. The parish continues to support an Indian water well project.

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THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River-Fri., Mar. 13, 1987

Abp. Marcinkus case problem for Vatican fundraisers

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VATICAN CITY (NC) - Reports that arrest warrants have been issued for U.S. Archbishop Paul Marcinkus and two other officials ofthe Vatican bank could hardly have come at a worse time for the Vatican. The news has given the church a financial black eye just when it was about to launch a campaign to double the contributions of the world's Catholics to Peter's Pence, the fund used in recent years to cover much of the Vatican's spending shortfall. Some Vatican officials argue that the political crisis which drove Socialist Prime Minister Bettino Craxi, from office might have spawned the warrants as an attempt to discredit the church. A commission of cardinals was expected to meet at the Vatican in late March to discuss the Holy See's budget shortfall and initiate the appeal for more money, a.ccording to a scenario outlined by informed Vatican sources. "This news could jeopardize these plans," one source said. The arrest warrants reportedly were issued for alleged fraudulent bankruptcy in connection with the failure of an' Italian bank in 1982. Church officials fear that the average person in the pew will be less likely to contribute after seeing newspaper headlines suggesting a Vatican banking scandal, even thougb the Vatican has denied accusations of wrongdoing. Lamented a Vatican financial expert: "The image that comes out of this case could greatly damage the Holy Father's collection. We need to make clear that the Institute for Religious Works [the Vatican bank) has nothing to do with the mo.ney used to run the Holy See." To those who will listen, that is what some Vatican officials are trying to emphasize. The Vatican bank, they point out, serves mainly religious orders and other church organizations that need to make international transactions. The budget for Vatican operations, on the other hand, is handled by the Prefecture for Economic Affairs, and Vatican investment policy is set by the Administration for the Patrimony of the Holy See. The bank is independe~t of the" budget agencies. . '.. Peter's Pence, the sources added, is not used by the Vatican bank, but covers special pa,palprojects. ' In recent years, Pope John Paul II has applied it to the annual shortfall in ,Vatican operating ex.penses. But'beginriingin 1984, the $26' millio,n collection could not completely cover the' shortfall. " The Vatic.anasked many depart- . ments to keep a lid. on spending this year路 after its 1986 expected . shortfall reached $56 million. There ' is little fat to trim from the budget, experts say. More than half the spending goes to salaries and retirement benefits and individual office spending is at a bare-bones level. While church officials carefully distinguish between the Vatican bank and the Vatican operating budget, they understand that they tend to run together in the popular mind.

The Vatican has maintained that its bank was the victim of activities by Banco Ambrosiano president Roberto Calvi, who was found hanging dead under a London bridge in 1982 shortly before his bank collapsed. Investigators believe that Calvi secretly tried to gain control of Banco Ambrosiano by obtaining large loans for dummy companies in Latin America and then buying shares in the bank with the loan money. The Vatican bank, a minor shareholder in Banco Ambrosiano,wrote "letters of patronage" to assure lenders that the dummy companies could repay the loans. When it became clear the companies could not repay, Banco Ambrosiano collapsed. The Vatican has said the "letters of patronage" were recommendations rather than guarantees and were written after the loans were made. In 1984, it paid $240 million to the bank's creditors. An American priest at the Vatican said the reports about Archbishop Marcinkus, the Vatican bank president, would no doubt give church finances a "bad image" in the United States, where much of Peter's Pence is collected. But he and others stressed that what really lies behind an Italian legal maneuvering is largely unknown. Vatican officials suspect the timing of the reported warrants -just before a predicted Italian government crisis - was significant. In early March, a five-party coalition government dissolved after Craxi resigned, setting off a period of political jockeying. As one Vatican official put it: "Whenever a government falls, a scandal erupts. In this case, the aim may have been to discredit the Catholic Church politically. This is a typically Italian affair and wouldn't have happened anywhere else in the world." The official noted that the arrest warrants have not yet been confirmed officially and that if investigating magistrates privately con. firmed the' news, as has been reported, they broke a security rule. "We have to tell the truth to the faithful," he said. "But part of the truth is that so far there has been no charge of wrongdoing on the Vatican's part." .

Meanwhile, he noted, the bad press continues, with reporters checking regularly as to whether Archbishop Marcinkus has risked arrest by venturing onto Italian territory. The archbishop appears to be going about his normal business, but even that has drawn ironic commentary. When he conducted an Ash Wednesday service for Vatican workers, papers reported his remarks about the need for "penitence" and the "search for truth" with sarcastic delight. One paper suggested the archbishop should wear the ashes publicly as a sign of being a "sinner." That's the kind of Lenten advice Vatican officials feel they can do without.

NC photo

ENTERTAINER Danny Kaye, who died March 3 at age 74, is pictured with Pope Paul VI during a 1976 Vatican audience. He was visiting the pope on behalf of the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fun'd (UNICEF).

U.S. Reaction Meanwhile, in the United States, Archbishop John L. May, president ofthe National Conference of Catholic Bishops, has expressed support for Archbishop Marcinkus, describing him as "a man of integrity and honesty." He also criticized some news coverage of the controversy and cautioned against a "rush to judgment." Archbishop May and Archbishop Marcinkus were seminary classmates in Chicago and were ordained together in 1947. "I wish to extend words of personal and fraternal support at this difficult moment to Archbishop Paul Marcinkus," Archbishop May said in a statement issued March 6 by the NCCB in Washington. "While I cannot pretend to be in possession of all the facts pertaining to the present situation, I do know Archbishop Marcinkus to be a man of integrity and honesty," the ~t. Louis prelate said. "The media caricature of him which has sometimes appeared in accounts of recent events bears no resemblance to the reality of Paul Marcinkus as a person of high moral character," he said. "I feel confident that a full disclosure of the facts would absolve Archbishop Marcinkus of any suspicion of wrongdoing," he said. "Pending that, I would suggest that the present rush to judgment be suspended as a matter not only of charity but justice."

Jesuit directs papal retreat VATICAN CITY (NC)- Pope John Paul II chose Father PeterHans Kolvenbach, head of the Society of Jesus, to lead his lenten retreat, which ends tomorrow. As retreat leader, Father Kolvenbach is giving talks to the pope and other high-ranking Vatican officials attending the annual spiritual exercise. Father Kolvenbach was elected Jesuit superior general in 1983 after tlte pppe had intervened in society government by naming a temporary papal delegate to run its affairs. In 1981, the pope named 79year-old Father Paolo Dezza to run the society after Father Pedro Arrupe had to resign as superior general because of an incapacitating strok,e. The papal decision bypassed Jesuit norms for naming an interim head. Prior to the papal decision, the Jesuits had followed procedure and named U.S. Father Vincent O'Keefe as temporary, leader until another superior general was elected. The society is the largest religious order in the church, specializing in educational and missionary activities. Since being elected in 1983, Father, Kolvenbach's public positions on religious in politics have

echoed those' of the pope. He has encouraged Jesuit involvement in social and political issues, but ahs warned against engaging in partisan activity or holding government posts. . In December 1984, he suspended Father Fernando Cardenal from the Jesuits after the' priest refused to obey society and Vatican orders to quit his post as Nicaraguan educ.ation minister. In 1985, Father Koiveriblfch sent a letter to the membership warning that "certain social commitments" by Jesuits have caused "tension and even polarizations" in the society. The letter asked the society to continually evaluate its quest for social commitments in keeping with its religious calling.

Cardinal dies VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope John Paul II has praised the "tireless service" of India's Cardinal Joseph Parecattil, 74, who died Feb. 20. He was the first member of the Syro-Malabarese rite to be named a cardinal. Cardinal Parecattil was president of the Pontifical Commission for Revision of Eastern-Rite Code o(Canon Law since 1972. He headed the SyroMalabarese Archdiocese of Ernakulam, India, from 1956 ufttil he retired in 1984 for health reasons.

Pope calls for spiritual ,renewal during Lent

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ABP. MARCINKUS

VATICAN CITY (NC) - Pope John Paul II called for "a spiritual' re~ewal of mind and heart"during' thiS Lenten season in preparation . for Easter. The Pope said Lent was a time "to live in a deeper way the mystery of the cross of Christ." Pope John Paul preached his Ash Wednesday homily at the fifth-century Basilica of Saint Sabina on Rome's Aventine Hill. Lent is a time for "the conversion action of the truth of all that we do and that we are," the pope said. Lent is a time to "forget yourself when you want to do good for another,"a time to make room for God, a time of "fundamental, ele-

mentary truths," he said. During Lent, "the greatest power of the Holy Spirit must manifeSf

itself through weakness, namely, through the passion and death of the Son. of God," the pope added. .

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Catholic attitude on women priests affects Anglicans

NC IIPI photo

COMEDIAN Phyllis Diller, center, hams it up with cast m~mbers of "Nunsense," at the Douglas Fairbanks Theater in New York:

Nuns are people too DETROIT (NC) - For playwright Dan Goggin, a product of Catholic schools in' Alma, Mich., the message of his off-Broadway musical comedy "Nunsense" is that "the nuns really are people:" Goggin wrote the script, music and lyrics for the show, running in 10 cities around the world, including Toronto and Sydney, Australia, and, soon, London. In the comedy five nuns raise money with a benefit talent show to bury sisters who have been poisoned by the convent cook, Sister Julia, Crhi1d:'Jlf~JGo~o):~'jr4j"::.",:,, !'~

Goggin told The Michigan Catholic, newspaper of the Detroit Archdiocese. "It irritates me sometimes when you get knocked by the critics who says nuns are not like this. If they'd say 'We don't think nuns are like this,' that would be OK," he said. "First of all, nuns are our biggest fans. Forever they come backstage and say, 'Who'had the inside trackT 'Who knew about this'" For example, Goggin said Sister Hubert, the mistress of novices who gets into spats with the mother superior "because she really thinks she's got more on the ball than the mother superior," is a recognizable character. "We had an actual mother superior of the Carmelites come to the show one night in New York and she came backstage and said, 'Honey, you have no idea how many Sister HUQerts ) know,''' Goggin said laughing. At one point in the show Sister Amnesia sings a song, ') Could Have Gone to Nashville,' a coun-

really is the message, too, of'Nunsense' - that these people have made their choices and they're happy," the playwright said.

try number in which she explains how she could have become a country star, but entered the convent instead. Goggin said, "The song is pretty funny until the very end when she realizes why she became a nun. The very last line is 'I'm going to say a little thank-you prayer that it all turned out this way,' and ends with a smile on her face.

Goggin spoke of his own experiences in the faith. "I really enjoy going to Mass, especially during the week. It's a very peaceful, wonderful experience... 1 could n't get along without those times, they're so peaceful and I feel sorry for those people who have given it up."

"To me that's one of the most important lines in the show. That

'Confusion on 'laity role harms church, says pontiff VATICAN (NC) - Pope John Paul II said misinterpretations of the Second Vatican Council have created confusion and "extremist positions" concerning lay CatholicIsm. Those misconceptions have hurt vitality of the church. he said. The pope said the upcoming synod ori the laity, scheduled for October, should evaluate the "painful concessions" made by some Catholics to a worldly mentality. Speaking in an Angelus talk at the Vatican, he also noted that overall picture of the laity is more positive than negative. But he said the synod should not "close its eyes to ambiguous or mistaken situations... The council's documents, the pope 'said, have been met with

'·'partialunderstanding, and ambiguous and fragmentary interpretations, frequently opposed to the spirit of the council." This has created "confusion about the authentic nature of the lay vocation," he said. The pope identified what he said' were "opposite extremist positions: either placing the lay role exclusively within the hierarchical structure or separating the laity's cultural and social task from reli. gious faith." Both views, he said, have ended up by "humbling the vitality of the entire organism of the church." The novelty of changes brought by the council and their "impact with formulas of long tradition" have produced what some call a "crisis of identity" in the church, he said. "Particularly sharp repercussions have been seen in the understanding of the relationship between the church and the world, with painful concessions to the spirit of the world condemned by the Lord," he said.

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v ATICAN CITY (NC) - When Church of England leaders consider the issue of women's ordination, relations with the Roman Catholic Church is an important factor, said a top-ranking Anglican churchman. Canon Christopher Hill, secretary to Archbishop Robert Runcie of Canterbury, England, spiritual head of the worldwide Anglican Communion, recently told Vatican Radio that correspondence with the Vatican makes clear "the difficulties of the Catholic Church in accepting such a development." Pope John Paul II and Cardinal Johannes Willebrands, head ofthe Secretariat for Christian Unity, have exchanged letters with Archbishop Runcie on the issue. A recent report by bishops of the Church of England "says clearly that the bishops believe the problem of unity [is) one of the factors to take into account" if the church decides to allow women's ordination, Hill said. The bishops have taken note of arguments against women's ordination, including the Catholic Church's unchanging opinion on the issue over the centuries, he said. . "On the other hand the bishops noted the way in which the doctrine of the church can develop in

The Anchor Friday, Mar. 13, 1987

13

the light of changing circumstances," he added. Hill said the bishops conducted a study of Anglican canon laws and the safeguards needed if the ordination of women were to be allowed, so as not to "divide the Church of England," he said. Such norms would allow for those who would not ordain women for reasons of conscience, the canon added. Discussion of women's ordination was still in "a preliminary phase," Hill said. Any final decision must be made by a general synod of the church and would not be likely before 1990, he noted. The bishops' report said an "interim" period would allow bishops to refuse to ordain women or would allo'w parishes to prevent a woman priest from exercising ministry within it.

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14

THE ANCHOR-Diocese of Fall River"':"Fri., Mar. 13, 1987

St. Anne's School A Family Entertainment Day was sponsored by the St. Anne's Horne and Schoor Association last week. Presented as a thank you to parents and students for their support and cooperation, the event featured a magic show starring" The Hargreaves. Over 300 persons attended.

The annual Science Fair at St. Anne's School, Fall River, was held recently, with 89 students participating. First place eighth grade winner, with a project on alcoholism, was Melanie Malone. Placing second and third, with projects on the space shuttle and the effects of music on plants, were Thomas Whiting and Matthew Lagasse. Carlin Saccucci won seventh grade competition with a presentation on lasers. Keith Guay and Eric Bradbury, with projects on aquaculture and allergies took second and third place. Student Christine Castonguay's dental prosthetics presentation earned an honorable mention. Sixth graders John Gill and Ricardo Rebelo took their grade's first place award with a project on robots. Michael Ferreira merited an honorablt; mention with his study of fingerprints. Student David Patykewich, with a project on dam's, earned the Principal's Award. Winners will enter their projects in the Massachusetts Region III Science Fair, to be held later this month at Fall River's Bristol Community College.

St. Jean Ba,ptiste

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49 students earned high honors during the school's second quarter grading period. 48 merited honors, and 18 walked away with honorable mention.

• • • • With the arrival of Lent and Generosity Month, students have shown their generosity to a 17year-old and her newborn child. The single parent, in an apartment alone with her baby, was in need of furniture, household goods and clothing; St. Anne's students offered assistance, providing her with some of her material needs.

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. Teachers are participating in a. four-week course to master CompuTar, the school's new computer program.

S~hool,

By Melissa Costa Grade Six St. Jean Baptiste School in Fall River recently held its annual seventh and eighth grade science fair. The students had many interesting projects. The top three eighth grade winners were Paul Charette (firSt place), Dawn Martell (second place) and Stacy Rogers (third place). The Honorable Mention and Principal's Award went to Adelaide Borges and Erin Hayden. The seventh grade winners were Hope Texieira (first place), Shelley Dougherty (second place) and Charles Amaral (third place). The

Bishop Connolly Bishop Daniel A. Cronin will make his annual pastoral visit to Bishop Connolly High School, Fall River, and offer a Mass in the school auditorium at 8:45 a.m. Thursday. Parents and friends are welcome to attend and are also invited to daily Mass at 7:30 a.m. year-round in the school chapeL

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.itm~nt of jove, but when gany intense feeling. Many' people are able to express love b~t hesitjlte to express their sadness, disappointment, hurt or anger. ~However, ifarelationship is to continue growing - the relation, ship of two people planning marriage, for'example - both indi~ viduals involved must face the ri~~s of e"pressing theirfeeling~. Relationships that grow and en'dure have emotional support and ness. ~ No matter how well t e s t otIhe relationship goeg, if a couple fails to achieve emotion~l intimacy, they eventually become disillusioned. In time, they recognize that the relationship lacks something very impor~ tant. . . One way to overcome the fear ofexpressing feelings is to use a letter. Often one can put into \yriting what is otherwise difficult to say. Tell the other thi\i· you have written 'him or her Ii letter. After some time, invite the other persbn to discuss what th'e letter says: .. . "".,

Fall River

Honorable Mention and Principal's Award went to Eric Pilotte and Colleen Zajic. Winners will move on to the Massachusetts Region III Science Fair, to be held March 28 and 29 at Fall River's Bristol Community College.

Bishop Stang Bishop Stang High School, North Dartmouth, has announced that its 1987 Senior Prom will be held from 7 p.m. to midnight May 14 at Swansea's Venus de Milo restaurant. A 5:3Q to 6:30·p.m. reception will precede the event in the school's gym.

• • • • The Catholic high school welcomes new business office personnel Mrs. Chris Rose and Mrs. Nancy Moura.

• • • • 23 students have been named to the Principal's List for the second term of the 1986-87 academic year. 57 young people merited first honors and 104 qualified for second. honors.

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Father Robert 8raunreuther. School Lenten Masses are of(March 18) andFatherJ. Thomas fered at 10:30 a.m. Tuesdays and Ha~el(March 25) \Yill speak as 8: 15 a.m. Thursdays. All are welpart of the' s.ch~ol's,L~nteil series. come to celebrate with the Stang Programs begl.n With. M,ass at 6 . ,community. p.m. Inforl)'la1l0n·; D~velopment . Office, 676-',1476.,·,·. ' ' .

• * • Winter ~orts,seaso'ri s~m~ary: , boys' basketballfin-ished 9-~ (6-4 in divisionU) in a three-way ~ie' for first place: girls' basketball finished. 10-8 (6-4 in Division II); cocap':' tainsRose Arruda and Melissa Sweeny were named to the Southeastern Massachusetts Conference All-Star team.

.' . . .,.'

Spring sports tryouts begin Mon'day.

Bishop Feehan·:

The Parents' Organization at . Attleboro's' Bishop Feehan High School encourages all Feehan parents to attend a meeting on" Alcoholism and Teenagers," at 7:30 p.m._April 28 in the school's religious education center. Promised to be "realistic in its dealing with the problem of teenage drinking," Over 250 students are expected the program will be coordinated to participate in Connolly's spring by Sgt. Bruce Gordon and the sports season. Massachusetts State Police.

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NCf UPI photo

CARTOONIST Jim Davis, creator oC"Garfield" and "U.S. Acres," with ll-year-old Robert Tobin, a student at St. Mary's School in Quincy. 15,000 children responde~to Davis' call for a guest character; Bobby answered and won with "Max," a skateboarding bird who prefer's gourmet food to worms. A Lenten program, prepared by the campus ministry department, is assisting stude.nts and faculty in observing the season. During Monday homeroom periods, short prayer services are held. On Tues-

days and Thursdays', Ii- 10:45 a.m. Mass is offered in' the school's chapel for students and faculty with free time. On Wednesdays, Feehanites are asked to perform a positive action to benefit someone

else. On Fridays, they are asked to sacrifice something (food is suggested) and contribute to the schoors Lenten collection for the poor.


What's on your mind? Q. How do I stop my boyfriend from being so heavily involved in drugs? I've already tried ~ asking him to stop. (Kansas) A. For a moment, let's consider Mark, 24. He is a recovered alcoholic and drug addict. He started drinking alcohol when he was II and at his peak (or rather, in the depths of his degradation) he could ingest heavy doses of valium or some other drug and top it off with lots of bourbon. Now he is clean and is little by little becoming a genuinely happy person. But there is a cloud on the horizon - his younger brother, Dave, who is still taking lots of drugs and drinking lots of booze. This pains Mark. He knows that Dave is deeply unhappy and is seeking to escape from his misery, and so creates greater misery for himself. Mark also knows that he could show Dave the path to a happy life of sobriety, a life immensely more enriching 'than the one Dave is now trapped in. There was a time when Dave's plight tore Mark all to pieces. But an older friend pointed out to him that if he continued to sweat over Dave's plight, he might return to drinking.

tv, movie news

By

Symbols following film reviews indicate both general and Catholic Film Office ,i ratings, which do not always coincide. LENNON I General ratings: G-suitable for gen· eral viewing, PG-I3-parental guidance strongly suggested for chil.dren under 13, PG-parental guidance suggested, .1 R-restricted, unsuitable for children or younger teens. Catholic ratings: AI-approved for His friend gave him this stern children and adults, A2-approved for advice: "Stay away from Dave. adults and adolescents; A3-approved for Don't argue with him. Don't try to adults only, A4-separate classification change him. Let go, let God. Live (given to films not morally offensive and let live. And pray for your which, however, require some analysis and explanation), O-morally offensive. brother every day."

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Mark also came to realize that if he kept on being emotionally involved with his brother, the pain he felt might drive him back to drinking and using. So Mark backed off. On the surface he adopted a selfish, coldblooded attitude toward Dave. But it was really enlightened self-interest. Painful though it may be, you should consider whether you ought to break up with your boyfriend. But more importantly, it will remove you from a danger. There is the'"very. real possibility that your boyfriend may wear you down. One day, to please him and to be more accepted, you may give in and try some drugs.

'CYO"AII-Star

To'urnament results

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After Mass Sunday Brunch At

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At first Mark thought this was a selfish approach. But then the reality sank in. Arguments with Dave had gone nowhere. Persuasion was in vain. He simply could not change Dave. Only Dave, or God, could do that.

The Anchor Friday, Mar. 13, 1987

NOTE Please check dates and times of television and radio programs against local listings, which may differ from the New York network schedules supplied to The Anchor. New Films "Some Kind ofWonderful"(Para" mount) - A confused teenager struggles against authority figures and shallow advice from his schoolmates and parents to overcome his insecurities while asserting his noncomformist aspirations. John Hughes' adolescent soap opera passively accepts teen sex as a natural outcome of rapid physical and slow, underdeveloped emotional maturity, while it subtly undermines trust in the values of the adult world. A3, PG-13 "Angel Heart"(Tri-Star) - Alan Parker's bloody, often disgusting depiction of one man's grappling with the devil and the consequences of his refusal to accept the evil within him forms the core of this story about a private eye (Mickey Rourke) hired to find a missing person only to discover it is a missing soul. Graphic mix of sex and violence in a demonic setting; nudity and vivid results of dismemberment are presented. 0, R "Tin Men" (Buena Vista) Danny DeVito and Richard Dreyfuss are 1960s aluminium siding salesmen obsessed with getting even with each other over a car accident. Barbara Hershey plays the estranged wife of one, who becomes fair game fOf vindictive seduction by the other. Barry Levinson's wry and ribald comedy depends upon profanity and adultery. 0, R

Diocesan All-Star basketball Taunton walked away an Allteams recently competed in a CYO Tournament team member; TaunAll-Star Tournament. Games were ton's Ken Peres and Fall River's held in Fall River's Anawan Street Norby Martins, Billy Martins and CYO, Taunton Catholic Middle Joe Couto shared the honors. School and New Bedford's KenIn Junior Girls' play, Fall River nedy Center. stomped Taunton 44 to 26. Fall In Junior Boys' competition, River's Ann Harrington led with 12 points; her teammate Stephanie New Bedford defeated Taunton 60 to 24. Rick Brown was New Bed- Valente and Taunton's Sarah Galford's high scorer with 15 points; ligan shot eight and six points Joe Silva topped his Taunton respectively. New Bedford lost to Attleboro teammates with nine. Attleboro fell to Fall River 62 to 45; Fall 36 to 17; Attleboro's Cheryl River's Matt Kuss, Lincoln Chap- Warren (II points) and Keely man and Cory Luz scored 13, 12, Kennedy (10) were the highest and II points respectively; Attle- scorers. Rachel Thomas of New "Nightmare On Elm Street, III" boro's Shane Sackett scored 12· Bedford contributed eight points. (New Line) - A group of youngIn the championship game, points. sters are terrorized in their dreams . In the championship game,New Attleboro triumphed over Fall by a restless, evil phantom who Bedford bowed to Fall River 79 to River 55 to 50. Miss Harrington returns to avenge his death by fire 61. Kuss, Chapman, Luz and Kevin (20 points) and Heather Murphy at the hands of their parents. Classy Cabral were Fall River's.straight of Fall, River and Misses Warren special effects depict blood and shooters, and Brown, Dave Dakin' and Kennedy and Heather Powers gore through sadistic violence with and Jeff Cruz scored high for New 'and Maura Scanlon of Attleboro no other purpose but to shock. 0, ~cored high. R . Bedford. . . Miss Harrington was named Films on TV New Bed.f~rd'~ Brown.' was MVP; she was joined on the AllSunday, March 22, 9-11 p.m. chosen Most Valuable Player in Tournament team by Misses the competition; h'ewasj.oined on Valente, Warren, Kennedy and EST (ABC) .... "Rough Cut"(1980) - Director .Don Siegel's fluffy, the hono'nary All,-Tournament Scanlon. implausible 'romantic comedy feateam by Kuss, Chapman, Luz and Fall River's Senior Boys' Divtures Burt Reynolds as a jewel Sackett. ision A team topped New Bedford The Senior 'Boys' Division B 61 to 59; MVP was Fall River's thief and David Niven as the Scotsquad from New Bedford topped 'Mark Bertrand.' The' 16-pointer land Yard detective who blacktheir Fall River cO\lnterparts 62 to was joined on the honorary team mails kleptomaniac Lesley-Anne 56; Eric DaCosta of New Bedford by New Bedford's Dan Conceicao , Down into setting up her lover was named MVP; the 14-pointer (20 points) and Hector Barros (13), (Reynolds) for an arrest.· Some was chosen' an All"Tourna'rtlent . arid Fall River's Pete DeFusco' sexual. references. and a pervasive team memb~r along with his and Dan Gauthier, 20 and six amoral attitude. A3, PG teammates Bob Mourao and Craig pointers respectively. Monday, March 23, 9-11:30 p.m. Barboza, and Fall River's Rod The Fall River area CYO is EST ('PBS) - "EI. Norte" (1984) LaRue and Alex Camara. , directed by' Father Jay T. Mad- - Fleeing a. terrorist attack in Taunton's Prep Boys aced Fall dock; associate director is Albert which,their mother has been kidRiver 51 to 48. MVP Jim Wile of Vaillancourt. napped and their father killed, two

teenage Guatemalans - a brother and sister - flee to "EI Norte," that is, the United States, where they hope to begin a new life free from fear and exploitation. 'The journey has its own terrors, but they reach Los Angeles, get jobs and have a taste of the good life before one becomes seriously ill and the other is deported as an, illegal .alien. A splendidly made film about the dignity of human beings, giving a sense of identity to the faceless Latin American victims of oppression which has motivated the sanctuary movement. Subtitles aplenty with much of the dialogue in Spanish and Mayan. Several scenes of realistic violence are inappropriate for younger children. A3, R Religious TV Sunday, March 15 (CBS) "For Our Times" ~ In this rebroadcast of a i 977 program entitled "To Reach the Season," the late' operatic tenor Jan Peerce and the Camerata Singers, under the direction of composer Abraham Kaplan, highlight a musical celebration of the story of Esther. Peerce sings traditional and modern music associated with the Jewish festival of Purim and Kaplan leads the 14voice ensemble through several choral selections that illuminate the theme of this annual celebration. Religious Radio Sunday, March 15 (NBC) "Guideline" - Susan St. Albans discusses her book, "The Magic of a Mystic," which contains her reflections on the life of Padre Pio.

usee produces alien legalization teleconferences WASHINGTON (NC) - The U.S. Catholic Conference is producing two-way teleconferences to train Catholic volunteers and church professionals to help illegal aliens apply for legal resident status. One was held last week. Others are scheduled for March 19 and 21. . Facilities of the Catholic Telecommunications Network of America and its diocesan affiliates are being used for the teleconferences. The USCC's Migration and Refugee Services is producing them as part of its effort to assist in the implementation of the Immigration Reform and C.ontrol Act of 1986. The law, passed ~y Congress in October, will enable- immigrants who have been in the United States illegally since Jan. I, 1982, to obtain legal status. Under the law, applications for legalization may be submitted beginning May 5.. Last week's teleconference presented an overview of the technical and administrative of the legalization,program, including discussion. of budgetary considerations. The March 19' teleconference' . will deal with specialized legal training, and the March 21 program will focus on volunteer training. " Migration and Refugee Services will supply. vid~otapes to dioc,eses not equipp~d to pa~ticipate. '.

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The Anchor Friday, Mar.l3, 1987

16

ST. CLOUD, Minn. (NC) Several pastors answering a St. .Cloud diocesan liturgy survey complained that Saturday evening· Masses have become an abuse.

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More than one suggested that such liturgies be held only in "certain designated areas" to serve the few who really cannot attend Mass on Sunday. ". think the exception has become the rule and many abuses have crept in, thus destroying the sacred character of Sunday," one pastor wrote. Another suggested that the Saturday Masses have contributed to a climate in which few Catholics pay attention to holy days and "an increasing number seem less scrupulous about what constitutes servile work on Sundays." The survey, by the diocesan Office of Worship, asked pastors to evaluate their weekend and holy day Mass schedules in terms of quality and attendance, with an eye to eliminating poorly attended Masses where possible and improving the quality of each celebration. A number of pastors took advantage of the survey to express their feelings about liturgy habits and practices, including criticism of Saturday liturgies. The practice of evening Masses . the day before a Sunday or major feast is based on a long church. tradition of viewing a feast ll,s beginning with nightfall the previous day. This was revived in the Western church with the restoration of the Easter Vigil liturgy by Pope Pius XII in 1951, and it was extended to other Sundays and holy days at the discretion of bishops' conferences and local bishops in the 1960s and '70s. In 1983 the new Code of Canon Law made the option universal.

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A 13-day trip by Pope John Paul II to South America March 31-April 13 will include stops in Uruguay, Chile and Argentina. He plans to visit eight cities in Chile, 10 in Argentina ,and one in Uruguay, (NC map)

"Grate Sleep-Out" spotlights problems of homeless WASHINGTON (NC) - Congressmen and ce.lebrities took part in a "Grate American Sleep-Out" earlier this month in Washington to call attention to the problems of homeless people. The sleep-out on heating grates near the Capitol was timed to call attention to a House bill, H. R'. 558, which would authorize $500 million in emergency aid for homeless people. Rep. Tony L. Coelho, D-Calif., third ranking House member and one of the temporary street people, said at a press conference that the sleep-out showed "Congress is trying to reach out to those who don't vote." Actor Martin Sheen said that homelessness is part of the overall issue of social justice. "You can't separate them, They are of the same cloth the same seamless garment," said the Catholic actor, invoking a phrase often '00

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used by Catholics to refer to the full range of pro-life issues. If people in every community "began by going out and spending one night - if they lasted the night - they would have some real good ideas in the morning" about how to solve problems facing the homeless, Sheen said. Churches can "do a very great deal" to help with the problems of the homeless, Sheen said, suggesting that churches within a community get together for an ecumenical service and then hold a sleep-out. If church leaders would spend the night on the street it would "make a powerful impression,~' Sheen said. The actor- said he became involved in the plight of the homeless last year when he portrayed activist Mitch Snyder of the Community for Creative Non-Violence in Washington in a TV movie. Snyder has fasted to protest a. wealthy'church's remodeling pro-. ject and the naming of the U.S. nuclear-powered submarine Corpus Christi. Actor Brian Dennehy called the situation "a national disgrace" and said he took part in the sleep-out to call ·attention to "people who don't have political power." The "Grate American Sleep-Out" began with a soup line near the Capitol, followed by a presentation of"Voices from the Streets," a drama starring homeless people narrated by Sheen with music by Pete Seeger. The celebrities then moved to grates near the Capitol.


03.13.87