DESIGN FOR PERFORMING ARTS RESEARCH BOOKLET STUDENTâ€™S NAME: VO PHUONG THAO CLASS: EDEXCEL 6 LECTURER: MICHAEL LING
About The Designer Design to Perfoming Art
2.0 RESEARCH AND CASE STUDY 2.1 Overall Vietnamese Tribe In Viet Nam 2.2 Ede - Vietnam Ethnic Minoritiy 2.2.1 Production activities 2.2.2 Clothing 2.2.3 Housing 2.2.4 Social organization 2.2.5 Festivals 2.2.6 Artistic activities
3.0 FASHION RUNWAY DESIGN
Fashion Runway Site Location
4.0 CONCEPT AND IDEAS
Design Inspiration General sketches
5.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT
Floorplan and Area Calculation Materials Board
6.0 TECHNICAL DRAWING AND 3D RENDERING
1.1 About The Designer
My full name is Vo Phuong Thao, Kino is the nickname people use to call me. Before I become the Interior Designer, I used to study Business English at Open University HCMC. Iâ€™m able to use AutoCAD, 3Ds Max and Vray Rendering. Iâ€™m passion with my job because I can help other people to create different and creative ideas and make these become possible.
1.2 Design to Performing Art Performing Art Performing arts are a form of art in which artists use their voices or bodies, often in relation to other objects, to convey artistic expression. It is different from visual arts, which is when artists use paint, canvas or various materials to create physical or static art objects. Performing arts include several disciplines, each performed in front of a live audience. Theatre, music, dance, and other kinds of performances are present in all human cultures. The history of music and dance date to pre-historic times. More refined versions, such as ballet, opera, and Kabuki, are performed professionally. Live performances before an audience are a form of entertainment. The development of audio and video recording has allowed for private consumption of the performing arts. The performing arts can help explain our emotions, expressions, and feelings
Types of Performing Art Theatre is the branch of performing arts; concerned with acting out stories in front of an audience, using a combination of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle. Any one or more of these elements is performing arts. In addition to the standard narrative dialogue style of plays. Theatre takes such forms as plays, musicals, opera, ballet, illusion, mime, classical Indian dance, kabuki, mummersâ€™ plays, improvisational theatre, stand-up comedy, pantomime, and nonconventional or contemporary forms like postmodern theatre, postdramatic theatre, or performance art. Dance generally refers to human movement, typically rhythmic and to music, used as a form of audience entertainment in a performance setting. Definitions of what constitutes dance are dependent on social, cultural, aesthetic artistic and moral constraints and range from functional movement (such as folk dance) to codified, virtuoso techniques such as ballet and free-dance. Music is an art form which combines pitch, rhythm, and dynamic in order to create sound. It can be performed using a variety of instruments and styles and is divided into genres such as folk, jazz, hip hop, pop, and rock, etc. As an art form, music can occur in live or recorded formats, and can be planned or improvised. Music is a protean art, it easily coordinates with words for songs as physical movements do in dance. Moreover, it has a capability of shaping human behaviors as it impacts our emotions.
2.0 RESEARCH AND CASE STUDY
2.1 Overall Vietnamese Tribe In Viet Nam
About eight million of Vietnam’s current 92 million population comprises 53 ethnic groups divided into dozens of subgroups some with a mere hundred or so members, hence giving Vietnam the richest and most complex ethnic makeup in the whole of South-east Asia. Ethnic minority groups with members numbering upwards of 500,000 include the Tay, Thai, H’Mong, Muong, Hoa, Dao and Nung. Kinh (or Viet) people make up about 88% of the population. On Offroad Vietnam motorcycle and motorbike tours through Vietnam, we met 50 out of the total Vietnam 54 ethnic groups and hopefully we will meet the last four groups soon. Viet Or Kinh People The vast majority of Vietnam’s minorities live in the hilly regions of the Northern part, down the Truong Son mountain range, and also in the Central Highlands. In fact, all these areas saw heavy fighting in recent wars. Several groups straddle today’s international boundaries, spreading across the Indochinese peninsula and up into Southern China. Little is known about the origins of many of these people, some of whom already inhabited the area before the ancestors of the Viet arrived from Southern China around four to five thousand years ago. At some point, the Viet emerged as a distinct group from among the various indigenous peoples living around the Red River Delta and then gradually absorbed smaller communities until they became the dominant culture. Other groups continued to interact with the Viet people, but either chose to maintain their independence in the highlands or were forced up into the hills, off the ever-morecrowded coastal plains. Vietnamese legend accounts for this fundamental split between lowlanders and highlanders as follows: the Dragon King of the South married Au Co, 4
a beautiful northern princess, and at first, they lived in the mountains where she gave birth to a hundred strong, handsome boys. After a while, however, the Dragon King missed his watery, lowland home and decamped with half his sons, leaving fifty behind in the mountains – the ancestors of the ethnic minorities. Highlanders While the ethnic-Vietnamese and Chinese live mainly in urban centres and coastal areas, the remaining people, an estimated 10% of Vietnam’s total population, are found primarily in the high country. Undoubtedly the most colourful of the hill tribes reside in the Northwest and Northeast, in the plush mountain territory along the Lao and Chinese borders, while many of the tribes in the Central Highlands and the south can be difficult to distinguish, at least by dress alone, from ordinary Vietnamese. The French called them Montagnards (meaning ‘Highlanders’ or ‘mountain people’) and still use this term when speaking in French or English. Some have lived in Vietnam for thousands of years, while others migrated into the region during the past few centuries. The areas inhabited by each group are often delimited by altitude, with later arrivals settling at higher elevations. Most of the individual ethnic groups share basic, similar traits in their daily lives and are often most easily identified by differences in language, physical features and traditional dress. They have a rural, agricultural lifestyle and show similarities in village architecture and traditional rituals and have a long history of inter-tribal warfare. Many of the tribes are semi-nomadic, cultivating crops such as ‘dry’ rice using slash-andburn methods, which have taken a heavy toll on the environment.
2.2 Ede - Vietnam Ethnic Group E De are belong to Malay - Polynesian Group. Populations: 331.194 (2009 census). Itâ€™s ranked 12th in the number of ethnic communities in Vietnam. Ede ethnic came from the Pacific islands. They have moved into central Vietnam and migration onto highlands around 8th to 15th century. Now they concentrated in Dak Lak, south of Gia Lai province and west of the two provinces are Khanh Hoa and Phu Yen. Ede Ethnic most concentrated mainly in Dak Lak Province. It occupy for 90.2% of the total Ede population in Viet Nam. Proper name: Anak Ede Other names: Anak, Ea De, Ra De (or Kha De), E De, Egar, De. Local groups: Kpa, adham, Krung, Mdur, Ktul, Dlie, Hrue, Bih, Blo, Kah, Kdrao, Dong Kay, Dong Mak, Ening, Arul, Hwing, Ktle, Epanâ€Ś Language: The Ede language belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian group (Austronesia language family). History: The Ede have long lived in the Tay Nguyen or high plateau region of central Vietnam. Traces of their origin are reflected in their epic poems, their architecture, and their popular arts. Up to today, the Ede community remains a society imprinted with matrilineal traditions.
2.2.1 Production activities
The Edeâ€™s principal food crop is rice, cultivated on swidden fields which, after a period of time, after left fallow before being exploited anew (cleared and burned). Each period of exploitation of a field varied between 5 and 8 years, based on the quality of the soil. Crop rotation and intercropping is practiced and there is only one wet rice harvest per year. Wet rice fields are found only among the Bih near Lac Lake. The most numerous animals and poultry raised on the family farm are pigs, buffaloes, and chickens, but they are mostly used when there are ritual sacrifices to perform. The most widespread family handicrafts are the plaiting of household objects out of bamboo, the cultivation of cotton in order to weave cloths with the aid of looms similar to those found in Indonesia. Pottery and blacksmithing are not well-developed among the Ede. Barter was the most spread marketing practice in the former time. The Ede eat rice cooked in clay pots or in large-sized metal pots. Ede food includes a spicy salt, game meat, bamboo shoots, vegetables and root crops abstained from hunting and gathering activities. Ruou can, fermented alcohol consumed using a bamboo drinking tube or straw, is stored and served in large earthen jars. Steamed sticky rice is reversed for ritual occasions. Men and women chew betel nut. 7
2.2.2 Clothing Women wear a long cloth wrapper or sarong which reaches to the toes; their torso may remain unclothed or they may wear a short pullover vest. Men wear the loin cloth and a vest of the same style. When they are cold, men and wears wrap themselves in blankets. Ede jewelry includes glass beaded necklaces, rings made of copper or nickel that are worn around the neck, wrists, and ankles. Men are women alike have their teeth filed, blacken their teeth, and prefer distended earlobes. Head coverings include the turban and the conical hat.
2.2.3 Housing The Ede primarily live in Dac Lac province, the south of Gia Lai province, and the west of Phu Yen and Khanh Hoa provinces. The traditional Ede house is a construction whose length is reminiscent of the shape of a boat which is cut lengthwise or across giving it a shape of a reversed trapezoid. The structure rests on two rows of columns and not on the ground. The interior space is divided into two parts along the length. The first section is called Gah; it is both the reception area of the large matrilineal extended family. The other part, ok, is divided into many small rooms, each of which is reserved for a couple in the extended family. Transportation: The plaited carrying basket with two shoulder straps remains the principal way for the Ede to carry their goods. In the Krong Buk region, the footed basket is the most widely used, but not all that popular nowadays.
2.2.4 Social organization The Ede family is matrilineal: marriage is matrilocal, the children carry the name of the mother’s family, and the youngest daughter is the inheritor. Ede society is regulated by customary laws based on the matriarchal system. The community is divided into two lineages in order to facilitate marriage exchanges. The village is called buon and constitutes a unique kind of habitat. The inhabitants of the buon can belong to many branches of the two lineages, but there is also a nuclear branch. The head of village is the po pom ea or the master of the place of water. He directs, in the name of his wife, the affairs of the community. Marriage: It is the women who take the initiative in matrimonial relations. She chooses the intermediary in order to ask for a young man in marriage, and once the couple marries, they live with the wife’s family. If one of the couple dies, the family of the deceased’s lineage must replace the spouse according to the chue nue (continuing the line) custom so that the surviving spouse is not alone. It also ensures that the thread of love tied between the two lineages, Nie and Mlo, do not rupturein conformity to the teachings of the ancestors. Funerals: The chue nue must be observed for each death. In the case of the death of old age or sickness,
the funerals are organized at the home before the burial at the cemetery. In the past, if the people of one lineage died on dates near to those of the death of the same lineage, the deceased would be buried in the same grave. Consider that the other world is a reincarnation of the present world, the Ede share the deceased’s goods and dispose of them in the funerary structure. From the time that the funerary house is made, the celebration of the abandonment of the tomb takes place to put an end to the cares to the soul of the deceased and to his tomb. New house: The construction of a new h is of interest to the entire village. Villagers help bringing material (wood, bamboo, straw) or help with manual labor in a system of exchanging labor (called H’rim Zit). The inauguration of the new house will take place when one has finished planting a row of trees along the wall. However, one can move well in advances of this date if the condition is not organized for the inauguration. Women, led by a khoa sang – the female head of the matrilineal family are the first ones authorized on walk on the new floor. They carry with them water and a fire in order to give coolness and heat to the new house. It is an Ede way to wish happiness on the members of the new house.
2.2.5 Festivals Festivals are celebrated in the course of the last month of the lunar year, after the harvest time. After the festival of the new rice, hâ€™ma ngat, it is the festival mnam thun, in honor of an abundant crop. It is the largest of the year, with wealthy people killing a buffalo or an ox as an offering, and others offering a pig or poultry. The spiritthe most important is Ae Die and Ae Du, the Creator, followed by the spirit of rice, yang mdie, and others. The Ede are animists. The agricultural spirit is the good spirits, while thunder, lightning, whirlwinds, tempests, and floods are the bad spirits. There are rituals that follow the course of a personâ€™s life, rites that ask for happiness and health. The more rites there are, and especially those with the sacrifice of many buffaloes and oxen and great quantities of jars (for the fermentation of alcohol), the more the organizer are held in esteem by the villagers. Calendar: The traditional agricultural calendar is fixed to the evolution of the moon. The 12-month year is divided into 9 periods corresponding to the 9 steps of agricultural work: clearing the fields, burning the vegetation, turning over the soil, weddingâ€Śeach month is comprised of 30 days.
2.2.6 Artistic activities Gong: There are several sets of gongs used. The knah gong set is made up of six suspended gongs :knah, hlinang or knah hliang, mdu khk or knah khk, hluê khk or mong, hluê hliang, hluê khk điêt or k’khiêt, knah di, and the largest one is ching sar; as well as two bossed gongs: mđũ and ana (there is also h’gor drum). The others are: chinh k’ram. Rade gong culture has been recognized by UNESCO as one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. Flute (Ede language: đing): đing năm, ky pah, đing tak ta (or đing but klé), đing but tút, đing but trok, đing rinh, đing téc, đinh tút. String instrument: bro, goong. Others: chinh đing aráp,gông kram, đing pah, đing ktuk, đing pâng, kni. The khan is a long epic poem that one recounts in vivid exclamations and illustrates with gestures. There are alternating songs, riddles, genealogical histories…Ede music is celebrated by the ensemble of 6 flat gongs, 3 gongs with projections, a gong for rhythm, and a drum. The gongs would never be absent from a festival or a cultural activity. Aside from the gongs, there are bamboo instruments and calabashes resembling those of other ethnic groups in the Tay Nguyen region, though they are distinctively Ede.
3.0 FASHION RUNWAY DESIGN
3.1 Fashion Runway
A fashion show is an event put on by a fashion designer to showcase his or her upcoming line of clothing. In a typical fashion show, models walk the catwalk dressed in the clothing created by the designer. Occasionally, fashion shows take the form of installations, where the models are static, standing or sitting in a constructed environment. The order in which each model walks out wearing a specific outfit is usually planned in accordance to the statement that the designer wants to make about his or her collection. The way that each outfit is presented on the catwalk isn’t necessarily the way the designer is trying to make people wear his or her creations in everyday life. In this instances, this is more of an intellectual/artistic construction of the designer for the same purpose of making a statement or presenting a particular idea. It is then up to the audience to not only try to understand what the designer is trying to say by the way the collection is being presented, but to also visually deconstruct each outfit and try to appreciate the detail and craftsmanship of every single piece. A wide range of contemporary designers tend to produce their shows as theatrical productions with elaborate sets and added elements such as live music or a variety of technological component like holograms, for example. Because “the topic of fashion shows remains to find its historian, the earliest history of fashion shows remains obscure. In the 1800s, “fashion parades” periodically took place in Paris couture salons. American retailers imported the concept of the fashion show in the early 1900s. The first American fashion show likely took place in 1903 in the New York City store Ehrlich Brothers. By 1910, large department stores such as Wanamaker’s in New York City and Philadelphia were also staging fashion shows. These events showed couture gowns from Paris or the store’s copies of them; they aimed to demonstrate the owners’ good taste and capture the attention of female shoppers.By the 1920s, retailers across the United States held fashion shows. Often, these shows were theatrical, presented with narratives, and organized around a theme (e.g. Parisian, Chinese, or Russian). These shows enjoyed huge popularity through mid-century, sometimes attracting thousands of customers and gawkers. 15
3.2 Site Location
Dak-lak geographical position Area: 13,125.4 km2 Đak Lak is based around the Đak Lak Plateau, around six hundred metres above sea level. About 60 km south of Buôn Ma Thuat is Lăk Lake. Overlooking the lake is the old summer residence of Emperor Bao Đai which has been renovated into a hotel. Surrounding the lake is Jun Village, home of the Jun people. The villagers have a peculiar form of fishing where they attach metal rods to a car battery and run the rods through the water zapping and stunning the fish and then collecting them to keep in a tank at the village until they are needed. The average height is from 1000 to 1200 m; the highest peaks are Chu Yang Sin (2442m), Chu H’mu (2051m), Chu De (1793m), and Chu Yang Pel (1600m). In the middle of Dak Lak, one can find a flat stretch of highland which covers 53% of the natural area, with an average height of 450m. The rest of province is lower areas. Dak-lak climate The Dak Lak’s climate is temperate with the annual average temperature is 24oC. There is a difference of only 5oC between the hottest month and the coldest one. The dry season lasts from November to April next year. It is quite cold, windy, and dry. The rainy season lasts from May to October with high rainy amount.
Lake Lak Lak Lake is the second largest freshwater natural lake in Vietnam after the Babe Lake in North West Mountain of the country. Located in the province of Dak Lak, refueled by the river of Krong Ana, Lak Lake having 5km square is surrounded by the villages of the Mnong people living in very long houses, green mountains covered by lush forests. Its local peoples believed that the lake had no bottom. According also to local legend, the spiritual hero Mnong people, Mr. Lak Lieng, created this Lak Lake.
Lak Lake is located about at 500 meters above the sea. During the dry season, the lake has an area of about 5 square km, or 8 - 10km square during the rainy season. Looking from afar, Lak Lake is like a sparkling, blue and soft scarf as silk to reinforce the mountainous beauty of the plateau. During the rainy season, when the water rises, creating a huge, deep and blue space in which clouds are reflected. The lotus, water lilies bloom ... making the lake more splendid lake under the yellow sun. Surrounded by the pristine forests of the plateau, Lak Lake is home of diverse fauna and flora. According to statistics, here, there are 548 species of plants, 132 species of birds, 61 of mammals, 43 of reptiles, amphibians, including a number of rare and endemic species. In addition, there are also countless aquatic species such as fish, crustaceans…which are a major economic resource for people living around Lak Lake.
4.0 CONCEPT AND IDEAS
4.2 General Sketches
5.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT
In and Exit Way Go by Boat to V.I.P Area Model Circulation
6.0 TECHNICAL DRAWING AND 3D RENDERING