PROJECT PROPOSAL LEONARDO DA VINCI
FLYING MACHINE STUDENTâ€™S NAME: Vo Phuong Thao CLASS: Edexcel 6 LECTURER: Kelner Krisztian SUBJECT: Management Of Art Exhibition
RESEARCH AND SITE LOCATION
Site Location Flying Machine
2.2.1 The Story of The Great Invention 2.2.2 The Revolution of The Flying Machine
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT 4.1 4.2
General Idea Sketches Floorplan and Circulation Diagram
INTRODUCTION main design elements Science Measurement Ideal Revolution
2.0 RESEARCH AND SITE LOCATION
2.1 Site Location The Louvre Abu Dhabi is an art and civilization museum, located in Abu Dhabi, UAE. The museum was established on November 8th 2017. It is part of a thirty-year agreement between the city of Abu Dhabi and the French government. The museum is located on the Saadiyat Island Cultural District. It is approximately 24,000 square metres (260,000 sq ft) in size, with 8,000 square metres (86,000 sq ft) of galleries, making it the largest art museum in the Arabian peninsula. The final cost of the construction is expected to be about â‚Ź600 million. In addition, US$525 million was paid by Abu Dhabi to be associated with the Louvre name, and an additional US$747 million will be paid in exchange for art loans, special exhibitions and management advice. Artwork from around the world are showcased at the museum, with particular focus placed upon bridging the gap between Eastern and Western art.
The establishment of this museum was approved by the French Parliament on 9 October 2007. The architect for the building is Jean Nouvel and the engineers are Buro Happold. Jean Nouvel also designed the Institut du Monde Arabe in Paris. The museum is part of a US$27 billion tourist and cultural development for Saadiyat Island, a complex which is planned to include three other museums, including a Guggenheim Museum and the Zayed National Museum. According to the government sponsored website UAE Interact: “The French Museums Agency will operate in collaboration with the Tourism Development and Investment Company (TDIC), which is behind the transformation of Saadiyat Island. It will be chaired by French financier and member of the country’s Académie des Beaux-Arts, Marc Ladreit de Lacharrière, publisher of the periodical Revue des Deux Mondes.” Bruno Maquart, the former Executive Director of Centre Georges Pompidou, will take the position of Executive Director.
By choosing the Louvre, the emirate of Abu Dhabi not only sealed a partnership with the world’s most visited and well-known museum, but selected one which, from its very inception, had a vocation to reach out to the world, to the essence of mankind, through the contemplation of works of art.
Flying Machine 2.2.1
The Story of The Great Invention
Leonardo, born in Vinci, Italy, possessed a genius which went far beyond simply being a remarkable artist. He was, perhaps, the first European interested in a practical solution to flight. Leonardo designed a multitude of mechanical devices, including parachutes, and studied the flight of birds as well as their structure. About 1485 he drew detailed plans for a human-powered ornithopter (a wing-flapping device intended to fly). There is no evidence that he actually attempted to build such a device, although the image he presented was a powerful one. The notion of a human-powered mechanical flight device, patterned after birds or bats, recurred again and again over the next four centuries. One of da Vinci’s most famous inventions, the flying machine (also known as the “ornithopter”) ideally displays his powers of observation and imagination, as well as his enthusiasm for the potential of flight. The design for this invention is clearly inspired by the flight of winged animals, which da Vinci hoped to replicate. In fact, in his notes, he mentions bats, kites and birds as sources of inspiration. Perhaps the inspiration of the bat shines through the most, as the two wings of the device feature pointed ends commonly associated with the winged creature. Leonardo da Vinci’s flying machine had a wingspan that exceeded 33 feet, and the frame was to be made of pine covered in raw silk to create a light but sturdy membrane. The pilot would lie face down in the center of the invention on a board. To power the wings, the pilot would pedal a crank connected to a rod-and-pulley system. The machine also had a hand crank for increased energy output, and a head piece for steering. As the busy pilot spins cranks with his hands and feet, the wings of the machine flap. The inspiration of nature in the invention is apparent in the way the wings were designed to twist as they flapped.
Leonardo da Vinci FLYING MACHINE I TA L I A N A R T I S T 9
A Mechanical Wing Device - ca. 1485 Leonardo also considered the prospect of gliding flight, as evidenced by the small sketches above - ca. 1485
Central Framework Of Leonardoâ€™s Human-Powered Ornithopter - ca. 1485
Leonardoâ€™s Human-Powered Ornithopter - ca. 1485
Another Mechanical Wing Device - ca. 1485
2.2.2 The Revolution of The Flying Machine
Sir George Cayley and the first modern aircraft Sir George Cayley was first called the “father of the aeroplane” in 1846. During the last years of the previous century he had begun the first rigorous study of the physics of flight and would later design the first modern heavier-than-air craft. Among his many achievements, his most important contributions to aeronautics include: Clarifying our ideas and laying down the principles of heavier-than-air flight. Reaching a scientific understanding of the principles of bird flight. Conducting scientific aerodynamic experiments demonstrating drag and streamlining, movement of the centre of pressure, and the increase in lift from curving the wing surface. Defining the modern aeroplane configuration comprising a fixed wing, fuselage and tail assembly. Demonstrations of manned, gliding flight. Setting out the principles of power-to-weight ratio in sustaining flight.
The age of Steam Drawing directly from Cayley’s work, Henson’s 1842 design for an aerial steam carriage broke new ground. Henson proposed a 150 feet (46 m) span high-winged monoplane, with a steam engine driving two pusher configuration propellers.
Jean-Marie Le Bris and his flying machine, Albatros II, 1868
Félix du Temple’s 1874 Monoplane
In 1856, Frenchman Jean-Marie Le Bris made the first flight higher than his point of departure, by having his glider “L’Albatros artificiel” pulled by a horse on a beach. He reportedly achieved a height of 100 meters, over a distance of 200 meters. Félix du Temple eventually achieved a short hop with a full-size manned craft in 1874. His “Monoplane” was a large aircraft made of aluminium, with a wingspan of 42 ft 8 in (13 m) and a weight of only 176 pounds (80 kg) without the pilot.
Whitehead Gustave Weißkopf was a German who emigrated to the U.S., where he soon changed his name to Whitehead. From 1897 to 1915, he designed and built flying machines and engines. On 14 August 1901, Whitehead claimed to have carried out a controlled, powered flight in his Number 21 monoplane at Fairfield, Connecticut
langley On 6 May 1896, Langley’s Aerodrome No. 5 made the first successful sustained flight of an unpiloted, engine-driven heavier-than-air craft of substantial size. It was launched from a spring-actuated catapult mounted on top of a houseboat on the Potomac River near Quantico, Virginia. Two flights were made that afternoon, one of 1,005 metres (3,297 ft) and a second of 700 metres (2,300 ft), at a speed of approximately 25 miles per hour (40 km/h). On both occasions the Aerodrome No. 5 landed in the water as planned, because in order to save weight, it was not equipped with landing gear. On 28 November 1896, another successful flight was made with the Aerodrome No. 6. This flight, of 1,460 metres (4,790 ft), was witnessed and photographed by Alexander Graham Bell. The Aerodrome No. 6 was actually Aerodrome No. 4 greatly modified. So little remained of the original aircraft that it was given a new designation.
The Wright brothers According to the Smithsonian Institution and Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI), the Wrights made the first sustained, controlled, powered heavier-than-air manned flight at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina on 17 December 1903. The first flight by Orville Wright, of 120 feet (37 m) in 12 seconds, was recorded in a famous photograph. In the fourth flight of the same day, Wilbur Wright flew 852 feet (260 m) in 59 seconds. Modern analysis by Professor Fred E. C. Culick and Henry R. Rex (1985) has demonstrated that the 1903 Wright Flyer was so unstable as to be almost unmanageable by anyone but the Wrights, who had trained themselves in the 1902 glider.
The Wright Flyer: the first sustained flight with a powered, controlled aircraft.
3.0 ASSIGNMENT DESIGN
design purpose The Exhibition is shown not only the great invention of Leonardo but also educate the viewers about the research and also the numderous of testing to reach out the final invention by showing his sketches. The Flying Machine of Leonardo isn’t the failed invention, it’s the first born ones that is made others inventor all around the world to follow his works and inspired to make other revolution flying machines. This exhibition also have a true experiment by hanging the viewers to the real Flying Machine to have the “WOW” feeling while playing the air fight challenge.
4.0 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT
General Idea Sketches
The “WOW” Experiment
Return on a boat
The “WOW” Experiment
Return on a boat
Floorplan and Circulation Diagram
Photograph and Hand-sketches
Entrance and Infomation about The Exhibition 1571 5644
The Revolution of The Flying Machine
The “WOW” Experiment
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FLYING MACHINE E X HI BI TI ON Louvre Abu Dhabi Museum in Abu Dhabi, UAE