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Geoffery Phung 638956 Semester 1 Group 7

Castor Oil Plant

is a species of plant from the spurge family. They generally have leaves that spans widely from its center. For this reason, I have choosen the Castor Leaf as the base for my design.

Figure 1: A Close up of the backlit of a Castor Bean Leaf [1]

Closing into the leaf, as in Figure 1, it can be seen that the leaf itself have some kind of a repetitive patterns, which could potentially help me in developing my lantern.

Figure 2: A Castor Bean plant

The breaking down process


Figure 3: In the first week, we intitially have to crop the image we have chosen to a 150x150 scale as well as applying the black and white effect such that the patterns of the objects are stands out.

Figure 4,5,6: The task was to break down the patterns of the original natural pattern such that a basic form can be introduced. The task also requires breaking down the chosen pattern into three themes including symmetry, balance and movement.



From the Kadinsky Reading: The Kadinsky way of Analysing Drawings aims to investigate the structural relationships amongs objects following a series of stages. The three stages of analytical approach advanced by Kandisky involving the first step being breaking down the subjects, the second stage require the student to develop on the structural network from the first stage such that the subject would be less recognizable, as well as bringing up the tensions relationships and third stage is nearly turning the subject into something abstract, yet the image still demonstrate some kind of structure by emphasizing some of the main apsects (lines, dots or colors). With these ideas in mind, I first break down my pattern into the movement (figure 6), my guess was that since the leaf has such a large scale of repetitive patterns movement would require lots of line to represent. The result was that the close-up image of the Castor Bean is much simpler yet if I feel like if I didn’t know the original image, it could be just some random pattern being found (such as a spiderweb). Continuing with the process, I ended up with the drawing of balance, it was basically the structure (the main skeleton of the leaf) which in its own nature is balanced. Then I moved on to the last part which is the symmetry. I found this to be the trickiest part as the structure of the close up is not quite symmetrical, so the solution was to divide the skeleton into 8 sections instead of 9. Recipe for the analytical drawings: Symmetry (figure 4): Step 1: Divide by 9

Step 2: Draw straight lines along the dividing as such:

Movement (Figure 5): Step 1: Draw a center circle with radius of 1.5cm Step 2:

Balance (figure 6) Step 1: Basic Shape:

Step 2: Starting from the center, offset basic shape 1cm appart. Divide by 8

The line is approximately 1cm long and end with an “x� Step 3: Increase the size of basic shape by approximately 10% each time offset out. Step 4: Rotate the basic shape approximately 40o at the center and repeat step 1 to 4 unitl metting the first basic shape.

From the Phillip Ball Reading: Phillip Ball mentioned that natural patterns are self-organised; they arise spontaneously from the interactions between many component parts (chemical reagents small particles molecules that cohere into clusters...etc). According to the reading, it is also emphasized that natural patterns are somewhat create in a relation to a set of rules, and that there are no theory that can explains the formation of natural patterns. This is no different to the pattern that I’ve found on the Castor Bean Leaf. The formation of the Castor Bean leaf seems to be a bit complex but when being break down, it turns out to be quite simple, as there are lots of repetitive in the patterns. Its close up pattern can be break down as follows: -A kite shape is form from the center of the leaf, it is then rotate equally at approximately 40o (This is various across the leave, but generally it is around 40o to 50o) until it returns to the first kite shape. The veins of the leaf then goes around inside the kite shape (see illustration below)

Paper Models

Developing from the Phillip Ball reading model, I now advance to make paper models of the pattern and play around with its shape. Although the result being generated provide a similar overall shape, it feels somewhat more complex than the models above, which enables some sort of patterns (shadow) being project out as light is shinning through.

Figure 7: A section of the paper model.

The recipe of the paper model

1 section of the model consists a kite and two arrow shapes which is larger than another. The kite: Step 1: Cut a strip of paper that is 12cm long and 1.5cm thick. Step 2: Fold the strip into a kite shape that is 2.5cm long on each side. Step 3: Glue the remaining part inside of the kite shape. The arrows: Step 1: Cut a strip of paper that is 18cm long and 1.5 cm thick Step 2: Fold the strip of paper in half, three times. Step 3: Unfold the strip, but notice how there are now lines on the paper. Step 4: Follow to fold those lines until the arrow shape is made like in figure 7 (Left 2). Step 5: To make the bigger arrow, simply repeat Step 1 to 4 except that the strip is longer by 4 cm each time the arrow gets larger. Step 6: Attach all pieces together using glue.

Figure 8: The model of the whole paper model in Rhino

Paper model 2:

The second model is quite similar to the first one except that, there are now dept added to the model. So in order to make this model, just follows the steps in the model 1 except that now the attechment of the pieces is now different: +Attach the pieces together using glue, adjust the the pieces so that the kites are at the lowest level and the biggest arrows are at the top, each piece differ by 1/2 of the other’s height.

Figure 9: The paper model 2 being modelled in Rhino (Perspective view)

Figure 10: The paper model 2 being modelled in Rhino (Side view)



Figure 9, 10, 11, 12, ,13 showing some of the process of the paper model being made. Figure 14 demonstrates the effect that the model generates when there is a light source.





Clay Models

The main aim of the clay model is generate somekind of outline shape of the lattern that I had in mind.

Clay Model 1

Figure 15: The outline shape to which I want my lanturn to look like. I initially thinking about having the lanern looks like the bridge that Michael van Telgen design, but it seems to be having issues as my pattern doesn’t seems to be fitting well into such shape (stacking patterns on top of each other might create a negative effect, since there are too many layers.)

Figure 16: A screenshot of the model by Michael van Telgen. [2]

Clay Model 2 17


Figure 17, 18: Another idea of the overall shape of the lantern. This took the idea that my basic shape is similar to the the kite. This idea seems to be more possible to do than the first clay model. However, I still want to try to work on the first one.

Figure 19: The basic shape of the pattern n Rhino.

Clay Model 3


SIZE, Size, size....


Figure 20, 21 (The orange clay model): Shows another idea of lantern, this seems to be complex than the other two model and it looks basically like the basic shape, but since I’ve made it, I guess it is interesting to keep it in this journal so that I could refer to it later on.

Figure 22: From the first clay models,these are the twp positions that the lantern could possibly be on the body. The first and third model would most likely be going through the arm, while the second is most likely to be held either downward or upward.

Reference: [1] [2]

Mod 1 Journal